CONTENT OF NUMBER
AND SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES

EURASIAN LAW JOURNAL №8(159)2021

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PERSONA GRATA
I.L. Trunov:
From the “country of prisons” to the liberal and humane criminal policy of Russia
Interview with Igor L. Trunov, Doctor of Judicial Science (S.J.D.), Candidate of Economic Sciences, Professor, Honorable Lawyer. Deputy Chairman of the International Union of lawyers. The President of the Union of Lawyers of Russia
 
EURASIAN GEOPOLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW
FarkhutdinovI.Z.
Triumph of the Taliban or a new round of civil war. How likely is the Taliban seizure of the territories of neighboring countries?
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
MishalchenkoYu.V.,KarasaevaL.V.
International legal and economic aspects of the development of the European Union and the UK after BREXIT
GagloevO.F.
International legal aspect of the right of dual nationals to take part in government
KleminA.V.
The “direct effect” of EU law
ShugurovM.V.
Eurasian engineering center as a mechanism of production-industrial and technological cooperation within the EAEU: legal aspects
DonskayaD.S.
Problems of unification in the sphere of online resolution of cross-border disputes
MisrokovT.Z.
Activities of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization to combat terrorism
MohammadSarwarMohammadAnwar,RagimovT.S
Environmental protection in the 21st century:Sustainable development and international law
BulavchikE.V.
International Legal Regulation of Environmental Entrepreneurship: international experience of legal regulation
ShugurovaI.V.,ShugurovM.V.
Protection of intellectual property rights in the context of development of digital platforms: prospects for the EAEU
VasyakinaE.V.
The new version of the Constitution of the Russian Federation:an expected reality or an opportunity for non-application of international law?
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
OmranMohamadAghyad
Eviction of the tenant under the civil law of the Syrian Arab Republic
SurzhanovS.V.
About some features of the bankruptcy legislation of Australia
 
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
UlyanovYa.A.
Legal regulation of competition in the Eurasian Economic Union: controversial issues
 
LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
TranThanhThao
Improving the regulatory framework for corruption crimes in Vietnam in the context of international integration
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
KozhenkoYa.V.,AgafonovaT.P.
Genesis of legal regulation on responsibility for crimes against family and minors in Russia
KodzokovI.A.
The influence of the conditions of globalization on the main areas of activity of states
MukhamatulinaL.M.,VasiljevaK.S.
Implementation of the norms of Russian and international legislation aimed at protecting fundamental rights and freedoms, in the light of the reform of the Constitution of the Russian Federation
PiskunovaO.V.
The method of persuasion in the process of ensuring legal realization
RomadanovaE.I.
Legal and organizational aspects of the introduction of antimonopoly compliance in the activities of Russian legal entities
SamusevichA.G.,NegamutzyanovaA.S.
On the issue of the use of information from social networks in the process of proving
KodzokovI.A.,KodzokovaK.A.
Social purpose and social value of the state and their relationship with the essence of the state
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
YakovetsE.N.,ZhuravlenkoN.I.,OzhiganovaM.I.
Legal status of foreign citizens and representatives of the Non-Russian population of the Russian State during the period of the reforms of the Peter the Great. Part I
DashkovT.K.,UsachevS.I.
The history of distribution and legal measures to combat tobacco smoking in Russia
ZotovaK.V.,FedotovaI.N.
The Soviet correctional labor camp through the eyes of a prisoner (based on the works of V. Shalamov and E. Ginzburg)
Permyakov M.V.,KhodasevichO.N.,KilinA.G.
Organization of the bar in Russia
SaberovaM.Sh.,KhaninS.V.,PolyakovaE.S.
Formation and development of procurement legislation in pre-revolutionary Russia
YakovetsE.N.,ZhuravlenkoN.I.,GrigorusL.N.
Development of production relations in Russia at the times of Peter the Great
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
GryaznovaE.A.
Ensuring the right to freedom and personal inviolability, the grounds and procedure for restricting it in criminal proceedings
DibirovM.T.,MurtazalievaP.Z.
Guarantees of citizens’ electoral rights
IdrisovI.K.,VerdievM.A.
Priority directions and ways to optimize the activities of the social institute of patriotism
GadzhiemenovaZ.M.
The role of constitutional control in ensuring the rule of law
DamirovaK.R.,RamazanovaE.T.
Constitutional and legal framework for ensuring the national security of the Russian Federation
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Biruykova E. R.
On the question of the correct understanding of the concept of «civil servant»
Kirillovykh A. A.
The system and competence of public administration bodies in the field of higher education in Russia
Mikhaylov M. Yu., Polskoy I. P.
Some issues arising during the implementation of the legislation on administrative supervision of persons released from the places of detention
Pavlov N. V., Ovchinnikov E. B., Pulikov V.G.
Powers of the Government of the Russian Federation in special conditions related to the COVID-19 pandemic
Peganova Yu. A.
«Transfer of powers»: analysis of terminological substitution in Russian legal doctrine and law-making practice
Shabanov T. V.
Problems of regulating the administrative and legal status of the Ministry of Construction of the Khabarovsk Territory
Kutskel M. V.
On the issue of the formation of administrative responsibility for drug trafficking
Kashtanova A. O., Kozlova A. A.
Maintaining accounts in social networks as a factor in attracting the attention of applicants to the federal Penitentiary Service (using the example of the TikTok online platform)
Shcherbakov I. S.
Features of professional training of employees of the road patrol service
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Belousov V. P.
Specific features of the foundations of local self-government in the CIS countries
Shumal V. I.
Is it a democracy? On the status of municipal election commissions
 
CIVIL LAW
Ananjeva E. O., Ivliev P. V.
Advantages and disadvantages of the transition of the Russian education system to the online environment
Gulyaeva T. B.
Problems for determining reasonable compensation for moral damage
Gurkina D. A.
Inheritance fund as a special format of a legal entity
Guseva I. I., Zubkov V. N.
Compensation for moral damage from the Russian Pravda to the present day: are there any prospects?
Zvereva V. S., Levashova A. V., Shestova V. E.
Fundamentals of regulation of artificial intelligence in Russia and prospects for its development
Dadova Z. I., Burayeva L. A.
Gender-based approach to the study of crime
Miftakhov A. M.
The advantages of implementing the rule of Islamic law on drinking alcohol for society
Ryzhenkov A. R.
Peculiarities of understanding legal facts in the countries of the “common law” tradition
Fadeeva A. V., Sheremetjeva A. K.
Functional need for the existence of the institute of joint will of the spouses
Ivliev P. V., Kondrashov S. V.
The activities of journalists in the context of the imposed restrictions associated with the coronavirus pandemic regime
Usupova Z. F.
Legal regulation of the inheritance fund in the Russian Federation: problems and prospects
Semyonova Ya. O.
A reasonable period as an evaluative concept in civil law
CIVIL PROCESS
Solyanichenko O. S.
Issues of standardization and quality of defense in civil proceedings by a lawyer
 
INFORMATION LAW
Zorina N. S.
About the factors and prevention of computer addiction in adolescents
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Asadov B. M.
Control and supervisory activities of the FAS of Russia on countering anti-competitive agreements
 
TAX LAW
Dreval L. N., Polyakova S. A.
To the question of unreasonable tax benefit
Kupriyanov A. S.
Analysis of current judicial practice in terms of tax control of transfer pricing
Ponomarev O. V., Berezina T. E., Cheremisina M. V.
Tax Code gaps to the extent of tax audits regulation
Sugak I. V.
Specific features of the attorney’s activities in case of tax disputes
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Abazov I. S., Voskoboev A. I.
Extremism and terrorism as products of globalization
Aripshev A. M.
Fraud committed using official position
Akhmedkhanova S. T., Umarova V. A.
Prevention of violations of traffic rules and operation of vehicles
Gadjiev S. S., Magomedova A. I.
Legal characteristics of objective elements of the corpus delicti
Galyautdinov R. F., Chembarisov T. I.
Statistics and methods of combating crimes in the field of theft of cell phones
Ivanyakov R. I., Vasenkov M. V.
Features of juvenile delinquency in the 19th – early 20th century
Ilidzhev A. A.
Some aspects of identifying signs of a completed crime under the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Kardanov R. R., Kurin A. A., Kuchmezov R. A.
On the issue of initiating cases related to violation of administrative legislation
Karpushkin A. V.
To the question of the criminal legal assessment of harm to the person who committed the crime
in the process of his detention
Kashirgov A. H., Gutaev A. M.
Forms of implementation of criminal liability
Kodzokova L. A., Kumysheva M. K.
Fine as a type of punishment in administrative and criminal law
Kumysheva M. K., Fedina L. M.
The legal aspect of the termination of a criminal case or criminal prosecution in connection with the imposition of a court fine
Kurbanov Z. A., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
Problematic issues of sentencing for crimes related to the misuse of budgetary funds and funds of state extra-budgetary funds
Lapin I. V.
Servitude: the concept and expediency of criminalization in the Russian Federation
Latypova D. M.
Influence of optional signs of the subjective side on the qualification of crimes committed in correctional institutions
Lyadov E. V.
Arrest as a type of criminal punishment alternative to deprivation of freedom
Mazdogova Z. Z., Makoeva E. R.
Some issues of prevention of offenses committed by minors
Magomedova H. M., Radjabov Sh. R.
Abuse of authority by businesses and other organizations:investigation issues
Nabiev F. F., Migranov R. N.
On the issue of legislative regulation of criminal liability for knowingly false testimony, expert opinion, specialist or incorrect translation (Art.307 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation)
Nabiullina V. R.
Criminal liability for public dissemination of knowingly false information in the Republic of Kazakhstan and in the Russian Federation
Rogova N. N.
General and special rules for mitigating punishment
Stupina S. A.
The identity of the guilty person as one of the grounds for fear of carrying out a threat of murder or causing serious harm to health
Tokbayev A. A., Bitov A. A.
On the question of general social prevention of illegal traffic drugs in the Russian Federation
Pisarevskaya E.A.
On the rationale for lowering the age of criminal responsibility
Safonov A. A., Kangezov M. R.
Problemic aspects of involving a teacher (psychologist) in investigating criminal cases with the participation of minors
Selezneva N. A., Kabaha Mahdi F. M.
Criminal law characteristics of murder committed by poisoning under the criminal law of Jordan
Kashirgov A. H., Gutaev A. M.
Confiscation of property as a criminal law measure
Permyakov M. V., Khodasevich O. N., Kotov V. V.
Corruption as a factor of economic stagnation and increased crime
Radzhabov M. R., Esenbulatova E. Kh.
Individualization of punishment for violation of traffic rules and operation of vehicles
Tarchokov B. A., Tarchokova M. A.
On the distinction of the concepts of “extremism” and “terrorism”: a differentiated approach
Teppeev A. A., Misrokov T. Z.
Preventive measures to protect population from telephone fraud
Fakov A. M.
On the issue of preventing and combating corruption in modern Russia
Shaganova O. М.
Illegal cultivation of narcotic plants under the criminal legislation of foreign countries
Gladych N. V.
Criminal liability for crimes in cyberspace:international legal aspects
Makoeva E. R., Kravtsova A. M.
Foreign experience in the prevention of juvenile delinquency
Shumal V. I., Grechko A. A., Perebeynosov M. S.
Some aspects of corruption
Shogenov Z. A., Karachaev A. R.
Features and types of remote fraud
Urusov Z. Kh., Kodzokov B. V.
Drug smuggling: features of counteraction
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Bulygin A. V., Bulygina Yu. Ya.
Determination of the period of familiarization with the materials of the criminal case: certain aspects of the implementation of Part 3 of Article 217 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation
Levchenko O. V.
On the issue of the separation of criminal and criminal procedure law
Gaydarov A. A., Radjabov Sh. R.
The accused in the criminal process: rights and obligations, the main problems of their implementation
Gutieva I. G.
Problems of state protection of officials and participants in criminal proceedings
Erina K. A., Novikov D. S.
Role of using video conferencing during interrogation at the stage of preliminary investigation of corruption
Nazarkin E. V., Suleymanov T. A., Zakharova S. S.
Features of the working stage of the inspection of the scene of the incident during the investigation of a crime in the field of computer information
Zharko N. V., Roman E. M.
Criminal-legal and criminalistic means of countering illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their analogues: current state, problems, issues and ways to solve them
Kovalenko E. V.
Use of the results of OSA as evidence in a criminal case
Lukyanov E. V.
About some guarantees of legal activity at the stage of admission of a lawyer as a defender: the practice of Russian courts and the European Court of Human Rights
Medizhov R. K., Radjabov Sh. R.
The mechanism of pre-trial adoption of an indictment: problems of theory and practice
Prokhorova T. L.
Problems of defining the concept of temporary suspension from office
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V., Zakharova S. S.
Application of the principles of criminal procedure in the investigation of penitentiary crimes
Fayrushina R. D.
Organization of prosecutor’s supervision in the process of implementing a preliminary investigation in the form of inquiry (based on the materials of the territorial body)
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Bevz L. V.
Improving the technical security of the objects of the UIS as one of the means of ensuring the regime
Belova E. Yu.
On the issue of international penitentiary standards
Vasilenko S. N.
Conditions and factors affecting the safety of the penitentiary system personnel
Girenok G. A., Sergeenko A. E.
Special features of inmates’ employment in prisons of Great Britain
Milova I. E., Azarkhin A. V., Evtushenko K. A.
Criminal legal characteristics of crimes of non-payment of taxes on an especially large scale
Ulendeeva N. I.
Problems of regulating the responsibility of convicts to compulsory labor
Cherezova M. A.
Social work with prisoners (foreign experience)
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Datsko N. I.
Features of solving crimes related to the illegal extraction of aquatic biological resources
Shagieva G. R.
Linguistic evidence
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Kodzokova L. A., Anikina N. E., Bezobrazova O. V.
Criteria and indicators for assessing the state of neglect of minors
Koryagina S. A.
The need-motivational sphere of the personality of a minor criminal
Kushkhov R. Kh., Animokov I. K.
Female crime as an object of criminological research
Tolgurova Z. H., Khakunov A. M.
The role of the media in the crime prevention system as a criminological category in Russia
Trunov I. L., Aivar L. K.
Criminological aspects of surrogacy
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Babin A. V.
Sports games as a necessary tool for improving the physical fitness of police officers
Gutieva I. G.
The place of the internal affairs bodies in the system of executive authorities and their interaction
with other bodies
Mashekuasheva M. Kh., Gelyakhova L. A.
Features of the formation of professionalism of the head of the internal affairs bodies: psychological aspect
Kоrkmazov A. V., Kuchmezov R. A., Ashkhotova L. A.
The role of the educational organization in the personal and semantic self-determination of a police officer
Manukyan A. R.
Special skills of police officers for transporting and escorting a protected person
Safronov D. M., Shamaev A. M.
Features of legal regulation in standard and special conditions when performing operational and service tasks by the forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia and the troops of the National guard of Russia
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Aripshev A. M.
Countering terrorism as an integral part of extremism is one of the most important tasks of modern states
Bondarev S. P., Kangezov M. R., Bokhan A. P.
Countering terrorism and extremism: legislation and practice
Volkhovskiy R. A., Smirnova I. N.
To the question of the influence of risks in the professional the activities of the staff of the criminal-executive inspections for the security of penitentiary system
Givel L. E., Korotkova O. V.
Countering information and psychological terrorism in times of pandemic COVID-19: a private legal aspect
Kоrkmazov A. V.
«Terrorism» and «extremism» as a danger of modern realities
Mazdogova Z. Z., Urusova L. Kh.
Youth tolerance formation as means of terrorism prevention
Misrokov T. Z.
Activities of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation on the prevention of extremism among pupils of educational organizations
Romanov A. A., Nelyubin R. V.
Improving the legal framework for prevention of unsurveillance and offenses of minors
Teppeev A. A.
Ways to combat the financing of terrorism
Mashekuasheva M. Kh., Gelyakhova L. A.
Electoral processes and countering extremist manifestations
 
STATE AND LAW
Dadova Z. I., Kurashinova A. Kh.
Traditional culture transformation and its consequences
Ryabtsev A. M.
Legal status of a civil servant
Tlupova A. V., Karchaeva K. A.
Public coercion as a method of public administration
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Garipova F. M.
The formation of economic and legal competence of university students by means of the English language
Kurilkina O. A., Sholokhov A. V.,
Samoylova I. N., Serdyukova Yu. A.
Corrective role of education in the “inheritance rights” of the ruling classes
Smirnova M. I.
Interference as a problem of speech purity of employees of the interior agencies of the Republic
of Crimea
SPORTS LAW
Lebedev A. V., Andreev S. A., Sayafarov V. S.
On the issue of the effectiveness of the resolution of sports disputes by specialized arbitration courts
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Le Hoang Viet Lam
Corporate social responsibility in COVID-19 pandemic contributes to sustainable development: a case study of Vietnam
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Ishmeeva A. S., Salikhova S. F.
Globalization and economic security of the state
Korgun I. A., Nguen K.H., Gorbacheva V. O.
Vietnam’s participation in regional integration processes:interim results and prospects
Loginova A. S., Odinokova A. V., Mayorova S. A.
Analysis of the development of foreign economic relations of the EAEU member states
Mikheev P. N.
Methodological approaches to organization of risk management and internal control division in oil and gas companies
Naboko S. Yu., Vasiljeva E. V., Sichenko N. S.
The current trends of development of the car tourism in Russia:infrastructure and digitalization of services
Fazrakhmanov I. I., Nabieva K. I.
The role and importance of investments in a modern oil and gas company
Shalaginova N. A., Shvachkin I. E.
On the issue of legal regulation of smart contracts:problem statement
Chernyavskaya E. V.
The mechanism of customs regulation of intra-industry trade of the Russian Federation in meat and meat products on foreign markets and on the territory of the EAEU
Chervontseva M. A.
Problem aspects of intellectual performance management in industrial technoparks
Arzhaev F. I.
Yuan in the foreign exchange market of Asian countries:the impact of the coronary crisis and prospects
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Bondarenko N. G.
The phenomenon of alienation in historical and philosophical retrospect
Vinogradov A. V., Zaytsev N. N., Levchenko D. V.
Transformation of Plato’s political philosophy into National Socialism
Borovoy E. M.
Simulacrum and fake as tools of the formation of the image of another
Zubkov S. A., Frolov M. O.
Ecophilic philosophy and environmental organizations and parties
Ilikaev A. S.
Totemism in the traditional Mari religion
Istomina O. B., Shtykov N. N.
Demographic structure as an object of socio-philosophical analysis
Nikitina V. V., Shtanko M. A.
Construction of the ethnic picture of the world
Pushkareva M. A., Pushkarev A. V.
The ratio of natural and artificial intelligence:the experience of methodological analysis
Chudina-Schmidt N. V., Gomenko Yu. O.
Personal features as background of anti-social behavior
Chudinov S. I.
Deviant consciousness and metaphysics of «ideological crime» in F. M. Dostoevsky’s novel The Brothers Karamazov»
Yashin A. N., Zandelov V. V.
The idea of social justice in religious and philosophical views I. A. Ilyin
Diarov V. O.
The genesis of the problem of determination in evolution
Popkova N. A.
Stages in the development of ideas about global problems
Avdonin А. N.
On the foundations of social foresight. Part 3. (Alternative-attractor approach to the war of 1941-1945 and modernity)
Khaziev Z. A., Neganov F. M.
Philosophical notes on the concept of history:about the presence of the speakable and unspeakable in history
 
BOOK REVIEW
Buryanov S. A.
From the creative heritage of Igor Ivanovich Lukashuk to the Cambridge edition of Insur Zabirovich Farkhutdinov In search of a new just world order. “The mysterious and obvious in American diplomacy: from Monroe to Trump. Cambridge scholars publishing
 
INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS
EURASIAN GEOPOLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW
Farkhutdinov I.Z.
Triumph of the Taliban or a new round of civil war. How likely is the Taliban seizure of the territories of neighboring countries?
The radical Islamist Taliban movement originated precisely among the Pashto people in 1994, and in 1996, after overthrowing the Mujahideen government called the Northern Alliance, it seized power throughout Afghanistan. In 2001, the Americans forced the Pashtuns to hide in northern Pakistan. The Taliban cultivate a form of Muslim religion that seeks to establish Sharia law as fundamental in the state and society. The Taliban are promoting the ideas that appeal to the Afghan majority, namely the peasants.
The 20-year American effort to create a functioning government and military in the country has turned into one of the most deafening failures in US history. The pro-American Afghan government fell after the Taliban took over Kabul.
The Taliban have several options for arranging Afghanistan. For example, to return society to the medieval way of life, or again, having entered into an alliance with some terrorist group, to begin expansion into neighboring countries, which will end in another war.
The Taliban Islamist movement originated precisely among the Pashtun people in 1994, and in 1996 it seized power throughout Afghanistan. In 2001, the Americans forced them to hide in northern Pakistan. The Taliban are the part of Islam that seeks to establish Sharia law as fundamental in the state and society. The Taliban are promoting ideas that appeal to the Afghan majority, namely the peasants.
The 20-year American effort to create a functioning government and military in the country has turned into one of the most deafening failures in US history. The pro-American Afghan government fell after the Taliban took over Kabul.
The Taliban have several options for arranging Afghanistan. For example, to return society to the medieval way of life, or again, having entered into an alliance with some terrorist group, to begin expansion into neighboring countries. There is also a third option - will the Taliban be able to abandon the most radical measures to rebuild Afghan society?
Keywords: Taliban, Pashtuns, Afghan war, “cemetery of empires”, Sharia, Afghan Vendee, Waziristan, “Islamic State”, Shiism, Sufism, Taliban allies.
Work bibliographic list
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INTERNATIONAL LAW
Mishalchenko Yu.V., Karasaeva L.V.
International legal and economic aspects of the development of the European Union and the UK after BREXIT
With all the importance of the benefits of integration development, all this time the threat of leaving the EU remained for Great Britain, and the idea of their own project for the future was strengthened in the minds of many British. Therefore, “Brexit” became a natural consequence of all those objective and subjective reasons that were formed as a result of the evolutionary development of British-European politics. This article examines and substantiates the issues of a civilizational perspective, both for the UK and the European Union after Brexit. The authorshighlights the prerequisites for “Brexit” and the problematic issues of the UK exit from the EU for Ireland and Northern Ireland. In particular, the article analyzes the possible legaland economic consequences of the UK’s exit from the EU, taking into account the UK-EU Trade Agreement signed at the end of 2020.
Keywords: Brexit, EU, UK, USA, referendum, agreement, coronavirus, economy, backstop.
Work bibliographic list
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13. Wintour P. Joe Biden warning dashes UK hopes of early US trade deal // The Guardian. 2 December 2020. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2020/dec/02/uk-hopesof-early-us-trade-deal-dashed-by-biden-warning(accessed: 29.08.2021).
14. Ziady H. A no-deal Brexit will destroy 300,000 jobs and push up food prices // CNN. December 8, 2020.[Electronic resource]. - Access mode: https://edition.cnn.com/2020/12/07/business/no-deal-brexit-economicconsequences/index.html (accessed: 31.08.2021).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Gagloev O.F.
International legal aspect of the right of dual nationals to take part in government
The article is concerned with the possibility of dual nationals to take part in the government of one of their citizenships state through the eligibility to public service or entering the civil service. This question arise from the “problem” of bipatrides loyalty.
The author analyzes the suitable universal, regional and bilateral international treaties, legal cases and scientific literature.
The author comes to the conclusion that modern international law does not restrict the right of dual nationals to take part in the government of their citizenship state. At the same time, international law contains a number of mechanisms aimed at the possibility of establishing reasonable restrictions by the domestic legislation of the interested states themselves. Accordingly, due to the ambiguity of certain formulations, there is a conflict in international legal acts on the issue of the right of states to impose restrictions on the right of dual nationals to take part in government.
The author considers it necessary to eliminate ambiguities in international law on this issue, considering that a further increase in the number of cases of dual citizenship is inevitable.
Keywords: dual citizenship, dual nationality, dual nationals, the right to take part in government, bipadrids, multiple citizenship,multiple nationality.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gagloev O. F. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoe razvitie dvojnogo grazhdanstva: istoriko-pravovoj aspekt.// Zhurnal zarubezhnogo zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija. – 2020. – # 3.– S. 115-129.
2. Lysenko V. I. K voprosu ob institute «dvojnogo» grazhdanstva i passivnom izbiratel'nom prave pri provedenii vyborov: zarubezhnyj i rossijskij opyt. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.rfsv.ru/law/normy-i-printsipy/k-voprosuob-institute-dvoinogo-grazhdanstva-i-passivnomiz b i r a t e l n o m - p r a v e - p r i - p r o v e d e n i i - v y b o r o v -zarubezhnyi-i-rossiiskii-opyt.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Klemin A.V.
The “direct effect” of EU law
«Direct effect» is how the refusal of states to ratify EU acts usually called. It is considered that they do not need to be implemented.
It’s showed concrete examples in what forms the states have retained control and supremacy over the incoming acts of the EU. On the basis of Germany, as the state most committed to national implementation, it was possible to show its mechanism, a number of German acts reflecting it and expand the scientific picture of the membership of states in an international organization. The issues of the EU status, the generic and species nature of their acts have been clarified.
Keywords: European law, EU direct effect, implementation, EU law, international organization, international treaty, subject of international law
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Shugurov M.V.
Eurasian engineering center as a mechanism of production-industrial and technological cooperation within the EAEU: legal aspects
This article is devoted to the analysis of the system of legal foundations for functioning of the Eurasian Engineering Center for Machine Tool Building as an industry integrator within the framework of production and technological cooperation of the EAEU member states. The author have justified that the structure of legal regulation of cooperation of all interested parties in format of the Center corresponds to the legal model of research and production and technological integration within the EAEU and is able to ensure the fulfillment of the tasks assigned to it.
Keywords: Eurasian Engineering Center, integration in science and technology, digital transformations, machine tool technologies, law of the EAEU.
Work bibliographic list
1. Butov A. Rynok produkcii stankostroenija (2020 g.).– M.: Vysshaja shkola jekonomiki, 2020. – 95 s.
2. EJeK. Informacija o dejatel'nosti inzhiniringovyh centrov na territorii EAJeS. – M.: EJeK, 2016. – 49 s.
3. EJeK. Informacija o rezul'tatah analiza sostojanija i razvitija stankostroenija v gosudarstvah-chlenah TS i EJeP. – M.: Evrazijskaja jekonomicheskaja komissija, 2014. – 81 s.
4. Salieva R. N. Pravovye osnovy nauchno-tehnicheskogo sotrudnichestva gosudarstv Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza // Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i sociologii. – 2019. – # 3. – T. 2. – S. 144-147.
5. Serov V. Oboronnoe stankostroenie: proshloe i nastojashhee // Stankoinstrument. – 2016. – # 2. – S. 26–28.
6. Sokolova N. A. Evrazijskij jekonomicheskij sojuz:pravovaja priroda i priroda prava // Leh Russica. –2017. – # 11. – S. 47-57.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Donskaya D.S.
Problems of unification in the sphere of online resolution of cross-border disputes
Unification as a process of developing uniform legal regulation at the international level is important in the context of the formation of cross-border online dispute resolution system, since it will help to create a single legal space and thereby to expand productive cooperation of the turnover participants. At the same time, nowadays there exist a number of obstacles that impede the large-scale unification in this area. The article analyzes the key pitfalls of the international unification process and substantiates their applicability to online dispute resolution sphere. The author notes that the existing problems of unification are more likely the peculiarities of the unification process and are surmountable in case of the international community’s interest in creating appropriate regulators and conducting lawmaking process through the prism of the cooperative approach based on the application of the best practices in cross-border dispute resolution sphere and their adaptation to online proceedings via modern mechanisms with the balance of the parties` interests. The article also draws attention to possible approaches to regulating mechanisms for online resolution of cross-border disputes within the transition period, that is, until the adoption of the act of unification.
Keywords: unification, international treaty (convention), online dispute resolution, ODR, alternative dispute resolution, ADR, crossborder dispute, international private law, harmonization, non-state regulation, New-York Convention, European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration, Singapore Convention on Mediation, UNCITRAL.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gajdaenko Sher N. I. Konvencija o privedenii v ispolnenie mirovyh soglashenij, dostignutyh v rezul'tate mezhdunarodnoj kommercheskoj soglasitel'noj procedury: v nachale puti // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2017. – # 3. – S. 157-168.
2. Unifikacija i garmonizacija v mezhdunarodnom chastnom prave. Voprosy teorii i praktiki: monografija/ otv. red. G.K. Dmitrieva, M.V. Mazhorina.– M.: Norma: INFRA-M, 2019. – 208 s.
3. Zasemkova O.F. Singapurskaja konvencija o privedenii v ispolnenie mirovyh soglashenij, dostignutyh v rezul'tate posrednichestva (mediacii): ot mechty k real'nosti? // Lex russica (Russkij zakon).– 2019. – # 3. – S. 60-72.
4. Magomedov S.K. Unifikacija terminologii normativnyh pravovyh aktov Rossijskoj Federacii. Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2004. – 32 s.
5. Problemy unifikacii mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo prava: monografija / Otv. red. A.L. Makovskij, I.O. Hlestova. – M.: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii; ID «Jurisprudencija», 2012. – 535 s.
6. Nikitina N.K. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo v uslovijah globalizacii (voprosy teorii i praktiki). Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2008. – 27 s.
7. Portnova E.V. Nekotorye problemy unifikacii mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo prava v sovremennom mire// Jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal «Nauka. Obshhestvo. Gosudarstvo». — 2016. — T. 4. # 2. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://esj.pnzgu.ru.
8. Cirina M.A., Vlasova N.V., Muratova O.V. Problemy unifikacii mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo prava v sovremennom mire // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2014. N 3. S. 128-139.
9. Calliess G.-P., Heetkamp S. J.Online Dispute Resolution:Conceptual and Regulatory Framework TLI Think! Paper 22/2019.
10. Del Duca L. F. and Rule C. and Rogers V. Designing a Global Consumer Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) System for Cross-Border Small Value - High Volume Claims - OAS Developments (July 6, 2010). Uniform Commercial Code Law Journal, Vol. 42, p. 221, 2010, Penn State Legal Studies Research Paper No. 24-2010, Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 1635463.
11. Halili F. and Kutllovci Sh. UNCITRAL -- With a Special Glance Model Law and Arbitration, August 29, 2014. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2488968(data obrashhenija: 05.08.2021).
12. Hanriot M. Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) as a Solution to Cross Border Consumer Disputes: The Enforcement of Outcomes// McGill Journal of Dispute Resolution, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2016.
13. Nicolas de Witt. “Online International Arbitration: Nine Issues Crucial to its Success”, (2001) 12 American Review of International Arbitration.
14. Stephan Paul B. The Futility of Unification and Harmonization in International Commercial Law. University of Virginia School of Law, Legal Studies Working Paper No. 99-10, June 1999.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Misrokov T.Z.
Activities of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization to combat terrorism
The article analyzes the coordinating, organizational work of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in the field of combating terrorism. The author examines the conditions that allowed this international organization to achieve visible results in countering extremist threats and comes to the conclusion that the key to success in this direction is the formation of a solid legal foundation for interaction and cooperation, a systematic approach to the coordination of efforts, and the comprehensive application of counter-terrorism measures. On the positive side, it should be noted the constant positive expansion of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the accession to it of new states facing the threat of terrorism, as well as its cooperation with other major international organizations.
Keywords: countering terrorism, coordination of activities, consolidation of efforts, international legal regulation, joint anti-terrorist activities, exchange of experience and information.
Work bibliographic list
1. Shanhajskaja Konvencija o bor'be s terrorizmom, separatizmom i jekstremizmom // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 oktjabrja 2003 goda. # 41. St. 3947.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O ratifikacii Konvencii Shanhajskoj organizacii sotrudnichestva protiv terrorizma» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 4 oktjabrja 2010 g. # 40. St. 4979.
3. Soglashenie mezhdu gosudarstvami-chlenami Shanhajskoj organizacii sotrudnichestva o Regional'noj antiterroristicheskoj strukture //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii 2004 g. # 48. St. 4692.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Mohammad Sarwar Mohammad Anwar, Ragimov T.S
Environmental protection in the 21st century:Sustainable development and international law
The article is devoted to the current problem of environmental protection. The problems of environmental safety affect all States without exception, regardless of their political and economic system. Currently, humanity is facing such problems as global climate change, the consequence of which may be a global environmental catastrophe. Special attention is paid to international law, international environmental law, as well as international organizations, the international community as a whole, in their efforts to protect the global environment.
Keywords: ecology, environment, sustainable development, international legal order, sovereign equality, environmental management.
Work bibliographic list
1. Baburin S. N., Ursul A. D. Politika ustojchivogo razvitija i gosudarstvenno-pravovoj process. – M:Magistr-Press: INFRA-M, 2010. – 556 s.
2. Emel'janova N. N. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye problemy obespechenija global'noj bezopasnosti na sovremennom jetape. Avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk.– M., 2012. – 41 s.
3. Kopylov M. N., Emel'janova N. N. Bor'ba s izmeneniem klimata – vklad v podderzhanie global'noj bezopasnosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.– 2011. – 9 (40).
4. Kopylov M. N. Vvedenie v mezhdunarodnoe jekologicheskoe pravo. – M.: RUDN, 2007. – 267 s.
5. Kopylov M. N., Mohammad S. A., Jakusheva E. A. Istorija mezhdunarodnogo jekologicheskogo prava. –M.: RUDN, 2007. – 248 s.
6. Makarov O. I. Jekocid: mezhdunarodno-pravovye aspekty. Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 1992. – 22 s.
7. Mezhdunarodnyj porjadok: politiko-pravovye aspekty / pod obshh. red. G. H. Shahnazarova. – M.: Nauka, 1986. – 229 s.
8. Natapov S. L. Privlechenie k otvetstvennosti transnacional'nyh korporacij za narushenie norm mezhdunarodnogo prava v oblasti prav cheloveka. Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2011. – 26 s.
9. Nashe obshhee budushhee: Doklad Mezhdunarodnoj komissii po okruzhajushhej srede i razvitiju (perevod s angl. /Pod red. S. A. Evteeva, R. A. Pereleta; [Predisl. G. Harlem Brundtland]. – M.: Progress, 1989.– 371 s.
10. Timoshenko A. S. Pravovoj rezhim prirodnyh resursov, razdeljaemyh dvumja i bolee gosudarstvami //Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1977. – # 6.
11. Allott Ph. Eunomia: New Order for a New World. –N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 1990. – Pp. xxiii, 427.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Bulavchik E.V.
International Legal Regulation of Environmental Entrepreneurship: international experience of legal regulation
The article analyzes the experience of foreign countries in the legislative regulation of environmental entrepreneurship. The current approaches to the support and development of environmental education in the world are identified. It is proposed to amend the current Russian regulation of environmental entrepreneurship issues by implementing the best international experience in the regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: environmental entrepreneurship, environmental entrepreneurship law, eco-business, ecology law, environmental development, legislation of environmental protection, ecology support measures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vurganov M.G., Gorbunova O.V., Konstantinova L.F. Zarubezhnyj opyt stanovlenija i razvitija jekologicheskogo predprinimatel'stva v oblasti ispol'zovanija vtorichnyh material'nyh resursov i perspektivy dlja Rossii // Global And Regional Research. – 2019. – # 3.
2. Serova O. A., Barkov A. V. Mezhdunarodnye standarty ISO i sertifikacija «b Corporation» v pravovoj modeli obespechenija jekologicheskogo predprinimatel'stva // Juridicheskie issledovanija. – 2019. – #7.
3. Sirotkina T.A., Pepeljaev S.G. Opyt Rossii i OJeSR v stimulirovanii jekologichnogo biznesa // Zakon. –2017. – # 5.
4. Reform of pollution charges in the Russian Federation: Assessment of Progress and Opportunities and Constraints for Further Improvement. – Paris, France:Secretary-General of the OECD, 2004.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Shugurova I.V., Shugurov M.V.
Protection of intellectual property rights in the context of development of digital platforms: prospects for the EAEU
This article conceptually formulates the main points of the EAEU’s possible agenda in the field of intellectual property rights protection within the framework of national and Eurasian digital platforms.
Much attention is paid to the problem of legal means and technical protection measures. Based on the use of the comparative legal method, authors substantiated that the objective basis for the development of this area of cooperation is the latest changes in the legislation of the member states of the Union, as well as the use of digital technologies in the field of ensuring the circulation of intellectual property rights.
Keywords: Eurasian Economic Union, intellectual property law, digital transformation, digital platforms, protection of exclusive rights
Work bibliographic list
1. Ahmedov G. A., Vojnikanis E. A., Glazunova K. D. i dr. Osnovnye tendencii razvitija prava intellektual'noj sobstvennosti v sovremennom mire, v tom chisle novye ob"ekty intellektual'nyh prav i global'naja zashhita. – M., 2017.
2. Ivliev G. P. Transformacija sfery intellektual'noj sobstvennosti v sovremennyh uslovijah. – M.: Izdatel'skij Dom «Gorodec», 2020.
3. Kuprevich T. S. Cifrovye platformy v mirovoj jekonomike: sovremennye tendencii i napravlenija razvitija // Jekonomicheskij vestnik universiteta. –2018. Vyp. 37/1. – S. 311–318.
4. Shugurov M. V. Direktiva ob avtorskom prave na Edinom cifrovom rynke: diskussionnye voprosy //Intellektual'naja sobstvennost'. Avtorskoe pravo i smezhnye prava. – 2019. – # 12. – S. 5-24.
5. JuNKTAD. Doklad o cifrovoj jekonomike – 2019. –N'ju-Jork, 2019.
6. Parker G. G., Alstyne M. W., Choudary S. P. Platform Revolution: How Network Markets Are Transforming the Economy – and How Make Them Work for You. –N.Y. Norton & Company, 2016.
7. Yang C. Intellectual property policy for internet platforms // WIPO-WTO Colloquium Papers. – 2017. –Vol. 8. – P. 27-36.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Vasyakina E.V.
The new version of the Constitution of the Russian Federation:an expected reality or an opportunity for non-application of international law?
The article examines the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, amended in 2020, which regulate the general foundations of the relationship between the norms of international and domestic law. From the content of Part 4 of Article 15 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, it is impossible to unequivocally determine which source will have priority in the Russian legal system: a federal law or an international treaty. For the correct interpretation of this rule, it was necessary to refer to the provisions of federal laws and judicial practice. The article analyzes the provisions of Articles 79, 79.1 and 125 of the Constitution in the new edition and concludes about the regularity and objective nature of the adopted amendments. According to the author, the amendments to the Constitution, adopted in 2020, made it possible to more clearly understand the relationship between international and domestic law in the Russian Federation, unmistakably determine the dominant role of the Basic Law of the country, and also confirmed the model of interaction between international and domestic law built earlier in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, application of international law, correlation of international and domestic law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Barnashov A.M. Konstitucii gosudarstv i mezhdunarodnoe pravo // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. – 2013. – # 2 (8). – S. 24-28.
2. Bekjashev K.A. Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe pravo. Uchebnik. – M: Prospekt, 2021. – 1048 s.
3. Zor'kin V.D. Predel ustupchivosti // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2010. – # 246 (5325). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2010/10/29/zorkin.html(data obrashhenija: 20.06.2021).
4. Ispolinov A.S. Popravki v Konstituciju i prioritet mezhdunarodnogo prava: v poiskah novoj formuly // Internet-portal «Zakon.ru. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://zakon.ru/blog/2020/1/22/ (data obrashhenija: 10.06.2021).
5. Kurdjukov G.I. O metodologii sootnoshenija gosudarstva i mezhdunarodnogo prava // Metodologija issledovanija teoreticheskih problem mezhdunarodnogo prava. – Kazan': Kazanskij universitet, 1986.– 136 s.
6. Lukashuk I.I. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoe regulirovanie mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij (sistemnyj podhod). – M.: Mezhdunar. otnoshenija, 1975. – 176 s.
7. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: Uchebnik / Otv. red. R.M. Valeev, G.I. Kurdjukov. M., 2017. – 496 s.
8. Javich L.S. Ob issledovanijah mehanizma dejstvija prava // Sov. gos-vo i pravo. – 1973. – # 8. – S. 26-32.
9. Webster’s Third New International Dictionary. Cambr.(Mass.), 1966. – 2772 p.
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Omran Mohamad Aghyad
Eviction of the tenant under the civil law of the Syrian Arab Republic
The article examines various aspects of relations arising in connection with the lease of real estate, the regulation of which is carried out by special legislation and acts and differs from the general rules established by the Civil Code of the Syrian Republic.
The history of the development of civil legislation in Syria on the lease of real estate in terms of the procedure for terminating this type of agreement is considered. Reveals and considers the grounds for termination of the lease of real estate by the lessor unilaterally and eviction of the tenant. General characteristics of the tenant’s eviction are given as one of the types of civil liability for violation of the terms of the real estate lease agreement. The problem of abuse by the Syrian landlord of the right to eviction assigned to him is identified and a solution to this problem is proposed. The article examines the restrictions on the landlord’s right to evict in relation to certain categories of citizens, stipulated by the Syrian civil legislation.
Keywords: lease agreement, real estate, termination, legal responsibility, eviction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij Kodeks Sirijskoj Arabskoj Respubliki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.syrian-lawyer.club/%D9%86%D8%B5-% D 9 % 8 5 % D 9 % 8 8 % D 8 % A 7 % D 8 % A F - % D 8 % A7 % D 9 % 8 4 % D 9 % 8 2 % D 8 % A 7 % D 9 % 8 6 % D 9 % 8 8%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%AF%D9%86%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%-88%D8%B1%D9%8A/ (data obrashhenija: 5.08.2021).
2. Zakon ob arende # 6 ot 2006 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.casi.gov.sy/node15/arabic/index.php?node=5518&cat=14806&(data obrashhenija: 5.08.2021).
3. Zakonodatel'nyj dekret # 111 ot 1952 goda Sirija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.parliament.gov.sy/arabic/index.php?node=200&RID=-1&Last=10206&First=0&CurrentPage=8&Vld=-1&Mode=&Service=-1&Loc1=&Key1=
&SDate=&EDate=&Year=&Country=&Num=&Dep=-1&&or_t=1.
4. Muhammad Bashir Dzhazajerli. Novye pravovye normy v novom Zakone ob arende zhil'ja # 6 ot 2001 g. //Stat'ja, opublikovannaja v zhurnale «Advokaty» Sirijskoj kollegii advokatov. 2004. ## 3 i 4. S. 210.
5. Panchenko P.V., Frolova E.E. Sootnoshenie principa sodejstvija storon objazatel'stva s principami objazatel'stvennogo prava // Vestnik Akademii prava i upravlenija. 2018. # 2 (51). S. 122-129.
6. Trezubov E.S., Rusakova E.P. Jevoljucija poruchitel'stva v rimskom i rossijskom objazatel'stvennom prave // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija: Pravo. 2020. T. 17. # 1. S. 82-93.
7. Haled Al'-Maliki, Raz"jasnenie Zakona ob arende # 6 ot 15 fevralja 2001 g. (Fond Al'-Nuri,s. 250, Damask, 2002 g.).
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Surzhanov S.V.
About some features of the bankruptcy legislation of Australia
This article discusses the first part (Preliminary) of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 No. 33. The problem of the entry into force of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 is touched upon. The structure of the Bankruptcy Act 1966 is compared with the structure of the Federal Law «About Insolvency (Bankruptcy)» No 127-FZ of October 26, 2002. The differences in the order of reflection of the amendments made to the Acts, as well as the peculiarities of reflection in the Bankruptcy Act 1966 of the amendments made by the First Parliamentary Counsel and the Misdescribed amendments are considered. The essence and meaning of this term is revealed.
Keywords: insolvency, bankruptcy, proclamation, amendment to the law, First parliamentary counsel, misdescribed amendments, insolvency law reform.
Work bibliographic list
1. Surzhanov S.V. Rol' zakonodatel'stva o nesostojatel'nosti i bankrotstve v razvitii jekonomiki gosudarstva na primere Avstralii // Nauchnoe obozrenie. 2015. # 6. S. 188-194.
2. Koncheva V.A., Odincov S.V. Perspektivy i tendencii razvitija v Rossii jelektronnogo deloproizvodstva i dokumentooborota v trudovyh pravootnoshenijah» // Sovremennoe pravo. 2020. # 3. S. 73-79.
 
