CONTENT OF NUMBER
AND SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES

EURASIAN LAW JOURNAL №10(149)2020

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PERSONA GRATA
M.S. Salikov:
Ural School of  Constitutional Law(to the 80-th Anniversary of the Сonstitutional Law Department of the USLU)
Interview with Ph.D. in Law, Professor, Head of Сonstitutional law sub-faculty of the Ural State Law University Marat Sabiryanovich Salikov
 
EURASIAN INTEGRATION
Nazarova A.U., PavlovaO.A.
Economic and legal problems and prospects for the development of common oil and gas markets of the EAEU
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Dolzhenkova E., Mokhorova A. Yu., Gogoleva V. V.
Hidden opportunities of European and international law for countries with “immature” democracy
Mirzayev F.S.
Practice of international judicial bodies, arbitrations and international organisations on application of uti possidetis principle
Trofimtseva S.Yu.
The problems of harmonizing the criminal legislation of the CIS countries in the field of countering cyber crime
Rustamova L.R.
Problems and prospects of Germany’s participation in peacekeeping missions abroad at the present stage
Nguyen T.K.A.
Ensuring human rights in the construction of hydroelectric power stations (HPS) on the international Mekong river
 
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW
KabahaMahdi F.M.
Killing women in defense of family honor in Palestine: criminological issues
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Afanasjev A.A.
Ethical and other issues of international private law in the sphere of international transplantology
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Demina T.A., Vinogradova D.Yu.
Analysis of changes in the administrative-territorial structure and construction of the tax system of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Gayvoronskaya Ya.V., Miroshnichenko O.I.
Between Scylla and Charybdis: ethical problems of legal regulation in the context of technological revolution
Mayakunov A.E.
On the subject of the sociology of law
Oisungurov I.M.
Contract and agreement in the regulation of land-legal relations in Dagestan
Osmonbaeva K.M.
Legal means as the main tools for the management of human resources in the universities of humanitarian orientation
Romanovskaya V.B., Immaeva B.A.
International legal aspects of protecting society from destructive new religious movements
Umarova K.U.
Legal understanding and enforcement: importance for implementing administrative and legal reform in Uzbekistan
Fastovich G.G., Ignatenko V.A.
The “self-isolation” regime introduced in connection with the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic and its impact on the legal culture of society: theoretical and legal aspect
Chervyakov M.E., Shitova T.V.
On the question of effective management of the agroindustrial complex of the Russian Federation (on the example of analysis of the applicable legislation)
Chugaev V.V., Shitova T.V.
Social policy of modern Russia as one of the effectiveness criteria of the state mechanism
Yunusov A.A., Yunusov S.A., Zherebtsova E.N.
Freedom and responsibility in the educational function of law
Fastovich G.G., Litvinova V.S., Ignatenko V.A.
Effective personnel policy as one of the criteria for the activity of the state mechanism
Filin A.Yu.
Concepts of social justice in the context of studying the modern state
Yarmieva I.T.
Current trends in the development of the legal system of the Russian Federation
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Bokareva T.S.
About the concept of «local self-government»:history and modernity
Shmelev A.A., Remnev N.E.
Political rights and freedoms in the constitutional draft of N.M. Muravyov
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Bessonov N.K., Maslova S.V.
Legal vector of transition from informatization to digitalization
Dengaev I.B., Ramazanova E.T.
On the issue of interaction between the President of the Russian Federation and the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation in the legislative process
Evtushenko D.O., Lebedeva Yu.N.
Law-making initiative of citizens: problems of legal regulation and implementation
Melnikov A.R.
Positive and natural: on the correlation of constitutive and declarative components of the Constitution of the Russian Federation
Suyunchalieva O.T.
Identification of fictitious marriages concluded with foreign citizens as one of the ways to improve the Russian migration policy
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Belotserkovich D.V., Yuminova Yu.O.
Administrative and legal regulation of the construction industry in the Far Eastern Federal District: specifics, problems and solutions
Vankaeva A.G.
Prospects for the development of digitalization of the tax system in the Russian Federation
Isaev A.V., Menshikov P.V., Tebryaev A.A.
On legal conflicts of regulatory and administrative acts in the field of railway transport
Klimenko N.V., Morgunova N.V.
Features of the application of certain measures to ensure the proceedings in cases of administrative offenses
Zakopyrin V.N., Zverev A.V.
Issues relating to enhancing cooperation and coordination in the prevention of offences by commissions for minors and the protection of their rights and internal affairs bodies
Minibaev F.A.
Certain aspects of administrative offenses in the sphere of tobacco products turnover as the basis for administrative responsibility of minors
Roditeleva Ya.N.
Some aspects of the administrative responsibility of the prosecutor in the Russian Federation
Shirinyan R.V., Belotserkovich D.V.
Disqualification as a measure of administrative punishment applied to officials
 
CIVIL LAW
Borchenko V.A., Glebova E.V.
Problems of determining the object of the storage agreement
Grigorjeva I.M.
Problems defining the term «civil liability»
Dundarova Z.N., Magomedova A.G.
Labor of medical workers. Features of legal regulation
Ivliev P.V., Ananjeva E.O.
The norms of civil legislation of the Russian legislative policy and international experience of media activities
Karnova I.N.
Civil law status of persons sentenced to criminal punishment in the form of restriction of freedom
Kirsanova N.B., Zyabkina T.F., Semenova K.A.
On some issues of legal regulation of robotics and artificial intelligence
Kondrashov S. V.
Online court sessions: problems and solutions
Medvedev V. N.
Main directions of improving a mechanism of protecting intellectual rights for folk art craft products
Nedova N. S.
Comparative analysis of the bankruptcy procedure of citizens on the example of Russia and European countries:bases, process features, consequences
Ivliev P. V., Koval M. I.
To the problem of informing citizens of the Russian Federation about the activities of state authorities or local self-government bodies
Azarkhin A. V., Rodionov L. A.
On the issue of the civil law regime of a rented house
Tinamagomedov M. M., Suleymanova S. A.
Problems of using astrent in Russian law
Trotsenko O. S.
Public-private partnership as a method for implementing infrastructure projects
Sheremetyeva N. V., Vasilenko E. O., Kalashnikov S. S.
Legal aspects of the abolition of limited proprietary right
Khusainova R. I., Minniakhmetov I. R., Akhtyamov V., Alsynbaeva E. M., Sultanova R. I.
The legal problems of using genetic information obtained during prenatal and pre-plantation genetic diagnostics in the Russian Federation
Dundarova Z. N., Magomedova A. G.
Features of the content of labor of employees of insurance medical organizations
Elchenkov I. S.
The problem of assignment of the right to claim against the causer of harm as a result of a road traffic accident
Pavlov A. A.
Civil liability of the self-employed category of citizens
Tumanyan G. V.
On the implementation by citizens of control and expert activities as part of an advisory body under the legislative authority of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation
Fedina L. M.
On the issue of budget savings and the application of anti-dumping measures in the legal regulation of legal relations in the sphere of state (municipal) order
Khamitova G. M.
Some aspects of legal regulation of determining the origin of children born using assisted reproductive technologies
Shogenov Z. A.
Illegal business activities in the field of foreign exchange operations with foreign currency
Sheremetyeva N. V., Ostroukhova V. A., Gladkikh A. E.
Topical issues of judicial practice of contracts for the provision of engineering services
Esendirov A. V.
Impact of directors’ liability insurance on corporate governance
 
CIVIL PROCESS
Vladimirova O. A.
Institute of mediation in civil jurisdiction: from theory to practice
Кitaeva A. V.
Changes in procedural reform: jurisdiction of justices of the peace and district judges
Juve nile LAY
Ananjeva E. O., Bondarenko I. V.
Norms of Russian legislation while respecting the rights of minors
 
FAMILY LAY
Kashtanova A. O.
Family legal responsibility of minor parents sentenced to imprisonment
Kozhina Yu. A.
The influence of the family on the formation of personality
 
LABOUR LAW
Vyzhimova N. G., Pomykalova M. I., Torban Ya. A., Burlina E. A.
On the problem of preserving national labor potential
 
INFORMATION LAW
Ragimhanova D. A., Ragimhanova K. T.
Fundamentals of information openness of state authorities in foreign countries
Chervyakov M. E., Mironov A. G.
On the question of the development of agricultural cluster in modern Russia: theoretical and legal aspect
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Boguslavskaya N. A.
Topical issues of internal financial control in the budgetary legislation of the Russian Federation
 
TAX LAW
Aliev Sh. I., Alieva Z. M.
Main directions for improving the tax control system in Russia based on the best practices of foreign countries
Aliev Sh. I., Alieva Z. M., Omarov M. A.
Tax control in Germany
 
ECOLOGICAL LAW
Ponomarenko A. V., Maksimova E. V., Snetkov V. N., Veshkelskiy A. S.
To the question of the powers of state authorities in the field of the disposal of industrial and domestic waste
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Ganaeva E. E., Voskanov M. E.
Issues of combating extremism: analysis of foreign experience
Gutaev A. M., Khutuev V. A.
The legal basis for the activities of the internal affairs bodies to prevent illegal actions among minors
Danilova I. Yu., Zharko N. V., Novikova L. V.
Planning as a necessary component of the investigation of a penitentiary crime
Dikusar Ya. S., Kil Yu. E.
Parent criminal liability: optimization of existing standards
Elchaninov A. P.
Organizational and legal form of juvenile correctional institutions in the Russian Empire in the second half of the 19th century
Iriskulbekov E. B.
About the need of unification of the medical workers’ concept and their status for criminal-legal goals
Koval M. I., Chudakova S. N.
Impact of long prison terms on post-penitentiary adaptation
Lashchenova A. V., Demidchenko Yu. V.
Application of criminal law with administrative prejudice on the example of Art. 315 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Kushkhov R. Kh., Surtsev A. V.
Features of juvenile criminal responsibility
Muginova Z. R., Pestov R. A.
Institute for the consideration of criminal cases with the participation of jurors: foreign experience and trends in its development in Russia
Reznik Zh. Yu.
Determinants and prevention of crimes in the sphere of illegal drug trafficking in prison
Sorokin A. I.
Some aspects of qualification of the mother’s murder of a newborn child
Stepanenko D. Yu., Stepanenko Yu. S.
Some problems of qualification of crimes under article 228 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Sysoeva T. V., Sysoev A. V., Matsak L. V.
Problems of the implementation of the applicant’s procedural rights in criminal proceedings at the stage of initiation of a criminal case
Sych K. A.
Criminal punishment and levels of its functioning
Umarova A. A., Lebedinskaya V. P.
Law-making errors in criminal law
Tailova A. G., Abakarova B. G., Dzhamalova B. B.
Human trafficking in the period of the COVID-19 pandemic
Yakhyayeva M. U., Simonyan A. V.
Problems of the practice of assigning and executing criminal punishment in the form of restriction of freedom
Umarova M. A.
Anticorruption policy: foreign experience
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Babenko S. V.
Institute of rehabilitation in the Russian criminal process:practical aspects
Ignatova O. N.
Preliminary investigation in the context of a pandemic:ways to solve problems
Garanzha A. Yu., Avlasevich I. A., Nazarov A. D.
The reform of the Prosecutor’s supervision over operational-search activity
Postanyuk V. D.
Role of the lawyer at the preliminary investigation stage
Ivanova I. G., Erotskaya I. A.
Appointment and production of forensic examinations in Russian and German criminal proceedings:a comparative legal aspect
Kravets E. G., Ignatova E. A.
Bail as an alternative to detention
Krause S. V., Larionov V. N., Mokhorov D. A.
On the issue of the status of a representative of a regional bar association in the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation
Logachev K. K.
The identity of the victim in cases of violation of traffic rules and operation of vehicles
Popova О. А.
Provision of procedural deadlines by the head of the preliminary investigation department
Safonova Yu. S., Tokareva E. V., Shepeleva O. R.
Procedural aspects of applying security measures to witnesses and victims
Yusupov M. Yu., Tagirova Kh. A.
A retrospective analysis of the normative regulation of inquiry in the Charter of Criminal Procedure of 1864
Postanyuk V. D.
The role of a lawyer in the interrogation of a suspect or accused
Smolina M. M.
Implementation of victims’ rights and legitimate interests at the pre-trial investigation stage
Trifonova K. A.
Terms of detention under a special procedure for the movement of a criminal case in criminal proceedings
Shuvalov N. V., Kuzmin S. V., Kravets E. G.
About some problem aspects of compensation for harm to victims
Schelkonogova I. S.
Gaps and conflicts concerning lawyers and investigators in the provisions of Chapter 52 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation
Ismailov S. S., Rajabov Sh. R.
Certain aspects of the legal status of a witness in modern criminal proceedings
Kangezov M. R., Shavkarova E. E.
Procedural aspects of enforcement of the right to involvement of a private part in criminal proceedings
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Girenok G. A.
The peculiarities of work organization in the prisons of the Nordic countries
Kopylova L. Ya.
The labour of convicts in places of deprivation of liberty – an obligation or a compulsion?
Malikova N. B., Maloletkina N. S.
Problems of the legislative definition of a suspended sentence
Marchenko D. E.
Features of legal regulation of working hours and time of rest of penal system employees
Rastoropov S. V., Gorshkova N. A.
Problems of legislative penalization of IT-crimes under the pandemic of coronavirus infection
Mikheeva S. V.
Problems encountered in ensuring the regime in Russian prisons
Nistratova I. S.
Problematic aspects of the legal status of convicts with socially significant diseases in prison
Polosukhina O. V.
Comparative characteristics of punishment in the form of compulsory (community) work in Russia and the Republic of Azerbaijan
Sizov D. G.
Ensuring the personal safety of convicts in correctional institutions
Ozerskiy S. V., Kameneva I. M
Legal and organizational aspects of the use of the contactless face identification technology
Titova O. Z.
Problematic issues of legal regulation of the necessary defense in the activities of an employee of the penal system
Ulendeeva N. I.
Quality of management decisions: problems of definition and approaches to its assessment
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Antonov V. V.
Some questions of homicide investigation
Kodzokova L. A., Karchaeva K. A.
Features of inspection of premises and territories belonging to a legal entity or individual entrepreneur
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Sarycheva N. V., Bagdasarov V. Yu., Nechaeva N. B.
Features of self-serving crime prevention
Khutov K. M.
Subjects of preventive legal relations: concept and types
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Aripshev A. M.
The importance of the basics of personal security of police officers in the system of professional education of students studying in educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
Zinchenko N. V., Kormakov A. E.
On the provision of means of photo-video fixation of the additional entry test for physical training when entering the educational organizations of higher education of the system of the MIA of Russia
Kovaleva M. S.
Educational and preventive activities of criminal executive inspections in working with underage convicts
Kormakov A. E., Zinchenko N. V.
Features of organization and checking the level of physical preparedness of the permanent staff of educational organizations of higher education of the MIA of Russia when checking different levels
Ordokov M. Kh.
Improving firepower training of internal affairs officers
Rastoropova O. V.
Heuristic approaches to the use of artificial intelligence in the information support of the Prosecutor’s office
 
JUDICIARY
Kodzokova L. A., Kashirgov A. Kh.
The powers of the prosecutor in criminal proceedings
Kuliev I. B.
System of investigative actions and their importance for criminal proceedings
Kushkhov R. Kh., Animokov I. K.
Classification and role of evidence in criminal proceedings
Makogon I. V.
On some aspects of the institution of civil action in criminal proceedings
Redkina E. N., Sukharenko E. A.
Creation and activity of judicial community bodies in the Republic of Crimea at the present stage
 
ANTICORRUPTION LAW
Taova L. Yu., Tolgurova Z. H.
On the question of corruption prevention measures in the state authorities
 
POLICY AND LAW
Fadeev K. V.
Specifics of studying the problem of apolitism in the public environment through the prism of conceptual and theoretical analysis
 
STATE AND LAW
Batyrev D. N., Bormandzhieva M. A. Kekeeva G. A.
Legal regulation of transport security on the example of the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China
Dadova Z. I., Buraeva L. A.
Preservation of historical memory as a factor patriotism preserving
Lanovoy V. G.
Form of state: the notion, essence and system characteristics
Mokhorov D. A., Mokhorova A. Yu., Demidov V. P.
Role of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation in the fight against corruption
Novikov B. M.
Public participation in urban planning:Russia and foreign experience
Stellman I. Yu.
On the issue of state power unity
Tsapanova S. S.
The functions of the state as the main directions of internal and external activities of the state mechanism
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Abazov A. B.
The 2020 Constitution of the Russian Federation as a guarantor of social protection in a modern state
Antipov E. G.
Administrative supervision in the region of fire safety:concept and signs
Aripshev A. M.
Some questions about the effectiveness of information security
Zhukov A. Z.
Information terrorism in the modern world: developing a countermeasures strategy
Makoeva E. R., Mazdogova Z. Z.
The essence of extremism, methods of its prevention among the personnel of internal affairs bodies
Misrokov T. Z., Teppeev A. A.
Coordination of joint efforts to counter terrorism within the framework of the Commonwealth of Independent States
Fedosov A. V., Kutuzova I. S., Galimova A. R., Iziliaeva L. O.
Analysis of regulatory documents in the field of professional risk assessment
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Gabitova E. G., Gadzhiomarova A. I., Shugaibova B. A.
Problems of modern education during the pandemic
Drovaleva L. S., Roshchevskiy A. I., Roshchevskaya E. V.
Digitalization of the judicial system of the Russian Federation and its impact onto lawyers’ professional training system
Koblov F. Ch., Gutaev A. M.
To the question of the philosophy of the significance of the characterological characteristics of the personality of the teacher of educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in the educational process
Makhmudova P. M., Kabysh N. F.
Monitoring as a way to study the effectiveness and efficiency of the educational process in college
Sultanmagomedova L. N., Gimbatova N. D., Kazanbieva M. K.
Medical education during COVID-19
Cherkesov S. Kh., Abidov R. R.
Some features of the formation of the idea of the essence of cognitive processes among students who are trained in professional training programs
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Samvelyan T. G., Popova A. A.
Socio-political situation in assessments of Tyumen students
 
LANGUAGE AND LAW
Makaev Kh. F., Makaeva G. Z.
Consideration of differences in semantics and variabilityby translating of some components of multicomponent juridical terms in Russian and English
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Zashchitina E. K., Kochergina T. E.
Prospects for the EduNet market formation in the global economy
Ibragimov M. T., Magomedova F. K., Dzhamalutdinova R. M.
Economic problems of modern society during the pandemic
Ignatjeva O. N., Tovysheva I. Z.
The relationship between local administration and business entities as the basis of the economic stability of the municipality
Gryaznov S. A.
The new data economy
Radyukova Y. Yu., Khudoborodov S. M.,
Sutyagin V. Yu., Cherkashnev R. Yu.
Capital outflow from Russia: causes and effects
Tolikova E. E., Koltyshev V. V.
Issues of sustainable customs infrastructure development
Ignatjeva O. N., Yumaguzhina G. R.
Problems of formation of social responsibility among modern youth
Pavlov S. O.
Modern methods for assessing the competitiveness of IT companies
Galinurova K. R.
Transformation of organizational management models in the context of a pandemic crisis
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Bondarenko V. N.
Science in the worldview system (science, mysticism and philosophy)
Maltsev K. G., Alaverdyan A. L.
Modern political philosophy and the “myth of the nation” of K. Hubner
Elkhova O. I., Kudryashev A. F.
Ontological images of contemporary science
Pozdyaeva S. M., Khismatullina G. G.
Cross-cultural communication in a changing sociality
Sabekiya R. B.
«Death of the subject» in postmodern educational space:simulacra of the digitalization era
Shizhenskiy R. V., Shlyakhov M. Yu.
To the question of the ideological «portrait» of Iron din repesentatives (according to the questionnaire survey of the participants of the Rekom sanctuary festival)
Chudina-Shmidt N. V., Kovsh S. V.
The extreme subject as an agent and contractor of the cyber crime
Yashin A. N.
Axiological aspect of justice in the philosophy of Russian justice of the 9th-19th centuries
Vasiljeva E. N.
The possibilities of art on the way to transformation
Vinogradova N. V. Gallyamova A. R.
Project activities of technical university students in the study of social and humanitarian disciplines
Avdonin A. N.
On the foundations of social foresight. Part 1 (Alternative-attractor approach to the war of 1941-1945 and modernity)
 
INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS
EURASIAN INTEGRATION
Nazarova A.U., Pavlova O.A.
Economic and legal problems and prospects for the development of common oil and gas markets of the EAEU
The article concerns the main development prospects and problems of the establishing of common gas and oil markets in the EAEU.
The interaction of the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union is carried out on the basis of the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union of May 29, 2014. The signing of this agreement reflected the desire of the EAEU member states to generate a common economic space in the energy sector. Since the energy sector has specific features in the field of legal regulation and economic cooperation in the Eurasian space.
Keywords: common energy market, EAEU, oil and gas industry, integration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Guliev I.A., Mehdiev Je.T., Litvinjuk I.I. Sotrudnichestvo stran tamozhennogo sojuza i edinogo jekonomicheskogo prostranstva v jenergeticheskoj sfere // Juvenis Scientia. 2016. #4. S. 41-44.
2. Guliev I.A., Mekhdiev E.T. The role of fuel and energy sector in the Eurasian economic community integration process // International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy. 2017. T. 7. # 2. S. 72-75.
3. Guliev I., Litvinjuk I. Rol' Rossii v razvitii mirovoj neftepererabatyvajushhej promyshlennosti // Mirovoe i nacional'noe hozjajstvo.2015. # 2 (33). S. 83-100.

INTERNATIONAL LAW
Dolzhenkova E., Mokhorova A. Yu., Gogoleva V. V.
Hidden opportunities of European and international law for countries with “immature” democracy
The article examines examples of how the member states of the European Union violate the norms adopted in the Union, as well as the norms of international law, provided that they previ-ously stood for these norms. This issue is considered on the example of countries that became members of the European Union in 2004. Latvia and Poland deserve special attention. The arti-cle examines their domestic policy, as well as the relations of the Latvian and Polish governments with Brussels.
Keywords: democracy, supremacy, Russian-speaking population, European Union, Lat-via, Poland.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borec za «tradicionnye cennosti» Andzhej Duda pobedil na vyborah prezidenta Pol'shi / BBC. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.bbc.com/russian/news-53384755.
2. Vybory v Pol'she: «Pravo i spravedlivost'» pobedila, no poterjala senatskoe bol'shinstvo / BBC.https://www.bbc.com/russian/news-50043719.
3. Evropejskij parlament na uproshhennom jazyke. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://europarlamentti.info/ru/Cennosti-i-celi/cennosti/.
4. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: 2-e izdanie / Vol'fgang Graf Vitctum [i dr.], per. s nem. – M.: Infotropik Media, 2015.
5. Memorandum pravitel'stvu Latvii «Ocenka progressa, dostignutogo v realizacii rekomendacij komissara Soveta Evropy po pravam cheloveka ot 2003 goda». –Strasburg. 16 maja 2007 goda.
6. Ramochnaja konvencija o zashhite nacional'nyh men'shinstv. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://rm.coe.int/168007cddc.
7. Postulaty Prawa i Sprawiedliwości. Analizujemy program oraz działania partii rządzącej / IDEOLOGIA.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ideologia.pl/program-partii-prawo-i-sprawiedliwosc/.
 
INTERNATIONAL
LAW
Mirzayev F.S.
Practice of international judicial bodies, arbitrations and international organisations on application of uti possidetis principle
This paper studies the practice of applying the principle of uti possidetis by various international judicial bodies, arbitration tribunals and international organisations. The author considers to the practice of applying the principle on various continents at various historical periods. A special attention is paid to the practice of the International Court of Justice of the United Nations as well as specific ad hoc arbitration courts that considered various territorial and boundary disputes, and in some cases applied the principle of uti possidetis. The main methods applied by the author for the research purposes are historical, legal analysis and comparative methods. It is concluded that that a widespread application of uti possidetis principle has led to its transformation into a general principle of international law, which plays a positive role in resolving territorial and border disputes.
Keywords: principles of international law, principle of uti possidetis, state practice, international customary law, territorial and boundary disputes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vylegzhanin A.N., Kalamkarjan R.A. Mezhdunarodnyj obychaj kak osnovnoj istochnik mezhdunarodnogo prava // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 2012. - # 6. - S. 78-89.
2. Vylegzhanin A.N., Kolosov Ju.M., Maleev Ju.N., Bekjashev D.K. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo. - M.: Jurajt, 2012.
3. Mirzaev F. Evropejskij opyt primenenija uti possidetis: Alandskij spor // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - # 2. - C. 32-41.
4. Mirzaev F. Primenenie principa uti possidetis na afrikanskom kontinente // Moskovskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava. - 2016. - #4. - C. 73-81.
5. Mirzaev F. Princip uti possidetis v sovremennom mezhdunarodnom prave i ego primenenie na postsovetskom prostranstve: Teorija i praktika // Pravo i Politika. - 2004. - # 6 (54). - S. 43-53.
6. Mirzaev F. Princip uti possidetis: istorija zarozhdenija // Moskovskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava. - 2014. - # 4 (96). - S. 56-72.
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8. Mirzaev F.S. Pogranichnyj spor Burkina-Faso protiv Mali i ego znachenie v opredelenii i utverzhdenii roli principa uti possidetis // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2017. - #6 (109). - S. 18-22.
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Namibia case) / ICJ Rep. - The Hague, 1999. - P. 1045.
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INTERNATIONAL LAW
Trofimtseva S.Yu.
The problems of harmonizing the criminal legislation of the CIS countries in the field of countering cyber crime
The article analyzes the issues related to the formation of uniform criminal norms that criminalize socially dangerous acts in the cybersphere. A comparative analysis of the implementation of the recommendations of the CIS legislation in the criminal laws of the CIS countries is carried out.
Keywords: cybercrime, computer crimes, legislation of the CIS states on cybercrime, the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Trofimceva S. Ju., Iljushin D. A. Nekotorye aspekty kvalifikacii komp'juternyh prestuplenij v Rossijskoj Federacii i Respublike Kazahstan //Құқyқtyқ zhүjenің қazіrgі kezdegі damuynyң negіzgі baғyttary zhәne bolashaғy: Қazaқstan tәuelsіzdіgіnің
25-zhyldyғyna arnalғan halyқaralyқ ғylymi-tәzhіribelіk konferencijanyң materialdary. – Almaty, «SaGa», 2017. – S. 139-146.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Rustamova L.R.
Problems and prospects of Germany’s participation in peacekeeping missions abroad at the present stage
Until now a feature of Germany’s peacekeeping missions abroad is the low probability of the Bundeswehr’s participation in direct hostilities. The humanitarian nature provided support for such operations by the population and at the same time helped to prove the international importance of Germany, to show that it fulfills its obligations to the allies. However, in recent years, the discussion about the growing inequality between the country’s foreign policy ambitions, for example, regarding a permanent seat on the UN Security Council and its political inability to participate in military operations with all the ensuing consequences, has been louder and louder. This article examines specific examples of such operations, as well as analyzes the main problems standing in the way of expanding the military involvement of the Bundeswehr abroad.
Keywords: Bundeswehr, peacekeeping, humanitarian aid, security, anti-terrorist operation, NATO, White Book.
Work bibliographic list
1. Mishanov S.A. Sovremennoe sostojanie i aktual'nye problemy bundesvera (po materialam zarubezhnyh istochnikov) // Voennyj akademicheskij zhurnal. 2019. # 2 (22). S. 155-162.
2. Rustamova L.R. «Cirijskij vopros» v politike FRG // Voprosy politologii. 2018. T. 8. # 12 (40). S. 1218-1223.
3. Stepanova E.A. Uchastie vooruzhennyh sil v operacijah nevoennogo tipa // Voennaja mysl'. 2002. #3. S. 71-76.
4. Rustamova L.R. Soft power strategy in German foreign policy // Vlaams Marxistisch Tijdschrift. 2015. # 4. S. 17-22.
5. Trunov F.O. Politika FRG v NATO na sovremennom jetape: problemy i perspektivy // Aktual'nye problemy Evropy. 2019. # 4. S. 114-134.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Nguyen T.K.A.
Ensuring human rights in the construction of hydroelectric power stations (HPS) on the international Mekong river
The article analyzes the issues of international legal protection of the rights of vulnerable groups’ population living along the Mekong River. It has been established that the main problems for vulnerable groups’ population in this region are the overexploitation of water resources and climate change. The article indicates that despite the effective work of various international mechanisms and cooperation initiatives in the Mekong River Basin, states are far from always able to fully protect and guarantee human rights, especially for vulnerable groups such as women, children, national minorities and indigenous peoples. The study revealed that the situation is aggravated by the construction of hydroelectric power stations according to the main reading of the river. The Mekong and its tributaries and climate change, which lead to significant changes in the ecosystem. As a result, the populations of the Mekong River Basin, especially vulnerable groups, face the following problems: economic basis of life is undermined, access to safe drinking water is hampered, food security is undermined and fisheries are reduced.
Keywords: human rights, vulnerable group, hydroelectric power station, fishing, lack of clean drinking water, pollution by heavy metals.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abashidze A. H., Solncev A. M. Podzemnye vody novyj ob"ekt mezhdunarodno-pravovogo regulirovanija // Mezhdunarodnoe pravo - International Law.- 2009. - # 1. - S. 180-201.
2. Solncev A. M. Sovremennoe mezhdunarodnoe pravo o zashhite okruzhajushhej sredy i jekologicheskih pravah cheloveka. Monografija - M: Knizhnyj dom «LI-BROKOM», 2015.
3. Abashidze A. K., Solntsev A. M., Akshalova R. D. Climate change mitigation and renewable energy sources: international legal issues // Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems (sm. v knigah). - 2020. - T. 129. - LNNS. - S. 1068-1075.
4. Baran. E. Mekong fisheries and mainstream dams. In Fisheries sections in ICEM 2010 Mekong River Commission Strategic Environmental Assessment of hydropower on the Mekong mainstream // Hanoi, Vietnam: International Centre for Environmental Management. – 2010. - P. 145.
5. Christopher G. B. Dams, power and security in the Mekong: A non-traditional security assessment ofhydro-development in the Mekong River Basin // NTSAsia Research Paper. - # 8. – P. 8-10.
6. Fu K D, He D M. Analysis and prediction of sediment trapping efficiencies by dams on mainstream of Lancang River // Chinese Science Bulletin. -2007. - # 52. - P. 135.
7. Guy Ziv et al. (2012). Trading-off fish biodiversity, food security, and hydropower in the Mekong River Basin// Proceeding of National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. – 2012. - # 109 (15). - P. 5613.
8. Ian D. Rutherfurd, Murray C. Peel. The hydrology of the Mekong river. Chapter 4. The Mekong: Biophysical environment of an international river basin. Ed. IC. Campbell. Elsevier Publishers. - 2009. - P. 74.
9. Intralawan et al. Economic evaluation of hydropower projects in the Lower Mekong Basin. Chiang Rai, Thailand: Natural Resources and Environmental Management Research and Training Center, Mae Fah Luang University. – 2007. – P. 10.
10. Kaidao F. et al. Pollution assessment of heavy metals along the Mekong river and dam effects // Journal of geographical sciences. – 2012. - # 22. - P. 882.
11. Kent G. Hortle. Fisheries of the Mekong river basin. Chapter 9. The Mekong: Biophysical environment of an international river basin. Ed. IC. Campbell. Elsevier Publishers. - 2009. - P. 198
12. Mariza C. Costa-Cabral et al. Landscape structure and use, climate, and water movement in the Mekong river basin // Hydrological processes. – 2007. - # 22. - P. 1731.
13. MRC. Basin development plan programme. Phase 2. Regional irrigation sector review for joint basin planning process. - 2009. - P. 10.
14. Nadia Dhia Shkara. Water conflict on the Mekong river// International Journal of Contemporary research and review. – 2018. - Volume 09. - Issue - P. 20472.
15. Nicholas J. Souter et al. Using the freshwater health index to assess hydropower development scenarios in the Sesan, Srepok and Sekong river basin // Water. –2020. - # 12 (3). 788. - P. 2.
16. Richard Grunwald, Wenling Wang, Yan Feng. Modified transboundary water interaction nexus (TWINS):Xayaburi dam case study. Water. – 12 (710). - 2020.
17. Richard Stone. Dam-building threatens Mekong fisheries// Science. - 2016. - Vol. 354. - Issue 6316. - P. 1084.
18. So Nam et al. Lower Mekong fisheries estimated to be worth around $ 17 billion a year // Catch and Culture. Fisheries Research and Development in the Mekong Region. - Volume 21(3). - P. 4.
19. T. A. Cochrane et al. (2014). Historical impact of water infrastructure on water levels of the Mekong River and the Tonle Sap system // Hydrology and earth system science. – 2014. - # 18. - P. 4530.
20. Wagner F., Tran V. B, Renaud F. G. Groundwater resources in the Mekong delta: Availability, utilization and risks. In The Mekong delta system // Springer. -2012. - P. 217.
21. Yadu Pokhrel et al. A review of the integrated effects of changing climate, land use, and dams on Mekong river hydrology // Water. – 2018. - # 10 (266). - P. 2.
 
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW
KabahaMahdi F.M.
Killing women in defense of family honor in Palestine:criminological issues
The article’s subject is the question of honor killings of women as a honor rehabilitation acts, and also the researching of appropriate norms in the Palestinian criminal law. Based on the present research, the article’s author makes a number of conclusions about law norms, which regulate the frequency of honor killings, and about the practical using of these norms. Taken law measures are esteemed from two points of view: as a controlling factors preserving from crimes, and as a excusing measures relating to criminals.
Keywords: criminal law, Islamic law, the crime of honor, the Palestinian society.
Work bibliographic list
1. A/RES/48/104 Deklaracija ob iskorenenii nasilija v otnoshenii zhenshhin. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/violence.shtml (svobodnyj). – General'naja Assambleja OON, 1993.
2. Abd Al'-Hadi V. K. Ubijstvo chesti v palestinskom zakonodatel'stve. – Islamskij universitet, 2016.
3. Abdin Jessam. Analiticheskij dokument o zakonodatel'nom razreshenii ubivat' zhenshhin na pochve zashhity semejnoj chesti. – Al'-Hak. – S. 23.
4. Al'-Ashkar Hamad. Issledovanie ubijstv zhenshhin na pochve oskorbljonnoj chesti v Palestine: pravo i jurisprudencija. – 2014. – S. 45.
5. Al'-Masri I. Ubijstva chesti v Palestine: 2004-2006.– Birzejtskij universitet.
6. Aku Masud. Ubijstva v zashhitu chesti, razreshjonnye zakonom. – 2005. – S. 65.
7. Apelljacija po vysshej mere nakazanija 104/2000 (Ramalla). – Juridicheskij veb-sajt Qanoon, 2001.
8. Dzharadat Serin U. M. Delo Muhammeda Hassana. Kak ubijca vospol'zovalsja opravdaniem nakazanija: sravnitel'noe teoreticheskoe issledovanie. – Tom 45, #4, dopolnenie 3/2018. – Iordanskij universitet, 2018.
9. Zhenshhiny, spasajushhie dushi. Ubijstvo zhenshhin v Palestine v sootvetstvii s realijami obshhestva i zakonom. – Zhenskij centr pravovoj i social'noj orientacii, 2013. – S. 35.
10. Issledovanie voprosa o prioritizacii problem zhenshhin v Sektore Gaza. – Centr po delam zhenshhin. –Gaza, 2009. – S. 35.
11. Kofrekjan Nadra. Ubijstvo zhenshhin v palestinskom obshhestve. – 2001. – S. 43.
12. Luna Suad. Lokal'nye rekomendacii po sokrashheniju masshtabov nasilija v otnoshenii zhenshhin na Zapadnom beregu i v Sektore Gaza. – Upravlenie Verhovnogo komissara po pravam cheloveka, 2009. – S. 7.
13. Tanan Vesal. Ubijstvo zhenshhin na pochve zashhity chesti. – «Golos obshhestva», 2019.
14. Ubijstva zhenshhin v filosofii mezhdu gospodstvujushhej kul'turoj i menjajushhimisja trebovanijami obshhestva. – Zhenskij centr po pravovym i social'nym voprosam, 2016. – S. 65.
15. Shadid Gada, Halajla Ajad. Analiz sudebnyh reshenij v otnoshenii zhenshhin, sovershivshih ubijstva.– 2011. – S. 54.
16. Shafi Nadir A. Prestuplenija chesti. – Zhurnal «My i zakon». – 2009. – # 289.
17. Jejssa Hanna. Ubijstva zhenshhin pod predlogom zashhity semejnoj chesti. – Organizacija Osvobozhdenija Palestiny, 2014.

INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Afanasjev A.A.
Ethical and other issues of international private law in the sphere of international transplantology
Тhe article is devoted to the key ethical issues of transplantation from the point of view of private international law. As part of the study of the topic, the paramount ethical problem of international transplantation activity is identified - the commercialization of this process, namely, the illegal sale and purchase of human organs and all the resulting negative consequences, for example, illegal activities of medical workers, information leakage from databases of medical organizations, theft of people and much more. Some recommendations are made to improve international regulation of this sphere of public relations and to eliminate the identified problem.
Keywords: law, religion, transplantology, transplantation, organs, person, society, international, legislation, organizations, regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ: po sost. 08.06.2020 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 1996. –# 25. – St. 2954.
2. Ob osnovah ohrany zdorov'ja grazhdan v RF: federal'nyj zakon ot 21.11.2011 # 323-FZ: po sost. 08.06.2020 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2011. – # 48. – St. 6724.
3. Boenko N. A. Istoriko-pravovye aspekty sozdanija mezhdunarodnyh organizacij v kontekste mezhdunarodnogo sotrudnichestva v sfere donorstva i transplantologii // Social'no-politicheskie nauki. –2016. – # 4. – S. 135-139.
4. Boenko N.A. K voprosu o sotrudnichestve gosudarstv v oblasti donorstva i transplantologii // Vestnik transplantologii i iskusstvennyh organov. – 2018.– # 4. – S. 107-111.
5. Galeeva G. R. Mezhdunarodno pravovoe sotrudnichestvo v sfere preduprezhdenija i presechenija nezakonnogo iz"jatija, oborota i transplantacii organov chelovecheskogo tela: avtoreferat dis. … na soisk. uch. step. kand. jur. nauk // FGAOU VO KFU, 2017. – 22 s.
6. Guryleva M. Je. Transplantacija organov i tkanej s pravovoj i jeticheskoj pozicii // Pravovye voprosy v zdravoohranenii. – 2015. – # 3. – S. 58-71.
7. Zharova M. Jeticheskie problemy transplantacii organov i tkanej // Nauchno kul'turologicheskij zhurnal: sajt. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.relga.ru/Environ/WebObjects/tgu-www.woa/wa/Main%3Ftextid%3D2726%26level
1%3Dmain%26level2%3Darticles (data obrashhenija:30.06.2020).
8. Hubulava G. G. Religiozno-jeticheskij aspekt transplantacii // Medicinskij al'manah. – 2015. – # 4.– S. 31-35.

THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Demina T.A., Vinogradova D.Yu.
Analysis of changes in the administrative-territorial structure and construction of the tax system of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
The article examines the management system and administrative structure of the Bessarabian territory at the beginning of the 19th century. For several decades, after the Bessarabian lands became part of the Russian Empire, the policy of the Russian government was aimed at changing the administrative and territorial structure of Bessarabia and was reduced to establishing uniformity of local and all-Russian systems of government.
The purpose of the article is to analyze changes in the administrative structure of the annexed territory and to consider the peculiarities of taxation of the population of Bessarabia, taking into account certain specifics of the tax system due to local features of the region’s development. The article examines the legislation of the 19th century regulating the tax system in Bessarabia, as well as analyzes the reforms of the Russian government that affect the restructuring of the entire tax system.
The study describes the main stages of Bessarabia’s entry into the all-Russian administrative and tax system. The main conclusion of the authors is that the gradual introduction of the all-Russian provincial administration, the restrained and systematic spread of the all-Russian tax legislation gave advantages to the region for its favorable development.
Keywords: administrative-territorial structure, Bessarabia, local law, taxation, lease system, Russian Empire, cinot.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ancupov I.A., Zhukov V.I. Reformy v upravlenii Bessarabiej s 1812 po 1828 g. // Uchenye zapiski Kishinevskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. T. XXVI. - Kishinev: Shtiinca, 1957.
2. Vasil'chikov A. O samoupravlenii. Sravnitel'nyj obzor russkih i inostrannyh zemskih obshhestvennyh uchrezhdenij. T.II. - SPB.: Tip. V.V. Pratc, 1872.
3. Golovko L.V. Bessarabija i Rossija. - Bel'cy: tip. Ja.I. Pinkenzona, 1912.
4. Grosul Ja.S. Krest'jane Bessarabii (1812 – 1861 gg.). - Kishinev: Shtiinca, 1956.
5. Istorija PMR: uchebnik / pod red. V.Ja Grosula. T. 1. - Tiraspol': RIOPGU, 2000.
6. Raevskij V.F. Sochinenija. - Ul'janovsk, 1961.
7. Stati V. Istorija Moldavii. - Kishinev: Shtiinca, 2002.
8. Fedorov G.K. Gosudarstvenno-administrativnoe ustrojstvo Bessarabii (1812-1917 gg.). - Kishinev: Shtiinca, 1974.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Gayvoronskaya Ya.V., Miroshnichenko O.I.
Between Scylla and Charybdis: ethical problems of legal regulation in the context of technological revolution
The paper generalizes the ethical problems of digitalization that hinder the development of legal regulation of new technologies.
During the digital revolution, it is impossible to expect the natural, evolutionary emergence of new rules and ethical standards. Similar to artificial intelligence (AI), these rules must be artificially developed in order to align the interests of technological progress and social
stability. For the purpose of creating legal regulation of the use of AI and other technologies, the authors propose a typology of ethical problems caused by digitalization. First, ethical dilemmas that cannot be resolved logically, but need a conventional solution for the industrial implementation of AI-based technologies. Secondly, problems that are negative futurological forecasts of the development of society due to the spread of new technologies, and therefore also have an ethical color. Depending on the scope of public relations covered, the authors identified three groups of ethical problems of global digitalization, which are considered in the paper: philosophical, humanitarian, and socio-ethical problems.
In conclusion, the authors are analyzing the principles of AI regulation that are currently being studied at the doctrinal and international levels.
Keywords. artificial intelligence, digitalization, roboethics, legal regulation, ethical dilemmas, digital technologies, robots.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antipova A. V., Tilichenko I. V. Social'nye problemy robototehniki // Molodezhnyj nauchno-tehnicheskij vestnik: jelektronnyj zhurnal. – 2016. – # 11. – S. 54.
2. Baranov P. P. Pravovoe regulirovanie robototehniki i iskusstvennogo intellekta v Rossii: nekotorye podhody k resheniju problemy // Severo-Kavkazskij juridicheskij vestnik. – 2018. – # 1. – S. 39-45.
3. Vejcenbaum Dzh. Vozmozhnosti vychislitel'nyh mashin i chelovecheskij razum. Ot suzhdenij k vychisleniem / per. s angl. I. B. Gurevicha. – M.: Radio i svjaz', 1982. – 368 s.
4. Golenkov S. I. Iskusstvennyj intellekt i problemy jetiki // Diagnostika sovremennosti: global'nye vyzovy – individual'nye otvety. Samara, 29-30 ijulja 2017 g. Sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj nauchnoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem
/ Otv. red. Ju. A. Razinov. – Samara: Izdatel'stvo:Samarskaja gumanitarnaja akademija, 2018. – 260 s.
5. Karpov V. Je., Gotovcev P. M., Rojzenzon G. V. K voprosu ob jetike i sistemah iskusstvennogo intellekta // Filosofija i obshhestvo. – 2018. – # 2. – S. 84-105.
6. Lorija E., Nodel'man V. Igry bez razuma: chto nam dast i chego lishit iskusstvennyj intellekt (interv'ju s jekspertami «Izvestij») // Izvestija. – 19 aprelja. – 2019.
7. Malysheva G. A. O social'no-politicheskih vyzovah i riskah cifrovizacii rossijskogo obshhestva // Vlast'. – 2018. – # 1. – S. 40-46.
8. Morhat P. M. Iskusstvennyj intellekt: pravovoj vzgljad: Nauchnaja monografija. – M.: Buki Vedi, 2017. –257 s.
9. Ogorodov D. V. Problemy jeticheskoj i pravovoj reglamentacii sistem iskusstvennogo intellekta (robototehniki): obzor kruglogo stola IP Foruma //Zhurnal suda po intellektual'nym pravam. – Mart 2018. – S. 52.
10. Petrenko M. N. Iskusstvennyj intellekt: o problemah pravovogo statusa // Nauchno-prakticheskij jelektronnyj zhurnal «alleja nauki». –2018. –# 1(17). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: Alleyscience.ru.
11. Ponomarenko G. S. Ob jeticheskih problemah sovremennoj robototehniki // Politehnicheskij molodezhnyj zhurnal. –2016. –# 5. –S. 3-4.
12. Rojzenzon G. V. Problemy formalizacii ponjatija jetiki v iskusstvennom intellekte // Shestnadcataja nacional'naja konferencija po iskusstvennomu intellektu s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem KII-2018. Trudy konferencii: v 2-h tomah. –M.: Izdatel'stvo: Federal'noe gosudarstvennoe predprijatie «Informacionnoe telegrafnoe agentstvo Rossii (ITAR-TASS)» filial «Rossijskaja knizhnaja palata», 2018. –202 s.
13. Rjabuhina V. V. Iskusstvennyj intellekt –beskorystnyj pomoshhnik ili monstr Frankenshtejna. Filosofsko-kul'turologicheskij podhod k probleme jetiki robotov // Iskusstvennyj intellekt:jeticheskie problemy «cifrovogo obshhestva». Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Sostavitel' i nauchnyj redaktor V. O Sheleketa. –Belgorod: Izdatel'stvo: Belgorodskij gosudarstvennyj tehnologicheskij universitet im. V. G. Shuhova, 2018. –202 s.
14. Chichkareva N. A. Problemy iskusstvennogo intellekta s tochki zrenija jetiki // V sbornike: Rossija i mir v novoe i novejshee vremja - iz proshlogo v budushhee materialy XXV jubilejnoj ezhegodnoj mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii: v 4 tomah. –SPb.:Izdatel'stvo: Sankt-Peterburgskij gosudarstvennyj universitet promyshlennyh tehnologij i dizajna, 2019. –S. 284-286.
15. Inshakova A. O., Frolova E. E., Rusakova E. P., Kovalev S. I. The model of distribution of human and machine labor at intellectual production in industry 4.0 // Journal of Intellectual Capital. –2020. –Vol. 21. –# 4. –P. 601-622.
16. Jyoti Dabass, Bhupender Singh Dabass.Scope of artificial intelligence in Law. DOI: 10.20944/preprints201806.0474.v
17. Gupta Pallavi. Artificial Intelligence: Legal Challenge in India. CASS Studies. May 2019 –Vol. 3. - Issue- 1. -Addendum 9 (Special Issue). –P. 133-141.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Mayakunov A.E.
On the subject of the sociology of law
This article deals with the debatable problem of the subject-object specificity of the sociology of law. We give an analysis of two polar opinions of scientists (sociologists and legal scholars) on the scientific status of sociology of law in the Russian historical retrospective. We also reveal the reasons for the low levels of trust in the subject-object nature of this science among two conditional camps of researchers in the history of its formation and evolution. We note the importance of constructing cross-scientific, interdisciplinary objectivity of a relatively new legal discipline in Russian science. Lastly, we emphasise the role and significance of the interdisciplinary synthesis of sociological and legal research.
Keywords: scientific status, subject and methodology of the sociology of law, theoretical, scientific and practical functions of legal sociology, discrepancies in determining the scientific status of sociology of law among legal scholars and other humanitariansresearchers, interdisciplinary synthesis in sociological and legal research.
Work bibliographic list
1. Berzhel' Zh.-L. Obshhaja teorija prava / Pod obshhej red. V.I. Danilenko/ per. s fr. – M.: Izd. dom: Nota bene. 2000. – 576.
2. Varchuk V. V. Sociologija prava – otrasl' sociologii // Socis. – 1996. – # 10. – S. 102-109.
3. Deti-prestupniki: Sb. st. s predisloviem i pod red. Gerneta M.N. – M.: Izd-vo: «Sovremennik», 1912. – 579 s.
4. Djurkgejm Je. O razdelenii obshhestvennogo truda. Metod sociologii / per. s fr. i posleslovie A.B. Gofmana. – M.: Nauka, 1990. – 575 s.
5. Zhukov V.N. Sociologija prava v Rossii: vtoraja polovina XIX – pervaja tret' XX v.: teoretiko-metodologicheskij aspekt: avtoref. dis. … na soisk. uch. step. d.ju.n. – M.: Izd-vo MGU, 2015. – 46 s.
6. Karbon'e Zh. «Juridicheskaja sociologija / per. s fr.– M.: Inostrannaja literatura, 1986. – 352 s.
7. Lapaeva V.V. Sociologija prava: v poiskah svoej paradigmy // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1992. – # 7. – S. 20-28.
8. Levanskij V.A. Modelirovanie v social'no-pravovyh issledovanijah. – L., 1986. – 308 s.
9. Maslovskaja E.V., Maslovskij M.V. Sociologija prava kak otrasl' sociologii: koncepcii zarubezhnyh issledovatelej // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo. Serija social'nye nauki. – 2012. – # 1 (25). – S. 79-83.
10. Suslov V.A. Konkretnye issledovanija i razvitie sociologii prava. – L.: Nauka, 1983. – 178 s.
11. Tumanov V. A. Vstup. Stat'ja k kn. Zh. Karbon'e «Juridicheskaja sociologija / per. s fr. –M.: Inostrannaja literatura, 1986. –S. 5-12.
12. Firsov B.M. Istorija sovetskoj sociologii 1950 –1980-h godov. Kurs lekcij. –SPb.: Izdatel'stvo Evropejskogo universiteta v Sankt-Peterburge. 2001. –294 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Oisungurov I.M.
Contract and agreement in the regulation of land-legal relations in Dagestan
Аt present, land and legal relations and features of their legal regulation are of particular importance. Meanwhile, current trends in this area should be taken into account in conjunction with historical developments, in particular in the field of contractual relations.The application of the treaty and agreement played a significant role in the formation and development of land and legal relations in Dagestan. At the same time, the relationship between the application of the treaty and the agreement has changed at different historical stages. The study identified certain positive aspects and disadvantages.
Keywords: land and legal relations, Dagestan, contract, agreement, legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abdullabekova A.Je. Chastnoe (mjul'kovoe) zemlevladenie v Dagestane v XVIII-pervoj polovine XIX vv.: avtoreferat dis. ... kandidata istoricheskih nauk. Mahachkala, 2005. 26 s.
2. Adalova Z.D. Zemel'nyj vopros v Dagestane v konce XIX – nachale XX v. // Voprosy istorii.2010. # 8. C. 145-150.
3. Aliev B.G., Murtazaev A.O. Zemel'nye otnoshenija v Dagestane v trudah professora A.R. Shihsaidova //Istorija, arheologija i jetnografija Kavkaza. 2018. T. 14. # 4. S. 44-52.
4. Gadzhieva A.I. Kategorii feodal'noj znati v Dagestane: XVIII – pervaja polovina XIX veka: dis. ... kandidata istoricheskih nauk. Vladikavkaz, 2012. 195 s.
5. Dzhabaeva T.Ch. Social'naja struktura i zemel'nye otnoshenija v Dagestane v pervoj polovine XIX veka:avtoreferat dis. ... kandidata istoricheskih nauk. Mahachkala, 2006. 27 s.
6. Ibragimova P.A. Soslovno-pozemel'nye otnoshenija v Dagestane vo vtoroj polovine XIX - nachale XX v. //Manuskript. 2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/soslovnopozemelnye-otnosheniya-v-dagestane-vo-vtoroypolovine-xix-nachale-xx-v (data obrashhenija: 05.09.2020).
7. Magomedov A.R., Magomedov Z.M. Zemel'no-pravovye otnoshenija v Dagestane XV – XVII vv. M.: Sandra, 2017. 164 s.
8. Ojsungurov I.M. Formy Zemlevladenija i zemlepol'zovanija v Dagestane v XVI – XIX vv. (istoriko-pravovoj aspekt) // Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. 2019. # 10 (178). S. 50-52.
9. Surovikina N.A. Stanovlenie i razvitie zemel'nyh otnoshenij na Severnom Kavkaze v XIX veke: Istoriko-pravovoj aspekt: dis. ... kandidata juridicheskih nauk. Sankt-Peterburg, 2003. 195 s.
10. Halifaeva A.K. Agrarnaja reforma v Dagestane vo vtoroj polovine XIX v. // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Severo-Kavkazskij region. 2004. # 4. S. 82-88
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Osmonbaeva K.M.
Legal means as the main tools for the management of human resources in the universities of humanitarian orientation
The article considers legal means (labor contract and collective agreement) as tools for the management of personnel of humanitarian universities. Despite the fact that the employment contract at the university regulates the employment relationship of the university with a specific teacher, in general, it is a regulator of public relations between all teachers and administration and it can be considered as a tool for personnel management. The collective agreement by its action covers all employees of the humanitarian university, in which it operates and can also be a tool for personnel management at the university.
Keywords: legal means, labor contract, collective agreement, personnel management of universities.
Work bibliographic list
1. Mavrin S.T. Pravovye sredstva upravlenija trudom na predprijatii. - L.: LGU, 1989.
2. Osmonbaeva K.M. Osobennosti zakljuchenija, izmenenija i prekrashhenija trudovogo dogovora s pedagogicheskimi rabotnikami vuzov gumanitarnoj napravlennosti // Zhurnal nauchnyh publikacij aspirantov i doktorantov. - Kursk, 2015. - # 4.
3. Rekomendacija o statuse prepodavatel'skih kadrov, utverzhdjonnaja General'noj konferenciej JuNESKO ot 11 nojabrja 1997 goda.
4. Tatarinov A.A. Upravlenie personalom: sootnoshenie trudovogo prava i kadrovogo menedzhmenta: dis… kand. jurid. nauk. - Kirov, 2004.
5. Javich L.S. Obshhaja teorija prava. - L.: izd-vo LGU, 1976.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Romanovskaya V.B., Immaeva B.A.
International legal aspects of protecting society from destructive new religious movements
New religious movements are a marker of postmodern society. In the West, they appeared in the second half of the twentieth century, in Russia half a century later. Focusing on the results of the
activities of the most cruel destructive and totalitarian cults, the authors consider the international legal aspects of protecting society from destructive new religious movements, in order to take into account such experience when determining the legal policy in the field of state-confessional relations and the implementation of the constitutional rights of citizens to freedom of conscience.
Keywords: postmodernity, destructiveness, sect, new religious movements, totalitarian sects, self-immolation, mass suicide.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bastrykin A.I., Sal'nikov V.P., Romanovskaja V.B., Voronkov K.I. Antikriminogennaja resocializacija: zarubezhnyj opyt // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – T. 14. # 3. – C. 371-378. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://cj.bgu.ru/reader/archive.aspx?id=852 (data obrashhenija: 12.10.2020).
2. Pashkovskij V.Je., Shamrej V.K., Sofronov A.G., Dnov K.V., Rutkovskaja N.N. Suicidal'noe povedenie i religioznost' // Suicidologija. – 2015. – T. 6. – # 3(20).– S. 34. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://psychiatr.ru/download/2362?view=1&name(data obrashhenija: 07.10.2020).
3. Postanovlenie Evropejskogo parlamenta ot 12 fevralja 1996 g. «O sektah v Evrope». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://evolkov.net/cults/official.docs/eurprt96.html (data obrashhenija:02.10.2020).
4. Press-reliz Reshenija Soveta Evropy ot 22 ijunja 1999 goda «O pomoshhi zhertvam destruktivnyh kul'tov i chlenam ih semej». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://cddk.ru/gos_i_religia/f_law/raznoe/003.htm (data obrashhenija: 02.10.2020).
5. Rekomendacija Parlamentskoj Assamblei Soveta Evropy ot 5 fevralja 1992 g. # 1178 «O sektah i novyh religioznyh dvizhenijah». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://base.garant.ru/70390738/#ixzz6Zk5hxQMr (data obrashhenija:02.10.2020).
6. Reshenie Kabineta Ministrov Soveta Evropy «Sekty i novye religioznye dvizhenija. Rekomendacija Parlamentskoj Assamblei #1178 ot 1992 g.» (1994g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ruscan.narod.ru/kab_min_SE.htm (data obrashhenija:02.10.2020).
7. Sektovedenie. Totalitarnye sekty: opyt sistematicheskogo issledovanija / Aleksandr Dvorkin. – 3-e izd., dop. i pererab. – Nizhnij Novgorod: Hristianskaja b-ka, 2008. – 813 s. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://azbyka.ru/otechnik/sekty/sektovedenie-totalitarnye-sekty/1_2 (data obrashhenija:02.10.2020).
8. Charles Manson // FBI. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://vault.fbi.gov/Charles%20Manson/Charles%20Manson%20Part%2001%20of%2002/view (data obrashhenija: 10.10.2020).
9. Cult’s Founder Turned from Music to UFOs //Associated Press. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://news.google.com/newspapers?id (data obrashhenija: 10.10.2020).
10. Eileen Barker (ed.), New Religious Movements: A Perspective for Understanding Society. Pp. 393. (Edwin Mellen Press, 1982.) // Cambridge University Press. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/religiousstudies/article/eileen-barker-ed-new-religiousmovements-a-perspective-for-understandingsociety-pp-393-edwin-mellen-press-1982-4400-paper/28F03057F7334D13BA7544D8CC774E80 (data obrashhenija: 02.10.2020).
11. George Floyd: How to address America’s racial disparities // World Economic Forum. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/06/america-george-floyd-protests-nationalmanagement/(data obrashhenija: 29.09.2020).
12. Rod Usher, Near-Death Experience // Time. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://web.archive.org/web/20000816230815/http://www.time.com/time/magazine/1998/int/980119/europe.neardeath_experie15.html (data obrashhenija: 10.10.2020).
13. The Assassination of Representative Leo J. Ryan and the Jonestown, Guyana Tragedy // Time. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://web.archive.org/web/20030628183911/http://www.freedomofmind.com/resourcecenter/groups/p/peoplestemple/jonestown_doc_1.htm (data obrashhenija: 10.10.2020).
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Umarova K.U.
Legal understanding and enforcement: importance for implementing administrative and legal reform in Uzbekistan
In the article, the author writes about the importance of the legal understanding for the successful implementation of the development program of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021. The Concept of the Administrative Reform of 2017 envisages expected results and a “road map” with the forms and terms of implementation and responsible executors. The main form of realization is adoption of laws “On the basics of public administration”, amendment of existing laws, adopting a legislative regulations. The existing management system does not achieve its desired effect, and the introduction of new ones requires innovative modern solutions, including the development and adoption of practically effective laws. In this regard, the author expresses her vision of solutions to specific problems in the changing of the legal understanding: new assessments of the role of the state and the civil service, state participation in the management of the economy and
other spheres, the role and activities of parties in lawmaking and their competitiveness, and scientific justifications for distinguishing between public and private.
Keywords: law enforcement, law enforcement, administrative reforms in Uzbekistan.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abduhalilov A. Respublika Uzbekistan: jetapy i osobennosti administrativnyh reform // Central'naja Azija i Kavkaz. 2007. # 6. S. 23.
2. Bahrah D.N. Administrativnoe pravo Uchebnik dlja vuzov. M.: BEK, 1996. 368 s.
3. Moska G. Pravjashhij klass. Cerkvi, partii, sekty / per. s angl. i primech. T.N. Samsonovoj // Sociologicheskie issledovanija. 1994. # 10. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]: http://grachev62.narod.ru/hrest/chapt23.htm(data obrashhenija: 25.05 2018).
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Fastovich G.G., Ignatenko V.A.
The “self-isolation” regime introduced in connection with the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic and its impact on the legal culture of society: theoretical and legal aspect
The article analyzes the legal grounds for applying emergency legislation in the event of a threat of an emergency of a natural or man-made nature. The author conducted a theoretical and legal analysis of the legality of the introduction of the “self-isolation” regime in connection with the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic, as well as its impact on the legal culture of modern Russian society.
Keywords: Emergency Legislation, “High Alert”Regime, COVID-19 coronavirus, Pandemic, “Self-Isolation” Regime, Legal Culture.
Work bibliographic list
1. O zashhite naselenija i territorij ot chrezvychajnyh situacij prirodnogo i tehnogennogo haraktera: Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.12.1994 # 68-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 26.12.1994. # 35. St. 3648.
2. Vsemirnaja organizacija zdravoohranenija. Oficial'nyj sajt. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.who.int/ru (data obrashhenija: 22.04.2020).
3. Vorozhcov M.P. Chrezvychajnaja situacija // V sbornike: Nacional'naja bezopasnost' Rossii: aktual'nye aspekty: Sbornik izbrannyh statej VNPK. Sankt-Peterburg, 2020. S. 88-92.
4. Grishhenko T.A., Tulaev A.N. Predely i sredstva ogranichenija konstitucionnyh prav grazhdan v uslovijah chrezvychajnyh situacij // Pravo. Bezopasnost'. Chrezvychajnye situacii. 2020. # 1 (46). S. 20-25.
5. Ignatenko V.A. Social'nye reguljatory pervobytno-obshhinnogo stroja i pravovaja kul'tura sovremennogo rossijskogo obshhestva: teoretiko-pravovoj aspekt //Gumanitarnyj nauchnyj vestnik. 2020. # 2. S. 157-167.
6. Tepljashin I.V., Fastovich G.G. Kriterii jeffektivnosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma: obshheteoreticheskij analiz // Obshhestvo i pravo. 2011. # 4 (36). S. 43-47.
7. Tepljashin I.V. Fastovich G.G. Mesto i rol' organov mestnogo samoupravlenija v jeffektivnoj dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma sovremennoj Rossii// Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. 2011. # 12. S. 21-24.
8. Tkachev P.A., Mutalieva L.S., Tomilov M.N. Analiz pravovyh stimulov i ogranichenij v zakonodatel'stve o chrezvychajnyh situacijah // V sbornike: Organizacionno-pravovoe regulirovanie bezopasnosti zhiznedejatel'nosti v sovremennom mire: Sbornik materialov vtoroj mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii / pod red. Je.N. Chizhikova. 2018. S. 532-538.
9. Fastovich G.G., Bondarenko S.V. Modernizacija sistemy vysshego obrazovanija kak faktor povyshenija jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma //Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. 2019. # 1 (169). S. 29-31.
10. 11. Fastovich G.G., Kapsargina S.A. Institute of import substitution in the agro-industrial complex of modern Russia (theoretical and legal approach) – AGRITECH-II –2019 // IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmenatl Science. 2020. Vol. 421 (3). P. 032035. Doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/421/3/032035.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Chervyakov M.E., Shitova T.V.
On the question of effective management of the agroindustrial complex of the Russian Federation (on the example of analysis of the applicable legislation)
The article examines the main directions of effective state policy in the field of the agroindustrial
complex of modern Russia. The authors of the study come to the conclusion that the information and legal policy of the Russian state in the sphere of the agro-industrial complex equates the state of information policy of Russia as a whole. Many specific issues of regulation of the agrarian sector require additional legal regulation, which necessitates the publication of normative legal acts regulating the issues of information legal relations in the agro-industrial complex.
Keywords: agro-industrial sector, information policy, public authorities, state, efficiency, state
mechanism, electronic information accounting systems, effective management.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Doktrina informacionnoj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii» (utv. Ukazom Prezidenta RF ot 5 dekabrja 2016 g. # 646) // Konsul'tant-Pljus.
2. Bulgatova Ju.S., Dyrheev A.V. Informacionnye tehnologii kak sredstvo modernizacii gosudarstvennogo upravlenija v sovremennom obshhestve //Vestnik Burjatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Jekonomika i menedzhment. 2018. # 1. S. 8-15.
3. O Koncepcii informacionnoj politiki v Rossijskoj Federacii // Konsul'tant-Pljus.
4. Putin V.V. Vystuplenie na Peterburgskom mezhdunarodnom jekonomicheskom forume 7 ijunja 2016 g.
5. Tepljashin I.V. Fastovich G.G. Kriterii jeffektivnosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma: obshheteoreticheskij analiz // Obshhestvo i pravo. 2011. # 4 (36). S. 43-47.
6. Tepljashin I.V. Fastovich G.G. Mesto i rol' organov mestnogo samoupravlenija v jeffektivnoj dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma sovremennoj Rossii // Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. 2011. # 12. S 21-24.
7. Fastovich G.G. Bondarenko S.V. Modernizacija sistemy vysshego obrazovanija kak faktor povyshenija jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma // Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. 2019. # 1 (169). S. 29-31.
8. Fastovich G.G. Mezhdunarodnoe regulirovanie otnoshenij v sfere ispol'zovanija i ohrany zemel' // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. 2019. # 9 (177). S. 80-81.
9. Hohlova D.O. Informacionno-kommunikacionnye tehnologii i jelektronnoe pravitel'stvo // Social'no-jekonomicheskie nauki i gumanitarnye issledovanija. 2014. # 2. S. 133-134.
10. Fastovich G.G., Kapsargina S.A. Institute of import substitution in the agro-industrial complex of modern Russia (theoretical and legal approach) – AGRITECH-II – 2019 // IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmenatl Science. 2020. Vol. 421 (3). P. 032035. Doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/421/3/032035.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Chugaev V.V., Shitova T.V.
Social policy of modern Russia as one of the effectiveness criteria of the state mechanism
The article examines the issues of the effectiveness of the state mechanism from the point of view of studying the functioning of the social policy of the Russian Federation. The article substantiates the relevance of the topic, examines the priorities in their relationship with the basic principles of the development of the state mechanism of modern Russia. The research of priorities is carried out using strategic documents, regulatory legal acts that allow for the legal support of the development of social policy and mechanisms for supporting citizens. When analyzing scientific concepts, the author comes to the conclusion that there is a need for systematic and consistent development of social development programs.
Keywords: social policy, efficiency, state mechanism, state policy, development strategy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 # 7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 # 11-FKZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2014. # 31. st. 4398.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob osnovah social'nogo obsluzhivanija grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 28.12.2013 N 442-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2013. # 52. st. 7007.
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii v chasti ucheta i sovershenstvovanija predostavlenija mer social'noj podderzhki ishodja iz objazannosti sobljudenija principa adresnosti i primenenija kriteriev nuzhdaemosti» ot 29.12.2015 # 388-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2016. # 1. st. 8.
4. Poslanie Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii V.V. Putina Federal'nomu Sobraniju Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15.01.2020 g. // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2020. 20 janvarja.
5. Tepljashin I.V. Fastovich G.G. Kriterii jeffektivnosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma: obshheteoreticheskij analiz // Obshhestvo i pravo. 2011. # 4 (36). S. 43-47.
6. Tepljashin I.V. Fastovich G.G. Mesto i rol' organov mestnogo samoupravlenija v jeffektivnoj dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma sovremennoj Rossii// Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. 2011. # 12. S 21-24.
7. Fastovich G.G. Bondarenko S.V. Modernizacija sistemy vysshego obrazovanija kak faktor povyshenija jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma // Pravo
i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. 2019. # 1 (169). S. 29-31.
8. Chugaev V. V. Diskrecionnye polnomochija v mehanizme realizacii vlastnyh polnomochij glavoj gosudarstva v Velikobritanii v XVIII veke // Sovremennoe pravo. 2012. # 1. S. 167.
9. Shitova T.V. Sovremennye problemy sankcij v mezhdunarodnom prave // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. 2019. #3 (171). S. 90-91.
10. Fastovich G.G., Kapsargina S.A. Institute of import substitution in the agro-industrial complex of modern Russia (theoretical and legal approach) – AGRITECH-II –2019 // IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmenatl Science. 2020. Vol. 421 (3). P. 032035. Doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/421/3/032035.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Yunusov A.A., Yunusov S.A., Zherebtsova E.N.
Freedom and responsibility in the educational function of law
Freedom and responsibility are the foundation categories and values in common life. The author emphasizes the need to study these concepts as a whole in order to study the possibility of ensuring free and responsible behavior of the individual in society using the educational function of law. Freedom as a phenomenon of civilization brings with it such experience of previous generations, which allows us to educate an active, responsible citizen, including through the realization in law.
Today, responsibility as a person’s view allows us to establish within clear boundaries the relationship between the individual, society and the state. Ultimately, a person’s personality is formed through responsibility and binding norms, which is a condition for freedom of other subjects of law.
Keywords: responsibility, freedom, educational function, law, legal awareness, freedom of choice, motivation, unity, implementation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sandakova L.G., Postnikov A. N. Svoboda i otvetstvennost': razgranichenie smezhnyh ponjatij //Vestnik Burjatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Filosofija. 2019. Vyp. 3. S. 47-54.
2. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Kurs lekcij / Pod red. N.I. Matuzova i A.V. Mal'ko. 2-e izd., pererab. I dop. M.: Jurist", 2001. 776 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Fastovich G.G., Litvinova V.S., Ignatenko V.A.
Effective personnel policy as one of the criteria for the activity of the state mechanism
The article examines the main directions of the state personnel policy in the field of increasing the effective activity of the state mechanism of modern Russia. The authors of the article come to the conclusion that the state personnel policy is one of the criteria that make it possible to determine not only quantitative, but also qualitative indicators of the functioning of public authorities.
Key words: state bodies, efficiency, criteria, quantitative indicators, state personnel policy, social support, strategic planning.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nym zakonom ot 28 ijunja 2014 g. # 172-FZ «O strategicheskom planirovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_164841/.
2. Antonova N.V., Litvinova V.S.Formirovanie strategii upravlenija personalom instituta mezhdunarodnogo menedzhmenta i obrazovanija //Azimut nauchnyh issledovanij: jekonomika i upravlenie. 2019. T. 8. # 2(27). S. 53-56 ISSN 2309-1762.
3. Poslanie Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii Federal'nomu Sobraniju Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15.01.2020 g. // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2020. 16 janv.
4. Talanova N.V., Alekseeva N.V. Vzaimosvjaz' strategii upravlenija organizaciej i strategii upravlenija personalom // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta kooperacii. 2015. # 3 (21). S. 73-77.
5. Tepljashin I.V., Fastovich G.G. Kriterii jeffektivnosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma: obshheteoreticheskij analiz // Obshhestvo i pravo. 2011. # 4 (36). S. 43-47.
6. Tepljashin I.V., Fastovich G.G. Mesto i rol' organov mestnogo samoupravlenija v jeffektivnoj dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma sovremennoj Rossii// Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie.2011. # 12. S 21-24.
7. Fastovich G.G. Bondarenko S.V. Modernizacija sistemy vysshego obrazovanija kak faktor povyshenija jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma //Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. 2019. # 1 (169). S. 29-31.
8. Fastovich G.G., Kapsargina S.A. Institute of import substitution in the agro-industrial complex of modern Russia (theoretical and legal approach) – AGRITECH-II –2019 // IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmenatl Science. 2020. Vol. 421 (3). P. 032035. Doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/421/3/032035.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Filin A.Yu.
Concepts of social justice in the context of studying the modern state
The article is devoted to analysis of the problem of social justice and studying its role in the functioning of the Modern state. It considers and compares the main theoretical concepts of social justice and their influence on the essence and content of the state in Modernity. The author reviews the phenomenon of popularization of theories of just society and the role of the state in its construction and development in American political philosophy of the late twentieth century, analyzes the reasons for such a sharp increase and the same rapid decline in research interest in the theory of justice. The author reveals common features inherent in the seemingly opposite concepts of justice authored by John Rawls and Robert Nozick. Also considers the current state of the doctrine of justice. The author substantiates the importance of theoretical studies of social justice for understanding the essence and content of the state at the modern stage of development.
Keywords: modern state, essence of the state, social justice, theory of justice, liberalism, libertarianism, social state, minimal state, equality, balance of interests, values.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseeva T.A. Spravedlivost': moral'no-politicheskaja filosofija Dzhona Rolza. M., 1992. 194 s.
2. Aristotel'. Politika / Aristotel' : [per. s drevne-grech. S. Zhebeleva]. M.: RIPOL klassik, 2016. 528 s.
3. Gavrilova I.N. Sovremennye teorii social'noj spravedlivosti // Politija. 2009. # 1. S. 182-189.
4. Gobozov I.A. Gosudarstvo i nacional'naja identichnost': Globalizacija ili internacionalizacija? Izd. 2-e, stereotip. M.: LENAND, 2019. 200 s.
5. Kashnikov B. N. Liberal'nye teorii spravedlivosti i politicheskaja praktika Rossii / NovGU imeni Jaroslava Mudrogo. Velikij Novgorod, 2004. 260 s.
6. Nozik R. Anarhija, gosudarstvo i utopija. M.: IRI-SJeN, 2008. 424 s.
7. Rolz D. Teorija spravedlivosti: Per. s angl. / Nauch. red. I predisl. V.V. Celishheva. Izd. 2-e. M.: Izdatel'stvo LI, 2010. 536 s.
8. Sjendel M. Spravedlivost'. Kak postupat' pravil'no? / Majkl Sjendel; per. s angl. Aleksandra Kalinina. M.: Mann, Ivanov i Ferber, 2013. 352 s.
9. Filin A.Ju. Sushhnost' sovremennogo gosudarstva i problemy bezopasnosti, kul'turnoj identichnosti i social'noj spravedlivosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal, 2019. # 2 (139). S. 96-100.
10. Rawls J. Political Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. 525 p.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Yarmieva I.T.
Current trends in the development of the legal system of the Russian Federation
The article is devoted to modern trends in the development of the main components of the legal system of the Russian Federation: legal consciousness and legal doctrine, legal system and legislative system, law enforcement mechanism. The methods of analytical, retrospective, comparative legal, concrete historical, system-structural, formal-logical, technical and legal research are used. The prevailing trend in the modernization of legal consciousness and legal doctrine is a rollback to legal nihilism. The most significant trends at the level of the legal system and the system of legislation of the Russian Federation are: internationalization of domestic law;decentralization of legal regulation and expansion of the sphere of private legal regulation; formation, development and bringing into line with world standards of the procedural and procedural unit. At the level of the law enforcement mechanism and law enforcement, special attention is focused on the introduction of procedures for the activities of executive authorities.
Keywords: legal system, legal ideology, legal mentality, law formation, law enforcement, legal awareness, legal doctrine, legal system and legislation system, law enforcement mechanism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aznagulova G.M. Vzaimodejstvie mezhdunarodnogo i vnutrigosudarstvennogo prava i Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii // Lex Russica. – 2015. – # 8.– S. 84-95.
2. Aznagulova G.M. Global'naja pravovaja sistema: perspektivy formirovanija // Novyj universitet. Serija «Jekonomika i pravo». – 2012. – S. 51-52.
3. Aznagulova G.M. Pravovoj mentalitet i pravovaja ideologija sovremennogo rossijskogo obshhestva //Juridicheskaja mysl'. – 2014. – # 4. – S. 5-11.
4. Vasil'eva I.O. Tendencii razvitija sovremennoj pravovoj sistemy Rossii // Teorija gosudarstva i prava. – 2016. – # 4. – S. 18-24.
5. Gladkih V.M. Problema periodizacii razvitija pravovoj sistemy Rossii // Izvestija Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A.I. Gercena. – 2007. – # 1. – S. 25-28.
6. Luk'janova E.G. Pravovaja sistema Rossii: sovremennye tendencii razvitija // Trudy instituta gosudarstva i prava RAN. – 2016. – # 6. – S. 6-23.
7. Ljahova A.I. Tendencii razvitija sovremennogo rossijskogo prava i zakonodatel'stva // Nauchnye vedomosti. – 2011. – # 8. – S. 156-162.
8. Poljakova O.M. Nekotorye sovremennye tendencii razvitija pravovoj sistemy Rossii // Vestnik Juzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Pravo. – 2019. – # 23. – S. 11-16.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Bokareva T.S.
About the concept of «local self-government»:history and modernity
The article describes the historical experience of forming an idea of local self-government. The features of the functioning of local self-government in the period of the Russian Empire and in modern Russia are indicated. The prospects for the development of the local self-government system have been determined. The author points to the impossibility of an objective evaluation of the modern essence of local self-government without a historical analysis of political and legal views about it and public relations arising in the process of the activities of local self-government bodies, considers these factors to be key in changing the concepts of local self-government.
Keywords: local self-government, self-government, history of local self-government, Russian Empire.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii, prinjataja vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 goda, s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 1 ijulja 2020 goda // Rossijskaja gazeta. Vyp. Ot 4 ijulja 2020 g., # 144 (8198).
2. Aronov D.V. Reforma mestnogo samoupravlenija v liberal'nyh proektah Osnovnogo zakona Rossii nachala HH veka: opyt sravnitel'nogo izuchenija // Istorija gosudarstva i prava. 2014. # 12.
3. Vasil'chikov A. kn. O samoupravlenii. T. I. SPb., 1869.
4. Gol'cev V.A. Gosudarstvo i samoupravlenie. Istoriko-juridicheskie ocherki. M., 1882.
5. Dal' V.I. Tolkovyj slovar' zhivogo velikorusskogo jazyka. 2-e izd., ispr. i znachitel'no umnozhennoe po rukopisi avtora. Izd. knigoprodavca-tipografa M.O. Vol'fa. T. 4. SPb.- M., 1882.
6. Pamjati V.A. Gol'ceva. Stat'i, vospominanija, pis'ma/ Pod red. A.A. Kizevettera. M., 1910.
7. Peterburgskaja gorodskaja duma. 1846-1918 / Otv. red. V.A. Nardova, B.B. Dubencov. SPb., 2005.
8. Pirozhenkov S.A., Prihod'ko N.Ju. Maroderstvo kak prestuplenie: istorija i sovremennost' // Voenno-juridicheskij zhurnal. 2019. # 10. S. 21-25.
9. Tarasova I.A. Gosudarstvennaja politika v sfere organizacii mediciny v Rossijskoj imperii v pervoj chetverti XVIII v. // Evrazijskoe Nauchnoe Ob"edinenie. 2017. T. 2. # 1 (23).
10. Tumanova A.S. Issledovanija istorii grazhdanskogo obshhestva: chetvert'vekovye itogi // Ustojchivoe razvitie: tradicii mestnogo samoupravlenija i sovremennost'. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, k 155-letiju zemskoj reformy i 75-letiju noosfernoj koncepcii V. I. Vernadskogo. 2019. S. 77-83.
11. Jakovlev K.L. Gosudarstvenno-pravovoj status Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj imperii v doreformennyj period (1802-1861 gg.): avtoref. dis. …d.ju.n.. M., 2016.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Shmelev A.A., Remnev N.E.
Political rights and freedoms in the constitutional draft of N.M. Muravyov
The authors investigate the genesis of the state-legal ideas of N.M. Muravyov on political rights
and freedoms. The authors pay special attention to the analysis of the constitutional project of N.M. Muravyov, which reflects his main state and legal ideas. The authors consider 3 constitutional projects:1822, 1824 and the edition of the constitution, which was written by N.M. Muravyov for the investigating authorities. The authors also examined such political rights and freedoms as equality before the law, electoral rights, the right to political opinion and others.
Keywords: Russia, the Decembrists movement, Northern Society, M.N. Muravyov, the sociopolitical movement, political rights and freedoms.
Work bibliographic list
1. Azadovskij M.K. Stranicy istorii dekabrizma. –Irkutsk: Vost.-Sib. kn. izd-vo, 1991. – 426 s.
2. Vol'f S.P. Revoljucionnaja sushhnost' dvizhenija dekabristov: istoriko-pravovoj aspekt (stoletiju revoljucii v Rossii posvjashhaetsja) // Vestnik Sibirskogo instituta biznesa i informacionnyh tehnologij. – 2017. – # 1 (21). – S. 62-68. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=28928543 (data obrashhenija: 29.03.2020).
3. Dovnar-Zapol'skij M.V. Idealy dekabristov. – M.:Tipografija T-va I.D. Sytina, 1907. – 423 s.
4. Dolbunov N.N. Otechestvennaja vojna 1812 goda i politicheskie programmy dekabristov // Vremja i pravo. – 2012. – # 1. – S. 14-19. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=36937999 (data obrashhenija: 29.03.2020).
5. Druzhinin, N.M. Revoljucionnoe dvizhenie v Rossii v XIXv. – M.: Nauka, 1985. – 485 s.
6. Zhukovskaja T.N. Politicheskie idei dekabristov i tradicii zapadnogo liberalizma: problemy sopostavlenija // Dekabristy. Aktual'nye napravlenija issledovanij: sbornik statej. – SPb: Nestor-Istorija, 2014. – S. 38-56.
7. Kljuchevskij V.O. Sochinenija: v 9 tomah. – M.: Mysl', 1989. – T. 5. – 476 s.
8. Lenin V.I. Rol' soslovij i klassov v osvoboditel'nom dvizhenii v Rossii // Polnoe sobranie sochinenij: v 55 tomah. – M: Izd-vo politicheskoj literatury, 1980. – T. 23. – S. 397-398.
9. Nechkina M.V. Dvizhenie dekabristov. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1955. – T. 1. – 480 s.
10. Nechkina M.V. Dvizhenie dekabristov. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1955. – T. 2. – 504 s.
11. Sonina L.V. Obzor osnovnyh polozhenij konstitucionnyh proektov P.I. Pestelja i N.M. Murav'eva// Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2002. – T. 2. # 9. – S. 18-23. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/obzor-osnovnyh-proektov-n-m-muravieva(data obrashhenija: 01.04.2020).
12. Fedorov V.A. Dekabristy v vospominanijah sovremennikov: sbornik statej. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo universiteta, 1988. – 508 s.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Bessonov N.K., Maslova S.V.
Legal vector of transition from informatization to digitalization
One of the main trends in the development of law in Russia is the integration of digital technologies in the economy, business, social sphere, which gives rise to the need for their legal regulation. Scientists are actively discussing the problems of interaction and mutual influence of digitalization and law. This article analyzes and discloses what informatization and digitalization are and their legal vector of interaction with law. The article is of practical importance, allowing you to systematize new knowledge in the field of digital technologies.
Keywords: informatization, digitalization, digital economy, legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993, s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 31.07.2020 # 258-FZ «Ob jeksperimental'nyh pravovyh rezhimah v sfere cifrovyh innovacij v Rossijskoj Federacii» // SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
3. Grinchenko S.N. Jetapy sistemnoj modernizacii, informatizacii i formirovanija informacionnogo obshhestva Rossii // Rossija: Tendencii i perspektivy razvitija. Ezhegodnik. – M., 2019. – S. 86-89.
4. Kostina A.V. Informatizacija i tendencii razvitija obshhestva XXI veka // Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie. – 2018. – # 1. – S. 143-156.
5. Maklakov E.S. Filosofskie i istoricheskie aspekty razvitija infokommunikacionnyh tehnologij //Nauchnoe i obrazovatel'noe prostranstvo: perspektivy razvitija. Sbornik materialov II Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – Cheboksary, 2016. – S. 295-298.
6. Martynjuk D.T. Ponjatie informatizacii i ee pravovye osnovy // Internauka. – 2019. – # 45-2 (127).– S. 35-36.
7. Miheeva T. N. K voprosu o pravovyh osnovah cifrovizacii v Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Universiteta imeni O.E. Kutafina. – 2019. – # 9. – S. 114–122.
8. Nekrasov V.N. Innovacija, informatizacija, cifrovizacija: sootnoshenie i osobennosti pravovoj reglamentacii // Voprosy rossijskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava. – 2018. – T. 8. – # 11A. – S. 137-143.
9. Pasport nacional'noj programmy «Cifrovaja jekonomika Rossijskoj Federacii», utverzhdennyj protokolom ot 24 dekabrja 2018 g. # 16 Prezidiuma Soveta pri Prezidente RF po strategicheskomu razvitiju i nacional'nym proektam // Oficial'nyj
sajt Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs].
10. Sharypova T.N. Process informatizacii obshhestva// Alleja nauki. – 2019. – T. 2. – # 2 (29). – S. 926-929.
11. Shlychkov V.V. Ob otdel'nyh aspektah processa cifrovizacii i opredelenii ponjatija «cifrovaja jekonomika» // Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i sociologii.– 2018. – # 4. – S. 95-99.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Dengaev I.B., Ramazanova E.T.
On the issue of interaction between the President of the Russian Federation and the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation in the legislative process
In the Russian Federation, lawmaking is not exclusively associated with the legislative branch of government. The President of the country, in particular, takes an active part in it.
The established practice of relations between the President of the Russian Federation and the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation in the legislative sphere has revealed certain organizational and legal problems and contradictions in the process of organizing the interaction of the head of state with the parliament.
The article examines the content and features of interaction between the President of the Russian Federation and the chambers of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. The powers of the head of state in the sphere of legislative activity are considered.
Keywords: The Constitution of the Russian Federation, parliament, state Duma, head of state, President, powers, legislative process, draft laws.
Work bibliographic list
1. Goloshhapov A. M. Poslanija Prezidenta RF – konstitucionnaja osnova formirovanija gosudarstvenno-pravovoj strategii RF // Pravo i politika. -2004. - # 6.
2. Montesk'e Sh. O duhe zakonov // Izbrannye proizvedenija. - M., 1955; Lokk Dzh. Dva traktata o pravlenii // Sochinenija: v 3 t. - M., 1988.
3. Federalist: Politicheskoe jesse A. Gamil'tona, Dzh.Mjedisona i Dzh. Dzheja. - M., 2000.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Evtushenko D.O., Lebedeva Yu.N.
Law-making initiative of citizens: problems of legal regulation and implementation
The article is devoted to the consideration of the main aspects of legal regulation and implementation of the law-making initiative of citizens. The author notes that Russian legislation contains numerous forms of direct execution by citizens of local self-government and participation in its implementation, one of which is the law-making initiative of citizens. This type of initiative is a relatively new phenomenon for Russian legislation and the most problematic in practical implementation and theoretical development. Citizen’s law-making initiative in Russia is a complex institution, the meaning of which is that a number of citizens determined by legislation can initiate the creation or propose a ready-made bill by submitting it to a representative body in Russia is a complex institution, the meaning of which is that a certain
number of citizens may initiate the creation or propose a ready draft law by submitting it to a representative body.
Keywords: lawmaking initiative, citizens, project, act.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 06.10.2003 # 131-FZ «Ob obshhih principah organizacii mestnogo samoupravlenija v Rossijskoj Federacii» // Konsul'tantPljus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_44571 (data obrashhenija: 01.10.2020).
2. Beljasov S.N. Pravotvorcheskaja iniciativa grazhdan kak sposob obespechenija prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina // Nauchnyj poisk. 2016. # 1.2. S. 33-37.
3. Bychkova E.I. Pravotvorcheskaja iniciativa grazhdan: istoricheskie osnovy vozniknovenija v zarubezhnyh stranah // Issledovanie problem i processov social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija regiona v sovremennyh uslovijah: materialy reg. nauch.-prakt. konferencii (13 marta 2009 g.). Cheljabinsk: Cheljabinskij institut (filial) RGTJeU, 2009. S. 201-204.
4. Galojan A.R. Mehanizm publichnogo predostavlenija pravotvorcheskih iniciativ grazhdan na municipal'nom urovne // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. 2017. # 9. S. 49-53.
5. Il'inyh A.V., Shirinjan R.V., Podolinskaja D.O. Pravotvorcheskaja iniciativa grazhdan kak forma narodovlastija na mestnom urovne // Uchenye zametki TOGU. 2019. T. 10. # 2. S. 72-76.
6. Rudenko V.N. Prjamaja demokratija: modeli pravlenija, konstitucionno-pravovye instituty. Ekaterinburg: URO RAN, 2003. 476 s.
7. Tlehatuk A.K. Pravotvorcheskaja iniciativa grazhdan v RF: aktual'nye problemy realizacii // Aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki konstitucionnogo sudoproizvodstva. 2020. # 15. S. 173-179.
8. Hachak Je.Ch. Pravotvorcheskaja iniciativa grazhdan: k probleme legal'noj definicii // Colloquiumjournal. 2019. # 26-10 (50). S. 7-8.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Melnikov A.R.
Positive and natural: on the correlation of constitutive and declarative components of the Constitution of the Russian Federation
The article attempts to analyze the Constitution of the Russian Federation using synthesis of interdisciplinary knowledge and the method of analogy. A general natural-positive comparison and matching of fundamentally different philosophic and legal principles of constitutionalism are carried out to reveal its duality. The lexical and legal categories «Constitution» and «Declaration» are also studied.
Keywords: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, declarative component, declaration, natural law, constitutive component, Constitution, organic theory of the state, Basic law, public international law, positive law, right.
Work bibliographic list
1. Benjuh O. P., Chernov G. V. Karmannyj anglo-russkij slovar': 8 000 slov / Pod red. G. V. Chernova. – 21-e izd., stereotip. – M.: Rus. jaz., 1986. – 360 s.
2. Bol'shaja Sovetskaja Jenciklopedija / Gl. red. O. Ju. Shmidt // Rossijskaja gosudarstvennaja biblioteka.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://dlib.rsl.ru/viewer/01008004565#?page=461 (data obrashhenija: 05.10.2020).
3. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: Problemnyj kommentarij / Otv. red. V. A. Chetvernin // Nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij universitet «Vysshaja shkola jekonomiki». – 1997. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://teoria-prava.hse.ru/data/2016/10/25/1110642287/constitution.pdf (data obrashhenija: 05.10.2020). – 414 s.
4. Kurskov D. Ju. G. Spenser o gosudarstve i prave //Vestnik RGGU. Serija: Jekonomika. Upravlenie. Pravo. – 2011. – # 8 (70). – S. 239-242.
5. Hasanov A. A. Sovremennye podhody k teorijam priznanija novyh gosudarstv v mezhdunarodnom prave //Zhurnal zarubezhnogo zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija. – 2016. – # 3. – S. 109-114.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Suyunchalieva O.T.
Identification of fictitious marriages concluded with foreign citizens as one of the ways to improve the Russian migration policy
The article examines Russian and foreign experience in countering illegal migration in terms of identifying «fictitious» marriages with foreign citizens. Legal mechanisms aimed at identifying the facts of such marriages, as well as measures of criminal and administrative responsibility for «marriage» fraud and illegal acquisition of a residence permit and citizenship are considered. Ways to improve the migration legislation of Russia based on foreign experience in preventing illegal migration are suggested.
Keywords: illegal migration, migration processes, fictitious «marriages, marriage fraud, citizenship, residence permit, migration legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dergunova V.N. Fiktivnyj brak kak organizacija nezakonnoj migracii. Novaja zakonodatel'naja iniciativa // Internet-izdanie dlja juristov «ZAKON.RU». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://zakon.ru/blog/2015/2/24/ (data obrashhenija:
7.05.2020).
2. Reforma immigracionnoj sluzhby SShA v 2002 godu // Internet-izdanie gazety «Golos Ameriki».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.golos-ameriki.ru/ (data obrashhenija:10.05.2020).
3. Filippenko A.A. Problemy immigracionnoj politiki SShA v period s 1999-2015 gg.: avtoref. dis.… kand. istorichesk. nauk. M., 2015.
4. Homeland Security Act of 2002 # 116 STAT. 2135 ot 25 nov.2002: Zakon o nacional'noj bezopasnosti //Oficial'nyj sajt Sluzhby grazhdanstva i immigracii SShA. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.govinfo.gov/ (data obrashhenija:10.05.2020).
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Belotserkovich D.V., Yuminova Yu.O.
Administrative and legal regulation of the construction industry in the Far Eastern Federal District: specifics, problems and solutions
The article provides a brief analysis of the specifics of administrative and legal regulation of the
construction industry in the Far Eastern Federal District, identifies the main problems and suggests ways to solve them. It also describes the problems of bringing to administrative responsibility in the field of construction. The need to improve federal legislation in the field of construction activities, as well as law enforcement practice is considered. Legal and organizational means of solving the problems of bringing to administrative responsibility in the field of construction are considered in detail.
Keywords: construction industry in the Far Eastern Federal District, administrative and legal regulation, responsibility of construction organizations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zaval'nyj I. V. Slozhnosti ustanovlenija viny juridicheskogo lica v sovershenii administrativnogo pravonarushenija // Nauka cherez prizmu vremeni. - 2019. - # 3 (24). - S. 58.
2. Zajkova S. N., Utebalieva A. R. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost' juridicheskih lic: teorija i praktika // V sbornike: Jurisprudencija v teorii i na praktike: aktual'nye voprosy i sovremennye aspekty. Sbornik statej II Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - Penza, 2019. - S. 169.
3. Reshenie Primorskogo kraevogo suda ot 17.09.2018 po delu # 7-21-1047/2018 // SPS Konsul'tant pljus 2020.
4. Shilov Ju. V. aktual'nye problemy opredelenija pravovogo statusa juridicheskogo lica kak uchastnika proizvodstva po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. -2019. - # 3 (171). - S. 143.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Vankaeva A.G.
Prospects for the development of digitalization of the tax system in the Russian Federation
The issue of a new approach to solving the problem of tax reform in the Russian Federation in the context of the formation of the digital economy is considered. The article reveals the problem of the Russian Federal tax reform in digital reality and ways to solve it.
The system method, the method of analysis and synthesis, the method of abstraction and generalization are accepted. The tax risk of tax evasion increases as a result of using modern business models, conducting unregistered business activities, and actually existing in the country. Conclusions are drawn about the need to identify emerging economic relations and their legal consolidation, develop and implement an effective tax policy, as well as change the tax system based on it.
Keywords: digital economy, tax evasion, tax system, tax policy, tax collection, digitalization of processes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (2 chast') ot 05.08.2000 g. # 117-FZ (red. ot 25.12.2018 g.) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 25.01.2019 g.). Spravochnaja pravovaja sistema «Konsul'tantPljus». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http:// www.consultant.ru/
cons/ (data obrashhenija: 01.10.2020).
2. Programma «Cifrovaja jekonomika Rossijskoj Federacii» (utv. rasporjazheniem Pravitel'stva RF ot 28.07.2017 g. # 1632-r. Spravochnaja pravovaja sistema «Konsul'tantPljus». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www. consultant.ru/cons/ (data obrashhenija: 01.10.2020).
3. Osnovnye napravlenija bjudzhetnoj, nalogovoj i tamozhenno-tarifnoj politiki na 2019 god i na planovyj period 2020 i 2021 godov (utv. Minfinom Rossii). Spravochnaja pravovaja sistema «Konsul'tantPljus». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/ (data obrashhenija:01.10.2010).
4. Vajpan, V. A. Pravovoe regulirovanie cifrovoj jekonomiki//Predprinimatel'skoe pravo. Prilozhenie «Pravo i biznes». 2018. # 1. Spravochnaja pravovaja sistema «Konsul'tantPljus». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http:// www.consultant.ru/
cons/ (data obrashhenija: 01.10.2020).
5. Mihajlov, A. V. Problemy stanovlenija cifrovoj jekonomiki i voprosy razvitija predprinimatel'skogo prava // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2018. # 11. Spravochnaja pravovaja sistema «Konsul'tantPljus». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/ (dataobrashhenija: 01.10.2020).
6. Materialy II Mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo foruma. «Shag v budushhee: iskusstvennyj intellekt i cifrovaja jekonomika. Revoljucija v upravlenii: novaja cifrovaja jekonomika ili novyj mir mashin». Moskva, 06-07 dek. 2018 g.; Vyp. 1; otv. red. P. V. Tereljanskij. M.: Izdatel'skij dom GUU, 2018. 390 s.
7. Vvedenie v «cifrovuju» jekonomiku / A. V. Keshelava, V. G. Budanov, V. Ju. Rumjancev i dr.; pod obshh. red. A. V. Keshelava. M.: VNIIGeosistem, 2017. 28 s.
8. Otchet issledovanija konsaltingovoj kompanii McKinsey «Cifrovaja Rossija: novaja real'nost'» (ijul' 2020 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/mckinsey/locations/europe%20and%20middle%20
east/russia/our%20insights/digital%20russia/digitalrussia-report.ashx (data obrashhenija: 01.10.2020).
9. Nalogovye postuplenija v federal'nyj bjudzhet 2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.garant.ru/news/1132357/ (data obrashhenija: 01.10.2020).
10. Negroponte, N. Being Digital. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995. 243 p.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Isaev A.V., Menshikov P.V., Tebryaev A.A.
On legal conflicts of regulatory and administrative acts in the field of railway transport
The article emphasizes that the modern state cannot provide a legislative regulation of certain
concepts in general, and in railway transport, which is the subject of law, in particular. This situation has a negative impact on the practice of law enforcement, especially when conducting forensic technical examinations. It is concluded that the existing legal regulation of relations in the field of railway transport of the Russian Federation is not systematized; its improvement is an urgent task.
Keywords: law, sustainable development, social sphere, legal regulation, conceptual apparatus,
railway transport.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 10.01.2003 g. # 17-FZ (red. Ot 26.07.2019) «O zheleznodorozhnom transporte v Rossijskoj Federacii».
2. GOST R 25056-2012. Transport zheleznodorozhnyj. Osnovnye ponjatija, terminy i opredelenija.
3. Gruzovye vagony zheleznyh dorog kolei 1520 mm. Rukovodstvo po kapital'nomu remontu. Rukovodjashhij dokument RD 32 CV 168-2017. Utverzhdjon komissiej Soveta po zheleznodorozhnomu transportu gosudarstv– uchastnikov Sodruzhestva, protokol zasedanija ot 18-19 maja 2011 g. # 54.
4. Instrukcija po tehnicheskomu obsluzhivaniju vagonov v jekspluatacii (instrukcija osmotrshhiku vagonov) #808-2017 PKB CV. Utverzhdena Sovetom po zheleznodorozhnomu transportu gosudarstv – uchastnikov Sodruzhestva, protokol # 50 ot 21-22 maja 2009 g.
5. O vvode normativov predel'no dopustimyh v jekspluatacii iznosov uzlov i detalej telezhki modeli 18-100, prevyshenie kotoryh mozhet privesti k shodu s rel'sov. Utverzhdeno rasporjazheniem OAO «RZhD» ot 01.06.2009 g. # 1145r.
6. Pravila tehnicheskogo obsluzhivanija tormoznogo oborudovanija i upravlenija tormozami zheleznodorozhnogo podvizhnogo sostava. Utverzhdeny Sovetom po zheleznodorozhnomu transportu gosudarstv-uchastnikov Sodruzhestva, protokol ot 7.05.2014 g. # 60, i prikazom Mintransa RF ot 03.06.2014 g. # 151.
7. Pravila tehnicheskoj jekspluatacii zheleznyh dorog Rossijskoj Federacii. Utv. prikazom Mintransa RF ot 21.12.2010 g. # 286.
8. Pravila tjagovyh raschjotov dlja poezdnoj raboty», utverzhdeny rasporjazheniem OAO «RZhD» ot 12.05.2016 g. # 867r.
9. Reglament rassledovanija prichiny otcepki gruzovogo vagona i vedenija reklamacionnoj raboty. Utverzhdjon prezidentom nekommercheskogo partnjorstva «OPZhT» V.A. Gapanovichem 26.07.2016 g.
10. Remont i tehnicheskoe obsluzhivanie koljosnyh par s buksovymi uzlami gruzovyh vagonov magistral'nyh zheleznyh dorog kolei 1520 mm. (1524 mm.). Rukovodjashhij dokument RD VNIIZhT 27.05.01-2017. Utverzhdjon komissiej Soveta po zheleznodorozhnomu transportu gosudarstv –uchastnikov Sodruzhestva, protokol zasedanija ot 19-20 oktjabrja 2019 g. # 67.
11. Remont telezhek gruzovyh vagonov s beskontaktnymi skol'zunami. Rukovodjashhij dokument RD 32 CV 052- 2009. Utverzhdjon komissiej Soveta po zheleznodorozhnomu transportu gosudarstv –uchastnikov Sodruzhestva, protokol zasedanija ot 13-14 maja 2010 g.
12. Rukovodstvo po tekushhemu otcepochnomu remontu gruzovyh vagonov 717-CV-2009. Utverzhdeno rasporjazheniem OAO «RZhD» ot 26.11.2010 g. # 2425r.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Klimenko N.V., Morgunova N.V.
Features of the application of certain measures to ensure the proceedings in cases of administrative offenses
This article gives the definition of measures of maintenance of manufacture on affairs about administrative offences. All measures of maintenance of manufacture on affairs about administrative offences are considered. Problems are identified to ensure the production of cases of administrative offenses, and recommendations are made to eliminate the problems.
Keywords: measures of maintenance of manufacture on affairs about administrative offences, administrative offence, providing production administrative and tort legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija RF (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993g.) // Rossijskaja gazeta ot 25 dekabrja 1993 g. # 237.
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18 dekabrja 2001 g. #174-FZ //Rossijskaja gazeta ot 22 dekabrja 2001 g. # 249.
3. Kodeks ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 dekabrja 2001 g. #195-FZ // Rossijskaja gazeta ot 31 dekabrja 2001 g. # 256.
4. O vnesenii izmenenij v Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah i stat'ju 21 Federal'nogo zakona «O bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija»: feder. zakon ot 8 ijunja 2015 g. # 143 FZ // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva RF. 2015. # 24. St. 3370.
5. O vnesenii izmenenij v Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. zakon ot 14 dek. 2015 g. # 378 FZ // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva RF. 2015. # 51 (ch. 3). St. 7249.
6. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 24.03.2005 g. # 5 «O nekotoryh voprosah, voznikajushhih u sudov pri primenenii KoAP RF». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ladywomans.alternatenergy.ru›…
7. Ivashkina A.V. K voprosu o klassifikacii mer administrativnogo prinuzhdenija // Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. N.A.Nekrasova. 2019. T. 22. # 4. S. 218-221.
8. Pomogalova, Ju.V. Administrativnoe zaderzhanie, dostavlenie i privod v sisteme mer administrativnogo prinuzhdenija: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. Saratov, 2005. 15 s.
9. Pashhenko E.Ju. Administrativnoe priostanovlenie dejatel'nosti i vremennyj zapret dejatel'nosti// Bezopasnost' truda v promyshlennosti. 2014. #3. 45 s.
10. Rydchenko, K.D., Ravnjushkin, A.V. Pravo policii proverjat' udostoverjajushhie lichnost' dokumenty:administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie i problemy realizacii // Vestnik Voronezhskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2018. # 3. 25 s.
11. Starilov, Ju.N. Administrativnaja justicija. Teorija, istorija, perspektivy. M.: Jur. lit., 2017. 564 s.
12. Sokolov, A.Ju. Mery obespechenija proizvodstva po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah v sisteme mer administrativnogo prinuzhdenija: Avtoref. dis. ... doktora juridicheskih nauk., 2012. 15 s.
13. Surgutskov, V.I., Pivovarov D.V. O sovershenstvovanii pravovogo regulirovanija primenenija policiej otdel'nyh mer obespechenija proizvodstva po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah //Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2015. #
11. 560 s.
14. Chernyshov D.V. Osobennosti funkcij, celej i zadach administrativnogo nadzora v rossijskom administrativnom prave // Juridicheskaja nauka: istorija i sovremennost'. 2020. # 2. 130 s.
15. Hertuev, R. Ju. Zaderzhanie transportnyh sredstv:poisk optimal'noj modeli // Problemy sovremennogo rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva: materialy IV Vseros. nauch. prakt. konf (g. Irkutsk, 11 sent. 2015g.). Irkutsk, 2015. 150 s.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Zakopyrin V.N., Zverev A.V.
Issues relating to enhancing cooperation and coordination in the prevention of offences by commissions for minors and the protection of their rights and internal affairs bodies
The article considers the relationship between the concepts of coordination and interaction as general and special, the principles of interaction, argues for the need for de facto normative regulation of the coordination function of commissions for juvenile affairs and the protection of their rights, proposes the consolidation of the “right of demand” by commissions for the implementation of planned measures, and gives standard directions for the interaction of commissions for juvenile affairs and the protection of their rights and internal affairs bodies.
Keywords: coordination, interaction, prevention of offenses, minors, internal affairs bodies, commission on juvenile affairs and protection of their rights, principles of interaction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zakopyrin V. N. Administrativno-pravovoj status komissij po delam nesovershennoletnih i zashhite ih prav: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - M., 2006.
2. Zabrjaiskij G. I. Preduprezhdenie prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih: osnovy koncepcii gosudarstvennoj politiki // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. - 1997. - # 8.
3. Zakopyrin V. N. K voprosu uchastija grazhdan v ohrane obshhestvennogo porjadka // Social'no-jekonomicheskie i pravovye mery bor'by s pravonarushenijami. - Rjazan', 2014.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Minibaev F.A.
Certain aspects of administrative offenses in the sphere of tobacco products turnover as the basis for administrative responsibility of minors
The article describes the historical experience of forming an idea of local self-government. The features of the functioning of local self-government in the period of the Russian Empire and in modern Russia are indicated. The prospects for the development of the local self-government system have been determined. The author points to the impossibility of an objective evaluation of the modern essence of local self-government without a historical analysis of political and legal views about it and public relations arising in the process of the activities of local self-government bodies, considers these factors to be key in changing the concepts of local self-government.
Keywords: local self-government, self-government, history of local self-government, Russian Empire.
Work bibliographic list
1. Burduzhuk E. N., Ivanova S. I. Formy i sposoby vovlechenija nesovershennoletnih v sovershenie prestuplenija // Ugolovnoe pravo na rubezhe tysjacheletij: Materialy regional'noj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (21 nojabrja 2007 g.) / Pod obshh. red. A. I. Chislova i A. V. Sheslera. - Tjumen': Tjumenskij juridicheskij institut MVD Rossii, 2008.- S. 97.
2. Ivanova S. I., Hametdinova G. F. Vozmozhna li otvetstvennost' roditelej ili inyh zakonnyh predstavitelej nesovershennoletnego za edinichnyj fakt neispolnenija imi objazannostej po soderzhaniju i vospitaniju nesovershennoletnih (st. 5.35 KoAP RF) //Vestnik Tjumenskogo instituta povyshenija kvalifikacii sotrudnikov MVD Rossii. - 2015. - # 1 (4). - S. 34.
3. Pamjatniki rossijskogo prava. V 35 t. T. 32. Ispravitel'no-trudovye kodeksy RSFSR: uchebno-nauchnoe posobie / pod obshh. red. dok. jurid. nauk, prof. R. L. Hachaturova, dokt. jurid. nauk, doc. Ju. V. Ospennikova. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2017. – 344 s.
4. Prihod'ko N. Ju. Azarenkova E. A. Kvalificirovannye vida «kontrabandnyh» prestuplenij v ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii //Sojuz kriminalistov i kriminologov. - M.: Prospekt, 2020. - # 2. - S. 45-50.
5. Sumachev A. V., Byzova I. G. Otvetstvennost' za vovlechenie nesovershennoletnego v process potreblenija vrednyh veshhestv: o kachestve zakonodatel'nyh reshenij i napravlenijah sovershenstvovanija // Juridicheskaja nauka i pravoohranitel'naja praktika. -
2018. - # 4 (46). - S. 102.
6. Uvarov M. A. Administrativno-jurisdikcionnaja dejatel'nost' organov vnutrennih del v oblasti ohrany sobstvennosti: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk:12.00.14 / Uvarov Maksim Aleksandrovich. – M., 2019.– 112 s.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Roditeleva Ya.N.
Some aspects of the administrative responsibility of the prosecutor in the Russian Federation
The laws in force make it possible to consider the prosecutor not only as a subject of administrative jurisdiction, a special participant in proceedings in cases of administrative offenses, but also as a subject who can be brought to administrative responsibility. The article
notes some aspects of the administrative responsibility of prosecutors.
Keywords: administrative responsibility, prosecutor, prosecutor’s office, law, involvement, supervision, duties.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah» ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 11.08.2020).
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O prokurature Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 17.01.1992 # 2202-1.
3. Bezrukavaja N. I. Predmet dejatel'nosti prokurora po uchastiju v rassmotrenii sudami del ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah // Administrativnoe i municipal'noe pravo. 2018. # 4.
4. Osincev D.V. Prokuror kak sub"ekt administrativnogo pravonarushenija // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2019. # 4.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Shirinyan R.V., Belotserkovich D.V.
Disqualification as a measure of administrative punishment applied to officials
The article is devoted to the analysis of disqualification as a special measure of administrative punishment applied to officials. The general characteristics of disqualification in the system of administrative penalties applied to officials have been formulated. Attention is drawn to the fact
that disqualification is imposed by courts quite rarely and acts as a punishment alternative to an
administrative fine. There is noted the imperfection enshrined in Part 1 of Art. 3.11 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation definitions of the concept of «disqualification».
The author’s edition of the definition of the concept of «disqualification» is proposed. The existing law enforcement problems arising in the appointment and execution of disqualification are identified, proposals are formulated aimed at their solution.
Keywords: officials, administrative offenses, administrative offenses of officials, administrative
responsibility, administrative responsibility of officials, administrative penalties, disqualification,
Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bodrova N.V. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost' dolzhnostnyh lic: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Saratov,2001. – 145 s.
2. Dacko N.P. Diskvalifikacija dolzhnostnyh lic: sravnenie rossijskogo i anglijskogo zakonodatel'stva //Vestnik Juzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2013. – T. 13. – # 2. – S. 80-82.
3. Ermolenko M.V. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost' dolzhnostnyh lic: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Voronezh, 2004. – 250 s.
4. Kojtov A.V. Problemy privlechenija k administrativnoj otvetstvennosti dolzhnostnyh lic organov publichnoj vlasti // Zakon. – 2013. – # 7. – S. 124-131.
5. Hromov E.V. Privlechenie k administrativnoj otvetstvennosti lic, obladajushhih osobym pravovym statusom // Lex russica. – 2017. – # 6. – S. 60-67.
 
