CONTENT OF NUMBER
AND SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES

EURASIAN LAW JOURNAL №7(158)2021

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PERSONA GRATA
EMOMALI RAHMON:Tajikistan on the threshold of the Thirtieth anniversary of independence: problems, solutions and prospects
Interview with EMOMALI RAHMON, President of the Republic of Tajikistan
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Ispolinov A.S., Kadysheva O.V.
Old and new problems in the activity and jurisprudence of the EAEU Court in case of DHL Global Forwarding
Smbatyan A.S.
International law on guard of Russia’s cultural sovereignty
Altoukhov A.V., Kashkin S.Yu.
The need to develop platform law for the digital agro-industrial complex
Goncharova N.N., Dyatlova E.V.
Model similarities between international integration organizations on the example of the WTO and the EAEU
Ivanov D.V., Pchelitseva V.V.
Cultural relativism and protection and promotion of human rights in the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Etdzaeva K.A.
Aspects of application of the European Convention on Human Rights in the territories of the contracting parties
Laipanova A.A.
On the advantages and disadvantages of the 1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
Levashova A.V., Petrova K.O., Mikhaylova E.A.
National regulation of artificial intelligence in the modern world
Pokrovskaia N.V.
The problem of Russia’s interaction with the WTO member states in the context of sanctions pressure
Yakovchuk T.V., Chernyadjeva A.S.
Some issues in the international protection of human rights in the sphere of sport
Abukarova M.U.
Military threats to security in the emerging system of relations of the 21st century
Altoukhov A.V., Kashkin S.Yu.
Artificial intelligence, platform law and prospects for forming an ecosystem for legal regulation
of antimonopoly public relations
Volkova A.A.
The problem of compliance of regional trade agreements with WTO law
Mamedov L.R.
The Calvo Doctrine and the principle of the exhaustion of domestic remedies
 
INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
Radzhabov S.A.
Application of amnesty during armed conflicts (experience of Afghanistan and Tajikistan)
 
LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Nuriev B.D., Burdo E.P., Musazade Sh.M.
Commercial law of Turkey: structure and sources
Li Na, Xu Bing
Legalization of the business environment in Heilongjiang Province (China)
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Rahimi F.
President and science (The role of the Founder of Peace and National Unity – the Leader of the Nation, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, respected Emomali Rahmon in the development of Tajik science)
Mahmudzoda M.A.
Development  and adoption of the Constitution of sovereign Tajikistan
RakhimzodaM.Z.
Modern legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan: formation, state and prospects
Zoir J.M.
Constitutional development of the Tajik statehood as a factor of formation of post-soviet geopolitical and legal space
Ibrokhimov S.I.
Administrative law and public administration of the Republic of Tajikistan in conditions of state independence
Imomov A.
The current stage of development of the constitutional legal institutions in the Republic of Tajikistan
Iskandarov Q.
The role of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon in the repatriation of refugees from Afghanistan
Islamov S.I., Subkhonov A.I., Islomov H.S.
Formation of the demographic science –a product of the state independence of the Republic of Tajikistan (Tajikistan’s experience of demographic policy)
Nematov A.R.
Systematization of economic legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan
Rahimzoda Sh.
Economy of Tajikistan: state and development prospects
Saidmurodov L.H.
Strategic goals and principles of development of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period up to 2030
Haydarov R.J.
President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon and his role in shaping of the international image of the state
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Shuvalov I.I.
The legal regime of anti-Russian sanctions and retaliatory measures of the Russian Federation
Bayniyazova Z.S.
Consolidation of lawmaking and law enforcement as a necessary condition for the implementation of the legal status of an individual
Gavrilenko V.А, Mazova E.A., Medvedeva A.A., UtkinN.I.
Issues of development and improvement of the fire insurance institute in the Russian Federation
Denisenko S.V., Shulgach Yu.A.
Institute of mediation in the modern world
Deryugin A.A., Nikonov D.A., Lutsenko V.V.
Counterterrorism operation regime: mechanism and stages of legal regulation
Idrisov I.K., Verdiev M.A.
Сonstitutional foundations of freedom of citizens in the Russian Federation
Saizoda T. N.
Regulatory and legal regulation of methods filling in the uncertainty in the law
Denisenko S. V., Shulgach Yu. A.
Mediation and legal proceedings as two options for resolving conflict situations
Motova E. A.
Legal interests and human needs in a high-tech society
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Bezhanov A. V.
Genocide of ossetians 1918–2008: historical and legal analysis of the corpus delicti
Gulyaeva T. B.
Alimony obligations of parents to children in the 30s of the 20th century
Doronin Yu. P.
Aviation squads of the Kuban Cossack Army during the Civil war (1918–1920) period
Lunin S. V.
Approaches to determining the place of Stoglav in the system of sources of the law
Makayeva N. T.
Industrialization as a factor of socio-economic transformation of the Soviet State in 1920–1930: evaluation of the results (based on the materials of the BASSR)
Mayakunov A. E.
Alcohol intoxication and criminal liability: historical and legal aspects
Pavlyuk I. V.
Election and appointment of bishops in the pre-Nicene period and the period of Ecumenical Councils
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Avramtsev V. V., Konnov I. A.
Problems of the legal status of independent experts in the public administration system of modern Russia
Kuznetsova T. O., Gordeychenko L. O.
The issue of human rights in Latin America in terms of the anti-globalization movement
Teplyakov I. I.
Influence of the Constitution of the RSFSR of 1918 on the development of modern Russian constitutionalism
Szydlowski A. V.
Electoral justice of Paraguay
Yadreev I. V.
National (ethnic) peculiarities of legal regulation of the territorial organization of local self-government at the regional level
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Bakulina I. P.
Problems of bringing to administrative responsibility for violation of sanitary and epidemiological rules during the period of the quarantine and high alert regimes
Butc S. B., Evsikova E. V., Pononomarev A. V.
To the question of reforming administrative-tort legislation in the sphere of administrative responsibility of officers and individual entrepreneurs
Vorontsova M. A.
Features of the administrative jurisdiction of the commissions for the affairs of minors and the protection of their rights
Zakopyrin V. N., Konkov R. A.
Tasks of administrative responsibility of civil servants
Pavlov N. V., Fedonkin Yu. N.
General and distinctive features of administrative and legal fictions in the mechanism of legal regulation of public relations
Volkova E. A.
Participation of strategic joint-stock companies in the process of law genesis and lawmaking
Kapkova M. A.
Problems and prospects for Improving the legal basis of administrative responsibility for beating against minors and (or) with their participation
Pavlov N. V., Bryantseva A. R., Gorelikova Kh. A.
Administrative investigation of offenses as administrative fiction
Saitkhodzhaev B. Kh.
Control and supervision in the administrative activities of the GUOBDD MIA of the Kyrgyz Republic
Krasnova E. M.
On the concept and essence of administrative and jurisdictional powers of a police officer
 
CIVIL LAW
Abdujalilov A.
Conclusion of a contract on the internet
Ananjeva E. O., Ivliev P. V.
Informatization and mass media as ways of developing the Russian economy in modern conditions
Igbaeva G.R.
Legal consequences of transformational processes in the field of labor in the context of digitalization
Telibekova I. M.
The insurer as a legal entity under the legislation of the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States
Malkerov V. B.
Problems of formation of judicial practice in cases of dismissal of an employee
Miftakhov A. M.
Advantages of implementing the rule of Islamic law on bribery for society
Mukhamedova E. E.
Digital rights
Rychagova O. E., Fesenko E. A.
Some problems of legal regulation of the termination of the provision of educational services by higher educational institutions to minors
Smolina O. S.
Balance of interests in the digital platform transactions in the light of the principles of freedom of contract and equal status in law of all parties to civil relations
Telibekovа I. M.
Insurance functions and its basic theories
Telnov A. V.
Reputation in the system of intangible benefits
Toropov S. A., Sokol O. V.
Problematic issues of execution of decisions on the demolition of unauthorized construction objects
Levashova A. V., Petrova K. O. Mikhaylova E. A.
Social media account as a means of income for spouses in case of divorce
Dalgatova S. I.
Invalidity of the marriage contract: questions of theory and practice
 
FAMILY LAW
Shastina A. R.
On the need for notarization of marriage contracts in modern realities
 
ENTREPRENEURIAL LAW
Kosyakin I. A.
The “soft law” and corporate customs as a regulator of the sole executive body`s activities
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Tabakova M. D.
Formation of legal regulation of taxation of digital currency in the Russian Federation
 
BUDGET LAW
Permyakov M. V., Khodasevich O. N., Kotov V. V.
Actual problems of taxation in modern Russia
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Akhmedkhanova S. T., Shapiev M. G.
Legal consolidation and application of the main means of correction to convicts serving correctional labor
Akhtamyanov R. R., Didorenko N. N.
Bitcoin as a possible criminal tool
Bondar A. G.
The state of crime amid the COVID-19 pandemic
Galimov G. M., Magomedova A. I.
The value of objective signs for the classification of crimes
Garifullina R. F., Khakimova E. R.
Differentiation of illegal obtaining a loan from fraud on the basis of the subjective side of the crime
Divaeva I. R., Litvina A. V.
On the issue of legislative regulation of liability for crimes related to the theft of funds from bank accounts of citizens
Janaliev M. E.
Respect for the rights of minors as a subject of prosecutor’s supervision in the Kyrgyz Republic
Kashirgov A. H., Gutaev A. M.
Tasks and functions of criminal responsibility
Korotkikh N. N.
Some aspects of the institution of parole in the criminal law of Russia
Kuznetsov I. A.
Features of violations of interests of service in commercial and other organizations
Lesnikov G. Yu.
To a question of efficiency of criminal regulation
Parfeynikov I. S., Shuiskiy A. S.
Hatred or enmity motives in relation to any social group in extremist crimes: categorical and conceptual aspect
Safronov A. A., Nikitin A. I.
Questions about the use of self-defense techniques and the detention of offenders armed with piercing and cutting objects
Usmanov D. R., Danilov D. B.
Analysis of the functions of members of organized groups in the commission of crimes related to illicit drug trafficking
Fathiev D. M., Doronin K. N.
Selected aspects of the historical development of terrorism in Russia: motives, goals
Stepanov-Yegiyants V. G.
Responsibility for public display of attributes of banned extremist organizations
Verkhovskaya M. D.
The main directions of improving the definition of the legislative subject of abuse of authority in commercial and other organization
Gasanov A. A., Esenbulatova E. Kh.
Delimitation of “leaving in danger” from other offenses
Kalas M. H., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
The main determinants of criminal suicide of minors
Isakhov Zh. I.
Comparative legal analysis of the criminal legislation of the CIS for incitement to suicide by self-immolation
Novikov I. A.
Issues of differentiating responsibility for violations of legislation in the field of charity
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Aliev Kh. K., Asvarov N. A., Magomedova M. M.
Principles for the independence of judges in criminal process
Guseeva Z. I, Radjabov S. R.
The mechanism of pre-trial adoption of an indictment: problems of theory and practice
Aliev M. M., Radjabov Sh. R.
Problems of investigating crimes in the field of computer technologies
Gritsenko N. S.
Abolition of the institution of private prosecution:possible problems and prospects
Dgebiya B. A.
Historical aspects of the establishment of the institution of returning a criminal case to the prosecutor by the court in Russia
Magomedgaziev M. U.
Powers of the prosecutor at the stage of initiating a criminal case
Novik E. V.
Prosecutor’s supervision of operational and investigative activities
Zakharyan A. A.
On the participation of the prosecutor in evidence in the consideration of the criminal case received with an indictment (act, decision)
Omarov M. O., Aliev K. K., Magomedova M. M.
Mediation in criminal process
Sokolov Yu. N.
Electronic and” digital” information: the basics of legal interpretation
Teppeev A. A.
Appointment and production of a forensic examination at the pre-trial stages of the criminal process
Khakunov A. M., Tolgurova Z. H.
Features of pre-trial cooperation in the course of criminal proceedings
Boginskiy M. M.
International legal framework for ensuring the criminal procedural security of an individual in the countries of the European Union
Levchenko O. V., Mischenko E. V.
Some problems of the proof process of the pre-trial stage of the investigation of criminal cases of a terrorist orientation
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Bichenova A. R., Eremeeva E. Yu.
Monitoring of the behavior of convicted women with delay in serving their sentences
Golodov P. V.
Some problems of legal responsibility of convicts for violation of the procedure and conditions for serving a sentence
Golubtsova A. I.
Violation of the law by employees of the penitentiary system in the performance of official duties
Rasulov R. N., Esenbulatova E. K.
Problematic issues of the punishment system in the Russian Federation
 
JUDICIARY
Permyakov M. V., Morozova E. V., Khodasevich O. N.
Problems of simplified proceedings in the arbitration process
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Gumenchuk О. O.
Use of special criminal knowledge at the crime report check stage
Moskalenko V. N.
The activity of the explosive laboratory of the ECC GU of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region in the disclosure and investigation of the crimes of terrorist orientation
Nagoeva M. A.
Activities of investigative bodies for the prevention of crimes
Nazarkin E. V., Suleymanov T. A.,
Zakharova S. S., Zharko N. V.
About the role of an investigator and a specialist at the preparatory stage of examining the scene
of an accident during the investigation of a crime in the field of computer information
Urusov Z. Kh., Kodzokov B. V.
Problematic issues arising from the fixing of tracks and the investigation of road accidents
Fadeev I. A.
Legal institute of urgent investigative actions:a brief digression into the history of the issue
Sheklein Yu. N.
Typological features of the personality of self-serving criminals (based on the materials of the Altai Territory)
Golyandin N. P., Moskalenko V. N., Sheriev A. M.
Positive experience in neutralizing explosive objects prior to forensic research
Nagoeva M. A.
Some questions on improving the activities of investigative bodies for the prevention of crimes
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Gayday M. K., Galtsev S. A., Kurilo S. N.
The negative impact of criminality on the development of personality qualities in young people
Kolenko R. S., Klochkov R. V., Pimonova E.E.
Separate features of the criminological characteristics of the personality of a criminal committing
separate types of fraud
Kurbatova G. V., Bondarenko I. V.
Prevention of environmental crimes: current aspects of law enforcement and ways of further development
Mamaev M. I.
Features of the criminological characteristics of financial cybercrime
Sultanbekova P. R., Magomedova A. I.
Criminological “portrait” of the fraudster’s personality
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Bogdanov A. V.
Labor adaptation of the head of the territorial body of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia at the district level
Klimovskiy A. S., Stetsenko N. V.
Peculiarities of law enforcement officers’ training for negotiations with terrorists
Mustafin M. A.
Preventive activities of internal affairs bodies
Tsrimov A. A.
The role of the preliminary investigation bodies in the prevention of terrorist crime
Shogenov Z. A., Karachaev A. R.
The role of preventive activities of district police officers in preventing domestic violence and domestic crimes
Mustafin M. A., Ilyasova A. I.
The activities of the internal affairs bodies to combat illegal drug trafficking
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Kovsh S. V., Konosov A. A.
Comparative analysis of cybercrime in Russia and foreign countries: ways and methods of combating
Muhammad А.
Political terrorism as a result of religious and ethnic extremism
Mashekuasheva M. K., Mazdogova Z. Z.
On the issue of age as a factor of vulnerability in the framework of involvement in the activities of extremist and terrorist organizations
Misrokov T. Z.
The role of the Russian Federation in the activities of the international community in the fight against terrorism
Nikolaev N. Yu., Davletov V. I., Kuznetsova E. V.
Actual problems of the circulation of civilian weapons in modern society
Fedosov A. V., Idrisova K. R.,
Nasibullina V. A., Konstantinova O. V.
Overview of changes in legislation, which establishes requirements for organizations using overpressure equipment
Tlupova A. V., Gelyakhova L. A., Mashekuasheva M. K.
Features of criminal legal countering to financing of extremist activities In Russia
Shogenov Z. A.
Counteraction measures and methods of combating economic crimes in Russia
 
HUMAN RIGHTS
Yusupova S. I.
Is euthanasia a good or a crime?
 
STATE AND LAW
Sagidov G. M., Gabieva S. M.
The problem of participation of the Subjects of the Russian Federation in the preparation and adoption of federal laws
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Voronchikhin D. V., Bakin A. V., Akhtamyanov R. R.
A model for the formation of a health-oriented orientation of high school students
Tomas A. V., Medvedev I. V.
Improving the system for assessing the level of physical fitness of students of educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Khayrullina N. G., Kovrov V. F., Kinchagulova M. V.
Pandemic influence on social and political situation:rural residents assessments
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Grigoryan V. S., Davydova G. V.
Key factors affecting the economic security of the oil industry: analysis, assessment methodology
Mirsaidov A. B.
Features of development of basic institutions of the market economy in Tajikistan
Mukhtarov D. J.
Corruption and the shadow economy, the main threat to the economic security of the state
Nguyen Quoc Hung
Economic relations between Russia and Vietnam. Successes and problems
Prytkova E. A.
Modern trends in quality management in the activities of construction enterprises
Podlesniy I.
About scientific approach to modern threats of economic security
Popova T. V.
Improving the social security system for employees of the penal system of the Russian Federation in terms of providing living quarters
Tatenko G. I., Samokhina A. D.
Formation and development of startup communications in the digital environment
Cheremisina N. V.
Monetary income of the population as a factor of economic well-being of the region
Khodkovskaya Yu. V., Fomina E. A.,
Tolstova S. F., Kovaleva V. A.
Criteria for the sustainable development of the subjects of The Russian Federation
Khalikova E. A., Yakubov R. N., Timirov R. M.
Comparative assessment of the economic efficiency of using various drilling technologies in the development of oil field sites
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Bondarenko N. G.
Freedom in the context of the identity of a person and society
Gladkova I. V., Polyanok O. V., Tikhonenko V. V.
Moral choice as a way of a person’s attitude to the world
Gofman A. A.
Digital competencies as a condition for lifelong learning
Zubkov S. A.
Ecotheological image of Francis of Assisi in Christian philosophy
Ivanova E. V., Kilimnik E. V.
Religious security in ensuring Russia’s ideological security
Lolaeva D. T., Sanakoeva Y. I., Hanaev I. S.
Poverty as the fear of a person of the «postmodern» era
Runaev R. Yu.
Determinism against Free Will
Askerova S. V.
Philosophy of culture: in theoretical and conceptual aspects
 
BOOK REVIEW
Bekyashev K. A., Chattaev A. R.
“An important book is a necessary book”
Review for a scientific publication: «The Mysterious and Obvious in American Diplomacy: From Monroe to Trump. Cambridge Scholars Publishing». 2020. – 533 p. (Insur Farkhutdinov. «The mysterious and obvious in American diplomacy from Monroe to Trump». Cambridge:09.01.2020 – 533 c. (published in English
 
INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Ispolinov A.S., Kadysheva O.V.
Old and new problems in the activity and jurisprudence of the EAEU Court in case of DHL Global Forwarding
The case of DHL Global Forwarding adjudicated by both instances of the Court of Eurasian Economic Union reveals remarkable adherence of the EAEU Court to it highly controversial jurisprudence in cases of failure of the EAEU Commission to act as well as to the issues of the pre-trial procedure but also highlights a range of new problems in the functioning of the Court and in its attitude to the applicable law. In first case it’s an issue of impartiality of the judges of the Court. In the second case, the question is about different doctrinal approaches to the autonomy of the EAEU law and order and its place in the system of international law.
Keywords: failure to act, pre-trial procedure, impartiality, legal order of the EAEU, autonomy.
Work bibliographic list
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2. Ispolinov A.C, Kadysheva O. V. Jabloko razdora: dosudebnaja procedura v mezhdunarodnom pravosudii i v praktike Suda EAJeS // Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie. – 2021. – # 2 (38). – S. 93-110.
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INTERNATIONAL LAW
Smbatyan A.S.
International law on guard of Russia’s cultural sovereignty
In July 2021, the ECHR adopted a judgment obliging Russia at the legislative level to recognize officially the status of samesex couples. The author of this article believes that slogans formulated by individual groups should not turn into a “legal imperative”. “Universalization” of dubious values and categories, especially in the field of morality and ethics, threatens to the cultural sovereignty of the Russian Federation
Keywords: cultural sovereignty, international law, National Security Strategy, interpretation of international treaties, ECHR.
Work bibliographic list
1. Smbatjan A. S. Anti-formalizm v. tradicionalizma kak novyj vyzov mezhdunarodnomu pravu //Rossijskij vneshnejekonomicheskij vestnik. – 2020.– # 6. – S. 41-62.
2. Smbatjan A. S. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo ne dolzhno prevrashhat'sja v moral'nuju utopiju // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 1 (152). – S. 19-20.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Altoukhov A.V., Kashkin S.Yu.
The need to develop platform law for the digital agro-industrial complex
Today, the world is actively using the massive digitalization of many processes: social, legal, economic, food, and this is not a fashion trend, but a vital necessity. The state policy of Russia is also aimed at the massive digitalization of various industries, among which the agro-industrial complex is of great importance. According to economists, the introduction of platform and other innovative technologies will have an extremely beneficial effect on the economy of our state, and will also be able to increase export turnover and, as a result, raise the country’s prestige in the eyes of the world community. However, legal experts, in turn, rightly note that the introduction
of innovative technologies requires a kind of innovative legislation. The article discusses the problems of legal regulation of digitalization based on artificial intelligence in the agro-industrial complex of Russia and the need to introduce modern “platform law” in it.
Keywords: platforms, digitalization, agro-industrial complex, innovations, artificial intelligence, agrotech, legaltech, platform law, network models, blockchain, integration law.
Work bibliographic list
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6. Ognivcev S.B. Koncepcija cifrovoj platformy agropromyshlennogo kompleksa // MSH. 2018. # 2.
7. Podkolzina I.M., Pavljuk A.V. Obespechenie ustojchivogo razvitija jekonomiki sel'skogo hozjajstva v ramkah innovacionnogo podhoda // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. 2018. # 1. S. 23-27.
8. «Proekt strategicheskih napravlenij formirovanija i razvitija cifrovogo prostranstva Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza v perspektive do 2025goda». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.eurasiancommission.org/ru/act/dmi/workgroup/materials/Documents/Strategicheskie%20 napravlenija%20formirovanija%20cifrovogo%20 prostranstva%20EAJeS%20(proekt).pdf
9. Reshenie Kollegii Evrazijskoj jekonomicheskoj komissii ot 10.04.2018 # 52(red. ot 31.07.2018) «O porjadke registracii predvaritel'noj informacii o tovarah, predpolagaemyh k vvozu na tamozhennuju territoriju Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza» Oficial'nyj sajt Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.eaeunion.org/, 13.04.2018. (data obrashhenija: 7.05.2020 g.).
10. Sel'skoe hozjajstvo v Rossii. 2019: Stat. sb. / Rosstat. M., 2019. 91 c.
11. Cifrovaja transformacija: onlajn-rukovodstvo po cifrovomu preobrazovaniju biznesa, i-Scoop, [Digital transformation:online guide to digital business transformation, i-Scoop]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.i-scoop.eu/digitaltransformation/#The_digital_transformation_economy_DX_moves_to_the_core_of_business (data obrashhenija: 4.05.2020 g.).
12. Cifrovoj edinyj rynok, Evropejskaja komissija,2017, [Digital Single Market, European
Commission, 2017]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/public-servicesegovernment (data obrashenija:8.05.2020 g.).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Goncharova N.N., Dyatlova E.V.
Model similarities between international integration organizations on the example of the WTO and the EAEU
The article explores the legal foundations, principles of international integration in the economic sphere on the example of two international associations of the WTO and the EAEU. Their model similarity, revealed and proven in the submissions, allows us to establish a common scenario for the development of international entities uniting states in order to create a prosperous regime based on the basic principles of international law and in the spirit of the current provisions of the UN Sustainable Development Program until 2030.
Keywords: integration, principles of international economic law, WTO, EAEU, GATT.
Work bibliographic list
1. Boklan D.S. Evrazijskij jekonomicheskij sojuz i Vsemirnaja torgovaja organizacija: sootnoshenie pravovyh rezhimov // Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. 2017. — #2. — S. 223 - 236.
2. VTO: osnovy funkcionirovanija i problemy prisoedinenija Rossii: Uchebnoe posobie / O. A. Gorbunova,I. V. Minchenkova. — 3-e izd. — M.: Izdatel'sko – torgovaja korporacija «Dashkov i K°», 2011. — S. 14.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Ivanov D.V., Pchelitseva V.V.
Cultural relativism and protection and promotion of human rights in the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
The article concerns the attitude of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and its Member States towards the ratio between the concept of universal human rights and relativistic concepts of human rights according to international law acts and documents published under the auspices of the Organisation. The article explores various aspects of cultural relativism as regards Islamic States, the system of protection and promotion of human rights in the OIC, its international law acts and the activity of the OIC bodies and organisations authorised to exercise protection and promotion of human rights. The study of the approach of the OIC, its bodies and organisations and Member States results into authors’ conclusion on the contribution of the OIC to protection and promotion of human rights on the territory of its Member States from the standpoint of the issue in question.
Keywords: Human Rights, Cultural Relativism, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, OIC Declaration on Human Rights, Human Rights in Islam, Islamic Law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abashidze A. H. i dr. Mezhdunarodnaja i vnutrigosudarstvennaja zashhita prav cheloveka. Uchebnik; pod red.L. H. Mingazova. – M.: Izd. Prospekt, 2021. – 831 s.
2. Ali N. A. Zashhita prav i svobod cheloveka v arabskih stranah. Monografija. – M.: Izd. Prospekt, 2016. – 277 s.
3. Kovalev A. A. Mezhdunarodnaja zashhita prav cheloveka. –M.: Statut, 2013. – 591 s.
4. Prozorov S. M. Islam. Jenciklopedicheskij slovar'. –M.: Izdatel'stvo «Nauka», 1991. – 340 s.
5. Ala Maudoodi S.A. Human Rights in Islam. – Islamic Publication Limited. – 40 p.
6. Bielefeldt H. «Western» versus «Islamic» human rights conceptions? A critique of cultural essentialism in the discussion on human rights // Political theory. – 2000. –Vol. 28. – #. 1. – P. 90-121.
7. Donnelly J. Cultural relativism and universal human rights//Human Rights Quarterly – 1984. – Vol. 6. – P. 400-419.
8. Hogemann E. R. Human Rights beyond Dichotomy between Cultural Universalism and Relativism //The Age of Human Rights Journal. – 2020. – Vol. 14. – P. 19-36.
9. Kayaoglu T. The OIC’s Human Rights Regime // The Organization of Islamic Cooperation and Human Rights.– 2019. – P. 65-90.
10. Majid B. The Human Rights in OIC, A Gradually Movement but in Progress // Journal of Politics and Law – 2017. – Vol. 10. – P. 73-81.
11. Messer E. Pluralist approaches to human rights // Journal of Anthropological Research. – 1997. – Vol. 53.3. – P. 293-317.
12. Saeed A. Human Rights and Islam: An Introduction to Key Debates Between Islamic Law and International Human Rights Law. – Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018. – 276 p.
13. Traer R. Human Rights In Islam // Islamic Studies. – 1989.– Vol. 28. – # 2. – P. 117-129.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Etdzaeva K.A.
Aspects of application of the European Convention on Human Rights in the territories of the contracting parties
The issues of the territorial scope of the European Convention on Human Rights are now becoming increasingly important. At the beginning of 2021, the European Court of Human Rights delivered the judgment on the interstate complaint “Georgia v. Russia (2)”, which established effective Russian control over Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the period from August 12 to October 10, 2008 after the cessation of fire. At the same time the Ukrainian government has filed four inter-state complaints against Russia, raising questions of Russia’s control over Crimea and eastern Ukraine. In January 2021, the Grand ruled on the admissibility of one of these complaints - “Ukraine v. Russia (regarding Crimea)”.
It is worth noting that in addition to inter-state complaints, more than ten thousand individual complaints were submitted to the European Court, in which numerous violations of human rights by representatives of the Russian authorities were alleged as a result of the events in Crimea, Eastern Ukraine, South Ossetia and Abkhazia. At the same time, Georgia and Ukraine declare the loss of control over part of their own territory and the impossibility of ensuring there the human rights and freedoms provided for by the Convention.
This article is aimed at studying the European Court’s case-law and identifying trends in the application of the Convention in territories over which the states parties to the Convention, for various reasons, have lost their full power and control. The article analyzes in detail the “presumption of competence” and “the concept of limitation of liability” of states, developed by the European Court just to resolve such situations. In addition, the author highlights the theoretical and practical problems in the European Court’s case-law. In the final part of the article, possible ways of resolving the revealed contradictions are proposed.
Keywords: European Court of Human Rights, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, territorial application of the Convention, jurisdiction, territory, extraterritorial jurisdiction, “presumption of competence”, “concept of limitation of liability”, positive obligations, sovereignty.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ispolinov A. Status ogovorok v reshenijah mezhdunarodnyh sudov // Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie. 2020. # 2 (34). S.72-87.
2. Kozheurov Ja.S. «Jeffektivnyj vseobshhij kontrol'» v praktike Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka:«imperializm prav cheloveka» ili bol'shaja putanica? // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2016. # 4 (65). S. 184-193.
3. Rusinova V.N. «Jurisdikcija» i «vmenenie» v reshenijah ESPCh, svjazannyh s primeneniem Konvencii na territorii nepriznannyh gosudarstv: vzboltat', no ne smeshivat'? // Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie. 2016. # 1 (17). S.59-69.
4. Lech Garlicki Judicial law-making (the Strasbourg Court on applicability of the European Convention) //New millenium constitutionalism: paradigms of reality and challenges, NJAR publishers Erevan. Rp. 398-408.
5. Mann, F., The Doctrine of International Jurisdiction Revisited after Twenty Years (Volume 186), in: Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law, M. Nijhoff, 1985, 115 p.
6. Milanovic M.. Extraterritorial Application of Human Rights Treaties: Law, Principles, and Policy // Oxford University Press, Oxford. Oxford University Press, 2011. 304 p.
7. Mowbray A. R. The Development of Positive Obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights by the European Court of Human Rights, Hart Publishing, 2004. 255 p.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Laipanova A.A.
On the advantages and disadvantages of the 1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
In the article, the author focuses on the main advantages and disadvantages of one of the most important international legal acts in the field of women’s rights protection. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women became the International Bill of Rights for Women and proclaimed the international recognition of the new role of women in society. Despite the relevant and progressive ideas contained in the Convention, and the impact it has on the international institution for the protection of women’s rights, it is important to analyze its provisions for further modernization of the mechanism for the elimination of discrimination against women. In this regard, the author highlighted both positive and negative aspects of the document and made some suggestions for its improvement.
Keywords: discrimination, equality, stereotypes, reservations, legal status, rights and freedoms, cooperation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Polenina S. V. Prava zhenshhin v sisteme prav cheloveka: mezhdunarodnyj nacional'nyj aspekt. – M.:Jeslan, 2000.
2. Global Gender Gap Report 2020. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GGGR_2020.pdf (data obrashhenija: 11.12.2020).
3. Julie A. Minor. An analysis of structural weaknesses in the Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://digitalcommons.law.uga.edu/cgi/viewconte.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Levashova A.V., Petrova K.O., Mikhaylova E.A.
National regulation of artificial intelligence in the modern world
National regulations are regulations that affect the regulation of AI in a specific country. These may include: general documents, programs, strategies that determine the vector of development of AI technologies, as well as laws that enshrine specific provisions regarding the participation of AI in legal relations. Further, in this paper, an analysis of national regulation in foreign countries will be carried out.
Keywords: artificial intelligence, robotics, artificial intelligence legal status, national regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zhilina I. Ju. Nacional'naja strategija razvitija iskusstvennogo intellekta vo Francii // Social'nye i gumanitarnye nauki: Otechestvennaja i zarubezhnaja literatura. Ser. 2, Jekonomika: Referativnyj zhurnal. – 2020. – # 2.
2. Kashkin S. Ju. Iskusstvennyj intellekt i robototehnika: vozmozhnost' vtorzhenija v prava cheloveka i pravovoe regulirovanie jetih processov v ES i mire // Lex Russica. – 2019. – # 7 (152).
3. Komissina I. I. Sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija tehnologij iskusstvennogo intellekta v Kitae // Problemy nacional'noj strategii.– 2019. – # 1.
4. Kostjukova K. S. Politika cifrovoj transformacija Japonii na primere razvitija tehnologii iskusstvennogo intellekta // MIR (Modernizacija. Innovacii. Razvitie). – 2019. – # 4.
5. Sokolov I. A. Iskusstvennyj intellekt kak strategicheskij instrument jekonomicheskogo razvitija strany i sovershenstvovanija ee gosudarstvennogo upravlenija. Chast' 1. Opyt Velikobritanii i SShA, I. A. Sokolov, V. I. Drozhzhinov, A. N. Rajkov // International Journal of Open Information –Technologies. – 2017.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Pokrovskaia N.V.
The problem of Russia’s interaction with the WTO member states in the context of sanctions pressure
The article is devoted to the study of the key problematic aspects of Russia’s interaction with the WTO countries in the context of the sanctions policy resulting from the Ukrainian crisis. Based on the analysis of previous theoretical and empirical studies, the author identifies the main scenarios for the development of international cooperation on trade issues, identifies the key actors influencing the adoption of relevant decisions, as well as the mechanisms within which it is possible to achieve the interests of the Russian economy. The author assigns a special role in this process to economic diplomacy, which can become the key not only to an effective set of policies for the country, but also to the renewal of the global economic system.
Keywords: international economic sanctions, WTO, EU, EAEU, economic diplomacy, trade agreements, international trade, global market.
Work bibliographic list
1. Reshenie # 15 Vysshego Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo soveta «Ob Osnovnyh napravlenijah mezhdunarodnoj dejatel'nosti Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza na 2021 god» (Prinjato v g. Minske 11.12.2020) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus Prof» (data obrashhenija: 09.07.2021).
2. Isachenko T.M. Jekonomicheskaja diplomatija v uslovijah politicheskogo krizisa // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Jekonomika. 2015. # 3. S. 46-65.
3. Kuzin D.V., Barinov G.O. Jekonomicheskie sankcii kak strategicheskij biznes-risk // Sbornik po itogam provedenija Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Strategii biznesa i ih internacionalizacija». Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. M., 2020. S. 137-144.
4. Linkevich E.F., Portojan P.P., Zaborjanskaja A.A. Perspektivy torgovogo sotrudnichestva Rossii i stran ES v uslovijah primenenija vzaimnyh sankcij// CITISJe. 2020. # 2 (24). S. 336-347.
5. Loginov D.R. Vsemirnaja torgovaja organizacija kak sredstvo liberalizacii mezhdunarodnoj torgovli. Rossija v VTO: preimushhestva i nedostatki // Economics. 2016. # 7 (16). S. 81-86.
6. Maglinova T.G. Dejatel'nost' rossijskih transnacional'nyh korporacij v uslovijah jekonomicheskih sankcij // Jekonomicheskie otnoshenija. 2019. Tom 9. # 2. S. 589-596. – doi: 10.18334/eo.9.2.40807.
7. Rossija proigrala sud VTO po isku ES po bumage i holodil'nikam [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20160812/1474261981.html (data obrashhenija: 08.07.2021).
8. Spravochnaja informacija: sovershenstvovanie polozhenij Dogovora o Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://eec.eaeunion.org/comission/department/dep_razv_integr/sovershenstvovanie-polozheniy-dogovorao-eaes/spravochnaya-informatsiya.php (Data obrashhenija: 09.07.2021).
9. Mitchell, Andrew. (2017). Sanctions and the world trade organization. 10.4337/9781784713034.00021.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Yakovchuk T.V., Chernyadjeva A.S.
Some issues in the international protection of human rights in the sphere of sport
Human rights in the field of sports are analyzed in the article. The authors highlight the rights in the field of sports that have been confirmed in the law enforcement practice of the European Court of Human Rights: the right to access sports activities and physical education, the right to safe living conditions in the field of sports, the right to create sports organizations during the analysis
Keywords: human rights, sports, doping, International Charter for Physical Education, Physical Activity and Sport.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zaharova L. I. Rassmotrenie sportivnyh sporov v Evropejskom Sude po pravam cheloveka: sovremennoe sostojanie del i nekotorye perspektivy na budushhee //Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie. - 2018. - # 1 (25). - S. 90-99.
2. Grebnev R. D. Konstitucionnoe pravo na sport:sravnitel'no – pravovoe issledovanie: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.02 / Grebnev Ruslan Dmitrievich. – Moskva, 2012. – 27 s.
3. Ponkin I. V., Ponkina A. I. K voprosu o ponjatii i osobennostjah avtonomnogo vnepravovogo normativnogo porjadka v oblasti sporta // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki. - 2016. - Vyp. 1 (31). - S. 28-34.
4. Codedel’arbitrageenmatièredesport (version de 01.07.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.tas-cas.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Code_du_TAS_2020__FR_.pdf (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020).
5. ECtHR. Decision as to the admissibility (Application #38742/97). By Jorma Antikainen against Finland. Arrêt /Strasbourg. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://hudoc.echr.coe.int (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020).
6. ECtHR. Décisionrequête (Application # 38250/03) Arrêt. Strasbourg. 3 Jullet 2008. Premiéreséction. Décition. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://hudoc.echr.coe.int (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020).
7. ECtHR. Affaire Mutu et Pechstein c. Suisse (Requêtesnos 40575/10 et 67474/10) Arrêt. Strasbourg. 2 October 2018. Définitif. 04/02/2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://hudoc.echr.coe.int (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020).
8. ECtHR. Case of Enea v. Italy (Application # 74912/01). Arrêt Strasbourg 17 september 2009 / Judgment, 17/09/2009. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-94072 (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020).
9. ECtHR. Troisième sectiondécisionsur la recevabilitde la requête # 13754/02. Strasbourg 1er september 2009/ Unechambrecomposée, 1/09/2009. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-94259 (data obrashhenija: 17.12.2020).
10. ECtHR. Association de defense des interets du sport contre la France de la requête # 36178/03. Strasbourg18 janvier 2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostu-pa: http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-180276 (data obrashhenija: 17.12.2020).
11. ECtHR. Case of Chassagnou and others v. France (Applications # 25088/94, 28331/95 and 28443/95) Arrêt. Strasbourg 29 April 1999 / Judgment. 29/04/1991. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://hudoc.echr.coe.int (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020).
12. ECtHR. Affaire fédérationnationale des associations et syndicats de sportifs (fnass) et autres c. France(Requêtes # 48151/11 et 77769/13). Arrêt Strasbourg18 janvier 2018 / Définitif, 18/04/2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-180276 (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020).
13. ECtHR. Sase of FC Mretebi v. Georgia (Application # 38736/04). Arrêt. Strasbourg 24 January 2008 / Judgment of 31 July2007. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://hudoc.echr.coe.int (data obrashhenija:17.12.2020).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Abukarova M.U.
Military threats to security in the emerging system of relations of the 21st century
Russia is one of the largest countries in the world with a long history and rich cultural traditions. Despite the existing difficulties in the state itself, the rather complex international situation and in connection with the sanctions, and in general, due to a number of reasons, it can be emphasized that Russia, with its powerful military potential, scientific and technical potential, plays a key role in world processes.
Keywords: globalization processes, radical changes, powerful military potential, national power of the Russian Federation, state structure, confrontation, cooperation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Tihomirov Ju. A. Gosudarstvo: preemstvennost' i novizna // Gosudarstvo v menjajushhemsja mire: materialy VII Mezhdunarodnoj shkoly – praktikuma molodyh uchjonyh juristov. Otv. redaktor V. I. Lafitskij. - M.: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve RF, 2012.
2. Habrieva T. Ja. Otkrytie shkoly // Gosudarstvo v menjajushhemsja mire: materialy VII Mezhdunarodnoj shkoly – praktikuma molodyh uchjonyh juristov. Otv. redaktor V. I. Lafitskij. - M.: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve RF, 2012. - S. 39.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Altoukhov A.V., Kashkin S.Yu.
Artificial intelligence, platform law and prospects for forming an ecosystem for legal regulation of antimonopoly public relations
Рlatform law and artificial intelligence are considered as the basis for creating an ecosystem of
legal platforms. This ecosystem is needed for effective legal support of digital platform solutions in the interests of fair competition and prevention of monopolistic phenomena. The systematization and description of legal platforms for the purposes of antitrust activities are presented.
Keywords: antitrust legislation, Artificial Intelligence, monopoly, platform law, law, regulation,
systematization, digital platform, ecosystem.
Work bibliographic list
1. Almanov V. A. Problemy zashhity konkurencii v rossii // StudNet. – 2020. – # 9. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemy-zaschity-konkurentsii-v-rossii-1 (data obrashhenija: 27.09.2020).
2. Ermoshina E. V. Pravovoe regulirovanie konkurencii v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennogo zakonodatel'stva: materialy IV Vseros. mezhvuzovskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – M., 2016. – S. 257-263.
3. Klimenkov I. N. Nekotorye voprosy razgranichenija kompetencii po obespecheniju konkurencii mezhdu organami vnutrennih del i FAS Rossii // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2020. – # 3. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/nekotorye-voprosy-razgranicheniyakompetentsii-po-obespecheniyu-konkurentsii-mezhduorganami-vnutrennih-del-i-fas-rossii (data obrashhenija:27.09.2020).
4. Shastitko A. E., Pavlova N. S., Kashhenko N. V. Antimonopol'noe regulirovanie produktovyh jekosistem:sluchaj «AO “Laboratorija Kasperskogo” - Apple Inc.»// Upravlenec. – 2020. – # 4. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/antimonopolnoe-regulirovanie-produktovyh-ekosistemsluchay-
ao-laboratoriya-kasperskogo-apple-inc (data obrashhenija: 27.09.2020).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Volkova A.A.
The problem of compliance of regional trade agreements with WTO law
This article discusses the highly controversial issues of compliance with the WTO law of numerous regional trade agreements, the number of which has grown rapidly in recent years. Granting privileges and preferences only to the participants of such agreements is, on the one hand, a violation of the principle of non-discrimination in the WTO. On the other hand, article XXIV of the GATT allows the conclusion of such agreements, representing a kind of exception to the principle of non-discrimination, which can be used if a number of conditions provided for in this article are met. However, the practice of dispute resolution in the WTO shows that States very rarely challenge a concluded regional agreement on these grounds. The author comes to the conclusion that Article XXIV of the GATT turned out to be ineffective in practice and remains one of the most violated articles in WTO law.
Keywords: regional trade agreement, WTO law, free trade agreement, Article XXIV of GATT.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ispolinov A.S. VTO i regional'nye torgovye soglashenija ili chto nam delat' s VTO i EAJeS. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://zakon.ru/blog/2015/11/2/vto_i_regionalnye_torgovye_soglasheniya_ili_chto_nam_delat_s_vto_i_eaes.
2. Krajewski M. Services Liberalization in Regional Trade Agreements: Lessons for GATS “Unfinished Business?// Regional Trade Agreements and the WTO Legal System / ed. by Bartels L., Ortino F. – Oxford University Press, 2006.
3. Leal-Arcas R. Proliferation of Regional Trade Agreements: Complementing or Supplanting
Multilateralism? // Chicago Journal of International Law. – 2011. – Vol. 11. No. 2. – P. 597-629.
4. Mavroidis P. If I Don’t Do It, Somebody Else Will (Or Won’t): Testing the Compliance of Preferential Trade Agreements With the Multilateral Rules // Journal of World Trade. – 2006. – Vol. 40. – P. 187-214.
5. Pauwelyn J., Wolfgang A. Forget about the WTO: The network of relations between PTAs and double PTAs. 2015. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/290531920_Forget_about_the_WTO_The_network_of_relations_between_PTAs_and_double_PTAs.
6. Van den Bossche P., Zdouc W. The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization: Text, Cases and Materials (4th ed.).– Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Mamedov L.R.
The Calvo Doctrine and the principle of the exhaustion of domestic remedies
The article analyzes the role of the Calvo doctrine in the formation and development of the institution of diplomatic protection, as well as the principle of exhaustion of domestic remedies, which is one of the main principles reflected in this international legal doctrine.
When analyzing the influence of the doctrine on the development and formation of the institution of diplomatic protection, judicial practice was considered.
Keywords: diplomatic protection, the principle of exhaustion of domestic remedies, the Milligan case, the Woodruff & Flannagan case, Bradley, Clark and Associates, the Martini case.
Work bibliographic list
1. Chernichenko S. V. Teorija mezhdunarodnogo prava: v 2 tomah. T. 2. M.: NIMP, 1999.
2. Brownlie, I. Principles of Public International Law. 6th ed. /New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. P. 473.
3. Case Concerning Elettronica Sicula S.P.A. (ELSI) (United States of America v. Italy). 20 July 1989. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.icj-cij.org/public/files/case-related/76/076-19890720-JUD-01-00-EN.pdf.
4. Interhandel Case (Switzerland v. United States of America). 21 March 1959. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.icj-cij.org/public/files/case-related/34/034-19590321-JUD-01-00-EN.pdf.
 
INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
Radzhabov S.A.
Application of amnesty during armed conflicts (experience of Afghanistan and Tajikistan)
The article examines the theoretical and practical aspects of the application of amnesty to participants of armed conflicts in Afghanistan and Tajikistan. The author notes the complexity of the issue of amnesty, the insufficient development of legal mechanisms for its application in Afghanistan compared to Tajikistan, the need to develop new mechanisms based on treaty and customary law. The trend of gradual evolution of the usual prohibition of amnesty for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity is underlined. The author argues that the general duty of States to ensure the enjoyment of fundamental human rights is incompatible with impunity or general amnesty for international crimes.
Keywords: amnesty, general amnesty, self-amnesty, treaty law, customary law, opinio juris, impunity, international humanitarian law, international criminal law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zhan Mari Henkerts, Luiza Dosval'd-Bek. Obychnoe mezhdunarodnoe gumanitarnoe pravo. Tom 1. Normy.– M.: MKKK, 2006. – 820 s.
2. Zhenevskie konvencii ot 12 avgusta 1949 goda i Dopolnitel'nye protokoly k nim. – M.: MKKK, 2001.– 344 s.
3. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan «Ob obshhej amnistii», Zakon # 44, 29 avgusta 2001 g.// Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli. – 2001. – # 8. – S. 18-22.
4. Kajumova A.R. Smeshannye (gibridnye) ugolovnye tribunaly i internacionalizirovannye sudy v sisteme mezhdunarodnoj ugolovnoj justicii. – Kazan', 2008. – 65 s.
5. Konvencija o preduprezhdenii prestuplenija genocida i nakazanii za nego. Prinjata rezoljuciej 260 (III) General'noj Assamblei OON ot 9 dekabrja 1948 goda. 78 U.N.T.S. 277. Sm.: Postanovlenie Madzhlisi Namojandagon Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan «O prisoedinenii Respubliki Tadzhikistan k Konvencii o preduprezhdenii prestuplenija genocida i nakazanii za nego» 29 aprelja 2015 goda, # 58.
6. Konvencija protiv pytok i drugih zhestokih, beschelovechnyh ili unizhajushhih dostoinstvo vidov obrashhenija i nakazanija. Prinjata rezoljuciej 39/46 General'noj Assamblei ot 10 dekabrja 1984 goda. 1465 U.N.T.S. 85.
7. Konvencija o neprimenimosti srokov davnosti k voennym prestuplenijam i prestuplenijam protiv chelovechnosti. Prinjata rezoljuciej 2391 (XXIII) General'noj Assamblei OON ot 26 nojabrja 1968 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://
www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/warcrimes_limit.shtml (data obrashhenija: 04.04.2021).
8. Mezhdunarodnyj pakt o grazhdanskih i politicheskih pravah otkryt dlja podpisanija 16 dekabrja 1966g., 999 U.N.T.S. 171.
9. Mehanizmy obespechenija verhovenstva prava dlja postkonfliktnyh gosudarstv. Amnistii. Organizacija Ob"edinennyh Nacij. - N'ju-Jork i Zheneva, 2009. – 46 p. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/Amnesties_ru.pdf (data obrashhenija: 24.04.2021).
10. Prokuror MUS poluchila «dobro» na rassledovanie prestuplenij, predpolozhitel'no sovershennyh v Afganistane s maja 2003 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://news.un.org/ru/story/2020/03/1373761 (data obrashhenija: 04.04.2021).
11. Radzhabov S.A. Pravovaja ocenka konflikta v Tadzhikistane (1992-1997 gg.) // Rossijskij ezhegodnik mezhdunarodnogo prava. Special'nyj vypusk. –SPb., 2001. – S. 163-166.
12. Rimskij statut Mezhdunarodnogo ugolovnogo suda. Tekst Rimskogo statuta, rasprostranennogo v kachestve dokumenta A/CONF.183/9 ot 17 ijulja 1998 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/law/icc/ rome_statute(r).pdf (data obrashhenija: 04.04.2021).
13. Afghanistan’s National Amnesty Law (2008). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ihldatabases.icrc.org/customary-ihl/eng/docs/v2_cou_af_rule159_sectiona (data obrashhenija: 04.04.2021).
14. Diane Orentlicher, “Settling Accounts: The Duty to Prosecute Human Rights Violations of a Prior Regime,” Yale Law Journal 100, no. 8 (1991): 2537-2618.; Antonio Cassese, International Criminal Law, Oxford University Press, 2003.
15. News about Peace (Document). Compiled by professors Abdunabi Sattorzodeh and Ibrohim Usmon.– Dushanbe: Oli Somon Printing House, 1998. – 120 p.
16. OHCHR, Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States, Amnesties, HR/PUB/09/1 (2009); Ob jetom zhe govorjat i rezoljucii GA i SB. OON: The Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law, adopted by the General Assembly in 2005 (Res. 60/147); The Updated Set of Principles for the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights Through Action to Combat Impunity (2005), Security Council Res. 1674 (2006).

LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Nuriev B.D., Burdo E.P., Musazade Sh.M.
Commercial law of Turkey: structure and sources
The article analyzes the structure and sources of commercial law in Turkey, which have undergone significant modernization in recent decades. The authors touches upon the issues of systematization of commercial law as an independent branch of law. At the same time, the essential difference between commercial law and its Russian counterpart is emphasized. The Commercial Code of Turkey is analyzed separately as the main source of this branch of law. Special attention is paid to those provisions of the regulatory legal act that do not fit into the domestic tradition of understanding commercial law.
Keywords: commercial law, Turkey, structure of the branch of law, sources of the branch of law, Commercial Code, digitalization of legal relations, modernization of law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kapitanec Ju. V., Pshenichnikova N. A., Nuriv B. D. Turisticheskij sektor tureckoj jekonomiki v 1980-egg.: pravovoj diskurs // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 11. – S. 93-96.
2. Nuriev B. D. Neoosmanizm i transnacionalizm na primere turecko-irakskih otnoshenij // Vestnik Bashkirskogo universiteta. – 2014. – # 3. – S. 1030–1035.
3. Aydın U., Sütken E. Hukukun temel kavramları. – Eskişehir:Anadolu üniversitesi, 2018. – 211 s.
4. 6102 sayılı yeni Türk ticaret kanunu sempozyomu. –Ankara: Ankara barosu başkanlığı, 2011. – 88 s.
 
LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Li Na, Xu Bing
Legalization of the business environment in Heilongjiang Province (China)
The development of the business economy is, in fact, the organic unity of the legal and market economy. The rule of law is the backbone of the business environment. It is necessary to ensure impartiality and justice in all its aspects, and properly protect the legitimate rights and interests of all economic actors. This article examines the current situation of development of legalization of the business environment in Heilongjiang Province (China), analyzes the existing problems in the current business legal environment of Heilongjiang Province. Based on this, ways of optimizing the business legal environment are considered, targeted proposals are put forward for its improvement in order to stimulate the further development of the business environment and the implementation of the process of its legalization in Heilongjiang province.
Keywords: business environment, legalization, Heilongjiang province, China.
Work bibliographic list
1. 孟霁雨. 黑龙江省法治化营商环境建设面临的问题与对策 // 黑龙江省政法管理干部学院学报. – 2018. – # 6 =Mjen Czijuj. Problemy i mery protivodejstvija sozdaniju legalizovannoj delovoj sredy v provincii Hjejlunczjan // Zhurnal Hjejlunczjanskogo instituta politologii i kadrovogo menedzhmenta. – 2018.– # 6.
2. 张健. 优化营商环境要破解 « 三个不信» // 人民日报. –2017. – #3 = Chzhan Czjan'. Chtoby optimizirovat' biznes-sredu, my dolzhny preodolet' «tri neverija» // Zhjen'min' zhibao. – 2017. – # 3.
3. 张君. 浅议法治化营商环境与现代市场经济的发展 // 法制与社会. – 2020. – # 11 = Chzhan Czjun'. Kratkoe obsuzhdenie legalizovannoj delovoj sredy i razvitija sovremennoj rynochnoj jekonomiki // Pravovaja sistema i obshhestvo. – 2020. – # 11.
4. 张巍. 优化营商环境与行政执法的法治化 // 党政干部学刊. – 2017. – # 12 = Chzhan Vjej. Optimizacija delovoj sredy i verhovenstva zakona v administrativnyh pravoohranitel'nyh organah // Zhurnal dlja partijnyh i gosudarstvennyh kadrov. – 2017. – # 12.
5. 张晨. 论中国内地法治量化指标体系的构建. – 上海: 上海师范大学, 2015 = Chzhan Chen. O postroenii sistemy kolichestvennyh pokazatelej verhovenstva zakona v materikovom Kitae. – Shanhaj: Shanhajskij pedagogicheskij universitet, 2015.
6. 张盼. 我国企业营商环境法治化保障路径研究 // 人民法治. – 2018. – # 19 = Chzhan Pan'. Issledovanie putej obespechenija legalizacii delovoj sredy kitajskih predprijatij // Narodnoe verhovenstvo zakona. –2018. – # 19.
7. 曲宁. 世界银行 « 营商环境报告» 梳理及中国营商环境述评 // 商场现代化. – 2019. – #13 = Cjuj Nin. Obzor «Otcheta o delovoj srede» Vsemirnogo banka i obzor delovoj sredy Kitaja // Modernizacija torgovogo centra. – 2019. – # 13.
8. 杜宴林. 营商环境 «优化» 的本质是 «法治化» // 吉林日报.– 2018. -# 3 = Du Jan'lin'. Sut' «optimizacii» delovoj sredy – jeto «verhovenstvo zakona» // Czilin' Daily. – 2018. – # 3.
9. 杨海全. 助力优化营商环境跑出 «加速度» – «黑龙江省优化营商环境条例» 出台侧记 // 党的生活. – 黑龙江, 2019.– # 1 = Jan Hajcjuan'. Pomoshh' v «uskorenii» optimizacii delovoj sredy – ocenka «Postanovlenija ob optimizacii delovoj sredy v provincii Hjej-lunczjan» // Partijnaja zhizn'. – Hjejlunczjan, 2019.– # 1.
10. 王婉怡. 优化营商环境的法治保障 // 商场现代化. – 2018.– #17 = Van Van'i. Pravovaja garantija optimizacii delovoj sredy // Modernizacija torgovli. –2018. – # 17.
11. 赵树文. 雄安新区营商环境法治化建设研究 // 河北科技大学学报 (社会科学版). – 2018. – #3 = Chzhao Shuvjen'. Issledovanie pravovogo regulirovanija delovoj sredy v Novom rajone Sjun"an' // Zhurnal Hjebjejskogo universiteta nauki i tehnologij. Ser.: Obshhestvennye nauki. – 2018. – # 3.
12. 赵莎. 当前法治营商环境建设的对策研究 // 中国商论. –2019. – # 1 = Chzhao Sha. Issledovanie mer protivodejstvija sozdaniju delovoj sredy v uslovijah verhovenstva zakona // Kitajskij biznes. – 2019. – # 1.
13. 马太建. 打造法治化营商环境 // 唯实. – 2016. – # 6 = Ma Tajczjan'. Sozdajte biznes-sredu, upravljaemuju zakonom // Verhovenstvo zakona. – 2016. – # 6.
14. 魏建国. 以法治文化建设助力优化营商环境 // 黑龙江日报. – 2019. -# 1 = Vjej Czjan'go. Postroenie kul'tury verhovenstva zakona v celjah podderzhki optimizacii delovoj sredy // Ezhednevnaja gazeta provincii Hjejlunczjan. – 2019.- # 1.
15. 魏红征. 法治化营商环境评价指标体系研究. – 广州: 华南理工大学, 2019 = Vjej Hunchzhjen. Issledovanie sistemy pokazatelej ocenki legalizovannoj delovoj sredy. – Guanchzhou: Juzhno-Kitajskij tehnologicheskij universitet, 2019.
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Rahimi F.
President and science (The role of the Founder of Peace and National Unity – the Leader of the Nation, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, respected Emomali Rahmon in the development of Tajik science)
The article is devoted to the role of the Founder of Peace and National Unity - the Leader of the Nation, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, respected Emomali Rahmon in the development of Tajik science. On the basis of numerous factor data, the author convincingly demonstrates the active role of the Leader of the Nation, President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon in the restoration and further development of Tajik science. Particularly emphasized is his legislative initiatives aimed at financing scientific research and the development of Tajikistan’s state policy in the field of science, which was aimed at protecting, preserving and developing the main center of Tajik science - the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, as a result of which science, along with education, became one from the national and strategic priorities of the country.
Keywords: President, science, scientific research, National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, strategic priorities.
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Mahmudzoda M.A.
Development and adoption of the Constitution of sovereign Tajikistan
The article researches the constitutional reform and the adoption of the first Constitution of sovereign Tajikistan. Also, it shows the features and role of the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan on the formation of a democratic and legal state. In the draft Constitution, along with the concept of a democratic state based on the rule of law and a secular state, the idea of introducing the principle of a social state was also presented. Modern ideas about the supremacy of human and civil rights were implemented in the project. The adoption of the new Constitution of independent Tajikistan required the creation of an effective legal system of government. State structures, the judicial system and the protection of public order were reorganized in accordance with the requirements of the new Constitution.
Keywords: Constitution, constitutional reform, Constitutional Court, democratic and legal state, sovereignty.
Work bibliographic list
1. Doklad Prezidenta Respubliki Tadzhikistan, uvazhaemogo Jemomali Rahmona // Materialy mezhdunarodnoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj 20-letiju obrazovanija Konstitucionnogo suda Respubliki Tadzhikistan na temu «Konstitucionnoe pravosudie – garant obespechenija verhovenstva Konstitucii». – Dushanbe, 2015. – S. 307.
2. Zajavlenie Predsedatelja Verhovnogo Soveta Respubliki Tadzhikistan Jemomali Rahmona // Narodnaja gazeta. – 1992. – # 32.
3. Mahmudzoda M., Rol' Konstitucija Respubliki Tadzhikistan v sozdanie demokraticheskogo, pravovogo, svetskogo i unitarnogo gosudarstvo // Њajot va ќonun (na tadzh. jaz). – Dushanbe, 2014. – # 4 – S. 178.
4. Obrashhenie Predsedatelja Verhovnogo Soveta Respubliki Tadzhikistan Jemomali Rahmona k narodu Tadzhikistana // Narodnaja gazeta. – 1992. – # 20.
5. Politicheskaja zajavlenija Predsedatelja Verhovnogo Soveta Respubliki Tadzhikistan Jemomali Rahmona na XVIII sessii Verhovnogo Soveta Respubliki Tadzhikistan // Gazeta «Sadoi mardum». – 1994. – # 143 (624).
6. Rahmon Jemomali., «Nezavisimost' Tadzhikistana i vozrozhdenie nacii» // Tom Pervyj. – Dushanbe:«Irfon», 2006.
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Rakhimzoda M.Z.
Modern legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan: formation, state and prospects
The article considers the formation, position and development prospects of modern legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan over the years of independence. The individual stages of the formation of legislation and the problems that have arisen are analyzed, the ways of improving and the prospects for its development are outlined.
Keywords: law, legal system, legislation, stages of legislation development, independence, formation, perspective.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan, 1999 g., # 6, st. 153; 1999 g., # 12, st. 323.
2. Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan, 2003 g., # 12, st. 682.
3. Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan, 2009 g., # 3, st. 99; 2010 g., #3, st. 152; 2011 g., # 6, st. 442.
4. Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan, 2017 g., # 5, ch. 1, st. 271; Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan ot 19.07.2019 g., # 1632.
5. Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan,1998 g., # 12, st.688.
6. Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan,1998 g., # 23-24. st. 320.
7. Vedomosti Verhovnogo Soveta Respubliki Tadzhikistan, 1992 g., # 23, st. 323; # 728.
8. ezhednevnaja gazeta «Sadoi mardum», 9 nojabrja 2009g., # 128 (2504).
9. Koncepcija prognoza razvitija zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Tadzhikistan na 2012-2015 gg. - Dushanbe, 2011.
10. Rahimov M. Z. Razvitie zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Tadzhikistan v period nezavisimosti // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. - 2013. - # 2 (194).
11. Rahimov M. Z., Ne"matov A. R. Zakonodatel'naja tehnika. - Dushanbe, 2016.
12. Sotivoldiev R. Sh. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. - Dushanbe, 2008.
13. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://mmk.Tj/Gouerhment-programs/concept/jinoyat.
14. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http:www.mts.tj/ru/index (data obrashhenija: 10.04.2021 g.).
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Zoir J.M.
Constitutional development of the Tajik statehood as a factor of formation of post-soviet geopolitical and legal space
This article examines the legal statement of the collapse of the USSR and the formation of new sovereign states in the post-Soviet space. Against this background, even within the framework of the legally existing USSR, in fact a new national statehood of the union republics began to take shape. In the base of collapse of the USSR and the formation of the present post-Soviet space, among other reasons, there are also reasons rooted from the base of national and geopolitics of the Soviet Union. The artificially “well-built” territory of the Soviet empire was kept by a strong center for many years. The article also examines the features of constitutional and legal regulation and separation of powers in the mechanism of state governance in a separate independent state.
Keywords: USSR, post-Soviet space, sovereign national states, constitutionalism, constitutional structure, statehood, power, democracy, state power, political power, separation of powers, the phenomenon of power.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Respubliki Tadzhikistan 1994 goda s izm. dop. 1999, 2003, 2016. – Izd. Gandzh, 2016.
2. Avtorhanov A. Imperija Kremlja. – M., 1989.
3. Argumenty i fakty. – 1993. – # 7.
4. Avak'jan S. A. Konstitucija Rossii: priroda, jevoljucija, sovremennost'. – M.: SAShKO, 2000.
5. Vishnjakov V. G., Pjatkina S. A. Nekotorye aspekty obshhego i osobennogo v novyh konstitucijah gosudarstv Sodruzhestva // Sravnitel'nyj obzor zakonodatel'stva gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG. Informacionnyj sbornik. – M., 1995. – Ch. I.
6. Vedomosti S"ezda narodnyh deputatov RSFSR i Verhovnogo Soveta RSFSR. – 1990. – # 2.
7. Vedomosti Verhovnogo Soveta Tadzhikskoj SSR. –1990. – # 15.
8. Vedomosti S"ezda ND RSFSR i VS RSFSR. – 1990.– # 4.
9. Vedomosti Verhovnogo Soveta Tadzhikskoj SSR. –1991. – # 12.
10. Vedomosti VS RT. – 1994. – # 13.
11. Vedomosti Verhovnogo Soveta Respublika Tadzhikistan. – 1991. – # 18.
12. Zakon RT ot 9.09.91 g. # 393 «O vnesenii izmenenij i dopolnenij v Konstituciju (Osnovnoj Zakon) Respubliki Tadzhikistan» // Vedomosti VS RT. – 1991.– # 18. – St. 240.
13. Zakon RT ot 10.09.91 g. «Ob izm. Naim. Tadzhikskoj SSR» Vedomosti VS RT. – 1991. – # 18.
14. Zakon SSSR ot 20.12.89 g. # 963-I «Ob izmenenijah i dopolnenijah Konstitucii (Osnovnogo Zakona) SSSR po voprosam izbiratel'noj sistemy» // Vedomosti SND i VS SSSR. – 1989. – # 28.
15. Zakon SSSR ot 14.03.90 g. # 1360-I «Ob uchrezhdenii posta Prezidenta SSSR i vnesenii izmenenij i dopolnenij v Konstituciju (Osnovnoj Zakon) SSSR»// Vedomosti SND i VS SSSR. – 1990. – # 12.
16. Zakon SSSR ot 26.12.90 g. # 1861-I «Ob izmenenijah i dopolnenijah Konstitucii (Osnovnogo Zakona) SSSR v svjazi s sovershenstvovaniem sistemy gosudarstvennogo upravlenija» // Vedomosti SND i VS SSSR. – 1991. – # 1.
17. Ob itogah referenduma o prinjatii Konstitucii (Osnovnogo zakona) RT 1994 g. Soobshhenie Central'noj izbiratel'noj komissii po vyboram i referendumu RT // Chumhurijat. – 1994. – 12 nojabrja.
18. Postanovlenie VS RT ot 9.11.90 g. # 390 «O vnesenii izmenenij i dopolnenij v Deklaraciju o suverenitete Respubliki Tadzhikistan» // Vedomosti VS RT.– 1991. – #18.
19. Postanovlenie VS RT ot 9.11.90 g. # 392 «O provozglashenii gosudarstvennoj nezavisimosti Respubliki Tadzhikistan» // Vedomosti VS RT. – 1991. – #18. St. 239.
20. Soglashenie o sozdanii Sodruzhestva Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv (Minsk, 8 dekabrja 1991 g.) // Sodruzhestvo. Informacionnyj vestnik Soveta glav gosudarstv i Soveta glav pravitel'stv SNG. – 1992. – # 1.
21. Imomov A. I. Ukreplenie gosudarstvennosti i sozdanie grazhdanskogo obshhestva v Tadzhikistane. – Dushanbe, 2003.
22. Konstitucionnoe (gosudarstvennoe) pravo zarubezhnyh stran. Obshhaja chast'. T. 1–2 / Otv. red. B. A. Strashun. – M., 1996.
23. Lenin V. I. Poln. sobr. soch. T. 17. – M., 1968.
24. Svod zakonov Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe,  2002. – T. I.
25. Spektorskij E. V. Chto takoe konstitucija? – M., 1917.
26. Tihonov V. «Smertel'nyj gambit» nacional'noj politiki // Nezavisimaja gazeta. – 1992. – 7 fevr.
27. Kapustin B. Gigantskij mahovik raspada // Nezavisimaja gazeta. – 1992. – 13 fevr.
28. Volkogonov D. Svecha Rossii // Rossijskaja gazeta. –1992. – 1 apr.
29. Shahraj S. 10 det Konstitucii Rossii: mify i fakty // Argumenty i fakty. – 2003. – # 50.
30. Chantedout B. Droit constitutijnnen et science politique.– 1986.
31. Yoichi H. Le constituonalism. Japanese Reports for the XIIIth International Congress of Comparative Law. –Tokio, 1991.
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Ibrokhimov S.I.
Administrative law and public administration of the Republic of Tajikistan in conditions of state independence
The article is devoted to the development of administrative law and public administration in the Republic of Tajikistan over the years of independence. It is noted that scientific articles with thematic reviews, as well as extensive monographic studies, in which national authors tried to move away from the state-management approach of administration, known as the method of centralized state leadership, referred to as administrative-command system. Administrative and legal studies relied on a regulatory approach to public administration, which is the most correct methodological approach to building a national model of modern public administration. At the same time, the author connects the development of national administrative law with the improvement of legislation in the field of public administration and with scientific research on topical topics of the institutions of modern administrative law and administrative process.
Keywords: administrative law, public administration, administrative procedures, administrative process, administrative proceedings, state administration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Azija-Pljus. – 2004. – 23 sentjabrja.
2. Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan.– 2007. – # 3. – St. 166. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: CPBI «Adlija-7V», http://Prezident.tj/ru/node/5654.
3. Galligan D., Poljanskij V. V., Starilov Ju. N. Administrativnoe pravo: istorija razvitija i osnovnye sovremennye koncepcii. – M.: Jurist", 2007.
4. Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie: osnovy teorii i organizacii. Uchebnik. V 2 t. T. 1 / pod red. V. A. Kazbanenko. – M., 2000.
5. Zelencov A. B., Nemytina M. V. Publichnye interesy i proizvodnye ot nih juridicheskie konstrukcii //Vestnik RUDN. Serija: Juridicheskie nauki. – 2018.– T. 22. – # 4.
6. Ibragimov S. I. Zakonnost' kak sposob povyshenija kachestva gosudarstvennogo upravlenija // Akademicheskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 2 (30).
7. Kozlov Ju. M. Administrativnoe pravo. – M., 2005.
8. Kozlov Ju. M. Predmet sovetskogo administrativnogo prava. – M.: Izd. Moskovskogo universiteta,1967.
9. Kurashvili B. P. Ocherki teorii gosudarstvennogo upravlenija. – M., 1987.
10. Kuhtin V. S., Kuljukina A. D. Soderzhanie i sushhnost' gosudarstvennogo upravlenija. – Sistemnye tehnologii. – 2017. – # 24.
11. Lazarev B. M. Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie na jetape perestrojki. – M., 1989.
12. Ohunov B. H. Institucional'nyj podhod k gosudarstvennomu upravleniju // Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie. –2018. – # 4.
13. Popov G. H. Blesk i nishheta administrativnoj sistemy. – M., 1990.
14. Razzokov B. H. Gosudarstvennaja administracija Tadzhikistana na rubezhe vekov. – Dushanbe, 2011.
15. Razzokov B. H. Gosudarstvennoe upravlenii v RT. –Dushanbe: «Irfon», 2007.
16. Razzokov B. H. Organizacija ispolnitel'noj vlasti Respubliki Tadzhikistan: problemy teorii, zakonodatel'stva, praktiki. – Dushanbe, 2015.
17. Rossinskij B. V. Ispolnitel'naja vlast' i gosudarstvennoe upravlenie // LEX RUCCICA. – 2018. – # 7 (140).
18. Sovetskoe administrativnoe pravo // A. P. Alehin, P. T. Vasilenkov, Ju. M. Kozlov (i dr.); pod red. Ju.M. Kozlova. – M.: Jurid. Lit., 1973.
19. Soobshhenija Nacional'nogo Informacionnogo Agentstva (NIAT) «Hovar» // Narodnaja gazeta. – 2013.– 21 nojabrja.
20. Sharipova Sh. M. Sovershenstvovanie upravlenija organov mestnogo samoupravlenija na primere dzhamoatov Sogdijskoj oblasti // Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie. –2018. – # 4.
21. Jerkaev S. A. Usovershenstvovanie processa gosudarstvennogo upravlenija i ego sodejstvie razvitiju Respubliki Tadzhikistan // Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie. – 2018. – # 4.
22. Jusupova V. A. Filosofija administrativnogo prava. – Volgograd, 2009.
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Imomov A.
The current stage of development
of the constitutional legal institutions in the Republic of Tajikistan
As the national branches of law strengthen and develop, new legal institutions are formed. Especially in the process of creating new foundations of the constitutional system, determining the constitutional and legal status of a person and a citizen, the basic principles, procedure for the organization and activities of state authorities and local self-government bodies, the institutions of constitutional law of the Republic of Tajikistan have developed. The traditional institutions of constitutional law (the sovereignty of the people, the sovereignty of the state, forms of democracy, citizenship, etc.) were improved. New constitutional and legal institutions emerged (legal and secular essence of the state, presidential form of government, separation of powers, bicameral structure of parliament, constitutional review). A completely new institution of the constitutional law of the Republic of Tajikistan: “The Founder of Peace and National Unity – the Leader of the Nation” is acquiring a solid constitutional and legal basis. All these circumstances sharpen the attention of researchers to the problem of the place and significance of constitutional institutions, law in the structure of the branch and the norms of constitutional law of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Keywords: constitutional law, branches, sub-branches, institutions, norms, complex, the Founder of peace and national unity – the Leader of the nation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avak'jan S. A. Gosudarstvenno-pravovye instituty. Ponjatie i formirovanie // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1977. – # 2. – S. 19-25.
2. Avak'jan S. A. Konstitucionnoe pravo Rossii. Uchebnyj kurs. 2-e izd. – M., 2007.
3. Alimov S. Ju., Dinorshoev A. M., Salohitdinova S.M. Konstitucionnoe pravo Respubliki Tadzhikistan. Uchebnik. – Dushanbe, 2017.
4. Andreeva G. N. Konstitucionnoe pravo zarubezhnyh stran. Uchebnik. – M., 2005.
5. Baglaj M.V. Konstitucionnoe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii. Uchebnik. 7-e izd. – M., 2008.
6. Imomov A. Konstitucionnoe pravo Respubliki Tadzhikistan. Uchebnik dlja vuzov. Na tadzh. jazyke. Chetvertoe izdanie. – Dushanbe, 2017.
7. Kozlova E. I., Kutafin O. E. Konstitucionnoe pravo Rossii. Uchebnik. – M., 2002.
8. Konstitucionnoe pravo Respubliki Kazahstan. Uchebnik / Sostavitel' prof. A. T. Ashheulov. – Almaty: KazGJuA, 2001.
9. Kutafin O. E. Predmet konstitucionnogo prava. –M., 2001.
10. Malinovskij V. A. LIDER: prezidentskaja vlast' v Kazahstane na rubezhe jepoh. Monografija. – Astana, 2012.
11. Obshhaja teorija prava. Uchebnik / Pod red. prof. A. S. Pigolkina. 2-e izd. – M., 1996.
12. Populjarnyj juridicheskij jenciklopedicheskij slovar' / Red. kollegija O. E. Kutafin, V. A. Tumanov, I. V. Shmarov. – M., 2000.
13. Sovetskoe gosudarstvennoe pravo. Uchebnik / Pod red. prof. S. S. Kravchuka. – M., 1985.
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Iskandarov Q.
The role of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon in the repatriation of refugees from Afghanistan
In this article, the author analyzes the process of repatriation of Tajik refugees from Afghanistan and internally displaced persons during the civil conflict (1992-1997). Special attention is paid to the contribution of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon to the repatriation of refugees. The author comes to the conclusion that during the analyzed period, both in Tajikistan and in Afghanistan, there were many opponents of the return of refugees. The President of the Republic of Tajikistan personally met with representatives of the refugees, addressed the refugees directly and by force of persuasion achieved the repatriation of the refugees to their places of permanent residence. At the same time, the role of President Emomali Rahmon in creating the legal framework for the repatriation of refugees is revealed. The article also notes the role of international organizations, especially the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees in the repatriation of refugees in providing them with humanitarian assistance.
Keywords: refugees, repatriation, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, displaced persons, General Directorate for Refugees, amnesty.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abdulhaev R. Istorija migracii v Tadzhikistane (1924-2000 gody). – Dushanbe, 2009.
2. Bezhency i vynuzhdennye pereselency // Bezhency i vynuzhdennye pereselency. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://caa-network.org.
3. Bezhency tadzhikskoj vojny: umiraja doma i na chuzhbine. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://caa-network.org/archives/9236.
4. Dostiev A. Zvezda-pobeditel'. – Dushanbe: Matbuot, 2006.
5. Zuhurov Sh. Prezident naroda – moj Prezident //Jemomali Rahmonov: Edinstvo, mir i sozidanie, nasha cel'. – Dushanbe: Irfon, 2000.
6. Otchet po chelovecheskomu razvitiju. 1995. – Bishkek:PROON, 1995.
7. Poslanie Prezidenta Respubliki Tadzhikistan predstaviteljam Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan, 27 aprelja 2000 g. // Jemomali Rahmonov:Edinstvo, mir i sozidanie, nasha cel'. – Dushanbe:Irfon, 2000.
8. Rahmonov Jemomali. Aktual'noe interv'ju. Gosudarstvo vozroditsja blagodarja edinstvu // Jemomali Rahmonov. Nezavisimost' Tadzhikistana i vozrozhdenie nacii. Tom pervyj. – Dushanbe: Irfon, 2006.
9. Rahmonov Jemomali. Zajavlenie Predsedatelja Verhovnogo Soveta Respubliki Tadzhikistan, 31 dekabrja 1992 g.
10. Rahmonov Jemomali. Obrashhenie k sootechestvennikam, nahodjashhimsja za predelami Tadzhikistana, 16 janvarja 1994 g. // Jemomali Rahmonov. Nezavisimost' Tadzhikistana i vozrozhdenie nacii. Tom pervyj. –Dushanbe: Irfon, 2006.
11. Rahmonov Jemomali. Obrashhenie Predsedatelja Verhovnogo Coveta Respubliki Tadzhikistana narodu Tadzhikistana, 12 dekabrja 1992 g. // Jemomali Rahmonov. Nezavisimost' Tadzhikistana i vozrozhdenie nacii. Tom pervyj. – Dushanbe: Irfon, 2006.
12. Rahmonov Jemomali. Po puti nezavisimosti. Doklad na torzhestvennom sobranii, posvjashhennom chetvertoj godovshhine nezavisimosti Respubliki Tadzhikistan sentjabr' 1995 g. // Jemomali Rahmonov. Nezavisimost' Tadzhikistana i vozrozhdenie nacii. Tom pervyj. – Dushanbe: Irfon, 2006.
13. Rashidova U. M. Istoricheskij opyt reshenija problemy bezhencev i vnutrennih pereselencev v Respublike Tadzhikistan (1992-2007 gg.). Avtoref. dis.… kand. ist. nauk. – Dushanbe, 2011.
14. Usmonov I. Mirostroitel'stvo v Tadzhikistane. – Dushanbe, 2006.
15. Hoҷazoda A. Istorija tadzhikskogo radio. – Dushanbe, 2006.
16. Jemomali Rahmonov. Edinstva, mir i sozidanie –nasha cel'. – Dushanbe: Irfon, 2000.
17. Jemomali Rahmonov. Nezavisimost' Tadzhikistana i vozrozhdenie nacii. Tom pervyj. – Dushanbe: Irfon, 2006.
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Islamov S.I., Subkhonov A.I., Islomov H.S.
Formation of the demographic science –a product of the state independence of the Republic
of Tajikistan (Tajikistan’s experience of demographic policy)
In Central Asia, including the Republic of Tajikistan, there were no serious Programs for the implementation of demographic policy. Such a program was first prepared and implemented in practice in 2003-2015 in the Republic of Tajikistan.
In-depth demographic research was not carried out and there was no scientific subdivision in the Republic of Tajikistan. Hence the demographic literacy of the population was very low.
Institute of demography created on the initiative of the Founder of Peace and Accord President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon which headed the development of the Concept of state demographic policy of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2003 – 2015, played a key role in increasing the initiative of the population to address measures of demographic policy.
This article is devoted to the experience of Tajikistan in conducting demographic policy and its achievements, which can be used by other countries like Tajikistan with a high rate of natural population growth.
Keywords: demography, demographic policy, concept, demographic policy program, institute of demography, research experience, law, experience in organizing scientific demographic research, prospects.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Koncepcija gosudarstvennoj demograficheskoj politiki Respubliki Tadzhikistan na 2003-2015 gody» – Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Respubliki Tadzhikistan ot 6 maja 2002 goda, # 201.
2. Otchet o realizacii Postanovlenija Pravitel'stva Respubliki Tadzhikistan ot 6 maja 2002 goda, # 201 i 31 dekabrja 2002, # 501 za 2003-2015 gody / Sijosati demografii Љumњurii Toљikiston baroi solњoi 2003-2015. – Dushanbe, 2017.
3. «Programma realizacii Koncepcii gosudarstvennoj demograficheskoj politiki Respubliki Tadzhikistan na 2003-2015 gody» – Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Respubliki Tadzhikistan ot 31 dekabrja 2002 goda, # 501.
4. Rahmon Je. Planirovanie sem'i – garantija ustojchivogo razvitija obshhestva. / Vystuplenie na respublikanskom aktive 20 fevralja. – Dushanbe, 2002.
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Nematov A.R.
Systematization of economic legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan
The dynamic development of the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan once again raised the issue of systematization of the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan before legal scholars and legal practitioners. Among them, the systematization of economic legislation acquired a great scientific discussion. Economic legislation occupies most of the entire system of legislation of the republic and is most systematized. The expansion of economic relations and mass law-making in this area determined the need to bring it into the system. Considering that the concept of economic legislation is a systemically important concept and includes a number of relatively
independent industries or legislative complexes, it is necessary to choose the optimal and effective forms of systematization of economic legislation. In the present article, the author has attempted to express his position on this issue.
Keywords: legislation, economic legislation, systematization of the legislation, codification, incorporation, consolidation, accounting of regulations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bajmahanov M.T. Pravotvorchestvo i svjazannye s nim nauchno-organizacionnye tehnologii // Pravo v sovremennom belorusskom obshhestve / Gl. red. V.I. Semenkov. – Minsk, 2011. – Vyp. 6. – S. 20.
2. Bahvalov S.V. Konsolidacija pravovyh aktov: otdel'nye aspekty tehnologicheskogo tipa // Sistematizacija zakonodatel'stva v Rossii (istoriko-pravovye, teoretiko-metodologicheskie i tehniko-juridicheskie problemy) / Pod red. V.M. Baranova, V.G. Grafskogo, S.V. Kodana. – N. Novgorod, 2008. – S. 339-342.
3. Ioffe O.S. Ponjatie i sistema hozjajstvennogo zakonodatel'stva // Sistematizacija hozjajstvennogo zakonodatel'stva / Otv. red. professor S.N. Bratus'. – M., 1971. – S. 48-86.
4. Koreckij V.I. Voprosy sistemy Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Tadzhikskoj SSR // Voprosy kodifikacii zakonodatel'stva Tadzhikskoj SSR. Trudy jurid. f-ta TGU im. V.I. Lenina. – Stalinabad, 1967. – Vyp. 7. – S. 23-45.
5. Medvedev D.A. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossii – ego rol' v razvitii rynochnoj jekonomiki i sozdanii pravovogo gosudarstva // Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava. – 2007. – # 2. Tom.7. – M. – S. 16-17.
6. Mengliev Sh.M. Grazhdanskomu kodeksu Respubliki Tadzhikistan 10 let // 10 let Grazhdanskomu kodeksu Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe, 2010. – S. 5-13.
7. Mickevich A.V. Obshhie problemy sistematizacii hozjajstvennogo zakonodatel'stva // Sistematizacija hozjajstvennogo zakonodatel'stva / Otv. red. professor S.N. Bratus'. – M., «Juridicheskaja literatura», 1971. – 262 s.
8. Rahimov M.Z. Pravovye osnovy regulirovanija predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti i rynochnoj jekonomiki // Aktual'nye problemy razvitija zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Tadzhikistan: istorija i sovremennost'. – Dushanbe, 2005. – # 5. – S. 100.
9. Shokirov G.A. Sistematizacija zakonodatel'stva Tadzhikistana: teorija i praktika: Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Dushanbe, 2011.
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Rahimzoda Sh.
Economy of Tajikistan: state and development prospects
The article examines the development of the economy of the Republic of Tajikistan in the years of independence, examines the factors that influenced its decline and growth in certain periods. An assessment of the state of the country’s economy in certain periods of its development is given on the basis of changes in such economic indicators as GDP growth, GDP per capita, inflation, external debt, the share of external debt in GDP.
In the end, it is proposed to take measures to attract domestic resources to further finance the needs of the economy, continue reforms, reduce the volume of cash in circulation, increase the role of banks and credit, and increase the level of monetization of the economy.
Keywords: development, GDP growth, GDP per capita, inflation, external debt, share of external debt in GDP, money supply, cash, monetization, commercial banks, remittance.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kajumov N. K. Strategicheskie prioritety uglublenija jekonomicheskih preobrazovanij // Jekonomika Tadzhikistana: strategija razvitija. — Dushanbe, 1998. – # 1. – S. 35-45.
2. Kajumov N. K., Nazarov T. N., Mahmudov I. I., Rahimov R. K., Umarov H. U. Globalizacionnye processy i jekonomicheskie problemy Tadzhikistana // Jekonomika Tadzhikistana: strategija razvitija. — Dushanbe, 2003. – # 4. — S. 5-64.
3. Komilov S. D., Kajumov N. K., Nurmahmadov M. N. Strategija dvizhenija k rynochnoj jekonomike. Vyp.2.– Dushanbe: «Irfon», 1998. – 186 s.
4. Nacional'naja strategija razvitija Respubliki Tadzhikistan na period do 2030 goda. – Dushanbe: OOO «Kontrast», 2016. – 86 s.
5. Razykov V. A., Rahimov Sh. M., Safarov S. G. Investicionnaja politika Respubliki Tadzhikistan i osnovnye napravlenija ee aktivizacii. – Dushanbe:«Sarparast», 2001. – 176 s.
6. Rahimzoda Sh., Hasanov R. F. Industrializacija i industrial'no-agrarnaja model' razvitija jekonomiki // Tadzhikistan i sovremennyj mir. – 2019. – # 1(64). – S. 130-136.
7. Rahimov R. K. Jekonomicheskij rost: problemy i mehanizmy reshenija. // Jekonomika Tadzhikistana: strategija razvitija. – Dushanbe, 2004. – # 2. – S. 59-76.
8. Social'no-jekonomicheskoe polozhenie Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe: Agentstvo po statistike pri Prezidente Respubliki Tadzhikistan, publikacii 2007 – 2020 gg.
9. Statisticheskij Ezhegodnik Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe: Agentstvo po statistike pri Prezidente Respubliki Tadzhikistan, publikacii 1997-2020 gg.
10. Statisticheskij ezhegodnik Respubliki Tadzhikistan-2020. Agentstvo po statistike pri Prezidente Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe: OOO «ToRus», 2020. – 495 s.
11. Jenciklopedijai sovetii tochik. – Dushanbe: Sarredakcijai ilmii JeST, 1987. – 569 s.
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Saidmurodov L.H.
Strategic goals and principles of development of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period up to 2030
The choice of strategic goals and principles for the development of the Republic of Tajikistan in the period of 30 years of independent development is largely related to the achieved level of constitutional law, which determines the economic and political activity in the country during the period of building a sovereign state. The Republic of Tajikistan went through a difficult political period and was moving to the market in a broken economy. One of the most difficult problems was the issue of overcoming the crisis, the choice of methods of managing the economy of an independent state, as well as the definition of strategic goals and principles of development.
Keywords: state independence, strategic goals, principles of development, economic transformations, national development strategies, prevention, industriality, innovation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Jemomali Rahmon. Vystuplenie na torzhestvah po sluchaju 22-j godovshhiny gosudarstvennoj nezavisimosti Respubliki Tadzhikistan. 09.09.2013.
2. Vystuplenie Jemomali Rahmona na vstreche s intelligenciej. 19.03.1997 g.
3. Bobozoda G.Dzh. Sovremennyj mirovoj finansovyj krizis i ego vlijanie na jekonomiku Respubliki Tadzhikistan. Dushanbe. 2009. 164 s.
4. Finansovo-jekonomicheskie mehanizmy regulirovanija krizisov. Materialy respublikanskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii ot 5 ijunja 2009 goda. Dushanbe. 2009. 319 s.
5. Poslanie Prezidenta Respubliki Tadzhikistan, Lidera nacii uvazhaemogo Jemomali Rahmona Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan «Ob osnovnyh napravlenijah vnutrennej i vneshnej politiki respubliki». 26.01.2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.prezident.tj.
6. Respublika Tadzhikistan na puti k otkrytoj jekonomike: ocherki jekonometricheskogo analiza. Pod redakciej chl-korr. ANRT Saidmurodova L.H. Dushanbe. 2018. 184 s.
7. Rahimov R.K. Problemy razvitija perehodnoj jekonomiki Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe.: OOO «Torus», 2012.
 
LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Haydarov R.J.
President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon and his role in shaping of the international image of the state
The article analyzes the political activities of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan and his initiatives, which influenced the formation of a positive image of Tajikistan in the international arena. The author examines the main international initiatives of Emomali Rahmon, which were aimed at achieving peace, political stability, economic prosperity both in Tajikistan and beyond.
Keywords: Republic of Tajikistan, polycentrism, international relations, international image.
Work bibliographic list
1. Barotov I. I. Povyshenie mezhdunarodnogo imidzha gosudarstva v uslovijah izmenjajushhegosja mira (na primere Respubliki Tadzhikistan): Avtoref. dis.… kand. polit. nauk. – Dushanbe, 2020.
2. Burstin D. Imidzh. - M.: Izdat, 1993.
3. Nazarshoeva S. F. Politika Respubliki Tadzhikistan po formirovaniju mezhdunarodnogo imidzha strany i osobennosti ego vosprijatija v Rossii // Dnevnik Altajskoj shkoly politicheskih issledovanij. – 2017. – # 33.
4. Rustam Hajdarov, politolog: «Jemomali Rahmon svoimi konstruktivnymi idejami v sfere mezhdunarodnogo vodopol'zovanija povysil mezhdunarodnyj imidzh ne tol'ko Tadzhikistana, no i vsej Central'noj Azii»». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.news.taj.su/?p=9514???history=19&pfid=1&sample=35&ref=2 (data obrashhenija: 13.08.2021)[Interv'ju Hajdarova R. Dzh Nacional'nomu informacionnomu agentstvu Tadzhikistana «Hovar» 30 marta 2018 g.].
5. Hajdarov R. Dzh. Nacional'noe edinstvo - sovremennyj kod tadzhikistancev. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.khovar.tj/rus/2019/06/natsionalnoe-edinstvo-sovremennyjkod-tadzhikistantsev-tak-schitaet-politolog-doktorfilosofskih-nauk-rustam-hajdarov/ (data obrashhenija:13.08.2021).
6. Hajdarov R. Dzh. Patriotizm i edinstvo – jeto strezhnevye sostavnye chasti nacional'noj idei Tadzhikistana. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.khovar.tj/rus/2021/06/patriotizmi-edinstvo-eto-sterzhnevye-sostavnye-chastinatsionalnoj-
idei-tadzhikistana-ekspert-niat-hovarotvechaet-rossijskomu-uchenomu/ (data obrashhenija:
13.08.2021).
7. Jeshonkulova L. Nagrada prezidenta - nagrada vsego tadzhikskogo naroda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.narodnaya.tj/index.php? option=com_content&view= article&id=14008:2021-08-12-06-38-42&catid=46:novosti (data obrashhenija: 13.08.2021).
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Shuvalov I.I.
The legal regime of anti-Russian sanctions and retaliatory measures of the Russian Federation
The article examines the legal basis of the sanctions imposed by the EU, the US and Canada against Russia and the response measures taken. The EU sanctions regime is less flexible than the similar regime established, in particular, by the United States – it can be partially modified by changing the annexes to the Regulations, but the main part of rules is not applied to specific individuals, but to an unlimited number of them. It is obvious that the nationality of one or other legal entity not only “blurred” with the proliferation of the use of to prove the relevant state of the criterion of “effective owner” instead of the criterion of “incorporation” (the state registration), but loses its significance in view of the fact that States increasingly give its laws extraterritorial nature – they are legally binding not only on the territory of a particular state, but against an indefinite number of persons outside – the rules on the application of sanctions measures may also apply to persons who do not have a legal connection with the state adopting the regulatory act on the introduction of sanctions – these persons lose the ability to actually connect with it – use the payment systems of this state, supply goods, provide services perform work or provide services on the territory of the state imposing the relevant sanctions or in favor of persons legally connected with this state.
Keywords: economic sanctions, international sanctions regime, sectoral restrictions, counter-sanctions, retaliatory measures, import substitution.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grishin V.I., Kurbanov R.A. Jekonomiko-pravovye koncepcii nacionalizacii: Rossija i zarubezhnyj opyt: Monografija. M.: FGBOU VO «RJeU im. G.V. Plehanova», 2019.
2. Loginova A. S. Problemy adaptacii rossijskogo biznesa k uslovijam VTO // Evrazijskaja jekonomicheskaja integracija. 2014. # 3 (24). S. 63-71.
3. Naletov K.I. Princip jurisdikcionnogo immuniteta pri razreshenii sporov v sfere proizvodstva, ispol'zovanija i oborota jenergeticheskih resursov //jekonomika. Pravo. Obshhestvo. 2017. # 2 (10). S. 44-51.
4. Naletov K.I. Transformacija chastnopravovogo aspekta dejatel'nosti gosudarstva v jepohu globalizacii // Strahovoe pravo. 2018. # 2.
5. Naletov, K. I., Kurbanov, R. A. Razvitie konstitucionnyh principov v sfere regulirovanija jekonomiki // Zhurnal Belorusskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. 2020. # 3. S. 38-42.
6. Simon de Galbert, A Year of Sanctions against Russia. –Now What? CSIS Report, 2015.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Bayniyazova Z.S.
Consolidation of lawmaking and law enforcement as a necessary condition for the implementation of the legal status of an individual
The article deals with the implementation of the legal status of an individual. The author substantiates the importance of lawmaking and law enforcement for the effective implementation of the legal status of an individual. The article provides reasoned provisions on the need for a consolidated ratio of lawmaking and law enforcement as a factor in strengthening the foundations of the legal status of an individual. The author paid much attention to the study of the value aspect of the problem of ensuring mutual consistency, balanced action of lawmaking and law enforcement, which directly affects the increase in the efficiency of legal regulation.
Keywords: legal status of an individual, lawmaking, law enforcement, legal system, legal policy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 09.05.2017 # 203 «O Strategii razvitija informacionnogo obshhestva v Rossijskoj Federacii na 2017 – 2030 gody» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2017. – # 20. – St. 2901.
2. Matuzov N. I. Aktual'nye problemy teorii prava. –Saratov: Izd-vo SGAP, 2003.
3. Rybakov O. Ju. Pravovaja politika: ponjatie i prioritety // Aktual'nye problemy pravovedenija. – 2004. – # 1.
4. Rybakov O. Ju. Pravovaja politika kak nauchnaja teorija v juridicheskih issledovanijah // Pravo. Zakonodatel'stvo. Lichnost'. – 2010. – # 2 (9).
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Gavrilenko V.А, Mazova E.A., Medvedeva A.A., Utkin N.I.
Issues of development and improvement of the fire insurance institute in the Russian Federation
The article deals with the development and improvement of the institute of fire insurance in our country, based on the application of the experience of the United Kingdom. Fire insurance allows you to manage the fire risks of enterprises, influence their magnitude and degree, transferring them to professional insurance companies. By compensating for material losses from fires, insurers contribute to the continuation of the functioning of economic entities, ensuring the continuity of production processes. The authors analyze the legislative regulation of fire insurance and formulate conclusions about the main directions of improvement of this industry in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: fire insurance, fire security, development and improvement of legal regulation, Russian Federation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gavrilenko V.A., Grigonis V.P. Voprosy kvalifikacii narushenija pravil pozharnoj bezopasnosti// Nauchno-prikladnye issledovanija sovremennosti. Sbornik nauchnyh statej. Krasnodar, 2020. S. 52.
2. Nemchenko S.B. Zakonoproekt ob objazatel'nom protivopozharnom strahovanii: problemy i perspektivy // Pozharnaja bezopasnost': problemy i perspektivy. 2010. T. 1. # 1 (1). S. 60-62.
3. Nemchenko S.B. Rol' strahovanija v grazhdanskom obshhestve // Social'noe i pensionnoe pravo. 2010. # 2. S. 2.
4. Silujanova N.M., Nemchenko S.B. Pravovoe regulirovanie protivopozharnogo strahovanija v dorevoljucionnoj Rossii // Pravo. Bezopasnost'. Chrezvychajnye situacii. 2013. # 2 (19). S. 63-67.
5. Strahovoe pravo : uchebnoe posobie // Nemchenko S.B., Mutalieva L.S.; Pod obshh.red. Artamonova V.S.;MChS Rossii. Sankt-Peterburgskij universitet protivopozharnoj sluzhby. SPb., 2010. S. 140.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Denisenko S.V., Shulgach Yu.A.
Institute of mediation in the modern world
The mediation procedure is one of the varieties of alternative methods of dispute settlement. This procedure is successfully used in many countries of Europe and Asia. In our country, mediation is at the initial stage of its formation. But there is no doubt that it has a rich potential for use in many areas.
Keywords: mediation, cross-border conflicts, international communities, conciliation procedures, tax disputes, insurance disputes, confidentiality, flexibility, mediator.
Work bibliographic list
1. Interv'ju s Predsedatelem Arbitrazhnogo suda Sverdlovskoj oblasti, Predsedatelem Sverdlovskogo regional'nogo otdelenija AJuR I. V. Reshetnikovoj // Juridicheskij mir. – 2009. – # 10 (154).
2. Mediacija v sudebnoj sisteme: Sbornik materialov/ Koll. avtorov. Sost. C. A. Shamlikashvili. – M.:MCUPK, 2017. – 182 s.
3. Rubcov V. V. Psihologo-pedagogicheskaja podgotovka uchitelja dlja «Novoj shkoly» // Psihologicheskaja nauka i obrazovanie. – 2010. – # 1.
4. Jakovlev V. F. Status sud'i est' status vlasti // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2004. – # 11. – S. 5-9.
5. Louise Otis, Eric H. Reiter. Mediation by Judges: A new phenomenon in the Transformation of Justice. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: pepperdine.edu.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Deryugin A.A., Nikonov D.A., Lutsenko V.V.
Counterterrorism operation regime: mechanism and stages of legal regulation
Modern Russian science is characterized by various approaches to legal regulation in the field of countering terrorism. In procedural terms, extraordinary legal regulation has several stages: the adoption of legal norms of an extraordinary nature, extraordinary legal relations arising against the background of a terrorist threat, and the fulfillment by all persons participating in these legal relations of their duties and the exercise of their rights. Based on the analysis of the legislation on combating terrorism, the article examines the mechanism for adopting normative legal acts of an extraordinary nature, which has distinctive features from ordinary legal regulation, as well as its stages and inherent elements.
Keywords: terrorism, emergency, extraordinary legal relations, legal regulation mechanism, counter-terrorist operation regime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aleshin V. V. Pravovye osnovy primenenija rezhima chrezvychajnogo polozhenija i rezhima kontrterroristicheskoj operacii // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2006. – #4.
2. Bondurovskij V. V. Terrorizm: problemy kriminologicheskoj i ugolovno-pravovoj harakteristiki //Sbornik nauchnyh statej mezhvuzovskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii: Problemy povyshenija boesposobnosti vnutrennih vojsk MVD Rossii v sovremennyh uslovijah. Sankt-Peterburg, 9 fevralja 2001 g. /M. M. Tarasov, Ju. V. Laptev, G. I. Perekopskij. – SPb.:SPVI VV MVD Rossii, 2001.
3. Lebedev V. A. Ogranichenija politicheskih prav i svobod grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2004. – # 2.
4. Mal'ko A. V. Pravovye ogranichenija: ot otraslevogo ponimanija k teoreticheskomu // Pravovedenie. – 1993.– # 3.
5. Mordovec A. S. Social'no-juridicheskij mehanizm obespechenija prav cheloveka i grazhdanina. – Saratov, 1996.
6. Nikonov D. A. Sovetskoe chrezvychajnoe voennoe zakonodatel'stvo (1920-1941 gg.) / Pod red. B. P. Belozerova. –SPb.: SPVI VV MVD RF, 2006.
7. Ozhegov S. I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka. – M., 1987.
8. Pomerljan A. N. Problemy ogranichenija i osushhestvlenija prav cheloveka i grazhdanina v uslovijah dejstvija chrezvychajnogo rezhima // Pravo i obrazovanie. – 2011.– # 6.
9. Pravovaja osnova obespechenija nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii / Pod red. A. V. Opaleva.– M.: Juniti-Dana, 2004.
10. Rybakov O. Ju. Lichnost' i pravovaja politika // Rossijskaja pravovaja politika. – M.: Norma, 2003.
11. Fedulov G. V. Rol' gosudarstva v obespechenii zashhity naselenija ot chrezvychajnyh situacij // Pravo i politika. – 2001. – # 1.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Idrisov I.K., Verdiev M.A.
Сonstitutional foundations of freedom of citizens in the Russian Federation
Considering the topic is relevant, due to the fact that the characteristics of modern society have a large volume and a high rate of ongoing changes, which in turn affects the state of legal science, which cannot but respond to new challenges that are significantly different from the traditionally established ones. However, despite the emerging processes, already generally recognized values and principles become constant. These principles include the rights and freedoms of a citizen, which on an ongoing basis need protection from constantly emerging threats. The article also examines the various points of view of generally recognized scientists regarding the mechanism of protecting the interests of society, the individual, as well as the state. In accordance with the results obtained, the author’s model of constitutional and legal guarantees was formed.
Keywords: constitutional and legal guarantees, the Constitution, legal institutions, protection of rights and freedoms, human rights and freedoms, state, guarantor, civil society.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija RF (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
2. «Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 23.04.2018, s izm. Ot 25.04.2018) // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
3. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob oruzhii» ot 13.12.1996 #150-FZ // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
4. Federal'nyj zakon «O policii» ot 07.02.2011 #3-FZ // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 12.08.1995 # 144-FZ (red. Ot 06.07.2016) «Ob operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti» // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
6. Evloev M. K. Garantii konstitucionno-pravovoj zashhity prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina RF// Stanovlenie i razvitie novogo gumanitarnogo i jekonomicheskogo znanija. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov po materialam Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii v 2-h ch. Pod obshh. red. E. P. Tkachevoj. – Belgorod, 2019. – S. 21-24.
7. Lysakov V. A. Konstitucionno-pravovye garantii prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina v RF // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2019. – # 36 (274). – S. 110-111.
8. Spiridonova I. A. K voprosu o garantii konstitucionnyh prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina //Nauka XXI veka: aktual'nye napravlenija razvitija.– 2020. – # 1-2. – S. 640-644.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Saizoda T. N.
Regulatory and legal regulation of methods filling in the uncertainty in the law
The article is devoted to the analysis of one of the topical topics of modern law-the topic of methods of filling in uncertainty and gaps in law. The author, based on the analysis of methods for filling legislative gaps in regulatory legal acts, comes to the conclusion that despite the sufficiently detailed regulation of such methods, there are gaps and uncertainties in the law. And if the current law does not determine the way to resolve the dispute, or if the current law does not specify such a way, the subject of law must act within the framework of moral principles – good faith, reasonableness and justice.
Keywords: gaps in legislation, uncertainty in law, regulatory regulation, good faith, reasonableness, fairness.
Work bibliographic list
1. Braginskij M. I, Vitrjanskij V. V. Dogovornoe pravo. Obshhie polozhenija. – 4 izd. – M.: Statut, 2020.
2. Gajurov Sh. K., Bobodzhonzoda I. H. Dobrosovestnost' v grazhdanskom prave: nekotorye problemy teorii i praktiki // Pravovaja zhizn'. – Dushanbe, 2019. – # 1 (25).
3. Grazhdanskij kodeks Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki. –Bishkek: Izdatel'stvo «Akademija», 2018.
4. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan. – Almaty, 2013.
5. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan. – Almaty, 2013.
6. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Tadzhikistan. Chast' pervaja. – Dushanbe, 2009.
7. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. Oficial'nyj tekst. – M.: Omega, 2021. Postatejnyj kommentarij k GPK RF. – M.: Prospekt, 2014.
8. Grazhdanskij processual'nyj kodeks Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe, 2008.
9. Grazhdanskij processual'nyj kodeks Tadzhikskoj SSR. – Dushanbe, «Irfon», 1975.
10. Kurbatov A. Ja. Problemy primenenija norm prava.– M.: Jurajt, 2021.
11. Luk'janenko M. F. Ocenochnye ponjatija grazhdanskogo prava: razumnost', dobrosovestnost', sushhestvennost'. – M.: Statut, 2010.
12. Rimskoe chastnoe pravo: uchebnik / pod red. I. B. Novickogo, I. S. Pereterskogo. – M.: Knorus, 2017.
13. Sbornik Postanovlenij Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe, 2015.
14. Semejnyj kodeks Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe: «Konunijat, 2007.
15. Tihomirov Ju. A. Teorija zakona. – M.: Izdatel'stvo «Nauka», 1982.
16. Jekonomicheskij processual'nyj kodeks Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe, 2008.
17. Justinian. Digesty. 40. 1. 9. 3. Cit. po kn.: Rimskoe chastnoe pravo. Pod red. I. B. Novickogo i I. S. Pereterskogo. – M.: KNORUS, 2017.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Denisenko S. V., Shulgach Yu. A.
Mediation and legal proceedings as two options for resolving conflict situations
Mediation and legal proceedings are two ways to resolve conflicts. They are completely different, but they are able to exist in parallel with each other, effectively carry out their main task. The use of mediation in the courts is quite justified and can balance and facilitate the work of the judicial authorities.
Keywords: mediation, court session, conflict, conciliation procedures, commercial disputes, family disputes, interaction of the parties, consent, mediator.
Work bibliographic list
1. Afzalur Rahim M. Upravlenie konfliktami v organizacijah. - QuorumBooks, 2001.
2. Gregori Tillet. Razreshenie konflikta: prakticheskij podhod. -Mel'burn: Oxford University Press, 2006.
3. Dzhon Lande. Ispol'zovanie metodov postroenija sistemy sporov dlja prodvizhenija dobrosovestnogo uchastija v programmah prisudebnoj mediacii // Nevada Law Journal. - 2007. - 457.
4. Fuller L. L. Mediation: Its Forms and Functions // Southern California Law Review. - 1971. - Vol. 44.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Motova E. A.
Legal interests and human needs in a high-tech society
With the development of digital technologies, a new digital reality is emerging, gradually shaping a new world, a new society and a new law, the so-called «second modernity right». In a world where the development of artificial intelligence, robots is gaining momentum, human rights guaranteed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and international legal acts continue to remain unshakable, fundamental, but in many scientific works one can find the theory that in the 21st century a «fourth generation of human rights» is being formed, which in our opinion is not true. The article attempts to characterize the relationship between human needs
and interests, to describe a high-tech society, and also to prove that fundamental human rights are not transformed into the «fourth generation of rights», as a number of experts claim, but new forms of realizing these rights arise based on the fact that a person is immersed in virtual space.
Keywords: interest, need, digitalization, law, high-tech society, personality, human rights and freedoms.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Ros. gaz. ot 4 ijulja 2020 g. - # 144.
2. O Deklaracii prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina: Postanovlenie VS RSFSR ot 22 nojab. 1991 # 1920-1 // Sovet Rossijskoj Federacii ot 26 dek. 1991. - # 52. - St. 1865.
3. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo suda RF ot 23.06.2015 # 1537-O «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdan Baranovoj Eleny Valentinovny i Tyshhenko Eleny Vladimirovny na narushenie ih konstitucionnyh prav polozhenijami stat'i 7 Federal'nogo zakona «O personal'nyh dannyh», punkta 7 stat'i 55 Federal'nogo zakona «O svjazi» i chasti 1 stat'i 18 Federal'nogo zakona «O reklame»». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
4. Rezoljucija, prinjataja General'noj Assambleej 18 dekabrja 2013 g. [po dokladu Tret'ego komiteta (A/68/456/Add.2)] 68/167. Pravo na neprikosnovennost' lichnoj zhizni v cifrovoj vek. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.lawtrend.org/wp-content/ uploads/2014/06/2013_UN_68_167.pdf.
5. Aznagulova G. M. Aksiologija marksizma i dialektika proizvodstvennyh otnoshenij / v kn. Pravo i jekonomika: nacional'nye interes i global'nye trendy: monografija/ pod red. G. M. Aznagulovoj. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2021. - S. 24-47.
6. Aznagulova G. M. Genezis kategorii «interes» v politiko-pravovoj nauke / v kn. Interesy v prave: monografija pod red. dokt. jurid. nauk Aznagulovoj G. M. - Jurlitinform, 2019. - S. 7-55.
7. Aznagulova G. M., Popova A. V. Postindustrial'naja social'nost': rashody ili investicii v cheloveka? // Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. - 2018. - # 4 (54). - S. 15-22.
8. Bykova A. G., Petrova Ju. G. Pravo grazhdan na dostup k informacii // Sibirskoe juridicheskoe obozrenie. - 2013. - # 1 (20). - S. 4-7.
9. Gegel' F. G. V. Sochinenija. T. 8. Filosofija istorii / per. A. M. Vodena, pod red. i s predisl. F. A. Gorohova. - M.: Gos. soc. jekonom. izd., 1935.
10. Dolin V. A. Koncept «Chetvertoe pokolenie prav cheloveka»: opyt filosofsko-antropologicheskogo obosnovanija // Antinomii. - 2018. - # 4. - S. 7-20.
11. Zhuravlev I. V., Zhuravleva Ju. V. Krizis identichnosti v jepohu sovremennyh mediatehnologij //Novaja kul'tura kommunikacij v uslovijah cifrovoj i sociokul'turnoj globalizacii: media i nacional'naja identichnost': sbornik materialov
Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii / pod red. I. V. Annenkovoj, M. A. Pil'gun; Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii. - M.: ID Jurispruencija, 2019. - C. 183-186.
12. Zor'kin V. D. Pravo v cifrovom mire. Razmyshlenie na poljah Peterburgskogo mezhdunarodnogo juridicheskogo foruma // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2018. Stolichnyj vypusk # 7578 (115). 29 maja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2018/05/29/zorkin-zadacha-gosudarstvapriznavat-i-zashchishchat-cifrovye-prava-grazhdan.html. (data obrashhenija: 02.06.2021).
13. Isaev I. A. Voobrazhaemaja gosudarstvennost'. Prostranstvo bez territorij. - M., 2018.
14. Karchija A. A. Cifrovaja transformacija i prava cheloveka // Russkaja politologija. - 2018. - # 4 (9).- S. 33-38.
15. Kovaleva N. N., Holodnaja E. V. Kommentarij k Federal'nomu zakonu ot 27 ijulja 2006 g. # 149-FZ «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii» (postatejnyj). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
16. Leont'ev A. N. Dejatel'nost'. Soznanie. Lichnost'. - M., 1977.
17. Malahov V. P., Aznagulova G. M. Problema pravoponimanija v uslovijah cifrovoj real'nosti //Vestnik moskovskogo gorodskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. - 2021. - # 2 (42). - S. 37-44.
18. Mezhdunarodnyj pakt o grazhdanskih i politicheskih pravah // Bibliotechka Rossijskoj gazety. - 1999. - # 22-23.
19. Ozhegov S. I. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka /S. I. Ozhegov, N. Ju. Shvedova. - M.: ITI Tehnologii; Izdanie 4-e, dop., 2015. - 944 c.
20. Stjopin V. S., Gusejnov A. A., Semigin G. Ju., Ogurcov A. P.Novaja filosofskaja jenciklopedija v 4-h tomah / Nauchno.-red. sovet: V. S. Stjopin, A. A. Gusejnov, G. Ju. Semigin, A. P. Ogurcov. - M.: Mysl', 2000. - T. 1-4. - 2659 s. (2-e izd., ispr. i dopol. —
M.: Mysl', 2010. - T. 1-4. - 2816 s.
21. Tihomirov Ju. A. Pravo v menjajushhemsja mire: vektory i skorosti razvitija // Gosudarstvo i pravo.- 2017. - Vypusk # 5. - C. 5-10.
22. Habrieva T. Ja. Pravo pered vyzovami cifrovoj real'nosti // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. - 2018. -# 9 (261). - S. 5-16.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Bezhanov A. V.
Genocide of ossetians 1918–2008: historical and legal analysis of the corpus delicti
By way of a new approach to a fairly popular topic, this article, on the basis of factual substantiation and methods of legal analysis, gives a qualitatively new view of the Ossetian genocide and fixes the most lasting crime in the history of world jurisprudence. Thus, the article reveals the time of the appearance of the subjective element (mens rea) in 1918, and on its basis the entire composition of the Ossetian genocide is formed, which is an absolutely new approach to the study of the Ossetian genocide and a prerequisite for including the period of South Ossetia’s stay in Soviet Georgia in 1922- 1991. Thus, this article provides a basis for further study of the Ossetian genocide, being of exceptional importance for specialists studying genocide, both in its generalized understanding and specifically the Ossetian genocide.
Keywords: genocide of Ossetians, crimes against humanity, Georgian-Ossetian conflict, South Ossetia, Georgia.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konvencija o preduprezhdenii prestuplenija genocida i nakazanii za nego. Prinjata rezoljuciej 260 (III) General'noj Assamblei OON ot 9 dekabrja 1948 goda. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/genocide.shtml.
2. Konvencija o neprimenimosti sroka davnosti k voennym prestuplenijam i prestuplenijam protiv chelovechestva. Prinjata rezoljuciej 2391 (XXIII) General'noj Assamblei OON ot 26 nojabrja 1968 goda.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://
www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/warcrimes_limit.shtml.
3. Vestnik Mezhdunarodnogo Ugolovnogo Pravosudija. Genocid. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://mup-info.com/genocid/.
4. Gazeta «Sakartvelo». – 26 marta 1919 g. – # 54.
5. Deklaracija prav narodov Rossii ot 2(15) nojabrja 1917 g. Vyvereno po izdaniju: Dekrety Sovetskoj vlasti. T. I. – M.: Gos.izd-vo polit. literatury, 1957.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.hist.msu.ru/ER/Etext/DEKRET/peoples.htm.
6. Dzhugeli V. Tjazhelyj krest: (zapiski narodnogvardejca). – Knigoizd-vo Al. Arabidze, pech. 1920 (Tiflis: Gos. tip.) XXXII. – S. 246, 249-250, 283.
7. Dzidzoev V. D. Nacional'no-gosudarstvennoe stroitel'stvo v Juzhnoj Osetii i Abhazii (istoricheskie i politiko-pravovye aspekty) // Gumanitarij Juga Rossii. – 2012. – # 1. – S. 168-181.
8. Dzidzoev V. D. Ot tret'ego genocida osetin – k priznaniju nezavisimosti Juzhnoj Osetii i Abhazii //Vestnik Vladikavkazskogo nauchnogo centra. – 2008.– Vol. 8, no. 4. – C. 19-29.
9. Dni gospodstva men'shevikov v Gruzii. Dokumenty i materialy / sost. G. Devdariani. – Tiflis, 1931.– S. 231.
10. Dokumenty i materialy po vneshnej politike Zakavkaz'ja i Gruzii. – Tiflis, 1919. – S. 332, 336-337.
11. Zakon Gruzii ob okkupirovannyh territorijah // Zakonodatel'nyj Vestnik Gruzii, 28,
30/10/2008. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://matsne.gov.ge/ru/document/
view/19132?publication=8.
12. Zakon Respubliki Gruzija ob uprazdnenii Jugo-Osetinskoj Avtonomnoj Oblasti. Zakony legitimnoj vlasti Respubliki Gruzija, 22 nojabrja 1990 g. – 3 dekabrja 1991 g. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://devnili.ucoz.com/_ld/0/2_Georgian_Govern.pdf.
13. Markedonov S. Kazus Gamsahurdia // Zhurnal Istorik.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://istorik.rf/posts/2021/04/02/kazus-gamsahurdia.html.
14. Protest pravitel'stva Gorskoj Respubliki Germanskomu pravitel'stvu o nezakonnoj okkupacii gruzinskimi vojskami territorii Abhazii pri podderzhke reguljarnyh chastej nemeckoj armii. Ne pozdnee ijunja 1918 goda // Rukopisnyj fond Instituta IAJe. – F. 2. Op. 1. – D. 60. – L. 98-100. Kopija.
15. CGA RSO-A. – F. 224. – Op. 1. – D. 265. – L. 7-9.
16. CGAOR, GSSR, F. 19, D. 19, ll. 85-92. Doklad rotmistra Ushveridze komandiru Tiflisskogo gubernskogo batal'ona ot 28.05.1919 g.
17. Deutsche Welle (DW), Speckomissija ES: Voennye dejstvija v avguste 2008 goda nachala Gruzija. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.dw.com/ru/speckomissija-es-voennye-dejstvija-v-avguste-2008-goda-nachala-gruzija/a-4746933.
18. Lemkin R. Axis Rule in Occupied Europe: Laws of Occupation, Analysis of Government, Proposals for Redress. – Washington: The Mumpord Press, 1944. – P.
79. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://archive.org/stream/AxisRuleInOccupiedEuropeRaph aelLemkin/Axis_rule_in_occupied_Europe_Raphael_Lemkin_djvu.txt.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Gulyaeva T. B.
Alimony obligations of parents to children in the 30s of the 20th century
In the presented article, the author analyzes the legal norms on the alimony obligations of parents to their children. Particularly detailed are the issues: the procedure for calculating alimony, the recovery of alimony in favor of adult children in accordance with the Decree of the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR dated June 27, 1936. The article analyzes the judicial practice in cases of collecting alimony in the specified chronological framework. In addition, the author compares and highlights the features of the legal regulation of the alimony obligations of parents to their children in the codes of the union republics.
Keywords: alimony obligations, minor children, parents, family legislation, divorce, union republics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Vsesojuznogo soveshhanija sudebno-prokurorskih rabotnikov «O praktike primenenija zakona 27 ijunja 1936 g. po grazhdanskim alimentnym delam» // Sovetskaja justicija. 1937. # 4. S 22-23.
2. Postanovlenie plenuma Verhovnogo suda RSFSR ot 2 ijunja 1928 g. - KZoBSO RSFSR izd. 1938 g., raz"jasnenija k st. 42 // Sovetskaja justicija. 1938. # 22.S. 34-36.
3. Gnetova L.V. Jevoljucija sovetskogo zakonodatel'stva, reglamentirujushhego rabochee vremja i vremja otdyha: dissertacija ... kandidata juridicheskih nauk: 12.00.01; Vladimir. jurid. in-t Feder. Sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij. Vladimir, 2008. 250 s.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Doronin Yu. P.
Aviation squads of the Kuban Cossack Army during the Civil war (1918–1920) period
The article deals with both activities of the Kuban regional government and military leadership of the Kuban Cossack army of the White Guard movement in the South of Russia to make material basis and form the Kuban Cossack air forces as a part of aviation of the White Guard armies of the Armed Forces in the South of Russia during the Civil War (1918–1920) period.
Keywords: Civil War, Armed Forces in the South of Russia, White Guard aviation, Kuban Cossack air forces, aviation team (group), military pilot, airplane, aeronautics.
Work bibliographic list
1. GAKK. F. R-10. Op. 1. D. 32. L. 385.
2. GAKK. F. R-1559. Op. 1. D. 39. L. 23.
3. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 1. L. 2.
4. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 1. L. 42.
5. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 1. LL. 16, 24.
6. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 1. LL. 2-3.
7. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 3. L. 25.
8. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 3. L. 5.
9. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 3. L. 64.
10. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 3. L. 68.
11. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 4. LL. 71,110.
12. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 9. L. 52; F. R-6. Op. 1. D. 300.
L. 217; F. R-10. Op. 2. D. 18. L. 212.
13. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 9. L. 70.
14. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 9. L. 9.
15. GAKK. F. R-28. Op. 1. D. 9. LL. 70,75; F. R-56. Op. 1. D.
1. L. 15.
16. GAKK. F. R-56. Op. 1. D. 1. L. 66.
17. GAKK. F. R-56. Op. 1. D. 1. L. 68.
18. GAKK. F. R-56. Op. 1. D. 1. L. 8.
19. GAKK. F. R-56. Op. 1. D. 4. L. 17.
20. GAKK. F. R-56. Op. 1. D. 4. L. 99.
21. GAKK. F. R-59. Op. 1. D. 1. L. 4.
22. GAKK. F. R-6. Op. 1. D. 300. LL. 74-75ob.
23. Gosudarstvennyj arhiv Krasnodarskogo kraja (GAKK). F. R-6. Op. 1. D. 94. L. 48.
24. Karamzin N.M. Zapiska o drevnej i novoj Rossii v ee politicheskom i grazhdanskom otnoshenijah. M.: Nauka. Glavnaja redakcija vostochnoj literatury, 1991. 127 s.
25. Kushnerjov V.V. Istoricheskie predposylki pojavlenija i dislokacii aviacii v Krasnodare (Ekaterinodare) v 1910-1921 gg. // Istoricheskaja i social'no-obrazovatel'naja mysl'. 2017. Tom 9. # 2/1. S. 45-50.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://hist-edu.ru/index.php/hist/issue/view/64 (data obrashhenija: 10.06.2021).
26. Kushnerjov V.V. Istorija 1-go Kubanskogo aviacionnogo diviziona (1918-1920 gody) // Kul'turnaja zhizn' Juga Rossii. 2013. # 1 (48). S. 50-54.
27. Kushnerjov V.V. Istoricheskie predposylki pojavlenija i dislokacii aviacii v Krasnodare (Ekaterinodare) v 1910-1921 gg. // Istoricheskaja i social'no-obrazovatel'naja mysl'. 2017. Tom 9. # 2/1. S. 45-50.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://
hist-edu.ru/index.php/hist/issue/view/64 (data obrashhenija: 10.06.2021).
28. Pavlushenko M., Primak A. Vozduhoplavanie Ukrainskoj Narodnoj Respubliki v gody Grazhdanskoj vojny. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://ballooning-magazine.ru/ (data obrashhenija:10.06.2021).
29. RGVA. F. 39540. Op. 1. D. 214. L. 91.
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31. Rossijskij gosudarstvennyj voennyj arhiv (RGVA).F. 39540. Op. 1. D. 208. L. 4; D.214. L. 195.
32. Hajrulin M.A., Kondrat'ev V.I. Voenlety pogibshej Imperii. Aviacija v Grazhdanskoj vojne. M:Jeksmo: Jauza, 2008. 430 s.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Lunin S. V.
Approaches to determining the place of Stoglav in the system of sources of the law
The article analyzes the place of Stoglav in the system of sources of the law of the 16th century
and the views of some authors on the main legal branches of the Moscow state.
Keywords: sources of the law, Stoglav, canon law, church law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Beljaev I. D. Lekcii po istorii russkogo zakonodatel'stva. - M., 1879.
2. Voprosy i otvety o raznyh sluchajah pastyrskoj praktiki // Russkaja istoricheskaja biblioteka. T. VI. Pamjatniki drevnerusskogo kanonicheskogo prava. - SPb., 1908.- # 124. - St. 868.
3. Gajdenko P. I. O vysshem cerkovnom upravlenii v Kievskoj Rusi: k voprosu o cerkovnyh soborah kak vysshem organe upravlenija // Cerkov' domongol'skojRusi: ierarhija, sluzhenie, nravy. - M., 2013. - S. 9-11.
4. Gajdenko P. I. Sobor 1273(4) goda v svete cerkovno-politicheskoj situacii na Rusi: neskol'ko zamechanij o nesostojavshejsja kanonicheskoj reforme mitropolita Kirilla // Vestnik Russkoj hristianskoj gumanitarnoj akademii. - 2014. - T. 15. - Vyp. 4. - S. 229-239.
5. Gorbunov A. N. L'gotnye gramoty, zhalovannye monastyrjam i cerkvam v XIII, XIV i XV vekah // Arhiv istoricheskih i prakticheskih svedenij, otnosjashhihsja do Rossii. - SPb., 1860. Kn. I.
6. Kolobanov V. A. K voprosu ob uchastii Serapiona Vladimirskogo v sobornyh «dejanijah» 1274 g. // Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoj literatury. - M.; L., 1960. - T. 16. - S.
442-445.
7. Letopisnyj sbornik, imenuemyj Patriarsheju ili Nikonovskoju letopis'ju // Polnoe sobranie russkih letopisej. - SPb., 1862. - T. 9. - S. 172 i dr.
8. Letopis' po Lavrent'evskomu spisku. - SPb., 1872. - S.299.
9. Mejchik D. M. Gramoty i drugie akty XIV-XV vv. Moskovskogo arhiva Ministerstva justicii. - M., 1883.
10. Mitropolita Fotija pouchenie o vazhnosti svjashhennogo sana i objazannostjah svjashhennosluzhitelej // Russkaja istoricheskaja biblioteka. T. VI. Pamjatniki drevnerusskogo kanonicheskogo prava. - SPb., 1908. - # 60. - St. 517 i dr.
11. Nizhnik N. S. Brachno-semejnye otnoshenija v Moskovskom gosudarstve (XV – pervaja polovina XVII vv.) // Pamjatniki rossijskogo prava. V 35 t. T. III. Pamjatniki prava Moskovskogo gosudarstva: uchebno-nauchnoe posobie. Kn. II. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2014. - S. 316.
12. Nizhnik N. S. Pravovoe regulirovanie brachno-semejnyh otnoshenij v russkoj istorii. - SPb., 2006.
13. Nikol'skij N. M. Istorija russkoj cerkvi. 1-e izd. -M., 1930.
14. Opredelenija vladimirskogo sobora, izlozhennye v gramote mitropolita Kirilla II // Russkaja istoricheskaja biblioteka, izdavaemaja Arheograficheskoj komissiej. T. VI. - SPb., 1880.
15. Ospennikov Ju. V. Brachno-semejnye otnoshenija v prave Severo-Zapadnoj Rusi XII-XV vv. - Samara, 2004.
16. Otvety mitropolita Kipriana igumenu Afanasiju// Russkaja istoricheskaja biblioteka. T. VI. Pamjatniki drevnerusskogo kanonicheskogo prava. - SPb., 1908. - #32. - St. 254.
17. Pechnikov M. V. K izucheniju sobornyh pravil 1273 g. //Drevnjaja Rus'. Voprosy medievistiki. - 2009. - # 4. - S. 97-107.
18. Pisarevskij N. Znachenie Stoglavogo sobora v istorii russkoj cerkvi // Bogoslovskij vestnik. - 1895. - Ijun'.- S. 381-388.
19. Pouchenie mitropolita Kipriana duhovenstvu // Akty istoricheskie. T. 1. - SPb., 1841. - # 11. - S. 20.
20. Pravila svjatogo pomestnogo Karfagenskogo sobora //Pravoe pravovedenie. - M., 2005.
21. Sistema istochnikov russkogo prava X-XVIII vv.: monografija / O. Ju. El'chaninova, Ju. V. Ospennikov, R. A. Romashov, L. E. Jutjaeva. - Samara, 2014.
22. Sobornoe opredelenie o nevzimanii so svjashhennosluzhitelej mzdy za hirotoniju 1503 g. // Akty, sobrannye v bibliotekah i arhivah Rossijskoj imperii Arheograficheskoj komissiej imperatorskoj akademii nauk. - SPb., 1836. - T. 1. - # 382. - S. 484–485.
23. Sokolov P. P. Russkij arhierej iz Vizantii i pravo ego naznachenija do nachala HV v. - K., 1913. - S. 176.
24. Stoglav // Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo X-XX vekov. T.2. - M., 1985.
25. Ustav knjazja Vladimira Svjatoslavicha. Sinodal'naja redakcija // Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo X-XX vekov. - M.,1984. - T. 1. - S. 150.
26. Ustav knjazja Jaroslava. Kratkaja redakcija // Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo X-XX vekov. T. 1. - M., 1984.
27. Ustav knjazja Jaroslava. Prostrannaja redakcija // Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo X-XX vekov. T. 1. - M., 1984.
28. Florja B. N. Otnoshenija gosudarstva i cerkvi u vostochnyh i zapadnyh slavjan. - M., 1992. - S. 126–130.
29. Hvostova K. V. Vizantijskaja civilizacija kak istoricheskaja paradigma. - SPb., 2009.
30. Hvostova K. V. Pravo precedentov v Vizantii // Vestnik Rossijskogo gumanitarnogo nauchnogo fonda. - 2010. - #1 (58). - S. 5-13.
31. Hvostova K. V. Slova i veshhi v vizantijskih agrarno-pravovyh otnoshenijah XIII-XIV vv. // Voprosy istorii.- 2016. - # 4. - S. 3-14.
32. Shpakov A. Ja. Stoglav. K voprosu ob oficial'nom ili neoficial'nom proishozhdenii jetogo pamjatnika //Sbornik v chest' professora M. F. Vladimirskogo-Budanova. - Kiev, 1904. - S. 303.
33. Shumakov S. A. Obzor «Gramot kollegii jekonomii». Vyp. 4. - M., 1917; Cherepnin L. V. Russkie feodal'nye arhivy XIV-XV vekov. - M., 1951. - Ch. 2 i dr.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Makayeva N. T.
Industrialization as a factor of socio-economic transformation of the Soviet State in 1920–1930: evaluation of the results (based on the materials of the BASSR)
During the first five-year plans, the BASSR made a big breakthrough in the development of its industry. However, one should not only evaluate the results of industrialization positively. The article considers the assessment of the results of industrialization as a factor of the socio-economic transformation of the Soviet state of 1920–1930 on the territory of the BASSR. Despite the strengthening of the industrial potential of the republic in the 30s, both positive and negative transformations took place in the socio-economic life of the population.
Today, the lessons of the past make it possible to competently build the economy not only of the republic, but also of the country as a whole. It is advisable to use existing industrial sites, it is possible not only to maintain economic stability, but at the same time to solve many social problems that are so acute in Russia today.
Keywords: industrialization, collectivization, five-year plan, industry, NEP, the Great Turning point, komsomol, women’s sectors.
Work bibliographic list
1. XX let BASSR. - Ufa, 1955.
2. XX let Bashkirskoj Avtonomnoj Sovetskoj Socialisticheskoj Respubliki. (1919-1939 gg.) [Tekst]: [Sb.statej] / [Red. kollegija: R. U. Kuzyev, F. S. Kudrjashev, V. P. Krjuchkov i dr.]. - Ufa: Bashgosizdat, 1939.
3. Kamaletdinov M. A. Iz istorii poiskov nefti i gaza v Bashkortostane // Vestn. AN RB. – 2001. - # 4.
4. KPSS v rezoljucijah i reshenijah s"ezdov, konferencij i plenumov CK. - M.: Politizdat, 1983. - T. 4.
5. Kuzeev R. G. Formirovanie i razvitie sovetskogo rabochego klassa Bashkirskoj ASSR. Ch. 2. - Ufa: Ufa:Bashk. kn. izd-vo, 1975.
6. Lenin V. I. Poln. sobr. soch. T. 42. - M.: Gospolitizdat, 1920.
7. Makaeva N. T. Obshhestvenno-politicheskoe i socio-kul'turnoe polozhenie naselenija BASSR na fone industrializacii 1929-1937 godah // Vklad Bashkortostana v Velikuju Pobedu. - 2020.
8. Materialy k dokladu pravitel'stva Bashkirskoj ASSR na 111 sessii VCIK XV sozyva. - Ufa, 1932.
9. NA RB. - F. 122. - Op. 10. - D. 6.
10. NA RB. - F. 804. - Op. 2. - D. 247.
11. NA RB. - F. 122. - Op. 10. - D. 55.
12. Ocherki po istorii Bashkirskoj ASSR [Tekst]: [V 2 t.] / [Pod red. A. P. Smirnova i dr.]; Akad. Nauk SSSR. Bashkir. filial. In-t istorii, jazyka i literatury. - Ufa: Bashknigoizdat, 1978. - T. 2.
13. Rezoljucii VIII Vsebashkirskogo s"ezda VLKSM. - Ufa, 1929.
14. Stalin I. V. Sobr. soch.: V 13 t. - M.: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo politicheskoj literatury, 1949.
15. Chirkon P. M. Reshenie zhenskogo voprosa v SSSR (1917-1937 gg.). - M.: Mysl', 1978.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Mayakunov A. E.
Alcohol intoxication and criminal liability:historical and legal aspects
This article is devoted to a historical retrospective in different eras of the problem of correlating alcoholic intoxication to aggravating or mitigating circumstances in committing a crime. The authors conclude that until the beginning of the 20th century, in the history of the law of most countries of the world, the legislator and legal doctrine attributed the state of alcoholic intoxication to mitigating circumstances in committing a crime. In pre-revolutionary Russia, legislators were forced to maneuver between the state’s interest in obtaining high incomes from alcohol trade and aiming for a sober lifestyle for their subjects.
Keywords: state of alcoholic intoxication, crime, mitigating and aggravating circumstances in committing crime, legislation on alcoholic intoxication in committing crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Berman G. Dzh. Zapadnaja tradicija prava: jepoha formirovanija / perevod s angl. R.N. Nikonova. M.: Progress, 1995. 683 s.
2. Kunaev S. S. Retrospektiva otvetstvennosti lic, sovershivshih prestuplenie v sostojanii alkogol'nogo op'janenija, v Rossii (ot Russkoj Pravdy do 1917 g.)// Izvestija TRGU. 2014. # 3. - S. 217-220. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/retrospektiva-otvetstvennosti-litssovershivshih-prestuplenie-v-sostoyanii-alkogolnogoopyaneniya-v-rossii-ot-russkoy-pravdy-do-1917/viewer (data obrashhenija: 02.04. 2021).
3. Nuriev A.D. Upotreblenie spirtnogo napitka v musul'manskom prave rannego srednevekov'ja: predmet i sostav prestuplenija // Vestnik KGU imeni N.A. Nekrasova. 2015. # 2. S. 163-166.
4. Peremolotova L.Ju., Shilov A.I. Jevoljucija norm ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva Rossii ob otvetstvennosti za prestuplenija, sovershaemye v sostojanii alkogol'nogo op'janenija // Rossijskij medikobiologicheskij vestnik akademii imeni Pavlova A.I. 2013. # 3. S. 167-172. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/evolyutsiya-norm-ugolovnogo-zakonodatelstva-rossiiob-otvetstvennosti-za-prestupleniya-sovershaemyev-sostoyanii-alkogolnogo/viewer (data obrashhenija:06.04.2021 g.).
5. Omel'chenko O.A. Vseobshhaja istorija gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnik v 2 t. Izdanie tret'e, ispravlennoe. T. 1. M.: TON – Ostozh'e, 2001. 496 s.
6. Osnovnye nachala ugolovnogo prava: perevod s francuzskogo. Vyp. 1-2 / Rossi P.L.Je.; Per.: G. Kozopoljanskij. SPb.: Tip. Ju.A. Bokrama, 1871. 698 s. Reprinternaja kopija.
7. Russkoe ugolovnoe pravo. Lekcii: Chast' obshhaja: V 2-h t.. T. 2 / Tagancev N.S.; Sost. i otv. red.: Zagorodnikov N.I. M.: Nauka, 1994. 393 c.
8. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo X- XX vekov. V 9 t. /Pod obshh. red. O.I. Chistjakova. M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1984-1994. T. 3. S. 241.
9. Spasennikov E.A. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' lic, sovershivshih prestupnoe dejanie v sostojanii alkogol'nogo op'janenija: istoriko-pravovoj aspekt //Jurist 20 veka: real'nost' i perspektivy: Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii 919-20 aprelja 2001 goda). Ekaterinburg: Izd-vo UrGJuA, 2002. S. 291-300.
10. Syma Cjan'. Istoricheskie zapiski (Shi czi). T. 2./ per. s kit. i komment. R.V. Vjatkina, V.S. Taskina; pod obshh. red. R.V. Vjatkina. M.: Progress, 2001. 640 s.
11. Tkachevskij Ju.M. Pravo i alkogolizm. M.: Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 1987. 210 s.
12. Tacit K. P. O proishozhdenii germancev i mestopolozhenii Germanii. M.: Nobel' Press. 2011. 180 s.
13. Jakunina S. N. O probleme vlijanija alkogolja na prestupnost' v sovremennom obshhestve: ugolovno-pravovoj put' preodolenija // Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija, 2011. # 3. S. 164-168.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/o-probleme-vliyaniyaalkogolya-na-prestupnost-v-sovremennom-obschestveugolovno-pravovoy-put-preodoleniya-1/viewer (data obrashhenija: 06.04.2021 g.).
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Pavlyuk I. V.
Election and appointment of bishops in the pre-Nicene period and the period of Ecumenical Councils
To regulate the activities of religious organizations, the state applies the dispositive method, allowing the internal institutions of the Church to determine the order of election and appointment of its staff according to the relevant conditions and requirements. This study analyzes the norms that establish the procedure for the election and appointment of bishops, which are contained in the epistles of the apostles, the writings of the apostolic men, as well as in the main canonical corpus of the Orthodox Church. The basic requirements for a candidate for bishop are also considered. All the analyzed sources refer to two periods of church history: the pre-Nicene and the epochs of the Ecumenical Councils, because in these periods the main existing rules of the Church are formed.
Keywords: canonical law, bishop, diocese, election of bishops, appointment of bishops, requirements for candidates for bishops, episcopal ordination, council of bishops, apostolic men, canons, Ecumenical Council.
Work bibliographic list
1. Biblija: Knigi Svjashhennogo Pisanija Vethogo i Novogo Zaveta. – M.: Rossijskoe Biblejskoe Obshhestvo, 2008. – 1296 s.
2. Dejanija Vselenskih Soborov. T. 1. – SPb., 1996. – 598 s.
3. Kanony ili Kniga Pravil, svjatyh apostolov, svjatyh soborov, vselenskih i pomestnyh, i svjatyh otcov. – SPb.: «Obshhestvo svjatitelja Vasilija Velikogo», 2000. – 432 s.
4. Nikodim (Milash) ep. Pravoslavnoe cerkovnoe pravo. – SPb.: Tipografija V. V. Komarova, 1897. –708 s.
5. Pavlov A. S. Kurs cerkovnogo prava. – SPb.: Izdatel'stvo «Lan'», 2002. – 384 s.
6. Petr (L’Juil'e) arhiep. Pravila pervyh chetyreh Vselenskih Soborov / Avtoriz. per. s franc.; Pod red. prot. Vladislava Cypina. – M.: Izd. Sretenskogo monastyrja, 2005. – 528 s.
7. Pisanija muzhej apostol'skih. – M.: Izdatel'skij Sovet Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi, 2008. – 672 s.
8. Postanovlenija Apostol'skie. – Sergiev Posad.:Svjato-Troickaja Sergieva Lavra, 2008. – 240 s.
9. Pravila svjatyh Vselenskih Soborov s tolkovanijami. – M.: «Sibirskaja Blagozvonnica», 2011. – 737, [15] s.
10. Cypin V. Prot. Kanonicheskoe pravo. – M.: Izd-vo Sretenskogo monastyrja, 2009. – 864 s.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Avramtsev V. V., Konnov I. A.
Problems of the legal status of independent experts in the public administration system of modern Russia
The article discusses issues that arise in the field of public civil service during various examinations by involving specialists from independent organizations and associations in these events. Author draws attention to the sequence of legislative changes, which affected, first of all,
the legal status of this category of experts, as well as some shortcomings of legal regulation of the sphere of public service, where the participation of independent experts is considered by the
legislator as necessary.
Keywords: public service, expertise, legislation, state commission, independent experts, attestation commission, competition commission.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.07.2004 # 79-FZ (red. Ot 02.07.2021) «O gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe Rossijskoj Federacii» // Rossijskaja gazeta. # 162. 31.07.2004. (dalee po tekstu – FZ # 79).
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.10.2020 # 346-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v stat'i 22 i 48 Federal'nogo zakona «O gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe Rossijskoj Federacii» // Rossijskaja gazeta. # 245. 29.10.2020.
3. Ukaz Gubernatora Jaroslavskoj oblasti ot 03.07.2014 # 274 «Ob organizacii raboty s nezavisimymi jekspertami» (vmeste s «Polozheniem ob organizacii raboty s nezavisimymi jekspertami», «Polozheniem o Sovete nezavisimyh jekspertov») // Dokument-Region. 2014. 8 ijulja.
4. Zakon Vladimirskoj oblasti ot 28.06.2021 # 57-OZ «O vnesenii izmenenija v stat'ju 26-1 Zakona Vladimirskoj oblasti «O gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe Vladimirskoj oblasti». Sajt «Konsul'tant Pljus». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim do-
stupa: http://www.consultant.ru/law/review/reg/rlaw/rlaw0722021-07-02.html (data obrashhenija: 12.07.2021).
5. Proekt Ukaza Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii «O sovershenstvovanii procedury vkljuchenija nezavisimyh jekspertov v sostavy konkursnyh i attestacionnyh komissij gosudarstvennyh organov» (podgotovlen Mintrudom Rossii 22.02.2018). Sajt «Garant.ru».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/56645314/ (data obrashhenija: 12.07.2021).
6. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 12 marta 2021g. # 359 «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil priglashenija i otbora nezavisimyh jekspertov, vkljuchaemyh v sostavy konkursnyh i attestacionnyh komissij federal'nyh gosudarstvennyh organov». Sajt «Garant».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/400340675/(data obrashhenija: 12.07.2021).
7. Procedura vkljuchenija nezavisimyh jekspertov v sostavy konkursnyh i attestacionnyh komissij gosudarstvennyh organov budet usovershenstvovana. Sajt «Mintrud Rossii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://mintrud.gov.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 11.07.2021).
8. Grechina L.A. Dinamika pravovogo regulirovanija instituta nezavisimyh jekspertov na gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe // Aktual'nye problemy teorii i istorii pravovoj sistemy obshhestva: nauchnyj zhurnal / gl. red. V. N. Kartashov. Jaroslavl':JarGU, 2020. # 19. S. 44-59
9. Grechina L.A. Ob izmenenii norm federal'nogo zakonodatel'stva o statuse nezavisimyh jekspertov na gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe. Aktual'nye problemy teorii i istorii pravovoj sistemy obshhestva. 2021. # 20 (20). S. 34-43.
10. Filjushhenko L.I. O kvalifikacii jekspertov v trudovom zakonodatel'stve. Pravo i praktika. 2021. # 1. S. 164-169 .
11. Cirin A.M. Antikorrupcionnaja jekspertiza v Rossii i zarubezhnyh gosudarstvah: sravnitel'no-pravovoe issledovanie. Zhurnal zarubezhnogo zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija. 2018. # 4 (71). S. 138-145.
12. Pravitel'stvo utverdilo pravila otbora nezavisimyh jekspertov dlja uchastija v rabote konkursnyh i attestacionnyh komissij. Sajt «Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://gossluzhba.gov.ru/news/8a56eba7-9285-eb11-afea-0a94ef943a49 (data obrashhenija: 12.07.2021)
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Kuznetsova T. O., Gordeychenko L. O.
The issue of human rights in Latin America in terms of the anti-globalization movement
The article examines the problems of human rights limitations in Latin America resulting from the development of globalization. At the same time the authors trace the process of formation of the anti-globalization movement, which has been actively developing in recent years. It also examines the impact of globalization on the state, sovereignty, national cultures and identities, giving in particular the example of «La Vía Campesina», an anti-globalization movement that defends the rights of peasants and indigenous groups in Latin America.
Keywords: law, human rights, globalization, anti-globalists, Latin America.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dzhordzh S. Doklad Lugano o sohranenii kapitalizma v XXI veke: per. s angl. D. Zhutaeva. – Ekaterinburg: Ul'tra. Kul'tura. – Tekst: neposredstvennyj.– 2005.
2. Mamedbekova M.O., Gasanov A.S. Social'naja priroda i formy projavlenija globalizacii // Zhurnal «Voprosy strukturizacii jekonomiki». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sotsialnaya-priroda-i-formy-proyavleniyaglobalizatsii (data obrashhenija: 11.04.2021).
3. Mihajlova A.S. Al'terglobalizm kak ideologija i praktika antiglobalizma // Zhurnal «Sociologija vlasti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/alterglobalizm-kakideologiya-i-praktika-antiglobalizma (data obrashhenija: 07.04.2021).
4. Popova L.L. Dissertacija na soiskanie uch. Stepeni k. polit. n. Global'nye i regional'nye faktory jevoljucii levogo radikalizma v Latinskoj Amerike (nachalo XXI veka). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://disser.spbu.ru/files/disser2/disser/d7z-
7Dp0vrH.pdf (data obrashhenija: 21.03.2021).
5. Stepin V.S. Privetstvennoe slovo // Zhurnal «Vek globalizacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/privetstvieakademika-v-s-stepina (data obrashhenija:17.03.2021).
6. Hardt M., Negri A. Imperija: per. s angl. / pod red. G.V. Kamenskoĭ, M.S. Fetisova. – M.: Praksis. –Tekst: neposredstvennyj, 2004.
7. Homskiĭ N. Pribyl' na ljudjah: per. s angl. B.M. Skuratova. – M.: Praksis, – Tekst: neposredstvennyj, 2002.
8. Catolicismo, movimientos eclesiales y globalización en Latinoamérica. / Abelardo Jorge Soneira. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/28242083_Catolicismo_movimientos_eclesiales_y_globalizacion_en_Latinoamerica (data obrashhenija: 01.04.2021)
9. El zapatismo y los derechos de los pueblos indígenas. /Pablo González Casanova. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://biblioteca.clacso.edu.ar/ar/libros/osal/osal4/analisis.pdf (data obrashhenija:12.04.2021).
10. Estimación de las violaciones de los derechos de los campesinos / Christophe Golay. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://base.d-p-h.info/es/fiches/dph/fiche-dph-8098.html (data obrashhenija: 10.04.2021).
11. Impactos Socio-Políticos de la Globalización en América Latina / Darío Menanteau Horta. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://revistas.uach.cl/pdf/racs/n6/art02.pdf (data obrashhenija: 25.04.2021).
12. Los desafíos de la globalización en América Latina: ¿Estado o región? / L. Oyarzún Serrano. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://scielo.conicyt.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-23762018000100164(data obrashhenija:11.04.2021).
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Teplyakov I. I.
Influence of the Constitution of the RSFSR of 1918 on the development of modern Russian
Constitutionalism
This study reveals the normative and doctrinal characteristics of the Constitution of the RSFSR of 1918 - the first constitution in the history of the Russian state. The views of Soviet and Russian researchers of public law on the significance of the Constitution of the RSFSR of 1918 as a source of constitutionalism and its influence on the subsequent development of the process of state building and the development of domestic science of public law are generalized. The author’s analysis of the reception of the current Constitution of the Russian Federation of December 12, 1993 from the first socialist constitution in the history of Russia is presented. In the conclusion, the conclusion is substantiated about the need for further scientific research of the Constitution of the RSFSR of 1918 in the context of the development of Russian constitutionalism and the study of its current state.
Keywords: constitutionalism, public law, the Constitution of the RSFSR of 1918, the Constitution of the Russian Federation, competence, foundations of the constitutional system, government bodies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avak'jan S.A. Konstitucija Rossii: priroda, jevoljucija, sovremennost'. – M., 1997. – 512 s.
2. Verevkina Ju.Ju. Vzaimootnoshenija konstitucii i konstitucionalizma v Rossii: avtoref. … dis.kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.02. – M., 2013. – 31 s.
3. Vydrin I.V. Mestnoe samoupravlenie v Rossijskoj Federacii: ot idei k praktike (konstitucionno-pravovoj aspekt): dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk: 12.00.02.– Sverdlovsk, 1987. – 276 s.
4. Konstitucija RSFSR ot 10.07.1918 // Izvestija VCIK.– 1918. – # 151.
5. Mitjukov M.A. Zarozhdenie idej konstitucionnogo pravosudija v Rossii (XIX – nachalo XX v.v.) // Pravovedenie. # 11. 1996. Stat'ja perepechatana v sb.: Konstitucionnoe pravosudie: Vestnik konferencii organov konstitucionnogo kontrolja stran molodoj demokratii // Konstitucionnyj Sud Respubliki Armenija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.concourt.am/ hr/ccl/vestnik/1.11-2001/Mityukov.htm (data obrashhenija: 23.04.2018).
6. Plotnikov A.A. Konstitucija RSFSR 1918 goda(istoriko-pravovoe issledovanie): dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.01. – M., 2003. – 167 s.
7. Rejsner M.A. Obshhee uchenie o gosudarstve. – M.,1911. – 294 s.
8. Skuratov Ju.I. Sistema socialisticheskogo samoupravlenija sovetskogo naroda: problemy teorii i praktiki konstitucionno-pravovogo regulirovanija: dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk: 12.00.01. – Sverdlovsk, 1987. – 432 s.
9. Chistjakov O.I. Konstitucija RSFSR 1918 goda. – M., 1984. – 206 s.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Szydlowski A. V.
Electoral justice of Paraguay
The Republic of Paraguay, like many other countries, has passed a long path of development – from a colonial possession to a modern independent democratic state. The main guarantees provided by a democratic State are control over the correctness of holding referendums and elections, as well as the ability to resolve electoral disputes and protect the right to vote.
In the article, the author analyzes the features of electoral justice in the Republic of Paraguay and concludes that in the Republic of Paraguay, on the one hand, there is a coherent system of electoral justice, clothed in the appropriate legal framework. However, when analyzing the legislative provisions designed to ensure the effectiveness of electoral justice, it becomes clear that in reality the legal norms regulating electoral justice in Paraguay are ambiguous and contradictory, and this is manifested in the inconsistency of certain legislative norms that fix the legal framework of electoral justice with constitutional provisions, and in the presence of legislative gaps that lead to legal uncertainty regarding the application and different interpretations of such provisions. In addition, the mechanism established in the Republic of Paraguay for resolving complaints and appeals does not provide for timely and effective legal protection. Meanwhile, the institution of electoral justice itself objectively shows its effectiveness and is recommended for implementation in the Russian Federation in the form of an autonomous system of electoral courts, including the Federal Electoral Court, Electoral Courts of the constituent entities of the Federation, Municipal Electoral Courts and Electoral judges corps of polling stations.
Keywords: electoral justice, Electoral Court, Paraguay, electoral law, judicial bodies, national law, Supreme Court, legal uncertainty.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Paragvaja. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.constituteproject.org/constitution/Paraguay_2011?lang=en (data obrashhenija:21.06.2021).
2. Oficial'nyj sajt zakonodatel'nyh aktov Respubliki Paragvaj. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.loc.gov/law/help/guide/nations/paraguay.php da (data obrashhenija: 21.06.2021).
3. Sovremennye izbiratel'nye sistemy. Vyp. 5: Indija, Irak, Urugvaĭ, JuAR / N. B. Shlykova, M. A. Sapronova, A. G. Orlov, E. V. Cherepanova; nauch. red. A. V. Ivanchenko, V. I. Lafitskiĭ. – M.: RCOIT, 2010. – S. 56.
4. Sravnitel'noe konstitucionnoe pravo / [V. E. Chirkin, Ju. A. Judin, M. A. Nikiforova i dr.; Redkol.: V.E. Chirkin (otv. red.) i dr.]; Ros. akad. nauk, In-t gosudarstva i prava. – M.: Izd. firma «Manuskript», 1996.– 728 s.
5. Carter M. Democracia, sociedad civil y participación popular en América Latina. – 2012. – Novapolis 5. – R. 77-112.
6. Levitsky S., Murillo M. V. Building Institutions on Weak Foundations // Journal of Democracy. – 24(2). – 2013. – R. 93-107.
7. Liliana Rocío Duarte-Recalde. Democracy and Representation in Paraguay Universidad Católica «Nuestra Señora de la Asunción» // SSRN Electronic Journal. – 10(1). – March 2017. – R. 65-88.
8. Paraguay – Election 2018. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/paraguay/politics-2018.htm# (data obrashhenija:21.06.2021).
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Yadreev I. V.
National (ethnic) peculiarities of legal regulation of the territorial organization of local self-government at the regional level
The article analyzes the modern legal regulation of the territorial organization of local self-government in the subjects of the Russian Federation, taking into account the national (ethnic) composition of the population. The main attention is paid to the analysis of the norms of regional legislation on national municipalities and national administrative-territorial units and other cases of accounting for the national composition of the population at the local level. It is concluded that the national characteristics of the population can be taken into account in the territorial organization of local self-government.
Keywords: territorial organization of local self-government, administrative-territorial division, federalism, national relations, protection of the rights of indigenous peoples, national district.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dan'ko A.A. Problemy territorial'nogo ustrojstva sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2015.
2. Narutto S.V. Osobye territorial'nye edinicy sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii // Aktual'nye problemy Rossijskogo prava. – 2013. – # 4. – S. 57.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Bakulina I. P.
Problems of bringing to administrative responsibility for violation of sanitary and epidemiological rules during the period of the quarantine and high alert regimes
The article examines the problems of bringing to administrative responsibility for violation of sanitary and epidemiological rules in the context of a coronavirus infection pandemic (COVID-19). The analysis of changes in legislation during a pandemic is carried out.
The problems of the requirements of administrative offenses in the field of sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population, as well as the problems of the ratio of administrative and criminal responsibility have been identified. Proposals are formulated to improve administrative responsibility in the field of health protection.
Keywords: administrative liability, human health and epidemiological wellbeing, pandemic COVID-19, high-alert mode, quarantine, self-isolation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agal'cova M. V., Imanova T. V. kyzy. Samoizoljacija:analiz zakonnosti i konstitucionnosti antivirusnyh mer // Zakon. - 2020. - # 5. - S. 60-70.
2. Varlamova N. V. Pandemija COVID-19 kak vyzov konstitucionnomu pravoporjadku // Sravnitel'noe konstitucionnoe obozrenie. - 2020. - # 6. - S. 17-30.
3. Popova N. F. Mery administrativnogo prinuzhdenija, primenjaemye dlja obespechenija sanitarno-jepidemiologicheskogo blagopoluchija naselenija // Rossijskaja justicija. - 2021. - # 3. - S. 16-19.
4. Shuruhanova D. N., Komovkina L. S. Administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie rezhima povyshennoj gotovnosti // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2020. - # 4. - S. 223-237.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Butc S. B., Evsikova E. V., Pononomarev A. V.
To the question of reforming administrative-tort legislation in the sphere of administrative responsibility of officers and individual entrepreneurs
The article analyzes and reveals the features of the administrative responsibility of officials and individual entrepreneurs in accordance with the administrative-tort legislation of the Russian Federation, and also analyzes the administrative-tort legislation of different countries (the Republic of Belarus, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan). On the basis of the analysis carried out, the authors make their proposals for improving the administrative and tort legislation in this area.
Keywords: administrative responsibility, administrative and tort legislation, officials, individual
entrepreneurs.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah» ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 11.06.2021). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34661/.
2. Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii chast' pervaja ot 31 ijulja 1998 g. # 146-FZ i chast' vtoraja ot 5 avgusta 2000 g. # 117-FZ (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://base.garant.ru/10900200/1/#block_10001.
3. Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo prava:Uchebnoe posobie dlja bakalavrov i magistrov / I. V. Bondarchuk, S. B. Buc, V. Ju. Dokuchaeva [i dr.]; Pod nauchnoj redakciej M. I. Nikulina. – Simferopol': Obshhestvo s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju «Izdatel'stvo Tipografija «Arial», 2018. – 188 s. – ISBN 9785907032576
4. Buc S. B., Evsikova E. V., Ponomarev A. V. K voprosu o reformirovanii administrativno-deliktnogo zakonodatel'stva i zakonodatel'nom opredelenii ponjatija «administrativnaja otvetstvennost'» // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 5 (144).– S. 154-156.
5. Kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 5 ijulja 2014 goda # 235-V (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 01.07.2017g.). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=31577399#pos=0;0.
6. Kodeks Respubliki Tadzhikistan ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 31 dekabrja 2008 goda #455 (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=30414710.
7. Proekt novogo Kodeksa RF ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/law/doc/pr_koan/.
8. Rudenko A. V. Primenenie zakonodatel'stva sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnoj otvetstvennosti // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2017. – # 3. – S. 240-241.

