CONTENT OF NUMBER
AND SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES

EURASIAN LAW JOURNAL №12(163)2021

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PERSONA GRATA
D.I. Dedov:
Judge of the European Court of Human Rights on the enduring value of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Devoted to the occasion is the interview with the Judge of the European Court of Human Rights dr Dmitry Dedov

INTERNATIONAL LAW
Nigmatullin R.V., Ishmeeva A.S.
Poverty Eradication as a Priority Indicator of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals
Pimenova S.D.
Provisional measures in the case-law of international courts and tribunals: comparative legal analysis
Pokrovskaia N.V.
Recognition and protection of copyright objects under the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
Grinevich A.V.
International Association of Independent Tanker Owners’ activity in improvement of international law of the sea
Kadysheva O.V.
On the legal personality of private persons in international law
Koshkin V.A.
Delineation of the outer limits of the continental shelf in the Arctic Ocean: some reasons for criticism
Marchenko A.Yu.
Comparison of the legal regulation of artificial intelligence under EU law and international law
Nemchinova T.S., Muzalev A.A., Simonov A.S.
The role of education in the transformation of the economic behavior of the indigenous peoples of the North on the agenda of Russia’s chairmanship in the Arctic Council
Tulupova E.O., Demidova T.K., Vasiljev A.V.
Problems of islamization of European countries
Chernyadjeva N.A.
Category “environmental safety” in the doctrine of international law and international legal documents
Vakhitova R.Z.
Russia’s participation in the formation of a regime to ensure global energy security in the Middle East
Batalov A.A.
Some aspects of interaction between universal and regional mechanisms of cooperation in international air law
 
EUROPEAN LAW
Ariiantc A.A.
Scientific foundations as subjects of grant financing of science and technology: a comparative legal analysis
 
THE LAW OF FOREIGN STATES
Bazina O.O.
Personal data protection in the European Union and China. Social Credit System of the People’s Republic of China
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Besova N.N., Veramovich Ya.S., Menshikov P.V.
The current stage of development of tax legal relations in the Russian Federation
Bayniyazova Z.S.
On the importance of legal policy for the development of the Russian legal system
Golovastova Yu.A., Vidova T.A., Mityaeva Yu.V.
On the question of the formation of new branches of law
Dorofeeva M.A., Miroshnichenko O.I.
Some trends in the legal regulation of the Institute of online education. Part 1
Ivanets G.I.
Influence of processes of formation of legal consciousness on deviating and deviant behavior of personality
Mamichev V.N., Sostin D.I.
Digitalization and its impact on the legal consciousness of young people
Mustafin I.R.
The path to a social state through amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation
Mukhametov P.A., Khakimov S.K.
Protection of objects of historical and cultural heritage in modern history: problems of law enforcement (on the example of the Republic of Bashkortostan)
Petyukova O.N.
The role of federal constitutional justice in protecting the pension rights of citizens in the context of amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation
Prys I.E.
Constitutionalism of the contemporary Russian political regime in Russia
Chanbarisov A.T.
Legal framework for countering illegal migration in modern Russia
Falkina T.Yu., Alimpiev S.A.
Legal policy in the field of digitalization of law
Besova N.N., Volokitina Ya.V., Mokhorov D.A.
Formation of the tax system and the institute of tax legal relations in Russia
Potokin Yu.N.
Place and role of German law in integration processes
Ganieva D.Z.
Constitutional and legal regulation of economic relations in the conditions of digitalization in modern Russia
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kutushev G.Z.
Legal regulation of personnel policy in the system of correctional labor institutions of the Bashkir ASSR in the early 50s of the 20th century
Mikheeva S.N.
Features of the legal status of special settlers in the Urals in the early 30s of the 20th century
Saidova M.Z.
On the question of the role of Uzun-haji Emirate in the events of 1919-1920 in the North Caucasus
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Emelyantsev A.E.
Topical issues of professional development of participants in the regional legislative process in the Republic of Crimea
Aboyan A.A., Gordeev K.V., ParinD.V.
The abolition of constitutional (statutory) courts through the prism of the organization of a unified system of public power
Hamidova A.F.
Constitutional laws in the legal system of the Republic of Azerbaijan
Dibirov Yu.S.
On the question of the stages of constitutionalization of the Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation
Ibragimova A.N.
Decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation and regional legislation in the field of organizing and holding public events
Nesmeyanova S. E.
Another step towards electronic justice
Polevshchikova A. S.
Legal framework of participation of the federal executive authorities in the legislative process
Romanovskiy G. B., Romanovskiy V. G.
Law, counter terrorism and the securitization of society
Fedorenko V. I.
The legal policy of the Russian state in the field of freedom of economic activity during the COVID-19 pandemic
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Andriukhina I. Yu., Pekhova L. S.
Modern personnel approaches in the system of state and municipal service
Biyarslanova A. M.
The role of the commissions on juvenile affairs and the protection of their rights in the prevention of juvenile delinquency, prospects for the modernization of administrative activities
Dibirov Yu. S., Omarov A. I.
Actual problems of the development of the legislative framework for the administrative and legal status of foreign persons and persons without citizenship at the present stage
Keramova S. N.
Problems of delimiting administrative and criminal liability for violation of traffic rules
Kirillovykh A. A., Korotaeva A. G.
On the issue of improving the control and supervisory mechanism at the present stage of administrative reform
Mikhaylov M. Ya.
Elements of supervision and problems of liability of persons subject to control within the exercise of administrative supervision of persons released from places of detention
Amkuab K. G.
The place, role and functions of strategic planning in the system of public administration: institutional and administrative aspect
Biyarslanova A. M.
Corruption in public service
Gatsolati V. E.
State registration of NGOs: administrative procedures in Russia and in the countries of the European Union
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Ibrakhim M. M., Pavlov N. V.
Legal features of european municipal systems
Gripp E. H., Yakhina Yu. H.
On the issue of improving the legal regulation of local issues of intra-city municipalities of Federal cities (on the example of St. Petersburg)
Omran Bashar
Decentralization of local administration in the Syrian Arab Republic
Ustinova E. A., Okuneva A. N., Pavlov N. V.
The problem of disposal of solid waste in the municipal formation Krasnodar city
 
CIVIL LAW
Bessarabova S. Yu., Koshelyuk B. E.
Calculation of the limitation period in family law. Suspension, interruption, restoration of terms
Volkov Yu. V.
Informer as an actor of information transfer, and the actor of law
Ganiev T. G.
To the question about the concept of first aid
Krutikov V. K., Medvedeva O. S., Sharov S. V.
Problems of property legal relations in the modern digital space
Kupchina E. V.
Overview of the application of digital technologies by international commercial arbitration tribunals
Mishukov V. O.
Development of national legislation on the basics of electronic voting
Osmanov O. A.
Usufruct construction in Russian civil law
Pugacheva A. S.
The civil law nature of contracts as the basis for investment relations
Rykhletskiy P. L.
Consumer lending in the Russian Federation:current problems and development trends
Fedotov N. E., Levochko V. V.
To the problem of liability for breach of obligations under the contract for towing ships and floating objects
Gergolenko M. A.
Abuse of the bankruptcy moratorium by persons controlling the debtor
Isrepilova L. R.
Legal fictions in modern civil society and the problems of their application
Guseykhanova A. R.
On the problem of determining the list of limited property rights to land plots
Ogorodnik V. F.
Problems of law enforcement practice on imaginary (pretended) transactions and transactions to the detriment of creditors
Bulava M. P.
The council of the regional Bar Association in the structure of the corporate governance of the Russian lawyer community
Ivanova A. N.
On the issue of hybrid forms of competitive procedures in the context of procurement legislation
Kamaeva A. V., Kondratenko Z. K.
Purchasing from a single supplier bypassing the law
 
FAMILY LAW
Levashova A. V., Lobzov G. P., Petrova K. O.
Termination and amendment of the marriage agreement
Prisyazhnyuk Yu. P.
Protection of children in modern domestic law:problems and prospects
 
HOUSING LAW
Hasanov A. H.
Procedural features of execution of decisions on cases arising from housing legal relations
 
LABOR LAW
Zabramnaya E. Yu.
Legal means of ensuring the lawful behavior of participants in an employment relationship
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Menkov V. V.
Trends in the development of financial and legal incentives for commercial organizations in the field of digital technologies
Chernov Yu. I., Goloborodko A. V., Pavlov O. S.
Features of taxation of IT companies at the present stage
Aglieva Yu. R.
Development of mutual funds in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: financial and legal aspect
Asadov B. M.
The legal framework for countering anticompetitive agreements
Gileva N. S., Ponomarev O. V.
Financial control in the context of digitalization of society
Levashova A. V., Lobzov G. P., Petrova K. O.
Investment activity in the development of information technologies in Russia
Asadov A. M.
Analysis of budgetary discipline offenses and ways to improve it
Tsepova E. A.
Innovations in Russian currency exchange legislation:financial institutions and residents’ financial assets, allocated outside the Russian Federation
 
TAX LAW
Aidanova A. R., Alieva E. B.
Implementation of fiscal policy in the context of the COVID-19 crisis in Russia
Pustovalov E.V.
Taxpayer’s rights in the implementation of international exchange of tax information: approaches of Russia, India and South Africa
Shakhnazarov U. M., Alieva E. B.
The problem of the concept of tax offenses
Arutyunyan P. E., Ochakovskiy V. A., Zimireva A. G.
The principle of fairness in tax law and its implementation
Tanaga A. G., Konovalova E. A., Chernov Yu. I.
Integrity of a taxpayer: practice, problems, prospects
 
ECOLOGICAL LAW
Karev D. A.
Environmental law as a means of ensuring public Interests
Oleynikova A. Ya., Romanova T. S.
Administrative responsibility in the field of environmental protection as an effective type of legal responsibility in the fight against environmental offences (on the example of Sovetsko-Gavansky municipal district)
 
ENTREPRENEURIAL LAW
Vinitskaya L.A.
Crowdfunding as a tool for debt financing of investment activities
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Abdulmazhidov S. M., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
Special measures to counter illegal arms trafficking
Adilov Z. A., Kornilov G. A.
On the need to improve the criminal liability of medical workers
Bichenova A. R., Senokyan M. Kh.
Modern aspects of the mother’s killing of a newborn child –Article 106 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Gileva N. S.
The age of consent in the Russian Federation
Gluschenko D. V.
The criminal-legal aspect of the activities of police officers before and after entering the service in the department of internal affairs of the Russian Federation, modern problems of the law enforcement system in the matter of qualitative selection, competitive selection, limited recruitment for the positions of employees of the internal affairs bodies of Russia
Kashchaeva M. V., Marakulin D. A.
Typological features of the personality of self-serving criminals (based on the materials of the Altai Territory)
Klimovskiy A. S., Taranin M. A.
The features of the crime prevention in the criminal law policy of the State
Kurbatova G. V., Ananjev O. G.
Historical and legal analysis of the recidivism of crimes in domestic criminal law
Mayorov A. V., Denisovich V. V.
Necessary defense (art. 37 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation): does the law need improvement?
Makogon I. V., Ignatova E. A.
Some controversial aspects of the stage of refusal to initiate criminal proceedings
Nistratova I. S.
Retrospective analysis of the regulatory regulation of the replacement of the unserved part of the penalty with a milder type of penalty
Rastoropov S. V., Gorshkova N. A.
Theoretical and applied analysis of penalization of illicit weapon trafficking at the present stage
Sadykova E. M., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
Actual problems of realization of the rights of participants in criminal proceedings when the prosecutor returns criminal cases for additional investigation
Tailova A. G., Mahmudov N. B.
Topical issues of juvenile criminal responsibility:european trends and modern development
Timofeeva O. V., Timofeev V. V.
Formation and development of the regulatory framework for the fight against corruption and its manifestations:international and Russian aspects
Chochueva Z. A.
Imposition of punishment for bribery
Shtab O. N., Marakulin D. A.
Protection of the rights of minors by criminal legal means in neighboring countries
Iljin F. I.
Some features of the forensic support of criminal proceedings
Tailova A. G., Abakarova B. G., Magomedov H. B.
Legal forms of spatial and temporal parameters in criminal legislation
Klimovskiy A. S., Taranin M. A.
The environmental crimes in the Republic of Crimea as one of the main features of the crime in the Southern Federal District
Usacheva E. A.
The «secret» of security measures applied to an official of a law enforcement and supervisory authority
Ramazanova S. Z., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
The system of punishments in the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation
Shtankova A. P.
Conditions for the inexpediency of introducing a privileged composition of a murder committed on the motive of compassion, at the request of the victim
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Abbasov N. I.
Actual problems of methodological support of forensic examination
Evlushina D. N.
Procedural independence of the investigator: problems and solutions
Ivanusenko Yu. B.
Criminal procedural features of detention of a suspected
Zakharova S. S., Nazarkin E. V., Suleymanov T. A., Shuranova O. A.
Formation and development of adversarial proceedings in the criminal process of Russia
Lifanova L. G., Chernikov S. V.
Proper regulation of the legal status of a participant in criminal procedural relations is a necessary element of the formation of legal thinking and legal awareness
Makogon I. V., Ignatova E. A.
Protection of human and civil rights and freedoms as one of the most important principles of the criminal process and some problems of its provision at the present stage
Mustafaev S. S., Amirbekova G. H.
The concept and content of forensic examination
Prys E. V.
The phenomenon of organized stability of criminal groups with the participation of minors
Roshka M. Ya.
Reasonable time and efficiency of criminal proceedings
Smolina M. M.
Rights and obligations of the suspect (accused) during the preliminary investigation
Sukhorukova A. N., Arshinov A. S.
On the issue of the procedural status of a statistician as a participant in criminal proceedings
Trubchaninov A. V., Eremin S. G.
Issues of reimbursement of damage caused by fraudulent actions in the sphere of motor insurance
Chasovnikova O. G., Skorikov D. G.
Criminal procedural features of the search for the fugitive accused
Klevtsov M. I., Olovyannikova A. S., Raevskaya V. A.
Specificity of the application of tactical techniques during interrogation
Kozlov V. V.
Requesting information constituting a secret protected by law at the stage of initiation of a criminal case
Panenko E. S., Rogava I. G.
On the question of the concept of special medical knowledge in criminal proceedings
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V., Zharko N. V.
Operational investigative support of a criminal case at the pre-trial stages of criminal proceedings
Udovichenko V. S.
Participants in criminal proceedings with an uncertain procedural status
Khromenkov I. R.
Refusal of the court to place the accused in custody:analysis of the causes and consequences
Gadadov I. S.
Problems of admissibility of evidence in criminal proceedings
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Asadov V. V.
Characteristics of conditionally convicted persons registered with the criminal executive inspections
Kiyko N. V., Bogdanov M. N., Oskolkov A. V.
Public control over the activities of the penitentiary system of the Republic of Belarus
Useev R. Z.
Acts of application of law in the execution of punishment in the form of deprivation of liberty: types, forms, expression in the text of penal enforcement legislation of the Russian Federation
 
JUDICIARY
Kusharova M. P., Pavlov A. A.
The principle of independence of judges and its legal regulation
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Gladkikh I. N., Sigerich M. Ya.
Machine-readable documents as an object of technical and forensic examination of documents
Machikhina A. E., Gulyan I. N.
Possibilities of restoring the content of extinct details of cash register receipts
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Kurbatova G. V., Ananjeva E. O.
Prevention of criminal procedures against employees of criminal-executive system
Prikhodko N. Yu.
Criminological characteristics of the causes and conditions of committing crimes and other offenses at transport facilities and transport infrastructure
Fedorov A. F.
On the influence of the policy of humanization of criminal legislation on the state of recidivism
Fetishcheva L. M., Ganzhin E. V.
Criminal executive inspectorates as subjects of prevention of repeated crimes and other offenses
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Brykov D. A.
The current state of labor adaptation of employees of the penal system
Mamleeva D. R.
Organizational and legal bases of activity of territorial bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
Polikarpov D. I., Gabdullin T. R., Kulesh E. A.
On the issue of the development of regulatory and legal regulation of the activities of district police commissioners
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Gardanov A. R., Yumaguzhina A. M., Salimshin I. L.
Legal field of privacy in social networks
Prokofjev M. V.
The fight against international terrorism during the spread of coronavirus infection
Strizhchenko I. A., Egorov R. P.
Modern ways to ensure the anonymity of offenders as a mechanism for avoiding responsibility

STATE AND LAW
Abukarova M. U.
Problems of combating corruption: history, theory and modernity
Ananjeva E. O., Ivliev P. V.
Media literacy as a necessary attribute of the formation of the political outlook of modern Russian youth
Ananjeva E. O., Ivliev P.V.
Legal provision of freedom of will and testamentary capacity of citizens
Shulyatjev I. A.
A normative approach to assessing state participation in the Russian economy
 
PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW
Nurmukhametov E. A., Nurmukhametova I. F., Davtyan V. G.
Psychological features of aggressive and hostile reactions of offenders of primary school age with different parenting style
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Derikot T. E., Cheremisina E. V.
Personnel problems of the oil and gas complex of the Tyumen region
Khayrullina N. G., Egorov A. L.
Impact of the pandemic on the economic situation of rural residents
 
LANGUAGE LAW
Makayeva G. Z., Makayev Kh. F., Merzlyakova L. Kh.
Stress in English general professional juridical terms with –ee at the end of a word
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Bayaskalanova T. A., Trubchanin S. I., Semyonov E. Yu.
Sustainable development of the company on the example of PJSC “InterRAO”
Vostrikova E. O., Meshkova A. P.
Public-private partnership in the sphere of natural monopolies as a factor in ensuring the economic security of the country
Leybert T. B., Khruslova A. А.
Financial and economic technologies for managing the effectiveness of innovation and investment projects
Ovchinnikov A. P.
Import substitution strategies in the field of IT technologies
Sokolova E. S.
Trends in the global civil aviation market
Suleymanova A. M.
Analysis of the consumer lending market
Koenig A. Yu., Bychenkov K. D., Tupikina Z. A., Grоgulenko N. V.
Sberbank’s digital ecosystem: main components and development trends
Klevtsov M. I., Pozdnyakova C. A., Tsirkunov M. E.
Entrepreneurial risks: types and ways of minimization
Kostirya Yu. S., Artemjev N. V.
Improving the efficiency of interaction between units of the logistics support system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
Kuznetsova K. V., Spasskaya N. V., Suganova M. I., Firsova O. N.
Investment marketing as a way of business development
Suleymanova A. M.
Execution of the budgets of municipalities of the Republic of Dagestan
Terekhov I. G., Zenkova V. G., Terekhova L. A.,
Kalmykova E. N., Morozova A. F.
Economic feasibility of using new structures of bush pile foundations
Tomilina Yu. V.
The policy of effective management of the regional economy based on the development of clusters: foreign and national experience
Tchumlyakov K. S., Tchumlyakova D. V.
Internationalization of transport infrastructure:the content of the concept and directions
Shvetsova K. A., Uvarov M. A.
Characteristic problems of corruption, as well as a factor of criminalization of society and the state, affecting the economic security of the Russian Federation
Bayramgulov A. M.
Three main factors of innovative attractiveness of the Republic of Bashkortostan
Kupriyanov A. N., Samohina A. D., Mordovin S. G.
«Online-to-Offline» Marketing Technology:Prospects and Development Problems
Shadrina N. M.
Blockchain as a form of digital data
Allahverdieva F. Kh.
Prospects for the development of hydrogen energy in Russia
Tsybina A. P.
Intellectual infrastructure of innovative educational environment of the region
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Elkhova O. I., Kudryashev A. F.
Paradigmatic development of science
Aminev M. M., Abrarov I. I.
Humanistic values of social work
Burlova Yu. A.
Normativeness of consciousness as a socio-philosophical problem
Gofman A. A., Timoschuk A. S.
Energy sustainability challenges
Ikhsanov A. U.
Globalization as an instrument of rapprochement of national cultures: myths and reality
Tumanyan G. V.
Decision making in the framework of anthropocentric public administration. On the example of the confrontation between anti-vaccination (anti-vaxers) and the public health system
 
INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Nigmatullin R.V., Ishmeeva A.S.
Poverty Eradication as a Priority Indicator of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals
The paper considers the problem of eliminating poverty as one of the key goals of the world community at the beginning of the 20th century. The difficulty is that poverty is multidimensional in terms of socio-economic characteristics. Since the early 20th century, the United Nations has sought to unite member states’ efforts to address the issues of inequality, economic growth, climate change, energy, natural resources, and the environment, as well as those of peace and justice, which are cornerstones of poverty eradication. The goals and the means to achieve them have been identified as prerequisites for poverty eradication in accordance with the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030. The paper reviews the conditions to guarantee the poor and vulnerable access to basic services at affordable prices, equal rights to economic resources and ownership of factors such as land without unnecessary barriers.
Keywords: Millennium Development Goals, sustainable development goals, misery, poverty, living standards, indicators, vulnerability, international standards, domestic policies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gubajdullina I. N. Uroven' zhizni naselenija Rossii // Trendy razvitija sovremennogo obshhestva:upravlencheskie, pravovye, jekonomicheskie i social'nye aspekty: materialy 6-j Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2016. - S. 29-34.
2. Malyj A. F. Migracionnaja politika: zakonodatel'noe voploshhenie i pravorealizacija v Rossii //Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. - 2020. - #3 (61). - S. 73-82.
3. Nigmatullin R. V. OON i bor'ba s prestupnost'ju v XXI veke / Sovremennyj mir i pravo: 75 let Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij: materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (g. Ufa, 25 sentjabrja 2020 g.) / Otv. redaktor R. V. Nigmatullin. - Ufa: RIC BashGU, 2020. - S. 82-90.
4. Nigmatullin R. V., Sulejmanova R. R. Migracionnaja politika gosudarstva kak faktor ego stabil'nosti v sovremennom mire // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. -2018. - # 12 (127). - S. 370-373.
5. Rebenok v sovremennoj Rossii: prava, vozmozhnosti, sistema zashhity / R. V. Nigmatullin, R. R. Karimov, A. A. Romanov. - Ufa, 2015. - 217 s.
6. Smit A. Teorija nravstvennyh chuvstv. - M.: Respublika, 1997. - 351 s.
7. Filippov O. A., Harisova Z. I. Pravo mezhdunarodnoj bezopasnosti: sovremennoe sostojanie i tendencii razvitija // Vestnik Instituta prava Bashkirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2020. - # 1(5). - S. 46-50.
8. Harisova Z. I. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye osnovy informacionnoj bezopasnosti v celjah ustojchivogo razvitija / Pravovoe obespechenie razvitija social'nogo gosudarstva v svete celej ustojchivogo razvitija: materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. V 2-h chastjah. - 2018. - S. 103-106.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Pimenova S.D.
Provisional measures in the case-law of international courts and tribunals: comparative legal analysis
This article discusses legal framework and jurisprudence of provisional measures issued by international courts and tribunals.
The analysis of the case-law demonstrates divergence of approaches of international courts and tribunals to the criteria that must be met in order for the court to apply provisional measures, their priority, and differences with respect to the purposes of application of such measures. A certain consensus has been reached regarding the criteria of urgency, risk of irreparable harm and binding force of provisional measures.
Keywords: provisional measures, international courts, International Court of Justice, human rights courts, Court of Justice of the EU.
Work bibliographic list
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2. Ispolinov A. Ispolnenie reshenij mezhdunarodnyh sudov: teorija i praktika // Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie. 2017. #1(21). C. 45-67.
3. Ispolinov A.S. Rol' posledujushhej praktiki gosudarstv v prave mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov // Zakonodatel'stvo. 2016. # 9. S. 79-87.
4. Ispolinov A.S. Jevoljucija i puti razvitija sovremennogo mezhdunarodnogo pravosudija // Lex Russica (Russkij zakon). 2017. # 10. S. 58-87.
5. Cerna C. Provisional Measures: How International Human Rights Law is Changing International Law (Inspired by Gambia v. Myanmar) // Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law. 2021. Vol. 11. No. 1. P. 34-59.
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8. Haeck Y., Herrera C.B. Letting States off the Hook? The Paradox of the Legal Consequences following State Non-Compliance with Provisional Measures in the Inter-American and European Human Rights Systems// Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights. 2010. Vol. 28. Issue 3. P. 332-360.
9. Haeck Y., Herrera C.B., Zwaak L. Non-Compliance With a Provisional Measure Automatically Leads To a Violation of the Right of Individual Application…or Doesn’t it? Strasbourg Court Takes Away any Remaining Doubts and Broadens Its Pan-European Protection // European Constitutional Law Review. 2008. Vol. 4. No. 1. P. 41-63.
10. Kolb R. Note on the New International Case-Law Concerning the Binding Character of Provisional Measures // Nordic Journal of International Law. 2005. Vol. 74. P. 117-130.
11. Miles C.A. Provisional Measures before International Courts and Tribunals // Cambridge University Press. 1st edition. 2017.592 p.
12. Miles C.A. The Origins of the Law of Provisional Measures before International Courts and Tribunals //Heidelberg Journal of International Law. 2013. Vol. 73. P. 615-672.
13. Oellers Frahm K. Expanding the Competence to Issue Provisional Measures – Strengthening the International Judicial Function // German Law Journal. 2011. Vol. 12. No. 5-6. P. 1279-1294.
14. Palombino F. Conclusion // Provisional Measures Issued by International Courts and Tribunals / F. Palombino, R. Virzo and G. Zarra (eds.). The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2021. P. 365-369.
15. Pascale G. Provisional Measures Under the African Human Rights System // Provisional Measures Issued by International Courts and Tribunals / F. Palombino, R. Virzo and G. Zarra (eds.). The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2021. P. 253-275.
16. Rosenne S. Provisional Measures in International Law: The International Court of Justice and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea // Oxford University Press. 2005.
17. Tzanakopoulos A., Provisional Measures Indicated by International Courts: Emergence of a General Principle of International Law // Revue Hellenique de Droit International. 2004. Vol. 57. P. 53-84.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Pokrovskaia N.V.
Recognition and protection of copyright objects under the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
The article is devoted to the problem of copyright protection under the existing agreements of the World Trade Organization. The analysis of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement) which occupies the central place in the system of WTO normative legal acts is presented in the study. The paper reveals certain categories of intellectual property rights subject to protection under this Agreement, procedural aspects of the acquisition and preservation of copyrights, as well as minimum standards for the intellectual property rights protection adopted by WTO member states. It is concluded that copyright protection depends not only on substantive rules that provide for minimum standards of protection, but also on procedural and legal mechanisms that provide effective ways to ensure compliance with these rules. The article highlights the unique role of the TRIPS Agreement in the sphere of copyright and intellectual property rights protection in international trade.
Keywords: World Trade Organization, copyright, intellectual property law, TRIPS Agreement.
Work bibliographic list
1. General'noe soglashenie po tarifam i torgovle (GATT) (VTO, Urugvajskij raund mnogostoronnih torgovyh peregovorov, 15 aprelja 1994 g.) // Zakon. 2000. # 5.
2. General'noe soglashenie po torgovle uslugami (GATS) (VTO, Urugvajskij raund mnogostoronnih torgovyh peregovorov, 15 aprelja 1994 g.) // Prilozhenie k Sobraniju zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. # 37. 10.09.2012. (ch. VI).
3. Soglashenie po torgovym aspektam prav intellektual'noj sobstvennosti (TRIPS) (VTO, Urugvajskij raund mnogostoronnih torgovyh peregovorov, 15 aprelja 1994 g.) // Prilozhenie k Sobraniju zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. # 37. 10.09.2012. (ch. VI).
4. Zenin I.A. Soglashenie TRIPS, ischerpanie prav i parallel'nyj import v Rossii // Pravo intellektual'noj sobstvennosti. 2018. # 4. S. 4-9.
5. Mihajlov M.V. Regulirovanie torgovli ob"ektami intellektual'noj sobstvennosti v ramkah TRIPS //Finansovaja jekonomika. 2019. # 11. S. 871-875.
6. Romanov G.V. Trehstupenchatyj test v mezhdunarodnom i rossijskom avtorskom prave // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2020. # 4 (133). S. 124-137.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Grinevich A.V.
International Association of Independent Tanker Owners’ activity in improvement of international law of the sea
This article shows activity of international non-governmental organizations INTERTANKO in improvement of international law of the sea. Also it’s demonstrating interaction with other international non-governmental and governmental organizations.
Keywords: INTERTANKO, international law of the sea, IMO.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kopylov M. N., Solncev A. M. Utilizacija morskih sudov - ugroza mezhdunarodnoj jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2010.- # 10. - S. 106–114.
2. Oficial'nyj sajt INTERTANKO. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.intertanko.com/about-us/history (data obrashhenija: 15.11.2021).
3. Oficial'nyj sajt IMO. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://wwwcdn.imo.org/localresources/en/KnowledgeCentre/IndexofIMOResolutions/MSCResolutions/MSC.428(98).pdf (data obrashhenija:15.11.2021).
4. Oficial'nyj sajt Jelektronnogo fonda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/902152089 (data obrashhenija: 15.11.2021).
5. Oficial'nyj sajt EUROSHORE. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://euroshore.com/blog/news/2019-01-04/operating-problems-60-80-of-ballastwater-treatment-systems-says-intertanko (data obrashhenija: 15.11.2021).
6. Oficial'nyj sajt SAFETY4SEA. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://safety4sea.com/intertanko-proposes-new-ballast-water-contingencymeasures/?__cf_chl_jschl_tk__=pmd_QLjgeKk7naGkIJhjkZXrZbhcM68h9856NYxHreDrJQ0-1632577696-0-gqNtZGzNAiWjcnBszQd9 (data obrashhenija: 15.11.2021).
7. Oficial'nyj sajt Maritime Cyprus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://maritimecyprus.com/2018/06/04/intertanko-guidance-for-ballast-watercontingency-measures/ (data obrashhenija: 15.11.2021).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Kadysheva O.V.
On the legal personality of private persons in international law
Current international law doesn’t prohibit legal personality of private persons, including individuals, legal persons and other nongovernmental entities. The fact that international human rights treaties as well as investment protections agreements grants certain substantial and procedural rights to private persons shall not be understood as creation of legal personality of such persons under international law but only means that such persons are simply beneficiary of these rights. In the legal orders of international organizations like the EU and the EAEU the legislative acts of such organizations assume their application by private person not only in relations with the states but in relations between private persons as well which create local subjectivity of private persons in international law.
Keywords: private persons, individuals, subjects of international law, beneficiaries, local subjectivity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Brounli Ja. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: V 2 kn. – M.: Progress, 1977. – Kn. 2.– 535 s.
2. Zaharova N. V. Individ – sub"ekt mezhdunarodnogo prava // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. – M., 1989. –# 11. – S. 112-118.
3. Kashirkina A. A. Tendencii razvitija mezhdunarodnoj pravosub"ektnosti: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.10. – M., 2004. – 31 s.
4. Kozheurov Ja. S. O mezhdunarodnoj pravosub"ektnosti individa (stat'ja) // Lex Russica=Russkij zakon.– 2004. – T.LXIII. – # 2. – S. 489-513.
5. Kurs mezhdunarodnogo prava. V semi tomah / Otv. redaktory R. A. Mjullerson, G. I. Tunkin. Tom 1. – M., 1989.
6. Matveeva T. D. Chelovek i mezhdunarodnoe pravo (k voprosu o mezhdunarodnoj pravosub"ektnosti individa) // Rossijskij ezhegodnik mezhdunarodnogo prava 2010. – Sankt-Peterburg, 2011. – S. 52-67.
7. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo = Völkerrecht / Vol'fgang Graf Vitctum [i dr.]; per. s nem. / [V. Bergmann, pred., sost.]; [nauch. red. i sost. ukaz. T. F. Jakovleva].– M.: Infotropik Media, 2011.
8. Samovich Ju. V. K voprosu o mezhdunarodnoĭ pravosub"ektnosti individov // Izvestija Tomskogo politehnicheskogo universiteta. – 2006. – T. 309. # 5. – S.181-185.
9. Chernichenko S. V. Eshhe raz o mezhdunarodnoj pravosub"ektnosti individov // Moskovskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava. – 2005. – # 4. – S. 11-26.
10. De Witte, Floris. The Liminal European: Subject to the EU Legal // Order Yearbook of European Law. – Vol. 00, No. 0 (2021). – Rp. 1-26.
11. Karatzia, Anastasia. The European Citizens’ Initiative and the EU institutional balance: On realism and the possibilities of affecting EU lawmaking // Common Market Law Review. – 2017. – 54 (1). – Rr. 177-208.
12. Lauterpacht H. International Law and Human Rights. – L., 1950. – 498 r.
13. Orakhelashvili, Alexander. The Position of the Individual in International Law // California Western International Law Journal. – Vol. 31 [2000], No. 2. – Art.10. – Rr. 241-276.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Koshkin V.A.
Delineation of the outer limits of the continental shelf in the Arctic Ocean: some reasons for criticism
On 20 December 2001, Russia made an official submission the Commission on the Limit of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) in accordance with the article 76 of the LOSC. The purpose is to establish new outer limits of the continental shelf of Russia beyond the 200 nautical mile zone. Russia is claiming 2 million square kilometers of Arctic sea shelf. However, Russian submissions are criticized by a group of Russian scholars. This article rejects their argument that it is possible to establish the outer limit in the absence of recommendations of CLCS through the delimitation procedure in the Arctic ocean.
Keywords: Arctic states, delineation, delimitation, Commission on the Limit of the Continental Shelf, entitlement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Breum M. «Russia extends its claim to the Arctic Ocean seabed» Arctic Today, April 4, 2021. https://www.arctictoday.com/russia-extends-its-claim-to-the-arcticocean-seabed/?wallit_nosession=1.
2. Eiriksson G. «The Case of Disagreement Between a Coastal State and the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf», in Nordquist, Myron H., John Norton Moore and Thomas H. Heidar (eds.) Legal and Scientific Aspects of Continental Shelf Limits, Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff, 2004: 251-262.
3. Herdt S. «The Relationship Between the Delimitation of the Continental Shelf Beyond 200 nm and the Delineation of Its Outer Limits» Ocean Development & International Law 51. (2020): 263-282.
4. ILA Committee on Legal Issues of the Outer Continental Shelf, Conference Report Toronto 2006.
5. Magnússon B. M., «Is there a Temporal Relationship between the Delineation and the Delimitation of the Continental Shelf beyond 200 Nautical Miles?» // The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 28(3) (2013):465-483.
6. Melkov G. «To the Issue of Status of Okhotsk Sea and Pechora Sea» Moscow Journal of International Law 96(4) (2014): 40-55.
7. Nikolayev A., Peschurov I. «Legal possibilities of preventing Russia from losing a high-latitude section of the Arctic shelf» Modern Productive Forces 1 (2014): 65-85.
8. Peschurov I. «Legal Regime of the bottom of the Arctic Ocean according to Customary International Law» // Moscow Journal of International Law 3 (2014): 145-170.
9. Territorial and Maritime Dispute (Nicaragua v. Colombia), Judgment, I.C.J. Reports 2012, p. 624.
10. Vylegzhanin A., Dudykina I. «UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and the Legal Regime of the Arctic shelf» International and European Law 1 (2017): 284-302.
11. Zhudro I. «Evolution of the International Legal Regime of the Arctic Ocean and Russia’s National Interests» Moscow Journal of International Law 2 (2016): 63-80.
12. Zhudro I. «On modernization of the international legal concept of substantiation of outer continental shelf limits of the Russian federation in arctic regions» International Public and Private Law 6 (2015): 10-14.
13. Zhudro I. «On the applicability of the sector principle to the delimitation of the Arctic Ocean Seabed» State and Law 3 (2020): 152-162.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Marchenko A.Yu.
Comparison of the legal regulation of artificial intelligence under EU law and international law
The article outlines key problems arising with the intensive development of artificial intelligence, examines the European approach to regulation and the latest EU documents highlighting the key features of the EU approach. The author examines the influence of the European approach on the international regulation of AI and formulates the prospects for the development of regulation both at the EU level and at the global level.
Keywords: European Union, International law, international organizations, artificial intelligence, legal regulation of AI, European approach.
Work bibliographic list
1. Evropejskaja jeticheskaja hartija ob ispol'zovanii iskusstvennogo intellekta v sudebnyh sistemah i okruzhajushhih ih realijah. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://rm.coe.int/ru-ethical-charteren-version-17-12-2018-mdl-06092019-2-/16809860f4(data obrashhenija: 20.11.2020).
2. Jentiny M. L. i E. G. V poimkah partnerskih otnoshenij – X: Rossija i Evropejskij sojuz v 2020 – pervoj polovine 2021 godov: Nauchnaja monografija / M. L. Jentin, E. G. Jentina, N. I. Tnjelm. - Moskva: Galaktika, Izdatel'skij dom «Zebra E», 2021. - S. 233.
3. CAHAI. Draft analysis of the Multi-Stakeholder Consultation. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://rm.coe.int/cahai-cog-2021-01-draft-report-msc-2763-7501-0051-v-1/1680a2e2d5 (data obrashhenija: 18.07.2021).
4. Coordinated Plan on Artificial Intelligence 2021 Review.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://digital-strategy.ec.europa.eu/en/library/coordinated-planartificial-intelligence-2021-review (data obrashhenija:07.07.2021).
5. EDPB & EDPS call for ban on use of AI for automated recognition of human features in publicly accessible spaces, and some other uses of AI that can lead to unfair discrimination. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://edpb.europa.eu/news/news/2021/edpbedps-
call-ban-use-ai-automated-recognition-humanfeatures-publicly-accessible_en (data obrashhenija:
20.07.2021).
6. Globalpolicy.AI. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://globalpolicy.ai/en/ (data obrashhenija:17.09.2021).
7. Proposal for a Regulation laying down harmonized rules on artificial intelligence. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/redirection/document/75788 / (data obrashhenija:20.05.2021).
8. The Digital Services Act package”. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://digital-strategy.ec.europa.eu/en/policies/digital-services-act-package(data obrashhenija: 20.05.2021).
9. The Proposed New EU Regulatory Regime for Artificial Intelligence (AI) (2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.natlawreview.com/article/proposed-new-eu-regulatory-regime-artificial-intelligence-ai (data obrashhenija: 17.09.2021).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Nemchinova T.S., Muzalev A.A., Simonov A.S.
The role of education in the transformation of the economic behavior of the indigenous peoples of the North on the agenda of Russia’s chairmanship in the Arctic Council
The paper is devoted to the consideration of the potential of educational tools in the transformation of the economic behavior of the indigenous population by the member states of the Arctic Council. The instrument of inclusion of indigenous peoples in the modern economy of the region is a quality education and a system of support during the educational process, the rejection of the principles of conscious preservation of traditional management and the formation of innovative consciousness through education, while preserving national culture and language. The universality of the principles of educational cooperation allows us to form common approaches to cooperation between Russia and Western members of the Council in other areas.
Keywords: indigenous people, the Arctic Council, economic behavior, education, educational policy, sustainable development goals.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vylegzhanin A. N. Arkticheskij sovet: status i dejatel'nost'. Doklad # 67/2021 / Rossijskij sovet po mezhdunarodnym delam (RSMD). – M.: NP RSMD, 2021. – 94 s.
2. Detter F. G. Determinanty i osobennosti jekonomicheskogo povedenija korennyh malochislennyh narodov Severa Rossii // Nauchnyj vestnik Jamalo-Neneckogo avtonomnogo okruga. – 2020. – # 2 (107). – S.28-35. DOI 10.26110/ARCTIC.2020.107.2.003.
3. Detter F. G. Jekonomicheskoe povedenie korennyh malochislennyh narodov Severa Rossii: postanovka problemy // Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2019. – # 9 (431). – S. 32-42.
4. Drobyshevskij S. A., Krasovskaja N. S., Kotova E.V. O pravovom regulirovanii zashhity dostoinstva korennyh malochislennyh narodov Rossijskoj Federacii (na primere Krasnojarskogo kraja) // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 6 (157).– S. 426-428.
5. Zabelina E. V., Kurnosova S. A., Kopceva N. P., Luzan V. S., Shhukina K. E. Strategii jekonomicheskogo povedenija korennyh malochislennyh narodov Severa i ih vlijanie na sub"ektivnoe blagopoluchie// Zhurnal Sibirskogo federal'nogo universiteta. Ser.: Gumanitarnye nauki. – 2021. –T. 14. – # 6. – S. 797-809.
6. Ivanov V. V., Harlamp'eva N. K. Poverhnostnye vodnye ob"ekty rossijskoj Arktiki v svete vodnogo, zemel'nogo i prirodoohrannogo zakonodatel'stva:sostojanie i problemy // V sbornike: Arktika: obshhestvo, nauka i pravo. – SPb.: Izd-vo S. – Peterb. un-ta, 2020. – S. 8-18.
7. Klokov K. B., Hrushhjov S. A., Muzaljov A. A., Silaeva K. V. Jetnicheskoe pole v jetnogeograficheskih issledovanijah: konceptualizacija i obosnovanie novogo podhoda // Vesnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. – Ser. 7: Geologija. Geografija. – 2016. – # 2. – S. 76-84. DOI: 10.21638/11701/spbu07.2016.207.
8. Kukarenko N. N., Muzaljov A. A., Nemchinova T. S. Rossijskij rynok «arkticheskogo» obrazovanija v nauchno-obrazovatel'nom prostranstve Arktiki //Arktika: obshhestvo, nauka i pravo. – SPb: Izd-vo S.- Peterb. un-ta, 2020. – S. 134-147.
9. Kurnosova S. A., Zabelina E. V. Karta nauchnogo nabljudenija v issledovanii jekonomicheskogo povedenija korennyh malochislennyh narodov Arkticheskoj zony Rossijskoj Federacii // Anan'evskie chtenija–2021. Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj
konferencii / Pod red. A. V. Shaboltas. SPb.: Izd-vo «Skifija-Print», 2021. – S. 826-828.
10. Lan'shina T. A., Barinova V. A., Loginova A. D., Lavrovskij E. P., Ponedel'nik I. V. Opyt lokalizacii i vnedrenija Celej ustojchivogo razvitija v stranah – liderah v dannoj sfere // Vestnik mezhdunarodnyh organizacij. – 2019. – T. 14. – # 1. – S. 207-224. DOI: 10.17323/1996-7845-2019-01-12.
11. Nemchinova T. S. Voprosy obrazovanija v povestke Arkticheskogo soveta kak instrument preodolenija protivorechij gosudarstv-chlenov // Uregulirovanie sovremennyh mezhdunarodnyh konfliktov: problemy, instrumenty, metody. Sb. st. / Pod red. N. V. Shevchuk, N. M. Miheevoj, M. A, Bulanakovoj. M.:Izd-vo «KnoRus», 2020. – S. 103-121.
12. Nemchinova T. S. Obrazovatel'nye modeli adaptacii korennyh narodov k sovremennym jekonomicheskim otnoshenijam // Vestnik gumanitarnogo fakul'teta Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta telekommunikacij im. prof. M. A. Bonch-Bruevicha. – SPb., 2019. – S. 185-192.
13. Sokolovskij S. V. Korennye narody: mezhdu integraciej i sohraneniem kul'tur. // Jetnicheskie kategorii i statistika: debaty v Rossii i vo Francii:sbornik statej / pod red. E. I. Filippovoj. Institut jetnologii i antropologii RAN. – M. 2008. – S.49-70.
14. Harlamp'eva N. K., Telicyna A. Ju., Kurnosova S. A., Zabelina E. V., Nemchinova T. S. Specifika jekonomicheskogo povedenija korennyh malochislennyh narodov severa, prozhivajushhih v Arkticheskoj zone Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. Ser.: Psihologicheskie nauki. – 2020. – # 4. – S. 109-120. DOI:10.18384/2310-7235-2020-4-109-120.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Tulupova E.O., Demidova T.K., Vasiljev A.V.
Problems of islamization of European countries
In recent years, waves of migrants have brought with them many problems for the governments
of European countries. The unwillingness of Muslim immigrants to assimilate into the surrounding European societies, to adopt European laws and principles do not unite the peoples, but on the contrary, make them more fragmented, aggressive towards each other. It seems that the meeting between European societies and Muslim immigrants has led to the destruction of two hopes.
Keywords: refugee, migrant, European society, Islamization of Europe, identity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gajnetdinova A. B., Demidova T. K. i Tulupova E. O. Istorija migracii musul'man v Evropu // Vestnik Instituta prava Bashkirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2021. - 4, 3 (noja. 2021). – S. 72–77. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33184/vest-law-bsu-2021.11.9.
2. Doklad issledovatel'skogo centra Pew Research Center «Rejtingi musul'man vo Francii» ot 3 ijunja 2015 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/06/03/ratings-of-muslims-in-france-and-us/ (data obrashhenija:02.11.2021).
3. Nikitin A. Islam v Evrope: monogr. - SPb.: CSO, 2009.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Chernyadjeva N.A.
Category “environmental safety” in the doctrine of international law and international legal documents
Environmental issues belong to the category of especially significant questions in the international legal space. The current state of ecology is a matter of concern to the international community. Climatic problems, anthropogenic impact on the sphere of environment are perceived as a threat to the human existence. Thereby, it seems relevant to consider legal mechanisms for ensuring international environmental security. The authors pose the problem of international legal support for environmental safety. The article presents an analysis of doctrinal approaches to the definition of the concept of “environmental safety”; a system of features characterizing environmental safety as a phenomenon of international law is proposed; the main tendencies of environmental safety policy in the activities of UN are shown
Keywords: environmental safety, international law, climate, UN, UNEP.
Work bibliographic list
1. Velieva D. S. Konstitucionno-pravovye osnovy jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii. Avtoref. dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk: 12.00.02. – Saratov, 2011. – 48 s.
2. Galjametdinova A. Ju. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye aspekty jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.10. – Kazan', 2000. – 175 c.
3. Donchenko V. Ju. Rol' Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij v obespechenii jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti:dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.10. – M., 2008. – 225 s.
4. Kartashkin V. A. Prava cheloveka: mezhdunarodnaja zashhita v uslovijah globalizacii. – M.: NORMA:INFRA-M, 2018. – 288 s.
5. Kolbasov O. S. Koncepcija jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti (Juridicheskij aspekt) // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1988. – # 12. – S. 47-55.
6. Koljada N. I. Osobennosti mezhdunarodno-pravovogo mehanizma ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy. – Simferopol', 2020. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/edu/student/nauka/type/nauchnaya_rabota/.
7. Kukushkina A.V. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye aspekty jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti na sovremennom jetape // Vestn. Tom. gos. un-ta. – 2020. – # 450. – S. 218-229. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: DOI:10.17223/15617793/450/26.
8. Nesterenko E. A. Zashhita okruzhajushhej sredy i jekologicheskaja bezopasnost' // Vseob"emljushhaja mezhdunarodnaja bezopasnost'. – M., 1990. – S. 250-256.
9. Smyshljaev V. A. Jekologicheskaja bezopasnost' Rossii v uslovijah globalizacii neustojchivosti: politologicheskij koncept: diss. dokt. polit. nauk. 23.00.05. – M. 2005. – 399 s.
10. Busby J. Environmental Security // The Oxford Handbook of International Security. Edited by: Gheciu A. and Wohlforth W. C. – 2018. – 784 r.
11. Busby J. W. Climate Change and US National Security:Sustaining Security Amidst Unsustainability. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://tobinproject.org/sites/tobinproject.org/files/assets/Busby%20-%20Climate%20Change%20and%20US%20National%20Security.pdf.
12. Deudney D. Environment and Security: Muddled Thinking // Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. – 1991. – # 47 (3). – P. 22-28.
13. McDonald M. Climate change and security: Towards ecological security? // International Theory. – 2018. – #10. – R. 153-180.
14. Silverburg S., Alshdaifat Sh. Strategic Chaos: The Role of International Law. // Saudi J. of Humanities and Social Sciences. – 2017. – Vol. 2, Iss.8. – P. 736-743.
15. The G20 Peoples’ Climate Vote 2021. – UNDP and University of Oxford. – October 2021. – 60 r.__ dokumentah
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Vakhitova R.Z.
Russia’s participation in the formation of a regime to ensure global energy security in the Middle East
In the article the basics of cooperation between Russia and Middle Eastern countries in the field of energy security have been analyzed. The key agreements concluded within the framework of the formation of ensuring global energy security have been considered.
Keywords: global energysecurity, Middle East, OPEC+
Work bibliographic list
1. Igisheva E. A., Morij S. M. Jenergeticheskaja bezopasnost' v sovremennom mire: osnovnye podhody k izucheniju. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/aeticle/v/energeticheskaya-bezopasnostv-sovremennom-mire-osnovnye-podhody-k-isucheniyu(data obrashhenija: 02.12.2021).
2. Nigmatullin R. V. «Blizhnevostochnyj sektor neftegazovoj strategii Rossijskoj Federacii» // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 12 (151). - S.18-21.
3. Novak A. V. Mezhdunarodnaja kooperacija v TJeK – put' k jenergeticheskoj bezopasnosti planety. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://minenergo.gov.ru/node/19097 (data obrashhenija: 30.11.2021).
4. Fazel'janov Je. M. Global'naja jenergeticheskaja bezopasnost' // Vostochnaja analitika. - 2020. - # 1. - S. 110.
5. Hartija sotrudnichestva stran-proizvoditelej nefti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://minenergo.gov.ru/node/15216 (data obrashhenija:03.12.2021).
6. Elaheh Koolaee. Iran’s Role in Energy Security at Regional and Global Levels. // Iranian Economic Review. - Vol. 15. -#.28. - Winter 2011. - P. 112.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Batalov A.A.
Some aspects of interaction between universal and regional mechanisms of cooperation in international air law
The article examines the issues of interaction between universal and regional mechanisms of regulation of air navigation and aviation safety. In this context the role of planning and implementation regional groups and regional aviation safety groups created within the framework of International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is shown. These regional groups are currently considered as the most progressive form of interaction between universal and regional mechanisms of cooperation in international air law.
Keywords: international cooperation, regional international organizations, air navigation, aviation safety, international standards, civil aviation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Batalov A.A. Istochniki mezhdunarodnogo vozdushnogo prava: aktual'nye voprosy teorii i praktiki // Moskovskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava. 2020. # 3.
2. Bordunov V.D., Kotov A.I., Maleev Ju.N. Pravovoe regulirovanie mezhdunarodnyh poletov grazhdanskih vozdushnyh sudov. M.: Nauka, 1988.
3. Lukashuk I.I. Normy mezhdunarodnogo prava v mezhdunarodnoj normativnoj sisteme. M.: Izdatel'stvo «Spark», 1997.
4. Chernichenko S.V. Kontury mezhdunarodnogo prava. Obshhie voprosy. M.: Nauchnaja kniga, 2014.
5. Abeyratne R. Strategic Issues in Air Transport. Legal, Economic and Technical Aspects. Springer International Publishing, 2012.
6. Behind and Beyond the Chicago Convention: The Evolution of Aerial Sovereignty/ Edited by Mendes de Leon P. and Buissing N. Kluwer Law International, 2019.
7. Report on the Evaluation of ICAO Standard-Setting Process (EV/2018/01).
8. World Civil Aviation Report. Vol. 3. Montreal. 2019.
9. Dejstvujushhie rezoljucii Assamblei (po sostojaniju na 4 oktjabrja 2019 goda). (Dokument IKAO 10140. 2020).
10. Direktivy regional'nym ajeronavigacionnym soveshhanijam i pravila procedury ih provedenija. Izdanie shestoe. IKAO. 1991. (ICAO Doc. 8144-AN/874-6).
11. Konvencija o mezhdunarodnoj grazhdanskoj aviacii 1944 g. (Dokument IKAO 7300/9. Izdanie devjatoe. 2006).
12. Rukovodstvo po upravleniju bezopasnost'ju poletov. Izdanie chetvertoe. IKAO, 2018. (ICAO Doc. 9859).
 
EUROPEAN LAW
Ariiantc A.A.
Scientific foundations as subjects of grant financing of science and technology: a comparative legal analysis
Science is one of the fundamental spheres of state activity. Today, the scientific communities of states are closely intertwined with the system of research grants, which helps scientists to conduct relevant scientific research. Russian scientists began to analyze the grant system only in the 1990s, with the arrival of foreign foundations, and Russian foundations for fundamental research and Russian Science Foundation.
Keywords: Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), Russian Science Foundation (RSF), grant financing of science, state support for research and innovation, the law of the Russian Federation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 27.04.1992 # 426 «O neotlozhnyh merah po sohraneniju nauchno-tehnicheskogo potenciala Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_3269/942772dce30cfa36b671bcf19ca928e4d698a928/ (data obrashhenija: 05.08.2021).
2. Ustav federal'nogo gosudarstvennogo bjudzhetnogo uchrezhdenija «Rossijskij fond fundamental'nyh issledovanij» (v redakcii Postanovlenija Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 17.04.2020 g.# 538). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.rfbr.ru/rffi/ru/n_695 (data obrashhenija:05.08.2021).
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O Rossijskom nauchnom fonde i vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 02.11.2013 # 291-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_153905/ (data obrashhenija: 14.10.2021).
4. Beljavskij O.V. Gosudarstvennyj fondy v sisteme stimulirovanija nauchnoj dejatel'nosti (na primere Rossijskogo fonda fundamental'nyh issledovanij) // Pravovaja politika i pravovaja zhizn'.2018.# 2.
5. Pravila organizacii i provedenija rabot po nauchnym proektam, podderzhannym federal'nym gosudarstvennym bjudzhetnym uchrezhdeniem «Rossijskij fond fundamental'nyh issledovanij».
6. Provalinskij D.I. Pravostimulirujushhaja rol' grantov // Obshhestvo: politika, jekonomika, pravo. 2016. # 9.
7. Crosland, Maurice, and Antonio Gálvez. “The Emergence of Research Grants within the Prize System of the French Academy of Sciences, 1795-1914.” Social Studies of Science, vol. 19, no. 1, 1989, pp. 71-100. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.jstor.org/stable/285041 (data obrashhenija: 05.08.2021).
8. Eric John Abrahamson, Ph.D. Beyond Charity. A century of Philanthropic Innovation. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.rockefellerfoundation.org/wp-content uploads/Beyond-Charity.pdf.pdf (data obrashhenija: 05.08.2021).