CIVIL LAW
Borchenko V.A., Glebova E.V.
Problems of determining the object of the storage agreement
The article deals with scientific and court practice approaches to the definition of the object of storage service. The authors describe and analyze two positions existing in the civilist science and formed in the judicial practice concerning the issue of possibility to transfer immovable things as an object of storage, except for Article 926 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, which expressly provides that in the order of sequestration both movable and immovable things can be transferred.
Keywords: the contract of storage, the baggage, the immovable, the judicial practice, the object storage.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie FAS Severo-Kavkazskogo okruga ot 27.02.2006 # F08-459/2006 po delu # A32-30767/2005-47/461. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 30.09.2020).
2. Postanovlenie FAS Moskovskogo okruga ot 26.02.2007, 05.03.2007 # KA-A41/964-07 po delu #A41-K2-4402/06. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 30.09.2020).
3. Braginskij M. I., Vitrjanskij V. V. Dogovornoe pravo. Kniga vtoraja: Dogovory o peredache imushhestva. – M., 2000. – 780 s.
4. Grazhdanskoe pravo: uchebnik: v 2 t. / O. G. Alekseeva, E. R. Aminov, M. V. Bando i dr.; pod red. B. M. Gongalo. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Statut, 2018. – T.2. – 560 s.
5. Zajceva T. I. Notarial'naja praktika: otvety na voprosy. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2007. – 296 s.
6. Kommentarij k Grazhdanskomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii. Chast' vtoraja: Ucheb.-prakt. kommentarij / Pod red. A. P. Sergeeva. – M.: Prospekt, 2010.– 685 s.
7. Kommentarij k Grazhdanskomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii, chasti vtoroj (postatejnyj) / G. E. Avilov, M. I. Braginskij, V. V. Gljancev i dr.; pod red. O. N. Sadikova. 5-e izd., ispr. i dop. s ispol'zovaniem sudebno-arbitrazhnoj praktiki. – M.: KONTRAKT, INFRA-M, 2006. – 987 s.
8. Mejer D. I. Russkoe grazhdanskoe pravo (v 2 ch.). Po ispr. i dop. 8-mu izd., 1902. Izd. 3-e, ispr. – M.: Statut, 2003. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:SPS «Garant» (data obrashhenija: 15.04.2019).
9. Rimskoe chastnoe pravo: Uchebnik / V. A. Krasnokutskij, I. B. Novickij, I. S. Pereterskij i dr.;pod red. I. B. Novickogo, I. S. Pereterskogo. –M.:Jurist", 2004. –544 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Grigorjeva I.M.
Problems defining the term «civil liability»
The article deals with the problems associated with the lack of a single generally accepted definition of civil liability, and consistently analyzes the signs of civil liability proposed in the publications of Russian civil scholars. It is noted that the main problem in developing a definition of this concept is an attempt to cover the whole set of heterogeneous phenomena with this definition.
To solve the analyzed problem, the author proposes to recognize the heterogeneity of the institution of civil liability and the need to differentiate approaches to the definition of this concept for different cases, in particular, the distinction of civil liability for breach of contractual obligations, non-contractual liability, civil liability for third parties and liability arising in other cases.
Keywords: civil liability, property liability, compensation, damages, compensation for damages, guilt.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agaronjan R.K. Ponjatie otvetstvennosti sub"ektov predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti za narushenie dogovornyh objazatel'stv // Aktual'nye problemy pravovedenija. – 2018. – # 4. – S. 2-5.
2. Braginskiĭ M. I., Vitrjanskiĭ V. V. Dogovornoe pravo. Kn. 1. Obshhie polozhenija. 3-e izd. – M.: Statut, 2011. – 847 s.
3. Ioffe O.S. Otvetstvennost' po sovetskomu grazhdanskomu pravu. – L., 1955.
4. Cvetkov S.B. K voprosu o sootnoshenii ponjatij grazhdansko-pravovoj otvetstvennosti i nakazanija // Biznes. Obrazovanie. Pravo. – 2018. – # 2. – S. 312-315.
 
CIVIL LAW
Dundarova Z.N., Magomedova A.G.
Labor of medical workers. Features of legal regulation
Our article is devoted to the issues of labor of workers in medical institutions. The article examines the features of the legal status of medical workers, draws conclusions regarding the working conditions of this category, in particular, the organization and planning of time, its duration, rest time, etc. Based on the lack of a legislative framework and expert assessment of medical workers, recommendations are given on improving working conditions by amending regulatory legal acts and by-laws.
Keywords: working conditions, working hours, rest time, medical workers, certain categories of workers, violations of rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dolinskaja L. M. Gosudarstvennyj kontrol' v sfere zdravoohranenija // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. - 2017. - # 6. - S. 29-35.
2. Ivanova N. A. Rabota medicinskih rabotnikov za predelami ustanovlennoj prodolzhitel'nosti rabochego vremeni // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija «Pravo». - 2006. - # 2. - S. 9498.
3. Koshkin N. S., Oreshkina V. N. Osobennosti pravovogo regulirovanija truda medicinskih rabotnikov// Vestnik Juzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Pravo. - 2019. - # 1. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.
ru/article/n/osobennosti-pravovogo-regulirovaniyatruda-meditsinskih-rabotnikov (data obrashhenija:10.10.2020).
4. Murav'eva E. V., Churljaeva I. V. Problemy realizacii prava pacienta na vybor vracha i medicinskoj organizacii // Medicinskoe pravo. - 2018. - # 1. - S. 30-34
 
CIVIL LAW
Ivliev P.V., Ananjeva E.O.
The norms of civil legislation of the Russian legislative policy and international experience of media activities
The article deals with the main legal norms regulating the work of mass media. The issue of restrictions on the work of journalists is raised, as well as threats to freedom of speech in law enforcement practice, which leads to self-restrictions of journalists. Ways to solve these problems are suggested, based on the realities of modern Russia and the experience of foreign countries.
Keywords: mass media, legal problems of mass media, law enforcement practice, legislation on mass media, editorial policy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 20 ijulja 2013g. # 606 «O premijah Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii v oblasti sredstv massovoj informacii». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_149731/ (data obrashhenija: 28.09.2020 goda).
2. Postanovlenie Pervomajskogo rajonnogo suda g.Rostova-na-Donu # 5-1133/2019 ot 9 dekabrja 2019g. po delu # 5-1133/2019-. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/uNnW1JyVdKw/ (data obrashhenija: 28.09.2020goda).
3. Reshenie Sovetskogo rajonnogo suda goroda Rjazani # 12-172/2019 ot 7 maja 2019 g. po delu #12-172/2019-. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://moskovsky.riz.sudrf.ru/modules.php?name=press_dep&op=12&arc_list=2019 (data obrashhenija: 28.09.2020 goda).
 
CIVIL LAW
Karnova I.N.
Civil law status of persons sentenced to criminal punishment in the form of restriction of freedom
The article reveals the features of the civil status of those sentenced to criminal punishment in the form of restriction of freedom. The article examines the impact of punishment on the legal personality of the convicted person. The article analyzes the content of the legal capacity of convicted persons to restrict their freedom. The article examines the impact of restrictions on freedom on the ability to acquire and exercise subjective civil rights.
Keywords: punishment, restriction of freedom; civil status; legal personality; legal capacity, subjective civil rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Brilliantov A.V. Ogranichenie svobody: voprosy naznachenija nakazanija // Ugolovnoe pravo. - 2017. - # 3.
2. Venediktov A.V. O sub"ektah socialisticheskih pravootnoshenij // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. - 1955. - # 6.
3. Ioffe O.S. Sovetskoe grazhdanskoe pravo. - M.: Izdatel'stvo Leningradskogo universiteta, 1958. - 512 s.
4. Osnovnye statisticheskie pokazateli sostojanija sudimosti v Rossii za 2003-2007 gody i 2008 – 2019 gody.- [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/userimages/sudebnaya_statistika/Sb_sudimost-2008-2019.
5. Shershenevich G.F. Uchebnik russkogo grazhdanskogo prava. T. 1. - M.: Statut, 2005. - 461 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Kirsanova N.B., Zyabkina T.F., Semenova K.A.
On some issues of legal regulation of robotics and artificial intelligence
The article considers some problematic issues arising in the legal regulation of robotization. In the course of the analysis of robotics and artificial intelligence as the main directions of the development of Russian information and communication technologies, the legal content in these
technical concepts was revealed, the issue of their legal status, in particular responsibility, was raised. Based on the analysis, it was concluded that it is necessary to create special (profile) legislation in the field of using robots and artificial intelligence.
Keywords: robot, robotics, artificial intelligence, legal regulation, development of legislation, international experience.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andreev V.K. Dinamika pravovogo regulirovanija primenenija iskusstvennogo intellekta // Zhurnal Rossijskogo prava. - 2020. - # 3. - S. 58-68.
2. Regulirovanie robototehniki: vvedenie v «robopravo». Pravovye aspekty razvitija robototehniki i tehnologij iskusstvennogo intellekta / V.V. Arhipov, V.V. Bakumenko, A.D. Volynec i dr.; pod red. A.V. Neznamova. - M.: Infrotropik Media, 2018. - 232 s.
CONTENTS
 
CIVIL LAW
Kondrashov S. V.
Online court sessions: problems and solutions
The article discusses topical problems associated with the holding of court sessions to consider civil cases by courts of general jurisdiction using web conferencing systems. A comparative analysis of the conduct of court sessions through web conferencing and video conferencing is carried out. The advantages and disadvantages of online court sessions are identified and the prospects for the development of procedural legislation in this direction are identified.
Keywords: web conferencing system, video conferencing, digitalization of judicial activities, remote legal proceedings.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija RF. St. 104.
2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. St. 155.1.
3. Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj zakon ot
31.12.1996 # 1-FKZ (red. ot 30.10.2018) «O sudebnoj sisteme Rossijskoj Federacii».
4. Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj zakon ot 30.05.2001 g. # 3-FKZ «O chrezvychajnom polozhenii».
5. Postanovlenie Prezidiuma Verhovnogo Suda RF, Prezidiuma Soveta sudej RF ot 18 marta 2020 g. # 808 «Ob ogranichitel'nyh merah v sudah v svjazi s ugrozoj rasprostranenija na territorii RF koronavirusnoj infekcii (2019-nCoV)».
6. Postanovlenie Prezidiuma Verhovnogo Suda RF i Prezidiuma Soveta sudej RF ot 8 aprelja 2020 g. # 821 «Ob ogranichitel'nyh merah v sudah v celjah protivodejstvija rasprostraneniju na territorii RF novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii(COVID-19)».
7. Rossijskaja gazeta - Stolichnyj vypusk # 147 (8201).
 
CIVIL LAW
Medvedev V. N.
Main directions of improving a mechanism of protecting intellectual rights for folk art craft products
Main directions of improving a mechanism of protecting intellectual property rights for folk art products include: improving of legislation regulating relations in the folk art crafts field, and relating to legal protection of intellectual activity results in this field; implementation of organizational and legal measures providing optimization of the legal processes in order to obtain a proper legal protection of folk art crafts products, taking into account a foreign experience in the legal regulation of intellectual property in the folk art crafts field.
Keywords: legal protection, intellectual property, intellectual rights protection mechanism, folk art crafts.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 06.01.1999 # 7-FZ «O narodnyh hudozhestvennyh promyslah» // Rossijskaja gazeta. - # 7. - 15.01.1999.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon «O narodnyh hudozhestvennyh promyslah» ot 25.12.2012 # 256-FZ // Rossijskaja gazeta.- # 301. - 28.12.2012.
3. Nekrasova M. A. Narodnoe iskusstvo kak chast' kul'tury. - M.: Izobrazitel'noe iskusstvo, 1983. - 344 s.
4. COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eurlex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52015SC0202&from=EN (data obrashhenija: 25.07.2020).
 
CIVIL LAW
Nedova N. S.
Comparative analysis of the bankruptcy procedure of citizens on the example of Russia and European countries:bases, process features, consequences
In this article, the author touches upon the issue of the rationality and legality of using such an institution as bankruptcy of citizens in European countries, and draws parallels of the legislative regulation of this issue in our country. The author analyzes the similarities and differences between the approaches of legislators of different countries in the implementation of the procedure for bankruptcy of citizens, and also assesses the consequences of such bankruptcy, depending on the impact of the consequences of bankruptcy on basic constitutional and civil rights.
Keywords: bankruptcy, insolvency, welfare state, individuals, civil legislation, legal status, comparative analysis.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vlasenko S.V., Galimov A.R. Ponjatie «bankrotstvo» v koordinatah pravovoj lingvistiki: russko-anglo-francuzskie approksimacii // Vestnik Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Filologija. 2012. # 2. S. 21-28.
2. Zagorujko I.Ju. Genezis jekonomiko-pravovoj prirody nesostojatel'nosti (bankrotstva) fizicheskih lic v predprinimatel'stve // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. 2019. # 1 (102). S. 26-30.
3. Pogrebnjak E.S. Sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz sovremennoj procedury bankrotstva fizicheskih lic v Velikobritanii i RF // Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V.I. Vernadskogo. Juridicheskie nauki. 2019. T. 5 (71). # 1.S. 345-349.
4. Shelegova Ju.I., Dmitrieva A.S. Sovremennye problemy bankrotstva fizicheskogo lica // Sbornik statej XXVIII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii: v 2 ch. 2019. S. 142-144.
5. Shishmareva T.P. Institut nesostojatel'nosti v Rossii i Germanii. M.: Statut, 2015. 332 s.
6. Jel'kanov M.S. Sravnitel'nyj analiz razvitija zakonodatel'stva o bankrotstve fizicheskih lic v zarubezhnyh stranah i v Rossii // V sbornike: Novaja nauka v novom mire: filosofskoe, social'no-jekonomicheskoe, kul'turologicheskoe osmyslenie. Sbornik statej II Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2019. S. 104-109.
 
CIVIL LAW
Ivliev P. V., Koval M. I.
To the problem of informing citizens of the Russian Federation about the activities of state authorities or local self-government bodies
The article examines the problem of informing the citizens of the Russian Federation about the activities of state authorities or local self-government bodies in the media. It is noted that in most cases such materials are published on a commercial basis (state or municipal purchases become the legal basis for placement). To carry out such a procurement operation, it is required: to form a commission, to determine the texts of the tender documentation, to accept applications for the tender, to establish the winner. An official contract is signed with the winner, who has the status of a media outlet, which stipulates the obligation of the authority to carry out the necessary accreditation procedures.
The positive foreign experience of a number of states is touched upon. They do not use such procurement formats; there is a large accountability of budget spending.
To change the situation, it is proposed to officially prohibit the placement of advertising information from the authorities.
Keywords: informing citizens about their work, activities of state authorities, local self-government bodies, mass media, law enforcement practice.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zakon RF ot 27.12.1991 # 2124-1 «O sredstvah massovoj informacii».
2. Ustav municipal'nogo obrazovanija – gorodskoj okrug gorod Rjazan' ot 30 ijunja 2006 g. # 470-III.
3. Ustav municipal'nogo obrazovanija «Gorodskoj okrug Chernogolovka» Moskovskoj oblasti ot 23 aprelja 2013 goda # 87/443.
4. Ustav Gorodskogo okruga «gorod Chita» ot 8 dekabrja 2011 goda # 243.
5. Vetrov K. V. Informirovanie naselenija o dejatel'nosti organov vlasti kak faktor upravlenija: dis. … na soisk. step. kand. sociol. nauk. -M., 2003. - 165 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Azarkhin A. V., Rodionov L. A.
On the issue of the civil law regime of a rented house
This article analyzes the current civil and housing legislation of the Russian Federation, the practice of its application in legal relations in the field of social use of a rented house. This area is one of the directions of state policy for citizens with a low level of income. The authors consider the concept of a rented house and the features of its legal regime.
Keywords: employment contract, social use, residential premises, Housing Code of the Russian Federation, Civil Code of the Russian Federation, use purposes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Oficial'nyj tekst Konstitucii RF s vnesennymi popravkami ot 14.03.2020 opublikovan na Oficial'nom internet-portale pravovoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 04.07.2020).
2. Zhilishhnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29.12.2004 # 188-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020) // «Rossijskaja gazeta». - 12.01.2005. - # 1.
3. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 05.12.2014 # 1318 (red. ot 23.12.2016) «O regulirovanii otnoshenij po najmu zhilyh pomeshhenij zhilishhnogo fonda social'nogo ispol'zovanija» (vmeste s «Trebovanijami k organizacijam, javljajushhimsja najmodateljami po dogovoram najma zhilyh pomeshhenij zhilishhnogo fonda social'nogo ispol'zovanija v otnoshenii zhilyh pomeshhenij chastnogo zhilishhnogo fonda») // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15 dekabrja 2014 g. - # 50. - St. 7104.
4. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 02.07.2009 # 14 «O nekotoryh voprosah, voznikshih v sudebnoj praktike pri primenenii Zhilishhnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // «Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF». - 2009. - # 9.
5. Vasilenko N. V. Dogovor najma zhilogo pomeshhenija zhilishhnogo fonda social'nogo ispol'zovanija kak odin iz variantov reshenija zhilishhnoj problemy v Rossii // Zakony v Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. - 2017. - # 1. - S. 26.
6. Efimova O. V. Dohodnyj dom kak ob"ekt grazhdanskih pravootnoshenij // Pravovye voprosy nedvizhimosti. - 2015. - # 2. - S. 18-20.
 
CIVIL LAW
Tinamagomedov M. M., Suleymanova S. A.
Problems of using astrent in Russian law
The article is devoted to the “astrent” borrowed from French law - a new institution for domestic law, which involves the collection of money for non-execution of a court decision. The article analyzes the legal nature and problems of using “astrent” in the Russian Federation. Great attention is paid to the problems of its legal regulation, in particular, the circumstances that the court should take into account when applying such a penalty are investigated.
Keywords: non-execution of a court decision, sanction, court forfeit, astrent.
Work bibliographic list
1. Molujanov A. O., Semjonov Ja. I. Astrent kak stimulirujushhaja mera pri ispolnenii objazatel'stv //Vestnik nauki i obrazovanija. - 2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/astrent-kak-stimuliruyuschaya-mera-priispolnenii-
obyazatelstv (data obrashhenija: 21.09.2020).
2. Parfenchikov A. [i dr.] Astrent v rossijskom prave// Zakon. - 2014. - # 4. - S. 34-47.
3. Rezina N. A., Ivanova L. V. Astrent: problemy primenenija // Sibirskoe juridicheskoe obozrenie.- 2016. - # 2. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/astrent-problemyprimeneniya(data obrashhenija: 21.09.2020).
 
CIVIL LAW
Trotsenko O. S.
Public-private partnership as a method for implementing infrastructure projects
In the article, public-private partnership (hereinafter - PPP) is analyzed as one of the ways to implement infrastructure projects. This form of cooperation arises primarily in those areas for which the state bears responsibility (for example, road construction, housing and communal services, healthcare, construction of social infrastructure facilities, etc.). Due to the strategic importance of the above spheres of the economy, the state cannot completely abandon control over their functioning. At the same time, there is a need to maintain the operability of the objects included in them, as well as to attract additional (in addition to budget) funding. Based on foreign experience, the most optimal form of cooperation in this case is PPP.
Keywords: public-private partnership, private initiative, public initiative, infrastructure project, budget investments, investor, concession.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21 ijulja 2005 goda # 115-FZ «O koncessionnyh soglashenijah» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 25.07.2005. - # 30 (ch. II). - St. 3126.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 13 ijulja 2015 goda # 224-FZ «O gosudarstvenno-chastnom-partnerstve, municipal'no-chastnom partnerstve v Rossijskoj Federacii i vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 20.07. 2015. - # 29 (ch. I). - St. 4350.
3. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 5 dekabrja 2006 goda # 748 «Ob utverzhdenii primernogo koncessionnogo soglashenija v otnoshenii sistem kommunal'noj infrastruktury i inyh ob"ektov kommunal'nogo hozjajstva, v tom chisle ob"ektov vodo-, teplo-, gazo- i jenergosnabzhenija, vodootvedenija, ochistki stochnyh vod, ob"ektov, na kotoryh osushhestvljaetsja obrashhenie s othodami proizvodstva i potreblenija, ob"ektov, prednaznachennyh dlja osveshhenija territorij gorodskih i sel'skih poselenij, ob"ektov, prednaznachennyh dlja blagoustrojstva territorij, a takzhe ob"ektov social'nogo obsluzhivanija naselenija») // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. –11.12.2006. - # 50. - St. 5352.
4. Kommentarij k Federal'nomu zakonu ot 13 ijulja 2015g. # 224-FZ «O gosudarstvenno-chastnom partnerstve, municipal'no-chastnom partnerstve v Rossijskoj Federacii i vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» / Belickaja A. V.- M.: Justicinform, 2016. - S. 92.
5. Popov A. I. Problemy administrativno-pravovogo regulirovanija koncessionnyh soglashenij // Administrativnoe pravo i process. - 2015. - # 8. - S. 43-46.
6. Putin V. V. Iz vystuplenija na zasedanii Gosudarstvennogo soveta 4 oktjabrja 2013 g. // Oficial'nyj sajt Prezidenta Rossii. Stenograficheskij otchet o zasedanii Gosudarstvennogo soveta 4 oktjabrja 2013. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.kremlin.ru/events/president/news 19359.
7. Sokolov M. Ju., Maslova S. V. Osobennosti podgotovki i provedenija konkursov na pravo zakljuchenija soglashenij o gosudarstvenno-chastnom partnerstve // Vestnik S.-Peterb. Un-ta. Ser. Menedzhment. - 2011. - Vyp. 4. - S. 102 .
8. Value for Money Assessment Guidance: Capital Programmes and Projects // Scottish Futures Trust. - 2011.- October.
 
CIVIL LAW
Sheremetyeva N. V., Vasilenko E. O., Kalashnikov S. S.
Legal aspects of the abolition of limited proprietary right
The article discusses the definition of «rights in rem». In the publication, special attention is paid to the problems of waiver of rights in rem. The author determined gaps in the law that relate to limited property rights. The author also suggested the means by legal and business capacities of Unitary Enterprise in Russian Federation. The article considers Comparative Rights for solving the problem that has developed in Russian civil law.
Keywords: property rights, right of ownership, real right, rights in rem, unitary enterprise, waiver, gaps in the law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belova T. V. Osobennosti vozniknovenija i prekrashhenija prava hozjajstvennogo vedenija i operativnogo upravlenija publichnym imushhestvom // Problemy jeffektivnogo ispol'zovanija nauchnogo potenciala obshhestva: sbornik statej po itogam Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2019. – S. 127-130.
2. Vasilevskaja L. Ju. Otkaz ot veshhnyh prav na nedvizhimoe imushhestvo: problemy tolkovanija i pravoprimenenija // Prolog: zhurnal o prave. – 2019. – # 3.– S. 28-44. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/otkaz-ot-veschnyh-pravna-nedvizhimoe-imuschestvo-problemy-tolkovaniya-ipravoprimeneniya.
3. Gricaeva N. B. Harakteristika veshhnyh prav // Vestnik mezhdunarodnogo juridicheskogo instituta. – 2019. – #2. – S. 5-13.
4. Osipov A.A. Grazhdansko-pravovoj status organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti i organov mestnogo samoupravlenija v Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk:12.00.03. – Saratov, 2016. – 241 s.
5. Suhanov E. A. Veshhnoe pravo – nauchno-poznavatel'nyj ocherk. – M.: STATUT, 2017. – 559 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Khusainova R. I., Minniakhmetov I. R., Akhtyamova
E. V., Alsynbaeva E. M., Sultanova R. I.
The legal problems of using genetic information obtained during prenatal and pre-plantation genetic diagnostics in the Russian Federation
The article analyzes the main legal problems arising from the use of genetic information obtained during the preimplantation genetic diagnostics (PGD) and prenatal diagnostics (PND) procedures. Problems were identified in determining the legal nature of genetic information obtained as a result of such procedures.
It has been determined that the existing legal regulation is not able to take into account the specifics of genetic information and to provide effective protection against misappropriation and misuse of this information.
At the moment, when using genetic information, states have not defined the limits of possible intervention in the sphere of private (parental) interest in order to prevent future harm to children born with the help of modern technologies.
To overcome the problems associated with the diagnosis and editing of the human genome, it is necessary to develop an effective system of legal guarantees aimed at ensuring respect for human dignity, protecting the rights and interests of an individual, security of his genetic information, in order to prevent harm caused by the misuse of his genetic information.
Keywords: in vitro fertilization, preimplantation and prenatal genetic diagnosis, genetics, regulation of human genome editing, genomic information, security of the genome, biobanks, citizens’ rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O personal'nyh dannyh» ot 27 ijulja 2006 g. # 152-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2006. # 31 (ch. 1), st. 3451.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 3 dekabrja 2008 g. # 242-FZ «O gosudarstvennoj genomnoj registracii v Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2008. # 49, st. 5740.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21 nojabrja 2011 g. # 323-FZ «Ob osnovah ohrany zdorov'ja grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 28 nojabrja 2011 g. # 48, st. 6724.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 23 ijunja 2016 g. # 180-FZ «O biomedicinskih kletochnyh produktah» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2016. # 26 (ch. I), st. 3849.
5. Prikaz Ministerstva zdravoohranenija Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 avgusta 2012 g. # 107n «O porjadke ispol'zovanija vspomogatel'nyh reproduktivnyh tehnologij, protivopokazanijah i ogranichenijah k ih primeneniju» // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2013. 11 aprelja.
6. Prikaz Ministerstva zdravoohranenija RF ot 20 oktjabrja 2017 g. # 842n «Ob utverzhdenii trebovanij k organizacii i dejatel'nosti biobankov i pravil hranenija biologicheskogo materiala, kletok dlja prigotovlenija kletochnyh linij, kletochnyh linij, prednaznachennyh dlja proizvodstva biomedicinskih kletochnyh produktov, biomedicinskih kletochnyh produktov» // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru(data obrashhenija: 21.09.2020).
7. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 16 ijunja 2015 g. # 15-P «Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti polozhenij stat'i 139 Semejnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii i stat'i 47 Federal'nogo zakona «Ob aktah grazhdanskogo sostojanija» v svjazi
s zhaloboj grazhdan G.F. Grubich i T.G. Gushhinoj» //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2015. # 26, st. 3944.
8. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 28 ijunja 2012 g. # 1253-O «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanina Supruna Mihaila Nikolaevicha na narushenie ego konstitucionnyh prav stat'ej 137 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Fe-
deracii» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Dokument opublikovan ne byl. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
9. Postanovlenie Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 16 maja 2017 g. # 16 «O primenenii sudami zakonodatel'stva pri rassmotrenii del, svjazannyh s ustanovleniem proishozhdenija detej»// Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. 2017. # 7.
10. Bragina E.Ju., Bujkin S.V., Puzyrev V.P. Biologicheskie banki: problemy i perspektivy ih ispol'zovanija v issledovanijah geneticheskih aspektov kompleksnyh zabolevanij cheloveka // Medicinskaja genetika. 2009. T. 8. # 3 (81). S. 20-26.
11. Bogdanova E.E., Maleina M.N., Ksenofontova D.S. Otdel'nye problemy zashhity prav grazhdan pri ispol'zovanii genomnyh tehnologij // Lex Russia. 2020. # 5 (162).S. 129-142.
12. Bogdanova E.E. Pravovye problemy i riski geneticheskoj revoljucii: geneticheskaja informacija i diskriminacija // Lex Russia. 2019. # 6 (151).S. 18-29.
13. Vladimirov V.Ju., Gorbulinskaja I.N., Kubitovich S.N. K voprosu o bezopasnosti genomnoj informacii // Biosfera. 2018. T.10 # 1. S. 42-48.
14. Zhabina A. Ataka klonov: ot jeksperimentov k biznesu // Jekspert. 2020. # 11 (1155). S. 60-61.
15. Komarova V. V., Altynnik N. A., Borodina M. A., Suvorova E. I., Zenin S. S., Suvorov G. N. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoe regulirovanie preimplantacionnoj geneticheskoj diagnostiki (PGD) i tendencii razvitija Rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva v sfere vspomogatel'nyh reproduktivnyh tehnologij // Lex Russia. 2019. # 6 (151). S. 10-16.
 
CIVIL LAW
Dundarova Z. N., Magomedova A. G.
Features of the content of labor of employees of insurance medical organizations
The main thesis of our article is the provision according to which labor incentives should be improved in close connection with the content of labor. To achieve objective results, we examined the features of the content of labor in the field of health care through the prism of employees of medical insurance organizations. Comparison and analysis of the changes that have occurred and those that are planned to be introduced to improve the legislation in this area helped to develop our own recommendations, in particular, we propose to eliminate the existing order in the field of medical and economic expertise and move from constant control of the services provided to financing by coefficients.
Keywords: working conditions, medical workers, medical organizations, compulsory health insurance, CHIF, comparative analysis, medical and economic expertise.
Work bibliographic list
1. Goncharov D. G., Sidnina V. L. Osobennosti soderzhanija truda rabotnikov strahovyh medicinskih organizacij // Izvestija Saratovskogo universiteta. Novaja serija. Serija Jekonomika. Upravlenie. Pravo. - 2013. - # 1. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/osobennosti-soderzhaniya-truda-rabotnikovstrahovyh-meditsinskih-organizatsiy (data obrashhenija: 07.10.2020).
2. Rofe A. I. Jekonomika truda. - M.: KNORUS, 2010.- 400 s.
3. Jekonomika truda: Social'no-trudovye otnoshenija: uchebnik dlja vuzov / RAGS; pod obshh. red. N.A. Volgina, Ju. G. Odegova. - M.: Jekzamen, 2002. -736 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Elchenkov I. S.
The problem of assignment of the right to claim against the causer of harm as a result of a road traffic accident
The article deals with the problem of the legality of the positions of the courts on the refusal of the assignee to exercise the acquired right to recover monetary compensation from the causer in a road traffic accident. The question of the application of the provisions of civil legislation on losses to legal relations arising as a result of damage to a vehicle is touched upon, in the same context the provisions of Article 15 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation are examined. The issues of the good faith of the assignee in relation to the assignor and the possibility of prohibiting or limiting the assignment of the right of claim to the tortfeasor are also considered.
Keywords: assignee, conscientiousness, third party liability insurance for vehicle owners, road traffic accident, damages, wear, future expenses.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bajbak V.V. Novaja redakcija st. 393 GK RF: obshhie pravila o vozmeshhenii ubytkov, prichinennyh narusheniem objazatel'stva // Zakon. - 2016. - # 8. - S. 121-130.
2. Volkov A.V. Vozmeshhenie ubytkov po grazhdanskomu pravu Rossii: monografija. Saratov: Aj Pi Jer Media, 2011. 127 c. ISBN 2227-8397. Tekst: jelektronnyj// Jelektronno-bibliotechnaja sistema IPR BOOKS:[sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.iprbookshop.ru/1651.html (data obrashhenija: 01.10.2020). Rezhim dostupa: dlja avtorizir.pol'zovatelej.
3. Dobrachev D.V. Vzyskanie osnovnogo denezhnogo dolga i ubytkov v grazhdanskom prave Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.consultant.ru.
4. Kabanova I.E. Grazhdansko-pravovaja otvetstvennost' publichnyh sub"ektov: voprosy teorii i praktiki: monografija (Otv. red. M.A. Egorova). -M.: Justicinform, 2018. - 398 s.
5. Kodifikacija rossijskogo chastnogo prava 2019 (Pod red. D.A. Medvedeva). - M.: Statut, 2019. - 492 s.
6. Monastyrskij Ju.Je. Nekotorye osobennosti primenenija st. 15 i 393 GK RF v voprose prisuzhdenija ubytkov arbitrazhem v Rossijskoj Federacii //Tretejskij sud. - 2018. - # 1/2. - S. 239-250.
7. Rozina S.V. «Osnovanija vozniknovenija objazatel'stv iz prichinenija vreda: zakonodatel'stvo, kommentarii, sudebnaja praktika» (Podgotovlen dlja sistemy Konsul'tant Pljus, 2019). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: www.consultant.ru.
8. Sadikov O.N. Ubytki v grazhdanskom prave Rossijskoj Federacii. - M.: Statut, 2009. - 221 s.
9. Sokol P.V. Novye trendy v uchete iznosa pri vzyskanii ushherba, prichinennogo transportnomu sredstvu v rezul'tate DTP // Juridicheskij vestnik Samarskogo universiteta. - 2018. - T. 4. # 3. - S. 41-46.
10. Fomicheva O.V. Princip polnogo vozmeshhenija ubytkov i ego realizacija v rossijskom grazhdanskom prave: Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. - Samara, 2001. - 168 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Pavlov A. A.
Civil liability of the self-employed category of citizens
The article examines the theoretical aspects of civil liability. The concept of responsibility and its characteristic features are determined. The author points out the necessity of legislative consolidation of the concept of civil liability of self-employed, taking into account the specifics of their activities. The question of the applicability of the norms of civil law and civil liability to the self-employed category of citizens is also investigated.
In order to determine the measure of civil liability of the self-employed, the author concludes that it is necessary to consolidate the legal definition of this category of citizens in business legislation.
Keywords: self-employed citizen, individual entrepreneur, business activity, business legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ. [Jelektronnyĭ resurs] // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Zakon RF ot 19.04.1991 # 1032-1 «O zanjatosti naselenija v Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyĭ resurs] // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Federal'nyj zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 08.08.2001 # 129-FZ «O gosudarstvennoj registracii juridicheskih lic i individual'nyh predprinimatelej». [Jelektronnyĭ resurs] // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 29.05.2014 # 1116-O «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanina Alekseeva Aleksandra Nikolaevicha na narushenie ego konstitucionnyh prav otdel'nymi polozhenijami statej 6,
7 i 28 Federal'nogo zakona «Ob objazatel'nom pensionnom strahovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii», a takzhe statej 5 i 14 Federal'nogo zakona «O strahovyh vznosah v Pensionnyj fond Rossijskoj Federacii, Fond social'nogo strahovanija Rossijskoj Federacii, Federal'nyj fond objazatel'nogo medicinskogo strahovanija». [Jelektronnyĭ resurs] //SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
5. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 12.05.2016 # 1144-O «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanina Sapsaleva Ivana Kuz'micha na narushenie ego konstitucionnyh prav polozhenijami punkta 3 chasti pervoj stat'i 2 i chasti sed'moj stat'i 12 «Osnov zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii o notariate». [Jelektronnyĭ
resurs] // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
6. GOST 12.0.004-2015. Mezhgosudarstvennyj standart. Sistema standartov bezopasnosti truda. Organizacija obuchenija bezopasnosti truda. Obshhie polozhenija» (vmeste s «Programmami obuchenija bezopasnosti truda»). [Jelektronnyĭ resurs] // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
7. Babaĭceva E.A. Sootnoshenie professional'noĭ dejatel'nosti i samozanjatosti grazhdan:civilisticheskiĭ aspekt // Sovremennoe pravo. 2017. # 4. S. 51-56.
8. Bakaeva I.V. Predprinimatel'skaja dejatel'nost' grazhdan kak raznovidnost' jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti: civilisticheskaja doktrina i zakonodatel'stvo // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. 2018. # 3. S. 19.
9. V Rossii zaregistrirovalis' million samozanjatyh. [Jelektronnyĭ resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.nalog.ru/rn77/news/activities_fts/9998965.
10. Krylova E.G. Osobennosti jekonomicheskogo regulirovanija predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti samozanjatyh v Rossii i za rubezhom // Jurist. 2017. # 6.S. 11.
11. Marks Ju.A. Samozanjatost' i predprinimatel'skaja dejatel'nost': voprosy sootnoshenija i pravovogo regulirovanija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2020. # 5. S. 217.
12. Sitnik A.A. Samozanjatye lica kak sub"ekty nalogovyh pravootnoshenij // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. 2018. # 3. S. 35.
13. Shuvaev E.A. Status grazhdanina, zaregistrirovannogo v kachestve samozanjatogo, i problemy nalogooblozhenija dohodov samozanjatyh lic // Jelektronnoe prilozhenie k Rossijskomu juridicheskomu zhurnalu. 2019. # 2. S. 66-72. [Jelektronnyĭ resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://electronic.ruzh.org.
 
