CONTENT OF NUMBER
AND SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES

EURASIAN LAW JOURNAL №6(157)2021

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PERSONA GRATA
E.N. Yamalova:
Trends of democratic processes in the post-Soviet space
Interview with Elvira Nailevna Yamalova, Ph.D. in political science, professor of Ethics, cultural studies and public relations sub-faculty of the Bashkir State University
 
EURASIAN GEOPOLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW
Farkhutdinov I.Z.
“Russian trace” in morocco. el Maghreb: the far west of the Arab east in the context of Eurasian geopolitics
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Аfanasjev E.G.
Non-refoulement principle’s validity during the COVID-19
Kagramanov A.K.
Criteria for the legitimacy of secession in the exercise of the right to self-determination
Abdullaev N.N.
Legal aspects of EU-Azerbaijan relations
Korobeev A.I., Maltsev A.A., Sissoko Mouctar
Nullum crimen sine lege? Criminalization of terrorism in the practice of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon: 10 years later
Korenukhina A.A.
The right of States to forcibly remove persons from their territory:the principle of «non-refoulement» in international law
Mikhalev D.O.
Integration of the Russian Federation into the European system of human rights protection
 
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
Bakhnovsky A.V.
The principle of proper fulfillment of obligations in International economic relations: setting priorities in protecting the interests of the state, population and private capital
Markina A.A.
The role and reasons for proliferation of regional trade agreements in international trade law
 
EUROPEAN LAW
Mitreykin A.N.
Normative legal regulation of EU transition to hydrogen fuel in terms of economic de-carbonization in EU and Germany hydrogen strategies
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Simatova E.L.
Expression of the conflict-of-laws principle of the closest connection in smart contracts
Luc Thi Ly
Suspension, termination and termination of commercial contracts in accordance with the legislation of Vietnam
 
LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Villalobos G. S. S.
The problem of the administrative contract in Latin America
Tran T.T.D.
Judicial intervention and assistance in franchise arbitration under Vietnamese law
Yusupova K.Sh.
Analysis of the problem of the retroactive force of the criminal law in the legislation of the states of the Romano-German legal system
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Boytsova A.Yu., Krasovskaya N.S.
Features of the legal protection of indigenous minorities of the Russian Federation (example of the Krasnoyarsk Territory)
Gayvoronskaya Ya.V., Dyakonova A.V.
Legal interpretation policy of Russia in the context of digitalization
Kramarenko V.O.
Civil law codification of the Russian Federation and Germany in the second half of 19th century
Lang P.P.
The value and existence of the principles of law
Lipen N.S.
The legal nature of acts containing explanations of legislation and having normative properties in decisions of the Court of Intellectual Property
Nikitin A.A.
Specificity of the legal discretion of the abuser
Yunusov A.A., Yunusov S.A., Egorova O.O.
Synergetics as a natural social value in the institute of human rights and freedoms
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Abdykayumov A.S., Mayakunov A.E.
Genghis Khan’s Yassa as Basis for the Mongol Empire’s Rule of Law
Evseeva O.V.
Execution of penalties not related to deprival of freedom by the police in the Russian Empire (19th – 20th centuries)
Novikova O.I., Nekrasov A.I.
On the question of the political and legal views of the Slavophiles
Stepanova A.A., Khafizov E.D.
Emigrant associations of employees of the judicial bodies of Imperial Russia in the post-revolutionary abroad
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Abazov A.B., Fayrushin T.A.
The Constitution of the Russian Federation of 2020 as a guarantor of the national security of the Russian Federation
Abdulaeva G.O., Pirbudagova D.Sh.
Civil society institutions: concept and interaction with the state
Kuznetsov S.A.
The concept of the state language and its role in the formation of society and the state
Mizhareva N.V.
On the question of the place and role of peer review in the municipal law-making process
Fomicheva O.A., Husainov Z.F.
The federalism as a principle in the Russian Federation law-making process
Shvets L.V.
The modern transformation of the electoral process of the Russian Federation
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Anufrikov A. A.
“Mass events” – genesis, history, and modernity municipal law
Belova O.A.
Interaction of the internal affairs and the MFC in the provision of state and municipal services
Gibadullin R.S., Tokmakov M.A.
Subsidiary liability of members of management bodies in case of administrative exclusion of an organization from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities
Gutieva I.G.
The procedure for the application of an administrative fine as a type of administrative punishment
Malaev A.H.
On the question of the main signs of administrative offenses
Mamleeva D. R., Zheleznyak A. A.
The institute of administrative punishment in the activities of the district police commissioner
Pavlov N. V., Kazahetsyan G. O., Balashov E. M.
Actual problems of administrative proceedings in the Russian Federation
Rothko M. A., Britan S. A., Pavlov N. V.
Features of the application of administrative penalties to legal entities
Chernov Yu. I., Demirova A. V., Andreev A. A.
Informatization of administrative proceedings as a vector of the Russian judicial law development
Khamizova S. A.
Procedure for bringing drivers to responsibility for driving under the influence of alcohol
Malaev A. H.
On the problem of identifying grounds for initiating cases of administrative offenses
Shaposhnikov S. G.
Administrative supervision of persons released from places of deprivation of liberty as an institution of administrative law
Danilova D. A., Skachkova O. S.
Challenging of cadastral valuation of real estate:procedure and feature
Tats D. M.
Practice of introducing innovative technologies and new products into banking activities
Shpak A. A.
Problems of legal regulation of educational activities in the Russian Federation
Shchetkova D. D.
Some issues of countering the smuggling of strategically important goods and resources
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Kodzokov B. V., Fedina L. M.
The legal aspect of the expert evaluation of the execution of the state (municipal) contract
Kurdyuk P. M., Arhireeva A. S.,
Pastuhov M. M., Popenko M. S.
The concept and essence of multi-day voting (municipal legal aspect)
Grudnov D. V.
Methodology for evaluating the efficiency of management of the land and property complex of a municipality
 
ENTREPRENEURIAL LAW
Zubkov V. N., Guseva I. I.
Features of the methodology of the planned risk-based audit by the regional control and supervisory authority in the field of construction
 
CIVIL LAW
Ananjeva E. O., Ivliev P. V.
On the issue of acquiring rights to ownerless things under the legislation of Russia
Bashirina E. N., Firsova N. V.,
Gilyazova A. I., Abramova S. R.
Refusal of the designated heir from the inheritance:questions of theory and practice
Vlasov V. A., Selivanov D. A., Tolstikov V. A.
Property rights of spouses: some topical issues of theory and practice
Dambaeva I. V.
Digital rights as an object of civil rights
Deltsova N. V., Orlova D. A.
On the question of the characteristics of the gift contract
Rychagova O. E., Fesenko E. A.
On the issue of protecting the legitimate interests of members of horticultural non-profit partnerships
Telibekova I. M.
The relationship of the content of the insurance service and insured event
Ibragimova D. T., Gaibatova K. D.
Problems of determining the amount of compensation for non-pecuniary damage to the life and health of a citizen
Kurbatova G. V., Bondarenko I. V.
Civil law regulation of the bankruptcy procedure of individuals: legal features and prospects of development
Mikhaylova V. I., Shapovalova D. S.
On the issue of the problems of the ensuring mechanism for the implementation of the rights of subjects in the process of insolvency (bankruptcy) (on the example of the institute of an insolvency practitioner)
Telibekova I. M.
Insurance interest in ensuring the subjective civil rights of participants in insurance relations
Tkacheva M. A.
Violated legitimate interest as the basis for the application of civil law coercion
Shahaeva A. M., Pardaeva Z. S.
Penalty as a method of securing the performance of credit obligations
Farafontova D. S.
The mechanism for limiting parental rights in the legislation of the Russian Federation
Bagamaev G. T., Magomedova A. G.
Late reporting of an occupational accident
 
LABOUR LAW
Kot M. K.
Head of corporate organization as subject of labor law: problems of inter-industry regulation
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Polyakov G. Yu.
The issues of guarantees in the financing of the oil and gas industry projects of the Russian Federation
Safina T. A.
Relevance and significance of the study of the processes of transformation and digitalization of the economy in the modern world
Tsoy V. R.
Taxation of items qualified as luxury: differentiation from related legal institutions
 
BUDGET LAW
Sergeev S. A.
The budgetary process and the formation of the state budget in Russia before the 1917 revolution
 
TAX LAW
Dreval L. N., Polyakova S. A.
On the performance of tax duties by foreign citizens in the Russian Federation: some aspects
Ponomarev O. V., De A. E., Karimova Yu. I.
Problematic aspects of bringing to responsibility for committing tax offenses
Izvekov S. S.
Collection of tax debts under clause 2 of Article 45 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation in circumvention of the Bankruptcy Law
Kolycheva D. V., Kurlyshev A. O., Ponomarev O. V.
On the question of the effectiveness of raising the personal income tax rate to 15 % on income exceeding 5 million rubles for the tax period
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Beschastnova O. V., Maksimova E. V.,
Chelyabova Z. M., Gogoleva V. V.
Violence in crimes against public health and public morals
Gazizov T. I.
Actual problems in documenting a crime under Article 173 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Gutieva I. G.
Some problems of combating crime at the present stage
Janaliev M. E.
Object, functions and limits of prosecutor’s supervision in the Kyrgyz Republic in the field of protection rights and interests of minors
Ilidzhev A. A.
The role of certain criminal laws in determining the essence of preparation for a crime
Kodzokova L. A., Kumysheva M. K.
Problems of qualification of some types of theft
Kopylova L. Ya.
On the voluntary nature of the work of persons sentenced to imprisonment
Magomedov D. M., Radghabov Sh. R.
Problems in the fight against illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances
Mazhinsky R. A., Mazhinskaya N. G.
Some criminal-legal and technical problems of detecting thefts of car-sharing vehicles
Omarova D. М., Esenbulatova E. Kh.
Legal status of persons connected to restriction of freedom
Paliy V. V., Ragulina A. V.
Involvement in a crime: the limits of imputation in complicity
Novikova Yu. G., Koshelyuk B. E.
Current issues in criminal proceedings in respect of minors
Tatyanchenko L. E., Shvachkin I. E.
Problems of using evaluation categories in the construction of certain elements of crimes: necessity or excess?
Tlupova A. V., Karchaeva K. A.
Counteraction to crimes of extremist orientation at the present stage
Urusov Z. Kh.
Methods and means of combating organized crime in COVID-19 conditions
Eremeev A. B.
Methodological support for the investigation of tax crimes committed by the self-employed
Imamova E. M.
Features of qualification of theft from an oil pipeline, gas pipeline, oil product pipeline
Kidyaev D. N.
Improving the methods of managerial influence on terrorist crimes
Litvinov R. V.
Some problems of juvenile criminal justice
Litra E. N.
On the issue of criminal law protection of the right of common land ownership to land plots from agricultural land
Batyrova N. R.
Signs of the objective part of the crime under art. 125 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Magomedov Sh. M.
Ways to improve the criminal law counteraction to corruption
Veselov V. V.
Problems of qualification of crimes against property related to theft, theft and fraud
Polyakov A. S.
Crime of women and the use of punishment in the form of imprisonment on the example of the Rostov region
Yashubova A. A.
Grounds for bringing minors to criminal liability
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Amutinov S. I., Yusupov M. Yu.
On the question of the functions of the prosecutor in criminal proceedings
Akhmedkhanova S.T. Bayramova N.R.
Classification of motives of criminal behavior
Gilyazutdinov R. K., Jafarova A. A.
Some problem aspects of protection of the rights and legitimate interests of participants of criminal proceedings
Baryshnikov R. V.
Creating the necessary conditions for the application of deferred sentence serving (paragraph 8 of Article 299 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation) and deferred execution of the sentence (paragraph 4 of part 1 of Article 398 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation)
Kobleva M. M., Agabalaeva F. F.
Topical issues related to the participation of legal representatives and defenders (lawyers) of minors in criminal proceedings
Logachev K. K.
Procedural and tactical features of the interrogation of a victim in cases of violation of traffic rules and operation of vehicles
Lifanova L. G., Gauzhaeva V. A.
Procedural and tactical bases of obtaining evidence in pre-trial proceedings
Senchenko S. K., Senchenko N. V.
The judicial interrogation of prosecution witness by an attorney: regulation and practice of law
Sinkevich V.V., Domovets
Theoretical and practical analysis of the interpretation of the norms governing the grounds to institute criminal proceedings
Smolina M. M., Strelnikov K. N.
Interaction of the body of inquiry with the investigator in the investigation of crimes committed
by the organized criminal group
Tokareva E. V., Chasovnikova O. G., Vasiljev D. V.
Criminal procedural and criminalistic features of preparation and production of interrogation of minors
Tutynin I. B.
View on certain other measures of criminal procedural coercion
Fayrushina R. D.
Analysis of problems of reduced form of inquiry based on materials of territorial body of internal affairs
Bui Cong Phu
The right to keep silence of the accused, defendant in criminal procedure of the Russian Federation and Vietnam
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Stepenko A. V.
Some look at the term fix in the criminal executive legislation of the Russian Federation
 
FORENSIC EXPERT ACTIVITY
Permyakov M. V., Morozova E. V., Khodasevich O. N.
Problems of effectiveness of the principles of judicial proceedings in the arbitration process

CRIMINALISTICS
Lonshchakova A. R.
System mechanisms for countering the use of cryptocurrencies and electronic funds payment in the field of illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their analogues
Semenenko G. M., Pshenichkin A. A., Kiktev A. V.
On the problems of disclosure and investigation of theft of someone else’s property committed using information and telecommunication technologies
Toropov S. A., Rudik M. V.
On the issue of criminalistic characteristics of criminal acts committed by organized criminal groups in the field of sales of motor vehicles
Shamurzaev T. T., Ardashev R. G.
Prompt disclosure of serial murders as an indicator of professionalism
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Verkhozina O. A., Zarubaeva E. Yu.
Motives of criminal behavior, their role and significance in the individualization of criminal responsibility
Gusengadzhiev R. A.
Factors determining corruption-related crime in the field of education
Didenko K. V., Drobotova N. A.
Crimes against sexual inviolability and sexual freedom of the person and their prevention
Dolgushina L. V., Stupina S. A.
Organized crime in the field of legalization (laundering) of money or other property acquired by a person as a result of committing a crime or acquired by other persons through criminal means: current state and development trends
Donskaya O. G., Alekseev D. V.
Formation of the personality of a minor criminal
Lovtsevich S. E., Shastina A. R.
On the issue of legal regulation of the sale of confiscated property
Stupina S. A.
Illegal arms trafficking: figures and realities
Tolgurova Z. H., Kushkhov R. Kh.
Criminological characteristics of juvenile delinquency
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Daminov A. A., Tolstikhin A. N.
Problems of the practice of using firearms by employees of internal affairs bodies
Kodzokova L. A., Kumysheva M. K.
Priority areas for combating certain types of crime in the Russian Federation
Murtazin A. I., Nikolaev N. Yu.
Features of the use of weapons by police officers in an extreme situation
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Buraeva L. A.,Dadova Z. I., Voyloshnikov O. D.
On the current problems of countering the spread of radical ideas and extremist ideology in the global information space
Guseynov A. A., Zhuravlev A. S.
Consideration of dangerous places when developing reserve routes of the protected person in the implementation of the personal protection security measures
Zhumabekova T. A., Kurmanalieva А. A.
Development of the institution of advocacy as a measure to combat threats to the national security of the Kyrgyz Republic
Klimovskiy A. S., Yuzvak S. A.
Some problematic aspects of anti-terrorist security of objects
Kurashinova A. Kh.
Formation of anti-extremist consciousness as a direction of prevention of youth extremism
Davydov N. M., Semiglazov A. G.
Actual problems related to the consideration of materials of pre-investigation checks on the facts of receipt of citizens ‘statements about the threat to their life and health
Tsyganok A. I.
Prevention and Counteraction to Youth Extremism on the Example of the Republic of Bashkortostan
Mazur D. I.
Analysis of the regulatory framework regulating the Russian oil and gas industry in the context of legal globalization and the post-coronavirus crisis
 
STATE AND LAW
Drobyshevsky S. A., Krasovskaya N. S., Kotova E. V.
Problems of regional legal regulation of the protection of the dignity of the indigenous peoples of the Russian Federation (using the example of the Krasnoyarsk Kray)
Kuznetsova E. V.
The history of the creation of the movement “Our home – Russia” (NDR)
Pakhalova A. A.
Legal regulation of the operation of the Northern Sea Route
Safin F. G., Abramova S. R.,
Muslimova L. F., Abramov I. R.
Social stratification of the population in a multi-ethnic region (on the example of the Republic of Bashkortostan)
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Derikot T. E., Cheremisina E. V.
Distance learning as a form of organizing the educational process: advantages and disadvantages
Skobeleva O. O., Dvoreckaya E. A.
Professional training of prison staff in foreign countries
 
PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW
Matveev A. E.
Infantilism as a social and psychological phenomenon of a modern personalit
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Khaliulina A. I.
Social adaptation of young people in a market economy (according to the ethnosociological survey in Bashkortostan)
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Altukhov A. V., Buynevich A. V., Kashkin S. Yu.
Platforms, economics, law and biotechnology
Vasiljeva Yu. P., Nemkova M. A.
Poverty problem in OPEC member countries
Gordienko V. V.
Effective anti-corruption policy is the basis of economic security
Grigoryan V. S., Davydova G. V.
Hard-to-recover oil reserves in Russia as a factor of economic security of the oil and gas industry
and the country
Durnovo-Saulep M. V., Suetin S. N.
Financial institutions in Russia
Korodyuk I. S., Rybinskaya E. T., Bergen D. N.
Thermal energy of the Irkutsk region and its negative impact on the environment
Sabiryanova R. G., Bikmetova Z. M.,
Galimullina N. A., Samigullina A. F.
Methods of assessing competitiveness in order to ensure the economic security of the enterprise
Tolikova E. E., Fomichev I. S., Gvozdev M. D.
The role of customs audit in the development of transport logistics and customs infrastructure
Fomina E. A., Khodkovskaya Yu. V., Akhmetov E. A.
Stakeholder model in the context of strategic management of nature-intensive business
Tolikova E. E., Chernyavskaya E. V.
New approaches in customs administration to foreign economic activity under restrictive measures
Vityazeva A. A.
The green bond market in Russia: current state and prospects of development
Grigoryan V. S., Davydova G. V.
Import dependence of the oil and gas industry on foreign technologies as a threat to the economic security of the industry and the country
Garipova G. R., Usmanov R. R.
Formation of the territory image (on the example of the Republic of Bashkortostan)
Khodkovskaya Yu. V., Fomina E. A.,
Lavrentjeva K. D., Sultanova E. I.
Social welfare in the stakeholder model
Chizhov S. A., Suyts V. P.
Information management capabilities and Big Data implementation strategy
Tompazos Christos, Suetin S. N.
International banking and international banks in Russia
Resnyanskaya E. A.
Strategy for the implementation of key performance indicators (KPI) in the field of international logistics and customs clearance
Novikov I. A.
Technology as a driver of economic growth in the context of the fourth industrial revolution and the Covid-2019
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Barinova S. G., Barinova S. G.
Religious symbols of Christianity
Bondarenko O. V., Chuksina V. V.
The specifics of the subject’s design and constructive activity in the information approach to the cognition of reality
Galimov B. S., Lukyanov A. V., Shergeng N. A.
Transcendental dialectic in the light of the idea of forming a mosaic philosophy
Valiakhmetov T. R., Imamova R. M., Mazhitov I. M.
Features of the ontological truth of man in European and Arab-Muslim philosophy
Mukhtyarova N. Kh.
Modern Russian civil society: conditions of formation in philosophical discourse
Potemkin S. V.
Major trends in the understanding of the term “Sobornost” by leading orthodox theologians of the 20th century
Saberova M. S., Osyanin A. N., Sobornov A. V.
Correlation of national and international in modern Russian science
Salikhov G. G., Rasskazov L. D.
Mental warfare in the face of globalization:a philosophical analysis of the crisis processes 0f society
Saberova M. S., Osyanin A. N.
Russian philosophy on the national identity of Russian science
Bondarenko O. V., Martynenko A. I.
Thought experiment as a meta-procedure of theoretical and cognitive activity in modern natural science
Minakоv I. Р.
Sociocultural memory: the essence, specificity and mechanisms of translation
 
OUR CELEBRATER
Allalyev R. M., Panchenko V. Yu.,
Frolova N. A., Chechelnitskiy Yu. V.
On the significance of the conclusions of professor A. I. Ekimov in the professional training of law students: on the anniversary of doctor of law, professor, Honored lawyer of the Russian Federation Anisim Ivanovich Ekimov
 
INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS
EURASIAN GEOPOLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW
Farkhutdinov I.Z.
“Russian trace” in morocco. el Maghreb: the far west of the Arab east in the context of Eurasian geopolitics
Morocco in the twentieth century became one of the centers of Russian emigration outside Europe. All three migration waves from Russia left their noticeable mark in this country: post-revolutionary, post-war and gender, which began in the 1960s. The article tells about the history of the formation of the Russian community in Morocco, about the specific life stories of immigrants from Russia. This material of the author, who lived for a total of one and a half years in the Kingdom of Morocco, is a continuation of his scientific and practical research.
Keywords: “El-Maghrib”, Mauritania, consista, reconsista, Berbers (Amzigi), Andalusia, Granada Emirate, “African Countess”.
Work bibliographic list
1. Insur Farhutdinov. Marokko – strategicheskij jekonomicheskij partner Rossii (mezhdunarodno-pravovye osnovy sotrudnichestva) // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2019. # 8.
2. Insur Farhutdinov. Sovremennye politicheskie processy v stranah Magriba v kontekste evrazijskoj geopolitiki. Vzgljad iz Korolevstva Marokko na nastojashhee i budushhee Severnoj Afriki // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2019. # 3.
3. Kak dvorjane Rossijskoj Imperii okazalis' v Marokko? Istorija afrikanskoj grafini. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://pulse.mail.ru/article/kak-dvoryane-rossijskoj-imperiiokazalis-v-marokko-istoriya-afrikanskoj-grafini-6146079988012085207-8591032924176670544/
4. Musatova T. L. Rossija-Marokko: dalekoe i blizkoe proshloe. M., 1990.
5. Piren Anri. Imperija Karla Velikogo i Arabskij halifat. 2011.
6. Rossija - Marokko 1999 – Rossija - Marokko: istorija svjazej dvuh stran v dokumentah i materialah (1777-1916). M., 1999.
7. Suhov N. Istorija russkoj jemigracii v Marokko v HH veke. Diss. kandidata istoricheskih nauk. Institut Afriki RAN. M., 2014.
8. Suhov N. Istorija russkoj jemigracii v Marokko v HH veke. M., 2019.
9. Suhov N.V. Istorija gumanitarnyh svjazej i mezhkul'turnogo vzaimodejstvija Marokko i Rossii v HH – nachale HHI vv., 2014,
10. Suhova E.E., Suhov N.V. Biograficheskij slovar'-spravochnik russkoj jemigracii v Marokko v HH v. Institut vostokovedenija RAN. M., 2019.
11. Ahmed Ibn Mohammed al-Makkari. The history of Mohammedan dynasties in Spain. London. 1840-1843. Thietmar. 2003.
12. O’Callaghan, J. F. A History of Medieval Spain. Ithaca:Cornell University Press, 1983.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Аfanasjev E.G.
Non-refoulement principle’s validity during the COVID-19
In the article, the author try to answer the question: «Under what conditions a repatriation of an asylum-seeker, suffering from coronavirus, to the country of origin is legal?». The author came to the conclusion that the refoulement’s decision towards an asylumseeker suffering from coronavirus should be adapted case by case. However, the sending state is bound to carry out a preliminary investigation, assess the present situation, and prove the lack of the serious, rapid, and irreversible decline in his state of health regarding expulsion. With respect to the investigation, the following criteria should be considered primary infection or reinfection, a course of the disease, a pathogens level, a specific coronavirus strain, and others specified by the author because they directly affect the risk.
Keywords: non-refoulement, human rights, COVID-19, asylum-seeker, refoulement, state of health, ECHR.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bethlehem D., Lauterpacht E. The Scope and Content of the Principle of Non-Refoulement (Opinion). [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: https://www.refworld.org/docid/3b3702b15.html (accessed: 24.05.2021).
2. Chetail V. // International Migration Law. – 2019. – 449 p.
3. Costello C., Foster M. Non-refoulement as custom and jus cogens? Putting the prohibition to the test. // Netherlands Yearbook of International Law. – 2015. – P. 273-327.
4. Court of Human Rights. [Electronic resource]. -Access mode: https://www.unhcr.org/publications/legal/3ead2e584/unhcr-manual-refugee-protectionechr-part-4-selected-case-law-european.html (accessed:23.05.2021).
5. Handbook on European law relating to asylum, borders and immigration. – 2020. – 361 p.
6. Kremnyov P. A Universally Recognized Principle of General International Law in Russian Legal System. //Moscow State University Journal. – 2018. - # 6. – P. 19-33.
7. UNHCR Manual on Refugee Protection and the ECHR- Part 4: Selected case law of the European Court of Human Rights. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode:https://www.unhcr.org/publications/legal/3ead2e584/unhcr-manual-refugee-protection-echr-part-4-selectedcase-law-european.html (accessed: 23.05.2021).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Kagramanov A.K.
Criteria for the legitimacy of secession in the exercise of the right to self-determination
This article deals with the most acute form of self-determination - secession - on the basis of domestic and foreign doctrine of international law. Secession has not been a recent phenomenon for decades, as is often erroneously stated in literature. The whole history of modern civilization is a continuous process of formation, development and complete or partial disintegration of States, subject to certain objective regularities. Secession has steadily increased throughout the second half of the 19th century and throughout the 20th century, but most State constitutions avoid the question of under what conditions and in what order the processes can be carried out.
The purpose of the article is to attempt to assemble a typology of factors influencing the choice of secession form of self-determination.
In the author’s work, such constituents of secession as irredentism and enosis, as well as the influence of separatist factors on centrifugal tendencies in the state, are examined in detail. In this connection, the author concludes that the concepts of secession and separatism are different in order and relate as intention, purpose (separatism) and one of its forms, without prejudice to other forms of territorial or national implementation Cultural autonomy, etc. The author’s conclusions concerning the impact of globalization and human rights on secession tendencies are interesting, resulting in a violation of the sovereignty of States and, consequently, its territorial integrity. The author has examined in detail the work of Russian and foreign scholars, as well as the most important sources of international law dealing with this problem.
Keywords: international law, principles of international law, right to self-determination, territorial integrity, inviolability of borders, human rights, separatism, irredentism, federalism, unitary State, national minorities, indigenous peoples, conflict resolution, forms of government.
Work bibliographic list
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3. Rezoljucija Soveta Evropy # 1832, prinjatyj 4 oktjabrja 2011 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.coe.int/T/r/Parliamentary_Assembly/%5BRussian_documents%5D/%5B2011%5D
/%5BOct2011%5D/Res1832_rus.asp. (data obrashhenija:13.04.2021).
4. Aksenenok A. Samoopredelenie: mezhdu pravom i politikoj // Rossija v global'noj politike. 2006. # 5. S. 16.
5. Gorovic D. Razrushennye osnovy prava secessii //«Vlast'». 2013. # 11. S. 189.
6. Guljakov A.D. Pravo na samoopredelenie v slozhno-sostavnom gosudarstve v uslovijah globalizacii (na primere Kryma, Katalonii i Shotlandii) // «Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij». Povolzhskij region. Obshhestvennye nauki. 2017. # 4 (44). S.5-19.
7. David Je. Principy prava vooruzhennyh konfliktov. M., 2000.
8. Klishas A.A. Separatizm vne prava // Vestnik RUDN. Serija: Juridicheskie nauki. 2019. T. 23. # 1. S. 22.
9. Koshkin A.P., Cherdancev V.V. pravo na samoopredelenie v politicheskih kollizijah sovremennosti: Krym i Kosovo // Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i sociologii. M., 2016. # 2. S. 23
10. Lubskij A.V. Konfliktogennye faktory na juge Rossii: metodologija issledovanija i social'nye realii. Rostov n/D, 2005.
11. Mammadov I.M., Musaev T.F. Armjano-azerbajdzhanskij konflikt: istorija, pravo, posrednichestvo. Tula, 2006.
12. Narochnickaja E.A. Mnogoobraznyj separatizm:problema tipologii i evropejskie real'nosti// Aktual'nye problemy Evropy. 2015. # 1. S. 32-55. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rucont.ru/efd/474385.
13. Nurullin R.M. Ponjatie secessii v politicheskoj nauke // Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Gumanitarnye nauki. Tom 152. Kn.1. S. 212-213.
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32. Wellman C.H. Theory of Secession. The Case for Political Self-Determination. Cambridge, 2005. P. 182-183.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Abdullaev N.N.
Legal aspects of EU-Azerbaijan relations
The article examines the history of the development of relations between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the European Union. The 1996 Partnership and Cooperation Agreement is analyzed as the main legal basis for Azerbaijan’s interaction with the EU and its member states. In addition, the article examines Azerbaijan’s relations with the EU within the framework of the Neighborhood Policy and the Eastern Partnership. The author also touches upon the issue of preparing a new Strategic Partnership Agreement between the EU and Azerbaijan.
Keywords: EU, Azerbaijan, International law, strategic partnership, South Caucasus.
Work bibliographic list
1. Mehdiev Je. D. Geostrategicheskie interesy NATO v Azerbajdzhane // Nauchno-analiticheskij zhurnal Obozrevatel' - Observer. - 2009. - # 7 (234). - S. 94-108.
2. Mehdiev Je. D., Guliev I. A. ponjatie «mjagkoj sily» kak instrumenta global'nyh politicheskih tehnologij // Juvenis Scientia. - 2016. - # 3. - S. 49-52.
3. Karapetyan M. E., Pronina I. V., Timoshenko L. P., Prusakova D. A. Ethical dilemma in an investment banking// Innovation & Investment. - 2020. - # 5. - S. 161-164.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Korobeev A.I., Maltsev A.A., Sissoko Mouctar
Nullum crimen sine lege? Criminalization of terrorism in the practice of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon: 10 years later
This article is enlightened by the analysis of the problems of the application of legal custom in criminal law on the example of the criminalization of terrorism in the practice of the special tribunal for Lebanon. It is known that in international acts there is no clear definition of the concept of “terrorism” and the concept of “international terrorism” is not enshrined. In this connection, we have established that a broad and very loose interpretation of law is inherent not only in the special tribunal for Lebanon, but in the activities of other courts.
Therefore, the vicious practice of an expansive interpretation of an international custom is carried over from one international tribunal to another. The way out of this situation should be considered the inadmissibility of the application of the jurisprudence of one tribunal in the activities of others. Therefore, the application of the norms of international law, as well as international custom as evidence of the existence of the relevant norm, should not run counter to the interests of justice, the main task of which is not only to impose a punishment corresponding to the nature and degree of social danger of the act committed, but also, above all, to correctly classify the crime.
Keywords: terrorism, international tribunal, international law, interpretation, judicial institutions, international custom, Lebanon, judgment.
Work bibliographic list
1. The Prosecutor v. Ayyash et al. Interlocutory Decision on the Applicable Law: Terrorism, Conspiracy, Homicide, Perpetration, Cumulative Charging. Case No.: STL-11-01/1.
2. Bakker, E. Terrorism and counterterrorism studies: comparing theory and practice. – Leiden University Press, 2015.
3. Terrorism and international law: accountability, remedies, and reform: a report of the IBA Task Force on Terrorism. – Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2011.
4. Schmid A., Jongman, A. Political Terrorism. – New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1988.
5. Weinberg L., Pedahzur A., & Hirsch-Hoefler S. The Challenges of Conceptualizing Terrorism. Terrorism and Political Violence. – 16 (4). – 2004. – Rp. 777-794.
6. Schmid A. (Ed.). Handbook of Terrorism Research. – London, Routledge, 2011. – Rr.86-87.
7. Dynamic Interpretation in lnternational Crishinal Law, Striking a Balance Between Stability and Change. – Grabert, A. Auflage 2015. – Rr. 164-166.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Korenukhina A.A.
The right of States to forcibly remove persons from their territory:the principle of «non-refoulement» in international law
The purpose of the study, carried out as part of a scientific article, was to study the norms of international law on the subject of the right of states to apply measures of forced expulsion of foreign persons and stateless persons. The article examines the main international documents regulating the provisions regarding the expulsion of foreigners and stateless persons. On the basis of international acts, the author reveals the features of the principle of non-refoulement, and in what cases states may deviate from its implementation. Shown are vivid examples of the application of this principle in the practice of the European Court of Human Rights and also the reflection of the norms of international law in the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: expulsion, removal, the principle of «non-refoulement», migrants, refugees.
Work bibliographic list
1. Amel'chakov I. F., Kataeva O.V. Vysylka inostrannogo grazhdanina kak ogranichenie ego prava na svobodu peredvizhenija i kak sposob obespechenija nacional'noj bezopasnosti // Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. – 2019. – # 3. – S. 138-159.
2. Kovalev A. A. Mezhdunarodnaja zashhita prav cheloveka. – M.: Statut, 2013. – 589, [1] s.
3. Konnov V. A. Pravovye pozicii evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka v otnoshenii otdel'nyh aspektov vysylki (deportacii) migrantov // V sbornike: Osushhestvlenie gosudarstvennoj funkcii po kontrolju (nadzoru) za prebyvaniem i prozhivaniem inostrannyh grazhdan i lic bez grazhdanstva v Rossijskoj Federacii i trudovoj dejatel'nost'ju inostrannyh rabotnikov. Sbornik nauchnyh statej uchastnikov mezhvedomstvennogo kruglogo stola. –2019. – S. 50-54.
4. Konnov V. A., Simonova A. E., Peskovaja Ju. V. Pravovye pozicii Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka po zhalobam na narushenija v otdel'nyh sferah dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii // Uchebnoe posobie. – Moskovskij universitet Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii im. V. Ja. Kikotja.
5. Ktistakis Ja. Zashhita prav migrantov v sootvetstvii s normami Evropejskoj konvencii o pravah cheloveka i evropejskoj social'noj hartii // Posobie dlja praktikujushhih juristov. – Izdatel'stvo Soveta Evropy.
6. Stepkin E. Ju. Sootnoshenie norm konstitucionnogo prava Rossii i mezhdunarodnogo prava pri obespechenii lichnyh prav cheloveka i grazhdanina:avtoreferat dis. ... kandidata juridicheskih nauk:12.00.02 / Akad. upr. MVD RF. – M., 2004. – 25 s.
7. Jastrebova A. Ju. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye mehanizmy regulirovanija migracii: doktrinal'nye podhody i opyt Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoreferat dis. ... doktora juridicheskih nauk: 12.00.10. [Mesto zashhity: Diplomat. akad. MID RF]. – M., 2017. – 56 s.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Mikhalev D.O.
Integration of the Russian Federation into the European system of human rights protection
The article examines the process of harmonization of Russian legislation and European standards in the field of human rights protection within the context of the Russian Federation’s accession to the Council of Europe. The article examines the legislation that underwent the greatest changes in the 1990s, analyzes the main claims of the Council of Europe to the Russian legal system, as well as the measures taken by the Russian Government to join the European organization that specializes in the protection of human rights.
Keywords: Russia, Council of Europe, protection of human rights, democratization of legislation, the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Konstitucija Rossijskoj Sovetskoj Federativnoj Socialisticheskoj Respubliki» ot 12 aprelja 1978g. // Sistematicheskoe sobranie dejstvujushhego zakonodatel'stva RSFSR. Tom 21. Dopolnenie pervoe k razdelam I, II, III (po sostojaniju zakonodatel'stva na 1 janvarja 1981 g.) / Ministerstvo justicii RSFSR. –M.: Izdatel'stvo «Sovetskaja Rossija», 1982.
2. Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj zakon «Ob Upolnomochennom po pravam cheloveka v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 26.02.1997 # 125 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 1997. – # 9. – St. 1011.
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O svobode sovesti i o religioznyh ob"edinenijah» ot 26.09.1997 # 125 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii.– 1997. – # 39. – St. 4465.
4. Rasporjazhenie Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii «O pervoocherednyh meroprijatijah, svjazannyh s vstupleniem Rossijskoj Federacii v Sovet Evropy» ot 13.02.1996 # 66 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 1996. – # 8. – St. 743.
5. Avramenko A. V. Vmesto vvedenija. Kak Rossija vstupala v Sovet Evropy. Iz istorii prisoedinenija Rossijskoj Federacii k Sovetu Evropy // S. A. Glotov, Rossija i Sovet Evropy: 20 let vmeste na zashhite prav cheloveka. – M.: Mezhdunarodnyj juridicheskij institut, 2017. – S. 6-42.
6. Bajdavletova L. M. Vstuplenie Rossii v Sovet Evropy – vazhnyj shag v istorii pravovoj sistemy strany // Novoe slovo v nauke i praktike: gipotezy i aprobacija rezul'tatov issledovanij. – 2014. – #11. – S. 174-179.
7. Gorshkova S. A. Standarty Soveta Evropy po pravam cheloveka i rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo. Monografija. – M.: NIMP, 2001.
8. Zhadan V. N. Uchastie Rossii v dejatel'nosti mezhdunarodnyh organizacij // Tavricheskij nauchnyj obozrevatel'. – 2016. – # 3 (8). – S. 88-94.
9. Istorija uchastija Rossijskoj Federacii v Sovete Evropy // Postojannoe predstavitel'stvo Rossijskoj Federacii pri Sovete Evropy. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://coe.mid.ru/istoria-ucastia-rossii-v-sovete-evropy (data obrashhenija: 01.05.2020).
10. Itogi vsenarodnogo golosovanija po proektu Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii 12 dekabrja 1993 goda // Central'naja izbiratel'naja komissija Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://cikrf.ru/banners/vib_arhiv/referendum/1993_ref_itogi.html (data obrashhenija:01.05.2020).
11. Kirsanova K. A. Rossija i Sovet Evropy: 20 let vmeste // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. –2016. – # 2 (63). – S. 21-32.
12. Mchedlova E. M. Sovet Evropy i Rossija: osnovy vzaimodejstvija // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 12: politicheskie nauki. 2008. – # 1. – S. 89-93.
13. Rossija i Sovet Evropy: istorija, sovremennost' i perspektivy vzaimodejstvija pravovyh sistem /Baryshnikov P. S., Bekin A. V., Shugrina E. S. i dr. Pod red. P. S. Baryshnikova. – M.: Prospekt, 2016.
14. Spravka o rezul'tatah golosovanija po voprosu: Federal'nyj zakon o prisoedinenii RF k Ustavu Soveta Evropy // Gosudarstvennaja Duma Federal'nogo sobranija Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://vote.duma.gov.ru/vote/26685 (data obrashhenija: 01.05.2020).
15. Hronologija istorii ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // Federal'naja sluzhba ispolnenija nakazanij. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://fsin.rf/history/chronology/index.php (data obrashhenija: 01.05.2020).
 
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
Bakhnovsky A.V.
The principle of proper fulfillment of obligations in International economic relations: setting priorities in protecting the interests of the state, population and private capital
The article examines the problem of proper execution of contractual conditions by participants in international economic relations, including those endowed with social obligations. The author proposes to consider the issues of finding a balance of interests in the fulfillment of obligations in cases where the status of participants in international economic relations can be recognized as equivalent (representatives of private capital), as well as if it is necessary to protect the population of the state territory by refusing to strictly adhere to previously accepted obligations due to a significant change in circumstances.
As an independent aspect of the study, the author proposes to study the judicial practice of resolving the contradictions of the subjects of international economic relations within the framework of the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods in relation to the actions of counterparties in strict accordance with the provisions of Art. 38 and 39 of the Convention and the fulfillment of obligations in good faith «within a reasonable time». On the example of the US judicial practice, the issue of the mutual «defect of fulfillment» of obligations for the supply of goods was considered, which led to significant losses for all parties to the agreement.
At the end of the study, the conclusions obtained on the basis of the analysis are presented.
Keywords: international law, economics, foreign capital, proper fulfillment of obligations, principle, investment, legal proceedings, protection of human rights.
Work bibliographic list
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2. Delo Delo Methanex Corp. v. United States of America (Methanex v. United States) Howard Mann. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ita.law.uvic.ca/alphabetical_list_respondant.htm (data obrashhenija:22.03.2021).
3. Aaron James, ―How to Defend Sweatshop Labor: Fairness in the Global Economy, Work in Progress(November 2010) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://webfiles.uci.edu/ajjames/Sweatshops.doc(data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
4. Camilla Baasch Andersen. Reasonable time in article 39(1) of the CISG - Is Article 39(1) Truly a Uniform Provision? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cisg/biblio/andersen.html (data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
5. Case Graves Import Co. Ltd. and Italian Trading Company v. Chilewich International Corp. United States September 22, 1994 U.S. District Ct. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu/cases/940922u1.html (data obrashhenija:22.03.2021).
6. Changes to foreign investmentregulation in Australia. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.nortonrosefulbright.com/-/media/files/nrf/nrfweb/imported/changes-to-foreign-investment-regulationin-australia-april-2016.pdf?la=en&revision=61c8a396-
9cb8-4968-b8d1-e4dd80acce4a (data obrashhenija:22.03.2021).
7. Douglas A. Irwin, Free Trade Under Fire (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2009).
8. Germany, VIII ZR 287/98, November 3, 1999. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://germanlawarchive.iuscomp.org/?p=192 (data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
9. International Centre fo settlement of Investment Disputes.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://icsid.worldbank.org/ICSID/FrontServlet?requestType= CasesRH&actionVal=showDoc&docId=DC770_En&caseId=C67(data obrashhenija: 02.04.2020).
10. Poland - 1-Openness to and Restriction on Foreign Investment. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.export.gov/article?id=Poland-Opennessto-Foreign-Investment (data obrashhenija: 1.02.2018).
11. Rudiger Dornbusch, ―The Case for Trade Liberalization in Developing Countries,‖ The Journal of EconomicPerspectives 6, no. 1 (Winter 1992): 69-85. 79.
12. T. J. Stevenson & Co., Inc. v. 81,193 Bags of Flour, 651 F.2d 779 (5th Cir. 1981) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://casetext.com/case/t-j-stevensonco-v-81193-bags-of-flour (data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
 
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
Markina A.A.
The role and reasons for proliferation of regional trade agreements in international trade law
This article examines the reasons for the quantitative and qualitative growth of regional trade agreements around the world. The World Trade Organization, established in 1995, has not proved to be the most convenient tool for further liberalization of international trade due to its limitations in the form of decision-making by consensus and polar interests of the participating States. Regional trade agreements have proved to be a more convenient and effective model for regional liberalization, sometimes going further in legal regulation than provided for at the WTO level. At the same time, such selective liberalization has turned out to be a very convenient political tool in the hands of big states with a large internal market, because participation in regional trade agreements is conditioned for the States by the need to make some political concessions.
Keywords: regional trade agreement, WTO law, free trade agreement, EAEU.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ispolinov A.S. VTO i regional'nye torgovye soglashenija ili chto nam delat' s VTO i EAJeS.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://zakon.ru/blog/2015/11/2/vto_i_regionalnye_torgovye_soglasheniya_ili_chto_nam_delat_s_vto_i_eaes (data obrashhenija: 25.05.2021).
2. Mezhdunarodnoe jekonomicheskoe pravo: uchebnoe posobie / kollektiv avtorov; pod red. A.N. Vylegzhanina. – M.: KNORUS, 2012. – 272 s.
3. Bhagwati J. US Trade Policy: The Infatuation with FTAs. April 1995. Discussion Paper Series No. 726.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://academiccommons.columbia.edu/doi/10.7916/D8CN7BFM (data obrashhenija: 25.05.2021).
4. Cho S. Defragmenting World Trade // Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business. 2006. Vol. 27. Iss. 1. P. 39-88.
5. Leal-Arcas R. Proliferation of Regional Trade Agreements: Complementing or Supplanting
Multilateralism? // Chicago Journal of International Law. 2011. Vol. 11. No. 2. P. 597-629.
6. Lee S.L., Park K.S, Seo Y. Multinational Firm’s Production Decisions under Overlapping Free Trade Agreements: Rule of Origin Requirements and Environmental Regulation // Sustainability. 2016. Vol. 9. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/312250411_Multinational_Firm’s_Production_Decisions_under_Overlapping_Free_Trade_Agreements_Rule_of_Origin_Requirements_and_Environmental_Regulation(data obrashhenija: 25.05.2021).
7. Pauwelyn J. Legal Avenues to “Multilateralizing Regionalism”: Beyond article XXIV. September 2007. Paper presented at the Conference on Multilateralising Regionalism. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/region_e/con_sep07_e/pauwelyn_e.pdf (data obrashhenija:25.05.2021).
8. Powell S.J., Low T. Is the WTO Quietly Fading Away?: The New Regionalism and Global Trade Rules //Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy. 2011. Vol.9. P. 261-282.
 
EUROPEAN LAW
Mitreykin A.N.
Normative legal regulation of EU transition to hydrogen fuel in terms of economic de-carbonization in EU and Germany hydrogen strategies
The article is devoted to a comparative study of European Union and Germany regulation measures for energy and hydrogen transition presented in EU Hydrogen Strategy for a Climate-Neutral Europe and the Germany National Hydrogen Strategy to achieve their goals and ambitions of de-carbonizing economics of EU member states. EU and Germany regulatory aspects of hydrogen transition in light of economics de-carbonization are shown, the conclusions about their similarities and differences are made.
Keywords: Hydrogen, de-carbonization, European Union, Germany, hydrogen strategy, hydrogen regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vodorodnaja strategija dlja klimaticheski nejtral'noj Evropy. Soobshhenie Komissii Evropejskomu parlamentu i Sovetu, Evropejskomu jekonomicheskomu i social'nomu komitetu, Komitetu regionov. Brjussel', 8.7.2020 COM (2020) 301 final. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/hydrogen_strategy.pdf (data obrashhenija: 18.03.2021).
2. Direktiva (ES) 2018/2001 Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta ot 11 dekabrja 2018 o stimulirovanii ispol'zovanija jenergii iz vozobnovljaemyh istochnikov (novaja redakcija). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32018L2001&from=EN(data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
3. Direktiva (ES) 2019/1161 Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta ot 20 ijunja 2019, dopolnjajushhaja Direktivu 2009/33/EC o stimulirovanii jekologicheski chistogo i jenergeticheski jeffektivnogo avtomobil'nogo transporta. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/2019/1161/oj (data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
4. Direktiva 1999/62/ES Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta ot 17 ijunja 1999 o vzimanii sborov s gruzovogo avtotransporta za ispol'zovanie opredelennoj infrastruktury. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:31999L0062&from=EN (data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
5. Direktiva 2003/87/ES Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta ot 13 oktjabrja 2003 g. ob uchrezhdenii shemy torgovli kvotami na vybrosy parnikovyh gazov v Soobshhestve i o vnesenii izmenenij i dopolnenij v Direktivu 96/61/ES Soveta ES. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/ legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32003L0087(data obrashhenija: 23.03.2021).
6. Direktiva 2014/94/ES Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta ot 22 oktjabrja 2014 o razvertyvanii infrastruktury dlja al'ternativnyh vidov topliva. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32014L0094 (data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
7. Direktiva Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta ot 13.07.2009 # 2009/73/ES ob obshhih pravilah vnutrennego rynka prirodnogo gaza i otmenjajushhaja Direktivu (ES) Directive 2003/55/EC. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32009L0073(data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
8. Nacional'naja vodorodnaja strategija Germanii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.bmbf.de/files/bmwi_Nationale%20 Wasserstoffstrategie_Eng_s01.pdf (data obrashhenija:22.03.2021).
9. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 12.10.2020 g. # 2634-r. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://government.ru/docs/all/130498/ (data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
10. Reglament (ES) # 1315/2013 Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta ot 11 dekabrja 2013 on Union guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network and repealing Decision No 661/2010/EU. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32013R1315 (data obrashhenija:22.03.2021).
11. Reglament (ES) # 347/2013 Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta ot 17.04.2013 o rukovodstve dlja trans"evropejskoj jenergeticheskoj infrastruktury, otmenjajushhij Reshenie # 1364/2006/EC i dopolnjajushhij Reglamenty (ES) # 713/2009, (EC) #714/2009
and (EC) # 715/2009. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32013R0347 (data obrashhenija:22.03.2021).
12. Reglament Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta ot 13.07.2009 # 715/2009 ob uslovijah prisoedinenija k gazotransportnym setjam i otmenjajushhij Reglament (ES) # 1775/2005. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:211:0036:0054:en:PDF(data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
13. Soobshhenie Evropejskoj komissii «Evropejskij zelenyj kurs». Brjussel', 11.12.2019. COM (2019) 640 final. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/?qid=1576150542719&uri=COM%3A2019%3A640%3AFIN(data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
14. Soobshhenie Komissii Evropejskomu parlamentu i Sovetu, Evropejskomu jekonomicheskomu i social'nomu komitetu, Komitetu regionov o Strategii Evropejskogo sojuza po snizheniju vybrosov metana. Brjussel', 14.10.2020 COM(2020) 663 final. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/default/files/eu_methane_strategy.pdf(data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
15. Strategija ustojchivoj i umnoj mobil'nosti – napravlenie evropejskogo transporta na put' budushhego. Soobshhenie Komissii Evropejskomu parlamentu i Sovetu, Evropejskomu jekonomicheskomu i social'nomu komitetu, Komitetu regionov. Brjussel', 9.12.2020 COM(2020) 789 final. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52020DC0789 (data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
16. Uglerodnyj gambit. KPMG, 24.11.2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mustread.kpmg.ru/articles/ekologiya/uglerodnyy-gambit/ (data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).

INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Simatova E.L.
Expression of the conflict-of-laws principle of the closest connection in smart contracts
The cross-border nature of legal relations arising from the conclusion and execution of a smart contract inevitably creates the problem of determining the applicable law. However, traditional methods of conflict-of-laws regulation are not always applicable to them, and the use of fundamental principles of international law, such as the autonomy of the will of the parties and the closest connection, raises many questions. In this study, the author studied the possibility of applying the principle of the closest connection in relation to smart contracts and made appropriate conclusions about the likely criteria for determining it.
Keywords: principles of private international law, the closest connection, international commercial contracts, smart contract.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' tret'ja)» ot 26.11.2001 # 146-FZ (red. ot 18.03.2019)// «Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF», 03.12.2001, N 49, st. 4552.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 30.09.2013 # 260-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v chast' tret'ju Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // «Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF», 07.10.2013, # 40 (chast' III), st. 5030.
3. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 09.07.2019 # 24 «O primenenii norm mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo prava sudami Rossijskoj Federacii» // «Rossijskaja gazeta», # 154, 17.07.2019.
4. Reglament # 593/2008 Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta Evropejskogo Sojuza «O prave, podlezhashhem primeneniju k dogovornym objazatel'stvam («Rim I»)» [rus., angl.] (Prinjat v g. Strasburge 17.06.2008) //SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
5. Andrijanov D. V. Primenenie smart-kontraktov i blokchejn-platform v transgranichnyh neftegazovyh sdelkah: obostrenie kollizionnoj problemy //Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2020. #6 (115). S. 84-94.
6. Ahrimenko M. A. Koncepcija gibkogo podhoda k opredeleniju prava, podlezhashhego primeneniju k dogovoram, v sovremennom kollizionnom prave gosudarstv Zapadnoj Evropy i SShA: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2006.
7. Kuz'menkov M. Ju. Kollizionnoe regulirovanie oborota cifrovyh prav // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2021. # 3 (124). S.152-159.
8. Lomakina E.N., Petrov A.D., Glinshhikova T.V. Princip naibolee tesnoj svjazi v mezhdunarodnom chastnom prave // Bjulleten' nauki i praktiki. 2020. #6 (2). S. 268-272.
9. Mazhorina, M.V. Cifrovye platformy i mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo, ili est' li budushhee u kiber-prava? // Lex Russica. 2019. # 2. S.110.
10. Novikova T.V. Klassifikacija podhodov k raskrytiju soderzhanija principa naibolee tesnoj svjazi// Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Pravo. 2020. # 4 (43). S. 306-316.
11. Simatova E.L. Principy kollizionnogo regulirovanija mezhdunarodnyh kommercheskih dogovorov v sovremennom prave // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2020. # 7. S. 82-85.
12. Sobolev I.D. Osnovopolagajushhie nachala i principy mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo prava// Vestnik Universiteta imeni O.E. Kutafina (MGJuA). 2015. # 2.S. 47.
13. Shahnazarov B. A. Pravo i informacionnye tehnologii v sovremennyh uslovijah globalizacii // Lex Russica. 2021. # 1 (170). S. 118-134.
14. Shulakov A.A. Sovremennye podhody k raskrytiju soderzhanija principa naibolee tesnoj svjazi v mezhdunarodnom chastnom prave // Lex Russica. 2018. # 1 (134). S. 103-114.
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Luc Thi Ly
Suspension, termination and termination of commercial contracts in accordance with the legislation of Vietnam
Vietnam is a country with a developing economy, so commercial transactions are very important in the development of the country.
However, the breach of contract is very common, so the suspension, stoppage of performance, or cancellation of the contract happens very often and creates many conflicts. The article will analyze the sanctions introduced to solve the breach of commercial contracts in Vietnam. At the same time analyze how to apply, and the cases of application. The article will also point out the legal consequences, rights, and obligations of the parties when suspending, stoppage, or canceling the contract in accordance with Vietnamese law.
Keywords: commercial law, vietnamese law, breach of contract, law of contract, termination of contract performance, contract cancellation, compensation for damage, commercial sanctions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskoe pravo V'etnama 2015.
2. Do Van Daj. (2013). Mery po bor'be s neispolneniem kontraktov v v'etnamskom zakonodatel'stve (peresmotrennoe i dopolnennoe izdanie), Nacional'noe politicheskoe izdatel'stvo.
3. Do Van Daj. (2014). V'etnamskoe dogovornoe pravo- sudebnye reshenija i kommentarii, tom 2. Nacional'noe politicheskoe izdatel'stvo.
4. Duong An' Son. (2016). Zakon o mezhdunarodnyh kommercheskih kontraktah, Izdatel'stvo Nacional'nogo Universiteta, Hoshimin.
5. Zakona o torgovle V'etnama 2005 goda.
6. Luk Thi Li. Vlijanie pandemii Covid-19 na vopros o kompensacii ushherba, prichinennogo narushenijami mezhdunarodnyh kommercheskih dogovorov, Trudy issledovatel'skih tehnologij vozdejstvija pandemii koronavirusa (RTCOV 2020), 2020.
7. Fam Duj Ngia. (2004). Monografija po jekonomicheskomu pravu (dlja aspirantov), Izdatel'stvo Hanojskogo nacional'nogo universiteta.
 
LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Villalobos G. S. S.
The problem of the administrative contract in Latin America
This article objectively places the Administrative Contract in Latin America as an important entity in the development of any State to obtain economic and social results that raise the level of any society. Cuban researchers and professors, for more than 5 decades, have mostly forgotten to refer to it. Countries such as Brazil and Nicaragua continue their research and reflect their subjects in their legal systems, making them very strong in updated arguments due to this positive experience in its scope, for Latin America,.
Keywords: Administrative contract, entities, parties, Cuba, Brazil, Nicaragua.
Work bibliographic list
1. Brasil, Ley n ° 14.133, de 1 de abril de 2021, Ley de licitaciones y contratos administrativos.
2. Cuba, decreto-ley no. 304 “de la contratación económica”, del 2012.
3. Nicaragua, ley 737, de contrataciones administrativas del sector público.
4. Brasil: Hoja ilustrativa muy moderna, sobre lo más importante de ELANBiz en Contratación Pública en Brasil. Disponible en: https://www.elanbiz.org/documents/20182/56028/Compras+p%C3%BAblicas+en+Brasil/816e918a-b35b-4840bb1f88acf4028075#:~:text=Los%20instrumentos%20legales%20b%C3%A1sicos%20sobre, (Decreto%205450%2F2005).
5. Justen Filho, Marçal. (2010). “Comentários à Lei de Licitações e Contratos Administrativos”. 14ª Ed, Editora Dialética, p. 743. 2010.
6. Licitações e Contratos - 4ª edição | Portal TCU. Disponible en: Portal Digital al servicio de los ciudadanos. https://portal.tcu.gov.br/biblioteca-digital/licitacoes-econtratos- 4-edicao.htm.
7. Lopes Meirelles, Hely. (2011). “Direito Administrativo Brasileiro”. 38.ª ed., Malheiros Editores, p. 224. 2011.
8. Matilla Correa, Andry, “Consideraciones mínimas sobre el contrato administrativo y el derecho administrative cubano, pág. 211.
9. Matilla Correa, Andry, “Los primeros pasos de la ciencia del Derecho Administrativo en Cuba”. En el tópico Apuntes biográficos sobre José María Morilla, de Cuba, editorial de España, 2011.
10. Ramos Júnior, Hélio Santiago. (2006). Eficiencia administrative y gobierno electrónico en Brasil: el control de la Administración Pública por el ciudadano brasileño. Disponible en: http://www.angelfire.com/falcon/hsramos/HSRAMOS36JAIIOSID07.pdf.
11. Tarcila REIS y Eduardo JORDÃO1 : (2006). “Informe Nacional de BRASIL”. UNIDAD Y DISPERSIÓN DEL RÉGIMEN CONTRACTUAL Brasil: En este sentido, el REsp nº 737.741 - RJ (2005/0037056-6), juzgado por el STJ en 2006.
12. Villalobos González, Salvador Santiago. “Memorias:1ra Conferencia Internacional del Contrato Administrativo”, celebrada desde Moscú los días 11 y 12 de septiembre del 2020. Disponible en: Internet, con ISBN-13: 978-620-3-03744-9, ISBN-10: 6203037443, EAN:9786203037449, entrevistado ese propio día 12-09-2020. 2021.
 
LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Tran T.T.D.
Judicial intervention and assistance in franchise arbitration under Vietnamese law
Court and commercial arbitration are two primary dispute resolution mechanisms chosen by the parties to commercial contracts, especially franchise contracts in the world and Vietnam. Arbitration is asserting its value as an out-of-court dispute resolution mechanism with high independence with advantages such as confidentiality and its flexibility compared to court procedures. The Court generally does not interfere in any arbitration proceedings or arbitration award. However, this article discusses cases where the Court has specific interventions and supports in the arbitration process. The work uses general scientific research methods: analysis, synthesis, abstraction, induction, deduction, logical and comparative legal method. As a result of the study, the author concluded that in the context of a socialist country like Vietnam, the management of state power agencies over the activities of organizations and individuals, including Arbitration, is essential. Therefore, the intervention, as well as the assistance of the Court in the commercial arbitration proceedings, will make arbitration activities guaranteed by the coercive power of the State, and at the same time do not lose the priority advantage of a form of outof-court dispute settlement with maximum respect for the self-determination of the parties. After all, the ultimate goal is to resolve disputes for franchisees effectively and fairly, ensuring the legitimate rights and interests of the franchising parties to the dispute.
Keywords: judicial intervention, court’s assistance, franchise, franchise arbitration, arbitration procedures, Vietnamese law, Vietnam Commercial Arbitration Law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Glava 18, Zakony Federacii Nigerii 2004. – Zakon ob arbitrazhe i primirenii.
2. Zakon # 54/2010 / QH12 o kommercheskom arbitrazhe 2010 g.
3. Ukaz # 35/2006 / ND-CP o franchajzinge.
4. Federal'nyj zakon SShA ob arbitrazhe 1925 g.
5. Bello T. Judicial Intervention in Arbitration; A Comparative Analysis of Nigeria and the United States of America // SSRN – 2019. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3405449orhttp://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3405449 (data obrashhenija: 01.06.2021).
6. Le N., Le T. H. International Arbitration 2020: Vietnam, Chambers and Partners. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://practiceguides. chambers.com/practice-guides/comparison/505/5501/8800- 8805-8808-8813-8819- 8827-8831- 8836- 8840- 8842-8846- 8850-8854(data obrashhenija: 01.06.2021).
7. Russin & Vecchi, Is it better to Arbitrate in Vietnam or to Arbitrate Abroad? – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=fcf9a5b8-f6b7-47d3-a231-4e31921dcbc2(data obrashhenija: 01.06.2021).
8. Giải quyết tranh chấp bằng trọng tài và cơ chế hỗ trợ của Toà án. – [Jelektronnyĭ resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.luathongduc.com/giai-quyet-tranh-chapbang-trong-tai-va-co-che-ho-tro-cua-toa-an (data obrashhenija: 01.06.2021).
9. Enforcement of Foreign arbitral awards in Vietnam.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.wfw.com/articles/enforcement-of-foreignarbitral-awards-in-vietnam/ (data obrashhenija:01.06.2021).
 
LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Yusupova K.Sh.
Analysis of the problem of the retroactive force of the criminal law in the legislation of the states of the Romano-German legal system
The article is due to the fact that the study of the legal sources of the states - representatives of the Romano-Germanic legal system. The author notes that these countries, depending on the level of restrictions on the retroactive effect of the criminal law, can be conditionally divided into three groups. Starting with the states with the highest level of restrictions, that is, with the least favored nation, it is necessary to indicate states such as Austria, Germany, Bulgaria and a number of other countries.
Keywords: the functioning of the criminal law in time, the retroactive force of the criminal law, a criminal act, regulation of the area of implementation of the institution.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Avstrii (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 2020 g.) // Internet-portal pravovoj informacii OBSE. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.legislationline.org/documents/section/criminal-codes (data obrashhenija:28.05.2021).
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Germanii (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 2020 g.) // Internet-portal pravovoj informacii OBSE. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.legislationline.org/documents/section/criminal-codes (data obrashhenija:28.05.2021).
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks Francii (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 2020 g.) // Internet-portal pravovoj informacii OBSE. – [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.legislationline.org/documents/section/criminal-codes (data obrashhenija:28.05.2021).
4. Avdeeva E. N. Obratnaja sila ugolovnogo zakona na primere zakonodatel'stva zarubezhnyh stran // Sovremennaja jurisprudencija. – 2014. – # 2. – S. 59.
5. Alekseeva A. L. Zarubezhnyj opyt pravovogo regulirovanija instituta obratnoj sily ugolovnogo zakona// Sovremennaja jurisprudencija. – 2016. – # 2. – S. 76.
6. Zhalinskij A. Je. Ugolovnoe pravo: uchebnik. – M.:Izd-vo Norma, 2013.
7. Kajumova A. R. Ugolovnaja jurisdikcija v mezhdunarodnom prave: voprosy teorii i praktiki: dis. …dokt. jurid. nauk: 12.00.10. Kazan', 2016. – 448 s.
8. Konvencija o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod ot 04 nojabrja 1950 // Sbornik mezhdunarodnyh aktov. – 2020. – # 7.
9. Savel'eva S. M. Obratnaja sila ugolovnogo zakona v normah zarubezhnogo zakonodatel'stva // Ugolovnoe pravo. – 2015. – # 4. – S. 125.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Boytsova A.Yu., Krasovskaya N.S.
Features of the legal protection of indigenous minorities of the Russian Federation (example of the Krasnoyarsk Territory)
The legal regulation of the protection of the rights and interests of indigenous peoples in the Russian Federation is in its infancy. The authors examined the provisions of the current legislation for the existence of legal regulation of the status of indigenous peoples, taking into account their traditional lifestyle, ethnocultural characteristics and customs. Gaps in legislation regarding legal aid for the above-mentioned population were identified, as well as violations of their rights in the administration of justice. In examining the above-mentioned rules, the authors concluded that there were legal gaps in the provision of free legal assistance and suggested solutions.
Keywords: indigenous peoples, lawyer, free legal aid, qualified legal aid.
Work bibliographic list
1. Drobyshevskij S. A. Istorija politicheskih i pravovyh uchenij: osnovnye klassicheskie idei. – M.:Norma, 2018.
2. Drobyshevskij S. A., Krasovskaja N. S. Korennye malochislennye narody Rossii: nekotorye voprosy pravovogo regulirovanija // Sibirskij antropologicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 2. – S. 149.
3. Ezhegodnyj doklad Upolnomochennogo po pravam korennyh malochislennyh narodov Krasnojarskogo kraja «O realizacii konstitucionnyh prav i svobod korennyh malochislennyh narodov na territorii Krasnojarskogo kraja v 2020 godu» // Doklady upolnomochennyh. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.ombudsmankk.ru/about/report/.
4. Krjazhkov V. A. Status korennyh malochislennyh narodov Rossii. Mezhdunarodnye pravovye akty i rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo. Kniga chetvertaja. – S.244-648.
5. Novikova N. I. Obychnoe pravo v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve: sovremennye vozmozhnosti i perspektivy zashhity prav korennyh malochislennyh narodov // Sovremennoe sostojanie i puti razvitija korennyh malochislennyh narodov Severa, Sibiri i Dal'nego Vostoka Rossijskoj Federacii.
6. Prohachev A. V. Obychaj v sisteme form prava: voprosy teorii. Avtoreferat k dissertacii, 2007.
7. Surovova K. Ju. Advokatskaja dejatel'nost': soderzhanie, vidy (teoretiko-pravovoj analiz): avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2016.
8. Jakel' Ju. Ja. Sudebnaja zashhita prav korennyh malochislennyh narodov Vostoka, Sibiri i Dal'nego Vostoka Rossijskoj Federacii // Sovremennoe sostojanie i puti razvitija korennyh malochislennyh narodov Severa, Sibiri i Dal'nego Vostoka Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: arctic-consult.com.
9. Jakel' Ju. Ja. Sudebnaja zashhita prava na tradicionnoe prirodopol'zovanie. Zakonodatel'nye garantii. Opyt. Praktika // Ljudi Severa: prava na resursy i jekspertiza. Issledovanija po juridicheskoj antropologii / Otv. red. N. I. Novikova, V. A. Tishkov. – M.: Strategija, 2008
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Gayvoronskaya Ya.V., Dyakonova A.V.
Legal interpretation policy of Russia in the context of digitalization
The Article analyses the problems of modern legal interpretation state’s policy, as well as the digital age’s challenges in relation to the legal regulation of legal interpretation activities. The authors proceed from the thesis that digitalization raises new requirements for legal regulation and legal technique, that legislator will have to respond in the near future. One of these requirements is the presence in the doctrine of a developed and systematic legal acts’ theory, suitable for the purposes of law-making algorithmization and the formation of machine-readable law. Analyzing several landmark decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, the authors concluded that there is a law interpretation policy as an independent type of legal policy and a special type of state activity related to the defining of strategic guidelines for the legal system’s development in Russia. At the same time, official law interpretation in the Russian legal system currently means an independent activity type within the legal regulation’s framework. But for the tasks of public relations’ digital transformation, this is not enough, since a few issues should be resolved not at the doctrinal, but at the legislative level.
Keywords: law interpretation, concretization of law, law digitalization, digital technologies, law-making, interpretation act, interpretative act, legal acts’ theory.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Blankenagel' A. «Proshhaj, Sovet Evropy!» ili «Sovet Evropy, davaj pogovorim!»? // Sravnitel'noe konstitucionnoe obozrenie. 2016. # 6 (115). S.135-150.
2. Karabekov M.M. Pravovye akty kak sredstva formirovanija i realizacii pravovoj politiki: obshheteoreticheskij aspekt: Avtoreferat dis… kand. jurid. nauk. Krasnodar, 2010. 194 s.
3. Kivlenok T.V. K voprosu o «netradicionnyh» normativnyh pravovyh aktah // Pravovaja politika i pravovaja zhizn'. 2006. # 3. S. 153-161.
4. Mal'ko A.V. Zakonotvorcheskaja politika v sovremennoj Rossii i ee sub"ektah: neobhodimost' formirovanija // Zakonotvorcheskaja politika sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii: problemy teorii i praktiki: sbornik nauchnyh statej po itogam raboty kruglogo stola / pod red. A.V. Mal'ko. Penza: Izd-vo PGU, 2010. 293 s.
5. Mal'ko A.V., Gajvoronskaja Ja.V. Teorija pravovyh aktov: neobhodimost' i puti sozdanija // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2012. # 2. S. 15-24.
6. Mal'ko A.V., Terehov E.M. Pravointerpretacionnaja dejatel'nost' i problemy ee usovershenstvovanija // Pravovaja kul'tura. 2016. # 2 (25). S. 8-14.
7. Mashinochitaemoe pravo / Inye proekty Minjekonomrazvitija Rossii v sfere regulirovanija cifrovoj jekonomiki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.economy.gov.ru/material/directions/gosudarstvennoe_upravlenie/normativnoe_regulirovanie_cifrovoy_sredy/inye_proekty_v_sfere_regulirovaniya_cifrovoy_ekonomiki/ (data obrashhenija:17.04.2021).
8. O normativnyh pravovyh aktah v Rossijskoj Federacii (iniciativnyj proekt federal'nogo zakona). 5-e izd., pererab. i dop. / ruk. avt. Kollektiva T.Ja. Habrieva, Ju.A. Tihomirov. M.: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii, 2019. 88 s.
9. Ovchinnikov S.N. Pis'ma federal'noj tamozhennoj sluzhby: vozmozhnost' sudebnogo osparivanija //Pravovaja real'nost' v fokuse juridicheskoj nauki i universitetskogo prosveshhenija: materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Vladivostok: VF RTA, 2009. S. 53-56.
10. Petrushev V.A. Teorija tolkovanija prava kak sostavnaja chast' obshhej teorii prava // Lex Russica. 2009. #2. S. 410-418.
11. Potapenko S.V. Razgranichenie normativnyh i nenormativnyh aktov pri rassmotrenii del, vytekajushhih iz publichnyh pravootnoshenij // Rossijskaja Justicija. 2003. # 6. S. 30-31.
12. Shopina O.V. Sistema pravovyh aktov v sovremennoj Rossii: problemy teorii: Avtoreferat dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. Saratov, 2002. 220 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kramarenko V.O.
Civil law codification of the Russian Federation and Germany in the second half of 19th century
In the article brief description is given to the history of the project of Civil Code of the Russian Empire and its comparison to German Civil Code. The process in the Drafting Commission is also described: the composition of the Commission, its objectives and goals, the sources underlying the Project, and the result of its activity. The Project of the Civil Code is an excellent example of the law culture and language of Russia, careful attitude to the economic, social and spiritual values of the people. The Project of the Civil Code and the entire history of its drafting on various aspects can be used today during the conduct of legislative activity.
Keywords: Civil Code Project of the Russian Empire, German Civil Code, Russian civil law, principles of civil law.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Vvedenie k ob"jasnitel'noj zapiske k proektu knigi Grazhdanskogo ulozhenija «Ob objazatel'stvah» // Vestnik prava. Zhurnal Juridicheskogo obshhestva pri Imperatorskom S.-Peterburgskom universitete. - 1899.- # 6. - S. 146.
2. Imennoj ukaz, dannyj Gosudarstvennomu sovetu, «Ob obrazovanii iz Vtorogo otdelenija Sobstvennoj Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva kanceljarii Kodifikacionnogo otdela pri Gosudarstvennom sovete». 23 janvarja 1882 g. // Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossijskoj imperii. Sobranie tret'e (dalee: 3-PSZRI). - SPb., 1886.- Tom 2. - # 621. - S. 23.
3. Nemytina M. V. Sud v Rossii: vtoraja polovina XIX - nachalo XX v. Dis. na soisk. … d.ju.n. - M.: Akademija upravlenija MVD Rossii, 1999.
4. Redakcionnaja komissija po sostavleniju proekta Grazhdanskogo ulozhenija // Zhurnal grazhdanskogo i ugolovnogo prava. - 1885. - Kn. 8. - S. 133.
5. Sinajskij V. I. Neobhodimo li nam speshit' s izdaniem Grazhdanskogo ulozhenija? - Varshava, 1911. - S. 17.
6. Sinajskij V.I. Russkoe grazhdanskoe pravo. - Kiev., 1914.
7. Sobranija sochinenij K. D. Kavelina» (stlb. 903-922). Gazeta # 223 «Sankt-Peterburgskie vedomosti» za 1863 god.
8. Cirkuljar ministra justicii k predstaviteljam uchenyh uchrezhdenij i sudebnyh ustanovlenij po povodu zhelatel'nogo uchastija ih v trudah vysochajshe uchrezhdennogo Komiteta dlja sostavlenija proekta Grazhdanskogo ulozhenija // Zhurnal grazhdanskogo i ugolovnogo prava. izdanie S.-Peterburgskogo juridicheskogo obshhestva. - 1883. - Kn. 4. Prilozhenie. - S. 1-15.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Lang P.P.
The value and existence of the principles of law
This article analyzes the positions regarding the understanding and essential characteristics of the principles of law, focuses on the value, axiological potential of the latter. The role of the principles of law in the regulation of social relations is highlighted.
Keywords: principles of law, value, existence, legal process, good.
Work bibliographic list
1. Azarhin A.V. Celi i sredstva v pravorealizacionnom processe // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta im. V.N. Tatishheva. 2019. T. 1. # 2. S. 6-13.
2. Azarhin A.V. Cel' i celepolaganie v pravotvorchestve kak kriterij jeffektivnosti grazhdanskogo zakonodatel'stva // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta im. V.N. Tatishheva. 2016. T. 1. # 2. S. 84-90.
3. Azarhin A.V. K postanovke voprosa o cennostnom izmerenii pravovyh celej // Aktual'nye problemy pravovedenija. 2013. # 3 (39). S. 3-10.
4. Barabash A.S. O soderzhanii ponjatija «princip» v raznyh otrasljah prava // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2019. # 2. S. 98-107.
5. Balandin V.N., Pavlushina A.A. Principy juridicheskogo processa. Tol'jatti: VUiT, 2001. 150 s.
6. Volos A.A. Principy grazhdanskogo prava i ih aksiologija // Izvestija Bajkal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2017. T. 27. # 2. S. 238-245.
7. Voplenko N.N., Rudkovskij V.A. Ponjatie i klassifikacija principov prava // Leningradskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2014. #4 (38). S. 35-48.
8. Ershov V.V. Pravovoe i individual'noe regulirovanie obshhestvennyh otnoshenij: monografija. M.:RGUP, 2018. 628 s.
9. Ivanskij V.P. Antropologicheskij podhod v issledovanii cennostej prava: klassika, neklassika i postneklassika // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Serija: Juridicheskie nauki. 2021. T. 25. # 1. S. 263-280.
10. Komissarova E.G. Principy v prave i osnovnye nachala grazhdanskogo zakonodatel'stva: avtoref. dis.… dokt. jurid. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2002. 46 s.
11. Kuznecova O.A. Specializirovannye normy rossijskogo grazhdanskogo prava: teoreticheskie problemy: avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2007. 43 s.
12. Lang P.P. Razvitie pravovyh cennostej v istoricheskom kontekste pravovyh idej // Rossijskaja justicija. 2021. # 1. S. 7-10.
13. Lang P.P. Idei blaga v prave // Voprosy jekonomiki i prava. 2020. # 142. S. 15-19.
14. Lang P.P. Aksiologicheskie nachala prava // Rossijskaja justicija. 2018. # 8. S. 2-4.
15. Loshkarev A.V. K voprosu o kategorii «sistemnost' prava» // Voprosy jekonomiki i prava. 2016. # 92.S. 13-16.
16. Luk'janova E.G. Teorija processual'nogo prava. 2-e izd., pererab. M.: Norma, 2004. 240 s.
17. Obshhaja teorija gosudarstva i prava. Akademicheskij kurs v treh tomah / otv. red. M.N. Marchenko. – 4-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: Norma: INFRA-M, 2018. Tom 2. 816 s.
18. Pavlushina A.A. Teorija juridicheskogo processa: itogi, problemy, perspektivy razvitija. M.: Jurlitinform, 2009. 469 s.
19. Protasov V.N. Teorija juridicheskoj procedury:uchebnoe posobie dlja vuzov. M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2020. 105 s.
20. Processual'noe pravo: obshhee i chastnoe: uchebnoe posobie / P.P. Lang, O.S. Skachkova, E.N. Churakova, A.V. Loshkarev. Samara: Izdatel'stvo SGJeU, 2020. 184 s.
21. Perspektivy razvitija processual'nogo prava v informacionnom obshhestve: monografija / pod red.  A.A. Pavlushinoj. M.: Jurlitinform, 2017. 168 s.
22. Rybakov O.Ju. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Voprosy i otvety. M.: Prometej, 2017. 192 s. Rybakov O.Ju., Smirnov D.A. Sistema i klassifikacija principov nalogovogo prava // Juridicheskie issledovanija. 2013. # 1. S. 73-81.
23. Rybakov O.Ju. Kachestvo zhizni, blagopoluchie cheloveka, cennost' prava v uslovijah cifrovoj real'nosti // Chelovek, obshhestvo, pravo v uslovijah cifrovoj real'nosti: Sbornik statej. M.: OOO «Izdatel'stvo «KnoRus», 2020. S. 15-31.
24. Rybakov O.Ju. Cennostnye osnovanija rossijskogo konstitucionalizma // Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii i sovremennyj pravoporjadok: materialy konferencii: v 5 chastjah, Moskva, 28-30 nojabrja 2018 goda. M.: RG-Press, 2019. S. 332-335.
25. Rjazanovskij V.A. Edinstvo processa: Uchebnoe posobie. M.: OAO «Izdatel'skij Dom «Gorodec», 2005. 80 s.
26. Sverdlyk G.A. Principy sovetskogo grazhdanskogo prava. Krasnojarsk: Izd-vo Krasnojar. un-ta, 1985. 200 s.
27. Sidorkin A.S. Principy prava: ponjatie i realizacija v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve i sudebnoj praktike: avtoref. dis. … k.ju.n. M. 2010. 26 s.
28. Syryh V.M. Logicheskie osnovanija obshhej teorii prava: Jelementnyj sostav. M.: ZAO Justicinform, 2004. T. 1. S. 70-71.
29. Teorija juridicheskogo processa: istorija i sovremennost': ucheb. posobie / A.A. Pavlushina. – 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. Samara: Izd-vo Samar. gos. jekon.un-ta, 2015. 80 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Lipen N.S.
The legal nature of acts containing explanations of legislation and having normative properties in decisions of the Court of Intellectual Property
The legal nature of acts containing explanations of legislation and having normative properties is debatable, it is defined differently in the scientific literature. The Court of Intellectual Property also contributes to the clarification of the legal nature of these documents in decisions made in cases of contesting acts that contain explanations of legislation and have regulatory properties.
Keywords: normative legal acts, acts of interpretation of law, acts containing an explanation of legislation and having normative properties, the Court of Intellectual Property.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kuchin M. V. Sudebnoe tolkovanie ili sudebnoe normotvorchestvo? // Jelektronnoe prilozhenie k «Rossijskomu juridicheskomu zhurnalu». - 2017. - # 3.
2. O normativnyh pravovyh aktah v Rossijskoj Federacii: (iniciativnyj proekt federal'nogo zakona). 5-e izd., pererab. i dop. / ruk. avt. koll. T. Ja. Habrieva, Ju.
A. Tihomirov. - M.: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii, 2019.
3. Selivanovskij I. S. Akty, obladajushhie normativnymi svojstvami: blago ili oshibka pravovogo regulirovanija (priznanie «kvazinormativnyh» aktov v pravovoj sisteme Rossii) // Juridicheskaja mysl'. - 2018.- # 5 (109).
4. Filimonov Ju. V. Interpretacionnye akty v sisteme pravovyh aktov // Gaudeamus Igitur. - 2019. -# 2. - S. 8-10.
5. Sheremet'eva A. K., Chernov A. L. K voprosu ob aktah, soderzhashhih raz"jasnenija zakonodatel'stva i obladajushhih normativnymi svojstvami // Innovacionnoe razvitie sovremennoj juridicheskoj nauki: sb. st. - Habarovsk: Tihookeanskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2019.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Nikitin A.A.
Specificity of the legal discretion of the abuser
The article examines the features of such unlawful behavior as abuse of the right. Since the abuse of the right is characterized as purposeful behavior, this means that it is an external expression of the specific discretion of the subject. The establishment of the properties characteristic of the discretion of the person abusing the right can be used in the future by the subjects carrying out the assessment of legal behavior (for example, by the court) to identify and prevent this type of unlawful behavior.
Keywords: legal discretion, exercise of the law, abuse of the right, unlawful behavior.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30 nojabrja 1994 g. (v red. ot 9 marta 2021g.) # 51-FZ // SZ RF. 1994. # 32. St. 3301; 2021. #11. St. 1698.
2. Batora P. V. «Inoe zavedomo nedobrosovestnoe osushhestvlenie grazhdanskih prav» kak universal'naja forma zloupotreblenija pravom // Nauka i obrazovanie: hozjajstvo i jekonomika; predprinimatel'stvo; pravo i upravlenie. 2019. # 2.
3. Gribanov V. P. Osushhestvlenie i zashhita grazhdanskih prav. M.: Statut, 2000.
4. Zheleva O. V. Ponjatie i priznaki zloupotreblenija pravom v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve //Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2015. # 396.
5. Zajkov D. E. Ponjatie i soderzhanie zloupotreblenija processual'nymi pravami v arbitrazhnom i grazhdanskom processah // Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process. 2014. # 9.
6. Krymova E. N. Formy i vidy zloupotreblenija pravom v sisteme funkcionirovanija ispolnitel'noj vlasti v Rossii kak v demokraticheskom pravovom gosudarstve // Juridicheskie zapiski: sb. nauch. trudov. Vyp. 22: Demokratija i pravovaja sistema Rossii: preimushhestva, dostizhenija i protivorechija /Pod red. Ju. N. Starilova. Voronezh: Izdatel'stvo Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2009.
7. Malinovskij A. A. Zloupotreblenie sub"ektivnym pravom (teoretiko-pravovoe issledovanie). M.:Izd-vo «Jurlitinform», 2007.
8. Ofman E. M. Zloupotreblenie pravom sub"ektami trudovyh otnoshenij: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2006.
9. Pokrovskij I. A. Osnovnye problemy grazhdanskogo prava. M.: Statut, 1998.
10. Porotikova O. A. Problema zloupotreblenija sub"ektivnym grazhdanskim pravom: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. Saratov, 2002.
11. Sazanova I. V. K voprosu o sootnoshenii obhoda zakona i zloupotreblenija pravom // Uchenye zapiski juridicheskogo fakul'teta. 2010. # 17.
12. Suhova N. I. Nejtralizacija zloupotreblenija pravom v uslovijah neopredelennosti teoretiko-jempiricheskih osnovanij ego identifikacii // Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj juridicheskoj akademii. 2019. # 4.
13. Chervonjuk V. I. Zloupotreblenie pravom v sfere dejstvija chastnogo i publichnogo prava // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2017. # 3.
14. Sharnina L. A. Zloupotreblenie konstitucionnymi pravami i zloupotreblenie polnomochijami: obshhee i osobennoe // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. 2012. # 12.
15. Jacenko T. S. Kategorija shikany v grazhdanskom prave: istorija i sovremennost'. M.: Statut, 2003.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Yunusov A.A., Yunusov S.A., Egorova O.O.
Synergetics as a natural social value in the institute of human rights and freedoms
The rights and obligations of a person and a citizen now play an essential role in the life of society. The society came to this understanding relatively recently, having overcome very large and long historical, cultural, political and other processes, during which this institution is a separate social and legal value. In this article, the author examines the institution of human rights in the context of modern statehood in the context of a synergistic approach.
Keywords: state, law, values, citizen, society, society, legislation, synergy, personality.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vojcehovich V. Je. Sinergeticheskaja koncepcija fraktalov (social'nye i filosofskie osnovanija) //Sinergeticheskaja paradigma. Chelovek i obshhestvo v uslovijah nestabil'nosti. – M.: Progress-Tradicija, 2003. – S. 141-156.
2. Gorbachev V. V. Koncepcii sovremennogo estestvoznanija: Ucheb. posobie dlja studentov vuzov. – 3-e izd., pererab. – M.: OOO «Izdatel'stvo Oniks»: OOO «Izdatel'stvo «Mir i Obrazovanie», 2008.
3. Pljusnin A. M. Osnovy teorii sistemnogo upravlenija v uchrezhdenijah i organah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. – Kirov: filial NOU VPO «SPb IVJeSJeP» v g. Kirove, 2009.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Abdykayumov A.S., Mayakunov A.E.
Genghis Khan’s Yassa as Basis for the Mongol Empire’s Rule of Law
This article examines the role and significance of Genghis Khan’s Great Yassa in the system of customary law of the Mongols.
We analyze the main provisions and legal principles of this medieval source of customary law. We also emphasize the need for legal registration of Mongolian state’s dynamically developing genesis. We conclude on the historical negative and positive aspects of Genghis Khan’s legislation for the Mongols themselves and their conquered peoples.
Keywords: Great Yassa, Bilik, Genghis Khan’s empire, customary law of Mongols, monuments of medieval law of Mongols, criminal penalties, social factors of customary law codification.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vernadskij G. V. Istorija Rossii. Mongoly i Rus'. –M.: Lomonosov", 2014. – 512 s.
2. Guntupov A. V. Formirovanie ideologii Velikogo mongol'skogo gosudarstva: avtoref. dis. …. kand. ist. nauk: 07.00.03 / Burjatskij gos. un-t. – Ulan-Udje. – 36 s.
3. Dugarova S. Zh., Dugarova E. Zh. Istoriograficheskij obzor istochnikov «Velikoj Jasy» Chingishana// Vestnik Burjatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2014. – # 2. – S. 158-162. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/istoriograficheskiy-obzor-istochnikov-velikoy-yasychingishana/
viewer (data obrashhenija: 17.04.2021).
4. Kljashtornyj S. G., Sultanov T. I. Gosudarstva i narody Evrazijskih stepej. Drevnost' i srednevekov'e. –SPb: Peterburgskoe vostokovedenie, 2004. – 368 s.
5. Melehin A. V. Chingishan. Imperskaja ideja. – M.: AST, 2016. – 320 s.
6. Muhametov F. F. Jasa Chingishana i ee rol' v mongol'skoj pravovoj sisteme// Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Istorija i arheologija. – # 1. – 2006. – S. 64-71. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/yasachingishana-i-ee-rol-v-mongolskoy-pravovoy-sisteme/viewer (data obrashhenija: 01.04.2021).
7. Nolev E. V. Imperskie principy v mongol'skom zakonodatel'stve perioda pravlenija Chingishana// Vlast'. – 2019. – # 1. – S. 245-247. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/imperskie-printsipy-v-mongolskomzakonodatelstve-
perioda-pravleniya-chingishana/viewer (data obrashhenija: 01.04.2021).
8. Plano Karpini D. D. Istorija mongalov. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.hist.msu.ru/ER/Etext/carpini.htm (data obrashhenija: 21.04.2021).
9. Sajshial. Skazanie o Chingishane. – Ulan-Udje: Respublikanskaja tipografija, 2006. – 576 s.
10. Shirizhik V. M. Obychnoe pravo kak reguljator obshhestvennyh otnoshenij mongolo-tjurkskih narodov Central'noj Azii v period Chingishana //Vestnik Tomskogo universiteta. – Tomsk, 2014. – #386. – S. 161-164. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/obychnoepravo-kak-regulyator-obschestvennyh-otnosheniymongolo-tyurkskih-narodov-tsentralnoy-azii-v-periodchingishana/viewer (data obrashhenija: 21.04.2021).
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Evseeva O.V.
Execution of penalties not related to deprival of freedom by the police in the Russian Empire (19th – 20th centuries)
The article is devoted to the analysis of the implementation by the police bodies of the Russian Empire of court decisions on the execution of sentences not related to imprisonment. The author examines this aspect from the moment of the establishment of the police until the judicial reform, during which the institution of bailiffs was created. On the basis of legal sources, the police bodies and their powers for the execution of punishments not related to imprisonment in the Russian Empire were determined.
Keywords: police, county police, execution of court decisions, deanery councils, chief police chief, police officer, quarter overseer, judicial reform, bailiff.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akuchin E. I. Istoricheskij obzor razvitija administrativno-policejskih uchrezhdenij v Rossii s Uchrezhdenija o gubernijah 1775 g. do poslednego vremeni. – SPb., 1872. – 238 s.
2. Bulychev E. N. Policija Rossii i ispolnitel'noe proizvodstvo // Istorija gosudarstva i prava. – 2000.– # 3. – S. 32-33.
3. Valeeva R. H. Organy ispolnenija sudebnyh reshenij po sovetskomu grazhdanskomu processual'nomu pravu: Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – L., 1961.
4. Ivanova E. A. Pravovye osnovy organizacii i dejatel'nosti obshhej policii Rossii (XVIII – nachalo XX vv.): Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Rostov n/D, 2003.– 221 s.
5. Makeev V. V. Obshhaja i ugolovnaja policija Rossii: Hronologicheskij spravochnik. – Rostov n/D, 1997.
6. Mulukaev R. S. Policija v Rossii (IX v. – nachalo XXv.) – N. Novgorod, 1993.
7. Hrestomatija po istorii gosudarstva i prava Rossii: ucheb. posobie / sost. Ju. P. Titov. – 4-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Prospekt, 2013. – 480 s.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Novikova O.I., Nekrasov A.I.
On the question of the political and legal views of the Slavophiles
The article is devoted to the analysis of the political and legal views of the Slavophiles. The question of the inconsistency of their views is raised. The ideological basis of their polemics with Westernizers is revealed. It is concluded that this was an important dispute in terms of determining the vector of Russia’s future development.
Keywords: Slavophiles, Westernizers, nobility, socialists, liberalism, Orthodoxy, statehood.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aksakov K. S., Aksakov I. S. Izbrannye trudy. - M.:ROSSPJeN, 2010. - 888 s.
2. Belinskij V. G. «Sovremennik». Vzgljad na literaturu 1846 goda. // Jelektronnaja biblioteka «Sobranie klassiki». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://az.lib.ru/b/belinskij_w_g/text_1846.shtml.
3. Gercen A. I. Byloe i dumy. Sochinenija v 9 tomah. T.5. - M., Goslitizdat, 1956. - 643 s.4. Derzhavin N. S. Gercen i slavjanofily // Istorik-
marksist. - 1939. - # 1. - S. 125-145.
5. Zhiharev M. I. P. Ja. Chaadaev: iz vospominanij sovremennika. // Vestnik Evropy. - 1871. - T. IV. - Kn.7. - S. 172-209.
6. Plehanov G. V. Sochinenija v 24 tomah. T. 23. - M.-L.:GIZ, 1926. - 457 s.
7. Russkaja istoricheskaja literatura v klassovom osveshhenii. T. 1-2. Sbornik statej / S predisl. i pod red. M. N. Pokrovskogo. T. 1. - M.: izd-vo Kommun.akad., 1927-1930. - 422 s.
8. Cimbaev N. I. I. S. Aksakov v obshhestvennoj zhizni poreformennoj Rossii. - M.: Izd-vo MGU, 1978. - 264 s.
9. Cimbaev N. I. Slavjanofil'stvo: Iz istorii russkoj obshhestvenno-politicheskoj mysli XIX v. - M.:MGU, 1986. - 446 s.
10. Chaadaev P. Ja. Filosoficheskie pis'ma. Pis'mo pervoe. // Jelektronnaja biblioteka «Sobranie klassiki». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://az.lib.ru/c/chaadaew_p_j/text_0010.shtml.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Stepanova A.A., Khafizov E.D.
Emigrant associations of employees of the judicial bodies of Imperial Russia in the post-revolutionary abroad
The article is devoted to the analysis of the activities of the emigre associations of former employees of the judiciary of imperial Russia in the Russian post-revolutionary abroad. Professional communities created in exile by former employees of the judiciary actively participated in cultural, educational and charitable spheres of activity. The efforts of the participants in these organizations supported the domestic traditions of pre-revolutionary jurisprudence. For the fi rst time, materials published on the pages of the Russian émigré periodicals are being introduced into scientific circulation.
Keywords: emigration, post-revolutionary foreign countries, professional communities of judicial officials, educational and educational activities.
Work bibliographic list
1. V Berline. Sojuz sudebnyh dejatelej // Rul' (Berlin).- 1923. - 1 maja. - # 735. - S. 5; Berlin. V sojuze sudebnyh dejatelej // Vozrozhdenie (Parizh). - 1932. - 29 nojabrja.- # 2737. - S. 8; Berlin. Sojuz sudebnyh dejatelej // Tam zhe. - 1938. - 15 janvarja. - # 4115. - S. 13.
2. V Sen-Briake // Vozrozhdenie (Parizh). - 1939. – 24 fevralja. - # 4172. - S. 3.
3. Obshhestvo russkih sudebnyh dejatelej // Rul' (Berlin). - 1922. - 3 marta. - # 394. - S. 2.
4. Pis'mo v redakciju // Vozrozhdenie (Parizh). - 1931. - 2 fevralja. - # 2071. - S. 4.
5. Russkaja zhizn' vo francuzskoj provincii. Bezanson // Tam zhe. - 1931. - 23 aprelja. - # 2151. - S. 5.
6. Russkie v Jugoslavii. Zarubezhnyj Sojuz russkih sudebnyh dejatelej // Vozrozhdenie (Parizh). - 1931. -20 janvarja. - # 2058. - S. 2; Jugoslavija. V zarubezhnom sojuze russkih sudebnyh dejatelej // Vozrozhdenie(Parizh). - 1931. - 1 maja. - # 2159. - S. 5.
7. Russkie za rubezhom. Novaja organizacija juristov v Prage // Tam zhe. - 1937. - 31 dekabrja. - # 4112. - S. 7.
8. Sojuz sudebnyh dejatelej // Vozrozhdenie (Parizh). -1936. - 14 marta. - # 3937. - S. 5.
9. Spravochnyj otdel // Novoe russkoe slovo (N'ju-Jork). - 1937. - 3 oktjabrja. - # 9014. - S.3.
10. Sredi russkoj jemigracii // Novaja russkaja zhizn' (Gel'singfors). - 1921. - 7 avgusta. - # 178. - S. 2.
11. Tregubov S. N. Obrashhenie k russkim sudebnym dejateljam // Zakon i Sud: Vestnik Russkogo juridicheskogo obshhestva. - Riga, 1929. - # 5 (nojabr'). - S. 2/2 obl.
12. Tregubov S. N., Doneckij A. F. K russkim sudebnym dejateljam // Vozrozhdenie (Parizh). - 1937. - 6 avgusta.- # 4090. - S. 14.
13. Hronika. Zapiska obshhestva Russkih sudebnyh dejatelej // Vozrozhdenie (Parizh). - 1926. - 5 oktjabrja. - #490. - S. 3; Sojuz sudebnyh dejatelej // Tam zhe. - 1932. -16 fevralja. - # 2450. - S. 4; Sojuz sudebnyh dejatelej// Tam zhe. - 1936. - 14 marta. - # 3937. - S. 5.
14. Hronika. Sojuz dejatelej sudebnogo vedomstva // Vozrozhdenie (Parizh). - 1925. - 19 ijunja. - # 17. - S. 3.
15. Hronika. Sojuz dejatelej sudebnogo vedomstva // Vozrozhdenie (Parizh). - 1925. - 22 ijulja. - # 50. - S. 3.
16. Hronika. Chaj sudebnogo vedomstva // Vozrozhdenie (Parizh). - 1932. - 20 oktjabrja. - # 2697. - S. 5; Hronika. Sojuz chinov sudebnogo vedomstva // Tam zhe. - 1933.- 28 aprelja. - # 2887. - S. 5; Spravochnyj otdel. Lekcii i sobranija // Tam zhe. - 1935. - 13 oktjabrja. - #
3784. - S. 11; Hronika. Doklad S. D. Tverskogo // Tam zhe. - 1935. - 23 nojabrja. - # 3825. - S.4.
17. Chelishhev V. N. Jugoslavija // Vozrozhdenie (Parizh).- 1925. - 27 sentjabrja. - # 117. - S. 2
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Abazov A.B., Fayrushin T.A.
The Constitution of the Russian Federation of 2020 as a guarantor of the national security
of the Russian Federation
The article deals with the issues of securing guarantees for ensuring national security in the 2020 Constitution. The 2020 Constitution is focused on the ongoing changes in the political and social structure of the state. The effectiveness of the functioning of the national security system is largely determined by the quality of the system of legal regulation of this area. The Basic Law of the state determines the further development of the regulatory mechanism for regulating the national security system. The purpose of this work is to assess the effectiveness of the changes made in order to improve the level of national security of the Russian Federation. Accordingly, it is not yet possible to assess the effectiveness of the changes made in the practical context, since the changes were made relatively recently.
Keywords: Constitution of the Russian Federation, national security, preamble, guarantor, social security, amendments, amendments, state, federal territories.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bespamjatnov R. V. Strategii obespechenija jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti regionov i krupnyh gorodov // Problemy rynochnoj jekonomiki. – 2019. – # 2. – S. 55-63.
2. Dobryden' E. A. Problematika federal'nyh territorij v popravkah k Konstitucii RF // Aktual'nye issledovanija. – 2020. – # 11 (14). – S. 109-111.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Abdulaeva G.O., Pirbudagova D.Sh.
Civil society institutions: concept and interaction with the state
The article analyzes various approaches to understanding the essence and content of the concept of civil society, its role in interaction with the state. The author also considers possible options for the development of relations between civil society and the state, and their consequences.
Keywords: state, civil society, legal civil society.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avak'jan S. A. Konstitucionnoe pravo Rossii: T.1. 5-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Norma: INFRA-M, 2014.
2. Grammatchikov A. A. Grazhdanskoe obshhestvo kak osnova pravovogo gosudarstva // Skif. Voprosy studencheskoj nauki. – 2019. – # 7 (35).
3. Strus' K. A. Gosudarstvo i grazhdanskoe obshhestvo:problemy pravovogo vzaimodejstvija v Rossii. –SPb., 2005.
4. Hlopin A. D. Grazhdanskoe obshhestvo v Rossii: ideologija, utopija, real'nost' // Pro et Contra. – 2016.– # 1.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Kuznetsov S.A.
The concept of the state language and its role in the formation of society and the state
Тhe author of the article, considering the main properties of such a phenomenon as the state language, tries to determine its essence, as well as the role and influence on the formation and development of social relations in the field of communication of the multinational population. Also, the author draws attention to the fact that this category is not exclusively linguistic, but rather legal, and therefore, any aspect of the use of this category is in the mainstream of legislative attention, and it must be addressed through high-quality legal regulation. The author points out the latest changes in legislation in this matter.
Keywords: state language, society, communication, multinational population, legislation.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Oficial'nyj tekst Konstitucii RF s vnesennymi popravkami ot 14.03.2020 opublikovan na Oficial'nom internet-portale pravovoj informacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru, 04.07.2020.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 1 ijunja 2005 g. # 53-FZ «O gosudarstvennom jazyke Rossijskoj Federacii»// Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2005. – # 23.– St. 2199.
3. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 23 nojabrja 2006 g. # 714 «O porjadke utverzhdenija norm sovremennogo russkogo literaturnogo jazyka pri ego ispol'zovanii v kachestve gosudarstvennogo jazyka Rossijskoj Federacii, pravil russkoj orfografii i punktuacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2006. – # 48. – St. 5042.
4. Belov S. A. Ponjatie gosudarstvennogo jazyka // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Jazyk i literatura. – 2020. – T. 17. # 1. – S. 4-21.
5. Kolodeznikov S. K., Polikarpova E. M., Zaharova G. A. Rodnye i gosudarstvennye jazyki v obrazovatel'nom i polikul'turnom prostranstve // Perspektivy nauki. – 2020. – # 2 (125). – S. 63-67.
6. Kuzina S. I., Sagirjan I. G., Krasnova E. A. Gosudarstvennyj jazyk RF kak sostavljajushhaja pravovoj kul'tury nacii // Pravovoj porjadok i pravovye cennosti. sbornik nauchnyh statej IV Nacional'noj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Ministerstvo nauki i vysshego obrazovanija Rossijskoj Federacii, Federal'noe Gosudarstvennoe bjudzhetnoe obrazovatel'noe uchrezhdenie vysshego obrazovanija «Donskoj gosudarstvennyj tehnicheskij universitet» (DGTU). – 2020. – S. 237-244.
7. Miroljubova L. R. Aksiologicheskoe znachenie konstitucionnoj popravki o gosudarstvennom jazyke RF // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennosti: nauka i obshhestvo. – 2021. – # 1 (30). – S. 78-80.
8. Oreshkina M. V. Gosudarstvennyj jazyk // Sociolingvistika. – 2020. – # 1 (1). – S. 109-123.
9. Shogenova K. A. Rol' jazyka v stanovlenii professional'noj kul'tury v sfere gosudarstvennogo upravlenija // Transportnaja nauka i molodezh': novye idei i reshenija. Mezhkafedral'nyj sbornik trudov nauchno-prakticheskih konferencij i nauchnyh seminarov (s uchastiem studentov).– 2020. – S. 105-112.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Mizhareva N.V.
On the question of the place and role of peer review in the municipal law-making process
In the article, based on the analysis of general theoretical ideas about municipal lawmaking and municipal lawmaking process, using the example of anti-corruption expertise, the value of an expert assessment of a municipal normative legal act for their institutionalization is established.
Keywords: municipal lawmaking, municipal lawmaking process, municipal normative legal act, municipal legal act, anti-corruption expertise of a municipal legal act.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 17 ijulja 2009 goda # 172-FZ «Ob antikorrupcionnoj jekspertize normativnyh pravovyh aktov i proektov normativnyh pravovyh aktov» //Rossijskaja gazeta. - 22 ijulja 2009. - # 133.
2. Zakon Voronezhskoj oblasti ot 30 marta 2009 goda #15-OZ «O registre municipal'nyh normativnyh pravovyh aktov» // Molodoj kommunar. - 2 aprelja 2009. - #
33.
3. Zakon Irkutskoj oblasti ot 12 sentjabrja 2009 goda #10-OZ «O porjadke organizacii i vedenija registra municipal'nyh normativnyh pravovyh aktov Irkutskoj oblasti» // Oblastnaja. - 20 marta 2009. - # 30 (415).
4. Zakon Kabardino-Balkarskoj Respubliki ot 3 avgusta 2002 goda # 52-RZ «O pravovyh aktah v Kabardino-Balkarskoj Respublike» // Kabardino-Balkarskaja Pravda.- 9 avgusta 2002. - # 155-156.
5. Zakon Respubliki Adygeja ot 9 oktjabrja 1998 goda #92 «O normativnyh i inyh pravovyh aktah Sovetskaja Adygeja. - 16 oktjabrja 1998. - # 203.
6. Zakon Respubliki Altaj ot 30 dekabrja 2008 goda #136-RZ «O porjadke organizacii i vedenija registra municipal'nyh normativnyh pravovyh aktov» // Zvezda Altaja. - 31 dekabrja 2008.
7. Baranov I. N. Municipal'nyj pravotvorcheskij process: ponjatie i stadii // Administrativnoe i municipal'noe pravo. - 2015. - # 9 (93). - S. 906-912.
8. Zabelina E. B. Razvitie pravotvorcheskogo processa na municipal'nom urovne // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. - 2020. - # 3 (112). - S. 96-102.
9. Sergeeva K. O. Municipal'noe pravotvorchestvo v Rossijskoj Federacii: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk.- M., 2013. - 27 s.
10. Shkuratova T. N. Municipal'noe pravotvorchestvo: voprosy teorii i pravovogo regulirovanija: Avtoref.dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Cheljabinsk, 2011. - 26 s.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Fomicheva O.A., Husainov Z.F.
The federalism as a principle in the Russian Federation law-making process
The article examines legal regulation of the areas of responsibility of the subjects of the Russian Federation, considered by the author as one of the criteria for determining the scope of the law-making process for regional parliaments and the characteristic of the principle of federalism. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the interconnected spheres of the subject matter of the subjects of the Russian Federation, which allows to highlight the specifics of the legislative process. The aim of the study is to define modern mechanisms of legal regulation of the legislative process, which, in the absence of sufficient legislative regulation, should be consistent with the principle of federalism.
The novelty of the study lies in the fact that for the first time the principle of federalism relates to the legislative process, and as a result, arguments are made in correlate with this principle of rules defining the spheres of the legislative process for parliaments, as well as determining the order of the legislative process. The generalization of practice and the author’s systematization of approaches to the regulation of the procedure of delineating subjects of reference between the Russian Federation and its subjects formulates a new approach of a comprehensive definition of the rules of the legislative process for the regional parliament.
Keywords: legislative process, subject matter, subject of the Russian Federation, federalism, parliament, law-making, independence, Constitution of the Russian Federation, law, order.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abdulatipov R.G. O federativnoj i nacional'noj politike Rossijskogo gosudarstva. – M., 1995. – 63 s.
2. Avak'jan S.A. Obshhestvennyj faktor v zakonotvorchestve: nekotorye problemy i predlozhenija // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2006. – # 3. – S. 8.
3. Kazancev M.F. Pravotvorcheskij federalizm: konstitucionnaja ideja i zakonodatel'naja praktika //Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2007.– # 16. – S. 20-26.
4. Okulich I.P., Pavlov P.V. Problemy jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti zakonodatel'nogo (predstavitel'nogo) organa gosudarstvennoj vlasti sub"ekta RF.Cheljabinsk, 2004. – 208 s.
5. Salikov M.S. Sravnitel'nyj federalizm SShA i Rossii. – Ekaterinburg, 1998. – 636 s.
6. Salmina S.G. Konstitucija RF - pravovaja osnova zakonodatel'noj dejatel'nosti sub"ektov RF (na primere Tjumenskoj oblasti, Hanty-Mansijskogo avtonomnogo okruga - Jugry, Jamalo-Neneckogo avtonomnogo okruga). Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk.– SPb., 2006. – 224 s.
7. Thabisimov H.A. Razgranichenie predmetov vedenija i polnomochij mezhdu organami gosudarstvennoj vlasti RF i organami gosudarstvennoj vlasti sub"ektov RF kak konstitucionnyj princip rossijskogo federalizma // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2014. – # 4. – S. 19-24.
8. Fomicheva O.A. Specifika pravovogo regulirovanija cikla rassmotrenija zakonoproekta v sub"ektah RF // Ural'skij forum konstitucionalistov (Ekaterinburg,5-9 oktjabrja 2015 goda) Vypusk 1 / Otv. red. M.S. Salikov. Ekaterinburg, 2016. – S. 202-208.
9. Habrieva T.Ja. K voprosu o meste rossijskogo parlamentskogo prava v sisteme prava // Parlamentskie procedury: problemy Rossii i zarubezhnyj opyt.– M., 2003. – S. 21-29.
10. Chertkov A.N., Kistrinova O.V. Dogovornyj aspekt razgranichenija polnomochij v RF: istorija i sovremennost' // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. –2014. – # 8. – S. 16-24.
11. Chirkin V.E. Territorija i organizacija federativnogo gosudarstva // Federalizm: teorija, instituty, otnoshenija (sravnitel'no-pravovoe issledovanie) /Otv. red. B.N. Topornin. – M.: Jurist", 2001. – 376 s.
12. Shirjaev Ju.E. Principy zakonotvorcheskogo processa: metodologija ponimanija i klassifikacija// Uchenye zapiski Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo social'nogo universiteta. – 2012. – # 5 (105). – S.149-153.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Shvets L.V.
The modern transformation of the electoral process of the Russian Federation
The article examines the concept and methods of transforming the electoral process. In the course of the study, it was concluded that there was no complete definition of the phenomenon, that why a new understanding of the analyzed term was proposed. Also, three ways of implementing the transformation of the electoral process and their essential content were identified. The relevance of the work lies in the need to develop and massively use the findings in order to build effective activities within the electoral system in accordance with the preferences of the citizens of the Russian Federation and modern public relations.
Keywords: elections, electoral process, multi-day voting, e-voting, electoral law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gel'man V. Ja. Vtoroj jelektoral'nyj cikl v Rossii (1999-2000 gg.) / Pod red. V. Ja. Gel'mana, G. V. Golosova, E. Ju. Meleshkinoj. – M.: Izd-vo «Ves' mir», 2002. – 216 s.
2. Il'in M. V. Modelirovanie // Struktura i dinamika rossijskogo jelektoral'nogo prostranstva. Kruglyj stol // Polis. – 2000. – # 2. – S. 87-88.
3. Kukushkin M. I. Ponjatie i struktura izbiratel'nogo processa / M. I. Kukushkin, A. A. Jugov.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.midural.ru/izbircom/journal/2/kukush.html(data obrashhenija: 13.11.2020).
4. Leonchenko Je. Jelektronnyj jeksperiment. Pervye itogi // Aktual'nye kommentarii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://actualcomment.ru/elektronnyy-eksperiment-pervye-itogi-2009251021.html (data obrashhenija: 05.11.2020).
5. Pishhulin N. P. Politicheskoe liderstvo i jelektoral'nyj process // Polis. – 1998. – # 5. – S. 145-153.
6. Troshina N. V. Faktor imidzha v rossijskom jelektoral'nom processe: Avtoref. dis. … kand. polit. nauk. – Saratov, 2001. – 209 s.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Anufrikov A. A.
“Mass events” – genesis, history, and modernity municipal law
This article examines the appearance of the term “mass event” in different historical periods. In particular, the lack of a definition of the concept of “mass events” in the legislation of the past and modern legislation of the Russian Federation is indicated. The article discusses the definitions of “mass event” proposed by various authors and offers mandatory conditions for the event to be mass, characterizes existing problems and suggests ways to solve them.
Keywords: mass events, rallies, demonstrations, marches and picketing, public organizations, socio-political events, cultural events, sports events.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii. Prinjata Vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 g. (s posled. izmen. na 01. 07. 2020 # 1-FKZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stv RF. 2014. # 31. St. 4398.
2. O referendume Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj zakon ot 28. 06. 2004 (s posled. izmen. na 18. 06. 2017 # 1-FKZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2004. # 27. St. 2710.
3. O policii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 07 fevralja 2011 # 3. (s posled. izmen. na 06. 02. 2020 # 12-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2011. # 7. St. 900.
4. O sobranijah, mitingah, demonstracijah, shestvijah i piketirovanijah: Federal'nyj zakon ot 19 ijunja 2004 # 54 (s posled. izmen. na 11. 10. 2018 # 367-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2004. # 25. St. 2485.
5. O protivodejstvii jekstremistskoj dejatel'nosti
 ot 25 ijulja 2002 (s posled. izmen na 31. 07. 2020 # 299-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. # 30. St. 3031.
6. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Socialisticheskoj Federativnoj Sovetskoj Respubliki ot 10 ijulja 1918 g.// SU RSFSR. 1918. # 51. St. 582.
7. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Socialisticheskoj Federativnoj Sovetskoj Respubliki ot 5 dekabrja 1936 g.// Izvestija CIK SSSR i VCIK. 1936. # 283.
8. Konstitucija Sojuza Sovetskih Socialisticheskih respublik ot 7 oktjabrja 1977 g. // SZ SSSR. 1990. T. 3. S. 14.
9. Manifest Nikolaja II ob usovershenstvovanii gosudarstvennogo porjadka ot 17 oktjabrja 1905 g. // Vedomosti SPb. 18.10.1905.
10. Alojan A.M., Jeglit V.I. Pravovoe regulirovanie ohrany obshhestvennogo porjadka pri provedenii 15 massovyh meroprijatij // Administrativno-pravovye problemy ohrany obshhestvennogo porjadka. M.,1987.
11. Karahanov N.V. Upravlenie gorrajorganami vnutrennih del pri provedenii massovyh meroprijatij. M., 1992.
12. Kononov A.M., Pozhidaev S.G. K voprosu o vvedenii v juridicheskij oborot ponjatija administrativno-pravovogo rezhima krupnomasshtabnogo massovogo meroprijatija // Trudy akademii upravlenija MVD Rossii. M., 2010. # 4.
13. Larin V.V. Ponjatie administrativno-pravovoj ohrany obshhestvennogo porjadka pri provedenii massovyh meroprijatij // Teorija i praktika sovershenstvovanija ohrany obshhestvennogo porjadka. M., 1985.
14. Redkous V.M. Osobennosti pravovogo regulirovanija organizacii i provedenija massovyh meroprijatij v gosudarstvah-uchastnikah SNG (v kontekste obespechenija nacional'noj bezopasnosti) // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. 2010. # 1 (61). S. 93-97.
15. Redkous V.M., Shernjaev S.I., Poljanskaja I.S., Akimova S.A. Pravovoe regulirovanie organizacii i provedenija massovyh meroprijatij: opyt Rossii i gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG: monografija / pod obshh. red. V.M. Redkousa. Pjatigorsk: RIA-KMV, 2008. 259 s.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Belova O.A.
Interaction of the internal affairs and the MFC in the provision of state and municipal services
The article analyzes the interaction between the institutions of the MFC and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, analyzes the forms and methods of such interaction, the regulatory framework for such interaction. The author examines the legal characteristics and structure of agreements governing the procedure for interaction between the MFC and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, provides the provisions of some agreements between the regional Ministry of Internal Affairs and the MFC, unified by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation. One of the problems considered is the collision of the terms of consideration of applications submitted through the MFC and applications submitted in accordance with Federal Law No. 59 and their interpretation from the point of view of equality of subjects submitting applications to state bodies. The problem of the great technological backwardness of the information bases of some
departments of the Ministry of Internal Affairs was also identified, which prevents the transition to a digital format of interaction with the MFC.
Keywords: multifunctional center, interaction, interdepartmental inquiry, administrative and legal status, applicant citizen, state or municipal service, agreement, internal affairs bodies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30 dekabrja 2001 g. # 195-FZ // RG. – 31.12.2001. – # 256.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 2 maja 2006 g. # 59-FZ «O porjadke rassmotrenija obrashhenij grazhdan Rossijskoj Federacii» // RG. – 05.05.2006 g. – # 95.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27 ijulja 2010 g. # 210-FZ «Ob organizacii predostavlenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh uslug» // RG. – 30.07.2010 g. – # 168.
4. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 27 sentjabrja 2011 g. # 797 «O vzaimodejstvii mezhdu mnogofunkcional'nymi centrami predostavlenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh uslug i federal'nymi organami ispolnitel'noj vlasti, organami gosudarstvennyh vnebjudzhetnyh fondov, organami gosudarstvennoj vlasti sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii, organami mestnogo samoupravlenija» // RG.– 05.10.2011 g. – # 222.
5. Klimovskih N. V., Ratova A. A., Agarkova E. S. Osobennosti organizacii predostavlenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh uslug v mnogofunkcional'nyh centrah // Jekonomika i biznes: teorija i praktika. – 2018. – # 4.
6. Kurbatova O. V. Gosudarstvennye uslugi v uslovijah cifrovizacii gosudarstvennogo upravlenija //Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2020. – # 4. – S. 186-189.
7. Filatova M. M. Sistema okazanija gosudarstvennyh municipal'nyh uslug v mnogofunkcional'nom centre // Nauchnye trudy Moskovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. – 2019. – # 2.
8. Kurash A. Slozhnosti integracii: kakoe budushhee zhdet MFC? – 18.11.2016 g. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.cnews.ru/articles/2016-11-18_kakoe_budushchee_zhdet_mfts.
9. Soglashenie o vzaimodejstvii mezhdu GBU UMFC po Nizhegorodskoj oblasti i GU MVD RF po Nizhegorodskoj oblasti ot 27.08.2018 g. – Spravochnaja-pravovaja sistema Konsul'tant Pljus.
10. Soglashenie o vzaimodejstvii mezhdu MVD po respublike Severnaja Osetija-Alanija i MFC po okazaniju gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh uslug po respublike Severnaja Osetija-Alanija. – Spravochno-pravovaja sistema Konsul'tant Pljus.
11. Soglashenie o vzaimodejstvii mezhdu MFC i UMVD RF po Penzenskoj oblasti ot 05.08.2016 g. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://58.xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/document/10286678.
12. Upravlenie MVD Rossii po Vladimirskoj oblasti. Perechen' gosudarstvennyh uslug, predostavljaemyh v MFC. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://33.xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/citizens.
13. Upravlenie MVD po Lipeckoj oblasti. Vzaimodejstvie s MFC – 24.03.2016 g. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://48.xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/news/item/7447244.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Gibadullin R.S., Tokmakov M.A.
Subsidiary liability of members of management bodies in case of administrative exclusion of an organization from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities
The article is devoted to the possibility of bringing controlling persons to subsidiary liability, established in the legislation on limited liability companies, in the event that the company is excluded from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities in an administrative manner by decision of the registering authority. The paper analyzes the current positions of the Judicial Collegium for Economic Disputes of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, as well as the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation in order to identify problems in the application of the institution of bringing to subsidiary liability of persons controlling a company excluded from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities.
Keywords: subsidiary liability, limited liability company, administrative exclusion from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities, controlling persons, distribution of the burden of proof.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Gutieva I.G.
The procedure for the application of an administrative fine as a type of administrative punishment
An administrative fine is one of the most popular punishments in the context of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation. In fact, it can be said that administrative fines are applied more often than any other types of sanctions. Administrative fines are applied to legal entities and officials, individuals (citizens). In this article, we will try to understand how administrative fines are executed and how they are assigned. And are there alternative sanctions options.
Keywords: punishment, administrative fine, sanction, imposition, appointment, administrative offense.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 17.05.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 20.05.2021). - St. 3,4, 3.5, 4.1.
2. Obzor praktiki KS RF za IV kvartal 2020 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 20.05.2021). - P. 8. - Abz. 2.
3. Opredelenie Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 18.09.2020 # 309-JeS20-13559 po delu # A60-61104/2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 20.05.2021)
4. Ivankova N. A. Problemy primenenija administrativnyh nakazanij i puti sovershenstvovanija zakonodatel'stva // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. – 2020. -# 7. - S. 618-625.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Malaev A.H.
On the question of the main signs of administrative offenses
In the article, the author examines the attitude of society to administrative offenses. The question of the concept of “administrative offense” is revealed. The author emphasizes that the complexity of this type of offense increases due to the fact that many citizens do not know the basics of administrative legislation, and do not pay attention to the violation of the prohibitions imposed by them. The main attention is paid to the identification of the composition of the offense and its main features.
Keywords: administrative offense, legislation, the composition of the offense, signs.
Work bibliographic list
1. Davydov A. N. Sovremennoe ponjatie administrativnogo pravonarushenija // Voprosy ustojchivogo razvitija obshhestva. - 2020. - # 6. - S. 292-296.
2. Kosarenko N. N., Medeev M. R. Administrativnoe pravonarushenie. Predmet i zadachi zakonodatel'stva ob administrativnom pravonarushenii. // Predstavitel'naja vlast' - XXI vek: zakonodatel'stvo, kommentarii, problemy. - 2006. - # 3. - S. 33-35.
3. Kunc D. A. Administrativnoe pravonarushenie. //NovaUm.Ru. - 2017. - # 10. - S. 243-245.
4. Nagornyh R. V., Tesalovskij S. S. Problemy ponjatija maloznachitel'nosti administrativnyh pravo-narushenij. // Ius Publicum et Privatum. - 2020. - # 2(7). - S. 7-11.
5. Nobel' A. R. Ponjatie, pravovaja priroda i priznaki principov proizvodstva po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah. //Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. - 2020. - T. 15. - # 5 (114).- S. 28-34.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Mamleeva D. R., Zheleznyak A. A.
The institute of administrative punishment in the activities of the district police commissioner
The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the activities of the district police commissioner for the appointment of certain types of administrative penalties. The authors provide statistical data describing the powers of the district police commissioner in the framework of proceedings on administrative offenses.
Keywords: administrative punishment, district police commissioner, administrative offenses, resolution.
Workbibliographiclist
1. O nesenii sluzhby uchastkovym upolnomochennym policii na obsluzhivaemom administrativnom uchastke i organizacii jetoj dejatel'nosti: prikaz MVD Rossii ot 29 marta 2019 goda # 205. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 20.05.2021).
2. Godovoj otchet o hode realizacii i ocenke jeffektivnosti gosudarstvennoj programmy «Obespechenie obshhestvennogo porjadka i protivodejstvie prestupnosti» za 2020 god. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://mvd.rf/ folder/23336403/item/23336465 (data obrashhenija: 20.05.2021).
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Pavlov N. V., Kazahetsyan G. O., Balashov E. M.
Actual problems of administrative proceedings in the Russian Federation
The work is aimed at considering the consequences of the adoption of the CAS. On the one hand, the adoption of such an important regulatory legal act as the CAS is a positive moment. The exercise of public power received procedural regulation and it became possible to effectively protect the rights and interests of citizens and legal entities. On the other hand, there are concerns about the effectiveness of this Code, not only in doctrine, but also in practice. Nevertheless, it is partly incorrect to reduce the assessment of the law only to its effectiveness. That is why discussion of issues and problems faced by administrative justice is important and necessary. Of course, this topic is relevant at the present time.
Keywords: administrative law, administrative justice, administrative proceedings.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks administrativnogo sudoproizvodstva Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 08.03.2015 # 21-FZ (red. Ot 08.12.2020).
2. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah» ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 20.04.2021).
3. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 15 aprelja 2008 g. # 314-O-O [Determination of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation # 314-O-O of April 15, 2008] (Feb. 20, 2017). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://doc.ksrf.ru/decision/
KSRFDecision17349.pdf.
4. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 19 ijunja 2007 g. # 389-O-O [Determination of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation # 389-O-O of June 19, 2007] (Feb. 20, 2017). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://doc.ksrf.ru/decision/KSRFDecision16458.pdf.
5. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 24 nojabrja 2005 g. # 508-O [Determination of theConstitutional Court of the Russian Federation # 508-O of November 24, 2005] (Feb. 20, 2017). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://doc.ksrf.ru/decision/KSRFDecision31176.pdf.
6. Bel'chik A. M., Pavlov N. V. Administrativnyj porjadok zashhity grazhdanskih prav i interesov //Nekotorye problemy, voznikajushhie v processe ih realizacii. VAK. 2020. S. 6.
7. Zherebcov A. N., Pavlov N. V. Voprosy sushhnosti i pravoprimenitel'nogo znachenija administrativnoj praktiki // VAK. 2019. S. 3.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Rothko M. A., Britan S. A., Pavlov N. V.
Features of the application of administrative penalties to legal entities
Most legal entities have subordinate positions in the area of administrative law. Most of the norms of the Code of Administrative Offenses and other regulatory legal acts are imperative in nature and imply the imposition of sanctions determined by law for noncompliance.
At the same time, it is important to understand the specifics of legal entities as subjects of law and the fact that some types of punishment are virtually impossible to apply to them, or it will not lead to the achievement of the goals of punishment as such.
Keywords: legal entities, sanctions, fine, warning, confiscation of the instrument of commission or the subject of an administrative offense, suspension of activity.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Grishakov A. G. Feljaev E. A. Osobennosti ispolnenija preduprezhdenija i administrativnogo shtrafa kak vidov nakazanija za administrativnye pravonarushenija // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2012. – T. 55. – # 3 – S. 35-38.
2. Zherebcov A. N., Pavlov N. V. Voprosy sushhnosti i pravoprimenitel'nogo znachenija administrativnoj praktiki // Lex Russica. – 2019. – # 3 (148). – S.34-42.
3. Keramova S. N. Nekotorye osobennosti naznachenija administrativnogo nakazanija v vide konfiskacii orudija sovershenija ili predmeta administrativnogo pravonarushenija // Zakon i pravo. – 2020. – #9. – S. 172-174.
4. Minashkin G. G Administrativnyj shtraf, naznachennyj organami administrativnoj jurisdikcii:problemy prinuditel'nogo ispolnenija i puti reshenija // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. – 2014.– # 3. – S. 76-81.
5. Minashkin G. G. Administrativnoe priostanovlenie dejatel'nosti: problemy primenenija administrativnogo nakazanija // Juridicheskaja nauka. –2014. – # 4. – S. 72-77.
6. Pavlov N. V., Perederij A. A. Osobennosti ustanovlenija administrativnoj otvetstvennosti dlja juridicheskih lic pri sovershenii pravonarushenij, posjagajushhih na interesy potrebitelja //Colloquium-journal. – 2020. – # 12 (64). – S. 42–44.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Chernov Yu. I., Demirova A. V., Andreev A. A.
Informatization of administrative proceedings as a vector of the Russian judicial law development
This work covers the topics devoted to the informatization of administrative proceedings. The author examines the essence and content of such concepts as «administrative proceedings» and «informatization». Along with this, an analysis was made of existing programs and systems that are part of the general process of informatization of administrative court proceedings. The article
examines the opinions of various jurists and practitioners. At the same time, the article contains author’s proposals, which are aimed at improving the process of informatization of administrative proceedings.
Keywords: administrative legal proceedings, informatization, litigation, automated system.
Work bibliographic list
1. Koncepcija informatizacii sudov obshhej jurisdikcii i sistemy Sudebnogo departamenta, utverzhdennaja postanovleniem Soveta sudej Rossijskoj Federacii ot 11 aprelja 2002 g. # 75. Opublikovana v mashinochitaemom vide NTC «Sistema».
2. Omarov M. D. Informacionnye sistemy v organah sudebnoj vlasti: jetapy, praktika, primenenie //Vestnik DGTU. Tehnicheskie nauki. - 2014. - # 1.
3. Prosvirnin Ju. G. Informatizacija sudov obshhej jurisdikcii // Sudebnaja vlast' i ugolovnyj process. - 2012. - # 1.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Khamizova S. A.
Procedure for bringing drivers to responsibility for driving under the influence of alcohol
This article discusses the issues of legal regulation and the procedure for bringing drivers to justice for driving under the influence of alcohol. A summary of statistical data in relation to road traffic accidents committed by drivers under the influence of alcohol is carried out. The features of drafting procedural documents in the course of administrative proceedings are analyzed. The legal consequences of administrative liability in this category of cases are studied.
Keywords: offense, protocol on administrative offense, suspension from driving a vehicle, detention, traffic accident.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Zhuravlev V. V. Administrativno-pravovye mery protivodejstvija upravleniju transportnym sredstvom voditelem v sostojanii, sozdajushhem ugrozu bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk:12.00.14. – M., 2021. - 222 s.
2. Preduprezhdenie faktov upravlenija transportnym sredstvom v sostojanii op'janenija na jetapah poluchenija, priostanovlenija, prekrashhenija i vozobnovlenija prava na upravlenie transportnym sredstvom: monografija / K. S. Bakanov, A. A. Burcev. – M.: FKU «NC BDD MVD Rossii», 2021. – 150 s.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Malaev A. H.
On the problem of identifying grounds for initiating cases of administrative offenses
The article analyzes the grounds on which authorized persons can initiate a case on an administrative offense. The main signs of violation of administrative legislation are investigated. The main attention is paid to the problem of the institution of instituting proceedings on an administrative offense and the views of modern researchers on its place in the system of administrative law. The author studies the problems of the main stages of initiating cases of an administrative offense.
Keywords: initiation of a case, stage, legal institution, offense, basis.
Work bibliographic list
1. Drozd A. O. O nekotoryh voprosah stadii vozbuzhdenija dela ob administrativnom pravonarushenii. // Aktual'nye problemy bor'by s prestuplenijami i inymi pravonarushenijami. - 2015.- # 15-1. - S. 243-246.
2. Kisin V. R., Popugaev Ju. I. Povody i osnovanija vozbuzhdenija del ob administrativnom pravonarushenii: sostojanie i optimizacija pravovogo regulirovanija. // Nauchnyj portal MVD Rossii. - 2014.- # 3 (27). - S. 57-61.
3. Maskal'skaja A. N., Safronov V. V. Vozbuzhdenie dela kak stadija administrativnogo rassledovanija.// Vestnik nauchnyh konferencij. - 2016. - # 10-5(14). - S. 99-102.
4. Senatova E. V., Zakopyrin V. N. Zadachi proizvodstva po delu ob administrativnom pravonarushenii i neotvratimost' administrativnogo nakazanija na stadii vozbuzhdenija i rassmotrenija dela. //Vestnik Permskogo instituta FSIN Rossii. - 2020.- # 2 (37). - S. 95-99.
5. Torinec E. A., Makovej V. A. Vozbuzhdenie dela ob administrativnom pravonarushenii, sostavlenie protokolov ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah. // Jekonomika. Pravo. Pechat'. Vestnik KSJeI.- 2017. - # 1-2 (73-74). - S. 121-127.5
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Shaposhnikov S. G.
Administrative supervision of persons released from places of deprivation of liberty as an institution of administrative law
The article analyzes the legal nature of administrative supervision of persons released from prison. Reflects the industry affiliation and position in the legal system. Various points of view on the legal affiliation of the institute of administrative supervision are considered. The article substantiates the administrative and legal affiliation of administrative supervision over persons released from places of deprivation of liberty. The administrative-legal component is reasoned by administrative-legal methods and means.
Keywords: administrative supervision, administrative and legal institute, legal institute, released from places of deprivation of liberty.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aleksandrov N. G. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik. – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M., 1974. – 664 s.
2. Alekseev S. S. Struktura sovetskogo prava. – M.: «Jurid. lit.», 1975. – 264 s.
3. Argunov V. V. Proizvodstvo po delam ob administrativnom nadzore – novaja kategorija del v ramkah grazhdanskogo sudoproizvodstva // Juridicheskij mir. – 2012. – # 6. – S. 32-40.
4. Astahova A. O. Social'no-pravovaja obuslovlennost' instituta administrativnogo nadzora // Vestnik Sibirskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2017. – # 2. – S. 86-93.
5. Astahova A. O., Galimova M. A. Reglamentacija postpenitenciarnogo nadzora po zakonodatel'stvu Rossijskoj Federacii i Respubliki Belarus' //Vestnik Sibirskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2018. – # 4. – S. 111-117.
6. Bagrij-Shahmatov L. V. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' i nakazanie. – Minsk: Vysshaja shk., 1976. – 384 s.
7. Bahrah D. N. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost' i garantii ee zakonnosti. – Perm', 1972. – 155 s.
8. Beketov O. I., Majle A. D., Red'ko N. L. Sravnitel'no-pravovaja harakteristika policejskogo nadzora za povedeniem lic, osvobozhdennyh iz mest lishenija svobody, po Rossijskomu i zarubezhnomu zakonodatel'stvu // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2011. – # 9.– S. 57-68.
9. Kalinina T. M. Pravila primenenija administrativnogo nadzora // Administrativnoe pravo i process. – 2013. – # 9. – S. 44-49.
10. Kirjuhin V. V. Administrativnaja dejatel'nost' policii po profilaktike pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih: istoricheskie, teoreticheskie i pravovye aspekty. – M.: OOO «SAM Poligrafist», 2019. – 256 s.
11. Kokorev A. N. Administrativnyj nadzor za licami, osvobozhdennymi iz mest lishenija svobody, i problemy ego osushhestvlenija // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2011. – # 8. – S. 239-243.
12. Krymov A. A. Administrativnyj nadzor za licami, osvobozhdennymi iz ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij, kak institut ugolovno-ispolnitel'nogo i policejskogo prava // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. – 2013. – # 1. – S. 35-37.
13. Pamjatniki rossijskogo prava. V 35 t. T. 32. Ispravitel'no-trudovye kodeksy RSFSR: uchebno-nauchnoe posobie / pod obshh. red. dok. jurid. nauk, prof. R. L. Hachaturova, dokt. jurid. nauk, doc. Ju. V. Ospennikova. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2017. – 344 s.
14. Uvarov M. A. Opredelenie administrativnyh pravonarushenij v sfere ohrany sobstvennosti v kontekste reformirovanija administrativno-deliktnogo zakonodatel'stva // Vestnik Voronezhskogo in-ta MVD Rossii. – 2016. – # 2. – S. 107.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Danilova D. A., Skachkova O. S.
Challenging of cadastral valuation of real estate:procedure and feature
The article is devoted to the analysis of the new legal order and the features of challenging the cadastral valuation of real estate; the problematic issues that arise at the main stages of challenging the assessment are indicated, the priority directions of the development of legal relations emerging in this area are sanctified. Attention is also paid to the study of the legal regulation, directly, in the state cadastral valuation of land and other real estate objects, consideration of the competence of the courts to challenge the decision of a budget institution adopted following the consideration of an appeal to correct technical and (or) methodological errors made in determining the cadastral value.
Keywords: cadastral value, market value, cadastral valuation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O gosudarstvennoj kadastrovoj ocenke» ot 03.07.2016 # 237-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:SPS «Konsul'tant pljus». - St. 6.
2. Kodeks administrativnogo sudoproizvodstva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 08.03.2015 # 21-FZ (red. Ot 08.12.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
3. Postanovlenie Plenuma VS #28 «O nekotoryh voprosah, voznikajushhih pri rassmotrenii sudami, del ob osparivanii rezul'tatov opredelenija kadastrovoj stoimosti ob"ektov nedvizhimosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
4. Aseev S. A. Proceduru osparivanija kadastrovoj stoimosti nedvizhimosti uprostjat s 2021 goda //Jelektronnyj zhurnal TASS.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Tats D. M.
Practice of introducing innovative technologies and new products into banking activities
In a market economy, in order to increase competitiveness, gain a larger market share and efficient development, banks must not only expand their operational capabilities, but also conduct active innovation. In this regard, the criteria for innovative development and competitive potential in the national context are important elements for studying and identifying their features with the real economy and the banking environment.
Keywords: Innovative technologies, banking, regulatory technologies, banking products, banking services, credit products, risks of innovative projects.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aletdinova A. A. Metodika formirovanija innovacionnogo potenciala banka // Voprosy innovacionnoj jekonomiki. – 2018. – # 1. – S. 13-18.
2. Antjuf'ev A. G. Innovacii v bankovskoj sfere // Nauka i obrazovanie segodnja. – 2019. – # 5. – S. 18-24.
3. Bodienkova V. S. Jelektronnye innovacii v bankovskoj sfere // Jekonomika i biznes: teorija i praktika. – 2019.– # 8. – S. 12-19.
4. Galjuta O. N. Bankovskie innovacii: preimushhestvo ili ugroza // Nauka, tehnika i obrazovanie. – 2020. – #2. – S. 14-19.
5. Ermolenko O. M. Razvitie bankovskogo sektora na osnove sovremennyh tehnologij obsluzhivanija // Nauchnyj vestnik Juzhnogo instituta menedzhmenta. – 2019. – #1. – S. 19-27.
6. Luhmanova G. K. Innovacionnye produkty i uslugi v bankah // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2017. – # 11 (145). – S. 234-238.
7. Oficial'nyj sajt Banka Rossii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.cbr.ru/fintech/ (data obrashhenija: 10.06.2021).
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Shpak A. A.
Problems of legal regulation of educational activities in the Russian Federation
Educational activities need to be regulated in order to ensure universal affordable and high-quality education. In the Russianт Federation, such regulation is carried out at all levels. Unfortunately, it has drawbacks: both quantitative (a large amount of regulatory material) and qualitative (extended regulatory limits, problems of legal technology). One of the ways to eliminate them can be the implementation of the mechanism of the regulatory guillotine. The article also presents other directions for solving the identified problems.
Keywords: educational law, educational activity, normative regulation, regulatory problems, regulatory guillotine.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 g. s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01 ijulja 2020 g. ). – Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». – Tekst: jelektronnyj.
2. Ob obrazovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii: Feder. zakon ot 29.12.2012 # 273-FZ (red. ot 30.04.2021). –Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». – Tekst: jelektronnyj.
3. O vnesenii izmenenij v nekotorye prikazy Ministerstva nauki i vysshego obrazovanija Rossijskoj Federacii, kasajushhiesja provedenija gosudarstvennoj itogovoj attestacii po obrazovatel'nym programmam vysshego obrazovanija: prikaz Ministerstva nauki i vysshego obrazovanija Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27 marta 2020 g. # 490 – Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». – Tekst: jelektronnyj.
4. Reestr normativnyh pravovyh aktov, otmenjaemyh v ramkah realizacii mehanizma «reguljatornoj gil'otiny» i podlezhashhih prinjatiju vzamen v sootvetstvii s planami-grafikami razrabotki proektov normativnyh pravovyh aktov v sfere vysshego obrazovanija i sootvetstvujushhego dopolnitel'nogo professional'nogo obrazovanija. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://minobrnauki.gov.ru/documents/?ELEMENT_ID=18409&sphrase_id=23885. – Tekst: jelektronnyj.
5. Baranov P. P. Pozitivistskoe pravoponimanie v juridicheskoj nauke, praktike i povsednevnoj zhizni sovremennoj Rossii // Rossijskij zhurnal pravovyh issledovanij. 2015. T. 2. # 4 (5). S. 7-14.
6. Karnomazova A. A., Ostapec O. G. Pravo na obrazovanie v kontekste nacional'nogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennosti: nauka i obshhestvo. 2019. # 1. S. 77-82.
7. Oficial'nyj sajt Administracii Vladivostoka. Social'naja sfera. Obrazovanie. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.vlc.ru/socialsphere/cityeducation – Tekst: jelektronnyj.
8. Pashencev D. A. Obrazovatel'noe pravo: uchebnik.M.: INFRA-M, 2018. 180 s.
9. Prezentacija «Reguljatornaja gil'otina» v sfere vysshego obrazovanija». – Ministerstvo nauki i vysshego obrazovanija Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://minobrnauki.gov.ru/documents/?ELEMENT_ID=18410&sphrase_id=8178. – Tekst: jelektronnyj.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Shchetkova D. D.
Some issues of countering the smuggling of strategically important goods and resources
This article discusses some issues of countering the smuggling of strategically important goods and resources. The list of normative legal acts regulating this sphere of legal relations is analyzed. The statistical data of the most frequent facts of contraband manifestations on certain objects are given. On the basis of the conducted research, possible ways of solving the identified problem of illegal export of timber, as the most criminogenic sphere, causing maximum harm to economic and national security, are proposed.
Keywords: smuggling, strategically important goods and resources, criminal liability, customs authorities, customs border, export, economic harm, criminal environment, federal budget, countering smuggling.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nezakonnaja rubka lesnyh nasazhdenij // Federal'noe agentstvo lesnogo hozjajstva. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.rosleshoz.gov.ru(data obrashhenija: 29.05.2021).
2. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://customsonline.ru/5732-fts-rossii-osnovnye-itogidejatelnosti-za-11-mesjacev-2020-goda.html.
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Kodzokov B. V., Fedina L. M.
The legal aspect of the expert evaluation of the execution of the state (municipal) contract
The article is devoted to the analysis and legal assessment of the fulfillment of the obligation to supply goods, perform works, provide services, in the range of legal regulation of the Federal contract system and innovations introduced by the legislation in the last five years. The legal mechanism of acceptance performed under the contract is considered in detail. Separately, the customer’s obligation to engage an expert to assess the quality and compliance of the delivered goods (work performed, services rendered) with the terms of the contract is highlighted. As a result of the study, it is concluded that there is insufficient elaboration and legal regulation of the personality and activities of an expert in this field.
Keywords: public procurement, expertise, evaluation, customer, delivery of goods, performance of works, provision of services, contract.
Workbibliographiclist
1. O kontraktnoj sisteme v sfere zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlja obespechenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd: feder. zakon ot 05.04.2013 #44-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2013. – #14. – St. 1652.
2. Eremushkin A. A. Mery povyshenija kachestva tovarov, zakupaemyh v ramkah federal'noj kontraktnoj sistemy gosudarstvennogo zakaza // Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2015.– # 1 (356). – S. 13.
3. Oficial'nyj sajt Edinoj informacionnoj sistemy v sfere zakupok. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.zakupki.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 31.05.2021).
4. Suharenko A. N. Federal'naja kontraktnaja sistema– zalog prozrachnosti goszakupok // Juridicheskij mir. – 2013. – # 8. – S. 16-20.
5. Shamhalov F. I., Kankulov M. H. Problemy zakonodatel'nogo i normativnogo regulirovanija cenoobrazovanija na vooruzhenie i voennuju tehniku// Izvestija Tul'skogo gos. un-ta. Jekonomicheskie i juridicheskie nauki. – 2011. – # 3. – S. 232-243.
6. Shal'man O. V. Problemy primenenija antimonopol'nogo zakonodatel'stva i zakonodatel'stva o razmeshhenii zakazov // Kommentarij sudebnoj praktiki. – M.: Kontrakt, 2014. – Vyp. 18. – S. 8-21.
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Kurdyuk P. M., Arhireeva A. S.,
Pastuhov M. M., Popenko M. S.
The concept and essence of multi-day voting (municipal legal aspect)
This paper analyzes the conceptual aspects of the new institution of electoral law - multi-day voting. Based on the analysis of the essence of multi-day voting, the author’s definition of the investigated legal category was developed. The characteristic features of the legal institution of multi-day voting are given. The author’s vision on the topic under study is proposed.
Keywords: suffrage, multi-day voting, form of holding elections and referendums.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dal' V. I. Tolkovyj slovar' zhivogo velikorusskogo jazyka: V 4 ch. - SPb., 1863-1866.
2. Enikeev A. A., Stanishevskij A. I. Svoboda voli v filosofii i jurisprudencii: analiz, sravnenie, problematika // Filosofija prava. - 2018. - # 2 (85).- S. 92-99.
3. Enikeev A. A., Shapovalov A. V. Juridicheskaja i filosofskaja germenevtika: sravnitel'nyj analiz// Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 2(141). - S. 104-108.
4. Kurdjuk P. M., Pavlov N. V., Ochakovskij V. A. Pravovoe regulirovanie vzaimodejstvija organov gosudarstvennogo i municipal'nogo upravlenija: monografija. - Krasnodar, 2019.
5. Kurdjuk P. M., Ochakovskij V. A., Liholatov G. S. O probleme izbranija glavy municipal'nogo obrazovanija «konkursnym» sposobom // Obshhestvo i pravo.- 2018. - # 2 (64). - S. 133-136.
6. Kurdjuk P. M., Uporov I. V., Arhireeva A. S. Polnomochija organov mestnogo samoupravlenija po obespecheniju izbiratel'nyh prav zhitelej municipal'nogo obrazovanija // Obshhestvo i pravo. - 2019. - # 3(69). - S. 156-159.
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Grudnov D. V.
Methodology for evaluating the efficiency of management of the land and property complex of a municipality
The article is devoted to the development of methods, which will allow to estimate the efficiency of management of the land and property complex at the level of municipal formations. In article the analysis of a condition of a land and property complex of municipal formations that allows to define the most effective methods of management, to find out both strong, and weak parties rendering direct influence on efficiency of management by a land and property complex at a local level is spent. An approach to innovative, step-by-step evaluation of the effectiveness of management of the land and property complex of a municipality is proposed. The use of the proposed assessment methodology will allow the most objective assessment of the effectiveness of management of the land and property complex, which in turn will save assessment time, detect problems of municipalities in the land and property sphere and based on the experience of more successful neighbors, develop the most effective methods of solving problems.
Keywords: land and property complex, efficiency assessment, innovative development, municipal education.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Barsukova G. N., Litra E. N. Novaja model' upravlenija sistemoj zemleustrojstva // Sovremennye problemy i perspektivy razvitija zemel'no-imushhestvennyh otnoshenij: Sbornik statej po materialam II Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Krasnodar, 24 aprelja 2020 goda / Otv. za vypusk E. V. Jarockaja.– Krasnodar: Kubanskij gosudarstvennyj agrarnyj universitet imeni I. T. Trubilina, 2020. – S. 276-281.
2. Kustysheva I. N. Analiz razrabotki mehanizma kadastrovogo ucheta edinogo nedvizhimogo kompleksa (ENK)// International Agricultural Journal. – 2021. – # 1. – S. 21-
33. DOI 10.24411/2588-0209-2021-10290.
3. Nikulina A. A., Nikulin A. A., Hametov T. I. Problema issledovanija istorij formirovanija zemel'nyh uchastkov pri opredelenii ih granic //Vektor jekonomiki. – 2019. – # 1 (31). – S. 98.
4. Rogatnev Ju. M. Perspektivnye napravlenija razvitija zemel'no-imushhestvennym kompleksom goroda// Zemleustrojstvo, kadastr i monitoring zemel'.– 2020. – # 6. – S. 11-15.
5. Rogatnev Ju. M., Razumov V. I., Garafutdinova L. V. Logika raboty s ponjatijami v izuchenii zemel'no-imushhestvennogo kompleksa // Jelektronnyj nauchno-metodicheskij zhurnal Omskogo GAU. – 2017. – # 4 (11). – S. 12-22.
6. Saharovskaja E. C., Perevalova V. V. Zemel'nye resursy v sisteme upravlenija zemel'no- imushhestvennymi otnoshenijami municipal'nogo obrazovanija// Social'no-jekonomicheskoe razvitie Rossii i Mongolii: problemy i perspektivy: Materialy VII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Ulan-Udje, 11 ijunja 2020 goda. – Ulan-Udje:Vostochno-Sibirskij gosudarstvennyj universitet tehnologij i upravlenija, 2020. – S. 225-228.
7. Hametov T. I. Ocenka jeffektivnosti sistemy upravlenija zemel'no-imushhestvennym kompleksom// Upravlenie zemel'no-imushhestvennymi otnoshenijami: Materialy X Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Penza, 20–21 nojabrja 2014 goda / Orgkomitet: Zhigulin I. A., Hametov T. I., Bubnov D. B., Tarakanov O. V., Chursin A. I. – Penza:Penzenskij gosudarstvennyj universitet arhitektury i stroitel'stva. 2014. – S. 311-316.
8. Shkarubo S. N. Land use system in Russia: history and contemporary // Agrarian History. – 2020. – # 1. – S. 14-20. – DOI 10.52270/27132447_2020_1_14.
 