THE LAW OF FOREIGN STATES
Bazina O.O.
Personal data protection in the European Union and China. Social Credit System of the People’s Republic of China
Biometrics analyzes the physical and behavioral characteristics of people in order to identify their personality. A huge number of technologies in the field of biometric data collection are being developed by IT giants like Facebook, Alibaba. The European Union is taking a step towards the confidentiality of biometric information: in May 2018, the unified law on the protection of personal data, GDPR, comes into force. While European countries are implementing the GDPR by force, the Social Credit System has been launched in China since 2016 as a pilot project.
Keywords: biometrics, General Data Protection Regulation, People’s Republic of China, social credit system, social trust system.
Work bibliographic list
1. 《信息安全技术公共及商用服务信息系统个人信息保护指南》 (Rukovodstvo po zashhite personal'noj informacii v informacionnoj sisteme po okazaniju publichnyh i kommercheskih uslug). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E4%BF%A1%E6%81%AF%E5%AE%89%E5%85%A8%E6%8A%80%E6%9C%AF%E5%85%AC%E5%85%B1%E5%8F%8A%E5%95%86%E7%94%A8%E6%9C%8D%E5%8A%A1%E4%BF%A1%E6%81%AF%E7%B3%BB%E7%BB%9F%E4%B8%AA%E4%BA%BA%E4%BF%A1%E6%81%AF%E4%BF%9D%E6%8A%A4%E6%8C%87%E5%8D%97 (data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021).
2. Alibaba’s Jack Ma Supports Internet Data Use in Fighting Crime Tech giant’s co-founder suggests big data could help streamline police duties (Oct. 24, 2016).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.wsj.com/articles/alibabas-jack-ma-supportsinternet-data-use-in-fighting-crime-1477314916 (data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021).
3. Big Data ili bol'shie dannye — jeto strukturirovannye ili nestrukturirovannye massivy dannyh bol'shogo ob"ema. Ih obrabatyvajut pri pomoshhi special'nyh avtomatizirovannyh instrumentov, chtoby ispol'zovat' dlja statistiki, analiza, prognozov i prinjatija reshenij. // Big data: The next Google. Nature 455, 8-9 (2008).
4. General Data Protection Regulation. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1528874672298&uri=CE LEX%3A32016R0679#d1e4227-1-1 (data obrashhenija:10.11.2021).
5. Gkoulalas-Divanis A. Medical Data Privacy Handbook. Berlin, 2015. P. 619.
6. Kindt E. Privacy and Data Protection Issues of Biometric Applications. Leyden, 2013. P. 132.
7. Volevodz A.G. Standarty bezopasnosti udostoverjajushhih lichnost' dokumentov s biometricheskimi dannymi. Realizacija v RF i ES // Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija i mirovaja politika. 2015. # 1 (40). S. 89-104.
8. Direktiva N 95/46/ES Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta Evropejskogo Sojuza «O zashhite fizicheskih lic pri obrabotke personal'nyh dannyh i o svobodnom obrashhenii takih dannyh» (prinjata v Ljuksemburge 24.10.1995) (s izm. i dop. ot 29.09.2003)// SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
9. Ivan Avseenko. Social'nyj kredit sformiruet neravenstvo ravnyh. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.eastrussia.ru/material/sotsialnyy-kredit-sformiruet-neravenstvo-ravnykh/(data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021).
10. Konvencija o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod (zakljuchena v Rime 04.11.1950) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
11. Konvencija o zashhite fizicheskih lic pri avtomatizirovannoj obrabotke personal'nyh dannyh (zakljuchena v Strasburge 28.01.1981) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
12. Krivogin M.S. Osobennosti pravovogo regulirovanija biometricheskih personal'nyh dannyh. // Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. 2017. # 2. S.80–89. (DOI: 10.17323/2072-8166.2017.2.80.89).
13. Leonid Kovachich. Bol'shoj brat 2.0. Kak Kitaj stroit cifrovuju diktaturu. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://carnegie.ru/commentary/71546(data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021).
14. Standarty na biometricheskie pasporta soderzhatsja v dokumente IKAO Doc9303: ICAO Document 9303, Part 1, Volume 1 (OCR mashinochitaemye pasporta);ICAO Document 9303, Part 1, Volume 2 (e-pasporta ili pasporta s RFID-chipom); ICAO Document 9303, Part 3 (identifikacionnye plastikovye kartochki). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.icao.int/publications/Documents/9303_p1_cons_ru.pdf (data poseshhenija: 10.11.2021).
15. 个人信息保护法 (Zakon KNR «O zashhite lichnoj informacii») / 20 avgusta 2021 goda 30-e zasedanie Postojannogo komiteta 13-go Vsekitajskogo sobranija narodnyh predstavitelej progolosovalo za prinjatie « Zakona Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki o zashhite lichnoj informacii». Dejstvuet s 1 nojabrja 2021 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E4%B8%AA%E4%BA%BA%E4%BF%A1%E6%81%AF%E4%BF%9D%E6%8A%A4%E6%B3%95/8343360?fr=aladdin#8 (data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021).
16. 中华人民共和国国家发展和改革委员会. (Gosudarstvennyj komitet po razvitiju i reformam KNR). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/ (data obrashhenija: 11.01.2020).
17. 中华人民共和国数据安全法 (Zakon KNR «o bezopasnosti dannyh») / «Zakon Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki o bezopasnosti dannyh» - jeto zakon, razrabotannyj dlja regulirovanija dejatel'nosti po obrabotke dannyh, obespechenija bezopasnosti dannyh, sodejstvija razrabotke i ispol'zovaniju dannyh, zashhity zakonnyh prav i interesov otdel'nyh lic i organizacij, a takzhe zashhity nacional'nogo suvereniteta, bezopasnosti i interesy razvitija. 10 ijunja 2021 goda na 29-m zasedanii Postojannogo komiteta 13-go Vsekitajskogo sobranija narodnyh predstavitelej byl prinjat «Zakon Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki o bezopasnosti dannyh», kotoryj vstupit v silu 1 sentjabrja 2021 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E4%B8%AD%E5%8D%8E%E4%BA%BA%E6%B0%91%E5%85%B1%E5%92%8C%E5%9B%BD%E6%95%B0%E6%8D%AE%E5%AE%89%E5%85%A8%E6%B3%95/22861124?fromtitle=%E6%95%B0%E6%8D%AE%E5%AE%89%E5%85%A8%E6%B3%95&fromid=51219753&fr=aladdin#reference-[4]-23428442-wrap (data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021).
18. 中华人民共和国网络安全法 (Zakon KNR «O kiberbezopasnosti») / «Zakon Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki o setevoj bezopasnosti» - jeto zakon, razrabotannyj dlja obespechenija setevoj bezopasnosti, zashhity suvereniteta kiberprostranstva i nacional'noj bezopasnosti, social'nyh obshhestvennyh interesov, zashhity zakonnyh prav i interesov grazhdan, juridicheskih lic i drugih organizacij, a takzhe sposobstvovat' zdorovomu razvitiju jekonomicheskoj i social'noj informatizacii. Zakon
Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki o kiberbezopasnosti byl prinjat na 24-m zasedanii Postojannogo komiteta 12-go Vsekitajskogo sobranija narodnyh predstavitelej Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki 7 nojabrja 2016 g. i vstupil v silu 1 ijunja 2017g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E4%B8%AD%E5%8D%8E%E4%BA%BA%E6%B0%91%E5%85%B1%E5%92%8C%E5%9B%BD%E7%BD%91%E7%BB%9C%E5%AE%89%E5%85%A8%E6%B3%95/16843044?fr=aladdin (data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021).
19. 全国人大常委会关于加强网络信息保护的决定(28.12.2012) (Reshenie PK VSNP po usileniju zashhity setevoj informacii). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.gov.cn/jrzg/2012-12/28/content_2301231.htm (data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021).
20. 国务院关于印发社会信用体系建设规划纲要(2014–2020年)的通知 (14.06.2014). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/content/2014-06/27/content_8913.htm (data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021).
21. 国务院办公厅关于社会信用体系 建 设 的 若 干 意见 国办发〔2007〕17号. («Neskol'ko zamechanij kanceljarii Gossoveta KNR o sozdanii sistemy social'nogo kredita»). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.gov.cn/zwgk/2007-04/02/
content_569314.htm (data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021).
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Besova N.N., Veramovich Ya.S., Menshikov P.V.
The current stage of development of tax legal relations in the Russian Federation
The article is devoted to the role of the tax system in the functioning of the economy. An analysis of the current tax legal relations in the Russian Federation is given. The features are revealed and the characteristics of the current stage of development of the tax system of the Russian Federation are given. The periods of institutionalization of tax administration in the Russian Federation are highlighted. The directions of development of the tax system are substantiated taking into account the world theory and practice of taxation.
Keywords: tax, state, tax system, tax authorities, direct taxes, indirect taxes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vinnickij D.V. Nalogovoe objazatel'stvo i sistema nalogovogo objazatel'stvennogo prava // Zakonodatel'stvo. – 2003. – # 7. – S. 22-31.
2. Vlasenko L.V. Nalogovye pravovye pozicii sudov:teorija i praktika: monografija / Pod red. I.A. Cindeliani. – M.: Norma, INFRA-M, 2017. – 160 s.
3. Dmitrieva K.N. Problemy opredelenija nalogovogo rezidentstva v Rossii // Nalogi. – 2011. – # 5. – S. 10-15.
4. Karaseva (Sencova) M.V. Grazhdansko-pravovaja determinacija nalogovogo pravotvorchestva i pravoprimenenija // Finansovoe pravo. – 2012. – # 4. – S.21-26.
5. Ljutova O.I. Nalogovaja objazannost', kak institut
nalogovogo prava. Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2014. – 223 s.
6. Nazarov V.N. Osnovy nalogovogo prava. – M.: Kompanija Sputnik+, 2008. – 165 c.
7. Nazarov R.V. Processual'nye osobennosti ispolnenija nalogovoj objazannosti // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. – 2014. – # 3.
8. Shatalov S.D. Kommentarij k Nalogovomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii. Glavy 23-24. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: MCFJeR, 2017. – 1040 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Bayniyazova Z.S.
On the importance of legal policy for the development of the Russian legal system
The article examines the importance of legal policy for the legal system. The social significance of legal policy for determining the directions of further development of the domestic legal system is explained. The article substantiates the position that ensuring the compliance of the legal system with modern challenges presupposes the strengthening of its value foundations and is largely determined by the role of legal policy. In the conditions of dynamism of public relations, the formation of parameters for the sustainable development of the legal system is associated with the understanding of the systemic impact of legal policy. Legal policy has a functional significance for the legal system in terms of its organization and functioning. At the same time, the author makes a reasoned position about the close interdependence of legal policy and the legal system.
Keywords: legal system, legal policy, legal regulation, law-making, law enforcement, legal status of the individual, dynamism of public relations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 7 maja 2018 g. # 204 (red. Ot 21.07.2020) «O nacional'nyh celjah i strategicheskih zadachah razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2024 goda» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. -2018. - # 20. - St. 2817; Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 2020. - # 30. - St. 4884.
2. Rybakov O. Ju. Pravovaja politika kak nauchnaja teorija v juridicheskih issledovanijah // Pravo. Zakonodatel'stvo. Lichnost'. - 2010. - # 2.
3. Tiunova L. B. Sistemnye svjazi pravovoj dejstvitel'nosti. - SPb., 1991.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Golovastova Yu.A., Vidova T.A., Mityaeva Yu.V.
On the question of the formation of new branches of law
The article presents the debatable points of the allocation of regulatory subsystems as independent branches of law. The authors of the article pay attention to the system-forming criteria for the formation of a new branch of law.
The authors analyzed the current state of regulatory subsystems claiming the status of a «branch of law» in the future. In particular, the trends in the development of individual legal institutions are revealed on the example of the basic operating branches of law, where attention is focused on the complexity of their structure, the expansion and specialization of legal norms, the emergence of sub-branches of law. The paper arguments in favor of the rejection of artificially giving normative subsystems the status of a branch of law.
Keywords: branch of law, sub-branch of law, system of law, structure of law, differentiation and integration of law, rule of law, system of legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anisimov A.P., Jushkova N.G. Gradostroitel'noe pravo – novaja otrasl' v sisteme rossijskogo prava //Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. 2008. # 12 (48). S. 4-15.
2. Bastrykina O.A. Sistemoobrazujushhie svjazi vnutrennego soderzhanija prava: avtoref. dis. … na so-isk. kand. jurid. nauk. Volgograd, 2006. 28 s.
3. Baboshin O.A. Sistema konstitucionnogo prava kak otrasli rossijskogo prava: voprosy teorii i praktiki: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2001. 232 s.
4. Golovastova Ju.A. K voprosu o geneticheskih svjazjah ugolovno-ispolnitel'nogo prava s rodstvennymi otrasljami prava // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. 2017. # 5. S. 153-156.
5. Golovastova Ju.A. Modifikacija predmeta ugolovno-ispolnitel'nogo prava kak otrasli prava // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. 2016. # 2 (24). S. 56-59.
6. Kononov K.A. Predmet otrasli poluchaet svoe real'noe vyrazhenie v sisteme: professor E.I. Kozlova o sisteme otrasli konstitucionnogo prava i ee institutah // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2020. T. 15. #3 (112). S. 26-34.
7. Luk'janova E.A. Zakon kak istochnik sovremennogo gosudarstvennogo prava: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 1984. 19 s.
8. Makeeva E.M. Sistema prava Rossijskoj Federacii (voprosy teorii i praktiki): avtoref. dis. … na soisk. kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2006. 23 s.
9. Man'kovskij I.A., Vobishheva S.S. Grazhdanskoe pravo. Obshhaja chast'. V 3 t. T 1. Vvedenie v grazhdanskoe pravo. Minsk, 2015. 488 s.
10. Mishina N.V. Pravo iskusstvennogo intellekta kak novaja sfera pravovogo regulirovanija ili novaja otrasl' prava // Evrazijskij Sojuz uchenyh. 2020. # 3(72). S. 62-65.
11. Otrasli zakonodatel'stva i otrasli prava Rossijskoj Federacii: obshheteoreticheskij, mezhotraslevoj, otraslevoj i istoriko-pravovoj aspekty:monografija. Pod obshh. red. R.L. Hachaturova. M.: Jurlitinform, 2017. 584 s.
12. Polenina S.V. Kompleksnye pravovye instituty i stanovlenie novyh otraslej prava // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Pravovedenie. 1975. # 3. S. 71-79.
13. Sorokin V.D. Metod pravovogo regulirovanija: teoreticheskie problemy. M., 1976. 142 s.
14. Fokina M.A. Dokazatel'stvennoe pravo – strukturnoe podrazdelenie grazhdansko-processual'nogo prava // Pravovedenie. 2000. # 3. S. 193-194.
15. Sherstjuk V.M. Osnovnye problemy sistemy grazhdanskogo processual'nogo prava: dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. M., 1989. 399 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Dorofeeva M.A., Miroshnichenko O.I.
Some trends in the legal regulation of the Institute of online education. Part 1
The purpose of this study is to analyze the general trends of digitalization in the field of education. The authors draw some conclusions regarding the actual prevalence of local rule-making in this area, state the absence of a qualitative and logically complete system of definitions at the level of federal legislation, and also formulate and systematize the strengths and weaknesses of modern e-education.
Keywords: online education, online platforms, electronic environment, digitalization of education, legal regulation of education.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ob utverzhdenii Porjadka primenenija organizacijami, osushhestvljajushhimi obrazovatel'nuju dejatel'nost', jelektronnogo obuchenija, distancionnyh obrazovatel'nyh tehnologij pri realizacii obrazovatel'nyh programm: pis'mo Ministerstva obrazovanija i nauki RF ot 23 avgusta 2017 g. N 816 //Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2017. - P. 7.
2. Ob utverzhdenii Porjadka primenenija organizacijami, osushhestvljajushhimi obrazovatel'nuju dejatel'nost', jelektronnogo obuchenija, distancionnyh obrazovatel'nyh tehnologij pri realizacii obrazovatel'nyh programm: pis'mo Ministerstva obrazovanija i nauki RF ot 23 avgusta 2017 g. N 816 //Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2017. - P. 8.
3. O licenzirovanii obrazovatel'noj dejatel'nosti:Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 28.10.2013 #966 (red. ot 21.02.2020) P. 5 // Rossijskaja gazeta. -2013. - 31 oktjabrja.
4. O nacional'noj doktrine obrazovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii: Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 4 oktjabrja 2000 g. # 751 //Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2000. - 11 oktjabrja.
5. O provedenii jeksperimenta v oblasti distancionnogo obrazovanija: prikaz Minobrazovanija RF ot 30.05.1997 N 1050 (red. ot 07.05.1998). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=EXP&n=345302#09336049242175302.
6. O Federal'noj celevoj programme razvitija obrazovanija na 2006–2010 gody: Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 23 dekabrja 2005 g. N 8. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://base.garant.ru/189041/
7. O Federal'noj celevoj programme «Razvitie edinoj obrazovatel'noj informacionnoj sredy (2001-2005 gody): Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 28 avgusta 2001 g. # 630. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://base.garant.ru/1586371/
8. Abramova N. G., Bosak E. E. Primenenie jelektronnogo obuchenija v obrazovatel'nom processe // Vektory razvitija sistemy professional'nogo obrazovanija v svete utverzhdenija gosudarstvennoj programmy rossijskoj federacii «razvitie obrazovanija»:
mater. nauchno-metodicheskoj konf., Rjazan, 29-30 marta 2018 g. - M.: Izdatel'stvo Akademija FSIN Rossii, 2018. - S. 16-22.
9. Informacionnoe obshhestvo: Pasport gosudarstvennoj programmy Rossijskoj Federacii (utv. Postanovleniem Pravitel'stva ot 15.04.14 g. # 313. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_162184/f0917
9663f3f8d147faddc7e0a531e915284e98b/
10. Kurilov V. I., Samusenko T. M., Sonin V. V., Prisekina N. G., Falaleev A. G. Juridicheskaja shkola dal'nevostochnogo universiteta: istorija, opyt i plany innovacionnoj dejatel'nosti // Lex russica (Russkij zakon). - 2013. - T. 95. - # 8. - S. 808-819.
11. Kurilov V. I., Samusenko T. M., Sonin V. V. Pjat'desjat let juridicheskomu obrazovaniju v dal'nevostochnom gosudarstvennom universitete // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Pravovedenie. - 2008. - # 4(279). - S. 6-18.
12. Nazarchuk Ju. I. Onlajn-obuchenie kak al'ternativa klassicheskomu obucheniju // Sovremennye lingvisticheskie i metodiko-didakticheskie issledovanija.- 2019. - # 2 (42). - S. 83-92.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Ivanets G.I.
Influence of processes of formation of legal consciousness on deviating and deviant behavior of personality
This article discusses the influence of the processes of formation of legal consciousness on the deviating and deviant behavior of the person. In particular, the main goal of the study is to demonstrate the direct relationship between the formation of deformations of legal consciousness and deviating or deviant personality behavior. To achieve the goal, special-legal methods were used: formal-legal, technical-legal, historical-legal, legal modeling method.
As the analysis showed, the theory of marginality deals with the main issues of studying the influence of the deformation of legal consciousness on personality behavior. According to this theory, which the author of the article adheres to, the root causes of the formation of deviations and deviating behavior are the same factors that lead to the formation in a person of deformations of legal consciousness, for example, improper moral and moral attitudes of the family; the influence of radical public opinion and the media; the imperfection of existing legislation; the decline in the prestige of state bodies in the eyes of the population, and other factors.
As recommendations for the conclusion of the study, it was clarified that it is not permissible to equate any form of deformation of legal consciousness with criminal behavior, since it should be borne in mind that some of them do not carry openly deviant manifestations in the behavior of the subject, but, being obvious deviation from the generally accepted norm, can cause signs of deviating behavior.
Keywords: legal consciousness, deformation, marginal theory, deviant behavior, deviating behavior.
Work bibliographic list
1. Osnovy gosudarstvennoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii v sfere razvitija pravovoj gramotnosti i pravosoznanija grazhdan: utv. Prezidentom RF [ot 28.04.2011 g. # Pr-1168] // Konsul'tant pljus. SPS.
2. Dzanagova M. K. Deformacija pravosoznanija. Prichiny i posledstvija // European research. – 2016. – #12 (23). – S. 66-68.
3. Karpec I. I. Pravosoznanie i prichiny prestupnosti // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1968. – #12. – S. 47-54.
4. Kudrjavcev V. N. Pravovoe povedenie: norma i patologija. – M.: Nauka, 1982. – 287 s.
5. Morozevich V. S. Vozdejstvie pravosoznanija na pravovoe povedenie lichnosti // Izvestija Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta.– 2008. – # 1 (25). – S. 52-55.
6. Ozhegov S. I. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka. – M.:AST, 2019. – 1072 s.
7. Petrov V. R. Osobennosti pravovogo soznanija i pravovoj kul'tury marginal'noj lichnosti // Juridicheskaja nauka i praktika: Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii. – 2013. – # 24. – S. 27.
8. Simakova T. A. Psihologicheskie determinanty razvitija individual'nogo pravosoznanija i profilaktiki deviantnogo povedenija lichnosti // Evrazijskij Sojuz Uchenyh. – 2015. – # 5-6(14). – S. 152-156.
9. Stepanenko R. F. Osobennosti rossijskoj pravovoj kul'tury v issledovanijah obshhepravovoj teorii marginal'nosti // Leningradskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2015. – # 2(40). – S. 31-42.
10. Chuljukin L. D. Obshhaja teorija marginal'nosti: problemy pravovogo podhoda // Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i sociologii. – 2010. – # 2. – S. 96-103.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Mamichev V.N., Sostin D.I.
Digitalization and its impact on the legal consciousness of young people
The article points out that the modern stage of human development is accompanied by the transition to an information society in which digital technologies play an important role and its evolution directly affects the legal consciousness of society.
The authors analyze some topical issues of the formation of legal awareness of young people in the process of information society development. The theoretical issues of digitalization and their impact on the legal consciousness of young people are analyzed.
Keywords: state, society, digitalization, legal awareness, youth.
Work bibliographic list
1. Glotov M. B. Sociodinamicheskaja koncepcija «mozaichnoj kul'tury» A. Molja kak proobraz ee virtual'noj modeli // Serija “Symposium”, Virtual'noe prostranstvo kul'tury. Vypusk 3 / Materialy nauchnoj konferencii 11–13 aprelja 2000 g. – Sankt-Peterburg: Sankt-Peterburgskoe filosofskoe obshhestvo, 2000. – C. 64-66.
2. Plotnikov V. A. Cifrovizacija proizvodstva: teoreticheskaja sushhnost' i perspektivy razvitija v rossijskoj jekonomike / Sankt-Peterburgskij jekonomicheskij universitet. – 2018. – # 4 (112). – S. 16-23.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Mustafin I.R.
The path to a social state through amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation
The article analyzes the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation as amended in 2020, in the light of the specification of the provisions on the social state, in particular, it examines and analyzes in detail Art. 75.1, which reveals the features of the welfare state. A special role is assigned to the generally recognized principles and norms of international law.
Keywords: State, welfare state, rule of law, sustainable development, international law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avak'jan S. A. Proekty zakonov o popravkah k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii: grjadet raund chetvertyj? // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. - 2020. - # 1. - S. 31-44.
2. Afanas'ev D. V. Obshhestvo i vlast': poisk putej formirovanija vzaimnogo doverija // Jekonomicheskie i social'nye peremeny: fakty, tendencii, prognoz. - # 5 (35). - S. 173-178.
3. Vseobshhaja deklaracija prav cheloveka. Oficial'nyj sajt OON. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/declhr.shtml (data obrashhenija: 27.11.2021).
4. Djurkgejm Je. Moral'noe vospitanie / Per. s fr., vstup. st., primech. A. B. Gofmana; Nac. issled. un-t «Vysshaja shkola jekonomiki». - M.: Izd. Dom Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki, 2021. - 456 s.
5. Zakljuchenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 16 marta 2020 g. # 1-Z «O sootvetstvii polozhenijam glav 1, 2 i 9 Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii ne vstupivshih v silu polozhenij Zakona Rossijskoj Federacii o popravke k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii «O sovershenstvovanii regulirovanija otdel'nyh voprosov organizacii i funkcionirovanija publichnoj vlasti», a takzhe o sootvetstvii Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii porjadka vstuplenija v silu stat'i 1 dannogo Zakona v svjazi s zaprosom Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 2020. - # 12. - St. 1855.
6. Il'in I. A. Nashi zadachi: istoricheskaja sud'ba i budushhee Rossii: stat'i 1948-1954 gg.: V 2 t. T. 1. - M.:MP «Rarog», 1992. - 616 s.
7. Kont O. Obshhij obzor pozitivizma: per. s fr. / pod red. Je. L. Radlova. izd. 3-e. - M.: Knizhnyj dom «Librokom», 2012. - 296 s.
8. Malahov V. P., Aznagulova G. M. Problema pravoponimanija v uslovijah cifrovoj real'nosti // Vestnik Moskovskogo gorodskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. - 2021. - # 2 (42). - S. 37-44.
9. Mezhdunarodnyj pakt ob jekonomicheskih, social'nyh i kul'turnyh pravah. Oficial'nyj sajt OON.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/pactecon.shtml (data obrashhenija: 27.11.2021).
10. Ozhegov S. I. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://slovar-ozhegova.biz/chto-oznachaet-slovo-solidarnost(data obrashhenija: 27.11.2021).
11. Pravo i jekonomika: nacional'nye interesy i global'nye trendy / Monografija pod red. G. M. Aznagulovoj. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2021. - 232 s.
12. Sovremennye problemy organizacii publichnoj vlasti: monografija / Ruk. avtorskogo koll. i otv. red. – d.ju.n, prof. Avak'jan S. A. - M.: Justicnin-form, 2014. - 596 s.
13. Solov'ev V. S. Opravdanie dobra / Otv. red. O. A. Platonov. - M.: Institut russkoj civilizacii, Algoritm, 2012. - 656 s.
14. Habrieva T. Ja., Klishas A. A. Tematicheskij kommentarij k Zakonu Rossijskoj Federacii o popravke k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14 marta 2020 g. # 1-FKZ «O sovershenstvovanii regulirovanija otdel'nyh voprosov organizacii i funkcionirovanija publichnoj vlasti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 27.11.2021).
15. Shtejn L. Fon. Istorija social'nogo dvizhenija vo Francii s 1789 g.: per. so 2 nem. Izd. T. 1. - SPb.: tip. A. M. Kotomica, 1872. - 305 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Mukhametov P.A., Khakimov S.K.
Protection of objects of historical and cultural heritage in modern history: problems of law enforcement (on the example of the Republic of Bashkortostan)
The article focuses on the development of legal norms aimed at regulating relations in the field of preservation, use, popularization and state protection of cultural heritage objects in the Republic of Bashkortostan in the 20th -21st century. On the basis of scientific literature and periodicals, the author analyzes the main stages of the lawmaking activities of the republican authorities in the protection of historical and cultural monuments. The main gaps in the law that require legal regulation for more effective protection and use of objects of historical and cultural heritage are identified.
Keywords: Republic of Bashkortostan, monument of history and culture, cultural heritage, legal regulation, architectural monuments.
Work bibliographic list
1. Krasnaja Bashkirija. - 1940. - 12 janvarja. - # 10.
2. Nigmatullina I. V. Staraja Ufa. Istoriko-kraevedcheskij ocherk. - Ufa: Belaja reka, 2007.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Petyukova O.N.
The role of federal constitutional justice in protecting the pension rights of citizens in the context of amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation
The article is devoted to the study of the features of constitutional justice in the field of pensions, taking into account the amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, adopted during the all-Russian vote in 2020.
The author considers the legal status and powers of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation; the principles developed by the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation when considering the issues of pension provision, as well as the procedure for the implementation of constitutional justice.
When preparing the article, the author used dialectical, systemic, comparative legal, statistical and other methods.
The article provides statistical data of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on the consideration of regulatory provisions for compliance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation for 2015-2020.
The author notes that the legal positions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation are designed not only to reveal the inconsistency of some regulatory legal acts and draft regulatory legal acts with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, but also to contribute to the development of key principles for the development of legislation in the future.
The decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation significantly affect the protection of the pension rights of citizens.
Taking into account the legal positions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, law enforcement practice is taking shape as a whole, and trends in the development of Russian pension legislation.
Keywords: Law, Constitutional Court, pension legislation, pension law enforcement, constitutional justice, Pension Fund, protection of rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abramova M.G. Konstitucionnoe pravosudie Rossii i mnogourovnevyj konstitucionalizm // Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. 2017. # 2 (48).S. 99-109.
2. Agapcov S.A., Degtjarev G.P. Pensionnaja reforma v Rossii: celi i rezul'taty. Monografija. M.: GNII sist. analiza Schetnoj Palaty RF, 2008.
3. Arapov N.A. Princip podderzhanija doverija grazhdan k zakonu i dejstvijam gosudarstva v rossijskom konstitucionnom prave i pravosudii: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. SPb., 2015. S. 80-88.
4. Voronin Ju.V., Petjukova O.N., Tihomirov Ju.A., Habrieva T.Ja., Shilohvost O.Ju. i dr. Pravo i social'noe razvitie: novaja gumanisticheskaja ierarhija cennostej: monografija. M., 2015.
5. Zor'kin V.D. Konstitucija i prava cheloveka v XXI veke. M.: Norma, 2008.
6. Zor'kin V.D. Konstitucionno-pravovoe razvitie Rossii. M., 2011.
7. Machul'skaja E.E. Pravo social'nogo obespechenija. M.: ID Jurajt, 2010.
8. Marchenko M.N. Sudebnoe pravotvorchestvo i sudejskoe pravo. M.: Prospekt, 2011.
9. Nersesjanc V.S. Sud ne zakonodatel'stvuet i ne upravljaet, a primenjaet pravo (o pravoprimenitel'noj prirode sudebnyh aktov) // Sudebnaja praktika kak istochnik prava. M., 1997.
10. Pokladova T.A., Hilja N.G. Osnovnye izmenenija i transformacii pensionnoj sistemy v dinamike za poslednie 20 let// Pensija zhurnal. 2020 # 3. S. 41-45.
11. Samarenko E.V. O rassmotrenii reshenija suda, objazyvajushhego territorial'nyj organ PFR vkljuchit' v strahovoj stazh (stazh na sootvetstvujushhih vidah rabot) opredelennyj period// Pensija zhurnal. 2019 # 7. S. 28.
12. Semenova M.A. Primery prakticheskoj realizacii polozhenij zakona v chasti vyplaty pensij rabotajushhim pensioneram// Pensija zhurnal. 2016 # 1. S. 45-49.
13. Habrieva T.Ja., Klishas A.A. Tematicheskij kommentarij k Zakonu Rossijskoj Federacii o popravke k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14 marta 2020 g. # 1-FKZ «O sovershenstvovanii regulirovanija otdel'nyh voprosov organizacii i funkcionirovanija publichnoj vlasti». M.: Norma, INFRA-M, 2020.
14. Cherepanov V.A. O pravovoj vozmozhnosti povyshenija pensionnogo vozrasta: analiz reshenij Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2020. # 5. S. 50-58.
15. Chirkov S.A. O principah primenenija pri osushhestvlenii pensionnogo obespechenija pravovoj pozicii Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii, izlozhennoj v postanovlenii ot 29 janvarja 2004 goda # 2-P // Pensija zhurnal. 2016. # 11. S. 31-34.
16. Chirkov S.A. Princip sootnosimosti razmera pensii i utrachennoj zarabotnoj platy v postanovlenii Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossii ot 19 fevralja 2018 g. # 9-P// Pensija zhurnal. 2018 # 7. S. 72.
17. Chirkov S.A. Vlijanie federal'nogo konstitucionnogo pravosudija na pensionnye prava grazhdan //SPS Konsul'tantPljus. 2015.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Prys I.E.
Constitutionalism of the contemporary Russian political regime in Russia
The article analyzes the origin and development of the institution of the political regime, gives the points of view of the concept of various scientists, studies the types of political regime, methods of government of the current government with a certain political regime.
The elements of the implementation of political regimes are correlated with other similar political categories, such as power, political system, political process, as well as constitutional principles characterizing the political regime in the Russian Federation with similar and
other regimes taking place in other countries of the world. The role and significance of the political regime in modern Russia has been determined.
Keywords: political regime, Constitution, amendments, democracy, power, state, political system, political process, interaction, constitutionalism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 goda; s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 1 ijulja 2020 goda) // Rossijskaja gazeta - Federal'nyj vypusk. # 144 (8198).
2. Vstrecha s senatorami Rossijskoj Federacii. —Prezident Rossii. — 23 sentjabrja 2020 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://kremlin.ru/events/president/news/64076.
3. Gorbul' Ju.A. Politicheskie rezhimy sovremennyh gosudarstv: monografija. Novokuzneck: Kuzbasskij institut FSIN Rossii, 2019. 64 s.
4. Dal' R. Poliarhija, pljuralizm i prostranstvo //Voprosy filosofii. 1994. # 3.
5. Luckij A.G. 1991-2001 gg.: dissertacija ... kandidata politicheskih nauk: 23.00.02. M., 2003.
6. Poslanie Prezidenta V. Putina Federal'nomu Sobraniju. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.ntv.ru/video/1814520/
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Chanbarisov A.T.
Legal framework for countering illegal migration in modern Russia
The article analyzes the development of the legal framework for countering illegal migration in the Russian Federation. Having studied various periods of Russian statehood, the author came to the conclusion that the legal foundations for countering this phenomenon were laid at the very beginning of the existence of our state. They developed together with the social system, the political system and the needs of practice. However, due to the wide range of legal instruments governing various aspects of migration, further discussion is now needed on measures to streamline this area of relations.
Keywords: illegal migration, opposition, development of legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andrichenko L.V., Pljugina I.V. Migracionnoe zakonodatel'stvo Rossijskoj Federacii: tendencii razvitija i praktika primenenija: monografija //IZiSP, NORMA, INFRA-M, 2019. - 392 s.
2. Arakcheev V.A. Problema «urochnyh let» v Russkom gosudarstve v konce XVI-nachalo XVII veka // Izvestija RGPU. - 2008. - # 5. - S. 31-37.
3. Buzhak K.V. K voprosu o periodizacii istorii pravovogo regulirovanija migracii v Rossijskom gosudarstve // Jurist. - 2014. - # 4. - S. 31-35.
4. Gnedova N.P. Pravovoe polozhenie inostrancev v Rossii XVI-XIX vv. // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema: pravo, jekonomika, upravlenie. - 2019. - # 1.- S. 34-36.
5. Karpovich O.G. Upravlenie migracionnymi processami v SShA i Rossii: sravnitel'nyj analiz. -M., 2015.
6. Nigmatullin R.V., Sulejmanova R.R. Migracionnaja politika gosudarstva kak faktor ego stabil'nosti v sovremennom mire // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - # 12 (127). - S. 370-373.
7. Otechestvennoe zakonodatel'stvo XI-XX vekov: XI-XIX veka. Posobie dlja seminarov. Ch. 1 / Kut'ina G.A., Novickaja T.E., Chistjakov O.I.; Pod red.: Chistjakov O. I. - M.: Jurist", 1999. - 464 c.
8. Sovershenstvovanie zakonodatel'stva v sfere migracii: konstitucionno-pravovoj analiz i praktika realizacii. (monografija) / Pod obshhej redakciej A.S. Prudnikova. A.S. Prudnikov, T.A. Prudnikova, V.Ju. Fedorovich, L.L. Tuzov i dr. - M.:JuNITI-DANA: Zakon i pravo, 2018. - 159 s.
9. Fumm A.M. Administrativno-pravovoj status inostrancev v Rossii XVIII v. // Istorija gosudarstva i prava. - 2013. - # 3. - S. 54-59.
10. Hrestomatija po istorii gosudarstva i prava Rossii: ucheb. posobie / sost. Ju.P. Titov. — M: TK Velbi, Izd-vo Prospekt, 2004. - 475 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Falkina T.Yu., Alimpiev S.A.
Legal policy in the field of digitalization of law
The article examines the features of legal policy in the field of digitalization of law, defines the
principles of the legal policy of the state, reveals the forms of implementation of the legal policy of the state. The authors pay special attention to the processes of transformation of law, approaches to digitalization of the state-legal sphere.
Keywords: digitalization of law, digital rights, digital space, internet, mechanism of legal regulation, legal regulation, law enforcement, lawmaking, transformation of law, directions of legal policy, principles of legal policy, digitalization of the state legal sphere, forms of implementation of legal policy.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Besova N.N., Volokitina Ya.V., Mokhorov D.A.
Formation of the tax system and the institute of tax legal relations in Russia
The article is devoted to the analysis of the historical stages of the formation and development of the tax system in Russia. The essential characteristic of the main stages of the formation of the modern tax system is determined. The analysis was based on tax relations in the Soviet period. The cycles of transformation of tax administration into a structured, hierarchical system are considered. The main trends and prospects for the progressive development of the tax system based on world theoretical and practical experience are outlined.
Keywords: tax, state, tax system, tax authorities, direct taxes, indirect taxes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vinnickij D. V. Nalogovoe objazatel'stvo i sistema nalogovogo objazatel'stvennogo prava // Zakonodatel'stvo. – 2003. – # 7. – S. 22-31.
2. Garaev I. G. Nalogovoe pravo: ucheb. posobie. – Kazan', 2010. – 215 s.
3. Karaseva (Sencova) M. V. Grazhdansko-pravovaja determinacija nalogovogo pravotvorchestva i pravoprimenenija // Finansovoe pravo. – 2012. – # 4. – S.21-26.
4. Kljukovich Z. A. Nalogi i nalogooblozhenie. –Rostov-na-Donu: Feniks, 2009. – 344 s.
5. Ljutova O. I. Nalogovaja objazannost', kak institut nalogovogo prava. Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M.,2014. – 223 s.
6. Nazarov V. N. Osnovy nalogovogo prava. - M.: Kompanija Sputnik+, 2008. – 165 c.
7. Nazarov R. V. Processual'nye osobennosti ispolnenija nalogovoj objazannosti // Zakony Rossii:opyt, analiz, praktika. – 2014. – # 3.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Potokin Yu.N.
Place and role of German law in integration processes
The relationship between EU law and German constitutional law, as well as the respective dialogue between the European Court of Justice and the German Federal Constitutional Court (FCC), has significantly influenced the EU integration process, creates areas of tension and establishes possible legal boundaries. The rulings of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany and the European Court of Justice regarding the European stabilization mechanism are just the latest examples of this phenomenon. Of course, these developments have also spread to other EU member states. The constitutional foundations of Germany and the restrictions on integration into the EU, particularly set out in the relevant decisions of the German Federal Constitutional Court, have become an area of particular concern to study the integration processes of German law. This article provides an up-to-date overview of the relevant constitutional rules, judicial decisions and scientific debates in Germany regarding integration processes. This is achieved by systematically distinguishing between the analysis of Germany’s constitutional framework for EU integration, the constitutional constraints on further EU transfers of power through amendments to the basic law EU version and land law restrictions on German integration processes.
Keywords: German law, integration, basic law, land legislation, EU.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aktual'nye voprosy social'noj teorii i praktiki v sovremennom obshhestve: monografija / Pod obshh. red. prof. V. P. Shalaeva. – Joshkar-Ola: PGTU, 2020. – 384 s.
2. Gejmbuh N. G. «Vernost' federacii» kak osnovopolagajushhij konstitucionnyj princip germanskogo federalizma // Pravovye problemy ukreplenija rossijskoj gosudarstvennosti: sb. st. – Tomsk, 2015.– Ch. 46. – S. 107-109.
3. Gejmbuh N. G. Konstitucionno-pravovye osnovy reformirovanija federativnyh otnoshenij v sovremennoj Germanii // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – M., 2019.– # 7. – S. 68-74.
4. Shalaev V. P., Nidermajer K. Polja social'noj raboty i rol' prava v nej (opyt Germanii): mezhdu obrazovaniem i praktikoj // Integracija obrazovanija. – 2017. – T. 21. – # 2. – S. 184-198.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Ganieva D.Z.
Constitutional and legal regulation of economic relations in the conditions of digitalization in modern Russia
The article discusses a controversial issue related to the digitalization of the domestic legal system, the interconnectedness of law and economics in the conditions of digitalization. The author explores how the digitalization of the economic sphere will affect the functioning of the legal system as a whole and its individual components. The process of regulation of digital legal relations in the plane of constitutional and legal regulation is considered.
Keywords: legal system, constitutional regulation, economic relations, digitalization, law.
Work bibliographic list
1. The right to privacy in the digital age: Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 18 December 2013. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://undocs.org/A/RES/68/167 (data obrashhenija:01.12.2021).
2. Rekomendacija # CM/Rec(2016)5 Komiteta Ministrov Soveta Evropy «O svobode v Internete» (Prinjata 13.04.2016 na 1253-om zasedanii zamestitelej ministrov) // Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
3. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo suda RF ot 22.12.2015 # 3024-O «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby inostrannoj organizacii WatchtowerBibleandTractSocietyofNewYork, Inc. na narushenie konstitucionnyh prav i svobod punktom
3 stat'i 1 i stat'ej 13 Federal'nogo zakona “O protivodejstvii jekstremistskoj dejatel'nostiˮ, a takzhe punktom 2 chasti 5 stat'i 15.1 Federal'nogo zakona “Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informaciiˮ». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/71214816/?prime
(data obrashhenija: 03.12.2021).
4. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo suda RF ot 17.07.2014 # 1759-O «“Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanina Haritonova Vladimira Vladimirovicha na narushenie ego konstitucionnyh prav punktom 2 chasti 2 stat'i 15.1 Federal'nogo zakona “Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informaciiˮ i punktom 2 stat'i 3 Federal'nogo zakona “O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon “O zashhite de-
tej ot informacii, prichinjajushhej vred ih zdorov'ju i razvitijuˮ i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://legalacts.ru/doc/opredeleniekonstitutsionnogo-suda-rf-ot-17072014-n-1759-o-ob/
(dataobrashhenija: 03.12.2021).
5. Astratova G.V., Astratova S.V., Zhernov A.A. Marketing investicionnyh servisov fizicheskih lic i finansovaja bezopasnost' bankovskogo sektora v uslovijah cifrovoj jekonomiki // Diskussija. - 2019.- # 4 (95). - S. 6-20.
6. Aznagulova G.M. Pravo i jekonomika: nacional'nye interesy i global'nye trendy. M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurlitinform. - 2021. - 232 s.
7. Aznagulova G.M., Malahov V.P. Problema pravoponimanija v uslovijah cifrovoj real'nosti // Gosudarstvo i pravo: teoreticheskie i istoricheskie aspekty. - 2021.-#2(42).- S.37-44.
8. Bondar' N.S. Informacionno-cifrovoe prostranstvo v konstitucionnom izmerenii: iz praktiki Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii //Zhurnal rossijskogo prava.- 2019. - # 11. - S. 25-43.
9. Gracheva S.A., Cheremisinova M.E. Voprosy konstitucionnogo obespechenija cifrovyh prav // Vestnik Moskovskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. Serija:Juridicheskie nauki. -2018. - # 4 (32). - S. 56-70.
10. Zor'kin V. Pravo v cifrovom mire. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://
rg.ru/2018/05/29/zorkinzadacha-gosudarstvapriznavat-i-zashchishchat-cifrovye-prava-grazhdan.
htm(data obrashhenija: 5.12.2021).
11. Kuzbagarov A.N., Grigor'eva T.A. Transformacija i cifrovizacija pravovogo regulirovanija obshhestvennyh otnoshenij v sovremennyh realijah i uslovijah pandemii // Zhurnal «Otechestvennye arhivy».- 2020. - S.24-27.
12. Presnjakov M.V. Pravovaja opredelennost' lichnosti: «ruleoflaw» i «rechtsstaat» // Sovremennoe pravo. - 2020. - # 8. - S. 99-105.
13. Fedotov M.A. Konstitucionnye otvety na vyzovy kiberprostranstva // Lex russica.- 2016. - # 3. - S.164-179.
14. Habrieva T.Ja. Pravo v uslovijah cifrovizacii // Sankt-Peterburgskij gumanitarnyj universitet profsojuzov. - 2019.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kutushev G.Z.
Legal regulation of personnel policy in the system of correctional labor institutions of the Bashkir ASSR in the early 50s of the 20th century
The article examines the facts of illegal actions on the part of employees of correctional labor institutions of the Bashkir ASSR in relation to prisoners and the civilian population. The activity of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and the Bashkir Regional Committee of the VKP (b) -KPSS, aimed at eliminating this kind of offenses and strengthening discipline, increasing the moral and political level of workers in the security system of camps and colonies, is analyzed. The study of archival materials devoted to checking the personnel of correctional labor institutions of the Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic allows us to conclude that the penitentiary system of the republic in the last years of Stalin’s life was in need of reform.
Keywords: Bashkir ASSR, GULAG, correctional labor institutions in the 1950s, personnel policy in the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Soviet prisons, legal regulation, Bashkir Regional Committee, penitentiary system, violations of the law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kokurin A. I., Morukov Ju. N. GULAG: struktura i kadry // Svobodnaja mysl'. - 2001. - # 12. - S. 112-117.
2. Malamud G. Ja. Lagerja NKVD na Urale v 1940-h – nachale 50-h gg. // Izvestija Cheljabinskogo nauchnogo centra UrO RAN. - 1998. - # 1. - S. 181-190.
3. Malamud G. Ja. GULAG mestnogo znachenija (ispravitel'no-trudovyh kolonii i lagotdelenija oblastnogo i respublikanskogo podchinenija na Urale v 1940-h – nachale 1950-h gg.) // Izvestija Cheljabinskogo nauchnogo centra UrO RAN. - 1998. - # 2. - S. 161-170.
4. Ministerstvo vnutrennih del Rossii: stranicy istorii (1802-2002 gg.) / Pod red. V. P. Sal'nikova. - SPb.:S.-Peterburgskij un-t MVD Rossii, 2001. - 607 s.
5. Nacional'nyj arhiv Respubliki Bashkortostan. -F. 122. - Op. 32. - D. 228. - L. 41–42, 91–99, 159.
6. Nacional'nyj arhiv Respubliki Bashkortostan. -F. 122. - Op. 32. - D. 540. - L. 82–85.
7. Olejnik R. R. Problemy realizacii kadrovoj politiki v penitenciarnyh uchrezhdenijah Bashkirskoj ASSR (po materialam partijnyh dokumentov 1940-h-1950-h gg.) // V sbornike: VII Pedagogicheski chtenija, posvjashhennye pamjati professora S. I. Zlo-
bina. Sbornik materialov. V 3-h tomah. Sost. A. I. Sogrina. - Perm', 2021. - S. 93-95.
8. Sipakova E. A. Kadrovoe obespechenie ispravitel'no-trudovyh uchrezhdenij Juzhnogo Urala (1941-1953 gg.)// Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i social'no-jekonomicheskih nauk. - 2012. - T. 6. -# 1. - S. 77-85.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Mikheeva S.N.
Features of the legal status of special settlers in the Urals in the early 30s of the 20th century
In this article, on the basis of a number of archival documents, an attempt was made to reveal the legal status of the special settlers who arrived in the Urals in the early 30s of the 20th century. Along with the ranks of the tsarist police, ministers of various cults, persons engaged in trade during the NEP period, and others, they were deprived of a significant number of civil and political rights.
Keywords: collectivization, repression, special settlers, the Urals, kulaks.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vozrastanie jepidemij v specssylke Ural'skoj oblasti. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://docs.historyrussia.org/ru/nodes/72207-vozrastanie-epidemiy-v-spetsssylke-uralskoy-oblastine-ranee-sentyabrya-1931-g#mode/inspect/page/1/zoom/4.
2. Zemskov V. N. Specposelency (po dokumentam NKVD MVD SSSR) // Sociologicheskie issledovanija. – 1990. – # 11.
3. Ignatova N. M. Smertnost' specpereselencev v Severnom krae v 1930-e gody: prichiny, masshtab, statisticheskij uchet // Novyj istoricheskij vestnik 2011 g. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/smertnost-spetspereselentsev-v-severnom-krae-v-1930-e-gody-prichiny-masshtab-statisticheskiy-uchet.
4. Sud'ba raskulachennyh specpereselencev na Urale 1930-1936 gg.: Sb. dokumentov / Sost. A. Je. Bedel', T.I. Slavko. – Ekaterinburg, 1994. – 232 s.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Saidova M.Z.
On the question of the role of Uzun-haji Emirate in the events of 1919-1920 in the North Caucasus
The article attempts to turn to the difficult 1919 – 1920 , when the territory of the North Caucasus was seized by the army of General A.I. Denikin. Against the background of the fateful events of the period under consideration, in September 1919, the North Caucasian Emirate of Uzun-Haji, who had a lot of weight in Muslim circles of Chechnya and Dagestan, was created. From the first day of the creation of an Emirate, Uzun-Haji began to form the armed forces to combat the Volunteer army. New state formation was not destined for a long existence, however, it made a huge contribution to the defeat of the volunteer army and contributed to the accumulation of certain experience and determining the future state structure of the peoples of the North Caucasus.
Keywords: Uzun Hadji, Emirate, Islamic State, North Caucasus, Volunteer Army, Bolsheviks, Anti-Denikin Union.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kasterin A. 1919-1920 gg. v gorah Severnogo Kavkaza. Istoricheskij opyt gorskogo revoljucionnogo dvizhenija. - Vladikavkaz, 1921. - 100 s.
2. Osmanov O. I. Vozniknovenie, funkcionirovanie i likvidacija gosudarstvennyh obrazovanij na Severnom Kavkaze: istoricheskij opyt (mart 1917-aprel' 1920 gg.) / Avtoreferat kandidatskoj dissertacii. - Vladikavkaz, 2014. - 30 s.
3. Sojuz ob"edinennyh gorcev Severnogo Kavkaza i Dagestana (1917-1918 gg.). Gorskaja respublika (1918-1920gg) (Dokumenty i materialy). - Mahachkala, 2013.- 290 s.
4. CGA RD. - F. 8-p. - Op.3. - D. 248. - L. 43.
5. Jemirov N. P. Iz istorii voennoj intervencii i grazhdanskoj vojny v Dagestane. - Mahachkala, 1972.- 216 s.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Emelyantsev A.E.
Topical issues of professional development of participants in the regional legislative process in the Republic of Crimea
The legislative process in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the persons involved in this process faced new modern problems and challenges caused by the spread of a new coronavirus (Covid-19) infection. This circumstance made it necessary for the subjects of the legislative process to acquire new knowledge and skills necessary for the implementation of an effective legislative process. The article examines the legal basis for acquiring new knowledge, improving qualifications for deputies, staff of the State Council of the Republic of Crimea, as well as such subjects of legislative initiative as representative bodies of municipalities of the Republic of Crimea, assesses legislation in this area.
Keywords: legislative process, regional parliament, State Council, Republic of Crimea, deputies, municipalities, professional development.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rasporjazhenija Prezidenta RF ot 11 avgusta 2014 g. # 260-rp «Ob organizacii v 2014 godu povyshenija kvalifikacii gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih Respubliki Krym i g. Sevastopolja i municipal'nyh sluzhashhih po otdel'nym dopolnitel'nym professional'nym programmam» // Rossijskaja gazeta ot 13 avgusta. – # 181 (6563).
2. Reshenie Simferopol'skogo gorodskogo soveta Respubliki Krym ot 13 nojabrja 2014 g. # 61 «O prinjatii Ustava municipal'nogo obrazovanija gorodskoj okrug Simferopol' Respubliki Krym» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami) // Jelektronnyj resurs:Oficial'nyj internet resurs Administraciig. Simferopolja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://simf.rk.gov.ru/ru/document/show/2(data obrashhenija: 01.11.2021).
3. Zakon Astrahanskoj oblasti ot 22 ijulja 2003 g. # 35/2003-OZ «O statuse deputata Dumy Astrahanskoj oblasti»// Astrahanskie izvestija ot 21 avgusta 2003 g.– # 34 (657).
4. Zakon Respubliki Krym ot 10 sentjabrja 2014 g. # 64- ZRK «O statuse deputata Gosudarstvennogo Soveta Respubliki Krym» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami) // Krymskie izvestija ot 11 sentjabrja 2014 g. – #183.
5. Zakon Respubliki Krym ot 21 avgusta 2014 g. # 54-ZRK «Ob osnovah mestnogo samoupravlenija v Respublike Krym» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami) //Krymskie izvesti ot 28 avgusta 2014 g. – # 182.
6. Ivanova T. Ju. Teorija sohranenija resursov kak ob"jasnitel'naja model' vozniknovenija stressa // Psihologija. Zhurnal VShJe. – 2013. – # 3. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/teoriya-sohraneniya-resursov-kakobyasnitelnaya-model-vozniknoveniya-stressa (data obrashhenija: 28.11.2021).
7. Koroleva, A. N. Pravovoj status deputata predstavitel'nogo organa vnutrigorodskogo municipal'nogo obrazovanija gorodov federal'nogo znachenija:special'nost' 12.00.02 «Konstitucionnoe pravo; konstitucionnyj sudebnyj process; municipal'noe pravo»: dissertacija na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk / Koroleva Anastasija Nikolaevna. – M., 2010. – 191 s.
8. Kudrjakova O. V., Zvjaginceva D. V. Problemy sootvetstvija administrativno-vosstanovitel'nyh mer grazhdanskomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii //Vlast' Zakona. – 2018. – # 1 (33). – S. 144-152.
9. Normotvorcheskij process v Respublike Krym i Sevastopole: Po materialam 2018 goda / I. V. Bondarchuk, O. V. Butkevich, A. V. Rudenko [i dr.]; Pod red.S.A. Trofimova, I. V. Bondarchuka. – Simferopol':Obshhestvo s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju «Izdatel'stvo Tipografija «Arial», 2019. –424 s.
10. Russian economy in 2007. Trends and outlooks. – Moscow: IET, 2007. –610 p
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Aboyan A.A., Gordeev K.V., Parin D.V.
The abolition of constitutional (statutory) courts through the prism of the organization of a unified system of public power
The article is devoted to the analysis of changes in the legislation of the Russian Federation caused by the constitutional reform of 2020. The adoption of the Law of the Russian Federation on the Amendment to the Constitution of the Russian Federation dated 03/14/2020 No. 1-FKZ “On improving the regulation of certain issues of the organization and functioning of public power” contributed to the emergence of an “avalanche effect”, expressed in the activation of the legislative process aimed at bringing legislation into line with the Constitution of Russia. The abolition of constitutional (statutory) courts has become one of the steps to implement the new provisions of the Basic Law of the Russian Federation. The authors believe that the reason for the abolition of the regional constitutional justice bodies was the desire of the federal legislator to build a unified system of public power. The article examines the consequences of the abolition of constitutional (statutory) courts, expressed, in particular, in violation of the right of citizens to judicial protection.
Keywords: constitutional law, judicial system, unified system of public authority, constitutional (statutory) courts, reform of the judicial system, the right to judicial protection.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abojan A.A., Parin D.V. Regional'naja konstitucionnaja justicija: «perestrojka» vo imja sistemy publichnoj vlasti // Pravovaja sistema i vyzovy sovremennosti: sbornik materialov XVIII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii studentov, aspirantov i molodyh uchenyh. Chast' I. – Ufa: RIC BashGU, 2021.
2. Barcic I.N. Pereosmyslenie sootnoshenija mezhdunarodnogo i nacional'nogo prava na rubezhe jepoh (o popravke v stat'ju 79 Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii) // Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba. – 2020. – T.22. – # 1.
3. Dobrynin N.M. Konstitucionnye popravki 2020 goda: k voprosu o dejstvitel'nom avtoritete i nezavisimosti sudebnoj vlasti kak kljuchevyh garantijah jetiko-pravovogo obespechenija dostoinstva lichnosti v Rossii // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2021. – # 5.
4. Evloev I.M. Likvidacija konstitucionnyh (ustavnyh) sudov: zakonomernost' ili oshibka // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2020. – Tom 15. – # 10.
5. Evloev I.M. Regional'naja konstitucionnaja justicija: eshhe odin gvozd' v kryshku… // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 1.
6. Zinin S.S. Sistema publichnoj vlasti v Rossijskoj Federacii: novye podhody k pravovomu regulirovaniju v uslovijah konstitucionnoj reformy // Lex Russica. – 2020. – # 12.
7. Kazancev A.O., Savos'kin A.V. V Cheljabinskoj oblasti nezakonno uprazdnili Ustavnyj sud // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. –2014. –# 6.
8. Komarova V.V. Konstitucionnaja reforma 2020 g. V Rossii (nekotorye aspekty) // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2020. – # 8.
9. Maljutin N.S. Regional'naja konstitucionnaja justicija v Rossijskoj Federacii: nuzhen li jetot institut? // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2019. –# 4.
10. Parin D.V., Abojan A.A. Popravki k Konstitucii RF i izmenenie roli glavy gosudarstva // Obrazovanie. Nauka. Nauchnye kadry. – 2020. –# 1.
11. Portnova E.V. K voprosu o prichinah, tormozjashhih sozdanie konstitucionnyh (ustavnyh) sudov sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii // Rossijskij sud'ja.– 2019. – # 10.
12. Habrieva T.Ja., Klishas A.A. Tematicheskij kommentarij k Zakonu Rossijskoj Federacii o popravke k Konstitucii RF ot 14 marta 2020 g. # 1-FKZ «O sovershenstvovanii regulirovanija otdel'nyh voprosov organizacii i funkcionirovanija publichnoj vlasti». –M.: Norma: Infra-M, 2021.
13. Hudolej K. M. Nuzhen li konstitucionnyj (ustavnyj) sud v sub"ekte RF? // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki. –016. –Vyp. 34.
14. Shehovcov V.A., Parin D.V. Rol' parlamenta v sisteme gosudarstvennoj vlasti sovremennoj Rossii// Zakon i pravo. –2021. –# 1.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Hamidova A.F.
Constitutional laws in the legal system of the Republic of Azerbaijan
In the legislation of the Republic of Azerbaijan, constitutional laws generally have their own specific features, as well as general features specific to the category of law. These specific features allow them to be considered as an independent legal category. This can be clearly seen when comparing the constitutional laws with the current laws. One of the specific features of the
constitutional laws is it’s their adoption in a special way. The special procedure for the adoption of constitutional laws can be seen in the Constitution and normative legal acts related to the legislative process. An analysis of both articles of the Constitution allows us to confirm that The Constitutional Laws have a dual nature. At the article discusses some the problems on the definition of constitutional laws in the legal system of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Keywords: сonstitutional conventions, organic statut, amendments to the Constitution, additions
to the constitution, hierarchy of legislative acts.
Work bibliographic list
1. David R. D. Basic legal systems of modernity / Per. With fr. and vstup. Art. V. A. Tumanov. - M.: Progress, 1988.- 496 p.
2. Marchenko MN Sources of law: textbook. - M.: Norma, 2018. - 672 p.
3. The Constitutional Law on Normative Legal Acts of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 21 December 2010.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Dibirov Yu.S.
On the question of the stages of constitutionalization of the Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation
This article is devoted to the study of the main stages of the constitutionalization of the Prosecutor’s Office – the most important state body in the Russian Federation.
The article concludes that the constitutionalization of the institution of the Prosecutor’s office is an ongoing process that should be considered in a narrow and broad perspective. Also analyzing the fairly frequent practice of correcting the normative provisions of the Law on the Prosecutor’s Office, the author states that the amendments to Article 129, which enshrine the fundamental principles of the organization and operation of the Basic Law of the country, are a natural result of this legislative activity.
Keywords: Russian Federation, Constitution, constitutionalization, Prosecutor General’s Office, prosecutor’s supervision, vertical of power, Investigative Committee, Federal District.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija:
16.12.2021).
2. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 maja 2000 g. # 849 «O polnomochnom predstavitele Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii v federal'nom okruge» // SZ RF. – 2000. – # 20. – St. 2112.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 17.01.1992 g. # 2202-1 (red. Ot 01.07.2021) «O prokurature Rossijskoj Federacii»// Rossijskaja gazeta. – 1992. – 18 fevralja.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 18 dekabrja 2001 g. ot # 177-FZ (red. ot 23.06.2016) «O vvedenii v dejstvie Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // SZ RF. – 2001. – # 52 (1 ch.). – St. 4924.
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 05 ijunja 2007 g. # 87-FZ (red. ot 22.12.2014) «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i Federal'nyj zakon «O prokurature Rossijskoj Federacii» // SZ RF. – 2007. – # 24. – St. 2830.
6. Federal'nyj zakon ot 28 dekabrja 2010 g. # 403-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) «O Sledstvennom komitete Rossijskoj Federacii» // SZ RF. – 2011. – # 1. – St. 15.
7. Federal'nyj zakon ot 22 dekabrja 2014 g. # 427-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon «O prokurature Rossijskoj Federacii» // SZ RF. –2014. – # 52 (chast' I). – St. 7538.
8. Zakon RF o popravke k Konstitucii RF ot 14 marta 2020 g. # 1-FKZ «O sovershenstvovanii regulirovanija otdel'nyh voprosov organizacii i funkcionirovanija publichnoj vlasti» // SZ RF. – 2020. – #11. – St. 1416.
9. 11.01.2001 Vystuplenie Prezidenta RF V. V. Putina na Vserossijskom soveshhanii prokurorov // Oficial'nyj sajt Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.kremlin.ru/events/president/transcripts/21161(data obrashhenija: 16.12.2021).
10. Amirbekov K. I. Pravoobespechitel'naja juridicheskaja dejatel'nost' vlasti: problemy teorii i praktiki. – Mahachkala: Izd-vo «Nauka DNC», 2009. –S.296.
11. Gavrilov B. Ja. Pereraspredelenie processual'nyh i nadzornyh polnomochij mezhdu prokurorom i rukovoditelem sledstvennogo organa: ob"ektivnaja neobhodimost' ili voljuntarizm v prave? // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo. –2009. –# 4. –S. 35-44.
12. Zavalunov A. Rol' i mesto prokuratury v sisteme organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti Rossijskoj Federacii // Zakonnost'. –2018. –# 12. –S. 7-8.
13. Kehlerov S. G. Rol' i mesto organov prokuratury v sisteme gosudarstvennyh institutov Rossijskoj Federacii / Akad. Gen. prokuratury RF. –M., 2008.–S. 93.
14. Konstanov Ju. A. Neobhodimost' vozvrashhenija prokurorskogo nadzora za sledstviem // Ugolovnyj process. –2012. –# 5. –S. 12-19.
15. Tkachev I. V. O neobhodimosti rasshirenija polnomochij prokurora po nadzoru za processual'noj dejatel'nost'ju Sledstvennogo komiteta // Rossijskaja justicija. –2014. –# 9. –S. 53-55.
16. Ul'janov A. Ju. Konstitucionalizacija instituta prokuratury kak zakonomernyj jetap razvitija rossijskoj gosudarstvennosti // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. –2016. –# 3(21). –S. 90-99.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Ibragimova A.N.
Decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation and regional legislation in the field of organizing and holding public events
The article examines the Resolution of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation dated June 04, 2020 No. 27-P and analyzes the impact of this document on regional legislation in the field of organizing and holding public events. Particular attention is paid to the issue of compliance of the legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the sphere of the considered legal relations with the position of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. In the conclusion, conclusions are drawn about the main direction of the influence of the decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on the legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and about unresolved problems at the regional level that require additional study.
Keywords: public events, Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, legislation, subjects of the Russian Federation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agarkov K. N., Agarkova N. A. Konstitucionnyj Sud Rossijskoj Federacii v sovremennoj Rossii// Vestnik gosudarstvennogo i municipal'nogo upravlenija. – 2012. – # 4. – S. 76.
2. Izbrannye reshenija Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka. Stat'ja 11 Evropejskoj konvencii o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod. – M.:Moskovskaja Hel'sinskaja gruppa, 2012.
3. Kazancev M. F. Regional'noe zakonodatel'stvo i pravotvorchestvo v Rossii: osnovnye teoreticheskie harakteristiki i juridicheskie svojstva// Nauchnyj ezhegodnik Instituta filosofii i prava Ural'skogo otdelenija Rossijskoj akademii nauk. – 2012. – Vyp. 12. – S. 412.
4. Korepina A. V. Problemy realizacii normotvorcheskih polnomochij sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii v oblasti obespechenija prava grazhdan na provedenie publichnyh meroprijatij // Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i juridicheskie nauki, kul'turologija i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. – 2014. – # 4. – S. 107.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Nesmeyanova S. E.
Another step towards electronic justice
The end of 2021 was marked by the adoption of the federal law “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation regarding the Regulation of remote participation in court proceedings”, the subject of which were changes aimed at improving the procedure for using electronic documents in court proceedings, as well as securing the possibility of remote participation in court sessions using personal means of communication of users. The analysis of changes in order to form electronic justice is carried out.
Keywords: electronic justice, informatization of courts, improvement of legislation, remote judicial procedures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anosov A.V. Informacionno-pravovye voprosy formirovanija jelektronnogo pravosudija v Rossijskoj Federacii. Dis. … na soiskanie stepeni kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2016.
2. Vasil'kova, S. V. O nekotoryh doktrinal'nyh i prakticheskih problemah jelektronnogo pravosudija v gosudarstvennyh sudah i napravlenijah ih reshenija // Sovremennaja nauka: aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki. Jekonomika i pravo. - 2017. - #7. - S. 64-68.
3. Zarubina M.N. i Novikova N.N. K voprosu o sushhnosti jelektronnogo pravosudija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Administrator suda. - 2017. - # 1.
4. Nesmejanova S.Je. Informatizacija pravosudija: novye vozmozhnosti? // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. - 2019. - # 12. - S. 31-35.
5. Kogan V.Z. Teorija informacionnogo vzaimodejstvija: Filosofsko-sociologicheskie ocherki. - Novosibirsk: Izd-vo Novosibirskogo un-ta, 1991.
6. Ovchinnikov V.A., Antonov Ja.V. Jelektronnoe pravosudie kak proekt jelektronnoj demokratii: perspektivy realizacii v Rossii // Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. - M.: Jurist, 2016.- # 5. - S. 3.
7. Ponomarenko V.A. K voprosu o modernizacii sudebno-arbitrazhnoj processual'noj formy v svete izmenenij APK RF i koncepcii jelektronnogo pravosudija // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. -2013. - # 2. - S.2.
8. Sas V.V. «Jelektronnoe pravosudie» kak jelement «setevogo obshhestva»: teoreticheskie problemy // Juridicheskaja nauka. - 2012. - # 2. - S. 101-104.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Polevshchikova A. S.
Legal framework of participation of the federal executive authorities in the legislative process
The article deals with the issues of legal regulation of the participation of executive authorities at the federal level in the legislative process in the Russian Federation, which means the Government of the Russian Federation and federal executive authorities. The legal foundations of a general, private and special nature are investigated, a conclusion is made about the general role of executive authorities in the legislative process, and some shortcomings of the existing legal regulation are also noted.
Keywords: federal executive authorities, legislative process, legal framework.
Work bibliographic list
1. O stats-sekretarjah-zamestiteljah rukovoditelej federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti: ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 26.07.2005 #873 (v dejstv. red.) // Sobranie Zakonodatel'stva RF. 2005. # 31. St. 3203.
2. Ivanov V. A. Pravovye osnovy vzaimodejstvija federal'nyh organov zakonodatel'noj i ispolnitel'noj vlasti Rossijskoj Federacii v zakonodatel'nom processe: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2006.188 s.
3. Putjatina A. G. Razdelenie vlastej - konstitucionnyj princip zakonotvorcheskogo processa v Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: Rostov-na-Donu, 2010. 242 s.
4. Tihomirov Ju. A. Teorija zakona. M., 1982.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Romanovskiy G. B., Romanovskiy V. G.
Law, counter terrorism and the securitization of society
The article reveals the main tendencies of modern law-making activities caused by the growth of terrorist threats. The expansion of risks, the emergence of the concept of catastrophic terrorism has led to the strengthening of security issues in various branches of law, including those that provide the humanitarian aspects of social community. The subordination of law to state interests and security requirements has received a special name - the securitization of society.
Keywords: threat, terrorism, counteraction, securitization of restrictions, human rights, security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anyanwu Ch. Fear of communicating fear versus fear of terrorism: A human rights violation or a sign of our time? // International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. – 2018. – Vol. 20. – # 1.
2. Bloem J., Loveridge S. The Costs of Secondary Migration: Perspectives from Local Voluntary Agencies in the USA // Journal of International Migration and Integration.– 2018. – Vol. 19. # 2.
3. Dreher A., Siemers Lars-H, Gassebner M. Does Terror Threaten Human Rights? Evidence From Panel // The Journal of Law and Economics. – 2010. – Vol. 53. – # 1.
4. Fearon James D. Catastrophic terrorism and civil liberties in the short and long run / Prepared for presentation at the symposium on «Constitutions, Democracy, and the Rule of Law» to be held during Columbia University’s 250th anniversary celebrations, October 17, 2003.
5. Hayes V. Migration in an age of mass displacement, mass surveillance and and data protection: Doing no harm «big data» // International Review of the Red Cross. – 2017. – Vol. 99. # 1.
6. Honeywood C. A. Britain’s Approach to Balancing Counter-Terrorism Laws with Human Rights // Journal of Strategic Security. – 2016. – Vol. 9. # 3.
7. Koo Jeong-Woo, Murdie A. Liberty or Security: Do Civil Society Restrictions Limit Terrorism? // The international consortium on closing civic space, June 4, 2018.
8. McGhee D. Building a Consensus on «National Security»: Terrorism, Human Rights and «Core Values»// Security, Citizenship and Human Rights. Palgrave Politics of Identity and Citizenship Series. – Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2010.
9. Ragazzi F. Countering terrorism and radicalisation: Securitising social policy? // Critical Social Policy. – 2017. – Vol. 37. # 2.
10. Bodrijjar Zh. Duh terrorizma. Vojny v zalive ne bylo. – M., 2016.
11. Ger'e V. Vtoraja Gosudarstvennaja Duma. – M.: T-vo «Pechatnja S. P. Jakovleva», 1907.
12. Gredeskul N. A. Terror i ohrana. – SPb.: Tipografija tovarishhestva «Obshhestvennaja pol'za», 1912.
13. Malinovskij I. Krovavaja mest' i smertnye kazni.– Tomsk: Tipo-litografija Sibirskogo tovarishhestva pechatnogo dela, 1909.
14. Petrov M. N. Lekcii po vsemirnoj istorii. Tom III. Istorija novyh vekov. – Har'kov: Izdanie knizhnogo magazina D. N. Poluehtova, 1888.
15. Romanovskij G. B., Romanovskaja O. V. Prava cheloveka i bor'ba s terrorizmom: zarubezhnyj opyt. – M.:Prospekt, 2021.
16. Shaparov A. E. Tendencija sek'juritizacii immigracionnyh politik Velikobritanii i Kanady //Socium i vlast'. – 2012. – # 4.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Fedorenko V. I.
The legal policy of the Russian state in the field of freedom of economic activity during the COVID-19 pandemic
The article analyzes the economic problems caused by the spread of coronavirus infection, affecting, inter alia, the constitutional principle of freedom of economic activity. A special place is given to the consideration of the right of citizens to entrepreneurial activity and the creation by the state of conditions for its implementation during a pandemic. The author comes to the conclusion that the legal policy of the Russian state in the proposed conditions is aimed at ensuring a balance between ensuring the life and health of citizens and freedom of economic activity. This is confirmed by a significant number of regulatory legal acts and policy documents in the field under study. It is proposed that the Federal Law «On the prevention of crisis situations during a pandemic» be adopted, aimed at codifying these rules.
Keywords: pandemic, coronavirus infection, COVID-19, legal policy, economics, freedom of economic activity, legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vyzhutovich V. Ucelel li maly biznes? // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2021. 07 ijunja.
2. Dubrovina M., Kombarova E. Rezhim social'noj izoljacii - konstitucionno-pravovoj rezhim v Rossijskoj Federacii // Danish Scientific Journal. 2020.# 41-2. S. 41-46.
3. Interv'ju s P.G. Lahno //Zakonodatel'stvo. 2010. # 3. S. 11.
4. Maksimova E.V., Rjabcev A.G., Sazonova O.A. Vlijanie koronavirusa na jekonomiku Rossii // Innovacii i investicii. 2020. # 4. S. 283-286.
5. Morozova I.A., Gaverdovskaja A.A., Namusula, Chzhan I. Regulirovanie malogo i srednego biznesa v uslovijah pandemii: gosudarstvennaja podderzhka i privlechenie kreativnyh centrov prostranstvennogo razvitija // Jekonomika ustojchivogo razvitija. 2021. # 2. S. 103-106.
6. Obrazcova O.I., Chepurenko A.Ju. Politika v otnoshenii MSP v RF: obnovlenie posle pandemii?// Voprosy gosudarstvennogo i municipal'nogo upravlenija. 2020. # 3. S.71-95.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Andriukhina I. Yu., Pekhova L. S.
Modern personnel approaches in the system of state and municipal service
The article examines the personnel paradigm of the state civil and municipal service, analyzes the regulatory legal framework that forms its basis, justifies the need for special training of persons who fill positions of the state civil service and are mentors of young professionals with knowledge of the basics of psychology and sociology, as well as the use of coaching elements in their activities in the form of additional functions for psychological support and counseling.
Keywords: personnel paradigm, personnel policy, personnel work, state civil service, municipal
service, mentoring, coaching.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 01.02.2005 # 112 «O konkurse na zameshhenie vakantnoj dolzhnosti gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii» / Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 01.02.2005 # 113 (red. Ot 06.10.2020) «O porjadke prisvoenija i sohranenija klassnyh chinov gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii federal'nym gosudarstvennym grazhdanskim sluzhashhim» / Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
3. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 11.01.1995 # 32 «O gosudarstvennyh dolzhnostjah» / spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
4. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 12.08.2002 # 885 «Ob utverzhdenii obshhih principov sluzhebnogo povedenija gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih» / Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
5. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 01.02.2005 # 110 «O provedenii attestacii gosudarstvennyh grazhdanskih sluzhashhih Rossijskoj Federacii» / Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
6. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 01.03.2017 # 96 (red. Ot 06.10.2020) «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o kadrovom rezerve federal'nogo gosudarstvennogo organa» / Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
7. Federal'nyj zakon ot 15.12.2001 # 166 «O gosudarstvennom pensionnom obespechenii v Rossijskoj Federacii», prilozhenie 2 / rezhim dostupa: spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
8. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.07.2004 # 79-FZ «O gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe Rossijskoj Federacii» / Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
9. Federal'nyj zakon 02.03.2007 # 25-FZ «O municipal'noj sluzhbe v Rossijskoj Federacii» / Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
10. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 7 oktjabrja 2019g. # 1296 «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o nastavnichestve na gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe Rossijskoj Federacii». Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
11. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 18 maja 2019 g.# 619 «O gosudarstvennom obrazovatel'nom sertifikate na dopolnitel'noe professional'noe obrazovanie gosudarstvennogo grazhdanskogo sluzhashhego Rossijskoj Federacii» / Spravochno-konsul'tacionnaja sistema «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
12. Vasil'eva E. V., Mirzojan M. V. Problemy formirovanija kadrovogo potenciala gosudarstvennoj sluzhby v kontekste realizacii novogo gosudarstvennogo menedzhmenta // Upravlencheskie nauki / Management sciences. 2017. T. 7. # 4. S. 82. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://managementscience.fa.ru/jour/article/viewFile/130/131.pdf.
13. Zelencova S.Ju., Kaufman I.Ju. Region; sistema, jekonomika, upravlenie. 2019. # 2 (45). S. 45.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/kadrovye-sluzhby-v-sistemeupravleniya-personalom-organov-gosudarstvennoy-imunitsipalnoy-vlasti/viewer.
14. Region; sistema, jekonomika, upravlenie. 2019. # 2 (45). S. 45. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/kadrovye-sluzhby-v-sistemeupravleniya-personalom-organov-gosudarstvennoy-imunitsipalnoy-vlasti/viewer.
15. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paradigma.
16. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://advi.club/psihologiya-i-obshhestvo/139-paradigmaprostymi-slovami.html.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Biyarslanova A. M.
The role of the commissions on juvenile affairs and the protection of their rights in the prevention of juvenile delinquency, prospects for the modernization of administrative activities
This scientific research reflects the main aspects of the activities of the commissions for juvenile affairs. The analysis of the problems of regulating the activities of bodies authorized to respond to juvenile crimes is updated. Attention is paid to the position of judicial authorities in regulating the issue of placement of minors in specialized juvenile detention centers. Reveals legislative regulation, problems of legal regulation. At the end of the work, conclusions are given.
Keywords: monitoring, prevention, commission powers, administrative responsibility, departmental control, offense, child protection.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 24 ijunja 1999 g. # 120-FZ «Ob osnovah sistemy profilaktiki beznadzornosti i pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami) // SZ RF ot 28 ijunja 1999 g. # 26 st. 3177.
2. Vasil'eva Ja. V. Administrativno-jurisdikcionnye polnomochija komissij po delam nesovershennoletnih i zashhite ih prav i ih rol' v profilaktike prestuplenij i inyh pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih // Vestnik instituta: prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie. – Moskva, 2016. – # 3 (35).–S. 34-39.
3. Golubcov V. Sub"ektivnaja dobrosovestnost' v strukture obshhego ponjatija dobrosovestnosti // Juridicheskie nauki. – # 45. – Moskva, 2019. – S. 490-518.
4. Ljublinskij P. I. Bor'ba s prestupnost'ju v detskom i junosheskom vozraste. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://rusneb.ru/catalog/ 000199_000009_003179687/ (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2021).
5. Manova N., Spesivov N. Vnedrenie opredelennyh mezhdunarodnyh standartov obespechenija prav i zakonnyh interesov nesovershennoletnih poterpevshih v rossijskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve //Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. – # 2.– Moskva, 2017. – S. 408-415.
6. Morkovskaja M. Avtor-korrespondent: Otbor i jekspertnaja ocenka pod otvetstvennost'ju Organizacionnogo komiteta konferencii eISSN: 2357-13301876.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2021.05.02.234 (data obrashhenija: 15.12.2021).
7. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii. # 1 (2018). Sudebnaja kollegija po administrativnym delam: Utverzhden Prezidiumom Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii 28.03.18 g. «O pomeshhenii nesovershennoletnego v special'noe uchebno-vospitatel'noe uchrezhdenie zakrytogo tipa». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_294792/ (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2021).
8. Pisarevskaja E. K voprosu ob innovacionnyh tehnologijah i metodah profilaktiki podrostkovoj prestupnosti // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. – Tomsk, 2019. – # 35.– S. 106-112.
9. Pisarevskij I. I. Obosnovannost' i motivirovannost' prigovora v rossijskom ugolovnom processe:Avtoref. diss. kand. jur. nauk: 12.00.09. – Tomsk, 2019.– S. 15.
10. Smirnova I., Nikoljuk V., Morkovicheva E. i Kachalova O. Napravlenie nesovershennoletnih osuzhdennyh v special'nye uchebnye zavedenija zakrytogo tipa // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal.– # 5. – Moskva, 2019. – S. 837-845.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Dibirov Yu. S., Omarov A. I.
Actual problems of the development of the legislative framework for the administrative and legal status of foreign persons and persons without citizenship at the present stage
This article is devoted to the study of the regulatory framework that establishes the legal status of
foreign persons and stateless persons. The author, analyzing the legislation of Russia on the desired topic, identifies diverse problems. The article, based on normative material and a reasoned approach, confirms the need to expand the conceptual apparatus, identifies gaps, as well as contradictions between federal legislation and the subordinate regulation of the legal status of foreigners and stateless persons. Accordingly, it is proposed to solve these problems by fixing a new term in legislation, reducing reference norms and eliminating gaps in the legislative regulation of the administrative and legal status of the above-mentioned persons.
Keywords: foreign citizens, stateless persons, administrative offense, administrative punishment, administrative and legal status, migration, public service.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 25.07.2002 # 115-FZ (red. Ot 02.07.2021) «O pravovom polozhenii inostrannyh grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 31.10.2021) // SZ RF. 2002. # 30. St. 3032.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 31.10.2018 # 622 «O Koncepcii gosudarstvennoj migracionnoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii na 2019-2025 gody» // SZ RF. 2018. # 45. St. 6917.
3. Andrichenko L.V. Migracionnoe zakonodatel'stvo Rossijskoj Federacii: tendencii razvitija i praktika primenenija. – M.: IZiSP: Norma: INFRA-M, 2019. – 392 s.
4. Kupreev S.S. O soderzhanii administrativno-pravovogo statusa inostrancev v Rossijskoj Federacii // Administrativnoe pravo i process. – 2014. - # 8. – S. 49-52.
5. Sorokin V.D. Administrativnyj process i administrativno-processual'noe pravo. – SPb.:Izdatel'stvo Juridicheskogo instituta (Sankt-Peterburg), 2002. – 474 s.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Keramova S. N.
Problems of delimiting administrative and criminal liability for violation of traffic rules
The article deals with the problems of differentiating administrative and criminal liability for violation of traffic rules. The relevance of the topic of this article is determined by the fact that a characteristic feature of our time is the intensive development of road transport and, in connection with this, the growth of road accidents. The purpose of the article is to determine the main identification criteria for the differentiation of administrative and criminal liability for violation of traffic rules, prevention of violations of the law in this area, study of the
specifics of interaction between road traffic participants. The result of the study is the formulation of conclusions and proposals for the development of measures to ensure the safety and efficiency of road traffic, including through the establishment of appropriate measures of responsibility.
Keywords: administrative and criminal liability, traffic rules, identification signs, offenses, criminal offenses.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agrickaja A. I. Problemy razgranichenija administrativnoj i ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za narushenie pravil dorozhnogo dvizhenija // Obshhestvennye i jekonomicheskie nauki. Studencheskij nauchnyj forum: sb. st. po materialam HHHV stud. mezhdunar.nauch.-prakt. konf. – M., 2021. – S. 37-42.
2. Baguckij N. V., Dadaeva Ju. V. Problemy administrativnoj otvetstvennosti v sfere obespechenija bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija // Aktual'nye nauchnye issledovanija v sovremennom mire. – 2020.– # 6-9 (62). – S. 41-45.
3. Kuznecov A. V. Privlechenie k administrativnoj otvetstvennosti za narushenija PDD pri ispol'zovanii sredstv avtomaticheskoj fiksacii // Psiho-pedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. – 2019.– # 4 (55). – S. 7274.
4. Lysov N. N., Meshkov V. M., Grebenkin P. I. Teorija i praktika razgranichenija administrativnyh pravonarushenij i prestuplenij v oblasti obespechenija bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija //Ugolovnoe proizvodstvo: processual'naja teorija i kriminalisticheskaja praktika: sb. st. VI Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. – Simferopol', 2018. – S. 62-64.
5. Martynova A. A. Pravovye probely i problemy primenenija administrativnoj otvetstvennosti v sfere bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija // Voprosy ustojchivogo razvitija obshhestva. – 2021. – # 10.– S. 537-542.
6. Synkova E. M., Kohan D. A. Problemy privlechenija k administrativnoj otvetstvennosti v sfere bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija // Doneckie chtenija 2018: obrazovanie, nauka, innovacii, kul'tura i vyzovy sovremennosti: sb. st. III mezhdunar. nauch. konf./ Pod obshh. red. S. V. Bespalovoj. – 2018. – S. 47-49.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Kirillovykh A. A., Korotaeva A. G.
On the issue of improving the control and supervisory mechanism at the present stage of administrative reform
The article is devoted to the analysis of certain aspects of improving the mechanisms implemented in the activities of control and supervisory bodies aimed at reducing excessive state regulation within the framework of the ongoing administrative reform. Control and supervisory activities act as an independent way of ensuring legality within the framework of the implementation of administrative and legal mechanisms for the protection of public interests. The authors draw attention to the practice of introducing a risk-based approach into administrative control (supervision) procedures. The consistent implementation of this mechanism will increase the efficiency of the public administration in the field of public administration. As part of organizational and technical measures to informatize the sphere of implementation of public functions, an important place is given to the automation of the main processes during and in connection with control and supervisory activities, including preventive work with supervised entities.
Keywords: state, management, reform, risk, law, procedure, control, supervision.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kontrol'no-nadzornaja i razreshitel'naja dejatel'nost' v Rossijskoj Federacii. Analiticheskij doklad. 2018 g. / S.M. Plaksin, I.A. Abuzjarova, A.V. Knutov i dr. M.: Nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij universitet «Vysshaja shkola jekonomiki», 2019. S.55-66.
2. Martynov A.V. Primenenie risk-orientirovannogo podhoda pri osushhestvlenii gosudarstvennogo kontrolja i nadzora kak neobhodimoe uslovie snizhenija davlenija na biznes // Jurist. 2016. # 18. S. 22-27.
3. Minina A.A. Kontrol' i nadzor kak granicy vozdejstvija upolnomochennogo organa na sub"ekt predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti v uslovijah reformirovanija kontrol'no-nadzornoj dejatel'nosti //Predprinimatel'skoe pravo. 2021. # 2. S. 34-40.
4. Nozdrachev A.F., Zyrjanov S.M., Kalmykova A.V. Reforma gosudarstvennogo kontrolja (nadzora) i municipal'nogo kontrolja // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2017. # 9.
5. Solovej Ju.P. Usmotrenie v administrativnoj dejatel'nosti sovetskoj milicii: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 1992.
6. Hudjakova N.V. Nadzor za sobljudeniem prav juridicheskih lic i individual'nyh predprinimatelej pri osushhestvlenii gosudarstvennogo kontrolja //Zakonnost'. 2021. # 7. S. 24-26.
7. Jusupov V.A. Teorija administrativnogo prava. M.:Jurid. lit., 1985.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Mikhaylov M. Ya.
Elements of supervision and problems of liability of persons subject to control within the exercise of administrative supervision of persons released from places of detention
The article examines the elements of supervision and the problems that arise when police officers implement legislation on administrative supervision of persons released from places of detention. In order to increase the effectiveness of preventive work with supervised persons, specific changes to the current legislation were substantiated in terms of strengthening the administrative responsibility of supervised persons and persons subject to control within the framework of supervision.
Keywords: administrative supervision, administrative restrictions, administrative responsibility, crime prevention, supervised person, police.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administritivnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 12.11.2021).
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 06.04.2011 # 64-FZ «Ob administrativnom nadzore za licami, osvobozhdennymi iz mest lishenija svobody». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 15.11.2021).
3. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 08.07.2011 # 818 «O Porjadke osushhestvlenija administrativnogo nadzora za licami, osvobozhdennymi iz mest lishenija svobody».- [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 18.11.2021).
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Amkuab K. G.
The place, role and functions of strategic planning in the system of public administration: institutional and administrative aspect
The article reveals the essence and content of the process of public administration in the context of administrative law, examines the general administrative functions of management, according to which the place and role of strategic planning in the system of public administration in the Russian Federation is determined. The author analyzes the legislative consolidation of managerial functions in the strategic planning system, examines the administrative and legal foundations of the structure and system of strategic planning in the Russian Federation, on the basis of theoretical and practical analysis, the conceptual problems of legal regulation of the institutional structure and functional purpose of strategic planning are determined, the author’s approach to overcoming them is proposed.
Keywords: administrative law, public administration, state powers, strategy, strategic planning, goal setting, forecasting, planning, institutional structure, functional purpose, legislative consolidation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 07.05.2018 # 204 (red. ot 19.07.2018) «O nacional'nyh celjah i strategicheskih zadachah razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2024 goda» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii.2018. # 20. St. 2817.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 08.11.2021 # 633 «Ob utverzhdenii Osnov gosudarstvennoj politiki v sfere strategicheskogo planirovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://pravo.gov.ru, 2021 g.
3. Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj zakon ot 06.11.2020 # 4-FKZ «O Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. 2020. # 45. St. 7061.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 28.06.2014 # 172-FZ (red. Ot 18.07.2019) «O strategicheskom planirovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. 2014. # 26 (chast' I). St. 3378.
5. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15.04.2014 # 296 «Ob utverzhdenii gosudarstvennoj programmy Rossijskoj Federacii “Social'naja podderzhka grazhdan» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. 2014. # 17.
St. 2059.
6. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 11.02.2021 # 312-r «Ob utverzhdenii Strategii razvitija lesnogo kompleksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. 2021. # 8 (chast' II). St. 1398.
7. 7. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27.12.2019 # 3227-r «Ob utverzhdenii plana realizacii Strategii prostranstvennogo razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2025 goda». 2020. # 1 (chast' II). St. 142.
8. Alehin A.P., Karmolickij A.A. Administrativnoe pravo Rossii. Obshhaja chast'. M.: Zercalo-M, 2018. 480 c.
9. Atamanchuk G.V. Teorija gosudarstvennogo upravlenija: uchebnik. M.: Omega-L, 2014. 525 s.
10. Bahrah D.N., Rossijskij B.V., Starilov Ju.N. Administrativnoe pravo: Uchebnik dlja vuzov. M.: Norma. 2005. 800 s.
11. Dushakova L.A., Chepurnova N.M. Administrativnoe pravo: uchebno-metodicheskij kompleks. M.: EAOI, 2013. 422 s.
12. Stahov A.I., Kononova P.I. Administrativnoe pravo Rossii: uchebnik i praktikum dlja vuzov / A.I. Stahov [i dr.]; pod red. A.I. Stahova, P.I. Kononova. M.: Jurajt. 2020. 484 s.
13. Chepurnova N.M., Serjogin A.V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnoe posobie. M.: EAOI, 2007. 465 s.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Biyarslanova A. M.
Corruption in public service
This article reveals the conceptual aspect of corruption, also touches upon the problems of the spread of corruption in the public sector, defines administrative responsibility for this crime. The abuse is the development of such a phenomenon as corruption, which is rapidly growing in public power and among officials who are also subjects of public power. Today, such a phenomenon as corruption is observed everywhere - both in society and in the public sector. At the basic level, all countries should create a system that encourages good behavior and punishes corrupt behavior in the public sector. The system should include external motivations such as decent wages, appointments, and merit-based promotions. At the end of the work, suggestions and conclusions are given.
Keywords: civil service, offense, administrative responsibility, corruption, measures, public authority, politics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) //SZ RF ot 26 janvarja 2009 g. # 4. St. 445.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 29.06.2018 # 378 «O Nacional'nom plane protivodejstvija korrupcii na 2018-2020 gody» // SZ RF. 2018. # 27. St. 4038.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 25.12.2008 # 273-FZ (red. Ot 26.05.2021) «O protivodejstvii korrupcii»// SZ RF ot 29 dekabrja 2008 g. # 52 (chast' I) st. 6228.
4. Proekt Federal'nogo zakona # 1078992-7 «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii v chasti sovershenstvovanija mer otvetstvennosti za korrupcionnye pravonarushenija» (red., vnesennaja v GD FS RF, tekst po sostojaniju na 18.12.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ cons/cgi/online.cgi?req =doc&base=PRJ&n=202420# 07485 134882700073 (data obrashhenija: 24.11.2021).
5. Konvencija Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij protiv korrupcii (prinjata General'noj Assambleej OON 31 oktjabrja 2003 g.) //SZ RF ot 26 ijunja 2006 g. # 26 st. 2780.
6. Vidy, formy korrupcii, prichiny i posledstvija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/types-forms-ofcorruption-causes-and-consequences (data obrashhenija: 24.11.2021).
7. Vosprijatie rossijanami korrupcii kak social'noj problemy. 2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ vospriyatie- rossiyanami-korruptsii-kak-sotsialnoy-problemy(data obrashhenija: 25.11.2021).
8. Grishkovec A.A. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost' gosudarstvennyh grazhdanskih sluzhashhih: sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija // Administrativnoe pravo i process. 2018. # 2. S. 38—48.
9. Zavgorodnjaja, L.V., Saradzhishvili V.M., Zajceva Ju.Ju. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost' gosudarstvennyh grazhdanskih sluzhashhih za korrupcionnye pravonarushenija. — Tekst: neposredstvennyj// Molodoj uchenyj. - 2018. - # 52 (238). - S. 192-194.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://moluch.ru/archive/238/55240/ (data obrashhenija:25.11.2021).
10. Martynjuk D.A. Administrativnye pravonarushenija, svjazannye s narusheniem zapretov i ogranichenij, nalagaemyh gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhboj. - Tekst: prjamoj // Molodoj uchenyj. - 2020.- # 17 (307). - S. 213-216. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://moluch.ru/ archive/307/69197/(data obrashhenija: 25.11.2021).
11. Paulov P.A., Arkeljan A.A. Protivodejstvie korrupcii v sisteme gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh zakupok v Rossijskoj Federacii // Bjulleten' nauki i praktiki. -2018. - # 4. - S. 52-64.
12. Sozonova V.S. Korrupcija v organah gosudarstvennoj vlasti // Molodoj uchenyj. -2019. - # 40 (278).- S. 75-77.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Gatsolati V. E.
State registration of NGOs: administrative procedures in Russia and in the countries of the European Union
The article discusses scientific approaches to the definition of the concepts of administrative procedure and administrative regulations in modern jurisprudence. The author’s definition of the concept of an administrative procedure for the provision of public legal services for the state registration of NPOs is proposed. The differences in the administrative and legal regulation of the implementation of administrative procedures during the state registration of NPOs in Russia and in the countries of the European Union are revealed. The stages of administrative proceedings for the provision of public law services for state registration of NPOs in Russia are determined. The article reveals the peculiarities of the administrative-legal regulation of the provision of public-legal services for the state registration of NPOs in the countries of the European Union in terms of the established requirements for the constituent documents of the recipient of the service.
Keywords: civil society, non-profit organizations, non-governmental organizations, state registration, public service, administrative procedures, administrative regulations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Davydov K. V. Administrativnaja reforma i administrativnye procedury: perspektivy razvitija rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva // Vestnik universiteta imeni O. E. Kutafina (MGJuA).– 2018. – # 1 (41). – S. 99-109. DOI: 10.17803/2311-5998.2018.41.1.099-109.
2. Lomakina V. F. Razvitie instituta administrativnyh procedur (na primere formirovanija normativnoj pravovoj bazy administrativnyh reglamentov federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti) // Trudy IGP RAN. – 2016. – # 5. – S. 93-101.
3. Nozdrachev A. F. Sistemnaja reglamentacija administrativnoj dejatel'nosti: otechestvennaja doktrina i praktika // Zakonodatel'stvo i jekonomika. – 2011.– # 8. – S. 5-41.
4. Rogacheva O. S. Ot administrativnyh reglamentov k administrativnym proceduram: postanovka zadachi i puti ee prakticheskoj realizacii // Administrativnoe pravo i process. – 2013. – # 6. – S. 48-52.
5. Salishheva N. G., Abrosimova E. N. O problemah formirovanija v rossijskoj federacii instituta administrativnoj procedury // Konstitucionnoe pravo: Vostochnoevropejskoe obozrenie.– 2002. – # 4 (41). – S. 131-141.
6. Starilov Ju. N. Rossijskij zakon ob administrativnyh procedurah dolzhen stat' neot"emlemoj chast'ju sovremennogo administrativnogo zakonodatel'stva // Vestnik voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: pravo. – 2015.– # 3 (22). – S. 20-28.
7. Stahov A. I., Nesterenko I. A. Administrativnaja procedura v Rossijskoj Federacii: ponjatie, sushhnost', struktura, sfera primenenija // Administrativnoe pravo i process. – 2012. – # 4. – S. 37-42.
8. Hazanov S. D. Administrativnye procedury: opredelenie i sistematizacija // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2003. – # 1 (37). – S. 58-63.
9. Krajewska, A., & Makowski, G. Law Regarding Civil Society Organisations in Poland. In: T. Van der Ploeg,W. Van Veen, & C. Versteegh (Authors), Civil Society in Europe: Minimum Norms and Optimum Conditions of its Regulation– Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2017. – Rp. 486-507. doi:10.1017/9781316536407.016.
10. Overes, H. Legal Aspects of Civil Society Organisations and Their Relation with Government: The Netherlands. In: T. Van der Ploeg, W. Van Veen, & C. Versteegh (Authors), Civil Society in Europe: Minimum Norms and Optimum Conditions of its Regulation. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. – Rp. 466-485doi:10.1017/9781316536407.015.
11. Pantelidou, K., & Vogiatzis, D. Legal Aspects of Civil Society Organisations and Their Relation with Government: Greece. In: T. Van der Ploeg, W. Van Veen, & C. Versteegh (Authors), Civil Society in Europe:Minimum Norms and Optimum Conditions of its Regulation. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. – Rp. 400-417. doi:10.1017/9781316536407.012.
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Ibrakhim M. M., Pavlov N. V.
Legal features of european municipal systems
The development of the institution of local self-government has always been associated with the
search for a balance of interests of the state and society. In Western democracies, power structures occupy a central place, and their main function is to ensure the well-being of the population. The current stage of the development of local self-government in the Russian Federation makes the problem of comprehensive provision of the interests of society, including at the regional and local level, relevant again. We are talking about improving the local governance system, which is an important condition for the formation of a democratic State. The question of the prospects for the development of effective local self-government requires an analysis of foreign legislation.
Keywords: local government, municipality, municipal administration, state authorities.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 1 dekabrja 2015 g. # 30-P «Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti» ch. 4, 5 i 5.1 st. 35, ch. 2 i 3.1 st. 36 Federal'nogo zakona «Ob obshhih principah organizacii mestnogo samoupravlenija v Rossijskoj Federacii» i ch. 1.1 st. 3 Zakona Irkutskoj oblasti «Ob otdel'nyh voprosah formirovanija organov mestnogo samoupravlenija municipal'nyh obrazovanij Irkutskoj oblasti» v svjazi s zaprosom gruppy deputatov Gosudarstvennoj Dumy // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2015. 14 dekabrja.
2. Blagov Ju.V. Ukrupnenie municipal'nyh obrazovanij v novejshee vremja // Pravoprimenenie. 2017. Tom 1. # 3. S. 117.
3. Vasil'ev V.I. Eshhe raz o territorial'nyh urovnjah mestnogo samoupravlenija // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2018. # 1. S. 116.
4. Vasil'ev V.I. K voprosu o territorial'nyh urovnjah mestnogo samoupravlenija // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2017. # 1. S. 88.
5. Gorelikova H.A., Pavlov N.V. K voprosu konstitucionnyh izmenenij v sfere mestnogo samoupravlenija // Molodoj uchjonyj. 2021. # 8 (350). S. 83.
6. Evdokimov V.B., Starcev Ja.Ju. Mestnye organy vlasti zarubezhnyh stran. M., 2017.
7. Kazannik A.I. V plenu nadumannyh konstrukcij //Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. 2016. # 6. S. 24-26.
8. Konysheva E.G. Mestnoe samoupravlenie nuzhdaetsja v «svoem» ministerstve // Regional'naja vlast', mestnoe samoupravlenie i grazhdanskoe obshhestvo:mehanizmy vzaimodejstvija: Sb. nauch. trudov. Saratov, 2017. S. 142.
9. Lavrusheva K.V., Pavlov N.V., Bel'chik A.M. Cennosti mestnogo samoupravlenija v zapadnoevropejskih demokratijah // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2021. # 1 (152). S. 170.
10. Nefedova T.G. Strana za predelami bol'shih gorodov // Mestnoe samoupravlenie v sovremennoj Rossii. M.: Vladimir, 2017. S. 211.
11. Ob organizacii mestnogo samoupravlenie v zarubezhnyh stranah (na primere Germanii, Pol'shi i Kanady) // Analiticheskij vestnik SF FS RF. 2018. # 26 (246). S. 151-227.
12. Starodubrovskaja I.V., Slavgorodskaja M.Ju. Monitoring hoda reformy mestnogo samoupravlenija //Mestnoe samoupravlenie v sovremennoj Rossii. M.: Vladimir, 2017. S. 37.
13. Cherkasov A.I. Krizis predstavitel'noj demokratii na mestnom urovne v zarubezhnyh stranah i mehanizmy ego preodolenija // Nauchnye trudy. Rossijskaja akademija juridicheskih nauk. Vyp. 14. V 2 t.T. 1. M., 2017. S. 272.
14. Shajhullin M.S. K voprosu o neobhodimosti usilenija garantij neposredstvennogo osushhestvlenija naseleniem mestnogo samoupravlenija // Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. 2016. # 10. S. 29.
15. Sheludjakova T.V., Zhukova I.Ju. O konstitucionnyh (ustavnyh) sudah sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii v sovremennyj period // Konstitucionalizm i gosudarstvovedenie. 2018. # 1 (11). S. 48.
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Gripp E. H., Yakhina Yu. H.
On the issue of improving the legal regulation of local issues of intra-city municipalities of Federal cities (on the example of St. Petersburg)
The article is devoted to the legal analysis of some issues of local importance of inner-city municipalities of federal cities (on the example of St. Petersburg). The studied issues of local significance of the municipalities of St. Petersburg are formulated insufficiently clearly and unambiguously, which gives rise to discrepancies between public authorities. The authors make suggestions for their improvement. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that it is necessary to increase the level of detailed regulation of local issues in federal cities.
Keywords: local self-government, issues of local importance, inner-city municipalities, federal city, reform, population, public authority, powers, municipal formation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vestnik Zakonodatel'nogo Sobranija Sankt-Peterburga. – 2009. – # 22. – St. 21.
2. Levina V. V. Osobennosti i problemy realizacii municipal'nyh obrazovanij v gorodah federal'nogo znachenija // Voprosy upravlenija. – 2020.– # 1 (62). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/osobennosti-i -problemy - realizatsii - munitsipalnyh –obrazovaniy – v- gorodah-federalnogo-znacheniya (data obrashhenija:28.11.2021).
3. Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2003. – # 40. – St.3822.
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Omran Bashar
Decentralization of local administration in the Syrian Arab Republic
The article examines the current problems of building a system of decentralized local administrations bodies in the Syrian Arab Republic. The theoretical foundations of decentralized local administration are revealed. The article considers the legal framework that establishes the procedure for the organization and activities of local administration bodies in accordance with the principle of decentralization. Problems and obstacles for the normal functioning of the mechanism for the implementation of constitutional provisions on the decentralized nature of the organization of public authority at the local level are identified. Proposals were formulated to improve the Syrian legislation on local administration, aimed at creating the necessary legal framework for building a decentralized system of local administration bodies.
Keywords: local administration, constitution, decentralization, centralization, municipality.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zakon «O mestnoj administracii» # 107 ot 23.08.2011 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.parliament.gov.sy/arabic/index.php?node=201&nid=4390&ref=tree.
2. Konstitucija Sirijskoj Arabskoj Respubliki (prinjata na referendume 26.02.2012 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://worldconstitutions.ru/?p=459.
3. Ismail Ahmed. Zakon o mestnoj administracii:uchebnik. Publikacii Sirijskogo virtual'nogo universiteta, 2018. - 195 s.
4. Nahili Said. Administrativnoe pravo. - Baas Universitet, 2013. - 399 c.
5. Nahili Said. Mestnaja administracija v Sirii mezhdu real'nost'ju i ambicijami. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.dcrs.sy/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%91%D8%A9-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%B3%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%A8-%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A2%D9%81%D9%80%D9%80%D9%80%D9%80%D9%80%D8%A7%D9%8.
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Ustinova E. A., Okuneva A. N., Pavlov N. V.
The problem of disposal of solid waste in the municipal formation Krasnodar city
This article deals with the problems of solid waste disposal in the city of Krasnodar, sanctified the origins of this problem, considered regulatory and legal acts and other documents regulating the sale of solid household waste in the territory of the municipality, presented ways to solve this problem and provided forecasts of the emergence of a complex environmental situation in case of failure to take appropriate measures.
Keywords: solid waste, waste, waste management, utilization, processing, waste management, the problem of waste management, separate collection.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ivleva M. V., Pavlov N. V. Utilizacija othodov kak odin iz vazhnejshih voprosov mestnogo znachenija municipal'nyh obrazovanij (na primere MO gorod Krasnodar i MO Dinskoj rajon) // Social'no-gumanitarnyj vestnik. Vserossijskij sbornik nauchnyh trudov. Krasnodar, 2019. – S. 152.
2. Korostiev A. V., Chernyshev M. A. Sovershenstvovanie metodov upravlenija tverdo-bytovymi othodami v municipal'nyh obrazovanijah // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchno-issledovatel'skij zhurnal. – 2013. – #7 (14) Chast' 3. – S. 20.
3. Lychagina A. A. Analiz sushhestvujushhih problem v sfere obrashhenija s othodami v RF // Vestnik associacii vuzov turizma i servisa. – 2020. – # 2-2. – S. 179.
4. Pavlenkov M. N., Voronin P. M. Problemy razvitija sfery tverdyh kommunal'nyh othodov municipal'nogo obrazovanija // Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Politicheskie, sociologicheskie i jekonomicheskie nauki. –2018. – # 3 (9). – S. 136.
5. Hizbullin F. F., Sattarov A. R., Hakimov R. T. K voprosu organizacii pererabotki tverdyh bytovyh othodov v Rossijskoj Federacii // TTPS. – 2014. –# 3 (29). – S. 85-86.
 
