CONTENT OF NUMBER
AND SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES

EURASIAN LAW JOURNAL №11(162)2021

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PERSONA GRATA
I.A. Umnova-Konyukhova:
About teachers, constitutional futurology, the constitution of the future and the right to be human
Anniversary interview with Irina Anatolyevna Umnova-Konyukhova, Ph.D. in Law, professor, honorary worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Talimonchik V.P.
International regulation of artificial intelligence at the regional level
Vasyakina E.V.
Legal regulation of integration processes in the Eurasian Economic Union: a compromise of international and domestic law
Kadysheva O.V.
Liability issues in the law of the Eurasian Economic Union
Kovalev V.S.
Sustainable development and the climate agenda as tools for strengthening integration in the Eurasian Economic Union
Meliksetyan A.G.
Actual problems of freedom of movement of workers in the EAEU
Nigmatullin R.V., ShvetsovV.V.
On the problem of the participation of children in armed conflict
Radchenko Yu.A.
Sovereign debt restructuring: the international legal content of the concept
Talimonchik V.P.
Application of the concept of social corporate responsibility to the international legal regulation of artificial intelligence
ShoninN.E.
On the classification of the terrorism
PokrovskaiaN.V.
Exceptions for special protective measures in WTO Law as a basis for Protecting Russia’s National Interests
Rustamova L.R.
Specificity of Germany’s participation in peacekeeping missions abroad
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Morozova A.E.
How the phenomenon of “shareholder activism” originated and evolved in Russia and abroad
 
THE LAW OF FOREIGN STATES
Nguyen Quoc Hung
Vietnam’s Economic Model: features of public administration and investment activity
Nguyen Huy Hoang, Le Vu Nam
Authorized representative as a legal entity by civil procedure law of Vietnam
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Umnova-Koniukhova I.A.
The principle of humanism against transhumanism as a key idea of the development of law in the XXI century
Orlova A.A., Osipov A.P.
On the question of the concept and structure of legal nihilism
Osadchuk E.A.
Electoral branch in the system of branches of state power and its correlation with related categories
Sokolova T.L.
Restrictions on retail sales of alcoholic products established in the Northwestern Federal district
Stepanenko Yu.S., Shevchuk E.P.
Crisis manifestations in lawmaking: certain problems of civil law and theory of law
Chupanova A.C., Ramazanova Z.L.
Interaction of the Prosecutor’s Office with the legislative authority
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Abasov G.H., Mamchenko N.V.
The influence of the Nuremberg Trials on the consolidation of the principle of humanism in the Constitutions of post-war Europe
Golubev A.G.
Control over the appointment and execution of correctional punishments for evasion into heresy in the activities of the Governor’s office in the middle of the XIX century (based on the materials of the Samara province)
Danchevskaya A.V., Gerasimova Yu.R., Kurilo S.N.
Formation of the correctional labor system of Russia at the beginning of the formation of Soviet power(1918 – 1924)
Kutushev G.Z., Kutusheva V.N.
Study of the legal specifics of malfeasance among civil servants of the Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic during the NEP years
Molotkov M.B.
Political and legal concept of Alexey Andreevich Rozhdestvensky
Mukhametov P.A.
Preservation and development of historical cities of Russia in the 1960s – 1970s: issues of legal regulation
Yakovets E.N., Zhuravlenko N.I.
History of relationship of Bulgaria and Russia during the Russian-Turkish and the first World Wars
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Ananjeva E.O., Shmaeva T.A., Ananjeva Z.N.
Tolerance as a personal characteristic of an employee of the electoral system
Gabiyeva S.M.
Problems of implementation of state youth policy in Russia
Gadzhieva D.A.
Origins and development of collective human rights
Gaynetdinova G.S.
Place of the national anti-terrorist committee in the governmental system of countering terrorism in Russia
Gasanov G.A., Ramazanova E.T.
Restrictions of human rights for the purpose of countering terrorism
Dengaev I.B., Ramazanova E.T.
On some problems of determining the content of the right to privacy
Evsikova E.V., Buts S.B.
To the law on the amendment to the Constitution of the Russian Federation – 2020
Isaev M.U., Isaeva K.M.
Constitutional and legal mechanism for the implementation of the principle of political diversity
Kozlova N.V., Kuleshova N.V.
Improving the constitutional and legal regulation of the organization and activities of public authorities in the territories of the subjects of the Russian Federation
Kunets A.G.
On the right to be forgotten as an element of the constitutional right to privacy: through the prism
of foreign experience to the prospects of legal regulation in the Republic of Belarus
Mironova O.A.
The right to privacy in the context of the digitalization of society
Nadin A.N.
Control authority in Russia: current condition and prospects
Soshnikova I.V., Rukoleev V.A.
Information openness as a factor in combating corruption
Fastovich G. G., Kapsargina S. A., Kudashova I. V.
On the issue of information technologies in modern Russia (on the example of the electronic document study management system)
Platoshkina S. Yu.
The child and his constitutional and legal status in the Russian Federation
Yudakova T. N.
Protection of constitutional rights of citizens by diplomatic missions of Ukraine in the context of a pandemic
Okulich A. I.
Discrimination: concept and problems of legislative definition
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Andryukhina I. Yu., Karama L. L.
Legal aspects of personnel policy and personnel work in the system of state and municipal service
Zakopyrin V. N.
Appeal against the application of measures to ensure the proceedings in cases of administrative offenses
Zyryanov I. V., Polikarpov D. I.
Actual problems of preventing family and household torts in modern Russia
Ismagilova A. R.
Interaction of divisions of internal affairs bodies and other bodies in order to prevent offenses committed by minors
Keramova S. N.
Problems of improving the institute of district police officer in the Russian Federation
 
CIVIL LAW
Abdullin A. R.
Litigation of disputes concerning violation of trademark rights from the perspective of consumers
Glebova E. V., Senokyan M.
The emergence of property rights under article 234 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation: problems of acquisition and protection
Gulyaeva T. B., Gnetova L. V., Fabrichnaya L. I.
Legal aspects of insurance legislation at the beginning of the 20th century
Dosova A. V., Khudari A. A., Kotelnikova D. V.
Use of special knowledge in the implementation of control and supervision activities over the sphere of housing and communal services in the 19th century
Ivanova L. A., Usova E. V.
Practical issues of implementation of civil law norms on unjustified enrichment
Ivliev P. V., Ananjeva E. O.
Social responsibility of the massmedia for shaping the values of the population
Karnova I. N.
The civil status of those sentenced to criminal punishment in the form of correctional labor
Koshelyuk B. E., Bolgova A. S.
Grounds for the emergence of optional obligations
Krykova D. D., Matyukhin V. V., Abrosimova E. A.
The doctrine of piecing the corporate veil as one of the mechanisms for extending an arbitration agreement to third parties
Lukmanova I. N.
Actual acceptance of inheritance by conclusive actions
Ovdienko E. B.
To the delimitation of normative legal and individual contract in the light of integrative understanding of law concept
Ogorodnik V. F.
On the question of the admissibility of a contractual clause on limitation of liability in the legislation of the Russian Federation
Nazarova N. A.
Legal institution of bankruptcy of citizens: emergence, development and formation in the modern legal system of the Russian Federation
Pugacheva A. S.
Investment activity as a subject of civil law regulation
Rudykh S. N., Teterskaya O. A.
Terms and procedure of payment for goods, works, services under state and municipal contracts: problems and practice of application
Rykhletsky P. L.
General trends in the development of domestic legislation in the field of land easements
Stepanenko O. G., Cherdakova L. A., Stepanenko Y. S.
To the question of the remote method of sale
Sysoev A. V.
Problems of consumer protection in the case of direct debiting of funds in the cases established by the agreement
Shapoval O. V.
Obligations to transfer property to ownership in Swedish legislation
Ocaqli U. A.
Recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards in the Republic of Turkey
Ananjeva E. O., Shmaeva T. A.
The right of citizens sentenced to criminal punishment in the form of imprisonment to make purchases using remote sales methods and automatic trading
Korostiev A. A.
Genesis of legal protection of intellectual property. From ancient Greek “patents” to the first full-fledged legal act on copyright protection
Koshelyuk B. E., Lebedeva A. A.
Types of injury submitting compensation under civil law
Nikitenko A. M., Chernysheva A. S., Stepanenko O. G.
Problems of distinction and application of the escrow account agreement
Primak V. V., Primak A. V.
On the legal regulation of the share purchase and sale agreement
Kharitonova A. A.
Inaction in civil law: passivity or activity?
 
CIVIL PROCESS
Аrutyunyan M. S., Kurbanov D. A., Khismatullin O. Yu.
Some problems of determining the grounds for labor disputes
Kombarova E. V., Scherbakova O. V.
Analyzing case law concerning employers in educational process involved: finding problematic aspects and legal conflicts
Mogilevskiy G. A., Sanin E. P.
Procedural representation of the military organization of the troops of the National Guard of the Russian Federation in the courts: status, problems, prospects
 
ARBITRATION PROCESS
Neznamov A. V.
On how digital technologies influence the civil procedure model
 
HOUSING LAW
Yarovoy A. V.
Exercise of the housing rights of citizens living in emergency housing
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Grigorjeva O. O.
Features of investment activity when serving in the penal enforcement system
Ovchinnikov E. B., Kovalenko S. A., Chernov Yu. I.
Legal basis for the protection of audit secrets in the Russian Federation
 
TAX LAW
Kazahetsyan G. O., Pukhalov I. A., Chernov Yu. I.
Specificity of taxation during the COVID-19 pandemic
Milova I. E., Azarkhin A. V., Petrov R. V.
Tax benefits as a tool for implementing tax policy
 
ECOLOGICAL LAW
Tsukanova T. G.
Ecological and legal bases of the activity of the Russian penal system
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Avramtsev V. V., Konnov I. A.
The fight against youth terrorism in the educational environment (columbine-schoolshooting) using spiritual and moral values
Asmandiyarova N. R.
Some aspects of the interaction of migration officers with other internal affairs units on combating illegal migration
Tailova A. G., Idrisova A. J.
Features of the institute of amnesty in the criminal law of foreign countries
Eremin S. G., Safonova Yu. S.
Criminal and legal aspects of crimes related to counterfeit products
Zaidova M. U.
On the question of physical and mental coercion as a circumstance excluding the criminality of an act in the criminal law of Russia
Zaynalov T. D., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
Signs that qualify negligence, and directions for optimizing their system
Kadiev K. K., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
The system of punishments for crimes against the person under the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation
Kapitsa V. S., Bushkov D. V.
Cybercrime: the current state and prospects for the development of counteraction measures
Korneva K. A., Kolesnikova E. S.
On the issue of “stalking” as a form of domestic violence through the prism of criminal legislation
Loos E. V.
Some issues of qualification of abuse of office in the presence of signs provided for in paragraphs «a», «c» part 3 of Art. 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Magomedov D. B., Gamidov Sh. I.
Some problems of applying compulsory medical measures to persons with limited sanity
Pavlova A. A, Okonosova N. V.
The concept and criteria for the effectiveness of punishments related to the restriction of the labor rights of convicts
Radchenko O. V., Koykov A. A.
The state of crime in the field of illegal arms trafficking in the territory of the Irkutsk region
Ramazanov A. R., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
The procedure for removing obstacles to the consideration of a criminal case by the prosecutor
Stupina S. A.
Illegal activity in providing consumer loans (loans):qualification issues
Trofimtseva S. Yu.
Unlawful impact on critical infrastructure of the Russian Federation (Article 274.1) as a computer crime? (to the question about its general, species and direct object)
Puchkov D. V.
Retrospective analysis of criminal liability for cybercrime
Tailova A. G., Idrisova A. J.
Internal amnesties or the international norm of anti-punishment
Filippov V. V.
Beatings in Russian legislation: history and modernity
Tsapanova S. S.
Socio-economic factors affecting the system of criminal penalties in wartime conditions
Mussali N.
Assignment and serving of punishment in the form of correctional tasks by the new criminal law of the Republic of Kazakhstan: old name and new content
Dzeytova R. B.
Definition of the crime of aggression in Russian and German law
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Arsenova N. V.
Requirements for a ruling to prosecute as an accused and the legal consequences of non-observance
Baranov P. A.
About a crime claimant’s procedural status at the initial stage of criminal justice
Galimov E. E., Ivanov I. V.
Historical aspects of the preventive measure in the form of a personal guarantee and its modern legal regulation
Gorlova Yu. A., Popenkov A. V., Antimonova S. I.
Comparative-legal analysis of the procedural position of the suspect, according to the legislation of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus
Guseva I. I., Zubkov V. N.
Do the institutions and bodies of the penal enforcement system need the powers of the body of inquiry?
Imaeva Yu. B.
About some features of the preparation and conduct of presentation for identification in cases of mercenary- violent crimes
Kravets E. G., Kuzmin S. V.
Pre-trial proceedings when proving infection with COVID-19
Logachev K. K.
Measures to ensure the safety of the property of a suspect (accused), detained or imprisoned
Topchieva T. V.
About the subject of cooperation agreements in the criminal process of Russia and the Republic of Kazakhstan
Shamshina O. S.
The criminal procedural aspect of the investigator’s activity at the end of the preliminary investigation with the preparation of the indictment
Klevtsov M. I., Pozdnyakova K. A., Tsirkunov M. E.
Indirect evidence in the system of types of evidence in criminal proceedings
Volkhovskiy R. A.
Actual aspects of improving the training of the staff of criminal executive inspectorates in the context of creating a probation system in Russia
Fedorchenko V. S.
Correlation of the principles of criminal proceedings and the general conditions of judicial proceedings in the activities of the court in the implementation of pre-trial control
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Ananjev O. G., Ivliev P. V.
Improving the legal regulation of social work with persons serving sentences
Gridneva M. V.
Criminological characteristics of the personality of a convicted person for compulsory labor at the present stage
Elchaninov A. P.
Organization of management activities in the penal system of the Russian Federation: existing shortcomings and areas of optimization
Zorina N. S.
Suicide among juvenile convicts: factors, causes and prevention
Karhanina L. V.
Implementation by criminal-executive inspectorates monitoring compliance with the terms of the postponement of serving sentences by pregnant women:problematic aspects
Mikheeva S. V., Shlepanov D. V.
Problems arising from the suppression of attempts to transfer prohibited items to pre-trial detention facilities
Ozerskiy S. V., Kameneva I. M.
Problems and peculiarities of RF UIS activities during coronavirus infection (COVID-19)
Rastoropov S. V., Brezhneva K. V.
Qualification of the higher position in the criminal hierarchy on the subject of the crime
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V., Maslennikov E. E.
Issues of ensuring the safety of personnel and other persons visiting correctional institutions
Khoroshko I. V.
On the need to amend part 1 of article 116, part 6 of article 103 of the Criminal Executive Code of the Russian Federation
 
JUDICIARY
Klinchuk S. V.
Issues of prosecutorial supervision over the implementation of the rights of a civil plaintiff in criminal proceedings
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Karpenko O. A., Bronenkova Y. V.
Giving deliberately false testimony by witnesses and victims as an element of a conflict situation
Lonshchakova A. R., Lonshchakova P. A., Lonshchakova A. A.
Analysis of individual cyber incidents. Comprehensive approach to protection against insider threats
Nagoeva M. A.
On the question of establishing an identity based on the signs of appearance
Nazarkin E. V., Suleymanov T. A., Zakharova S. S.
On the issue of improving the algorithm of organization and tactics of production of individual investigative actions when investigating crimes in the field of computer information criminology
Sirotinin D. A.
Some aspects of the application of the remote method of inspection of the scene of the incident for environmental crimes
Shmatov V. M.
On the issue of assaults on drivers of motor vehicles
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Alimpiev S. A., Falkina T. Yu.
The main activities of the state authorities of the Sverdlovsk region and non-governmental organizations for the prevention of non-medical drug use
Efimova M. P.
Institute of family and family values in modern conditions
Kurbatova G. V., Ivanova O. V.
Criminological characteristics and prevention of female crime
Nikitina L. N., Berezina E. V., Dovzhenko A. A.
Formation of psychological stability and readiness of district police officers to use firearms
Nuskhinova O. D.
Issues of sustainable development of small and medium-sized businesses
Rublyova T. Yu., Stupina S. A.
Drug situation monitoring as a means of making managerial decisions in the field of drug addiction prevention
Tokareva E. V.
Mass murder in educational organizations as an object of criminological research
Kurbatova G. V., Ivanova O. V
Criminological characteristics of crime of minors: the present state and prospective directions of counteraction in the Russian Federation
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Ashkhotova L. A., Abazova E. Kh.
Foreign experience in the fight against corruption in the law enforcement system
Kashirgov A. H., Kovalenko E. V.
On the issue of organizational and legal bases of administrative supervision of the police in the Russian Federation
Mokhov A. Yu.
On legal means of preventing professional deformations of the legal consciousness of investigative officers
Tarasova L. Ya.
Experience of corrective labor policy for minors during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945)
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Antonova E. V., Voykova N. A., Kokorev E. N.
Improving the economic security of bank transactions
Bayrushin F. T., Abramov N. R.
Space and national security
 
STATE AND LAW
Andryukhina I. Yu., Pekhova L. L.
The modern paradigm of the development of the Institute of Public Civil Service
Lanovoy V. G.
Legal policy as an element of social management
Mallakurbanov A. A., Abdulaeva I. A.
State strategic planning in the Russian Federation: some legal aspects and political and economic consequences
Parashevina E. A.
On the issue of ensuring the rule of law by the Prosecutor’s Office in the implementation of national programs
Safin F. G., Abramova S. R., Skogorev S. V., Gorbachev M. A.
The manifestation of identities among ethnic groups in multinational Bashkortostan
Shercnianykh A. S.
The use of modern information technology in the judicial system
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Ashkhotova L. A., Abazova E. Kh.
The role of the educational function of modern legal culture
Emelyanova A. M.
Features and potential of conducting extracurricular activities at the law institute
Zaikina K. R., Konovalova E. A.,
Kazamirov A. I., Filippov O. A.
Export of educational services in Russia
Zinchenko N. V., Repin V. A.
Twisting the hand inside (the arm lever inside) as a universal technique for solving tasks related to the assistant’s freedom of movement limitation
Kormakov A. E., Chinovnikov A. I.
Determination of the moment of shot in the case of a fire contact
Smirnova M. I.
The formation of culture of consuming information as the basis of information culture of students of higher educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
Shemetova J. M.
Education funding in the United States during the coronavirus pandemic
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Kantor O. G., Kostyleva E. G.,
Grogulenko N. V., Сheremiskin A. A.
Reputation capital of a university teacher: methodology and results of search research
Economy . Law . Society
Andreev L. A.
Main operational indices of the banking system in Afghanistan
Bikmukhametov I. F., Fazrakhmanov I. I.
Some questions of assessing the social effect of the activities of social enterprises
Garipova G.R., Silivanetz A.V.
Geocultural branding: concept, foundations, tools
Kadesnikova O. V., Sabirov T. I.
Approaches to the organization of risk-based management accounting at oil and gas industry enterprises
Kuzmicheva A. A.
Trust in an organization is a “path to nowhere” or an effective tool for managing employees in a crisis
Leybert T. B., Ismagilova A.V.
Financial management of the processes of investment reproduction of fixed capital in oil and gas companies
Li Changzhu, Wang Xiaoyu
Research strategies for assessing the quality of training of public basic courses in chinese universities in the background of deepening educational reform
Mukhamadiyeva E. F., Galimullina S. R.,
Galimullina N. A., Abramov I. R.
Statistical analysis of the economic security of the region
Pleshivtseva А. А.
Organizational structure of tourism business management in Russia
Terekhov I. G., Zenkova V. G.,
Terekhova L. A., Kalmykova E. N., Morozova A. F.
Assessment of the replacement cost of buildings (structures)
Kruglov S. A.
Consumer price index (CPI) forecasting using neural networks
Grosheva V. A., Karpikova M. O., Sechina V. A.
The impact of management functions on the effectiveness of the organization
Aldatov K. B.
Government support of blockchain technology
Popova T. V., Chernyaev A. M.
The main threats to the economic security of departments and institutions of the penal system in the procurement of food products and ways to overcome them
Prokopenko V. V.
Economic stability of higher education during the coronavirus
Pyatak N. A.
The use of scientific approaches to airport management in the Russian Federation
Tasmukhanova A. E., Dubinina A. I., Zakharova I. M.
Formation of a competency model for an HR specialist
Philosophy . Law . Society
Rakhmatullina Z. Ya., Itkulova L. A.
The role of needs in the formation of a worldview
Bagrova E. V.
Education as a means of involvement in modern civil society
Bondarenko V. N.
On the correlation of the concepts of “this world” and “the other world” in the context of neutral philosophy
Vildanov Кh. S., Munirov M. A.
Aesthetics of the urban environment as a world outlook
Galchenkova V. Yu., Zueva E. K., Levshina K. V.
Philosophy of education as a process of designing new knowledge of pedagogy
Gofman A. A., Timoschuk A. S.
Post-Soviet patriotism in search of a staples for Russia
Zubkov S. A.
Ecophilic philosophy and Christian theological projects
Ivanova E. V., Penionzhek E. V.
Application of philosophical knowledge in the process of investigating criminal cases in the field of crimes against property
Abrarova Z. F., Sadretdinova E. V.
Linguistic identification in the system of ethnic identity and interethnic communications in a multiethnic region (on the example of the Republic of Bashkortostan)
Bagrova E. V., Musabirova E. I.
Inefficiency of the existing law enforcement system
Kostina О. V., Kuznetsova M. B.
On issue of understanding culture in the digital age (energy aspect)
Kuleshov V. E., Danilchenko S. A.
Army and politics
Mayatskaya O. B., Abrarova Z. F.
Language in the age of artificial intelligence, digital environment and digital communications
Musabirova E. I.
Online education as a challenge to modern society
Openkov M. Yu., Tetenkov N. B.
Recreating human society and digital States on the web
Parilov O. V., Sobko R. V.,
Vorokhobov A. V., Dyakonov A. V.
Russian freemason M. M. Shcherbatov: a manifesto of Russian conservatism, traditionalism
Pugin V. B.
Quality of life: the edge of problems in the focus of philosophy
Ravochkin N. N.
Human rights institution formation and transformation:socio-philosophical analysis (part 1)
Tvorogova N. N.
Constructive conflict in activities of internal affairs officers
Shutaleva A. V., Tsiplakova Yu. V., Putilova E. A.
Law and morality in the philosophical and religious search of domestic thinkers of the end of the 19th – beginning of the 20th centuries
Tumanyan G. V.
Anthroposociality in a philosophical context. Anthropocentric public administration as a trend of a new sociality
Pozdyaeva S. M.
Socialization of the personality in parallel social spaces: expansion of the life world or the apotheosis of performance
Suleymanova R. Р.
Charity crowdfunding as a form of social communication
 
BOOK REVIEW
Saliya M. R.
A textbook that everyone needs. Book review:Bekyashev K. A. Fundamentals of international law: a textbook. - M.: Prospect, 2022. - 624 p.
 
INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Talimonchik V.P.
International regulation of artificial intelligence at the regional level
The purpose of the research undertaken in the article is to identify regional features of the formation of mechanisms of regulation of artificial intelligence. The methods of analysis and synthesis, the problem-theoretical method, as well as comparative legal and formal logical methods were used in the study. The study revealed that the regulation of artificial intelligence within the EU can serve as a model for other regional international organizations. Within the EU, solutions have already been proposed to a number of significant problems of artificial intelligence regulation: the definition of artificial intelligence, assigning responsibility for actions committed using artificial intelligence, ensuring human rights when using artificial intelligence, as well as special principles for regulating social, ethical and legal aspects of the creation and use of artificial intelligence. The African Union is also taking measures to regulate artificial intelligence, within the framework of which the African Union Working Group on Artificial Intelligence has been established.
Keywords: digital divide, regions, artificial intelligence, information and communication systems, international law, international organizations, international legal regulation of artificial intelligence, European Union, African Union, Caribbean Community.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bainbridge D.I. Introduction to Information Technology Law. 6th ed. - Edinburg: Pearson Education Limited, 2008. - 665 p.
2. Bell R., Ray N. EU Electronic Communications Law. -Richmond: Richmond Law and Tax Ltd. 2004. - 285 p.
3. Campbell D., Ban C., editors. Legal Issues in the Global Information Society. - New York: Oceana Publications Inc., 2005. - 758 p.
4. Dickie J. Internet and Electronic Commerce Law in the European Union. - Oxford: Hart Publishing Ltd. 1999.- 154 p.
5. Jordana J. Governing Telecommunications and the New Information Society in Europe. - Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 2002. - 261 p.
6. Lloyd I.J. Information Technology Law. 5th ed. - Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. – 597 p.
7. Rowland D., Macdonald E. Information technology law. 3rd ed. - Abingdon: Cavendish Publishing Ltd., 2005. - 573 p.
8. Rowland D, Kohl U, Charlesworth A. Information Technology Law. 5th ed. - London: Routledge, 2017.-549 p.
9. Shaw T.J. Information and Internet Law: Global Practice.- Createspace Independent Publishing Platform, 2016. -454 p.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Vasyakina E.V.
Legal regulation of integration processes in the Eurasian Economic Union: a compromise of international and domestic law
The article examines the features of the legal regulation of integration in the Eurasian Economic Union – the most promising integration association of post-Soviet countries, which has an international legal nature and integration goals. The achievement of such today is ensured by the law of the Union, which currently determines the functioning of the organizational mechanism of the association, the construction of a single internal market, implements a single customs regulation and establishes a single trade regime. Regulating customs cooperation and the construction of the internal market, the norms of the EAEU law do not resolve issues of circulation of a particular type of goods, as well as issues of transport, migration, currency and tax nature, and also do not establish uniform mechanisms for the uniform application of the law of the Union. If certain problematic aspects are not resolved in the law of the EAEU, they are regulated by the norms of bilateral treaties of the EAEU member states, as well as domestic law. Based on this, the article concludes that legal regulation in the EAEU is a compromise of international and domestic law, which in itself hinders the further progressive development of
integration processes in the Union.
Keywords: Eurasian Economic Union, Eurasian integration, EAEU law, problems of application of law, sources of EAEU law, compromise of international and domestic law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonova E. I., Belousova T. I. Problemy ispol'zovanija tehnologii predvaritel'nogo informirovanija v morskih punktah propuska // Sovremennye informacionnye tehnologii i IT-obrazovanie,2017. – Tom 13, # 4. – S. 180-187.
2. Ispolinov A. S., Kadysheva O. V. Statut suda EAJeS:vozmozhnye puti modernizacii // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 11: Pravo. – 2021. # 5. –S. 28-46.
3. Kashkin S. Ju., Chetverikov A. O. Osnovy integracionnogo prava. – M.: Prospekt, 2014. – 224 s.
4. Lukashuk I. I. Normy mezhdunarodnogo prava v pravovoj sisteme Rossii. – M., 1997. – 442 s.
5. Lunc L. A. Mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo. Obshhaja chast'. – M., 1973. – S. 176.
6. Morozova L. V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik. 5-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: NORMA: INFRA-M, 2014. – S. 318.
7. Javich L. S. Ob issledovanijah mehanizma dejstvija prava // Sov. gos-vo i pravo. – 1973. – # 8. – S. 26-32.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Kadysheva O.V.
Liability issues in the law of the Eurasian Economic Union
The issues of international responsibility continues to be one of the most debatable topics among academic debates and in the decisions of international courts and tribunals. The applicability of rules of international responsibility to the regional organizations of economic integration such as the European Union and the Eurasian Economic Union with its specifics and private persons as subjects of relevant legal orders remains very controversial. Such factors already triggered the refusal of Court of Justice of the EU to apply traditional international form of international responsibility and to elaborate its own autonomous and self-sufficient set of legal remedies including compensation for damage occurred. The Eurasian Economic Union currently faces the same challenges lacking at the same time any normative background for such approach. This weakness may force private persons and member states to use remedies available in other legal orders creating therefore the risks of conflicting interpretation of the EAEU legal rules and its fragmentation.
Keywords: The Court of the EAEU, Statute of the EAEU Court, international responsibility, Drafts articles of international responsibility, compensation for damage, EU public liability law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ispolinov A. S. Principy avtonomnosti i prioriteta prava ES kak oruzhie Suda Evropejskogo sojuza v konflikte s investicionnymi arbitrazhami. Chast' 1. Delo Achmea // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 2. – S. 56-77.
2. Kadysheva O.V. K voprosu ob otvetstvennosti Rossijskoj Federacii za reshenija, prinjatye Evrazijskoj jekonomicheskoj komissiej // Gosudarstvennyj suverenitet i verhovenstvo prava: mezhdunarodnoe i nacional'noe izmerenija. II Moskovskij juridicheskij forum (Kutafinskie chtenija). (2-4 aprelja 2015g., Moskva): plenarnye doklady i materialy konferencij. Moskva: Prospekt, 2015. 400s. — Prospekt Moskva, 2015. — S. 188-193.
3. Kadysheva O.V. K voprosu ob otvetstvennosti Rossijskoj Federacii za reshenija, prinjatye Evrazijskoj jekonomicheskoj komissiej// Gosudarstvennyj suverenitet i verhovenstvo prava: mezhdunarodnoe i nacional'noe izmerenija. II Moskovskij juridi-
cheskij forum (Kutafinskie chtenija). (2-4 aprelja 2015 g., Moskva): plenarnye doklady i materialy konferencij. Moskva: Prospekt, 2015. 400 s. — Prospekt Moskva, 2015. — S. 188-193.
4. Kozheurov Ja.S. Voprosy prava mezhdunarodnoj otvetstvennosti v reshenii Suda EAJeS ot 21 fevralja 2017 goda po delu «Rossijskaja Federacija protiv Respubliki Belarus'» // Lex russica. – 2017. – # 12.– S. 133-146.
5. Popova A.N. Rassmotrenie sporov s mezhdunarodnymi sluzhashhimi v Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze:real'nost' i perspektivy // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. — 2018. — # 6 (121). — S. 15-18.
6. Buscemi, Martina. The non-justiciability of thirdparty claims before UN internal dispute settlement mechanisms. The ‘politicization’ of (financially) burdensome questions, in Questions of International Law, Z (2020). rr. 23-49.
7. Fink, Melanie. The Action for Damages as a Fundamental Rights Remedy: Holding Frontex Liable // German Law Journal (2020), 21, pp. 532-548.
8. Möldner, Mirka. Responsibility of International Organizations – Introducing the ILC’s DARIO. Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law Online, 2012, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 282-327.
9. Phelan, William. The Revolutionary Doctrines of European Law and the Legal Philosophy of Robert Lecourt // The European Journal of International Law. – Vol. 28. – No. 3. – R. 935-957.
10. Wouters, J. and Odermatt, J. Are All International Organizations Created Equal // International Organizations Law Review. – 2012. – # 9 (1). – R. 7-14.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Kovalev V.S.
Sustainable development and the climate agenda as tools for strengthening integration in the Eurasian Economic Union
The article investigates the implementation of the sustainable development concept and the climate agenda in the Eurasian Economic Union, focusing on the legal regulation and international context. An overview of the main action areas at the national and supranational levels is provided. The author attends to highlight the importance of the EAEU’s competence expansion and proposes possible ways to reach this goal. He particularly underlines the possible impact of the due implementation of the international legal personality of the EAEU in the concerned spheres, including within the framework of the Greater Eurasian Partnership.
Keywords: Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), Eurasian integration, sustainable development, Sustainable Development Goals, climate agenda, Paris Agreement, international legal personality.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Braterskij M.V., Jentina E.G., Jentin M.L. Kak Evrazii podgotovit'sja k evropejskomu zelenomu kursu// Rossija v global'noj politike. 2021. # 4. S. 205-218.
2. Zeljonaja jekonomika i celi ustojchivogo razvitija dlja Rossii: kollektivnaja monografija / pod nauch.red. S. N. Bobyljova, P. A. Kirjushina, O. V. Kudrjavcevoj. M.: Jekonomicheskij fakul'tet MGU imeni M. V. Lomonosova, 2019. 284 c.
3. Novikova E.V. Jekologo-pravovoe regulirovanie na jetape razvitija zelenoj jekonomiki v Rossii // Jekologicheskoe pravo. 2020. # 4. S. 9-16.
4. Pankina A.A., Gorbanjov V.A. Perspektivy zeljonoj jekonomiki kak novoj paradigmy razvitija// Vestnik MGIMO-Universiteta. 2019. # 12 (5).S. 134-155.
5. Strezhneva M.V. Nadnacional'nost' i princip subsidiarnosti v ES i za ego predelami // Mirovaja jekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija. 2016.T. 60. # 6. S. 5-14.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Meliksetyan A.G.
Actual problems of freedom of movement of workers in the EAEU
The Eurasian states’ cooperation in the field of labour migration has a long history. The establishment of the Eurasian Economic Union in 2015 marks the beginning of a fundamentally new stage, which is characterized by the free movement of workers in Eurasia, subject to the conditions stipulated by the founding treaty, other international treaties and acts of the Union bodies. The current period of cooperation between the Member States in this area is marked by the emergence of new challenges, such as digitalization and the need to create unified information systems and to meet urgent needs to expand cooperation with other international organizations in the region, and many others. A significant factor in the destabilization of existing migration flows is the COVID-19 pandemic, which poses a number of new problems for the States of the region that require immediate solutions.
Keywords: the EAEU, the CIS, freedom of movement, labour migration, workers, “Work without borders”, illegal migration, social security, pensions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aliev S.B. Trudovaja migracija i social'noe obespechenie trudjashhihsja v Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze. M.: Evrazijskaja jekonomicheskaja komissija, 2016. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.eurasiancommission.org/ru/Documents/spreads.pdf.
2. Bokova L. N. Tendencii rossijskoj migracionnoj politiki v perspektive evrazijskoj integracii //Analiticheskij vestnik. 2017. # 19 (767).
3. Davletgil'deev R.Sh. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoe regulirovanie trudovoj migracii v Evrazijskom regione: popytka priblizit'sja k svobode peredvizhenija rabotnikov? // Zhurnal issledovanij social'noj politiki. 2018. # 4.
4. Ivanchak A.I. Pravovoe regulirovanie truda rabotnikov-migrantov stran EAJeS // Pravo i upravlenie: XXI vek. 2015. # 3.
5. Lushnikova M.V., Rahmankulov K.S., Tomashevskij K.L. Evrazijskoe trudovoe pravo. M.: Prospekt, 2018.
6. Poletaev D. Reshenie problem trudovoj migracii v kontekste Evrazijskogo Sojuza (analiticheskij otchet). Avstrija, 2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.pragueprocess.eu/documents/repo/176/Analytical_report_Labour_migration_EAEU_RU.pdf.
7. Habrieva T.Ja. Migracionnoe pravo: sravnitel'no-pravovoe issledovanie: monografija. IZiSP, Jurisprudencija, 2019.
8. Jentin K.V., Pirker B. Svobodnoe dvizhenie lic v EAJeS: mezhdu Civis Eurasiaticus i Homo Oeconomicus// Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie. 2020. # 1.
9. Jun. S. Svoboda peremeshhenija uslug v EAJeS k 2025 godu – Analiticheskij material Rossijskogo soveta po mezhdunarodnym delam, 15.06.2017. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://russiancouncil.ru/analytics-and-comments/analytics/svobodaperemeshcheniya-
uslug-v-eaes-k-2025-godu/.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Nigmatullin R.V., Shvetsov V.V.
On the problem of the participation of children in armed conflicts
Various aspects of the international community’s opposition to the participation of children in armed conflicts are examined in the article. The relevance of such a problem as the violation of children’s rights which have existed for decades even after the announcement of their importance for the development of mankind is emphasized. The activity of the UN, its structures on counteracting the recruitment of children into armed forces or their involvement in hostilities is considered. The UN notes the importance of the threat of modern online terrorism to children. The practice of the International Criminal Court plays a significant role. So UNICEF plays a key role in the development of various programs aimed at solving the problem. Judicial decisions, humanitarian actions, the fight against terrorism undoubtedly bring significant benefits and help to counteract the children involvement in military conflicts. However, the main obstacles to the involvement of children in hostilities to be resolve dare: the eradication of poverty, blurring the boundaries between rich and poor, society democratization, the rule of law at the national and international levels.
Keywords: military conflicts, UN, children, Rome Statute, UNICEF, international law, International Criminal Court, terrorism, ISIS.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borchenko V. A., Dolganova N. V. Zashhita prav nesovershennoletnih v period vooruzhennyh konfliktov // Vestnik Prikamskogo social'nogo instituta.– 2016. – # 1 (73). – S. 19-23.
2. Glotova S. V. Prestuplenija protiv chelovechnosti:genezis i sovremennoe ponimanie koncepcii //Zhurnal zarubezhnogo zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija. – 2016. – # 3. – S. 101-108.
3. Golubeva T. Ju., Afanas'ev M. A. Rol' OON v zashhite prav rebenka // Tavricheskij nauchnyj obozrevatel'.– 2015. – # 4. – S. 145-149.
4. Mezhdunarodnoe ugolovnoe pravosudie: Sovremennye problemy / Pod red. G. I. Bogusha, E. N. Trikoz.– M.: Institut prava i publichnoj politiki, 2009.– 749 s.
5. Mustafaeva M. M. Verbovka i ispol'zovanie detej-soldat kak ser'eznoe narushenie mezhdunarodnogo gumanitarnogo prava // Vestnik RUDN. Serija: Juridicheskie nauki. – 2013. – # 2. – S. 256-264.
6. Rebenok v sovremennoj Rossii: prava, vozmozhnosti, sistema zashhity. [Tekst]: monografija / R. V. Nigmatullin, R. R. Karimov, A. A. Romanov. – Ufa, 2015. – 217 s.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Radchenko Yu.A.
Sovereign debt restructuring: the international legal content of the concept
Contemporary international law lacks a clear understanding of category content of the sovereign debt restructuring. This often leads to a misunderstanding or confusion of the relevant legal categories used in international financial law, which in its turn creates objective difficulties in the theoretical understanding of restructuring as specific legal relationships. This article aims to clarify the content of the concept of «sovereign debt restructuring» based on the analysis of doctrinal positions of various researchers and practices of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), to identify the main criteria of restructuring as an economic and legal phenomenon that differ it from other legal procedures, and to distinguish this concept from other related categories, such as «public debt management», «default», «event of default».
Keywords: sovereign debt, debt restructuring, default, public debt management, international financial law, international debt relationships, International monetary fund (IMF).
Workbibliographiclist
1. Anufrieva L.P. Sootnoshenie mezhdunarodnogo publichnogo i mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo prava (sravnitel'noe issledovanie pravovyh kategorij): avto-ref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. - M., 2004. - 53 c.
2. Gorlatov D. Restrukturizacija suverennogo dolga:ponjatie, process, problematika // Bankaўskі vesnіk.- 2017. - # 10. - C. 51-60.
3. Levin D.B. Osnovnye problemy sovremennogo mezhdunarodnogo prava. - M., 1958. - 275 s.
4. Ams J., Baqir R., Gelpern A., Trebesch C. Sovereign Default // Ali Abbas S., Pienkowski A., Rogoff K.(ed.). Sovereign Debt: A Guide for Economists and Practitioners. - Oxford University Press, 2020. - P. 275-327.
5. Bogdandy A. von, Goldmann M. Sovereign Debt Restructurings as Exercises of International Public Authority // C. Esposito, J.P. Bohoslavsky, Y. Li (ed.).Sovereign Financing and International Law. – Oxford University Press, 2013. - P. 39-72.
6. Das U.S., Papaioannou M.G., Trebesch C. Sovereign Debt Restructurings 1950–2010: Concepts, Literature Survey, and Stylized Facts // IMF Working Papers. -August, 2012. - 127 p.
7. Grund S. The Holdout Creditor Problem – Restructuring Sovereign Debt in Argentina and Greece. – Vienna, 2018. - R. 391.
8. Medeiros C.I., Ramlogan P., Polan M. A Primer on Sovereign Debt Buybacks and Swaps // IMF Working Papers. - 07/58. - 2007. - P. 49.
9. Megliani M. Sovereign Debt: Genesis-Restructuring-Litigation. - London-New York, 2015. - P. 604.
10. Papaioannou M.G. Exchange Rate Risk Measurement and Management: Issues and Approaches for Public Debt Managers. // South-Eastern Europe Journal of Economics. - 2009. - # 7(1). - P. 7-34.
11. Waibel M. Sovereign Defaults before International Courts and Tribunals (PhD thesis, University of Vienna 2008). – Vienna, 2008 - P. 361.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Talimonchik V.P.
Application of the concept of social corporate responsibility to the international legal regulation of artificial intelligence
The purpose of the research undertaken in the article is to substantiate the possibility of applying the concept of social corporate responsibility in the development of the mechanism of international legal regulation of artificial intelligence. The methods of analysis and synthesis, the problem-theoretical method, as well as formal-logical and system-structural methods were used in the study. The study revealed that the UNESCO draft resolution on the ethical aspects of the use of artificial intelligence is unique not only because it is the first such document at the universal level, but also in connection with the formulation of the basic values and special principles of regulation of artificial intelligence, which should be implemented by all subjects involved in the development and use of artificial intelligence. The results of the study can be applied in the development of corporate rules by developers and users of artificial intelligence.
Keywords: social corporate responsibility, social responsibility, artificial intelligence, UNESCO, ethical aspects of the use of artificial intelligence, information and communication systems, international law, international organizations, international legal regulation of artificial intelligence, the subject of artificial intelligence-related activities.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bainbridge D. I. Introduction to Information Technology Law. 6th ed. - Edinburg: Pearson Education Limited, 2008. - 665 p.
2. Blowfild M., Murray A. Corporate Responsibility: a critical introduction. - Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. - 452 p.
3. Campbell D., Ban C., editors. Legal Issues in the Global Information Society. - New York: Oceana Publications Inc., 2005. - 758 p.
4. Hopkins M. Corporate Social Responsibility and International Development. Is Business is Solution? -London: Routledge, 2008. - 243 p.
5. Kotler F., Lee N. Corporate Social Responsibility: doing the Most Good for your Company and your Cause. -Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons Inc, 2005. - 307 p.
6. Kulesza J. International Internet Law. 2nd ed. - London: Routledge, 2013. - 194 p.
7. Lloyd I.J. Information Technology Law. 5th ed. - Oxford:Oxford University Press, 2008. – 597 p.
8. Murray A. Information Technology Law: Law and Society. - Oxford: Oxford university press, 2010. - 596 p.
9. Rowland D., Macdonald E. Information technology law. 3rd ed. - Abingdon: Cavendish Publishing Ltd., 2005. - 573 p.
10. Rowland D, Kohl U, Charlesworth A. Information Technology Law. 5th ed. - London: Routledge, 2017. -549 p.
11. The Oxford Handbook of Corporate Social Responsibility / Ed. by Crane A., McWilliams A., Matten D., Moon J., Siegel D. -Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008. – 590 p.
12. Weissbrodt D. UN Human Rights Norms for Business //International Law Forum. - 2005. - # 7. - 290 p.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Shonin N.E.
On the classification of the terrorism
The article considers the forms of the contemporary terrorism and notes four new traits. Firstly: even the traditional traits of the terrorism assume the international nature, as long as the terrorist acts concern more often the interests of other countries. Secondly: we can observe now a tendency to joining of the transnational terrorism with the transnational organized crime specially in the area of methods of financing of the terrorist groups. Thirdly: the analysts note the appearance of the terrorist groups with a nontraditional motivation of their activity. Fourthly: some states use the terrorist groups to destabilize the situation in the «intractable» states. All this
induces the world community to take the strong actions to struggle against the terrorism on a global scale.
Keywords: terrorism, transnational terrorism, islamistic terrorism, counterterrorism measures, state, cooperation, UNO, UN Security Council, international security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ahromeeva Ju. V. Sociokul'turnye osnovy religioznogo jekstremizma / avtoref. dis ... kand. filos. nauk:09.00.13. — Voronezh: VGASU, 2009. — 19 s.
2. Gejfman A. Revoljucionnyj terror v Rossii, 1894—1917 / Per. s angl. E. Dorman. — M.: KRON-PRESS, 1997 — 448 s. - (Serija «Jekspress») ISBN 5-232-00608-8, razdel «JeKSPROPRIACII».
3. Lenin V. I. Zadachi otrjadov revoljucionnoj armii //V. I. Lenin PSS. - T. 11. - S. 341-342.
4. Nigmatullin R. V. Prestuplenija mezhdunarodnogo haraktera kak odna iz sovremennyh ugroz pravam cheloveka // Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. – 2009. – # 2 (47). – S. 27-30.
5. Nigmatullin R. V. Blizhnevostochnyj vektor neftegazovoj strategii Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 12 (151). – S.18-21.
6. Pozner S. Dejatel'nost' pervoj boevoj organizacii bol'shevikov v 1905–1907 gg. // Pervaja boevaja organizacija bol'shevikov 1905-1907 gg. / sost. Pozner S. M.— M., L.: Gosizdat, 1934. — 305 s.
7. Die Grünen. Das Bundesprogramm. Bonn, 2. – Auflage, 1982.
8. Mettke J. R. Auf beidenFlügeln in die Höhe. In: Mettke J.R. (Hrsg.) Die Grünen – Regierungspartner von morgen? Spiegel-Buch, Rowohlt-Verlag. – Hamburg, 1982. – S. 13-37.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Pokrovskaia N.V.
Exceptions for special protective measures in WTO Law as a basis for Protecting Russia’s National Interests
Within the framework of the article, the issues of the application of special protective measures in the framework of the harmonization of WTO rules on trade liberalization with the need to protect Russia’s national interests are considered. The substantive and procedural requirements for the application of special protective measures in the general context of exceptions to the main provisions of GATT 1994 or GATS are consistently disclosed. The application of special protective measures in special cases is analyzed and practical examples are given. The obligation of the WTO member state to restore the balance of mutual rights and obligations of participants in world trade agreed by WTO members after the application of special protective measures is noted.
Keywords: World Trade Organization, special protective measures, damage, compensation, non-discrimination.
Work bibliographic list
1. General'noe soglashenie po tarifam i torgovle (GATT) (VTO, Urugvajskij raund mnogostoronnih torgovyh peregovorov, 15 aprelja 1994 g.) // Zakon. -2000. - # 5.
2. General'noe soglashenie po torgovle uslugami (GATS) (VTO, Urugvajskij raund mnogostoronnih torgovyh peregovorov, 15 aprelja 1994 g.) // Prilozhenie k Sobraniju zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - # 37. - 10.09.2012. (ch. VI).
3. Soglashenie po zashhitnym meram (VTO, Urugvajskij raund mnogostoronnih torgovyh peregovorov, 15 aprelja 1994 g.) // Prilozhenie k Sobraniju zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - # 37. -10.09.2012. (ch. VI).
4. Antonova D. Ju. Princip nauchnogo obosnovanija i ocenki riska kak indikator diskriminacii v mezhdunarodnoj torgovle v ramkah prava VTO //Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. – 2021.– # 1. – S. 29-32.
5. Balabin O. I. Primenenie jekonomicheskih sankcij v otnoshenii Rossii v kontekste prava VTO // Tamozhennoe delo. – 2021. – # 2. – S. 9-12.
6. Moga I. S. Osobennosti primenenija zashhitnyh mer v RF v ramkah chlenstva v VTO i EAJeS // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. – 2018. – # 10 (99). – S. 151-154.
7. Petrov A. A. Sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija mer zashhity vnutrennego rynka // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj studencheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 12. – S. 293-297.
8. Ratushnjak E. S. Sovremennye mery zashhity vnutrennego rynka EAJeS // Nauchnoe obozrenie: teorija i praktika. – 2018. – # 4. – S. 6-14.
9. Chuvahina L. G. Itogi ministerskoj konferencii VTO v Bujenos-Ajrese // Mezhdunarodnaja jekonomika. – 2018. – # 4. – S. 81-86.
10. Shijanov A. V. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye aspekty primenenija zashhitnyh mer i pravil dostupa na rynki v jenergeticheskom sektore // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2016. – # 11 (102). – S. 35-38.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Rustamova L.R.
Specificity of Germany’s participation in peacekeeping missions abroad
The past decade in Germany has been marked by a “new culture of responsibility” under which efforts are being made to expand Germany’s presence in hot spots through peacekeeping and humanitarian and peacebuilding missions. The purpose of this article is to analyze the specifics of Germany’s peacekeeping missions abroad. The study is based on an analysis of documents regulating Germany’s participation in peacekeeping operations abroad, analysis of secondary sources of information, as well as materials from the websites of the German Foreign Ministry, the Bundeswehr and non-governmental organizations that ensure Germany’s participation in the provision of humanitarian aid and peacebuilding abroad, which is an important component of Germany’s peacekeeping operations.
Keywords: new culture of responsibility, peacemaking, fourth-generation peace operations, peacebuilding, Germany, Bundeswehr, NGO.
Work bibliographic list
1. Lebedeva M. M., Rustamova L. R., Sharko M. V. «Mjagkaja sila»: temnaja storona (na primere Germanii) // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. - 2016. - # 3 (48). - S. 144–153.
2. Rustamova L. R. Faktor «mjagkoj sily» v global'nom upravlenii na primere Germanii // V sbornike: Global'noe upravlenie. Materialy VIII Konventa RAMI. Mezhsekcionnyj sbornik. - # 2. - 2015. - S. 81-90.
3. Rustamova L. R. Social and humanitarian cooperation between Russia and Germany in the conditions of sanctions //Political Science Issues. - 2019. - T. 9. - # 3 (33). - P. 304-310.
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Morozova A.E.
How the phenomenon of “shareholder activism” originated and evolved in Russia and abroad
Shareholder activism has become an important and integral part of the corporate governance reality. A balanced and reasonable active position of shareholders contributes to improving the quality of corporate governance. The opposite is the passive position of shareholders, or an unscrupulous and thoughtless active position. The article covers the antecedents of “shareholder activism” from a historical point of view, the factors (such as ownership structure, shareholder structure, government policy) that affect the development (or suspension of development) of shareholder activity in some countries (USA, UK, Russia). The study will further investigate the evolution of the methods of influencing activist shareholders and the corresponding regulatory restrictions on their activities.
Keywords: shareholder activism, corporate governance, ownership structure, shareholder structure.

THE LAW OF FOREIGN STATES
Nguyen Quoc Hung
Vietnam’s Economic Model: features of public administration and investment activity
The formation of new economic models in Vietnam began after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The Vietnamese Communist Party has approved a new economic development policy with the Doi Moi brand (Updated). Vietnam retained the main achievements of socialism:these achievements included the leadership of the country by the Communist Party in the absence of opposition parties, the preservation of state property in a mixed economy during the transition period, bypassing the capitalist stage of development. The reform is aimed at a comprehensive renewal of the economy, the transition of the economy from self-sufficiency and self-sufficiency to a socialist market economy with state control.
12th Congress of the Vietnamese Communist Party in January 2016 announced the restructuring and renewal of the economy and investment policy. This will help maintain the stable dynamics of economic growth and the competitiveness of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in the face of new challenges and threats to the world economy.
Aim. Explore the pros and cons of the economic models of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, common features and characteristics.
Methods. The use of general methods of analysis of the world experience of transformations of economic models. Results. The effectiveness of modern economic models of Vietnam in the context of global instability and crises has been proven.
The stability of the economy and its high growth rates are ensured by the emergence of new highly efficient technological structures and the stability of the political regime of Vietnam under the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
Conclusions. The Vietnamese model was formed during the period of participation in the ASEAN free trade zone and cooperation with the developed economies of Japan, the Republic of Korea, and the United States. Vietnam has retained the fullness of the political leadership of the Communist Party and the unity of the people, its support for the development of a market economy.
Keywords: Vietnam, economic models, economic reforms, investment, difficulties, threats.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nguen Kuok Hung, Lezhenina T.V. Jekonomicheskie modeli Mongolii i V'etnama: obshhee i razlichija //Jekonomika i Upravlenie. 2020. # 1. S. 16-22.
2. Glavnoe statisticheskoe upravlenie V'etnama. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.gso.gov.vn/su-kien/2020/09/23410/.
3. Bogatova E.R., Trigubenko M.E. VI s"ezd KPV i social'no-jekonomicheskoe razvitie V'etnama. // Problemy Dal'nego Vostoka. 1987. # 2. S. 3-4.
4. Vazhnye social'no-jekonomicheskie vehi na 75-letnem puti stanovlenija i razvitija strany s pomoshh'ju statistiki. // Zhurnal «Jekonomika i prognoz»# 25. Hanoj. 2020.
5. Chan Din' Thien. V'etnamskaja model' industrializacii i modernizacii v period obnovlenija. // Sistemnyj analiz reformy Rossii, Kitaja, V'etnama. Hanoj. 2010.
6. Van Thi Thaj Thu. Privlechenie prjamyh inostrannyh investicij vo V'etnam i rjad problem.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://tapchitaichinh.vn/nghien-cuu-trao-doi/thu-hut-vondau-tu-truc-tiep-nuoc-ngoai-vao-viet-nam-va-mot-sovan-de-dat-ra-301758.html.
7. Dokumenty XI S"ezda KPV //Gosudarstvennoe politicheskoe izdatel'stvo Pravda, 2011.
8. Rost jeksporta SRV s 2005 g. po 2016 g. // Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam. Hanoi. 2016.
9. Dokument XII S"ezda KPV //Apparat CK partii, 2016 g.
10. Dokumenty XIII S"ezda KPV // Gosudarstvennoe politicheskoe izdatel'stvo Pravda, 2021, tom 1.
 