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Vorontsova M. A.
Features of the administrative jurisdiction of the commissions for the affairs of minors and the protection of their rights
The article is devoted to the analysis of the legal regulation of the activities of commissions on juvenile affairs and the protection of their rights. Special attention is paid to the specifics of the administrative and jurisdictional activities of this institute. The article substantiates the need for preventive work with the children’s population of the country to prevent involvement in illegal activities, as well as to improve the institution of commissions for minors and the protection of their rights.
Keywords: jurisdictional activity, administrative jurisdiction, powers of the commission for the affairs of minors and the protection of their rights, the child.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru. (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
2. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija:05.07.2021).
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 24.06.1999 # 120-FZ (red. Ot 24.04.2020) «Ob osnovah sistemy profilaktiki beznadzornosti i pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru. (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
4. Zakon g. Moskvy ot 13.04.2005 # 12 «Ob organizacii dejatel'nosti komissij po delam nesovershennoletnih i zashhite ih prav» // Vedomosti Moskovskoj gorodskoj Dumy. - 09.06.2005. - # 5. - St. 67.
5. Zakon Novosibirskoj oblasti ot 05.12.2017 # 224-OZ «O porjadke sozdanija i osushhestvlenija dejatel'nosti komissij po delam nesovershennoletnih i zashhite ih prav na territorii Novosibirskoj oblasti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostura:http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/5400201712060019?index=0&rangeSize=1 (data obrashhenija:05.07.2021).
6. Zakon Sankt-Peterburga ot 08.05.2007 # 160–32 «O komissijah po delam nesovershennoletnih i zashhite ih prav» (prinjat ZS SPb 11.04.2007) // Sankt-Peterburgskie vedomosti. - # 93. - 24.05.2007.
7. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 06.05.2006 #272 (red. ot 18.08.2018) «O Pravitel'stvennoj komissii po delam nesovershennoletnih i zashhite ih prav» (vmeste s «Polozheniem o Pravitel'stvennoj komissii po delam nesovershennoletnih i zashhite ih prav»). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: _______http://www.pravo.gov.ru. (data obrashhenija:05.07.2021).
8. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 06.11.2013 #995 (red. ot 10.02.2020) «Ob utverzhdenii Primernogo polozhenija o komissijah po delam nesovershennoletnih i zashhite ih prav». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
9. Banshhikova S. L. Komissii po delam nesovershennoletnih i zashhite ih prav: perspektivy dejatel'nosti v Rossii // Vestnik Sibirskogo instituta biznesa i informacionnyh tehnologij. - 2018. - #3. - S. 85-91.
10. Vasil'eva Ja. V. Administrativno-jurisdikcionnye polnomochija komissij po delam nesovershennoletnih i zashhite ih prav i ih rol' v profilaktike prestuplenij i inyh pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih // Vestnik instituta: prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie. - 2016. - # 3. - S. 34-39.
11. Korchagina E. Ju. Administrativno-jurisdikcionnaja dejatel'nost' komissij po delam nesovershennoletnih: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.14.- Omsk, 2001.
12. Kudin V. A., Gutman M. Ju. Profilaktika beznadzornosti i prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih:istoricheskij opyt pravovogo regulirovanija //Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2016. - # 4. - S. 14-30.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Zakopyrin V. N., Konkov R. A.
Tasks of administrative responsibility of civil servants
This article discusses the tasks of administrative responsibility of civil servants, including military personnel and persons equated to them when they are released from administrative responsibility and its replacement with disciplinary responsibility. The necessity of administrative responsibility of civil servants on a general basis is justified from the point of view of the tasks to be solved and the principles of the administrative process.
Keywords: administrative responsibility, disciplinary responsibility, tasks of administrative responsibility, tasks of disciplinary responsibility, service discipline, principles of administrative
process, civil servant.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dazmarova T. N., Zakopyrin V. N., Sulejmanov T.A. Otvetstvennost' rabotnikov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy za peredachu libo popytku peredachi zapreshhennyh predmetov licam, soderzhashhimsja v mestah lishenija svobody / ucheb. posobie. - Rjazan'.Akademija FSIN Rossii, 2019. - 118 s.
2. Zakopyrin V. N. Aktual'nye voprosy zameny administrativnoj otvetstvennosti na disciplinarnuju// Administrativnaja dejatel'nost' pravoohranitel'nyh organov Rossijskoj Federacii i zarubezhnyh stran. - Rjazan', 2019. - S. 139-143.
3. Karimova G. Ju., Sulejmanova I. E. K voprosu o sushhnosti administrativnoj otvetstvennosti //Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo i administrativno-processual'nogo prava (Sorokinskie chtenija). - Sankt-Peterburg, 2021. - S. 296-302, 414.
4. Timohov V. P. Jeffektivnost' pravoprimenitel'noj dejatel'nosti (teoretiko-prikladnoj aspekt). Avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk / Sankt-Peterburgskij universitet MVD RF. - Sankt-Peterburg, 2002. - S. 24.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Pavlov N. V., Fedonkin Yu. N.
General and distinctive features of administrative and legal fictions in the mechanism of legal regulation of public relations
In this article, the authors examined the general and distinctive features of administrative and legal fictions in the mechanism of state regulation. The characteristic features of legal and illegal legal fictions have been determined. Examples of the generation of legal consequences by administrativelegal  fictions, which are given the importance of legal facts, are given.
Keywords: legal fiction, administrative and legal fiction, legal regulation mechanism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 09.03.2021) // «Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii». – 07.01.2002. – # 1 (ch. 1). – St. 1.
2. Zherebcov A. N., Pavlov N. V., Administrativnaja pravoprimenitel'naja praktika: teoreticheskij i prakticheskie aspekty: monografija. – M.: Justicin-form, 2018.
3. Zherebcov A. N., Pavlov N. V., Jushko A. V., Pravovye fikcii v mehanizme administrativno-pravovogo regulirovanija upravlencheskih otnoshenij: monografija; pod nauchnoj redakciej A. N. Zherebcova.– M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2021. – 183 s.
4. Levchenko V. B. Pravovye prezumpcii i fikcii kak priemy juridicheskoj tehniki v administrativnyh procedurah (Teoreticheskij aspekt) // Vestnik universiteta imeni O. E. Kutafina (MGJuA). – 2016. –# 5. – S. 215-221.
5. Rezin'kov P. M. Juridicheskaja fikcija: teoretiko-pravovoj analiz: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk.– Volgograd, 2012. – 20 s.
6. Tihomirov Ju. A., Kotelevskaja I. V. Pravovye akty:ucheb. posobie. – M.: Tihomirov M. Ju., 1999. – 204 s.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Volkova E. A.
Participation of strategic joint-stock companies in the process of law genesis and lawmaking
The article is devoted to the issue of reveal of elements of the competence of ruling subjects, mainly public authorities, in the administrative legal status of strategic joint-stock companies on the example of their participation in the process of law genesis and rulemaking activities. The topic is disclosed on the materials of the railway industry. The article also notes other features of the administrative legal status of strategic joint-stock companies and the reasons for endowing the specificity of this type of subjects of administrative law:their special connection with the state. This connection is revealed by the establishment of strategic joint-stock companies by the means of legal acts, during their operation by maintaining control over the adoption of the most important decisions by the state, normative setting of goals for the activities of strategic joint-stock companies and their orientation, first of all, to the public interest and national problems. This is the reason for the state’s recognition of the special status of strategic joint-stock companies, the need to take their opinion into account in the implementation of legal regulation in a particular branch of economic activity. In this regard the state can legislatively consolidate the right of strategic joint-stock companies to participate in the process of law genesis and lawmaking activities, what is clearly demonstrated by the example of Russian Railways.
Keywords: subjects of administrative law, administrative legal status, strategic joint-stock companies, law genesis, lawmaking, powers, competence, ruling subject, public authority.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nersesjanc V.S. Pravo i zakon: Iz istorii pravovyh uchenij. M., 1983. 366 s.
2. Sivolobova A.A. Stadii normotvorchestva organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti Rossijskoj Federacii // Izvestija Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A. I. Gercena. 2008. # 58. S. 287-292.
3. Tihomirov Ju.A. Administrativnoe pravo i process: polnyj kurs. M., 2001. 652 s.
4. Tihomirov Ju.A. Pravo i samoregulirovanie //Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2005. # 9. S. 86-96.
5. Trofimov V.V. Pravoobrazovanie v sovremennom obshhestve: aktual'nye aspekty teorii i metodologii // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2010. # 5.S. 50-57.
6. Umanskaja V.P. Pravovye osnovanija prinjatija pravovyh aktov federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti // Administrativnoe pravo i process. 2013.# 11. S. 55-57.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Kapkova M. A.
Problems and prospects for Improving the legal basis of administrative responsibility for beating against minors and (or) with their participation
The article is devoted to the study of the problem of violence against minors. Assessing the materials of law enforcement practice and statistics, formulated at the doctrinal level of the position regarding the essence of manifestations of violence against minors, the author identifies two aspects of the stated problem: bullying and domestic violence. The essence of these concepts and the position of the legislator on administrative responsibility for their commission are analyzed. As a result of the study, proposals are made to supplement the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation with norms on the qualified composition of beatings when they are committed against minors.
Keywords: administrative responsibility, minor, beatings, family violence, bullying, parents, education, punishment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Baguckij N. V. Problema dekriminalizacii poboev v sovremennom rossijskom zakonodatel'stve // V sbornike: HIV Derzhavinskie chtenija v Respublike Mordovija. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii: V dvuh chastjah. Sredne-
Volzhskij institut (filial) VGUJu (RPA Minjusta Rossii). - 2018. - S. 203-209.
2. Bezruchko E. V. K voprosu ob ustanovlenii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za nanesenie poboev // Jurist"-Pravoved". - 2017. - # 1. - S. 36-40.
3. Voroshilova S. V., Muzykankina Ju. A. Dekriminalizacija poboev: starye tradicii i sovremennye realii // Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj juridicheskoj akademii. - 2019. - # 4 (129). - S. 15-22.
4. Gosudarstvennyj doklad o polozhenii detej i semej, imejushhih detej, v Rossijskoj Federacii za 2019 god (data podpisanija: 15.12.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mintrud.gov.ru/docs/1392 (data obrashhenija: 01.07.2021).
5. Purge A. R. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost' v semejnyh pravootnoshenijah // Administrativnoe i municipal'noe pravo. - 2017. - # 9. - S. 1-9.
6. Statistika dnja: 52 % podrostkov stalkivajutsja s travlej v shkolah / IL Rambler. - 2019. - 31 oktjabrja.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://news.rambler.ru/sociology/43085636-statistika-dnya-52-podrostkov-stalkivayutsya-s-travley-v-shkolah/.
7. Sudebnaja statistika RF. Administrativnye pravonarushenija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://stat.api-press.rf/stats/adm/t/31/s/66 (data obrashhenija: 02.07.2021).
8. Churaeva K. S. Sushhnost' ponjatija «bulling», ego soderzhatel'naja harakteristika // V sbornike: Luchshaja nauchnaja stat'ja. 2021. sbornik statej XLII Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo konkursa.- Penza, 2021. - S. 74-77.
9. Shuruhnova D. N., Kruchok E. A. Otvetstvennost' za poboi i nasil'stvennye dejstvija v otnoshenii blizkih lic // Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo prava i processa. - 2018. - # 2. - S. 34-36.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Pavlov N. V., Bryantseva A. R., Gorelikova Kh. A.
Administrative investigation of offenses as administrative fiction
This article provides a legal analysis of the administrative investigation of offenses as an administrative and legal fiction. In turn, an administrative investigation as an administrative-legal phenomenon and procedural fiction is a complicated form of administrativejurisdictional proceedings in cases of administrative offenses and at the same time a stage of this production. Of course, this topic is relevant at the present time. The results of this study allow you to deepen your knowledge.
Keywords: administrative law, offense, administrative investigation, administrative and legal fiction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks RF ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30 dekabrja 2001 g. # 195-FZ (v red. 24.03.2021) //Sobranie Zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2002. – # 1 (ch. 1).– St. 1.
2. Baburin I. V. Administrativnoe pravo. – M.:Shhit-M, 2015.
3. Bulgakov A. N., Zherebcov A. N., Pavlov N. V. Administrativnoe rassledovanija pravonarushenij v oblasti dorozhnogo dvizhenija: uchebnoe posobie. – M.:Jurajt, 2020.
4. Zherebcov A. N., Pavlov N. V., Jushko A. V. Pravovye fikcii v mehanizme administrativno-pravovogo regulirovanija upravlencheskih otnoshenij. – Moskva, 2020.
5. Zrelov A. P. Administrativnoe rassledovanie narushenij zakonodatel'stva v oblasti nalogov i sborov: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2005.
6. Jashkina A. N. Administrativnoe pravo. – Spb.:Jurajt, 2013.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Saitkhodzhaev B. Kh.
Control and supervision in the administrative activities of the GUOBDD MIA of the Kyrgyz Republic
In this article, based on the analysis of scientific works in the field of administrative law and administrative activity, the current problems of the relationship between the concepts of “control” and “supervision” are considered, and the most general multifaceted definition of these terms is formulated, which makes it possible to avoid conceptual ambiguity and theoretical destructiveness in law enforcement, not only The Main Directorate for Road Safety of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic and other authorized state bodies, but also all other interested subjects, to clarify the development of theoretical structures and improvement of regulatory legal acts of the Kyrgyz Republic in the field of road safety.
Keywords: control, supervision, function, safety, traffic.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borbiev B. I. Administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie kontrol'noj i nadzornoj dejatel'nosti Glavnogo upravlenija bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija MVD Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki i ego territorial'nyh podrazdelenij. – Bishkek, 2011.
2. Sheripov N. T. Administrativnoe pravo Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki. – Bishkek, 2008.
3. Bahrah D. N. Administrativnoe pravo Rossii. – M., 2000.
4. Bahrah D. N., Rossinskij B. V., Starilov Ju. N. Administrativnoe pravo. – 3-e izd., peresmotr. i dop.– M., 2007.
5. Bahaev A. A. Administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie dorozhnogo dvizhenija: voprosy bezopasnosti i otvetstvennosti: Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M.:RUDN, 2009.
6. Dmitriev A. T. Pravovye i organizacionnye problemy administrativnogo nadzora OVD: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 1998.
7. Ismonzoda S. M. Administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie kontrol'no-nadzornoj dejatel'nosti v oblasti obespechenija bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija Respubliki Tadzhikistan. Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2019.
8. Sergeev S. A. Administrativno-pravovoj status GIBDD kak sub"ekta kontrol'no-nadzornyh pravo-otnoshenij: Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M.: Moskovskij universitet MVD Rossii, 2007.
9. Kozlov Ju. M. Administrativnoe pravo v voprosah i otvetah. – M., 2001.
10. Kocherin E. A. Kontrol' v processe upravlenija predprijatiem. – M., 1986.
11. Tarasov A. M. Problemy zakonodatel'nogo obespechenija gosudarstvennogo kontrolja // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2004. – # 10. – S. 17-21.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Krasnova E. M.
On the concept and essence of administrative and jurisdictional powers of a police officer
The article clarifies and reveals the essence of the concepts of “jurisdiction”, “administrative jurisdiction”, administrative and jurisdictional powers of police officials in the proceedings on administrative offenses.
Keywords: jurisdiction, administrative jurisdiction, internal affairs bodies (police), administrative offense, administrative-jurisdictional powers, proceedings in cases of administrative offenses.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.02.2011 # 3-FZ (red. Ot 05.04.2021) «O policii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2011. # 7. St. 900.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 21.12.2016 N 699 (red. Ot 01.06.2021) «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o Ministerstve vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii i Tipovogo polozhenija o territorial'nom organe Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii po sub"ektu Rossijskoj Federacii» [Jelektronnyj resurs] // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 08.06.2021).
3. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 30.08.2017 # 685 «O dolzhnostnyh licah Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii, upolnomochennyh sostavljat' protokoly ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah i osushhestvljat' administrativnoe zaderzhanie» [Jelektronnyj resurs] // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 08.04.2021).
4. Federal'nyj zakon RF ot 30 nojabrja 2011 g. # 342-FZ «O sluzhbe v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii i vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 30.11.2011. # 49. St. 7020.
5. Aleksandrov N.G. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. M., 1968.
6. Alekseev S.S. Gosudarstvo i pravo. Nachal'nyj kurs.– M.: Jurist, 1994.
7. Golovko V. V. Ponjatie i priznaki administrativnoj jurisdikcii // Nauchnyj vestnik Omskoj akademii MVD Rossii. – 2014. – # 4 (55). – S. 60-62.
8. Dvoreckij I.H. Latinsko-russkij slovar', 4-e izdanie – M.,Russkij jazyk, 1996. – 846 s.
9. Denisenko V. V. Kommentarij k Kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah: obshhie polozhenija; Krasnodarskij un-t MVD Rossii. – Krasnodar: Krasnodarskij un-t MVD Rossii, 2015. – 176 s.
10. Dugenec A. S. Administrativno-jurisdikcionnyj process. – M.: VNII MVD, 2003. – 274 s.
11. Komlev S. V. Administrativno-jurisdikcionnyj process: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2008.
12. Kononov P.I. Administrativnyj process v Rossii: problemy teorii i zakonodatel'nogo regulirovanija. – Kirov, 2001. – 180 s.
13. Konstitucionnoe pravo Rossii: Uchebnik // A.N. Kokotov M.I. Kukushkin. M.: Jurist", 2003. – 538 s.
14. Korenev A. P. Administrativnoe pravo Rossii: ucheb.: v 3 ch. – M.: MJuI MVD Rossii: Shhit-M, 1999.– Ch. I. – S. 22.
15. Kurakin A.V., Kostennikov M.V., Obydenov V.V. K voprosu o sootnoshenii ponjatij «administrativnyj process» i «administrativnaja jurisdikcija» v dejatel'nosti policii // Policejskaja dejatel'nost'. – 2014. – # 2. – S. 55.
16. Lazarev B.M. Kompetencija organov upravlenija. –M., 1972. – 250 s.
17. Maslennikov M.Ja. Administrativno-jurisdikci-onnyj process: ponjatie i sootnoshenie s inymi vidami processual'no-pravovoj dejatel'nosti // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 2001. – # 2. – S. 15.
18. Mustaev R. Sh., Romanjuk V. S., Ponjatie jurisdikcionnoj kompetencii organov vnutrennih del i voprosy ee pravovogo regulirovanija // Vestnik Kazanskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii, 2013, # 3. – S. 24-28.
19. Ponikarov V.A. Osnovy administrativno-jurisdikcionnoj dejatel'nosti v ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sisteme. M., 2007.
20. Soldatov A. P. O novom podhode k opredeleniju polnomochij organov vnutrennih del (policii) po rassmotreniju del ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah // Juridicheskij vestnik Kubanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2020. – # 3 – S. 90-93.
21. Shevcov A.V. O soderzhanii ponjatija «administrativnaja jurisdikcija policii MVD Rossii» // Trudy Akademii upravlenija MVD Rossii. – 2020. – #1 (53). – S.35.
22. Shergin A.P. Administrativnaja jurisdikcija. – M.:Jurid. lit., 1979. – 144 s.
23. Jakimov A.Ju. Administrativno-jurisdikcionnyj process i administrativno-jurisdikcionnoe proizvodstvo // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1999. # 3. – S. 5.
 
CIVIL LAW
Abdujalilov A.
Conclusion of a contract on the internet
Contractual relations in the virtual space of the Internet today are of undoubted scientific and theoretical interest, since such relations on the Internet have become an everyday reality. In this article, the author presents a scientific analysis of the stages of concluding a contract on the Internet. The scientific and theoretical analysis of the problem shows that there are many gaps in the mechanism of legal regulation of contracts concluded in electronic form in the virtual space of the Internet, which need regulatory registration. The author believes that electronic contract law strongly requires its legislative formalization.
Keywords: contract, Internet, offer, acceptance, contract form, electronic contract, signature, legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abdudzhalilov A. Obshhee uchenie ob Internete. – Dushanbe: «JeR-graf», 2018.
2. Abdudzhalilov A., Shamolov A. A. O ponjatii vremeni v Internete // Izvestija Instituta filosofii, politologii i prava Akademii nauk Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe, 2014. – # 1.
3. Bachilo I. L. Informacionnoe pravo. Uchebnik dlja magistrov. – M.: Jurajt. 2013.
4. Bogdanov E. V. Dogovory v sfere predprinimatel'stva. – M.: Prospekt, 2018.
5. Braginskij M. I., Vitrjanskij V. V. Dogovornoe pravo. Obshhie polozhenija. – M., 2020.
6. Bratoshek M. Rimskoe pravo (Ponjatija, terminy, opredelenija). – M.: Jurid. lit., 1989.
7. Verdnikov V. G., Skargo V. I. Zakljuchenie hozjajstvennogo dogovora // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1974. – # 1.
8. Grazhdanskoe pravo. Uchebnik. V 2 t. T. 2. Objazatel'stvennoe pravo. – Otv. red. E. A. Suhanov. – M.: Statut, 2015.
9. Grazhdanskoe pravo. Aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki / Pod obshh. red. V. A. Belova. – M.:Jurajt, 2017. – T. 1.
10. Didenko A. G. Uslovija predvaritel'nogo dogovora i ih znachenie // V sb. «Grazhdanskoe zakonodatel'stvo. Stat'i. Kommentarii. Praktika». – Almaty:Kaspijskij universitet, 2018. – Vyp. 55.
11. Dmitrik N. A. Osushhestvlenie sub"ektivnyh grazhdanskih prav s ispol'zovaniem seti Internet. –M.: Volters Kluver, 2006.
12. Elin V. M. Pravovaja harakteristika dogovorov, zakljuchaemyh v internet-srede. – M.: Gosudarstvo i pravo, 2012. – # 12.
13. Efimova L. Pravovye osobennosti sdelok v jelektronnoj forme v bankovskoj praktike // Hozjajstvo i pravo. – # 7. – 2012.
14. Imasheva G. K. Sootnoshenie normativnogo dogovora i pravovogo obychaja v romano-germanskoj pravovoj sisteme // Zakon i pravo. – 2014. – # 2.
15. Ioffe O. S. Izbrannye trudy. V 4 t. T. 3. Objazatel'stvennoe pravo. – SPb., Juridicheskij centr Press, 2004.
16. Krasavchikov O. A. Kategorii nauki grazhdanskogo prava: Izbrannye trudy: v 2 t. T. 2. – M.: Statut, 2005.
17. Kaljatin V. O. Pravo v sfere Interneta. – M.: Norma, 2004.
18. Kemradzh A. S. K voprosu o jurisdikcii gosudarstva v otnoshenii otdel'nyh segmentov seti Internet // Pravovye aspekty ispol'zovanija internet-tehnologij. – 2005. – # 7.
19. Men'shenin P. A. Predvaritel'nyj dogovor v rossijskom grazhdanskom prave. Dis. … kand. jurid.nauk. – M., 2011.
20. Novickij I. B. Sdelki. Iskovaja davnost'. – M.: Gosjurizdat, 1954.
21. Ojgenziht V. A. Volja i voleiz"javlenie. Ocherki teorii, filosofii i psihologii prava // V sb. V. A. Ojgenziht. Izbrannye trudy. – Dushanbe, TNU, 2019.
22. Pozdnysheva E. V. Rastorzhenie i izmenenie grazhdansko-pravovogo dogovora. – M.: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii, 2018.
23. Pravovye sistemy stran mira. – M.: Norma –Infra-M, 2001.
24. Pokrovskij I. A. Osnovnye problemy grazhdanskogo prava. – M.: Statut, 2009.
25. Rahimzoda M. Z. Izbrannye trudy po grazhdanskomu i predprinimatel'skomu pravu. – Dushanbe: «Buhoro», 2014.
26. Rimskoe chastnoe pravo / pod red. I. B. Novickogo, I. S. Preterskogo. – M.: KNORUS, 2017.
27. Savel'ev A. I. Jelektronnaja kommercija v Rossii i za rubezhom: pravovoe regulirovanie. – M.: Statut, 2014.
28. Sal'nikova L. V. Sdelki v Internet. Sovetuet jurist. – Rostov-na-Donu: Feniks, 2006.
29. Sovershenstvovanie chastnopravovyh osnov zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Tadzhikistan v 2015-2019 gg.– Dushanbe: Donish, 2021.
30. Shevchenko E. E. Zakljuchenie grazhdansko-pravovyh dogovorov: problemy teorii i sudebno-arbitrazhnoj praktiki. – M.: Infotropik Media, 2012.
31. Shanaurina Ju. V. Institut predvaritel'nogo dogovora v grazhdanskom prave Rossii. – Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg, 2006.
32. Cvetkov I. Nekotorye voprosy sobljudenija pis'mennoj formy dogovora // Hozjajstvo i pravo. –2003. – # 2.
 
CIVIL LAW
Ananjeva E. O., Ivliev P. V.
Informatization and mass media as ways of developing the Russian economy in modern conditions
This article examines the current aspects of the formation and further development of the digital economy in the Russian Federation. The historical features influencing the formation of the innovative economy in Russia are touched upon. The foreign experience of using information and communication technologies by foreign states is analyzed. The prospects for the development of an innovative economy in Russia are considered. Legislative measures are proposed to accelerate the development of the digital economy in our state.
Keywords: information and communication technologies, digital economy, automation, computerization, innovative economy, software, operating systems, information space, mass media, mass media, objects of civil rights, civil law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 09.05.2017g. # 203 «O Strategii razvitija informacionnogo obshhestva v Rossijskoj Federacii na 2017–2030 gody».
2. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 15 aprelja 2014 g.# 313 «Ob utverzhdenii gosudarstvennoj programmy Rossijskoj Federacii «Informacionnoe obshhestvo».
 
CIVIL LAW
Igbaeva G.R.
Legal consequences of transformational processes in the field of labor in the context of digitalization
The article attempts to model the possible legal consequences of transformational processes in the field of labor in the context of digitalization. The priority areas of labor law that require priority legal regulation are identified: the problems of employment and the acquisition of new skills by employees, new standards of the labor regime, ensuring the safety of joint work with artificial intelligence, the organization of labor relations using new technologies.
Keywords: digitalization, labor, employee, employment, workplace, automation, work mode, artificial intelligence, security, labor relations, legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Sankt-Peterburgskogo gorodskogo suda ot 03.04.2019 # 33-7054/2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.v2b.ru.
2. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie SK po grazhdanskim delam Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 24.08.2012 g. # 11-18398. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru.
3. Dannye Federal'noj sluzhby gosudarstvennoj statistiki «Situacija na rynke truda v tablicah, grafikah, diagrammah». Oficial'nyj sajt. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gks.ru/labor_market_employment_salaries# (data ispol'zovanija: 03.03.2020).
4. Bowles J. The computerisation of European jobs, 2014.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://bruegel.org/2014/07/the-computerisation-of-european-jobs.
 
CIVIL LAW
Telibekova I. M.
The insurer as a legal entity under the legislation of the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States
The article considers some norms of the legislation of the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States on insurers, on the organizational and legal forms of insurance organizations, on the existence of norms providing for written notification by insurers of their policyholders about changes in the name, location, size of the authorized capital, reorganization or liquidation. The author analyzes the law enforcement practice on the violation of the law by insurers, on the basis of which the author proposed the creation of an electronic database with the inclusion of information on the compliance of insurers and policyholders with the norms of the law and data on the number of judicial acts on bringing them to responsibility.
Keywords: insurer, policyholder, legislation, subjective law, Commonwealth of Independent States, violation of legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki ot 28.12.1999 g. # 779-IQ. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=30420111 (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki ot 05.01.1998 g. # 1 (Chast' II). – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/5 (data obrashhenija: 05.06.2021).
3. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Armenija ot 05.05.1998 g. # NO-239 – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.parliament.am/legislation.php?sel=show&ID=1556&lang=rus (data obrashhenija:
04.06.2021).
4. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Belarus' ot 07.12.1998 g. # 218-Z. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=30415161 (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
5. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan ot 01.07.1999 g. # 410-1. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=1013880 (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
6. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Moldova ot 06.06.2002 g. # 1107-XV. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=30397878#pos=6;-106 (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
7. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Tadzhikistan (Chast' vtoraja) ot 11.12.1999 g. # 885. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=30447953 (data obrashhenija:04.06.2021).
8. Grazhdanskij Kodeks Respubliki Uzbekistan (Chast' vtoraja) ot 29.08.1996 g. # 256-I. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lex.uz/docs/180550 (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
9. Grazhdanskij kodeks Turkmenistana ot 17.07.1998 g. #294-I. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=31295232#pos=224;-50(data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
10. Zakon Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki «O strahovoj dejatel'nosti» ot 25.12.2007 g. # 519-IIIQ. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://dropdoc.ru/doc/588481/zakon-azerbajdzhanskoj-respubliki--ostrahovoj-deyatel._nosti- (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
11. Zakon Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki «Ob objazatel'nom strahovanii» ot 24.06.2011 g. # 165-IVQ. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://isb.az/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Qanun-rus-dilind-.pdf(data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
12. Zakon KR «Ob organizacii strahovanija v Kyrgyzskoj Respublike» ot 23.07.1998 g. # 96. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/105 (data obrashhenija:05.06.2021).
13. Zakon Kyrgyzskoj respubliki «Ob objazatel'nom strahovanii grazhdanskoj otvetstvennosti rabotodatelja za prichinenie vreda zhizni i zdorov'ju rabotnika pri ispolnenii im trudovyh (sluzhebnyh) objazannostej» ot 05.08.2008 g. # 194.–[Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/202408 (data obrashhenija: 06.06.2021).
14. Zakon Respubliki Armenija «O strahovanii i strahovoj dejatel'nosti» ot 22.05.2007 g. # ZR-177. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.parliament.am/legislation.php?ID= 3012&lang=rus&sel=show (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
15. Zakon Respubliki Kazahstan ot 10.07.1998 g. # 281-I. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=1009818 (data obrashhenija:04.06.2021).
16. Zakon Respubliki Moldova «O strahovanii» ot 21.12.2006 g. # 407. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://lex.justice.md/viewdoc.php?action=vi ew&id=328362&lang=2&view=doc (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
17. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan «O strahovoj dejatel'nosti» ot 29.12.2010 g. # 681. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eurasiangroup.org/files/Legislation_RUS/Tadjikiston/supervision/_RT_O_STRAHOVOJ_DEYATELNOSTI.pdf (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
18. Zakon Respubliki Uzbekistan «O strahovoj dejatel'nosti» ot 05.04.2002 g. # 358-II. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lex.uz/docs/44612(data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
19. Zakon Respubliki Uzbekistan ot 16.04.2009 g. #ZRU-210 «Ob objazatel'nom strahovanii grazhdanskoj otvetstvennosti rabotodatelja». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://buxgalter.uz/uz/doc?id=176962_zakon_respubliki_uzbekistan_
ot_16_04_2009_g_n_zru-210_ob_obyazatelnom_s t r a h o v a n i i _ g r a j d a n s k o y _ o t v e t s t v e n n o s t i _rabotodatelya_(prinyat_zakonodatelnoy_palatoy_11_n o y a b r y a _ 2 0 0 8 _ g o d a _ o d o b r e n _ s e n a t o m _ 2 7 _marta_2009_goda)&prodid=1_vse_zakonodatelstvo_
uzbekistana.
20. Zakon RK «Ob akcionernyh obshhestvah» ot 13.05.2003 g. #415-ІІ. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=1039594#pos=5;-106
(data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
21. Zakon RK ot 18.12. 2000 g. # 126-II «O strahovoj dejatel'nosti» # 126-ІІ. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=1021136#pos=8;-60 (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
22. Zakon Turkmenistana «O strahovanii» ot 22.12.2012g. # 356-IV. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://minjust.gov.tm/mcenter-single-ru/202 (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
23. Ukaz Prezidenta Respubliki Belarus' «O strahovoj dejatel'nosti» ot 25.08.2006 g. # 530. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://minfin.gov.by/upload/insurance/acts/ukaz_250806_530.pdf(data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
24. Nazarov D. V. Problemy raskrytija v finansovoj otchetnosti informacii o strahovanii otvetstvennosti direktorov kompanij // Mezhdunarodnyj buhgalterskij uchet. – 2014. – # 8 (302). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.
ru/article/n/problemy-raskrytiya-v-finansovoyotchetnosti-informatsii-o-strahovanii-otvetstvennostidirektorov-kompaniy (data obrashhenija: 06.06.2021).
25. Nebol'sina E. V. Rossijskij opyt strahovanija otvetstvennosti direktorov i rukovoditelej kompanij // Obshhestvo: politika, jekonomika, pravo.– 2017. – # 9. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/rossiyskiyopyt-
strahovaniya-otvetstvennosti-direktorovi-rukovoditeley-kompaniy (data obrashhenija:06.06.2021).
26. Pushkarev S. V. Dogovor strahovanija grazhdansko-pravovoj otvetstvennosti organov upravlenija juridicheskih lic // Vestnik Marijskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija «Istoricheskie nauki. Juridicheskie nauki». – 2020. – # 3 (23). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/dogovor-strahovaniya-grazhdanskopravovoy-otvetstvennosti-organov-upravleniyayuridicheskih-lits (data obrashhenija: 06.06.2021).
27. Romanova I. N. Strahovanie otvetstvennosti lic, vhodjashhih v sostav organov upravlenija juridicheskogo lica // Legal Concept. – 2017. – # 2. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/strahovanie-otvetstvennosti-lits-vhodyaschihv-
sostav-organov-upravleniya-yuridicheskogo-litsa(data obrashhenija: 06.06.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Malkerov V. B.
Problems of formation of judicial practice in cases of dismissal of an employee
This article identifies some problems of applying labor legislation when terminating an employment contract. The role of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation for the formation of judicial practice is noted. Some definitions of the judicial board for civil cases of this body are analyzed. In particular, the article analyzes the definitions associated with dismissal due to staff reduction, with the use of remote labor. The author makes some suggestions to improve the quality of decisions made by courts.
Keywords: termination of an employment contract, judicial practice, interpretation of norms.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bezina A. K., Vajman A. B. Nekotorye voprosy sudebnoj praktiki, svjazannye s uvol'neniem i sokrashheniem rabotnikov // Civilistika: pravo i process. - 2020.- # 2 (10).
2. Zakaeva P. R. Mehanizm pravotvorcheskogo podhoda Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii v kontekste zashhity chastnyh i publichnyh interesov (na primere posledstvij koronavirusnoj infekcii // Vestnik Moskovskogo gorodskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. Serija: Juridicheskie nauki. - 2020. - # 3 (39).
3. Malkerov V. B. Sovershenstvovanie zakonodatel'stva regulirujushhego otnoshenija pri uvol'nenii rabotnika po sokrashheniju shtata // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2017. - # 1.
 
CIVIL LAW
Miftakhov A. M.
Advantages of implementing the rule of Islamic law on bribery for society
The article analyzes the advantages of implementing the rule of Islamic law on bribery for society. The issues of the possibility of implementing these legal norms in other states are investigated. Research methods: analytical method, review method.
Keywords: legal norms, bribery, society, advantages, material values.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bol'shakov O.G. Istorija Halifata. T.I. Islam v Aravii. 570-633. Vtoroe izdanie. M., 2000. 310 c.
2. Vasil'ev L.S. Istorija religij Vostoka. Knizhnyj dom «Universitet»; M., 2018. 227 s. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://web.archive.org/web/20110708124143/http://www.history.univ.kiev.ua/download/Library-KNU-History/East/Istorireliya%20giy%20Vostoka.pdf/.
3. Vasil'eva T.A. Ponjatie i znachenie istochnikov prava // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta im. V.N. Tatishheva. 2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/v/ponyatie-i-znachenieistochnika-prava/
4. Ayoub M. The Qur’an in Muslim Life and Practice //The Muslim Almanac. Ed. A. Nanji. Gale Research, Inc. Detroit, MI, 1996. R. 355-364.
5. Cambridge Dictionary. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/sunna/.
6. Lipka M., Hackett C. Why Muslims are the world’sfastest-growing religious group. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/04/06/why-muslims-are-the-worldsfastest-growing-religious-group/ (na 2017 god)/.
7. Sources of Islamic Law and sources of Law in Pre Mugbal Period and Mugbal Period. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/16633/6/06_chapter%201.pdf/.
8. Wegner J.R. Islamic and Talmudic Jurisprudence:The four Roots of Islamic law and Their Talmudic Counterparts // The American Journal of legal History. Vol. XXVI, 1982. R. 25-71.
 
CIVIL LAW
Mukhamedova E. E.
Digital rights
The article deals with the problem of determining the essence of digital rights. The analysis of the opinions of scientists in the field of determining the legal nature of digital rights is carried out. An attempt has been made to define the concept of digital rights. This article examines digital rights in the context of international law. It was established that the fundamental human rights and freedoms provided for by international acts in the field of human rights and belonging to him offline are subject to ensuring and protection in the online environment. It is proposed to consolidate guarantees for the provision and protection of digital rights at the level of national legislation.
Keywords: digital rights, human rights, human rights on the Internet.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30 nojabrja 1994 goda # 51-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_5142 (data obrashhenija: 30.06.2021).
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v chasti pervuju, vtoruju i stat'ju 1124 chasti tret'ej Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 18.03.2019 # 34-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim do stupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_320398 (data obrashhenija: 30.06.2021).
3. Postanovlenie ESPCh ot 18 dekabrja 2012 g. Delo «Ahmet Yıldırım v. Turkey» # 3111. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/fre?i=002-7328 (data obrashhenija: 30.06.2021).
4. Zor'kin V. D. Pravo v cifrovom mire. Razmyshlenie na poljah Peterburgskogo mezhdunarodnogo juridicheskogo foruma. - Tekst: jelektronnyj //Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2018. - 29 maja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2018/05/29/z o r k i n - z a d a c h a - g o s u d a r s t v a - p r i z n a v a t - i -zashchishchat-cifrovye-prava-grazhdan.htmja (data
obrashhenija: 30.06.2021).
5. Rozhkova M. A. Cifrovye prava v kontekste mezhdunarodnogo prava. - Tekst: jelektronnyj //Zakon.ru. - 2021. - 11 maja. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://zakon.ru/blog/2021/5/11/cifrovye_prava_v_kontekste_mezhdunarodnogo_prava (data obrashhenija: 30.06.2021).
6. Hartija prav interneta. Associacija progressivnyh kommunikacij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.apc.org/en/node/5677/(data obrashhenija: 30.06.2021).
7. Cifrovye prava. Material iz Vikipedii — svobodnoj jenciklopedii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A6%D0%B8%D1%84%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%
D1%8B%D0%B5_%D0%BF%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%B0 (data obrashhenija: 30.06.2021).
8. Shherbovich A. A. Hartija prav cheloveka i principov dlja Interneta s tochki zrenija realizacii social'nyh, jekonomicheskih i kul'turnyh prav. Monografija. – M.: TEIS, 2016. – 144 s. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: <https://docplayer.ru/69686716-Hartiya-prav-cheloveka-i-principovdl y a - i n t e r n e t a - s - t o c h k i - z r e n i y a - r e a l i z a c i i -socialnyh-ekonomicheskih-i-kulturnyh-prav.html>(data obrashhenija: 30.06.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Rychagova O. E., Fesenko E. A.
Some problems of legal regulation of the termination of the provision of educational services by higher educational institutions to minors
The article examines some of the problems that a higher education institution faces when terminating an agreement for the provision of educational services with underage students. Only
those cases are considered when minor students receive secondary general education in a higher
educational institution, along with vocational education. In order to prevent negative legal consequences of termination of an agreement on the provision of educational services, it is proposed that a higher educational institution use the resource of local legal regulation in the aspect of detailing preparatory procedures.
Keywords: educational law, agreement on the provision of educational services, guarantees of the rights of underage students, local regulatory regulation, preventive procedures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ob obrazovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. zakon ot 29.12.2012 # 273-FZ (red. ot 30.04.2021) //Sobr. zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2012. ‑ # 53 (ch. 1). ‑ St.7598.
2. Ob osnovah sistemy profilaktiki beznadzornosti i pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih: feder. zakon ot 24.06.1999 # 120-FZ (red. ot 24.04.2020) //Sobr. zakonodatel'stva RF. – 1999. ‑ # 26. ‑ St. 3177.
 
CIVIL LAW
Smolina O. S.
Balance of interests in the digital platform transactions in the light of the principles of freedom of contract and equal status in law of all parties to civil relations
The objective of the study is to find ways to improve the civil legislation of the Russian Federation. The article shows the essence and specificity of seeking the balance of interests of digital platform transaction parties. The problem is viewed in the light of the freedom of contract principle, in the aspect of the terms formed by the digital transaction parties and the principle of equal status in law of all parties to civil activities. One of the ideas of the study is to analyze the essential conditions under which the parties determine the terms of a transaction made via a digital platform to find a balance of interests of the parties before it is executed. The study is based on the author’s concept of transactions made via digital platforms in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: digital banking, digital economy, transaction, digital platform transactions, digital footprints of facts, freedom of contract principle, principle of equal status in law of parties to civil relations, balance of interests.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abova T. E. Kommentarij k stat'e 8 Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii, chasti pervoj // Pod red T. E. Abovoj, A. Ju. Kabalkina; Institut gosudarstva i prava RAN. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop.– T. 1. – M., 2006.
2. Arapov V., Soldatskih V. Jelektronnaja podpis' podvela zaemshhikov // Kommersant". – 16.05.2019. – # 82.– S. 8.
3. Vilkova N. G. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i praktika Mezhdunarodnogo kommercheskogo arbitrazhnogo suda pri Torgovo-promyshlennoj palate RF // Hozjajstvo i pravo. – 2003. – # 3. –S. 77-87.
4. Vilkova N. G. Dogovornoe pravo v mezhdunarodnom oborote. – M., 2004. – 512 s. // Konsul'tant pljus.
5. Kabalkin A. Ju. Grazhdansko-pravovye dogovory v Rossii. Obshhie polozhenija. Kurs lekcij. – M., 2002.– 224 s.
6. Klejn N. I. Princip svobody dogovora i osnovanija ego ogranichenija v predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2008.– # 1. – S. 37-42.
7. Klimova A. N. Principy grazhdanskogo prava. Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2005. – 24 s.
8. Makovskij A. L. O kodifikacii grazhdanskogo prava (1922-2006). – M., 2010. // Konsul'tant pljus.
9. Novickaja T. E. Preemstvennost' v regulirovanii grazhdansko-pravovyh otnoshenij v rossijskom dorevoljucionnom i sovetskom zakonodatel'stve //Trudy Instituta gosudarstva i prava RAN. – 2017.– # 12. – S. 37-81.
10. Sadikov O. N. Voprosy grazhdanskogo prava i mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo prava: Izbrannye trudy. –M., 2015. – 768 s.
11. Smolina O. S. Koncepcija sdelok posredstvom cifrovoj platformy v svete sovershenstvovanija Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 8. –S. 120-126.
12. Smolina O. S. Tarasova I. N. Cifrovoj banking:novyj podhod k soversheniju kreditnyh sdelok v Rossii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019.– # 3. – S. 153-155.
13. Smolina O. S. Problemy sdelok posredstvom cifrovoj platformy i idei sovershenstvovanija grazhdanskogo i bankovskogo zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 3. – C. 182-185.
14. Strigunova D. P. Princip svobody dogovora: rossijskij i zarubezhnyj opyt // Grazhdanskoe pravo.– 2018. – # 3. – S. 10-13.
15. Filosofskij jenciklopedicheskij slovar' / Redkol.: S. S. Averincev, Je. A. Arab-ogly, L. F. Il'chev i dr. – 2-e izd. – M.: Sov. Jenciklopedija, 1989. – 815 c.
16. Bex F. J., van Koppen P. J., Prakken H., Verheij B. A hybrid formal theory of arguments, stories and criminal evidence // Artif Intell Law. – 2010. – July. – P. 123-152.
17. Bex F., Walton D. Taking the dialectical stance in reasoning with evidence and proof // The International Journal of Evidence & Proof. – 2019. – Vol. 23 (1-2). – P. 90-99.
18. Ramberg Jan. International Commercial Transactions. Fourth Edition. ICC Publication # 711E / Jan Ramberg; Per. s angl. pod red. N. G. Vilkovoj. – M.: Infotropik Media, 2011. // Konsul'tant pljus.
19. Shivakumar S. K., Sethii S. Building Digital Experience Platforms: A Guide to Developing Next-Generation Enterprise Applications. – Apress. – 2019. – 378 p.
 
CIVIL LAW
Telibekovа I. M.
Insurance functions and its basic theories
The article discusses the functions of insurance in conjunction with the main theories of insurance. The author cites the points of view of scientists, both lawyers and economists, about the main theories of insurance. The features of the theory of compensation for damage, the theory of insurance protection, the theory of eventual needs, the theory of provision on the examples of risk and non-risk insurance are analyzed. At the same time, considering the functions and theories of insurance, the author draws attention to the insured interest and the content of the purpose of insurance, which is guided by the insurant when concluding insurance in his own favor or in favor of a third party.
Keywords: insurance contract, insurant, insurer, insurance functions, insurance theories, theory of compensation for damage, theory of insurance protection, theory of eventual need, theory of provision, insurance interest, insurance service.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bartosh V.M. K voprosu o klassifikacionnoj prinadlezhnosti dogovora strahovanija riska grazhdanskoj otvetstvennosti // Juridicheskij mir. – 2002.– # 10. – S. 7-57, 105.
2. Grazhdanskoe pravo: Uchebnik dlja vuzov (akademicheskij kurs) / Otv. red.: M.K. Sulejmenov, Ju.G. Basin.NII chastnogo prava KazGJuU. – Almaty. 2002. T. II.– 624 s.
3. Zaharov Ju., Fogel'son Ju. Pravo trebovanija kreditora v dogovorah v pol'zu tret'ego lica // Hozjajstvo i pravo. – 2001. – # 10. – S. 104-113.
4. Kulagin M.I. Predprinimatel'stvo i pravo: opyt Zapada. – M.: Delo, 1992. – 144 s. S. 97.
5. Li O.V. Dogovor strahovanija: disser. na soisk. uch. step. k.ju.n.: 12.00.03. – Sankt-Peterburg, 2001. – 220 s.
6. Samohvalov A.S. Strahovanie professional'noj otvetstvennosti. Pravovye aspekty // Strahovoe pravo. – M.: Ankil, 2002. – # 2. – S. 3-8.
7. Serbinovskij B.Ju., Gar'kusha V.N. Strahovoe delo:Uchebnoe posobie dlja vuzov. Serija «Uchebniki, uchebnye posobija». – Rostov n/D: «Feniks», 2000. – 384 s.
8. Serebrovskij V.I. Izbrannye trudy po nasledstvennomu i strahovomu pravu. – M.: «Statut» (v serii «Klassika rossijskoj civilistiki»), 1997.– 567 s.
9. Turbina K.E. Sovremennoe ponimanie imushhestvennyh interesov kak ob"ekta strahovanija // Strahovoe pravo. – 2000. – # 3. – S. 3-9.
10. Hudjakov I.A., Demidova G.S., Hudjakov A.A. Osno- vy strahovogo prava: Uchebnoe posobie. Cheljabinsk:JuUrGU, 2004 . – 320 s.
11. Chebunin A.V. Aktual'nye grazhdansko-pravovye problemy strahovanija: Uchebnoe posobie. – Irkutsk: JuI IGU, 2002. – 194 s.
12. Shevandin M.A., Konova L.N. Strahovanie bezopasnosti: Uchebnoe posobie dlja studentov special'nosti «Bezopasnost' zhiznedejatel'nosti». – M.:MIIT, 1999. – 76 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Telnov A. V.
Reputation in the system of intangible benefits
This article examines such a phenomenon as «reputation», which has now become widely used in modern public life. The author analyzes the essence of the concept of «reputation», its meaning, and based on a comparison with the closest in meaning, specified in the civil legislation of the Russian Federation, intangible benefits, concludes that «reputation» is an independent intangible good that has its own content, and which must be fixed in the current civil legislation of the Russian Federation.
The subject of this article is the norms of civil legislation regulating intangible benefits, as well as the provisions of the legal doctrine that study the relevant objects of civil rights.
The purpose of this study is to study the current state of public relations related to such a type of intangible benefits as reputation.
The methodological basis of the research is made up of general scientific and special methods, in particular, theoretical, comparativelegal, method of analysis and synthesis.
The scientific novelty of the study is that on the basis of existing knowledge in the field of civil law science, the need for a legislative definition of reputation as a separate type of intangible benefits is justified.
Keywords: intangible benefits, reputation, business reputation, honor, dignity, good name.
Work bibliographic list
1. Slovar' inostrannyh slov. - 11-e izd., ster. – M.:Rus. jaz., 1984.
2. Ozhegov S.I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka // Pod red. dokt. filol. nauk, prof. N.Ju. Shvedovoj. – M.: Rus.jaz., 1983.
3. Dal' Vladimir. Tolkovyj slovar' zhivogo velikorusskogo jazyka: T. 1-4; T. 3: P-R. – M.: A/O Izdatel'skaja gruppa «Progress», «Univers», 1994.
4. Karajcheva O.V. Delovaja reputacija kak ob"ekt grazhdanskogo prava: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk.– Krasnodar, 2014.
5. Jaroshenko K.B. Zhizn' i zdorov'e pod ohranoj zakona. – M.: Jurid. Lit., 1990.
6. Kommentarij chasti pervoj Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii dlja predprinimatelej. –M.: Fond «Pravovaja kul'tura», 1995.
7. Molochkov Ju.V. Zashhita chesti i dostoinstva v grazhdanskom processe: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg, 1993.
8. Vlasov A.A. Problemy sudebnoj zashhity chesti, dostoinstva i delovoj reputacii: dis. … dokt. jurid.nauk. – M., 2000.
9. Juridicheskij jenciklopedicheskij slovar' // M.O. Bujanova [i dr.]; otv. red. M.N. Marchenko. – M.: TK Velbi, Izd-vo Prospekt, 2006.
10. Sahapov Ju.Z. Delovaja reputacija sub"ektov predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti v sisteme ob"ektov grazhdanskih prav i osobennosti ee grazhdansko-pravovoj zashhity: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Kazan', 2007.
11. Spektor A.A. Predprinimatel'skaja dejatel'nost' kak ob"ekt gosudarstvennogo kontrolja (nadzora) (pravovye aspekty): dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. – M.,2012.
12. Flejshic E.A. Lichnye prava v grazhdanskom prave Sojuza SSR i kapitalisticheskih stran. – M.: Jurid. izd-vo NKJu SSSR, 1941.
13. Rafieva L.K. Grazhdansko-pravovaja zashhita chesti i dostoinstva lichnosti v SSSR: Avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. – L., 1966.
14. Suhoverhij V.L. Lichnye neimushhestvennye prava grazhdan v sovetskom grazhdanskom prave: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Sverdlovsk, 1970
15. Beljavskij A.V., Pridvorov N.A. Ohrana chesti i dostoinstva lichnosti v SSSR. – M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1971.
16. Zhakenov V.A. Lichnye neimushhestvennye prava v sovetskom grazhdanskom zakonodatel'stve i ih social'noe znachenie: Avtoref. dis. kand. jurid. nauk.- M., 1984.
17. Kuznecov N.M. Soderzhanie otnoshenij po zashhite chesti, dostoinstva i delovoj reputacii: dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2009.
18. Tel'nov A.V. Reputacija gosudarstva kak grazhdansko-pravovaja kategorija: ponjatie i znachenie // Pravo i politika. – 2016. – # 6. – S. 705. (DOI: 10.7256/1811-9018.2016.6.18497)
19. Rogov D.I. Mehanizm grazhdansko-pravovogo regulirovanija otnoshenij, voznikajushhih po povodu chesti, dostoinstva i dobrogo imeni grazhdan: dis. … kand.jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg, 2003.
20. Sergeev A.P. Pravo na zashhitu reputacii. – L.: Znanie, 1989.
21. Sedugin P.I. Sudebnaja praktika po delam o zashhite chesti i dostoinstva // Nauchnyj kommentarij sudebnoj praktiki po grazhdanskim delam za 1964-1965 gg.– M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1966.
22. Pokrovskij I.A. Osnovnye problemy grazhdanskogo prava. - 3-e izd, ster. – M.: Statut, 2001.
23. Pronina M.G., Romanovich A.N. Zashhita chesti i dostoinstva grazhdanina: grazhdansko-pravovye sredstva. – Minsk: Belarus', 1976.
24. Bljumkin V.A. O chesti i dostoinstve sovetskogo cheloveka. – M.: Znanie, 1974.
25. Eroshenko A.A. Grazhdansko-pravovaja zashhita chesti i dostoinstva lichnosti // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1980. – # 10. – S. 137
26. Omel'chenko S.S. Ugolovno-pravovaja ocenka klevety i oskorblenija: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2008.
27. Jerdelevskij A.M. Kompensacija moral'nogo vreda:analiz i kommentarij zakonodatel'stva i sudebnoj praktiki. - 3-e izd., ispr. i dop. – M. «Volters Kluver, 2004.
28. Miroshnichenko O.I., Samusenko T.M., Gaivoronskaya Ya.V., Frolova E.E. – «Doctrine in the modern world:legal traditions and modern potential. The social sciences (Pakistan)» // The Social Sciences (Pakistan). –2018. – T. 13. – # 2. – S. 235-240.
29. Inshakova A.O., Frolova E.E., Rusakova E.P., Galkina M.V. Development of social market economy under the influence of noneconomic factors: modeling and regulation // International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy. – 2020. – T. 40. – # b/n. – S. 1.
30. Inshakova A.O., Frolova E.E., Rusakova E.P., Kovalev S.I. The model of distribution of human and machine labor at intellectual production in industry 4.0 // Journal of Intellectual Capital. – 2020. – T. 21. – # 4. – S. 601-622.
31. Rusakova E.P., Frolova E.E., Gorbacheva A.I. Digital rights as a new object of civil rights: issues of substantive and procedural law // Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. – 2020. – T. 1100. – S. 665-671.
 