CIVIL LAW
Tumanyan G. V.
On the implementation by citizens of control and expert activities as part of an advisory body under the legislative authority of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation
This article examines the activities of advisory, expert and advisory bodies under the Legislative Duma of the Tomsk region. The following aspects were studied: openness of activity; formation procedure; the availability of opportunities for the general public to be involved in activities. The regulatory legal acts of the Tomsk region, sites and information messages were studied. A number of conclusions were made: the more powers and control functions a collegial structure under the legislative body has, the more likely its members will be affiliated with the deputy corps; the more powers a collegial body has, the less publicity and openness in the order of its
formation; the more powers a collegial body has, the less publicity and openness in its information policy; the Council of the legislature took full control of the formation of advisory bodies; the general public and civil society activists are virtually denied the opportunity to participate in the advisory bodies.
Keywords: participation, citizens, management, legislation, public council.
Work bibliographic list
1. Molodjozhnyj parlament Tomskoj oblasti // Zakonodatel'naja Duma Tomskoj oblasti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://duma.tomsk.ru/content/molodejniy_parlament.
2. Obshhestvennyj sovet // Zakonodatel'naja Duma Tomskoj oblasti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://duma.tomsk.ru/content/obshhestvennyj_sovet.
3. Sovet obshhestvennyh iniciativ // Zakonodatel'naja Duma Tomskoj oblasti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://xn--80ahy1a.xn--80aac8ahcndygbk4k9a.xn--p1ai/content/sovet_obshhestvennykh_iniciativ.
4. Tumanjan G.V., Martynova S.Je. O vovlechenii grazhdan v processy prinjatija reshenij zakonodatel'nymi organami vlasti, posredstvom obshhestvennyh obsuzhdenij: na primere Respubliki Tatarstan // Vestnik SOGU. 2020. # 3. S. 196-204.
5. Horst C., Erdal M.B., Jdid N. The “good citizen”:asserting and contesting norms of participation and belonging in Oslo // Ethnic and Racial Studies. 2020. # 16. P. 76-95.
6. Offe C. Referendum vs. Institutionalized Deliberation: What Democratic Theorists Can Learn
from the 2016 Brexit Decision // Daedalus. 2017. #3. P. 14-27.
7. Scott T.A., Carter D.P. Collaborative governance or private policy making? When consultants
matter more than participation in collaborative environmental planning // Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning. 2019. # 2. P. 153-173.
 
CIVIL LAW
Fedina L. M.
On the issue of budget savings and the application of anti-dumping measures in the legal regulation of legal relations in the sphere of state (municipal) order
Considerable attention to the system of state (municipal) procurement both in the scientific community and among law enforcement agencies requires a comprehensive analysis of the effectiveness of this legal mechanism. Since the entry into force of the new system of regulatory regulation for meeting state (municipal) needs, there has been a tendency to increase the use of budget funds in this area, as well as an annual assessment of the customer’s savings in the amount of contracts concluded. In this regard, this article analyzes the effectiveness of the Federal contract system, the main components of this concept. The most interesting is the conclusion of state (municipal) contracts for the purchase of goods, services and performance of works for less than one ruble.
The purpose of this article is to consider the reasons and conditions for entering into such contracts, the interest of each of the parties in such legal relations, and the analysis of existing anti-dumping measures as ways to prevent abuse of law. In addition, the scientific interest is the legal nature of state (municipal) contracts in the case of reducing the contract price during the auction to zero, and recognizing it as gratuitous.
Keywords: purchase of goods, contract system, dumping, paid contract, state and municipal needs, auction, competition, contract price, anti-dumping measures, gratuitous contract.
Work bibliographic list
1. O kontraktnoj steme v sfere kupok tovarov, rabot, lug dlja obespechenija sudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd: feder. kon ot 05.04.2013 # 44-FZ // branie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2013. – # 14.– St. 1652.
2. Opredelenie Verhovnogo suda Rossijskoj Federacii # 305-KG16-14874 ot 09.02.2017 po delu # A40-203613/2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.vsrf.ru/stor_pdf_ec.php?id=15149 84 (data o brashhenija: 15.09.2020).
3. Bagratuni A. V. Demping // Jekonomika i biznes:teorija i praktika – 2017. – T . 1. - #4. – S. 28-33
4. Boldyrev V. A. Grazhdansko-pravovaja konstrukcija juridicheskogo lica nesobstvennika: dis. …dokt. jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg. – S. 323-324.
5. Den D. Primenenie antidempingovyh mer pri organizacii torgov dlja obespechenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd // Juridicheskie issledovanija. – 2018. – # 8. – S. 1-8.
 
CIVIL LAW
Khamitova G. M.
Some aspects of legal regulation of determining the origin of children born using assisted reproductive technologies
This paper considers the contradictions in the concept of kinship, based on the determination of the origin of children born using assisted reproductive technologies. Regulatory acts of the Russian Federation devoted to such an urgent scientific and social problem as the establishment of paternity and maternity in the application of assisted reproductive technologies are analyzed. The authors provide examples from case law that confirm the legal problems described. Special attention is paid to the regulation of surrogate motherhood. The conclusion justifies the need for changes to family law.
Keywords: assisted reproductive technologies, establishment of paternity, establishment of motherhood, court practice, legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Semejnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 29.12.1995 # 223-FZ (red. ot 06.02.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: Consultant.ru›document/cons_doc_LAW_8982/ (data obrashhenija: 09.04.2020).
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.11.2011 # 323-FZ (red. ot 29.12.2017) «Ob osnovah ohrany zdorov'ja grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_121895/ (data obrashhenija: 09.04.2020).
3. Prikaz Minzdrava RF ot 30.08.2012 # 107n «O primenenii vspomogatel'nyh reproduktivnyh tehnologij (VRT) v terapii zhenskogo i muzhskogo besplodija». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: garant.ru›products/ipo/prime/doc/70218364/(data obrashhenija: 09.04.2020).
4. Reshenie Jakutskogo gorodskogo suda ot 4 marta 2019 g. po delu # 2-2141/2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/bVyvYijjgPZQ/
5. Reshenie Prikubanskogo rajonnogo suda ot 1 nojabrja 2016 g. po delu # 2-13109/2016. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/nWkdonQD14J5/
6. Kapralova A. E. Ustanovlenie proishozhdenija detej pri primenenii vspomogatel'nyh reproduktivnyh tehnologij // Molodoj uchenyj. — 2017. —# 34. — S. 63-65. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://moluch.ru/archive/168/45383/ (data obrashhenija: 15.05.2020).
7. Levushkin A. N. Juridicheskie fakty v semejnom prave Rossii i drugih gosudarstv – uchastnikov SNG // Mudryj jurist. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://wiselawyer.ru/poleznoe/66727-yuridicheskie-fakty-semejnom-prave-rossii-drugikhgosudarstv/(data obrashhenija: 09.04.2020).
8. Suhareva E. R. «Rol' sudebnoj praktiki v obespechenii reproduktivnyh prav cheloveka» // Zhurnal «Vestnik Voronezhskogo instituta MVD Rossii».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/journal/n/vestnik-voronezhskogoinstituta-mvd-rossii?i=1047895/ (data obrashhenija:10.04.2020).
 
CIVIL LAW
Shogenov Z. A.
Illegal business activities in the field of foreign exchange operations with foreign currency
The author considers the activities related to the implementation of business activities in the field of banking operations with foreign currency and valuables without registration and without a license in cases where licensing is mandatory, in which he considers the features of qualification and its impact on the possibility of illegal transactions in general. Object of research are the actions of a person in the field of the emerging social relations, that is one of the typical cases of the crime in the sphere of entrepreneurship aiming at the generation of income in large or especially large size, which are a variety of services in the field of monetary operations that allow for the existence of the shadow economy and may adversely affect the smooth functioning, the strengthening of the banking system.
Keywords: business activity, foreign currency, currency exchange operations, currency operations, licensing, individual, documentation, income.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 nojabrja 1994 goda # 51-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
3. Federal'nogo zakona RF # 395-1 ot 02.12.1990 «O bankah i bankovskoj dejatel'nosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
4. Federal'nyj zakon «O valjutnom regulirovanii i valjutnom kontrole» ot 10.12.2003 # 173-FZ.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
5. Federal'nyj zakon # 10 ot 01.07.1994. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
6. Subbotin A. M. Problemnye voprosy, svjazannye s primeneniem st. 171 UK RF // «Chernye dyry» v Rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2007.
 
CIVIL LAW
Sheremetyeva N. V., Ostroukhova V. A., Gladkikh A. E.
Topical issues of judicial practice of contracts for the provision of engineering services
The article is devoted to identifying typical types of disputes under an engineering service agreement. The article analyzes the judicial practice, as a result of which it is possible to identify which of the parties, the customer or the executor, most often applies to the courts for violation of their rights in the field of engineering services, thereby finding the cause of the dispute and try to eliminate it before the court proceedings.
Keywords: engineering, contract, litigation, engineering services.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. Chast' pervaja: federal'nyj zakon ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ (red. ot 03.08.2018).
2. O vzyskanii zadolzhennosti. Postanovlenie Trinadcatogo arbitrazhnogo apelljacionnogo suda po delu ot 6 ijulja 2012 g. # A56-58755/2011 – Rezhim dostupa: [Jelektronnyj resurs] // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=RAPS013&n=99934#05453363036741496.
 
CIVIL LAW
Esendirov A. V.
Impact of directors’ liability insurance on corporate governance
Using the example of two theories - alternative monitoring and the theory of mediation, we will consider the indirect impact of the conclusion of a liability insurance contract for members of the management bodies of legal entities on corporate governance. The indirect impact is associated with the impact of the concluded insurance contract on the behavioral incentives of shareholders in the management of the corporation. By applying the analysis of an insurance contract from the standpoint of the theories of corporate governance, which have significant political, legal and heuristic potential, to the experience of Russian regulation of these contracts, the author of the article shows the need for reasonable publication of data on the conclusion of liability contracts, critically evaluates the interdependence of corporate governance on liability insurance of its main subjects.
Keywords: directors’ liability insurance, liability, corporate governance, director.
Work bibliographic list
1. Polozhenie Banka Rossii ot 30.12.2014 # 454-P «O raskrytii informacii jemitentami jemissionnyh cennyh bumag» (red. ot 25.05.2018).
2. Inozemcev M. I., Stepanov S. K. Institut strahovanija pravovogo titula v Rossii i SShA: sushhnost' i perspektivy razvitija // Juridicheskaja nauka. 2018.# 2. S. 115-122.
3. Nektov A. V. Ogranichenie otvetstvennosti prodavca za peredachu tovara, obremenennogo intellektual'nymi pravami tret'ih lic // Dogovory kommercheskogo prava. Dogovor prodazhi tovarov: uchebnoe posobie dlja vuzov / pod obshh. red. V. A. Belova. M., 2020.
4. Soglasie na sovershenie dogovora strahovanija otvetstvennosti chlenov sovetov direktorov (nabljudatel'nyh sovetov) i dolzhnostnyh lic PAO Moskovskaja Birzha i dochernih kompanij PAO Moskovskaja Birzha v kachestve sdelki, v sovershenii kotoroj imeetsja zainteresovannost'. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&
ved=2ahUKEwizh4ydsf_pAhVykIsKHbXLBUEQFjAAegQIARAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Ffs.moex.com%2Ffiles%2F14692&usg=AOvVaw2ccxg9tNFd-c-u0mLZj3ww(data obrashhenija: 25.05.2020).
5. Baker T. Griffith S.J. Predicting Corporate Governance Risk: Evidence from the Directors’ and Officers’ Liability Insurance Market // The University of Chicago Law Review. 2007. # 74.
6. Ben-Shahar O., Logue K. D. Outsourcing Regulation:How Insurance Reduces Moral Hazard // Michigan Law Review. 2012. # 2.
7. Bishop J. New Cure to an old Ailment: Insurance against Directors’ and Officers’ Liability // Business Lawyer. 1966. # 22.
8. Griffith A. J. Uncovering a Gatekeeper: Why the SEC Should Mandate Disclosure of Details Concerning Directors’ and Officers’ Liability Insurance Policies //University of Pennsilvania Law Revew. 2006. # 154.
9. Kraakman R. et al. When are Shareholder Suits in Shareholder Interests? // The Georgetown Law Journal. 1993. # 82.
10. MacMinn R., Garven J.R. On Corporate Insurance //Handbook of Insurance. Dordrecht. 2000.
11. Mayers D., Smith C.W. On the Corporate Demand for Insurance // Journal of Business. 1982. # 2.
12. Oesterle D. A. Limits on a Corporation’s Protection of its Directors and Officers from Personal Liability //Wisconsin Law Review. 1983. # 513.
13. Otto R., Weterings W. D&O Insurance and Corporate Governance: Is D&O Insurance Indicative of the Quality of Corporate Governance in a Company? //Stanford Journal of Law, Business and Finance, 2019. #24. LexisNexis (accessed 21 August 2020).
14. Paetzmann K. “Insuring the Agents” –Managerdisziplinierung und Rolle der D&OVersicherung als Instrument der Corporate Governance// Zeitung für Versicherungswissenschaften. 2008.
15. Skogh G. Mandatory Insurance: Transaction Costs Analysis of Insurance // Encyclopedia of Law and Economics. Vol. II. NY, 2000.
16. Squire R. The Artificial Collective-action Problem in Lawsuits Against Insured Defendants // Research Handbook on the Economics of Insurance Law. Cheltenham. 2015.
 
CIVIL PROCESS
Vladimirova O. A.
Institute of mediation in civil jurisdiction: from theory to practice
The article highlights the issue of general theoretical analysis of the role and importance of mediation in the process of civil jurisdiction, through the dissemination of information about mediation to the public through the media, as well as the introduction of a course on mediation in the educational programs of higher education institutions, which, in the opinion of the authors, will help to attract new specialists to the mediation field.
The relevance of the study of this problem is determined by the essential importance and the need to resolve the problematic aspects regarding the introduction of mediation in practical use, which will lead to an increase in the number of appeals to mediation, reducing the load of the judicial system, as well as increasing the level of legal literacy of the population. The essence of the concept of mediation is revealed.
The authors identify factors that directly relate to both positive and negative aspects of mediation. The article lists the important problems of mediation, which include the non-necessity of mediation, lack of awareness of the population about the mediation procedure, the lack of enforcement of the mediation agreement. Their essence is revealed.
The authors argue that mediation can be reflected in notarial activities, namely due to the direct integration of the mediation procedure into the activities of the notary; the direction of persons who applied for notarial assistance to the mediator; certification of mediation agreements.
The authors come to the conclusion that the third approach is one of the most logical and effective methods of ensuring simplified enforcement of mediation agreements and, thus, protection of the rights of bona fide participants in mediation. It seems that this approach
can eliminate the problem of non-fulfillment of the mediation agreement and create an additional guarantee of the principle of voluntariness in mediation.
Thus, the article raises the problems of integration of mediation in the Russian civil process. The authors believe that this institution can successfully solve the problems of the modern judicial system, but a number of reasons prevent the wide spread of mediation.
Keywords: reconciliation, pre-trial settlement of the dispute, mediation, civil process.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij process: uchebnik / pod red. M.K. Treushnikova. – M.: Statut, 2014. – 504 s.
2. Kalashnikova S.I. Mediacija v sfere grazhdanskoj jurisdikcii. Serija «Biblioteka mediatora». M.:Infotropik-Media, 2011. – 576 s.
3. Mihajlova E.V. Mediacija kak otdel'nyj sposob uregulirovanija pravovyh konfliktov v chastnopravovoj sfere // Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process. – 2012. – # 5. – S.2-7.
4. Sudebnyj departament pri Verhovnom Sude Rossijskoj Federacii. Dannye sudebnoj statistiki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79 (data obrashhenija:18.09.2020).
5. Furtak A.A. Grazhdansko-pravovaja priroda mediativnogo soglashenija: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid.nauk. – M., 2015. – 28 s.
 
CIVIL PROCESS
Кitaeva A. V.
Changes in procedural reform: jurisdiction of justices of the peace and district judges
This article discusses the changes made to the “Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation” from 14.11.2002 № 138-FZ (ed. from 02.12.2019). Namely, changes in St. 23 CPC RF, which establishes the jurisdiction of civil cases to magistrate. The article analyzes the review of the “procedural reform”: how to sue under the CPC from October 1, 2019, and also highlights the problematic issues of the criteria for distinguishing civil cases. The article presents a wide range of changes related to changes in the jurisdiction of magistrates and district courts that are important and do not need to be corrected.
Keywords: civil litigation, magistrate, jurisdiction of justices of the peace, code of civil procedure code, jurisdiction of district courts.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob obshhem chisle mirovyh sudej i kolichestve sudebnyh uchastkov v sub"ektah Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 29.12.1999 # 218-FZ.
2. Glebovskij Ja. A. Nekotorye voprosy razgranichenija podsudnosti grazhdanskih del mezhdu rajonnym sudom i mirovym sud'ej // Mirovoj sud'ja. - 2015.- # 3. - S. 23-26.
3. Mihajlova E. V. K voprosu o haraktere grazhdanskih del, podsudnyh mirovomu sud'e // Mirovoj sud'ja. -2012. - # 2. - S. 15-18.
4. Obzor: «Processual'naja reforma: kak sudit'sja po GPK s 1 oktjabrja 2019 goda». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 11.09.2020).
5. Uksusova E. E. Mirovye sud'i: problemy primenenija pravil podsudnosti grazhdanskih del // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. - 2009. - # 5.
 
Juvenile LAY
Ananjeva E. O., Bondarenko I. V.
Norms of Russian legislation while respecting the rights of minors
The article deals with the protection of the rights of minors in schools. Norms and rights of children to free provision of basic necessities: clean drinking water and hot meals. Examples of foreign experience in the activities of state leaders are given. Proposals are made to change the legislation in this direction.
Keyword: minors, legislation, the Convention on the rights of the child, teacher assistance, free access, guarantees of protection.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prava rebenka v shkole: osnovnye prava i objazannosti uchenikov. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://zakonoved.su/prava-rebenka-v-shkolenarushenie.html (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2020).
2. V Rossii shkol'niku zapretili pit' iz kulera za nezhelanie sdat' den'gi na nego. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lenta.ru/news/2020/02/06/cooler/ (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2020).
3. Opyt zapadnyh stran v reformirovanii shkol'nogo pitanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://pandia.ru/text/80/104/51038.php (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2020).
4. Rosstat nazval dolju ohvachennyh gorjachim pitaniem shkol'nikov. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://news.rambler.ru/education/43041701-rosstat-nazval-dolyu-ohvachennyh-goryachimpitaniem-shkolnikov/ (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2020).

FAMILY LAY
Kashtanova A. O.
Family legal responsibility of minor parents sentenced to imprisonment
The article is devoted to the definition of the essence of family legal responsibility, consideration of measures of family legal responsibility of minor parents sentenced to imprisonment, expressed in the restriction and deprivation of parental rights. In the article the grounds are listed that may lead to the deprivation of parental rights with the specifics of the detention of minor parents in places of deprivation of liberty. The article presents statistical data from official sources of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, confirming the need for legislative consolidation of information and communication methods of interaction between convicts and relatives. The article contains the author’s recommendations for solving problems related to the preservation and maintenance of socially useful relations of convicts with their relatives.
Keywords: Family code, responsibility, family legal responsibility, minor, parents, children, restriction of parental rights, deprivation of parental rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Smirnovskaja S. I. Ogranichenie roditel'skih prav po semejnomu zakonodatel'stvu Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2007.
2. Chicherova L. E. Otvetstvennost' v semejnom prave: voprosy teorii i praktiki: dis. …kand. jurid. nauk.– Krasnodar, 2004.
 
FAMILY LAY
Kozhina Yu. A.
The influence of the family on the formation of personality
Family relationships are one of the most important aspects of a person’s life, which play a decisive role in the formation of a personality. In the last decade, the Russian state has been paying unprecedented attention to the problems of family education and socialization of the younger generation. Taking into account the specifics of family relations, state intervention is reduced to a reasonable minimum. At the same time, the prosperity of the state depends on the society, which is formed in a single family. Therefore, the state pursues an active family policy in the field of raising children as an essential condition for development, prosperity, national security and integrity.
Keywords: family, law, upbringing, moral principles, traditions, strengthening of society, conflicts, abuse of right, increased parental responsibility, offenses, crimes against the family.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 14 nojabrja 2017 g. # 44 «O praktike primenenija sudami zakonodatel'stva pri razreshenii sporov, svjazannyh s zashhitoj prav i zakonnyh interesov rebenka pri neposredstvennoj ugroze ego zhizni ili zdorov'ju, a takzhe pri ogranichenii ili lishenii roditel'skim prav».
2. Biblija pereskazannaja dlja novonachal'nyh. - M.: Kovcheg, 2007.
3. Doklad Pavla Astahova na H s"ezde Upolnomochennyh po pravam rebenka v sub"ektah Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.rfdeti.ru/news/8994-doklad-pavla-astahovana-h-sezde-upolnomochennyh-po-pravam-rebenka-vsubektah-rf.html.
4. Koni A. F. Sobranie sochinenij v 8 tomah. T. 5. Ocherki biograficheskogo haraktera. - M., 1968.
5. Malein N. S. Zakon, otvetstvennosti i zloupotreblenie pravom // Sov. gos-vo i pravo. - 1991. - # 11.
6. Marks K., Jengel's F. Marks K. i Jengel's F. Chelovek kak predmet vospitanija // Sobr. soch. v 11 t. T. 8. - M.,L., 1950. - Soch. T. 21.
7. Nechaeva A. M. Pravonarushenija v sfere lichnyh semejnyh otnoshenij. - M.: Nauka, 1991.
8. Ushinskij K. D. Sobr. Soch. v 11 t. T. 2. - M.-L.: APN RSFSR, 1948-1952.
9. Shershenevich G. F. Uchebnik grazhdanskogo prava. - S.:Spark, 1995.
 
LABOUR LAW
Vyzhimova N. G., Pomykalova M. I., Torban Ya. A., Burlina E. A.
On the problem of preserving national labor potential
The article examines certain aspects of internal and external labor migration in the Russian Federation. Migration can be considered a problem that has not yet received a sufficiently complete understanding and adequate government response. Multiple socio-economic changes, including those of a crisis nature, have generated a difficult situation associated with the outflow of the working-age population from the regions. The study identifies the reasons for the frequent change of residence of citizens and the search for new jobs in other regions and abroad, analyzes the migration preferences of citizens and suggests measures to resolve this problem.
Keywords: internal labor migration, labor market, labor potential.
Work bibliographic list
1. Meshkova E.Ju. Prichiny i posledstvija vnutrennej trudovoj migracii naselenija regionov Rossii //Evrazijskoe nauchnoe ob"edinenie. - 2019 - # 6-4(52). - S. 251-254.
 
INFORMATION LAW
Ragimhanova D. A., Ragimhanova K. T.
Fundamentals of information openness of state authorities in foreign countries
The article considers some features of information openness of government authorities in foreign countries. The conclusion is made regarding the sustainable development of information openness in foreign countries. Having analyzed modern international practice, as well as legislation and experience of individual countries in the field of legal support of information openness, it is concluded that there is a stable and very noticeable trend towards building and forming an information society. This is a legal guideline for the development of Russian legislation.
Keywords: information openness, public authorities, information society, information technologies, information exchange.
Work bibliographic list
1. Butakova E. I. Povyshenie informacionnoj otkrytosti organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti // Vestnik nauchnyh konferencij. - 2018.- # 6.
2. Danichkina I. A. Informacionnaja otkrytost' gosudarstvennoj vlasti // Krymskij Akademicheskij Vestnik. - 2019. - # 10.
3. Dunaeva E. V. Informacionnaja otkrytost' organov vlasti: teoreticheskie podhody i normativnye uslovija osushhestvlenija // Informacionnye tehnologii v modelirovanii i upravlenii. - 2019. - # 1.
4. Patrusheva E. G. Informacionnaja otkrytost' kak sredstvo snizhenija riskov investirovanija // Jekonomika i upravlenie: teorija i praktika. - 2019. -# 1.
5. Petrin I. V. Otkrytost' informacii v dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennyh organov // Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. - 2019. - # 1.
6. Trubenkov N. Ju. Normativno-pravovoe obosnovanie informacionnoj otkrytosti pri rabote s organami municipal'noj vlasti // Studencheskij vestnik. - 2019. - # 2.
 
INFORMATION LAW
Chervyakov M. E., Mironov A. G.
On the question of the development of agricultural cluster in modern Russia: theoretical and legal aspect
The article examines the peculiarities of the development of the agro-industrial complex of modern Russia in terms of the introduction of information technologies in the agricultural sector. In the course of research and analysis of regulatory legal acts, the authors come to the conclusion that the effectiveness of the ongoing state reforms will allow the Russian Federation to implement the vector directions of the Strategy for the Development of the Agro-Industrial Sector in the Russian Federation by 2030, which in turn will enhance the role of the state in the political arena of the world community. The development of the state mechanism cannot be imagined without an efficiently operating agricultural sector, which is the central link in the system of domestic policy of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: agro-industrial sector, information policy, public authorities, state, efficiency, state mechanism, electronic information accounting systems, effective management.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vlasov V.A. Nekotorye jekonomiko-pravovye aspekty obespechenija prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. 2018. # 4 (160). S. 117-123.
2. Putin V.V. Vystuplenie na Peterburgskom mezhdunarodnom jekonomicheskom forume 7 ijunja 2016 g.
3. Tepljashin I.V. Fastovich G.G. Kriterii jeffektivnosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma: obshheteoreticheskij analiz // Obshhestvo i pravo. 2011. # 4 (36). S. 43-47.
4. Tepljashin I.V. Fastovich G.G. Mesto i rol' organov mestnogo samoupravlenija v jeffektivnoj dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma sovremennoj Rossii // Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. 2011. # 12. S 21-24.
5. Ushachev I. Jekonomicheskij rost i konkurentosposobnost' sel'skogo hozjajstva Rossijskoj Federacii //APK: jekonomika i upravlenie. 2009. # 3. S. 14-15.
6. Fastovich G.G., Bondarenko S.V. Modernizacija sistemy vysshego obrazovanija kak faktor povyshenija jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma // Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. 2019. # 1 (169). S. 29-31.
7. Fastovich G.G. Mezhdunarodnoe regulirovanie otnoshenij v sfere ispol'zovanija i ohrany zemel' //Fastovich G.G. Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. 2019. #9 (177). S. 80-81.
8. Fastovich G.G., Kapsargina S.A. Institute of import substitution in the agro-industrial complex of modern Russia (theoretical and legal approach) – AGRITECH-II – 2019 // IOP Conference
Series: Earth and Environmenatl Science. 2020. Vol. 421 (3). P.032035. Doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/421/3/032035.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Boguslavskaya N. A.
Topical issues of internal financial control in the budgetary legislation of the Russian Federation
The article examines the concept, signs of internal financial control, provides a correlation between internal financial control and internal financial audit, proposes a classification of internal financial control, identifies problems arising in connection with the relationship of internal financial control provided for in Articles 160.2-1 and 269.2 of the Budget Code of the Russian Federation, directions for improving budgetary legislation are proposed.
Keywords: internal financial control, internal financial audit, federal standards of internal financial audit, budget legislation, audit activity, methods of internal financial control.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bjudzhetnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 31.07.1998 g. (v dejstv. red.) # 145-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 1998. - # 31. - St. 3823. - [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: www.pravo.gov.ru. - 2020. 31 ijulja. - # 0001202007310062.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 26.07.2019 g. # 199-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 2019. - # 30. - St. 4101.
3. Prikaz Minfina Rossii ot 18.12.2019 g. # 237n.- [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: www.pravo.gov.ru. 2020. 10 janvarja.
4. Prikaz Minfina Rossii ot 21.11.2019 g. # 195n.- [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: www.pravo.gov.ru. 2019. 19 dekabrja.
5. Prikaz Minfina Rossii ot 22.05.2020 g. # 91n.- [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: www.pravo.gov.ru. - 2020. 25 ijunja.
6. Gusev A. Vnutrennij finansovyj audit: realizacija rezul'tatov kontrol'noj dejatel'nosti // Revizii i proverki finansovo-hozjajstvennoj dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennyh (municipal'nyh) uchrezhdenij. - 2020. - # 7. - S. 19-27.
7. Dreving S.R., Hrustova L.E. Sovremennoe ponimanie kategorii «vnutrennij finansovyj kontrol'»:problemy i perspektivy izuchenija // Upravlencheskie nauki. - 2016. - # 3. - S. 39.
8. Pis'mo Minfina Rossii ot 13.05.2020 g. # 02-02-05/38559 // Oficial'no ne opublikovano. - [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.audar-info.ru/na/article/view/type_id/15/doc_id/70025.
9. Pis'mo Minfina Rossii ot 17.12.2019 g. # 02-02-05/98728 // Oficial'no ne opublikovano. - [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/73145770.
10. Usenko O. I. Model' vnutrennego finansovogo kontrolja v bjudzhetnom sektore: avtoreferat dis. ...kandidata jekonomicheskih nauk: 08.00.10, 08.00.12. -Sankt-Peterburg, 2015.
 
TAX LAW
Aliev Sh. I., Alieva Z. M.
Main directions for improving the tax control system in Russia based on the best practices of foreign countries
In the article, based on the analysis of forms and methods of tax control in the Russian Federation, as well as studying the features of the mechanism of functioning of tax control bodies of foreign States, forms and methods of tax control of foreign countries, the authors identify opportunities for implementing best practices of foreign countries in the Russian tax control system, and develop appropriate recommendations and proposals.
Using the best practices of foreign countries will improve some areas of tax control in Russia and will contribute to ensuring the economic security of our state.
Keywords: Tax control, system of administration, functioning of tax control bodies, experience of foreign countries.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kulesh V.A. Zashhita interesov nalogoplatel'shhikov. - SPb.: Piter, 2017.
2. Onoshko N.K. Vstrechnaja proverka kak meroprijatie nalogovogo kontrolja // Nalogovyj vestnik.- 2014. - # 2. - S. 7-11.
3. Tjutjurjukov N.N. Nalogovye sistemy zarubezhnyh stran: Evropa i SShA. - M.: Dashkov i Ko, 2017. - 243 s.
4. Sheshukova T.G., Balenko D.V. Razvitie nalogovogo kontrolja: opyt zarubezhnyh stran // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Jekonomika. - 2018. # 3(18). - S. 122-128.
5. PEW Research Center “American views of taxes and the IRS”. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pewresearch.org/facttank (data obrashhenija: 06.01.2019 g.).
 
TAX LAW
Aliev Sh. I., Alieva Z. M., Omarov M. A.
Tax control in Germany
The article says that tax control in Germany has its own characteristics. The responsibility for tax control in the country is assigned to the tax police “Steufa”, which is a special body of the German Ministry of Finance and deals with the implementation of the country’s policy in the field of taxes and fees. Steufa includes investigating unit and specific units involved in the investigation of offences related to violation of tax laws and tax evasion within the established deadlines. German judicial practice related to cases of tax offenses allows us to distinguish three stages of tax offense. According to the authors, Russia can adopt some areas of tax administration in Germany.
Keywords: tax control, Germany, judicial practice, tax offenses.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bazedov P.V. Shahidzhanjan R.G. Spravochnik. Nalogovaja sistema Germanii. - M.: Poliglossum, 2015.
2. Butuzova A. S. K voprosu organizacii nalogovogo kontrolja v Germanii // Jekonomika, upravlenie, finansy: materialy VIII Mezhdunar. nauch. konf. (g.Krasnodar, fevral' 2018 g.). - Krasnodar: Novacija, 2018. - S. 144.
3. Delo #TS 06948, Ministerstvo Justicii Velikobritanii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://financeandtax.decisions.tribunals.gov.uk//judgmentfiles/j10912/TC06948.pdf (data obrashhenija:14.09.2020).
4. Shuvalov A. E., Stepina A. M. Nalogovaja politika federativnoj respubliki Germanija // Statistika i jekonomika. - 2017. - # 2. - S. 146-150.
5. German police raid Deutsche Bank offices in tax haven case, Internet-portal BostonGlobe. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.bostonglobe.com/business/2019/03/29/german-police-raid-deutschebank-offices-tax-haven-case/MMlrxlVua9i7KaJqbOGfnN/story.
6. Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www. destatis.de (data obrashhenija: 13.01.2019).
7. Verordnung des Finanzministeriums Deutschlands Über die Rationalisierung der Auswahl der Steuerzahlerfür Kontrollprüfungen. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://dip21.bundestag.de/dip21/btd/17/113/1711330 (data obrashhenija: 23.09.2020).
 