THE LAW OF FOREIGN STATES
Nguyen Huy Hoang, Le Vu Nam
Authorized representative as a legal entity by civil procedure law of Vietnam
The article analyzes the shortcomings of the theory and practice of applying the law on representatives in the civil procedure law of Vietnam. Studying international practice and laws of some countries, the author proposes solutions to improve the legal framework of this institution in Vietnam.
Keywords: legal entity, authorized representative, Vietnam.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Socialisticheskoj Respubliki V'etnam, ot 28 nojabrja 2013 g.
2. Grazhdansko-processual'nyj kodeks V'etnama ot 25 nojabrja 2015 g.
3. Grazhdanskij kodeks V'etnama ot 24 nojabrja 2015 g.
4. Grazhdanskij processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14.11.2002 # 138-FZ (red. Ot 01.07.2021).
5. Grazhdansko-processual'nyj kodeks Germanii. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/englisch_zpo/englisch_zpo.
6. Tajskij grazhdansko-processual'nyj kodeks. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.imolin.org/doc/amlid/Thailand_The%20Civil%20Proce.
7. Dang Than' Hoa, Dang Huen Fyong. O realizacii principa obespechenija sudebnogo razbiratel'stva v sootvetstvii s dejstvujushhim GPK SRV // Juridicheskij zhurnal. – Hanoj, 2021. – S. 72.
8. Nguen Thi Tui Hang. Obespechenie processual'nyh prav storon v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve. Doktorskaja dissertacija po jurisprudencii, Hanojskij juridicheskij universitet. – Hanoj, 2019. – S. 89.
9. Prilozhenie 01 vypushheno vmeste s cirkuljarom #01/2017/TT-TANDTC ot 28 ijulja 2017 g. Predsedatelja Verhovnogo narodnogo suda SRV. – Hanoj, 2017.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Umnova-Koniukhova I.A.
The principle of humanism against transhumanism as a key idea of the development of law in the XXI century
The article raises the actual problem of the confrontation between the principle of humanism and transhumanism in the context of the introduction of new technologies in the XXI century, sets the tasks of expanding the content of the principle of humanism in the concept of combining rights and responsibility, emphasizes the importance of countering transhumanism with the help of legal tools, including constitutions.
Keywords: humanism, transhumanism, scientific and technological revolution, digitalization, biorobotization, constitutions, life, human future.
Workbibliographiclist
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2. Berdjaev N. A. Smysl tvorchestva // Filosofija svobody. – M., 1989.
3. Bol'shoj juridicheskij slovar' // Pod red. A. Ja. Suhareva, V. E. Kruzhskih. – M.: INFRA-M., 2004.
4. Vasil'eva L. N., Grigor'ev A. V. Cifrovizacija obshhestva i perspektivy konstitucionnogo razvitija //Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2020. – # 10. – S. 40–58.
5. Dreksler Je. Mashiny sozdanija: Grjadushhaja jera nanotehnologii. – Per. s angl. M. Sverdlova. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://scorcher.ru/art/long_life/nano.htm.
6. Kolosova N. M. Ogranichenija i lishenija izbiratel'nyh prav: obshhee i osobennoe // Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. Serija: Jurisprudencija. – 2021. – # 1. – S. 49-55.
7. Leongard G. Tehnologii protiv cheloveka. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://books.google.ru/books?id=GcVDwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=ru#v=onepage&q&f=false.
8. Ozhegov S. I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka. – M., Russkij jazyk, 1988.
9. Proekt «Genom cheloveka»: vikipedija. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/.
10. Rybakov O. Ju., Tihonova S. V. Transgumanizm Maksa Mora: Avtarkija i otchuzhdenie. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/transgumanizm-maksa-mora-avtarkiya-iotchuzhdenie.
11. Slovar' po jetike. – M.: Politizdat, 1985.
12. Solov'ev V. S. Opravdanie dobra: Nravstvennaja filosofija // Sobr. soch. v 9 t. T. 7. – SPb., 1897. – 484 s.
13. Slovar' po jetike. – M.: Politizdat, 1985.
14. Toffler Je. Shok budushhego. – M., 2002.
15. Transgumanizm: Chelovek 2.0. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://omiliya.org/article/transgumanizm-chelovek-20.
16. Umnova-Konjuhova I. A. Konstitucionnye narrativy ogranichenija prav i svobod cheloveka i ih sudebnoe primenenie v celjah realizacii ch. 3 st. 55Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. Serija: Jurisprudencija. – 2020. – # 4. – S. 10-22.
17. Fukujama F. Nashe postchelovecheskoe budushhee. – M.:AST, 2008.
18. Cepelevich Dzh. (Cepelewicz J.). SShA: 100 milliardov na izuchenie mozga. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://inosmi.ru/science/20160313/235697050.html.
19. Ciceron M. T. O prirode Bogov. – SPb., 2002.
20. Chebanjuk V. Upravlenie rabotoj mozga voennosluzhashhego // Zarubezhnoe voennoe obozrenie. – 2011. –# 3.
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22. Chetverikova O. N. Cifrovoj totalitarizm: kak jeto delaetsja v Rossii. – M., 2019. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://royallib.com/book/chetverikova_olga/tsifrovoy_totalitarizm_kak_eto_ delaetsya_v_rossii.html.
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24. Bostrom N. A history of transhumanist thought // Journal of Evolution and Technology. – 2005. – Vol. 14. – #1. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://nickbostrom.com/papers/history.pdf.
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THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Orlova A.A., Osipov A.P.
On the question of the concept and structure of legal nihilism
Legal nihilism as a denial of law is most often manifested at the level of direct ordering of public relations with the help of legal norms. In the process of normal implementation of the norms of law, there is recognition by authorized and obligated subjects of specific regulatory prescriptions as socially justified, necessary for execution, and their specific execution in legal behavior. In the presence of legal nihilism, the reverse process occurs: an authorized or obligated subject, having a negative experience of implementing certain legal norms, as well as having information about the presence of collisions or gaps in law, ignores or violates regulatory prescriptions through his legal behavior, denying their value as a real regulatory regulator of existing public relations.
Keywords: law, rule of law, legal consciousness, realization of law, legal nihilism, legal culture.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arbuzov A. V. Pravovoj nigilizm: teoretiko-pravovoe issledovanie: Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.01. - SPb.:2006. - 216 s.
2. Lushina L. A. Nravstvenno-pravovoj nigilizm: genezis, sushhnost', formy: Avtoref. dis. na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni k.ju.n.: 12.00.01 / Nizhegorodskij gos. universitet im. N. I. Lobachevskogo - Nizhnij Novgorod, 2003. - 31 s.
3. Tkachenko V. B. Rossijskij pravovoj nigilizm: Avto-ref, dis. na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni k.ju.n.: 12,00.01 /Jurid. institut MVD Rossii. - M., 2000. - 36 s.
4. Polishhuk N. I. K voprosu o vlijanii pravovogo nigilizma na jevoljuciju prava // Sovremennoe pravo. - 2007.- # 5. - S. 67-70.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Osadchuk E.A.
Electoral branch in the system of branches of state power and its correlation with related categories
This article is devoted to the study of the peculiarities of the organization of state power within the framework of constitutional and legal regulation of the Russian Federation. The paper presents various points of view of specialists on the specifics of the model of state organization in Russia. The allocation of electoral power in the system of branches of state power and its correlation with related categories is seen. As a result of the research it was concluded that the domestic scheme of state power organization has its own specificity and distinctiveness. The need to amend constitutional and legal regulations in order to allocate the electoral branch of government, in accordance with existing domestic and foreign practice in this sphere has been identified.
Keywords: power, state power, legal system, separation of powers theory, people, electoral law, electoral power.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avtonomov A. S. Izbiratel'naja vlast' / In-t razvitija izbirat. sistem (IRIS). – M.: Prava cheloveka, 2002. – 88 s.
2. Vedeneev Ju. A. Izbiratel'naja vlast': istoricheskij kontekst, politiko-pravovaja sushhnost' i mehanizm osushhestvlenija // Bjulleten' Central'noj izbiratel'noj komissii Rossijskoj Federacii.– 1995. – # 2 (28). – S. 43-51.
3. Voloshin O. Gosudarstvo tol'ko nachinaetsja // Jekspert. – 2006. – # 41 (90). – S. 66-67.
4. Golubeva L. A. Netipichnye vetvi gosudarstvennoj vlasti v mehanizme sovremennogo gosudarstva: dis.… kand. jurid. nauk: 23.00.02. – SPb., 2009.
5. Golubeva L. A., Chernokov A. Je. Sravnitel'noe gosudarstvovedenie: ucheb. dlja vysshih ucheb. zavedenij.– SPb.: IVJeSJeP, Znanie, 2009. – 557 s.
6. Zinov'ev A. V., Poljashova I. S. Izbiratel'naja sistema Rossii: teorija, praktika i perspektivy:uchebnik. – SPb.: Jurid. centr Press, 2003. – 359 s.
7. Ivanchenko A. V. Izbiratel'nye komissii v Rossijskoj Federacii: istorija, teorija, praktika: monografija. – M.: Izd-vo «Ves' mir», 1996. – 350 s.
8. Osadchuk E. A. Priznaki izbiratel'noj vlasti: obshheteoreticheskij analiz // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 2. – S.110-113
9. Sapel'nikov A. B., Chestnov I. L. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: ucheb. dlja jurid. vysshih ucheb. zaved. – SPb.:IVJeSJeP, Znanie, 2006. – 279 s.
10. Chirkin V. E. Osnovy gosudarstvennoj vlasti. – M.:Jurist", 1996. – 112 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Sokolova T.L.
Restrictions on retail sales of alcoholic products established in the Northwestern Federal district
The article examines the restrictions in the field of retail sale of alcoholic beverages, established in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation included in the North-West Federal District. The author identified the features of regional legislation in the sphere of alcoholic beverages turnover in the territory under consideration.
Keywords: regional control, alcoholic beverages, constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 22.11.1995 # 171-FZ (red. Ot 02.07.2021) «O gosudarstvennom regulirovanii proizvodstva i oborota jetilovogo spirta, alkogol'noj i spirtosoderzhashhej produkcii i ob ogranichenii potreblenija (raspitija) alkogol'noj produkcii» (v red. Federal'nogo zakona ot 29.07.2017 # 278-FZ.
2. Zakon Sankt-Peterburga ot 26 oktjabrja 2005 g. # 555-78 «O prazdnikah i dnjah pamjati v Sankt-Peterburge» (Prinjat Zakonodatel'nym Sobraniem Sankt-Peterburga 12 oktjabrja 2005 goda). (s izmenenijami na 12 oktjabrja 2020 goda) (redakcija, dejstvujushhaja s 1 janvarja 2021 goda).
3. Zakon Vologodskoj oblasti ot 30.06.2020 # 4741-OZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v stat'i 1 i 2 zakona oblasti «Ob ustanovlenii ogranichenij v sfere roznichnoj prodazhi alkogol'noj produkcii i bezalkogol'nyh tonizirujushhih napitkov» // Krasnyj Sever. - 2020. - # 70.
4. Panova I. V., Erohin V. M. K voprosu o gosudarstvennom regulirovanii alkogol'nogo rynka // Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. - 2018. - # 1. -S. 158-174.
5. Shhur D. L., Kartashova A. A. Novejshee zakonodatel'stvo o regulirovanii proizvodstva i oborota alkogol'noj produkcii: ot melkih oshibok k ser'eznym porokam // Torgovoe pravo. - 2011. - # 3. - S. 24-37.
6. Jachmenev G. G. Novelly zakonodatel'stva v oblasti gosudarstvennogo regulirovanija roznichnoj prodazhi alkogol'noj produkcii i otvetstvennosti za ego narushenie G. G. Jachmenev // Arbitrazhnye spory. - 2018. - # 1.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Stepanenko Yu.S., Shevchuk E.P.
Crisis manifestations in lawmaking: certain problems of civil law and theory of law
Recently, the analysis of the state of Russian legislation is often accompanied by the use of the term “crisis” in law. This article examines the crisis phenomena of law and lawmaking, as well as individual problems of lawmaking in civil law. In the practice of legislative activity, many problems are identified, which indicates the state of legislative activity and the quality of laws adopted recently, and here the question is raised about the definition and systematization of the most important rules for the development of bills in the most relevant category, and without solving which changes for the better are hardly possible. This article examines the crisis phenomena in the theory of law and individual problems of civil law. However, this does not detract from the consideration of a deeper and more thorough study of this issue, as well as the development of recommendations for overcoming the crisis situation of the role of law and lawmaking in law.
Keywords: crisis phenomena, law, legislator, civil law, legislation, legislative process, lawmaking, legal interpretation.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ob osnovah ohrany zdorov'ja grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.11.2011g. # 323-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. –2011. – # 48. – St. 672.
2. O holdingah: zakonoproekt ot 28.06.2000 #99049555-2. Dokument opublikovan ne byl. Dostup iz sprav. pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Ob objazatel'nom strahovanii grazhdanskoj otvetstvennosti medicinskih organizacij pered pacientami: zakonoproekt ot 2.09.2010 g. Dokument opublikovan ne byl. Dostup iz sprav. Pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Vlasenko N. A. Krizisnye tendencii v zakonotvorchestve Rossii // Juridicheskaja tehnika. – 2015.– # 9. – S. 175-182.
5. Dorskaja A. A. Jeffektivnost' pravovogo regulirovanija i preodolenie krizisov v prave: osnovnye napravlenija issledovanij // Vestnik Moskovskogo gorodskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. Serija: Juridicheskie nauki. – 2020. – # 2(38). – S. 11-19.
6. Zjablova T. E. K voprosu o trebovanijah k zakono-proektu: postanovka problemy // Colloquiumjournal.– 2019. – # 23-8 (47). – S. 39-42.
7. Shishkin S. N. Predprinimatel'sko-pravovye (hozjajstvenno-pravovye) osnovy gosudarstvennogo regulirovanija jekonomiki. –M.: Infotropik Media, 2011. – 328 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Chupanova A.C., Ramazanova Z.L.
Interaction of the Prosecutor’s Office with the legislative authority
The article analyzes the peculiarities of interaction between the bodies of the Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation and the legislative (representative) bodies of state power. Such areas of interaction are mainly affected as the supervision of the bodies of the Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation over the implementation of laws. The problems of interaction between the Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation and the legislative authorities of the Russian Federation are investigated. The theoretical and legal foundations of the interaction of the legislative authorities of the Russian Federation with the supervisory authority are studied. The scientific novelty lies in the study of the problems of interaction between the bodies of the Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation and the legislative (representative) bodies of state power and the development of proposals for their resolution.
Keywords: prosecutor’s office, interaction, legislative authorities, supervision, control.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akimova, Ja. A. Mesto i rol' organov prokuratury v sisteme organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti. — Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Molodoj uchenyj. — 2021. — # 12 (354).— S. 75-77. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://moluch.ru/archive/354/79381/ (data obrashhenija:10.11.2021).
2. Gosduma v I chtenii nadelila Genprokuraturu pravom predstavljat' RF v mezhdunarodnyh sudah: DUMATV ot 8 ijunja 2021 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://dumatv.ru/news/gosduma-v-i-chteniinadelila-genprokuraturu-pravom-predstavlyat-rf-vmezhdunarodnih-sudah.
3. Zavalunov A. Rol' i mesto prokuratury v sisteme organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti Rossijskoj Federacii[Tekst] // Zakonnost'. — 2018. — # 12. — S. 7–9.
4. Kapinus O. S. Nastol'naja kniga prokurora v 2 ch. Chast' 1: prakticheskoe posobie. — 5-e izd., pererab. i dop. — M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2019. – 481 s. —ISBN 978-5-534-08135-0. – Tekst: neposredstvennyj.
5. Kovalev A. A. Prokurorskij nadzor v Rossijskoj Federacii 3-e izd., per. i dop. Uchebnik i praktikum dlja akademicheskogo bakalavriata. – M.: Jurajt, 2015. – 413 s. — ISBN 978-5-9916-7822-3. – Tekst: neposredstvennyj.
6. Jakupov Z. R. Rol' prokuratury v mehanizme gosudarstvennoj vlasti sovremennoj Rossii. — Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Pravo: sovremennye tendencii: materialy IV Mezhdunar. nauch. konf. (g. Krasnodar, fevral' 2017 g.). — Krasnodar: Novacija, 2017. — S. 95-98.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Abasov G.H., Mamchenko N.V.
The influence of the Nuremberg Trials on the consolidation of the principle of humanism in the Constitutions of post-war Europe
Analyzing the concepts of humanism, the authors comes to the conclusion that the principle of humanism implies the protection of the interests not only of an individual, but also of society as a whole. And the legal expression of the social content of the principle of humanism in constitutional law is manifested in legal norms aimed at protecting the safety of man and society from crimes and other offenses. In the article, the principle of humanism is considered in the context of ensuring the security of a person and society from criminal encroachments not only by individuals, but also by states. It is with this content that the principle of humanism, influenced by the results of the Nuremberg trials, was reflected in the Constitutions of post-war Europe.
Keywords: the principle of humanism, the humanism of law, the Nuremberg trials, international law, constitutions of foreign states.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucii zarubezhnyh gosudarstv: Uchebnoe posobie / Sost. prof. V.V.Maklakov – 2-e izd., isprav. i dop. M.: Izdatel'stvo BJeK, 1999. 584 s.
2. Filimonov V.D. Gumanizm kak princip prava // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2013. # 1. S. 102-108.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Golubev
A.G.
Control over the appointment and execution of correctional punishments for evasion into heresy in the activities of the Governor’s office in the middle of the XIX century (based on the materials of the Samara province)
The article examines one of the main activities of the governor and, consequently, his office in the middle of the XIX century - in the era preceding the liberal reforms in the country. Of great importance for the state was the protection of national morality, the means of preserving which was recognized as adherence to the official religion, mainly Orthodoxy. The departure from Orthodoxy to Old Believers was considered an evasion into “schism”, that is, into heresy, it was considered a crime and was subject to correctional punishment.
The analysis of the contents of the case of the office of the Samara governor, opened in one of these cases, allows us to form an idea of the nature of the correspondence of the office, the participants of the correspondence, the timing and success of the execution of such cases in the period under review.
Keywords: the governor, office of the governor, the Code of Punishments, Old Believers, the heresy, spiritual consistory, the local court, the county court, the correctional punishment.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ulozhenie o nakazanijah ugolovnyh i ispravitel'nyh. – SPb.: Tipografija Vtorogo otdelenija Sobstvennoj Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva Kanceljarii, 1845.
2. Gosudarstvennyj arhiv Samarskoj oblasti (GASO).- F. 3. - Op. 141. - D. 3.
3. Pamjatnaja knizhka Samarskoj gubernii na 1863-1864gody. – Samara: Tipografija gub. stat. komiteta, 1864.
4. Rossija: jenciklopedicheskij slovar' [Reprintnoe vosproizvedenie izdanija F. A. Brokgauza i I. A. Efrona. – SPb., 1898]. – L.: Lenizdat, 1991.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Danchevskaya
A.V., Gerasimova Yu.R., Kurilo S.N.
Formation of the correctional labor system of Russia at the beginning of the formation of Soviet power(1918 – 1924)
The paper presents an analysis of the activities of the Soviet government in Russia during this period on the organization of its own penitentiary system. It is determined that the formation of the Soviet system of execution of punishment began in January 1918, but it was formalized in a comprehensive form only with the adoption of the Correctional Labor Code of 1924. The main task of the penitentiary system was the correction of criminals by introducing them to work and social life.
Keywords: penitentiary system, correctional labor camps, punitive bodies, imprisonment, forced labor.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 29 aprelja 2021g. # 1138-r «Ob utverzhdenii Koncepcii razvitija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy RF na period do 2030 g.» // SPS Konsul'tantPljus.Gajdaj M.K. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema Rossii v uslovijah reformirovanija // Aktual'nye problemy prava i gosudarstva v XXI veke. – 2017. – T. 9. – # 1. – S. 79-84.
2. Sobranie uzakonenij i rasporjazhenij pravitel'stva za 1917-1918 gg. – M., 1942. – 1480 s.
3. Sobranie uzakonenij i rasporjazhenij pravitel'stva za 1919 g. – M., 1943. – 865 s.
4. Sobranie uzakonenij i rasporjazhenij pravitel'stva za 1921 g. – M., 1944. – 1207 s.

HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kutushev
G.Z., Kutusheva V.N.
Study of the legal specifics of malfeasance among civil servants of the Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic during the NEP years
The article is devoted to the study of malfeasance among public servants of the People’s Commissariat of Education of the Bashkir ASSR in the 20s of the XX century. On the basis of archival materials devoted to checking the personnel of state institutions of public education and management, examples of abuse of official powers for mercenary purposes are considered. The article examines crimes of a financial, economic and domestic nature, entailing legal responsibility under the Soviet legislation of the NEP period.
Keywords: malfeasance, Soviet legislation, legal responsibility, civil service, Soviet officials, the People’s Commissariat of Education, the Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, party purges, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR of 1922.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nacional'nyj arhiv Respubliki Bashkortostan
(dalee – NA RB). – F.22. – Op.2. – D.323. – L.3-4, 13-20.
2. NA RB. – F.122. – Op.3. – D.49. – L.30.
3. NA RB. – F.122. – Op.8. – D.98 a. – L. 48.
4. NA RB. – F.122. – Op.8. – D.98 a. – L.37.
5. NA RB. – F.122. – Op.8. – D.98 a. – L.83.
6. NA RB. – F.22. – Op.5. – D.85. – L.61,62.
7. NA RB. – F.22. – Op.6. – D.4. L.17.
8. NA RB. – F.363. – Op.7. – D.8. – L.22.
9. NA RB. – F.798. – Op.1. – D.926. – L.8.
10. NA RB. – F.798. – F.122. – Op.3. – D.39. – L.10,21.

HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Molotkov
M.B.
Political and legal concept of Alexey Andreevich Rozhdestvensky
The scientific heritage of many pre-revolutionary scientists who contributed to Russian jurisprudence remains outside the field of vision of specialists or is considered selectively. The name of Alexei Andreevich Rozhdestvensky, who investigated the essence of law and the state, was also ignored. Analysis of the views of a lawyer is the first step towards awakening interest in the political and legal concept of a scientist. A comprehensive consideration of the researcher’s ideas will help restore historical justice, and rightfully take A.A. Rozhdestvensky a worthy place in the history of Russian legal science.
Keywords: A. A. Rozhdestvensky, state, law, right, legal coherence, subjective public rights.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Bredihin A. L. Evropejskaja pravovaja kul'tura: koncepcija i perspektivy // Nauchnyj dajdzhest Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2021. - # 3 (13).- S. 174–179.
2. Grjaznova T. E. Teorija primenenija prava G. F. Shershenevicha // Pravoprimenenie v publichnom i chastnom prave: mat-ly mezhdunar. nauch.-konf. - Omsk, 2021. - S.52–55.
3. Elistratov A. I. I. Ponjatie o publichnom sub"ektivnom prave; II. «Teorija sub"ektivnyh publichnyh prav» A. A. Rozhdestvenskogo. - Moskva, 1913. – S. 18, 21.
4. Zor'kin V. D. Pozitivistskaja teorija prava v Rossii. -M., 1978. - 270 s.
5. Korkunov N. M. Lekcii po obshhej teorii prava. -Sankt-Peterburg, 1909. - 354 s.
6. Kozhevina M. A. Innovacionnoe i tradicionnoe v otechestvennoj juridicheskoj nauke: k istorii voprosa //Juridicheskaja tehnika. - 2021. - # 15. - S. 191–198.
7. Pishhulin A. V. Juridicheskij pozitivizm v sovremennom pravoponimanii: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Moskva, 2010. - 170 s.
8. Rozhdestvenskij A. A. Obshhaja teorija prava: Kurs lekcij, chitannyh na Vysshih zhenskih juridicheskih kursah v osennem polugodii 1908-1909 akad. Goda. - Moskva,1909. - 191 s.
9. Rozhdestvenskij A. A. Teorija sub"ektivnyh publichnyh prav: Krit. sistem. iscled. - Moskva, 1913. - 290 s.
10. Shalamova A. N. Realizacija principov social'nogo gosudarstva v aspekte konstitucionno-pravovogo regulirovanija // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2021. - # 2 (97). - S. 24–30.
11. Shmarev A. I. Nuzhen li princip spravedlivosti v ugolovnom processe Rossii // Kriminalistika: vchera, segodnja, zavtra. - 2020. - # 3 (15). - S. 232–243.
12. Shershenevich G. F. O chuvstve zakonnosti: publichnaja lekcija, chitannaja 10 marta 1897 g. / professorom Kazanskogo universiteta G. F. Shershenevichem. - Kazan', 1897. - 28 s.

HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Mukhametov
P.A.
Preservation and development of historical cities of Russia in the 1960s – 1970s: issues of legal regulation
The article focuses on the development of legal norms aimed at regulating relations in the field of preservation, use, popularization and state protection of cultural heritage objects of historical cities of Russia. On the basis of scientific literature and collections of normative legal acts, the main stages of the lawmaking activities of the authorities of the RSFSR for the protection of historical and cultural monuments are analyzed. The main gaps in the law are identified, requiring legal regulation for more effective protection and use of urban objects of historical and cultural heritage.
Keywords: RSFSR, historical and cultural monument, cultural heritage, legal regulation, architectural monuments.
Work bibliographic list
1. Istoricheskie goroda Rossii: sohranenie i razvitie. Analiticheskij doklad. – M.: Izdanie Soveta Federacii, 2011.
2. Materialy III Plenuma Central'nogo soveta Vserossijskogo obshhestva ohrany pamjatnikov istorii i kul'tury. – M., 1971.
3. Ohrana pamjatnikov istorii i kul'tury. Sbornik dokumentov. – M.: Sovetskaja Rossija, 1973.
4. Pervye dekrety sovetskoj vlasti. Sbornik faksimil'no vosproizvedennyh dokumentov / Pod obshh. red. G. L. Smirnova. – M.: Kniga, 1987.
5. Formozov A. A. Russkoe obshhestvo i ohrana pamjatnikov kul'tury. – M.: Sov. Rossija, 1990.
6. Halikov I. A. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' za narushenie trebovanij sohranenija ili ispol'zovanija ob"ektov kul'turnogo nasledija (pamjatnikov istorii i kul'tury).

HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Yakovets
E.N., Zhuravlenko N.I.
History of relationship of Bulgaria and Russia during the Russian-Turkish and the first World Wars
The article examines the historical facts testifying to the decisive role of the Russian Empire in the liberation of Bulgaria from the Ottoman yoke and in the formation of its statehood, as well as revealing the difficult relations between our countries during the First World War.
Keywords: Ottoman Empire, Russian-Turkish war, storming of Plevna, defense of Shipka Pass, San Stefano Peace Treaty, First and Second Balkan Wars, World War I, Entente, Triple Alliance, Neiin Peace Treaty.
Work bibliographic list
1. Berlinskij kongress // Voennaja jenciklopedija: [v 18t.] / Pod red. V.F. Novickogo [i dr.]. SPb.; [M.]: Tip.t-va I.D. Sytina, 1911-1915.
2. Bolgarckaja armija v Pervoj mirovoj vojne na staryh fotografijah. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://zen.yandex.ru/media/id/5db357c9a660d700b07fdc9a/bolgarckaia-armiia-v-pervoi-mirovoi-voine-na-staryhfotografiiah-5e1592645fd55f00ae380c8d (data obrashhenija:
01.08.2020).
3. Bolgarija v Pervoj Mirovoj vojne – Nejinskij mir. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://histerl.ru/otechestvennaia_istoria/pervayamirovaya-vojna/nejinskij-mir.htm (data obrashhenija:01.08.2020).
4. Bolgarskie «bratushki» huzhe tureckih «janychjar».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://zen.yandex.ru/ media/id/5d14996804ea7a00af9beecb/bolgarskie-bratushki-huje-tureckih-ianychiar-5e2c42c3c49f2900ae173bae?&secdata=CKCsxL3%2BLSABMIKAAQ%3D%3D (data obrashhenija: 30.07.2020).
5. Evroparlament i Putin razoshlis' v poiskah razzhigatelja Vtoroj mirovoj vojny // Nacional'naja sluzhba novostej. 2020. 16 janvarja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://nsn.fm/policy/iskazhaet-istoriu-evroparlament-i-putinrazoshlis-v-poiske-vinovnogo-v-nachale-voiny?utm_source=yxnews&utm_medium=desktop&utm_referrer=https%3A%2F%2 Fyandex.ru%2Fnews (data obrashhenija: 16.07.2020).
6. Kak Bolgarija priobretala nezavisimost'… neudobnye momenty Istorii… // BgNews – Novosti Bolgarii. O tom, chto proishodit na samom dele. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: bgnews.bulgar-rus.ru/kak-bolgariya-priobretala-nezavisimostneudobnye-
momenty-istorii/ (data obrashhenija: 30.05.2021).
7. Misnik L. «Sgovor rezhimov»: Zelenskij obvinil SSSR v nachale vojny // Gazeta.ru. 2020. 28 janvarja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gazeta.ru/army/2020/01/28/12931820.shtml (data obrashhenija: 30.07.2020).
8. Mihajlov A. Krasnoe i Beloe. Istorija nachala Krasnoj armii i Grazhdanskoj vojny, chast' pjataja (vmesto jepiloga) // Pskovskaja gubernija. 2009. # 10 (431) 18-24 marta. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://gubernia.pskovregion.org/number_431/05.
php?print (data obrashhenija: 01.08.2020).
9. Orlov A.S., Georgiev V.A., Georgieva N.G., Sivohina T.A. Istorija Rossii. – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.:Izd-vo «Prospekt», 2011.
10. Pochemu 5 sentjabrja 1944 goda SSSR ob"javil vojnu Bolgarii // Russkaja semjorka. 2018. 4 ijulja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://news.rambler.ru/troops/40251746/?utm_content=news_media &utm_medium=read_more&utm_source=copylink (data obrashhenija: 01.08.2020).
11. Pochemu bolgary voevali s russkimi v Pervoj Mirovoj? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://bulgaria-dobrich.ru/bolgariya/pochemubolgaryi-voevali-s-russkimi-v-pervoy-mirovoy/ (data obrashhenija: 25.07.2020).
12. Pretenzii Bolgarii k Rossii ili chem bolgary objazany Rossijskoj imperii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://zen.yandex.ru/media/history_russian/pretenzii-bolgarii-k-rossii-ili-chembolgary-
obiazany-rossiiskoi-imperii-5ddb6a99f2c2912a0dd2a83d?&secdata=CLnJ06rrLSABMAI%3D (data obrashhenija: 30.07.2020).
13. Samsonov A. Bolgarskie «bratushki» vstupajut v vojnu // Voennoe obozrenie. 2015. 15 oktjabrja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://topwar.ru/84242-bolgarskie-bratushki-vstupayut-v-voynu.html (data obrashhenija: 01.08.2020).
14. Tadtaev G. Sejm Pol'shi uravnjal otvetstvennost' SSSR i Germanii za nachalo vojny. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.rbc.ru/politics/09/01/2020/5e1774199a79474a3629bc7a (data obrashhenija: 30.05.2021).
15. Shirokolobov S. Putin nas pereigral: pol'skie SMI uzhasnulis' itogam foruma v Izraile //RUBALTIC.RU/ 2020. 29 janvarja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.rubaltic.ru/article/politika-i-obshchestvo/29012020-putin-naspereigral-polskie-smi-uzhasnulis-itogam-foruma-vizraile/(data obrashhenija: 31.05.2021).

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Ananjeva E.O., Shmaeva T.A., Ananjeva Z.N.
Tolerance as a personal characteristic of an employee of the electoral system
This article describes the qualitative characteristics of the electoral system employees. The basics of their activities are analyzed and attention is paid entirely to such a quality as tolerance. The article defines its meaning, characterizes the types, analyzes the possible manifestation during the work of election commission employees.
Keywords: basic law of the country, electoral law, election commissions, employee, employee,
tolerance.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Duhnovskij S. V. Lichnostnye harakteristiki i kadrovye riski sovremennogo gosudarstvennogo grazhdanskogo sluzhashhego // Gosudarstvennoe i municipal'noe upravlenie. Uchenye zapiski SKAGS. - 2017. - # 1. - S. 192.
2. Zhmyrova E. Ju. O ponjatii «tolerantnost'» i ee vidah // Vestnik Tambovskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnicheskogo universiteta. - 2006. - # 4. - S. 1265-1269.
3. Ivannikov I. A. Pravovaja kul'tura rossijskih gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih: sostojanie i puti povyshenija // Municipal'naja sluzhba: pravovye voprosy. - 2008. - # 3.
4. Materialy mezhvuzovskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (29 maja 2018 g., g. Krasnodar). Sbornik statej / Izbiratel'naja komissija Krasnodarskogo kraja; pod obshh. red. A. D. Chernenko; nauch. red. N. Ju. Turishheva. - Krasnodar: Izdatel'skij Dom – Jug, 2018. - 294 s. ISBN 978-5-91718-531-6.
5. Mubinova Z. F. Vospitanie nacional'nogo samosoznanija i mezhjetnicheskoj tolerantnosti v processe prepodavanija obshhestvovedcheskih nauk v mnogonacional'noj gorodskoj shkole: na primere shkol Respubliki Bashkortostan. - Ufa, 1998.
6. Nel'son T. Psihologija predubezhdenij. Sekrety shablonov myshlenija, vosprijatija i povedenija. -SPb., 2003.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Gabiyeva
S.M.
Problems of implementation of state youth policy in Russia
The article examines the main problems arising in the implementation of state youth policy in the Russian Federation. It talks about the evolution of youth policy in Russia in the light of the constitutional reform of 2020 as a justification for the amendment to Article 72, paragraph “e” of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Attention is paid to the content of the law “On youth policy in the Russian Federation”. The result of the study is the formulation of conclusions that the constitutional amendment, which for the first time fixes the presence of youth policy in the basic law of the country, can not only give a new impetus to the further development of normative legal mechanisms for regulating youth policy, but also become the constitutional basis for its practical implementation.
Keywords: state youth policy, social injustice, amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, regulatory legal acts, experience of foreign countries.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ahmedova K. R. Pravovoe regulirovanie gosudarstvennoj molodezhnoj politiki v Rossii: problemy i puti ih razreshenija // Studencheskie nauchnye issledovanija: sb. st. II mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf.– Penza, 2020. – S. 143–145.
2. Butorov A. S., Adlov R. A. Osobennosti gosudarstvennoj molodezhnoj politiki v Rossii i SShA na sovremennom jetape: sravnitel'nyj analiz //Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Ser.: Gosudarstvennoe i municipal'noe upravlenie. – 2021. – T. 8. – # 2. – S. 186-199.
3. Vagner V. V. Problemy gosudarstvennoj molodezhnoj politiki v sovremennoj Rossii i vozmozhnye puti ih reshenija // Social'naja aktivnost' molodezhi kak neobhodimoe uslovie razvitija obshhestva:sb. st. mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. / Pod red. G. V. Kovalevoj. – SPb., 2019. – S. 60-63.
4. Vlasova M. A., Kachalov A. G. Rol' Prezidenta Rossii v formirovanii i osushhestvlenii molodezhnoj politiki // Juridicheskaja nauka: istorija i sovremennost'. – 2021. – # 4. – S. 95-104.
5. Katunina A. I. Osobennosti i problemy gosudarstvennoj molodezhnoj politiki kak faktora socializacii molodogo pokolenija v sovremennoj Rossii // Gosudarstvenno-pravovye issledovanija.– 2020. – # 3. – S. 525-528.
6. Ogol' A. A. Gosudarstvennaja molodezhnaja politika v Rossijskoj Federacii i zarubezhnyh stranah:sravnitel'noe issledovanie // Molodoj uchenyj. –2021. – # 8 (350). S. 164-168. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://moluch.ru/archive/350/78752/
(data obrashhenija: 04.11.2021).
7. Pod"jachev K. V., Halij I. A. Gosudarstvennaja molodezhnaja politika v sovremennoj Rossii: koncept i realii // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. – 2020. – T. 20. – # 2. – S. 263-276.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Gadzhieva
D.A.
Origins and development of collective human rights
Collective rights have been recently recognized in various countries. During their short period of development, collective rights, which, unlike individual rights, were initially consolidated in the normative sources of international law, acquired various forms and were described in various doctrinal concepts. However, one of the most important problems of this institute still remains: collective rights, despite they may be possessed not only by individuals who are part of the collective, but also to the collectives themselves as subjects of law, receive only individual guarantees of their provision, protection and defense.
Keywords: collective human rights, minority rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vseobshhaja deklaracija prav cheloveka (prinjata General'noj Assambleej OON 10.12.1948) // Rossijskaja gazeta. – # 235. – 10.12.1998.
2. Mezhdunarodnyj Pakt o grazhdanskih i politicheskih pravah (Prinjat i otkryt dlja podpisanija, ratifikacii i prisoedinenija rezoljuciej General'noj Assamblei OON # 2200 A (XXI) ot 16.12.66)// Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Sud Rossijskoj Federacii. – 1994. – # 12.
3. Ustav Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij (Prinjat v g. San-Francisko 26.06.1945) (s izm. i dop. ot 20.12.1971) //Dejstvujushhee mezhdunarodnoe pravo. T. 1. – M.: Moskovskij nezavisimyj institut mezhdunarodnogo prava, 1996.
4. Abashidze A. H. Zashhita prav men'shinstv po mezhdunarodnomu i vnutrigosudarstvennomu pravu. – M.:Prava cheloveka, 1996.
5. Graben'skij V. Istorija pol'skogo naroda. – Minsk:MFCP, 2006.
6. Dubrovskij D. Individual'nye i kollektivnye prava: protivorechija praktiki // Prava cheloveka i problemy identichnosti v Rossii i v sovremennom mire. Materialy mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prakticheskogo simpoziuma, 8-9 ijulja 2004 g. Pod redakciej: O. Ju. Malinova, A. Ju. Sungurov. – SPb.: NOR-MA, 2005.
7. Zajceva E. R. Kollektivnye formy realizacii i zashhity osnovnyh prav i svobod grazhdan. Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 1993.
8. Il'jashevich M. V., Belousova A. A. Mezhdunarodno-pravovaja zashhita nacional'nyh men'shinstv i Liga Nacij // Zakon i pravo. – 2018. – # 11. – S. 122.
9. Kat'ko N. S. Mezhdunarodnaja zashhita prav nacional'nyh men'shinstv: istoricheskij aspekt // Belorusskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij. – 2002. – # 2.
10. Kechek'jan S. F. Mezhdunarodno-pravovaja zashhita nacional'nyh men'shinstv. – Baku, 1929.
11. Nugaeva N. G., Ovchinikova Ju. S. Sobljudenie prav nacional'nyh men'shinstv: sistema garantij v Statute Ligi Nacij // Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo universiteta. Serija: Gumanitarnye nauki. –2017. –T. 159, kniga 2.
12. Prava cheloveka. Ucheb. Dlja vuzov / Otvet. Red. E. A. Luksheva. – M., 2001.
13. Sbornik dogovorov Rossii s drugimi gosudarstvami. 1856-1917. – M.: Gos.izd-vo polit.literatury, 1952.
14. Chirkin V. E. Individual'nye prava, kollektivnye prava i prava, osushhestvljaemye kollektivno //Grazhdanin i pravo. – 2011. – # 3.
15. Chirkin V. E. Individ i obshhestvo: kollektivnye konstitucionnye prava. Jesse // Pravo i politika.– 2001. – # 4.
16. Baka Andras B. The European Convention on Human Rights and the Protection of Minorities Under International Law // Connecticut Journal of International Law. – 8 (Spring 1993).
17. Capotorti F. Study on the rights of persons, belonging to ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities // Human Rights. – 1991. – # 5.
18. Chaszar E. The International problem of national minorities. Matthias Corvinus Publishing. – Toronto –Buffalo, 1999.
19. Lerner N. The evolution of minority rights in international law. // Peoples and minorities in
international law / Eds. R. Lefeber, M. Zieck. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Dordrecht / Boston / London, 1993.
20. Stone Julius. Regional Guarantees of Minority Rights. –New York: MacMillan Co., 1993. ix.
21. Symonides Janusz. A Protective Framework // UNESCO Courier. – June 1993, 44.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Gaynetdinova
G.S.
Place of the national anti-terrorist committee in the governmental system of countering terrorism in Russia
The article analyzes the activities of the National Anti-Terrorist Committee as a fundamentally new interdepartmental structure in the fight against terrorism. The reason for its creation was the escalation of terrorist threats from terrorist organizations. Its structure, tasks and functions are revealed. It is emphasized that the NAC has become an effective tool for solving complex tasks in the field of countering terrorism.
Keywords: terrorism, counter-terrorism, national anti-terrorism committee, state anti-terrorism policy.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ajsyn G.S. Religioznye organizacii kak institut grazhdanskogo obshhestva i ego rol' v obespechenii nacional'noj bezopasnosti // Novelly rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva v kontekste strategii nacional'noj bezopasnosti: sb. nauch. tr. Vseros. nauch.-prakt. konf. (1 fevralja 2016 g.) / otv. red. S.B. Vereshhak.Cheboksary: Chuvashskij gos. un-t im. I.N. Ul'janova.- 2016.
2. Vystuplenie zamestitelja rukovoditelja apparata Nacional'nogo antiterroristicheskogo komiteta I.V. Kuljagina v press-centre MIA «Rossija segodnja» na brifinge NAK ob itogah dejatel'nosti obshhegosudarstvennoj sistemy protivodejstvija terrorizmu v Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://nac.gov.ru/vystupleniya-i-intervyu/vystupleniezamestitelya-rukovoditelya-apparata.html (data obrashhenija: 01.09.2021).
3. Demidov M.V. Nacional'nyj antiterroristicheskij komitet i antiterroristicheskie komissii v sub"ektah Rossijskoj Federacii: status i kompetencija // Terrorizm i prava cheloveka: novye vyzovy v jepohu globalizacii: sb. st. po materialam II Vseros. nauch.-prakt. konf. (13 ijunja 2019 g.) / Pod red. G.B. Romanovskogo. Penza: Izd-vo PGU.- 2019.
4. Obrashhenie Prezidenta Rossii Vladimira Putina. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://kremlin.ru/events/president/transcripts/22589 (data obrashhenija: 01.09.2021).
5. Portal pravovoj statistiki i informacionnyh tehnologij General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://crimestat.ru/analytics (data obrashhenija: 01.09.2021).
6. Privetstvennoe pis'mo Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii V.V.Putina // Vestnik Nacional'nogo antiterroristicheskogo komiteta. -2021.- # 1 (25).

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Gasanov
G.A., Ramazanova E.T.
Restrictions of human rights for the purpose of countering terrorism
The article examines the problem of terrorism in the modern world. Terrorism is the use of violence to achieve political, economic, ideological and religious goals. Terrorism infringes on human rights and freedoms and has dire consequences. The problem of the limits of human rights limitation in the implementation of the state policy of countering terrorism, in particular, in the conduct of a counter-terrorist operation, is investigated. The question of the legality of the deprivation of life in order to counter terrorism is considered.
Keywords: terrorism, restriction of rights, counter-terrorist operation, the right to life, legality.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii» (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993).
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii terrorizmu» ot 6 marta 2006 g. SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 29.10.2017).
3. Barbin V.V. Konstitucionno-pravovye osnovanija ogranichenija osnovnyh prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina. – M., 2007.
4. Izzatdust Je.S. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' Rossii:institucional'nyj kontekst i chelovecheskoe izmerenie. – M., 2010.
5. Isaeva V.Ju. Organizacionno-pravovye formy legal'nogo lishenija prava cheloveka na zhizn' // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2007. – # 2. – S. 19-25.
6. Lazarev V.V. Konstitucionnye ogranichenija konstitucionnyh cennostej // 20 let Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii: aktual'nye problemy juridicheskoj nauki i pravoprimenenija v uslovijah sovershenstvovanija rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva:Chetvertyj permskij mezhdunarodnyj kongress uchenyh-juristov (g. Perm', 1819 oktjabrja 2013 g.). – M.: Statut, 2014. — 368 s.
7. Podmarev A.A. Ogranichenie prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina: opredelenie konstitucionnogo ponjatija // Vestnik RUDN, serija Juridicheskie nauki.– 2014. – # 2. – S. 9-17.
8. Rukovodjashhie principy v oblasti prav cheloveka i bor'by s terrorizmom: utv. 11 ijulja 2002 g. Na 804-m zasedanii Komiteta Ministrov Soveta Evropy // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija:27.10.2017).

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Dengaev
I.B., Ramazanova E.T.
On some problems of determining the content of the right to privacy
In this article, the author conducted a comprehensive analysis of the content of one of the basic constitutional rights of a person and a citizen – the right to privacy. The paper concludes that the central link of this legal phenomenon is the concept of “private life”, which causes difficulties associated with its evaluation properties when determining the main characteristics. In this connection, the legal literature contains a huge variety of definitions of this category through the separation of private and public life.
Keywords: rights to privacy, Constitution, protection of private life, family and personal secrets, autonomy, private life.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija RF. – M., 2021.
2. Arabskaja hartija prav cheloveka // Vestnik MGU. –1997. – # 5.
3. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 9 ijunja 2005 g. # 248-O.
4. Aberhaev Je. R. Pravo na neprikosnovennost' chastnoj zhizni: juridicheskaja harakteristika i problemy realizacii //Russian Journal of Economics and Law. – 2018. – # 1.
5. Baglaj M. V. Konstitucionnoe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii: uchebnik dlja vuzov / Pod red. M. V. Begloj, B. N. Gabrichidze. – M., 1998.
6. Vinjukova I. V., Kuzahmetova S. E. Neprikosnovennost' chastnoj zhizni kak princip pravovogo regulirovanija otnoshenij v sfere zashhity informacii // Pravovaja kul'tura. – 2007. – # 1 (2).
7. Golovkin R. B. Pravovoe i moral'noe regulirovanie chastnoj zhizni v sovremennoj Rossii: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra jurid. nauk: 12.00.01. – Nizhnij Novgorod, 2005.
8. Lebedev V. Sudebnaja vlast' i sredstva massovoj informacii: teorija voprosa i praktika vzaimootnoshenij // Rossijskaja justicija. – 1999. – # 12.
9. Majorov A. V., Poperina E. N. Formirovanie i razvitie prava na neprikosnovennost' chastnoj zhizni// Juridicheskaja nauka i pravoohranitel'naja praktika. – 2012. – # 3.
10. Mitcukova G. A. Pravo na neprikosnovennost' chastnoj zhizni kak konstitucionnoe pravo cheloveka i grazhdanina: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg, 2005.
11. Pozdnikin P. Ju. Informacija i chastnaja zhizn': problemy, regulirovanie, vzgljady // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2012. – # 1.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Evsikova
E.V., Buts S.B.
To the law on the amendment to the Constitution of the Russian Federation – 2020
The article analyzes and reveals the features of individual amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation provided for by the Law on Amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation No. 1-FKZ of March 14, 2020. At the same time, within the framework of this study, the authors analyze proposals for amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, set out in the President’s address to the Federal Assembly, as well as amendments made by the Law on Amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Based on the analysis, the authors make their reasoned proposals for an amendment to the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: Law on Amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, public authority, federal territory.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Zakon RF o popravke k Konstitucii RF ot 14.03.2020 # 1-FKZ «O sovershenstvovanii regulirovanija otdel'nyh voprosov organizacii i funkcionirovanija publichnoj vlasti». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_346019/.
2. Poslanie Prezidenta RF Federal'nomu Sobraniju ot 15.01.2020 «Poslanie Prezidenta Federal'nomu Sobraniju». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – [Rezhim dostupa]: http://www.consultant.ru/.
3. Bondarchuk I. V., Rudenko A. V. problemy razvitija zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Krym kak novogo sub"ekta Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 9 (160). – S. 90-92.
4. Evsikova E. V. Aktual'nye problemy razvitija pravovoj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii na sovremennom jetape // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennogo rossijskogo gosudarstva i prava: Materialy ezhegodnoj vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Kaliningrad, 19 maja 2017 goda. –Kaliningrad: Kaliningradskij filial Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii, 2017. – S. 48-53.
5. Evsikova E. V. Nekotorye administrativno-pravovye aspekty usovershenstvovanija dejstvujushhego zakonodatel'stva v chasti vnesenija popravok v Konstituciju Rossijskoj Federacii // Krymskie juridicheskie chtenija. Razvitie konstitucionalizma v Rossii: Sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. V 2-h tomah, Simferopol', 10-11 ijunja 2020 goda / Pod obshhej redakciej N. N. Koljuki. – Simferopol': Obshhestvo s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju «Amirit», 2020. –S. 319-324.
6. Evsikova E. V. Nekotorye funkcional'no-strukturnye aspekty reformirovanija sudebnoj sistemy Rossijskoj federacii // Aktual'nye problemy prava i pravoprimenitel'noj dejatel'nosti na sovremennom jetape: Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii; pod obshhej redakciej V. A. Sosova, Novorossijsk, 25–6 sentjabrja 2014 goda / Krasnodarskij universitet MVD Rossii, Novorossijskij filial Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii, OOO «Izdatel'skij Dom–Jug». –Novorossijsk: Obshhestvo s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju «Izdatel'skij Dom –Jug», 2014. – S. 405-411.
7. Evsikova E. V., Ogol' V. L. Nekotorye problemy sostavlenija protokolov i privlechenija k administrativnoj otvetstvennosti federal'nym organom ispolnitel'noj vlasti na osnove soglashenij o peredache polnomochij i perspektivy ee reformirovanija // Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V. I. Vernadskogo. Juridicheskie nauki. –2020. –T. 6 (72). # 2. –S. 368-382.
8. Taeva N. E. Zakon Rossijskoj Federacii o popravke k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii: jevoljucija juridicheskih svojstv // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. –2020. –T. 15. –# 8. –S. 43-54. –DOI:10.17803/1994-1471.2020.117.8.043-054.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Isaev
M.U., Isaeva K.M.
Constitutional and legal mechanism for the implementation of the principle of political diversity
The article analyzes in detail the concept of “the principle of political diversity”, constitutional and legal mechanisms for the implementation of political diversity in the country, examines the existing problems in this area, due to the imperfection of the current legislation. The essence and some features of the implementation of political diversity in Russia at the present stage of development are considered. The complexities of the implementation mechanism caused by modern global threats are estimated.
Keywords: the principle of political diversity, constitutional and legal mechanism, principle, subjects of law, pluralism, democratic parties.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zyrjanov I. A. Politicheskoe mnogoobrazie v Rossijskoj Federacii: konstitucionno-pravovye voprosy: dissertacija ... k.ju.n.: 12.00.02; [Mesto zashhity: Sarat. gos. jurid. akad.]. - Saratov, 2015. - 240 s.
2. Ponomareva Ju. Ju. Realizacija principa politicheskogo mnogoobrazija v zakonodatel'stve o politicheskih partijah // Vestnik gosudarstvennogo i municipal'nogo upravlenija. - 2017. - # 1.- S. 39-45. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/realizatsiya-printsipapoliticheskogo-mnogoobraziya-v-zakonodatelstve-opoliticheskih-partiyah (data obrashhenija: 27.10.2021).
3. Starostenko K. V. Politicheskoe mnogoobrazie v Rossijskoj Federacii: voprosy teorii i praktiki: avtoreferat dis. ... d.p.n.: 23.00.02; [Mesto zashhity: Ros. akad. gos. sluzhby pri Prezidente RF].- Moskva, 2009. - 61 s.
4. Tumutolova Ju. V. Problemy politicheskogo mnogoobrazija // Sovremennoe obshhestvo i vlast'. - 2017. -# 2 (12). - S. 148-150.
5. Tumutolova Ju. V. Realizacija principa ideologicheskogo i politicheskogo mnogoobrazija (pljuralizma) v Rossii // Problemy i perspektivy razvitija gumanitarnyh i social'no-jekonomicheskih nauk. -2017. - S. 121-124.
6. Frolov A. A. Realizacija konstitucionnogo principa politicheskogo mnogoobrazija v Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoreferat dis. ... k.ju.n.: 12.00.02; [Mesto zashhity: Cheljab. gos. un-t]. - Cheljabinsk, 2011. - 22 s.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Kozlova
N.V., Kuleshova N.V.
Improving the constitutional and legal regulation of the organization and activities of public authorities in the territories of the subjects of the Russian Federation
The article is devoted to the analysis of the Draft Federal Law “On the general principles of the organization of public power in the subjects of the Russian Federation”. Its goal is to form an effective public authority at the regional level. A comparative analysis of the Draft and the current Federal Law “On the general principles of the organization of legislative (representative) and executive bodies of state power of the subjects of the Russian Federation” is carried out. The weaknesses of the Project are noted, conclusions are drawn about the possible consequences of the implementation of the considered legal norms in practice.
Keywords: public authority, interaction, participation, local self-government, local self-government, unified public authority, public authority system.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bjalkina T.M. Organizacija publichnoj vlasti na federal'nyh territorijah (na primere federal'noj territorii «Sirius») // Konstitucionalizm i gosudarstvovedenie. - 2021. - # 3(23).
2. Komarova V.V. Territorial'nye predely publichnoj vlasti i osobye statusy territorij // Obrazovanie i pravo. - 2020. - # 6.
3. Kuleshova N.V., Kozlova N.V. Perspektivy razvitija federal'nyh territorij v Rossii // Sovremennoe pravo. - 2021. - # 1.
4. Rumjancev O. G. Ob izmenenijah v organizacii i funkcionirovanii vlastnogo mehanizma v rezul'tate konstitucionnoj reformy 2020 goda v Rossijskoj Federacii // Gumanitarnye nauki. Vestnik Finansovogo universiteta. - 2020. - # 2.
5. Sovremennye problemy organizacii publichnoj vlasti / Avak'jan S.A., Sheverdjaev S.N., Kenenova I.P. - Moskva:Justicinform, 2014.
6. Habrieva, T. Ja. Konstitucionnaja reforma v sovremennom mire: monografija. - Moskva: INFRA-M, 2020.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Kunets
A.G.
On the right to be forgotten as an element of the constitutional right to privacy: through the prism of foreign experience to the prospects of legal regulation in the Republic of Belarus
The author analyzes the legal nature and content of «the right to be forgotten» in the Republic of Belarus as one of the elements of the constitutional right to privacy in the context of expanding the cross-border exchange of information. Comparative legal analysis of foreign experience of the normative content of the right to be forgotten, as well as the judicial practice allow the author to conclude the relevance of the normative consolidation of the right to be forgotten in the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.
Keywords: the right to privacy, the right to be forgotten, privacy, information society, personal data, deletion of personal data, information technology, cross-border data flow, personal data protection legislation, European Union jurisprudence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vasilevich D. G. Konstitucionnye osnovy realizacii somaticheskih prav: teorija i praktika. –Minsk: Adukacyja i vyhavanne, 2019.
2. Gol'man R., Lentovska Je., Frankovski S. Verhovnyj Sud SShA. O grazhdanskih pravah i svobodah. – Varshava: Bega, 1996.
3. Ivanskij V. P. Teoreticheskie problemy pravovoj zashhity chastnoj zhizni v svjazi s ispol'zovaniem informacionnyh tehnologij. – M., 1998.
4. Krasavchikova L. O. Lichnaja zhizn' pod ohranoj zakona. – M.: Jurid. lit., 1983.
5. Krotov A. V. Nekotorye aspekty i osobennosti regulirovanija prava na chastnuju zhizn' v formate internet-prostranstva. – Barnaul: IG «Si-press», 2015.
6. Kurakin A. S. Izmenenie soderzhanija prav cheloveka v jepohu razvitija informacionnyh tehnologiĭ// Ustojchivoe razvitie nauki i obrazovanija. 2018.– # 10. – S. 121.
7. Petruhin I. L. Lichnaja tajna (cheloveka i vlast'). –M.: Inst. gos-va i prava RAN, 1998.
8. Soldatova V. I. Zashhita personal'nyh dannyh v uslovijah primenenija cifrovyh tehnologiĭ //MGJuA: Lex Russica. – 2020.– # 2 (159). – S. 33.
9. Hendriks A., Hejden T., Novik Dzh. D. Prava cheloveka: Vashe pravo na neprikosnovennost' chastnoj zhizni. – SPb.: 1996.
10. Cadykova Je. A. Konstitucionnoe pravo na neprikosnovennost' chastnoj zhizni: sravnitel'no-pravovoe issledovanie. – M., 2007.
11. Isom D. Google Search and the «Right to Be Forgotten»// Los Angeles: University of California, 2015. –P. 76.
12. O’Hara K. A Pragmatic Approach to the Right to Be Forgotten // CIGI. Chatham house, 2016. –P. 18.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Mironova
O.A.
The right to privacy in the context of the digitalization of society
The article describes the structure of the right to privacy that has developed in the context of the digitalization of society. Particular attention is paid to the rights related to the right to privacy, the need for legislative consolidation of the definition of private life and, accordingly, the limits of interference in private life.
Keywords: constitutional rights, right to personal privacy, private life, digital identity, digitalization of society, personal data.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii, prinjata na vsenarodnom golosovanii 12 dekabrja 1993 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.costitutio.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 14.09.2021).
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 13.06.1996 g. # 63-FZ. GKDZh.
3. O personal'nyh dannyh: Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.07.2006 # 152-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_61801// (data obrashhenija: 14.09.2021).
4. Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.07.2006 # 149-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_61798/ (data obrashhenija: 14.09.2021).
5. O svjazi: Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.07.2003 # 126-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_43224/ (data obrashhenija: 14.09.2021).
6. Doklad Special'nogo dokladchika po voprosu o prave na neprikosnovennost' chastnoj zhizni Dzhozefa A. Kannatachi. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://undocs.org/ru/A/75/147 (data obrashhenija: 10.10.2021).
7. Zor'kin V.D. Pravo v cifrovom mire: razmyshlenija na poljah Peterburgskogo mezhdunarodnogo juridicheskogo foruma // Rossijskaja gazeta 29 maja 2018.– # 115. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://rg.ru/2018/05/29/zorkin-zadacha-gosudarstvapriznavat-i-zashchishchat-cifrovyeprava-grazhdan.html (data obrashhenija: 14.09.2021).
8. Ivanskij V.P. Teoreticheskie problemy pravovoj zashhity chastnoj zhizni v svjazi s ispol'zovaniem informacionnyh tehnologij: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk, special'nost' 12.00.09. – M., 2018.
9. Karasev A.G., Kozhevnikov O.A., Meshherjagina V.A. Cifrovizacija pravootnoshenij i ee vlijanie na realizaciju otdel'nyh konstitucionnyh prav grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii // Antinomii. –2019. – T. 19. – Vyp. 3. – S. 99-119.
10. Meshherjakova V.V. Problemy pravovogo regulirovanija, svjazannye s pravom na vneshnij oblik // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. – 2019. – # 4. – S.72-78.
11. Nazarov B.L. Prava cheloveka: istorija, teorija i praktika: uchebnoe posobie. – M.: Russpit, 2019.
12. Romanova A.Ju. K voprosu o pravovom rezhime Bol'shih dannyh // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2019. – # 8. – S. 20-25.
13. Special'nyj dokladchik po voprosu o prave na neprikosnovennost' chastnoj zhizni [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.ohchr.org/RU/Issues/Privacy/SR/Pages/SRPrivacyIndex.aspx(data obrashhenija: 10.10.2021).
14. Shadrin S.A. Soderzhanie prava na neprikosnovennost' chastnoj zhizni po rossijskomu i evropejskomu zakonodatel'stvu // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2018. – # 1. – S. 84-91.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Nadin
A.N.
Control authority in Russia: current condition and prospects
The article considers contentious issues of the existence of control authority in Russia, the author substantiates a particularity of this branch of government in the abstract, also comes to the conclusion about general development tendency of control authority in Russia based on the analysis of particular state bodies activity.
Keywords: control authority, separation of powers, the Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation, Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, parliamentary monitoring.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 21.10.2021).
2. Zakon Rossijskoj Federacii o popravke k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14.03.2020 #1-FKZ «O sovershenstvovanii regulirovanija otdel'nyh voprosov organizacii i funkcionirovanija publichnoj vlasti» // «Rossijskaja gazeta». # 55.16.03.2020.
3. Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj zakon ot 21.07.1994 # 1-FKZ «O Konstitucionnom Sude Rossijskoj Federacii» // «Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF». 25.07.1994. # 13. st. 1447.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 17.01.1992 # 2202-1 «O prokurature Rossijskoj Federacii» // «Rossijskaja gazeta». # 229. 25.11.1995.
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.05.2013 # 77-FZ «O parlamentskom kontrole» // «Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF». 13.05.2013. # 19. st. 2304.
6. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.07.2014 # 212-FZ «Ob osnovah obshhestvennogo kontrolja v Rossijskoj Federacii» // «Rossijskaja gazeta». # 163. 23.07.2014.
7. Federal'nyj zakon ot 31.07.2020 # 248-FZ «O gosudarstvennom kontrole (nadzore) i municipal'nom kontrole v Rossijskoj Federacii» // «Rossijskaja gazeta». # 171. 05.08.2020.
8. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14.07.2015 # 21-P // «Vestnik Konstitucionnogo Suda RF». # 6. 2015.
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10. Avak'jan S.A. Konstitucionnoe pravo Rossii. Uchebnyj kurs v 2 t. T. 1. M., Norma: INFRA-M, 2020. 864 s.
11. Beljaev V.P. Kontrol' i nadzor kak formy juridicheskoj dejatel'nosti: voprosy teorii i praktiki. avtoref. dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk. Saratov, 2006. 56 s.
12. Burmistrov A.S. Kontrol'naja vlast' Rossii: problemy vydelenija // Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. 2012. # 6. S. 8-12.
13. Verhnjaja palata sovremennogo parlamenta: sravnitel'no-pravovoe issledovanie: monografija / V. E. Chirkin. M.: Norma: INFRA-M, 2020. 144 s.
14. Komarova V.V. Konstitucionnaja sistema vlasti Rossii i princip razdelenija vlastej // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2017. # 9. S. 36-46.
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CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Soshnikova
I.V., Rukoleev V.A.
Information openness as a factor in combating corruption
In the Russian Federation, anti-corruption legislation is recognized as one of the most progressive in the world. Despite this, corruption is not devoid of a stable position, and its manifestations are found everywhere. An analysis of judicial practice and statistical data suggests that the majority of corruption-related crimes are committed in the public sector. Procurement remains the most vulnerable to dishonesty and abuse. Realizing the unfavorable scenarios of state development in the absence of effective anti-corruption mechanisms, the international community is forced to search for an optimal solution. And it has been found, moreover, it is being implemented in many countries. We are talking about information transparency in the activities of public authorities.
Keywords: crime, corruption, public authorities, purchases, data, openness, informing, access to information, executive.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ostapovich I. Ju., Savos'kin A. V. O ponjatii konstitucionno-pravovoj kategorii «obrashhenie grazhdanina» // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2021. – # 462. – S. 248-255.
2. Protivodejstvie korrupcii: novye vyzovy: monografija / S. B. Ivanov, T. Ja. Habrieva, Ju. A. Chihanchin [i dr.]; otv. red. T. Ja. Habrieva. – Moskva: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii:INFRA-M, 2021.
3. Savos'kin A. V. Obrashhenija grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii: konstitucionno-pravovoe issledovanie: dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg, 2019.
4. Smirnyh S. E. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo v bor'be s korrupciej kak garantija preduprezhdenija torgovli det'mi // Rossijskaja justicija. – 2020. – # 12. – S. 16-19.
5. Orati S. Whistle Blower Policy. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – rezhim dostupa: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1790765 (data obrashhenija:01.11.2021).
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Fastovich G. G., Kapsargina S. A., Kudashova I. V.
On the issue of information technologies in modern Russia (on the example of the electronic document study management system)
The article analyzes the electronic document flow in the judicial system that currently exists. The characteristic features of information technologies, their essence, positive and negative sides, as well as their impact on the accessibility of justice are revealed. The problems associated with the
introduction of information technologies in domestic legal proceedings are determined. Conclusions are formulated about the problems and possibilities of further introduction of information technologies into the judicial system.
Keywords: information technologies, electronic document management, electronic justice, videoconferencing, electronic signature.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Ros. gaz. - 2020. - 04 ijulja.
2. Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj zakon ot 31.12.1996g. # 1-FKZ (red. ot 08.12.2020g.) «O sudebnoj sisteme Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 1997. - # 1. - St. 1.
3. Vlasov E. V. Dostupnost' pravosudija v administrativnom sudoproizvodstve: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - M., 2017. - 32 s.
4. Portal tehnicheskoj podderzhki GAS «Pravosudie». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. H- Rezhim dostupa: https://techportal.sudrf.ru/index.php?id=31.
5. Tepljashin I. V., Fastovich G. G. Kriterii jeffektivnosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma: obshheteoreticheskij analiz // Problemy modernizacii pravovoj sistemy sovremennogo rossijskogo obshhestva. Sbornik dokladov Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii, 2011. - S. 114-116.
6. Fastovich G. G., Kapsargina S. A. On the development of information technologies in the agro-industrial complex of modern Russia // V sbornike: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. III International Scientific Conference: AGRITECHIII- 2020: Agribusiness, Environmental Engineering and Biotechnologies. Krasnoyarsk Science and Technology City Hall of the Russian Union of Scientific and Engineering Associations, 2020. - S. 32010