CIVIL LAW
Toropov S. A., Sokol O. V.
Problematic issues of execution of decisions on the demolition of unauthorized construction objects
The article deals with some aspects of the execution of decisions of local governments and courts on the demolition of unauthorized buildings. Attention is drawn to the guarantees of property rights when local authorities make decisions on the demolition of unauthorized buildings. The issues of financing measures for the demolition of unauthorized construction objects are investigated, the possibility of awarding a court penalty to persons who are obliged to execute a court decision on the demolition of unauthorized buildings is studied. The determinants that determine the court penalty as a legal means that contributes to the execution of a court decision are identified.
Keywords: unauthorized construction, demolition, execution of decisions on the demolition of unauthorized construction, judicial penalty, court decision, court, local governments, prosecutor.
Work bibliographic list
1. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo suda Rjazanskoj oblasti ot 17.12.2020 po delu # A54-6892/2018. Tekst: jelektronnyj // Sudebnye i normativnye akty RF: [sajt].– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/arbitral/doc/GgFKXp15yF1u/.
2. Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo prava /Bondarchuk I.V., Buc S.B., Dokuchaeva V.Ju., Evsikova E.V., Emel'jancev A.Je., Kazarjan K.V., Kolovajlo S.A., Lusegenova Z.S., Nikulin M.I., Novikova T.Ju., Ponomarev A.V., Rudenko A.V., Rusanova S.Ju., Ryshkova L.V., Savenko N.V., Toropov S.A., Trofimov S.A., Tutinas E.V., Jacenko A.O. // Uchebnoe posobie dlja bakalavrov i magistrov / Pod nauchnoj redakciej M.I. Nikulina. – Simferopol', 2018. – 188 s.
3. Butkevich S.A. Innovacii v pravoohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti: ocenka i kriterii jeffektivnosti //Filosofija prava. – 2019. – # 1 (88). – S. 16-22.
4. Glava Respubliki Krym. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://glava.rk.gov.ru/ru/article/show/4224 (data obrashhenija: 31.05.2021)
5. Lobachev D.A. Prokurorskij nadzor za ispolneniem gradostroitel'nogo zakonodatel'stva // Juridicheskij vestnik Samarskogo universiteta. – 2019. – T.5. – # 4. – S. 137-143.
6. O nekotoryh voprosah, voznikajushhih v sudebnoj praktike pri razreshenii sporov, svjazannyh s zashhitoj prava sobstvennosti i drugih veshhnyh prav:postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF # 10, Plenuma VAS RF # 22, 29.04.2010 // Rossijskaja gazeta. — 2010. — # 109.
7. Pod snos: Krym za dva goda planirujut polnost'ju osvobodit' ot samostroev. Ria novosti Krym. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://crimea.ria.ru/society/20200921/1118750152/Pod-snos-Krym-za-2-goda-planiruyut-polnostyu-osvobodit-ot-samostroev-.html (data obrashhenija: 31.05.2021)
8. Rydchenko K.D. Problemnye voprosy primenenija dolzhnostnymi licami policii otdel'nyh mer obespechenija proizvodstva po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah // V sbornike: Administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie pravo-ohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti: teorija i praktika. Materialy VII Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Krasnodarskij universitet MVD Rossii. – 2018. – S. 74-78.
9. Stanislavov D.I. Nekotorye voprosy snosa samovol'noj postrojki // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz praktika. 2011. – # 1. – S. 75-80.
10. Shherbakov N.B. Institut samovol'noj postrojki skvoz' prizmu pravoprimenenija // Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava. – 2007. – # 2. – S. 39-48.
 
CIVIL LAW
Levashova A. V., Petrova K. O. Mikhaylova E. A.
Social media account as a means of income for spouses in case of divorce
In the process of the development of the Internet sphere, social relations are becoming more complicated, which are developing over property, marriage and family, the issues of legal regulation of social networks of spouses are acutely raised. This paper discusses options for determining to which category of property an account on social networks can be attributed and methods for dividing such property.
Keywords: property regime of spouses, legal status of an account in social networks, property, object.
Work bibliographic list
1. Adaeva E. A. Nesterova T. I. Voprosy pravovogo regulirovanija imushhestvennyh otnoshenij suprugov// Notarius. - 2014. - # 6.
2. Myskin A. V. Brachnyj dogovor v sisteme rossijskogo chastnogo prava. - M., 2012. - 172 s.
3. Chefranova E. A. Pravovoe regulirovanie imushhestvennyh otnoshenij suprugov. // Rossijskaja justicija. - 1996. - # 7. - 54 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Dalgatova S. I.
Invalidity of the marriage contract:questions of theory and practice
The article analyzes such grounds for recognizing a marriage contract as invalid on the grounds that its conditions put the spouse in an extremely unfavorable position. We have studied the practice of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, lower courts, and also analyzed specific situations that served as the basis for recognizing a marriage contract as invalid. According to the results of the study, a category of evaluative nature was identified, which is guided by the courts when deciding on the presence or absence of an extremely unfavorable position of the party, namely, “significant disparity”. In addition, an important issue is raised concerning the limitation period for the considered category of cases.
Keywords: prenuptial agreement, invalidity of the prenuptial agreement, extremely unfavorable position of the spouse, significant disparity, statute of limitations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ (red. ot 09.03.2021) //Rossijskaja gazeta. – # 238-239. – 08.12.1994.
2. Semejnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29.12.1995 # 223-FZ (red. ot 04.02.2021, s izm. Ot 02.03.2021) // Rossijskaja gazeta. – # 17. – 27.01.1996.
3. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 21.06.2011 # 779-O-O «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanki Arbuzovoj Valentiny Pavlovny na narushenie ee konstitucionnyh prav punktom 2 stat'i 44 Semejnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
4. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 5 nojabrja 1998 g. # 15 «O primenenii sudami zakonodatel'stva pri rassmotrenii del o rastorzhenii braka» // Rossijskaja gazeta. – # 219. – 18.11.1998.
5. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 24.12.2015 po delu # 33-48650/2015.
6. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po grazhdanskim delam Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 09.03.2021 # 5-KG20-144-K2 // SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
7. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po grazhdanskim delam Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 20.12.2016 # 5-KG16-174 // SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
8. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po grazhdanskim delam Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 24.05.2016 # 18-KG16-10 // SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
9. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po grazhdanskim delam Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 20.01.2015 # 5-KG14-144 // SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
 
FAMILY LAW
Shastina A. R.
On the need for notarization of marriage contracts in modern realities
The author considers the issue of the validity of the mandatory notarization of marriage contracts, analyzes the functions of a notary, draws conclusions about the possible cancellation of the notarial form of a marriage contract and the transition, in the future, to the electronic form of concluding agreements between spouses using electronic signatures of the parties. The author comes to the conclusion that this will make the establishment of the contractual regime of the spouses’ property more accessible for Russian families.
Keywords: prenuptial agreement, notary, notarial certification, register of the unified information system of the notary.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zaharova O. N., Epifanceva T. Ju. K voprosu o sposobah rastorzhenija dogovora // Baikal Research Journal.– 2016. – T. 7. – # 5. – S. 16.
2. Nadtochij O. M. Mesto nevozmozhnosti ispolnenija objazatel'stva v sisteme grazhdansko-pravovyh faktov // Izvestija Irkutskoj gosudarstvennoj jekonomicheskoj akademii. – 2013. – # 2. – S. 107-110.
3. Nevzgodina E. L. Soglashenie o razdele imushhestva suprugov i brachnyj dogovor // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija: Pravo. – Omsk, 2012. – # 1. – S. 63-69.
4. Poberezhnyj S. G. Notarial'no udostoverennyj brachnyj dogovor kak vid notarial'nogo akta i dokazatel'stvennaja prezumpcija pri zashhite prav suprugov // Notarius. – 2018. – # 5. – S. 29-35.
5. Pchelinceva L. M. Kommentarij k Semejnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii. – M.: Norma, 2002. –204 s.
6. Titov E. V. Pravovaja priroda ispolnenija objazatel'stva // Baikal Research Journal. – 2016. – T. 7. – # 3. – S. 24.
 
ENTREPRENEURIAL LAW
Kosyakin I. A.
The “soft law” and corporate customs as a regulator of the sole executive body`s activities
The behavior of the sole executive body is regulated not only by the norms of written law. “Soft law” and corporate customs are not enforced by the coercive power of the state, but refusal to comply with them entails adverse consequences.
The enforcement of corporate governance practices unified under the term “soft law” is achieved in several ways. These are the impact on investment attractiveness, the listing rules, and the value of the “model of lawful behavior” for law enforcers and incorporation as norms of positive law.
Corporate customs, both written and unwritten, are gaining force due to the prevailing ownership structure of the Russian corporations and integration into holdings. They change the content of legal institutions: it is shown that the termination of an employment contract under Art. 278 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation actually acts as a measure of responsibility.
Keywords: corporate customs, corporate governance best practices, joint-stock company, “soft law”, sole executive body.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev S.S. Obshhaja teorija prava. Tom II. M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1982.
2. Braginskij M.I., Vitrjanskij V.V. Dogovornoe pravo. Obshhie polozhenija. Kn. 1. M.: Statut, 2001.
3. Bratus' S.N. Juridicheskaja otvetstvennost' i zakonnost'. M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1976.
4. Gabov A.V. Sdelki s zainteresovannost'ju. Praktika akcionernyh obshhestv. M.: Statut, 2005.
5. Gutnikov O.V. Grazhdansko-pravovaja otvetstvennost' v otnoshenijah, svjazannyh s upravleniem juridicheskimi licami. Dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. M.: 2018.
6. Dement'eva A.G. Korporativnoe upravlenie: uchebnik. M.: Magistr, INFRA-M, 2017.
7. Krasavchikov O.A. Otvetstvennost', mery zashhity i sankcii v sovetskom grazhdanskom prave // Problemy grazhdansko-pravovoj otvetstvennosti i zashhity grazhdanskih prav: sbornik uchenyh trudov. Vyp. 27. Sverdlovsk: 1973.
8. Laptev V.A. Lokal'nyj pravovoj obychaj kak istochnik regulirovanija predprinimatel'skih otnoshenij // Lex russica. 2017. # 4. S. 110-119.
9. Mamutov V.K., Ovsienko V.V., Judin V.Ja. Predprijatie i material'naja otvetstvennost'. Kiev: Nauk. dumka, 1971.
10. Osipenko O.V. Korporativnyj kontrol': jekspertnye problemy jeffektivnogo upravlenija dochernimi kompanijami. Kniga vtoraja: obespechenie korporativnogo kontrolja. M.: Statut, 2014.
11. Predprinimatel'skoe pravo Rossii: itogi, tendencii i puti razvitija: monografija / E.G. Afanas'eva, A.V. Belickaja, V.A. Vajpan i dr.; otv. red. E.P. Gubin. M.: Justicinform, 2019.
12. Predprinimatel'skoe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii. Uchebnik / otv. red. E.P. Gubin, P.G. Lahno. M.: NORMA, INFRA-M, 2017.
13. Chugunova K.Ju. Osobennosti formirovanija voli dochernih obshhestv akcionernyh obshhestv s preobladajushhim gosudarstvennym uchastiem (na primere OAO «RZhD») // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2020. # 10. S. 116-124.
14. German Corporate Governance in International and European Context. / ed. by J.J. du Plessis. Third Edition. Berlin: Springer, 2017.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Tabakova M. D.
Formation of legal regulation of taxation of digital currency in the Russian Federation
In recent decades, there have been global changes in the field of finance. New means of measuring the value of goods and services have appeared, acting as a means of payment, savings, or investment. It’s about the rise of digital currencies. The rapid growth of this class of assets and transactions is forcing legislators to introduce rules for the taxation. This article analyzes the legal regulation of taxation of digital currencies in the Russian Federation and assesses innovations in legislation in the field of taxation of digital currency.
Keywords: virtual currency, cryptocurrency, digital financial assets, mining, taxation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ob operacijah, svjazannyh s priobreteniem ili realizaciej kriptovaljut s ispol'zovaniem valjutnyh cennostej (inostrannoj valjuty i vneshnih cennyh bumag) i (ili) valjuty: Pis'mo Federal'noj nalogovoj sluzhby RF ot 03.10.2016 g. # OA-18-17/1027. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Garant» (data obrashhenija: 24.02.21).
2. Ob NDFL pri sovershenii operacij mezhdu fizlicami po pokupke i prodazhe bitkojnov: Pis'mo Minfina Rossii ot 13.10.2017 # 03-04-05/66994. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tant-Pljus» (data obrashhenija: 01.03.21).
3. Pis'mo Minfina Rossii ot 09.02.2018 # 03-03-06/1/8061. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 03.03.21).
4. Pis'mo Minfina Rossii 17.05.2018 g. # 03-04-07/33234. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 05.03.21).
5. O vnesenii izmenenij v chasti pervuju, vtoruju i stat'ju 1124 chasti tret'ej Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 18.03.2019 # 34-FZ. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija:09.03.21).
6. O cifrovyh finansovyh aktivah, cifrovoj valjute i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 31.07.2020 # 259-FZ. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obra-
shhenija: 12.03.21).
7. O nesostojatel'nosti (bankrotstve): Federal'nyj zakon ot 26.10.2002 # 127-FZ. Dostup iz sprav.- pravovoj sistemy: «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 21.03.21).
8. Ob ispolnitel'nom proizvodstve: Federal'nyj zakon ot 02.10.2007 # 229-FZ. Dostup iz sprav.- pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 21.03.21).
9. O vnesenii izmenenij v chasti pervuju i vtoruju Nalogovogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii: Zakonoproekt # 1065710–7. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sozd.duma.gov.ru/bill/1065710-7(data obrashhenija: 29.03.21).
10. Nalogooblozhenie kriptovaljut, distancionnye sobranija, mezhdunarodnye trastovye fondy i drugie voprosy v povestke Soveta po kodifikacii - Issledovatel'skij centr chastnogo prava im. S.S. Alekseeva pri Prezidente RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://privlaw.ru/131-49/(data obrashhenija: 04.04.21).

BUDGET LAW
Permyakov M. V., Khodasevich O. N., Kotov V. V.
Actual problems of taxation in modern Russia
The rapid pace of development of most economic spheres in Russia has inevitably led to the need for reforms in the field of taxation and tax policy. There is a need to restrain or stimulate sectors and spheres of the economy, as well as state regulation of the financial activities of the most important tax-paying entities. Most of the measures that were taken to try to achieve this were not as effective as planned. Based on this, individuals and legal entities have additional problems in the tax payment sphere.
Keywords: tax authority, taxpayer, tax evasion, tax advantage, tax benefits, legal liability, differentiation of penalties, presumption of innocence, investor, tax instability, fiscal factor, depreciation, profit, tax deduction, illegal products, excise.
Work bibliographic list
1. Averin A. V. Nalogovaja sistema: teorija i tendencii razvitija // Finansy. – 2019. – # 4. – S. 31-34.
2. Demin A. V. Otjagchajushhie obstojatel'stva kak jelement individualizacii nakazanija i instrument, stimulirujushhij nalogovyj komplajens: doklad, tezisy doklada // Nalogi. – 2020. – # 3. – S. 6-9.
3. Pimenov N. A., Demin S. S. Nalogovoe planirovanie: uchebnik i praktikum dlja akademicheskogo bakalavriata. — M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2019.
4. Rakitina I. S., Berezina N. N. Gosudarstvennye i municipal'nye finansy. Uchebnik i praktikum dlja akademicheskogo bakalavriata – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2019.

CRIMINAL LAW
Akhmedkhanova S. T., Shapiev M. G.
Legal consolidation and application of the main means of correction to convicts serving correctional labor
The process of humanization of criminal and penal enforcement law in the Russian Federation and the state implementation of international legal acts in the field of the emergence of various measures of educational influence on convicts has led to a significant expansion of the scope of criminal penalties that are not related to the isolation of a person from society. The purpose of our research is to study the complex of educational measures used by employees of the Penal Enforcement Inspectorate in relation to convicts to achieve the correction of a person and his subsequent re-socialization in society.
Keywords: convict, educational impact, social measures, the purpose of punishment, correction of the person, implementation, resocialization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ahmedhanova S. T. Sovremennoe normativno-pravovoe regulirovanie pomilovanija i puti ego sovershenstvovanija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 12 (139). - S. 288-290.
2. Akimzhanov T. K. Gumanizacija ugolovnoj politiki Respubliki Kazahstan kak vazhnoe uslovie postroenija pravovogo gosudarstva // Grazhdanskoe obshhestvo i pravovoe gosudarstvo. - 2015. - T. 2. - S. 61-64.
3. Daneljan S. V., Mikaeljan A. S. Objazatel'nye, ispravitel'nye i prinuditel'nye raboty v svete mezhdunarodnyh standartov prav cheloveka i obrashhenija s osuzhdennymi // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema: pravo, jekonomika, upravlenie. - 2014. - # 6. - S. 27-
32.
4. Seliverstov V. I. Ispravlenie osuzhdennyh: neobhodima li takaja cel' // Rol' duhovenstva v resocializacii i social'noj adaptacii osuzhdennyh v mestah lishenija svobody i posle osvobozhdenija: sb.materialov i vystuplenij uchastnikov III Mezhdu-
nar. nauch.-prakt. konf. po vzaimodejstviju Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi i ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossii (Rjazan', 29-30 sent. 2015 g.). - Rjazan':Akademija FSIN Rossii, 2015. - S. 205-215.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Akhtamyanov R. R., Didorenko N. N.
Bitcoin as a possible criminal tool
Bitcoin is usually called an electronic payment system that uses the same payment unit. The system is decentralized and has no administrator. Instead of the usual hierarchy, the distributed ledger technology is used. It is this technology that allows you to hide financial transactions from law enforcement agencies.
Keywords. Bitcoin, cryptocurrency, income concealment, crime, payment system, virtual currency.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vehob V. B. Nacional'nye i mezhdunarodno-pravovye problemy protivodejstvija prestuplenijam v sfere oborota kriptovaljuty. V sbornike: sovremennye problemy juridicheskoj nauki i pravoprimenitel'noj praktiki. Sbornik nauchnyh statej, posvjashhennyj 50-letiju juridicheskogo instituta BFU im. I. Kanta. - 2017. - S. 235-237.
2. Gavrilova Je. N. Bitkoin i sovremennye den'gi:istorija vozniknovenija, razlichija i perspektivy razvitija. // Jekonomicheskie i gumanitarnye nauki.- 2020. - # 4 (339). - S. 67-69.
3. Istorija Bitcoin. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: ru.bitcoinwiki.org/wiki/Istorija_Bitcoin (data obrashhenija: 02.06.2021).
4. Murtazin A. I., Davletov V. I. Internet-prostranstvo kak sreda dlja rasprostranenija idej jekstremizma i terrorizma // Aktual'nye problemy gosudarstva i obshhestva v oblasti obespechenija prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina. - 2020. - # 1. - S. 250-256.
5. Polonevich A. A., Neborak M. A. Kriptovaljut kak ob"ekt prestuplenija. V knige: MNSK-2018: Gosudarstvo i pravo. Materialy 56-j mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj studencheskoj konferencii. - 2018. - S. 385–386.
6. Rodivilin I. P., Rodivilina V. A. Kriptovaljuta kak ob"ekt prestuplenija. V sbornike: dejatel'nost' pravoohranitel'nyh organov v sovremennyh uslovijah. Sbornik materialov XXIII mezhdunarodnoj nauchno – prakticheskoj konferencii. V 2-h tomah. -2018. - S. 264-265.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Bondar A. G.
The state of crime amid the COVID-19 pandemic
In this article, the author highlights the state of crime in the current COVID-19 pandemic, which should be addressed by joint efforts of society and the state. The author makes certain conclusions and proposals for optimizing the industry for countering illegal tort in the field of computer information, which are aimed at leveling the criminal influence of cybercrime.
Keywords: pandemic, crime, covid-19, cybercrime, prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 09.07.2013 # 24 «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o vzjatochnichestve i ob inyh korrupcionnyh prestuplenijah» // SPS Konsul'tant-Pljus.
2. V novom KoAP sokratjat chislo sostavov, primenjajushhih v vide nakazanija administrativnyj arest // Informacionnoe agentstvo TASS. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/obschestvo/9342855.
3. Vesnina S. N., Neustroeva A. V., Stepanjugin K. V. Modifikacija kiberugroz v uslovijah slozhnoj jepidemiologicheskoj obstanovki, vyzvannoj rasprostraneniem virusa «COVID-19» // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki.- 2020. - # 9.
4. Zikeev V. A. Kriminologicheskie aspekty posledstvij pandemii COVID-19 // Kriminologija: vchera, segodnja, zavtra. - 2020. - # 2 (57).
5. Kratkaja harakteristika sostojanija prestupnosti za 2020 god. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:MVD.RF/reports/item/22678184.
6. Meshherin A. V., Rjasov A. V. O profilaktike prestupnosti v uslovijah vozniknovenija pandemii, vyzvannoj koronavirusnoj infekciej (COVID-19).
7. Rossinskaja E. R., Rjadovskij I. A. Sovremennye sposoby komp'juternyh prestuplenij i zakonomernosti ih realizacii // Lex Russica (Russkij zakon). -2019. - # 3. - S. 87-99.
8. Rossija v cifrah. Kratkij statisticheskij sbornik.Rosstat. - M., 2019.
9. Sudebnaja statistika po delam, rassmatrivaemym sudami obshhej jurisdikcii i mirovymi sudami// Sudebnyj departament pri verhovnom sude RF.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=5.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Galimov G. M., Magomedova A. I.
The value of objective signs for the classification of crimes
The article provides an abstract study of the factors that combat the ease of will through the scheme of objective and subjective components and signs of corpus delicti adopted in criminal law. In the context of the connection between the freedom of will and the signs of the objective side of the corpus delicti, it was found that free will is represented only in one single sign of the objective side of the corpus delicti - the act. In this case, we are not talking about the intentional sthenic nature of the act, but about the fact that it is, in its essence, the final fabricated product of the free will of the actor. The connectedness of the will is characterized by an irresistible force and uncontrolled by the will instinctive, reflex movements that a person makes in an unconscious state. An attempt is made to work out the conclusion that with the actual existence of “previous guilt” movements uncontrolled by the will must be qualified as a criminal offense.
Keywords: corpus delicti, objective signs, free will, coercion, criminal responsibility, object of the crime, act.
Work bibliographic list
1. Krylova N. E., Kuznecova N. F., Tjazhkova I. M. Kurs ugolovnogo prava. Obshhaja chast'. Tom 1. Uchenie o prestuplenii: uchebnik dlja vuzov. - M.: Zercalo-M, 2002.- 624 c. - ISBN 5-94373-034-6. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.iprbookshop.ru/5836.html (data obrashhenija: 22.06.2021)
2. Plotnikov A. I. Ob"ektivnoe i sub"ektivnoe v prestuplenii / otv. red. A. I. Chuchaev. - M., 2011.
3. Poljakov S. A., Sabitov T. R., Suhorukov S. I. Teorija sostava prestuplenija: uchebnik. - Novosibirsk:Novosibirskij gosudarstvennyj tehnicheskij universitet, 2011. - 185 c. - ISBN 978-5-7782-1589-
4. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.iprbookshop.ru/44866.html (data obrashhenija:22.06.2021)
4. Popov A. N. Ob"ektivnaja storona sostava prestuplenija: uchebnoe posobie / A. N. Popov, L. A. Zimireva, P. V. Fedyshina; pod redakciej A. N. Popov.- Sankt-Peterburg: Sankt-Peterburgskij juridicheskij institut (filial) Akademii General'noj prokuratury RF, 2015. - 64 c. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.iprbookshop.ru/65494.html (data obrashhenija: 22.06.2021)
5. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Chasti Obshhaja i Osobennaja: uchebnik / otv. red. A. I. Rarog. - M., 2013.
6. Ustinov V. S. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii (Obshhaja chast'). - N. Novgorod, 1997.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Garifullina R. F., Khakimova E. R.
Differentiation of illegal obtaining a loan from fraud on the basis of the subjective side of the crime
The article deals with the issues of distinguishing between the elements of the subjective side of such elements of crime as illegal obtaining of credit and fraud. In addition, the differences between a single ongoing crime and its repeated commission are analyzed. An important role in the study of these compositions is played by the resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court No. 48 of November 30, 2017. The consideration of problematic issues is based on the materials of judicial practice. The article will be useful for people interested in the problems of combating crimes in the field of credit relations.
Keywords: illegal obtaining of a loan, fraud, subjective side of the crime, direction of intent, single continued crime, repeated crime, qualification.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ. – Tekst:neposredstvennyj // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 1996. – 17 ijunja. – # 25. – St. 2954.
2. Garifullina R. F. Prestuplenija v sfere kreditnyh otnoshenij: voprosy kvalifikacii: uchebnoe posobie. – Ufa: Ufimskij JuI MVD Rossii, 2020. – 56 s. –Tekst: neposredstvennyj.
3. Ivanov N. G. Prestuplenija v sfere jekonomiki: uchebnoe posobie dlja akademicheskogo bakalavriata. – M.:Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2019. – 168 s. – (Bakalavr. Akademicheskij kurs). – ISBN 978-5-534-04824-7. – Tekst:jelektronnyj. // JeBS Jurajt [sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https:// biblio-online.ru/ bcode/438623 (data obrashhenija: 10.03.2021).
4. Lopashenko N. A., Tret'jak M. I. Prestuplenija v sfere jekonomiki: uchebnoe posobie dlja bakalavriata i magistratury. – M.: Jurajt, 2019. – 123 s. – ISBN 978-5-534-09854-9. – Tekst: neposredstvennyj.
5. Lopashenko N. A. Prestuplenija v sfere jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti: teoreticheskij i prikladnoj analiz. Ch. 2. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2015. – 636 s. –ISBN 978-5-4396-0812-6. –Tekst: neposredstvennyj.
6. O sudebnoj praktike po delam o moshennichestve, prisvoenii i rastrate: postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 30 nojabrja 2017 g. # 48. – Tekst: jelektronnyj. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 20.02.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Divaeva I. R., Litvina A. V.
On the issue of legislative regulation of liability for crimes related to the theft of funds from bank accounts of citizens
The article deals with the problems of legislative regulation of criminal liability for crimes related to the theft of funds from citizens ‘ bank accounts.
Keywords: criminal liability, theft of funds from a bank account, non-cash funds, remote forms of theft, unauthorized access to the banking system, punishment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akademik. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/ruwiki/328809 (data obrashhenija 26.04.2021).
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 24.02.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_10699/.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Janaliev M. E.
Respect for the rights of minors as a subject of prosecutor’s supervision in the Kyrgyz Republic
The article deals with a number of topical issues that characterize the activities of the prosecutor’s office to monitor the observance of the rights of minors. The article contains practical information about the human rights activities of the Prosecutor’s Office of the Kyrgyz Republic. Their general characteristics are given from the point of view of the implementation of supervisory functions in the field of protection of the rights and interests of minors.
Keywords: prosecutor’s supervision, prosecutor’s checks, protection, rights, minors, legislation, local self-government bodies, state bodies, officials.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zakon KR «O profilaktike pravonarushenij» ot 25 ijunja 2005 goda # 82 // Jerkin-Too. – 2005. – 1 ijulja (# 53).
2. Zakon KR «O prokurature Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki» ot 24 avgusta 2020 goda # 143 // Jerkin-Too. – 2020. –4 sent. (# 70).
3. Kodeks KR o detjah ot 10 ijulja 2012 goda # 100 // Jerkin-Too. – 2012. – 16 avg. (# 71-72).
4. Konstitucionnyj zakon KR «Ob otdel'nyh polnomochijah prokuratury, ustanovlennyh Konstituciej Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki» ot 13 ijulja 2017 goda #124 // Jerkin-Too. – 2017. – 18 ijulja (# 82).
5. Ukaz Prezidenta KR «O merah po reforme sistemy pravoohranitel'nyh organov Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki» ot 18 ijulja 2016 goda UP # 161 // Jerkin-Too.– 2016. – 19 ijulja (# 63).
6. Semejnyj kodeks KR ot 30 avgusta 2003 goda # 201 //Jerkin-Too. – 2003. – 5 sent. (# 68-69).
7. Atabiev A.H. Prava nesovershennoletnih v ugolovnom processe // Prokuror.kg – 2018-2019. – # 7-8. –S. 66-70.
8. Vinokurov Ju.E. K voprosu o strukture prokurorskogo nadzora kak vida gosudarstvennoj dejatel'nosti // Administrativnoe i municipal'noe pravo.– 2012. – # 1. – S. 30-32.
9. Programma Pravitel'stva KR po podderzhke sem'i i zashhite detej na 2018-2028 gody ot 14 avgusta 2017 goda # 479 (V red. Postanovlenija Pravitel'stva KR ot 27 sentjabrja 2019 goda # 501) Oficial'nyj sajt Pravitel'stva KR. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gov.kg/ru/programs/14.
10. Svedenija o rezul'tatah proverok dejatel'nosti organov mestnogo samoupravlenija, provedennyh organami prokuratury Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki s maja po avgust 2020 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.prokuror.kg/files/docs/2020/septemberdecember2020.pdf.
11. Uvelichilos' kolichestvo prestuplenij protiv nesovershennoletnih. Oficial'nyj sajt General'noj prokuratury KR. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.prokuror.kg/news/4185-uvelichiloskolichestvo-zaregistrirovannykh-prestuplenij-votnoshenii-nesovershennoletnikh.html.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kashirgov A. H., Gutaev A. M.
Tasks and functions of criminal responsibility
Criminal liability is an independent institution of law, which has its own special content that distinguishes it from other legal institutions. The specific differences of the criminal law institute are its special legal concepts, such as principles, goals and objectives, as well as the functions and stages of criminal responsibility. The very question of the interpretation of the term criminal liability is still debatable. The problem here is to determine the positive side of criminal responsibility, which many deny.
Keywords: criminal responsibility, constitution, legal responsibility, principles and objectives,
criminal code, social justice, offense.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bajramukov R. B., Suhareva N. D. Special'nye vidy osvobozhdenija ot ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti i zadachi ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva // Obshhestvo i pravo. - 2010. - # 5 (32). - S. 100-103.
2. Blagov E. V. Ob osnovanii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti // Lex Russica. - 2009. - # 1 (146). - S. 97-107.
3. Oganesjan B. G. osvobozhdenie ot ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti i ego zadachi v rossijskom ugolovnom prave // Severo-Kavkazskij juridicheskij vestnik.- 2007. - # 2. - S. 104-109.
4. Smirnov A. M. Priznaki i funkcii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. - 2019. - # 8. - S. 157-159.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Korotkikh N. N.
Some aspects of the institution of parole in the criminal law of Russia
The article analyzes the basics and conditions for parole in criminal law. Among the tendencies of this type of release is the indicator of violation of punishment in absolute numbers of the number of those released on parole, which is explained by the special criminogenic status of the individuals serving imprisonment. The article analyzes the problems of the court’s assessment of the grounds for parole. Some controversial aspects of the new provisions of Article 79 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation are considered. The purpose of the study is to provide theoretical and legal analysis of contemporary problems of the development of parole from recommendations on the most pressing issues. In general terms, the problem of optimizing the institution of parole in the stage of nowadays development of criminal law in Russia is posed.
Keywords: parole, punishment, aims of the punishment, correction of convicts.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonjan Ju.M. Smertnaja kazn' i ee al'ternativa //Ugolovnoe pravo. 2007. # 1. S. 97-100.
2. Bazhanov O.I. Progressivnaja sistema ispolnenija nakazanija. Minsk, 1981. 168 s.
3. Berchanskij K.A. Uchastie poterpevshego v rassmotrenii hodatajstva ob uslovno-dosrochnom osvobozhdenii: pozicija zarubezhnyh pravovedov v primenenii k Rossii // IV Mezhdunarodnyj penitenciarnyj forum «Prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie»: Materialy mezhdunarodnyh nauchno-prakticheskih konferencij i kruglyh stolov, k 140-letiju ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossii i 85-letiju Akademii FSIN Rossii, v 10 t. Izdatel'stvo: Akademija FSIN Rossii. – 2019. S. 36-41.
4. Kazarjan Je.A. Uslovnye vidy osvobozhdenija ot nakazanija (ponjatie, vidy, harakteristika): monografija. Vladimir, 2007. 188 s.
5. Kruglikov L.L., Vasil'evskij A.V. Differenciacija otvetstvennosti v ugolovnom prave. SPb., 2002. 300 s.
6. Seliverstov V.I. Ugolovno-pravovye i ugolovno-ispolnitel'nye problemy uslovno-dosrochnogo osvobozhdenija // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2015. # 3. S. 126-130.
7. Struchkov N.A. Kurs ispravitel'no-trudovogo prava. Problemy Osobennoj chasti. M., 1985. 256 s.
8. Chernenko T.G., Masalitina I.V. Nekotorye voprosy uslovno-dosrochnogo osvobozhdenija ot otbyvanija nakazanija // Vestnik Kuzbasskogo instituta. 2019. # 1 (38).
S. 74-83.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kuznetsov I. A.
Features of violations of interests of service in commercial and other organizations
Article is devoted to a problem of white-collar crime. Questions of justification of need of criminalization of abuses of managers of commercial and other organizations, problems connected with identification of the nature of crime of this type, allocation of its specifics and separation from similar acts of representatives of the public power are considered. Characteristic of the factors influencing criminalization process in general and the considered crimes in particular is given.
Keywords: legislator, interests of service, corruption, commercial and other organizations, criminalization, society, responsibility, order of management, regulation, criminal protection.
Work bibliographic list
1. Groshev A. V. Pravosoznanie v sisteme osnovanij kriminalizacii obshhestvenno opasnyh dejanij //Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 1997. - # 1.
2. Kogan V. M. Social'nyj mehanizm ugolovno-pravovogo-vozdejstvija. - M.: Izdatel'stvo «Nauka», 1983.
3. Osnovanija ugolovno-pravovogo zapreta. Kriminalizacija i dekriminalizacija. - M.: Izdatel'stvo «Nauka», 1982.
4. Plaksina T. A. Social'nye osnovanija kvalificirujushhih ubijstvo obstojatel'stv i ih juridicheskoe vyrazhenie v priznakah sostava prestuplenija: monografija / pod nauch. red. V. D. Filimonova. - Barnaul: Izd-vo Alt. un-ta, 2006.
5. Plohova V. I. Social'noe i pravovoe obosnovanie ugolovnogo zakona (na primere prestuplenij v sfere jekonomiki): uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie. - Barnaul: Izd-vo Alt. un-ta, 2011.
6. Filimonov V. D. Kriminologicheskie osnovy ugolovnogo prava. - Tomsk: Izd-vo Tomskogo un-ta, 1981.
7. Jelekina S. V. Prestuplenija protiv interesov sluzhby v kommercheskih i inyh organizacijah: voprosy kriminalizacii, kodifikacii i kvalifikacii: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Samara, 2020.