CIVIL LAW
Bessarabova S. Yu., Koshelyuk B. E.
Calculation of the limitation period in family law. Suspension, interruption, restoration of terms
The article examines the procedure for calculating the statute of limitations, the influence of time on legal relations, and also examines the traditional understanding of the statute of limitations.
The work raises the most pressing issues related to this area, as well as gaps in the right to regulate family law. The author also examines in detail the interruption of terms, suspension and restoration of the statute of limitations in family legal relations.
Keywords: term, limitation of actions, protection of rights, norms of law, family legal relations.
Work bibliographic list
1. O nekotoryh voprosah, svjazannyh s primeneniem norm Grazhdanskogo kodeksa RF ob iskovoj davnosti: postanovlenija Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Ros.Federacii ot 12 nojabrja 2001 g. # 15, Plenuma Vysshego Arbitrazhnogo Suda Ros. Federacii ot 15 nojabrja 2001 g. # 18. Punkt 14 // Ros. gaz. – 2001. 8 dek.– # 242.
2. Dobrovol'skij A. A., Ivanova S. A. Osnovnye problemy iskovoj formy zashhity prava. – M.: Izd-voMosk. un-ta, 1979. – 159 s.
3. Il'ichev P. A. Iskovaja davnost'. Problemy teorii i pravoprimenitel'noj praktiki: dis. … kand.jurid. nauk: 12.00.03. – M., 2014. – 171 s.
4. Ioffe O. S. Sovetskoe grazhdanskoe pravo: kurs lekcij. – L., 1958. – 511 s.
5. Ioffe O. S. Izbrannye trudy po grazhdanskomu pravu: Pravootnoshenie po sovetskomu grazhdanskomu pravu. – M.: Statut, 2002. – 282 s.
6. Lebedeva K. Ju. Iskovaja davnost' v sisteme grazhdansko-pravovyh srokov: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk:12.00.03. – Tomsk, 2003. – 245 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Volkov Yu. V.
Informer as an actor of information transfer, and the actor of law
In the paper, which opens the author’s cycle of articles on less-studied subjects of the information process, various approaches to understanding the informer (informant/informator) as an actor of secret transmission of information are considered. This basic stage of research is characterized by a general approach to understanding the role and legal status of the informer and informant. The key task of the study is to search for a branch of law for the formation of norms on the informer (informant/informator). The presented theoretical conclusions will allow in the future to construct platform for the development of relevant branch of legislation. The presented material can be the basis for further scientific research, for optional classes in information, financial and criminal procedure law.
Keywords: informant, informer, informator, information, transfer of information, law, provocator, spy, telltale.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anglo-russkij juridicheskij slovar' s transkripciej / Pod obshh. red. I. V. Mironovoj. 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. SPb ., 2004. 697 s.
2. Arakin V. D. Vygodskaja Z. S. Il'ina N. N. Anglo-russkij slovar': Okolo 34 000 slov. Ekaterinburg: Izd. «Ural-Sovety». 1991. 988 s.
3. Astahina L. Ju. Lingvisticheskoe istochnikovedenie i istoricheskaja leksikologija. // Vestnik PSTGU III: Filologija 2008. Vyp. 1 (11) S. 7-17.
4. Berkutov A. S. Rol' agentury v dejatel'nosti organov milicii v poslevoennye gody // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2009. #4. S. 63-67.
5. Buldygerova L. N., Daruda M. Ju. Pravovoe regulirovanie donosa v Rossii (XIV-XIX vv.) / Innovacionnoe razvitie sovremennoj juridicheskoj nauki: Sb. Materialy III Vserossijskogo nauchno-prakticheskogo konkursa molodyh uchenyh, aspirantov i studentov, posvjashhennogo pamjati prof. A. P. Lonchakova. 2019. S. 9-14.
6. Vedeneev D. V., Shkarovskij M. V. Repressivnye akcii organov gosudarstvennoj bezopasnosti protiv obshhin «istinno-pravoslavnoj cerkvi» v Ukrainskoj SSR (1944-1953 gg.) // Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Svjato-Tihonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Serija 2: Istorija. Istorija Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi. 2016. # 3 (70). S.77-92.
7. Vereshhagina A. V., Omel'janenko M. E. Institualizacija justicii v normah Russkoj Pravdy //Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2020.T. 15. # 1 (110). S. 11-23.
8. Golovin A. Ju., Dubonosov E. S. Provokacija prestuplenija v sisteme sysknoj dejatejal'nosti policii (XIX-nachalo XX vv.) // Izvestija Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Gumanitarnye nauki. 2013. # 4. . 71-77.
9. Efimov S. V. «Na pushechnom dvore… daby nikakogo vorovstva i bluden ne bylo». Bor'ba s korrupciej i kaznokradstvom v artillerijskom vedomstve v nachale XVIII veka // Voenno-istoricheskij zhurnal. 2013. # 9. S 38-43.
10. Leonov M. M. «Tajnyj i oboronitel'nyj sojuz» pri dvore Nikolaja II // Izvestija Akademiiupravlenija: teorija, strategii, innovacii. 2011.# 2. S. 53-61.
11. Mironova A. V. Zajavitel' i ochevidec kak uchastniki ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva s neopredelennym processual'nym statusom // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2015. # 9.S. 84-87.
12. Novombergskij N. Slovo i delo gosudarevy (Processy do izdanija Ulozhenija Alekseja Mihajlovicha 1649 goda). T. 1. M.: Kniga po Trebovaniju, 2011. 619 s.
13. Ozerova O. A. K voprosu ob organizacii informacionnoj i agenturnoj raboty sredi tjurkskogo naselenija partijnymi i sovetskimi organami zapadnoj Sibiri (konec 1920-h-1930-e gg.) //Omskij nauchnyj vestnik. 2014. # 1 (125). S. 17-19.
14. Pal'cun I. N. Gosudarstvennoe finansirovanie instituta informatorstva: istorija i sovremennost' // Jekonomika, predprinimatel'stvo i pravo. 2017. T. 7. # 1. S. 17-31.
15. Perelygin N. N. Ispol'zovanie rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti na stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnyh del o kontrabande narkoticheskih sredstv // Nauchnyj portal MVD Rossii. 2009. # 4 (8). S. 91-94.
16. Black`s Law Dictionary(1891).9th.ed. NY.: Thomson Reuters, 2009. 1943 p.