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Platoshkina S. Yu.
The child and his constitutional and legal status in the Russian Federation
Children are the least protected category of the population in both social and legal aspects. Children often find themselves involved in armed conflicts arising from unstable political situations in various countries, are involved in committing crimes, or themselves become objects of criminal encroachment due to their physical and mental immaturity, as well as social vulnerability. In the article, the author analyzes the concept of «child», defines its constitutional and legal status. The constitutional and legal status of a child is a set of rights and freedoms enshrined in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, guarantees of their observance, as well as the duties of a person under the age of 18.
Keywords: minors, children, child, constitutional and legal status.
Work bibliographic list
1. Deklaracija prav rebenka (prinjata 20.11.1959 g. Rezoljuciej 1386 (XIV) na 841-m plenarnom zasedanii General'noj Assamblei OON) // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
2. Konvencija o pravah rebenka (odobrena General'noj Assambleej OON 20.11.1989 g., vstupila v silu dlja SSSR 15.09.1990 g.) // Sbornik mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov SSSR. – Vypusk XLVI. – 1993.
3. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 g. s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 1 ijulja 2020 g.). – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru.
4. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 18.07.2013 g. # 19-P «Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti punkta 13 chasti pervoj stat'i 83, abzaca tret'ego chasti vtoroj stat'i 331 i stat'i 351.1 Trudovogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s zhalobami grazhdan V.K. Bara-bash, A.N. Bekasova i drugih i zaprosom Murmanskoj oblastnoj Dumy»// Vestnik Konstitucionnogo Suda RF. – 2014. – # 1.
5. Ob osnovnyh garantijah prav rebenka v Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 24.07.1998 g. # 124-FZ (s izm. i dop.) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 03.08.1998. – # 31. – St. 3802.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Yudakova T. N.
Protection of constitutional rights of citizens by diplomatic missions of Ukraine in the context of a pandemic
The article examines the specifics of the work of diplomatic missions of Ukraine to protect the constitutional rights of citizens in a pandemic, and also reveals the main forms, directions and mechanisms of such protection. The author draws attention to the fact that in the conditions of the pandemic, the main mechanism of interaction of diplomatic missions of Ukraine with citizens were official Internet sites, e-mail, online platforms and social networks. As a result of the conducted research, it is concluded that in the current difficult conditions, the mechanisms of remote interaction with Ukrainian citizens in need of diplomatic protection were developed by the diplomatic missions of Ukraine in a timely manner.
Keywords: diplomatic representation, remote communication, constitutional rights, coronavirus, pandemic, Ukraine.
Work bibliographic list
1. Slin'ko T. N. Konstitucionnyj sud Ukrainy v mehanizme obespechenija osnovnyh prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina // Sudebnaja vlast' i ugolovnyj process. – 2013. – # 2.
2. Shevel' І. P. Diplomatіja pіd chas pandemії Covid-19: її rol' ta naslіdki u sferі diplomatії ta mіzhnarodnih vіdnosin // Mіzhnarodnі vіdnosini: teoretiko-praktichnі aspekti. – 2020. – # 6.

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Okulich A. I.
Discrimination: concept and problems of legislative definition
The article is devoted to the study of the lexeme “discrimination” that is repeatedly encountered in the text of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The article presents ideas about discrimination by international, foreign and national doctrines. The author analyzes the legislative definition of “discrimination” and identifies its significant shortcomings. Based on scientific material, the author expresses his opinion on the legislative formulation of discrimination.
Keywords: lexeme discrimination, doctrinal understanding of discrimination, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, problems of legislative definition of discrimination.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arutjunjan G. G., Baglaj M. V. Konstitucionnoe pravo. Jenciklopedicheskij slovar'. – M.: Norma, 2006.– 544 s.
2. Bol'shoj juridicheskij slovar' / Pod. red. A. Ja. Suhareva. 3-e izd. – M.: INFRA-M, 2009. – 856 s.
3. Dobren'kov V. I., Kravchenko A. I. Sociologija. –M.: INFRA-M, 2009. – 630 s.
4. Zherebilo T. V. Terminy i ponjatija lingvistiki:Obshhee jazykoznanie. Sociolingvistika. – Nazran':Piligrim, 2012. – 280 s.
5. Isaeva E. A. Predotvrashhenie diskriminacii v trudovyh otnoshenijah: teoreticheskie aspekty i juridicheskaja praktika: po opytu SShA: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. juridich. nauk. – Jaroslavl', 2008. – 26 s.
6. Komkova G. N. Konstitucionnyj princip ravenstva prav i svobod cheloveka v Rossii. – Izd-vo Saratovskogo universiteta, 2002. – 151 s.
7. Kruss V. I. Diskriminacija i differencirovannyj podhod k obladateljam konstitucionnyh prav i svobod // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2005. – # 12. – S.30-42.
8. Model'nye pravila evropejskogo chastnogo prava:perevod s angl. / N. Ju. Rasskazova [i dr.]. – M.: Statut, 2013. – 989 s.
9. Novickij M. Chto takoe prava cheloveka? // Zametki o pravah cheloveka i monitoringe prav cheloveka. Varshava: Hel'sinkskij fond po pravam cheloveka.– 1997. – 79 s.
10. Salikov M. S. Pravovye pozicii Konstitucionnogo suda Rossijskoj Federacii: ponjatie i sistema// Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Pravovedenie. – 2003. – # 5. – S. 49-59.
11. The Main Types and Causes of Discrimination (Memorandum submitted by the Secretary General). –New York: United Nations, 1949. – 88 p.

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Andryukhina I. Yu., Karama L. L.
Legal aspects of personnel policy and personnel work in the system of state and municipal service
The article examines the legal aspects of personnel policy and personnel work in the system of state authorities and local self-government in the Russian Federation and the Kaliningrad region,
reviews the regulatory legal acts of the federal and regional level regulating this area, analyzes the positive experience of implementing personnel policy in the Kaliningrad region.
Keywords: personnel policy, personnel work, public authorities and local self-government, state civil service, municipal service, employee.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii / Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.07.2004 # 79-FZ «O gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe Rossijskoj Federacii»/ Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O sisteme gosudarstvennoj sluzhby v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 27.07.2004 # 58-FZ» /Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
4. Federal'nyj zakon 02.03.2007 # 25-FZ «O municipal'noj sluzhbe v Rossijskoj Federacii» / Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
5. Zakon Kaliningradskoj oblasti ot 28.06.2005 # 609 «O gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe Kaliningradskoj oblasti» / Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
6. Zakon Kaliningradskoj oblasti ot 17.06.2016 #536 «O municipal'noj sluzhbe v Kaliningradskoj oblasti» / Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
7. Andrjuhina I. Ju., Karama L. L. Gosudarstvennaja i municipal'naja sluzhba: uchebnoe posobie. Chast' 1. - Saratov: Amirit, 2018. - 148 s.
8. Fomina V. P., Alekseeva S. G. Teorija upravlenija:uchebnoe posobie. - M.: Izd-vo Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo otkrytogo universiteta, 2011.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Zakopyrin V. N.
Appeal against the application of measures to ensure the proceedings in cases of administrative offenses
This article discusses the established procedure for appealing the application of measures to ensure the proceedings in cases of administrative offenses. Based on the analysis of the current legislation and regulatory decisions of the supreme courts of Russia, a reasonable conclusion is made about the need to combine the norms regulating the procedure for appealing these measures into the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: legality, administrative procedural norms, measures to ensure the proceedings in cases of administrative offenses, appeal.
Work bibliographic list
1. Administrativno-processual'noe pravo: ucheb. posobie / Bazhukova Ju. V., Drozd A. O., Kaplunov A. I. [i dr.]. Pod red. A. I. Kaplunova. - Sankt-Peterburg, 2017.
2. Administrativnyj process i administrativno-processual'noe pravo: Monografija / Sorokin V. D. -SPb.: Izdatel'stvo Juridicheskogo instituta (Sankt-Peterburg), 2002. - 474 s.
3. Zakopyrin V. N. Aktual'nye voprosy processual'nogo statusa poterpevshego po delu ob administrativnom pravonarushenii // Aktual'nye voprosy sovremennoj nauki i obrazovanija. - Moskva, 2021. - S. 83-89.
4. Zakopyrin V. N. O napravlenijah razvitija regulirovanija administrativnoj otvetstvennosti //Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo i administrativno-processual'nogo prava. - Sankt-Peterburg, 2020. - S. 357.

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Zyryanov I. V., Polikarpov D. I.
Actual problems of preventing family and household torts in modern Russia
The article is devoted to modern problems of prevention of domestic (domestic) violence. Despite the existence of a sufficient number of scientific studies conducted by both domestic and
foreign scientists devoted to the problems we are considering, for objective reasons, it does not take into account innovations in the regulatory and legal regulation of individual preventive work of all law enforcement agencies and the police, in particular, related to the expansion and specification of powers to apply forms of preventive impact, the introduction of a risk-based approach to the organization of such activities, changes in the operational situation in the country, mediated by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
Keywords: district police commissioner, offense, prevention, violence, family and domestic relations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 23.06.2016 # 182-FZ «Ob osnovah sistemy profilaktiki pravonarushenij v Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
2. Doklad General'nogo Sekretar' OON A. Guterrish.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://riafan.ru/1265306-pandemiya-obnazhila-problemudomashnego-nasiliya-v-rossii.
3. Zakon Respubliki Krym ot 01.09.2014 g. #60-ZRK «O profilaktike pravonarushenij v Respublike Krym». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
4. Otchet o profilakticheskoj rabote organov vnutrennih del (janvar'-dekabr' 2020 goda): Forma statisticheskoj otchetnosti, utverzhdennaja prikazom MVD Rossii ot 19 fevralja 2015 goda # 269, razdel 6 «Svedenija o rezul'tatah raboty uchastkovyh upolnomochennyh policii po profilaktike pravonarushenij». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus».

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Ismagilova A. R.
Interaction of divisions of internal affairs bodies and other bodies in order to prevent offenses committed by minors
The article reveals the activities of the main divisions of the internal affairs bodies carried out for the purpose of prevention, prevention of administrative offenses committed by minors.
Keywords: prevention of administrative offenses, district police commissioner, preventive work.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Keramova S. N.
Problems of improving the institute of district police officer in the Russian Federation
The article discusses the problems of improving the institution of district police officers, taking into account modern realities. The tasks of district police officers, their powers are highlighted, organizational issues are determined. Listed are the areas of activity of the district police officer. Attention is drawn to violations of the law, which are revealed in the process of consideration by the district police officer of citizens’ appeals. In conclusion, conclusions were drawn about the need to improve the legislation governing the institution of district police officers, as well as suggested ways of solving the problems considered.
Keywords: institute of district police officers, administrative legislation, administrative section, job responsibilities, individual prevention, administrative offenses.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Bikkinin I. A., Poezzhalov V. B. Problemy organizacii raboty po rassmotreniju obrashhenij grazhdan v dejatel'nosti uchastkovyh upolnomochennyh policii// Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo i administrativno-processual'nogo prava: sb. st. mezhdu-nar. nauch.-prakt. konf. – SPb., 2020. – S. 553-559.
2. Vagajcev V. M. K voprosu o sovershenstvovanii dejatel'nosti uchastkovyh upolnomochennyh policii po priemu, registracii, rassmotrenii obrashhenij grazhdan // Aktual'nye problemy bor'by s prestuplenijami i inymi pravonarushenijami. – 2021. – #21-1. – S. 114-115.
3. Valiev A. M. Problemy i puti sovershenstvovanija dejatel'nosti uchastkovogo upolnomochennogo policii // Vestnik Kazanskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2020. – T. 11. – # 4 (42). – S. 409-413.
4. Ganina S. V., Baguckij N. V. Problemnye aspekty dejatel'nosti uchastkovyh upolnomochennyh policii // Skif. Voprosy studencheskoj nauki. – 2019. –# 9 (37). – S. 220-224.
5. Katunin V. V. Dejatel'nost' uchastkovyh upolnomochennyh policii v uslovijah modernizacii organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii // Aktual'nye problemy bor'by s prestuplenijami i inymi pravonarushenijami. – 2014. – # 12-3. – S. 28-30.
6. Korablin K. K., Shkil' E. S. Administrativno-processual'nyj status uchastkovogo upolnomochennogo policii // Nauchnyj jelektronnyj zhurnal Meridian. – 2021. – # 1 (54). – S. 111-113.
7. Poltorackaja T. I. Voprosy sovershenstvovanija proizvodstva po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah // Vestnik Universiteta prokuratury RF. – 2019. – # 5 (73). – S. 125-128.
8. Potapenkova I. V. Problemnye aspekty organizacii dejatel'nosti uchastkovogo upolnomochennogo policii v uslovijah reformirovanija sistemy Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii// Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo prava
i processa. – 2018. – # 4. – S. 39-41.
9. Procenko A. I. O nekotoryh problemah pravoprimenenija v dejatel'nosti uchastkovyh upolnomochennyh policii // Policija i obshhestvo: problemy i perspektivy vzaimodejstvija. – 2019. – # 1 (3). – S.193-198.
10. Rol'ko R. I., Korablin K. K. Institut uchastkovogo upolnomochennogo policii v Rossii i obshhaja harakteristika ego dolzhnostnyh objazannostej // Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie III tysjacheletija: problemy i perspektivy: materialy mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt.
konf. – Habarovsk, 2018. – S. 126-134.
11. Habibova L. D. Osnovnye napravlenija dejatel'nosti uchastkovyh upolnomochennyh policii po preduprezhdeniju i profilaktike pravonarushenij i prestuplenij // Pravo: retrospektiva i perspektiva. – 2021. – # 2 (6). – S. 39-44.

CIVIL LAW
Abdullin A. R.
Litigation of disputes concerning violation of trademark rights from the perspective of consumers
The article examines the main trends affecting the process of considering cases related to violation of trademark rights. The author draws attention to the fact that at the moment the courts in the Russian Federation are guided by the most likely opinion / representation of an ordinary consumer regarding the degree of similarity of disputed pictorial or verbal designations.
As a result, the author comes to the conclusion that the courts, focusing on the most possible opinion of an ordinary consumer, in fact, reflect their own subjective point of view regarding the available evidence in the case.
In our opinion, the most effective can be an open conduct of online surveys among consumers of goods in order to form an opinion about the possibility of mixing controversial goods. Using digital tools, conducting such surveys can be made as economically as possible for the courts and as interesting as possible from the point of view of consumers. In some cases, it is necessary to seek the help of specialists – linguists and philologists to establish semantic similarities, designers to establish visual similarities, as well as experts in certain areas, based on the characteristics of the case in question.
Keywords: trademark, arbitration court, ordinary consumer, MKTU, logo, brand, identity, similarity to the point of confusion.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dobrikova E. Tovarnye znaki i patenty: aktual'naja sudebnaja praktika // Informacionno-pravovoj portal «Garant». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.garant.ru/article/627357/ (data obrashhenija: 15.10.2021).
2. Kalacheva T. L., Mamaeva K. Tovarnyj znak kak sredstvo individualizacii v sovremennom rynochnom oborote// Uchenye zametki TOGU. – 2013. – Tom 4. – # 4.
3. Budi Basa Zajka Mi – otzyv // IRECOMMEND. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://irecommend.ru/content/sledite-za-detskimi-trendamivam-nuzhna-zaika-mi (data obrashhenija: 15.10.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Glebova E. V., Senokyan M.
The emergence of property rights under article 234 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation: problems of acquisition and protection
The article is devoted to the emergence of property rights through the institution of acquisition limitation. The authors analyze the goals of its existence and prospects for development in the theory and practice of domestic civil law. The concept of the acquisition prescription and the conditions for the emergence of this institution are analyzed. The author also examines the problems that arise when acquiring property rights on this basis and legitimate methods of protection.
Keywords: property rights, property right, acquisition limitation period, protection of property rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abljatipova N. A. Beshozjajnye nedvizhimye veshhi:problemy opredelenija i pravovogo regulirovanija //Juridicheskie nauki. - 2018. - T. 4 (70). - # 4. - S. 262-268.
2. Bartoshek M. Rimskoe pravo: Ponjatija, terminy, opredelenija; per. s cheshsk. - M., 1989. - 448 s.
3. Bashirina E. N., Firsova N. V. Priznanie prava sobstvennosti na ob"ekt nezavershennogo stroitel'stva v vide kvartiry v mnogokvartirnom zhilom dome // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2015. - # 2 (81). - S.130-131.
4. Lushina L. A., Kochkurova K. S. K voprosu o soderzhanii priobretatel'noj davnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii // Juridicheskaja nauka i praktika: Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2013. - # 24. - S.115.

CIVIL LAW
Gulyaeva T. B., Gnetova L. V., Fabrichnaya L. I.
Legal aspects of insurance legislation at the beginning of the 20th century
The article deals with the issues of legal regulation of certain types of social security in the early 20th century. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the laws of June 2, 1903 and June 23, 1912, which regulated the life and health insurance of workers in factories and factories. The norms regulating insurance in cases of illness and accidents in hospital funds and in insurance partnerships are considered in detail. The authors conclude that the insurance legislation of the period under review was of a dual nature. On the one hand, prerevolutionary legislation took care of workers and there was insurance in case of illness and accidents. On the other hand, the legislator generally refused insurance in the field of crafts, trade, construction, agriculture, public railways and factories owned by the treasury. In this context, such an approach to insurance seems illogical and historically unjustified.
Keywords: life, health, accident, illness, insurance, benefits, insurance laws, labor protection.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Pravila o voznagrazhdenii poterpevshih vsledstvie neschastnyh sluchaev rabochih i sluzhashhih, a ravno chlenov ih semejstv v predprijatijah fabrichno-zavodskoj, gornoj i gornozavodskoj promyshlennosti (Vysochajshe utverzhdeny 2-go ijunja 1903 goda). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.hist.msu.ru/ER/Etext/1903.htm.
2. Strahovye zakony 23 ijunja 1912 g.: Ob obespechenii rabochih na sluchaj bolezni, o strahovanii rabochih ot neschastnyh sluchaev, ob uchrezhdenii prisutstvij po delam strahovanija rabochih i ob uchrezhdenii Soveta po delam strahovanija rabochih. - Sankt-Peterburg: Izdatel'stvo «Social'noe strahovanie», 1912. - Vyp. # 2. - 76 s.

CIVIL LAW
Dosova A. V., Khudari A. A., Kotelnikova D. V.
Use of special knowledge in the implementation of control and supervision activities over the sphere of housing and communal services in the 19th century
The problem of identifying and suppressing illegal activities in this area is relevant for society from the moment of its formation. An analysis of historical sources shows that today this problem has not been sufficiently studied and requires a comprehensive historical study. The article analyzes the dynamics of attracting persons with special knowledge in the implementation of control and supervisory activities over the sphere of housing and communal services in the 19th century.
Keywords: housing and communal services, history, landscaping, examination.
Work bibliographic list
1. GAKO. - F. 1. - Op. 1. - D. 156. - L. 68-71ob.
2. Gorod Tomsk. - Tomsk, 1912.
3. Krylov I. F. Sudebnaja jekspertiza v ugolovnom processe. - L., 1963.
4. Sakovich V. A. Gosudarstvennyj kontrol' v Rossii. Ego istorija i sovremennoe ustrojstvo. Ch. 2. - S.-Peterburg, 1897.

CIVIL LAW
Ivanova L. A., Usova E. V.
Practical issues of implementation of civil law norms on unjustified enrichment
The article deals with general theoretical provisions on unjust enrichment in civil law. It has been established that liabilities arising from unjust enrichment are controversial. Some issues of practical implementation of the norms on unjust enrichment arising from non-contractual and contractual legal relations based on the materials of the judicial practice of the Astrakhan region are investigated.
The jurisprudence proves the necessity of applying the rule on conditon in the event of uncertainty in the individualization of the object of enrichment. The authors draw conclusions regarding the individualization of the object of enrichment.
Keywords: unjust enrichment, property right, condition, obligation, restoration of right.
Work bibliographic list
1. Goloskubov I.N. Neosnovatel'noe obogashhenie. Istorija zarozhdenija instituta i ego mesto v sovremennom rossijskom prave // Nauchnyj jelektronnyj zhurnal «Meridian». – 2021. # 4 (57). – S.122.
2. Krivenkova M.V., Gil'mutdinova L.I. Neosnovatel'noe obogashhenie pri rastorzhenii dogovora //Social'no-jekonomicheskie i tehnicheskie sistemy: issledovanie, proektirovanie, optimizacija. –2020. – # 2 (85). – S.128.

CIVIL LAW
Ivliev P. V., Ananjeva E. O.
Social responsibility of the massmedia for shaping the values of the population
This article examines topical issues of the social responsibility of the mass media, which they should bear before society. The positive historical experience of the development of society and the state is touched upon in the case when the latter assumes responsibility for control over the mass media. Analyzed are the harmful effects of content shock on minors. The current methods and measures for combating harmful information products and protecting the spiritual and moral development of both individual citizens and society as a whole are analyzed.
Keywords: mass media, mass media, information flow, shock content, social responsibility, digital platforms, the Internet, site, telecommunication technologies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 29.12.2010 g. # 436 «O zashhite detej ot informacii, prichinjajushhej vred iz zdorov'ju i razvitiju».
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27 ijulja 2006 g. # 149-FZ «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii».
3. Anan'eva E. O., Ivliev P. V. Dostoinstva i nedostatki perehoda rossijskoj sistemy obrazovanija v onlajn sredu // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. –# 8 (159).

CIVIL LAW
Karnova I. N.
The civil status of those sentenced to criminal punishment in the form of correctional labor
The article analyzes the civil status of those sentenced to criminal punishment in the form of correctional labor. The influence of punishment on the legal personality of the convicted person is investigated. The content of the legal capacity of convicts to correctional labor is considered; the impact of correctional labor on the ability to acquire and exercise subjective civil rights.
Keywords: punishment, correctional labor, civil status, legal capacity, legal capacity, subjective civil rights.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Gabaraev A.Sh. Problemy zakonodatel'nogo sovershenstvovanija regulirovanija ispolnenija ugolovnogo nakazanija v vide ispravitel'nyh rabot // Rossijskaja justicija. 2016. # 1.
2. Shonin I.G. Sobljudenie zakonodatel'stva pri ispolnenii nakazanija v vide ispravitel'nyh rabot //Zakonnost'. 2021. # 7.
3. Golovina S.Ju., Ljutov N.L. Mezhdunarodnye trudovye standarty i rossijskoe trudovoe pravo: perspektivy koordinacii: Monografija. M.: NORMA, 2016.
4. Ioffe O.S. Sovetskoe grazhdanskoe pravo. M.: Izdatel'stvo Leningradskogo universiteta, 1958. 512 s.
5. Shershenevich G.F. Uchebnik russkogo grazhdanskogo prava. T. 1. M.: Statut, 2005. 461 s.

CIVIL LAW
Koshelyuk B. E., Bolgova A. S.
Grounds for the emergence of optional obligations
Тhe article examines the grounds for the emergence of optional obligations. The features of this obligation are analyzed, indicating its importance in civil circulation. The specific features of optional obligations have been identified, which make it possible to significantly adjust the legal facts, which may be the basis for their occurrence.
Keywords: optional obligation, civil law, transactions, freedom of contract, legal facts, performance of obligations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vahnin I. G. Tehnika dogovornoj raboty: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie / Pod. red. B. I. Puginskij.– M.: IKD Zercalo-M, 2018. – 268 s.
2. Titova N. K. Vlijanie rimskogo prava na institut objazatel'stvennogo prava Ostzejskih gubernij //Obshhestvennye nauki. – 2017. – # 6. – S. 507-513.

CIVIL LAW
Krykova D. D., Matyukhin V. V., Abrosimova E. A.
The doctrine of piecing the corporate veil as one of the mechanisms for extending an arbitration agreement to third parties
The rising complexity of disputes in international commercial arbitration often requires non-signatories of an arbitration agreement to be involved in the arbitration. In the meantime, the party’s consent to arbitration remains one of the main prerequisites of arbitration.
Traditional instruments of arbitration agreement extension to third parties, which are common to most legal systems, are based on revealing third parties’ consent, even if it is not expressed. Nevertheless, it is acceptable to disregard this principle in situations when violated rights are to be protected. In these cases, arbitrators apply so-called ‘non-signatories’ theories’ – legal instruments, which have different features depending on jurisdiction. One of them is the doctrine of piercing the corporate veil – initially, it was aimed at imposing the corporate liability for the legal entity on its holder, but later became applicable also for arbitration. There are still no uniform criteria for applying the doctrine, but it is limited by cases of fraud and abuse of rights in most jurisdictions.
Keywords: international commercial arbitration, arbitration agreement, arbitration clause, extension of an arbitration agreement, third parties, piecing the corporate veil doctrine.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bridas S.A.PI.C. v Government of Turkmenistan 345 F.3d 347 (5th Cir. 2003).
2. FR8 Singapore Pte. Ltd. v. Albacore Maritime Inc., 754 F.Supp. 2d 628, 622 (D.N.Y. 2010).
3. Manuchar Steel Hong Kong Ltd v Star Pacific Line Pte Ltd [2014] 4 SLR 832.
4. Opredelenie VAS RF ot 23.12.2013 N VAS-16126/13 po delu N A40-41781/13–69–197 // SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
5. Andersson F., Isaksson T., Juhansson M., Nil'sson U. Arbitrazh v Shvecii / Pod red. Dzh. Herre; Per. s angl. D. Vasil'evoj, Ju. Zagonek, M. Petrika, A. Ul'i; Otv. red. per. N. Petrik. – M.: Statut. 2014.– S. 77-78.
6. Budylin S. L., Ivanec Ju. L. Sryvaja pokrovy. Doktrina snjatija korporativnoj vuali v zarubezhnyh stranah i v Rossii // Vestnik VAS RF. – 2013. – # 7 //SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
7. Karabel'nikov B. R. Tret'i lica i tretejskij sud: rossijskie problemy // Transgranichnyj torgovyj oborot i pravo. Sbornik statej i jesse v chest' 50-letija A. N. Zhil'cova. Pod red. A. I. Muranova, V. V. Plehanova. – M.: Infotropik-Media. – 2013. – S. 91.
8. Lysov S. V. Privlechenie tret'ih lic k uchastiju v razbiratel'stve v mezhdunarodnom
kommercheskom arbitrazhe // Tretejskij sud. –2016. – # 4/5. – S. 115.
9. Potapov N. A. Pronizyvajushhaja otvetstvennost' v korporativnom prave na primere SShA i Germanii// Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. – 2017. – S. 151.
10. Potapov N. A. Snjatie korporativnyh pokrovov: teoretiko-pravovoj aspekt // Pravo i gosudarstvo. –2014. – # 1 (109). – S. 34-38.
11. Rozeeva A. R. Rossijskaja praktika rasprostranenija arbitrazhnogo soglashenija na tret'ih lic // Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. – 2016. – # 7. – C. 58.
12. Rusakova E. P., Jong Dominges Je. H. Rasprostranenie arbitrazhnoj ogovorki na ne podpisavshie ee storony: uroki sravnitel'nogo prava // Legal Concept. – 2021. – # 1. – S. 149.
13. Blackaby N., Partasides C., Redfern A., Hunter M. Redfern and Hunter on International Arbitration. Kluwer Law International. – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. – P. 154.
14. Blessing M. Introduction to Arbitration – Swiss and International Perspectives. – Basel; Frankfurt am Main: Helbing und Lichtenhahn, 1999. – P. 189.
15. Dedkovskij I. V otsutstvie chetkih kriteriev. Jeho «gromkih» del // Advokatskaja gazeta. 2017. Vypusk 4. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.advgazeta.ru/arhivnye-zapisi/ekho-gromkikhdel/(data obrashhenija: 16.10.2021).
16. Pleshanova O. Investora ne pustili za «korporativnuju vual'» // Sud zashhitil pravitel'stvo Moskvy ot chastnogo prava //Zakon.ru. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://zakon.ru/blog/2013/9/11/investora_ne_pustili_za_korporativnuyu_vual__sud_
zashhitil_pravitelstvo_moskvy_ot_chastnogo_prava(data obrashhenija: 17.10.2021).
17. Snjatie korporativnoj vuali v sudebnoj i arbitrazhnoj praktike Rossii // Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner (Russia) LLP. – 2013. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://bclplaw.ru/actual/publication/76138/ (data obrashhenija: 15.10.2021).
18. Smutny A. C., Gallagher N. 2021 International Arbitration Survey: Adapting Arbitration to a Changing World // White & Case. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.whitecase.com/publications/insight/2021-international-arbitration-survey (data obrashhenija: 10.10.2021).
19. Thng A., Kronenburg E. D. In brief: arbitration agreements in Singapore // Lexology. February 26, 2021.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=8e732798-8f01-44a9-873c-babdc03e4ebd (data obrashhenija:15.10.2021).

CIVIL LAW
Lukmanova I. N.
Actual acceptance of inheritance by conclusive actions
The article discusses topical issues related to the actions of the heirs that arise in the process of their actual acceptance of inheritance, its registration, analyzes the actions that indicate its fulfillment, expression of will. The legal analysis of the actual acceptance of the inheritance as one of the ways of its acceptance is carried out.
Keywords: inheritance, acceptance of an inheritance, unilateral transaction, expression of will, implicative actions.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (Chast' tret'ja) ot 26 nojabrja 2001 goda # 146-FZ (red. ot 18 marta 2019 g.) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 3 dekabrja 2001. - # 49. -St. 4552.
2. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 22 avgusta 2019 g. po delu # 33-37241/2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:«Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 28 avgusta 2019 g. po delu # 33-36099/2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:«Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Nizhegorodskogo oblastnogo suda ot 9 oktjabrja 2018 g. po delu # 33-11970/2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:«Konsul'tantPljus».
5. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Sankt-Peterburgskogo gorodskogo suda ot 4 ijulja 2019 g. po delu # 33-14315/2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:«Konsul'tantPljus».
6. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Sverdlovskogo oblastnogo suda ot 19 nojabrja 2019 g. po delu # 33-20403/2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:«Konsul'tantPljus».
7. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Stavropol'skogo kraevogo suda ot 31 ijulja 2015 g. po delu # 33-5083/2015.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: «Konsul'tantPljus».
8. Metodicheskie rekomendacii po oformleniju nasledstvennyh prav (utv. resheniem Pravlenija FNP ot 25 marta 2019 g., protokol # 03/19) // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 20.11.2021).
9. Opredelenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 21 aprelja 2015 g. # 4g/5-4133/2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: «Konsul'tantPljus».
10. Osnovy zakonodatel'stva RF o notariate, utv. Verhovnym Sovetom RF 11 fevralja 1993 g. # 4462-1(red. 2 ijulja 2021 g.) // Rossijskaja gazeta ot 13 marta 1993 g.
11. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 29 maja 2012 g. # 9 «O sudebnoj praktike po delu o nasledovanii» (red. ot 23 aprelja 2019 g.) // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. - 2012. - # 7.
12. Prikaz Ministerstva justicii RF ot 16 aprelja 2014 g. # 78 «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil notarial'nogo deloproizvodstva» (red. 30 sentjabrja 2020 g.) //Rossijskaja gazeta ot 25 aprelja 2014 g. - # 95.
13. Prikaz Minjusta Rossii ot 30 avgusta 2017 # 156 «Ob utverzhdenii Reglamenta sovershenija notariusami notarial'nyh dejstvij, ustanavlivajushhego ob"em informacii, neobhodimoj notariusu dlja sovershenija notarial'nyh dejstvij, i sposob ee fiksirovanija» (red. 30 sentjabrja 2020 g.) // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 20.11.2021).
14. Rasskazova N. Ju. Fakticheskoe prinjatie nasledstva// Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava. - 2016. - # 5. - S. 68-109.
15. Sergeev A. P. Prezumpcija pravomernosti fakticheskogo vladenija s tochki zrenija znachenija i vidov prezumpcij v sovetskom prave // Pravosub"ektnost' po grazhdanskomu i hozjajstvennomu pravu. Mezhvuzovskij sbornik. - L.: Izd-vo Leningr. un-ta, 1983. - S. 122-134.
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19. Tuzov D. O. Teorija nedejstvitel'nosti sdelok: opyt rossijskogo prava v kontekste evropejskoj pravovoj tradicii. - M.: Statut, 2007. - 602 c.

CIVIL LAW
Ovdienko E. B.
To the delimitation of normative legal and individual contract in the light of integrative understanding of law concept
In the light of general contract theory the article grounds delimitation of notions: ‘normative legal contract’ (treaty) and ‘civil legal relations regulation by individual legal contract’. The author considers criteria of distinction between normative legal and individual legal contract. As a result of conducted research, the author makes a statement on different nature of ‘normative legal contract’ (treaty) and ‘individual contractual regulation of civil legal relations’. With this background and on the basis of scientifically grounded conception of integrative understanding of law, the author offers, within the general theory of contract, to identify understanding of a contract as a universal regulator for social relations but with that to distinguish ‘normative legal contract’ (treaty) and ‘individual contractual regulation of civil legal relations’.
Keywords: contract, normative legal contract, individual contract, individual legal regulation of civil relations.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 g. s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020 g. Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 04.07.2020).
2. Babenko A.N., Parfenova T.A. Ponjatie i priznaki normativnogo dogovora // Sibirskij juridicheskij vestnik. – 2004. – # 2. – S. 8-14.
3. Ershov V.V. Regulirovanie pravootnoshenij. – M.:RGUP, 2020. – 564 s.
4. Zlobin A.V. Formy prava v sovremennoj Rossii //Lex russica. – 2018. – # 4. – S. 23-36.
5. Ivanov V.V. Obshhie voprosy teorii dogovora. –M.: Jeditorial URSS, 2000. – 160 s.
6. Krasnov Ju.K., Nadvikova V.V., Shkatulla V.I.Juridicheskaja tehnika. – M.: Justicinform, 2014.– 536 s.
7. Marchenko M.N. Istochnik prava. – M.: TK «Velbi»; Izd-vo «Prospekt», 2008. – 760 s.
8. Melehin A.V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. – M.:Market DS, 2007. – 640 c.
9. Pljusnina O.V. Osnovnye kriterii razgranichenija individual'nyh dogovorov ot dogovorov normativnogo soderzhanija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2012. – # 3. – S. 86-88.
10. Popondopulo V.F. Dogovor – sredstvo chastno-pravovogo regulirovanija // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Pravo. – 2009. – #3. – S. 5-20.
11. Taranovskij F.V. Uchebnik jenciklopedii prava. –Jur'ev: tip. K. Mattisena, 1917. – 534 s.
12. Tihomirov Ju.A. Dogovor kak reguljator obshhestvennyh otnoshenij // Pravovedenie. – 1990. – #5. – S. 27-35.

CIVIL LAW
Ogorodnik V. F.
On the question of the admissibility of a contractual clause on limitation of liability in the legislation of the Russian Federation
The article reveals problematic issues about the possibility of the parties to include in the text of the contract a provision limiting liability for non-fulfillment or improper fulfillment of obligations. The author highlights the conditions under which the clause on limitation of liability of the debtor cannot be applied. The paper presents judicial practice concerning the issue of limiting the liability of a person who has improperly fulfilled an obligation.
Keywords: limitation of liability, exclusive clause, exclusion of liability, principle of freedom of contract, debtor.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Chast' pervaja Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 nojabrja 1994 g. # 51-FZ // Rossijskaja gazeta, 1994. – 8 dekabrja. – # 238-239.
2. Opredelenie SK po jekonomicheskim sporam Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 14 ijulja 2020 g. # 306-JeS20-2351 po delu # A65-11516/2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/ prime/doc/ 74290823/ (data poseshhenija: 05.10.2021).
3. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 24 marta 2016 g. # 7 «O primenenii sudami nekotoryh polozhenij Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ob otvetstvennosti za narushenie objazatel'stv» // Rossijskaja gazeta, 2016. – 4 aprelja. – # 70.
4. Postanovlenie Arbitrazhnogo suda Central'nogo okruga ot 12 dekabrja 2019 g. # F10-5728/19 po delu # A36-11457/2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo /prime/doc/ 40135851/ (data poseshhenija: 01.10.2021).
5. Komarov A. S. Principy mezhdunarodnyh kommercheskih dogovorov UNIDRUA (2010). Monografija. – M.: Statut, 2013.

CIVIL LAW
Nazarova N. A.
Legal institution of bankruptcy of citizens: emergence, development and formation in the modern legal system of the Russian Federation
This article analyzes the legal institution of bankruptcy of individuals, its emergence, development and formation in the modern legal system of the Russian Federation. A new approach to understanding the role of the average consumer, which opened the 20th century, outlined the prospects for the actual bankruptcy of individuals. The globalization of economic processes and, in particular, the market, have determined the special status of an individual. The emergence of a full-fledged bankruptcy procedure for an individual was largely due not to a humanistic approach, but rather to economic expediency based on the urgent need to stabilize the market.
Keywords: bankruptcy, insolvency, individuals, citizen, creditor, bankruptcy procedure.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Gavrilova N. V. Formirovanie instituta potrebitel'skogo (grazhdanskogo) bankrotstva: perspektivy i vazhnejshie voprosy // Imushhestvennye otnoshenija v RF. – 2008. – # 4. – S. 51.
2. Dzhagmaidze N. V. Razvitie zakonodatel'stva i pravoprimenenie po problemam nesostojatel'nosti i bankrotstva v Rossijskoj imperii (istoriko-pravovoe issledovanie). Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk:12.00.01. – M., 2006. – 202 c.
3. En'kova E. E. Problemy pravovogo regulirovanija nesostojatel'nosti (bankrotstva). Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.04. – M., 1999. – 212 c.
4. Kljuchevskaja N. Vnesudebnoe bankrotstvo grazhdanina: novaja procedura spisanija beznadjozhnyh dolgov// Analiticheskaja stat'ja «GARANT.RU». – 3 sentjabrja 2020 g. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.garant.ru/article/1409808/ (data obrashhenija: 19.10.2021).
5. Panfilova E. A. Finansovye predposylki vvedenija instituta bankrotstva fizicheskih lic v Rossijskoj Federacii // Jekonomicheskie nauki. – 2007.– # 5 (30). – S. 117.
6. Sinjakina A. M. Processual'nye osobennosti rassmotrenija arbitrazhnym sudom del o nesostojatel'nosti (bankrotstve). Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk:12.00.15. – M., 2004. – 186 c.
7. Smirnov E. E. V interesah sozdanija instituta bankrotstva fizicheskih lic // Auditor. – 2012. – # 6.– S. 4.
8. Smirnov E. E. Kakim byt' zakonu o bankrotstve fizicheskih lic // Auditor. – 2010. – # 11. – S. 3.
9. Stepanova V. V. Pravovye sistemy regulirovanija bankrotstva. Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03. – M.,1998. – 236 c.
10. Teljukina M. V. Konkursnoe pravo. Grazhdansko-pravovye problemy. Dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03.– M., 2003. – 473 c.
11. Teljukina M. V. Problemy nesostojatel'nosti i bankrotstva juridicheskih lic. Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03. – M., 1997. – 207 c.
12. Shershenevich G. F. Konkursnoe pravo. – Kazan', 1898.

CIVIL LAW
Pugacheva A. S.
Investment activity as a subject of civil law regulation
Investment activity is regulated by the norms of various branches of law. The purpose of the study is to characterize investment activity as a subject of civil law regulation. The methodological basis of the study was the activity-based and integrated approaches, which make it possible to define investment activity as the basis of legal relations arising in connection with the accumulation, attraction, investment of investments, the implementation of practical actions to make a profit and (or) achieve another useful effect. The main results of the study are to clarify the content, stages, objects and subjects of the classification of types of investment activities. The content of investment activities is a profitable investment, expected profitability, investment risk, contractual form, sequence. Organizational, practical, effective stages of investment activities are associated with legal grounds for the emergence, change, termination of investment legal relations. On the basis of interest (utility), material, financial, intangible objects of investment activity are identified. The main subject of investment activity is the investor. Categories of investors can be distinguished on the basis of forms of ownership, pooling of funds, nature and forms of activity. The criteria for the classification of types of investment activities include the forms of ownership of investors, their number, nature and forms of activity.
Keywords: investment activities as a subject of civil law, types of investment activities, stages of investment activities, characteristics of investment activities, investment legal relations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abylhatova S. O vozmozhnyh riskah v investicionnyh proektah // Innovacii i investicii. – 2021. – # 5. – S.19-23.
2. Agibalova E. N. Cifrovye prava v sisteme ob"ektov grazhdanskih prav // Juridicheskij vestnik Dagestanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2020. – # 1. – S.90-99.
3. Akinfieva V. V. Cifrovye finansovye aktivy kak novyj vid cifrovyh prav // Ex jure. – 2021. – # 1. – S. 46-55.
4. Alekseev S. S. Obshhaja teorija prava. V 2-h tomah / T. II. –M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1982. – 360 s.
5. Balabanov V., Dmitrieva E. Osnovnye ponjatija i sushhnost' investicionnoj dejatel'nosti predprijatija //MIR (Modernizacija. Innovacii. Razvitie). – 2012. –# 12. – S. 103-107.
6. Bolenchuk M. B. Sovershenstvovanie mehanizma razvitija investicionnogo klimata Rossii // Innovacii i investicii. – 2021. – # 6. – S. 184-187.
7. Viktorova N. N. Zloupotreblenie pravom so storony individual'nyh investorov v investicionnom arbitrazhe // Vestnik Universiteta imeni O. E. Kutafina.– 2021. – # 3 (79). – S. 72-81.
8. Gorelkina I. A., Beda D. V. Investicii v osnovnoj kapital: sovremennoe sostojanie i problemy // Innovacionnye aspekty razvitija nauki i tehniki. – 2021. – #2. – S. 127-134.
9. Dadaeva M. S., Nazaeva M. I., Cuculaeva B. R. Mehanizmy formirovanija regional'noj investicionnoj politiki // Vestnik Akademii znanij. – 2021. – # 1 (42).– S. 111-113.
10. Drokin A. A., Orehova E. V. K teorii voprosa ob investicijah // Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnicheskogo universiteta. – 2010. – # 7 (47). – S. 216-220.
11. Iljushkina E. S. Klassifikacija istochnikov finansirovanija innovacionno-investicionnyh proektov// Sovremennye tendencii v jekonomike i upravlenii:novyj vzgljad. – 2011. – # 10-2. – S. 151-157.
12. Investicii i investicionnaja dejatel'nost' organizacij / pod obshhej redakciej T. K. Rutkauskas. – Ekaterinburg: Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta, 2019.– 316 s.
13. Knjaginina G. V., Garifullina A. F., Hannanova T. R. Institut intellektual'noj sobstvennosti: analiz i perspektivy razvitija v uslovijah cifrovoj jekonomiki //Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta kooperacii. – 2021.– # 2 (44). – S. 35-38.
14. Komarova L. V. Analiz osnovnyh opredelenij i klassifikacii vidov investicionnoj dejatel'nosti //Jurist"-Pravoved". – 2007. – # 2. – S. 9-12.
15. Kuznecov A. V., Koval'chuk Ju. V., Gur'janov D. G. Sravnitel'nyj analiz investicionnyh napravlenij: franchajzing, startap, klassicheskoe predprinimatel'stvo
// Innovacii i investicii. – 2021. – # 3. – S. 36-40.
16. Kulagina N. A., Miheenko O. V., Chmaro A. V. Investicionnaja privlekatel'nost' kak uslovie razvitija predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti v regionah // Vestnik Akademii znanij. – 2021. – # 3 (44). – S. 156-161.
17. Kunickaja E. V. Investicionnoe soglashenie: ponjatie, primernye uslovija // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta im. V. N. Tatishheva. – 2021. – # 2 (98). – S. 143-150.
18. Kunickaja E. V. Razlichija investicionnoj i predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti cherez kategoriju interesa i riska // Juridicheskaja nauka. – 2021. – # 1. – S. 27-31.
19. Kurys' N. V. Teoretiko-metodologicheskie osnovy postroenija sistemy pravovogo regulirovanija inostrannogo investirovanija v Rossii // Vestnik Adygejskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 1: Regionovedenie: filosofija, istorija, sociologija, jurisprudencija, politologija, kul'turologija. – 2013. – # 3 (124).– S. 189.
20. Lapteva A. M. Investicionnoe pravo. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2020. – 535 s.
21. Lapteva A. M. Ponjatie i vidy investicionnyh cennyh bumag // Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija Pravo. – 2021. – # 1. – S.219-227.
22. Lapteva A. M. Ponjatie i vidy sub"ektov investicionnoj dejatel'nosti // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Serija 14. Pravo. – 2014. – # 1. – S. 55-61.
23. Lisica V. N. Grazhdansko-pravovoj mehanizm regulirovanija investicionnyh otnoshenij, oslozhnennyh inostrannym jelementom: dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk. – Novosibirsk: Rossijskaja akademija nauk, sibirskoe otdelenie, Institut filosofii i prava, 2013. – 417 s.
24. Lisica V. N. Investicionnoe pravo. – Novosibirsk:Novosibirskij nacional'no-issledovatel'skij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2015. – 568 s.
25. Lisica V. N. Pravovoe regulirovanie investicionnyh otnoshenij: teorija, zakonodatel'stvo i praktika primenenija. – Novosibirsk: Novosibirskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2011. – 265 s.
26. Majfat A. V. Grazhdansko-pravovye konstrukcii investirovanija. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2006. – 328 s.
27. Matycin D. E. Osobennosti zakljuchenija i ispolnenija investicionnyh sdelok v distancionno-cifrovoj forme v Rossii i za rubezhom // Obrazovanie i pravo. –2021. – # 2. – S. 157-162.
28. Mel'nichuk M. V. 6.4. Institucional'nye investory na finansovom rynke: mezhdunarodnyj opyt finansirovanija proektov, napravlennyh na ustojchivoe razvitie i «zelenyj» rost // Audit i finansovyj analiz. –2019.–# 4. –S. 124-128.
29. Milova L. N. Uchastie bankov v lizinge // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. –2021.–# 5-2. –S. 233-235.
30. Ogorodnikova E. P., Singaeva Ju. V. Investicionnyj process v innovacionnoj jekonomike // Sovremennye tehnologii upravlenija. –2021. –# 1 (94). –S. 4.
31. Olejnik G. V. Tendencii razvitija gosudarstvennoj finansovoj podderzhki investicionnoj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii // Jekonomika i biznes:teorija i praktika. –2021. –# 5-2. –C. 193-199.
32. Omarova A. B., Isabekov A. H. Klassifikacija investicionnyh pravootnoshenij // Vestnik Kazahstanskogo nacional'nogo universiteta. Serija Juridicheskaja. – 2014. –# 2(70). –S. 151-159.
33. Ponkin I. V., Red'kina A. I. Klassifikacija kak metod nauchnogo issledovanija, v chastnosti v juridicheskoj nauke // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki. –2017. –Vyp. 37. –C. 256-257.
34. Pravovoe regulirovanie jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti: edinstvo i differenciacija / otv. Red. I. V. Ershova, A. A. Mohov. –M.: Norma; INFRA-M, 2019. –464 s .
35. Protopopova P. Sravnitel'nyj analiz terminologicheskogo apparata i juridicheskogo soderzhanija norm rossijskogo i inostrannogo zakonodatel'stva, regulirujushhih zarubezhnuju investicionnuju dejatel'nost' //Okeanskij menedzhment. –2018. –# 2 (3). –S. 61-65.
36. Romanenko V. D., Osipov O. G., Omel'chenko I. V., Maksimov M. V. Analiz problem razvitija municipal'no-chastnogo partnerstva v Rossii // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. –2021.–# 4-1. –S. 146-149.
37. Sarafanova D. D. Probely v pravovom regulirovanii cifrovyh finansovyh aktivov // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. –2021. –# 11. –S. 274- 280.
38. Stepin A. B. Predely zashhity grazhdanskih prav: voprosy teorii i praktiki // Grazhdanskoe pravo. –2021.–# 1. –S. 11 - 14.
39. Syryh V. M. Podgotovka dissertacij po juridicheskim naukam: nastol'naja kniga soiskatelja. –M.: Rossijskaja akademija pravosudija, 2012. –500 s.
40. Terehova E. V. Pravovoe regulirovanie innovacij i investicij. –M.: RUSAJNS, 2019. –216 s.
41. Cvetkova E. A. Kategorija zakonnogo interesa v juridicheskoj nauke // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. –2016. –#3 (231). –S. 37-46.
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44. Chernus' N. Ju. Pravovoe regulirovanie investicionnoj dejatel'nosti // Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. –2016. –# 4-6. –S. 56-57.
45. Shershenevich G. F. Uchebnik russkogo grazhdanskogo prava (po izdaniju 1907 g.) / Vstupitel'naja stat'ja E. A. Suhanov. –M.: Firma «SPARK», 1995. –556 s.
46. Shomesov D. V. O regulirovanii investicij s tochki zrenija mezhdunarodnogo i vnutrennego zakonodatel'stva // Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj juridicheskoj akademii. –2021. –# 2 (139). –S. 223-229.
47. Shuvalov I. I. Normy grazhdanskogo zakonodatel'stva v regulirovanii investicionnoj dejatel'nosti // Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. –2020. # 3 (61).–S. 90-99.
48. Jalmaev R. A., Dzhabrailova L. H., Ahmedova Z. A. Jekonomicheskaja sushhnost' i klassifikacija investicij //Estestvenno-gumanitarnye issledovanija. –2021. –# 2(34). –S. 254-257.