CRIMINAL LAW
Lesnikov G. Yu.
To a question of efficiency of criminal regulation
The thesis about insufficient efficiency of the criminal policy pursued by the state is proved in article. The concept of efficiency of criminal regulation and its components is exposed to the analysis. Characteristic of its types is given, factors them causing are considered.
The dependence of result of law-making on compliance of criminal norms to moral and ethical installations of society in this connection the thesis about need of coordination of precepts of law with cultural wealth of society moves forward is proved.
Keywords: criminal policy, efficiency of rules of law, law-making, right realization, behavior regulator, moral expectations of society, moral fundamentals of criminal law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bavsun M.V. Ugolovno-pravovoe vozdejstvie: ideologija, celi i sredstva realizacii: dis. … dokt. jurid.nauk. - Omsk, 2013.
2. Kogan V. M. Social'nyj mehanizm ugolovno-pravovogo vozdejstvija. - M., 1983.
3. Korkunov N. M. Lekcii po obshhej teorii prava. -SPb., 2011.
4. Kudrjavcev V. N., Nikitinskij V. I., Samoshhenko I.S., Glazyrin V. V. Jeffektivnost' pravovyh norm. -M., 1980.
5. Problemy jeffektivnosti raboty upravlencheskih organov. - M., 1973.
6. Teoreticheskie osnovy issledovanija i analiza latentnoj prestupnosti. - M.: JuNITI-DANA: Zakon i pravo, 2011.
7. Shargorodskij M. D. Nakazanie, ego celi i jeffektivnost'. - L., 1973.
8. Shundikov K. V. Mehanizm pravovogo regulirovanija:uchebnoe posobie / pod red. A. V. Mal'ko. - Saratov: SGAP, 2001.
9. Jakovlev A. M. Vzaimodejstvie lichnosti i obshhestva v sisteme social'nogo kontrolja / Social'naja psihologija lichnosti. - M., 1979.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Parfeynikov I. S., Shuiskiy A. S.
Hatred or enmity motives in relation to any social group in extremist crimes: categorical and conceptual aspect
The article deals with the complex issues of the formation of the categorical and conceptual apparatus of extremist crimes, the problems of determining the motives of hatred and enmity, the establishment of signs of a social group in the qualification of such crimes.
Attention is drawn to the variety of doctrinal approaches to the definition of concepts used by the legislator when describing the signs of extremist crimes, discrepancies and difficulties in law enforcement, which together create a wide discussion field.
Keywords: extremist crimes, motives of hatred or enmity, social group, qualification of crimes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 30.12.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_10699/.
2. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 22 aprelja 2010 g. # 564-O-O «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanina Zamuraeva Romana Vladimirovicha na narushenie ego konstitucionnyh prav polozheniem chasti pervoj stat'i 282 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/.
3. Kassacionnoe opredelenie Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 07.07.2011 # 8-O11-10 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/
4. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 28.06.2011 # 11 «O sudebnoj praktike po ugolovnym delam o prestuplenijah jekstremistskoj napravlennosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/.
5. Borisov S.V. Problemy opredelenija soderzhanija i sootnoshenija motivov pri kvalifikacii prestuplenij jekstremistskoj napravlennosti // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2013. # 6. S. 4-9.
6. Egorov N.A. K voprosu o novyh motivah sovershenija prestuplenija // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2008. # 1. S. 42.
7. Kabanov P.A. Politicheskaja nenavist' ili vrazhda kak motiv prestuplenija // Rossijskaja justicija. 2008. # 3. S. 44.
8. Meleshko D.A. Spornye voprosy kvalifikacii prestuplenij, sovershennyh po motivam nenavisti ili vrazhdy v otnoshenii social'noj gruppy// Rossijskaja justicija. 2018. # 1. S. 35-36.
9. Ozhegov S.I. i Shvedova N.Ju. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka: 80 000 slov i frazeologicheskih vyrazhenij / Rossijskaja akademija nauk: Institut russkogo jazyka im. V.V. Vinogradova. 4-e izd., dop. M.: OOO «ITI Tehnologii», 2008. 944 s.
10. Rueva E.O., Vrazhnov A.S. Problemy formulirovanija definicij v prestuplenijah jekstremistskoj napravlennosti // Rossijskij sledovatel'. 2019. # 4. S. 36 - 40.
11. Sociologicheskaja jenciklopedija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.vokabula.rf/ jenciklopedii /sociologicheskaja-jenciklopedija/social'naja-gruppa (data obrashhenija:10.04.2021).
12. Sysoev A.M. O sushhnosti «jekstremistskih» motivov v otechestvennom ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve// Istorija gosudarstva i prava, 2009. # 1. S. 14-16.
13. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka: V 4 t. / Pod red. D. Ushakova; gl. red. B.M. Volin, D.N. Ushakov; sost. V.V. Vinogradov i dr.; pod red. D.N. Ushakova. M.:Terra, 2007. T. 2: L - Ojalovet'. 1500 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Safronov A. A., Nikitin A. I.
Questions about the use of self-defense techniques and the detention of offenders armed with piercing and cutting objects
This article raises questions about the incomplete consistency of self-defense techniques to counteract offenders armed with stabbing objects, shortcomings and significant dangers in the use of methods of protection and detention of persons armed with a knife, the use of complex actions for personal protection against attacks on police officers with a knife, the desire in various situations to avoid direct contact with an armed person and the preservation of a security zone during the detention of offenders using personal security measures.
The recommendations on working out the skills and abilities of using techniques when working with a partner in as close to real conditions as possible are presented. It describes the formed qualities of police officers that increase the chances of successfully working out situations against attacks with stabbing objects.
Keywords. Self-defense, security zone, offender, stabbing and cutting objects, technique of protection from a knife strike.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakona ot 7 fevralja 2011 g. # 3-FZ «O policii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http:/www.consultant.ru. (data obrashhenija: 10.05.2021).
2. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 1 ijulja 2017 g. # 450 “Ob utverzhdenii Nastavlenija po organizacii fizicheskoj podgotovki v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii”. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: (data obrashhenija: 15.05.2021).
3. Teoreticheskie i metodicheskie osnovy organizacii fizicheskoj podgotovki sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii: uchebnik / pod red. S. V. Kuznecova. – M.: DGSK MVD Rossii, 2016. – 328 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Usmanov D. R., Danilov D. B.
Analysis of the functions of members of organized groups in the commission of crimes related to illicit drug trafficking
This article reveals the problems in the field of illicit drug trafficking. Special attention is paid to the trend of distribution of narcotic drugs in the telecommunications network “Internet” as part of organized criminal groups. Currently, access to the “Internet” allows members of criminal communities to interact with each other without direct contact, using, as a rule, prohibited Internet sites for the implementation of their criminal activities. The sign of organization can be traced both in the role of each participant separately, and in their totality, since the subjects have a common goal and a single intent. This paper examines the role and functions of members of
criminal groups in the commission of crimes in the field of drug trafficking.
Keywords: drug trafficking, telecommunications network “Internet”, organized crime, member of an organized group, “organizer and leader”, “courier-pawnbroker”, narcotic drug.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva RF.- 1996. - # 25. - St. 2954.
2. Burcev A. V., Zhukova N. A. Nekotorye osobennosti dokazyvanija pri rassledovanii prestuplenij v sfere nezakonnogo oborota narkoticheskih sredstv i psihotropnyh veshhestv, sovershennyh organizovannymi prestupnymi gruppami // Problemy pravo-ohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti. - 2013. - # 2. - S. 71-75.
3. Sobol' A. V. Osobennosti rassledovanija prestuplenij‚ svjazannyh s nezakonnym oborotom narkotikov‚ sovershennyh v sostave organizovannoj gruppy // Vestnik Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2017. - # 3 (37). - S. 64-67.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Fathiev D. M., Doronin K. N.
Selected aspects of the historical development of terrorism in Russia: motives, goals
This article examines the historical aspects of the development of terrorism in Russia. After all, terrorism is a type of crime that at first glance is only developing, but the origins were born in the time of Ivan the Terrible and were gaining momentum. Terrorists are always looking for new ways and methods of committing crimes and are developing more and more with each new decade. In tsarist Russia, the life and health of the sovereign, serious and especially serious crimes of a property nature, were the goals of terrorism, which is significantly different from the current state of affairs, because at present, the intimidation of the population, the destabilization of the work of state authorities - that is what terrorism pursues.
Keywords: terrorism, history of terrorism, tsarist Russia, the Middle Ages, attempt, Soviet times, modern Russia, the system of punishments.
Work bibliographic list
1. Istorija vozniknovenija terrorizma v Rossii: istoricheskaja spravka // nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij mordovskij gosudarstvennyj institut imeni N. P. Ogarjova. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://mrsu.ru/ru/antiterror/index.php?ID=15245 (data obrashhenija: 25.05.2021).
2. Istorija vozniknovenija terrorizma v Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https: //studme.org/70740/pravo/istoriya_vozniknoveniya_terrorizma_rossii (data obrashhenija: 24.05.2021).
3. Osnovnye zakony po protivodejstviju terrorizmu.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/info/866180 (data obrashhenija: 24.05.2021).
4. Social'no-psihologicheskie problemy terrorizma v Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://studopedia.ru/19_382134_sotsialnopsihologicheskie-problemi-terrorizma-v-rossii.html (data obrashhenija: 23.05.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Stepanov-Yegiyants V. G.
Responsibility for public display of attributes of banned extremist organizations
The article analyzes the important issues of bringing to justice for the public display of the attributes of banned extremist organizations.
Using the example of the motto of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, used on the uniforms of the Ukrainian national football team in 2021, the author examines the regulatory legal acts in the sphere of countering extremism in the Russian Federation. Concludes that it is necessary to form a List of attributes or symbols of organizations that have cooperated with organizations, movements or persons recognized as criminal in accordance with the verdict of the International Military Tribunal.
Keywords: extremism, extremist organization, UPA, symbols and attributes of an extremist organization, Article 282 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, Article 20.3 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ustav Mezhdunarodnogo Voennogo Tribunala dlja suda i nakazanija glavnyh voennyh prestupnikov evropejskih stran osi (London, 8 avgusta 1945 g.)
2. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ.
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 24.02.2021, s izm. ot 08.04.2021).
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 25 ijulja 2002 g. # 114-FZ «O protivodejstvii jekstremistskoj dejatel'nosti».
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 19 maja 1995 g. # 80-FZ «Ob uvekovechenii Pobedy sovetskogo naroda v Velikoj Otechestvennoj Vojne 1941-1945 godov».
6. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 11 ijunja 2015 g. #574 «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil opredelenija perechnja organizacij, ukazannyh v chastjah tret'ej i chetvertoj stat'i 6 Federal'nogo zakona «Ob uvekovechenii Pobedy sovetskogo naroda v Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojne 1941 -1945 godov», a takzhe atributiki i simvoliki jetih organizacij».
7. Informacionno-spravochnye materialy MID RF«Dejatel'nost' OUN-UPA» [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://idd.mid.ru/-/deatel-nost-ounupa
8. Reshenie Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 17 nojabrja 2014 g. #AKPI14-1292S.
9. Bol'shaja rossijskaja jenciklopedija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://bigenc.ru/.
10. Volevodz A.G. Delo «geroev Shuhevicha-Bandery» cherez prizmu principov mezhdunarodnogo prava, priznannyh Ustavom Njurnbergskogo tribunala. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mgimo.ru/about/news/experts/209681/.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Verkhovskaya M. D.
The main directions of improving the definition of the legislative subject of abuse of authority in commercial and other organization
The article is devoted to the consideration of the main directions of improving the legislative definition of the subject of abuse of power in commercial and other organizations. The author comes to the conclusion that it is necessary to bring note 1 to Article 201 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation in accordance with the norms of civil law, as well as to refer to the subjects of the crime in question the persons who actually manage the organization and the heads of the main organization when causing harm to the subsidiary.
Keywords: abuse of authority, special subject of crime, board of directors, “shadow director”, causing harm to a subsidiary organization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prigovor Kirovskogo rajonnogo suda goroda Ekaterinburga ot 26.03.2019 goda po delu # 1-8/2019 //GAS «Pravosudie».
2. Prigovor Korolevskogo gorodskogo suda Moskovskoj oblasti ot 31.07.2019 g. po delu # 1-27/2019 //GAS «Pravosudie».
3. Volzhenkin B. V. Prestuplenija v sfere jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti po ugolovnomu pravu Rossii. –SPb.: Jurid. centr Press, 2007. – 765 s.
4. Dalgatova A. O. Problemy opredelenija sub"ekta zloupotreblenija polnomochijami v kommercheskih i inyh organizacijah v istoricheskom i nauchnom aspektah //Sovremennoe pravo. – 2010. – # 7. – S. 158-160.
5. Ugolovno-pravovoe vozdejstvie: monografija / kollektiv avtorov; pod red. A. I. Raroga. – M.: Prospekt, 2012. – 228 s.
6. Jani P. S. Svjaz' prestuplenija s predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nost'ju // Zakonnost'. – 2019. – # 11. – S. 42-46.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Gasanov A. A., Esenbulatova E. Kh.
Delimitation of “leaving in danger” from other offenses
Despite the significant indicators of the commission of crimes against life and health and the corresponding practice, law enforcement officials do not have unambiguous answers to all the variety of qualification questions. In this article, the author discusses some of the problems and controversial issues of the composition of abandonment at risk. In the article, it is distinguished from adjacent compounds. Some controversial issues of the subjective side of the crime are investigated.
Keywords: criminal liability, corpus delicti, competition of norms, leaving in danger, murder, causing grievous bodily harm, negligence, death, obliged person, abandonment, failure to provide assistance to the patient.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gorbatova A. Ju. Nekotorye problemy ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za nezakonnoe proizvodstvo oborota // Demoskop. - 2012. - # 527-528. - S. 5.
2. Dubovichenko S. V. «Predviden'e vozmozhnostej nastuplenija obshhestvenno-opasnyh posledstvij kak priznak umysla» // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta im. V. N. Tatishheva. - 2009. - # 5. - S. 148.
3. Levchikova K. R. Aktual'nye voprosy ostavlenija v opasnosti // Aktual'nye voprosy obrazovanija i nauki. - 2018. - # 1. - S. 19.
4. Pavalaki A. Problemy razgranichenija ubijstv so smezhnymi vidami prestuplenij // Molodoj uchenyj. - 2016. - # 9. - S. 875.
5. Syzdyk B.K. «Ostavlenie v opasnosti: vlijanie «i/ili» na ugolovnuju politiku i cenu prestupnosti»// Sibirskij juridicheskij vestnik. Gosudarstvo i pravo. Juridicheskie nauki. - 2015. - # 4 (36). - S. 10.
6. Jenciklopedija ugolovnogo prava. T. 13. Prestuplenija protiv zhizni i zdorov'ja. - SPb.: Izdanie professora Malinina MIJeP pri MPA EvrAzJeS, 2013. - S. 930.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kalas M. H., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
The main determinants of criminal suicide of minors
In any civilized society, human life is recognized as the highest value, therefore, the primary task of the state and society is to create the necessary conditions for the preservation and extension of the biological life of the individual. In order to implement this priority task, it is necessary to direct all efforts to reduce the incidence of violent death. Such a phenomenon as self-inflicted death has been of scientific research interest to many scientists since ancient times, and for a long period of time it has been the subject of study in medicine, psychology and philosophy. Criminological research covered only a narrow range of criminal suicides provoked by external physical and mental influence. The study reveals a number of determinants that have a causal relationship with suicidal acts committed by minors.
Keywords: suicide, minors, determinants, causes, crimes, prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arhipova E. Samoubijstva u narodov Rossii. Sklonnost' k suicidu imeet jetnokul'turnuju osnovu. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://nazaccent.ru/content/11318-samoubijstva-u-narodovrossii.html (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2017)
2. Ahmedhanova S. T. Porjadok privlechenija nesovershennoletnih k ugolovno-pravovoj otvetstvennosti (stat'ja) // Evrazijskij Juridicheskij zhurnal. –2019. – # 12 (139). – S. 267-269.
3. Bidova B. B. Protivodejstvie tehnologijam vovlechenija v terroristicheskuju dejatel'nost' // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija: sbornik materialov ezhegodnoj mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2017. – S. 14-20.
4. Blinov A. G., Gerasimov A. M. Ugolovnyj prostupok i ego priroda // Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. – 2018. – # 2 (73). – S. 29-24.
5. Bychkova A. M., Radnaeva Je. L. Dovedenie do samoubijstva posredstvom ispol'zovanija internet-tehnologij: social'no-psihologicheskie, kriminologicheskie i ugolovno-pravovye aspekty //Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. – 2018.– T. 12. – # 1. – S. 101-115.
6. Lelekov V. A., Kosheleva E. V. Juvenal'naja kriminologija: uchebnik. 3-e izd., dop. i pererab. – M.: JuNI-TI-DANA, 2017. – 343 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Isakhov Zh. I.
Comparative legal analysis of the criminal legislation of the CIS for incitement to suicide by self-immolation
In the article, we examined issues regarding the comparative legal analysis of the criminal legislation of the CIS for driving to suicide by self-immolation. This criminal act is poorly studied in the field of criminological research. It should be noted that such actions are mainly caused by economic, political and social demands or radical religious motives, mainly associated with the action or absence of power movement at various levels, as well as the negative consequences of imperfect legislation in force. Today, the states of the Commonwealth have common historical criminal law traditions, based on which they are currently improving their national legislation, taking into account the new realities of life as independent states.
Keywords: suicide, suicide, self-immolation, driving to suicide, criminology, criminal law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ivancova N. V. Model'nyj Ugolovnyj kodeks dlja stran-uchastnikov SNG i ugolovnoe zakonodatel'stvo Rossijskoj Federacii: sravnitel'no-pravovoj aspekt // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2011. - # 6. - S. 166-169.
2. Rekomendatel'nyj zakonodatel'nyj akt dlja Sodruzhestva Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv «Model'nyj Ugolovnyj Kodeks» (s izmenenijami na 16 nojabrja 2006 goda). Prinjat Postanovleniem Mezhparlamentskoj Assamblei gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG # 7-5 ot 17.02.1996 // Jelektronnyj fond pravovoj i normativno-tehnicheskoj dokumentacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/901781490 (data obrashhenija: 26.01.2021).
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki ot 30 dekabrja 1999 goda # 787-IQ (s izm. Ot 06.10.2020 g.) // Continent-online.com. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://continent-online.com/Document/?doc_id=30420353 (data obrashhenija:26.01.2021).
4. Ugolovnyj kodeks Gruzii ot 22 ijulja 1999 g. # 2287-vs (s izm. ot 03.09.2020 # 7099) // matsne.gov.ge. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://matsne.gov.ge/ru/document/view/16426?publication=229 (data obrashhenija: 26.01.2021).
5. Ugolovnyj kodeks Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki ot 2 fevralja 2017 goda # 19 (s izm. ot 31 dekabrja 2020) // Ministerstvo justicii Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/111527 (data obrashhenija: 26.01.2021).
6. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Armenija ot 29 aprelja 2003 goda #ZR-528 (s izm. ot 18 janvarja 2021 g.) //Zakonodatel'stvo stran SNG. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/111527 (data obrashhenija: 26.01.2021).
7. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Belarus' ot 9 ijulja 1999 goda # 275-Z (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 11.11.2019 g.) // Online.zakon.kz. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=30414984 (data obrashhenija: 26.01.2021).
8. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan ot 3 ijulja 2014 goda # 226-V ZRK (s izm. ot 30.12.2020 g.) //Online.zakon.kz. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=31575252#pos=6475;-2 (data obrashhenija:26.01.2021).
9. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Moldova ot 18 aprelja 2002 goda # 985-XV (s izm. ot 04.12.2020 g.) // Continentonline.com. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://continent-online.com/Document/?doc_id=30394923(data obrashhenija: 26.01.2021)
10. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Tadzhikistan ot 21 maja 1998 goda # 574 (s izm. ot17.12.2020 g.)// Continent-online.com. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://continent-online.com/Document/?doc_id=30397325 (data obrashhenija:26.01.2021).
11. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Uzbekistan ot 22 sentjabrja 1994 goda # 2012-XII (s izm. ot 12.02.2021 g.)// Online.zakon.kz. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=31295286 (data obrashhenija: 26.01.2021).
12. Ugolovnyj kodeks Turkmenistana ot 12 ijunja 1997 goda # 222-I (s izm. ot 22.08.2020 g.) // Online.zakon.kz. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=31295286 (data obrashhenija: 26.01.2021).
13. Ugolovnyj kodeks Ukrainy ot 5 aprelja 2001 goda # 2341-III (s izm. ot 04.12.2020 g.) // Online.zakon.kz. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=30418109 (data obrashhenija: 26.01.2021).
14. Ugolovnyj kodeks Jestonskoj Respubliki ot 01.09.2002 // Rossijskij pravovoj portal. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://constitutions.ru/?p=24972 (data obrashhenija: 26.01.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Novikov I. A.
Issues of differentiating responsibility for violations of legislation in the field of charity
The article discusses the problematic aspects of the legal assessment of the actions of persons committing fraud in the field of charity, it is proposed to amend the Federal Law «On charitable activities and volunteering (volunteering)», as well as the establishment of administrative and criminal liability for violation of the requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation on charitable activities and volunteering (volunteering).
Keywords: charity, fraud, differentiation of responsibility, raising funds, charity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 11.08.1995 # 135-FZ «O blagotvoritel'noj dejatel'nosti i dobrovol'chestve (volonterstve)» // Rossijskaja gazeta. — # 159. —17.08.1995.
2. Antonov I. O. Osobennosti vyjavlenija sluchaev moshennichestva, sovershennyh pri sbore sredstv na blagotvoritel'nye celi v informacionno-telekommunikacionnoj seti «Internet» // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta im. V. N. Tatishheva. – 2012.– # 2 (76). – S. 177-182.
3. Boltushenko T. Je., Nazarova T. V. Praktikoorientirovannye podhody k izucheniju voprosa o blagotvoritel'nosti // Tehnologii social'noj raboty s raznymi gruppami naselenija: Materialy VII Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Chita, 04-07 dekabrja 2018 goda / Otvetstvennyj redaktor M. S. Zhiljaeva. – Chita: Zabajkal'skij gosu-
darstvennyj universitet, 2018. – S. 50-59.
4. Glumova O. Ju. Blagotvoritel'nye fondy kak sposob jeffektivnoj organizacii blagotvoritel'nosti //Jekonomicheskie sistemy. – 2016. – # 4. – S. 48-50.
5. Gosduma rassmotrit vvod shtrafov za nezakonnuju blagotvoritel'nost'. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: https://www.interfax.ru/russia/746635.
6. Zhilkin M. G. Differenciacija ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za prestuplenija v sfere predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti: problemy teorii i praktiki: dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. — M., 2019. — 402 s.
7. Na dobroe delo ne zhalko. Rossijskaja gazeta.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2019/01/10/na-chto-prostye-liudi-zhertvuiut-140-160-milliardov-rublej-v-god.html.
8. Oficial'nyj sajt platformy «Esli byt' tochnym».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: https://tochno.st/materials/professionalnaya-blagotvoritelnost-vrazvitii-uchastie-naseleniya-2020.
9. Oficial'nyj sajt sistemy obespechenija zakonodatel'noj dejatel'nosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: https://sozd.duma.gov.ru/bill/1077387-7#bh_histras.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Aliev Kh. K., Asvarov N. A., Magomedova M. M.
Principles for the independence of judges in criminal process
This article is devoted to identifying the elements involved in the system of criminal procedural guarantees for the implementation of the principle of independence of judges in criminal proceedings. The thematic study represents the category of independence in philosophical, ethical, legal and other meanings and their correlation; the distinction between the independence of the court and the independence of judges; the question of compliance with the independence of judges with the main criteria inherent in criminal procedural principles.
Keywords: criminal proceedings, principles, independence of judges, extra-procedural appeals.
Work bibliographic list
1. Burmagin S. V. Status i dejatel'nost' suda v ugolovnom processe: uchebnoe posobie. – M.: Prospekt, 2016.
2. Bezlepkin B. T. Kommentarij k Ugolovno-processual'nomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii: -14-e izdanie, pererab. i dop. – M.: Prospekt, 2017.
3. Gutnik O. V. Institut nezavisimosti suda v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve Rossijskoj Federacii // Lex Russica. – 2017. – # 4. – S. 67-74.
4. Kvicinija F. A. Garantii nezavisimosti sudej: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.11. – Rostov-na-Donu, 2007. – 26 s.
5. Kamardina A. A. Nezavisimost' sudej kak princip ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Aktual'nye voprosy bor'by s prestuplenijami. – 2015. – # 2. – S. 57-59.
6. Kondrashev A. A. Problemy realizacii principa nezavisimosti sudej v Rossii: ot teorii k pravoprimenitel'noj praktike // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2015. – # 8. – S. 181-187.
7. Petuhov N. A., Ermoshin G. T. Nezavisimost' sud'i Rossijskoj Federacii: sovremennye problemy obespechenija // Ros. justicija. – 2013. – # 3. – S. 11-15.
8. Romanenko N. V. O problemah nravstvennyh kachestv sudej v uslovijah osushhestvljaemogo v otnoshenii ih ugolovnogo presledovanija // Ros. sud'ja. – 2017. – #2. – S. 33-37.
9. Shelomanova L. V. Nezavisimost' sudej kak konstitucionnyj princip pravosudija: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.02. – Orel, 2013. – 25 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Guseeva Z. I, Radjabov S. R.
The mechanism of pre-trial adoption of an indictment: problems of theory and practice
The article examines the mechanism of pre-trial adoption of an indictment, its legal nature and stages, as well as problems that arise in practice and in theory. Among the problems that exist today in the criminal procedure law, the problem of the adoption of an indictment is perhaps one of the most urgent.
Within the framework of the mechanism proposed in the article for the pre-trial adoption of an indictment, as well as on the basis of our analysis of several indictments and receipts for their receipt in various cases, we have identified certain errors made by subjects of criminal procedure law during the preparation of an indictment. Among them: the presence of blotches, underscores and blemishes in the text of the indictment; inconsistency of the indictment with the charge set out in the decision to bring as an accused; confusion with the issue of approval by the head of the investigative body of the indictment, etc. Therefore, it is proposed to supplement Part 1 of Article 39 of the Code of Criminal Procedure with paragraph 9.1. “To harmonize the indictment signed by the investigator,” to extend the term of the preliminary investigation and to provide for approval of the indictment additional days to introduce all of the subjects of the criminal process involved in making mechanism of the indictment, to assess the quality and completeness of the investigation, the investigative typical errors and violations of criminal procedural law.
Keywords: indictment; mechanism for pre-trial adoption of an indictment; preliminary investigation; approval of the indictment; prosecutor; investigator; head of the investigative body; criminal procedure.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 02.03.2016).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34481/ (data obrashhenija: 21.02.2021).
2. Bojl'ke V. Ugolovno-processual'noe pravo FRG: uchebnik. 6-e izd., dop. i izm.; per. s nem. Ja. M. Ploshkinoj;pod red. L. V. Majorovoj. - Krasnojarsk: RUMC JuO, 2004.
3. Rukovodstvo dlja sledovatelja i ego obshhestvennogo pomoshhnika: Uchebno-prakticheskoe posobie / Kollektiv avtorov pod obshh. red. Ju. P. Garmaeva. – Novosibirsk: Izdatel'stvo NJuI (f) TGU, 2019.
4. Zimenkov A. A. Vozvrashhenie prokurorom ugolovnogo dela sledovatelju: staryj institut s novymi problemami // Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2012. - # 4. - S. 5-8.
5. Mironov V. Ju. Dostovernost' dokazatel'stv i ih znachenie pri postanovlenii prigovora. - Orenburg: Izdatel'skij centr OGAU, 2016.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Aliev M. M., Radjabov Sh. R.
Problems of investigating crimes in the field of computer technologies
The article deals with the problems of investigating crimes in the field of computer technology. Over the past decade, the situation with crime in the field of computer technology remains quite complex. Prevention, investigation and prevention of crimes in the field of computer information is carried out with the use of legal, software and technical and organizational and technical standards. The legal field regulates the norms that establish responsibility for committing crimes in the field of computer information. The use of these standards protects the copyright of programmers (developers, distributors and owners of software).
Keywords: investigation, computer technologies, crime prevention, investigation methods.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18 dekabrja 2001 # 174-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Dvoreckij M. Ju., Stromov V. Ju. Jeffektivnaja realizacija ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti: problemy teorii i pravoprimenitel'noj praktiki // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2014. – # 8. – S. 87-94.
3. Matmuratov B. D. K voprosu ob ob"ekte posjagatel'stva i predmete hishhenija komp'juternoj informacii //Vestnik Karakalpakskogo filiala Akademii nauk Uzbekskoj SSR. – Nukus, 2012. – # 3. – S. 22.
4. Stepanov-Egijanc V. G. Otvetstvennost' za prestuplenija protiv komp'juternoj informacii po ugolovnomu zakonodatel'stvu Rossijskoj Federacii. – M.: Statut, 2016.
5. Shhegoleva N. A., Shashkova A. A. Informacionnoe obshhestvo i gosudarstvo: specifika vzaimodejstvija(pravovoj analiz) // Srednerusskij vestnik obshhestvennyh nauk. — 2010. — # 4. — S. 134-140.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Gritsenko N. S.
Abolition of the institution of private prosecution: possible problems and prospects
The article analyzes the feasibility of abolishing the institution of private prosecution in criminal proceedings, analyzes the views of scientists on this issue. The positive and negative consequences of the liquidation of private accusations are given. Based on the analysis of judicial practice and statistics, the existing problems of the institution of private prosecution are examined. The incorrectness of the arguments in favor of the existence of a private prosecution is substantiated. The author proposes the option of assigning part of the crimes in criminal cases of private prosecution to the category of private-public, and part - to the category of administrative offenses.
Keywords: private prosecution cases, criminal proceedings, victim, accused.
Work bibliographic list
1. Golubov I. I. Nekotorye voprosy jekonomicheskoj i pravovoj nejeffektivnosti chastnogo obvinenija// Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. - 2016. - # 3. - S.34-41.
2. Doroshkov V. V. Nuzhna li likvidacija chastnogo obvinenija? // Mirovoj sud'ja. - 2021. - # 4. - S. 3-11.
3. Smirnova I. G., Shadrin M. Ju. K voprosu ob iskusstvennosti instituta chastnogo obvinenija v rossijskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Mirovoj sud'ja. - 2020. - # 2. - S. 25-28.
4. Titov P. M. Kriterii otnesenija ugolovnyh del k chastnomu obvineniju. Sub"ekt vozbuzhdenija del chastnogo obvinenija // Rossijskaja justicija. - 2021.- # 1. - S. 37-39.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Dgebiya B. A.
Historical aspects of the establishment of the institution of returning a criminal case to the prosecutor by the court in Russia
The article deals with the transformation of Article 237 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, which establishes the grounds for returning a criminal case to the prosecutor. The author draws attention to the problem of violation of the adversarial principle in the implementation of some of these grounds by the court. In conclusion, it is concluded that the current version of Article 237 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation corresponds to the realities of the time.
Keywords: criminal procedure, return of the criminal case to the prosecutor, the principle of adversarial parties, the powers of the court.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aleksandrov A., Lapatnikov M. Vpered v proshloe (sostjazatel'nost' v ugolovnom processe KS RF likvidiroval) [Jelektronnyj resurs] // JeZh-Jurist. –2013. – # 30. – S. 1-5. Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus» (data obrashhenija 25.03.2021).
2. Davydova N.N. Vozvrashhenie ugolovnogo dela prokuroru v rossijskom ugolovnom processe // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2019. – # 6. – S. 26-29.
3. Zajceva E.A. Postanovlenie KS RF po zhalobe B.T. Gadaeva i zaprosu Kurganskogo oblastnogo suda: razmyshlenija o prave suda na vozvrashhenie ugolovnyh del prokuroru v sostjazatel'nom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Rossijskij sud'ja. – 2014. – # 5. – S. 39-43.
4. Rjabinina T.K. Institut vozvrashhenija ugolovnogo dela prokuroru: pravovoj i nravstvennyj aspekty// Sudebnaja vlast' i ugolovnyj process. – 2019. – #3. – S. 65-72.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Magomedgaziev M. U.
Powers of the prosecutor at the stage of initiating a criminal case
Modern criminal procedural legislation of Russia is characterized by the presence of a number of gaps and collisions in the legal status of the prosecutor as a participant in criminal proceedings. Particular importance in the scientific community is given to the issues of the participation of the prosecutor at the pre-trial stages of the criminal process, in particular, this article will focus on the stage of initiating a criminal case. An analysis of criminal practice allows us to come to the conclusion that it is necessary to effectively resolve the issue of the role of the prosecutor in resolving the tasks set by the criminal policy of our state. It should be noted that the ambiguity of the legal status of the prosecutor entails a decrease in the effectiveness of the implementation of the functions of supervision. In this regard, we consider it necessary to consider the issue of the powers of the prosecutor at the stage of initiating a criminal case, as well as strengthening his legal status.
Keywords: the prosecutor; prosecutor supervision; criminal proceedings; criminal prosecution; criminal proceedings.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zajceva E. A. Reglamentacija sudebnoj jekspertizy na stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela: sovremennoe sostojanie i puti sovershenstvovanija // Sudebnaja jekspertiza. - 2016. - # 1 (45). - S. 38-45.
2. Nazarov A. D., Shaginjan A. S. Rol' prokurora v ustranenii sledstvennyh oshibok // Ugolovnaja justicija. - 2017. - # 10. - S. 121-128.
3. Piven' A. V., Kashapova Ju. D. Aktual'nye problemy processual'nogo statusa prokurora v dosudebnyh stadijah ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Sovremennye innovacii. - 2019. - # 3 (31). - S. 60-63.
4. Rjabinina T. K. I vnov' k voprosu o pravovom statuse prokurora v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. - 2008. - # 1. - S. 41-45.
5. Solov'ev A. B. Problema obespechenija zakonnosti pri proizvodstve predvaritel'nogo sledstvija v svjazi s izmeneniem processual'nogo statusa prokurora //Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. - 2007. - # 3. - S. 10-16.
6. Shabunin V. A. Rukovoditel' sledstvennogo organa:normativnoe regulirovanie i praktika osushhestvlenija processual'nyh funkcij i polnomochij:dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. - Saratov, 2013. - 222 s.
7. Jastrebov V. B. Processual'nyj status prokurora v dosudebnyh stadijah ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva: normativnoe pravovoe regulirovanie i perspektivy razvitija // Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2012. - # 6. - S. 11-13.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Novik E. V.
Prosecutor’s supervision of operational and investigative activities
In the modern conditions of the functioning of the prosecutor’s office, the problem of studying the issues of prosecutorial supervision over the implementation of laws by bodies carrying out operational-search activities, over the observance of human and civil rights and freedoms, which may be violated or the citizens themselves sometimes cannot defend their rights due to the secrecy of information, because the operational-search activity is carried out, including on an unofficial basis. The prosecutor becomes the only guarantor of the observance of the rights and freedoms of citizens during operational-search activities.
Keywords: prosecutor’s supervision, bodies of operational-search activity, prosecutor’s office, police, execution of the law, operational-search activity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zheleznjak N. S. Nekotorye voprosy professional'nogo stanovlenija lic, osushhestvljajushhih nadzor za operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nost'ju // Vestnik Kuzbasskogo instituta. – 2019. – # 4 (41). – S.134-142.
2. Ivanov P. I. Faktory, obuslovlivajushhie osobennosti organizacii prokurorskogo nadzora za ispolneniem zakonov organami, osushhestvljajushhimi operativno-rozysknuju dejatel'nost' // Zakon i pravo.– 2020. – # 3. – S. 139-142.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Zakharyan A. A.
On the participation of the prosecutor in evidence in the consideration of the criminal case received with an indictment (act, decision)
This article deals with the problems of the participation of the prosecutor in providing to us, the final stage of pre-trial proceedings.
It was concluded that at this stage of pre-trial proceedings we have differentiated the powers of the prosecutor depending on the form of the preliminary investigation.
The examination and evaluation by the prosecutor of the evidence collected in the criminal case from one stage of the process to another. By approving the indictment (actidesicion) the prosecutor imposes on himself the obligation to prove the charge formed by the investigator (interrogator). The author proposes to supplement the procedural status of the prosecutor by granting him additional powers related to the termination of a criminal case (criminal prosecution) when considering criminal case with an indictment.
Keywords: prosecutor; subject of evidence, evaluation of evidence, prosecutor supervision, criminal indictment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Balakshin V.S. O sud'be instituta dopolnitel'nogo rassledovanija v rossijskom ugolovnom processe //Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2017. # 6. S. 127-133.
2. Buglaeva E.A. Polnomochija prokurora po osushhestvleniju dokazyvanija na stadii predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija // Vestnik Akademii General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii. 2010. # 5. S. 64-67.
3. Dikarev I.S. Polnomochija prokurora po ugolovnomu delu, postupivshemu s obvinitel'nym zakljucheniem // Rossijskij sledovatel'. 2020. # 10. S. 61-64.
4. Isaenko V.N. Ocenka prokurorom dokazatel'stv v dosudebnom proizvodstve // Zakonnost'. 2014. # 11. S. 34-38.
5. Kovtun N.N. Formirovanie gosudarstvennogo obvinenija kak samostojatel'naja stadija ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva Rossii // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2019. # 9. S. 123-137.
6. Kostin D.V., Kobzarev F.M. O sovershenstvovanii normativno-pravovyh osnov prokurorskogo nadzora za processual'noj dejatel'nost'ju organov predvaritel'nogo sledstvija // Vestnik Akademii General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii. 2016. # 2. S. 3-9.
7. Lazareva V.A. Sudebnoe proizvodstvo po zhalobe na dejstvija i reshenija organa predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija: voprosy dokazyvanija // Zakony Rossii:opyt, analiz, praktika. 2020. # 3. S. 31-36.
8. Rossinskij S.B. O strukture ugolovno-processual'nogo dokazyvanija // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. 2017. # 5. S. 39-50.
9. Spirin A.V. Osobennosti formulirovanija obvinenija pri proizvodstve doznanija v sokrashhennoj forme // Rossijskij sledovatel'. 2018. # 3. S. 44-48.
10. Spirin A.V. K voprosu o sootnoshenii prokurorskogo nadzora i processual'nogo (vedomstvennogo) kontrolja v dosudebnyh stadijah ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Rossijskij sledovatel'. 2017. # 4. S. 27-30.
11. Tabolina K.A. Nadzor prokurora za vozbuzhdeniem i rassledovaniem ugolovnyh del: monografija. M.:Norma, 2020.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Omarov M. O., Aliev K. K., Magomedova M. M.
Mediation in criminal process
The topic of the article concerns mediation in criminal proceedings. The article analyzes a new procedure in the legislation of the Russian Federation - mediation as a means of resolving a dispute with the help of a third party who is not interested in the outcome of the case. The advantages of the mediation procedure are noted, certain problematic points are touched upon. The author makes a proposal for the introduction of mandatory mediation in criminal proceedings.
Keywords: mediation, mediator, mediation agreement, criminal proceedings, impartial.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bagmet A. Prekrashhenie ugolovnyh del sudom v svjazi s primireniem storon // Zakonnost'. - 2007. - #4. - S. 38-40.
2. Volevodz A. G., Dubrovin V. V. Pravovoe regulirovanie vozmeshhenija vreda, prichinennogo prestupleniem, po zakonodatel'stvu SShA // Juridicheskij mir.- 2010. - # 4. - S. 35-42.
3. Volevodz A. G., Dubrovin V. V. Pravovoe regulirovanie vozmeshhenija vreda, prichinennogo prestupleniem, po zakonodatel'stvu zarubezhnyh stran // Juridicheskij mir. - 2019. - # 11. - S. 50-67.
4. Voskobitova L. A. Perspektivy razvitija instituta primirenija storon v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve Rossii // Mirovoj sud'ja. - 2017. - # 1. - S. 8-11.
5. Golovko L. V. Al'ternativy ugolovnomu presledovaniju v sovremennom prave. - SPb., 2019. - 544 s.
6. Gus'kova A. P., Matkina D. V. Mediacija v ugolovnom processe // Rossijskij sud'ja. - 2018. - # 2. - S. 34-37.
7. Popadenko E. V. Al'ternativnye sredstva razreshenija ugolovno-pravovyh konfliktov v rossijskom i zarubezhnom prave. - M.: Izdatel'stvo «Jurlitin-form», 2009. - 176 s.
8. Hudojkina T. V. Razreshenie pravovyh sporov i konfliktov s pomoshh'ju primiritel'nyh procedur //Mirovoj sud'ja. - 2004. - # 4. - S. 17-19.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Sokolov Yu. N.
Electronic and” digital” information: the basics of legal interpretation
The article discusses topical issues of the semantic content of the term “electronic information” and its delimitation from understanding the digital code (form) of its presentation. On the basis of the analysis of the concepts of “computer”, “machine” information and “signal”, the erroneous and unscientific use of the definitions of “digital” and “electronic-digital” information in jurisprudence is substantiated. A more precise concept of “electronic information” is proposed for the purpose of a uniform interpretation of the existing rules of law.
Keywords: signal, digital presentation code, electronic device, interpretation, definitions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27 ijulja 2006 g. # 149-FZ «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i zashhite informacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2006. – # 31 (1 ch.). – St. 3448.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 6 aprelja 2011 g. # 63-FZ «Ob jelektronnoj podpisi» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2011. # 15. – St. 2036.
3. Zazulin A. I. Pravovye i metodologicheskie osnovy ispol'zovanija cifrovoj informacii v dokazyvanii po ugolovnym delam: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg, 2018. – 32 s.
4. Zigura N. A. Komp'juternaja informacija kak vid dokazatel'stva v ugolovnom processe Rossii: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Cheljabinsk, 2010. – 20 s.
5. Ivanov V. Ju. O teoreticheskih aspektah ispol'zovanija v kriminalistike ponjatija jelektronno-cifrovogo sleda// Juridicheskie issledovanija. – 2020. – # 7. – S. 75-80.
6. Informacionnye tehnologii v juridicheskoj dejatel'nosti: uchebnik dlja akademicheskogo bakalavriata / pod obshhej red. P. U. Kuznecova. 3-e izd., pere-rab. i dop. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2016. – 326 s.
7. Kushnirenko S. P. Cifrovaja informacija kak samostojatel'nyj ob"ekt kriminalisticheskogo issledovanija // Vestnik kriminalistiki. – 2006. – Vyp. 2 (18).
– S. 43-47.
8. Meshherjakov V. A., Truhachev V. V. Formirovanie dokazatel'stv na osnove jelektronno-cifrovoj informacii // Vestnik Voronezhskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2012. – # 2. – S. 108-110.
9. Popov V. S., Mansurov N. N., Nikolaev S. A. Jelektrotehnika. Gosudarstvennoe jenergeticheskoe izdatel'stvo. – M., 1962. – 544 s.
10. Semiletov S. I. Dokumenty i dokumentooborot kak ob"ekty pravovogo regulirovanija: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2002. – 27 s.
11. Fat'janov A. A. O definicii «komp'juternaja informacija» v rossijskom ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve // Informacionnoe pravo. – 2017. – # 3 (53).– S. 11-16.
12. Fat'janov A. A. Pravovoe obespechenie bezopasnosti informacii v Rossijskoj Federacii: uchebnoe posobie. – M., 2001. – 412 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Teppeev A. A.
Appointment and production of a forensic examination at the pre-trial stages of the criminal process
The author of the article believes that the changes taking place in the country have caused a growing public need for highly qualified legal assistance. In such circumstances, the role of forensic expertise has also significantly increased. Despite the presence of numerous problems that make it difficult to assign and conduct a forensic examination, the author focuses on the problems of the lack of professionalism of investigators (interrogators). To improve the educational level of investigators (interrogators), whose competence includes the appointment of expertise, the author proposes to introduce training courses, systematically organize trainings, seminars, discussions, “round tables”, focused on the exchange of experience.
Keywords: interrogator, cognition, specialist, investigator, criminal case, expert examination, expert research, expert.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon «O gosudarstvennoj sudebno-jekspertnoj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii» i Federal'nyj zakon «O Sledstvennom komitete Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 26.07.2019 # 224-FZ (poslednjaja red.) // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –
Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 31.05.2001 # 73-FZ «O gosudarstvennoj sudebno-jekspertnoj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii» (poslednjaja red.) // Rossijskaja gazeta. – # 106. – 05.06.2001 // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru.
3. Garipova R. A. Svedushhie lica: jekspert i specialist v Rossijskom ugolovnom processe // Tambov:Gramota. – 2014. – # 12. – Ch. 3. – S. 55-57.
4. Zajceva E. A. Koncepcija razvitija instituta sudebnoj jekspertizy v uslovijah sovremennogo ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. – M.,2008. – 424 s.
5. Mishin A. V., Mazurenko P. N. Aktual'nye problemy naznachenija i proizvodstva sudebnoj jekspertizy // VJePS. – 2017. – # 1. – S. 88.
6. Ob osnovnyh pokazateljah sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://d-russia.ru/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/december.pdf (data obrashhenija: 18.03.2021).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Khakunov A. M., Tolgurova Z. H.
Features of pre-trial cooperation in the course of criminal proceedings
In the article, the authors consider the issues of concluding an agreement on cooperation with law enforcement agencies, subjects of criminal responsibility. The mechanism of concluding a cooperation agreement, the relevance of its application in the investigation of criminal cases, and
some subtleties that need to be taken into account when applying them are disclosed. Also, an assessment of the feasibility and effectiveness of the use of such agreements to achieve the goals
of criminal proceedings in general is carried out.
Keywords: pre-trial agreement, “deal with justice”, criminal groups, mitigating circumstance, interaction with the preliminary investigation bodies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (Prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 goda s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 1 ijulja 2020 goda), (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 g. # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 g. # 7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 g. # 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 g. # 11-FKZ).
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 g. # 174-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020) // SZ RF. - 2001. - # 52 (Ch. 1). - St. 4921.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 20.07.2020 # 224-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v stat'i 314 i 316 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» 20 ijulja 2020 goda # 224-FZ Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 g. # 174-FZ (red. Ot 31.07.2020) // SZ RF. - 2001. - # 52 (Ch. 1). - St. 4921.
4. Dosudebnoe soglashenie o sotrudnichestve v Rossijskom ugolovnom processe Hakunov A. M., Napsokov A.R. // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 11(150). - S. 305-307.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Boginskiy M. M.
International legal framework for ensuring the criminal procedural security of an individual in the countries of the European Union
The article examines the system of international legal regulation of ensuring personal safety in criminal proceedings, as part of the legal systems of the member states of the European Union. Based on the analysis of the provisions of a number of international legal acts, the author emphasizes the specifics of the regulation of the indicated problem. The results of the study allowed the author to conclude that the norms of the EU legislation governing the issues of criminal procedural security of a person have formed a concept of ensuring the security of a person in criminal proceedings, unified for all EU member states.
Keywords: security, personal security, international law, criminal procedure.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonov I. O., Verin A. Ju., Kljukova M. E. K voprosu ob izmenenii dosudebnogo soglashenija o sotrudnichestve i prekrashhenii ego dejstvija // Problemy protivodejstvija prestupnosti: opyt, sovremennoe sostojanie i puti reshenija: sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj pamjati professora V. A. Maljutkina (Cheboksary, 3 dekabrja 2018 g.). – Cheboksary: Izd-vo Chuvash. un-ta, 2018. – S. 21-27.
2. Antonov I. O., Verin A. Ju., Kljukova M. E., Shagieva R. V. Transformacija instituta priostanovlenija proizvodstva po ugolovnomu delu v stadii predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija // Uchenye trudy Rossijskoj akademii advokatury i notariata. – 2018. – # 4 (51).– S. 113-116.
3. Epihin A. Ju. Koncepcija obespechenija bezopasnosti lichnosti v sfere ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva. Dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. – M., 2005.
4. Kamchatov K. V. Direktivy Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta Evropejskogo Sojuza ob uchastii zhertv prestuplenij v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Rossijskij zhurnal pravovyh issledovanij. – 2015. – T. 2. –# 4 (5). – S. 143.
5. Krasnova K. A. Zashhita svidetelej v Evropejskom sojuze: pravovoe regulirovanie // Rossijskoe pravo: obrazovanie, praktika, nauka. – 2015. – # 2 (86). – S. 48.
6. Pravo Evropejskogo Sojuza: uchebnik dlja magistrov/ pod red. S. Ju. Kashkina. — 3-e izd., pererab. i dop.— M.: Izdatel'stvo. Jurajt; ID Jurajt, 2014. – S. 40.
7. Ugolovnaja justicija: problemy mezhdunarodnogo sotrudnichestva. – M., 1995.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Levchenko O. V., Mischenko E. V.
Some problems of the proof process of the pre-trial stage of the investigation of criminal cases of a terrorist orientation
The article considers a number of problems related to the process of proving at the pre-trial stage of the investigation of criminal cases of a terrorist orientation. It is proved that the circumstances
to be proved at this stage of the proceedings have specific features related to the composition of the crime. At the same time, it remains important to observe the constitutional guarantees, human and civil rights and freedoms, regardless of the severity of the crime committed.
Keywords: terrorist crimes, the process of proving the circumstances to be proved, initiation of a criminal case, operational and investigative measures, forensic examinations.
Work bibliographic list
1. O sudebnoj jekspertize po ugolovnym delam: postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 21 dekabrja 2010 goda # 28 // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. – 2011. – # 2.
2. Belkin R. S. Kriminalisticheskaja jenciklopedija. –M., 1997.
3. Belkin Ju. N. K voprosu ob organizacii ugolovno-processual'noj dejatel'nosti v stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela o prestuplenijah terroristicheskoj napravlennosti // Biznes v zakone. – 2011.– # 6. – S. 87-90.
4. Butaev M. Ja. Dokazyvanie po delam o prestuplenijah terroristicheskogo haraktera na dosudebnyh stadijah ugolovnogo processa (teoretiko-prikladnoj aspekt): avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2016.
5. Vedishhev N. P. Primenenie operativno-rozysknyh meroprijatij pri rassledovanii del o narkotikah// Advokat. – 2015. – # 3 – S. 23-36.
6. Goncharova T.A. Pervonachal'nyj jetap rassledovanija terrorizma: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk.– M., 2006.
7. Zuev S.V. Polozhenija Instrukcii v reshenii voprosa o zakonnosti prigovora: analiz praktiki //Zakonnost'. – 2016. – #4. – S. 58-60.
8. Kurdjukova A. V. Osobennosti ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva po delam o terroristicheskom akte: dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg, 2009.
9. Ozhegov S. I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka. – M.: Russkij jazyk, 17-e izd., ster., 1985. – S. 691.
10. Stremouhov A. V., Ivanov I. A. Ispol'zovanie rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: problemy i puti ih reshenija // Leningradskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2016. – # 1. – S. 185-193.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Bichenova A. R., Eremeeva E. Yu.
Monitoring of the behavior of convicted women with delay in serving their sentences
This article addresses the problems associated with the application of deferral of sentence to convicted women, monitoring of these persons through penal institutions. The monitoring assumes that PSI inspectors play a special role in providing social assistance, support and protection to convicts sentenced to non-custodial sentences.
Keywords: sentences without places of deprivation of liberty, women, deferral of sentence, penal inspections, monitoring of convicted persons.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 g. # 63-FZ (red. ot 08.04.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 1996. - # 25. - St. 2954.
2. Zhukov A. V. Nekotorye problemy primenenija otsrochki otbyvanija nakazanija beremennym zhenshhinam i zhenshhinam, imejushhim maloletnih detej //Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta im. V. N. Tatishheva. - Tol'jatti, 2002. - Vyp. 9. - S. 151.
3. Kacuba S. A. Institut otsrochki otbyvanija nakazanija beremennym zhenshhinam i zhenshhinam, imejushhim maloletnih detej: monografija. - Rjazan': Akademija prava i upravlenija FSIN, 2009.
4. Luk'janova I. M. Otsrochka otbyvanija nakazanija:dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: special'nost' 12.00.08. -Tjumen', 2010.
5. Ob utverzhdenii Koncepcii razvitija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy RF na period do 2030 g. (Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF) ot 29 aprelja2021 g. # 1138-r. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija:10.06.2021)
6. Sajt sudebnogo departamenta. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=120&item=72. (data obrashhenija: 17.06.2021)
7. Sundurova O. F. Osnovanija uslovnogo osuzhdenija i otsrochki otbyvanija nakazanija po pravilam st. 82 UK RF: sravnitel'noe issledovanie // Nauchnyj Tatarstan. - 2008. - # 3. - S. 185.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Golodov P. V.
Some problems of legal responsibility of convicts for violation of the procedure and conditions for serving a sentence
The article presents a scientific analysis of the problems of legal regulation of the legal responsibility of convicted persons for violating the order and conditions of serving a sentence. The necessity of establishing appropriate measures of responsibility in relation to all types of punishments is justified, separate legal changes to the norms of the penal enforcement legislation are proposed.
Keywords: penal system, convicts, procedure of sentence serving, legal responsibility, criminal liability, administrative responsibility, disciplinary responsibility.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gorlova E. N., Sitnik A. A., Sobol' O. S. Otvetstvennost' za narushenie finansovogo zakonodatel'stva:uchebnoe posobie dlja magistratury / Otv. red. N.M. Artemov, A. A. Sitnik. – M.: Norma: INFRA-M,2019. – 112 s.
2. Dalanov D. S. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja prejudicija: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Rjazan', 2011. – 19 s.
3. Dvorjanskov I. V. Uklonenie ot otbyvanija nakazanij i inyh mer ugolovno-pravovogo haraktera, ne svjazannyh s izoljaciej ot obshhestva: osnovanija i vidy otvetstvennosti // Vedomosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. – 2020. – # 5 (216). – S. 29-35.
4. Kodaneva E. A. Perevod v bolee strogie uslovija otbyvanija nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody kak pravovoe posledstvie priznanija osuzhdennogo zlostnym narushitelem // Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2015. – # 4 (64). – T.2. – S. 228-231.
5. Lipinskij D. A. O nekotoryh problemah sistemy juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti // Pravo i politika.– 2004. – # 12. – S. 22-30.
6. Marchenko M. N. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik. – M.: Prospekt, 2018. – 656 s.
7. Santashova L. L., Hudjakova E. A. Sovershenstvovanie pravovogo regulirovanija mer pooshhrenij i vzyskanij, primenjaemyh k osuzhdennym k lisheniju svobody // Vestnik instituta: prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie. – 2019. – T. 13. – # 2. – S. 249-256.
8. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo Rossii. Obshhaja chast': uchebnik / pod red. V. E. Jeminova, V. N. Orlova. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2017. – 287 s.
9. Utkin V. A. Rol' «tjuremnyh nachal» v sovremennoj penitenciarnoj sisteme Rossii // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema: pravo, jekonomika, upravlenie.– 2005. – # 3. – S. 19-25.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Golubtsova A. I.
Violation of the law by employees of the penitentiary system in the performance of official duties
The article deals with the issues of ensuring the rule of law by employees of the penal enforcement system in the performance of official duties. Various interpretations of the concept of “legality” are disclosed, as well as an analysis of the causes, conditions and factors affecting the state of legality of the official activities of employees of penitentiary institutions is carried out. The theoretical and practical aspects of service in the penitentiary system are considered, on the basis of which the conclusion is formulated that the principle of legality in the work of correctional officers is a priority task and to ensure it, it is necessary not only to create decent, safe conditions for service, but also to form “healthy” teams of employees with a favorable moral and psychological climate. The proposals for improving therule of law and the rule of law in the activities of the penal enforcement system of Russia are presented.
Keywords: ensuring the rule of law, employees, correctional institutions, crimes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bekkaria Ch. O prestuplenijah i nakazanijah / Sost. i pred. V.S. Ovchinskogo. - M., 2004. - 150 s.
2. Varygin A.N. Prestupnost' sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del i problemy vozdejstvija na nee: Avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. - Saratov., 2003. - 46 s.
3. Demin V.M. Profilaktika pravonarushenij sotrudnikov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - M., 2007. - 26 s.
4. Endin A.B. Zakonnost' v dejatel'nosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy rossijskogo gosudarstva: Obshhepravovoj analiz: dis. … kand. jurid.nauk. - Vladimir, 2005. - 170 s.
5. Kubasov A.V. Obespechenie principa zakonnosti v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah obshhego i strogogo rezhima: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Rjazan', 2005. - 28 s.
6. Kriminologija: Uchebnik dlja vuzov / Pod obshh. red. d.ju.n., prof. A.I. Dolgovoj. - 3-e izd., pere-rab. i dop. - M.: Norma, 2005. - 912 s.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Rasulov R. N., Esenbulatova E. K.
Problematic issues of the punishment system in the Russian Federation
The author examines issues related to the criminal law regulation of the institution of punishment as one of the most important institutions of criminal law. The article analyzes the history of the emergence, formation and development of the domestic system of criminal punishments, reveals its problematic aspects, problems of achieving the goals of criminal punishment in modern conditions, associated with the presence of evaluative categories that generate collisions, disputes, contradictions that do not contribute to the unity of law enforcement. Measures are proposed to optimize the current criminal legislation.
Keywords: institution of punishment, goals of punishment, principles of criminal law, criminal liability, types of criminal punishments, correction of convicts.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bragin A. P. Rossijskoe ugolovnoe pravo: uchebnoe posobie. — M.: Evrazijskij otkrytyj institut, 2011. — 688 c. — ISBN 978-5-374-00474-8. — Tekst:jelektronnyj // Jelektronno-bibliotechnaja sistema IPR BOOKS: [sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim
dostupa: https://www.iprbookshop.ru/10819.html (data obrashhenija: 26.06.2021).
2. Ljadov Je. V. Problemnye voprosy primenenija nakazanij, al'ternativnyh lisheniju svobody» //Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija «Pravo».– 2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemnye-voprosyprimeneniya-nakazaniy-alternativnyh-lisheniyusvobody(data obrashhenija: 24.06.2021).
3. Pechnikov N. P. Ugolovnoe nakazanie i praktika ego primenenija: uchebnoe posobie. — Tambov: Tambovskij gosudarstvennyj tehnicheskij universitet, JeBS ASV, 2012. — 86 c. — Tekst: jelektronnyj // Jelektronno-bibliotechnaja sistema IPR BOOKS. [Jelektronnyj
resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.iprbookshop.ru/64600.html (data obrashhenija: 26.06.2021).
4. Stepanov M. V. «Problemy reglamentacii instituta nakazanija» // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta im. V. N. Tatishheva. – 2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemy-reglamentatsii-instituta-nakazaniya (data obrashhenija: 25.06.2021).
5. Stromov V. Ju. «Sistema nakazanij: problemy i predlozhenija po ih resheniju» // Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Serija: Gumanitarnye nauki. –2011. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sistema-nakazaniy-problemyi-predlozheniya-po-ih-resheniyu (data obrashhenija:22.06.2021).
6. Sundurov F. R., Talan M. V. Nakazanie v ugolovnom prave: uchebnoe posobie. — M.: Statut, 2015.— 256 c. — ISBN 978-5-8354-1134-4. — Tekst: jelektronnyj // Jelektronno-bibliotechnaja sistema IPR BOOKS: [sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.iprbookshop.ru/49079.html (data obrashhenija: 26.06.2021).
 