CIVIL LAW
Ganiev T. G.
To the question about the concept of first aid
Timely provision of first aid to persons is very important to ensure the preservation of their life and health. The absence of the concept of “first aid”, the list of subjects obliged to provide it does not allow the state to fully ensure the realization of the rights of citizens to life and health protection. The article analyzes the legislation regulating relations in the field of public health protection in the provision of first aid, an attempt is made to formulate the concept of “first aid”, to determine the circle of persons obliged to provide first aid.
Keywords: first aid, health care, persons obliged to provide first aid, conditions for the provision of first aid, duties of a medical worker, responsibility of persons obliged to provide first aid.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks torgovogo moreplavanija Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.04.1999 # 81-FZ (red. ot 11.06.2021).
2. Trudovoj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.2001 # 197-FZ (red. ot 22.11.2021).
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 03.08.2018 # 289-FZ (red. Ot 02.07.2021) «O tamozhennom regulirovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 22.08.2021).
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 03.07.2016 # 226-FZ (red. Ot 01.07.2021) «O vojskah nacional'noj gvardii Rossijskoj Federacii».
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.07.1997 # 118-FZ (red. Ot 30.12.2020) «Ob organah prinuditel'nogo ispolnenija Rossijskoj Federacii».
6. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.11.2011 # 323-FZ (red. Ot 02.07.2021) «Ob osnovah ohrany zdorov'ja grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.01.2022). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LA
W_121895/61fd6990f1c1113fdf671ef8b8365f233f832236/
7. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 23.10.1993 #1090 (red. ot 31.12.2020) «O Pravilah dorozhnogo dvizhenija».
8. Prikaz Minzdravsocrazvitija Rossii ot 04.05.2012 # 477n (red. ot 07.11.2012) «Ob utverzhdenii perechnja sostojanij, pri kotoryh okazyvaetsja pervaja pomoshh', i perechnja meroprijatij po okazaniju pervoj pomoshhi» (Zaregistrirovano v Minjuste Rossii 16.05.2012 # 24183).
9. Bol'shaja rossijskaja jenciklopedija: [v 35 t.] / Gl. red. Ju. S. Osipov. — M.: Bol'shaja rossijskaja jenciklopedija, 2004. — 2017.
 
CIVIL LAW
Krutikov V. K., Medvedeva O. S., Sharov S. V.
Problems of property legal relations in the modern digital space
The article discusses the features of property legal relations in the context of digital space. The modern practice of regulating civil legal relations of a property nature is reflected. The advantages and problems hindering the progressive development of property relations are presented. The main provisions are formulated that allow us to solve emerging problems qualitatively and prospectively.
Examples of improvement of civil legislation in the sphere of property regulation are demonstrated.
Keywords: digital technologies, law, property, transactions, services, Internet, contracts.
Work bibliographic list
1. Pasport nacional'noj programmy «Cifrovaja jekonomika Rossijskoj Federacii» Utv. prezidiumom soveta pri Prezidente RF po strategicheskomu razvitiju i nacional'nym proektam. Protokol ot 24 dekabrja 2018 goda # 16.
2. Doklad «Cifrovoe pravitel'stvo 2020. Perspektivy dlja Rossii». Vsemirnyj bank. - M., 2016.
3. Ivanter V. V. Perspektivy razvitija jekonomiki Rossii na blizhajshie dvadcat' let // Vestnik RAN.- 2008. - Tom 78. - # 2.
4. Krutikov V. K. Nacional'noe vozrozhdenie Podnebesnoj: opyt dlja Otechestva. - Kaluga: IP Strel'cov I.A. (Izd-vo «Jejdos»), 2020. - 246 s.
5. Tereljanskij P. V. Shag v budushhee: iskusstvennyj intellekt i cifrovaja jekonomika. Revoljucija v upravlenii: novaja cifrovaja jekonomika ili novyj mir mashin: materialy II Mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo foruma. Vyp. 2 / Gosudarstvennyj universitet upravlenija. - M.: Izdatel'skij dom GUU, 2018. - 459s.
6. Ivanter V., Porfir'ev B., Shirov A. Ot modernizacii jekonomicheskoj politiki k kachestvennomu rostu jekonomiki // Rossijskij jekonomicheskij zhurnal. - 2016. - # 1. - S. 3-15.
7. Medvedeva O. S., Levkina V. N. Sovremennaja strategija social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Kaluzhskoj oblasti // Vestnik Altajskoj akademii jekonomiki i prava. - 2020. - # 7-1. - S. 144-150. DOI 10.17513/vaael.1219.
 
CIVIL LAW
Kupchina E. V.
Overview of the application of digital technologies by international commercial arbitration tribunals
The number of cross-border trade transactions is growing steadily every year. To a large extent, this fact is facilitated by the active development and widespread introduction of information and telecommunication technologies. Thanks to digitalization, it has long been possible to negotiate and reach an agreement on all material terms of transactions through the exchange of electronic messages, as well as conclude contracts using an electronic signature. There is no doubt that the increase in the number of trade transactions leads to an increase in potential disputes between the parties. Due to some significant advantages over traditional litigation, alternative dispute resolution and especially arbitration are considered the most effective ways of resolving conflicts. The integration of information and telecommunication technologies into all spheres of human activity has had a direct impact on the means and methods of conducting arbitration proceedings. Various digital tools used in arbitration such as email, audio and video conferencing, online platforms, electronic signatures and electronic documents have become commonplace. However, fully online arbitration was, until recently, quite rare. The volatile economic environment, as well as a number of restrictive measures related to COVID-19, have prompted many arbitration centers to create and conduct fully electronic arbitration. In this regard, the author of this study thinks it possible to analyze the current state of affairs, as well as a set of activities carried out by arbitration centers for the promotion of digital technologies.
Keywords: e-arbitration, e-document management, video conferencing, artificial intelligence, digitalization, robot-judge.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arbitrazhnye pravila Mezhdunarodnoj torgovoj palaty ICC (01.01.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://iccwbo.org/dispute-resolutionservices/arbitration/rules-of-arbitration/ (data obrashhenija: 15.04.2021).
2. Vsemirnaja organizacija intellektual'noj sobstvennosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.wipo.int/amc/en/ecaf/introduction.jsp(data obrashhenija: 25.04.2021).
3. Kupchina E. V. Kiberbezopasnost' v mezhdunarodnom kommercheskom arbitrazhe pri rassmotrenii intellektual'nyh sporov // Pravovaja paradigma. -2020. - T. 19. - # 2. - S. 129–135.
4. Kupchina E. V. «Iskusstvennyj intellekt v intellektual'noj sobstvennosti: voprosy avtorskogo prava» // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020.- # 12(151). - S. 146–151.
5. Mamychev A. Ju., Frolova E. E., Kim A. A. «Budushhee» kak attraktor sovremennyh politiko-pravovyh i social'no-jekonomicheskih transformacij: obzor osnovnyh problem i podhodov. // Advancesin Law Studies. - 2020. - # 5. - T. 8. - S. 3–17.
6. American Arbitration Association. AAAWeb File and Paneliste Center. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.adr.org/ (data obrashhenija:15.03.2021).
7. Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://hsfnotes.com/arbitration/2019/11/14/new-stockholm-chamber-of-commerce-arbitratorsguidelines-and-scc-platform/ (data obrashhenija:28.04.2021).
8. Blake S., Heather JB, Stuart S. A Practical Approach to Alternative Dispute Resolution. - Oxford University Press, 4th edition, 2016. - P. 583.
9. China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission. CIETAC Virtual Hearing Statement.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cietac.org/?l=en (data obrashhenija: 15.03.2021).
10. Ermakova E. P., Ivanovskaya N. V., Shakirov S. Sh. The evolution of legal regulation of civil proceedings and arbitration in Australia. 6th International Conference on Education and Social Sciences. Abstracts & Proceedings. OCERINT (2019). - P. 1011-1017.
11. Fayad M., Kazzi H. Electronic arbitration in Lebanon– overview and trends // European Scientific Journal. -2015. - Vol. 11. - # 7 (March). - P. 39-57.
12. Hilborne N. Robot mediator settles first ever court case. Legalfutures (19.02.2019). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa:https://www.legalfutures.co.uk/latestnews/robot-mediator-settles-first-ever-court-case (data obrashhenija: 15.04.2021).
13. Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre. Guidelines for Virtual Hearings. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.hkiac.org/ (data obrashhenija: 21.03.2021).
14. ICCA-NYC BAR-CPR Cybersecurity Protocol for International Arbitration (21.11.2019). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.arbitrationicca. org/publications/ICCA_Report_N6.html (data obrashhenija: 08.04.2021).
15. Inshakova A., Frolova E., Rusakova E., Kovalev S. The model of distribution of human and machine labor at intellectual production in industry 4.0 // Journal of Intellectual Capital. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIC-11-2019-0257. (data obrashhenija: 25.04.2021).
16. Intelligent Hearing of China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://kt.cietac.org/portal/main/domain/index.htm (data obrashhenija: 15.03.2021).
17. International Centre for Dispute Resolution. ICDR International Dispute Resolution Procedures (01.03.2021).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.icdr.org/sites/default/files/document_repository/ICDR_Rules_0.pdf?utm_source=icdr-website&utm_medium=rules-page&utm_campaign=rules-intl-update-1mar (data obrashhenija: 18.04.2021).
18. International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes. A Brief Guide to Online Hearings at ICSID, ICSID News Release (24.03.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://icsid.worldbank.org/news-and-events/news-releases/brief-guide-onlinehearings-
icsid?CID=362 (data obrashhenija: 28.03.2021).
19. Judicial Arbitration and Mediation Services. JAMSADRRules&Clauses. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. -Rezhim dostupa: https://www.jamsadr.com/adr-rulesprocedures/(data obrashhenija: 10.04.2021).
20. London International Commercial Arbitration. LCIA Arbitration Rules. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.lcia.org/ (data obrashhenija: 18.03.2021).
21. Muigua K, Ombati J. Achieving expeditious Justice:Harnessing Technology for Cost Effective International Commercial Arbitral Proceedings. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://kmco.co.ke/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/Achieving-expeditious-Justice-Harnessing-Technology-for-Cost-Effective-Arbitral-Proceedings-17th-December-2018.pdf (data obrashhenija: 20.04.2021).
22. Rusakova E. P., Frolova E. E., Gorbacheva A. I. Digital rights as a new object of civil rights: Issues of substantive and procedural law // Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. - 2020. - T. 1100. - P. 665-673.
23. Seoul Protocol on Video Conferencing in International Arbitration (18.03.2020). - [Jelektronnyj resurs]. -Rezhim dostupa: http://www.sidrc.org/static_root/userUpload/data/[FINAL]%20Seoul%20Protocol%20on%20Video%20Conference%20in%20International%20Arbitration.pdf (data obrashhenija: 10.04.2021).
24. Singapore International Arbitration Centre, Arbitrazhnyj reglament mezhdunarodnogo arbitrazhnogo centra v Singapure (6-ja redakcija ot 01.08.2016). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.siac.org.sg/images/stories/articles/rules/2016/SIAC%20Rules%202016%20(Russian%20version)_Complete.pdf(data obrashhenija: 25.04.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Mishukov V. O.
Development of national legislation on the basics of electronic voting
In the Russian Federation, the highest direct expression of the power of the people is a referendum and free elections. This fact is enshrined in Part 3 of Article 3 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation (as of July 21, 2014). The degree of importance of completeness and reliability of fixing the results of the expression of the will of voters is due to the functionality of the electoral institute, the effectiveness of which is determined depending on the existing and created conditions for the expression of the will of voters, appropriate working tools are used to fix the results. In connection with the above, it is necessary to conclude that the state is obliged to create effective, working tools – a system for the implementation of the will of the parties, as well as the creation of a legal framework regulating the sustainable operation of the system. These obligations were enshrined in article 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of
December 10, 1948, according to which: “expression in periodic and unfalsified elections, which must be held with universal and equal suffrage, by secret ballot or by other equivalent forms ensuring freedom of voting.” Thus, the adaptation of the mechanism of the electoral system for citizens in accordance with modern conditions and opportunities for the realization of citizens’ electoral rights has marked a new, rapidly developing area of the electoral process – remote electronic voting (hereinafter – DEG).
Keywords: voting, legislation, development, law, fundamentals, remote voting.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vyshnjakov V. M. Razreshenie problemy doverija k sistemam jelektronnogo golosovanija // Colloquiumjournal.– 2020. – # 29-1 (81). – S. 44-51.
2. Erohina O. V. Tehnologii jelektronnogo golosovanija v Rossii // Vestnik universiteta. – 2019. – # 11.– S. 5-11. – DOI 10.26425/1816-4277-2019-11-5-11.
3. Matvejchev M. Ju. Zarubezhnyj opyt realizacii sistemy jelektronnogo golosovanija kak odnogo iz vazhnejshih mehanizmov jelektronnoj demokratii //Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. – 2019. – #8 (176). – S. 16-19.
4. Selezneva E. Jelektronnoe golosovanie kak forma realizacii jelektronnoj demokratii // Vybory:teorija i praktika. – 2019. – # 4 (52). – S. 40-41.
5. Tehnologii jelektronnogo golosovanija / A. V. Nedjak, O. Ju. Rudzejt, A. R. Zajnetdinov, S. A. Suksova //Othody i resursy. – 2020. – T. 7. – # 3. – S. 8.
6. Trushkina S. I. Modernizacija jelektronnogo golosovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii posredstvom vnedrenija jelektronnyh pasportov // Nauka i obrazovanie segodnja. – 2019. – # 6-1 (41). – S. 64-65.
7. Fedorov V.I. K voprosu o metodologii rascheta stoimosti vyborov s distancionnym jelektronnym golosovaniem // Social'no-gumanitarnye znanija.– 2021. – # 2. – S. 172-178.
8. Horunzhij S.N. Tajna jelektronnogo golosovanija: ot anonimnosti k konfidencial'nosti // Grazhdanin. Vybory. Vlast'. – 2021. – # 2 (20). – S. 54-62.
9. Chimarov N.S. Pravovye osnovy distancionnogo jelektronnogo golosovanija v kontekste razvitija jelektronnoj demokratii // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskoj juridicheskoj akademii. – 2021. – #3 (52). – S. 23-26.
10. Shlykov V.I. Perspektivy vvedenija jelektronnogo golosovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Trudy Orenburgskogo instituta (filiala) Moskovskoj gosudarstvennoj juridicheskoj akademii. – 2020. –# 3. – S. 30-33.
 
CIVIL LAW
Osmanov O. A.
Usufruct construction in Russian civil law
The article examines the usufruct structure provided for by the draft No. 47538-6 of the Federal Law on Amendments to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. The author examines the approaches of domestic and German civil legislation to the definition of the essence and content of this limited real right. The history of the origin and the main characteristics of the legal regulation of the usufruct in Roman law, in domestic legislation, have been investigated. The current legislation, the provisions of the project No. 47538-6, the civil doctrine have been analyzed, reasonable assumptions have been made about the objective necessity of introducing this institution. Fundamental differences of the usufruct structure proposed by the legislator from its classical institution, developed within the framework of pandect law, are revealed.
The conclusion is made about the independent nature of personal usufruct as a limited property right, its division into two types:ordinary and social. The role of housing legislation in the legal regulation of social usufruct is pointed out.
Keywords: limited property rights, usufruct, personal usufruct, the right of social usufruct, the right of social usufruct, easement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonov B. A. Formirovanie instituta uzufrukta v germanskom grazhdanskom prave: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2006
2. Baron Ju. Sistema rimskogo grazhdanskogo prava: V 6 kn. − SPb., 2005.
3. Bergmann V. Germanskoe grazhdanskoe ulozhenie. –M.: Volters Kluver, 2008.
4. Vasilevskaja L. Ju. Uchenie o veshhnyh sdelkah po germanskomu pravu. – M.: Statut, 2004.
5. Grazhdanskoe pravo: uchebnik: v 4 t. / Otv. red. E. A. Suhanova. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Statut, 2019.− T. 2. − S. 121.
6. Grazhdanskoe ulozhenie. Kn. 3. Votchinnoe pravo:proekt Vysochajshe uchrezhdennoj Redakcionnoj komissii po sostavleniju Grazhdanskogo ulozhenija (s ob"jasnenijami, izvlechennymi iz trudov Redakcionnoj komissii) / pod red. I. M. Tjutrjumova; sost.A. L. Saatchian. – M.: VoltersKluver, 2008. – S. 372.
7. Gromov S. A. Uzufrukt: juridicheskaja konstrukcija i veshhnoe pravo // Veshhnye prava: postanovka problemy i ee reshenie: sb. st. / Otv. red. M. A. Rozhkova.– M.: Statut, 2011. – S. 196.
8. Kachalova I. V. Pravo sobstvennosti i inye veshhnye prava grazhdan na zhilye pomeshhenija: dis. ... kand.jurid. nauk. – M., 2006.
9. Koncepcija razvitija grazhdanskogo zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii, odobrena resheniem Soveta pri Prezidente RF po kodifikacii i sovershenstvovaniju grazhdanskogo zakonodatel'stva ot 07.10.2009 // Portal chastnogo prava. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://privlaw.ru/index.php (data obrashhenija: 16.03.21).
10. Macakjan G. S. Osobennosti pravovoj konstrukcii uzufrukta v rossijskom, germanskom i francuzskom grazhdanskom prave // Juridicheskaja nauka. –2016. − # 2. – S. 59.
11. Proekt federal'nogo zakona # 47538-6 «O vnesenii izmenenij v chasti pervuju, vtoruju, tret'ju i chetvertuju Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii, a takzhe v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» (prinjat v pervom chtenii Postanovleniem Gosudarstvennoj Dumy Federal'nogo Sobranija RF ot 27 aprelja 2012 g. #314-6 GD) // Garant. Spravochno-pravovaja sistema. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://base.garant.ru/58024599/#block_20300 (data obrashhenija:01.09.2021).
12. Sinajskij V. I. Russkoe grazhdanskoe pravo. –M.:Statut, 2002.
 
CIVIL LAW
Pugacheva A. S.
The civil law nature of contracts as the basis for investment relations
Investment activity is regulated by an agreement. The purpose of the study is to identify the civil law nature of contracts as the basis for investment relations. The methodological basis of the research was the formal legal method, which was used to define the concepts; interpretation of legal norms, legal positions of judicial and arbitration practice, doctrinal provisions. The main results of the study are to identify the essence, content, types and functions of contracts that regulate investment relations. The essence of the agreement reflects the civil status of the parties and ensures the efficiency of investment activities. The content of the agreement is due to the economic inequality of the parties, the legal prohibition on abuse of the dominant position, the establishment of a legal regime for investment activities. The criterion for the classification of contracts is the focus of the civil law result. In the process of regulating investment activities, contracts perform civil law, law of obligations, property functions.
Keywords: investment activity, investment legal relations, civil nature, civil contract.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bajbekova Je. F. Soglashenie o razdele produkcii kak grazhdansko-pravovoj dogovor v sfere investicionnoj dejatel'nosti: avtoreferat dissertacii…kandidata juridicheskih nauk. - Kursk: Jugo-Zapadnyj gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2015.
2. Braginskij M.I., V.V. Vitrjanskij. Dogovornoe pravo. Kn. 1. Obshhie polozhenija. - M.: Statut, 2011.
3. Zaharjan M.G., Man'ko O.V. Vvedenie v zakonodatel'stvo polozhenij o dogovore ob investicionnoj dejatel'nosti v ramkah nacional'nogo proekta «maloe i srednee predprinimatel'stvo i podderzhka individual'noj predprinimatel'skoj iniciativy» // Juridicheskaja nauka v XXI veke: aktual'nye problemy i perspektivy ih reshenij: Sbornik nauchnyh statej po itogam raboty kruglogo stola # 6 so vserossijskim i mezhdunarodnym uchastiem, Shahty, 29–30 ijunja 2021 goda.- Shahty: Obshhestvo s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju «KONVERT», 2021. - S. 150-153.
4. Konovalov V.V. Dogovor v investicionnoj dejatel'nosti: osobennosti sudebnoj zashhity prav i interesov investorov // Rossijskij sud'ja. - 2012. - # 8.- S. 9-14.
5. Lapteva A.M. Investicionnoe pravo. - M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2020.
6. Lebedev K.K. Investicionnyj kontrakt: ponjatie i mesto v sisteme dogovornogo prava // Konkurentnoe pravo. - 2020. - # 4. - S. 31-36.
7. Lisica V.N. Pravovoe regulirovanie investicionnyh otnoshenij: teorija, zakonodatel'stvo i praktika primenenija. - Novosibirsk: Novosibirskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2011.
8. Sachenko A.L., Shakurova Je.S. Investicionnyj dogovor kak forma obespechenija investicionnoj dejatel'nosti // Problemy zashhity prav: istorija i sovremennost': XV Mezhdunarodnaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija, Sankt-Peterburg, 29 oktjabrja 2020 goda. - SPb.: Leningradskij gosudarstvennyj universitet imeni A.S. Pushkina, 2021. - S. 185-188.
9. Suhov A.B. Vypolnenie uslovij investicionnogo dogovora v svobodnoj jekonomicheskoj zone // Buhgalter Kryma. - 2021. - # 4. - S. 26-31.
10. Timofeev S.V. Sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz investicionnogo dogovora i sushhestvujushhih form grazhdansko-pravovyh dogovorov, oformljajushhih otnoshenija mezhdu sub"ektami investicionnoj dejatel'nosti // Vestnik RGGU. Serija: Jekonomika. Upravlenie. Pravo. - 2021. - # 1. - S. 119-132.
11. Farhutdinov I.Z. Investicionnoe pravo / I.Z. Farhutdinov, V.A. Trapeznikov. - M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2020.
12. Celoval'nikova, I.Ju. Pravovoe regulirovanie investicionnoj dejatel'nosti. - M.: Juridicheskij institut MIITa, 2013.
13. Shershenevich G.F. Izbrannoe / Vstupitel'naja stat'ja P.V. Krasheninnikov. - M.: Statut, 2016.
 
CIVIL LAW
Rykhletskiy P. L.
Consumer lending in the Russian Federation:current problems and development trends
The article discusses the most pressing problems that arise during the issuance and repayment of consumer loans in the Russian Federation. The analysis of banks’ activity in issuing consumer loans in 2019 and 2020 allowed us to determine the degree of influence of the new coronavirus infection on the consumer lending sector. The author has developed a set of measures aimed at resolving the most problematic issues in the field of lending. The main trends in the development of legal relations at the conclusion of a consumer loan agreement are also highlighted.
Keywords: consumer lending, borrower, banking organization, interest rate.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21 dekabrja 2013 g. # 353-FZ «O potrebitel'skom kredite (zajme)» / Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2013. – 23 dekabrja. - # 289.
2. Arisova M. B. Sovremennye problemy i perspektivy razvitija potrebitel'skogo kreditovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchno-prakticheskij internet-zhurnal «PRO-Jekonomika». - 2020. - #1. - S. 1-8.
3. Vlijanie pandemii COVID-19 na ustojchivost' rossijskoj bankovskoj sistemy: Analiticheskij obzor Nacional'nogo rejtingovogo agentstva, 2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.ranational.ru/sites/default/files/Russian%20Banking%20System_Sept%202020_NRA_Oct20.pdf (data poseshhenija:10.10.2021).
4. Romanova E. V., Shishkina D. A. Rossijskij rynok potrebitel'skogo kreditovanija: problemy, innovacii, perspektivy // Vestnik Saratovskogo gosudarstvennogo social'no-jekonomicheskogo universiteta. - 2020. -# 1. - S. 103-106.
 
CIVIL LAW
Fedotov N. E., Levochko V. V.
To the problem of liability for breach of obligations under the contract for towing ships and floating objects
This article is devoted to the study of the contract of towing of transport river vessels of water navigation. The article examines the features of the liability of the parties for breach of obligations under this contract. The problem of application of the shipper’s liability for concealment of defects of the towed vessel is analyzed. Possible variants of solution of the problem are offered.
Keywords: towing contract, latent defects, breach of obligation, civil liability.
Work bibliographic list
1. Danilin E.M. Ponjatie i predmet dogovora buksirovki. - Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Transportnoe pravo. - 2021. - #
2. Kommentarij k Kodeksu vnutrennego vodnogo transporta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 7 marta 2001 g. #24-FZ / T. A. Dikanova, A. N. Zherebcov, A. I. Bondarev [i dr.]. - Moskva: SPS «Garant», 2019. - 639 s.
3. Zjabkina, T. F. Pravovoe regulirovanie dogovora buksirovki plavuchego ob"ekta / T. F. Zjabkina // Nedelja nauki SPbPU : Materialy nauchnoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem, Sankt-Peterburg, 19–24 nojabrja 2018 goda. - Sankt-Peterburg: Federal'noe gosudarstvennoe avtonomnoe obrazovatel'noe uchrezhdenie vysshego obrazovanija «Sankt-
Peterburgskij politehnicheskij universitet Petra Velikogo», 2019. - S. 178-180.
4. Mikrjukov V.A., Mikrjukova G.A Problemy dogovora buksirovki // Zhurnal «Hozjajstvo i pravo» # 6(497). - M.: Statut, 2018. S. 35-46.
 
CIVIL LAW
Gergolenko M. A.
Abuse of the bankruptcy moratorium by persons controlling the debtor
The article examines the problem of defining the concept of a controlling debtor in the insolvency (bankruptcy) procedure.
At the moment, the problem under study is the most relevant, the legal definition of the controlling debtor of the person does not correspond to the trends that are formed in law enforcement practice.
The author analyzes the concept of a controlling debtor through the study of the category of corporate control. Further, the author analyzes the legal definitions of controlling persons in Russian legislation and highlights the common features of the definitions under consideration.
Based on the study of current law enforcement practice, the author concludes a wide list of grounds on the basis of which a person can be recognized as a controlling debtor.
The author proposes to change the legal definition of the controlling debtor by expanding it, which in turn is due to the specificity of regulated legal relations and the broad powers of the court to consider separate disputes involving controlling debtor persons aimed at establishing the real controlling debtor persons.
Keywords: controlling person of the debtor, corporate control, bankruptcy, economic control, actual control.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ (red. ot 28.06.2021, s izm. ot 26.10.2021) // SPS Konsul'tant-pljus.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 08.02.1998 # 14-FZ (red. Ot 31.07.2020, s izm. ot 24.02.2021) «Ob obshhestvah s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju» // SPS Konsul'tant-pljus.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 26.12.1995 # 208-FZ (red. Ot 31.07.2020, s izm. ot 24.02.2021) «Ob akcionernyh obshhestvah» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.01.2021)// SPS Konsul'tant-pljus.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 22.04.1996 # 39-FZ (red. Ot 31.07.2020) «O rynke cennyh bumag» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.01.2021) // SPS Konsul'tant-pljus.
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.08.2001 # 115-FZ (red. Ot 30.12.2020) «O protivodejstvii legalizacii (otmyvaniju) dohodov, poluchennyh prestupnym putem, i finansirovaniju terrorizma» // SPS Konsul'tant-pljus.
6. «Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja)» ot 31.07.1998 # 146-FZ (red. ot 20.04.2021) //SPS Konsul'tant-pljus.
7. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 21.12.2017 # 53 «O nekotoryh voprosah, svjazannyh s privlecheniem kontrolirujushhih dolzhnika lic k otvetstvennosti pri bankrotstve» // SPS Konsul'tant-pljus.
8. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po jekonomicheskim sporam Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 28.03.2019 #305-JeS18-17629(2) po delu # A40-122605/2017 // SPS Konsul'tant-pljus.
9. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po jekonomicheskim sporam Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 22.06.2020 po delu # 307-JeS19-18723(2,3),A56-26451/2016 // SPS Konsul'tant-pljus.
10. Postanovlenie Arbitrazhnogo suda Moskovskogo okruga ot 29.06.2020 # F05-4771/2018 po delu # A40-33003/2017 // SPS Konsul'tant-pljus.
11. Opredelenie Arbitrazhnogo suda Cheljabinskoj oblasti ot 16.12.2020 goda po delu # A76-22330/2018 //SPS Konsul'tant-pljus.
12. Grabko O.V. Ponjatie i specificheskie cherty grazhdansko-pravovogo kontrolja // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. – 2018. – # 9. – S. 65.
13. Korporativnoe pravo: Uchebnik dlja studentov vuzov, obuchajushhihsja po napravleniju «Jurisprudencija» /E.G. Afanas'eva, V.Ju. Bakshinskas, E.P. Gubin i dr.;otv. red. I.S. Shitkina. –M.: Volters Kluver, 2007.
14. Lomakin D.V. Korporativnye pravootnoshenija: obshhaja teorija i praktika ee primenenija v hozjajstvennyh obshhestvah. –M.: Statut, 2008.
15. Mogilevskij S.D. Obshhestvo s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju: zakonodatel'stvo i praktika ego primenenija. –M.: Statut, 2010.
16. Pokrovskij S.S. Jevoljucija i problemy pravovogo regulirovanija grazhdanskoj otvetstvennosti za bankrotstvo // Zakon. –2018. –# 7. –S. 45.
17. Shitkina I.S. Pravovoe regulirovanie jekonomicheskoj zavisimosti // Prilozhenie k zhurnalu «Hozjajstvo i pravo». –2017. –# 6. –S. 22.
18. Bayne D. C. The Definition of Corporate Control // Saint Louis University Law Journal. –1964. –# 9. – P. 445.
19. Bayne D. C. Corporate Control as a Strict Trustee // The Georgetown Law Journal. – 1965. – # 53. – R. 543.
20. Bayne D. C. A Philosophy of Corporate Control // University of Pennsylvania Law Review. 1963. – Vol. 112.– P. 22-67.
21. Herman E.S. Corporate Control, Corporate Power. A Twentieth Century Fund study. – New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981.
 
CIVIL LAW
Isrepilova L. R.
Legal fictions in modern civil society and the problems of their application
The article analyzes the signs of legal fictions as an important means of legal technology in modern civil society. The essence of legal fiction is revealed from the position of the information approach, according to which such categories as an electronic document and an electronic signature are considered. The main features of legal fiction in these categories are highlighted. The necessity, irreplaceability and effectiveness for both legislation and legal practice are analyzed.
Keywords: legal fiction, means of legal technique, signs of legal fiction, electronic document, electronic signature.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 06.04.2011 # 63-FZ (red. Ot 11.06.2021) «Ob jelektronnoj podpisi» // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ (red. ot 28.06.2021, s izm. ot 26.10.2021) // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Bachilo I. L., Lopatin V. N., Fedotov M. A. Informacionnoe pravo: uchebnik / pod red. B. N. Topornina. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://lawlibrary.ru/poisk. (data obrashhenija: 25.11.2021).
4. Kosovec A. A. Pravovoe regulirovanie jelektronnogo dokumentooborota // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 11. Pravo. - 2017. – # 4. – S. 51-52.
5. Kosovec A. A., Kudashkin Ja. V. Perspektivy pravovogo regulirovanija otnoshenij v seti Internet //Informacionnoe pravo. – 2017. – # 4. – S. 16-19.
6. Kostinskij A. Zakon «Ob jelektronnoj cifrovoj podpisi» // Sovremennaja kniga. – 2019. – # 1. – S. 96.
7. Mozolin V. P. Rol' grazhdanskogo zakonodatel'stva v regulirovanii kompleksnyh imushhestvennyh otnoshenij // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2017. – #1. – S. 26-31.
8. Solovjanenko N. I. Soglashenie mezhdu kommercheskimi partnerami ob jelektronnom obmene dannymi // Mir jelektronnoj kommercii. – 2019. – # 2.– S. 19.
9. Tanimov O. V. Jelektronnyj dokument i jelektronnaja cifrovaja podpis' kak juridicheskie fikcii //Informacionnoe pravo. – 2018. – # 3. – S. 15.
 
CIVIL LAW
Guseykhanova A. R.
On the problem of determining the list of limited property rights to land plots
The article examines the system of limited property rights to land plots enshrined in the civil and land legislation of the Russian Federation. The current legislation has been analyzed, the reasons for the formation of the existing system of limited property rights have been identified, the need to reform this legal institution has been updated. The civil law doctrine and judicial practice have been investigated, which allowed the author to identify and characterize the main problems of improving the system of limited property rights and ways to solve them in the legal regulation of this institution. The provisions of the Concept of reforming civil legislation and the Draft Federal Law on amendments to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation (section 2) have been investigated.
Examples of ambiguous interpretation of the rules on property rights to land plots by the law enforcement officer and ways of overcoming them in judicial practice are given.
Keywords: limited property rights, the right to life-long inherited possession, the right to permanent (unlimited) use, easement, the right to limited use of someone else’s land plot, registration of property rights to a land plot.
Work bibliographic list
1. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 25.12.2003 #512-O «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zaprosa Zakonodatel'nogo Sobranija Nizhegorodskoj oblasti o proverke konstitucionnosti polozhenija abzaca pervogo punkta 2 stat'i 3 Federal'nogo zakona «O vvedenii v dejstvie Zemel'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // Zakony, kodeksy i NPA RF: sajt. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://legalacts.ru/doc/opredeleniekonstitutsionnogo-suda-rf-ot-25122003-n-512-o-ob/(data obrashhenija: 21.07.21).
2. Postanovlenija Plenuma VAS RF ot 24.03.2005g.#11 «O nekotoryh voprosah, svjazannyh s primeneniem zemel'nogo zakonodatel'stva» // Konsul'tant pljus. Spravochno-poiskovaja sistema: sajt. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_52891/ (data obrashhenija: 11.08.21).
3. Ahmet'janova Z. A. Veshhnye prava v grazhdanskom prave Rossii // Civilist. – 2006. – # 1. – S. 28-37.
4. Ahmet'janova Z. A. Veshhnye prava na imushhestvo juridicheskih lic. – Kazan': Taglimat IJeUP, 2001.
5. Ahmet'janova Z. A. Pravovoj status imushhestva juridicheskih lic: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. –M., 1998.
6. Grishaev S. P. Pravo pozhiznennogo nasleduemogo vladenija // Konsul'tant pljus. Spravochno-poiskovaja sistema: sajt. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhimdostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=CJI&n=17239#6O6dEpSuacilNWLA1(data obrashhenija: 22.04.21).
7. Kommentarij k Zemel'nomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii / Pod red. S. I. Saj, S. A. Bogoljubova.– SPb.: Piter, 2008.
8. Makarov E. A. Pravovoe regulirovanie ogranichennyh veshhnyh prav/ E.A. Makarov // Vestnik MFJuA.– 2016. – # 1. – S. 169.
9. Mahinja E. A. Sistema veshhnyh prav v proekte izmenenij Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Omskoj juridicheskoj akademii.– 2016. – # 1. – S. 35-36.
10. Minaeva A. A. Izmenenie sistemy prav na zemel'nye uchastki lic, ne javljajushhihsja sobstvennikami, v proekte izmenenij Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii // Jekologicheskoe pravo. – 2018. – # 5. – S. 68.
11. Orlov A. Nerazmennaja sotka // Den'gi. – 2005. – # 38. - S. 60.
12. Suhanov E. A. Problemy veshhnogo prava v sovremennom rossijskom prave // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2016. – # 4. – S. 38.
 
CIVIL LAW
Ogorodnik V. F.
Problems of law enforcement practice on imaginary (pretended) transactions and transactions to the detriment of creditors
This article is devoted to the relationship between the concepts of «imaginary transaction» and «fake transaction», the adoption of differences between them and transactions made to the detriment of the property interests of creditors in the process of declaring the debtor bankrupt. Particular attention is paid to examples of judicial practice that clearly demonstrate the problems of determining the relationship between an imaginary transaction and transactions to the detriment of creditors.
Keywords: imaginary transaction, pretense, circumvention of the law, debtor, nullity of the transaction, transaction to the detriment of creditors.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 26 oktjabrja 2002 g. # 127-FZ «O nesostojatel'nosti (bankrotstve)»/ Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2002. – 28 oktjabrja. - # 43.
2. Beloborodov M. V., Evtjagina V. F. Osobennosti priznanija nedejstvitel'nymi mnimyh libo pritvornyh sdelok v grazhdanskom prave. // Zakon i pravo, 2021. - # 5. – S. 38–41.
3. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii #1, utverzhdennyj Prezidiumom VS RF 07 aprelja 2021 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/400557008/ (data poseshhenija: 29.09.2021).
4. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po grazhdanskim delam Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 08 dekabrja 2020 g. # 33-KG20-5-K3, 2-1963/2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/400303018/ (data poseshhenija: 05.10.2021).
5. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 23 ijunja 2015 g. # 25 «O primenenii sudami nekotoryh polozhenij razdela I chasti pervoj Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» / Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2015. – 30 ijunja. - # 140.
6. Chast' pervaja Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 nojabrja 1994 g. # 51-FZ / Rossijskaja gazeta. - 1994. – 8 dekabrja. - # 238-239.
 
CIVIL LAW
Bulava M. P.
The council of the regional Bar Association in the structure of the corporate governance of the Russian lawyer community
This paper concerns the legal relations subject to the activities of the council of the Bar associations at regional level in the context of corporate governance of Bar Association.
The aim of the research is to develop the concept of the legal status of the council of the Bar association at regional level within corporate governance of the Russian lawyer society. For this purpose this research provides for an analysis of the legal status of the supreme governing body of the Bar association at regional level and the collegial governing body.
The study is based on the legislation of the Russian Federation, the practice of its application, corporate acts and doctrinal sources in light of corporate governing of the Bars associations.
The author investigates a number of problems considering the procedure for exercising corporate powers of Bar association’s council of the region, the analysis of which made it possible to disclose the corporate nature of the council of the Bar association deeper.
The paper also contains proposals for improving the current legislation in terms of eliminating the identified violation of the balance of powers.
The concept of the legal status of the council of a bar association was formulated on the basis of the results of the research. This concept of the legal status could be useful for participants of bar chambers, its corporate bodies and other non-profit organizations, such as bankruptcy trustee associations, members of collegial governing bodies of Bar chambers, a law enforcement authorities, including within the improvement of internal corporate documents stating procedures for managing the bar association.
Keywords: advocacy, Bar Association, Bar council, non-profit corporation, corporate governance, the legal status, the conference of lawyers.
Work bibliographic list
1. Besedin A. N., Efimenko E. N. [i dr.]; otv. red. Tjagaj E.D. Korporativnye otnoshenija: kompleksnye problemy teoreticheskogo izuchenija i normativno-pravovogo regulirovanija / Mosk. gos. jurid. un-t im. O. E. Kutafina (MGJuA). – M.: NORMA, 2014. – S. 95-144.
2. Vlasova A. S., Udalova N. M., Kochkurova K. S. Stanovlenie «lichnosti» kommercheskoj korporativnoj organizacii: teoreticheskie i prakticheskie aspekty //Pravo i jekonomika. – 2015. – # 9. – S. 43-52.
3. Laptev V. A. Korporativnoe pravo: pravovaja organizacija korporativnyh sistem / Mosk. gos. jurid. un-t im. O. E. Kutafina (MGJuA). – M.: Prospekt, 2019.
4. Suhanov E. A. Sravnitel'noe korporativnoe pravo.– M.: Statut, 2014.
5. Turbina I. A. Edinolichnyj ispolnitel'nyj organ hozjajstvennogo obshhestva v sisteme korporativnogo upravlenija // Legal Concept. – 2016. – # 1 (30). – S. 145-150
 
CIVIL LAW
Ivanova A. N.
On the issue of hybrid forms of competitive procedures in the context of procurement legislation
The article is devoted to topical issues of the contract system in the field of procurement of goods, works, services for state and municipal needs, regulating the differentiation of all methods of determining the supplier (contractor, contractor) into competitive and non-competitive.
As a result of the analysis of procurement mechanisms from a single supplier (contractor), the author comes to a reasonable conclusion about the need for legislative clarification of some procurement procedures currently placed in Article 93 of the Law on the Contract System in the Field of Procurement.
Such an approach will also contribute to fair administrative punishment when violations are detected in the procurement of goods, works, services from a single supplier (contractor).
Keywords: procurement, contract system, competition, methods of determining suppliers, purchasing from a single supplier, electronic store.
 
CIVIL LAW
Kamaeva A. V., Kondratenko Z. K.
Purchasing from a single supplier bypassing the law
The article deals with the issue of non-compliance with the legislation of contracts concluded by state customers for small amounts, which in fact form a single transaction artificially fragmented
and executed by several independent contracts for formal compliance with the restrictions provided for by the legislation on the contract system. Based on the analysis of judicial practice and current legislation, the author concludes that such transactions are in circumvention of the law and the possibility of qualification of such contracts as anti-competitive agreement.
Keywords: the contract system, purchasing, the state and municipal needs, contract, fragmentation of procurement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kamaeva A. V. Droblenie zakupok v obhod zakona // Aktual'nye problemy juridicheskih nauk: materialy nauchnoj konferencii po itogam NIR professorsko-prepodavatel'skogo sostava, nauchnyh sotrudnikov i aspirantov za 2017 god / Mar. gos. un-t.– Joshkar-Ola, 2018. – S. 54-57.
2. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki po voprosam, svjazannym s primeneniem Federal'nogo zakona ot 18.07.2011 # 223-FZ «O zakupkah tovarov, rabot, uslug otdel'nymi vidami juridicheskih lic», utverzhdennogo Prezidiumom Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii 16.05.2018.
3. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki primenenija zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii o kontraktnoj sisteme v sfere zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlja obespechenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd, utverzhdennogo Prezidiumom Verhovnogo Suda RF 28.06.2017.
 
FAMILY LAW
Levashova A. V., Lobzov G. P., Petrova K. O.
Termination and amendment of the marriage agreement
In this article, the authors consider aspects of the procedure for terminating and changing a marriage contract. With the development of market relations in the Russian Federation, each spouse can own certain property, which he wants to dispose of at his own discretion, regardless of the will of the other spouse, and to regulate this issue, a legal mechanism is needed, which is reflected in the marriage contract. Particular attention in this article is paid to the legal nature of the marriage contract. The procedures for termination and amendment of the marriage contract are considered, the concepts of “significant violation of the marriage contract” and “substantial changes in the marriage contract” are disclosed.
Keywords: prenuptial agreement, joint ownership, spouses, marriage, property.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ (prinjat GD FS RF 21.10.1994) red. ot 13.05.2008 # 68-FZ.
2. Semejnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29 dekabrja 1995 g. # 223 – FZ (v red. ot 30.06.2008 #106 – FZ).
3. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 05.11.1998 # 15 «O primenenii sudami zakonodatel'stva pri rassmotrenii del o rastorzhenii braka»(v red. Postanovlenija Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 06.02.2007 # 6).
4. Gongalo B. M., Krasheninnikov P. V. Brachnyj dogovor. Kommentarij semejnogo i grazhdanskogo zakonodatel'stva. – M., 2002.
5. Ignatenko A. A., Skrypnikov N. N. Brachnyj dogovor. Zakonnyj rezhim imushhestva suprugov. Kommentarii k Semejnomu kodeksu. – M.: Informacionno-izdatel'skij dom «Filin"», 1997.
6. Karaseva S. Ju. Obzor praktiki rassmotrenija sudami del, svjazannyh s brachnym dogovorom (2016 – 2017gg.) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus. – 2017.
7. Kommentarij k Semejnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (N. S. Getman. B. M. Gongalo, V. I. Ivanov i dr.) / Pod obshh. red. P. V. Krasheninnikova, P. I Sedugina. – M., 2001.
8. Sosipatrova N. E. Brachnyj dogovor: pravovaja priroda, soderzhanie, prekrashhenie // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1999. – # 3.
 
FAMILY LAW
Prisyazhnyuk Yu. P.
Protection of children in modern domestic law:problems and prospects
The article offers a brief overview of trends in the development of legislation in the field of protection of minors. The problems of legal regulation of this area are considered through the prism of the “National Strategy of Action in the Interests of Children” and the concepts, aimed at the family strengthening and the safety of minors, adopted in recent years.
Keywords: protection of the rights of minors, national strategy of action in the interests of children, health protection, information security of children.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zdravoohranenie v Rossii. 2019 (Pod redakciej Shapoval I. N.) Stat. sb. / Rosstat. – M., 2019. – 170 s.
2. Zasedanie Mezhvedomstvennoj rabochej gruppy po soglasovaniju predlozhenij o popravkah v Semejnyj kodeks RF. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://council.gov.ru/events/main_themes/129877/ (data obrashhenija: 24.11.2021).
3. Kruglyj stol «O Koncepcii informacionnoj bezopasnosti detej. Prioritetnye zadachi gospolitiki». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.oprf.ru/live_stream/453 (data obrashhenija: 24.11.2021).
4. O realizacii regional'nyh programm razvitija detskogo zdravoohranenija. Materialy zasedanija Soveta po regional'nomu zdravoohraneniju pri Sovete Federacii Federal'nogo Sobranija Rossijskoj Federacii (Sovet Federacii, 28 aprelja 2020 goda) // Analiticheskij vestnik. – # 8 (751). – Izdanie Soveta Federacii. Pod obshhej redakciej vrio nachal'nika Analiticheskogo upravlenija Apparata Soveta Federacii I. V. Barbashina Jelektronnaja versija. – 55 s. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.council.gov.ru.
 
HOUSING LAW
Hasanov A. H.
Procedural features of execution of decisions on cases arising from housing legal relations
The article is devoted to the issue of the procedural specifics of the execution of decisions, disputes arising from housing legal relations. The problems of settlement are widespread in judicial practice. The author analyzes the problems of specific court decisions on the settlement and its execution. The author proposed ways to solve gaps in the legislation on housing relations for the formation of homogeneous judicial practice.
Keywords: housing disputes, residential real estate, co-owner, debtor, recoverer, enforcement proceedings.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zhilishhnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29.12.2004 g. # 188-FZ (red. ot 28.06.2021) (s izm. I dop., vstup. v silu s 28.06.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Grazhdanskij processual'nyj kodeks RF ot 14 nojabrja2002 g. # 138-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) (s izm. I dop., vstup. v silu s 12.07.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 2 oktjabrja 2007 g. # 229-FZ «Ob ispolnitel'nom proizvodstve» (red. Ot 02.07.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.01.2022).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 26.05.2014 po delu # 33-16962. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
5. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Sverdlovskogo oblastnogo suda ot 21.03.2014 po delu # 33-4003/2014[Jelektronnyj resurs] // Dostup iz sprav. — pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
6. Opredelenie Primorskogo kraevogo suda ot 30.10.2014 po delu # 33-9680. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
7. Volodarskij D. B. K voprosu o mehanizme zashhity dolzhnika ot neosnovatel'nogo dejstvija sudebnogo akta // Vestnik VAS RF. - 2015. - # 6. - S. 94-117
8. Sudebnaja statistika. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://stat.api-press.rf/stats/gr/t/22/s/26. (data obrashhenija: 09.12.2021).
9. Firsov O. V. Osobennosti pravovogo regulirovanija ogranichenija konstitucionnogo prava cheloveka na neprikosnovennost' zhilishha v ispolnitel'nom proizvodstve // Ispolnitel'noe pravo. - 2019. - #1. - S. 42-45.
 
LABOR LAW
Zabramnaya E. Yu.
Legal means of ensuring the lawful behavior of participants in an employment relationship
The article examines the main organizational and legal means of ensuring lawful behavior in the world of work, which, according to the author, include permission and positive incentives. Particular attention is paid to modern trends in material, non-material and statutory incentives for employees.
Among the modern forms of financial incentives , the practice of grading and the conclusion of effective contracts are highlighted.
In addition, new directions in non-material and statutory incentives have been identified, such as, in particular, stimulating employees with free time, directing them to advanced training, differentiating the terms of concluding employment contracts depending on personal rating.
Keywords: lawful behavior of employees, permission, incentives, encouragement, labor activity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Drakina M.N. K voprosu o sootnoshenii ponjatij «pooshhrenie» i «stimulirovanie» v juridicheskoj nauke // Juridicheskoe obrazovanie i nauka. 2008. # 1.
2. Zhukov A.L. Grejdirovanie kak jeffektivnyj instrument differenciacii bazovyh okladov // Normirovanie i oplata truda v promyshlennosti. 2004. # 10.
3. Zalozhnev D.A., Novikov D.A. Modeli sistemy oplaty truda. M.: PMSOFT, 2009.
4. Zvecharovskij I.Je. Stimulirovanie v prave: ponjatie i strukturnye jelementy // Pravovedenie. Izv. Vuzov. 1998. # 3.
5. Kabanov A.Ja., Batkaeva I.A., Mitrofanova E.A., Lovcheva M.V. Motivacija i stimulirovani e trudovoj dejatel'nosti: uchebnik / Pod red. A.Ja. Kabanova. M., 2009.
6. Krasnov A.V. K voprosu o pravovyh stimulah v dejstvujushhem zakonodatel'stve // Aktual'nye problemy jekonomiki i prava. 2007. # 1.
7. Kurilov V.I. Social'no-pravovye sredstva formirovanija povedenija rabotnikov v sfere nesamostojatel'nogo truda //Pravovedenie. 1998. # 2.
8. Kurilov V.I. Lichnost'. Trud. Pravo. M.: Jurid. lit., 1989.
9. Lebedev V.M. Vospitatel'naja funkcija sovetskogo trudovogo prava. M.: Jurid. lit., 1981. Mal'ko A.V. Stimuly i ogranichenija v prave. M.: Jurist", 2005.
10. Miroshnik S.V. Zakon i motivacija truda M.: IKC «MirT», Rostov-n-D, 2003.
11. Nigmetzjanov A.A. Ponjatie i pravovoe znachenie gosudarstvennyh nagrad // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. 2009. # 2.
12. Nefagina K.A. Ponjatie i sushhnost' stimulirovanija v trudovom prave // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija «Pravo». 2008. # 2 (15).
13. Obshhaja teorija gosudarstva i prava. Akademicheskij kurs v 2-h tomah. Pod red. prof. M.N. Marchenko. T.2. Teorii prava. M.: Izdatel'stvo «Zercalo», 1998.
14. Skachkova G.S. Rol' prava v regulirovanii otnoshenij po moral'nomu stimulirovaniju truda // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. 1998. # 1.
15. Uhova L.D. Pravovoe regulirovanie pooshhrenija dobrosovestnogo truda po rossijskomu trudovomu zakonodatel'stvu: avtoref. dis. … k.ju.n. Ekaterinburg, 2006.
16. Hnykin G.V. Pravovye stimuly trudovoj aktivnosti proizvodstvennyh brigad: avtoref. dis. …k.ju.n. M., 1984.
17. Shtel' T.L., Emel'janenko E.E. Ispol'zovanie sistemy grejdirovanija kak osnova razvitija innovacionnoj jekonomiki // Vestnik nauki Sibiri. 2015. #4 (19).