ECOLOGICAL LAW
Ponomarenko A. V., Maksimova E. V., Snetkov V. N., Veshkelskiy A. S.
To the question of the powers of state authorities in the field of the disposal of industrial and domestic waste
The article deals with the distribution of powers in the field of environmental protection between the Russian Federation, the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local governments in the field of production and consumption waste management.
The article analyzes the federal legislation in the field of environmental protection and problematic aspects of its improvement. The article provides links to the works of domestic researchers specializing in the field of legal environmental protection. The need to intensify the adoption of regulatory legal acts at the level of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of production and consumption waste management is noted.
Keywords: environmental protection, environmental powers, legislative regulation, industrial and domestic waste disposal.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anisimov A.P., Kodolova A.V., Chikil'dina A.Ju. Kommentarij k Federal'nomu zakonu ot 24 ijunja 1998 g. # 89-fz «Ob othodah proizvodstva i potreblenija». – Saratov, 2009.
2. Anisimov A.P. Sovremennye problemy formirovanija jekologo-pravovoj kul'tury v Rossii //Aktual'nye problemy povyshenija pravovoj gramotnosti i pravosoznanija grazhdan. Materialy nacional'noj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii.– 2020. – S. 14-17.
3. Ermolina M.A., Burda V.I. Aktual'nye problemy sovershenstvovanija federal'nogo zakonodatel'stva v oblasti gosudarstvennogo jekologicheskogo nadzora// Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 6(133). – S. 162-164.
4. Ermolina M.A., Grishkina A.S. Jekonomicheskij mehanizm ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy v stranah Zapadnoj Evropy // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.– 2016. – # 2 (93). – S. 236-239.
5. Ignat'eva I.A. Problemy normativno-tehnicheskoj reglamentacii kontrol'no-nadzornoj dejatel'nosti v oblasti obrashhenija s othodami // Sovremennye tendencii razvitija jekologicheskogo, zemel'nogo i agrarnogo prava. Materialy II Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Moskva, 2020. – S. 28-32.
6. Ponomarenko A.V. Retrospektiva sovershenstvovanija zakonodatel'stva ob utilizacii promyshlennyh i bytovyh othodov pervogo desjatiletija XXIveka v Rossii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.– 2018. – # 3.– C. 378-381.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Ganaeva E. E., Voskanov M. E.
Issues of combating extremism: analysis of foreign experience
Тhe article analyzes the experience of some foreign countries and the legal regulation of countering extremism. It would be reasonable for the domestic legislator to take into account the accumulated experience in order to improve the legal means used in the fight against extremism. As a result of the research, the author comes to the conclusion that almost all countries take comprehensive measures to combat this phenomenon, both in the social and economic spheres, as well as take measures related to the development of anti-extremist ideology. International coordination, interaction and cooperation are key factors in addressing the spread of extremism. But a number of examples in the history of the twenty-first century demonstrate that the violation of international law and interference by some countries in the life of others leads to a deterioration of the global situation and the strengthening of extremist threats.
Keywords: extremism, extremist activity, foreign experience, counteraction measures, terrorism, anti-extremist ideology, extremist threats.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andreev A.V, Epifanov B.V. Zakonodatel'stvo zarubezhnyh gosudarstv ob otvetstvennosti za finansirovanie jekstremizma // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2015.# 4 (68). S. 100-103.
2. Beshukova Z.M. Sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz zakonodatel'stva gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG ob otvetstvennosti za jekstremizm // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Pravovedenie. 2014. # 3 (314).S.133-143.
3. Bidova B.B., Ossaulenko S.L. Kriminal'nyj religioznyj jekstremizm: ponjatie, sushhnost' i puti preodolenija // Sovremennye fundamental'nye i prikladnye issledovanija. 2016. T. 2. # 2 (21). S. 93-97.
4. Informacionnoe soobshhenie o chetvertoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii po voprosu sotrudnichestva v protivodejstvii mezhdunarodnomu terrorizmu i jekstremizmu mezhdu gosudarstvami-chlenami ShOS i gosudarstvami-nabljudateljami pri ShOS //RATS ShOS. 31.10.2016. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ecrats.org/ru/news/6374 (data obrashhenija: 04.10.2020).
5. Kravcov D.Ju. Praktika protivodejstvija jekstremizmu v raznyh stranah // NB: Administrativnoe pravo i praktika administrirovanija. 2019. # 4. S. 22 – 28.
6. Novyj Ugolovnyj kodeks Francii: Prinjat 22 ijulja 1992 g. Perevod / Poslesl. Krylovoj N. E. M.: Jurid. kolledzh MGU, 1993. 211 s.
7. Oficial'nye dokumenty ShOS // Info-ShOS.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://infoshos.ru/ru/?id=5 (data obrashhenija: 04.10.2020).
8. Hadysov M.A. Sravnitel'nyj analiz pravovogo regulirovanija protivodejstvija jekstremizmu v zarubezhnyh stranah (na primere Sodruzhestva Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv i stran Evropy) // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. 2015. # 2. S. 222-228.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Gutaev A. M., Khutuev V. A.
The legal basis for the activities of the internal affairs bodies to prevent illegal actions among minors
Minors have always been a rather vulnerable category for involvement in the criminal sphere.
Protection of their rights and interests is a priority of the internal affairs bodies as representatives of state power. This article examines the legal basis for their activities to prevent illegal actions among minors.
Keywords: minor, internal affairs bodies, warning, crime, administrative offense, law, neglect, homelessness, punishment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 24.06.1999 # 120-FZ «Ob osnovah sistemy profilaktiki beznadzornosti i pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih» (red. Ot 24.04.2020) // Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus»(data obrashhenija: 22.04.2020). St. 4-6.
2. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 01.09.2012 # 839 «O sovershenstvovanii dejatel'nosti centrov vremennogo soderzhanija dlja nesovershennoletnih pravonarushitelej» // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2012. # 290.
3. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 15.10.2013 # 845 «Ob utverzhdenii Instrukcii po organizacii dejatel'nosti podrazdelenij po delam nesovershennoletnih organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii» (red. ot 31.12.2018) // Bjulleten' normativnyh aktov federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti. 2014. # 11.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Danilova I. Yu., Zharko N. V., Novikova L. V.
Planning as a necessary component of the investigation of a penitentiary crime
In the article, the authors investigate and analyze the planning and activities of the person conducting the investigation of a penitentiary crime. Based on the generalization and analysis of the scientific literature, the author substantiates the opinion that the planning process is a necessary element of the investigation of a penitentiary crime.
Keywords: penitentiary crime, investigation planning, investigation plan.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akchurin A.V. O neobhodimosti algoritmizacii predvaritel'nogo i pervonachal'nogo jetapov rassledovanija penitenciarnyh prestuplenij // Sb. nauch. tr. Belgorodskie kriminalisticheskie chtenija. - Belgorod, 2019. - S. 127.
2. Akchurin A.V. Sostojanie i perspektivnye napravlenija kriminalisticheskih issledovanij problem rassledovanija penitenciarnyh prestuplenij //Penitenciarnaja sistema i obshhestvo: opyt vzaimodejstvija: sb. materialov IV Mezhdunarodnoj nauch.-prakt. konf. - Perm': Permskij institut FSIN Rossii, 2019. - S. 186.
3. Vasil'ev A.N., Mudyogin G.N., Jakubovich N.A. Planirovanie rassledovanija prestuplenij. - M.: Gosjurizdat, 2010.
4. Grishin D.A. Vzaimodejstvie pri rassledovanii prestuplenij // Aktual'nye problemy ugolovnogo prava, kriminologii, ugolovnogo processa i ugolovno-ispolnitel'nogo prava: teorija i praktika:sb. materialov VI Mezhdunarodnoj nauch.-prakt. konf. - Tambov: Tambovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet imeni G.R. Darzhavina, 2017. - S. 83.
5. Grishin D.A. Jeffektivnoe ispol'zovanie rezul'tatov rezhimnyh obysknyh meroprijatij v hode rassledovanija prestuplenij, sovershennyh v uchrezhdenijah UIS // IV Mezhdunarodnyj penitenciarnyj forum «Prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie»: (k 140-letiju ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossii i 85-letiju Akademii FSIN Rossii): sb. tez. vystup. i dokl. uchastnikov: v 10 t. - Rjazan': Akademija FSIN Rossii, 2019. – S. 46.
6. Drapkin L.Ja. Obshhaja harakteristika sledstvennyh situacij. - M., 2016.
7. Dubovickaja L.P., Ermolovich V.F., Ermolovich M.P. Postroenie i proverka versij. - M., 2017.
8. Zharko N.V., Danilova I.Ju., Novikova L.V. Problemy provedenija osmotra mesta proisshestvija v ispravitel'nom uchrezhdenii // Penitenciarnaja sistema i obshhestvo: opyt vzaimodejstvija: sb. materialov IV Mezhdunarodnoj nauch.-prakt. konf. - Perm': Permskij institut FSIN Rossii, 2019. - S. 204.
9. Zharko N.V., Nazarkin E.V., Novikova L.V. Planirovanie i vydvizhenie versij na pervonachal'nom jetape rassledovanija penitenciarnyh prestuplenij// Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 1(128). - S. 302.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Dikusar Ya. S., Kil Yu. E.
Parent criminal liability: optimization of existing standards
In the article, the authors analyze the main both legislative and law enforcement problems of the criminal liability of parents for committing crimes against family and minors, on the basis of which the most effective ways to solve these problems and improve the practice of considering criminal cases of this category are proposed and justified.
Keywords: criminal liability of parents, minors; child protection, domestic violence, warning of
liability.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vdovenkov V., Shirokov V. Neispolnenie objazannostej po vospitaniju nesovershennoletnego:kriminologicheskij analiz i predely ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti // Rossijskaja justicija. 2003.# 12. S. 42-43.
2. Kazanceva A.E. Objazannosti i prava roditelej (zamenjajushhih ih lic) po vospitaniju detej i otvetstvennost' za ih narushenie. Tomsk. 1987. 140 s.
3. Kravchuk N.V. Zashhita prav rebenka v sudebnom porjadke // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2004. # 6. S. 66.
4. Krylova O.A. Neispolnenie objazannostej po soderzhaniju i vospitaniju nesovershennoletnih kak osnovanie primenenija k roditeljam mer juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti // Sovremennoe pravo. 2009. # 8. S. 58.
5. Kupirova Ch.Sh. Zlostnoe uklonenie ot uplaty sredstv na soderzhanie detej v ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve Rossii // Aktual'nye problemy jekonomiki i prava. 2014. # 1 (29). S. 270.
6. Trofimova G.A. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' roditelej: optimizacija dejstvujushhih norm // Advokat. 2017. # 3. S. 64.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Elchaninov A. P.
Organizational and legal form of juvenile correctional institutions in the Russian Empire in the second half of the 19th century
The article analyzes the features of the system of correctional institutions for juvenile criminals, created in Russia in the second half of the 19th century.
The topic presented is extremely relevant in the conditions of improving the current criminal enforcement legislation and preparing the Concept for the Development of the Penal Correction System until 2030.
The author, on the basis of the provisions of the regulations, the statutes of correctional shelters and correctional colonies for juvenile offenders, using the data of the reports of these correctional institutions, reveals the peculiarities of the formation of the management and administration of these institutions, the sources of their financing, the procedure for sending and placing juvenile criminals in correctional shelters by decision of the judicial authorities, the conditions of their detention, education and re-education.
Keywords: juvenile delinquents, execution of sentences, correctional shelters, correctional facilities for juvenile delinquents, General Prison Administration, re-education of juvenile delinquents.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vysochajshe utverzhdennoe mnenie Gosudarstvennogo soveta «Ob ispravitel'nyh prijutah» // Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossijskoj Imperii. Sobranie Vtoroe. Tom XLI. Otdelenie 2. 1866 g. – SPb.: Tipografija II Otdelenija Sobstvennoj Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva Kanceljarii, 1868. – 1411 s.
2. Osnovnye voprosy ustrojstva ispravitel'nyh zavedenij dlja nesovershennoletnih // Tjuremnyj vestnik. – 1897. – # 2, fevral'. – S. 55-65.
3. Otchet sostojashhej pod Vysochajshim pokrovitel'stvom Nizhegorodskoj ispravitel'noj zemledel'cheskoj kolonii maloletnih za 1895, 1896 gg. // Tjuremnyj vestnik. – 1897. – # 5, maj. – S. 240-243.
4. Sudebnye ustavy 20 nojabrja 1864 goda: s izlozheniem rassuzhdenij, na koih oni osnovany: Ch. 4 Ustav o nakazanijah, nalagaemyh mirovymi sud'jami. SPb.:Tipografija II Otdelenija Sobstvennoj Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva Kanceljarii, 1867. – 201 s.
5. Ustav Ufimskogo obshhestva zemledel'cheskih kolonij i remeslennyh prijutov // Tjuremnyj vestnik.– 1893. – # 5, maj. – S. 1-19.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Iriskulbekov E. B.
About the need of unification of the medical workers’ concept and their status for criminal-legal goals
The article justifies the need of unification of the concept “medical workers” for criminal-legal goals that is needed to legally hold medical workers responsible and for criminal-legal protection of their rights, freedom and interest. The law of the Kyrgyz Republic does not define the term “medical workers”, although they are subjects of criminal responsibility for crimes and misdemeanors. The definition of the term is also important for the protection of health workers. The urgency of protecting the rights of health workers in the Kyrgyz Republic is also overdue due to the pandemic of the new unexplored disease COVID-19, and due to the severe political upheavals of recent decades, revolutions and unrest, when health-care workers were severely beaten and even captured.
Keywords: medical workers, criminal-legal status of medical workers, criminal-legal protection of medical workers.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belokolodova T. I. K voprosu o ponjatii medicinskogo rabotnika kak uchastnika pravootnoshenij po okazaniju medicinskoj pomoshhi // Peterburgskij jurist. - 2016. - # 2.
2. Borovyh L.V., Kirova T.A. Ugolovno-pravovoj vzgljad na professional'nyj status medicinskih rabotnikov // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki. - 2018. - # 41.
3. Vnukova V.A. O pravovom statuse medicinskih rabotnikov. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://lexandbusiness.ru/view-article.php?id=8496(data obrashhenija: 03.10.2020).
4. Zamaleeva S.V. O probleme opredelenija juridicheskogo statusa medicinskogo rabotnika // Vlast' i upravlenie na Vostoke Rossii. - 2017. - #4 (81).
5. Semenov N.S. Estestvennoe pravo v kontekste pereosmyslenija // Nauka, novye tehnologii i innovacii Kyrgyzstana. - 2016. - # 4.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Koval M. I., Chudakova S. N.
Impact of long prison terms on post-penitentiary adaptation
The article deals with the main problems related to the impact of long terms of imprisonment on persons who have served them. The article analyzes the criminal and penal enforcement legislation in relation to the purpose of punishment. Attention is drawn to the definition of the term of punishment recognized as long-term imprisonment. The features of the psychological state of convicts are investigated.
Methods of determining and comparability of the term of punishment, as well as some ways to improve the legal regulation are proposed.
Keywords: рenal system, correctional institution, punishment, long terms, imprisonment, punishment, social adaptation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andreev S.N. Nekotorye voprosy sovershenstvovanija normativno-pravovogo obespechenija raboty s licami, postavlennymi na profilakticheskij uchet v uchrezhdenijah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossii // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistemy: pravo, jekonomika, upravlenie. - 2016. - # 3. - S. 5-7.
2. Detkov M.G. Dlitel'noe lishenie svobody: ponjatie, soderzhanie, jeffektivnost' // Vestnik instituta: prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie. - Vologda, 2008. - # 2. - S. 28-32.
3. Spasennikov B.A., Smirnov A.M. Vlijanie dlitel'noj izoljacii ot obshhestva na obespechenie rezhima otbyvanija nakazanija v mestah lishenija svobody //Vestnik instituta: prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie. - Vologda, 2008. - # 4. - S. 28-30.
4. Sundukov F.R. Lishenie svobody i social'no-psihologicheskie predposylki ego jeffektivnosti. -Kazan': Kazan. un-t, 1980.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Lashchenova A. V., Demidchenko Yu. V.
Application of criminal law with administrative prejudice on the example of Art. 315 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
In this article, the author examines the application of criminal law norms with administrative prejudice on the example of Article 315 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The article reveals the content of the term “administrative collateral estoppel”. The main arguments of supporters and opponents of administrative prejudice are described. The article considers the position of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on this issue. Contradictions that arise among supporters and opponents of administrative prejudice are revealed. Topical issues of law enforcement practice are discussed, and ways to resolve them are suggested.
Keywords: administrative prejudice, administrative offense, crime, responsibility, public danger,
non-performance, obstruction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bezverhov A.G. Administrativnaja prejudicial'nost' v ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve Rossii:istoki, realii, perspektivy // Vestnik Samarskoj gumanitarnoj akademii. Ser.: Pravo. –2011. – # 2 (10). – S. 40.
2. Dagel' P.S. Osnovanija ustanovlenija ugolovnoj nakazuemosti dejanij // Izvestija vuzov. – Pravovedenie. – 1975. – # 4. – S. 67-74.
3. Demidchenko Ju.V. Institut primenenija v ugolovnom i ugolovno-processual'nom zakonodatel'stve:aktual'nye napravlenija razvitija. // Nauka i obrazovanie: hozjajstvo i jekonomika; predprinimatel'stvo; pravo i upravlenie. – 2020. – #10 (125). – S.128-130.
4. Lopashenko N.A. Administrativnoj prejudicii v ugolovnom prave net! // Vestnik Akademii General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2011. –# 3. – S. 64-71.
5. O proverke konstitucionnosti polozhenij stat'i 212.1 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s zhaloboj grazhdanina I.I. Dadina: postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF po delu ot 10.02.2017 # 2-P // Vestnik Konstitucionnogo Suda RF. – 2017. – # 2. – S. 59-82.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kushkhov R. Kh., Surtsev A. V.
Features of juvenile criminal responsibility
The authors of the article argue that the topic of the peculiarities of the criminal liability of minors is relevant in connection with the sharply increased juvenile crime in our country. According to the authors, the topic is significant for the formation of an effective system of criminal responsibility for minors and its practical application. The authors consider minors as a special subject of criminal responsibility, to which a number of features must be applied when considering criminal cases.
Keywords: juvenile, criminal liability, peculiarities, fine, measures, deprivation of liberty, psychological, psyche.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 08.06.2020) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 27.07.2020).
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 01.06.2012 # 761 «O Nacional'noj strategii dejstvij v interesah detej».
3. Antonjan Ju. M., Goncharova M. V. Sostojanie i prichiny prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih v Rossii //Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. - M.: Serija: Jurisprudencija, 2018. -# 2. - S. 87-100.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Muginova Z. R., Pestov R. A.
Institute for the consideration of criminal cases with the participation of jurors: foreign experience and trends in its development in Russia
The peculiarities of jury participation in criminal cases in foreign countries, such as: England, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United States of America and other countries of the Anglo-Saxon legal system are analyzed in the paper. Features of judicial proceedings involving various types of jury trials (jury) in the countries of continental Europe are considered. The author of the article noted some problems of the effectiveness of the jury trial in Russia. The tendencies of perfection of the institute of consideration of criminal cases with participation of jurymen in the Russian Federation are determined.
Keywords: verdict, justice, jury trial, court of lay assessors, judiciary, judicial system, competitiveness, legality, legal sense.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bagautdinov F. N., Beljaev M. V. Podgotovka k novomu jetapu razvitija suda prisjazhnyh v Rossii // Rossijskaja justicija. - 2017. - # 1. - S. 32-33.
2. Batychko V. T. Sovremennye problemy osushhestvlenija pravosudija v Rossii s uchastiem prisjazhnyh zasedatelej // Izvestija JuFU. Tehnicheskie nauki. -2009. - # 3 (92). - S. 190-194.
3. Grudinin N. S. Problemy, voznikajushhie pri rassmotrenii ugolovnyh del s uchastiem prisjazhnyh zasedatelej // JUVENIS SCIENTIA. - # 2. - 2018. - S. 21-23.
4. Dzhabrailov M. A. Sostojanie i znachenie suda s uchastiem prisjazhnyh zasedatelej v Rossii // Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2012. - # 21. - S. 32-33.
5. Ishhenko E. P., Ishhenko P. P. Tak nuzhen li v Rossii sud prisjazhnyh? // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. -2007. - # 1. - S. 3-8.
6. Kuprjashina E. A. Uchastie grazhdan v otpravlenii pravosudija v Rossii i zarubezhnyh gosudarstvah// Problemy pravoohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti. -2018. - # 1. - S. 25-28.
7. Kurs ugolovnogo processa. A. A. Arutjunjan, L. V. Brusnicyn, O. L. Vasil'ev i dr.; pod red. L. V. Golovko. - M.: Statut, 2016. - 1278 s.
8. Postanovlenie ESPCh ot 23 sentjabrja 2010 g. «Delo «Andrej Isaev (Andrey Isayev) protiv Rossijskoj Federacii»» // Bjulleten' Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka. Rossijskoe izdanie. - 2011. - # 6.- S. 91-96.
9. Sauev I. Sh. Sud s uchastiem prisjazhnyh zasedatelej:voprosy reformirovanija // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennogo zakonodatel'stva: Materialy IV Vserossijskoj mezhvuzovskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (g. Moskva, 27 aprelja 2016 g.) / otv. red.
A. G. Zabelin. - M.: MFJuA, 2016. - S. 280-284.
10. Shukjurov A. T. Missija fenomena instituta prisjazhnyh zasedatelej v Rossii // Teorii i problemy politicheskih issledovanij. - 2012. - # 4. - S. 10-21.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Reznik Zh. Yu.
Determinants and prevention of crimes in the sphere of illegal drug trafficking in prison
This article highlights the factors that contribute to the commission of crimes in the field of drug trafficking, as well as issues of crime prevention. Considering general measures to prevent drug crime, it is noted that it should include measures aimed at the economic, social, physical, spiritual, and moral development of the country’s population. Socio-economic factors and crime conditions also have a huge impact on drug trafficking.
Keywords: drug trafficking, crime, prevention, causes and conditions of crime, employee, determinants, general prevention measures, individual prevention, educational work, pedagogical work, material and technical security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kriminologija: uchebnik / pod red. prof. A. I. Dolgovoj. – M.: No rma, 2019.
2. Zvonova A.V. Ugolovno-pravovye sredstva protivodejstvija narkoprestupnosti v mestah lishenija svobody: dis. … jurid. n auk. – M. 2017.
3. Kriminologija: Uchebnik dlja aspirantov / Mackevich I.M., Aminov I.I., Antonjan E.A.; Pod red. Mackevich I.M. – M.: Jur. Norma, NIC INFRA-M, 2019. – S. 249.
4. Ganishina I. S. Narkoticheskaja zavisimost' osuzhdennyh, soderzhashhihsja v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah i sledstvennyh izoljatorah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy: monografija. – Rjazan': Akademija FSIN Rossii, 2015.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Sorokin A. I.
Some aspects of qualification of the mother’s murder of a newborn child
The article deals with Art. 106 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation «Murder of a newborn child by a mother» in the modern edition. The legal definition of infanticide in practice has caused many problems related to the qualification of the offense. The author in the article not only examines the existing positions in legal science in this regard, but also offers his opinion on the above problems.
Keywords: murder, newborn, co-execution, aggregate of crimes, evaluative signs.
Work bibliographic list
1. Delo # 34-008-3. Kassacionnoe opredelenie VS RF ot 17.03.2008 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://dogovor-urist.ru (data obrashhenija:26.06. 2020).
2. Delo # 64-008-40. Kassacionnoe opredelenie VS RF ot 14.10.2008 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://dogovor-urist.ru (data obrashhenija:26.06. 2020).
3. Gorodnova O. N., Nikolaeva A. A. Ocenochnye priznaki jelementov sostava prestuplenija «ubijstvo mater'ju novorozhdennogo rebenka» // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta kooperacii. - 2017. - # 3(29). - S. 96-99.
4. Kirovskaja prokuratura. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: www.procuratura-kirov.ru (data obrashhenija: 02.05.2020).
5. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii: v 4 t. (postatejnyj) / A. V. Brilliantov, A. V. Galahova, V. A. Davydov i dr.; otv. red. V. M.Lebedev. - M.: Jurajt, 2017. - T. 1: Obshhaja chast'. - 316 s.
6. Pamjatniki rossijskogo prava. V 35 t. T. 32. Ispravitel'no-trudovye kodeksy RSFSR: uchebno-nauchnoe posobie / pod obshh. red. dok. jurid. nauk, prof. R. L. Hachaturova, dokt. jurid. nauk, doc. Ju. V. Ospennikova. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2017. – 344 s.
7. Prihod'ko N. Ju., Sushhenko S. A. Analiticheskij obzor sostojanija prestupnosti po tjazhkim i osobo tjazhkim prestuplenijam obshheugolovnoj napravlennosti po Orlovskoj oblasti // Nauka i praktika. –2016. – # 3 (68). – S. 181-184.
8. Sargsjan A. A., Tananjan A. V. Nekotorye voprosy kvalifikacii ubijstva mater'ju novorozhdennogo rebenka // Vektor nauki TGU. - 2016. - # 3. - S. 95-97.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Stepanenko D. Yu., Stepanenko Yu. S.
Some problems of qualification of crimes under article 228 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
The article deals with the issues of qualification of crimes related to illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their analogues. We have developed proposals aimed at improving the regulatory framework in the field of improving the fight against offenses and crimes related to illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs.
Keywords: illegal traffic in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or their analogues, drug addiction, crime qualification, anti-drug policy of the state.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ob utverzhdenii Strategii gosudarstvennoj antinarkoticheskoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii do 2020 goda: ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 9 ijunja 2010 g. #690 // Sobranii zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2010. - # 24. – St. 3015.
2. O prioritetnyh napravlenijah gosudarstvennoj politiki v sfere bor'by s narkomaniej: postanovlenie SF FS RF ot 5 marta 2014 g. # 63-SF //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii.– 2014. – # 10. – St. 969.
3. Oficial'nye statisticheskie dannye MVD Rossii.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.rf/ (data obrashhenija: 05.08.2020).
4. Svetlichnaja O. V., Stepanenko Ju. S. Sovremennoe ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo kak nasledie I. Ja. Fojnickogo // Sovremennye problemy filosofii i nauki: materialy mezhvuzovskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj studencheskoj konferencii. – Irkutsk: Izd-vo IRNITU, 2017. – S. 182-186.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Sysoeva T. V., Sysoev A. V., Matsak L. V.
Problems of the implementation of the applicant’s procedural rights in criminal proceedings at the stage of initiation of a criminal case
The subject of this research is the norms of Russian law governing the stage of initiating a criminal case. The article analyzes the gaps in the criminal procedure legislation, in particular the problems of ensuring the rights of the applicant at the stage of initiating a criminal case. Suggestions are made to improve the current legislation in this area.
Keywords: applicant, criminal procedure, initiation of a criminal case, ensuring rights and legitimate interests.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. Ot 31.07.2020). M.: Izdatel'stvo: Omega-L., 2020.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. M.:Izdatel'stvo: Omega-L., 2020.
3. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 10 fevralja 2009 g. # 1 g.Moskva «O praktike rassmotrenija sudami zhalob v porjadke stat'i 125 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // Bjulleten'. 2009. # 2.
4. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 12 marta 2019 g. # 578-O “Po zhalobe grazhdanina Suslova Olega Borisovicha na narushenie ego konstitucionnyh prav chastjami pervoj, shestoj i sed'moj stat'i 148 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii”. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://legalacts.ru/doc/opredelenie-konstitutsionnogo-suda-rf-ot-12032019-n-578-o-po/ (data obrashhenija: 29.09.2020).
5. Prikaz MVD RF ot 31 dekabrja 2012 g. # 1166 “Voprosy organizacii dejatel'nosti uchastkovyh-upolnomochennyh. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_144038/ (data obrashhenija: 29.09.2020).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Sych K. A.
Criminal punishment and levels of its functioning
The article raises the problem of the functioning of punishment in its static and dynamic vein. The levels of functioning make it possible to determine punishment in terms of the category of law (dogma) and legal phenomenon. Punishment as a legal phenomenon means that the measure of punishment is implemented in an act of law enforcement activity (court verdict).
Keywords: punishment, measure of state coercion, levels of functioning of criminal punishment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bentam I. Rassuzhdenija o grazhdanskom i ugolovnom zakonopolozhenii (sochinenija anglijskogo juriskonsul'ta). - SPB., 1806.
2. Sych K. A. Ugolovnoe nakazanie i ego klassifikacija: opyt teoreticheskogo modelirovanija. Monografija. - SPB., 2002.
3. Tagancev N. S. Russkoe ugolovno pravo. - Spb., 1902.
4. Trajnin A., Men'shagin V., Vyshinskaja Z. Ugolovnyj kodeks RSFSR 1926 g. / pod red. i predisloviem Predsedatelja Verhovnogo suda SSSR I. T. Goljakova.- M., 1944.
5. Fejerbah A. Ugolovnoe pravo. - Spb., 1810.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Umarova A. A., Lebedinskaya V. P.
Law-making errors in criminal law
The author analyzes the law enforcement errors in the field of criminal law. The article analyzes some articles of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, in which there is a law-making error, which usually causes serious financial damage to the parties to the conflict.
It is concluded that the current approach, according to which the state should “make amends” for law enforcement errors at the expense of the national budget, does not seem to be correct. One of the possible ways to correct it is to differentiate the responsibility of a lawyerpractice and introduce financial sanctions for the relevant department.
Keywords: law-making, legal norm, legality, law enforcement, law-making error, criminal law, responsibility, criminal liability.
Work bibliographic list
1. Azarhin A.V. Pravotvorcheskie oshibki kak istochnik vozniknovenija ili usilenija riskov // Vestnik VUiT. 2018. # 4. S. 5-13.
2. Bidova B.B., Ganaeva E.Je., Mucalov Sh.Sh. Ugolovnoe pravo: osobennaja chast'. Uchebnik. V 2-h tomah. Tom 2. Kislovodsk: Uchebnyj centr «Magistr», 2016. 338 s.
3. Gauhman L.D. Kvalifikacija prestuplenij: zakon, teorija, praktika. M.: JurInfoR, 2013. 682 s.
4. Isanova B. S. Zakonotvorcheskie oshibki: obshheteoreticheskij aspekt // Aktual'nye problemy prava: materialy V Mezhdunar. nauch. konf. (g. Moskva, dekabr' 2016 g.). M.: Buki-Vedi, 2016. S. 5-7.
5. Kaufman M.A. Pravotvorcheskie oshibki v ugolovnom prave // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2016. # 9. S. 92-101.
6. Lisjutkin A.B. Juridicheskoe znachenie kategorii «oshibka»: teoretiko-metodologicheskij aspekt: Monografija. Saratov, 2001. 348 s.
7. Lopashenko N.A. Ugolovnaja politika po principu «chego izvolite?», ili ugolovnyj zakon kak sredstvo reshenija vseh problem // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 11: Pravo. 2015. # 1. S. 44-55
8. Pashhenko E.A. Problemy kvalifikacii prestuplenij protiv polovoj neprikosnovennosti nesovershennoletnih // Severo-Kavkazskij juridicheskij vestnik. 2012. # 3. S. 62-65.
9. Rarog A. I. Oshibka zakonodatelja: vidy, prichiny, puti ispravlenija // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2019. #4 (101). S. 95-103.
10. Samusevich A.G. Zakonotvorcheskaja oshibka kak osnovanie dlja privlechenija k juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti // Juridicheskaja tehnika. 2015. #9. S. 673-678.
11. Skol'ko v Gosdume juristov? // Special'noe obrazovanie v oblasti prava est' u 88 deputatov. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://zakon.ru/discussion/2016/10/5 (data obrashhenija: 04.10.2020).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Tailova A. G., Abakarova B. G., Dzhamalova B. B.
Human trafficking in the period of the COVID-19 pandemic
The article says that criminal organizations have evolved in the face of self-isolation and travel bans caused by the pandemic. Criminals began to use the pandemic as an opportunity to exploit those who are economically discontented. The pandemic also creates a new class of victims. In many developed countries, including the United States and the United Kingdom, young women who cannot afford to pay rent or are in a vulnerable financial situation are sexually assaulted by landlords.
At the same time, most of the victims of human trafficking are the most vulnerable segments of the population – women, children, the disabled, etc. The experience of combating human trafficking has not been able to completely eliminate this anti-social phenomenon, as a result of which human trafficking continues to exist in the modern world and requires the development of new measures to counter it.
Keywords: pandemic, human trafficking, slave labor, human exploitation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 30.11.2016 # 640 «Ob utverzhdenii Koncepcii vneshnej politiki Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2016. # 49. st. 6886
2. Protokol o preduprezhdenii i presechenii torgovli ljud'mi, osobenno zhenshhinami i det'mi, i nakazanii za nee, dopolnjajushhij konvenciju organizacii ob"edinennyh nacij protiv transnacional'noj organizovannoj prestupnosti / Prinjat v g. N'ju-Jorke 15.11.2000 Rezoljuciej 55/25 na 62-om plenarnom zasedanii 55-oj sessii General'noj Assamblei OON // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2004. # 40
3. Zhandarova I. V mire naschitali 40 millionov rabov // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2018. 22 ijulja.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Yakhyayeva M. U., Simonyan A. V.
Problems of the practice of assigning and executing criminal punishment in the form of restriction of freedom
The author gives a criminal-legal assessment of the imposition of punishment in the form of restriction of freedom. From the perspective of a holistic view of the problem, the article examines the subject of such punishment, regulated by the criminal law norms of the Russian Federation. The article comprehensively examines the mutual relationship between restriction of freedom and administrative supervision of convicts after the completion of their sentence and probation, as well as the productivity of imposing a sentence in the form of restriction of freedom. The article reflects statistical information that reflects the main characteristics of the use of punishment in the form of restriction of freedom, and demonstrates the work of Federal courts.
Keywords: punishment, execution, practice of appointment, judicial system, restriction of freedom.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bidova B. B., Ganaeva E. Je., Mucalov Sh. Sh. Ugolovnoe pravo: osobennaja chast'. Uchebnik. V 2-h tomah. Tom 2. -Kislovodsk: Uchebnyj centr» Magistr», 2016. - 338 s.
2. Zvonov A. V. Sootnoshenie uslovnogo osuzhdenija i nakazanij, al'ternativnyh izoljacii ot obshhestva //Juridicheskaja nauka i pravoohranitel'naja praktika.- 2016. - # 4 (36). - S. 108-109.
3. Mkrtychjan S. A. Sovremennaja sistema nakazanij: problemy i puti reformirovanija // Obshhestvo i pravo.- 2013. - # 2 (44). - S. 113-116.
4. Tataurov O. S. Naznachenie nakazanija v vide ogranichenija svobody // Zakonnost'. - 2013. - # 7. - S. 108-113.
5. Hodzhaliev S. A. Sovremennoe sostojanie praktiki naznachenija i ispolnenija ugolovnogo nakazanija v vide ogranichenija svobody // Molodoj uchenyj. - 2015. - #17. - S. 386-389.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Umarova M. A.
Anticorruption policy: foreign experience
Ensuring sustainable socio-economic development of the country, especially in the current unstable economic situation, is necessarily associated with the fight against corruption, the main threat to the rule of law. The problem of combating corruption crime is relevant not only for the scientific community, but also for all government agencies. The international community is making every effort to combine efforts to prevent and combat corruption crimes. The growing level of corruption crime in our country certainly requires understanding the foreign experience of countries with developed civil society institutions. As part of this task, a study of the anti-corruption legislation of European countries was conducted for the purpose of analysis. As conclusions, the author gives suggestions for improving the legislation on combating corruption crime.
Keywords: corruption, politics, criminal policy, counteraction, foreign legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aleksandrov A.S., Aleksandrova I.A. Novaja ugolovnaja politika v sfere protivodejstvija jekonomicheskoj i nalogovoj prestupnosti: est' voprosy // Biblioteka kriminalista. Nauchnyj zhurnal. 2018. # 1 (6). S. 5-20.
2. Aleksandrova I.A. Vzjatochnichestvo po zakonodatel'stvu Velikobritanii i Rossii. Stat'ja # 1. Prestuplenie odno, podhody i reglamentacii raznye // Rossijskij sledovatel'. 2016. # 21. S. 34-38.
3. Bidova B.B., Ganaeva E.Je., Mucalov Sh.Sh. Ugolovnoe pravo: osobennaja chast'. Uchebnik. V 2-h tomah. Tom 2. Kislovodsk: Uchebnyj centr «Magistr», 2016. 338 s.
4. Gavrilov M.V. Modelirovanie v antikorrupcionnoj politike // Pravosudie. 2015. # 3. S. 70-75.
5. Karagodin N.I. Formirovanie korpusa gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih: zarubezhnyj opyt dlja Rossii // Mezhdunarodnaja jekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija. 1993. # 2. S. 80-86.
6. Krasnov M.A. Korrupcija v zakone // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2018. # 6. S. 25-31.
7. Juzhakov V.N. Protivodejstvie korrupcii. M.: Izd. Fonda strategicheskih razrabotok, 2015. 211 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Babenko S. V.
Institute of rehabilitation in the Russian criminal process:practical aspects
The article deals with the issues of ruling acquittals, examines the factors that prevent the issuance of this type of rulings. The analysis of the legislation regulating the issues of compensation for damage caused by illegal criminal prosecution allows us to come to the conclusion that some of its norms are inconsistent. In order to eliminate the existing contradictions, the author proposed changes to the legislation.
Keywords: criminal proceedings, bodies of inquiry and preliminary investigation, criminal prosecution, acquittal, rehabilitation, compensation for harm.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo suda RF ot 29.11.2011 (red. ot 02.04.2013) «O porjadke primenenija sudami norm glavy 18 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii, reglamentirujushhih reabilitaciju v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_189010/.
2. Oficial'nyj internet-portal Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: www.vsrf.ru (data obrashhenija:03.11.2019).
3. Oficial'nyj internet-portal Rossijskoe agentstvo pravovoj i sudebnoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.rapsinews.ru.
4. Bashinskaja I. G. Aktual'nye problemy vozmeshhenija vreda, prichinennogo grazhdaninu nezakonnym ugolovnym presledovaniem // Obshhestvo i pravo. –2014. – # 4 (50). – S. 322-323.
5. Tat'janin D. V. Reabilitacija v ugolovnom processe.– M.: Jurlitinform. 2010.
6. Podoprigora A. A., Chupilkin Ju. B. Aktual'nye voprosy instituta reabilitacii v rossijskom ugolovnom processe // Rossijskaja justicija. – 2015. – #7. – S. 46-50.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Ignatova O. N.
Preliminary investigation in the context of a pandemic:ways to solve problems
The article analyzes the problems of preliminary investigation that arose during the pandemic in the first half of 2020. The author gives examples of their resolution by the bodies engaged in criminal procedure, as well as the methods proposed in the scientific literature.
Special attention is paid to the issue of legislative consolidation of the possibility of remote investigative actions, the conditions for the admissibility of this method of conducting a preliminary investigation: ensuring the possibility of identifying the person being questioned, guarantees of complete and accurate recording of the results of the investigative action and their procedural registration.
Based on the results of the study, the author suggests a solution to the problem of conducting investigative actions in the conditions of the impossibility of the interrogated person’s arrival at a state body or official: using video conferencing on the basis of a Single Portal of Public Services.
Keywords: delegation of procedural powers, use of videoconferencing, alternative methods of investigative actions, investigative actions, criminal proceedings, pandemic.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arhipova E.A. Primenenie videokonferencsvjazi v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve Rossii i zarubezhnyh stran: sravnitel'no-pravovoe issledovanie: avto-referat dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2013.
2. Vetrila E.V. Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo Rossii v uslovijah pandemii: problemy i perspektivy // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 4 (143). – S. 349.
3. Latypov V.S. Primenim li UPK Rossii v uslovijah pandemii? (V kontekste vovlechenija i uchastija lic, okazyvajushhih sodejstvie) // Vestnik Ufimskogo juridicheskogo
instituta MVD Rossii. – 2020. – # 2 (88). – S. 72-79.
4. Matinov S.G., Reshetov E.V., Matinova Z.G. Rassledovanie i rassmotrenie ugolovnyh del v uslovijah pandemii // Nauka i obrazovanie: hozjajstvo i jekonomika; predprinimatel'stvo; pravo i upravlenie. – 2020. – # 7 (122). – S. 106-108.
5. Rodivilina V.A. Processual'nye osobennosti ispol'zovanija tehnicheskih sredstv v stadii predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija: avtoreferat dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. – Irkutsk, 2016. – S. 26.
6. Churkin A.V. «Ne pora li uregulirovat' v zakonodatel'stve samodopros i samoopros grazhdan s primenenie novyh informacionnyh tehnologij» // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2012. – # 11. – S. 10-12.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Garanzha A. Yu., Avlasevich I. A., Nazarov A. D.
The reform of the Prosecutor’s supervision over operational-search activity
The article deals with the problems of the Prosecutor’s supervision of operational investigative activities. In view of this, judicial practice of European Court of Human Rights has been studied and a comparative law aspect of the regulation of prosecutorial supervision in Russia and Austria has been presented. The authors of the article attempted to represent any proposals for reforming the Prosecutor’s supervision of operational investigative activities.
Keywords: Prosecutor, criminal proceedings, public Prosecutor’s supervision, operationalinvestigative activity, European Court of Human Rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz General'noj prokuratury RF ot 15 fevralja 2011 g. # 33 «Ob organizacii prokurorskogo nadzora za ispolneniem zakonov pri osushhestvlenii operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti» // Spravochnaja pravovaja sistema «Garant». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.garant.ru.
2. Ukazanie General'noj prokuratury RF i FSB RF ot 18 aprelja 2002 goda # 20-27/10 «O porjadke osushhestvlenija prokurorskogo nadzora za ispolneniem Federal'nogo zakona «Ob operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti» organami federal'noj sluzhby bezopasnosti» // Spravochnaja pravovaja sistema «Garant». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.garant.ru.
3. Delo «Bannikova (Bannikova) protiv Rossijskoj Federacii». Postanovlenie ESPCh ot 04.11.2010 //Spravochnaja pravovaja sistema «Garant». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.garant.ru.
4. Delo «Veselov i drugie (Veselov and Others) protiv Rossijskoj Federacii». Postanovlenie ESPCh ot 02.10.2012 // Spravochnaja pravovaja sistema «Garant».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.garant.ru.
5. Doklad o rezul'tatah monitoringa pravoprimenenija v Rossijskoj Federacii za 2018 god // Spravochnaja pravovaja sistema «Konsul'tantPljus». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Postanyuk V. D.
Role of the lawyer at the preliminary investigation stage
The article discusses the powers granted to a lawyer during a preliminary investigation. The necessity of participation of a lawyer at the stage of preliminary investigation is justified. The important role played by a lawyer at this stage of criminal proceedings is noted.
Special attention is paid to such a form of activity of the defense lawyer in the preliminary investigation, as the collection of evidence in favor of the accused. The article analyzes the current problems of implementing the rights granted by a lawyer at the stage of preliminary investigation. The proposals aimed at removing obstacles in the collection of evidence by the defense lawyer at this stage of criminal proceedings are formulated.
Keywords: lawyer, defense lawyer, evidence collection, preliminary investigation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vrazhnov A.S. Problemnye situacii zashhitnika na stadijah vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela i predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija // Advokatskaja praktika. 2019. # 2.S. 31-34.
2. Chebotareva I.N. Ugolovno-processual'noe znachenie svedenij, sobrannyh advokatom-zashhitnikom v rezul'tate oprosa lica s ego soglasija // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. 2010. # 1. S. 27-30 // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Ivanova I. G., Erotskaya I. A.
Appointment and production of forensic examinations in Russian and German criminal proceedings:a comparative legal aspect
In the process of appointing and conducting a forensic examination in the Russian criminal process, a number of questions arise for the resolution of which the comparative legal method of studying the regulatory framework of the Russian Federation and Germany was used.
Keywords: forensic examination, expert, expert opinion, Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, Criminal Procedure Code of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon RF ot 18.12.2001 goda #174-FZ // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2001. – 22 dek.
2. O gosudarstvennoj sudebno-jekspertnoj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon RF ot 31.05.2001 goda # 73-FZ // Rossijskaja gazeta.– 2001. – 05 ijun.
3. O sudebnoj jekspertize po ugolovnym delam: Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 21.12.2010 goda # 28 // Rossijskaja gazeta.– 2010. – 30 dek.
4. Bojl'ke V. Ugolovno-processual'noe pravo FRG:Uchebnik. 6-e izd., s dop. i izm. / per. s nem. Ja.M. Ploshkinoj; pod red. L.V. Majorovoj. – Krasnojarsk: RUMC JuO, 2004. – 352 s.
5. Voprosy organizacii proizvodstva sudebnyh jekspertiz v jekspertno-kriminalisticheskih podrazdelenijah organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii (vmeste s «Instrukciej po organizacii proizvodstva sudebnyh jekspertiz v jekspertno-
kriminalisticheskih podrazdelenijah organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii», «Perechnem rodov (vidov) sudebnyh jekspertiz, proizvodimyh v jekspertno-kriminalisticheskih podrazdelenijah organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii»):
Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 29.06.2005 goda # 511 // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2005. – 30 avg.
6. 6. Golovnenkov P. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks FRG: Nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij i perevod teksta zakona. – 2012. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://publishup.unipotsdam.de/opus4-ubp/frontdoor/deliver/index/docId/6039/file/sdrs02.pdf.
7. Grishin A.V. Problemy pravovoj reglamentacii proizvodstva sudebnoj jekspertizy v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2014 . –# 1. – S. 95-97 .
8. Efremova T.F. Novyj slovar' russkogo jazyka. Tolkovo-slovoobrazovatel'nyj. – M.: Russkij jazyk, 2000.
9. Zakatov A.A. Ispol'zovanie nauchno-tehnicheskih sredstv i special'nyh znanij v rassledovanii. Larinkov A.A. K voprosu o polnomochijah zashhitnika po sobiraniju dokazatel'stv v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Kriminal'st"". – 2011. – # 1 (8). – S. 47-51.
10. Mel'nikov V.Ju. Uchastie zashhitnika v hode dosudebnogo proizvodstva // Evrazijskaja advokatura. – 2013.– # 2 (3). – S. 35-41.
11. Ozhegov S.I. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka. –[Os'makov M.A. Advokatskoe rassledovanie v sovremennom ugolovnom processe: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.09. – Vladimir, 2007. – 25 s.
12. Petruhina A.N. Special'nye znanija kak neobhodimyj jelement zakljuchenija jeksperta v ugolovnom processe // Rossijskij sud'ja. – 2007. – # 8. – S. 27-30.
13. Rossinskaja E.R. Faktory, opredeljajushhie rezul'tativnost' i dobrokachestvennost' zakljuchenij Sudebnoj jekspertizy v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve// Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii.– 2019. – # 1. – S. 89-93.
14. Rossinskaja E.R. Special'nye juridicheskie znanija i sudebno-normativnye jekspertizy. – M., 2006.
15. Jejsman A.A. Zakljuchenie jeksperta. Struktura i nauchnoe obosnovanie. – M.: Jurid. lit., 1967. – 152 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Kravets E. G., Ignatova E. A.
Bail as an alternative to detention
The legal regulation of the institution of pledge in criminal procedural law at the present stage is of increased interest both for the legislator and for those who directly ensure its implementation at the law enforcement level. Moreover, the implementation of the institution of pledge, carried out within the framework of relations of a criminal procedural nature, is directly related to the provision of civil powers guaranteed by the state on the basis of legal principles in force at the international level. It is this measure of restraint that should become an alternative to detention in the humane paradigm of criminal justice.
Keywords: bail, detention, a measure of procedural compulsion.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Krause S. V., Larionov V. N., Mokhorov D. A.
On the issue of the status of a representative of a regional bar association in the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation
In the modern realities of a lawyer’s activities, guarantees of his professional rights are of particular importance. Today, professional guarantees of activity in the Russian justice system are properly implemented for law enforcement officials and the court. A defender - a lawyer, although he has declared rights and guarantees, in fact, in practice, remains unprotected, as a result of which the issue of constitutional protection of citizens’ rights may be questioned.
Unlawful influence on a lawyer violates the unified system of equality of arms and fairness of justice. The Russian legal profession uses various legal mechanisms to resolve this issue, applying internal corporate protection methods and implementing legislative initiatives.
One of the most relevant methods of professional protection and guarantee of the rights of advocacy has become the institution of representatives of the bar association of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation in criminal proceedings. The article reveals the issues of legal regulation of participation in investigative actions of a representative of a bar association in the context of recent changes in criminal procedure legislation.
Keywords: representative of the bar association, attorney-client privilege, investigative actions, search, judicial control.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/ (data obrashhenija 30.09.2020).
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020).– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34481/(data obrashhenija 30.09.2020).
3. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob advokatskoj dejatel'nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 31.05.2002 # 63-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija) http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_36945/.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: (data obrashhenija 30.09.2020).
4. Postanovlenie KS RF ot 17 dekabrja 2015 g. # 33-P «Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti punkta 7 chasti vtoroj stat'i 29, chasti chetvertoj stat'i 165 i chasti pervoj stat'i 182 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s zhaloboj grazhdan A.V. Baljana, M.S. Dzjuby i drugih» (data obrashhenija 30.09.2020).
5. Polozhenie o polnomochnyh predstaviteljah Advokatskoj palaty Sankt-Peterburga po zashhite professional'nyh prav advokatov. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://fparf.ru/documents/papers-of-the-regional-ap/the-statute-onplenipotentiary-
representatives-of-lawyer-chamberof-saint-petersburg-for-the-protect/ (data obrashhenija30.09.2020).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Logachev K. K.
The identity of the victim in cases of violation of traffic rules and operation of vehicles
The article reveals the peculiarities of the personality of the victim in cases of violation of traffic rules and the operation of vehicles. It was revealed that situations of violation of traffic rules and operation of vehicles are caused by the behavior of the victim and his personal qualities. A meaningful characteristic of the behavior of the victim’s personality is given by the type of behavior by the content, by the degree of activity of the victim’s behavior, by the type of victimization of behavior, by the types of criminal situations of road traffic crimes. The reasons for victimization of victims are presented.
Keywords: victim, victim behavior, personality traits, misconduct, imprudent behavior.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 23.10.1993 # 1090 (red. ot 26.03.2020) «O Pravilah dorozhnogo dvizhenija» (vmeste s «Osnovnymi polozhenijami po dopusku transportnyh sredstv k jekspluatacii i objazannosti dolzhnostnyh lic po obespecheniju bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija»). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_2709/824c911000b3626674abf3ad6e38a6f
04b8a7428/ (data obrashhenija: 25.09.2020).
2. Boshamdzhisva N. A. Nekotorye voprosy bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija // Aktual'nye voprosy publichnogo prava. – 2013. – # 7. – S. 14-22.
3. Grishin K.D. Avtomobil'nyj transport kak predmet sovershenija prestuplenij protiv bezopasnosti dvizhenija i jekspluatacii transporta // Vestnik Voronezhskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2017. – # 3. – S.160-166.
4. Vojtenkov E.A. Voprosy juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti za pravonarushenija v sfere bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija (istorikopravovoj obzor) // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2014. – # 8.– S. 7-10.
5. Krasnenkova S. A. Izuchenie lichnostnyh osobennostej vinovnikov dorozhno-transportnyh proisshestvij s tjazhkimi posledstvijami // Gumanitarnyj vektor. Serija: Pedagogika, psihologija. - 2015.- # 1 (41). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:
https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/izuchenie-lichnostnyhosobennostey-vinovnikov-dorozhno-transportnyhproisshestviy-s-tyazhkimi-posledstviyami (data obrashhenija: 25.09.2020).
6. Oficial'nyj sajt Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii: statistika i analitika. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.ru/Deljatelnost/statistics (data obrashhenija: 25.09.2020).
7. Pozdnyshov A.N Analiz osnovnyh faktorov, vlijajushhih na bezopasnost' dorozhnogo dvizhenija // Jurist"- Pravoved". –2012. – # 2 (51). – S. 28-33.
8. Rjapuhina I.A. Problemy sovershenstvovanija pravovogo regulirovanija v sfere obespechenija bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija // Problemy pravoohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti. – 2014. – # 2. – S. 91-94.
9. Jeminov V.E., Antonjan Ju.M. Lichnost' prestupnika i ee formirovanie // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2015. – # 1. – S. 107-112.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Popova О. А.
Provision of procedural deadlines by the head of the preliminary investigation department
The article, based on the study of investigative and judicial practice, reveals the reasons for extending the procedural periods established by criminal procedure law. Attention was drawn to the fact that a reduction in the length of the investigation did not always guarantee its quality and ensure the rights of participants in criminal proceedings. The main areas of control of the head of the investigative body over compliance with the process deadlines and provision of methodological assistance to the investigator have been determined.
Some legislative changes have been proposed to help ensure the speed of the investigation.
Keywords: procedural period, reasonable period of criminal proceedings, investigation period, effectiveness of the investigation, procedural control, the head of the preliminary investigation department.
Work bibliographic list
1. O merah po sovershenstvovaniju organizacii predvaritel'nogo sledstvija v sisteme Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii: ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 23.11.1998 # 1422 (v red. ot 16.05.2017).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 02.07.2015 # 1541-O. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Obrazcov A. V. Processual'noe rukovodstvo predvaritel'nym rassledovaniem: funkcional'nye orientiry // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. - 2017. -# 4. - S. 31-37.
4. Popova O. A. Organizacionnye i processual'nye aspekty uchastija v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve v rezhime udalennogo dostupa // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. Vyp. 3 (54) 2020: nauch.-metod. zhurnal. - Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2020. - S. 111-117.
5. Popova O. A. Ocenka jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti pravoohranitel'nyh organov i kachestvo rassledovanija prestuplenij // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija: jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal.- 2015. - # 1 (chast' 1). - S. 1900. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https: //science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=18246.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Safonova Yu. S., Tokareva E. V., Shepeleva O. R.
Procedural aspects of applying security measures to witnesses and victims