JUDICIARY
Permyakov M. V., Morozova E. V., Khodasevich O. N.
Problems of simplified proceedings in the arbitration process
Simplified proceedings in the arbitration process is a special procedure for consideration of cases provided for in Chapter 29 of the APC of the Russian Federation, according to which arbitration
courts consider cases of claim proceedings and proceedings in cases arising from administrative
and other public legal relations. In contrast to writ proceedings, consideration of cases in summary proceedings does not exclude the existence of a dispute about the right.
Keywords: Case, materials, Internet, electronic justice, legality, interim measures, business activity, economic activity, statement of claim, Respondent’s recall, evidence, burdensome measures, court, regulatory regulation, court costs.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 25 ijunja 2012 goda # 86-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Arbitrazhnyj processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s sovershenstvovaniem uproshhennogo proizvodstva»// Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 2012. - # 26. -St. 3439.
2. Informacionnoe pis'mo Prezidiuma VAS RF ot 20.01.05 # 89 «O nekotoryh voprosah rassmotrenija del v porjadke uproshhennogo proizvodstva» p. 3.
3. Kerenskij I. V. Nekotorye kategorii arbitrazhnyh del budut rassmatrivat'sja v porjadke uproshhennogo proizvodstva vne zavisimosti ot soglasija storon // SPS Konsul'tantPljus. - 2012.
4. Komarova L. P. Dostoinstva i nedostatki Arbitrazhnogo processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii 2002 goda // Arbitrazhnaja praktika. - 2003.- # 5.
5. Mantashjan A. O. Aktual'nye problemy uproshhennogo proizvodstva v arbitrazhnom processe // Sovremennoe pravo. - 2014. - # 6. - S. 91.
6. Ponomarenko V. A. K voprosu o modernizacii sudebno-arbitrazhnoj processual'noj formy v svete izmenenij APK RF i koncepcii jelektronnogo pravosudija // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. -2013. - # 2. - S. 146.
7. Pojasnitel'naja zapiska k proektu Federal'nogo zakona ot 25 ijunja 2012 g. # 86-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Arbitrazhnyj processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i chast' vtoruju Nalogovogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s sovershenstvovaniem uproshhennogo proizvodstva» // Konsul'tantPljus. - 2017.
8. Sivak N. V. Uproshhennoe proizvodstvo v arbitrazhnom processe. - 2009. - S. 51.
9. Jarkov V. V. Kommentarij k Arbitrazhnomu processual'nomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii // Info-tropik Media. - 2011.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Gumenchuk О. O.
Use of special criminal knowledge at the crime report check stage
The relevance of the topic of the article is due to the fact that the disclosure and investigation of crimes committed in modern conditions requires the mandatory use of the achievements of science and technology. The forensic units of the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia are called upon to assist in the use of technical means and special knowledge at each stage of the investigation of criminal cases. The article touches upon the topic of using a special type of special knowledge - special forensic knowledge in the production of verification of a crime report. The importance of this stage of the stage of initiating a criminal case is substantiated, along with this, the importance of the activities of forensic specialists involved in assisting in the collection and consolidation of initial information about the event is noted.
Keywords: crime report, special knowledge, special forensic knowledge, forensic specialist, forensic expert, preliminary investigation, material traces, evidence, crime scene investigation, initiation of a criminal case.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 11.06.2021, s izm. ot 17.06.2021). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy Konsul'tantPljus.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.02.2011 # 3-FZ (red. Ot 05.04.2021) «O policii». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy Konsul'tantPljus.
3. Ob utverzhdenii Nastavlenija po organizacii jekspertno-kriminalisticheskoj dejatel'nosti v sisteme MVD Rossii: prikaz MVD RF ot 11 janvarja 2009 g. # 7 (s izm. ot 02.12.2020). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy Konsul'tantPljus.
4. Abrosimov I. V., Grishina E. P. Specialist kak svedushhee lica i uchastnik processa dokazyvanija v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Sovremennoe pravo.– 2005. – # 8. – S. 50-57.
5. Volynskij A. F., Chegodaeva S. S., Tkach V. Ju. Sudebnaja-jekspertnaja i tehniko-kriminalisticheskaja– raznye vidy dejatel'nosti // Izvestija Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Jekonomicheskie i juridicheskie nauki. – 2013. – # 2-2. – S. 22-30.
6. Zinin A. M. Kriminalist v sledstvennyh dejstvijah: Uchebno-prakticheskoe posobie. – M.: Jekzamen, Pravo i zakon, 2004. – 144 s.
7. Lobova S. A. «K voprosu ob opredelenii ponjatija «proverka soobshhenija o prestuplenii»» // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. – 2018. – # 3. – S. 102-104.
8. San'kov V. I. Kachestvo proverki soobshhenija o prestuplenii: aktual'nye voprosy sledstvennoj praktiki, vedomstvennogo kontrolja i prokurorskogo nadzora // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2018. – # 1. – S. 31-34.
9. Syromlja L. B. Predvaritel'noe issledovanie material'nyh sledov na meste dorozhno-transportnogo proisshestvija: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Habarovsk, 2017. – 325 s.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Moskalenko V. N.
The activity of the explosive laboratory of the ECC GU of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region in the disclosure and investigation of the crimes of terrorist orientation
The article considers the directions and positive experience of the explosive laboratory established in the structure of the Expert and Forensic Center of the Main Department of Internal Affairs in the city of St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region. Special attention is paid to the participation of laboratory employees in the disclosure and investigation of crimes, scientific and other types of official activities.
Keywords: criminalistics, explosive industrial laboratory, expertise, research, scientific work.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belkin R. S. Kriminalisticheskaja jenciklopedija. -M.: Megatron XXI, 2000. - 2-e izd. dop.
2. Vinberg A. I. Rol' uchenija E. F. Burinskogo v formirovanii otechestvennoj kriminalistiki. — Volgograd: VSSh MVD SSSR, 1981. - 80 s.
3. Delo o terakte v metro Sankt-Peterburga 3 aprelja 2017 goda // Prilozhenie RIA Novosti» [sajt]. -2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20191210/1562147292.html (data obrashhenija:04.07.2021).
4. Markin V. I. Sledstvennym komitetom Rossijskoj Federacii vozbuzhdeno ugolovnoe delo po faktu krushenija samoleta v Egipte // Sledstvennyj komitet Rossijskoj Federacii [sajt]. - 2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sledcom.ru/news/
item/983867 (data obrashhenija: 04.07.2021).
5. Mihajlova O. Lenina vyveli iz stroja // Gazeta. ru[sajt]. - 2004. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.gazeta.ru/social/2009/04/01/2968863.shtml(data obrashhenija: 04.07.2021).
6. Pat. 2500980 Rossijskaja Federacija, MPK F42D 5/04. Ustrojstva i sposoby, obespechivajushhie bezopasnost'- obezvrezhivanie zarjadov vzryvchatyh veshhestv, naprimer, unichtozhenie boepripasov; predotvrashhenie detonacii zarjadov vzryvchatyh veshhestvizvlechenie iniciirujushhih ustrojstv, razborka boepripasov /zajaviteli Vasil'ev V. D., Grigor'ev A. Ju., Dunilov K.K., Semashkin G. V., Frolenkov Ju. A., Dushenok S. A., patentoobladatelja FGUP SKTB «Tehnolog» (RU) - #2011147905/03, zajavl. 24. 11.11. opubl. 27. 05.13.
7. Prakticheskie rekomendacii po otboru prob snarjazhenija promyshlennyh vzryvnyh ustrojstv, naibolee chasto vstrechajushhihsja v jekspertnoj praktike. Ish.JeKC MVD Rossii # 37/20-4043 ot 29.06.2016.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Nagoeva M. A.
Activities of investigative bodies for the prevention of crimes
The article is devoted to the issues of improving preventive activities, interrelated and provided for by legislation, as well as measures developed by theory and practice, carried out by preliminary investigation bodies. The ways of identifying and eliminating the causes and conditions that contributed to their commission, preventing planned crimes and educating citizens in the spirit of respect for the norms of law are highlighted and described. The article is devoted to a comprehensive study of techniques and methods for identifying the causes and conditions that contributed to the commission of crimes.
Keywords: preventive activity, investigator, crime prevention, legal norms, crime prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akkaeva H.A. Aktual'nye voprosy protivodejstvija prestuplenijam protiv zdorov'ja naselenija // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. 2021.T. 17. # 2. S. 269-272.
2. Gorskij G. F. Vyjavlenie i izuchenie prichin prestupnosti. Voronezh: Izd-vo Voronezhskogo gos. Un-ta, 1964.
3. Gukovskaja N. I. Dejatel'nost' sledovatelja i suda po preduprezhdeniju prestuplenij nesovershennoletnih. M.: «Juridicheskaja literatura», 1967.
4. Zvirbul' V. K, Mihajlov A. I. Osnovnye napravlenija i formy raboty sledovatelja po preduprezhdeniju prestuplenij. M.: «Juridicheskaja literatura», 1965.
5. Zvirbul' V., Kudrjavcev V. i dr. Vyjavlenie prichin prestuplenija i prinjatie predupreditel'nyh mer po ugolovnomu delu. M.: «Juridicheskaja literatura», 1967.
6. Korkmazov A.V. Tendencii razvitija organizovannoj terroristicheskoj prestupnosti v uslovijah globalizacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2020. # 1 (140). S. 375-376.
7. Nagoeva M.A. Primenenie nauchno-tehnicheskih sredstv i metodov v hode osmotrov mest proisshestvij // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2020. #8 (147). S. 297-298.
8. Shamaev A.M. Rol' sledstvenno-operativnoj gruppy pri rassledovanii prestuplenij terroristicheskoj napravlennosti // Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija. 2015. # 18. S. 138-140.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Nazarkin E. V., Suleymanov T. A.,
Zakharova S. S., Zharko N. V.
About the role of an investigator and a specialist at the preparatory stage of examining the scene of an accident during the investigation of a crime in the field of computer information
Тhis article discusses the features of the organization and conduct of the preparatory stage of the inspection of the scene of the incident during the investigation of a crime in the field of computer information. Separate tactical recommendations of the preparatory stage of the inspection of the scene of the accident, the features of attracting and participating a specialist during its conduct are proposed.
Keywords: inspection of the scene of the accident, computers, an investigator, a specialist, a preparatory stage.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kasatkin A. V. Taktika sobiranija i ispol'zovanija komp'juternoj informacii pri rassledovanii prestuplenij: avtoref. dis…. kand. jurid.nauk. – M., 1997. – 23 s.
2. Rassledovanie nepravomernogo dostupa k komp'juternoj informacii. Ucheb. posobie / Pod.red. N. G. Shuruhnova. – M.: Moskovskij universitet MVD Rossii, 2004. – 352 s.
3. Shuruhnov N. G. Kriminalistika: uchebnik. – M.:MPSI; Voronezh: MODJeK, 2011. – 775 s.
4. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www/advgazeta/ru/Kiberprestuplenij stanovitsja vse bol'she, odnako ih raskryvaemost' umen'shaetsja.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Urusov Z. Kh., Kodzokov B. V.
Problematic issues arising from the fixing of tracks and the investigation of road accidents
Extortion as a type of embezzlement is one of the most latent and socially dangerous acts, along with robbery and other types of violent acts. The public danger of extortion lies in the fact that for frequent victims of this kind of crime, citizens do not apply to law enforcement agencies for protection of their rights, which leads to the continuation of repeated crimes committed against the same citizen and arbitrariness on the part of criminal elements. The result of extortion is not only causing property damage, but also encroaches on the life, health, dignity of the individual. In this regard, there is an encroachment on several protected objects of public relations, which makes it possible to attribute extortion to a group of dangerous crimes and the legislation establishes increased responsibility for committing, in comparison with other property crimes. In the article, the author identifies some problematic issues that arise during the investigation of road accidents.
Keywords: extortion, group of persons by prior agreement, public danger.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ (v red. ot 31.07.2020 # 260-FZ)// Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 17 ijunja 1996 g. – # 25. – St. 2954.
2. Alekseeva N. S., Maksutova I. X. Avtotransportnye proisshestvija i ih rassledovanie. – M., 2003.
3. Oficial'nyj sajt RosInfoStat. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rosinfostat.ru/dtp(data obrashhenija: 01.07.2021)
4. Shhagapsoev Z. L., Kardanov R. R. Informacionno-analiticheskoe obespechenie raskrytija i rassledovanija prestuplenij // Sudebnaja jekspertiza. – 2014.– # 1 (37). – S. 84-91.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Fadeev I. A.
Legal institute of urgent investigative actions:a brief digression into the history of the issue
The article critically analyzes the legal institution of urgent investigative actions, which, in the author’s opinion, despite the adoption of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation (2001), has changed little for the better. The reasons for this are related to objective and subjective circumstances. This, however, does not in any way justify its legislative flaw, since it seriously complicates the criminal procedure activities of the employees and heads of the division and the bodies of inquiry.
Keywords: inquirer, head of the inquiry unit, head of the inquiry body, body of inquiry, investigation, inquiry, form of preliminary investigation, function, authority, operational search activity, urgent investigative actions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Barsukova T. V. Neotlozhnye sledstvennye dejstvija i oshibki pri ih proizvodstve: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. - Voronezh, 2004. - 24 s.
2. Lukovnikov G. D. Organy doznanija v Rossijskoj Federacii i ih kompetencija. - M., 1998. - S. 25–28.
3. Strogovich M. S. Kurs sovetskogo ugolovnogo processa. - M.: Izdatel'stvo «Nauka», 1970. - T. 2.
4. Himicheva G. P. Rassmotrenie miliciej zajavlenij i soobshhenij o prestuplenii. - M.: JuI MVD RF, 1997.
5. Ugolovnyj process: uchebnik dlja vuzov / pod red. V.P. Bozh'eva. - M.: Spark, 1998.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Sheklein Yu. N.
Typological features of the personality of self-serving criminals (based on the materials of the Altai Territory)
The issues related to the characteristics of the personality of a self-serving criminal at the present stage are investigated based on the materials of the Altai Territory. Based on a detailed study of the identity of a thief and a fraudster, the most typical characteristics of them are given. The author comes to the conclusion that self-serving criminals are more socially adapted and sociable, less impulsive and prone to aggression, more labile and mobile, they have less anxiety and general dissatisfaction with their social situation.
Keywords: criminal personality, typology, thief, fraudster, determinants, personality portrait.
Work bibliographic list
1. Botvin I. V. Problemy realizacii principa viny pri kvalifikacii hishhenij // Aktual'nye problemy bor'by s prestuplenijami i inymi pravonarushenijami. – Barnaul: BJuI MVD Rossii, 2018. – #16-2. – S. 10-11.
2. Kravcov I. A. O social'no-demograficheskih priznakah lichnosti prestupnika, sovershivshego moshennichestvo v sfere kreditovanija // Obshhestvennaja bezopasnost', zakonnost' i pravoporjadok v III tysjacheletii. – 2015. – # 1-1. – S. 102-107.
3. Kriminologija: Obshhaja i Osobennaja chasti: kurs lekcij / R. M. Abyzov, K. R. Abyzov, I. V. Botvin, A.V. Konjaev, R. A. Semenjuk, A. F. Fedorov, I. N. Zavarykin; pod obshhej red. d-ra jurid. nauk, prof.,zasl. jurista Rossijskoj Federacii R. M. Abyzova.– Barnaul: Barnaul'skij juridicheskij institut MVD Rossii, 2020. – 262 s.
4. Osobennosti pervonachal'noj kvalifikacii i profilaktiki prestuplenij, rassmatrivaemyh uchastkovymi upolnomochennymi policii / I. V. Botvin,O. V. Ermakova, R.A. Semenjuk, O.N. Shtab i dr. – Barnaul: Barnaul'skij jurid. in-t MVD Rossii, 2019.
– 164 s.
5. Oficial'nyj sajt MVD Rossii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.rf /Deljatelnost/statistics.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Golyandin N. P., Moskalenko V. N., Sheriev A. M.
Positive experience in neutralizing explosive objects prior to forensic research
The article discusses the positive experience of the 10th department of the Forensic Center of the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region for the disposal of explosive objects before conducting forensic research. Attention is focused on the design and method of using the P-40 destroyer, which is used for remote neutralization of explosive objects.
Keywords: explosive industrial laboratory, explosives, ammunition, homemade explosive devices.
Work bibliographic list
1. Valetov D. A., Grigor'ev A. Ju. Ispol'zovanie razrushitelja vzryvoopasnyh predmetov R-40 v jekspertno-kriminalisticheskoj praktike pravoohranitel'nyh organov // Vestnik MVD Rossii. – 2014. - Vyp. # 1 (130).
2. Grigor'ev A. Ju. i dr. Razrushiteli vzryvoopasnyh predmetov i artillerijskih boepripasov // Voprosy oboronnoj tehniki. Serija 16: Tehnicheskie sredstva protivodejstvija terrorizmu. - 2011. - # 5-6. - S. 54-57;Pat. 2500980 Rossijskaja Federacija, MPK F42D 5/04.
Ustrojstva i sposoby, obespechivajushhie bezopasnost'- obezvrezhivanie zarjadov vzryvchatyh veshhestv, naprimer, unichtozhenie boepripasov; predotvrashhenie detonacii zarjadov vzryvchatyh veshhestvizvlechenie iniciirujushhih ustrojstv, razborka boepripasov /zajaviteli Vasil'ev V. D., i dr., patentoobladateljaFGUP SKTB «Tehnolog» (RU) - # 2011147905/03, zajavl.24. 11.11. opubl. 27. 05.13.
3. Grigor'ev A. Ju., Dushenok S. A., Mazur A. S. I dr. Razrushiteli vzryvoopasnyh predmetov boepripasov blizhnego boja i protivopehotnyh min. // Aktual'nye problemy zashhity bezopasnosti. Tehnicheskie sredstva protivodejstvija terrorizmu. // XV Vserossijskaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konf. RARAN. Sankt-Peterburg. 3-6 aprelja 2012 g. Sb. trudov konf. - SPb:NPO Special'nyh materialov. - 2012. - T. 2. - S. 308-310.
4. Grigor'ev A. Ju., Mazur A. S., Semashkin G. V. i dr. Razrushiteli vzryvoopasnyh predmetov i artillerijskih boepripasov // Voprosy oboronnoj tehniki. Serija 16: Tehnicheskie sredstva protivodejstvija terrorizmu. - 2011. - # 5-6. - S. 54-56.
5. Grigor'ev A. Ju., Mazur A. S., Semashkin G. V i dr. Razrushiteli vzryvoopasnyh predmetov i artillerijskih boepripasov // Voprosy oboronnoj tehniki. Serija 16: Tehnicheskie sredstva protivodejstvija terrorizmu. - 2011. - # 5-6. - S. 54-57.
6. Grigor'ev A. Ju., Mazur A. S., Semashkin G. V i dr. Sposob privedenija v bezopasnoe sostojanie ruchnyh granat i artillerijskih boepripasov malogo kalibra // Voprosy oboronnoj tehniki. Serija 16: Tehnicheskie sredstva protivodejstvija terrorizmu. - 2012.
- # 4-5. - S. 120-122.
7. Mazur A. S., Grigor'ev A. Ju., Semashkin G. V., Vasil'ev V. D., Dunilov K. K., Frolenkov Ju. A. Sposob privedenija v bezopasnoe sostojanie ruchnyh granat i artillerijskih boepripasov malogo kalibra // Voprosy oboronnoj tehniki. - 2011. - Serija 16. - Vyp. 9-10.
8. Pat. 2500980 Rossijskaja Federacija, MPK F42D 5/04. Ustrojstva i sposoby, obespechivajushhie bezopasnost'- obezvrezhivanie zarjadov vzryvchatyh veshhestv, naprimer, unichtozhenie boepripasov; predotvrashhenie detonacii zarjadov vzryvchatyh veshhestvizvlechenie iniciirujushhih ustrojstv, razborka boepripasov /zajaviteli Vasil'ev V. D., Grigor'ev A. Ju., Dunilov K.K., Semashkin G. V., Frolenkov Ju. A., Dushenok S. A.,
patentoobladatelja FGUP SKTB «Tehnolog» (RU) - #2011147905/03, zajavl. 24. 11.11. opubl. 27. 05.13.
9. Petrenko E. S. Razrushiteli vzryvnyh ustrojstv i drugih vzryvoopasnyh predmetov. // Special'naja tehnika. - 2002. - # 3. - S. 33-34.
10. Savenkov G. G., Mazur A. S., Grigor'ev A. Ju., Semashkin G. V. Kriterij udarno-volnovogo iniciirovanija slabo pressovannyh poroshkoobraznyh vzryvchatyh veshhestv // Izvestija Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnologicheskogo instituta (tehnicheskogo universiteta). - 2013. - # 18 (44). - S. 4-14.
11. Fizika vzryva /pod red. L. P. Orlenko. – izd. 3-e,ispr. – V 2 t. T. 1. - M.: FIZMATLIT, 2004.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Nagoeva M. A.
Some questions on improving the activities of investigative bodies for the prevention of crimes
The article considers a wide range of issues related to the tactical features of the investigative actions. Investigative actions carried out in a timely manner and at the appropriate professional level allow us to obtain a lot of investigative and evidentiary information. It is not for nothing that the inspection of the scene of the incident is figuratively called the “key” to solving crimes. The purpose of conducting investigative actions is to detect, perceive, study and record the properties and signs of material objects located at the scene of the incident, to clarify the nature of the event that occurred, the identity of the criminal, the motives of the crime, etc. When conducting investigative actions, investigators are obliged to receive maximum information about the mechanism of the crime committed, about traces and other material evidence.
Keywords: investigator, crime prevention, investigation, evidentiary information.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akkaeva H. A. Osobennosti primenenija special'nyh psihologicheskih znanij v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2020.- T. 13. - # 3. - S. 235-237.
2. Berova D. M. Osobennosti ispol'zovanija komp'juternoj informacii iz seti «internet» pri rassledovanii prestuplenij v Rossijskoj Federacii // Probely v Rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2020. - # 2. - S.147-149.
3. Gercenzon A. A. Voprosy preduprezhdenija prestuplenij v novom zakonodatel'stve sojuznyh respublik //«Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo». - 1961. - # 7.
4. Gorskij G. F. Vyjavlenie i izuchenie prichin prestupnosti. - Voronezh: Izd-vo Voronezhskogo gos. un-ta, 1964.
5. Gukovskaja N. I. Dejatel'nost' sledovatelja i suda po preduprezhdeniju prestuplenij nesovershennoletnih. - M., «Juridicheskaja literatura», 1967.
6. Zvirbul' V. K, Mihajlov A. I. Osnovnye napravlenija i formy raboty sledovatelja po preduprezhdeniju prestuplenij. - M., «Juridicheskaja literatura», 1965.
7. Zvirbul' V., Kudrjavcev V. i dr. Vyjavlenie prichin prestuplenija i prinjatie predupreditel'nyh mer po ugolovnomu delu. - M.: «Juridicheskaja literatura», 1967.
8. Zujkov G. G., Grishanin P. F. Vyjavlenie prichin prestupnosti i preduprezhdenie prestuplenij. - M., 1967(VSh MVD SSSR).
9. Korkmazov A. V. Izuchenie lichnosti terrorista kak odin iz sposobov protivodejstvija rasprostraneniju terroristicheskoj ideologii // Vestnik Severo-Kavkazskogo gumanitarnogo instituta. - 2014. - # 17. - S.85.
10. Shhagapsoev Z. L. K voprosu o roli organov vnutrennih del v preduprezhdenii prestuplenij, sovershaemyh s ispol'zovaniem informacionnyh tehnologij (IT-prestuplenij) // Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba i kadry.- 2020. - # 2. - S. 131-134.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Gayday M. K., Galtsev S. A., Kurilo S. N.
The negative impact of criminality on the development of personality qualities in young people
The article considers the negative impact of the criminal subculture, in particular its manifestation as informal differentiation, on the development of youth. The authors emphasize that excessive positive coverage in the media and the Internet of subcultural manifestations of criminality, their lifestyle negatively affect the socialization of the younger generation. In the youth environment, the norms of life of professional criminals and persons isolated from society (convicted) take root quite quickly, especially if there are no other life examples and guidelines.
Keywords: criminal subculture, penitentiary subculture, youth, criminality, subculture.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonjan M. Ju., Vereshhagin V. A., Kalmanov G. B. Tjuremnaja subkul'tura i nejtralizacija ee negativnyh projavlenij // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 1996. - # 10. - S. 72-79.
2. Gajdaj M. K. Penitenciarnaja deviantnost' i strategii ee minimizacii. Monografija. - Ulan-Udje:Izdatel'stvo BGU, 2010. - 148 s.
3. Krivcova T. N. K probleme otverzhenija nekotoryh kategorij osuzhdennyh // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. - 2009. - # 2. - S. 33-36.
4. Nigmatullin R. V., Karimov R. R., Romanov A. A. Rebenok v sovremennoj Rossii: prava, vozmozhnosti, sistema zashhity: monografija. - Ufa, 2015. - 217 s.
5. Olejnik A. N. Tjuremnaja subkul'tura v Rossii: ot povsednevnoj zhizni do gosudarstvennoj vlasti. -M.: INFRA-M, 2001. - 418 s.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Kolenko R. S., Klochkov R. V., Pimonova E.E.
Separate features of the criminological characteristics of the personality of a criminal committing separate types of fraud
Тhis article is devoted to the consideration of issues related to certain features of the criminological aspect of the personal characteristics of a criminal who commits certain types of
frauds provided for by the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The article deals with the personality traits of the subject of a crime in accordance with the elements of crime we have chosen. The purpose of the article is to determine the fundamental criteria for identifying the personality of a criminal for the implementation of subsequent preventive measures in relation to individuals to counter crimes against the proper functioning of economic relations in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: criminology, criminal identity, fraud, internet fraud, crime prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Botvin I. V. Nekotorye voprosy vinovnogo vmenenija v hode realizacii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za prestuplenija protiv sobstvennosti, sovershaemye putem obmana ili zloupotreblenija doveriem// Aktual'nye problemy bor'by s prestuplenijami i inymi pravonarushenijami. – Barnaul: BJuI MVD Rossii, 2017. – # 15-2. – S. 13-15.
2. Botvin I. V. Problemy realizacii principa viny pri kvalifikacii hishhenij//Aktual'nye problemy bor'by s prestuplenijami i inymi pravonarushenijami. – Barnaul: BJuI MVD Rossii, 2018. – # 16-2. – S. 10-11.
3. Botvin I. V. Uchet principov ugolovnogo prava pri ocenke prestupnogo dejanija // Aktual'nye problemy uchenija o prestuplenii: tezisy dokladov i soobshhenij Mezhdunarodnoj nauch. konferencii, posvjashh. 90-letiju so dnja rozhdenija A. I. Marceva. – Omsk: Omskaja akademija MVD Rossii, 2020. – S. 73-76.
4. Botvin I. V., Rep'eva A. M. Nekotorye problemy social'noj adaptacii lic, osvobodivshihsja iz mest lishenija svobody // Juridicheskij vestnik Dagestanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2018.– Vyp. 3. – S. 99-102.
5. Greneva K. V., Muhina O. O. Moshennichestvo v Internete // Dnevnik nauki. – 2017. – # 7. – S. 7.
6. Kolenko R. S., Matvejchuk N. S., Kobylinskij S.I. Obuchenie uchastkovyh upolnomochennyh policii jeffektivnym dejstvijam pri osushhestvlenii zaderzhanija pravonarushitelja, vooruzhennogo ognestrel'nym oruzhiem: teoreticheskij i praktiche-
skij aspekty realizacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 4 (155). – S. 375-377.
7. Komarov A. A. Kriminologicheskie aspekty moshennichestva v global'noj seti Internet: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Saratovskaja gosudarstvennaja juridicheskaja akademija. – Saratov, 2011. – 262 s.
8. Svodnye statisticheskie svedenija o sostojanii sudimosti v Rossii za 2020 god. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79&item=4894.
9. Sostojanie prestupnosti. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://media.mvd.ru/files/application/.
10. Stel'mah S. R., Zhirnova N. A. Moshennichestvo v seti Internet // V sbornike: Jekonomika. Obrazovanie. Pravo. Nauchnye issledovanija sostojanija i razvitija sovremennogo obshhestva. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov po materialam mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-
prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2016. – S. 588-591.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Kurbatova G. V., Bondarenko I. V.
Prevention of environmental crimes: current aspects of law enforcement and ways of further development
Тhe article reveals issues related to the most acute, urgent and relevant aspects of prevention of environmental crimes, updates and clearly demonstrates the importance and significance of combating environmental crimes by preventing them, expresses specific directions for improving
and suggestions for further development of the system of prevention of environmental crimes.
Keywords: environmental crimes, prevention, ecology, environment, natural resources, ecosystem, fight against crimes, efficiency, improvement, development.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ezhemesjachnyj sbornik o sostojanii prestupnosti v Rossii // General'naja prokuratura Rossijskoj Federacii: ofic. sajt. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://crimestat.ru/analytics (data obrashhenija: 13.01.2021).
2. Ioseliani A. D. Global'naja jekologija i jekologicheskaja bezopasnost': filosofskoe osmyslenie //Vek globalizacii. – 2019. – # 1. – S. 69-73.
3. Rednikova T. V. Organizovannaja Jekologicheskaja prestupnost' v Rossii i za rubezhom: Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika i mery protivodejstvija // Lex Russica. – 2018. – # 9. – S. 98-104.
4. Sarkisov O. R. Otvetstvennost' za jekologicheskie prestuplenija i pravonarushenija po rossijskomu zakonodatel'stvu, problemy ego sovershenstvovanija // Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i sociologii. –2018. – # 4. – S. 164-170.
5. Tat'janina L. G., Lukomskaja A. S., Juldoshev R. R. Ponjatie, sushhnost' i sovremennye perspektivy preduprezhdenija jekologicheskoj prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 1. – S. 104-111.
6. Fatkulin S. T., Grishhenko V. A. Protivodejstvie jekologicheskoj prestupnosti (na primere Kurganskoj i Cheljabinskoj oblastej) // Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija:Pravo. – 2019. – # 4. – S. 64-69.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Mamaev M. I.
Features of the criminological characteristics of financial cybercrime
The article is devoted to the analysis of the genesis, initial development and signs of a new type of organized crime - “Financial cybercrime”, directly related to the formation of the shadow economy. The article considers the relevance of countering this socially dangerous phenomenon in the conditions of digital transformation of the economy.
Keywords: new financial technologies, organized crime, economic security, financial cybercrime, economic crime, threats to economic security, the shadow economy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akaeva A. A. Latentnost' prestupnosti protiv sobstvennosti i ee prichiny // Zakonomernosti prestupnosti, strategija bor'by i zakon / Pod red. Prof. A. I. Dolgovoj. - M.: Rossijskaja kriminologicheskaja associacija, 2001.
2. Petrov Je. I., Marchenko R. N., Barinova L. V. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika i preduprezhdenie jekonomicheskih prestupleniĭ: Ucheb. Posobie. - M.:Akademija MVD Rossii, 1995.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Sultanbekova P. R., Magomedova A. I.
Criminological “portrait” of the fraudster’s personality
This article is devoted to the forensic characterization of a person who, by deception or abuse of trust, has taken possession of someone else’s property or acquired ownership of it. The analysis of the concept of “personality of a criminal” is carried out from various points of view of legal scholars on this issue. An attempt is made to systematize the forensically significant information and typical characteristics of the fraudster’s personality. The high importance of studying this issue for the most effective disclosure and investigation of fraud in all its manifestations is demonstrated.
Keywords: fraud, crime, corpus delicti, identity of the offender, analysis, statistics, criminal law, criminology.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alieva D. N. Lichnostnaja harakteristika moshennika (po materialam sudebnoj praktiki Respubliki Dagestan) // Reformy v Dagestane: sbornik nauchnyh trudov, T.VI. - Mahachkala: DGINH, 2005. - 0,25 p.l.
2. Antonjan Ju. M. Lichnost' prestupnika. - M.:INFRA-M., 2010. - 368 s.
3. Ahmetgareev R. N. Motivacionnaja sfera lichnosti moshennika // Aktual'nye problemy jekonomiki i prava. - 2009. - # 2. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/motivatsionnaya-sfera-lichnosti-moshennika (data obrashhenija: 06.06.2021)
4. Bembeeva G. V. Takticheskie i psihologicheskie osobennosti rassledovanija moshennichestva: dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. - Volgograd, 2011.
5. Vardanjan A. V., Gribunov O. P. Sovremennaja doktrina metodiko-kriminalisticheskogo obespechenija rassledovanija otdel'nyh vidov prestuplenij// Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossii. - 2017. - # 2 (81).- S. 23-35.
6. Grigorjan A. A. Lichnost' moshennika kak jelement kriminalisticheskoj harakteristiki prestuplenija // Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija. -2011. - # 3. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/lichnost-moshennikakak-element-kriminalisticheskoy-harakteristikiprestupleniya-1 (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021)
7. Zhilkina M. S. Strahovoe moshennichestvo. Pravovaja ocenka, praktika vyjavlenija i metody presechenija. - M.: Volters Kluver, 2015. - 192 c.
8. Lesnjak V. I. Moshennichestvo (ugolovno-pravovoj i kriminologicheskij aspekty): dis. ... kand. jurid.nauk. - Ekaterinburg, 2000.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Bogdanov A. V.
Labor adaptation of the head of the territorial body of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia at the district level
The article deals with the issues of labor adaptation of the heads of territorial bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia at the district level when taking office and at the initial stage of organizing the activities of the unit. The labor adaptation of the manager is considered from the position of a system category consisting of social, organizational, professional and psychophysiological elements.
The content of each of the designated elements and their significance for the successful passage of the labor adaptation of the head of the internal affairs bodies of the district level is revealed.
Keywords: internal affairs bodies, head, management, labor adaptation, entry into office, organization of activities.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bogdanov A. V., Serikov R. A. Oznakomlenie s operativnoj obstanovkoj pri vhozhdenii v dolzhnost' rukovoditelja territorial'nogo organa MVD Rossii: ponjatie, soderzhanie, znachenie // Sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Obshhestvennaja bezopasnost', zakonnost' i pravoporjadok v III tysjacheletii. – Voronezh, 2020.– # 6-1. – S. 260-265.
2. Bogdanov A. V., Serikov R. A. Formirovanie upravlencheskogo stilja rukovoditelem territorial'nogo organa MVD Rossii rajonnogo urovnja: soderzhanie, tipovye problemy i puti ih reshenija // Sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Strategicheskoe razvitie sistemy MVD Rossii: sostojanie, tendencii, perspektivy». Pod obshhej redakciej I. G. Chistoborodova, A. L. Sitkovskogo, V. O. Lapina. – M., 2020. – S. 104-111.
3. Vesnin V. R. Upravlenie personalom. Teorija i praktika: uchebnik. – M.: Izdatel'stvo TK Velbi, 2008. – 688 s.
4. Martynova N. A. Ocenka kandidatov v rezerv upravlencheskih kadrov: analiz kljuchevyh upravlencheskih kompetencij // Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie v XXI veke: povestka dnja rossijskoj vlasti. Materialy 10-j Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii fakul'teta gosudarstvennogo upravlenija MGU imeni M. V. Lomonosova, 29-31 maja 2012 g. V 3 chastjah. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo universiteta, 2013. – Ch. 3. – S. 318-326.
5. Nauchnaja organizacija truda rukovoditelja territorial'nogo organa MVD Rossii: kurs lekcij / A. D. Ul'janov, I. P. Mozhaeva; pod nauch. red. I. P. Mozhaevoj. – M.: Akademija upravlenija MVD Rossii, 2018.– 127 s.
6. Upravlenie personalom / pod obshh. red. A. I. Turchinova. – M.: RAGS, 2003.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Klimovskiy A. S., Stetsenko N. V.
Peculiarities of law enforcement officers’ training for negotiations with terrorists
The article deals with the issue of the peculiarities of training of law enforcement officers for negotiations with terrorists. The psychological components of the negotiation process, as well as foreign experience in this matter are highlighted. Attention is paid to the personality of a law enforcement officer participating in negotiations with terrorists, as well as individual psychological requirements imposed on him.
Keywords: terrorism, negotiations, employee of the internal affairs bodies, crime, suppression of crimes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Illarionov V. P. Peregovory s prestupnikami (pravovye, organizacionnye, operativno-takticheskie osnovy). - M., 1994. - 415 s.
2. Karajani A. G., Cvetkov V. L. Psihologija obshhenija i peregovorov v jekstremal'nyh uslovijah. - M.: JuNITI-DANA, 2009. - 249 s.
3. Kvit G. L. Psihologicheskie aspekty vedenija peregovorov pri osvobozhdenii zalozhnikov // Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. - 2002. - # 2. - S. 111.
4. Podgotovka peregovorshhikov, ispol'zuemyh pri zahvate zalozhnikov terroristami. Jekspress-informacija. - M.: GIC MVD RF, 1990. - # 10.
5. Psihologicheskoe obespechenie vedenija peregovorov s prestupnikami pri zahvate zalozhnikov. Metodicheskie rekomendacii. Upravlenie vnutrennih del Ivanovskoj oblasti. - Ivanovo, 2006.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Mustafin M. A.
Preventive activities of internal affairs bodies
The article presents the characteristics of the preventive activities of the internal affairs bodies of the committed offenses on the basis of research and scientific analysis of the general theoretical provisions of the rules of administrative law.
Keywords: prevention, suppression, offenses, counteraction, law and order.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 #7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 01.07.2020 # 11-FKZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 01.07.2020.– # 31. – St. 4398.
2. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 g. # 195-FZ(red. ot 11.06.2021) // SZ RF. – 2002. – # 1 (ch. 1). – St.1; 2019. – # 14. – St. 1219.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 23.06.2016 g. # 182-FZ «Ob osnovah sistemy profilaktiki pravonarushenij v Rossijskoj Federacii» // SZ RF. – 2016. – # 26 (ch. 1). – St. 3851.
4. Levitin V. B. Problemnye aspekty realizacii v dejatel'nosti organov predvaritel'nogo sledstvija zakonodatel'nyh novell ob osnovah sistemy profilaktiki pravonarushenij // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2017. – # 16. – S. 35-37.
5. Markova O. S. Obshhie cherty administrativnyh pravonarushenij i prestuplenij // Administrativnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2018. – # 6. – S. 1-8.
6. Talalaev A. N. Nekotorye aspekty vzaimodejstvija organov vnutrennih del i sredstv massovoj informacii po ohrane pravoporjadka v Rossijskoj Federacii. — Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Molodoj uchenyj. — 2020. — # 17 (307). — S. 238-240.
7. Sharojan Ju. K. Preduprezhdenie i profilaktika pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih silami OVD: problemy i perspektivy. — Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Molodoj uchenyj. — 2020. — # 6 (296).— S. 154-158.
8. Fomin P. P. Administrativnyj nadzor policii kak vid pravoohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti // Aktual'nye problemy prava: teorija i praktika. – 2018.– # 35. – S. 255-260.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Tsrimov A. A.
The role of the preliminary investigation bodies in the prevention of terrorist crime
This article analyzes certain concepts of crime prevention, highlights the specifics of the work of employees of investigative units in crime prevention.
Currently, the scale of preventive activities is increasingly expanding, the development of techniques and methods for identifying and eliminating the causes that contribute to the commission of crimes is becoming increasingly important.
The article is devoted to the problems of interaction between investigators and bodies of inquiry, it is emphasized that activities for the prevention, disclosure and investigation of crimes can achieve positive results only if the coordinated and purposeful work of the bodies fighting crime and the effectiveness of their use of all legal methods and means.
Keywords: expert, crime investigation, investigator, crime prevention, investigative actions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Krivosheev A. S. Izuchenie lichnosti obvinjaemogo v processe rassledovanija. - M.: «Juridicheskaja literatura», 1971.
2. Kulagin N. I., Velikorodnyj P. G. Predstavlenija organov sledstvija po delam o hishhenijah socialisticheskogo imushhestva. // «Trudy VSSh MVD SSSR».- 1973. - Vyp. 7.
3. Larin A. M. Rassledovanie po ugolovnomu delu. - M.:«Juridicheskaja literatura», 1970.
4. Min'kovskij G. M., Arzumanjan T. M. Dejatel'nost' organov rassledovanija, prokurora i suda po preduprezhdeniju prestuplenij. - M., Gosjurizdat, 1962.
5. Shamaev A. M. Rol' sledstvenno-operativnoj gruppy pri rassledovanii prestuplenij terroristicheskoj napravlennosti // Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija. - 2015. - # 18. - S. 138-140.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Shogenov Z. A., Karachaev A. R.
The role of preventive activities of district police officers in preventing domestic violence and domestic crimes
In the conditions of a continuous increase in the number of crimes committed, the district police commissioners play an important role in protecting the rights and freedoms of citizens. From the moment of their formation to the present time, the district police commissioners have had a significant impact on the formation of the police as a whole and the formation of trusting relations between citizens and the state. In this paper, the authors emphasize the importance of preventive activities of district police commissioners to prevent domestic violence, focus on the problems of detecting domestic crimes and offenses.
Keywords: district police commissioner, family and domestic crimes, domestic violence, preventive activities, public order, security, prevention of crimes and offenses, detour, registered persons, administrative precinct, domestic crimes, family conflict.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 27.12.2019) // Konsul'tant Pljus: komp. sprav. pravovaja sistema.
2. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 29 marta 2019 g. # 205 «O nesenii sluzhby uchastkovym upolnomochennym policii na obsluzhivaemom administrativnom uchastke i organizacii jetoj dejatel'nosti» // Konsul'tant Pljus: komp. sprav. pravovaja sistema.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru.
3. Procenko A. I. O nekotoryh problemah pravoprimenenija v dejatel'nosti uchastkovyh upolnomochennyh policii // Policija i obshhestvo: problemy i perspektivy vzaimodejstvija. - 2019. - #1. - S. 193-198.
4. Suvorova O. A. Voprosy vzaimodejstvija uchastkovogo upolnomochennogo policii i inspektora po delam nesovershennoletnih v profilaktike toksikomanii i narkomanii nesovershennoletnih. //Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo prava i processa. - 2018. - # 4. - S. 46-48.
5. Topchieva T. V. Osnovanija proizvodstva sledstvennyh dejstvij uchastkovymi upolnomochennymi policii. // Vestnik Barnaul'skogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2020. - # 2 (39). - S. 81-84.
6. Cvetkov A. V. K voprosu o polnomochijah uchastkovogo upolnomochennogo policii po rassmotreniju del ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah. //Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo prava i processa. - 2020. - # 2. - S. 64-66.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Mustafin M. A., Ilyasova A. I.
The activities of the internal affairs bodies to combat illegal drug trafficking
The article considers some areas of work of the internal affairs bodies in the field of combating drug trafficking. It is noted that drug trafficking is a serious global problem that threatens the life of society in any state of the world. Drug trafficking is a business that is behind legal and moral norms, but brings huge profits to its owners.
Keywords: drug trafficking, prevention, responsibility, investigation, suppression.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks RF ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ (v red. ot 11.06.2021). // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF.- 17 ijunja 1996. - # 25. - St. 2954.
2. Apelljacionnoe postanovlenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 07.11.2018 // SPS «GARANT».
3. Kassacionnoe opredelenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda # 11-UD17-39 ot 13.092017 // SPS «GARANT».
4. Postanovlenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda # 33-APU17-20 ot 05.09.2017 // SPS «GARANT».
5. Botkin P. N. Profilaktika prestuplenij v sfere nezakonnogo oborota narkoticheskih sredstv, psihotropnyh veshhestv i ih analogov. - Tula: Iskra, 2018. - 42 s.
6. Gadzhiev V. Je.-ogly. Osobennosti profilakticheskoj raboty po ugolovnym delam, svjazannym s nezakonnym oborotom narkotikov // Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2018. - # 2. - S. 53-54
7. Drapezo R. G., Shelestjukov V. N. Operativno-rozysknye situacii beskontaktnogo sbyta narkoticheskih sredstv i psihotropnyh veshhestv posredstvom telekommunikacionnyh setej i seti Internet //Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2020. - # 1. - S. 58-59.
8. Zazulin A. A. Predotvrashhenie nezakonnogo oborota narkotikov i kontrol' za ih rasprostraneniem v Rossii. - M.: Norma-infra, 2018. - 80 s.
9. Pupceva A. V. Takticheskie i metodicheskie osobennosti proizvodstva osmotra tehnicheskih sredstv pri rassledovanii prestuplenij v sfere nezakonnogo oborota narkotikov. - M.: Pero, 2016. - 103 s.
10. Skorikov D. G., Kolovorotnyj A. A. Osobennosti vyjavlenija i dokumentirovanija prestuplenij, svjazannyh s nezakonnym oborotom narkoticheskih sredstv //Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2018. - # 3. - S. 25-26.
11. Soktoev Z. B., Tembotova M. A. Psihoaktivnye veshhestva: o neobhodimosti izmenenija podhoda zakonodatel'noj reglamentacii bor'by s narkotizmom //Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. - 2020. - # 7. - S. 112-113.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Kovsh S. V., Konosov A. A.
Comparative analysis of cybercrime in Russia and foreign countries: ways and methods of combating
The article deals with the problems of cybercrime, as well as its varieties of cyber suicide, the origins of its origin, who is more susceptible to this phenomenon and at what age. And how dangerous this phenomenon is in the modern world and how to deal with it at the level of legislation.
The article also examines the act of Rina Kambolina, her history and how her act influenced the
emergence of cyber suicide in Russia. Causes of origin cyber suicide in Western countries.
Keywords: Cybercrime, Internet fraud, suicide, cyber suicide.
Work bibliographic list
1. Macuta V. V., Feshhenko A. V. Metodicheskie rekomendacii po provedeniju monitoringa i snizheniju faktorov riska cifrovoj bezopasnosti detej, podrostkov i molodezhi.
2. Stupen' M. V. Sravnitel'nyj analiz kiberprestuplenij v Rossii i zarubezhnyh stranah.– Tekst: jelektronnyj // Nauchnaja jelektronnaja biblioteka «KiberLeninka». – 2016. – # 5. – S.125-127. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sravnitelnyy-analizkiberprestupleniy-v-rossii-i-zarubezhnyh-stranah/viewer (data obrashhenija: 04.06.2021).
3. TADVISER: [sajt] / Chislo kiberprestuplenij v Rossii. – 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.tadviser.ru/index.php/Stat'ja:Chislo_kiberprestuplenij_v_Rossii (data obrashhenija:04.06.2021). – Tekst: jelektronnyj.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Muhammad А.
Political terrorism as a result of religious and ethnic extremism
The author in this article, analyzing political terrorism as a form of religious and ethnic extremism, examines its various negative aspects. Terrorism causes loss of life, economic losses, undermines stability in international relations, destabilizes the political situation within individual states, turns into a regulator of social relations, intensifies an atmosphere of fear, uncertainty, paralyzes and suppresses public will, affects the interests of state security, has a strong influence on the entire international a life. According to the author, political terrorism negatively affects the religious and ethnic traditions of neighboring peoples and can develop into an interregional conflict, which in many cases takes on a global character.
Keywords: political terrorism, religious-ethnic extremism, Tajikistan, independence, political forms of struggle, radicalism, nationalism, xenophobia, political extremism, threats, Hizbut-Tahrir, Tablighi Jamaat, Islamic Movement of Turkestan, Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, Free Tajikistan, Salafiya, Jamaat Ansarullah, Al-Qaeda, Taliban, Muslim Brotherhood, Lashkar-i-Taiba.
Work bibliographic list
1. Evgen'eva T.V., Selezneva A.V. Psihologija massovoj politicheskoj kommunikacii. - M.: Izdatel'stvo MGU, 2013.
2. Kulagin V.M. Mezhdunarodnaja bezopasnost': Uchebnoe posobie dlja studentov vuzov. - M.: Aspekt Process, 2006.
3. Mazurov V.A. Kiberterrorizm: ponjatie, problemy protivodejstvija // Doklady Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta sistem upravlenija i radiojelektroniki. - 2010. - # 1 (21).
4. Mahmadov A.N., Hopjorskaja L.L. Nacional'noe primirenie: perspektivy razvitija suverennogo tadzhikskogo gosudarstva. - Dushanbe: «imperial –Grupp», 2017.
5. Mahmadov A.N., Ibodov A.H. Mesto i rol' interneta v politike // Vestnik Tadzhikskogo nacional'nogo universiteta. - 2014. - T. 1. - # 3-8 (150).
6. Muhammad A.N. Kiberpristuplenie kak javlenie kiberterrorizma: sushhnost' i ego sovremennye osobennosti // Izvestija Instituta filosofii, politologii i prava im. A. Bahovaddinova AN RT. -2017.- # 3-1.
7. Politicheskaja konfliktologija / Pod red. S. Lancova. - SPb.: Piter, 2008.
8. Skryl' S.V., Zarubin S.V. Kiberterrorizm kak forma projavlenija informacionnogo jekstremizma// Informacija i bezopasnost'. - 2009. - T. 12. - # 1.
9. Hajdarov R. D. Vzaimodejstvie religii i gosudarstva v Tadzhikistane: problemy i perspektivy. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://islamnews.tj/analitic/371-vzaimodeystvie-religii-igosudarstva-v-tadzhikistane-problemy-i-perspektivy.html.
10. Sharipov S. I. Tadzhikistanu nel'zja byt' teokraticheskim gosudarstvom // Tradicii i processy demokratizacii v Tadzhikistane. - T. 2. - Dushanbe, 2011.
11. Jusupov R.M. Nauka i nacional'naja bezopasnost'.-2-e izdanie, pererabotannoe i dopolnennoe. - SPb.:Nauka, 2011.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Mashekuasheva M. K., Mazdogova Z. Z.
On the issue of age as a factor of vulnerability in the framework of involvement in the activities of extremist and terrorist organizations
The problems of countering the spread of extremism and terrorism among young people are often studied in legal science due to the relevance of the stated problem. Many legal scholars emphasize the need to seriously improve the existing mechanisms to combat the spread of the above criminal ideas due to their inconsistency with existing realities. In the presented study, the authors made an attempt to consider the features of criminal law countering the manifestations of extremism and terrorism in the youth environment, and they note a special danger of the above criminal acts in cases when representatives of such a segment of the population are involved in
their commission, are always able to comprehensively and fully assess the volume of negative consequences of their own actions. An essential feature of modern youth is their early growing up and the desire to develop independently and reach certain heights, including by illegal methods.
Keywords: terrorism, extremism, ideology of violence, intimidation, youth, subculture, law enforcement system, counteraction, employees of internal affairs bodies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aripshev A. M. Vlijanie pandemii na jekstremizm:pravovoj obzor i vozniknovenie novoj determinanty. // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021.- # 2 (153). - S. 399–400.
2. Mashekuasheva M. H. Ob jekstremizme kak javlenii politicheskom i social'nom. // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2020. - T. 13. - # 4. - S. 74-76.
3. Mashekuasheva M. H. Organizacija dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del po profilaktike jekstremizma. // Social'no-politicheskie nauki. - 2018. - # 3.- S. 40-41.
4. Shhagapsoev Z. L. Radikalizm i jekstremizm kak real'naja ugroza bezopasnosti gosudarstva // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2020. - # 4. - S. 23-26
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Misrokov T. Z.
The role of the Russian Federation in the activities of the international community in the fight against terrorism
The article analyzes the place of Russia in global efforts to counter terrorist threats, its contribution to the formation of an anti-terrorist legal base, military-technical, information cooperation with other states and the conduct of joint counter-terrorism operations aimed at neutralizing terrorist activity in various parts of our planet.
Keywords: terrorism, international cooperation, coordination of efforts, peacekeeping, combating terrorism, countering terrorist threats.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konvencija Shanhajskoj organizacii sotrudnichestva protiv terrorizma // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - # 11. - 12.03.2012.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 20 aprelja 2006 g. # 56-FZ «O ratifikacii Konvencii Soveta Evropy o preduprezhdenii terrorizma» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 24 aprelja 2006 g. - # 17(chast' I). - St. 1785.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 12 nojabrja 2019 g. # 363-FZ «O ratifikacii Dopolnitel'nogo protokola k Konvencii Soveta Evropy o preduprezhdenii terrorizma»// Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18 nojabrja 2019 g. - # 46. - St. 6409.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Nikolaev N. Yu., Davletov V. I., Kuznetsova E. V.
Actual problems of the circulation of civilian weapons in modern society
In the article, the authors consider the problems of civilian arms trafficking against the background of the tragic events in Russia over the past 3 years, and also propose a set of measures for mandatory control of citizens who have received a permit to own weapons.
Keywords: civilian weapons, turnover, survey, society.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_
LAW_12679/bf02c10cdff4f0e8585bde194e0f1e786b56f897/ (data obrashhenija: 15.05.2021)
2. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob oruzhii» ot 13.12.1996 # 150-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/e8d3411eef83427471ae3409d62570cd0ae3b62a/ (data obrashhenija: 08.05.2021).
3. O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon «Ob oruzhii» i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 28.06.2021 # 231- FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/.
4. Kolosova V. I., Podnebesnyj A. N. Problema ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti lic s psihicheskim rasstrojstvom, ne iskljuchajushhim vmenjaemosti, v sovremennom ugolovnom prave Rossii // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta imeni N. I. Lobachevskogo. Serija (Pravo). - 2001. - # 2. - 246 s.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Fedosov A. V., Idrisova K. R.,
Nasibullina V. A., Konstantinova O. V.
Overview of changes in legislation, which establishes requirements for organizations using overpressure equipment
In course of this work, a comparative analysis was made of the content of old and new «Federal Norms and Rules in the field of industrial safety when using overpressure equipment». The purpose of the article is to consider requirements that have emerged in the process of implementing the regulatory guillotine.
Keywords: industrial safety, pressure equipment, regulatory guillotine, Federal Norms and Rules.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abdrahmanova K. N., Shabanova V. V., Fedosov A.V. i dr. Primenenie modelirovanija processa razvitija avarii i ocenki riska v celjah obespechenija bezopasnoj jekspluatacii ob"ektov neftegazovogo kompleksa // Bezopasnost' tehnogennyh i prirodnyh sistem. – 2020. - # 2. – S. 2-13.
2. Fedosov A. V., Churkina A. V., Valekzhanin D. Ju. i dr. Analiz jetapov razvitija tehnicheskogo regulirovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Neftegazovoe delo. – 2019. - # 2. – S. 65–80.
3. Fedosov A. V., Abdrahmanov N. H., Rasulov S. R. Osnovy tehnicheskogo regulirovanija. – Ufa: Izd-vo UGNTU, 2019. – 128 s.
4. Fedosov A. V., Shabanova V. V. Osobennosti riskorientirovannogo podhoda v oblasti promyshlennoj bezopasnosti // Gornyj informacionno-analiticheskij bjulleten'. – 2019. – # S7. – S.206-215.
5. Fedosov A. V., Guseva A. S., Judin A. P. Primenenie instrumentov tehnicheskogo regulirovanija v oblasti promyshlennoj bezopasnosti // Problemy sbora, podgotovki i transporta nefti i nefteproduktov. – 2019. – # 3 (119). – S. 139–149.
6. Fedosov A. V., Idrisova K. R., Abdrahmanov N. H. i dr. Special'nye voprosy promyshlennoj bezopasnosti. – Ufa: Izd-vo UGNTU, 2019. – 175 s.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Tlupova A. V., Gelyakhova L. A., Mashekuasheva M. K.
Features of criminal legal countering to financing of extremist activities In Russia
Extremist crimes pose a great threat to society and the state, the scale of which tends to increase every year. Countering extremism should be carried out in various directions, suppression and preventive activities, which in turn include a wide sector of methods, methods and means.
Counteraction to the financing of extremist activities and criminal prosecution of persons involved in the financing of extremism are of great importance in the fight against extremist crimes.
Keywords: extremism, crime, financing of extremist activities, combating crime, extremist communities and organizations, corpus delicti.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks RF ot 13.06.1996 g. # 63-FZ (red.05.04.2021 # 59-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 17 ijunja 1996 g. - # 25. - St. 2954.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 29.09.2020 # 344 «Ob utverzhdenii Strategii protivodejstvija jekstremizmu v Rossijskoj Federacii do 2025 goda» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 1 ijunja 2020g. - # 22. - St. 3475.
3. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 28.06.2011 # 11 (red. ot 20.09.2018) «O sudebnoj praktike po ugolovnym delam o prestuplenijah jekstremistskoj napravlennosti» // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. - 2011. - # 8.
4. Shhebljakov E. S. Finansirovanie jekstremistskoj dejatel'nosti v kontekste norm ugolovnogo prava Rossijskoj Federacii // Juridicheskaja nauka. - 2019. - # 9- S. 62-66.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Shogenov Z. A.
Counteraction measures and methods of combating economic crimes in Russia
The modern economic growth and the development of financial institutions have contributed to the rapid growth of economic crimes in Russia, including in other countries. The issues of countering economic crimes, the effectiveness of criminal law legislation and methods of combating such crimes attract the attention of scientists and law enforcement officials.
Countering crimes in this area is a solution to the tasks of state policy aimed at achieving a stable economy, ensuring the security of citizens and legal entities for the implementation of the principles of freedom of capital and entrepreneurial activity.
The scientific article deals with the problems of combating economic crimes. The purpose of writing a research paper is to analyze the reasons for the growth of the above crimes. The author comes to the conclusion that there are a number of qualifying features, focuses on the inefficiency.
Keywords: economic crime, economic security, counteraction, corruption, criminal prosecution, cybercrime, penalties, currency control.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii legalizacii (otmyvaniju) dohodov, poluchennyh prestupnym putem, i finansirovaniju terrorizma» v celjah sovershenstvovanija objazatel'nogo kontrolja» ot 13.07.2020 # 208-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_357070/
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 30.03.2016 # 78-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i stat'ju 151 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2016. - # 14.
3. Gerashhenko I. G., Gerashhenko A. I. Aktual'nye problemy jekonomicheskoj jeffektivnosti ugolovno-pravovyh norm // Jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal «Nauka. Obshhestvo. Gosudarstvo». - 2020. - T. 8. - #4 (32). - S. 61-63. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://esj.pnzgu.ru.
4. Evstifeeva E. V. Jekonomicheskaja prestupnost': sovremennye problemy, voprosy protivodejstvija//Vestnik Saratovskoj juridicheskoj akademii. -2013. - # 5 (94). - S. 217.
5. Postanovlenija Plenuma Verhovnogo suda RF ot 15.11.2016 za # 48. - S. 1. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_207109/
6. Rjabko N. V. K voprosu o preduprezhdenii prestuplenij v sfere jekonomiki // Jurist"-Prapoved'.- 2018. - # 3. - S. 79-80.
7. Truncevskij Ju. V., Ishhuk Ja. G. Profilaktika prestuplenij organami vnutrennih del v sfere obespechenija jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii // Bezopasnost' biznesa. - 2019. - # 1. - S.19-23.
8. Shapiro L. G. Jekonomicheskaja prestupnost' kak transnacional'noe javlenie: problemy protivodejstvija // Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj akademii. - 2020. - # 16. - S. 186-187.
 