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
Ulyanov Ya.A.
Legal regulation of competition in the Eurasian Economic Union: controversial issues
The article considers controversial issues of current legal regulation of competition on cross-border markets in the Eurasian Economic Union, namely the lack of harmonization in the approaches to the powers of national antimonopoly authorities of the member states and supranational - the Eurasian Economic Commission, as well as the problem of unprotected rights of individuals in the event of adverse consequences for them as a result of the enforcement procedure of such a supranational body.
Keywords: Eurasian Economic Union, supranationalism, regional integration, competition, antitrust, private persons status, international courts, cross-border markets.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avdasheva S.B., Shastitko A.E. Koncepcija transgranichnyh rynkov kak osnova opredelenija polnomochij nadnacional'nogo organa konkurentnoj politiki // Bjulleten' konkurentnoj politiki. 2012. Vyp. # 6. Maj.
2. Bykovskij V.K. Stanovlenie i razvitie zakonodatel'stva o zashhite konkurencii na prostranstve SNG i EAJeS // Mezhdunarodno sotrudnichestvo evrazijskih gosudarstv: politika, jekonomika, pravo 2018. # 1 (14).
3. D'jachenko E.B., Jentin K.V. Svojstva prava Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo Sojuza skvoz' prizmu praktiki Suda EAJeS // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava 2018. # 10.
4. Ispolinov A.S., Kadysheva O.V. Praktika primenenija dosudebnogo porjadka rassmotrenija sporov v sudah evrazijskoj integracii // Zakon. 2016. # 10.
5. Moskalevich G.N. Pravovoe regulirovanie konkurentnyh otnoshenij Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze: problemy i puti ih reshenija // Bol'shaja Evrazija: Razvitie, bezopasnost', sotrudnichestvo. 2018. # 1-2.
6. Konkurentnoe pravo v Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze: ucheb. pos. // Obshh. red. M.A. Kusainov, A.G. Sushkevich, A.M. Dzhumabaeva, V.V. Savchenko, A.A. Akopjan.M., 2019.
 
LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Tran Thanh Thao
Improving the regulatory framework for corruption crimes in Vietnam in the context of international integration
This article analyzes the inadequacies in the application of Vietnamese criminal law to corruption crimes. Thereby, determining the main cause of this situation is that the legal framework for corruption crimes still has many gaps. Through the study of the United Nations Convention against Corruption and the criminal law of other countries, the author offers solutions to improve the legal framework for corruption crimes in Vietnam.
Keywords: corruption, corruption crimes, Criminal Code, United Nations Convention against Corruption, Vietnam.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konvencii Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij protiv korrupcii ot 30 oktjabrja 2003 g.
2. Zakon «O protivodejstvii korrupcii» ot 20 nojabrja 2018 g.
3. Ugolovnogo kodeksa Socialisticheskoj Respubliki V'etnama 2015 g. (red. ot 2017 g.).
4. Svodnyj otchet 2020 g. Verhovnogo narodnogo suda
V'etnama, Hanoj, 2020 g.
5. Svodnyj otchet perioda 2016-2020 Verhovnogo narodnogo suda V'etnama, Hanoj, 2020 g.
6. Otchet «O antikorrupcionnoj». Gosudarstvennaja inspekcija, 2020 g. S. 183.
7. Chan Van Dat. Korrupcionnye prestuplenija v sootvetstvii s ugolovnym zakonodatel'stvom V'etnama.Doktorskaja dissertacija. Hanoj, 2018.
8. Chan Van Zung Otvetstvennost' za sluzhebnye prestuplenija po ugolovnomu pravu V'etnama. Doktorskaja dissertacija. Hanoj, 2013.
9. Hanojskij juridicheskij universitet. «Prestuplenija korrupcii s prisvoeniem sobstvennosti i protivodejstvii s jetimi prestuplenijami vo V'etname v tendencii mezhdunarodnoj integracii». Nauchnyj proekt universitetskogo urovnja. Hanoj, 2008.
10. Gosudarstvennaja inspekcija (2019 g.), Osnovnye objazannosti i problemy V'etnama posle ratifikacii Konvencii Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij protiv korrupcii. Nauchnyj proekt na Ministerskom urovne. Hanoj, S. 375.
11. Nguen Ngok Tin'. Diskussija o prichinah korrupcii// Zhurnal «Professii jurista». 2013. # 2. S. 8.
12. Ministerstvo justicii (2012 g.), Propaganda i rasprostranenie zakona «O protivodejstvii korrupcii», Konvencii Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij protiv korrupcii sredi kadrov, gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih i grazhdan s 2012 g. po 2015 g. Izdatel'stvo sudebnoj sistemy. Hanoj. S. 409.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kozhenko Ya.V., Agafonova T.P.
Genesis of legal regulation on responsibility for crimes against family and minors in Russia
The article examines the historical stages of the evolution of domestic legislation on responsibility for crimes against the family and minors in the context of chronological time periods with their inherent level of legal technology, the level of legal thinking and law enforcement, the specifics of the legal system; the problems of differentiation of responsibility for these crimes and the directions of development of state policy in the field of protecting the institution of the family are analyzed. From the standpoint of legal technique, the
article identifies the problems of designing the twentieth chapter of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, analyzes the difficulties of applying administrative prejudice.
Keywords: crimes against family and minors, prejudice, child rights, latent crimes, media safety, criminal liability.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kolmakova O. S. Konstruktivnye priznaki podmeny rebenka // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. - 2014. - # 10–1.- S. 222-226.
2. Kornakova S. V., Chigrina E. V. Razglashenie tajny usynovlenija: problemy realizacii kompleksnogo pravovogo mehanizma v Rossijskoj Federacii // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - T. 12. - # 6. - S. 817-825.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kodzokov I.A.
The influence of the conditions of globalization on the main areas of activity of states
This articles examines the functions of the states, in particular, their changes occurring under the influence of the condition of globalization. Both positive and negative consequences arising under influence of globalization processes are analyzed. The main factors of globalization influencing the functioning of the state in the era of globalization are determined.
Keywords: functions of the state, globalization, unification, internationalization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Meljakina K. B. Vlijanie globalizacii na jekonomicheskuju funkciju gosudarstva // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. - 2012. - # 4. - S. 43-45.
2. Morozova L. A. Vlijanie globalizacii na funkcii gosudarstva // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 2006. - # 6.- S. 101-107.
3. Patrugimov V. V. Vlijanie globalizacii na funkcii gosudarstva // Vestnik ChitGu. - 2011. - # 1. – S. 86-90.
4. Potencial i opasnosti globalizacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/ib/2000/rus/041200r.htm.
5. Jekonomicheskaja mysl' HHI v. // Sb. nauch. trudov. - Kaliningrad, 2001. - # 1. - S.61-63.
6. Morozova L. A. Theory of State and law. - Moscow:Eksmo, 2019.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Mukhamatulina L.M., Vasiljeva K.S.
Implementation of the norms of Russian and international legislation aimed at protecting fundamental rights and freedoms, in the light of the reform of the Constitution of the Russian Federation
The article examines the problems of the implementation of the norms of Russian and international legislation in the field of protecting fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms through the prism of the Constitution of the Russian Federation updated in 2020. It focuses on the constitutional amendment on the possibility of executing decisions (judgments) of the European Court of Human Rights imposing obligations on the Russian Federation, if such decisions are recognized by the Constitutional Court of Russia as contradicting the foundations of public order of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: European Court of Human Rights, protection of fundamental human rights and freedoms, constitutional amendment, Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, human and civil rights and freedoms, implementation of law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aranovskij K. V., Knjazev S. D. Konstitucionnye osnovy ispolnenija postanovlenija ESPCh v pravovoj sisteme Rossijskoj Federacii // Pravoprimenenie. – 2017. – T. 1. – # 1. – S. 139-150. DOI:10.24147/2542-1514. 2017.1(1).139-150.
2. Demidov I. F. Principy ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva v svete Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii (problemy i reshenija) // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2009. – # 6 (150). – S. 66-76.
3. Zhujkov V. M. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo i mezhdunarodnoe pravo: problemy vzaimodejstvija na osnove Konstitucii Rossijskoj Federacii // Zakon.– 2020. – # 3. – S. 115-125.
4. Karpovich O. G. Problemy neispolnenija reshenij Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka: teorija i praktika // Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. – 2020. – # 4. – S. 17-21. DOI: 10.18572/1812-3910-2020-4-17-21.
5. Kuzakbirdiev S. S. Ob otvetstvennosti gosudarstva za kompensaciju poterpevshim ushherba, prichinennogo prestupleniem ili zloupotrebleniem vlast'ju // Aktual'nye problemy juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti (sbornik statej). – Tjumen': Tjumenskij juridicheskij institut MVD RF, 2000. – S. 8-11.
6. Kuzakbirdiev S. S. Realizacija norm prava v pravovom gosudarstve // Issledovanija teoreticheskih problem pravovogo gosudarstva. Trudy Akademii MVD Rossijskoj Federacii. – M.: Akademija MVD Rossii, 1996. – S. 41-46.
7. Kuzakbirdiev S. S. Rol' instituta otvetstvennosti gosudarstva v realizacii prav i svobod grazhdan //Nauchnye issledovanija vysshej shkoly (jubilejnyj vypusk mezhvuzovskogo sbornika nauchnyh trudov). – Tjumen': Tjumenskij juridicheskij institut MVD RF, 1997. – S. 44-47.
8. Kuzakbirdiev S. S. Formy realizacii norm prava v dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M.: Akademija MVD RF, 1996. – 217 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Piskunova O.V.
The method of persuasion in the process of ensuring legal realization
The article examines the theoretical, legal and practical aspects of the method of persuasion in the process of ensuring the implementation of the right, reveals its legal nature and regulatory regulation. Persuasion accompanies the action of a legal norm at different stages of the legal regulation mechanism – from development to implementation. The author pays attention to the practical purpose of this method, as well as to various forms of its manifestation. Special attention is paid to the method of stimulation as one of the forms of persuasion and the forms of its expression: the method of benefits, incentives and legal orientation. The author considered a special type of benefits, characterized by its own specifics – privileges.
Key words: implementation of law, method, persuasion, law-making, enforcement of law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Baranov V. M. Pooshhritel'nye normy sovetskogo socialisticheskogo prava / Pod red. M. I. Bajtina. - Saratov, 1978. - S. 57.
2. Bobrova N. A. Garantii realizacii gosudarstvenno-pravovyh norm. - Voronezh, 1984.
3. Bol'noj jenciklopedicheskij slovar'. - M., 1998.
4. Djurjagin I. Ja. Grazhdanin i zakon. - M., 1989.
5. Lenin V. I. So br. soch. - T. 3.
6. Novik Ju. I. Normy prava v reguljacii pravovogo povedenija lichnosti (psihologicheskie aspekty) // Aktual'nye voprosy gosudarstva i prava /Otv. red. Ju. P. Brovka. Vyp. 4. - Minsk, 1994. - S.14.
7. Polenina S. V. Zakon kak sredstvo realizacii zadach pravovogo gosudarstva. Teorija prava: novye idei. Vyp. 3. - M., 1993.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Romadanova E.I.
Legal and organizational aspects of the introduction of antimonopoly compliance in the activities of Russian legal entities
This article will analyze the work of antimonopoly compliance at Russian enterprises, as well as the position of the FAS on the introduction of a compliance system and encouragement of enterprises, as well as the pros and cons of introducing and using the institute of antimonopoly compliance. An analysis of the need to implement a compliance system in Russian enterprises will be carried out.
Keywords: antimonopoly compliance, compliance system, antimonopoly legislation, Russian enterprises, competition.
Work bibliographic list
1. Analiticheskij doklad Upravlenija po konkurentnoj politike Analiticheskogo centra pri Pravitel'stve RF «Antimonopol'nyj komplaens: tekushhaja praktika i perspektivy razvitija». 2015.
2. Interv'ju rukovoditelja antimonopol'noj praktiki Anastasija Jaremchuk.
3. Interv'ju s rukovoditelem FAS Rossii I.Ju. Artem'evym. Rabota FAS Rossii nad izmeneniem zakonodatel'stva v oblasti antimonopol'noj dejatel'nosti // Rossijskoe konkurentnoe pravo i jekonomika. 2016).
4. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://government.ru/docs/all/115553/ (data obrashhenija:12.03.2018).
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Samusevich A.G., Negamutzyanova A.S.
On the issue of the use of information from social networks in the process of proving
The article deals with issues related to the possibility of using materials from the Internet and social networks as evidence when bringing offenders to justice. In particular, the authors analyze the problems of the legal status of information located in the global information space for its reliability, admissibility, relevance and significance for the resolution of the case. The authors come to the conclusion that today the regulatory legal regulation in this area requires improvement, since the procedure for using these materials is quite difficult.
Keywords: monitoring, Internet, social networks, information, offense, fixation, detection, properties of evidence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bekmurzinova K.K., Golovko V.V. Foto-, videomaterialy, poluchennye grazhdanami, kak otdel'nyj vid dokazatel'stv po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah v oblasti dorozhnogo dvizhenija// Aktual'nye problemy dejatel'nosti po obespecheniju bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija (sostojanie, problemy, puti sovershenstvovanija): sbornik trudov konferencii. 2019. S. 30-32.
2. Bekmurzinova K.K. Foto-, videomaterialy, poluchennye grazhdanami, kak otdel'nyj vid dokazatel'stv po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah v oblasti dorozhnogo dvizhenija //Preemstvennost' i novacii v juridicheskoj nauke: sbornik trudov konferencii. Omsk: Omskaja akademija Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii, 2019. S. 8-10.
3. Zhurkina O.V. Jelektronnye dokazatel'stva: ponjatie i priznaki // Rossijskaja justicija. 2020. # 9.S. 44-46.
4. Nobel' A.R. Opredelenie dopustimosti dokazatel'stv po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2016. # 1 (62). S. 76-84.
5. Novoselova L.A. Dokazatel'stva iz seti «Internet»// 2020 – Sovremennaja kodifikacija civilisticheskogo processual'nogo zakonodatel'stva: vlijanie na pravovuju sistemu, juridicheskuju nauku i formirovanie komfortnoj jurisdikcii: sbornik trudov konferencii. Kazan': Izd-vo Kazanskogo universiteta. 2020. S. 120-127.
6. Samusevich A.G., Negamutzjanova A.S. Monitoring social'nyh setej v dejatel'nosti organov policii po vyjavleniju pravonarushenij: problemnye voprosy // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2021. # 4. S. 123-125.
7. Fomichjova Ja.S. Sredstva obespechenija dostovernosti dokazatel'stv, poluchennyh iz seti Internet // Prestupnost' v SNG: problemy preduprezhdenija i raskrytija prestuplenij: sbornik trudov konferencii. Voronezh: Voronezhskij institut MVD Rossii, 2018. S. 283-285.
8. Junoshev S.V., Kondratjuk S.V. K probleme processual'nogo oformlenija dokazatel'stvennoj informacii, poluchennoj iz Internet-istochnikov // Vektor nauki tol'jattinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: juridicheskie nauki. 2018. # 3 (34). S. 52-57.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kodzokov I.A., Kodzokova K.A.
Social purpose and social value of the state and their relationship with the essence of the state
This article examines the relationship between the social purpose of the state and the essence at various historical stages of its development. An attempt is made comprehensively consider the mutual relationship between the essence and its social purpose and value.
Keywords: state, society, social purpose, essence of state, treaty theory, theory of elites, Marxist doctrine, social policy, functions of state.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev A. S. Makiavelli kak politicheskij myslitel'. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://az.lib.ru/a/alekseew_a_s/text_1880_makkiavelli.shtml6.
2. K. Marks - F. Jengel's. Manifest Kommunisticheskoj partii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.marxists.org/russkij/marx/1848/manifesto.htm#13.
3. Stat'ja o platonovskom dialoge «Gosudarstvo».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://iphlib.ru/library/collection/newphilenc/page/about.
4. Hropanjuk V. N. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. - M.:Interstil', 2008.
5. Chanyshev A. N. Kurs lekcii po drevnej filosofii. - M.: Vysshaja shkola, 1991.
6. Shevchuk D. A. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. - M.: Jeksmo, 2009.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Yakovets E.N., Zhuravlenko N.I., Ozhiganova M.I.
Legal status of foreign citizens and representatives of the Non-Russian population of the Russian State during the period of the reforms of the Peter the Great. Part I
The article examines the origins of the xenophobia of the Great Russians and the Russophobia of representatives of other nationalities in Russia, the influence of these phenomena on inciting information wars, the merits of Peter the Great in neutralizing interethnic contradictions.
Keywords: xenophobia, Russophobia, Russification national policy, preservation of national identity, religious tolerance.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kostikov V. Prizrak brodit… Kakie opasnosti podsteregajut Rossiju // Argumenty i fakty. 2010. - # 51.- S. 6.
2. Kostomarov N. I. Domashnjaja zhizn' i nravy velikorusskogo naroda / sost., predisl., primech. S. L. Nikolaeva. - M.: Jekonomika, 1993.
3. Romanova N. M. Nacional'no-kul'turnye i religioznye organizacii Sankt-Peterburga. SPb., 2004.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ethnomuseum.ru/section343/63/326/3811.htm (data obrashhenija: 23.07.2021).
4. Solov'ev S. M. Chtenija i rasskazy po istorii Rossii. - M.: Izd-vo «Pravda», 1989.
5. Fedoseev Ju. G. Romanovy. Vek pervyj. - M.: Izd-vo«V.A. Streleckij», 2008.
6. Shevchenko O. M. Ksenofobija v istorii Rossii: faktory formirovanija i dominirujushhie vidy // ISOM.- 2013. - # 5. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:
https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ksenofobiya-v-istoriirossii-faktory-formirovaniya-i-dominiruyuschie-vidy(data obrashhenija: 23.07.2021).
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Dashkov T.K., Usachev S.I.
The history of distribution and legal measures to combat tobacco smoking in Russia
This article is devoted to the history of the emergence and distribution of tobacco in Russia. The
relevance of the topic lies in the fact that limiting the spread of tobacco consumption will save the life and health of millions of people, will ensure a decrease in GDP losses from the consequences of tobacco smoking. The article also examines the regulatory legal acts adopted to ensure the protection of human health on the territory of the Russian Federation from the effects of second hand tobacco smoke and the consequences of tobacco consumption.
Keywords: smoking, tobacco, life, health, economy, healthcare, state.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gerasimenko N. F., Aleksandrova O. Ju., Biksolt A. M. Novoe zakonodatel'stvo ob ogranichenii tabakokurenija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Social'nye aspekty zdorov'ja naselenija. – 2014. # 2.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/novoe-zakonodatelstvo-obogranichenii-tabakokureniya-v-rossiyskoyfederatsii/viewer (data obrashhenija: 12.08.2021).
2. Ivanova L. Ju. Sokrashhenie kurenija v Rossii sredi podrostkov i vzroslogo naselenija // Sociologija i obshhestvo: tradicii i innovacii v social'nom razvitii regionov: Sbornik dokladov VI Vserossijskogo sociologicheskogo kongressa (Tjumen', 14–16 oktjabrja 2020 g.) / Otv. red. V. A. Mansurov; red. E. Ju. Ivanova. – M., 2020. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.ssa-rss.ru/files/congress/congress_2020.pdf (data obrashhenija: 16.08.2021).
3. Katkova I. P. Aktual'nye problemy stanovlenija monitoringa tabachnoj jepidemii i obuslovlennyh eju posledstvij v Rossii // II Vserossijskij demograficheskij forum s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem: materialy foruma (Moskva, 4 – 5 dekabrja 2020 g.) / Otv. red. S. V. Rjazancev, T. K. Rostovskaja.– Moskva, 2020. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.isras.ru/publ.html?id=8679(data obrashhenija: 16.08.2021).
4. Kuznecova P. O. Kurenie kak faktor sokrashhenija ozhidaemoj prodolzhitel'nosti zhizni v Rossii // Demograficheskoe obozrenie. – 2019.– # 3 (6). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/kurenie-kakfaktor-sokrascheniya-ozhidaemoy-prodolzhitelnostizhizni-v-rossii/viewer (data obrashhenija: 12.08.2021).
5. Ramochnaja Konvencija Vsemirnoj organizacii zdravoohranenija po bor'be protiv tabaka ot 23 maja 2003 g., prinjata na 56-j sessii Vsemirnoj assamblei zdravoohranenija (rukovodjashhij organ VOZ) v Zheneve // Oficial'nyj internet portal pravovoj informacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/
decl_conv/conventions/pdf/tobacco.pdf (data obrashhenija: 12.08.2021).
6. Sapunova I. D., Koncevaja A. V., Myrzamatova A.O. i dr. Jekonomicheskij ushherb ot kurenija, associirovannyj s chetyr'mja gruppami hronicheskih neinfekcionnyh zabolevanij v Rossijskoj Federacii v 2016 godu // Kardiovaskuljarnaja terapija i profilaktika. – 2019. – # 18 (6). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ekonomicheskiy-uscherb-ot-kureniyaas s o t s i i r o v a n n y y - s - c h e t y r m y a - g r u p p a m i -hronicheskih-neinfektsionnyh-zabolevaniy-vrossiyskoy/viewer (data obrashhenija: 12.08.2021).
7. Suhovskaja O. A., Kulikov V. D. Kurenie: sovremennoe sostojanie problemy v RF // Astma i allergija.– 2016. – # 4. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/kureniesovremennoe-sostoyanie-problemy-v-rf/viewer(data obrashhenija: 11.08.2021).
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Zotova K.V., Fedotova I.N.
The Soviet correctional labor camp through the eyes of a prisoner (based on the works of V. Shalamov and E. Ginzburg)
The article presents analysis of the works of prisoners of Kolyma camps V. Shalamov and E. Ginzburg. Based on their testimonies, the authors reveal little-known aspects of camp life that were not reflected in the regulations and office documentation. The correctional labor camp as an
element of the Soviet punitive system is characterized through the prism of the prisoners’ personal perception.
Keywords: Varlam Shalamov, Yevgenia Ginzburg, GULAG, correctional labor camp, prisoners.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ginzburg E. S. Krutoj marshrut: Hronika vremen kul'ta lichnosti. – M.: Kniga, 1991. – 734 s.
2. GULAG: Glavnoe upravlenie lagerej. 1918-1960 /sost. A. I. Kokurin, N. V. Petrov. – M.: Materik, 2000. – 888 s.
3. Istorija stalinskogo GULAGa. Konec 1920-h – pervaja polovina 1950-h gg.: sobr. dok. v 7 t. / otv. red. I sost. O. V. Hlevnjuk. – M.: ROSSPJeN, 2004.
4. Medvedev R. A. K sudu istorii: O Staline i stalinizme. – M.: Vremja, 2011. – 656 s.
5. Shalamov V. T. Kolymskie rasskazy. – M.: Jeksmo, 2007. – 656 s.
6. Shalamov V. T. Levyj bereg: Rasskazy. – M.: Sovremennik, 1989. – 559 s.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Permyakov M.V., Khodasevich O.N., Kilin A.G.
Organization of the bar in Russia
The desire to democratize the political and economic spheres of society and the gradual desire to establish the rule of law in Russia have led to the necessary changes in the activities of all legal institutions aimed at protecting the rights and freedoms of citizens, one of which is really the bar. The improvement of this legal institution, in our opinion, is a necessary step towards the establishment and development of democracy in Russia, since the presence of people in the state who are able to provide competent and professional legal assistance is a guarantee of the democratic development of society as a whole.
Keywords: lawyer, judge, democracy, legal aid, competence, law school, bar association, oath, license, client, situation, incident, insurance claims, financial losses, damage, claim.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii» (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020).
2. Zatonskij V. A. Pravovaja kul'tura lichnosti – vazhnyj faktor social'noj modernizacii: teoreticheskij aspekt // Pravovaja kul'tura. – 2010. – # 2. – S. 145.
3. Lizneva D. S., Chadnova I. V. Nravstvennost' v professii advokata-zashhitnika po ugolovnym delam// Gumanitarnye nauki: sb. st. na mat. XIV Mezhdunarodnaja studencheskaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija # 14. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://sibac.info/archive/humanities/guman8 (11).pdf (data obrashhenija: 16.04.2018).
4. Moral' i dogma jurista. Professional'naja juridicheskaja jetika // Pod obshhej redakciej I. L. Trunova.– M.: JeKSMO, 2008.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Saberova M.Sh., Khanin S.V., Polyakova E.S.
Formation and development of procurement legislation in pre-revolutionary Russia
The article analyzes the process of the emergence, formation and development of the institute of public procurement. The need for this study is caused by the role of public procurement in modern society. The law on the Contract System is the most subject to changes more than any other federal law. This speaks, first of all, about its imperfection. The study of history can make it possible to eliminate existing gaps and conflicts with the help of past experience.
Keywords: contract system, public procurement, history of procurement development, state order, corruption in procurement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 05.11.2019 #1401 «O tipovyh formah zajavok na uchastie v jelektronnyh procedurah, zakrytyh jelektronnyh procedurah, trebovanijah k soderzhaniju, sostavu, porjadku razrabotki tipovoj dokumentacii o zakupke i vnesenii izmenenija v dopolnitel'nye trebovanija k operatoram jelektronnyh ploshhadok, operatoram specializirovannyh jelektronnyh ploshhadok i funkcionirovaniju jelektronnyh ploshhadok, specializirovannyh jelektronnyh ploshhadok».
2. Goncharov E. Istorija torgov v Rossii // Konkursnye torgi.1998. # 8.S. 39-44.
3. Seljametov A.M. Sovershenstvovanie rynochnyh mehanizmov osushhestvlenija goszakupok v Rossii. Dissertacija na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kand. jekonom. nauk, 2000, 216 s.
4. Hanin S.V., Saberova M.Sh. Princip otkrytosti i prozrachnosti v zakonodatel'stve o kontraktnoj sisteme // Juridicheskaja tehnika. 2020. # 14.S. 336-339.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Yakovets E.N., Zhuravlenko N.I., Grigorus L.N.
Development of production relations in Russia at the times of Peter the Great
The article examines the reform activities of Peter the Great in the economic sphere, which made it possible to increase state revenues by more than five times by increasing the number of manufactories, creating and developing joint-stock companies, forming a legislative basis for joint-stock entrepreneurship, developing trade, organizing credit relations, forming a system of state banks, creation of private banking houses, formation of exchange activities.
Keywords: manufactory, joint-stock company, joint-stock entrepreneurship, credit relations, state bank, exchange activity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vsemirnaja istorija. V 10 t. - M: Izd-vo social'no-jekonomicheskoj literatury, 1958.
2. Kljuchevskij V. O. Sochinenija. V 8 t. - M.: Gosudarstvennoe izd-vo politicheskoj literatury, 1956.
3. Solov'ev S. M. Chtenija i rasskazy po istorii Rossii. - M.: Izd-vo «Pravda», 1989.
4. Fedoseev Ju. G. Romanovy. Vek pervyj. - M.: Izd-vo«V. A. Streleckij», 2008.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Gryaznova E.A.
Ensuring the right to freedom and personal inviolability, the grounds and procedure for restricting it in criminal proceedings
The article considers the grounds and procedure for restricting the right to freedom and personal inviolability provided for by the procedural legislation of the Russian Federation. There is a contradiction between national and international legislation regarding the permissibility of restricting personal inviolability. The issues of restriction of the right to freedom and personal inviolability are considered on the example of the detention of a suspect. It is proposed to expand the list of guarantees to minimize the risk of erroneous restriction of personal integrity.
Keywords: personal inviolability, grounds, criminal procedure, personal inviolability, freedom, preventive measure.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 4 ijulja 2020 g. – # 144.
2. Konvencija o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod (Zakljuchena v g. Rime 04.11.1950) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 08.01.2001. – # 2. – St. 163.
3. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 24.12.2001. – # 52(ch. I). – St. 4921.
4. Il'in N. L. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye principy sudebnogo kontrolja za sobljudeniem prav na svobodu i lichnuju neprikosnovennost' // Sud'ja. –2019. – # 3 (99). – S. 28-31.
5. Bulanova N. V. Ugolovno-processual'nye garantii konstitucionnogo prava na svobodu i lichnuju neprikosnovennost' // Zakonnost'. – 2019. – # 10 (1020).– S. 55-59.
6. Burashnikova N. A. Kriterii spravedlivosti sudebnogo kontrolja za sobljudeniem prava na svobodu i lichnuju neprikosnovennost' // Sud'ja. – 2020.# 4 (112). – S. 29-33.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Dibirov M.T., Murtazalieva P.Z.
Guarantees of citizens’ electoral rights
The article analyzes the concept of guarantees of citizens’ electoral rights, provides opinions of various authors on the content of this category. The author focuses on the guarantees of the protection of electoral rights, namely, the judicial and administrative procedure for the consideration of electoral disputes. As a result of a comprehensive legal analysis of the provisions of the Federal Law “On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and the Right to Participate in a Referendum of Citizens of the Russian Federation”, the author comes to the conclusion that the administrative procedure for considering and resolving electoral disputes has certain shortcomings due to the lack of proper legal regulation.
Keywords: electoral rights, guarantees of electoral rights, the right to judicial protection, administrative procedure for consideration of electoral disputes, electoral legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Baglaj M. V. Konstitucionnoe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii. – M., 2003.
2. Bornovolokov P. A. Ponjatie i klassifikacija konstitucionno-pravovyh garantij izbiratel'nyh prav grazhdan Rossijskoj Federacii // Akademicheskij vestnik. – 2008. – # 2. – S. 137-148.
3. Ishhenko E. P., Ishhenko A. E. Izbiratel'nye spory:vozniknovenie, razreshenie, preduprezhdenie. – M.,RCOIT, 2002.
4. Katkov D. B., Korchigo E. V. Izbiratel'noe pravo. –M., 2001.
5. Keshikova N. V. Porjadok organizacii i provedenija vyborov v organy gosudarstvennoj vlasti v Rossii:avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – SPb., 2001.
6. Postnikov A. E. Izbiratel'noe pravo Rossii. – M., 1996.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Idrisov I.K., Verdiev M.A.
Priority directions and ways to optimize the activities of the social institute of patriotism
The social order of the Russian state for the education of a person who is modernly educated, moral, enterprising, ready to make decisions independently in a situation of choice, capable of cooperation and intercultural interaction, having a sense of responsibility for the fate of the country over the past two decades has been reflected in many regulatory documents: the National Doctrine of Education of Russia, the Concept of Modernization of Russian Education, Concepts and State Programs of Patriotic education of Russian citizens, as well as Programs for the education of cadets, trainees, students of educational institutions of Russia. This process was constantly in the focus of attention of social, state institutions and the public.
Keywords: patriotic education, priority areas, national security.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Patrioticheskoe vospitanie grazhdan Rossijskoj Federacii na 2016-2020 gody». Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 dekabrja 2015 g. # 1493.
2. Ambarjan H. M. Problemy boevoj podgotovki Suhoputnyh vojsk i puti ih reshenija: Dis. … dokt. voen. nauk. - M.: VAF, 1978.
3. Ancupov A. Ja., Malyshev A. A., Piliponskij A. G. Metody izuchenija politrabotnikami social'no-psihologicheskih javlenij v polku. - M.: VPA, 1989.
4. Tipovoj Kodeks jetiki i sluzhebnogo povedenija gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih Rossijskoj Federacii i municipal'nyh sluzhashhih: odobren resheniem prezidiuma Soveta pri Prezidente Rossijskoj Federacii po protivodejstviju korrupcii ot 23 dekabrja 2010 g. (protokol # 21) // Oficial'nye dokumenty v obrazovanii. - 2011. - # 36.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Gadzhiemenova Z.M.
The role of constitutional control in ensuring the rule of law
The author considers the principle of the rule of law in the political and legal field of the Russian Federation and the role of constitutional control in ensuring and implementing this principle. The experience of foreign countries in implementing this principle within the framework of their basic laws is analyzed.
Keywords: rule of law, rule of law, constitutional control, Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, legal principles.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija. – M., 2020.
2. Gadzhiev G. A. O sudebnoj doktrine verhovenstva prava // Sravnitel'noe konstitucionnoe obozrenie. – 2013. – # 4.
3. Gracheva S. A. Doktrina verhovenstva prava i sudebnye pravovye pozicii // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2015. – # 4.
4. Zor'kin V. D. Verhovenstvo prava i vstrecha civilizacij // Zhurnal konstitucionnogo pravosudija.– 2008. – # 1.
5. Zor'kin V. D. Rol' Konstitucionnogo suda RF v realizacii Konvencii o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod // Materialy VIII Mezhdunarodnogo foruma po konstitucionnomu pravosudiju «Implementacija reshenij Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka v praktike konstitucionnyh sudov stran Evropy». – M., 2005.
6. Morozova D. G. O verhovenstve prava i pravovogo zakona // Leningradskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2011.
7. Chirkin V. E. Verhovenstvo prava: sovremennye varianty terminologii // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2015. – # 12.
8. Jebzeev B. S. Konstitucija, vlast' i svoboda v Rossii:opyt sinteticheskogo issledovanija. – M.: Prospekt, 2014.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Damirova K.R. ,Ramazanova E.T.
Constitutional and legal framework for ensuring the national security of the Russian Federation
This article discusses some issues related to the foundations of constitutional and legal support of national security, as well as the protection of national interests in the Russian Federation today.
Keywords: state security, national security, objects of national security, content of national security, structure of national security, subjects of national security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zolotarev V. A. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' strany.- M., 2013. - 289 s.
2. Konjuhova T. V. Pravovoe obespechenie bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii. - M.: Jurajt, 2015. - 251 s.
3. Senchagov V. K. Jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' Rossii:Obshhij kurs: Uchebnik. - M.: Jurajt, 2014. - 321 s.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Biruykova E. R.
On the question of the correct understanding of the concept of «civil servant»
The article considers the concept of “civil servant”, focuses on the role of a civil servant in the life of society. Today, state-building requires the formation of a wide layer of highly qualified civil servants. Serving the people and working for the benefit of the population is the main goal of the activity of a civil servant. The creation of a highly effective public service is a necessary condition for strengthening the Russian democratic statehood. A civil servant must comply with his appointment.
Keywords: civil servants, state, citizenship, people, people, society.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ashin A. A., Nekrasova M. A. Imidzh gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih: ponjatie, soderzhanie, znachenie //Uchenye zapiski. – 2020. - # 1 (33). – S. 18.
2. Barabashev A. G. Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba v Rossijskoj Federacii: sovremennoe sostojanie, problemy i perspektivy analiticheskij obzor napravlenij i soderzhanija reformirovanija gossluzhby v Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pareform.ru/bulletin/ (data obrashhenija: 27.07.2021).
3. Zapol'nova L. A., Bedov G. A. Gosudarstvennaja, municipal'naja sluzhba i kadrovaja politika: uchebnoe posobie. - M., 2010.
4. Markin V. N. Grazhdanstvennost' kak professional'noe kachestvo gosudarstvennogo sluzhashhego.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://elibrary.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 04.02.21).
5. Muradjan V. A. Produktivnost' upravlencheskoj dejatel'nosti rukovoditelej v sisteme gosudarstvennoj sluzhby: dis. ... kand. psihol. nauk. - M., 2003.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Kirillovykh A. A.
The system and competence of public administration bodies in the field of higher education in Russia
The article is devoted to the organizational, legal and functional aspects of building a system of governing bodies in the field of higher education in the Russian Federation, taking into account the need to ensure the progressive development and modernization of the educational sector of public administration in the framework of the administrative reform carried out in the country. It is concluded that at the federal level of state power, a system of higher education management bodies of general (the President of the Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation) and special (the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Rosobrnadzor of Russia) competence has been formed and operates. At the same time, Rosobrnador plays a special role in the development of the higher education system as a body designed to use a wide range of regulatory tools, including standard-setting in the field of licensing and state accreditation, within the framework of the coordination model of direct interaction with the Government of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: law, education, management, competence, system, body, power, state.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borisov A. M. Reformirovanie sistemy organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti i novaja shema gosudarstvennogo territorial'nogo upravlenija // Administrativnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2012. – # 9. – S. 33-37.
2. Volkov A. M., Ljutjagina E. A. K voprosu o roli i meste Administracii Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii // Administrativnoe pravo i process. – 2012.– # 3. – S. 34-39.
3. Kostennikov M. V., Kurakin A. V., Kononov A. M., Kononov P. I. Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo prava: uchebnik dlja studentov vuzov, obuchajushhihsja po special'nosti «Jurisprudencija». – M.:Juniti-Dana, 2013.
4. Lahtina T. A., Komovkina L. S. Voprosy sovershenstvovanija sistemy i struktury federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti // Administrativnoe pravo i process. – 2019. – # 6. – S. 38-40.
5. Mickevich L. A. Ocherki teorii administrativnogo prava: sovremennoe napolnenie. – M.: Prospekt,2016.
6. Ozhiganova M. V. Razmyshlenija o reforme gosudarstvennogo kontrolja i nadzora v sfere vysshego obrazovanija // Pravo i obrazovanie. – 2019. – # 1. – C. 68.
7. Pashencev D. A., Zaloilo M. V., Ivanjuk O. A., Golovina A. A. Cifrovizacija pravotvorchestva: poisk novyh reshenij. – M., 2019.
8. Prokof'ev V. N. Predely kompetencii Administracii Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii: konstitucionno-pravovoj aspekt // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2015. – # 12. – S. 45-50.
9. Rossinskij B. V. Administrativno-pravovye aspekty gosudarstvennogo upravlenija v Rossii. Sistemnye podhody. – M.: Norma: INFRA-M, 2020.
10. Rossinskij B. V. K voprosu o reformirovanii sistemy federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti // Administrativnoe pravo i process. – 2004.– # 1. – S. 20-24.
11. Rossinskij B. V. Razmyshlenija o reforme sistemy federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti // Administrativnoe pravo i process. – 2019. – # 10. – S. 38-42.
12. Starilov Ju. N. Celesoobraznost' ili zakonnost':kakoj kriterij luchshe dlja praktiki formirovanija sistemy federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti? // Administrativnoe pravo i process. –2017. – # 3. – S. 24-32.
13. Starostina I. A. Universitety v konstitucionno-pravovom prostranstve Rossii // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2013. – # 10. – S. 21-25.
14. Haritonova Ju. S. Upravlenie v grazhdanskom prave: problemy teorii i praktiki. – M.: Norma:Infra-M, 2011.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Mikhaylov M. Yu., Polskoy I. P.
Some issues arising during the implementation of the legislation on administrative supervision of persons released from the places of detention
This article examines a number of issues arising in the implementation of administrative supervision by the internal affairs bodies of persons released from places of detention and provides the necessary recommendations for use in practice by police officers.
Keywords: administrative supervision, supervised person, criminal record, police, behavior control.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2021).
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 06.04.2011 # 64-FZ «Ob administrativnom nadzore za licami, osvobozhdennymi iz mest lishenija svobody». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2021).
3. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 08.07.2011 # 818 «O Porjadke osushhestvlenija administrativnogo nadzora za licami, osvobozhdennymi iz mest lishenija svobody». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2021).
4. Chistova L. E. Metodika rassledovanija uklonenija ot administrativnogo nadzora: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie / Chistova L. E. — Moskva: Justicin-form, 2016. — 136 s. — ISBN 978-5-7205-1346-7. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://book.ru/book/921411 (data obrashhenija: 10.02.2021). — Tekst:jelektronnyj.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Pavlov N. V., Ovchinnikov E. B., Pulikov V.G.
Powers of the Government of the Russian Federation in special conditions related to the COVID-19 pandemic
The Coronovirus infection pandemic is a serious test for almost all states of our planet. Some states were able to almost completely cope with it and return to their usual way of life, while some countries, where until recently there was a favorable epidemiological situation, have just begun their fight against this disease. Such drastic changes in the usual way of life in any country inevitably require the prompt elaboration of legislation, which will minimize all possible negative consequences. An example of such changes in legislation can be our state, where, in the shortest possible time, changes were made in the legislation in the field of the powers of the Government of the Russian Federation, which greatly helped to level the negative consequences of the pandemic.
Keywords: Changes in legislation, powers of the Government of the Russian Federation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja): federal. zakon ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ: v red. ot 09.03.2021 // SZ RF. – 1994. – # 32. – St. 3301.
2. O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii v celjah prinjatija neotlozhnyh mer, napravlennyh na obespechenie ustojchivogo razvitija jekonomiki i predotvrashhenie posledstvij rasprostranenija novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii: federal. zakon ot 08.06.2020 #166-FZ: v red. ot 8.06.2020 // SZ RF. – 15.06.2020. – #34. – St. 3740.
3. O kommercheskoj tajne: federal. zakon ot 29.07.2004 #98-FZ : v red. ot 2.02.2006 // SZ RF. – 09.08.2004. – #32. – St. 3283.
4. Ob osobennostjah osushhestvlenija v 2020 godu gosudarstvennogo kontrolja (nadzora), municipal'nogo kontrolja i o vnesenii izmenenija v punkt 7 Pravil podgotovki organami gosudarstvennogo kontrolja (nadzora) i organami municipal'nogo kontrolja ezhegodnyh planov provedenija planovyh proverok juridicheskih lic i individual'nyh predprinimatelej: postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 3 aprelja 2020 g. – # 438. – SZ RF. – 13.04.2020. – # 15.– St. 2292.
5. Ob osobennostjah predostavlenija kommunal'nyh uslug sobstvennikam i pol'zovateljam pomeshhenij v mnogokvartirnyh domah i zhilyh domov: postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 2 aprelja 2020 g. – # 424.– SZ RF. – 13.04. 2020. – # 15. – St. 2281.
6. Gorelikova H. A., Pavlov N. V. K voprosu konstitucionnyh izmenenij v sfere mestnogo samoupravlenija. — Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Molodoj uchenyj. — 2021. — # 8 (350). — S. 82-84. — [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: https://moluch.ru/archive/350/78734/ (data obrashhenija: 10.06.2021).
7. Mishustin M.V. Ezhegodnyj otchet Pravitel'stva RF Gosudarstvennoj Dume Federal'nogo Sobranija RF. – Sajt Pravitel'stva RF. – 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: http://government.ru/news/42158/.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Peganova Yu. A.
«Transfer of powers»: analysis of terminological substitution in Russian legal doctrine and law-making practice
The article focuses on the comparative study of the use of the terms «delegacy», «devolution», «transfer», «decentralization», «empowerment» and more with regard to the transfer of powers in the Russian legal doctrine and legislative practice. By juxtaposing scientific approaches and the regulatory framework the author highlights that these concepts are interrelated but they are not interchangeable. At the same time the author shows that the terminological substitution does not have a critical impact on the mechanism for implementing the transferred powers, rights, duties and responsibilities of the people and entities participating in the procedure.
Keywords: delegation of powers, decentralization, empowerment, transfer of powers, organization of public administration, competence, terminological substitution.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Shabanov T. V.
Problems of regulating the administrative and legal status of the Ministry of Construction of the Khabarovsk Territory
Construction is the most important branch of the national economy, which creates conditions for the progressive development of the country’s economy. Regulation and control of relations carried out in this industry is entrusted to the Ministry of Construction, which has its own regional divisions. There are some problems of regulating the administrative and legal status of the Ministry of Construction, including in the Khabarovsk Territory, which are discussed in this article. The article also considers some views, the nature and content of the administrative and legal status of the Ministry of Construction of the Khabarovsk Territory. Its compliance with the criteria of belonging to the state executive authorities is considered. Recommendations for improving the legalization of the legal status of the Ministry of Construction are proposed.
Keywords: Khabarovsk Territory, state executive authority, administrative and legal status, Ministry of Construction, housing and communal services.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Habarovskogo kraja ot 10 aprelja 2009 g. # 126-pr «Ob utverzhdenii polozhenija o Ministerstve stroitel'stva Habarovskogo kraja». [Jelektronnyj resurs] / Konsul'tant pljus.
2. Beschastnova L. V. Sub"ekty predostavlenija gosudarstvennyh uslug // Problemy i perspektivy razvitija sovremennoj jurisprudencii. Materialy nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Otv. Redaktor N. N. Brjakin. – 2019. – S. 20-25.
3. Vvedenskaja V. V. Administrativno-pravovoj status ministerstva stroitel'stva i zhilishhno-kommunal'nogo hozjajstva doneckoj narodnoj respubliki// Pravo Doneckoj Narodnoj Respubliki. – 2019. –# 3 (15). – S. 65-72.
4. Zabolotnij M. A. Ministerstvo stroitel'stva i zhilishhno-kommunal'nogo hozjajstva Rossijskoj Federacii kak sub"ekt administrativnogo prava // Obrazovanie i nauka v sovremennyh realijah. Sbornik materialov IV Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Redkollegija: O. N. Shirokov[i dr.]. – 2018. – S. 271-273.
5. Korchagina K. A. Administrativno-pravovoj status organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti. – Rostov-na-Donu, 2019.
6. Pozdnjakova E. V., Sergeev M. I. Struktura administrativno-pravovogo statusa organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti // Nauchnyj zhurnal Diskurs. – 2016. – #1 (1). – S. 341-344.
7. Uskova A. S. O soderzhanii osnovnyh jelementov administrativno-pravovogo statusa organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti // Administrativnye procedury:problemy pravovogo regulirovanija. sbornik nauchnyh statej. – 2020. – S. 266-373.
8. Hismatova A. R. Dilemma v tolkovanii termina «administrativno-pravovoj status organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti» // Aktual'nye voprosy primenenija norm administrativnogo prava («Korenevskie chtenija»). Sbornik nauchnyh trudov III Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2019. – S.456-458.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Kutskel M. V.
On the issue of the formation of administrative responsibility for drug trafficking
The author examines the emergence and development of responsibility for drug trafficking. Special attention is paid to the genesis of administrative responsibility. The main sources of law establishing responsibility since the formation of statehood in Russia are analyzed.
The author’s periodization of the formation of administrative responsibility for drug trafficking is proposed.
Keywords: administrative responsibility, narcotic drugs, history, illegal drug trafficking.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akinin V.A. Istoricheskie aspekty stanovlenija rossijskogo ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva ob otvetstvennosti za narushenie pravil oborota narkoticheskih sredstv ili psihotropnyh veshhestv // Ugolovnaja politika: teorija i praktika. 2010. # 2 (29).
2. Krasnova M.A. Istoricheskij analiz razvitija normativnoj bazy protivodejstvija nezakonnomu oborotu narkoticheskih sredstv // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. 2014.# 12-2. S. 56.
3. Nazaruk M.V. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost' za nezakonnye priobretenie, hranenie, potreblenie narkoticheskih sredstv ili psihotropnyh veshhestv.dis. ... k.ju.n. 12.00.14. M., 2018.
4. Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossijskoj Imperii. Sobranie Vtoroe. Tom XXII. Otdelenie 1. 1847 g.
5. Protivodejstvie nezakonnomu oborotu narkoticheskih sredstv. Uchebnoe posobie /Pod obshhej redakciej Sergeeva A.N. M.: UBNON MVD Rossii, Moskovskaja akademija MVD Rossii, Shhit-M, 2000.
6. Sbornik dogovorov Rossii s Kitaem. 1689-1881 gg. /[Izd. D. Peshhurov]. − Sankt-Peterburg: M-vo in. del,1889.
7. Sbornik uzakonenij i rasporjazhenij po tamozhennoj chasti v Priamurskom krae i Vostochnoj Sibiri po 1 janvarja 1912 g. SPb., 1912.
8. Smirnov A.M. Inkvizicija (samosud) russkoj pravoslavnoj cerkvi // Prolog: zhurnal o prave. 2014.T. 2. # 4.
9. Sobranie uzakonenij i rasporjazhenij pravitel'stva. 1915. Otdel pervyj. Pervoe polugodie. # 170.
10. Chistjakov O.I. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo X-XXvekov: v 9 t. M., 1984. T. 1.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Kashtanova A. O., Kozlova A. A.
Maintaining accounts in social networks as a factor in attracting the attention of applicants to the federal Penitentiary Service (using the example of the TikTok online platform)
Social networks are online platforms that allow you to create social relationships between people based on their interests.
The article lists the most popular social networks in Russia. The purpose of this article is to determine the necessity of maintaining accounts in the TikTok online platform by educational organizations of higher education of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, as well as the format of the information presented to attract public interest in the activities of the department. In the course of the conducted research, conclusions were formulated concerning the need for the use of the online service by departmental universities.
Keywords: the penal enforcement system of the Russian Federation, Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, modern technologies, TikTok, social networks, educational organizations of higher education.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Shcherbakov I. S.
Features of professional training of employees of the road patrol service
The road patrol service is a rather important attribute of road safety. One of its effective methods to reduce road hazards is constant traffic control by road patrol officers, who must have their own special and professional knowledge, qualities and methods of operational work necessary for their professional activities. But in order to become an employee of the road patrol service, it is necessary to undergo special professional training, which are certain activities. So, in this article, we will consider in detail the features of the process of professional training of road patrol officers.
Keywords: professional training, employee, service, traffic, traffic police.
Work bibliographic list
1. V Rossii chislo pogibshih v DTP na dorogah snizilos' na 13 % za pervye pjat' mesjacev 2021 goda. [Jelektronnyj istochnik]. — Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/obschestvo/11932109 (data obrashhenija: 17.08.2021).
2. Dorozhno-patrul'naja sluzhba GIBDD. [Jelektronnyj istochnik]. — Rezhim dostupa: https://studref.com/396648/pravo/dorozhno_patrulnaya_sluzhba_gibdd(data obrashhenija: 18.08.2021).
3. Kak gotovjat sotrudnikov GIBDD: pobyval v Centre Professional'noj Podgotovki GU MVD Rossii.[Jelektronnyj istochnik]. — Rezhim dostupa: https://zen.yandex.ru/media/zhzhitel/kak-gotoviat-sotrudnikovgibdd-pobyval-v-centre-professionalnoi-podgotovki-gumvd-rossii-5fd22b574552dc56ee800cae (data obrashhenija:18.08.2021)
4. Kak stat' inspektorom GIBDD - trebovanija, pljusy i minusy professii. [Jelektronnyj istochnik]. — Rezhim dostupa: https://nauka.club/karera/inspektor-gibdd.html (data obrashhenija: 17.08.2021).
5. Mingaleev Je. B., Osobennosti professional'noj dejatel'nosti sotrudnikov DPS GIBDD // Je. B. Mingaleev,Ju. B. Leneva, A. A. Rassadin. Jel. zhurnal, 2018. — S.313–316
6. SZ RF. 1998. # 25. St. 2897; 2002. # 27. St. 2679; 2005. # 19. St. 1781; 2007. # 18. St. 2180; 2008. # 27. St. 3250;2013. # 65. St. 1506.
7. SZ RF. 2011. # 7. St. 900; # 27. St. 3880. # 27. St. 3881;# 30. St. 4595; # 48. St. 6730; # 49. St. 7018; # 49. St.7020; # 49. St. 7067; # 50. St. 7352.
8. Sobranie aktov Prezidenta i Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii, 1993. # 47. St. 4531; SZ RF. 1998. # 45. St. 5521; 2000; # 18. St. 1985; 2001. # 11.St. 1029; 2002. # 9. St. 931; # 27. St. 2693; 2003. # 20. St. 1899; 2003. # 40.St. 3891; 2005. # 52 (ch. III). St. 5733; 2006. # 11. St. 1179; 2008. # 8. St. 741; # 17. St. 1882. 2009. # 2. St. 233; # 5. St. 610; 2010. # 9. St. 976; # 20.St. 2471.
9. Centr professional'noj podgotovki. [Jelektronnyj istochnik]. — Rezhim dostupa: https://77.mvd.rf/gu-mvd/struktura-upravlenija/centry/centr-professional'nojpodgotovki (data obrashhenija:18.08.2021).
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Belousov V. P.
Specific features of the foundations of local self-government in the CIS countries
The article examines the specific features of local self-government in the CIS countries, reflecting the national characteristics of the development and formation of the foundations of the post-Soviet formation of local self-government, notes the specific features of the development of local self-government in each of the republics under consideration at the present stage, evaluates the activities of local self-government bodies, identifies the main problems and ways to solve them.
Keywords: municipality, local government, self-government, referendum, mixed form of government, needs of the population, government bodies, CIS.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020).
2. Konstitucija Respubliki Kazahstan (prinjata na respublikanskom referendume 30 avgusta 1995 goda) (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 23.03.2019 g.) // Oficial'nyj sajt Prezidenta Respubliki Kazahstan. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.akorda.kz/ru/official_documents/constitution (data obrashhenija: 15.07.2021).
3. Konstitucija Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki ot 5 maja 2021 goda (prinjataja referendumom (vsenarodnym golosovaniem) 11 aprelja 2021 goda.
4. Konstitucija Respubliki Belarus' 1994 goda (s izm. i dop., prinjatymi na resp. referendumah 24 nojab. 1996 g. i 17 okt. 2004 g.). – Minsk, 2012.
5. Zakon RK «O mestnom gosudarstvennom upravlenii i samoupravlenii v Respublike Kazahstan». – Astana, 2015.
6. Petrov A. P. Konstitucionnoe pravo: Uchebnoe posobie. – Minsk: Amalfeja, 2011.
7. Sovarenko A. V. Mestnoe samoupravlenie: pravo ili objazannost'? (sushhnost' mestnogo samoupravlenija)// Vybor vlasti. Vlast' vybora: sb. dok. Vserossijskoj nauchno-Bjulleten' nauki i praktiki / Bulletin of Science and Practice. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.bulletennauki.com. – T. 6. –# 6. – 2020. https://doi.org/10.33619/2414-2948/55 Tip licenzii CC: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) 267 prakticheskoj konferencii molodyh uchenyh (s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem). – Ivanovo, 2018. – S.228-236.
8. Solov'ev A. I. Prinjatie gosudarstvennyh reshenij: Uchebnoe posobie. – M.: KNORUS, 2006. – 213 s.
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Shumal V. I.
Is it a democracy? On the status of municipal election commissions
Free, fair elections are one of the most important institutions of modern democracy. For the mechanism of their implementation, appropriate electoral bodies are needed. The question of the position of the election commissions of municipalities in the system of election commissions, which has been raised more than once in science, has not yet been resolved. The purpose of this article is to analyze, on the basis of federal legislation, the problems of the legal status of such commissions, their formation and functioning.
The author believes that election commissions of municipalities should be created without fail, and the imposition of their powers on territorial commissions violates the constitutional guarantees of local self-government in Russia. This inevitably leads to a failure in the very mechanism of organizing and holding municipal elections and, as a result, to a violation of democracy.
Keywords: local government, elections, election commissions, municipal commissions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020).– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob osnovnyh garantijah izbiratel'nyh prav i prava na uchastie v referendume grazhdan Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 12.06.2002 # 67-FZ. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_37119/.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 06.10.2003 # 131-FZ (red. ot 26.05.2021) «Ob obshhih principah organizacii mestnogo samoupravlenija v Rossijskoj Federacii» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 07.06.2021).– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_44571/.
4. Svedenija Federal'noj sluzhby gosudarstvennoj statistiki. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rosstat.gov.ru/munstat.
5. Svedenija territorial'nogo organa Federal'noj sluzhby gosudarstvennoj statistiki po Primorskomu kraju. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://primstat.gks.ru/list_of_municipalities.
6. Svedenija oficial'nogo sajta izbiratel'noj komissii Primorskogo kraja. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.primorsk.izbirkom.ru/special/izbiratelnye-komissii-primorskogo-kraya/index.php.
7. Svedenija oficial'nogo sajta izbiratel'noj komissii Habarovskogo kraja. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.khabarovsk.izbirkom.ru/
8. Verzilina I. G. Sovmeshhenie polnomochij izbiratel'nymi komissijami raznogo urovnja: kak izbezhat' dublirovanija? // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2016. – # 9. – S. 25-34.
9. Tkach A. S. K voprosu o formirovanii i dejatel'nosti municipal'noj izbiratel'noj komissii //Vestnik KGU. – 2019. – # 2. – S. 256-259.
 
CIVIL LAW
Ananjeva E. O., Ivliev P. V.
Advantages and disadvantages of the transition of the Russian education system to the online environment
Тhis article examines the objective prerequisites for the transition of Russian education to a digital environment. All sorts of negative consequences of the transfer of national education to information and communication lines of development are touched upon. The article considers the risks of introducing new educational technologies into the economy, as well as changes in the educational system.
Solutions to the problems of distance education are analyzed and proposed. Possibilities and potential possibilities of using digital technologies in the Russian segment of education are considered.
Keywords: information and communication technologies, distance learning, online education, digital technologies, information space, e learning, software, internet, objects of civil rights, civil legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 09.05.2017g. # 203 «O Strategii razvitija informacionnogo obshhestva v Rossijskoj Federacii na 2017-2030 gody».
2. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 15 aprelja 2014 g. # 313 «Ob utverzhdenii gosudarstvennoj programmy Rossijskoj Federacii «Informacionnoe obshhestvo»».
3. Strekalova N. B. Riski vnedrenija cifrovyh tehnologij v obrazovanie // Vestnik Samarskogo universiteta, istorija, pedagogika, filosofija. – 2019.– # 2. – T. 25. – S. 84-88.
 
CIVIL LAW
Gulyaeva T. B.
Problems for determining reasonable compensation for moral damage
In the presented article, the author analyzes the legal norms on compensation for moral damage. The materials of judicial practice on the issue of compensation for moral damage are considered in detail, much attention is paid to the problems of determining the amount of compensation. In addition, the author analyzes and highlights the features of the concept of presumption of moral harm. In the conclusion of the study, a number of categorical conclusions were made about the unreasonableness of court decisions regarding the amount of compensation for moral damage.
Keywords: human rights, victim, reasonable compensation for moral damage, presumption, non-property benefits.
Work bibliographic list
1. Krasnodarskij kraevoj sud RF. Spravka po rezul'tatam obobshhenija sudebnoj praktiki rassmotrenija sudami Krasnodarskogo kraja grazhdanskih del o vzyskanii kompensacii moral'nogo vreda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://kraevoi.krd.sudrf.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 27.07.2018).
2. Obobshhenie sudebnoj praktiki po delam, svjazannym s kompensaciej moral'nogo vreda, rassmotrennym sudami Rjazanskoj oblasti v 2007–2008 godah. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/36022051/(data obrashhenija: 01.07.2021).
3. Opredelenie Verhovnogo suda RF ot 14 avgusta 2018g.po delu # 78-KG18-38. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 09.01.2021).
4. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 29.11.2011 # 17 (red. ot 02.04.2013) «O praktike primenenija sudami norm glavy 18 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii, reglamentirujushhih reabilitaciju v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija:09.01.2021).
5. Reshenie Volgodonskogo rajonnogo suda Rostovskoj oblast' ot 8 fevralja 2018 g. po delu # 2–4516/2017. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://sudact.ru (data obrashhenija: 17.06.2021).
6. Reshenie Leninskogo rajonnogo suda g. N. Novgoroda ot 23.06.2017g. po delu 2–1634/2017. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://leninsky--nnov.sudrf.ru (data obrashhenija: 15.11.2018).
7. Spravka po voprosam izuchenija praktiki razreshenija grazhdanskih iskov o kompensacii moral'nogo vreda po ugolovnym delam, rassmotrennym v 2016 godu i 1 polugodii 2017 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://files.sudrf.ru/1644/user/obzor_sudebnoi_practiki/spravka_po_moralnomu_vredu_po_ugol._delam (data obrashhenija: 07.07.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Gurkina D. A.
Inheritance fund as a special format of a legal entity
The inheritance Fund is one of the tools that significantly expand the possibilities in the field of inheritance protection and management.
The article highlights the key specifics of the civil and legal status of the inheritance fund and its activities as a legal entity, which is a significant difference from the activities that are carried out by traditional funds.
The main features are determined by the right to manage the inheritance of a particular person, as the sole founder of the fund, after death, taking into account all the problems in terms of defining the procedure for forming the fund, creating bodies for the management process and the property base.
Keywords: legal entity, inheritance fund, reform of inheritance legislation, will.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja)» ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ (red. ot 08.12.2020) GKRF Stat'ja 123.20-1. Sozdanie nasledstvennogo fonda, uslovija upravlenija im i ego likvidacija (vvedena Federal'nym zakonom ot 29.07.2017 # 259-FZ
(red. 23.05.2018)).
2. Ajusheeva I. Z. Osobennosti grazhdansko-pravovogo polozhenija nasledstvennogo fonda // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2018. – # 8 (93). –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/osobennosti-grazhdanskopravovogo-polozheniya-nasledstvennogo-fonda (data obrashhenija: 06.03.2021).
3. Grazhdanskoe pravo. – 2020. – # 1. – 48 s.
4. Zarina Sh. D. Nasledstvennyj fond. O nekotoryh osobennostjah pravovogo statusa // Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba i kadry. – 2020. – # 1. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/nasledstvennyy-fond-o-nekotoryhosobennostyah-
pravovogo-statusa (data obrashhenija:06.03.2021).
5. Krasheninnikov P. V. Nasledstvennoe pravo. – 3-e izd. – M.: Statut, 2018. – 286 s.
6. Nasledstvennyj fond – novaja organizacionno-pravovaja forma juridicheskogo lica: uchebnoe posobie/ Federal'noe gosudarstvennoe bjudzhetnoe obrazovatel'noe uchrezhdenie vysshego obrazovanija «Vserossijskij gosudarstvennyj universitet justicii (RPA Minjusta Rossii)», Izhevskij institut (filial); sostaviteli: Vasil'ko A. V., Degtereva G. V. –Izhevsk: Izhevskij institut (filial) VGUJu (RPA Minjusta Rossii), 2019.
7. Petrov E. Ju., Renc I. G. Razvitie rossijskogo nasledstvennogo prava // Zakon. – 2017. – # 6. – S. 44-50.
8. Juridicheskij konsalting. Pravovye voprosy. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://nikakonsalting.rf/semya/nasledstvennoe-pravo-2018.html.
 
CIVIL LAW
Guseva I. I., Zubkov V. N.
Compensation for moral damage from the Russian Pravda to the present day: are there any prospects?
The article considers the issues of the origin of the monetary equivalent of compensation for moral damage. Attention is drawn to the clearly defined amounts of compensation, their joint payments by members of the community, which existed in Russian Pravda. The authors analyzed
some problems that exist in the development of an effective methodology for determining the amount of moral damage and its compensation by the defendant. The issue of the possibility of creating a social reserve fund capable of helping the victim in difficult life situations to use money at the expense of subsequent compensation for moral damage by the culprit-defendant is being discussed.
Keywords: vira, Russian Truth, scale of compensation for moral damage, social fund for compensation of moral damage.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vedrov S.V. O denezhnyh penjah po Russkoj Pravde sravnitel'no s zakonami salicheskih frankov. – M.,1877.
2. Gakl'perin S.D. Ocherki pervobytnogo prava. –SPb., 1893.
3. Guseva I.I., Zubkov V.N. O nekotoryh protivorechijah pri opredelenii razmera kompensacii moral'nogo vreda // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2021. – # 2. – S. 295-297.
4. Presnjakov A. E. Knjazhoe pravo v drevnej Rusi: ocherki po istorii X-XII stoletij. – SPb., 1909. – S. 255-261. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://elib.shpl.ru/nodes/16407.
5. Stefanovich P.S. Letopisnoe izvestie 6504 (996) g. O «kaznjah» i «virah»: popytka interpretacii //Istoricheskij vestnik. – 2016. – # 164. T. 17. – S. 49.
6. Hachaturov R.L. O virah po Russkoj pravde // Vektor nauki Tol'jattinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2009. – # S2. – S. 159.
7. Shershenevich G.F. Obshhaja teorija prava. Vyp. 3. – M.,1912.
8. Shhepkin E.N. Varjazhskaja vira. – Odessa: «Slav.» tip. E. Hrisogelos, 1915. – 153 s.
9. Jushkov S. V. Obshhestvenno-politicheskij stroj i pravo Kievskogo gosudarstva. – M.: Gosjuridizdat, 1949.
 
CIVIL LAW
Zvereva V. S., Levashova A. V., Shestova V. E.
Fundamentals of regulation of artificial intelligence in Russia and prospects for its development
The relevance of legal regulation in Russia is since AI was called an end-to-end technology that needs to be developed as part of the implementation of the state program “Digital Economy of the Russian Federation”. This program for the development of AI in Russia provides for the phased formation of a legal framework that will be able to ensure not only the formation, but also the functioning of the system for regulating relations in the public sphere, which will arise with the development of AI technologies.
Keywords: artificial intelligence, development strategy, national strategy, national regulation, artificial intelligence technologies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kashkin S. Ju. Iskusstvennyj intellekt i robototehnika: vozmozhnost' vtorzhenija v prava cheloveka i pravovoe regulirovanie jetih processov v ES i mire / S. Ju. Kashkin // Lex Russica. - 2019. - # 7 (152). - S. 151–158.
2. Minbaleev A. V. Razvitie rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva ob ispol'zovanii bespilotnogo transportnogo sredstva v uslovijah cifrovoj jekonomiki/ A. V. Minbaleev // Informacionno-pravovoe obespechenie transportnoj dejatel'nosti i transportnoj bezopasnosti. - 2019. - # 29. - S. 87–92.
3. Morhat M. P. Koncept individual'nogo sub"ekta prava primenitel'no k jelektronnomu licu (pravosub"ektnost' junita iskusstvennogo intellekta, korreliruemaja (sootnosimaja, sopostavimaja) s pravosub"ektnost'ju cheloveka) / M. P. Morhat // Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. - 2018. - # 8 (164). - S. 74–77.
4. Filippova I. A. Pravovoe regulirovanie iskusstvennogo intellekta: regulirovanie v Rossii, inostrannye issledovanija i praktika / I. A. Filippova // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 2018. - # 9. - C. 79–88.
5. Holodnaja E. V. O perspektivnyh napravlenijah pravovogo regulirovanija v sfere tehnologii iskusstvennogo intellekta / E. V. Holodnaja // Vestnik Universiteta imeni O. E. Kutafina. - 2019. - # 12.- S. 89–95.
 
