CONTENT OF NUMBER
AND SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES

EURASIAN LAW JOURNAL №2(153)2021

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PERSONA GRATA
Turgay Huseynov:
The triumph of international lawis the key to Ensuring security in the South Caucasus
Interview with Turgay Imamgulu oglu Huseynov, Ph.D.in Law, Head of the Legal Clinic of the Faculty of Law of the Baku State University, member of the Presidium of the Bar Association of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Chairman of the Editorial Board of the Azerbaijan Law Journal

INTERNATIONAL LAW
Аfanasjev E.G.
Fair and equitable treatment in the framework of International investment law and its elements
Etdzaaeva K.A.
Issues of jurisdiction and responsibility in human rights treaties
Kislitsyna N.F., Yakovleva V.E.
Transport security and safety at the universal and regional level: international legal analysis
Rahmonzoda Sh.K.
On some issues of bilateral cooperation of the Republic of Tajikistan in the field of environmental protection
Safarov V.R., Trofimova O.A., Baymurzin A.S.
The legal nature of decisions of interstate bodies and their place in the legal system of Russia
Abbud R.R.
Current issues of international law in terms of crimes in the field of computer information
Ariyants A.A.
Development of the refugee protection system in international law
Levashova A.V., Klimchenko V.I., Belash E.A.
Analysis of foreign practices of consolidating the norms on artificial intelligence in legislation

EUROPEAN LAW
Falkina T.Yu., Mikheeva S.N.
On the legal regulation of electronic commerce in the European Union

THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Dergunov A.A.
Preemptive right as a component of the special status of civil servants
Nesterov V.N.
Social foundations, functions, and sources of legal systems
Pospelov S.V., Nuriev B.D.
Legal support of energy security: the problem of institutionalization
PotemkinaO.S.
Forms of implementation of the communicative function of law: problem statement
ShitovaT.V.
Social policy of modern Russia
FastovichG.G.
Problem of feature of effectiveness in the theory of law (on the example of a unified system
of public authority)
BogachV.V.,BalbekovaE.V.
«Truth» and «falsity» of the rule of law, the main approaches
BeidaI.A.
Legal aspects of the regulation of ethnic conflict in order to level the threats of ethnic terrorism

HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Aybatov M.M., Abakarov G.A., Kaytmazov M.A.
Cicero’s doctrine of state and law
Gulyaeva T.B., Gnetova L.V.
Features of the legal regulation of female labor in the Soviet legislation of 1925-1927
Nedzelyuk T.G.
Dynamics of the process of withdrawal of Church values (1920-1930-ies): based on the materials
of the Siberian archives
Kiseleva I.A., Fedyushkina A.I.
The system of principles of criminal procedure in the Criminal Code of Charles V
Molotkov M.B., Shipov O.V.
Right and law in the political and legal concept of Konstantin Alekseevich Nevolin
Gindullin N.F. ,Kadyrova G.F., Bondarenko A.V., Lukiyanov M.Yu.
Legal regulation of benefits and privileges in the soviet period of Russian development
Yakovets E.N., Zhuravlenko N.I.
Why “Crimean California” didn’t become the 51st US state? Part I

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Arkhipkina A.S., Bobrova E.A.
Features of self-protection of human rights and freedoms
Zinkov E.N.
On certain restrictions on the constitutional rights of persons sentenced to imprisonment
Kuznetsov S.A.
Institute of the President of the Russian Federation in the light of constitutional reform
Khayrov A.D.
On the issue of some features of the principle of publicity in constitutional justice
Saidov F.Z.
Constitutional and legal basis for the activities of the Ombudsman of the Kyrgyz Republic to ensure human and civil rights and freedoms
Chentsov S.D.
The right to native language: Russian and foreign experience
Chuprys M.K.
Some powers of the commissions for minors and other state bodies for protecting the rights of minors in the Republic of Belarus
Yakimova E.M., Soshin A.A.
Constitutional principles of regulatory policy regarding entrepreneurial activity as the basis of “regulated entrepreneurship” in modern Russia
Voronina A.A.
The content of the amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, introduced by the Law of the Russian Federation on amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation dated 14.03.2020 № 1-Federal Constitutional Law and their admissibility in accordance with current legislation
Platoshkina S.Yu.
Causes and problems of preventing crimes against minors

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Abdreev T.I.
Current issues of state and municipal control of business entities in the context of administrative reform
Bulgakova L.S.
Administrative and legal aspects of ensuring the environmental safety of Russia as an element of national security
Gasanaliev A. S., Mansurov U. O.
Problems of the process of organizing the management system in the domestic healthcare sector
Zhumakanova Zh. K.
Ways to protect the rights and legitimate interests of road users
Kovalchuk A. P.
The problem of allowing a driver who does not have a Russian national driver’s license to drive a vehicle
Lusegenova Z. S.
On modern forms of Government
Mosinyan K. T.
Legal and organizational bases of the policy of combating corruption and conflict of Interests in the subjects of the Russian Federation (on the example of the Tyumen Region and its Autonomous Districts)
Ovchinnikova L. I.
Modern information and communication technologies and their impact on the efficiency of state and municipal Administration
Sitkov M. A., Pyatkov M. V.
Some aspects of administrative and legal regulation in the field of fire safety
Sysoeva T. V., Sysoev A. V
Comparative analysis of some norms of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offenses
Filin V. V., Fetkulov A. H., Rakhimgulova M. B., Baikenzhina K. A.
On some issues of improving the administrative legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the light of the president’s message
Chagin I. B.
Legal experiment as a tool to ensure the quality of legal regulation
Adamenko A. M.
Regulatory practice of preserving sacred places in the subject of the federation: based on materials of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

MUNICIPAL LAW
Mikheeva T. N.
Local self-government in the light of the polemic on amendments to the Constitution of Russia

CIVIL LAW
Ananyeva E.O., Ivliev P. V.
Prospects for the development of mass media in modern Russia
Dolgushina L. V., Stupina S. A.,
Current issues of bankruptcy of physical person
Ivliev P. V., Koshelyuk B. E.
The concept and legal nature of an escrow account agreement as a way to ensure the fulfillment of obligations
Kozhokar I. P.
Legal consequences of the invalidity of an imaginary transaction
Lashevich A. A.
Implementation of the idea of justice in the norms of legislation on consumer protection
Nurgaleev M. S., Petrov E. N.
Features of the interpretation of the concept of parallel import as a complex political, economic and legal phenomenon
Permyakov M. V., Kilin A. G., Bannykh S. G.
Legal bases of state regulation of business activity
Sheremetjeva N. V., Melnikov A. D.
Grounds and conditions for requesting evidence in arbitration proceedings
Grechenkovа K. A.
Codification as a form of law-making and as a form of systematization of legislation
Mysak N. Ya.
The concept and criteria of insolvency (bankruptcy) of individuals in Russian law and law of foreign countries
Nosyrev N. A.
Responsibility of information intermediary for violations in distribution of compositions in the Internet
Sayfutdinov A. R.
The concept of civil liability of harm caused by the State to business entities

CIVIL PROCESS
Gabazov T. S., Idrisov H. V.
Separate conflict problems of ancipal judicial decision
Shevchenko G. V., Bogatyreva A. T.
Influence of the legal positions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on the development of the procedural principle of adversarial parties
Khasanshina F. G., Khasanshin I. A., Khasanshin R. I.
Peculiarities of consideration of claims to collect funds from state and budgetary institutions in Arbitration Court in the procedure of simplified proceedings

LAND LAW
Vlasov V. A., Tolstikov V. A., Mashinistova D. A.
Certain aspects of the development of the legal model of criminal liability for committing crimes in the field of land relations
Vlasov V. A., Tolstikov V.A., Mashinistova D. A.
Administrative responsibility for committing land offenses:certain issues of classification

TAX LAW
Petrov R. V., Azarkhin A. V.
Improving tax benefits in the Russian Federation through monitoring their efficiency

FINANCIAL LAW
Bulaev M. A., Arslanbekova A. S.
Prospects for the development of organizational and legal regulation of the national payment system of the Russian Federation
Ivanova S. V., Azarkhin A. V.
Experience and problems of audit activity development in the Russian Federation
Kartashov A. V.
To the question about support measures of individual participants of the financial market in the conditions of the coronavirus pandemic
Korobova A. P., Karev D. A.
On the question of the organization of financial activities, as subjects of the state’s financial and legal policy
Yakimenko K. S., Arkhireeva A. S., Ochakovsky V. A.
Audit secrecy: the legal regime

CRIMINAL LAW
Badamshin I. D., Bilalova L. R., Kolomiychenko E. V.
Repentance within the framework of the institution of exemption from criminal liability
Vasilenko M. M., Vedyakova E. N.
Crime prevention among law enforcement officers
Gutieva I. G.
Criminal law characteristics of theft
Elchaninov A. P., Elchaninova O. Yu.
Procedure for the expulsion abroad of foreigners who have committed offenses on the territory of Russia, according to the legislation of the Russian Empire of the early twentieth century
Karchaeva K. A.
Activities of the internal affairs bodies in the direction of preventing criminal behavior of minors
Kodzokova L. A., Kashirgov A. H.
On the question of the composition of the crime
Koval M. I.
Features of employment of convicts serving a criminal sentence in the form of imprisonment
Zobova Yu. A., Nazarova N. L.
On the responsibility of persons for crimes committed with artificial intelligence
Magomedov Z. O., Nutsalhanov G. N.
The concept of extortion in the system of crimes against property
Mamkhiagov Z. Z.
Administrative prejudice in the Russian Criminal Code and the level of criminal repression
Marianov A. A., Mirzaev Z. M., Lavarslanova M. G.
Prevention of juvenile delinquency associated with the illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their analogues
Nabiyev F. F.
The improvement of the criminal law provides for liability for intentional destruction or damage of property
Prokudina P. O., Goncharuk N. A., Tsedrik V. A., Zhuravleva E. V.
Coercive measures of medical nature: legislative definition
Kodzokova L. A., Karchaeva K. A.
The concept and problems of qualification of vandalism
Sych K. A.
Historical and legal trends in the criminal responsibility of minors
Stupina S. A.
On the issue of object of extortion
Suyunova D. J.
Improvement of criminal law measures to prevent violence against women
Tsebekova G. V., Basanov V. V., Shipiev S. M.
Fraud with the usage of plastic cards
Khabibova L. D.
Institute of property confiscation in the criminal legislation of Russia and foreign countries
Halilov Sh. M., Radjabov Sh. R.
Abuse of authority in commercial and other organizations:problems of theory and practice
Shogenov T. M., Burayeva L. A.
On the current issues of the growth of crime in the field of bank cards
Yushina Yu. V.
To the question of some dissonances in the appointment of a fine to juvenile convicts
Yurtaev V. A., Knyazeva N. A.
To the question of the legal status of civic smoothbore weapons and non-lethal weapons, its components and ammunition in modern national legislation
Yaroshenko O. N.
Criminal policy of the Russian Federation in the field of crimes against public morality
Belyalov R. T., Radjabov S. R.
Methods of crimes in the field of illegal trafficking of strong or toxic substances for the purpose of sale
Zaigraeva V. K.
Determination of the end of the smuggling of strategically important goods and resources
Mammadov V. N.
Release from criminal liability with the appointment of a court fine in the norms of foreign legislation
Moiseeva A. K.
Preventing acts of facilitating terrorist activities in the contex of the coronavirus pandemic СOVID-19
Polichnaya T. E.
On the question of the ratio of the elements of crimes provided for in Articles 148 and 239 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation

CRIMINAL PROCESS
Guseva I. I., Zubkov V. N.
About some contradictions in determining the amount of compensation for non-pecuniary damage
Dorosinskaya A. M.
Decision on the appointment of an examination: issues of the implementation of the rights arising in connection with the adoption of this decision by the participants in criminal proceedings
Zaytseva E. V.
Criminal procedure and organizational aspects of the investigation of fraud in housing sphere
Zakeryaev M. M., Nutsalhanov G. N.
Checking the grounds for initiating a criminal case
Rastoropov S. V.
Possibilities of punitive legislation in the treatment of diseases: on the completeness of the measures applied
Stanovaia O. V. Chetverous A. N.
Problematic issues of the formation, maintenance, use of forensic recording of shoe soles traces
and the appointment of traceological examinations for these traces
Talyneva Z. Z., Lifanova M. V.
The need to form a conciliatory nature of the activities of the world court in cases of private prosecution as a real necessity
Khakunov A. M., Napsokov A. R.
Features of interrogation of the accused after indictment
Kharzinova V. M.
Some features of the application of a preventive measure «prohibition of certain actions»

CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Abolmasova T. E.
Influence of religion on the process of correction of convicts in prison
Kudzhaev D. Ya., Abdulaev K. M.
Vocational education and training of convicts
Maltseva S. N., Geranin V. V., Epifanov O. S.
Some issues of improving the execution of punishment in correctional colonies
Rastoropova O. V.
Is it permissible for a gross violation of the regime of serving a sentence to place convicts held in medical correctional institutions (LIU) in a penal isolation cell (SHIZO)?: statement of the problem and the author’s comment
Ulendeeva N. I.
Organizational and legal regulation of public-private partnership in industrial production activities of correctional institutions
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Ardashev R. G.
On the forensic medical characteristics of the facts of suicide, which outwardly resembles a murder
Erokhin R. A., Antonenko A. E.
Application of innovative special technical means in ensuring road safety in the Russian Federation
Lonshchakova A. R.
Possibility of identification of criminally significant information in analysis of response on cyber-incidents
Maltseva S. N., Suleymanov T. A.
Organizational and criminalistic problems of solving crimes related to illegal trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances in institutions that provide isolation from society
Poziy V. S.
Some features of the handwriting examination at the modern stage
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V., Bodko S. P., Seisebaev V. K.
Tactical features of a criminal case and the production of the original investigation in the investigation of illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances in a penal institutions
Galyautdinov R. R.
Directions of counteraction to preliminary investigation of official violent crimes and situational methods of their neutralization and overcoming

CRIMINOLOGY
Ardashev R. G.
Technical ramming in combat conditions –a kind of suicide and self-harm?
Litvinov R. V.
Domestic violence and its prevention
Nikitina L. N., Medvedev P. A., Pankova V. A.
The research of the extremist idea promotion in a computer game space
Salnikov A. A.
Measures of special criminological prevention of transport hooliganism

LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Aliev A. M., Alieva A. I., Marianov A. A.
The activities of the internal affairs bodies in the prevention and suppression of offenses committed by minors
Akhiyarov R. A., Koshevets G. V.
Ensuring the personal safety of employees of the internal affairs bodies
Musa Ye. T.
Formation of the legal culture of the military personnel of the Naval Force of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Nikitin A. I., Arkhipov E. V., Pesterev N. N.
Questions of the psychological state and rehabilitation of police officers after the use of firearms
Zoz V. A., Pestretsov M. A.
Artificial intelligence as a tool in the detection and prevention of crimes
Stepanov G. I., Babin A. V., Zinnatov R. R.
Actual problems in the formation of professional skills in the performance of combat techniques of fighting among employees of divisions of internal affairs bodies
Barchukov V. K.
Evolution of the application of separate types of artificial intelligence in the system of managing
the activities of law enforcement bodies

ANTICORRUPTION LAW
Bondar A. G., Kondratyev A. A.
Optimization of the public services sector as one of the key factors reducing the level of corruption
Samiulina Ya. V., Sukhanova K. A.
Corruption in the internal affairs of Russia: attitude of youth to the problem
Taran A. N., Ogryza A. V., Taran K. A.
Domestic corruption

JUDICIARY
Galimov E. E., Dudin N. S.
To the issue of preventive measures elected without obtaining a court decision
Mogilevskiy G. A., Sanin E. P.
Process of recognition of a soldier missing: problems of judicial practice

PROSECUTOR’S SUPEVISION
Babenko S. V., Sadovaya D. S.
Problems of theory and practice of Prosecutor’s supervision over the preliminary investigation of Cybercrimes

HUMAN RIGHTS
Albuteef Mohammed Adnan Karkan
Islamic system for the protection of human rights as a reflection of trends towards the regionalization of human rights systems
Bulima A. R., Kurlyshev A. O., Yakovlev D. G.
On improving the Institution of the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation

STATE AND LAW
Khavadzhi D. R.
To the question about the relationship of economy, law and politics

POLICY AND LAW
Arсhybasov M. E., Shimanova O. N., Erte A. E.
On the impact of administrative and managerial changes in the Republic of Bashkortostan and the activities of the FP of the Republic of Bashkortostan on the transformation of the political image of the region

SECURITY AND LAW
Aripshev A. M.
The impact of the pandemic on extremism:a legal review and the emergence of a new determinant
Tlupova A. V., Kymisheva M. K.
Features of the legal regime for the dissemination of information in social networks
Chelpanova M. M., Sizova N. M.
Economic aspects of terrorist activities
Shamaev A. M.
Issues of improving legislation in the field of road safety

PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW
Romanovskaya I. V.
Factors determining the professional deformation of police employees

SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Gaysina L. M., Baranov E. Yu.
Social and communication technologies as an element of legal culture
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Zaitsev A. G., Takmakova E. V., Zubanova A. E.
Dynamics of income of the rural population of the Orel region
Kormishova A. V.
Current issues of improving the strategic management of tourist services
Marchenkova L. M., Samorodova E. M., Ilyukhina I. B.
Prospects for the correlation of politics and law in international relations
Medvedeva L. B., Ustinova O. V.
Strategic directions of agricultural producers as a factor of increasing food security in the region
Ortskhanova M. A., Kitieva M. I., Polonkoeva F. Ya.
Russian labor market in modern economic conditions
Rogovskaya N. I., Dyuzheva M. B.
Requirements of the professional standard for the activity of an Internet marketer
Romanova A. A., Romanov P. A.
Modern approaches to risk assessment in innovation planning
Petlya A. A.
Features of the strategic management of enterprises in the construction industry
Yankin G. N.
Key goals of the EAEU member States as an interstate integration association
Medvedeva L. B., Filippova I. A
Lean production from theory to practice
Benashvili K. A.
EU energy policy on the case of the southern gas corridor project

PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Abuzarova N. A.
On human morality
Vorokhobov A. V., Semikopov D. V.,
Sobko R. V., Ulanov M. V.,
Aesthetic and moral in the humanistic philosophy of N. V. Gogol
Kruchinin S. V.
Understanding climate change due to the pandemic
Sudakova N. E., Plintsovsky A. S.
Philosophical reflection of inclusive festival movement in the context of disability (on the example of the experience of the USA and EU countries)
Ivanova E. V., Melnikova E. V.
Legal protection of religious sentiments of believers: features of conducting religious expertise
Kulzhanova G. T.
On the question of the socio-cultural integrity of the concept of «Human capital»
Gimalovа I. V.
Changing characteristics of social space (reflections in the context of a pandemic)
Kruchinin S. V.
Meritocracy as a type of discrimination
Ilikaev A. S.
«Purely Mari faith» as a way of national self-determination of the Mari people
Avdonin А. N.
On the foundations of social foresight. Part 2. (Alternative-attractor approach to the war of 1941-1945 and modernity)
Bondarenko V. N.
On the formation of neoclassical philosophy
Vildanov Kh. S., Bikimbetov R. G., Vakhitov R. R.
Social mobility of the population and factors of its formation in Russia
Pozdyaeva S. M., Rumyantseva A. A.
Features of consumption in modern society
Stol A. B.
The idea of liberation and specificity of cognitive practices in Buddhist teaching

INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Аfanasjev E.G.
Fair and equitable treatment in the framework of International investment law and its elements
In the article, the author considered the problem of defining the FET elements with respect to OECD and UNCTAD documents, international treaties and arbitral practice. The author came to the conclusion that there is no clear and uniform understanding of the standard. Nevertheless, new generation international treaties and arbitral practice allow to highlight certain elements of the standard, such as legitimate expectations, due process, good faith, non-discrimination, and some others.
Keywords: FET, OECD, UNCTAD, legitimate expectations, due process, good faith, CETA.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ancselovits P., Elias M., Klein N., Roisblatt O. Fair and Equitable Treatment and Regulatory Space:A Comparative Analysis of Different Models. -Georgetown university. [Electronic resource]. – Access mode: https://georgetown.app.box.com/s/wwq2krfx21chxkci6nmhwhllh2pwr9lt (accessed: 30.12.2020).
2. Muchlinski P. Multinational Enterprises and the Law. -Oxford International Law Library. – 1995 - 2nd Edition– 720 p.
3. Barrera E. The Case for Removing the Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard from NAFTA // Center for International Governance Innovation. – 2007. - #128. – 20 p.
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INTERNATIONAL LAW
Etdzaaeva K.A.
Issues of jurisdiction and responsibility in human rights treaties
State jurisdiction is a complex and ambiguous term, understood in different ways in various branches of international law. In international human rights law, this concept acquires a critical meaning, since it defines the limits of the obligations of States parties to protect human rights. Commonly, states do not claim their jurisdiction, since the actions imputed to the state usually take place within its territory and are committed by state bodies or officials. As a rule, the issue of whether a state has jurisdiction and how the concepts of “responsibility” and “jurisdiction” relate, arises in rare cases related to the activities of states outside their borders. In such cases, states challenge not only the existence of their own jurisdiction, but also the jurisdiction of the human rights supervisory organs.
This article examines the main differences between the term “jurisdiction” in general international law and human rights law. At the same time, the author examines the reasons why the territorial scope of human rights treaties was determined through the States parties’ jurisdiction and how this affects the admissibility of complaints. Also it is examined how the state jurisdiction relates to the jurisdiction of the supervisory organs. In the final part of the article, the author tries to distinguish the concepts of “jurisdiction” and “responsibility”.
Keywords: jurisdiction, territory, extraterritorial application of human rights treaties, admissibility criteria, extraterritorial state
jurisdiction, responsibility in international law, International Court of Justice, European Court of Human Rights, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
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23. Mann F. The Doctrine of International Jurisdiction Revisited after Twenty Years (Volume 186), in: Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law.
24. Martha R.S.J. The Jurisdiction to Tax in International Law: Theory and Practice of Legislative Fiscal Jurisdiction, 1989.
25. Milanovic M. Extraterritorial Application of Human Rights Treaties: Law, Principles, and Policy // Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011.
26. Mundiya T. Extraterritorial Injunctions against Sovereign Litigants in US Courts: The Need for a Per Se Rule, ICLQ 44 (1995).
27. O’Boyle M. ‘The European Convention on Human Rights and Extraterritorial Jurisdiction: A Comment on “Life After Bankovic” in Coomans and Kamminga.
28. O’Keefe R. Universal Jurisdiction: Clarifying the Basic Concept, (2004) 2 JICJ.
29. Oppenheim’s International Law, 9th ed., vol. I, Peace.
30. Orakhelashvili, ‘Restrictive Interpretation of the Human Rights Treaties in the Recent Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights’, 14 European Journal of International Law (2003).
31. Rooney J.M. The Relationship between Jurisdiction and Attribution after Jaloud v. Netherlands. Neth Int Law Rev 62, 407–428 (2015).
32. Shaw M. International Law, in: Cambridge University Press, 5th Ed. (2003).
33. Wilde R. “Triggering State Obligations Extraterritorially:The Spatial Test in Certain Human Rights Treaties” //Israel Law Review, Vol. 40, No. 2, (2007).
34. Wilde R. The ‘legal space’ or ‘espace juridique’ of the European Convention on Human Rights: is it relevant to extraterritorial state action? Eur Hum Rights Law Rev, Vol. 10 (2009).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Kislitsyna N.F., Yakovleva V.E.
Transport security and safety at the universal and regional level: international legal analysis
This article is devoted to an issue that has been and continues to be relevant at the present stage of development of society. Transport at all times was recognized as a source of increased danger, which in turn indicates, firstly, the inevitability of responsibility on the part of the participants in the situation that has arisen; secondly, a detailed study of the legal regulation of transport safety. The article focuses on the need to regulate the issue of ensuring security in transport at all existing levels: universal, regional and national. The need to take into account the activities of not only states as primary subjects of international transport law, but also the work of international intergovernmental organizations aimed at improving the international legal regulation of the issue of transport safety is emphasized. Given the emergence of new types of
crimes (such as cybercrime), in the commission of which today, transport is actively involved, the article with great effort emphasizes the increased level of responsibility of all parties involved in the field of transport security. Moreover, as indicated in the issue under study, in no case can one ignore such an aspect as the progressive development of international transport law. The main feature of this legal phenomenon is that the newly emerging relations associated either with the use of new types of transport, or with the use of new types of technologies in existing modes of transport, without fail requires a detailed study in the legal field. All this means that international transport law must keep pace with the times, in no case should it lag behind, otherwise all this is fraught with the emergence of a large number of gaps in the law, and as a result, the impossibility of effective and competent regulation of the issue of ensuring transport safety.
Keywords: security, regional cooperation, SCO, UN, transport, regional commissions, UN ECOSOC, responsibility, source of increased danger, gaps in law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' vtoraja) ot 26.01.1996 # 14-FZ (red. ot 27.12.2019, s izm. ot 28.04.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_9027/27fb9de9d0fa6adb1f00e22c245b99251d5bd23f (data obrashhenija: 29.09.2020).
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 09.02.2007 # 16-FZ (red. Ot 02.12.2019) “O transportnoj bezopasnosti”. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_66069/2daf50f586c69eac11512c1faa4309699b52ec9b (data obrashhenija: 5.10.2020).
3. Dejstvujushhee mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Dokumenty v 2-h tomah. T. 1 / Sost.: Kolosov Ju. M., Krivchikova Je.S. - M.: Jurajt, Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 2007. -768 c.
4. Epifanova Ju. A. Nekotorye voprosy zakonodatel'nogo regulirovanija obespechenija bezopasnosti na transporte // Vestnik jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti.– 2011. - # 6. – S. 110-113.
5. Nugmanov B. B. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye akty ob obespechenii bezopasnosti na transporte (v ramkah SNG) // Vestnik Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii – 2016. - # 5. – S. 209-213.
6. Ozerov I. N., Aleksandrov A. N., Stolbina L. V., Panfilova O. V. Klassifikacija ugroz bezopasnosti na razlichnyh vidah transporta // Nauchnyj vestnik omskoj MVD Rossii - 2019 (3). – S. 7-12.
7. Oficial'nyj sajt Komitet po transportu JeSKA-TO. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.unescap.org/committee/committee-on-transport(data obrashhenija: 13.10.2020).
8. Oficial'nyj sajt Komiteta po vnutrennemu transportu EJeK OON. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.unece.org/trans/main/itc/itc.html (data obrashhenija: 16.01.2019).
9. Oficial'nyj sajt Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/sections/member-states/growth-united-nations-membership-1945-present/index.html (data obrashhenija: 12.10.2020).
10. Oficial'nyj sajt Jekonomicheskoj komissii dlja Evropy OON. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.unece.org/ru/trans/welcome.html(data obrashhenija: 12.10.2020).
11. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 28 aprelja 1994 g. # 3 «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o vozmeshhenii vreda, prichinennogo povrezhdeniem zdorov'ja» // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii. – 1994. - # 7.
12. Rjazanov N. S., Fokin M. S. Aktual'nye problemy ugolovno-pravovogo obespechenija transportnoj bezopasnosti // Transportnoe pravo – 2017. – # 2. – S.103-109.
13. Chelak S. V. Jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' predprijatija zheleznodorozhnogo transporta //E-Scio. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ekonomicheskayabezopasnost-predpriyatiya-zheleznodorozhnogotransporta/viewer (data obrashhenija: 15.10.2020).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Rahmonzoda Sh.K.
On some issues of bilateral cooperation of the Republic of Tajikistan in the field of environmental protection
The article analyzes the bilateral cooperation of the Republic of Tajikistan in the field of environmental protection, in particular, it considers agreements with the Russian Federation, the Kyrgyz Republic and the Republic of Turkey, since it is with these countries that Republic of Tajikistan has common interests in resolving issues related to environmental protection. The author draws attention not only to the procedure for concluding these agreements, but also touches upon the mechanisms of cooperation between the participating States, the implementation of the norms of agreements in the domestic legislation of states. The author identified some mechanisms that affect the effectiveness of cooperation between states and proposed ways to improve it.
Keywords: international law, international law of environmental protection, bilateral cooperation, norms of bilateral agreements, memorandum, Republic of Tajikistan.
Work bibliographic list
1. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo / Otv. red. G. I. Tunkin. – M., 1974.
2. Timoshenko A. S. Formirovanie i razvitie mezhdunarodnogo prava okruzhajushhej sredy. – M.: Nauka, 1986.
3. Kopylov M. N. Vvedenie v mezhdunarodnoe jekologicheskoe pravo. – M.: RUDN, 2007.
4. Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201908060048?index=1&rangeSize=1 (data obrashhenija: 07.12.2020).
5. Central'nyj Bank Pravovoj Informacii Respubliki Tadzhikistan “Adlija”. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.adlia.tj/index.fwx(data obrashhenija: 02.01.2021).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Safarov V.R., Trofimova O.A., Baymurzin A.S.
The legal nature of decisions of interstate bodies and their place in the legal system of Russia
This scientific work analyzes the legal nature of decisions of interstate bodies in which Russia
takes part and delegates to them part of its powers. The article uses the European Court of Human Rights as an example of such a body. On the example of the decisions of this regional international body, a conclusion is drawn regarding the need for Russia’s participation in such bodies, the expediency of presenting additional requirements for their decisions that must be implemented within the country, the positive and negative consequences of such participation.
Keywords: international law, legal system, international treaties, decisions of interstate bodies,
conflict of law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993).
2. Konvencija o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod (Zakljuchena v g. Rime 04.11.1950) (s izm. Ot 13.05.2004).
3. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 05.02.2007 # 2-P.
4. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 14.07.2015 # 21-P.
5. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 10 oktjabrja 2003 g. # 5 «O primenenii sudami obshhej jurisdikcii obshhepriznannyh principov i norm mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov Rossijskoj Federacii».
6. Hudolej K. M. Otkaz ot ispolnenija reshenij mezhdunarodnyh sudebnyh organov po zashhite prav i svobod grazhdan // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki. - 2017. - Vyp. 38. DOI:10.17072/1995-4190-2017-38-463-473.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Abbud R.R.
Current issues of international law in terms of crimes in the field of computer information
This article attempts to reveal such a phenomenon as cybercrime at the present stage of its development. In particular, such types of cybercrime as cyberterrorism and cyberbullying require appropriate regulatory regulation at the national and international level. The problem of cybercrime is multifaceted, requiring a clear and coordinated response from law enforcement agencies. It is worth noting the growing role of transnational and non-governmental organizations, which have become the most important tool for combating and investigating cybercrime. The gradual integration of artificial intelligence as a preventive measure is seen as an effective method of combating crimes in the field of computer information.
Keywords: cybercrime, international information security, carding, cyberbullying, Council of Europe Convention on Crime in the Field of Computer Information (ETS No. 185), (Budapest, November 23, 2001), artificial intelligence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abbud R. R. Kiberhalifat: normativnoe opredelenie i kriminologicheskaja harakteristika v nacional'nom i mezhdunarodnom informacionnom prave // Voprosy rossijskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava. – 2018. – Tom 8, # 8A. – S. 190-197.
2. Doktrina informacionnoj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii # 646 ot 5 dekabrja 2016 goda.
3. Dopolnitel'nyj protokol k Konvencii po kiberprestuplenijam v otnoshenii kriminalizacii dejanij rasistskogo i ksenofobskogo haraktera, osushhestvljaemyh pri pomoshhi komp'juternyh sistem (g. Strasburg, 28 janvarja 2003 g.).
4. Konvencija Soveta Evropy «O prestupnosti v sfere komp'juternoj informacii» (ETS #185), (Budapesht, 23 nojabrja 2001 goda).
5. Rasporjazhenie Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii o priznanii utrativshim silu rasporjazhenija Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15 nojabrja 2005 goda #557-rp «O podpisanii Konvencii o kiberprestupnosti» ot 28 marta 2008 goda # 144-rp.
6. Soglashenie mezhdu Pravitel'stvami gosudarstv-chlenov Shanhajskoj organizacii sotrudnichestva o sotrudnichestve v oblasti obespechenija mezhdunarodnoj informacionnoj bezopasnosti.
7. Talimonchik V. P. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoe regulirovanie otnoshenij v sfere informacii. Avtoref. dis.… na soiskanie uch. stepeni d.ju.n. – Sankt-Peterburg, 2013. – 39 s.
8. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 10.10.2019 # 490 «O razvitii iskusstvennogo intellekta v Rossijskoj Federacii».
9. Chernjad'eva N. A. O mezhdunarodnyh podhodah pravovogo regulirovanija bor'by s kiberterrorizmom // Informacionnoe pravo. – 2016. – # 2. – S. 26-29.
10. President Donald J. Trump. National cyber strategy of the United States of America. – The White House. – September, 2018.
11. Thomas J. Holt, Adam M. Bossler, Kathryn C. Seigfried-Spellar. Cybercrime and digital forensics: an introduction.– 2018. – R. 53.
12. The United States District Court for the Western District of Washington. – No. CR11-0070RAJ Sentencing memorandum. – April 14, 2017.
13. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://rapsinews.ru/incident_news/20191228/305276603.html.
14. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.luxembourgforum.org/events/zasedanie-nablyudatelnogosoveta-lyuksemburgskogo-foruma-zheneva-4-5-dekabrya-2019-goda/
15. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.adjd.gov.ae/EN/Pages/Legal%20Guidance/TECcybercrimes.aspx.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Ariyants A.A.
Development of the refugee protection system in international law
The refugee phenomenon is being explored in a variety of disciplines. Researchers from the fields of political science, international relations, history, law and social anthropology were especially active in this regard. Various disciplines have enriched our understanding of refugees and their struggles.
This article will look at how the refugee protection system has evolved in international law.
Keywords: international law, refugees, asylum, UNHCR, The Refugee Convention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konvencija o statuse bezhencev 1951 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://base.garant.ru/2540374/ (data obrashhenija: 08.02.2021).
2. Konstitucija Francii 1793 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.hist.msu.ru/ER/Etext/cnst1793.htm (data obrashhenija: 08.02.2021).
3. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: uchebnik dlja akademicheskogo bakalavriata / pod red. Get'man-Pavlova I. V. –2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Jurajt, 2014. – 709 s.
4. Protokol, kasajushhijsja statusa bezhencev 1967 goda.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/refugees_prot.shtml (data obrashhenija: 08.02.2021).
5. Ustav Upravlenija Verhovnogo komissara Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij po delam bezhencev.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/unhcr_statute.shtml (data obrashhenija: 08.02.2021).
6. Interpreting Article 1 of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.refworld.org/pdfid/3b20a3914.pdf(data obrashhenija: 08.02.2021).
7. L’ÉMIGRATION ET LA CONFÉRENCE D’EVIAN.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/fr/article/emigrationand-the-evian-conference (data obrashhenija:08.02.2021).
8. Refugees and displaced persons: Resolution of 3 October 1946 (document E/236) E/RES/18 (III). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.unhcr.org/excom/ecores/3ae69ef818/refugees-displaced-personsresolution-3-october-1946-document-e236.html (data obrashhenija: 08.02.2021).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Levashova A.V., Klimchenko V.I., Belash E.A.
Analysis of foreign practices of consolidating the norms on artificial intelligence in legislation
The article discusses two of the most pressing problems today in terms of legal regulation of artificial intelligence (hereinafter referred to as AI) in the modern world. The legal status of “smart” machines and responsibility for their actions is what will worry the foreign legislator in the near future. The author identified the forms of legal regulation of AI. Variants of legal categories that could be applied to AI are proposed, and the current state of consolidation in the world community of norms suitable for AI is analyzed.
Keywords: national regulation, private initiatives, artificial intelligence, supranational regulation, artificial intelligence, civil law norms on robotics, the law of robots.
Work bibliographic list
1. Begishev I. R., Hisamova Z. I. Pravovoe regulirovanie iskusstvennogo intellekta // Baikal Research Journal. - 2019. - # 2. - S. 56-67.
2. Laptev V. A. Ponjatie iskusstvennogo intellekta i juridicheskaja otvetstvennost' za ego rabotu // Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. - 2019. - S. 79-102.
3. MinbaleevA. V. Razvitie rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva ob ispol'zovanii bespilotnogo transportnogo sredstva v uslovijah cifrovoj jekonomiki // Informacionno-pravovoe obespechenie transportnoj dejatel'nosti i transportnoj bezopasnosti. - 2019. - #29. - S. 87-92.
4. Neznamov A. V. Pravovye aspekty realizacii nacional'noj strategii razvitija iskusstvennogo intellekta do 2030 goda // Vektor juridicheskoj nauki.- 2019. - # 12. - S. 82-88.
5. Shestakov V. A., Volevodz A. G. Sovremennye potrebnosti pravovogo obespechenija iskusstvennogo intellekta: vzgljad iz Rossii // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 2. - S. 197-206.
 
EUROPEAN LAW
Falkina T.Yu., Mikheeva S.N.
On the legal regulation of electronic commerce in the European Union
Тhe article analyzes the basics of legal regulation of electronic commerce in the European Union. The objectives and principles of legal regulation of electronic commerce are defined.
The authors show the significance of individual acts regulating electronic commerce at the level
of the European Union. The article draws attention to the institutional elements that influence the
development of e-commerce. The authors reveal some features of e-commerce in the context of the pandemic.
Keywords: legal regulation, European Union, electronic commerce.
Work bibliographic list
1. Balabanov I. T. Jelektronnaja kommercija. Uchebnoe posobie dlja vuzov. – SPb., 2001.
2. Direktiva o nekotoryh pravovyh aspektah uslug informacionnogo obshhestva i, v chastnosti, jelektronnoj torgovli na vnutrennem rynke 2000 goda. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.eurasiancommission.org/ru/act/texnreg/depsanmer/consumer_rights/Documents/Direktiva%202000%2031%20ES%20Ob%20jelektronnoj%20ttorgovle.pdf.
3. Pravo Evropejskogo Sojuza. Uchebnik. Pod red. S.Ju. Kashkina. – Moskva, 2002.
4. Roskongress. Issledovanie «Jelektronnaja kommercija, torgovlja i pandemija COVID – 19». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://roscongress.org/materials/elektronnaya-kommertsiya-torgovlya-ipandemiya-covid-19.
5. Tipovoj zakon JuNSITRAL ob jelektronnoj torgovle i rukovodstvo po prinjatiju. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.uncitral.org/pdf/russian/texts/electcom/05-89452_Ebook.pdf.
6. Electronic Commerce in Europe: the present situation, by R. Verrue. Director-General of the Information Society DG. – Brussels, 20.01.1999.

THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Dergunov A.A.
Preemptive right as a component of the special status of civil servants
The article highlights the nature of such an extraordinary and complex phenomenon as a preemptive right. It is noted that the preemptive right is a special kind of legal advantage. The specificity of the preemptive right, its correlation with the subjective rights of participants in legal relations are analyzed in detail. It is emphasized that the preemptive right is an integral component of the special legal status of civil servants.
Keywords: preemptive right, preference, special status, civil servant.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bajtin M.I. Sushhnost' prava (Sovremennoe normativnoe pravoponimanie na grani dvuh vekov). – 2-e izd., dop. - M.: OOO ID «Pravo i gosudarstvo», 2005.- 544 s.
2. Barinov P.S. Obescenivanie pravovyh kategorij:avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Saratov, 2019. - 35 s.
3. Butovskij A.N. Pravo preimushhestvennoj pokupki po dejstvujushhim zakonam i po proektu Grazhdanskogo upravlenija // Vestnik prava. - 1905. - Kn. 6. - S. 141-191.
4. Vlasenko N.A. Izbrannoe. - M.: Norma, 2015. - 672 s.
5. Gribanov Osushhestvlenie i zashhita grazhdanskih prav. - M.: Statut, 2000. - 411 s.
6. Dobrobaba M.B. Administrativno-pravovoj status gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. -Rostov-na-Donu, 2006. - 26 s.
7. Komkova G.N. Zapret diskriminacii v rossijskom i mezhdunarodnom prave. - Saratov: Izd-vo Povolzh. akad. gos. sluzhby, 2003. - 124 s.
8. Kulapov V.L., Hohlova I.S. Sposob pravovogo regulirovanija. - Saratov: Izd-vo GOU VPO «Saratov. gos. akademija prava», 2010. - 176 s.
9. Kuznecova L.V. Preimushhestvennoe pravo: ponjatie i pravovaja priroda // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. -2004. - # 10. - S. 46-54.
10. Mal'ko A.V. Stimuly i ogranichenija v prave: (teoretiko-informacionnyj aspekt): avtoref. dis. …dokt. jurid. nauk. - Saratov, 1995. - 40 s.
11. Mal'ko A.V., Sumenkov S.Ju. Privilegii i immunitety kak osobye pravovye iskljuchenija. - Penza:Informacionno-izdatel'skij centr PGU, 2005. -180 s.
12. Minnigulova D.B. Administrativno-pravovoj status gosudarstvennyh grazhdanskih sluzhashhih i problemy ego realizacii: avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. - M., 2012. - 49 s.
13. Marchenko M.N. Gosudarstvo i lichnost' // Obshhaja teorija gosudarstva i prava. Akademicheskij kurs v treh tomah / otv. red. M.N. Marchenko. – 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – T. 1. - M.: Norma, 2007. - 568 s.
14. Matuzov N.I., Ushanova N.V. Vozmozhnost' i dejstvitel'nost' v rossijskoj pravovoj sisteme. -Saratov: Izd-vo GOU VPO «Saratovskaja gosuddarstvennaja akademija prava», 2010. - 392 s.
15. Morozova I.S. Teorija pravovyh l'got: avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. - Saratov, 2007. - 46 s.
16. Nikol'skij S.E. Preimushhestvennye prava v nasledstvennom prave Rossii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - M., 2006. - 25 s.
17. Rep'ev A.G. «Preimushhestvennoe pravo» i «pravovoj prioritet» v juridicheskoj doktrine i zakonodatel'stve // Vestnik rossijskoj pravovoj akademii. - 2019. - # 1. - S. 14-20.
18. Rep'ev A.G. «Preimushhestvennoe pravo» i «iskljuchitel'noe pravo»: sushhnostnye i tehniko-juridicheskie aspekty sootnoshenija // Aktual'nye problemy juridicheskoj nauki i sudebnoj praktiki: materialy mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. (30-31 maja 2019 g.)- Habarovsk: DJuI MVD RF, 2019. - S. 449-454.
19. Rep'ev A.G. Preimushhestva v rossijskom prave: teorija, metodologija, tehnika : avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. - Saratov, 2020. - 50 s.
20. Rep'ev A.G. Preimushhestva v prave i zakonodatel'stve. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2020. - 392 s.
21. Starilov Ju.N. Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba v Rossijskoj Federacii: teoretiko-pravovoe issledovanie: avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. - Saratov, 1996. -37 s.
22. Sumenkov S.Ju. Iskljuchenija v prave: obshheteoreticheskij analiz: avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. - Saratov, 2016. - 58 s.
23. Turanin V.Ju. Juridicheskaja terminologija v sovremennom rossijskom zakonodatel'stve (teoretiko-pravovoe issledovanie): avtoref. dis. … dokt.jurid. nauk. - Belgorod, 2017. - 45 s.
24. Hatjushenko O.M. Administrativno-pravovoj status gosudarstvennogo sluzhashhego Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - M.. 1999.- 23 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Nesterov V.N.
Social foundations, functions, and sources of legal systems
The article considers law as a system that is interconnected and inter-influenced with social relations that are reproduced with constant regularity due to the institutionalization of imperative requirements for the stability of the existence of human communities. In the context of ensuring the effectiveness of social and legal institutions, the analysis of the social functions of law and their sources is carried out
Keywords: legal system, social institution, branch sociological theories, social norms, custom, law, judicial precedent, doctrine.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sociologija: istorija, teorija, metodologija, praktika: uchebnik / nauch. red. prof. V. A. Chigrin, prof. I. I. Kal'noj. – M.: Vuzovskij uchebnik. Izdatel'stvo INFRA-M, 2017.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Pospelov S.V., Nuriev B.D.
Legal support of energy security: the problem of institutionalization
The article analyzes the conceptual foundations of the legal provision of energy security. The
authors focuses on the unresolved general theoretical problems, such as a clear definition of the place and role of the legal provision of energy security in the system of Russian law, as well as methods of regulating public relations in the field of energy security. Special attention is paid to the issues of politicization of the fundamental components of the legal provision of energy security, in particular, the influence of ideological generally recognized concepts on the definition of the method of legal provision of energy security.
Keywords: energy security, institute of law, branch of law, method of law, neorealism, neoliberalism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zaharov A. N. Global'naja jenergeticheskaja problema v mirovoj jekonomike // Rossijskij vneshnejekonomicheskij vestnik. – 2017. – # 3. – S. 3-10.
2. Pacek M. Mezhdunarodnoe jenergeticheskoe pravo:ucheb. posobie. – SPb.: Izd-vo Politehn. un-ta, 2018.– 108 s.
3. Gorodov O. A. Vvedenie v jenergeticheskoe pravo:uchebnik. – M.: Prospekt, 2015. – 224 s.
4. Problemy i zadachi pravovogo obespechenija jenergeticheskoj bezopasnosti i zashhity prav uchastnikov jenergeticheskih rynkov: monografija / pod redakciej doktora juridicheskih nauk V. V. Romanovoj. – M.:Izdatel'skaja gruppa «Jurist», 2019. – 264 s.
5. Trachuk K. V. Sovremennye issledovanija problem jenergeticheskoj bezopasnosti: teoreticheskie aspekty // Vestnik MGIMO-Universiteta. – 2013. – # 4.– S. 219-226.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Potemkina O.S.
Forms of implementation of the communicative function of law: problem statement
The effectiveness of legal interaction in modern society is an important problem of legal science and practice, since law does not act automatically, but under the influence of a number of factors, which are collectively reflected first in its functions, and then in the forms used for this. The latter are directly related to the specific direction of the functional impact for each specific function of law, including, which is especially important today, at the level of the communicative function of law, which has transformed into an independent function of law. However, the forms of implementation of this function of law in the literature have not been sufficiently studied. The article substantiates the importance of the forms of implementation of the communicative function of law. The forms of implementation of the communicative function of law are associated with the implementation of law in general. The classifications of the forms of implementation of the communicative function of law on various grounds are given. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of individual forms of implementation of this function: informational, orienting, legal regulation, security.
Keywords: legal impact, legal communication, communicative function of law, communicative interaction, forms of implementation of the communicative function of law, information form, legal information, orienting influence, normative settings, legal regulation, legal support.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abdulaev M. I., Komarov S. A. Problemy teorii gosudarstva i prava. – SPb.: Piter, 2003. – 576 s.
2. Abramov A. I. Ponjatie realizacii funkcij prava: sootnoshenie ponjatij «realizacija prava» i «realizacija funkcij prava» // Pravovedenie. 2016.– # 3. – S. 179-189.
3. Abramov A. I. Teoreticheskie i prakticheskie problemy realizacii funkcij prava: monografija/ pod obshh. red. V. M. Vedjahina. – Samara: Ofort, 2008.– 318 s.
4. Glebchenko O. A. Formy i metody realizacii ohranitel'noj funkcii prava // Sibirskij juridicheskij vestnik. – 2009. – # 1. – S. 12-18.
5. Grunin A. G. Formy realizacii kompensacionnoj funkcii gosudarstva // Jurist Juga Rossii i Zakavkaz'ja. – 2019. – # 4. – S. 29-31.
6. Kalinin V. A. O kommunikativnom podhode k pravu// Kommunikacija v social'no-gumanitarnom znanii, jekonomike, obrazovanii: materialy III Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf., 29-31 marta 2012 g., Minsk/ otv. red. O. V. Tereshhenko. – Minsk: Izd. centr BGU, 2012. – S. 76-77.
7. Konstantinova A. V. Ponjatie form osushhestvlenija funkcij prava // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. – 2011. – # 1. – S. 54-58.
8. Konstantinova A. V. Formy osushhestvlenija funkcij prava: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Cheljabinsk, 2014. – 28 s.
9. Kornev V. N. Pravo kak jazykovoj fenomen // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2018. – # 6. – S. 5-6.
10. Kulapov V.L., Mal'ko A. V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. – M.: INFRA-M, 2017. – 384 s.
11. Loshakova S. A. O funkcijah pravovogo regulirovanija // Juridicheskaja nauka. – 2011. – # 1. – S. 3-5.
12. Rad'ko T. N. Teoreticheskie i metodologicheskie problemy funkcij socialisticheskogo prava: avto-ref. dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk. M., 1978.
13. Reutov V. P. Funkcional'naja priroda sistemy prava. – Perm': Izd-vo Perm. gos. un-ta, 2002. – 162 s.
14. Sumenkov S. Ju. Ogranichenija v prave i iskljuchenija v prave: aspekty sootnoshenija // Juridicheskaja tehnika. – 2018. – # 12. – S. 330-338.
15. Uzdimaeva N. I. Pravovye znanija kak sredstvo juridicheskoj samopomoshhi: ponjatie, soderzhanie, znachenie // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve.– 2020. – T. 13. – # 5. – S. 348.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Shitova T.V.
Social policy of modern Russia
The importance of such civil society institutions as political parties and public associations, central unions of medium and large enterprises and businesses, united subjects of public control is emphasized. In the article the author’s definition of the system of public authorities, taking account of the views of legal science on the effectiveness of law-making, law enforcement, organizational and managerial activities by public bodies and non-governmental institutions, the formation of legal practice in the context of strengthening the rule of law and the constitutionalization of public relations.
The author of the article primarily refer to state structures as federal bodies of state power, the system of non-state institutions includes local self-government bodies, as well as auxiliary structures of civil society.
Keywords: social policy, efficiency, state mechanism, state policy, development strategy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bezrukov A. V., Tepljashin I. V. Konstitucionnyj pravoporjadok kak uslovie razvitija grazhdanskogo obshhestva v sovremennoj Rossii // Sovremennoe pravo.- 2018. - # 12. - S. 33-39.
2. Varlamova N. V. Jeffektivnost' pravovogo regulirovanija: pereosmyslenie koncepcii // Pravovedenie. -2009. - # 1. - S. 212-232.
3. Ezhukova O. A. Ob ocenke jeffektivnosti organov publichnoj vlasti v novyh konstitucionno-pravovyh i social'no-jekonomicheskih uslovijah // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. - 2020. - # 7. - S. 7-12.
4. Zatonskij V. A. Jeffektivnaja gosudarstvennost' v lichnostno-pravovom izmerenii (obshheteoreticheskoe issledovanie): dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. - Saratov, 2008. - 54 s.
5. Tepljashin I. V., Fastovich G. G. Kriterii jeffektivnosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma: obshheteoreticheskij analiz // Obshhestvo i pravo. - 2011. - # 4 (36). - S. 43-47.
6. Fastovich G. G., Bondarenko S. V. Modernizacija sistemy vysshego obrazovanija kak faktor povyshenija jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennogo mehanizma // Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. - 2019.- # 1 (169). - S. 29-31.
7. Fastovich G. G. K voprosu o primenenii sovremennyh tehnologij v logisticheskih sistemah // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. - 2019. - # 5 (173). - S. 13-16.
8. Shitova T. V. Sovremennye problemy sankcij v mezhdunarodnom prave // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. -2019. - # 3 (171). - S. 90-91.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Fastovich G.G.
Problem of feature of effectiveness in the theory of law (on the example of a unified system of public authority)
The article examines the category of efficiency on the example of the study of the unified system
of public power. The author referred to the results of the constitutional reform of 2020 in terms of introducing the institution of a unified system of public power as a combination of state authorities and local self-government bodies. It is important to establish the properties of effectiveness in the general theory of law, to specify such socio-legal categories as: criteria, results, practice of formation, directions for determining the effectiveness of legal activity. In the context of strengthening the role of civil society institutions, the issues of methodological search for the most optimal model of the organization of public power are updated, where it is important to optimize the balance of public interests of state and non-state structures.
Keywords: efficiency, public power system, state mechanism, state authorities, local selfgovernment bodies, legal regulation, civil society.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bezrukov A. V., Tepljashin I. V. Konstitucionnyj pravoporjadok kak uslovie razvitija grazhdanskogo obshhestva v sovremennoj Rossii // Sovremennoe pravo. - 2018.- # 12. - S. 33-39.
2. Vlasov V. A. Nekotorye jekonomiko-pravovye aspekty obespechenija prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. -2018. - # 4 (160). - S. 117-123.
3. Ignatenko V. A. Issledovanie problem v protivodejstvii korrupcii institutami grazhdanskogo obshhestva// Social'naja integracija i razvitie jetnokul'tur v evrazijskom prostranstve. - 2020. - T. 1. - # 9. - S. 138-147.
4. Kurbatova S. M. O «cifrovoj transformacii» kadrovogo sostava kak uslovija cifrovizacii jekonomiki /S. M. Kurbatova // Professional'noe samoopredelenie molodezhi innovacionnogo regiona: problemy i perspektivy. Sb. st. po mat-m Vseross. nauchno-praktich. konf. / pod obshh. red. A. G. Mironova. - Krasnojarsk, 2019. - S. 165-167.
5. Martyshin O. V. Filosofija prava: uchebnik dlja magistrov. – M.: Prospekt, 2017. – 352 s.
6. Ozhegov S. I., Shvedova N. Ju. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka: 80000 slov i frazeologicheskih vyrazhenij /Rossijskaja akademija nauk. Institut russkogo jazyka im. V. V. Vinogradova. – 4-e izd., dop. - M.: Azbukovnik, 1999. - 354 s.
7. Poslanie Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii V. V. Putina Federal'nomu Sobraniju ot 15 janvarja 2020 g. //Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2020. - 16 janvarja.
8. Subochev V. V. Grazhdanskoe obshhestvo i gosudarstvo:opyt destruktivnogo dialoga // Pravo i upravlenie. XXI vek. - 2015. - # 3 (36). - S. 70-78.
9. Tepljashin I. V., Fastovich G. G. Kriterii jeffektivnosti mehanizma pravovogo regulirovanija // Vestnik Chitinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2011. - #8 (75). - S. 52-55.
10. Fastovich G. G. Mezhdunarodnoe regulirovanie otnoshenij v sfere ispol'zovanija i ohrany zemel' // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. - 2019. - # 9 (177). - S. 80-81 .
11. Shitova T. V. Sovremennye problemy sankcij v mezhdunarodnom prave // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. - 2019.- # 3 (171). - S. 90-91.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Bogach V.V., Balbekova E.V.
«Truth» and «falsity» of the rule of law, the main approaches
This article provides a brief analysis of the concept of law, characteristics of law, considers «classical» concept of «rule of law» and gives «modern» variants of this definition and different points of view on the issue of the truth of the law, reveals the dual nature of law.
Keywords: norm of law, truth, essence of law, signs of norm of law, customary law, falsity, sources of law, legal norms, subjects of rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bakulina L.T. Problemy teorii prava i pravorealizacii. – M.: Statut, 2017.
2. Baranov V.M. Istinnost' norm sovetskogo prava: problemy teorii i praktiki: Avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid.nauk. – M., 1989.
3. Belova O.S. Norma prava i normativnyj fakt: Osnovanija objazatel'nosti norm v filosofii prava L.I. Petrazhickogo // Konfliktologija. – 2011. – # 4.
4. Lukasheva E.A. Prava cheloveka i processy transformacii v sovremennom mire // Trudy Instituta gosudarstva i prava RAN. – 2016. – # 3.
5. Muromcev S.A. Izbrannye trudy po rimskomu i grazhdanskomu pravu.– M.: Status, 2004.
6. Nersesjanc V.S. Obshhaja teorija prava i gosudarstva. –M.: Norma, 2012.
7. Syryh V. M. Materialisticheskaja teorija prava: izbrannoe. T. 4: Dejstvitel'nost' individual'nogo prava. – M.: Rossijskaja akad. Pravosudija, 2014.
8. Tihonova V.V. Problemy istinnosti norm prava: osnovnye teoriticheskie podhody // Pravovye problemy ukreplenija rossijskoj gosudarstvennosti - 2012. – # 2.
9. Chestnov I.L. Postklassicheskaja teorija prava. – M.:Alef-Press, 2012.
10. Cherdancev A. F. Specializacija i struktura norm prava // Pravovedenie. – 1970. – # 1.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Beida I.A.
Legal aspects of the regulation of ethnic conflict in order to level the threats of ethnic terrorism
In Russia and around the world, interethnic relations are studied by political scientists, sociologists, specialists in public administration, psychologists, anthropologists, historians, and scientists of other specialties. This is a complex, multidimensional category, so there are many approaches to its study. At the same time, there are certain theoretical aspects of the study of interethnic relations, without which the consideration of the problem of this research is impossible – a concept of nation, nationality, ethnos, national policy, theoretical concepts of ethnicity, and of course theoretical regulations on the essence, typology, dynamics, ways of resolving ethnic conflicts.
Keywords: ethnos, nation, ethnic psychology, ethnic conflict, ethnic terrorism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bidova B. B. Istoriko-pravovye aspekty fenomena jekstremizma v Rossii // Molodoj uchenyj. 2013. #5. S. 498-501.
2. Latypova D.Je. Jetnicheskij konflikt v zarubezhnyh konfliktologicheskih teorijah // Novoe slovo v nauke i praktike: gipotezy i aprobacija rezul'tatov issledovanij. 2014. # 12. S. 93-98.
3. Maruhovskaja-Kartunova O.A. Struktura jetnopoliticheskoj konfliktologii kak novoj otrasli nauchnogo znanija i uchebnoj discipliny. Jelektronnyj resurs. Academy, 2016. #. 8 (11). S. 56-61.
4. Tishkov V.A. Rossija – jeto nacija nacij. V poiskah formuly (tezisy k vystupleniju na kruglom stole Instituta jetnologii i antropologii RAN). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.valerytishkov.ru/cntnt/novye_publikacii/rossiya__e1.html (data obrashhenija: 03.02.2021).
5. Hazhirokov V.A. Organizacionno-juridicheskie mehanizmy zashhity prav i svobod cheloveka v uslovijah mezhjetnicheskih konfliktov i inyh chrezvychajnyh situacij. // Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-teoreticheskoj konferencii ad"junktov, kursantov i
slushatelej vuzov MVD Rossii, aspirantov i studentov obrazovatel'nyh organizacij, posvjashhjonnoj 55-letiju Rostovskogo juridicheskogo instituta Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii. 2016. S. 248-257.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Aybatov M.M., Abakarov G.A., Kaytmazov M.A.
Cicero’s doctrine of state and law
The research is devoted to the analysis of the ideas of the ancient Roman philosopher and statesman Marcus Tullius Cicero. The philosophical treatises “On the State” and “On the Laws”were the subject of the study. After studying these works, the author comes to the conclusion that Cicero’s political and legal views are conservative in nature and are largely due to the unstable situation in the Ancient Roman state. In the treatise “On the State”, the main problems of the state and their various solutions are identified. The concepts of the best form of the state are proposed.
Keywords: Cicero, philosopher, state, law, form of government.
Work bibliographic list
1. Mark Tullij Ciceron O gosudarstve. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ancientrome.ru/antlitr/t.htm?a=1414870001#sel= (data obrashhenija:20.12.2020).
2. Dubrava I.D. Uchenija Cicerona o gosudarstve i prave // Problemy sovremennoj nauki i obrazovanija. 2015. # 7. S. 130-135.
3. Nersesjanc V.S. Istorija politicheskih i pravovyh uchenij: uchebnik dlja vuzov. M.: Norma, 2005. 704 s.
4. Miroshnikov M.R., Pracko G.S. Uchenie Cicerona o gosudarstve i prave // Nauchnye issledovanija i razrabotki molodyh uchenyh. 2017. S. 134-139.
5. Rizhskij M. I. - «Ciceron Mark Tulij. Filosofskie Traktaty». M., 2011.
6. Mark Tullij Ciceron O zakonah. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ancientrome.ru/antlitr/t.htm?a=1414880001 (data obrashhenija: 25.12.2020)
7. Bragova A.M. Ciceron o zakonah ideal'nogo gosudarstva // SCHOLE. Filosofskoe antikovedenie i klassicheskaja tradicija. 2010. # 1. S. 32-41.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Gulyaeva T.B., Gnetova L.V.
Features of the legal regulation of female labor in the Soviet legislation of 1925-1927
The article analyzes the main legal acts of the Soviet legislation on the labor of women. Particular attention is focused on the consideration of those legislative and administrative novels that were published in three years from 1925 to 1927, incl. rationing and protection of women’s labor. The authors investigate the domestic labor legislation regulating the labor relations of women in the specified chronological framework, which made it possible to draw a number of categorical conclusions.
Keywords: labor legislation, women’s labor, labor protection, childbirth allowance, motherhood.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gnetova L. V. Jevoljucija sovetskogo zakonodatel'stva, reglamentirujushhego rabochee vremja i vremja otdyha:dissertacija ... kandidata juridicheskih nauk: 12.00.01/ Gnetova Ljudmila Valentinovna; Vladimir. jurid.in-t Feder. sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij. - Vladimir, 2008. - 250 s.
2. Isaev A. Zakonodatel'stvo o rynke truda v 1923 // Voprosy truda. - 1924. - # 1.
3. Shmidt V. Blizhajshie zadachi Narkomtruda // Voprosy truda. - 1926. - # 4.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Nedzelyuk T.G.
Dynamics of the process of withdrawal of Church values (1920-1930-ies): based on the materials of the Siberian archives
This article is the next in a series of analytical materials that we have prepared to cover the activities of state bodies in the context of regulating state-confessional relations in the Siberian region. The object of the study was the process of withdrawal of church values from religious organizations in Western Siberia in the 1920s and 1930s. The subject of this study is the dynamics of this process. The source base of the study covers the collections of the regional archives of Tomsk, Tobolsk, and Novosibirsk.
Keywords: seizure of church valuables, requisition, resolution of the Central Executive Committee on the liquidation of religious property, Western Siberia.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gosudarstvennoe bjudzhetnoe uchrezhdenie Tjumenskoj oblasti «Gosudarstvennyj arhiv v g. Tobol'ske» (GBUTO «GA v g. Tobol'ske»). – F. 1. – Op. 1; F. 5.– Op. 1; F. 152. – Op. 1. – D. 58, 66, 78, 81, 133; Op. 4. – D.3, 61; F. I–156. – Op. 15. – D. 513, 646, 656, 657, 661, 678,685, 724, 725, 730, 731, 751, 754, 760, 1083, 1252–1291; F.202. – Op. 1; F. 272. – Op. 1. – D. 74; F. 353. – Op. 1. – D.447, 779; F. 392. – Op. 1. – D. 146; F. 483. – Op. 1; F. 632.– Op. 1; F. 645. – Op. 1.
2. Gosudarstvennyj arhiv Novosibirskoj oblasti (GANO). – F. 47. – Op. 5. – D. 50, 214, 231.
3. Dashkovskij P. K., Zibert N. P. Iz"jatie cerkovnyh cennostej na territorii Altajskoj gubernii v nachale 20-h gg. HH v. // Izvestija Altajskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2017. – # 2 (94). – S. 88-93.
4. Iz"jatie cerkovnyh cennostej v Donskoj oblasti. 1922 god: sb. dokumentov / otv. red. A. V. Venkov, nauch. red. N. V. Kiseleva. – Rostov–na–Donu: Izd-vo JuNC RAN, 2013. – 417 s.
5. Istoricheskij arhiv Omskoj oblasti (IsAOO). – F. 437. – Op. 5, 6.
6. Mavljutova Z. Sh. K voprosu ob iz"jatii cerkovnyh cennostej v Tjumenskoj oblasti v 1922 g. // Vestnik arheologii, antropologii i jetnografii. – 2007. –# 7. – S. 172-176.
7. Nujkina E. Ju. Zakonodatel'nye iniciativy Sovetskoj vlasti v oblasti religioznoj politiki. 1917–1920-e gg. // Vestnik arhivista. – 2017. – # 4.– S. 209-222.
8. Pyzikov D. D. Arhiv V. D. Bonch-Bruevicha v Gosudarstvennom muzee istorii religii kak istochnik svedenij po istorii cerkovno-gosudarstvennyh otnoshenij posle revoljucii 1917 g. // Religiovedenie.– 2019. – # 2. – S. 138-143.
9. Skolota R. V. Kampanija po iz"jatiju cerkovnyh cennostej 1922-1923 gg.: bor'ba s golodom i cerkov'ju (po materialam arhivov Astrahanskoj oblasti) //Kaspijskij region: politika, jekonomika, kul'tura. – 2011. - # 3 (28). – S. 25-31.
10. Cyrempilova I. S. Istoricheskij opyt vzaimootnoshenij vlasti i Russkoj pravoslavnoj cerkvi na territorii Bajkal'skogo regiona v 1920-1930-e gg. //Izvestija Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Istorija. – 2017. – T. 22. – S. 93-100.

HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kiseleva I.A., Fedyushkina A.I.
The system of principles of criminal procedure in the Criminal Code of Charles V
This article is devoted to the consideration of the principles of criminal procedure under the general imperial legislation of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation of the early Modern Age. The author analyzes the changes that have occurred in the criminal procedure doctrine of Germany in connection with the transition to the inquisitorial form of the process. It turns out that the Criminal Code of Charles V enshrined the principles of formality, instruction and formal assessment of evidence in the framework of criminal proceedings.
Keywords: Criminal Law Code of Charles V, Carolina, inquisition process, search process, early Modern Age, Germany, principles of criminal procedure, history of foreign law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Karolina. Ugolovno-sudebnoe ulozhenie Karla V /per. S. Ja. Bulatova. – Alma-Ata: Nauka, 1967.
2. Loginova T. E. Harakteristika norm ugolovno-processual'nogo prava v «Karoline» // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. – 2010. – Vypusk 3 (9). – S. 13-18.
3. Lysenko O. L. Karolina 1532 g. – pamjatnik prava srednevekovoj Germanii: civilizacionnyj podhod k izucheniju // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. – Serija 11: Pravo. – 2014. – # 5. – S. 52-74.
4. Smirnov A. V. Modeli ugolovnogo processa. – SPb.:«Nauka», OOO «Izdatel'stvo “Al'fa”», 2000.
5. Ignor, A. Geschichte des Strafprozesses in Deutschland 1532-1846: von der Carolina des Karl. bis zu den Reformen des Vormärz. – München, 2002.
6. Langbein, J. H. Prosecuting Crime In The Renaissance:England, Germany, France. – New Jersey: The Lawbook Exchange, 2005.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Molotkov M.B., Shipov O.V.
Right and law in the political and legal concept of Konstantin Alekseevich Nevolin
The problem of legal thinking remains one of the central ones in the domestic theory of law. The subject of discussion is the analysis of approaches to understanding right and law, their hierarchy and correlation, unity and opposition. A productive method of research in this area is to appeal to the ideas of representatives of the domestic law school. Among the first, in Russian legal science, the issue of the relationship between right and law, the relationship between the natural and the positive is considered by K. A. Nevolin. The study of the views of K.A. Nevolin, in many ways, allows us to approach the solution of problems of concern to researchers of the law of the 21st century.
Keywords: K. A. Nevolin, moral law, right, social law, true, jurisprudence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bairov A. S. Sakralizacija vlasti i filosofija gosudarstva G. V. F. Gegelja // Nauchnyj dajdzhest Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2020.– # 1 (4). – S. 108-112.
2. Berezovskaja E. V. K voprosu o social'noj cennosti prava v grazhdanskom obshhestve // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2013. – # 3(66). – S. 84-89.
3. Licuk A. A. K. A Nevolin: vehi intellektual'noj biografii // Vestnik Nizhnevartovskogo gosudarstvennogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. – 2012. – #
3. – S. 34-38.
4. Luk'janova E. G. Uchenija o zakone v politiko-pravovoj mysli Rossii HH – nachala HH vv: dis. … dokt.jurid. nauk. – M., 2018. – 425 s.
5. Mirzaev A. S. Koncepcija filosofii zakonodatel'stva K. A. Nevolina: avtoreferat dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2005. – 27 s.
6. Nevolin K. A. Jenciklopedija zakonovedenija. –Kiev, 1839 – 1840. – 2 t. – 633 s.
7. Shmarev A. I. Nuzhen li princip spravedlivosti v ugolovnom processe Rossii // Kriminalistika:vchera, segodnja, zavtra. – 2020. – # 3 (15). – S. 232-243.
8. Jachmenev Ju. V. Pravovaja teorija K. A. Nevolina (Istoki estestvenno-pravovoj mysli v Rossii): avtoreferat dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Sankt-Peterburg, 1995. – 18 s.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Gindullin N.F., Kadyrova G.F., Bondarenko A.V., Lukiyanov M.Yu.
Legal regulation of benefits and privileges in the soviet period of Russian development
The authors consider the transformation of privileges and benefits in Soviet Russia on the example of regulatory documents. And also determine the immunity, based on its constituent elements.
Keywords: Soviet law, benefits, privileges, ideological policy, personal pensions, state security, legal immunity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konvencija OON o jurisdikcionnyh immunitetah gosudarstv i ih sobstvennosti ot 2 dekabrja 2004 goda.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/state_immunities.shtml.
2. Istorija gosudarstva i prava zarubezhnyh stran: Uchebnoe posobie / I.V. Abdurahmanova. – M.: INFRA-M:Akademcentr, 2011.
3. Kljatvennaja zapis' knjazja Holmskogo Ivanu III (1474 g.).– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.bibliotekar.ru svobodnyj. Zagl. s jekrana.
4. Mal'ko A.V., Sumenkov S.Ju. Pravovoj immunitet: teoreticheskie i prakticheskie aspekty. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://base.garant.ru.
5. Mordovec A.S. Social'no-juridicheskij mehanizm obespechenija prav cheloveka i grazhdanina. – Saratov:SVSh MVD RF, 1996.
6. Morozova I.S. Stanovlenie i razvitie instituta pravovyh l'got v Rossijskom zakonodatel'stve // Zakonodatel'stvo. – 2006. – # 1 (P. 2).
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Yakovets E.N., Zhuravlenko N.I.
Why “Crimean California” didn’t become the 51st US state? Part I
The article examines the historical facts testifying to the long-standing attempts of the United States of America to seize the Crimean lands, creating Jewish autonomy on the peninsula.
Keywords: Crimean California, Jewish Soviet Socialist Republic, Jewish Autonomous Region, Crimean ASSR.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bondarenko A.Ju., Efimov N.N. Utaennye stranicy sovetskoj istorii. M.: Kuchkovo pole, 2007.
2. Shurhalo D. Sholom, krymchane! // Tribuna. Internet-gazeta. 2008. 26 sentjabrja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://tribuna.com.ua/articles/history/167936.htm (data obrashhenija:11.12.2020).
3. Konev I. Kak Krym chut' Izrailem ne stal // Argumenty nedeli. 2013. # 17 (359).
4. Kagonashvili G. Krymskaja Kalifornija // Respublika Krym. 2008. 4 dekabrja. # 44.
5. Passik Ja. Frajdorfskij i Larindorfskij evrejskie nacional'nye rajony // Evrejskie zemledel'cheskie kolonii Juga Ukrainy i Kryma.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.evkol.nm.ru/fraydorf-larindorf.htm (data obrashhenija: 11.12.2020).
6. Medvedev Zh. Stalin i evrejskaja problema. Novyj analiz. M.: Prava cheloveka, 2003. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://scepsis.net/library/id_1473.html (data obrashhenija: 10.12.2020).
7. Kostyrchenko G.V. Tajnaja politika Stalina. Vlast' i antisemitizm. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 2001.
8. Sudoplatov P. Razvedka i Kreml'. (Zapiski nezhelatel'nogo svidetelja): Rassekrechennye zhizni. M.:Geja, 1996.
9. Fedoseev Ju.G. Russkie i evrei. M., AOZT«Kodeks-M», 2001.
10. Kostyrchenko G.V. Tajnaja politika Stalina. Vlast' i antisemitizm. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 2001.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Arkhipkina A.S., Bobrova E.A.
Features of self-protection of human rights and freedoms
Abstract: In this article, self-defense is considered as the basis of the legal status of the individual, the most important guarantee of the realization of constitutional rights of a person and a citizen. In the context of the establishment of a multidisciplinary mechanism for State and non-State protection of rights and freedoms, the role of self-defense does not diminish. This article deals with topical issues of guaranteeing the right to self-protection.
Keywords: self-protection, human rights, guarantees, mechanism of protection, constitution.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vitman E.V. Razgranichenie samoupravstva i samozashhity prava // Juridicheskie nauki. 2006. # 2. S. 178-184.
2. Danilina A.S. Problemy primenenija zakonodatel'stva o neobhodimoj oborone // Sovremennye problemy pravotvorchestva i pravoprimenenija: Materialy Vserossijskoj studencheskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii v ramkah Bajkal'skogo studencheskogo juridicheskogo foruma-2020. Otv. redaktory Je.I. Devickij, S.I. Suslova. Irkutsk, 2020. S. 184-188.
3. Minnikes I.A. «Indeks zashhishhennosti» i ego rol' v sovershenstvovanii zakonodatel'stva i zashhite prav cheloveka // Baikal research journal. 2013. # 4. S. 25.-25.
4. Minnikes I.A. Pravovaja zashhita: ponjatie i mehanizm// Baikal research journal. 2010. # 6. S.55-55.
5. Oreshkina T.Ju. Samoupravstvo: ponjatie, priznaki, sootnoshenie s samozashhitoj grazhdanskih prav i zloupotrebleniem pravom // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2008. # 2.S.64-68.
6. Orbinskij A.Ju. Konstitucionnoe pravo cheloveka i grazhdanina Rossijskoj Federacii na samozashhitu prav i svobod: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.02. M.,2009. 190 s.
7. Pochepko K.I. Konstitucionnoe pravo cheloveka na samozashhitu v uslovijah razvitija grazhdanskogo obshhestva v Rossii // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2017. # 10. S. 33-40.
8. Pudovochkin Ju.E. Social'no-kriminologicheskaja harakteristika osvobozhdenija ot ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. 2020. T. 14. # 4. S. 581–592.
9. Savchenko E.Ja. Problemy opredelenija sposobov zashhity grazhdanskih prav v sovremennom grazhdanskom prave // Zhurnal Pravoporjadok: istorija, teorija, praktika. 2015. # 27. S.29-32.
10. Sinajskij V.I. Russkoe grazhdanskoe pravo. Obshhaja chast'. Veshhnoe pravo. Avtorskoe pravo. Kiev: Tipo-Litografija «Progress», 1917. Vyp I. 258 s.
11. Sovetnikov I.V. Zloupotreblenie pravom v izbiratel'nom processe: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2005. 195 s.
12. Chuksina V. V., Bondarenko O. V. Prava cheloveka v kontekste politiko-pravovoj turbulentnosti // Izvestija Bajkal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2017. T. 27. # 2. S. 218–230.
13. Jakimova E.M. Gosudarstvennyj mehanizm zashhity sub"ektov predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti v sovremennoj Rossii // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. 2018. # 28. S. 83-97.
14. Jakimova E.M. Negosudarstvennyj mehanizm zashhity sub"ektov predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti v sovremennoj Rossii: konstitucionno-pravovoe issledovanie // Sibirskij juridicheskij vestnik. 2019. # 2. S.33-38.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Zinkov E.N.
On certain restrictions on the constitutional rights of persons sentenced to imprisonment
The article analyzes the features of the implementation of the constitutional rights of convicts in places of deprivation of liberty of the domestic penitentiary system. In particular, the conditions under which convicted persons may be restricted in their constitutional rights are considered. Certain rights of convicts and the limits of their restrictions in connection with the operation of regime requirements on the territory of a correctional institution are considered.
Keywords: the Constitution of the Russian Federation, constitutional rights, deprivation of liberty, convicts, correctional institution, regime territory.
Work bibliographic list
1. Iljuhin A. V., Iljuhina V. A. Praktika primenenija konstitucionno-pravovyh ogranichenij prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina organami i uchrezhdenijami FSIN Rossii v otnoshenii osuzhdennyh v Rossijskoj Federacii // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema: pravo, jekonomika, upravlenie. - 2018. - # 6. - S. 13-16.
2. Kratkaja harakteristika ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // FSIN Rossii. Glavnaja. Statisticheskie dannye: ofic. sajt. 18.01.2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: Rezhim dostupa: https://fsin.gov.ru/structure/inspector/iao/statistika/Kratkaya%20har-ka%20UIS (data obrashhenija: 27.01.2021).
3. Simonova M. A., Shajdulina N. D. Osobennosti ogranichenija konstitucionnyh prav i svobod lic, osuzhdennyh k lisheniju svobody // Molodoj uchenyj. - 2016. - # 28 (132). - S. 678-680.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Kuznetsov S.A.
Institute of the President of the Russian Federation in the light of constitutional reform
In this article, the author touches on the issue of amendments to the Basic Law of the country, introduced in March 2020 against the background of initiatives related to proposals to transform the institutions of state power in the Russian Federation. The author gives examples of such amendments in terms of defining the powers of the President of the Russian Federation, simultaneously pointing out the most important changes that have affected, first of all, his legal status, as well as the possibility of influencing the formation of other high-level government bodies. The author draws attention to the illogicality of some changes and their obvious one-sidedness in the issue of the distribution of spheres of influence, taking into account the obvious bias towards presidential guarantees.
Keywords: Constitution of the Russian Federation, amendments, President of the Russian Federation, Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, Government of the Russian Federation, legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Astafichev P. A. Konstitucionnyj popravki 2020:istorija i razvitie // Zhurnal konstitucionnogo pravosudija. – 2020. – # 6. – S. 20-25.
2. Astvacaturova M. A. Poslanie – 2020: vlastno-znachimyj posyl jekstrapoljacii vertikali vlasti //Voprosy politologii. – 2020. – T. 10. – # 4 (56).– S. 1080-1092.
3. Belov A. A. Kak izmenilis' polnomochija Prezidenta Rossii posle prinjatija zakona RF o popravek v Konstituciju RF? // V sbornike: Molodoj issledovatel': vyzovy i perspektivy. Sbornik statej po materialam CLXVI mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Moskva, 2020. – S. 93-101.
4. Kazhnov S. N. Prezident predlozhil vnesti rjad popravok v Konstituciju RF // Vestnik federal'noj palaty advokatov. – 2020. – # 1. – S. 57-58.
5. Mitin A. N., Rassohin A. V. Gosudarstvennye sovety:sravnitel'nyj analiz zarubezhnoj i otechestvennoj praktiki // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2020. – # 6. – S. 33-38.
6. Muhamedov T. V. Normativno-pravovoj analiz predlozhennyh Prezidentom RF izmenenij v Konstituciju RF i ocenka predlozhennogo mehanizma voleiz"javlenija s tochki zrenija izbiratel'noj sistemy // Studencheskij vestnik. – 2020. – # 19-4 (117).– S. 72-75.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Khayrov A.D.
On the issue of some features of the principle of publicity in constitutional justice
Various approaches to understanding publicity are analyzed in the article, testifying its complex socio-legal nature.
The author believes that the constitutional principle of publicity in justice acquires additional elements in its content, depending on which subsystem of the judiciary is localized in.
Keywords: freedom of speech, publicity, the principle of publicity, constitutional jurisdiction, constitutional (statutory) court.
Work bibliographic list
1. Astafichev P. A. Konstitucionnyj popravki 2020:istorija i razvitie // Zhurnal konstitucionnogo pravosudija. – 2020. – # 6. – S. 20-25.
2. Astvacaturova M. A. Poslanie – 2020: vlastno-znachimyj posyl jekstrapoljacii vertikali vlasti //Voprosy politologii. – 2020. – T. 10. – # 4 (56).– S. 1080-1092.
3. Belov A. A. Kak izmenilis' polnomochija Prezidenta Rossii posle prinjatija zakona RF o popravek v Konstituciju RF? // V sbornike: Molodoj issledovatel': vyzovy i perspektivy. Sbornik statej po materialam CLXVI mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Moskva, 2020. – S. 93-101.
4. Kazhnov S. N. Prezident predlozhil vnesti rjad popravok v Konstituciju RF // Vestnik federal'noj palaty advokatov. – 2020. – # 1. – S. 57-58.
5. Mitin A. N., Rassohin A. V. Gosudarstvennye sovety:sravnitel'nyj analiz zarubezhnoj i otechestvennoj praktiki // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2020. – # 6. – S. 33-38.
6. Muhamedov T. V. Normativno-pravovoj analiz predlozhennyh Prezidentom RF izmenenij v Konstituciju RF i ocenka predlozhennogo mehanizma voleiz"javlenija s tochki zrenija izbiratel'noj sistemy // Studencheskij vestnik. – 2020. – # 19-4 (117).– S. 72-75.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Saidov F.Z.
Constitutional and legal basis for the activities of the Ombudsman of the Kyrgyz Republic to ensure human and civil rights and freedoms
The Kyrgyz Republic recognizes that human and civil rights and freedoms are the highest value. In 2002, the position of the Ombudsman was established, which was supposed to solve problems and contradictions, as well as to change the situation with human and civil rights and freedoms in a positive way. The appearance of the Ombudsman has indeed aroused great interest not only among civil society, but also among officials of public authorities, local self-government bodies, State bodies, enterprises and institutions. But most of all, socially vulnerable citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic (disabled people, minors, the poor, pensioners) were waiting for help from the defender.
But at the same time, it should be noted that the legislative consolidation of the institution of the Ombudsman at the present time in order to eliminate violations of human and civil rights and freedoms in the state is not sufficient. While giving the Ombudsman in the Kyrgyz Republic broad tasks and functions for the protection of human and civil rights and freedoms, the laws did not provide for a clear mechanism for the implementation of his powers. The defender has the right to consider citizens’ complaints and make appropriate decisions on them. But at the moment, the law enforcement activity of the Ombudsman has shown that he does not have the appropriate powers to protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen.
The methodological basis consists of: dialectical method of cognition, comparative legal analysis, historical-legal and formal-legal.
As a result of the study, the author offers recommendations for improving the powers of the Ombudsman for the protection of human and civil rights and freedoms, in accordance with the requirements of the present time.
Keywords: Ombudsman, safeguarding the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, Institute, judicial protection, the powers.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bashimov M.S. Institut ombudsmena (Upolnomochennogo po pravam cheloveka). - Astana, 2003.
2. Dusmatova Ch.A. Pravovye aspekty dejatel'nosti Ombudsmena Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki // Izvestija vuzov. -2014. - # 9. - S. 32-34.
3. Korabel'nikova Ju.L. Konstitucionno-pravovye osnovy vzaimodejstvija Upolnomochennogo po pravam cheloveka v Rossijskoj Federacii i organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti v obespechenii konstitucionnyh prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina: avtoreferat dis. kand.… jurid. nauk. - M., 2007.
4. Hamaneva N.Ju. Upolnomochennyj po pravam cheloveka- zashhitnik prav grazhdan. - M.: Institut gosudarstva i prava RAN. Serija Novoe v juridicheskoj nauke i praktike, 2013.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Chentsov S.D.
The right to native language: Russian and foreign experience
The author raises the issue of the right to use the native language. Part 2 of Art. 26 of the Constitution of Russia enshrines the right of everyone to use their native language and guarantees the free choice of the language of communication, education, training and creativity. It is concluded that, in general, at the constitutional level, a platform has been created for the linguistic sovereignty of the individual in combination with national identity. It is noted that the legislative development of these provisions at the federal and regional levels allows everyone to exercise the right to free choice and use of their native language without any form of discrimination. In addition, it touches upon and illustrates the problem of the lack of proper legislative regulation of the issue of teaching in the native language in a number of countries, as well as the interaction of national minorities with public authorities in the language of these minorities.
Keywords: constitutional right to the mother tongue, national self-identification, nationality, national minorities, guarantees, selfdetermination.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 #7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 01.07.2020 # 11-FKZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 01.07.2020, # 31, st. 4398.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 17 ijunja 1996 g. # 74-FZ «O nacional'no-kul'turnoj avtonomii» (v red. ot 9 fevralja 2009 g.) // Rossijskaja gazeta. 1996. 23 ijunja.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 29 dekabrja 2012 g. # 273-FZ «Ob obrazovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii» (v red. ot 01.05.2019). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant. ru/document/cons_doc_law_140174/
4. Zakon RF ot 25 oktjabrja 1991 g. # 1807-I «O jazykah narodov Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2011. # 50. St. 7361.
5. Zakon Respubliki Komi ot 28 maja 1992 g. «O gosudarstvennyh jazykah Respubliki Komi» (v red. zakona ot 20.06.2016).
6. Zakon Respubliki Tatarstan ot 8 ijulja 1992 g. #1560-XII «O jazykah narodov Respubliki Tatarstan»(v red. zakona ot 28.07.2004) // Vedomosti Verhovnogo Soveta Tatarstana. 1992. # 6. St. 80.
7. Zakon Respubliki Altaj ot 3 marta # 9-6 1993 g «O jazykah» (v red. ot 10.07.2012) // Vedomosti Verhovnogo Soveta Respubliki Altaj. 1993. # 3 (avgust-sentjabr'). S. 88.
8. Zakon Respubliki Adygeja ot 31 marta 1994 goda #74-1 «O jazykah narodov Respubliki Adygeja» (v red. ot 02.03.2017) // Vedomosti Zakonodatel'nogo Sobranija (Hasje) -Parlamenta. 1994. # 5.
9. Zakon Respubliki Marij Jel ot 26 oktjabrja 1995 g. # 290-III «O jazykah v Respublike Marij Jel» (v red. zakona ot 10.03.2011).
10. Zakon Respubliki Tatarstan ot 12 janvarja 2013 goda # 1-ZRT «Ob ispol'zovanii tatarskogo jazyka kak gosudarstvennogo ja zyka Respubliki Tatarstan» (v red. zakona ot 12.01.2013).
11. Zakon Respubliki Marij Jel ot 1 avgusta 2013 g. #29-Z «Ob obrazovanii v Respublike Marij Jel» (v red. zakona ot 03.12.2018).
12. Konvencija o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod (Rim, 4 nojabrja 1950 g.) (s izm. i dop. ot 21 sentjabrja 1970 g., 20 dekabrja 1971 g., 1 janvarja 1990 g., 6nojabrja 1990 g., 11 maja 1994 g.) // Bjulleten' mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov. Mart 2001 g. # 3.
13. Abashidze A.H., Ananidze F.R. Pravovoj status men'shinstv i korennyh narodov. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoj analiz. –M., 1997.
14. Bogdanova N.A. Konstitucionno-pravovoe regulirovanie nacional'nyh otnoshenij // Nacional'nyj vopros i gosudarstvennoe stroitel'stvo:problemy Rossii i opyt zarubezhnyh stran. –M.:Izdatel'stvo MGU, 2001. –S.52-54.
15. Evdokimova A.A. Razvitie regional'nyh jazykov Ispanii v ramkah jazykovoj politiki ES i Soveta Evropy // Ispanija i Rossii v novom kommunikativnom prostranstve XXI veka. IV Mezhdunarodnyj kongress ispanistov Rossii. – M: F GBOU VPO M GLU, 2014. – 729 s.
16. Dorovskih E. M. Konstitucionno-pravovoe regulirovanie ispol'zovanija jazykov narodov Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M.,2005.
17. Marhgejm M.V. Konstitucionnaja sistema zashhity prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina v Rossijskoj Federacii: dissertacija na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni doktora juridicheskih nauk. – M., 2005.
18. Marhgejm M.V. «Konstitucionnaja uvertjura»: variacii evropejskih gosudarstv // Nauka i obrazovanie:hozjajstvo i jekonomika; predprinimatel'stvo; pravo i upravlenie. – 2017. – # 3 (82). – S. 62-66.
19. Marhgejm M.V. Princip prioritetnosti kak konstitucionno-pravovaja real'nost' // V sbornike:Konstitucionalizm: simbioz nauki i praktiki. Materialy Mezhdunarodnogo kruglogo stola, posvjashhennogo pamjati i 80-letiju so dnja rozhdenija zasluzhennogo dejatelja nauki Rossijskoj Federacii, zasluzhennogo jurista Rossii, doktora juridicheskih nauk, professora N.V. Vitruka. Otvetstvennyj redaktor Marhgejm M.V., 2017. – S. 42-45.
20. Kovachev D.A. Konstitucionnoe pravo gosudarstv Evropy. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2005. – 320 s. 21. Konstitucii gosudarstv Evropy. – M.: Izd-vo NOR-MA, 2001. – T. 3.
22. Andrichenko L.V., Habrieva T.Ja. Pravovoe regulirovanie mezhnacional'nyh otnoshenij po zakonodatel'stvu zarubezhnyh gosudarstv // Zhurnal zarubezhnogo zakonodatel'stva i s ravnitel'nogo pravovedenija. – M.: Nota Bene, 2013. – # 3 (40). – S.
393-416.
23. Habrieva T.Ja. Nacional'no-kul'turnaja avtonomija:sovremennye problemy pravovogo regulirovanija //Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2002. – #2.
24. Shlygina N.V. Finljandskie shvedy // Jetnicheskie men'shinstva v sovremennoj Evrope. – M., 1997.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Chuprys M.K.
Some powers of the commissions for minors and other state bodies for protecting the rights of minors in the Republic of Belarus
As a result of the analysis of the legislation of the Republic of Belarus, it was found that it does not clearly regulate the procedures for protecting the rights of minors. According to the established tradition and in the absence of sufficient resources from the commissions for minors, the educational authorities solve most of the tasks of working with children. The article notes that in the process of protecting the rights of minors, commissions should fully fulfill the role of not only direct participants in terms of competence, but also coordinators of interdepartmental interaction in their jurisdiction. Their powers should be consistently expanded (including through the ability to manage the bodies and organizations that make up the education system, as well as through the resolution of disputes when making decisions on establishing a child’s status as being in a socially dangerous situation).
Keywords: commission on juvenile affairs, educational authorities, child protection, socially dangerous situation, dispute resolution, interdepartmental interaction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zakopyrin V. N. Administrativno-pravovoj status komissij po delam nesovershennoletnih i zashhite ih prav: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid nauk, 2006.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Yakimova E.M., Soshin A.A.
Constitutional principles of regulatory policy regarding entrepreneurial activity as the basis of “regulated entrepreneurship” in modern Russia
The question of the substantive characteristics of public administration of the economic system of society is one of the most important for research by various sciences. Despite the fact that these relations take shape in the economic sphere, the state establishes the rules of economic activity through the highest legal norms. It was concluded that the consolidation at the constitutional level of the principles of regulatory policy in relation to entrepreneurial activity is aimed at ensuring the safety of a large number of participants in the business-society-state system.
Keywords: security, public administration, regulation, entrepreneurial activity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ljannoj G. G. Bezopasnost' predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti, kak odin iz osnovnyh aspektov bezopasnosti gosudarstva // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossii. –2013. – # 4 (67). – S. 95-100.
2. Kruss V. I. Teorija konstitucionnogo pravopol'zovanija. – M.: Norma, 2007. – 752 s.
3. Minnikes I. A. «Indeks zashhishhennosti» i ego rol' v sovershenstvovanii zakonodatel'stva i zashhite prav cheloveka // Izvestija Irkutskoj gosudarstvennoj jekonomicheskoj akademii (Bajkal'skij gosudarstvennyj universitet jekonomiki i prava)
(jelektronnaja versija). – 2013. – # 4. – S. 25.
4. Sanina L. V. Rejtingi ocenki predprinimatel'skogo klimata: mezhdunarodnyj opyt // Izvestija Irkutskoj gosudarstvennoj jekonomicheskoj akademii (Bajkal'skij gosudarstvennyj universitet jekonomiki i prava). – 2014. – # 5. – S. 12.
5. Chesnokov A. A. Problemy stanovlenija bazovyh jekonomiko-pravovyh institutov Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2019. – # 2 (89). – S. 19-32.
6. Chuksina V. V. Globalizacija, prava cheloveka i objazannosti gosudarstva // Izvestija Irkutskoj gosudarstvennoj jekonomicheskoj akademii (Bajkal'skij gosudarstvennyj universitet jekonomiki i prava). – 2010. – # 6. – C. 55.
7. Jakimova E. M. Koncepcija ravnovesija sistemy konstitucionnogo regulirovanija predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti: monografija. – M.: Justicin-form, 2020. – 320 s.
8. Barry J. M., Pollman E. Regulatory Entrepreneurship //Southern California Law Review. – 2017. – Vol. 90:383.– Pp. 383-448.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Voronina A.A.
The content of the amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, introduced by the Law of the Russian Federation on amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation dated 14.03.2020 № 1-Federal Constitutional Law and their admissibility in accordance with current legislation
The article discusses the changes made to the Constitution of the Russian Federation in March 2020, their content and purpose, analyzes the provisions of the Law of the Russian Federation on the amendment to the Constitution of the Russian Federation of March 14, 2020 No. 1-Federal Constitutional Law «On improving regulation of certain issues of the organization and functioning of public authorities» for compliance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of adopting amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: the Constitution of the Russian Federation, amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the President, the sovereignty of the Russian Federation, the admissibility of amendments.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Zakon Rossijskoj Federacii o popravke k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14.03.2020 # 1-FKZ «O sovershenstvovanii regulirovanija otdel'nyh voprosov organizacii i funkcionirovanija publichnoj vlasti» // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 04.03.1998 # 33-FZ «O porjadke prinjatija i vstuplenija v silu popravok k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii» // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Zakljuchenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 16.03.2020 # 1-Z «O sootvetstvii polozhenijam glav 1, 2 i 9 Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii ne vstupivshih v silu polozhenij Zakona Rossijskoj Federacii o popravke k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii «O sovershenstvovanii regulirovanija otdel'nyh voprosov organizacii i funkcionirovanija publichnoj vlasti», a takzhe o sootvetstvii Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii porjadka vstuplenija v silu stat'i 1 dannogo Zakona v svjazi s zaprosom Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii» // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
5. Lazarev V. V. Popravki v Konstituciju Rossijskoj Federacii v svete reshenij Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii // Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://izak.ru/img_content/content/books/lazarev-lekcii.pdf (data obrashhenija: 01.12.2020).
6. Starikov N. V. Nacionalizacija rublja – put' k svobode Rossii. – SPb.: Piter, 2017 – 336 s.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Platoshkina S.Yu.
Causes and problems of preventing crimes against minors
One of the most serious social problems in modern society is still the abuse of minors. In the article, the author analyzes the causes and problems of preventing crimes against minors. In Russian society, there is an increase in impoverishment, alcoholism and drug addiction among the population, a high level of maternal deprivation and, as a result, an increase in social orphanhood, the number of crimes committed against minors, crimes committed with the involvement of minors, as well as the commission of crimes by minors. The author proposes to establish at the legislative level the guarantees of the child to be protected from all forms of violence.
Keywords: minors, children, child, crime, child abuse.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 g. s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 1 ijulja 2020 g.). – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru.
2. Oficial'nyj sajt General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://genproc.gov.ru.
3. Oficial'nyj sajt Sledstvennogo komiteta Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sledcom.ru.
4. Oficial'nyj sajt Federal'nogo banka dannyh o detjah, ostavshihsja bez popechenija roditelej. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.usynovite.ru.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Abdreev T.I.
Current issues of state and municipal control of business entities in the context of administrative reform
In the article, the author examines the issues of control and supervisory activities, which are an integral part of public administration.
The author highlights the common features and complexity of these activities, while pointing out the differences in the organization and conduct of verification activities. In addition, the article notes the important coordinating role of the Prosecutor’s Office in the system of state and municipal control bodies.
Keywords: state and municipal control, financial control, self-regulating organizations, administrative reform.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 31.07.2020 # 248-FZ «O gosudarstvennom kontrole (nadzore) i municipal'nom kontrole v Rossijskoj Federacii». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.garant.ru (data obrashhenija: 05.11.2020).
2. Bjudzhetnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 31.07.1998 # 145-FZ // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija: 19.01.2021).
3. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 17.02.2015 g. # 2-P // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija: 19.01.2021).
4. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 6.03.2004 goda # 7-P // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija: 19.01.2021).
5. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 31.05.2005 goda # 6-P // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija:19.01.2021).
6. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.07.2008 goda # 10-P // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija:19.01.2021).
7. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 06.02.2020 # 95 «Ob utverzhdenii federal'nogo standarta vnutrennego gosudarstvennogo (municipal'nogo) finansovogo kontrolja «Principy kontrol'noj dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennego gosudarstvennogo (municipal'nogo) finansovogo kontrolja» // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija: 19.01.2021).
8. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 06.02.2020 # 100 «Ob utverzhdenii federal'nogo standarta vnutrennego gosudarstvennogo (municipal'nogo) finansovogo kontrolja «Prava i objazannosti dolzhnostnyh lic organov vnutrennego gosudarstvennogo (municipal'nogo) finansovogo kontrolja i ob"ektov vnutrennego gosudarstvennogo (municipal'nogo) finansovogo kontrolja (ih dolzhnostnyh lic) pri osushhestvlenii vnutrennego gosudarstvennogo (municipal'nogo) finansovogo kontrolja» // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija:19.01.2021).
9. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27.02.2020 # 208 «Ob utverzhdenii federal'nogo standarta vnutrennego gosudarstvennogo (municipal'nogo) finansovogo kontrolja «Planirovanie proverok, revizij i obsledovanij» // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija: 19.01.2021).
10. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 23.07.2020 # 1095 «Ob utverzhdenii federal'nogo standarta vnutrennego gosudarstvennogo (municipal'nogo) finansovogo kontrolja «Realizacija rezul'tatov proverok, revizij i obsledovanij» // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija:19.01.2021).
11. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 17.08.2020 # 1235 Ob utverzhdenii federal'nogo standarta vnutrennego gosudarstvennogo (municipal'nogo) finansovogo kontrolja «Provedenija proverok, revizij i obsledovanij i oformlenij ih rezul'tatov» // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant»(data obrashhenija: 19.01.2021).
12. Prikaz General'nogo prokurora Rossijskoj Federacii ot 31.03.2008 # 53 «Ob organizacii prokurorskogo nadzora za sobljudeniem prav sub"ektov predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti» // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija: 19.01.2021).
13. Prikaz General'noj prokuratury RF ot 14.03.2019 #192 «Ob organizacii prokurorskogo nadzora za ispolneniem zakonodatel'stva pri realizacii nacional'nyh proektov» // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija: 19.01.2021).
14. Prikaz General'nogo Prokurora Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14.01.2021 # 6 «Ob organizacii prokurorskogo nadzora za ispolneniem zakonodatel'stva v sfere zakupok» // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija: 19.01.2021).
15. Ukazanie Genprokuratury Rossii # 387/49, MVD Rossii # 1/7985, SK Rossii # 1/218, FSB Rossii # 23, FTS Rossii # 266-r ot 23.07.2020 «Ob usilenii prokurorskogo nadzora i vedomstvennogo kontrolja za organami, osushhestvljajushhimi operativno-rozysknuju dejatel'nost', doznanie i predvaritel'noe sledstvie po ugolovnym delam o prestuplenijah v sfere predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti» // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «Garant» (data obrashhenija: 19.01.2021).
16. Abdreev T. I. Osobennosti pravovogo regulirovanija ocenochnoj dejatel'nosti: Mezhotraslevye aspekty: glava monografii v 4-h tomah. otv. redaktor S. D. Mogilevskij [i dr.]. –M., 2020.
17. Nozdrachev A. F., Zyrjanov S. M., Kalmykova A. V. Reforma gosudarstvennogo kontrolja (nadzora) i municipal'nogo kontrolja // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2017. –# 9 (249). –S. 34-46.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Bulgakova L.S.
Administrative and legal aspects of ensuring the environmental safety of Russia as an element of national security
The article examines the legal and organizational aspects of ensuring national security, the definition of environmental safety is also clarified, the role and place of environmental safety in the national security system of the country is revealed, some issues of ensuring the environmental safety of the state in the context of the modern environmental crisis are discussed. Also analyzed are the administrative and legal aspects of ensuring the environmental safety of Russia as an element of national security.
Keywords: national security, threat, factor, environmental safety, ecology, environmental protection, administrative aspects.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 10.01.2002 # 7-FZ (red. Ot 31.07.2020) «Ob ohrane okruzhajushhej sredy» // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 04.02.1994 # 236 «O gosudarstvennoj strategii Rossijskoj Federacii po ohrane okruzhajushhej sredy i obespecheniju ustojchivogo razvitija» // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
3. Osnovy gosudarstvennoj politiki v oblasti jekologicheskogo razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2030 goda (utv. Prezidentom RF 30.04.2012) // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
4. Burcev V. I. Administrativno-pravovoj metod ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy v RF // Al'manah sovremennoj nauki i obrazovanija. – 2011. – # 1 (44). – S. 12-14.
5. Butova E. V. Rekomendacii po optimizacii administrativno-pravovogo regulirovanija jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti // Teoreticheskie i prikladnye aspekty sovremennoj nauki. – 2014. – # 1. – S. 214-217.
6. Vagina O. V. Ugolovno-pravovoj i administrativno-pravovoj aspekty obespechenija jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii // Biznes, menedzhment i pravo. – 2017. – # 1-2 (37-38). – S. 76-79.
7. Galickaja N. V. Administrativno-pravovye aspekty obespechenija jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti zhiznedejatel'nosti grazhdan v Rossii // Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Pravo. – 2017. –# 3 (30). – S. 101-107.
8. Glushko O. A. Prioritety koncepcii jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti // Politematicheskij setevoj jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal Kubanskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta. – 2015. – # 109. – S. 901-912.
9. Krivonoshhenko A. S. O specifike administrativno-pravovyh otnoshenij, skladyvajushhihsja v sfere obespechenija jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti // Pravo.by. –2014. – # 1 (27). – S. 56-61.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Gasanaliev A. S., Mansurov U. O.
Problems of the process of organizing the management system in the domestic healthcare sector
Within the framework of this article, analytical work was carried out on aspects related to the legal and administrative regulation of the existing system responsible for the management of the domestic system of public health protection. The main problems in the existing Russian healthcare system were also studied and the most effective methods were proposed to ensure the possibility of their prompt solution.
Keywords: health protection systems, state management system, process organization system, policy, medical care system, efficiency, financial content, problems of the modern health care system, medicine.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: [prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993]. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http: //www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/ (data obrashhenija: 20.04.2019).
2. Ob osnovah ohrany zdorov'ja grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. zakon ot 21.11.2011 # 323-FZ.
3. Ministerstvo zdravoohranenija Rossijskoj Federacii. PRIKAZ ot 10 maja 2017 g. # 203n. Ob utverzhdenii kriteriev ocenki kachestva medicinskoj pomoshhi.
4. Ob utverzhdenii gosudarstvennoj programmy Rossijskoj Federacii «Razvitie zdravoohranenija»: postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 26.12.2017 # 1640.
5. «Zdravoohranenie Rossii. Chto nado delat'. Sostojanie i predlozhenija: 2019-2024 gg. 3-e izd. – Moskva:GJeOTAR-Media, 2019.
6. Evropejskaja baza dannyh o smertnosti / WHO Mortality Database. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://apps.who.int/healthinfo/statistics/mortality/whodpms/.
7. EMISS / baza dannyh Rosstata. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fedstat.ru/.
8. Zdorov'e dlja vseh / baza dannyh VOZ. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://gateway.euro.who.int/ru/hfa-explorer/
9. Plastova A. V. Uroven' zdravoohranenija v Rossii //Skif. Voprosy studenchesko nauki. – 2017. – # 16. – S.196-199.
10. Provatorova A. S. Sovershenstvovanie gosudarstvennogo upravlenija v sfere zdravoohranenija // Koncept.– 2018. – # 11. – S. 153-161.
11. Red'ko A. A. O nereshennyh problemah rossijskogo zdravoohranenija // Zdorov'e osnova chelovecheskogo potenciala: problemy i puti ih reshenija. – 2016. – #2. – S. 453-456.
12. Rejting stran mira po jeffektivnosti sistem zdravoohranenija «Bloobberg». –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://gtmarket.ru/news/2016/10/08/7306.
13. Rosstat. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa:http://www.gks.ru/
14. OECD. Stat / baza dannyh OJeSR. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://stats.oecd.org/.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Zhumakanova Zh. K.
Ways to protect the rights and legitimate interests of road users
The relevance of the article is aimed at considering the causes of violations of the rights and legitimate interests of road users, the increase in road accidents. The purpose of this article is to describe the methods and mechanisms for protecting the rights and legitimate interests of road users. As methods, the author uses a number of general scientific and private scientific research methods, the method of analysis, formal legal, comparative legal, and a number of others. The formulated results of the study, the method of protecting the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, can be used in the work on improving the legislation, also used for educational purposes.
Keywords: road traffic, road users, vehicles, the rules of the road.
Work bibliographic list
1. O dorozhnom dvizhenii: zakon Kyrg. Resp. ot 20 aprelja 1998 goda # 52 (v red. Zakonov Kyrg. Resp. 21 avg. 2020 g. # 138) // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «TOKTOM mamleket Pro». [Jelektronnyj resurs]– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.toktom.kg/?comp=main&m_t=1. – Zagl. s jekrana.
2. O porjadke rassmotrenija obrashhenij grazhdan: zakon Kyrg. Resp. ot 4 maja 2007 goda # 67 (v red. Zakonov Kyrg. Resp. 27 ijul. 2016 g. # 151) // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «TOKTOM mamleket Pro». [Jelektronnyj resurs]– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.toktom.kg/?comp=main&m_t=1.
3. Ob osnovah administrativnoj i dejatel'nosti i administrativnyh procedurah: zakon Kyrg. Resp. Ot 31 ijulja 2015 goda # 2010 (v red. Zakonov Kyrg. Resp. 15 ijul. 2015 g. #210) // Informacionno-pravovaja sistema «TOKTOM mamleket Pro». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.toktom.kg/?comp=main&m_t=1.
4. Amelichkin A. Administrativno-pravovye osnovy zashhity prav i zakonnyh interesov uchastnikov dorozhnogo dvizhenija. Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - SPb., 2003.
5. Zhulev V.I. Transportnye prestuplenija. - M.:Spark, 2001. - S. 57-71.
6. Kim O.D. Problemy i puti sovershenstvovanija rassledovanija dorozhno-transportnyh proisshestvij na osnove nauchnyh znanij. - B.: Ilim, 1998. - S. 112-134
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Kovalchuk A. P.
The problem of allowing a driver who does not have a Russian national driver’s license to drive a vehicle
Ensuring road safety is one of the important tasks of state and legal policy in many countries. One of the mechanisms for improving road safety is to restrict access to driving for citizens who do not have a national license or a temporary certificate.
The purpose of this article is to analyze the problems in the field of admission to driving a driver who does not have a Russian national driver’s license. The problem under consideration is multidimensional. First of all, the admission conditions differ for persons who are Russian citizens and for foreign citizens. Another important aspect is the ban on working without a Russian driver’s license. The employer is responsible for allowing an employee with a foreign driver’s license to drive a vehicle. However, a number of large companies circumvent this ban. We are talking about the largest aggregators such as Yandex.Taxi, Uber, and others. They are not, in fact, a direct employer. But at the same time, they supervise passenger transportation, sending orders for transportation without checking the driver’s license.
The system-legal analysis showed that this problem at the present stage has not been resolved in any of the foreign countries.
As a result of the research, it is concluded that aggregators need to recognize the legal status of employers.
Keywords: foreign driver’s license, Russian driver’s license, access to transport management, responsibility for employment without a Russian driver’s license.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red.ot 31.07.2020) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 11.08.2020)//SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija» ot 10.12.1995 # 196-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija) //SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.05.2013 # 92-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon “O bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija”//SPS Konsul'tant Pljus
4. Ambarcumjan A. Zakony i iniciativy diktuet zhizn'. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http:// www.vest-news.ru/ article.php?id=56708.
5. V Moskve bolee 50 procentov rabotnikov taksi okazalis' migrantami // [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2019/11/25/reg-cfo/v-moskve-bolee-poloviny-taksistov-okazalismigrantami.html.
6. Zakaljuzhnaja N.V. Netipichnye trudovye otnoshenija: vidoizmenenie klassicheskih priznakov // Nauchnye vedomosti BelGU. Serija: Filosofija, sociologija, pravo.-2014. - # 16 (187). - S. 123-129.
7. Zamena inostrannyh voditel'skih prav na rossijskie. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://onlinegibdd.ru/articles/view/zamena-inostrannih-prav.
8. Krekova M.M., Kiseleva E.M., Krasil'nikov A.V. Vlijanie formirovanija cifrovoj jekonomiki na razvitie chelovecheskih resursov // Sovremennaja nauka: aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki. Serija: Jekonomika i pravo. - 2017. - # 12.- S. 41-43.
9. Perevozchikov nakazhut za dopusk k avtobusnym perevozkam voditelej bez prava upravlenija TS. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://dtpptz.ru/dtp/popul/6231-perevozchikov-nakazhutza-dopusk-k-avtobusnym-perevozkam-voditelej-bezprava-upravleniya-ts.
10. Pis'mo Genprokuratury ob ispol'zovanii inostrannyh prav. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://pddmaster.ru/vu/inostrannie-prok.html
11. Chesalina O.V. Rabota na osnove internet-platform (crowdwork i work on demand via apps) kak vyzov trudovomu i social'nomu pravu // Trudovoe pravo v Rossii i za rubezhom. 2017. # 1. S. 52-55.
12. Shtraf za dopusk k upravleniju transportnym sredstvom voditelja, ne imejushhego rossijskogo nacional'nogo voditel'skogo udostoverenija na osnove normy st. 12.32.1 KOAP RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rulaws.ru/articles/ shtraf-za-dopusk-k-upravleniyu-ts-voditelya-neimeyushego-rossijskogo-nacionalnogo-voditelskogoudostovereniya-na-osnovanii-normy-st-12321-koap-rf/.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Lusegenova Z. S.
On modern forms of Government
On the basis of the works of jurists and philosophers of the 19th-20th centuries, the transition of legal science from the theoretical substantiation of the improvement of forms of government on the basis of their ideological content, to the method of integral assessments of the activities of government bodies is recorded. Analysis of program research on the transformation of public administration has shown that the basis for building new management relations is becoming Business and Consumption as global categories. The characteristic of the state power in the network society is given. The problem of the formation of modern forms of Russian government in the context of the global governance crisis is outlined.
Keywords: State, power, public administration, forms of government, global governance, network society.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev N.N. «Russkij narod i gosudarstvo». M.,«Agraf», 1998.
2. Bochenkova N.A. Indeksy social'nyh nastroenij v sovremennyh sociologicheskih centrah // Vestnik Universiteta. 2013. # 23.
3. Larionova M.V., Kirton Dzh. Global'noe upravle- nie posle krizisa COVID-19 // Vestnik mezhdunarodnyh organizacij. T. 15. # 2.
4. Mal'cev G.V. Bjurokratija kak pravovaja i moral'naja problema: monografija. M.: Izd-vo RAGS, 2010.
5. Marchenko M.N. Gosudarstvo i pravo v uslovijah globalizacii. M30 M.: Prospekt, 2016.
6. Tihomirov Ju.A. Novye vektory regulirovanija – «drugoe» pravo? // Zhurnal Rossijskogo prava. 2016. # 4.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Mosinyan K. T.
Legal and organizational bases of the policy of combating corruption and conflict of Interests in the subjects of the Russian Federation (on the example of the Tyumen Region and its Autonomous Districts)
The article presents a comparative legal analysis of the program and strategic documents, laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Tyumen Region, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Yugra, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, which form the legal basis of the regional anti-corruption policy. Special attention is paid to the regulatory legal acts that were initiated by the heads of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The article summarizes the main activities and powers of the highest officials of the subjects of the Russian Federation in this area, identifies common approaches to the legal regulation of regional anti-corruption policy and the existing features of regional practices, and formulates proposals for improving legislation.
Keywords: analysis, conflict of interest, prevention, settlement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 25.12.2008 # 273-FZ «O protivodejstvii korrupcii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2008. – # 52 (ch. 1). – St. 6228.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 2 aprelja 2013 g. # 309 «O merah po realizacii otdel'nyh polozhenij Federal'nogo zakona «O protivodejstvii korrupcii» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/70350274/
3. Zakon Tjumenskoj oblasti ot 25 fevralja 2009 g. # 6 «O protivodejstvii korrupcii v Tjumenskoj oblasti» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/18771598/
4. Zakon Hanty-Mansijskogo avtonomnogo okruga -Jugry 25.09.2008 g. v redakcii ot 28.05.2015 g. #86-OZ «O merah po protivodejstviju korrupcii v HMAO-Jugre» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami)// Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://zakon-khantymansiyskogo-avtonomnogo-okruga-yugry-ot-25-09-2008-g-86.
5. Zakon Jamalo-Neneckogo avtonomnogo okruga ot 30 oktjabrja 2017 g. # 72-ZAO (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami) «O protivodejstvii korrupcii v Jamalo-Neneckom avtonomnom okruge» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/46623546/#friends.
6. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva JaNAO ot 20.08.2018 # 866-P «Ob utverzhdenii kompleksnoj programmy «Protivodejstvie korrupcii v Jamalo-Neneckom avtonomnom okruge na 2018-2020 gody»// Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs].–Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/27953729/.
7. Ustav (Osnovnoj zakon) Hanty-Mansijskogo avtonomnogo okruga - Jugry» ot 26.04.1995 # 4-oz (red. ot 24.09.2020) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Hanty-Mansijskogo avtonomnogo okruga - Jugry (specvypusk). - 24.09.2020.
8. Ustav Tjumenskoj oblasti ot 30.06.1995 # 6 (red. ot 30.11.2020) // Oficial'nom internet-portale pravovoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija:30.11.2020).
9. Dogovor mezhdu organami gosudarstvennoj vlasti Tjumenskoj oblasti, Hanty-Mansijskogo avtonomnogo okruga - Jugry i Jamalo-Neneckogo avtonomnogo okruga ot 09.07.2004 (s izm. ot 16.07.2018) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Hanty-Mansijskogo avtonomnogo okruga –Jugry. –31 nojabrja 2004 g. –# 11. –St. 1766.
10. Poslanie Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii Federal'nomu Sobraniju ot 15.01.2020 «Poslanie Prezidenta Federal'nomu Sobraniju» // Rossijskaja gazeta. –# 7. –16.01.2020.
11. Andrushevich I. I. Respublika i demokratija po klassifikacii Aristotelja / I. I. Andrushevich //Politija. –2006. –# 1. –S. 171-179.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Ovchinnikova L. I.
Modern information and communication technologies and their impact on the efficiency of state and municipal Administration
The article deals with modern information and communication technologies and their impact on the efficiency of state and municipal administration, as well as issues of improving the quality of state and municipal services and contacts of the administration with citizens, by providing information and services using information and communication technologies.
Keywords: information and communication technologies, efficiency, state and municipal management, municipal services, citizens, administration, information resources.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dobroljubova E.I., Juzhakov V.N. Jevoljucija gosudarstvennogo upravlenija // Jekonomicheskaja politika Rossii. Turbulentnoe desjatiletie 2008-2018. - M.:Izdatel'skij dom «Delo» RANHiGS, 2020. - 760 s.
2. Domozhirova O.V., Kolesnikov A.V. Ispol'zovanie informacionno kommunikacionnyh tehnologij v sfere gosudarstvennyh uslug v Rossii // Vestnik sel'skogo razvitija i social'noj politiki. - 2020.- # 2 (26). - S. 13-15.
3. Informacionnye tehnologii dlja gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih / Kamolov S.G., Artemova P.V. - M., 2017.- 215 s.
4. Judovich A. M. Informacionnye tehnologii v dejatel'nosti organov gosudarstvennogo i municipal'nogo upravlenija // Nauchnyj zhurnal. - 2017.- # 10 (23). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/informatsionnyetehnologii-v-deyatelnosti-organov-gosudarstvennogoi-munitsipalnogo-upravleniya (data obrashhenija:20.01.2021).
5. Wong W., Welch E. (2004), Does E-Government Promote Accountability? A Comparative Analysis of Website Openness and Government Accountability, Governance, 17 ( 2).
6. Oficial'nyj sajt gosudarstvennyh uslug. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gosuslugi.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 20.01.2021 g.).
7. Oficial'nyj sajt Mjera Moskvy. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.mos.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 20.01.2021 g.).
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Sitkov M. A., Pyatkov M. V.
Some aspects of administrative and legal regulation in the field of fire safety
The article examines the state of fire safety in educational institutions of the Russian Federation over a six-year period. A significant part of educational institutions are located in buildings built in the 50-60s of the 20th century, which are still in use today. Such buildings do not meet modern mandatory fire safety requirements. The statistics of fires in educational buildings over a six-year period shows that the operation of schools in which fire-prevention measures have not been performed creates conditions for the occurrence of fires and prerequisites for a threat to the life and health of children at these facilities.
The problem of administrative and legal regulation in ensuring the fire safety of educational institutions is in the lack of funding for measures to ensure the fire safety of educational institutions.
Keywords: fire safety, еnsuring fire safety fire safety requirements, administrative and legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zakonodatel'noe sobranie Krasnojarskogo kraja[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.sobranie.info/files2018/181541345140518.pdf(data obrashhenija: 03.11.2020).
2. Konsul'tantPljus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/#dst0 (data obrashhenija: 26.10.2020).
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.12.1994 # 69-FZ «O pozharnoj bezopasnosti». Konsul'tantPljus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_5438/ (data obrashhenija: 26.10.2020).
4. Konsul'tantPljus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_78699/3029671a1b80c5d91e7b1190a2cd09944c56ae8c/ (data obrashhenija: 26.10.2020).
5. Novosti MChS Rossii [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://mchsrf.ru/news/357049-pojarnaya-bezopasnost-shkol-v.html (data obrashhenija: 30.10.2020).
6. Pozhary i pozharnaja bezopasnost' v 2018 godu: Statisticheskij sbornik. Pod obshhej redakciej D.M. Gordienko. - M.: VNIIPO, 2019, - 127 s.: il. 43. Fireman.club. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://fireman.club/literature/statistika-pozharov-za-
2018-god-pozharyi-i-pozharnaya-bezopasnost-v-2018/(data obrashhenija 27.10.2020).
7. Sistema obrazovanija Samarskoj oblasti v cifrah i faktah (2018-2019 uchebnyj god) [Jelek-tronnyj resurs]. - rezhim dostupa: http://edutlt.samregion.ru/about-managing/structures/%D0%A1%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F%20%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8C_%20
%D0%B2%20%D1%86%D0%B8%D1%84%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%85%20%D0%B8%20%D1%84%D0%B0%D0%BA%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%85%202019%20%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4.pdf (data obrashhenija:04.11.2020).
8. TASS [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://tass.ru/proisshestviya/6917987 (data obrashhenija: 27.10.2020).
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Sysoeva T. V., Sysoev A. V
Comparative analysis of some norms of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offenses
The subject of this research is the norms of the Russian criminal procedural and administrative
law, which regulate the stages of judicial proceedings in the courts of first, appeal and cassation
instances. The article analyzes the gaps in administrative legislation, in particular, the problems
of ensuring the rights of participants in proceedings in cases of administrative offenses at the corresponding stages of proceedings in cases of administrative offenses. Suggestions are made to
improve the current administrative legislation in this area.
Keywords: administrative offense, beatings, minutes of the court session, appeal against court
orders, act.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii s izmenenijami ot 01.07.2020 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/.
2. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob Administrativnyh pravonarushenijah (po sostojaniju na 15.01.2021 g.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34661/.
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii po voprosam sovershenstvovanija osnovanij i porjadka osvobozhdenija ot ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti» ot 03.07.2016 #323-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_200696/.
4. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 08.12.2020) (s izm. I dop., vstup. v silu s 19.12.2020) [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34481/.
5. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob osnovah ohrany zdorov'ja grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 21.11.2011 # 323-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija).
6. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_121895/.
7. Postanovlenija Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 24 marta 2005 g. # 5 «O nekotoryh voprosah, voznikajushhih u sudov pri primenenii Kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah»[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/12139487/.
8. Kornienko O.V. Kudrjavcev B.A. Nekotorye osobennosti proizvodstva po delu ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah po st. 6.1.1 «Poboi» KoAP / Vestnik UrJuI MVD Rossii # 4 2017g. S. 3-7.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Filin V. V., Fetkulov A. H., Rakhimgulova M. B., Baikenzhina K. A.
On some issues of improving the administrative legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the light of the president’s message
The authors analyze the individual results of the state-building programs of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Directions are defined, specific measures are formulated to optimize and improve the institutions of administrative responsibility, crime prevention, and ensuring the rights and freedoms of citizens. The authors tried to formulate the main directions and ways of their possible solution within the framework of the tasks set by the President.
Keywords: administrative responsibility, administrative offence, prevention of crime, treatment of citizens and public authorities.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gridin S.I., Shamrin M.Ju. Problemy sovershenstvovanija administrativnogo processa v proekte kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnoj otvetstvennosti. Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2017. – # 1 (104). – S. 142-145.
2. Filin V.V, Bajkenzhina K.A., Adil'bekova K.K., Iskalieva M.S. Osnovnye tendencii razvitija Kazahstanskogo administrativnogo prava // Vestnik KJeU: jekonomika, filosofija, pedagogika, jurisprudencija. – 2017. – #3(46). – S. 128-132.
3. Filin V.V., Bajkenzhina K.A., Balgimbekov D.U. O nekotoryh voprosah razvitija institutov administrativnoj otvetstvennosti i gosudarstvennoj sluzhby v Respublike Kazahstan // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal «Nauka i zhizn' Kazahstana». – 2019. – #11/2. –S. 99-107.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Chagin I. B.
Legal experiment as a tool to ensure the quality of legal regulation
The approaches to understanding the quality of legal phenomena are considered. It is proposed to understand the quality of legal regulation as a set of characteristics (criteria) of legal regulation, which make it possible to determine the ability of a normative legal act and other legal means to create a certain order in space and time. Six theses are put forward to prove the position that legal experiment contributes to improving the quality of legal regulation. The source base of the study was based on the provisions of the current domestic legislation, as well as doctrinal works on the topic, including foreign languages.
Keywords: legal experiment, lawmaking, legal regulation, legal forecasting.
Work bibliographic list
1. Devickij Je. I. Bazovye defekty kak osnova vyjavlenija konceptual'nyh nedostatkov normativnyh pravovyh aktov // Prolog: zhurnal o prave / Prologue:Law Journal. – 2018. – # 4.
2. Kartuhin V. Ju. Tehniko-juridicheskoe kachestvo zakonov sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2008. – 168 s.
3. Kuprjashin G. L. Koncepcija «umnogo regulirovanija» zarubezhnyj opyt i vozmozhnosti primenenija v gosudarstvennom upravlenii Rossii // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 21: Upravlenie (gosudarstvo i obshhestvo). – 2013. – # 2. – S. 3-20.
4. Mal'ko A. V. Obshhaja teorija gosudarstva i prava:uchebnik / 7-e izd. – SPb.: Piter, 2006. – 510 s.
5. Panchenko V. Ju., Krasnova V. A. Pravovoj jeksperiment kak sredstvo nedopushhenija juridicheskih prepjatstvij v realizacii prav i zakonnyh interesov// Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2015. – #8. – S. 131-135.
6. Slovar' inostrannyh slov, voshedshih v sostav russkogo jazyka / pod redakciej A. N. Chudinova. –Sankt-Peterburg: Izdanie knigoprodavca V. I. Gubinskogo, 1894. – 989 c.
7. Syryh E.V. Obshhie kriterii kachestva zakona: dis.… kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2001. – 221 s.
8. Sivickij V. A., Sorokin M. Ju. Pravovoj jeksperiment i razvitie prava // Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. – Moskva, 2016. – # 4. – S. 15-28.
9. Filosofskij jenciklopedicheskij slovar' / pod redakciej: S. S. Averincev, Je. A. Arab-Ogly, L. V. Il'ichev, S. M. Kovalev, N. M. Lanada, V. S. Stjopin.– M.: Sovetskaja jenciklopedija, 1989. – 815 s.
10. Chagin I. B. Reguljativnaja pesochnica kak metod razrabotki pravovogo regulirovanija // Social'nye instituty v pravovom izmerenii: teorija i praktika: sbornik statej po materialam Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – Irkutsk. –2020. – S. 34-40.
11. Jenciklopedicheskij slovar' Brokgauza i Efrona. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https:// www.vehi.net/brokgauz/ (data obrashhenija: 08.11.2020).
12. Bar-Siman-Tov I. Temporary Legislation, Better Regulation and Experimentalist Governance: An Empirical Study (July 10, 2016). Regulation and Governance 192–219 (2018), Bar Ilan University Faculty of Law Research Paper. No. 18–13. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2807564/
13. Pascual G. D. Los experimentos jurídicos // Revista de Administración Pública. – 2004. – # 145. – 145–187 p.
14. Ranchordás S. Constitutional Sunsets and Experimental Legislation: a Comparative Perspective. – Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2014. – 237 p.
15. Van Gestel R. Better Regulation through Experimental Legislation // European Public Law. – 2011. – # 3. – 539-553 p.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Adamenko A. M.
Regulatory practice of preserving sacred places in the subject of the federation: based on materials of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
The article examines the regulatory framework of state protection of cultural heritage objects (historical and cultural monuments) in the subject of the federation: based on the materials of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), which is one of the priority tasks of the state.
The modern legal framework for the protection of sacred sites in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is presented. The analysis of changes in legislation is given.
Keywords: sacred place, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), law, decree, protection, protection.
Work bibliographic list
1. Otchet ob osushhestvlenii polnomochij v sfere sohranenija, ispol'zovanija, populjarizacii, gosudarstvennoj ohrany i gosudarstvennogo nadzora ob"ektov kul'turnogo nasledija za 2020 god. Departament Respubliki Saha (Jakutija) po ohrane ob"ektov kul'turnogo nasledija. – Jakutsk, 2020
2. Konvencija ob ohrane vsemirnogo kul'turnogo i prirodnogo nasledija. Prinjata 16 nojabrja 1972 goda General'noj konferenciej Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij po voprosam obrazovanija, nauki i kul'tury.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/heritage.shtml (data obrashhenija: 14.12. 2020).
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Mikheeva T. N.
Local self-government in the light of the polemic on amendments to the Constitution of Russia
The article examines scientific opinions on the 2020 constitutional amendments in the field of local government. A difficult analysis of conflicting judgments allowed the author to substantiate his own position, according to which the constitutional amendments are logical and, in general, are aimed at strengthening the interaction of local self-government with state authorities.
Keywords: local self-government, state power, public power, constitutional amendments.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bazhenova O. I. Realizacija preobrazovannoj konstitucionnoj modeli mestnogo samoupravlenija v Rossii: pervye shagi // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. - 2020. - # 12. - S. 30-40.
2. Miheev D. S. Glasnost' i informirovannost' naselenija o rabote organov mestnogo samoupravlenija:konstitucionno-pravovoj aspekt // Marijskij juridicheskij vestnik. - 2014. - # 11. - S. 18-23.
3. Miheev D. S. Ob obshhestvennom kontrole za dejatel'nost'ju organov mestnogo samoupravlenija: problemy stanovlenija i tendencii razvitija. Monografija. - Joshkar-Ola, 2012. - 144 s.
4. Miheev D. S. Regulirovanie principa glasnosti mestnogo samoupravlenija v zakonodatel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2014. - # 2 (69). - S. 120-121.
5. Miheev D. S. Glasnost' v mestnom samoupravlenii cherez prizmu konstitucionnyh polozhenij // Evrazijskaja advokatura. - 2013. - # 4 (5). - S. 81-83.
6. Miheev D. S., Miheeva T. N. Rol' glasnosti v osushhestvlenii obshhestvennogo kontrolja na municipal'nom urovne // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta kooperacii. - 2016. - # 1 (23). - S. 120-123.
7. Peshin N. L. Konstitucionnaja reforma mestnogo samoupravlenija: mehanizmy vstraivanija mestnogo samoupravlenija v sistemu gosudarstvennoj vlasti// Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. - 2020.- # 8. - S. 24-30.
8. Treshheva O. Ju., Balajan Je. Ju. Municipal'naja vlast' v uslovijah modernizacii obshhestva i gosudarstva //Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. -2020. - # 9. - S. 22-25.
9. Filippova A. V. Konstitucionnye popravki o  mestnom samoupravlenii: analiz proekta i problemy pravoprimenenija // Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. - 2020. - # 8. - S. 27-31.
10. Chertkov A. N. Mestnoe samoupravlenie v Rossii s pozicij mestnogo soobshhestva: istoriko-pravovoj vzgljad na sovremennye problemy // Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. - 2020. - # 8.- S. 37-41.
 