The article reveals the problems of criminal procedure regulation of the use of security measures in relation to witnesses and victims, both at the preliminary investigation and at the stage of trial. Special attention is paid to the problem of keeping secret information about the identity of the witness and the victim and the gaps in the legislation, and measures are proposed to eliminate them.
Keywords: witness, victim, security measures, alias.
Work bibliographic list
1. Eremin S. G. Vozbuzhdenie ugolovnogo dela o prestuplenijah v sfere distancionno-bankovskogo obsluzhivanija, sledstvennye situacii, versii, planirovanie i rassledovanie na pervonachal'nom jetape// Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. -2019. - # 2 (49). - S. 78-85.
2. Zajceva E. A., Vasil'ev D. V. Problemnye aspekty podgotovki materialov pri naznachenii mnogoob"ektnyh tehniko-kriminalisticheskih jekspertiz dokumentov federal'nyh special'nyh i akciznyh marok// Sudebnaja jekspertiza. - 2017. - # 2 (50). - S. 35-43.
3. Kondrat'ev E. E. Formirovanie pravovoj osnovy zashhity uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva v RF // Sledovatel'. - 2009. - # 5. - S. 25.
4. Ozhegov S. I., Shvedova N. Ju. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka: 80 000 slov i frazeologicheskih vyrazhenij / Rossijskaja akademija nauk. Institut russkogo jazyka im. V. V. Vinogradova. -4-e izd., dopolnennoe. – M.: OOO «A TEMP», 2013. - S. 760.
5. Samoroka V., Beketov M. Problemy sobljudenija konfidencial'nosti svedenij o zashhishhaemom lice pri obespechenii bezopasnosti uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Ugolovnoe pravo. - 2010. - # 5. - S. 15.
6. Smol'skij V. Tajnyj svidetel' // Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2009. - # 7. - S. 9.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Yusupov M. Yu., Tagirova Kh. A.
A retrospective analysis of the normative regulation of inquiry in the Charter of Criminal Procedure of 1864
The article analyzes the normative regulation of inquiry in the Charter of Criminal Pro-cedure of 1864 (hereinafter - the Charter). It is indicated that in the post-reform (pre-revolutionary) criminal process in Russia, inquiry arose as a form of initial verification of in-formation about the commission of a criminal act in order to establish the existence of grounds for starting a preliminary investigation. In the Soviet period, inquiry, having filled with proce-dural forms of investigation, turned into one of the forms of preliminary investigation. The place of inquiry was taken by the “pre-investigation check”, which, also by filling with proce-dural rules of investigation, is gradually turning into a form of investigation. As a result, modern pre-trial proceedings have become cumbersome and costly.
Keywords: inquiry, the Charter of criminal proceedings, pre-trial criminal proceedings, preliminary investigation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akperov R.S. Zakonodatel'naja reglamentacija instituta vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela v Rossii po Ustavu ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva 1864 g. // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. - 2009. - # 3. (SPS «Konsul'tantPljus»).
2. Aleksandrov A.S. K voprosu o reformirovanii sledstvennogo apparata i pravovoj formy dosudebnogo proizvodstva po ugolovnomu delu // Vestnik Sibirskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii.- 2011. - # 1 (9). - S. 12-18.
3. Aleksandrov A.I. Ugolovnaja politika i ugolovnyj process v rossijskoj gosudarstvennosti. - SPb., 2003.
4. Bednjakov I.L. Dosudebnoe proizvodstvo: ot Koncepcii sudebnoj reformy k sovremennosti // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. - 2017. - # 1. - S. 26-31.
5. Gavrilov B.Ja. Jeffektivnost' dosudebnogo proizvodstva // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. - 2017. - #2. - S. 19-26.
6. Koni A.F. Iz proshlogo peterburgskoj prokuratury. Izbrannye proizvedenija v dvuh tomah. Tom 2. -M., 1959. - S. 401-421.
7. Poznyshev S.V. Jelementarnyj uchebnik russkogo ugolovnogo processa. Izd. 2-e. - M.: LENAND, 2016.- 344 s.
8. Smirnov A.V. O zadache reformirovanija predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija v ugolovnom processe //Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. - 2018. - # 1. - S. 27-33.
9. Fojnickij I.Ja. Kurs ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva. T. 2. Izd. Tret'e. - S.-Peterburg: Senatskaja tipografija, 1910.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Postanyuk V. D.
The role of a lawyer in the interrogation of a suspect or accused
The article deals with the concept, procedure for conducting and processing the results of interrogation of a suspect or accused at the stage of preliminary investigation. The importance of the presence of a lawyer during the interrogation of a suspect (accused) is indicated to ensure the protection of his rights and interests. The author analyzes the powers that a lawyer has during the preparation, during and after the interrogation of the accused or suspect. It is noted that the right to have a lawyer present during interrogation is generally recognized in most foreign justice systems. It is concluded that questioning in the absence of a lawyer can lead to very negative
consequences for the suspect or accused.
Keywords: lawyer, defense lawyer, interrogation, suspect, accused.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nasonova I.A. Uchastie zashhitnika v doprose // Vestnik Voronezhskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2009. – S. 39.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Smolina M. M.
Implementation of victims’ rights and legitimate interests at the pre-trial investigation stage
The article examines the problems of participation of the victim in pre-trial proceedings and ensuring his rights. The main problematic issues in the implementation of the rights of victims, the legal status of the victim during the pre-trial investigation, the need for further development of the rights of the victim of a crime are considered.
Keywords: victim, rights of the victim, provision of evidence, petition, challenge, representative.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii» (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/.
2. «Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 24.04.2020, s izm. ot 09.07.2020). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34481/.
3. Davydova E. V. Primirenie s poterpevshim v ugolovnom prave. – Stavropol': Stavropol'servisshkola, 2002.
4. Magomedova H. A.-k. Institut otvodov v sovetskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.09. – M.: Akademija nauk SSSR, 1984.
5. Shejfer S. A. Dokazatel'stva i dokazyvanie po ugolovnym delam: problemy teorii i pravovogo regulirovanija. – M.: Norma, 2008.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Trifonova K. A.
Terms of detention under a special procedure for the movement of a criminal case in criminal proceedings
The article analyzes the problems of calculating the terms of detention of a person when returning a criminal case to the Prosecutor in accordance with article 237 of The Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation through the prism of the positions of higher judicial instances. The article substantiates the problem of the correctness of calculating the “investigative” period of detention under a special procedure for the movement of a criminal case. It is noted that there is a need to supplement exceptional cases of exceeding the limits of detention.
Keywords: remand in custody, return of the criminal case to the Prosecutor, additional investigation, deadlines.
Work bibliographic list
1. Klimova Ja. A. Problemnye aspekty pravovogo regulirovanija statusa prokurora v dosudebnom proizvodstve // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. 2020. Vyp. 2 (53). S. 47-52.
2. Stel'mah V. Ju. Predusmatrivaet li sovremennyj ugolovno-processual'nyj zakon vozvrashhenie ugolovnogo dela sudom dlja dopolnitel'nogo rassledovanija // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. 2020. Vyp. 1 (52). S. 173-181.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Shuvalov N. V., Kuzmin S. V., Kravets E. G.
About some problem aspects of compensation for harm to victims
The article is devoted to some problematic aspects of compensation for harm to victims during the preliminary investigation. Attention is drawn to the fact that compensation to the victims of the damage caused by the crime remains the most important area of activity of law enforcement agencies carrying out the investigation. It is emphasized that the implementation of tasks to restore the violated rights of citizens and legal entities who have suffered from criminal acts, in full measure, despite the difficulties, as well as objective and subjective reasons, is possible during the investigation. The article discusses the methods and algorithms of actions for compensation for harm, including the seizure of property.
Keywords: compensation for harm; damage; victim; legal entities; seizure of property; preliminary investigation.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Schelkonogova I. S.
Gaps and conflicts concerning lawyers and investigators in the provisions of Chapter 52 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation
The article deals with problems in pre-trial proceedings in criminal cases against an investigator and a lawyer. The author has shown the need to improve the rules regarding investigative actions in order to avoid controversial situations in practice. The author proposes to make changes concerning the detailed description of the investigative actions against the lawyer and investigator, taking into account the specifics of the conduct.
Keywords: separate category of persons, investigator, lawyer, pre-trial proceedings, special subject.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
3. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020) //SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 17 aprelja 2017 g. # 73-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» // RG.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2017/04/19/izm-upk-dok.html (data obrashhenija: 06.10.2020).
5. Advokatam AP KBR, ch'i prava narushili policejskie, pred"javleny obvinenija // AG. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.advgazeta.ru/novosti/advokatam-ap-kbr-chi-prava-narushilipolitseyskie-predyavleny-obvineniya/ (data obrashhenija: 06.10.2020).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Ismailov S. S., Rajabov Sh. R.
Certain aspects of the legal status of a witness in modern criminal proceedings
In the article, the author analyzes certain legal topical issues of the status of a witness in criminal proceedings. It is no secret that an important condition for a timely and complete investigation of a criminal case is an evidence base based on the testimony of witnesses and victims who can expose the criminal. The author draws attention to the fact that a significant drawback of the current system of protection of participants in the process is the fact that protection measures can be applied from the moment when there is a threat to the life and health of the victim, witness or
their relatives.
It is no secret that many witnesses are afraid to take part in the investigation of a criminal case, fearing for their lives. The witness protection system in Russia needs to be improved, taking into account the experience of foreign countries. The institution of the “witness” status for the prosecution is ambiguously resolved in judicial practice and needs to be improved.
Keywords: the status of a witness, criminal proceedings, state protection,
Work bibliographic list
1. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie VS RF ot 13.03.2018 po delu # 86-APU-18-1 (dokument opublikovan ne byl)[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Gromov N.A. Ugolovnyj process Rossii: uchebnoe posobie. - M.: Jurist", 1998. - 552 s.
3. Konvencija o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod (Zakljuchena v g. Rime 04.11.1950 g.) (s izm. Ot 13.05.2004) // Bjulleten' mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov. 2001. - # 3.
4. O sudebnom prigovore: postanovlenie Plenuma VS RF ot 29.11.2016. # 55 // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. - 2017. - # 1.
5. O sudebnyh dokazatel'stvah. Perevod s francuzskogo / Bentam I.; per.: Goronovich I. - Kiev: Tip. M.P. Frica, 1876. - 440 c
6. Slovar' russkogo jazyka / S. I. Ozhegov; pod red. N. Ju. Shvedovoj; AN SSSR, In-t rus. jaz. - 23-e izd., ispr. - M.: Rus. jaz., 1991.
7. Shmareva T.A., Shmarev A.I. Svidetel' v processual'nom prave Rossii: uchebnoe posobie. - Izhevsk: Izdatel'skij centr «Udmurtskij universitet», 2019.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Kangezov M. R., Shavkarova E. E.
Procedural aspects of enforcement of the right to involvement of a private part in criminal proceedings
The article reveals the problem of observance of the right to privacy of persons participating in criminal proceedings as witnesses. Particular attention is paid to the problem of keeping secret data obtained as a result of investigative actions, as well as when summoning persons to testify as witnesses.
Keywords: witness, rights, secret of the preliminary investigation.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Girenok G. A.
The peculiarities of work organization in the prisons of the Nordic countries
The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the work arrangement of inmates in the prisons of the Nordic countries. The author analyzes international acts regulating the labor of prisoners, highlighting the most important points. The article provides examples of successful cooperation of the penitentiary systems of the Nordic countries with business structures. The author concludes that the proper organization of useful work in Nordic countries’ prisons is the main component not only of the process of resocialization of prisoners, but also helps to reduce the level of recidivism among former prisoners.
Keywords: prisoners, penitentiary systems, employment, resocialization, reducing the level of recidivism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Koski M., Druzhininskaja O. V. Organizacija tjurem v Finljandii posle reformy 2006 g. // Penitenciarnaja nauka. - 2015. - S. 90-96. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/organizatsiyatyurem-v-finlyandii-posle-reformy-2006-g/viewer (data obrashhenija: 23.10.2020).
2. Tarasova M. I. Regulirovanie social'no-trudovyh otnoshenij v penitenciarnoj sisteme Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://inecon.org/docs/2016/Tarasova_abstract.pdf (data obrashhenija:20.10.2020).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Kopylova L. Ya.
The labour of convicts in places of deprivation of liberty – an obligation or a compulsion?
The article analyzes the international legal standards, abolishing compulsory labor. And, as a result, the answer is given to the question - is the norm of the obligation of persons convicted to deprivation of liberty to work, stipulated in the criminal executive legislation of the Russian Federation, a violation of their rights and freedoms in the conditions of the domestic penitentiary system.
Keywords: forced labor, compulsory labor, convicts.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vseobshhaja deklaracija prav cheloveka prinjata rezoljuciej 217 A (III) General'noj Assamblei OON ot 10 dekabrja 1948 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/declhr.shtml(data obrashhenija: 19.09.2020).
2. Konvencija # 29 Mezhdunarodnoj organizacii truda (s izm. ot 11.06.2014) «Otnositel'no prinuditel'nogo ili objazatel'nogo truda» (prinjata v g. Zheneve 28.06.1930 na 14-oj sessii General'noj konferencii MOT). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://legalacts.ru/doc/konventsija-n-29-mezhdunarodnoi-organizatsiitruda-
otnositelno/ (data obrashhenija: 25 10.2020).
3. Konvencija Mezhdunarodnoj organizacii truda # 105 «Ob uprazdnenii prinuditel'nogo truda» (Zheneva, 25 ijunja 1957 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/2540466/(data obrashhenija: 25 10.2020).
4. Mezhdunarodnyj pakt o grazhdanskih i politicheskih pravah (Prinjat i politicheskih pravah (Prinjat 16.12.1966 Rezoljuciej 2200 (XXI) na 1496-om plenarnom zasedanii General'noj Assamblei OON). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/pactpol.shtml (data obrashhenija:10.10.2020).
5. Barakashova S. V. Trudovoj dogovor kak sposob pravovogo regulirovanija trudovyh otnoshenij// Jurist. - 2002 - # 5. - S. 53-54.
6. Gubenko A. Regulirovanie truda osuzhdennyh k lisheniju svobody // Zakonno st'. - 2005. - # 11.
7. Konstitucii zarubezhnyh stran: Ucheb. posobie.4-e izd., prerab. i do p. - M., 2003.
8. Machul'skaja E. E. Prinuditel'nyj trud v sovremennyh uslovijah: pozicija komiteta jekspertov MOT // Trudovoe pravo v Rossii i za rubezhom.- 2018. - # 2. - S. 44-47.
9. Utkin V. A. Problemy pravovogo regulirovanija truda osuzhdennyh v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah Rossijskoj Federacii // Ugolovnaja justicija.- 2015. - # 2 (6). - S. 83
10. Shamsunov S. H. Pravo na trud osuzhdennyh k lisheniju svobody: objazannost' ili privilegija?[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS«Konsul'tantPljus».
11. Shilova N. P. Osobennosti truda lic, osuzhdennyh lisheniju svobody. Penitenciarnaja nauka. - 2009. - # 5. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/osobennosti-truda-lits-osuzhdennyh-k-lisheniyusvobody(data obrashhenija: 19 10.2020).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Malikova N. B., Maloletkina N. S.
Problems of the legislative definition of a suspended sentence
Crime is a global problem, where each state determines in its own way the methods of combating it, the types of punishments applied to criminals, as well as the means and measures of correction of convicted persons. The common position formed in the previous century is the humanization of the appointment and execution of punishment, and the expansion of the practice of applying noncustodial punishments. Despite the general public danger of persons who have committed crimes, there is a category of criminals whose correction is possible without isolation from society. Russian criminal legislation contains several types of punishments without isolation from society and measures of a criminal legal nature that affect a convicted person without placing him in correctional institutions. One of these measures is a suspended sentence.
The relevance of the article is that the measures of criminal law influence are given great attention in modern reality. Such measures allow not only to reduce the number of sentencing to imprisonment, but also help to avoid gaining experience of criminal interaction of a certain part of the convicted.
The novelty of the article lies in the fact that the authors, investigating the problems of fixing the institution of probation in Russian legislation, consider it imperfect and propose to change it to the institution of “Correctional term”, arguing their arguments.
Keywords: suspended sentence, criminal law measure, probation period, control of convicted persons.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 16 ijunja 1997 g.# 729 «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija ob ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcijah i normativa ih shtatnoj chislennosti» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami ot: 20 fevralja 1999 g., 28 marta 2010 g., 23 aprelja 2012 g.). Dostup iz SPS «Garant», (data obrashhenija: 28.08.2020 g.).
2. Prikaz Minjusta RF ot 20 maja 2009 g. # 142 «Ob utverzhdenii Instrukcii po organizacii ispolnenija nakazanij i mer ugolovno-pravovogo haraktera bez izoljacii ot obshhestva». Dostup iz SPS «Garant»,(data obrashhenija: 28.08.2020 g.).
3. Urazbaev, R.Sh. Uslovnoe osuzhdenie: nakazanie ili osvobozhdenie ot nakazanija? // Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i sociologii. – 2017. – # 3. – S. 91-98.
4. Harakteristika lic, sostojashhih na uchete v ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcijah // FSIN Rossii: oficial'nyj sajt. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://fsin.su/structure/inspector/iao/statistika/Xar-ka%20v%20YII/ (data obrashhenija: 28.08.2020 g.).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Marchenko D. E.
Features of legal regulation of working hours and time of rest of penal system employees
The article discusses the features of legal regulation of working hours and rest time of the penal system employees. The author analyzes the hierarchy of normative legal acts governing official time and time of rest of the penal system employees, as well as shows in which direction, in his opinion, further regulation of the considered social relations should be developed.
Keywords: working hours, rest time, legal regulation, employee status, penal system.
Work bibliographic list
1. O sluzhbe v ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sisteme Rossijskoj Federacii i o vnesenii izmenenij v Zakon Rossijskoj Federacii «Ob uchrezhdenijah i organah, ispolnjajushhih ugolovnye nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody: Federal'nyj zakon #197-FZ:tekst s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami na 01.01.2020g. [prinjat Gosudarstvennoj Dumoj 3 ijulja 2018 god:odobren Sovetom Federacii 13 ijulja 2018 goda] //Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2018. – 25 ijulja.
2. «O social'nyh garantijah sotrudnikam nekotoryh federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti i vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii»: Federal'nyj zakon # 283-FZ: tekst s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami na 01.10.2019 goda [prinjat Gosudarstvennoj Dumoj 21 dekabrja 2012 god: odobren Sovetom Federacii 26 dekabrja 2012 goda] // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2013. – 11 janvarja.
3. Ob osobennostjah rezhima rabochego vremeni i vremeni otdyha sotrudnikov uchrezhdenij i organov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy (vmeste s «Polozheniem ob osobennostjah rezhima rabochego vremeni i vremeni otdyha sotrudnikov uchrezhdenij i organov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy»): prikaz FSIN Rossii [prinjat 26 sentjabrja 2013 g.# 533] //Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2013. – # 255.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Rastoropov S. V., Gorshkova N. A.
Problems of legislative penalization of IT-crimes under the pandemic of coronavirus infection
The article summarizes the trends in legislative activity to consolidate the types and sizes of
punishment for crimes provided for by Chapter 28 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
An objective assessment of the legislative approach to the construction of sanctions of the relevant criminal law provisions providing for responsibility for a group of IT crimes is given. The paper analyzes law enforcement activity for the appointment of punishments for crimes in the field of computer information.
Keywords: legislative penalization; punishment; cybercrime; crimes in the field of computer information; IT-crimes.
Work bibliographic list
1. O sudebnoj praktike po delam o moshennichestve, prisvoenii i rastrate: [postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 nojabrja 2017 g.
# 48] // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2017. – 1 dek.
2. Antonov I. M. Penalizacija prestuplenij, prichinjajushhih vred zdorov'ju: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.08– ugolovnoe pravo i kriminologija; ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. – Habarovsk, 2004. – 223 s.
3. Vlasti rasskazali ob uvelichenii prestupnosti v internete iz-za koronavirusa. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.ferra.ru/news/techlife/vlasti-rasskazali-ob-uvelichenii-prestupnosti-v-interneteiz-za-koronavirusa-11-05-2020.htm (data obrashhenija:
13.10.2020).
4. Denisov N. L. Negativnye izmenenija kiberprestupnosti v period pandemii i puti protivodejstvija im// Bezopasnost' biznesa. – 2020. – # 4. – S. 37-42.
5. Dolgopolov K. A., Dzhamalova B. B. K voprosu o vidah nakazanij, naznachaemyh za komp'juternye prestuplenija // Vlast' Zakona. – 2017. – # 3 (31). – S. 137-145.
6. Mojka78. V Kremle priznali uvelichenie prestupnosti v strane iz-za koronavirusa. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://moika78.ru/news/2020-04-13/398269-v-kremle-priznali-uvelichenieprestupnosti-v-strane-iz-za-koronavirusa/ (data obrashhenija: 13.10.2020).
7. Oficial'nyj sajt MVD Rossii. Kratkaja harakteristika sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii za janvar' – avgust 2020 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/reports/item/21244698/ (data obrashhenija: 17.10.2020).
8. Sudebnyj Departament pri Verhovnom Sude Rossijskoj Federacii. Oficial'nyj sajt. Otchet o chisle privlechennyh k ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti i vidah ugolovnogo nakazanija za 6 mes. 2020 g. (Forma # 10.1).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79&item=5460 (data obrashhenija:18.10.2020).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Mikheeva S. V.
Problems encountered in ensuring the regime in Russian prisons
The article examines the problems that arise in the activity of prisons in Russia, compares the camp-detachment and cell-prison content. Despite the fact that there are only 8 prisons in Russia, the legal regulation of their functioning requires legislative consolidation.
The author offers solutions to eliminate problematic issues in the form of adoption at the departmental level of a normative legal act regulating issues of internal regulations in prisons.
Keywords: рrison, staff member, correctional facilities, convicted person, penal system.
Work bibliographic list
1. Miheeva S.V. Rezhim kak zadannyj parametr funkcionirovanija ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij // Vedomosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. – 2018. – # 3 (190). – S. 34-39.
2. Uporov I.V. Tjur'my byli, est' i budut: problema al'ternativnyh nakazanij poka ne nahodit svoego reshenija // Science Time. – 2016. – S. 404-410.
3. Useev R.Z. Porjadok dejatel'nosti uchrezhdenij i organov, ispolnjajushhih nakazanija, – predmet ugolovno-ispolnitel'nogo zakonodatel'stva i prava: neobhodimost' izuchenija i issledovanija// Vestnik Samarskogo juridicheskogo instituta.– 2019. – # 5. – S. 97.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Nistratova I. S.
Problematic aspects of the legal status of convicts with socially significant diseases in prison
The article is devoted to the organizational and legal problems of the legal status of persons sentenced to imprisonment, patients with socially significant diseases. The author analyzes international acts and national legislation in the field of rights to health protection and medical care for persons serving a sentence of imprisonment. The analysis of the impact of the disease on the implementation of certain rights of convicts, as well as on their correction is carried out.
Keywords: legal status of convicts, deprivation of liberty, health protection of convicts, socially significant diseases, health care.
Work bibliographic list
1. Davydova I. A., Kijko N. V., Ljadov Je. V. Realizacija otdel'nyh prav i zakonnyh interesov osuzhdennyh:opyt Rossii i zarubezhnyh gosudarstv: nauch.-analit. obzor. - Rjazan', 2016. – 88 s.
2. Kratkaja harakteristika ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://fsin.gov.ru/structure/inspector/iao/statistika/Kratkaya%20har-ka%20UIS/ (data obrashhenija:13.09.2020).
3. Lukina E. A. O mezhdunarodnyh normah, reglamentirujushhih ohranu zdorov'ja osuzhdennyh // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. - 2015. - # 1 (19). - S. 51.
4. Minjazeva T. F. Lichnye konstitucionnye prava i svobody osuzhdennyh // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. - 2004. - # 1. - S. 38-45.
5. Nuzhdin A. A. Harakteristika povodov k vozbuzhdeniju ugolovnyh del po delam o moshennichestve s ispol'zovaniem sredstv sotovyh sistem podvizhnoj svjazi // Evropejskij zhurnal social'nyh nauk. - 2012. - #7. - S. 560-565.
6. Ob ustanovlenii povyshennyh norm pitanija, racionov pitanija i norm zameny odnih produktov pitanija drugimi, primenjaemyh pri organizacii pitanija osuzhdennyh, a takzhe podozrevaemyh i obvinjaemyh v sovershenii prestuplenij, nahodjashhihsja v uchrezhdenijah Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij, na mirnoe vremja: [ot 17 sent. 2018 g. # 189]. [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 13.09.2020).
7. Panasenko E. K. Latentnost' penitenciarnoj prestupnosti kak ugroza kriminologicheskoj bezopasnosti UIS // Zakon i pravo. - 2006. - # 10. - S. 61-63.
8. Pravila vnutrennego rasporjadka ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij: utv. prikazom Ministerstva justicii Ros. Federacii: [ot 16 dek. 2016 g. # 295]. [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: http://legalacts.ru/doc/prikaz-miniusta-rf-ot-16122016-n-295 (data obrashhenija:13.09.2020).
9. Putin V. V. Zdorov'e rossijskoj nacii – vopros gosznachenija. [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.rosbalt.ru/piter/2008/02/18/457697.html (data obrashhenija: 13.09.2020).
10. Skiba A. P. Mery bezopasnosti pri dosrochnom osvobozhdenii ot nakazanija lic, imejushhih zabolevanija:monografija / pod obshh. red. A. Ja. Grishko, Ju. A. Kashuby. - Rjazan': Akademija FSIN Rossii, 2012. - 209 s.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Polosukhina O. V.
Comparative characteristics of punishment in the form of compulsory (community) work in Russia and the Republic of Azerbaijan
The article compares punishment in the form of compulsory work in Russia and public works in the Republic of Azerbaijan both at the stage of its appointment and in the process of its execution. The use of punishments without isolating the convicted person from society is a priority in the criminal policy of both states at the present stage.
Keywords: Russia, the Republic of Azerbaijan, compulsory, public works, appointment, code, execution, term of punishment, criminal executive inspections, executing officials.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki ob ispolnenii nakazanij (utverzhden Zakonom Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki ot 14 ijulja 2000 goda # 908-IQ)(s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 08.10.2019 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz (data obrashhenija24.08.2020g.)
2. Zarubezhnyj opyt / Abroad Chelovek: Prestuplenie i Nakazanie. 2017. T. 25 (1-4). # 1. 163 s.
3. Komitet po statistike Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.qov.az/course/crime/az/ 009_xls (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2019).
4. Ob utverzhdenii Instrukcii po organizacii ispolnenija nakazanij i mer ugolovno-pravovogo haraktera bez izoljacii ot obshhestva: prikaz Ministerstva justicii Rossijskoj Federacii ot 20 maja 2009 g. # 142 (Zaregistrirovan v Minjuste RF 25 ijunja 2009 g.) // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
5. Kodeks po ispolneniju nakazanij Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki. Baku, Digesta, 2016.
6. Ugolovnyj kodeks Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki. Baku, 2015.
7. Guliev D.M., Gumbatov M.G., Mustafaev N.I. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo Azerbajdzhankoj Respubliki (kratkij kurs so shemami). Baku: Izdatel'stvo «Juridicheskaja literatura», 2016. S. 448-449.
8. Gumbatov M.G. Rezul'taty reformirovanija penitenciarnoj sistemy Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki v 2000-2015 gg. i perspektivy dal'nejshego razvitija // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. 2016. # 4.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Sizov D. G.
Ensuring the personal safety of convicts in correctional institutions
At present, the issues of ensuring the safety of citizens occupy a special place in the activities of any state bodies, including the penal system of Russia. The state of security determines the existence and further development of the individual, society and state. In conditions of isolation of the convict from society, in places of detention of the most dangerous criminals, ensuring personal safety takes on specific features.
The article analyzes some problematic aspects of ensuring the personal safety of convicts in correctional institutions. The author examines the reasons that affect the personal safety of this category of persons and classifies security measures that can be applied in relation to convicts.
Keywords: personal safety of convicts, correctional facilities, security measures, safe place.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kutakov N. N. Obespechenie bezopasnosti osuzhdennyh v ispravitel'nyh kolonijah: problemy i puti reshenija // Vestnik Voronezhskogo instituta FSIN Rossii. – 2018. – # 4. – S. 185-189.
2. Kommentarij k Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii / pod obshh. red. A. A. Krymova; pod nauch. red. A. P. Skiby. – M.: JuNI-TI-DANA, 2018. – 759 s.
3. Reznik Zh. Ja. Osnovy penitenciarnoj bezopasnosti osuzhdennyh k lisheniju svobody // Vestnik Samarskogo juridicheskogo instituta. – 2017. – #1 (23). – S. 56-61.
4. Useev R. Z. Obespechenie bezopasnosti v ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sisteme. Uchebnoe posobie. – Samara, – 2017.
5. Potapov A.M., Pakanich S.I. Special'nye mery obespechenija lichnoj bezopasnosti nesovershennoletnih osuzhdennyh v mestah lishenija svobody //Vestnik instituta: prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie. – 2014. – # 1 (25). – S. 17-21.
6. Oficial'nyj sajt FSIN Rossii. Harakteristika lic, soderzhashhihsja v ispravitel'nyh kolonijah dlja vzroslyh. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – rezhim dostupa: http://fsin.gov.ru/structure/inspector/iao/statistika/Xar-ka%20lic%20sodergahixsya%20v%20
IK/ (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2020).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Ozerskiy S. V., Kameneva I. M
Legal and organizational aspects of the use of the contactless face identification technology
In the article, the authors defined the concept of contactless face identification technology, identified varieties of contactless identification systems, focusing most importantly on the biometric face recognition system, in this regard, the access regime in Russian colonies is considered in detail. The study also highlights the problems of using biometric systems and the prospects for their use in the future.
Keywords: identification; biometric systems; civil rights; access control; correctional facilities; information technology.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.08.2001 # 115-FZ (red. Ot 20.07.2020) «O protivodejstvii legalizacii (otmyvaniju) dohodov, poluchennyh prestupnym putem, i finansirovaniju terrorizma». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 22.09.2020).
2. Bochkarev V. V. Sovershenstvovanie ispol'zovanija v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah inzhenerno-tehnicheskih sredstv // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. –2016. – # 4. – S. 64.
3. Global'naja platforma dlja vashih kampanij: oficial'nyj sajt. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.change.org (data obrashhenija: 28.09.2020).
4. Muhin A. A. Sistemy beskontaktnoj identifikacii ob"ektov // Komponenty i Tehnologii. – 2001.– # 16. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sistemy-beskontaktnoyidentifikatsii-obektov (data obrashhenija: 28.09.2020).
5. Shihanov A. V., Mishustin S. P., Shherbakov E. A. Obespechenie gruppy dosmotra transporta i gruzov sovremennymi tehnicheskimi sredstvami obnaruzhenija s cel'ju nedopushhenija provoza (pronosa) zapreshhennyh predmetov na ohranjaemye ob"ekty uchrezhdenij UIS i presechenija popytok sovershenija pobegov: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie / pod red. I. A. Kulagina. ‒ Samara: Samarskij juridicheskij institut FSIN Rossii, 2017. ‒ 84 s.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Titova O. Z.
Problematic issues of legal regulation of the necessary defense in the activities of an employee of the penal system
The article analyzes the problematic issues of legal regulation of the necessary defense in the activities of an employee of the penitentiary system. The author examines the criminal law norms concerning the regulation of the institute of necessary defense by employees of penitentiary institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia.
As the analysis of the theory and practice of necessary defense shows, despite the fact that this institution has existed in the legislation of Russia for a long time, and many lawyers have devoted their works to its research, many of its norms still cause difficulties due to the presence of significant contradictions in its regulation. The institute of necessary defense is constantly being reformed and improved, but, unfortunately, many problems in its functioning remain open.
The article analyzes the conditions of legality of necessary defense related to encroachment and protection; examines the legal conditions for exceeding the limits of necessary defense; analyzes the problematic issues of legal regulation of necessary defense in the activities of an employee of the penal system.
Keywords: necessary defense, an employee of the Penal System, use of physical force, assault.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6 FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 # 7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 # 11-FKZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2014. – # 31.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 07.04.2020) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 12.04.2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 19 maja 2020).
3. Bykova A. S. Neobhodimaja oborona: pravomernost' i predely // Dostizhenija vuzovskoj nauki 2019. Sbornik statej XI Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo konkursa: v 2 ch. – 2019. – S. 125.
4. Vagin O. A., Gorjainov K. K., Isichenko A. P. [i dr.]. Kommentarij k Zakonu Rossijskoj Federacii «Ob uchrezhdenijah i organah, ispolnjajushhih ugolovnye nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody» (postatejnyj) – M.: Justicinform, 2018. – S. 133.
5. Vagin O. A., Gorjainov K. K., Isichenko A. P. [i dr.]. Kommentarij k Zakonu Rossijskoj Federacii «Ob uchrezhdenijah i organah, ispolnjajushhih ugolovnye nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody» (postatejnyj) – M.: Justicinform, 2018. – S. 131.
6. Tarakanov I. A. Osobennosti primenenija norm instituta neobhodimoj oborony v dejatel'nosti sotrudnika ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // Vedomosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. – 2018. – # 9 (196). – S. 43-44.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Ulendeeva N. I.
Quality of management decisions: problems of definition and approaches to its assessment
The article examines the main approaches to the definition of “quality management solutions”; the analysis of the literature on control theory that allows to formulate the author’s definition of the considered concepts is carried out; categories that describe the efficiency of managerial decisions are distinguished; the indicators of an estimation of efficiency of administrative decisions in the prison system are studied and the main indicators for the organization of provision of regime security, educational, social and psychological work in correctional institutions are described.
Keywords: management decisions; efficiency; evaluation of management activities; indicators of management decisions; penal system.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arskij A. A. Ocenka jeffektivnosti upravlencheskih reshenij v antikrizisnom upravlenii predprijatija agropromyshlennogo kompleksa // Marketing i logistika. - 2018. - # 2 (16). - S. 6-11.
2. Bestuzheva K. I. Metody ocenki kachestva i jeffektivnosti upravlencheskih gosudarstvennyh reshenij // European scientific conference: sbornik statej VIII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii: v 3 ch. – Penza: Nauka i prosveshhenie, 2018. - S. 126-129.
3. Vasilenko Zh. A., Ishekova I. Je. Analiz i ocenka processa razrabotki upravlencheskih reshenij v stroitel'nyh organizacijah // Mirovaja nauka. -2018. - # 3 (12). - S. 19-24.
4. Gambarov Turhan Rizvan Ogly Model' poshagovogo processa prinjatija racional'nogo upravlencheskogo reshenija // ANI: jekonomika i upravlenie.- 2019. - # 1 (26). - S. 119-122.
5. Zabolockaja K. A. Razrabotka metodiki rejtingovoj ocenki nadezhnosti upravlencheskih reshenij v putevom hozjajstve// Jekonomika i sovremennyj menedzhment: teorija, metodologija, praktika:sbornik statej II Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2018. - S. 58-62.
6. Kardashevskij V. V. Administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie realizacii upravlencheskih reshenij v organah vnutrennih del // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2015. - # 2. - S. 160-164.
7. Kvaginidze V. S., Mansurov A. A., Cherkasov A.V. Faktory i principy, opredeljajushhie kachestvo upravlencheskih reshenij na predprijatii //GIAB. - 2011. - # S3. - S. 109-112.
8. Ljuhanova S. V. Ocenka kachestva innovacionnogo upravlencheskogo reshenija po vnedreniju sistemy menedzhmenta kachestva v vuze // Jekonomicheskie aspekty logistiki i kachestva raboty zheleznodorozhnogo transporta: sbornik materialov konferencii. – Omsk: OmGUPS, 2013. - S. 148-152.
9. Moiseev V. V., Lukjanchenko E. V. Faktory, opredeljajushhie kachestvo i jeffektivnost' upravlencheskih reshenij // Vestnik nauki. - 2018. - T. 1. - #9 (9). - S. 143.
10. Ob osushhestvlenii mer po realizacii gosudarstvennoj politiki v sfere ocenki jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii: Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 19 aprelja 2018 g. # 472 (v red. 17.07.2019) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - 2018. - # 18. - St. 2625.
11. Ob ocenke dejatel'nosti territorial'nyh organov Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij pri inspektirovanijah: Prikaz Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij ot 31 janvarja 2011g. # 40 (neopublikovannyj akt).
12. Jebubekirova S. A., Stefanenko M. N. metodika integracionnoj ocenki upravlencheskih reshenij kak jelement mehanizma antikrizisnoj strategii innovacionnogo razvitija turistkoj otrasli Kryma // Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo inzhenerno-pedagogicheskogo universiteta. - 2018. -# 1 (59). - S. 156-165.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Antonov V. V.
Some questions of homicide investigation
The article deals with the features of criminalistic characteristics of homicides. Elements of criminalistic characteristics of murders, detection, fixing, seizure and carrying out examinations on the traces of murder are revealed. The algorithm of an investigator for conducting investigative actions and a specialist for detecting and removing traces of a crime is described.
Keywords: crime, murder, person, weapon, time, victim, method, inspection of the scene, traces, investigator, examination, interrogation.
1. Kriminalistika: kurs lekcij / pod red. prof. A. F. Lubina. - M.: DGSK MVD Rossii, 2019. - 600 s.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Kodzokova L. A., Karchaeva K. A.
Features of inspection of premises and territories belonging to a legal entity or individual entrepreneur
The need to inspect other premises may arise when investigating the embezzlement of someone else’s property, bribery, production, purchase, storage or sale of unmarked food products or alcoholic beverages with fake excise stamps and other crimes. When carrying out this procedure, there are controversial issues and issues that have to be resolved by employees of the internal affairs bodies and other authorized officials. In the article we will try to highlight and analyze these problematic points.
Keywords: administrative offense, administrative restraint, production measures, inspection of premises and territories, legal entity, individual entrepreneur, internal affairs bodies, customs authority, tax authority, temporary ban on activities, administrative coercion.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 29.09.2019 # 325-FZ (red. ot 26.03.2020) «O vnesenii izmenenij v chasti pervuju i vtoruju Nalogovogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija:16.09.2020). - St. 92.
2. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s11.08.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija:18.09.2020). - St. 27.8.
3. Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii 31 ijulja 1998 goda # 146-FZ (red. ot 01.10.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus» (data obrashhenija: 05.10.2020). - St. 176.
4. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Fe-deracii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 18.09.2020). - St. 176.
5. Tamozhennyj kodeks Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza (prilozhenie # 1 k Dogovoru o Tamozhennom kodekse Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.eaeunion.org/ (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2020).- St. 330.
6. Egupov V. A., Loginov E. A. Osobennosti primenenija mer obespechenija proizvodstva po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah v sfere tamozhennogo dela // Administrativnoe pravo i praktika administrirovanija. - 2019. - # 2. - S. 30-37.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Sarycheva N. V., Bagdasarov V. Yu., Nechaeva N. B.
Features of self-serving crime prevention
The article deals with both general social and special measures to prevent self-serving crime. Some issues of individual prevention of such crimes are revealed. The important role of law enforcement agencies as subjects of special prevention in the prevention of self-serving crime is
noted. It is indicated that victimological prevention of self-serving crime should be considered as
one of the strategic directions of the state’s activities in the field of combating crime. Proposals are made that are aimed at improving measures to prevent self-serving crimes.
Keywords: crime, self-serving crime, prevention, General social measures, special measures, social control, victimological measures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev A.I. Kriminologicheskaja profilaktika:teorija, opyt, problemy. – M.: Norma, 2001.
2. Buslov M.M. Osnovnye napravlenija preduprezhdenija krazh i grabezhej sredi molodezhi // Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Serija: Gumanitarnye nauki. Pravo. – 2013.
3. Vishneveckij K.V. Special'nye mery viktimologicheskogo preduprezhdenija prestuplenij protiv sobstvennosti // Obshhestvo i pravo. – 2014. – # 2 (48).
4. Zheludkov M.A. Vzaimosvjaz' social'nogo parazitizma i korystnoj prestupnosti // Prestupnost' v Rossii i bor'ba s nej: regional'nyj aspekt. – M.:Rossijskaja kriminologicheskaja associacija, 2003.
5. Kriminologija: Uchebnik / Pod red. V.D. Malkova. –M.: Justicinform, 2008.
6. Kuznecov A.P. Kriminologicheskie problemy prestupnosti v Rossii: metodologicheskie aspekty //Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii. – 2004. – #4.
7. Kurs rossijskogo ugolovnogo prava. Obshhaja chast'/ Pod red. V. N. Kudrjavceva, A. V. Naumova. – M.:Spark, 2001.
8. Palajan A.S. Viktimnost' social'nyh grupp kak jelement sistemy profilaktiki prestupnosti //Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2012. – # 7.
9. Popova S.A. Korystnye prestuplenija (kriminologicheskij aspekt) // Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii. – 2004. – # 4.
10. Tajbakov A.A., Sub"ekty special'nogo preduprezhdenija korystnoj prestupnosti. Opyt sociologicheskogo issledovanija professional'noj dejatel'nosti sotrudnikov OVD // Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. – 2002. – # 1 (17).
11. Jekonomika: Uchebnik / Pod red. A.S. Bulatova. – M.: Izd-vo BEK, 1994.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Khutov K. M.
Subjects of preventive legal relations: concept and types
When studying the essence of preventive legal relations, which are the subject of such a complex branch of legislation as preventive law, the classification of subjects of these legal relations is of great importance. In this article, the author comprehends the problems of determining the range of subjects of preventive legal relations and their classification according to various criteria and grounds.
Keywords: preventive legislation, preventive legal relations, crime prevention, subjects of prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Burlakov V.N., Poludnjakov V.I. Zakon o profilaktike pravonarushenij: istorija, nastojashhee, budushhee // Pravovedenie. 2016. # 6 (329). S. 134-150.
2. Zajceva O.V. Profilakticheskoe pravo kak samostojatel'naja otrasl' zakonodatel'stva // Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj juridicheskoj akademii. 2018. # 3 (122). S. 148-154.
3. Kriminologija: ucheb. posobie / pod red. S.Ja. Lebedeva, M.A. Kochubej. M.: JuNITI-DANA, Zakon i pravo, 2007. 519 s.
4. Maksimov S.V., Valujskov N.V. Zakonodatel'naja novella o profilaktike pravonarushenij: nedostatki i perspektivy ih ustranenija // Trudy Instituta gosudarstva i prava RAN. 2016. # 6. S. 150-165.
5. Smirnov G.G. Problemy razvitija i realizacii kriminologicheskogo uchenija o preduprezhdenii prestupnosti: avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. M., 2006. 47 s.
6. Uvarov I.A. Osobennosti klassifikacii sub"ektov penitenciarnoj profilaktiki // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. 2008. # 4. S. 97-99.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Aripshev A. M.
The importance of the basics of personal security of police officers in the system of professional education of students studying in educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
Against the background of the realities of the development of modern society, the problem of ensuring the personal safety of the BIA employees remains quite relevant, due to which the correct understanding, study and use of all components of personal security by BIA employees will significantly reduce risks and improve the quality of professional work. The article presents a model for the formation of professionally important qualities among students studying in educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. Today, the problem of ensuring the personal safety of police officers remains quite relevant, especially in the territory of the North-Caucasian Federal District, where attacks on law enforcement agencies continue. So, one of the most egregious and resonant crimes of this kind is the attack on December 31, 2019 of traffic police officers at a traffic police post in the city of Magas of the Republic of Ingushetia, as a result of which one police officer was killed. In addition, the increase in crime, including an increase in the number of crimes of a terrorist nature, sharply increases the professional risk to the moral, physical and mental health of police officers. So, according to the
Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs, in 2019, 2024.3 thousand crimes were recorded in our country, of which 5.6 thousand crimes, 1806 terrorist crimes and 585 extremist crimes were committed with the use of weapons. A prerequisite for operational and special events is the excellent training of personnel, the organization of clear interaction, and a well-thought-out plan of operations. Therefore, the correct understanding, study and use of all components of personal security by BIA officers will help to significantly reduce risks and improve the quality of professional work.
Keywords: personal security, professional education, internal Affairs agencies, students, education, professionally important qualities.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 5 maja 2018 g. # 275 «Ob utverzhdenii Porjadka organizacii podgotovki kadrov dlja zameshhenija dolzhnostej v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii».
2. Gorchakov A.M. O metodike vyjavlenija professional'no-vazhnyh fizicheskih kachestv cheloveka //PPFP sbornik trudov (pod red. Kabachkova V.A., Kozlova I.M.). – M., 1974.
3. Il'inich V.I. O nekotoryh problemnyh voprosah professional'no-prikladnoj fizicheskoj podgotovki (voprosy teorii) // Teorija i praktika fizicheskoj kul'tury. – 1990. – # 3.
4. Il'inich V.I. Professional'no-prikladnaja fizicheskaja podgotovka studentov vuzov. – M.: Vysshaja shkola. – 1978. – 144 s.
5. Kardanov, R.R. Osobennosti tehniko-kriminalisticheskogo obespechenija osmotra mesta vzryva v gorno-lesistoj mestnosti v Severo-Kavkazskom federal'nom okruge // Vestnik Vserossijskogo instituta povyshenija kvalifikacii sotrudnikov Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii.– 2019. – # 2 (50).
6. Mashekuasheva M.H., Mazdogova Z.Z. Nekotorye osobennosti individual'no-vospitatel'noj raboty v organah vnutrennih del: beseda kak osnovnaja forma vozdejstvija. Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2019. – # 6. – S. 277-279.
7. Oficial'nyj sajt MVD RF. Press-centr. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://https://xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/reports/item/19007735/ Sostojanie prestupnosti v Rossii za janvar'-dekabr' 2019 goda. (data obrashhenija: 23.02.2020g.). Sostojanie prestupnosti v Rossii za janvar'-dekabr' 2019 goda.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Zinchenko N. V., Kormakov A. E.
On the provision of means of photo-video fixation of the additional entry test for physical training when entering the educational organizations of higher education of the system of the MIA of Russia
This article deals with the peculiarities of organizing the preparation of recruitment for the training of future cadets in full-time education at the universities of the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, namely, it describes additional entrance examinations in physical training for candidates for training conducted during the admission campaign. Recommendations are given on the number and places of installation of photo and video fixing devices for a comprehensive and full assessment of the results of candidates for admission.
Keywords: instruction, control exercises, level of physical fitness, cadet, education, training, tests, photo-video fixation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz MVD Rossii «Ob utverzhdenii Nastavlenija po organizacii fizicheskoj podgotovki v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii» (podgotovlen MVD Rossii 01.07.2017).
2. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 5 maja 2018 g. # 275 «Ob utverzhdenii Porjadka organizacii podgotovki kadrov dlja zameshhenija dolzhnostej v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii».
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Kovaleva M. S.
Educational and preventive activities of criminal executive inspections in working with underage convicts
The article deals with some problems of organizational and legal support of educational and preventive work with underage convicts who are registered in criminal executive inspections. Taking into account the studied positive experience of organizing educational and preventive measures with juvenile convicts in cooperation with other subjects of prevention of repeated crime, measures are proposed to improve the activities of criminal executive inspections for the correction of convicted adolescents.
Keywords: juvenile convict, criminal executive inspection, education of convicts, educational and preventive work, information and analytical support of the educational process, interaction of prevention subjects.
Work bibliographic list
1. Korysheva S. E., Holopova E. Ju. Pedagogika: uchebnoe posobie; Akademija FSIN Rossii. – Ul'janovsk:Zebra, 2020. – 91 s.
2. Kulakova A. A. Teoreticheskie aspekty penitenciarnoj pedagogiki: ucheb. posobie. Feder. sluzhba ispoln. nakazanij, Vladir. jurid. in-t Feder. Sluzhby ispoln. nakazanij. 2-e izd., dop. – Vladimir: VJuI FSIN Rossii, 2018. – 176 s.
3. Litvishkov V. M., Mit'kina A. V. Penitenciarnaja pedagogika. Kurs lekcij. – M.: Moskovskij psihologo-social'nyj institut, 2004. – 400 s.
4. Podlasyj I. P. Pedagogika: uchebnik dlja bakalavrov. 2-e izd., pererab i dop. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt; ID Jurajt, 2012. – 574 s.
5. Sajt Sudebnogo departamenta pri Verhovnom Sude Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79&item=2074 (data obrashhenija: 13.10.2020).
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Kormakov A. E., Zinchenko N. V.
Features of organization and checking the level of physical preparedness of the permanent staff of educational organizations of higher education of the MIA of Russia when checking different levels
This article deals with the peculiarities of organizing the preparation for checking the level of physical fitness of employees from among the permanent certified staff of educational institutions of higher education of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia during inspectorial control, targeted audits. A number of conditions were considered for obtaining a positive assessment of the inspected subdivision of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, namely, the preparation of organizational and methodological documentation, the selection of the most trained employees from among the permanent staff to participate in the inspection, as well as the provision of photo and video recording of the specified process.
Keywords: instruction, fighting techniques of struggle, level of physical fitness, permanent composition, inspection, problem solving, photo and video recording.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Prikaz MVD Rossii «Ob utverzhdenii Nastavlenija po organizacii fizicheskoj podgotovki v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii» (podgotovlen MVD Rossii 01.07.2017)
2. Lukovcev N. N. Diplomnaja rabota: «Povyshenie urovnja podgotovki po boevym priemam dlja sotrudnikov policii»
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Ordokov M. Kh.
Improving firepower training of internal affairs officers
The introduction of complex exercises with the use of training weapons into the training process of employees of internal affairs bodies allows, during their development, to fully receive all the necessary muscle sensations that an employee will need when performing training and control firing exercises. The technical innovative means of training pistol shooting, which are available today in law enforcement agencies, are a good addition to the training process, but nevertheless they are inferior to training weapons, since they are not able to provide employees with the fullness of obtaining the necessary muscle sensations.
The article discusses some of the methods and features of training police officers in pistol shooting.
Keywords: security measures, fire training, shooting techniques, exercises, weapons, prevention, training, practical skills.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Abazov I. S. Nekotorye psihologicheskie osobennosti ognevoj podgotovki sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2018. – # 3. – S. 372-374.
2. Gedugoshev R. R. Psihologicheskoe sostavljajushhee v processe obuchenija slushatelej ognevoj podgotovke // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 4. –S. 325-326.
3. Zhamborov A. A. Nekotorye voprosy sovershenstvovanija ognevoj podgotovki sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019.– # 1. - S. 334.
4. Korkmazov A. V. Uslovija strel'by cherez stekla razlichnogo tipa, jeffektivnost' strel'by s ispol'zovaniem dvuh snajperov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.– 2019. – # 5. – S. 323-324.
5. Haraev A. A. Ob osnovnyh izmenenijah organizacii ognevoj podgotovki v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.– 2019. – # 1. – S. 353-354.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Rastoropova O. V.
Heuristic approaches to the use of artificial intelligence in the information support of the Prosecutor’s office
The latest modern information technologies, being a kind of guarantee of proper execution of normative legal acts in the activities of the Prosecutor’s office, need timely provision of information, which should be carried out continuously and in significant volumes.
In this regard, it seems that the gradual introduction of heuristic artificial intelligence technologies will lead to the formation of a unified knowledge base necessary for comprehensive information support for prosecutors, which, along with the system of scientific knowledge, should include the results of real law enforcement practice accumulated by specialists in various fields of law enforcement.
Keywords: information technologies, artificial intelligence, Prosecutor’s offices, information support of Prosecutor’s activities.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.12.2019 # 487-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii po voprosam gosudarstvennogo edinogo statisticheskogo ucheta dannyh o sostojanii prestupnosti, a takzhe o soobshhenijah o prestuplenijah, sledstvennoj rabote, doznanii, prokurorskom nadzore».
2. Volynskij A. F., Prorvich V. A. Jelektronnoe sudoproizvodstvo po prestuplenijam v sfere jekonomiki (nauchno-prakticheskie aspekty): monografija. -M.: Jekonomika, 2019.
3. Iskusstvennyj intellekt. Bol'shaja Rossijskaja jenciklopedija. - M.: «Bol'shaja Rossijskaja jenciklopedija», T. 11, 2008.
4. Oshibki pri raskrytii i rassledovanii jekonomicheskih prestuplenij / pod red. A. I. Bastrykina, A. F. Volynskogo i V. A. Prorvicha. - M.: «Sputnik+», 2018.
5. Haskins A., Arora S., Nilawar U. Impact of Artifi cial Intelligence on Indian Real Estate: Transformation Ahead (Vlijanie iskusstvennogo intellekta na indijskuju nedvizhimost': dominirujushhaja transformacija) // Colliers radar Property Research (India).- 05.10.2017.
 