HUMAN RIGHTS
Yusupova S. I.
Is euthanasia a good or a crime?
The article examines some views on the normative and ethical aspects of euthanasia on the basis of the general provisions of Russian legislation and individual normative acts in foreign countries research and analysis. As a result of the study, the author comes to the conclusion that there are different approaches to determining the need to legalize euthanasia, which is reflected in the relevant regulations of foreign countries. We can also talk about similar views on this institution in the CIS countries. A similar point of view, different from the CIS countries, is shared by the countries of the European Union. In conclusion, the author comes to the conclusion that, despite the discussions about euthanasia and different points of view, the rights of a terminally ill person who is suffering should be taken into account, first of all.
Keywords: euthanasia; human life, incurable diseases, suffering, ethical problems, murder.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vydrina A. V. Suicidal'nyj turizm: miloserdie ili biznes? // Vestnik nauchnyh konferencij. - 2020.- # 3–2 (55). - S. 57-58.
2. Kipervasser R. Talmudicheskie traktaty: Pirkej Avot, Avot de-rabbi Natan. - M.: Litres, 2021. - 306 s.
3. Kurochkina P. S. Jevtanazija: prestupnoe dejanie ili zakonnaja realizacija prava na smert'? // Ustojchivoe razvitie nauki i obrazovanija. - 2018. - # 12. - S. 80-93.
4. Stefanchuk R. A. Vozvrashhajas' k voprosu o legalizacii jevtanazii v stranah SNG: pro et contra // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 2008. - # 5. - S. 73-81.
 
STATE AND LAW
Sagidov G. M., Gabieva S. M.
The problem of participation of the Subjects of the Russian Federation in the preparation and adoption of federal laws
The article examines the main problem areas that have developed in the field of interaction between regional and federal authorities in the preparation and adoption of federal laws. The relevance of the topic raised is due to the need to fully comply with the principles of federalism in the field of legislation to ensure the stability of society and take into account the views of all subjects of the Federation. The main conclusions of the article concern the identification of the most acute problems of the participation of the subjects of the Russian Federation in the preparation and adoption of federal laws, as well as the search for ways to solve them.
Keywords: federalism, legislative process, federal law, legislative initiative, Federal subjects of Russia.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 #7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 # 11-FKZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 04.08.2014.– # 31. – St. 4398.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 09.02.2011 # 167 «Ob obshhestvennom obsuzhdenii proektov federal'nyh konstitucionnyh zakonov i federal'nyh zakonov» //Rossijskaja gazeta. – # 29. – 11.02.2011.
3. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob obshhih principah organizacii zakonodatel'nyh (predstavitel'nyh) i ispolnitel'nyh organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 06.10.1999 #184-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija): – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_14058/.
4. Panov A. A. Uchastie sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii v prinjatii reshenij na federal'nom urovne //Lex Russica. – 2017. – # 1 (122).
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Voronchikhin D. V., Bakin A. V., Akhtamyanov R. R.
A model for the formation of a health-oriented orientation of high school students
The article discusses the aspects of pedagogical support of health-oriented orientation of high school students. The analysis of the specifics of age, social and cognitive aspects of high school age is carried out. The elements of educational activity that link the educational, social and personal tasks of basic general education are considered. The author’s model of the health-oriented orientation of the personality of high school students in the conditions of a comprehensive school is developed, which consists of a system of methodological, diagnostic, content-procedural and performance-evaluation components.
Keywords: high school students, health.
Work bibliographic list
1. Valetov M. R. Formirovanie zdorov'eorientirovannoj napravlennosti lichnosti studentov v processe fizicheskogo vospitanija. Dis. … kand. ped.nauk. - Cheljabinsk, 2006. - 169 s.
2. Donoeva Ju. V. Formirovanie zdorov'eorientirovannoj napravlennosti lichnosti podrostkov. //Sibirskij psihologicheskij zhurnal. - 2014. - # 54.- S. 72-79
3. Ovchinnikov O. M. Aktual'nye voprosy formirovanija zdorovogo obraza zhizni uchashhihsja podrostkov v obrazovatel'noj srede shkoly // Simvol nauki. Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. - 2015. - # 12. - S. 175-178.
4. Tret'jakova N. V. Obespechenie kachestva zdorov'esberegajushhej dejatel'nosti obrazovatel'nyh organizacij (organizacionno-pedagogicheskij aspekt): dis.… dokt. ped. nauk. - Ekaterinburg, 2014. - 431 s.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Tomas A. V., Medvedev I. V.
Improving the system for assessing the level of physical fitness of students of educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
The article deals with the organization of physical training in educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, historical aspects of the development of physical training in law enforcement agencies, problematic issues of assessing the level of physical fitness of police officers, the directions of their possible solutions. The paper proposes an experimental model of the organization of control, verification classes, including sparring, as the main methodological technique aimed at forming a certain level of proficiency in combat fighting techniques in the practical activities of police officers.
Keywords: professional training, professional competencies, active forms of training, physical training, fighting techniques of wrestling.
Work bibliographic list
1. Botvin I.V. Voprosy reglamentacii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za sklonenie sportsmena k ispol'zovaniju dopinga // Protivodejstvie prestupnosti v sfere professional'nogo sporta: tezisy dokladov i soobshhenij mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. (14-15 marta 2019 g.). Omsk: Omskaja akademija MVD Rossii, 2019. S. 101-104.
2. Medvedev I.V. Semenov V.V. Stanovlenie policejskogo rukopashnogo boja v Rossii // Vestnik Barnaul'skogo juridicheskogo instituta. 2016. # 1. S. 135-137.
3. Medvedev I.V. Tomas A.V. Problemy professional'noj podgotovki sotrudnikov policii // Vestnik Barnaul'skogo juridicheskogo instituta. 2020.# 1. S. 238-240.
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Khayrullina N. G., Kovrov V. F., Kinchagulova M. V.
Pandemic influence on social and political situation:rural residents assessments
The article examines various aspects of the life of the rural population in the south of the Tyumen region during the period of coronavirus infection, which has become the most acute global problem since March 2020: social well-being, protest sentiments, trust in the authorities, etc. The article is based on the data of a questionnaire survey conducted in 2021 through the online service “Google Forms” among residents of rural settlements in the south of the Tyumen region. According to the author, COVID-19 has transformed the way of life, first of all, for residents of large cities through the introduction of distance work and distance learning, a self-isolation regime, which have changed the living space, habits and lifestyle of citizens. Residents of rural settlements felt these changes to a lesser extent, especially in settlements remote from the regional center and provincial cities.
Keywords: pandemic, coronavirus, villagers, public consciousness, protest sentiments, trust in government, social well-being.
Work bibliographic list
1. Hajrullina N.G. Cocial'noe samochuvstvie tjumencev v uslovijah rasprostranenija koronavirusnoj infekcii / V sbornike: Neft' i gaz: tehnologii i innovacii. Materialy Nacional'noj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. V 3-h tomah. Otv. redaktor N.V. Gumerova. 2020. S. 221-224.
2. Hajrullina N.G., Egorov A.L., Kovrov V.F. Vlijanie pandemii koronavirusa na social'noe prostranstvo studentov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2020. # 8 (147). S. 382-383.
3. Cvetkova G.A. Pandemija i povedenie rossijan: sociologicheskij srez // Vestnik RGGU. Serija «Filosofija. Sociologija. Iskusstvovedenie». 2020. # 4. S.72-81. DOI: 10.28995/2073-6401-2020-4-72-81.
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Grigoryan V. S., Davydova G. V.
Key factors affecting the economic security of the oil industry: analysis, assessment methodology
This article proposes a model of the vulnerability of the oil industry, consisting of five key factors (according to the authors), taking into account the correcting coefficient of significance. General information about the system of information protection in the industry against various threats. The analysis identifies individual weaknesses that have the greatest impact on safety. Also, the table is proposed with a brief description of the result obtained on the state of the economic security of the industry.
Keywords: economic security, factor, coefficient, risk, oil industry, model.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Mirsaidov A. B.
Features of development of basic institutions of the market economy in Tajikistan
The article examines the socio-economic and basic institutions for the development of market relations, which are the foundation of the functioning of the economic system and an element of the environment for the functioning of economic agents, activating the structuring of relations between economic entities. This structuring does not occur spontaneously, but through the formation and development of the institutional matrix of society, which establishes the vector of development of the socio-economic system of society. The article highlights and analyzes two types of institutional matrices - the X-matrix, which is typical for most of the Asian and Eastern countries of the world, and the Y-matrix, or Western, typical for the Western countries of the world. It is substantiated that in the Republic of Tajikistan in the sphere of economics, redistributive and institutions are basic, and the institutions of a market economy are complementary. In this regard, the process of formation and development of five basic institutions of market relations (private property, hired labor, competition, exchange and profit), which, as an institutional complex, contributed to the development of market relations in the republic, is analyzed in more detail.
Keywords: socio-economic system, institutional matrix, redistributive institutions, the ratio of the resource-technological and institutional aspects of reproduction, institutions of a market economy, institutions of private property, wage labor, competition, exchange, and profit, etc.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bessonova O.Je., Kirdina S. G., O Sallivan R. Rynochnyj jeksperiment v razdatochnoj jekonomike Rossii. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo Novosib. un-ta, 1996. S. 22-24.
2. De Soto Je. Inoj put'. Nevidimaja revoljucija v tret'em mire. M.: Catallaxy, 1995 (1989). S. 15.
3. Zakona Respubliki Tadzhikistan «O privatizacii gosudarstvennoj sobstvennosti v Tadzhikistane» //Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan 1997 god, # 10, st. 160; 2002 god, # 4, ch-1, st. 167; 2003 god, # 12, st. 699; 2009 god, # 3, st. 90).
4. Kajumov N.K. Perehodnaja jekonomika Tadzhikistana: koncepcii, celi i mehanizmy razvitija. Dushanbe, 2013. S. 319.
5. Konstitucija Respubliki Tadzhikistan.
6. Maevskij V.I. Jevoljucionnaja teorija i makrojekonomika // Voprosy jekonomiki. 1997. # 3. S. 27-41
7. Mirsaidov A.B Razvitie institucional'noj struktury jekonomiki Respubliki Tadzhikistan // Jekonomika Tadzhikistana. 2016. # 2-3. S. 46-59.
8. Mirsaidov A.B. Stanovlenie gosudarstvennogo sektora jekonomiki Respubliki Tadzhikistan // Materialy respublikanskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii na temu: jekonomicheskij rost v Tadzhikistane: dostizhenija, problemy i perspektivy». Dushanbe, IJeD, 10 oktjabrja soli 2014. S. 129-138.
9. Nort D. Instituty, institucional'nye izmenenija i funkcionirovanie jekonomiki. M.: Fond jekonomicheskoj knigi «Nachala», 1997.
10. Ojken V. Osnovy nacional'noj jekonomii. M.: Jekonomika, 1996.
11. Polan'i K. Velikaja transformacija. Politicheskie i jekonomicheskie istoki nashego vremeni: per. s angl. SPb., 2002.
12. Polani K. Dva znachenija termina «jekonomicheskij»// Neformal'naja jekonomika. Rossija i mir. M.: Logos, 1999.
13. Polan'i K. Samoregulirujushhijsja rynok i fiktivnye tovary: trud, zemlja i den'gi (Glava iz knigi «The Great Transformation». N.Y.: Farrar & Pinehart, Inc. 1944. P. 68-76) // THESIS. Vesna ‘93. T. 1. Vyp. 2. S. 40-41.
14. Poslanie Prezidenta Respubliki Tadzhikistan Jemomali Rahmona Madzhlisi Oli respubliki Tadzhikistan, g. Dushanbe, 20 apreli 2006 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.president.tj/ru/node/874.
15. Statisticheskij ezhegodnik Respubliki Tadzhikistan, 2011. S. 376.
16. Stiglic Dzh Cena neravenstva». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.webeconomy.ru/index.php?page=cat&cat=mcat&mcat=147&type=news&newsid=213
17. Uil'jamson O. Chastnaja sobstvennost' i rynok kapitala // JeKO. 1993. # 5.
18. Polanyi K. Economic Sociology in the United States: Lecture given at the Institute for Cultural Relations, Budapest, Oct 9, 1963. Cit. by: Polanyi, Karl. The Livelihood of Man. N.-Y. Academic Press, Inc., 1977.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Mukhtarov D. J.
Corruption and the shadow economy, the main threat to the economic security of the state
Ensuring the economic security of the country is a priority task of the state, the solution of which lies in the plane of the recognition of the rule of law. It is at the legislative level that the organization and functioning of all state institutions in the context of developing measures to ensure economic security should be strictly regulated. The main thrust of countering the threat to economic security is to combat two dominant criminal factors: a high level of corruption and a significant share of the shadow economy.
Keywords: corruption, shadow economy, counteraction, economic security, state policy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii korrupcii» ot 25.12.2008 g. # 273-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_82959/ (data obrashhenija: 30.04.21).
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996g. # 63-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_10699/ (data obrashhenija: 28.04.21).
3. Brusenceva V. A. Korrupcija i tenevaja jekonomika kak faktory, podryvajushhie bezopasnost' gosudarstva // Upravlenie jekonomicheskimi sistemami. -2019. - # 1 (25). - S. 8-10.
4. Vasil'ev V. Je., Prokof'eva T. V. Ugolovnaja politika v sfere obespechenija jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti //Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo lingvisticheskogo universiteta. Obrazovanie i pedagogicheskie nauki. - 2017. - # 5 (782). - S. 201-212.
5. Kulik Ju. P. Tenevaja jekonomika i korrupcija kak ugrozy jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti gosudarstva// V sbornike: Rossijskaja jekonomika: vzgljad v budushhee. Sbornik materialov II Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj (zaochnoj) konferencii. Otvetstvennyj redaktor: Ja. Ju. Radjukova. - 2016. - S.699-708.
6. Mizaev M. M., Il'jasova K. H., Sulejmanova M. A. Tenevaja jekonomika i korrupcija vo vsem mire // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. - 2020. - # 4 (117).- S. 207-210.
7. Sidorin A. S., Vorob'ev K. P., Antipova N. S. Korrupcija i tenevaja jekonomika // Sinergija Nauk. -2019. - # 33. - S. 266-270.
8. Soltanbekova D. K. Tenevaja jekonomika i korrupcija kak ugrozy jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti gosudarstva // V sbornike: Innovacionnye klastery v global'noj jekonomike: teorija i praktika. Sbornik statej po itogam Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakti-
cheskoj konferencii. - 2018. - S. 81-83.
9. Suharenko A. N. Sovremennye kriminal'nye ugrozy jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti Rossii: masshtaby i mery nejtralizacii // Dialog: politika, pravo, jekonomika. - 2019. - # 2 (13). - S. 63-80.
10. Fedotov A. V. Tenevaja jekonomika Rossii: sushhnost', prichiny, sposoby bor'by // V sbornike: Vestnik kaluzhskogo filiala RANHiGS. – Kaluga, 2017. - S. 297-302.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Nguyen Quoc Hung
Economic relations between Russia and Vietnam. Successes and problems
Russia is developing economic cooperation with Vietnam in the format of maintaining a comprehensive strategic partnership, in conditions of complete mutual understanding and trust of the heads of state. Vietnam received tremendous assistance from the USSR in the restoration of the national economy and the transition to industrialization. In post-Soviet Russia, a sharp decline in economic relations with Vietnam began, but then resumed and expanded as part of the Russian Federation’s “Return to Asia” strategy. Since the entry into force of the Free Trade Agreement between Vietnam and the EAEU at the end of 2016, trade between the two parties has increased by an average of 30 % per year.
Tasks. Investigate the current trends in relations between Russia and Vietnam in the face of global instability, new internal and external threats.
Methodology. The use of scientific methods of cognition and study of factors affecting interstate relations.
Results. Analyzed the results of economic cooperation, Impact of the Vietnam-EAEU Free Trade Agreement on the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership and Economic Relations between Vietnam and Russia.
Findings. Vietnam, maintaining a comprehensive strategic partnership with Russia, is successfully solving economic problems. The consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic may affect the relations between Russia and Vietnam, as it will require updating, and perhaps the elimination of previously agreed projects of economic cooperation.
Keywords: Vietnam, Russia, EAEU, trade, investment, threats, COVID-19 pandemic.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gazeta RBK. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.rbc.ru/economics/12/04/2020/5e919e0a9a7947391241d05b.
2. Gazeta «Thoi bao tai chinh». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://thoibaotaichinhvietnam.vn/pages/kinh-doanh/2020-10-15/day-manh-giao-thuong-vietnga-
93534.aspx.
3. Gazeta «Cong thuong» ministerstva promyshlennosti i torgovli V'etnama. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://congthuong.vn/nang-cao-hop-tac-thuongmai-
viet-nam-lien-bang-nga-145629.html.
4. Glavnoe upravlenie statistiki V'etnama. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gso.gov.vn/default.aspx?tabid=621&ItemID=19599.
5. Informacionnyj sajt po vneshnim svjazjam. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ttdn.vn/hoinhap-quoc-te/thuc-day-giao-thuong-giua-viet-nam-lbnga-42408.
6. Ksenija Chemodanova. Vostochnyj shtorm: jekonomika stran Azii mozhet stolknut'sja s krupnejshim za 60 let padeniem. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://russian.rt.com/business/article/735831-aziyaekonomika/recessiya.
7. Mezhdunarodnaja Gazeta MID V'etnama. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://baoquocte.vn/hai-kichban-tang-truong-kinh-te-viet-nam-hau-covid-19-115684.html.
8. Razvitie Internet-torgovli vo V'etname. // TASS. Russian News Agency. 22. May 2019.
9. Sajt Vneshnjaja torgovlja Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://russian-trade.com/reports-and-reviews/2020-02/torgovlya-mezhdu-rossieyi-vetnamom-v-2019-g/#:~:text=%D0%92%202019%20%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4%D1%83%20%D1%82%D0
%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%82%20%D0%A0%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%B8,%D0%BF%
D0%BE%20%D1%81%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%8E%20%D1%81%202018%20%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%BC.
10. Sajt «Golos V'etnama». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://vov.vn/kinh-te/hop-tac-thuong-maiviet-nam-lb-nga-trong-boi-canh-dich-covid-19-786472.vov.
11. Centr razvitija jelektronnoj kommercii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://vietnamexport.com/thuong-mai-song-phuong-viet-nam-lb-nga-nam-2020/vn2532817.html.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Prytkova E. A.
Modern trends in quality management in the activities of construction enterprises
Today, improving the quality is one of the conditions for the competitiveness of construction services and products. This reason determines the relevance of the study of this topic. Of particular importance in this case is the study of quality management methods, which are analyzed by the author of this article. The paper focuses on IT technologies that can influence the improvement of the quality of construction products and services.
Keywords: quality, quality management, quality of construction industry products, quality management methods, modern trends.
Work bibliographic list
1. Volovnik N.S. K voprosu upravlenija kachestvom rabot stroitel'nogo predprijatija // Sbornik nauchnyh trudov 4-oj Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii: v 3-h tomah. Otvetstvennyj redaktor Gorohov A.A., 2014. – S. 119-124.
2. Davletshin A.R. Upravlenie kachestvom na stroitel'nom predprijatii // E-Scio. – 2019. - # 3 (30). – S.168-173.
3. Emel'janovich A.A. Prakticheskie aspekty upravlenija kachestvom na predprijatijah stroitel'noj industrii // Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Politicheskie, sociologicheskie i jekonomicheskie nauki. – 2019. – T. 4. # 3. – S.310-317.
4. Klunduk M.A. Analiz upravlenija kachestvom na stroitel'nom predprijatii // V sbornike: Fundamental'nye i prikladnye nauchnye issledovanija:aktual'nye voprosy, dostizhenija i innovacii. –2019. – S. 90-92.
5. Maksudov Sh.H. Sovremennye metody upravlenija kachestvom stroitel'stva // V sbornike: Social'no-jekonomicheskoe razvitie gorodov i regionov: gradostroitel'stvo, razvitie biznesa, zhizneobespeche-nie goroda. – 2018. –S. 688-692.
6. Suchkov A.A. Sovremennye metody upravlenija kachestvom v stroitel'stve // Alleja nauki. – 2018. – T. 7.# 5 (21). – S. 361-365.
7. Hairova S.M. Vnedrenie innovacionnyh podhodov v upravlenie kachestvom na predprijatijah stroitel'nogo kompleksa // Sbornik materialov IV Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2019.– S. 629-634.
8. Weckenmann, A., Akkasoglu, G. and Werner, T. (2015), «Quality management – history and trends», The TQM Journal, Vol. 27 No. 3, pp. 281-293. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://doi.org/10.1108/TQM-11-2013-0125.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Podlesniy I.
About scientific approach to modern threats of economic security
The article focuses on the need to conduct a detailed scientific analysis of the current state of affairs in matters of ensuring national economic security. In order to illustrate the main problem theoretical clusters, the article presents the dynamics of the development of approaches to determining and identifying threats to national economic security in modern conditions. In accordance with the author’s hypothesis, economic security is considered as a whole political and economic model of state activity. The final part of the article, along with the main conclusions, shows a change in guidelines for highlighting security threats, and provides an overview of the conditions for the formation of new threats.
Keywords: economic security, international cooperation, USA, China, EU, EEU, Japan, cold war, trade war.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sorensen T. Rethinking national security // Foreign Affairs. – 1990. – # 69.
2. Dejvis G. Pravo vnutrennego rynka Evropejskogo Sojuza: uchebnoe posobie / Garet Dejvis; per. s angl. M.Ju. Zarickoj. – Kiev: Znannja-Pres, 2004.
3. Evseev V.M. Komandovanie morskih perevozok VMS SShA v lokal'nyh vojnah i vooruzhennyh konfliktah vtoroj poloviny XX — nachala XXI veka. Avto-ref. dis. … na soisk. uch. step. k.i.n. – M., 2009.
4. Zaharova M.V. Gosudarstvennaja politika Francii kak instrument sohranenija nacional'nogo media-produkta v jepohu globalizacii i cifrovoj revoljucii // Mediaskop. — 2018. — # 1.
5. Roskoshnaja M.S. Problemy vedenija vneshnejekono-micheskih sdelok s tovarami i tehnologijami jadernogo profilja: faktor Irana // V sb.: Voenno-jekonomicheskie i voenno-politicheskie issledovanija bezopasnosti / Otv. red. L.V. Pankova, A.G. Savel'ev, O.V. Gusarova. — M., IMJeMO RAN, 2018.
6. Tihonova A.V. Nalog na Google: kak ne sdelat' shag nazad v blizhajshem budushhem // Mezhdunarodnyj buhgalterskij uchet. — 2018. — T. 21. — # 10.
7. Frolova E.K. Mehanizm netarifnogo regulirovanija i jeksportnyj kontrol' v zakonodatel'stve RF i SShA // Biznes v zakone. Jekonomiko-juridicheskij zhurnal. — 2016. — # 6.
8. Hartli T.K. Osnovy prava Evropejskogo soobshhe- stva. – M.: Budapesht: JuNITI, Zakon i pravo. –COLPI, 1998.
9. Jentin M., Jentina E. Muchitel'noe izbavlenie ot illjuzij: dvusmyslennaja politika ES na kitajskom napravlenii // Internet-zhurnal «Vsja Evropa.ru».– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://alleuropa.ru/?p=16908 (data obrashhenija: 10.06.2021).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Popova T. V.
Improving the social security system for employees of the penal system of the Russian Federation in terms of providing living quarters
The article discusses problematic issues related to housing provision for employees of the penal system of the Russian Federation.
The social guarantee in the form of a one-time social payment for the purchase or construction of residential premises due to insufficient budgetary funding becomes declarative, the state’s debt is growing. In order to improve the social status of employees of the penal system, it is proposed to improve the housing system for employees through the use of bank mortgage lending instruments with state subsidies of the interest rate on loans issued by Russian credit institutions to employees of the penal system in need of housing or improvement of housing conditions, in the period of their service.
Keywords: social guarantees, housing, employees of the penal system, one-time social payment, mortgage loan with state support.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grigor'eva O.O. Sovershenstvovanie pravovyh i organizacionnyh osnov reshenija zhilishhnyh voprosov sotrudnikov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2019. – # 7. – S. 75-88.
2. Dazmarova T.N. Problemy administrativno-pravovogo regulirovanija predostavlenija social'nyh garantij sotrudnikam ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo i administrativnoprocessual'nogo prava (Sorokinskie chtenija) [Jelektronnyj resurs]: sbornik statej po materialam mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, 26 marta 2021 goda / pod obshh. red. d-ra jurid. nauk, prof. A. I. Kaplunova; sost.: A. I. Kaplunov, N. M. Kramarenko. — Jelektron. dan. (4,15 Mb). —
Sankt-Peterburg: Sankt-Peterburgskij universitet MVD Rossii, 2021. – S. 678-683.
3. Karpov Je.S. Problemy pravoprimenitel'noj praktiki po predostavleniju edinovremennoj social'noj vyplaty dlja priobretenija ili stroitel'stva zhilogo pomeshhenija sotrudnikam uchrezhdenij i organov FSIN Rossii // Vestnik Vladimirskogo juridicheskogo instituta. – 2019. – # 3 (52). – S. 18-22.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Tatenko G. I., Samokhina A. D.
Formation and development of startup communications in the digital environment
The article examines the features of the formation and development of business external and internal communications of a startup in the digital environment. The authors of the article considered the main tools of the communication process that are used by innovative organizations. It should be noted that common problems of the formation and development of communications in a startup were proposed, as well as options for their solutions.
Keywords: start-up, communications, formation of communications, communications in a startup, digital environment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aponchenko T. V. Kommunikacionnyj menedzhment. Jetika i kul'tura upravlenija. – Rostov-na-Donu: Feniks, 2020.
2. Inshakov M. O. Razvitie innovacionnyh startapov v sovremennyh rossijskih uslovijah // Jekonomika, sociologija i pravo. — 2017. — # 1. — S. 50.
3. Tverdohlebova M. D. Marketing oflajnovogo proekta v onlajn srede // Internet-marketing. – 2021. – #4. – S. 87.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Cheremisina N. V.
Monetary income of the population as a factor of economic well-being of the region
Based on the data of state statistics, an analysis of the economic well-being of the population of the region is carried out on the example of the Tambov region. The dynamics of the monetary income of the population, the average monthly salary of employees and the amount of accrued pensions are analyzed, both in nominal and real terms. The analysis of the purchasing power of the monetary income of the population of the region is carried out, the indicators of inequality of Tambov residents, expressed in the differentiation of income of the population, are given. The monitoring showed that the Tambov region is an economically unattractive region - the level of income of the population is low, the purchasing power of monetary income is decreasing.
Keywords: monetary income of the population, the subsistence minimum, purchasing power, average monthly salary, accrued pensions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Statisticheskij ezhegodnik. Statisticheskij sbornik. 2019. – Tambov: Tambovstat, 2020. – S.1 02-103.
2. Cheremisina N. V., Cheremisina T. N. Statisticheskaja ocenka blagosostojanija naselenija regiona // V sb.:Aktual'nye problemy i perspektivy razvitija gosudarstvennoj statistiki v sovremennyh uslovijah. Materialy IV Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, 2018. – S. 108.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Khodkovskaya Yu. V., Fomina E. A.,
Tolstova S. F., Kovaleva V. A.
Criteria for the sustainable development of the subjects of The Russian Federation
The consequences of the pandemic have changed the economic conditions of economic entities at the micro and macro levels.
In setting strategic goals for the development of national economies, national governments have increasingly focused on achieving both economic and social indicators that characterize sustainable development. Therefore, the problem of identifying criteria for sustainable development has become urgent. This article attempts to form a model of grouping the subjects of the Russian Federation according to the criteria of sustainable development.
Keywords: economy, sustainability, development, criteria, strategy, economic growth, resources, social policy.
Work bibliographic list
1. A sustainable Europe by 2030. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ec.europa.eu/info/publications/ (data obrashhenija: 15.05.2021).
2. Gulam Mahiuddin, A. Environmental security and national security of bangladesh. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.researchgate.net/ publication/338856224 (data obrashhenija:11.02.2021).
3. Linnér B., Wibeck V. (2019). Contents. In Sustainability Transformations: Agents and Drivers
across Societies. - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.cambridge.org/ (data obrashhenija:11.03.2021).
4. Manolov G., Orlova D. R., Khodkovskaya J. V. et al. A Smart specialization strategy for sustainable development of regions // V sbornike: E3S WEB of conferences. First conference on sustainable development: industrial future of territories (IFT2020). - 2020. - S. 08009.
5. Peskova D. R., Khodkovskaya Yu. V., Charikov V.S., Sharafutdinov R. B. Development of business environment of oil and gas companies in digital economy // V knige: GCPMED 2018 – International Scientific Conference “Global Challenges and Prospects of the Modern Economic Development”.- 2019. - S. 1205-1212.
6. Sekiyama, T. Environmental Security and Japan.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:
https://www.researchgate.net/ (data obrashhenija:05.12.2020).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Khalikova E. A., Yakubov R. N., Timirov R. M.
Comparative assessment of the economic efficiency of using various drilling technologies in the development of oil field sites
The article presents the results of assessing the economic efficiency of the development of oil fields, based on a comparative analysis of the investment cost of oil wells and dynamic performance indicators of the project using various drilling technologies – singlehole and multilateral wells. The results were tested on the example of an oil field located in the Turukhansk District of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The results obtained indicate that the investment cost of the well, the construction time and the payback period of the field development project using multilateral well drilling technology are more efficient than with classical horizontal drilling.
Keywords: economic efficiency, oil drilling, well construction, well investment cost, net profit, development period, multilateral well.
Work bibliographic list
1. Al'teev A. V., Lejbert T. B. Organizacionnye aspekty upravlenija innovacijami // Problemy i tendencii razvitija innovacionnoj jekonomiki: mezhdunarodnyj opyt i rossijskaja praktika: materialy VII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2018. – S.29-32.
2. Ismakov R. A. Nekotorye voprosy stroitel'stva mnogostvol'nyh skvazhin s gorizontal'nym okonchaniem //Burenie i neft'. – 2013. – # 10.
3. Kazakova N. A. Sovremennyj strategicheskij analiz:uchebnik i praktikum dlja magistratury. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2016. – 500 s.
4. Lejbert T. B., Halikova Je. A. Formirovanie finansovoj modeli biznes-proekta s ispol'zovaniem instrumentov proektnogo finansirovanija // Audit i finansovyj analiz. – 2013. – # 6. – S. 123-129.
5. Fattahov M. M., Bakirov D. L., Bondarenko L. S., Maljutin D. V., Vitjaz' A. V. Tehniko-tehnologicheskie reshenija dlja povyshenija jeffektivnosti burenija mnogozabojnyh skvazhin // Geologija, geofizika i razrabotka neftjanyh i gazovyh mestorozhdenij. – 2017. – # 9. – S.58-63.
6. Halikova Je. A., Timirov R. M., Fattahov D. I., Panteljuk R. A. Ocenka vlijanija avarijnosti pri stroitel'stve neftjanyh i gazovyh skvazhin // Sovremennye tehnologii v neftegazovom dele-2021: sb. tr. mezhdunar. nauch.-tehn. konf. / UGNTU, fil-l v g. Oktjabr'skom. – Ufa, 2021. – S. 495-499.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Bondarenko N. G.
Freedom in the context of the identity of a person and society
Relevance. The freedom of a person in the frame of a person and society is a dichotomy of the individual principle and the social principle. The actual issue is the juxtaposition of personal identity and public identity. At a certain stage of personality development, there is an inevitability of contrasting a person’s self-existence as the embodiment of personal identity and social existence, as the embodiment of an identical identity with society. It is then that civil self-consciousness arises, social norms and rules, the completeness of identity with which characterizes social, legal, political, etc. the identity of a person. These issues are relevant in any social formation and are the subject of philosophical reflection in a developed civil society.
The object of the study. The identity of a person and society as a philosophical category.
The subject of the study. Human freedom in the frame of the identity of a person and society.
The purpose of the study. It consists in detecting the phenomenon of human freedom within the framework of a philosophical understanding of the identity of a person and society as identical and at the same time contradictory principles.
Research objectives. They consist in revealing the views of various thinkers on the subject of research and their own heuristic interpretation of the subject of research.
Research methodology. The author uses a philosophical-epistemological approach based on generally recognized methods of scientific cognition: analogy, abstraction, deduction, etc., due to the phenomenological principles of research.
The results of the study. They are expressed in the detection of the phenomenon of freedom in the context of the identity of a person and society.
Keywords: self-awareness, social identity, phenomenon, philosophical category, civic consciousness.
Work bibliographic list
1. Lejng R. Ja i drugie. - M.: Izd-vo JeKSMO-Press, 2002. - 304 s.
2. Jerikson Je. Identichnost': junost' i krizis. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://itexts.net/avtor-erik-erikson/149205-identichnost-yunost-ikrizis-erik-erikson.html, svobodnyj (data obrashhenija:15.07.2021).
3. Hansen M. H. (1996) The Ancient Athenian and the Modern Liberal View of Liberty as a Democratic Ideal. In J. Ober and C. Hedrick (Eds.), Demokratia: A Conversation on Democracies, Ancient and Modern. Princeton University Press, P. 91-104.
4. Marta Spranzi, Laurence Brunet (2014) Personal Identity as a Form of Freedom. // Hastings Center Report. - Volume 44. - Issue 5. - P. 3-4.
5. Nancy J. Hirschmann (2015). Freedom. The Encyclopedia of Political Thought, First Edition. Edited by Michael T. Gibbons. P. 1-14.
6. Patterson, O. (1991) Freedom in the Making of Western Culture, vol. 1 of Freedom. - New York: Basic Books.
7. Rousseau, J.-J. (1973) The Social Contract. In J.-J. Rousseau, The Social Contract and Discourses, ed. G. D. H. Cole. - London: J. M. Dent.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Gladkova I. V., Polyanok O. V., Tikhonenko V. V.
Moral choice as a way of a person’s attitude to the world
The article by the authors is an attempt to comprehend the phenomenon of moral choice as a method of attitude towards the world.
The relevance of the issue is determined by the current situation in the field of spiritual culture and moral consciousness. It is noted that the role of philosophy in human life is expressed in clarifying views on the world, in determining the relationship of a person to the world– to people, to nature, and to himself.
An attitude to the world is always a value orientation, evaluative reflection, an act of will and moral choice. The authors consider the following reasons that determine the moral choice of a modern person: the influence of a consumer society, whose task is to stimulate consumer consciousness, interests and needs of a person, to form a passive, uncritical person, amenable to manipulation;informatization of society – activates the process of influencing public and individual consciousness through the media; technocratization of the world – the processes of rationalization and technization of activities affect the spirituality of a person, his ability to build the world; the problem of identity – identity as referring oneself to a national, ethnic, cultural, confessional, gender or other cultural community does not have imperative norms, today it is an act of personal choice; alienation of morality – a state of revaluation of values in the individual
and social consciousness, which occurs during periods of radical changes, shifts in the cultural, political, economic spheres of society; moral vacuum; a low level of moral reflection – moral reflection is the turning of a person’s consciousness on himself, his world of values, ideals, motives, feelings; an increase in conformist manifestations in social practice. Making a moral choice, a person always takes on moral responsibility, it is always an act of self-determination and attitude to the world.
Keywords: moral choice, alienation of morality, cultural identity, moral vacuum, moral values, consumer society.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 # 7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 01.07.2020 #11-FKZ). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://duma.gov.ru/news/48953/(data obrashhenija:
05.07.2021).
2. Vinogradova S. M., Mel'nik G. S. Psihologicheskie posledstvija demonstracii scen nasilija na televidenii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/psihologicheskie-posledstviya-demonstratsii-stsennasiliya-
na-televidenii (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
3. Gusejnov A. A. Ponjatie morali. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://filosof.historic.ru/books/item/f00/s01/z0001049/st000.shtml (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
4. Zaladina M. V., Shetulova E. D. Projavlenija otchuzhdenija morali v sovremennom obshhestve. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/proyavleniya-otchuzhdeniyamorali-v-sovremennom-obschestve (data obrashhenija:05.07.2021).
5. Kosorukova A. A. Moral'nyj vybor kak osnova ponimanija morali (na primere idej S. K'erkegora i F. Nicshe). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=30075134(data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
6. Liotar Zh.-F. Sostojanie postmodernizma /per. s fr. N. Shmatko. – SPb.: Aletejja, 1998. – 160 s.
7. Mitroshenkov O. A. Identichnost': ot teoreticheskogo koncepta k upravlencheskim vozdejstvijam. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.isras.ru/index.php?page_id=2384&id=3718&l=&j=2&base=(data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
8. Nechaeva G. A. Tehnokratizacija i gumanizacija kak al'ternativnye principy razvitija vysshego tehnicheskogo obrazovanija // Chelovek. Kul'tura. Upravlenie: sb. nauch. rabot. – Ekaterinburg: UGGU, 2001.– S. 44-49.
9. Penionzhek E. V., Miheeva S. N., Vorotnikova M. V. Moral'nyj vybor: problemy svobody i moral'noj otvetstvennosti grazhdanina. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=30729815 (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
10. Radugin A. A. Problema preodolenija jekzistencial'nogo vakuuma v jepohu postmoderna. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problema-preodoleniya-ekzistentsialnogovakuuma-
v-epohu-postmoderna/viewer (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
11. Rassadina T. A. Konformizm kak tendencija sovremennogo obshhestvennogo soznanija i povedenija.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=30022297 (data obrashhenija:05.07.2021).
12. Ushkina I. A. K voprosu o faktorah, vozdejstvujushhih na projavlenie fenomena konformizma v sovremennom obshhestve. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=26557771(data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021)
13. Filosofija: jenciklopedicheskij slovar'. / pod red. A. A. Ivina. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://philosophy.niv.ru/doc/dictionary/encyclopedic/index.htm (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
14. Shitikov M. M. Tema kul'tury v problemnom pole filosofii tehniki // Chelovek. Kul'tura. Upravlenie: sb. nauch. rabot. – Ekaterinburg: UGGU, 2001. – S. 4-12.
15. Fromm Erich. Escape from Freedom / per. A. Laktionov. – M.: AST MOSKVA, 2009. – 284
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Gofman A. A.
Digital competencies as a condition for lifelong learning
Digital skills training is a form of social work aimed at better integration into the modern technological order. The university is responsible for the social well-being of grad-uates associated with their digital competence. The level of digital literacy should not create difficulties for social integration, but, on the contrary, contribute to the effective continuous education of students.
Keywords: digital competencies, lifelong learning, lifelong learning models, digital equality, digital learning policies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Adamov M. V., Nikishkin N. M., Timoshhuk A.S. Neobhodimost' povyshenija tehnologicheskih kompetencij prepodavatelej v uslovijah cifrovizacii obrazovatel'nogo processa // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 12 (151). - S. 460-462.
2. Vanina M. F., Davydova E. V., Erohin A. G., Frolova E. A. Problemy i perspektivy ispol'zovanija rossijskogo i zarubezhnogo svobodnogo programmnogo obespechenija v uchebnom processe vuza // Metodicheskie voprosy prepodavanija infokommunikacij v vysshej shkole. - 2018. - T. 7. - # 1. - S. 7-11.
3. Gofman A. A., Timoshhuk A. S. Filosofija i tehnologija cifrovogo obrazovanija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 1 (140). - S. 474-476.
4. Grjaznov S. A. O neobhodimosti cifrovoj gramotnosti v mestah lishenija svobody // Innovacii. Nauka. Obrazovanie. - 2020. - # 21. - S. 129-132.
5. Ershova I. V., En'kova E. E. Pedagog dolzhen uchit'sja:osmyslenie vyzova «cifrovogo» mira // Juridicheskoe obrazovanie i nauka. - 2021. - # 5. - S. 23-28.
6. Kljukina V. P., Mohnacheva E. S., Hripunova M. B. Likvidacija finansovoj i cifrovoj bezgramotnosti kak neobhodimost' sovremennosti // Samoupravlenie. - 2019. - T. 2. - # 2 (115). - S. 363-366.
7. Listvina E. V., Frolova S. M. Sociokul'turnye aspekty mezhpokolencheskih kommunikacij v cifrovuju jepohu // Izvestija Saratovskogo universiteta. Novaja serija. Serija: Filosofija. Psihologija. Pedagogika. - 2020. - T. 20. - # 4. - S. 369-373.
8. Orchanova T. M., Popov M. D. «Kibermoshennichestvo» kak ugroza bezopasnosti: kratkij obzor situacii v uslovijah pandemii // Tambovskie pravovye chtenija imeni F. N. Plevako. Materialy IV mezhd, nauchno-prakt. konferencii. - Tambov: ID «Derzhavinskij», 2020. - S. 332-337.
9. Safiullin A. R., Moiseeva O. A. Rossija v sovremennom cifrovom mire: ugroza cifrovogo neravenstva// Cifrovye tehnologii v jekonomike i promyshlennosti (JeKOPROM-2019) // Sbornik trudov nacional'noj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. Pod redakciej A. V. Babkina. - SPb: Politeh-press, 2019. - S. 139-145.
10. Trofimova N. N., Timoshhuk A. S. Praktiki ogranichenija ispol'zovanija gadzhetov v obrazovatel'nyh organizacijah // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.- 2019. - # 9 (136). - S. 355-357.
11. Hruljova O. D., Settarova S. I. «Shok budushhego» kak sledstvie izbytochnosti informacii v informacionnom obshhestve // Jekonomika, upravlenie, pravo i obshhestvo. Materialy v mezhregional'noj nauchno-prakticheskoj setevoj internet-konferencii. -Simferopol': OOO «Arial», 2021. - S. 72-74.
12. Shestakova I. G. Zhivye svideteli jery do-interneta // Obshhestvo. Sreda. Razvitie. - 2017.- # 1 (42). - S. 47-51.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Zubkov S. A.
Ecotheological image of Francis of Assisi in Christian philosophy
The article reveals the correlation between Christian philosophy and the philosophy of ecophilicity through understanding the image of the Catholic Saint Francis of Assisi as the heavenly patron of ecologists. A holistic outlook, modesty and humility, care and attention to all living beings and nature in general by Francis of Assisi have a modern continuation in the educational and ecophilic activities of Pope Francis, who actively supports environmental programs at the global level.
Keywords: Francis of Assisi, Christian ecosophy, Pope Francis, ecology, ecophilicity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borejko V. E. Proryv v jekologicheskuju jetiku. - K.:Logos, 2013. - 168 s.
2. Borejko V. E. Filosofy zoozashhity i prirodoohrany. - K.: Logos, 2012. - 180 s.
3. Gajdenko V. P., Smirnov G. A. Zapadnoevropejskaja nauka v Srednie veka. - M.: Nauka, 1989. - 352 s.
4. Ger'e V. Francisk — apostol nishhety i ljubvi. - M.:Pechatnja S. P. Jakovleva, 1908. - 346 s.
5. Konradi V. G. Kniga o svjatom Franciske. - SPb.: Sirius, 1912. - 229 s.
6. Kristiansen R. E. Jekoteologija. - Arhangel'sk: Pomorskij gos. universitet imeni M. V. Lomonosova, 2002. - 297 s.
7. Pimenova Je. K. Francisk Assizskij, ego zhizn' i obshhestvennaja dejatel'nost'. - SPb.: Tipografija P.P. Sojkina, 1896. - 77 s.
8. Cvetochki Franciska Assizskogo. - SPb.: Azbuka klassika, 2007. - 224 s.
9. Chesterton G. K. Francisk Assizskij // Voprosy filosofii. – 1989. - # 1. - S. 83–128.
10. Francisk Assizskij Sochinenija. - M.: Izd-vo Franciskancev – brat'ev men'shih konventual'nyh, 1995.- 283 s.
11. Svjatoj Francisk Assizskij – nebesnyj pokrovitel' jekologov. Sibirskaja katolicheskaja gazeta.[Jelektronnyj resurs0]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sib-catholic.ru/svyatoy-frantsisk-assizskiy-nebesnyiypokrovitel-ekologov/ (data obrashhenija: 25.06.2021).
12. Timoshhuk A. S. Moral'naja aktual'nost' hristianstva // Vestnik VlGU. Serija: Social'nye i gumanitarnye nauki. - 2019. - # 4 (24). - S. 90-98.
13. Uajt L. Francisk Assizskij – pokrovitel' jekologov. Informacionnyj centr «Zhivaja Arktika».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://arctic.org.ru/1997/1_2_97.htm (data obrashhenija: 26.06.2021).
14. 5 jekologicheskih iniciativ Papy rimskogo Franciska. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://recyclemag.ru/article/ekologicheskih-initsiativrimskogo(data obrashhenija: 26.06.2021).
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Ivanova E. V., Kilimnik E. V.
Religious security in ensuring Russia’s ideological security
The article considers the specifics of ensuring religious security in the territory of the Russian Federation in the current geopolitical situation as the object of the study. The subject of the study are various aspects and trends related to the implementation of measures to prevent religious conflictprone factors for the stability of the spiritual component of the national culture and public safety.
The article proposes a number of practical measures to implement religious security in the modern cultural and legal space of Russia. The method of the proposed work was the concept of morphological study of ideology, developed by Michael Frieden, in the structural basis of which highlights basic and peripheral ideas in the general ideological system of the state.
Keywords: religion, religious security, ideological security, religious feelings of believers, religious expertise, tolerance, religious tolerance.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 31.12.2015 # 683 «O Strategii nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https:// base.garant.ru›71296054/.
2. Poslanie Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii Federal'nomu sobraniju Rossijskoj Federacii ot 21 aprelja 2021 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://Consultant.ru›document/ cons _doc_LAW_382666/.
3. Bazhan T.A., Starkov O.V. Religiovedenie dlja juristov. – SPb.: Izdatel'stvo R.Aslanova «Juridicheskij centr Press», 2007. – 491 s.
4. Doktrina informacionnoj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii. Utverzhdena Ukazom Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 5 dekabrja 2016 g. # 646.P. 21(d). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:<https://rg.ru/2016/ 12/06/doktrina-infobezobasnost-sitedok.html>.
5. Ivanova E.V., Mel'nikova E.V. Pravovaja zashhita religioznyh chuvstv verujushhih grazhdan: osobennosti provedenija religiovedcheskoj jekspertizy // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 2 (153). –S. 449-451.
6. Kallagov T.Je., Doguzova O.R. Religioznaja bezopasnost' kak chast' nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii // Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii v chest' 90-letija tehnologicheskogo menedzhmenta. – 2019. – S. 388-390.
7. Kozlov S.V. Juridicheskie mehanizmy obespechenija religioznoj bezopasnosti. Avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridi-cheskij nauk / rostovskij institut MVD Rossijskoj Federacii. – Rostov-na-Donu, 2006. – 24 s.
8. Ponkin I. Chelovecheskoe dostoinstvo verujushhih // Zhurnal Moskovskoj Patriarhii. – 2013. – # 9. – S. 39-45.
9. Tarasevich I.A. Religioznaja bezopasnost' kak kljuchevaja sfera nacional'noj bezopasnosti // Probely v Rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2010. – # 3. – S. 10.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Lolaeva D. T., Sanakoeva Y. I., Hanaev I. S.
Poverty as the fear of a person of the «postmodern» era
Among the many problems of «modern» society, the phenomenon of human poverty is beginning to acquire new properties, becoming one of the really outlined fears. The development of technologies, the emergence of new professions, the emergence of epidemics that lead to a long lockdown, not only accelerates the reduction of jobs, but also creates conditions for the emergence of “new” poor people. People who receive low wages, who have lost their jobs, often highly qualified specialists, become a catalyst for the growth of social tension in society. The appearance of this group affects the change of various hierarchical terms that fulfill their purpose
within the social organism. This article is devoted to this problem.
Keywords: poverty, spirituality, society, behavior, social tension, social development, a person.
Work bibliographic list
1. Veber M. Protestantskaja jetika i duh kapitalizma // M. Veber. Izbrannye proizvedenija. - M.,1990.
2. Danilov A. N. Perehodnoe obshhestvo: problemy sistemnoj transformacii. - Minsk, 1997.
3. Rybakov R. P. Bednost' kak social'nyj fenomen [Tekst]: monografija / R. P. Rybakov, A. I. Rybakova. - M., 2017.
4. Sorokin P. A. Socializm i social'noe ravenstvo // Socis. - 2001. - # 5. - S. 29.
5. Social'naja i kul'turnaja dinamika: Issled. izm. v bol'shih sistemah iskusstva, istiny, jetiki, prava i obshhestv. otnoshenij / Pitirim Sorokin; Per. s angl. V. V. Sapova. - Sankt-Peterburg:Izd-vo Rus. Hristian. gumanitar. in-ta, 2000.
6. Social'nye izmenenija v sovremennom obshhestve [Tekst]: kollektivnaja monografija / [Nagornova A. Ju. i dr.; otv. red. A. Ju. Nagornova]. - Ul'janovsk: Zebra, 2016.
7. Hashhenko V. A. Lichnost' i gruppa v jekonomicheskih i upravlencheskih otnoshenijah [Tekst]; Rossijskaja akademija nauk, Institut psihologii. -M.: In-t psihologii RAN, 2016.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Runaev R. Yu.
Determinism against Free Will
The article offers an analysis of the actions performed by a person through the prism of two factors that encourage him to do this, but at the same time mutually exclusive, namely, Determinism and Free Will. If we take as the basis of human motivation in actions the determinism of his actions, predetermined for their commission by previously existing circumstances, and subject to the natural laws of nature, then we can conclude that the presence of free will in a person’s actions is not assumed. If we take into account the existence of Free Will, as a priority in the real human response to the picture of the world that is developing around him, then why are these actions inevitably subject to the same physically conditioned laws, which are not at all variable, but cyclical in their manifestations.
Keywords: philosophy, ethics, free will, decision, action, libertarianism, determinism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gol'bah P. Sistema prirody, ili O zakonah mira fizicheskogo i mira duhovnogo // Pol' Anri Gol'bah. Izbr. proizv. T. 1. - M.: Mysl', 2007.
2. Gol'bah P. Izbrannye proizvedenija // Pol' Anri Gol'bah. Izbr. proizv. Tom 1. - M.: Izdatel'stvo social'no-jekonomicheskoj literatury, 1963.
3. Kocharjan M. T. Pol' Gol'bah // Kocharjan Musael Tigranovich. Pol' Gol'bah. - M.: Mysl', 1978.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Askerova S. V.
Philosophy of culture: in theoretical and conceptual aspects
The presented article examines the place of the philosophy of culture as an interdisciplinary field among other humanitarian and social disciplines. In the history of European philosophical thought of the 18th century, despite the sporadic approach to this issue, a final point of view has not been formed to this day. The article analyzes various ideas about the role of culture in the life of society and individuals. The deep connection between philosophy and culture, which manifests itself at all stages of the history of social thought, is emphasized. The philosophy of culture as the main point is understood as the self-awareness of culture, its appeal to itself, revealing the meaning, ideas, goals, conditions of the cultural activity of society. It is this interpretation of the philosophy of culture that makes it possible to include in the field of research the important problems of the interdependence and universality of culture and human existence.
Keywords: culture, philosophy, history, society, philosophy of culture.
Work bibliographic list
1. Voevodina L. N. Filosofija kul'tury: problemy i perspektivy // Kul'tura i obrazovanie: nauchno-informacionnyj zhurnal vuzov kul'tury i iskusstv. – 2014.
2. Manafova M. Dzh., Jefendieva N. T., Shahgusejnova Sh. A. Istorija i teorija kul'tury. Uchebnik dlja VUZ-ov. – Baku, 2008.
3. Pashaev V. A. Filosofija kul'tury. – Baku, 1999.
4. Rustamov Ja. Osnovy filosofii. – Baku, 2007.
5. Frejdenberg O. M. Mif i literatura drevnosti. –M., 1978.
 
BOOK REVIEW
Bekyashev K. A., Chattaev A. R.
“An important book is a necessary book”
Review for a scientific publication: «The Mysterious and Obvious in American Diplomacy: From Monroe to Trump. Cambridge Scholars Publishing». 2020. – 533 p. (Insur Farkhutdinov. «The mysterious and obvious in American diplomacy from Monroe to Trump». Cambridge:09.01.2020 – 533 c. (published in English

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Eurasian Law Journal

International scientific and practical
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