CIVIL LAW
Ananyeva E.O., Ivliev P. V.
Prospects for the development of mass media in modern Russia
The historical and foreign aspects of the formation of the media, and the peculiarities of the development of this institution of civil society in Russia are considered. The importance of the media and its influence on the formation of public opinion is touched upon. Potential trends in the development of the media space in general, and of individual technical means of the element base, on the basis of which the development of the media in the Russian Federation will take place, are considered. The author touches upon the problems associated with the uncontrolled development of the media and the possibility of access to the Internet space for minors who may suffer moral and psychological harm.
Keywords: mass media, information technology, Information society, the Internet, media space,
digital format, sites, satellite television, telecommunication sphere.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 9 maja 2017 g. # 203 «O Strategii razvitija informacionnogo obshhestva v Rossijskoj Federacii na 2017-2030 gody» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15 maja 2017 g. – #20. – St. 2901.
2. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 20.10.2010 # 1815-r «O gosudarstvennoj programme Rossijskoj federacii «Informacionnoe obshhestvo (2011-2020 gody)» //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15 nojabrja 2010 g. – # 46. – St. 6026.
 
CIVIL LAW
Dolgushina L. V., Stupina S. A.,
Current issues of bankruptcy of physical person
The article presents an analysis of the current problems of the institution of bankruptcy of a citizen: partial release from obligations, appeal of rulings on the demand for evidence, bankruptcy of spouses, out-of-court bankruptcy. The authors have formulated their own vision of solving such controversial issues.
Keywords: bankruptcy of a citizen, arbitral procedure, court decision, appealing from decision, bankruptcy of spouses, out-of-court bankruptcy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Vosemnadcatogo arbitrazhnogo apelljacionnogo suda ot 9 avgusta 2017 goda po delu # A76-31236/2016. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://sudact.ru/. (data obrashhenija: 04.02.2021).
2. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo suda Kemerovskoj oblasti ot 21 oktjabrja 2016 goda po delu # A27-3137/2016. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/.(data obrashhenija: 04.02.2021).
3. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo suda Sverdlovskoj oblasti ot 15 ijunja 2017 goda po delu # A60-29861/2017. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/. (data obrashhenija: 04.02.2021).
4. Dubec E.K., Stupina S.A. Opredelenie ob istrebovanii dokazatel'stv v dele o bankrotstve: voprosy obzhalovanija i ispolnenija // Sovremennoe pravo. 2020. # 8.
5. Dubec E.K., Stupina S.A. Osnovanija neosvobozhdenija dolzhnika ot objazatel'stv // Vestnik Sibirskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2020. # 2 (39).
6. Oficial'nyj sajt Sudebnogo Departamenta pri Verhovnom Sude RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 04.02.2021).
7. Strel'cov E.S. Problemy bankrotstva obshhego imushhestva suprugov // Sbornik nauchnyh trudov Vserossijskoj nauchnoj konferencii. Kursk, 2020.
8. Hachatrjan N.F. Vnesudebnoe bankrotstvo // Sovremennye problemy pravotvorchestva i pravoprimenenija. 2020.
 
CIVIL LAW
Ivliev P. V., Koshelyuk B. E.
The concept and legal nature of an escrow account agreement as a way to ensure the fulfillment of obligations
The article analyzes the concept and legal nature of an escrow account agreement. The essence
and main components of an escrow agreement as a way to ensure the fulfillment of obligations are revealed. Some controversial aspects of this treaty are investigated. Persons who are involved in this commitment are considered.
Keywords: escrow account agreement, security for the fulfillment of obligations, bank, beneficiary, depositor, civil law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie odinnadcatogo arbitrazhnogo apelljacionnogo suda ot 21 janvarja 2019 g. po delu # A65-17385/2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://ras.arbitr.ru.
2. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 18.06.2018 # 697 (red. ot 16.05.2019) «Ob utverzhdenii kriteriev (trebovanij), kotorym v sootvetstvii s FZ «Ob uchastii v dolevom stroitel'stve mnogokvartirnyh domov i inyh ob"ektov nedvizhimosti i o vnesenii izmenenij v nekotorye zakonodatel'nye akty RF» dolzhny sootvetstvovat' upolnomochennye banki i banki, kotorye imejut pravo na otkrytie schetov jeskrou dlja raschetov po dogovoram uchastija v dolevom stroitel'stve» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 2018. - # 27. - St. 4066.
3. Belov, V.A Praktika primenenija grazhdanskogo kodeksa / pod red. V. A. Belova. - M.: 2011.
4. Efimova L. G. Dogovor bankovskogo vklada. Grazhdansko-pravovaja teorija strahovanija vkladov. Dogovor bankovskogo scheta. Novye vidy bankovskih schetov po Grazhdanskomu kodeksu RF (Teorija. Zakonodatel'stvo. Praktika): monografija. - M.: Prospekt, 2018.
5. Morgacheva M. E. Pravovye razlichija konstrukcii dogovora jeskrou i ego analogov po pravu Rossii // Vestnik arbitrazhnoj praktiki. - 2015. - # 2. - S. 23.
6. Obshhie uslovija otkrytija i obsluzhivanija bankovskih schetov jeskrou dlja korporativnyh klientov PAO Sberbank dlja raschetov po dogovoram uchastija v dolevom stroitel'stve. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.sberbank.ru/ru/person.
7. Prostova A. A. Osobennosti pravovoj prirody i pravovogo regulirovanija jeskrou soglashenij // Nauka i obrazovanie: hozjajstvo i jekonomika; predprinimatel'stvo; pravo i upravlenie. - 2019. - # 6. - S. 79.
8. Serkova Ju. A. K voprosu o juridicheskoj konstrukcii konsensual'nogo i real'nogo dogovorov // Aktual'nye problemy jekonomiki i prav. - 2013. - # 3. - S. 181.
9. Tokmakov M. A. Uslovnoe deponirovanie (jeskrou) v prave Rossii i SShA: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. - Samara, 2017.
 
CIVIL LAW
Kozhokar I. P.
Legal consequences of the invalidity of an imaginary transaction
Imaginary transactions have long been the subject of civil studies. However, most of them focus on the characterization of the legal nature and features of imaginary transactions. The legal consequences of imaginary transactions, which cannot be called doctrinally defined, remain outside the boundaries of research interest. The lack of proper theoretical elaboration of legal consequences creates many law enforcement problems, forcing the courts to use legal consequences that do not correspond to the essence of the relations that develop between the parties to the imaginary transaction. The purpose of the article is to determine the legal consequences of the invalidity of imaginary transactions, taking into account their legal nature and the fact that the terms of such a transaction are not actually fulfilled by the parties. It is concluded that bilateral restitution cannot be a legal consequence of imaginary transactions. In general, to protect the rights of third parties who are victims of such transactions, it is sufficient to declare such a transaction invalid. The decision on the restoration of public-law registration records should take place outside the boundaries of the civil consequences of the invalidity of transactions. Taking into account the intent and bad faith of all the parties to the alleged transaction at the time of its commission, for them the only legal consequence of such a transaction will be the refusal of judicial protection, including the refusal to recognize it as invalid. A claim for invalidation of an alleged transaction may be filed by any person who has proved that he or she has a legally protected interest in such recognition.
Keywords: imaginary transactions, restitution, legal consequences of the invalidity of transactions, void transactions, disputed transactions, pretended transactions, recognition of the transaction as invalid, ways to protect civil rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bezheckij A. Ju. Nedejstvitel'nost' mnimyh i pritvornyh sdelok: problemy teorii i praktiki:avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2013. – 27 s.
2. Bezheckij A. Ju. Nedejstvitel'nost' sdelki v svete reformirovanija grazhdanskogo zakonodatel'stva:mnimye i pritvornye sdelki i ih juridicheskie posledstvija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2011. – # 3. – S. 129-133.
3. Volkov A. V. Otlichie obhoda zakona ot mnimyh i pritvornyh sdelok // Grazhdanskoe pravo. – 2016. –# 6. – S. 6-10.
4. Grazhdanskoe ulozhenie Germanii: Vvodnyj zakon k Grazhdanskomu ulozheniju. – M.: Infotropik Media, 2015.
5. Zaharova O. E. «Obhod zakona», mnimye i pritvornye sdelki: vzaimosvjaz' i otlichitel'nye osobennosti // Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i sociologii.– 2017. – # 4. – S. 163-166.
6. Kagal'nickova N. V. Mnimye i pritvornye sdelki v reformirovannom GK RF// Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 5: Jurisprudencija. – 2015. – # 2 (27). – S. 96-100.
7. Kozjar N. V. Kategorija nichtozhnoj sdelki v grazhdanskom prave Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2011. – 26 s.
8. Matveev I. V. Pravovaja priroda nedejstvitel'nyh sdelok. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2002. – 176 s.
9. Mochalina T. V. Uklonenie ot pogashenija kreditorskoj zadolzhennosti putem zakljuchenija mnimyh sdelok // Vestnik Juzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Pravo. – 2007. – # 18 (90).– S. 98-100.
10. Rozuvanov D. N. Sdelki s defektom: mnimye i pritvornye // Kursantskie issledovanija: sbornik nauchnyh rabot. – Mogilev: Mogilevskij institut MVD, 2018. – S. 61-63.
11. Rjabcev M. Ju. Juridicheskie posledstvija zakljuchenija mnimyh i pritvornyh sdelok po GK RF // Otechestvennaja jurisprudencija. – 2018. – # 1 (26). – S. 31-33.
12. Semenjuk T. G. Sdelki v obhod zakona i ih otlichie ot mnimyh i pritvornyh sdelok // Colloquium-journal.– 2020. – # 4-7 (56). – S. 78-79.
13. Sergeev A. P., Tereshhenko T. A. Sdelki v obhod zakona vs. pritvornye i mnimye sdelki: otdel'nye voprosy kvalifikacii // Arbitrazhnye spory. –2015. – # 2. – S. 132-140.
14. Holodenko Ju. V. Nedejstvitel'nost' sdelok s porokami voli: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M.,2008. – 35 s.
15. Shuhareva A. V. Problemy opredelenija i dokazyvanija poroka v mnimyh i pritvornyh sdelkah // Juridicheskij fakt. – 2019. – # 66. – S. 22-25.
 
CIVIL LAW
Lashevich A. A.
Implementation of the idea of justice in the norms of legislation on consumer protection
The article analyzes the concepts of foreign and domestic philosophers and jurists devoted to finding out what justice is in its essence. The author attempts to consider this moral and ethical category in the light of the relations that develop between entrepreneurs and consumers. To do this, the article examines the content of justice and its relationship with interest, gives the author’s understanding of justice, and explores the ways of implementing the idea of justice in the norms governing consumer rights.
The methodological basis of the research is based on a systematic approach, as well as methods of analysis and synthesis that allow us to fully investigate the identified problem.
In the course of the research, the author comes to the conclusion that the deviation of the legislator from the principle of legal equality by giving the weak side of the consumer contract additional legal opportunities fully meets the spirit of justice. It is emphasized that the realization of the idea of justice in the context of the legal relations considered in this article is the balance of the multidirectional interests of the subjects of the consumer market achieved by legal means. At the same time, it is noted that legislative norms in general, and the norms of legislation on consumer protection in particular, are a true conductor of the idea of justice only if the public authorities are in a state of permanent search for points of balance of interests of these participants in civil turnover.
Keywords: the idea of justice, legislation on consumer protection, the weak side of the consumer contract, professional counterparty, the principle of legal equality of the parties, economic inequality of subjects, balance of interests.
Work bibliographic list
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2. Antologija mirovoj politicheskoj mysli v 5-ti tomah. T. 1. Zarubezhnaja politicheskaja mysl': istoki i jevoljucija / Otv. red. A.A. Migolat'ev. M.: Mysl', 1997. 830 s.
3. Arakeljan A.Ju. Spravedlivost' v rossijskom grazhdanskom prave. Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03. Krasnodar, 2008. 225 s.
4. Aristotel'. Politika / Per. S.A. Zhebeleva. M.: M. i S. Sabashnikovy, 1911. 466 s.
5. Berzhel' Zhan-Lui. Obshhaja teorija prava. M.: Nota Bene, 2000. 574 s.
6. Vavilin E.V. Principy grazhdanskogo prava. Mehanizm osushhestvlenija i zashhity grazhdanskih prav. Saratov: SGJuA, 2012. 363 s.
7. Vedjahina K.V. Osnovnye nravstvenno-jeticheskie i social'no-politicheskie principy rossijskogo prava. Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.01. Samara, 2001. 255 s.
8. Gulevich O.A. Social'naja psihologija spravedlivosti: biznes, politika, jurisprudencija. M.: Aspekt Press, 2007. 253 s.
9. Gurvich G.D. Filosofija i sociologija prava: Izbrannye sochinenija / Per. M.V. Antonova, L.V. Voroninoj. SPb: Izdat. Dom SPb. gos. un-ta, 2004. 847 s.
10. Denisova L.V. Spravedlivost' kak bazovaja cennost' prava // Ontologija i aksiologija prava: Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii. Omsk, 2003. 240 s.
11. Ershov Ju.L. Princip svobody dogovora i ego rea- lizacija v grazhdanskom prave Rossijskoj Federacii. Dis. …kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03. Ekaterinburg, 2001. 170 s.
12. Zaboev K.I. Pravovye i filosofskie aspekty grazhdansko-pravovogo dogovora. SPb: Jurid. Centr Press, 2003. 276 s.
13. Ivanova S.A. Princip spravedlivosti v grazhdanskom prave Rossii. Dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk: 12.00.01. M., 2006. 415 s.
14. Ismailov N.O. Koncepcija spravedlivosti. M.:CIUMiNL, 2014. 207 s.
15. Kamyshanskij V.P. Predely i ogranichenija prava sobstvennosti. Volgograd: Volgogr. akad. MVD Rossii, 2000. 219 s.
16. Kel'zen G. Chistoe uchenie o prave, spravedlivost' i estestvennoe pravo. SPb.: Alef-press, 2015. 702 s.
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29. Tychinin S.V. Problema balansa interesov v otnoshenijah po zashhite prav potrebitelej // Regional'nye aspekty zashhity prav potrebitelej: materialy nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Belgorod, 2013. 152 s.
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CIVIL LAW
Nurgaleev M. S., Petrov E. N.
Features of the interpretation of the concept of parallel import as a complex political, economic and legal phenomenon
The concept of parallel import implies a regime for the import of goods into the territory of the state that is not agreed with the official manufacturer or supplier, distributor, who have permission from the official manufacturer of the country of origin of the goods. According to Lutkova O. V. and co-authors, “ the legality of parallel imports depends on which doctrine of exhaustion of rights is implemented in the legislation of a particular state: national, regional or international. The Federal Antimonopoly Service of the Russian Federation developed a draft law that proposed to legalize parallel imports. In this article, the authors highlight the features of the interpretation of the concept of parallel import as a complex political, economic and legal phenomenon, and also consider some aspects of the proposed amendments to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: parallel import, import, manufacturer, Federal Antimonopoly Service.
Work bibliographic list
1. Artem'ev I. Pochti vse strany EAJeS soglasny na parallel'nyj import lekarstv i MI // Kommersant".[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://vademec.ru/news/2018/09/25/artemev-vse-strany-eaeskrome-belorussii-soglasny-na-parallelnyy-import-/
2. Zaharchenko (Hvylja-Olinter) N. Jekspert Centra nauchnoj politicheskoj mysli i ideologii, kandidat sociologicheskih nauk. «Parallel'nyj import lekarstv: za ili protiv?» 29.06.2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://rusrand.ru/analytics/
parallelnyj-import-lekarstv-za-ili-protiv.
3. ITAR-TASS, «FAS razrabotala zakonoproekt o legalizacii parallel'nogo importa». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://fas.gov.ru/publications/5037.
4. Koreshkov V. Vopros o nezamedlitel'nom vvedenii parallel'nogo importa LP v ramkah EAJeS ne stoit // Materialy Peterburgskogo mezhdunarodnogo jekonomicheskogo foruma. - 24 maja 2018 goda.
5. Lutkova O. V, Terent'eva L. V., Shahnazarov B. A. Osnovnye problemy ohrany intellektual'noj sobstvennosti v mezhdunarodnom chastnom prave: uchebnoe posobie dlja magistrov. - M.: Prospekt, 2021. - S. 143-144.
6. Nurgaleev M, Petrov E Osobennosti pravovogo regulirovanija parallel'nogo importa lekarstvennyh sredstv v Rossii // Juridicheskaja nauka. - 2019.- # 10. - S. 49-54.
7. Nurgaleev M. Pravovoe javlenie «Parallel'nyj import» na primere lekarstvennyh sredstv // Vestnik Evrazijskoj akademii administrativnyh nauk– Nauchno-teoreticheskij zhurnal. - 2017. - # 3 (40).- S. 53-57.
8. Parallel'nyj import lekarstvennyh sredstv, avtozapchastej. Zakon o parallel'nom importe. Legalizacija parallel'nogo importa v Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://businessman.ru/new-parallelnyj-import-lekarstvennyx-sredstv-avtozapchastej-
zakon-o-parallelnom-importe.html.
9. Proekt Federal'nogo zakona «O vnesenii izmenenij v chast' chetvertuju Grazhdanskogo kodeksa RF».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/law/hotdocs/34855.html.
10. Juridicheskie tonkosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://businessman.ru.
11. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://tass.ru (data obrashhenija: 24.10.2018).
 