ENTREPRENEURIAL LAW
Zubkov V. N., Guseva I. I.
Features of the methodology of the planned risk-based audit by the regional control and supervisory authority in the field of construction
The article deals with the methodology of conducting scheduled inspections by the regional supervisory authority in the field of construction in the context of applying a risk-based approach.
The authors pay attention to the content of the various stages of preparation and implementation of the planned audit. The article reveals the features of the verification methodology in the context of the reform of control and supervisory activities in the field of construction, reconstruction of capital construction objects, based on a new coordinate system in the relationship between control (supervisory) state bodies and controlled persons, the method of remote interaction of the parties. The analysis of methods of conducting scheduled inspections in the form of an inspection visit and an on-site inspection in remote mode is given.
Keywords: regional state control, construction supervision, object of control, construction subject, verification steps.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Dobroljubova E.I., Juzhakov V.N. Ocenka rezul'tativnosti i jeffektivnosti kontrol'no-nadzornoj dejatel'nosti. // Voprosy gosudarstvennogo i municipal'nogo upravlenija. – 2015. – # 4 – S. 41-64.
2. Zubkov V.N., Guseva I.I. Nekotorye aspekty teorii i praktiki kontrol'no-nadzornoj dejatel'nosti v uslovijah reformirovanija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 3. – S. 212-214.
3. Sinjavskij N.G. O postanovke zadach vybora upravlenija s uchetom riska // Transportnoe delo Rossii. –2016. – # 4. – S. 30-33.

CIVIL LAW
Ananjeva E. O., Ivliev P. V.
On the issue of acquiring rights to ownerless things under the legislation of Russia
This paper deals with the issues of legal regulation of the acquisition by citizens of the right to ownerless things. The authors analyze the problems of Russian legislation, analyze scientific approaches to acquiring the right to such things, and consider examples of domestic and foreign experience. Based on the analysis of the current legislation, possible changes to the norms regulating this problem are proposed.
Keywords: property right, things, ownerless property, owner, right of succession, burden.
Work bibliographic list
1. Beshozjajnye veshhi. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://advokat-malov.ru/sobstvennost/beshozyajnye-veshhi.html (data obrashhenija:13.05.2021).
2. Grazhdanskoe ulozhenie Germanii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.gesetze-iminternet.de/bgb/BJNR001950896.html (data obrashhenija: 12.05.2021).
3. Kategorija: Ischeznuvshie naselennye punkty Rjazanskoj oblasti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/ (data obrashhenija: 13.05.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Bashirina E. N., Firsova N. V.,
Gilyazova A. I., Abramova S. R.
Refusal of the designated heir from the inheritance:questions of theory and practice
This article analyzes the legal mechanism of refusal of the designated heir from the inheritance. Attention is paid to the theoretical and practical aspects of the issue under consideration, the specific features inherent in the rejection of the inheritance of the designated heir are revealed.
Keywords: inheritance, heir, hereditary legal relations, substitution, civil legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' tret'ja) ot 26.11.2001 # 146-FZ (red. ot 18.03.2019) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 03.12.2001. - # 49. - St.4552.
2. Opredelenie Verhovnogo suda Respubliki Saha (Jakutija) ot 26 nojabrja 2018 g. po delu # 33-4156/2018 // Baza sudebnyh aktov, sudebnyh reshenij i normativnyh dokumentov «Sudebnye i normativnye akty RF». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/MQNFdkFtZ3JW/?regular-txt=&regularcase_doc (data obrashhenija: 02.06.2021).
3. Postanovlenie Arbitrazhnogo suda Moskovskogo okruga ot 17 marta 2020 g. po delu # A40-48650/2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tanPljus».
4. Reshenie Ejskogo gorodskogo suda ot 29 aprelja 2016g. po delu # 2–908/2016 // Baza sudebnyh aktov, sudebnyh reshenij i normativnyh dokumentov «Sudebnye i normativnye akty RF». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/MQNFdkFtZ3JW/?regular-txt=&regular-case_doc (data obrashhenija: 02.06.2021).
5. Bashirina E. N, Firsova N. V. K voprosu o sushhnosti nasledstvennoj substitucii // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. - 2021. - # 4-3(55). - S. 140-143.
6. Bashirina E. N., Firsova N. V. Uproshhennyj porjadok registracii ob"ektov nedvizhimosti // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk.- 2020. - # 10-3 (46). - S. 129-131.
7. Vagapova R. M., Firsova N. V. K voprosu ob institute podnaznachenija naslednika v Rossijskoj Federacii //Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. - 2020. - # 4-2 (43). - S. 136-139.
8. Garez A. R. Prizvanie k nasledovaniju podnaznachennyh naslednikov i realizacija imi prava na prinjatie nasledstva // Nasledstvennoe pravo. - 2013. - # 2.- S. 60.
9. Jacenko T. S. Ob"ektivnyj i sub"ektivnyj kriterij dobrosovestnosti uchastnikov nasledstvennyh pravootnoshenij // Nasledstvennoe pravo. - 2018. - # 4. - S.27-30.
 
CIVIL LAW
Vlasov V. A., Selivanov D. A., Tolstikov V. A.
Property rights of spouses: some topical issues of theory and practice
The article analyzes the peculiarities and problems of the implementation of property relations of spouses regarding their property: it examines practical problems associated with the unwillingness of spouses to peacefully settle the dispute; recognition of individual real estate objects as jointly acquired property; recognition of the property of one of the spouses as joint; the inclusion of debts in the common property of the spouses, the division of property in the family business.
Keywords: property relations of spouses; property rights of spouses, joint property of spouses, jointly acquired property, division of property of spouses, debts of spouses for obligations, family business, division of family business, marriage.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Reshenie Sovetskogo rajonnogo suda g. Novosibirska po grazhdanskomu delu # 226/2017 ot 27.04.2017 g. // Arhiv Sovetskogo rajonnogo suda g. Novosibirska.
2. Opredelenie Sovetskogo rajonnogo suda g. Novosibirska po grazhdanskomu delu # 2-26/2017 ot 31.07.2017 g. // Arhiv Sovetskogo rajonnogo suda g. Novosibirska.
3. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po grazhdanskim delam Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 24 ijunja 2014 g. #18-KG14-51 // Konsul'tant pljus: Zakonodatel'stvo (data obrashhenija: 07.05.2021).
4. Bojcova E. A., Hajlov D. A., Imushhestvennye otnoshenija suprugov i nasledstvennye problemy kak istochnik riskov dlja biznesa // Imushhestvennye otnoshenija v Rossijskoj Federacii. – M., 2020. –# 2 (221). – S. 57-65.
5. Dobrovinskij A. A. Nekotorye aspekty tolkovanija i primenenija st. 35, 39, 45 SK RF v sudebnoj praktike // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2020. – # 4 (113). – S. 63-73.
 
CIVIL LAW
Dambaeva I. V.
Digital rights as an object of civil rights
The article analyzes digital rights as an object of civil rights. Attention is drawn to the importance of amending the Civil Code of the Russian Federation in 2019 in terms of securing digital rights as an object of civil legal relations. This legislative decision is an important step for the development of the legal framework for the digital economy in Russia. At the same time, attention is drawn to the controversy of classifying digital rights as property rights. The importance of the blockchain for electronic document circulation and transactions was emphasized. Examples of new digital reality are given.
Keywords: information system, digital rights, civil rights object, blockchain, coronavirus, digital ruble.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. Chast' pervaja ot 30 nojabrja 1994 g. # 51-FZ // SZ RF. 1994. # 32. St. 3301.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15.01.2016 g. # 13 «O dopolnitel'nyh merah po ukrepleniju platjozhnoj discipliny pri osushhestvlenii raschetov s Pensionnym fondom Rossijskoj Federacii, Fondom social'nogo strahovanija Rossijskoj Federacii i Federal'nym fondom objazatel'nogo medicinskogo strahovanija» // SZ RF. 2016. # 3. St. 474.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 05.04.2013 # 44-FZ (red. Ot 31.07.2020) «O kontraktnoj sisteme v sfere zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlja obespechenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd» // SZ RF. 2013. # 14. St. 1652.
4. Federal'nyj zakon «O privlechenii investicij s ispol'zovaniem investicionnyh platform i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 02.08.2019 # 259-FZ // SZ RF. 2019. # 31. St. 4418.
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 31.07.2020 # 259-FZ «O cifrovyh finansovyh aktivah, cifrovoj valjute i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» // SZ RF.2020. # 31(chast' I). St. 5018.
6. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.07.2006 # 149-FZ (red. Ot 08.06.2020) «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii» // SZ RF. 2006. # 31 (1 ch.). St. 3448.
7. Federal'nyj zakon ot 31 ijulja 2020 g. # 258-FZ «Ob jeksperimental'nyh pravovyh rezhimah v sfere cifrovyh innovacij v Rossijskoj Federacii» //SZ RF. 2020. # 31 (chast' I). St. 5017.
8. Akinfieva V.V. Cifrovye finansovye aktivy kak novyj vid cifrovyh prav // Ex jure. 2021. # 1. S. 46-55.
9. Andreeva L.V. Pravovoj rezhim funkcionirovanija edinoj informacionnoj sistemy v sfere gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh zakupok // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2020. # 8. S. 136-145 /SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
10. Vasilevskaja L.Ju. Token kak novyj ob"ekt grazhdanskih prav: problemy juridicheskoj kvalifikacii cifrovogo prava // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2019. # 5. S. 111-119 / SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
11. Vlasti vvodjat koronavirusnye QR-kody dlja poezdok na rabotu. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://yandex.ru/turbo/avtovzglyad.ru/s/obshestvo/socium/2020-11-10-sobjanin-vvel-koronavirusnyeqr-kody-dlja-poezdok-na-rabotu/ (data obrashhenija:14.04.2021).
12. Guz' N.A., Domnenkov P.A., Malyh E.M., Sizova A. E. Sistema gosudarstvennyh zakupok na platforme blokchejn: vozmozhnosti i perspektivy // Sovrmennaja jekonomika: problemy, zakonomernosti, perspektivy. Pod obshh. red. G. Ju. Guljaeva. Penza, 2018. S. 23-29.
13. Zor'kin: Zadacha gosudarstva — priznavat' i zashhishhat' cifrovye prava grazhdan. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://news.rambler.ru/other/39972750-zorkin-zadacha-gosudarstvapriznavat-i-zaschischat-tsifrovye-prava-grazhdan/(data obrashhenija: 24.04.2021).
14. Kosjan N.G., Mil'kina I.V. Blokchejn v sisteme gosudarstvennyh zakupok // E-Management. 2019. T. 2. # 1. S. 33-41.
15. Novoselova L., Gabov A., Savel'ev A., Genkin A., Sarbash S., Asoskov A., Semenov A., Jankovskij R., Zhuravlev A., Tolkachev A., Kamel'kova A., Uspenskij M., Krupenin R., Kislyj V., Zhuzhzhalov M., Popov V., Agranovskaja M. Cifrovye prava kak novyj ob"ekt grazhdanskogo prava // Zakon. 2019. # 5. S. 31-54 / Konsul'tantPljus.
16. Nosov N. Perspektivy blokchejn v Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.itweek.ru/idea/article/detail.php?ID=182389 (data obrashhenija: 29.04.2021).
17. Redakcija informacionno-pravovogo portala «Zakon.ru». «Bitkoiny poka reguliruet Sledstvennyj komitet. V Gosdume rekomendovali prinjat' popravki v GK, vyvodjashhie cifrovye aktivy iz teni». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://zakon.ru/discussion/2018/05/16/bitkoiny_poka_reguliruet_sledstvennyj_komitet__v_gosdume_rekomendovali_prinyat_popravki_v_gk_vyvodya(data obrashhenija: 25.04.2021).
18. Trubin A.E., Tihonova Ju.E., Goncharova L.G., Krasnikov V.A. Povyshenie jeffektivnosti i prozrachnosti sistemy gosudarstvennyh zakupok na osnove tehnologii blokchejn //Logisticheskie sistemy v global'noj jekonomike. 2018. # 8. S. 243-246.
19. CB anonsiroval razrabotku cifrovogo rublja. Chto o nem govorili ran'she. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhimdostupa: https://ria.ru/20201013/tsentrobank-1579598349.
html?utm_source=yxnews&utm (data obrashhenija:21.04.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Deltsova N. V., Orlova D. A.
On the question of the characteristics of the gift contract
This article discusses the features of the gift contract, presented in the current legislation and legal doctrine. These features are qualifying for this contract, allow you to distinguish it from related legal institutions. Proper qualification of the contract, taking into account the features analyzed in the article, allows to reduce the number of errors in the preparation of contracts, which has a positive effect on law enforcement practice.
Keywords: contract donation, gratuitousness, debt forgiveness, property rights, the donor.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Bogdanov E. V. Pravovaja priroda soglasija v rossijskom grazhdanskom prave // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2019. – # 2. – S. 64-71. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=36894443 (data obrashhenija: 30.04.2021).
2. Braginskij M. I., Vitrjanskij V. V. Dogovornoe pravo. Dogovory o peredache imushhestva. – M.: Statut, 2018. – 439 s.
3. Vasil'eva K. A. Nekotorye osobennosti dogovora darenija // Nauchnye preobrazovanija v jepohu globalizacii: sbornik statej mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2017. – # 4. – S. 153-159.
4. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: Tekst, kommentarii, alfavitno-predmetnyj ukazatel'. Ch.2 / pod red. O. M. Kozyr', A. L. Makovskogo, S. A.Hohlova. – M.: Mezhdunarodnyj centr finansovo-jekonomicheskogo razvitija, 1996. – 700 s.
5. Grazhdanskoe pravo. Uchebnik: v 3 t. T. 2 / Sergeev A.P. – M.: Prospekt, 2017. – 880 s.
6. Kataskin S. M. Soglasie v grazhdanskom prave: avto-ref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Nizhnij Novgorod: Ros. akad. nar. hoz-va i gos. sluzhby pri Prezidente RF, 2014. – 26 s.
7. Olifirenko E. P. Analiz otlichitel'nyh osobennostej dogovora darenija // Aktual'nye voprosy prava, jekonomiki i upravlenija: sbornik statej XIX Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2019. – # 6. – S. 240-242.
8. Solovyh S. N. Darenie v grazhdanskom prave. avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Saratov: Sarat. gos.akad. prava, 2003. – 25 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Rychagova O. E., Fesenko E. A.
On the issue of protecting the legitimate interests of members of horticultural non-profit partnerships
The article considers the legal regulation of the method of counting votes when making a decision by the general meeting of a garden non-profit partnership. The authors conclude that the
relevant legislative norms are discriminatory. The introduction of the categories of single and multiple expression of will is proposed. The relevant judicial practice is critically analyzed.
Keywords: garden non-profit partnership, decision of the general meeting, counting of votes, legitimate interest of a member of a garden non-profit partnership, multiple expression of will, proportional participation in the management of the affairs of the partnership of real estate owners.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii, chast' 1 ot 30 nojabrja 1994 g. # 51-FZ // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva RF. – 1994. – # 32. – St. 3301.
2. Zhilishhnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29 dekabrja 2004 g. # 188-FZ // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva RF.– 2005. – # 1 (chast' I). – St. 14.
3. O vedenii grazhdanami sadovodstva i ogorodnichestva dlja sobstvennyh nuzhd i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. zakon ot 29 ijulja 2017 g. # 217-FZ //Sobr. zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2017. – # 31 (chast' I).
– St. 4766.
 
