CONTENT OF NUMBER
AND SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES

EURASIAN LAW JOURNAL №5(24)2010

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Congratulations!
To Camill Abdulovich Bekyashev with awarding of honorary title «Honoured worker of Science of the Russian Federation» by Decree of the President № 531 of 30 April 2010

Persona Grata
Bashkortostan on the joint of Europe and Asia Interview with Konstantin Borisovich Tolkashev

Eurasian Integration
Bakaeva O.U.
Pressing questions of unification of customs regulation within the limits of the customs union

Law of CIS states
Satzhanova M.O.

Some issues of instituting the administrative responsibility for violations in the sphere of natural monopolies in Kazakhstan Republic
Volk E.A.
Contemporary problems of the application of normative agreements in labour law of belarus
Turgumbaev E.Z.
Problematic aspects of the stage of instituting the criminal case in Kazakhstan Republic

International law
Muranov A.I.
Gross mistakes made by russia in respect of the legal services sphere in the course of negotiations on accession to the WTO
Smirnova E.S.
European and asian vectors in combatting sea piracy: the history and the perspectives in the beginning of the XXI century
Chabaeva I.S.
The principle of non-discrimination in international economic relations
Semenova Y.A.
Jus cogens as a basis of modern international law
Solovieva T.V.
About necessity of existence of the control mechanism behind execution of decisions of the European Court of Human Rights

Diplomatic law
Belkovets L.P.
Soviet state on the eve of the great patriotic war from the point of view of german embassy ambassadors in Moscow

Constitutional law
Bolotskikh A.A.
About а constitutional legal status of the central bank of the russian federation

Civil law
Ambartsumyan S.R.
Some aspects of legal nature of Non-deliverable forward

Tax law
Abdujalilov A.
Legal regulation of taxation in the internet: problems and prospects

Criminal law and criminal executive law
Smirnov V.V.
Characteristics of repeatedly convicted violent offenders with mental disorders
Kairov S.A.
Psychological characteristics of motivation of participation in illegal armed formations

Employment law
Zavgorodniy A.V., Akhmatshin V.V.
Pecularities of legal regulation of chief executive officer’s labour in commercial company
Kulakova O.V., Nosov D.V.
Labour legal relationships at transforming the type of a budgetary organization into an autonomous one

Intellectual property law
Popov A.N.

Rights protection of creative results in sports sphere

Investment Law
Borgoyakov A.S.

Umbrella clause as the remedy for foreign investor’s rights protection

Family law
Bahtiarov I.P.

Family-legal relations as the basis of emergence of the rights and duties of citizens in other spheres of legal relations

Advocacy and notaries
Ragulin A.V.

On the right of the counsel to collect objects and documents providing the basis for formation of evidences in criminal procedure
Melnichenko R.G.
The institute of professional responsibility of the lawyer

Tthe organization of law enforcement
Fefelov V.V.

The Concept of law Enforcement Activity and its Assessment in the Modern Russian Society

Policies of the world
Biryukov P.N.

The police of the Italian republic

Reviews
Kutafinsky readings Helpful scientific meeting of civil lawyers of Russia and visitors
from abroad (Information on the work of the section of civil law)

Second International scientific symposium «Comparative Law Days»
(Ukraine, Kiev, 22–25 April 2010)

The application of the principle of «extradite or judge» in interstate combating terrorism. expert recommendations of «the round table» at the Diplomatic academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia on Oct. 7, 2009

Our celebrator
To the 70 anniversary from the date of R.H.Bathiev's birth

Information for authors

About the authors
Eurasian Integration
Bakaeva O.U.
Pressing questions of unification of customs regulation within the limits of the customs union
In the article the basic innovations established by the Customs code of the Customs union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan are considered. Pays attention to necessity of adaptation of the national legislation to the customs legislation of the Union. The general characteristic of legal base of the Customs union is given. Basic elements of customs regulation in a foreshortening of new customs rules are considered. The separate problems demanding unification from the point of view of legislative regulation come to light and analyzed.
Keywords: customs union, customs code, customs regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vitte P., Vol'fgang H.-M. Tamozhennoe pravo: Uchebnik:Per. s nem. – M., 2000.
2. Edinyj perechen' tovarov, k kotorym primenjajutsja zaprety ili ogranichenija na vvoz ili vyvoz gosudarstvami – chlenami Tamozhennogo sojuza v ramkah Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo soobshhestva v torgovle s tret'imi stranami i Polozhenija o primenenii ogranichenij, utv. Resheniem Mezhgosudarstvennogo Soveta EvrAzJeS ot 27 nojabrja 2009 g. # 19, Resheniem Komissii Tamozhennogo sojuza EvrAzJeS ot 27 nojabrja 2009 g. # 132 // Ros. gazeta. –2009. – 30 nojabrja.
3. Edinyj tamozhennyj tarif Tamozhennogo sojuza Respubliki Belarus', Respubliki Kazahstan i Rossijskoj Federacii (ETT), utv. Resheniem Mezhgosudarstvennogo Soveta EvrAzJeS ot 27 nojabrja 2009 g. # 18, Resheniem Komissii Tamozhennogo sojuza EvrAzJeS ot 27 nojabrja 2009 g. # 130 // Ros. gazeta. – 2009. – 30 nojabrja.
4. Perechen' tovarov, v otnoshenii kotoryh s 1 janvarja 2010 g. ustanavlivajutsja tarifnye kvoty, a takzhe ob"emy tarifnyh kvot dlja vvoza jetih tovarov na territorii Respubliki Belarus', Respubliki Kazahstan i Rossijskoj Federacii, utv. Resheniem Komissii Tamozhennogo sojuza EvrAzJeS ot 27 nojabrja 2009 # 130 //Ros. gazeta. – 2009. – 30 nojabrja.
5. Perechen' razvivajushhihsja stran – pol'zovatelej sistemy tarifnyh preferencij Tamozhennogo sojuza, utv. Resheniem Mezhgosudarstvennogo Soveta EvrAzJeS ot 27 nojabrja 2009 g. # 18, Resheniem Komissii Tamozhennogo sojuza EvrAzJeS ot 27 nojabrja 2009 g. # 130 // Ros. gazeta. – 2009. – 30 nojabrja.
6. Reshenie Komissii Tamozhennogo sojuza EvrAzJeS ot 27 nojabrja 2009 g. # 132 «O edinom netarifnom regulirovanii Tamozhennogo sojuza Respubliki Belarus', Respubliki Kazahstan i Rossijskoj Federacii» // Ros. gazeta. – 2009. – 30 nojabrja.
7. Reshenie Komissii Tamozhennogo sojuza EvrAzJeS ot 27 janvarja 2010 g. # 168 «Ob obespechenii funkcionirovanija edinoj sistemy netarifnogo regulirovanija Tamozhennogo sojuza Respubliki Belarus', Respubliki Kazahstan i Rossijskoj Federacii».
 