CIVIL LAW
Permyakov M. V., Kilin A. G., Bannykh S. G.
Legal bases of state regulation of business activity
In modern Russia, especially in 2020, there has become an acute issue of state regulation of business activity in the Russian Federation, this is justified not only by the fact that it is necessary to control these relations in order to arrange violations, but also in order not to allow this institution of legal relations to disappear, since entrepreneurship is of great importance for the entire economy of the country.
Keywords: business activity, legal regulation, regulatory legal acts, state, market activity, profit-making, bankruptcy, guarantees, management apparatus.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 # 7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 # 11-FKZ). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/ (data obrashhenija:29.09.2020).
2. Arbitrazhnyj processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 24.07.2002 # 95-FZ (red. Ot 08.06.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_37800/ (data obrashhenija: 29.09.2020).
3. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_5142/ (data obrashhenija: 29.09.2020).
4. Grazhdanskij processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14.11.2002 # 138-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_39570/ (data obrashhenija: 29.09.2020).
5. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 24.04.2020) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.06.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34661/ (data obrashhenija: 03.05.2020).
6. Semejnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29.12.1995 N 223-FZ (red. ot 06.02.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_8982/(data obrashhenija: 29.09.2020).
7. Trudovoj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.2001 # 197-FZ (red. ot 24.04.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34683/(data obrashhenija: 03.05.2020).
8. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_10699/ (data obrashhenija:29.09.2020).
9. Balashov A. I., Beljakov V. G. Predprinimatel'skoe pravo dlja jekonomistov. Uchebnik i praktikum. – M.: Jurajt, 2017. - 334 s.
10. Belyh V. S. Pravovoe regulirovanie predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti v Rossii. - M: Prospekt, 2017. - 432 s.
11. Dobrachev D. V. Aktual'nye problemy sudebnoj praktiki v sfere korporativnogo i predprinimatel'skogo prava. - M.: Infotropik Media, 2018. - 92 s.
12. Ershova I. V., Aganina R. N., Kozina E. A. Predprinimatel'skoe pravo. Pravovoe soprovozhdenie biznesa. Uchebnik dlja magistrov. - M.: Prospekt, 2020. - 848 s.
13. Korjakin V. M. Predprinimatel'skoe pravo v shemah. Uchebnoe posobie. - M.: Prospekt, 2019. - 160 s.
14. Morozov G. B. Pravovoe regulirovanie predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti. Uchebnoe posobie dlja akademicheskogo bakalavriata. - M: Jurajt, 2017. -420 s.
15. Popondopulo V. F., Barinov A. M., Bushev A. Ju.Kommercheskoe (predprinimatel'skoe) pravo. Uchebnik. V 2-h tomah. Tom 1 / pod red. Popondopulo V. F. - M.: Prospekt, 2020. - 608 s.
16. Ruchkina G. F., Vasil'eva O. N., Dahnenko S. S. Predprinimatel'skoe pravo. Kratkij kurs. Uchebnoe posobie / pod red. Ruchkinoj G. F. - M.:KnoRus, 2019. - 144 s.
17. Shablova E. A., Aktual'nye problemy grazhdanskogo i predprinimatel'skogo prava. Uchebnoe posobie dlja bakalavriata i magistratury. - M.: Jurajt, 2017. - 94 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Sheremetjeva N. V., Melnikov A. D.
Grounds and conditions for requesting evidence in arbitration proceedings
This article discusses the issue of evidence as an integral part of any legal proceedings, where arbitration is no exception. The questions of the problems of obtaining evidence are touched upon. On the basis of scientific literature with the substantiation of judicial practice, the author comes to the conclusion that there is no consensus among law enforcement officers regarding the possibility of demanding evidence in arbitration from opponents in the case under consideration.
Keywords: evidence, reclamation, arbitration, legal proceedings.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arbitrazhnyj processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 24.07.2002 g. # 95-FZ (v red. Ot 08.12.2020g.) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2002. – # 30. – St. 3012.
2. Federal'nyj zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27.07.2006g. # 152-FZ «O personal'nyh dannyh» (v red. ot 30.12.2020g.) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2006. – # 31 (chast' I). – St.3451.
3. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 04.04.2014g. #23 «O nekotoryh voprosah praktiki primenenija Arbitrazhnymi sudami zakonodatel'stva ob jekspertize» // Vestnik VAS RF. – 2014. – # 6.
4. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo Suda Kostromskoj oblasti ot 20.03.2020 po delu # A31-15215/2019.
5. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo Suda Samarskoj oblasti ot 12.03.2020 po delu # A55-35223/2019.
6. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo Suda Respubliki Komi ot 17.02.2020 po delu # A29-16738/2019.
7. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo Suda Rostovskoj oblasti ot 28.11.2019 po delu # A53-12538/2019.
8. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo Suda Sverdlovskoj oblasti ot 13.03.2020 po delu # A60-55087/2019.
9. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo Suda Krasnodarskogo kraja ot 14.03.2020 po delu # A32-38339/2019.
10. Postanovlenie Arbitrazhnogo Suda Respubliki Karelija ot 25.02.2020 po delu # A26-2448/2019.
11. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo Suda Primorskogo kraja ot 06.02.2020 po delu # A51-23156/2019.
12. Postanovlenie devjatogo Arbitrazhnogo apelljacionnogo Suda ot 01.08.2019 po delu # A40-42578/2017.
13. Kalashnikov S.S., Vasilenko E.O., Sheremet'eva N.V. Nepoimenovannost' dokazatel'stv v arbitrazhnom processe // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2020. – # 11 (150). – S. 391-393.
14. Mordovcev A.Ju., Sheremet'eva N.V. Realizacija principa spravedlivosti pri ispolnenii vstupivshego v zakonnuju silu sudebnogo akta // Jekonomicheskoe pravosudie v Ural'skom okruge. – 2019. –# 4 (52). – S. 132-143.
 
CIVIL LAW
Grechenkovа K. A.
Codification as a form of law-making and as a form of systematization of legislation
The article considers the issue of codification as a form of law-making and as a form of systematization of legislation. The combination of ordering previously established legal regulations and the possibility of introducing new ones allows us to consider codification as the
most perfect, highest form of lawmaking, which has an official character, which ends with the adoption of a legislative act. The author supports the ideal of legal theorists of legislation, which is seen in the existence of codified acts, consolidated into a single set of laws as a “code of codes”. The importance of codification and the role of codes in the system of Russian legislation suggests the need for a more detailed study.
Keywords: codification, normative act, legislation, law, systematization, code, charter.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 30.12.2020). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_10699/ (data obrashhenija: 30.01.2021).
2. Grechenkova K. A. Problema razgranichenija podarka i melkoj vzjatki na gosudarstvennoj sluzhbe // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2017. – # 1 (104).– S. 232-234.
3. Korkunov N. M. Lekcii po obshhej teorii prava. –SPb., 1893.
4. Pigolkin A. S. Zakonotvorchestvo v Rossijskoj Federacii. – M., 2000.
5. Chuhvichev D. V. Kodifikacionnye akty, ih specifika i znachenie v sisteme prava // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2009. – # 8. – S. 7.
 
CIVIL LAW
Mysak N. Ya.
The concept and criteria of insolvency (bankruptcy) of individuals in Russian law and law of foreign countries
The institution of insolvency (bankruptcy) in Russian law applied to individuals only after 2015 with the adoption of Federal Law No. 154-FZ of June 29, 2015. The key to the effective functioning of any legal norm and its uniform enforcement is a clear consolidation of the terminology, as well as the criteria and signs of a legal phenomenon. Despite the fact that the institution of consumer bankruptcy is relatively new for the domestic legal system, in world practice it has existed for a long time. In this regard, it seems that the study of the concept and criteria of insolvency (bankruptcy) of individuals in the law of foreign countries (on the example of Germany and Great Britain), as well as their comparative analysis with those enshrined in Russian law, will help to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the current domestic legal regulation.
Keywords: insolvency (bankruptcy), citizens, insolvency (bankruptcy) of individuals, bankruptcy criteria, signs of bankruptcy, nonpayment, inability to pay, debtor, creditor, obligations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belyh V. S. Ponjatie, kriterii i priznaki nesostojatel'nosti grazhdan // Sbornik dokladov kruglogo stola na temu: «Bankrotstvo fizicheskih lic: problemnye voprosy». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ekaterinburg.arbitr.ru/files/pdf/Mater_bankrot_2017.pdf (data obrashhenija: 09.08.2020).
2. Vitrjanskij V. V. Puti sovershenstvovanija zakonodatel'stva o bankrotstve // Vestnik VAS RF. - 2001.- # 3.
3. Karelina S. A. Mehanizm pravovogo regulirovanija otnoshenij nesostojatel'nosti. - M.: Volters Kluver, 2008.
4. Poceluev E. L., Chistjakov P. D. Osnovanija nesostojatel'nosti po zakonodatel'stvu Federativnoj Respubliki Germanija // Nauka. Obshhestvo. Gosudarstvo. - 2018. - #2 (22).
5. Teljukina M. V. Osobennosti novogo zakonodatel'stva o nesostojatel'nosti (bankrotstve) // Zakonodatel'stvo. - 2004. - # 5.
6. Himichev V. A. Pravovoe polozhenie uchastnikov dolzhnika v dele o bankrotstve // Vestnik VAS RF.- 2014. - # 3.
7. Shershenevich G. F. Konkursnyj process: monografija. - M.: Statut, 2000.
8. Shishmareva T. P. Institut nesostojatel'nosti v Rossii i Germanii: monografija. - M.: Statut, 2015.
 
CIVIL LAW
Nosyrev N. A.
Responsibility of information intermediary for violations in distribution of compositions in the Internet
In this article, the question of responsibility of information intermediaries for the violations of intellectual property right during the distribution of compositions in the Internet is studied. This question is relevant in the current condition of Russian Federation’s legislation about copyright protection, which is not taking all the aspects of functioning of the relationship between entities in the Internet into account, as well as the high level of globalization of the relationships mentioned above. The current legal regulation in the area of copyright in Russian Federation and foreign law, as well as possible perspectives of its development are examined. The necessity of
changes in Russian legal system in this area, which will be able to adapt the relevant tendencies of copyright protection in the Internet without violating the rights of entities using the compositions freely within the law, is revealed.
Keywords: copyright law, Internet, intellectual property, Russian law, foreign law, information intermediary.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vjazovskaja T.N. Problemy zashhity iskljuchitel'nyh avtorskih prav v seti Internet v Rossijskoj Federacii. – Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Sovremennaja nauchnaja mysl'. – 2015. – #. 2. – S. 161-170.
2. Gorlenko S. A. i dr. Kommentarij k Grazhdanskomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (chasti chetvertoj): v 2 t. (postatejnyj). – M.: Infra-M, 2016.
3. Davydov R.H. Problemy kompensacii moral'nogo vreda pri narushenii prav na izobrazhenie v seti Internet. – Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Skif. – 2018.– # 1 (17). – S. 136-139.
4. Mardieva Je.R., Jahina R.R. Grazhdansko-pravovaja otvetstvennost' za nezakonnoe ispol'zovanie rezul'tatov intellektual'noj sobstvennosti v internet-prostranstve // Nauchno-metodicheskij jelektronnyj zhurnal «Koncept». – 2018. – # 8. – S. 159. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://e-kon-cept.ru/2018/183038.htm. (data obrashhenija: 15.12.2020).
5. Protokol # 16 zasedanija Nauchno-konsul'tativnogo soveta pri Sude po intellektual'nym pravam ot 28.04.2017. - Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus». VersijaProf. - [M., 2018].
6. Juhno Ju.A., Surnik A.P. Narushenie avtorskih prav v seti Internet // Aktual'nye problemy aviacii i kosmonavtiki. – # 10. – Tom 2. – Krasnojarsk.– 2014. – S. 51-52.
 
CIVIL LAW
Sayfutdinov A. R.
The concept of civil liability of harm caused by the State to business entities
This article is devoted to the issues of the definition of civil liability of harm caused by the state to business entities. The author, on the basis of general theoretical scientific achievements, considers such legal categories as legal and civil liability. In the future, the author’s definition of the concept of civil liability of harm caused by state authorities and their persons to business entities is proposed. The work also addresses issues related to the peculiarity and specificity of civil liability of the state. It is concluded that the civil liability of the State for harm caused to business entities is a sub-institution of the civil liability of the State.
Keywords: entrepreneurial activity, civil liability of the State, especially civil liability of the State.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vitruk N. V. Obshhaja teorija juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti: Monografija. - M.: Izd-vo RAP, 2008.
2. Grazhdanskoe pravo. Obshhaja chast': V 4 t. / Pod red. E.A. Suhanova. - 2008. - T. 1.
3. Gribanov V. P. Osushhestvlenie i zashhita grazhdanskih prav. - M., 2004.
4. Ivanova O. M. Osnovanija, celi i zadachi juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Tambov, 2009.
5. Ioffe O. S, Shargorodskij M. D. Voprosy teorii prava. - M., 1961.
6. Krasavchikov O. A. Grazhdansko-pravovaja otvetstvennost'. V kn.: Sovetskoe grazhdanskoe pravo / Pod red. O. A. Krasavchikova. - M., 1985.
7. Obshhaja teorija gosudarstva i prava / Pod red. prof. M. N. Marchenko. - Tom 2.
 
CIVIL PROCESS
Gabazov T. S., Idrisov H. V.
Separate conflict problems of ancipal judicial decision
The article examines the problems arising in law enforcement practice associated with one of the stages of civil proceedings – the execution of a court decision in absentia.
Collisions arising at the stage of the execution of a court decision in absentia, and the negative consequences associated with this fact, are characterized not only by the violation of the rights and legitimate interests of the plaintiff, but also mediate a decrease in the image of the judicial system, and state institutions in general due to the presence of this negative phenomenon. The decision in absentia is not a novelty of civil proceedings, however, despite this, its detailed study reveals the presence of «dark spots» that force the law enforcement officer to look for effective ways to exclude them, which would not contradict the norms of other branches of law: executive,
labor and some others.
The article provides the norms of the current civil procedure legislation governing the institution of extramural proceedings, examples of cases from current judicial practice. In addition, the study, along with the legal one, provides an etymological analysis of the phenomenon of collision.
In the conclusion of the article, it is emphasized that legal collisions have a negative effect on the effectiveness of legal regulation, the state of law and order. They contradict the existing legal institutions, come into conflict with the legal system and, thereby, hinder the development of the state. Along with the indicated negative aspects, the authors of the article analyze the existing «recipes» for eliminating collisions and propose new ways to overcome them.
Keywords: decision in absentia, enforcement proceedings, conflict, legal conflict, personal data.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alenina I.V. Kollizii v trudovom prave: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. Tomsk, 2000. 206 s.
2. Bugaldaj D.A. Zaochnoe reshenie: istorija i sovremennost' // Alleja nauki. 2018. T. 2. # 5 (21). S. 787-791.
3. Bulygin R.V. Aktual'nye problemy zaochnogo proizvodstva v grazhdanskom processe // Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process. 2011. # 4. S. 16-18.
4. Grazhdanskij process (grazhdanskoe processual'noe pravo) Rossii: uchebnik / otv. red. A.A. Mohov. M.:OOO «Juridicheskaja firma kontrakt», 2017. 382 s.
5. Kotljarova V. S.Aktual'nye problemy zaochnogo sudoproizvodstva i puti ih reshenija // Nauka i obrazovanie: sohranjaja proshloe, sozdaem budushhee (sbornik statej XXI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii). Penza, 2019. S. 212-216.
6. Lapaev I.S., Zobnina A.A. Institut zaochnogo proizvodstva v grazhdanskom processe // Nauka. Obshhestvo. Gosudarstvo. 2016. T. 4. # 2 (14). S. 95-102.
7. Rossijskaja juridicheskaja jenciklopedija. M.: Izdatel'skij Dom «INFRA-M», 1999. 1110 s.
8. Tihomirov Ju.A. Kollizionnoe pravo: uchebnoe i nauchno-prakticheskoe posobie. M., 2000. 393 s.
9. Tihomirova L.V., Tihomirov M.Ju. Juridicheskaja jenciklopedija. Izdanie 5-e, dopolnennoe i pererabotannoe / pod red. M.Ju. Tihomirova. M., 2001. 971 s.
10. Tomashevskij K.L. Ocherki trudovogo prava. Istorija, filosofija, problemy sistem i istochnikov /red. O.S. Kuryleva. Minsk, 2009. 335 s.
11. Shesterjakova I.V. Mezhdunarodnye trudovye normy i trudovoe pravo Rossii: ih sootnoshenie i kollizii: avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. M., 2011. 50 s.
12. Juridicheskij jenciklopedicheskij slovar' / red. O.E. Kutafin. M.: Bol'shaja Rossijskaja jenciklopedija. 2002. 558 s.
 
CIVIL PROCESS
Shevchenko G. V., Bogatyreva A. T.
Influence of the legal positions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on the development of the procedural principle of adversarial parties
Based on the analysis of a number of decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation and based on the essence and functional purpose of this body in the work, certain problematic aspects and possibilities for developing the principle of adversarial parties in civil proceedings are investigated. Separate conclusions of an evaluation nature were made, reflecting
the authors’ subjective point of view regarding the construction by the highest judicial body of
constitutional control of a strategic line to strengthen its legal positions on the unconditional development of the civilistic principle of adversarial in judicial proceedings.
Keywords: Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, principle of adversarial parties, legal positions, civil proceedings.
Work bibliographic list
1. Branovickij, K.L. Informacionnye tehnologii v grazhdanskom processe Germanii (sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz). M., 2010. 208 s.
2. Voronov A.F. Principy grazhdanskogo processa: proshloe, nastojashhee, budushhee. M.: Gorodec, 2009. 496 s.
3. Neshataeva T.N. Uroki sudebnoj praktiki o pravah cheloveka: evropejskij i rossijskij opyt. M., 2007. 320 s.
4. Osokina G.N. Grazhdanskij process. Obshhaja chast'. M.,2003. 669 s.
5. Fokina, M.A. Razvitie Konstitucionnym Sudom RF principa sostjazatel'nosti v grazhdanskom i arbitrazhnom processe, administrativnom sudoproizvodstve (K 25-letiju Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.sovremennoepravo.ru/m/articles/view (data obrashhenija:02.12.2020).
6. Sherstjuk V.M. Proizvodstvo v arbitrazhnom sude pervoj instancii. M., 2011. 378 s.
 
CIVIL PROCESS
Khasanshina F. G., Khasanshin I. A., Khasanshin R. I.
Peculiarities of consideration of claims to collect funds from state and budgetary institutions in Arbitration Court in the procedure of simplified proceedings
The article is devoted to the peculiarities of considering claims for the recovery of funds under contractual obligations of state and budgetary institutions. Based on the analysis of the regulations governing the legal status of state and budgetary institutions, an answer was given about the possibility of considering a claim against them for the recovery of funds in the manner of simplified proceedings.
Keywords: arbitration process, simplified dispute resolution procedure, budget legislation, execution of judicial acts.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 05.12.1994. – # 30. –St. 3301.
2. Arbitrazhnyj processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 24.07.2002 # 95-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 29.07.2002. – # 30. – St.3012.
3. Bjudzhetnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 31 ijulja 1998 g. # 145-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 3 avgusta 1998 g. # 31 st.3823.
4. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 28 maja 2019 g. # 13 «O nekotoryh voprosah primenenija sudami norm Bjudzhetnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii, svjazannyh s ispolneniem sudebnyh aktov po obrashheniju vzyskanija na sredstva bjudzhetov bjudzhetnoj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii» //SPS «Garant».
5. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii # 1 (2020) (utv. Prezidiumom Verhovnogo Suda RF 10 ijunja 2020 g.) // SPS «Garant».
6. Afanas'ev S. F., Ermakov A. N. O nekotoryh processual'nyh novellah i ih voploshhenii v civilisticheskih processual'nyh kodeksah (na primere GPK, APK i KAS Rossii) // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. – 2016. – # 9. – S. 7-12.
 
LAND LAW
Vlasov V. A., Tolstikov V. A., Mashinistova D. A.
Certain aspects of the development of the legal model of criminal liability for committing crimes in the field of land relations
The article examines the issues of possible isolation of the categories of «crimes in the sphere of land relations», «land crimes», «crimes related to land relations», establishes their content and proposes a classification associated with them. It is argued that crimes in the field of land relations are a generic category in relation to its types: land crimes and crimes related to land legal relations. A position is formulated on the basis of which, the basis for the classification of crimes in the field of land relations is the land in the corresponding legal aspect of understanding.
Keywords: land, crimes in the field of land relations, land crimes, crimes related to land relations, criminal liability in the field of land relations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bogoljubov S. A. Zemel'noe pravo: uchebnik dlja vuzov / 8-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2020. – 255 s.
2. Vlasov V. A., Teslenko A. A., Tolstikov V. A. Ugolovno-pravovaja otvetstvennost' za sovershenie prestuplenij v oblasti ohrany i ispol'zovanija zemel':otdel'nye aktual'nye aspekty // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. – 2019. – # 12 (180). – S. 6-8.
3. Vlasov V. A., Tolstikov V. A., Sigaeva N. O. Nekotorye problemnye aspekty realizacii administrativno-pravovoj i ugolovno-pravovoj otvetstvennosti za zagrjaznenie vod // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 11 (150). – S. 210-212.
4. Vlasov V. A., Sigaeva N. O., Tolstikov V. A. Nekotorye aktual'nye problemy pravoprimenenija i voprosy sovershenstvovanija ugolovno-pravovoj otvetstvennosti za zagrjaznenie vod (st. 250 UK RF) // Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. – 2020. – # 2 (182). – S. 39-41.
5. Gracheva O. S. Osobennosti juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti za zemel'nye pravonarushenija: uchebnoe posobie /pod red. O. S. Grachevoj. – M.: RUSAJNS, 2019. – 48 s.
6. Erofeev B. V. Zemel'noe pravo Rossii: uchebnik dlja vuzov / pod nauchnoj redakciej L. B. Bratkovskoj. 16-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2020. – 537 s.
7. Zemel'noe pravo: uchebnik / pod red. S. A. Bogoljubova. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Prospekt, 2017.– 376 s.
8. Kozlov A. P. Avtorskij kurs ugolovnogo prava. Chast' Obshhaja. Kn. 1. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2018. – 752 s.
9. Tolstikov V. A., Mashinistova D. A. O vozmozhnosti vydelenija kategorii «prestuplenija, sovershennye organizovannoj gruppoj v sfere zemel'nyh otnoshenij» v doktrine otechestvennogo ugolovnogo prava // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. –2020. –# 10. –S. 439-457
 
LAND LAW
Vlasov V. A., Tolstikov V.A., Mashinistova D. A.
Administrative responsibility for committing land offenses: certain issues of classification
The article proposes a classification of offenses in the field of land relations, associated with them, formulates the content of such offenses, and their types: land offenses (in the narrow sense) and offenses related to land legal relations. It is argued that offenses in the field of land relations are a generic category in relation to its types: land offenses (in the narrow sense) and offenses related to land legal relations. A position is formulated on the basis of which the basis for the classification of offenses in the field of land relations is the land in the relevant legal aspect of understanding.
Keywords: land, offenses in the field of land relations, land offenses, offenses related to land relations, administrative responsibility in the field of land relations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zakon Ivanovskoj oblasti ot 24 aprelja 2008 goda # 11-OZ «Ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah v Ivanovskoj oblasti» (prinjat Ivanovskoj oblastnoj Dumoj 24 aprelja 2008 goda) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Ivanovskoj oblasti. – 2008. – # 18 (388).
2. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 15.06.2006 # 14 «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o prestuplenijah, svjazannyh s narkoticheskimi sredstvami, psihotropnymi, sil'nodejstvujushhimi i jadovitymi veshhestvami» (v red. ot 16 maja 2017 goda)// Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2006. – 28 ijunja.
3. Postanovlenie po delu ob administrativnom pravonarushenii # 5-46/2018 ot 02 aprelja 2018 g. mirovogo sud'i Sudebnogo uchastka # 1 Zernogradskogo sudebnogo rajona Rostovskoj oblasti. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://bsr.sudrf.ru(data obrashhenija: 07.11.2020).
4. Reshenie po grazhdanskomu delu # 2-2550/2019 ot 12 ijulja 2019 g. Leninskogo rajonnogo suda g. Ul'janovska. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://sudact.ru (data obrashhenija: 18.01.2021).
5. Vlasov V. A., Baranova N. S. Otdel'nye aspekty optimizacii juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti v sfere zemel'nyh pravootnoshenij // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. – 2020. – # 4 (184). – S. 21-24.
6. Vlasov V. A., Tolstikov V. A., Sigaeva N. O. Nekotorye problemnye aspekty realizacii administrativno-pravovoj i ugolovno-pravovoj otvetstvennosti za zagrjaznenie vod // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 11 (150). – S. 210-212.
7. Erofeev B. V. Zemel'noe pravo Rossii: uchebnik dlja vuzov. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2020. – 537 s.
 
TAX LAW
Petrov R. V., Azarkhin A. V.
Improving tax benefits in the Russian Federation through monitoring their efficiency
In the article, the author examines the current problem of the effectiveness of tax incentives in the Russian Federation. Currently, the provision of tax benefits in the Russian Federation is due to the need to stimulate taxpayers both at the economic and social levels. In this regard, the need to assess the economic effect of the establishment of tax incentives is obvious. For this, the author notes, it is necessary to develop a system for monitoring tax benefits in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: tax incentives, taxation, monitoring, efficiency assessment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anufrieva E. M. Teoreticheskie aspekty nalogovogo l'gotirovanija // Izvestija Penzenskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. V. G.Belinskogo. – 2017. – Vyp. 28. – S. 193.
2. Dandanjan D. A. Nalogovye l'goty kak forma gosudarstvennoj podderzhki // Vestnik Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. A. S. Pushkina.– 2017. – Vyp. 2. – T. 6. – S. 21.
3. Koliev L. V. Realizacija funkcij nalogov posredstvom ispol'zovanija nalogovyh l'got, predostavljaemyh gosudarstvom // Gosudarstvennoe administrirovanie i gosudarstvennaja sluzhba: vchera, segodnja, zavtra v uslovijah jelektronnogo pravitel'stva i cifrovoj jekonomiki. Sbornik nauchnyh statej. Pod obshhej redakciej V. L. Makarova, red. angl. jaz. E. V. Nesterenko. – M., 2019. – S. 74-80.
4. Lajchenkova N. N. K voprosu o roli nalogovogo zakonodatel'stva v processe postroenija innovacionnoj jekonomiki: osnovnye puti sovershenstvovanija// Leningradskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2015. –# 2 (40). – S. 216–223.
5. Lipatova I. V. K voprosu o nalogovyh l'gotah i preferencijah kak o nalogovyh rashodah bjudzheta // Nauchnyj al'manah. – 2016. – # 7-1 (21). – S. 23-24.
6. Morozova I. S. Tendencii sovershenstvovanija l'got v sovremennom rossijskom zakonodatel'stve// Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2016. – # 2. – S. 80-82.
7. Ocenka jeffektivnosti nalogovyh l'got: monografija / pod red. L. I. Goncharenko, M. R. Pinskoj. – M.:RUSAJNS, 2017. – 561 s.