CIVIL LAW
Telibekova I. M.
The relationship of the content of the insurance service and insured event
The article considers the relationship between the content of the insurance service, which can be represented in the form of protection or security of the property interests of the policyholder, the insured person or the beneficiary, depending on the insured event under the insurance contract. The author gives arguments about the specifics of the insurance service in the context of the type and form of insurance provided. The article presents various points of view of scientists, both lawyers and economists, about the ratio of the content of an insurance service to the occurrence of an insured event with various consequences.
Keywords: contract of insurance, insurant, insurer, insurance interest, insurance service, insurance cover, insurance provision, participants in the insurance relationship.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj Zakon «Ob osnovah objazatel'nogo social'nogo strahovanija» # 165-FZ ot 16.07.1999 g.
2. Federal'nyj Zakon «Ob objazatel'nom gosudarstvennom strahovanii zhizni i zdorov'ja voennosluzhashhih, grazhdan, prizvannyh na voennye sbory, lic rjadovogo i nachal'stvujushhego sostava organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii, Gosudarstvennoj protivopozharnoj sluzhby, sotrudnikov uchrezhdenij i organov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy, sotrudnikov vojsk nacional'noj gvardii Rossijskoj Federacii, sotrudnikov organov prinuditel'nogo ispolnenija Rossijskoj Federacii»
# 52-FZ ot 28.03.1998 g.
3. Avakjan A.M. Predmet kak sushhestvennoe uslovie dogovora strahovanija // Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija. 2015. # 8. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/predmet-kak-suschestvennoe-uslovie-dogovorastrahovaniya(data obrashhenija: 22.04.2021).
4. Arakeljan A.G. Problemy ponjatija i kvalifikacii dogovora strahovanija v sovremennom grazhdanskom prave // Legal Concept. 2009. # 11. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemy-ponyatiya-i-kvalifikatsii-dogovorastrahovaniya-v-sovremennom-grazhdanskom-prave(data obrashhenija: 29.04.2021).
5. Bormotov, A.V. Obespechitel'naja funkcija dogovora strahovanija v rossijskom grazhdanskom prave:avtoreferat dissertacii na soisk. uch. st. k.ju.n. Special'nost' 12.00.03 - grazhdanskoe pravo; predprinimatel'skoe pravo; semejnoe pravo; mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo / A. V. Bormotov; Nauch.ruk. O. A. Kuznecova. – Perm', 2011. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://search.rsl.ru/ru/record/01004855931 (data obrashhenija: 28.03.2021).
6. Bryzgalov D.V. Teoreticheskie podhody k strahovaniju zhizni: problemy i puti ih preodolenija// Finansovaja analitika: problemy i reshenija.2018. # 4 (346). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/teoreticheskiepodhody-k-strahovaniyu-zhizni-problemy-i-puti-ihpreodoleniya(data obrashhenija: 28.03.2021).
7. Vjacheslavov A.V., Konstantinidi A.V. Voprosy strahovanija (dlja predprinimatelej): Uchebnoe posobie. Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj institut radiotehniki, jelektroniki i avtomatiki (tehnicheskij universitet). M.: 2002. 60 s.
8. Gekko M.N. Dogovor strahovanija po zakonodatel'stvu Respubliki Kazahstan: avtoref. na soisk. uch. step. k.ju.n.: 12.00.03. Almaty, 2005. 33 s.
9. Gommelja V.B. Osnovy strahovogo dela: Uchebnoe posobie dlja vuzov. M.: SOMINTJeK, 1998. 384 s.
10. Ermakova Ju. G. Problemy grazhdansko-pravovogo regulirovanija strahovoj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii // Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. 2012. # 3. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemy-grazhdansko-pravovogoregulirovaniya-strahovoy-deyatelnosti-v-rossiyskoyfederatsii(data obrashhenija: 28.03.2021).
11. Markina M.V. Strahovanie grazhdanskoj otvetstvennosti // Pravo i praktika. 2018. # 4. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/strahovanie-grazhdanskoy-otvetstvennosti(data obrashhenija: 29.04.2021).
12. Serebrovskij V.I. Izbrannye trudy po nasledstvennomu i strahovomu pravu. M.: «Statut» (v serii «Klassika rossijskoj civilistiki»), 1997. 567 s.
13. Telibekova I.M. Voprosy pravovoj konstrukcii dogovora strahovanija otvetstvennosti rabotodatelja za prichinenie vreda // Pravo i gosudarstvo. 2004. # 2/3 (33). S. 21-24.
14. Telibekova I.M. Soderzhanie uslugi strahovanija pri strahovanii otvetstvennosti rabotodatelja za prichinenie vreda // Femida. 2005. # 4 (112).
15. Shergunova E.A. Problemy opredelenija interesov storon v dogovorah strahovanija v sovremennoj Rossii // Vestnik VUiT. 2019. # 3. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemy-opredeleniya-interesov-storon-vdogovorah-strahovaniya-v-sovremennoy-rossii (data obrashhenija: 27.03.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Ibragimova D. T., Gaibatova K. D.
Problems of determining the amount of compensation for non-pecuniary damage to the life and health of a citizen
The article deals with the problems of determining the amount of compensation for non-pecuniary damage, identifies the grounds for recovery in accordance with the norms of civil law. The legal framework that guides the court in determining the amount of compensation is highlighted. The range of the most urgent and problematic issues of the institute of compensation for non-pecuniary damage is determined. Recommendations for improving civil legislation, as well as ways to determine the amount of compensation for non-pecuniary damage are proposed.
Keywords: non-pecuniary damage, compensation, recovery, amount of compensation, judicial practice, discretion of the court.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nekotorye voprosy primenenija zakonodatel'stva o kompensacii moral'nogo vreda: Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 20.12.1994 # 10 (red. ot 06.02.2007) // SPS Konsul'tant pljus.
2. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Nizhegorodskogo oblastnogo suda ot 19.02.2019 # 33–1561/2019 // Konsul'tantPljus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=SOPV&n=394667#03588769075718896(data obrashhenija: 08.05.2021).
3. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 10.10.2018 po delu # 33–24354/2018 //Konsul'tantPljus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=SOCN&n=1063944#09885730194490845(data obrashhenija: 08.02.2021).
4. Veshkurceva Z.V. Zashhita nematerial'nyh blag i lichnyh neimushhestvennyh prav: osnovnye sovremennye problemy i puti ih reshenija // Juridicheskie issledovanija. 2017. # 12. S. 19-34. DOI:10.25136/2409-7136.2017.12.24726 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=24726.
5. Jerdelevskij A. M. Moral'nyj vred i kompensacija za stradanija. M.: Volters Kluver, 2004. 320 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Kurbatova G. V., Bondarenko I. V.
Civil law regulation of the bankruptcy procedure of individuals: legal features and prospects of development
The Article is devoted to the current problem. Bankruptcy of individuals has become relevant in recent years. The article discusses the main advantages and disadvantages of implementing the Institute of bankruptcy of individuals. The conclusion reveals the law enforcement problems of the institute of bankruptcy of individuals, which reduce the effectiveness of this institution and require regulatory settlement. The authors tried to formulate ways to solve problems that arise in the process of bankruptcy of individuals.
Keywords: citizen, civil code, legal regulation, bankruptcy, bankruptcy procedure, individual, debtor.
Work bibliographic list
1. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po jekonomicheskim sporam Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 23.01.2017 #304-JeS16-14541 po delu # A70-14095/2015 // SPS«Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 10.04.2021).
2. Zhoga E.S., Vasenin A.Ju., Tharovskaja O.Ju. Bankrotstvo fizicheskih lic: problemy teorii i praktiki // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. 2018. # 7. S. 43.
3. Zinkovskij M.A. Problemy bankrotstva fizicheskogo lica // Vestnik Belgorodskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2016. # 2. S. 48.
4. Kravchenko N.O., Kuriljuk Ju.E. Pravovye aspekty procedury bankrotstva fizicheskih lic //Universum: jekonomika i jurisprudencija. 2017.# 5. S. 3.
5. Ljubovceva E.G., Anohina E.I. Bankrotstvo fizicheskih lic: predvaritel'nye itogi i posledstvija //Vestnik evrazijskoj nauki. 2019. # 1. S. 2.
6. Novoselova A.N. Pravovaja priroda instituta bankrotstva fizicheskih lic v Rossii // Academy. 2018. # 10. S. 57.
 
CIVIL LAW
Mikhaylova V. I., Shapovalova D. S.
On the issue of the problems of the ensuring mechanism for the implementation of the rights of subjects in the process of insolvency (bankruptcy) (on the example of the institute of an insolvency practitioner)
The article presents the result of the analysis of the main aspects of the modern institute of arbitration management in the field of insolvency (bankruptcy). The authors have identified not only the most relevant issues of a normative and applied nature, but also identified related problems that need to be solved. In addition, the article presents the author’s concept of “the ensuring mechanism for the implementation of the rights of subjects of insolvency (bankruptcy)”. The authors come to the conclusion that in order to increase the efficiency of the activity of the insolvency practitioner, as an element of the security mechanism for the implementation of the rights of bankruptcy subjects, it is necessary first of all to improve its legal grounds.
Keywords: insolvency (bankruptcy), debtor, ensuring mechanism, insolvency practitioner.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Mihajlova V. I. Opredelenie obespechitel'nogo mehanizma v processe nesostojatel'nosti (bankrotstva):«shirokij» podhod k probleme // Aktual'nye problemy instituta nesostojatel'nosti (bankrotstva): vzgljad molodyh uchenyh (sbornik statej; pod red. d.ju.n. S. A. Karelinoj). – Justicinform, 2019.
 
CIVIL LAW
Telibekova I. M.
Insurance interest in ensuring the subjective civil rights of participants in insurance relations
The article considers the role of insurance interest in ensuring the subjective civil rights of participants in insurance relations. The authors have studied the views of scientists on the insurance interest in relation to the protection or provision of the property interests of the policyholder, the insured person or the beneficiary, depending on the type and form of insurance provided. The author argues that there is not only “insurance protection” of the property interests of participants in insurance relations, but also “insurance coverage”. At the same time, such concepts as “insurance interest” and “interest in insurance” are separated.
Keywords: insurance contract, policyholder, insurer, insurance interest, insurance service, participants in the insurance relationship.
Work bibliographic list
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2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=1013880#pos=3283;-54 //.
3. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Belarus'. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=30415161#pos=5293;-53;Grazhdanskij kodeks Kirgizskoj Respubliki.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=30224035#pos=3925;-54 //.
4. Abbasova Rena Arzuman Kyzy Problema opredelennosti strahovogo interesa kak jelementa dogovora strahovanija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. 2013. # 6. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhimdostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemaopredelennosti-strahovogo-interesa-kak-elementadogovora-strahovaniya (data obrashhenija: 25.03.2021).
5. Braginskij M.I., Vitrjanskij V.V. Dogovornoe pravo. Kniga tret'ja: Dogovory o vypolnenii rabot i okazanii uslug. – Izd. dopolnitel'noe, ispravlennoe (4-j zavod). M.: «Statut», 2004. S. 549-550.
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7. Dal' V. Tolkovyj slovar'. V chetyreh tomah. M.: Russkij jazyk, 1989. Tom 2.
8. Ermakova Ju.G. Problemy grazhdansko-pravovogo regulirovanija strahovoj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii // Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. 2012. # 3. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemy-grazhdansko-pravovogo-regulirovaniya-strahovoy-deyatelnosti-v-rossiyskoyfederatsii(data obrashhenija: 28.03.2021).
9. Ioffe O.S. Izbrannye trudy po grazhdanskomu pravu: Iz istorii civilisticheskoj mysli. Grazhdanskoe pravootnoshenie. Kritika teorii «hozjajstvennogo prava». M.: Statut, 2000.
10. Kogdenko N.Ju. Strahovoj interes – ob"ekt strahovanija i ob"ekt strahovogo pravootnoshenija // Vestnik JuUrGU. Serija: Pravo. 2006. # 13. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/strahovoy-interes-obekt-strahovaniya-iobekt-
strahovogo-pravootnosheniya (data obrashhenija: 26.03.2021).
11. Kommentarij chasti vtoroj Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii dlja predprinimatelej /M.I. Braginskij, V.V. Vitrjanskij, E.A. Suhanov i dr.; Ruk. avt. kol.: M.I. Braginskij; Pod obshh. red. V.D. Karpovicha. M.: Fond «Pravovaja kul'tura», 1996.
12. Kuznecova I. A. Strahovanie zhizni i imushhestva grazhdan: Prakticheskoe posobie. M.: Dashkov i K, 2008.
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17. Savkin Dmitrij Vladimirovich. Strahovoe pravootnoshenie po rossijskomu grazhdanskomu pravu:Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03: M., 2003. 165 c.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.dslib.net/civil-pravo/strahovoe-pravootnoshenie-porossijskomu-grazhdanskomu-pravu.html (data obrashhenija: 27.03.2021).
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19. Serebrovskij V.I. Izbrannye trudy po nasledstvennomu i strahovomu pravu. – M.: «Statut» (v serii «Klassika rossijskoj civilistiki»), 1997. 567 s.
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M.: «Statut», 2016. 431 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Tkacheva M. A.
Violated legitimate interest as the basis for the application of civil law coercion
Resume: The article examines the institution of violated legitimate interest as a basis for the emergence of a protective legal relationshipand the use of civil coercion. The author considers it necessary to draw attention to the fact that the protective legal relationship arises not only as a result of an offense, but also as a result of a violation of the legitimate interest of the subject by the lawful actions of a state body. These cases are clearly regulated by law, which testifies to the special social and legal significance of the need to protect not only the violated subjective right, but also the violated legitimate interest.
Keywords: civil coercion, protective legal relationship, regulatory legal relationship, protection, violated legitimate interest, offense, state body, lawful actions, damage.
Workbibliographiclist
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5. Gambarov Ju. S. Kurs grazhdanskogo prava. Chast' obshhaja. T. 1. SPb. 1911. 780 s.
6. Ginc E. M. Vozmeshhenie vreda, prichinennogo pravomernymi dejstvijami gosudarstvennyh organov: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2014. 153 s.
7. Grazhdanskoe pravo. Tom. 1. / Pod. red. A. P. Sergeeva, Ju. K. Tolstogo. M., 2000. 765 s.
8. Gribanov V. N. Interes v grazhdanskom prave // Osushhestvlenie i zashhita grazhdanskih prav. Izd. 2-e, stereotip. M: Statut, 2020. 414 s.
9. Gribanov V. N. Osushhestvlenie i zashhita grazhdanskih prav. Izd. 2-e, stereotip. M: Statut, 2020. 414 s.
10. Grigor'eva M.A. O traktovke ohranitel'nogo pravootnoshenija kak stadii dinamiki reguljativnogo pravootnoshenija // Zashhita chastnyh prav: problemy teorii i praktiki: mat-ly 4-j ezhegod. mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. pod red. N.P. Aslanjan, Ju.V. Vinichenko. Irkutsk: Bajkal'skij gosudarstvennyj universitet jekonomiki i prava, 2015. S. 32-36.
11. Ioffe O.S., Shargorodskij M.D. Voprosy teorii prava. M.: Gosjurizdat, 1961. 381 s.
12. Karhalev D.N. Koncepcija ohranitel'nogo grazhdanskogo pravootnoshenija: dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2010. 407 s.
13. Karhalev D.N. Prinuzhdenie i ohranitel'noe pravootnoshenie v grazhdanskom prave // Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. 2008. # 6. S. 66-68.
14. Karhalev D.N. Razvitie zakonodatel'stva o zashhite grazhdanskih prav i ohranitel'nyh pravootnoshenijah // Rossijskaja justicija. 2011. # 1. S. 9-12.
15. Krasheninnikov E. A. Osnovanija vozniknovenija pritjazanij // Ocherki po torgovomu pravu: Sb. nauchnyh trudov: Vyp. 9 / Pod red. E. A. Krasheninnikova. Jaroslavl': Izd-vo Jarosl. Un-ta, 2002. S. 3-6.
16. Krasheninnikov E. A. Osnovnoe razdelenie grazhdanskij prav // Mat-ly Vseros. Nauch. Konf., posvjashh. 200-letiju Jaroslavskogo gos. un-ta im. P. G. Demidova. Jaroslavl', 2003. S. 3.
17. Malein N. S. Pravonarushenie: ponjatie, prichiny, otvetstvennost'. M., 1985. 192 s.
18. Mal'ko A. V. Problemy zakonnyh interesov // Problemy teorii gosudarstva i prava / Pod. red. M. N. Marchenko. M., 2002. S. 375.
19. Mal'ko A. V., Subochev V. V. Zakonnye interesy kak pravovaja kategorija. SPb.: Izd. «Juridicheskij Centr Press», 2004. 359 s.
20. Mal'cev G. V. Socialisticheskoe pravo i svoboda lichnosti (teoreticheskie voprosy). M.: Jurid. lit., 1968. 143 s.
21. Mihajlov S. V. Kategorija interesa v grazhdanskom (chastnom) prave // Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M. 2007. 219 s.
22. Motovilovker E.Ja. Teorija reguljativnogo i ohranitel'nogo prava. Voronezh: Izd-vo Voronezhskogo un-ta, 1990. 136 s.
23. Obshhaja teorija gosudarstva i prava. Akadem. kurs v treh tomah. T. 3. / Otv. red. M. N. Marchenko. M. Norma. 2007. 712 s.
24. Osipov A. A. Interes i sub"ektivnoe grazhdanskoe pravo // Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M. 2011. 168 s.
25. Podshivalov T.P. Ohranitel'nye pravootnoshenija i normy: grazhdansko-pravovoj aspekt // Vestnik Juzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Pravo. 2012. # 43 (302). S. 73-76.
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28. Suhanov E. A. Rossijskoe grazhdanskoe pravo: uchebnik v 2 t. T. 1. / Otv. red. E. A. Suhanov. M.: Statut, 2010. 1208 s.
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30. Farukshin M. H. Voprosy obshhej teorii juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti // Pravovedenie. 1969. # 4. S. 27.
31. Jushkov A.V. K voprosu ob ohranitel'nyh pravootnoshenijah // Molodye uchenye. 2013. # 4. S. 142-144.
32. Jakovlev V.I. Reguljativnye i ohranitel'nye pravootnoshenija v sfere rynka cennyh bumag v Rossii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 1998. 23 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Shahaeva A. M., Pardaeva Z. S.
Penalty as a method of securing the performance of credit obligations
The article analyzes the practice of applying the norms of civil legislation governing the reduction of penalties as a way to ensure the fulfillment of obligations. We have assessed the effectiveness of the provisions of Article 333 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, which regulates the issues of reducing the amount of the penalty by the court on the basis of a study of the current legislation, law enforcement judicial practice. The article analyzes both the explanations of the higher courts and the legal positions of the lower courts. The article reveals the grounds for reducing the penalty existing in judicial practice.
Keywords: penalty, enforcement of obligations, loan agreement, reduction of penalty, key rate.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja)» ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ (red. ot 09.03.2021) //Rossijskaja gazeta, # 238-239, 08.12.1994.
2. O primenenii sudami nekotoryh polozhenij Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ob otvetstvennosti za narushenie objazatel'stv: postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 24.03.2016 # 7 (red. ot 07.02.2017) // Rossijskaja gazeta. #70. 04 aprelja 2016.
3. O nekotoryh voprosah primenenija stat'i 333 Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii: Postanovlenie Plenuma VAS RF ot 22.12.2011 # 81 (red. Ot 24.03.2016) // Vestnik VAS RF, # 2, fevral', 2012.
4. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Ivanovskogo oblastnogo suda po delu # 33-399/2019 ot 20 marta 2019 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.
oblsud--iwn.sudrf.ru (data obrashhenija: 15.04.2021).
5. Reshenie Zainskogo gorodskogo suda Respubliki Tatarstan ot 30 ijulja 2020 g. po delu # 2-603/2020.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.oblsud--iwn.sudrf.ru (data obrashhenija: 15.04.2021).
6. Reshenie Berdjuzhskogo rajonnogo suda Tjumenskoj oblasti ot 2 sentjabrja 2020 g. po delu # 2-135/2020.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.oblsud--iwn.sudrf.ru (data obrashhenija: 15.04.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Farafontova D. S.
The mechanism for limiting parental rights in the legislation of the Russian Federation
The article examines the content of the mechanism for limiting parental rights in the Russian Federation, as well as the existing problems in this institution. Particular attention is paid to individual legal structures enshrined in the system of domestic legal regulation and dedicated to the issues of restricting parental rights. In addition, the author has demonstrated the features of the application of the institution of restriction of parental rights.
Keywords: parental rights, restriction, legal regulation, interests of the child, mechanism, court.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Artemenkov V.K. Fizicheskie lica kak ob"ekty prokurorskogo nadzora za ispolneniem zakonov, sobljudeniem prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina // Zakonnost'. 2017. # 11. S. 23-27.
2. Bespalov Ju.F. Semejnoe zakonodatel'stvo RF: nekotorye defekty, problemy pravoprimenenija i napravlenija sovershenstvovanija // Semejnoe i zhilishhnoe pravo. 2018. # 2 // SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus»
3. Zvenigorodskaja N.F. Svjaz' semejno-pravovoj otvetstvennosti s zashhitoj semejnyh prav // Voprosy juvenal'noj justicii. 2010. # 2. S. 23-26.
4. Kuropackaja E.G. Sudebnye dela ob ogranichenii roditel'skih prav // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. 2018. # 1. S. 28-33.
5. Miroljubova O.G. O semejno-pravovom ponjatii «interesy rebenka» // Vestnik JarGU. Ser. «Gumanitarnye nauki». 2012. # 4/1. S. 57-58.
6. Nechaeva A.M. Zashhita interesov rebenka v mnogodetnoj sem'e // Zakony Rossii. Opyt, analiz, praktika. 2012. # 6. S. 62.
7. Sologub A.Ju. Kategorija «zakonnyj interes» kak jelement pravovogo statusa rebenka // Voprosy sovremennoj jurisprudencii. 2013. # 29. S. 142.
8. Shvabaujer A.V. Institut otobranija rebenka u roditelej: nedostatki pravovogo regulirovanija i puti razreshenija problem // Rossijskaja justicija. 2020. # 10. S. 42-44.
9. Jakushev P.A. Spory o detjah: tradicionnye cennosti i sudebnaja praktika: monografija. M.: Prospekt, 2018.
 
CIVIL LAW
Bagamaev G. T., Magomedova A. G.
Late reporting of an occupational accident
The article deals with the problem of an industrial accident and its consequences. Particular attention is paid to the timely reporting of an industrial accident. It is noted that an employee can recover compensation for moral damage from the employer if this is provided for by the employer’s local regulations. The relevance of the topic of the article is due to the spread of industrial injuries in the Russian Federation and the reluctance of some employers to compensate for moral damage to the employee. Attention is drawn to the fact that an industrial accident that occurs to an employee in the performance of his work duties can cause such consequences as death or damage to the victim’s health, transfer to another job, loss of ability to work for more than one day. It is emphasized that the employer is responsible for the harm caused to the life and health of the employee in the performance of his labor duties. Examples from judicial practice are given. It is concluded that compliance with the legal measures and the investigation procedure, including the timeliness of the employer’s notification of an industrial accident, will help the manager avoid violations, penalties, legal proceedings and criminal liability.
Keywords: industrial accident, terms of investigation of the accident, untimely notification of the accident, industrial injury, employer, employee, official duties.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ahant'eva N.V., Skrjabina O.V. Social'noe obespechenie grazhdan, postradavshih ot neschastnyh sluchaev na proizvodstve, i professional'nyh zabolevanij, na regional'nom urovne // Leningradskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2019. # 2 (56). S. 152-161.
2. Voropanov A.A. Neschastnye sluchai na proizvodstve, ih preduprezhdenie, dejstvie i otvetstvennost' rabotodatelja // Alleja nauki. 2020. T. 1. # 6 (45). S. 731-737.
3. Krylov N.F. Neschastnye sluchai na proizvodstve. //Molodoj uchenyj. 2018. # 33 (219). S. 103-105.
4. Popova E.A., Ljubimyj D.S. Neschastnye sluchai na proizvodstve // Ohrana truda i tehnika bezopasnosti na promyshlennyh predprijatijah. 2019. # 3. S. 28-29.
5. Tugaj A.V. preduprezhdenie neschastnyh sluchaev na proizvodstve i otvetstvennost' rabotodatelja pri ih nastuplenii // Alleja nauki. 2020. T. 2. # 5 (44). S. 58-65.
6. Cycylina T.L. Spornye pravovye aspekty rassledovanija neschastnyh sluchaev na proizvodstve // Evrazijskij sojuz uchenyh. 2019. # 4. S. 59-63.
7. Cherepahina M.S. Neschastnye sluchai na proizvodstve // Molodezh' i nauka. 2018. # 3. S. 45-46.
8. Shankina M.A. Pravovye problemy, voznikajushhie v processe registracii i ucheta neschastnyh sluchaev na proizvodstve // Molodoj uchenyj. 2020. # 13 (303). S.176-178.
 
LABOUR LAW
Kot M. K.
Head of corporate organization as subject of labor law: problems of inter-industry regulation
The article provides an analysis of labor and corporate legislation in terms of determining the legal status of a leader, discusses the debating issues of the industry affiliation of the head – the sole founder of the corporation. The author uses the methodology of intersectoral relations of civil and labor law to study the legal nature of relations for the management of a “one person” corporation. The article concludes the atypical nature of the work of the sole founder of the corporation and the possibility of applying the principle of freedom of work to such relations.
Keywords: head, characteristics of labor legal relations, sole founder of the organization, sole executive body of the corporate organization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kommentarij k Trudovomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (postatejnyj) / M. A. Bocharnikova, Z. D. Vinogradova, A. K. Gavrilina i dr.; otv. red. Ju. P. Orlovskij. – 7-e izd., ispr., dop. i pererab. – M.: KONTRAKT, KNORUS, 2017. – 1272 s.
2. Korshunova T. Ju. Nekotorye problemy pravovogo regulirovanija truda rukovoditelja organizacii //Zakon. – 2019. – # 11. – S. 102-109.
3. Kostjan I. A. Rukovoditel' organizacii kak sub"ekt prava: razmyshlenija na temu // Trudovoe pravo v Rossii i za rubezhom. – 2019. – # 4. – S. 57-60.
4. Lebedev V. M., Mel'nikova V. G., Nazmetdinov R. R.Trudovoe pravo: opyt sravnitel'nogo pravovogo issledovanija / pod red. V. M. Lebedeva. – M.: NORMA, INFRA-M, 2018. – 480 s.
5. Mihajlov V. V. Organy upravlenija juridicheskogo lica // SPS Konsul'tantPljus, 2020
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Polyakov G. Yu.
The issues of guarantees in the financing of the oil and gas industry projects of the Russian Federation
The article is devoted to identifying the features of investment activity in the sphere of oil and gas production of Russia with regard to investment risks in project financing. Taking into account the features of the investment climate in this sphere, the authors have made an attempt to define ways of minimizing possible losses of project activities in the oil and gas sphere, to increase the investment attractiveness of the financed business entities.
In order to define the characteristics of the investment activity in the oil and gas field and the basic guarantees of protection of the interests of the parties to the investment process, the authors examine ways of financing projects in the sphere in question, current approaches to project financing based on real-life examples, the current international economic and political situation affecting the investment climate in the Russian oil and gas sector.
As a result, the authors conclude that the oil and gas industry of the Russian Federation is not sufficiently attractive for foreign borrowing. Therefore, in order to increase the investment attractiveness of foreign credit organizations for projects in this industry, a number of guarantees should be followed, including a high percentage of investment by investors and project developers, quality preparation and implementation of all phases of the project, as well as detailed regulation of the legal relations of the parties to investment activities in the appropriate contractual form.
Keywords: investment risk, oil and gas industry, project financing, investment guarantees, borrowed capital.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alexandrova O. A. Current issues of the implementation of public-private partnership in the Russian economy// Russian economy: looking to the future: materials of III International scientific-practical conference (in absentia): in 2 parts. Part 2 / M.-arr. and science of the Russian Federation; FGBOU VO “Tamb. GOS. Univ.im. G. R. Derzhavin”; [resp. edited by J.Y. Radukova].– Tambov: Publishing house TSU named after G.R. Derzhavin, 2017. – PP. 41-53.
2. Außenminister Gabriel und der österreichische Bundeskanzler Kern zu den Russland-San- ktionen durch den US-Senat. Auswärtiges Amt. 2017. 15.06. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.auswaert ig es-amt .de/ de/ newsroom/ 170615-kern-russland/290664 (data obrashhenija:31.05.2018).
3. Grant Smith, Salma El Wardany, Dina Khrennikova, and Javier Blas. OPEC+ Extends Oil Cuts in Win for Saudi-Russian Alliance // 6 July 2020. – Bloomberg.
4. Belov V. Lekarstvo ot davlenija. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3473394 (data obrashhenija: 31.05.2018).
5. Informacija o dopolnitel'nyh neftegazovyh dohodah federal'nogo bjudzheta // Ministerstvo Finansov Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://minfin.gov.ru/ ru/statistics/fedbud/oil/?id_65=122094-svedeniya_o_formirovanii_i_ispolzovanii_dopolnitelnykh_n e f t e g a z o v y k h _ d o k h o d o v _ f e d e r a l n o g o _byudzheta_v_2018-2021_godu (data obrashhenija:31.05.2018).
6. Kaveshnikov N. Raznoglasija vokrug «Severnogo potoka – 2»: politika prevyshe vsego 30.06.2017 g.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://russiancouncil.ru/analytics-and-comments/analytics /raznoglasiya- vokrug-severnogo-potoka-2-politikaprevyshe-vsego/ (data obrashhenija: 31.05.2018).
7. Kasatkina A. A. Inostrannye investicii i sposoby privlechenija ih v rossijskuju jekonomiku.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://xn—-7sbbaj7auwnffhk.xn--plai/article/7345 (data obrashhenija: 22.02.2019).
8. Kirillov V. V. Jekologicheskie problemy na primere proektov «Sahalin-1» i «Sahalin-2» //Federal'nyĭ spravochnik «Toplivno-jenergeticheskij kompleks Rossii». – 2014. – T. 3. – S. 270.
9. Pravkin S. A., Kovnerev M. A. Pravovye osnovy regulirovanija investicij (na primere soglashenij o gosudarstvenno-chastnom partnerstve) // Innovacii i investicii. – 2018. – # 6. – S. 54-57.
10. Smirnov A. L. Proektnoe finansirovanie v Rossii: novye stimuly razvitija / A. L. Smirnov, I. I. Rodionov. // Bankovskoe delo. – 2015. – # 2. – S. 66.
11. Sujetin A. A. Proektnoe finansirovanie // Biznes i banki. – 2006. – # 39.
12. Titov V. O. Proektnoe finansirovanie innovacionnyh investicionnyh proektov: dis. ... kand. jekon. nauk. 08.00.10 – Finansy, denezhnoe obrashhenie i kredit / S.-Peterb. gos. un-t. – SPb., 2014. – C. 111.
13. Hlopov O. A. Prichiny i posledstvija snizhenija ceny na neft': interesy SShA i Saudovskoĭ Aravii // Vlast'. – 2015. – # 3. – S. 158.
14. Hrenov V. Razdel produkcii v Rossii: riski i ozhidanija. – “Neftjanoe hozjajstvo”, 1996.
15. Celoval'nikova I. Ju. Pravovoe regulirovanie investicionnoj dejatel'nosti. – M.: Juridicheskij institut MIITa, 2013.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Safina T. A.
Relevance and significance of the study of the processes of transformation and digitalization of the economy in the modern world
The article examines the changes in the economy that are the result of its digitalization, associated with the introduction of digital technologies in all spheres of life, as well as the study of the digital economy in the processes of digital transformation of social and economic systems. This direction is relevant and the relevance is due to the fact that at the moment there is an active introduction of digital technologies in all spheres of life of modern society. The development of the digital economy plays a very important role for the whole world. Taken together, this calls for a more detailed study of this particular direction of economic development.
Keywords: digital economy, digitalization, transformation of the economy.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Osnovnye napravlenija bjudzhetnoj, nalogovoj i tamozhenno-tarifnoj politiki na 2019 god i na planovyj period 2020 i 2021 godov» (utv. Minfinom Rossii). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_308390/.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Tsoy V. R.
Taxation of items qualified as luxury: differentiation from related legal institutions
The subject-matter of the research is an analysis of the Russian Federation Tax Code provisions which provide for mechanisms of increased consumption within the framework of certain taxes. The author distinguishes between the mechanisms of increased consumption and the rules of taxation of items classified as luxury. Through the analysis of the Russian Federation Tax Code and the legal positions of the Russian Federation Constitutional Court, it is concluded that it is necessary to draw a distinction between these legal institutions on the basis of a set of criteria such as, for instance, the object of taxation and the purpose of introducing the tax.
Keywords: luxury items, luxury tax, tax rate, increased consumption mechanisms.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gromov V. V., Malinina T. A. Perspektivy jekologizacii nalogovoj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii. –M.: Izdatel'skij dom «Delo» RANHiGS, 2015. – 84 s.
2. Loginova T. A., Milogolov N. S. Analiz iskazhajushhih jekonomicheskih jeffektov, voznikajushhih vsledstvie narushenija nejtral'nosti NDS (na primere primenenija ponizhennoj stavki dlja produktov pitanija) //Nalogi i nalogooblozhenie. – 2017. – # 12. – S. 1-9.
3. Tihonova A. V. K voprosu ob izmenenii funkcional'noj roli akcizov v Rossii // Nalogi i nalogooblozhenie. – 2019. – # 11. – S. 35-43.
4. Trofimov K. T. Den'gi kak ob"ekt grazhdanskih prav i predmet bankovskih sdelok // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Pravovedenie. – 2004. – 1 (252). –S. 37-48.
5. Coj V. R. Nalogooblozhenie predmetov, kvalificiruemyh v kachestve roskoshi: realii i perspektivy //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 3. – S. 225-227.
6. Shakirova R. K. Koncepcija naloga na roskosh': Zarubezhnyj opyt, otechestvennaja praktika i al'ternativy // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Jekonomika. – 2016. – # 1 (33). – S. 255-268.
 
BUDGET LAW
Sergeev S. A.
The budgetary process and the formation of the state budget in Russia before the 1917 revolution
This article is devoted to the historical analysis of the formation of the Russian budget before 1917.
The article deals with the formation of the economy of the Russian state, the formation of governing bodies capable of distributing budget revenues.
The state, tax, monetary reforms, which served to create the budgetary system, are considered. The development of the budgetary process, which took place in the normative legal acts of that time, is taken into account. A brief analysis of the budgetary legislation governing the preparation of draft budgets of those times is carried out.
Keywords: budget, budget process, budget expenditures and revenues, financial system, taxation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bryzgalin A. V., Bernik V.R., Golovkin A.N. Nalogi. Ljudi. Vremja… ili jetot bezgranichnyj Mir Nalogov. Ekaterinburg: Izdatel'stvo «Nalogi i finansovoe pravo», 2008.
2. Pokrovskij N.N. Poslednij v Mariinskom dvorce:Vospominanija ministra inostrannyh del. M.: Novoe Literaturnoe obozrenie, 2016.
3. Konvir V.N. Jekonomicheskaja istorija Rossii Chast' 1. S drevnejshih vremen do 1917 goda. M.: Jurajt, 2018.
4. Hejfec B.A. Kreditnaja istorija Rossii. Harakteristika suverennogo zaemshhika. M.: Jekonomika, 2003. 387 s.
 
TAX LAW
Dreval L. N., Polyakova S. A.
On the performance of tax duties by foreign citizens in the Russian Federation: some aspects
The article is devoted to the study of the institution of the fulfillment of tax obligations by foreign citizens in the Russian Federation.
The authors made an attempt to elucidate some issues related to the fulfillment by foreign citizens of the obligation to pay personal income tax.
In the work, on the basis of practical activity data, the problems associated with the payment of
the specified tax are identified, both in the general taxation regime and in the special tax regime - the patent system. Ways of their solution are proposed in the form of amendments to the current legislation on taxes and fees, as well as to the procedure for conducting control measures.
Keywords: foreign citizens, tax agent, tax duty, execution, income, tax, tax control, legal responsibility.
 
TAX LAW
Ponomarev O. V., De A. E., Karimova Yu. I.
Problematic aspects of bringing to responsibility for committing tax offenses
High-quality law-making activities lead to the effectiveness of the mechanism of legal regulation
of tax legal relations, an integral element of which is tax liability. This article deals with problematic aspects of tax liability. In particular, the question of the subject composition of persons liable for tax offenses and the question of the feasibility of applying a tax sanction for non-payment of tax by individuals during the coronavirus pandemic. In addition, the discussion on the issue of determining the legal nature of tax liability is considered, and as a result, ways of solving the problem are proposed. This topic is of particular relevance in the conditions of digitalization of public relations and the tendency of the transition of law to a machine-readable form.
Keywords: tax legal relations, responsibility, offenses, problematic issues.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bahrah D. N. Administrativnoe pravo Rossii:uchebnik // 5-e izd. – M.: Jeksmo , 2010. – 607 s.
2. Burnysheva L. V., L'vaova I. G. Sub"ekty nalogovyh pravootnoshenij // Sibirskoe juridicheskoe obozrenie. – 2019. – T. 6. # 2. – S. 228-233.
3. Kashanina T. V. Juridicheskaja tehnika: uchebnik //2-e izd., peresmotr. – M.: Norma: INFRA – M., 2015. – 496 s.
4. Krohina Ju. A. Finansovoe pravo Rossii: uchebnik // 4-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Norma:INFRA–M., 2011. – 720 s.
5. Kucherov I. I. Nalogovoe pravo Rossii: uchebnik dlja vuzov // [i dr.]. 5-e izd. – M.: Norma, 2015. –704 s.
6. Malinovskaja V. M. Otvetstvennost' za nalogovye pravonarushenija: nauchno-prakticheskiĭ kommentariĭ k glave 15 Nalogovogo kodeksa Rossiĭskoĭ Federacii // Reformy i pravo. –2014. – # 4. – S. 34-45.
7. Napso M. D., Napso M. D. Aktual'nye nalogovye iniciativy i novacii: social'no jekonomicheskie osnovy, teoreticheskie podhody i prakticheskoe primenenie // Sovershenstvovanie zakonodatel'stva. – 2019. – # 12. – S. 135-151.
8. Ovcharova E. V. Problemy primenenija administrativnoj otvetstvennosti za narushenija nalogovogo zakonodatel'stva po Nalogovomu kodeksu RF (NK RF) i po Kodeksu RF ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah (KOAP RF) // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2007. – # 8. – S. 14-22.
9. Rudover Ju. V. Finansovo-pravovaja otvetstvennost' v sisteme vidov juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2011. – # 3. – S. 110-115
 
TAX LAW
Izvekov S. S.
Collection of tax debts under clause 2 of Article 45 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation in circumvention of the Bankruptcy Law
This article deals with the issues of collecting tax debts under clause 2 of Article 45 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation in the conditions of applying the procedures provided for by the Bankruptcy Law to the taxpayer. In search of the correct correlation of the general and special law, the paper considers the tools for collecting debts under tax legislation and under bankruptcy legislation. The author examines the limits of the fiscal interest of the state and the guarantee to the participants of the bankruptcy case of the legal insolvency procedure. In addition, the author draws attention to the law enforcement trend of giving priority to budgetary interests in comparison with the institutional interest of creditors of an insolvent debtor to repay claims by bringing controlling persons to subsidiary liability.
Keywords: tax, persons dependent on the taxpayer, persons controlling the debtor, subsidiary liability, bankruptcy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja)» ot 31.07.1998 # 146-FZ.
2. O nesostojatel'nosti (bankrotstve): Federal'nyj zakon ot 26.10.2002 # 127-FZ (red. ot 30.12.2020) // SZ RF. – 28.10.2002. – # 43. – St. 4190.
3. Zakonoproekt # 181057-4 «O vnesenii izmenenij v chast' pervuju NK RF v svjazi s osushhestvleniem mer po sovershenstvovaniju nalogovogo administrirovanija».
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.07.2006 # 137-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v chast' pervuju i chast' vtoruju Nalogovogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii i v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s osushhestvleniem mer po sovershenstvovaniju nalogovogo administrirovanija».
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 30.11.2016 # 401-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v chasti pervuju i vtoruju Nalogovogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii».
6. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki po aktual'nym voprosam primenenija polozhenij podpunkta 2 punkta 2 stat'i 45 Nalogovogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii (utv. prezidiumom Arbitrazhnogo suda Ural'skogo okruga 21.12.2018). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://fasuo.arbitr.ru/node/15861.
7. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii # 4 (2016), utv. Prezidiumom Verhovnogo Suda RF 20.12.2016), Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF, # 10, oktjabr', 2017 (nachalo), Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF, # 11, nojabr', 2017 (okonchanie).
8. Asoskov A. V. Kollizionnoe regulirovanie snjatija korporativnyh pokrovov // Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava. – 2013. – # 5. – S. 120-144.
9. Baciev V. V. Opasnaja zavisimost'. Analiz praktiki primenenija st. 45 Nalogovogo kodeksa // «JeZh-Jurist». – # 15. – 2018.
10. Baciev V. V. Opasnaja zavisimost'. Analiz praktiki primenenija st. 45 Nalogovogo kodeksa // «JeZh-Jurist». – # 19. – 2018.
11. Izvekov S. S. Subsidiarnaja otvetstvennost' kak sredstvo ispolnenija nalogovoj objazannosti organizacii-bankrota // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2017. – # 8 (81). – S. 52-62.
12. Izvekov S. S. Kriterii otgranichenija bankrotstva organizacii, ispol'zuemogo dlja optimizacii nalogooblozhenija ili v celjah uklonenija ot uplaty nalogov // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2017. – # 9 (82). – S. 116-125.
13. Izvekov S. S. Subsidiarnaja otvetstvennost' za neuplatu objazatel'nyh platezhej v delah o bankrotstve grazhdan i individual'nyh predprinimatelej //Nalogi i nalogooblozhenie. – 2018. – # 3. – S.23-32.
14. Litovceva Ju. V. Primenimost' pravovoj pozicii KS RF po vzyskaniju ushherba, prichinennogo nalogovym prestupleniem, k sporam, svjazannym s privlecheniem k subsidiarnoj i inoj otvetstvennosti kontrolirujushhih lic // Zakon. – 2018. – # 7. – S. 78-85.
15. Medvedeva T. M. [Kommentarij k Pis'mu FNS Rossii ot 19.12.2016 # SA-4-7/24347@] // Akty i kommentarii dlja buhgaltera. – 2017. – # 1. – S. 40-47.
16. Medvedeva T. M. Kriterii vzaimozavisimosti kompanij: na chto sleduet obratit' vnimanie // Pishhevaja promyshlennost': buhgalterskij uchet i nalogooblozhenie. – 2015. – # 6. – S. 52-57.
17. Nevzorova Ju. Podvodnye kamni inostrannogo biznesa v Rossii // JeZh-Jurist. – 2017. – # 45. – S. 4.
18. Podkopaev M. V. Povyshennye peni, uplata naloga za nalogoplatel'shhika i drugie novshestva v administrirovanii nalogov s 01.01.2017 // Buhgalter Kryma. – 2017. – # 1. – S. 68-75.
19. Sorokin D. Novoe v NK RF // JeZh-Jurist. – 2017. – #1. – S. 4.
20. Suhanov E. A. Otvetstvennost' uchastnikov korporacii po ee dolgam v sovremennom korporativnom prave // Problemy sovremennoj civilistiki: Sbornik statej, posvjashhennyh pamjati professora S. M. Korneeva / otv. red. E. A. Suhanov, M. V. Teljukina. – M., 2013. – S. 104.
21. Tishin A. P. Vzyskanie nedoimki s vzaimozavisimoj kompanii: precedent // Nalogovaja proverka. –2015. – # 2. – S. 63-69.
22. Cvetaeva V. V kakih sluchajah kompanija v otvete za chuzhie nalogovye dolgi // Nalogovyj uchet dlja buhgaltera. – 2016. – # 10. – S. 11-20.
23. Chulkova L. Vzyskanie nalogovoj zadolzhennosti organizacii s fizicheskogo lica // Nalogovyj vestnik – Konsul'tacii. Raz"jasnenija. Mnenija. – 2018. – # 2. – S. 78-85
 