Law of CIS states
Satzhanova M.O.
Some issues of instituting the administrative responsibility for violations in the sphere of natural monopolies in Kazakhstan Republic
In article some problem questions connected with instituting administrative responsibility for infringements in sphere of natural monopolies under the legislation of the Republic Kazakhstan are considered.
Keywords: natural monopolies, administrative responsibility, infringements in sphere of natural monopolies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Atamanchuk G.V. Administrativnoe pravo: Uchebnik. – M.:RAGS, 2003.
2. Atamanchuk G.V. Teorija gosudarstvennogo upravlenija: Kurs lekcij. – M., 2005.
3. Slovar' Administrativnogo prava / Pod red. I.L.Bachilo, N.G.Salishheva, N.Ju.Hamaneva. – M.: Fond Pravovaja Kul'tura, 1999.
4. Uvarov V.N. Teorija gosudarstvennogo upravlenija: Uchebnik. – Petropavlovsk: Severo-Kazahstanskaja juridicheskaja akademija, 2006.

Law of CIS states
Volk E.A.
Contemporary problems of the application of normative agreements in labour law of belarus
The article is devoted to the problems concerning the juridical aspects of a normative agreement. General and specific characteristics of a normative agreement, its position in the system of sources of labour law of Belarus and the author’s scientific definition of such an agreement are considered in the article. The analysis of certain types of a normative agreement, such as international and social-cooperative agreements, is carried out. Due to the analysis, some problems of application of international agreements of the Republic of Belarus in national law are brought out and some possible ways of their solution proposed. The article deals with the urgent problems of concluding of a collective agreement, and particularly with the problems of employees’ interest intermediation, incidence of a collective agreement on employers and employees, who have not entered into it, the contents of a collective agreement in conditions of the financial economic crisis and the procedure for their registration.
Keywords: normative agreement, international agreements, collective agreement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Afanasenko A. Porjadok i stadii zakljuchenija kollektivnogo dogovora // Juridicheskij mir. – 2009. – # 1.
2. Babenko A.N., Parfenova T.A. Ponjatie i priznaki normativnogo dogovora // Sibirskij Juridicheskij Vestnik. – 2004. –# 2.
3. Vasilevich G.A. Belorusskoe gosudarstvo na rubezhe vekov. –3-e izd., dop. – Minsk: Pravo i jekonomika, 2008.
4. Glushkov V.M. Kibernetika. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. –M.: Nauka, 1986.
5. Gorsheneva Ju.A. Normativnyj dogovor kak istochnik prava: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2005.
6. Kommentarij k Trudovomu kodeksu Respubliki Belarus': S postatejnym prilozheniem obrazcov dokumentov / Pod obshh. red. V.G.Golovanova, V.I.Semenkova. – Minsk: Dikta, 2009.
7. Lushnikova M.V. Netipichnye normativnye predpisanija v trudovom prave: normy-deklaracii, normy-principy, normykollizii // Promyshlenno-torgovoe pravo. – 2005. – # 6.
8. Mal'ko A.V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. – M.: Jurist", 2001.
9. Marchenko M.N. Istochniki prava: Ucheb. posob. – M.: TK Velbi: Prospekt, 2005.
10. Mjasin A.A. Normativnyj dogovor kak istochnik prava: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Saratov, 2003.
11. Nurtdinova A.F. Kollektivno-dogovornoe regulirovanie trudovyh otnoshenij: teoreticheskie problemy: Avtoref. dis. ...
12. O normativnyh pravovyh aktah Respubliki Belarus': Zakon Respubliki Belarus' ot 10 janvarja 2000 g. # 361-3; V red. Zakona Respubliki Belarus' ot 02.07.2009 g. // Nac. reestr pravovyh aktov Respubliki Belarus'. – 2009. – # 161.
13. Obshhaja teorija gosudarstva i prava / A.F.Vishnevskij, N.A.Gorbatok, V.A.Kuchinskij; pod obshh. red. A.F.Vishnevskogo. – 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. – Minsk: Tesej, 1999.
14. Pavlova L.V. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo v pravovoj sisteme gosudarstv // Belorusskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij. – 1999. – # 3.
15. Tolstik V.A. Ierarhija rossijskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava / Nizhegorodskaja akademija MVD RF. – M.: Jurajt-M, 2001.
16. Tomashevskij K.L. Ocherki trudovogo prava. Istorija, filosofija, problemy sistem i istochnikov. – Minsk: Izd. Centr BGU, 2009.
17. Trudovoj kodeks Respubliki Belarus': prinjat Palatoj predstavitelej 8 ijunja 1999 g.: odobren Sovetom Respubliki 30 ijunja 1999 g.: tekst Kodeksa po sostojaniju na 2 apr. 2009 g. – Minsk: Nac. centr pravovoj informacii Respubliki Belarus', 2009.
18. Shvedov A.L. Sistema istochnikov trudovogo prava Rossii: osnovnye problemy funkcionirovanija i tendencii razvitija // Rossijskij ezhegodnik trudovogo prava. – 2008. – # 4. d-ra jurid. nauk. – M., 1998.

Law of CIS states
Turgumbaev E.Z.
Problematic aspects of the stage of instituting the criminal case in Kazakhstan Republic
The article is devoted to procedural problems of stage of instituting the criminal case. On the basis of the analysis of investigative practice, author of the article came to conclusion about necessity of legislative expansion of list of procedural and investigatory actions, applications necessary for all-round realization of preburnish check and messages about accomplished or prepared crimes.
Keywords: pre-investigation, pre-screening, the Interior Ministry of Kazakhstan, test actions, investigations, investigative authority.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zeleneckij V.G. O sootnoshenii sledstvennogo i gosudarstvennogo obvinenija v sovetskom ugolovnom processe // Aktual'nye problemy juridicheskogo processa v obshhenarodnom gosudarstve. – Jaroslavl', 1979.
2. Kovaleva M.G. Vozbuzhdenie ugolovnogo dela i obespechenie ego zakonnosti i obosnovannosti: Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – SPb., 2005.
3. Lupinskaja P.A. Zakonnost' i obosnovannost' reshenij v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. – M.: Vsesojuznyj juridicheskij zaochnyj institut, 1972.
4. Matusevich G.V. Povody i osnovanija dlja vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela: Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2004.