JUDICIARY
Kodzokova L. A., Kashirgov A. Kh.
The powers of the prosecutor in criminal proceedings
The activities of the prosecutor have a special specificity in comparison with the work of other
law enforcement officers. The rights and duties of the prosecutor are quite diverse, and one of the main ones is regulated by the CPC. In accordance with Part 1 of Article 246 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, the participation of the prosecutor in the trial is mandatory. The public prosecutor (prosecutor) participates in the consideration of criminal cases of public and private-public prosecution by the court. Let us consider the competence of the prosecutor at all stages of criminal proceedings.
Keywords: prosecutor, activity, competence, criminal proceedings, supervision, ruling, protest.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 14.09.2020). - St. 37.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O prokurature Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 17.01.1992 # 2202-1 (redakcija 31.07.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija:13.09.2020). - St. 27, 30, 35.
3. Tabolina K. A. O neobhodimosti usilenija roli prokurora v procedure vozbuzhdenija i rassledovanija ugolovnyh del // Vestnik universiteta imen i O. E. Kutafina. - # 2 (42). - 2018. - S. 129.
4. Tugutov B. A. Konstitucionno-pravovoj status prokurora v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Sibirskie ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie chtenija. - # 4 (26). - 2019. - S. 118.
 
JUDICIARY
Kuliev I. B.
System of investigative actions and their importance for criminal proceedings
The author of the article claims that the topic characterizing the system of investigative actions in criminal proceedings is one of the central ones for procedural activities. The importance of this topic plays a large role in the practical work of investigative authorities. The author considers the system of investigative actions as categories interacting with each other and significant for the criminal procedure system. The material presented in the work is a continuation of a series of articles by the author aimed at replenishing knowledge in the field of criminal proceedings.
Keywords: system, criminal procedure, meaning, investigative actions, category, investigator, activity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ red. ot 24.04.2020.
2. Zuev S. V., Sutjagin K. I. Ugolovnyj process: uchebnik. - Cheljabinsk: Izdatel'skij centr JuUrGU, 2016.- 564 s.
3. Ugolovnyj process: uchebnik dlja bakalavriata juridicheskih vuzov / O. I. Andreeva [i dr.]; pod red. O. I. Andreevoj, A. D. Nazarova, N. G. Stojko i A. G. Tuzova. - Rostov n/D: Feniks, 2018. - 439 s.
 
JUDICIARY
Kushkhov R. Kh., Animokov I. K.
Classification and role of evidence in criminal proceedings
The author of the article claims that the topic of classification of evidence in criminal proceedings is one of the central ones for procedural activity. The importance of this topic plays a large role in the practical work of investigative authorities. The author considers not only the classification of evidence, but also its role in criminal proceedings, as well as the main features of evidence necessary in criminal proceedings.
Keywords: evidence, criminal procedure, role, classification, objectivity, inadmissible, activity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ red. ot 24.04.2020.
2. Ugolovnyj process: uchebnik dlja bakalavriata juridicheskih vuzov / O. I. Andreeva [i dr.]; pod red. O. I. Andreevoj, A. D. Nazarova, N. G. Stojko i A. G. Tuzova. — Rostov n/D: Feniks, 2018. — 439 s.
3. Ugolovno-processual'noe pravo (Ugolovnyj process): Uchebnik dlja vuzov / Pod red. prof. Je. K. Kutueva; nauch. red. i vstupitel'noe slovo prof. V. P. Sal'nikova; 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – SPb.: Sankt-Peterburgskij un-t MVD Rossii; Fond «Universitet», 2019. – 583 s.
 
JUDICIARY
Makogon I. V.
On some aspects of the institution of civil action in criminal proceedings
The article considers some views and the nature of a civil claim in criminal proceedings on the basis of research and analysis of its general theoretical provisions and investigative practice. There are still a number of problems in the research area, which are identified by the author in this article. Analysis of investigative practice has shown that special difficulties arise when filing a civil claim and determining the amount of damage caused. Most often, this is due to shortcomings in the activities of law enforcement agencies at the stage of preliminary investigation.
Keywords: civil claim, criminal proceedings, compensation for harm, civil law, victim, investigator.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Krivoshhjokov N. V. Dejatel'nost' sledovatelja po obespecheniju vozmeshhenija vreda, prichinennogo prestupleniem: metodicheskie rekomendacii. - Tjumen', 2013.
2. Merezhkina M. S. Problemy zakonodatel'nogo regulirovanija vozmeshhenija vreda, prichinennogo zhizni grazhdanina // Jurist. - 2006. - # 3.
3. Nikonov A. V., Gorkina E. V. znachenie jazyka i stilja processual'nyh dokumentov v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2017. - # 4 (43).
4. Popova O. A. Vlijanie raspredelenija nagruzki v sledstvennyh podrazdelenijah na kachestvo rassledovanija ugolovnyh del. MVD Rossii. - 2009. - # 3 (10).
5. Horsheva V. S. O nekotoryh aspektah vzaimodejstvija sledovatelja, doznavatelja s operativnymi sluzhbami organov vnutrennih del v hode rassledovanija prestuplenij // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2019. - # 1 (48).
 
JUDICIARY
Redkina E. N., Sukharenko E. A.
Creation and activity of judicial community bodies in the Republic of Crimea at the present stage
The article is devoted to topical issues related to the formation of judicial community bodies in
the Republic of Crimea, their structure and activities at the present stage. In particular, it is proposed to Supplement the Federal law “On bodies of the judicial community of the Republic of Crimea and the Federal city of Sevastopol” with provisions on such a type of body of the judicial community as the General Assembly of court judges, which is currently not fixed in the content of the said legislative act. The necessity of providing the judiciary rule-making powers, in connection with what to issue a separate regulatory legal act “On normative activities of bodies of judicial community”. In addition, the need to create such a body of the judicial community as the General Assembly of justices of the peace of the subjects of the Russian Federation, including in the territory of the Republic of Crimea, which would represent the interests of the justice of the peace in the territory of the Republic of Crimea is also proved.
Keywords: bodies of the judicial community, Republic of Crimea, conference of judges, Council of judges, General meeting of judges, qualification Board, examination Commission.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru, 04.07.2020.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 23.02.2017 g. # 90 «O naznachenii sudej federal'nyh sudov i o predstaviteljah Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii v kvalifikacionnyh kollegijah sudej sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2017. – # 9. – St. 1348.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 14 marta 2002 g. # 30-FZ «Ob organah sudejskogo soobshhestva v Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2002. –# 11. – St. 1022.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 23 ijunja 2014 g. # 155-FZ «Ob organah sudejskogo soobshhestva Respubliki Krym i goroda federal'nogo znachenija Sevastopolja» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2014. – # 26 (chast' I).– St. 3361.
5. Postanovlenie Gosudarstvennogo Soveta Respubliki Krym ot 29 aprelja 2019 goda # 2337-1/19// [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://crimea.gov.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 25.08.2020).
6. Postanovlenie Soveta sudej Respubliki Krym #223 ot 09.06.2020 g. «O merah po preduprezhdeniju novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii v sudah Respubliki Krym». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://krm.ssrf.ru/dokumienty/postanovlieniia/38115
(data obrashhenija: 20.08.2020).
7. O provedenii Konferencii sudej Respubliki Krym: Upravlenie Sudebnogo departamenta v Respublike Krym. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://usd.krm.sudrf.ru/modules.php?name=press_dep&op=1&did=502 (data obrashhenija: 28.08.2020).
8. Burdina E.V. Pravovaja priroda, organizacija i dejatel'nost' organov sudejskogo soobshhestva v sudebnoj sisteme Rossii: avtoref. dis. … d.ju.n., spec.12.00.11. – M., 2016. – 57 s.
9. Kulagin V.V. Organy sudejskogo soobshhestva, problemy ih funkcionirovanija // Sovremennye nauchnye issledovanija i innovacii. – 2016. - # 10. – S. 455-457.
 
ANTICORRUPTION LAW
Taova L. Yu., Tolgurova Z. H.
On the question of corruption prevention measures in the state authorities
The emergence of corruption, as a negative phenomenon, is inherent in any state that is under the influence of power and money. The evolution of each society leads to the expansion of the bureaucratic apparatus, which is obligatory for the implementation of all kinds of public interests.
This trend contributes to the creation of conditions for civil servants to exercise their powers for
personal purposes.
Keywords: сorruption, anti-corruption.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/ (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2020).
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot t06.03.2006 # 35-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_10699/ (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2020).
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii korrupcii» ot 25.12.2008 # 273-FZ (red. 24.04.2020) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_82959/ (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2020).
4. Andrianov V. D. Korrupcija kak global'naja problema. Istorija i sovremennost'. - M.: Jekonomika, 2016. - 304 c.
5. Vershinina D.D. Obespechenie kompleksnoj bezopasnosti organizacii // Teorija i praktika proektnogo obrazovanija. - 2019. - # 2 (10). - S. 21-24.
6. Kirpichnikov A. I. Vzjatka i korrupcija v Rossii. -M.: Al'fa, 2016. - 350 c.
7. Kostennikov M. V. Administrativnyj zapret kak sredstvo protivodejstvija korrupcii v sisteme gosudarstvennoj sluzhby. - M.: Juniti-Dana, Zakon i pravo, 2017. - 128 c.
 
POLICY AND LAW
Fadeev K. V.
Specifics of studying the problem of apolitism in the public environment through the prism of conceptual and theoretical analysis
The article presents an analytical review of a number of existing conceptual positions on the issue of apolitical society, which allows us to consider the key feature of the study of social apolitizm, expressed in the presentation of this problem from the point of view of various scientific directions.
Keywords: conceptual and theoretical position, apolitical, apolitism, power, state, negation, political isolation
Work bibliographic list
1. Antoshhenko A. V. Poslednij priezd G. P. Fedotova v Saratov // Vestnik Saratovskogo universiteta. - 2020. - T.20. - Vyp. 1.
2. Antoshhenko A. V. «Ja otmezhjovyvajus' ot jemigrantskogo apolitizma». Pis'ma A. V. Kartashjova G. I. Novickomu. 1954-1955 gody // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. - 2019. - # 3 (23).
3. Bobylov Ju. Fenomen «sil'noj politiki» mudrogo Shan Jana! V sovremennoj Rossii on poka ochen' nedoocenjon! K bolee aktivnomu izucheniju v Rossii kitajskogo stilja upravlenija narodom! [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.peoples.ru/state/teacher/shang_yang (data obrashhenija: 12.06.2020).
4. Vojtehovich R. S. Voinstvujushhij apolitizm Cvetaevoj:polemika s misteriej-buff Majakovskogo // Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo lingvisticheskogo universiteta. Gumanitarnye nauki. - 2018. - Vyp. 3 (792).
5. Konovalov I. N. Sozdanie kooperativnoj gruppy v Gosudarstvennoj Dume Rossii (1912-1915 gody) // Vestnik Samarskogo universiteta. Istorija, pedagogika, filosofija. - 2019. - T. 25. - # 3.
6. Mokshin G. N. «Kul'turnoe» ili «kul'turnicheskoe» narodnichestvo? (O znachenii ponjatij v istorii otechestvennogo narodnikovedenija) // Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2016. - # 1 (37).
7. Politicheskie partii Rossii v 90-e gody XX veka: ih klassifikacija i programmnye ustanovki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.uchebnikfree.com/partii-rejimyi-politicheskie/politicheskie-partii-rossiigodyi-veka-19874.html (data obrashhenija: 12.06.2020).
 
STATE AND LAW
Batyrev D. N., Bormandzhieva M. A. Kekeeva G. A.
Legal regulation of transport security on the example of the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China
This article is devoted to the legal regulation of transport security on the example of the Russian
Federation and the People’s Republic of China. The normative legal acts of both the Russian
Federation and the people’s Republic of China contain legal norms dedicated to ensuring safety in the operation of transport, namely, railway, sea, aircraft, and automobile traffic (including rules on the responsibility of those responsible). Transport is a high-risk object. The attack on it is dangerous not only for the person (his life and health, other rights), but also for the public interest, accordingly, must follow the rules of operation of all types of vehicles for the safe movement of goods and people and be provided with state immunity from criminal intervention, so there should be laws to prevent them.
Keywords: Russian Federation, People’s Republic of China, transport infrastructure, transport
security, cargo transportation, passenger transportation, shipping, railway network, road traffic,
aviation security, law.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Vozdushnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 19.03.1997 # 60-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 24.03.1997. # 12. S. 1383.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O transportnoj bezopasnosti» ot 09.02.2007 # 16-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 12.02.2007. # 7. S. 837.
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii terrorizmu» ot 06.03.2006 # 35-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 13.03.2006. # 11. S. 1146.
4. Federal'nyj zakon «O zheleznodorozhnom transporte v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 10.01. 2003 # 17-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 13.01.2003. # 2. S. 169.
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 10.12.1995 # 196-FZ «O bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 11.12.1995. # 50. S. 4873.
6. Federal'nyj zakon ot 30.04.1999 # 81-FZ «Kodeks torgovogo moreplavanija Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 03.05.1999. # 18. S. 2207.
7. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 12.08.2010 #620 «Ob utverzhdenii tehnicheskogo reglamenta o bezopasnosti ob"ektov morskogo transporta» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. 23.08.2010. # 34. S. 4475.
8. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 11 ijunja 2004 g. # 274 «Voprosy Ministerstva transporta Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14 ijunja 2004 g. # 24. S. 2429.
9. Soglashenie mezhdu Pravitel'stvom Rossijskoj Federacii i Pravitel'stvom Special'nogo administrativnogo rajona Gonkong, Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki o vozdushnom soobshhenii ot 22.01.1999 (dejstvuet ot 01.06.2010) // Bjulleten' mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov. 2012. # 1.
10. Soglashenie mezhdu Pravitel'stvom Rossijskoj Federacii i Pravitel'stvom Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki o mezhdunarodnom avtomobil'nom soobshhenii ot 08.06.2018 (dejstvuet ot 17.09.2018) //Bjulleten' mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov. 2019. # 1.
11. Zakon Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki «O bezopasnosti morskogo transporta» 1983 goda (ofic. tekst na kit. jaz.) (Dostup iz ofic. sajta pravitel'stva Kitaja.) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.gov.cn.
12. Zakon Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki «O morskom processual'nom prave» ot 1999 goda (ofic. tekst na kit. jaz.) (Dostup iz ofic. sajta pravitel'stva Kitaja.) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.gov.cn.
13. Zakon Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki «O grazhdanskoj aviacii» 1 marta 1996 g. (ofic. tekst na kit. jaz.) // Ofic. sajt Central'nogo Narodnogo Pravitel'stva Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.gov.cn.
14. Aleksandrov A.N., Petrykin N.N. Osobennosti obespechenija bezopasnosti na ob"ektah transporta v kitajskoj narodnoj respublike // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2017. 16-22.
15. Skrynnik A.M. Transportnaja (morskaja) bezopasnost' v sisteme nacional'noj i mezhdunarodnoj bezopasnosti. Pravovoe regulirovanie // Severo-kavkazskij juridicheskij vestnik. 2011. # 2. 17-23.
16. China’s high-growth aviation gains global concerns (2014).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http:// www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/201409/18/content_18619702.htm (accessed 30.09.2020). (In Eng.).
17. Market Watch No. 2, 2015 (2015) // BJREVIEW.COM.CN: sajt zhurnala «Beijing Review». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.bjreview.com.cn/print/txt/201501/04/content_662253.htm (data obrashhenija: 28.09.2020).
 
STATE AND LAW
Dadova Z. I., Buraeva L. A.
Preservation of historical memory as a factor patriotism preserving
The authors of the article consider the topic of preserving historical memory, which is important
for modern society as a preserving patriotism factor. For our state, patriotism is an important component of a strong country building, this is proved by the centuries-old experience. The authors consider the historical memory preservation as a factor of patriotism preservation and suggest a number of possible ways to solve the problem of patriotism sense forming among the younger generation.
Keywords: patriotism, history, historical memory, factor, country, multinational, young generation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 30.12.2015 #1493 (red. ot 30.03.2020) «O gosudarstvennoj programme «Patrioticheskoe vospitanie grazhdan Rossijskoj Federacii na 2016-2020 gody».
2. Ahmetshina A. V. Ponjatie «istoricheskoj pamjati» i ee znachenie v sovremennom rossijskom obshhestve //Aktual'nye voprosy obshhestvennyh nauk: sociologii, politologii, filosofii, istorii. Sbornik statej po materialam HHHVIII mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii # 6 (38) g. Novosibirsk. - 23 ijunja 2014. - S. 11-16.
3. Vjazemskij E. E. Istoricheskaja politika gosudarstva, istoricheskaja pamjat' i soderzhanie shkol'nogo kursa istorii Rossii // Problemy sovremennogo obrazovanija. - 2011. - # 6. - S. 89-97.
4. Hal'bvaks M. Social'nye ramki pamjati / Per. s fr.  i vstupitel'naja stat'ja S. N. Zenkina - M.: Novoe izdatel'stvo, 2015. - 348 s.
 
STATE AND LAW
Lanovoy V. G.
Form of state: the notion, essence and system characteristics
Тhe article describes the legal category “form of state” through the disclosure of its main elements “form of government”, “form of political and territorial organization” and “political regime”, taking into account the constantly occurring transformation of social and political relations between the government and society at the present stage of historical development, the role of social ideology in understanding the form of government. It is argued that ideology is created by a person (or a group of people) by interpreting basic social values in conjunction with established behavioral stereotypes to justify and determine the vector of social development. Political regimes can be clearly distinguished only by legal criteria, and as methods of social and legal regulation, they ensure the implementation of the same declared tasks of different States. It is proposed to use a systematic approach in the study of statehood, taking into account the principles of socio-economic and political organization, cultural characteristics, legal traditions, and national mentality of the population.
Keywords: world system, capitalism, socialism, ideology, democracy, totalitarianism, culture, national mentality, authoritarianism, monarchy, Republic, Unitarianism, federalism.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 g.): (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami Rossijskoj Federacii o popravkah k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ i ot 30.12.2008 #7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 #11-FKZ, s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Konsul'tant Pljus:komp. sprav. pravovaja sistema. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru(data obrashhenija: 10.09.2020).
2. Alekseev S.S. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. Uchebnik dlja juridicheskih vuzov i fakul'tetov. M., 1998.
3. Vallerstajn I. Mirosistemnyj analiz: Vvedenie.M.: URSS: LENAND, 2018.
4. Gumplovich L. Obshhee uchenie o gosudarstve. SPb., 1910.
5. Lenin V.I. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij. M.: Politizdat, 1967. T. 39.
6. Hazin M., Shheglov S. Lestnica v nebo. Kratkaja versija. M.: RIPOL klassik, 2017.
7. Hvostov V.M. Obshhaja teorija prava. M., 1914.
 
STATE AND LAW
Mokhorov D. A., Mokhorova A. Yu., Demidov V. P.
Role of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation in the fight against corruption
The Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation as the highest legislative body has significant legal capabilities to create a regulatory framework for combating corruption. The relevance of the study is to study the forms of parliamentary activity used in the process of combating corruption. The aim of the work is to identify the most important aspects of the parliamentary investigation procedure used in modern conditions. The methodological basis is constituted by general scientific methods, with the help of which the activity of the representative authority is comprehensively analyzed, the most important aspects of the work of the legislative body to combat corruption are highlighted. In addition, comparative legal and subject-field methods are applied. The result of the study are proposals to improve the legal framework of federal legislation governing the control activities of parliament.
Keywords: Federal Assembly, corruption, legal regulation, anti-corruption, socio-political phenomenon.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agapov I.O. Juridicheskie osobennosti lobbirovanija v Rossii. Pravo: istorija, teorija, praktika:materialy IV Mezhdunar. nauch. konf. (g. Sankt-Peterburg, ijul' 2016 g.). – SPb: Izd-vo «Molodoj uchjonyj», 2016. – iv, 110.
2. Bobrova N. A, Zaikin D. A. Parlamentskie formy bor'by s korrupciej // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2009. – # 1.
3. Demidov V.P., Mohorova A.Ju. Korrupcija kak javlenie gosudarstvennogo i municipal'nogo upravlenija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve.– 2014. – # 6. – S. 296-298.
4. Mohorov D.A. Korrupcija kak problema gosudarstvennogo upravlenija, social'no-filosofskij aspekt // Vosemnadcatye petrovskie chtenija (istorija, politologija, sociologija, filosofija, jekonomika, kul'tura, obrazovanie i pravo). – Materialy vserossijskoj nauchnoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. Petrovskaja akademija nauk i iskusstv, Otdelenie istoricheskih nauk. – 2017. – S.345-349.
5. Sirotenko S.P. Normativno-pravovoe regulirovanie lobbizma: rossijskij i zarubezhnyj opyt: avtoref. dis…kand. jur. nauk. – SPb, 2011.
 
STATE AND LAW
Novikov B. M.
Public participation in urban planning:Russia and foreign experience
In this article, the author considered the main approaches to the implementation of public participation in urban planning activities.
The theoretical provisions of factors, forms, criteria for success and goals facing the institution were analyzed. The problems of public participation in Russia are identified and substantiated. Based on the research and analysis of foreign legislation, the author proposes to make a number of significant changes to the existing legislation of Russia with further optimization of the institution.
Keywords: urban planning, public participation, Russia, urban planning activities, democracy, legal culture.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Aver'janova N. N. Publichnye slushanija kak forma vzaimodejstvija vlasti i obshhestva v sfere regulirovanija zemel'nyh otnosheniĭ // Izvestija Saratovskogo universiteta. Novaja serija. Serija: Jekonomika. Upravlenie. Pravo. 2013. T. 13. # 1-1. S. 101-104.
2. Krymov S. A. Problemy provedenija publichnyh slushaniĭ v rossijskih gorodah // Tochki nad Ë. 2012. # 4. S. 48-54.
3. Fung A. (2015) Putting the public back into governance:The challenges of citizen participation and its future //Public Administration Review 2015. P. 513-523.
4. Kast Alexandra: Überfordert oder übersehen? Partizipation und Engagement von MigrantInnen im Quartier, Newsletter Wegweiser Bürgergesellschaft 17/2008. 12 p.
 
STATE AND LAW
Stellman I. Yu.
On the issue of state power unity
The author considers the theory of separation of powers as one of the ways of providing unity of state power, and the theory of state power unity is viewed as representation of power of all the multicultural people. The article provides analysis of the newest “Public power” category, represented in The Main Law of the State. The issues of interaction between state and local powers, raised by the newest clauses of the Constitution, are also mentioned.
Keywords: state power, separation of powers, Constitution, local power, public power, system of state power, sovereignty, Russian Federation, civil society.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 goda s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 1 ijulja 2020 goda).
2. Morozova O. G. Edinstvo gosudarstvennoj vlasti:istoriko-teoreticheskij pravovoj aspekt. - Krasnodar: Kubanskij gos. un-t, 2004.
3. Chesnokov A. S. Ispolnitel'naja vlast' v Rossijskoj Federacii: teoretiko-pravovoj analiz. Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - M., 2001.
 
STATE AND LAW
Tsapanova S. S.
The functions of the state as the main directions of internal and external activities of the state mechanism
The article considers the points of view of scientists regarding approaches to understanding the categories «function» and «functions of the state». The question is raised about the correlation of functions, goals and objectives of the state. A comparative analysis of the concepts of state functions and functions of state bodies is carried out. At the same time, the latter should be distinguished from the competence of state bodies. In this regard, the article examines the correlation of such categories as functions and competence of state bodies. At the end of the article, the author makes a conclusion about the content of the functions of the state.
Keywords: state, state body, state mechanism, function.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev S. S. Gosudarstvo i pravo. Nachal'nyj kurs. - M., 1996. - S. 40.
2. Bajtin M. I. Funkcii gosudarstva // Teorija gosudarstva i prava. Kurs lekcij // Pod. red. N. I. Matuzova i A. V. Mal'ko. - M., 2001. - S. 60-61.
3. Grigonis Je. P. Mehanizm pravovogo gosudarstva. Monografija. - SPb., 1999.
4. Eropkin M. I. Upravlenie v oblasti obshhestvennogo porjadka. - M., 1965.
5. Kozhevnikov S. N. Teorija gosudarstva. Kurs lekcij. Chast' 1. - N. Novgorod, 2003.
6. Komarov S. A. Obshhaja teorija gosudarstva i prava.- M., 1996.
7. Kondakov N. I. Logicheskij slovar'-spravochnik. -M., 1975.
8. Kuznecov I. N. Kompetencija vysshih organov vlasti i upravlenija v SSSR. - M., 1969.
9. Lazarev B. M.Kompetencija organov upravlenija. -M., 1972.
10. Morozova L. A. Problemy sovremennoj Rossijskoj gosudarstvennosti: uchebnoe posobie. - M., 1998.
11. Nersesjanc B .C. Teorija prava i gosudarstva. Kratkij uchebnyj kurs. - M., 2013.
12. Nurgaliev R. G. Organy vnutrennih del i ih rol' v obespechenii social'no-jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti strany. - M., 2010.
13. Ozhegov S. I., Shvedova N. Ju. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka. - M., 2006.
14. Obshhaja teorija gosudarstva i prava. Akademicheskij kurs v 3-h tomah. / Otv. red. M. N. Marchenko. T. 1. -M., 2002.
15. Romashov R. A. Funkcii gosudarstva // Problemy teorii prava i gosudarstva: Kurs lekcij // Pod obshh. red. V. P. Sal'nikova. - SPb., 2005.
16. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. Kurs lekcij/ pod red. N. I. Matuzova i A. V. Mal'ko. - M., 1997.
17. Sovetskij jenciklopedicheskij slovar'. Izdanie 2-e / Pod red. Prohorova A. M. – M., 1980.
18. Chesnokov A. A. Penitenciarnaja sistema v mehanizme rossijskogo gosudarstva: istoriko-teoreticheskij aspekt. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - N. Novgorod, 2006.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Abazov A. B.
The 2020 Constitution of the Russian Federation as a guarantor of social protection in a modern state
The article deals with the problem of defining and consolidating the “sociality” of a modern democratic state. The 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation bore the “formal character” of providing social guarantees to Russian society. The Constitution of the Russian Federation should act as a guarantor of the provision of social protection to society from a practical perspective. However, within the framework of the 1993 Constitution, this function was reduced to minimal actions, which were predominantly theoretical in nature: the goals and objectives of social policy were outlined, there were no clear definitions, an assessment of the effectiveness of the social rights provided. This issue was extremely controversial and topical, as evidenced by discussions in the scientific literature and within public organizations. The aggravation of this problem was one of the reasons for the constitutional reform carried out in 2020.
Keywords: Constitution of the Russian Federation, social guarantees, constitutional amendments, legal regulation, social protection, constitutional norms, state bodies, constitutional
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem. 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020)
2. Abazov A.B. Analiz izmenenij vnosimyh v Konstituciju Rossijskoj Federacii na sovremennom jetape //V sbornike: Luchshaja nauchno-issledovatel'skaja rabota 2020. Sbornik statej XXV Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo konkursa. Pod obshhej redakciej G.Ju. Guljaeva. 2020. S. 44-47.
3. Abazov A.B. Popravki k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii 2020 g. kak novyj jetap v razvitii Rossii Obrazovanie. Nauka. Nauchnye kadry. 2020. # 3. S. 88-93.
4. Azarova E.G. Konstitucionnye trebovanija k rossijskomu zakonodatel'stvu o social'nom obespechenii //Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2018. # 7. S. 16-20
5. Kozyreva P.M., Smirnov A.I. Rossijskie pensionery v uslovijah krizisa // Social'nye issledovanija. 2017.# 1. S. 64-73.rights.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Antipov E. G.
Administrative supervision in the region of fire safety:concept and signs
The work analyzes various scientific and doctrinal sources that reveal the positive content of the concept of “supervision”, “administrative supervision”, as well as the relevant provisions of the relevant federal regulations in the field of fire safety, which provided
an opportunity to develop and propose for introduction into scientific circulation the author’s version of the meaningful filling the definition of “administrative supervision in the field of fire safety”. Also, the author identified and highlighted a set of fundamental (essential) signs of administrative supervision in the field of fire safety, best revealing its legal nature in modern conditions of implementation and development of a risk-based approach.
Keywords: Emercom of Russia, public administration, fire safety, state fire supervision, federal fire service, control and supervision activities, administrative supervision, administrative and legal phenomenon, legal nature, risk-oriented approach.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 20.07.2020)
2. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 11.08.2020)// SZ RF. 2002. # 1 (ch. 1). St. 1.
3. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 11.07. 2004 # 868 (red. Ot 29.06.2020) «Voprosy Ministerstva Rossijskoj Federacii po delam grazhdanskoj oborony, chrezvychajnym situacijam i likvidacii posledstvij stihijnyh bedstvij» // SZ RF. 2004. # 28. St. 2882.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.12.1994 # 69-FZ (red. ot 27.12.2019) «O pozharnoj bezopasnosti» //SZ RF.1994. # 35. St. 3649
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 22.07.2008 # 123-FZ (red. Ot 27.12.2018) «Tehnicheskij reglament o trebovanijah pozharnoj bezopasnosti»// SZ RF.2008. # 30 (ch. 1).St. 3579.
6. Federal'nyj zakon ot 26.12.2008 # 294-FZ (red. ot 13.07.2020) «O zashhite prav juridicheskih lic i individual'nyh predprinimatelej pri osushhestvlenii gosudarstvennogo kontrolja (nadzora) i municipal'nogo kontrolja» // SZ RF. 2008. # 52 (ch. 1). St. 6249.
7. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 12.04.2012 # 290 (red. ot 09.10.2019) «O federal'nom gosudarstvennom pozharnom nadzore» (vmeste s «Polozheniem o federal'nom gosudarstvennom pozharnom nadzore») // SZ RF. 2012. # 17. St. 1964.
8. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 17.08.2016 # 806 (red. ot 04.09.2020) «O primenenii riskorientirovannogo podhoda pri organizacii otdel'nyh vidov gosudarstvennogo kontrolja (nadzora) i vnesenii izmenenij v nekotorye akty Pravitel'-
stva Rossijskoj Federacii» (vmeste s «Pravilami otnesenija dejatel'nosti juridicheskih lic i individual'nyh predprinimatelej i (ili) ispol'zuemyh imi proizvodstvennyh ob"ektov k opredelennoj kategorii riska ili opredelennomu klassu (kategorii) opasnosti») // SZ RF. 2016. # 35.St. 5326.
9. Prikaz MChS Rossii ot 30.11.2016 # 644 «Ob utverzhdenii Administrativnogo reglamenta Ministerstva Rossijskoj Federacii po delam grazhdanskoj oborony, chrezvychajnym situacijam i likvidacii posledstvij stihijnyh bedstvij ispolnenija gosudarstvennoj funkcii po nadzoru za vypolneniem trebovanij pozharnoj bezopasnosti» (Zaregistrirovano v Minjuste Rossii 13.01.2017 # 45228). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 20.07.2020)
10. Agapov A.B. Administrativnoe pravo: uchebnik dlja bakalavrov. – 9-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2014. – Serija: Bakalavr. Uglublennyj kurs.
11. Savickij V.M. Ocherk teorii prokurorskogo nadzora. – M., 1975.
12. Pravovoj mehanizm gosudarstvennogo kontrolja i nadzora: osobennosti otraslevogo regulirovanija:monografija / pod obshh. red. dokt. jurid. nauk, prof. O.Ju. Bakaevoj. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2013.
13. Bahrah D.N. Administrativnoe pravo Rossii: uchebnik. - 2-e izd., pererab, i dop. – M.: Jeksmo, 2008.
14. Volkov A.M., Dugenec A.S. Administrativnoe pravo: uchebnik. – M.: ID «FORUM»: INFRA-M, 2012.
15. Bahrah D.N. Administrativnoe pravo Rossii: Uchebnik dlja vuzov. –M.: Norma, 2000.
16. Studenikina M.S. Gosudarstvennye inspekcii SSSR. –M., 1987.
17. Rossinskij B.V., Starilov Ju.N. Administrativnoe pravo: uchebnik. –4-e izd., peresmotr. i dop. –M.:Norma: Infra-M, 2010.
18. Konin N.M. Administrativnoe pravo Rossii: Uchebnik / pod red. N.M. Konina, Ju.N. Starilov, M-vo obrazovanija i nauki Ros. Federacii, Feder. agentstvo po obrazovaniju, Gos. obrazovat. Uchrezhdenie vyssh. prof. obrazovanija «Saratovskaja gosudarstvennaja akademija prava». –Saratov: Izd-vo GOU VPO «Sarat. gos. akad. prava», 2006.
19. Pobezhimova N.I. Osnovnye tendencii razvitija kontrolja i nadzora v sfere gosudarstvennogo upravlenija // Aktual'nye voprosy kontrolja i nadzora v social'no znachimyh sferah dejatel'nosti obshhestva i gosudarstva: materialy IV Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj 90-letiju professora I.A. Skljarova (Rossija, g. Nizhnij Novgorod, 12 aprelja 2018 g.) / Otv. red. doktor juridicheskih nauk, professor A.V. Martynov. –N. Novgorod: Izd-vo Nizhegorodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo, 2018.
20. Martynov A.V. Administrativnyj nadzor v Rossii:teoreticheskie osnovy postroenija: monografija /pod red. Ju.N. Starilova. –M.: JuNITI–DATA: Zakon i pravo, 2010. (Serija «Nauchnye izdanija dlja juristov»).
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Aripshev A. M.
Some questions about the effectiveness of information security
The authors of the presented article analyze the features of the legal regulation of the procedure for processing, storing and transferring personal data, analyze the effectiveness of the work of legal mechanisms related to the processing and storage of personal data. The article discusses and analyzes the main threats to the integrity of information and the means of protection against them. The means of information protection are considered, the information market is analyzed, the legal mechanisms of data protection and the degree of development of data protection are considered. At the present stage of the development of society, it is the protection of personal data that is becoming one of the most pressing issues.
Keywords: operator, information processing and storage, personal data, protection of citizens’ rights, personal identification.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.07.2006 # 149- FZ «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii».
2. Kiselev I.Ja. Novyj oblik trudovogo prava stran Zapada // Trudovoe pravo: Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchnoj konferencii. Moskva, 11 dekabrja 2013 g.; pod red. S.I. Svir'ina, T.V. Sokolovskogo, M.Ju. Matveeva.- M., 2013.
3. Tolokol'nikova E.S. Zashhita personal'nyh dannyh rabotnika //Pravovye problemy ukreplenija rossijskoj gosudarstvennosti. sbornik statej. Tomskij gosudarstvennyj universitet. - Tomsk, 2010.
4. Sheljakina E.S. Ponjatie obrabotki personal'nyh dannyh rabotnika // Pravovye problemy ukreplenija rossijskoj gosudarstvennosti. - Tomsk, 2009. - S. 142-144.
5. Internet blurs personal life: materials Cnews // Details. -2007. - 17 October. - Electron. Dan. (1) file. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.podrobnosti.ua/ptheme/internet/2007/10/17/465688.html (data obrashhenija: 07.02.2020).
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Zhukov A. Z.
Information terrorism in the modern world: developing a countermeasures strategy
The article deals with the actual problem of the spread of information terrorism in the world space. Information terrorism is a new type of criminal activity. Terrorists use modern information resources, the Internet space to spread the ideology of terrorism. In the current conditions, it is extremely important to create an effective and complex system that will include technological and regulatory elements.
The use of information technology significantly complicates the fight against terrorism. Cyberterrorism requires the use of new methods, algorithms to combat it, as well as systematic and systematic modernization, both in technical and legislative aspects.
Keywords: information terrorism, cyber terrorism, information security, information technology, Internet space.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 15.01.2013 # 31s (red. Ot 22.12.2017) «O sozdanii gosudarstvennoj sistemy obnaruzhenija, preduprezhdenija i likvidacii posledstvij komp'juternyh atak na informacionnye resursy Rossijskoj Federacii» .
2. «Koncepcija protivodejstvija terrorizmu v Rossijskoj Federacii» (utv. Prezidentom RF 05.10.2009).
3. Ljuev T. H. Informacionnyj terrorizm – kak odin iz vidov terroristicheskih ugroz v uslovijah globalizacii informacionnogo prostranstva // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve.- 2019. - # 5. - S. 247-249.
4. Molchanov N. A., Matevosova E. K. Informacionnyj terrorizm v mezhdunarodno-pravovom kontekste. - M.: Vestnik universiteta im. O.E. Kutafina, Vektor Juridicheskie nauki. - 2018. - # 5.- S.94 -103.
5. Shamaev A. M Informacionnoe obespechenie antiterroristicheskoj dejatel'nosti // Istoricheskaja i social'no-obrazovatel'naja mysl'. - 2015.- T. 7. - # 5-2. - S. 181-184.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Makoeva E. R., Mazdogova Z. Z.
The essence of extremism, methods of its prevention among the personnel of internal affairs bodies
According to the authors, the condition and dominant activity of extremist organizations is the
dissemination of their ideology, as well as the acquisition of supporters. The authors of the article emphasize that culture, traditional values, the spiritual and moral health of society and the psyche of a particular person act as a target for the leaders and activists of these organizations. Special emphasis should be placed on raising awareness among young employees about the need to accurately and strictly comply with the requirements of the law, protect the constitutional rights and freedoms of citizens, the interests of society and the state from unlawful encroachments.
Keywords: extremist organizations, mass consciousness management, extremist crimes, prevention and counteraction to political and religious extremism among police officers.
Work bibliographic list
1. Adavi N. M. Jevoljucija terrorizma: ot gruppirovok k gosudarstvu // Social'no-gumanitarnye znanija. - 2018.- # 4. - S. 267-272.
2. Astashenok K. V. Fenomen jekstremizma. Vozniknovenie i razvitie // Mir nauki, kul'tury, obrazovanija. - 2013.- # 6 (43). - S. 539-542.
3. Butkevich S. A. Ideologija terrorizma i jekstremizma:javnye i skrytye ugrozy // Obshhestvo i pravo. - 2016. - #4 (58). - S. 88-93.
4. Veblen T. Teorija prazdnogo klassa. - M., 1984.
5. Ganaeva E. Je. Analiz obshhih faktorov, porozhdajushhih religioznyj jekstremizm // Nauchnyj vestnik «Magistr». - 2016. - # 1. - S. 136-141.
6. Makoeva E. R. «O nekotoryh voprosah pravovoj zashhity sotrudnikov OVD // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve». - 2019. - # 5. - S. 225-227.
7. Mazdogova Z. Z. «Molodezhnyj religioznyj jekstremizm v sovremennoj Rossii i puti ego preodolenija»// Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija. - 2015.- # 13. - S. 28-30.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Misrokov T. Z., Teppeev A. A.
Coordination of joint efforts to counter terrorism within the framework of the Commonwealth of Independent States
The article analyzes the experience of interaction in the fight against terrorist threats accumulated within the framework of the Commonwealth of Independent States. The author examines the main areas of coordination of efforts by the Commonwealth countries, such as the unification of legislation in the field of combating terrorism, the activities of the CIS Anti-Terrorist Center as the leading sectoral body of the Commonwealth in countering terrorism, as well as international exercises, conferences and meetings held under the auspices of the CIS, the purpose of which is to establish interaction. Attention is focused on the terrorist threats that are urgent for the Commonwealth and recommendations for their neutralization are offered.
Keywords: countering terrorism, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the CIS Anti-Terrorist Center, international efforts to combat terrorism, the unification of legislation on countering terrorism.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Rekomendacii po unifikacii i garmonizacii nacional'nogo zakonodatel'stva gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG v sfere bor'by s terrorizmom. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.cisatc.org/1289/135/154/253.
2. Feofanov K. A., Astishina E. A. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo stran SNG v sfere protivodejstvija terrorizmu // Social'no-gumanitarnye znanija. -2018. - # 5.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Fedosov A. V., Kutuzova I. S., Galimova A. R., Iziliaeva L. O.
Analysis of regulatory documents in the field of professional risk assessment
The issue of industrial injuries is very acute all over the world. The main task in the fight against industrial injuries is considered to be the prevention of accidents at work, the protection of life and health. Thanks to the risk assessment, it is possible to exclude accidents at work with the preservation of human life and health.
Currently, different methods are used for risk assessment due to the lack of a single one. All methods are divided into two groups: one allows you to make an assessment in a qualitative form, the other in a quantitative form.
Keywords: risk, professional risk, risk management, risk assessment. Symbols and abbreviations: OHS - health and safety.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abdrahimov Ju. R., Fedosov A. V.,Vadulina N. V. Upravlenie riskami i tehnicheskoe regulirovanie:monografija. - Ufa: RIC UGNTU, 2013. - 176 s.
2. Danieva I. R., Valeeva R. R., Fedosov A. V. Ocenka professional'nogo riska // Aktual'nye problemy nauki i tehniki. -2019. - S. 68-70.
3. Iziljaeva L. O. Informacionno-kommunikativnoe obespechenie social'noj politiki v Respublike Bashkortostan na sovremennom jetape // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennyh obshhestvennyh nauk i puti ih reshenija v uslovijah informacionnogo obshhestva:materialy VIII Mezhdunarodnoj zaochnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii molodyh uchjonyh. – Ufa:
BAGSU, 2019. – S. 143-148.
4. Mahmutova E. N., Iziljaeva L. O. Psihologija krizisnyh i jekstremal'nyh situacij. - Rjazan': RINFO, 2014.
5. Fedosov A. V., Ahmetova D. D., Galeeva A. V., Prohorov A. E. Kolichestvennyj analiz riska avarii na proizvodstvennom ob"ekte // Vestnik molodogo uchenogo UG-NTU. - 2016. - # 4 (8). - S. 14-19.
6. Fedosov A. V., Badrtdinova I. I., Abdrahmanova K. N., Valekzhanin D. Ju. Kolichestvennaja ocenka neopredelennosti rezul'tatov analiza riska tehnogennyh avarij // Jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal Neftegazovoe delo. - 2019. - # 3. - S. 46-66.
7. Fedosov A. V., Zakirova Z. A., Guseva I. E. Professional'nye riski rabotnikov neftjanoj promyshlennosti // Bezopasnost' truda v promyshlennosti. -2016.- # 6. – S. 70-73.
8. Filimonov V. A. Razrabotka i vnedrenie sistemy menedzhmenta ohrany zdorov'ja i obespechenija bezopasnosti truda na osnove mezhdunarodnogo standarta ISO 45001:2018 // Bezopasnost' Truda v Promyshlennosti.- 2020. - # 4. - S. 58-59.
9. Fedosov A. V., Kozlova A. V. Vlijanie chelovecheskogo faktora na realizaciju avarij i incidentov, i metody ego ocenki // Vestnik molodogo uchjonogo UGNTU.- 2016. - # 4 (8). - S. 117-121.
10. Fedosov A. V., Kutuzova I. S., Shabanova V. V., Pahomov O. V. Problemy terminologii i tehnicheskogo regulirovanija v oblasti bezopasnosti truda // Evrazijskij
juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 10 (137). - S.176-177.
11. Abdrakhmanova K. N., Fedosov A. V., Idrisova K. R., Abdrakhmanov N. Kh., Valeeva R. R. Reviewofmodern softwarecomplexes anddigitaltwinconceptforforecas tingemergencysituations in oil andgasindustry // IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. Krasnoyarsk Science and Technology City Hall of the Russian Union of Scientific and Engineering Associations.- 2020. - R. 32078.
12. Vadulina N. V., Abdrahmanov N. Kh., Fedosov A. V., Savicheva Yu. N., Khlopina I. D. Ergonomics of the workplace in the lean production system // IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. Krasnoyarsk Science and Technology City Hall of the Russian Union of Scientific and Engineering Associations. - 2020. - R. 42040.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Gabitova E. G., Gadzhiomarova A. I., Shugaibova B. A.
Problems of modern education during the pandemic
The consequences of the pandemic have affected the most vulnerable areas of life, including education. The crisis has exposed shortcomings in education systems. If you return to quarantine, the situation will be worse. All this will be displayed on education accordingly.
Education is an area that is usually funded by the state to direct or regulate the provision of services. Since there is no guarantee that markets will provide equal access to educational opportunities, public funding of educational services is necessary to ensure that education is not beyond the reach of some members of society.
Higher education institutions will need to develop a new value proposition that re-evaluates the quality of learning and learning mechanisms.
Keywords: Pandemic, education, educational institutions, funding, changes.
Work bibliographic list
1. 5 stran mira s prodvinutymi sistemami obrazovanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://magazine.skyeng.ru/education-systems/.
2. Kak postroena obrazovatel'naja sistema v raznyh stranah. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.magistre.ru/articles/kak-postroena-obrazovatelnayasistema-v-raznyix-stranax.
3. Sistema obrazovanija v raznyh stranah. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://findmykids.org/blog/ru/sistema-obrazovaniya-v-raznykh-stranakh.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Drovaleva L. S., Roshchevskiy A. I., Roshchevskaya E. V.
Digitalization of the judicial system of the Russian Federation and its impact onto lawyers’ professional training system
Тhe Article is devoted to improving legal education. One of the features of modern professional
education in the Russian Federation is the training of specialists to work in the conditions of digitalization of all areas of life. The judicial system is no exception. An analysis of the development of the Russian judicial system over the past two decades has highlighted changes in the professional activities of judges and judicial staff related to informatization, and outlined a number of measures to improve legal education. Such as the interaction of the judiciary with the school, supplementation of the curriculum by the disciplines of psychological orientation, introduction in educational process of innovative information technologies, regular updating of the content of educational programs in the disciplines of information cycle.
Keywords: informatization of the judicial system, information technologies, professional training.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Alikperov H.D. Jelektronnaja tehnologija opredelenija optimal'noj mery nakazanija («Jelektronnye vesy pravosudija») // Rossijskij sud'ja. – 2020.– # 4. – S. 59-64.
2. Koni A.F. Nravstvennye nachala v ugolovnom processe. Izbrannye raboty. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2016. – 148 s.
3. Pedagogicheskij slovar': slovar' / avtor-sostavitel' I.P. Andriadi, S.Ju. Temina. – M.: INFRA-M, 2020. – 221 s.
4. Pisenko K.A. Juridicheskoe obrazovanie v Rossii:teorija i praktika // Pravosudie. – 2019. – T. 1. – S.156-170. DOI: 10.17238/issn2686-9241.2019.1.156-170.
5. Poljakov S.B., Gilev I.A. Informacionnye tehnologii v sudoproizvodstve // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. – 2019. – # 3. – S. 15-19.
6. Nicolás Lozada-Pimiento, AI Systems and technology in dispute resolution, Uniform Law Review, June 2019, unz022. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://doi.org/10.1093/ulr/unz022.
7. Samson Y. Esayas, The idea of `emergent properties` in data privacy: towards a holistic approach, International Joumal of Law and Information Technology. Volume
25. issue 2. Summer 2017, Pages 139-178. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: htts://doi.org/10.1093/ijlit/eaw015.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Koblov F. Ch., Gutaev A. M.
To the question of the philosophy of the significance of the characterological characteristics of the personality of the teacher of educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in the educational process
As a result of the study, the author comes to the conclusion that one of the characterological characteristics of the personality of the teacher involved in the educational process must be mandatory: undeniable authority in the eyes of the students; pedagogical orientation; the ability to be restrained in emotionally difficult situations; patient, collected and self-possessed; able to remain calm in the changing conditions of work; be demanding and objective; have special knowledge; communication skills. According to the author, the personal qualities of the teacher find their development and continuation in each of the students as a result of the educational process, the formation of the future defender of law and order, which largely determines the process and success of education, the achievement of goals
Keywords: teacher, characterological characteristics of the teacher, pedagogical orientation, special knowledge, poise, exactingness, objectivity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zjazjun I. A., Bezkishkina M. T.,.Gavakova T. I. i dr. Osnovy pedagogicheskogo masterstva: Uchebnoe posobie. – Kiev, 1987.
2. Koblov F. Ch, Ashhotova L. A. K voprosu o filosofii kul'tury pedagogicheskogo truda na uroke // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 3 (142).– S. 347-348.
3. Koblov F. Ch. Sovershenstvovanie professional'nogo obuchenija rjadovogo i mladshego nachal'stvujushhego sostava organov vnutrennih del v uslovijah regiona.Dis. … kand. ped. nauk. – Vladikavkaz, 2015. – 285 s.
4. Koblov F. Ch. K voprosu o sposobah organizacii uchebnoj dejatel'nosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 8 (135). – S. 342-343.
5. Tadtaeva L. H. Povyshenie urovnja professionalizma sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del v uslovijah regional'nogo uchebnogo centra. Dis. … kand. ped.nauk. – Vladikavkaz, 2012. – 197 s.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Makhmudova P. M., Kabysh N. F.
Monitoring as a way to study the effectiveness and efficiency of the educational process in college
The article analyzes the methods of studying the effectiveness of educational work among secondary school students. According to the author, several blocks should be laid in the system of educational work carried out in the secondary school. The author believes that this will help to improve the quality of students’ education, providing targeted and timely regulation of the development of the educational process. Conducting a comparative analysis by studying the effectiveness of the educational process in small groups, among students of secondary vocational schools, allows you to study the effectiveness of the educational process, identify its feasibility,
and determine the factors that led to the results achieved.
Keywords: monitoring, educational process, vocational training, College, student, teacher.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Arzamasceva N.G., Konstantinova V.V. Aspekty duhovno-nravstvennogo vospitanija v sisteme obrazovanija // Tradicionnye cennosti Rossii: sbornik materialov II Vserossijskogo foruma / Ministerstvo nauki i vysshego obrazovanija Rossijskoj Federacii, Marijskij gosudarstvennyj universitet i dr. – Joshkar-Ola, 2019. — S. 68
2. Krylova N. B. Formirovanie kul'tury budushhego specialista. – M.: Vysshaja shkola, 1990. – S. 70
3. Komelina V.A., Krylov D.A., Lavrent'ev S.Ju., Zhidik A.R. Sushhnost' i soderzhanie jetnopedagogicheskoj kompetentnosti budushhego pedagoga v kontekste polikul'turnogo obrazovatel'nogo prostranstva // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija. – 2014. – # 4. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=14464 (data obrashhenija: 28.09.2020).
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Sultanmagomedova L. N., Gimbatova N. D., Kazanbieva M. K.
Medical education during COVID-19
Тhe article says that modern training in medical Universities includes a well-thought-out system
of educational stages that are very interactive and are increasingly conducted by teachers who have mastered their craft. This year, medical education in many institutions has plummeted due to the 2019 coronavirus disease pandemic (COVID-19). In many countries of the world, the least
experienced doctors, medical students, were temporarily excluded from direct patient care. The
pre-clinical research curriculum was moved online with evidence of similar or improved training
compared to previous years. Changes to the medical curriculum are desirable that will allow more attention to be paid to infection control, pandemic modeling, population and public health,
telemedicine, and health equity.
Keywords: рandemic, medicine, education, UNIVERSITY, changes.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Amlaev K.R., Kojchueva S.M., Hripunova A.A., Kuz'mina E.M. Sravnitel'nyj analiz professional'noj motivacii i kar'ernyh ustanovok studentov medicinskih i mnogoprofil'nyh vuzov po dannym anketirovanija // Medicinskoe obrazovanie i professional'noe razvitie. 2019. # 2 (10). S. 34-142.
2. Amlaev K.R., Shikina I.B., Kojchueva S.M., Hripunova A.A. Faktory, vlijajushhie na vybor abiturientom obrazovatel'noj organizacii vysshego medicinskogo obrazovanija // Nauchno-prakticheskij recenziruemyj zhurnal «Sovremennye problemy zdravoohranenija i medicinskoj statistiki». Scientific journal “Current problems of health care and medical
statistics”. 2020 g. # 2. S. 224.
3. Sinek S. «Top-20 citat Sajmona Sineka, raskryvajushhih surovuju pravdu ob uspehe», Goalcast, 29 avgusta 2017 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.goalcast.com/2017/08/29/top-simon-sinekquotes-hard-truths-success/.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Cherkesov S. Kh., Abidov R. R.
Some features of the formation of the idea of the essence of cognitive processes among students who are trained in professional training programs
The article examines the issue of the formation among students studying in professional training programs, the idea of the essence of cognitive processes as the basis of cognitive activity and possible ways of their development. This goal involves solving a number of tasks:
• studying the generalization and systematization of information about the essence of cognitive processes;
• selection and systematization of exercises, practical tasks, situational tasks aimed at the formation and development of cognitive processes.
As a rule, the result of mastering the sections of professional training programs involves the formation of students’ knowledge about mental cognitive processes and their properties, and their further work. The assimilation of the material by the listeners gives them the opportunity to independently use the methods of developing their cognitive qualities in the future within the framework of self-development.
As a methodological basis when working with material for the article psychological principles of a holistic, systematic approach to the analysis of phenomena and processes, the principle of development, the principles of the connection between theory and practice, systematicity and consistency in the presentation of the material were used.
The main task of writing an article is to consider the formation of the idea of the essence of cognitive processes as the basis of cognitive activity and possible ways of their development (training) among students studying in vocational training programs.
Keywords: employee of the internal affairs bodies, professionalism, professional training, professionally important qualities.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abidov R. R. Rabota s odarennymi studentami pri obuchenii pravu // Mir nauki, kul'tury, obrazovanija. -2020. - # 3 (82). - S. 148-149.
2. Korkmazov A. V., Cherkesov S. H. Poluchenie obrazovanija i ego vlijanie na formirovanie lichnostnyh cennostej, obuchajushhihsja // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 3 (130). - S. 377-378.
3. Mashekuasheva M. H. Sovremennye podhody k formirovaniju kommunikativnoj kompetentnosti sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. - 2019. - T. 15. - # 3. - S. 140-141.
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Samvelyan T. G., Popova A. A.
Socio-political situation in assessments of Tyumen students
The article presents the results of monitoring the research “How are you living, Russia?”, conducted in July 2020 by scientists of the Tyumen Industrial University during the 10th stage of the research. The opinions of students of Tyumen universities about the sociopolitical situation are analyzed, the assessments of young people about the political system of Russian society are identified, the attitude towards the activities of the President is determined, and the attitude towards the state’s implementation of the norms of a democratic society is considered
Keywords: state, democratic society, center, political processes, political system
Workbibliographiclist
1. Levashov V. K. Rossija - Tjumen': vektory evrazijskogo razvitija // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Sociologija. Jekonomika. Politika. - 2015. - # 2. -S. 124-126.
2. Hajrullina N. G. Social'no-politicheskaja situacija: regional'nye ocenki // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija. - 2015. - # 1. - S. 1433-1438.
3. Hajrullina N. G. Analiz obshhestvenno-politicheskoj situacii v Tjumenskoj oblasti // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija. - 2015. - # 2. - S. 633.
4. Hajrullina N. G. Ustojchivoe social'no-politicheskoe razvitie tjumenskoj oblasti: dinamika indikatorov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. -2015. - # 4 (83). - S. 194-196
 