FINANCIAL LAW
Menkov V. V.
Trends in the development of financial and legal incentives for commercial organizations in the field of digital technologies
The article presents the results of the analysis of modern tax and budget legislation conducted in order to detect and study the current trends in financial and legal incentives for commercial organizations in the field of digital technology implementation. It is concluded that it is necessary to expand the tools of financial and legal incentives for commercial organizations implementing digital technologies through tax incentives.
Keywords: financial and legal incentive, incentives, benefits, digital technologies, commercial organizations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belikov E.G. Vlijanie ispol'zovanija cifrovyh tehnologij uchastnikami nalogovyh otnoshenij na soderzhanie ih pravosub"ektnosti // Cifrovaja jekonomika kak vektor transformacii pravosub"ektnosti uchastnikov nalogovyh otnoshenij v Rossii i za rubezhom: sbornik nauchnyh trudov. Saratov: Izd-vo FGBOU VO «Saratovskaja gosudarstvennaja juridicheskaja akademija», 2019.
2. Belikov E.G. Problemy finansovo-pravovogo obespechenija razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii kak social'nogo gosudarstva: avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid.nauk. Saratov, 2016.
3. Belikov E.G. Tendencii social'no i innovacionno napravlennogo razvitija nalogovogo zakonodatel'stva v uslovijah cifrovoj jekonomiki // Nalogi. 2019. # 4.
4. Belikov E.G. Finansovo-pravovye stimuly social'noj napravlennosti v oblasti bankovskogo kreditovanija // Bankovskoe pravo. 2016. # 2.
5. Efremova E.S. Ob institute ubezhdenija v nalogovom prave // Nalogi. 2018. # 3.
6. Lajchenkova N.N. Stimuly v nalogovom prave. Monografija. Saratov: SGSJeU, 2009.
7. Miroshnik S.V. Finansovo-pravovye stimuly i ogranichenija // Nauka i obrazovanie: hozjajstvo i jekonomika; predprinimatel'stvo; pravo i upravlenie. 2010. # 3 (3).
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Chernov Yu. I., Goloborodko A. V., Pavlov O. S.
Features of taxation of IT companies at the present stage
The work is aimed at considering the specifics of taxation of IT industry companies and studying the main changes that have been adopted by the legislator on this issue. The authors analyzed the changes made to the Tax Code as a result of the tax maneuver of the IT sphere, as well as the explanatory letter of the Ministry of Finance on the application of tax innovations. The measures taken are designed to help the development of business in the field of information technology by providing significant benefits to companies engaged in the production of information products. But the authors also raised the issue of shortcomings in the amended legislation related to the lack of clarity in the legislation of the concept of providing the possibility of advertising placement, which seriously limits the range of potential recipients of preferential taxation conditions, thereby slowing down the pace of development of IT business in Russia.
Keywords: tax law, VAT, insurance premiums, information technology, benefits, advertising placement, Ministry of Finance.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gorjacheva Ju. P. Osobennosti nalogooblozhenija IT-kompanij i problemy vybora sistemy nalogooblozhenija / ACADEMY. - 2017. - # 2 - S. 61-64.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Aglieva Yu. R.
Development of mutual funds in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: financial and legal aspect
This article analyzes investment activity during a pandemic, examines the current legislation in the field of regulating the activities of mutual investment funds. Possible ways of developing the investment potential of mutual investment funds are identified.
Keywords: Mutual investment fund, collective investment, investment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 25.02.1999 # 39-FZ (red. Ot 08.12.2020) «Ob investicionnoj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii, osushhestvljaemoj v forme kapital'nyh vlozhenij» // «Rossijskaja gazeta». - #41-42. - 04.03.1999.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 29.11.2001 # 156-FZ (red. Ot 02.07.2021) «Ob investicionnyh fondah» (s izm. I dop., vstup. v silu s 01.10.2021) // «Rossijskaja gazeta». - # 237-238. - 04.12.2001.
3. Postanovlenie FKCB RF ot 03.07.2002 # 22/ps «O priostanovlenii vydachi, pogashenija i obmena investicionnyh paev paevyh investicionnyh fondov» (Zaregistrirovano v Minjuste RF 14.08.2002 #3688) // «Rossijskaja gazeta». - # 156. - 21.08.2002.
4. Postanovlenie FKCB RF ot 11.09.2002 # 37/ps «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o porjadke peredachi upravljajushhej kompaniej svoih prav i objazannostej po dogovoru doveritel'nogo upravlenija paevym investicionnym fondom drugoj upravljajushhej kompanii» (Zaregistrirovano v Minjuste RF 19.11.2002 # 3933) // «Rossijskaja gazeta». - # 224.- 26.11.2002.
5. Prikaz FSFR RF ot 15.04.2008 # 08-18/pz-n «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o porjadke ucheta imushhestva, peredannogo v oplatu investicionnyh paev paevogo investicionnogo fonda» (Zaregistrirovano v Minjuste RF 26.05.2008 # 11753) // «Bjulleten' normativnyh aktov federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti». - # 23. - 09.06.2008.
6. Prikaz FSFR RF ot 02.11.2006 # 06-125/pz-n «O minimal'noj stoimosti imushhestva, sostavljajushhego paevoj investicionnyj fond, po dostizhenii kotoroj paevoj investicionnyj fond javljaetsja sformirovannym» (Zaregistrirovano v Minjuste RF 15.12.2006 # 8603) // «Rossijskaja gazeta». - # 287.- 21.12.2006.
7. Doneckova O. Ju., Petrushova V. V. Tekushhee sostojanie investicionnoj dejatel'nosti bankov v Rossii.// Mir novoj jekonomiki. - 2020. - # 14 (3). - S. 54-63.https://doi.org/10.26794/2220-6469-2020-14-3-54-63.
8. Poisk PIF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://investfunds.ru/funds/?showID=82&type=0-14&sortId=82&limit=10&page=5.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Asadov B. M.
The legal framework for countering anticompetitive agreements
Competition in the marketplace can be constrained in a variety of ways, but the most dangerous to good competitors are anticompetitive agreements, which cause enormous harm to business entities. The problem of anticompetitive agreements today is relevant, because agreements between competitors, such as fixed prices, price recommendations, joint purchases or sales, establishment of technical or design standards and agreement on exchange of business information, do not allow organizations to develop effectively, which reduces the effectiveness of their activities, and in general and leads to the decline of the national economy. In this article the legal basis of counteraction to anticompetitive agreements is considered.
Keywords: anticompetitive agreements, legal framework, counteraction, problems, cartel.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antimonopol'noe regulirovanie v Rossii – 2021. Tendencii, o kotoryh stoit znat' inostrannym kompanijam. - M., 2021. - 4 s.
2. Neujmin Ju.V. Soglashenija i soglasovannye dejstvija sub"ektov predprinimatel'stva, zapreshhennye antimonopol'nym zakonodatel'stvom //Juzhno-Ural'skij juridicheskij vestnik. - 2020.- # 12/13 (5/6). - S. 76-82.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Gileva N. S., Ponomarev O. V.
Financial control in the context of digitalization of society
The article analyzes the significance of the importance of control of the financial sector in the context of digitalization. The main problems typical for its implementation are described. Among other things, the main actively implemented digital solutions and the risks that are characteristic of them in the financial context for society are described. From a practical point of view, the assessment of judicial practice on the issue under consideration was carried out.
Keywords: digitalization, financial control, risks, information technology.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18 dekabrja 2006 g. # 230-FZ (chast' chetvertaja) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 25 dekabrja 2006 g. # 52 (chast' I) s. 5496 (izm. Ot 01.07.2021).
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 10 ijulja 2002 g. # 86-FZ «O Central'nom banke Rossijskoj Federacii (Banke Rossii)» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15 ijulja 2002 g. # 28 s. 2790 (izm. Ot 02.07.2021).
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 31 ijulja 2020 g. # 259-FZ «O cifrovyh finansovyh aktivah, cifrovoj valjute i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 3 avgusta 2020 g. # 31 s. 5018 (chast' I).
4. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Moskovskogo oblastnogo suda ot 28.09.2015 po delu # 33-23296/2015.
5. Reshenie Egor'evskogo gorodskogo suda Moskovskoj oblasti ot 01.07.2015 po delu # 2-1125/2015 (M-666/2015).
6. Demidov M. V. Razvitie pravovyh osnov funkcionirovanija gosudarstvennogo finansovogo kontrolja v RF // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta kooperacii. 2019. – # 4 (30). – S. 98-100.
7. Ilinich E. V. Problemy razvitija gosudarstvennogo finansovogo kontrolja // Prikladnye jekonomicheskie issledovanija. 2019. – # 5 (21). – S. 26-31.
8. Lavrenko S. V. Finansovyj kontrol' v sisteme obespechenija nacional'noj bezopasnosti: institucional'nyj aspekt / S. V. Lavrenko, A. V. Romanova //Finansy i kredit. – 2020. – # 26 (410). – S. 58-62.
9. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]– Rezhim dostupa: https://mkaarbat.ru/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/obzor-praktiki-czifrovye-aktivy.pdf(data poseshhenija: 01.12.2021).
10. Pavlova Ja. V. Puti sovershenstvovanija finansovogo kontrolja v Rossii // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2019.– # 21. – [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa:https://moluch.ru/archive/125/34896/ (data poseshhenija: 30.11.2021).
11. Caregorodceva G. Ju. Finansovyj kontrol': Uchebnoe posobie. – Vologodskij gosudarstvennyj universitet – 2019. – S. 4-10.
12. Shepelev D. R. Gosudarstvennyj finansovyj kontrol' v Rossii: problemy i perspektivy // Jekonomicheskaja nauka i praktika: materialy V Mezhdunar. nauch. konf. (g. Chita, aprel' 2017 g.). – Chita:Izdatel'stvo Molodoj uchenyj, 2017. – S. 53-57
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Levashova A. V., Lobzov G. P., Petrova K. O.
Investment activity in the development of information technologies in Russia
The article discusses conceptual views on information technology as a means of ensuring the competitiveness of modern organizations. In modern conditions of dynamic and continuous development, when the needs and desires of customers change very quickly, only companies that are able to actively create, implement and use innovations and are able to adapt to conditions by adjusting their business processes can remain competitive, keeping productivity on the necessary level. Therefore, the article assesses the investment attractiveness of the information technology sector, considers the products of the market in this area, analyzes the problem of increasing investment attractiveness and investment in information technology, proposes approaches to solving this problem and provides recommendations for improving it.
Keywords: internet technologies, information projects, investment, investment attractiveness, investors.
Work bibliographic list
1. Baronov V. V, Popov Ju. I., Titovskij I. N., Jakovenko O. V. Strategija vnedrenija IT na rossijskih predprijatijah. – M.: Kompanija AjTi, 2009. – 328 s.
2. Karr N. Blesk i nishheta informacionnyh tehnologij. – M.: Sekret firmy, 2005. – 190 s.
3. Chernjak L. Paradoks produktivnosti IT: real'nost' ili plod voobrazhenija? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.itweek.ru/themes/detail.php?ID=44958 (data obrashhenija: 25.05.2020).
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Asadov A. M.
Analysis of budgetary discipline offenses and ways to improve it
Improving the performance of state bodies to ensure the receipt of taxes and fees in the budget system of the Russian Federation at the present stage of transformation of the economic mechanism is one of the pressing problems. Today, the relevance of the task of forming effective mechanisms of budget discipline, to ensure the economic security of the state has increased. This article is devoted to the study of offences of budgetary discipline and ways to improve it.
Keywords: budgetary discipline, budget, administrators of budgetary funds, budgetary process, state financial control, financial violations, financial and budgetary discipline.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rasskazov A.A. Risk-orientirovannyj podhod kak metod profilaktiki i povyshenija bjudzhetnoj discipliny i nejtralizacii ugroz jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti // Social'no-jekonomicheskie i pravovye mery bor'by s prestuplenijami i inymi pravonarushenijami. Sbornik nauchnyh statej po itogam vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Rjazan', 2021.S. 374-378
2. Kondaurova N.E. Obespechenie bjudzhetnoj discipliny sredstvami vneshnego finansovogo kontrolja. Avtoref. dis. … uchen. step. kand. jekonom. nauk.– Orel, 2007. - 24 s.
3. Popova N.K. Rol' stoimosti rabochej sily v jekonomicheskoj sisteme: metodologicheskij aspekt // Diskussija. - 2019. - # 1 (92). - S. 56-64.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Tsepova E. A.
Innovations in Russian currency exchange legislation:financial institutions and residents’ financial assets, allocated outside the Russian Federation
The main objective of the study is to examine such concepts as “organization of the financial market” and “financial asset”, recently introduced into the Federal Law of 10.12.2003 № 173-FZ “On currency regulation and currency control”. The article analyzes the reasons for their occurrence, and also the content of these concepts at the domestic and international levels and various branches of law.
The author concludes that participation in the “Multilateral Agreement of Competent Authorities on the Automatic Exchange of Financial Information” dated October 29, 2014 has a significant impact on the development of Russian financial legislation. At the same time, in Russia, these concepts have a number of features, therefore, further improvement of the concepts of financial law is of great importance. The article also discusses practical problems that have been resolved thanks to the latest changes in currency exchange legislation, in particular, the uncertainty in the issue of reporting by Russian residents on other financial assets, as well as those problems that, in the author’s opinion, need additional study.
Keywords: financial institution, financial asset; automatic exchange of financial account information; CRS; resident, exchange arrangements; exchange transactions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Adamenko A. A., Horol'skaja T. E., Gorshkov V. S. Finansovye aktivy: ponjatie i ocenka // Vestnik Akademii znanij. 2019. - # 5 (34). - S. 272-277.
2. Vashkovich N. Ju. Principy valjutnogo regulirovanija i valjutnogo kontrolja v Rossii //
Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2008. - # 2. - S. 165.
3. Kalinchenko E. O. Valjutnoe zakonodatel'stvo: kakie novshestva ozhidajut rezidentov v 2021 godu // Glavnaja kniga. - 2021. - # 2. - S. 65-67.
4. Kalinchenko Ju. P. Valjutnye operacii kak pravovaja kategorija // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2014. - # 11. - S. 92-95.
5. Selivanovskiĭ A. S. Problemy sovershenstvovanija ponjatiĭnogo apparata valjutnogo zakonodatel'stva:Diss. na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata jekonomicheskih nauk. - M., 2002. — S. 4.
6. Sinel'nikov-Murylev S. G., Trunin P. V., Levashenko A. D. Aktual'nye problemy valjutnogo regulirovanija operaciĭ fizicheskih lic v Rossii// Rossiĭskiĭ vneshnejekonomicheskiĭ vestnik. -2015. - # 12. - S. 3-13.
7. Sokolova N. M. Jekonomicheskaja sushhnost' kategorii «finansovye aktivy // Herald of Polotsk State University. Series D, Economics And Law Sciences. - 2020. - # 6. - S. 89-92.
8. Frolova E. E., Cepova E. A. 30 let valjutnoj liberalizacii v Rossii: perspektivy otmeny ogranichenij na dvizhenie kapitala fizicheskih lic // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 2020. - # 4. - S. 108-124.
9. Cepova E. A. Fizicheskoe lico - rezident v nalogovom i valjutnom zakonodatel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii // Nalogi-zhurnal. - 2019. - # 2. - S. 29-33.
 
TAX LAW
Aidanova A. R., Alieva E. B.
Implementation of fiscal policy in the context of the COVID-19 crisis in Russia
The article deals with the problems of implementing fiscal policy in modern conditions. The factors of the influence of the epidemiological situation on the country’s economy have been investigated. The reaction of the state to the influence of this external factor is considered. In accordance with this phenomenon, a list of measures taken is established, as well as their direct implementation of the listed measures in practice. An assessment is made of the measures taken, as well as the general policy implemented by the state at the time of the spread of COVID-19. In accordance with the obtained arguments, various points of view of scientists are considered regarding the impact of coronavirus on the implementation of fiscal policy in a crisis.
Keywords: fiscal policy, COVID-19, anti-crisis stimulus.
Work bibliographic list
1. Burmistrova L. A. Finansovo-kreditnye sostavljajushhie regulirovanija jekonomiki. Metody // Vestnik universiteta. - 2012. - # 3. - S. 73-78.
2. Godovoj otchet Banka Rossii 2020.
3. Demin A. V. Nalogovaja politika v uslovijah pandemii COVID-19 reakcii reguljatorov // Nalogoved. -2021. - # 2. - S. 83-88.
4. Zajcev Ju. K. Mery denezhno-kreditnoj i fiskal'noj politiki v period jekonomicheskogo krizisa COVID-19 v Rossii. Rossijskaja akademija narodnogo hozjajstva i gosudarstvennoj sluzhby. - M., 2020. - S.1-18.
5. Ibrahim M. A. Kljuchevye problemy fiskal'noj politiki gosudarstva v uslovijah padenija urovnja jekonomiki RF // Vestnik universiteta. - 2018. - #1. - S. 127-131.
 
TAX LAW
Pustovalov E.V.
Taxpayer’s rights in the implementation of international exchange of tax information: approaches of Russia, India and South Africa
The article discusses the approaches of Russia, India and South Africa to the protection of taxpayers’ rights in the international exchange of information, which is carried out by tax authorities in accordance with international agreements. The author analyzes the key rights of taxpayers enshrined in national legislation and identified by judicial practice, as well as measures to guarantee them. The similarity of the considered jurisdictions from the point of view of ensuring the most significant rights is revealed, the need to study proven experience is noted.
Keywords: BRICS, international cooperation of tax authorities, tax secrecy, information exchange, OECD, taxpayers’ rights, right to confidentiality, right to privacy, right to appeal
Work bibliographic list
1. Vol'vach D.V., Kadet A.V. Kto vladeet informaciej, vladeet i nalogovoj bazoj // Nalogoved. 2016. # 6.
2. Baker P., Pistone P. BEPS Action 16: The Taxpayers’ Right to an Effective Legal Remedy Under European Law in Cross-Border Situations, EC Tax Review, 5/6. 2016.
3. Cockfield A.J. Protecting Taxpayer Privacy under Enhanced Cross-border Tax Information Exchange: Towards a Multilateral Taxpayer Bill of Rights, 42 Univ. British Columbia L. Rev. 2010.
4. Klaus Vogel on Double Taxation Conventions (4th edition) / Reimer E. & Rust A. (Eds.), Kluwer Law International. 2014.
5. Oberson X. International Exchange of Information on Tax Matters: Towards Global Transparency, Edward Elgar Publishing. 2015.
 
TAX LAW
Shakhnazarov U. M., Alieva E. B.
The problem of the concept of tax offenses
The article discusses such concepts as tax offenses and violations and the problems of their implementation. The article also discusses the relationship between tax and administrative responsibility in the field of tax legislation.
Keywords: tax offense, tax code, tax liability, administrative liability.
Work bibliographic list
1. Voronov A. M., Gogolev A. M. Voprosy privlechenie k otvetstvennosti za sovershenie nalogovyh pravonarushenij v mehanizme nalogovogo administrirovanija // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2016. # 7. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninkaru/article/n/voprosy-privlechenie-k-otvetstvennosti-zasovershenie-
nalogovyh-pravonarusheniy-v-mehanizmenalogovogo-administrirovaniya (data obrashhenija: 28.11.21).
2. Kalantarova Je.I. Problemy administrativnogo processa v sfere nalogovogo zakonodatel'stva //Vestnik Universiteta imeni O.E. Kutafina. 2015. # 8. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemy-administrativnogoprotsessa-v-sfere-nalogovogo-zakonodatelstva (data obrashhenija: 29.11.21).
 
TAX LAW
Arutyunyan P. E., Ochakovskiy V. A., Zimireva A. G.
The principle of fairness in tax law and its implementation
In the modern developing world, the issue of the category of justice in the legal aspect is acute, in particular, its implementation.
Citizens should not just pay legally established taxes and fees, they should have equal conditions provided by the state in the performance of this duty. The article is devoted to the problem of determining justice in the field of tax law, as well as legislative and practical implementation of the principle of justice in a democratic state. The paper analyzes this legal institution, identifies sources, as well as features of its consolidation. Certain aspects of the expression of the principle of justice in constitutional norms, as well as its normative consolidation in the tax legislation of the Russian Federation, are determined. The question of the importance of the principle of fairness in tax law from the point of view of the moral and ethical aspect is also raised.
Keywords: the principle of justice, tax law, universality, equality, proportionality, democratic state.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 #7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 01.07.2020 # 11-FKZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2020. – 01 ijulja.
2. Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. Chast' pervaja ot 31 ijulja 1998 g. # 146-FZ // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 1998. – 6 avgusta.
3. Arhireeva A. S., Belousov Ju. A. Sootnoshenie grazhdanskogo i nalogovogo prava // Jepomen. – 2018. – #21. – S. 10-17.
4. Arhireeva A. S., Nikitina P. S. Kontrol'no-nadzornaja funkcija gosudarstvennoj vlasti i rol' finansovogo kontrolja v ee osushhestvlenii // V sbornike: Voprosy gosudarstva i prava. Sbornik nauchnyh statej. Krasnodar. – 2018. – S. 86-89.
5. Arhireeva A. S., Prihod'ko E. G. Pravovoj status Central'nogo banka Rossijskoj Federacii // Jepomen. – 2019. – # 25. – S. 22-29.
6. Bjekon F. Opyty, ili Nastavlenija nravstvennye i politicheskie // Soch. v 2 t. – 2-e izd. – M., 1977. – T. 2. – S. 361.
7. Kusakina N. V., Kurdjuk P. M., Ochakovskij V. A. Tendencii razvitija nalogovogo zakonodatel'stva v chasti predostavlenija nalogoplatel'shhikam nalogovyh l'got// Obshhestvo i pravo. – 2019. – # 1 (67). – S. 146-149.
8. Marchenko M. N. O sootnoshenii prava i zakona v pravovom gosudarstve // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 11. Pravo. – 2015. – # 6. – S. 27-30.
9. Mirza L. S. Iustitia (Pravosudie i spravedlivost' v ugolovnom processe) // Lex russica (russkij zakon). –2008. – # 1. – S. 54-71.
10. Morozova L. A. Javljajutsja li principy prava istochnikom prava? // Materialy XI mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. V 2-h chastjah. Redakcionnyj sovet: Syryh V. M.; Vlasenko V. N. –2017. – S. 82-90.
11. Ochakovskij V. A. K voprosu o zloupotreblenii pravom v sfere nalogov i sborov // Administrativnoe i finansovoe pravo v uslovijah novoj jekonomicheskoj real'nosti: opyt i perspektivy. Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Sbornik statej. Otvetstvennyj redaktor E. A. Bochkareva. – 2017. – S. 180-183.
12. Rad'ko T. N. Metodologija issledovanija funkcij prava. Filosofskij (vseobshhij) metod poznanija funkcij prava // Nauchnye issledovanija i obrazovanija. – 2015. – # 2 (20). – S. 4-19.
13. Cybulevskaja O. I., Milusheva T. V. Spravedlivost' v prave: aksiologicheskij podhod // Vestnik Povolzhskogo instituta upravlenija. –2017. – # 5. – S. 55.
14. Jekimov A. I. Pravo v kontekste spravedlivosti: k metodologii issledovanija // Pravovedenie. – 2013.– # 2 (307). – S. 59.
 
TAX LAW
Tanaga A. G., Konovalova E. A., Chernov Yu. I.
Integrity of a taxpayer: practice, problems, prospects
In the article, the author analyzes the current practice of applying the category of “conscientiousness of the taxpayer”. It is noted that despite the fact that this category appeared in tax law a long time ago, today there are many conflict and problematic aspects that require a modern solution. The conscientiousness of the taxpayer is one of the elements of the modern legal system, which requires legislative consolidation and comprehensive characteristics, due to its importance and significance for the modern stage of social development.
Keywords: taxes, taxpayer, good faith, tax law, principles.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (NK RF)// Rossijskaja gazeta ot 6 avgusta 1998 g. – # 148-149.
2. Afanas'eva T. I. Rol' konstitucionnogo suda RF v formirovanii koncepcii dobrosovestnosti nalogoplatel'shhika // Prolog: zhurnal o prave. – 2021. –# 2 (30). – S. 69-77.
3. «Vystupaem za usilenie ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti dlja fizicheskih lic». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://iz.ru/1111639/ (data obrashhenija:24.10.2021).
4. Napso M. B. Dobrosovestnost' nalogoplatel'shhika: k voprosu ob aktual'nosti problematiki // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2021. – # 1. – S. 51-55.
5. Top-5 samyh interesnyh nalogovyh sporov za god.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://pravo.ru/review/view/147063/ (data obrashhenija:24.10.2021).
6. Saaja A. A. Dobrosovestnost' nalogoplatel'shhika //Studencheskij vestnik. – 2021. – # 12-2 (157). – S. 57-60.
 
ECOLOGICAL LAW
Karev D. A.
Environmental law as a means of ensuring public Interests
Environmental law is one of the means of ensuring public interests. Nature and its resources are a necessary condition for maintaining the vital activity of an individual and society as a whole, as well as meeting their needs.
The analysis carried out in the article showed that environmental law is directly related to the public interests of society. Environmental law contains not only environmental regulations, but also natural resources. This circumstance indicates the importance of environmental protection and ensuring its rational use. In addition, it was found that the public interests of society find their manifestation not only in the environmental context, but also in the economic one.
The analysis of the normative legal acts of the Russian Federation allowed us to conclude that at the moment the state bodies are developing measures to improve the norms of environmental law in order to comply with the public interests of society. Meanwhile, it was concluded that a sufficiently large number of issues still require further consideration and legislative consolidation.
Keywords: environmental law, public interests, society, environment, protection, mechanism, regulation, legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.pravo.gov.ru, 04.07.2020.
2. Zemel'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 25.10.2001 # 136-FZ (red. ot 02.07.2021) (s izm. i dop.,vstup. v silu s 01.09.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 29.10.2001. - # 44. - St. 4147.
3. Lesnoj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 04.12.2006 # 200-FZ (red. ot 02.07.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. V silu s 01.09.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. -11.12.2006. - # 50. - St. 5278.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 10.01.2002 # 7-FZ (red. Ot 02.07.2021) «Ob ohrane okruzhajushhej sredy» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 14.01.2002. - # 2. - St. 133.
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.07.2014 # 219-FZ (red. Ot 26.07.2019) «O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon «Ob ohrane okruzhajushhej sredy» i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.01.2020) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 28.07.2014. - # 30 (Chast' I). - St. 4220.
6. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.12.2004 # 172-FZ (red. Ot 28.06.2021) «O perevode zemel' ili zemel'nyh uchastkov iz odnoj kategorii v druguju» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 27.12.2004. - # 52 (chast' 1). - St. 5276.
7. Federal'nyj zakon ot 24.04.1995 # 52-FZ (red. Ot 11.06.2021) «O zhivotnom mire» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.08.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF.- 24.04.1995. - # 17. - St. 1462.
8. Zakon RF ot 21.02.1992 # 2395-1 (red. ot 11.06.2021) «O nedrah» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. -06.03.1995. - # 10. - St. 823.
9. Agafonov V. B. Pravovoe obespechenie ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy i jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti v sfere nedropol'zovanija. – M.: Jurajt, 2019. – 417 s.
10. Brinchuk M. M. Jekologicheskoe pravo v pravovoj sisteme // Astrahanskij vestnik jekologicheskogo obrazovanija. – 2020. – # 1 (23). – S. 8.
11. Vasil'eva M. I. Konceptual'nye voprosy sovershenstvovanija jekologicheskoj politiki i zakonodatel'stva ob ohrane okruzhajushhej sredy» // Jekologicheskoe pravo. – 2017. – # 2. – S. 7-14.
12. Gizzatullin R. H. Jekologicheskaja funkcija gosudarstva: teorija i praktika realizacii. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2014. – 280 s.
13. Potapova A. A. Jekologicheskoe pravo. Konspekt lekcij. – M.: Prospekt, 2018. – 104 s.
 
ECOLOGICAL LAW
Oleynikova A. Ya., Romanova T. S.
Administrative responsibility in the field of environmental protection as an effective type of legal responsibility in the fight against environmental offences (on the example of Sovetsko-Gavansky municipal district)
In the present article the authors consider the institute of administrative responsibility in the field of environmental protection and its effectiveness in combating environmental offences. The effectiveness of this institute of legal responsibility in the field of environmental protection in combating environmental offences is proved based on the analysis of statistical data on the results of cases of administrative environmental offences in the first instance (using the example of the Soviet-Gavan town court for the period from 2018-2020) and their comparison with data on criminal responsibility for environmental offences.
Keywords: administrative responsibility, administrative fine, environmental protection, sanction, environmental offence, effectiveness, legal liability.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 g. # 195-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.10.2021)// Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2002. − # 1 (ch. 1).− St. 1; 2021. − # 27 (ch. 1). − St. 5114.
2. Ob ohrane okruzhajushhej sredy: feder. zakon ot 10.01.2002 # 7-FZ (red. ot 08.12.2020) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. − 2002. − # 2 (ch. 1). − St. 133; 2021.− # 27 (ch. 1). − St. 5170.
3. Osnovy gosudarstvennoj politiki v oblasti jekologicheskogo razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2030 goda (utv. Prezidentom RF ot 30 aprelja 2012 g.). − [Jelektronnyj resurs]. − Rezhim dostupa:https://base.garant.ru/70169264/ (data obrashhenija:24.11.2021).
4. Ob utverzhdenii strategii social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii s nizkim urovnem vybrosov parnikovyh gazov do 2050 goda: rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 29.10.2021 # 3052-r // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. − 2021. − # 45. − St. 7556.
5. Kommentarij k glave 8 Kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30 dekabrja 2001 goda # 195-FZ «Administrativnye pravonarushenija v sfere ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy i prirodopol'zovanija» (postatejnyj) / A. F. Nozdrachev [i dr.]; otv. red. A. F. Nozdrachev. − M.:Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii:INFRA-M, 2021. − 472 s. − [Jelektronnyj resurs]. − Rezhim dostupa: https://znanium.com/read?id=368257(data obrashhenija: 06.10.2021).
6. Evsikova E. V., Petrosjan G. A. Nekotorye aspekty privlechenija k administrativnoj otvetstvennosti za pravonarushenija v oblasti ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy i prirodopol'zovanija // Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V. I.Vernadskogo. Juridicheskie nauki. – 2019. – T. 5. – #2. – S. 259-269.
7. Korjakovcev Ju. N., Sobol' I. A. Sostojanie i perspektivy sovershenstvovanija administrativnoj otvetstvennosti za jekologicheskie pravonarushenija// Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2014. – # 2 (62). – S. 61-66.
8. Pahomova Ja. A. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost' za jekologicheskie pravonarushenija v oblasti ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. – 2021. – # 11. – S. 376-384.
9. Fatkulin S. T., Bezruchko A. Ju., Muljukova M. V. K voprosu ob administrativnoj otvetstvennosti juridicheskih lic za jekologicheskie pravonarushenija (na primere Cheljabinskoj oblasti) // Pravoporjadok: istorija, teorija, praktika. – 2020. – # 2 (25).
– S. 44-49.
10. Shubin Ju. P. Juridicheskaja otvetstvennost' za jekologicheskie pravonarushenija: uchebnoe posobie. − Saratov: Aj Pi Jer Media, 2018. − 133 c. − [Jelektronnyj resurs]. − Rezhim dostupa: https://www.iprbookshop.ru/71597.html (data obrashhenija: 06.10.2021).
 