International law
Muranov A.I.
Gross mistakes made by russia in respect of the legal services sphere in the course of negotiations on accession to the WTO
In 2004 Russia concluded the negotiations with the World Trade Organization (WTO) about the obligations it was to assume as a Member-State of the WTO in compliance with the General Agreement on Trade in Services (one of the WTO key agreements) in respect of the sphere of rendering legal services and admission of foreign persons therein (attorneys, law firms and lawyersentrepreneurs from the WTO members). The relevant draft of the Russia’s obligations was agreed upon, which may become part of the final agreement between Russia and the WTO. In spite of the fact that the negotiations started as early as in 1999, were carried on for five years and there was every chance to conclude them in a favorable way, the results of these negotiations turned out to be to the disadvantage of the Russian persons rendering legal services and may lead to rather negative consequences for the Russian society, economy and state in future.
Russia may well become a member of the WTO already in 2010 (judging by the Russian authorities’ statements in the middle of November 2009). Therefore, it is important to immediately start analyzing what consequences this step will bring about. It goes without saying that such analysis is of significance not only for Russia but also for the other CIS countries considering the idea of accession to the WTO so that they could learn the lesson from the mistakes set out below.
Keywords: WTO, international trade law, private international law, trade in legal services, attorneys at law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Poslanie Prezidenta Rossii V.V.Putina Federal'nomu Sobraniju Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18 aprelja 2002 g. «Rossii nado byt' sil'noj i konkurentosposobnoj» // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2002. – 19 aprelja (# 71).
2. Chastnye ohrannye predprijatija popadut pod kontrol' milicii // http://www.rg.ru/2007/11/09/chop.html.
3. Poslanie Prezidenta Rossii Federal'nomu Sobraniju Rossii ot 10 maja 2006 g. // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2006. – 11 maja (# 97).
4. Surkov V.Ju. Russkaja politicheskaja kul'tura. Vzgljad iz utopii // http://www.russ.ru/pole/Russkaya-politicheskaya-kul-tura.- Vzglyad-iz-utopii (24.11.2009).
5. Black’s Law Dictionary. 6th Ed. – St. Paul, Minn., 1998 (13th reprint).
6. Zashhitit' rynok juridicheskih uslug // http://www.fparf.ru/ news/65.htm.
 
International law
Smirnova E.S.
European and asian vectors in combatting sea piracy: the history and the perspectives in the beginning of the XXI century
The article is devoted to the problem of cooperation of international organizations of Europe and Asia in combatting sea piracy and ways of problems solving.
Keywords: Europe, Asia, Russia, international cooperation, piracy, prevention of crime, the piracy reporting centre.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aktual'nye problemy morskogo prava i mezhdunarodnogo sudohodstva: Materialy 7-go obshhego sobranija 1978 g. / Nauch. red. A.L.Kolodkin. – M., 1980.
2. Valentinov V.V. O narushenijah svobody moreplavanija v rajone kitajskih morej // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1955. – # 8.
3. Guculjak V.N. Mezhdunarodnoe morskoe pravo (publichnoe i chastnoe). – Rostov n/D, 2006.
4. Karpec I.I. Prestuplenija mezhdunarodnogo haraktera. – M., 1979.
5. Kirakos'jan M. Piraty Kaspijskogo morja. – Astrahan', 2007.
6. Kolodkin A.L. Istorija mezhdunarodnogo morskogo prava // Sovremennoe mezhdunarodnoe morskoe pravo: rezhim vod i dna Mirovogo okeana. – M., 1974.
7. Kolodkin A.L. Interv'ju gazete «Izvestija» // Izvestija. – 2009. – 16 aprelja.
8. Kolodkin A.L., Smirnova E.S. Pravovoe regulirovanie bor'by s morskim piratstvom na mezhdunarodnom i nacional'nom urovnjah: sostojanie i perspektivy v nachale XXI veka. – M., 2009.
9. Kotljar V.S. Piratstvo v XXI veke // Mezhdunarodnaja zhizn'. – 2009. – # 2–3.
10. Mahovskij Ja. Istorija morskogo piratstva. – M., 1972.
11. Mishal'chenko Ju.V. Pravovoj status locmana v mezhdunarodnom moreplavanii: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – SPb., 1999.
12. Murphy Martin N. Contemporary piracy and maritime terrorism: the threat to international security Martin Murphy. Abington (Ox): Rutledge for the Intern inst. For strategic studies Cop. 2007.
 
International law
Chabaeva I.S.
The principle of non-discrimination in international economic relations
This article explains the concept and value of the principle of non-discrimination in international economic relations as well as the various positions of domestic and foreign scholars related to contents of the afore-referred principle and legitimate exceptions therefrom; the question of juxtaposing two principles of International Law, i.e. those of non-discrimination and the most favoured nation (MFN) is treated; the role of the above principle of non-discrimination in international economic relations is pointed out. Besides, the article contains the relevant legal background of the said principle.
Keywords: international law principles, a principle of non-discrimination in sphere of the international economic relations, a most favoured nation treatment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Boguslavskij M.M. Mezhdunarodnoe jekonomicheskoe pravo. – M.: Mezhdunar. otnoshenija, 1986.
2. Buvajlik G.E. Pravovoe regulirovanie mezhdunarodnyh jekonomicheskih otnoshenij. – Kiev: Nauk. dumka, 1977.
3. Vel'jaminov G.M. Mezhdunarodnoe jekonomicheskoe pravo i process: Akademicheskij kurs: Uchebnik. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2004 // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Vojtovich S.A. Principy mezhdunarodno-pravovogo regulirovanija mezhgosudarstvennyh jekonomicheskih otnoshenij:Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Kiev, 1983.
5. Vojtovich S.A. O sootnoshenii principov nediskriminacii i naibol'shego blagoprijatstvovanija v mezhgosudarstvennyh jekonomicheskih otnoshenijah // Sovetskij ezhegodnik mezhdunarodnogo prava. 1984. – M.: Nauka, 1986.
6. Genkin D.M. Princip naibol'shego blagoprijatstvovanija v torgovyh dogovorah gosudarstv // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1958. – # 9.
7. Doklad Komissii mezhdunarodnogo prava o rabote ee dvadcat' vos'moj sessii, 3 maja – 23 ijulja 1976 g. – N'ju-Jork, 1976.
8. Dokumenty Konferencii OON po torgovle i razvitiju. Zheneva, 28 marta – 16 ijunja 1964 g. – N'ju-Jork, 1964.
9. Ezhegodnik Komissii mezhdunarodnogo prava. 1978. – N'ju-Jork, 1979.
10. Kurs mezhdunarodnogo prava: V 7 t. – M.: Nauka, 1990.
11. Kurs mezhdunarodnogo prava: V 6 t. – M.: Nauka, 1968.
12. Nguen Kuok Lok. Rol' socialisticheskih stran v formirovanii demokraticheskih principov mezhdunarodnogo jekonomicheskogo prava (Istoriko-pravovoe issledovanie): Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 1988.
13. Usenko E.T. Princip nediskriminacii i princip naibol'shego blagoprijatstvovanija v mezhdunarodnyh jekonomicheskih otnoshenijah // Vneshnjaja torgovlja. – 1960. – # 7.
14. Usenko E.T., Vasilenko V.A. Princip nediskriminacii v sfere mezhdunarodnyh jekonomicheskih otnoshenij // Sovetskij ezhegodnik mezhdunarodnogo prava. 1983. – M.: Nauka, 1984.__
15. Shaban I.S. Princip nediskriminacii v mezhdunarodnyh jekonomicheskih otnoshenijah // Mezhdunarodnoe pravo na sluzhbe mira i sotrudnichestva gosudarstv. – M., 1981.
16. Chishti Sumitra. Restructuring of international economic relations. – New Delhi: Concept publishing company, 1991.
17. The Course on Dispute Settlement in International Trade, Investment and Intellectual Property / Prepared by Mr. A.E.Appleton at the request of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); The Oxford Handbook of International Business / Ed. by Alan M.Rugman. Second Edition, 2009.
18. Doebbler C.F.J. The principle of Non-Discrimination in International Law. – CD Publishing, 2007.
19. International law and investments by Samuel K.B.Asante // International law: achievements and prospects. Authors: Mohammed Bedjaoui. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1991.
20. Jackson J. Equality and discrimination in international economic law: The general agreement on tariffs and trade // Yearbook World Affaires. – 1983. – Vol. 37.
21. Konrad von Moltke. The Environment and the Principle of Non-Discrimination in Investment Regimes: International and Domestic Institutions // International Investment for Sustainable Development: balancing rights and rewards / Ed. by Lyuba Zarsky. Published
by Earthscan in the UK and USA in 2005.
22. Li Yuwen. Fade-away of socialist planned economy: China’s participation in the WTO // International economic law with a human face / Ed. by Friedl Weiss, Eric Denters and Paul de Waart. Kluwer Law International, 1998.
23. Peter-Tobias Stoll, Frank Schorkopf. WTO: world economic order, world trade law. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2006.