CIVIL LAW
Dadova Z. I., Burayeva L. A.
Gender-based approach to the study of crime
This article allows you to form an idea of the gender approach and the need to take it into account in the study of crime, to assess the inclusion of gender manifestations in its prevention.
The authors claim that taking into account the differences associated with social roles, social and psychological status, will allow not only to identify the characteristics of criminals, their specific features, the reasons that have become a catalyst for criminal behavior, but also, on the basis of the knowledge gained, to develop a decent system of measures oriented if not to eradicate, but to minimize a certain type of crime.
The article may be of interest to researchers, representatives of the law enforcement system and all those who are interested in gender theory, criminology and other sciences of the criminal legal cycle.
Keywords: gender, women, men, minors, crime, gender, stereotypes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vvedenie v gendernye issledovanija: ucheb. posobie dlja studentov vuzov / pod obshh. red. I. V. Kostikovoj. – M., 2005. – 235 s.
2. Gendernaja kriminologija: ponjatie, struktura, soderzhanie / T. P. Afonchenko [i dr.] /pod red.:
A. Je. Nabatovoj, T. P. Afonchenko. – Minsk: Jekoperspektiva, 2020. – 144 s.
3. Djadjun K. V. Gendernyj podhod v ugolovnom prave: istorija i sovremennost' // Ugolovno-pravovye mery bor'by s prestupnost'ju. – 2011. – # 1 (15).– S. 29-30.
4. Nagornov K. I. Prestupnost' nesovershennoletnih: gendernyj podhod k izucheniju i analizu / K. I. Nagornov, M. V. Talan // Feder. gos. avt. obrazovat. uchrezhdenie vyssh. obrazovanija «Volgogr. gos.un-t». – Volgograd: Izd-vo VolGU, 2021. – 224 s.
5. Stacenko V. G. Prestupnost' kak social'nyj indikator // Pravo. Jekonomika. Psihologija. –2019. – # 3. – S. 13-18.
 
CIVIL LAW
Miftakhov A. M.
The advantages of implementing the rule of Islamic law on drinking alcohol for society
The article is devoted to the consideration of issues related to the benefits of implementing the Islamic law on drinking alcoholic beverages for society. The author examines the restrictions related to food consumption in the historical context in Islam (the circumstances that influenced the emergence of the law on the prohibition of drinking alcoholic beverages in Islam), as well as the current state of legal regulation on this issue. Special attention is paid to the possibility of borrowing experience from Muslim law related to drinking alcoholic beverages into Russian law. The benefits that can be derived from the application of such provisions from the law of Islam in Russian society are also determined.
Keywords: alcoholic beverages, Muslim law, the Koran, Russia.
Work bibliographic list
1. Koran. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://librebook.me/quran/vol1/1 (data obrashhenija:18.07.2021).
2. Sabirov I. V., Veselov Ju. V. Konceptual'nye osnovanija Korana o pishhevyh ogranichenijah v social'noj praktike pitanija «haljal'» // Vestnik Evrazijskogo nacional'nogo universiteta imeni L. N. Gumileva. Serija: Istoricheskie nauki. Filosofija. Religiovedenie. - 2019. - # 4 (129). - S. 104-112.
3. Fedosov I. V. Musul'manskoe pravo i vlijanie islama na svetskoe pravo v istoricheskoj retrospekcii i sovremennosti // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta im. V. N. Tatishheva. - 2021. - T. 1. - # 2 (98). - S. 58-75.
4. Hapchaev S. T. K voprosu ob jevoljucii musul'manskoj pravovoj mysli (fikha) // V sbornike: Aktual'nye problemy sovremennoj nauki: sostojanie, tendencii razvitija. Sbornik materialov III Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. -2019. - S. 306-311.
 
CIVIL LAW
Ryzhenkov A. R.
Peculiarities of understanding legal facts in the countries of the “common law” tradition
The article is devoted to the understanding of legal facts in the countries of “common law”. It is noted that lawyers of the Anglo-Saxon legal system, on the one hand, understand by facts approximately the same set of phenomena that are considered legal facts within the Russian tradition: events, actions and omissions of legal entities, including transactions, as well as in some cases mental states. On the other hand, the nature of legal facts is never interpreted by them in the way that is customary in Russian legal science: representatives of the “common law” will not in any context define legal facts as circumstances that act in accordance with the law as grounds for the emergence, change or termination of legal relations. Ideas about legal facts are essentially absorbed by the idea of facts in the procedural sense (which in the Russian doctrine corresponds to the concept of “factual circumstances of the case”). If in Russian civil law legal facts are associated primarily with their legal consequences, then in the tradition of “common law” this point does not attract attention.
Keywords: fact, legal fact, common law, fact-finding, matters of fact, matters of law, procedure.
Work bibliographic list
1. Budylin S.L. Vopros prava ili vopros fakta? Dokazyvanie i kassacija // Vestnik FAS Ural'skogo okruga. 2014. # 2. S. 79-124.
2. Didikin A. B. O vzaimosvjazi faktov i normativnosti v jepistemologii prava // Mir cheloveka: normativnoe izmerenie – 7.0. Problema obosnovanija norm v razlichnyh perspektivah: ot realizma do konstruktivizma i transcendentalizma : sbornik trudov mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii /Otv. red. I. D. Nevvazhaj. Saratov: Izd-vo Sarat. gos. jurid. akad., 2021. S.515-523.
3. Zelenin N.Ju. Vozniknovenie i istoricheskoe razvitie koncepta razgranichenija voprosov fakta i prava v jurisprudencii // Istoriko-pravovye problemy: Novyj rakurs. 2020. # 1. S.134-142.
4. Pokrovskij I.A. Pravo i fakt v rimskom prave. Ch.1. Pravo i fakt, kak material'noe osnovanie iskov (Actiones in jus i in factum conceptae). Kiev: Tip. Imperatorskogo universiteta Sv. Vladimira, 1898. 145 s.
5. Rodionova O.M. Teorija juridicheskih faktov v grazhdanskom prave // Juridicheskie fakty i ih vlijanie na otraslevye instituty prava: problemy i napravlenija razvitija/Pod obshh. red. V. N. Sinjukova, M. A. Egorovoj. M.: Prospekt, 2021. S.88-111.
6. Bohlen F.H. Mixed Questions of Law and Fact // University of Pennsylvania Law Review and American Law Register. 1924. Vol. 72. # 2. Pp.111-122.
7. Brown R. The Possibility of “Inference Causation”: Inferring Cause-in-Fact and the Nature of Legal Fact-Finding // McGill Law Journal. 2010. Vol. 55. # 1. P.3-45.
8. Isaacs N. The Law and the Facts // Columbia Law Review. 1922. Vol. 22. # 1. P. 1-13.
9. Loevinger L. Facts, Evidence and Legal Proof // Case Western Reserve Law Review. 1958. Vol. 9. P. 154-175.
10. Sanders M. The Fact/Opinion Distinction: An Analysis of the Subjectivity of Language and Law // Marquette Law Review. 1987. Vol. 70. P. 673-691.
11. Sullivan S.P. A Likelihood Story: the Theory of Legal Fact-Finding // University of Colorado Law Review. 2019. Vol. 90. P. 1-66.
12. Walker V.R. A Default-Logic Paradigm for Legal Fact- Finding // Jurimetrics. 2007. Vol. 47. # 2. P. 193-243.
13. Wilson W.A. A Note on Fact and Law // The Modern Law Review. 1963. Vol. 26. # 6. P. 609-624.
 
CIVIL LAW
Fadeeva A. V., Sheremetjeva A. K.
Functional need for the existence of the institute of joint will of the spouses
The article is devoted to the new institution of civil law in Russia - the joint will of the spouses.
The relevance of this topic is due to the fact that the institution of joint will of spouses is extremely necessary for the Russian state for further development, since the existing practice indicates the importance of developing these issues in the aspect of regulating the property of spouses as objects of joint ownership. The problematic aspects of the implementation of the joint will of the spouses within the framework of modern civil law of Russia are revealed, the conclusion is made about the need for further reforming of the analyzed legislative provisions.
Keywords: spouses, rights, obligations, property, jointly acquired, will, inheritance, inheritance.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja, vtoraja, tret'ja i chetvertaja): po sostojaniju na 01 marta 2021 g. – M.: Prospekt, 2021. – 752 s.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v stat'ju 256 chasti pervoj i chast' tret'ju Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 19.07.2018 # 217-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
3. Blinkov O. E. O sovmestnom zaveshhanii suprugov v rossijskom nasledstvennom prave: byt' ili ne byt'? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://pravo163.ru/o-sovmestnom-zaveshhanii-suprugov-vrossijskom-nasledstvennom-prave-byt-ili-ne-byt/.
4. Lorenc D. V. Dogovor ob otchuzhdenii imushhestva na sluchaj smerti // Notarial'nyj vestnik". 2015. # 5. S. 40-53.
5. Smirnov S. A. Raznovidnosti sdelok v nasledstvennom prave Rossii: k postanovke voprosa // Notarius. 2014. # 4. S. 26-28.
 
CIVIL LAW
Ivliev P. V., Kondrashov S. V.
The activities of journalists in the context of the imposed restrictions associated with the coronavirus pandemic regime
The article discusses issues related restriction of the right of journalists in connection with the imposed quarantine restriction in the Russian Federation. An overview and a brief analysis of federal and regional regulatory legal acts from the point of view of compliance with federal laws and the Constitution of the Russian Federation, enshrining the right to freedom of information, is given.
Problems are identified and solutions are proposed.
Keywords: quarantine, restrictive measures, the right to information, the rights of a journalist, mass media, mass media, state authorities, local self-government bodies, civil liability, information technology.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kajl' A.N. Kommentarij k Zakonu RF ot 27 dekabrja 1991 g. # 2124-I «O sredstvah massovoj informacii». - Special'no dlja sistemy GARANT, 2011 g.
2. Timoshenko V.A., Smushkin A.B. Kommentarij k Zakonu RF ot 27 dekabrja 1991 g. # 2124-1 «O sredstvah massovoj informacii». - Special'no dlja sistemy GARANT, 2015 g.
 
CIVIL LAW
Usupova Z. F.
Legal regulation of the inheritance fund in the Russian Federation: problems and prospects
The article is devoted to the analysis of the legal features of the creation and functioning of the inheritance fund as a new institution for Russian civil law. The author identifies his intended purpose, notes his special legal situation in the system of legal entities. It was established that the hereditary fund is one of the tools that expand the opportunities for inheritance protection and management. Also, the advantages and disadvantages of the hereditary fund in the Russian Federation are determined. It was concluded that this institute is of interest, first of all, to large entrepreneurs, but its further improvement is necessary.
Keywords: inheritance, successors, legal regulation, hereditary fund, inheritance, legal entity, charter, will, decision of the testator, terms of management of the hereditary fund.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (Chast' tret'ja) ot 26 nojabrja 2001 goda # 146-FZ (red. ot 18 marta 2019 g.) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 3 dekabrja 2001 g. # 49 st. 4552.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 29 ijulja 2017 g. # 259-FZ «O «vnesenii izmenenij v chasti pervuju, vtoruju i tret'ju Grazhdanskogo kodeksa RF» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2017. # 31 (Chast' I), st. 4808.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 01 ijulja 2021 g. # 287-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v chasti pervuju i tret'ju Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // Rossijskaja gazeta 6 ijulja 2021 g. # 146(8497).
4. Ajusheeva I.Z. Osobennosti grazhdansko-pravovogo polozhenija nasledstvennogo fonda // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2018. # 8 (93). S. 100-108.
5. Kalacheva T.L. Nasledstvennyj fond v Grazhdanskom kodekse Rossijskoj Federacii // Zakonnost' i pravoporjadok: pravosoznanie i pravovaja kul'tura sovremennogo obshhestva sbornik materialov IV Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2018. S. 25-29.
6. Kirillova E.A. Grazhdansko-pravovye aspekty optimizacii transgranichnogo nasledovanija biznesa //Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. 2017.#6. S. 32-37.
7. Lebec E.V. Nasledstvennyj fond dlja rossijskih predprinimatelej // Sinergija nauk. 2018. # 25. S. 550-560.
8. Morozova E.S., Chernus' N.Ju. Nasledstvennyj fond v sisteme juridicheskih lic // Sbornik nauchnyh trudov po materialam Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii g. Belgorod, 30 aprelja 2019 g. S. 49-54.
9. Nikitina Ju. Ju. Osobennosti nasledovanija po zaveshhaniju v zarubezhnyh stranah // Nauchnye trudy Severo-Zapadnogo instituta upravlenija. Tom 4. # 3. 2013.S. 155-160.
10. Tarasov Ju.A. Nasledstvennyj fond - novaja kategorija v grazhdanskom zakonodatel'stve // Izvestija jugo-zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2017. # 6 (75). S. 195-200.
11. Fatihova L.M. Nasledstvennyj fond kak novyj sposob upravlenija imushhestvom // Nauka i obrazovanie tret'ego tysjacheletija: sb. nauchn. trudov po mater. Mezhdunar. nauchn.-prakt. konf. V 2-h ch. Ljubercy: OOO «AR-Konsalt» 2018. S. 79-81.
 
CIVIL LAW
Semyonova Ya. O.
A reasonable period as an evaluative concept in civil law
The relevance of the topic under study is due to the widespread use of evaluative concepts in civil law. In civil law, categories such as a significant harm, bona fide acquirer, significant defect, defamatory information etc. are used. Every time in practice, questions arise related to evaluative concepts, since the legislator does not give precise definitions of such concepts.
The concept of a “reasonable time” in civil law allows one to move away from strict restrictions on civil legal relations and gives dynamism to civil circulation. The category of rationality is often referred to in civil law together with the category of good faith which denotes the subjective attitude of the participant in the legal relationship to his actions. The degree of reasonableness is determined by outside parties, in particular, by the court, which acts by its own conviction. The purpose of the study of the category “reasonable time” is to form the optimal definition of this evaluative concept.
Keywords: reasonable time, good faith, value concept, civil law, framework regulation, legal custom, fulfillment of an obligation, civil legal relationship.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30 nojabrja 1994 goda # 51-FZ (v red. Federal'nogo zakona RF ot 11.06.2021 g. # 211-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 05.12.1994. – # 32.– St. 3301.
2. Zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 7 fevralja 1992 goda # 2300-1 «O zashhite prav potrebitelej» (v red. Federal'nogo zakona RF ot 11.06.2021 g. # 170-FZ) //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 15.01.1996. – # 3.– St. 140.
3. Federal'nyj zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 8 fevralja 1998 goda # 14-FZ «Ob obshhestvah s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju» (v red. Federal'nogo zakona RF ot 24.02.2021 g. # 17-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 16.02.1998. – # 7. – St. 785.
4. Federal'nyj zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 aprelja 2010 goda # 68-FZ «O kompensacii za narushenie prava na sudoproizvodstvo v razumnyj srok ili prava na ispolnenie sudebnogo akta v razumnyj srok» (v red. Federal'nogo zakona RF ot 19.12.2016 g. # 450-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 03.05.2010. – # 18. – St. 2144.
5. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 26 dekabrja 2005 goda # 14-P «Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti otdel'nyh polozhenij stat'i 260 Grazhdanskogo processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s zhaloboj grazhdanina E. G. Odijankova». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru(data obrashhenija: 29.06.2021).
6. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 3 dekabrja 2006 goda # 443-O «Po zhalobe grazhdanski Aksenovoj Jemmy Vasil'evny na narushenie ejo konstitucionnyh prav polozheniem chasti pervoj stat'i 441 Grazhdanskogo processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 29.06.2021).
7. Barkova E. N., Muhamedzhanova F. G. K voprosu ob ispolnenii dogovora kontraktacii. – M.: Izdatel'stvo OOO «Internauka» // Internauka. – 2019. – #19-3 (101). – S. 73-74.
8. Kosareva E. V. Razumnyj srok sudebnogo razbiratel'stva v kontekste koncepcii edinogo Grazhdanskogo processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii. – Voronezh: Izdatel'stvo Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta // Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Pravo.– 2017. – #1 (28). – S. 39-46.
9. Levina D. N. Teoreticheskie problemy tolkovanija i primenenija ocenochnyh ponjatij: Avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk. Special'nost': 12.00.01.– Teorija i istorija prava i gosudarstva; istorija uchenij o prave i gosudarstve. – N. Novgorod: Izdatel'stvo Nizhegorodskoj akademii Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii, 2007. – 36 s.
10. Lolaeva A. S. Kategorija «razumnyj srok» v grazhdanskom prave // Perspektivy razvitija APK v sovremennyh uslovijah: Materialy 8-j Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – Vladikavkaz: Izdatel'stvo Gorskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta, 2019. – S. 340-342.
11. Mohov I. A. Ocenochnye ponjatija v ramkah rossijskogo grazhdanskogo prava // Sovremennaja nauka i molodye uchenye: Sbornik statej II Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – Penza:Izdatel'stvo «Nauka i Prosveshhenie», 2020. – S.101-103.
12. Friev A. L. Ispolnenie grazhdansko-pravovyh objazatel'stv mezhdu predprinimateljami: Avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk. Special'nost': 12.00.03.– Grazhdanskoe pravo; predprinimatel'skoe pravo;semejnoe pravo; mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo. –Saratov: Izdatel'stvo Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj akademii, 1999. – 26 s.
 
CIVIL PROCESS
Solyanichenko O. S.
Issues of standardization and quality of defense in civil proceedings by a lawyer
The article presents the results and conclusions of a study of topical issues of quality assurance and standardization of the activities of a lawyer defending the interests of a client in a civil process, based on the expert opinions of representatives of the legal community.
The analysis of the opinions of representatives of the lawyer community on the subjects of assessment and criteria for the quality of the provision of lawyer services in civil proceedings. Shown is the attitude of the legal professional community and the degree of its readiness to accept the standard of defense lawyers in civil proceedings.
Keywords: civil procedure, arbitration procedure, advocacy, quality of defense in civil procedure, standard of defense in civil procedure, interview of lawyers.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob advokatskoj dejatel'nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii» (# 63-FZ ot 31 maja 2002 goda) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2002. – # 23. – St. 2102.
2. Arbitrazhnyj processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2002. – # 30. – St. 3012.
3. Grazhdanskij processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2002. – # 46. – St. 4531, 4532.
4. Kazun A. i dr. Advokatskoe soobshhestvo Rossii //Doklad IAPR NIU VShJe i IPP EU SPb. – M., 2015.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.hse.ru/data/2015/04/08/1095143428/%D0%90%D0%B4%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B5%20%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%BE%D0%B1%D1%89%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%-D0%B2%D0%BE%20%D0%A0%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%B8.pdf.
5. Kodeks professional'noj jetiki advokata. Prinjat I Vserossijskim s"ezdom advokatov 31 janvarja 2003g. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fparf.ru/documents/fpa-rf/documents-of-the-congress/the-code-of-professional-ethics-of-lawyer/.
6. Laboratorija sociologa: iz opyta polevyh issledovanij: Uchebnoe posobie / pod red. V. A. Jadova. – M.:Taus. 2008. – 80 s.
7. Standart osushhestvlenija advokatom zashhity v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. Prinjat 20 aprelja 2017g. VIII Vserossijskim s"ezdom advokatov. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fparf.ru/documents/fpa-rf/documents-of-the-congress/standard-implementation-of-a-defence-counsel-incriminal-proceedings/
8. Jadov V. A. Strategija sociologicheskogo issledovanija. Opisanie, ob"jasnenie, ponimanie social'noj real'nosti. – 3-e izd., ispr. – M.: Omega-L, 2007. –567 s.
9. Solyanichenko O.S. Quality Criteria Of The Activities Of A Lawyer In Civil Proceedings – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.europeanproceedings.com/article/10.15405/epsbs.2020.10.05.449.
 
INFORMATION LAW
Zorina N. S.
About the factors and prevention of computer addiction in adolescents
Adolescence is considered the most difficult period in a person’s life, in which character and behavioral patterns are formed, the worldview on the surrounding world changes, the assertion of one’s “Self” opens. In the process of growing up, a teenager tries to establish himself in the virtual world. Immersed in computer games, the teenager does not notice how he himself is moving away from real life. This article discusses the factors that contribute to the development of gambling addiction. In adolescents, aspects of computer addiction that have a serious psychological impact on the personality of adolescents are revealed. There are also ways and conditions of preventive activity that prevent computer addiction.
Keywords: computer addiction, virtual world, teenager, gamers, game, prevention of computer addiction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vasil'eva E. V. Komp'juternaja zavisimost' podrostka kak social'no – pedagogicheskaja problema// Psihologo-pedagogicheskij zhurnal GAUDEA-MUS. – 2016. – T. 15 (# 2). – S. 32-38.
2. Volkova E. N., Grishina A. V. Ocenka rasprostranennosti igrovoj komp'juternoj zavisimosti u mladshih podrostkov // Vestnik Mininskogo universiteta. – 2014. – # 3. – S. 24-30.
3. Neustroeva O. V. Psihologicheskaja harakteristika podrostkovogo vozrasta v koncepcijah D. B. Jel'konina i D. I. Fel'dshtejna // Psihologija –2015. – # 6 (7). – S. 35-36.
4. Okuneva L. I. Faktory, obuslavlivajushhie formirovanie kiberaddikcii u podrostkov // Pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie v Rossii. – 2016. – # 2.– S. 157-162.

FINANCIAL LAW
Asadov B. M.
Control and supervisory activities of the FAS of Russia on countering anti-competitive agreements
The article examines the role of the Russian Antimonopoly authority in the fight against anti-competitive agreements in the construction market, it presents current statistical data, as well as suggests methods of fighting anti-competitive agreements.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30.11.1994. # 51-FZ (red. ot 16.12.2019).
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 26.07.2006 # 135-FZ «O zashhite konkurencii».
3. Kinev A.Ju. Antimonopol'nyj «zaslon» sgovoram na torgah // Jurist. 2011. # 1.
4. Bruno Shenlank". Promyslovye sindikaty (karteli, trasty i proch.), 1895 g.
5. Doklad o sostojanii konkurencii v Rossijskoj Federacii za 2018 god. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fas.gov.ru/documents/685806.
6. Bor'ba s karteljami i inymi antikonkurentnymi soglashenijami. Itogi 2019 goda, Moskva, 2020.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fas.gov.ru/system/presentations/attachments/2020/02/4/original/%D0%9F%D0%A0%D0%95%D0%97%D0%95%D0%9D%D0%A2%D0%90%D0%A6%D0%98%D0%AF_%D0%9A%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B8_%D0%98%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%B3%D-0%B8_2019_%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B0.pdf.
7. Lenin V.I. Soch. T. XIX. Izd. 3-e.
8. Chislo novyh kompanij v Rossii sokratilos' vpervye s 2014 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.rbc.ru/economics/20/07/2016/5784a50b9a794760487cda6b.
 
TAX LAW
Dreval L. N., Polyakova S. A.
To the question of unreasonable tax benefit
The article is devoted to the study of the problem of obtaining tax benefits, which can be both
justified (legal) and unreasonable (in violation of the law).
In practice, unreasonability was most often attributed to bad faith on the part of tax payers, which allowed them to leave more income in their property, which they should not expect, since in this case it was a question of unreasonable enrichment.
The authors attempted to draw a parallel between «unreasonable tax benefit» and «unfounded enrichment», which is an institution of civil law.
The article formulates proposals for improving the current legislation on taxes and fees of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: legal regulation, tax, taxation optimization, tax burden, tax benefit, offense, evasion of taxes, legal responsibility.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 12.10.1998 # 24-P «Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti punkta 3 stat'i 11 Zakona Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27.12.1991 goda «Ob osnovah nalogovoj sistemy v Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 06.07.2021).
2. Postanovlenie Plenuma Vysshego arbitrazhnogo suda RF ot 12.10.2006 # 53 «Ob ocenke arbitrazhnymi sudami obosnovannosti poluchenija nalogoplatel'shhikom nalogovoj vygody» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 06.07.2021).
3. Zor'kin V. D. Konstitucionnyj sud Rossii: doktrina i praktika: monografija. - M.: NORMA:INFRA-M, 2018.
 
TAX LAW
Kupriyanov A. S.
Analysis of current judicial practice in terms of tax control of transfer pricing
The article is devoted to the analysis of the current domestic judicial practice, which touches upon the issues of tax control of transfer pricing. Generalization of the empirical material allowed the author to formulate the main tendencies of the corresponding segment of judicial practice, to identify some law enforcement problems, to offer author’s recommendations in order to improve the issues of protecting the rights of taxpayers in connection with their controlled transactions.
Keywords: transfer pricing, arbitrage practice, interdependent persons, tax control, taxpayer, transnational corporation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo suda g. Moskvy po Delu # A40-123426/16-140-1066. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://kad.arbitr.ru/Document/Pdf/1fb6c678-664e-4e23-96ad-3fab7e9f5c50/A40-123426-2016_20170127_Reshenija%20i%20postanovlenija.pdf?isAddStamp=True (data obrashhenija: 09.08.2021).
2. Reshenie Arbitrazhnogo suda g. Moskvy po Delu # A40-36350/21-140-1024. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://kad.arbitr.ru/Document/P d f / 6 3 6 6 a b 4 0 - a 1 0 2 - 4 9 4 8 - b 1 1 3 - 9 1 3 1 4 4 1 7 8 5 b e /b c 3 f 7 a e b - d 2 7 0 - 4 6 d d - b e 6 0 - 0 8 3 2 b 2 5 5 a f a 5 / A 4 0 -36350-2021_20210531_Reshenija_i_postanovlenija.pdf?isAddStamp=True (data obrashhenija: 09.08.2021).
3. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 02.04.2020 # 409 (red. ot 07.11.2020) «O merah po obespecheniju ustojchivogo razvitija jekonomiki». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_349463/ (data obrashhenija: 09.08.2021).
4. Postanovlenie Arbitrazhnogo suda Moskovskogo okruga ot 07.08.2019 N F05-21385/2017 po delu #A40-29025/2017. [Jelektronnyj resurs] // Dostup:SPS «KonsultantPljus Prof» (data obrashhenija:08.08.2021).
5. Pis'mo FNS Rossii ot 06.04.2021 # BV-4-7/4549@ <O napravlenii obzora pravovyh pozicij, otrazhennyh v sudebnyh aktah Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii i Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii, prinjatyh v pervom kvartale 2021 goda po voprosam nalogooblozhenija». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/law/hotdocs/68536.html/ (data obrashhenija: 11.08.2021).
6. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 25.11.2020 # 2823-O (po zhalobe AO «Kompanija TransTeleKom». [Jelektronnyj resurs]// Dostup: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus Prof» (data obrashhenija: 11.08.2021).
7. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po jekonomicheskim sporam Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15.01.2021 N 305 JeS20-16100 po delu #A40-123840/2019 (OOO «DLL Lizing» protiv IFNS Rossii N 10 po g. Moskve). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus Prof»(data obrashhenija: 11.08.2021).
8. Opredelenii Sudebnoj kollegii po jekonomicheskim sporam Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 25.01.2021 # 309 JeS20-17277 po delu #A76-2493/2017 (ZAO «Uralbrojler» protiv Mezhrajonnoj IFNS Rossii po krupnejshim nalogoplatel'shhikam Cheljabinskoj oblasti. [Jelektronnyj resurs] // Dostup: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus Prof» (data obrashhenija: 11.08.2021).
9. Zorina A.G. Transfertnoe cenoobrazovanie: s chego nachinaetsja sudebnaja praktika? // Science Time. 2017.# 3 (39). S. 219-222.
10. Mamikonjan N.V. Problemy nalogovogo regulirovanija transfertnogo cenoobrazovanija, vyjavlennye posredstvom analiza arbitrazhnoj praktiki //RISK: Resursy, Informacija, Snabzhenie, Konkurencija. 2017. # 2. S. 207-209.
11. Stadnik T.V. Praktika primenenija transfertnogo cenoobrazovanija: realii i perspektivy // Biznes, menedzhment i pravo. 2018. # 3. S. 55-59.
 
TAX LAW
Ponomarev O. V., Berezina T. E., Cheremisina M. V.
Tax Code gaps to the extent of tax audits regulation
The article analyses the problems of tax control to the extent of conducting of tax audits. Being
the main part of managing tax system, tax control advantages economic stability of any state. Tax audits are the aspects of tax control. The Russian Tax Code includes tax audits of two types: on-site tax audit and in-office tax audit. The authors closely describe each of types and underline separate gaps in legislative control of this sphere. In addition to it, authors offer the solutions to encountered problems of tax system in Russian Federation.
Keywords: legislative control, tax control, on-site tax audit, in-office tax audit, gaps in tax laws,
competence of tax authorities.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nikulina E. V. O problemah jeffektivnosti planirovanija vyezdnyh nalogovyh proverok // Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija. – 2017. – # 6. – S. 278-281.
2. Cvilij-buklanova A. A. Kameral'naja nalogovaja proverka: voprosy pravovogo regulirovanija // Nauka i sovremennost'. – 2013. – # 25-2. – S. 184-194.
 