CIVIL LAW
Rudykh S. N., Teterskaya O. A.
Terms and procedure of payment for goods, works, services under state and municipal contracts: problems and practice of application
One of the main factors by virtue of which suppliers, contractors, performers participate in the procurement of goods, works, services for state and municipal needs is the financial stability of the customer, which is guaranteed by budget obligations and regulated by federal laws. The article analyzes the changes that have occurred in the legislation regulating the terms and procedure for payment of state and municipal contracts concluded based on the results of procurement procedures under Federal Law No. 44-FZ.
Keywords: contract system, procurement, essential terms of the contract, terms and procedure of payment, advance payment.
Workbibliographiclist
1. O kontraktnoj sisteme v sfere zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlja obespechenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd: fed. zakon ot 05.04.2013 # 44-FZ// Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 08.04.2013. # 14.St. 1652.
2. Ob utverzhdenii perechnja tovarov i uslug, v otnoshenii kotoryh pri zakljuchenii dogovorov (gosudarstvennyh kontraktov) o postavke tovarov (okazanii uslug) poluchateljami sredstv federal'nogo bjudzheta ne predusmatrivajutsja avansovye platezhi: Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 16.01.2018 # 21-r(red. ot 27.03.2020) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2018. # 4. St. 674.
3. O vnesenii izmenenij v postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 9 dekabrja 2020 g. #2050 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2021. # 20. St. 3357.
4. O vnesenii izmenenij v nekotorye akty Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii v celjah povyshenija ravnomernosti ispolnenija federal'nogo bjudzheta po rashodam i snizhenija riskov ih neispolnenija i priznanii utrativshimi silu otdel'nyh polozhenij nekotoryh aktov Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii: Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Ros. Federacii ot 28.06.2021 # 1034 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2021. # 28. St. 5504.
5. O porjadke osushhestvlenija kontrolja, predusmotrennogo chastjami 5 i 5.1 stat'i 99 Federal'nogo zakona «O kontraktnoj sisteme v sfere zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlja obespechenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd», i ob izmenenii i priznanii utrativshimi silu nekotoryh aktov Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii: Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 06.08.2020 # 1193 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2020. # 33. St. 5393.
6. O porjadke vedenija reestra kontraktov, zakljuchennyh zakazchikami, i reestra kontraktov, soderzhashhego svedenija, sostavljajushhie gosudarstvennuju tajnu:Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Ros. Federacii ot 28.11.2013 # 1084 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2013. # 49. St. 6427.
7. Stepanova E.E. Kontraktnaja sistema v sfere zakupok: opyt civilisticheskogo issledovanija: Monografija. SPb.: Gamma, 2018. // Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
8. Chagin K.G. Avansirovanie ispolnenija kontraktov pri zakupkah po zakonam 223-FZ i 44-FZ // Progos-zakaz.RF. 2017. # 6. S. 40-49.

CIVIL LAW
Rykhletsky P. L.
General trends in the development of domestic legislation in the field of land easements
The article discusses the trends in the development of servitude legal relations in the Russian Federation. It is shown that in order to improve servitude legal relations, the legislator needs to develop and introduce into the content of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation the concept of an agreement on the establishment of an easement of a private legal nature. The author also substantiates the need to develop and fix rules (recommendations) aimed at determining the amount of payment for an easement.
Keywords: easement, restriction of land rights, development trends, digitalization, land law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Chast' pervaja Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 nojabrja 1994 g. # 51-FZ // Rossijskaja gazeta.– 1994. – 8 dekabrja. – # 238-239.
2. Avrunev E. I., Blohin D. Ju. Geoinformacionnoe obespechenie ustanovlenija granic servituta v territorial'nom obrazovanii // Interjekspo Geo-Sibir'. – 2019.– # 2. – S. 3-11.
3. Baltin V. Je., Orlova E. I. Opredelenie sorazmernoj platy za servitut zemel'nogo uchastka // Academy. –2018. – S. 1-5.
4. Cybulenko Z. I. Chastnye servituty v zakonodatel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj juridicheskoj akademii. – 2019. – # 2(127). – S. 130-142.

CIVIL LAW
Stepanenko O. G., Cherdakova L. A., Stepanenko Y. S.
To the question of the remote method of sale
The article examines the remote sales method as one of the most popular and in need of further improvement in the digital environment in connection with the implementation of the Information Society Development Strategy in the Russian Federation for 2017-2030. The concept, legal status and responsibility of the aggregator owner introduced in the Law on Consumer Protection are investigated, and the Civil Code of the Russian Federation is also investigated for the presence of a similar institution of an information intermediary. It is noted that the aggregator is responsible to the consumer only if he made a mistake in placing the information transmitted to him by the seller (contractor), but is not responsible for his selection of consumer counterparties. The authors note the advantages of electronic commerce, which currently falls under the legal category of “selling goods remotely”, obvious both to consumers and to other participants in civil turnover. nevertheless, there are much more problems. Firstly, there is no official profile definition of the concepts of electronic commerce, as well as there is no definition of electronic commerce itself. The lack of clear legal guarantees of electronic transactions and the legal status of information intermediaries raises a umber of questions and hinders the free development of electronic commerce.
It also seems to be a problem that Russian legislation regulates only remote trade in goods, but does not extend these features to the provision of services, as well as the performance of work, which in the era of the digital economy seems unreasonable.
Keywords: remote sales method, electronic trading platform, commodity aggregator, information intermediary, Internet commerce, Internet courts.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zhilina I.Ju. Jelektronnaja roznichnaja torgovlja v Rossii: sostojanie i perspektivy // Jekonomicheskie i social'nye problemy Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/elektronnaya-roznichnaya-torgovlya-vrossii-sostoyanie-i-perspektivy (data obrashhenija:12.04.2021).
2. Nepejvoda N. Pravosudie na konchikah pal'cev:opyt KNR. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://zakon.ru/blog/2020/5/2/pravosudie_na_konchikah_palcev_opyt_knr_83633 (data obrashhenija: 12.04.2021).
3. Prava potrebitelej v cifrovuju jepohu – obsuzhdenie na prezidiume Gossoveta. 18.04.2017. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://d-russia.ru/prava-potrebitelej-v-tsifrovuyu-epohu-obsuzhdenie-naprezidiume-gossoveta.html (data obrashhenija: 12.04.2021).
4. Poduzova E.B. Sub"ekty cifrovyh pravootnoshenij: tendencii prava i biznesa // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2021. # 2. S. 55-60.

CIVIL LAW
Sysoev A. V.
Problems of consumer protection in the case of direct debiting of funds in the cases established by the agreement
This article examines topical issues arising in the process of interaction between economics and law. Measures are proposed to improve the legislation of the Russian Federation in this area, as well as an analysis of the rules of law. The author suggests the most effective ways of protecting consumer rights in cases of illegal debiting of funds from a bank account in the process of using the services.
Keywords: direct debiting of funds, consumer rights, car rental, fine, offense.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399.
2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (GK RF) ot 30 nojabrja 1994 goda # 51-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_5142/.
3. Dunaev V. V. «Bezakceptnoe spisanie denezhnyh sredstv kak sposob nejurisdikcionnoj zashhity grazhdanskih prav predprinimatelej» // Sibirskij juridicheskij vestnik. – 2004. - # 4. - S. 40-41.
4. Zakon RF ot 07.02.1992 # 2300-1 (red. ot 11.06.2021) «O zashhite prav potrebitelej». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_305/.
5. Postanovlenie Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 4 dekabrja 2015 g. # 306-AD15-1220. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/71167550/.

CIVIL LAW
Shapoval O. V.
Obligations to transfer property to ownership in Swedish legislation
The article discusses the main provisions of Swedish legislation on the transfer of ownership of property. The analysis of normative acts regulating relations related to contracts of sale, barter, donation, mediating the transfer of ownership rights, mainly to real estate objects, is carried out. The characteristics of the procedure for concluding and terminating the contract are presented, the essential conditions, rights and obligations of the parties to these contracts are disclosed. A comparative characteristic with the provisions of the Russian civil legislation is carried out.
Keywords: real estate, contract of sale, barter and donation, essential conditions, conclusion and termination of the contract.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Shapoval O. V. Shvedskoe zakonodatel'stvo o nedvizhimosti i veshhnyh pravah // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 11 (150). - S. 176-178.
2. Land Code (1970:994) at the Riksdags website (only available in Swedish). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.boverket.se/en/start/building-insweden/swedish market/land/property-laws.
3. Real Property Formation Act (1970:988) at the Riksdags website (only available in Swedish). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.boverket.se/en/start/building-in-sweden/swedish-market/land/propertylaws/
4. Utility Easements Act (1973:1144) at the Riksdags website (only available in Swedish). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.boverket.se/en/start/building-in-sweden/swedish-market/land/property-laws.

CIVIL LAW
Ocaqli U. A.
Recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards in the Republic of Turkey
New opportunities for business projects and cooperation between leading companies are opening up ways to develop the Turkish economy, which are setting up their branches in Turkey. It is clear that if there are commercial interests and large capital, then commercial disputes are part of the establishment of trade and business relations. The appeal to the practice of the International Arbitration Court of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) which demonstrates a large number of new cases filed by the Republic of Turkey in the period from 2016 to 2020. The opening of a new independent arbitration institution “Istanbul Arbitration Center” is one of the main indicators of the development of interest in dispute resolution, which motivates not only local business parties, but also representatives of other business markets.
Keywords: international arbitration, arbitral awards, enforcement and recognition, public order, grounds for refusal.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ermakova E. P., Artem'eva Ju. A., Koncheva V. A., Rusakova E. P. Aktual'nye problemy grazhdanskogo processa: processual'naja reforma RF 2018 g. Uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie. M., 2019.
2. Rusakova E. P. Rassmotrenie chastnopravovyh sporov v stranah BRIKS. M.: RUDN, 2018.
3. Rusakova E. P. Sroki v grazhdanskom processe Brazilii. Sravnitel'no-pravovye aspekty pravootnoshenij grazhdanskogo oborota v sovremennom mire// Sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii pamjati V. K. Puchinskogo. Rossijskij universitet druzhby narodov; Pod redakciej E. E. Frolovoj, E. P. Rusakovoj. 2017. S. 78-84.
4. Jarkov V.V. Tretejskij sud Nacional'noj Associacii uchastnikov fondovogo rynka // Vestnik NA-UFOR. 1998. # 1.
5. Alan Redfern, Martin Hunter, Law and Practice of İnternational Commercial Arbitration, Swed, Maxwell, 1999.
6. Andreas F.Lowenfeld, Lex Mercatoria: an Arbitrator’s View’ in 6 Arbitration İnternational 133, 144 (1990).
7. Implementation of conciliation procedures in the civil process: the experience of Russia and Brazil. Rusakova E.P., Frolova E.E., Kleandrov M.I., Kupchina E.V. V sbornike: 5th International Conference on Advances in Education and Social Sciences Abstracts & Proceedings of ADVED 2019-5th International Conference on Advances in Education and Social Sciences. 2019. S. 278-284.
8. Rusakova E. P., Frolova E. E., Ocaqli U., Kupchina E.V. possibilities of enforcement procedure of foreign arbitral awards in Russian Federation and People’s Republic of China // V sbornike: 5th International Conference on Advances in Education and Social Sciences. Abstracts & Proceedings of ADVED 2019-5th International Conference on Advances in Education and Social Sciences. 2019. S. 285-290.
9. Rusakova E.P., Frolova E.E., Kupchina E.V., Ocaqli U. Recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards in the Federative Republic of Brazil // V sbornike:7th international conference on education and social sciences. Abstracts & Proceedings. 2020. S. 166-170.
10. The Principle of Equality of Arms - Part of the Right to a Fair Tria Toma, Elisa. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.internationallawreview.eu/fisiere/pdf/06-ElisaToma.pdf.

CIVIL LAW
Ananjeva E. O., Shmaeva T. A.
The right of citizens sentenced to criminal punishment in the form of imprisonment to make purchases using remote sales methods and automatic trading
The article analyzes the problematic issues that characterize the civil status of persons sentenced to criminal penalties. The paper considers new types of objects of civil rights, and, consequently, the possibility of this category of citizens on the basis of current legislation to use them. The measures aimed at legislative solution of these problems are proposed.
Keywords: civil legislation, civil status, sentenced to imprisonment, remote trading method, vending machines, consumer rights.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Anan'eva E. O. Grazhdansko-pravovaja otvetstvennost' lic, osuzhdennyh k ugolovnym nakazanijam:problemy ispolnenija reshenij sudov // Prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie. Sbornik tezisov vystuplenij i dokladov uchastnikov IV mezhdunarodnogo penitenciarnogo foruma: (k 140-letiju ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossii i 85-letiju Akademii FSIN Rossii): v 10 t. - 2019. - S. 177-181.
2. O pravilah vnutrennego rasporjadka v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah Norvegii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://norway.mid.ru/ru/consularservices/konsulsko_pravovye_vopros/o_pravilakh_vnutrennego_rasporyadka_v_ispravitelnykh_uchrezhdeniyakh_norvegii/ (data obrashhenija: 20.08.2021).
3. Ivliev P. V., Anan'eva E. O. Sredstva massovoj informacii kak chetvertaja vetv' vlasti // Zakon i pravo. - 2021. - # 1. - S. 50-52.

CIVIL LAW
Korostiev A. A.
Genesis of legal protection of intellectual property. From ancient Greek “patents” to the first full-fledged legal act on copyright protection
The article examines the formation and development of norms for the protection of intellectual property objects, starting with the ancient Greek “patents” and ending with the Statute of Anne. The author retrospectively traces the evolution of patent and copyright institutions and comes to the conclusion that the protection of intellectual property rights is a relatively new area of legal regulation.
Reproduction of the intellectual potential of society in ancient times was based on a system of patronage, subsidizing authors by rulers and kings. But such a system did not provide for the emergence of exclusive (monopoly) rights to the results of creative (intellectual) activity. The promotion of innovation by granting exclusive rights to inventors arises from the adoption of the Venetian Patent Statute of 1474. The conditions for granting exclusive rights are simple: the invention must meet three well-known criteria – to be useful, novel and non-obvious.
Keywords: intellectual property, exclusive right, privilege, invention, monopoly, patent, technological innovation, Filippo Brunelleschi, Statute of Anne, Venetian Patent Statute of 1474, Johannes Gutenberg.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anikin A.S. Soderzhanie i osushhestvlenie iskljuchitel'nyh prav: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2008. 239 s.
2. Bahtiarov A.A. Iogan Gutenberg, ego zhizn' i dejatel'nost' v svjazi s istoriej knigopechatanija. Serija «Zhizn' zamechatel'nyh ljudej» // SPb: Tipografija i Hromolitografija A. Transhel'. 1892. 94 s.
3. Bliznec I.A. Pravo intellektual'noj sobstvennosti v Rossijskoj Federacii: Teoretiko-pravovoe issledovanie: dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. M., 2003. 381 s.
4. Gavrilov Je.P. Nekotorye voprosy smezhnyh prav, ne osveshhavshiesja v rossijskoj doktrine // Patenty i licenzii. 2021. # 6. S. 40-44.
5. Gavrjushkin S.N. Intellektual'naja sobstvennost':lichnoe pravo i publichnyj interes // IS. Promyshlennaja sobstvennost'. 2019. # 10. S. 45-52.
6. Gorodov O.A. Pravo promyshlennoj sobstvennosti:uchebnik. M.: Statut, 2011. 942 s.
7. Grin' E.S. Pravovaja ohrana avtorskih prav: uchebnoe posobie dlja magistrov. M.: Prospekt, 2016. 112 s.
8. Dolinskaja V.V. Problemy chastnopravovoj kvalifikacii i sistematizacii ob"ektov intellektual'nyh prav // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. 2021. # 5. S. 25 - 36.
9. Lutkova O.V. Sistemoobrazujushhie principy v obshhej klassifikacii principov pravovogo regulirovanija transgranichnyh avtorskih otnoshenij // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2018. # 4. S. 159-169.
10. Mimeeva N.N. Istorija vozniknovenija i razvitija avtorskogo prava v Rossii i za rubezhom // Molodoj uchenyj. 2020. # 8 (298). S. 167-172.
11. Mjeggs P.B., Sergeev A.P. Intellektual'naja sobstvennost'. M.: Jurist", 2000. 396 s.
12. Navolockaja A.V., Ermakova K.V. Massimo Richchi —issledovatel' tvorchestva Filippo Brunelleski// Balandinskie chtenija. 2020. #1. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/massimo-richchi-issledovatel-tvorchestvafilippo-brunelleski (data obrashhenija: 04.11.2021).
13. Oganjan V.A. Istoriko-pravovye osnovy regulirovanija avtorskih prav Rossii v sravnenii s opytom zarubezhnyh stran // Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2019. T. 25. # 1. S. 239-242.
14. Parashhuk S.A. Ponjatie i vidy monopolij po zakonodatel'stvu Rossii // Aktual'nye voprosy sovremennogo konkurentnogo prava. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov / M.A. Akimova, A.V. Belickaja, V.S. Belyh i dr.; otv. red. M.A. Egorova. M.: Justicinform, 2017. Vyp. 1. 288 s.
15. Poljanskaja E.M., Kadovbenko V.D. Istorija vozniknovenija i razvitija avtorskogo prava v Rossijskoj Federacii i v zarubezhnyh stranah // Juridicheskij vestnik Samarskogo universiteta. 2018. T. 4. # 4. S. 115-122.
16. Pravo intellektual'noj sobstvennosti: uchebnik /E.V. Badulina, D.A. Gavrilov, E.S. Grin' i dr.; pod obshh. red. L.A. Novoselovoj. M.: Statut, 2017. T. 1:Obshhie polozhenija. 512 s.
17. Pravo intellektual'noj sobstvennosti: uchebnik /pod red. I.A. Blizneca. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. Moskva: Prospekt, 2016. 896 s.
18. Filimonov K.V. Formirovanie instituta zashhity prav intellektual'noj sobstvennosti v istoriko-pravovoj retrospektive // Zakonodatel'stvo i jekonomika. 2012. # 11. S. 19-25.
19. Shershenevich G.F. Avtorskoe pravo na literaturnye proizvedenija. Kazan': Tip. Imp. un-ta, 1891. 313 s.
20. Shherbak N.V. Jevoljucija struktury avtorskih prav v sovremennom grazhdanskom zakonodatel'stve // Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava. 2020. # 1. S. 133-145.
21. Mgbeoji, Ikechi. The Juridical Origins of the International Patent System: Towards a Historiography of the Role of Patents in Industrialization // Journal of the History of International Law. Volume 5, Issue 2 (2003), p. 403-422.
22. Nard, Craig Allen and Morriss, Andrew P., «Constitutionalizing Patents: From Venice to Philadelphia» (2006). Faculty Publications. 587. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://scholarlycommons.law.case.edu/faculty_publications/587 (data obrashhenija:31.10.2021).

CIVIL LAW
Koshelyuk B. E., Lebedeva A. A.
Types of injury submitting compensation under civil law
In this publication, the types of harm that are subject to compensation are considered. It considers a special tort – infliction of losses by state bodies. The general conditions for the occurrence of obligations from the infliction of losses are indicated, which have signs of a legal
composition. Special conditions in connection with which there is civil liability for the harm caused are specified.
Keywords: infliction of harm, civil legal obligation, compensation for damages, tort, government agency, moral harm.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ (red. ot 28.05.2021) //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. –1994. – # 32. – St. 3301.
2. Andreev Ju. N. Otvetstvennost' gosudarstva za prichinenie vreda. – SPb.: Centr-Press, 2019. – 374 s.
3. Basmanova N. K. O podhodah k opredeleniju sushhnosti pravootnoshenij vozmeshhenija i kompensacii // Zakon i pravo, 2019. – # 7. – S. 27-36.
4. Grazhdanskoe pravo: uchebnik. Chast' 2 / Pod red. A. P.Sergeeva. – M.: Prospekt, 2018. – 665 s.
5. Gribanov V. P. Predely osushhestvlenija i zashhity grazhdanskih prav // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2018. – # 12.– S. 66-69.
6. Komjagin D. L. Otvetstvennost' gosudarstvennoj kazny: publichnoe i chastnoe // KiberLeninka. –[Jelektronnyj istochnik] – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/.

CIVIL LAW
Nikitenko A. M., Chernysheva A. S., Stepanenko O. G.
Problems of distinction and application of the escrow account agreement
The article deals with a relatively new institution for civil law - an escrow account agreement. The relevance of the application of the contract is due to the fact that it is aimed at reducing risks in the performance of any transactions. This agreement is the most optimal way out of the situation, in the case when the parties are not confident in each other and trust a third party (escrow agent), who transfers funds when fulfilling the corresponding obligation. The main areas of application of the escrow account agreement are equity construction, sale of real estate, sale of securities. A distinction was made between this agreement and an irrevocable covered letter of credit, which can be used for the same purposes as an escrow account agreement, and also identified similarities and differences with an escrow agreement. Examining the content of the escrow account agreement, the authors come to the conclusion that the problem may be the absence in the law of the deadline and procedure for checking the documents provided to receive funds. So, the absence of a verification period allows escrow agents to unreasonably delay it. Another problem may be the lack of regulation of those situations when the beneficiary has a reason to receive funds (since he fulfilled his obligation to the depositor), but he did not manage to transfer the documents before the expiration of the contract. There is judicial practice on this issue. In order to prevent such disputes in the future, it is required in the law to establish a certain period after which the bank transfers funds. Also, a limited number of banks that can act as escrow agents are highlighted as a problem, since the business models of even those banks that meet the requirements of the law do not imply the opening and maintenance of these accounts. The authors come to the conclusion that at the present time the contract under study has not received widespread use, but it has good potential.
Keywords: escrow account agreement, escrow account, irrevocable letter of credit, escrow agreement, depositor, beneficiary, escrow agent.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bagandova L. K. Problemy primenenija schjota jeskrou: rossijskaja i zarubezhnaja praktika // Vestnik MGOU. Serija: Jurisprudencija. – 2018. – # 1.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemy-primeneniy (data obrashhenija: 22.03.2021).
2. Zaem, kredit, faktoring, vklad i schet: postatejnyj kommentarij k stat'jam 807–860.15 Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii / Otv. red. A. G. Karapetov. – M.: Statut, 2019.

CIVIL LAW
Primak V. V., Primak A. V.
On the legal regulation of the share purchase and sale agreement
This article is devoted to the study of the contract of sale of shares in civil law and legislation. The paper analyzes the norms regulating the features of the purchase and sale of shares and their
practical implementation. The authors raise the problem of the lack of a full-fledged legal regulation of this type of contract and suggest ways to solve this problem by filling gaps in legislation. Currently, the raised problem does not lose relevance, since correct and complete regulation of the turnover of shares in the modern world is necessary, because legislative gaps provoke the emergence of practical problems that the parties may face, including numerous court disputes.
Keywords: purchase and sale agreement, action, agreement of the parties, state registration, issue of shares, essential terms of the contract.
Work bibliographic list
1. Braginskij M. I., Vitrjanskij V. V. Dogovornoe pravo. Kniga pervaja: Obshhie polozhenija. 3-e izd., ster. – M.: Statut, 2011. – 847 s.
2. Grazhdanskoe pravo: uchebnik: v 3 t. T. 1 / pod red. A. P. Sergeeva. – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Prospekt, 2018. – 1040 s.
3. Guseva I. A. Finansovye rynki i instituty: uchebnik i praktikum dlja akademicheskogo bakalavriata.– M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2016. – 347 s. – Serija: Bakalavr. Akademicheskij kurs.
4. Klejn N. I. Princip svobody dogovora i osnovanija ego ogranichenija v predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2008.
5. Kremleva O. K. Dogovor kupli-prodazhi akcij: dis.... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03. – SPb., 2004.
6. Rossijskoe grazhdanskoe pravo: Uchebnik: V 2-h tomah. Tom I. Obshhaja chast'. Veshhnoe pravo. Nasledstvennoe pravo. Intellektual'nye prava. Lichnye neimushhestvennye prava / Otv. red. E. A. Suhanov. –M.: Statut, 2011.
7. Skvorcov O. Ju. Privatizacionnoe pravo: Ucheb. posobie. – M.: Biznes-shk. «Intel-Sintez», 1999. – 271 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Kharitonova A. A.
Inaction in civil law: passivity or activity?
The article examines the interpretation of civil law inaction as a passive form of legal behavior. It is noted that, being able to cause legally significant consequences in the civil sphere by abstaining from actions, civil inaction shows the feature of active legal behavior.
The conclusion is substantiated that inaction in civil law is passive in terms of its external demonstration, but active in terms of involvement in social processes.
Keywords: civil law inaction, legal behavior, forms of legal behavior, passivity of civil law inaction, activity of civil law inaction.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Aslanjan N. P., Vinichenko Ju. V. O ponjatii bezdejstvija i ego meste v klassifikacii grazhdansko-pravovyh juridicheskih faktov // Akademicheskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 4 (82). – S. 40-47.
2. Durmanov N. D. Ponjatie prestuplenija. – M.-L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1948. – 311 s.
3. Ioffe O. S. Obshhee uchenie ob objazatel'stvah // Ioffe O. S. Izbrannye trudy: V 4 t. T. III. Objazatel'stvennoe pravo. – SPb., 2004. – S. 51-882.
4. Kudrjavcev V. N. Pravovoe povedenie: norma i patologija. – M.: Nauka, 1982. – 287 s.
5. Kudrjavcev V. N., Malein N. S. Pravovoe povedenie, ego sub"ekty i predely // Pravovedenie. – 1989. –# 3. – S. 31-40.
6. Ozhegov S. I., Shvedova N. Ju. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka. – M.: OOO «A TEMP», 2006. – 944 s.
7. Ojgenziht V. A. Volja i voleiz"javlenie (Ocherki teorii, filosofii i psihologii prava). – Dushanbe: Donish, 1983. – 256 s.
8. P'janov N. A. Pravovoe povedenie: ponjatie i vidy// Sibirskij juridicheskij vestnik. – 2004. – # 4.– S. 11-14.
9. Rybakov V. A., Rybakov V. V., Loshakova S. A. Pravovaja iniciativa i grazhdansko-pravovaja aktivnost': ponjatie, sushhnost', osobennosti, vospitatel'naja funkcija //Juridicheskaja nauka. – 2016. – # 5. – S. 93-97.
10. Sechenov I. M. Refleksy golovnogo mozga // Sechenov I. M. Jelementy mysli. – SPb.: Piter, 2001. – S. 3-117.
11. Ter-Akopov A. A. Bezdejstvie kak forma prestupnogo povedenija. – M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1980. – 152 s.
12. Timejko G. V. Obshhee uchenie ob ob"ektivnoj storone prestuplenija. – Rostov-n/D.: Izd-vo Rostovskogo un-ta, 1977. – 216 s.
13. Shepel' T. V., Balashov P. P. Ponimanie soznanija i voli v psihologii i prave: sravnitel'nyj analiz //Vestnik TGPU. – 2006. – Vypusk 2 (53). Serija: Psihologija. – S. 80-84.
14. Janova L. V. Social'noe bezdejstvie i preodolenie ego negativnyh posledstvij: dis. … kand. filos. nauk. –Nizhnij Novgorod, 2007. – 148 s.

CIVIL PROCESS
Аrutyunyan M. S., Kurbanov D. A., Khismatullin O. Yu.
Some problems of determining the grounds for labor disputes
The variety of spheres of legal and actual interaction of the participants in the employment contract, the opposite orientation of their interests objectively creates prerequisites for the emergence of situations of disagreement, conflicts, disputes. The study of the grounds and conditions of disputes between participants in labor relations in modern conditions of remote work, remote forms of communication seems relevant and timely.
Keywords: labor dispute, protection of labor rights, labor relations, labor legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Trudovoj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.2001 # 197-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2002. # 1 (ch. 1). Tekst: jelektronnyj. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 08.11.2021).
2. Gladkov N. G. Trudovye spory [Tekst]: uchebno-prakticheskoe posobie dlja bakalavriata i magistratury. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2019. – 191 s.
3. Gusov K. N., Tolkunova V. N. Trudovoe pravo Rossii [Tekst]. – M.: Prospekt, 2004. – 410 s.
4. Kurennoj A. M. Trudovoe pravo Rossii [Tekst]: ucheb. posobie. – M.: Jurist", 2010. – 604 s.
5. Fedin V. V. Trudovye spory: teorija i praktika [Tekst]: ucheb.-prakt. posobie dlja bakalavriata i magistratury. – M.: Jurajt, 2017. – 527 s.
 
CIVIL PROCESS
Kombarova E. V., Scherbakova O. V.
Analyzing case law concerning employers in educational process involved: finding problematic aspects and legal conflicts
The authors analyze the cases related to participation of employers in the higher educational process and determine the specifics of such cases being considered and solved by general jurisdiction courts. The analysis is based on the civil cases considered by general jurisdiction courts in sixty-two Russian Federation constituencies during the period since 1 January, 2018 till 31 March, 2021.
Methodological grounds: the study involves a thorough and comprehensive analysis of judicial practice concerning participation of employers in the educational process transformation, a qualitative assessment of a comprehensive empirical base and involves various aspects, such as public, legal etc., and therefore requires a systematic, normative and strategic approach. Results: case law being analyzed in order to identify the specific ways for courts to consider cases related to educational organizations providing higher education, employers being involved; conclusions and recommendations on the given research topic being formulated.
Keywords: judicial practice, contract, training, litigation, claims procedure.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 13 oktjabrja 2020 goda # 1681 (red. ot 31.08.2021) «O celevom obuchenii po obrazovatel'nym programmam srednego professional'nogo i vysshego obrazovanija» // SZ RF. 2020. # 43. St. 6783; 2021. # 36. St. 6422.
2. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 21 marta 2019 g. # 302 «O celevom obuchenii po obrazovatel'nym programmam srednego professional'nogo i vysshego obrazovanija i priznanii utrativshim silu postanovlenija Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27 nojabrja 2013 g. # 1076»// SZ RF. 2019. # 13. St. 1415. Utratil silu.
3. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 27 nojabrja 2013g. # 1076 «O porjadke zakljuchenija i rastorzhenija dogovora o celevom prieme i dogovora o celevom obuchenii» (vmeste s «Pravilami zakljuchenija i rastorzhenija dogovora o celevom prieme i dogovora o celevom obuchenii») // SZ RF. 2013. # 48. St. 6279. Utratil silu.
4. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 24 marta 2015 goda # 498-O // Dokument opublikovan ne byl. SPS «Konsul'tant pljus» (data obrashhenija: 16.11.2021).

CIVIL PROCESS
Mogilevskiy G. A., Sanin E. P.
Procedural representation of the military organization of the troops of the National Guard of the Russian Federation in the courts: status, problems, prospects
The publication deals with the theoretical and law enforcement aspects of judicial representation
in the consideration and resolution of cases with the participation as a party to the case of military organizations of the National Guard troops of the Russian Federation. Based on the analysis of departmental regulatory avtov Rosgvardia in this area of procedural protection of their interests, the specifics of the content and law enforcement of the procedural norms of judicial representation are revealed.
Keywords: military organization, procedural representation, subordinate departmental normative acts, specificity of content and law enforcement.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Grazhdanskij processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. – St. 48. – Ch. 2.: federal'nyj zakon ot 14 nojabrja 2022 g. # 138-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2002. – # 46. – St. 4532.
2. Obzor osnovnyh rezul'tatov sudebno-iskovoj raboty v vojskah nacional'noj gvardii Rossijskoj Federacii v 2020 g. // Rasporjazhenie Federal'noj sluzhby vojsk nacional'noj gvardii Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14 ijunja 2021 g. # 1/5795. – M., 2021. Otdel'noe izdanie.
3. Instrukciej o porjadke oformlenija, vydachi, registracii i ucheta doverennostej, vydavaemyh dlja predstavlenija interesov Federal'noj sluzhby vojsk nacional'noj gvardii Rossijskoj Federacii: utverzhdena prikazom Federal'noj sluzhby vojsk nacional'noj gvardii Rossijskoj Federacii ot 28 oktjabrja 2016 g. # 369. – M., 2016. Otdel'noe izdanie.
4. Instrukcija po organizacii sudebno-iskovoj raboty v vojskah nacional'noj gvardii Rossijskoj Federacii: utverzhdena prikazom Federal'noj sluzhby vojsk nacional'noj gvardii Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 aprelja 2021 g. # 123. – M., 2021. Otdel'noe izdanie.
5. Svod zakonov Rossijskoj Imperii. – Izd. 1857 g.– T. Χ. – Ch. 2. – S. 184-191.
6. Chistjakova O.P. Predstavitel'stvo v sude // Grazhdanskoe processual'noe pravo: Uchebnik / S. A. Alehina, V. V. Blazheev i dr.; Pod red. M. S. Shakarjan.– M.: TK Velbi, Izd-vo Prospekt, 2014. – S. 105-106

ARBITRATION PROCESS
Neznamov A. V.
On how digital technologies influence the civil procedure model
Based on the previously proposed classification of digital technologies used at the civil procedure, the article highlights the mechanism of how these technologies influence the existing civil procedure model. In particular, the author an assumption that essence and degree of such impact depends on the mediation of which information interactions they are aimed at. Based on this suggestion, the author concludes that revision of the existing procedural model should probably take place only in the case of complete implementation of the processing (analysis) technologies.
Keywords: civil proceedings, arbitral proceedings, digital technologies, digitalization of civil procedure, civil procedure model.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Afanas'ev S. F., Borisova V. F. Pravovoe regulirovanie jelektronnogo obrashhenija v sud po grazhdanskim delam: sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy// Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 5. - 2016. - # 1 (30). - S. 23-29.
2. Branovickij K. L. Vlijanie informacionnyh tehnologij na grazhdanskoe sudoproizvodstvo // Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process. - 2018. - # 7. - S.24-27.
3. Branovickij K. L., Jarkov V. V. Vozmozhnye napravlenija transformacii civilisticheskogo processa v uslovijah cifrovizacii i pandemii: prediktivnoe pravosudie // Rossijskoe pravo: obrazovanie, praktika, nauka - 2021. - # 4. - S. 19-26.
4. Vershinin A. P. Jelektronnyj dokument: pravovaja forma i dokazatel'stvo v sude. - M.: Gorodec, 2000.
5. Gorelyh M. V. Jelektronnye dokazatel'stva v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve Rossii (voprosy teorii i praktiki). Dissertacija … kandidata juridicheskih nauk: 12.00.15. - Ekaterinburg. 2005. - 185 s.
6. Degtjarjov S. L. Realizacija sudebnoj vlasti v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve (teoretiko-prikladnye problemy). Avtoref. dis. … doktora jurid. nauk. –Ekaterinburg, 2008. - S. 17.
7. Isaenkova O. V. Princip otkrytosti v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve na sovremennom jetape jelektronizacii pravosudija // Principy grazhdanskogo, arbitrazhnogo i administrativnogo sudoproizvodstva: problemy teorii i praktiki: sbornik nauchnyh statej / Sost. i red. L. V. Vojtovich.- SPb.: Asterion, 2021. - S. 382-391.
8. Murad'jan Je., Fal'kovich M. Mashinnyj dokument kak dokazatel'stvo v arbitrazhnom processe // Hozjajstvo i pravo. - M., 1980. - # 11. - S. 48-51.
9. Neznamov A. V. O klassifikacii cifrovyh tehnologij v grazhdanskom processe // Jelektronnoe prilozhenie k Rossijskomu juridicheskomu zhurnalu. -2019. - # 3. - S. 27-35.
10. Osipov Ju. K. Jelementy i stadii primenenija norm grazhdanskogo processual'nogo prava // Kratkaja antologija ural'skoj processual'noj mysli. 55 let kafedre grazhdanskogo processa Ural'skoj gosudarstvennoj juridicheskoj akademii. - Ekaterinburg: Izd-vo Gumanit. un-ta, 2004. - S. 308-326.
11. Tokhejm R. Osnovy cifrovoj jelektroniki: per. s angl. - M.: Mir, 1988. - S. 35-36.
 
HOUSING LAW
Yarovoy A. V.
Exercise of the housing rights of citizens living in emergency housing
The article discusses the issues of the implementation of the housing rights of citizens through the fulfillment of the public obligation to resettle from the emergency housing stock. The drawbacks of legal regulation of relations of liquidation of emergency housing stock are investigated. The resettlement algorithm is considered. It is proposed to delimit the concepts of “resettlement” and “relocation”. The influence of the degree of housing accident rate on the resettlement process is investigated.
Keywords: emergency housing stock, dilapidated housing stock, resettlement, threat to life and health.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kutafin O. E. Neprikosnovennost' v konstitucionnom prave Rossijskoj Federacii. - M., 2004.
2. Litovkin V. N. Konstitucionnoe pravo rossijskih grazhdan na zhilishhe // Aktual'nye voprosy rossijskogo chastnogo prava: Sb. statej, posvjashhennyj 80-letiju so dnja rozhdenija professora V. A. Dozorceva /Issl. centr chastnogo prava. - M.: Statut, 2008. - 350 s.
3. Suhanov E. A. «Zhilishhnaja (jetazhnaja) sobstvennost'» v evropejskih pravoporjadkah // Osnovnye problemy chastnogo prava: Sb. statej k jubileju doktora juridicheskih nauk, professora Aleksandra L'vovicha Makovskogo. - M.: Statut, 2010. - 575 s.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Grigorjeva O. O.
Features of investment activity when serving in the penal enforcement system
In connection with the participation of the Academy of Law and Management of the Federal Penitentiary Service in the webinars of the federal project “Competent Investor” within the framework of the International Investor Week, restrictions on service in the penal system regarding the implementation of investment activities were analyzed. The article illustrates the relationship between inflation and corruption, thereby justifying the need for explanatory work, which is considered as one of the measures of the Federal Penitentiary Service’s policy of improving the standard of living of prison staff.
Keywords: investment activity, inflation, investments for civil servants, civil service, service in the penal system, corruption in the penal system.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Grigor'eva O. O. O neobhodimosti ukreplenija kadrovogo potenciala Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij Rossii // Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo i administrativno-processual'nogo prava (Sorokinskie chtenija): mezhdunar. nauchno-praktich. konferencija / pod obshh. red. A. I. Kaplunova. – Sankt-Peterburg, 2021. – S. 666-670.
2. Grigor'eva O. O. Organizacionno-pravovye osnovy stimulirovanija sluzhebnoj dejatel'nosti sotrudnikov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy (na primere predostavlenija social'nyh garantij): dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2017. – 268 s.
3. Doronina N. G., Semiljutina N. G. Rol' gosudarstva vo vneshnejekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti v Rossii i za rubezhom: novaja ili staraja paradigma? // Zhurnal zarubezhnogo zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija. – 2020. –# 5. – S. 65-80.
4. Egorova A. A. Pravovoj rezhim investicionnoj dejatel'nosti otdel'nyh territorij v ramkah regional'nogo razvitija // Jurist. – 2019. – # 5. – S. 28-34.
5. Manannikov D. Ju. O nekotoryh pravovyh ogranichenijah (zapretah) voennosluzhashhih v jekonomicheskoj sfere// Pravo v Vooruzhennyh Silah. – 2018. – # 8. – S. 25-32.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Ovchinnikov E. B., Kovalenko S. A., Chernov Yu. I.
Legal basis for the protection of audit secrets in the Russian Federation
Audit secrecy is the most important component on which audit activity is based, since it is the basis of one of the most important principles of this activity – confidentiality. When carrying out its work, the audit organization, as well as individual auditors, are obliged to keep the data obtained during the audit secret. Unfortunately, sometimes there are cases when the data that constitute an audit secret is still disclosed, which can lead to serious consequences. In order to protect the interests of persons who may be harmed by the disclosure of this information. the legislator has provided at the legal level provisions by which information constituting an audit secret can be protected and protected, as well as the legitimate rights and interests of those persons who have been harmed by the disclosure of information constituting an audit secret can be defended.
Keywords: audit secrecy, audit activity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 05.04.2021) // SZ RF. -17.06.1996. - # 25. - St. 2954.
2. Ob auditorskoj dejatel'nosti: federal. zakon ot 30.12.2008 #307-FZ; v red. ot 11.06.2021 // SZ RF. - 05.01.2009. - # 1. - St. 15.
3. O kommercheskoj tajne: federal. zakon ot 29.07.2004 #98-FZ: v red. ot 2.02.2006 // SZ RF. - 09.08.2004. - #32. - St. 3283.
4. O sudebnoj praktike po delam o vzjatochnichestve i kommercheskom podkupe: Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 10 fevralja 2000 g. #6 // BVS RF. - 2000. - # 4.
5. Bulgakova L. I. Pravovoj rezhim auditorskoj tajny (Tekst) // Zhurnal Rossijskogo prava. - 2008. - #5. - St. 2-7.
6. Chernov Ju. I., Shirinjan A. V. Sootnoshenie nalogovoj i auditorskoj tajny (Tekst) // Zhurnal Jepomen.- 2019. - # 32. - St. 199-206.
 
TAX LAW
Kazahetsyan G. O., Pukhalov I. A., Chernov Yu. I.
Specificity of taxation during the COVID-19 pandemic
The work is aimed at considering the specifics of taxation during the pandemic and studying the main changes that the legislator adopted. The publications of domestic and foreign authors on taxation issues in the context of COVID-19 were studied. A number of proposed measures are intended to help overcome the negative effects of the epidemic. The main attention is paid to topics that especially need protection from the state: small and medium-sized businesses, micro-enterprises, individual entrepreneurs and organizations in the relevant sectors (tourism, culture, public catering, etc.). This topic is very relevant, since until now it has not received sufficient attention. Not only the theoretical, but also the practical aspect of this issue is important. The scientific literature on the given problem, as well as practical domestic experience, has been investigated.
Keywords: tax law, tax, penalties, fines, insurance premiums, dividends, small and medium business, taxpayer.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Vylkova E. S. Podderzhka jekonomicheskih sub"ektov nalogovymi sposobami i metodami v zarubezhnyh stranah i RF v uslovijah koronovirusa // Vestnik Zabajkal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. –2020. – # 5. – S. 54-65.
2. Gonin V. N., Monich I. P. Issledovanie vlijanija dohodov bjudzheta Rossijskoj Federacii ot izmenenija Nalogovogo Kodeksa v chasti nalogooblozhenija dohodov grazhdan // Vestnik Zabajkal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2020. – # 5. – S. 75-82. –doi: 10.21209/2227-9245-2020-26-5-75-82.
 
TAX LAW
Milova I. E., Azarkhin A. V., Petrov R. V.
Tax benefits as a tool for implementing tax policy
The article considers such an important element of the taxation system of the Russian Federation as tax benefits. The author notes their importance for the implementation of the state tax policy. The article also notes that the tax policy of the Russian Federation regarding the provision of tax benefits to individuals and legal entities needs to be improved.
Keywords: taxation, tax policy, benefits, preferences.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 31.07.1998 # 146-FZ (red. ot 02.07.2021) //SPS Konsul'tant pljus.
2. Afanas'ev S. A. Sposoby sovershenija nalogovyh prestuplenij // Aktual'nye problemy sovershenstvovanija zakonodatel'stva i pravoprimenenija:Sbornik materialov VII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Rossijskoj akademii advokatury i notariata, 2018.– 302 s.
3. Belisova A. V. Ponjatie, priznaki nalogovyh l'got// Molodoj uchenyj. – 2016. – # 11. – S. 1241-1242.
4. Il'jasov D. M., Popova L. V. Sushhnost' i klassifikacija nalogovyh l'got i preferencij // Uchjotno-analiticheskoe i kontrol'noe obespechenie processa formirovanija prioritetnyh napravlenij investicionnoj politiki respubliki Krym. Materialy II mezhregional'noj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii professorsko-prepodavatel'skogo sostava, aspirantov i molodyh uchjonyh s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. Ministerstvo nauki i vysshego obrazovanija Rossijskoj Federacii, FGAU VO «Krymskij federal'nyj universitet im. V. I. Vernadskogo», Institut jekonomiki i upravlenija, Kafedra uchjota, analiza i audita. – 2020. – S. 70-74.
5. Islamutdinov V. F. Upravlenie innovacionnym povedeniem hozjajstvujushhih sub"ektov na osnove razvitija institutov stimulirovanija: teorija, metodologija, praktika. – Hanty-Mansijsk, 2015. – 332s.
6. Kim A. V. Problema uklonenija ot nalogov i sborov i puti ee reshenija // Aktual'nye voprosy juridicheskoj nauki i praktiki: materialy III Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. – Habarovsk: Izd-vo Tihookan. gos. un-ta, 2018. – S. 175-181.
7. Shakirova R. K. O sootnoshenii ponjatij «nalogovye l'goty» i «nalogovye rashody bjudzheta» i ocenke ih jeffektivnosti // Nalogi i nalogooblozhenie. – 2015. –# 2. –S. 146-156.
 
ECOLOGICAL LAW
Tsukanova T. G.
Ecological and legal bases of the activity of the Russian penal system
The article reveals the legal foundations of nature management and environmental protection in institutions of the penal system of the Russian Federation. Information is provided on the organization of industrial environmental control and environmental monitoring in the institutions of the UIS. The main problems and legal aspects of the organization of land use, water use and forest management in the institutions of the UIS are considered. The author pointed out the main violations of the environmental legislation of the institutions of the UIS; named their causes. The article contains recommendations on the organization of the activities of institutions of the penal system in solving the problem of reforestation in Russia. The article also provides information about the participation of UIS institutions in solving the problem of waste recycling and disposal.
Keywords: penal enforcement system, correctional institutions, forest management, water use, land use, negative impact on the environment.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Pavlova L. V. Pravovye aspekty ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy pri realizacii prava special'nogo prirodopol'zovanija uchrezhdenijami i organami ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // Juridicheskaja mysl'. - 2015.- # 3. - S. 104.
2. Junusov S. A., Zhezlov N. V. Dejatel'nost' uchrezhdenij i organov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy po sohraneniju okruzhajushhej sredy // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. - 2017. - # 3. - S. 41.