International law
Semenova Y.A.
Jus cogens as a basis of modern international law
The article contains analysis of special norms of international law – jus cogens norms. Importance of this analysis is determined by the fact that in spite of universal admission of these norms there is no list of jus cogens norms envisaged by any of official documents because of divergence of views among key actors of international legal relations. One of the main obstacles
in the way of “determination” of jus cogens norms is that some states making attempts to prove priority of national norms over international obligations.
The author of the article scrutinizes such issues as origin of jus cogens concept and it’s subsequent incorporation in the text of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties by the International Law Commission and also examines application of these norms by international tribunals in particular by the ICJ. The author also has analyzed the ways of receiving of cogency by international norms and highlighted the elements of imperative norm.
Keywords: jus cogens, imperative norm, public order, the main principles of international law, the principles of morality, custom, international legal order.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bjulleten' Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka. Rossijskoe izdanie.
2. Lukashuk I.I. Sovremennoe pravo mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov. – M., 2006. – T. 2.
3. Tunkin G.I. Voprosy teorii mezhdunarodnogo prava. – M.,1962.
4. Tunkin G.I. Teorija mezhdunarodnogo prava. – M., 1970.
5. Shestakov L.N. Imperativnye normy v sisteme sovremennogo mezhdunarodnogo prava. – M., 1982.
6. Bluntschli Das moderne Völkerrecht der zivilisierten Staaten.– 1872.
7. Verdross A. Forbidden Treaties in International Law // American Journal of International law. – 1937. – Vol. 31. – # 4.

International law
Solovieva T.V.
About necessity of existence of the control mechanism behind execution of decisions of the European Court of Human Rights
Decisions of the European Court of Human Rights are a real protection frame of the broken rights of interested persons. The taken out decisions are obligatory for realisation by the countries-participants of the Council of Europe. Thus not always decisions of the European court under human rights are executed in due time and implicitly, as causes of existence of the control mechanism behind execution of the given decisions.
Keywords: the European Court of Human Rights, execution, decision, Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, a measure of individual and general character.
Work bibliographic list
1. Evropejskoe pravo. Pravo Evropejskogo Sojuza i pravovoe obespechenie zashhity prav cheloveka: Uchebnik dlja vuzov / Ruk. avt. koll. i otv. red. d-r jurid. nauk, prof. L.M.Jentin. – 2-e izd., peresmotr. i dop. – M., 2007.
2. Kartashkin V.A. Reformirovanie konvencionnyh organov po pravam cheloveka // Jurist-mezhdunarodnik. – 2007. – # 2.
3. Lobov M.B. Neispolnenie sudebnyh reshenij – problema obshhaja // Bjulleten' Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka. – 2006. – # 11.
4. Lobov M.B. Reshenija evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka: pravovye posledstvija dlja gosudarstv – chlenov Soveta Evropy // http://www.echr-base.ru/lobov.jsp.
5. Lobov M.B. Internet-konferencija Soveta Evropy i Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka «Evropejskie standarty zashhity prav cheloveka. Obespechenie dostupa v Rossijskoj Federacii». 12 fevralja 2002 g. Moskva, CIT MGU.
6. Luk'jancev G.E. Evropejskie standarty v oblasti prav cheloveka: teorija i praktika funkcionirovanija Evropejskoj Konvencii o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod. 1999 // http://www1.um#.edu/huma# rts/russia#/Reurosta# dards-I# dex.html.
7. Metlova I.S. Reshenija Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka v sisteme istochnikov rossijskogo prava: Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.01. – M.: RGB, 2007. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].
8. Objazatel'stva gosudarstv – uchastnikov Evropejskoj konvencii o zashhite prav cheloveka po ispolneniju postanovlenij Evropejskogo suda / Pod red. L.M.Churkinoj; obshh. red. S.I.Beljaeva. – Ekaterinburg, 2005. – Vyp. 5.
9. Oparina M.V. Pravovoe znachenie reshenij Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka // Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. – 2008. – # 4.
10. Osman-zade S. Evropejskaja konvencija po pravam cheloveka i nacional'nye pravovye sistemy stran – chlenov Soveta Evropy. Rol' Komiteta ministrov // Jurist-mezhdunarodnik. – 2005. – # 2.
11. Standarty Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka i rossijskaja pravoprimenitel'naja praktika: Sbornik analiticheskih statej / Pod red. M.R.Voskobitovoj. – M., 2005.
12. Sultanov A.R. Ob ispolnenii postanovlenij Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka kak sredstve realizacii konstitucionnyh cennostej // Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. – 2008. – # 4.
13. Sultanov A.R. Pol'za ot proigrysha // Gazeta Jezh-Jurist. – 2008. – # 5.
14. Shataev I.V. Osobennosti realizacii konstitucionnogo prava na kvalificirovannuju juridicheskuju pomoshh' v Evropejskom sude po pravam cheloveka: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2007.
15. Churkina L.M. Kontrol' kak uslovie jeffektivnogo ispolnenija postanovlenij Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka // Pravo i politika. – 2007. – # 9. – S. 31.
16. Jentin M.L. Mezhdunarodnoe prinuzhdenie k sobljudeniju prav cheloveka v Evrope // Vsja Evropa.ru: Jelektronnyj zhurnal. – Vyp. 2(8).__