FINANCIAL LAW
Bulaev M. A., Arslanbekova A. S.
Prospects for the development of organizational and legal regulation of the national payment system of the Russian Federation
The article examines the concept of the national payment system of the state. The author analyzes the features of the development and legal regulation of the national payment system, as
well as approaches to the sustainable development of the national payment system, which should
become an effective tool for the development of the national payment system in the digital economy.
The problems of legal regulation of the current and future development of the national payment
system are considered and ways to improve the efficiency of the national payment card system are proposed.
Keywords: non-cash payments, cash, national payment system, payment card, legal regulation, economic security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.06.2011 g. # 161-FZ «O nacional'noj platezhnoj sisteme» (red. ot 22.12.2020g.) // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 30.06.2011. – # 139.
2. Adzhieva A. Ju., Vakulenko A. A. Platezhnaja sistema rossijskoj federacii na sovremennom jetape //Vektor jekonomiki. – 2020. – # 11 (53). – S. 46-48.
3. Varvus S. A., Buevich A. P. Analiz vlijanija platezhnoj infrastruktury na jeffektivnost' funkcionirovanija nacional'noj platezhnoj sistemy //Jekonomicheskij analiz: teorija i praktika. – 2020.– T. 19. # 11 (506). – S. 2136-2153.
4. Gasseeva V. I. Jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' bankovskoj sistemy Rossii // Industrial'naja jekonomika.– 2020. – # 3. – S. 22-26.
5. Denisov I. S., Gachina A. A. Nacional'naja sistema platezhnyh kart kak osnova jekonomicheskogo suvereniteta // Jekonomika. Pravo. Obshhestvo. – 2020. – T. 5.# 2 (22). – S. 46-55.
6. Oficial'nyj sajt AO «Nacional'naja sistema platezhnyh kart». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mironline.ru/ (data obrashhenija:12.01.2021).
7. Panaedov I. G. Vlijanie sovremennogo zakonodatel'stva na perspektivy razvitija nacional'nyh platezhnyh instrumentov v Rossijskoj Federacii // V sbornike: pravovoj nigilizm v sovremennom obshhestve: prichiny, projavlenie i sposoby preodolenija. Sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – Ufa, 2020. – S. 61-65.
8. Strategija razvitija NSPK. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.con-sultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_143984/ (data obrashhenija:14.01.2021).
9. Ulanova E. S., Popkov S. Ju. Principy i strategija kak instrumenty ustojchivogo razvitija nacional'noj platezhnoj sistemy // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. – 2020. – T. 16. # 5. – S. 96-100.
10. Fjodorova N. Ju. Sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija nacional'noj platezhnoj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii // V sbornike: Ganza: delovoe sotrudnichestvo kak resurs ustojchivogo jekonomicheskogo razvitija. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii. – Pskov, 2020. – S. 76-83.
11. Shumihina A. S. Nacional'naja platezhnaja sistema Rossijskoj Federacii: ponjatie, osobennosti funkcionirovanija // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2020. – #48 (338). – S. 383-386.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Ivanova S. V., Azarkhin A. V.
Experience and problems of audit activity development in the Russian Federation
In the article, the authors describe the experience of audit activity in the Russian Federation:they reveal the concept of audit activity, determine the civil status and the regulatory framework governing audit activity. At the same time, the authors focus on the actual problems of audit activity that have emerged at the present stage, predicting ways to solve them.
Keywords: audit activity, audit, regulatory framework of audit activity, methodological support
of audit activity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/
2. Kodeks jetiki auditorov Rossii (odobren Sovetom po auditorskoj dejatel'nosti pri Minfine RF (protokol # 56 ot 31 maja 2007 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/12054219/.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 30 dekabrja 2008 g. # 307-FZ «Ob auditorskoj dejatel'nosti» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_83311/.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 06.12.2011 # 402-FZ (red. Ot 26.07.2019) «O buhgalterskom uchete» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.01.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://demo.consultant.ru/cgi/online.cgi?rnd.
5. Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ivo.garant.ru/#/document/.
6. Dadashev A. Z., Chernik D. G. Finansovaja sistema Rossii: uchebnoe posobie. — M.: INFRA-M, 1997. — 248 s.
7. Mal'cev A. S. Sovershenstvovanie metodicheskogo instrumentarija auditorskih proverok / avtoreferat kandidata jekonom. nauk. – M., 2015. – 26 s.
8. Pacurkovskij P. C. Pravovye osnovy finansovoj dejatel'nosti gosudarstva: problemy metodologii.— Chernovcy: ChGU, 1997. — 244 s.
9. Jalbulganov A. A. Finansovyj kontrol' kak institut finansovogo prava // Jurist. — 1999. — # 4. — S. 43-50.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Kartashov A. V.
To the question about support measures of individual participants of the financial market in the conditions of the coronavirus pandemic
To the question about support measures of individual participants of the financial market in the conditions of the coronavirus pandemic. The author in the presented work characterizes the measures to support the financial market during the coronavirus pandemic.
Analysis of measures to support financial organizations allows the author to conclude that their focus is due to the desire to ensure the maintenance of financial stability of the financial market. It is noted that changing the approach to regulation during a pandemic makes it possible to take into account the risks, the prevention of which was not taken into account in the framework of the current financial legislation. The paper draws conclusions about the transition to the use of remote checks by the Bank of Russia, except for cases of gross violation of the basic requirements for the activities of financial organizations.
Keywords: financial market, financial stability, financial institution, credit institution, non-bank financial institution, measures to support the financial market, supervision of the financial market.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 25.03.2020 # 206 «Ob ob"javlenii v Rossijskoj Federacii nerabochih dnej» //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 30.03.2020. - # 13.- St. 1898.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 02.04.2020 # 239 «O merah po obespecheniju sanitarno-jepidemiologicheskogo blagopoluchija naselenija na territorii Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s rasprostraneniem novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii (COVID-19) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 06.04.2020. - # 14 (chast' I). - St. 2082.
3. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 11.05.2020 # 316 «Ob opredelenii porjadka prodlenija dejstvija mer po obespecheniju sanitarno-jepidemiologicheskogo blagopoluchija naselenija v sub"ektah Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s rasprostraneniem novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii (COVID-19)» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 18.05.2020. - # 20. - St. 3157.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 02.12.1990 # 395-1 «O bankah i bankovskoj dejatel'nosti» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 05.02.1996. - # 6. - St. 492.
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 10.07.2002 # 86-FZ «O Central'nom banke Rossijskoj Federacii (Banke Rossii)» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 15.07.2002.- # 28. - St. 2790.
6. Federal'nyj zakon ot 03.04.2020 # 106-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon «O Central'nom banke Rossijskoj Federacii (Banke Rossii)»i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii v chasti osobennostej izmenenija uslovij kreditnogo dogovora, dogovora zajma» (st. 6) //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 06.04.2020. - # 14(chast' I). - St. 2036.
7. Informacionnoe pis'mo Banka Rossii ot 27.03.2020 # IN-03-41-3/37 (s izm. ot 10.04.2020) «O neprimenenii mer k kreditnym organizacijam».
8. Ukazanie Banka Rossii ot 8 oktjabrja 2018 goda #4927-U «O perechne, formah i porjadke sostavlenija i predstavlenija form otchetnosti kreditnyh organizacij v Central'nyj bank Rossijskoj Federacii», v sluchae predstavlenija ispravlennoj otchetnosti v porjadke, predusmotrennom Ukazaniem Banka Rossii ot 16 ijulja 2012 goda # 2851-U «O pravilah sostavlenija i predstavlenija otchetnosti kreditnymi organizacijami v Central'nyj bank Rossijskoj Federacii» // Vestnik Banka Rossii. - # 7 – 8. -01.02.2019.
9. Instrukcija Banka Rossii ot 18.12.2018 # 195-I «O porjadke organizacii i provedenija Bankom Rossii kontrol'nogo meroprijatija v otnoshenii kreditnyh organizacij i nekreditnyh finansovyh organizacij, porjadke napravlenija kopii akta o provedenii kontrol'nogo meroprijatija v kreditnuju organizaciju, nekreditnuju finansovuju organizaciju, v otnoshenii kotoryh provodilos' kontrol'noe meroprijatie» // Vestnik Banka Rossii. - # 10.- 13.02.2019.
10. Instrukcija Banka Rossii ot 15.01.2020 # 202-I «O porjadke provedenija Bankom Rossii proverok podnadzornyh lic» // Vestnik Banka Rossii. - # 32. -14.05.2020.
11. Informacionnoe pis'mo Banka Rossii ot 20.03.2020 # IN-014-56/17 «O merah po obespecheniju kiberustojchivosti i informacionnoj bezopasnosti v uslovijah rasprostranenija novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii (COVID-19)». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://cbr.ru/vfs/finstab/plan_limit_covid.pdf.
12. Informacionnoe pis'mo Banka Rossii ot 27.03.2020 # IN-03-35/31 «O neprimenenii mer v svjazi s koronavirusnoj infekciej (COVID-19)».
13. Pis'mo Minpromtorga Rossii ot 01.04.2020 # EV-22775/17.
14. Informacija Banka Rossii ot 03.04.2020 «O rabote finansovyh organizacij i obespechenii nepreryvnosti v finansovom sektore Bankom Rossii v period s 4 po 30 aprelja 2020 goda»; sm. takzhe Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 11.05.2020 # 316 «Ob opredelenii
porjadka prodlenija dejstvija mer po obespecheniju sanitarno-jepidemiologicheskogo blagopoluchija naselenija v sub"ektah Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s rasprostraneniem novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii (COVID-19)» // Rossijskaja gazeta. - # 100.- 13.05.2020.
15. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 16.10.2020 #1698 «O vnesenii izmenenij v perechen' otraslej rossijskoj jekonomiki, v naibol'shej stepeni postradavshih v uslovijah uhudshenija situacii v rezul'tate rasprostranenija novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii» // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001202010190002.
16. Gabov A. V. Nepreodolimaja sila, koronavirus i reshenija organov vlasti, napravlennye na predotvrashhenie ego rasprostranenija // Zakon. - 2020. - #5. - S. 152 - 171.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Korobova A. P., Karev D. A.
On the question of the organization of financial activities, as subjects of the state’s financial and legal policy
The article deals with the problem of the formation of the financial and legal policy of the Russian state. The idea is defended that the range of subjects of financial and legal policy is quite
wide, but the most significant contribution to the implementation of legal ideas of a strategic nature concerning the regulation of the financial sphere is made by the state bodies that carry out financial activities on its behalf. It is they who have special opportunities to implement the financial and legal strategy. The general characteristics of the system of state bodies that implement financial and legal policy and carry out financial activities are given, their classification and analysis of competence are carried out.
Keywords: state bodies, the state, financial activity, financial function, financial and legal policy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 1 ijulja 2020 goda) // Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2020.- 4 ijulja.
2. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 ijunja 2004 g. # 3292 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - 2004. - # 31. - St.3258.
3. Karasjova M. V. Finansovoe pravootnoshenie. - M.,2001.
4. Finansovoe pravo: uchebnik / Pod red. S. V. Zapol'skogo. - M., 2006.
5. Hudjakov A. I. Osnovy teorii finansovogo prava. -Almaty, 1995.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Yakimenko K. S., Arkhireeva A. S., Ochakovsky V. A.
Audit secrecy: the legal regime
In the article, the author considers the regulatory regulation of audit secrecy as an integral element of audit activity. The analysis of the current legislation is carried out. It is concluded that the audit secret is understood as the set of information, data that was compiled and (or) received by the auditors in connection with the implementation of their audit activities. Audit secret is information of confidential value, or information of limited use and access. In the article, special attention is paid to the composition of information that acts as a subject of audit secrecy, and the regulatory regulation of this institution. At the same time, the author formulates a conclusion about the ambiguity of the established norms by the legislator and the need for further theoretical understanding, as well as the creation of clearer legal measures and ways to regulate relations related to audit secrecy.
Keywords: аudit activity, audit secrecy, confidential information, audit.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii. Prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 goda (s izm. ot 04.07.2020) // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 1993. – # 237.
2. O vnesenii izmenenij v chast' pervuju Nalogovogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii: federal. zakon ot 29.07.2018 g. # 231-FZ // SZ RF. – 2018. – # 31. – St. 4820.
3. O protivodejstvii legalizacii (otmyvaniju) dohodov, poluchennyh prestupnym putem, i finansirovaniju terrorizma: federal. zakon ot 07.01.2001 g.# 115-FZ: v red. ot 31.07.2020 // SZ RF. – 2001. – # 33 (chast' 1). – St. 3418.
4. Ob auditorskoj dejatel'nosti: federal. zakon ot 30.12.2008 g. # 307-FZ: v red. ot 01.04.2020 // SZ RF. –2009. – # 1. – St. 15.
5. Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii: federal. zakon ot 27.07.2006 g. # 149-FZ: v red. ot 08.06.2020 // SZ RF. – 2006. – # 31 (chast' 1). – St. 3448.
6. Ob utverzhdenii perechnja svedenij konfidencial'nogo haraktera: ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 06.03.1997 g.# 188: v red. ot 13.07.2015 // SZ RF. – 1997. – # 10.– St. 1127.
7. Arhireeva A. S., Strukova T. A. Auditorskoe zakljuchenie kak rezul'tat auditorskoj proverki // Jepomen. – 2019. – # 24. – S. 25-30.
8. Arhireeva A. S., Sheudzhen A. A. Rol' audita kak vspomogatel'nogo instrumenta v pravovom regulirovanii jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti predprijatij v uslovijah reguliruemogo rynka // Jepomen. –2019. – # 23. – S. 38-44.
9. Bulgakova L. I. Pravovoj rezhim auditorskoj tajny // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2008. – # 5 (137).– S. 91-97.
10. Krutova Ja. A., Ochakovskij V. A., Korytina T. E. Nalogovaja tajna i ee obespechenie // Vestnik Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2018. – # 3(41). – S. 122-126.
11. Kurochkina E. V., Ochakovskij V. A. Osobennosti pravovogo regulirovanija otvetstvennosti za nesobljudenie auditorskoj tajny // Polimatis. – 2018. –#9. – S. 55-60.
12. Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja): federal. zakon ot 31.07.1998 g. # 146-FZ: v red. ot 09.11.2020 // SZ RF. – 1998. – # 31. – 3824.
13. O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii legalizacii (otmyvaniju) dohodov, poluchennyh prestupnym putem, i finansirovaniju terrorizma» i stat'ju 13 Federal'nogo zakona «Ob auditorskoj dejatel'nosti»: federal. zakon ot 23.04.2018g. # 112-FZ // SZ RF. – 2018. – # 18. – St. 2582 .
14. Saakjan M. A., Arhireeva A. S. Nalogovaja tajna i osobennosti ee realizacii // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. – 2019.– # 2.
15. Titov A. I. Razvitie pravovogo instituta auditorskoj tajny // Rossijskoe pravo na sovremennom jetape. – M., 2020. – S. 534-539.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Badamshin I. D., Bilalova L. R., Kolomiychenko E. V.
Repentance within the framework of the institution of exemption from criminal liability
The institution of active repentance is a manifestation of a new type of relationship that reflects
modern realities, since, from the point of view of achieving the goals of punishment, sincere repentance of the guilty person is the ultimate goal of criminal proceedings, and within the framework of the grounds and conditions for release from criminal liability provided for by law, it is expressed in atonement. The essence of active repentance lies in the fact that a person, condemning himself for the crime he has committed, seeks to commit certain active socially useful actions, i.e. sincerity as a subjective attribute is paramount in the desire to take positive action.
Keywords: awareness of guilt, post-criminal behavior, active remorse.
Work bibliographic list
1. Apelljacionnoe postanovlenie Usol'skogo gorodskogo suda (Irkutskaja oblast') # 10-9/2020 ot 27 ijulja 2020 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/wTplqSw9x1LV/ (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2021).
2. Praktikum po penitenciarnoj psihologii. – Rjazan', 1996. – 135 s.
3. Sevost'janov R. A. Kriterii istinnosti raskajanija i ih ocenka sudom pri naznachenii nakazanija: teoreticheskie aspekty. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://7universum.com/ru/economy/archive/item/3428 (data obrashhenija: 03.02.2021).
4. Ugolovnyj kodeks Ukrainy (red. ot 01.07.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://kku.com.ua/ru#i-4 (data obrashhenija: 03.02.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Vasilenko M. M., Vedyakova E. N.
Crime prevention among law enforcement officers
The relevance of this article is due to the imperfection of the fight against crime among law enforcement officers. The main reasons that determine the criminal behavior of these individuals, including in the socio-economic sphere, are considered. Special attention is paid to the shortcomings of the legislative nature that contribute to such criminal activities. Separate measures aimed at preventing the commission of crimes by law enforcement officers are proposed.
Keywords: socio-economic situation in the country, crime of law enforcement officers, determinants of crimes committed by law enforcement officers, professional deformation, prevention of professional deformation, measures to prevent crime of law enforcement officers.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aulov A. Ju. Bor'ba s korrupciej v srede sotrudnikov GIBDD // Zakonnost' i pravoporjadok v sovremennom obshhestve. – 2011. – S. 8-12.
2. Bagmet M. A. Prestupnost' sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del: monografija. – M.: Ileksa, 2009. –151 s.
3. Kolontaevskaja I. F. Professional'noe obrazovanie kadrov policii za rubezhom (pedagogicheskij aspekt). – M., 2000. – 148 s.
4. Sostojanie prestupnosti v Rossii: oficial'nyj sajt General'noj prokuratury Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://genproc.gov.ru(data obrashhenija: 05.02.2021).
5. Tamazov Je. I. Obshhaja kriminologicheskaja harakteristika korrupcionnyh prestuplenij, sovershaemyh sotrudnikami pravoohranitel'nyh organov //Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. – 2016. – S. 174-180.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Gutieva I. G.
Criminal law characteristics of theft
A variety of crimes are often summed up under the concept of theft, including bribery, vehicle theft, and fraud by pyramid schemes.
Theft is the theft of property, which has certain characteristics and clear criteria. It is necessary to delimit theft from related offenses against property. In particular, theft should not be confused with robbery or plunder. The range of problematic issues is quite extensive. In this article, we will consider in detail the concept, signs, qualifications and measures of responsibility for theft in accordance with criminal law.
Keywords: theft, property, crime, signs, qualifications, subject, alienation, wrongfulness, criminal responsibility, punishment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 30.12.2020). – St.st. 25, 146, 158, 165, 221,229, 325 / Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 02.01.2021).
2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii chast' 4 (GK RF ch. 4) ot 18 dekabrja 2006 goda # 230-FZ (red. Ot 20.07.2020). – St. 1250-1252 / Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 07.01.2021).
3. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. Ot 30.12.2020). – St. 7.12./ Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus» (data obrashhenija: 10.05.2020).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Elchaninov A. P., Elchaninova O. Yu.
Procedure for the expulsion abroad of foreigners who have committed offenses on the territory of Russia, according to the legislation of the Russian Empire of the early twentieth century
The article examines the main provisions of the Russian legislation of the Russian Empire of the early twentieth century, which determine the procedure for the expulsion of foreigners who have committed offenses on the territory of Russia. In particular, it discloses the circle of officials with the authority to make a decision on the removal of foreign nationals abroad, as well as the procedure for the actions of the competent authorities to implement such decisions. The author draws attention to the presence in the domestic legislation of the period under review alternatives to the expulsion of aliens who have committed offences, which was forced placement of residence on certain Russian territories under police surveillance.
Keywords: expulsion of foreigners abroad, forced removal, administrative offense, police supervision.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vysochajshe utverzhdennoe mnenie Gosudarstvennogo soveta ot 26 maja 1903 g. «Ob utverzhdenii pravil ob udalenii inostrancev iz predelov Rossii» //Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossijskoj Imperii. Sobranie Tret'e. Tom XXIII. Otdelenie 1. 1903 g.– SPb.: Izdatel'stvo «Gosudarstvennaja tipografija», 1905.
2. Vysochajshe utverzhdennoe polozhenie Soveta ministrov ot 6 ijulja 1907 g. «O naznachenii mestnostej dlja vodvorenija inostrancev, udalenie koih iz predelov Rossii ne moglo sostojat'sja» // Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossijskoj Imperii. Sobranie Tret'e. Tom XXVII. 1907 g. – SPb.: Izdatel'stvo «Gosudarstvennaja tipografija», 1910.
3. Vysochajshe utverzhdennoe polozhenie Soveta ministrov ot 21 oktjabrja 1908 g. «O predostavlenii voennym gubernatoram Primorskoj, Amurskoj i Zabajkal'skoj oblastej, a takzhe ostrova Sahalin, prava neposredstvenno primenjat' pravila udalenija inostrancev za granicu» // Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossijskoj Imperii. Sobranie Tret'e. Tom XXVIII. Otdelenie 1. 1908 g. – SPb.: Izdatel'stvo «Gosudarstvennaja tipografija», 1911.
4. Ustav o preduprezhdenii i presechenii prestuplenij v redakcii 1879 g. – M.: Tipografija F. B. Millera, 1879.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Karchaeva K. A.
Activities of the internal affairs bodies in the direction of preventing criminal behavior of minors
The young generation is the most valuable resource of a civilized state, which is why the issues of youth policy are under special control of the President of the Russian Federation. The relevance of the chosen topic of scientific research is justified by high rates of juvenile delinquency, as well as new threats and challenges to national and public security. This scientific article examines the activities of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation in the direction of preventing juvenile delinquency, as well as mechanisms for the formation of sustainable lawful behavior of the younger generation.
Keywords: minor, young generation, youth policy, internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation, prevention of juvenile delinquency.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O policii» ot 07.02.2011 # 3-FZ.
2. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 29.11.2014 # 2403-r «Ob utverzhdenii Osnov gosudarstvennoj molodezhnoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2025 goda».
 845 «Ob utverzhdenii Instrukcii po organizacii dejatel'nosti podrazdelenij po delam nesovershennoletnih organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii».
4. Druz'jak E. A. Rol' organov vnutrennih del v preduprezhdenii prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih // Territorija nauki. – 2015. – # 4. – S. 112-119. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/rol-organov-vnutrennih-del-v-preduprezhdeniiprestupnosti-nesovershennoletnih/ (data obrashhenija:19.01.2021).
5. Kratkaja harakteristika sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii za janvar' – nojabr' 2020 goda.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.rf/reports/item/22501861/.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kodzokova L. A., Kashirgov A. H.
On the question of the composition of the crime
In the article, the authors raise a problem that requires scientific resolution. The emphasis is placed on the need to develop a scientific definition of the corpus delicti, which is the only basis for criminal prosecution. According to the authors, the development of the concept of “corpus delicti”, its categories and characteristics is crucial in establishing a criminal penalty.
Keywords: crime, elements of corpus delicti, signs of a crime, qualification of a crime, criminal
punishment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 g.) // Dostup iz spravochnoj pravovoj sistemy «Garant». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://garant.ru.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ // Dostup iz spravochnoj pravovoj sistemy «Garant». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://garant.ru.
3. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18 dekabrja 2001 g. # 174-FZ // Dostup iz spravochnoj pravovoj sistemy «Garant». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://garant.ru.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Koval M. I.
Features of employment of convicts serving a criminal sentence in the form of imprisonment
The article deals with the issues of attracting convicts serving a sentence of imprisonment under a court sentence to work. Attention is drawn to the interrelation of the norms of the constitutional, labor and penal enforcement legislation, the peculiarities of their application.
The article examines the problematic issues of the legal status of the considered category of persons from the point of view of their labor duties. Proposals are made to improve the mechanism for attracting convicts to work in labor adaptation centers.
Keywords: employment, deprivation of liberty, convicts (special contingent), correctional institutions, Federal Penitentiary Service, persons with limited legal capacity, special subjects of labor relations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obra-
shhenija: 04.07.2020).
2. Trudovoj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.2001 # 197-FZ (red. ot 29.12.2020) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 07.01.2002. - # 1 (ch. 1). - St. 3.
3. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 08.01.1997 # 1-FZ (red. ot 23.11.2020, s izm. ot 28.12.2020) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 17.01.2021)// Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 13.01.1997. - # 2.- St. 198.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 05.04.2013 # 44-FZ (red. Ot 30.12.2020) «O kontraktnoj sisteme v sfere zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlja obespechenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd» (s izm. i dop., vstup. V silu s 01.01.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF.- 08.04.2013. - # 14. - St. 1652.
5. Zakon RF ot 21.07.1993 # 5473-1 (red. ot 27.12.2019) «Ob uchrezhdenijah i organah, ispolnjajushhih ugolovnye nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody» // Vedomosti SND i VS RF. - 19.08.1993. - # 33. - St. 1316.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Zobova Yu. A., Nazarova N. L.
On the responsibility of persons for crimes committed with artificial intelligence
The article refers to the possibility of holding persons criminally responsible for crimes committed with artificial intelligence. Based on the analysis of scientific literature and normative
material on the legal regulation of human interaction with artificial intelligence, conclusions are
drawn on the permanent improvement of criminal legislation, taking into account the level and high intensity of artificial intelligence development in Russia. Major trends in responsibility of persons interacting with artificial intelligence and using it for criminal purposes are highlighted.
Keywords: artificial intelligence, developer, operator, crime, criminal liability, guilt.
Work bibliographic list
1. Denisov N. L. Konceptual'nye osnovy formirovanija mezhdunarodnogo standarta pri ustanovlenii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za dejanija, svjazannye s iskusstvennym intellektom // Mezhdunarodnoe ugolovnoe pravo i mezhdunarodnaja justicija. - 2019. - # 4.
2. Elkina V. Iskusstvennyj intellekt nauchilsja sochinjat' muzyku, sovsem kak chelovek. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rb.ru/story/aicomposer/
3. Informacionnye tehnologii v ugolovnom proces-se zarubezhnyh stran: monografija / pod. red. S.V. Zueva. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2020.
4. Kartashov I.I. Problema ugolovno-pravovoj ocenki dejatel'nosti sistem s iskusstvennym intellektom // Studencheskij jelektronnyj zhurnal Strizh.- 2020. - # 5 (34).
5. Kibal'nik A.G., Volosjuk P.V. Iskusstvennyj intellekt: voprosy ugolovno-pravovoj doktriny, ozhidajushhie otvetov // Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2018. - # 4.
6. Mosechkin I. N. Iskusstvennyj intellekt i ugolovnaja otvetstvennost': problemy stanovlenija novogo vida sub"ekta prestuplenija // Vestnik SPbGU. Serija 14. Pravo. - 2019. - # 3.
7. Hallevy G. When Robots Kill: Artificial Intelligence under Criminal Law. University Press of New England.- 2013.
8. Stupp C. Fraudsters Used Al to Mimic CEO`S voice in unusual Cybercrime case. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.wsj.com/articles/fraudsters-use-ai-to-mimic-ceos-voice-in-unusualcybercrime-case-11567157402.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Magomedov Z. O., Nutsalhanov G. N.
The concept of extortion in the system of crimes against property
The author sets the task to present a criminal-legal description of extortion. The article discusses the concept of “extortion”. The signs of the corpus delicti were determined. The problems of the qualification of extortion and the differentiation of extortion from related crimes are analyzed. The criteria of the public danger of extortion are presented. The self-serving and violent nature of extortion is emphasized. The high latency of this type of crime is indicated. It is said that it is necessary to improve criminal-legal measures to combat such criminal manifestations.
Keywords: extortion, the subject of extortion, criminal law, property, corpus delicti, latency.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 27.10.2020) [Jelektronnyj resurs] // Dostup iz sprav. — pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tant Pljus».
2. Kriminologija. Uchebnik. Pod obshh. red. Kvashi Ju.F. Rostov-na-Donu, 2017. S. 232-235.
3. Solodovnikov S.A. Prestuplenija v sfere otnoshenij sobstvennosti grazhdan. M., 2018. 178 s.
4. Tishkevich I.S. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' za posjagatel'stvo na socialisticheskuju sobstvennost'. M., 1984. 89 s.
5. Vladimirov V.A. Kvalifikacija pohishhenij lichnogo imushhestva grazhdan. M., 1974. 281 s.
6. Litvinov V.I. Korystnye posjagatel'stva na lichnuju sobstvennost' i ih preduprezhdenie. M., 1989. 173 s.
7. Borzenkov G.N. Priznaki hishhenija v sostave vymogatel'stva // Zakonnost'. 2010. # 4. S. 20-23.
8. Nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij UK RSFSR /Pod red. Nikiforova B.S. M., 1964. 453 s.
9. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (postatejnyj) / A. V. Brilliantov, G. D. Dolzhenkova, Ja. E. Ivanova i dr.; pod red. A. V. Brilliantova. M.: Prospekt, 2017. 632 s.
10. Kochoi S.M. Prestuplenija protiv sobstvennosti. M.: Prospekt, 2016. 251 s.
11. Sevrjukov A.P. Hishhenie imushhestva kriminologicheskie i ugolovno-pravovye aspekty. M.: Juniti, 2017. 241 s.
12. Bojcov A.I. Prestuplenija protiv sobstvennosti. SPb.: Juridicheskij centr Press, 2018. 201 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Mamkhiagov Z. Z.
Administrative prejudice in the Russian Criminal Code and the level of criminal repression
The article continues the discussion about the place and significance of the administrative prejudice in the Russian criminal legislation. The emphasis is placed on the problem of the influence of administrative prejudice on the level of criminal repression. The author discusses two types of «primary» administrative offenses that underlie this means of criminalization. It is concluded that at present the administrative prejudice, in general, has become a tool for strengthening (tightening) the level of criminal repression.
Keywords: criminal legislation, administrative prejudice, criminalization of misconduct, criminal repression.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bochkarev I. E. K voprosu o kriminalizacii administrativnyh pravonarushenij putem ispol'zovanija administrativnoj prejudicii // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N. I. Lobachevskogo. Pravo. - 2019. - # 5. - S. 76-87.
2. Ivanov N. G. Mnozhestvennost' prestuplenij i administrativnaja prejudicija v sovremennom UK RF// Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 2017. - # 11. - S. 72-80.
3. Ivanchin A. V. O celesoobraznosti postroenija sostavov prestuplenij s administrativnoj prejudiciej // Biblioteka kriminalista. Nauchnyj zhurnal. - 2013. - # 2. - S. 99-108.
4. Kibal'nik A. G. Nedopustimost' administrativnoj prejudicii v ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve // Biblioteka kriminalista. Nauchnyj zhurnal. - 2013.- # 2. - S. 119-125.
5. Kolesnik K. R. Social'naja obuslovlennost' administrativnoj prejudicii v ugolovnom prave //Uchenye trudy Rossijskoj akademii advokatury i notariata. - 2018. - # 2. - S. 144-148.
6. Kolosova V. I. Administrativnaja prejudicija kak sredstvo preduprezhdenija prestuplenij i sovershenstvovanija ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N. I. Lobachevskogo. - 2011. - # 1. - S. 246-254.
7. Lopashenko N. A. Administrativnoj prejudicii v ugolovnom prave – net! // Vestnik Akademii General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii. -2011. - # 3. - S. 64-71.
8. Malkov V. P. Administrativnaja prejudicija: za i protiv // Vestnik Akademii General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii. - 2011. - # 3. - S. 58-64.
9. Markuncov S. A. O ponimanii administrativnoj prejudicii kak osobogo sredstva juridicheskoj tehniki i rasshirenii ee ispol'zovanija v Ugolovnom kodekse Rossijskoj Federacii // Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. - 2014. - # 4. - S. 31-42.
10. Jamasheva E. V. K voprosu o vosstanovlenii administrativnoj prejudicii v ugolovnom zakone Rossii //Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. - 2009. - # 10. - S. 69-79.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Marianov A. A., Mirzaev Z. M., Lavarslanova M. G.
Prevention of juvenile delinquency associated with the illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their analogues
The article deals with the prevention of crime related to the inducement of minors to use drugs. It is emphasized that the solution to the problem of drug addiction prevention is possible with the mobilization of pedagogical potential, interdepartmental interaction;the formation of family resources; the development of a socially supportive infrastructure that includes the family in the microsocial environment of the child “at risk of drug addiction”.
Keywords: juvenile warning, declension, drugs.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 05.06.2012 # 54-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v stat'i 230 i 232 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 11.06.2012. – # 24. – St. 3071.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 9 ijunja 2010g. # 690 «Ob utverzhdenii Strategii gosudarstvennoj antinarkoticheskoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii do 2020 g.» // SZ RF. – 2010. – # 24. – St. 3015.
3. Korovin E. P. Nekotorye teoreticheskie i prakticheskie problemy kvalifikacii prestuplenija, predusmotrennogo st. 151.2 UK RF // Ugolovnoe pravo. – 2018.– # 6. – S. 56-65.
4. Mihajljuk A. N. Formirovanie pravosoznanija v molodezhnyh subkul'turah // Juridicheskaja psihologija.– 2011. – # 3. – S. 16-18.
5. Novikova E. P. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika i preduprezhdenie prestuplenij nesovershennoletnih, svjazannyh s nezakonnym oborotom narkoticheskih sredstv, psihotropnyh veshhestv i ih analogov: Po materialam Central'no-Chernozemnogo regiona Rossii: avtoreferat dis. ... kandidata juridicheskih nauk: 12.00.08.– Voronezh, 2006. – 29 s.
6. Odincova L. Voprosy otgranichenija vovlechenija nesovershennoletnih v sovershenie antiobshhestvennyh dejstvij ot smezhnyh sostavov prestuplenij // Ugolovnoe pravo. – 2013. – # 6. – S. 36-39.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Nabiyev F. F.
The improvement of the criminal law provides for liability for intentional destruction or damage of property
There is a lot of discussion about the use of administrative prejudice in criminal law by the legislator, and some scientists and practitioners are opposed to returning it to criminal law. The article deals with the use of administrative prejudice in criminal legislation and the composition of crimes with administrative prejudice.
The author offers his own position on the resolution of controversial issues.
Keywords: intentional destruction or damage to someone else’s property, significant damage, administrative prejudice; public danger; punishability, subject.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bezverhov A. G. Administrativnaja prejudicial'nost' v ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve Rossii: istorija, realii, perspektivy // Vestnik Samarskoj gumanitarnoj akademii. Serija «Pravo». - 2011. - # 2(10). - S. 40. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/administrativnayapreyuditsialnost-v-ugolovnom-zakonodatelstve-rossiiistoki-realii-perspektivy (data obrashhenija: 26.07.2016).
2. Bezverhov A. G. Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/administrativnaya-preyuditsialnost-v-ugolovnomzakonodatelstve-
rossii-istoki-realii-perspektivy; Junusov A. A., Serkova T. V. Administrativnaja prejudi-
cija v rossijskom ugolovnom prave // Aktual'nye problemy jekonomiki i prava. - 2015. - # 1 (33). - S.278–282. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://cyberleninka.ru (data obrashhenija: 16.09.2016).
3. Kuznecova N. F. Sem' let Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. - Serija 11. - 2003. - # 1. - S. 6.
4. Kurs ugolovnogo prava. Osobennaja chast'. T. 3. Uchebnik dlja vuzov / Pod. red. Doktora juridicheskih nauk, professora G. N. Borzenkova i kandidata juridicheskih nauk, professora V. S. Komissarova. – M.:IKD Zercalo-M, 2002. - S. 6.
5. Lopashenko N. A. Administrativnoj prejudicii v ugolovnom prave – net!!! // Vestnik Akademii general'noj prokuratury. - 2011. - # 3. - S. 64-71.
6. Malkov V. P. Mnozhestvennost' prestuplenij: sushh-nost', vidy, pravovoe znachenie. - Kazan', 2006. - S. 25.
7. Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii, «Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF». - # 27(chast' II). - St. 4256 // «Rossijskaja gazeta». - # 149.- 08.07.2016 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija:04.07.2016).
8. Rybak A. Administrativnaja prejudicija v ugolovnom prave. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa:http://criminalpravo.ru/index.php/moi-nauchnyestati/72-administrativnaya-preyuditsiya-v-ugolovnom-prave.html (data obrashhenija: 16.09.2016).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Prokudina P. O., Goncharuk N. A., Tsedrik V. A., Zhuravleva E. V.
Coercive measures of medical nature: legislative definition
The article deals with the problematic issues concerning the lack of legislative definition of coercive measures of medical nature.
The similarities and differences between criminal punishment and compulsory measures of medical nature are established. The authors analyze the criminal legislation and also propose its improvement by means of additions in separate articles of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: criminal punishment, compulsory measures of medical nature, concept, criminal record, criminal procedural legal capacity, socially dangerous act.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bazhukova Zh.A. O pravomernosti priznanija lica nevmenjaemym zakljucheniem sudebno-psihiatricheskoj jekspertizy // Advokatskaja praktika. – 2013. – # 5. – S.14-18.
2. Bazhukova Zh.A. Ob ugolovno-processual'nyh garantijah prav i zakonnyh interesov lic, nuzhdajushhegosja v prinuditel'nom lechenii // Advokatskaja praktika. –2017. – # 4. – S. 27-32.
3. Bazhukova Zh.A. Osobennosti proizvodstva po ugolovnym delam o primenenii prinuditel'nyh mer medicinskogo haraktera: ucheb. posobie. – Syktyvkar: Izd-vo KRAGSiU. – 2015. – S. 35.
4. Kolmakov, P.A. Problemy pravovogo regulirovanija prinuditel'nyh mer medicinskogo haraktera: monografija. – Syktyvkar: Syktyvkarskij gosud. univ-t, 2001. – S. 8-14.
5. Komarova N.A., Sidorova N.A. Proizvodstvo po primeneniju prinuditel'nyh mer medicinskogo haraktera. – SPb.: Izd-vo Sankt-Peterb. universiteta. – 1996.– S. 5-13.
6. Ovchinnikova A.P. Sushhnost' i naznachenie prinuditel'nyh mer medicinskogo haraktera: uchebnoe posobie. – M.: Jurid.liter. – 1977. – S. 8-14.
7. Peskovaja Ju.V. Ugolovno-processual'naja pravosub"ektnost' lica, stradajushhego psihicheskim rasstrojstvom: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2013. – 28s.
8. Protchenko B.A. Prinuditel'nye mery medicinskogo nakazanija. – M.: Jurid liter. – 1976. – S. 3-11.
9. Savin A.A. Prinuditel'nye mery medicinskogo haraktera v zakonodatel'stve rjada zarubezhnyh stran: voprosy pravovogo regulirovanija i ispolnenija // Vestnik Vladimirskogo juridicheskogo instituta. – 2019.– # 2 (51). – S. 117-120.
10. Spasennikov B.A. Prinuditel'nye mery medicinskogo haraktera (teorija, ugolovno-pravovoe regulirovanie, praktika): avtoref. dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk. – SPb, 2004. – 35 s.
11. Cherkashin E.F. Nevmenjaemost' v ugolovnom prave (kriminologicheskie i social'no-pravovye aspekty) //Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2010. –# 5 (74). – S.144-147.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kodzokova L. A., Karchaeva K. A.
The concept and problems of qualification of vandalism
Vandalism is a crime, completely out of certain convictions. But not always. Sometimes, vandals simply desecrate monuments or any other objects, simply because they want to. This crime very often has political or ideological overtones. And not always vandalism is an end in itself. It is sometimes used as a protest or a noticeable reaction. The article will focus on what vandalism is
as a general rule and how it is punished. And let’s pay attention to the problems of the correct legal assessment of the act and the delimitation from related compositions.
Keywords: vandalism, criminal liability, qualification, desecration, damage to property, corpus delicti, signs, punishment, sanctions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 30.12.2020). – St. 214 / Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija:22.01.2021).
2. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 15 nojabrja 2007 g. # 45 «O sudebnoj praktike po ugolovnym delam o huliganstve i inyh prestuplenijah, sovershennyh iz huliganskih pobuzhdenij». – P. 1, 4, 9 / Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 19.01.2021).
3. Aliev H. K., Magomedova M. K voprosu o differenciacii vandalizma v rossijskom ugolovnom i administrativnom zakonodatel'stve // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2014. – # 3. – S. 137-140.
4. Mironov R. G. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' za vandalizm// Molodoj uchenyj. – 2020. – # 4 (294). – S. 399-400.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Sych K. A.
Historical and legal trends in the criminal responsibility of minors
The article examines the features of the criminal liability of minors at various stages of the development of Russian legislation, starting with the Cathedral Code of 1649 and ending with the current Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The reasons for the different approach to the establishment of the minimum age of criminal responsibility at various stages of the Russian statehood are revealed. Conclusions are made regarding the development of criminal liability in Russia and the need to reduce it in modern conditions.
Keywords: criminal responsibility, minors, minors, juvenile delinquency, minimum age of criminal responsibility.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo X-XX vv.: v 9 t. - M.,1985. - T. 2
2. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo X-XX vv.: v 9 t. - M.,1985. - T. 4
3. Svod zakonov Rossijskoj imperii. - SPb., 1885. - T. 15
4. Sbornik dokumentov po istorii ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva SSSR i RSFSR 1917-1925 gg. / Pod red. I. T. Poljakova. - M., 1953.
5. Ugolovnoe ulozhenie 1903 g. // Prilozhenie k Sobr. zak. i post. Pravitel'stva za 1903 g. - # 38.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Stupina S. A.
On the issue of object of extortion
The article in consideration of the provisions of both criminal and civil law, apart from property
rights, other rights in rem, as well as other subjective rights of the owner of the property are considered.
Also, property relations secured by the law of obligations, which may be the main direct object
of extortion, are studied.
Keywords: extortion, object of a crime, subject of a crime, qualification of a crime, criminal liability.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev S. S. Obshhaja teorija prava: v 2-h t. – T. 1. – M.:Jurid. lit., 1981.
2. Dannye sudebnoj statistiki. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79(data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
3. Dozhdev D. V. Rimskoe chastnoe pravo. Uchebnik dlja vuzov/ pod red. V. S. Nersesjanca. – M.: Izdatel'skaja gruppa INFRA•M—NORMA, 1996. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://uchebnikfree.com/pravo-rimskoe/rimskoe-chastnoe-pravo-uchebnik-dlya-vuzov-pod.html(data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
4. Ivanov S. A. Kategorija vladenija v grazhdanskom prave:problemy teorii i praktiki. Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Krasnodar, 2011.
5. Mal'bin D. A. Vladel'cheskaja zashhita (posessornaja) v rossijskom grazhdanskom prave. Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Saratov, 2014.
6. Sinicyn S. A. Zashhita vladenija i veshhnyh prav v grazhdanskom prave Rossii i Germanii. Avtoref. dis. ...kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2010.
7. Sostojanie prestupnosti. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.rf/reports/item/22501861/ (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
8. Stupina S. A. Osobennosti ob"ekta sostava vymogatel'stva // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2019. – # 3. – S. 113-118.
9. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Osobennaja chast': Uchebnik /Akademija General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii / pod red. I. Je. Zvecharovskogo. – M.: Norma:INFRA-M., 2010.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Suyunova D. J.
Improvement of criminal law measures to prevent violence against women
The article analyzes liability for crimes against women under criminal legislation of national criminal law, while assessment of Criminal Code rules in terms of identifying its distinctive features of legal regulation conditional to gender and family differences of subjects is provided for the first time. Expert study of criminal legislation related to crimes against women plays a facilitating role in identifying not only real scope of criminal law rules, but also determining if there is a gap in law, or legal regulation is insufficiently socially conditioned.
Keywords. Criminal legislation, subjects of criminal matters, crimes against women, life, health of women, domestic violence, historical variability, foreign legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu RF pod redakciej V. M. Lebedeva. – Moskva: Jurajt, 2013.
2. Vse dlja studenta. Ugolovnye kodeksy zarubezhnyh stran. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.twirpx.com/file/379964/ (data obrashhenija: 29.11.2020).
3. Kratkij obzornyj gendernyj analiz pravovoj sistemy Uzbekistan. Dlja ispol'zovanija programmoj JuSAID po Sudebno-pravovym reformam v Uzbekistane. –Tashkent, 2019.
4. Malinovskij A. A. Sravnitel'noe ugolovnoe pravo.– M.: Jurlitinform, 2014.
5. Naumov A. V. Ugolovnoe pravo. Obshhaja chast'. Kurs lekcij. – M.: «Bek», 1996.
6. Nacional'naja baza dannyh zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Uzbekistan. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lex.uz/docs/ (data obrashhenija:19.12.2020).
7. Ozhegov S. I. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka / Pod red. prof. L. I. Skvorcova. – 28-e izd. pererab. – M.:Mir i obrazovanie, 2014.
8. Taub A. Novyj krizis Covid-19: nasilie v sem'e rastet vo vsem mire. N'ju Jork Tajms. (6 aprelja 2020 g.).– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/06/world/coronavirusdomestic-violence.html (data obrashhenija: 28.11.2020).
9. Shherbakov L. M. Gendernye aspekty individualizacii nakazanija za nasil'stvennye prestuplenija //Vestnik Stavropol'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2006. – # 44. – S. 186.
10. Juridicheskoe bjuro Sejhan. Ugolovnyj kodeks Turcii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.turkishadvocate.ru/ugolovnikodeksturtsii/ (data obrashhenija: 03.12.2020).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Tsebekova G. V., Basanov V. V., Shipiev S. M.
Fraud with the usage of plastic cards
This article deals with the problem of plastic card fraud. The history of the issue is briefly investigated, the main types of such fraud and the methods of committing crimes in this area are disclosed, the main provisions of the legislation in relation to Article 159.3 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation are considered. One of the instruments for non-cash payments is a bank card. The method of payment by credit card is notable for its convenience and operations with bank plastic cards are among the most profitable types of banking activities. In this regard, the banks are faced with the task of ensuring the safety of customers’ transactions with plastic cards and monitoring account transactions in order to identify cases of fraud.
Keywords: fraud, payment cards, bankcards, ATM, financial transactions, fraud, skimming, trapping, phishing.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: [federal'nyj zakon ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ: po sost.na 08 dekabrja 2020 g.] // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 1996. - # 25. - St. 2954; Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2020.- # 280(8334).
2. Ob jemissii platezhnyh kart i ob operacijah, sovershaemyh s ih ispol'zovaniem: polozhenie Banka Rossii ot 24 dekabrja 2004 g. # 266-P (s izm. ot 28 sentjabrja 2020 g.) // Vestnik Banka Rossii. - 2005. - # 17.
3. O sudebnoj praktike po delam o moshennichestve, prisvoenii i rastrate: [postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 30 nojabrja 2017 g. # 48] //Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. - 2018. - # 2.
4. Alieva A.M. Bankovskie karty v Rossii: istorija i perspektivy // Economics. - 2019. - # 2 (40). - S. 35-38.
5. Bahteev D.V. O nekotoryh sovremennyh sposobah sovershenija moshennichestva v otnoshenii imushhestva fizicheskih lic // Rossijskoe pravo: Obrazovanie. Praktika. Nauka. - 2016. - # 3. - S. 24-28.
6. Grickevich T.I., Zolotuhin V.M. Tolerantnost' i problema neopredelennosti v re-formirovanii sovremennoj Rossii // Vestnik Kuzbasskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnicheskogo universiteta. - 2005. - #5 (50). - S. 114-117.
7. Grosheva E.V. Praktika bor'by s moshennichestvom v bankovskoj sfere // Nauka cherez prizmu vremeni. -2018. - # 11 (20). - S. 54-57.
8. Kozodaeva O.N., Obydennova A.S. Sposoby sovershenija moshennichestva s ispol'zovaniem bankovskih kart // Uchenye zapiski Tambovskogo otdelenija RoS-MU. - 2019. - # 13. - S. 7-10.
9. Medvedev S. Beznalichnyj bum [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.svoboda.org/a/30256576.html. Data obrashhenija 22.01.2021.
10. Potrubach N.N. Problemy bezopasnosti ispol'zovanija bankovskih kart i napravlenija protivodejstvija moshennichestvu: uchebnik. - M.: FLINTA,- 2018. - # 1. - S. 62-66.
11. Sazonov M.M. Vidy moshennichestv s bankovskimi kartami i sovershenstvovanie mer viktimologicheskogo preduprezhdenija // Viktimologija. - 2018. - #2 (16). - S. 55-59.
12. Starichkov M.V. Vozbuzhdenie ugolovnyh del o moshennichestve s ispol'zovaniem platezhnyh kart //Kriminalistika: vchera, segodnja, zavtra: sbornik nauchnyh trudov. - Irkutsk: Vostochno-Sibirskij institut MVD Rossii, 2015. - S. 195-199.
13. Kratkaja harakteristika sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii za janvar'-oktjabr' 2020 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/reports/item/19007735. data obrashhenija: 22.01.2021.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Khabibova L. D.
Institute of property confiscation in the criminal legislation of Russia and foreign countries
The article deals with the confiscation of property as a criminal law institution on the basis of a comparative analysis of the criminal legislation of Russia and foreign countries. The author considers the concept and types of property confiscation in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The differences between the confiscation of property and other coercive measures are given. The main characteristics of the confiscation of property are indicated. The problems of the purpose, application and execution of the confiscation of property as a criminal law institution are considered.
Keywords: property, criminal law, confiscation, problems.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 07.04.2020) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 12.04.2020) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 17.06.1996. - # 25. - St. 2954.
2. Bezborodov D. A., Zarubin A. V. Inye mery ugolovno-pravovogo haraktera: ponjatie, priznaki i vidy. Uchebnoe posobie. – SPb.: Akademija General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii, 2019. – 81 s.
3. Veklenko S. V., Zemljukov S. V., Nevinskij V. V. Konfiskacija i «inaja mera ugolovno-pravovogo haraktera»: problemy reshenija v pravoprimenenii // Institut konfiskacii imushhestva v zakonodatel'stve gosudarstv – chlenov Soveta Evropy i v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve: materialy mezhdunarodnogo seminara. – Barnaul: Izd-vo Alt. un-ta, 2018. – S. 64-65.
4. Mezhdunarodnaja konvencija o bor'be s finansiovaniem terrorizma (zakljuchena v g. N'ju-Jorke 09.12.1999) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. -24.03.2003. - # 12. - St. 1059.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Halilov Sh. M., Radjabov Sh. R.
Abuse of authority in commercial and other organizations:problems of theory and practice
The article deals with the abuse of power in commercial and other organizations.
Global political and economic reforms of the late twentieth century, aimed, among other things, at neutralizing the state monopoly on the production and turnover of a number of goods, as well as the provision of services to consumers, and the creation of free market relations, have brought certain positive changes to the domestic economy. In a relatively short period of time, many legal entities were registered, having various organizational and legal forms, being both commercial and non-commercial organizations that carry out entrepreneurial and other activities not prohibited by law within the framework of the charter and other constituent documents.
The increase in the gross domestic product and the saturation of various segments of the market economy with domestic or imported competitive products, in turn, actualized qualitatively new relations between economic entities.
Gradually, the business reputation of an organization or enterprise, the timely and high-quality fulfillment of its obligations assumed on the basis of contracts and other legal acts, became crucial for the choice of business partners, and therefore indirectly affect the viability of a particular economic entity.
Keywords: a commercial organization, the abuse of official powers.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ [Jelektronnyj resurs] SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (Data obrashhenija: 03.02.2021).
2. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 16 oktjabrja 2009 g. # 19 «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o zloupotreblenii dolzhnostnymi polnomochijami i o prevyshenii dolzhnostnyh polnomochij» [Jelektronnyj resurs] SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (Data obrashhenija: 08.02.2021).
3. Starkova, T.A. Gnoseologicheskoe issledovanie ocenochnyh kategorij, ispol'zuemyh v ugolovnom prave pri harakteristike prestuplenij v sfere jekologii // Sbornik NII pri General'noj prokurature RF. Metod. Posobie pod red. A.Ja. Suhareva. M., 2004. S. 94-100.
4. Sulejmanov T.M. Otvetstvennost' za zloupotreblenie dolzhnostnymi polnomochijami v Rossii i Germanii (ugolovno-pravovoj i kriminologicheskij aspekty) / Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika T. 3. 2016. # 45. S. 149-155.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Shogenov T. M., Burayeva L. A.
On the current issues of the growth of crime in the field of bank cards
The article deals with topical issues related to the rapid growth of crime in the field of high technologies, which many experts associate with the consequences of the spread of a new coronavirus infection, when almost all enterprises worked remotely. The authors noted that the main share of cybercrimes was fraud, including with bank cards. New methods and schemes used by criminals to seize money are analyzed. The main reasons for the growth of cybercrime in the field of bank cards are noted, which are caused not only by the credulity of citizens, but also by gaps in the security of banking systems, including the leakage of customer data.
Keywords: cybercrime, high-tech crime, bank card fraud, security of banking systems, social engineering methods.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gauzhaeva V. A., Buraeva L. A., Borsov A. I. O nekotoryh voprosah organizacii raskrytija i rassledovanija prestuplenij, ob"ektami posjagatel'stv kotoryh javljajutsja bankomaty i platezhnye terminaly, na pervonachal'nom jetape // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2016. – # 8. – S. 283-285.
2. Zhitel'nica Ulan-Udje «podarila» moshenniku pochti 2 milliona. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa:https://newbur.ru/n/57192/?utm_source =yxnews&utm_medium=desktop (data obrashhenija: 14.02.2021).
3. Moshenniki predlagajut rossijanam vyplaty ot imeni CB. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4674176 (data obrashhenija:14.02.2021).
4. Roslavl'chanka poterjala 780 tysjach rublej v rezul'tate moshennicheskih dejstvij neizvestnogo.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://yandex.ru/turbo/ smolgazeta.ru/s/daylynews/84647-roslavlchanka-poteryala-780-tysyach-rubley-v.html?utm_
source=yxnews&utm_medium=desktop (data obrashhenija: 14.02.2021).
5. Rossijanam ob"jasnili neochevidnye oshibki pri pol'zovanii bankovskimi kartami. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://life.ru/p/1364741 (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2021).
6. Tarchokov B. A., Shogenov T. M., Buraeva L. A. Biologicheskoe oruzhie kak global'naja ugroza mirovomu soobshhestvu // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020.–# 3 (142). – S. 342-344.
7. Chislo prestuplenij v sfere IT vyroslo v Rossii pochti vdvoe. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa:https://www.rbc.ru/society/10/07/2020/5f081f659a79476f7
146a6e8 (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2021).
8. Chislo prestuplenij s ispol'zovanie IT-tehnologij v Rossii vyroslo na 75 % za 10 mesjacev. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/obschestvo/10059409 (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2021).
9. Jeksperty rasskazali o novom sposobe moshennichestva s pomoshh'ju Telegram. [Jelektronnyj resurs].- Rezhim dostupa: https://iz.ru/1120428/2021-02-04/eksperty-rasskazali-o-novom-sposobe-moshennichestvas-pomoshchiu-telegram (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2021).
10. Jeksperty rasskazali, kak moshenniki mogut uznat' balans karty. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20210206/moshennichestvo-1596271883.html (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Yushina Yu. V.
To the question of some dissonances in the appointment of a fine to juvenile convicts
Тhe article discusses the peculiarities of the appointment of a criminal punishment in the form of a fine to juvenile convicts. Analyzing various approaches and problematic aspects of its application, a reasonable conclusion is made about the advisability of assigning this type of punishment only to minors who have an independent source of income, excluding the possibility of its execution by other persons.
This will remove a number of problematic issues that arise in the event of his appointment to the parents or legal representatives of the convicted minor and their malicious evasion from payment.
Keywords: criminal law, criminal punishment, fine, the principle of guilt, the principle of individualization of punishment, convicted juveniles.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 g. # 63-FZ (red. ot 1.01.2021 g.) // SPS Konsul'tant pljus.
2. Analiticheskij obzor «Kompleksnyj analiz sostojanija prestupnosti v rossijskoj federacii po itogam 2019 goda i tendencii ee razvitija». – M., 2020.
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://xn----ctbcgfviccvibf9bq8k.xn--90ais/statya-111/ (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2020).
4. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/m/document?doc_id=31575252#sub_id=810000 (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2020).
5. Ugolovnyj kodeks Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/m/document/?doc_id=30420353#sub_id=850000 (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2020).
6. Nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij Ugolovnogo kodeksa Ukrainy / pod red. N. I. Mel'nika, N. I. Havronjuka. – 10 izd., perprab.i dopoln. – Kiev: Izd.«Dakor», 2018. – 1368 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Yurtaev V. A., Knyazeva N. A.
To the question of the legal status of civic smoothbore weapons and non-lethal weapons, its components and ammunition in modern national legislation
In this article, the authors consider the problems associated with determining the legal status of civil smoothbore firearms and firearms of limited destruction, their components, and ammunition. The Federal Law “On Weapons” in force on the territory of the Russian Federation has a fairly wide range of types and subtypes of civilian weapons, which, in turn, causes ambiguity in the legal assessment and, as a result, possible conflicts in the definition of these very types and their subtypes of weapons. Based on the analysis of the norms of domestic legislation, it is concluded that the legal status of components and ammunition that pose no less public danger if they fall into unscrupulous hands is not established for the types of civilian weapons specified in the title of the article. The authors reflect on the expediency of separating the penalties for “sale” and “illegal sale” of the elements specified in the title of this article and also propose appropriate amendments to administrative and criminal legislation that can specify the legal status of the declared types of weapons, their components, and ammunition.
Keywords: civic weapon, a non-lethal weapon, article 222 of Сriminal Сode of the Russian Federation, article 20.8 of Code on Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation, Federal Law «About weapons», smoothbore weapon, ammunition for the non-lethal weapon, the legal status of weapons, a hunting weapon.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Edinyj otchet o prestupnosti» za janvar'-dekabr' 2019 g. // Svodnyj otchet po Rossii. Kniga 1. GIAC MVD Rossii. – M., 2020.
2. M. V. Goncharova, M. M. Babaev, S. A. Nevskij, Ju. V. Tarasova, G. F Koimshidi, G. Je. Bicadze, A. A. Malienko, N. N. D'jachenko, A. G. Museibov. Kompleksnyj analiz sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii po itogam 2019 goda i tendencii ee razvitija:analiticheskij obzor. – M., 2020.
3. Koreckij D. A. Kriminal'naja armalogija. – M., 2010.
4. Sadovnikova G.D. Kommentarij k Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii (postatejnyj). – M., 2016 g.
5. Statisticheskie dannye o zaregistrirovannoj prestupnosti iz formy 1-EGS (za 2008, 2013, 2018 gody)// Bor'ba s organizovannymi projavlenijami prestupnosti i obespechenie nacional'noj bezopasnosti: materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (22-23 janvarja 2019 g.). – M., 2019.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Yaroshenko O. N.
Criminal policy of the Russian Federation in the field of crimes against public morality
At present, one of the strategic priorities in the state legal policy of the Russian Federation can be confidently called ensuring the effective protection of the rights and legitimate interests of the individual, society and the state. All directions of the state-legal policy of our state proceed from the primacy of human rights and freedoms and are based on the law. The article examines the issues related to the formation of the concept of legal policy and its impact on crimes against public morality.
Keywords: morality; policy in the field of law; policy of law; criminal policy; crime; protection of human rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dal' V. Tolkovyj slovar' zhivogo velikorusskogo jazyka. T. 2. SPb., 1997. S. 345. 2. Bol'shoj jenciklopedicheskij slovar'. M. - SPb., 2000. S. 755. Bol'shoj tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka. SPb., 1998. S. 659.
2. Petrova G.O. Ponjatie politiki v sfere ugolovnogo prava i ee priznaki. // Sovremennye problemy Ugolovnoj politiki (materialy 5 Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii) pod. red. dokt. jurid. nauk, prof., A.N. Il'jashenko. Krasnodar. 2014. S.217
3. Oreshkin S.I. Vvedenie v sudebnuju politiku/ otv. red. Ju.Ju. Vetjutnev. Jelista. 2007. S. 14-15.
4. Sulejmanov B.B. Metodologija issledovanija pravovoj politiki. // Pravovaja politika Rossii (obshheteoreticheskie i pravovye problemy): uchebnoe posobie / pod nauch. red. dokt. jurid. nauk, prof., zasluzhennogo dejatelja nauki RF A. V. Mal'ko. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2014. S. 29.
5. Strahov Ja.G. Sovremennaja ugolovnaja politika i sovershenstvovanie vzaimodejstvija pravoohranitel'nyh organov sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii pri ee realizacii: Monografija. M.: Akademija upravlenija MVD Rossii, 2003. S. 7.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Belyalov R. T., Radjabov S. R.
Methods of crimes in the field of illegal trafficking of strong or toxic substances for the purpose of sale
The article deals with crimes in the field of illegal trafficking of potent and toxic substances.
An extremely important role in the implementation of the task of a comprehensive, complete, objective, rapid and effective investigation of crimes in the field of illegal trafficking of potent or toxic substances for sale belongs to the development of modern private forensic methods for investigating these crimes, knowledge and creative application of this technique by practical law enforcement officers.
Keywords: illegal traffic, strong substances, toxic substances, sale.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 30.12.2020) // SPS «KonsultantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 31.01.2021).
2. Zil'berman E. N. Reakcii nitrilov. – M., 1972. S. 160.
3. Metodicheskie materialy po kriminalisticheskoj jekspertize materialov, veshhestv i izdelij / Sost. V. S. Mitrichev, A. I. Dvorkin, S. N. Antonova, V. P. Ol'hovik. – M., 1976.
4. Orehov A. P. Himija alkaloidov. 2-e izd., ispr. i dop.– M., 1955.
5. Osnovy kriminalisticheskoj jekspertizy materialov, veshhestv i izdelij / Pod red. V. G. Savenko. – M., 2017.
6. Pigulevskij S. V. Jadovitye zhivotnye. Toksikologija pozvonochnyh. – L., 1966.
7. Pitercev S. K., Stepanov A. A. Takticheskie priemy doprosa. – SPb., 1994.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Zaigraeva V. K.
Determination of the end of the smuggling of strategically important goods and resources
The article examines the positions of individual researchers, as well as the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation on the issue of determining the moment of the end of smuggling, draws conclusions regarding these positions. It is proposed that the moment of termination of the smuggling of strategically important goods and resources be determined separately when imported into the Russian Federation or into the customs territory of the Eurasian Economic Union and exported from the Russian Federation or from the customs territory of the Eurasian Economic Union.
Keywords: smuggling, strategic goods and resources, end point.
Work bibliographic list
1. Azarenkova E. Moment okonchanija kontrabandy //Ugolovnoe pravo. - 2018. - # 4. - S. 4-10.
2. Volzhenkin B. V. Prestuplenija v sfere jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti. - SPb., 2002.
3. Zajnullina Z. F. Ugolovno-pravovoe protivodejstvie kontrabande nalichnyh denezhnyh sredstv, denezhnyh instrumentov, alkogol'noj produkcii i tabachnyh izdelij: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. 12.00.08.- M., 2018.
4. Kachkina G. P. Kontrabanda kak tamozhennoe prestuplenie: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. 12.00.08. - Vladivostok, 2003.
5. Kvalifikacija i rassledovanie prestuplenij v sfere tamozhennogo dela: N. I. Krjukova, E. N. Arestova. - M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2016.
6. Kromova A. Ja. Ugolovno-pravovaja harakteristika kontrabandy, predusmotrennoj stat'ej 229.1 UK RF. Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. 12.00.08. - M., 2013.
7. Prihod'ko N. Ju. Preduprezhdenie organami vnutrennih del kontrabandy na zheleznodorozhnom transporte. Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. 12.00.08. - M., 2015
8. Romanov I. A. Sociologicheskaja i ugolovno-pravovaja harakteristika kontrabandy. Avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. 12.00.08. - M., 2004.
9. Rossijskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Obshhaja i Osobennaja chasti / Pod red. N. A. Lopashenko. - M., 2014. - T. 3:Osobennaja chast'.
10. Stepanova O. G. Kontrabanda narkoticheskih sredstv, psihotropnyh veshhestv, ih prekursorov ili analogov, rastenij libo ih chastej, soderzhashhih narkoticheskie sredstva, psihotropnye veshhestva ili ih prekursory: ugolovno-pravovoe i kriminologicheskoe issledovanie. Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. 12.00.08. – Cheljabinsk, 2012.
11. Suchkov Ju. I. Prestuplenija v sfere vneshnejekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti Rossijskoj Federacii. -M., 2005.
12. Fedorov A. V. Kontrabanda: okonchennoe prestuplenie i pokushenie na sovershenie prestuplenija //Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2017. - # 19. – S. 3-17.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Mammadov V. N.
Release from criminal liability with the appointment of a court fine in the norms of foreign legislation
The article examines the institution of exemption from criminal liability with the appointment of a court fine. The author analyzes foreign legislation in terms of analogues of this criminal law institution. Particular attention is paid to the legislation of the countries of Western Europe. As a result of the work carried out, the related provisions of the legislation were identified, which imply release from criminal liability under the condition, including a monetary penalty.
Keywords: crime, criminal liability, release, court fine, foreign legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonikova T.I. Processual'nye osobennosti realizacii sudebnogo shtrafa kak instituta osvobozhdenija ot ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti // Molodoj uchenyj. 2019.# 44. S. 170-172
2. Belen'kova K.E. Istorija razvitija instituta osvobozhdenija ot ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti s naznacheniem sudebnogo shtrafa v rossijskom i zarubezhnom ugolovnom prave i processe: «Nauchno-prakticheskij jelektronnyj zhurnal Alleja Nauki». 2019. # 5 (32). S. 2
3. Bojcova V.V. Pravovaja sistema Niderlandov / pod. red. L.V. Bojcovoj. - M.: Izdatel'stvo «Zercalo», 1998. S. 272
4. Matveeva Ja.M. Institut osvobozhdenija ot ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti v rossijskom ugolovnom prave: modernizacija i poisk al'ternativnyh sposobov uregulirovanija ugolovno-pravovogo konflikta: dis. ... k.ju.n.:2016.- 222 s. S. 81.
5. Mingalimova M.F. Uchet mnenija poterpevshego pri naznachenii nakazanija // Vestnik Kazanskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2018. # 2 (32)
6. Ugolovnyj kodeks Gollandii ot 3 marta 1881 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://wetten.overheid.nl/BWBR0001854/volledig/geldigheidsdatum_20-02-2015 (data obrashhenija 07.03.2020).
7. Ugolovnyj kodeks Bel'gii ot 1867 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.legislationline.org/documents/section/criminal-codes. (data obrashhenija 07.03.2020).
8. UPK FRG ot 1950 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.legislationline.org/download/id/6117/file/Germany_CPC_1950_am_2014_en.pdf (data obrashhenija 07.03.2020).
9. Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1987/41/enacted#top (data obrashhenija 04.03.2020)
10. French Code of Criminal Procedure, adopted in 1958.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/content/download/1958/13719/version/3/file/Code_34.pdf (data obrashhenija 05.03.2020).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Moiseeva A. K.
Preventing acts of facilitating terrorist activities in the contex of the coronavirus pandemic СOVID-19
The article examines the main threats associated with the initiation of terrorism in the context of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic.
It is concluded that if the regulatory framework for combating terrorism and acts of terrorism causes terrorism in most states that use current trends, the practical work of law enforcement agencies needs major changes related to effectively countering new terrorist risks caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Keywords: coronavirus, pandemic, COVID-19, terrorism, acts of terrorism, the impact of coronavirus on security, assistance to terrorism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Mezhdunarodnaja konvencija o bor'be s finansirovaniem terrorizma (Prinjata rezoljuciej 54/109 General'noj Assamblei OON ot 9 dekabrja 1999 goda).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/terfin.shtml.
2. Ackerman, Gary, and Hayley Peterson. Terrorism and COVID-19: Actual and Potential Impacts. // Perspectives on Terrorism. - Vol. 14. - # 3. – 2020. - Pp. 5973. JSTOR.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: www.jstor.org/stable/26918300 (accessed: 26 Aug. 2020).
3. Arianti, V., and Muh Taufiqurrohman. Security Implications of COVID-19 for Indonesia. Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses. - Vol. 12. - # 3. – 2020. - Pp. 1317. JSTOR. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: www.jstor.org/stable/26915445 (accessed: 26 Aug. 2020).
4. Chi, Hsin, et al. “One-Seventh of Patients with COVID-19 Had Olfactory and Gustatory Abnormalities as Their Initial Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Life 10.9 (2020): 158.
5. Coronavirus rallies: Germany’s growing anti-lockdown movement. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.dw.com/en/germany-protests-coronavirus/a-54456654.
6. Criminal Code of the French Republic (2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.legislationline.org/documents/section/criminal-codes/country/30/France/show.
7. Fetzer, Thiemo, et al. “Perceptions of Coronavirus Mortality and Contagiousness Weaken Economic Sentiment.” arXiv preprint arXiv:2003.03848 (2020).
8. Flaskerud, Jacquelyn H. “Masks, Politics, Culture and Health.” Issues in Mental Health Nursing (2020): 1-4.
9. Global risk forecast for 2020. The impact of catastrophic events on global GDP? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://forinsurer.com/news/19/12/27/37568(accessed 26 April, 2020) (in Russian).
10. Meierrieks, D., & Gries, T. (2013). Causality between terrorism and economic growth. Journal of Peace Research. – 50 (1). – P. 91-104. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022343312445650.
11. Steele, Howard. “COVID-19, FEAR AND THE FUTURE: AN ATTACHMENT PERSPECTIVE.” Clinical Neuropsychiatry 17.2 (2020).
12. The Penal Code of Italy (2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://www.drze.de/in-focus/euthanasia/modules/the-penal-code-of-italy?set_language=en.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Polichnaya T. E.
On the question of the ratio of the elements of crimes provided for in Articles 148 and 239 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
This article is devoted to a comparative analysis of the offences provided for in articles 148 and 239 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The author explores this issue from the perspective of the practice of applying the above-mentioned criminal law norms and taking into account the existing scientific points of view regarding the regulation and implementation of criminal liability for acts violating the right to freedom of conscience and religion, as well as related to the establishment and functioning of non-profit organizations that violate the personality and rights of citizens. On the basis of the study, ways to improve criminal legislation and its application are proposed.
Keywords: a non-profit organization that infringes on the personality and rights of citizens, Crimes against public health and public morals, Crimes against constitutional human and civil rights and freedoms, Insulting religious feelings of believers, Freedom of conscience and religion, criminal liability.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bespal'ko V. G. Ugolovno-pravovaja ohrana religioznyh otnoshenij // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. –2014. – # 7. – S. 41-50.
2. Vinokurov V. N. Predmet ugolovno-pravovogo regulirovanija i granicy ob"ekta prestuplenija // Ugolovnoe pravo. – 2019. – # 3. – S. 15-19.
3. Vinokurov V. N. Ustanovlenie interesov sub"ektov otnoshenij i konkretizacija ob"ekta prestuplenija// Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2018.– # 12. – S. 131-141.
4. Volkov A. V. Opyt prokuratury Orenburgskoj oblasti po protivodejstviju religioznym organizacijam destruktivnogo tolka // Prokuror. – 2016. – #2. – S. 98 - 100.
5. Kazancev D. A. K voprosu ob ugolovno-pravovoj ohrane religioznyh chuvstv verujushhih // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2019. – # 9. – S. 36-40.
6. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (nauchno-prakticheskij, postatejnyj). –6-e izd. pererab. i dop./ pod red. N. G. Kadnikova.– M.: ID «Jurisprudencija», 2019. – 1096 s.
7. Kondrashev A. A. O pravovyh i «nepravovyh» zakonah: kriterii otgranichenija i rossijskaja pravovaja real'nost' // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2019. – # 11. – S. 3-8.
8. Mondohonov A. N. Ponjatie, priznaki i vidy prestupnyh ob"edinenij // Zakonnost'. – 2020. – # 3.– S. 50-54.
9. Rozenko S. Nasilie kak priznak prestuplenija, predusmotrennogo ch. 1 st. 239 UK RF «Sozdanie nekommercheskoj organizacii, posjagajushhej na lichnost' i prava grazhdan» // Ugolovnoe pravo. –2014.–# 5. –S. 87-89.
10. Shul'ga R. Ju. Voprosy morali i nravstvennosti v fokuse pravovogo regulirovanija: rossijskij i zarubezhnyj kontekst // Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. –2019. –# 12. –S. 56-61.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Guseva I. I., Zubkov V. N.
About some contradictions in determining the amount of compensation for non-pecuniary damage
The article highlights the existing problems in modern practice that prevent an objective assessment of the amount of compensation for non-pecuniary damage. Attention is drawn to the
existing contradictions and different approaches in the methods proposed in the scientific literature for determining the total amount to be reimbursed. The authors offer their own vision of the individual estimated coefficients included in the calculation. The conclusion is made about the need for an early resolution of the problem by developing the optimal version of the methodological support of judges for making objective decisions.
Keywords: moral damage, compensation, method, criteria, estimated coefficient, estimated coefficient.
Work bibliographic list
1. Guseva I.I., Zubkov V.N. Novye podhody k metodike opredelenija razmera kompensacii moral'nogo vreda v svjazi s prichineniem vreda zdorov'ju i zhizni grazhdan // Rossijskaja justicija. 2019. # 1. C. 62-65.
2. Guseva I.I., Zubkov V.N. Osobennosti opredelenija razmera kompensacii moral'nogo vreda v svjazi s prichineniem vreda zdorov'ju i zhizni grazhdan //Rossijskaja justicija. 2018. # 9. S. 34-37.
3. Duljasova M.V., Strizhkova N.V. Formalizovannoe reshenie zadach v oblasti ocenki moral'nogo ushherba rabotniku vsledstvie povrezhdenija zdorov'ja //Voprosy ocenki. 2004. # 1. S. 24-30.
4. Kashin V.I. Resursy zdorov'ja — ob"ekt ocenki rynochnoj jekonomiki // Voprosy ocenki. 2003. # 2. S. 38-41.
5. Klimovich E.S. Prezumpcija moral'nogo vreda // Zakon. 2007. # 8.
6. Tolstikov N.I. Vozmeshhenie moral'nogo vreda (matematika na sluzhbe prava) // Vestnik instituta:prestuplenie, nakazanie, ispravlenie. 2008. # 3. S. 72-75.
7. Jerdelevskij A.M. Moral'nyj vred i kompensacija za stradanija. Nauchno-prakticheskoe posobie. M.:Izdatel'stvo Vek. 1998.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Dorosinskaya A. M.
Decision on the appointment of an examination: issues of the implementation of the rights arising in connection with the adoption of this decision by the participants in criminal proceedings
In this article, the author has conducted a study of the norms of criminal procedural legislation that affect the implementation of rights by participants in criminal proceedings in connection with the issuance of a decision on the appointment of a forensic examination. The issue of subjects who have the right to make a decision on the appointment of an examination, including before the initiation of a criminal case, is considered in detail. The author proposes to amend the Criminal Procedure Code regarding the temporary moment of granting the right to familiarize themselves with the decision on the appointment of an examination to all interested parties. The author’s position on the need to familiarize oneself with the decision on examination, which is made before the initiation of a criminal case, is presented.
Keywords: forensic examination, resolution on the appointment of an examination, investigator, interrogator, familiarization with the resolution on the appointment of an examination.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belousova E. A. O nekotoryh problemah naznachenija i proizvodstva sudebnoj jekspertizy // Uchenye zapiski Sankt-Peterburgskogo imeni V. B. Bobkova filiala Rossijskoj tamozhennoj akademii. – 2016.– # 4 (60). – S. 93-97.
2. Rasulova N. S. Problemy ogranichenija prav uchastnikov ugolovnogo processa v stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela pri proizvodstve sudebnoj jekspertizy // Vestnik Ural'skogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2014. – # 4. – S. 43-45.
3. Samarceva K. N. Osobennosti naznachenija i proizvodstva jekspertizy na predvaritel'nom sledstvii// Alleja nauki. – 2018. – T. 3. – # 8 (24). – S. 568-571.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Zaytseva E. V.
Criminal procedure and organizational aspects of the investigation of fraud in housing sphere
The article is devoted to certain problematic issues of organization of investigation of crimes in housing sphere. Attention is focused on the stage of initiation of a criminal case, algorithm of actions of law enforcement officers, the organization of interaction between services.
Keywords: the institution of criminal proceedings, housing sphere, fraud, estate object.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avhadeeva L. Sh. Obman kak sposob sovershenija moshennichestva v sfere zhilishhnogo stroitel'stva //Mir zakona. - 2017. - # 3 (179). - S. 35-38.
2. Zajceva E. V. Specifika ispol'zovanija special'nyh znanij pri rassledovanii prestuplenij jekonomicheskoj napravlennosti // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2014. - # 4 (31). - S.100-104.
3. Menzhega M. M. Problemnye voprosy razgranichenija moshennichestva i grazhdansko-pravovyh otnoshenij // Jurist. - 2019. - # 8. - S. 74-77.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Zakeryaev M. M., Nutsalhanov G. N.
Checking the grounds for initiating a criminal case
In ensuring the right of citizens to protection from criminal encroachments and access to justice, which is enshrined in Article 52 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the activities of investigative bodies at the stage of initiating criminal cases are of the utmost importance. Without a timely, lawful and well-founded decision to initiate criminal proceedings, it is impossible to carry out criminal prosecution and further protect and ensure the rights of victims. The stage of initiation of a criminal case, being the initial stage of pre-trial proceedings in the Russian criminal process, since its appearance in the criminal process, has given rise to a number of problems of a theoretical and practical nature, which will be considered in this article.
Keywords: grounds for initiating a criminal case, reporting a crime, verifying a report of a crime, turning himself in, a reason for initiating a criminal case.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 15.10.2020)[Jelektronnyj resurs] // Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Kompleksnyj analiz sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii i raschetnye varianty ee razvitija: analiticheskij obzor / Ju. M. Antonjan, D. A. Brazhnikov, M. V. Goncharova. M.: FGKU «VNII MVD Rossii», 2018. 86 s.
3. Koroljov G.N. Dosledstvennaja proverka kak chast' dosudebnogo proizvodstva. M.: Jurlitinform, 2018. 166 s.
4. Petrov A.V. Predely proverki soobshhenija o prestuplenii i processual'nye sposoby ee osushhestvlenija // Zakonnost'. 2012. # 5. S. 49-54.
5. Rjapolova Ja.P. Processual'nye dejstvija, provodimye v stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela: pravovye, teoreticheskie i organizacionnye osnovy: avto-ref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.09. M., 2013. 27 s.
6. Siverskaja L.A. Rassmotrenie soobshhenija o prestuplenii: pravovoe regulirovanie i processual'nyj porjadok. Kostroma, 2017. 106 s.
7. Halikov A.N. Sobiranie dokazatel'stv v hode proverki soobshhenija o prestuplenii // Zakonnost'. 2013. # 12. S. 54-57.
8. Chovrebova I.A. Novye processual'nye sredstva proverki soobshhenij o prestuplenii: chto izmenilos'? // Rossijskij sledovatel'. 2013. # 21. S. 22-24.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Rastoropov S. V.
Possibilities of punitive legislation in the treatment of diseases: on the completeness of the measures applied
In the conditions of modern society, connivance at the spread of diseases that pose a threat to society is considered criminal, especially in correctional institutions with a large concentration of people in a limited space. We are talking, in particular, about such diseases as mental disorder, which does not exclude sanity, associated with a danger to oneself or others; alcoholism; addiction; substance abuse; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease; tuberculosis; venereal diseases, etc. Currently, within the framework of Part 2 of Art. 18 of the CEC of the Russian Federation, this list can be supplemented with a new disease - coronavirus infection (2019-nCoV), for which, according to the decision of the medical commission, every convicted person must undergo treatment.
It should be noted that many diseases with a high human mortality rate require preventive measures. Note that a number of norms of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation lack an integrated approach to the treatment of the disease. The legislator does not in all cases assume their cumulative purpose in the criminal law. So, their combination is indicated in the provisions of Art. 72.1 and 82.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation regarding the treatment of drug addiction, other norms: 73, 79 and 99 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, as well as parts 2, 3 of Art. 18 of the RF PEC - do not imply such a requirement, but are theoretically possible within the framework of probation and parole.
Thus, in the domestic legislation, under similar conditions for the presence of a disease, different approaches are provided depending on the applied measure of criminal law. This implies the need to address the issue of the complexity of the measures taken to achieve the goals of treating the disease - the presence of the disease is not always properly taken into account when making a court decision in connection with the commission of a criminal act, and in many cases this is not possible due to the restrictions provided for by law.
Keywords: the right to health, the obligation to undergo treatment, an integrated approach to the treatment of socially dangerous diseases, approaches to the legal regulation of treatment in the criminal law.
Work bibliographic list
1. O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. zakon ot 25 nojabrja 2013 g. # 313-FZ // Sobr. Zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. - 2013. - # 48. - St. 6161.
2. O vnesenii izmenenija v perechen' zabolevanij, predstavljajushhih opasnost' dlja okruzhajushhih: postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 31 janvarja 2020g. # 66 // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001202002030005 (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
3. Ob osnovah ohrany zdorov'ja grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. zakon ot 21 nojabrja 2011 g. # 323 FZ // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. - 2011.- # 48. - St. 6724.
4. Ob utverzhdenii perechnja social'no znachimyh zabolevanij i perechnja zabolevanij, predstavljajushhih opasnost' dlja okruzhajushhih: rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva ot 1 dekabrja 2004 g. # 715 // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. - 2004. - # 49. - St. 4916.
5. Antonjan Ju. M. Prestupniki iz chisla bednyh // Lex russica (Russkij zakon). - 2018. - # 9 (142). - S. 68-74.
6. Gauhman L. D. Nestabil'nost' ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva kak ugroza razrushenija pravoporjadka //Trudy Instituta gosudarstva i prava Rossijskoj akademii nauk. - 2014. - # 3. - S. 87-107.
7. Moskvitina Je. A., Janovich E. G., Kurilenko M. L., Kruglikov V. D., Titova S. V., Levchenko D. A., Vodop'janov A. S., Lopatin A. A., Ivanova S. M., Mishan'kin B. M., Krivenko A. S., Anisimova G. B., Noskov A. K. Holera: monitoring jepidemiologicheskoj obstanovki v mire i Rossii (2010-2019 gg.). Prognoz na 2020 g // Problemy osobo opasnyh infekcij. - 2020.- # 2. - S. 38-47.
8. Otchet o chisle privlechennyh k ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti i vidah ugolovnogo nakazanija za 12 mesjacev 2019 g. // Sudebnyj departament pri Verhovnom Sude Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79&item=5259 (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
9. Seliverstov V. I. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja politika Rossii: fantazii i realii // v sbornike: Sovremennye problemy ugolovnoj politiki. V Mezhdunarodnaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija. Pod redakciej A. N. Il'jashenko. - 2014. - S. 82-91.
10. Situacija po tuberkulezu v uchrezhdenijah FSIN Rossii // Federal'naja sluzhba ispolnenija nakazanij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://fsin.rf/structure/medicine/msock/tbc_UIS/ (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
11. Harakteristika lic, soderzhashhihsja v ispravitel'nyh kolonijah dlja vzroslyh // Federal'naja sluzhba ispolnenija nakazanij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fsin.gov.ru/structure/inspector/iao/statistika/Xar-ka%20lic%20sodergahixsya%20v%20
IK/ (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Stanovaia O. V. Chetverous A. N.
Problematic issues of the formation, maintenance, use of forensic recording of shoe soles traces and the appointment of traceological examinations for these traces
Analysis of expert practice shows that when examining the scene of an incident, footprints are
very often removed. According to the order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia No. 70 of February 10, 2006 “On the organization of the use of forensic records of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation”, the corresponding records are kept on these traces- records of shoe soles.
This article discusses some of the problems faced by experts in the formation, maintenance and use of this accounting, and also offers a way to solve these problems, which can improve the efficiency of work with it.
The article also discusses issues related to the appointment of traceological examinations by investigators based on the identified coincidences, as a result of checking footprints for this account.
Keywords: traces of shoe soles, forensic accounting, individual characteristics, group affiliation, traceological examination.
Work bibliographic list
1. Krimmedteh. Jekspertnaja sistema sledov obuvi.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://kmtkazan.ru/node/258 (data obrashhenija: 29.01.2021).
2. Jejhval'd N. L. Materialy kriminalisticheskih chtenij /pod red. O. V. Kruglikovoj. – Barnaul: Barnaul'skij juridicheskij institut MVD Rossii, 2020. – S. 91-92.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Talyneva Z. Z., Lifanova M. V.
The need to form a conciliatory nature of the activities of the world court in cases of private prosecution as a real necessity
Тhe article deals with the concept and features of reconciliation in cases of private prosecution.
Also analyzed are certain aspects of the activities of the World Court, formulated proposals for improving the conciliatory nature in cases of private prosecution with the involvement of a psychologist. The improvement of judicial activity requires further development of the institution of private prosecution, which will protect the rights of private individuals who have suffered from crime.
Keywords: magistrate’s court, private prosecution cases, specialist, psychologist, conciliatory nature, legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Doroshkov V. V., Patov N. A. Osobennosti ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva u mirovogo sud'i. // Rossijskij sud'ja. – 2002. – # 4. – S. 22-28.
2. Ezhova E. V. Jevoljucija pravovyh pozicij Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii po voprosu o samostojatel'nosti suda v ugolovnom processe// Vestnik Instituta prava Bashkirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2020. – # 4. – S. 83-87.
3. Kozachenko I. Ja., Sergeev D. N, Vasil'ev A. M. Primirenie v prave: kompromiss ili ustupka? Obzor XVII mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii pamjati M. I. Kovaleva // Rossijskoe pravo: obrazovanie, praktika, nauka. – 2020. – # 3. – S. 108-126.
4. Papysheva E. S. K voprosu o nekotoryh polnomochijah prokurora v ugolovnom processe i proizvodstve po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah //Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. – 2020. –# 1 (59). – S. 66-74.
5. Popova I. P., Ivanova A. L. Realizacija principa sostjazatel'nosti storon na dosudebnyh stadijah ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva v RF i zarubezhnyh stranah // Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika.– 2020. – # 3 (61). – S. 108-119.
6. Talyneva Z. Z. Osobennosti ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva po delam chastnogo obvinenija: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Cheljabinsk, 2009. – 182 s.
7. Fojnickij I. Ja. Kurs ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva. T. 1. – SPb.: Al'fa, 1996. – 552 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Khakunov A. M., Napsokov A. R.
Features of interrogation of the accused after indictment
Authors of the article claim that at present the topic of the features of the interrogation of the accused after the indictment is relevant not only for theoretical study, but also for practical use by the investigating authorities. The article considers the features of the interrogation of the person charged and the tactics of its conduct, as well as the significance for criminal proceedings.
Authors of the article, when systematizing the material, conclude that it is necessary to choose the right tactics when interrogating the accused after the prosecution and studying the features of this investigative action.
Keywords: accused, interrogation, peculiarities, investigative action, criminal proceedings, trial
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 08.12.2020) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 19.12.2020).
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 30.12.2020).
3. Kurs ugolovnogo processa / pod red. d.ju.n., prof. L.V. Golovko. - 2-e izd., ispr. - M.: Statut, 2017. - 1280 s.
4. Kriminalistika: uchebnik/ pod red. d.ju.n., professora V. D. Zelenskogo i d.ju.n., professora G. M. Meretukova. - SPb.: Izdatel'stvo «Juridicheskij centr», 2015. - 704 s.
5. Rychkalova L. A. Problemy taktiki doprosa podozrevaemogo, obvinjaemogo / L. A. Rychkalova // Obshhestvo i pravo. - 2014. - #4. - S. 207-210.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Kharzinova V. M.
Some features of the application of a preventive measure «prohibition of certain actions»
The article deals with topical issues of the application of a preventive measure “the prohibition of certain actions”. The possibility of considering the prohibition of certain actions as the main and additional measure of restraint. It is proposed to make additions to paragraph 6 of Article 106.1 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, which will indicate that the ban on certain actions as a preventive measure can be applied not only when the latter is imposed, but also when applying such preventive measures as bail, house arrest. Moreover, this is dictated by the provisions of Articles 106 and 107 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation. In addition, the analysis of the legal norm of Article 105.1 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation is given.
It is noted that the terms of imposing a ban on certain actions, as well as house arrest, should be counted in terms of imprisonment under special rules. It is proposed to equate three days of the ban on certain actions to one day of imprisonment.
Keywords: preventive measure, accused, prohibition of certain actions, bail, house arrest, detention, state bodies, officials, term of prohibition of certain actions, constitutional rights and freedoms, impartiality, professionalism, judicial proceedings, humane treatment, criminal proceedings.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii” ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 08.12.2020) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 19.12.2020).
2. Harzinova V. M. Ponjatie i vidy mer processual'nogo prinuzhdenija. // Probely v Rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2018. - # 5. - S. 221.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Abolmasova T. E.
Influence of religion on the process of correction of convicts in prison
The article examines the influence of religious activities on the process of correction of those sentenced to imprisonment. The author focuses on the issue of the direction of the impact of religious activities on the personality of convicts serving sentences in correctional institutions, addresses the issue of interaction of means of correction of convicts and religious activities as one of these means, evaluates the effect of religious influence on convicts in modern conditions.
In the history of most countries, religion was the main way to influence consciousness, which allowed it to eventually become the main ideology for creating legal norms, the starting point of development, and improving the mechanisms for their implementation.
Many legal norms are based on moral, moral and religious principles, since the main goal of both law and religion is the ability to regulate people’s behavior, only the ways of such regulation differ here, which are voluntary in religion, and legal norms are fixed by law and provided with the possibility of state coercion.
In places of deprivation of liberty, the role of religion is particularly strong, since there are people who have committed a crime under the influence of various situational factors and who do not have stable social attitudes. Traditionally, people who have committed a crime have a negative attitude to the justice system and consider the decisions of the courts to be extremely unfair in assessing their identity and the committed act. For many of them, punishment often is not associated with their criminal behavior, and justice ends with the announcement of a guilty verdict. Trying to oppose themselves to the administration of correctional institutions, prisoners in places of imprisonment sabotage participation in educational activities. For many of them, communication with clergy is more preferable than with correctional officers, since such communication is based on a voluntary basis and helps to temporarily forget the reality of “prison punishment”. For convicts, religion becomes an important means of spiritual and moral correction, giving them hope for spiritual rebirth and rethinking their lives.
Keywords: religion, faith, prisoners sentenced to imprisonment, means of correction of prisoners, religious influence, freedom of religion, execution of punishment, traditional confessions
Work bibliographic list
1. Abdurazakov A. A. Ob"ektivnaja interpretacija religioznyh norm, kak osnovnoj faktor vospitanija i ispravlenija osuzhdennogo // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2017. – # 1 (104).– S. 340-341.
2. Bachinin V.A. Penologija i hristianstvo (o prave osuzhdennogo na duhovnoe vozrozhdenie) // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2008. – # 2. – S. 28-31.
3. Kosilova D.A., Maksimova V.E. Mezhdunarodno-pravovaja zashhita religioznyh prav i svobod osuzhdennyh v uchrezhdenijah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy i ih realizacija // Nauchnoe soobshhestvo studentov: mezhdisciplinarnye issledovanija: sb.st. po materialam XIV Mezhdunar. stud. nauch.-prakt. konf. – 2017. – # 3 (14). C. 132-138. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sibac.info/archive (data obrashhenija: 06.12.2020).
4. Malikov B.Z. Osobennosti sociuma mest izoljacii osuzhdennyh i problemy realizacii ih prava na svobodu sovesti i veroispovedovanija // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema: na sovremennom jetape razvitija nauki i praktiki. Mat-ly Mezhd. nauch.-prakt. konf. – Samara, 2016. – S. 236.
5. Malikov B.Z. Obshhestvennoe vozdejstvie – sredstvo ispravlenija osuzhdennyh, i rol' v nem religioznogo aspekta // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. –2018. – T. 13 (1-4). # 2. – S. 146-151.
6. Samojlova A.A. Osnovnye sredstva ispravlenija osuzhdennyh // Alleja Nauki. – 2018. – # 6 (22). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.alley-science.ru (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2021).
7. Slovar' obshhestvennyh nauk / avt.-sost: E. A. Podol'skaja, D. E. Pogorelyj, V. D. Lihvar. – Rostov n/D, 2006.
8. Kratkaja harakteristika ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.fsin.su/structure/inspector/statistika (Data obrashhenija: 13.01.2021).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Kudzhaev D. Ya., Abdulaev K. M.
Vocational education and training of convicts
Vocational education and training of persons sentenced to deprivation of liberty are not only one of the main means of their correction, but are also intended to contribute to the effective organization of work. In the article, the author analyzes the norms of the current legislation of the Russian Federation on the organization of certain types of professional training of convicts, identifies problems and possible ways to solve them.
Keywords: penal enforcement law, vocational education, vocational training, prisoners sentenced to imprisonment, correctional institutions, correctional facilities, resocialization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Boltkov S. N., Karpenko M. P. Obrazovanie cherez sputnik // Prestuplenie i nakazanie. – # 4. 2005.– S. 2-3.
2. Vasjutovich T. V. Ispol'zovanie distancionnyh tehnologij pri rabote s osuzhdennymi // Mezhregional'naja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija «Professional'noe obrazovanie v uslovijah distancionnogo obuchenija. Dostizhenija, problemy, perspektivy». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.muh.ru/arch.
3. Detkov M. G. Soderzhanie penitenciarnoj politiki Rossijskogo gosudarstva i ee realizacija v sisteme ispolnenija ugolovnogo nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody v period 1917 – 1930 godov. // RIPK rabotnikov MVD Rossii. – M.,1992.
4. Zubarev S. M. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo //Konspekt lekcij. 4 izdanie, ispravlennoe i dopolnennoe. – M., 2010.
5. Kalinin Ju. I. Advokatov vospityvajut na narah //Rossijskaja gazeta. – # 233 (4199). – 18 oktjabrja 2006 g.
6. Kitrova E. V., Kuz'min V. A., Burkova E. A. Kommentarij k Zakonu Rossijskoj Federacii ot 21 ijulja 1993 g. # 5473-I «Ob uchrezhdenijah i organah, ispolnjajushhih ugolovnye nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody» (pod red. N. S. Manovoj). – M., 2013.
7. Onishhuk V. V. Sostojanie i perspektivy professional'nogo obrazovanija osuzhdennyh k lisheniju svobody // Politika i pravo. Uchenye zapiski. Vypusk
8. – Blagoveshhensk: Amurskij gosudarstvennyj universitet UKC «Jurist», 2008. –S. 7.8. CGAOR. –F. 4042. –Op. 2. –D. 2. –L. 75.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Maltseva S. N., Geranin V. V., Epifanov O. S.
Some issues of improving the execution of punishment in correctional colonies
Тhe article discusses the issues of improving the management of a collective of convicts to imprisonment, the activities of amateur organizations of convicts, the living conditions of convicts in correctional colonies, execution and serving of sentences in penal colonies.
Keywords: convict, penal colonies, correctional colonies of general, strict, special regimes, correctional institutions, improvement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Geranin V. V., Mal'ceva S. N., Kuz'min S. S. Samookupaemost' kak osnovnoj priznak jeffektivnosti ugolovnyh nakazanij // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2019. – # 3 (130). – S. 224-226.
2. Epifanov O. S. Nekotorye problemy ispolnenija nakazanija v kolonijah-poselenijah // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. – 2010. – # 1 (68). – S. 16-19.
3. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo / pod obshh. red. G.A. Kornienko; nauch. red. A. Ja. Grishko, V. N. Chornyj. – 3-e izd., ispr. i dop. – Rjazan': Akademija FSIN Rossii, 2013. – 822 s.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Rastoropova O. V.
Is it permissible for a gross violation of the regime of serving a sentence to place convicts held in medical correctional institutions (LIU) in a penal isolation cell (SHIZO)?:statement of the problem and the author’s comment
The problem of the execution of criminal penalties in relation to sick convicts is very relevant, given the significant increase in the total number of patients with tuberculosis, alcoholism, and drug addiction arriving in medical and correctional institutions (LIU). Its resolution is largely determined by the specifics of the organization of the relevant penal enforcement process, the level of material support of correctional institutions, including the state of affairs in health care and treatment of patients.
The LIU is a very specific institution where, along with serving a criminal sentence imposed by the court, including punitive and educational effects on the convicted person, a complex of therapeutic and preventive measures is carried out to provide the necessary medical care.
It is important to understand that the correct formulation and implementation of the tasks facing the LIU is of fundamental importance not only for the implementation of punishment, but also for the preservation of the health of sick convicts.
It should be noted that the serving of sentences by persons sentenced to deprivation of liberty, held on medical grounds in the LIU, is associated with a number of gaps in legal regulation, one of which is the lack of regulation at the level of the PEC of the Russian Federation of the issue of the possibility of placing a convicted person in a penal isolation cell (SHIZO) in the process of applying a penalty measure to him for gross violation of the established procedure for serving a
criminal sentence.
Comparing the relevant norms of the PEC of the Russian Federation and the PIR of institutions, the author expressed her attitude to the designated problem and reflected it in this publication.
Keywords: the right to health protection, medical correctional institutions, medical and preventive institutions, medical care, recovery, gross violation of the order of serving a sentence, placement in a penal isolation cell.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zhdanov Ju., Kuznecov S., Ovchinskij V. COVID-19:prestupnost', kiberbezopasnost', obshhestvo, policija. - M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 2020.
2. Kim V. V. Problemy primenenija mer vzyskanija k osuzhdennym, nahodjashhimsja na lechenii v medicinskih organizacijah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // Vedomosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. - 2017. - # 3 (178). - S. 23-25.
3. Useev R. Z. Vodvorenie, perevod i uslovija soderzhanija osuzhdennyh v shtrafnyh izoljatorah i pomeshhenijah kamernogo tipa ispravitel'nyh kolonij.- Samara, 2012.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Ulendeeva N. I.
Organizational and legal regulation of public-private partnership in industrial production activities of correctional institutions
The article examines the organizational and legal mechanism of public-private and municipal-private partnership in the creation of joint ventures correctional facilities and commercial structures; the content of the concepts of public-private and municipal-private partnership; the features of public-private partnership in the regulation of attracting private investment in the production activities of enterprises of the penal system, which, due to the specifics of technical and economic indicators, will have a fairly reliable guaranteed performance of obligations under the agreements adopted, are highlighted.
Keywords: partnerships, public-private partnerships, correctional facilities, industrial activities, entrepreneurship, joint ventures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belik V. N. Gosudarstvenno-chastnoe partnerstvo v penitenciarnoj sfere: otdel'nye aspekty ispolnenija ugolovnyh nakazanij // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2017. - # 423. - S. 202-206.
2. Gosudarstvennaja Duma Federal'nogo sobranija Rossijskoj Federacii Shestogo sozyva. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://asozd2.duma.gov.ru/addwork/ scans.nsf/ID/A52085F2C2217A7943257EE40050C339/$File/908482-6.PDF?OpenElement (data obrashhenija:27.02.2021).)
3. Koljagin S. O. K opredeleniju ponjatija chastno-gosudarstvennoe partnerstvo// Strategicheskoe planirovanie razvitija territorij. Opyt. Sovremennye tendencii. Perspektivy: materialy mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prakticheskogo foruma. - Elec: Eleckij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2014. - S. 459-469.
4. Koljagin S. O. Chastno-gosudarstvennoe partnerstvo: ponjatie, normativnaja baza // Social'no-jekonomicheskie javlenija i processy. - 2014. - # 9. - S. 45-47.
5. Makarova N. A. O koncepcii reformy ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy S. M. Petrova, G. A. Tumanova //Vestnik Samarskogo juridicheskogo instituta. - 2019. -# 1 (32). - S. 70-73.
6. Shamsunov S. H. Chastnye tjur'my v mire: nuzhny li oni sovremennoj Rossii? // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema: pravo, jekonomika, upravlenie. - 2016. - # 3. -S. 25-28.