TAX LAW
Kolycheva D. V., Kurlyshev A. O., Ponomarev O. V.
On the question of the effectiveness of raising the personal income tax rate to 15 % on income exceeding 5 million rubles for the tax period
This article examines an innovation in tax legislation - the introduction of a personal income tax rate of 15 % for persons with incomes over 5 million rubles per year. This innovation seems to be ineffective, since some of the citizens who receive high incomes will hide these incomes in various ways, the state will not be able to control non-residents. It is also not entirely clear how exactly the proceeds from the increased personal income tax rate will be targeted for the treatment of children?
Keywords: personal income tax, taxpayer, tax rate, tax evasion.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zan'ko N.A. (). Tenevoj biznes i uklonenie ot nalogov // Materialy Pjatnadcatoj mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj jubilejnoj konferencii: Jekonomicheskaja psihologija: sovremennye problemy i perspektivy razvitija. 2015. S. 103-108.
2. Pogorleckij A. I. Individual'noe podohodnoe nalogooblozhenie v mirovoj i rossijskoj praktike: sovremennye tendencii i perspektivy // 2013. Biznes Info rm. # 11. S. 20-28.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Beschastnova O. V., Maksimova E. V.,
Chelyabova Z. M., Gogoleva V. V.
Violence in crimes against public health and public morals
The article examines views on the nature of violence based on research and analysis of the general theoretical provisions of criminal law. The authors reveal the concept and content of violence, analyze the signs of violence in crimes against public health and public morality. It is concluded that it is necessary to revise the content and scope of the criminal law concept of violence in order to uniformly apply criminal law norms and comply with the principles of criminal law. The paper uses current judicial practice.
Keywords: violence, crimes against public morals, crimes against public health, threat, causing harm.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Abubakirov F.M. Ugolovno-pravovaja ocenka nasilija v ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve i sudebnoj praktike // Rossijskij sud'ja. - 2011. - # 8. - S. 19-22.
2. Bezruchko E. Ispol'zovanie termina «nasilie» v ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve Rossii // Ugolovnoe pravo. - 2014. - # 5. - S. 24-26.
3. Kuznecov D.V. Reformatorskaja dejatel'nost' P.A. Stolypina v svete izuchenija voprosa o sootnoshenii ponjatij «nasilie» i «prinuzhdenie» // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija «Istoricheskie nauki». - 2015. - # 1 (5). - S. 19-30.
4. Radosteva Ju.V. Ugolovno-pravovoe ponjatie nasilija: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Ekaterinburg, 2006.
5. Cheljabova Z.M. Nasilie v posjagatel'stvah na sobstvennost': ponjatie, vidy, problemy zakonodatel'noj reglamentacii, kvalifikacii i nakazanija:dissertacija ... kandidata juridicheskih nauk. - Saratov, 2020. - 253 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Gazizov T. I.
Actual problems in documenting a crime under Article 173 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
The author identifies the main problems in documenting crimes related to illegal registration or reorganization of fictitious legal entities. An analysis of this form of crime is made, the most typical criminal schemes are given. The formal features of a fictitious legal entity are highlighted. A list of documents that must be attached to the case by the investigator in order to determine the exact structure and organizers of the criminal scheme is provided. The main groups of witnesses and the strategy of their interrogation are highlighted in order to establish the involvement of each of the persons, as well as to identify the organizers.
Keywords: fictitious firms, documentation, fly-by-night firms.
Work bibliographic list
1. Govoruhin V. V. Takticheskie zadachi i puti ih reshenija pri dokumentirovanii nezakonnogo predprinimatel'stva // Aktual'nye problemy bor'by s prestuplenijami i inymi pravonarushenijami. – 2006. – #6. – S. 78-79.
2. Kulakov N. A. Problemy dokumentirovanija sotrudnikami policii administrativnyh pravonarushenij, svjazannyh s nezakonnym ispol'zovaniem muzykal'nyh proizvedenij, ispolnenij i fonogramm// Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2018. – # 3 (79).
3. Maljanova K. P. Provedenie sudebnyh jekspertiz v processe rassledovanija prestuplenij, svjazannyh s nezakonnym obrazovaniem (sozdaniem, reorganizaciej) juridicheskogo lica // Jurist"-pravoved". – 2018.– # 2 (85).
4. Nazyrova N. A. Voprosy rassledovanija prestuplenij, predusmotrennyh stat'ej 173. 1 ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii // Juridicheskaja nauka i pravoohranitel'naja praktika. – 2019. – # 3 (49).
5. Naumenko O. A. Osobennosti vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela po faktu nezakonnogo obrazovanija juridicheskogo lica // Vestnik Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2018. – # 1 (39).
6. Poljakov N. V. Dokumentirovanie lzhejekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti firm-odnodnevok, ispol'zuemyh dlja osushhestvlenija // Vestnik Sibirskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2017. – # 1 (26).
7. Cyndrja V. N. Osnovnye problemy, svjazannye s naznacheniem administrativnyh nakazanij za nezakonnoe voznagrazhdenie ot imeni juridicheskogo lica (st. 19.28 KOAP RF) // preduprezhdenie korrupcii v organah gosudarstvennoj vlasti Rossijskoj Federacii.– 2020. – S. 131-136.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Gutieva I. G.
Some problems of combating crime at the present stage
Countering crime is a rather multifaceted and capacious concept. It includes the identification and investigation of crimes, court proceedings and the execution of sentences, measures to prevent various kinds of illegal manifestations. The use of measures of a criminal law nature as a means of combating crime is relevant at all times. But at the present stage, the need for the prevention and prevention of crimes and with the help of identifying and eliminating the factors causing them is obvious. It is these problems that are discussed in the article.
Keywords: counteraction, security, criminalization, crimes, struggle, punishment, prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kropachev N. M., Vandyshev V. V., Burlakov V. N. Kriminologija. Uchebnoe posobie. - SPb.: Piter, 2019.
2. Kudrjavcev A. V, Mihajlov A. E. Kriminologija (obshhaja chast'), 2020. - Gl. 5.
3. Leshhenko O. V. Penitenciarnaja kriminologija. Lichnost' nesovershennoletnego osuzhdennogo. Uchebnoe posobie. - M.: Jurajt, 2019.
4. Timko S. A. O sushhnosti ponjatija «protivodejstvie prestupnosti» // Jurist"-Pravoved". - 2018. - # 1 (84).- S. 6-11.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Janaliev M. E.
Object, functions and limits of prosecutor’s supervision in the Kyrgyz Republic in the field of protection rights and interests of minors
The article is devoted to one of the basic issues of the theory of prosecutor’s supervision in the field of protection of the rights and interests of minors, related to the definition of the range of objects supervised by the prosecutor; the content of the main and additional functions of prosecutor’s supervision is disclosed. Based on the analysis of literary sources, the lack of a common understanding in science of such an important category for prosecutors as «the powers of the prosecutor» is revealed. It is concluded that the lack of clear procedures for prosecutorial supervision contributes, on the one hand, to violations of the law, improper use of the powers granted by prosecutors, and, on the other, to the bureaucratization of their activities.
Keywords: rights and interests of minors, legislation, prosecutor’s supervision, object of prosecutor’s supervision, main and additional functions, competence of prosecutor’s offices.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ashurbekov T.A. Pravovye i organizacionnye osnovy nadzornoj i inoj funkcional'noj dejatel'nosti prokuratury v sfere nacional'noj bezopasnosti:dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk: 12.00.11; Akad. Gen. prokuratury RF. – M., 2010. – 412 s.
2. Berenzon A.D. Osnovnye napravlenija sovershenstvovanija obshhego nadzora prokuratury: dis. …dokt. jurid. nauk. – M., 1977. – 315 s.
3. Bessarabov V.G. i dr. Predmet, predely nadzora za ispolneniem zakonov i polnomochija prokurora po ego osushhestvleniju / V kn.: Nastol'naja kniga prokurora / V.G. Bessarabov, I.S. Viktorov, A.H. Kazarina, M.V. Mamatov; Pod obshh. red. S.G. Kehlerova, O.S.Kapinus; Nauch. red. A.Ju. Vinokurov. – M.: Jurajt, 2013. – 530 s.
4. Viktorov I.S. Prokurorskij nadzor: uchebnik; Pod red. A.Ja. Suhareva. – M.: Norma, 2005. – 480 s.
5. Gavrilov V.V. Sushhnost' prokurorskogo nadzora v SSSR. – Saratov: Izd-vo Sarat. un-ta, 1984. – 151 s.
6. Daev V.D., Marshunov M.N. Osnovy teorii prokurorskogo nadzora: ucheb. posobie. – Leningrad: Izd-vo Leningrad. un-ta, 1990. – 151 s.
7. Dolgova A.I. Formy prokurorskogo nadzora / Voprosy prokurorskogo nadzora /Pod red. V.V. Remneva. – M., 1972. – 198 s.
8. Dolezhan V.V. Problemy kompetencii prokuratury: avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk: 12.00.11;Vsesojuznyj nauchno-issledovatel'skij institut problem ukreplenija zakonnosti i pravoporjadka. –M.,1991. – 48 s.
9. Emel'janov S.A. Preduprezhdenie pravonarushenij sredstvami obshhego nadzora prokuratury. – M.:Jurid. lit., 1980. – 117 s.
10. Zakon KR O prokurature Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki» ot 24 avgusta 2020 goda #143 // Jerkin-Too. – 2020. – 4 sent. (# 70).
11. Kazarina A.H. Predmet i predely prokurorskogo nadzora za ispolneniem zakonov (sfera predprinimatel'skoj i inoj jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti): monografija. – M.: In-t povyshenija ruk. kadrov Genprokuratury Ros. Federacii, 2005. – 280 s.
12. Konstitucionnyj zakon KR «Ob otdel'nyh polnomochijah organov prokuratury Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki, ustanovlennyh Konstituciej Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki» ot 13 ijulja 2017 goda # 124 // Jerkin-Too. – 2017. – 18 ijulja (# 82).
13. Koombaev A.A. Polozhenie lichnosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve (na materialah Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki i Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. … d-ra jurid. nauk: 12.00.; Akad. upravlenija MVD Rossii.– M., 2014. – 573 s.
14. Marshunov M.N. Prokurorsko-nadzornoe pravo. Problemy pravovogo regulirovanija. – SPb: Izd-vo S.-Peterburg. un-ta, 1991. – 128 s.
15. Melkumov V.G. Sovetskaja prokuratura i problemy obshhego nadzora:: monografija. – Dushanbe: Irfon, 1970. – 218 s.
16. Moloev D.Zh. Rol' i mesto prokurorskogo nadzora v sisteme gosudarstvennogo kontrolja za dejatel'nost'ju organov vnutrennih del Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki // Juridicheskaja biblioteka «Juristlib».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa.– http://
www.juristlib.ru/
17. Nechevin D.K., Poljakov M.M. Polnomochija prokuratury po protivodejstviju korrupcii v Rossijskoj Federacii: administrativno-pravovye aspekty:monografija; Pod red. I.M. Mackevicha. – M.: Prospekt, 2013. – 144 s.
18. Safonov A.P. Osobennosti i tendencii razvitija pravomochij prokurorskogo nadzora // Sovershenstvovanie pravovogo regulirovanija prokurorskogo nadzora v SSSR: sb. nauch. trudov. – M.: Jurid. lit., 1978. – 212 s.
19. Subanova N.V. Teoreticheskie i prikladnye osnovy prokurorskogo nadzora za ispolneniem zakonov o razreshitel'noj sisteme: dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk: 12.00.11; 12.00.14; Akademija General'noj prokuratury RF. – M., 2014. – 462 s.
20. Chubykin A.V. Processual'nyj status prokurora v stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.09; Akad. General'noj prokuratury RF. – M., 2014. – 199 s.
21. Shemshuchenko M.S. Teoreticheskie problemy prokurorskogo nadzora // Problemy razvitija prokuratury v processe stanovlenija pravovogo gosudarstva. – Kiev, 1996. – S. 15-19
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Ilidzhev A. A.
The role of certain criminal laws in determining the essence of preparation for a crime
The article analyzes the prescriptions of the criminal law on preparation for a crime, which are divided by the author into general and special ones. In the study, taking into account different views in the theory of criminal law, as well as materials of judicial practice, the content of the fundamental signs of preparation for a crime is revealed and the need to make appropriate additions to the criminal law is substantiated.
Keywords: seeking, creating conditions, complicity, committing a crime, criminal liability, prescription.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aktual'nye problemy ugolovnogo prava: uchebnik dlja magistrantov / A. V. Groshev i dr. – M.: Prospekt, 2015. – 560 s.
2. Babij N. A. Uchenie o stadijah prestuplenij i neokonchennyh prestuplenijah: monografija. – M.:Jurlitinform, 2017. – 747 s.
3. Vasil'evskij A. V. Differenciacija ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti i nakazanija za neokonchennoe prestuplenie // Juridicheskaja tehnika i voprosy differenciacii otvetstvennosti v ugolovnom prave i processe / pod red. L. L. Kruglikova. –Jaroslavl', 1988. – S. 83-84.
4. Vasil'evskij A. V. Differenciacija ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti pri souchastii // Differenciacija otvetstvennosti i problemy juridicheskoj tehniki v ugolovnom prave i processe / pod red. L. L. Kruglikova. – Jaroslavl', 2002. – S. 42.
5. Gauhman L. D. Kvalifikacija prestuplenij: zakon, teorija, praktika. 4-e izd. pererab. i dopoln.– M.: AO «Centr JurInfoR», 2010. – 559 s.
6. Zhukova T. G. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' za prigotovlenie k prestupleniju i pokushenie na prestuplenie: monografija. – M.: Ileksa, 2007. – 134 s.
7. Zacepin A. M. Dopolnitel'naja kvalifikacija prestuplenija: obshhie i special'nye voprosy:monografija. – M.: Prospekt, 2016. – 303 s.
8. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii / otv. red. V. M. Lebedev. – M.:Jurajt-M, 2001. – 736 s.
9. Nikolaev K. D. Ponjatie, priznaki i formy prigotovlenija k prestupleniju // Aktual'nye voprosy bor'by s prestuplenijami. – 2015. – # 4. – S. 15.
10. Ozhegov S. I., Shvedova N. Ju. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka / Rossijskaja akademija nauk. Institut russkogo jazyka im. V. V. Vinogradova. 4-e izd., dop. – M.: OOO TEMP, 2006. – 944 s.
11. Pleshakov S. M., Janina I. Ju. Vidy neudavshegosja souchastija // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2016. – # 1. – S. 40-43.
12. Porotikov D. Ju. Neokonchennoe prestuplenie: teoreticheskie modeli, zakonodatel'nye konstrukcii i problemy ih primenenija: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2007. – 29 s.
13. Stanovskij A. M. Nekotorye voprosy otvetstvennosti za prigotovlenie k prestupleniju // Sovershenstvovanie ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva v sovremennyh uslovijah / otv. red. B. V. Malinin.– SPb., 2011. – S. 583-584.
14. Jenciklopedija ugolovnogo prava. T. 5: Neokonchennoe prestuplenie / otv. red. V. B. Malinin. – SPb.:Izdanie prof. Malinina V. B., 2006. – 462 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kodzokova L. A., Kumysheva M. K.
Problems of qualification of some types of theft
Theft is a serious crime of the law and the punishment for acts of this nature can be very severe. In addition, such actions and convictions for them negatively affect a person’s future. As is known, theft is secret theft of someone else’s property. It has a fairly extensive list of objects of
encroachment, which often causes problems when qualifying acts. The article will discuss the types of thefts, problems associated with their qualifications and differentiation with related structures.
Keywords: theft, theft, theft, qualification, signs, fraud, robbery, robbery, composition, punishment, responsibility, problems, property.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 08.04.2021) / Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija:20.05.2021). – St.st. 30, 146, 158, 161, 162.
2. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 26.05.2021) / Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus» (data obrashhenija: 30.05.2021). – St. 7.27.
3. Nafikov M. M. Problemy kvalifikacii krazh:voprosy teorii i praktiki // Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i sociologii. – 2016. – # 1. – S. 160-162.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kopylova L. Ya.
On the voluntary nature of the work of persons sentenced to imprisonment
The article considers the tendency to avoid mandatory labor in the international legal standards for the treatment of prisoners and analyzes the possible results of the introduction of voluntary labor in the penal enforcement legislation of the Russian Federation. The factors influencing the possible refusal of convicts to be deprived of their liberty to work in penitentiary institutions, which will lead to the complication of security problems in correctional institutions and the deterioration of the economic situation of convicts, their families and the penal system as a whole, are investigated.
Keywords: compulsory labor, voluntary labor, labor activity, convicts.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 29 aprelja 2021g. # 1138-r «Ob utverzhdenii Koncepcii razvitija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy RF na period do 2030 g.».
2. Osnovnye principy obrashhenija s zakljuchennymi» (Prinjaty 14.12.1990 Rezoljuciej 45/111 General'noj Assamblei OON). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/prisoners_treatment.shtml(data obrashhenija: 20.05.2021).
3. Chernyshov I. N. Trud osuzhdennyh k lisheniju svobody: protivorechija i Mirusin I. S. K voprosu ob objazatel'nosti truda osuzhdennyh // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2016. - # 412.
4. puti ih razreshenija: avtoreferat dis. ... kandidata jekonomicheskih nauk: 08.00.05.
5. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo Rossii: ucheb. Dlja jurid. vuzov i f-tov / pod red. A. I. Zubkova. - M.:Izd. gruppa INFRA– M–NORMA, 2007.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Magomedov D. M., Radghabov Sh. R.
Problems in the fight against illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances
Illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances is not only a national problem, measures to combat the “black market” are being developed at the international level. Russia has ratified a number of international legal acts providing for the control over prohibited substances and their various analogues. This article discusses problematic issues that arise in the process of conducting criminal law enforcement by law enforcement agencies, suppression and proof of offenses under Art. 228-229 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (hereinafter - the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation). Such important issues as: the person’s awareness of the illegitimacy of their actions, the influence of the drugs themselves on the physical and mental state of a person, as well as the issue of the correct qualification of substances as narcotic or psychotropic are touched upon.
Keywords: drug addiction, narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, precursors, illicit trafficking, combating illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, drug business, crime, counteraction.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Burlakova E. E. Ponjatie nezakonnogo oborota narkoticheskih sredstv i psihotropnyh veshhestv // Nauchnye issledovanija. 2020 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ponyatie-nezakonnogo-oborota-narkoticheskihsredstv-i-psihotropnyh-veschestv (data obrashhenija:02.06.2021).
2. Novoselov N. G. Moiseev N. A. Puti sovershenstvovanija bor'by s nezakonnym oborotom narkoticheskih sredstv i psihotropnyh veshhestv// Problemy pravoohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti. 2017. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/puti-sovershenstvovaniya-borby-snezakonnym-oborotom-narkoticheskih-sredstv-ipsihotropnyh-veschestv (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
3. Potaskuev V. L., Rumjancev A. A. Ob ispol'zovanii naborov himicheskih reaktivov dlja izgotovlenija psihoaktivnyh veshhestv // Antinarkoticheskaja bezopasnost'. - 2014. - # 1. - S. 105.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Mazhinsky R. A., Mazhinskaya N. G.
Some criminal-legal and technical problems of detecting thefts of car-sharing vehicles
Тhe article discusses some problems of countering the theft of motor vehicles, including the use of a fake (someone else’s) account for short-term rental-car sharing. In connection with the special electronic-digital procedure for concluding and terminating such a contract and the frequent cases of illegal acquisition without the purpose of theft of such vehicles, the problem of identifying the driver and filling in the gaps of legal and technical regulation in this area is raised. The authors analyze the causes and propose the introduction of some legal and technical ways to solve problems in this area.
Keywords: car sharing, motor vehicles, illegal acquisition without the purpose of theft, theft, traffic police, fake account, kladmen, identification, face recognition system, hardware and software complex (APK) “Safe City”, GLONASS, photo-combined portrait (sketch).
Work bibliographic list
1. Voronin A. I. Tenevaja storona karsheringa ili kak karshering otkryl novye perspektivy kriminalu.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.9111.ru/questions/777777777782620/ (data obrashhenija: 05.05.2021).
2. Sistema «Bezopasnyj gorod» zashhitit EAO ot vneshnih ugroz. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://birobidjan.bezformata.ru/listnews/bezopasnijgorod-zashitit-eao/49975499/ (data obrashhenija:05.05.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Omarova D. М., Esenbulatova E. Kh.
Legal status of persons connected to restriction of freedom
Тhe article examines the issue of the peculiarities of the implementation of the rights of persons sentenced to criminal punishment, their legal status during the execution of criminal punishment.
Particular attention is paid to the electoral right of convicts as the most discussed issue in science.
The concept of political rights possessed by the citizens of the state is given. In accordance with the prohibition of the constitutional provision, electoral rights cannot be exercised by those sentenced to imprisonment. According to the current legislation, those accused of committing crimes held in pre-trial detention centers are not deprived of their suffrage. Also, those sentenced to other types of punishment not related to imprisonment are not deprived of this right. In science today there is an active discussion of the issue of non-individualized deprivation of persons sentenced to imprisonment of this political right.
The peculiarities of the realization of the right to association of those sentenced to imprisonment, as well as the right to petition, are considered. A ban on other political rights is noted, since institutions and bodies of the penal system are restricted areas. The article provides a comparative analysis with foreign practice.
Keywords: convicts, the legal status of convicts, human rights, personal rights, political rights of citizens, suffrage.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 # 7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 01.07.2020 # 11-FKZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 01.07.2020. – # 31. – St. 4398.
2. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 08.01.1997 # 1-FZ (red. ot 05.04.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 13.01.1997. – # 2.
3. Prikaz Minjusta RF ot 3 sentjabrja 2007 g. # 178 «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o rezhimnyh trebovanijah na territorii, prilegajushhej k uchrezhdeniju, podvedomstvennomu territorial'nomu organu ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy». – [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: [Konsul'tant pljus].- Zagl. s jekrana.
4. Federal'naja sluzhba ispolnenija nakazanij: oficial'nyj sajt. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://fsin.rf (data obrashhenija: 02.05.2021).
5. Zavalenkova E. A. Realizacija izbiratel'nyh prav osuzhdennyh lic v stranah Evropy // Prava cheloveka i mezhdunarodnoe pravo: sb. st. molodyh uchenyh. – M.,2016. – S. 86-90.
6. Izbiratel'noe pravo sovremennoj Francii: sb. perevodov. – M., 2011. – 176 s.
7. Kolina I. V. Realizacija passivnogo izbiratel'nogo prava podozrevaemymi, obvinjaemymi i osuzhdennymi v penitenciarnyh uchrezhdenijah Rossii // Juridicheskaja nauka i praktika: Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii. – 2014. – # 2 (26). – S. 227-230
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Paliy V. V., Ragulina A. V.
Involvement in a crime: the limits of imputation in complicity
The article deals with the involvement in committing a crime through the institution of complicity.
The analysis of incitement means showed that in the volume they coincide with involvement. The research of subjective content of accomplices’ activity was carried out. The difference of incitement from other cases of psychological influence on the persons with the purpose to induce them to commitment of crimes was shown. The point of view on the inadmissibility of recognition of complicity with a unilateral subjective connection is argued, since this would lead to the blurring of the boundaries between this institution and other cases of plurality of persons in a crime. The authors note that a shortcoming of the current legislation is the lack of criminal law rules allowing to assess the actions of an intermediary instigator or other cases of “disguised” assistance in the commission of a crime. It was concluded that the questions about the limits of imputation in complicity should be decided taking into account the degree of guilt of each of the accomplices.
Keywords: involvement, instigator, intermediary causing, incitements, implication in a crime, inducement, complicity, jointness, subjective connection, excessive act.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Agapov P. Publichnye prizyvy k osushhestvleniju terroristicheskoj dejatel'nosti ili publichnoe opravdanie terrorizma: analiz zakonodatel'noj novacii // Ugolovnoe pravo. – 2007. – # 1.
2. Aleksandrova Z. E. Slovar' sinonimov russkogo jazyka / Pod red. L. A. Cheshko. Izd. 3-e. – M., 1971.
3. Grishaev P. I., Kriger G. A. Souchastie po ugolovnomu pravu. – M., 1959.
4. Ivanov N. G. Motiv prestupnogo dejanija. – M., 1997.
5. Kapinus O. S., Obrazhiev K. V. Jekscess ispolnitelja i inyh souchastnikov prestuplenija: problemy kvalifikacii // Ugolovnoe pravo. – 2018. – # 2.
6. Luneev V. V. Motivacija prestupnogo povedenija. –M., 1991.
7. Molchanov D. M. Ispolnitel' prestuplenija v souchastii i bez souchastija: universal'naja rol' v mnogoobrazii juridicheskih konstrukcij// Lex Russica.– # 3. – 2021.
8. Plotnikov A. I. Sovmestnost' i vzaimosvjaz' dejanij v kontekste problemy souchastija v prestuplenii // Sud'ja. – # 4. – 2016.
9. Rarog A. I. Nastol'naja kniga sud'i po kvalifikacii prestuplenij: prakt. posobie. – M., Prospekt, 2006.
10. Cereteli T. Prichinnaja svjaz' v ugolovnom prave. –Tbilisi, 1957.
11. Jani P. S. Motiv souchastnika // Zakonnost'. – 2019.– # 8.
12. Jani P. S. Problemy ponimanija souchastija v sudebnoj praktike // Zakonnost'. – 2013. – # 7
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Novikova Yu. G., Koshelyuk B. E.
Current issues in criminal proceedings in respect of minors
The object of the research is the totality of social relations developing in the field of criminal procedure in criminal proceedings against minors. The subject of the research is the legal nature, the problems of improving the conditions, the procedure for criminal proceedings against minors, as well as the procedural position of a juvenile suspect, accused with participation in the case. The authors focus on procedural issues related to the change in the course of criminal proceedings in the age of a person who committed a crime before reaching eighteen years, and also analyze the feasibility of additional guarantees regulated by law and implemented in the course of law enforcement activities and possible procedural restrictions for this category of participants in criminal proceedings.
Keywords: criminal proceedings against minors, ensuring the rights of juvenile suspects, accused, criminal procedural capacity, additional procedural guarantees for ensuring the rights of juvenile suspects, accused.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Minimal'nye standartnye pravila Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij, kasajushhiesja otpravlenija pravosudija v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih (Pekinskie pravila). Prinjaty rezoljuciej 40/33 General'noj Assamblei ot 29.11.1985. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/beijing_rules.shtml(data obrashhenija 17.04.2021).
2. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 01.02.2011 # 1 (red. ot 29.11.2016) «O sudebnoj praktike primenenija zakonodatel'stva, reglamentirujushhego osobennosti ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti i nakazanija nesovershennoletnih». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_110315/ (data obrashhenija14.04.2021).
3. Bjulleten' sudebnoj praktiki Sverdlovskogo oblastnogo suda po ugolovnym delam v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih i grazhdanskim delam, vytekajushhim iz semejnyh pravootnoshenij za I kvartal 2020 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ekboblsud.ru/sudpr_det.php?srazd=14&id=262&page=1 (data obrashhenija18.04.2021).
4. Bjulleten' sudebnoj praktiki Sverdlovskogo oblastnogo suda po ugolovnym delam v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih i grazhdanskim delam, vytekajushhim iz semejnyh pravootnoshenij za III kvartal 2020 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ekboblsud.ru/sudpr_det.php?srazd=14&id=276&page=1 (data obrashhenija18.04.2021).
5. Apelljacionnoe postanovlenie # 22-4077/2020 ot 23 ijunja 2020 goda po delu # 22-4077/2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/S0iAIHBZuBYh/ (data obrashhenija 18.04.2021).
6. Ovsjannikov I.V. Problemy proizvodstva po ugolovnym delam v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih //Vestnik Voronezhskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2014.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemy-proizvodstva-pougolovnym-delam-v-otnoshenii-nesovershennoletnih(data obrashhenija 14.04.2021).
7. Samsonova O.A., Orhokova E.A. Aktual'nye voprosy zakljuchenija dosudebnogo soglashenija o sotrudnichestve // Sibirskie ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie chtenija. 2015. # 1. S. 60-69.
8. Smirnov A.V. Ugolovnyj process: uchebnik / A.V. Smirnov, K.B. Kalinovskij; pod obshh. red. prof. A.V. Smirnova. — 4-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: KNO-RUS, 2008. 704 s.
9. Tat'janina L.G. Ugolovno-processual'naja deesposobnost' v strukture lichnosti uchastnika ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. 2005. # 6 (2). S. 124-130.
10. Ugolovnyj process: uchebnik dlja bakalavriata juridicheskih vuzov/ O. I. Andreeva [i dr.]; pod red. O. I. Andreevoj, A. D. Nazarova, N. G. Stojko i A. G. Tuzova. Rostov n/D: Feniks, 2015. 445 s.
11. Ugol'nikova N.V. Cel' differenciacii proizvodstva po ugolovnym delam v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2016. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/tsel-differentsiatsii-proizvodstva-po-ugolovnymdelam-v-otnoshenii-nesovershennoletnih (data obrashhenija 14.04.2021).
12. Hromova N.M. Vozmozhnost' primenenija dogovornoj formy sudebnogo razbiratel'stva po ugolovnym delam v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih //Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2017. # 10. S. 111-120.
13. Jakimovich Ju.K. O nekotoryh voprosah dal'nejshej differenciacii ugolovnogo processa Rossii //Ugolovnaja justicija. 2013. # 1 (1). S. 59-64.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Tatyanchenko L. E., Shvachkin I. E.
Problems of using evaluation categories in the construction of certain elements of crimes: necessity or excess?
As a result of the study of the evaluation categories, serious disputes and mutual misunderstandings of scientists on this issue were revealed. Doctrinal interpretations of evaluative categories are united in recognizing their variability, not concretization, generality. The norms of the criminal law operate with a huge number of evaluation categories and concepts, which together give rise to various technologies of law enforcement. In this paper, an attempt is made to consider the essence and meaning of evaluation categories, and their combined impact on the construction of the corpus delicti.
Keywords: Criminal Code, evaluative concepts, evaluative categories, «rubber norms», civil law doctrine, criminal law doctrine, «social group», «group of vulnerable persons», convergence of legal phenomena.
Work bibliographic list
1. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossii ot 22 aprelja 2010 g. # 564-O-O. // Tekst opredelenija oficial'no opublikovan ne byl. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/1795310/ (data obrashhenija: 09.05.2021)
2. Prigovor Oktjabr'skogo rajonnogo suda goroda Saratova ot 27 fevralja 2017 g. po delu # 1-28/2017.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/ylg8pRiFB6gh/ (data obrashhenija: 09.05.2021).
3. Punkt 2 postanovlenija Plenuma VS RF ot 3 nojabrja 2016 g. # 41 «O vnesenii izmenenij v postanovlenija Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 9 fevralja 2012 goda # 1 «O nekotoryh voprosah sudebnoj praktiki po ugolovnym delam o
prestuplenijah terroristicheskoj napravlennosti» i ot 28 ijunja 2011 goda # 11 «O sudebnoj praktike po ugolovnym delam o prestuplenijah jekstremistskoj napravlennosti»». Postanovlenie Plenuma VS RF ot 20 sentjabrja 2018 g. # 32 «O vnesenii izmenenij v postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 28 ijunja 2011 goda # 11 «O sudebnoj praktike po ugolovnym delam o prestuplenijah jekstremistskoj napravlennosti»». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://study.
garant.ru/58202247 (data obrashhenija: 09.05.2021).
4. Punkt 87 opisatel'no-motivirovochnoj chasti Postanovlenija ESPCh ot 28 avgusta 2018 g. po delu «Savva Terent'ev (Savva Terentyev) protiv Rossijskoj Federacii» (zhaloba # 10692/09). V to zhe vremja Sud otmetil, chto rassmotrenie policii kak social'noj gruppy «ne protivorechit estestvennomu znacheniju slov» (p. 57). // Bjulleten' Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka. Rossijskoe izdanie. - 2018. - # 10.
5. Alatorcev A. Ju. Pravovaja opredelennost' ugolovno-pravovogo zapreta: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. - M.:MGU im. M. V. Lomonosova, 2018.
6. Bershickij Je. E. Pravovaja opredelennost' i ocenochnye kategorii: kratkij ocherk na primere sostavov pravonarushenij v razlichnyh otrasljah prava[Jelektronnoe izdanie]. - M.: M-Logos, 2021.
7. Vil'njanskij S. I. Primenenie norm sovetskogo prava (uchenye zapiski Har'kovskogo juridicheskogo instituta im. L. M. Kaganovicha). - Har'kov: Izdatel'stvo Har'kovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 1956.
8. Kashanina T. V. Ocenochnye ponjatija v sovetskom prave: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Sverdlovsk, 1974.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Tlupova A. V., Karchaeva K. A.
Counteraction to crimes of extremist orientation at the present stage
An analysis of the crimes committed on the territory of the Russian Federation in recent years leads us to the conclusion that the number of extremist crimes has increased. We must not forget
that this type of crime has a high social danger, since most of the crimes of an extremist orientation develop into crimes of a terrorist orientation. This type of crime poses a threat to society and the state as a whole. What explains the urgency of developing new methods of combating crimes of extremist orientation, improving existing ones, at both its level: suppression and prevention.
Keywords: extremism, crime, crime prevention, crime suppression, crime prevention, extremist orientation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29.05.2020 g. # 344 «Ob utverzhdenii Strategii protivodejstvija jekstremizmu v Rossijskoj Federacii do 2025 goda».
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 25 ijulja 2002 g. # 114-FZ «O protivodejstvii jekstremistkoj dejatel'nosti» (v red. ot 08 dekabrja 2020 g. # 429-FZ) // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2002. – 30 ijulja.
3. Kirilenko V. P., Alekseev G. V. Aktual'nye problemy protivodejstvija prestuplenijam jekstremistskoj napravlennosti // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal – 2018 – T. 12. – # 4 – S. 561-563.
4. Petrjanin A. V. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika prestuplenij jekstremistskoj napravlennosti: metodicheskie rekomendacii. – N. Novgorod, 2015. – 43 s.
5. Pokazateli prestupnosti v Rossii // Portal pravovoj statistiki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://crimestat.ru/offenses_chart (data obrashhenija: 18.04.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Urusov Z. Kh.
Methods and means of combating organized crime in COVID-19 conditions
The author of the article argues that at present the problem of combating organized crime in the conditions of COVID-19 is relevant for study in order to prevent and suppress crimes by organized criminal groups. The author of the article identifies the categories of fraudulent activities (telephone fraud, cyber fraud, fraud in the field of contactless payments) and analyzes their criminological features and allows to identify the main subtypes of fraudulent activities and assess the social danger of such crimes at the present stage.
Keywords: organized criminal groups, fraud, pandemic crime, fraudulent activities.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grin'ko S. D. Osobennosti organizovannoj prestupnosti // Zakon i pravo. Pravo. - 2019. - # 12 - C. 75-76.
2. Zikeev V. A. Kriminologicheskie aspekty posledstvij pandemii covid-19// Kriminologija: vchera, segodnja, zavtra. Pravo. - 2020. - # 2 - C. 53-57.
3. Kriminal menjaet maski. Pandemija grozit vspleskom organizovannoj prestupnosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2020/05/18/pandemiia-grozit-vspleskom-organizovannojprestupnosti.html (data obrashhenija: 05. 05.2021).
4. Shamaev A. M. Voprosy osushhestvlenija predvaritel'nogo sledstvija i doznanija v uslovijah pandemii COVID-19 // V sbornike: Ugolovno-pravovye, ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie aspekty protivodejstvija sovremennoj prestupnosti. Sbornik nauchnyh stat'ej po materialam Regional'nogo kruglogo stola: materialy i doklady. FGBOU VO «Moskovskij pedagogicheskij gosudarstvennyj universitet», Stavropol'skij filial. - 2020. - S. 401-404.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Eremeev A. B.
Methodological support for the investigation of tax crimes committed by the self-employed
The article deals with issues related to the methodology of investigation of crimes in the field of tax evasion committed by selfemployed persons. To date, there is a need to develop a methodology for investigating crimes related to tax evasion of self-employed citizens. The article raises questions related to the consideration of the circumstances to be established in the course of the investigation of the category of crimes under consideration. It is unlikely that any of the experts in the field of economic crimes will agree with the thesis that the problems that arise in tax investigations can be solved only by changing the body of preliminary investigation. During the 10 years of work of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation, 208 billion rubles were reimbursed to the state budget for tax crimes; the value of the property that was seized amounted to 67 billion rubles, and in the last four years, investigators have managed to recover an average of 50 % of the damage caused. Thus, thanks to the powers to investigate tax crimes, the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation today can not only report on the number of criminal cases sent to the court, but also indicate the amount of money reimbursed to the budget in today’s difficult time. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of criminal cases initiated for tax crimes.
Keywords: self-employed, self-employment, tax evasion, tax crimes, crime investigation methods.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 g., # 63-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 1996. - # 25. - St. 2954.
2. Kozlov V. A. Bor'ba s prestupnost'ju v sfere jekonomiki. - M., 2005. - 194 s.
3. Lopashenko N. A. Jekonomicheskie prestuplenija:monografija: v 2 t. - M.: Norma, 2007. - T. 2. - S. 351.
4. Panskov V. G. Nalogi i nalogovaja sistema RF: uchebnik. - M.: Finansy i statistika, 2006. - S. 18-25.
5. Jusupkadieva S. N., Mirzehanov K. S. K voprosu o neobhodimosti sovershenstvovanija metodiki rassledovanija nalogovyh prestuplenij // Vestnik Dagestanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2015.- # 2. - S. 143-148.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Imamova E. M.
Features of qualification of theft from an oil pipeline, gas pipeline, oil product pipeline
The article analyzes the theoretical, legal and applied problems of qualification of theft from an oil pipeline, gas pipeline, oil product pipeline by means of unauthorized tie-ins into main or production oil product pipelines and examines the features of the criminal-legal assessment of their careless damage. The high social danger of these crimes and significant material damage are noted. The results of the study allow us to reveal some contradictions in the application of measures of criminal responsibility for the same unlawful acts committed under identical circumstances.
Keywords: qualification, theft, oil product pipelines, unauthorized tie-in, oil pipeline, gas pipeline.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bagautdinov F. N., Gumarov I. A. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' za hishhenie iz magistral'nyh truboprovodov // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2008. # 2. C. 34.
2. Lopatin D.A. Problemy kvalifikacii krazh iz nefteprovodov v sisteme shozhih sostavov prestupnyh dejanij // Nauchnyj dajdzhest Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2019. # 3 (3). S. 99-105.
3. Tumanov A.S. Krazhi, sovershennye iz truboprovodov: nekotorye voprosy ugolovnogo prava i operativno-razysknoj dejatel'nosti // Akademicheskaja mysl'. 2020. # 1 (10). S. 51-53.
4. Chapaev I.A. Krazhi iz nefteprovodov i nefteproduktoprovodov: sovremennye tendencii i determinanty // Akademicheskaja mysl'. 2021. # 1 (14). S.72-76.
5. Chernyshev D.B. Krazha iz nefteprovoda, nefteproduktoprovoda, gazoprovoda, soprjazhennaja s ih povrezhdeniem – problemy sovokupnogo vmenenija //Vestnik Kazanskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2019. # 2 (36). S. 234-238.
6. Shnajder A.V. K voprosu o krazhe, sovershennoj iz nefteprovoda, nefteproduktoprovoda, gazoprovoda // V sbornike: Vestnik molodogo uchenogo Kuzbasskogo instituta FSIN Rossii. Sbornik nauchnyh statej. Otvetstvennyj redaktor A.G. Chirikov. Novokuzneck, 2017. S. 109-110.
7. Informacija s oficial'nogo sajta SudAkt: Sudebnye i normativnye akty RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/ (data obrashhenija:11.05.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kidyaev D. N.
Improving the methods of managerial influence on terrorist crimes
Terrorism is a problem not only for the Russian Federation, but also for the whole world. This type of crime became particularly acute in the 20th century, since it was during this period of time that the socio-political sphere began to open up more and more contradictions, social relations began to change rapidly, as a result of which violence became one of the levers that could stop the struggle between various criminal groups and parties.
In this article, the current state of terrorism was considered, its current problems were identified, new ways of committing terrorist crimes were revealed, and foreign experience in the fight against terrorism was considered. They also discussed the problems that arise from international relations in the field of countering terrorist crimes.
This article also notes how the law regulating crimes in this area, namely the Federal Law “On Countering Terrorism”, has changed.
New methods of committing terrorist crimes have been established, using technical means such as smartphones, computers, as well as the Internet.
Also, many other problems arising from this area were identified, the existing methods of influencing the commission of crimes of a terrorist nature were established, and new ones were proposed that will help to improve modern legislation and help to significantly minimize the number of crimes committed in this area.
Keywords: improvement of legislation, terrorism, terrorist crimes, methods of influence, criminal, terrorist, close relatives of terrorists, measures of responsibility for a terrorist act.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii // Federal'nyj zakon ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ. (s izmenenijami na 5 aprelja 2021 goda).
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 6 marta 2006 g. # 35-FZ «O protivodejstvii terrorizmu» // Opublikovan v «Parlamentskoj gazete» ot 10 marta 2006 g. # 32, v «Rossijskoj gazete» ot 10 marta 2006 g. # 48, v Sobranii zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 marta 2006 g. # 11 st. 1146.
3. Mezhdunarodnaja konvencija o bor'be s bombovym terrorizmom: zakljuchena v g. N'ju-Jorke 15 dek. 1997 g. //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 2001. - # 35. - St. 3513.
4. Mezhdunarodnaja konvencija o bor'be s zahvatom zalozhnikov: zakljuchena v g. N'ju-Jorke 17 dek. 1979 g. // Sbornik mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov SSSR. - M., 1989. - Vyp. 43. - S. 99-105.
5. Shanhajskaja konvencija o bor'be s terrorizmom, separatizmom i jekstremizmom: zakljuchena v g. Shanhae 14 ijunja 2001 goda. // Ratificirovana Federal'nym zakonom RF ot 10 janvarja 2003 goda # 3-FZ «O ratifikacii Shanhajskoj konvencii o bor'be s terrorizmom, separatizmom i jekstremizmom».
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Litvinov R. V.
Some problems of juvenile criminal justice
The article deals with some problems of imperfection of the criminal procedure legislation in relation to juvenile delinquency. The liberalization of the state in the selection of a soft measure of restraint or the imposition of a sentence that is not associated with restriction or deprivation of liberty, creates a sense of impunity for juvenile offenders.
Keywords: minor, crime, liberality, impunity, prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grinenko A.V. Ugolovnyj process: uchebnik i praktikum. – M.: Jurajt, 2016. – 333 s.
2. Zuev S.V., Sutjagin K.I. Ugolovnyj process: uchebnik. – Cheljabinsk: Izdatel'skij centr JuUrGU, 2016. – 500 s.
3. Klimenok M. A. Osobennosti preduprezhdenija domashnego nasilija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2019. – # 14 (252). – S. 173-175.
4. Morozova S. I. Problemy sudoproizvodstva po prestuplenijam nesovershennoletnih // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2017. – # 41. – S. 120-122.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Litra E. N.
On the issue of criminal law protection of the right of common land ownership to land plots from agricultural land
Land reform and the redistribution of collective farm lands have become fertile ground for various fraudulent schemes with land shares, which are still used by land scammers. The article deals with the problematic issues of criminal law protection of common land ownership of land plots from agricultural land. The analysis of the modern criminological reasons and conditions of commission of criminal acts in the sphere of use and turnover of such lands is given, the analysis of the established judicial practice on the considered category of criminal cases is made.
Keywords: fraud, agricultural land, land turnover, land share, share, agricultural land.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Vlasov V. A., Tolstikov V. A., Mashinistova D. A. Otdel'nye aspekty razvitija pravovoj modeli ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za sovershenie prestuplenij v sfere zemel'nyh otnoshenij // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 2 (153). – S.203-205.
2. Emel'jancev V.P. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki o priobretenii prava na nevostrebovannye zemel'nye doli bez torgov // Kommentarij praktiki rassmotrenija jekonomicheskih sporov (sudebno-arbitrazhnoj praktiki) / Otv. red. V.M. Zhujkov. – M.:IZiSP, KONTRAKT, 2020. – Vyp. 27. – 224 s.
3. Moshennichestvo s zemel'nymi uchastkami sudebnaja praktika. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.advokatorium.com/index.php/ru/articles/kak_obmanyvayut_s_zemelnymi_uchastkami (data obrashhenija 16.05.2021)
4. Litra E.N. Determinanty prestuplenij v sfere oborota zemli. - Juridicheskaja nauka v XXI veke:aktual'nye problemy i perspektivy ih reshenij // Sbornik nauchnyh statej po itogam raboty dvenadcatogo kruglogo stola so Vserossijskim i mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. – Shahty. – 2020.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Batyrova N. R.
Signs of the objective part of the crime under art. 125 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
The relevance of the article is due to the fact that the article analyzes the content of the signs of the objective side of the corpus delicti, providing for responsibility for leaving in danger, examines the issues of the legal assessment of the deliberate abandonment of a person who is in a state of danger to life or health and is deprived of the opportunity to take measures for self-preservation due to childhood , old age, illness or because of his helplessness in cases where the offender had the opportunity to help this person and was obliged to take care of him or put him in a state of danger to life or health. As a result of the analysis of judicial practice, the authors revealed the peculiarities of the qualification of the crime under Art. 125 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: leaving in danger, putting in danger, helpless state, duties.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 #7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 01.07.2020 # 11-FKZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 01.07.2020.- # 31. - St. 4398.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 08.04.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. -17.06.1996. - # 25. - St. 2954.
3. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (postatejnyj) / G. N. Borzenkov, A. V.Brilliantov, A. V. Galahova i dr. - M.: Jurajt, 2018.
4. Nadzornoe opredelenie ot 22.01.2008 po delu #74-D06-24. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
5. Prigovor mirovogo sud'i sudebnogo uchastka # 2 Lukojanovskogo rajona Nizhegorodskoj oblasti po delu # 1-21/2014. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
6. Prigovor Oktjabr'skogo rajonnogo suda g. Belgoroda po delu # 1-33/2014. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
7. Prigovor Sverdlovskogo rajonnogo suda g. Irkutska po delu # 1-671/2014. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
8. Prigovor Ramenskogo gorodskogo suda Moskovskoj oblasti po delu # 1-46/2013. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Magomedov Sh. M.
Ways to improve the criminal law counteraction to corruption
Corruption as a phenomenon that has penetrated deeply into the Russian reality requires a systematic approach and the most decisive measures to counteract it. The level of development of corruption, the sophisticated forms of its existence require effective legal measures to respond. Criminal legal means of combating corruption are mainly presented in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and other regulatory legal acts applied to crimes of a corruption orientation. Corruption crimes should be understood as selfserving deliberately committed socially dangerous acts that harm the state power, the interests of the state, municipal, as well as law enforcement services, the development of the rule of law and the formation of civil society, prohibited by the articles listed in the List No.1.23 of corruption-related crimes, under the threat of punishment. At the present stage of the state’s development in the field of combating corruption, there are some improvements in terms of the seizure of illegally acquired property, but this practically does not affect law enforcement practice. However, the legislation needs to be improved. So, for these crimes, a fairly “loyal” punishment is defined. Due to the tougher penalties for corruption-related crimes, the corruption perception coefficient will increase. Applicants about the facts of corruption also need protection, this provision has a need for regulatory consolidation. In addition, it would be advisable to return the institution of confiscation of property from offenders.
Keywords: corruption, corruption-related crimes, anti-corruption, criminal law, criminal liability.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aleksandrov S. V. Problemy instituta ugolovno-pravovogo protivodejstvija korrupcii // Nauka i biznes: puti razvitija. – 2013. – # 6 (24). – S. 71-75.
2. Bardizh E. A. Korrupcija v sovremennoj Rossii:problemy protivodejstvija // Rostovskij nauchnyj zhurnal. – 2017. – # 1. – S. 27-31.
3. Goncharenko G. S. Korrupcionnye otnoshenija kak norma zhizni // Problemy i perspektivy razvitija nauki v Rossii i mire. – Ch. 3. – 2017. – S. 205-209.
4. Zavarzin S. V. Ugolovno-pravovye sredstva protivodejstvija korrupcii. // Sovremennye problemy prava i upravlenija. – M., 2015. – S. 48-52.
5. Kislov A. G., Sjuzeva N. V. Ambivalentnost' kul'tury v processah vosproizvodstva i preduprezhdenija korrupcii // Vestnik Cheljabinskoj gosudarstvennoj akademii kul'tury i iskusstv. – 2016. – # 1(45). – S. 80-84.
6. Kovaleva A. V. Gosudarstvo i obshhestvo v sfere protivodejstvija korrupcii // Rostovskij nauchnyj zhurnal. – 2017. – # 2. – S. 45-48.
7. Levada–centr: masshtaby korrupcii v Rossii.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.levada.ru/indikatory/polozhenie-del-v-strane/(data obrashhenija: 08.05.2021).
8. Mahrova M. V., Mahrova E. I. Pravovoe vospitanie kak sredstvo protivodejstvija korrupcii // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava na sovremennom jetape, sbornik statej XV Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Pod red. Goshuljaka V. V., Sincova G. V. – M., 2017. – S. 10-13.
9. Nevinskij V. V. Korrupcija v Rossii: sistemnye mery protivodejstvija // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2017. – # 1. – S. 64-67.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Veselov V. V.
Problems of qualification of crimes against property related to theft, theft and fraud
The category of property does not fully reflect the characteristics of theft, since in accordance with Article 128 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, property - is objects of the material world in which human labor was invested and have monetary value. The object of theft may be items that are not the production of human labor, but which are withdrawn from civil circulation and are located on a plot of land of a private person.
The constitutional right of citizens to inviolability of the home is an additional direct object of theft, which was committed by entering the home.
Keywords: theft, theft, right of ownership, property, qualification of crimes, material damage.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 # 7-FKZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 26.01.2009. - # 4.
2. Grazhdanskij Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 nojabrja 1994 goda # 51-FZ (red. ot 18.03.2019 # 34-FZ).
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 04.03.2013) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 17.06.1996. - # 25. - Ch. 1. - St. 2. - Ch. 2. - St. 8.
4. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 12.11.2018).
5. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' vtoraja) ot 26.01.1996 # 14-FZ (red. ot 14.06.2012) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 29.01.1996. - # 5. - P. 4. - St. 212.
6. Ivanov N. G. Paradoksy ugolovnogo zakona // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 1998. - # 3. - S. 53.
7. Vinokurov V. Pravo na imushhestvo i imushhestvennoe pravo, kak sposoby opisanija predmeta prestuplenija protiv sobstvennosti // Ugolovnoe pravo. - 2011. - # 11. – S.35.
8. Praktika primenenija Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii: Kommentarij / pod red. G. M. Reznika. - M.:Volters Kluver, 2005. - S. 26-30.
9. Obzornoj sudebnoj praktiki Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii za chetvertyj kvartal 2013 g. (utv. Prezidiumom Verhovnogo Suda RF 4 ijunja 2014 g.).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 02.10.2018)
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Polyakov A. S.
Crime of women and the use of punishment in the form of imprisonment on the example of the Rostov region
This article describes the criminal and legal characteristics of women’s crime as a phenomenon of criminal behavior of women, the influence of internal and external factors on its development in the country and the Don region. In the article, the author highlights the current aspects of the implementation of criminal responsibility in relation to women, the practice of applying the system of execution of sentences in the form of imprisonment in recent years, its problems and difficulties, and identifies the main measures to improve the penal system in the country and the Rostov region.
Keywords: female criminal, personality study, execution of punishment, deprivation of liberty, regional features, correction, rehabilitation, action plan.
Work bibliographic list
1. V sootvetstvii s obobshhennoj statistikoj sudebnogo departamenta RO za period 1990-2017 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: htt p://cdep.ru/statistics/ro.
2. Minjazeva T. F. Pravovoj status lichnosti osuzhdennyh v Rossijskoj Federacii. - M., 2001.
3. Po dannym GU MVD RF po RO za period 9 mesjacev 2018-2019 gg. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:htt p://mvd.rf/stat.
4. Saprunova Ja. R. Psihologicheskie osobennosti zhenshhin, otbyvajushhih nakazanie v vide lishenija svobody. Tomskij gosudarstvennyj universitet // Bjulleten' nauki i praktiki, nauchnyj zhurnal (scientific journal). – 2017. – # 11.
5. Tjugaeva N. A. Ispravlenie osuzhdennyh zhenshhin:problemy i perspektivnye reshenija v uslovijah razvitija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. // Chelovek:prestuplenie i nakazanie. – 2013. – # 3.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Yashubova A. A.
Grounds for bringing minors to criminal liability
Тhe article is devoted to theoretical and legal issues of bringing juveniles to criminal responsibility and execution of criminal punishment imposed by the court against them. The analysis of legal literature, legislative acts, judicial and investigative practice regarding the privileges provided for by the criminal law in relation to juvenile offenders is conducted. The main tasks of law enforcement officers have been determined, who are entrusted with the obligation to fulfill the criminal punishments established by the court against adolescents.
Keywords: crime, socially dangerous act, criminal responsibility, criminal punishment, minor, serving punishment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 08.01.1997 # 1-FZ (red. ot 05.04.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 08.01.2019) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 13.01.1997. – # 2.
2. Alonceva E. Ju., Glushkov A. I. Nekotorye aspekty realizacii polnomochij sledovatelja po proizvodstvu sledstvennyh dejstvij, vypolnjaemyh s razreshenija suda // Rossijskij sledovatel'. –2006. – # 9. – S. 4-7.
3. Glushkov A. I. Realizacija v ugolovno-processual'nom dokazyvanii rezul'tatov operativno-razysknoj dejatel'nosti // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2012. – # 2. – S. 67-69.
4. Glushkov A. I., Golovko N. V. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo ob ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za torgovlju ljud'mi (istoricheskij aspekt) // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2014. – # 11. – S. 14-17.
5. Golovko N. V. Vozniknovenie i razvitie rossijskogo ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva ob otvetstvennosti za dolzhnostnye prestuplenija // Sovremennyj uchenyj. – 2016. – # 1. – S. 23-26.
6. Golovko N. V. Institut neobhodimoj oborony v rossijskom ugolovnom prave // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2017. – # 6. – S. 21-23.
7. Golovko N. V. Predmet dokazyvanija po ugolovnym delam o torgovle det'mi i ispol'zovanii ih rabskogo truda // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2011. – #12. – S. 16-19.
8. Grigor'ev V. N. Ugolovnyj process: Uchebnik. – M.: Jeksmo, 2018. – 816 s.
9. Naguljak M. V. Mery vozdejstvija na osuzhdennogo //Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2016. –# 3. – S. 57-61.
10. Smol'nikov I. V. Ponjatie obvinjaemogo v rossijskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2016.– # 2. – S. 67-71.
11. Ugolovnoe pravo. Obshhaja chast': Uchebnik / Otv. red. I. Ja. Kozachenko. – M.: Norma, 2011. – 720 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Amutinov S. I., Yusupov M. Yu.
On the question of the functions of the prosecutor in criminal proceedings
One of the main participants in the criminal process is the Prosecutor, since he carries out criminal procedural activities at all stages of criminal proceedings. The functions of the Prosecutor in criminal proceedings are quite diverse, so their research is of special scientific interest. The article analyzes the status of the Prosecutor in the criminal process, its main functions and powers. Some problematic issues related to the differentiation of the functions of the Prosecutor and the Prosecutor’s supervision are considered. Special attention is paid to such areas of activity as Prosecutor’s supervision and criminal prosecution, as well as problems of their implementation.
Keywords: Prosecutor, criminal proceedings, criminal prosecution, public Prosecutor, functions, powers, Prosecutor’s supervision.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.04.2019, s izm. ot 17.04.2019) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 12.04.2019) // SZ RF. 2001. # 52 (ch. I). St. 4921; 2019. #14 (chast' I). St. 1459
2. Bul' I.S. Pravozashhitnaja funkcija prokurora v ugolovnom processe // Tribuna uchenogo. 2018. # 4.S. 8-10.
3. Mukanova S.N. K voprosu o funkcijah prokurora v ugolovnom processe // Istochnik: Transformacija prava i pravoohranitel'naja dejatel'nost' v uslovijah razvitija cifrovyh tehnologij v Rossii, stranah SNG i Evropejskogo sojuza: problemy zakonodatel'stva i social'noj jeffektivnosti. Materialy VI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii prepodavatelej, prakticheskih sotrudnikov, studentov, magistrantov, aspirantov (SGU im. N.G. Chernyshevskogo). 2019. S. 216-218
4. Plotnikov V.A. Sovremennoe ustanovlenie funkcij i celej dejatel'nosti prokurora pri realizacii im nadzornoj funkcii v ugolovnom processe // Preodolenie pravovogo nigilizma v sovremennom obshhestve. Sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2018. S. 67-69.
5. Safina A.R. Funkcii prokurora v ugolovnom processe // Voprosy nauki i obrazovanija. 2017. # 10(11). S. 120-123.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Akhmedkhanova S.T. Bayramova N.R.
Classification of motives of criminal behavior
This article discusses the problems of a variety of approaches to determining the motives of a crime. The basic concepts of determining the motives of crimes are analyzed, the role of classifications of motives for crimes is determined. In the article, the author examines the nature of the category “crime motive”. The author reveals the essence of the motive for the crime. It is determined that the motive acts as a sign of the subjective side of the corpus delicti.
Keywords: crime motive, classification, base motives, the role of motivation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bondarenko V.O. Klassifikacija motivov prestuplenij // MODERN SCIENCE. 2020. # 5-3. S. 236-240.
2. Volkov B.S. Motivy prestuplenij (Ugolovno-pravovoe i social'no-psihologicheskoe issledovanie). Kazan', 2017.
3. Kudrjavcev V.N. Bor'ba motivov v prestupnom povedenii. M.: Norma, 2018.
4. Magomedov G.M., Abdulkadirova H.D. Ponjatie i harakteristika motiva i celi prestuplenija v rossijskom ugolovnom prave // The scientific heritage.2020. # 52-3. S. 50-53.
5. Rarog A.I. Kvalifikacija prestuplenij po sub"ektivnym priznakam. SPb.: Juridicheskij centr Press, 2018.
6. Smarzh, D. I. K voprosu o klassifikacii motivov prestuplenija. — Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Novyj juridicheskij vestnik. 2020. # 7 (21). S. 60-62.
7. Ferri Je. Ugolovnaja sociologija / sost. i predisl.V.S. Ovchinskogo. M., 2018.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Gilyazutdinov R. K., Jafarova A. A.
Some problem aspects of protection of the rights and legitimate interests of participants of criminal proceedings
In the article the shortcomings of the existing procedural legislation interfering a full realization
of purpose of the criminal proceedings enshrined in Article 6 of the Code of Criminal Procedure
of the Russian Federation – protection of the rights and legitimate interests of the persons and the
organizations which were injured from crimes and also protection of the personality against illegal and insubstantial accusation, condemnation, restriction of her rights and freedoms are exposed. As a result of the given characteristic the directions of the improvement of the legislation are offered.
Keywords: guarantees, victim, rehabilitation, defender, criminal prosecution, rights and legitimate interests, indemnification, caused by crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 30.04.2021, s izm. ot 13.05.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs] // SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus», 2021.
2. Problemy zashhity prav poterpevshih ot prestuplenij: spec. dok. Upolnomochennogo po pravam cheloveka v Rossijskoj Federacii // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2008. – 4 ijunja.
3. Balovneva V. I. Obespechenie zashhity imushhestvennyh i neimushhestvennyh prav poterpevshego – juridicheskogo lica v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: Dis.... kand. jurid. nauk. – Orenburg, 2013.
4. Gladysheva O. V. Teoreticheskaja model' mehanizmov obespechenija prav i zakonnyh interesov cheloveka i grazhdanina v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: Dis. ...dokt. jurid. nauk. – M., 2013.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Baryshnikov R. V.
Creating the necessary conditions for the application of deferred sentence serving (paragraph 8 of Article 299 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation) and deferred execution of the sentence (paragraph 4 of part 1 of Article 398 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation)
The relevance of the research topic is due to the large number of crimes committed in the field of drug trafficking – 25 % of the total number of crimes committed annually in Russia.
The article presents research on the statistics of crimes in the field of drug trafficking and the application of procedural rules on the postponement of execution of punishment, established in paragraph 8 of Article 299 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, the postponement of execution of sentence, fixed in paragraph 4 of Part 1 of Article 398 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, the study of the grounds for the application of postponements: serving a sentence and executing a sentence, which will confirm the relevance of the issue of improving the Criminal Procedure Code when bringing persons to criminal responsibility in the field of drug trafficking and the search for ways to solve this problem. Deferred sentence provided for Paragraph 4, part 1 of Article 398 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, as well as the postponement of serving sentences for drug addicts, established by Article 82.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, were introduced into the Criminal Procedure and Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, respectively, by Federal Law No. 420-FZ of December 7, 2011, and entered into force on January 1, 2012. The criminal procedure mechanism for the implementation of the postponement of serving a sentence was regulated later, through a legislative amendment to paragraph 8 of Article 299 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation (paragraph 8 as amended). Federal Law No. 33-FZ of 07.03.2017), which entered into force on March 18, 2017 – by giving the court the authority to consider the grounds for applying a deferred sentence when passing a sentence.
The appearance in the legislation of this type of release from execution of punishment, as we will collectively call these concepts, combining them for the legislative purpose, is socially conditioned by the need for an individual approach to the correction of persons with drug addiction, who, under the threat of actual serving of sentences in places of deprivation of liberty, are motivated to undergo a course of treatment and rehabilitation. During 2013-2017, under paragraph 4 of Part 1 of Article 398 of the Criminal Procedure Code, a delay was granted in respect of 361 people, and 357 of them were charged under Article 228 of the Criminal Code. The issue of studying the problems of criminal procedure law in the application of deferred execution of punishment is an urgent and necessary working tool for prescribing treatment and rehabilitation, instead of actual imprisonment.
Keywords: postponement of serving a sentence; postponement of execution of a sentence; Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation; recognized as a drug addict.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 09.06.2010 # 690 v red. Ot 23.02.2018 «Ob utverzhdenii Strategii gosudarstvennoj antinarkoticheskoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii do 2020 goda» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF», 14.06.2010, # 24, st. 3015; istochnik publikacii poslednej redakcii SPS Konsul'tantPljus (data obrashhenija: 02.04.2020).
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 08.01.1998 # 3-FZ v red. Ot 26.07.2019 «O narkoticheskih sredstvah i psihotropnyh veshhestvah» // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii 12.01.1998 - # 2. - st. 219; istochnik poslednej redakcii SPS Konsul'tantPljus (data obrashhenija:02.04.2020).
3. Prikaz Minzdrava Rossii ot 18.03.1997 # 76 «O narkologicheskih reabilitacionnyh centrah» //Medicinskaja gazeta. 28.05.1997. # 40.
4. Aleksandrov A.N., Lashhenko R.A. Aktual'nye voprosy realizacii organami predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija polozhenij, predusmotrennyh p. 3.2 ch. 1 st. 196
 UPK RF // Rossijskij sledovatel'. 2019. # 9 - S. 12-16.
5. Vsemirnaja Organizacija Zdravoohranenija // Mezhdunarodnaja statisticheskaja klassifikacija boleznej i problem, svjazannyh so zdorov'em. Desjatyj peresmotr. Tom 1 (chast' 2). - M.: Medicina, 1995. - S. 322-323.
6. Gazeta Kommersant" // Vypusk # 105. - 20.06.2019 - S. 3.
7. Ivanov V.P. Ot chego zavisit narkoman i ot chego zavisit ego lechenie // Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2011. - Federal'nyj vypusk. - # 81 (5457).
8. Kobzeva E.V. Otsrochka otbyvanija nakazanija bol'nym narkomaniej // Zakonnost'. - 2012. - # 6. - S. 25-28.
9. Medicinskaja jenciklopedija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.medicalenc.ru/16/remission.shtml (data obrashhenija 02.03.2021)
10. Nikitin S.Ju., Novikova M.V., Sergeev A.B. Zashhita prav svidetelej v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve.- Cheljabinsk: Cheljabinskij juridicheskij institut MVD Rossii, 2006.
11. Sergeev K.A., Sergeev A.B. Otdel'nye sudebnye situacii pri prinjatii reshenij o naznachenii prinuditel'nyh mer medicinskogo haraktera // Medicinskoe pravo. - 2018. -# 1. - S. 3-7.
12. Sudebnyj Departament pri Verhovnom sude / Statistika o sostojanii sudimosti za 2013-2017 god.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://pravo.ru (data obrashhenija: 19.02.2019).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Kobleva M. M., Agabalaeva F. F.
Topical issues related to the participation of legal representatives and defenders (lawyers) of minors in criminal proceedings
The article discusses certain topical issues related to the participation of legal representatives and defenders (lawyers) of minors in the criminal process. The role of parents is considered through the prism of a pedagogical approach to raising children. Questions are raised about the need to participate in criminal proceedings with the participation of a minor, a teacher and a psychologist. The ways of resolving the most controversial issues in criminal procedural law related to the participation of legal representatives of minors are proposed.
Keywords: minors, legal representatives, defender, parent, criminal procedure, rights and legitimate interests of minors.
Work bibliographic list
1. Korjakina Z. I., Stepanova A. N. Ob osobom predmete professional'noj zashhity nesovershennoletnego podozrevaemogo i obvinjaemogo v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve RF // Biznes. Obrazovanie. Pravo.– 2019. – # 4 (49). – S. 345-348.
2. Denisova N. S., Fantrov P. P., Solov'eva N. A.,Solov'eva P. V. Zashhita prav i svobod nesovershennoletnih v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 9(136). – S. 305-310.
3. Sopov D. V., Florja D. F. Ugolovno-pravovye i kriminalisticheskie aspekty bor'by s prestuplenijami nesovershennoletnih. – Orel, 2018. – 134 s.
4. Sretencev A. N. Nekotorye osobennosti doprosa nesovershennoletnih poterpevshih po delam o seksual'nyh prestuplenijah // Nauka i praktika. – 2019.– # 4. – S. 81-83.
5. Makarenko A. S. Sem'ja i vospitanie detej: uchebnoe posobie. – M.: Pedagogika, 2014.
6. Morozova N. V. Voprosy obespechenija zashhity uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva v hode rassledovanija prestuplenij // Nauka i praktika. – 2018.– # 2 (59). – S. 108-109.
7. Mahanek A. B., Dorofeeva V. Ju. Nekotorye voprosy pravovogo regulirovanija dostavlenija nesovershennoletnih // Ugolovno-processual'naja ohrana prav i zakonnyh interesov nesovershennoletnih. – 2018. –# 1 (3). – S. 106-113.
8. Makarova O. A. Sledstvennye situacii pervonachal'nogo jetapa rassledovanija prestuplenij, sovershennyh nesovershennoletnimi v sostojanii op'janenija // Situacionnyj podhod v juridicheskoj nauke i praktike: sovremennye vozmozhnosti i perspektivy razvitija. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauch.-prakt. konferencii, posvjashhennoj 15-letiju nauchnoj shkoly kriminalisticheskoj situalogii BFU im. I. Kanta. – Kaliningrad, 2017. – S. 151.
9. Kuz'mina O. L. Problemy obespechenija prav i svobod nesovershennoletnih v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve v svete reshenij Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka // Zakon i pravoporjadok v tret'em tysjacheletii. – Kaliningrad, 2018. – S. 153-156.
10. Mironova A. V., Mandryka Ju. S. Obespechenie prav nesovershennoletnih uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva pri provedenii processual'nyh dejstvij // Jurist"-Pravoved". – 2020. – # 3 (94). – S. 86-90.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Logachev K. K.
Procedural and tactical features of the interrogation of a victim in cases of violation of traffic rules and operation of vehicles
The article discusses the procedural and tactical features of the interrogation of the victim in cases of violation of traffic rules and the operation of vehicles at the stage of the investigation of a criminal case. The division of victims into groups is analyzed. The author also made a proposal: depending on the phase of the incident (initial, culminating and final), the questions asked to the victim should be divided into groups.
Keywords: interrogation of the victim, tactical features, preparation and conduct of interrogation of the victim, stage of interrogation, groups of questions during interrogation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bykov V.M. Dopros poterpevshego // Zakonnost'. 2014.# 6 (956). S. 27-32.
2. Vasil'ev A.N., Karneeva L.M. Taktika doprosa. M., 1970.
3. Obrazcov V.A., Bogomolova S.N. Dopros poterpevshego i svidetelja na predvaritel'nom sledstvii. M., 2003.
4. Oficial'nye setevye resursy Prezidenta Rossii.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://kremlin.ru/events/president/news/59913 (data obrashhenija:01.12.2020).
5. Oficial'nyj sajt GIBDD. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://stat.gibdd.ru (data obrashhenija:20.01.2021).
6. Porubov N.I. Dopros v sovetskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. Minsk, 1973.
7. Porubov N.I. Taktika doprosa na predvaritel'nom sledstvii: Ucheb. posobie. M., 1998.
8. Rodionova M.A., Osobennosti provedenija doprosa voditelja, sovershivshego dorozhno-transportnoe proisshestvie, pri rassledovanii dorozhno-transportnyh proisshestvij // Kriminalistika: vchera, segodnja, zavtra. 2018. # 1 (5). S. 42-46.
9. Rukovodstvo dlja sledovatelej / Pod obshh. red. V.V. Mozjakova. M.: Jekzamen, 2005. 912 s.
10. Usmanov U.A. Taktika doprosa na predvaritel'nom sledstvii. Spravochnik. M.: «Izdatel'stvo PRIOR», 2001. 176 s.
11. Centrov E.E. Kriminalisticheskoe uchenie o poterpevshem. M., 1988.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Lifanova L. G., Gauzhaeva V. A.
Procedural and tactical bases of obtaining evidence in pre-trial proceedings
Proving the guilt of a person in the commission of a crime occurs through the production of investigative actions, a significant part of which is associated with the speech communication of the investigator with other participants in criminal procedural relations.
Obtaining testimony takes place during the interrogation, confrontation, verification of testimony on the spot, presentation for identification.
The implementation of the objectives of these investigative actions is possible with strict compliance with regulatory requirements and forensic recommendations during their conduct. The authors draw attention to the importance of establishing psychological contact in the production of verbal and complex investigative actions. The conclusions of the authors are proposals for improving the norms of criminal procedure legislation regulating the procedure for obtaining testimony in the course of individual investigative actions, as well as recommendations for the correct use of tactical and psychological techniques in the process of their conduct.
Keywords: obtaining testimony, interrogation, confrontation, verification of testimony on the spot, psychological contact, evidence.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ahmedshin R.L. O ponjatii i vidah psihologicheskogo kontakta i taktike ego dostizhenija v hode sledstvennyh dejstvij // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2019. - # 445.
2. Vartanjan G.A. Psihologicheskij kontakt: terminologicheskie problemy ispol'zovanija fenomena v nauchnom obihode i prakticheskoj dejatel'nosti sledovatelja // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija «Psihologija». - 2020. - # 2.
3. Dospulov G.G. Psihologija doprosa na predvaritel'nom sledstvii. - M.: Jurid. lit., 1976. - 112 c.
4. Kriminalistika: uchebnik dlja vuzov / Pod nauchnoj redakciej V. N. Karagodina, E. V. Smahtina.- 2-e izd. - M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, Tjumen': Izdatel'stvo Tjumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2019.
5. Kriminalisticheskie aspekty proizvodstva sledstvennyh dejstvij: ucheb. posobie / Pod obshh. red. doc. M.M. Gorshkova. - Omsk: Omskaja akademija MVD Rossii, 2020. - 128 s.
6. Lifanova L.G. Realizacija prav uchastnikov dosledstvennogo proizvodstva: normativnoe regulirovanie i pravoprimenitel'naja praktika// Pravovaja kul'tura v sovremennom obshhestve[Jelektronnyj resurs]: sbornik nauchnyh statej /Ministerstvo vnutrennih del Respubliki Belarus', uchrezhdenie obrazovanija «Mogilevskij institut Ministerstva vnutrennih del Respubliki Belarus'»; redkol.: I. A. Demidova (otv. red.) [i dr.]. - Mogilev: Mogilev. institut MVD, 2020.
7. Ovcharenko E.I.Dokazyvanie po ugolovnym delam o huliganstve (dosudebnoe proizvodstvo). Nauchno-prakticheskoe posobie / Pod red.: Grinenko A.V. -M.: Jurlitinform, 2006.
8. Porubov N.I. Dopros v sovetskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve / 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. - Minsk:Vyshjejsh. shk., 1973. - 368 c.
9. Tigunceva G.N. Genezis psihologicheskogo znanija o fenomene ustanovlenija kontakta i ego ispol'zovanija v preodolenii kommunikativnyh destrukcij // Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnicheskogo universiteta. – 2014. - # 12.
10. Trofimova Ju.V. Psihologicheskij kontakt: psihologicheskij i juridicheskij podhody // Vestnik Barnaul'skogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2018. - # 2.
11. Chel'cov M.A. Ugolovnyj process. - M.: Jurid. izd-vo MJu SSSR, 1948.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Senchenko S. K., Senchenko N. V.
The judicial interrogation of prosecution witness by an attorney: regulation and practice of law
In the presented article, the authors analyze the participation of the attorney in the judicial interrogation of the prosecution witness, determine the stages of the interrogation, starting with the preparation of the attorney for the judicial interrogation, and also develop certain recommendations for novice attorneys. In addition, the authors consider the tactical techniques used by the attorneys during interrogation.
Keywords: attorney, judicial interrogation, prosecution witness.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 19.12.2017 # 51 «O praktike primenenija zakonodatel'stva pri rassmotrenii ugolovnyh del v sude pervoj instancii (obshhij porjadok sudoproizvodstva)»// SPS Konsul'tantPljus. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_285530/ (data obrashhenija: 21.10.2020).
2. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii # 1 (2016) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_196727/(data obrashhenija: 21.10.2020).
3. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Tret'ego apelljacionnogo suda obshhej jurisdikcii ot 4 avgusta 2020 g. Po delu # 55-336/2020 // Spravochnaja pravovaja sistema «Konsul'tant Pljus». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://login.consultant.ru/link/?req=doc
&base=SOAS&n=6701&dst=100023&date=09.01.2021&demo=2 (data obrashhenija: 01.03.2021).
4. Postanovlenie Prezidiuma Kamchatskogo kraevogo suda ot 21 avgusta 2019 g. # 44U-23/2019 // SPS Konsul'tantPljus. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim do-stupa: https://login.consultant.ru/link/?req=doc&base=SODV&n=131144&dst=100026&date=04.01.2021&demo=2(data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
5. Kassacionnoe opredelenie Leningradskogo oblastnogo suda ot 26 maja 2011 g. # 22-847/2011 // SPS Konsul'tantPljus. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://login.consultant.ru/link/?req=doc&base=SARB&n=20936&dst=1000000001&date=04.01.2021&demo=2 (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021)
6. Aver'janova T. V. Kriminalistika: uchebnik. – M.:Norma: INFRA-M, 2013. – 928 s.
7. Aleksandrov A. S. Perekrestnyj dopros v sude (ob"jasnenie ego sushhnosti, principov i porjadka provedenija, a takzhe prakticheskoe nastavlenie k upotrebleniju). – M.: Jurlitinform, 2014. – 584 s.
8. Garris R. Shkola advokatury. – Tula: Avtograf, 2001.– 352 s.
9. Koneva S. I. Sudebnye doprosy v ugolovnom processe: dokazatel'stvennoe znachenie i porjadok provedenija: avtoreferat dis. ... kandidata juridicheskih nauk. – Omsk, 2013. – 27 s.
10. Kuprijanov A. A. Dopros svidetelja: kto pervyj? //Novaja advokatskaja gazeta. – 2008. – # 1. – S. 13.
11. Kudrjavcev V. L. Processual'no-takticheskie osnovy uchastija advokata-zashhitnika v doprose poterpevshego i svidetelja v sude // Advokatskaja praktika. – 2006.– # 2. – S. 11-15.
12. Malyj O. I. Dopros svidetelej advokatom na sledstvii i v sude // Ugolovnyj process. Praktika uspeshnoj zashhity i obvinenija. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.ugpr.ru/article/161-dopros-svideteley-advokatom-na-sledstvii-iv-sude (data obrashhenija: 23.10.2020).
13. Peredruk A. D. ESPCh: Reshajushhie dlja obvinenija pokazanija svidetelej dolzhny prozvuchat' v sude //Advokatskaja gazeta. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.advgazeta.ru/mneniya/espch-reshayushchie-dlya-obvineniya-pokazaniyasvideteley-
dolzhny-prozvuchat-v-sude/ (data obrashhenija: 21.10.2020).
14. Fransis L. V. Iskusstvo perekrestnogo doprosa. – M.:Amerikanskaja associacija juristov, 2011. – 294 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Sinkevich V.V., Domovets
Theoretical and practical analysis of the interpretation of the norms governing the grounds to institute criminal proceedings
The article raises problematic issues of procedural verification at the stage of initiating criminal proceedings. The author analyses the concept of the «grounds for instituting a criminal case» from the point of view of legislative and theoretical enshrinement, and judicial practice is investigated to see whether it is possible to establish specific data, indicating the elements of an offence when a decision is taken on the basis of the results of the procedural verification of reports of a crime. The work examines the decisions of the appellate courts of recent years with a view to identifying problems of interpretation of the rules on the sufficiency of the grounds for instituting criminal proceedings.
Keywords: grounds, institution of criminal proceedings, procedural verification, judicial practice, elements of an offence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Lupinskaja P.A. Reshenija v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. Ih vidy, soderzhanie i formy. M., 1976.
2. Rumjanceva M.O. Vozbuzhdenie ugolovnogo dela: problemy i perspektivy: monografija. M., 2019.
3. Petrov A.V. Dostatochnye dannye – neobhodimoe uslovie dlja vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela // Zakonnost'. 2011. # 2. S. 57-59.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Smolina M. M., Strelnikov K. N.
Interaction of the body of inquiry with the investigator in the investigation of crimes committed by the organized criminal group
The article examines the forms of interaction of bodies carrying out operational-search activities
with the bodies of preliminary investigation in the investigation of crimes committed by organized criminal groups, as well as the need for such interaction at all stages of the investigation of a criminal case.
Particular attention is paid to the consideration of two forms of interaction (procedural and nonprocedural) during the investigation of this category of criminal cases. Specific examples of such forms are given, and the need for their use is justified.
Keywords: organized criminal activity, interaction, body of inquiry, investigator.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alymbekov B. M. Principy i formy vzaimodeĭstvija organov doznanija so sledovatelem pri raskrytii i rassledovanii prestupleniĭ // 2021. - # 2-9 (70). -S. 96-100.
2. Bagmet A. M. Rassledovanie prestuplenij: problemy i puti ih reshenija. - 2017. - # 3 (17). - S. 31-35.
3. Zhurtov A. B. Osobennosti vzaimodejstvija sledovatelja i organa doznanija pri rassledovanii prestupleniĭ - 2017. - T. 6. # 4 - S. 231-233.
4. Kanunnik A. I., Kurmaeva D. M. Vzaimodejstvie sledovatelja s operativnymi sotrudnikami i jekspertami pri rassledovanii prestuplenij korrupcionnoj napravlennosti // Vestnik Penzenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2021. - # 1. - S. 9-14.
5. Kruglikov A. P. O ponjatii i sisteme form vzaimodejstvija sledovatelej i organov doznanija v processe rassledovanija i raskrytija prestupleniĭ - 2017. - T. 7.- # 3. - S. 192-194.
6. Shumskij A. Ju. Aktual'nye voprosy vzaimodejstvija sledovatelja s organom doznanija v dosudebnom proizvodstve po ugolovnym delam // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2020. - # 2. - S. 165-168. Oficial'nyj sajt UMVD Rossii po g. Simferopolju.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://82.mvd.rf/contacts/Territorialnie_podrazdelenija/item/2088981.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Tokareva E. V., Chasovnikova O. G., Vasiljev D. V.
Criminal procedural and criminalistic features of preparation and production of interrogation of minors
The article deals with the issues of criminal procedural and forensic features of interrogation of minors, mandatory and optional participants in this investigative action, the procedure for its conduct.
Keywords: interrogation of a minor, interrogation, tactical features of interrogation, a minor in criminal proceedings, the procedure for interrogating a minor.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Serebrov D. O., Serebrova S. P. Takticheskie priemy doprosa podozrevaemogo po prestuplenijam v sfere jekonomiki // Juridicheskaja nauka i praktika:Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii. -2020. - # 2 (50). - S. 117-121.
2. Sidorenko E. V., Konin V. V. Dopros na dosudebnoj stadii kak podgotovitel'nyj jetap k doprosu v sudebnom razbiratel'stve // Rossijskoe pravosudie.- 2019. - # 6. - S. 97-104.
3. Smirnov A. V., Kalinovskij K. B. Ugolovnyj process: Uchebnoe posobie. - M., 2013.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Tutynin I. B.
View on certain other measures of criminal procedural coercion
The article deals with the application of certain measures of procedural coercion provided for in Chapter 14 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation. The example of temporary removal from office shows the historical path of development of such measures. The study of official judicial statistics and law enforcement practice allowed us to draw a conclusion about the problems of applying the institute under consideration. The author sees a way out of this situation in clarifying the legal nature and scope of the temporary suspension from office. It is believed that it is necessary to define the grounds for applying such a measure. It is important to adjust the possible degree of coercion. As a result, the article offers ways to solve these problems.
Keywords: other measures of criminal procedural coercion, temporary removal from office, seizure of property.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Bikmiev R. G. Vremennoe otstranenie ot dolzhnosti podozrevaemogo ili obvinjaemogo v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: sushhnost', znachenie i pravovye posledstvija: Avtoref. dis. ... kandid. jurid. nauk. - Ekaterinburg, 2015.
2. Zaderako K. V. Inye mery processual'nogo prinuzhdenija: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Rostov-na-Donu, 2005.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Fayrushina R. D.
Analysis of problems of reduced form of inquiry based on materials of territorial body of internal affairs
The article considers the problematic aspects that arise in the process of conducting an inquiry in an abbreviated form. Such problems are related to the possibility of carrying out the form of inquiry in question only if there is no reason for its impossibility, as well as evidence in the process of carrying out the inquiry in an abbreviated form. Based on the analysis of the preliminary investigation, the bodies of the inquiry identified problematic issues of the investigation in an abbreviated form.
Keywords: inquest proceedings in abbreviated form, preliminary investigation, body of inquiry, interrogator.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dorzhieva D. C. Predely dokazyvanija pri proizvodstve doznanija v sokrashhennoj forme // Tribuna uchenogo. ‒ 2020. ‒ # 3. ‒ S. 41-46.
2. Kanokova L. Ju. Doznanie v sokrashhennoj forme: problemy i sposoby ih reshenija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. ‒ 2020. ‒ # 1 (140). ‒ S. 290-292.
3. Materialy godovyh otchetov raboty OMVD Rossii po ZATO g. Snezhinsk, OMVD Rossii po Kaslinskomu rajonu Cheljabinskoj oblasti za 2015-2019 goda.
4. Melashhenko A. A. Poluchenie ob"jasnenij v stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela kak sredstvo dokazyvanija (primenitel'no k sokrashhennoj forme doznanija) //Aktual'nye voprosy ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva:sbornik statej Kriminalisticheskogo foruma. ‒ 2018.‒ S. 68-76.
5. Samolaeva E. Ju. O nekotoryh problemah primenenija procedury sokrashhennogo doznanija // Ugolovno-processual'noe zakonodatel'stvo: svjaz' vremen. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov vserossijskoj konferencii. Pod obshhej redakciej L. V. Kokorevoj, O. N. Lavrovoj, A. V. Mironovoj. ‒ 2019. ‒ S. 184-187.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Bui Cong Phu
The right to keep silence of the accused, defendant in criminal procedure of the Russian Federation and Vietnam
In Vietnam, the right to silence was first provided for in the 2015 Criminal Procedure Code. It can be said that the provision of the right to silence is a great step forward in protecting human rights and implementing a fair trial order in criminal proceedings. However, the provisions on the right to silence of the accused and defendants and the legal safeguards in force still contain some issues that need to be studied and discussed. This article presents the current provisions on the right to silence of accused and defendants in criminal proceedings in the Russian Federation and Vietnam, as a result of which the author compared, analyzed the shortcomings and presented
an opinion on improving the legislation.
Keywords: Right to silence, accused, defendant, criminal procedure
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). // SPS Konsul'tantPljus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/e8d3411eef83427471ae3409d62570cd0ae3b62a/ (data obrashhenija:04.06.2021).
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 30.04.2021, s izm. ot 13.05.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (Data obrashhenija: 02.06.2021).
3. Bobkina N. V., Juridicheskoe lico kak sub"ekt prestuplenija // Molodoj uchjonyj zhurnal .2017. # 52 (186). S. 135-137. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://moluch.ru/archive/186/47592/ (data obrashhenija: 05.06.2021).
4. Buj Kong Fu. Processual'nyj status obvinjaemogo v ugolovnom processe zakonodatel'stve Socialisticheskoj Respubliki V'etnam: Istoriko-pravovoj analiz/ Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2020. #
6. (145). S. 330-333. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eurasialaw.ru/en/2020/6-145-2020. (data obrashhenija: 06.06.2021).
5. Ekaterina Skosarenko. SPCh: Pravo hranit' molchanie pomozhet luchshe ljubyh advokatov. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://pravozashitnik.info/news/spch--pravo-hranit--molchanie-pomozhetluchshe-lyubyh-advokatov-3997 (data obrashhenija:03.06.2021).
6. Mezhdunarodnyj pakt o grazhdanskih i politicheskih pravah OON ot 16 dekabrja 1966 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/pactpol.shtml (data obrashhenija: 01.06.2021).
7. Sudebnyj Advokat. Otkaz ot dachi pokazanij: k kakim posledstvijam on privedet? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.advo24.ru/publication/otkaz-ot-dachi-pokazaniy-k-kakimposledstviyam-on-privedet.html (data obrashhenija:01.06.2021).
8. Bộ luật Tố tụng hình sự Việt Nam năm 2015. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks V'etnama ot 27.11.2015.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://thuvienphapluat.vn/van-ban/Trach-nhiem-hinh-su/Boluat-to-tung-hinh-su-2015-296884.aspx (data obrashhenija: 06.06.2021).
9. Quyền im lặng hay là cảnh báo Miranda. Pravo molchat' ili preduprezhdenie Mirandy. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://anhsangluat.com/quyen-im-lang-hay-la-canh-bao-miranda/ (data obrashhenija: 03.06.2021).
10. Trịnh Thị Hằng, Đảm bảo quyền im lặng trong tố tụng hình sự Việt Nam. 2017. Obespechenie prava na molchanie v ugolovnom processe vo V'etname / Chin' Thi Hang. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://khoaluat.vinhuni.edu.vn/nghien-cuu-khoa-hoc/
seo/bai-viet-dam-bao-quyen-im-lang-trong-to-tunghinh-su-viet-nam-81006 (data obrashhenija: 02.06.2021).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Stepenko A. V.
Some look at the term fix in the criminal executive legislation of the Russian Federation
The article considers the term “correction” in the criminal executive law of Russia. The author expresses his opinion on the not quite successful use of the term correction and suggests replacing it in the Criminal Executive Code of the Russian Federation with more suitable ones.
Keywords: correction of convicts, serving criminal sentences, correctional colonies, types of correctional institutions, the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the Criminal Executive Code of the Russian Federation, educational impact.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://base.garant.ru/10108000/ (data obrashhenija: 21.05.2021).
2. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyj kodeks RF. http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_12940/ (data obrashhenija: 20.05.2021).
3. Sovremennye tendencii zhenskoj prestupnosti i vybor tipa ispravitel'nogo uchrezhdenija pri naznachenii nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody osuzhdennym zhenshhinam (nauchnaja stat'ja). // Vestnik Dal'nevostochnogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2017. - # 2 (39). - S. 74-78. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.ru/upload/
site134/document_text/003/379/142/Vestnik_2017239.pdf. (data obrashhenija: 26.05.2021).
4. Tolkovyj slovar' Ushakova. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/ushakov/826938 (data obrashhenija: 19.05.2021)
 