Diplomatic law
Belkovets L.P.
Soviet state on the eve of the great patriotic war from the point of view of german embassy ambassadors in Moscow
The article is devoted to the German diplomats` conceptions of the soviet state. They were based on memorials and documents from German record-keeping offices. These diplomats were members of Fon Shulenberg`s(the German ambassador in Moscow) team. German ambassadors in Moscow were against Hitler`s aggression to the USSR and they depicted the Soviet Union as
a powerful economic and social state, which was capable to counteract any aggressor without any aggressive plans against Germany and other countries.
Keywords: embassy, ambassadors, aggression, enemy, Germany, the USSR, warning, state, victory, defeat.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belkovec L.P., Belkovec S.V. Konsul'skie otnoshenija Germanii i Sibiri v 1920–1930-e gg. // Nemeckij jetnos v Sibiri: Al'manah gumanitarnyh issledovanij. – Vyp. 1. – Novosibirsk, 1999. – S. 68–79.
2. Boroznjak A.I. Iskuplenie. Nuzhen li Rossii germanskij opyt preodolenija totalitarnogo proshlogo? – M., 1999.
3. Istorija Germanii: Ucheb. posob.: V 3 t. – T. 2–3. – M., 2007.
4. Korneva L.N. Germanskaja istoriografija nacional-socializma: problemy issledovanija i tendencii sovremennogo razvitija. – Kemerovo, 2007.
5. Mihalka V. «Prevrashhenie iz motora v transmissiju». Degradacija vneshnepoliticheskogo vedomstva v 1933–1945 gg. // Vtoraja mirovaja vojna. Diskussii. Osnovnye tendencii. Rezul'taty issledovanij / Pod red. V.Mihalki. – M., 1996.
6. Mommzen G. Oppozicija Gitleru i nemeckoe obshhestvo v 1933–1945 gg. // Vtoraja mirovaja vojna. Diskussii. Osnovnye tendencii. Rezul'taty issledovanij. – M., 1996.
7. Nikiforov Ju.A. Diskussionnye problemy predystorii Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojny v novejshej otechestvennoj istoriografii: Avtoref. dis. … kand. ist. nauk. – M., 2000.
8. Fljajshhaujer I. Pakt Gitler, Stalin i iniciativa germanskoj diplomatii. 1938–1939: Per. s nem. / Obshh. red. i predisl. L.A.Bezymenskogo. – M., 1991.
9. Belkowez Larisa, Belkowez Sergej. Gescheiterte Hoffnungen. Das deutsche Konsulat in Sibirien 1923–1938. – Essen: Klartext Verlag, 2004.
10. Bussmann Walter. Das Auswärtige Amt unter der nationalsozialistischen Diktatur // Demokratie und Diktatur. Geist und Gestalt politischer Herschaft in Deutschland und Europa. Festschrift für Karl Dietrich Bracher. Manfred Funke u.a. (Hrsg.). – Düsseldorf:
Drosste Verlag, 1987. – S. 252–265.
11. General Ernst Köstring. Der militärische Mittler zwischen dem Deutschen Reich und der Sowjetunion 1921–1941, bearb. von Germann Teske. – Frankfurt/M, 1965.
12. Gibbons Robert. Opposition gegen «Barbarossa» im Herbst 1940 // Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt Stuttgart. (1975). 25. Jahrgang. – S. 332–340.
13. Hans Herwarth von Bittenfeld. Zwischen Hitler und Stalin. Erlebte Zeitgeschichte 1931–1945. – Frankfurt a. M.: Berlin: Wien, 1982.
14. Hillgruber Andreas. Das Russlandbild der fürenden deutschen Militärs vor Beginn des Angriffs auf die Sowjetunion // Zwei Wege nach Moskau. Von Hitler-Stalin-Pakt zum «Unternehmen Barbarossa». Hrsg. von Bernd Wegner. – München: Zürich. Peper, 1991. – S. 167–184.
15. Jacobsen Hans-Adolf. Zur Rolle der Diplomatie im Dritten Reich // Das diplomatische Korps 1871–1945. Hrsg. Von Klaus Schwabe. Harald Boldt Verlag. – Boppard am Rhein, 1985. – S. 171–199.
16. Jacobsen Hans-Adolf. Zur Struktur der NS-Aussenpolitik 1933–1945 // Manfred Funke (Hrsg.). Hitler, Deutschland und die Mächte. – 1978. – S. 137–179.
17. Michalka W. Russlandbilder des Auswärtigen Amts und deutscher Diplomaten // H.-E. Volkmann (Hrsg.) Das Russlandbild im Dritten Reich. – Köln, 1994. – S. 79–103.
18. Wegner-Korfes Sigrid. Botschafter Friedrich Werner Graf von den Schulenburg und die Vorbereitung von «Barbarossa» // Zwei Wege nach Moskau. Von Hitler-Stalin-Pakt zum «Unternehmen Barbarossa». Hrsg. von Bernd Wegner.– München: Zürich. Peper, 1991. – S. 185–202.
19. Wegner-Korfes Sigrid. Graf von der Schulenburg – Mitverschwörer des 20. Juli 1944 // Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft. – 1984. – Heft 8. – S. 681–699.
20. Wir und der Kreml. Deutsch-sowjetische Beziehungen 1918– 1941. Erinnerungen eines deutschen Diplomaten von Gustav Hilger. Alfred Metzner Verlag. – Frankfurt / Main: Berlin, 1956.
21. Zeidler Manfred. Das Bild der Wermacht von Russland und der Roten Armee zwischen 1933 und 1939 // Das Russlandbild im Dritten Reich. Hrsg. Von Hans-Erich Volkmann. Böhlau Verlag Köln. Weimar. – Wien, 1994. – S. 105–124.

Constitutional law
Bolotskikh A.A.
About а constitutional legal status of the central bank of the russian federation
The article deals with the legal status of The Central Bank of the Russian Federation from the position of problem of its determination fixed in the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The author classifies norms (rules) of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, regulating the activities of Bank of Russia, reveals the contradictions that exist in them and suggests some concepts concerning possible their decision.
Keywords: Central bank of the Russian Federation, Constitution of the Russian Federation, legal status, independence, public authority.
Work bibliographic list
1. Barenbojm G.D., Gadzhiev G.A., Lafitskij V.I., Mau V.A. Konstitucionnaja jekonomika: Uchebnik dlja jurid. i jekonom. vuzov. – M.: ZAO Justicinform, 2006.
2. Stoljarenko V.M. Central'nyj bank kak organ gosudarstvennoj vlasti: Dis. … d-ra jurid. nauk. – M., 1999.
3. Tosunjan G.A. Bankizacija Rossii: pravo, jekonomika, politika: Monografija. – M.: ZAO «Olimp-Biznes», 2008.