CRIMINALISTICS
Ardashev R. G.
On the forensic medical characteristics of the facts of suicide, which outwardly resembles a murder
The article describes cases of suicide when people harmed themselves, causing injuries that seemingly could not have been self-inflicted. It is stated that such cases require heightened scrutiny in the work of investigators and forensic experts, as erroneous conclusions can negatively affect the overall outcome of the case. The effectiveness of modern methods of forensic medical research is shown, which indicates the need for an integrated expert approach when assessing the possibility of causing several fatal injuries to themselves by the victims. The article notes that said cases commonly cause various contrived theories to appear in the media.
Keywords: rare cases of suicide, crime scene staging, active actions of mortally wounded.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ardashev R. G. Voprosy teorii i praktiki rassledovanija ubijstv, soprjazhennyh s postkriminal'nym suicidom pravonarushitelja: monografija. - Irkutsk: Izd-vo IrGTU, 2013.
2. Ardashev R. G. Rassledovanie ubijstv, soprjazhennyh s postkriminal'nym suicidom lica, sovershivshego prestuplenie: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. 12.00.12:BFU im. I. Kanta. - Kaliningrad, 2017.
3. Gustov G. A. Programmno-celevoj metod organizacii raskrytija ubijstv: Uchebnoe posobie. - SPb., 1993.
4. Isakov V. D., Nazarov Ju. V. Redkij sluchaj samoubijstva iz ognestrel'nogo oruzhija // sudebno-medicinskaja jekspertiza. - 2018. - # 5.
5. Nazarov Ju. V., Isakov V. D., Karavaev V. M. K ocenke vozmozhnosti nanesenija sebe neskol'kih smertel'nyh povrezhdenij samim postradavshim // Sudebno-medicinskaja jekspertiza. - 2018. - # 5.
6. Obrazcov V. A., Bogomolova S. N. Kriminalisticheskaja psihologija. - M., 2002.
7. Osmotr trupa na meste ego obnaruzhenija: Rukovodstvo. Pod red. A. A. Matysheva. - SPb., 1997.
8. Popov V. L. Sudebno-medicinskaja kazuistika. - L., 1991.
9. Sapozhnikov Ju. S. Vospominanija sudebnogo medika. - Kiev, 1966.
10. Semenov A. V., Zimina L. A. Neobychnye sluchai mehanicheskoj asfiksii s letal'nym ishodom // Sudebno-medicinskaja jekspertiza. - 2017. - # 1.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Erokhin R. A., Antonenko A. E.
Application of innovative special technical means in ensuring road safety in the Russian Federation
The article presents a study of the problem of ensuring road safety. Innovations are new achievements in technology and science that are the result of new technologies, means of communication, new ways of technical and organizational management. Improving the state of road safety is very much in demand in ensuring stable development at the international level. Such a problem as road safety arose even before the advent of road transport, but only with its appearance faced the society with all the acuteness.
Keywords: road users, road safety, traffic accident, innovative developments, technical devices.
Work bibliographic list
1. Blinkin M.Ja. Bezopasnost' dorozhnogo dvizhenija:istorija voprosa, mezhdunarodnyj opyt, bazovye institucii. – M.: ID VShJe, 2018.
2. Ganzha V. M., Gusev R. A. Gosudarstvennaja inspekcija bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija. – M.: Liki Rossii, 2017.
3. Gorev A. Je., Oleshhenko E. M. Organizacija avtomobil'nyh perevozok i bezopasnost' dvizhenija: uchebnoe posobie dlja stud. vyssh. prof. obrazovanija. –M.: IC Akademija, 2018.
4. Pjatnickij L. N. Bezopasnost' dorozhnogo dvizhenija glazami fizika. Vypusk # 71. – M.: Vysshaja shkola, 2016.
5. Chvanov V. V. Metody ocenki i povyshenija bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija s uchetom uslovij raboty voditelja. – M.: INFRA-M., 2010.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Lonshchakova A. R.
Possibility of identification of criminally significant information in analysis of response on cyber-incidents
The article examines certain features of identifying criminally significant information in the analysis of cyber-incidents. The analysis of cyber incidents allows us to identify individual causes and conditions that contributed to the onset of a cyber incident. Based on the results of the study of the patterns of processes and phenomena in the field of information security, the most informative features (characteristics) of responding to cyber-incidents were identified.
Keywords: detection of forensically significant information, cyberincident, security of communication channels, warning, security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borodakij Ju. V, Dobrodeev A. Ju., Butusov I. V. Kiberbezopasnost' kak osnovnoj faktor nacional'noj i mezhdunarodnoj bezopasnosti XXІ veka (chast' 1) // Voprosy kibebezopasnosti. - # 4 (38). - 2013. - S. 3, 4.
2. GOST R MJeK 62443-2-1-2015. Nacional'nyj standart Rossijskoj Federacii. Seti kommunikacionnye promyshlennye. Zashhishhennost' (kiberbezopasnost') seti i sistemy. Chast' 2-1. Sostavlenie programmy obespechenija zashhishhennosti (kiberbezopasnosti) sistemy upravlenija i promyshlennoj avtomatiki (utv. i vveden v dejstvie Prikazom Rosstandarta ot 22.06.2015 #774-st).
3. Rashevskij R. B. Prakticheskoe primenenie VMWARE VSHIELD APP dlja obespechenija bezopasnosti virtual'nogo veb-servera // Vestnik Permskogo nacional'nogo issledovatel'skogo politehnicheskogo universiteta. Jelektrotehnika, informacionnye tehnologii, sistemy upravlenija. - 2014. - # 11. - S. 94-101.
4. Rashevskij R. B. Analiz problem setevoj bezopasnosti sistem jelektronnogo bankinga: sbornik nauchnyh rabot uchastnikov ezhegodnoj mezhdunarodnoj molodezhnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii v ramkah V mezhdunarodnogo foruma «Kak popast' v pjaterku?»
2018. Mezhdunarodnaja molodezhnaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija v ramkah V mezhdunarodnogo foruma «Kak popast' v pjaterku?». - Moskva. - 29 nojabrja 2018 goda.
5. Rashevskij R. B., Koz'minyh S. I. Metody vyjavlenija ugroz informacionnoj bezopasnosti posredstvom analiza setevyh vzaimodejstvij // Sbornik: informacionnaja bezopasnost' v bankovsko-finansovoj sfere.- Moskva, 2020. - S. 159-164.
6. Harisova Z. I., Lonshhakova A. R. Obespechenie prav i svobod grazhdanina v oblasti ispol'zovanija cifrovyh finansovyh aktivov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 3 (142). - S. 167-168.
7. Rashevskiy R. B., Shaburov A. S. BGP-HIJACKING ATTACKS: THEORETICAL BASIS AND PRACTICAL SCENARIOS. V sbornike: Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE Russia Section Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering Conference, ElConRus 2017. - 2017.- S. 208-212.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Maltseva S. N., Suleymanov T. A.
Organizational and criminalistic problems of solving crimes related to illegal trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances in institutions that provide isolation from society
Тhe article examines the issues related to the tactics of solving crimes committed in the CI. The
article shows the peculiarity of the production of tactical techniques in the CI in the suppression of illegal drug trafficking. The use of information on these techniques contributes to the adoption of the right tactical decisions in the production of investigative actions, operational-regime measures, contributes to the successful investigation of a criminal case.
Keywords: tactical techniques, illegal trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, correctional institution, investigative situation, investigative actions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kiseljov A. V., Borisenko K. A. Aktual'nye voprosy preduprezhdenija korrupcionnyh prestuplenij, svjazannyh s dostavkoj zapreshhennyh predmetov na territoriju ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij // Penitenciarnoe pravo: juridicheskaja teorija i pravo-primenitel'naja praktika. – 2017. – # 4. – S. 19-22.
2. Tkachuk T. A. Raskrytie, rassledovanie i preduprezhdenie prestuplenij, svjazannyh s nezakonnym oborotom narkoticheskih sredstv, sovershaemyh v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah. – Vladimir. 2018.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Poziy V. S.
Some features of the handwriting examination at the modern stage
The article examines the features of modern objects of handwriting examination, the main methods and techniques used in the implementation of handwriting examination are considered.
The problems of ordering and performing the examination identified as a result of the questionnaire survey of handwriting experts are studied, proposals on improving the quality of the production of handwriting examination are made.
Keywords: handwriting, handwriting examination, handwriting expert, investigator, questionnaire.
Work bibliographic list
1. Burinskij E. F. Jekspertiza pocherka. - M., 1956. - 150 s.
2. Golovanova M. A., Zaikina I. A. O primenenii grafologii v Rossii // Jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal «Nauka. Obshhestvo. Gosudarstvo» esj.pnzgu.ru 2014. - # 4 (8).- S. 2-10.
3. Istorija pocherkovedcheskoj jekspertizy. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ceur.ru/library/articles/pocherkovedcheskaja_jekspertiza/item130402/ (data obrashhenija: 10.01.2021).
4. Naznachenie pocherkovedcheskoj jekspertizy. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://pravo.studio/kriminalisticheskaya-tehnika/naznacheniepocherkovedcheskoy-ekspertizyi-75309.html (data obrashhenija: 10.01.2021).
5. Skripcova N. V. Aktual'nye problemy pri naznachenii i provedenii pocherkovedcheskoj jekspertizy. //«Obespechenie obshhestvennoj bezopasnosti i protivodejstvie prestupnosti: zadachi, problemy i perspektivy»: materialy Vseros. nauch.-prakt. konf. (25 oktjabrja 2019 g.). - Krasnodarskij universitet MVD Rossii, Krymskij filial, 2019. - S. 331-335.
6. Sudebno-pocherkovedcheskaja jekspertiza. Obshhaja chast':teoreticheskie i metodologicheskie osnovy / Pod nauch. red.: Orlova V. F. - 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. - M.: Nauka, 2006. - 544 c.
7. Jeksarhopulo A. A., Makarenko I. A., Zajnullin R. I. Kriminalistika: istorija i perspektivy razvitija: monografija. - M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2019. - 167 s.- Tekst: jelektronnyj // JeBS Jurajt [sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://biblio-online.ru/bcode/428029 (data obrashhenija: 10.01.2021).
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V., Bodko S. P., Seisebaev V. K.
Tactical features of a criminal case and the production of the original investigation in the investigation of illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances in a penal institutions
Тhe article examines the questions about the tactical features of the initiation of criminal proceedings and the production of initial investigative actions in the investigation of illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances in correctional institutions.
Keywords: features of initiation of criminal proceedings, narcotic and psychotropic substances, investigative actions in the police department, administration of the police department.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz Minjusta RF ot 11 ijulja 2006 g. # 250 «Ob utverzhdenii Instrukcii o prieme, registracii i proverke v uchrezhdenijah i organah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy soobshhenij o prestuplenijah i proisshestvijah».
2. Valeev A. T. Taktika sledstvennogo osmotra pri rassledovanii penitenciarnyh prestuplenij. – Vologda, 2010.
3. Krymov A. A., Loginov A. E., Loginov E. A. Kriminalisticheskoe obespechenie rassledovanija prestuplenij, svjazannyh s nezakonnym oborotom narkoticheskih sredstv v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah.– Vologda, 2008.
4. Parasochkina S. M. Pervonachal'nye dejstvija po soobshhenijam o prestuplenijah, svjazannyh s nezakonnym oborotom narkoticheskih sredstv // Evrazijskij nauchnyj zhurnal. – 2015. – # 7. – S. 143.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Galyautdinov R. R.
Directions of counteraction to preliminary investigation of official violent crimes and situational methods of their neutralization and overcoming
Тhe article examines the scientific definition of “opposition” in general and the concept of “a counteraction to preliminary investigation of the official violent crimes.” Subjects capable of resisting the investigation of such crimes are considered. On the basis of scientific provisions, examples from practice on countering the investigation of official violent crimes are given. Based on the definitions of “countering the preliminary investigation of official violent crimes”, the author identifies specific ways to counteract the investigation of official violent crimes, among which there are actual methods of countering, previously considered only in science, without practical examples. Methods of neutralizing and overcoming the counteraction of official violent crimes are considered by the author in the form of a system, among which both procedural and tactical methods are highlighted. Identifying the direction of countering the preliminary investigation of official violent crimes and situational techniques for neutralizing and overcoming them will contribute to the effective investigation of such crimes.
Keywords: counteraction, counteraction to the investigation of official violent crimes, subjects of counteraction, methods of counteraction, overcoming counteraction, neutralization of counteraction, methods of overcoming counteraction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Berova D. M., Hamgokov M. M. O sposobah protivodejstvija rassledovaniju prestuplenij i sovershenstvovanii mer po ih preodoleniju // Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba i kadry. – 2019. – # 4. – S. 167-170.
2. Bibikov A.A. Protivodejstvie rassledovaniju prestuplenij kak ob"ekt izuchenija kriminalistiki //Izvestija Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.– 2017. – S. 49-58.
3. Volynskij A. F. O sposobah protivodejstvija rassledovaniju jekonomicheskih prestuplenij // Izvestija Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.– 2013. – S. 27-36.
4. Golovina E. V. Sposoby protivodejstvija predvaritel'nomu rassledovaniju v sisteme mehanizma dolzhnostnyh prestuplenij // Izvestija Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2019. – S. 109-115.
5. Karagodin V. N. Osnovy kriminalisticheskogo uchenija o preodolenii protivodejstvija rassledovaniju: dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg, 1992.
6. Kim E. P., Kostenko K. A. O formah protivodejstvija rassledovaniju prestuplenij, svjazannyh s projavlenijami korrupcii // Problemy protivodejstvija rassledovaniju prestuplenij i puti ih preodolenija: sbornik materialov Mezhvedomstvennogo nauchno-prakticheskogo seminara (Habarovsk, 25 maja 2017 goda). – Habarovsk: Pjatyj fakul'tet po-
vyshenija kvalifikacii (s dislokaciej v g. Habarovsk) IPKFGKOU VO «Moskovskaja akademija Sledstvennogo komiteta Rossijskoj Federacii, 2017.
7. Kriminalistika: uchebnik / T. V. Aver'janova, R. S.Belkin, Ju. G. Koruhov, E. R. Rossinskaja. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. –M., 2012.
8. Kustov A. M. Mehanizm dejatel'nosti po protivodejstviju rassledovaniju // Aktual'nye problemy kriminalisticheskogo obespechenija rassledovanija prestuplenij. –M.: Jurlitinform, 1996.
9. Livshic L. V. Problemy preodolenija protivodejstvija rassledovaniju prestuplenij nesovershennoletnih. –Ufa: Pravo, 2001.
10. Petrova A. N. Protivodejstvie rassledovaniju, kriminalisticheskie i inye mery ego preodolenija: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. –Volgograd, 2000.
11. Prokof'eva N. V. Metodika rassledovanija zloupotreblenij dolzhnostnymi polnomochijami, sovershennogo sotrudnikami pravoohranitel'nyh organov: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. –M., 2013.
12. Halikov A. N. Teorija i praktika vyjavlenija i rassledovanija dolzhnostnyh prestuplenij (kriminalisticheskij aspekt: dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. –Ufa,2011.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Ardashev R. G.
Technical ramming in combat conditions –a kind of suicide and self-harm?
The article explores the problem of suicidal attacks as a means of political struggle. It points out the relevance of timely detection of individuals with suicidal terrorist intentions. The author compares Japanese kamikazes and Soviet military personnel who performed ramming during World War II. The article also shows the lack of legal regulation of such ramming attacks in the Soviet legislation, along with extensive propaganda coverage in the press.
Keywords: ramming, suicide and self-inflicted injuries, criminal liability, suicide terrorism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ardashev R. G. O nekotoryh kriminalisticheskih aspektah suicida lic, sovershajushhih prestuplenija terroristicheskogo haraktera // Zakon i pravo.- 2012. - # 9.
2. Ardashev R. G. Problemnye voprosy naznachenija sudebno-psihologicheskoj jekspertizy po delam terroristov-smertnikov // Sovremennoe sostojanie i problemy ugolovnogo i ugolovno-processual'nogo prava, juridicheskoj psihologii : sb. materialov mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. - Volgograd: Izd-vo VolGU, 2012.
3. Ardashev R. G. Terrorizm i suicid // VII Baltiĭskiĭ juridicheskiĭ forum «Zakon i pravoporjadok v tret'em tysjacheletii»: jel. sb. materialov mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. / Kaliningrad: Kaliningradskij filial SPbU MVD Rossii, 2019.
4. Demidov K. B. Blum M. Zhenshhiny-kamikadze: mirovaja tendencija // Rossija i sovremennyj mir. - 2008.-# 2.
5. Zajcev A. D. Hronika vozdushnyh taranov // Voenno-istoricheskij zhurnal. - 1989. - # 3.
6. Ivanov Ju. G. Kamikadze: piloty-smertniki. Japonskoe samopozhertvovanie vo vremja vojny na Tihom okeane. - Smolensk, 2001.
7. Inoguti R., Nakadzima T. Bozhestvennyj veter. - M.,2005.
8. Kameneva M. E. Psihologicheskie osobennosti vyjavlenija potencial'no-opasnyh lic sotrudnikami sluzhby aviacionnoj bezopasnosti: Dis. … kand. psihol. nauk. - M., 2014.
9. Runaev R. Ju. Profajling kak metod vyjavlenija lic, vynashivajushhih terroristicheskie zamysly suicidal'noj napravlennosti // Vestnik Voronezhskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2018. - # 4.
10. Sosnin V. A. Sovremennyj terrorizm i problema motivacii terroristov-smertnikov // Nacional'nyj psihologicheskij zhurnal. - 2010. - # 2 (4).
11. Shalagin A. E., Abdulganeev R. R. i dr. Kriminologija: uchebnik. - Kazan', 2016.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Litvinov R. V.
Domestic violence and its prevention
The article deals with the problem of domestic violence and its prevention. The legal concept of domestic violence is understood as illegal, intentional, insulting human dignity behavior of the guilty person, which puts the victim of such violence in a humiliating material, sexual, physical, psychoemotional position; applied to the victim of any influence and otherwise has a negative impact on him.
Keywords: family, domestic violence, abuser, social work, prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Domashnee nasilie: preduprezhdenie i otvetstvennost': sb. statej / red. S.V. Vedjashkin, D.V. Sennikova. – Tomsk: Izdatel'skij Dom Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2019. – 120 s.
2. Klimenok M. A. Osobennosti preduprezhdenija domashnego nasilija v Rossijskoj Federacii. — Tekst:neposredstvennyj // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2019. – #14 (252). – S. 173-175.
3. Jamaeva E.V. Profilaktika domashnego nasilija kak napravlenie social'noj raboty // Sbornik materialov I Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Global science - 2019». Orsk, 2019. – S.121-126.
4. Rogulina L.I. Terpimost' rossijan k domashnemu nasiliju // Social'nye i jekonomicheskie sistemy.– 2019. – # 4 (10). – S. 24-36
5. Volosova N.Ju. Semejnoe (domashnee) nasilie kak problema mezhdisciplinarnogo haraktera // Voprosy rossijskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava. – 2017.– Tom 7. # 3A. – S. 310-319.
6. Kuznecova N.V. Profilaktika semejnogo nasilija (rossijskie i zarubezhnye praktiki) // Social'no-psihologicheskie aspekty praktiki social'noj raboty: sbornik nauchnyh trudov. – M.: «Pero», 2016.– S. 279-287.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Nikitina L. N., Medvedev P. A., Pankova V. A.
The research of the extremist idea promotion in a computer game space
The authors analyze the foreign and domestic practice of using computer games as a propaganda tool. In particular, it refers to the spread of extremist ideas through computer games, which have a very wide audience consisting mainly of young men. According to the authors, the prevention of criminal intentions of criminals in the recreation and playing field presupposes a deep study of this problem in scientific and practical aspects.
Keywords: computer games, promotion, extremism, terrorism, minors, influence, cyberspace.
Work bibliographic list
1. Butkevich S. A. Jekstremizm i terrorizm v kiberprostranstve: vyjavlenie, nejtralizacija i preduprezhdenie // Vestnik Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2018. – # 1 (39). – S. 17-22.
2. Grifits M. Problemnaja onlajn-igra: raznoglasija, debaty i spory // Medicinskaja psihologija v Rossii. – # 4(33). – 2015. – S. 1-13.
3. Kozhevnikov S. P., Lobanova O. S., Saladovnikova E.N. Vlijanie komp'juternyh igr s jelementami nasilija na izmenenie spektrov moshhnosti JeJeG // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. – 2012. – Vyp. 2. – S. 56-61.
4. Konopleva A. A. Komp'juternaja igra kak fenomen kul'tury (issledovanie funkcional'nyh harakteristik) / V knige: Lichnost' v informacionnom prostranstve: problemy i perspektivy issledovanija. Pod redakciej S. A. Butkevicha. – Simferopol', 2020. – S. 46-54.
5. Korotyshev A. P., Ryhtik A. A. Igrovye onlajn-soobshhestva – resurs formirovanija grazhdanskoj identichnosti rossijskoj molodezhi // Socium i vlast'. – 2019. – # 3 (77). – C. 30-39.
6. Lebedev I. B., Filatova T. P. Kiberneticheskaja ludomanija – novaja oblast' psihologicheskih issledovanij kriminal'noj agressii podrostkov // Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. – 2013. – #1 (52). – S. 55-59.
7. Grishin O. E., Iglin D. A. Komp'juternye igry kak jelement massovoj politicheskoj kul'tury i kommunikacii // PolitBook. – 2015. – # 1. – S. 127-145.
8. Psihologija zavisimosti: hrestomatija / [Sost. K.V. Sel'chenok]. – M.: Harvest, 2005. – 592 s.
9. Serebrenikova Ju. V. Vlijanie komp'juternyh igr na agressivnost' u podrostkov 14-15 let // Vektor nauki Tol'jattinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Pedagogika, psihologija. – 2014. – # 1 (16).– S. 192-196.
10. Chudina-Shmidt N. V. Vlijanie informacionnogo prostranstva na rozhdenie i genezis jekstremal'noj lichnosti / V knige: Lichnost' v informacionnom prostranstve: problemy i perspektivy issledovanija. Pod redakciej S. A. Butkevicha. – Simferopol', 2020. – S. 71-75.
11. Shhagapsoev Z. L., Buraeva L. A. «Ob aktual'nyh voprosah mezhdunarodnogo sotrudnichestva v protivodejstvii projavlenijam jekstremizma i terrorizma v Internet-prostranstve» // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2018. – # 5. – [Jelektronnyj
resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ob-aktualnyh-voprosah-mezhdunarodnogosotrudnichestva-v-protivodeystvii-proyavleniyamekstremizma-i-terrorizma-v-internet (data obrashhenija: 23.05.2020).
12. Goldstein J. Does playing violent video games cause aggressive behavior? – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://culturalpolicy.uchicago.edu/sites/culturalpolicy.uchicago.edu/files/Goldstein.pdf(data obrashhenija: 18.07.2020).
13. Olson C. K., Kutner L. Viewpoints and flashpoints in the study of video game violence and aggression //Psihologija. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. –2015. – T. 12. # 1. – S. 13-28.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Salnikov A. A.
Measures of special criminological prevention of transport hooliganism
The article considers measures of special criminological prevention of transport hooliganism as the most effective measures of direct impact on the level of its development by legal, technical and social measures.
Keywords: preventive measures, transport hooliganism
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 03 aprelja 2017 g. # 60-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i stat'ju 151 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // SPS Konsul'tantPljus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=LAW&n=214786&fld=134&dst=1000000001,0&rnd=0.9537691462779796#015627109600433764(data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021)
2. J.L. Worral, S.G. Tibbetts. Explaining San Diego’s Decline in Illegal Street-Racing Casualties / Justice Quarterly. 2006. # 23. S. 530-544
3. K.J. Peak, R.W. Glensor. The problem of street racing/ Oficial'nyj sajt Arizonskogo Universiteta (Arisona State University). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://popcenter.asu.edu/problems/street_racing/print (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021)
4. N.L. Leal, B.C. Watson. The road safety implications of illegal street racing and associated risky driving behaviors / Accident Analysis and prevention. 2011. #43. S. 1547-1554
5. S. Knight, L.J. Cook, L.M. Olson. The fast and the fatal: street racing fatal crashes in the United States / Injury Prevention. 2004. # 10. S. 53-55
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Aliev A. M., Alieva A. I., Marianov A. A.
The activities of the internal affairs bodies in the prevention and suppression of offenses committed by minors
The article discusses the place and role of the police in the system for the prevention of juvenile
delinquency. It is noted that when training police officers to work in units dealing with minors, it is advisable to focus future specialists on the implementation of preventive work with minors based on the principle of individualization.
Keywords: prevention of juvenile delinquency, police, juvenile affairs units, internal affairs
bodies, prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vasil'ev F. P., Anisimov R. Ju. Rol' podrazdelenij policii po delam nesovershennoletnih v presechenii jekstremizma // Administrativnoe pravo i process. – 2013. – # 3. – S. 36-39.
2. Dolgova S. I., Mashugina E. V. K voprosu o dejatel'nosti po privlecheniju k otvetstvennosti roditelej ili inyh zakonnyh predstavitelej nesovershennoletnih za neispolnenie objazannostej po soderzhaniju i vospitaniju nesovershennoletnih // Administrativnoe pravo i process. – 2019.– # 8. – S. 52-55.
3. Doroshenko O. M. Realizacija polnomochij policii v sfere migracionnyh potokov po protivodejstviju pravonarushenijam nesovershennoletnih// Migracionnoe pravo. – 2015. – # 1. – S. 26-29.
4. Kirjuhin V. V. Administrativnaja dejatel'nost' policii po profilaktike pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih: teoretiko-pravovye osnovy i napravlenija sovershenstvovanija: dissertacija... kandidata juridicheskih nauk: 12.00.14. – M.,2018.
5. Obydenova T. V. Administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del po preduprezhdeniju i presecheniju pravonarushenij, sovershaemyh nesovershennoletnimi: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2004.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Akhiyarov R. A., Koshevets G. V.
Ensuring the personal safety of employees of the internal affairs bodies
The article talks about ensuring the safety of employees of the internal affairs bodies. Since the employees of the internal affairs bodies are exposed to risks in their daily activities on a daily basis. Despite this, they perform a very large list of tasks to ensure security and law and order in our country. To perform these tasks, an employee of the internal affairs bodies must maintain himself in constant professional, special, legal and psychological readiness.
Keywords: personal security, police officer, police officer, service, training.
Work bibliographic list
1. V MVD poobeshhali proverit' vse provokacii na mitingah. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.rbc.ru/rbcfreenews/600c07019a79474959ae43c5 (data obrashhenija: 31.01.2021).
2. Novoe v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve (ezhednevno). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/law/review/fed/fd2020-11-18.html/(data obrashhenija: 31.01.2021).
3. Chernov A. I. Organizacija lichnoj bezopasnosti sotrudnikov OVD. — Domodedovo, 2001.
4. Juridicheskaja pedagogika: uchebnik dlja studentov vuzov, obuchajushhihsja po special'nosti 021100 «Jurisprudencija» / V. Ja. Kikot', A. M. Stoljarenko i dr.– M.: JuNITI–DANA, 2004. – 895 s.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Musa Ye. T.
Formation of the legal culture of the military personnel of the Naval Force of the Republic of Kazakhstan
This article is devoted to the study of the problems of the formation of the legal culture of the military personnel of the Naval Force of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The current stage of development of the Naval Force of the Republic of Kazakhstan places high demands on the legal culture of military personnel. The process of the formation of the legal culture of the naval forces is labor-intensive, complex and lengthy. The article identifies and discloses the difficulties that exist in the legal educational process that affect the formation of the legal culture of the military personnel of the Naval Force of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Methods and ways of forming the legal culture of military personnel are given in this article.
Keywords: legal culture, formation of legal culture, legal culture of military personnel, naval force of the Republic of Kazakhstan, methods and ways of forming legal culture of military personnel of the Navy of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arbuzov A. I. Pedagogicheskie uslovija formirovanija pravovoj kul'tury voennosluzhashhih po kontraktu vo vnutrennih vojskah MVD Rossii»: sbornik mezhvuzovskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii NVI VV MVD Rossii «Vnutrennie vojska: istorija i sovremennost'» (mart 2008 goda). – Novosibirsk, NVI VV MVD Rossii, 2008. – S. 3–9.
2. Burnashev G. A. Sushhnost' i soderzhanie pravovoj kul'tury kak normativno-cennostnoj osnovy, celi i sredstva pravoprimenitel'noj politiki // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2018. – # 48. – S. 112-114.
3. Voenno-morskie sily Kazahstana. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voenno-morskie_sily_Kazahstana.
4. Voenno-morskie sily Ministerstva oborony Respubliki Kazahstan (VMS MO RK). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://military-kz.ucoz.org/index/voenno_morskie_sily_vms/0-24.
5. Radchenko P. A. Formirovanie pravovoj kul'tury kak dominanta v pravovoj podgotovke oficerskogo sostava vooruzhennyh sil Rossii // Vestnik Samarskoj gumanitarnoj akademii. Serija «Pravo».– 2008. – # 2 (4). – S. 10-18.
6. Solomin V. V. Gumanitarno-pravovaja kul'tura voennosluzhashhih vnutrennih vojsk MVD Rossii v processe professional'noj podgotovki // Izvestija Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. A. I. Gercena. – 2008. – # 65. – S.
303-306.
7. Ukaz Prezidenta Respubliki Kazahstan ot 24.08.2009 # 858 «O Koncepcii pravovoj politiki Respubliki Kazahstan na period s 2010 do 2020 goda».
8. Ukaz Prezidenta Respubliki Kazahstan ot 7 maja 2003 goda # 1085 «O merah po dal'nejshemu sovershenstvovaniju struktury Vooruzhennyh Sil Respubliki Kazahstan».
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Nikitin A. I., Arkhipov E. V., Pesterev N. N.
Questions of the psychological state and rehabilitation of police officers after the use of firearms
This article is a continuation of the earlier published work, which raised the issues of the psychological state of police officers after the use of firearms and the activities of psychologists in the units for the identification and early recovery from Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Let us consider the application of a comprehensive approach to recovery and rehabilitation after receiving traumatic stress as a result of the use of firearms by police officers. On the necessity to support such employees by the management team, the service team, the public and the implementation of ministerial activities.
Keywords: psychological readiness, repel the attack, rehabilitation, use of weapons, group, the public.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakona ot 7 fevralja 2011 g. # 3-FZ «O policii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http:/www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija:12.01.2021).
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 19 ijulja 2011 g. # 247-FZ «O social'nyh garantijah sotrudnikam organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii i vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http:/www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija:12.01.2021).
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 28 marta 1998 g. # 52-FZ «Ob objazatel'nom gosudarstvennom strahovanii zhizni i zdorov'ja voennosluzhashhih, grazhdan, prizvannyh na voennye sbory, lic rjadovogo i nachal'stvujushhego sostava organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http:/www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
4. Nikitin A. I. Voprosy psihologicheskogo sostojanija i reabilitacii sotrudnikov policii posle primenenija ognestrel'nogo oruzhija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. - # 9 (148). - S. 358-359. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=44153269 (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
5. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 7 sentjabrja 2010 g. # 1099 «O merah po sovershenstvovaniju gosudarstvennoj nagradnoj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http:/www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Zoz V. A., Pestretsov M. A.
Artificial intelligence as a tool in the detection and prevention of crimes
In the article, the authors consider the trends in the use of artificial intelligence in the detection
and prevention of crimes in the Russian Federation, analyze the experience of using artificial
intelligence in the detection of crimes in foreign countries.
Key words: artificial intelligence, crime prevention and detection, interaction with foreign countries, implementation in the activities of internal affairs bodies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ignatov A. N., Pahomov S. V. Vlijanie kachestvenno-prostranstvennyh osobennostej mestnosti na vybor i realizaciju sposoba sovershenija prestuplenija // Obshhestvo i pravo. – 2016. – # 3 (57). – S.143–147; Ignatov A. N., Pahomov S. V. O neobhodimosti issledovanija kachestvenno-prostranstvennyh osobennostej prestupnosti // Teorija i praktika protivodejstvija prestupnosti v Aziatsko-Tihookeanskom regione (k 95-letiju so dnja obrazovanija Dal'nevostochnogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii): sb. materialov Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. (22–23 sent. 2016 g.). – Habarovsk: DVJuI MVD
Rossii, 2016. – S. 323–325.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 10 oktjabrja 2019 g. # 490 «O razvitii iskusstvennogo intellekta v Rossijskoj Federacii» (vmeste s «Nacional'noj strategiej razvitija iskusstvennogo intellekta na period do 2030 goda») // SZ RF. - 2019. - # 41. - St. 5700.
3. Swope R. Constructively Developed Analytical Crime Mapping Approaches // Police Journal, England. – 2001.– Vol. 74. – # 1. – P. 42–49.
4. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://teleprogramma.pro/style/lifehack/1450882-kpoiskam-prestupnikov-v-rossii-podklyuchitsyaiskusstvennyy-u3511/(data obrashhenija 31.01.2021).
5. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://habr.com/ru/news/t/466471/( data obrashhenija 30.01.2021).
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Stepanov G. I., Babin A. V., Zinnatov R. R.
Actual problems in the formation of professional skills in the performance of combat techniques of fighting among employees of divisions of internal affairs bodies
The article deals with current problems in the organization of training in combat techniques of fighting of the employees of divisions of internal affairs bodies.
Keywords: divisions of internal affairs bodies, professional training, combat techniques of fighting, pedagogical principles.
Work bibliographic list
1. O policii: feder. zakon ot 7 fevralja 2011 g. # 3-FZ:red. ot 2 ijulja 2013 g. // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. - 2011. - # 7. - St. 900; Ros. gaz. - 2013. - 10 ijulja.
2. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 05.05.2018 # 275 (red. Ot 14.08.2018) «Ob utverzhdenii Porjadka organizacii podgotovki kadrov dlja zameshhenija dolzhnostej v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii» // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru.
3. Arhipov D. V. Innovacii fizicheskoj podgotovki v obrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenijah MVD Rossii dlja sotrudnikov policii zhenskogo pola // Nauchno-metodicheskij jelektronnyj zhurnal «Koncept». - 2017. - T. 36.- S. 1-3. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://e-koncept.ru/2017/771200.htm.
4. Bogen M. F. Fizicheskoe vospitanie i sportivnaja trenirovka: obuchenie dvigatel'nym dejstvijam. Teorija i metodika / Izd. 4-e, ispr, i dop. - M.: Knizhnyj dom «LIBROKOM», 2013.
5. Stepanov G. I., Babin A. V., Mirzoev A. R. Aktual'nye problemy v formirovanii professional'nyh navykov v primenenii boevyh priemov bor'by u sotrudnikov podrazdelenij organov vnutrennih del // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 1 (140). - S.340-342.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Barchukov V. K.
Evolution of the application of separate types of artificial intelligence in the system of managing the activities of law enforcement bodies
This article discusses the issue of modern approaches to understanding the essence of artificial intelligence and the possibility of using its individual elements in the activities of law enforcement agencies in different historical and temporal periods.
The author addresses the problem of protecting the constitutional rights and legitimate interests of citizens, society and the state when using artificial intelligence systems, dwells on the issues of heuristic programming, interactive expert systems, knowledge engineering and hypertext technologies in the activities of law enforcement agencies.
Keywords: law enforcement, artificial intelligence, heuristic programming, interactive expert systems, knowledge engineering, hypertext technologies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zhdanov Ju., Kuznecov S., Ovchinskij V. Covid-19: prestupnost', kiberbezopasnost', obshhestvo, policija. -M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 2020.
2. Iskusstvennyj intellekt. Bol'shaja Rossijskaja jenciklopedija. - M.: «Bol'shaja Rossijskaja jenciklopedija», 2008. - T. 11. - S. 733.
3. Ovchinskij V. S. Tehnologii budushhego protiv kriminala. - M.: Knizhnyj mir, 2017.
4. Popov Je. V. Jekspertnye sistemy: reshenie neformalizovannyh zadach v dialoge s JeVM. - M., 1987.
5. Rastoropov S. V. Iskusstvennyj intellekt v preduprezhdenii moshennichestva v kreditno-finansovoj sfere // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. - 2020.- # 8. - S. 87-90.
6. Rastoropov S. V. Sovremennye trebovanija k rassledovaniju prestuplenij, sovershaemyh s ispol'zovaniem informacionno-kommunikacionnyh tehnologij //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 6. - S. 359-360.
7. For a broad overview of State initiatives, refer to Campbell, T. (2019). Artificial Intelligence: An Overview Of State Initiatives. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http: //www.unicri.it/in_focus/files/Report_AI-An_Overview_of_State_Initiatives_FutureGrasp_7-23-19.pdf.
 