FORENSIC EXPERT ACTIVITY
Permyakov M. V., Morozova E. V., Khodasevich O. N.
Problems of effectiveness of the principles of judicial proceedings in the arbitration process
The article is devoted to the analysis of the problems of the effectiveness of the principles of judicial proceedings in the arbitration process. The main feature of the arbitration process is that
one of the subjects is necessarily the arbitration court, the object of the arbitration process are cases, only those that are subordinate to the arbitration courts. The topic of improving the legal technique for implementing the basic principles of judicial proceedings in the arbitration process is also highlighted.
Keywords: effectiveness of principles, law, Arbitration process, cycle, applicability of law, trial,
problems.
Work bibliographic list
1. Veremeenko I. N., Popov L. L., Shergin A. P. Ponjatija i uslovija jeffektivnosti administrativnyh sankcij // Pravovedenie. - 2018. - # 5. - S. 33.
2. Petruhin I. L., Baturov G. P., Morshhakov T. G. Teoreticheskie osnovy jeffektivnosti pravosudija. - M., 2018.
3. Fokov A. P. Problemy dostupnosti i jeffektivnosti pravosudija v arbitrazhnom i grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve // Rossijskij sud'ja.- 2019. - # 4. - S. 4.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Lonshchakova A. R.
System mechanisms for countering the use of cryptocurrencies and electronic funds payment in the field of illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their analogues
The article discusses the features of countering the use of cryptocurrencies and electronic means of payment in drug trafficking. The author substantiates the conclusion that complex system mechanisms for countering the use of cryptocurrencies and electronic means of payment in the field of illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances are promising tools for their effective control.
Keywords: cryptocurrency, electronic means of payment, counteraction, financial profile, Titanium, Chainalysis, Elliptic, Crystal, Transparent blockchain, effective control.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Antonov V. V., Kalimullin N. R., Harisova Z. I., Gerfanova M. R. Problemy pravovogo regulirovanija sfery iskusstvennogo intellekta // V sbornike: Informacionnye tehnologii intellektual'noj podderzhki prinjatija reshenij (ITTDS’2020). Trudy VIII Vserossijskoj nauchnoj konferencii(s priglasheniem zarubezhnyh uchenyh). V 2-h tomah.
− Ufa, 2020. −S. 10-14.
2. Lonshhakova A. R. Vozmozhnost' vyjavlenija kriminalisticheski znachimoj informacii pri analize reagirovanija na kiberincidenty // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 2. – S. 338-339.
3. Harisova Z. I., Lonshhakova A. R. Obespechenie prav i svobod grazhdanina v oblasti ispol'zovanija cifrovyh finansovyh aktivov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. − 2020. −# 3 (142). −S. 167-168.
4. Harisova Z. I., Fajzulova R. R., Djus'mekeeva D. S. Sovremennye ugrozy informacionnoj bezopasnosti v uslovijah globalizacii informacionnogo prostranstva // V sbornike: Aktual'nye problemy kiberbezopasnosti v seti Internet. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov Vserossijskoj konferencii. −2020.−S. 163-165.
5. Harisova Z. I., Filippov O. A., Fedorov D. A. Iskusstvennyj intellekt v gosudarstvennom upravlenii // V sbornike: Informacionnye tehnologii intellektual'noj podderzhki prinjatija reshenij (ITTDS’2020). Trudy VIII Vserossijskoj nauchnoj konferencii (s priglasheniem zarubezhnyh uchenyh). V 2-h tomah. – Ufa, 2020. – S. 26-29.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Semenenko G. M., Pshenichkin A. A., Kiktev A. V.
On the problems of disclosure and investigation of theft of someone else’s property committed using information and telecommunication technologies
In recent years, more than 300 thousand IT crimes have been committed in the country (using various information technologies). The authors of the article, on the basis of a comprehensive analysis of the materials of the investigative and judicial practice, identified the main problems faced by law enforcement officers in the disclosure and investigation of these crimes.
Keywords: theft, property, information technology, disclosure problems.
Workbibliographiclist
1. O merah sovershenstvovanija organizacii raboty operativnyh i sledstvennyh podrazdelenij MVD Rossii po vyjavleniju, raskrytiju i rassledovaniju hishhenij denezhnyh sredstv s ispol'zovaniem bankovskih kart na territorii Rossijskoj Federacii// Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. –2020. – # 4 (55). – S. 123-128.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Toropov S. A., Rudik M. V.
On the issue of criminalistic characteristics of criminal acts committed by organized criminal groups in the field of sales of motor vehicles
The article considers the elements of criminalistic characteristics of crimes committed by organized criminal groups in the field of sales of motor vehicles. Attention is drawn to the characteristic features that make it possible to identify disguised enterprises that conduct criminal activities in the market for the sale of vehicles. The determinants that contribute to the commission of crimes of this type are identified.
Keywords: fraud, commission of a crime, group of persons, motor transport, car dealership, impact, victims, system of determinants.
Work bibliographic list
1. Butkevich S. A. Innovacii v pravoohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti: ocenka i kriterii jeffektivnosti// Filosofija prava. - 2019. - # 1 (88). - S. 16-22.
2. V Rossii presechena dejatel'nost' seti lzheavtosalonov. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://tass.ru/proisshestviya/7677743 (data obrashhenija: 15.01.2021).
3. Ignatov A. N. Ponjatie i obshhaja harakteristika lichnosti prestupnika // Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V. I. Vernadskogo. Juridicheskie nauki. - 2019. - T. 5(71). - # 1. - S. 319-326.
4. Kashkarov A. A., Vishneveckij K. V. Antikriminogennyj potencial informacionnogo prostranstva i sovremennyh informacionnyh tehnologij // V knige: Lichnost' v informacionnom prostranstve: problemy i perspektivy issledovanija. Monografija. Pod redakciej S. A. Butkevicha. - Simferopol', 2020. - S. 167-173.
5. Konopleva A. A., Butkevich S. A. Tradicii i innovacii: tochki jekstremal'nyh znachenij // Filosofija prava. - 2018. - # 1 (84). - S. 57-64.
6. Rudik M. V., Jushina Ju. V., Derevjanskaja T. P. «Beregis' avtomobilja», ili kak ne stat' zhertvoj avtomoshennika. // Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V. I. Vernadskogo Juridicheskie nauki. - 2019. - T. 5 (71). - #3. - S. 359-369.
7. Toropov S. A. K voprosu kriminalisticheskoj harakteristiki krazh i ugonov transportnyh sredstv v sbornike: obespechenie obshhestvennoj bezopasnosti i protivodejstvie prestupnosti: zadachi, problemy i perspektivy // Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2018. - S. 198-201.
8. Uzhe arestovany 8 podozrevaemyh v organizacii krupnomasshtabnoj afery. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https:// www.spb.kp.ru/daily/26809/3844868 (data obrashhenija: 15.01.2021).
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Shamurzaev T. T., Ardashev R. G.
Prompt disclosure of serial murders as an indicator of professionalism
The authors analyze the practice of solving serial murders in the USSR and modern Russia. Shows the same type of shortcomings admitted by law enforcement agencies for decades. Examples of operational disclosure of crimes of the named category are given. The creation of specialized training courses for investigators and operational staff for the effective disclosure of serial murders is proposed.
Keywords: serial killings, flaws in investigation and solving crimes, conviction of the guilty.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ardashev R. G. Poiskovyj psihologo-kriminalisticheskij portret angarskogo serijnogo ubijcy: istorija sozdanija // Kriminalistika vchera, segodnja, zavtra. - Irkutsk, 2017. - Vyp. 1.
2. Ardashev R. G., Kitaev N. N. O vymyshlennyh serijnyh ubijcah Ukrainy // Uchenye zapiski Tavricheskogo nacional'nogo universiteta im. V. I. Vernadskogo. Serija «Juridicheskie nauki». - 2012.- Tom 25 (64). - # 2.
3. Ardashev R. G., Kitaev N. N. Psihologo-kriminalisticheskij portret serijnogo ubijcy: problemnye voprosy. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii // Kriminalisticheskie chtenija na Bajkale. - Irkutsk, 2015.
4. Danisevich A. N. Provedenie i fiksacija osmotra mesta proisshestvija po ugolovnym delam ob ubijstvah // Problemy kriminalistiki. Vyp.7. -Minsk, 2009.
5. Kitaeva V. N. Sudebno-psihologicheskaja jekspertiza pri rassledovanii tjazhkih prestuplenij protiv lichnosti: Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Irkutsk, 2002.
6. Kitaev N. N. Kazuistika osobo opasnyh prestuplenij, sovershennyh konfidentami pravoohranitel'nyh organov // Problemy kriminalistiki. Vyp. 6. - Minsk, 2008.
7. Kitaev N. N., Kitaeva V. N. Oshibki v publikacijah o raskrytii i rassledovanii serijnyh ubijstv // Zakon i pravo. - 2021. - # 2.
8. Novik V. V. Kriminalisticheskie priznaki povtorjaemyh (serijnyh) prestuplenij // Voprosy sovershenstvovanija predvaritel'nogo sledstvija. Vyp. 7. - SPb., 1992.
9. Protopopov A. L. Rassledovanie serijnyh ubijstv. - SPb., 2006.
10. Shamurzaev T. T., Ardashev R. G., Raskrytie serijnyh ubijstv i astrologicheskaja mantika. Irracionalizacija istiny // Zakon i pravo. - 2020. - # 4.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Verkhozina O. A., Zarubaeva E. Yu.
Motives of criminal behavior, their role and significance in the individualization of criminal responsibility
The article examines the problems of establishing the motives of a crime, which is subject to proof in each criminal case, regardless of its criminal legal significance, especially in cases where the motive affects the qualification of the act, allows you to determine the degree of social danger of the crime and the person who committed it, can also affect the type and terms of punishment. The criminal procedure law today has the necessary capabilities to solve the problem of establishing the true motives of the crime within the framework of investigative actions. Determination of the psychological essence of the concept of “motive” allows you to determine the specifics of the crime motive. Establishing the motives of criminal behavior should be carried out in close connection with the study of the personality of the offender. The article examines the motives of antisocial activity: play, self-affirmation, protective, substitution, self-justification.
Keywords: motives of criminal behavior, psychological nature of the concept “motive”, play motives, self-affirmation, protective, substitution, self-justification, individualization of criminal responsibility.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonjan Ju. M., Kudrjavcev V. N., Jeminov V. E. Lichnost' prestupnika. – SPb.: Izd-vo: Juridicheskij centr Press, 2004. – 366 s.
2. Zmanovskaja E. V., Rybnikov V. Ju. Deviantnoe povedenie lichnosti i gruppy: Uchebnoe posobie. – SPb.:Piter, 2011. – 532 s.
3. Kuter P. Sovremennyj psihoanaliz. Vvedenie v psihologiju bessoznatel'nyh processov (Serija Sovremennaja psihologija: teorija i praktika psihoanaliza). – IOI, 2020. – 342 s.
4. Mozhginskij Ju. B. Agressija u podrostkov: jemocional'nyj i krizisnyj mehanizm. – SPb.: Lan', 1999.– 127 s.
5. Skljarov S. V. Vina i motivy prestupnogo povedenija. – SPb.: Izdatel'stvo R. Aslanova «Juridicheskij centr Press», 2004. – 326 s.
6. Sorochan V. V. Juridicheskaja psihologija: ucheb.-metod. kompleks. – M., 2010. – 105 s.
7. Shihancov G. G. Juridicheskaja psihologija / otv. red.V. A. Tomsinov. – M.: Zercalo, 1998. – 352 s.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Gusengadzhiev R. A.
Factors determining corruption-related crime in the field of education
The Article is devoted to one of the topical problems of criminological science – factors that determine сorruption-related сrime in the field of education. The study analyzes the crime of this category in the field of education. Objective: on the basis of the analysis of materials of criminal cases, judicial and investigative practice, generalization of the results of sociological surveys, to identify the causes and conditions that cause corruption-related crime. To achieve this goal the following methods were used: analysis and generalization of judicial and investigation practice, sociological methods (survey, questionnaire, observation). On the basis of generalization of materials of judicial and investigative practice and the analysis of the results of sociological surveys among various categories of the population determines the factors that determine the crime of corruption in the field of education. Some directions of minimizing the determinants of
corruption-related crime in the field of education are proposed. The results can be used in activity of subjects of prevention of malicious сorruption-related сrime.
Keywords: corruption-related crime, education, factors that determine crime, improvement of the prevention system.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bratanovskij S. N., Zelenov M. F. Administrativno-pravovye aspekty bor'by s korrupciej v sisteme ispolnitel'noj vlasti v RF: Monografija. M.:Prospekt, 2016. 256 s.
2. Vorodjuhin S.E. Korrupcija kak social'noe javlenie i mery bor'by s nej / S. E. Vorodjuhin // Vestnik Belgorodskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii imeni I.D. Putilina. 2020. # 4. S. 42-47.
3. Korrupcija: ponjatie, vidy i otvetstvennost': uchebnoe posobie / V. M. Aliev, V. I. Gladkih, R. S. Daneljan [i dr.]; Departament obrazovanija i nauki goroda Moskvy, Gosudarstvennoe avtonomnoe obrazovatel'noe uchrezhdenie vysshego obrazovanija goroda Moskvy «Moskovskij gorodskoj pedagogicheskij universitet», Institut prava i upravlenija. –2-e izd. M.: Knigodel, 2021. 64 s.
4. Korrupcija v sovremennoj Rossii: sostojanie i problemy protivodejstvija: mat-ly mezhvuzovskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj studencheskoj konferencii. Belgorod, 2020. 309 s.
5. Poljakov M.M. Administrativno-pravovye sposoby preduprezhdenija korrupcionnyh pravonarushenij: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2009.
6. Sorochajkina E.V. Cennostnye orientacii lichnosti kak faktor, opredeljajushhij razvitie korrupcii v obrazovatel'noj sfere v sovremennom obshhestve // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. 2020. # 1-2 (40). S. 45-47.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Didenko K. V., Drobotova N. A.
Crimes against sexual inviolability and sexual freedom of the person and their prevention
The relevance of the research topic is due to the fact that the prevention of crimes that infringe
on the sexual integrity and sexual freedom of the individual occupies an insignificant place in the
structure of crime, and therefore their study is most important in order to identify their phenomenon and develop cardinal measures to counteract it. The article considers the main causes and conditions that contribute to the commission of crimes that infringe on the sexual integrity and sexual freedom of the individual; the characteristic of the personality of the criminal who commits sexual crimes is given. The practical significance of the study conducted by the authors is as follows: the consistent implementation of the prevention measures proposed by the authors of the article contributes to the improvement of measures to counteract sexual crimes.
Keywords: prevention, sexual crimes, criminal, personality, sexual integrity, sexual freedom measures of counteraction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonjan Ju.M., Jeminov V.E. Lichnost' prestupnika. Kriminologo-psihologicheskoe issledovanie. M.: NORMA: INFRA-M, 2010. 368 s.
2. Klejmenov M.P. Kriminologija: uchebnik. – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: NORMA: INFRA-M, 2016. 432 s.
3. Kriminologija: uchebnoe posobie / pod red. V.N. Burlakova, N.M. Kropacheva. – 2-e izd. Standart tret'ego pokolenija. Sankt-Peterburg: Piter, 2016. 304 s.
4. Lysenko E.V. Ugolovno-pravovoj mehanizm obespechenija zadach ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva Rossii: avtoref. dis. … na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kand. jurid. nauk. 12.00.08. Saratov, 2007. 159 s.
5. Marat Zh.P. Plan ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva. M.: Izd-vo inostrannoj literatury, 1951. 152 s.
6. Ugolovnoe pravo: istoki, realii, perehod k ustojchivomu razvitiju: materialy VI Rossijskogo kongressa ugolovnogo prava (26-27 maja 2011 goda). M.: Prospekt, 2011. 888 s.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Dolgushina L. V., Stupina S. A.
Organized crime in the field of legalization (laundering) of money or other property acquired by a person as a result of committing a crime or acquired by other persons through criminal means: current state and development trends
The article presents an analysis of the current state and dynamics of legalization (laundering) of
funds or other property acquired by a person as a result of committing a crime or acquired by other persons through criminal means, committed by an organized group or criminal community. The indicators of such organized crime in Russia over the past ten years are studied, its possible causes are formulated, and the main trends are determined, taking into account the economic cycles and the state of individual types of predicate crimes.
Keywords: money laundering, status, dynamics, organized crime, complicity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dolgushina L. V., Stupina S. A. Nekotorye osobennosti sovremennogo sostojanija i dinamiki prestupnosti na fone pandemii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 3 (154). – S. 333-334.
2. Kompleksnyj analiz sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii po itogam 2018 goda i ozhidaemye tendencii ee razvitija: Analiticheskij obzor.– Moskva: Vserossijskij nauchno-issledovatel'skij institut Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii, 2021. – 72 s.
3. Ljaskalo A. N. Problemy souchastija v legalizacii (otmyvanii) denezhnyh sredstv i inogo imushhestva, priobretennyh prestupnym putem // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2015. – # 1 (50). – S. 18.
4. Oficial'nye statisticheskie dannye MVD Rossii. Statistika i analitika // Ministerstvo vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.rf/Deljatelnost/statistics. (data obrashhenija: 28.05.2021).
5. Stupina S. A. Narkosituacija v Rossii i Sibirskom federal'nom okruge // Jepoha nauki. – 2021. – # 25. – S. 145-146.
6. Stupina S. A., Fedorova E. A. Protivodejstvie legalizacii (otmyvaniju) dohodov, poluchennyh prestupnym putem, kak mera bor'by s nezakonnym oborotom narkotikov // Vestnik Sibirskogo juridicheskogo instituta FSKN Rossii. – 2015. – # 3(20). – S. 41-50.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Donskaya O. G., Alekseev D. V.
Formation of the personality of a minor criminal
The study of the formation of the personality of the criminal is the central problem of criminology. The personality of a juvenile offender is of particular interest for practical activity and, at the same time, of particular difficulty for research.
The factors influencing the formation of the personality of a juvenile offender are multifaceted and changeable. The main ones are the economic factor, the motivational factor, etc. The article provides the author’s analysis of the negative factors affecting the formation of the personality of a juvenile offender.
Of course, the family plays a central role in shaping the deviant behavior of adolescents. Accordingly, preventive work should first of all take place with families in difficult life situations and families in which minors show a tendency to commit illegal actions.
The author also investigated other social spheres from the point of view of negative impact on the personality of a minor, on the basis of which he proposed a list of measures to reduce the criminalization of minors.
Keywords: criminology, crime, criminal, criminal personality, minor, crime prevention, deviant behavior, crime prevention measures, negative factors, recidivism, neglect, homelessness, family in difficult life situation, preventive measures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Burenkova E. O. Sovremennoe sostojanie i tendencii prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih v Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Penzenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Jekonomika, sociologija pravo. – 2020. – # 1 (29). – S. 30-35.
2. Dikusar Ja. S. Vlijanie sem'i na formirovanie deviantnogo povedenija nesovershennoletnih // Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. – 2017. – # 4. – S. 28-33.
3. Egorov I. Tjuremnye igry. Verhovnyj sud priznal AUE jekstremistskoj organizaciej. Rossijskaja gazeta – Federal'nyj vypusk # 182 (8236).– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2020/08/17/verhovnyj-sud-zapretil-dvizhenieaue-v-rossii.html (data obrashhenija: 18.05.2021).
4. Kulaki sportsmenov reshili priravnjat' k oruzhiju: posle dela Mirzaeva Gosduma gotovit popravki v Zakon o sporte, usilivajushhie otvetstvennost' za primenenie boevyh navykov // Oficial'nyj sajt gazety «Izvestie». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.izvestia.ru/news/518498(data obrashhenija: 17.05.2021).
5. Kulikov V., Maciong E. Prerekaemyj avtoritet. Ugolovnye «ponjatija» priravneny k jekstremizmu. «Rossijskaja gazeta», nedelja # 196 (8250). –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2020/09/02/verhovnyj-sud-priravnial-ugolovnyeponiatiia-k-ekstremizmu.html (data obrashhenija:18.05.2021).
6. Kurinova Ja. I., Isakova Ju. I. Sovremennaja prestupnost' nesovershennoletnih: kriminologicheskaja harakteristika // Zakon i zhizn'. – 2017. – T. 1.– # 2. – S. 28-37.
7. Sazanova E. A. Prestupnost' nesovershennoletnih lic v Rossii: kriminologicheskaja harakteristika i osobennosti // Nauka i obrazovanie: hozjajstvo i jekonomika; predprinimatel'stvo; pravo i upravlenie. – 2019. – # 6 (109). – C. 121-126.
8. Taburchenko P. A. Kriminologicheskie osobennosti nasil'stvennoj prestupnosti sportsmenov // Vestnik Brjanskogo gosuniversiteta. – 2015. – # 3. – S. 173-176.
9. Utkina T. V. Prestupnost' nesovershennoletnih v Rossijskoj Federacii i Permskom krae (otdel'nye jelementy kriminologicheskoj harakteristiki, predlozhenija po profilaktike. // Sbornik materialov VI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Penitenciarnaja sistema i obshhestvo:opyt vzaimodejstvija». – Perm', 2019. – S. 84-86.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Lovtsevich S. E., Shastina A. R.
On the issue of legal regulation of the sale of confiscated property
The authors analyze the legal regulation of the procedure for the sale of confiscated property and conclude that there are imperfections and gaps in the current Russian legislation. The main problems that arise in practice during the sale of confiscated property are highlighted. On the example of France, the effectiveness of the functioning of the centralized system of management and sale of confiscated property is investigated. The authors propose to apply positive foreign experience when creating a state information system for recording seized, confiscated and other seized and subject to state ownership of property, which is scheduled to be launched in Russia in 2023-2024.
Keywords: sale of confiscated property, material evidence, state information accounting system.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agil'din V. V. Institut konfiskacii imushhestva kak preventivnaja mera preduprezhdenija prestupnosti //Kriminologicheskij zhurnal Bajkal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta jekonomiki i prava. - 2013. - #1. - S. 71-75.
2. Golovnenkov P. V., Ponjatovskaja T. G. Sushhnost' konfiskacii imushhestva v germanskom i rossijskom ugolovnom prave // Kriminologicheskij zhurnal Bajkal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta jekonomiki i prava. - 2015. - T. 9. - # 1. - S. 164-173. – DOI: 10.17150/1996-7756.2015.9(1).164-173.
3. Rumjanceva Ju. N. Zloupotreblenie dolzhnostnymi polnomochijami kak ugroza bezopasnosti jekonomicheskoj sistemy // Baikal Research Journal. - 2017. - T. 8. - #3. - S. 20.
4. Stenogramma vstrechi Prezidenta RF Vladimira Putina i rukovoditelja FAS Rossii Igorja Artem'eva. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://krasnodar.fas.gov.ru/news/11094 (data obrashhenija:30.04.2021)
5. Utverzhden plan po sozdaniju sistemy ucheta konfiskovannogo imushhestva. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://minfin.gov.ru/ru/presscenter/?id_4=37300-utverzhden_plan_po_sozdaniyu_sistemy_ucheta_konfiskovannogo_imushchestva (data obrashhenija: 30.04.2021).
6. L’IGJ publie son rapport d’activité 2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vie-publique.fr/sites/default/files/rapport/pdf/277310.pdf (data obrashhenija: 30.04.2021).
7. Présentation de l’AGRASC. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.justice.gouv.fr/justicepenale-11330/agrasc-12207/ (data obrashhenija: 30.04.2021).
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Stupina S. A.
Illegal arms trafficking: figures and realities
The article presents an analysis of the current state and dynamics of crimes related to illegal arms trafficking. Based on the analysis of official statistical data, as well as taking into account the current regulation of criminal liability for such crimes and existing legislative initiatives, a possible picture of the real situation of combating these types of criminal attacks is presented.
Keywords: weapons, illegal arms trafficking, crime, criminal community, street crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dolgushina L. V., Stupina S. A. Nekotorye osobennosti sovremennogo sostojanija i dinamiki prestupnosti na fone pandemii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 3 (154). – S. 333-334.
2. Kompleksnyj analiz sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii po itogam 2018 goda i ozhidaemye tendencii ee razvitija: Analiticheskij obzor. – M.: Vserossijskij nauchno-issledovatel'skij institut Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii, 2021. – 72 s.
3. Oficial'nye statisticheskie dannye MVD Rossii. Statistika i analitika // Ministerstvo vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii. – Rezhim dostupa:https://mvd.rf/Deljatelnost/statistics. (data obrashhenija: 28.04.2021).
4. Alex Yablon More Good Guys with Concealed Guns =More Violent Crime. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.thetrace.org/2017/06/right-tocarry-crime-stats/ (data obrashhenija: 14.04.2021).
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Tolgurova Z. H., Kushkhov R. Kh.
Criminological characteristics of juvenile delinquency
Тhe authors in the article considers the criminological characteristic of juvenile delinquency as a factor destructive to the development of social relations. The article analyses the legal and regulatory framework governing the imposition of responsibility for crimes committed by minors, as well as statistical data that allow assessing the difficult situation in the field of juvenile crime. The purpose of the work was to study aspects of the criminological characteristics of juvenile crimes, their peculiarities from the practical use as a factor in countering crime in order to improve measures to combat crime in general and its components. When analyzing the main aspects of the criminological characteristics of juvenile delinquency, it was concluded that it is necessary to determine the causes and conditions that contribute to the commission of crimes and destructively affect the development of the individual, as well as possible solutions.
Keywords: criminological characteristics, minors, criminality, age, opposition, criminology.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dorzhieva E. B. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2018. – # 23 (209). – S. 78-80.
2. Kriminologija: uchebnik dlja vuzov / pod red. prof. V. D. Malkova. – 27-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: ZAO «Justicinform», 2006. – 528 s.
3. Kulikov E. A., Kulaevskij A. V. Aspekty kriminologicheskoj harakteristiki nasil'stvennoj prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih i nekotorye problemy ejo preduprezhdenija // Society and Security Insights. Pravo. – 2019.– # 2. – S. 116-128.
4. Podchernjaem A. N. Nesovershennoletnij pravonarushitel': kriminologicheskij i ugolovno-pravovoj analiz // Viktimologija. Pravo. – 2019. – # 4 (22). – S. 79-83.
5. Trusova K. Ju. Kriminologicheskie osobennosti prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. Pravo. – 2019. – # 6. – S. 461-466.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Daminov A. A., Tolstikhin A. N.
Problems of the practice of using firearms by employees of internal affairs bodies
This article provides the necessary knowledge and understanding of the legal use of firearms, statistics of injury by police officers in the line of duty. Ensuring public safety.
Keywords: police officers, firearms, state, offenders.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O policii» ot 07.02.2011 #3-FZ.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O sluzhbe v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii i vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 30.11.2011 g. # 342-FZ.
3. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob oruzhii» ot 13.12.1996 g. #150-FZ.
4. Zakon «Ob uchrezhdenijah i organah, ispolnjajushhih ugolovnye nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody» ot 21.07.1993 g. # 5473-1.
5. Volkova P. A., Chencova M. M. Primenenie ognestrel'nogo oruzhija sotrudnikami OVD: praktiki i vozmozhnye puti ee sovershenstvovanija.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Kodzokova L. A., Kumysheva M. K.
Priority areas for combating certain types of crime in the Russian Federation
Preventive measures are extremely important for solving the problem of crime. These measures come from state and public policy in relation to various segments of the population, the development and further implementation of a competent and effective program of action, including in the field of meeting the socially significant interests and needs of citizens in the field of education, leisure, culture, sports and labor. This article examines the main directions of the fight against certain types of crime in the Russian Federation. Particular attention is paid to the importance of the economic component in the fight against crime, the need for a versatile approach by the actors to the organization of prevention, to involve public organizations and citizens in the prevention of crimes. The need for changes in the organization of the work of the Internal Affairs Directorate for the prevention of crimes was noted.
Keywords: crime, fight, directions, international cooperation, prevention, prevention, internal affairs bodies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. Ot 30.04.2021). - St. 446.2. - Ch. 2.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 9 maja 2017 g. # 203 «O strategii razvitija informacionnogo obshhestva v Rossijskoj Federacii na 2017-2030 gody». - Razdel 3.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 18 fevralja 2020 g. # 25-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v stat'i 150 i 151 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii». - St. 1-3.
4. Federal'nym zakonom ot 31 ijulja 2020 g. # 259-FZ «O cifrovyh finansovyh aktivah, cifrovoj valjute i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii». -St. 5.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Murtazin A. I., Nikolaev N. Yu.
Features of the use of weapons by police officers in an extreme situation
In this scientific work, the main components of the legal regulation of the basics of the use of firearms by police officers in extreme situations are considered. Methodological analysis of the legal sphere of influence of the Federal Law “On the Police” on the grounds and factors of the use of firearms under conditions of emotional stress is carried out.
Keywords: grounds and procedure for the use of firearms, extreme conditions, firearms, police officer, legality, law enforcement.
Work bibliographic list
1. O policii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 7 fevralja 2011g. # 3-FZ (s posled. izm. i dop.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
2. Litvin D. V. Formirovanie professional'noj kompetencii sotrudnikov policii v oblasti primenenija fizicheskoj sily, special'nyh sredstv i ognestrel'nogo oruzhija v processe professional'nogo obuchenija. – Krasnodarskij universitet MVD Rossii, 2015. – S. 114.
3. Nevmovenko A. A., Ustinov A. A. Rol' taktiko-special'noj podgotovki sotrudnikov OVD v formirovanii ih professional'noj napravlennosti// Problemy pravoohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti.–2014. – # 4. – S. 45-48.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Buraeva L. A.,Dadova Z. I., Voyloshnikov O. D.
On the current problems of countering the spread of radical ideas and extremist ideology in the global information space
The article deals with the current problems of ensuring information security in the global information space, which at the present stage is actively used for criminal purposes to promote radical ideas and extremist ideology. Modern trends in the use of web resources, in particular social services, which are one of the main sources of spreading destructive ideas, ideologies, and a means of communication between extremist and terrorist organizations and groups, are noted.
Keywords: extremism, terrorism, information extremism, cyberterrorism, global information space, social networks, countering terrorism and extremism, the Internet.
Work bibliographic list
1. Auditorija social'nyh setej v 2021 godu. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://marketinguniversity.ru/socialnye_seti-2021 (data obrashhenija: 20.05.2020)
2. V Evpatorii vynesli prigovor ukrainskomu studentu za sozdanie jekstremistskogo soobshhestva.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.newc.info/news/64280/?utm_source=yxnews&utm_medium=desktop&utm_ referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fyandex.ru%2Fnews%2Fsearch%3Ftext%3D (data obrashhenija:20.05.2020).
3. V Rossii snizilos' kolichestvo razboev i grabezhej, no stalo bol'she kiberprestuplenij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2020/08/19/mvdv-2020-godu-chislo-kiberprestuplenij-v-rossii-vyroslona-946.html#:~:text=Chislo%20prestuplenij%2C%20sovershennyh%20s%20ispol'zovaniem,tjazhkih%20-%20na%20129%2C7%20procenta (data obrashhenija:02.04.2021).
4. Gluharev D. S. Protivodejstvie jekstremizmu v sovremennom mediaprostranstve // Vestnik Juzhno-Ural'skogo gosud. universiteta. Cheljabinsk. – 2012. – # 10.– S. 137.
5. Dadova Z. I., Buraeva L. A. Ispol'zovanie informacionno-propagandistskih metodov pri osushhestvlenii profilakticheskih meroprijatij, napravlennyh na preduprezhdenie projavlenij jekstremizma i terrorizma v global'noj seti internet // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 8 (147). – S. 343-345.
6. Dimlevich N. R. «NET!» Informacionnomu terrorizmu v Internete // Truenet.info. Analitika. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.truenet.info/analitika (data obrashhenija: 17.05.2020)
7. Krasnov prinjal uchastie vo vstreche rukovoditelej prokurorskih sluzhb BRIKS. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://russian.rt.com/world/news/813587-krasnov-strany-briks (data obrashhenija: 02.05.2021).
8. Ponomarev V. A. Informacionnyj jekstremizm i informacionnyj terrorizm v prostranstve PR-tehnologij, SMI i otkrytoj informacionnoj seti(Internet): konceptual'nyj aspekt // Voprosy teorii i praktiki zhurnalistiki. – 2018. – T. 7. – # 2. – S. 301-319.
9. Putin obsudil s glavoj Roskomnadzora mery po zashhite dannyh v internete. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://news.myseldon.com/ru/news/index/235623418 (data obrashhenija: 20.05.2020)
10. Shogenov T. M., Buraeva L. A. Jekstremizm – aktual'naja ugroza nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii: ponjatie i projavlenija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 9 (148). – S. 409-411.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Guseynov A. A., Zhuravlev A. S.
Consideration of dangerous places when developing reserve routes of the protected person in the implementation of the personal protection security measures
In recent years, methodological recommendations and training manuals on the specifics of the organization, tactics, forms and methods of work to ensure the personal protection of the protected person have been actively developed for the training of personnel implementing the «personal protection» security measure. This article provides recommendations for the construction of alternate routes of movement of the protected person in the implementation of the security measure «personal protection». Special attention is paid to identifying and taking into account dangerous places when planning routes.
Keywords: security measure, personal protection, protected person, emergency route, dangerous place.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bajzon S. Organizacija lichnoj ohrany. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.proza.ru/2011/11/23/460 (data obrashhenija: 29.03.2021)
2. Gusejnov A. A. Voprosy planirovanija peredvizhenija zashhishhaemogo lica pri realizacii lichnoj ohrany // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019.- # 6. - S. 374-375.
3. Razrabotka marshrutov sledovanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://safeorg.ru/archives/489 (data obrashhenija: 29.03.2021)
4. Shikin A. S. Organizacija lichnoj ohrany: uchebno-prakticheskoe posobie. - M.: Akademicheskij Proekt, 2014. - 316 s.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Zhumabekova T. A., Kurmanalieva А. A.
Development of the institution of advocacy as a measure to combat threats to the national security of the Kyrgyz Republic
The article considers the category of “national security” in the context of the possible influence
that the Bar of the Kyrgyz Republic as a subject of civil society of the country can have on its provision. Based on the legal status of the Advocacy of the Kyrgyz Republic, the author concludes that the activities of professional lawyers, subject to its systematic and high-quality implementation, can significantly minimize the negative consequences of internal threats characteristic of the country at the present stage of its development. The author examines such a threat to national security as crime, concludes that lawyers can help prevent it both directly and indirectly. At the same time, the direct participation of lawyers is manifested in the form of procedural powers granted to them by the criminal procedural legislation. The mediation of participation can take the form of research, teaching, expert activities through which lawyers have the opportunity to influence the legal consciousness of citizens.
Keywords: security, interest, advocacy, lawyer, community, threat, defense.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki ot 5 maja 2021 goda # 59 // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema Ministerstva justicii Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki, Centralizovannyj bank dannyh pravovoj informacii Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/112215?cl=ru-ru.
2. Ob Advokature Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki i advokatskoj dejatel'nosti [Tekst]: Zakon Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki ot 14 ijulja 2014 goda # 135 // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «TOKTOM mamleket Pro».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.toktom.kg/?comp=main&mt=1.
3. O Nacional'noj strategii razvitija Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki na 2018-2040 gody [Tekst]: Ukaz Prezidenta Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki ot 31 oktjabrja 2018 goda UP #221 // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «TOKTOM mamleket Pro». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.toktom.kg/?comp=main&m_t=1.
4. Ganchevski B. K., Sembekova B. R. Nacional'naja bezopasnost': psihologicheskie i kriminalisticheskie aspekty [Tekst] // Vestnik KarGU. – 2013. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://articlekz.com/article/6200.
5. Latypov T. S. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' kak pravovaja kategorija [Tekst] / Interaktivnaja nauka. –2016. – # 10. – S. 205-208.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Klimovskiy A. S., Yuzvak S. A.
Some problematic aspects of anti-terrorist security of objects
The article deals with the issue of anti-terrorist security of objects, mechanisms of complex protection and ways of solving this problem. Particular attention is paid to a specific typical situation of a terrorist nature when potentially dangerous items or suspicious items are detected and further check on them. It is proposed to amend the regulations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation on the reception and consideration of these types of messages when suspicious objects are detected without obvious signs of explosive devices.
Keywords: terrorism, extremism, dangerous objects, explosive devices, suspicious objects.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii terrorizmu» ot 06.03.2006 # 35-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija).
2. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 29.08.2014 # 736 (red. Ot 09.10.2019) «Ob utverzhdenii Instrukcii o porjadke priema, registracii i razreshenija v territorial'nyh organah Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii zajavlenij i soobshhenij o prestuplenijah, ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah, o proisshestvijah».
3. Antiterroristicheskaja zashhishhennost' ob"ektov s massovym prebyvaniem ljudej: Ucheb. posobie / S.N. Novikov, A. Ju. Nazarov, F. F. Muzafarov, V. G.Nyrkov. — Ufa: UJuI MVD Rossii, 2013. — S. 42.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Kurashinova A. Kh.
Formation of anti-extremist consciousness as a direction of prevention of youth extremism
One of the most pressing problems of society at the present stage is the high level of involvement of young people in extremist activities. Young people are still the main target audience of representatives of extremist ideology, because they are the most susceptible to all kinds of new trends due to their age characteristics - lack of critical thinking, the presence of protest moods, the desire for self -affirmation, liberation from the dictates of adults, etc. This is a matter of concern, since young people are the part of society on which the future of the State, its prosperity and well-being depend. The purpose of the article is to study the conditions for the formation of antiextremist consciousness of young people as a factor acting in unity with the activity and determining its motivation, regulating behavior.
Keywords: extremism, consciousness, structure of consciousness, anti-extremist consciousness, prevention of extremism.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Postanovlenie pravitel'stva Kabardino-Balkarskoj Respubliki ot 9 marta 2021 goda # 32-PP «O vnesenii izmenenija v prilozhenie # 3 k gosudarstvennoj programme Kabardino-Balkarskoj Respubliki «Profilaktika terrorizma i jekstremizma v Kabardino-Balkarskoj respublike». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/571035937 (data obrashhenija: 09.05.2021).
2. Volgusheva A. A. Struktura soznanija v filosofii.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://centeryf.ru/data/stat/struktura-soznaniya-v-filosofii.php (data obrashhenija: 09.05.2021).
3. Kurashinova A. H. Duhovnyj vakuum kak predposylka kriminalizacii molodjozhi // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2017. - # 3. - S. 117.
4. Kurashinova A. H. Setevye faktory formirovanija jekstremistskih ustanovok u molodezhi. // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2020. - T. 13. - # 4. - S. 52-56.
5. Majer P. A. Sushhnost' i soderzhanie principa edinstva soznanija i dejatel'nosti. – Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Molodoj uchenyj. - 2016. - # 15 (119). - S. 406-409.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://moluch.ru/archive/119/33135/ (data obrashhenija: 09.05.2021)
6. Rubinshtejn S. L. Osnovy obshhej psihologii. - SPb:Piter, 2000.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Davydov N. M., Semiglazov A. G.
Actual problems related to the consideration of materials of pre-investigation checks on the facts of receipt of citizens ‘ statements about the threat to their life and health
The article deals with the problems associated with the procedure for considering citizens’ reports about the commission of a crime against them under Article 119 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (threat of murder). The research analysis of the problems that arise when considering materials related to the threat of murder or causing serious harm to health is carried out, some ways of solving them are proposed.
Keywords: report, crime, consideration, preventive composition, death threats.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rossijskaja Federacija. Konstitucija (1993). Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: tekst s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami na 21 ijulja 2014 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 15.03.2021). - Tekst: jelektronnyj.
2. Rossijskaja Federacija. Zakony. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ: tekst s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami na 31.07.2020 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 01.03.2021) – Tekst: jelektronnyj.
3. Arhiv mirovogo sud'i Navlinskogo sudebnogo uchastka # 44 Navlinskogo rajona Brjanskoj oblasti. Ugolovnoe delo # 1-68/2010.
4. Kulikov V. V. «Vzjali na ispug» // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2017. – # 196 (7362). – S. 12-14. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2017/08/31/verhovnyj-sud-razreshil-schitat-ugrozoj-napravlennoena-cheloveka-oruzhie.htm.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Tsyganok A. I.
Prevention and Counteraction to Youth Extremism on the Example of the Republic of Bashkortostan
The article is devoted to the study of prevention and counteraction to youth extremism in the Republic of Bashkortostan. In recent years, an effective system for preventing and countering extremism has been created in the region. Educational organizations of the region have built well-coordinated work with the authorities for the development and implementation of preventive, patriotic, educational and propaganda measures.
Keywords: extremism, extremist activity, political extremism, religious extremism, youth extremism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zakon Respubliki Bashkortostan ot 12 nojabrja 1991 goda # VS-9/74 «O molodezhnoj politike v Respublike Bashkortostan».
2. Rasporjazhenie Glavy Respubliki Bashkortostan ot 11 marta 2015 goda # RG-43 «Ob obrazovanii Koordinacionnogo soveta Respubliki Bashkortostan po voprosam profilaktiki jekstremizma i terrorizma».
3. Nacional'nyj proekt «Obrazovanie», utverzhdennyj Prezidiumom Soveta pri Prezidente Rossijskoj Federacii po strategicheskomu razvitiju i nacional'nym proektam. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://static.government.ru/media/.
4. Reshenie postojanno dejstvujushhego koordinacionnogo soveshhanija po obespecheniju pravoporjadka v Respublike Bashkortostan ot 2 marta 2020 goda «O sostojanii raboty po profilaktike rasprostranenija jekstremizma v molodezhnoj srede, prezhde vsego v obrazovatel'nyh organizacijah».
5. V Rossii v 2020 godu vyjavili 500 prestuplenij jekstremistskoj napravlennosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/obschestvo/
6. Davydov D. G. Prichiny molodjozhnogo jekstremizma i ego profilaktika v obrazovatel'noj srede // Sociologija obrazovanija. – 2013. – # 10. – S. 4-17.
7. Kastel's M. Vlast' kommunikacii: uchebnoe posobie / M. Kastel's; per. s angl. N. M. Tylevich; pod nauch. red. A. I. Chernyh; Nac. issled. un-t «Vysshaja shkola jekonomiki». – M., 2016. – 564 s.
8. Chislennost' naselenija Rossijskoj Federacii po polu i vozrastu. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rosstat.gov.ru/compendium.
9. Sharapov A. V. Pedagogicheskij analiz prichin vozniknovenija molodezhnogo jekstremizma v kontekste socializacii lichnosti // Vestnik TvGU. Serija Pedagogika i psihologija. – 2017. – Vyp. 2. – S. 24-31.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Mazur D. I.
Analysis of the regulatory framework regulating the Russian oil and gas industry in the context of legal globalization and the post-coronavirus crisis
The article analyzes the legal framework governing the activities of the oil and gas industry in Russia in the context of legal globalization and the post-coronavirus crisis.
Conducting a systematic and logical analysis will determine the further trend and state of development of doctrinal and legislative approaches in the aspect of legal regulation of the oil and gas sector in the aspect of changes and additions to the legislation of the Russian Federation for the period 2020-2021, which has legislative recognition. The peculiarities of the regulation of legal states that have a legislative initiative in legislative activity are revealed. The categorical nature of legal analysis consists in an in-depth process of analysis and understanding of the subject and object of the problem; understanding the behavioral aspect of individual structures and parts; the possibility of combining the results obtained to achieve an understanding of the development of a unified legal mechanism in order to harmonize the legislation of the regulated oil and gas industry in Russia in the context of legal globalization and the post-coronavirus crisis.
Keywords: oil and gas industry, legal globalization, legal regulation, analysis, legal framework, Federal laws of the Russian Federation, bylaws, legal support, legislative activity, legal mechanism, post-coronavirus crisis.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 30.04.2021 # 123-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Zakon RF «O nedrah» ot 30.04.2021 goda // SPS, Garant, 2021.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O licenzirovanii otdel'nyh vidov dejatel'nosti» ot 04.05.2011 # 99-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija) // SPS, Konsul'tantPljus, 2021.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 24.07.2007 # 209-FZ «O razvitii malogo i srednego predprinimatel'stva v Rossijskoj Federacii», (red. 08.06.2020 god) // SPS, Garant, 2021.
4. Federal'nyj Zakon ot 31 ijulja 2020 g. # 248-FZ «O gosudarstvennom kontrole (nadzore) i municipal'nom kontrole v Rossijskoj Federacii». Vstupaet v silu s 01.07.2021 g. // SPS, Garant, 2021.
5. Prikaz Minjenergo Rossii ot 31.12.2020 # 1272 «Ob utverzhdenii plana zakonoproektnoj dejatel'nosti Ministerstva jenergetiki RF na 2021 god» // SPS, Garant, 2021.
6. Postanovlenie VS RF ot 15.07.1992 # 3314-1 (red. Ot 05.04.2016) «O porjadke vvedenija v dejstvie Polozhenija o porjadke licenzirovanija pol'zovanija nedrami» // SPS, Garant, 2021.
7. Postanovlenie ot 30.11.2020 # 1969 «Ob osobennostjah formirovanija ezhegodnyh planov provedenija planovyh proverok juridicheskih lic i individual'nyh predprinimatelej na 2021 god» // SPS, Garant, 2021.
8. Osnovnye napravlenija bjudzhetnoj, nalogovoj i tamozhenno-tarifnoj politiki na 2021 god i na planovyj period 2022 i 2023 godov (utv. Minfinom Rossii) // SPS, Garant, 2021.
9. Zaharova M. V. Razvitie pravovyh sistem v uslovijah globalizacii // Aktual'nye problemy teorii i istorii pravovoj sistemy obshhestva. – 2015. – # 14.– S. 20.
10. Kuli-zade T. A. Pravovaja globalizacija: ponjatija i soderzhanie // Juridicheskie nauki. – Vypusk # 1(67). – Janvar', 2018. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://research-journal.org/law/pravovayaglobalizaciya-ponyatie-i-soderzhanie/, 2021.
11. Oficial'nyj sajt UNIDRUA. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.unidroit.org/fr/instruments/procedure-civile-transnationale (data obrashhenija: 17.05.2021).
 