CRIMINAL LAW
Avramtsev V. V., Konnov I. A.
The fight against youth terrorism in the educational environment (columbine-schoolshooting) using spiritual and moral values
The article discusses the spiritual and moral causes of the spread of youth extremism on the example of the ideas of Columbine and schoolshooting. The analysis of the significance of digitalization of modern social life and the risks associated with the availability of negative online content for the psychological development of young people has been consistently carried out. The author draws a conclusion about the importance of traditional national and religious values for countering the idea of youth extremism and offers recommendations on the organization of the educational and pedagogical process.
Keywords: extremism, youth, Columbine, schoolshooting, digitalization, prevention, morality, religion.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 02.07.2021 # 400 «O Strategii nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF». –05.07.2021. – # 27 (chast' II). – St. 5351.
2. Grin'ko S. D. Profilaktika molodezhnogo jekstremizma // Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba i kadry. – 2021. –# 1. – S. 133-135.
3. Gutieva I. G. Osobennosti ugolovno-pravovogo protivodejstvija projavlenijam jekstremizma i terrorizma v molodezhnoj srede // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2021. – T. 14. – # 3. – S. 28-31.
4. Zavrazhin A. V., Karmanov M. V. Kolumbajn-soobshhestva kak specificheskij ob"ekt prikladnogo issledovanija // Pravo i obrazovanie. – 2019. – # 5. – S. 81-87.
5. Korovajnaja Ju. V. Molodezhnyj jekstremizm v Rossii: osobennosti ego projavlenija // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. – 2021. – T. 17.– # 2. – S. 311-314.
6. Krasinskij V. V. Jekstremistskaja ideologija «kolumbajn» i aktual'nye napravlenija obespechenija bezopasnosti obrazovatel'nyh organizacij // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2021. – # 3. – S. 84-88.
7. Pushkarev A. L. Skulshuting: kriminologicheskaja harakteristika i preduprezhdenie // Pravoohranitel'nye organy: teorija i praktika. – 2020. – # 2 (39).– S. 73-75.
8. Chernov D. V. Molodezhnyj jekstremizm v sovremennoj politicheskoj zhizni Rossii // Stolypinskij vestnik. – 2021. – T. 3. – # 3. – S. 21-25.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Asmandiyarova N. R.
Some aspects of the interaction of migration officers with other internal affairs units on combating illegal migration
This work justifies the need for the staff of migration units to interact with the staff of other units of internal authorities on issues of combating illegal migration. Proposals have been made to complement the responsibilities of both the migration officers and their counterparts. The main areas of their interaction are outlined: countering extremist, terrorist manifestations; countering illicit drug trafficking; identification of persons engaged in economic and corruption criminal activities, etc. The creation of a photo library for migrants seems to be an effective tool for preventing illegal migration.
Keywords: migration, migration officers, preventing illegal migration.
Workbibliographiclist
1. O porjadke vyezda iz Rossijskoj Federacii i v"ezda v Rossijskuju Federaciju: Federal'nyj zakon ot 15 avgusta 1996 g. # 114-FZ // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru
(data obrashhenija: 22.10.2021).
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 23.09.2021).
3. O dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del po preduprezhdeniju prestuplenij: prikaz MVD Rossii ot 17 janvarja 2006 g. # 19 // Sistema Konsul'tantPljus.– – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 23.09.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Tailova A. G., Idrisova A. J.
Features of the institute of amnesty in the criminal law of foreign countries
The institutions of amnesty and pardon are recognized in international as well as in national law. At the same time, the UN, international humanitarian organizations and lawyers specializing in humanitarian law, taking into account historical experience, oppose amnesties for crimes against humanity, genocide, war and similar crimes, referring to historical experience, which shows that amnesties of persons responsible for these crimes, even in order to ensure peace, most often without achieving the goal, contributed to the commission of new serious crimes. At the same time, the UN and experts point to the success of peace agreements concluded without amnesty, even if it was considered a key condition for achieving or maintaining peace.
Keywords: amnesty, pardon, international law, international criminal court.
Work bibliographic list
1. Brajan A. Gardiner (redaktor), Juridicheskij slovar' Bljeka (devjatoe izdanie, 2009 g.); Oksfordskij slovar' anglijskogo jazyka (sed'moe izdanie, OUP). – Sebba Tornton, 2012. - S. 458.
2. Zakonodatel'naja linija - Mezhdunarodnye normy i standarty po voprosam chelovecheskogo izmerenija.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://www.legislationline.org/docuinents/section/eriminal-codes.(data obrashhenija: 15.11.2021).Konstitucija Soedinennyh Shtatov Ameriki 1789 g. (v redakcii 1992 g.), st. 2
(2); L.C.K. «Pravo prezidenta predostavit' obshhee pomilovanie ili amnistiju za prestuplenija protiv Soedinennyh Shtatov» (1869 g.) 17 (10) Amerikanskij juridicheskij reestr 577, S. 582-584; Dzhonatan Trumjen Dorris, Pomilovanie i amnistija pri Linkol'ne i Dzhonsone, Vosstanovlenie konfederatov v ih pravah i privilegijah, 1861-1898 // University of North Carolina Press. - 2013. - # 7. - S. 65.
3. Lesli Sebba, «Sila proshhenija: mirovoj obzor» // Zhurnal ugolovnogo prava i kriminologii. - 2020. - # 68 (1). - S. 118.
4. Reshenie Verhovnogo suda SShA po delu Knote v United States, 95 US 152–153 (1877), citiruetsja v W W Thornton, «Pardon and Amnesty» (1885) 6 (4) Criminal Law Magazine 457, 458-459; Lesli Sebba, «Sila proshhenija: mirovoj obzor» // Zhurnal ugolovnogo prava i kriminologii. - 2020. - # 68 (1). - S. 118.
5. Special'nyj sud S'erra-Leone, Obvinitel' protiv Morrisa Kallona, delo # SCSL-2004-15-AR72 (E), i Obvinitel' protiv Brimy Bazzi Kamara, delo # SCSL-2004-16-AR72 (E), Apelljacionnaja palata, Reshenie ob osparivanii jurisdikcii: Lomejskoe soglashenie ob amnistii (13 marta 2004 g.), p. 82. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://incore.incore.ulst.ac.uk/Amnesty.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Eremin S. G., Safonova Yu. S.
Criminal and legal aspects of crimes related to counterfeit products
The article analyzes the situation developing in Russia and in the world in connection with the increase in the turnover of counterfeit products, examines its criminal-legal nature and the problems associated with the lack of effective counteraction measures, indicates the need to improve criminal legislation and bring it in line with international standards.
Keywords: counterfeit, criminal-legal aspect, forgery, fraud, trademark use.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Zajceva E. A., Vasil'ev D. V. Problemnye aspekty podgotovki materialov pri naznachenii mnogoob"ektnyh tehniko-kriminalisticheskih jekspertiz dokumentov federal'nyh special'nyh i akciznyh marok// Sudebnaja jekspertiza. - 2017. - # 2 (50). - S. 35-43.
2. Liholetov A. A., Vasil'ev D. V. Sub"ektivnaja storona nezakonnyh organizacii i provedenija azartnyh igr // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2014. - # 3 (30). - S. 63-69.
3. Sedyh T. V. osobennosti protivodejstvija kontrafaktnoj produkcii: uchebnoe posobie. - Stavropol': SF KrU MVD Rossii, 2010. - 100 s.
4. Steshenko Ju. S., Birjukov S. Ju. Mezhdunarodnye sledstvenno-operativnye formirovanija kak odna iz form mezhdunarodnogo vzaimodejstvija v bor'be s transnacional'noj prestupnost'ju // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii. - 2019. - Vypusk 4 (27). -Nauch.-metod. zhurnal. - Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2013. - S. 195.
5. Sudarikov S. A. Pravo intellektual'noj sobstvennosti. - M., 2018. - 368 s.
6. Shavkarova E. E. Sobljudenie prav svidetelja v processe pobuzhdenija k uchastiju v rassledovanii prestuplenij // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii.- 2019. - Vypusk 4 (51). - Nauch.-metod. zhurnal. – Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2019. - S. 189.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Zaidova M. U.
On the question of physical and mental coercion as a circumstance excluding the criminality of an act in the criminal law of Russia
The article considers the concept of physical and mental coercion as a circumstance that excludes the criminality of the act in criminal law and in the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation, defines the conditions for the legality of these types of coercion, as well as some features of criminal liability when committing a crime under physical or mental coercion.
Keywords: physical coercion, mental coercion, criminal liability, legality of coercion, irresistible influence, violent influence.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Veselov E. G. Fizicheskoe ili psihicheskoe prinuzhdenie kak obstojatel'stvo, iskljuchajushhee prestupnost' dejanija: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. -Krasnodar, 2002.
2. Ivanov V. F. Ugolovno-pravovaja ocenka ponuzhdenija: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Saratov,1986.
3. Kobzeva T. Ju. Social'no-pravovaja harakteristika prinuzhdenija v ugolovnom prave» // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. - 2008. - # 9. - S. 16.
4. Oreshkina T. Ju. i Ustinova T. D. Prinuzhdenie kak sposob sovershenija prestuplenija i kak ugolovno nakazuemoe dejanie // Sovremennoe pravo. - 2009. - # 9. - S. 12
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Zaynalov T. D., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
Signs that qualify negligence, and directions for optimizing their system
Public power is aimed at ensuring the internal and external sovereignty of the state. Without a strong government, it is impossible to talk about the guarantee of human rights, the rule of law, the rule of law and the preservation of an independent territory. It is necessary to ensure not only the realization of individual rights and freedoms, but also the protection of the State as a whole from illegal encroachments committed by persons representing the State and undermining its system internally.
Keywords: negligence, crime, differentiation, punishment, state, qualification.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ahmedhanova S. T. Pravovoe regulirovanie nakazaniĭ za prestuplenija, sovershaemye dolzhnostnymi licami v sfere jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. - 2020. - # 4. - S. 238-243.
2. Borkov V. N. Osnovnye priznaki dolzhnostnoj halatnosti // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija «Pravo». - 2014. - # 1 (38).
3. Kocherga V. A. Posledstvija halatnosti: ugolovno-pravovoj analiz // Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija. - Krasnodar, 2016. - # 5.
4. Nikonov P. V., Shihanov V. N. Teorija i praktika kvalifikacii dolzhnostnyh prestuplenij (glava 30 UK RF): uchebnoe posobie. - SPb.: Izdatel'stvo «Juridicheskij centr», 2016.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kadiev K. K., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
The system of punishments for crimes against the person under the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation
The main task and the main purpose of criminal legislation is the protection of human and civil rights and freedoms. A person’s rights and freedoms are the highest value, and the main task of the state is their protection and implementation. The main activities of the state are to ensure the protection of the life and health of citizens, their rights and freedoms, personal freedom, creative work, natural and comprehensive development of the individual. In this article, we have analyzed the types of punishments imposed for criminal attacks on the person and developed proposals for improving the norms of legislation providing for the responsibility of criminal acts.
Keywords: punishments, personality, criminality, illegality, responsibility.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Kozlov A. P. Mehanizm postroenija ugolovno-pravovyh sankcij / A. P. Kozlov. - Krasnojarsk Izd-vo Krasnojarsk un-ta, 1998. - 406 s.
2. Krutikov L. L. O principah naznachenija nakazanija /L. L. Krutikov // Problemy teorii ugolovnogo prava Izbrannye stat'i (1982-1999 gg.). - Jaroslavl': Izd-vo Jarosl. gos. un-ta, 1999. - 200 c.
3. Miftahov A. M. Individualizacija nakazanija pri ego naznachenii s uchetom iskljuchitel'nyh obstojatel'stv v rossijskom ugolovnom prave: dis. ... kand jurid. nauk: 12.00.08 / Miftahov Ajdar Mashugovich. - Kazan', 2012. - 203 s.
4. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Obshhaja chast': uchebnik / pod red. F. R. Sundurova, I. A. Tarhanova -2-e izd, pererab. idop. – M.: Statut, 2016. – 864 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kapitsa V. S., Bushkov D. V.
Cybercrime: the current state and prospects for the development of counteraction measures
The article examines the current state of “cybercrime”, as well as the prospects for the development of criminal legislation in matters related to countering cybercrime. The authors analyzed the criminal law norms establishing responsibility for crimes in the field of computer information.
In the article, the authors made an attempt to identify a relatively new way of committing crimes
committed with the help of computer technology.
Keywords: cybercrime, deepfake, cyber technologies, fraud, crimes in the field of computer information, qualification, counteraction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borodkina T. N., Pavljuk A. V. Kiberprestuplenija: ponjatie, soderzhanie i mery protivodejstvija //Social'no-politicheskie nauki. - # 1. - M.: Izdatel'skij dom «Jur-VAK», 2018. - S. 135-137.
2. Kuznecov S. A. Bol'shoj tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka. - 1-e izd-e. - SPb.: Norint, 1998. - 1534 s.
3. Nomokonov V. A., Trapina T. L. Kiberprestupnost' kak novaja kriminal'naja ugroza // Kriminologija:vchera, segodnja, zavtra. - # 1 (24). Nekommercheskoe partnerstvo «Sankt-Peterburgskij mezhdunarodnyj kriminologicheskij klub». - SPb., 2012. - S. 45-55.
4. Oficial'nyj sajt VGTRK Vesti.ru. V socsetjah rasprostranjajut video s Olegom Tin'kovym. Jelektronnyj tekstovyj dokument. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vesti.ru/hitech/article/2610088.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Korneva K. A., Kolesnikova E. S.
On the issue of “stalking” as a form of domestic violence through the prism of criminal legislation
This article examines the problem of stalking, identifies the main types of stalkers, examines statistical data and identifies gaps in legal regulation. The authors formulated the concept of stalking, made practical conclusions on solving this urgent problem, and proposed the necessary government measures.
Keywords: criminal law, domestic violence, jealousy, stalking, death threat.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ (red. ot 28.06.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 29.06.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O gosudarstvennoj zashhite poterpevshih, svidetelej i inyh uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva» ot 20.08.2004 # 119-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Kolokolov N. A. Ot revnosti do stalkinga // Chelovek i zakon. - 2018. - # 4. - S. 7.
5. Mjasnikova A. M. Kriminalizacija stalkinga // Viktimologija. - 2016. - # 3 (9). - S. 53-56.
6. Storubljonkova E. G. Stalking: sindrom navjazchivogo presledovanija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2017. - # 6. - S. 278-281.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Loos E. V.
Some issues of qualification of abuse of office in the presence of signs provided for in paragraphs «a», «c» part 3 of Art. 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
The article raises the issue of qualifying abuse of office with the use of violence or the threat of its use. The author proposes to qualify the use of violence that did not cause harm to the health of the victim, as well as the threat of using any violence in the process of exceeding official powers under Part 1 of Art. 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, as a significant violation of the rights and legitimate interests of citizens. The infliction of harm to the health of a citizen as a result of the applied violence is proposed to be defined as the infliction of grave consequences, and qualified under clause “c” of Part 3 of Art. 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: excess, official powers, criminal liability, violence, significant violation, grave consequences.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Bykova E. G., Jashkov S. A. Tjazhkie posledstvija nenasil'stvennogo prevyshenija dolzhnostnyh polnomochij sotrudnikami organov vnutrennih del // Ugolovnoe pravo. – 2017. – # 1. – S. 33-41.
2. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii. V 4 t. Osobennaja chast'. Razdely X-XII (postatejnyj). T. 4 (otv. red. V. M. Lebedev). «Jurajt», 2017. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
3. Loos E. V. Otvetstvennost' za prevyshenie dolzhnostnyh polnomochij s primeneniem nasilija ili s ugrozoj ego primenenija // Aktual'nye problemy bor'by s prestuplenijami i inymi pravonarushenijami. Materialy vosemnadcatoj mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – Barnaul,2020. – S. 15-16.
4. Jani P. S. Voprosy kvalifikacii dolzhnostnyh prestuplenij v Postanovlenii Plenuma i sudebnoj praktike // Zakonnost'. – 2014. – # 4. – S. 31-32.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Magomedov D. B., Gamidov Sh. I.
Some problems of applying compulsory medical measures to persons with limited sanity
The article is devoted to theoretical and practical problems that can be encountered when applying compulsory medical measures to persons with limited sanity, the debatable issues of medical and legal criteria of limited sanity are consecrated. Difficulties associated with the application of compulsory medical measures to persons with limited sanity are noted. The legal and medical criteria for determining the concept of limited sanity are considered. It is concluded that it is necessary to formalize the order and procedure for determining the state of a person in which he commits a crime.
Keywords: limited sanity, criteria of insanity, compulsory medical measures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 17.06.1996. – # 25. – St. 2954.
2. Vorobej P. A. Psihiatricheskie i ugolovno-pravovye voprosy nevmenjaemosti // Psihiatrija, psihoterapija i klinicheskaja psihologija. – 2018. – # 4.
3. Gil' E. A. Ogranichennaja vmenjaemost' // Nauka, obrazovanie i kul'tura. – 2019. – # 4.
4. Metlickaja S. A. Ugolovno-pravovoe znachenie ogranichennoj vmenjaemosti i nevmenjaemosti //Solloquium-journa. – 2019. – # 9.
5. Osipov K. Sh. K Voprosu ob ogranichennoj vmenjaemosti // Sbornik nauchnyh trudov prepodavatelej, magistrantov i aspirantov juridicheskogo fakul'teta SF MGPU. – 2018. – # 2.
6. Pavlova E.V. Ogranichennaja vmenjaemost' v pravoprimenitel'noj praktike // Zakonnost' i pravoporjadok. – 2018. – # 1.
7. Poljakov A. A. Osobennosti ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti lic s psihicheskimi otklonenijami // Sovremennye voprosy gosudarstva, prava, juridicheskogo obrazovanija. – 2021. – # 2.
8. Sattarov R. R., Kamalieva L. A. Ogranichennaja vmenjaemost' v ugolovnom prave // modern science. – 2020.– # 2.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Pavlova A. A, Okonosova N. V.
The concept and criteria for the effectiveness of punishments related to the restriction of the labor rights of convicts
Today, in the context of the humanization of criminal legislation, the study of the concept of the
effectiveness of a group of punishments associated with the restriction of the labor rights of convicts does not lose its relevance. Increasing the effectiveness of this group of punishments is designed to protect and reduce the level of criminalization of society, disunity the criminal community, and reduce the number of persons held in institutions of the penal system. In a scientific article, the author examines the concept and criteria for the effectiveness of punishments associated with the restriction of the labor rights of convicts. At the end of the study, the author comes to the conclusion that the main criterion for the effectiveness of punishment is relapse.
Keywords: The effectiveness of punishments, punishments associated with the restriction of the labor rights of convicts, the purpose of punishment, restoration of social justice, correction of the convict, prevention of crimes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bytko S. Ju. Jeffektivnost' predupreditel'nogo vozdejstvija ugolovnogo nakazanija na prestupnost':teoreticheskij i prikladnoj aspekty: dis. … na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni dokt. jurid. – Saratov, 2018.
2. Mickevich A. F. Ugolovnoe nakazanie: ponjatie, celi i mehanizmy dejstvija. – SPb.: Izdatel'stvo R. Aslanova «Juridicheskij centr Press», 2005.
3. Nartymov D. M. Problemy povyshenija jeffektivnosti nakazanija: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Nizhnij Novgorod, 2010.
4. Ozhegov S. I., Shvedova N. Ju. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka. – M., 2002.
5. Polivcev A. V. Vosstanovlenie social'noj spravedlivosti kak cel' nakazanija // Kriminologicheskie problemy ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva Rossii: materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – Krasnodar, 2004. – S. 212-216.
6. Ponjatie i celi nakazanija // Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Obshhaja chast': uchebnik / pod red. F. R. Sundurova, I. A. Tarhanova, B. S. Volkova. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M., 2009.
7. Pupyshev K. K. O nekotoryh voprosah jeffektivnosti ugolovnogo nakazanija i sposobah ee povyshenija// Vestnik molodogo uchenogo Kuzbasskogo instituta.– 2017. – S. 89-92.
8. Ugolovnoe pravo. Aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki: sbornik ocherkov / pod red. V. V. Luneeva.– M.: Jurajt, 2010.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Radchenko O. V., Koykov A. A.
The state of crime in the field of illegal arms trafficking in the territory of the Irkutsk region
The article analyzes the state of crime in the field of illegal arms trafficking in the territory of the
Irkutsk region. The Siberian Federal District ranks third in the number of registered crimes of this category. The authors note a significant increase in the number of seized firearms and ammunition, modernized and manufactured in illegal workshops, and, accordingly, their use in the commission of ordinary crimes. The state of the crime under study tends to increase the number of registered crimes and convicted persons, to increase the proportion of the commission of the analyzed type of crimes as part of a group of persons by prior agreement and an organized group. Trends in the development of crime related to illegal arms trafficking are outlined.
Keywords: illegal arms trafficking, crime in the field of illegal arms trafficking, illegal manufacture of weapons.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 13.12.1996 # 150-FZ «Ob oruzhii» // Rossijskaja gazeta. – # 241. – 18.12.1996.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Ramazanov A. R., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
The procedure for removing obstacles to the consideration of a criminal case by the prosecutor
Problematic issues of the implementation of the process of returning a criminal case by the court in the event of obstacles to its further consideration are caused by complex contradictions arising in connection with the constant improvement of legislative acts. The main purpose of criminal proceedings is to protect the rights and legitimate interests of individuals and organizations from illegal and unfounded charges and from restrictions on rights and freedoms.
Keywords: crime, punishment, responsibility, prosecutor, return, resolution, representation.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ahmedhanova S. T. Problemy, svjazannye s prodleniem srokov proizvodstva predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija v forme doznanija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2020. - # 5. - S. 322-325.
2. Ahmedhanova S. T. Porjadok realizacii prokurorskogo nadzora za dejatel'nost'ju organov doznanija v stadii predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2020. - # 6. - S. 230-233.
3. Babaeva T. Processual'nyj srok ustranenija prepjatstvij k rassmotreniju ugolovnogo dela sudom //Zakonnost'. - 2006. - # 12.
4. Gavrilov D. B. Vozmozhno li reanimirovat' v UPK RF institut sudebnogo dosledovanija // Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2007. - # 11.
5. Kal'nickij V. V. Pravovye pozicii konstitucionnogo suda rossijskoj federacii po voprosu vozvrashhenija ugolovnogo dela v dosudebnoe proizvodstvo //Ugolovnoe pravo. - 2009. - # 4.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Stupina S. A.
Illegal activity in providing consumer loans (loans):qualification issues
The article discusses a legislative novelty on the introduction of criminal liability for the illegal implementation of activities for the provision of consumer loans (loans). Some aspects of the validity of this norm in the criminal law are investigated, as well as the content of the signs of the corpus delicti provided for in Article 171.5 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the issues of qualification and delineation from related corpus delicti.
Keywords: crime, consumer credit (loan), illegal activity for the provision of consumer loans (loans), objective and subjective signs.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Gladkih V. I. Nezakonnoe osushhestvlenie dejatel'nosti po predostavleniju potrebitel'skih kreditov (zajmov) (st. 171.5 UK RF): eshhe odna novella s nejasnymi perspektivami // Biznes. Obrazovanie. Pravo. – 2021. –# 3 (56). – S. 235-238.
2. Sereda I. M., Sereda A. G. Ob"ekt prednamerennogo bankrotstva // Prolog: zhurnal o prave. – 2018. – # 1(17). – S. 16-21.
3. Cepelev V. F. Kon"junktura v kontekste osnovanij kriminalizacii dejanij i ee otrazhenie v rossijskom ugolovnom zakone // Vestnik Universiteta imeni O. E.Kutafina (MGJuA). – 2018. – # 12 (52). – S. 18-22.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Trofimtseva S. Yu.
Unlawful impact on critical infrastructure of the Russian Federation (Article 274.1) as a computer crime? (to the question about its general, species and direct object)
The article analyzes the issues related to the specification of the objects of the crime under Art. 274.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The position of the illegality of including this article in Chapter 28 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation is substantiated. It is proposed to exclude this article from Chapter 28 due to the discrepancy between the specific and immediate objects and place it in Chapter 24 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation as a privileged composition of Art. 215.
Keywords: computer crimes, critical information infrastructure (CII) of Russia computer information, public safety, security of information relations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bukalerova L. A. Informacionnye prestuplenija v sfere gosudarstvennogo i municipal'nogo upravlenija: zakonotvorcheskie i pravoprimenitel'nye problemy. Dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. Spec.: 12.00.08− ugolovnoe pravo i kriminologija; ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. − M.: MGU, 2007. − 574 s.
2. Volevodz A. G. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo ob ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za prestuplenija v sfere komp'juternoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj dokument]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.lawmix.ru/comm/4715/ (data obrashhenija: 13.02.2021).
3. Dubko, M. O ponjatii komp'juternogo prestuplenija / M. Dubko. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://marketing2013.ucoz.ru/blog/o_ponjatii_kompjuternogo_prestuplenija/2013-01-19-632 (data obrashhenija: 25.12.2020).
4. Komissarov V. S. Ugolovnoe pravo RF. − M., 2012.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. − Rezhim dostupa: https://be5.biz/pravo/u002/9.html (data obrashhenija: 03.10.2021).
5. Razvitie pravovogo obespechenija informacionnoj bezopasnosti / Pod red. A. A. Strel'cova. − M.: Prestizh, 2006.
6. Sherstjuk V. P. Tezisy vystuplenija pomoshhnika Sekretarja Soveta Bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii, direktora Instituta problem informacionnoj bezopasnosti MGU im. M. V. Lomonosova na IV mezhdunarodnom forume «Partnerstvo gosudarstva, biznesa i grazhdanskogo obshhestva pri obespechenii informacionnoj bezopasnosti i protivodejstvii terrorizmu» (Garmish-Partenkirhen, Germanija 12.04.2010 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. − Rezhim dostupa: www.iisi.msu.ru/UserFiles/File/bayern2010/sherstyuk.doc (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Puchkov D. V.
Retrospective analysis of criminal liability for cybercrime
The article provides a retrospective analysis of the reasons and conditions of criminal acts in the field of computer technology in Russia, as well as abroad. The article covers key legal issues of mentioned crime classification. The author examines the origin of computer technologies criminal law protection in the USA, Great Britain, Sweden, Japan, and Russia. The article discusses the specific acts subject to criminalization and gives a comparative analysis of the criminal legislation of foreign countries.
Keywords: cybertechnologies, cyberthreats, cyberattacks, cyberterrorism, regulation by criminal law, cybersecurity, cybercrime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: Proekt //Rossijskaja gazeta, 1995. – 25.01, 01.02.
2. Baturin Ju.M. Problemy komp'juternogo prava. M.:Jurid. lit, 1991. 272 s.
3. Bespalova E.V., Shirokov V.A. Kiberprestupnost':istorija ugolovno-pravovogo protivodejstvija //Informacionnoe pravo. M.: Jurist, 2006. # 4 (7).S. 3-5.
4. Volevodz A.G. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo ob ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za prestuplenija v sfere komp'juternoj informacii // Rossijskij sud'ja. 2002. # 9. S. 34
41.
5. Guljan A.R. K voprosu o konceptual'nyh napravlenijah preduprezhdenija komp'juternyh prestuplenij v RF // Obshhestvo i pravo. Krasnodar: FGKOU VPO «Krasnodarskij universitet MVD RF», 2009. # 2. C. 129-132.
6. Dashjan M.S. Pravo informacionnyh magistralej: vopros pravovogo regulirovanija v seti «Internet»: monografija. M., VoltersKluver, 2007. 248 s.
7. Zhidelev V.G Jevoljucija zakonodatel'stva ob ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za sovershenie prestuplenij v sfere vysokih tehnologij // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Serija «Jekonomika i pravo». 2011. #4. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/evolyutsiya-zakonodatelstvaob-ugolovnoy-otvetstvennosti-za-sovershenieprestupleniy-v-sfere-vysokih-tehnologiy.
8. Kravcov K.N. Jetapy razvitija rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva ob otvetstvennosti za prestuplenija v sfere komp'juternoj informacii // Istorija gosudarstva i prava., 2006. # 12. S. 5-6.
9. Kurushin V.D., Minaev V.A. Komp'juternye prestuplenija i informacionnaja bezopasnost'. M.: Novyj Jurist, 1998. 256 s.
10. Panfilova E. I., Popov A. N. Komp'juternye prestuplenija. Serija «Sovremennye standarty v ugolovnom prave i ugolovnom processe» / Nauch. redaktor prof. B. V. Volzhenkin. SPb. 1998. 48 s.
11. Prostoserdov M.A. Moshennichestvo, sovershaemoe v kiberprostranstve, i ego vidy // Aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki primenenija ugolovnogo zakona: Sbornik materialov Nachuno-prakticheskoj konferencii / Pod red. A.V. Brilliantova, Ju.E. Pudovochkina. M.: RGUP, 2015. S. 335-351.
12. Rarog A.I. K novoj redakcii Ugolovnogo kodeksa // Lex Russica (nauchnye trudy MGJuA). M., 2006. # 6. S. 12-23.
13. Sychev Ju.N. Osnovy informacionnoj bezopasnosti Uchebno-prakticheskoe posobie. M.: Izd. Centr EAOI, 2007. 300 s.
14. Jemm D. Kiberprestupnost' i zakon // Centr issledovanija komp'juternoj prestupnosti. 19 ijunja. 2009. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.crime-research.ru/articles/depo24/.
15. Allen Kent, James G. Williams. Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology: Volume 24 // R. Kent, Carolyn M. Hall. –New York: Madcel Dekker, Inc., 1991. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa:https://books.google.de/books?id=GhljtQEACAAJ&printsec=copyright&hl=ru#v=onepage&q&f=false.
16. Net Losses: Estimating the Global Cost of Cybercrime:Economic Impact of Cybercrime II: Report. June 2014. P. 3. / McAfee: anIntelCompany. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.sbs.ox.ac.uk/cybersecurity-capacity/system/files/McAfee%20and%20CSIS%20-%20Econ%20Cybercrime.pdf.
17. Stanley Mark Rifkin // Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. November, 22. 2017. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanley_Mark_Rifkin.
18. The ABA Journal // American Bar Association, 1979 (May). 65. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa:https://books.google.de/books?id=Q0jaTD-BZXkC&dq=1979+dallas+attorneys+conference&hl=ru&source=gbs_navlinks_s.
19. Thomas J. Holt, Adam M. Bossler, Kathryn C. Seigfried-SpellarCybercrime and Digital Forensics:An Introduction Routledge, 2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://books.google.de/books?id=EcWgBgAAQBAJ&pg.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Tailova A. G., Idrisova A. J.
Internal amnesties or the international norm of anti-punishment
The article is devoted to the study of the institute of internal amnesty or the international norm of anti-punishment. In addition to international courts dealing with disputes related to humanitarian law and private international law, there is also a special body of international criminal justice – the International Criminal Court. It is the first judicial institution in this field. International crimes affect the interests of the entire international community, and therefore the point of view is becoming increasingly widespread that the criminal prosecution of persons guilty (or suspected) of committing such crimes should not be subject to the restrictions established by international law for national jurisdictions.
Keywords: Amnesty International, World Politics, Global Governance, Non-State actors, International non-governmental organizations, Human rights, Human rights activities, International Criminal Court.
Work bibliographic list
1. Brajan A. Garner (red.) (2004) juridicheskij slovar' Bljeka (8-e izd.). - N'ju-Jork: Tompson-Ujest, 2019. - S. 93.
2. Dajan Orentliher Raschet schetov: objazannost' presledovat' v sudebnom porjadke narushenija prav cheloveka predydushhego rezhima // Yale Law Review. –2020. - # 5. - P. 100.
3. Kent Grinuolt Sudebnaja amnistija. Spravedlivost' amnistii, v: Robert I. Rotberg i Dennis Tompson (red.), Istina protiv spravedlivosti: moral' komissij po ustanovleniju istiny. Prinston, Predvaritel'naja podgotovka Prinstonskogo universiteta. Tekst jelektronnyj. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.iprbookshop.ru/71192.html. JeBS «IPRbooks» (data obrashhenija: 20.10.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Filippov V. V.
Beatings in Russian legislation: history and modernity
The article analyzes the history and modernity of beatings, starting from the earliest stage of its formation and up to the latest changes in legislation. The problem of jurisdiction is touched upon, as well as the lack of the possibility of reconciliation in the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation. The issue of “liberalization” of legislation is being considered, specifically in relation to citizens who have committed an offense for the first time, as well as the ambiguity and inconsistency of the decriminalization of Article 116 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, caused by the mitigation of punishment when considering cases of administrative and legal activity, but tightening within the framework of criminal legislation in case of beatings by close relatives. The author comes to the conclusion that innovations are necessary, which are an integral part of any state activity.
Keywords: bodily injuries, beatings, criminal liability, decriminalization, criminal prosecution.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 1.07.2021) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus. - T. 1.
2. Putin podpisal zakon o dekriminalizacii v sem'e.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/obschestvo/4003789 (data obrashhenija: 13.07.2021).
3. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo H-HH vekov. - M., 1984.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Tsapanova S. S.
Socio-economic factors affecting the system of criminal penalties in wartime conditions
The article considers economic factors expressed in the peculiarities of the organization of industrial relations at various historical stages and social factors, which include various types of social relations, such as ideological, ethical, moral, and others. The author comes to the conclusion about the complex impact of these factors on the system of criminal penalties, including in wartime conditions.
Keywords: martial law, system, criminal policy, criminal punishment, factor.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borsuchenko S. Na puti k otmene smertnoj kazni //JeZh-Jurist. - 2013. - # 24. - S. 14.
2. Endol'ceva A. V., Nikitin A. M. Prinuditel'nye raboty: nekotorye problemy ih ispolnenija // Advokatskaja praktika. - 2013. - # 4. - S. 36-39.
3. Zvonov A. V., Djad'kin O. N. Faktory formirovanija sistemy ugolovnyh nakazanij v sovremennyh uslovijah:kratkij analiticheskij obzor// Kriminologicheskij zhurnal Bajkal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta jekonomiki i prava. - 2016. - T. 10. - # 1. - S. 82-89.
4. Kvashis V. E. Smertnaja kazn' v sovremennom mire: global'nye tendencii i perspektivy. - M.: Jurajt, 2008. - 800 s.
5. Nichugovskaja O. N. Problemnye voprosy postroenija sistemy nakazanij v sovremennom ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii // Pravo i politika. - 2007. - # 10. - S. 78-84.
6. Useev R. Z. Prinuditel'nye raboty: mesto v sisteme nakazanij i nekotorye problemy primenenija //Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema: pravo, jekonomika, upravlenie. - 2014. - # 2. - S. 23-26.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Mussali N.
Assignment and serving of punishment in the form of correctional tasks by the new criminal law of the Republic of Kazakhstan: old name and new content
This work is a criminal legal analysis of punishment in the form of correctional labor under the criminal legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan. This analysis is carried out in connection with the change in the content of this type of punishment due to the adoption on July 3, 2014 of the new Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan (hereinafter referred to as the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan 2014). To analyze the place and role of correctional labor in the punishment system in the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2014, the main trends in the historical development of punishment in the form of correctional labor in the Republic of Kazakhstan, including during the existence of the USSR, are necessary prerequisites.
The norms governing the appointment and serving of sentences in the form of correctional labor are analyzed, and the elimination of the identified shortcomings that affect law enforcement is proposed. The article compares the punishment in the form of correctional labor with other punishments not related to imprisonment, while raising the problem of the similarity of correctional labor with the punishment in the form of a fine in installments.
The author refers to the experience of foreign countries, international legal norms in order to introduce into national legislation other types of punishment not related to imprisonment, taking into account the humanization of the criminal legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the possibility of replacing correctional labor with a fine if necessary.
Keywords: criminal punishment, correctional tasks, fine with installment payment, monthly calculation indices, non-custodial punishment.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ammosova V.I. Nakazanie v vide ispravitel'nyh rabot v novom ugolovnom i ugolovno-ispolnitel'nom zakonodatel'stve Respubliki Kazahstan // Vestnik instituta: prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie. 2015.# 1 (29).
2. Gabaraev A.Sh. Porjadok ispolnenija ugolovnogo nakazanija v vide ispravitel'nyh rabot v Respublike Kazahstan // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve.2018. # 6.
3. Geta Ju.R., Luchnikova O.A., Tankov A.M. Ispravitel'nye raboty v ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve Rossii, Kazahstana, KNDR: sravnitel'nye cherty. V sb.: Voprosy sovremennoj nauki: problemy, tendencii i perspektivy. Materialy IV Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Otv. redaktor Je.I. Zabneva, red-kollegija: Ju.A. Kuznecova i dr. 2020.
4. Imanbaev S.M., Darmenova D.B. Protivorechija, sushhestvujushhie v ugolovnom i ugolovno-ispolnitel'nom kodeksah Respubliki Kazahstan, po ispolneniju nakazanij v vide ispravitel'nyh rabot // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. 2019. T. 14. # 3.
5. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Respubliki Kazahstan. V dvuh knigah. Kniga 1. / Pod red. Rogova I.I., Rahmetova S.M. Almaty, 2003.
6. Krylova N.E. Osnovnye cherty novogo Ugolovnogo kodeksa Francii. M., 1996.
7. Kurs ugolovnogo prava. Obshhaja chast'. T. 2: Uchenie o nakazanii / Pod red. N.F. Kuznecovoj, I.M. Tjazhkovoj. M., 2002.
8. Hajrullin V.I., Jusupova Z.A. Iz penitenciarnogo opyta skandinavskih stran // Evrazijskaja advokatura. 2019. # 1 (38).
9. Jenciklopedija ugolovnogo prava. T.8. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' i nakazanie. – Izdanie professora Malinina. SPb GKA. SPb., 2007.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Dzeytova R. B.
Definition of the crime of aggression in Russian and German law
The article examines the specific features of the crime of aggression in Russian and German criminal law. The choice of these states is due to the fact that Germany is a state party to the Rome Statute, unlike Russia. After analyzing the procedure of implementation and distinctive features of the crime of aggression in the legislation of Germany and Russia the following conclusions were made. Germany implemented art. 8bis while preserving national features. In particular, in addition to the crime of aggression, aggressive war is also criminalized in German law, and there is no list of acts of aggression. There is also different responsibility for executing act of aggression and waging war of aggression. Russia reflected the outdated wording of the crime of aggressive war contained in the Charter of the International Military Tribunal. However in order to comply with the current understanding of aggression Russian criminal law should reflect the definition of the crime of aggression developed in international criminal law, preserving the particularities of the national criminal law.
Keywords: criminal law, aggressive war, crime of aggression, German Criminal code, German Code of Crimes against International law, international criminal law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kibal'nik A., Solomonenko I. Prestuplenija protiv mira i bezopasnosti chelovechestva / Pod nauch. red. A.V. Naumova. SPb., 2004.
2. Konstitucija Federativnoj Respubliki Germanii v Konstitucii zarubezhnyh gosudarstv: Uchebnoe posobie / Sost. Prof. V.V. Maklakov. M., 2003.
3. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii. 2 izdanie / Pod red. Brilliantova A.V. M., 2015.
4. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii, otv. red. V.M. Lebedev, 3-e izdanie. M.,2004.
5. Lobach D.V. Problemy implementacii mezhdunarodno-pravovyh norm ob agressii v rossijskom ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve // Biznes v zakone. 2011. # 1.
6. Lobach D.V. Sub"ekt prestuplenija, projavljajushhegosja v forme agressii, v mezhdunarodnom prave i rossijskom ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve // Zakon i pravo. 2011. # 4.
7. Ljamin N.M. Mezhdunarodnyj ugolovnyj sud i otvetstvennost' za prestupnye narushenija prav cheloveka. Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2017.
8. Malahova O.V. Agressija kak prestuplenie po nacional'nomu i mezhdunarodnomu ugolovnomu pravu. Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Stavropol', 2003.
9. Nikolaev K.D. Planirovanie, podgotovka, razvjazyvanie ili vedenie agressivnoj vojny – prestuplenija protiv mira i soglasija mezhdu narodami i (ili) gosudarstvami // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo Instituta MVD Rossii. 2017. # 4 (87).
10. Sajapin S. Razvitie opredelenija prestuplenija agressii v mezhdunarodnom i nacional'nom ugolovnom prave // Al'manah Mezhdunarodnogo prava. 2010. # 2.
11. Serebrennikova A.V. Ugolovnoe pravo Germanii:uchebnoe posobie dlja bakalavriata i magistratury. A.V. Serebrennikova. M., 2018.
12. Timoshkov S.G. Prestuplenie «agressija» v zakonodatel'stve Rossii i zarubezhnyh stran // Vestnik RGGU. Serija «Jekonomika. Upravlenie. Pravo». 2014. # 9.
13. Barriga S. Negotiating the Amendments on the crime of aggression, in Crime of Aggression Library: The Travaux Préaratoires of the Crime of Aggression (Stefan Barriga & Claus Kreßeds, 2011).
14. Glauch A. Das neue Verbrechen der Aggression nach § 13 VStGB // Onlinezeitschrift fü Höhstrichterliche Rechtsprechung zum Strafrecht. 2017. Vol. 2.
15. Glotova S.V. The Crime of Aggression in Russian Criminal Law in Crime of Aggression. A Commentary. Edited by Kress C., Barriga S. Cambridge University Press, 2017.
16. Hartig A. Die mä sig pazifistische Neuregelung des Aggressionsverbrechens nach § 13 VStGB Besprechung des Gesetzes zur Einfürung des Verbrechens der Aggression in das deutsche Vökerstrafgesetzbuch // Kriminalpolitische Zeitschrift. 2018. # 6.
17. Kress C. Germany and the Crime of Aggression. [Jelektronnyj resurs].
18. McDougall C. Crime of Aggression under the Rome Statute. Cambridge University Press, 2017.
19. Scharf M. Universal Jurisdiction and the Crime of Aggression // Harvard International Law Journal. 2012. Vol. 53.
20. Werle G., Jessberger F. International Criminal Justice is Coming Home: The New German Code of Crimes against International Law // Criminal Law Forum. 2002. Vol 13. # 2.
21. Werle G. The crime of aggression between international and domestic criminal law, in Criminal law between War and Peace. Justice and Cooperation in Criminal Matters in International Military Interventions (S. Manacorda & A. Nietto eds., 2009).
22. Zum Begriff des Angriffskrieges. Wissenschaftliche Dinste des Deutsches Bundestages. 2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs].
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Arsenova N. V.
Requirements for a ruling to prosecute as an accused and the legal consequences of non-observance
In the article, the author analyzes the norms of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation, regulating the requirements for a decision on involvement as an accused, as well as the judicial and investigative practice of their application. On the basis of this analysis, the author identifies typical violations committed during the execution of a decision on bringing the accused, and their legal consequences.
Keywords: accusation, prosecution, ruling, return of a criminal case for additional investigation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Apelljacionnoe postanovlenie Verhovnogo Suda Respubliki Marij Jel # 22-815/2018 ot 14 nojabrja 2018 g. po delu # 22-815/2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru.
2. Apelljacionnoe postanovlenie Rostovskogo oblastnogo suda # 22-5773/2019 ot 7 oktjabrja 2019 g. po delu # 22-5773/2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru.
3. Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanina Gevorkjana Ruslana Tigranovicha na narushenie ego konstitucionnyh prav chast'ju pervoj stat'i 175 UPK RF: opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda ot 21 dekabrja 2006 g. # 533-O. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Obzor praktiki vozvrashhenija ugolovnyh del dlja organizacii dopolnitel'nogo rassledovanija v 1 kvartale 2019 goda. Glavnym sledstvennym upravleniem GU MVD Rossii po Altajskomu kraju (dokument oficial'no ne opublikovan).
5. Prigovor Abzelilovskogo rajonnogo suda Respubliki Bashkortostan ot 5 marta 2011 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Baranov P. A.
About a crime claimant’s procedural status at the initial stage of criminal justice
The article analyzes current legal status of the crime claimant at the initial stage of criminal justice, and crime claimant’s procedural rights. The author notes the absence of the crime claimant official definition in current version of Russian criminal procedure law and proposes to legislate the indicated term. The article concludes on expediency to include the crime claimant in a list of other participants in criminal process and formulates the proposed list of crime claimant basic procedural rights.
Keywords: initial stage of criminal justice, crime claimant, crime report verification, criminal procedure, criminal prosecution participants, crime claimant’s procedural status.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Mentjukova M. A., Hrunina E. A. Voprosy obespechenija prav i zakonnyh interesov lichnosti pri podache zajavlenija o prestuplenii // Novaja nauka:Ot idei k rezul'tatu. – 2017. – T. 1. – # 2. – S. 250-253.
2. Mit'kova Ju. S., Vehov V. B. Problemy opredelenija pravovogo polozhenija otdel'nyh uchastnikov stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. – 2019. – #4 (51). – S. 168-175. – DOI 10.25724/VAMVD.LFGH.
3. Muzhenskaja N. E., Kostyleva G. V. Zajavitel' –uchastnik ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Zakonnost'. – 2012. – # 7 (932). – S. 52-56.
4. Naumov A. M. Processual'nyj status uchastnikov dosledstvennoj proverki // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2016. – # 8. – S. 8-12.
5. Filippov D. V. Zajavitel' kak uchastnik pervonachal'nogo jetapa ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva// Uchenye zapiski Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Gumanitarnye i social'nye nauki. – 2013. – # 1 (51). – S. 376-380.
6. Cherkasova Ju. A. Processual'nye garantii zajavitelja kak uchastnika ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva s neopredelennym ugolovno-processual'nym statusom // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2021. – # 3. – S. 197-200.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Galimov E. E., Ivanov I. V.
Historical aspects of the preventive measure in the form of a personal guarantee and its modern legal regulation
The article considers such a measure of restraint as a personal guarantee, touches upon the themes of its historical development, and notes the current state. In particular, some problematic aspects of the right to apply this preventive measure and ways to solve them are identified.
Keywords: criminal procedure law, preventive measures, personal surety.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Galimov Je. Je., Dudin N. S. K voprosu o merah presechenija, izbiraemyh bez poluchenija sudebnogo reshenija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021.- # 2 (153).
2. Lupinskaja P. A. Ugolovno-processual'noe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii / Uchebnik. - M.: Jurist", 2001.
3. Mery presechenija, ne svjazannye s zakljucheniem pod strazhu, v ugolovnom processe Rossii: Monografija/ Tkacheva N. V., nauchnyj redaktor Kudrjavceva A.V. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://kalinovsky-k.narod.ru/b/tkacheva/1-1.htm (data obrashhenija: 29.09.2021).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Gorlova Yu. A., Popenkov A. V., Antimonova S. I.
Comparative-legal analysis of the procedural position of the suspect, according to the legislation of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus
The article provides an analysis of the procedural position of persons in the status of a suspect under the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus. The authors analyzed the legal capacity of the suspect using the example of the identical norms of the two codes. The main differences between the Belarusian and Russian legislation in the regulation of ensuring the right of the suspect to defense are described. Proposals for the unification of legislation within the framework of building the Union State are reflected.
Keywords: the rights of the suspect, the procedural status of the suspect, the legal status of the suspect abroad, international legislation, the Union State.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dogovor mezhdu RF i Respublikoj Belarus' ot 08.12.1999 «O sozdanii Sojuznogo gosudarstva».
2. «Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021, s izm. ot 23.09.2021).
3. «Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Respubliki Belarus'»ot 16 ijulja 1999 g. # 295-Z prinjat Palatoj predstavitelej 24 ijunja 1999 goda. Odobren Sovetom Respubliki 30 ijunja 1999 goda.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Guseva I. I., Zubkov V. N.
Do the institutions and bodies of the penal enforcement system need the powers of the body of inquiry?
Based on the analysis of the development of legislation on the criminal procedural powers of institutions and bodies of the criminal justice system and the heads of these institutions, the problematic aspects of the sufficiency of the powers granted and the specifics of their implementation in the conditions of the criminal justice system are considered. The scientific views on the possibility of expanding the powers of the heads of institutions and bodies of the criminal justice system for the production of inquiry are analyzed. Proposals have been made to amend the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation for the possibility of launching an investigation in the form of an inquiry similar to the production of urgent investigative actions for subjects classified as bodies of inquiry, but not endowed with the competence to investigate, as well as for officials listed in Part 3 of Article 40 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, and for investigators.
Keywords: urgent investigative actions, inquiry, heads of institutions and bodies of the penal enforcement system, body of inquiry, criminal procedural powers, investigation.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Averkin S.D. Ispol'zovanie rezul'tatov rezhimnyh meroprijatij (dosmotra i obyska), provodimyh v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah, v rassledovanii prestuplenij: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2009. 231 s.
2. Aleksandrova O.P., Budanova L.Ju. Nekotorye diskussionnye voprosy ugolovno-processual'noj dejatel'nosti uchrezhdenij i organov FSIN Rossii kak organov doznanija // Izvestija Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Jekonomicheskie i juridicheskie nauki.2019. # 2. S. 82.
3. Gir'ko S.I. Mezhdunarodnye penitenciarnye standarty i izmenenie statusa ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii kak organa doznanija// Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii.2018. # 1 (41). S. 124-125.
4. Grishin D. A., Shuruhnov N. G. Prakticheskie rekomendacii po provedeniju obyskov i dosmotrov, osushhestvleniju iz"jatija zapreshhennyh predmetov, javljajushhihsja orudijami prestuplenij, v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. Prakticheskie rekomendacii. Rjazan', 2018. Ser. Kniga 151. S. 13-16.
5. Grjazeva N. V., Beljakov A. V. Teoreticheskie i prikladnye aspekty rassledovanija pobegov iz ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij: monografija. M.: Jurlitinform, 2017. S. 89.
6. Guseva I.I., Zubkov V.N. Differenciacija form dosudebnogo proizvodstva po ugolovnym delam o prestuplenijah, sovershennyh v uchrezhdenijah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // ModernScience. M., 2020. # 12-1. S. 254-255.
7. Il'in A.V., Novikov D.S. Processual'nyj status sotrudnikov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy pri rassledovanii prestuplenij, sovershennyh v penitenciarnyh uchrezhdenijah // Vestnik Kuzbasskogo instituta. 2018. # 1 (34). S. 107-108.
8. Krymov A. A. Ugolovno-processual'naja dejatel'nost' organov i uchrezhdenij UIS Rossii: avtoref. dis. ...dokt. jurid. nauk. M., 2015.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Imaeva Yu. B.
About some features of the preparation and conduct of presentation for identification in cases of mercenary- violent crimes
The article discusses some features of the preparatory stage of conducting such an investigative action as presentation for identification in cases of mercenary- violent crimes. Based on the analysis of forensic investigative practice, topical issues related to the planning of the presentation for identification are identified, recommendations are given.
Keywords: presentation for identification, mercenary - violent crimes, the initial stage of the investigation, interrogation before the presentation for identification.
Work bibliographic list
1. Luk'janchikov E. D. i Luk'janchikov B. E. O provedenii vstrechnogo opoznanija // Sibirskie ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie chtenija. -2016. - # 3. - S. 72-79.
2. Ljubichev S. G. Jeticheskie osnovy sledstvennoj taktiki. - M.: Jurid Lit, 1980.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Kravets E. G., Kuzmin S. V.
Pre-trial proceedings when proving infection with COVID-19
The article analyzes the problems of establishing significant circumstances in the investigation of crimes provided for by Article 236 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, and gives the necessary recommendations to investigators for use in practice. The difficulties of law enforcement are largely objective, due to regulatory novelties, discrepancies in their interpretation, a sharp perception of the society of quarantine restrictions and regulatory activities of the state aimed at countering the pandemic.
Key words: violation of sanitary and epidemiological rules, contagiousness, new coronavirus infection, infection.
Work bibliographic list
1. Voloh V. V., Gorodilov N. S. Vozbuzhdenie ugolovnogo dela v rossijskom ugolovnom processe: aktual'nye problemy // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii / Journal of the Volgograd Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia. 2021. Vypusk 2 (57). Nauchno-metodicheskij zhurnal. — Volgograd:VA MVD Rossii, 2021. — S. 84-92.
2. Urda M. N. Upravlenie riskami migracionnoj prestupnosti v uslovijah pandemii // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii / Journal of the Volgograd Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia. 2020. Vypusk 3 (54). Nauchno-metodicheskij zhurnal. — Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2020. — S. 62-70.
3. Fadeeva Ju. R. Sledstvennye dejstvija neglasnogo haraktera v ugolovno-processual'nom zakonodatel'stve Rossii i zarubezhnyh stran // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii / Journal of the Volgograd Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia. 2021. Vypusk 1 (56). Nauchno-metodicheskij zhurnal. — Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2021. — S.146-151.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Logachev K. K.
Measures to ensure the safety of the property of a suspect (accused), detained or imprisoned
This paper analyzes the adoption of measures to ensure the safety of the property of a suspect (accused), a detainee or a prisoner in custody. The author highlights the most problematic aspects of the application of this institute in practice. It is indicated that there is no moment of occurrence of the obligation to preserve property. Raises the issue of the safety of pets as the property of the accused. In addition, various solutions to these problems are being considered.
Keywords: apprehension, close confinement, property, insuring of safety.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' vtoraja) ot 26.01.1996 # 14-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021, s izm. ot 08.07.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF.- 1996. - # 5. - St. 410.
2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ (red. ot 28.06.2021, s izm. ot 08.07.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF.- 1994. - # 32. - St. 3301.
3. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021, s izm. ot 23.09.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 2001. - # 52 (ch. I). - St. 4921.
4. Vlasova N. A. Primenenie popechitel'nyh i obespechitel'nyh mer v otnoshenii izhdivencev i imushhestva podozrevaemogo, obvinjaemogo // Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2016. - # 11
5. Dezhnev A. S. Obespechenie sohrannosti imushhestva i zhilishha obvinjaemogo (podozrevaemogo), podvergnutogo zaderzhaniju ili zakljucheniju pod strazhu //
Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2010. - # 11. - S. 10-12.
6. Petruhin I. L. Neprikosnovennost' lichnosti i prinuzhdenie v ugolovnom processe. - M.: Nauka, 1989. - 252 s.
7. Cokolova O. I., Surygina N. E. Porjadok zakljuchenija i soderzhanija pod strazhej na stadii predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija. - M.: VNII MVD Rossii, 2003. - 162 s
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Topchieva T. V.
About the subject of cooperation agreements in the criminal process of Russia and the Republic of Kazakhstan
The author of the article reveals the main point of the Russian pre-trial cooperation agreement and the Kazakh procedural cooperation agreement. The author has drawn a conclusion about the relationship of the main point of procedural cooperation agreement with their purpose in the criminal proceedings of the countries under review. Based on a comparative analysis of the norms of the criminal procedure legislation of Russia and Kazakhstan, the author highlights the strengths of the procedures under consideration, which could be taken into account by the legislator of Russia and Kazakhstan.
Кeywords: criminal proceedings, the procedural cooperation agreement, pre-trial collaboration agreement, discretionality, criminal proceeding categories, suspect, defendant, prosecutor, judge.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 18.12.2001 g. # 174-FZ (s izm. i dop.): SPS Konsul'tantPljus: [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http//www.consultant.ru.
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan: Zakon Respubliki Kazahstan ot 4 ijulja 2014g. # 231-V (s izm. i dop.): Informacionno-pravovaja sistema normativnyh pravovyh aktov Respubliki Kazahstan: [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/K1400000231.
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan: Zakon Respubliki Kazahstan ot 24.11.2015 g. # 422-V (s izm. i dop.): Informacionno-pravovaja sistema normativnyh pravovyh aktov Respubliki Kazahstan: [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/K1400000231.
4. Dneprovskaja M.A. Osobyj porjadok prinjatija sudebnogo reshenija pri soglasii obvinjaemogo s pred"javlennym emu obvineniem: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Irkutsk, 2009.
5. Pijuk A.V. Problemy primenenija uproshhennyh form razreshenija ugolovnyh del v sudoproizvodstve RF v svete tipologii sovremennogo ugolovnogo processa. Monografija. Tomsk, 2011.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Shamshina O. S.
The criminal procedural aspect of the investigator’s activity at the end of the preliminary investigation with the preparation of the indictment
The article considers the peculiarities of the investigator’s activity in notifying participants of the pre-trial stage of criminal proceedings about the end of investigative actions, as well as in familiarizing the accused and his defender, the victim with the materials of the criminal case. The problems arising at this stage are identified and solutions are proposed by introducing amendments and additions to the criminal procedure legislation.
Keywords: investigator, investigator’s activity, the end of the preliminary investigation, notification, familiarization with the materials of the criminal case.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Alimamedov Je. N. Dejatel'nost' sledovatelja na jetape okonchanija predvaritel'nogo sledstvija sostavleniem obvinitel'nogo zakljuchenija // Publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. – 2019. – # 1 (41). – S.206-228.
2. Artamonov A. N., Sedel'nikov P. V. Okonchanie predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija. – Omsk: Omskaja akademija MVD Rossii, 2016. – 140 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Klevtsov M. I., Pozdnyakova K. A., Tsirkunov M. E.
Indirect evidence in the system of types of evidence in criminal proceedings
The article examines circumstantial evidence that is included in the subject of proof in criminal proceedings. Proofing with the use of circumstantial evidence is a complex and multifaceted process of the substantive, practical and mental activity of the court and the bodies of the preliminary investigation. In addition, the use of circumstantial evidence has its own distinctive features and characteristics.
The establishment of these features will make it possible to correctly and accurately apply the complex of norms of criminal procedure legislation. Based on the particular importance and requirement of the correct, accurate application of circumstantial evidence in criminal proceedings, the topic of work is becoming increasingly relevant in the modern world, given the constant dynamics and improvement of the norms of criminal procedure legislation.
Keywords: circumstantial evidence, criminal proceedings, criminal procedure, crime, proof, illegal act.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bezlepkin B.T. Ugolovnyj process v voprosah i otvetah: uchebnoe posobie. 9-e izd., pererab. i dop. –Moskva: Prospekt, 2018.
2. Endοl'ceva A.V. Ugolovnyj process: uchebnoe posobie. – Moskva: JuNITI–DANA: Zakon i pravo, 2018.
3. Konin V.V. Proizvodnye dokazatel'stva v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Advokat. – 2016. – # 6.
4. Popov I.A., Borbat A.V. Aktual'nye problemy teorii issledovanija veshhestvennyh dokazatel'stv:istoricheskij i sovremennyj aspekty // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2017. – # 18.
5. Melikjan A.M. Ugolovnyj process: uchebnoe posobie dlja special'nosti 40.02.03 Pravo i sudebnoe administrirovanie. — Armavir: RIO ALSI, 2017.
6. Selina E.V. Ugolovno-processual'noe znachenie kosvennyh dokazatel'stv // Rossijskaja justicija. – 2016.– # 12.
7. Smirnov A.V., Kalinovskij K.B. Ugolovnyj process: uchebnik. – Moskva: Norma, Infra-M, 2018.
8. Shelegov Ju. V. Problemy ispol'zovanija kosvennyh dokazatel'stv v ugolovnom processe // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2016. –# 3 (66).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Volkhovskiy R. A.
Actual aspects of improving the training of the staff of criminal executive inspectorates in the context of creating a probation system in Russia
The article examines the relationship between the implementation of their professional duties by the employees of criminal-executive inspectorates with the specifics of their educational training. The author concludes that it is necessary to change the system of training the staff of criminal executive inspectorates, in order to ensure greater emphasis on the acquisition of professional skills by future employees in the field of psychological, pedagogical, social work with convicts, as well as their resocialization and social adaptation, which meets the objectives establishing a probation system.
Keywords: probation system, staffing, prison staff, resocialization, social adaptation, staff structure.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Volhovskij R.A., Petrenko N.I., Smirnova I.N. K voprosu ispol'zovanija volonterskoj dejatel'nosti v processe resocializacii nesovershennoletnih lic, osuzhdennyh k nakazanijam, ne svjazannym s lisheniem svobody // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta kooperacii : nauchno-teoreticheskij zhurnal. –2021. – # 3 (45). – S. 96-99.
2. Kratkaja harakteristika ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // Oficial'nyj sajt Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij Rossii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fsin.gov.ru/structure/inspector/iao/statistika/Kratkaya%20har-ka%20UIS/.
3. Lafutkin A.M. O dejatel'nosti psihologov UII //Sbornik materialov VII Vserossijskogo soveshhanija rukovoditelej ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij, ispravitel'nyh centrov i podrazdelenij po kontrolju za ispolneniem nakazanij, ne svjazannyh s izoljaciej osuzhdennyh ot obshhestva, territorial'nyh organov FSIN Rossii (19–21 ijulja 2017 g.).– Pushkin, 2017. – S. 73-78.
4. Lebedeva A.D. Professional'naja podgotovka i perepodgotovka rabotnikov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy – vazhnejshee napravlenie optimizacii kadrovogo obespechenija v uslovijah reformirovanija UIS // Obshhestvo: politika, jekonomika,pravo. – 2016. – # 3. – S. 118-120.
5. Organizacija dejatel'nosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy v sfere ispolnenija nakazanij i mer ugolovno-pravovogo haraktera bez izoljacii ot obshhestva : ucheb. posobie / I. N. Smirnova i dr. –Pskov: LOGOS, 2017. – 160 s.
6. Smirnova I. N., Borisenko I. V. Organizacija i pravovye osnovy dejatel'nosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij v sfere preduprezhdenija povtornyh prestuplenij osuzhdennyh, sostojashhih na ih uchete: monografija. – Pskov: OOO «LOGOS Pljus», 2012. – 112 s.
7. Smirnova I.N. Problemy organizacii sovmestnogo planirovanija ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij s organami vnutrennih del // Zakon i pravo. – 2016. – # 2. – S. 122-124.
8. Smirnova I.N., Semenova N.V. Sostojanie organizacii dejatel'nosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij po profilaktike prestuplenij osuzhdennyh bez lishenija svobody, vkljuchennyh v gruppu riska // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta kooperacii. – 2017. – # 4 (30). – S. 129-131.
9. Shnarbaev B.K. Organizacija social'no-psihologicheskoj raboty s kadrami sluzhby probacii // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. – 2020. – T. 28. – #2. – S. 220-225.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Fedorchenko V. S.
Correlation of the principles of criminal proceedings and the general conditions of judicial proceedings in the activities of the court in the implementation of pre-trial control
This article shows that the effectiveness of relative provisions at all stages of criminal procedure, or just one (several) of them, is one of criteria for dividing the rules of criminal procedure and the general conditions of judicial examination in the Russian Federation’s Code of Criminal Procedure. The conclusion that the publicity of judicial examination, directness, parlor and equality of rights of parties being the inherent characteristics of the court’s activities, are applicable not only to the judicial stages, but also to the pre-trial procedure for the consideration by the court of petitions for applying the measure of restraint in the form of taking into custody, house arrest or bail, placing of the accused suspect, being in custody, in a relative medical facility for the performance of expert examination, the complaints against the actions (inactions) and the decisions of preliminary investigative bodies, prosecutor’s office and the court, and also the pleas for investigative proceedings based on utilization of real evidences, or their destruction, is substantiated. It has been shown that not only the independence of judges and the delivery of justice by the court, but also other legal norms of more general nature, which determine the court’s activities, may qualify for the rules of criminal procedure.
Keywords: criminal trial principles, general conditions, judicial examination, court, independence of judges, delivery of justice by the court, transparency, directness, parlor, equality of rights of parties.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - 2020. - # 27. - St. 4196.
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - 1996. -# 25. - St. 2954.
3. Vilkova T. Ju. Principy ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva Rossii: monografija / Vilkova T. Ju. - Moskva: Jurlitinform, 2015. - 323 s.
4. Kajgorodov A. A. Sootnoshenie ponjatij principov ugolovnogo processa i obshhih uslovij sudebnogo razbiratel'stva // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2011. - # 342 (janvar'). - S. 132-135.
5. Lebedev V. M. Pravosudie v sovremennom mire: monografija / Pod red.: Lebedev V. M., Habrieva T. Ja. - M.:Norma, Infra-M, 2014. - 720 c.
6. Lucenko P. A. Sudebnyj kontrol' v dosudebnyh stadijah ugolovnogo processa Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. ...kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.09. - M., 2014. - 173 s.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Ananjev O. G., Ivliev P. V.
Improving the legal regulation of social work with persons serving sentences
The author makes a brief analysis of the regulatory legal acts in force in the Russian Federation on the regulation of social work with convicts serving criminal sentences. Examines the existing international standards of work with prisoners in this area. Characterizes the shortcomings of the system of providing such assistance to persons in need of it, and also gives recommendations on possible amendments and additions to the current legislation for the effectiveness of social work.
Keywords: legislation, regulatory legal acts, social work, legal status, assistance, convicted to criminal penalties.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anan'ev O. G, Kazancev V. N., Kijko N. V., Kuznecov M. I. i dr. Social'naja rabota v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah // uchebnoe posobie. - Rjazan': Akademija FSIN Rossii, 2021. - 300 s.
2. Minimal'nye standartnye pravila v otnoshenii obrashhenija s zakljuchennymi (Pravila Nel'sona Mandely) (peresmotrennyj tekst) (prinjaty Rezoljuciej General'noj Assambli i OON 17 dekabrja 2015 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://base.garant.ru/1305346/ (data obrashhenija:15.10.2021).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Gridneva M. V.
Criminological characteristics of the personality of a convicted person for compulsory labor at the present stage
The article is devoted to the study of the criminological characteristics of a convicted person for compulsory labor. In particular, the study analyzes the statistical data provided by the Judicial Department at the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation regarding the quantitative and qualitative component of those sentenced to compulsory labor.
The article examines the dynamics of the use of punishments by Russian courts that are not related to isolation from society over the past three years, where it is rightly noted that today alternative punishments to imprisonment have become less frequent. The author also provides an analysis of the sentencing in the form of mandatory work, where the author claims that over the past three years the number of persons sentenced to mandatory work who are registered in the criminal enforcement inspections is gradually increasing, despite the fact that the type of punishment under study is less relevant among other alternative punishments to imprisonment. According to the author, the study of criminological features of those sentenced to compulsory labor at the present stage is necessary, since with the change in the quantitative component, the criminological characteristics of the convict’s personality also change, and an individual approach to each convict is the key to the success of preventive and preventive influence on him, and, consequently, the key to success in achieving the main goal of criminal punishment-correction of the convict.
In the study, in order to ensure the effectiveness of the execution of criminal penalties in the form of mandatory work, the author suggests expanding the circle of persons who cannot be assigned mandatory work.
In conclusion, the author, based on the statistical data collected during the study, presents an approximate criminological portrait of a convicted person for mandatory work at the present stage.
Keywords: convicted person, personality, punishment, mandatory work; criminological characteristics, employee, criminal enforcement inspection, preventive measures.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Degtjareva O. L. Jeffektivnost' ispolnenija nakazanij i mer ugolovno - pravovogo haraktera bez izoljacii osuzhdennyh ot obshhestva // Novaja nauka: ot idei k rezul'tatu. 2016. # 9-1. S. 174-176.
2. Koreckij S. V., Pet'kov V. A. Kriterii razgranichenija tipologii lichnosti prestupnika // Nacional'nyj juridicheskij universitet im. Jaroslava Mudrogo. 2015. # 1. S. 48-58.
3. Smirnova I. N. Harakteristika osuzhdennyh k nakazaniju v vide ogranichenija svobody // Chelovek:prestuplenie i nakazanie. 2010. # 3. S. 85-89.

CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Elchaninov A. P.
Organization of management activities in the penal system of the Russian Federation: existing shortcomings and areas of optimization
The article examines problematic issues in the system of organizing management activities in the penal system of the Russian Federation as a basic multifunctional state institution. Among the disadvantages of administration, the author refers to excessive workflow, over-organization of individual management processes in the UIS. It is shown that these management shortcomings are not unique to the penal system, but are inherent in most of the law enforcement agencies of the Russian Federation. The author makes suggestions on the directions of optimization of management processes in the penal system.
Keywords: penitentiary system, management activities, administration, document flow, law enforcement agencies, digital technologies.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 29.04.2021 #1138 «O Koncepcii razvitija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2030 goda». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija:30.10.2021).
2. Bahrah D. N. Administrativnoe pravo: uchebnik. –M.: Izd-vo BEK, 1996.
3. Dolinin A. Ju. Organizacija i pravovye osnovy organizacionno-shtatnoj dejatel'nosti organov i uchrezhdenij ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Rjazan', 2006.
4. Kotljarov I. D. Novyj vzgljad na funkcii ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy: servisnyj podhod //Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2014. – # 3.– S. 88-92.
5. Filimonov O. V. Aktual'nye voprosy reformirovanija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy //Vedomosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. – 2000. – # 3. – S. 2-8.
6. Shamsunov S. H. Dobivat'sja stabil'nyh rezul'tatov po vsem napravlenijam kadrovoj raboty. Materialy vyezdnogo zasedanija kollegii Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij (g. Tula, ijul' 2008 g.) // Vedomosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. – 2008. – # 9. – S. 14-15.
7. Shhedrin Ju. V. Organizacionno-pravovye osnovy upravlencheskoj dejatel'nosti nachal'nika territorial'nogo organa ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Rjazan', 2002.

CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Zorina N. S.
Suicide among juvenile convicts: factors, causes and prevention
This article discusses the problems of suicidal behavior of minors convicted in places of deprivation of liberty. Attention is paid to the causes and factors affecting the suicidal behavior of juvenile convicts. The article also considers the characteristics of the personality of juvenile convicts, which is largely due to the peculiarities of adolescence. The reasons for the condition in question in adolescents are difficulties in the conditions of serving sentences, penitentiary stress, unfavorable social environment, the presence of drug and alcohol addictions, exposure to prison subculture. In this regard, educational work aimed at solving the problems of suicidal behavior of adolescents is necessary. Employees of educational colonies (together with other specialists) should use all possible means to prevent these phenomena.
Keywords: suicidal behavior, juvenile convicts, the problem of suicide, the cause of suicide, imprisonment, educational colony.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Debol'skij M. G., Matveeva I. A. Suicidal'noe povedenie osuzhdennyh, podozrevaemyh i obvinjaemyh v mestah lishenija svobody // Psihologija i pravo.- 2013. - # 3. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://psyjournals.ru/psyandlaw/2013/n3/63783_full.shtml (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021).
2. Zautorova Je. V. Penitenciarnaja pedagogika: ucheb. posobie. 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. - Vologda, 2012.
3. Social'no-psihologicheskaja harakteristika suicidal'nogo povedenija osuzhdennyh v mestah lishenija svobody (teoreticheskie i metodicheskie aspekty):ucheb.-metod. posobie / avt.-sost. O. G. Kovalev, N. P. Timonin. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. - Vladimir, 2002. - 132
s.
4. Stacenko V. G., Volochaj S. N. Preduprezhdenie samoubijstva nesovershennoletnih – odna iz glavnyh zadach SK RF // Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2017. - # 10.- S. 37-39.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Karhanina L. V.
Implementation by criminal-executive inspectorates monitoring compliance with the terms of the postponement of serving sentences by pregnant women:problematic aspects
The article examines the peculiarities of the implementation by the criminal executive inspectorates of control over the observance of the conditions for the postponement of the serving of sentences by pregnant women and suggests possible ways to improve this area of activity. The author identifies two stages in exercising control over the considered category of persons - before birth and after the birth of a child.
Keywords: postponement of a sentence by a pregnant woman; penitentiary inspectorate; exercising control; non-observance of the terms of the postponement of the sentence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.11.2011 # 323-FZ (red. Ot 02.07.2021) «Ob osnovah ohrany zdorov'ja grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.10.2021).
2. Sudebnyj departament pri Verhovnom Sude Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/ (data obrashhenija:25.10.2021).
3. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Chasti Obshhaja i Osobennaja: uchebnik / pod red. A. V. Brilliantova. – 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – Moskva: Prospekt, 2021. – 1344 s.

CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Mikheeva S. V., Shlepanov D. V.
Problems arising from the suppression of attempts to transfer prohibited items to pre-trial detention facilities
The article discusses the problems that arise in the activities of pre-trial detention centers in Russia. The authors propose solutions to eliminate problematic issues related to preventive measures in terms of changing the regulatory framework and increasing administrative fines, as well as organizing work in certain areas aimed at preventing the penetration of cellular communications into the territory of pretrial detention facilities.
Keywords: pre-trial detention center, staff member, convicted, suspect, accused, penal system.
Workbibliographiclist
1. O nedostatkah v organizacii rezhima i obespechenija nadzora za podozrevaemymi, obvinjaemymi i osuzhdennymi v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah i sledstvennyh izoljatorov v 2017 g: informacionnoe pis'mo FSIN Rossii ot 26.02.2018 g. ish. 03-12891.– 325 s.
2. Sostojanie zakonnosti i sobljudenie prav cheloveka v ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sisteme. Otchet FSIN Rossii «UIS-TO-SZPCh» // Osnovnye pokazateli dejatel'nosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy FSIN Rossii (janvar'-dekabr' 2017 g): informacionno-analiticheskij sbornik. – Tver': NIIIT FSIN Rossii, 2018. – 389 s.
3. Shihanov V. A. Oborot zapreshhennyh predmetov na rezhimnyh territorijah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy: voprosy kriminalizacii // Vestnik Samarskogo juridicheskogo instituta. – 2018. – # 3 (39).– S. 144-148.

CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Ozerskiy S. V., Kameneva I. M.
Problems and peculiarities of RF UIS activities during coronavirus infection (COVID-19)
The present article raises a highly topical issue of the activities of the Federal Penitentiary Service during the pandemic caused by COVID-19 infection. Under such special conditions, it is necessary to maintain the continuity of the functioning of penitentiary institutions and bodies. And in this regard, digital technology is the future, as it allows to maintain operation and interaction between systems and services remotely.
Key words: penal system, coronavirus infection, digital technology.
Work bibliographic list
1. Oficial'nyj sajt UFSIN Rossii po Samarskoj oblasti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://63.fsin.gov.ru/news/detail.php?ELEMENT_ID=504474 (data obrashhenija: 02.09.2021).
2. Postanovlenie Glavnogo gosudarstvennogo sanitarnogo vracha RF ot 22 maja 2020 g. # 15 «Ob utverzhdenii sanitarno-jepidemiologicheskih pravil SP 3.1.3597-20 «Profilaktika novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii (COVID-19)». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –
Rezhim dostupa: Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 02.09.2021).
3. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 29 aprelja 2021g. # 1138-r «Ob utverzhdenii Koncepcii razvitija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy RF na period do 2030 g.».
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Rastoropov S. V., Brezhneva K. V.
Qualification of the higher position in the criminal hierarchy on the subject of the crime
In the article, the authors analyze the issues of qualification of occupying the highest position in the criminal hierarchy according to the subject of this crime, provide examples from investigative practice on the initiation of criminal cases under Article 210.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The fact is stated that law enforcement officers were able to dispel a number of questions posed by theorists of law, defining their tactics and strategy for the application of a new, only forming investigative and judicial practice, criminal law.
At the end of the work, the authors come to certain logical conclusions, basing them both on the theoretical opinions of various scientists and reinforcing their own experience of work in law enforcement agencies.
Keywords: «thief in law», «proprietor», «overseer», criminal hierarchy, «former thief», «dispossession», subject of crime, criminal liability, conflict of interests, investigation of criminal cases.
Work bibliographic list
1. Apelljacionnoe postanovlenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 10.06.2020 po delu # 10-10594/20. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mos-gorsud.ru/mgs/services/cases/appeal-criminal/details/9cd015b2-ec33-46b1-9955-5456a05e3c97?caseNumber=10-10594/2020&courtInternalName=mgs (data obrashhenija: 27.02.2021).
2. Belocerkovskij S. D. Sistema pravovogo regulirovanija bor'by s organizovannoj prestupnost'ju i nauchnye osnovy ee optimizacii. M.: Rossijskaja kriminologicheskaja associacija, 2011. 590 s.
3. V Moskve zaderzhali vora v zakone iz klana Deda Hasana. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ura.news/news/1052471603?utm_source=yxnews&utm_medium=desktop (data obrashhenija: 27.02.2021).
4. Grishko A. Ja. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika lica, zanimajushhego vysshee polozhenie v prestupnoj ierarhii (chast' 4 stat'i 210 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii) // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. 2016. # 3. S. 84-88.
5. Egorova N. A., Egorov A. G. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' za zanjatie vysshego polozhenija v prestupnoj ierarhii: prodolzhenie diskussii // Vestnik Volgogradskoj Akademii MVD Rossii. 2020. # 1. S. 34-44.
6. Iz zdanija Oktjabr'skogo rajonnogo suda goroda Vladimira sbezhal kriminal'nyj avtoritet Levan Suhumskij? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://zebra-tv.ru/novosti/ekstcessi/iz-zdaniya-oktyabrskogorayonnogo-suda-goroda-vladimira-sbezhal-kriminalnyyavtoritet-levan-sukhumsk/ (data obrashhenija: 27.02.2021).
7. Mondohonov A. Special'nyj sub"ekt organizacii prestupnogo soobshhestva (prestupnoj organizacii) ili uchastija v nem (nej) // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2020. # 5. S. 53-57.
8. Specnaz FSB zaderzhal «zamestitelja» vora v zakone Gazi Brjanskogo. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lenta.ru/news/2020/06/19/zaderg/ (data obrashhenija: 27.02.2021).
9. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.primecrime.ru/characters/3803#bio i https://www.mzk1.ru/2019/08/vor-v-zakone-andrej-torkunovturok/(data obrashhenija: 27.02.2021).

CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V., Maslennikov E. E.
Issues of ensuring the safety of personnel and other persons visiting correctional institutions
The article examines the controversial issues of ensuring the safety of the personnel of the IU and other persons visiting correctional institutions. It is necessary to develop a unified approach of theory and practice on the issues of ensuring the safety of the personnel of the IU and other persons visiting correctional institutions. The safety of the personnel of the IU must be really ensured for the effectiveness of the execution of the punishment in the form of imprisonment. The personnel of the IU will not be able to perform their official duties if their safety is not ensured.
Keywords: IU personnel safety, IU personnel safety means, IU security system.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gromov M. A. Organizacija bezopasnosti v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah. – Rjazan', 2005. - S. 102.
2. Zakon RF ot 21 ijulja 1993 g. # 5473-I «Ob uchrezhdenijah i organah, ispolnjajushhih ugolovnye nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami).
3. Komarov S. V. Organizacija dejatel'nosti otdelov i sluzhb ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij po obespecheniju bezopasnosti sotrudnikov // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. - 2019. - # 7(104). - S. 98.
4. Kutakov N. N. Organizacija i pravovye osnovy obespechenija bezopasnosti personala ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij FSIN Rossii. Dis. …k.ju.n. - Rjazan', 2014.
5. Subbotina O. M., Kutakov N. N. Obespechenie bezopasnosti lichnosti v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah Rossii: pravovoj i organizacionnyj aspekty. // Juridicheskaja nauka. - 2017. - # 2. - S.100.
6. Uporov A. G. Bezopasnost' personala uchrezhdenij ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy i osobennosti ee pravovogo regulirovanija // Vestnik Kuzbasskogo instituta. - 2011. - # 3 (6). - S. 42.
7. Useev R. Z. Obespechenie bezopasnosti ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij. - Samara: Samarskij juridicheskij institut FSIN Rossii, 2015. - S. 74.
8. Juzhanin V. E., Prihozhaja L. E. Razdel'noe soderzhanie raznyh kategorij osuzhdennyh k lisheniju svobody // Vestnik Kuzbasskogo instituta. - 2018.- # 4 (37). - S. 118.

CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Khoroshko I. V.
On the need to amend part 1 of article 116, part 6 of article 103 of the Criminal Executive Code of the Russian Federation
The article analyzes the legal gaps of the criminal executive legislation on the subject of the convict’s refusal to work for valid reasons. The author suggests making changes to the domestic legislation concerning the studied problem. However, the law does not establish a list of such reasons. The author’s vision of eliminating the identified gap from the point of view of its religious component is proposed. The author proposes amendments to the domestic legislation regarding the issues under study.
Keywords: convict, refusal to work, valid reasons, religion, Islam, prohibition.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Abolmasova T. E. Institut pomoshhnikov nachal'nikov regional'nyh upravlenij FSIN Rossii po organizacii raboty s verujushhimi kak dopolnitel'naja garantija obespechenija prava osuzhdennyh na svobodu veroispovedanija // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo: problemy teorii i praktiki. - 2017. - #4. - S. 160-162.
2. Kratkaja harakteristika Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fsin.gov.ru/structure/inspector/iao/statistika/Kratkaya%20har-ka%20UIS/(data obrashhenija: 11.11.2021).
3. Rybakov V. V. Vkljuchenie svjashhennosluzhitelej v rabotu ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij na shtatnoj osnove: problemy i perspektivy // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. - 2016. - # 1 (23). - S. 57-60.
4. Fetvy postojannogo komiteta. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://bmagrifa.com/fetvy-postoyannogo-komiteta-i-shejha-ibn-baza-votnoshenii-murdzhiitov/ (data obrashhenija: 05.11.2021).
5. Horoshko I. V. Opyt katehizatorskoj raboty v mestah lishenija svobody v Rossijskoj Federacii //Vestnik obshhestvennoj nauchno-issledovatel'skoj laboratorii «Vzaimodejstvie ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy s institutami grazhdanskogo obshhestva: istoriko-pravovye i teoretiko-metodologicheskie aspekty». - 2020. - # 19. - S. 151-158.
6. Shilova N. P. Osobennosti truda lic, osuzhdennyh k lisheniju svobody // Vestnik instituta: prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie. - 2009. - # 5. - S. 81

JUDICIARY
Klinchuk S. V.
Issues of prosecutorial supervision over the implementation of the rights of a civil plaintiff in criminal proceedings
The article deals with the problems of prosecutorial supervision of preliminary investigation as an important direction in ensuring the rights of various subjects of criminal proceedings, maintaining the overall level of legality and the rule of law, including issues affecting the filing of a civil claim in a criminal case. The author draws attention to the peculiarities of establishing the fact of violation of procedural rights of the victim, in particular, whether the civil claim was correctly stated, whether the investigator fully assessed the amount of damage caused, whether all the negative results, caused by the crime, were taken into account.
Keywords: prosecutor’s supervision, preliminary investigation, victim, constitutional rights, civil plaintiff, the claim in the criminal process, the legitimate interests of the victim.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 17.01.1992 N 2202-1 (red. Ot 26.07.2019) «O prokurature Rossijskoj Federacii»// Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 20.11.1995. # 47.St. 4472
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 18.12.2001 N 174-FZ (red. ot 27.12.2019, s izm. ot 30.01.2020) // «Rossijskaja gazeta». # 249. 22.12.2001.
3. Vasil'eva M.I. Jeffektivnost' pravovogo regulirovanija // Alleja nauki. 2018. T. 4. # 8 (24). S. 519-522.
4. Ivanov D.A. Znachenie prokurorskogo nadzora za dejatel'nost'ju sledovatelja, doznavatelja po vozmeshheniju prichinennogo prestupleniem vreda // Vestnik jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti. 2016. # 5. S. 132-135.
5. Kononjuk N.S. Processual'nyj porjadok pred"javlenija grazhdanskogo iska v ugolovnom dele // Otechestvennaja jurisprudencija. 2018. S. 47-50.
6. Kravcova O.V., Blinova-Sychkar' I.V., Dmitrienko S.A. Prokurorskij nadzor za obespecheniem prav poterpevshego (pri proizvodstve sledstvennyh dejstvij) // Innovacionnye modeli razvitija kooperativnogo sektora jekonomiki. 2015. S. 129-134.
7. Nazarov A.D., Shaginjan A.S. Rol' prokurora v ustranenii sledstvennyh oshibok // Ugolovnaja justicija. 2017. # 10. S. 121-128.
8. Ohotina Ju.V. Smolina M.M. Edinstvo morali i prava v opravdatel'nom prigovore suda // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2019. # 11 (138). S. 328-330.
9. Potorykina E.Ju. Rol' i znachenie funkcij processual'nogo kontrolja i prokurorskogo nadzora v obespechenii zakonnosti pri proizvodstve predvaritel'nogo sledstvija // Vestnik jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti. 2018. # 2. S. 168-172.
10. Skachkova A.E. Mehanizm pravovogo regulirovanija kak teoretiko-pravovoj aspekt i vektor nauchnogo issledovanija // Rossijskij zhurnal pravovyh issledovanij. 2017. # 2 (11). S. 35-42.

CRIMINALISTICS
Karpenko O. A., Bronenkova Y. V.
Giving deliberately false testimony by witnesses and victims as an element of a conflict situation
The article is devoted to the consideration of some elements of the conflict, including the deliberately false testimony of witnesses and victims, their influence on the process of investigation of criminal cases, as well as the development and argumentation of proposals aimed at effectively overcoming conflict situations in the investigation of criminal cases. The authors reveal the meanings of the terms conflict, incident, conflict situation, warring parties. The problems of overcoming conflict situations in the course of the daily activities of investigators in the investigation of criminal cases are outlined.
Keywords: conflict, conflict situation, false testimony, witness, victim.
Work bibliographic list
1. Drapkin L. Ja. Osnovy teorii sledstvennoj situacii. - Sverdlovsk, 1987. - 163 s.
2. Poberezhnyj S. K. Kriminalisticheskie sredstva razreshenija konfliktov i konfliktnyh situacij na predvaritel'nom sledstvii: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. - Kaliningrad, 2000. - 24 s.
3. Polstovalov O. V. Kriminalisticheskaja konfliktologija: sovremennye nravstvennye i psihologicheskie problemy: monografija. - Ufa, 2002. - 152 s.
4. Uvarov M. A. Vidy i obshhaja harakteristika stadij proizvodstva po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021. - # 1 (152). - S. 154-155.
5. Uvarov M. A. Administrativno-jurisdikcionnaja dejatel'nost' organov vnutrennih del v oblasti ohrany sobstvennosti: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.14. – M., 2019. – 112 s.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Lonshchakova A. R., Lonshchakova P. A., Lonshchakova A. A.
Analysis of individual cyber incidents. Comprehensive approach to protection against insider threats
The article examines the practice of investigating individual cyber incidents, analyzing tools for identifying significant information (monitoring tools). The conclusion is substantiated that complex system mechanisms for countering digital attacks, fraudulent manipulative techniques are promising tools for their effective control and neutralization.
Keywords: cyber incident, social engineering, insider threats, psychological profile, prognosis and psychology of behavior, identification, effective control, counteraction, integrated approach, security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gribunov O. P. Sredstva sotovoj svjazi kak istochnik kriminalisticheski znachimoj informacii // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. –2017. – # 4 (83). – S. 137-142.
2. Lavrov V. P. Protivodejstvie rassledovaniju prestuplenij i mery po ego preodoleniju: uchebnik. –Moskva: Akademija Upravlenija MVD Rossii, 2017.– 147 s.
3. Lonshhakova A. R. Vozmozhnost' vyjavlenija kriminalisticheski znachimoj informacii pri analize reagirovanija na kiberincidenty // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 2. – S. 338-339.
4. Lonshhakova A. R. Kompleksnoe protivodejstvie fishingu i drugim cifrovym atakam // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 5. – S. 365-367.
5. Lonshhakova A. R. Sistemnye mehanizmy protivodejstvija ispol'zovaniju kriptovaljut i jelektronnyh sredstv platezha v sfere nezakonnogo oborota narkoticheskih sredstv, psihotropnyh veshhestv i ih analogov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2021. – # 6. – S. 365-367.
6. Harisova Z. I., Lonshhakova A. R. Programmno-analiticheskij kompleks «Kiberbezopasnost'» // Svidetel'stvo o registracii programmy dlja JeVM 2020661720. - 30.09.2020. - Zajavka # 2020660996 ot 23.09.2020.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Nagoeva M. A.
On the question of establishing an identity based on the signs of appearance
The article contains a summary of the basics of portrait identification, as well as technical and forensic recommendations for the use of various types of portraits in the process of operational search and investigative activities.
It gives a general concept of portrait identification, describes the types of portraits used in operational investigative work, their characteristics, considers the characteristics of a person used in the process of portrait identification, as well as various forms of portrait identification-operational, investigative, expert.
In portrait identification mainly anatomical features of appearance and some characteristics of clothing are used as identification features, which receive the most complete display in portraits. In some cases, functional signs that are displayed on video frames with the image of a person taken in motion, during a conversation or any other actions can also be used for identification or operational identification.
Keywords: expertise, appearance, portrait identification, investigative activity.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Akkaeva H. A. Osobennosti primenenija special'nyh psihologicheskih znanij v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2020. - T. 13. # 3. - S. 235-237.
2. Gusev A. A. Metodika proizvodstva sudebnyh jekspertiz v celjah ustanovlenija lichnosti po chertam vneshnosti. MJu RSFSR. Vysshie kursy usovershenstvovanija juristov. - M., 1960.
3. Demidova T. V. Sudebno-portretnaja jekspertiza na sovremennom jetape: problemy i puti reshenija. // Jenciklopedija sudebnoj jekspertizy. - 2018. - # 4 (19). - S. 7-14.
4. Zinin A. M. Znachenie stadij osmotra i predvaritel'nogo issledovanija ob"ektov, postupivshih dlja proizvodstva sudebnyh portretnyh jekspertiz// Sudebnaja jekspertiza. - 2021. - # 1 (65). - S. 32-37.
5. Zinin A. M. Identifikacija cheloveka i ustanovlenie lichnosti po priznakam vneshnosti: sootnoshenie ponjatij. // Teorija i praktika sudebnoj jekspertizy. - 2019. - T. 14. # 1. - S. 66-69.
6. Ispol'zovanie sostavnyh i risovannyh portretov dlja rozyska prestupnikov. Obzor zarubezhnoj kriminalisticheskoj literatury (kriminalisticheskaja tehnika). - M.: izd. NIIM MOOP RSFSR, 1964.
7. Kardanov R. R., Korkmazov A. V., Kuchmezov R. A. K voprosu proishozhdenija i razvitija nekotoryh vidov sudebnyh jekspertiz // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 4 (143). - S. 321-323.
8. Kolmakov V. P. Sushhnost' i zadachi identifikacii lichnosti v sovetskoj kriminalistike. Uchenye zapiski Har'kovskogo juridicheskogo instituta Vyp.6. - Har'kov, 1955.
9. Podvolockij I. N. Tendencii razvitija sudebnoj portretnoj jekspertizy // Teorija i praktika sudebnoj jekspertizy. - 2020. - T. 15. - # 2. - S. 46-55.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Nazarkin E. V., Suleymanov T. A., Zakharova S. S.
On the issue of improving the algorithm of organization and tactics of production of individual investigative actions when investigating crimes in the field of computer information criminology
This article proposes separate elements of the algorithm of organization and tactics of the production of individual investigative actions during the investigation of crimes in the field of computer information. The proposed elements of the algorithm can significantly improve the efficiency, reliability and sufficiency of the evidence process in a criminal case of this category.
Keywords: algorithm, organization, tactics, inspection of the scene, specialist, forensic records, forensic examination.
Work bibliographic list
1. Osipenko A. L. Bor'ba s prestupnost'ju v global'nyh komp'juternyh setjah: mezhdunarodnyj opyt. –M.: Norma, 2004. – 432 s.
2. Rassledovanie nepravomernogo dostupa k komp'juternoj informacii. Ucheb. posobie / Pod. red. N.G. Shuruhnova. – M.: Moskovskij universitet MVD Rossii, 2004. – 352 s.
3. Casey E. Digital evidence and computer crime: Forensic science, computers and the Internet, 2001.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Sirotinin D. A.
Some aspects of the application of the remote method of inspection of the scene of the incident for environmental crimes
The article discusses the application of the method of remote inspection of places of incidents in the investigation of environmental crimes. The relevance of the use of high-tech forensic tools in conditions associated with a danger to the life and health of the participants in the investigative action is noted. Prospects for the development of interactive inspection methods in urgent conditions have been substantiated.
Keywords: environmental crimes, inspection of the scene, the use of forensic technology, the use of unmanned aerial vehicles, an interactive inspection method, the urgency of inspecting the scene.
Work bibliographic list
1. Petruhina O.A. Rassledovanie jekologicheskih prestuplenij: uchebnoe posobie. M., 2015.
2. Osjak V.V., Bondareva G.V. Sovremennye vozmozhnosti ispol'zovanija special'nyh znanij v raskrytii i rassledovanii prestuplenij, svjazannyh s nezakonnoj dobychej (vylovom) vodnyh biologicheskih resursov //Integracija i differenciacija znanij v sudebno-jekspertnoj dejatel'nosti: sbornik nauchnyh trudov. Simferopol', 2021. S. 100-103.
3. Osjak V.V., Unzhakova S.V. Takticheskie osobennosti osmotra transportnogo sredstva po delam o nezakonnoj rubke lesnyh nasazhdenij i perevozke nezakonno zagotovlennoj drevesiny // Jurist"-Pravoved". 2018. #3 (86). S. 165-166.
4. Kolesnikov I.I., Bul'bacheva A.A. Innovacionnyj podhod k provedeniju osmotra mesta proisshestvija s ispol'zovaniem peredovyh tehnologij. // Setevoe izdanie «Akademicheskaja mysl'. 2018. # 4 (5). S. 85-88.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Shmatov V. M.
On the issue of assaults on drivers of motor vehicles
The article discusses the issues of the concept of criminalistic characteristics of assaults, various views and opinions of scientists on the concept of criminalistic characteristics, the elements that make up the criminalistic characteristics: the characteristics of the initial information about the crime committed, the method of committing the crime, the subject of criminal encroachment, the identity of the victim and the criminal.
Keywords: criminalistic characteristics, operational search, elements, assaults, victim, criminal.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belkin R. S., Byhoavskij I. E., Dulov A. V. Modnoe uvlechenie ili novoe slovo v nauke? // Eshhe raz o kriminalisticheskoj harakteristike prestuplenija //Socialisticheskaja zakonnost'. - 1987. - # 9. - S. 57.
2. Burdanov V. S., Kuz'minyh K. S., Vladimirov V. Ju. Kriminalisticheskaja harakteristika prestuplenij, svjazannyh s nezakonnym oborotom narkotikov.– SPb., 1998.
3. Venckaja S. A., Natura A. I. Kriminalisticheskaja harakteristika i pervonachal'nyj jetap rassledovanija grabezhej i poboev sovershaemyh gruppami nesovershennoletnih. Uchebnoe posobie. - M., 2008.
4. Golovin A. Ju. Rol' kriminalisticheskoj harakteristiki prestuplenij v strukture chastnoj kriminalisticheskoj metodiki // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennoj juridicheskoj nauki: Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii 17-
18 maja 2013 g. - Rostov-na-Donu, 2013. - S. 89-92.
5. Gordienko V. V, Pravovye, organizacionnye i takticheskie, osnovy raskrytija razboev i grabezhej lichnogo imushhestva, sovershennogo prestupnymi gruppami: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - M., 1988.
6. Grebel'skij D. V. O sootnoshenii kriminalisticheskih i operativno-rozysknyh harakteristik prestuplenij // Kriminalisticheskaja harakteristika prestuplenij. - M., 1984. - S. 72-73.
7. Dulov A. V. Izuchenie integracionnyh processov– vazhnejshaja zadacha kriminalistiki // Ispol'zovanie dostizhenij inyh nauk v kriminalistike. -Krasnodar, 2008. - S. 98-102.
8. Zherdev V. A., Komissarov V. I. Rassledovanie serijnyh korystno-nasil'stvennyh prestuplenij, sovershennyh organizovannymi gruppami, na pervonachal'nom jetape. - M., 2002.
9. Konovalova V. E., Kolesnichenko A. N. Teoreticheskie problemy kriminalisticheskoj harakteristiki //Kriminalisticheskaja harakteristika prestuplenij: Sbornik. nauch. trudov. - M., 1984. - S. 16.
10. Kriminalistika. Uchebnik dlja jekspertov-kriminalistov / Pod red. A. G. Filippova. - M. 2005.
11. Oblakov A. F. Kriminalisticheskaja harakteristika prestuplenij i kriminalisticheskih situacij. -Habarovsk, 1985.
12. Rubcov I. I. Kriminalisticheskaja harakteristika kak jelement chastnyh metodik rassledovanija: Dis.… kand. jurid. nauk. - SPb., 2001.
13. Filippov A. G. Problemy kriminalistiki. Izbrannye stat'i. - M., 2007.
14. Jablokov N. P. Kriminalistika. - M., 2000.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Alimpiev S. A., Falkina T. Yu.
The main activities of the state authorities of the Sverdlovsk region and non-governmental organizations for the prevention of non-medical drug use
The article examines the illegal consumption of narcotic drugs as a threat to the national security of Russia, analyzes the main activities of some authorities of the Sverdlovsk region, nonstate rehabilitation centers for the prevention of illegal drug use, suggests measures to improve the effectiveness of drug trafficking prevention.
Keywords: drugs, threat, national security, consumption, prevention, Internet, sale, consequences, death, state, psychotropic substances, addiction, treatment, primary prevention, executive authorities, subject, counteraction, non-profit organizations, prevention, demand, leisure, state, health, minor, patient, society, negative attitude, consumption, sale, safety, narcotic plants.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ob utverzhdenii Strategii gosudarstvennoj antinarkoticheskoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2030 goda: Ukaz prezidenta RF ot 23 nojabrja 2020 goda. # 733. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.garant.ru.
2. Vsemirnyj doklad o narkotikah. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-andanalysis/WDR2012/WDR_Russian_web.pdf.
3. Ob utverzhdenii Porjadka okazanija medicinskoj pomoshhi po profilju «psihiatrija-narkologija» i Porjadka dispansernogo nabljudenija za licami s psihicheskimi rasstrojstvami i (ili) rasstrojstvami povedenija, svjazannymi s upotrebleniem psihoaktivnyh veshhestv: Prikaz Ministerstva zdravoohranenija RF ot 30.12.2015 # 1034n. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru.
4. Ob utverzhdenii kompleksnoj tehnologii lechenija, reabilitacii i resocializacii grazhdan, v tom chisle nesovershennoletnih, potrebljajushhih narkoticheskie sredstva v nemedicinskih celjah, v Sverdlovskoj oblasti: Prikaz Ministerstva zdravoohranenija RF ot 31.10.2014 # 1427-p/668/334.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru.
5. Ob organizacii medikosocial'noj reabilitacii lic s psihicheskimi i povedencheskimi rasstrojstvami, vyzvannymi nemedicinskim upotrebleniem psihoaktivnyh veshhestv: prikaz Ministerstva zdravoohranenija Sverdlovskoj oblasti ot
28.01.2014 # 81-p 334. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru.
6. Ob utverzhdenii reestra negosudarstvennyh organizacij, osushhestvljajushhih kompleksnuju reabilitaciju i resocializaciju lic, potrebljajushhih narkoticheskie sredstva ili psihotropnye veshhestva bez naznachenija vracha: prikaz Ministerstva zdravoohranenija Sverdlovskoj oblasti ot 04.03.2016 # 288-p. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.consultant.ru.
7. Bogoljubova T.A. Nekotorye voprosy organizacii profilaktiki nemedicinskogo potreblenija narkotikov. Problemy ukreplenija zakonnosti i pravoporjadka: nauka, praktika, tendencii. 2012. # 5.S. 26.
8. Doklad o narkosituacii v sverdlovskoj oblasti za 2020 god (utverzhden na zasedanii antinarkoticheskoj komissii Sverdlovskoj oblasti 25 marta 2021goda). (data obrashhenija: 5.10.2021).
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Efimova M. P.
Institute of family and family values in modern conditions
The article discusses the transformation of the institution of family and marriage. The family as a unit of society should act as a reliable foundation for future generations, a healthy society and a bulwark of the country’s security. The influence of modern realities on family values has led to the adoption of family and marriage in a conceptually new format. The author’s material is made within the framework of the study of the criminological characteristics of family violence.
Keywords: family, marriage, same-sex marriage, legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anan'eva E.O. Pravovye osnovy prisvoenija otchestva i matchestva po semejnomu zakonodatel'stvu Rossii // Semejnoe i zhilishhnoe pravo. 2020. # 4.
2. Beschasnaja A.A. Sem'ja i detstvo: izmenenie tradicij ili tradicija izmenenij? // Izvestija Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A.I. Gercena. 2014. # 171.
3. Borisenko T.V. Koncepty «mat'» i «otec» v russkoj i anglojazychnoj lingvokul'turah // Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2020. # 3(437). Filologicheskie nauki. Vyp. 120.
4. Gurko T.A. Teoreticheskie podhody k izucheniju transformacii instituta sem'i // Sociologicheskij zhurnal. 2020. Tom 26. # 1. S. 43.
5. Dal' V.I. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka. Sovremennaja versija. M.: Izd-vo Jeksmo, 2002.
6. Ishhenko O.A. Mnogoznachnost' tolkovanija polozhenij Semejnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii kak faktor pravoprimenitel'noj praktiki // Aktual'nye problemy chastnogo i publichnogo prava: materialy mezhvuzovskoj nauchno-prakt. konferencii. 2018. Sankt-Peterburgskij universitet Ministerstva vnutrennih RF. 2018.
7. Kondrat'eva A.N. «Polovaja svoboda» lichnosti i oformlenie sistemy seksual'nyh grehov v rabotah Griciana i dekretistov XII stoletija // Gumanitarnye i politiko-pravovye issledovanija. 2021. # 2 (13).
8. Ocheret'ko E.A. Transformacija jetiko-pravovyh prioritetov pri reformirovanii institutov braka i sem'i v Rossii i za rubezhom // Zakon i pravo. 2020. # 3.
9. Petrova A.S., Rashidova D.T. Matronimy v russkom jazyke // Jazyk. Kul'tura. Obshhestvo. Materialy zaochnoj mezhvuzovskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii; Sankt-Peterburgskij universitet Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii. SPb., 2021.
10. Harlamov V.S. Teorija i praktika protivodejstvija prestupnomu nasiliju v sem'e (sistemnoe krimino-logicheskoe i ugolovno-pravovoe issledovanie. Dis.… dokt. jurid. nauk. SPb., 2018.
11. Shhelkin A.G. «Kazhushheesja pravdopodobie»: chto ne tak s legalizaciej odnopolyh brakov // Peterburgskaja sociologija segodnja. 2019. # 12.
12. Jengel's Fridrih. Proishozhdenie sem'i, chastnoj sobstvennosti i gosudarstva: [perevod s nemeckogo]/ Fridrih Jengel's. – M.: Izdatel'stvo AST, 2019.
13. Dyachenko A.V, Perekhov A.Y, Soldatkin V.A, Bukhanovskaya O.A. Gender Identity Disorders:Current Medical and Social Paradigm and the ICD-11 Innovations. Consortium Psychiatricum. 2021. # 2 (2).
14. Leslie, Christopher R. «Dissenting from History: The False Narratives of the Obergefell Dissents». Indiana Law Journal 92, no. 3 (2017): 1007-57.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Kurbatova G. V., Ivanova O. V.
Criminological characteristics and prevention of female crime
The article touches upon issues related to the criminological characteristics and prevention of female crime, actualizes the importance of criminological research of this category of crime, analyzes the latest statistical data, reveals the belonging of women to certain types of crimes, examines the personality of a woman criminal, makes proposals for improving criminal policy towards womencriminals.
Keywords: female crime, crime, the identity of female criminals, crime rates.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Alekseeva E.A. Sovremennye tendencii razvitija zhenskoj prestupnosti v Rossii // Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. — 2020. — # 1. — S. 105-112.
2. Kaneva A.R. Ponjatija, struktura, tendencii zhenskoj prestupnosti // Molodoj uchenyj. — 2019.— # 51 (289). — S. 109-112.
3. Selihova O.G. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika zhenskoj prestupnosti // Kriminologicheskij zhurnal. — 2020. — # 4. — S. 75-78.
4. Sostavlen rejting regionov RF po zhenskoj prestupnosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.mkchita.ru/incident/2020/01/23/sostavlenreyting-regionov-rf-po-zhenskoy-prestupnosti.html(data obrashhenija: 27.06.2021).
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Nikitina L. N., Berezina E. V., Dovzhenko A. A.
Formation of psychological stability and readiness of district police officers to use firearms
In the article, the authors analyze the stress factors that affect the psychological readiness of district police officers to use service firearms. The features of the formation of moral and psychological stability of district police officers in extreme conditions are analyzed, and attention is paid to the basic psychological techniques that contribute to the development of readiness to use firearms.
Keywords: employees of internal affairs, district police officers, psychological readiness, moral and psychological stability, firearms, extreme conditions, psychoemotional self-regulation.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Butkevich S. A., Konopleva A. A. Moral'no-psihologicheskoe obespechenie dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del v osobyh uslovijah (obshheteoreticheskij analiz) // Vestnik Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2016. – # 1 (31). – S. 212-216.
2. V Rossii za god pogibli 59 policejskih // RIA Novosti. 26 fevralja 2020 goda. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20200226/1565226184.html (data obrashhenija: 14.01.2021).
3. Gefele O. F. Psihologicheskie osobennosti reagirovanija cheloveka v jekstremal'nyh situacijah razlichnoj napravlennosti // Vestnik Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnicheskogo universiteta. – 2012.– # 21. – S. 58-61.
4. Popov A. A. Formirovanie psihologicheskoj gotovnosti sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del k primeneniju ognestrel'nogo oruzhija: pedagogicheskij aspekt vospitanija // Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovanija. – 2018. – # 59-1. – S. 1-4.
5. Rodin V. F. Samoreguljacija psihicheskih sostojaniĭ sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2019. –# 3. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/samoregulyatsiyapsihicheskih-
sostoyanii-sotrudnikov-organovvnutrennih-del (data obrashhenija: 01.10.2021).
6. Rubcova O. V. Formirovanie psihologicheskoj gotovnosti sotrudnikov OVD k primeneniju ognestrel'nogo oruzhija v real'nyh uslovijah // Aktual'nye voprosy taktiki ohrany obshhestvennogo porjadka i obshhestvennoj bezopasnosti. Sbornik nauchnyh statej: materialy mezhvuzovskogo nauchno-prakticheskogo seminara. – 2018. – S. 113-117.
7. Svetlichnyj E. G., Nikitina L. N. Formirovanie u sotrudnikov pravoohranitel'nyh organov navykov primenenija ognestrel'nogo oruzhija, nosimogo skryto // Aktual'nye problemy bor'by s prestuplenijami i inymi pravonarushenijami. – 2021. – #21-1. – S. 212-214.
8. Svetlichnyj E. G., Romanov A. A., D'jachenko E. A. Sovershenstvovanie ognevoj i takticheskoj podgotovki sotrudnikov policii, ispol'zujushhih ustrojstva dlja skrytogo noshenija tabel'nogo ognestrel'nogo oruzhija // Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovanija. – 2020. – # 69-2. – S. 153-156.
9. Sibirko M. A., Panferkina I. S. Psihologo-pedagogicheskie aspekty podgotovki sotrudnikov OVD k professional'nym dejstvijam s primeneniem ognestrel'nogo oruzhija // Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. – 2018. – # 3 (74). – S. 61-67.
10. Sostojanie prestupnosti v Rossii za janvar' – dekabr' 2020: Stat. sb. / MVD RF FKU «Glavnyj informacionno-analiticheskij centr». – M., 2020.– S. 3-10.
11. Starkov M. A., Utjumov I. D. Psihologicheskaja podgotovka kak faktor formirovanija gotovnosti sotrudnikov OVD k jekstremal'nym situacijam professional'noj dejatel'nosti // Fizicheskaja kul'tura i sport v sisteme professional'nogo obrazovanija: opyt i innovacionnye tehnologii fizicheskogo vospitanija. – Sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2018. – S. 157-161.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Nuskhinova O. D.
Issues of sustainable development of small and medium-sized businesses
The article based on the analysis of law enforcement practice, the role of forensic examination in the investigation of economic crimes, the current state of forensic examination in the process of proving based on the collection and analysis of statistical data on the number of expert examinations carried out in the investigation of economic crimes are determined
Keywords: forensic economic examination, expert opinion, crimes in the field of economics, expert, forensic accounting examination, appointment of an examination, examination methodology, evaluation of results.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 31.07.2020) //SPS «Garant».
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 12.08.1995 # 144-FZ (red. Ot 02.08.2019) «Ob operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti» // SPS «Garant».
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 31.05.2001 # 73-FZ (red. Ot 26.07.2019) «O gosudarstvennoj sudebno-jekspertnoj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii» // SPS «Garant».
4. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 29.06.2005 # 511 (red. Ot 27.06.2019) «Voprosy organizacii proizvodstva sudebnyh jekspertiz v jekspertno-kriminalisticheskih podrazdelenijah organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii» // SPS «Garant».
5. Prikaz MVD RF ot 11.01.2009 # 7 «Ob utverzhdenii Nastavlenija po organizacii jekspertno-kriminalisticheskoj dejatel'nosti v sisteme MVD Rossii»// SPS «Garant».
6. Statisticheskie dannye na sajte www.crimestat.ru(data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021g.).
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Rublyova T. Yu., Stupina S. A.
Drug situation monitoring as a means of making managerial decisions in the field of drug addiction prevention
The article presents an analysis of some indicators of the process of narcosis of the social environment, examines the modern regional structure of the drug market and the dynamics of drug consumption. On the basis of official statistics, the results of monitoring the drug situation, as well as research by specialists, the authors have developed proposals for improving anti-drug policy in order to make adequate management decisions by subjects of anti-drug policy in the field of countering drug addiction.
Keywords: drug situation, illegal drug production, drug crime, drug addiction, monitoring of drug situation, prevention of drug addiction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rubleva T. Ju. Analiz rasprostranenija i potreblenija narkotikov opijnoj gruppy v Central'nom federal'nom okruge // Protivodejstvie narkougroze na sovremennom jetape: pravovoj i social'no-gumanitarnyj aspekty: Materialy mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prakticheskogo seminara, Krasnojarsk, 03 aprelja 2020 goda. – Krasnojarsk: Sibirskij juridicheskij institut Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2020. – S. 26-31.
2. Sociologicheskaja i kriminologicheskaja ocenka dinamiki narkopotreblenija, sovershaemyh narkoprestuplenij i rekomendacii po profilaktike nezakonnogo oborota opijnyh narkotikov v Rossijskoj Federacii / V. E. Shinkevich, P. V. Teplja-shin, E. A. Mamaj, E. N. Ben // Vestnik Sibirskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2021. – # 2(43). – S. 75-82.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Tokareva E. V.
Mass murder in educational organizations as an object of criminological research
Massacres in educational institutions have recently become a dynamically developing trend, therefore, there is a need for a comprehensive criminological study of the commission and prevention of armed attacks in educational institutions. The article analyzes the features, reasons, analyzes the personality of the offender based on the cases of mass murder that have already occurred in educational organizations, and offers some practical recommendations for comprehensive prevention.
Keywords: school shooting, mass murder in schools, mass murder, armed attacks, Columbine, attacks in educational institutions, prevention of armed attacks.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vzryvy v Kerchi peredumali schitat' teraktom.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lenta.ru/news/2018/10/17/ne_terakt/ (data obrashhenija:10.10.2021).
2. Karpova A. Ju., Maksimova N. G. Skulshuting v Rossii: chto imeet znachenie? // Vlast'. - 2021. - # 1.
3. Napadenie na shkolu v Permi sud ocenil zhestko.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3834769 (data obrashhenija:10.10.2021).
4. Newman K.S., Fox C., Roth W., Mehta J., & Harding D.(2004). Rampage: the social roots of school shootings.New York. - N.Y.: Basic Books
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Kurbatova G. V., Ivanova O. V
Criminological characteristics of crime of minors:the present state and prospective directions of counteraction in the Russian Federation
The article touches upon issues related to the criminological characteristics of juvenile delinquency, analyzes the latest statistical data, reveals the signs, causes and conditions of occurrence, reveals gaps and shortcomings in activities to prevent juvenile delinquency, and proposes to improve the criminal policy towards minors.
Keywords: minors, adolescents, family, upbringing, crimes, criminal behavior, latency.
Work bibliographic list
1. Beresneva T. G. Osobennosti prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih pravonarushitelej // Molodoj uchenyj. — 2020. — # 9 (299). — S. 99-101.
2. V Genprokurature ozvuchili statistiku detskoj prestupnosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.mk.ru/incident/2020/09/23/v-genprokurature-ozvuchili-statistiku-detskoyprestupnosti.html (data obrashhenija: 27.06.2021).
3. Efimova O. A. Prestupnost' nesovershennoletnih na sovremennom jetape razvitija rossijskogo obshhestva // Molodoj uchenyj. — 2020. — # 49(339). — S. 228-231.
4. Zhadan V. N. Problemy kriminologicheskoj harakteristiki prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih v Rossii // Baltijskij gumanitarnyj zhurnal. —2017. — # 1. — S. 179-182.
5. Kurinova Ja. I., Isakova Ju. I. Sovremennaja prestupnost' nesovershennoletnih: kriminologicheskaja harakteristika i preduprezhdenie // Zakon i zhizn'. — 2017. — # 2. — S. 10-20.
6. Fabrika T. A. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika lichnosti nesovershennoletnego prestupnika // Molodoj uchenyj. — 2021. — # 22 (364). — S. 404-406
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Ashkhotova L. A., Abazova E. Kh.
Foreign experience in the fight against corruption in the law enforcement system
This article is devoted to the study of corruption and the influence of corruption trends on the dynamics of socio-economic relations based on foreign experience. The existing practice of studying this problem and the state of the fight against criminal encroachments of a corrupt nature confirms the multidimensionality of corruption as a real phenomenon of reality. Countless bibliographies on the study of this problem indicate that: corruption is inherent in any society, it constantly threatens public interests. Corruption activities are provoked by such factors as: defects in legislation and the inadequacy of the legislative framework, impunity of corrupt officials in the highest authorities.
Keywords: corruption, law enforcement agencies, foreign experience, social characteristics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ashhotova L. A. Rol' norm konstitucionnogo prava v formirovanii pravomernogo povedenija lichnosti // Uspehi sovremennoj nauki i obrazovanija.- 2016. - T. 2. - # 9. - S. 127-130.
2. Golik S. I., Mihajlov B. P. Organizacija i taktika obshhej profilaktiki prestuplenij organami vnutrennih del. - M., 1980.
3. Lobzjakov V. P., Ovchinskij S. S. Administrativno-pravovye mery preduprezhdenija prestupnosti. -M., 1978.
4. Ratinov A. R. Pravosoznanie i prestupnoe povedenie // Voprosy izuchenija prestupnosti i bor'by s nej. - M., 1975. - S. 74-75.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Kashirgov A. H., Kovalenko E. V.
On the issue of organizational and legal bases of administrative supervision of the police in the Russian Federation
The administrative supervision of the police is always in the center of attention of both the society and the controlling authorities, requiring unquestioning compliance and subordination to
the principles of the Constitution concerning the rights of citizens. Administrative supervision of
the police is included in the system of means of ensuring the rule of law in the state, being an independent structural component.
Keywords: administrative supervision, external control, supranational control.
Work bibliographic list
1. Apkaev D. M. Ponjatie i sushhnost' administrativnogo nadzora za licami, osvobozhdennymi iz mest lishenija svobody // Penitenciarnoe pravo: juridicheskaja teorija i pravoprimenitel'naja praktika. - 2014. - # 1 (1).- S. 86-88.
2. Bavsun I. G., Bavsun M. V. Administrativnaja jurisdikcija: ponjatie, soderzhanie, mesto v administrativnom processe // Policejskoe pravo. - 2007. - # 1 (9). - S. 5-11.
3. Masharov I. M. O ponjatii i metodah administrativnogo nabljudenija (administrativnogo nadzora). // Policejskoe pravo. - 2007. - # 1 (9). - S. 68-72.
4. Nikolaev A. G., Grekov N. N. Administrativnyj nadzor policii. // Altajskij juridicheskij vestnik. -2019. - # 2 (26). - S. 68-71.
5. Seredkin S. A. istorija razvitija administrativnogo nadzora policii v Rossii. // Mir nauki i obrazovanija. - 2018. - # 3 (15). - S. 9.
6. Slepyh M. V. Soderzhanie ponjatija «izbytochnogo» administrativnogo nadzora // Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Pravo. - 2012. - #1 (12). - S. 243-249.

LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Mokhov A. Yu.
On legal means of preventing professional deformations of the legal consciousness of investigative officers
The article discusses the prospects for the use of legal means to eliminate and prevent professional deformations of the legal consciousness of investigators. The special nature of the work of investigative officers, conditioned at the same time by the need to interact with a large number of people and filling out a significant amount of procedural and other documents, provokes professional burnout and other deformations of legal consciousness – up to direct illegal behavior. The author proposes to pay special attention to the professional training of future investigators, the reflection of the issues of ethics of investigative activity in teaching the criminal process, the inclusion of courses in legal conflict resolution in educational programs. In addition, observance of the standard rules of professional ethics in investigative activities is noted as a necessary condition for the formation and maintenance of uniform standards of official conduct, an appropriate level of professional legal awareness.
Keywords: investigative activity, professional legal consciousness, deformation of legal consciousness, legal education, professional ethics, official behavior.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vatel' A. Ju. Administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie razreshenija konfliktov interesov na gosudarstvennoj sluzhbe v mehanizme protivodejstvija korrupcii // Administrativnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2012. – # 6. – S. 26-30.
2. Gajdukova I. B. Osnovnye kompetencii lichnoj otvetstvennosti rukovoditelja // Aktual'nye problemy social'no-gumanitarnogo i nauchno-tehnicheskogo znanija. – 2014. – # 2 (3). – S. 16-18.
3. Kodushko A. A. Problemy pravovogo regulirovanija jetiki gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih (na primere Permskogo kraja) // Vestnik PNIPU. Istorija. Kul'tura. Filosofija. Pravo. – 2014. – # 2. – S. 64-70.
4. Lukomskaja A. S. O publichnoj sostavljajushhej pravovogo polozhenija poterpevshego kak uchastnika ugolovno-processual'nyh otnoshenij, reglamentirovannogo Ugolovno-processual'nym kodeksom Rossijskoj Federacii // Pravovye issledovanija.– 2017. – # 3. – S. 3-16.
5. Rivman D. V. Kriminal'naja viktimologija. – SPb.:Juridicheskij centr-press, 2002. – 304 s.

LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Tarasova L. Ya.
Experience of corrective labor policy for minors during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945)
This article deals with the issues concerning the application of correctional labor measures to minors during the Great Patriotic War.
It is noted that during the years of war, adults attracted minors to commit crimes which were especially dangerous (espionage, treason against the Motherland, sabotage) and the responsibility for committing them provided for execution, so the question was asked about the application of capital punishment from the age of twelve, but the leadership of the country decided that this measure can be applied only from the age of sixteen. As for less serious crimes, the investigating and judicial authorities, considering the materials, considered it inappropriate to prosecute a minor, did not initiate criminal proceedings, but issued a ruling on the termination of criminal prosecution.
After that, the juvenile offender would be transferred to the care of his parents or guardians, or sent to a labor training colony of the NKVD of the USSR.
Keywords: minor, juvenile delinquent, punishment, labor educational colonies, labor colonies, colleges, schools of working young people.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aleksandrov N. G. Velikaja Otechestvennaja vojna i voprosy teorii trudovogo prava. Uchenye zapiski. Vyp. III. - M., 1944. - S. 182.
2. Altajskaja pravda. - 1943. - 12 sent.
3. Vedomosti Verhovnogo Soveta SSSR. – 1940. - # 20; Sbornik Zakonov, prinjatyh Verhovnym Sovetom SSSR, i Ukazov Prezidiuma Verhovnogo Soveta SSSR (1938 – 1.04.1944 g.). - M., 1944. - S. 336–337.
4. Gosudarstvennyj Arhiv Rossijskoj Federacii. – F. 7523. – Op. 4. - D. 42. – L.d. 55.
5. GAAK. F.R-631. - Op. 1. - D. 24. - L. 2.
6. Tam zhe. - L. 3.
7. Tam zhe. - L. 17.
8. GARF. – F. 9401. – Op. 12. - D. 120. - T. 1. – Ll. 3-3 Ob.
9. GARF. – F. 7523. – Op. 4. - D. 48. – L. 81.
10. D'jachenko Ju. S. Altajskij kraj v gody Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojny (1941–1945 gg.): k 65-letiju so dnja Pobedy / Ju. S. D'jachenko // Altajskij kraj, 2010:kalendar' znamenatel'nyh i pamjatnyh dat. – Barnaul, 2009.
11. Zakonodatel'stvo i vazhnejshie administrativno-pravovye akty voennogo vremeni s 22 ijunja 1941 g. po 1 avgusta 1945 g. - M., 1945.
12. Kovyneva T. Jevakuirovannye zavody na Altae v gody vojny // Komsomol'skaja pravda. - 2010. - 6 maja.
13. Kolhoznyj stroj. - 1944. - 31 avg.
14. Pustynnikov I. A., Sevast'janov K. R. Istorija zavoda ATZ. Rubcovsk. Ordena Lenina Altajskij traktornyj. - Barnaul, 1978. - 56 s.
15. Pamjat' skvoz' gody. Petropavlovskij rajon: ljudi i sud'by. - Barnaul, 2007. - 457 s.
16. Sovetskaja pedagogika. - M., 1942. - 276 s.
17. Suverov E.V. Obrazovanie i funkcionirovanie Sibirskogo ispravitel'no-trudovogo lagerja NKVD SSSR (Siblaga) v 1929-1941 gg. Monografija. Barnaul'skij juridicheskij institut MVD Rossii. – Barnaul, 2016. - 124 s.
18. Suverov E. V., Malkova Ju. A. Sistema mest zakljuchenija v Altajskom krae (1937-1953 gg.). Monografija. Barnaul'skij juridicheskij institut MVD Rossii.– Barnaul, 2012. - 80 s.
19. Tarasova L. Ja. Dejatel'nost' gosudarstvennyh i obshhestvennyh organizacij po likvidacii detskoj besprizornosti i beznadzornosti v Altajskom krae: 1941-1945 gg.: dis. … kandidata istoricheskih nauk. - Barnaul, 2013. - 165 s.