TAX LAW
Sugak I. V.
Specific features of the attorney’s activities in case of tax disputes
The article reveals the main features of the activities of a lawyer in cases of tax disputes. The relevance of the study is confirmed by the consequences of the 2019 reform and unresolved issues at its end. The main types and stages of assistance provided by a tax attorney to a taxpayer in arisen tax disputes are discussed in detail. At the same time, special attention in the article was paid to the types of assistance provided by a tax attorney. In particular, assistance was considered in the event of claims by tax authorities, when there is a need to appeal against a decision of a tax authority in the framework of an arbitration court, as well as during an audit by law enforcement
agencies.
Keywords: lawyer, tax dispute, taxpayer, payment of taxes, tax lawyer, tax disputes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Advokat: navyki professional'nogo masterstva» /Pod red. L. A. Voskobitovoj, I. N. Luk'janovoj, L.P. Mihajlovoj. - M.: Volters Kluver, 2019.
2. Voronov A. A. Problemy professional'noj deformacii i informacionnoj bezopasnosti v advokatskoj dejatel'nosti // Sovremennoe pravo. - 2019. - # 4.
3. Ivanov, V. N. Pomoshh' advokata predprijatijam i  grazhdanam / pod red. Ivanova V. N. - M. 2016. - 370 s.
4. Pilipenko Ju. S. Nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij k Kodeksu professional'noj jetiki advokata /Ju. S. Pilipenko. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. - M.: Norma, 2018. - 576 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Abazov I. S., Voskoboev A. I.
Extremism and terrorism as products of globalization
The purpose of this study is to study the factors and motives behind the spread of the propagation of the ideology of terrorism and extremism on the Internet. Even in the recent past, extremism and terrorism were incidents striking in their extremeness and cruelty. The events of subsequent years led to the deformation of such important concepts as morality, politics, economics, law, an orderly social and state structure. Such important instruments for regulating the normal functioning of society as patriotism, a sense of duty, morality, and internationalism were lost. As a result, a climate has developed in society that is conducive to the growth of discord and conflicts on ideological, racial, ethnic and religious grounds, which have served as a justification for extremist and terrorist activities. Further, the information revolution took place, which strengthened computers, the worldwide network, social networks in all spheres of human life, including the unlawful influence of the subjects of the global media space on its objects and brought extremism and terrorism into the category of problems of a global scale, undermining the long-standing human values and requiring immediate solutions.
Keywords: globalization, extremism, terrorism, propaganda, counteraction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii jekstremistskoj dejatel'nosti» ot 25.07.2002 # 114-FZ [Jelektronnyj resurs] // Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_37867/(data obrashhenija: 05.05.2021 g.).
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii terrorizmu» ot 06.03.2006 # 35-FZ [Jelektronnyj resurs] // Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_58840/ (data obrashhenija:05.05.2021 g.).
3. Ashurbekova M.I., Cherkesova D.U. Jekstremizm v social'nyh setjah: formy projavlenija i puti protivodejstvija // V sbornike: Aktual'nye problemy sovremennoj nauki: vzgljad molodyh uchenyh. Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. 2018. S. 37-40.
4. Korkmazov A.V., Bozieva Ju.G. Dominirujushhie faktory, inspirirujushhie rasprostranenie ideologii terrorizma v molodezhnoj srede: problemy i puti lokalizacii // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. 2021. T. 14. # 3. S. 51-55.
5. Kutuzov A.V. Jekstremizm v seti internet kak ugroza razvitija sovremennogo rossijskogo gosudarstva // V sbornike: Gosudarstvovedenie v xxi v.: problemy i perspektivy razvitija. Jubilejnye nauchnye chtenija (k 75-letnemu jubileju professora V.Ja. Ljubashica): sbornik nauchnyh statej studentov, magistrantov, aspirantov, prepodavatelej. Rostov-na-Donu, 2020. S. 227-234.
6. Kuchmezov R.A. Sinergeticheskij jeffekt globalizacii i ego projavlenie v radikalizacii molodezhi// Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. 2021. T.14. # 3. S. 60-63.
7. Malahova S.I. Jekstremizm kak porozhdenie globalizacii // Social'no-gumanitarnye znanija. 2020. # 6. S. 223-233.
8. Molokov V.V. Rasprostranenie idej jekstremizma i terrorizma s ispol'zovaniem seti internet i tehnologii protivodejstvija jetomu javleniju // V sbornike: Sovremennye sistemy bezopasnosti - Antiterror. Materialy kongressnoj chasti HII specializirovannogo foruma. 2016. S. 44-49.
9. Tarchokov B.A. Mezhdunarodnyj terrorizm kak forma reakcii na zavyshennuju dinamiku globalizacii obshhestva // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. 2020. T. 13. # 5. S. 145-148.
10. Fakov A.M. Vozniknovenie jekstremizma kak reakcija na globalizaciju obshhestva // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. 2020. T. 16. # 5. S.262-265.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Aripshev A. M.
Fraud committed using official position
In the article, the author analyzed a number of actions of officials who use their position to achieve maximum economic effect for interested persons. Unfortunately, the latent nature of criminal acts does not allow at the present stage to successfully disclose the criminal nature and malicious intent of the participants in the crime provided for in Part 3 of Article 159 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. By means of the adopted judicial act of the arbitration court, the author made an attempt to draw an analogy of a civil legal dispute that ended in the suppression of illegal actions of the arbitration court, the correspondence of the actions of the arbitrator to the crime with the composition of Articles 159 and 285 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: fraud, abuse of official authority, part 3 of Article 159 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, Article 285 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 29.12.2015g. # 382-FZ «Ob arbitrazhe (tretejskom razbiratel'stve) v RF».
3. Opredelenie Arbitrazhnogo suda goroda Moskvy po delu # A40-27868/18-63-195 ot 23.04.2018g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://kad.arbitr.ru/Document/Pdf/4b4cf662-879a-4fd8-bcc5-003151b306f3/6f2f2562-44e9-4ebf-ad9cd8327249910a/A40-27868-2018_20180423_Opredelenie.pdf?isAddStamp=True (data obrashhenija: 06.08.2021).
4. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 30.11.2017 # 48 (red. ot 29.06.2021) «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o moshennichestve, prisvoenii i rastrate».
5. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 25.06.2016 # 577 «Ob utverzhdenii pravil predostavlenija prava na osushhestvlenie funkcij postojanno dejstvujushhego arbitrazhnogo uchrezhdenija i polozhenija o deponirovanii pravil postojanno dejstvujushhego arbitrazhnogo uchrezhdenija».
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Akhmedkhanova S. T., Umarova V. A.
Prevention of violations of traffic rules and operation of vehicles
The problems associated with ensuring road safety have acquired not only state, but also global significance. The tense situation that is developing in connection with constant violations of traffic rules requires the adoption of radical measures. Due to the constant changes in socio-economic conditions, the society must fight crime at a professional level, conduct various public events aimed at controlling criminal manifestations within the framework of the law. Problematic issues related to ensuring road safety led to the adoption of the federal target program “Improving road safety”, put into effect by a decree of the President of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: offense, crime, transport, counteraction, punishment, consequences.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arzamascev M. Pravila ocenki priznakov dejanij, differencirujushhih administrativnuju i ugolovnuju otvetstvennost' // Ugolovnoe pravo. -2017. - # 2.
2. Bezruchko E. V., Vitvickaja S. S., Kejdunova E. R. Osnovnye napravlenija sovershenstvovanija podsistemy al'ternativnyh nakazanij // Jurist"-Pravoved". – 2017. - # 3 (82).
3. Bohan A. P., Chmyrev S. N., Bondarev S. P. O soglasovannosti ponjatija «sostojanie op'janenija» v Obshhej i Osobennoj chastjah Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. - 2019. - # 7.
4. Zokin A. M. Ugolovno-pravovoe protivodejstvie prestuplenijam, svjazannym s narusheniem pravil bezopasnosti dvizhenija i jekspluatacii transportnyh sredstv: zarubezhnyj opyt; voprosy sovershenstvovanija rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - M., 2019.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Gadjiev S. S., Magomedova A. I.
Legal characteristics of objective elements of the corpus delicti
The article examines and analyzes the legal significance of individual elements of the corpus delicti, and also reveals the influence of each element (object, objective side of the corpus delicti) on the legislative and law enforcement definition of different categories and types of crimes, as well as the size of penalties for criminals that are provided for by the criminal legislation of different countries.
Keywords: corpus delicti, object, objective aspects of the corpus delicti, elements of the corpus delicti.
Work bibliographic list
1. Inogamova-Hegaj L. V., Komissarov V. S., Konjahin V. P. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii. Osobennaja chast': uchebnik / pod red. prof.L. V. Inogamova-Hegaj. - M.: Infra-M, 2013. - 742s.
2. Kudrjavcev V. N. Obshhaja teorija kvalifikacii prestuplenij. - M., 1999. - 302 s.
3. Rossijskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Obshhaja chast': uchebnik / pod red. V. P. Konjahina, M. L. Prohorovoj.- M., 2013. - 559 s.
4. Sirik M. S. Sostav prestuplenija kak pravovaja kategorija // Zakon i zhizn'. - 2018. - # 3. - S. 64-72.
5. Chernova N. A. Jemocii v strukture sub"ektivnoj storony prestuplenija // Sovremennyj jurist. -2016. - # 2. - S. 108-119.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Galyautdinov R. F., Chembarisov T. I.
Statistics and methods of combating crimes in the field of theft of cell phones
The article presents monitoring studies in the field of cell phone theft. The author focuses on the statistical data that determine the scale and degree of public danger of the considered crimes, as well as on the methods of protection against attacks on mobile communication devices.
Much attention is paid to the measures taken at the legislative level to improve the efficiency of law enforcement agencies to prevent this type of crime.
Keywords: cell phones, mobile devices, statistics, theft, theft, IMEI registry.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev V. V., Batoev V. B. Ponjatie, struktura, znachenie kompleksnoj harakteristiki hishhenij sotovyh telefonov // Zhurnal Juridicheskaja nauka i pravoprimenitel'naja praktika. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http//www.cyberleninka.ru (data obrashhenija: 15.05.2021).
2. Kodachigov V. V Rossii mogut nachat' blokirovat' kradenye telefony. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http//www.vedomosti.ru (data obrashhenija: 25.05.2021).
3. Kurakin A. V., Admiralova I. A., Bondar' T. I., Moljanov A. Ju. Administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie predostavlenija uslug svjazi v sfere operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti // Rossijskaja justicija. – 2018.- # 4.
4. Statistika telefonov. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http//www.vawilon.ru (data obrashhenija:17.05.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Ivanyakov R. I., Vasenkov M. V.
Features of juvenile delinquency in the 19th – early 20th century
The article considers the features and specifics of juvenile delinquency in the 19th –early 20th
century. The article analyzes the studies of leading lawyers and jurists of the late 19th - early 20th century, Sergey Viktorovich Poznyshev, Yevgraf Vasilyevich Reutern, Dmitry Andreevich Drill devoted to this problem. Special attention is paid to the ways and methods of preventing juvenile delinquency in the article.
Keywords: penal enforcement law, prison system, history of penitentiary science, juvenile delinquency, juvenile delinquency, child delinquency, Sergey Viktorovich Poznyshev, Yevgraf Vasilyevich Reutern, Dmitry Andreevich Drill.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belova E. Ju. Stanovlenie i razvitie penitenciarnoj politiki Rossijskoj imperii v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih lic zhenskogo pola: nekotorye polozhenija // Bor'ba s prestupnost'ju:teorija i praktika: tezisy dokladov IH Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Mogilev, 23 aprelja 2021 goda. – Mogilev, 2021. – S.122-125.
2. Dorofeeva Zh. P., Kvasha A. A., Menjajlo D. V., Osobennosti administrativnoj otvetstvennosti nesovershennoletnih // Jurist"-Pravoved".– 2014. – # 1 (62). – S. 50-53.
3. Dril' D. A. O merah bor'by s prestupnost'ju nesovershennoletnih // Zhurn. Ministerstva justicii (dekabr' 1908 g.). – SPb., 1908. – S. 14-15.
4. Ivanjakov R. I., Sajgushev A. A. Obshhestvennaja i chastnaja blagotvoritel'nost' v profilaktike i preduprezhdenii prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih v istorii Rossii // Vlada. Ljudina. Zakon. – 2010. – # 3. – S. 20.
5. Ostroumov S. S. Prestupnost' i ee prichiny v dorevoljucionnoj Rossii. – M., 1980.
6. Otchet po Glavnomu tjuremnomu upravleniju za 1915 g. – Ch. 1. – SPb., 1917.
7. Poznyshev S. V. Detskaja prestupnost' i mery bor'by s nej. – M., 1910.
8. Rejtern E. V. Ocherki polozhenija ispravitel'nyh zavedenij dlja nesovershennoletnih v Rossii. – Jaroslavl', 1896.
9. Smirnova I. N. Pravovoe obespechenie vospitatel'noj raboty s osuzhdennymi k nakazanijam bez izoljacii ot obshhestva v istorii Rossii // Bezopasnost' ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. –2010. – # 1. – S. 43-47.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Ilidzhev A. A.
Some aspects of identifying signs of a completed crime under the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
The article examines the theoretical and legal significance of determining the signs of a completed crime under the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation. In the work, taking into account the materials of judicial practice, as well as various views in the theory of criminal law, the normative concepts of crime and completed crime are generalized and systematized. As a result of the study, the distinctive features of the completed crime and their role in the criminal law regulation of this institution of criminal law are determined.
Keywords: completed crime, attempt, normative concept, interpretation, correlation, differentiation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anisimov A. A. Neokonchennye prestuplenija i osobennosti ih dokazyvanija: dis. …kand. jurid. nauk.- Voronezh, 2003. - 234 s.
2. Babij N. A. Neokonchennoe prestuplenie – jeto nepolnaja sovokupnost' priznakov sostava ili nezavershennoe posledstviem ispolnenie? // Ugolovnoe pravo:strategija razvitija v HHІ veke. Materialy XIII mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii 28-29 janvarja 2016 g. - M.: Prospekt, 2016. - S. 177-180.
3. Blagov E. V. Primenenie ugolovnogo prava (teorija i praktika). - SPb.: Jurid. centr Press, 2004. - 505 s.
4. Gauhman L. D. Kvalifikacija prestuplenij: zakon teorija, praktika. - M.: JurInfoR, 2001. - 316 s.
5. Zhukova T. G. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' za prigotovlenie k prestupleniju i pokushenie na prestuplenie: monografija. - M., 2007. - 134 s.
6. Redin M. P. Prestuplenija po stepeni ih zavershennosti: monografija. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2006. - 200 s.
7. Reshetnikov A. Ju. Pokushenie na prestuplenie v rossijskom ugolovnom prave: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - M., 2007. - 31 s.
8. Tishkevich I. S. Prigotovlenie i pokushenie po sovetskomu ugolovnomu pravu. Ponjatie i nakazuemost'. - M.: Gosjurizdat, 1958. - 260 s.
9. Jenciklopedija ugolovnogo prava. T. 5: neokonchennoe prestuplenie. - SPb.: izd. prof. Malinina V. B.,2006. - 462 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kardanov R. R., Kurin A. A., Kuchmezov R. A.
On the issue of initiating cases related to violation of administrative legislation
Let’s consider the most common legal positions on this problem. The majority of legal researchers tend to think that the initiation of an administrative case is an independent legal institution, since it requires the implementation of a special order of legal norms and regulates its field of public relations. In support of this idea, they also say that the initiation of an
administrative case acts as an independent institution of law and has the following signs:
1. Deals with the regulation of an independent group of public relations, and, therefore, has a
homogeneous factual content;
2. The legal basis for initiating cases of administrative offenses has its own general basis;
3. This institution of initiating administrative cases has its own regulatory feature, its own part
of the law.
Keywords: administrative law, signs, investigator, crime, administrative offense.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vinterkoller N. V. Nekotorye aspekty vozbuzhdenija dela ob administrativnom pravonarushenii // Vestnik Barnaul'skogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2006. - # 11.
2. Drozd A. O. O nekotoryh voprosah stadii vozbuzhdenija dela ob administrativnom pravonarushenii // Aktual'nye problemy bor'by s prestuplenijami i inymi pravonarushenijami. - 2015. - # 15-1.
3. Ivanova U. A. Znachenie i neobhodimost' stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela i instituta otkaza v vozbuzhdenii ugolovnogo dela // Alleja nauki. - 2019. - T. 1.- # 5 (32).
4. Maskal'skaja A. N., Safronov V. V. Vozbuzhdenie dela kak stadija administrativnogo rassledovanija //Vestnik nauchnyh konferencij. - 2016. - # 10-5 (14).
5. Senatova E. V., Zakopyrin V. N. Zadachi proizvodstva po delu ob administrativnom pravonarushenii i neotvratimost' administrativnogo nakazanija na stadii vozbuzhdenija i rassmotrenija dela // Vestnik Permskogo instituta FSIN Rossii. - 2020. - # 2 (37).
6. Torinec E. A., Makovej V. A. Vozbuzhdenie dela ob administrativnom pravonarushenii, sostavlenie protokolov ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah //Jekonomika. Pravo. Pechat'. Vestnik KSJeI. - 2017. - #1-2 (73-74).
7. Cykunov M. V., Zyrjanov S. M. Vozbuzhdenie dela ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah kak samostojatel'naja stadija administrativno-jurisdikcionnogo processa // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2008. - # 10.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Karpushkin A. V.
To the question of the criminal legal assessment of harm to the person who committed the crime in the process of his detention
The author examines the issues of the implementation of criminal law norms in assessing the infliction of harm on a person who has committed a crime in the process of his arrest. The article analyzes the norms of the criminal legislation that fix the grounds and conditions for the legality of causing such harm. The ways of improving the legislation in the studied area are proposed.
Keywords: harm during detention, exemption from criminal liability, police officer, legality.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27 sentjabrja 2012 g. # 19 g. Moskva «O primenenii sudami zakonodatel'stva o neobhodimoj oborone i prichinenii vreda pri zaderzhanii lica, sovershivshego prestuplenie»// Rossijskaja gazeta - Federal'nyj vypusk # 227(5900) ot 03.12.2012 g.
2. Prigovor Kurganskogo gorodskogo suda po delu # 1–37/2012 ot 1 fevralja 2012 goda.
3. Prigovor Oktjabr'skogo rajonnogo suda goroda Vladimira po delu # 1–1/2012 ot 07 fevralja 2012 goda.
4. Prigovor Smolenskogo garnizonnogo voennogo suda po delu # 1–14/2020 ot 9 ijulja 2020 g.
5. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po ugolovnym delam Moskovskogo gorodskogo suda po delu # 10-6442/2016 ot 12 maja 2016 goda.
6. Baburin V. V., Ishmuhametova V. A. Soderzhanie osnovanij i uslovij pravomernogo prichinenija vreda pri zaderzhanii lica, sovershivshego prestuplenie, po rossijskomu Ugolovnomu zakonodatel'stvu // Sibirskoe juridicheskoe obozrenie. - 2012. - # 2 (19).
7. Vasil'ev A. M., Vasil'eva N. A. Ugolovnoe pravo. Obshhaja chast' (kurs lekcij): uchebnoe posobie. - Armavir: RIO AGPA, 2012. - 212 s.
8. Desjatova O. V. Institut prichinenija vreda pri zaderzhanii lica, sovershivshego prestuplenie, v zakonodatel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii i zarubezhnyh stran // Juridicheskaja nauka i pravoohranitel'naja praktika. - 2019. - # 3 (49). - S. 106-112.
9. Kadnikov N. G. Obstojatel'stva, iskljuchajushhie prestupnost' dejanija. - M., 1998. - 65 s.
10. Kaljapin I. A. 80 % del o policejskom nasilii ne dohodjat do suda. Issledovanie «Novoj gazety».— Tekst: jelektronnyj // Novaja gazeta: [sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://clck.ru/VaBUd (data obrashhenija: 18.06.2021).
11. Miljukov S. F., Nikulenko A. V. Prichinenie vreda pri zaderzhanii lica, sovershivshego obshhestvenno opasnoe dejanie. — 2-e izd. - Sankt-Peterburg: Juridicheskij centr Press, 2020. - 768 c.
12. Nikulenko A. V. Prichinenie vreda pri zaderzhanii lica, sovershivshego obshhestvenno opasnoe dejanie: special'nost' 12.00.08 «Ugolovnoe pravo i kriminologija; ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo»:avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk; Baltijskij Federal'nyj universitet imeni Immanuila Kanta.
- Kaliningrad, 2011. - 30 c.
13. Orehov V. V. Neobhodimaja oborona i inye obstojatel'stva, iskljuchajushhie prestupnost' dejanija. -SPb.: Juridicheskij centr Press, 2003. - 217 s.
14. Portal Sudebnogo departamenta pri Verhovnom Sude Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://cdep.ru (data obrashhenija: 05.02.2021).
15. Smirnova L. N. Teorija i praktika zaderzhanija lica, sovershivshego prestuplenie, s prichineniem emu vreda: special'nost' 12.00.08 «Ugolovnoe pravo i kriminologija; ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo»:avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk; Tomskij gosudarstvennyj universitet. - Tomsk, 2003. - 24 c.
16. Tagancev N. S. Russkoe ugolovnoe pravo. Chast' obshhaja: lekcii / [soch.]. - 2-e izd., peresmotr. i dop. -SPb.: Gos. tip., 1902. - 832 s.
17. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Obshhaja chast'. Osobennaja chast': uchebnik po special'nostjam «Pravoohranitel'naja dejatel'nost'», «Pravovoe obespechenie nacional'noj bezopasnosti» / pod obshh. red. Doktora juridicheskih nauk, prof. N. G. Kadnikova. - M.: ID «Jurisprudencija», 2013. - 944 s.
18. Ugolovno-pravovoe regulirovanie zaderzhanija lica, sovershivshego prestuplenie. - «Juridicheskij centr», 2005. - 173 s.
19. Chuljukov O. O. Uslovija pravomernosti prichinenija vreda pri zaderzhanii lica, sovershivshego prestuplenie // Molodoj uchenyj. - 2019. - # 16 (254). - S.146-148.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kashirgov A. H., Gutaev A. M.
Forms of implementation of criminal liability
Criminal liability for a person who has committed a crime is both legal and criminal in nature.
Bringing to criminal responsibility does not exclude bringing to civil liability. When passing a guilty verdict, the state seeks not only to punish the criminal, but also applies certain measures of influence.
Keywords: criminal liability, elements of the corpus delicti, criminal law legislation, criminal
code, crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borovikov V. B., Borovikova V. V. Formy realizacii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti nesovershennoletnih // Vestnik Rossijskogo novogo universiteta. -2006. - # 8. - S. 58-63.
2. Zemljanoj G. L. Realizacija ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti v forme uslovnogo osuzhdenija. Dissertacija na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk / Sankt-Peterburgskij juridicheskij institut. - Sankt-Peterburg, 2006.
3. Nazarenko G. V. Otstavanie v psihicheskom razvitii kak osnovanie, iskljuchajushhee otvetstvennost' lica, dostigshego vozrasta ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti //Izvestija Jugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2016. - # 1. - S. 157-168.
4. Fajzullina D. R. Nakazanie kak osnovnaja realizacii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti. // Sledovatel'. -2008. - # 6. - S. 25-28.
5. Fil'chenko A. P. Prinuditel'nye mery vospitatel'nogo vozdejstvija – forma realizacii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. - 2014. - # 3 (40). - S. 448–454.
6. Shautaeva R. H. Sudimost' kak forma realizacii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Serija Jekonomika i pravo. - 2010. -# 2. - S. 102-108.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kodzokova L. A., Kumysheva M. K.
Fine as a type of punishment in administrative and criminal law
Legally, the concept of the word “fine” (from German. Strafe) is defined as a legalized punishment for an offense or crime. Usually in the form of a monetary penalty, as a rule, in favor of the state, appointed for a misdemeanor within the limits provided for by the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation or the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation. The article discusses the concept, main features, rules of appointment, the difference from a forfeit. And also, cases of application of a fine as the main or additional sanction.
Keywords: punishment, fine, administrative fine, sanction, offense, crime, criminal law, forfeit,
penalty interest.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 07.07.2021). - St. 46.
2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii chast' 4 (GK RF ch.1) ot 30 nojabrja 1994 goda # 51-FZ (red. Ot 08.07.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 10.07.2021).- St. 329.
3. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. Ot 01.07.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 10.07.2021).- St.st. 3.5, 4.1, 15.25.
4. Gutieva I. G. Porjadok primenenija administrativnogo shtrafa kak vida administrativnogo nakazanija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021. - # 6 (157).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kumysheva M. K., Fedina L. M.
The legal aspect of the termination of a criminal case or criminal prosecution in connection with the imposition of a court fine
This article reveals the essence and provides a legal analysis of such a criminal procedure mechanism as the termination of a criminal case or criminal prosecution in connection with the
imposition of a court fine. The study touches on some aspects of the practical application of this
institute. In addition, the authors provide a legal assessment of the consequences that arise in this
regard, including the stimulation of positive post-criminal behavior and a decrease in statistical
indicators on the level of criminal records of the population.
Keywords: crime, court fine, criminal prosecution, criminal liability, preliminary investigation, petition.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 03.07.2016 g. # 323-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii po voprosam sovershenstvovanija osnovanij i porjadka osvobozhdenija ot ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti» // SZ RF. - 2016. - # 27 (ch. 2). - St. 4256.
2. Dannye sudebnoj statistiki Sudebnogo departamenta pri Verhovnom Sude RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79 (data obrashhenija: 01.04.2021).
3. Mazjuk R. V. Konkurencija osnovanij prekrashhenija ugolovnogo dela (st. st. 25 i 25.1 UPK RF) //Mirovoj sud'ja. - 2017. - # 4. - S. 29.
4. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki osvobozhdenija ot ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti s naznacheniem sudebnogo shtrafa (stat'ja 76.2 UK RF) (utv. Prezidiumom Verhovnogo Suda RF 10.07.2019) // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. - 2019. - # 12.
5. Tlupova A. V., Karchaeva K. A. Regional'naja zakonodatel'naja iniciativa v sisteme federal'nogo zakonodatel'nogo processa // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 9 (148). - S. 390-391.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kurbanov Z. A., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
Problematic issues of sentencing for crimes related to the misuse of budgetary funds and funds of state extra-budgetary funds
The constantly conducted research in the field of improving legislation regarding the procedure for bringing to criminal responsibility for criminal encroachments in the field of inappropriate spending of budget funds leads researchers to the idea of the need to make some adjustments. In doctrinal studies, scientists continue to make proposals for improving legislation, they put forward a number of new criminal law norms regulating the procedure for bringing to criminal responsibility when carrying out criminal encroachments on budget funds. There is a need to resolve the issue regarding the penalization of such legal violations. The penalization process consists of two complementary stages, one of which is carried out by the legislator, and the second by the law enforcement officer.
Keywords: crime, punishment, types, norms, improvement, budget.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ahmedhanova S. T. Obshhaja harakteristika sistemy nakazanij // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. -2020. - # 1 (140). - S. 259-260.
2. Gracheva Ju. V., Ermakova L. D., Esakov G. A. i dr. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu RF / Otv. red. A. I.Rarog. - M.: Prospekt, 2013. - 888 s.
3. Karpov A. G. Otvetstvennost' za necelevoe ispol'zovanie bjudzhetnyh sredstv i sredstv gosudarstvennyh vnebjudzhetnyh fondov po zarubezhnomu ugolovnomu zakonodatel'stvu: Uchebnoe posobie. - N.Novgorod: Nizhegorodskaja akademija MVD Rossii,
2006. - 51 s.
4. Mustafaev M. M. Sostojanie necelevogo rashodovanija bjudzhetnyh sredstv v Respublike Dagestan //«Chernye dyry» v Rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. -2007. - # 1. - S. 422-423.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Lapin I. V.
Servitude: the concept and expediency of criminalization in the Russian Federation
The article considers the concept of servitude and its interpretation in the practice of the ECHR. The author comes to the conclusion that the concept of servitude in its interpretation by the ECHR is too vague for the purposes of criminal law. Criminalization of servitude will cause difficulties in distinguishing between the use of slave labor. A proposal is made to replace the term “servitude” in Note 2 to Article 127.1 of the Criminal Code with the term “institutions or customs similar to slavery”.
Keywords: servitude, institutions and customs similar to slavery, criminalization, criminal liability, exploitation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zhinkin A. A. Torgovlja ljud'mi i ispol'zovanie rabskogo truda: problemy kvalifikacii i sootnoshenie so smezhnymi sostavami prestuplenij:avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. - Krasnodar. 2005.– 25 c.
2. Ishhenko G. K. Ugolovno-pravovye i kriminologicheskie mery protivodejstvija torgovle ljud'mi i ispol'zovaniju rabskogo truda: avtoref. dis. … kand.jurid. nauk. - Rostov-na-Donu, 2010. – 27 c.
3. Allein J. On the Curious Disappearance of Human Servitude from General International Law // Journal of the History of International Law. - 2009. - # 1.
4. Allain J., Schwartz K. Antislavery in Domestic Legislation: An Empirical Analysis of National Prohibition Globally. University of Nottingham, 2020.– 27 p.
5. Stoyanova V. Human Trafficking and Slavery Reconsidered Conceptual. Limits and States’ Positive Obligations in European Law. – Cambridge, 2017. - 480 p.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Latypova D. M.
Influence of optional signs of the subjective side on the qualification of crimes committed in correctional institutions
The article is devoted to the analysis of the legislative regulation of the motive and purpose of a crime committed b convict in a correctional institution. The features of the qualification of crimes are considered depending on the establishment of the motive and purpose as mandatory and optional features.
Keywords: motive, purpose, convict, crime, correctional institution, escape from places of confinement, disorganization of the correctional institution, optional feature, subjective side, guilt.
Work bibliographic list
1. Doklad o rezul'tatah i osnovnyh napravlenijah dejatel'nosti na 2019–2020 gody Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij // FSIN Rossii. Glavnaja. Statisticheskie dannye. Doklady o rezul'tatah i osnovnyh napravlenijah dejatel'nosti Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij: ofic. sajt. 12.10.2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. -Rezhim dostupa: http://fsin.su/structure/inspector/iao/Doklad/DROND%202019-2020 (data obrashhenija: 20.10.2020).
2. Statisticheskaja informacija // FSIN Rossii. Glavnaja. Statisticheskie dannye: ofic. sajt.12.10.2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://www.fsin.su/ structure/inspector/iao/statistika/Kratkaya%20har-ka%20UIS/ (data obrashhenija: 01.12.2020).
3. Fumm A. M., Jakovleva O. N. Penitenciarnye prestuplenija: determinanty i sovremennoe sostojanie // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. –2016. – # 3. – S. 118.
4. Chislo prestuplenij, sovershennyh otdel'nymi kategorijami lic // FSGS RF. Glavnaja. Statisticheskie dannye: ofic. sajt. 12.10.2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http//www. gks.ru/free_doc/new. (data obrashhenija: 20.10.2020).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Lyadov E. V.
Arrest as a type of criminal punishment alternative to deprivation of freedom
This article examines the issues of legal regulation of the application of criminal punishment in the form of arrest. It is emphasized that despite the fact that the provisions of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation on arrest are not applied, there is a single judicial practice on the appointment of this type of punishment. It is concluded that it is necessary to enact the provisions of the legislation governing the appointment and execution of criminal punishment in the form of arrest.
Keywords: criminal punishment, arrest, sentencing, execution of punishment, convicted person, sentence.
Work bibliographic list
1. O vvedenii v dejstvie Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. zakon ot 13 ijunja 1996 g.# 64-FZ // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. – 1996. – # 25. – St. 2955.
2. O vnesenii izmenenij i dopolnenij v Federal'nye zakony «O vvedenii v dejstvie Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» i «O vvedenii v dejstvie Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii»: feder. zakon ot 10 janvarja 2002 g. # 4-FZ // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. – 2002. – # 2. – St. 130.
3. O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s vvedeniem v dejstvie polozhenij Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii i Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii o nakazanii v vide ogranichenija svobody: feder. zakon ot 27 dekabrja 2009 g. # 377-FZ // Sobr. zakonodatel'-
stva Ros. Federacii. – 2009. – # 52 (1 ch.). – St. 6453.
4. O vnesenii izmenenij v zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii, svjazannyh s iskljucheniem polozhenij o nakazanii v vide aresta (red., prinjataja GD FS RF v I chtenii 10.03.2006): proekt Federal'nogo zakona # 241727-4. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://sozd.parlament.gov.ru/bill/241727-4 (data obrashhenija: 19.08.2021).
5. Arhiv Leningradskogo oblastnogo suda Leningradskoj oblasti. Postanovlenie # 22-316/2014 ot 27 marta 2014 g. po delu # 22-316/2014.
6. Dobrjakov D. A. Sistema i vidy nakazanij po ugolovnomu zakonodatel'stvu Rossijskoj Federacii i Respubliki Koreja (sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz): avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2018.– S. 12.
7. Kashuba Ju. A. Vozmozhnost' real'nogo primenenija v Rossii aresta kak vida ugolovnogo nakazanija // Bor'ba s prestupnost'ju: teorija i praktika. Tezisy dokladov VI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj 70-letiju obrazovanija Mogilevskogo instituta MVD. Otvetstvennyj redaktor Ju. A. Matvejchev. – 2018. –S. 62-65.
8. Kashuba Ju. A. O vozmozhnosti primenenija ugolovnogo nakazanija v vide aresta v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennogo rossijskogo prava. Materialy X Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2018. – S. 206-209.
9. Svodnye statisticheskie svedenija o sostojanii sudimosti v Rossii za 2010-2020 gody. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79 (data obrashhenija: 10.08.2021).
10. Stepashin V. M. Arest kak vid ugolovnogo nakazanija // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija«Pravo». – 2011. – # 4 (29). – S. 130-134.
11. Trahov A. I., Beshukova Z. M. Arest kak vid ugolovnogo nakazanija: problemy i perspektivy // Vestnik Adygejskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija 1: Regionovedenie: filosofija, istorija, sociologija, jurisprudencija, politologija, kul'turologija. – # 3. – S. 170.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Mazdogova Z. Z., Makoeva E. R.
Some issues of prevention of offenses committed by minors
The most debatable and controversial problem in our country is juvenile delinquency and its prevention. Preventive measures to prevent lawlessness among minors is a system of social, legal, pedagogical and other measures aimed at identifying and eliminating the causes and conditions conducive to antisocial actions of minors. In the presented study, the authors make an attempt to systematize the conditions, factors, and features of effective counteraction to crimes committed by adolescents. To maximize the social, pedagogical and psychological adaptation in society and (or) the prevention of the commission of offenses and antisocial actions by them. The main tasks of effective preventive activities with the category of persons of this particular age range are relevant in any society precisely due to the fact that this layer is characterized by increased psychological lability, instability and lack of formation of moral values.
Keywords: minors, illegal actions, employees of internal affairs bodies, prevention, criminal, deviant behavior, personal characteristics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dolgova A. I. Problemy prestupnosti: tradicionnye i netradicionnye podhody // Juridicheskij analiticheskij zhurnal. - 2013. - # 3. - S. 177-179.
2. Mazdogova Z. Z. Vospitanie tolerantnosti v molodezhnoj srede kak faktor profilaktiki jekstremizma // Filosofija prava. - 2014. - # 3 (64). - S. 65.
3. Makoeva E. R. Sushhnost' jekstremizma, sposoby ego profilaktiki sredi lichnogo sostava organov vnutrennih del // V sbornike: Luchshaja nauchnaja stat'ja 2020. Sbornik statej XXXVIII Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo konkursa. - Penza, 2020. - S. 118-121.
4. Mashekuasheva M. H., Problemy organizacii profilakticheskoj raboty s nesovershennoletnimi v obrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenijah. // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2018. - # 4. - S. 362-363.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Magomedova H. M., Radjabov Sh. R.
Abuse of authority by businesses and other organizations:investigation issues
The article deals with the problems of forgery of documents and methods of combating this crime.
Over the centuries, historical documents have been substituted and fabricated many times. History has been decisively rewritten over and over again. After all, documents - a scattering of letters on a piece of paper - can be concocted, manipulated, falsified, corrected, hidden, silenced, lost, invented. Scientists who restore the image of the past bit by bit often find that the usual historical pictures turn out to be someone’s later forgery. Falsification of historical sources is an international phenomenon. Document forgery and falsification is a crime.
In Criminal law, the meaning of the term “forgery” is not disclosed. Meanwhile, there is a legal definition of official forgery and a description of individual actions for falsifying various types of documents. Forgery of documents is a common socially dangerous act that has individual characteristics that differ from other criminal encroachments. The concept of “forgery of documents” in its content covers crimes, the essence of which is the falsification of official documents or other subject media.
Keywords: forgery, falsification, criminal knowledge, forgery, document.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 14.06.2021).
2. Ob objazatel'nom jekzempljare dokumentov: Federal'nyj zakon ot 29.12.1994 g. # 77-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus» (data obrashhenija: 14.06.2021).
3. Sabitov R. A., Sabitova E. Ju. Ugolovno-pravovaja ocenka obmanov i dejstvij, sovershaemyh s dokumentami: monografija. - M.: Jurlitform, 2018.
4. Sobeckij I. V., Fedotov N. N. Dokumenty XXI veka:Dokument, kotoryj nel'zja poddelat'? // Sb.nauchnyh trudov VIPK MVD RF. – 1998. - Vyp. 1. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://optics.sinp.msu.ru/fnn/nodocs.html (data obrashhenija: 14.06.2021).
5. Uchjonye o javnyh faktah fal'sifikacii istorii Rossii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:starove.ru (data obrashhenija: 14.06.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Nabiev F. F., Migranov R. N.
On the issue of legislative regulation of criminal liability for knowingly false testimony, expert opinion, specialist or incorrect translation (Art.307 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation)
The article discusses the issues of qualification of a crime provided for in Article 307 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (Deliberately false testimony, expert opinion, specialist or incorrect translation).
Keywords: qualification, sufficiency of evidence, correctness of qualifications, direct intent, knowingly false denunciation, appeal, involvement as an accused, investigator, information that does not correspond to reality, examination.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii s izmenenijami, prinjatymi na obshherossijskom golosovanii 1 ijulja 2020 g. - M.: Jeksmo, 2020. - 64 s.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. - M.:Prospekt, 2019. - 336 s.
3. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka: 80000 slov i frazeologicheskih vyrazhenij / Rossijskaja akademija nauk. Institut russkogo jazyka im. V. V. Vinogradova. - 4-e izdanie dopolneno. - M.: OOO «Izdatel'stvo JeLPIS», 2005. - 788 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Nabiullina V. R.
Criminal liability for public dissemination of knowingly false information in the Republic of Kazakhstan and in the Russian Federation
The article presents a comparative analysis of the criminal law norms of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan, regulating responsibility for the dissemination of knowingly false information that creates a danger of violating public safety and order. The judicial practice of both countries is considered, conclusions are given.
Keywords: knowingly false information, criminal liability, public dissemination, Republic of Kazakhstan.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grabel'nikov A. A., Mambetova I. K. Svoboda slova i bezopasnost' zhurnalistov kak aktual'nye problemy SMI Kazahstana // Vestnik RUDN, serija Literaturovedenie. Zhurnalistika. – 2015. – # 3. – S.129-137.
2. Morozova L. A. Pravovaja opredelennost' kak obshhepravovoj universal'nyj princip realizacii prava // Social'no-jekonomicheskie javlenija i processy. – 2017. – T. 12. – # 3. – S. 250-256.
3. Nurgazinov B. K., Akishev M. S., Boreckij A. V. K voprosu o ponimanii ponjatij «svoboda lichnosti» i «lichnaja svoboda» v konstitucionnom prave// Vestnik Instituta zakonodatel'stva i pravovoj informacii RK. – 2020. – # 3 (61). – S. 25-33.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Rogova N. N.
General and special rules for mitigating punishment
When assigning punishment, the court uses both general and special rules for mitigating punishment, regulated in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. In judicial practice, there are cases when the courts of higher instances change the sentences of the courts, pointing to unaccounted mitigating circumstances, or errors in the calculations when assigning punishment, and mitigate the punishment. The article considers the rules of sentencing and examples from judicial practice that reflect controversial issues with mandatory mitigation of punishment.
Keywords: punishment, general rules, special rules, mitigating circumstances, mitigation of punishment, limits of sanctions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anoshhenkova S.V. Osnova spravedlivogo nakazanija// Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2017. # 4. S. 106-112.
2. Voronin V.N. Individualizacija nakazanija: ponjatie, kriterii, znachenie: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2015.
3. Garbatovich D.A. Okazanie medicinskoj pomoshhi poterpevshemu kak obstojatel'stvo, smjagchajushhee ugolovnoe nakazanie // Rossijskaja justicija. 2020. # 10.S. 51-53.
4. Djad'kin D.S. O ponjatii i klassifikacii obstojatel'stv, smjagchajushhih i otjagchajushhih nakazanie //Rossijskij sud'ja. 2008. # 6. S. 32-37
5. Zhukov G.K. Aktual'nye problemy sudebnoj praktiki naznachenija ugolovnogo nakazanija // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2017. # 5. S. 50-56.
6. Mingalimova M.F. Voprosy ucheta sostojanija zdorov'ja vinovnogo i ego blizkih rodstvennikov pri naznachenii nakazanija // Rossijskaja justicija. 2019. # 9. S. 33-35.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Stupina S. A.
The identity of the guilty person as one of the grounds for fear of carrying out a threat of murder or causing serious harm to health
The article considers such a sign of a threat to kill or cause serious harm to health as the reality of its implementation. The main criterion for the reason to fear the implementation of such a threat is determined through its subjective perception by the victim, taking into account the characteristics of the perpetrator’s personality. The author’s conclusions are based on official statistics and the results of a study of judicial practice materials.
Keywords: crime, threat of murder, threat of causing serious harm to health, mental violence, the reality of the threat, reasons to fear the implementation of the threat.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanina Kalugina Vasilija Viktorovicha na narushenie ego konstitucionnyh prav chast'ju pervoj stat'i 119 i chast'ju pervoj stat'i 286 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii: opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 23.03.2010 #368-O-O.
2. Prigovor Bijskogo gorodskogo suda Altajskogo kraja # 1-884/2020 ot 26.11.2020 po delu #1-884/2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/o2FXHlvf1SWv/.(data obrashhenija: 07.07.2021).
3. Prigovor Kamyshinskogo gorodskogo suda Volgogradskoj oblasti # 1-515/2020 ot 25.11.2020 po delu # 1-515/2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/mPdCO83iWYlV/. (data obrashhenija: 07.07.2021).
4. Prigovor Morshanskogo rajonnogo suda Tambovskoj oblasti # 1-171/2020 ot 27.11.2020 po delu # 1-171/2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/vEI2stfDq6oO/.(data obrashhenija: 07.07.2021).
5. Prigovor Oktjabr'skogo rajonnogo suda g. Izhevska Udmurtskoj Respubliki ot 20.10.2011 po delu # 10-38/2011. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/court/reshenyaoktiabrskii-raionnyi-sud-g-izhevskaudmurtskaiarespublika/.(data obrashhenija: 07.07.2021).
6. Prigovor Pechorskogo gorodskogo suda Respubliki Komi # 1-336/2020 ot 27.11.2020 po delu #1-336/2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/gnU0rpFvyNH8/.(data obrashhenija: 07.07.2021).
7. Absatarov H. H. Ugroza ubijstvom ili prichineniem tjazhkogo vreda zdorov'ju kak prestuplenie protiv lichnosti: ugolovno-pravovoj i kriminologicheskij aspekty: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. –Ufa, 2005. – 193 s.
8. Dannye sudebnoj statistiki // Oficial'nyj sajt Sudebnogo departamenta pri Verhovnom Sude Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79 (data obrashhenija: 07.07.2021).
9. Ivanova V. V. Prestupnoe nasilie. Uchebnoe posobie dlja vuzov. – M., 2002.
10. Korostylev O. I. Ugolovno-pravovaja harakteristika ugrozy: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk / O. I. Korostylev. – Stavropol', 2004. – 25 s.
11. Levin P. N. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' za ugrozu ubijstvom ili prichineniem tjazhkogo vreda zdorov'ju: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2006. – 151 s.
12. Stupina S. A. Psihicheskoe nasilie kak sposob sovershenija prestuplenija v sfere nezakonnogo oborota narkotikov // Vestnik Sibirskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2017. – # 3(28). – S. 47-52.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Tokbayev A. A., Bitov A. A.
On the question of general social prevention of illegal traffic drugs in the Russian Federation
The article deals with the problem of the spread of drug addiction among the youth of the Russian Federation. The most important aspect of countering the spread of drug addiction among
young people is well-thought-out preventive work at the level of both municipalities and educational organizations.
Keywords: drug user, drug addiction, drugs, psychotropic substances, drug addiction prevention, propaganda.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ob utverzhdenii Strategii gosudarstvennoj antinarkoticheskoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii do 2020 goda: Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 09.06.2010 # 690 //Rossijskaja gazeta. – # 5207 (128). – 15 ijunja 2010 g.
2. Bitov A. A. Osobennosti psihicheskih narushenij pri upotreblenii narkoticheskih sredstv i psihotropnyh veshhestv, sposobstvujushhie soversheniju prestuplenij i administrativnyh pravonarushenij //Sovremennyj uchenyj. – 2017. – # 4. – S. 85-88.
3. Bitov A. A. Problemy ocenki materialov proverki po faktam nezakonnogo oborota narkoticheskih sredstv // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve.– 2018. – # 3. – S. 434-436.
4. Ljuev T. H. Aktual'nye voprosy vyjavlenija i dokumentirovanija prestuplenij, svjazannyh s beskontaktnym sbytom narkoticheskih sredstv // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2019. – # 5. – S. 272-275.
5. Upravlenie OON po narkotikam i prestupnosti. Vsemirnyj doklad o narkotikah v mire. – 2016.– S. 1. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.u#odc.org/docume#ts/wdr2015/WDR15_ExSum_R.pdf.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Pisarevskaya E.A.
On the rationale for lowering the age of criminal responsibility
The article studies the age limits of criminal liability in Russia and abroad. The author considered the age characteristics of minors that affect the mitigation of criminal liability, analyzed the arguments in favor of reducing the age of criminal responsibility. The article justifies the need to maintain the lower threshold of criminal liability existing in current Russian legislation, taking into account the social, physiological, psychological and pedagogical characteristics of juvenile criminals, as well as the modern criminal situation.
Keywords: criminal liability, age characteristics, juvenile offender.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gavrilenko A.A., Gorbacheva E.V. Znachenie ustanovlenija otdel'nyh dannyh, harakterizujushhih lichnost' nesovershennoletnego obvinjaemogo v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Sibirskij juridicheskij vestnik. - 2012. - # 4. - S. 82-89.
2. Galeev B.B. Vozrast ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti kak instrument ugolovnoj politiki // Ugolovnaja politiki i pravoprimenitel'naja praktika: Sbornik statej / otv. red. E.N. Rahmanova. - SPb., 2016.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=28332337.
3. Danilin E.M., Davydova N.V. Social'no-demograficheskaja harakteristika lichnosti nesovershennoletnih, osuzhdennyh k nakazanijam i meram ugolovno-pravovogo haraktera bez izoljacii ot obshhestva //Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema: pravo, jekonomika, upravlenie. - 2017. - # 3. - S. 26-28.
4. Kol'cov M.I. Osobennosti nakazanija nesovershennoletnih (na primere sudov Tambovskoj oblasti):Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. - Tambov, 2007. -26s.
5. Kompleksnyj analiz sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii i raschetnye varianty ee razvitija: analiticheskij obzor / Ju. M. Antonjan, D.A. Brazhnikov, M. V. Goncharova i dr. - M., 2018. - 86 s.
6. Kriminologija / Pod red. Dzh. F. Sheli / Per. s angl.- SPb., 2003. – 864 s.
7. Kulakova S.V. Uchet osobennostej lichnosti nesovershennoletnih osuzhdennyh pri organizacii kompleksnoj raboty po resocializacii // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema: pravo, jekonomika, upravlenie. - 2020. - # 6. - S. 22-24.
8. Poznyshev S.V. Kriminal'naja psihologija: Prestupnye tipy. O psihologicheskom issledovanii lichnosti kak sub"ekta povedenija voobshhe i ob izuchenii lichnosti prestupnika v chastnosti / Sost. I predisl. V.S. Ovchinskogo, A.V. Fedorova. - M., 2007.
– 302 s.
9. Prozumentov L.M. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' nesovershennoletnih po zakonodatel'stvu Rossijskoj Federacii. - Tomsk, 2015. – 176 s.
10. Procenko S.V. O vozraste, s kotorogo nastupaet ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' // Aktual'nye problemy prava. - 2017. - # 4. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=29101030
11. Sostojanie prestupnosti v Rossii za janvar'-dekabr' 2020 g. - M., 2021. - 66 s.
12. Hromova N.M. Vozrast ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti nesovershennoletnih // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava.- 2018. - # 4. - S. 96-109.
13. Shajkova M.V. Osobennosti mezhdunarodno-pravovogo statusa nesovershennoletnih pravonarushitelej // Mezhdunarodnoe ugolovnoe pravo i mezhdunarodnaja justicija. - 2021. - # 1. - S. 6-10.
14. Shhedrin N.V. Minimal'nyj vozrast ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti ili minimal'nyj vozrast primenenija ugolovnyh sankcij? // Sud'ja. - 2017. - # 8.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=CJI&n=108401#VOrgmdSaW7u0nEpj.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Safonov A. A., Kangezov M. R.
Problemic aspects of involving a teacher (psychologist) in investigating criminal cases with the participation of minors
The article analyzes the legislative consolidation of the participation of a teacher (psychologist)
in the conduct of investigative actions with the participation of minors. The possibility of creating full-time teachers (psychologists) in investigative units to accompany the preliminary investigation of criminal cases with the participation of minors was considered.
Keywords: minor, psychologist, teacher, preliminary investigation, investigative actions, victim,
suspect, accused.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vasil'eva T. L. Psihologicheskoe soprovozhdenie rassledovanija ugolovnyh del s uchastiem nesovershennoletnih // Problemy i puti ih reshenija. Problemy ispol'zovanija special'nyh znaniĭ v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (Novosibirsk, 25 maja 2017 goda). - S. 10-14.
 