Civil law
Ambartsumyan S.R.
Some aspects of legal nature of Non-deliverable forward
Legal nature of non-deliverable forward (NDF) is subject to an ongoing theoretical debates. In particular these debates raise the issue of correlation between NDF and games (betting) and the issue of treating NDF as a conditional agreement or termed agreement. The relevant legislation is under formation to date and suffers from a number of defects. The article makes an attempt to define certain aspects of legal nature of NDF and to deal with the theoretical debates at issue.
Keywords: non-deliverable forward, derivatives, contracts for difference, conditional agreement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Braginskij M.I., Vitrjanskij V.V. Dogovornoe pravo. – Kniga Pjataja: V 2 t. – T. 2. – M.: Statut, 2006.
2. Gubin E.P., Sherstobitov A.E. Raschetnyj forvardnyj kontrakt: teorija i praktika // Zakonodatel'stvo. – 1998. –# 10.
3. Ivanova E.V. Raschetnyj forvardnyj kontrakt kak srochnaja sdelka. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2005.
4. Ivanova E.V. Pravovaja kvalifikacija derivativov: Dis. …kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03. – M.: RGB, 2006.
5. Kashurin Ju.N. Raschetno-forvardnyj dogovor: Dis. …kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03. – M.: RGB, 2007.
6. Mel'nichuk G.V. Pravovaja priroda raschetnyh forvardnyh sdelok i sdelok REPO // Zakonodatel'stvo. – 2000. – # 2.
7. Mozolin V.P., Rjabov A.A. O treh sferah imushhestvennyh otnoshenij, reguliruemyh grazhdanskim zakonodatel'stvom // Zakonodatel'stvo. – 2009. – # 6.
8. Nalivajko S.A. Raschetnyj forvardnyj dogovor v rossijskom grazhdanskom prave: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk:12.00.03. – M.: RGU, 2009.
9. Rahmilovich A.V., Sergeeva Je.Je. O pravovom regulirovanii raschetnyh forvardnyh dogovorov // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2001. – # 2.
10. Suhanov E.A. O sudebnoj zashhite forvardnyh kontraktov. O stat'e E.P.Gubina i A.E.Sherstobitova «Raschetnyj forvardnyj kontrakt: teorija i praktika» // Zakonodatel'stvo. – 1998. – # 11.
11. Citovich P.P. Ocherk osnovnyh ponjatij torgovogo prava. – Kiev: Tip. I.N.Kushnereva i K°, 1886.
 
Tax law
Abdujalilov A.
Legal regulation of taxation in the internet: problems and prospects
During the global economic crisis the designed and regulatory supported fiscal policy plays a significant role in the activity of any country. Nowadays, the size of the financial turnover of the electronic market, i.e. transactions, which were done through Internet, is over 4 trillion Dollars.
At the same time such a gigantic market is practically free from taxation. The reason is the lack of the legally enforceable enactments. Current tax legislation of the CIS countries is formed without considering the peculiarities of the electronic economy. It is based on the legal structure developed in the 90's of last century, when the Internet and electronic ways of doing business did not exist. For these reasons, to ensure the effective enforcement of the subjects of electronic economic responsibilities to pay taxes under the current tax law is basically impossible. Economic relations take place in electronic form and hidden from scrutiny of tax authorities. This ensures absolute latency of tax offenses. The problem of taxation of e-business in the Internet is unsolvable in the absence of legislation, adequate economic circumstances, emerging in the process of introducing new technologies. To take such acts can be based on scientifically established concept of integrated e-government regulation of the economy. Problems of legal regulation of taxation in the Internet should be considered in close connection with the larger legal issues of Internet. The concept of state regulation of e-business is necessary, which should cover the legislative, economic and legal spheres.
Keywords: fiscal policy, taxation, e-economy, e-business, form of the transaction, the Internet, concepts.
Work bibliographic list
1. Braginskij M.I., Vitrjanskij V.V. Dogovornoe pravo. – Kniga pervaja. – M.: Statut, 2005.
2. Grazhdanskoe pravo / Pod red. E.A.Suhanova. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2006.
3. Dashjan M.S. Pravo informacionnyh magistralej. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2007.
4. Dmitrik N.A. Osushhestvlenie sub"ektivnyh grazhdanskih prav s ispol'zovaniem seti Internet. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2006.
5. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan «Ob informacii». Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe, 2002. – # 4. – Ch. 2.
6. Ioffe O.S. Izbr. trudy. – T. 2. – SPb.: Juridicheskij centr Press, 2004.
7. Kemradzh A.S. K voprosu o jurisdikcii gosudarstva v otnoshenii otdel'nyh segmentov seti Internet // Pravovye aspekty ispol'zovanija internet-tehnologij. – 2005. – # 7.
8. Kim N.K. O razvitii jelektronnoj kommercii v gosudarstvah – chlenah EvrAzJeS // Problemy sovremennoj jekonomiki. – 2002. – # 2.
9. Kostjuk I.V. Grazhdansko-pravovoe regulirovanie jelektronnoj torgovli: Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Kazan', 2007.
10. Makarova E.M. Problemy pravovogo regulirovanija ispol'zovanija Interneta v predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti: Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2007.
11. Minenkova N.V. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoe i nacional'no-pravovoe regulirovanie jelektronnoj torgovli: Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2008.
12. Mochenov V.Ju. Pravovoe regulirovanie jelektronnoj kommercii: Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2006.
13. Nalogovyj kodeks Respubliki Tadzhikistan. Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – Dushanbe, 2004. – # 12. – Ch. 1.
14. Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami). – M.: TK «Velbi», 2008.
15. Osipenko A.L. O gosudarstvennom regulirovanii setevogo informacionnogo prostranstva // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2009. – # 8.
16. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Respubliki Tadzhikistan ot 8 avgusta 2001 g. # 389 «O sozdanii Respublikanskoj seti peredachi dannyh i merah po obespecheniju dostupa k mirovym informacionnym setjam».
17. Sektor obshhej teorii i sociologii prava IGP RAN. Teoreticheskie i prakticheskie aspekty razvitija pravovoj sistemy RF v uslovijah globalizacii // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2005. – # 5.
18. Stepanenko E. Jelektronnaja kommercija v Rossii. Osnovnye voprosy // Hozjajstvo i pravo. – 2000. – # 12.
19. Tedeev A.A. Koncepcija pravovogo regulirovanija obshhestvennyh otnoshenij, formirujushhihsja v processe ispol'zovanija informacionnoj seti Internet // Pravo i jekonomika. – 2005. – # 6.
20. Tedeev A.A. Pravovye problemy nalogooblozhenija sub"ektov jelektronnoj jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2002. – # 11.
21. Fisher S., Dornbush R., Shmalenzi R. Jekonomika. – M.: Delo, 2002.
22. Foks U. Razumnoe nalogooblozhenie Interneta // Cit po: Issing O. Novye tehnologii platezhej – vvedenie v monetarnuju politiku. – B.m.: Izd. Evropejskogo banka, 2003.
23. Shamraev A.V. Pravovoe regulirovanie informacionnyh tehnologij. – M.: Statut, 2003.

Criminal law and criminal executive law
Smirnov V.V.
Characteristics of repeatedly convicted violent offenders with mental disorders
The article investigates the identity of violent criminals, identify the characteristics of their mental behavior, draws attention to the peculiarities of their crimes, and proposes measures for the prevention of violent crime and countering them.
Keywords: criminal records, court, rapist, an anomaly, a criminal, violent crime, prevention, mental abnormality, emotion, passion, anger, responsibility
Work bibliographic list
1. Bratus' B.S. Anomalii lichnosti. – M.: Mysl', 1988.
2. Gul'dan V.V. Motivacija prestupnogo povedenija psihopaticheskih lichnostej // Kriminal'naja motivacija. – M., 1986.
3. Enikeev M.I., Kochetkov O.L. Obshhaja, social'naja i juridicheskaja psihologija: Kratkij jenciklopedicheskij slovar'. – M.:Jurid. lit., 1997.
4. Krasnushkin E.K. Prestupniki psihopaty. – M., 1929.
5. Kudrjavcev V.N. Social'nye otklonenija. – M., 1989.
6. Profilaktika otklonjajushhego povedenija i dezadaptivnyh sostojanij sotrudnikov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy: Monografija. – M.: NII FSIN Rossii, 2008.
7. Rubinshtejn S.L. Osnovy obshhej psihologii. – SPb., 1998.
8. Sudebnaja psihiatrija: Uchebnik / Pod red. prof. A.S.Dmitrieva, prof. T.V.Klimenko. – M.: Jurist", 1998.
9. Filosofskij jenciklopedicheskij slovar' / Pod red. E.F.Grubskogo i dr. – M., 1997.
10. Shostakovich B.V. Osnovy sudebnoj psihiatrii. – M.: Izd. Dom GU VShJe, 2005.