SECURITY AND LAW
Antonova E. V., Voykova N. A., Kokorev E. N.
Improving the economic security of bank transactions
In the article, the authors consider the issue of the operation of bank transaction services, the time costs associated with such operations, but disclose the algorithm for the operation of services. The result of the study is the preparation of a proposal that will become a positive economic component of the development of the banking sector and increase the economic security of banking operations.
Keywords: transaction, bank, economy, security, banking sector development, data protection.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bankovskoe pravo: Uchebnik dlja bakalavrov / E. S. Gubenko, A. A. Klikushin, M. M. Proshunin i dr.; pod red. I. A. Cindeliani. - M.: Rossijskij gosudarstvennyj universitet pravosudija, 2016. - 536 s.
2. Ermakova E. P., Frolova E. E. Pravovoe regulirovanie cifrovogo bankinga v Rossii i zarubezhnyh stranah (Evropejskij Sojuz, SShA, KNR) // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki. - 2019. - # 46. - S.606-625.
3. Stadnijchuk O. Oblachnaja tehnologija dlja onlajn-kontrolja tranzakcij // Bankovskoe obozrenie. Prilozhenie «BEST PRACTICE». - 2019. - # 2. - S. 57-58.
4. Frolova E. E. Novye tehnologii Fintechv Juzhnoj Koree: K-bank–pervyj bank strany, okazyvajushhij iskljuchitel'no cifrovye uslugi // Gosudarstvo i pravo.- 2019. - # 6. - S. 96-101.
5. Dudin M. N., Zasko V. N., Frolova E. E., Pavlova N. G., Rusakova E. P. Mitigation of cyber risks in the field of electronic payments: organizational and legal measures //Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics. -2018. - Vol. 9. - # 1. - P. 78-88.
6. Kak ukrast' den'gi s beskontaktnoj karty i Apple Pay.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://habr.com/ru/post/422551/
7. Kollizija hesh-funkcii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%8F_%D1%85%D0%B5%D1%88%D1%84%D1%83%D0%BD%D0%BA%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%B8.

SECURITY AND LAW
Bayrushin F. T., Abramov N. R.
Space and national security
The article reveals the unjustified fascination with manned flights in the study of outer space and the planets of the solar system.
The disadvantages of using habitable space modules in the implementation of accurate measurements for the accumulation of scientific material are revealed. At the same time, an alternative way of space exploration and exploration is being discussed, namely, research using
unmanned automated spacecraft and probes. Examples are given of more expedient use of automatic devices against the background of the rapid development of science in the field of information systems in comparison with the use of manned space stations and spacecraft in the exploration of outer space.
Keywords: space, national security, fantastic projects, unmanned automatic vehicles, habitable space station.
Work bibliographic list
1. Berezin A. Avtomaty v kosmose: nikakih perspektiv zameny cheloveka. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://naked-science.ru/article/cosmonautics/avtomatyv-kosmose.
2. Mal'cev O. Pojas Van Allena: chto jeto takoe, gde on nahoditsja? Harakteristiki fenomena, mozhno li ego preodolet'? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://znay.co/156-poyas-van-allena-chto-ehto.html.
3. Pichugina T. Kosmicheskie utopii i realii: kakie proekty fantastov voplotilis' v zhizn'. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20180412/1518332741.html
4. barkut0709. Statistika zapuskov avtomaticheskih mezhplanetnyh stancij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://barkut0709.livejournal.com/41293.html.
5. James Van Allen. Space research, space technology andspace station // Scientific American. - January 1983. - Vol.254. - # 1.

STATE AND LAW
Andryukhina I. Yu., Pekhova L. L.
The modern paradigm of the development of the Institute of Public Civil Service
The article examines the peculiarities of the formation of the institution of public civil service in the Russian Federation in historical retrospect, provides an overview of the main normative acts regulating it, analyzes the main directions of improving the public civil service at the present stage, concludes about the prospects for its further development in terms of the introduction of evaluation procedures of professional official activity in the practice of public authorities and local self-government.
Keywords: public authorities and local self-government, state civil service, municipal service, employee.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 01.02.2005 # 110 «O provedenii attestacii gosudarstvennyh grazhdanskih sluzhashhih Rossijskoj Federacii» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
2. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 01.02.2005 # 111 «O porjadke sdachi kvalifikacionnogo jekzamena gosudarstvennymi grazhdanskimi sluzhashhimi Rossijskoj Federacii i ocenke ih znanij, navykov i umenij (professional'nogo urovnja)» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
3. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 01.02.2005 # 112 «O konkurse na zameshhenie vakantnoj dolzhnosti gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
4. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 12.08.2002 # 885 «Ob utverzhdenii obshhih principov sluzhebnogo povedenija gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
5. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 16.02.2005 # 159 «O primernoj forme sluzhebnogo kontrakta o prohozhdenii gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii i zameshhenii dolzhnosti gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
6. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 24.06.2019 g. # 288 «Ob osnovnyh napravlenijah razvitija gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii na 2019 – 2021 gody» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
7. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 24.06.2019 g. # 288 «Ob osnovnyh napravlenijah razvitija gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii na 2019 – 2021 gody» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
8. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 25.07.2006 # 763 «O denezhnom soderzhanii federal'nyh gosudarstvennyh grazhdanskih sluzhashhih» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
9. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 01.03.2017 # 96 (red. ot 06.10.2020) «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o kadrovom rezerve federal'nogo gosudarstvennogo organa» // Spravochno-kon-
sul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
10. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 31 avgusta 2020 g. # 536 «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o porjadke organizacii jeksperimentov, napravlennyh na razvitie federal'noj gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
11. Federal'nyj zakon «O sisteme gosudarstvennoj sluzhby v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 27.07.2004 # 58-FZ» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
12. Federal'nyj zakon 02.03.2007 # 25-FZ «O municipal'noj sluzhbe v Rossijskoj Federacii» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
13. Federal'nyj zakon ot 1995 # 119-FZ «Ob osnovah gosudarstvennoj sluzhby v Rossijskoj Federacii» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
14. Federal'nyj zakon ot 25 dekabrja 2008 # 273-FZ «O protivodejstvii korrupcii» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
15. Zakon Kaliningradskoj oblasti ot 17 ijunja 2016 #536 «O municipal'noj sluzhbe v Kaliningradskoj oblasti» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
16. Zakon Kaliningradskoj oblasti ot 28 ijunja 2005 goda # 609 «O gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe Kaliningradskoj oblasti» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
17. «O sostojanii gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii v 2020 godu» // Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ggs.sakha.gov.ru/news/front/view/id/3273393.
18. «O sostojanii gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii v 2020 godu». –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://ggs.sakha.gov.ru/news/front/view.
19. Andrjuhina I. Ju., Karama L. L. Sovershenstvovanie ocenki gosudarstvennyh grazhdanskih sluzhashhih kak uslovie uspeshnosti upravlenija regionom // Izvestija Baltijskoj gosudarstvennoj akademii rybopromyslovogo flota. –2021. –# 3 (57). –S. 15-22.
20. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://studref.com/381769/ekonomika/ponyatie_instituta_rol_institutov_funktsionirovanii_ekonomiki.
 
STATE AND LAW
Lanovoy V. G.
Legal policy as an element of social management
Тhe article describes the legal category “legal policy” as the activity of state authorities in managing public processes through the disclosure of the concepts of “politics”, “state”, “power” and “ideology”, taking into account the specifics of social organization. It is argued that state sovereignty is a real opportunity to implement the management of social processes in full, as prescribed by the norms of law and the objective vital necessity of the existence of the state itself. The government characterizes the state of the state in the management of social processes, as it represents a set of rights and obligations realized through legal relations in full on strict compliance with legal norms. The author analyzes the role of ideology in understanding legal norms, political and legal processes and the organization of public relations management and concludes that in legal policy, the subject of management is subject to an expanded understanding.
Keywords: morality, culture, power, ideology, politics, state, statehood, subject of management, object of management, sovereignty, law, legal norm, formalism of power.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http // www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija:10.11.2021).
2. Lanovoj V. G. Suverenitet i mehanizm pravovogo regulirovanija kak osnovnye harakteristiki gosudarstvennogo upravlenija // V sbornike: Pravo i gosudarstvo: problemy metodologii, teorii i istorii. Materialy X Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – Krasnodar, 2021. – S. 136-140.
3. Kuznecov V. G. Slovar' filosofskih terminov. –Moskva: INFRA-M, 2005.
4. Safronova E. V., Karskanova S. V. «Gosudarstvo» i «gosudarstvennost'»: problemy terminologicheskogo sootnoshenija i opredelenija // Istorija gosudarstva i prava. – 2014. – # 22. – S. 42-47.
5. Hazin M., Shheglov S. Lestnica v nebo. Kratkaja versija. – M.: RIPOL klassik, 2017.
 
STATE AND LAW
Mallakurbanov A. A., Abdulaeva I. A.
State strategic planning in the Russian Federation:some legal aspects and political and economic consequences
The article discusses the implementation of No. 172-FL “On Strategic Planning in the Russian Federation”. Strategic planning should become the main vector of the state policy of the Russian
Federation aimed at solving the problems of sustainable socio-economic development and ensuring its national security. № 172-FL substantially solves many problems in the legal regulation of strategic planning. The necessity of creating effective strategic planning mechanisms at the federal, regional and municipal levels is substantiated.
Keywords: strategic planning, public administration, national security, “remote” and “superremote strategies”, development concept, measurability and monitoring of the goal implementation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Burutin A. G. Problemy teorii i praktiki gosudarstvennogo strategicheskogo planirovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii: konceptual'noe videnie // Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. - 2013. - # 4. - S. 3-6.
2. Kudrjashova E. V. Pravovye aspekty gosudarstvennogo planirovanija v gosudarstvennom regulirovanii jekonomiki // Predprinimatel'skoe pravo. - 2013. - # 4. - S. 17-20.
3. Mel'nikov V. I. Mehanizm realizacii gosudarstvennoj politiki obespechenija nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii. - M., 2013. - S. 100.
4. Molchanov N. A., Egorov V. P., Matevosova E. K. Nekotorye aspekty pravovogo regulirovanija gosudarstvennogo strategicheskogo planirovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Zhurnal «Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava». - 2015. - # 2. - S. 28-33.
5. Moskovskij A. M. Organizacija sistemy strategicheskogo planirovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Nauchnye problemy nacional'noj bezopasnosti RF. Vypusk 5. - M.: Izvestija, 2012. - S. 20.
6. Nikiforova E. N. Pravovye aspekty strategicheskogo planirovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Nauchnyj zhurnal «Teorija i praktika servisa: jekonomika, social'naja sfera, tehnologii». - 2017. - # 1. - S. 40.
7. Tihomirov Ju. A. Prognozy i riski v pravovoj sfere// Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. - 2014. - # 3. - C. 105-111.
8. Shkaratan O. I. K sravnitel'nomu analizu vlijanija civilizacionnyh razlichij na social'nye processy v postkommunisticheskom mire // Sociologicheskie issledovanija. - 2007. - # 10. - S. 15-19.
 
STATE AND LAW
Parashevina E. A.
On the issue of ensuring the rule of law by the Prosecutor’s Office in the implementation of national programs
This article examines the theoretical and practical aspects of the implementation of priority national projects in the Russian Federation.
The place and importance of the Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation in the implementation of national programs is determined.
The article analyzes the prosecutor’s practice and the most frequent violations in this sphere. Particular attention is paid to the problems of implementing national projects in the socio-economic sphere. The issues of identifying and eliminating violations in budgetary legislation are considered. The most detailed coverage of violations of state programs in the field of procurement.
Keywords: national projects, budget legislation, prosecutor’s offices, budget funds, citizens’ rights, state power, public power, the rule of law.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O kontraktnoj sisteme v sfere zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlja obespechenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd» ot 05.04.2013# 44-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_144624/
2. Oficial'nyj sajt General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://epp.genproc.gov.ru/web/gprf(data obrashhenija: 24.10.2021).
3. Oficial'nyj sajt Ministerstva finansov Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://minfin.gov.ru/ru/ (data obrashhenija: 24.10.2021).
4. Oficial'nyj Portal Gosudarstvennyh programm RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://programs.gov.ru/Portal/ (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
5. Prikaz Genprokuratury Rossii ot 14.03.2019 # 192 «Ob organizacii prokurorskogo nadzora za ispolneniem zakonodatel'stva pri realizacii nacional'nyh proektov». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://epp.genproc.gov.ru/web/gprf.
6. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://smotrim.ru/article/1256022?amp-page=enabled (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
 
STATE AND LAW
Safin F. G., Abramova S. R., Skogorev S. V., Gorbachev M. A.
The manifestation of identities among ethnic groups in multinational Bashkortostan
The article examines the tendencies of manifestation of different levels of identities. In the context of the formation of Russian statehood, the necessity of adopting a new ideology – the all-Russian civic identity, which in turn is ambiguously perceived in national republics, is revealed. It is noted that the all-Russian identity does not detract from the manifestation of ethnic and regional identity in the republics along with. It is established that all these forms of identity do not contradict, but only complement each other.
Keywords: identity, ethnicity, Russians, ethnic groups, regional identity, ethnic solidarity, Bashkortostan.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Badretdinov V. Iz sta nacij vozmozhno li sozdat' odnu? // Jashlek. - 2014. - 17 oktjabrja, na bashk. jaz.
2. Valeev D. Zh. Nacional'nyj suverenitet i nacional'noe vozrozhdenie. - Ufa: Kitap, 1994. - 160 s.
3. Narody Bashkortostana v perepisjah naselenija: V 2 ch.Ch. I. / Territorial'nyj organ Federal'noj sluzhby gosudarstvennoj statistiki po Respublike Bashkortostan. - Ufa: Kitap, 2016. - 332 s.
4. Nacional'nyj sostav i vladenie jazykami, grazhdanstvo naselenija Respubliki Bashkortostan po dannym Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda: statisticheskij sbornik. Ch. II. - Ufa. Bashkortostanstat, 2013.- 189 s.
5. Hakimov R. S. Sumerki imperii. K voprosu o nacii i gosudarstve. - Kazan'. 1993. - 87 s.
6. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://prezident.org/tekst/stenogramma-vystuplenija-putina-na-zasedaniisoveta-po-mezhnacionalnym-otnoshenijam-30-03-2021.html (data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021).
 
STATE AND LAW
Shercnianykh A. S.
The use of modern information technology in the judicial system
Currently, information technology is actively used throughout the world, including in government agencies. The judicial system is no exception. The pandemic had resulted in the need to impose restrictions on visits to public places, which gave rise to the development of remote justice. E-justice is gradually expanding its scope, improving the quality, efficiency, accessibility and transparency of judicial proceedings. The author studies some tendencies of the process of informatization of judicial system in Russia and abroad.
Keywords: electronic justice, digitalization, artificial intelligence.
Work bibliographic list
1. V Rossii k 2024 godu pojavitsja superservis «Pravosudie onlajn» // RAPSI, 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://rapsinews.ru/judicial_news/ 20210526/307080402.html (data obrashhenija:15.10.2021).
2. Vpervye v istorii rossijskogo pravosudija delo rassmotreno s pomoshh'ju videosvjazi po WhatsApp// Legal.Report, 2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https:// legal.report/vpervye-vistorii-rossijskogo-pravosudija-delo-rassmotrenos-pomoshhju-videosvjazi-po-whatsapp/ (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2021).
3. Vystuplenie predsedatelja Soveta sudej Rossijskoj Federacii V.V. Momotova na zasedanii Kluba imeni D.N. Zamjatnina po teme: «Jelektronnoe pravosudie v Rossijskoj Federacii: mif ili real'nost'». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.ssrf.ru/news/lienta-novostiei/42272 (data obrashhenija: 28.10.2021).
4. Informacionnye tehnologii v pravosudii: sostojanie i perspektivy. Rossija i mir: analiticheskij doklad // A.V. Kashanin i dr. / centr razvitija sovremennogo prava. Moskva, 2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=37515336#pos =4;-106. (data obrashhenija: 15.10.2021).
5. Spory cherez Skype i Zoom: kak rabotajut sudy pri koronaviruse // Pravo.ru, 2020. URL: https://pravo.ru/story/220052 (data obrashhenija: 12.09.2021).
6. Cudy mira vo vremja pandemii COVID-19. Spravka // RAPSI, 2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://rapsinews.ru/incident_publication/20200413/305702705.html (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2021).
7. Zhurkina O.V., Maksimenko E.I. (2020) Tsifrovoe pravosudie na primere internet-sudov Kitaya [Digital justice: a case study of China’s Internet courts]. Voprosy rossiiskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava [Matters of Russian and International Law], 10 (6A), pp. 138-143.DOI: 10.34670/AR.2020.63.35.051.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Ashkhotova L. A., Abazova E. Kh.
The role of the educational function of modern legal culture
The article is devoted to the educational function of legal culture in a developed society.
Legal culture characterizes the way people work in the field of legal relations, and therefore can be considered as a set of values created by people in the field of law. Being an integral part of spiritual culture, legal culture performs a number of functions. The integrative function of legal culture is educational, which is carried out primarily through the mastering and development of its values and norms.
Keywords: legal culture, individual, modern society.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Kalandashvili Z. N. Teoretiko-pravovoj analiz ponjatijno-kategorial'nogo apparata pravovoj kul'tury // Pravovaja kul'tura sovremennogo obshhestva. - SPb., 2008. - S. 127.
2. Karimova E. R. Pravovoe vospitanie kak sredstvo formirovanija pravovoj kul'tury. — Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Molodoj uchenyj. — 2021. —# 14 (356). — S. 288-290.
3. Mazutov N. I., Mal'ko A. V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. Kurs lekcij. — M.: Jurist", 2007.
4. Jurisprudencija – Istorija politicheskih i pravovyh uchenij / [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://textbook.news/politicheskih-pravovyihistoriya/tsitseron.html.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Emelyanova A. M.
Features and potential of conducting extracurricular activities at the law institute
The purpose of the study is to develop a methodology for conducting a readers’ competition as an actual extracurricular event at a law school. The contest is considered on the basis of the study of professionally oriented disciplines “Rhetoric” and “Russian in business documentation”. The article includes fragments of the rules of the readers’ competition.
Keywords: recitation contest, rhetoric, speech culture, Russian language.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Emel'janova A. M., Mihajlovna A. G. Jazykovaja podgotovka budushhego sotrudnika organov vnutrennih del: reshenie tipovyh zadach: uchebnoe posobie. – Ufa: Ufimskij JuI MVD Rossii, 2016. – 53 s.
2. Emel'janova A. M. Rech' – zalog uspeha : uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie / Avtor-sostavitel' A. M. Emel'janova.– Ufa: UJuI MVD Rossii, 2014. – 84 s.
3. Kul'tura ustnoj i pis'mennoj rechi i ee projavlenie v povedenii i dejatel'nosti sotrudnika organov vnutrennih del. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberpedia.su/17x5a63.html (data obrashhenija:25.09.2021).
4. Rabochaja programma discipliny «Ritorika» po napravleniju podgotovki 40.03.01 Jurisprudencija, profil' obrazovatel'noj programmy Ugolovno-pravovoj(Dejatel'nost' uchastkovogo upolnomochennogo policii) dlja obuchajushhihsja v zaochnoj forme. – Ufa: Ufimskij JuI MVD Rossii, 2021. – 22 s.
5. Rabochaja programma uchebnoj discipliny «Ritorika» po special'nosti 40.05.01 Pravovoe obespechenie nacional'noj bezopasnosti specializacija «Ugolovno-pravovaja», uzkaja specializacija «Predvaritel'noe sledstvie v organah vnutrennih del» dlja obuchajushhihsja v ochnoj forme. – Ufa: Ufimskij JuI MVD Rossii,2019. – 19 s.
6. Rabochaja programma discipliny «Ritorika» po special'nosti 40.05.02 Pravoohranitel'naja dejatel'nost', specializacija Operativno-rozysknaja dejatel'nost', profil' obrazovatel'noj programmy – Dejatel'nost' operupolnomochennogo ugolovnogo rozyska dlja obuchajushhihsja v ochnoj forme (nabor 2021 goda). – Ufa: Ufimskij JuI MVD Rossii, 2021. – 21 s.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Zaikina K. R., Konovalova E. A.,
Kazamirov A. I., Filippov O. A.
Export of educational services in Russia
The article is devoted to the analysis of the state and trends in the development of education exports of the Russian Federation.
The authors note that in the conditions of modern processes of integration and interdependence, the export of education is an important element of the development of the country’s economy, increasing the attractiveness and competitiveness of Russia.
Keywords: export of education, educational services, digital education, international cooperation, realization of human rights and freedoms.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 29.12.2012 # 273-FZ. - St. 105. «Ob obrazovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 01.11.2021).
2. Pasport prioritetnogo proekta «Razvitie jeksportnogo potenciala rossijskoj sistemy obrazovanija» (utv. prezidiumom Soveta pri Prezidente Rossijskoj Federacii po strategicheskomu razvitiju i prioritetnym proektam, protokol ot 30.05.2017 # 6). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija:
01.11.2021).
3. Amirov R. A. Jeksport obrazovatel'nyh uslug kak vazhnejshij faktor povyshenija konkurentosposobnosti i jekonomicheskogo razvitija strany // Upravlencheskoe konsul'tirovanie. - 2018. - # 8 (116). - S.71-81.
4. Aref'ev A. L., Sheregi F. Je. Inostrannye studenty v rossijskih vuzah. Razdel pervyj: Rossija na mezhdunarodnom rynke obrazovanija. Razdel vtoroj:Formirovanie kontingenta inostrannyh studentov dlja rossijskih vuzov / Ministerstvo obrazovanija i
nauki Rossijskoj Federacii. - M.: Centr sociologicheskih issledovanij. - 228 s.
5. Aref'ev A. L. Sostojanie i perspektivy jeksporta rossijskogo obrazovanija: Monografija. - M.: RUDN, 2010. - 109 s.
6. D'jachkova K. A., Zaueva D. S., Fursov K. S. Transnacional'noe obrazovanie: ponjatie i perspektivy s tochki zrenija rossijskih jekspertov // Transgranichnoe obrazovanie: sovremennye realii i perspektivy. Nauchnye trudy. - M., 2008. - S. 92-106.
7. Sedunova S. Ju. Transgranichnoe obrazovanie: teorija i praktika, vozmozhnost' i real'nost' // Vestnik Pskovskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. Serija: social'no-gumanitarnye i psihologo-pedagogicheskie nauki. - 2011. - # 13. - S. 204-209.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Zinchenko N. V., Repin V. A.
Twisting the hand inside (the arm lever inside) as a universal technique for solving tasks related to the assistant’s freedom of movement limitation
This article deals with the training of employees of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation from among the permanent staff of educational organizations of the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia for the implementation of combat techniques of struggle as part of the final lesson in physical training. The article discusses in detail the issues of how to solve problems associated with restricting the freedom of movement of an assistant, with the implementation of protective actions associated with threats with a pistol point-blank in front and behind, as well as an attempt by the assistant to disarm an employee by removing the weapon from the holster when approaching from behind.
Keywords: instruction, fighting techniques, level of physical fitness, constant composition, twisting the arm inward, control exercises, level of physical fitness, cadet, education, training, entrance tests, photo-video fixation.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Prikaz MVD Rossii «Ob utverzhdenii Nastavlenija po organizacii fizicheskoj podgotovki v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii» (podgotovlen MVD Rossii 01.07.2017).
2. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 5 maja 2018 g. # 275 «Ob utverzhdenii Porjadka organizacii podgotovki kadrov dlja zameshhenija dolzhnostej v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii».
3. O policii: feder. Zakon ot 07.02.2011 g. # 3-FZ: v red. ot 09.02.2014 # 8-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
4. Ob utverzhdenii nastavlenija po organizacii fizicheskoj podgotovki v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii: prikaz MVD Rossii ot 01.07.2017 g. # 450. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
5. Ob utverzhdenii Porjadka organizacii podgotovki kadrov dlja zameshhenija dolzhnostej v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii: prikaz MVD Rossii ot 05.05.2018 g. # 275. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
6. Fizicheskaja podgotovka: uchebnik / V. A. Ovchinnikov, V. S. Jakimovich. – Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2014. – 552 s. Dostup iz JeK biblioteki VA MVD Rossii. – pdf.
7. Fizicheskie uprazhnenija v sisteme podgotovki sotrudnikov OVD: uchebnoe posobie / Ovchinnikov V. A., Ovechkin D. G., Gavrilov V. G. – Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2013. – 230 s.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Kormakov A. E., Chinovnikov A. I.
Determination of the moment of shot in the case of a fire contact
This article deals with the peculiarities of training employees of the internal affairs bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation in the event of a situation of fire contact between a criminal and an officer of the internal affairs department. A number of conditions are considered for the use of counteraction to the enemy as a result of a firefight between him and an employee of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation. Various examples of getting out of the line of fire using different methods are given. The psychological aspects of the conduct of a firefight by an employee of the Department of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation and a criminal are considered.
Keywords: manual, operational and service tasks, level of fire training, permanent composition, inspection, problem solving, the moment of the shot, fire contact, shooter, visual contact, firefight, shooting in the fall.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bajrachnyj V. Strel'ba po dvizhushhimsja celjam //Voennye znanija. - 1956. - # 5. - S. 19.
2. Berezkin E. Pravo na vystrel. Iskusstvo boevoj strel'by // Ruzh'e. - 1995. - S. 64-69.
3. Bernshtejn N. A. Ocherki po fiziologii dvizhenij.- M.: Medicina, 1966. - 349 s.
4. Bodalev A. A. Vosprijatie cheloveka chelovekom. - L., 1965. - S. 21-43, 71-97.
5. Bojarkin V. S pistoletom v ruke i adrenalinom v krovi // Soldat udachi. – 1996. - # 4. - S. 45-47.
6. Bojarkin V. Strel'ba v cel' ili “na publiku”? // Soldat udachi. - 1997. - # 1. - S. 30-31, 60.
7. Burris B. Bespricel'naja strel'ba ne daet preimushhestv // Soldat udachi. – 1995. - # 6. - S. 14–15.
8. Gordikov P. A. Poslednee sredstvo ubezhdenija:Uchebnoe posobie. - M.: Tehnika molodezhi, 1996. -216 s.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Smirnova M. I.
The formation of culture of consuming information as the basis of information culture of students of higher educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
The article is devoted to the formation of information culture of cadets and students of higher educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. The concept of information is analyzed from the consumer point of view. Attention is focused on the need to form a culture of information consumption as an important strategic product in the market of information resources, its impact on the information culture of the personality of future employees of the internal affairs bodies of Russia.
Keywords: information, consumer culture, goods, information market, information culture.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon Rossijskoj Federacii «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i zashhite informacii» ot 27.07.2006 g. # 149-FZ(red. ot 21.07.2014 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa http://base.garant.ru/12148555/. (data obrashhenija: 11.11.2021).
2. Beljaev D. Memuary o budushhem. Informacija kak tovar. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa:http://bda-expert.com/2010/07/informaciya-kaktovar/ (data obrashhenija: 11.11.2021).
3. Informacija kak specificheskij vid tovara.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://b i z - b o o k s . b i z / b o o k - m a r k e t i n g / i n f o r m a t s i y a -kak-spetsificheskiy-vid.html. (data obrashhenija:11.11.2021).
4. Informacija kak tovar. [Jelektronnyj resurs].- Rezhim dostupa: https://lektsii.com/2-16775.html(data obrashhenija: 11.11.2021).
5. Informacija kak tovar. Jerrou K.Dzh. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/informatsiya-kak-tovar-1 (data obrashhenija: 11.11.2021).
6. Klejner G.B. Mikrojekonomika znanij i mify sovremennoj teorii // Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii. - 2006. - # 9. - S. 32-37.
7. Otlichija informacionnogo tovara ot material'nogo. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa:https://1departament.ru/tematicheskie-materialy/03/otlichija-informacionnogo-tovara-ot-materialnogo.html (data obrashhenija: 11.11.2021).
8. Stepchenko T. A. Teoretiko-metodicheskie osnovy formirovanija potrebitel'skoj kul'tury shkol'nikov: monografija. - M.: Vita-Press, 2007.- 144 s.
9. Shaucukova L. Z. Informatika 10-11. - M.: Prosveshhenie, 2000. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://mif.vspu.ru/books/informaticsshau/theory/chapter1/1_1_2.html (data obrashhenija:11.11.2021).
10. Bell D. The coming of Post-industrial Society. A Venture in Social Forcasting. - N.Y., Basic Books, Inc., 1973. - 760 p.
11. Castells M. The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture: End of Milenium. Malden (Ma.) -Oxford: Blackwell Publ., 1998. - P. 17.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Shemetova J. M.
Education funding in the United States during the coronavirus pandemic
The article is devoted to the problems of financing higher education in the United States during the coronavirus pandemic. In fact, several key vectors of the development of the situation can be identified. Firstly, these are individual problems with students’ financing.
Secondly, the unwillingness of the state and society to pay for the level of education provided. Third, dwindling donations with severely limited spending capacity. The combination of these vectors increases the economic inequality of students in the United States.
Keywords: education, financing, USA, students, quality of education.
Work bibliographic list
1. Minina V. N. Cifrovizacija vysshego obrazovanija i ee social'nye rezul'taty // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Sociologija. – 2020.– T. 13. – #.\ 1. – S. 84-101.
2. Chirikov I. et al. Online education platforms scale college STEM instruction with equivalent learning outcomes at lower cost // Science Advances. – 2020. – T.6. – # 15. – S. 5324.
3. Demir A. et al. The role of E-service quality in shaping online meeting platforms: a case study from higher education sector //Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education. – 2020.
4. Kim J. Learning and teaching online during Covid-19:Experiences of student teachers in an early childhood education practicum // International Journal of Early Childhood. – 2020. – T. 52. – # 2. – S. 145-158.
5. Sun L., Tang Y., Zuo W. Coronavirus pushes education online // Nature Materials. – 2020. – T. 19. – # 6. – P. 687-687.
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Kantor O. G., Kostyleva E. G.,
Grogulenko N. V., Сheremiskin A. A.
Reputation capital of a university teacher: methodology and results of search research
In the article, the authors present the results of an exploratory study conducted in order to identify the criteria for the reputation of university teachers. The research was carried out among students and teachers of the USPTU. The results obtained are of great practical importance for motivating employees and increasing the competitiveness of the university, as well as for studying the phenomenon of the teacher’s reputation capital.
Keywords: reputation, reputation capital of a university teacher, teacher reputation criteria.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Gabdulhakova R. V., Kozlova Ju. B., Grogulenko N. V.Rol' internet-kommunikacij v prodvizhenii imidzha goroda // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. -2021. - # 1 (152). - S. 429-430.
2. Gerasimova E. V., Kostyleva E. G. Sovershenstvovanie proforientacionnoj raboty v vuze na primere Ufimskogo gosudarstvennogo neftjanogo tehnicheskogo universiteta // Neftegazovoe delo. - 2013. - # 11-1. - S. 29-33.
3. Kirillova S. A., Kuznecova Ju. A., Kantor O. G.Kachestvo social'nyh uslug // Ocenka i upravlenie/ Uchrezhdenie Rossijskoj akademii nauk Institut social'no-jekonomicheskih issledovanij Ufimskogo nauchnogo centra RAN. - Ufa, 2009.
4. Cheremiskin A. A. Analiz informacionnogo razvitija i informacionno-kommunikativnyh tehnologij v Rossijskoj Federacii // Nauchnoe znanie sovremennosti. - 2017. - # 5 (5). - S. 255–258.
5. Gaisina L. M., Shaikhislamov R. B., Shayakhmetova R.R., Kostyleva E. G., Goremykina L. I., Gainanova A. G. The essence and structural elements of a healthy lifestyle of students // Espacios. - 2019. - T. 40. - # 21. - P. 10.
6. Gaisina L. M., Belonozhko M. L, Tkacheva N. A., Abdrakhmanov N. Kh, Grogulenko N. V. Principles and methods of synergy modeling of management system at oil and gas sector’s enterprises // Espacios. – 2017. - Vol. 38 (# 33).
7. Ustinova O. V., Rudov S. V., Kostyleva E. G., Grogulenko N. V., Kulishova N. D. The processes of globalization in the russians’ views // Man in India. - 2016. - Vol. 96. -# 7. - P. 2165-2177.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Andreev L. A.
Main operational indices of the banking system in Afghanistan
The end of foreign presence in Afghanistan and new government coming into power in august 2021 actualized the topic of the inheritance the state had received before its institutions started fully functioning on their own. The article is devoted to an analysis in a first approximation of the main indices of the banking system of Afghanistan, which discover the situation in the economic sector
Keywords: banking system, Afghanistan, savings, investments, GDP
Workbibliographiclist
1. Bobrovskaja T. V., Hamidi A. Informacionnaja sistema finansovogo upravlenija v Islamskoj Respublike Afganistan // Sovremennye napravlenija teorii i praktiki jekonomicheskogo analiza, buhgalterskogo uchjota, finansovogo menedzhmenta: sbornik materialov mezhdunarodnoj̆ nauchnoj̆ konferencii. Novosibirsk, 5-6 dekabrja 2017 g.[Brumberg D. Iran gotovit novuju «Bol'shuju igru» v Afganistane //Arabskij centr Vashington, okrug Kolumbija, [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://arabcenterdc.org/resource/iran-prepares-for-anew-great-game-in-afghanistan/ - Zagl. s jekrana.
2. Gafurov A. D. Formirovanie i razvitie finansovogo prava razvivajushhihsja stran (na primere Islamskoj Respubliki Afganistan, Islamskoj Respubliki Iran, Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki i Respubliki Tadzhikistan). – Dushanbe: Izdatel'stvo «Sino», 2017. – 352 s. – ISBN 996760204X.
3. Mir A. L. F. Problemy privlechenija investicij v Afganistan // Problemy i perspektivy razvitija jeksperimental'noj nauki: sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii: v 5ch., Tjumen', 26 dekabrja 2018 goda. – Tjumen': Obshhestvo s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju «OMEGA SAJNS», 2018. – S. 12-15.
4. Choudhuri N. Afganskie menjaly – poslednjaja nadezhda jekonomiki // Vneshnjaja politika. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://foreignpolicy.com/2021/09/05/afghanistan-economic-crisis-talibantakeover-banks-money-exchangers/ - Zagl. s jekrana.
5. Mezhdunarodnyj valjutnyj fond. Stranovoj doklad MVF # 19/382, Islamskaja Respublika Afganistan. Doklad personala MVF Konsul'tacii 2019 g. v sootvetstvii so stat'ej IV i 6-j obzor po rasshirennoj kreditnoj politike – press-reliz, doklad personala i zajavlenie ispolnitel'nogo direktora po Islamskoj Respublike Afganistan.
Dekabr' 2019 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.imf.org/-/media/Files/Publications/CR/2019/1AFGEA2019003.ashx - Zagl. s jekrana
6. Bank Afganistana. Denezhnaja i finansovaja statistika. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://dab.gov.af/sites/default/files/2021-06/MFS%20summery%20%28Dec%202006-April%202021%29.xlsx- Zagl. s jekrana.
7. Statisticheskoe podrazdelenie OON. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=SNAAMA&f=grID:101; currID:USD;pcFlag:0;itID:5&c=2,3,5,6&s=_crEngNameOrderBy:asc,yr:desc&v=1 - Zagl. s jekrana
8. Sajt Vsemirnogo banka. Indikatory mirovogo razvitija.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://databank.worldbank.org/reports.aspx?source=2&country=AFG# - Zagl.
s jekrana.
9. Sajt Mezhdunarodnogo valjutnogo fonda. Issledovanie dostupa k finansovym resursam. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://data.imf.org/?sk=E5DCAB7EA5CA-4892-A6EA-598B5463A34C&sId=1460043522778 -Zagl. s jekrana.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Bikmukhametov I. F., Fazrakhmanov I. I.
Some questions of assessing the social effect of the activities of social enterprises
The article examines some issues of assessing the social impact/effect of social enterprises based on research and analysis of scientific literature on this topic, as well as materials and recommendations of international organizations. It is shown that an increasing number of social enterprises in European countries are concerned with assessing their own impact, which is not observed in Russian enterprises. In order to remedy this situation, Russian social businessmen were given advice for the most effective assessment of the social effect provided. The relevance of the chosen topic lies in the fact that even informal reporting can increase the recognition of a
social enterprise and the level of trust on the part of stakeholders.
Keywords: social entrepreneurship, social effect, social impact, assessment of social effect.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Rozhdestvenskaja N. V., Boguslavskaja S. B., Bobrova O. S. Ocenka jeffektivnosti proektov nekommercheskih organizacij, social'nogo predprinimatel'stva i grazhdanskih iniciativ. - SPb.: Izdatel'stvo politehnicheskogo universiteta, 2016. - 168 s.
2. Clifford J. ‘Impact Evaluation by Social Enterprises: Measuring the un-measurable?’, 10th annual meeting of the OECD LEED forum on partnerships and local development. 2014.
3. European Commission / OECD. Policy Brief on Social Impact Measurement for Social Enterprises. Policies for Social Entrepreneurship. 2015.
4. McKinsey & Company. Scaling the impact of the social enterprise sector (2016). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/mckinsey/industries/pubic%20and%20social%20sector/our%20insights/scaling%20the%20impact%20of%20the%20social%20enterprise%20sector/scaling-the-impact-of-the-social-enterprisesector.pdf (data obrashhenija: 03.11.2021).
5. Mort G., Weerawardena J., Carnegie K., 2002. Social entrepreneurship:towards conceptualization and measurement.American Marketing Association Conference Proceedings13.
6. OECD/EU (2019), “Boosting Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprise Development in the Netherlands, In-depth Policy Review”, OECD LEED Working Papers. – Paris: OECD Publishing, 2019.
7. The Social Enterprise Monitor 2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.archief.social-enterprise.nl/files/2415/3994/7219/256_Publicatie_SE_monitor2018_EN_spreads.pdf (data obrashhenija: 01.11.2021).
 
Economy . Law . Society
Garipova G.R., Silivanetz A.V.
Geocultural branding: concept, foundations, tools
The article presents an endeavour to clarify the concept of «geocultural branding» as a complex of cultural, socio-economic, geographical, ethnic and historical foundations; the functional purpose, object and subject of influence of geocultural branding, as well as the main tools for the formation of a geocultural brand are determined.
Keywords: brand, brand building, geocultural brand, geocultural branding, geoculture, geocultural product, territory image, Unique Selling Proposition (USP).
Work bibliographic list
1. Baljuta P.A. Prostranstvo kul'tury i kul'turnoe prostranstvo: opredelenie, specifika i vzaimodejstvie // Omskij nauchnyj vestnik. – 2014. – # 3(1290). – S. 68-70.
2. Zamjatin D.N. Geokul'turnyj brending territorij:konceptual'nye osnovy // Labirint. Zhurnal social'no-gumanitarnyh issledovanij. – 2013. – # 5. –S. 11-23.
3. Zelenev E.I. Geokul'turnoe prostranstvo i geokul'turnye polja: teorija voprosa // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. – 2009. – Serija 13. –Vyp. 1. – S. 19-28.
4. Ezhova E.N. Cifrovye PR-tehnologii v geokul'turnom brendinge territorij // Jempiricheskie issledovanija. – 2019. – T. 7. – # 3. – S. 34-39.
5. Glava Bashkirii priostanovil raboty na gore Kushtau posle protesta jekoaktivistov // Fontanka.ru. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.fontanka.ru/2020/08/16/69424720/ (data obrashhenija: 29.10.2021).
6. Sulejmanova R.R. Svjazi s obshhestvennost'ju – novaja special'nost' dlja novoj Rossii// Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Rol' klassicheskih universitetov v formirovanii innovacionnoj sredy regionov. Sovremennoe gumanitarnoe obrazovanie kak osnova gumanizacii obshhestva» (Ufa, 02-05 dekabrja 2009 g.). – Ufa: RIC BashGU, 2009. – S. 307-311.
7. Sulejmanova R.R. Problemy kommunikacii v istorii social'no-filosofskoj mysli// Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija «Filosofija. Sociologija. Kul'turologija». –2011.–Vyp. 20. # 2 (217). –S. 131-138.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Kadesnikova O. V., Sabirov T. I.
Approaches to the organization of risk-based management accounting at oil and gas industry enterprises
The article deals with the problems of risk management of an organization, to which the attention of researchers has increased in the unstable conditions of the economic environment, which have been manifested to an increasing extent recently. The current approaches to the formulation of a risk-based management accounting system are considered, which not only summarizes information about the presence of risk areas, but also allows to influence specific risks of the organization (in a particular case, corruption).
Keywords: risk, management accounting, risk-based approach, oil and gas industry.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sitnikova V. A., Sitnikova S. A. Jelementy risk-orientirovannogo upravlencheskogo ucheta // Sovremennaja jekonomika: problemy i reshenija. – 2014. –# 12 (60). – S. 132-137.
2. Telenkov E. E. Chetyre shaga k postroeniju risk-orientirovannoj modeli upravlenija kompaniej //Voprosy upravlenija i instrumenty rynka. – 2017.– S. 139-152.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Kuzmicheva A. A.
Trust in an organization is a “path to nowhere” or an effective tool for managing employees in a crisis
Starting from the second half of 2019, none of the Russian industries, socio-class structures, labor collectives and organizations could not but feel the negative changes associated with the COVID pandemic.
These trends affect the relationships in the organization. Using the example of an aviation company, the nature of trust between employees and managers, between employees themselves is shown, the essence of staff loyalty is analyzed, a social study was conducted, problems with the departure of employees and qualified personnel due to growing distrust were revealed.
Keywords: socio-economic reforms, COVID-pandemic, crisis of trust, trust between employees and the manager, loyalty of employees of the organization, organizational efficiency, labor resource, social management in the organization.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 02.07.2021 g. # 400 « O Strategii nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: Kremlin.ru.
2. Averin A. N. Social'naja politika na predprijatii. – M.: Izd-vo RAGS, 2011.
3. Blagov Ju. E. Korporativnaja social'naja otvetstvennost': jevoljucija koncepcii. – SPb.: Izd-vo «Vysshaja shkola menedzhmenta», 2010.
4. Ignat'eva A. V., Maksimcov M. M. Issledovanie sistem upravlenija: uchebnoe posobie. – 2-e izd., pererab., dop. – M.: JuNITI, 2009.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Leybert T. B., Ismagilova A.V.
Financial management of the processes of investment reproduction of fixed capital in oil and gas companies
The article deals with the issue of financial management of the processes of investment reproduction of fixed capital in Russian companies of the oil and gas industry. The real situation is such that today, for the most part, short-term investments are made in the working capital of oil and gas companies, and the processes of investing the reproduction of fixed capital do not provide timely replacement of obsolete fixed assets.
Keywords: financial management, investment processes, reproduction, fixed capital, oil and gas companies, renewal, COVID-19 pandemic.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 9 ijunja 2020 g. # 1523-r «Ob utverzhdenii Jenergeticheskoj strategii Rossii na period do 2035goda» // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 06.11.2021).
2. Antonec K. V. Upravlenie investicionnoj dejatel'nost'ju v neftegazovyh kompanijah // Moskovskij jekonomicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 8. –S. 440-444.
3. Godovoj otchet Gruppy Bashneft' za 2020 god. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.bashneft.ru/files/iblock/61a/Godovoj_otchet_2020_god.pdf (data obrashhenija: 09.11.2021).
4. Godovoj otchet PAO «Surgutneftegaz» za 2020 god. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.surgutneftegas.ru/investors/essential_information/reporting/ (data obrashhenija: 09.11.2021).
5. Godovoj otchet PAO «Tatneft'» za 2020 god. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.tatneft.ru/storage/block_editor/files/740ca6ed547060b97715e9812639fe20cddd264a.pdf (data obrashhenija:09.11.2021).
6. Nikulina O. V. Strategicheskie orientiry innovacionno-investicionnogo razvitija jekonomiki Rossii v kontekste global'nyh resursnyh i tehnologicheskih izmenenij // Rossija: tendencii i perspektivy razvitija. – 2021. – # 16-1. – S. 387-391.
7. Stepen' iznosa osnovnyh fondov. Oficial'nyj internet-portal Federal'noj sluzhby gosudarstvennoj statistiki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/business/osnfond/STIZN_ved.htm (data obrashhenija:
07.11.2021).
8. Utjushev R. A. Upravlenie investicionnoj dejatel'nost'ju neftegazovyh kompanij // Akademicheskaja publicistika. – 2021. – # 1. – S. 126-130.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Li Changzhu, Wang Xiaoyu
Research strategies for assessing the quality of training of public basic courses in chinese universities in the background of deepening educational reform
The article focuses on the reform of the Chinese education system, which puts forward more demands on the quality of education and focuses on the formation of the comprehensive development of human resources. It is shown that for modern higher education it
is important to develop and implement systems for assessing education and teaching state basic courses in colleges and universities.
At the same time, it is necessary to constantly improve the level of teaching through quality assessment. In the context of the new curriculum reform, the question of how best to update the strategy for assessing the quality of teaching of state basic courses in colleges and universities is a problem, it is a pressing modern problem. This article briefly analyzes an overview of teaching quality assessment, challenges in implementing these processes, and measures to improve the strategy for assessing the quality of teaching of public basic courses in colleges and universities against the backdrop of deepening reform.
Keywords: colleges and universities, public fund, quality of teaching, evaluation strategy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Djen Fjen. Obsuzhdenie mnogomernoj prakticheskoj pedagogicheskoj ocenki i sistemy ocenivanija //Kitajskaja nauka i tehnologicheskaja informacija. – 2013. – # 3. – S. 140-142.
2. Li Baochun', Go Ljan. Postroenie i praktika sistemy ocenki kachestva prepodavanija dlja uchitelej v mestnyh prikladnyh universitetah // Reforma i otkrytie. – 2012. – # 5. – S. 152.
3. Hou Vjen', Chzhu Lin'lin'. Jempiricheskoe issledovanie ocenki jeffektivnosti prepodavanija matematiki // Zhurnal matematicheskogo obrazovanija. – 2010.– # 19 (3). – S. 35-38.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Mukhamadiyeva E. F., Galimullina S. R.,
Galimullina N. A., Abramov I. R.
Statistical analysis of the economic security of the region
The purpose of the publication of this article is to determine statistical indicators for assessing the economic security of the region.
The economic security of the region depends on a large number of factors that need to be collected, grouped and evaluated according to the relevance and possibility of interpolating data, which causes a lot of controversy in economic circles. Therefore, a detailed statistical analysis of the economic security indicators of the region requires the study of methodological foundations and best analytical practices, which is relevant and in demand in modern economic conditions.
Keywords: statistical indicators for assessing the economic security of the region, economic security, threats to economic security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bajrushina F. F., Muhamadieva Je. F. O monitoringe social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija regiona //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - # - 11(126). - S. 379-380.
2. Bikmetova Z. M. Razrabotka mehanizma obespechenija finansovoj bezopasnosti predprijatija // Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - # 2 (140). - S. 65-71.
3. Galimullina N. A. Ocenka protivodejstvija organov vnutrennih del tenevoj jekonomike v Rossijskoj Federacii // Innovacionnoe razvitie jekonomiki. - 2018. - # 3 (45). - S. 296-305.
4. Juldasheva O. N., Sizonenko Z. L., Galimullina N.A. Jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' regiona // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2016. - # 4 (95).- S. 358-360.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Pleshivtseva А. А.
Organizational structure of tourism business management in Russia
The development of the tourism business is an important part of increasing the investment attractiveness of the country and volumebuilding of its GDP. In this case state policy in relation to the tourism industry is aimed at enriching the national economy, which ensures political and economic stability, creates national income, additional jobs and much more, which contributes to the smooth export and import of tourism. One of the main conditions for the development of tourism business is the formation of an effective management structure at various levels. In this regard, the article examines the experience of Russia, where different structures are in charge of the tourism industry: at the macroeconomic level – the Government of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Culture and Rostourism; at the mesoeconomic level – local authorities, line ministries and departments; and at the microeconomic level – enterprises in the sphere of primary and secondary services in tourism.
Keywords: tourist business, governing bodies, recreational resources, tourist product, Rostourism, primary service sector, secondary service sector.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 18.11.2004 # 1453 (red. Ot 07.10.2008) «O Federal'nom agentstve po turizmu i Federal'nom agentstve po fizicheskoj kul'ture i sportu» // «Rossijskaja gazeta», # 259, 23.11.2004.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 21.05.2012 # 636 (red. Ot 14.09.2018, s izm. ot 21.01.2020) «O strukture federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti» // «Rossijskaja gazeta», # 114, 22.05.2012.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 24.11.1996 # 132-FZ (red. Ot 02.07.2021) «Ob osnovah turistskoj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii» // «Rossijskaja gazeta», #231, 03.12.1996.
4. Veselova N.Ju. Organizacija turistskoj dejatel'nosti: Uchebnoe posobie dlja bakalavrov. M.: Izdatel'sko-torgovaja korporacija «Dashkov i K», 2015. 256 s.
5. Grishhenko L.P., Kurochkin V.N., Shherbina A.V. Analiz faktorov razvitija turistskoj otrasli i servisa gostepriimstva // Moskovskij jekonomicheskij zhurnal. 2017. # 2. S. 34.
6. Kurochkin V.N., Shherbina A.V., Kobina L.A., Grechko M.V. Servisnaja dejatel'nost'. Rostov-na-Donu, 2019.
7. Ryndach M.A. Osnovy turizma: Uchebnoe posobie /Pod red. S.N. Smolenskogo. M.: Izdatel'sko-torgovaja korporacija «Dashkov i K»; Rostov n/D:: Nauka-Spektr, 2017. 204 s.
8. Shherbina A.V. Upravlenie kachestvom v servise.Rostov-na-Donu, 2020.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Terekhov I. G., Zenkova V. G.,
Terekhova L. A., Kalmykova E. N., Morozova A. F.
Assessment of the replacement cost of buildings (structures)
The replacement cost of buildings (structures) is an applied basis for making decisions on the reproduction of the residual operational resource when comparing the actual residual value and the replacement cost of a building (structure). The costs of restoring building structures should be calculated at the zero step of the project (before the development of investments) to reduce the uncertainty factor when deciding on the reproduction of specific types of fixed assets. Thus, the assessment of the replacement cost is an important issue of methodological support of the process of reproduction of the residual operational resource and reproduction of fixed assets (buildings and structures). It is also necessary to take into account that the assessment of the replacement cost of buildings and structures is an important methodological stage in planning the costs of reconstruction and capital repairs of fixed assets. The article offers a description of the algorithm, which presents the main stages of assessing the replacement cost of a building (structure).
Keywords: civil building, industrial building, reconstruction, major repairs, reproduction, actual cost.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Pis'mo Koordinacionnogo centra po cenoobrazovaniju i smetnomu normirovaniju v stroitel'stve ot 14 dekabrja 2018 g. # KC/2018-12ti “Ob indeksah izmenenija smetnoj stoimosti stroitel'stva po Federal'nym okrugam i regionam Rossijskoj Federacii na dekabr' 2018 goda”. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/72043620/, dostup svobodnyj (data obrashhenija:
25.11.2021).
2. Sborniki ukrupnennyh pokazatelej vosstanovitel'noj stoimosti zdanij i sooruzhenij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://upvs-online.ru/, dostup svobodnyj (data obrashhenija: 25.11.2021).
3. Hajrullin V. A., Rivkina N. N., Shakirova Je. V. Ocenka spravedlivoj stoimosti predprijatij stroitel'stva ob"ektov neftjanoj i gazovoj promyshlennosti //Neftegazovoe delo. – 2014. – T. 12. – # 2. – S. 188–192.
4. Hajrullin V. A., Ahundov Je. R., Kuznecov D. V., Zencov V. N. Ocenka social'nogo i bjudzhetnogo jeffekta pri realizacii investicionnyh proektov zatratnogo tipa v stroitel'stve: monografija. – Kazan': Buk, 2021.– 226 s.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Kruglov S. A.
Consumer price index (CPI) forecasting using neural networks
This article discusses a method for forecasting the CPI using a neural network model. Using neural networks to predict economic performance allows us to apply models with greater potential compared to the standard econometric apparatus. Accurate and timely forecast of the consumer price index are an important pillar of both the economy and government regulation. In this study, we will build a neural network model and select a set of suboptimal hyperparameters for it in order to create the most adequate model for CPI analysis and prediction.
Keywords: consumer price index (CPI), neural network, neural network hyperparameters, inflation.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Karlova N. A., Puzanova E. V., Bogacheva I. V., Morozov A. G. Kak formirujutsja infljacionnye ozhidanija predprijatij: rezul'taty oprosa // Problemy prognozirovanija. - 2020. - # 5 (182). - S. 83-96.
2. Micek E. B., Micek S. A. Analiz faktorov dinamiki osnovnyh makrojekonomicheskih peremennyh Rossijskoj Federacii // Voprosy upravlenija. - 2020.- # 1 (62). - S. 47-62.
3. Roenko D. V. Problemy proektirovanija arhitektury iskusstvennoj nejronnoj seti prjamogo rasprostranenija // Sovremennye problemy nauchnoj dejatel'nosti. Perspektivy vnedrenija innovacionnyh reshenij. - 2019. - S. 41-44.
4. Tumanjan G. V. Antroposocietal'nyj Podhod v kontekste transformacij paradigmy publichnogo upravlenija. Partisipativnoe upravlenie v «servisnom» gosudarstve // Vestnik moskovskogo gumanitarno-jekonomicheskogo instituta. - 2020. - # 1. - S. 206-219.
5. Jurevich M. A. Infljacionnye ozhidanija i infljacija: naukasting i prognozirovanie // Journal of economic regulation. - 2020. - T. 12. - # 2. - S. 22-35.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Grosheva V. A., Karpikova M. O., Sechina V. A.
The impact of management functions on the effectiveness of the organization
The article examines the influence of management functions on the performance of organizations, as well as the effectiveness of the use of management functions to achieve goals with minimal costs, both human labor and material for organizations. The work reveals the content of 4 main functions that are part of the management process, regardless of the size of the organization, its purpose, form of ownership. Measures are proposed for maximum efficiency from the implementation of management functions.
Keywords: management functions, organization management, management, organization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dan'ko T. P., Golubev M. P. Menedzhment i marketing, orientirovannyj na stoimost': Uchebnik. –M.: INFRA-M, 2014. – 416 c.
2. Dessler Gari. Upravlenie personalom: uchebnoe posobie / pod red. R. I. Shlenova. – M.: Izdatel'stvo «BINOM», 2014. – 432 s.
3. D'jakova O. V. Razrabotka sistemy pokazatelej ocenki jeffektivnosti upravlenija // Nauchnoe obozrenie. – 2013. – # 2. – 291 s.
4. Zajcev N. L. Jekonomika organizacii: uchebnik dlja vuzov. – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Izdatel'stvo «Jekzamen», 2014. – 624 s.
5. Korporativnyj universitet sberbanka. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sberbankuniversity.ru.
6. Latfullin G. A., Nikitin A. S., Serebrjannikov S.S. Teorija menedzhmenta. – SPb.: Piter, 2016. – 464 s.
7. Lukicheva L. I. Upravlencheskie reshenija: uchebnik. –M.: OMEGA-L, 2014. – 383 s.
8. Martynenko D. S. Izmenenie procedury ocenki personala v svjazi s izmeneniem klientskoj strategii // Spravochnik po upravleniju personalom. –2013. – # 10. – 93 s.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Aldatov K. B.
Government support of blockchain technology
The article provides a description of government support of blockchain technology. Apart from that, the article analyzes foreign experience of using blockchain technology by governments of Singapore, Japan and Australia. The paper describes the potential of blockchain technology in developing of financial sectors. The benefits and drawbacks of blockchain are also examined. For instance, there are risks that cause certain concerns in government’s policy.
Keywords: innovations, blockchain technology, government and blockchain, blockchain accelerator, blockchain startups, innovation policy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Governments from around the world are betting on blockchain technologies in their initiatives to enable these countries to achieve their objectives. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.e-zigurat.com/innovation-school/blog/governments-blockchaininitiatives/(data obrashhenija: 10.10.2021).
2. IBM lands $740 Million deal to supply data security to Australia. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-07-05/ibm-lands-740-million-deal-to-supply-data-security-toaustralia(data obrashhenija: 10.10.2021).
3. Linkov I., Wells E., Trump B., Collier Z., Goerger S.,& Lambert J. H. (2018). Blockchain Benefits and Risks. The Military Engineer, 110(714), 62–63. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.jstor.org/stable/26464732 (data obrashhenija: 26.09.2021).
4. Masters L. S., Oehninger S. F., & McDermott P. M. (2017). Blockchain: Tapping Its Potential and Insuring Against Its Risks. Business Law Today, 1–2. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.jstor.org/stable/27031178 (data obrashhenija: 25.09.2021).
5. Ryan R., & Donohue M. (2017). Securities on Blockchain. The Business Lawyer, 73 (1), 85-108. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.jstor.org/stable/26419192/ (data obrashhenija: 25.09.2021).
 