ENTREPRENEURIAL LAW
Vinitskaya L.A.
Crowdfunding as a tool for debt financing of investment activities
This article examines the crowdfunding mechanisms provided for by laws and used in the business practice of debt financing for investment activities in the United States, the EU and Russia. The author describes the rules and legal models of interaction between investors and recipients of investments on online financing portals, highlights their advantages and disadvantages, and concludes on the advisability of implementing certain instruments in the Russian legal order.
Keywords: debt financing, crowdfunding, crowdlending.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bradford C.S. Crowdfunding and the Federal Securities Laws // Columbia Business Law Review. 2012. # 1. P. 1-150.
2. Camara A. Anonymous capital: managing shareholder volume for equity crowdfunded companies in Canada // Banking & Finance Law Review. 2016. Vol. 31. P. 259-289.
3. Corcoran D. An Examination of Consumer and SME Credit, with a Particular Focus on the Growth and Regulation Surrounding Crowdlending and Peer-to-Peer Lending Platforms. 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3965755.
4. Dushnitsky G., Guerini M., Piva E., Rossi-Lamastra C. Crowdfunding in Europe: determinants of platform creation across countries // California Management Review. 2016. # 58. Vol. 2. P. 44-71.
5. Hooghiemstra S.N. The European Crowdfunding Regulation: Opportunities for Alternative Investment Fund(s) (Managers)? 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3922604.
6. Miglo A. Crowdfunding: definitions, foundations and framework. 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3760345.
7. Pignon V. Regulation of Crowdlending: The Case of Switzerland // Journal of Applied Business and Economics. 2017. Vol. 19. Iss. 2. P. 44-49.
8. Belickaja A.V. Pravovoe obespechenie uchastija finansirujushhih lic v investicionnyh proektah //Jurist. – 2017. – # 7. – S. 29-33.
9. Gabov A.V., Havanova I.A. Kraudfanding: zakonodatel'noe oformlenie web-modeli finansirovanija v kontekste pravovoj doktriny i zarubezhnogo opyta // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki. – 2020. – # 1. – S. 28-44.
10. Papaskua G.T. Kraudfanding: ponjatie, vidy i riski// Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2021.– # 7. – S. 77-85.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Abdulmazhidov S. M., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
Special measures to counter illegal arms trafficking
The social tension that has developed in the last decade in our country, the difficult economic situation, crisis phenomena, the decline in the authority of persons performing managerial functions, leads to an increase in the public danger of certain types of crimes.
The state of crime in the sphere of arms trafficking is of concern in modern Russian society. The measures taken by the authorized bodies are not sufficient to ensure the complete suppression of illegal acts in the sphere of arms trafficking. It is necessary to develop a set of preventive measures to counteract this illegal phenomenon.
Keywords: turnover, weapons, prevention, counteraction, prevention, responsibility, punishment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arhipova A. D., Krivopalova D. S. Problemy protivodejstvija nezakonnomu oborotu oruzhija // Koncepcija «Obshhestva znanij» v sovremennoj nauke. Mezhdunarodnaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija. - 2012.- S. 125-127.
2. Ahmedhanova S. T. Prestuplenija, sovershaemye sotrudnikami pravoohranitel'nyh organov, svjazannye s porjadkom legal'nogo osushhestvlenija polnomochij v oblasti poluchenija dokazatel'stv // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 12 (139). - S. 278-280.
3. Kazanev A. A. Osobennosti kvalifikacii prestuplenij v sfere nezakonnogo oborota oruzhija // Permskij period. Sbornik materialov V Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-sportivnogo festivalja kursantov i studentov. -2018. - S. 36-38.
4. Nabieva S. R. Problemy ugolovno-pravovogo protivodejstvija nezakonnomu oborotu oruzhija// «Nauchnoe soobshhestvo studentov. Mezhdisciplinarnye issledovanija». - 2018. - S. 264-268.
5. Shhagabsoev Z. L., Kannunikova N. G. Pravovoe regulirovanie protivodejstvija nezakonnomu oborotu oruzhija v rossijskoj federacii: sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2019. - # 1. - S. 104-106.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Adilov Z. A., Kornilov G. A.
On the need to improve the criminal liability of medical workers
The article discusses some problems of legislative regulation of criminal liability of medical workers. The composition of Article 124 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation is critically analyzed in terms of the justification of the constructive features of the norms of this article in terms of their application to a special category of subjects - medical workers. The necessity of improving the current criminal legislation and the allocation of an independent composition providing for liability for harm in the provision of medical care, taking into account the specifics of the intent of a special subject – a medical worker, is substantiated.
Keywords: criminal law, right to health protection, right to medical care, crime, criminal liability, failure to provide assistance, medical care, medical workers.
Work bibliographic list
1. Geger' Je. V. Aktual'nye voprosy sovershenstvovanija upravlenija zdravoohraneniem // Fundamental'nye issledovanija. - 2017. - # 3.
2. Bobkova-Basova G. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' vrachej// Sovetskaja justicija. - 1939. - # 11.
3. Geger' Je. V. Aktual'nye voprosy sovershenstvovanija upravlenija zdravoohraneniem // Fundamental'nye issledovanija. - 2017. - # 3.
4. Diveeva A. A. Problemy upravlenija zdravoohraneniem: regional'nyj aspekt // Mnogourovnevoe obshhestvennoe vosproizvodstvo: voprosy teorii i praktiki. - 2017. - # 13 (29).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Bichenova A. R., Senokyan M. Kh.
Modern aspects of the mother’s killing of a newborn child –Article 106 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
The article is devoted to the institution of the murder of a newborn child by a mother and some problems of the qualification of this crime. The definitions of “newborn child” and “traumatic situation”, which are not officially fixed in the legislation, are considered.
According to the author, the absence of a single legislative definition of these terms causes difficulties in applying the norms of criminal law in practice and hinder the effective activity of the law enforcement officer, which in the future may lead to legal errors. The author also analyzed statistical data on crimes aimed at depriving life, and considered the need to amend Article 106 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: criminal responsibility, murder, qualification, newborn child.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bol'shaja Medicinskaja Jenciklopedija (BMJe), pod redakciej Petrovskogo B. V., 3-e izdanie. – M., 1989.– 632 s.
2. Krasikov A. N. Prestuplenija protiv prava cheloveka na zhizn'. – Saratov, 1999. – 219 s.
3. Latentnaja prestupnost': poznanie, politika, strategija // Sbornik materialov mezhdunarodnogo seminara. – M., 1993. – 340 s.
4. Miljukov S. F. Ugolovnoe zakonodatel'stvo: opyt kriticheskogo analiza. – SPb., 2000. – 276 s.
5. Nazarovskaja A. D. K voprosu o latentnosti ubijstva mater'ju novorozhdennogo rebenka (st. 106 UK RF) //Jurist" – Pravoved". – # 2. – 2007. – S. 100-103.
6. Razumov S. A. Kommentarij k UK RF // S. A. Razumov, G. N. Borzenkov, V. P. Verin // Otv. red. V. M. Lebedev. – M.: Jurajt-Izdat, 2004. – 862 s.
7. Samishhenko S. S. Sudebnaja medicina: uchebnik dlja juridicheskih vuzov. – M.: Pravo i zakon, 1996. – S. 314.
8. Solov'eva N. A. Lichnost' detoubijcy v strukture kriminalisticheskoj harakteristiki zhenskih nasil'stvennyh prestuplenij // Legal Concept. – # 1.– 2012. – S. 131-137.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Gileva N. S.
The age of consent in the Russian Federation
The article analyzes the role of the legal institution of the age of sexual consent in the Russian Federation. The author reveals the historical aspect of the formation of the age of consent. The paper provides a comparative analysis of sexual age in different countries.
At the end of the work, the author concludes that it is necessary to raise the age of sexual consent in the Russian Federation to the age of majority.
Keywords: sexual inviolability, sexual freedom, majority, age of sexual consent, sexual crimes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnoe pravo. Osobennaja chast': Uchebnik. Izdanie vtoroe ispravlennoe i dopolnennoe / Pod red. L. V. Inogamovoj-Hegaj, A. I. Raroga, A. I. Chuchaeva. – M.: Juridicheskaja firma «KONTRAKT»:INFRA-M, 2008. – 800 s.
2. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Osobennaja chast': Uchebnik/ Pod red. F. R. Sundurova, M. V. Talan. – M.: Statut, 2012. – 943 s.
3. Platonova E. Ot 16 i starshe. Kak ustanavlivajut vozrast soglasija i kak ego obhodjat prestupniki.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mediautopia.ru/story/vozrast-soglasiya/ (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2021).
4. Salmin M. V., Antonjan G. A. Vozrast polovogo soglasija v Rossii i porozhdaemye im problemy // Vestnik magistratury. – 2018. – # 5-4 (80). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/vozrast-polovogo-soglasiya-v-rossiii-porozhdaemye-im-problemy (data obrashhenija:15.12.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Gluschenko D. V.
The criminal-legal aspect of the activities of police officers before and after entering the service in the department of internal affairs of the Russian Federation, modern problems of the law enforcement system in the matter of qualitative selection, competitive selection, limited recruitment for the positions of employees of the internal affairs bodies of Russia
This scientific article of a criminal-legal nature reveals proposals and theses based on a fundamentally new view of new methods and approaches to the organization of the selection, selection and recruitment of police officers. Tests, testing stages using confounding factors and tactical towns are defined. The structure of the organization and construction of professional activity of personnel units is proposed. The issues of the organization of training of candidates are disclosed, recommendations on the organization of training of employees for service are given on the basis of proposals.
Keywords: criminal law, training, police, modern methods, confounding factors, emergencies and circumstances, professional selection, criminal-legal nature.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O policii» ot 7 fevralja 2011 goda # 3 FZ.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O social'nyh garantijah sotrudnikam organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii i vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 19 ijulja 2011 goda # 247 FZ.
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O sluzhbe v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii i vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 30 nojabrja 2011 goda # 342 FZ.
4. Glushhenko D. V. Prikladnaja fizicheskaja podgotovka sotrudnikov vnutrennih del Rossii dlja vypolnenija operativno-sluzhebnyh zadach v chrezvychajnyh obstojatel'stvah i situacijah. Kandidatskaja dissertacija. – Volgograd, 2014.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kashchaeva M. V., Marakulin D. A.
Typological features of the personality of self-serving criminals (based on the materials of the Altai Territory)
Taking into account the latest changes in the criminal legislation of Russia, introduced by Federal Law No. 281-FZ of 01.07.2021, the paper examines issues related to criminal liability for illegal trafficking in firearms, their main parts and ammunition. In order to increase the effectiveness of criminal legal counteraction to the crimes under consideration, the authors propose to supplement the analyzed compositions with separate qualified types.
Keywords: criminal liability, public safety, illegal arms trafficking, firearms, ammunition.
Work bibliographic list
1. O vnesenii izmenenij v Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah: federal'nyj zakon ot 28.06.2021 # 232-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 05.07.2021. - # 27 (chast' I). - St. 5060.
2. O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: federal'nyj zakon ot 01.07.2021 # 281-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 05.07.2021. - # 27 (chast' I). - St. 5109.
3. Murkshtis M. I. Ugolovno-pravovoe protivodejstvie nezakonnomu oborotu oruzhija. - Moskva: Statut, 2019. - 238 c.
4. Pojasnitel'naja zapiska k proektu federal'nogo zakona # 1157845-7 «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i stat'i 150 i 151 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v celjah usilenija otvetstvennosti za sovershenie prestuplenij, svjazannyh s nezakonnym oborotom oruzhija» (red., vnesennaja v GD FS RF, tekst po sostojaniju na 23.04.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sozd.duma.gov.ru/bill/1157845-7, svobodnyj. – Zagl. s jekrana.– Jaz.rus. (data obrashhenija: 22.10.2021).
5. Protivodejstvie nezakonnomu oborotu oruzhija: ugolovno-pravovoe i kriminologicheskoe issledovanie: avtoreferat dis. ... doktora juridicheskih
nauk: 12.00.08 / Murkshtis Marjus Jokubo; [Mesto zashhity: Ros. un-t druzhby narodov]. - Moskva, 2019.- 34 s.
6. Sostojanie prestupnosti / Oficial'nyj sajt Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.rf/folder/101762, svobodnyj. – Zagl. s jekrana.– Jaz.rus. (data obrashhenija: 20.10.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Klimovskiy A. S., Taranin M. A.
The features of the crime prevention in the criminal law policy of the State
The article reveals the features of the crime prevention in the criminal law policy of the state. The types of the crime prevention, their specific features, the structure of the crime prevention, and the various aspects of the state policy in the fight against the crime are highlighted. The attention is paid to the special criminological prevention of crimes, as well as its components, the essence of counteracting the crime.
Keywords: the crime prevention, the prevention, state policy, the criminal law, the criminality, the suppression of crimes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bosholov O.S. Osnovy ugolovnoj politiki: Konstitucionnyj, kriminologicheskij, ugolovno-pravovoj i informacionnyj aspekty. Izd. 2-e, pererab.- M.: AO «Centr JurInfoR»,2004. 303 s. 2004.
2. Kriminologija: Uchebnik dlja juridicheskih vuzov. Izd. 2-oe, pererabotannoe / Pod red. V. N. Burlakova, V. P. Sal'nikova, S. V. Stepashina. - SPb: SPbU MVD RF, 1999. - 608 s.
3. Kucher Ju.A. Pravovye formy opredelenija otvetstvennosti za prestupnuju dejatel'nost': Avtoref.dis. … k.ju.n. - M., 1996. - 23 s.
4. Panchenko P.N. Bor'ba s prestupnost'ju kak predmet ugolovnoj politiki // Ukreplenie zakonnosti i pravoporjadka. - M., 1982. - S. 26-28.
5. Pohmelkin A.V., Pohmelkin V.V. Novaja koncepcija ugolovnoj politiki // Aktual'nye voprosy bor'by s prestupnost'ju v Rossii i za rubezhom. Vyp. 1. - M.:RAN, INION, Glavnyj informacionnyj centr MVD RF, 1992. - S. 5
6. Raska Je.Je. Bor'ba s prestupnost'ju i social'noe upravlenie: Teoreticheskie i metodologicheskie aspekty. - Tallin: Jejesti raamat, 1985. - 216 s.
7. Rostov K.T. Prestupnost' v regionah Rossii (social'no-kriminologicheskij analiz): Monografija. -SPb.: SPbA MVD Rossii, 1998. - 186 s.
8. Sovremennye tendencii razvitija ugolovnoj politiki i ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva: Tez. dokl. konf. - M.: IGPAN, 1994. - 93 s.
9. Somin V.N. Social'noe upravlenie preduprezhdeniem prestupnosti: vvedenie v teoriju. - Irkutsk: Izd. Irkutsk, un-ta, 1990. - 225 s.
10. Tret'jakov I.L. Ugolovnaja politika v sisteme gosudarstvennoĭ politiki // Mir politiki i sociologii. - 2013. - # 10. - S. 17-32.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kurbatova G. V., Ananjev O. G.
Historical and legal analysis of the recidivism of crimes in domestic criminal law
The article touches upon issues related to the history and development of recidivism in Russian criminal law. The authors analyze legal documents of various historical periods of time for the presence of legal norms on the recidivism of crimes. The article examines the periodization of the formation of recidivism of crimes, examines its historical and legal significance and the degree of influence exerted on Russian criminal law.
Keywords: history, recidivism, repeated crime, punishment, domestic criminal law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Artikul voinskij 1715 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://studentprof.ru/artikulvoinskij-1715-g/ (data obrashhenija: 11.11.2021).
2. Melikov Je. M. Recidiv krazh po ugolovnomu zakonodatel'stvu drevnej Rusi // Voprosy sovremennoj jurisprudencii. - 2014. - # 1. - S. 5-11.
3. Molodchikova G. V. Osobennosti institutov obshhej chasti UK RSFSR 1922 goda i ih vlijanie na sovremennoe ugolovnoe zakonodatel'stvo // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. - 2020. - # 9. - S. 52-62.
4. Shadjan Sh. A. Genezis nauchnyh vzgljadov o ponjatii «Recidiv prestuplenij» // Obshhestvo i pravo. -2008. - # 2. - S. 163-167.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Mayorov A. V., Denisovich V. V.
Necessary defense (art. 37 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation): does the law need improvement?
Issues of implementation of the right to necessary defense, as the right of any person to protection from criminal encroachment, are considered in the article presented. Analysis of the practice of application of article 37 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation “Necessary defense” and the existing views of scientists on the problems of implementation of the right to protection from crime, allowed the authors to express their own judgments about the need to improve the criminal law. Arguments for amending the current provision of the criminal law (Art. 37 of the Criminal Code), as well as amendments to the Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of September 27, 2012 № 19 “On the Application by the Courts of the Legislation on Necessary Defense and Infliction of Harm in Detention of a Person who Committed a Crime” were proposed.
Keyword: necessary defense, institute of necessary defense, improvement of the law, criminal law, right to defense against a crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avdeeva E. V. Neobhodimaja oborona: aktual'nye voprosy zakonodatel'noj reglamentacii i pravoprimenenija // Rossijskij sud'ja. – 2019. – # 1. – S. 16-20.
2. Veselov A. D. Ponjatie, vidy i priznaki obstojatel'stv, iskljuchajushhih prestupnost' dejanija. Neobhodimaja oborona: uslovija pravomernosti i problemy pravoprimenenija // Nauka cherez prizmu vremeni. – 2018. – # 3 (12). – S.25-26.
3. Vorob'eva N. A. Problemy primenenija zakonodatel'stva o neobhodimoj oborone // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2018. – # 5. – S. 88-91.
4. Karpov N. N., Klejn A. Ju. Neobhodimaja oborona: problemy kvalifikacii i primenenija // Vestnik obrazovatel'nogo konsorciuma Srednerusskij universitet. Serija: Jurisprudencija. – 2018. – # 12. – S. 38-40.
5. Karimov T. U. Krug ob"ektov neobhodimoj oborony i differenciacija kriteriev opredelenija ee predelov (postanovka problemy) // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2010. – # 6. – S. 121-127.
6. Merkur'ev V. V., Tarakanov I. A. Neobhodimaja oborona: problema svoevremennosti oboronitel'nyh dejstvij pri ugroze posjagatel'stva // Pravo v Vooruzhennyh Silah - Voenno-pravovoe obozrenie. –2017. – # 6 (239). – S. 91-95.
7. Sorokin A. I. K voprosu o pravomernoj neobhodimoj oborone // Viktimologija. – 2017. – # 4. – S.18-21.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Makogon I. V., Ignatova E. A.
Some controversial aspects of the stage of refusal to initiate criminal proceedings
This article examines various scientific points of view on problematic issues of refusal to initiate criminal proceedings at the pre-trial stage, argues for the existence and necessity of the institution of refusal to initiate criminal proceedings at the stage of initiation of criminal proceedings.
Keywords: stage, refusal, initiation of a criminal case, investigator, inspection results.
Work bibliographic list
1. Birjukov S. Ju., Skorikov D. G., Zakatov A. A. Znachenie kul'tury rechi v rabote sledovatelja // Vestnik Volgogradskoj Akademii MVD Rossii. - 2018. - # 3(46). - S. 116–121.
2. Dikarev I. S. Sushhnost' i aktual'nye problemy stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela: monografija. 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. / Otv. red. I. S. Dikarev. - M.:Jurlitinform, 2012. - 408 s.
3. Pankratov D. E. O sushhnosti osnovanij dlja otkaza v vozbuzhdenii ugolovnogo dela // Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2008. - # 15. - S. 13-15.
4. Trifonova K. A. Dosudebnoe proizvodstvo po ugolovnomu delu v otnoshenii umershego podozrevaemogo ili obvinjaemogo // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2021. - # 3 (58). - S. 195-203.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Nistratova I. S.
Retrospective analysis of the regulatory regulation of the replacement of the unserved part of the penalty with a milder type of penalty
The article examines the historical stages of development and separation from parole an independent inter-legal institution of replacing the unserved part of the penalty with a milder type of penalty. The normative legal acts characterizing this inter-legal institution are analyzed in order to determine the legal nature and identify its features. It is concluded the replacement of the unserved part of the penalty with a milder type of penalty is an inter-legal institution and an important component of the progressive system of serving criminal penalty. It is necessary to further improve the regulatory and legal regulation of this institute of law, which will contribute to improving the effectiveness of achieving the goals of penalty.
Keywords: replacement of the unserved part of penalty with a milder type of penalty, convict, penalty.
Work bibliographic list
1. Babajanc Je. A. Aktual'nye problemy primenenija sredstv differenciacii ispolnenija ugolovnogo nakazanija // Sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii. Sb. mat. kruglogo stola v ramkah Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii Universiteta FSIN Rossii. - SPb.: FKU VO «Sankt-Peterburgskij universitet FSIN Rossii», 2021. - S. 37-44.
2. Berner A. F. Uchebnik ugolovnogo prava / Per. i izd. N. Nekljudova. - T. 1. Chast' Obshhaja. - SPb.: Tipografija N. Tiblena i komp., 1865. - 940 s.
3. Vasil'ev A. I. Sovershenstvovanie zakonodatel'stva kak odna iz garantij realizacii osuzhdennymi svoih prav // Problemy sovershenstvovanija ispolnenija ugolovnyh nakazanij / Materialy sekcii nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Chelovek:prestuplenie i nakazanie», sostojavshejsja v RVSh MVD RF 25-26 marta 1992 g. - Rjazan': RVSh MVD RF, 1992. - S. 29-31.
4. Ekaterina II. Nakaz Komissii o sostavlenii proekta novogo Ulozhenija // Ekaterina II. O velichii Rossii. - M.: Jeksmo, 2006. - 829 s.
5. Novoe ugolovnoe ulozhenie, vys. utv. 22 marta 1903g.: S pril. predm. alf. ukaz. - Neofic. izd. - SPb.:kn. mag. V. P. Anisimova, 1903. - 253 s.
6. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo H-HH vekov. - T. 2. Zakonodatel'stvo perioda obrazovanija i ukreplenija Russkogo centralizovannogo gosudarstva. - M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1985. - 481 s.
7. Tihomirov M. I. Posobie dlja izuchenija Russkoj Pravdy. - M.: Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 1953. - 192 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Rastoropov S. V., Gorshkova N. A.
Theoretical and applied analysis of penalization of illicit weapon trafficking at the present stage
The article analyzes the legislative structure of the sanctions of articles providing for criminal liability for illegal arms trafficking (legal penalization), and also examines the performance indicators of the courts of the Russian Federation for the period of 2018 - 6 months of the 2021 in the field of imposing punishment for the relevant crimes (judicial practical penalization). This aspect of the practical implementation by the courts of the types and sizes of punishment for these crimes established in the criminal law is of tremendous importance for the development of domestic criminal law theory and practice. First, such an analysis will reveal the general natural
tendencies of judicial activity in this direction. Secondly, it allows you to clarify what types of punishment are most preferred in this area. Thirdly, it will provide an opportunity to objectively assess the legislative approach to the construction of sanctions of the relevant criminal law norms.
Keywords: illegal arms trafficking; punishment; types of punishments; judicial discretion; legislative penalization; practical penalty.
Work bibliographic list
1. Blagov E. V. Primenenie special'nyh nachal naznachenija ugolovnogo nakazanija. - Moskva: Jurlitinform, 2007. - 288 s.
2. Gorshkova N. A. Sudebnaja penalizacija umyshlennogo prichinenija tjazhkogo vreda zdorov'ju, sovershennogo v mestah lishenija svobody // Sovremennoe sostojanie i puti razvitija ugolovnogo prava Rossijskoj Federacii: nauchnye i uchebno-metodicheskie aspekty: Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj pamjati professorov kafedry ugolovnogo prava V. A. Eleonskogo i N. A. Ogurcova, Rjazan', 24 maja 2016 goda/ Pod red. V. F. Lapshina. - Rjazan': Akademija prava i upravlenija Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij, 2016. - S. 500-504.
3. Rastoropov S. V. K voprosu o ponjatii i pravovoj prirode uslovnogo osuzhdenija // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. - 2013. - # 4 (83). - S. 13-16.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Sadykova E. M., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
Actual problems of realization of the rights of participants in criminal proceedings when the prosecutor returns criminal cases for additional investigation
The constantly arising problems of protecting the rights and legitimate interests of participants in procedural activities during the preliminary investigation, when resubmitting procedural decisions, returning cases to the production of additional investigation, when changing the scope of the charge, when retraining the actions of suspects, accused, can be solved only through in-depth study of this issue and the development of a set of regulations simplifying the procedures for the production of all procedural measures. In order to ensure the protection and full realization of the rights of participants, it is necessary to specify the procedure for notifying the parties when making decisions by authorized entities.
Keywords: prosecutor, production, process, subjects, investigator, suspect, accused.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belickij V. Ju. K voprosu o naznachenii i soderzhanii obvinitel'nogo zakljuchenija // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2018.– # 3 (86). – S. 100-108.
2. Gavrilin Ju. V., Pobedkin A. V. Modernizacija ugolovno-processual'noj formy v uslovijah informacionnogo obshhestva // Trudy Akademii MVD Rossii. – 2019. – # 3 (51). – S. 28-38.
3. Elchiev M. F. Dejatel'nost' suda po ustraneniju prepjatstvij k rassmotreniju i razresheniju ugolovnyh del: analiz i predlozhenija // Juridicheskaja nauka i pravoohranitel'naja praktika. – 2020. –# 2 (52). – S.125-132.
4. Kolokolov N. A. Risk v prinjatii processual'nogo reshenija v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Juridicheskaja tehnika. – 2019. – # 13. – S. 47-58.
5. Reshetova N. Ju. Funkcii prokurora posle zavershenija predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija i do nachala sudebnogo razbiratel'stva ugolovnogo dela // Vestnik Universiteta prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii.–2020. – # 5 (79). – S. 44-50.
6. Shpakovskij Ju. G., Potapchuk I. V. Dekrety o sude #1, 2, 3 // Vestnik Universiteta imeni O. E. Kutafina. – 2018. – # 4. – S. 210-223.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Tailova A. G., Mahmudov N. B.
Topical issues of juvenile criminal responsibility:european trends and modern development
The age of criminal responsibility seems to have different meanings in Europe. The official age of criminal responsibility may not be the earliest age when a child can be involved in the justice system due to a conflict with the law. Many countries have made reservations on some key issues of youth justice. Numerous international treaties and agreements set standards for how to deal with children in conflict with the law. We have made an attempt in the article to give a brief overview of various types of practice of criminal responsibility of minors abroad.
Keywords: criminal liability, minors, European trends, international standards.
Work bibliographic list
1. Deklaracija prav rebenka: prinjata 20.11.1959 Rezoljuciej 1386 (XIV) na 841-om plenarnom zasedanii General'noj Assamblei OON // Sbornik mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov SSSR. Vypusk XLVI. 1993.
2. Kozachenko I. Ja., Kozachenko E. B. Nesovershennoletie: ugolovno-pravovaja indul'gencija ili l'gota miloserdija? // Aktual'nye problemy primenenija ugolovno-pravovyh mer v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih: sb. mater. mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. /Otv. red. V.F. Lapshin. Vologda, 2012. S. 71-86.
3. Kozachenko, I. Ja., Latysheva L. A. Vozrast kak fenomen ugolovnogo prava i ugolovnogo zakona // Ugolovnaja i ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja politika v Rossii i za rubezhom: sostojanie, tendencii i problemy sovershenstvovanija: sb. mater. mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt.
konf. Vologda, 2013. S. 56-64.
4. Bundesgesetz über das Jugendstrafrecht. Berlin. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classified-compilation/20031353/index.html (data obrashhenija: 24.04.2020). Tekst: jelektronnyj.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Timofeeva O. V., Timofeev V. V.
Formation and development of the regulatory framework for the fight against corruption and its manifestations:international and Russian aspects
The article analyzes the main international and Russian regulatory legal acts regulating the issues of combating corruption. The acts of various levels analyze proposals for improving state policy in this area, proposals made by the President of the Russian Federation in his decrees, national plans, including the opinion on the need for wider public involvement in the fight against these phenomena.
Keywords: corruption, manifestations of corruption, causes of corruption, consequences of corruption manifestations, anti-corruption problems.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.12.2021).
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 19 maja 2008 g. # 815 «O merah po protivodejstviju korrupcii» // Rossijskaja gazeta. 2008. # 108.
3. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 1 aprelja 2016 g. # 147 «O Nacional'nom plane protivodejstvija korrupcii na 2016-2017 gody» // SZ RF. 2016. # 14. St. 1985.
4. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 16 avgusta 2021 g. # 478 «O Nacional'nom plane protivodejstvija korrupcii na 2021 - 2024 gody» // SZ RF. 2021. # 34. St. 6170.
5. Nacional'nyj plan protivodejstvija korrupcii (utv. Prezidentom RF 31 ijulja 2008 g. # Pr-1568) //Rossijskaja gazeta. 2008. # 164.
6. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 13 aprelja 2010 g. # 460 «O Nacional'noj strategii protivodejstvija korrupcii i Nacional'nom plane protivodejstvija korrupcii na 2010-2011 gody» // SZ RF. 2010. # 16. St. 1875.
7. Federal'nyj zakon ot 8 marta 2006 g. N 40-FZ «O ratifikacii Konvencii Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij protiv korrupcii» // SZ RF. 2006. # 12. St. 1231.
8. Konvencija po bor'be s podkupom inostrannyh dolzhnostnyh lic pri osushhestvlenii mezhdunarodnyh kommercheskih sdelok (Stambul, 21 nojabrja 1997g.) // SZ RF. 2012. # 17. St. 1899.
9. Konvencija ob ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za korrupciju (zakljuchena v g. Strasburge 27.01.1999) // SZ RF. 2009. # 20. St. 2394.
10. Federal'nyj zakon ot 1 fevralja 2012 g. # 3-FZ «O prisoedinenii Rossijskoj Federacii k Konvencii po bor'be s podkupom inostrannyh dolzhnostnyh lic pri osushhestvlenii mezhdunarodnyh kommercheskih sdelok» // SZ RF. 2012. # 6. St. 622.
11. Federal'nyj zakon ot 26 aprelja 2004 g. # 26-FZ «O ratifikacii Konvencii Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij protiv transnacional'noj organizovannoj prestupnosti i dopolnjajushhih ee Protokola protiv nezakonnogo vvoza migrantov po sushe, morju i vozduhu i Protokola o preduprezhdenii i presechenii torgovli ljud'mi, osobenno zhenshhinami i det'mi, i nakazanii za nee» // SZ RF. 2004. # 18. St. 1684.
12. Federal'nyj zakon ot 25 dekabrja 2008 goda # 273-FZ «O protivodejstvii korrupcii» // SZ RF, 2008. # 52 (chast' I). St. 6228.
13. Federal'nyj zakon ot 26 maja 2021 g. # 155-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» // SZ RF. 2021. # 22. St. 3690.
14. Konvencija Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij protiv korrupcii (prinjata v g. N'ju-Jorke 31.10.2003 Rezoljuciej 58/4 na 51-om plenarnom zasedanii 58-oj sessii General'noj Assamblei OON)// Rossijskaja justicija. 2004. # 4.
15. Mezhamerikanskaja konvencija protiv korrupcii ot 29 marta 1996 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/90193490
16. Spisok podpisanij i ratifikacij konvencii ob ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za korrupciju (ETS #173) (Strasburg, 27 janvarja 1999 goda) (po sostojaniju na 9 dekabrja 2021 goda) Svedenija o vypolnenii vnutrigosudarstvennyh procedur dany po materialam sajta Soveta Evropy. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.coe.int // SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
17. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye osnovy bor'by s korrupciej i otmyvaniem prestupnyh dohodov. M.:Infra-M, 2004.
18. Mihajlov V.I. Konvencija protiv transnacional'noj organizovannoj prestupnosti i zakonodatel'stvo Rossijskoj Federacii // Zakonodatel'stvo. 2005. # 2.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Chochueva Z. A.
Imposition of punishment for bribery
The author analyzes bribery in the article from the point of view of science and practice. Speaking about bribery, it must be said that there is no single understanding of this phenomenon. Everyone can interpret the definition of bribery in their own way. And this seems logical, since the criminal act in question is a collective term that includes four independent elements of crimes – giving and receiving a bribe, mediation in bribery and petty bribery. Being crimes, they are directed at the state power, the interests of the public service, service in local self-government bodies. Within the framework of our study, the types and sizes of penalties for bribery are also determined, depending on its size.
Keywords: punishment, bribe, criminal law norm, danger, official, corruption crimes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 09.07.2013 # 24 «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o vzjatochnichestve i ob inyh korrupcionnyh prestuplenijah» // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. 2013. #9.
2. Babanin V.A., Sboev B.K. Otvetstvennost' na vzjatochnichestvo // Buhgalter i zakon. 2003. # 12 (60). S. 5-11.
3. Borzenkov G.N. Osobennosti individualizacii nakazanija // Kommentarij rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva. M., 1997. S. 281-298.
4. Gal'perin I.M. Nakazanie: social'nye funkcii, praktika primenenija. M., 1983. 206s.
5. Kvicinija A.K. Dolzhnostnye prestuplenija. M.:Rossijskoe pravo, 1992. 221 s.
6. Lysov M.D. Nakazanie i ego primenenie za dolzhnostnye prestuplenija. Kazan': Izd-vo Kazansk. Un-ta, 1977. 157 s.
7. Montesk'e Sh.L. O duhe zakonov. SPb., 1900. 706 s.
8. Piontkovskij A.A. Osnovnye aspekty teorii nakazanija // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. 1969. # 7.S. 34-42.
9. Podgrushnyj M. A. Problemy kvalifikacii sovokupnosti jepizodov vzjatochnichestva v teorii i sudebnoj praktike // Vestnik Chuvashskogo universiteta. Gumanitarnye nauki. 2013. Vyp. 1. S. 72-74.
10. Prohorov L., Tashhilin M. Naznachenie nakazanija i rossijskaja kriminal'naja situacija // Rossijskaja justicija. 1999. # 8. S. 37-38.
11. Putin V.V. Vstupitel'naja stat'ja // Rossijskaja justicija. 2002. # 3. S. 1.
12. Rajzberg B.A., Lozovskij L.Sh., Starodubceva E.B. Sovremennyj jekonomicheskij slovar'. M.:INFRA-M, 2011. 511 s.
13. Rarog A.I. Problemy kvalifikacii vzjatochnichestva // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2013. # 5. S.101.
14. Sidorov B. V., Balaev A. Sh. Vzjatochnichestvo kak sistema i sostavnaja chast' korrupcii: ponjatie, social'naja i pravovaja harakteristika i voprosy sovershenstvovanija ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva //Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i sociologii. 2014. # 2.S. 158-160.
15. Tkachevskij Ju.M. Obespechenie ispolnenija ugolovnogo nakazanija // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. # 2. S. 60-66.
16. Tolkovyj slovar' zhivogo velikorusskogo jazyka Vladimira Dalja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://slovardalja.net/word.php?wordid=3076(data obrashhenija: 12.12.2021).
17. Chubarev V.I. Obshhestvennaja opasnost' prestuplenija i nakazanie (kolichestvennye metody izuchenija). M., 1982. 96 s.
18. Shargorodskij M.D. Nakazanie, ego celi i jeffektivnost'. L., 1973. 160 s.
19. Sheretov V.V. Protivodejstvie vzjatochnichestvu: ugolovno-pravovoj i kriminologicheskij aspekty. Av-toref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. SPb., 2005. 19 s.
20. Jani P.S. Vygody imushhestvennogo haraktera // Ezhemesjachnyj pravovoj nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal Zakonnost'. 2009. # 1 (891). S. 17-22.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Shtab O. N., Marakulin D. A.
Protection of the rights of minors by criminal legal means in neighboring countries
In order to improve the criminal legal means of combating crimes against children and minors in the Russian Federation, this paper analyzes the norms establishing responsibility for similar crimes in the criminal legislation of neighboring countries. Based on the analysis, the authors propose to supplement some of the crimes of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation with certain qualified types.
Keywords: crimes against the family and minors, involvement of a minor in the commission of a crime, involvement of a minor in the commission of antisocial acts, criminal legislation of neighboring countries.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anichkin E. S., Botvin I. V. Sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva stran Evropy i Rossijskoj Federacii za prichinenie imushhestvennogo ushherba putem obmana ili zloupotreblenija doveriem //Altajskij juridicheskij vestnik. – 2014.– # 1. – S. 48-52.
2. Rep'ev A. G. Gosudarstvennoe obespechenie prav lic bez opredelennogo mesta zhitel'stva i profilaktika ih delinkventnogo povedenija (na materialah Penzenskoj oblasti) / A. G. Rep'ev // Vestnik Voronezhskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2012. – # 3. – S.70-74.
3. Sostojanie prestupnosti / Oficial'nyj sajt Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.rf/folder/101762, svobodnyj. – Zagl. s jekrana.– Jaz.rus. (data obrashhenija: 20.11.2021).
4. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Belarus' ot 9 ijulja 1999 goda # 275-Z (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 26.05.2021 g.) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz (dataobrashhenija: 20.11.2021).
5. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan ot 3 ijulja 2014 goda # 226-V (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 02.07.2021 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz (data obrashhenija: 20.11.2021).
6. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Tadzhikistan ot 21 maja 1998 goda # 574 (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 20.04.2021 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz (data obrashhenija: 20.11.2021).
7. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Uzbekistan (utverzhden Zakonom Respubliki Uzbekistan ot 22 sentjabrja 1994 goda # 2012-XII) (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 12.10.2021 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz (data obrashhenija: 20.11.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Iljin F. I.
Some features of the forensic support of criminal proceedings
Criminal trial is the final stage of criminal proceedings. Technological advances make the role of forensics in judicial proceedings grow steadily and objectively. If the court applies forensic achievements and methods of forensic support of a trial, it guarantees that human rights and freedoms will be observed, and the court will be able to evaluate evidence reasonably and perform necessary judicial investigative actions. It makes sense to develop specific forensic methods for judicial proceedings by types and groups of crimes, taking into account characteristics of various stages of proceedings. The paper proposes to consider patterns of court activities in a criminal trial as belonging to the subject of forensic science. Forensic support of a criminal trial means a system of modern forensic knowledge and subsequent abilities and skills of persons administering justice in using forensic recommendations and applying forensic tools for judicial protection of human rights and freedoms, the exercise of powers in order to determine a defendant’s guilt or innocence, research and evaluation of evidence, and delivering a legal, reasonable and fair sentence.
Keywords: Criminal proceedings, forensic support of a trial, the subject of forensic science.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vvedenie v kurs sovetskoj kriminalistiki. Lekcija/ Vasil'ev A.N. - M.: Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 1962. - 28 c.
2. Gross G. Rukovodstvo dlja sudebnyh sledovatelej kak sistema kriminalistiki / G. Gross. Novoe izd. Pere-pech. s izd. 1908 g. - M.: LekJest, 2002. - 1088 s.
3. Il'in F.I. K voprosu o sovershenstvovanii pravovogo regulirovanija statusa jeksperta v ugolovnom processe // VOX JURIS. «Glas prava». Sankt-Peterburg. - 2020. - # 1. - S. 216-224.
4. Ishhenko E.P. Kriminalistika: Kurs lekcij. - M.:Juridicheskaja firma «KONTRAKT»; AST-MOSKVA, 2007. - 416 s.
5. Korchagin A.Ju. Organizacionno-takticheskie i metodicheskie osnovy kriminalisticheskogo obespechenija sudebnogo razbiratel'stva ugolovnyh del: dissertacija doktora juridicheskih nauk. - Krasnodar, 2008. - 355 s.
6. Kriminalisticheskoe obespechenie dejatel'nosti kriminal'noj milicii i organov predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija: uchebnik / Pod red.: Aver'janovoj T.V., Belkina R.S. - M.: Novyj Jurist, 1997. - 400c.
7. Kurs ugolovnogo processa / Pod red. d.ju.n., prof. L.V. Golovko. - 2-e izdanie, ispr. - M.: Statut, 2017.
8. Mahina S.N., Curluj O.Ju. Kriminalisticheskoe obespechenie sudebnogo razbiratel'stva v Rossii: sovremennoe ponimanie i napravlenija razvitija //Vestnik VGU. Serija: Pravo. – 2019. - # 3. - S. 273-281
9. Pristanskov V.D. Osobennosti rassledovanija jatrogennyh prestuplenij, sovershaemyh pri okazanii medicinskoj pomoshhi. Uchebnoe posobie. - SPb.:Sankt-Peterburgskij juridicheskij institut General'noj prokuratury RF. - 2007. - S. 54.
10. Jakushin S.Ju. Voprosy teorii kriminalisticheskoj taktiki. Kazanskij federal'nyj un-t. - Kazan': Izd-vo Kazanskogo un-ta, 2015. - 183 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Tailova A. G., Abakarova B. G., Magomedov H. B.
Legal forms of spatial and temporal parameters in criminal legislation
Temporal and spatial mechanisms in criminal law are forms of restriction in the legal system as a whole that are little studied in legal science. This problem requires a more detailed study not only at the general theoretical and legal level, but also at the sectoral level, in particular, in criminal law. The conditions and procedure for the application of spatial and temporal norms in criminal legislation affect the transformations taking place in modern society, which increases interest in the problems of their resolution. When analyzing the effect of the norms of law in time, taking into account the retroactive effect of the law, the legal expression of spatial and temporal construction, law enforcement officers faced the problem of interaction and correlation of the norm and the time of its action.
Keywords: criminal law, action in time, action in space, application of the law, space-time norms.
Work bibliographic list
1. Reshnjak M. G. Princip sistemnosti prava v zakonodatel'nom regulirovanii dejstvija ugolovno-pravovyh norm vo vremeni i v prostranstve // Chernye dyry v Rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2013. – # 2.– S. 108.
2. Reshnjak M. G. Sistemnost' i opredelennost' ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva kak osnovnye predposylki jeffektivnogo primenenija norm, reglamentirujushhih ego dejstvie vo vremeni i v prostranstve //Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2013. –# 6. – S. 157.
3. Serdjuk L. V. Social'naja spravedlivost' kak princip i kak cel' v praktike primenenija ugolovnogo zakona // Rossijskaja justicija. – 2011. – # 7. – S. 15.
4. Stroganova A. K. Uslovija i osnovanija otkaza v vydache // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2002. – # 3. – S. 221.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Klimovskiy A. S., Taranin M. A.
The environmental crimes in the Republic of Crimea as one of the main features of the crime in the Southern Federal District
The modern realities of the technological progress lead to the environmental degradation. This requires a more targeted response from the state that can require to the more targeted response from the state. The Republic of Crimea is rich in the natural biological resources that need to be preserved.
In this regard, it is necessary to change the legal assessment of the environmental offenses and the crimes. The important attention should be paid to the fight against the environmental crimes in the Republic of Crimea.
Keywords: the ecology, the Republic of Crimea, the crimes, the judicial practice, the environmental problems.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bagrova L. A. Bagrov N. V., Novye podhody k ispol'zovaniju rekreacionnogo potenciala Kryma //Problemy jekologii i rekreacii Azovo-Chernomorskogo regiona. – Simferopol': Tavrida, 1995.
2. Bokov V. A., Dragan N. A., Kobechinskaja V. G., Mishnev V. G., Timohin V. M., Hmara A. Ja. Sostojanie okruzhajushhej sredy v Krymu i ego vlijanie na bioraznoobrazie // Bioraznoobrazie Kryma: ocenka i potrebnosti sohranenija. - USA: Programma podderzhki
bioraznoobrazija, 1999.
3. Zhevlakov Je. N. Ugolovno-pravovaja ohrana okruzhajushhej prirodnoj sredy v Rossijskoj Federacii. –M.: NII problem ukreplenija zakonnosti i pravo-porjadka, 2002.
4. Zavolod'ko N. N., Timchenko Z. V., Novik V. A., Hromova R. N. Vodnoe hozjajstvo Kryma: istorija razvitija, sovremennoe sostojanie. – Simferopol': Dolja,2003.
5. Krym: nastojashhie i budushhee: Sb. statej / Pod red. G.M. Fomina. – Simferopol': Tavrija, 1995.
6. Procenko S. V. Nezakonnoe zanjatie rybnym promyslom v mestah neresta ili na migracionnyh putjah k nim (problemy pravoprimenitel'noj praktiki) // Juridicheskij mir. – 2009. – # 4.
7. Churakov D. B., Chuchaev A. I. Jekologicheskie prestuplenija v ugolovnom prave Rossii. – Ul'janovsk, 2002.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Usacheva E. A.
The «secret» of security measures applied to an official of a law enforcement and supervisory authority
The article examines and analyzes the content of the concept of «secrecy» in the criminal law aspect. The author identifies the main features of legal secrecy in the criminal-legal plane. The content of confidential information that forms the basis of the official activities of law enforcement officers is analyzed. There are specific signs of «secrecy» in relation to information about security measures applied to law enforcement and regulatory officials.
Keywords: secrecy, confidential information, disclosure of secrets, law enforcement and regulatory officials, security measures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agafoncev V.V. Organizacionno-pravovye problemy sozdanija gosudarstvennoj programmy zashhity uchastnikov ugolovnogo processa // «Chernye dyry» v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. 2002. # 1. S. 339-345.
2. Brusnicyn L.V. Polnomochija dolzhnostnyh lic po obespecheniju bezopasnosti grazhdan, sodejstvujushhih ugolovnomu pravosudiju // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 2012. # 9. S. 52-64.
3. Epihin A. Pravovoe regulirovanie mer bezopasnsti uchastnikov processa // Zakonnost'. 2003. # 5. S. 48-53.
4. Kibal'nik A., Solomonenko I. Ponjatie i vidy tajny v ugolovnom prave // Rossijskaja justicija. 2001.# 2. S. 53-58.
5. Logvinov M.I. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' za razglashenie svedenij o merah bezopasnosti, primenjaemyh v otnoshenii uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2009. 181 s.
6. Lukinskij A.V. Stanovlenie i razvitie instituta gosudarstvennoj zashhity: istoriko-pravovoe issledovanie: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2013. 182 s.
7. Matvienko I.V. Problemy obespechenija tajny dannyh predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija i svedenij o merah bezopasnosti, primenjaemyh v otnoshenii uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. 2016. # 1. S.
130-132.
8. Naumov A.V. Rossijskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Kurs lekcij. T. 2. Osobennaja chast'. M., 2004.
9. Ozhegov S.I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka. 15-e izd.: M., 1984. 907 s.
10. Parshin S.M. Tajna v ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve: Teoretiko-prikladnoe issledovanie: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Nizhnij Novgorod, 2006. 207 s.
11. Prihod'ko N.Ju. Teoreticheskie osnovy preduprezhdenija prestuplenija // Nauchnyj vestnik Orlovskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii im. V.V. Luk'janova. 2017. # 4 (73). S. 80-82.
12. Uvarov M.A. Administrativno-jurisdikcionnaja dejatel'nost' organov vnutrennih del v oblasti ohrany sobstvennosti: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk:12.00.14. M., 2019. 112 s.
13. Uvarov M.A. Vidy i obshhaja harakteristika stadij proizvodstva po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2021. # 1 (152). S. 154-155.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Ramazanova S. Z., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
The system of punishments in the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation
In this article, the author examines the dynamics of the punishment system and its relationship in the process of implementation with the functions and goals of punishment. In the course of the study, conclusions were drawn on the fact that the system of punishments in the process of implementation exhibits certain systemic properties that find their expression in the laws of the functioning of the system of punishments.
Keywords: punishment, system, dynamics, interrelation, goals, functions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andreev V.A., Andreeva O.A., Gribunov O.P., Sergevnin V.A. Nakazanie v sisteme ugolovno-pravovyh sredstv protivodejstvija prestupnosti: vzaimodejstvie pravovyh sistem v uslovijah globalizacii mezhdunarodnoj zhizni // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. – 2016. – T. 10. # 2. – S. 301-312.
2. Vasil'eva S.A. Genezis i jevoljucija sistemy ispolnenija nakazanij v amerikanskih kolonijah // Aktual'nye voprosy prava, obrazovanija i psihologii. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov. – Mogilev, 2016. – # 2. –S. 3-10.
3. Zaec A.P. Sistema sovetskogo zakonodatel'stva(problema soglasovannosti). – Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1987.
4. Kolotushkin S.M. Sistema protivodejstvija ispol'zovanija sotovyh telefonov licami, otbyvajushhimi nakazanija v uchrezhdenijah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossii // Materialy XX Mezhdunarodnoj jubilejnoj vystavki «Interpoliteh-2016». – 2016. – 367 s.
5. Sakaev A.I. Sistema nakazanij po ugolovnomu pravu Rossii: Istorija i sovremennost': dis. ... kand. jurnd. nauk. – Kazan', 1999. – 297 s.
6. Sych K.A. Ugolovnoe nakazanie i ego sostav: Teoretiko-metodologicheskie aspekty issledovanija: dis. ...dokt. jurid. nauk. – Rjazan', 2001. – 408 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Shtankova A. P.
Conditions for the inexpediency of introducing a privileged composition of a murder committed on the motive of compassion, at the request of the victim
The purpose of the study is to establish the main conditions for the inexpediency of introducing the privileged composition of murder at the request of the victim into the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The article considers in a general context the question of the so–called form of realization of the right to death-euthanasia and, in particular, the consent of a person to cause death. The scientific novelty of the study lies in the development of clear grounds for which the composition of murder at the request of the victim cannot be included in the criminal law as a privileged composition of the crime. As a result, it was determined that euthanasia is a full-fledged murder, for which there is no need to mitigate responsibility under the new privileged article.
Keywords: privileged crime, euthanasia, murder committed on the motive of compassion, at the request of the victim, the right to death.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alenkin N. E. Sistema privilegirovannyh sostavov ubijstva v ugolovnom prave Rossii: problemy sovershenstvovanija: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Moskva, 2017.
2. Aliev T. T. Jevtanazija v Rossii: pravo cheloveka na ee osushhestvlenie // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2008. – #4. – S. 8.
3. Antonenko M. M. Jevtanazija kak raznovidnost' ubijstva v ugolovnom prave Rossii: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Kaliningrad. 2018.
4. Artjushina O. V. Novye prestuplenija protiv zhizni: problemy kriminalizacii i dekriminalizacii // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta imeni V. N. Tatishheva. 2019. – # 2. Tom 1. – S. 130.
5. Borzenkov G. N. Prestuplenija protiv zhizni i zdorov'ja: zakon i pravoprimenitel'naja praktika. –M.: Zercalo – M, 2008. – S. 158.
6. Bykova S. Ju. Jetiko-filosofskie aspekty: problemy jevtanazii: dis. … kand. filosof. nauk. – Moskva, 1993.
7. Dodonov V. N., Kapinus O. S., Shherba S. P. Sravnitel'noe ugolovnoe pravo. Osobennaja chast' / V. N. Dodonov, O. S. Kapinus, S. P. Shherba. Pod obshh, i nauch. red. S. P. Shherby. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2010.
8. Ivchenko I. A. Jevtanazija kak obshhestvennyj fenomen: social'no-filosofskij analiz: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Moskva, 2009.
9. Kapinus O. S. Jevtanazija kak social'no-pravovoe javlenie: ugolovno-pravovye problemy: dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk. – Moskva, 2006.
10. Karpov E. A. Problema sobljudenija prav cheloveka v uslovijah mul'tikul'turnogo obshhestva v koncepcii «vovlechenija drugogo» Jurgena Habermasa, ili predstojashhij zakat Evropy? // Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. – 2019. – # 4. – S. 6.
11. Korobeev A. I. Prostoe ubijstvo i slozhnosti ego kvalifikacii // Ugolovnoe pravo. – # 2. – 2001. – S.30.
12. Krylova N. E. Ugolovnoe pravo i biojetika: Ugolovnoe pravo i biojetika (ugolovno-pravovye problemy primenenija sovremennyh biomedicinskih tehnologij): dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk. – Moskva, 2006.
13. Lopashenko N. A. Issledovanie ubijstv: zakon, doktrina, sudebnaja praktika: monografija. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2018.
14. Lopashenko N. A. Ugolovnyj zakon i statistika prestupnosti: parallel'noe sushhestvovanie // Sbornik statej (materialy I Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Sociologija ugolovnogo prava: problemy i tendencii razvitija», sostojav-
shejsja 21-22 sentjabrja 2012 g.) Tom I / Pod obshh. red. E. N. Salygin, S. A. Markuncov, Je. L. Radnaeva. – 2013.– S. 53.
15. Makoveev D. V. Zhizn' cheloveka. Nasilie i smert':aspekty social'no – filosofskogo analiza / Perm. gos. tehn. universitet. – Perm', 2004.
16. Panchenko V. Ju., Shushpanov K. S. Zapret jevtanazii: immanentnyj predel ili ogranichenie prava na zhizn'? // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2013.– # 1. – S. 5.
17. Sidorov B. V., Babichev A. G. Ubijstvo v sisteme posjagatel'stv na zhizn' cheloveka i voprosy sovershenstvovanija ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva // Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i sociologii. – 2012. – # 2. – S.152.
18. Stankevich K. K. Motivy i celi ubijstva: doktrina, zakon, primenenie: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg, 2019.
19. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (nauchnyj proekt) / N. A. Lopashenko, R. O. Dolotov, E. V. Kobzeva, K. M. Hutov; pod red. N. A. Lopashenko. – M.:Jurlitinform, 2019.
20. Fomichev E. K. Jevtanazija kak forma realizacii prava na smert': dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Tambov, 2006.
21. Chernysheva Ju. A. Legalizacija jevtanazii v Rossii// Obshhestvo i pravo. – 2008. – # 2. - S. 10.
22. Jushhenko N. V. Jevtanazija: aksiologicheskij i antropologicheskij aspekty: dis. ... kand. filosof. nauk.– Rostov-na-Donu, 2011.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Abbasov N. I.
Actual problems of methodological support of forensic examination
The article discusses the current situation and development trends in the methodological support of forensic examination. Issues related to methodological support and the development of scientific and methodological activities are of interest both locally and internationally. According to the author, these aspects are closely related to management theories and modern management methods.
The speed of global economic development and its impact on the provision of institutions for the methodological development of forensic science also should take into account.
The author proposes to consider the possibility of developing the concept of introducing methods and mechanisms of a market economy in the management of the activities of state forensic institutions, which can ensure the further development of the examination as a whole. Formation of knowledge management, forecasting and unification of expert linguistics is presented as part of the methodological support of forensic examination. The development of these directions seems necessary.
Keywords: methodological support, knowledge management, development of forensic science, unification of the language of expert research, expert forecasting, linguistics of forensic examination, information provision for forensic science.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kirvel' V. K. Metodicheskoe obespechenie sudebno-jekspertnoj dejatel'nosti: mezhdunarodnyj opyt.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://docplayer.ru/60037236-Metodicheskoe-obespecheniesudebno-ekspertnoy-deyatelnosti-mezhdunarodnyyopyt.html (data poseshhenija: 16.01.2022).
2. Malevski G., Juodkajte-Granske G. Jekonomizacija sudebnoj jekspertizy – neizbezhnost' ili modnoe uvlechenie? // Teorija i praktika sudebnoj jekspertizy i kriminalistiki. - Kiev, 2011. - Vyp. 11. - S.205-206.
3. Moiseeva T. F. Metody i sredstva jekspertnyh issledovanij. Uchebnik. - Moskva: Moskovskij psihologo-social'nyj institut, 2006. - 216 s.
4. Nefedov S. N. Formirovanie novoj paradigmy sudebnoj jekspertizy v SShA i Evrope. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://sudexpertiza.by/assets/docs/vos_zap/nefedov.pdf. (data poseshhenija:14.01.2022).
5. Radbil' T. B., Jumatov V. A. Jazyk sudebnoj jekspertizy: tendencii formirovanija i razvitija // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N. I. Lobachevskogo. - 2014. - # 3 (2). - S. 189.
6. Jumatov V. A., Nesterova O. A. Jazyk kriminalistiki i sudebnoj jekspertizy. Sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N. I. Lobanovskogo. - 2012. - # 1(1). - S. 255-256.
7. Colin Aitken, Franco Taroni, Silvia Bozza Statistics and the Evaluation of Evidence for Forensic Scientists. 3rd Edition. ISBN: 978-1-119-24522-3. December, 2020. -1248 p.
8. Franco Taroni, Silvia Bozza, Alex Biedermann, Paolo Garbolino, Colin Aitken Data Analysis in Forensic Science: A Bayesian Decision Perspective. ISBN: 978-0-470-99835-9. April, 2010. - 388 p.
9. Kelly M. Pyrek Forensic Science Under Siege. The Challenges of Forensic Laboratories and the Medico-Legal Death Investigation System. 2007, 537 p.
10. Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community, National Research Council Strengthening forensic science in the United States: a path forward. - The National Academies Press, 2009. -352 p.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Evlushina D. N.
Procedural independence of the investigator: problems and solutions
The article highlights some aspects of the procedural independence of the investigator. The opinions of scientists on the issue under study are analyzed, some problems regarding the status of the investigator in practice are considered and solutions are proposed by making appropriate amendments and additions to the current legislation of Russia.
Keywords: investigator, procedural independence, investigation of crimes, prosecutor, head of the investigative body.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gadzhiramazanova P. K., Karibova K. N. Problemy realizacii processual'noj samostojatel'nosti sledovatelja // Zakon i pravo. - 2021. - # 2.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Ivanusenko Yu. B.
Criminal procedural features of detention of a suspected
The article discusses some aspects of procedural detention, discussions are underway about defining the moment the actual detention of the suspect. In addition, the article provides a practical situation concerning the detention of a suspect, which is quite common in practical activities of employees of investigative units, which is a controversial procedural point.
Keywords: detention, suspect, moment the actual detention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks RF.
2. Postanovlenie KS RF ot 27.06.2000 # 11-P «Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti polozhenij ch. 1 st. 47 i ch. 2 st. 51 UPK RSFSR v svjazi s zhaloboj gr-na V. I. Maslova»
3. Baranov A. M., Suprun S. V. Moment fakticheskogo zaderzhanija podozrevaemogo // Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosuniversiteta. - 2006. - # 3. - S. 31-34.
4. Rossinskij S. B. Moment fakticheskogo zaderzhanija podozrevaemogo skvoz' prizmu konstitucionno-mezhotraslevogo podhoda // Rossijskij sledovatel'. -018.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Zakharova S. S., Nazarkin E. V., Suleymanov T. A., Shuranova O. A.
Formation and development of adversarial proceedings in the criminal process of Russia
The article examines the formation of the adversarial principle in the criminal proceedings of the Russian Federation. Competitiveness for a long time has been of scientific and practical interest, since the distribution of functions between various participants in the criminal process ensures the achievement of a reasonable study of all the committed act data, the legal and reasonable prosecution of the persons guilty of its commission. Various types (forms) of criminal proceedings in different historical stages and their influence on the formation of the adversarial nature of criminal proceedings as a fundamental constitutional principle are considered.
Keywords: type (form) of criminal proceedings, adversarial principle, inquesitorial procedure, mixed procedure, adversarial procedure, prosecution and defense functions, truth, distribution of functions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akimov V. S. Istoricheskoe razvitie sostjazatel'nogo ugolovnogo processa v Rossii i nekotoryh zarubezhnyh stranah // Rossijskij sud'ja. – 2020. – #5. – S. 44-48.
2. Aristotel'. Politika / Per. s gr. S. A. Zhebeleva, T.A. Miller. – M.: AST, 2018. – 317 s.
3. Vas'kovskij E. V. Organizacija advokatury: v 2 ch. – SPb.: Tip. P. P. Sojkina, 1893. – Ch. I. – 396 s.
4. Gucenko K. F., Golovko L. V., Filimonov B. A. Ugolovnyj process zapadnyh gosudarstv / Pod red. K. F. Gucenko. – Uchebnoe posobie dlja juridicheskih vuzov. – 2-e izd., dop. i ispr. – M.: Zercalo-M, 2002.– 528 c.
5. Katomina V. A. Spravedlivost' i sostjazatel'nost' v rossijskom prave: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Saratov, 2009. – 210 s.
6. Kolokolov N. A. Obvinenie i zashhita: balans interesov // Teorija ugolovnogo processa: sostjazatel'nost' / Pod red. N. A. Kolokolova. V 2-h ch. – M.: Jurlitform, 2013. – Ch. 1. – 368 s.
7. Kuchinskaja O. P. Dispozitivnost' kak princip ugolovnogo processa // Zakonnost' i pravoporjadok v sovremennom obshhestve. – 2011. – # 4. – S. 278-282.
8. Makarova Z. V. Forma ugolovnogo processa // Sudeb- naja vlast' i ugolovnyj process. – 2019. – # 2. – S.7-16.
9. Ozhegov S. I. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka: okolo 100 000 slov, terminov i frazeologicheskih vyrazhenij / S. I. Ozhegov; pod red. L. I. Skvorcova.– 26-e izd., ispr. i dop. – M.: Oniks [i dr.], 2009. –1375 s.
10. Pokrovskij I. A. Istorija rimskogo prava. – M.:Statut: Konsul'tant pljus, 2004.— 538 s.
11. Portnov V. P., Slavin M. M. Stanovlenie pravosudija Sovetskoj Rossii (1917 – 1922 gg.). / V. P. Portnov, M. M. Slavin; Otv. red. S. V. Bobotov; ANSSSR, In-t gosudarstva i prava. – M.: Nauka, 1990.– 165 s.
12. Smirnov A. V. Modeli ugolovnogo processa. – SPb.:Nauka, 2000. – 224 s.
13. Smirnov A. V., Kalinovskij K. B. Kommentarij k Ugolovno-processual'nomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (postatejnyj). 5-e izd. / Pod red. A. V. Smirnova. – SPb.: Piter, 2009.
14. Jel'kind P. S. Celi i sredstva ih dostizhenija v sovetskom ugolovno-processual'nom prave. – L., 1976.– 142 s.
15. Jablochkov T. M. K ucheniju ob osnovnyh principah grazhdanskogo processa. – M., 1914. – 44 s.
16. Jakub M. L. Processual'naja forma v sovetskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. – M.: Jurid. lit., 1981. –144 s.
17. Landsman S. A Brief Survey of the Development of the Adversary System // Ohio State Law Journal. – 1983. –Vol. 44. Is. 3. – P. 713-739.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Lifanova L. G., Chernikov S. V.
Proper regulation of the legal status of a participant in criminal procedural relations is a necessary element of the formation of legal thinking and legal awareness
Citizens become participants in criminal procedural relations in connection with a committed crime, or in the course of checking information about a committed or impending socially dangerous act. The legal nature of relations developing in the plane of criminal proceedings is often associated with the restriction of the rights of its subjects. A serious problem is the lack of proper legislative regulation of the procedural statuses of individuals involved in the sphere of criminal procedural relations. The authors draw attention to the need to legally secure the rights and obligations of all persons who are participants in the criminal process, since this is an indispensable condition for the formation of the legal thinking of these subjects, awareness of the possibilities of using the granted rights and the consequences of default.
Keywords: participant in criminal procedural relations, subject of criminal proceedings, procedural status, investigator, victim, statistician, pre-investigation check.
Work bibliographic list
1. Juridicheskij slovar' / Glav. red.: S. N. Bratus' [idr.]. M.: Gosjurizdat, 1953.
2. Kriminalistika: uchebnik / [Chelysheva O. V., Sotnikov K. I., Lutoshkin G. Ju. i dr.; pod obshhej redakciej Chelyshevoj O. V.]; MVD Rossii, Sankt-Peterburgskij universitet. - Sankt-Peterburg:R-KOPI, 2017. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://be5.biz/pravo/k043/22.html.
3. Lifanova L.G. Processual'nye aspekty realizacii prav uchastnikov ugolovnogo processa na jetape dosledstvennoj proverki // Aktual'nye voprosy prava i pravoprimenenija. Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (Stavropol', 25 oktjabrja, 2019 g.). Stavropol': SF KrU MVD RF, 2020.
4. Derishev Ju.V., Zemljanicin E.I. Processual'noe polozhenie lica, v otnoshenii kotorogo provoditsja predvaritel'naja proverka soobshhenija o prestuplenija // Juridicheskaja nauka i pravoohranitel'naja praktika. 2014. # 3 (29).
5. Slavgorodskaja O.A. Vlijanie lichnosti sledovatelja na formirovanie pravosoznanija svidetelja //Kriminalisticheskie problemy jeffektivnosti bor'by s prestupnost'ju i inymi pravonarushenijami sredi molodezhi. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj 95-letiju professora L.L. Kanevskogo. Ufa, 2019.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Makogon I. V., Ignatova E. A.
Protection of human and civil rights and freedoms as one of the most important principles of the criminal process and some problems of its provision at the present stage
The article examines the principle of protection of human and civil rights and freedoms in criminal proceedings in Russia, its connection with other principles and its significance before them. Some problems that exist at the present stage preventing the implementation of this principle are identified. The necessity of legislative regulation of the indicated problems is revealed.
Keywords: participants in criminal proceedings their rights and freedoms, the COVID-19 pandemic.
Work bibliographic list
1. Birjukov S. Ju. Dejatel'nost' sledovatelja na meste proisshestvija: processual'nyj i organizacionnyj aspekty // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2019. - # 1 (48). - S. 92-98.
2. Dashkina N. F. Principy ohrany prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve// Pero nauki. - 2020. - # 27. - S. 57-61.
3. Kravec E. G. Sovremennye vozmozhnosti nakoplenija, peredachi i analiza informacii, znachimoj dlja rassledovanija prestuplenij // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2010. - # 2 (13).- S. 72-78.
4. Trifonova K. A., Shmatov M. A. Poluchenie obrazcov dlja sravnitel'nogo issledovanija: problemy normativnoj reglamentacii i pravoprimenitel'noj praktiki // Vestnik Volgogradskoj Akademii MVD Rossii. - 2020. - # 1 (52). - S. 154-165.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Mustafaev S. S., Amirbekova G. H.
The concept and content of forensic examination
The Institute of Forensic Examination, which has a long history, plays an important role in the investigation of criminal cases. With the development of public relations, the structure of crime is changing, new types of illegal acts prohibited by criminal law appear, criminals are improving the ways of committing crimes, all these circumstances necessitate the use of special knowledge in criminal proceedings.
The article analyzes various approaches to determining the content of forensic examination. The author comes to the conclusion that the forensic examination is a complex investigative action aimed at obtaining new information by the investigator through research conducted by an expert.
Keywords: forensic examination, the concept of forensic examination, the content of forensic examination, investigative action, means of proof, criminal process.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aripov A. L., Orifdzhonov, I. T. Sushhnost' sudebnoj jekspertizy kak sredstva dokazyvanija v ugolovnom processe // Trudy Akademii MVD Respubliki Tadzhikistan. - 2015. - # 3. - S. 25-27.
2. Ishmaeva T. P. Processual'naja sushhnost' sudebnoj jekspertizy // Pravoporjadok: istorija, teorija, praktika. - 2017. - # 3. - S. 46-50.
3. Liluashvili T. A. Jekspertiza v Sovetskom grazhdanskom processe. – Tbilisi, 1967. - 218 s.
4. Orlov Ju. K. Proizvodstvo jekspertizy v ugolovnom processe. – M., 1982. - 264 s.
5. Semencov V. A. Proizvodstvo sudebnoj jekspertizy v stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela // Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauch.-prakt. Konferencii «Teorija i praktika sudebnoj jekspertizy v sovremennyh uslovijah. - M., 2007. - S. 176-177.
6. Stukalin V. B. Sudebnaja jekspertiza: sushhnost' i ob"ekty dlja ee provedenija // Obshhestvo i pravo. -2010. - # 1. - S. 220-224.
7. Shejfer S. A. Sobiranie dokazatel'stv v sovetskom ugolovnom processe: metodologicheskie i processual'nye problemy. - Saratov, 1986. - 171 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Prys E. V.
The phenomenon of organized stability of criminal groups with the participation of minors
On the basis of historical and legal research, the article examines the issue of the participation of adolescents in criminal groups.
Reveals the reasons and conditions of criminal behavior and the stability of criminal groups with the participation of adolescents, measures taken to the appropriate behavior of minors. The article considers the mechanism and procedure for their entry into criminal groups and their participation in them under the guidance of adults, the danger of such crimes for society and future generations.
Keywords: Law, history, minors, crime, causes, conditions, stability, desocialization, socialization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aksjonov V. Gibel' Pompei. – M., 2009.
2. Andreev A. N. Pamjatniki Drevnego Rima. Tipografija Lazarevskogo instituta Vostochnyh jazykov. –M., 1861. (Arhivnyj fond).
3. Vseobshhaja istorija arhitektury. Tom II: Arhitektura antichnogo mira (Grecija, Rim). Pod red. B. P. Mihajlova. Soizd. – M., 1973.
4. Detskaja prestupnost' na rubezhe XIX-XX vekov. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ivanetsoleg.livejournal.com.
5. Dzhek London. Syn vojny. – 1899. – Izdat: «Pisateli SShA». Pereizd. izd. – SPb., 2016.
6. Dolgova A. I. Organizovannaja prestupnost', terrorizm i korrupcija: tendencii sovershenstvovanija bor'by s nimi / Pod. red. A. I. Dolgovoj // Rossijskaja kriminalisticheskaja associacija. – 2005.
7. Emelin S. M. Bor'ba s nesovershennoletnej prestupnost'ju v gody Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojny// Voprosy juvenal'noj justicii. – 2010. – # 1 (27).
8. Zak A. I. Tipy detskoj besprizornosti, prestupnosti i prostitucii // Vesnik vospitanija. – 1914.– # 7.
9. Istoki i faktory ustojchivosti organizacij prestupnosti. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http:// student.com.
10. Koparev E. A. Deshifrovka drevnih pis'mennostej.– M., 2011.
11. Krasnov D. A. Harakteristika sistemy bor'by s podrostkovoj prestupnost'ju i prestupnost'ju nesovershennoletnih za 1965-1969 gg. // Zhurnal. Social'no-politicheskaja nauka. – 2013.
12. Lur'e S. Zagovorivshie tablichki. – M.: Izd. «M.K.», 2002.
13. Nevzorov A. S. Opeka nad nesovershennoletnimi:istoricheskij ocherk instituta. – M.: Nobel'. Press, 2016.
14. Razlozhenie rodovogo stroja i vozniknovenie gosudarstva. – Studopedija, 2015.04.8/1662.
15. Reshmet D. A. K voprosu o prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih v SSSR v nachale 60-h godov HH veka.
16. Rodin S. G. Nesovershennoletnie i zakon // Vestnik. Voronezhskogo jekonomicheskogo instituta. – 2012. –# 1.
17. Sergeenko M. E. Zhizn' Drevnego Rima. Glava vos'maja: Deti // Zhurnal «Neva». – SPb., 2000.
18. Stanskaja A. A. Prostitucija nesovershennoletnih– social'naja i pravovaja problema obshhestva. – M.:Jur. centr. Press, 2013.
19. Shesler A. V. Gruppovaja prestupnost': Kriminologicheskie i ugolovno-pravovye aspekty. Dis. … na soisk. uchen. step. d.ju.n. 12.00.08. – M., 2000.
20. JustDo Voshozhdenie v Gollivude. Kniga (nauchno-publicisticheskaja). Izd. «Ranobje». – Kitaj, 2015.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Roshka M. Ya.
Reasonable time and efficiency of criminal proceedings
This article draws attention to the main gaps in the regulation of reasonable terms of criminal proceedings, which make it difficult for the parties to the criminal process to exercise their rights in terms of compensation for the violated period, determines the circumstances and reasons for the violation of reasonable time limits and determines the role of the court in terms of their observance in the administration of criminal justice business.
Keywords: criminal proceedings, reasonable time, participants in criminal proceedings, compensation, magistrate.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O kompensacii za narushenie prava na sudoproizvodstvo v razumnyj srok ili prava na ispolnenie sudebnogo akta v razumnyj srok» ot 30.04.2010 # 68-FZ (v dejstvujushhej redakcii). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_99919/(data obrashhenija: 01.12.2021).
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s prinjatiem Federal'nogo zakona «O kompensacii za narushenie prava na sudoproizvodstvo v razumnyj srok ili prava na ispolnenie sudebnogo akta v razumnyj srok» ot 30.04.2010 # 69-FZ (v dejstvujushhej redakcii). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_99920/ (data obrashhenija: 01.12.2021).
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O mirovyh sud'jah v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 17.12.1998 # 188-FZ (v dejstvujushhej redakcii). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhimdostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_21335/ (data obrashhenija: 01.12.2021).
4. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (v dejstvujushhej redakcii) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 24.12.2001.- # 52 (ch. I). - St. 4921
5. Bykov V. M. Novyj zakon o razumnom sroke ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Zakonnost'. - 2010. - # 11.- S. 25.
6. <Obzor statisticheskih dannyh o rassmotrenii v Verhovnom Sude Rossijskoj Federacii v 2020 godu administrativnyh, grazhdanskih del, del po razresheniju jekonomicheskih sporov, del ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah i ugolovnyh del.>. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vsrf.ru/documents/statistics/29716/ (data obrashhenija:29.11.2021).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Smolina M. M.
Rights and obligations of the suspect (accused) during the preliminary investigation
The article examines certain rights and obligations of the suspect (accused) during the preliminary investigation. The necessity of fixing the list of duties of the suspect (accused) in Articles 46, 47 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation has been determined. The general and special rights of the suspect (accused), the obligatory participation of the defender.
Keywords: suspect, accused, rights, duties, testimony, defense, petition, recusal.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. Ot 30.04.2021).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34481/
2. Ponomarenko S. I. Problemy realizacii processual'nyh objazannostej podozrevaemogo // Interaktivnaja nauka. - 2016. - # 6. - S. 123-125.
3. Cibart K. S. Narushenie zashhity prav podozrevaemogo na stadii predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija //Nauchnoe obozrenie. Pedagogicheskie nauki. - 2019. -# 4-2. - S. 61-63.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Sukhorukova A. N., Arshinov A. S.
On the issue of the procedural status of a statistician as a participant in criminal proceedings
The article discusses some issues related to the procedural position of a statistician in the course of investigative actions as a participant in criminal proceedings. The problems in legislation related to the absence of a fixed concept of “statistician” in the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation are analyzed. Currently, there is a need for the procedural consolidation of such a person as a participant in the criminal process. The authors analyze the legislation and make proposals to improve the criminal procedure law.
Keyword: participant in criminal proceedings, statistician, other participant.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021, s izm. ot 23.09.2021) // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Andreeva E. Ju., Bykadorova E. V., Polikarpova O.S., Smijuha A. E. Statist: mesto i rol' v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. -2021. - # 1 (193). - S. 158-161.
3. Statist pogib pri sledstvennom jeksperimente //Kommersant". [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4484959 (data obrashhenija: 06.12.2021).
4. Suhorukova A. N. Mesto i rol' statista sredi uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Vestnik Sev-KavGTI. - 2017. - Tom 4 (31). - S. 203.
5. Tolkovyj slovar' Ozhegova. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://slovarozhegova.ru/word.php?wordid=30443 (data obrashhenija: 07.12.2021).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Trubchaninov A. V., Eremin S. G.
Issues of reimbursement of damage caused by fraudulent actions in the sphere of motor insurance
This scientific article shows the ways of compensation for the damage caused by fraudulent actions in the sphere of car insurance.
On the basis of statistics and analysis of judicial and investigative practice the problems of pro-application in the indicated sphere are examined. The variety of available fraudulent schemes used in this sphere has been shown.
Keywords: indemnity, compensation, damage, fraud; fraud in the sphere of motor insurance; civil liability; voluntary compensation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vinnickij L. V., Naguljak M. V. Garantii sobljudenija prav poterpevshih pri prekrashhenii ugolovnogo dela v svjazi s primireniem storon // Aktual'nye problemy ugolovnogo processa i kriminalistiki:materialy IV Mezhdunar. Nauch.-prakt. internet-
konf. (Rossija, Volgograd, 23 maja 2013 g.). - Volgograd, 2013.
2. Skorikov D. G. Osobennosti vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela o prestuplenijah jekstremistskoj napravlennosti // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii.- 2012. - Vypusk 4 (23). - Nauch-metod. zhurnal. – Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2012. - S. 131.
3. Trifonova K. A. Dosudebnoe proizvodstvo po ugolovnomu delu v otnoshenii umershego podozrevaemogo ili obvinjaemogo // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2021. - # 3 (58). - Nauch-metod. zhurnal. - Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2021. - S. 198.
4. Trubchaninov A. V. Osobennosti vozbuzhdenija ugolovnyh del po faktam moshennichestva v sfere strahovanija transportnyh sredstv // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2017. - # 4. - S. 106.
5. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.ru/ (data obrashhenija 19.11.2021).
6. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cbep.ru (data obrashhenija 19.11.21).
7. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.fssprus.ru (data obrashhenija: 19.11.21).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Chasovnikova O. G., Skorikov D. G.
Criminal procedural features of the search for the fugitive accused
The article discusses the criminal procedural features of making procedural decisions in connection with the search for the fugitive accused. The legal regulation of the activities of the person conducting the preliminary investigation needs to change some of the norms of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation. Among the norms that need to be changed, it is necessary to include those that regulate issues related primarily to the procedural terms of suspending the preliminary investigation and the election of a preventive measure. If the preliminary investigation is suspended in connection with the search for the accused before the expiration of the procedural period, it is possible to save the investigation time due to the time when the preliminary investigation is not actually carried out. It is necessary to work out in detail the procedure for considering the issue of choosing a preventive measure in the form of detention
in the absence of a fugitive accused, after his discovery, while it is possible to significantly simplify the work of the person conducting the preliminary investigation to further deliver the accused (suspect) to the place of preliminary investigation. The recommendations of the most effective activity of a person conducting a preliminary investigation to search for a fugitive accused are proposed.
Keywords: search, investigator, accused, preliminary investigation, procedural terms, preventive measure.
Work bibliographic list
1. Skorikov D. G. Osobennosti vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela o prestuplenijah jekstremistskoj napravlennosti // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. 2012. Vyp. 4 (23). Nauch-metod. zhurnal. – Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2012.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Klevtsov M. I., Olovyannikova A. S., Raevskaya V. A.
Specificity of the application of tactical techniques during interrogation
The article discusses the criminal procedural features of making procedural decisions in connection with the search for the fugitive accused. The legal regulation of the activities of the person conducting the preliminary investigation needs to change some of the norms of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation. Among the norms that need to be changed, it is necessary to include those that regulate issues related primarily to the procedural terms of suspending the preliminary investigation and the election of a preventive measure. If the preliminary investigation is suspended in connection with the search for the accused before the expiration of the procedural period, it is possible to save the investigation time due to the time when the preliminary investigation is not actually carried out. It is necessary to work out in detail the procedure for considering the issue of choosing a preventive measure in the form of detention
in the absence of a fugitive accused, after his discovery, while it is possible to significantly simplify the work of the person conducting the preliminary investigation to further deliver the accused (suspect) to the place of preliminary investigation. The recommendations of the most effective activity of a person conducting a preliminary investigation to search for a fugitive accused are proposed.
Keywords: search, investigator, accused, preliminary investigation, procedural terms, preventive measure.
Work bibliographic list
1. Apelljacionnoe postanovlenie Irkutskogo oblastnogo suda po delu # 22-2944/2019 ot 10.10.2019g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/fBFI9EoPFlgu/?regulartxt=taktika+doprosa&regular-case_doc=&regularlawchunkinfo=&regular-date_from=&regular-date_to=&regular-workflow_stage=&regular-area=&regularcourt=&regular-judge=&_=1637347434964&snippet_pos=3206#snippet (data obrashhenija: 19.11.2021).
2. Prigovor # 1-33/2015 ot 14 ijulja 2015 g. po delu #1-33/2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/qsKL0L3ls9Yv/?page=2&regularcourt=&
regular-date_from=&regular-case_doc=&regularlawchunkinfo=&regular-workflow_stage=&regular-date_to=&regular-area=&regular-txt=taktika+doprosa&_=16373
48369542&regular-judge=&snippet_pos=7388#snippet (data obrashhenija: 19.11.2021).
3. Aksenova L.Ju. Takticheskie i psihologicheskie aspekty doprosa // Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. 2019. # 1. S.111-115.
4. Zverev V.O. Sokolov A.B. Ustanovlenie psihologicheskogo kontakta kak organizacionno-takticheskaja osobennost' v dejatel'nosti sledovatelja pri proizvodstve doprosa podozrevaemogo // Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. 2019. # 2. S. 219-223.
5. Prokurova S.F. O znachenii psihologicheskih znanij, navykov i umenij pri provedenii doprosa //Prikladnaja juridicheskaja psihologija. 2019. # 2.S.79-83.
6. Trashkova S.M. Nekotorye psihologicheskie osobennosti provedenija doprosa // Obshhestvo: politika, jekonomika, pravo. 2017. # 1. S. 1-4.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Kozlov V. V.
Requesting information constituting a secret protected by law at the stage of initiation of a criminal case
This article is devoted to interrogation as an investigative action directly related to interpersonal communication. Interrogation tactics are based on the basic principles outlined in our article. During the interrogation, it is necessary to take into account various circumstances, including the interrogation situation, the psychological and physical condition of the interrogated, the interrogation situation and a number of other factors, the role of correct accounting of which is revealed in the course of the study. Depending on the above circumstances, which will become the subject of research.
In addition, this article identifies the errors made by the investigators during the interrogation, and the ways to eliminate them.
Keywords: interrogation, interrogated, truthful testimony, investigative actions, situational features, tactical technique.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bazhanov S.V. Normativnoe pravovoe regulirovanie obrashhenij sotrudnikov operativno-rozysknyh i sledstvennyh organov v kreditno-bankovskie uchrezhdenija pri proverke soobshhenij o nalogovyh prestuplenijah i v hode ih rassledovanija // Bankovskoe pravo. - 2015. - # 5. - S. 45-49.
2. Sidorkin A.I. Praktika primenenija organami vnutrennih del zakonodatel'stva v sfere ohranjaemoj zakonom tajny // Rossijskij sledovatel'. -2015. - # 21. - S. 37-43.
3. Grishmanovskij D.Ju. Bankovskaja tajna i problemy dostupa k nej organov rassledovanija // Antologija nauchnoj mysli: k 10-letiju Rossijskoj akademii pravosudija: sbornik statej. - M., - 2008. - S. 193-197.
4. Evseenko V.E. Tajna v dosudebnyh stadijah ugolovnogo processa: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Krasnodar, 2016.
5. Zenin I. Chto takoe informacija i kak ee zashhishhat'/ I. Zenin, E. Morgunova, V. Poguljaev // Zakon. - 2002.- # 12. - S. 15-19.
6. Zinchenko P.I. Polnomochija pravoohranitel'nyh organov na dostup k svedenijam, sostavljajushhim bankovskuju tajnu: teorija i praktika // Bankovskoe pravo. - 2015. - # 4. - S. 9-15.
7. Papeeva K.O. Nekotorye problemy klassifikacii tajn v Rossijskom ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve //Nauchnyj poisk. - 2014 - # 3.1. - S. 39-44.
8. Podrubilina I.A., Eroshenko A.Ju. Nekotorye aktual'nye voprosy vzaimodejstvija organov predvaritel'nogo sledstvija i doznanija s oblastnymi i municipal'nymi organami upravlenija zdravoohranenija i medicinskimi organizacijami Rostovskoj oblasti //Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2019. - # 12. - S. 67-71.
9. Rud'man D.S. Dostup k bankovskoj tajne organov vnutrennih del // Informacionnoe pravo. - 2012. -# 1 (28). - S. 14-17.
10. Smol'kova I.V. Problemy ohranjaemoj zakonom tajny v ugolovnom processe: dis. ... dokt. jurid.nauk. - Irkutsk, 1998. - 404 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Panenko E. S., Rogava I. G.
On the question of the concept of special medical knowledge in criminal proceedings
The article discusses issues related to the reclamation of information by law enforcement officials, constituting a secret protected by law when checking a crime report. Attention is paid to the legal regime regulating banking secrets, medical secrets, commercial secrets, and pawnshop secrets. The emphasis is placed on the absence of legal means of requesting the specified information by the investigator or inquirer, or on the significant restriction of access to them. By solving the issues under study, according to the author, the expansion of the scope of judicial control at the stage of initiating a criminal case can serve.
Keywords: secret protected by law, verification of a crime report, the stage of initiation of a criminal case, inquiry.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021, s izm. ot 23.09.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF.– 24.12.2001. – # 52 (ch. I). – St. 4921.
2. Aver'janova T. V. Sub"ekty jekspertnoj dejatel'nosti// Vestnik kriminalistiki. – 2001. – # 2.
3. Zakatov A. A., Oropaj Ju. N. Ispol'zovanie nauchno=tehnicheskih sredstv i special'nyh znanij v rassledovanii prestuplenij. – Kiev: RIO MVD USSR, 1980.
4. Klassen N. A. Ispol'zovanie special'nyh znanij pri osushhestvlenii zashhity po ugolovnym delam:dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Cheljabinsk, 2009.
5. Koruhov Ju. G. Pravovye osnovy primenenija nauchno-tehnicheskih sredstv pri rassledovanii prestuplenij. – M.: VJuZI, 1974.
6. Kriminalistika: uchebnik / pod red. N. P. Jablokova. – M.: Jurist, 2001.
7. Kriminalistika: uchebnik dlja vuzov / pod red. R. S. Belkina. 2-e izd. pererab. i dop. – M.: Norma, 2003.
8. Lazareva L. V. Konceptual'nye osnovy ispol'zovanija special'nyh znanij v rossijskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: dis. ... d-ra jurid. nauk. – Vladimir, 2011.
9. Mahov V. N. Ispol'zovanie znanij svedushhih lic pri rassledovanii prestuplenij. – M.: Izd-voRUDN, 2000.
10. Orlov Ju. K. Zakljuchenie jeksperta i ego ocenka po ugolovnym delam. – M.: Jurist, 1995.
11. Oficial'nyj sajt Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: mwd.ru (data obrashhenija:20.09.2021).
12. Oficial'nyj sajt GBU Rostovskoj oblasti «Bjuro sudebno-medicinskoj jekspertizy». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://sme.donpac.ru(data obrashhenija: 21.09.2021).
13. Petruhina A. N. Special'nye znanija kak neobhodimyj jelement zakljuchenija jeksperta v ugolovnom processe // Rossijskij sud'ja. – 2007. – # 8.
14. Sorokotjagin I. N. Special'nye poznanija v rassledovanii prestuplenij. – Rostov n/D.: Izd-vo Rost. un-ta, 1984.
15. Shikanov V. I. Problemy ispol'zovanija special'nyh znanij i nauchno-tehnicheskih novshestv v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: avtoref. dis. … dokt.jurid. nauk. – M., 1980.
16. Jejsman A. A. Zakljuchenie jeksperta (Struktura i nauchnoe obosnovanie). – M.: Jurid. lit., 1967.
17. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki (data obrashhenija: 21.09.2021).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V., Zharko N. V.
Operational investigative support of a criminal case at the pre-trial stages of criminal proceedings
Аchieving the purpose of criminal proceedings is impossible without using the special knowledge of knowledgeable persons, since in the process of investigating and solving crimes, questions from other areas of knowledge often arise. In particular, when investigating crimes against a person (namely, against life, health, sexual freedom and sexual inviolability), it is necessary to turn to special medical knowledge, which will make it possible to establish certain circumstances of the crime. However, the legislator does not disclose the concept of special knowledge and does not name the criteria by which this or that knowledge should be classified as special, which led to then to the emergent of different points of viesh. In this connection, the authors made an attempt on the basis of the analysis of the general category of “special knowledge” to give a definition of special medical knowledge.
Keywords: criminal proceedings, special knowledge, specialist, expert, medical knowledge.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti» ot 12.08.1995 # 144-FZ.
2. Prikaz Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii, Ministerstva oborony Rossijskoj Federacii, Federal'noj sluzhby bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii, Federal'noj sluzhby ohrany Rossijskoj Federacii, Federal'noj tamozhennoj sluzhby, Sluzhby vneshnej razvedki Rossijskoj Federacii, Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij, Federal'noj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii po kontrolju za oborotom narkotikov, Sledstvennogo komiteta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27 sentjabrja 2013 g. # 776/703/509/507/1820/42/535/398/68 g. Moskva.
3. Bastrygin A. S. Organizacionno-takticheskie aspekty vzaimodejstvija uchastnikov-chlenov sledstvenno-operativnoj gruppy v raskrytii i rassledovanii mnogojepizodnyh slozhnyh gruppovyh prestuplenij // Nauchnyj zhurnal KubGAU – Scientific Journal of KubSAU. - 2017. - # 127. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/organizatsionno-takticheskie-aspektyvzaimodeystviya-uchastnikov-chlenov-sledstvennooperativnoy-gruppy-v-raskrytii-i-rassledovanii (data obrashhenija: 14.11.2021).
4. Volosjuk P. V. Problemy ispol'zovanija rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Juridicheskaja nauka.- 2013. - # 1. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problemyispolzovaniya-rezultatov-operativno-rozysknoydeyatelnosti-v-ugolovnom-sudoproizvodstve (data obrashhenija: 14.11.2021).
5. Markushin A. G. Operativno-rozysknaja dejatel'nost' v raskrytii i rassledovanii prestuplenij.- N. Novgorod: Nizhegorodskaja akademija MVD Rossii, 2010.
6. Markushin A. G. Processual'nyj status sub"ektov operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti // Vestnik NNGU. - 2013. - #3-2. - S. 136-139.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Udovichenko V. S.
Participants in criminal proceedings with an uncertain procedural status
The article examines the issues of providing operational information of a criminal case at the pre-trial stages of criminal proceedings.
The analysis of the interaction between the operational-search and investigative units shows the incompleteness of the regulation of the criminal procedural status of an employee of the ORD body. The participation of an operative in the criminal process on a legal basis will effectively affect the use of the results of the ORD as evidence in a criminal case.
Keywords: initiation of a criminal case, means of providing a criminal case with operational information, status of an operational officer.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vasil'eva O. M. Statist kak uchastnik ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Gosudarstvo i pravo (Aktual'nye problemy sovremennosti): Materialy mezhvuzovskoj nauchno- prakticheskoj konferencii posvjashhennoj 35-letiju Rossijskoj pravovoj akademii Ministerstva justicii Rossijskoj Federacii. Izhevsk, 24-25 nojabrja 2005 g. – M.: IJuI MJu RF, 2006.
2. Gladysheva O., Solonnikova N. Nesovershennoletnie zajaviteli o prestuplenii // Zakonnost'. – 2008. – # 8.
3. Mihajlenko A. R. Vozbuzhdenie ugolovnogo dela v sovetskom ugolovnom processe. – Saratov, 1975.
4. Ryzhakov A. P. Predvaritel'noe rassledovanie, 2013 g.[Jelektronnyj resurs] – 2021. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34481/.(data obrashhenija: 24.09.2021).
5. Chuvilev A. A. Institut podozrevaemogo v sovetskom ugolovnom processe: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 1968.
6. Shadrin V. S. Obespechenie prav lichnosti pri rassledovanii prestuplenij. – Volgograd, 1997.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Khromenkov I. R.
Refusal of the court to place the accused in custody:analysis of the causes and consequences
The article is devoted to the problems of granting and exercising the rights and obligations of a number of persons who do not have the procedural status of participants in criminal proceedings. The article deals with the problem of the applicant’s lack of procedural status. The analysis of the legal status of an eyewitness to a crime as a participant in criminal proceedings is carried out. The issue of ensuring the rights of the person in respect of whom the crime report is being checked is being studied. The rights and obligations of the statistician involved in identification are considered. The author made an attempt to determine the moment when the procedural status of the named persons appeared. The article names the rights of these persons and formulates conclusions on their inalienability.
Keywords: applicant, suspect, extra, participants in criminal proceedings, procedural status.
Work bibliographic list
1. Makogon A. A. Oshibki sudej pri rassmotrenii hodatajstv o zakljuchenii pod strazhu // Ugolovnyj process. – 2019. – # 7. – S. 76-80.
2. Cheremisina T. V. Kogda sudy otkazyvajut sledovateljam v izbranii mer presechenija // Ugolovnyj process. – 2021. – # 11. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://e.ugpr.ru/927757 (data obrashhenija:13.12.2021).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Gadadov I. S.
Problems of admissibility of evidence in criminal proceedings
The article analyzes the reasons and consequences of the courts’ decisions to refuse to choose a preventive measure in the form of detention. The author concludes that the adoption by the courts of decisions to refuse to detain the accused is determined not only by investigative, but also by judicial errors. The results of the judicial review on appeal of the court’s decision to refuse to arrest the accused is significantly influenced by a legally significant circumstance that is subject to study and assessment by the higher court: the behavior of the person involved in the criminal case within the framework of another measure of restraint chosen by the investigator or the court.
Keywords: appellate court; appeal; detention; preventive measure; court; pre-trial proceedings; criminal case.
Work bibliographic list
1. Davletov A. A. Osnovy ugolovno-processual'nogo poznanija. – Ekaterinburg, 1997.
2. Zolotyh V. V. Proverka dopustimosti dokazatel'stv v ugolovnom processe. – Rostov-na-Donu, 1999.
3. Lazareva V. A. Dokazyvanie v ugolovnom processe:uchebno-praktich. posobie. – M., 2010.
4. Mihajlovskaja I. B. Nastol'naja kniga sud'i po dokazyvaniju v ugolovnom processe. – M., 2008.
5. Tolmosov V. I. Problemy dopustimosti dokazatel'stv na dosudebnyh stadijah rossijskogo ugolovnogo processa. – Samara, 2002.
6. Shejfer S. A. Sushhnost' i sposoby sobiranija dokazatel'stv v sovetskom ugolovnom processe. – M.,1972.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Asadov V. V.
Characteristics of conditionally convicted persons registered with the criminal executive inspections
This article deals with the problems of criminal proceedings in the Russian Federation in terms of admissibility of evidence. It deals with the issue of evaluative characteristics of evidence in terms of its admissibility and credibility, as well as the objective perception of evidence by participants in criminal proceedings.
Keywords: evidence in criminal proceedings, admissibility of evidence, rules of admissibility of evidence, violation of the law of criminal procedure, asymmetry of rules of admissibility of evidence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Mery ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti, ne svjazannye s izoljaciej ot obshhestva: posobie dlja sotrudnikov ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij / Pod. red. V.A. Utkin. - M., 2002. - S. 66.
2. Mihlin A. S. Rol' social'nyh i demograficheskih svojstv lichnosti osuzhdennyh. - M., 1970.
3. O Koncepcii razvitija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2030 goda: Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29 aprelja 2021 g. # 1138-r. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru(data obrashhenija: 10.10.2021).
4. Obshhaja harakteristika osuzhdennyh (po materialam kontrol'noj perepisi osuzhdennyh 1994 g.) /Pod red. P. G. Mishhenkova. - M., 1996.
5. Oficial'nyj sajt Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fsin.gov.ru (data obrashhenija:10.10.2021).
6. Harakteristika lic, sostojashhih na uchete v ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcijah // Oficial'nyj sajt Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fsin.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 10.10.2021).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Kiyko N. V., Bogdanov M. N., Oskolkov A. V.
Public control over the activities of the penitentiary system of the Republic of Belarus
The article discusses the main characteristics of the personality of conditionally convicted persons who are registered with the criminal executive inspections. The author of the article analyzes the distribution of probationers by sex depending on age, by sex depending on occupation, by sex depending on marital status, by sex depending on the level of education, and also determines the significance of the personality of the convicted person in the process of serving a sentence.
Keywords: penal enforcement inspections, prevention of repeated crimes, probationers, the identity of the probationer.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bjulleten' Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka.- 2020. - # 8 (218).
2. Vseob"emljushhie strategii preduprezhdenija prestupnosti v interesah social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://undocs.org/pdf?symbol=ru/A/CONF.234/4. –(data obrashhenija: 23.11.2021).
3. Dohinskaja deklaracija o vkljuchenii voprosov preduprezhdenija prestupnosti i ugolovnogo pravosudija v bolee shirokuju povestku dnja Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij v celjah reshenija social'nyh i jekonomicheskih problem i sodejstvija obespecheniju
verhovenstva prava na nacional'nom i mezhdunarodnom urovnjah, a takzhe uchastiju obshhestvennosti: odobrena Rezoljuciej General'noj Assamblei OON # 70/174 ot 17 dekabrja 2015 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.unodc.org/documents/congress/Declaration/V1504153_Russian.pdf. – (data obrashhenija: 23.11.2021).
4. Kijko N. V. Obshhestvennyj kontrol' kak forma uchastija grazhdan v dejatel'nosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // Vestnik Akademii MVD Respubliki Belarus'. - 2021. - # 1. - S. 107-113.
5. Kiotskaja deklaracija «Aktivizacija mer preduprezhdenija prestupnosti, ugolovnogo pravosudija i obespechenija verhovenstva prava: navstrechu osushhestvleniju Povestki dnja v oblasti ustojchivogo razvitija na period do 2030 goda». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.unodc.org/documents/commissions/Congress/Kyoto_Declaration_booklet/21-02817_Kyoto_Declaration_ebook_R.pdf –(data obrashhenija: 23.11.2021).
6. Kratkij obzor «Global'nye trendy v tjuremnoj sisteme. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Re-
zhim dostupa: https://cdn.penalreform.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Global-Prison-Trends-
2020-RUSSIAN.pdf –(data obrashhenija: 23.11.2021).
7. Mezhdunarodnyj pakt o grazhdanskih i politicheskih pravah. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/pactpol.shtml. –(data obrashhenija:23.11.2021).
8. Minimal'nye standartnye pravila obrashhenija s zakljuchennymi, prinjaty na pervom Kongresse OON po preduprezhdeniju prestupnosti i obrashheniju s pravonarushiteljami v 1955 godu [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/ documents/decl_conv/conventions/prison.shtml. – (data obrashhenija: 23.11.2021).
9. Minimal'nye standartnye pravila OON v otnoshenii obrashhenija s zakljuchennymi (Pravila Nel'sona Mandely). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa:http://www.unodc.org/documents/justice-and-prisonreform/SMRbrochures/UN_Standard_Minimum_Rules_for_the_Treatment_of_Prisoners_the_Nelson_Mandela_Rules-R.pdf. –(data obrashhenija: 23.11.2021).
10. Seliverstov V.I. Sokrashhenie chislennosti osuzhdennyh v mestah lishenija svobody: dostizhenie ili vyzov dlja ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // V Mezhdunarodnyj penitenciarnyj forum «Prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie» (priurochennyj k provedeniju v 2021 godu v Rossijskoj Federacii Goda nauki i tehnologij): sb. tez. vystup. i dokl. uchastnikov (g. Rjazan', 17-19 nojab. 2021 g.): v 9 t. - Rjazan': Akademija FSIN Rossii, 2021. T. 1: Materialy plenarnogo zasedanija. - 2021. - 318 s.
11. Sudebnaja sistema i mesta lishenija svobody: na puti k dostizheniju evropejskih standartov:svodnyj otchet / Sost. N. Saitmuratova, S. Zhjulet. - Almaty: Cecoforma, 2009. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.nauka.x-pdf.ru/17raznoe/592617-3-evropeyskiy-soyuz-kazahstanseminar-predstaviteley-grazhdanskogo-obschestvapravam-
cheloveka-sudebnaya-sistema-mesta-lish.php.–(data obrashhenija: 23.11.2021).
12. United Nation. Office on Drugs and Crime. Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Reform Resources. Prison Reform. UN Common Position on Incarceration.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/justice-and-prison-reform/cpcj-tools-prison-reform.html. –(data obrashhenija:23.11.2021).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Useev R. Z.
Acts of application of law in the execution of punishment in the form of deprivation of liberty: types, forms, expression in the text of penal enforcement legislation of the Russian Federation
The article analyzes the procedure for exercising public control over the activities of institutions of the penal system in force in the Republic of Belarus. It is noted that the importance of public participation in the activities of the penitentiary system, including control over ensuring the order of serving sentences, compliance with the legal status of persons in isolation, is reflected in international standards and acts in the field of human rights and the administration of justice. In Belarus, representatives of the public take part in the activities of the penitentiary system by helping to rehabilitate convicts and re-socializing those who have served their sentences, as well as exercising control over ensuring compliance with the requirements of the law, exercising the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of persons in penitentiary institutions. Taking into account the investigated powers of supervisory commissions and commissions for juvenile affairs, specific proposals have been formulated to improve the institution under consideration.
Keywords: punishment, progressive system, international standards, UN, public control, legal status, supervisory commissions, juvenile commissions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grigor'ev F. A. Akty primenenija norm sovetskogo prava kak raznovidnost' juridicheskih aktov socialisticheskogo gosudarstva // Voprosy teorii gosudarstva i prava. Sbornik statej. – Saratov: Sarat. jurid. in-t, 1971, Vyp. 2. – S. 140-165.
2. Kvasha Ju. F., Mihlin A. S. Zlostnye narushiteli rezhima v ITK: uchebnoe posobie. – Rjazan': RVSh MVD SSSR, 1982. – 92 c.
3. Marchenko M. N. Problemy teorii gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik. – M.: TK Velbi, Izd-vo Prospekt, 2007. – 768 c.
4. Matuzov N. I., Mal'ko A. V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik. – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.:Jurist, 2009. – 541 s.
5. Pinchuk V. I. Akty primenenija prava v ispravitel'no-trudovyh uchrezhdenijah: uchebnoe posobie. –Rjazan': RVSh MVD SSSR, 1977. – 58 s.
6. Rossijskij kurs ugolovno-ispolnitel'nogo prava. V 2-h t. T. 1. Obshhaja chast': uchebnik / E. A. Antonjan, Ju. M. Antonjan, S. A. Borsuchenko i dr.; pod red. V. E. Jeminova, V. N. Orlova. – M.: MGJuA im. O. E. Kutafina; OOO «Jelit», 2012. – 696 s.
7. Juzhanin V. E. Mery presechenija narushenij rezhima v ITU: ucheb. posobie. – Rjazan', 1987. – 71 s.