Criminal law and criminal executive law
Kairov S.A.
Psychological characteristics of motivation of participation in illegal armed formations
The present article examines the motives of commitment of terrorist acts by members of illegal armed formations and single terrorists. The author draws a conclusion of psychological deviation in behavior of indicated persons.
Keywords: psychology, terrorist, motivation of terrorism, self-affirmation, attraction to death.
Work bibliographic list
1. Melent'eva N. Razmyshlenija o terrorizme // Jelementy: Evrazijskoe obozrenie. – 1996. – # 7.
2. Kruglyj stol zhurnala «Gosudarstvo i pravo». – M., 1994.

Employment law
Zavgorodniy A.V., Akhmatshin V.V.
Pecularities of legal regulation of chief executive officer’s labour in commercial company
Chief Executive Officer’s (CEO’s) labour activity has decisive influence on successive teamwork of all employees of the company. Besides corporate administrative authorities CEO is empowered to exercise entrepreneurial functions of the company. Actually, CEO supervises all business and corporate activity of the company, acts on behalf of the legal entity, performs public obligations of the legal entity, represents the company in relations with business partners, counterparties and third parties. Therefore, multidimensional labour function of CEO is notable for its complicity and diversity, whereas execution of CEO’s labour function has substantial legal effect.
Keywords: Chief Executive Officer (CEO), General Manager (GM), company, legal entity, employer.
Work bibliographic list
1. Glazyrin V.V. Pravovoe regulirovanie truda ispolnitel'nyh rukovoditelej akcionernyh obshhestv // Zakonodatel'stvo i jekonomika. – 1999. – # 11.
2. Golovina S.Ju. Pravovoe regulirovanie truda otdel'nyh kategorij rabotnikov. – M., 2003.
3. Golovina S.Ju. Belye pjatna trudovogo prava // Rossijskij ezhegodnik trudovogo prava. – 2006. – # 2.
4. Grebenshhikov A.V. Kommentarij k Trudovomu kodeksu RF / Otv. red.: A.M.Kurennoj, S.P.Mavrin, E.B.Hohlov. – M., 2007.
5. Zajceva O.B. K voprosu ob osobom trudopravovom statuse rukovoditelja organizacii // Rossijskij ezhegodnik trudovogo prava. – SPb., 2008. – # 3.
6. Ershov V.V., Ershova E.A. Trudovoj dogovor. – M., 2001.
7. Egorov V.I., Haritonov Ju.V. Trudovoj dogovor. – M., 2007.
8. Mavrin S.P., Filippova M.V., Hohlov E.B. Trudovoe pravo Rossii. – SPb.: SPbGU, 2005.
9. Molodcov M.V., Golovina S.Ju. Trudovoe pravo Rossii. – M., 2008

Employment law
Kulakova O.V., Nosov D.V.
Labour legal relationships at transforming the type of a budgetary organization into an autonomous one
The article is dedicated to the consideration of the question of labour legal relations at transforming the type of an existing budgetary organization into an autonomous one.
Keywords: nonprofit organization, autonomous organization, labour legal relations, transforming the type of organization, changing the name of an employer
Work bibliographic list
1. Ershova E.A. Trudovoe pravo v Rossii. – M.: Statut, 2007.
2. Lushnikov A.M., Lushnikova M.V. Kurs trudovogo prava: V 2 t. – T. 1. Istoriko-pravovoe vvedenie. Obshhaja chast'. Kollektivnoe trudovoe pravo. – M.: Prospekt, 2003.
3. Lushnikova M.V., Lushnikov A.M. Kurs trudovogo prava: V 2 t. – T. 2. Trudovye prava v sisteme prav cheloveka. Individual'noe trudovoe pravo: Uchebnik. – M.: TK Velbi: Prospekt, 2004.
4. «O primenenii sudami Rossijskoj Federacii Trudovogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii»: Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 17 marta 2004 g. # 2 // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2006. – 31 dekabrja.
 
Intellectual property law
Popov A.N.
Rights protection of creative results in sports sphere
This article examines recent proposals about reforming of domestic sports legislation. Попов А Н example of The chess composition as the example the author tries to show how the complicacy of revealing the results of intellectual activity in sport. The article considers some creative sports, and than draws a conclusion about the complexity of the copyright objects for different sports. The author also analyses a correlation of legal rules of the 4th part of Russian civil code and Russian legislation about physical culture and sport.
Keywords: sport, objects of sport creation, creative work, results of intellectual activity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev S.V. Sportivnoe pravo Rossii. Pravovye osnovy fizicheskoj kul'tury i sporta / Pod red. prof. P.V.Krasheninnikova. – M.: JuNITI-DANA: Zakon i pravo, 2005.
2. Grishaev S.P. Pravovaja ohrana proizvedenij nauki, literatury i iskusstva kak ob"ektov avtorskogo prava po novomu zakonodatel'stvu Rossijskoj Federacii / Material podgotovlen s ispol'zovaniem pravovyh aktov po sostojaniju na 12 nojabrja 2007 goda dlja sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Dozorcev V.A. Avtorskoe delo v sude: Nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij. – M., 1985.
4. Kashapov N. Specifika regulirovanija intellektual'nyh prav v sfere sporta v Rossijskoj Federacii // IS. Avtorskoe pravo i smezhnye prava. – 2009. – # 2, 3.
5. Margulis M.A. Normotvorchestvo korporativnyh ob"edinenij v oblasti sporta: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2005.