LANGUAGE AND LAW
Makaev Kh. F., Makaeva G. Z.
Consideration of differences in semantics and variabilityby translating of some components of multicomponent juridical terms in Russian and English
The article deals with some issues of translation of multicomponent juridical terms from English into Russian. Revealed is that it is necessary to consider the structure of a term, its common meaning, and variability in translating. Proved is that for achieving an adequate
translation of a multicomponent term it is important to take into account semantic differences of their corresponding components in the languages under consideration. This approach ensures conservation of the meaning of the terminological unit.
Key words: term, juridical field, semantics, translation, multicomponent.
Work bibliographic list
1. Lejchik V.M. Terminovedenie: predmet, metody, struktura. Izd. 3-e. M.: LKI, 2007. 256 s.
2. Vasil'eva S.L., Savinceva M.E. Sposoby perevoda mnogokomponentnyh terminov stroitel'noj sfery (na materiale russkogo i anglijskogo jazykov). //Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. # 5(71): v 3-h ch. Ch. 3. C. 68-71.
ISSN 1997-2911. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.gramota.net/materials/2/2017/5-3/19.html
3. Makaev H.F., Makaeva G.Z. Strukturno-semanticheskie osobennosti jeponimnyh terminov obshhej fiziki v anglijskom i russkom jazykah // Kazanskij lingvisticheskij zhurnal. 2020. # 1 (3). S. 17-27. DOI: 10.26907/2658-3321.2020.3.1.17-27.
4. Popescu, F., (2014) “Translating English Mathematical Eponyms into Romanian”, in Translation Studies:Retrospective and Prospective Views, III, 6, 105-109.
5. Anglo-russkie terminy grazhdanskogo i grazhdanskogo processual'nogo prava / Sost. S.D. Os'kina. Omsk, 2003. 350 s.
6. Barhudarov L.S. Jazyk i perevod. Voprosy obshhej i chastnoj teorii perevodov. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 1975. 239 s.
7. Kuleshova V.M.Vvedenie v teoriju i praktiku perevoda nauchno-tehnicheskoj literatury: kurs lekcij. Minsk: BGU, 2001. 59 s.
8. Komissarov V.N.Teorija perevoda (lingvisticheskie aspekty). M.: Vyssh. shk., 1990. 253 s.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Zashchitina E. K., Kochergina T. E.
Prospects for the EduNet market formation in the global economy
Currently, digitalization is penetrating all spheres of human life, changing technologies, economic models, social institutions and social norms. At the same time, few people doubt the fact that the future development of the country and the world lies precisely with digital technologies. Education, which is transforming under the influence of digitalization and other global trends, is no exception, changing forms, technologies and even export mechanisms. The article examines the features of the EduNet market, as well as points of growth and competitiveness, which will help bring Russian educational products to the international market, taking a leading position there.
Keywords: EduNet, distance technologies, export of education services, world economy, world trade.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Akopjan A. A., Usik O. O. Perspektivy kommercializacii praktik i metodov rossijskogo inzhenernogo obrazovanija na mezhdunarodnom urovne s ispol'zovaniem otkrytyh obrazovatel'nyh platform // Problemy razvitija predprijatij: teorija i praktika. – 2019. – # 1-2. – S. 206-210.
2. Bajkova O. V. Organizacionno-jekonomicheskie aspekty adaptacii obrazovatel'noj sistemy Rossii v sootvetstvii s model'ju «Universitet NTI 20.35» // Jekonomika ustojchivogo razvitija. – 2020. –# 1 (41). – S. 9-14.
3. Zashhitina E. K. Vlijanie internacionalizacii vysshego obrazovanija na uvelichenie nesyr'evogo jeksporta strany: dis. … kand. jekon. nauk. – Rostov n/D., 2019. – 233 c.
4. Zashhitina E. K. Cifrovye obrazovatel'nye platformy dlja sovremennogo biznesa // V sbornike II mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prakticheskogo foruma «Rossija, Evropa, Azija: cifrovizacija global'nogo prostranstva». – 2019. – S. 228-231.
5. Kulagin V., Suharevski A., Jurgen M. Digital@Scale:Nastol'naja kniga po cifrovizacii biznesa. – M.:Intellektual'naja Literatura. – 2020. – 293 s.
6. Teterjatnikov K. S., Kamolov S. G., Eliseeva P. V. Internacionalizacija obrazovatel'noj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii // Mezhdunarodnaja jekonomika. – 2020. – # 9. – S. 22-42.
7. Harisova A. Z., Karachurina G. G., Salimgareeva D. S. K voprosu o cifrovizacii v Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020.– # 1 (140). – S. 458-459.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Ibragimov M. T., Magomedova F. K., Dzhamalutdinova R. M.
Economic problems of modern society during the pandemic
In the context of globalization, urbanization, and environmental change, infectious disease outbreaks and epidemics have become global threats that require a collective response. In addition to a significant burden on health systems, COVID-19 has had serious economic consequences for the affected countries. Service industries such as tourism, hospitality, and transportation have suffered significant losses due to reduced travel. The International Air Transport Association predicts a loss of airline revenue. Addressing these challenges requires international collective action and global investment in vaccine development and distribution, as well as prevention measures, including building real-time surveillance capacity and developing contact tracking capabilities at the national and international levels.
Keyword: Pandemic, economic crisis, collective response measures, economic stabilization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kac R., Ventvort M., Kvik Dzh., Arabasadi A., Harris Je., Geddes K. i dr. Rasshirenie gosudarstvenno-chastnogo sotrudnichestva v obespechenii gotovnosti k jepidemijam i otvetnyh mer. Mirovaja politika zdravoohranenija. (2018) 10: 420–5. DOI: 10.1002 / wmh3.281.
2. Nacional'noe bjuro statistiki Kitaja. Indeks menedzherov po snabzheniju za fevral' 2020 goda Nacional'noe statisticheskoe bjuro Kitaja[Press-reliz]. Pekin: Departament statistiki uslug NBS. (2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/PressRelease/202003/t20200302_1729254.html (data obrashhenija: 30.03.2020 g.).
3. Sovet po monitoringu global'noj gotovnosti. Mir v opasnosti: Godovoj otchet o global'noj gotovnosti k chrezvychajnym situacijam v oblasti zdravoohranenija. Zheneva: Vsemirnaja organizacija zdravoohranenija (2019).
4. Jami G., Sheferhoff M., Aars O.K., Blum B., Kjerroll D., Chavla M. i dr. Finansirovanie mezhdunarodnyh kollektivnyh dejstvij po obespecheniju gotovnosti k jepidemijam i pandemijam.Lancet Global Health. (2017) 5: e742–4. DOI: 10.1016/ S2214-109X (17) 30203-6.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Ignatjeva O. N., Tovysheva I. Z.
The relationship between local administration and business entities as the basis of the economic stability of the municipality
The article focuses on the main aspects of the relationship between local authorities and business entities. The author notes that only if the joint activities of the authorities and business entities can improve the quality of life of the population. At the same time, most municipal development
issues depend on the pace of local economic development, the success of the authorities and management in improving its efficiency by improving the working conditions of the economy.
Keywords: local authorities, business entities, quality of life, market relations, resources of economic activity.
Workbibliographiclist
1. FZ «Ob obshhih principah organizacii mestnogo samoupravlenija v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 06.10.2003 g. # 131-FZ (red. 23.05.2020 g.) gl. 8 Jekonomicheskaja osnova mestnogo samoupravlenija //Dostup k tekstu jelektronnogo izdanija vozmozhen cherez «Konsul'tant+». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://base.consultant.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 02.09.2020).
2. Gibezh A.A. Metody regulirovanija vzaimootnoshenij mestnyh organov vlasti i hozjajstvujushhih sub"ektov: Dis. ... kand. jekon. nauk: 08.00.05. – Syktyvkar, 2012. – 194 c.
3. Zhigar' O.V. Municipal'naja jekonomika kak sistema jekonomicheskih otnoshenij // Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2013.– # 9. – S. 79-82.
4. Mel'nik S.A. Rol' i mesto municipalitetov v povyshenii kachestva zhizni naselenija. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://vestnik.kstu.edu.ru/Images/ArticleFile/Mel'nik_Rol'%20i%20mesto.pdf (data obrashhenija: 02.09.2020).
5. Poljanina O.A. Dejatel'nost' organov gorodskogo samoupravlenija Ufimskoj gubernii v 1900 – nachale 1917 gg.: Dis. ... kand. ist. nauk: 07.00.02. – Ufa, 2007. – 258 s.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Gryaznov S. A.
The new data economy
The article considers the actual problem of the influence of information on the development of the economy. We analyze such an economic resource as big data, the concept and features that distinguish them from other products. Examples from foreign practice on the use of data to increase production efficiency are given. The author names the problems that Russia will have to solve in order to become one of the world’s big data storage and processing centers and concludes that there is a huge potential for using data not only for the economy, but also for society as a whole.
Keywords: information, big data, economy, information technology, innovation, value added, industrial revolution.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bagautdinova N. G., Nikulin R. A. Novye konkurentnye preimushhestva v uslovijah cifrovizacii [Tekst]// Innovacii. - 2018. - # 8. - S. 80-83.
2. Dzhabborov D. B. Bol'shie dannye, planovaja jekonomika i gosudarstvo // Voprosy politicheskoj jekonomii.- 2019. - # 4. - S. 96-101.
3. Strategija vyhoda na novye rynki cherez analiz cepochki sozdanija cennosti, O. Jakubenkov, 2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://gopractice.ru/value-chains/ (data obrashhenija: 01.10.2020).
4. Tekst nauchnoj stat'i «Informacija kak novyj faktor proizvodstva» L. M. Aritkulova. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=36794267 (data obrashhenija: 01.10.2020).
5. Big Data’s Economic Impact. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.ced.org/blog/entry/bigdatas-economic-impact (date accessed: 01.10.2020).
6. Open Data Institute. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://theodi.org/article/case-study-the-valueof-sharing-data-to-drive-open-innovation/ (date accessed:01.10.2020).
7. Machin E Learning Ledger Orchestration for Drug Discover Y. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/831472 (date accessed:01.10.2020).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Radyukova Y. Yu., Khudoborodov S. M.,
Sutyagin V. Yu., Cherkashnev R. Yu.
Capital outflow from Russia: causes and effects
The article reviews and provides a detailed analysis of the outflow of capital from the Russian Federation over the past 25 years. The economic and political reasons for capital flight, as well as the impact of the 2008 and 2014-2015 financial crisis to the capital market in the Russian Federation. The main consequences of capital flight for the domestic economy are estimated. The key approaches to the study of the inflow and outflow of capital to Russia are analyzed. The main ways of solving the problem are proposed, as well as the most promising ways of returning the withdrawn capital to the country.
Keywords: finance, financial system, financial market, financial market instruments, capital outflow.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Biznes na 56 trln: 23 glavnyh fakta o krupnejshih kompanijah Rossii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.banki.ru/news/bankpress/?id=8316923.
2. Indeks vosprijatija korrupcii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://transparency.org.ru/research/indeks-vospriyatiya-korruptsii/rossiya-vindekse-vospriyatiya-korruptsii-2018-28-ballov-iz-100-i-138-mesto.html.
3. Kuznecova G. V. Uchastie Rossii v mezhdunarodnom dvizhenii prjamyh investicij // Mezhdunarodnaja torgovlja i torgovaja politika. – 2015. – # 4 (4).
4. Osnovnye prichiny ottoka kapitala iz Rossii.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.sberbank.ru/common/img/uploaded/files/pdf/press_center/ottok_kapitala_iz_rossii.pdf.
5. Rosstat izmeril «nevidimuju» jekonomiku Rossii. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http: rbc.ru/economics/29/08/2019/5d651ed89a79474a0d725030.
6. Chistyj vvoz/vyvoz kapitala chastnym sektorom.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cbr.ru/statistics/.
7. Chistyj vvoz/vyvoz kapitala chastnym sektorom.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cbr.ru/statistics/.
8. Shadow Economies Around the World: What Did We Learn Over the Last 20 Years? – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.imf.org/en/publications/wp/issues/2018/01/25/shadow-economies-around-theworld-
what-did-we-learn-over-the-last-20-years-45583;Emerging from the shadows. The shadow economy to 2025. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.accaglobal.com/content/dam/ACCA_Global/Technical/Future/pi-shadow-economy.pdf.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Tolikova E. E., Koltyshev V. V.
Issues of sustainable customs infrastructure development
The article deals with topical issues of sustainable development of customs infrastructure on the territory of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) member states. Attention is drawn to the fact that the improvement, modernization and efficient use of customs infrastructure facilities are the main tasks of the Federal Customs Service, set out in the Strategy for the Development of the Customs Service of the Russian Federation until 2030. The analysis of the dynamics of the number of temporary storage warehouses, customs warehouses, and free warehouses in the EAEU is carried out, as well as an analysis of data on the average area of temporary storage sites in the context of each EAEU member state for a specific period. It is assumed that a developed system of customs infrastructure and its effective management facilitates foreign economic activity, accelerates customs operations with goods transported across the customs border, and improves the quality of state customs services. The authors come to the conclusion that the sustainable development of customs infrastructure is one of the priority areas for improving the customs service of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: customs infrastructure, customs infrastructure facilities, temporary storage warehouse, customs warehouse, free warehouse, sustainable development, transport and logistics infrastructure.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Tamozhennyj kodeks Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza (prilozhenie # 1 k Dogovoru o Tamozhennom kodekse Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru(data obrashhenija: 06.10.2020).
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 7 maja 2018 goda # 204 «O nacional'nyh celjah i strategicheskih zadachah razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2024 goda» //[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 06.10.2020).
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O tamozhennom regulirovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 03.08.2018 # 289-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 06.10.2020).
4. Antipova L.G., Ksenofontova E.M., Poljakova V.A. Ocenka ob"ektov tamozhennoj infrastruktury. – SPb:Izd-vo SPbGJeU, 2019. – 92 s.
5. Bannyh I.N. Analiz sostojanija, dinamiki i tendencij razvitija tamozhennoj infrastruktury v mestah peremeshhenija tovarov cherez tamozhennuju granicu stran Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza // pod red. Bajerkeeva B.Z., Evrazijskaja jekonomicheskaja komissija, 2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.eurasiancommission.org/ru (data obrashhenija: 08.10.2020).
6. Oficial'nyj sajt Evrazijskoj jekonomicheskoj komissii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.eurasiancommission.org/ (data obrashhenija:07.10.2020).
7. Oficial'nyj sajt FTS Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://customs.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 08.10.2020).
8. Strategija razvitija tamozhennoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii do 2030 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru (data obrashhenija:09.10.2020).
9. «Celi ustojchivogo razvitija v Rossijskoj Federacii, 2019». Kratkij statisticheskij sbornik. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.rosstat.gov.ru/sdg/national (data obrashhenija: 06.10.2020).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Ignatjeva O. N., Yumaguzhina G. R.
Problems of formation of social responsibility among modern youth
The article is devoted to the study of the concept of “social responsibility”. The authors note
that the modern generation cultivates a bet on success and achieving a high professional and social status. It already defines the political, economic and social structures of society. In this regard, the problem of forming social responsibility of young people is becoming more urgent.
Keywords: youth, social responsibility, life concept, freedom of choice, psychological maturity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Beleckaja L.I. Svoboda i otvetstvennost'[Tekst]: Avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata filosofskih nauk.(001) Sarat. gos. un-t im. N.G. Chernyshevskogo. –Saratov: [b. i.], 1972. – 26 s.
2. Kultygin V.P. O psihologicheskih aspektah politicheskoj raboty s molodezh'ju. – M., 1990.
3. Plahotnyj A.F. Svoboda i otvetstvennost'(social'nyj aspekt). – [Tekst]: (Sociol. Aspekt problemy). – Har'kov: Izd-vo Har'k. un-ta, 1972.– 159 s.
4. Sociologicheskij jenciklopedicheskij slovar' / pod obshh. red. G. V. Osipova. – M., 1995.
5. Fokina N.I. K probleme otvetstvennosti lichnosti // Voprosy istoricheskogo materializma i kritika nekotoryh koncepcij burzhuaznoj sociologii. [Tekst]: [Sbornik statej] / Otv. red. doc. Ju.K. Pletnikov; M-vo vyssh. i sred. spec. obrazovanija SSSR. Mosk. gos. un-t im. M. V. Lomonosova. Filosof. fak. – M.: Izd-vo Mosk. Un-ta, 1969. – 396 s.
6. Chermenina A.P. Problema otvetstvennosti v jetike [Tekst]: Avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata filosofskih nauk / Leningr. gos. un-t im. A.A. Zhdanova. – Leningrad: [b. i.], 1965. – 21 s.
7. Juldasheva O.N. Vysshee obrazovanie dlja molodezhi: problemy i perspektivy // Mezhdunarodnaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija «Zhiznennye resursy regiona: social'no-demograficheskie problemy sovremennogo obshhestva» (Aitovskie chtenija). 2015. – S. 409-411. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=25040480.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Pavlov S. O.
Modern methods for assessing the competitiveness of IT companies
The article is devoted to the analysis and assessment of modern methods of analyzing the competitiveness of IT companies. In the course of the study, the categorical essence of the competitiveness of IT companies was determined. It also indicates what it is and
how the scale of the intensity of competition in the IT sphere is determined. Special attention is paid to the key blocks of ensuring stable competitive positions in the market of IT companies, which include: quality characteristics of products, interface convenience, service level, price factors, marketing enterprises. In addition, the article presents a comparative analysis of various methods for assessing competitiveness, highlighting their advantages and disadvantages. Particular emphasis is placed on the expert assessment method.
The results obtained allowed us to come to the conclusion that to assess the competitiveness of IT companies, it is advisable to use an integrated approach, with a combination of various methods and tools, which will provide the most reliable assessment.
Keywords: IT company, competitiveness, market, assessment, analysis method, strategy, position, potential, industry, efficiency, quality, service, price.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Guminskaja Ju. A., Demidenko A. I. Marketingovye roli v IT-kompanii v uslovijah cifrovoj jekonomiki // Nauka XXI veka: aktual'nye napravlenija razvitija. - 2019. - # 1-2. - S. 170-174.
2. Rastopchina Ju. L., Primova A. A., Gorshenkova E. A. Strategii zarubezhnoj jekspansii rossijskih IT-kompanij v uslovijah cifrovizacii jekonomiki // Sovremennaja jekonomika: problemy i reshenija. - 2020.- # 7 (127). - S. 82-95.
3. Samylkina E. N. Sovremennye instrumenty arhitektury predprijatija IT-kompanii // Ogarjov-Online.- 2020. -# 5. - S. 8.
4. Stycjuk R. Ju. Osobennosti marketingovyh kommunikacij kompanij na IT-rynke // Jekonomika i upravlenie v mashinostroenii. - 2020. - # 1. - S. 50-52.
5. Coj D. G. Faktory, vlijajushhie na intensivnost' vnutrifirmennogo predprinimatel'stva v rossijskih IT-kompanijah // Colloquium-journal. - 2019. - # 13-11
(37). - S. 163-164.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Galinurova K. R.
Transformation of organizational management models in the context of a pandemic crisis
The article shows the relevance of qualitative transformation of management models of organizations in the period of the pandemic crisis in 2020 and overcoming its consequences. The main features of modernization of management models of Western companies during the most significant crises of 1920 – 2010 are considered. The main directions of development and improvement of models of management of organizations of the Russian Federation in the conditions of the modern pandemic crisis in terms of transformation of schemes of use of labor potential, financial resources, relations of economic cooperation and integration are reasoned.
Keywords: crisis, pandemic, management model, organization, digital economy, remote employment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Debelak D. Biznes-modeli. Principy sozdanija procvetajushhej organizacii. - M.: Armada, 2018. -456 s.
2. Diksit A., Nejlbaff B. Teorija igr. Iskusstvo strategicheskogo myshlenija v biznese i v zhizni. - M.:Mann, Ivanov i Ferber, 2017. - 464 s.
3. Kas'janov V.S. Upravlenie razvitiem predprijatija na osnove sistemy biznes-modelej // Sovremennye naukoemkie tehnologii. - 2005. - # 1. - S. 121-122.
4. Kratkosrochnye social'no-jekonomicheskie pokazateli Rossijskoj Federacii. - M.: Iz-vo Federal'noj sluzhby gosudarstvennoj statistiki. - 2020. - # 7.
5. Jakimov A.V. Problemy upravlenija kompanijami v uslovijah pandemijnogo krizisa // Vestnik jekonomiki. - 2020. - # 6. - S. 71-73.
6. Abrams R. Entrepreneurship: A Real-World Approach.– Redwood City: Planning Shop, 2018. – 412 p.
7. Alchian A., Demsetz H. Production, information cost and economic organisation. - NY, 1986.
8. Mitchell W.C. Business Cycles. - Wash, 2016. - 228 p.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Bondarenko V. N.
Science in the worldview system (science, mysticism and philosophy)
This article discusses the correlation of science, mysticism and philosophy in the evolving world system, given its philosophical background (everyday-practical, artistic-figurative, mythological and religious worldview), as well as its place and role in the relationship with the previous types of worldview, tendencies of withdrawal of the scientific worldview in the mystical and philosophical outlook.
Keywords: worldview system, science, mysticism, philosophy, scientific worldview, mystical worldview, philosophical worldview.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Maltsev K. G., Alaverdyan A. L.
Modern political philosophy and the “myth of the nation” of K. Hubner
Retention of the concept of a nation as a «carrier substance of the state» and as a «political form of a sovereign people» presupposes a methodologically verified going beyond the boundaries established by scientific rationality - to a radical metaphysical, that is, mythical, concept. The
concept of a nation, proposed by K. Hübner, built in the horizon of a «historical-mythical» approach to identifying the essence of a nation, is analyzed as one of the solutions to the named philosophical problem.
Keywords: nation, sovereign people, mythical rationality, «substance of the state», historical fate.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agamben Dzh. Homo sacer. Suverennaja vlast' i golaja zhizn'. M.: Izdatel'stvo «Evropa», 2011. 256 s.
2. Agamben Dzh. Carstvo i slava. K teologicheskoj genealogii jekonomiki i upravlenija. M.; SPb: Izdatel'stvo Instituta Gajdara; Fakul'tet svobodnyh iskusstv i nauk SPbGU, 2018. 552 s.
3. Al'termatt U. Jetnonacionalizm v Evrope. M.: Izd. centr RGGU, 2000. 366 s.
4. Anderson B. Voobrazhaemye soobshhestva: Razmyshlenija ob istokah i rasprostranenii nacionalizma. M.: Kanon-Press-C; Kuchkovo pole, 2001. 288 s.
5. Ankersmit F.R. Politicheskaja reprezentacija. M.:Izdatel'skij dom Gosudarstvennogo universiteta -Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki, 2012. 288 s.
6. Brubejker R. Jetnichnost' bez grupp. M.: Izdatel'skij dom Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki, 2012. 408 s.
7. Veber M. Obshhnosti / Hozjajstvo i obshhestvo: ocherki ponimajushhej sociologii: V 4 t. T 2. M.: Izd. Dom Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki, 2017. 429 s.
8. Gellner Je. Nacii i nacionalizm. M.: Progress, 1991. 320 s.
9. Mann M. Istochniki social'noj vlasti: [v 4 t.]. T. 2: Stanovlenie klassov i nacij-gosudarstv, 1760-1914 gody. Ch. 1; 2. M.: Delo, 2018. 503 s. + 507 s.
10. Smit Je. Nacionalizm i modernizm: Kriticheskij obzor sovremennyh teorij nacij i nacionalizma. M.: Praksis, 2004. 270 s.
11. Hajdegger M. Razmyshlenija II-VI (Chernye tetradi 1931-1938). M.: Izd-vo Instituta Gajdara, 2016. 584 s.
12. Hjubner K. Nacija: Ot zabvenija k vozrozhdeniju. M.:Kanon +, 2001. 400 s.
13. Shmitt K. Duhovno-istoricheskoe sostojanie sovremennogo parlamentarizma / Politicheskaja teologija. M.: Kanon-Press-C., 2000. S. 155-258.
14. Shmitt K. Politicheskaja teologija / Politicheskaja teologija. M.: Kanon-Press-C., 2000. S. 7-98.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Elkhova O. I., Kudryashev A. F.
Ontological images of contemporary science
This paper examines the main ontological images of contemporary science. The research topic is relevant and important, since the chosen ontological image largely determines the cognitive strategy of scientific research. Ontological images of science exist in a non-singular number and differ from each other, because they depend on the epoch and, consequently, on the state of science in this epoch. In the historical context, the authors distinguish the images of science that developed in its classical, non-classical and postnon-classical periods of development. Contemporary science cannot be identified with the post-non-classical type of science: all three
types coexist in it, although the post-non-classical type is considered not just as one of the three, but as the most promising for modern scientific knowledge. The authors identify an ontological image that corresponds to classical science and designate it as fundamentalist.
In contemporary science, the leading trends in the formation of new ontological images of science have become antifundamentalism, externalism and pluralism
Keywords: ontology, ontological image of science, philosophy of science, being, contemporary science.
Work bibliographic list
1. Budanov V. G., Arshinov V. I., Lepskij V. E., Svirskij Ja. I. Slozhnostnost' i problema edinstva znanija. Vyp. 1: K strategii poznanija slozhnosti.- M., 2018. - 105 s.
2. Kochergin A. N. Osobennosti razvitija sovremennoj nauki // Nauchnyj vestnik MGTU GA. - 2013. - # 191.
3. Kudrjashev A. F., Elhova O. I. Obshhenauchnaja kartina mira: staroe v novom odejanii. // Vestnik Bashkirskogo universiteta. - 2013. - T. 18. - # 4. - S.1255-1259.
4. Mamchur E. A. Obrazy nauki v sovremennoj kul'ture. - M.: Kanon+, 2008. - 400 s.
5. Stepin V. S. Osobennosti nauchnogo poznanija i kriterii tipov nauchnoj racional'nosti // Jepistemologija i filosofija nauki. – 2013. - T. XXXVI.- # 2. - S. 78-91.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Pozdyaeva S. M., Khismatullina G. G.
Cross-cultural communication in a changing sociality
Over the past four decades, in the context of a changed sociality, international and, consequently, cross-cultural contacts have greatly expanded and become more intense. This makes it important to study intercultural communication. The authors consider the stages of intercultural communication, believing that in modern society, within the framework of changing sociality, intercultural communication manifests itself in the ability to read symbolic signs of other cultures, be able to understand and interpret them.
Keywords: cross-cultural communication, reethnization, foreign-cultural social space, stages of
cross-cultural communication, world picture.
Work bibliographic list
1. Pozdjaeva S. M. Social'naja antropologija. Izd. 3, dop.– Ufa: RICBashGU, 2011. – 242 s.
2. Sepir Jedvard. Izbrannye trudy po jazykoznaniju i kul'turologii. – M: Progress, 1993. – 656 s.
3. Ter-Minasova S. Jazyk i mezhkul'turnaja kommunikacija https://www.gumer.info/bibliotek_Buks/Linguist/Ter/_Index.php (data obrashhenija: 30.10.2020).
4. Haksli Oldas. O divnyj, novyj mir. Roman. – M: AST, 2017 – 350 s.
5. Bolten, Jürgen.Einführung in die interkulturelle Wirtschaftskommunikation. – Göttingen:
Vandenhoeck&Ruprecht, 2007.
6. Lüsebrink, Hans-Jürgen. Interkulturelle Kommunikation. J. B. Metzler, Stuttgart © Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, 2016.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Sabekiya R. B.
«Death of the subject» in postmodern educational space:simulacra of the digitalization era
The article is devoted to the study of the problem of preserving subjectivity in education in the era of global digitalization of public life.
The purpose of the article is to analyze the possibility of self-realization of the individual and the preservation of subjectivity in the digitalized educational process. The methodological basis of the research is the postmodern paradigm of education. Based on the theoretical analysis of pedagogical, psychological, and philosophical literature, the author clarifies the content of the concept of “simulacrum”, transferred by the author from the vocabulary of postmodernism to the cultural reality of digital society. The article substantiates the inevitability of the subject’s displacement from the educational process by information and communication technologies and asserts the need to preserve the dialogical educational space, since only in it is possible to form a person as a social being.
Keywords: digitalization of education, postmodernism, simulacrum, dialog educational space, subjectivity in education, ecologization of education.
Work bibliographic list
1. Askarova G. B. Paradigmal'nye osnovanija sovremennogo obrazovanija // Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii. - 2011. - # 1. - S. 137-142.
2. Bodrijjar Zh. Simvolicheskij obmen i smert'. -M.: Dobrosvet, Izdatel'stvo KDU, 2011. - 392 s.
3. 3. Gert V. A. Problema sub"ektnosti v sovremennom obrazovatel'nom uchrezhdenii // Obrazovanie i nauka. - 2011. - # 1 (80). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemasubektnosti-v-sovremennom-obrazovatelnomuchrezhdenii/
viewer (data obrashhenija: 25.09.2020).
4. Emelin V. A. Simuljakry i tehnologii virtualizacii v informacionnom obshhestve // Nacional'nyj psihologicheskij zhurnal. - 2016. - # 3(23). - S. 86-97. DOI: 10.11621/npj.2016.0313.
5. 5. Kohanovskaja I. I., Naumov E. E., Fatyhova A. L. Voprosy upravlenija obrazovaniem v sovremennyh uslovijah // Upravlenie. - 2018. - T. 6. - # 3. - S.11-16.
6. 6. Nagumanova Je. R. Problema uvlechennosti professiej i sindrom vygoranija u pedagogov // Doklady Bashkirskogo universiteta. - 2016. - T. 1. - #3. - S. 616-620.
7. 7. Sirazetdinova M. F., Lukmanova R. Kh., Stoletov A. I. Distance professional training of undergraduate economics students in russia // Pedagogika. - 2019. - T. 135. - # 3. - S. 217-239.
8. 8. Shishov S., Rabadanova R., Artemyeva S., Tonoyan H., Mezhina A. Implementation of interaction principle in teaching pedagogical subjects in university //Espacios. - 2018. - T. 39. - # 21. - S. 30.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Shizhenskiy R. V., Shlyakhov M. Yu.
To the question of the ideological «portrait» of Iron din repesentatives (according to the questionnaire survey of the participants of the Rekom sanctuary festival)
In this article it is considered the features of the ideological «portrait» of modern adherents of the Ossetian pre-Abrahamic religiosity «Iron din» on the basis of a questionnaire survey of the participants of the holiday in the Rekom sanctuary. As a result of the questionnaire, it was possible to determine the importance of religion (faith) in the life of the respondents, the complex of sources that influenced the ideological choice of the Rekom participants, the attitude of the followers of Iron din to non-confessionalism.
Keywords: worldview, source, sanctuary complex, religious portrait, youth, respondents.
Work bibliographic list
1. Velimir, Veleslav, Vlasov. Put' Volhva. - Doneck:Kashtan, 2007. - 1228 s.
2. Volhv Veleslav. Osnovy rodnoverija. Obrjadnik. Kologod. - M.: Izdanie «Velesova Kruga», 2010. - 242 s.
3. Dobroslav. Cypljonki tozhe hochut zhit'! B. m., b. g.- 140 s.
4. Zhukolina M. V. Patriotizm i nacionalizm v ideologii slavjanskogo neojazychestva // Gosudarstvo, obshhestvo, cerkov' v istorii Rossii HH-XXI vekov. -Ivanovo: Ivanovskaja gosudarstvennaja medicinskaja akademija ministerstva zdravoohranenija Rossijskoj Federacii», 2015. - 739 s.
5. Ivankina M. A. Russkoe neojazychestvo kak sociokul'turnyj fenomen // Istorija, jazyki i kul'tury slavjanskih narodov: ot istokov k grjadushhemu. - Praga:NIC SOCIOSFERA, 2012. - # 42. - S. 53-59.
6. Kto my est' i chto my delaem // SSO SRV. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.rodnovery.ru/dokumenty/kto-my-est-i-chto-my-delaem (data obrashhenija: 12.10.2020).
7. Shizhenskij R. V., Shljahov M. Ju. Social'nyj portret uchastnikov prazdnika svjatilishha Rekom (po dannym anketnogo oprosa) // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 11 (138).
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Chudina-Shmidt N. V., Kovsh S. V.
The extreme subject as an agent and contractor of the cyber crime
The article examines the subject of extreme as a person prone to extreme positions in views, ideas, positions and actions. This article is aimed at considering two positions of the extreme subject in the information space, since being at the positions of the minimum and maximum of the social system, he also occupies extreme positions in the information space, thereby becoming either an agent or a counterparty to a crime in the information space.
Keywords: extreme, extreme, attribute, concept, society.
Work bibliographic list
1. Butkevich S. A. Informirovanie obshhestvennosti ob aktah terrorizma kak metod kriminologicheskoj prevencii // Vestnik Dal'nevostochnogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2018. - #1 (42). - S. 112-118.
2. Butkevich S. A. Jekstremizm i terrorizm v kiberprostranstve: vyjavlenie, nejtralizacija i preduprezhdenie // Vestnik Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2018. - # 1 (39). - S. 17-22.
3. Zhuravlenko N. I., Konopleva A. A. Osmyslenie javlenija informacionnoj vojny // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2016. - S. 302-304.
4. Kommunikacija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://gtmarket.ru/concepts/7132 (data obrashhenija: 03.10.2020).
5. Konopleva A. A. Protivostojanie gibridnym tehnologijam posredstvom kul'tury v uslovijah sushhestvovanija ugrozy nacional'noj bezopasnosti//V sbornike: obespechenie obshhestvennoj bezopasnosti i protivodejstvie prestupnosti: zadachi, problemy i perspektivy. Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2018. -S. 235-239.
6. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka / pod. red. D. N. Ushakova. - T. 1. - S. 1447.
7. Filosofskij slovar'. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.harc.ru/slovar/20.html (data obrashhenija: 03.10.2020).
8. Chudina N. V. Homo extremality - chelovek XXI veka// Uchenye zapiski Tavricheskogo nacional'nogo universiteta imeni V. I. Vernadskogo. Serija:Filosofija. Kul'turologija. Politologija. Sociologija. - 2014. - T. 27. - # 1-2 (66). - S. 99-104.
9. Chudina N. V. Sub"ekt konsolidirovannogo jekstrima kak agent razvitija sovremennogo obshhestva// V sbornike: Aktual'nye problemy prava i pravoprimenitel'noj dejatel'nosti na sovremennom jetape. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii; pod obshhej redakciej V. A. Sosova. Krasnodarskij universitet MVD
Rossii, Novorossijskij filial Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii, OOO «Izdatel'skij Dom - Jug», 2014. - S. 576-580.
10. Chudina-Shmidt N. V. Faktory jekstremal'nogo povedenija lichnosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2016. - # 7 (98). - S. 347-349.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Yashin A. N.
Axiological aspect of justice in the philosophy of Russian justice of the 9th-19th centuries
The author explores in the historical-philosophical and philosophical-legal context the phenomenon of justice as one of the axiological aspects in the philosophy of Russian justice, emphasizes the relevance of the idea of justice in our days when assessing the modern essence of domestic justice, its role in establishing the idea of the rule of law, social harmony and increasing legal culture of the individual.
Keywords: law, state, society, justice, truth, justice, faith, conscience, value.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev N. N. Russkij narod i gosudarstvo. - M.:Agraf, 1998. - 520 s.
2. Dostoevskij F. M. Sobranie sochinenij: V 4-h t. - M.:Poligrafresursy, 1999. - T. 2. - 800 s.
3. Ivanov V. V. O jazyke drevnego slavjanskogo prava (k analizu neskol'kih kljuchevyh terminov) / Pod red. V. I. Borkovskogo // Slavjanskoe jazykoznanie. VIII Mezhdunarodnyj s"ezd slavistov, Zagreb–Ljubljana, sent. 1978 g.: doklady sovetskoj delegacii. - M.: Nauka, 1978.- 468 s.
4. Il'in I. A. Sobr. soch.: V 10 t. T. 6, kn. 2 [O Rossii; Russkie pisateli. Literatura. Teatr. Muzyka; Hudozhnik i hudozhestvennost'; O russkoj kul'ture]. - M.: Russkaja kniga, 1996. - 672 s.
5. Kant I. Primechanie k «Nabljudenijam nad chuvstvom prekrasnogo i vozvyshennogo» / I. Kant Sochinenija: V 6 t. - M.: Mysl', 1964. - T. 2. - 304 s.
6. Mel'nik V. V. Iskusstvo dokazyvanija v sostjazatel'nom ugolovnom processe. - M.: Delo, 2000. - 496 s.
7. Novgorodcev P. I. O svoeobraznyh jelementah russkoj filosofii prava // Novgorodcev P. I. Sochinenija. -M.: Raritet, 1995. - S. 367–387.
8. Platon. Sobranie sochinenij: V 4 t. - M.: Mysl',1993.- T. 2. - 513 s.
9. Stepanov Ju. S. Pravda i Istina // Ju. S. Stepanov. Konstanty: Slovar' russkoj kul'tury:Izd. 3-e, ispr. i dop. - M.: Akad. proekt, 2004. - 992 s.
10. Ciceron. O starosti. O druzhbe. Ob objazannostjah. -M.: Nauka, 1975. - 247 s.
11. Janov A. L. Rossija protiv Rossii. Ocherki istorii russkogo nacionalizma. 1825–1921. -Novosibirsk: Sibirskij hronograf, 1999. - 384 s.
12. Jashin A. N. Filosofija russkogo pravosudija: genezis i jevoljucija idej (IX – XIX vv.): Dis. … dokt. filos. nauk. - Murmansk, 2019. - 403 s.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Vasiljeva E. N.
The possibilities of art on the way to transformation
The article defines how art contributes to the social construction of values, serves the cause of human knowledge and development.
It is established that the aesthetic sensitivity awakened by art sharpens the moral consciousness and contributes to the struggle for justice for human and civil rights for the construction of the rule of law.
Art contributes to human well-being, which in turn has a moral significance. But it also can protest against injustice and to contribute to the development of basic constitutional principles. It is revealed that through the development of their creative abilities, people can overcome circumstances and contribute not only to their own well-being, but also to the development of society and its institutions.
Keywords: art, law, aesthetics, society.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dacishina M. V. Sozdanie social'no priemlemogo obraza totalitarizma. Opyt nacistskoj Germanii // Vestnik RGGU. Serija: Politologija. Istorija. Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija. - 2012. - # 19(99).- S. 160-170.
2. Klimova O. M. Hudozhestvennaja kartina mira kak kategorija kul'turologii // Kul'tura i civilizacija. - 2018. - T. 8. - # 4A. - S. 49-56.
3. Sedyh Je. V. Raskin i Morris: problemy jestetiki // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Jazyk i literatura. - 2007. - # 4-I. - S. 33-42.
4. Usacheva O. I. Hudozhestvennye muzei i vystavki na sluzhbe ideologii Tret'ego rejha // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo instituta kul'tury. - 2012. - # 3. - S. 134-138.
5. On Art & Faith by Nicholas Wolterstorff & Marcia McFee Publication date 2009-11-20.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Vinogradova N. V. Gallyamova A. R.
Project activities of technical university students in the study of social and humanitarian disciplines
The article deals with the problem of organizing project activities of technical university students in the study of social and humanitarian disciplines. The authors pay attention to the specifics of social and humanitarian knowledge and its role in the training of a highly qualified specialist and the formation of a harmoniously developed personality with competencies that meet the requirements of the 21st century.
The main strategies, technologies, and methods of project-based learning are described.
Keywords: education, creative thinking, project training, design and training laboratories, Flipped learning strategy, agile method.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Kolonickaja O.L. Gumanitarnaja sostavljajushhaja tehnicheskogo obrazovanija v XXI veke// Izvestija Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A.I. Gercena. - 2007. - # 37. - T. 14. - S. 263-269.
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PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Avdonin A. N.
On the foundations of social foresight. Part 1 (Alternative-attractor approach to the war of 1941-1945 and modernity)
The article alternative-attractor analysis predictions Fedotov about the initial period of war with Germany, the USSR and its grounds;provided that sufficient justification; the identified need for social foresight to posnania; research of the current global situation, its results and the structure of social foresight.
Keywords: pre-alternative and post-alternative periods of foresight, pre-and post-knowledge, practical activity of dominant groups, structure of foresight.
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html (data obrashhenija 05.10.2019).
4. Pek M. Fakt: sverhderzhavoj Rossiju sdelala nacistskaja Germanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://inosmi.ru/social/20171219/241039307.html (data obrashhenija 24.10.2019).
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International scientific and practical law journal
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Eurasian Law Journal

International scientific and practical
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