JUDICIARY
Kusharova M. P., Pavlov A. A.
The principle of independence of judges and its legal regulation
The article deals with certain problems of law enforcement in correctional institutions, which in recent decades have not received proper study and research.
Acts of application of law in the structure of penal relations play a significant role in the process of execution of the sentence of deprivation of liberty. They document legal facts. In the context of the activities of correctional institutions (to document the established procedure for serving a sentence (regime) and the application of disciplinary measures to convicts), they should be classified into two groups: acts of application of the right of operational and executive, as well as protective and encouraging nature. The inclusion in the penal legislation of the Russian Federation of the types, forms and textual expressions of acts of application of law does not always contribute to the uniformity of their application in the practical activities of correctional institutions, minimizes the role and significance of penal relations, leads to violations of the law, etc.
The author proposes a number of measures aimed at increasing the role and importance of acts of law in the activities of correctional institutions.
Keywords: criminal and executive legal relationship, act of application of the right, legal personality, law-enforcement activity, corrective establishment, resolution, order, permission.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 #7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 # 11-FKZ.
2. Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj zakon ot 31 dekabrja 1996 g. # 1-FKZ «O sudebnoj sisteme Rossijskoj Federacii» (red. ot 29.07.2018).
3. Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj «O statuse sudej v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 26.06.1992 # 3132-1 (red. ot 02.08.2019).
4. Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj zakon «O statuse sudej v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 26.06.1992 #31321 (red. ot 02.08.2019).
5. O federal'noj celevoj programme «Razvitie sudebnoj sistemy Rossii na 2007 – 2012 gody»: Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 21 sentjabrja 2006 # 583.
6. Ob utverzhdenii Koncepcii federal'noj celevoj programmy: «Razvitie sudebnoj sistemy Rossii na 2013 – 2020 gody»: Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 20.09.2012 g. # 1735-r // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. — 2012. — # 40. — St. 5474; Postanovlenie
Pravitel'stva RF ot 27.12.2012 # 1406.
7. Ob utverzhdenii Koncepcii federal'noj celevoj programmy: «Razvitie sudebnoj sistemy Rossii na 2013 – 2020 gody»: Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 20.09.2012 g. # 1735-r // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2012. – # 40. – St. 5474.
8. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 07.03.1996 # 6-P «Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti punkta 3 stat'i 16 Zakona Rossijskoj Federacii «O statuse sudej v Rossijskoj Federacii» v svjazi s zhalobami grazhdan R. I. Muhametshina i A. V. Barbasha».
9. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 27.12.2012 # 1406.
10. Aleshina V. I., Gadzhiev G. A // Samostojatel'nost' sudebnoj vlasti // Obshhestvennye nauki i sovremennost'. – 2006. – # 6. – S. 8.
11. Asadulaeva D. H. Institut otvoda sud'i kak processual'naja garantija principa nezavisimosti sudej// Vestnik Dagestanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 3: Obshhestvennye nauki, 2011.
12. Voskanjan M. O nekotoryh problemah, svjazannyh s osnovanijami otvoda sud'i v pervoj i apelljacionnoj instancii v sude obshhej jurisdikcii po grazhdanskim delam / Soiskatel' uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk Rossijskoj akademii pravosudija, g. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskij.
13. Kiseljov A. Otvod sud'e: chem obosnovat'? 13 ijulja 2020. 8314. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.law.ru/blog/22468--otvod-sude-chemobos#ovat-.
14. Morshhakova T. G. Rossijskoe pravosudie v kontekste sudebnoj reformy / nezavisimyj jekspertno-pravovoj sovet. – M.: R. Valent, 2004. – 26 s.
15. Nohrin D. G. Nezavisimost' sudebnoj vlasti v Rossii: doktrinal'nye podhody i rol' Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii v ee ukreplenii //Juridicheskie issledovanija. – 2017. – # 7. – S. 1 - 29.DOI: 10.25136/2409-7136.2017.7.19633. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://#bpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=19633.
16. Pavlovskij G. Pravosudie –bor'ba s korrupciej v sudah // Slovar' tekushhej politiki. –M., 2006.–[Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://politike.ru/dictio#ary/785/word/pravosudie-borba-skorupciei-v-sudah (data obrashhenija: 03.10.2018). Zagl. s jekrana.
17. Pravoohranitel'nye i sudebnye organy Rossii:Uchebnik / Pod red. N. A. Petuhova i A. S. Mamykina; 3-e izd., per. i dop. –M.: RGUP, 2015.
18. Shelomanova L. V. Pravovye sredstva obespechenija i realizacii principa nezavisimosti sudej v grazhdanskom processe // Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta MVD Rossii. –2017. –# 4. – S. 46-50.

CRIMINALISTICS
Gladkikh I. N., Sigerich M. Ya.
Machine-readable documents as an object of technical and forensic examination of documents
The article deals with the issues of compliance with the principle of independence of judges, factors affecting its implementation by courts of all levels of the judicial system of the Russian Federation, its role and significance in the administration of justice. The article considers statistics on the authority and prestige of the judiciary among the population, examines legal guarantees of compliance with the principle of independence and some problems of the judicial system related to the independence of the judiciary.
Keywords: the principle of independence of judges, administration of justice, subordination to the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the Law, legal guarantees.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aver'janova T. V. Sudebnaja jekspertiza. Kurs obshhej teorii. – M.: Norma, 2009.
2. Bobovkin M. V., Protkin A. A. Kriminalisticheskoe issledovanie dokumentov. – M., 2014.
3. Zadorov A. G. Harakteristika material'nyh sledov - nositelej informacii ob obstojatel'stvah izgotovlenija podlozhnyh dokumentov // Altajskij juridicheskij vestnik. – 2019. – # 2 (26). – S. 114-118.
4. Ljapichev V. E., Dosova A. V., Zadorov A. G. Ispol'zovanie special'nyh znanij pri sbore informacii v processe rassledovanija prestuplenij, svjazannyh s izgotovleniem poddel'nyh dokumentov // Sudebnaja jekspertiza. – 2016. – # 2 (46). – S. 106-114.
5. Rossinskaja E. R. Sudebnaja jekspertiza v grazhdanskom, arbitrazhnom, administrativnom i ugolovnom processe. – M.: Norma, 2005.
6. Ljapichev E. V., Shvedova N. N. Tehniko-kriminalisticheskoe issledovanie dokumentov: uchebnik. – Volgograd, 2015.7.
Skripchenko A. V. Tehniko-kriminalisticheskaja jekspertiza dokumentov: uchebnik. Chast' 1. – Sankt-Peterburg, 2014.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Machikhina A. E., Gulyan I. N.
Possibilities of restoring the content of extinct details of cash register receipts
The article discusses the possibility of using non-destructive methods of technical and forensic examination of documents to restore the content of extinct cash register receipts using the example of two groups of objects. The relevance of identifying invisible texts and the use of modern equipment to solve the assigned tasks.
Keywords: technical and forensic examination of documents, faded text, non-destructive research method, the use of light filters.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O primenenii kontrol'no-kassovoj tehniki pri osushhestvlenii raschetov v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 22.05.2003 # 54-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Kriminalisticheskoe issledovanie dokumentov: uchebnoe posobie. / Pod red. d-ra jurid. nauk. prof. M. V.Bobovkina, k.ju.n., doc. A. A. Protkina. - 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: DGSK MVD Rossii, 2014. – 216 s.
3. Kazakova S. E. Varianty tehnicheskoj jekspertizy dokumentov v kriminalistike. – LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Saarbrucken, Deutschland. – Germanija, 2014.– S. 5.
4. Ljapichev V. E., Dosova A. V. Pravovye i kriminalisticheskie aspekty kompleksnogo kriminalisticheskogo issledovanija dokumentov s izmenennymi rekvizitami: ucheb. metod. posobie. – Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2015. – 124 s.
5. Sapozhnikov K. S., Shnajder A. A. Krimnavigator: osnovnye terminy i ponjatija kriminalisticheskoj tehniki i sudebnoj jekspertizy // Kriminalisticheskoj dokumentovedenie. Serija 5. – Volgograd, 2008.
6. Jekspertiza dokumentov: uchebnik / T 38 pod red. V. E. Ljapicheva, N. N. Shvedovoj. – 2-e izd., stereo-tip. –Volgograd: VA MVD Rossii, 2013. – 268 s.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Kurbatova G. V., Ananjeva E. O.
Prevention of criminal procedures against employees of criminal-executive system
The article discusses issues related to preventive and preventive activities aimed at preventing criminal encroachments by convicts and other persons held in institutions of the penal system against the staff and employees of these institutions, analyzes the available statistical information, makes proposals to improve the above activities.
Keywords: prevention, institutions of the penal system, employees, personnel, convicts.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonjan Ju. M. Lichnost' prestupnika i ispravlenie osuzhdennyh // Vestnik RGGU. Serija: jekonomika, upravlenie, pravo. - 2019. - # 2. - S. 119-124.
2. Emel'janova A. G. Prestuplenija protiv personala uchrezhdenij, ispolnjajushhih nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody: postanovka problemy // Pravo i praktika. - 2020. - S. 132-136.
3. Oficial'nyj sajt FSIN Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fsin.gov.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 24.03.2021).
4. Suharev S. N. Profilaktika nasil'stvennoj prestupnosti v otnoshenii personala ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij // Vestnik Samarskogo juridicheskogo instituta. - 2020. - # 1. - S. 76-80.
5. Hohrin S. A. Latentnost' kak faktor penitenciarnoj prestupnosti // European journal of law and political sciences. - 2016. - # 1. - S. 74-75.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Prikhodko N. Yu.
Criminological characteristics of the causes and conditions of committing crimes and other offenses at transport facilities and transport infrastructure
The author presents a brief criminological description of the commission of transport crimes at the present stage through the prism of explaining the causes and conditions of crime; examines the theoretical concepts of causes and conditions, as well as criminogenic factors as a phenomenon, using the phenomenological and non-phenomenological levels of description and study of crime.
Keywords: causes and conditions of committing transport crimes, criminology, determinism, criminogenic factor, water, air, railway, automobile transport, internal affairs bodies, transport security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kriminologija. Vvedenie v osnovy: Perevod s nemeckogo / Kajzer G.; Otv. red.: Skvorcov K. F.;Per.: Balakina V. D. – M.: Jurid. lit., 1979. – 319 c.
2. Antonjan Ju. M. Kriminologija: izbrannye lekcii. – M.: Logos, 2004. – 447 s.
3. Antonjan Ju. M. Nauka kriminologija. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2015. – 374 s.
4. Luneev V. V. Kriminologija: uchebnik dlja bakalavrov: uchebnik dlja studentov vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij, obuchajushhihsja po juridicheskim napravlenijam i special'nostjam / In-t gosudarstva i prava Rossijskoj akad. nauk. – M.: Jurajt, 2013.– 686 s.
5. Prihod'ko N. Ju. Preduprezhdenie organami vnutrennih del kontrabandy na zheleznodorozhnom transporte: dis. ... kandidata juridicheskih nauk:12.00.08; [Mesto zashhity: AU MVD RF]. – M., 2015.– 214 s.
6. Prihod'ko N. Ju. Prichinnyj kompleks sovershenija kontrabandy na zheleznodorozhnom transporte // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2017. –# 4 (107). – S. 215-216.
7. Trofimov D. A. Pravovye i organizacionnye osnovy dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del po obespecheniju pravoporjadka na ob"ektah zheleznodorozhnogo transporta: avtoreferat dis. ... kandidata juridicheskih nauk: 12.00.11; [Mesto zashhity: Akad. upr. MVD RF]. – M., 2018. – 24 s.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Fedorov A. F.
On the influence of the policy of humanization of criminal legislation on the state of recidivism
The issues related to the practice of the appointment and execution of criminal penalties over the past ten years are being investigated.
Based on a detailed study of sentences against persons who have previously committed crimes, the author comes to the conclusion that the current policy in the country aimed at humanizing criminal legislation has led to a significant reduction in the number of convicts in places of deprivation of liberty. At the same time, it, along with other reasons, contributed to the increase in the number of criminals with already existing criminal experience.
Keywords: recidivism, the principle of humanism, the causes of crime, judicial practice.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kratkaja harakteristika sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii za janvar'-dekabr' 2020 goda.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.rf/reports/item/22678184/ (data obrashhenija: 01.11.2021).
2. Kratkaja harakteristika ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fsin.gov.ru/structure/inspector/iao/statistika/Kratkaya har-ka UIS (data obrashhenija: 01.11.2021).
3. Minjust: menee chem za god chislo zakljuchennyh v Rossii snizilos' na 230 000 chelovek. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vedomosti.ru/library/news/2011/09/21/minyust_menee_chem_za_god_chislo_zaklyuchennyh_v_rossii (data obrashhenija:01.11.2021).
4. O praktike realizacii territorial'nymi organami MVD Rossii polnomochij po osushhestvleniju administrativnogo nadzora za licami, osvobozhdennymi iz mest lishenija svobody, a takzhe polozhitel'nom opyte raboty v dannom napravlenii.- M.: GUOOOP MVD Rossii, 2021.
5. Poslanie Prezidenta RF Dmitrija Medvedeva Federal'nomu Sobraniju Rossijskoj Federacii: Poslanie Prezidenta RF Federal'nomu Sobraniju RF ot 12.11.2009. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
6. Poslanie Prezidenta RF Dmitrija Medvedeva Federal'nomu Sobraniju Rossijskoj Federacii: Poslanie Prezidenta RF Federal'nomu Sobraniju RF ot 30.11.2010. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Fetishcheva L. M., Ganzhin E. V.
Criminal executive inspectorates as subjects of prevention of repeated crimes and other offenses
The article discusses the main areas of activity of criminal executive inspectorates, as subjects of the prevention of repeated crimes and other offenses, considers the experience of the criminal executive inspection of the Main Directorate of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia in the Perm Territory in this area. The conclusion is made about the need for instructions on the implementation of preventive activities of criminal enforcement inspections, in order to ensure normal functioning in the field of prevention of repeated crimes and other offenses.
Keywords: prevention, repeated crimes, offenses, penal inspections, convicts.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ob osnovah sistemy profilaktiki pravonarushenij v Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 23.06.2016 # 182-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 27.06.2016. # 26 (Chast' I). St. 3851.
2. Ob utverzhdenii Instrukcii po profilaktike pravonarushenij sredi lic, soderzhashhihsja v uchrezhdenijah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy:Prikaz Ministerstva justicii RF ot 20.05.2013 # 72 // Zaregistrirovano v Minjuste RF 27 maja 2013 g. Registracionnyj # 28535
3. Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija ob ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcijah i normativa ih shtatnoj chislennosti: Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 16.06.1997 # 729 (red. ot 23.04.2012) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 23.06.1997. # 25. St. 2947.
4. Kratkaja harakteristika ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Permskogo kraja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://59.fsin.gov.ru/ kharakteristika-uis-prikamya.phpOshibka! Nedopustimyj ob"ekt giperssylki.(data obrashhenija: 15.11.2021).
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Brykov D. A.
The current state of labor adaptation of employees of the penal system
The article defines some problems of the organization of work with the personnel of the penal system. The analysis of the current state of personnel management of the penal system is carried out. A number of applied and organizational measures are given to improve certain areas of personnel work in the UIS. The procedure for improving career guidance and attracting candidates to the service is described. Measures are proposed to improve the efficiency of the methods of selection and adaptation of employees of the UIS.
Keywords: personnel apparatuses, organization of work with personnel, recruitment of UIS employees, adaptation of personnel.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dolinin A. Ju., Brykov D. A. Sovershenstvovanie sistemy delovoj ocenki personala ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. - 2015. - # 4. - S. 65-68.
2. Ogorodnikov V. I., Dolinin A. Ju. Organizacija i specifika kontrolja sluzhebnoj dejatel'nosti sotrudnikov UIS // Prikladnaja juridicheskaja psihologija. - 2008. - # 4. - S. 129-132.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Mamleeva D. R.
Organizational and legal bases of activity of territorial bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
The article is devoted to the study of the organizational foundations of management in the field of internal affairs. The organizational structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, the police, and its apparatuses, depending on the territorial structure of the state, is revealed. In the scientific article, the author focuses on the reform of the organization as a whole of the entire internal affairs management system.
Keywords: The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, the police, the central office, the main directorate, the system, the regional level, territorial enforcement, security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 01 marta 2011 goda # 248 «Voprosy Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii» (vmeste s «Polozheniem o Ministerstve vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii») // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. -2011. - # 10. - St. 1334.
2. Celih A. L., Mahina S. N. Voprosy kompetencii v dejatel'nosti policii po obespecheniju transportnoj bezopasnosti // Problemy pravoohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti. – 2019. – # 1. – S. 23-27.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Polikarpov D. I., Gabdullin T. R., Kulesh E. A.
On the issue of the development of regulatory and legal regulation of the activities of district police commissioners
The article provides a comparative analysis of the regulatory framework for organizing the activities of district police commissioners, analyzes the latest changes in legislation regulating the activities of the district police commissioner. In the course of the study, the authors came to the conclusion that the main activities of the district police commissioner and the forms of service reflect the daily work of the district police commissioner not only as a person identifying administrative offenses and solving crimes, but also making a significant contribution to the preventive activities of the police in cooperation with all state subjects of prevention.
Keywords: precinct police commissioner, forms of service, development of subdivisions of precinct police commissioners.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 29.03.2019 # 205 «O nesenii sluzhby uchastkovym upolnomochennym policii na obsluzhivaemom administrativnom uchastke i organizacii jetoj dejatel'nosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.pravo.gov.ru, # 0001201907040017.
2. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 31.12.2012 # 1166 «Voprosy organizacii dejatel'nosti uchastkovyh upolnomochennyh policii» (utratil silu) // – Programma informacionnoj podderzhki rossijskoj nauki i obrazovanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru.
3. Ananiev A. A. Organy vnutrennih del v processe dekriminalizacii jekonomicheskih otnoshenij //Sledstvennaja dejatel'nost': nastojashhee i budushhee:Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Krasnodar, 10 ijulja 2018 goda. - Krasnodar: OOO «Periskop-Volga», 2018. - S. 5-7.
4. Bathaev V. V., Pestov R. A. Maskirovka kak sposob vypolnenija operativno-sluzhebnyh zadach, stojashhih pered OVD // Sbornik nauchnyh trudov vuzovskogo seminara: Dejatel'nost' pravoohranitel'nyh organov v sisteme protivodejstvija sovremennym ugrozam. Moskovskij universitet MVD Rossii imeni V. Ja. Kikotja, 2017. - S. 462-468.
5. Grishakov A. G. Administrativnaja dejatel'nost' uchastkovogo upolnomochennogo policii na territorii obsluzhivaemogo uchastka. - Barnaul: Federal'noe  gosudarstvennoe kazennoe obrazovatel'noe uchrezhdenie vysshego professional'nogo obrazovanija «Barnaul'skij juridicheskij institut Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii», 2020. - 59 s.
6. Kataev D. A. Pravovaja osnova organizacii ispolnenija uchastkovym upolnomochennym policii sluzhebnyh objazannostej na obsluzhivaemom administrativnom uchastke v sovremennyh uslovijah // Konstitucionnoe i administrativnoe pravo: problemy sovershenstvovanija publichnoj vlasti: Sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Rostov-na-Donu, 12 dekabrja 2019 goda / Otv. red.: A. N. Osjak, Ju. V. Kapranova. - Rostov-na-Donu: Rostovskij juridicheskij institut Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii, 2019. - S. 157-162.
7. Polikarpov D. I., Sokolov V. A., Brovko N. V. «Organizacija dejatel'nosti uchastkovyh upolnomochennyh policii v zhilom sektore po preduprezhdeniju terroristicheskoj ugrozy i jekstremistskih projavlenij»// Jurist"-Pravoved". - 2019. - # 3 (90). - S. 118-125.
8. Rydchenko K. D., Pestov R. A. «Detskij komendantskij chas» po regional'nomu zakonodatel'stvu Voronezhskoj i Rostovskoj oblastej: problemy i perspekti-vy pravovogo regulirovanija // Jurist"-Pravoved". -2014. - # 2 (63). - S. 53-58.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Gardanov A. R., Yumaguzhina A. M., Salimshin I. L.
Legal field of privacy in social networks
The impact of the Internet on society is extremely great, while the scale of this transformation is still underestimated. In the virtual environment, the formation and expansion of the legal framework of its functioning is taking place, but the laws adopted sometimes do not have a real practical implementation or are not enforced at all. It is a common practice when people on social networks are exposed to violations of their privacy. In modern conditions, confidentiality as a property of security in the virtual space acquires a new content and understanding. In the Internet space, information can be a commodity that is not always subject to legal exchange, sale, etc. under certain conditions. Therefore, in order to avoid negative consequences, it is very important to study and monitor privacy issues on an ongoing basis within the legal framework of the functioning of social networks.
Keywords: privacy, legal awareness, internet, social network, law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dovlatova A.M. Pravovaja zashhita akkauntov v social'nyh setjah: osnovnye tendencii i vozmozhnosti //TheScientificHeritage. Pravo. 2020.
2. Muronec, O. V. Kontent social'nyh setej: tendencii i zakonomernosti // Mediaskop. 2015. # 3.
3. Perchatkina S.A., Cheremisinova M.E., Cirin A.M.,Cirina M.A., Comartova F.V. Social'nye internet-seti: pravovye aspekty // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. Pravo. 2012.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Prokofjev M. V.
The fight against international terrorism during the spread of coronavirus infection
The article examines the features of terrorist activity during the spread of the COVID-19 virus. The author comes to the conclusion that there is a pattern that can be identified using historical examples, indicating the activation of extremist and terrorist organizations during global crises. That is why the author considers it important to consider the features of terrorist activity in the period from March 2020 to the present and to propose options for combating these actions.
Keywords: terrorism; extremism; ISIS; cyber terrorism; COVID-19; Global Terrorism Index.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kiberprestupnost' i rasprostranenie dezinformacii vo vremja pandemii COVID-19 // Oficial'nyj sajt OON, Departament global'nyh kommunikacij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/coronavirus/un-tackling-%E2%80%98infodemic%E2%80%99-misinformation-andcybercrime-covid-19 (data obrashhenija: 22.04.2021).
2. Komerford M. Kak terroristicheskie organizacii otreagirovali na COVID-19? // Vision of Humanity.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.visionofhumanity.org/how-have-terroristorganisations-responded-to-covid-19/ (data obrashhenija: 25.04.2021).
3. Profilaktika (preduprezhdenie) jekstremizma i terrorizma. Pod obshhej red. L. N. Pankovoj, Ju. V.Taranuhi. Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet imeni M. V. Lomonosova. - M.: Universitetskaja kniga, 2010. - 312 s.
4. Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi, “Jihadist Perspectives on Coronavirus Pandemic: Primary Sources,” personal webpage, March 25, 2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.aymennjawad.org/2020/03/jihadist-perspectives-on-coronavirus-pandemic (data obrashhenija: 25.04.2021).
5. Global Terrorism Index. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://visionofhumanity.org/wpcontent/uploads/2020/11/GTI-2020-web-1.pdf (data obrashhenija: 22.04.2021).
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Strizhchenko I. A., Egorov R. P.
Modern ways to ensure the anonymity of offenders as a mechanism for avoiding responsibility
The article is devoted to the consideration of methods and mechanisms of anonymity of offenders in the telecommunications network Internet, in order to evade responsibility. The most
relevant tools, software and functionality of offenders, used to a greater extent for illegal fraudulent actions through modern means of communication, are considered. The mechanism of working with the specified software is also described. The main pros and cons of the combination of various software in illegal activities are considered. Recommendations aimed at improving the quality of implementation of crime prevention in the above-mentioned segment have been formed.
Keywords: anonymity, crime, offense, law and order.
Work bibliographic list
1. Forum informacionnoj bezopasnosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://codeby.net/articles/categories/anonimnost-v-seti.3/.
2. Forum informacionnoj bezopasnosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lib.itsec.ru/forum.php?sub=22988&from=-1.
 
STATE AND LAW
Abukarova M. U.
Problems of combating corruption: history, theory and modernity
Corruption weakens democracy and the rule of law, which leads to violations of human rights, distorts market mechanisms, worsens the quality of life of people, contributes to organized crime, terrorism and other threats to international security. This dangerous phenomenon is present in all countries - large and small, rich and poor.
The problem of combating corruption and the fight against it has acquired an offensive character in our country. With a certain degree of confidence, we note that the entire world community is also concerned about this. A lot of international legal documents are being adopted, which are the basis for anti-corruption activities of different countries.
Keywords: corruption, pandemic, epidemic, crime, terrorism, international security, legality, humanism, equality.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nozdrachjov A. F. Protivodejstvie korrupcii v federal'nyh organah ispolnitel'noj vlasti6nauchno-prakticheskoe posobie. - M.: INFRA-M., 2018.
2. Pravovye innovacii v sfere protivodejstvija korrupcii. Materialy Pervogo Evrazijskogo antikorrupcionnogo foruma i VII Mezhdunarodnoj shkoly– praktikuma molodyh uchjonyh juristov.
3. Habrieva T. Ja. Protivodejstvie korrupcii: novye vyzovy. - M.: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii: INFRA-M, 2018.
4. Habrieva T. Ja. Korrupcija: priroda, projavlenie, protivodejstvie. - M.: ID «Jurisprudencija, 2012.
 
STATE AND LAW
Ananjeva E. O., Ivliev P. V.
Media literacy as a necessary attribute of the formation of the political outlook of modern Russian youth
This article touches upon the contemporary problems of the formation of the political outlook among the population, and especially among young people. This issue is very relevant since the emergence of information technologies, which in turn create a very fertile base for manipulative
influence on the population. Practical examples of such an impact on society are considered. The article analyzes modern effective ways to improve media literacy in terms of reducing the manipulative effect.
Keywords: mass media; mass media; content; young people; political worldview; videos; social networks; absenteeism; news resources; manipulative influence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 25. 07. 2002 g. # 114-FZ «O protivodejstvii jekstremistskoj dejatel'nosti».
2. Zakon RF ot 27.12.1991 # 2124-1 «O sredstvah massovoj informacii».
3. Ivliev P.V., Anan'eva E.O. Sredstva massovoj informacii kak chetvjortaja vetv' vlasti // Zakon i pravo. 2021. # 1. S. 51-52.
 
STATE AND LAW
Ananjeva E. O., Ivliev P.V.
Legal provision of freedom of will and testamentary capacity of citizens
This article discusses the rules governing the freedom of probate and testamentary capacity of citizens in Russia. The authors give the main provisions of the application of the norms under consideration. The study provides a comparative analysis of the laws of France, England, Germany and Russia on the mandatory share of inheritance. The topic of the problems of determining the legal capacity of a person when applying to a notary office is touched upon. Since the notary does not have the knowledge and methods to determine the mental state of a citizen, and the available court decisions on deprivation (restriction) of the citizen’s legal capacity are not brought to his attention, and interested persons can hide this fact, it is necessary to establish the notary’s right to make inquiries to medical institutions about the mental state of the applicant. In the article, the authors make proposals to amend the current legislation regulating the issues under consideration.
Keywords: civil legislation, inheritance law, testamentary capacity, freedom of will.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aliverdieva M. A. Nekotorye aspekty realizacii principa svobody zaveshhanija // Nauka segodnja: problemy i puti reshenija. – 2016. – S. 132.
2. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda ot 24.04.2017 po delu # 33-15584/2017. – Grazhdanskij kodeks Francii: per. s fr. V. Zahvataeva. –Kiev, 2006. – S. 485.
3. Grazhdanskoe ulozhenie Germanii (GGU) ot 18.08.1896 (red. ot 02.01.2002) (s izm. i dop. po 31.03.2013). – Elizarov S. E., Elizarov V. S. K voprosu o nekotoryh polozhenijah anglijskogo nasledstvennogo Prava //STUDIUM. – 2014. – # 1-2 (30-31). – S. 11.
4. Kasatkina A. Ju. Osushhestvlenie nasledstvennyh prav rebenka, rodivshegosja s primeneniem vspomogatel'nyh reproduktivnyh tehnologij v Rossijskoj Federacii // Nasledstvennoe pravo. – 2017. – # 1. –S. 42.
5. Tuzaeva-Derkach A. V. Uchastie nesovershennoletnih v nasledstvennyh pravootnoshenijah: sovremennye problemy pravovogo regulirovanija i puti ih reshenija // Nasledstvennoe pravo. – 2017. – # 2. – S. 14.
 
STATE AND LAW
Shulyatjev I. A.
A normative approach to assessing state participation in the Russian economy
The article discusses the organizational and legal mechanisms of state participation in the economy of the Russian Federation. A normative approach to the analysis of the country’s economic development management is formulated. Based on the current Russian legislation, criteria for evaluating institutional forms of state participation in the economy are identified, which can be described as normative mechanisms for managing economic development through the norms, principles and procedures of state regulation or corporate self-regulation that ensure the achievement of the goals of socio-economic development of the state.
The author argues, that constitutional reforms of 2020 – the emergence of new political forms of “public authority”, the need to consolidate Big Data, buying by the Russian Government a controlling stake of ordinary shares of JSC “SBERBANK” will lead to further concentration of economic power in the hands of state. The theory of legal risks developed in the Russian legal science has potential in assessing the activities of state corporations in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: legislation; regulation; legal risk; joint stock company; state corporation; property.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii 1993 goda (s izmenenijami ot 01.07.2020).
2. Balackij E. V. Global'nye vyzovy chetvertoj promyshlennoj revoljucii // Terra Economicus. - 2019.- T. 17. - # 2. - S. 19.
3. Galazova S. S. (2018). Rynochnyj potencial korporativnogo sektora // Terra Economicus. - 2018. - T. 16.- # 3. - S. 82.
4. Dement'ev V. E. Rol' goskorporacij v stabilizacii i razvitii jekonomiki // Ot recessii k stabilizacii i jekonomicheskomu rostu. Materialy VIII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Rossijskij jekonomicheskij universitet im. G. V. Plehanova, 2016. - S. 70.
5. Zel'dner A. G., Osipov V. S. Rol' gosudarstvennyh korporacij v innovacionnom processe // Problemy teorii i praktiki upravlenija. – 2020. - # 4.- S. 10.
6. Krivda S. V., Varsegov A. G. (2015). Analiz i ocenka juridicheskih riskov kommercheskoj organizacii //Upravlencheskij uchet. - 2015. - # 9. - S. 20.
7. Tambovcev V. L. Upravlenie bez izmenenij // Terra Economicus. - 2019. - T. 17. - # 3. - S. 19.
8. Tihomirov Ju. A. Risk v fokuse pravovogo regulirovanija // pravo i sovremennye gosudarstva. – 2017.- # 6. - S. 12-18.
9. Federal'naja antimonopol'naja sluzhba. Doklad o sostojanii konkurencii v Rossijskoj Federacii v 2018 godu, 2019. - S. 12-13.
10. Chirkin V. E. Juridicheskoe lico publichnogo prava.- M.: Norma, 2017. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
 
PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW
Nurmukhametov E. A., Nurmukhametova I. F., Davtyan V. G.
Psychological features of aggressive and hostile reactions of offenders of primary school age with different parenting style
The article analyzes the problem of aggressiveness and hostility of younger schoolchildren with delinquent behavior and different parenting style. It is concluded that children with pronounced delinquent behavior are characterized by aggression of various types and directions. However, it has its own qualitative features of manifestation depending on the style of parental education: delinquents of primary school age, in relation to whom parents broadcast rejection, emotional detachment and authoritarianism – it is characteristic to show negativism, physical and verbal aggression against both people and animals, whereas juvenile offenders who tend to feel perceived as little losers by their parents are highly characterized to experience autoaggression, guilt, resentment and suspicion.
Keywords: aggression, aggressiveness, hostility, juvenile delinquents, parenting styles.
Work bibliographic list
1. Druzhinin V. N. Psihologija sem'i. – SPb.: PITER,2007. – 170 s.
2. Lugovaja O. A. Disfunkcional'naja sem'ja v uslovijah social'nyh transformacij // Obshhestvo i lichnost': problemy gumanizacii sovremennogo sociokul'turnogo prostranstva: Materialy VII Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii:sbornik nauchnyh statej prepodavatelej, nauchno-prakticheskih rabotnikov, obuchajushhihsja vuzov,
Stavropol', 17 maja 2019 goda. – Stavropol': Severo-Kavkazskij social'nyj institut, 2019. – S. 206-210.
3. Shunjaeva V. A. Vlijanie roditelej na delinkventnoe povedenie detej // Vestnik Tambovskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnicheskogo universiteta. – 2002. – T. 8.– # 2. – S. 383-387.
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Derikot T. E., Cheremisina E. V.
Personnel problems of the oil and gas complex of the Tyumen region
The oil industry is the basis of the modern economy. Nowadays, society is inconceivable without cars, and a car cannot move without gasoline. Planes will not take off without liquid fuel, tractors, sea and river vessels, tanks and armored personnel carriers will not budge. Oil is also the most valuable raw material for the chemical industry, from which even some food products can be obtained.
Currently, about 2/3 of Russian oil is produced in the Tyumen Region (mainly in the Khanty-Mansiysk and to a lesser extent in the Yamalo–Nenets Autonomous Okrugs).
To identify the problems and prospects for the development of the oil industry in our region, the article analyzed statistical indicators of professional and personal competencies indicated by employers of the oil and gas industry. As well as an analysis of the opinions of employers and graduates about the formation of professional competencies. The prospects for the development of the industry currently lie in the expansion of cooperation between educational institutions and employers, the joint development of training programs and the modernization of the training system that would meet the modern requirements of the labor market.
Keywords: labor market, oil and gas complex, oil industry, professional competencies, employers, graduates, educational institutions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Otchet ob anketirovanii rabotodatelej / FGBOU VO TIU Centr kar'ery Upravlenija po vzaimodejstviju s industrial'nymi partnerami i monitoringu kachestva obrazovanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://tyuiu/ru (data obrashhenija:12.11.2021).
2. Vorob'ev S. Ju. Problemy podgotovki kadrov dlja neftegazovoj otrasli. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://irttek.ru/research/problemypodgotovki-kadrov-dlya-neftegazovoy-otrasli.html(data obrashhenija: 1.11.2021).
3. Romanova T. V., Kotov D. V. Sovremennyj podhod k upravleniju personalom v kompanijah neftegazovogo kompleksa Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ogbus.ru/files/ogbus/issues/6_2014/ogbus_6_2014_p562- 587_RomanovaTV_ru.pdf (data obrashhenija: 10.11.2021).
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Khayrullina N. G., Egorov A. L.
Impact of the pandemic on the economic situation of rural residents
The article examines the assessments of the economic situation of the rural population living in settlements in the south of the Tyumen region, obtained in the course of research by scientists of the Tyumen Industrial University in 2021. It is known that since March 2020, the most acute global problem has become the coronavirus infection (COVID-19) pandemic, which has worsened the economic situation of the families of most Russians, their social well-being, increased the anxiety of the population, etc. The article is based on data from an online survey conducted in 2021 among residents of rural settlements in the south of the Tyumen region. According to the authors, COVID-19 has transformed the way of life primarily for residents of large cities; residents of rural settlements have felt these changes to a lesser extent, especially in settlements remote from the regional center and provincial cities.
Keywords: financial situation, economic situation, pandemic, coronavirus, rural residents, public consciousness, social well-be.
Work bibliographic list
1. Hajrullina N. G. Cocial'noe samochuvstvie tjumencev v uslovijah rasprostranenija koronavirusnoj infekcii / V sbornike: Neft' i gaz: tehnologii i innovacii. Materialy Nacional'noj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. V 3-h tomah. Otv. redaktor N. V. Gumerova. - 2020. - S. 221-224.
2. Hajrullina N. G., Egorov A. L., Kovrov V. F. Vlijanie pandemii koronavirusa na social'noe prostranstvo studentov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2020. - # 8 (147). - S. 382-383.
 