Economy . Law . Society
Popova T. V., Chernyaev A. M.
The main threats to the economic security of departments and institutions of the penal system in the procurement of food products and ways to overcome them
The article examines the factors that have a negative impact on the stability of the functioning and economic security of the departments and institutions of the penal enforcement system when
they determine the initial (maximum) contract price within the framework of the procurement of food products. On the basis of the analysis of state statistics, as well as departmental statistical data of the Federal Penal Service of Russia, threats to the economic security of divisions of the Federal Penal Service of Russia at the stage of procurement planning have been identified and recommendations have been formulated to improve the efficiency of the public procurement mechanism.
Keywords: public procurement, penitentiary system, food security, economic security, threats.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Bulatenko M. A., Husnetdinova Je. R. Osushhestvlenie zakupok dlja gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd v celjah obespechenija jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti // Simvol nauki: mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. – 2021. – # 3. – S. 53-56.
2. Meshkov A. N. Problemy cenoobrazovanija v sfere gosudarstvennogo oboronnogo zakaza i puti ih reshenija // Voennyj akademicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. –# 2 (26). – S. 143-151.
3. Rossijskij rynok svininy – kljuchevye tendencii v 2020-2021 gg. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://agrovesti.net/lib/industries/beef-cattle/rossijskij-rynok-svininy-klyuchevye-tendentsii-v-2020-2021-gg.html (data obrashhenija: 15.10.2021).
4. Safargalieva A. S. Narushenija pri osushhestvlenii gosudarstvennyh zakupok kak ugroza jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti // Aktual'nye voprosy sovremennoj jekonomicheskoj nauki: Materialy H Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii, Astrahan', 22 aprelja 2020 goda / Sostaviteli E. O. Vostrikova, L. P. Gvozdareva. – Astrahan': Federal'noe gosudarstvennoe bjudzhetnoe obrazovatel'noe uchrezhdenie vysshego professional'nogo obrazovanija «Astrahanskij gosudarstvennyj universitet», 2020. – S. 69-75.
5. Srednie potrebitel'skie ceny (tarify) na tovary i uslugi. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.fedstat.ru/indicator/31448 (data obrashhenija: 15.10.2021).
 
Economy . Law . Society
Prokopenko V. V.
Economic stability of higher education during the coronavirus
The article examines the economic component, including incentives, financing and budgeting
of higher education in the United States during the coronavirus pandemic. At the moment, difficulties are experienced not only by private educational institutions, but also by public ones. At the same time, the modern labor market constantly creates new challenges, which reduces the fundamental value of education and the incentives to receive it. As a result, the financial stability of this industry is significantly reduced.
Keywords: education, financing, budget, economics of education.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Abramovskij A. L., Rebysheva L. V. Distancionnye obrazovatel'nye tehnologii i transformacija vysshego obrazovanija v uslovijah pandemii COVID-19:vozmozhnosti, vyzovy, perspektivy // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Sociologija. Jekonomika. Politika. - 2020. - # 2. - S. 43-52.
2. Akimenko G. V., Seledcov A. M., Kirina Ju. Ju. Vlijanie pandemii COVID-19 na sistemu vysshego obrazovanija // Jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal «Dnevnik nauki». - 2021. - # 1. - S. 1.
3. Drobot E. V. Vlijanie pandemii COVID-19 na rynok truda SShA // Jekonomika truda. - 2020. - T. 7. - # 7.- S. 577-588.
4. Dudin M. N., Kononova E. V. Upravlenie vysshim obrazovaniem v uslovijah bol'shih vyzovov i ugroz, vyzvannyh pandemiej koronavirusa COVID-19 //Problemy rynochnoj jekonomiki. - 2020. - # 2. - S. 133-145.
5. Chotchaev A. N. Izmenenija v strukture vysshego obrazovanija v uslovijah pandemii covid-19 // Modern Science. - 2020. -# 7-2. - S. 236-241.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Pyatak N. A.
The use of scientific approaches to airport management in the Russian Federation
Recently, the air transport industry has become the most attractive for the development of the state economy. Governments of various countries are trying to model the development of aviation activity through the introduction of various innovations and improvements of the main aviation enterprises. This allows us to look at the Airport as a segment of economic profit. The result of the study is the development and implementation of a unified methodological management in the airport activity in order to form processes and technologies to improve the operation of airports in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: airport, economy, aviation, management.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gorbachev V. Rossijskie ajeroporty: estestvennyj otbor s iskusstvennym «prikrytiem» / Besedovala O. Pospelova // Ajerokosmicheskij kur'er. – 2011.– # 5. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://ascourier.ru.
2. Klochkov V. V., Nizhnik M. V., Rusanova A. L. Prognozirovanie jekonomicheskoj jeffektivnosti sozdanija novyh vidov skorostnogo passazhirskogo transporta // Problemy prognozirovanija. – 2009. – # 3.
3. Plenarnoe zasedanie Vserossijskoj konferencii transportnikov v Novosibirske. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pppi.ru/news/N137/.
4. Stepanov V. Aktual'nye voprosy informacionnogo obespechenijagrazhdanskoj aviacii // Grazhdanskaja Aviacija. – 2010. – # 5.
 
Economy . Law . Society
Tasmukhanova A. E., Dubinina A. I., Zakharova I. M.
Formation of a competency model for an HR specialist
The article is considered with a matrix of key competencies required by employees of HR recruiting departments to successfully achieve the company’s strategic goals. The main attention is paid to the tasks facing a recruiter who would be able to fill absolutely any, even the most difficult vacancy.
Keywords: competence, recruitment, knowledge, skills, assessment method, personnel.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zaharov D. K. Podbor personala s ispol'zovaniem social'nyh setej // Upravlenie. - 2018. - T. 6. - # 1. - S.25-30.
2. Kapitanov S. V. Hedhanting i executive search. Kak peremanit' sotrudnika iz drugoj organizacii? // Problemy Nauki. - 2017. - # 4 (86). - S. 37-46.
3. Latypova A. R., Tasmuhanova A. E. Razvitie metodov ocenki jeffektivnosti autsorsinga i autstaffinga na predprijatii neftjanoj i gazovoj promyshlennosti / V sbornike: aktual'nye voprosy jekonomiki i upravlenija v neftegazovom biznese // Materialy I Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2019. - S. 98-101.
4. Tasmuhanova A. E., Dubinina A. I. Voprosy avtomatizacii rekrutinga s pomoshh'ju metodov distancionnogo podbora / V sbornike: Aktual'nye voprosy jekonomiki i upravlenija v neftegazovom biznese //Sbornik nauchnyh trudov III Vserossijskoj nauchno-
prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2020. - S. 18-20.
5. Hajrullina R. R., Tasmuhanova A. E. Voprosy formirovanija professional'nogo standarta v neftegazovoj otrasli // Jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal Neftegazovoe delo. - 2011. - # 5. - S. 451-460.
6. Haziahmetova D. R., Tasmuhanova A. E. Organizacionnaja kul'tura kak faktor povyshenija jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti neftegazovoj kompanii / V sbornike:Aktual'nye voprosy jekonomiki i upravlenija v neftegazovom biznese // Sbornik nauchnyh trudov V Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. -Ufa, 2021. - S. 122-125.
7. Haritonov S. V., Musina D. R., Tjurganov A. G. Mjagkoe rynochnoj upravlenie jekonomikoj regiona v kontekste cifrovoj jekonomiki // Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - # 1 (139). - S. 43-46.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Rakhmatullina Z. Ya., Itkulova L. A.
The role of needs in the formation of a worldview
In this paper, the role of needs in the formation of a worldview is considered. It reflects the desires, interests, beliefs, values, ideals and principles of practical and cognitive human activity. Basic needs determine how a person seeks the ideological foundations of his existence in the world. The worldview is formed in the process of a person’s search for ways to achieve spiritual and emotional balance based on following the customs and traditions of his people, a group of a social stratum, a class.
Keywords: worldview, needs, values, recognition, rhizotomy, culture, ethnicity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andreev A. P., Selivanov A. I. Russkaja tradicija. -M.: Algoritm, 2004.
2. Maslou A. G. Motivacija i lichnost'. - M.: Evrazija,1999.
3. Petrovskaja M. A. Samoaktualizacija lichnosti kak potrebnost': mirovozzrencheskie koordinaty //Uchenye zapiski Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo social'nogo universiteta. - 2008. - # 4 (60). - S. 181-189.
4. Rahmatullina Z. Ja. Bashkirskaja tradicija (social'no-filosofskij analiz). – Ufa, 2000.
5. Rybakov S. E. Filosofija jetnosa. - M.: IPK Gos-sluzhby, 2001. – 360 s.
6. Fukujama F. Konec istorii i poslednij chelovek. -M.: AST: Ermak, 2005.
7. Fukujama F. Nashe postchelovecheskoe budushhee: posledstvija biotehnologicheskoj revoljucii. - M.:AST: AST MOSKVA, 2008.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Bagrova E. V.
Education as a means of involvement in modern civil society
The article examines the existing education system in the United States, the definition of inequality that is not limited to economic, and also formalizes the relationship between education, social inequality and the inclusion of an individual in civil society. An important question is what inclusion in civil society means. In addition, inclusion in the modern economic system presupposes an understanding of the basic foundations of competition, including when entering a university or technical school, when working. A similar situation is taking place in the USA.
Keywords: education, USA, civil society, inclusion in society.
Work bibliographic list
1. Malyshev M. A. Koncepcija totalitarizma v tvorchestve Hanny Arendt // Antinomii. - 2010. - #.10.
2. Piketti T., Dunaev A. L., Volodin A. Ju. Kapital v XXI veke. - M.: Ad Marginem Press, 2015. - S. 592-592.
3. Rudskoj A. I. i dr. Analiz opyta SShA i Velikobritanii v razvitii STEM-obrazovanija // Nauchno-tehnicheskie vedomosti SPbPU. Estestvennye i inzhenernye nauki. - 2017. - T. 23. - # 2.
4. Hosroeva N. I. Chelovecheskij kapital i trud kak faktory ustojchivogo jekonomicheskogo razvitija// Vestnik Severo-Osetinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta imeni Kosta Levanovicha Hetagurova.- 2018. - # 1. - S. 146-150.
5. Foster V. Citizenship Education // Values Education for Citizens in the New Century. - 2006. - S. 347.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Bondarenko V. N.
On the correlation of the concepts of “this world” and “the other world” in the context of neutral philosophy
In this article, the concepts of “worldly world” and “otherworldly world” are correlated, taking into account various ideological concepts. Special attention is paid to the position of neutral philosophy in the demarcation of these concepts.
Keywords: worldly world, otherworldly world, worldview concepts, neutral philosophy.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Bondarenko V. N. O ponjatii «nejtral'naja filosofija» v kontekste issledovanija drevnevostochnoj i antichnoj filosofii // Ot drevnosti k novomu vremeni (Problemy istorii i arheologii): Sbornik nauchnyh rabot. Vyp. HI / Otv. red. E. A. Kruglov. –Ufa: RIC BashGU, 2008. – S. 112-114.
2. Djuprel' K. Filosofija mistiki / Karl Djuprel';(per. a angl. M. S. Aksjonova. – M.: Jeksmo, 2006. – 592 s.
3. Marks K. Tezisy o Fejerbahe // Marks K., Jengel's F. Sochinenija. Izd. 2. T. 3. – S. 1-4.
4. Losskij N. O. Chuvstvennaja, intellektual'naja i misticheskaja intuicija /Sost. A. P. Poljakov; Podgot. teksta i primech. R. K. Medvedevoj. – M.: Respublika, 1995. – 400 s.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Vildanov Кh. S., Munirov M. A.
Aesthetics of the urban environment as a world outlook
The article is devoted to the study of the aesthetics of the modern urban environment as an ideological problem. Analyzing the situation on the real estate market, modern trends in the development of urban architecture, as well as the experience of world architecture, the authors seek to find a solution to the spectrum of ideological problems associated with the formation of the urban environment.
Keywords: aesthetics of the urban environment, functional architecture, population dynamics, green building, ecology, comfort and aesthetics, real estate market.
Work bibliographic list
1. FZ ot 06.10.2003 # 131-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) «Ob obshhih principah organizacii mestnogo samoupravlenija v Rossijskoj Federacii».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://legalacts.ru/doc/131_FZ-ob-obwih-principahorganizacii-mestnogo-samoupravlenija/
2. Astaf'eva O. N., Kuz'mina N. V. «Interesnoe» v jesteticheskom landshafte goroda // Observatorija kul'tury. - 2018. - T . 15. - # 6. - S. 693-707.
3. Al'berti L.-B. Desjat' knig o zodchestve: V dvuh tomah. - M., 1935-1937.
4. Nedvizhimost' goroda Ufa. Cenoobrazovanie.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ufa.restate.ru/graph/ceny-prodazhi-kvartir/.
5. Poljakov E. N., Krjukova Ju. E. Koncepcija «ideal'nogo» goroda v trudah Aristotelja (384-322gg. do n.je. // Vestnik TGASU. - 2015. - # 4 (51).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/kontseptsiya-idealnogogoroda-v-trudah-aristotelya-384-322-gg-do-n-e.
6. Rejting gorodov po kachestvu zhizni. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.domofond.ru/statya/polnyy_reyting_gorodov_rossii_pokachestvu_zhizni_v_2018_godu/7679.
7. Rejting rossijskih regionov po kachestvu zhizni – 2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Re-
zhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20210215/kachestvozhizni-1597462656.html.
8. Chislennost' naselenija gorodov Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://euro-glush.ru/severo-zapad/chislennost-gorodov-rossii.html.
9. Jestetika i vosprijatie goroda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://ecodelo.
org/90963_10_1_estetika_i_vospriyatie_goroda3_e k o l o g i z a t s i y a _ g o r o d o v _ s i b i r i _ p r e d p o s y l k i _vozmozhnosti_r
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Galchenkova V. Yu., Zueva E. K., Levshina K. V.
Philosophy of education as a process of designing new knowledge of pedagogy
The problem of philosophical knowledge, which determines the content of the philosophy of education, is considered, and the process of understanding the educational structure is analyzed. The role of trends in completely new approaches to the educational process, in the course of individualization and differentiation, problematic and integrative, historical and logical paths of development of scientific knowledge, value attitudes towards learning, science is determined.
Keywords: philosophy of education, pedagogy, design of the educational process.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antipin N. A. Filosofija obrazovanija: sovremennye problemy i podhody k ih resheniju // Obrazovannaja Rossija: specialist HHI veka. Problemy Rossijskogo obrazovanija na rubezhe tret'ego tysjacheletija. – SPb., 1997. – S. 111-115.
2. Gessen S. I. Osnovy pedagogiki. Vvedenie v prikladnuju filosofiju. – M., 1995.
3. Koncepcija modernizacii rossijskogo obrazovanija na period do 2010 goda. / Nauchno-metodicheskie materialy dlja regional'nyh prakticheskih seminarov. –M.: IRO, 2001-2002.
4. Filosofija obrazovanija dlja 21 v. – M., 1992.
5. Hudjakova N. L. Filosofija i razvitie obrazovanija: ucheb. posobie. – Cheljabinsk: izd-vo ChGPU, 2009.
6. “Education, Philosophy of.” In Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. E. J. Craig (pp. 231-40). – London:Routledge.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Gofman A. A., Timoschuk A. S.
Post-Soviet patriotism in search of a staples for Russia
Heroization, narrativization, symbolization, and mythologization are obligatory procedures for constructing reality. The Soviet project had a unifying force because it contained the idea of the future. People believed in the ideal, and the country was actively developing, the lives of ordinary people were visibly improving; 16 years after the terrible war, a flight into space was carried out. The authors address current trends in the development of patriotism and the idea of the unity of the nation.
Keywords: patriotism, state ideology, staples, social glue, nationalism, extremism, xenophobia, migrants.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Litvinov N. D. Mezhnacional'nye konflikty na territorii postsovetskogo prostranstva i ih vlijanie na razvitie molodezhnogo jekstremizma v Rossii // Sovremennye problemy nauki i praktiki. -2013. - # 3. - S. 287-292.
2. Kotlomanov A. O. Glavnyj hram Vooruzhennyh Sil Rossijskoj Federacii i novoe pravoslavnoe iskusstvo: problema stilja // Gumanitarnyj nauchnyj vestnik. - 2020. -# 7. -S. 199-208.
3. Markedonov S. M. Hvatit kormit' kogo? // Rossija v global'noj politike. - 2013. - # 6.
4. Nikishkin N. M., Timoshhuk A. S. Pobeda v istoricheskom processe i formirovanie novogo patriotizma // Smutnye vremena nachala XVII-XX stoletij i opyt ih preodolenija v istoricheskoj sud'be Rossii: sbornik materialov po itogam Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem 2-3 nojabrja 2020 g. g. Vladimir / Red-kol.: E. M. Petrovicheva [i dr.]. - Vladimir: Tranzit-IKS, 2020. - S. 113-117.
5. Postavit' zaslon terrorizmu i jekstremizmu, ostanovit' korrupciju // Nacional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost'. - 2008. - T. 4. - # 3 (24). - S. 32-43.
6. Timoshhuk A. S. Filosofija V. V. Putina kak protivostojanie politicheskomu hajpu // Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i social'no-jekonomicheskih nauk. - 2019. - T. 13. - # 3 (64). - S. 122-127.
7. Timoshhuk A. S. Ideologicheskoe poslevkusie bol'shoj vojny // Vojna i mir v Otechestvennoj i mirovoj istorii materialy mezhdunar. nauchnoj konferencii: v 2 t. Posvjashhaetsja 75-letiju Pobedy v Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojne. - Sankt-Peterburg, 2020. - S. 616-624.
8. Timoshhuk A. S. Memorizacija vojny i Pobedy // Velikaja Otechestvennaja vojna v istoricheskoj pamjati naroda: izuchenie, interpretacija, uroki proshlogo:sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem /Redkol.: A. A. Nikolaev (otv. red.), M. A. Semjonov(otv. sekr.) [i dr.]; In-t istorii SO RAN. - Novosibirsk: Izd-vo «Parallel'», 2020. - C. 27-34.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Zubkov S. A.
Ecophilic philosophy and Christian theological projects
The article reveals the connection between ecophilic philosophy and Christian theology. Ecophilicity in philosophy indicates respect for the natural environment and all its components, protection and protection of nature. The Christian theological systems of the world contain ecophilic philosophical elements. Christian confessions include numerous projects aimed at maintaining the stability of the planet’s ecosystems, preserving the diversity of forms of organisms, individual confessions, a non-violent approach to living things.
The influence of Christian theological views on modern society is still significant and makes it possible to form the ecological culture of mankind.
Keywords: ecophilic philosophy, Christian theology, projects.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abrams D. Kniga radosti. Kak byt' schastlivym v menjajushhemsja mire. – M.: «Mann, Ivanov i Ferber(MIF)», 2016. – 384 s.
2. Borejko V. E. Filosofy zoozashhity i prirodoohrany. – K.: Izd-vo Logos. 2012. – 180 s.
3. Zajavlenie Cerkvi ASD po Voprosu ob okruzhajushhej srede. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://esd.adventist.org/2012/03/02/zayavlenietserkvi-asd-po-voprosu-ob-okruzhayushhey-srede/(data obrashhenija: 30.09.2021)
4. Zubkov S.A., Timoshhuk A.S. Jekofil'nost', vegetarianstvo i obrazovanie // Jekologija i obrazovanie:problemy razvitija evrazijskogo informacionno-obrazovatel'nogo prostranstva: Mezhdunarodnaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija. Ufa: BGPU, 2019. S. 50-54.
5. Katolicheskaja cerkov' vvela ponjatie «jekologicheskogo greha». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://recyclemag.ru/news/katolicheskayatserkov-vvela-ponyatie-ekologicheskogo-greha (data obrashhenija: 30.09.2021)
6. Kristiansen R. Jekoteologija. – Arhangel'sk: Izd-vo Pomorskij gos. universitet imeni M.V. Lomonosova, 2002. – 297 s.
7. Osvjashhennyj Arhierejskij Sobor Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi (2-5 fevralja 2013 goda) Pozicija Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi po aktual'nym problemam jekologii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.patriarchia.ru/db/text/2775125.html (data obrashhenija: 27.09.2021)
8. Patriarh Kirill ukazal na neobhodimost' bozh'ej pomoshhi v voprose jekologii. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://lenta.ru/news/2021/09/05/helps/ (data obrashhenija: 7.10.2021)
9. Revunenkova N. Protestantizm. – M.: Izd-vo Piter, 2007. – 224 s.
10. Timoshhuk A.S. Filosofija jenergojeffektivnosti i jekologicheskoj ustojchivosti // Religii v Rossii i mire: dialog, veroterpimost' i konstruirovanie identichnosti. Sbornik nauchnyh dokladov. Ser.«Svecha - 2020». Pod redakciej professora E.I. Arinina. Vladimir: VlGU, 2020. S. 197-204.
11. Shutyj A.M.Ontologija lichnosti. Vvedenie v metafiziku obrazov. –Ul'janovsk: Izd-vo UlGTU, 2020. – 952 s.
12. Jenciklika Papy Rimskogo Franciska: O zabote ob obshhem dome. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vatican.va/content/francesco/ru/encyclicals/documents/papa-francesco_20150524_
enciclica-laudato-si.html (data obrashhenija: 28.09.2021).
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Ivanova E. V., Penionzhek E. V.
Application of philosophical knowledge in the process of investigating criminal cases in the field of crimes against property
The article analyzes various philosophical methods that are required by investigators in the process of investigating criminal cases. The question is raised: why should a lawyer study philosophy? Especially her historical and philosophical beginnings? t is concluded that the formation of a culture of thinking, the basic ideological attitudes of a lawyer, knowledge of the basic methods of cognitive activity in the investigation of robberies determines a person’s idea of his place and role in modern society when implementing the strategy of the interrogator’s behavior in diverse life situations.
Keywords: philosophical knowledge, methodology of philosophical knowledge, truth, epistemological knowledge, crime, crime against property.
Work bibliographic list
1. Artemov V.N. Nravstvennaja filosofija kak metodologicheskaja osnova i cennostnyj orientir professional'noj jetiki v prave // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2020. T. 15. # 4 (113), aprel'. S. 20-30.
2. Zyrjanov A.V. K voprosu o filosofskom podhode v pravovyh issledovanijah // Vestnik sovremennyh issledovanij. 2018. # 7-3. (22). S. 530-533.
3. Penionzhek E.V., Ivanova E.V., Nagaeva S.V. Gnoseologicheskie aspekty rassledovanija doznavateljami organov vnutrennih del otkrytogo hishhenija chuzhogo imushhestva (st.161 UK): monografija / Pod red. E.V. Penionzhek. Ekaterinburg: Ural'skij juridicheskij institut MVD Rossii, 2021. 97 s.
4. Jablokov N.P. Kriminalistika: ucheb. dlja vuzov i juridicheskih fakul'tetov. M.: Jurajt, 2015. 303 s.
5. Penionzhek E.V., Inkizhekova M.S., Mikheyeva S.N., Rasulova N.S., Ivanova E.V. Socio-philosophical aspects of the formation of conceptual thinking in foreign students as interrogating officers // Espacios.2017. T. 38. # 25. S. 20.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Abrarova Z. F., Sadretdinova E. V.
Linguistic identification in the system of ethnic identity and interethnic communications in a multiethnic region (on the example of the Republic of Bashkortostan)
The article presents some results of a standardized survey of the permanent population of the Republic of Bashkortostan conducted within the framework of the project “Preservation and development of ethnocultural and linguistic diversity of the republics as a condition for strengthening Russian federalism” under the Program of Fundamental and Applied Scientific Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences on the topic “Ethnocultural diversity of Russian society and strengthening of Russian identity (2020-2022) in 2020. The authors analyze the role and prospects of language as the basis of ethnic identification. The levels of linguistic communicative competence in the native language are characterized and social and socio-cultural factors-determinants of linguistic communicative competence are determined. The individual-personal and social prospects of preserving and reproducing the role of the language of an ethnic group in the processes of identification and formation of ethnic identity in a multiethnic society are analyzed.
Keywords: identification, ethnic identity, native language, factors of ethnoidentification, polyethnic society, interethnic communications.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Shajhislamov R. B., Sadretdinova Je. V., Asadullina G. R. Konstrukty «rodnoj jazyk» v predstavlenijah zhitelej megapolisa (na primere g. Ufy) // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Jekonomika. Sociologija. Politika. - 2020. - # 3. - S. 36.
2. Shajhislamov R. B., Sadretdinova Je. V., Korovkina N. V. Jetnicheskaja i grazhdanskaja identifikacija v kommunikativnom prostranstve polijetnicheskogo regiona: monografija / Pod red. R. B. Shajhislamova. - Ufa: RIC BashGU, 2016. - S. 69-70.
3. Vserossijskaja perepis' naselenija 2010 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rosstat.gov.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Bagrova E. V., Musabirova E. I.
Inefficiency of the existing law enforcement system
The article examines the existing justice system, including the police and the punishment of perpetrators. Its key shortcomings are identified and the reasons for inefficiency are explained. The context of national communities, initially characteristic of the USA, but currently widespread around the world due to the increased scale of migration flows, is also considered. These national-cultural communities should become part of the new law enforcement system.
Keywords: law enforcement system, national communities, migration, efficiency, police.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Prohorova E. N. Razvitie pravoohranitel'noj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii v sovremennyh uslovijah // Vestnik Kaliningradskogo filiala Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2018.– # 4. – S. 77-81.
2. Sativaldyev R. Sh. Dinamizm pravoohranitel'noj sistemy // Trudy Akademii MVD Respubliki Tadzhikistan. – 2018. – # 3. – S. 56-65.
3. Shul'c V. L. i dr. Scenarnyj analiz problem transformacii pravoohranitel'noj sistemy v uslovijah cifrovizacii // Voprosy bezopasnosti. – 2019. – # 4.
4. Davoodi E., Badinloo A., Akbari R. The Effect of Applying the Law Enforcement System on Managing Crime Prevention // Police Management Studies Quarterly. –2019. – T. 14. – # 4. – S. 677-698.
5. Dzhorobekova A. M. et al. The Role of a Systemic Approach in Understanding the Law Enforcement System// Religación. – T. 4. – S. 195-198.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Kostina О. V., Kuznetsova M. B.
On issue of understanding culture in the digital age (energy aspect)
Culture in the digital age is a hybrid reality, like the fusion of technology with the mental and behavioral attitudes of a person. The scale of technological changes and their negative consequences for a person raises the question of the ideal side of culture, which needs transcending, an appeal to an external source, which allows one to find the authenticity and originality of both artefacts and the person himself. The connection with the source is revealed as the energetic beginning of culture, which is the concentration of symbolic meanings and ontological coordinates. Different areas and topics give different types of energies from higher energies in the first area to the voidness of the virtual one. Spiritual topics, where a person seeks to transcend, have the highest form-creating and transforming energy.
Keywords: culture, transcendence, energy, source, digital transformation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agamben D. Chelovek bez soderzhanija. – M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2018. – 160 s.
2. Balash A. N. Podlinnost' proizvedenija iskusstva v kul'ture XX – XXI v.: konceptual'nyj i institucional'nyj aspekty. Avtoref. … doktora kul'turologii.– SPb., 2018. – 51 s.
3. Beljaev I. A. Koncepcija kul'tury D. V. Pivovarova //Intellekt. Innovacii. Investicii. – 2016. – # 10. – S.14-17.
4. Ben'jamin V. Ozarenija. – M.: Martis, 2000. – 376 s.
5. Galkin D. V. Ot kiberneticheskih avtomatov k iskusstvennoj zhizni: teoreticheskie i istoriko-kul'turnye aspekty formirovanija cifrovoj kul'tury: Avtoref. … doktora filos. nauk. – Tomsk, 2013. – 51 s.
6. Leshkevich T. G. Cifrovye transformacii jepohi v proekcii ih vozdejstvija na sovremennogo cheloveka. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/tsifrovye-transformatsii-epohi-vproektsii-ih-vozdeystviya-na-sovremennogo-cheloveka/viewer (data obrashhenija: 01.11.2021).
7. Pivovarov D. V. Kul'tura i religija: Tri modeli bazisa kul'tury// Religiovedenie. – 2011. – # 2. – S. 137-148.
8. Podoroga B. V. Logos i protez: teorija tret'ej pamjati Bernarda Stiglera// Vestnik Severnogo (Arkticheskogo) federal'nogo universiteta. Ser.: Gumanit. i soc.nauki. – 2020. – # 6. – S. 90-99. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://journals.narfu.ru/index.php/gum/article/view/429 (data obrashhenija: 02.11.2021).
9. Stigler B. Duh Prosveshhenija v jepohu filosofskoj inzhenerii – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://moscowartmagazine.com/issue/81/article/1775 (data obrashhenija: 02.11.2021).
10. Hajdegger M. Raboty i razmyshlenija raznyh let. – M.:Izd-vo «Gnozis», 1993. –464 s.
11. Hajdegger M. O pojetah i pojezii: Gel'derlin. Ril'ke. Trakl'. –M.: Vodolej, 2017. –240 s.
12. Friauf V. A. Jazykovaja paradigma russkoj filosofii// Izvestija Saratovskogo un-ta. –2010. –T. 10. Ser. Filosofija. Psihologija. Pedagogika. –Vyp. 3. –S. 49-55.
13. Horuzhij S. S. Rod ili nedorod? Zametki k ontologii virtual'nosti // Vopr. filosofii. –1997. –# 6. –S.53-68.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Kuleshov V. E., Danilchenko S. A.
Army and politics
The article deals with the relationship between the army and political actors in the context of the military violence use to conquer and grip on power. The need to use the army in this area arises
in conditions of political instability, when legitimate methods of struggle for power do not work. With a well-tried and legal change of government, military violence is not required. But even in this case, the army remains in the sphere of politics, since it is subordinate to the state as the main political institution.
Keywords: army, politics, state, military violence, power, ethics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Voennaja politologija. – M.: VU, 2000. – 156 s.
2. Gobbs T. Leviafan, ili materija, forma i vlast' gosudarstva cerkovnogo i grazhdanskogo // Chelovek: Mysliteli proshlogo i nastojashhego o ego zhizni, smerti i bessmertii. – M.: Politizdat, 1991. – S. 328 - 334.
3. Il'in I. O sile, meche i pravednosti // Hristoljubivoe voinstvo: Pravoslavnaja tradicija Russkoj Armii. – M.: Russkij put', 2006. – S. 42 - 63.
4. Kamju A. Buntujushhij chelovek. – M.: Politizdat, 1990. – 415 s.
5. Klauzevic Karl fon. O vojne. Izbrannoe. – M.: Izdatel'stvo AST, 2018. – 352 s.
6. Leshhenko V. Put' na ploshhad' Tjan'an'mjen' // Argumenty nedeli. – 2012. – 7 ijunja.
7. Makiavelli N. Gosudar'. – M.: Planeta, 1990. – 87 s.
8. Platonov S. F. Lekcii po russkoj istorii. Petrozavodsk: Izdatel'stvo AO «Folium», 1996. – 838 s.
9. Sartr Zh.-P. Jekzistencializm – jeto gumanizm // Sumerki bogov: sbornik proizvedenij. – M.: Politizdat, 1989. – S. 319 - 345.
10. Semin V. P. Istorija Rossii. – M.: KNORUS, 2013.– 440 s.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Mayatskaya O. B., Abrarova Z. F.
Language in the age of artificial intelligence, digital environment and digital communications
The article examines the digital environment and digital communications from the point of view of the formation of digital reality and mental infrastructure, built by technologies for the formation of consciousness and social networks. The authors investigate the tools of hyperpersonalization, the problem of the loss of the unique meaning of the language, fragmentation, “clip-like consciousness”, “zipping”, the personification of the digital world of a person, its “inclusion” in various new constantly created “ecosystems”, the transformation of the structure of information consumption, the unification of texts, simplification language, reduction of genres, reduction of the level of needs and demands of the audience. It was determined that the digital environment contributed to the emergence of such a variety of text as a media text, with a different type of author and characteristic features.
Keywords: philosophy of language, digital age, artificial intelligence, language, communication, digital communications, fragmentation, clip consciousness, “clip culture”, “zipping”, information shock, digital reality.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ashihmina T. V. Metody obuchenija studentov, obladajushhih klipovym myshleniem // Nauchno-metodicheskij jelektronnyj zhurnal «Koncept». - 2016. - T.17. - S. 706-710. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://e-koncept.ru/2016/46316.htm.
2. Vitgenshtejn L. Logiko-filosofskij traktat. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:
livelib.ru: https://www.livelib.ru/quote/42322395-logikofilosofskij-traktat-lyudvig-vitgenshtejn.
3. Znachenie jazyka v jepohu iskusstvennogo intellekta. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://monocler.ru/znachenie-yazyika-v-epohuiskusstvennogo-intellekta/
4. Navoloka Ju. S. Hjeshteg kak sredstvo samoprezentacii publichnoj persony v social'noj seti «Instagram» // Nauchnaja mysl' Kavkaza. - 2017. - # 4.- S. 133-135. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/heshteg-kak-sredstvosamoprezentatsii-publichnoy-persony-v-sotsialnoyseti-instagram.
5. Toffler Je. Tret'ja volna / Je. Toffler. - M.: Izd-vo«AST», 1999. - 261 s.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Musabirova E. I.
Online education as a challenge to modern society
The article examines modern education in the context of the need to switch to an online or hybrid format in an extremely short time. At the same time, such a format should become key in the near future and is unlikely to disappear in the foreseeable future. However, at the moment there is no successful experience in the field of online education. The combination of these factors is a challenge to the modern educational system, especially at the level of higher education.
Keywords: education, quality of education, experience, online format.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Ahmedov B. A. O razvitii navykov interaktivnyh onlajn-kursov v distancionnyh uslovijah sovremennogo obshhestva (model'-programma dlja prepodavatelej obrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenij) // Universum: tehnicheskie nauki. – 2020. – # 12-1 (81).
2. Kovalev V. V., Kas'janov V. V., Manucharjan A. K. Onlajn-obrazovanie v vysshej shkole Rossii: faktor razrushenija ili istochnik razvitija? // Gumanitarij Juga Rossii. – 2020. – T. 9. – # 3.
3. Markova E. S., Kuznecov M. M. Razvitie rynka onlajn-obrazovanija // Aktual'nye problemy i perspektivy razvitija jekonomiki: rossijskij i zarubezhnyj opyt. – 2020. – # 5. – S. 34-38.
4. Minina V. N. Cifrovizacija vysshego obrazovanija i ee social'nye rezul'taty // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Sociologija. – 2020.– T. 13. – # 1. – S. 84-101.
5. Shherbakov N. V., Kirillova S. S. O vnedrenii onlajn-kursov v obrazovatel'nyj process universiteta // Nauka i Obrazovanie. – 2020. – T. 3. – # 1
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Openkov M. Yu., Tetenkov N. B.
Recreating human society and digital States on the web
The article discusses the problems associated with the reconstruction of human society in social networks, which have revolutionized the functioning of institutions and ways of human communication. The authors believe that humanity is at the beginning of the era of the formation of digital empires. Modern society is a field of struggle between traditional state institutions and digital empires, and the result of this struggle is not foreseen.
Keywords: social networks, digital empire, human society, Facebook, Twitter, Adams, Dunbar.
Work bibliographic list
1. Berezkin Ju. E. Berezkin Ju. E. Inki. Istoricheskij opyt imperii. – L.: Nauka, 1991. – S. 45.
2. Gottshall Dzh. Kak storitelling sdelal nas ljud'mi. – M.: KoLibri, Azbuka-Attikus, 2020. – S. 14-15, 218.
3. Openkov M. Ju. Hakni budushhee: vvedenie v filosofiju obshhestva znanij. Kurs lekcij dlja studentov filosofskih fakul'tetov. – MOO VPP JuNESKO «Informacija dlja vseh», 2007. – S. 106-126.
4. Stivenson N. Lavina. – M.: OOO «Izdatel'stvo AST», 2003. – S. 29.
5. Chislo Danbara. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://networking24.ru/networking/chislodanbara-150-druzey/.
6. 10 faktov iz statistiki Twitter, o kotoryh stoit znat' v 2020 godu. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lpgenerator.ru/blog/2020/01/21/10-faktov-izstatistiki-twitter-o-kotoryh-stoit-znat-v-2020-.
7. James Muldoon Regulating Big Tech is not enough. We need platform socialism. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/regulating-big-tech-is-not-enough-we-need-platformsocialism/.
8. The battle to control the metaverse: Microsoft vs Meta. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.ft.com/content/46d00829-04bc-4136-992e-856975bbccca.
9. What is the metaverse? A high-tech plan to Facebookify the world. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://theconversation.com/what-is-the-metaverse-ahigh-tech-plan-to-facebookify-the-world-165326.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Parilov O. V., Sobko R. V.,
Vorokhobov A. V., Dyakonov A. V.
Russian freemason M. M. Shcherbatov:a manifesto of Russian conservatism, traditionalism
In the second half of the 18th century, a unique trend of moderate-conservative Freemasonry was formed among the Russian nobility, disappointed both in the Russian Orthodox Church and in the “advanced” European ideas. The most prominent Conservative Mason was M. M. Shcherbatov. This nationally-oriented thinker argued: the rejection of tradition, the loss of the faith of the fathers inevitably led to the damage of the mores in Russia.
Keywords: Enlightenment, conservative freemasonry, philosophy of M.M. Shcherbatov, national tradition.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zen'kovskij V. V. Istorija russkoj filosofii: V 2 t.- L.: «JeGO», 1991. - T. 1. - Ch. 1. - 221 s.
2. Parilov O. V., Treushnikov I. A. Problema «Zapad –Vostok» v russkoj religioznoj filosofii XIX – nachala XX veka. - N. Novgorod: NJuI MVD RF, 1999. - 146s.
3. Shaposhnikov L. E., Pushkin S. N., Kas'jan A. A., Parilov O. V i dr. Teologija. - N. Novgorod: Nizhegorodskij gosudarstvennyj pedagogicheskij universitet im. K. Minina, 2015. - 166 s.
4. Shherbatov M. M. Puteshestvie v zemlju Ofirskuju.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://az.lib.ru/s/sherbatow_m_m/text_1784_puteshestvie_v_zemlyu_ofirskuyu.shtml (data obrashhenija: 27.10.2021).
5. Shherbatov M. M. Statistika v rassuzhdenii Rossii /Soch. kn. M. M. Shherbatova; [Predisl.: M. Zablockij]. –M.: Univ. tip., 1859. – 96 s.
6. Shherbatov M. M. O povrezhdenii nravov v Rossii.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.litmir.me/br/?b=83535&p=1 (data obrashhenija:27.10.2021).
7. Kusber Ja. Cultural transfer as a field for the observation of historical cultural studies. The example of the Russian Empire // Quaestio Rossica. - 2014. - No 2. - P. 233-251. –DOI 10.15826/qr.2014.2.052.
8. Önnerfors A., Collis R. Freemasonry and fraternalism in eighteenth-century Russia. - Sheffield: University of Sheffield, 2009.
9. Pashkurov A. N., Razzhivin A. I., Dulalaeva I. Y. Trinitarian thought strategies in freemasonry religious teachings on the phenomenon formation stages in Russia// European Journal of Science and Theology. - 2018. - Vol.14. - No 4. - P. 73-84.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Pugin V. B.
Quality of life: the edge of problems in the focus of philosophy
The evolution of the category “quality of life” is considered both in the temporal aspect and in the differences in the views of scientists.
The main approaches to the interpretation of the “quality of life” category and its definition in different hour intervals are analyzed. The constituent elements of the “quality of life” category have been determined. The multidimensionality of the category “quality of life” and its multidimensionality have been proved. Highlighted the component parts into which the category of component definitions is divided. The modern problems of the implementation of the concept of the quality of life are outlined.
Keywords: quality of life, well-being, standard of living, satisfaction of needs, philosophical approach.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gjelbrejt D. K. Obshhestvo blaga. Pora gumannosti. -M.: ID «Sokrovishha», 2003. - 160 s.
2. Zolotuhin V. M., Kozlova M. V., Shhennikov V. P. Social'no-filosofskaja interpretacija kachestva zhizni // Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2012. - # 2 (50). - S. 151-155.
3. Kachestvo zhizni naselenija regiona: analiz, prognozirovanie, social'naja politika. Monografija/ Pod red. V. G. Nikiforenka, MONMS Ukrainy. Odesskij nac. jekonomicheskij un-tet. - Odessa, 2012.- 316 s.
4. Majakova A. V. Kachestvo zhizni kak kategorija sovremennoj filosofii kachestva // Jekonomika kachestva. - 2015. - # 3-4 (11–12). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://eq-journal.ru/pdf/11/%D0%9C%D0%B0%D1%8F%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%
B2%D0%B0%20%D0%90.%20%D0%92..pdf.
5. Horas'kina N. S. Kachestvo zhizni kak social'no-filosofskaja kategorija: Avtoreferat diss. kand. filosofskih nauk: 09.00.11. - Cheboksary, 2009. - 19 s.
6. Dalkey NC, Rourke DL The Delphi procedure and rating quality of life factors. Univ. California LA; 1972.
7. Galloway S., Bell D., HamiltonC. and Scullion A. (2005),“Well-being and quality of life: measuring the benefits of culture and sport: a literature review and thinkpiece”, Scottish Executive Social Research, 160 p.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Ravochkin N. N.
Human rights institution formation and transformation:socio-philosophical analysis (part 1)
The article provides a socio-philosophical analysis of the formation of the institution of human rights in the Ancient World and the Middle Ages. To reveal the stated goal, the author turns to the theories of Aristotle and F. Aquinas. The essential features of human rights in the noted epochs have been established and the features of their transformation have been traced.
Keywords: human rights, society, institution, law, politics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aristotel' Politika. Sochinenija v chetyreh tomah. T. 4. – M.: Mysl', 1984. – S. 375-644.
2. Bagdasarov V.Ju. Prava cheloveka v Rossijskoj imperii: Voprosy istorii otechestvennoj mysli. –Stavropol': Stavrop. gos. un-t, 1996. – 121 s.
3. Garnik A.V. Problema estestvennogo prava u Aristotelja (sovremennye podhody i interpretacii)// Vestnik Priazovskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnicheskogo universiteta. Serija: Tehnicheskie nauki. –1998. – # 05. – S. 209-212.
4. Golikov A.K. Filosofsko-politicheskie i pravovye osnovy uchenija Fomy Akvinskogo // Trudy Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta kul'tury i iskusstv. – 2008. – T. 180. – S. 57-63.
5. Kirichek E.V. Stanovlenie i razvitie prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina: filosofsko-pravovoe izmerenie // Juridicheskaja nauka i pravoohranitel'naja praktika. – 2011. – # 2 (16). – S. 13-22.
6. Ravochkin N.N. Rol' idej v stanovlenii i transformacii politiko-pravovyh institutov: teoretiko-metodologicheskie i prikladnye aspekty. – Kemerovo: KuzGTU, 2021. — 258 s.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Tvorogova N. N.
Constructive conflict in activities of internal affairs officers
The article discusses the positive functions of the conflict in intragroup and intergroup relations. Conflict is defined as a constructive phenomenon that promotes the development of interpersonal relations and the progress of society as a whole. The positive influence of the conflict on the development of personality is noted.
Keywords: conflict, conflict situation, constructive function, conflict functions, competition, cooperation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vasiljuk F. E. Zhiznennyj mir i krizis: tipologicheskij analiz kriticheskih situacij // Psihologicheskij zhurnal. - 1995. - # 3. - S. 90-101.
2. Gajdaj M. K Sluzhba v ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sisteme Rossii glazami ee sotrudnikov // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossii. - 2016. - # 2 (77). - S. 70-77.
3. Grishina N. V. Psihologija konflikta. 2-e izd. -SPb.: Piter, 2008. - 544 s.
4. Dmitriev A. V. Konfliktologija. - M.: Gardariki, 2000. - 320 s.
5. Nezhkina L. Ju. K voprosu o konfliktah v dejatel'nosti uchastkovogo upolnomochennogo policii //Dejatel'nost' pravoohranitel'nyh organov v sovremennyh uslovijah: sbornik materialov XXVI mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - Irkutsk, 2021. - S. 343–345
6. Povarnin S. I. Iskusstvo spora. O teorii i praktike spora. - Izd.: Marksistsko-leninskoe rabochee dvizhenie «Rabochij put'», 2018. - 114 s.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Shutaleva A. V., Tsiplakova Yu. V., Putilova E. A.
Law and morality in the philosophical and religious search of domestic thinkers of the end of the 19th – beginning of the 20th centuries
The article is devoted to the problem of finding the correlation between law and morality in the works of Russian thinkers of the late 19th - early 20th centuries. The authors analyze the work of V.S. Solovyov and N.A. Berdyaev. Using the experience of Western thinkers as a basis, they come to the idea of the primacy of individual moral and ethical values over legal norms. The author notes the formalismof the legal sphere, which turns out to be secondary for domestic thinkers who have made a choice in favor of creativity, freedom, and a collective person.
Keywords: Russian philosophy, philosophy of law, religious philosophy, all-unity, morality, law, creation, freedom, values.
Work bibliographic list
1. Berdjaev N.A. Smysl tvorchestva // Berdjaev N.A. Filosofija tvorchestva, kul'tury i iskusstva. V 2-h t. T.1. M.: Iskusstvo, 1994. S. 37-342.
2. Garaeva G.F. Analiz sushhnosti pravovogo gosudarstva v filosofii prava N.A. Berdjaeva // Obshhestvo, politika, jekonomika, pravo. 2016. # 11. S. 113-115.
3. Kistjakovskij B.A. V zashhitu prava // Vehi. Sbornik statej o russkoj intelligencii N.A. Berdjaeva, S.N. Bulgakova, M.O. Gershenzona, A.S. Izgoeva, B.A. Kistjakovskogo, P.B. Struve. S.L. Franka. M., 1990.
4. Licuk A.A. Filosofija prava B.A. Kistjakovskogo //Vestnik Nizhnevartovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2010. # 2. C. 3-6.
5. Sizemskaja I. N. Russkij personalizm // Filosofskaja antropologija. Jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2019. T. 5. # 1. S. 189-206.
6. Solov'ev V.S. Opravdanie dobra. Nravstvennaja filosofija // Solov'ev V.S.Sochinenija v 2 t. T. 1. M.:Mysl', 1990. S. 47-548.
7. Frolova E. A. Teoretiko-pravovye nauki: edinstvo zadachi pri mnogoobrazii metodov // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2020. # 4 C. 38-46 doi: 10.31857/S013207690009226-0
8. Kramer M. What is legal philosophy? // Metaphilosophy 2012. # 43 (1-2). R. 125-134. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9973.2012.01726.x
9. McKinlay B. Revelation in Nicolas Berdyaev’s Religious Philosophy // Open Theology. 2017. # 3 (1). R. 117-133. DOI:10.1515/opth-2017-0009
10. McLachlan J. Nicolas Berdyaev’s Existentialist Personalism The Personalist Forum Vol. 8, No. 1, Supplement: Studies in Personalist Philosophy. Proceedings of the Conference on Persons ,Published By: University of Illinois Press. 1992. R. 57-65.
11. Pavlov V. Personalism of Nikolay Berdyaev’s Philosophy and French Personalism // Russian Thouqht in Europe : Reception, Polemics, Development. Krakow: Widawnictwo WAM, 2013. R. 307-317.
12. Vatter M. The People Shall Be Judge: Reflective Judgment and Constituent Power in Kant’s Philosophy of Law // Political Theory. Vol. 39. No. 6 (December 2011). R. 749-776 doi.org/10.1177/0090591711419320.
13. Vizgin V. Berdyaev and Marsel in the Cultural Context of Prewar France // Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences. 2018. # 1. R. 44-67. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.30727/0235-1188-2018-1-44-67.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Tumanyan G. V.
Anthroposociality in a philosophical context. Anthropocentric public administration as a trend of a new sociality
This article examines the phenomenon of anthroposociality as a tendency in postmodern society; today all social transformations occur under the influence of the central position of the actor-individual. The public administration system is aware of the need to implement internal changes that correspond to the real circumstances and the needs of the actors. It is thanks to this that we are witnessing a large number of different management transformations. In such a society, an anthropocentric public administration takes root, aimed at satisfying the demands and needs of the actor. This article examines the development of anthropocentricity from the time of its emergence in Antiquity to the present state. We can safely say that the main manifestations of anthropocentric public administration are:service orientation of public administration and various participatory management technologies. In postmodern society, it is important to consider the ongoing changes in the context of philosophical knowledge.
Keywords: anthropocentricity, anthroposociality, governance, public administration, philosophy, postmodernity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vasil'eva E. G. Mezhdu tehnologiej i institutami:osobennosti vvedenija jelektronnogo pravitel'stva v Volgogradskoj oblasti // Logos et praxis. – 2019. –# 8. – S. 52-64.
2. Efremenko D. V. Social'nye i gumanitarnye nauki. Otechestvennaja i zarubezhnaja literatura:RZh. Ser. 11, Sociologija. – 2008. – # 3. – S. 5-11.– Ref. st.: Touraine A. Sociology after sociology //European j. of social theory. – Brighton, 2007. – # 10(2). – P. 184-193.
3. Lapin N. I. Antroposocietal'nyj podhod // Zhurnal sociologii i social'noj antropologii. – 2006.– # 3. – S. 25-42.
4. Martynova S. Je. «Servisnaja» model' municipal'nogo upravlenija v sociologicheskoj interpretacii. – SPb.: Social'no-gumanitarnoe znanie, 2015.– 348 s.
5. Tumanjan G. V. Antroposocietal'nyj podhod v kontekste transformacij paradigmy publichnogo upravlenija. Partisipativnoe upravlenie v «servisnom» gosudarstve // Vestnik Moskovskogo gumanitarno-jekonomicheskogo instituta. – 2020. – # 1.– S. 206-219.
6. Tumanjan G. V. Jelektronnoe partisipativnoe upravlenie i ego vlijanie na kul'turu grazhdanskogo uchastija // Gosudarstvennoe i municipal'noe upravlenie. Uchenye zapiski. – 2020. – # 2. – S. 298-302.
7. Allen B., Tamindael L., Bickerton S., Cho W. Does citizen coproduction lead to better urban services in smart cities projects? An empirical study on e-participation in a mobile big data platform // Government Information Quarterly. – 2020. – # 1. – Article # 101412.

Philosophy . Law . Society
Pozdyaeva S. M.
Socialization of the personality in parallel social spaces:expansion of the life world or the apotheosis of performance
The article analyzes the features of personality formation in the information age. The author focuses on the idea of parallel existence of social and virtual space, proving that in modern conditions the parameters of personality formation change significantly. The author examines the features of socialization of a person in a virtual social space, which are formed by the “consumer society”, and comes to the conclusion that they are a negative result of the loss by social institutions of the real social space of the values, norms and ideals of previous generations.
Keywords: socialization, cyber socialization, real social space, virtual social space, consumer society, needs, social continuity.
Workbibliographiclist
1. Gimalova I.V. Social'noe prostranstvo v seti Internet: osobennosti podachi i potreblenija media-kontenta na novostnyh sajtah i v social'nyh setjah// Nauchnyj progress kak faktor kljuchevogo razvitija sfery znanij: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov. – Kazan', 2020. – 422 s. – S. 389-394.
2. Zhdanova T.A., Chernojarova N.S. Vlijanie virtual'noj sredy na socializaciju sovremennoj molodezhi // Uchenye zametki TOGU. – 2015. – Tom 6. # 2.– S. 121-127.
3. Pleshakov V.L. Kibersocializacija cheloveka: ot HomoSapiens’a do HomoCyberus’a. – Moskva: Prometej, 2012. – 270 s.
4. Pleshakov V.L. Kibersocializacija cheloveka v informacionnom prostranstve // Informacija i obrazovanie: granicy kommunikacii. -INFO-2009Zh Sbornik nauchnyh trudov. – Gorno-Altajsk, RIO GAGU, 2009. – S. 51-52.
5. Pozdjaeva S.M. Prichiny konflikta cennostnyh sistem v uslovijah modernizacii sovremennoj Rossii// Problemy rossijskogo samosoznanija: narod, intelligencija, vlast': Materialy 8 Vserossijskoj konferencii (Moskva-Ufa, 31maja-2 ijunja 2011 g.).
– M., 2011. – 422 s. – S. 389-394.
6. Serova E.A. Osobennosti socializacii lichnosti v uslovijah cifrovogo obshhestva // Cb. nauchnyh statej. pod obshh. red. A. V. Sokolova, A. A. Vlasovoj. – Jaroslavl', Izd-vo: Cifrovaja tipografija, 2019. – 175 c.– C. 140-142.
7. Jankina M.N. Social'nye seti v zhizni sovremennogo podrostka // Socializacija v global'nom mire: vyzovy sovremennosti. Sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (Kaluga, 20-21 maja 2021 goda) / Otv. red.I.P. Krasnoshhechenko, I.I Pacakula. – Kaluga, Izd-vo Kaluzhskogo gos. Un-ta im. K.Je. Ciolkovskogo, 2021. – 436 s. – S. 357-362.
 
Philosophy . Law . Society
Suleymanova R. Р.
Charity crowdfunding as a form of social communication
Charity crowdfunding is a collective collaboration of people who voluntarily pool their resources to help people in need. Social communication as the interaction of people involves action, participation, activity. Modern Internet resources using the concept of crowdfunding are one of the most promising and innovative areas for the development of charity, in particular, social projects and initiatives.
Keywords: crowdfunding, charity, Internet platform, Internet resources, investments, nonprofit charitable educational foundation “Marhamat”, information technologies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Balyhin M.G., Generalova A.V. Kraudfanding – platforma podderzhki nauchnyh razrabotok // Sociologicheskie issledovanija. – 2015. – # 9. – S. 57-61.
2. Garipova G.R. Sociokul'turnye osnovy reklamnoj dejatel'nosti // Obshhestvo: filosofija, istorija, kul'tura. – 2019. – # 12 (68). – S. 26-29.
3. Gimadeev V.V. Kraudfanding i perspektivy ego razvitija: pravovoj aspekt // Rossijskoe pravo onlajn.– 2019. – # 3-4. – S. 72-85.
4. Karagodina O.A. Internet-blagotvoritel'nost' kak social'nyj fenomen sovremennogo rossijskogo obshhestva // Novyj universitet. Serija: Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i obshhestvennyh nauk.– 2012. – # 9. – S. 26-29.
5. Martirosjan R.M. Innovacionnye modeli privlechenija vnebjudzhetnyh sredstv v social'no-kul'turnuju sferu: fandrajzing, kraudfanding, jendaument.– M.: RUSAINS, 2020.
6. Nekrasova T.P., Shumejko E.V. Jekonomicheskaja ocenka kraudfandinga kak metoda privlechenija investicij// Nauchno-tehnicheskie vedomosti SPbGPU. Jekonomicheskie nauki. – 2017. – T. 10. # 5. – S. 114-124.
7. Peshkova N.N. Tradicionnye i innovacionnye formy blagotvoritel'nosti v Rossii // Omskij nauchnyj vestnik. – 2011. – # 101. – S. 43-46.
8. Strokova A. A. Kraudfanding v Rossii: sushhnost' i perspektivy razvitija // Problemy i perspektivy jekonomiki i upravlenija: materialy V Mezhdunar. nauch. konf. (g. Sankt-Peterburg, dekabr' 2016 g.). – SPb.: Svoe izdatel'stvo, 2016. – S. 58-61.
9. Fomin Je.A., Chikadze E.Z. Blagotvoritel'nost' kak sociokul'turnyj fenomen v Rossii. – SPb.: Piter, 1999
 
BOOK REVIEW
Saliya M. R.
A textbook that everyone needs. Book review: Bekyashev K. A. Fundamentals of international law: a textbook. - M.: Prospect, 2022. - 624 p.
The review evaluates the textbook «Fundamentals of International Law» wrote by a Ph.D. in Law, professor, Honoured worker of science of the Russian Federation, Honoured lawyer of the Russian Federation K. A. Bekyashev. The book is the final element of the fundamental trilogy of the author’s educational literature on international law.
Keywords: internationallaw, doctrine, textbook.

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