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Selezneva N. A., Kabaha Mahdi F. M.
Criminal law characteristics of murder committed by poisoning under the criminal law of Jordan
The article is devoted to the criminal-legal characteristics of murder committed by poisoning, which is considered a particularly grave and dangerous crime for society under the criminal law
of Jordan. When qualifying poisoning in practice, there are problems of distinguishing between premeditated and premeditated murder, where premeditated thought is considered an aggravating
circumstance entailing severe punishment in the form of the death penalty. The article analyzes the material and moral elements of poisoning, provides examples of judicial practice, testifying to the problems associated with the qualification of a murder committed by poisoning and suggests ways of solving them.
Keywords: murder, premeditated murder, poisoning, poisonous substance, criminal intent, criminal law of Jordan, qualification of the crime, responsibility, punishability.
Work bibliographic list
1. Al-raqad A. M. Criminal contribution to murder:comparative study. Middle East University. Amman, 2014. P. 142-143.
2. Al otur R. A. Criminal liability for providing toxic or harmful substances comparative Analytical Study // Journal of An-Najah University for research. Nablus. 2014. Vol. 28 (6). R. 1349.
3. Nasif N. A. Explanation of the Penal Code special section. Al-Sanhouri library. Baghdad, 2010. P. 321.
4. Al-duri R. A. Practical and legal problems in poison murder (comparative study between Jordanian and Iraqi laws). Middle East University. Amman, 2013. P. 56.
5. Afifi F. A. Literature on toxicology and digestive response. Dar Al Fajr. Cairo, 2000. P. 65.
6. Zed M. A. Comparative Penal Code (special section), knowledge facility. Alexandria, No year of publication. P. 105.
7. Hattab S. The death penalty: a comparative study between Islamic jurisprudence and legal postural. University of Oran. Algeria, 2008. P. 30.
8. Amer M. Z., Moneim S. A. Criminal Law Special Section. Halabi Human Rights Publications. Beirut, 2004. R. 27.
9. Decisions of the Jordanian Courts of Cassation, Adalah Center for Legal Information, published on the website. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://adaleh.info/default.aspx.
 
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kashirgov A. H., Gutaev A. M.
Confiscation of property as a criminal law measure
The confiscation of property is a measure of influence on the criminal, which consists in the seizure of his property in favor of the state. Confiscation is carried out only on the basis of a court decision. This measure is similar to punishment, since it refers to coercive measures applied by the State. In the article, we will consider the concept, types, objects, subjects and problems of the application of confiscation within the framework of the criminal legislation of
the Russian Federation.
Keywords: property, confiscation, objects subject to confiscation, criminal legislation, court decision, sentence, punishment, measure of influence, state, crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s prinjatiem Federal'nogo zakona «O ratifikacii konvencii soveta Evropy o preduprezhdenii terrorizma» i Federal'nogo zakona «O protivodejstvii terrorizmu» ot 27.07.2006 #153-FZ (red. ot 03.07.2016). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 25.03.2021). - Gl. 15.1.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://garant.ru. - St.st. 104.1, 104.2,104.3.
3. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ (red. ot 09.03.2021).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS«Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 25.03.2021).- St. 243.
4. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 14 ijunja 2018 g. # 17 «O nekotoryh voprosah, svjazannyh s primeneniem konfiskacii imushhestva v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus»
(data obrashhenija: 25.03.2021). - Pp. 1-4.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Permyakov M. V., Khodasevich O. N., Kotov V. V.
Corruption as a factor of economic stagnation and increased crime
In the modern world, there is a very serious and difficult problem to solve, which is closely related to the economy and crime, and it can be called corruption. Corruption appeared very long
ago in the history of mankind, which underlines the complexity of its eradication, including even
collective efforts over hundreds of years have only managed to minimize the cases of corruption
and then only in individual countries. At the same time, all the attempts to eradicate corruption as an act of power, on the other hand, give rise to criminal counteraction, which has an amazing “vitality” and adaptability in various layers of society, in accordance with the scientific and technological progressive changes of the time.
Keywords: public administration, military security, government officials, corruption activity, corruption hotbed, personal gain, bribe, representatives of the people, provocation, welfare of citizens, anti-corruption movement, abuse of power, commercial bribery.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii korrupcii» ot 25.12.2008 # 273-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29 dekabrja 2008g. # 52 (chast' I) st. 6228.
2. Chashin A. N. Korrupcija v Rossii. – M.: Delo i Servis, 2009. – S. 67-68.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Radzhabov M. R., Esenbulatova E. Kh.
Individualization of punishment for violation of traffic rules and operation of vehicles
Problematic issues of ensuring road safety have acquired both domestic and international significance, requiring radical measures.
In the conditions of transformation of the socio-economic, political situation, society should carry out a professional fight against the growth of crime, systematically develop and implement realistic programs aimed at taking into account criminal manifestations within the framework of legality.
Keywords: punishment, crime, traffic accidents, responsibility, administrative, criminal.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arzamascev M. Pravila ocenki priznakov dejanij, differencirujushhih administrativnuju i ugolovnuju otvetstvennost' // Ugolovnoe pravo. -2017. - # 2.
2. Ahmedhanova S. T. Kriminologicheskaja determinacija dorozhno-transportnyh prestuplenij, sovershaemyh nesovershennoletnimi Ugolovnoe zakonodatel'stvo Rossii: osnovnye problemy primenenija i napravlenija sovershenstvovanija: sbornik materialov I Vseross. nauch.-prakt. konf. - Mahachkala: SKFI, 2019. - S. 142-151.
3. Bohan A. P., Chmyrev S. N., Bondarev S. P. O soglasovannosti ponjatija «sostojanie op'janenija» v Obshhej i Osobennoj chastjah Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. - 2019. - # 7.
4. Zokin A. M. Ugolovno-pravovoe protivodejstvie prestuplenijam, svjazannym s narusheniem pravil bezopasnosti dvizhenija i jekspluatacii transportnyh sredstv: zarubezhnyj opyt; voprosy sovershenstvovanija rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva: avtoref.
dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - M., 2019.
 
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Tarchokov B. A., Tarchokova M. A.
On the distinction of the concepts of “extremism” and “terrorism”: a differentiated approach
The purpose of this study is to differentiate the common and distinctive features of extremism and terrorism. An analysis of law enforcement practice has shown that for many, these concepts are synonymous, although they have different objects of encroachment and a different nature of public danger. We have established that the basis of the criminal activities of extremists is the ideological component that promotes hostility and hatred towards representatives of a different nationality, confession, a certain social group or representatives of certain political views and beliefs. The striving of extremists is aimed at inciting conflicts on the above grounds. The basis of terrorism is the ideology of violence, or rather its deliberate use to achieve a frightening effect and achieve the goals of terrorist activities. Hence, these crimes are recognized at the state level as especially dangerous.
Keywords: extremism, terrorism, counteraction, prevention, criminal activity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 05.05.2014 # 130-FZ. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_162576/ (data obrashhenija: 05.05.2021).
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii terrorizmu» ot 06.03.2006 # 35-FZ. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_58840/ (data obrashhenija: 05.05.2021).
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii jekstremistskoj dejatel'nosti» ot 25.07.2002 # 114-FZ. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_37867/ (data obrashhenija: 05.05.2021).
4. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_10699/ (data obrashhenija: 05.05.2021).
5. Kuleshova G. P. Terrorizm i jekstremizm: sootnoshenie ponjatij // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Povolzhskij region. Obshhestvennye nauki. – 2017. –# 3 (43). – S. 17-24.
6. Majstrenko G. A. Problema razgranichenija ponjatij «terrorizm» i «jekstremizm» v zakonodatel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii // Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba i kadry. – 2019. – # 4. – S. 132-135.
7. Mozhegova A. A. O razgranichenii jekstremistskih i terroristicheskih prestuplenij po ugolovnomu pravu Rossijskoj Federacii // Biznes v zakone. Jekonomiko-juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2014. – # 3. – S. 52-55.
8. Tarchokov B. A. Social'no-religioznye aspekty protivodejstvija jekstremistskoj dejatel'nosti // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. – 2017.– # 4. – S. 160-162.
9. Frolov M. G. K voprosu o razgranichenii ponjatij «jekstremizm» i «terrorizm» // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N. I. Lobachevskogo. – 2017. –# 5. – S. 165-168.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Teppeev A. A., Misrokov T. Z.
Preventive measures to protect population from telephone fraud
The authors of the article raise the question of the need to study the issue of prevention of crimes related to telephone fraud. The article contains an analysis of statistical data on these crimes over the past two years, it also proposes preventive measures taken to combat this type of crime, including intensifying explanatory work with the most vulnerable groups of the population, as well as improving criminal legislation.
Keywords: prevention, telephone fraud, victimization, victim, criminal.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 05.04.2021) (s izm. i dop.,vstup. v silu s ot 08.04.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: SPS Konsul'tant Pljus (data obrashhenija: 08.05.2021). – Tekst: jelektronnyj.
2. Zubkov I. Nabirajte reshetku // I. Zubkov, N. Kozlova // Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2021. - # 64 (8415).
3. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 nojabrja 2017 g. # 48 g. Moskva «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o moshennichestve, prisvoenii i rastrate». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: SPS Konsul'tant Pljus (data obrashhenija: 08.05.2021). – Tekst: jelektronnyj.
4. Sazonova M. Telefonnoe moshennichestvo: kak protivodejstvovat' obmanu – 01.03.2021 // Analiticheskaja stat'ja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «GARANT».
5. Shatilov A. V. Mery special'no-kriminologicheskogo preduprezhdenija organizovannogo moshennichestva // Saratovskaja gosudarstvennaja juridicheskaja akademija - Voprosy rossijskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava. - 2018. - T. 8.
 