Investment Law
Borgoyakov A.S.
Umbrella clause as the remedy for foreign investor’s rights protection
An increasing number of investment treaty arbitrations involve not only the treaties themselves but also investor-state contracts. The extent of subject matter (rationae materiae) jurisdiction is not uniform under Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs). Some BITs cover only disputes relating to an «obligation under this agreement», i.e. only for claims of BIT violations. Others extend the
jurisdiction to «any dispute relating to investments». Some others create an international law obligation that a host state shall, for example, «observe any obligation it may have entered to»; «observe any obligation it has assumed», and other formulations, in respect to investments. These provisions are commonly called «umbrella clauses», although other formulations have also been used: «mirror effect», «pacta sunt servanda» etc. Clauses of this kind have been added to provide additional protection to investors and are directed at covering investment agreements that host countries frequently conclude with foreign investors. Umbrella clause is analyzed in this article. Investment arbitration tribunals have failed to reach any clear decision about proper construction of umbrella clauses in BITs. That is the reason for more detailed analysis of the clause as the number of disputes involving interpretation of the clause has been risen dramatically since 1998 («Fedax NV v. Republic of Venezuela»).
Keywords: bilateral investment treaty, investment arbitration tribunal, foreign investor, host state, umbrella clause.
Work bibliographic list
1. Labin D.K. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo po zashhite i pooshhreniju inostrannyh investicij. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2008.
2. Ben Hamida W., La clause relative au respect des engagements dans les traités d’investissement, Institut des Hautes Etudes internationals, May 2005 at 21 and arguments of the Parties in SGS v Pakistan, Ibid Note 1.
3. George Mason Law Review Volume 14 // Fall 2006 // Number 1, Jarrod Wong. Umbrella Clause in Bilateral Investment Treaties: of Breaches of Contract, Treaty Violations, and the Divide Between Developing and Developed Countries in Foreign Investment Disputes. P. 135–177 // http://www.law.gmu.edu/gmulawreview (23.02.2010).
4. Letter of the Swiss Secretariat for Economic Affairs to the ICSID Deputy Secretary-General, 1 October, 2003.
5. Noah Rubins, Azizjon Nazarov. Investment Treaties and the Russian Federation: Baiting the Bear? // Business Law International. – 2008. – Vol 9. – #. – May. – P. 100–113.
6. The Origins of the Umbrella Clause In the International Law of Investment protection. // Arbitration International. – 2004. – Vol. 20. – # 4. – P. 411–434.
7. Yannaca-Small K. Interpretation of the Umbrella Clause in Investment Agreements // Working Papers of International Investment, OECD, 2006/3. – P. 29.

Family law
Bahtiarov I.P.
Family-legal relations as the basis of emergence of the rights and duties of citizens in other spheres of legal relations
The author appeals to a problem of use by the legislator of estimated categories and ambiguous concepts of the family and other branch legislation which application assumes an establishment of family-legal relations. On the basis of results of the spent questioning of judges the problem of correct understanding and application of the concepts confirming presence of family-legal relations is investigated.
Keywords: family-legal relations, members of the family, estimated and ambiguous concepts of the legislation, the rights and duties of citizens – members of the family.
Work bibliographic list
1. Marchenko M.N. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnik. – M.: Prospekt, 2008.
2. Korkunov N.M. Lekcii po obshhej teorii prava // Cit. po: Marchenko M.N.
3. Marchenko M.N. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnik. – M.: Prospekt, 2008.

Advocacy and notaries
Ragulin A.V.
On the right of the counsel to collect objects and documents providing the basis for formation of evidences in criminal procedure
The article deals with the problems of securing the realization in practice the right of defense counsel to collect the objects and documents to provide the basis for the formation of evidences in criminal procedure.
Key words: defense attorney, criminal trial, defense counsel's professional rights, implementation of professional rights of lawyer
Work bibliographic list
1. Ivanov V.N. Spravochnik biznes-advokata.– M.: Grossmedia, 2004.
2. Kalacheva S.A., Kalachev E.G. Advokat v arbitrazhnom sude (rassmotrenie jekonomicheskih sporov). – M., 2001.
3. Kalacheva S.A., Kalachev E.G. Advokaty i predstaviteli v grazhdanskom processe. – M.: PRIOR, 2001.
4. Kolokolov N.A. Parallel'noe advokatskoe rassledovanie // Jezh-JuRIST. – 2005. – # 21.
5. Koncepcija sudebnoj reformy v Rossijskoj Federacii. – M., 1992.
6. Procenko T.I. Spravochnik advokata: grazhdanskij i arbitrazhnyj process. – M.: KnoRus, 2005.
7. Ragulin A.V. Obshhie polozhenija uchenija o professional'noj zashhite po ugolovnym delam. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2008.
8. Ragulin A.V. Advokat v ugolovnom processe: Ucheb.-praktich.posob. / Pod obshh. red. I.L.Sherstnevoj. – Rostov n/D: Feniks,2007.
9. Son'kin N.B. Advokat v Evropejskom Sude po pravam cheloveka: Informacionno-metodicheskie materialy i kommentarii. –M.: Jurlitinform, 2004.

Advocacy and notaries
Melnichenko R.G.
The institute of professional responsibility of the lawyer
The new kind of legal responsibility – professional responsibility, and as its subbranches – professional responsibility of the lawyer is proved in the article. Preconditions of occurrence of a new kind of legal responsibility are shown. Here is the comparative analysis of professional responsibility with traditional kinds of legal responsibility such as: criminal, administrative, civil and disciplinary.
Keywords: the lawyer, legal responsibility, professional responsibility, a disciplinary responsibility, corporation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Koblikov A.S. Juridicheskaja jetika. – M., 2003.
2. Kuznecov I.A. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnik. – Volgograd: Izd-vo VAGS, 2004.
3. Professional'naja jetika jurista: Ucheb. posob. – Ekaterinburg, 2004.
4. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Kurs lekcij / Pod red. N.I.Matuzova i A.V.Mal'ko. – M.: Jurist", 1997.

The organization of law enforcement
Fefelov V.V.
The Concept of law Enforcement Activity and its Assessment in the Modern Russian Society
The article gives the author’s point of view on the law enforcement activity in the Russian Federation as well as its assessment by different population and public officers.
Keywords: law enforcement agencies, law enforcement system, law enforcement personnel, population.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akkuchukov U.S., Egoryshev S.V., Lysov G.V. Obshhestvennoe mnenie v upravlenii organami vnutrennih del. – Ufa: Vostochnyj universitet, 2008.
2. Baranovskij N.A. Ocenka dejatel'nosti pravoohranitel'nyh organov v molodezhnoj srede: kriminologicheskij aspekt // Justicija Belarusi. – 2001. – #4.
3. Gladarev B.S. Mutacii djadi Stjopy. Sociologicheskij ocherk // Neva. – 2009. – # 1.
4. Zakljuchenie po proektu federal'nogo zakona «Ob uchastii grazhdan Rossijskoj Federacii v obespechenii pravoporjadka» //
http://asozd.duma.gov.Ru/intranet/kom15.nsf/OpenDocument // Pravovaja sistema «Garant».
5. Zamechanija po proektu Federal'nogo zakona «O zashhite prav i zakonnyh interesov predprinimatelej» // http://summit.siora.Ru/arhiv/ouch5.asp.
6. Ipakjan A.P. Ocenka jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del v mehanizme ih reformirovanija // Trudy Akademii upravlenija MVD Rossii. – 2007. – # 4.
7. Pojakov M.P., Fedulov A.V. Pravoohranitel'nye organy Rossijskoj Federacii: Kratkij kurs lekcij // http://www.Litres. Ru./pages/biblio_book.
8. Sociologicheskie soobshhenija. – 2005. – # 303.
 
Policies of the world
Biryukov P.N.
The police of the Italian republic
In the article on the basis of the foreign legislation analysis legal questions of functioning of police of the Italian republic are considered.
Keywords: Ministry of internal affairs, State police, carabineers, Finance police, Prison police, State forestry.

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International scientific and practical law journal
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Eurasian Law Journal

International scientific and practical
law journal. Included in the VAK RF Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation list

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