ANTICORRUPTION LAW
Bondar A. G., Kondratyev A. A.
Optimization of the public services sector as one of the key factors reducing the level of corruption
This article is devoted to the issues of optimization of the sphere of provision of public services,
the actualization of the legal instruments of which can have a significant impact on the leveling of the risks of corruption aggression. As part of this work, an empirical study was carried out in the form of an interview, the results of which served to form additional conclusions and proposals for optimizing the industry in question.
Keywords: government services, corruption, interviews, fees, urgency.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bondar' A. G. Cifrovye finansovye instrumenty:obshhaja harakteristika i pravovoj aspekt // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. – 2020. - T.16. - # 4. - S. 317-320.
2. Burganov R. A. Korrupcija i nesovershenstvo rynka gosudarstvennyh (politicheskih) uslug // Aktual'nye problemy jekonomiki i prava. - 2009. - # 4 (12).
3. Miheeva M. S. Organizacija ucheta dohodov ot platnyh uslug v gosudarstvennyh uchrezhdenijah // Buhgalterskij uchet v bjudzhetnyh i nekommercheskih organizacijah. - 2012. - # 13.
4. Sorokin R. S. Protivodejstvie korrupcii v sfere okazanija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh uslug posredstvom principa prozrachnosti // MNIZh. -2015. - # 2-2 (33).
 
ANTICORRUPTION LAW
Samiulina Ya. V., Sukhanova K. A.
Corruption in the internal affairs of Russia: attitude of youth to the problem
The article provides information obtained by the authors as a result of a survey among young people on the problem of the spread of corruption in the internal affairs bodies. The relevance of the topic is determined, first of all, by the fact that the existing problem of corruption of law enforcement agencies acts to a certain extent as a destabilizing factor in society, since it hinders the development of democracy and prevents citizens from exercising their constitutional rights and freedoms.
As part of the study, the authors made an attempt to draw the attention of young people to the problem of corruption in modern society, since it is she who is able to initiate changes that will lead to a decrease in the level of corruption in the country.
In order to get an answer to the question of how young people perceive corruption and methods of countering corruption in the internal affairs bodies, as well as the importance of involving civil society in the implementation of anti-corruption policies, a survey was conducted among graduate students of the legal specialty. The obtained results of the survey became the basis of the material for writing the article.
Keywords: legislation, corruption, crime, internal affairs bodies, human and civil rights and freedoms.
Work bibliographic list
1. Veksel' E. D. Molodezh' protiv korrupcii // Rostovskij nauchnyj zhurnal. – 2017. − # 12. − S. 52-58.
2. Gubanova E. V. Antikorrupcionnoe vospitanie molodezhi kak napravlenie dejatel'nosti Obshhestvennogo soveta pri Komitete po protivodejstviju korrupcii Respubliki Krym // Preduprezhdenie korrupcii v organah gosudarstvennoj vlasti Rossijskoj Federacii: sb. nauchnyh statej po materialam Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakt. konferencii / pod red. N. A. Petuhova, E. V. Rjabcevoj. – Simferopol': IT «ARIAL», 2020. – 220 s.
 
ANTICORRUPTION LAW
Taran A. N., Ogryza A. V., Taran K. A.
Domestic corruption
The article deals with the problem of domestic corruption, which in turn destroys the entire legal sphere of our life. Hypotheses and solutions to this problem. The meaning of everyday corruption and its essence, as the main destroyer of politics, the rule of law, the economy and the entire social order as a whole.
Keywords: domestic corruption, anti-corruption activities, bribery, offense.
Work bibliographic list
1. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_82959/.
2. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_9027/b1a993705399bf4cbb20df769e04d055c4d1f17a/.
3. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_9027/.
4. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fom.ru/Bezopasnost-i-pravo/138.
5. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.stompoliklinikakislovodsk.ru/attachments/File/Bitovaja_korrupcija.pdf.
6. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://moluch.ru/archive/184/47352/.
 
JUDICIARY
Galimov E. E., Dudin N. S.
To the issue of preventive measures elected without obtaining a court decision
The article discusses the features of the application of preventive measures chosen without obtaining a court decision. Their role and place in the system of coercive measures are indicated.
Their legal regulation has been analyzed. Some problematic aspects of the application of preventive measures selected without obtaining a court decision in modern criminal procedure law and the ways of their solution are indicated.
Keywords: criminal - procedural law, preliminary investigation, preventive measures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Timohin Ju. A. Znachenie podpiski o nevyezde i nadlezhashhem povedenii kak mery presechenija, prepjatstvujushhej ukloneniju obvinjaemogo ot javki k sledovatelju // Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2011. - # 3.
2. Halilova V. L. Spornye voprosy zakonodatel'nogo regulirovanija primenenija mery presechenija v vide nabljudenija komandovanija voinskoj chasti //Vestnik Volgogradskogo instituta biznesa. - 2016. -# 1. - S. 236.
 
JUDICIARY
Mogilevskiy G. A., Sanin E. P.
Process of recognition of a soldier missing: problems of judicial practice
The publication examines the theoretical and enforcement aspects of the procedural procedure
for the recognition of missing persons of such subjects as military personnel who have voluntarily left the place of military service. On the basis of the analysis of court case materials, conclusions are drawn on the need for a unified procedural procedure by the courts to form a unified judicial practice in this category of cases.
Keywords: missing dieters, military personnel who left the place of military service, process procedure.
Work bibliographic list
1. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie # 33-2116/2013 ot 16 aprelja 2013 g. po delu # 33-2116/2013. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/1QPZk0mCkk5T/(data obrashhenija: 23.01.2021).
2. Apeljacionnoe opredelenie Sankt-Peterburgskogo gorodskogo suda ot 19.02.2015 # 33-2554/2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=SARB&n=74930#02883549086777204 (data obrashhenija:09.02.2021).
3. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po grazhdanskim delam Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 30.10.2018 # 91-KG18-6.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://legalacts.ru/sud/opredelenie-verkhovnogo-suda-rf-ot-30102018-n-91-kg18-6/ (data obrashhenija: 09.02.2021).
4. Reshenie # 2-618/2017 2-618/2017(2-7379/2016;)~M-8855/2016 2-7379/2016 M-8855/2016 ot 28 fevralja 2017 g. po delu # 2-618/2017. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/F7QGuhgv93QV/ (data obrashhenija: 09.02.2021).
5. Reshenie po delu 9-23/2014 M-195/2014. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://rospravosudie.com/court-volgogradskij-garnizonnyj-voennyj-sudvolgogradskaya-oblast-s/act-456307729/ (data obrashhenija:23.01.2021).
6. Sanin R. E. Uchet social'nyh riskov v sisteme ohrany obshhestvennogo porjadka. Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - Izd-vo: Prikamskij social'nyj institut (Perm'), 2016. - S. 121-126.
7. Ushherb ot prestuplenij voennosluzhashhih RF ocenili v 4,9 mlrd rub. v 2019 godu. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/obschestvo/7898425 (data obrashhenija: 23.01.2021).
8. Shodonova M. Je., Dugaron E. C. Problemy instituta bezvestnogo otsutstvija // Semejnoe i zhilishhnoe pravo.- 2018. - # 3. - S. 23-27.
 
PROSECUTOR’S SUPEVISION
Babenko S. V., Sadovaya D. S.
Problems of theory and practice of Prosecutor’s supervision over the preliminary investigation of Cybercrimes
The article deals with certain aspects of the prosecutor’s supervision over the investigation of criminal cases of crimes in the field of high technologies. Analyzing the norms of criminal and criminal procedure legislation, the authors note that at the present stage, the law enforcement officer does not have the necessary set of legal means regulating the investigation of criminal cases of this category. In order to eliminate gaps and contradictions, amendments to the criminal and criminal procedure legislation are proposed, which will allow to regulate the procedural aspects in the investigation of cybercrimes and the supervisory activities of the prosecutor.
Keywords: prosecutor’s supervision, criminal procedure legislation, preliminary investigation, virtual traces of crime, cybercrime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kujava T. Ju. Kiberprestupnost': problemy ugolovno-pravovoj ocenki i organizacii protivodejstvija //Molodoj uchenyj. – 2016. – # 29. – S. 255-257.
2. Mazurov V. A. Komp'juternye prestuplenija: klassifikacija i sposoby protivodejstvija. – M.: «Paleotip», 2002. – 148 s.
3. Meshherjakov V. A. Prestuplenija v sfere komp'juternoj informacii: osnovy teorii i praktiki rassledovanija. – Voronezh: Voronezh. gos. un-ta, 2019. – S.94-119.
4. Statdannye Genprokuratury Rossii o sostojanii prestupnosti v RF za 2019 god i janvar'-avgust 2020g. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://genproc.gov.ru/smi/news/genproc/news-1703326/ (data obrashhenija: 25.01.2021).
 
HUMAN RIGHTS
Albuteef Mohammed Adnan Karkan
Islamic system for the protection of human rights as a reflection of trends towards the regionalization of human rights systems
The article discusses the features of building a regional Islamic human rights system in the context of the universal trend towards the regionalization of human rights systems of our time. It is stated that the presence and effective functioning of regional human rights
systems significantly enhance the accessibility of human rights protection, as well as the promotion of the convergence of national legal and judicial systems. In this regard, attempts to build a regional Islamic human rights system, the historical trajectories of which are examined in detail in the publication, are considered not to be a kind of “formal reply” to the global community, but a reflection of a true desire to construct a unique supranational human rights protection system in the face of conflicting specifics of national law, deeply riddled with religious doctrine.
Keywords: human rights, human rights protection, regional human rights protection systems, Islamic law, human rights systems, Islamic human rights system.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abashidze A. S. Regional'nye sistemy zashhity prav cheloveka: uchebnoe posobie / [A. H. Abashidze, E. S. Alisievich, A. M. Solncev]; pod red. A. H. Abashidze.– M.: Rossijskij un-t druzhby narodov, 2012. – 395 s.
2. Abdullah ibn Abd al'-Muhsin at-Turki. Islam i prava cheloveka [Russkij] / per. Vladimira (Abdalla) Nirsha. Jer-Rijad. 1429-2008. – 54 s. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://d1.islamhouse.com/data/ru/ih_books/single/ru_hokak_alnsan_in_islam.pdf(data obrashhenija: 07.12.2020).
3. Galiullina S. D., Sulejmanov A. R. Stereotipnoe myshlenie o pravah cheloveka v islame // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2017. – # 10 (113). – S.281-283.
4. David R. Osnovnye pravovye sistemy sovremennosti: [per. s fr.] / Rene David, Kamilla Zhoffre-Spinozi. – M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 2009. – 453 s.
5. Evseev D. V., Komarov S. A. Sovremennaja specifika islamskih podhodov k pravam cheloveka // Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. – 2015. – # 2 (40). – S.67-72.
6. Hejfec V. L., Hadorich L. V. Dostizhenija i problemy mezhamerikanskoj sistemy zashhity prav cheloveka v novom regional'nom kontekste // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Serija 6. Politologija. Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija. – 2015. – # 3. – S.99-112.
7. Hyshiktuev O. V. Aziatskaja i Evropejskaja konvencii po pravam cheloveka: sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz // Problemy i perspektivy razvitija gosudarstva i prava v XXI veke. – 2016. – S. 77-82.
 
HUMAN RIGHTS
Bulima A. R., Kurlyshev A. O., Yakovlev D. G.
On improving the Institution of the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation
In the conditions of dynamically developing public relations, the coordinated work of human rights institutions is unthinkable without improving the legislation regulating the institution of the Commissioner for Human Rights. In this article, the problems of legal regulation of the status of the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation. The practical significance of the study lies in the discovery of the shortcomings of the existing norms governing the legal status of the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation, as well as the procedure for appointing and dismissing him from office. This topic is of particular relevance, since the Constitution of the Russian Federation clearly establishes that the observance and protection of human and civil rights and freedoms is the responsibility of the state, an important role in which is assigned to the Commissioner for Human Rights as a guarantor of ensuring state protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens, their observance and respect by state bodies, local self-government bodies and officials.
Keywords: commissioner for human rights in the Russian Federation, protection of human rights, constitutional and legal institution.
Work bibliographic list
1. Korovnikova E.A. Dejatel'nost' upolnomochennogo po pravam cheloveka v konspekte osushhestvlenija parlamentskogo kontrolja v RF // Juridicheskij mir. 2007. # 8. S. 32-41.
2. Nabiev A. V. Konstitucionno-pravovoj status upolnomochennogo po pravam cheloveka v Rossijskoj Federacii i napravlenija ego sovershenstvovanija //Academy. # 7. 2016. S. 42-48
3. Thabisimova L. A., Evloev I. M. Problemy pravovogo statusa i dejatel'nosti Upolnomochennyh po pravam cheloveka v Rossijskoj Federacii i ee sub"ektah // Vestnik Burjatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pedagogika. Filologija. Filosofija. (2).S. 163-168.
4. Chernysheva A. P. Kuleshova N. N. zakonodatel'naja iniciativa Upolnomochennogo po pravam cheloveka v RF // Sbornik materialov 5-j Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Rjazan': Koncepcija, 2017. 20.12. Stat'ja v sbornike trudov konferencii. C. 179. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa:https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=30613475& (data obrashhenija: 27.12.2020).
 
STATE AND LAW
Khavadzhi D. R.
To the question about the relationship of economy, law and politics
This article examines law as a kind of social normative regulator, which actually affects various spheres of life of society, state and person. The relationship between economics and law today has a deep dimension. Thus, the link between the market economy and democracy is obvious. A democratic state is always a state with a market economy is the necessary foundation for the realization of economic human rights, while totalitarianism is based on an administrative-command economic system, without which universal state control over citizens is not possible.
Keywords: law, economy, democratic state, economic activity, economic function of the state.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 24.11.1995 # 181-FZ (red. Ot 29.07.2018) «O social'noj zashhite invalidov v Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - 1995. - # 48. - St. 4563.
2. Vitruk N. V. Obshhaja teorija pravovogo polozhenija lichnostiju - M.: Norma, 2016. - 480 s.
3. Granat N. L. Sootnoshenie jekonomiki i prava //Jurist. - 2018. - # 11-12. - S. 176
4. Pevcova E. A. Sovremennye definitivnye podhody k pravu i gosudarstvu // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava.- 2014. - # 3. - S. 80.
5. Teorija gosudarstva i prava / pod red. V. Ja. Kikotja i V. V. Lazareva. - M.: Forum, 2013. - 624 s.
6. Tumanov V. A. Jekonomika i pravo: vzaimosvjaz' //Vestnik Juzhno-Ural. gos. un-ta. – Serija: Soc.- gumanitarnye nauki. - 2018. - # 32. - S. 118.

POLICY AND LAW
Arсhybasov M. E., Shimanova O. N., Erte A. E.
On the impact of administrative and managerial changes in the Republic of Bashkortostan and the activities of the FP of the Republic of Bashkortostan on the transformation of the political image of the region
The article is devoted to the impact of processes of transformation of the administrative branch of the power-management services, as well as the activities of the Federation of trade unions of the Republic of Bashkortostan on the formation and transformation of political image in the region. The publication draws attention to the fact that the political image of Bashkortostan is gradually characterized as follows: a republic with a legitimate regime-clan conservation; a region that is at the stage of political reform; a Russian subject with an extremely controlled democracy with a certain degree of pluralism.
Keywords: Russia, Republic of Bashkortostan, political image, political image, republican trade unions, administrative transformations, power structures, power and management sphere.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abdrahmanov D., Kuz'minyh K., Mihajlichenko D.Politicheskoe prostranstvo Bashkortostana v poiskah tochek rosta. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.regcomment.ru/regions/bash/politicheskoe-prostranstvo-bashkortostana-v-poiskakh-
tochek-rosta (data obrashhenija: 11.02.2021).
2. Abdullin I. Bashkirija poluchila novoe pravitel'stvo. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.ufa.bezformata.com/listnews/bashkiriyapoluchila-novoe-pravitelstvo/108409 (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2021).
3. Agliullin I.Z. Dinamika politicheskih transformacij v Respublike Bashkortostan // Vlast'. 2017. # 3. S. S. 58-63.
4. Beresnev V., Gavrilenko A., Goloburdova N., Kolebakina-Usmanova E., Sokolova K. «Hamitov byl absoljutno ugoden, no ne izbiraem»: zachem Kreml' smenil vlast' v Bashkortostane? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.business-gazeta.ru/article/398687 (data obrashhenija: 11.02.2021).
5. V Bashkirii tri goskomiteta preobrazovany v ministerstva. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.bashinform.ru/news/1506470-vbashkirii-3-goskomiteta-preobrazovany-v-ministerstva(data obrashhenija: 14.02.2021).
6. Zolotarjov V. Krizis Bashkirii jepohi Rustjema Hamitova. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.grsv.press/2016/12/krizis-bashkirii-epohirustema-hamitova (data obrashhenija: 11.02.2021).
7. Kalachev K. VRIO glavy zhjostkij chelovek. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.ufa1.ru/text/politics/66159094 (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2020).
8. Novikov A. Profsojuznoe dvizhenie Bashkortostana: istorija bolezni. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.rb21vek.com/ideologyandpolitics/102-profsoyuznoe-dvizheniebashkortostana-istoriya.html (data obrashhenija:08.02.2021).
9. Rahimkulov E. Prezident Bashkortostana Rustjem Hamitov obsudil s profsojuzami perspektivy social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija respubliki.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.bashinform.ru/news/288414-prezident-bashkortostana-rustem-khamitov-obsudil-s-profsoyuzami-perspektivy-sotsialno-ekonomicheskogo-razvitiya-respubliki
(data obrashhenija: 12.02.2021).
10. Sotnikova A. Polnaja palitra bashkirskoj oppozicii. Otnyne nikakih prepjatstvij tem, u kogo drugie vzgljady na politiku, vlasti chinit' ne budut //Nezavisimaja gazeta. 2011. 1 fevralja.
11. Tjuneva N. «V nashih rjadah polmilliona ljudej»:Radij Habirov pozdravil s Dnjom profsojuznogo rabotnika // Respublika Bashkortostan. 2020. 12 nojabrja.
12. Ukaz Prezidenta Respubliki Bashkortostan ot 4 avgusta 2010 g. # UP-449 «O strukture ispolnitel'nyh organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti Respubliki Bashkortostan» (v red. Ukaza Prezidenta Respubliki Bashkortostan ot 11 avgusta 2011 g. # UP-148) (s izm. na 24.10.2012 g.) // Jelektronnyj fond pravovoj i normativno-tehnicheskoj dokumentacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.docs.cntd.ru/document/935120501 (data obrashhenija:11.02.2021).

SECURITY AND LAW
Aripshev A. M.
The impact of the pandemic on extremism:a legal review and the emergence of a new determinant
The article presents a study on the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the intensification of extremist crimes. The author, based on the opinion of scientists and experts in the field of combating extremism, emphasizes that in the conditions of COVID-19, there is an activation of criminal elements and various communities aimed at undermining the general well-being of the population. A special role is assigned to the use of the Internet, using which criminals en masse call for violence and crimes of an extremist nature, which, according to experts and scientists, will inevitably lead to the destabilization of the criminogenic factor in the state and the growth of crime.
Keywords: extremism, COVID-19, pandemic, the fight against crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.07.2006 # 149-FZ «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 31.07.2006. - # 31 (1 ch.). - St. 3448.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.07.2003 # 126-FZ «O svjazi» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 14.07.2003. -# 28. - St. 2895.
3. Grebenkin A. Jekstremizm pandemiju ljubit. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://news.myseldon.com/ru/news/index/230174290 (data obrashhenija: 01.02.2021).
4. Pandemija mozhet sprovocirovat' rost jekstremizma v stranah IGAD. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://regnum.ru/news/polit/2929937.html(data obrashhenija: 03.02.2021).
5. Spekuljacija pandemiej, kak prestupniki ispol'zujut krizis COVID-19. Mart 2020g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/upload/site1/folder_page/019/882/802/Evropol_Spekulyatsiya_pandemiey1.pdf (data obrashhenija:08.02.2021).
6. Chattaev A. R. Jekonomicheskie i pravovye determinanty terrorizma kak social'no-politicheskogo fenomena. // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - # 3 (2017). - S. 106.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Tlupova A. V., Kymisheva M. K.
Features of the legal regime for the dissemination of information in social networks
The development of society at any historical stage cannot be imagined without the transfer of information. Modern society has both large information resources and a wide range of ways and
means for their transmission. The emergence and functioning of the World Wide Web, and subsequently social networks, made the latter one of the most frequently used information tools, which necessitated their legal regulation. In the Russian Federation, the Federal Law “On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection” is the normative legal act governing the mode of functioning and use of information, information technologies, including social networks, which introduced an article in December 2020, regulating the procedure for disseminating information on social networks.
Keywords: information, information technology, internet, social networks, information protection, information dissemination.
Work bibliographic list
1. FZ ot 27 ijulja 2006 # 149-FZ «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii» (v red. ot 30 dekabrja 2020 g. # 530-FZ) // Rossijskaja gazeta - 2006 - 29 ijulja.
2. Kozyreva A. A. Social'nye seti v Rossii: razvivaetsja li novyj politicheskij institut? // Jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal «GosReg». - 2014. - # 1. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https:// elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=23920696.
3. Nenashev S. M. Informacionno-tehnologicheskaja i informacionno psihologicheskaja bezopasnost' pol'zovatelej social'nyh setej // Voprosy kiberbezopasnosti. - 2016. - # 5 (18). - S. 65-72.
4. Tumbinskaja M. V. Obespechenie zashhity ot nezhelatel'noj informacii v social'nyh setjah // Vestnik Mordovskogo universiteta. - 2017. - T. 27. - # 2. - S.264-288.
5. Tumbinskaja M. V. Process rasprostranenija nezhelatel'noj informacii v social'nyh setjah Biznes-informatika. - 2017. - #. 3 (41). - S. 65-76.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Chelpanova M. M., Sizova N. M.
Economic aspects of terrorist activities
The article is devoted to the economic aspects of terrorist activities. The article notes that a significant role in the emergence and spread of terrorism is played by cultural differences and institutional norms that justify terrorist methods of self-affirmation and self-realization of the individual in the population groups with average and above-average incomes.
Keywords: terrorism, economic models of crime, economic approach to the study of terrorism, economic theory of discrimination, self-affirmation and self-realization of the individual, cultural
anthropology, psychological and sociological interpretation of terrorism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Al'saedi A. D. Faktory i jelementy mezhdunarodnogo terrorizma kak kompleksa celenapravlennyh dejstvij // BGZh. - 2017. - # 2 (19).
2. Zhilina I. Ju. Jekonomicheskie aspekty sovremennogo terrorizma // RSM. - 2018. - # 1 (98).
3. Najdenov N. D. Jekonomicheskie osnovy terrorizma// Chelovek. Kul'tura. Obrazovanie. - 2016. - # 3 (21).
4. Prjaluhina A. V., Sergeeva I. N. Motivy terrorizma v vosprijatii rossijskoj i finskoj molodezhi// KPZh. - 2017. - # 5 (124). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/motivy-terrorizma-v-vospriyatii-rossiyskoy-i-finskoymolodezhi(data obrashhenija: 18.01.2021).
5. Haritonova O. G. Izuchaja terrorizm: osnovnye kontury diskussii // Polit. nauka. - 2018. - # 4.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Shamaev A. M.
Issues of improving legislation in the field of road safety
The COVID-19 pandemic has marked a new reality for the world community, when almost all spheres of life have been significantly affected. Despite this conjuncture, the problematic aspects of pre-pandemic life remained and now require due attention, including due to the consolidated impact of all institutions of society. One of such problems is to ensure safety on the roads. At this stage, the number of administrative violations in the field of traffic shows the dynamics of increasing. The range of measures taken in this area should be recognized as sufficiently effective, but in order to eliminate the facts of road accidents, including human casualties, a significant amount of work needs to be done, including in the field of the standard-setting process.
Keywords: traffic, safety, administrative offense, rule-making.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gauzhaeva V. A. Nekotorye aspekty sovremennogo predstavlenija o ponjatii, priznakah i sostave administrativnogo pravonarushenija // Altajskij juridicheskij vestnik. - 2020. - # 2 (30). - S. 41-45.
2. Koblov F. Ch. K voprosu o kompleksnom podhode k vospitaniju detej shkol'nogo i studencheskogo vozrasta // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019.- # 10 (137). - S. 363-364.
3. Nagoeva M. A., Bidova B. B. Nacional'naja ideja v sisteme nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Chechenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2018. - # 2 (30). - S. 144-148.
4. Safronov D. M., Shamaev A. M. Pandemija COVID-19 kak vozmozhnaja prichina vozniknovenija massovyh besporjadkov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.- 2020. - # 4 (143). - S. 393-394.
5. Smirnova L. Ja., Shamaev A. M. Jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' strany: ugrozy i napravlenija ee obespechenija // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. - 2020. - T. 16. - # 3. - S. 27-30.
6. Shhagapsoev Z. L., Kanunnikova N. G. K voprosu o neobhodimosti sovershenstvovanija dejstvujushhego administrativnogo zakonodatel'stva v oblasti obespechenija bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija //Innovacii i investicii. - 2014. - # 8. - S. 174-177.

PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW
Romanovskaya I. V.
Factors determining the professional deformation of police employees
The article raises the question of the need to overcome such a phenomenon in the internal affairs bodies as professional deformation of employees. It must be emphasized that the manifestation of professional deformation is directly related to the individual characteristics of the personality and types of professional activity. An extreme form of professional deformation is the professional degradation of an employee, which is expressed in violations of the law, official discipline, drunkenness, and immoral behavior. Its development is facilitated by a number of factors considered in this article.
Keywords: professional activity, professional deformation, professional degradation, police officers.
Work bibliographic list
1. Petrov A. S. «Problema professional'noj deformacii lichnosti sotrudnika organov vnutrennih del» // Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. - 2000. - # 2 (14). – Omsk: Izdatel'stvo Omskoj akademii MVD Rossii, 2000.
2. Piljugina T. V. Social'no-psihologicheskie faktory riska razvitija kriminal'nyh form povedenija sotrudnikov pravoohranitel'nyh organov // Obshhestvo i pravo. - 2011. - # 4.
3. Proklov O. V. Problemy pravovoj i motivacionno-cennostnoj deformacii v professional'noj dejatel'nosti sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del// Administrativnoe i municipal'noe pravo. -2009. - # 5.

SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Gaysina L. M., Baranov E. Yu.
Social and communication technologies as an element of legal culture
In recent years, interest in social technologies, and, in particular, interest in social and communication technologies has increased significantly. At the same time, the effective application is currently hampered by a number of theoretical and practical problems that have
not been resolved. This article discusses various approaches that justify the importance of information and communication technologies for the regulation of human behavior, including both legal and ethical aspects.
Keywords: social and communication technologies, regulation of social processes and relationships, human behavior.
Work bibliographic list
1. Afanas'ev V. G. Chelovek v upravlenii obshhestvom[Tekst]. - M.: Politizdat, 1977. - 382 s.
2. Gavra D. P. Osnovy teorii kommunikacii: Uchebnoe posobie Standart tret'ego pokolenija D. P. Gavra. -SPb.: Piter, 2011. - S. 288.
3. Gajsina L. M. Soderzhanie truda i motivacija personala v kompanijah neftegazovogo kompleksa //Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Sociologija. Jekonomika. Politika. - 2014. - T. 4. - C. 13-16.
4. Koneckaja V. P. Sociologija kommunikacii: [Uchebnik] / V. P. Koneckaja. - M.: Mezhdunar. un-t biznesa i upr. (Brat'ja Karich), 1997. - 302 s.
5. Shherbina V. V. Social'nye tehnologii: istorija pojavlenija termina, transformacija soderzhanija, sovremennoe sostojanie // Sociologicheskie issledovanija. - 2014. - # 7. - S. 113-124.
6. Gaisina L. M., Shaykhislamov R. B., Shayakhmetova R.R., Kostyleva E. G., Goremykina L. I., Gainanova E. I. The essence and structural elements of a healthy lifestyle of students // Espacios. - 2019. - Vol. 40 (# 21).- Page 10.
7. Gaisina L. M., Kolesnikova O. I., Medvedeva A. V., Fayruzova A. R., Efimenko E. L., Lopatina E. V. Russian Energetic Industry Enterprises: Social Orientation of the Information Management // Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism. - 2017. - Vol. VIII. - # 5
(21). - Pp. 1119-1131.
8. Gorokhova A. E., Gaisina L. M., Gareev E. S., Shutov N. V., Shakirova E. V. Application of coaching methods at agricultural and industrial enterprises to improve the quality of young specialists’ adaptation // Quality - Access to Success. - 2018. - Vol. 19. - # 164. - Pp. 103-108.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Zaitsev A. G., Takmakova E. V., Zubanova A. E.
Dynamics of income of the rural population of the Orel region
The article examines the level and dynamics of available resources of households living in rural areas of the Orel region in comparison with urban households, the structure of rural income, trends in the purchasing power of rural income. Conclusions are drawn about the prospects for the development of rural incomes depending on the trends in the development of the agricultural industry.
Keywords: income of the population, rural population, personal subsidiary farming, purchasing power, subsistence minimum.
Work bibliographic list
1. Orlovskij kraj v XX stoletii. / Orlovskij oblastnoj komitet gos. statistiki. – Orel, 2001. – 423 s.
2. Oficial'nyj sajt Federal'noj sluzhby gosudarstvennoj statistiki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]Serova E., Lerman C., Zvjagincev D. Diversifikacija istochnikov dohoda sel'skih domohozjajstv i al'ternativnaja zanjatost': rezul'taty obsledovanija // Voprosy jekonomiki. – 2008. – # 6. – S. 84-97
3. Strategija social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Orlovskoj oblasti na period do 2035 goda. Portal Orlovskoj oblasti. [Takmakova E.V. Rol' dohodov ot vedenija lichnyh podsobnyh hozjajstv v sovokupnom dohode sel'skih zhitelej // Nikonovskie chtenija. –2006. – # 11. – S. 123-125.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Kormishova A. V.
Current issues of improving the strategic management of tourist services
Today, it is impossible to imagine everyday life without the tourism services industry. Every year, the coverage of the tourism industry increases, and the choice for customers increases. Nevertheless, the tourism industry, like any other industry, faces various challenges as it develops. All the new issues that arise in the tourism sector require greater organization, rational distribution of labor resources and, most importantly, an effective system of strategic management. In this article, the authors highlight, in his opinion, the main issues of improving the strategic management of tourist services that are relevant for this period.
Keywords: strategic management, travel company, management, travel service, service reliability, guarantees.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abalakov A. D., Pankeeva N. S. Osobennosti razvitija turizma v period global'nogo jekonomicheskogo krizisa // Geografija i prirodnye resursy. - 2017.- # 3. - S. 111-117.
2. Baumgarten L. V. Strategicheskij menedzhment v turizme. - M.: Izdatel'skij dom «Akademija», 2005.
3. Beljakova M. O strategicheskih izmenenijah v turizme v 2020 godu v uslovijah pandemii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ifur.ranepa.ru/news/?ELEMENT_ID=318741.
4. Il'ina E. N. Turoperejting: strategija obsluzhivanija. - M: Finansy i statistika, 2008.
5. Loguncova I. V. Industrija turizma v uslovijah pandemii koronovirusa: vyzovy i perspektivy // Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie. Jelektronnyj vestnik.– Vypusk # 10. – 2020.
6. Kabanov V., Mihajlov S. Jekonomicheskaja nadezhnost' kompanii // Upravlenie kompaniej. - 2007. - # 10.
7. Kosolapov A. B. Menedzhment v turistskoj firme. -M.: KNORUS, 2007.
8. Strategija razvitija turizma Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2035 g., utverzhdena Rasporjazheniem Pravitel'stva RF ot 20 sentjabrja 2019 g. #2129-r. S. 10 // Pravitel'stvo Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - http://government.ru/docs/37906/ (data obrashhenija: 21.04.2020).
9. Rybakova Zh. G. Napravlenija sovershenstvovanija strategicheskogo menedzhmenta organizacij turistskogo servisa // Terra Economicus. – 2010. –T. 8. -# 2. - S. 52-58.
10. Shumilova Ju. A. Nadezhnost' jekonomiki predprijatija: metodologicheskij aspekt // Problemy i perspektivy upravlenija jekonomikoj i marketingom v organizacii. - 2001. - # 1.
11. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://34travel.me/post/greece-from-home.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Marchenkova L. M., Samorodova E. M., Ilyukhina I. B.
Prospects for the correlation of politics and law in international relations
The most important feature of the development of the modern economy is the presence of various legal norms. Questions related to the relationship between law and politics have always been at the center of scientific thought. Due to the transition of the system of international relations to a multipolar model, the growing number of threats and challenges, and the aggravation of various problems, the role of international law in the world economy and politics is increasing. Thus, the issue of prospects for the correlation of politics and law in international relations is relevant.
Keywords: international relations, politics, law, norms of law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vylegzhanin A. Voprosy sootnoshenija i vzaimodejstvija mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij i mezhdunarodnogo prava [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: / https://russiancouncil.ru/analytics-and-comments/analytics/voprosy-sootnosheniya-i-vzaimodeystviyamezhdunarodnykh-otno/
2. Lebedeva M. M. Mirovaja politika [Jelektronnyj resurs]: uchebnik. — M.: KnoRus, 2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://book.ru/book/926535 /
3. Levin D.B. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo, vneshnjaja politika i diplomatija. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 1981.
4. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Red. koll. Vylegzhanin A.N., Kolosov Ju.M., Maleev Ju.N., Gevorgjan K.G. - M. Jurajt. 2012.
5. Sovremennaja mirovaja politika: prikladnoj analiz/ otv. red. A. D. Bogaturov. M., 2010.
6. Sovremennye mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija i mirovaja politika / otv. red. A. V. Torkunov. M., 2004.
7. Spasskaja N.V. Pravovye osnovy funkcionirovanija investicionnogo fonda Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2015. - # 4 (83).- S. 191-193.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Medvedeva L. B., Ustinova O. V.
Strategic directions of agricultural producers as a factor of increasing food security in the region
In the article, the authors considered the resource potential of an agricultural enterprise, as part of the creation of food security in the region. The authors identified the main strategic directions of the company’s activities related to the use of the system of material incentives for employees of the agricultural sector of the economy.
As well as options for technological operations aimed at increasing the yield of grain crops, within which there is an increase in economic indicators, profit and profitability of production.
Keywords: food security, economic indicators, plant protection products, crop production, grain profitability.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agapitova L. G. Teoreticheskie aspekty statisticheskogo issledovanija predprinimatel'stva // V sbornike: Razvitie predprinimatel'stva v regionah. -Tjumen': TGNGU, 2009. - S. 134-137.
2. Butorina G. Ju., Agapitova L. G. Innovacionnoe predprinimatel'stvo v regione: razvitie, problemy i puti ih reshenija // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. - 2017. - # 8-3 (85). - S. 428-433.
3. Kirilova O. V. Innovacionnye rychagi strategicheskogo upravlenija precizioznymi tehnologijami v uslovijah cifrovoj jekonomiki // Evrazijskij jekonomicheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - # 2 (117). - S. 332-334.
4. Larionova N. P. Stimulirovanie razvitija malyh form hozjajstvovanija v APK Tjumenskoj oblasti //Vestnik Tjumenskoj gosudarstvennoj sel'skohozjajstvennoj akademii. - 2008. - # 2. - S. 37. (15)
5. Medvedeva L. B. Malye predprijatija, kak uslovie kak uslovie jekonomicheskoj stabil'nosti v obshhestve riska // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. -2018. - # 10 (99). - S. 771-773.
6. Medvedeva L. B. Analiz jeffektivnosti trudovyh resursov agrarnyh predprijatij Tjumenskoj oblasti // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. - 2017. -# 9-1 (86). - S. 986-988.
7. Medvedeva L. B. Proektirovanie sistemy upravlenija personala malogo predprijatija // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. - 2020. - # 1 (102). - S. 660-663.
8. Medvedeva L. B. Problemy regulirovanija jekonomicheskih pokazatelej v uslovijah ogranichennyh resursov // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. - 2020.- # 1 (102). - S. 850-853.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Ortskhanova M. A., Kitieva M. I., Polonkoeva F. Ya.
Russian labor market in modern economic conditions
The article is devoted to the life of the labor market in modern economic conditions. The essence and content of the labor market in the works of modern Russian specialists are analyzed, the author’s refined formulation of the labor market is proposed. The regime of relations in the labor market between employees and employers, between subjects of the labor market and their representatives, between subjects of the labor market and authorities is analyzed. The apparatus
for coordinating the labor market, which establishes the interaction and regulation of the diverse
participation of employers and workers, is investigated.
Keywords: labor market, labor force, employment, unemployment, unemployment benefits, employment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gimpel'son V. E., Kapeljushnikov R. I. Perestrojka na rynke truda: mozhno li schitat' Rossiju osobym sluchaem? // V kn.: Jekonomika Rossii. Oksfordskij sbornik / Per. s angl. Kn. 1. - M.: Institut Gajdara, 2015.
2. Dadishhev A. Z. Problemy regulirovanija zanjatosti i regulirovanija rynka truda Rossii. – M., 2014.
3. Orchanova M. A., Polonkoeva F. Ja., Kitieva M. I. Sovremennyj rynok truda Rossii: analiz i osobennosti razvitija // Colloquium-journal. - 2019. -# 3-7 (27). - S. 15-16.
4. Orchanova M. A., Kitieva M. I., Kodzoev M. U. Rynok truda v regionah SKFO: analiz, tendencii i prioritetnye napravlenija razvitija // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. - 2015. - # 10-2 (63). - S. 484-488.
5. Federal'naja sluzhba gosudarstvennoj statistiki.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.gks.ru/wps/portal, 2017.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Rogovskaya N. I., Dyuzheva M. B.
Requirements of the professional standard for the activity of an Internet marketer
The order of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation of 19.02.2019 approved the professional standard “Internet Marketing Specialist”. This standard is used to determine the competence and area of responsibility of a specialist. The profession of an Internet marketer is relatively new, but at the same time it is gaining popularity, and therefore it is important to study its professional standards. The authors of the article highlight the main requirements of the professional standard for the activity of an Internet marketer.
Keywords: professional standard, marketer, Internet marketer, personnel documentation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Levinskaja A. Pandemija uskorila tempy rosta rossijskoj onlajn-torgovli // RBK. 12 ijulja 2020.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.rbc.ru/business/12/07/2020/5f0850989a794790e959424d.
2. Portal Federal'nyh gosudarstvennyh obrazovatel'nyh standartov vysshego obrazovanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://fgosvo.ru/uploadfiles/profstandart/06.043.pdf.
3. GARANT.RU [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.garant.ru/consult/business/668657/#ixzz6pQas4EEO.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Romanova A. A., Romanov P. A.
Modern approaches to risk assessment in innovation planning
The article explores the possibility of using heuristic methods in the risk management process of innovative projects. In particular, the paper proposes the adaptation of one of the modern methods of security research to identify, assess and predict the risks of innovation.
Keywords: innovation, innovation risks, risk management, Swiss cheese model.
Work bibliographic list
1. About the HFACS Framework // HFACS, inc. 2021. –[Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.hfacs.com/hfacs-framework.html.
2. Larouzee J. Good and bad reasons: The Swiss cheese model and its critics / J. Larouzee, J.-C. Le Coze // Safety Science– June 2016. – Volume 126. – [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/ S0925753520300576#f0005.
3. Museum of Failure. – [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: https://museumoffailure.com.
4. Number-crunchers crunched // The Economist. – 2010. –Feb 11. – [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.economist.com/special-report/2010/02/11/numbercrunchers-crunched.
5. Reason J. Revisiting the «Swiss Sheese» Model of Accidents/ J. Reason, E. Hollnagel, J. Paries; EUROCONTROL Experimental Centre. – Note No. 13/06. – 2006. – 25 p.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Petlya A. A.
Features of the strategic management of enterprises in the construction industry
The article examines the features of strategic management of enterprises in the construction industry. In the course of the study, it was found that the specificity of strategic management in the construction industry is due to the fact that the work of enterprises is implemented through the formation of a portfolio of orders. In order to develop the outline and select the mechanisms of strategic management, the article formalizes the stages of the analysis of the portfolio of orders. Taking into account the highlighted features and stages of the analysis of the order portfolio of a construction company, an algorithm has been developed for the implementation of the strategic management process, which clearly demonstrates the sequence of the corresponding stages of strategic management in relation to ensuring the development process of the enterprise.
Keywords: strategy, management, construction company.
Work bibliographic list
1. Asabiev B.R. Osobennosti formirovanija i realizacii strategicheskogo podhoda k upravleniju stroitel'nym predprijatiem // Pridneprovskij nauchnyj vestnik. 2018. T. 12. # 1. S. 010-024.
2. Yildiz, Acelya Ecem Using System Dynamics for Strategic Performance Management in Construction //Journal of management in engineering. 2020. Volume 36. Number 2. Pp. 51-57.
3. Le, Phuoc Luong Present focuses and future directions of decision-making in construction supply chain management: a systematic review // International journal of construction management. 2020. Volume 20. Number 5. Pp. 490-509.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Yankin G. N.
Key goals of the EAEU member States as an interstate integration association
The article considers the main tasks and goals of the EAEU member states as a form of interstate economic organization. Based on the materials of public speeches of the heads of the EAEU member states, the main economic and political tasks of the association are analyzed. The problematic aspects in achieving the individual and general goals of the EAEU are identified. The possibility of implementing the particular tasks of the participating states in the broad ideological context of the association is outlined.
Keywords: Eurasian Economic Union, integration, problems, geopolitics, geo-economics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kejno N. Proekt «Bol'shaja Evrazija» i EAJeS: zadachi vzaimodejstvija // Obshhestvo i jekonomika. – 2020. – #11. – S. 95-101.
2. Latuhina K. Sojuz pljus. Lidery stran EAJeS obsudili dal'nejshee ustranenie bar'erov v torgovle //Rossijskaja gazeta. – 01.10.2019.
3. Malikova A. H. Vlijanie bjudzhetno-finansovoj politiki na problemy obespechenija dostojnoj zhizni// Razvitie rynka truda na sovremennom jetape social'no-jekonomicheskih preobrazovanij: sbornik statej III Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii – Penza: RIO PGAU, 2020. – 110 s.
4. Sizov Ju. Lukashenko oboznachil vazhnye voprosy v EAJeS na fone pandemii // Rossijskaja gazeta. –14.04.2020.
5. Sizov Ju. Nazarbaev poobeshhal vsemernuju podderzhku v ukreplenii EAJeS // Rossijskaja gazeta. –25.02.2020.
6. Stepanov A. Jeho Mjunhena. Vystuplenie Putina: period beskonechnyh ljubeznostej i ulybok v otvet na postojannoe ushhemlenie interesov Rossii zakanchivaetsja // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 16.02.2007.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Medvedeva L. B., Filippova I. A
Lean production from theory to practice
In the article, the authors considered the theoretical aspects of lean production and the practical experience of implementing this practice at regional agricultural and processing enterprises within the framework of the National Project “Labor Productivity”. The implementation of this practice in agricultural production has its own characteristics and is focused on eliminating losses associated with the production process and the sale of manufactured products.
Keywords: lean production, labor productivity, agricultural production, stocks, production costs, losses.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agapitova L. G. Teoreticheskie aspekty statisticheskogo issledovanija predprinimatel'stva // V sbornike: Razvitie predprinimatel'stva v regionah. -Tjumen': TGNGU, 2009. - S. 134-137.
2. Butorina G. Ju., Agapitova L. G. Innovacionnoe predprinimatel'stvo v regione: razvitie, problemy i puti ih reshenija // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. - 2017. - # 8-3 (85). - S. 428-433.
3. Zubareva Ju. V., Osobennosti formirovanija celej upravlenija v sel'skom hozjajstve // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - # 2 (117). - S. 329-331.
4. Kirilova O. V. Innovacionnye rychagi strategichskogo upravlenija precizioznymi tehnologijami v uslovijah cifrovoj jekonomiki // Evrazijskij jekonomicheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - # 2 (117). - S. 332-334.
5. Larionova N. P. Stimulirovanie razvitija malyh form hozjajstvovanija v APK Tjumenskoj oblasti //Vestnik Tjumenskoj gosudarstvennoj sel'skohozjajstvennoj akademii. - 2008. - # 2. - S. 37 (15).
6. Medvedeva L. B. Analiz jeffektivnosti trudovyh resursov agrarnyh predprijatij Tjumenskoj oblasti // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. - 2017. -# 9-1 (86). - S. 986-988.
7. Medvedeva L. B. Malye predprijatija, kak uslovie kak uslovie jekonomicheskoj stabil'nosti v obshhestve riska // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. -2018. - # 10 (99). - S. 771-773.
8. Medvedeva L. B. Problemy regulirovanija jekonomicheskih pokazatelej v uslovijah ogranichennyh resursov // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. - 2020.- # 1 (102). - S. 850-853.
9. Medvedeva L. B. Proektirovanie sistemy upravlenija personala malogo predprijatija // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. - 2020. - # 1 (102). - S. 660-663.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Benashvili K. A.
EU energy policy on the case of the southern gas corridor project
The article examines issues related to the transportation of energy resources of the Caspian region to the EU markets. In this regard, special attention is paid to the potential of the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) project. UGK is a large successfully implemented project in the Caspian region. For the EU, this is an additional source of natural gas and this project was supported as part of the diversification program. The paper reveals that despite the active development of the EU policy of transition to renewable energy sources, gas will continue to play an important role in the EU energy strategy.
Keywords: Southern Gas Corridor, European Union, Caspian Region, TANAP (Trasanatolian Gas Pipeline), TAP (Trans Adriatic Pipeline), EU Energy Strategy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Guliev I., Litvinjuk I. «Velikij gazovyj put'»:novye povoroty // Stat'ja v otkrytom arhive. - #4-5952. - 19.05.2015.
2. Ibragimov S. R., Mehdiev Je. T. Vlijanie gazovyh mestorozhdenij vostochnogo sredizemnomor'ja na evropejskuju jenergeticheskuju bezopasnost' // Voprosy politologii. - 2020. - T. 10. - # 1 (53). - S. 209-217.
3. Chernysheva N. A., Perskaya V. V., Petrov A. M., Bakulina A. A Green energy for belt and road initiative: economic aspects today and in the future // International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy. - 2019. - T. 9.- # 5. - S. 178-185.
4. Guliev I., Voytov N., Sokolova E., Mekhdiev E. Media discourse on Russian foreign energy policy in the EU countries and its impact on Russian-European relations in the context of the “Nord stream” projects // Espacios.- 2019. - T. 40. - # 40. - S. 1-13.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Abuzarova N. A.
On human morality
The article substantiates the idea that ethics tries to show the paths following which a person can come to a moral life. It is shown that on this path a person is opposed by external and internal forces. The thesis is postulated according to which the formation of a person as a moral being is associated with the efforts of the person himself to overcome the evil in himself; it is argued that it is morality that gives dignity to our lives.
Keywords: ethics, morality, man, moral law, moral norms, freedom, the golden rule of morality.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gusejnov A. A. Chto ja ponimaju pod negativnoj jetikoj // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Ser. 7. Filosofija. – 2009. – # 6. – S. 3-20.
2. Kant. I. O pedagogike // Kant I. Sochinenija. V 8-mit. T. 8. – M.: Choro, 1994. – 718 s.
3. Kant. I. Osnovy metafiziki nravstvennosti // Kant I. Kritika prakticheskogo razuma. – SPb.: «Nauka», 1995. – 528 s.
4. Kant I. Kritika prakticheskogo razuma // Kant I. Kritika prakticheskogo razuma. –SPb.: «Nauka», 1995. – 528 s.
5. Kant I. Metafizika nravov // Kant I. Kritika prakticheskogo razuma. – SPb.: «Nauka», 1995. – 528 s.
6. Kant I. Religija v predelah tol'ko razuma // Kant I. Traktaty. – SPb.: «Nauka», 1996. – 553 s.
7. Mamardashvili M. K. Byt' filosofom – jeto sud'ba // Mamardashvili M. K. Kak ja ponimaju filosofiju. – M.: Izdatel'skaja gruppa «Progress» «Kul'tura», 1992. – 416 s.
8. Mamardashvili M. K. Jestetika myshlenija. – M.:«Moskovskaja shkola politicheskih issledovanij», 2001. – 416 s.
9. Frank S. L. Smysl zhizni // Frank S. L. Duhovnye osnovy obshhestva. – M.: Respublika, 1992. – 511 s.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Vorokhobov A. V., Semikopov D. V.,
Sobko R. V., Ulanov M. V.,
Aesthetic and moral in the humanistic philosophy of N. V. Gogol
The article examines the humanistic motives in the works of N. V. Gogol. In his humanistic philosophy, opposing the concepts of aesthetics and morality, the writer comes to the conclusion that the activity of the harmonious should be directed primarily to his inner world, that is, to the soul, and not to external circumstances. At the same time, the thinker proceeds from Christian views, claiming that it is the inner principle that is capable of transforming the outer principle.
Keywords: N. V. Gogol, humanism, Christianity, anthropology, ethics, aesthetics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vorohobov A. V., Semikopov D. V., Sobko R. V., Ulanov M.V., Peshkov A. A. Istoricheskij put' Rossii v istoriosofskih vozzrenijah N. V. Gogolja // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 1 (140).– S. 466-467.
2. Vorohobov A. V., Mjakinin A. E., protoierej, Gorbatovskij N. E., protoierej. Problema dvoeverija na Rusi v otechestvennoj istoriografii: analiz bazovyh koncepcij // Niva gospodnja. Vestnik Penzenskoj duhovnoj seminarii. – Penza, 2019. – Vypusk 3 (13). – 2019. – S. 20-28.
3. Vorohobov A. V. Hristianskoe poslanie i ego kontekstualizacija // Damaskin. Zhurnal Nizhegorodskoj duhovnoj seminarii. – Nizhnij Novgorod, 2019. – # 4(50). – S. 10-15.
4. Gogol' N. V. Mertvye dushi. Vybrannye mesta iz perepiski s druz'jami. Biblioteka otechestvennoj klassicheskoj hudozhestvennoj literatury. – M.: Izdatel'stvo «Drofa», 2010.
5. Zen'kovskij V. Istorija russkoj filosofii. Chast' II. XIX vek. Akademicheskij Proekt, Raritet. – M., 2001 .
6. Filosofija N. V. Gogolja. Sbornik nauchnyh statej. Serija: «Filosofija: Ljudi i idei». Vypusk III. – M., 2009.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Kruchinin S. V.
Understanding climate change due to the pandemic
The article examines the changing attitudes towards climate and environmental issues in connection with the pandemic that began in 2020. Previously, many issues were considered unsolvable, but during the pandemic, the government not only demonstrated the ability to fully influence the country’s economy, sometimes by slowing down certain processes, sometimes by pouring in huge amounts, but also the ability to regulate the activities of the private sector. Market regulation has never been so global. This is what makes it possible to assume that, if necessary, the government can respond to climate and environmental problems just as significantly, involving the population in this process.
Keywords: climate change, ecology, impact, new realities.
Work bibliographic list
1. Denisova V. Energy efficiency as a way to ecological safety: evidence from Russia // International journal of energy eco-nomics and policy. – 2019. – T. 9. – # 5. – S. 32.
2. Frolov D. P. et al. Strategic planning of regional ecological development: adaptation of Elinor Ostrom’s principles in Russia // Russia and the European Union. – Springer, Cham, 2017. – S. 39-45.
3. Hao Y. et al. The effects of ecological policy of Kyrgyzstan based on data envelope analysis // Sustainability. – 2019. –T. 11. – # 7. – S. 1922.
4. Kurbatova S. et al. Ecological postulates of the national environmental policy (on the example of the Russian Federation) // E3S Web of Conferences. – EDP Sciences, 2020. – T. 157. – S. 04023.
5. Poltarykhin A. et al. Problems of the ecological system in Russia and directions for their solution based on economic and social development programs // Journal of Environmental Management & Tourism. – 2020. – T. 10. – # 4 (36). – S. 508-514.
6. Semenova G. The ecological tax in Russia as the economic instrument of the environmental protection // E3S Web of Conferences. – EDP Sciences, 2019. – T. 91. – S. 08046.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Sudakova N. E., Plintsovsky A. S.
Philosophical reflection of inclusive festival movement in the context of disability (on the example of the experience of the USA and EU countries)
The article reveals the problem of the formation of the phenomenon of inclusion by means of the festival movement. Particular attention is paid to people with health deficits and their opportunities for self-realization. The paper presents a philosophical analysis of this area on the example of the countries of the United States and the European Union, as the most ambitious and informative source for understanding the main factors of the modern deployment of inclusion by means of creative industries.
Keywords: inclusion, disability, people with health deficits, festival movement, creativity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alehina, S.V. Inkljuzivnoe obrazovanie dlja detej s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostjami zdorov'ja /S.V. Alehina//Sovremennye obrazovatel'nye tehnologii v rabote s det'mi, imejushhimi ogranichennye vozmozhnosti zdorov'ja: monografija / N.V. Novikova, L.A. Kazakova, S.V. Alehina; pod obshh. red N.V. Laletina;Sib. Feder. un-t, Krasnojar. gos. ped. un-t im. V.P. Astaf'eva. Krasnojarsk, 2013. S. 71-95.
2. Alehina S.V., Mel'nik Ju.V., Samsonova E.V., Shemanov A.Ju. Jekspertnaja ocenka parametrov inkljuzivnogo processa v obrazovanii. Klinicheskaja i special'naja psihologija. 2020., T. 9. # 2. S. 62-78.
3. ACCAC. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://accac.global (data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021).
4. Budanov V.G. Konceptual'naja model' socio-antropologicheskih proekcij konvergirujushhih NBICS-tehnologij // V sbornike: Socio-antropologicheskie resursy transdisciplinarnyh issledovanij v kontekste innovacionnoj civilizacii. Sbornik
statej mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo vebinara. Otvetstvennyj redaktor: Aseeva I.A. 2015. S. 24-34.
5. Vsemirnyj doklad ob invalidnosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.who.int/disabilities/world_report/2011/report/ru (data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021)
6. Sudakova N.E. Inkljuzija kak cennostnoe jadro filosofii gumanizm. Observatorija kul'tury. 2018. T. 15. # 1. S. 21-31.
7. Indeks inkljuzivnogo razvitija, 2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www3.weforum.org/__docs/WEF_Forum_IncGrwth_2018.pdf (data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021)
8. Inkljuzivnyj muzej. The Inclusive Museum.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://onmuseums.com (data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021).
9. Inkljuzivnyj teatr «WNY» (ITOWNY). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://inclusivetheaterofwny.com (data poseshhenija:16.01.2021).
10. Missija i videnie. Inkljuzivnyj teatr «WNY».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://inclusivetheaterofwny.com/mission-and-vision/ (data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021)
11. Samsonova E.V., Shemanov A.Ju. Metodologicheskie aspekty inkljuzivnogo obrazovanija // V sbornike:Inkljuzivnoe obrazovanie: preemstvennost' inkljuzivnoj kul'tury i praktiki. Sbornik materialov IV Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj kon-
ferencii. 2017. S. 45-55.
12. Sudakova N.E. Inkljuzija v sisteme universalij kul'tury: samocennost' Drugogo v stanovlenii souchastnogo bytija // Chelovek. Obshhestvo. Inkljuzija. 2018. # 3 (35). S. 32-38.
13. Sudakova N.E. Inkljuzija kak cennostnoe jadro filosofii gumanizma // Observatorija kul'tury. 2018. T. 15. # 1. S. 21-31.
14. Sudakova N.E. Inkljuzivnoe obrazovanie kak put' social'noj integracii detej s osobymi obrazovatel'nymi potrebnostjami // FӘn-nauka. 2011. # 2 (2). S. 32-34.
15. Sudakova N.E. Osmyslenie mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo prava kak sociokul'turnogo fenomena v kontekste stanovlenija sovremennoj lichnosti // Vyzovy global'nogo mira. Vestnik IMTP. 2014. # 1. S. 140-144.
16. Sudakova N.E., Sapel'nikov D.S., Popova M.V. Tvorchestvo v kontekste kul'turfilosofskogo osmyslenija i pedagogicheskogo modelirovanija mirovozzrenija lichnosti: monografija. M.: Buki Vedi, 2016. 184 s.
17. Sudakova N.E. Fenomen inkljuzii v prostranstve sovremennoj kul'tury: dis. … dokt. filos. n.: 09.00.13/ Sudakova Natalija Evgen'evna. M., 2019. 440s.
18. Sudakova N.E. Chelovek v jepohu inkljuzii: rozhdenie souchastnogo Bytija: monografija. M.: Buki Vedi, 2018. 216 s.
19. Chelovek: Mysliteli proshlogo i nastojashhego o ego zhizni, smerti i bessmertii. Drevnij mir — jepoha Prosveshhenija / Redkol.: I. T. Frolov i dr.; Sost. P. S. Gurevich. M.: Politizdat, 1991.
20. Shapinskaja E.N. Obraz Drugogo v tekste kul'tury. M.:KRASAND, 2012. 216 s.
21. Shemanov A.Ju., Makaeva, D.Je. Tvorchestvo i inkljuzivnaja kul'tura obrazovatel'noj organizacii.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.psyedu.ru Psihologicheskaja nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru 2016. Tom 8. # 1. S. 24-34.
22. Shemanov A.Ju. Problema formirovanija inkljuzivnoj obshhnosti v izuchenii tvorcheskoj dejatel'nosti //Psihologicheskaja nauka i obrazovanie. 2014. # 1. S. 17-25.
23. Festival' Art et Décirure. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://artetdechirure.fr/le-festival/ (data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021)
24. Festival' DaDaFestInternational. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.efestivals.co.uk/festivals/dadafest (data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021)
25. Festival' InTaKT. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://intakt-festival.at (data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021).
26. Festival' FestDif. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.lyoncapitale.fr/culture/Villeurbanne-le-Fest-Dif-de-la-difference-et-de-la-diversite/ (data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021).
27. Festival' Out of the box. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://biennaleoutofthebox.ch (data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021).
28. Festival' Kyma Festival. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.kymaproject.com/en/open-call-for-kyma-festival-2019/ (data poseshhenija:16.01.2021).
29. Festival' SkanesDansteater. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.skanesdansteater.se/en(data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021).
30. Festival' Morodals-festivalen. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://morodalsfestivalen.no/english.html (data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021).
31. Festival' FestDif. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.lyoncapitale.fr/culture/Villeurbanne-le-Fest-Dif-de-la-difference-et-de-ladiversite/
(data poseshhenija: 16.01.2021).
32. Hornby, G. Inclusive special education: Development of a new theory for the education of children with special educational needs and disabilities // British Journal of Special Education. 2015. # 3. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1467-8578.12101 (data poseshhenija: 02.02.2020).
33. Inclusive education faces headwinds. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2017-10/30/content_33881001.htm (data poseshhenija 02.02.2020)
34. Liasidou A. «Inclusive education and critical pedagogy at the intersections of disability, race, gender and class»// Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies. 2012. Vol. 10. # 1. P. 168-84.
35. Liasidou A. Inclusive Education, Politics and Policymaking. Perspectives on Inclusion: Discourses, Politics and Educational Practice. London: Continuum, 2012. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://media.bloomsbury.com/rep/files/9781441157393-_combined.pdf (data poseshhenija: 02.02.2020).
36. MaksimovićM. Contemporary Issues and Perspectives on Gender Research in Adult Education / M. Maksimović [et al.]. –Institute for Pedagogy and Andragogy. Serbia. Belgrade, 2016. 283 p.
37. Philosophy of Inclusion. Manitoba. Education and Training. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa:https://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/docs/support/dhh_resource/intro.pdf (data poseshhenija: 02.02.2020).
38. Philosophy of Inclusion for Students with Disability. Department of Education. Northern Territory Govermant. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://education.nt.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/268825/Philosopy-for-Inclusion.pdf (data poseshhenija 02.02.2019==20).
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Ivanova E. V., Melnikova E. V.
Legal protection of religious sentiments of believers:features of conducting religious expertise
The article deals with the actual aspects of interaction between lawyers and religious scholars in conducting religious expertise on the issues of insulting the religious feelings of religious citizens. An attempt is made to define the concept of “religious feelings”, their composition. The significance of the work of an expert religious scholar in assisting law enforcement agencies is shown.
Keywords: religion, religious expertise, religious feelings, insult to religious feelings, legal protection.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dzhejms U. Mnogoobrazie religioznogo opyta. - M., 1993. - 432 c.
2. Ivanova E. V., Zarubina E. V. Pravovaja osnova protivodejstvija religioznomu jekstremizmu i terrorizmu v Rossijskoj Federacii i osobennosti provedenija religiovedcheskoj jekspertizy // Vestnik Ural'skogo instituta jekonomiki, upravlenija i
prava. - 2016. - # 3 (36). - S. 11-20.
3. Ponkin I. Chelovecheskoe dostoinstvo verujushhih // Zhurnal Moskovskoj Patriarhii. - 2013. - # 9. - S. 39-45 .
4. Chernyshkova Z. E., Ivanova E. V, Kuznecova O. V. Religiovedcheskaja jekspertiza: analiz dejstvij, napravlennyh na oskorblenie religioznyh chuvstv verujushhih // Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i juridicheskie nauki, kul'turologija i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. - 2017.- # 3-2 (77). - S. 202-205.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Kulzhanova G. T.
On the question of the socio-cultural integrity of the concept of «Human capital»
The article considers human capital as a complex socio-cultural integrity, where a significant place is given to the spiritual component.
The relevance of the issue under study is due to the fact that the problem of integration, consolidation of society has an impact on the formation of human capital, which is the success of solving the problems of innovative development of society. The author substantiates the idea that human capital, as well as all internal personal wealth, is not possible without the spiritual and moral component of the essence of a person and his being. Fundamental changes in the ontological identity of a person involve significant investments in human capital, which primarily means solving the problems of spiritual improvement of a person.
Keywords: human capital, morality, spiritual and moral values, modernization, globalization, consolidation, integration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sartaeva R.S. Obshhestvo znanij i problemy kachestva v razvitii chelovecheskogo kapitala // Al'-Farabi. - 2015. - # 2 (50). - S. 23-38
2. Gegel' G.V.F. Lekcii po filosofii istorii. - SPb.:Nauka, 1993, 2000. - 480 s.
3. Barlybaeva G.G., Nysanbaev A.N. Jeticheskaja mysl' kazahov kak osnova duhovnogo vozrozhdenija strany //Voprosy filosofii. - 2018. - # 9. - S. 13-19
4. Nikitenko P.G., Il'janok A.M. Singuljarnye tehnologii – nauchnoe napravlenie ustojchivogo noosfernogo razvitija Belarusi, Rossii i drugih stran SNG// Jekonomicheskie i social'nye peremeny: fakty, tendencii, prognoz. - 2014. - # 2 (32). - S. 169-185
5. Berkut V.P., Pesockij V.A., Majkova V.P., Molchan Je.M., Bondareva Ja. V. Metodologicheskie i aksiologicheskie podhody k resheniju problem konsolidacii obshhestva v jepohu globalizacii // Vestnik Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. - 2018. - Tom 8. # 1. - S. 138-157
6. Chelovecheskij kapital kak osnova formirovanija innovacionnoj kul'tury kazahstanskogo obshhestva (social'no-filosofskij analiz). Kollektivnaja monografija / Pod obshh. red. Z.K. Shaukenovoj. - Al-maty: Institut filosofii, politologii i religiovedenija KN MON RK, 2014. - 279 s.
7. Nasibulina A. Education for Sustainable Development and Environmental Ethics // Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. - 2015. - Vol. 214. - P. 1077-1082.
8. Yachina N. The Problem of Spiritual and Moral Formation of Personality // Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences. - 2015. - Vol. 197. - P. 1575-1579.
9. Drouin E., Drouin A.-S. Jean Lhermitte on Consciousness// L’Encéphale. - 2017. - Vol. 43. Issue 5. - P. 407-408.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Gimalovа I. V.
Changing characteristics of social space (reflections in the context of a pandemic)
This article is devoted to the analysis of social space in the context of a pandemic. The article considers the changes in the social space in the context of the pandemic. The analysis highlights new trends and characteristics of the social space and prospects for its development after the pandemic.
Keywords: social space, society, pandemic, support programs, volunteerism, coronavirus infection.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bodrijjar Zh. Simuljakry i simuljacija / Per. s fr. O.A. Pechenkinoj. – Tula: Tul'skij poligrafist, 2013. – 204 s.
2. Boldonova I.S., Cydenova N.S. Social'no-filosofskie problemy virtual'nogo obshhenija // Vestnik Burjatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. –2014. – Vyp. 6 (1). – S. 45-49.
3. Gimalova I.V., Pozdjaeva S.M. Svoeobrazie kommunikacii v real'nom i virtual'nom social'nom prostranstve // Aktual'nye problemy kommunikacii: teorija i praktika: materialy XII Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (g. Ufa, 29 oktjabrja 2020 g.)/ otv.red. R.R. Sulejmanova. – Ufa:RIC BashGU, 2020. – S.40-45.
4. Evstaf'ev V., Ciganova L. Transformacii social'nogo prostranstva kak predchuvstvie novogo mira. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://expert.ru/2020/05/6/transformatsii-sotsialnogoprostranstva-kak-predchuvstvie-novogo-mira/ (data obrashhenija 30.01.2021).
5. Kalimullin D.D. Internet kak jelement sociokul'-turnoj dinamiki // Territorija novyh vozmozhnostej. Vestnik Vladivostokskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta jekonomiki i servisa. – 2014. – # 1 (24). – S. 205-214.
6. Kmidta M. Kak posle pandemii izmenjatsja obshhestvennye prostranstva i nasha zhizn' v gorode. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.buro247.ru/culture/architecture/14-apr-2020-urban-landscape-after-covid.html (data obrashhenija 30.01.2021).
7. Martynov K. Homo digitus // Fond Obshhestvennoe Mnenie / FOM. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://fom.ru/science/10025 (data obrashhenija: 29.01.2021).
8. Ministerstvo zdravoohranenija Respubliki Bashkortostan. V Ufe mediki poluchili v pol'zovanie novye avtomobili «Lada». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://health.bashkortostan.ru/presscenter/news/270595/ (data obrashhenija 31.01.2021).
9. Shul'man E. Obshhestvo v svete pandemii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.unesco.org/courier/2020-3/obshchestvo-v-svete-pandemii (data obrashhenija 31.01.2021).
10. Lenta.ru. «Jeto kak holodnaja vojna». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lenta.ru/articles/2020/10/15/vaccine_diplomacy/ (data obrashhenija: 29.01.2021).
11. Ria.ru. Sindrom neverija: kto i zachem protestuet protiv noshenija masok. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20201121/maski-1585561183.html(data obrashhenija 31.01.2021)
12. The village.ru. Kak koronavirus izmenil kul'turu.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.the-village.ru/weekend/weekend-guide/380227-kak-koronavirus-izmenil-kulturu (data obrashhenija 31.01.2021).
13. Ufa1.ru. Volontery, kotorye privozjat pensioneram v Ufe produkty i lekarstva: «Nash dolg— pomogat' bol'nymi i nemoshhnym». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ufa1.ru/text/gorod/2020/03/31/69062827/ (data obrashhenija 31.01.2021).
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Kruchinin S. V.
Meritocracy as a type of discrimination
The article examines modern society in the context of social inequality, which inevitably exists in any society, but its criteria are different. An important idea is that the abilities and overall assessment of a person and personality should not and cannot be reduced to a certain set of formal attributes and criteria, regardless of whether they are exam results, IQ score or other. By itself, the division of people according to their achievements is not correct and leads to the stimulation of external achievements, rather than internal ones, which is not useful for society.
Keywords: meritocracy, liberalism, democracy, social inequality.
Work bibliographic list
1. Auer M., Kim K. S. Engineering Education for a Smart Society // GEDC-WEEF 2016, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. – 2018. – T. 627.
2. Carl N. How stifling debate around race, genes and IQ can do harm // Evolutionary Psychological Science. –2018. – T. 4. – # 4. – S. 399-407.
3. DeBoer F. Standardized Assessments of College Learning: Past and Future // New America. – 2016.– S. 26-44.
4. Fleming P. Hayek Shrugged: Why Bureaucracy Didn’t Die Under Neoliberalism But Boomed Instead //New Formations. – 2020. – T. 100. – # 100-101. – S. 114-128.
5. Sandel M. J. The Tyranny of Merit: What’s Become of the Common Good? – London: Allen Lane, 2020.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Ilikaev A. S.
«Purely Mari faith» as a way of national self-determination of the Mari people
The article deals with the phenomenon of the Mari national religion, which is a way of national self-determination of the Mari people.
The author points out that those researchers who believe that it is impossible to distinguish the pre-Christian and pre-Muslim basis of the Mari religion and mythology are wrong. In addition, concrete examples show that the Mari religion is original and irreducible to the Turkic and Slavic borrowings.
Keywords: Socio-political and religious organizations, ethnic politics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alybina T. Transformacija marijskoj religioznoj tradicii v postsovetskij period. Dis. …na soiskanie stepeni doktora filosofii (jetnologii). – Tartu: Institut issledovanij kul'tury Tartuskogo universiteta, 2017. – 219 s.
2. Vershinin V. I. Marij mut-vlakyn kushech lij-mysht: jetimologij muter – Proishozhdenie slov marijskogo jazyka: jetimologicheskij slovar': v 2 t.– Joshkar-Ola, 2017-2018. – T. 1. A – M., 2017. – 346 s. T. II. N – Ja., 2018. – 394 s.
3. Marijcy. Istoriko-jetnograficheskie ocherki. Izdanie 2-e, dopolnennoe. – Joshkar-Ola: MarNII-JaLI, 2013. – 482 s.
4. Napol'skih V. V. Zametki na poljah knigi. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://udmurt.info/library/napolskikh/neoyaz.htm (data obrashhenija: 08.03.21).
5. Sadikov R. R. Konfessional'nye processy sredi marijcev Bashkirii (istorija i sovremennost') //Finno-ugrovedenie. – 2020. – # 61. – S. 177–183.
6. Smirnov I. N. Cheremisy: Istoriko-jetnograficheskij ocherk. Stat'i. Vstupitel'naja stat'ja K.N. Sanukova. – Joshkar-Ola: ROO RMJe PRM «SMM «Uvij (Molodaja sila)». – Serija «Istoricheskoe nasledie marijskogo naroda». 2014. – 304 s.
7. Sharipov R. G. K voprosu o rekonstrukcii religiozno-mifologicheskoj sistemy drevnih bashkir v doislamskij period // V Lomonosovskie chtenija. Aktual'nye voprosy fundamental'nyh i prikladnyh issledovanij. Mezhdunarodnaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija. 23 dekabrja 2020 g. Petrozavodsk: MCNP «Novaja nauka». S. 199-206.
8. Galiullina S., Suleymanov A., Niyazova G., Bakulina Yu. Political Processes In Russia And Islamic Radicalism. Central Asia and the Caucasus. 2017. T. 18. # 4. S. 85-92.
9. Galiullina S. D., Suleymanov A R., Karabulatova I. S., Bresler M. G., Fatkullina F. G., Kobyakova T. I., Gerasimova D. I., Safina E. A., Kulikov S. V. Social Networks As Channels Of The Distribution Of Ideas Of Islamic Radicalism In The Context Of Digital Threats Of Humanity. Revista Publicando. 2018. T. 5. # 18-2. S. 200-210.
10. Holmberg Uno. Die Religion der Tscheremissen. Porvoo, 1926. Russkij perevod knigi: NRF Mar-NII. Op. 1. D. 91.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Avdonin А. N.
On the foundations of social foresight. Part 2. (Alternative-attractor approach to the war of 1941-1945 and modernity)
The article alternative-attractor analysis predictions Fedotov about the initial period of war with Germany, the USSR and its grounds;provided that sufficient justification; the identified need for social foresight to cognition; research of the current global situation, its results and the structure of social foresight.
Keywords: pre-alternative and post-alternative periods of foresight, pre-and post-knowledge, practical activity of dominant groups, structure of fores ight.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arab-Ogly Je.A. Svoboda // Filosofskij jencikl-j sl-r'. M.: «Sov. Jencikl-ja», 1983. S. 505-597.
2. Baujer S.U. Istorija Drevnego mira. M.: AST: Astrel', 2011, 988s.
3. Velikaja Otechestvennaja vojna 1941-1945 g.g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://w.histrf.ru/articles/article/show/vielikaia_otiechiestviennaia_voina (data obrashhenija: 11.10.2019).
4. Vert A. Rossija v vojne 1941-1945. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://history.wikireading.ru/62181 (data obrashhenija 09.10.2019).
5. Istorija srednih vekov: v 2-h t. / pod red. Skazkina S.D. – M.: Vyssh. shk., 1977.
6. Kravchenko A. 1941 god: Tihij uzhas v tankovyh vojskah [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://xn--b1adccaencl0bewna2a.xn--p1ai/index.php/history/52-articles/3089-1941-god-tihii-ujas-vtankovyh-voiskah (data obrashhenija: 05.11.2019).
7. Mozohin O. Jevakuacija naselenija, ob"ektov promyshlennosti i kul'turnyh cennostej iz frontovoj zony v gody Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojny[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:
8. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/evakuatsiyanaseleniya-obektov-promyshlennosti-i-kulturnyhtsennostey-iz-prifrontovoy-zony-v-gody-velikoyotechestvennoy-voyny (data obrashhenija 21.10.2019).
9. Morgentau G. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morgentau,_Gans(data obrashhenija 24.01.2019g).
10. Rajzfel'd A. Stalinskie repressii: mify i real'nost' [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa:https://mikle1.livejournal.com/1520467.html (data obrashhenija: 24.10.2019).
11. Timonov M., Bahurin S. «Pogrom komandirov»:fakticheskie rezul'taty sredi komsostava RKKA v 1937-1938 godah [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://warspot.ru/3174-pogrom-komandirovfakticheskie-rezultaty-repressiy-sredi-komsostavarkka-v-1937-38-godah (data obrashhenija: 21.10.2019).
12. Hantington S. «Stolknovenie civilizacij». M.:AST; AST MOSKVA, 2007, 571 s.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Bondarenko V. N.
On the formation of neoclassical philosophy
This article raises the problem of the emergence of neoclassical philosophy, characterizes its features, defines the developing set of interrelated aspects of neoclassical philosophy, which is interpreted as a method, form and modern stage of the development of philosophy.
Keywords: neoclassical philosophy, classical philosophy, non-classical philosophy, post-non-classical philosophy; everydaypractical, artistic-figurative, mythological, religious, scientific, mystical and philosophical types of worldview.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Vildanov Kh. S., Bikimbetov R. G., Vakhitov R. R.
Social mobility of the population and factors of its formation in Russia
The article examines the concept of social mobility of the population, and determines the factors of its formation. A comparative analysis of the indicators of this process in some regions of the Russian Federation is carried out according to the criteria: education, labor market, urbanization. Using the method of comparative analysis, the indicators of key factors in the formation of social mobility of the population are compared in several regions simultaneously, and deviations of these indicators in one region from similar indicators in another are revealed.
Keywords: society, social mobility, social group, education, labor market, urbanization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Indeks social'noj mobil'nosti 2019: Vsemirnyj jekonomicheskij forum. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.weforum.org/.
2. Indeks social'noj mobil'nosti: indikator ravenstva vozmozhnostej. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://econs.online/articles/details/vozvrashchenie-k-norme-zaderzhivaetsya/.
3. Komarova S.A. Social'naja mobil'nost' v sovremennoj sociologicheskoj kartine Rossii [Tekst]// ISOM. – 2016. – # 6-2. – S. 20-24.
4. Monitoring kachestva priema v vysshie uchebnye zavedenija v 2019 g.: Nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij universitet Vysshaja shkola jekonomiki.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ege.hse.ru/.
5. Regiony Rossii. Social'no-jekonomicheskie pokazateli. 2019: R32 Stat. sb./ Rosstat. – M., 2019.– 1204 s.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Pozdyaeva S. M., Rumyantseva A. A.
Features of consumption in modern society
Public consciousness reflects sociocultural reality. This inevitably requires the study of new trends affecting the formation of social consciousness in a modern consumer society. The authors come to the conclusion that the new features of the modern “consumer society” are primarily reflected in fashion.
Keywords: public consciousness, needs, consumer society, fashion, trends.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grishanin N.V., Konjushenko E.V. Moda kak faktor formirovanija sociokul'turnoj identichnosti lichnosti v uslovijah obshhestva simvolicheskogo potreblenija // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija. – 2014. – # 2. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=12625 (data obrashhenija:
19.03.2021).
2. Zabolotnaja N. Burberry zhzhet: modnyj dom unichtozhil odezhdy na 37 millionov dollarov.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://liza.ua/stars/news/burberry-zhzhet-modnyiy-domunichtozhil-odezhdyi-na-37-millionov-dollarov/(data obrashhenija: 19.03.2021).
3. Il'in A. N. Permanentnoe obnovlenie veshhej kak sposob demonstracii statusa v obshhestve potreblenija // Sociologicheskaja nauka i social'naja praktika. – 2016. – T. 4. # 3. – S. 38-53.
4. Kaliev Ju. A. O specifike mifologicheskogo soznanija / O vechnom i prehodjashhem: sb. nauch. statej. Vypusk 1. – Ufa: RIC BashGU, 2010. – 184 s.
5. Krjuchkova V.A. Moda kak forma potreblenija.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://vneshnii-oblik.ru/potreblenie.html (data obrashhenija: 19.03.2021).
6. Lipovecki Zh. Jera pustoty. Jesse o sovremennom individualizme. [Per. s franc. V. Kuznecov]. –SPb.: Vladimir Dal', 2001. – 336 s.
7. Marks K., Jengel's F. K kritike politicheskoj jekonomii // Sobr. soch., izd. 2, t. 13. — M.: Politiz-dat, 1959. – 771 s.
8. Toffler Je. Shok budushhego: Per. s angl. — M.: «Izdatel'stvo ACT», 2002. — 557 s.
9. Filosofija: jenciklopedicheskij slovar' / pod red. A.A. Ivina. – M.: Gardariki, 2004. – 1072 s.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Stol A. B.
The idea of liberation and specificity of cognitive practices in Buddhist teaching
The article shows that the idea of liberation in Buddhist teachings is associated with the transition through understanding the deep meaning of the Noble Truths, the Prajnaparamita texts and comprehension of the emptiness of all that exists to contemplative practices and new cognitive experience. As a result, a different form of consciousness is realized, opening up new horizons of human knowledge and practice. Contemplation-dhyana, as well as the special metalanguage and symbolic structures of Vajrayana, play a special role in this transition.
Keywords: Buddhism, cognitive practices, consciousness, contemplation, dhyana, liberation, sutra, Vajrayana.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bushuev E.S. Sanskritskie pis'mennye istochniki po istorii tantricheskogo buddizma VII–XI vv. dis.… kand. ist. nauk, SPB 2018
2. Pjatigorskij A.M. Myshlenie i nabljudenie. SPB.:Azbuka, 2016. 544s.
3. Torchinov E.A. Vvedenie v buddizm: kurs lekcij. SPb.: Amfora,2005.-430s.
4. Lysenko V. G. Rannij buddizm: religija i filosofija. Uchebnoe posobie. M.: IF RAN, 2003. 246 s.
5. Lysenko V. G., Kanaeva N. A. Buddijskie filosofy ob instrumentah dostovernogo poznanija. M.: IF RAN, 2014.
6. Kornev V.I. Sushhnost' uchenija buddizma // Filosofskie voprosy buddizma. Novosibirsk, 1984. S. 10-20.
7. Jerriker K. Buddizm. M., 1998.

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