LANGUAGE LAW
Makayeva G. Z., Makayev Kh. F., Merzlyakova L. Kh.
Stress in English general professional juridical terms with –ee at the end of a word
The paper deals with the issue of stressing in English general professional juridical terms ending in -ee. The need to study the issue is determined by the presence of lexical units in which stress is placed on different syllables, which causes a distortion of pronunciation.
The research results can make a certain contribution both to pedagogical, and to linguistic science. The aim of the work is to carry out a linguistic analysis of the lexical units of the legal sphere with -ee at the end of a word.
Keywords: language, stress, legal sphere, general professional, term.
Work bibliographic list
1. English-Russian terms on civil law and law of civil procedure / Compiled by S. D. Oskina. – Omsk, 2003.– 350 p.
2. Jakobson R., Fant G. and Halle M. (1952). Preliminaries to speech analysis. The distinctive features and their correlates. Acoustics Laboratory, Massachusetts Inst. Of Technology, Technical Report No. 13. Published by MIT press, seventh edition, 1967.
3. Trubetzkoy N. Grundzügeder Phonologie. Travaux du cercle linguistique de Prague 7, 1939.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Bayaskalanova T. A., Trubchanin S. I., Semyonov E. Yu.
Sustainable development of the company on the example of PJSC “InterRAO”
The article examines the target model of sustainable development of an individual company, highlights the most significant goals of sustainable development within the fuel and energy complex and considers the methodology for achieving them using the example of PJSC “Inter RAO”. The object of the research is the target model of sustainable development of a separate company. The subject of the research is the processes of sustainable development management in the companies of the fuel and energy complex. The purpose of the study is to analyze the sustainable development of energy enterprises and to introduce the principles of sustainable development at these enterprises.
Keywords: concept of sustainable development, fuel and energy complex, economic development, social development, environmental development.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vurganov M. G., Habalova A. S., Pavlova N. Ju. Sovremennye podhody k opredeleniju ponjatija «Ustojchivoe razvitie» i razrabotka strategii ustojchivogo razvitija kompanii // Global and regional research. –2020. – # 1. – S. 169-176.
2. Saneev B. G., Sokolov A. D., Muzychuk S. Ju., Muzychuk R. I. Rost jenergojeffektivnosti – put' k ustojchivomu razvitiju jekonomiki vostochnyh regionov Rossii //Baikal Research Journal. – 2019. – # 2. – S. 53-66.
3. Ustojchivoe razvitie: mehanizmy realizacii / M. A. Brche, I. N. Omel'chenko, A. Shaab; pod red. M. A. Brche, I. N. Omel'chenko. – Moskva: Izdatel'stvo MGTU im. N. Je. Baumana, 2020. – 169 s.
4. Shishelova T. I., Pavlova T. O., Chuvashov N. F. Proektnyj metod v realizacii plana po ustojchivomu razvitiju Rossii // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija. – 2019. – # 1. – S. 109-116.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Vostrikova E. O., Meshkova A. P.
Public-private partnership in the sphere of natural monopolies as a factor in ensuring the economic security of the country
The article considers public-private partnership as one of the possible methods of natural monopolies regulation. It reveals the nature of public-private partnership, including its implementation mechanisms. The authors present the advantages and disadvantages of applying the public-private partnership model in the sector of natural monopolies to increase the level of state economic security. The introduction of a competitive environment is the one of the priority methods of natural monopoly regulation, which is possible through the concession. The asymmetry of information arises within concession agreements implementation, which can lead
to opportunistic behavior of the parties.
Keywords: public-private partnership, economic security, concession agreement, competitive environment, state regulation, natural monopoly.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alpatov A. A. Gosudarstvenno-chastnoe partnerstvo. Mehanizmy realizacii. – M.: Al'pina Pablisher, 2010.
2. Zhukova N. S. Koncessionnyj mehanizm realizacii gosudarstvennoj innovacionnoj politiki // Problemy sovremennoj jekonomiki. – 2011. – # 4 (40).
3. Korobcov E. V. Zarubezhnyj opyt regulirovanija dejatel'nosti estestvennyh monopolij // Nauchnye vedomosti Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Jekonomika. Informatika. – 2009. –# 9 (64).
4. Kotov V. V. Organizacija gosudarstvennyh (municipal'nyh) koncessij i jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost'// Jekonomist. – 2000. – # 5.
5. Kuznecov I. V. Zarubezhnyj opyt gosudarstvennochastnogo partnerstva (SShA, Evropa, Kanada) // Jekonomicheskie nauki. – 2012. – # 8 (93).
6. Levanova L. N. Jekonomika otraslevyh rynkov. Uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie. – Saratov: OOO Izdatel'skij centr «Nauka», 2012.
7. Ljubek Ju. V. Realizacija mehanizma koncessionnyh soglashenij v Rossijskoj Federacii // Zapiski Gornogo instituta. – 2016.
8. Shubina V. I., Islamutdinov V. F. Metodika preodolenija riskov opportunisticheskogo povedenija storon pri realizacii proektov gosudarstvenno-chastnogo partnerstva // Upravlenie jekonomicheskimi sistemami: jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal.– 2019. – # 3 (121).
9. Demscte H. Why Regulate Utilities? // Journal of Law and Economics. – 1968. – Vol. 11 (1).
10. Iossa E., Martimor, D. Risk allocation and the costs and benefits of public-private partnerships // Rand journal of economics. – 2012.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Leybert T. B., Khruslova A. А.
Financial and economic technologies for managing the effectiveness of innovation and investment projects
Companies in the oil and gas industry have a spasmodic development when they are influenced by factors from outside, for example, a pandemic, military operations, therefore, in order to eliminate negative consequences, it is necessary to develop innovative investment projects that are subject to efficiency assessment through financial and economic technologies. Such projects can be aimed not only at making a profit, but also, for example, at preserving the environment and reducing the risk of an environmental catastrophe. Digital technologies used in such projects will be aimed at eliminating or recycling waste to reduce its release into the environment.
Keywords: oil and gas industry, digitalization of the economy, digital technologies, innovations, investment projects.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bazhaev M. M. Sovershenstvovanie metodicheskogo podhoda k formirovaniju cepochki sozdanija stoimosti neftjanoj kompanii. // Upravlenie jekonomicheskimi sistemami. – 2018. – # 6 (112). – S. 30-31.
2. Lukasevich I. Ja., Zhukov P. E. Upravlenie denezhnymi potokami: uchebnik. – M.: Vuzovskij uchebnik, 2016. – 184 s.
3. Oficial'nyj sajt Volgagas. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://volgagas.
com/#project (data obrashhenija: 17.11.2021).
4. Gosudarstvennyj informacionnyj resurs buhgalterskoj (finansovoj) otchetnosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://bo.nalog.ru/(data obrashhenija: 14.11.2021).
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Ovchinnikov A. P.
Import substitution strategies in the field of IT technologies
The aim of the study is to summarize the key areas of strategic development of innovative companies in the IT industry in the context of import substitution. To achieve this goal, an analysis of the content of the current import substitution policy is carried out in terms of supporting the enterprise in the IT industry. As a result of the study, the main strategies of innovative companies in the IT industry in the context of import substitution were identified. The study used methods of statistical analysis, analysis and synthesis.
Keywords: import substitution, IT-technologies, strategies, software, telecommunication equipment, computer equipment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dmitrij Chernyshenko: v osnove gosudarstvennyh IT-reshenij dolzhny byt' sovremennye kliento-orientirovannye podhody. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://government.ru/news/43584/(data obrashhenija: 05.12.2021).
2. Zakon o predustanovke rossijskogo softa na smartfony prinjat v tret'em chtenii. Oficial'nyj sajt Gosudarstvennoj dumy Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://duma.gov.ru/news/47043/ (data obrashhenija: 28.11.2021).
3. Plan meroprijatij («dorozhnaja karta») «Sozdanie dopolnitel'nyh uslovij dlja razvitija otrasli informacionnyh tehnologij». Oficial'nyj sajt Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://static.government.ru/media/files/gwQRcF4e3G6lA8vTMTNfNAcTWGeQxrt2.pdf (data obrashhenija: 28.11.2021).
4. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 23 avgusta 2021g. # 1380 «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil predostavlenija subsidij iz federal'nogo bjudzheta rossijskim organizacijam na finansovoe obespechenie chasti zatrat na razrabotku konkurentosposobnyh nishevyh apparatno-programmnyh kompleksov dlja celej iskusstvennogo intellekta». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/402555612/ (data obrashhenija: 06.12.2021).
5. Pravitel'stvo rasshirilo perechen' programm dlja objazatel'noj predustanovki. Oficial'nyj sajt Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://government.ru/docs/43958/ (data obrashhenija: 28.11.2021).
6. Proekt Ukaza Prezidenta RF «O merah jekonomicheskogo haraktera po obespecheniju tehnologicheskoj nezavisimosti i bezopasnosti ob"ektov kriticheskoj informacionnoj infrastruktury» (po sostojaniju na 29.10.2020) (podgotovlen Mincifry Rossii, ID proekta 02/06/10-20/00109874). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=PNPA&n=64055&dst=100005#Ao4FErSTl5ggDBJ5 (data obrashhenija:28.11.2021).
7. Rossijskaja IT-otrasl' nacelilas' na $50 mlrd. Vedomosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vedomosti.ru/technology/articles/2021/03/18/862182-rossiiskaya-it-otrasl (data obrashhenija: 06.12.2021).
8. Usacheva E. Ju. Importozameshhenie informacionnyh tehnologij // Zhurnal Bjudzhet. - 2018. - # 4(184). - S. 32-33.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Sokolova E. S.
Trends in the global civil aviation market
This study identifies the main factors of demand for civil aircraft, as well as analyzes the trends in the world market for civil aircraft.
Keywords: world market, aircraft construction, civil aircraft, trends, after-sales service.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bogacheva I. V., Sokolova E. S. Buhgalterskij uchet v otrasljah. Uchebnoe posobie. - Moskva, 2012.
2. Borisov F. A., Kramarenko A. V., Krupenskij N. A. Obzor sovremennyh tendencij na rossijskom rynke passazhirskih aviaperevozok // Nauchnyj Vestnik MGTU GA. – 2015. - # 216 (6). - S. 11–21.
3. Borishpolec K. P., Mehdiev Je. T. Evrazijskij trend regional'nogo sotrudnichestva // V sbornike:Evrazijskaja integracija: perspektivy mezhgosudarstvennogo sotrudnichestva. Prilozhenie k periodicheskomu izdaniju «Ezhegodnik IMI». Ser. «Knigi i broshjury IMI» Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj institut mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij (universitet)
MID Rossii, Centr voenno-politicheskih issledovanij. - Moskva, 2014. - S. 8–20.
4. Obzor rynka 2017-2036 g. // PAO «OAK». – 2017.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://uacrussia.ru/upload/iblock/9f3/ 9f381b3b71c64fc49e94e91076549c2d.pdf (data obrashhenija: 09.12.2021).
5. Tang C. Zimmerman J. Managing new product development and supply chain risks: the Boeing 787case// An International Journal. - Vol. 10. – # 2. - 2009.
6. Thornton D. W., Airbus Industries: The Politics of an International Industrial Collaboration, St. Martin’s Press. - New York, 1995.
7. UNWTO Tourism Highlights Edition, 2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/pdf/10.18111/9789284419876 (data obrashhenija:09.12.2021).
8. World air cargo forecast 2018–2037, oficial'nyj sajt kompanii Boeing. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.boeing.com/resources/boeingdotcom/commercial/about-our-market/cargomarket-detail-wacf/download-report/assets/pdfs/2018_WACF.pdf (data obrashhenija: 09.12.2021).
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Suleymanova A. M.
Analysis of the consumer lending market
At the present stage of Russia’s development, the formation of a civilized consumer credit market is becoming an urgent task, which can largely become a source of stimulating the population’s demand for goods and services and, as a result, increasing the level of its well-being and creating additional impulses of economic growth.
The technical base for providing loans is improving, the organization of banking activities is improving, sales channels for credit products are constantly developing, customer service for standard products is being transferred to self-service zones. All this leads to an expansion of the variety of retail banking products, which leads to the need for continuous improvement of retail bank loans.
Keywords: сonsumer credit, pandemic, loan debt, POS-lending, credit cards, remote service.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avdeeva A. I., Kulakova N. N. Potrebitel'skoe kreditovanie v Rossii v sovremennyh jekonomicheskih uslovijah // Vestnik Altajskoj akademii jekonomiki i prava. – 2019. – # 9 (chast' 2). – S. 5-11.
2. Analitika vyjasnila: na chto rossijane brali zajmy v 2020 godu. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://1prime.ru/finance/20210118/832829801.html(data obrashhenija: 19.11.2021).
3. Kirakasjanc A. Itogi pandemii: kak COVID-19 povlijal na cifrovizaciju v rossijskih bankah. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://frankrg.com/34781 (data obrashhenija: 7.11.2021).
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Koenig A. Yu., Bychenkov K. D., Tupikina Z. A., Grоgulenko N. V.
Sberbank’s digital ecosystem: main components and development trends
The article discusses technologies and communication channels for promoting the ecosystem created around Sberbank, describes the problems and directions of the company’s development, the possibilities of updating and creating new services of the innovative and largest ecosystem in Russia.
Keywords: target audiences, Sberbank, ecosystem, innovative services, competition, capitalization, monopolization, development strategy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gareev Je. S., Ahmadullin I. I., Valitova N. Je.,Gabdrahmanova L. N., Gabdulhakova R. V., Kozlova Ju. B., Kostyleva E. G. Teorija i praktika reklamy i svjazej s obshhestvennost'ju. Uchebnoe posobie dlja obuchajushhihsja po napravleniju podgotovki «Reklama i svjazi s obshhestvennost'ju» Chast' 1. Svjazi s obshhestvennost'ju i reklama: organizacija, pravovoe i nauchnoe obespechenie professional'noj dejatel'nosti. - Ufa: Izdatel'stvo UGNTU, 2018.
2. Grogulenko N. V., Azamatova K. A., Arslanov A. A., Palaev P. S. Trendy kontent-marketinga v 2021 godu // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021.- # 3 (154). - S. 428-429.
3. Dorozhkin Ju. N., Kozlova Ju. B., Kostyleva E. G. Osnovy teorii kommunikacii. - Ufa: Izd-vo UG-NTU, 2003. - 58 s.
4. Kouba M., Kozlova Ju. B. Optimizacija sredstv kommunikacii v sovremennom postindustrial'nom obshhestve / V sbornike: Gosudarstvo budushhego: aktual'nye problemy social'no-jekonomicheskogo i politiko-pravovogo razvitija sbornik statej po materialam IV Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii posvjashhennoj 70-letnemu jubileju UGNTU, 2018. - S. 269-272.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Klevtsov M. I., Pozdnyakova C. A., Tsirkunov M. E.
Entrepreneurial risks: types and ways of minimization
This article is devoted to the main risks faced by entrepreneurs in the course of their activities. The modern economy assumes that only those enterprises become successful, which competently calculate the possible risks arising in the process of activity and in advance worry about their minimization.
Keywords: entrepreneurial risks, profit, business, risk minimization, business entities, business diversification.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kabakov Viktor Stepanovich Predprinimatel'skie riski: sushhnost', vidy, vozmozhnosti upravlenija //Vestnik LGU im. A.S. Pushkina. 2012. # 3.
2. Kiseleva I.A., Simonovich N.E., Knjazeva I.Ju. Predprinimatel'skie riski: psihologicheskie osobennosti ocenki riskov v biznese // Vestnik VGUIT. 2019. T. 81. # 1. St. 492-499.
3. Kiseleva I.A., Simonovich N.E., Egorova G.N., Shapovalov Ju.A. Metody ocenki i upravlenija predprinimatel'skimi riskami // Vestnik VGUIT. 2017. # 2 (72).
4. Mineev D.G., Popova I.V. Predprinimatel'skie riski // Nauchno-obrazovatel'nyj zhurnal dlja studentov i prepodavatelej «StudNet». 2020. T. 3. # 10. St. 99-100.
5. Pin'koveckaja Julija Semenovna Ocenka zakonomernostej i tendencij slozhivshihsja urovnej predprinimatel'skogo riska // Vestnik OmGU. Serija:Jekonomika. 2017. # 2.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Kostirya Yu. S., Artemjev N. V.
Improving the efficiency of interaction between units of the logistics support system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
The article discusses the features and problems of interaction between various units of the logistics support system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. The prerequisites for improving the performance of all elements of the logistics support system are being investigated. The principles of effective functioning of rear units are revealed. The ways of complex solution of the tasks facing the rear units are proposed.
Keywords: logistics, efficiency, interaction, principles, management, authority.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 05.03.2014 # 135 «Ob organizacii material'no-tehnicheskogo obespechenija v sisteme Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii».
2. Prihod'ko N. Ju., Chernenko N. V. Predvaritel'nyj kontrol' kak sposob gosudarstvennogo upravlenija v sfere oboronnogo zakaza v celjah obespechenija sistemy jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021. - # 3 (154). - S. 445-447.
3. Tylovoe i finansovoe obespechenie organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii: uchebnik / Pod redakciej doktora jekonomicheskih nauk, professora Ju. G. Naumova (S. N. Belova i dr.). - M.: Akademija upravlenija MVD Rossii, 2017.
4. Uvarov M. A. Vidy i obshhaja harakteristika stadij proizvodstva po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021.- # 1 (152). - S. 154-155.
5. Uvarov M. A. K voprosu opredelenija administrativno-jurisdikcionnoj dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del // Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2015. - # 21. - S. 47.
6. Shvecova K. A. Aktual'nye problemy osushhestvlenija vedomstvennogo kontrolja zakupok dlja nuzhd MVD Rossii // V sbornike: Jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' v teorii i na praktike: voprosy sovershenstvovanija. Sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2020. - S. 180-184.
7. Shvecova K. A. Sovershenie korrupcionnyh prestuplenij pri osushhestvlenii gosudarstvennyh zakupok ohrannyh uslug kak obstanovka protivodejstvija ih rassledovanija // V sbornike: Koncepcija jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti na sovremennom jetape. Sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2021. - S. 189-194.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Kuznetsova K. V., Spasskaya N. V., Suganova M. I., Firsova O. N.
Investment marketing as a way of business development
The article explores the essence of investment marketing through the prism of elements of classical marketing, as well as through the tools of the theory of “4P”. The main tasks and functions of investment marketing are shown. The mechanism of influence of investment marketing on business structures is analyzed.
Keywords: investment, marketing, investment market, investment directions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akulich M. Investicionnyj marketing - vyhod na novyj uroven' biznesa // Marketing: idei i tehnologii / Nojabr'. - 2015. - S. 33. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://rep.bntu.by/bitstream/handle/data/23050/%D0%A1.%2033-42.pdf?sequence=1.
2. Gul'kova E. L. Kazimirova L. V. Investicionnyj marketing: priemy i metody realizacii v finansovoj politike organizacij // Vestnik universiteta. - 2016. - # 2.
3. Zijaeva M. D. Konceptual'nye osnovy razvitija investicionnogo marketinga // Prakticheskij marketing. - 2016. - # 10 (236).
4. Perminov A. Primenenie kompleksa marketinga «4R» v investicionnom processe // Prakticheskij marketing. - 2005. - # 10. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.cfin.ru/press/practical/2005-10/01.shtml.
5. Prohorov A. Ju., Prohorov V. Ju. Ocenka jeffektivnosti marketingovyh investicij // Jekonomika i menedzhment innovacionnyh tehnologij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ekonomika.snauka.ru/2015/04/7814.
6. Chepurnova I. F. Marketing v oblasti privlechenija investicij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: file:///c:/users/user/downloads/marketing-v-oblastiprivlecheniya-investitsiy.pdf.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Suleymanova A. M.
Execution of the budgets of municipalities of the Republic of Dagestan
Municipal finance plays an important role in the process of social and economic development in Russia, providing funding for the main network of preschool institutions, schools, medical and social institutions. The current financial condition of local self-government is mostly assessed as unsatisfactory.
Currently, issues related to the development of local self-government bodies of approaches that contribute to strengthening the financial base of the municipality, improving the formation and execution of local budget funds, which would help improve the budget system as a whole, are becoming relevant, since local budgets are an important component of the state budget.
Keywords: local budgets, municipal finance, tax revenues, tax potential, non-compliance with budget legislation, development of our own revenue base.
Work bibliographic list
1. Analiz nalogovogo potenciala municipal'nyh obrazovanij RD. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://spdag.ru/ekspertno-analiticheskayai-zakonoproektnaya-deyatelnost (data obrashhenija:30.11.2021).
2. Itogi social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Respubliki Dagestan: Minjekonomrazvitija Respubliki Dagestan. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://minec-rd.ru/itogi-sotsialno-ekonomicheskogorazvitiya-respubliki-dagestan (data obrashhenija:30.11.2021).
3. Otchjot o dejatel'nosti Schetnoj palaty Respubliki Dagestan za 2020 god. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.spdag.ru/godovye-otchety(data obrashhenija: 30.11.2021).
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Terekhov I. G., Zenkova V. G., Terekhova L. A.,
Kalmykova E. N., Morozova A. F.
Economic feasibility of using new structures of bush pile foundations
Currently, the most important issue of socio-economic and technological efficiency of the national economic complex of the country is the availability of housing for all categories of citizens. One of the capital-intensive structural elements in the building is the foundation, which in most cases is a pile structure. One of the directions of improving the structures of pile foundations is the combination of pile foundations according to the structure of the grillage and driven piles. This article discusses the use of inclined piles as a combination of two structural elements: a grillage (podkolonnika) and directly piles. The article substantiates the economic and technological feasibility of using inclined piles in construction. The task of optimizing the pile field options is a multi-purpose and multi-criteria task and one of the criteria for the effectiveness of the use of new pile structures is economic feasibility.
Keywords: economic effect, grillage, pile field, foundation, inclined pile, bush.
Work bibliographic list
1. Denisov O. L. Jeksperimental'no-teoreticheskoe issledovanie i razrabotka metodov rascheta gruppovyh svajnyh fundamentov. Doktorskaja dissertacija i avtoreferat VAK RF 05.23.02, 1996. – 505 s.
2. Hajrullin V. A., Zencov V. N., Shakirova Je. V. Ocenka jekonomicheskogo jeffekta ot vnedrenija novyh konstruktivnyh reshenij v stroitel'stve // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Sociologija. Jekonomika. Politika. – 2015. – # 1. – S. 75-79.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Tomilina Yu. V.
The policy of effective management of the regional economy based on the development of clusters: foreign and national experience
The article discusses the cluster approach to effective management of the regional economy and improving its competitiveness.
A comparative analysis of foreign and national experience of cluster policy is presented. On its basis, the main problems hindering the growth of the competitiveness of the regional economy of Russia are identified and directions for their solution are proposed.
Keywords: region, competitiveness of region, management of the regional economy, clusters, cluster policy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avdon'kina V. V. Regional'nye klastery kak instrumentarij povyshenija konkurentosposobnosti regiona // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. -2019. - # 3 (104).
2. Pechatkin V. V. Formirovanie klasternogo opornogo karkasa regionov kak napravlenie povyshenija konkurentosposobnosti Rossii // Regional'naja jekonomika: teorija i praktika. - 2010. - # 34 (169).
3. Poljanin A. V., Pronjaeva L. V., Pavlova A. V. Razvitie sistemy zdravoohranenija na osnove klasternogo podhoda // Problemy social'noj gigieny, zdravoohranenija i istorii mediciny. - 2021. - T. 9. - # S1.
4. Pjatinkin S. F., Bykova T. P. Razvitie klasterov:sushhnost', aktual'nye podhody, zarubezhnyj opyt.- Minsk: «Tesej», 2008.
5. Rossijskaja klasternaja observatorija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www. map.cluster.hse.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 11.08.2121).
6. Rudneva P. S. Opyt sozdanija strukturnyh klasterov v razvityh stranah // Jekonomika regiona. - 2007. - # 18.
7. Skoch A. Mezhdunarodnyj opyt formirovanija klasterov // Zhurnal'nyj klub Intel-ros, Kosmopolis.- 2008. - # 2. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.intelros.ru/index.php?newsid=352(data obrashhenija: 02.12.2021).
8. Frolov A. V. Zarubezhnyj opyt formirovanija klasterov // Aktual'nye voprosy sovremennoj nauki:sbornik nauchnyh statej / Pod red. prof. O. V. Buresh. - Orenburg: OOO IPK «Universitet», 2011. -Vypusk I. - S. 166-173.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Tchumlyakov K. S., Tchumlyakova D. V.
Internationalization of transport infrastructure:the content of the concept and directions
The analysis of the most common modern approaches to understanding the term «internationalization» is carried out in the article.
The content of the term is disclosed. Based on the analysis, the term has been concretized in relation to the object of research, to the transport infrastructure. Key international determinants have been formed that determine the directions of internationalization of the transport infrastructure of Russia.
Keywords: internationalization, international transport infrastructure, international transport corridors, integration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Danil'chenko A. V. Jempiricheskie issledovanijainternacionalizacii predprinimatel'stva. –Mozyr': Belyj veter, 1997. – 16 s.
2. Kalinin D. S. Formirovanie strategii internacionalizacii mashinostroitel'nyh predprijatij Respubliki Belarus': 08.00.14 – mirovaja jekonomika: diss. kand. jekon. nauk. – Minsk, 2008.– 178 l.
3. Mezhdunarodnye jekonomicheskie otnoshenija. Mezhdunarodnyj biznes: uchebnik. Pod. red. Arhipova A. Ju., Puzakovoj E. P. – Rostov-na-Donu:Feniks, 2009. – 570 s.
4. Smagina N. N. Mezhdunarodnoe biznes-vzaimodejstvie v sovremennyh uslovijah globalizacii mirovoj jekonomiki: 08.00.14 – mirovaja jekonomika: diss. kand. jekon. nauk. – Rostov-na-Donu, 2015.– 202 s.
5. Survillo V. G. Internacionalizacija krupnyh rossijskih promyshlennyh firm: na primere kompanii «Russkij aljuminij»: 08.00.14 – mirovaja jekonomika: diss. kand. jekon. nauk. – SPb., 2003.– 135 s.
6. Chumljakov K. S. Internacionalizacija transportnogo kompleksa vnutrennih territorij v razvitii mezhdunarodnoj transportnoj infrastruktury // Rossijskaja jekonomika: vzgljad v budushhee. Materialy III mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (zaochnoj): v 2 chastjah. – 2017. –S. 430-434.
7. Chumljakov K. S., Chumljakova D. V. Sistematizacija sushhnosti internacionalizacii transportnoj infrastruktury v prostranstve mirohozjajstvennyh svjazej // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.– 2019. – # 12 (139). – S. 421-423.
8. Forsman M., Hinttu S., Kock S. Internationalization from a SME perspective // Conference paper presented at the IMP Conference in Dijon, France. – 2002.
9. Welch, Lawrence & Luostarinen, Reijo. Internationalization: Evolution of a Concept // Journal of General Management. – 1988. – # 14. – Pp. 155-171.10.1177/030630708801400203.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Shvetsova K. A., Uvarov M. A.
Characteristic problems of corruption, as well as a factor of criminalization of society and the state, affecting the economic security of the Russian Federation
The article examines some of the characteristic features of corruption problems, views and factors of the criminalization of society and the state, directly related to economic security in the
Russian Federation.
The article defines the main criteria that determine the corruptcinogenic components that have
a significant impact on the development and implementation of state and municipal authorities.
Keywords: corruption, criminalization of society, state, economic security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Golovchenko A. V. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika korrupcii. – M., 2017.
2. Kostyrja Ju. S. Sovershenstvovanie gosudarstvennogo upravlenija v sfere antikorrupcionnoj dejatel'nosti// V sbornike: Problemy sovershenstvovanija sotrudnichestva pravoohranitel'nyh i inyh organov gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG v vyjavlenii, raskrytii i rassledovanii korrupcionnyh pravonarushenij. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii: nauchnoe jelektronnoe izdanie. - Moskva, 2017. - S. 139-143.
3. Kostyrja Ju. S. Protivodejstvie korrupcii kak prioritetnaja cel' organov gosudarstvennogo upravlenija //V sbornike: Sovremennye tendencii razvitija juridicheskoj nauki. Sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - Kazan', 2019. - S. 58-61.
4. Prihod'ko N. Ju. Problemy pravovogo protivodejstvija korrupcii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 12 (151). - S. 281-282.
5. Uchebnoe posobie po jekonomicheskoj teorii I. A. Dobrynin. - M., 2015.
6. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.omlaw.ru/attachments/article/247/Pravo_2_2018.pdf.
7. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gazeta.ru/politics/2010/08/17_a3408249.shtml.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Bayramgulov A. M.
Three main factors of innovative attractiveness of the Republic of Bashkortostan
During the analysis of the innovative attractiveness of the Republic of Bashkortostan, 3 most significant factors were identified, through the use of statistical data throughout the region. The conclusions that were used during the analysis and theoretical substantiation of the article have a positive result. Bashkortostan strives to develop innovative attractiveness by supporting priority industries, developing the business climate in the region and contributing to the development of the intellectual capital of young people.
Keywords: investment potential, priority industries, investment hour, investment advice, business climate, intellectual capital.
Work bibliographic list
1. Malyh O. E., Gafarova E. A. Vysokotehnologichnye otrasli rossijskoj jekonomiki: vozmozhnosti i resursy razvitija // Vestnik JuUrGU. Serija «Jekonomika i menedzhment». – 2018. – T. 12. – # 4. – S. 70-78. DOI:10.14529/em180409.
2. Malyh O. E. Model' jekonomicheskogo povedenija gosudarstva / monografija / O. E. Malyh; Federal'noe agentstvo po obrazovaniju, Gos. obrazovatel'noe uchrezhdenie vyssh. prof. obrazovanija, Bashkirskij gos. un-t. – Ufa, 2006.
3. Malyh O. E. Perspektivy i ogranichenija razvitija social'nogo predprinimatel'stva v kontekste proizvodstva obshhestvennyh blag // Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo jekonomicheskogo universiteta. –2020. – # 11 (193). – S. 46-52.
4. Malyh O. E. Social'noe predprinimatel'stvo i social'nye innovacii / V knige: Social'noe predprinimatel'stvo kak trend social'nogo razvitija hozjajstvennyh sistem. Amirhanova L. R., Bikmetov E. Ju., Blinova D. V., Bogatyreva M. R., Valitov R. R., Vashalomidze E. V., Vol'skaja T. E., Grishin K. E., Makarova E. A., Malikov R. I., Malyh O. E., Orlova D. R., Poljanskaja I. K., Rabkin S. V., Hmelevskaja S. A. – Ufa, 2019. – S. 32-52.
5. Malyh O. E., Gafarova E. A. Vlijanie rezul'tatov intellektual'noj dejatel'nosti na makrojekonomicheskuju politiku Rossii // Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo jekonomicheskogo universiteta. – 2017.– # 2 (148). – S. 32-37.
6. Nakonechnaja T. V., Rastegaeva F. S., Baronina T. V., Shashkova T. N., Bakirova R. R. Ocenka riskovinvesticionnyh proektov Respubliki Bashkortostan:Monografija. – Ufa: Izdatel'stvo IRO RB, 2019. – 64s.
7. Nersisjan L. S., Afanas'eva K. E. Vlijanie krizisa na investicionnuju aktivnost' stroitel'noj otrasli v Respublike Bashkortostan // Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk / OOO «Institut Strategicheskih issledovanij». –M., 2016. –Vyp.4.–S. 95-96.
8. Perechen' prioritetnyh investicionnyh proektov Respubliki Bashkortostan po sostojaniju na 31 oktjabrja 2021 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://investrb.ru/ru/bashkortostan/potential/ accessibility/ (data obrashhenija: 19.12.2021).
9. Rossinskaja G. M., Fomina E. A., Hodkovskaja Ju. V. Razvitie social'nogo predprinimatel'stva kak faktor ustojchivogo jekonomicheskogo rosta v regione // Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal.–2021. –# 4 (160). –S. 88-92.
10. Social'noe predprinimatel'stvo kak trend social'nogo razvitija hozjajstvennyh sistem: monografija / Pod red. O. E. Malyh. –Ufa: Izd-vo UGNTU, 2019. –219 s.
11. Hodkovskaja Ju. V., Karacheva D. A. Drajvery razvitija predprinimatel'skoj iniciativy v social'no orientirovannom biznese regiona // Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. –2021. – # 4 (160). –S. 144-148.
12. Manolov G., Orlova D., Khodkovskaya J., et al. A Smart specialization strategy for sustainable development of regions. Strategy for intellectual specialization of sustainable development of regions. First conference on sustainable development: industrial future of territories, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202020808009.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Kupriyanov A. N., Samohina A. D., Mordovin S. G.
«Online-to-Offline» Marketing Technology:Prospects and Development Problems
The article examines the features of the formation and development of “online-to-offline” marketing technology in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors of the article consider the main tools of innovative O2O technology, and also describe the main problems that prevent its spread. It should be noted that the relationship between creativity and technology “online-to-offline” marketing was studied, which helps a business to enter new digital platforms to reach a potential target audience.
Keywords: “Online-to-offline” marketing, creativity, O2O and creativity, O2O problems, digital
environment.
Work bibliographic list
1. «O2O-marketing: razvitie rynka v Rossii». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://marketing.hse.ru/mirror/pubs/share/379905822.pdf (data obrashhenija: 08.12.2021).
2. O2O marketing: novoe napravlenie v prodvizhenii.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://marketing.hse.ru/news/426215124.html (data obrashhenija: 09.12.2021).
3. O2O v Rossii. Naskol'ko ono vostrebovano i kakie instrumenty luchshie? – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: [https://www.cossa.ru/234/244348/ (data obrashhenija: 09.12.2021).
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Shadrina N. M.
Blockchain as a form of digital data
Legislation does not develop as fast as modern technologies, which make our life much easier nowadays. In this article the advantages, the ways of implementation and the drawbacks of the blockchain are depicted.This article shows the advantages of blockchain, its essence, ways of its
application, disadvantages. The current stage of digitalisation is analysed. The references to the existing frameworks are also given. The article accordingly provides the examples.
Keywords: blockchain, smart contract.
Work bibliographic list
1. Beglarjan M. E., Dobrovol'skaja N. Ju. Blokchejn-tehnologija v pravovom prostranstve // Vestnik Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2018. – # 2(40). – S. 108-112.
2. Jarkin M. S. Tehnologija blokchejn - platforma dlja sdelok s zemlej // Research innovations 2020: sbornik statej II Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo konkursa. – Petrozavodsk. Mezhdunarodnyj centr nauchnogo partnerstva «Novaja Nauka», 2020. –S. 83-92.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Allahverdieva F. Kh.
Prospects for the development of hydrogen energy in Russia
The accelerating rate of global warming is contributing to the development of clean energy. Russia has adopted a roadmap to achieve strategic goals in the field of hydrogen energy. The available advantages, such as free capacities of hydroelectric power plants and nuclear power plants, the possibility for the development of wind turbines, cooperation with other countries and a developed system of gas pipelines, make it possible to become a world leader in the field of export and domestic consumption.
Keywords: hydrogen energy, scenario method, roadmap, hydrocarbons, nuclear power plants, hydroelectric power plants, wind turbines.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vodorodnaja jenergetika Rossii i Evropy: perspektivy rynka na $700 mlrd // RBK Trendy. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://trends.rbc.ru/trends/green/5ef46e379a7947a89c25170d (data obrashhenija: 04.04.2021).
2. Vybrosy CO2 ot szhiganija topliva // Statisticheskij ezhegodnik mirovoj jenergetiki 2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://yearbook.enerdata.ru/co2-fuel-combustion/CO2-emissionsdata-from-fuel-combustion.html (data obrashhenija:01.04.2021).
3. Pravitel'stvo Rossijskoj Federacii utverdilo plan meroprijatij po razvitiju vodorodnoj jenergetiki // Ministerstvo jenergetiki RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://minenergo.gov.ru/node/19194 (data obrashhenija: 26.03.2021).
4. Ramochnaja konvencija Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij ob izmenenii klimata // Konvencii i soglashenija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/climate_framework_conv.shtml (data obrashhenija: 01.04.2021).
5. Statistika // Ministerstvo jenergetiki RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://minenergo.gov.ru/activity/statistic (data obrashhenija: 17.03.2021).
6. Orehova S.V., Butakov I.A., Zaruckaja V.S. Specifichnost' investicij v resursy gruppy kompanij// Diskussija. 2021. # 5 (108). S. 58-66.
7. Solovova Ju.V. Transformacii mirovoj jenergeticheskoj sistemy v kontekste tendencii jenergeticheskogo perehoda // Diskussija. 2021. # 4 (107). S. 49-58.
8. Tat'jana Mitrova, Jurij Mel'nikov, Dmitrij Chugunov Mesto Rossii v global'noj vodorodonoj jekonomike // Skolkovo. Moskovskaja shkola upravlenija. Vodorodnaja jekonomika - put' k nizkouglerodnomu razvitiju. 2019
9. Mehdiev Je.T., Guliev I.A. Analiz tehnologii posledovatel'noj perekachki po truboprovodam nefti i nefteproduktov, primenjaemoj v vedushhih stranah Evropy // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. 2016. # 10-2 (75). S. 679-684.
10. Salygin V., Guliev I., Chernysheva N., Sokolova E., Toropova N., Egorova L. Global shale revolution:successes, challenges, and prospects // Sustainability. 2019. T. 11. # 6. S. 1627.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Tsybina A. P.
Intellectual infrastructure of innovative educational environment of the region
In the context of modern trends in the development of an innovative society in Russia, innovations are becoming the main driver and incentive for development. Any innovation system is based on an innovative infrastructure. The article presents a scheme of innovative infrastructure facilities, analyzes the main trends of innovative development of the Republic of Bashkortostan. The author proves the need to create a model of the innovative infrastructure of the region, in which educational organizations can be easily integrated as a source of developing human capital, starting with basic general education, in which the range of objects of the innovative structure of the republic will be expanded , taking into account the emphasis on human capital.
Keywords: innovation, educational environment, regional development, intellectual infrastructure, innovation potential, intellectual capital.
Work bibliographic list
1. Associacija innovacionnyh regionov Rossii –AIRR. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://i-regions.org/ (data obrashhenija: 27.11.2021).
2. Bekker G. S. Chelovecheskoe povedenie: jekonomicheskij podhod. Izbrannye trudy po jekonomicheskoj teorii. - M: GU VShJe, 2003. - # 2.
3. Doroshenko Ju. A., Klashnikov A. N. Jekonomicheskoe soderzhanie ponjatija «chelovecheskij kapital» // Belgorodskij jekonomicheskij vestnik. Nauchno-informacionnyj zhurnal. - 2011. - # 1-2 (61-62). - S. 3-7.
4. Kalinina M. I. Formirovanie i upravlenie innovacionnoj infrastrukturoj regiona, dissertacija na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni k.je.n. - SPb.: RGB, 2007.
5. Material'no-tehnicheskoe obespechenie Vooruzhjonnyh sil Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Material'no-tehnicheskoe_obespechenie_Vooruzhjonnyh_sil_Rossijskoj_Federacii (data obrashhenija:
24.11.2021).
6. Prognoz dolgosrochnogo social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2030 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://static.government.ru/media/files/41d457592e04b76338b7.pdft (data obrashhenija: 27.11.2021).
7. Rajzberg B. A. Sovremennyj jekonomicheskij slovar' – 5-e izd. - M.: INFRA-M, 2007.
8. Tomas A. Stjuart. Intellektual'nyj kapital. - M.:Pokolenie, 2007. - 368 s.
9. Hadzhalova H. M. Obrazovanie v formirovanii chelovecheskogo kapitala // UJePS: upravlenie, jekonomika, politika, sociologija. - 2018. - # 1. - S. 24-30.
10. Chelovecheskij kapital. Material iz Vikipedii svobodnoj jenciklopedii. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chelovecheskij_kapital (data obrashhenija: 27.11.2021).
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Elkhova O. I., Kudryashev A. F.
Paradigmatic development of science
This paper examines the paradigmatic evolutionary development of science. The authors rely on the works of T. Kuhn, then, following V. S. Stepin, there are four shifts of research paradigms. The dependence of the research results on the scientist’s orientation towards one or another paradigm is emphasized. The article suggests that the subsequent scientific paradigm will focus on what is called “Nothing” in philosophical terminology, i.e. on the dark energy of the cosmic vacuum, it is also called the darkness of the creation of the world. It is noted that before that, science focused mainly on real-life matter. The movement of thought in this direction will shed light on the riddle of the emergence of the material from the formlessness of the nonexistent.
Keywords: philosophy of science, modern science, scientific paradigm, normal science, scientific revolution.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vojshvillo E. K., Kupcov V. I. K voprosu o preemstvennoj svjazi teorij // Princip sootvetstvija:istoriko-metodologicheskij analiz. - M.: Nauka, 1979. - S. 133-138.
2. Stepin V. S. Osobennosti nauchnogo poznanija i kriterii tipov nauchnoj racional'nosti // Jepistemologija i filosofija nauki. – 2013. - T. XXXVI. - #2. - S. 78-91.
3. Bird A. Thomas Kuhn. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode:https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2018/entries/thomas-kuhn/ (date of access: 01.12.2021).
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Aminev M. M., Abrarov I. I.
Humanistic values of social work
The task of each State is to create a social protection system that could quickly and qualitatively improve the standard of living of socially vulnerable groups of the population. This task can be realized by creating flexible social protection programs at all levels and then the state will achieve the highest possible satisfaction of life for Russian citizens, a sense of happiness and well-being.
Keywords: happiness, social work, well-being, social protection of the population, spiritual need.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vsemirnyj indeks schast'ja New Economic Foundation.[Jelektronnyj resurs] — Rezhim dostupa: https://gtmarket.ru/ratings/happy-planet-index/info (data obrashhenija: 15.10.2021).
2. Shmatova Ju. E., Morev M. V. Izmerenie urovnja schast'ja: literaturnyj obzor rossijskih i zarubezhnyh issledovanij // Jekonomicheskie i social'nye peremeny: fakty, tendencii, prognoz. - 2015. - # 3(39). - S. 141-162.
3. Siporin M. Introduction to Social Work Practice. - N.Y.:Macmillan Publishing, 1975. - 468 p.
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Burlova Yu. A.
Normativeness of consciousness as a socio-philosophical problem
The article examines modern approaches to understanding the normativity of consciousness, growing out of the European transcendental philosophical tradition, founded by Descartes and Kant as the beginning of internalism. The social and anthropological foundations of the normativity of consciousness are also considered, various approaches to their definition are given. Judgments about the normativity of consciousness, in modern social philosophy, most often proceed from externalist attitudes that the subject is bound by some social regulations, which he is obliged to follow. These are framework judgments of a deontic nature, connected in complexes that have coercive force in relation to the subject. In phenomenology, normativity was attributed to the phenomenon of communication, and formed the basis of the latter. In this case, the subject and his intention turned out to be irreparable from the communicative sphere, and normativity turned into a way of influencing one consciousness on another with the aim of changing it.
Keywords: society, norm, normativity, normative system, consciousness, social subject, representation, externalism, internalism, phenomenology.
Work bibliographic list
1. Al'churron K. Je., Bulygin E. V. Normativnye sistemy / Per. s angl. M. V. Antonova; pod red. E. V. Bulygina, E. N. Lisanjuk // Rossijskij ezhegodnik teorii prava. - # 3. - 2010. - S. 307-470.
2. Velezhev S. S. Normativnost' prava kak projavlenie normativnosti soznanija // Vestnik Vladimirskogo juridicheskogo instituta. - 2011. - # 2 (19). - S. 58-60.
3. Vitgenshtejn L. Filosofskie issledovanija. - M.: Gnozis, 1994. - 612 s.
4. Dekart R. Sochinenija v 2 t.: Per. s lat. i franc. T. 1. Sost., red., vstup. st. V. V. Sokolova. - M.: Mysl', 1989. - 654 s.
5. Ivanov D. V. Normativnost' v filosofii soznanija// Filosofija nauki i tehniki. - 2021. - T. 26. - # 2.- S. 115–126.
6. Kant I. Kritika prakticheskogo razuma / Per. s nem. N. M. Sokolova. − Izd. 3 URSS, 2012. - 192 s.
7. Kuskova S. M. Problema normativnosti soznanija bez sub"ekta // Filosofija. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. - 2017. - T. 1. - # 4. - S. 38-58.
8. Lipatov Je. G. Normativnost' pravovyh javlenij // Dissertacija na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk. - Saratov, 1996.
9. Lysun O. V. Normativnost' i antinormativnost' soznanija − poljarnost' i edinstvo // Vlast' i upravlenie na Vostoke Rossii. - 2014. - # 2 (67). - S. 126-131.
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Gofman A. A., Timoschuk A. S.
Energy sustainability challenges
Urbanized humanity is very vulnerable; modern cities can only function if energy security is ensured. Heating, water supply, communications, food supplies, transportation - all these critical needs for industrial Russian centers today cannot be met exclusively by non-fossil energy.
Keywords: sustainable development, energy efficiency, energy security, non-fossil energy sources, alternative energy, renewable energy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gladkij Ju. N. Globalistika: mnozhestvennost' obrazov, geograficheskoe osmyslenie // Geografija mirovogo razvitija. k 90-letiju Instituta geografii Rossijskoj Akademii Nauk. Institut geografii RAN. - Moskva, 2009. - S. 130-145.
2. Lukashenko I. V. Riski ispol'zovanija uglerodnoj edinicy kak instrumenta finansovogo rynka //Jekonomika. Nalogi. Pravo. - 2013. - # 4. - S. 50-54.
3. Putin V. V. Soveshhanie s chlenami Pravitel'stva 24 nojabrja 2021 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/67188(data obrashhenija: 09.12.2021).
4. Sulejmanov S. R., Sochneva S. V., Trofimov N. V., Galljamov Je. A. Global'naja dekarbonizacija: tekushhie tendencii i prognozy // Vestnik Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta. - 2021. - T.16. - # 3 (63). - S. 32-37.
5. Smirnova S. V., Bolotov P. V., Petrushin D. E., Gluhov D. A., Popov M. G. Trend vremeni – raspredelennaja generacija: kak on realizuetsja v Rossii i kak vlijaet na otrasl' // Voprosy jelektrotehnologii. -2020. - # 2 (27). - S. 20-28.
6. Timoshhuk A. S. Filosofija jenergojeffektivnosti //Jenergetika i jenergosberezhenie: teorija i praktika. Sbornik materialov V Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - Kemerovo: KuzGTU,2020. - S. 259-1-259-5.
7. Tjurin A. N. Klassifikacija global'nyh problem chelovechestva // Novaja nauka: sovremennoe sostojanie i puti razvitija. - 2016. - # 10-2. - S. 15-18.
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Ikhsanov A. U.
Globalization as an instrument of rapprochement of national cultures: myths and reality
The article is devoted to the study of the socio-philosophical concept of globalism and the problem of national cultures in modern society. The author explores the concept of “globality”, examines the processes of universalization and differentiation of national cultures; it is revealed that the multicultural nature of society in many countries is ignored, some of them do not recognize the enriching value of different cultures and cultural, ethnic and linguistic diversity; the article determines that it is impossible to deny cultural diversity, which is currently a fact of life of the modern “global village”. Special attention is paid to the problem of multiculturalism, it is established that this concept today is looking for new ways by which different cultures could achieve mutual understanding and recognition of each other.
Keywords: globalization, tolerance, multiculturalism, charity, culture, national culture, cultural differences.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kas'janova E. I. Fenomenologicheskij analiz sushhnostnyh aspektov kategorii «Tolerantnost'» // Uchenye zapiski Zabajkal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Sociologicheskie nauki. - S. 63-71.
2. Parilov O. V. «Tri razgovora…» Vl. Solov'eva i sovremennoe tolerantnoe obshhestvo // Solov'jovskie issledovanija. - 2010. - Vypusk 3 (27). - S. 31-37.
3. Postnova D. V. Granicy tolerantnosti // Filosofskie nauki. - S. 88. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/granitsy-tolerantnosti /
4. Solov'ev V.S. Spor o spravedlivosti. Soch. - M., 1989.- T. 2. - 769 s.
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Tumanyan G. V.
Decision making in the framework of anthropocentric public administration. On the example of the confrontation between anti-vaccination (anti-vaxers) and the public health system
The phenomenon of anti-vaccination movement in the context of anthropocentric public administration is considered. This topic is gaining its relevance due to the active spread of a new coronavirus infection, which, due to insufficient efforts (to vaccinate humanity) of states and international organizations, systematically mutates and spreads with greater activity. Anthropocentric public administration is focused on a person, on increasing his well-being and quality of life, providing the most comfortable conditions, and most importantly, it is focused on the needs and demands of people. The problem of anti-vaccination in a global pandemic is not only a problem of personal choice, but also a problem of caring for others. Indeed, the lack of vaccination in a large number of people negatively affects the formation of “collective immunity” and the rate of spread of the disease. An incident arises: if you follow the values of anthropocentric governance, the state should oblige some citizens to be vaccinated, violating their right to choose in order to protect the whole society, or should it neglect public interests, exposing the life and health of some citizens in order not to violate the right to choose others?
Keywords: vaccination, anti-vaccination movement, anthropocentricity, public administration, philosophy of management, social philosophy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Goroshko N. V., Emel'janova E. K., Pacala S. V. Problema kovid-antivakcinatorstva: Rossija na mirovom // Social'nye aspekty zdorov'ja naselenija. -2021. - # 4. DOI 10.21045/2071-5021-2021-67-4-3.
2. Kaljuzhnaja T. A., Fedoseenko M. V., Namazova-Baranova L. S., Gajvoronskaja A. G., Shahtahtinskaja F. Ch., Tkachenko N. E., Broeva M. I., Privalova T. E., Vishnjova E. A., Chemakina D. S., Kasatkina Ju. Ju., Gajvoronskaja K. M. Preodolenie «antiprivivochnogo skepsisa»: poiski reshenija vyhoda iz slozhivshejsja situacii // Pediatricheskaja farmakologija. - 2018. - # 2. - S. 141–148. DOI 10.15690/pf.v15i2.1871.
3. Leskova I. V., Zjazin S. Ju. Nedoverie k vakcinacii kak informacionnyj vbros // Problemy social'noj gigieny, zdravoohranenija i istorii mediciny. - 2021. - # 1. - S. 37–40. DOI 10.32687/0869-866X-2021-29-1-37-40.
4. Nefedov I. Ju., Nefedova I. Ju., Valeeva D. T. Izuchenie priverzhennosti farmacevticheskih rabotnikov i naselenija immunoprofilaktike koronavirusnoj infekcii // Vestnik medicinskogo instituta «REAVIZ»: reabilitacija, vrach i zdorov'e. - 2021. - # 4. - S. 15–24. DOI 10.20340/vmirvz.2021.4.COVID.1.
5. Orlova N. V., Fedulaev Ju. N., Filatova M. N., Orlova S. Ju. Vlijanie sredstv massovoj informacii i social'nyh setej na formirovanie obshhestvennogo mnenija o vakcinacii // Pediatrija. Consilium Medicum. - 2020. - # 4. - S. 17-24. DOI 10.26442/26586
630.2020.4.200531.
6. Spasennikov B. A. COVID-19: uroki vakcinacii // Bjulleten' Nacional'nogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo instituta obshhestvennogo zdorov'ja imeni N.A. Semashko. - 2021. - #3. - S. 116–125. DOI 10.25742/ NRIPH.2021.03.017.
7. Jashina M. N., Vlasova A. A. Antiprivivochnyj skepsis u roditelej // Social'nye aspekty zdorov'ja naselenija. - 2020. - # 1. - S. 1-23. DOI 10.21045/2071-5021-2020-66-1-10.

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