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Fakov A. M.
On the issue of preventing and combating corruption in modern Russia
In this study, we examined the definition of corruption in the context of countering and preventing this phenomenon. Crimes of this type are latent in nature, which does not reflect its real scope. The corruption aspect has a negative impact on the economy, reducing the investment attractiveness of territories, weakens the effectiveness of state power, paralyzing the activities of state institutions, and more importantly, the fundamental constitutional principle of equality before the law and the court is threatened.
Corruption prevention and prevention measures constitute counteraction to this phenomenon. Prevention and prevention of corruption manifestations as elements of counteraction to this phenomenon are aimed at preventing the commission of corruption crimes. Due to the fact that corruption today has penetrated into all spheres of state power, the judiciary and law enforcement agencies, this causes indignation among the population, undermining confidence in state institutions in ensuring the protection of constitutional rights. Against the background of the evolving situation, propaganda slogans of extremist content are determined, inciting ethnic hatred, xenophobia, etc. Consequently, the state alone cannot counteract corruption manifestations, and the most important institution of civil society, which has proven its effectiveness and efficiency, is public control, which will increase the effectiveness of public policy, will act as a guarantee of transparency in decisions, which, as a result, will lead to a successful fight against corruption.
Keywords: corruption, offense, counteraction, prevention, public control, anti-corruption policy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii korrupcii» ot 25.12.2008g. # 273-FZ [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_82959/ (data obrashhenija: 15.08.2021 g.).
2. Bazarova N.A. Aktual'nye voprosy protivodejstvija korrupcii // V sbornike: Luchshaja nauchnaja stat'ja 2020. Sbornik statej po materialam Vserossijskogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo konkursa. 2020. S. 37-42
3. Bolotova A.V. Korrupcija v Rossii i metody bor'by s nej // Sociologija v sovremennom mire:nauka, obrazovanie, tvorchestvo. 2019. # 11. S. 249-252.
4. Morozova A.V. Korrupcija i metody bor'by s nej // Problemy nauki. 2018. # 10 (34). S. 48-51.
5. Sokolova V.N. Korrupcija: vidy, formy i metody bor'by s nej // Jekonomika i socium. 2020. #5-2 (72). S. 169-171.
6. Spasskij S.D. Korrupcija i metody bor'by s nej// V sbornike: Pravovoe obrazovanie. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov. Pod obshhej redakciej B.M. Magomedova. Rostov-na-Donu, 2019. S. 265-269.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Shaganova O. М.
Illegal cultivation of narcotic plants under the criminal legislation of foreign countries
The article analyzes the foreign legislation on liability for illegal cultivation of narcotic plants. The author studies the criminal codes of Georgia, Spain, Ukraine, Turkmenistan, the Republics of Azerbaijan, Latvia, Lithuania, Kyrgyzstan, the People’s Republic of China, Estonia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan. The author notes the peculiarities of the construction of foreign norms providing for criminal liability for such crimes, and the positive experience for the Russian criminal legislation.
Keywords: illegal cultivation of drug-containing plants, criminal liability, criminal law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://continent-online.com. (data obrashhenija: 10.07.2021).
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Gruzii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://matsne.gov.ge/ru/document/view/16426?publication=229. (data obrashhenija: 27.07.2021).
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks Kirgizskoj Respubliki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://continent-online.com(data obrashhenija: 10.07.2021).
4. Ugolovnyj kodeks Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://crimescience.ru/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/UK-Kitaja_PDF.pdf. (data obrashhenija: 27.07.2021).
5. Ugolovnyj kodeks Latvijskoj Respubliki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://likumi.lv/doc.php?id=88966 (data obrashhenija: 27.07.2021).
6. Ugolovnyj kodeks Litovskoj Respubliki.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://okpravo.ru/zarubezhnoe-pravo/ugolovnoe-pravozarubezhnyh-stran/ugolovnyj-kodeks-litvy.html(data obrashhenija: 27.07.2021).
7. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Belarus'. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://continent-online.com (data obrashhenija: 10.07.2021).
8. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Bolgarija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/1589654529 (data obrashhenija: 27.07.2021).
9. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://adilet.zan.kz/rus. (data obrashhenija: 27.07.2021).
10. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Tadzhikistan.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://continent-online.com. (data obrashhenija: 27.07.2021).
11. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Uzbekistan.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://continent-online.com. (data obrashhenija: 10.07.2021).
12. Ugolovnyj kodeks Turkmenistana. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://continent-online.com. (data obrashhenija: 10.07.2021).
13. Ugolovnyj kodeks Ukrainy. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://continent-online.com(data obrashhenija: 10.07.2021).
14. Ugolovnyj kodeks Jestonskoj Respubliki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.legislationline.org/ru/documents/section/criminalcodes(data obrashhenija: 27.07.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Gladych N. V.
Criminal liability for crimes in cyberspace: international legal aspects
As you know, one of the main goals of the law is to provide an objective, predictable, transparent and universally applicable set of rules that regulate behavior and maintain order. A key element of the order is public trust, which in cyberspace involves achieving a balance between ensuring the security of networks, devices and data and ensuring respect for fundamental rights such as privacy (including data protection) and freedom of expression. However, the potential threat posed by cybercriminals has increased dramatically and has opened up significant opportunities for terrorist groups and extremist organizations.
At the same time, a number of national legal systems emphasize the need to protect the functioning of cyberspace systems with the help of criminal legislation. The main protected interests are confidentiality, integrity and availability of information systems and electronic data. However, at the international legal level, due to the urgent need to criminalize illegal behavior in cyberspace, there is an urgent task of unification and a unified approach to the issues of criminal prosecution for cybercrime.
Keywords: criminal law, international law, cyberspace, cybercrime, criminal liability, cybercrime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Komissija po preduprezhdeniju prestupnosti i ugolovnomu pravosudiju (CCPCJ). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/commissions/CCPCJ/index.html (21.07.2021 g.).
2. Brown D., Rizvi S. and Kyung Min Kim, Internet rights in focus: 38th session of the Human Rights Council.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.accessnow.org/internet-rights-in-focus-38thsession-of-the-united-nations-human-rights-council/(21.07.2021 g.).
3. Comprehensive Study on Cybercrime // John Sandage, et al. eds., United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2013. - P.63.
4. Council of Europe, Towards a protocol to the Budapest Convention, 19 March 2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rm.coe.int/t-cy-pdpubsummary-v6/1680795713 (21.07.2021 g.).
5. Countering the use of information and communication technologies for criminal purposes. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/press/en/2018/ga12107.doc.htm (21.07.2021 g.).
6. Grauman B. Cyber-security: The vexed questions of global rules. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.mcafee.com/us/resources/reports/rpsda-cyber-security.pdf?cid=WBB048 (21.07.2021 g.).
7. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.coe.int/en/web/cybercrime/the-budapestconvention(21.07.2021 g.).
8. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.unodc.org/documents/organized-crime/cybercrime/Cybercrime_Study_Russian.pdf (21.07.2021 g.).
9. McKune S., An Analysis of the International Code of Conduct for Information Security, Citizen Lab, 28 September 2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://citizenlab.ca/2015/09/international-codeof-conduct (21.07.2021 g.).
10. OECD, OECD principles for internet policy making, 2014. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.oecd.org/sti/ieconomy/oecd-principlesfor- internet-policy-making.pdf (21.07.2021 g.).
11. Schmitt, M. Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare, 2013.
12. Stahl, William M. The Uncharted Waters of Cyberspace:Applying the Principles of International Maritime Law to the Problem of Cybersecurity // Georgia journal of international and comparative law. - 2011. - # 40.
13. The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/organizedcrime/ intro/UNTOC.html (21.07.2021 g.).
14. UN Doc. E/CN.15/2018/12, para 10.f.i-xiv.
15. UN Doc. E/CN.15/2018/12, para 15.
16. UN Doc. E/CN.15/2018/L.2/Rev.1, 16 May 2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://undocs.org/E/CN.15/2018/L.2/Rev.1.
17. UN Doc. E/CN.15/2018/L.3/Rev.1, 17 May 2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://undocs.org/E/CN.15/2018/L.3/REV.1.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Makoeva E. R., Kravtsova A. M.
Foreign experience in the prevention of juvenile delinquency
The main tasks of effective preventive activities with minors are relevant in any society precisely
due to the fact that this stratum is characterized by increased psychological lability, instability and lack of formation of moral values. Our country is no exception, and the most debatable and controversial problem is juvenile delinquency and its prevention. Preventive measures to prevent lawlessness among minors is a system of social, legal, pedagogical and other measures aimed at identifying and eliminating the causes and conditions that contribute to antisocial actions of adolescents. In the presented study, the authors attempt to systematize the conditions, factors, features of effective counteraction to crimes committed by minors, and also conduct a small comparative analysis with foreign legislation in the field of juvenile delinquency.
Keywords: minors, illegal actions, employees of internal affairs bodies, prevention, criminal, deviant behavior, personal characteristics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rezoljucija General'noj Assamblei OON 40/33 ot 29.11.1985. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/beijing_rules.shtml.
2. Berestnev Ju. Rossijskaja pravovaja sistema i evropejskie standarty // Rossijskaja justicija. - 2001. -# 1. - S. 16-17.
3. Konovalova I. A. Opyt bor'by s prestupnost'ju nesovershennoletnih v Evrope i SShA // Advokat. -2007. - # 12. - S. 59-69.
4. Makoeva E. R., Mazdogova Z. Z. O nekotoryh osobennostjah nesovershennoletnih prestupnikov. // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 9 (148).- S. 225-227.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Shumal V. I., Grechko A. A., Perebeynosov M. S.
Some aspects of corruption
The purpose of the study is to analyze legislation to establish the minimum amount of bribes. Research objectives: to analyze the current legislation, the views of scientists, prevailing in the scientific literature and judicial practice on this issue.
Research hypothesis: the absence of a clearly defined minimum bribe in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation distorts the legal consciousness of citizens, who sometimes do not even notice that they are committing a crime in order to avoid going through certain official procedures. Research methods: analysis, synthesis, induction. The result of the research: the author has formed a position that the absence in the legislation of the Russian Federation of a clearly established minimum amount of a bribe does not make it possible to use it as a criterion for determining the degree of public danger when distinguishing between petty bribery and an insignificant act.
Keywords: bribe, petty bribery, insignificance of the act, qualification.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks RF ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 17.06.1996 g. – # 25.– St. 2954.
2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. Chast' vtoraja: Federal'nyj zakon ot 26.01.1996 # 1 4-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 29.01.1996. – # 5. – St. 410.
3. Prigovor Kirovskogo rajonnogo suda g. Mahachkaly# 1-478/2016 ot 27 ijulja 2016 g. po delu # 1-478/2016.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/L7gpylb7tjNX/.
4. Prigovor Mirovogo sud'i sudebnogo uchastka # 126 Bogatovskogo sudebnogo rajona (Samarskaja oblast') ot 13.06.2017 po delu # 1-44/2017. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/magistrate/doc/YI7uXyDX3tLx/.
5. Prigovor Mirovogo sud'i sudebnogo uchastka #19 Gornomarijskogo sudebnogo rajona (Respublika Marij Jel) ot 15.06.2017 po delu # 1-29/2017.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudact.ru/magistrate/doc/FygfQk67USdR/.
6. Sharapov R. D. Maloznachitel'nost' vzjatochnichestva // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2017. – # 12.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Shogenov Z. A., Karachaev A. R.
Features and types of remote fraud
This work is devoted to the peculiarities of remote crimes through remote access using remote technologies and the Internet that infringe on someone else’s property. Certain types of distance
crimes, their features and methods of protection against such unlawful actions are indicated. The
proportion of such crimes and the ways they are committed are increasing every year in the overall structure of crime, which poses a real threat to the national security of the country, since they are increasingly acquiring a transnational organized character.
Keywords: remote fraud, online store, phishing, internet, hyperlink, personal data.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
2. Gavrilin Ju. V. Jelektronnye nositeli informacii v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve// Trudy Akademii upravlenija MVD Rossii. - 2017. - # 4.
3. Mogunova M. M. Tehnologija osushhestvlenija i pravovaja reglamentacija nezakonnogo ovladenija personal'nymi bankovskimi dannymi (fishing) // Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj juridicheskoj akademii. - 2020. - # 4.
4. Osobennosti kvalifikacii prestuplenij protiv sobstvennosti, sovershaemyh posredstvom mobil'noj svjazi i seti «Internet». Uchebnoe posobie // E.N. Barhatova. - Irkutsk, 2017.
5. Statisticheskie dannye o sostojanii prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii. FKU «GTAC MVD Rossii», 2020 (janvar'-ijun' 2020 g.).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Urusov Z. Kh., Kodzokov B. V.
Drug smuggling: features of counteraction
One of the main priority areas of activity of the law enforcement agencies of the Russian Federation is the control over the turnover of drugs and shutting the channels of drug smuggling
to the territory of the country. The problem of drug smuggling today is an acute problem for law
enforcement and financial resources in general. Even despite the closure of the state border in
connection with the coronavirus infection (COVID-19), the flow of drugs in the country has decreased, and therefore the problem requires the use of effective measures to counter the import of drugs to the territory of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: drug trafficking, smuggling, narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances.
Work bibliographic list
1. Egorov R. P. Otdel'nye voprosy protivodejstvija prestupnosti, svjazannoj s nezakonnym oborotom narkoticheskih sredstv // Nauchnye dostizhenija i otkrytija 2021: sbornik statej XVIII Mezhd. nauchno-issledovatel'skogo konkursa. - Penza, 2021.
2. Rezul'taty pravoohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti podrazdelenij Federal'noj tamozhennoj sluzhby.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://customs.gov.ru/activity/pravooxranitel-naya-deyatelnost-/informacziya-glavnogo-upravleniya-po-bor-be-skontrabandoj/document/263689.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Bulygin A. V., Bulygina Yu. Ya.
Determination of the period of familiarization with the materials of the criminal case: certain aspects of the implementation of Part 3 of Article 217 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation
The Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation provides for a mechanism for establishing a certain period of time for the accused and his defender to get acquainted with the materials of the criminal case if there are signs of an obvious delay in getting acquainted with the relevant materials (Part 3 of Article 217 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation). The specified norm of procedural legislation uses an evaluation category (“explicit”), in connection with which it requires the development of unified approaches, criteria that should be guided by the participants of criminal proceedings on the part of the defense when studying the materials of a criminal case, and the investigative bodies and the court - when applying for a time limit for familiarization and its resolution.
This article attempts to identify the circumstances that the courts take into account when resolving the relevant petitions.
Keywords: criminal procedure, time limit, familiarization with the materials of the criminal case, the right to defense.
Work bibliographic list
1. Garmaev Ju.P. Processual'nye sposoby protivodejstvija zatjagivaniju ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva. Prakticheskoe posobie. Irkutsk – Ulan-Udje, 2005.
2. Guidelines on how to drive change towards Cyberjustice. Stock-taking of tools deployed and summary of good practices. Document prepared by the CEPEJ-GT-QUAL on the basis of the preparatory work of Mr Harold EPINEUSE, scientific expert (France). As adopted at the 28th meeting of the CEPEJ on 7 December 2016. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rm.coe.int/16807482de (data obrashhenija: 10.08.2021 g.)
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Levchenko O. V.
On the issue of the separation of criminal and criminal procedure law
The article is devoted to the modern problems of separation of criminal and criminal procedure law. Without denying the connection of these branches, a certain independence of procedural law is noted, which implies its isolation. Having considered the well-known criteria of separation, the author suggests introducing two more into scientific circulation: the difference of legal relations in the branches of substantive and procedural law; trends towards self-development of the isolated branch of law. A synergetic approach to the study of branches of law will allow us to take a fresh look at a number of institutions that do not meet the modern conditions of society, and their further self-development is required. The article concludes that although there is a
visible relationship between criminal and criminal procedure law (but not interdependence), they are two separate branches of Russian law that exist, fulfilling their goals and objectives.
Keywords: branch of law, substantive and procedural law, criteria for the separation of branches of law, legal relations, selfdevelopment of branches of law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Balandin V.N. Principy juridicheskogo processa:dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Samara, 1998.
2. Buzun E.V. Processual'noe pravo v sisteme rossijskogo prava // Juridicheskie nauki: problemy i perspektivy: materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – Perm': Merkurij,2012. – S. 3.
3. Kriger G.A., Kuznecova N.F. Novoe ugolovnoe zakonodatel'stvo i ego nauchno-prakticheskoe znachenie// Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1983. – # 2. – S.75.
4. Kurdjuk G.P. Otrasl' prava kak jelement sistemy prava (teoretiko-pravovoe issledovanie): avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Krasnodar, 2004.
5. Serkov P.P. K voprosu o sovremennom ponimanii juridicheskogo processa // Vestnik Universiteta imeni O. E. Kutafina. – 2015. – # 8. – S. 88.
6. Stepin V. Tipologija nauchnoj racional'nosti i sinergetika // Fіlosofіja osvіtiju. – 2017. – # 1 (20).– S. 10.
7. Teorija juridicheskogo processa / pod obshh. red. V.M. Gorsheneva. – Har'kov, 1985.
8. Ufimcev E.V. Razvitie idej o kriterijah razgranichenija otraslej prava v sovetskoj i sovremennoj rossijskoj juridicheskoj nauke // Juridicheskie issledovanija. – 2015. – # 4. – S. 138.
9. Halfina R.O. Metodologicheskij aspekt teorii pravootnoshenija // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo.– 1971. – # 10. – S. 24.
10. Shagieva R.V. Processual'noe pravo v sisteme rossijskogo prava // Administrativnoe pravo i praktika administrirovanija. – 2014. – # 2. – S. 18.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Gaydarov A. A., Radjabov Sh. R.
The accused in the criminal process: rights and obligations, the main problems of their implementation
The article deals with the problems of exercising the rights and obligations of the accused in criminal proceedings. With the adoption of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, the legislator made an attempt to emphasize the purpose of criminal proceedings on the priority protection of the rights and interests of the individual (Article 6). At the same time, some provisions of the criminal procedure law of the Russian Federation, despite numerous changes and additions to its content that occurred after the introduction of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation into force, still do not fully comply with the Constitution of the Russian Federation, as well as the generally recognized principles and norms of international law, as well as international treaties of the Russian Federation, which, by virtue of Part 4 of Article 15 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, are an integral part of its legal system.
Keywords: legal proceedings, the accused, rights and obligations, the criminal procedure code, problems of criminal proceedings.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Bozrov V. M. Dejstvujushhij UPK ogranichivaet pravo obvinjaemogo na zashhitu // Rossijskaja justicija.- 1999. - # 12. - S. 25.
3. Kozhevnikov L. L. Objazannosti obvinjaemogo: ponjatie, vidy, problemy pravovoj reglamentacii i obespechenija uslovij nadlezhashhego vypolnenija:avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk. - Samara, 2003.
[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Kozlov A. Spornye voprosy dopuska «inogo lica» v kachestve zashhitnika obvinjaemogo // Rossijskaja justicija. - 2003. - # 9. - S. 37.
5. Levi A. A., Ignat'eva V. M., Kapica E. I. Osobennosti predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija prestuplenij, osushhestvljaemogo s uchastiem advokata. - M.:«Jurlitinfom», 2003. - S. 19-20.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Gutieva I. G.
Problems of state protection of officials and participants in criminal proceedings
The development of the Russian legal system and mechanisms for the protection of human rights is largely focused not only on the restoration of the rights of victims, but also on the prevention of criminal encroachments against persons who are of particular interest in the context of criminal proceedings or function in certain areas of professional activity that generate risks of negative impact on them from the outside. In this context, the mechanisms for ensuring the security of the aforementioned persons acquire particular importance, since their full-fledged functioning is the key to successful disclosure, investigation and judicial resolution of criminal cases, as well as effective professional activity in certain areas. This article is devoted to the disclosure of the basic concepts, subjects and grounds for the implementation of state protection of individuals and officials.
Keywords: state protection, security, legal basis, institution, subjects, authorized persons.
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 31.12.2004# 900 «Ob utverzhdenii perechnja kategorij gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh sluzhashhih, podlezhashhih gosudarstvennoj zashhite» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2005. – # 2. – St. 158.
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. Ot 30.04.2021, s izm. ot 13.05.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2001. – # 52 (ch. I). – St. 4921;2021. – # 18. – St. 3055.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 20.04.1995 # 45-FZ «O gosudarstvennoj zashhite sudej, dolzhnostnyh lic pravoohranitel'nyh i kontrolirujushhih organov» (red. ot 05.04.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 1995. – # 17. – St. 1455; 2021. – # 15(Chast' I). – St. 2439.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 20.08.2004 # 119-FZ «O gosudarstvennoj zashhite poterpevshih, svidetelej i inyh uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva» (red. ot 07.02.2017) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2004. – # 34. – St. 3534; 2017. – # 7. – St. 1026.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Erina K. A., Novikov D. S.
Role of using video conferencing during interrogation at the stage of preliminary investigation of corruption
The article is devoted to some problems of determining the role to introduce remote interrogation at the pre-trial stage of the criminal process. Authors share current information on corruption manifestations in the Russian Federation. These data indicate the need to develop a new effective mechanism for law enforcement work.
Keywords: corruption, corruption crimes, fight against corruption, innovation, investigative actions, videoconferencing.
Work bibliographic list
1. Pershin A. N. Cifrovye prava lic, osushhestvljajushhih predvaritel'noe rassledovanie // Vestnik Universiteta imeni O. E. Kutafina (MGJuA). – 2021. – # 2 (78). – S. 110.
2. Pletnikova D. S., Semenov E. A. K voprosu ispol'zovanija videokonferencsvjazi pri proizvodstve doprosa // Vestnik Ural'skogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2021. – # 1.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Nazarkin E. V., Suleymanov T. A., Zakharova S. S.
Features of the working stage of the inspection of the scene of the incident during the investigation of a crime in the field of computer information
Тhis article discusses the features of the working stage of the inspection of the scene of the incident during the investigation of a crime in the field of computer information. Separate tactical recommendations of the working stage of the inspection of the scene of the incident, the possibility of further investigation of the traces obtained during its conduct, information and verification of investigative versions through the appointment and conduct of various forensic examinations are proposed.
Keywords: working stage, inspection of the scene, computers, investigator, specialist, forensic examination.
Work bibliographic list
1. Osipenko A. L. Bor'ba s prestupnost'ju v global'nyh komp'juternyh setjah: mezhdunarodnyj opyt. –M.: Norma, 2004. – 432 s.
2. Rossinskaja E. R. Sudebnaja jekspertiza v grazhdanskom, arbitrazhnom, administrativnom i ugolovnom processe. – M.: Norma, 2005. – 656 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Zharko N. V., Roman E. M.
Criminal-legal and criminalistic means of countering illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their analogues: current state, problems, issues and ways to solve them
Тhe article examines the current state of countering the illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their analogues by criminal and forensic means. Based on the analysis of current statistical data, theoretical concepts of legal scientists on the issue under study, the authors formulate a number of problems and offer recommendations for their solution.
Keywords: criminal-legal means, criminalistic means, counteraction, illegal traffic, narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 23 nojabrja 2020 g. # 733 «Ob utverzhdenii Strategii gosudarstvennoj antinarkoticheskoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2030 goda» // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Grishin D. A. Narushenie principa zakonnosti pri proizvodstve rassledovanija: pravovye i nepravovye posledstvija // Aktual'nye problemy juridicheskoj nauki i praktiki: vzgljad molodyh uchenyh: sbornik materialov VIII nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii molodyh uchenyh Akademii General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii.– 2016. – S. 250-257.
3. Danilova I. Ju., Zharko N. V., Novikova L. V. Planirovanie kak neobhodimaja sostavljajushhaja rassledovanija penitenciarnogo prestuplenija// Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. –# 10 (149). – S. 228-230.
4. Suvorova M. Ju. Problemy ugolovno-pravovogo protivodejstvija nezakonnomu oborotu narkoticheskih sredstv, psihotropnyh veshhestv, ih analogov i prekursorov // Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. – 2016. – # 9-1.
5. Judin P. A. Aktual'nye problemy ugolovno-pravovogo protivodejstvija nezakonnomu oborotu narkoticheskih sredstv, psihotropnyh veshhestv i ih prekursorov // Obshhestvo i pravo. – 2017. – # 2 (60).
6. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://crimestat.ru/offenses_chart (data obrashhenija:24.05.2021).
7. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://narcorehab.com/articles/statistika-narkomanii-vrossii-2020-2021 (data obrashhenija: 24.05.2021).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Kovalenko E. V.
Use of the results of OSA as evidence in a criminal case
The main part of criminal procedural activity is the process of proving - an activity that is aimed at establishing the circumstances to be proved, and gaining knowledge about the past using logical techniques and methods (using the laws of formal and dialectical logic), that is, as the unity of the mental and practical activities of the subjects of evidence. To achieve this goal, we must be sure that the means of proof - evidence - have all the necessary properties and characteristics listed in paragraph 1 of Art. 88 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: criminal procedural legislation, the results of the OSA, operational search activity, evidence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Petrova D. S. Problema ispol'zovanija rezul'tatov neglasnyh operativno-rozysknyh meroprijatija v dokazyvanii po ugolovnym delam // Molodoj uchenyj. - 2019. - # 40. - S. 101-106.
2. Savonjuk R. E. Aktual'nye problemy ispol'zovanija rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti v ugolovno-processual'nom dokazyvanii po ugolovnym delam / R. E. Savonjuk // Pravo i zakon.- 2018. - # 2. - S. 10-15.
3. Hatuaeva V. V., Zarjaev V. A. Doktrinal'nye problemy ispol'zovanija rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti v dokazyvanii po ugolovnym delam // Sovr. pravo. - 2017. - # 9.
4. Shvec A. V., Saltykov K. G. Osobennosti interpretacionnogo funkcionirovanija ponjatija «rezul'taty operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti» // Ros. sledovatel'. - 2014. - # 19.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Lukyanov E. V.
About some guarantees of legal activity at the stage of admission of a lawyer as a defender: the practice of Russian courts and the European Court of Human Rights
The article considers the guarantees of the lawyer’s activity in criminal proceedings, examines the relevant practice of the Russian courts and the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). It is concluded that non-compliance with the norms of the law establishing guarantees of advocacy is considered as non-compliance of the proceedings with the basic principles of criminal proceedings.
Keywords: lawyer, defender, guarantees of legal activity, listening, attorney-client privilege.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Medizhov R. K., Radjabov Sh. R.
The mechanism of pre-trial adoption of an indictment: problems of theory and practice
The article considers the process of development of preliminary investigation in criminal law. There are still gaps in the regulatory regulation of the preliminary investigation, which gives rise to unresolved theoretical and law enforcement problems. They are considered in this article. In addition, on the basis of the conducted research, the author suggests ways to resolve them.
Each criminal offense is investigated by the authorized structures of law enforcement agencies in the form of an inquiry or investigative actions, the purpose of which is to find the perpetrators and collect evidence. As practice shows, during such events, there is a high probability of violating the rights of citizens suspected of illegal actions. A good criminal lawyer will help prevent their occurrence and minimize possible negative consequences.
Each stage of the investigation of a criminal offense has common norms for all law enforcement agencies involved in the case.
However, they differ according to the rules of conducting in each specific case.
Keywords: preliminary investigation, criminal offense, inquiry, development of the investigation process.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021)[Jelektronnyj resurs] // Dostup iz spravochno-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus»
2. Bagmet, A. M. Sledovatel' — sud'ja na dosudebnoj stadii // Rassledovanie prestuplenij: problemy i puti ih reshenija : sbornik nauch.-prakt. trudov Akademii Sledstvennogo komiteta Rossii. Vyp. 4. M.,2014. S. 337.
3. Koni, A. F. Istorija razvitija ugolovno-processual'nogo zakonodatel'stva v Rossii // Sobr. soch. M., 1967. T. 4. S. 465
4. Cvetkov, Ju. A. Processual'naja samostojatel'nost' kak problema formirovanija professional'nogo myshlenija // Rassledovanie prestuplenij: problemy i puti ih reshenija. Vyp. 4. M., 2014. S. 376.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Prokhorova T. L.
Problems of defining the concept of temporary suspension from office
It is difficult to overestimate the significance of the considered measure of criminal procedural coercion, since it allows minimizing the negative impact of the suspect (accused) on the criminal proceedings without restricting such an important constitutional right as freedom of movement.
The article examines some views and the nature of temporary suspension from office, proposes to formulate a definition of temporary suspension from office in order to avoid mistakes when applying these coercive measures in law enforcement practice.
Keywords: coercion, removal from office, concepts, official, criminal proceedings.
Work bibliographic list
1. Asalieva D. R. Mery ugolovno-processual'nogo prinuzhdenija // Aktual'nye problemy prava i upravlenija glazami molodezhi: materialy nauchnoj konferencii. - Tula, 2017. - C. 45.
2. Bikmiev R. G. Osnovanija primenenija vremennogo otstranenija ot dolzhnosti // Aktual'nye problemy jekonomiki i prava. - 2015. - # 1. - S. 259.
3. Vandyshev V. V. Ugolovnyj process. - SPb., 2018.
4. Kommentarij k Ugolovno-processual'nomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii / pod red. V. T. Tomina, M. P. Poljakova. - M., 2017. - S. 315.
5. Nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij k Ugolovno-processual'nomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii / pod red. V. M. Lebedeva, V. P. Bozh'eva. - M., 2018. - C. 251.
6. Ryzhakov A. P. Ugolovnyj process. - M., 2017.
7. Ugolovnyj process / pod. red. B. B. Bulatova, A. M. Baranova. - M., 2017.
8. Chashin A. N. Ugolovno-processual'nye mery prinuzhdenija. - M., 2016.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V., Zakharova S. S.
Application of the principles of criminal procedure in the investigation of penitentiary crimes
The article examines the application of the principles of criminal procedure in the investigation of penitentiary crimes. Most of the principles enshrined in Chapter 2 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation can be implemented in conditions of deprivation of liberty. At the same time, some principles, due to the special status of a convicted person in a correctional institution, cannot be implemented (inviolability of the home, secrecy of correspondence, inviolability of the person). The fact of a person’s conviction cannot serve as a basis for restricting the rights of the person in respect of whom the audit is being conducted.
Keywords: principles of criminal proceedings, features of their application in relation to suspects, accused persons from among the convicted, legality, administration of the criminal court, implementation of the principles of criminal proceedings at the pre-trial stages.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz Minjusta RF ot 11 ijulja 2006 g. # 250 «Ob utverzhdenii Instrukcii o prieme, registracii i proverke v uchrezhdenijah i organah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy soobshhenij o prestuplenijah i proisshestvijah».
2. Akchurin A. V. Rassledovanie prestuplenij, sovershaemyh v uchrezhdenijah i organah ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy: monografija pod obshh. red. A. V. Akchurina; Feder. sluzhba ispoln. nakazanij, Akad. prava i upr. Feder. sluzhby ispoln. nakazanij. - Rjazan': Akad. prava i upr. FSIN Rossii, 2015. - 130 s.
3. Bryljakov S. P. Osobennosti realizacii otdel'nyh principov ugolovnogo processa pri proverke soobshhenij o prestuplenijah v otnoshenii lic, otbyvajushhih nakazanija v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah //Vestnik Kuzbasskogo instituta. - 2018. - # 2 (35). - S. 108.
4. Mispahov S. A. Ponjatie principov ugolovnogo processa i ih znachenie. // Zakon i pravo. - 2020. - # 3. - S.116-117. doi: 10.24411/2073-3313-2020-10133.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Fayrushina R. D.
Organization of prosecutor’s supervision in the process of implementing a preliminary investigation in the form of inquiry (based on the materials of the territorial body)
The article discusses the problematic aspects that arise in the process of implementing a preliminary investigation in the form of inquiry. Such problems are associated with the departmental procedural control, which for objective reasons is not able to prevent, identify and eliminate all violations of criminal procedure norms. Other elements of the mechanism of legality ensure, among which the special place belongs to the Prosecutor’s supervision.
Keywords: inquiry, preliminary investigation, body of inquiry, investigator, prosecutor’s supervision.
Work bibliographic list
1. O praktike primenenija sudami zakonodatel'stva o merah presechenija v vide zakljuchenija pod strazhu, domashnego aresta i zaloga: postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 19 dekabrja 2013 g. # 41// Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. ‒ # 2. Fevral'.‒ 2014.
2. Naumov A. M. Zakonodatel'noe zakreplenie ponjatija prokurorskogo nadzora za processual'noj dejatel'nost'ju organov doznanija i predvaritel'nogo sledstvija // Uchenye zapiski. ‒ 2016. ‒ T. 2. ‒ # 4 (20).‒S. 68-75.
3. Lobanova A.V. Zaderzhanie podozrevaemogo kak mera processual'nogo prinuzhdenija // Pravo i zakonnost': voprosy teorii i praktiki. Sbornik materialov VIII Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii aspirantov i studentov. Nauchnyj redaktor D.B. Sergeev. ‒ 2018. ‒ S. 134-137.
4. Statisticheskie dannye Prokuratury RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://genproc.gov.ru/stat/ (data obrashhenija: 20.01.2021).
5. Ugolovnoe delo # ****121, vozbuzhdennoe v otnoshenii A. v OMVD Rossii po Beljaevskomu rajonu Orenburgskoj oblasti 2020 goda.
6. Shipunova O. V. Prodlenie srokov pri rassledovanii ugolovnyh del v sokrashhennoj forme doznanija// Sovremennye nauchnye issledovanija i razrabotki. ‒ 2017. ‒ # 2 (10). ‒ S. 446-447.
7. Rossinskij S.B. Poterpevshij: problemy ugolovno-processual'nogo statusa // Jurist"-Pravoved".‒ 2020. ‒ # 3 (94). ‒ S. 69-75.
8. Materialy sluzhebnoj proverki # 87** ‒2019 g. V otnoshenii doznavatelja M. gruppy doznanija OMVD Rossii po Beljaevskomu rajonu Orenburgskoj oblasti.
9. Shikieva D.Sh. Zakljuchenie pod strazhu kak mera presechenija: problemy, prakticheskaja realizacija// Problemy sovershenstvovanija zakonodatel'stva. Sbonik nauchnyh statej studentov juridicheskogo fakul'teta. Mahachkala, ‒ 2019. ‒ S. 409-412.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Bevz L. V.
Improving the technical security of the objects of the UIS as one of the means of ensuring the regime
The subject of the article is the legal, organizational and practical problems of equipping the institutions of the UIS with new integrated security systems. The author highlights the goals of the systems under consideration and highlights the tasks, and also gives the author’s definition of the concept of “Integrated security system”.
The article reveals the aspects of the technical security of UIS facilities, as one of the many means of ensuring the regime, and the author confirms this with departmental statistical data.
The author also highlights the main directions of improving the technical security of objects of the penal enforcement system, while not forgetting the issues of training specialists with the necessary qualifications for servicing this equipment, improving the general education and professional level of specialists in engineering and technical support, and issues of interaction with local authorities, law enforcement agencies, public organizations, religious denominations, which is undoubtedly relevant in the modern transformation of the penal enforcement system of Russia.
Keywords: integrated security systems, penitentiary crime, convicts, regime means, organizational and legal mechanism, prevention, crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Minkova E.A., Gorkina S.A. Organizacionno-upravlencheskie faktory, determinirujushhie nasil'stvennuju prestupnost' v ispravitel'nyh kolonijah // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2017. # 3(106). S. 226-227.
2. Gorkina S.A., Kashirskij K.V. Organizacionno-pravovoj mehanizm preduprezhdenija proniknovenija v ispravitel'nye uchrezhdenija zapreshhennyh predmetov kak osnovopolagajushhij aspekt profilaktiki pravonarushenij // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2017. # 8 (111). S. 266-267.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Belova E. Yu.
On the issue of international penitentiary standards
The article is devoted to international penitentiary standards. It gives a brief description of them. The possibilities of implementing the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights are being considered. The conclusion is made about the importance of the changes made to Article 79 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: convict, convict’s rights, deprivation of liberty, penal enforcement system, international standards, international penitentiary standards, European Court of Human Rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Delo «Grishin (Grishin) protiv Rossijskoj Federacii» (zhaloba # 30983/02): postanovlenie ESPCh ot 15.11.2007 (§ 76) // Rossijskaja hronika Evropejskogo suda. Prilozhenie k «Bjulletenju Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka». Special'nyj vypusk. – 2008. – # 4. – S. 121-133.
2. Delo «Pahomov (Pakhomov) protiv Rossijskoj Federacii» (zhaloba # 44917/08): postanovlenie ESPCh ot 30.09.2010 (§ 62) // Rossijskaja hronika Evropejskogo suda. Prilozhenie k «Bjulletenju Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka». Special'nyj vypusk. – 2011. – # 3. – S. 104-121.
3. Belova E.Ju. Organizacionno-pravovye osnovy dejatel'nosti ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij, svjazannye s prinuditel'nym pitaniem speckontingenta, s uchetom mezhdunarodnyh standartov // Juridicheskaja mysl'. – 2017. – # 6 (104). – S. 63-67.
4. Belova E.Ju., Baranova Ja.A. K voprosu o problemah sobljudenija v Rossijskoj Federacii Evropejskih penitenciarnyh standartov // Sovremennaja penitenciarnaja sistema Rossijskogo gosudarstva : ot teorii k praktike i mezhdunarodnym standartam: sb.tez. dokl. uchastnikov mezhvuz. nauchn.-prakt. konf. (g. Pskov, 23 okt. 2020 g.). – Pskov: Pskovskij filial Akademii FSIN Rossii, 2021. – S. 15-17.
5. Vedomosti Verhovnogo Soveta SSSR. – 1976. – # 17.– St. 291.
6. Vedomosti Verhovnogo Soveta SSSR. – 1976. – # 17.– St. 291.
7. Gel'dibaev M.H., Nikitin D.A., Belova E.Ju. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye aspekty pitanija osuzhdennyh, lishennyh svobody // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskoj juridicheskoj akademii. – 2018. – # 3 (40). – S. 77-81.
8. Kovalenko S. I. Teoretiko-prakticheskie aspekty jevoljucionnogo tolkovanija evropejskoj konvencii o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod v praktike Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka:dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2019. – 232 s.
9. Mezhdunarodnaja zashhita prav i svobod cheloveka. Sbornik dokumentov. – M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1990. – S. 290-311, 319-325.
10. Seliverstov V.I. Evropejskie penitenciarnye standarty: problemy ih sobljudenija v Rossii //Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo lingvisticheskogo universiteta. Obrazovanie i pedagogiche- skie nauki. – 2020. – # 4 (837). – S. 287-296.
11. Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. – 1999. –# 13. – St. 1489.
12. Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. – 2001. –# 2. – St. 163.
13. Bernard S. M., An Eye For An Eye: The Current Status of International Law on the Humane Treatment of Prisoners // Rutgers Law Journal. – 1994. – Vol. 25. Issue: 3. – Pr. 759-798.
14. Lord Hoffmann The Universality of Human Rights: Judicial Studies Board Annual Lecture, 19 marta 2009g. R. 36. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/announcements/speechby-lord-hoffmann-the-universality-of-human-rights.(Data obrashhenija: 05.09.2021 g.).
15. Miller N. D. International Protection of the Rights of Prisoners: Is Solitary Confinement in the United States a Violation of International Standards? //California Western International Law Journal. 1995.Vol. 26. – # 1. – Art. 6. – R. 139-172.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Vasilenko S. N.
Conditions and factors affecting the safety of the penitentiary system personnel
Despite the positive dynamics of the development of the penitentiary system of the Russian Federation, in accordance with the adopted Concept of the development of the penitentiary system until 2030, in the last few years there has been a tendency to increase the violation of the security level of the staff of correctional institutions of the penitentiary system, as well as the state of law and order in them.
The increased activity and aggressiveness of the criminal world are manifested especially clearly in places of detention, where the most negative elements of society are concentrated. Thus, according to the departmental statistical reports of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia for 2020, 323 cases of violence by suspects, accused and convicted persons were registered against the staff of correctional institutions and pre-trial detention centers (APPG – 296).
Keywords: safety of correctional workers, security measures, preventive measures, isolation implementation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 08.01.1997 # 1-FZ (red. ot 11.06.2021).
2. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyj kodeks RF. – M., 1997 // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 1997. – # 9. – St. st. 9, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86.
3. Zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 21.07.1993 # 5473 «Ob uchrezhdenijah i organah ispolnjajushhih ugolovnye nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://legalacts.ru/doc/zakonrf-ot-21071993-n-5473-1-ob/.
4. O bezopasnosti: Federal'nyj zakon ot 28 dekabrja 2010g. # 390-FZ // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2010. – 29 dekabrja.
5. Prikaz Ministerstva justicii RF ot 16 dekabrja 2016g. # 295 «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil vnutrennego rasporjadka ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/71477278/ (data obrashhenija:
27.07.2021).
6. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 29 aprelja 2021 g.# 1138-r Ob utverzhdenii Koncepcii razvitija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy RF na period do 2030g.
7. Metodicheskie rekomendacii po organizacii vospitatel'noj raboty v Samarskom juridicheskom institute FSIN Rossii. – Samara: Samarskij juridicheskij institut FSIN Rossii, 2004. – S. 21-22.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: (data obrashhenija: 14.03.2021).
8. Obespechenie bezopasnosti ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij: uchebnoe posobie / R. Z. Useev. – Samara: Samarskij juridicheskij institut FSIN Rossii, 2015. – 33
9. Otchjot o rezul'tatah operativno-sluzhebnoj dejatel'nosti otdelov bezopasnosti (rezhima i nadzora) ispravitel'nyh kolonij, LIU, LPU, VK, tjurem, SIZO, otdelov rezhima i nadzora territorial'nyh organov FSIN Rossii, za 2020 god. (data obrashhenija:
22.07.2021).
10. Oficial'nyj sajt FSIN Rossii, statisticheskie dannye. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://fsin.gov.ru/statistics/obzor-informatsii-fsin-rossiiza-i-kvartal-2021-goda-/ (data obrashhenija: 22.07.2021).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Girenok G. A., Sergeenko A. E.
Special features of inmates’ employment in prisons of Great Britain
In the article the author analyses the special features of employment of the prisoners and its influence on their resocialization. It has recently become a fairly large and topical problem, that is discussed at different levels of government. Resocialization can be presented in the form of a multi-component program for preparation, adaptation of inmates to life outside the walls of penal institutions after release.
Labor resocialization of inmates occupies a rightful place in this program. The article explores an example of successful cooperation between Her Majesty’s Prison and Probation Service and Redemption Roasters. The author concludes that employment in places of deprivation of liberty is not only an opportunity to compensate for the damage caused by a crime, but also an opportunity to acquire a new profession, a place of work that has a positive effect on the process of resocialization.
Keywords: resocialization, employment of inmates, decreases in recidivism, restore professional skills and abilities, private enterprises
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Milova I. E., Azarkhin A. V., Evtushenko K. A.
Criminal legal characteristics of crimes of non-payment of taxes on an especially large scale
The article deals with the issues of the criminal-legal assessment of the evasion from the payment of obligatory taxes and fees from organizations provided by the Russian legislation, as well as other tax crimes ensuring the collection of arrears. Particular attention is paid to the procedure for calculating large and especially large amounts of tax evasion, the interpretation of the object and subject of these crimes, the moment the encroachments end, the circumstances qualifying them.
Keywords: tax crimes, taxes, liability for tax evasion.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993. M.: Jeksmo, 2013.
2. Nalogovyj kodeks RF. Pervaja chast' ot 31.07.1998:Federal'nyj zakon RF # 108-FZ ot 07.06.2013. M.:Jeksmo, 2013. 673 s.
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks RF ot 13.06.1996: Federal'nyj zakon RF # 59-FZ ot 05.04.2013. M.: Jeksmo, 2013. 253 s.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Ulendeeva N. I.
Problems of regulating the responsibility of convicts to compulsory labor
The article analyzes the problematic issues of regulating the execution of punishments in the form of mandatory work; considers the main directions of the emergence of procedural difficulties when convicted persons are responsible for violations of the procedure for performing mandatory work: not timely arrival at an organization or institution, refusal of the proposed public useful work, not obeying the requirements of the inspection staff while the convict’s personal file is being considered by the judicial authorities.
Keywords: correctional institutions, compulsory work, responsibility, penal enforcement inspections, penitentiary, system
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: federal'nyj zakon RF ot 08.01.1997 #1-FZ (red. ot 11.06.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 1997. - # 2. - St. 198; 2019. - # 52 (ch. I).- St. 7812.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: federal'nyj zakon RF ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. -1996. - # 25. - St. 2954.
3. Porjadok otbyvanija ugolovnogo nakazanija v vide objazatel'nyh rabot: Oficial'nyj sajt UFSIN Rossii po Amurskoj oblasti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://28.fsin.gov.ru/prokuratura-razyasnyaet/poryadok-otbyvaniyaugolovnogo-nakazaniya-v-vide-obyazatelnykhrabot.php (data obrashhenija: 31.08.2021).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Cherezova M. A.
Social work with prisoners (foreign experience)
This article deals with the main directions of social work with prisoners abroad. The author examines the experience of foreign countries in the issue of social support and maintenance of prisoners in order to use this experience in the institutions of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: prisoners, social work, social worker.
Work bibliographic list
1. Cox W. B., Bixby F. L., Root W. T. (Eds.) Handbook of American prisons and reformatories. New York:Osborne Association/National Society of Penal Information/Welfare League Association, 1933. Vol. 1.
2. Martinson R. What works? Questions and answers about prison reform // Public Interest. 1974. 35. pp. 22-54.
3. National Society of Penal Information. Handbook of American prisons: Covering the prisons of the New England and Middle Atlantic States. New York: G.P.
Putnam’s Sons, 1925.
4. National Society of Penal Information. Handbook of American prisons: Covering the prisons of the New England and Middle Atlantic States. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1926.
5. Social Work Scotland. [Electronic resource]. – Access mode: https://socialworkscotland.org/projects/health-socialcare- prisons/ (accessed: 05.09.2021).
6. Stern L. Case work enters the prison // Prison Journal.1933. # 13 (2). pp. 1‒13.
7. Toi H. Professional Values and Conflict among Social Workers in Prisons: An Examination of Role Stress, Strain, and Job Satisfaction in Working with Inmates with Mental Illness and/or Substance Use Disorders: Doctoral Dissertation. 2015. [Electronic resource]. – Access mode:https://opencommons.uconn.edu/dissertations/992(accessed: 05.09.2021).
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Datsko N. I.
Features of solving crimes related to the illegal extraction of aquatic biological resources
The article deals with the peculiarities of solving crimes related to the illegal extraction of aquatic biological resources. Modern relations in the field of the use and protection of aquatic biological resources are characterized by progressive processes of criminalization, which are clearly manifested in the field of fish and other aquatic animals.
The increase in the scale of illegal water extraction fishing entails catastrophic consequences for the environment: the increasing rates of illegal predatory destruction of aquatic biological resources leads to the disappearance of valuable commercial and environmentally significant species of aquatic fauna and flora, deprives science of the ability to objectively determine the actual amount of removal of aquatic organisms from their habitat, predict the prospect of their legitimate fishing, measures to preserve their stocks.
The necessary prerequisites for the organization of an effective fight against crime are the identification of the features of determination, the establishment of the causes and conditions of this negative phenomenon, as well as the creation of a system to combat it.
Keywords: criminalistics, aquatic biological resources, illegal fishing, criminal liability, methods of struggle, illegal fishing.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ. [Jelektronnyj istochnik]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34481/ (data obrashhenija: 17.07.2021).
2. Bazhutov S. Bor'ba s nezakonnoj dobychej vodnyh biologicheskih resursov // Zakonnost'. - 2016. - # 12.- S. 35.
3. Kriminologija: ucheb. dlja vuzov / pod obshh. red. A. I.Dolgovoj. - M.: NORMA, 2015
4. Kadyrmetov M. A. Problemy primenenija ugolovno-pravovoj normy, predusmatrivajushhej otvetstvennost' za nezakonnuju dobychu (vylov) vodnyh biologicheskih resursov, i predlozhenija po ih razresheniju [Tekst] // Sledovatel'. - 2015. - # 7. - S. 81.
5. Suslova N. V. Problemy bor'by s pravonarushenijami v sfere rybolovstva i ohrany rybnyh zapasov.– V kn.: Pravovye problemy ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy / Pod red. Je. N. Zhevlakova. - M., 1998. - S. 219.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Shagieva G. R.
Linguistic evidence
The article reveals the content of the concept of forensic linguistic evidence, attention is paid to the study of linguistic evidence from vulnerable groups of the population, the conclusions of foreign scientists are given, the problems and limitations in this area are indicated in the article.
Keywords: forensic linguistics, applied linguistics, language, communication, linguist, forensic linguistic evidence, judicial stylistics, threat, vulnerable groups of the population.
Work bibliographic list
1. Centr po provedeniju sudebnyh jekspertiz i issledovanij Sudebnyj jekspert. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sudexpa.ru/expertises/vyiavlenie-lingvisticheskikh-priznakov-ugrozy/ (data obrashhenija: 27.08.2021).
2. Coulthard M. By Their Words Shall Ye Know Them:On Linguistic Identity. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https: //www.researchgate.net/publication/304551275 (data obrashhenija: 27.08.2021).
 