STATE AND LAW
Drobyshevsky S. A., Krasovskaya N. S., Kotova E. V.
Problems of regional legal regulation of the protection of the dignity of the indigenous peoples of the Russian Federation (using the example of the Krasnoyarsk Kray)
The article provides an analysis of the legal regulation of ensuring the human dignity of the indigenous peoples of Russia at the level of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on
the example of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. It is proved necessary to solve the problems in the noted sphere in two ways. Firstly, granting these ethnic communities additional legal rights in comparison with those of the rest of the Russian population. Secondly, the improvement of legal techniques for the full realization of these additional legal rights.
Keywords: human dignity, indigenous minorities, legal regulation, regional legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andrichenko L.V. Regulirovanie i zashhita prav nacional'nyh men'shinstv v zakonodatel'stve zarubezhnyh stran // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2002. # 3. S. 84-93.
2. Vlasov V.A., Zotov R.S. Nacional'nye vidy sporta korennyh malochislennyh narodov, prozhivajushhih v Arkticheskoj zone Rossii: nekotorye aktual'nye voprosy // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. 2018. # 7(163). S. 35-36.
3. Gergilev D.N., Panteleeva I.A., Byvshev V.I. Opyt Krasnojarskogo kraja po razvitiju nauchnogo potenciala v oblasti arkticheskih issledovanij // Aktual'nye problemy jekonomiki i menedzhmenta. 2020.# 4 (28). S. 19-25.
4. Gogolev P.V. Mestnoe samoupravlenie na territorijah kompaktnogo prozhivanija korennyh malochislennyh narodov Severa, Sibiri i Dal'nego Vostoka// Vestnik Severo-Vostochnogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni M.K. Ammosova. Serija: Istorija. Politologija. Pravo. 2016. # 1. S. 48.
5. Dostoinstvo zhitelej goroda Krasnojarska i Krasnojarskogo kraja : juridicheskij aspekt / S. A. Drobyshevskij, D. A. Kazachkova, S. V. Orlova, T. V. Protopopova. Kirov: Izdatel'stvo MCITO, 2017.
6. Drobyshevskij S.A. Istorija politicheskih i pravovyh uchenij: osnovnye klassicheskie idei. M.:Norma, 2018. 688 s.
7. Kornjakov K.A. Kadrovye problemy razvitija Arktiki // Finansy i kredit. 2018. T. 24. S. 929-938.
8. Krjazhkov V.A. Status korennyh malochislennyh narodov Rossii. Mezhdunarodnye pravovye akty i rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo. Kniga chetvertaja. S.244-648.
9. Krjazhkov V.A. Tradicionnyj obraz zhizni korennyh malochislennyh narodov v konstitucionno-pravovom izmerenii // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2017. # 12. S. 44-55.
10. Pravovoe regulirovanie obespechenija chelovecheskogo dostoinstva: monografija. M.: Prospekt, 2021. 280 s.
11. Romashov R.A. Chelovecheskoe dostoinstvo v Rossii:pravo cheloveka ili privilegija vlasti? // Pravo i vlast': osnovnye modeli vzaimodejstvija v mnogopoljarnom mire. Voronezh, 2017. S. 57.
12. Tepljashin I.V. Arktika: institucional'no-pravovoe uchastie obshhestvennosti // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2020. # 2.
 
STATE AND LAW
Kuznetsova E. V.
The history of the creation of the movement “Our home – Russia” (NDR)
The article examines the creation of the first parties in power, the Russian multi-party system was then reflected in the numerous factions of the State Duma of Russia, the main advantages of which were constant political intrigues and the search for their allies and enemies. The concepts of “communist”, “democratic”, “patriotic” and others, then served as symbols for the identification of political organizations by the population on an emotional level.
Keywords: party, movement, pro-government association, political elite, political conditions, parliament, propaganda.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bunin I., Zudin A., Kolosov V., Makarenko B., Roslavleva K. Bol'shaja chetverka // Novoe vremja. – 1996.– # 33. – S. 12.
2. Politicheskie partii Rossii v kontekste ee istorii. Rostov-na-Donu, 1998.
3. Usmanov R. H. Politicheskie partii i politicheskie processy (istorija, teorija i sovremennost'). – M.,2001.
4. Usmanov R. H. Regional'nyj partogenez v politicheskom processe sovremennoj Rossii (Juzhnyj federal'nyj okrug v 1990-e gody). – M., 2002.
 
STATE AND LAW
Pakhalova A. A.
Legal regulation of the operation of the Northern Sea Route
The article presents the political and legal aspect and the subjective approach to the methodology of the development of the Northern Sea Route from the standpoint of legal regulation. The legal status of the Northern Sea Route and the possibility of its regulation are due to the continuity and unity of this historically established national transport communication of the Russian Federation, as well as the regional features of the Arctic zone. Most of the Northern Sea Route is located within the boundaries of the territorial sea or within the boundaries of the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf of the Russian Federation, which is confirmed by the domestic and
international policy of the Russian Federation. The use of the Northern Sea Route as a national unified transport communication of the Russian Federation is one of the priority areas of Russia in the Arctic zone.
Keywords: right, legal regulation, Northern Sea Route, Arctic zone, exploitation, transport communication, water area, legal status, transport corridor, modernization, infrastructure.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii v chasti gosudarstvennogo regulirovanija torgovogo moreplavanija v akvatorii Severnogo morskogo puti» ot –28.07.2012. – # 132. // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva.– # 31. – 30.07.2012. – St. 4321.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O estestvennyh monopolijah» ot 17.08.1995 # 147-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva. – # 34. – 21.08.1995. – St. 3426.
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnutrennih morskih vodah, territorial'nom more i prilezhashhej zone Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 31.07.1998 # 155-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva – # 31. –03.08.1998. – St. 3833.
4. Zolotuhin I. N. Severnyj morskoj put' kak transokeanicheskaja magistral'. Problemy osvoenija v aspekte interesov derzhav Severnoj Pacifiki:vzgljad iz Rossii // Ojkumena. Regionovedcheskie issledovanija. – 2015. – # 2 (25).
5. Kozlova A. My pojdjom Severnym morskim putjom. Smozhet li marshrut po rossijskoj Arktike zamenit' juzhnuju transportnuju arteriju cherez Sujeckij kanal? // Komsomol'skaja pravda. – 02.04.2019.
6. Konvencija Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij po morskomu pravu» (UNCLOS) (zakljuchena v g. Montego-Bee 10.12.1982) (s izm. ot 23.07.1994). // Bjulleten' mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov. – 1998. – # 1. – S. 3-168.
7. Larchenko L. V., Kolyshkin A. V., Jakovleva T. V., Neljubina L. V. Mozhet li Severnyj morskoj put' stat' konkurentosposobnym mezhdunarodnym tranzitnym putjom. Innovacii. – 2018. – # 10. – S. 64.
8. Mednikov V., Hantington G. P. Arkticheskoe sudohodstvo: nadlezhashhee upravlenie, osnovannoe na faktah, a ne na mifah // Rossijskij sovet po mezhdunarodnym delam. – 2016.
9. Smal' S. V., Il'jasov R. M. Severnyj morskoj put':problemy strategicheskogo razvitija i perspektivy mezhdunarodnogo ispol'zovanija // Obshhestvo: politika, jekonomika, pravo. – # 6. – 2018. – S. 14.
10. Fadeev A. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo v osvoenii Arktiki // RSMD. – 2018.
11. Jakovlev A. N. Severnyj morskoj put' Rossii // Morskoj sbornik. – 2015. – # 10. – S. 16-19.
 
STATE AND LAW
Safin F. G., Abramova S. R.,
Muslimova L. F., Abramov I. R.
Social stratification of the population in a multi-ethnic region (on the example of the Republic of Bashkortostan)
In this article, based on the results of population censuses, an attempt is made to reveal the ethno-social stratification of the population in multi-ethnic Bashkortostan. This article makes only the first attempts to understand the new social structure in multi-ethnic Bashkortostan. The fundamental changes that took place during the years of the market economy made their own adjustments to the ethno-social structure of the population.
Keywords: social differentiation, ethno-social structure economic, branches of the national, economy sphere, employment.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Alekseenko S. S., Abramova S. R., Safin F. G. Jetnosocial'nye osnovy razvitija russkogo naselenija v Bashkortostane (po dannym jetnosociologicheskih issledovanij). – Ufa, 2018.
2. Bashkiry v nachale XX veka. Statisticheskij sbornik. –Ufa, 2008. – 194 s.
3. Nacional'nyj sostav i vladenie jazykami, grazhdanstvo naselenija Respubliki Bashkortostan po dannym Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 g. Statisticheskij sbornik. V 2 ch. – Chast' II. – Ufa: Bashkortostanstat, 2013. – 189 s.
4. Social'naja i kul'turnaja distancii. Opyt mnogonacional'noj Rossii / Institut jetnologii i antropologii RAN. – M.: Izd-vo Instituta sociologii RAN, 1998. – 388 s.
5. Social'noe neravenstvo jetnicheskih grupp: predstavlenija i real'nost' / Avt. proekta i otv. red. L. M. Drobizheva. – M.: Academia, 2002. – 480 s.
6. Tekushhij arhiv Territorial'nogo organa federal'noj sluzhby statistiki po Respublike Bashkortostan (Bashkortostanstat).
7. Shkaratan O. I., Jastrebov G. A. Social'no-professional'naja struktura naselenija Rossii. Teoreticheskie predposylki, metody i nekotorye rezul'taty povtornyh oprosov 1994, 2002, 2006 gg. // Mir Rossii. – 2007. – T.16. – # 3. – S. 3-49.
8. Jetnokul'turnyj i jetnosocial'nyj portret naselenija Bashkortostana v XX – nachale XXI veka: jetnostatisticheskij sbornik. – Ufa, 2014. – 155 s.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Derikot T. E., Cheremisina E. V.
Distance learning as a form of organizing the educational process: advantages and disadvantages
The development and implementation of new distance learning and information technologies in the system of training of students of higher educational institutions is a necessary and natural condition that allows improving the quality of training of specialists involved in the educational process, increasing the efficiency of all forms of the educational process, and bringing it to a level that meets international standards. The article discusses the problems and prospects of implementing distance learning in the educational process of higher education. A sociological study was conducted among students of the Tyumen Industrial University, studying in secondary and higher education programs (bachelor’s and master’s degrees) in order to identify their attitude to distance education, as well as its problems, difficulties and prospects for implementation.The advantages and disadvantages of distance education were analyzed. Options for improving the effectiveness of distance learning in modern conditions are proposed.
Keywords: distance education, educational resource higher school, distance learning, educational process.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Studenty vuzov Rossii o distancionnom obuchenii:ocenka i vozmozhnosti / I. A. Aleshkovskij, A. T. Gasparishvili, O. V. Kruhmaleva [i dr.]. – Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii. –2020. – # 10. – S. 86-100.
2. Uroki stress-testa. Vuzy Rossii v uslovijah pandemii i posle nee: Doklad predstavitelej rektorskogo soobshhestva na zasedanijah Obshhestvennogo soveta pr Ministerstve nauki i vysshego obrazovanija RF 3 ijulja 2020 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1GMcBIoP8ITzE_WDVh4nFksX6lceotZY3/view – Tekst jelektronnyj.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Skobeleva O. O., Dvoreckaya E. A.
Professional training of prison staff in foreign countries
This article is devoted to the professional and pedagogical competence of penal officers. The improvement of the penitentiary system requires the employees to be ready for changes in the system, to be able to predict the results of their activities, because the employee is the guarantor of the solution of the tasks set for the effective correction of convicts. The study of penitentiary systems in foreign countries has identified the specifics of professional training of staff, studied the structures of correctional systems in a number of countries, and identified areas of international cooperation between Russia and other countries.
Keywords: prison staff, penal officer, professional training.
Work bibliographic list
1. Varushkin A. Organizacija obuchenija sotrudnikov penitenciarnoj sistemy Finljandii // Vedomosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. – 2007. – # 12.– S. 34-36.
2. Omigov V. I. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo Rossii po ispolneniju ugolovnyh nakazanij // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. – 2010. – # 3 (9). – S. 201-205.
3. Timofeeva E.A. K voprosu ob osobennostjah podgotovki sotrudnikov penitenciarnoj sistemy SShA// Vektor nauki Tol'jattinskogo gosudarstvennogo un-ta. – 2013. – # 2 (24). – S. 427-430.
4. Jurkovskij A.V. Nakazanija i ispravitel'nye uchrezhdenija v Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respublike //Jenciklopedija penitenciarnogo prava. – Samara.– 2013. – S. 370-371.
 
PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW
Matveev A. E.
Infantilism as a social and psychological phenomenon of a modern personalit
The article examines infantilism, which is a complex phenomenon traditionally studied in various fields of science. The author examines this phenomenon from the point of view of psychological, psychoanalytic and sociological approaches, and also analyzes the causes and factors of infantilization.
Keywords: infantilism, infantilization, conformity, emotional-volitional sphere
Work bibliographic list
1. Demidenko A.S. Social'naja infantil'nost' rossijskoj molodezhi: specifika nauchnogo diskursa// ISOM. – 2018. – # 3-1. – S. 144-149.
2. Issledovanie: «Bolee chetverti molodyh ljudej v Rossii zhivet s roditeljami», 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/obschestvo/10441495.
3. Efimova G.Z. Social'nyj infantilizm studencheskoj molodezhi kak faktor protivodejstvija modernizacii sovremennogo rossijskogo obshhestva // Internet-zhurnal Naukovedenie. – 2014. –# 6 (25). – S. 9.
4. Mikljaeva A.V. Fenomen «zrelost' lichnosti - infantilizm lichnosti» cherez prizmu metodologii social'nogo konstrukcionizma // V sbornike: Gumanitarnye osnovanija social'nogo progressa:Rossija i sovremennost'. Sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. –M., 2016. – S. 21-26
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Khaliulina A. I.
Social adaptation of young people in a market economy (according to the ethnosociological survey in Bashkortostan)
The object of scientific study was the socio-adaptive behavior of young people of different nationalities in multi-ethnic Bashkortostan.
Special attention is paid to the mechanism of adaptation of this social category to the system of market relations, the ability to quickly integrate into it. On the basis of ethnosociological research, the author has made an attempt to reveal the modern professional and labor skills of young people and their ability to adapt to the new realities of the economic system.
Keywords: youth, social adaptation, Bashkortostan, sociological survey, language communication, skills, market relations, social well-being.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Abushaev A. N. Social'naja adaptacija molodezhi v uslovijah sovremennogo sociuma // Aktual'nye problemy i dostizhenija v obshhestvennyh naukah. Sb.nauch. trudov. – Saransk, 2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://izron.ru/articles/aktualnyeproblemy-
i-dostizheniya-v-obshchestvennykhnaukakh-sbornik-nauchnykh-trudov-po-itogam-mezh/sektsiya-26-sotsialnaya-filosofiya-spetsialnost-09-00-11/sotsialnaya-adaptatsiya-molodezhi-v-usloviyakhsovremennogo-sotsiuma.
2. Alekseenko S. S., Safin F. G., Haliulina A. I. Dinamika jetnosocial'noj struktury i social'nogo samochuvstvija naselenija v polijetnichnom regione (na primere Respubliki Bashkortostan) // Nauchnyj dialog.- 2017. - # 11. - S. 438-449.
3. Gjuldzhjan A. G. Problemy social'noj adaptacii molodezhi // Molodoj uchenyj. - 2018. - # 29. - S. 136-138. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://moluch.ru/archive/215/48423.
4. Zinchenko V. P., Meshherjakova B. G. Adaptacija social'naja / Psihologicheskij slovar'. 2-e izd., pererab. I dop. - M.: Pedagogika-Press, 1999. - 440 s.
5. Znaneckij F. Ishodnye dannye sociologii // Amerikanskaja sociologicheskaja mysl'. - M., 1996.
6. Kuznecov P. S. Koncepcija social'noj adaptacii. –Saratov: SGU, 2000. - 257 s.
7. Malikova N. R. Jetnosociologicheskij diskurs kross-kul'turnogo issledovanija potenciala «social'nogo kapitala» studencheskoj molodezhi // Pozitivnyj opyt regulirovanija jetnosocial'nyh i jetnokul'turnyh processov v regionah Rossijskoj Federacii:Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Kazan', 25–27 sentjabrja 2014 g. / Otv. red. G.F. Gabdrahmanova. - Kazan': Institut istorii im. Sh.Mardzhani AN RT, 2014. - S. 171-175.
8. Obrazovatel'nye centry pomoshhi studentam. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ufa.zoon.ru/education/type/tsentry_pomoschi_studentam.
9. Oficial'nyj sajt «WorldSkillsRussia». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://worldskills.ru/onas/dvizhenie-worldskills.
10. Regional'nyj centr sodejstvija trudoustrojstvu vypusknikov (RCSTV BashGU) Oficial'naja stranica. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://vk.com/cstv.bashedu.
11. Sociologicheskij spravochnik / Pod red. V. I. Volovicha. - Kiev, 1990. - 382 s.
12. Social'no-psihologicheskie centry. Gorodskoj portal, Ufa. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://gorodskoyportal.ru/ufa/news/news/34718745.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Altukhov A. V., Buynevich A. V., Kashkin S. Yu.
Platforms, economics, law and biotechnology
The article discusses the biotechnology development based on modern economic platform models, including related problems of platform law, artificial intelligence and distance medicine.
It shows the importance of biotechnology, its relationships with digital platforms and modern technologies in general; the relationships are considered from economic and legal points of view.
The problem of standardization in biology is disclosed in detail, using examples from real practice.
Further, the problems of the Internet of Things for medical purposes and distance medicine are
analyzed in no less detail. The need to develop the study of platform law and artificial intelligence in the field of medical biotechnology has been substantiated. Conclusions are made about the prospects of platform biotechnology in general.
Keywords: biotechnology, medicine, platforms, platform law, technology, artificial intelligence,
digital economy.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Altuhov A.V., Ershova I.V., Kashkin S.Ju., Tishhenko S.A. Platformennoe pravo, kak drajver razvitija innovacij // Predprinimatel'skoe pravo.– 2020. – # 4. – S. 17-24.
2. Biojekonomika v Rossii: perspektivy razvitija. Monografija / pod red. S.N. Bobyleva, P.A. Kirjushina,O.V. Kudrjavcevoj. – M.: Prospekt, 2017. – 176 s.
3. Mazhorina M.V. Pravo setevogo obshhestva i problema upravlenija gibridnost'ju // Lex Russica. – 2020.– # 9 (166). – S. 108-118.
4. Mazhorina M.V. Cifrovye platformy i mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo, ili est' li budushhee u kiber-prava? // Lex Russica. – 2019. – # 2 (147). – S. 107-120.
5. Per'kova V.A. Sovershenstvovanie pravovogo obespechenija nacional'noj innovacionnoj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2016. – # 6. – S. 74-81.
6. Birch K. Knowledge, place, and power: geographies of value in the bioeconomy // New Genetics and Society. –2012. – Vol. 31. – # 2. – P. 183-201.
7. Kenney M., Zysman J. The Rise of the Platform Economy// Issues in Science and Technology. – 2019. –Vol. 32. –# 3. – P. 61-69.
8. Saha H.N., Auddy S., Pal S. at al. Internet of Things (IoT) on bio-technology // 2017 8th Annual Industrial Automation and Electromechanical Engineering Conference (IEMECON). – 2017.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Vasiljeva Yu. P., Nemkova M. A.
Poverty problem in OPEC member countries
The article examines issues related to the problems of poverty in the countries that are members of OPEC. Analyzed the economic indicators that allow assessing the level of poverty in the member countries of the organization. The problems aimed at developing a common OPEC oil production policy, coordinated activities and maintaining oil prices at the world level, as well as the implementation of sustainable oil supplies to consumers are presented.
Keywords: oil, international organization, exporting countries, export, production, poverty, economic indicators.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sejful'muljukov, I.A. Strany OPEK v razvivajushhemsja mire. - M: Filin"., 2017.
2. Oficial'nyj sajt OPEK. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.opec.org.
3. Oil Market Report [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.petros.ru/rus/worldmarketoil/.
4. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.tradingeconomics.com/country-list/unemployment-rate.
5. Organizacija stran – jeksporterov nefti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organizacija_stran_‑_jeksporterov_nefti.
6. Vasil'eva Ju.P. Jekonomika stran jeksportjorov nefti (OPEK) // Jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal «Neftegazovoe delo». – 2012. - # 6. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ogbus.ru/files/ogbus/authors/VasilyevaJP/VasilyevaJP_1.pdf.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Gordienko V. V.
Effective anti-corruption policy is the basis of economic security
The aim of the study is to analyze the real state of affairs in the Russian economy (financial capital flight abroad, low investment attractiveness, differentiation of society by property, growth of economic crimes, food security, high level of corruption).
The author proposes a set of measures aimed at counteracting one of the main threats to Russia’s economic security, corruption activities. He points out the need to develop a unified anti-corruption program based on modernized legislation that takes into account the constantly changing situation in the country and in the world, and is able to influence the scale of corruption. Obligatory conditions for the implementation of the new anti-corruption policy are: broad international cooperation and mutual assistance; active advocacy and educational activities; “culture of transparency” and the assistance of independent media.
Keywords: national security, economic security, threats to economic security, corruption, anti-corruption.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gordienko V. V. Jekonomika: ucheb. - Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2020. - S. 311–316.
2. Gordienko V. V., Mogutin R. I., Kajrgaliev D. V. Problemnye voprosy postroenija gosudarstva s social'no orientirovannoj jekonomikoj // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2017. - # 8 (111). - S. 331-332.
3. Gordienko V. V., Mogutin R. I., Kajrgaliev D. V. Jekonomicheskaja politika gosudarstva i teorija obshhestvennogo vybora // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - # 8 (123). - S. 375-377.
4. Gordienko V. V. Osobennosti povedenija jekonomicheskih agentov kak prichina vozniknovenija tenevyh jekonomicheskih otnoshenij // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2010. - # 3 (14). - S. 123-130.
5. Latov Ju. V. Korrupcija v sisteme ugroz nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossii // Aktual'nye problemy jekonomiki i prava. - 2015. - # 1 (33). - S. 47-53.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Grigoryan V. S., Davydova G. V.
Hard-to-recover oil reserves in Russia as a factor of economic security of the oil and gas industry and the country
The article examines the state of the country’s oil-extracting industry by the factor of hard-torecover oil reserves. Their shares in the generally explored reserves of Russia, their shares in the world hard-to-recover reserves, and the influence of the share of hard-to-recover reserves on the economic security of the industry. It also considers the fact that under the current circumstances, through the imposition of sanctions by the countries producing oil-producing equipment, the economic security of Russia is deliberately influenced. Accordingly, strengthening the economic security of the oil industry is a priority task for strengthening the economic security of the country.
Keywords: economic security, oil and gas complex, industry, hard-to-recover reserves, sanctions, oil, oil reserves.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sibirskaja neft'. 2018. # 149. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.gazprom-neft.ru/press-center/sibneft-online/archive/697/1489610/ (data obrashhenija: 10.05.2021).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Durnovo-Saulep M. V., Suetin S. N.
Financial institutions in Russia
The article is devoted to the study of theoretical and practical aspects of the functioning of financial institutions in Russia. In the course of the research, a separate emphasis is placed on the role and functions of financial institutions in the system of economic relations. The composition and specific structure of financial institutions in Russia, sources of formation of their resources and management features are also considered. A special emphasis is made on the results of the work of a responsible banking system and its effectiveness. In addition, the reasons and ways of overcoming the deficit of financial resources in Russia are outlined.
Keywords: financial institutions, banking system, deficit, off-budget funds, income, regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belikov T. Minnye polja proektnogo finansirovanija. Posobie po vyzhivaniju dlja kreditnyh rabotnikov i investorov. - M.: Al'pina publishers, 2009.- 224 s
2. Gileva O. Innovacionnyj lift dlja Rossijskoj jekonomiki // Nezavisimaja gazeta. - 30.08.2011.
3. Nikonova I. A. Proektnyj analiz i proektnoe finansirovanie. - M.: Al'pina Pablisher, 2010.- 154 s.
4. Smirnov A. L., Putilin V. I. Osobennosti dejatel'nosti bankov razvitija na kreditnom i finansovom rynkah // Bankovskoe delo. - 2011. - # 4. - S. 29-32.
5. Smirnov A. L. Instituty razvitija i kommercheskie banki: shodstva i razlichija // Valjutnoe regulirovanie i valjutnyj kontrol'. - 2012. - # 1.
6. Teorija permanentnogo dohoda M. Fridmena. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://mirznanii.com/a/259610/teoriya-permanentnogo-dokhoda-mfridmena(data obrashhenija: 05.05.2021).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Korodyuk I. S., Rybinskaya E. T., Bergen D. N.
Thermal energy of the Irkutsk region and its negative impact on the environment
The article is devoted to the characteristics of the thermal energy of the Irkutsk region, its importance in the economy of the region and Russia. On the basis of official statistics, the positive and negative impact of the fuel industry on the environment and the population living in this territory will be determined. These factors determine the main task of economic entities-the greening of production.
Keywords: economy, thermal energy, ecology, environmental safety, negative impact on the environment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bedin B. M. Upravlenie jenergosberezheniem ob"ektov nedvizhimosti: ucheb. posob. - Irkutsk: BGU, 2020.
2. Kireenko A. P. Ispol'zovanie nalogovyh l'got v regulirovanii sostojanija okruzhajushhej sredy: zarubezhnyj opyt i perspektivy Rossii / A. P. Kireenko [i dr.] // Izvestija IGJeA (BGUJeiP). - 2014. - # 1. - S. 28.
3. Makarova G. N. Jenergeticheskie riski Rossii v HHI veke. - Irk.: BGU, 2016. - 226 s.
4. Rogov V. Ju. Institucional'nye aspekty jenergosberegajushhih investicij i tarifoobrazovanija v zhilishhno-kommunal'nom hozjajstve // Izvestija IGA (BGUJeiP). - 2014. - # 4.
5. Jakimova E. M. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo v bor'be s jekologicheskimi prestuplenijami / E. M. Jakimova [i dr.] // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - T. 12. - # 2.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Sabiryanova R. G., Bikmetova Z. M.,
Galimullina N. A., Samigullina A. F.
Methods of assessing competitiveness in order to ensure the economic security of the enterprise
The purpose of this article is to find optimal methods for assessing the competitiveness of an enterprise. At the present stage, there is a clash of interests of sellers in the struggle for profit in a competitive environment. It is competition that affects the performance of the enterprise, determines the priorities of development and the direction of the fight against competitors. A competitive enterprise is prosperous and able to withstand threats to economic security.
Keywords: methods of assessing the competitiveness of the enterprise, economic security, threats to economic security, reserves of competitiveness of the enterprise.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 26.07.2006 # 135-FZ (red. Ot 27.12.2019) «O zashhite konkurencii» // Konsul'tant-Pljus: spravochno-pravovaja sistema. [Jelektronnyj resurs] /. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_61763/ (data obrashhenija: 11.01.2021 g.).
2. Bikmetova Z.M. Razrabotka mehanizma obespechenija finansovoj bezopasnosti predprijatija // Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. 2018. # 2 (140). S. 65-71.
3. Grjaznova A.G., Judanov A.Ju. Mikrojekonomika. Prakticheskij podhod. M.: KnoRus., 2014. 688 s.
4. Ignat'eva O.N. Franchajzing: minimizacija potencial'nyh riskov sovremennogo biznesa // V sbornike: Regional'nye aspekty jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti Sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj molodezhnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj 100-letiju Respubliki Bashkortostan. Otvetstvennyj redaktor Ju.Ja. Rahmatullin. 2019. S.231-232.
5. Krivorotov V.V., Kalina A.V., Erypalov S.E. Konkurentosposobnost' predprijatij i proizvodstvennyh sistem: uchebnoe posobie. M.: Juniti, 2015. 351 s.
6. Magomedov Sh.Sh. Upravlenie tovarnym assortimentom i zapasami: uchebnik. M.: Dashkov i K°, 2019. 176 s.
7. Migachjov B.S. Konkurentosposobnost': uchebnoe posobie. M.: Akademija standartizacii, metrologii i sertifikacii, 2009. 65 s.
8. Sabir'janova R.G., Dautova T.A. Voprosy obespechenija importozameshhenija produkcii // V sbornike:Razvitie regionov i predprijatij v uslovijah globalizacii Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Otvetstvennyj redaktor Tatarkin A.I.. 2015. S. 97-101.
9. Samigullina A.F. Konkurentosposobnost' otechestvennogo proizvodstva // V sbornike: Tendencii razvitija jekonomicheskoj nauki na prostorah stran SNG i zarubezh'ja v XXI veke. 2014. S. 117-120.
10. Filosofova T.G., Bykov V.A. Konkurencija. Innovacii. Konkurentosposobnost': uchebnoe posobie. – 2-e izd., pere-rab. i dop. M.: Juniti, 2015. 295 s
11. Carev V.V., Kantarovich A.A., Chernysh V.V. Ocenka konkurentosposobnosti predprijatij (organizacij): Teorija i metodologija. M.: Juniti, 2015. 799 s.
12. Juldasheva O.N., Sizonenko Z.L., Galimullina N.A. Jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' regiona // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2016. # 4 (95). S. 358-360.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Tolikova E. E., Fomichev I. S., Gvozdev M. D.
The role of customs audit in the development of transport logistics and customs infrastructure
The article considers two strategically important areas for strengthening the economy of the Russian Federation – the development of transport logistics and customs infrastructure. The analysis of the impact of the COVID-2019 pandemic on the results of logistics activities in 2020 is carried out. The role of customs infrastructure facilities is shown in terms of such indicators as the speed of customs operations and the throughput capacity of checkpoints. A new tool of the customs service in ensuring the transport and economic security of the Russian Federation - customs audit - is considered. Recommendations on the improvement of customs infrastructure
facilities are proposed. It is concluded that the development of transport logistics and modern customs infrastructure create prerequisites for speeding up and simplifying customs formalities for goods transported across the customs border of the Eurasian Economic Union.
Keywords: customs infrastructure, customs audit, cargo turnover, logistics.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Prikaz FTS Rossii ot 05.04.2012 # 650 «Ob utverzhdenii edinyh vedomstvennyh metodicheskih ukazanij po raschetu zatrat na soderzhanie, obsluzhivanie i tekushhij remont ob"ektov tamozhennoj infrastruktury. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 23.05.2021).
2. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 23.05.2020 # 1388-r «Strategija razvitija tamozhennoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii do 2030 goda». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 23.05.2021).
3. Tamozhennyj kodeks Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza (prilozhenie # 1 k Dogovoru o Tamozhennom kodekse Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza).– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 23.05.2021).
4. «Plan meroprijatij na period 2021-2024 godov po realizacii Strategii razvitija tamozhennoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii do 2030 goda». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 23.05.2021).
5. Analiticheskie materialy logisticheskoj kompanii Ritejl. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.retail.ru (data obrashhenija: 23.05.2021).
6. Analiticheskij obzor sostojanija, dinamiki i tendencij razvitija tamozhennoj infrastruktury v mestah peremeshhenija tovarov cherez tamozhennuju granicu Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza za 2020 god. Oficial'nyj sajt Evrazijskoj jekonomicheskoj komissii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.eurasiancommission.org (data obrashhenija: 26.05.2021).
7. Osnovnye rezul'taty dejatel'nosti FTS Rossii v 2020 godu. Oficial'nyj sajt FTS Rossii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.customs.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 26.05.2021).
8. Prokof'eva T. A., Klimenko V. V. Regional'nye transportno-logisticheskie sistemy: strategicheskoe planirovanie i upravlenie funkcionirovaniem i razvitiem: Monografija / Pod obshhej redakciej d.je.n., professora T. A. Prokof'evoj. – M.:OAO «ITKOR», 2016. – 630 s.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Fomina E. A., Khodkovskaya Yu. V., Akhmetov E. A.
Stakeholder model in the context of strategic management of nature-intensive business
The paper considers the theoretical justification and the possibility of practical implementation of the stakeholder model of business management as a concept that claims to be the most complete embodiment of the idea of harmonizing the interests of various social strata in the process of economic development. It is shown that the modern cost concept of financial management (VBM) has significant limitations, which are most strongly manifested in the subsurface use and other nature-intensive business in the digital economy.
Keywords: stakeholder, management, nature-intensive business, model, effects, corporate responsibility, social policy.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Dzhoek-Koval'ska I., Ponomarenko T.V., Marinina O.A. Problemy vzaimodejstvija so stejkholderami pri realizacii dolgosrochnyh gornyh proektov // Zapiski Gornogo instituta. 2018. T. 232. S. 428-437.
2. Kajachev G.F., Loktionov D.A. Jevoljucija cennostnogo podhoda v upravlenii kompaniej // Liderstvo i menedzhment. 2019. Tom 6. # 4. S. 397-408.
3. Prognoz dolgosrochnogo social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2030 goda (razrabotan Minjekonomrazvitija Rossii).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_144190/ (data obrashhenija: 12.03.2021).
4. Ministerstvo prirodopol'zovanija i jekologii Respubliki Bashkortostan. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://ecology.bashkortostan.ru/presscenter/news/254813/ (data obrashhenija: 14.03.2021)
5. Muhametdinova A.R., Safarov A.M., Magasumova A.T., Hatmullina A.T. Ocenka vlijanija predprijatija neftehimicheskogo kompleksa na ob"ekty okruzhajushhej sredy // Georesursy. 2012. # 8 (50). S. 46-50.
6. Biosci. Biotech. Res. Asia, December 2015. Vol. 12 (3). P. 2619-2628. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.biotechasia.org/vol12no3/regulatory-aspectsof-mining-waste-management-in-the-russianfederation/(date of access 10.03.2021)
7. Freeman R. E., Martin K., Parmar B. Stakeholder Capitalism // Business Ethics Quarterly. 2007. Vol. 74. # 4. R. 303-314.
8. Freeman R.-E., Moutchnik A. Stakeholder management and CSR: questions and answers. In: Umwelt Wirtschafts Forum, Springer Verlag. 2013. Vol. 21.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: Nr. link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00550-013-0266-3 (data obrashhenija: 05.04.2021)
9. Manolov G., Orlova D. R., Khodkovskaya J. V. et al. A Smart specialization strategy for sustainable development of regions // V sbornike: E3S web of conferences. First conference on sustainable development: industrial future of territories (IFT2020). 2020. S. 08009.
10. Mitchell R.-K., Agle B.-R., Wood D.-J. Toward a theory of stakeholder identification and salience: defining the principle of who and what really counts // Academy of Management Review. 1997. Vol. 22. # 4. P. 853-886.
11. Nevskaya M.A., Marinina O.A. Regulatory Aspects of Mining Waste Management in the Russian Federation// Biosci. Biotech. Res. Asia, December 2015. Vol.
12 (3). P. 2619-2628. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.biotechasia.org/vol12no3/regulatory-aspects-of-mining-waste-management-inthe-russianfederation/ (date of access 10.03.2021).
12. Peskova D.R., Khodkovskaya Yu.V., Charikov V.S., Sharafutdinov R.B. Development of business environment of oil and gas companies in digital economy // V knige: GCPMED 2018 - International Scientific Conference “Global Challenges and Prospects of the Modern Economic Development”. 2019. S. 1205-1212.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Tolikova E. E., Chernyavskaya E. V.
New approaches in customs administration to foreign economic activity under restrictive measures
The article deals with topical issues of customs administration, in relation to the choice of measures of customs and tariff regulation. The theory of the issue of the emergence of barriers and restrictions in international markets is outlined. Statistics of restrictive measures in international commodity markets against Russian producers have been investigated. The terminology of «prohibitions and restrictions» and «measures to protect the domestic market» in accordance with the Customs Code of the EEU is given. The international classification of UNCTAD non-tariff measures is also presented. The graphic results of the analysis of the dynamics of restrictive measures (separately for non-tariff measures) operating in foreign markets in relation to Russian goods from 2014 to 2021 are presented. For the activities of the Federal Customs Service of Russia, the measures of the plan «Transformation of the business climate» aimed at improving the indicator «limit time for customs operations (export/import)» are described. It was concluded that there are promising directions for improving the conditions for doing business in the field of foreign trade in the conditions of restrictive measures.
Keywords: barriers, restrictions, exemptions, customs administration, business climate transformation.
Workbibliographiclist
1. «Tamozhennyj kodeks Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza» (red. ot 29.05.2019) (Prilozhenie #1 k Dogovoru o Tamozhennom kodekse Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija:
10.05.2021).
2. Dogovor o Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze (Podpisan v g. Astane 29.05.2014) (red. ot 01.10.2019). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 15.05.2021).
3. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 17.01.2019 # 20-r «Ob utverzhdenii plana «Transformacija delovogo klimata» i priznanii utrativshimi silu aktov Pravitel'stva RF». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 15.05.2021).
4. Egorova M.A., Hohlov E.Je. Sovremennye problemy analiza tovarnyh rynkov dlja celej antimonopol'nogo regulirovanija // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava.2021. Tom 16. # 1 (122). S. 111-119.
5. Oficial'nyj sajt FTS Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.customs.gov.ru
(data obrashhenija 15.05.2021).
6. Oficial'nyj sajt JuNKTAD. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.unctad.org (data obrashhenija: 10.05.2021)
7. Strategija razvitija tamozhennoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii do 2030 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru (data obrashhenija: 09.05.2021).
8. Tolikova E.Je., Chernjavskaja E.V. Ispol'zovanie metodik vyjavlenija bar'erov torgovo-jekonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva v ramkah tamozhennogo administrirovanija // Jekonomika i biznes: teorija i praktika. 2021. # 4-2 (74). S. 198-203.
9. Joe S. Bain «Barriers to New Competition», 1956.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Vityazeva A. A.
The green bond market in Russia: current state and prospects of development
The article deals with the analysis of the current state of the green bond market in Russia. Funds from the issue of green bonds are used to finance projects aimed at improving the condition or protecting the environment. The global green bond market is quite young: it started to develop in 2007, while in Russia the first green bond issue took place only in 2018. The purpose of the article is to characterize the state of the Russian green bond market at the current moment, identify obstacles to its further development and prospects. The paper concludes on the possible directions and trends in the development of green finance in Russia.
Keywords: green finance, green bonds, ESG, bond market, sustainable development, responsible investing.
Work bibliographic list
1. Budushhee rynka ustojchivogo finansirovanija v RF:banki formirujut rynok. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://raexpert.ru/researches/sus_dev/esg2021/.
2. V chem preimushhestva i slozhnosti otvetstvennogo finansirovanija v Rossii i chem tut mozhet pomoch' gosudarstvo. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vedomosti.ru/partner/
articles/2021/04/21/867045-zelenie-ambitsii.
3. Godovoj doklad «Zelenye finansy v Rossii-2020». Centr kompetencij i zelenoj jekspertizy NAK-DI. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://investinfra.ru/frontend/images/PDF/Zelenie_invecticii_2020_web.pdf.
4. Zelenye obligacii Moskvy priznany sootvetstvujushhimi rossijskim i mezhdunarodnym standartam zelenogo finansirovanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.mos.ru/news/item/90300073/
5. Zelenye finansy Rossii. Godovoj doklad-2020.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.ra-national.ru/sites/default/files/analitic_article/INFRAGREEN_Green_Finance_Russia_29122020.pdf.
6. Moskva razmestit pervyj transh «zelenyh» obligacij na 35 mlrd 27 maja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://quote.rbc.ru/news/article/6082c73f2ae5962e061eb87a.
7. O sozdanii na Moskovskoj Birzhe Sektora ustojchivogo razvitija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fs.moex.com/f/10958/info4.pdf.
8. Rubcov B. B. «Zelenye finansy»» v mire i Rossii:monografija. — M.: Rusajns, 2020. — 168 s.
9. Rynok «zelenyh» obligacij: mirovoj opyt i perspektivy dlja Rossii: monografija / Rubcov B. B., pod red., Andrianova L. N., Andreev A. P., Annenskaja N. E., Guseva I. A., Litovchenko A. A., Panova S.A., Simaeva E. P., Stroev P. V. — M.: KnoRus, 2021.— 223 s.
10. Sektor ustojchivogo razvitija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.moex.com/s3019.
11. Finansy: uchebnik dlja vuzov / T. P. Beljaeva [i dr.];pod redakciej N. G. Ivanovoj. — M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2021. — 449 s.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Grigoryan V. S., Davydova G. V.
Import dependence of the oil and gas industry on foreign technologies as a threat to the economic security of the industry and the country
The article examines the relationship between the economic security of the oil and gas industry
with the economic well-being of the country, its independence, by solving the issue of import
dependence of the oil and gas industry on foreign technologies. The Russian oil and gas industry
today is highly dependent on Western technical developments, which leads to manipulation by the equipment supplying countries. And since the oil and gas industry for Russia is one of the key ones, by this method Western countries limit the country’s economic growth by exerting a direct impact, by imposing sanctions on the necessary equipment. This ultimately leads to serious problems of the country’s economic security through the impact on the economic security of the oil and gas industry.
Keywords: economic security, oil and gas complex, sanctions, import dependence, industry, threats, risk.
Work bibliographic list
1. Importozameshhenie v neftegazovom komplekse Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://oilandgasforum.ru/data/files/Files %200315/Novak.pdf(data obrashhenija: 10.05.2021).
2. Nureev R. M. Jekonomicheskie sankcii protiv Rossii: kratkosrochnye i srednesrochnye posledstvija dlja neftjanoj i gazovoj promyshlennosti // Voprosy regulirovanija jekonomiki. – 2017. – T. 8. – # 3.– S. 6-21.
3. Ushakov D. N. Tolkovyj slovar' sovremennogo russkogo jazyka. – M.: Adelant, 2014. – 800 c.
4. Shmeleva N. V. Jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' predprijatija: uchebnoe posobie. – M.: Izdatel'skij Dom MISiS, 2016. – 54 c.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Garipova G. R., Usmanov R. R.
Formation of the territory image (on the example of the Republic of Bashkortostan)
The article examines the meaning of the term “image of the territory” and, using the example of the formation of the image of one republic - the Republic of Bashkortostan, shows its most significant constants. According to the authors, the formation and elevation of the region’s image
is not a spontaneous process, but a controlled and predictable process. With enough motivated leadership and the enthusiasm of public relations professionals, the region’s image can be raised
to the federal level and to the international recognition of individual regional brands. The article also indicates the factors that affect both directly and indirectly on the image of the territory, they include the improvement of territories, and the level of unemployment and the development of culture and art, etc.
Keywords: Image, image of the territory, brand, marketing, promotion of national brands, ethnic and religious diversity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ahmetova K. M. Imidzh territorii kak instrument turistskoj privlekatel'nosti Respubliki Bashkortostan // Vektor nauki Tol'jattinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija «Jekonomika i upravlenie». – 2019. – # 3 (38).
2. Vazhenina I. S., Vazhenin S. G. Imidzh, reputacija i brend territorii // JeKO. – 2008. – # 8 (410).
3. Muhametzjanova-Duggal R. M., Nadyrshin T. M. Religioznye simvoly v konstruirovanii pozitivnogo imidzha Bashkortostana // Jekonomika i upravlenie:nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. – 2016. – # 6 (134).
4. Sevrjukova M. S. K voprosu o sushhnosti territorial'nogo imidzha // Novyj universitet. Serija «Jekonomika i pravo». – 2011. – # 10.
5. Shevchenko D. A. Marketing imidzha territorii //Sistemnye tehnologii. – 2018. – # 28.
6. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://02.mvd.rf/slujba/itogi-dejatelnosti/itogi-dejatel'nosti-m v d - p o s d f e 4 - g . / i t o g i - d e ja t e l ' n o s t i - m v d -poq43v53464 (data obrashhenija: 7.05.2021).
7. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://biznestur.bashkortostan.ru/documents/plans/171071/(data obrashhenija: 7.05.2021).
8. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://culture.bashkortostan.ru/documents/projects/75844/(data obrashhenija: 7.05.2021).
9. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://house.bashkortostan.ru/activity/14535/ (data obrashhenija: 7.05.2021).
10. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mintrud.bashkortostan.ru/documents/active/330161/(data obrashhenija: 7.05.2021).
11. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mintrud.bashkortostan.ru/presscenter/news/343948/(data obrashhenija: 7.05.2021).
12. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://terrabashkiria.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 7.05.2021).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Khodkovskaya Yu. V., Fomina E. A.,
Lavrentjeva K. D., Sultanova E. I.
Social welfare in the stakeholder model
The problem of harmonizing the interests of all participants in economic activity-stakeholders is relevant in connection with the emphasis of national policies on the interests of society as a whole, on the social significance of the business environment, and the antisocial effects of business. The provision and distribution of social benefits is becoming a key aspect of modern economies, including Russia. Therefore, this article explores the social good in the stakeholder model. The study defines the criteria for social welfare, and makes recommendations for the adaptation of foreign stakeholder models to the practice of Russian entrepreneurship.
Keywords: stockholder, society, public value, good, entrepreneurship, state government, national interests.
Work bibliographic list
1. Hodkovskaja Ju. V., Tolmacheva K. V. Instrumenty stimulirovanija innovacionnyh napravlenij social'nogo predprinimatel'stva v sfere sporta. //Sibirskaja finansovaja shkola. - 2020. - # 4 (140). - S.36-40.
2. Figge F., Schaltegger S. What Is Stakeholder Value? Developing a Catchphrase into Benchmarking Tool. Luneburg: University of Luneburg and UNEP, 2000.
3. Manolov G., Orlova D. R., Khodkovskaya J. V. et al. A Smart specialization strategy for sustainable development of regions. V sbornike: E3S WEB OF CONFERENCES. FIRST CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: INDUSTRIAL FUTURE OF TERRITORIES (IFT2020). 2020. S. 08009.
4. Meynhardt T (2008) Public Value: Oder was heißt Wertschöpfung zum Gemeinwohl? der moderne staat- Zeitschrift für Public Policy. Recht und Management 1:457-468.
5. Mitchell R.-K., Agle B.-R., Wood D.-J. Toward a theory of stakeholder identification and salience: defining the principle of who and what really counts // Academy of Management Review. - 1997. - Vol. 22. - # 4. - P. 853- 886.
6. Peskova D. R., Khodkovskaya Yu. V., Charikov V.S., Sharafutdinov R. B. Development of business environment of oil and gas companies in digital economy. V knige: GCPMED 2018 – International Scientific Conference “Global Challenges and Prospects of the Modern Economic Development”. - 2019. - S.1205-1212.
7. Ramírez C., Tarziján J. Stakeholder value appropriation: The case of labor in the worldwide mining industry //Strategic Management Journal. - 2018. - Vol. 39 (5). - P. 1496-1525.
8. Stakeholder Value-Linked Sustainability Assessment: Evaluating Remedial Alternatives for the Portland Harbor Superfund Site, Portland, Oregon, USA / S. E. Apitz, A. G. Fitzpatrick, A. McNally, et al. // Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. - 2017. -Vol. 14. - # 1. - P. 43-62.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Chizhov S. A., Suyts V. P.
Information management capabilities and Big Data implementation strategy
The development of Big Data implementation strategies is increasingly capturing the interest of commercial organizations. At the same time, it is important to understand that the benefits and omissions in obtaining these solutions are heterogeneous for companies that generate competitive advantages in the market of strategic resources. Information management capabilities provide a unique insight into successful Big Data implementation strategies. This paper analyzes the possibilities of information management as an advantage in the market of strategic Big Data resources. The hypotheses were tested using surveys of 123 respondents, which in turn were analyzed using structural equation modeling by the method of partial least squares. The result shows the positive impact of information management capabilities on benefit expectations and reflects the negative effect on cost expectations. The expectation of costs is inversely proportional to the intention to buy or develop tools for implementing Big Data strategies. The expectation of benefits has a positive effect on each of these goals.
Keywords: Big data, information management, the market of strategic factors, the expectation of benefits, the expectation of costs.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agarwal R., Dhar, V. Editorial-Big Data, data science, and analytics: The opportunity and challenge for IS research // Information Systems Research. – 2014. – Vol.25, # 3. – P. 443-448.
2. Barney J. Strategic factor markets: Expectations, luck, and business strategy // Management Science – 1986. –Vol. 32, # 10. – P. 1231-1241.
3. Carmichael F., Palacios-Marques D., Gil-Pechuan I. How to create information management capabilities through web 2.0. // The Service Industries. – 2011. – Vol.31, # 10. – P. 1613-1625.
4. Chin W. W. The partial least squares approach for structural equation modeling. In G. A. Marcoulides(Ed.) // Modern methods for business research. – 1998.– P. 295-236.
5. Cordella A. Transaction costs and information systems:Does IT add up? // Journal of Information Technology.– 2006. – Vol. 21, # 3. – P. 195-202.
6. Davenport T. H. Big Data at work: Dispelling the myths, uncovering the opportunities. – Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing, 2014. – 240 p.
7. Davenport T. H., Barth P., Bean R. How “Big Data” is different // Sloan Management Review. – 2012. – Vol. 54, # 1. – P. 21-24.
8. Davenport T. H., Bean R. Data and innovation: How Big Data and AI are driving business innovation // New Vantage Partners LLC. – 2018. – 18 p.
9. Development of a model for identifying highriskoperations for aml/cft purposes / P. Ju. Leonov, V. P. Sujc, O. S. Koteljanec, N. V. Ivanov // Big Data Innovations and Applications. 5th International Conference, Innovate-Data 2019, Istanbul, Turkey, August 26–28, 2019.
10. Faul F., Erdfelder E., Buchner A., Lang A. G. Statistical power analyses using G* Power 3.1: Tests for correlation and regression analyses // Behavior Research Methods.– 2009. – Vol. 41, # 4. – P. 1149-1160.
11. Hair Jr J. F., Hult G. T. M., Ringle C., Sarstedt M. A primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) // Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. – 2016. – 390 p.
12. Kwon O., Lee N., Shin B. Data quality management, data usage experience and acquisition intention of big data analytics // International Journal of Information Management. – 2014. – Vol.34, # 3. – P. 387-394.
13. Lakoju M., Serrano A. Framework for aligning Big- Data strategy with organizational goals // Proceedings of Twenty-third Americas Conference on Information Systems. – 2017. – 10 p.
14. Maçada A. C., Brinkhues R., Freitas Junior J. C. Capacidade de gestão da informação e implementação de estratégia de big data // RAE eletrônica. – 2019. – Vol.59, # 6. – P. 379-388.
15. McAfee A., Brynjolfsson E. Big Data: The management revolution // MIT Sloan Management Review. – 2012. –Vol. 90, # 10. – P. 61–68.
16. Mithas S., Ramasubbu N., Sambamurthy V. How information management capability influences firm performance // MIS Quarterly. – 2011. – Vol. 35, # 1.– P. 237-256.
17. Mohanty S., Jagadeesh M., Srivatsa H. The new information management paradigm // Big Data Imperatives. – 2013. – P. 25-44.
18. Phadtare M. Strategic management: Concepts and cases. – New Delhi, India: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., 2011.– 292 p.
19. Ringle C. M., Silva D., Bido D. de S. Modelagem de equações estruturais com utilização do smartpls //Revista Brasileira de Marketing. – 2014. – Vol. 13, # 2.– P. 56-73.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Tompazos Christos, Suetin S. N.
International banking and international banks in Russia
The article discusses issues related to the organization and implementation of international banking in Russia, as well as the specifics of the work of international financial institutions. Special attention is paid to the theoretical aspects of the provision of banking services in the transnational dimension. The constituent elements of international banking, the list of products and services provided to clients are also highlighted. Special emphasis in the research process is made on the strategy of international banks in Russia, their types and content. In addition, the influence of international banks on the economic system of the Russian Federation is indicated.
Keywords: international bank, strategy, economics, services, branch.
Work bibliographic list
1. Balashev N. B., Kulahszjan A. A. Problemy funkcionirovanija inostrannyh bankov v Rossijskoj Federacii // Koncept. - 2020. - # 6. - S. 14-21.
2. Zhukova L. M. Banki i bankovskie operacii. - M.:Juniti, 2014.
3. Markova O. M. Kommercheskie banki i ih operacii.– M.: Bankiibirzhi, 2019.
4. Bush, Georgia Macroprudential policy and the inward transmission of monetary policy: The case of Chile, Mexico, and Russia // Review of international economics. - 2021. - Volume 29. - Issue 1. - P. 37-60.
5. International organizations in global social governance / edited by Kerstin Martens, Dennis Niemann, AlexandraKaasch. - Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2021. - 326 r.
6. Seabrooke Leonard; Tsingou Eleni Revolving doors in international financial governance // Global networks: a journal of transnational affairs. - 2021. - Volume 21. -Number 2. - P. 294-319.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Resnyanskaya E. A.
Strategy for the implementation of key performance indicators (KPI) in the field of international logistics and customs clearance
The article contains a systematic analysis of problems and digital capabilities of the quality system of international logistics and customs support. It is shown how it is possible and better to use (systemically) key performance indicators from the point of view of integrating evolutionary approaches and requirements (legal, economic, technological, etc.). The traditional approach of analyzing statistical deviations of quantitative values of indicators is complemented by indicators of quality assessment.
Keywords: quality control, performance indicators, international logistics, customs representative.
Work bibliographic list
1. Demichev A. A. Osnovy tamozhennogo dela: uchebnik.-M.: Intermedia, 2015. - 340 s.
2. Nauka i obrazovanie v uslovijah stanovlenija innovacionnoj jekonomiki: sb. materialov Mezhdun. nauch.-prakt. konf. Tom I / Pod red. prof. S. N. Gamidullaeva. - SPb.: RIO S-Peterburgskogo filiala Rossijskoj tamozhennoj akademii, 2019. - 296 s.
3. Novyj TK EAJeS kak jeffektivnyj instrument gosudarstvennogo regulirovanija vneshnej torgovli //Regional'naja jekonomika i upravlenie. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eee-region.ru/article/4946/ (data obrashhenija: 11.05.2021).
4. Ol've N., Roj Zh., Veter M. Ocenka jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti kompanij. Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po ispol'zovaniju sbalansirovannoj sistemy pokazatelej (per. s angl.). - M.: Vil'jams, 2012. - 304 s.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Novikov I. A.
Technology as a driver of economic growth in the context of the fourth industrial revolution and the Covid-2019
Modern pandemic-following economic and political reality became an extremely heavy challenge for global economy. Pre-crisis global and each-and-every-country economy growth rates restoration tend to be of the first importance especially in conditions of closed boarders, many companies’ lockdown and ubiquitous stagnation. Continuing fourth industrial revolution makes the technological development impact on main economic growth factors estimation together with overevaluation of advanced technology implementation as a key to economic breakthrough critically salient. The article is devoted to this questions review.
Keywords: technology, fourth industrial revolution, economic growth factors, pandemia.
Workbibliographiclist
1. V OON podschitali poteri rabochego vremeni iz-za pandemii. — Tekst: jelektronnyj // TASS: [sajt]. —[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/ekonomika/10539553 (data obrashhenija: 28.05.2021).
2. Kolganov G. Kak pandemija pomogaet vnedrit' IT-tehnologii v rabotu proizvodstv v Moskve? — Tekst:jelektronnyj // Kommersant: [sajt]. — [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4440484 (data obrashhenija: 22.05.2021).
3. Novikov I.A. Prioritetnye napravlenija cifrovizacii jekonomiki Rossii // Samoupravlenie. –2019. – T. 2. # 1 (114). – S. 108-110.
4. Sokolova E.S. Ocenka kachestva informacii pri raschete stoimosti kompanij // monografija / Ministerstvo obrazovanija i nauki Rossijskoj Federacii, Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet jekonomiki, statistiki i informatiki (MJeSI). –M., 2010.
5. COVID-19 i realizacija celej v oblasti ustojchivogo razvitija. — Tekst: jelektronnyj // OON:[sajt]. — [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.un.org/ru/coronavirus/un-working-fightcovid-19-and-achieve-global-goals (data obrashhenija:01.06.2021).
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Barinova S. G., Barinova S. G.
Religious symbols of Christianity
This article examines the most important religious symbols of Christianity. The sculptural or relief image of the Crucifixion of Christ- the cross - is the main symbol of the Christian religion. The first crucifixes appear in the 5th-6th centuries. The desire to express lofty Christian ideas in the cross “became the innermost task” of Christian art.
Keywords: cross, Christianity, baptism, God, monastery, prayer, Russia, church art, spiritual value.
Work bibliographic list
1. Barinova S. G. Genezis social'no-filosofskih koncepcij vlasti // Vestnik KrasGAU. – 2012. – # 5 (68).– S. 477-480.
2. Dal' V. I. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka: sovremennaja versija. – M.: Jeksmo, 2009. – 736 s.
3. Ioann Damaskin. Citata «O Kreste». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://svyatye.com/citata/Ioann-Damaskin-O-Kreste/29989.html.
4. Nastol'naja kniga svjashhennosluzhitelja. – M.: Izdanie Moskovskoj patriarhii, 1988. – T. 6. – 880 s.
5. Samoderzhavie duha. Ocherki russkogo samosoznanija /red. E. I. Dushenova. – SPb.: Izd-vo «Carskoe delo», 1995. – 350 s.
6. Svjatootecheskie nastavlenija o molitve i trezvenii ili vnimanii v serdce k Bogu i istolkovanie molitvy Gospodnej slovami svjatyh otcov. – M.: Izd-vo «Ripol klassik», 2008. – 448 s.
7. Shmonin D. V. Mudrost' filosofa i hristianskaja ideja obrazovanija // Vestnik Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. A. S. Pushkina. – 2019. – #3. – S. 7-17.
8. Shmonin D. V. Filosofija, teologija i cennostno-smyslovaja sfera v obrazovanii // Vestnik Russkoj hristianskoj gumanitarnoj akademii. – 2015. – T. 16.– # 4. – S. 206-221.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Bondarenko O. V., Chuksina V. V.
The specifics of the subject’s design
and constructive activity in the information approach to the cognition of reality
Modern achievements of the theory of knowledge (the discovery of the phenomenological nature, the unity of the existential and reflexive levels of consciousness, the mediationship of perception by sign and object representations, etc.) allow us to identify the leading role of the subject in the process of obtaining information. It is shown that information is closely related to the constructive activity of the subject of scientific knowledge.
It is concluded that the concept of “information” as a fractal (not in the mathematical sense), i.e. as a property not of the objects themselves, but a property that allows us to understand and comprehend the nature of objects, provides a real opportunity to detail the process of cognition and determine the methodological essence of the information approach. The informational approach to the knowledge of natural phenomena shows the features of the methodology of humanitarian research.
Keywords: subject, design and constructive activity, scientific knowledge, information, information approach, methodology.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Barebina N. S., Kostjushkina G. M., Chzhijun Fan Vektory argumentativnoj orientacii v izuchenii dinamiki jazykovyh aspektov politicheskogo mediadiskursa // Izvestija Bajkal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2021. – T. 31. # 1. – S. 98-102.
2. Blauberg I. V., Judin Je. G. Stanovlenie i sushhnost' sistemnogo podhoda. – M.: Nauka, 1973. – 186 s.
3. Vertgejmer M. Produktivnoe myshlenie: Per. s angl./ Obshh. red. S. F. Gorbova i V. P. Zinchenko. Vstup. st. V.P. Zinchenko. – M.: Progress, 1987. – 336 s.
4. Prihod'ko T. V. K voprosu o «publichnom pravoporjadke» // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021.– # 1 (152). – S. 131-132.
5. Popper K. Predpolozhenija i oproverzhenija. Rost nauchnogo znanija. – Perevod s anglijskogo: A. L. Nikiforov, G. A. Novichkova. – M.: Centr gumanitarnyh tehnologij. – 2004. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://gtmarket.ru/library/basis/4711(data obrashhenija: 30.04.2021).
6. Protasevich A. A. O vozmozhnostjah kriminalisticheskoj gabitoskopii pri realizacii mer protivodejstvija sovremennoj kiberprestupnosti // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – T. 14. – # 3. – S. 471-480.
7. Jakimova E. M. K voprosu o fundamental'nosti predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti kak nauchnoj kategorii // Baikal Research Journal. – 2018. – T. 9.– # 1. – S. 1.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Galimov B. S., Lukyanov A. V., Shergeng N. A.
Transcendental dialectic in the light of the idea of forming a mosaic philosophy
Mosaic philosophy makes it difficult to find a term that corresponds to its concept. However, transcendental dialectic constantly refers to the “prototypes” of the things themselves, and not only is the “key” to the possible experience, what are the categories, the very “universals” of culture. However, at present, though “ideas” are becoming the domain of reason, nevertheless, the mind itself is gradually losing its original heritage and turning to the power of memories of beautiful and never lost their meaning moral and historical moments.
Although the mind loses its old, faded ideas, it nevertheless looms the meaning of a new, synthetic, or “mosaic” philosophy that thinks the subject better than it does himself. The authors of this work substantiate the idea that our cognitive ability feels the need for dialectic, which is carried into the realm of knowledge so far that only immersion in the foundations of spiritual experience, which, in principle, is mosaic, leads to a reality that is not associated with exaggerations. At the same time, the sublime language itself allows for a more calm and more appropriate to the nature of things than “chimeras.”
Keywords: transcendental dialectic, mosaic philosophy, universal culture, human mind, idea of synthetic philosophy, dialectic, foundations of spiritual experience, existing philosophical schools.
Work bibliographic list
1. Reale D., Antiseri D. Zapadnaja filosofija ot istokov do nashih dnej. Tom 4. Ot romantizma do nashih dnej. – Sankt-Peterburg: TOO TK «Petropolis», 1997.– 880 s.
2. Frolov I. T. O cheloveke i gumanizme: Raboty raznyh let. – M.: Politizdat, 1989. – 559 s.
3. Marx K., Engels F. Werke. Bd. 3. – Dietz Verlag Berlin, 1973.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Valiakhmetov T. R., Imamova R. M., Mazhitov I. M.
Features of the ontological truth of man in European and Arab-Muslim philosophy
In the article authors designate a comparative analysis of the conception of the ontological truth of man in medieval European and Arab-Muslim philosophy within the framework of the logical-semantic approach. The article deals with the features of substantivelyoriented and process-oriented logic and their influence on the definition of the ontological truth of man in European and Arab-Muslim philosophy.
Keywords: ontological truth, man, Medieval European philosophy, Arab-Muslim philosophy, logical-semantic approach.
Work bibliographic list
1. Al'-Dzhanabi, Majsem Muhammed. Teologija i filosofija al-Gazali: [trudy]. - M., 2010.
2. Antologija mirovoj filosofii: V 4 t. - M.: Mysl',1969-1972.
3. Ibn Sina. O dushe // Ibn Sina Avicenna. Izbrannye filosofskie proizvedenija / Primakov E. M. - M., 1980.
4. Magomedov K. M. O stepeni bogoobraznosti i bogopodobija cheloveka v racional'noj teologii // Islamovedenie. - 2014. - # 4.
5. Muzykina E. V. Koncepcija cheloveka v islamskoj antropologii // Islamovedenie. - 2017. - # 1.
6. Ovchinnikov N. F. Parmenid – chudo antichnoj mysli i neprehodjashhaja ideja invariantov // Voprosy filosofii. - 2003. - # 5.
7. Smirnov A. V. Soznanie. Logika. Jazyk. Kul'tura. Smysl. - M., 2015.
8. Florenskij P. A. Lichnost' Sokrata i lico Sokrata //Voprosy filosofii. - 2003. - # 8
9. Haziev V. S. Istiny bytija i poznanija: izbrannye sochinenija. - Ufa, 2007.
10. Haziev V. S. Rosa istiny: monografija. - Ufa, 2012.
11. Hazieva N. V. Kategorija «ideal'noe» v opredelenii ontologicheskoj istinnosti vlasti / Istiny chelovecheskogo bytija: sbornik statej. - Ufa, 2007.
12. Shilov E. Uchenie Fomy Akvinskogo o dushe: starye problemy, novye reshenija. Predposylki «Tomistskogo sinteza» // Vestnik PSTGU. Serija 1: Bogoslovie. Filosofija. - 2012. - # 44 (6).
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Mukhtyarova N. Kh.
Modern Russian civil society: conditions of formation in philosophical discourse
The article concerns the philosophical phenomenon of civil society. In the context of philosophical discourse, the theoretical aspects of the phenomenon of civil society, the genesis of the relationship between society and the state, the philosophical trends of statism, antietatism,
the opinions of leading scientists – philosophers, the periodization of the formation of civil society in Russia are considered. In the conclusion, the results of sociological surveys are presented. The results of sociological surveys are analyzed.
Keywords: civil society, state, statism, anti-etatism, the formation of civil society in Russia.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gegel' G. Filosofija prava. – M.: Mysl', 1990.
2. Gobbs T. Sochinenija. – M., 1988. – T. 1, 2.
3. Darendorf, R. Sovremennyj social'nyj konflikt. Ocherk politiki svobody: [per. s nem.]. –M., 2002.
4. Lokk Dzh. Sochinenija. – M., 1991.
5. Inozemceva E. A. Grazhdanskoe obshhestvo: osnovnye social'no-filosofskie idei // Vestnik VGTU. – 2012. – # 6. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/grazhdanskoe-obschestvo-osnovnye-sotsialnofilosofskie-idei (data obrashhenija: 07.06.2021).
6. Kirsanov A. Ju. Stanovlenie i istoricheskoe razvitie grazhdanskogo obshhestva // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2013. – # 2.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/stanovlenie-i-istoricheskoerazvitie-grazhdanskogo-obschestva (data obrashhenija: 07.06.2021).
7. Koltunova N. V. Formirovanie grazhdanskogo obshhestva v Rossii: social'no-filosofskij aspekt// Idei i idealy. – 2012. – # 2. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/formirovanie-grazhdanskogo-obschestva-vrossii-sotsialno-filosofskiy-aspekt-1 (data obrashhenija: 08.06.2021).
8. Kosharnaja, G. B. Grazhdanskoe obshhestvo kak faktor realizacii konsolidacionnyh processov rossijskogo obshhestva // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Povolzhskij region. Obshhestvennye nauki. – 2015. – # 2 (34). – S. 154-162.
9. Kratkij politicheskij slovar'. – M., 1988.
10. Pajps R. Russkij konservatizm i ego kritiki. –M.: Novoe izdatel'stvo, 2008.
11. Ponjatie grazhdanskogo obshhestva v social'no-filosofskom diskurse // Medicina. Sociologija. Filosofija. Prikladnye issledovanija. 2020. # 3.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ponyatie-grazhdanskogoobschestva-
v-sotsialno-filosofskom-diskurse (data obrashhenija: 08.06.2021).
12. Savchenko I. A. Grazhdanskoe obshhestvo v diskursivnom izmerenii // Vlast'. – 2015. – # 5. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/grazhdanskoe-obschestvov-diskursivnom-izmerenii-1 (data obrashhenija:07.06.2021).
13. Cygankov P. A. Diskurs global'nogo grazhdanskogo obshhestva v svete obostrivshejsja potrebnosti global'nogo upravlenija // Jelektronnoe nauchnoe izdanie Al'manah Prostranstvo i Vremja. – 2015.– # 1. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:
https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/diskurs-globalnogograzhdanskogo-obschestva-v-svete-obostrivsheysyapotrebnosti-globalnogo-upravleniya (data obrashhenija: 07.06.2021).
14. Hajek Fridrih Avgust. Doroga k rabstvu / Per. s angl. – M.: AST, 2021.
15. Gallaher Carolyn. «Anti-statism. Definition: Opposition from Above and Below» in Gallaher, et al. Key Concepts in Political Geography. – London: Sage Press, 2009.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Potemkin S. V.
Major trends in the understanding of the term “Sobornost” by leading orthodox theologians of the 20th century
This article examines the main aspects of sobornost or catholicity of the Church, as formulated by prominent 20th century theologians St. I. Popovich, G. Florovsky, V. Lossky, and D. Staniloae, whose works are deeply rooted in the tradition of the Holy Fathers. The concept of sobornost in the 20th century was examined by these theologians from a triadological, Christological, pneumatological and anthropological point of view.
Keywords: Christianity, Church, Orthodoxy, theology, sobornost, catholicity, philosophy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Evtich A., ep. Jekklesiologija apostola Pavla (po svjatomu Ioannu Zlatoustu). – M.: Novospasskij m-r', 2009. – 389 s.
2. Iustin (Popovich), prp. Dogmatika Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi: Pnevmatologija. – M.: Izd. sovet Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi, 2007. – 544 s.
3. Iustin (Popovich), prp. Dogmatika Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi: Jekklesiologija. – M.: Izd. sovet Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi, 2005. – 288 s.
4. Iustin (Popovich), prp. Dogmatika Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi: Jeshatologija. – M.: Izd. sovet Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi, 2005. – 144 s.
5. Kirill Aleksandrijskij, svt. Tvorenija. – M.: Palomnik", 2000-2002. – T. 1-3.
6. Kirill Ierusalimskij, svt. Pouchenija oglasitel'nye i tajnovodstvennye. – M.: Blagovest, 2010. – 352 s.
7. Losskij V. N. Bogovidenie. – M.: AST, 2007. – 757 s.
8. Maksim Ispovednik, prp. Pis'ma. – SPb.: SPbGU, RHGA, 2007. – 285 s.
9. Muretov M. D. Drevnee-evrejskie molitvy s imenem apostola Petra. O znachenii termina «καθολικός». –Sergiev Posad: STSL, 1905. – 168 s.
10. Florovskij G., prot. Evharistija i sobornost' // Put' # 19. – S. 3-22
11. Homjakov A. S. Sochinenija. – M.: Moskovskij filosofskij Fond, «Medium», 1994. – T. 1, T. 2.
12. Cyrillus Scr. Eccl., Catecheses ad illuminandos 1–18 (2110: 003) // Cyrilli Hierosolymorum archiepiscopi opera quae supersunt omnia, 2 vols.”, Ed. Reischl, W.C., Rupp, J. Munich: Lentner, 1:1848; 2:1860, Repr. 1967 (TLG)
13. Larchet J.-C. L’Eglise, Corps du Christ. – Paris: Cerf,2012. – Vol. 1-2.
14. Staniloae D. Theology and the Church. – NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1980. – 240 p.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Saberova M. S., Osyanin A. N., Sobornov A. V.
Correlation of national and international in modern Russian science
The article examines the issues that determine the ratio of national and international elements in
modern Russian science. The need for this study is caused by the role of science in modern society and the culture of the entire nation. Russian scientific culture is currently experiencing a certain crisis, globalization, informatization and alienation from its roots adversely affect its development and functioning. It is necessary to study the process of such influence in order to prevent the loss of the identity of the national scientific culture.
Keywords: Russian science, scientific culture, Russian philosophy, national, international.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bernal Dzh. Nauka v istorii obshhestva. - M.: Izd-vo inostran. lit-ry, 1956.
2. Ortega-i-Gasset H. Vosstanie mass. - M.: AST, 2008.
3. Ortega-i-Gasset H. Zapah kul'tury. - M.: Algoritm, Jeksmo, 2006.
4. Saberova M. Sh. Vzaimootnoshenie nacional'nogo i internacional'nogo v otechestvennoj nauchnoj kul'ture. Dis. … kand. filosof. nauk: 09.00.13. - N. Nov- gorod, 2016.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Salikhov G. G., Rasskazov L. D.
Mental warfare in the face of globalization:a philosophical analysis of the crisis processes 0f society
The purpose of the article is to reveal the nature of the “mental war” affecting society in the face of globalized crisis processes. Mental warfare is a phenomenon that poses a threat as well as scientific interest in its undisclosed potency and destructive influence on the worldview of society.
The main idea of the work is to establish a dialectical relationship of modern globalization crisis
processes with the mentality of society and its various forms of manifestation.
Keywords: war, globalization, crisis, mentalism, mentality, mental warfare, typology of mental wars
Work bibliographic list
1. Berdjaev N.A. Temnoe vino // Izbrannye trudy. – M:Rossijskaja politicheskaja jenciklopedija. – 648 s.
2. Bogdanov A.A. Jempiriomonizm: stat'i po filosofii. – M.: Respublika, 2003. – 400 s.
3. Bol'shaja press-konferencija Vladimira Putina –2019, 19 dekabrja, 2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/politika/7379985 (data obrashhenija: 08.05.2021).
4. Vernadskij V.I. Avtotrofnost' chelovechestva / Russkij kosmizm: Antologija filosofskoj mysli. – M.:Pedagogika-Press, 1993. – 368s.
5. Gorchakov A.M. Rossija sosredotachivaetsja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A0%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%81%D0%B8%D1%8F_%D1%81%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%87%D0%B8%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%81%D1%8F (data obrashhenija: 04.05.2021).
6. Gromyko A.A. Citaty. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.citaty.net/avtory/andrei-gromyko/(data obrashhenija: 04.05.2021)
7. Gubanov N.N. Mentalitet i formy ego projavlenija v sovremennom obshhestve: Avtoref. dis. … kand. fi-los. nauk. – M., 2007.
8. Gubanov N.N. Mentalitet: sushhnost', zakonomernosti formirovanija, razvitija i funkcionirovanija v obshhestve: Avtoref. dis. … dokt. filos. nauk. – M., 2014.
9. Dostoevskij, F.M. Zapiski iz podpol'ja. Sobranie sochinenij v 10-ti t. T. 4. – M.: Gosudarstvennoe izd-vo hudozhestvennoj literatury, 1956. – 612 s.
10. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (Novyj tekst Konstitucii RF s popravkami 2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://duma.gov.ru/news/48953/ (data obrashhenija: 08.05.2021).
11. Korovin V. Chto takoe mental'naja vojna. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://vz.ru/opinions/2021/3/29/1091779.html (data obrashhenija:04.05.2021).
12. Lavrov S. Luchshie citaty. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.tatler.ru/heroes/luchshiecitaty-sergeya-lavrova (data obrashhenija: 04.05.2021).
13. Mentalitet. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%82 (data obrashhenija: 04.05.2021).
14. Rossija i Bolonskoe Soglashenie. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://academica.ru/stati/statio-pervom-vysshem-obrazovanii-i-magistrature/713531- Prisoedinenie-Rossii-k-Bolonskomu-soglasheniju/.
15. Stepin V.S. Dialog kul'tur v globalizirujushhemsja mire. – M.: Nauka, 2005. – 428 s.
16. Frank S.L. Duhovnye osnovy obshhestva. – M.: Respublika, 1992. – 511 s.
17. Chumakov A.N., Shtark L.P. Rimskij klub: k itogam poluvekovoj dejatel'nosti // Vek globalizacii. –2019. – # 4 (32). – S. 40-49. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://doi.org/10.30884/vglob/2019.04.04(data obrashhenija: 07.05.2021)
18. Churinov N.M. Sovershenstvo i svoboda: filosofskie ocherki. 2-e izd., dop. – Krasnojarsk: SIBUP, 2003. – 515 s.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Saberova M. S., Osyanin A. N.
Russian philosophy on the national identity of Russian science
The article is devoted to the study of the educational function of the national scientific culture.
Russian scientific culture has a number of features, the main of which is its identity. Scientific culture is the basis, the basis for the social institutions of society. Many works, including those of modern scientists, are devoted to the study of the scientific culture of Russia and its functions. One of the most important, in our opinion, is educational, which will be discussed in this article.
Keywords: science, culture, philosophy, scientific culture, Russian philosophy, identity, functions of scientific culture, educational function.
Work bibliographic list
1. Veber M. Nauka kak prizvanie i professija / Izbran. proizv.: Per. s nem. / Sost., obshh. red. Ju. N. Davydova. - M.: Progress, 1990.
2. Vernadskij V. I. Izbrannye trudy po istorii nauki. - M.: Nauka, 1981.
3. Vinogradov P. G. Itogi XIX veka / Istorija XIX veka. T.VIII. - Izd. Granat, 1907.
4. Gubin V. D. Kritika sovremennyh burzhuaznyh teorij tvorchestva. - Har'kov: Vishha shko la, 1981.
5. Kant I. Antropologija s pragmaticheskoj tochki zrenija / Soch. v 6 t. T. 6. - M.: Mysl', 1966.
6. Mikeshina L. A. Filosofija nauki: Sovremennaja jepistemologija. Nauchnoe znanie v dinamike kul'tury. Metodologija nauchnogo issledovanija: ucheb. posobie. - M.: Progress-Tradicija: MPSI: Flinta, 2005.
7. Nauka i nravstvennost'. - M.: Politizdat, 1971.
8. Nicshe F. Chelovecheskoe, slishkom chelovecheskoe. Kniga dlja svobodnyh umov // Soch. v 2 t. T. 1. - M.:RIPOL KLASSIK, 1997.
9. Ortega-i-Gasset H. Missija universiteta. - M.: Izd. dom Gos. un-ta – Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki, 2010.
10. Porus V. N. Racional'nost'. Nauka. Kul'tura. - M., 2002.
11. Puankare A. Cennost' nauki. - M.: b/i, 1905.
12. Saberova M. Sh. Vzaimootnoshenie nacional'nogo  i internacional'nogo v otechestvennoj nauchnoj kul'ture. Dis. … kand. filosof. nauk: 09.00.13. -N. Novgorod, 2016.
13. S-Peterburgskie vedomosti. - 1861. - # 237.
14. Timirjazev K. A. Nauka i demokratija. Sbornik statej 1904–1919 gg. - M.: Izd. soc.-jekonomich. litry, 1963.
15. Fihte I. Naukouchenie / Antologija mirovoj filosofii v 4-h t. T. 3. - M.: Mysl', 1971.
16. Jaspers K. Ideja universiteta. - Minsk: BGU, 2006.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Bondarenko O. V., Martynenko A. I.
Thought experiment as a meta-procedure of theoretical and cognitive activity in modern natural science
The article considers the philosophical essence and the role of thought experiment as a special form of theoretical and cognitive activity that expresses the style of research in modern natural science. It is shown that any idealization in natural science essentially means mental experimentation. In this sense, the thought experiment acts as a meta-procedure of theoretical knowledge, which allows us to determine what ontological content will be used as the basis for research of natural science objects.
It is concluded that the thought experiment represents the construction of a potentially possible behavior of the object of research in extremely isolating and variable conditions. Modeling in the process of a thought experiment plays a supporting role. In a thought experiment, a completely different cognitive attitude develops (compared to a real experiment), a holistic type of reflection: the object is initially embedded in the subjective (in form) activity of cognition, in the process of its artificial construction and transformation.
Keywords: thought experiment, theoretical and cognitive activity, modeling, meta-procedure, natural science.
Work bibliographic list
1. Galeev I. N. Kommentarij k Federal'nomu zakonu ot 26 ijunja 2008 g. # 102-FZ «Ob obespechenii edinstva izmerenij» (postatejnyj). – M.: Delovoj dvor, 2009. – 240 s.
2. Gusserl' Je. Kartezianskie meditacii / Per. s nem. V. I. Molchanova. – M.: Akademicheskij proekt, 2010. – 229 s.
3. Mah Je. Mehanika. Istoriko-kriticheskij ocherk ejo razvitija. – Izhevsk: Izhevskaja respublikanskaja tipografija, 2000. – 456 s.
4. Jejnshtejn A. Teorija otnositel'nosti. Izbrannye raboty. – Izhevsk: Nauchno-izd. centr «Reguljarnaja i haoticheskaja dinamika», 2000. – 224 s.
5. Harre R. Varicties of realism: A rationale for the natural sciences. – Oxford, N.Y., 1996. – 124 r.
6. Maxwell N. Karl Popper, Science and Enlightenment.– London: Saint Philip Street Press, 2020. – 392 p.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Minakоv I. Р.
Sociocultural memory: the essence, specificity and mechanisms of translation
The article presents the author’s understanding of the essence, specifics and mechanisms of socio-cultural memory. It is noted that the essence of socio-cultural memory is expressed in its role as a translator of the cultural and, above all, spiritual experience of a particular, original community, which is at a certain stage of its development. The translation is based on the forms of transmission of the cultural heritage of this community and thus the mechanisms of translation of socio-cultural memory are formed.
Keywords: sociocultural memory, generational connection, values, spiritual experience, culture, translator, social interaction, mechanisms of memory translation
Work bibliographic list
1. Aksjutin Ju. M., Anzhiganova L. V. Imperskaja kul'tura:cennosti, simvoly, ritualy. Monografija. – Abakan: Hakasskij gosudarstvennyj universitet im. Katanova, 2011. – 188 s.
2. Assman Ja. Kul'turnaja pamjat': Pis'mo i pamjat' o proshlom i politicheskaja identichnost' v vysokih kul'turah drevnosti / Per. s nem. M. M. Sokol'skoj. – M.:Jazyki slavjanskoj kul'tury, 2004. – 368 s.
3. Boguslavskaja V. V. Modelirovanie teksta: lingvosociokul'turnaja koncepcija. Analiz zhurnalistskih tekstov. – M.: Izd-vo LKI, 2011. – 280 s.
4. Vasil'ev A. Memorializacija i zabvenie kak mehanizmy proizvodstva kul'turnogo edinstva i raznoobrazija// Fundamental'nye problemy kul'turologii: Tom 6:Kul'turnoe nasledie: ot proshlogo - k budushhemu / Otv.redaktor D. L. Spivak. — M., SPb: Novyj hronograf, Jejdos, 2009. — 376 s.
5. Garanina O. D. Fenomen social'noj pamjati v duhovnoj jevoljucii obshhestva // Nauchnyj vestnik MGTUGA.– 2014. – # 203 – S. 43-48.
6. Kul'turologija. XX vek. – SPb.: Universitetskaja kniga, 1997. – 640 s.
7. Lotman Ju. M. Pamjat' v kul'turologicheskom osveshhenii // Lotman Ju. M. Izbrannye stat'i: V 3 t. T. 1: Stat'i po semiotike i tipologii kul'tury / Ju. M. Lotman. – Tallinn: Aleksandra, 1992. – 479 s.
8. Madjukova S. A., Popkov Ju. V. Fenomen sociokul'turnogo neotradicionalizma / pod red. E. A. Tjugasheva. –SPb.: Aletejja, 2011. – 132 s.
9. Mudrik A. V. Socializacija vchera i segodnja. – M.: Moskovskij psihologo-social'nyj institut, 2006. – 432 s.
10. Mudrik A. V. Socializacija cheloveka: Ucheb. Posobie dlja stud. vyssh. ucheb. zavedenij. – M. Izd. Centr «Akademija», 2004. – 304 s.
11. Otechestvennaja vojna 1812 g v kul'turnoj pamjati Rossii. - M.: Kuchkovo pole, 2012. – 448 s.
12. Rahmatullina Z. Ja. Pravo na duhovnost': filosofskij ocherk. – Ufa: AN RB, Gilem, 2011. – 132 s.
13. Sorokin P. A. Obshhedostupnyj uchebnik sociologii. Stat'i raznyh let / In-t sociologii. – M.: Nauka, 1994.– 560 s.
14. Sorokin P. A. Chelovek. Civilizacija. Obshhestvo. – M.:Politizdat, 1992. – 542 s.
15. Sukalo S. A. Mehanizmy i simvolicheskie praktiki sohranenija i transljacii kul'turnyh kodov v rossijskom politicheskom prostranstve // Vestnik SPbGUKI.– 2015. – # 2. – S. 124-128.
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OUR CELEBRATER
Allalyev R. M., Panchenko V. Yu.,
Frolova N. A., Chechelnitskiy Yu. V.
On the significance of the conclusions of professor A. I. Ekimov in the professional training of law students: on the anniversary of doctor of law, professor, Honored lawyer of the Russian Federation Anisim Ivanovich Ekimov
The article analyzes the theoretical propositions formulated by Doctor of Law, Professor, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation Anisim Ivanovich Ekimov in the work “Law in the context of justice: towards the methodology of research”, which have not only methodological and theoretical, but also important methodological significance for the professional training of law students in the framework of studying courses in the theory of state and law and problems of the theory of state and law: interests as the foundations of ideas and ideologies, the debatable nature of legal norms and its limits, the interaction of individual interests., group and public interests in legal regulation, on the problem of the relationship between justice and law, on the sources of the goals of legal regulation, the relationship between interests and justice.
Keywords: interests and law, justice and law, legal education, theory of state and law, problems of the theory of state and law, Anisim Ivanovich Ekimov.
Work bibliographic list
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7. Nuzhny li Rossii «universal'nye» cennosti? // URL: https://rg.ru/2020/06/17/nuzhny-lirossii-universalnye-cennosti.html (data obrashhenija:19.05.2021).
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12. Jebzeev B.S. Dialektika individual'nogo i kollektivnogo v organizacii sociuma i ee otrazhenie v Konstitucii (k metodologii issledovanija) // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2004. # 2. S. 5-12.
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