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Kodzokova L. A., Anikina N. E., Bezobrazova O. V.
Criteria and indicators for assessing the state of neglect of minors
The article discusses the main approaches to understanding the neglect of minors, compares the points of view of various authors on the definition of the concept. It is obvious that general criteria for assessing the state of neglect of minors have not been developed. The sources of the formation of this information are not accordingly determined. On the basis of theoretical and practical materials, the authors develop and substantiate a variant of criteria for assessing the state of neglect of minors: family-educational, delinquent, educational, medical and socio-economic. Each criterion is concretized by a number of indicators, the measurement of which does not require more time and money, does not significantly increase the workflow and reporting. The sources of obtaining information for assessing the indicators of departmental reporting have been identified.
Keywords: neglect, offences, minors, prevention, interaction, criteria, indicators.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bajborodova L. V., Chernjavskaja A. P. Metodologija i metody nauchnogo issledovanija: uchebnoe posobie. – Jaroslavl': RIO JaGPU, 2014. – 283 s.
2. Zaharova N. V. Pedagogicheskie uslovija profilaktiki besprizornosti i beznadzornosti detej i podrostkov v obshheobrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenijah i sem'e. Avtoref. … dis. kand. ped. nauk. –Nizhnij Novgorod, 2010. – 27 s.
3. Mardahaev L. V. Social'naja pedagogika. – M.:Gardariki, 2005. – 269 s.
4. Krivonosov A. N. Pravovye i organizacionnye osnovy profilaktiki beznadzornosti, besprizornosti i pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih organami vnutrennih del. Avtoref. … dis. kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2004. – 26 s.
5. Selivanova N. L. Innovacionnye otvety na sovremennye vyzovy vospitaniju (chitaja V. A. Karakovskogo) // Otechestvennaja i zarubezhnaja pedagogika. – 2017. – T. 2. – # 1 (36). – S. 16-25.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Koryagina S. A.
The need-motivational sphere of the personality of a minor criminal
The article analyzes the motives of criminal behavior of minors. The dominant motives of illegal behavior of adolescents are “risktaking”; “protest against the lifestyle of previous generations”; “self-affirmation”. There are also cases when aggressiveness, risk-taking, self-affirmation, protest, rebellion are intertwined in the motivation of adolescent crimes, i.e. a favorable environment for the development of terrorist and extremist motivation is formed. The proposed set of motives is of practical interest, since it characterizes the features of such criminal behavior of adolescents, which is expressed in a protest form regarding prohibitions on the part of adults on the one hand, on the other it is focused on overcoming barriers in interpersonal communication with peers. For effective preventive work with the personality of a minor, it is paramount to study and understand the true motives of illegal behavior of a person who initiates criminal activity.
Keywords: juvenile delinquents, motive, crimes, public safety, criminal behavior of adolescents.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonjan Ju. M. Osobennosti seksual'noj prestupnosti // Sovremennyj mir. –2000. – # 2 (27). – S. 140-146.
2. Al'manah «Transformacija cennostnyh orientacij v sovremennom obshhestve». Mat-ly: VI Orlovskih sociologicheskih chtenij. – V 2-h tomah. – T. 1.Pod obshhej red. N. V. Prokazinoj. – Orel: Izd-voOF RANHiGS, 2015. – Vypusk 7. – 192 s.
3. Giddens Je. Transformacija intimnosti: seksual'nost', ljubov' i jerotizm v sovremennyh obshhestvah.– SPb.: Piter, 2004.
4. Glushkova A. E. Social'no-filosofskij analiz vlijanija ideologii jekonomicheskogo liberalizma na institut sem'i // Gumanitarnyj vektor. –2010. –# 4 (24). – S. 55-59.
5. Gribunov O. P., Ishigeev V. S. Harakteristika lichnosti prestupnika, sovershajushhego krazhi na ob"ektah transporta // Kriminologicheskij zhurnal Bajkal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta jekonomiki i prava. – 2015. – T. 9, # 2. – S. 248-256. – 2015.– 9 (2). – S. 248-256.
6. Dumnova Je. M. Brachno-semejnye ustanovki molodezhi rossijskogo megapolisa: gendernyj aspekt (na primere Novosibirska) // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. – 2012. – # 363. – S. 47-50.
7. Kornakova S. V., Korjagina S. A. Sovremennye tendencii i prichiny korystnyh i korystno-nasil'stvennyh prestuplenij, sovershaemyh nesovershennoletnimi // Baikal Research Journal. – 2016. – T. 7.– # 2. – 2016. – 7 (2). – S. 21.
8. Leksin V. N. Ideologicheskie osnovy upadka sovremennogo instituta sem'i // Obshhestvennye nauki i sovremennost'. – 2011. – # 2. – S. 29-42.
9. Maulenov G. S. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika i profilaktika prestuplenij nesovershennoletnih: Uchebnoe posobie. – Karaganda, 1990.
10. Repeckaja A. L., Rybal'skaja V. Ja. Kriminologija. –M., 1999.
11. Sudakova T. M. Social'naja obuslovlennost' i nekotorye pravovye problemy protivodejstvija prestupnomu oborotu novyh vidov narkotikov // Izvestija Irkutskoj gosudarstvennoj jekonomicheskoj akademii. – 2016. – T. 26. – # 4. – S. 643-651.
12. Tambovceva G. M. Social'nyj kontrol' nad nesovershennoletnimi i reforma penitenciarnoj sistemy // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. – 2020. – # 3(183). – S. 112-116.
13. Cvetkova I. V. Social'naja tipologija podrostkov na osnove samoocenki sklonnosti k risku // Karel'skij nauchnyj zhurnal. – T. 7. – # 1 (22). – S. 214-218.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru (data obrashhenija: 16.08.2021).
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Kushkhov R. Kh., Animokov I. K.
Female crime as an object of criminological research
The content of the article explores the features of female crime as an object of criminological research that contributes to the development of measures in the fight against crime. Analysis of the causes and characteristics of female delinquency provides an opportunity to conclude the impact of society on female delinquency. The author concludes that it is of high importance to study the identity of the woman who committed the crime and the factors that affect her.
Keywords: woman, crime, criminological characterization, causes, personality.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 64 FZ (red. ot 24.02.2021) // SZ RF. -1996. - # 25. - St. 2954.
2. Alekseeva E. A. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika zhenskoj prestupnosti // Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. Pravo. - 2019. - # 4 (79)- S. 465-470.
3. Alekseeva E. A. Sovremennye tendencii razvitija zhenskoj prestupnosti v Rossii // Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. Pravo. - 2020. – T. 25.- # 1 (80). - S. 105-112.
4. Antonjan Ju. M., Jeminov V. E. Portrety prestupnikov. Kriminologicheskij analiz. - M.: NORMA, 2018. - 165 s.
5. Kriminologija uchebnik dlja studentov vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij, obuchajushhihsja po napravleniju «Jurisprudencija» / M. P. Klejmjonov. - 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. - M.: Norma: INFRA-M, 2018. - 399 s.
6. Mitashova A. A., Medvedev S. S. Sostojanie i tendencii zhenskoj prestupnosti v Rossii na sovremennom jetape// Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. Pravo. - 2021. - # 5–4 (56). - S. 113-115.
7. Selihova O. G. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika zhenskoj prestupnosti // Kriminologicheskij zhurnal. Pravo. - 2020. - # 4. - S. 75-78.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Tolgurova Z. H., Khakunov A. M.
The role of the media in the crime prevention system as a criminological category in Russia
The authors of the article consider the role of the media in the crime prevention system as a criminological category in Russia, as a factor that positively and negatively affects the development of public relations. The article analyzes the positive and negative impact of the mass media on the prevention of crimes, as the basis of criminological research. The aim of the work was to study the aspects of criminological characteristics of crimes, their features on the part of the mass media, as a factor in countering crime for improving measures to combat crime in general and its components. The authors draw a conclusion about the importance of the role of
mass media in the crime prevention system, as a criminological category that forms the legal consciousness.
Keywords: criminological category, internet, crime, mass media, prevention, criminology.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zakon RF ot 27.12.1991 # 2124-1 (red. ot 11.06.2021) «O sredstvah massovoj informacii». – Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus». –Zagl. s jekrana.
2. Antonjan Ju. M., Jeminov V. E. Portrety prestupnikov. Kriminologicheskij analiz. – M.: NORMA, 2018.
3. Borovikova V. V. O nekotoryh napravlenijah ispol'zovanija sredstv massovoj informacii v preduprezhdenii terrorizma // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. Juridicheskij zhurnal.– 2015. – # 5. – S. 133-136.
4. Gadzhiev V. Je. Nekotorye aspekty ispol'zovanie sredstv massovoj informacii v hode osushhestvlenija kriminalisticheskogo preduprezhdenija prestuplenij // Sibirskie ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie chtenija. – 2017. – #3. – S. 123-129.
5. Zaripova Z. S. Rol' sredstv massovoj informacii v profilaktike prestuplenij // Vestnik Samarskogo juridicheskogo instituta. – 2019. – # 5(36). – S. 38-42.
6. Kriminologija uchebnik dlja studentov vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij, obuchajushhihsja po napravleniju «Jurisprudencija» / M. P. Klejmjonov. – 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Norma: INFRA-M, 2018.
7. Kriminologija: ucheb. posobie / S. V. Sheveleva, A.A. Greben'kov; V. E. Novichkov; Otv. red. A. A. Greben'kov; Jugo-Zap. gos. un-t. Kursk, 2011.
8. Kriminologija: uchebnik dlja vuzov / pod red. prof. V. D. Malkova. – 27-e izd., pererab. i dop. –M.: ZAO «Justicinform», 2006.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Trunov I. L., Aivar L. K.
Criminological aspects of surrogacy
In Russia for the first time, the civil institution of infertility treatment with the use of surrogate
maternity is qualified as a criminal offense. In different regions of Russia, the same type of criminal cases of criminal law qualification was initiated under Art. 127.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. A new type of crime “Trafficking in Human Beings” is expected to appear - the participation of single men in Assisted Reproductive Techniques programs with the use of surrogate maternity.
Keywords: Assisted Reproductive Techniques, traffic in human beings, surrogate maternity, donor material, single men.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 22.08.2021). Izdatel'stvo Prospekt. 2021.
2. «Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021). Izdatel'stvo Prospekt.
3. «Semejnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 29.12.1995 # 223-FZ (red. ot 02.07.2021). «Rossijskaja gazeta». # 17. 27.01.1996.
4. «Ob osnovah ohrany zdorov'ja grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii»
5. (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 13.07.2021) «Parlamentskaja gazeta». # 50ju 24.11-01.12.2011.
6. Prikaz Minzdrava Rossii ot 31.07.2020 # 803n «O porjadke ispol'zovanija vspomogatel'nyh reproduktivnyh tehnologij, protivopokazanijah i ogranichenijah k ih primeneniju» (Zaregistrirovano v Minjuste Rossii 19.10.2020 # 60457). Oficial'nyj
internet-portal pravovoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru, 19.10.2020.
7. Mihajlova D.S., Timergalina G.R. Gendernyj aspekt pravovogo regulirovanija instituta surrogatnogo materinstva v Rossijskoj Federacii // Sovremennyj jurist. 2021. # 2.
8. Proekt federal'nogo zakona «O vnesenii izmenenij v stat'ju 55 Federal'nogo zakona «Ob osnovah ohrany zdorov'ja grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii» v chasti regulirovanija otdel'nyh voprosov, svjazannyh s ispol'zovaniem vspomogatel'nyh reproduktivnyh tehnologij». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://vademec.ru/news/2021/08/16.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Babin A. V.
Sports games as a necessary tool for improving the physical fitness of police officers
The author presents the results of the use of sports games in the physical training of police officers for the development of the necessary physical qualities. The results of the final testing confirmed the effectiveness of using sports games to develop the physical qualities of police officers. The level of development of physical qualities increased among the students of the experimental group by an average of 3 % compared with the indicators of the control group employees.
Keywords: police officers, physical training, physical qualities, sports games.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bel'skij I. V. Sistemy jeffektivnoj trenirovki// A. A. Zgirovskij. - Minsk, 2006. - S. 384. – Tekst:neposredstvennyj.
2. Bolotnikov A. A., Kalmanovich V. L., Mugattarova Je. R., Hajrullin R. R. Fizicheskaja podgotovlennost' studencheskoj molodezhi kak faktor uspeshnosti v budushhej professional'noj dejatel'nosti // European Social Science Journal. - 2017. - # 9. - S. 244–248.
3. Kajnova Je. B. Obshhaja pedagogika fizicheskoj kul'tury i sporta [Tekst]: ucheb. posobie. - M.: Forum, 2014.
4. Teoreticheskie i metodicheskie osnovy organizacii fizicheskoj podgotovki sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii [Tekst]: uchebnik/ S. V. Kuznecov, A. N. Volkov, A. I. Voronov; pod red. C. V. Kuznecova. - M.: DGSK MVD Rossii, 2016.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Gutieva I. G.
The place of the internal affairs bodies in the system of executive authorities and their interaction with other bodies
Despite the fact that the legislation does not provide for a legal concept of internal affairs bodies, it assigns them broad powers in all spheres of public life. The internal affairs bodies carry out administrative functions, which also include the functions of ensuring public safety, public order, as well as the functions of preventing crimes and suppressing administrative offenses. It is the disclosure of these
powers and the consideration of the internal affairs bodies as subjects of executive power that the article is devoted to.
Keywords: executive authorities, internal affairs bodies powers, subjects, functions, public order, security, police, crimes, offenses.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O policii» ot 07.02.2011 #3-FZ (red. ot 11.06.2021 g.) / Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». (Data obrashhenija: 28.07.2021). St.st. 2, 3.
2. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 13 dekabrja 2019 g. # 940 «Voprosy dejatel'nosti Glavnogo upravlenija po voprosam migracii Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami) (red. ot 14.02.2020) / Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». (Data obrashhenija: 28.07.2021). Prilozhenie 1.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Mashekuasheva M. Kh., Gelyakhova L. A.
Features of the formation of professionalism of the head of the internal affairs bodies: psychological aspect
The world psychological science presents a sufficient number of methods, the use of which contributes to the solution of the problems of training, selection, placement and rational use of
personnel in the system of internal affairs bodies. The success of the management system depends on the level of professional knowledge and psychological components of the individuals included in it. Practice shows that a successful leader is always an excellent psychologist, and in exceptional cases, such a quality is given by nature. The higher the level of the managerial position, the greater the responsibility for the business and for the employees.
Keywords: professionalism, administrative staff, management, employee of internal affairs bodies, professional knowledge, psychodiagnostic techniques, individual approach.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gubich M. V. Avtoreferat dissertacii. 2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://dep.nlb.by/jspui/handle/nlb/50758.
2. Mashekuasheva M. H., Hokonova M. R., Mazdogova Z.
Z. Identichnost' i globalizacija kak osnovnye sinhronisticheskie problemy v ramkah formirovanija lichnosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. -2021. - # 3 (154). - S. 379-380.
3. Osmanov M. M. Napravlennost' sistemy povyshenija kvalifikacii na razvitie liderskih kachestv u sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del // Nauchnoe obespechenie sistemy povyshenija kvalifikacii kadrov. - 2020. - # 2 (43). - S. 98-107.
4. Shamaev A. M., Bondar' A. G. Lichnostnye harakteristiki i povedencheskaja sostavljajushhaja podozrevaemogo kak kosvennye dokazatel'stva ego viny v sovershenii moshennicheskih dejstvij // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 9 (148). - S. 239-241.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Kоrkmazov A. V., Kuchmezov R. A., Ashkhotova L. A.
The role of the educational organization in the personal and semantic self-determination of a police officer
The purpose of this study is to assess the potential of educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in the personal and semantic self-determination of police officers. The
problem of the formation of personal-semantic orientations is given considerable attention by scientists and practitioners involved in the system of building a modern system of departmental higher education. As you know, the state assigns the most important areas of activity related to the fight against crime to police officers, which determines the requirements for the goals, forms and content of their personal and semantic orientation.
Keywords: police officers, professional competencies, personal and semantic attitudes, educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.
Work bibliographic list
1. Voronov D. A. Formirovanie nravstvennyh kachestv lichnosti sotrudnikov policii v processe professional'noj podgotovki v vuze // Modernizacija gumanitarnogo i hudozhestvennogo obrazovanija: innovacionnye strategii razvitija: materialy Mezhdunarodnaja nauch.-praktich. konfer.: v 2 ch. - Krasnodar, KGUKI, 2014. - Ch. 1. - S. 110-116.
2. Kovalenko V. I., Kovalenko E. V., Voronov D. A. Cennostno-smyslovaja napravlennost' obrazovatel'nogo processa v obrazovatel'nyh organizacijah MVD Rossii // Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovanija. - 2019. - # 62-2. - S.116-119.
3. Korkmazov A. V., Sagradova T. G. Osobennostej projavlenija lichnostno smyslovoj sfery v kachestve reguljatora professional'nogo stanovlenija budushhego specialista // Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovanija. - 2018. - # 59-2. - S.95-97.
4. Korkmazov A. V., Cherkesov S. H. Poluchenie obrazovanija i ego vlijanie na formirovanie lichnostnyh cennostej obuchajushhihsja // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 3 (130). - S. 377-378.
5. Oborskij A. Ju., Romahin A. P. Cennostnye orientacii kursantov voennyh vuzov Rossii: uslovija i jetapy formirovanija // Voennyj akademicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 3 (27). - S. 57-60.
6. Ushakova V. V. Psihologicheskie faktory obespechenija professional'noj dejatel'nosti sotrudnikov policii // V knige: Problemy sovershenstvovanija rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva. Sbornik tezisov Vserossijskoj (s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem) nauchnoj konferencii kursantov, slushatelej i studentov. - Barnaul, 2021. - S. 369-371.
7. Shhegoleva T. V., Mar'in M. I. Sistema cennostej sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del kak faktor reguljacii sluzhebnogo povedenija // Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel'nyh organah. - 2019. - T. 24.- # 3 (78). - S. 289-293.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Manukyan A. R.
Special skills of police officers for transporting and escorting a protected person
The dynamism of the development of modern criminal communities prompts to investigate not only the existing mechanisms of the institution of state protection, but also to consider their practical implementation. In this context, the professional training of employees of physical protection units, whose powers include various actions in the process of ensuring the safety of protected persons, is of particular importance. At the same time, as the most vulnerable aspect of the implementation of the above activities, it seems necessary to highlight the transportation and escort of protected persons, which determines the practical interest in special training using a vehicle for employees of authorized units. The scientific article analyzes the process of special training of employees of physical protection units using a vehicle to accompany the protected person in the Russian Federation, taking into account modern realities.
Keywords: police officers, protection, security, transportation, escort, special training.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 30.04.2021, s izm. ot 13.05.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF.- 2001. - # 52 (ch. I). - St. 4921; 2021. - # 18. - St. 3055.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 20.04.1995 # 45-FZ «O gosudarstvennoj zashhite sudej, dolzhnostnyh lic pravoohranitel'nyh i kontrolirujushhih organov» (red. Ot 05.04.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 1995. - # 17. - St. 1455; 2021. - # 15 (Chast' I). - St. 2439.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 20.08.2004 # 119-FZ «O gosudarstvennoj zashhite poterpevshih, svidetelej i inyh uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva»(red. ot 07.02.2017) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF.- 2004. - # 34. - St. 3534; 2017. - # 7. - St. 1026.
4. Lukinskij A. V. Institut gosudarstvennoj zashhity:ponjatijnyj apparat // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2012. - # 11. - S. 67
5. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 31.12.2004 # 900 «Ob utverzhdenii perechnja kategorij gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh sluzhashhih, podlezhashhih gosudarstvennoj zashhite» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 2005. - # 2. - St. 158.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Safronov D. M., Shamaev A. M.
Features of legal regulation in standard and special conditions when performing operational and service tasks by the forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia and the troops of the National guard of Russia
The conjuncture of recent years in the light of new challenges has had a significant impact on almost all spheres of life. At the same time, the complication of the situation both in geospatial space and in our country has identified new tasks for state authorities in general and law enforcement agencies in particular that require more effective counteraction. This fact predetermined the need to involve more employees of various law enforcement agencies in the framework of interdepartmental activities, especially when performing tasks in special conditions. The implementation of such labor-intensive and complex operations, in conditions of possible use, including firearms, has indicated the need to improve the legal regulation of the activities of law enforcement agencies in standard and special conditions.
Keywords: internal affairs bodies, National Guard troops, law enforcement agencies, special conditions, legal regulation, rulemaking.
Work bibliographic list
1. Koblov F. Ch., Urusov Z. H. O nekotoryh aspektah protivodejstvija terrorizmu // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 9 (148). - S. 400-402.
2. Kocherova L. A., Shamaev A. M., Nesterenko A. V., Askarov S. V. Obuchenie kursantov obrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenij MVD osobennostjam issledovanija sledov ruk, zapahovyh i DNK sledov cheloveka na ognestrel'nom oruzhii // Mir nauki, kul'tury, obrazovanija. - 2020. - # 5 (84). - S. 132-134.
3. Safronov D. M., Shamaev A. M. Pandemija COVID-19 kak vozmozhnaja prichina vozniknovenija massovyh besporjadkov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.- 2020. - #4 (143). - S. 393-394.
4. Smirnova L. Ja., Shamaev A. M. Jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' strany: ugrozy i napravlenija ee obespechenija // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. - 2020. - T. 16. - # 3. - S. 27-30.
5. Tarchokov B. A., Shogenov T. M., Buraeva L. A. Ob aktual'nyh voprosah obespechenija informacionnoj bezopasnosti na sovremennom jetape // V sbornike: luchshaja nauchnaja stat'ja 2020. Sbornik statej XXXVII Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo konkursa. - Penza, 2020. - S. 42-44.
6. Shhagapsoev Z. L., Akkaeva H. A. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye osnovy protivodejstvija nezakonnomu oborotu oruzhija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2019. - # 1. - S. 171-173.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Aripshev A. M.
Countering terrorism as an integral part of extremism is one of the most important tasks of modern states
In this article, the author has analyzed the existing problem of modern humanity – terrorism, as an integral part of extremism, which is today an ingrained global problem of all mankind. The relentless struggle of the whole world against the manifestations of terrorism in all corners of our planet has united states in the fight against this criminal phenomenon and dictates new realities to modern society. The most important postulates of the regulatory framework of all states should be unified methods and international practice, as well as the most effective preventive tactical measures.
Keywords: terrorism, extremism, UN, international conventions, the concept of terrorism, countering terrorism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstviju terrorizmu» ot 06 marta 2006 g. # 35-FZ.
2. Konvencija o prestuplenijah i nekotoryh drugih aktah, sovershaemyh na bortu vozdushnyh sudov.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/crimes_aboard.shtml.
3. Rezoljucija General'noj Assamblei OON 71/291 ot 15.06.2017 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.undocs.org/ru/a/res/71/291.
4. Zinov'ev A. A. Kak igolkoj ubit' slona. - M., 2005.
5. Ozhegov S. I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka. - M.: Mir i Obrazovanie, 2005.
6. Pohil'ko A. A. Terrorizm kak raznovidnost' jekstremizma. — Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Molodoj uchenyj. - 2014. - # 3 (62). - S. 743-747. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://moluch.ru/archive/62/9534/ (data obrashhenija: 26.07.2021).
7. Stepanova E. A. Terrorizm v assimetrichnom konflikte: ideologicheskie i strukturnye aspekty. —IMJeMO RAN. - M.: Nauchnaja kniga, 2010.
8. Upravlenie po bor'be s terrorizmom. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/counterterrorism/about.
9. Chattaev A. R. K voprosu o novyh formah organizovannoj prestupnosti kak real'noj ugroze nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossii // «Chernye dyry» v Rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2016. - # 4.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Bondarev S. P., Kangezov M. R., Bokhan A. P.
Countering terrorism and extremism: legislation and practice
In modern conditions, the problem of terrorism for the Russian Federation is one of the priorities, since in recent years the geography of terrorist attacks has expanded. All this necessitates the implementation of an effective policy in the field of countering terrorism. The article analyzes the legal acts of the Russian Federation in the field of countering terrorism and extremism.
Keywords: extremism, terrorism, counteraction, prevention, national security, strategy, legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andreeva O.A. V sbornike: Modernizacija rossijskogo obshhestva: strategii upravlenija, voprosy pravoprimenenija i podgotovki kadrov // Materialy HX Vserossijskoj nauchnoj konferencii (nacional'noj s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem). ChOU VO «Taganrogskij institut upravlenija i jekonomiki». 2019. S. 293-298.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Volkhovskiy R. A., Smirnova I. N.
To the question of the influence of risks in the professional the activities of the staff of the criminal-executive inspections for the security of penitentiary system
The article examines the theoretical and practical side of the possible impact of certain negative
factors on the activities of the staff of penitentiary inspection, associated with the complexity of this work. In addition, the article analyzes the degree of influence of personal, professional, social, emotional and psychological security of the staff of the penitentiary inspection on the security of the penitentiary system as a whole. In conclusion, the authors proposes measures to reduce the consequences of the impact of negative occupational risks in the activities of the staff of the penitentiary inspection on the safety of the penal system.
Keywords: security of the penitentiary system, staffing of penitentiary inspection, professional activity, social and material support, psychological risks.
Work bibliographic list
1. O Ctrategii nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii: Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 2 ijulja 2021 g. # 400 // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. 03.07.2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001202107030001#print (data obrashhenija: 20.07.2021).
2. Devjashin D. G. Problemy pravovoj reglamentacii obespechenija lichnoj bezopasnosti sotrudnikov UIS // Pravovye problemy ukreplenija Rossijskoj gosudarstvennosti. – Tomsk: Izd-vo Tom. un-ta, 2016. – S. 93-94.
3. Novikov E. E. Korrupcionnye riski, voznikajushhie pri realizacii sotrudnikami ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij kontrol'no-nadzornyh funkcij // Vestnik Kuzbasskogo instituta. – 2017.– # 2. – S. 73-85.
4. Pomogalova Ju. V. Specifika organizacionno-pravovyh sredstv obespechenija bezopasnosti UIS// Bor'ba s prestupnost'ju: teorija i praktika:tezisy dokladov VI Mezhdunarod. nauch.-praktich.konf., posvjashh. 70-letiju obrazovanija Mogilevskogo instituta MVD / otv. red. Ju. A. Matvejchev.– Mogilev: Uchrezhdenie obrazovanija «Mogilevskij institut Ministerstva vnutrennih del Respubliki Belarus'», 2018. – S. 284-287.
5. Smirnova I. N., Shherbakov A. V. Organizacionno-pravovye osnovy obespechenija bezopasnosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii: monografija. – Pskov: Pskovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, Pskovskij filial Akademii FSIN Rossii, 2020. – 184 s.
6. Tarabuev L. N. Organizacija i pravovye osnovy dejatel'nosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij po ispolneniju nakazanija v vide ispravitel'nyh rabot: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Rostov-na-Donu, 2018. – 253 s.
7. Cherkasova M. A. Psihologicheskij monitoring professional'nogo vygoranija sotrudnikov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossii: dis. …kand. psihol. nauk. – Vologda, 2014. – 187 s.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Givel L. E., Korotkova O. V.
Countering information and psychological terrorism in times of pandemic COVID-19: a private legal aspect
The article analyzes the reasons and conditions for the growth of methods of information and psychological influence of extremist organizations in a pandemic, reveals the factors that create a universal environment for expanding the psychological pressure of extremist organizations on the population, and also presents the main directions of countering information and psychological terrorism in a pandemic.
Keywords: pandemic-COVID-19, security, extremism, threats, informational and psychological impact, private law aspect.
Work bibliographic list
1. Garifullin R. Mental'naja vojna // Jelektronnyj resurs: «Argumenty nedeli». - 25.03.2021 g.
2. Grachev G. V., Mel'nik I. K. Manipulirovanie lichnost'ju: Organizacija, sposoby i tehnologii informacionno-psihologicheskogo vozdejstvija. - M.: Jeksmo,2019.
3. Zhukovskij I. V. Minoborony schitajut, chto SShA nachali protiv Rossii novyj tip vojny // Jelektronnyj resurs: «Gazeta.ru». - 25.03.2021.
4. Kokov Ju. Opasnye kliki // Jelektronnyj resurs:«Rossijskaja gazeta». - 20.10.2020.
5. Koroleva A. Chetvert' vseh prestuplenij sovershaetsja teper' v vysokih tehnologijah // Jelektronnyj resurs:zhurnal «Jekspert». - 11.03.2021.
6. Sidnenko G. F. Informacionnoe protivodejstvie terrorizmu: politologicheskij aspekt // G. F. Sidnenko. - M.: Izd-vo Triumf, Luchshie knigi, 2019.
7. Deborah Doan «Has MMF`s mission to combat nature`s enemy gone too far»// Global development is supported, 7 March 2020.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Kоrkmazov A. V.
«Terrorism» and «extremism» as a danger of modern realities
In the modern world, there is a global problem that encroaches on the life and health of citizens around the world, undermines the foundations of national security, has a negative impact on the socio-economic sphere of many countries. This is the problem of the existence of global terrorism and extremism. The fight against terrorism and extremism today occupies a central place in the state policy of the Russian Federation. The relevance of the chosen research topic is due to the fact that extremism is assessed as the number one threat to the security of the entire world community. In accordance with this, the forces of the law enforcement system and internal affairs bodies are aimed at preventing and suppressing crimes and administrative offenses of an extremist orientation.
This scientific article examines the problems and main mechanisms of countering terrorism and extremism in modern realities, as well as the reasons that contribute to the emergence of these illegal acts.
Keywords: extremism, terrorism, preventive work, law enforcement agencies, terrorist organizations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gedugoshev R. R. Aktual'nye voprosy protivodejstvija posobnichestva terrorizmu // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - # 9 (111). - S. 99-100.
2. Zor'kin V. D. Vyzovy globalizacii i pravovaja koncepcija miroustrojstva. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
3. Kazakova V. A., Bekbotova T. A. Nekotorye priznaki otgranichenija bandy ot nezakonnogo vooruzhennogo formirovanija // Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2011. -# 19.
4. Korkmazov A. V. Aktual'nye voprosy dejatel'nosti sotrudnikov policii po preduprezhdeniju pravonarushenij jekstremistskoj napravlennosti // Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija. - 2014. - #17. - S. 71-72.
5. Korkmazov A. V. Osnovnye principy protivodejstvija terrorizmu v Rossii i zarubezhnyh stranah.// Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2017. - # 8(111). - S. 99-100.
6. Luneev V. V. Prestupnost' HH veka. Mirovoj kriminologicheskij analiz. - M., 1997.
7. Mackevich I. M. Prestupnost' v uslovijah globalizacii (Doklad v Hongkong city university v aprele 2008 g.).
8. Musaeljan M. F. Problemy ugolovno-pravovoj kvalifikacii i otgranichenija terroristicheskogo akta ot zahvata zalozhnika, organizacii nezakonnogo vooruzhennogo formirovanija ili uchastija v nem, banditizma, napadenija na lic ili uchrezhdenija, kotorye pol'zujutsja mezhdunarodnoj zashhitoj. Kommentarij sudebnoj praktiki. Vyp. 15 / pod red. K.B. Jaroshenko. - M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 2010.- S. 211.
9. Tret'jakov V. I. Fenomen «organizovannaja prestupnost'» v uslovijah globalizacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Mazdogova Z. Z., Urusova L. Kh.
Youth tolerance formation as means of terrorism prevention
In this article the author examines the concept of tolerance and the possibility of its use by teacher to prevent youth involvement in terrorist activities. Author focuses on teaching our young tolerance by means of pedagogical and psychological methods. Theoretical basis. Methods. The author analyzes tolerance (depending on age, gender, nationality, religion, marital & social status, ethnicity) and doctrinal views of authoritative views of educational specialists. The article presents a systematic study based on several methods, each being in demand in pedagogy science. The method of generalization was used to research and evaluate. The method of ascent from the particular to the abstract reveals definitive features. Author also applies another efficient method called the formal analysis. Results. This article concretely proposes how to teach tolerance in education system, arrange the process considering individual holding.
Keywords: terrorism, terrorist activities, tolerance, safety of the educational environment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andreeva G. M. Social'naja psihologija: uchebnik dlja vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. – M.: Aspekt Press, 2008. – 365 s.
2. Asmolov A. G., Koval'chuk M. A. O sootnoshenii ponjatija ustanovki v obshhej i social'noj psihologii / Teoreticheskie i metodologicheskie problemy social'noj psihologii / red. G. M. Andreevoj, N. N. Bogomolovoj.– M., 1977. – S. 143-163.
3. Kazakov Ju. N., Kolesov V. I. Razvitie lichnosti v prostranstve menjajushhihsja social'nyh sred // Mir psihologii. – 2016. – # 1. – S. 208-220.
4. Kompleksnyj plan protivodejstvija ideologii terrorizma v Rossijskoj Federacii na 2019–2023 gody (utv. Prezidentom Rossijskoj Federacii ot 28.12.2018 # Pr-2665) // Konsul'tantPljus.
5. Mazdogova Z. Z. Prichiny i uslovija vozniknovenija molodjozhnogo jekstremizma. // Evrazijskoe Nauchnoe Ob"edinenie. - 2019. - # 9-2 (55). - S. 171-173.
6. Moiseeva A. K. Verbovka kak ugroza nacional'noj bezopasnosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019.– # 5. – S. 338–340.
7. Perepelicyna M. A. Formirovanie pedagogicheskoj tolerantnosti u budushhih uchitelej: avtoref. dis. kand. ped. nauk. – Volgograd, 2004. – 176 s.
8. Urusova L. H. O koncepcii sovremennoj sistemy nacional'nogo obrazovanija // Alma mater (Vestnik vysshej shkoly). – M.: Izdatel'stvo OOO «INOIC «AL-MAVEST», 2019. – # 10. – S. 16-18.
9. Ustav Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij (prinjat v g. San-Francisko 26.06.1945) (s izm. i dop. ot 20.12.1971) //Konsul'tantPljus.
10. Chernjavskaja V. S. Razvitie pedagogicheskoj tolerantnosti v processe nepreryvnogo professional'nogo obrazovanija uchitelja: dis. … dokt. ped. nauk. – Vladivostok, 2007. – 353 s.
11. Shmel'kova T. S. Social'no-psihologicheskie osobennosti antiterroristicheskih ustanovok molodezhi// Sovremennye issledovanija social'nyh problem: jelektronnyj zhurnal. – 2017. – T. 8. – # 11-2. – S. 174-198.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Misrokov T. Z.
Activities of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation on the prevention of extremism among pupils of educational organizations
The article examines the key goals of the activities of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation in the field of preventing extremism among students of general education organizations. The author proposes a system of principles that should underlie such activity, and also considers its main directions. Attention is focused on the need to apply preventive measures and develop pupils’ ability to resist negative impacts from extremist organizations.
Keywords: countering extremism, preventive activities, principles of activity, educational organizations, internal affairs bodies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 29 maja 2020 g. # 344 «Ob utverzhdenii Strategii protivodejstvija jekstremizmu v Rossijskoj Federacii do 2025 goda» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 1 ijunja 2020 g. - # 22. - St. 3475.
2. Vystuplenie Prezidenta RF V. V. Putina po voprosam gosudarstvennogo upravlenija i ukreplenija sistemy bezopasnosti strany 14 sentjabrja 2004 goda.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://
rg.ru/2004/09/14/prezident.html.
3. Demidova-Petrova E. V. Monitoring osobennostej jekstremizma v molodezhnoj srede v Rossijskoj Federacii // Monitoring pravoprimenenija. - 2016. -# 3 (20).
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Romanov A. A., Nelyubin R. V.
Improving the legal framework for prevention of unsurveillance and offenses of minors
The article analyzes the legal basis of the system for the prevention of neglect and juvenile delinquency in the Russian Federation.
As a result of the identified gaps in legislative regulation and the characteristics of the state of this area, the authors conclude that there is an actual absence of a systemic and integrated approach to solving one of the key problems of society. In particular, insufficient attention is paid to the regulation of issues of general social prevention and rehabilitation. The author’s vision of solving the identified problems in terms of introducing amendments and additions to the text of the Federal Law of June 24, 1999 No. 120-FZ “On the foundations of the system for the prevention of neglect and juvenile delinquency” is proposed.
Keywords: neglect, homelessness, social orphanhood, family, violence prevention, social rehabilitation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nigmatullin R. V., Karimov R. R., Romanov A. A. Rebenok v sovremennoj Rossii: prava, vozmozhnosti, sistema zashhity. – Ufa: IP Mutalov, 2015. – 217 s.– ISBN 9785990747401.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Teppeev A. A.
Ways to combat the financing of terrorism
The material systematized in the article draws attention to the problem of terrorism and various ways of financing this negative phenomenon. The author draws attention to the fact that no matter what the method of struggle is, it must not only be based on facts, but also comply with respect for human rights and the principle of the rule of law. The author believes that the fight against the financing of terrorism itself is unlikely to be able to stop it. The effectiveness of this struggle also depends on the adoption of broader measures to combat this negative phenomenon in the field of politics, culture, activities of a social nature, and provided that the contribution of this struggle within the framework of broader efforts is clearly defined.
The author sees the significance of the article in the proposed measures that contribute to a better counteraction to the financing of terrorism. The novelty of the article is determined by the proposal not only to combat the financing of terrorism, but also to prevent this crime on the basis of three components (measures of general struggle, special and individual prevention).
Keywords: struggle, peaceful population, fear, terrorism, financing, horror, menace.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kudrjavceva K.A., Ral'nikova N.S. Metody finansirovanija terroristicheskih organizacij i bor'ba s nimi // Nauchnyj zhurnal. 2016. # 9 (10). S. 61.
2. Publichnyj otchet Rosfinmonitoringa «Nacional'naja ocenka riskov finansirovanija terrorizma» [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: https://minfin.gov.ru/ru/document/?id_4=123105-publichnyi_otchet_rosfinmonitoringa_natsionalnaya_otsenka_riskov_finansirovaniya_terrorizma (data obrashhenija:04.08.2021).
3. 22 doklad OON Gruppy po analiticheskoj podderzhke i nabljudeniju za sankcijami, uchrezhdennoj rezoljucijami 1526 (2004) i 2253 (2015) Soveta Bezopasnosti po organizacijam «Islamskoe gosudarstvo Iraka i Levanta» (IGIL) (DAISh), «Al'-Kaida» i dvizheniju «Taliban» i svjazannym s nimi licam i organizacijam ot 27.07.2018 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://undocs.org/ru/S/2018/705 (data obrashhenija: 04.08.2021).
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Mashekuasheva M. Kh., Gelyakhova L. A.
Electoral processes and countering extremist manifestations
This article analyzes the modern mechanisms of countering extremist manifestations during the electoral processes, based on the analysis of the Russian electoral legislation and law enforcement practice, the most effective of them are identified. Attention is focused on the need to increase the level of legal and electoral culture of the population in order to combat extremist manifestations. A factor causing serious conflict situations in the regions and sometimes complicate international communication in general. Given this fact, the issues of countering extremist manifestations in various spheres of society’s life are regulated by international and domestic regulatory legal acts. The national approach to combating extremism differs significantly in different states, which is objectively related to the peculiarities of legal and political systems. There are also some differences in the theoretical and legal definition of the content of the category “extremism”, which sometimes complicates the interstate cooperation of individual subjects if they did not implement international norms into the national legal system.
Keywords: extremism, electoral process, Russian electoral law and process, countering extremist manifestations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Korshunova O. N. Vlijanie osobennostej mehanizma prestuplenij jekstremistskoj napravlennosti na predmet dokazyvanija po ugolovnym delam //Vestnik OmGU. – Serija «Pravo». - 2018. - # 1 (54).- S. 186-191.
2. Mashekuasheva M. H. Harakternye sostavljajushhie lichnosti i predposylki, svojstvennye ljudjam, sovershajushhim terakty // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2021. - T. 14. - # 3. - S. 125-128.
3. Mitjaeva Ju. V. Politicheskij jekstremizm i vybory v sovremennoj Rossii // Vybory: teorija i praktika. - 2019. - # 4 (52). - S. 21-26.
4. Ruban A. D. Pravovye osnovy protivodejstvija jekstremistskim projavlenijam v period jelektoral'nyh processov // Vestnik Sankt- Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2019. - # 3 (83). - S. 104-110.
 
STATE AND LAW
Dadova Z. I., Kurashinova A. Kh.
Traditional culture transformation and its consequences
The purpose of this article is to bring attention to the need of traditional culture preservation in the context of its transformation. The authors urge representatives of social groups, especially those who are interested in culture continuity preserving, to maintain and develop cultural traditions, passing them from generation to generation. And, despite the fact that in the face of intensive changes in modern life it becomes more and more difficult to do it, the transformation of traditional culture is not something incomprehensible or just negative. This is nothing more than a historical predetermination that cannot be ignored.
The scientific significance of the article is in recommendations focused on preservation of traditional culture as an important part of cultural heritage.
The originality of the article lies in the authors’ definition of traditional culture as a socially significant cultural experience of different nationalities, preserved, reproduced, renewed and passed down from generation to generation.
Keywords: customs, continuity of generations, traditional culture, traditions, transformation, cultural values.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ashhotov B. G. O transformacii tradicionnoj kul'tury v XXI veke // Nauchno-metodicheskij jelektronnyj zhurnal «Koncept». – 2016. – T. 15. – S. 1026-1030.
2. Achkasov V. A. Transformacija tradicij i politicheskaja modernizacija: fenomen rossijskogo tradicionalizma // Filosofija i social'no-politicheskie cennosti konservatizma v obshhestvennom soznanii Rossii (ot istokov k sovremennosti) /Sbornik statej /pod red. Ju. N. Solonina. – Sankt-Peterburg: Izd.: SPbGU, 2004. – C. 173-191.
3. Egle L. Ju. Tradicionnaja kul'tura: osnovnye podhody k issledovaniju // Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta kul'tury i iskusstv. – 2014. – # 29-2.
– S. 46-47.
4. Kuz'mina T. A. Nekotorye problemy filosofskogo analiza kul'tury // Kul'turnye transformacii v sovremennoj Rossii (soc.-filos. analiz) / Ros. akad. nauk, In-t filosofii / Otv. red. S. A. Nikol'skij. –M.: IFRAN, 2009. – 159 s.
5. Mironov V. V. Transformacija kul'tury v prostranstve global'noj kommunikacii. – SPb:SPbGUP, 2019. – 60 s.
 
STATE AND LAW
Ryabtsev A. M.
Legal status of a civil servant
To date, the state civil service in our state is not sufficiently regulated. This institution is constantly developing and, accordingly, its legal regulation is also being improved. The legislation in this area is extensive, which is due to the wide scale of the state civil service itself, which extends to various spheres of power.
Keywords: civil service, civil servant, legal status, rights, duties, restrictions.
Work bibliographic list
1. O gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.07.2004 # 79-FZ [Jelektronnyj resurs] // SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus». – Moskva, 2021.
2. Artem'ev A.M. Gosudarstvennaja pravoohranitel'naja sluzhba: sistemnye svojstva, funkcii, pravovoe obespechenie. - M.: un-t MVD, 2008. - 373 c.
3. Atamanchuk G.V. Teorija gosudarstvennogo upravlenija: uchebnik. ― 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. - M.:Omega-L, 2013. - 525 s.
4. Varon'ko E.V. Nekotorye aspekty administrativno-pravovogo regulirovanija gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby // Upravlenie v social'nyh i jekonomicheskih sistemah. - 2017. - # 26. - S. 97-98.
5. Vasilevich G. A. Konstitucionnoe pravo: uchebnoe posobie. - M.: Registr, 2018. - 192 s.
6. Kramnik A.N. Administrativnoe pravo. Ch. 1. Upravlencheskoe pravo. - Mn.: Tesej, 2018. - 672 s.
7. Chupris O. A. Teoreticheskie problemy pravovogo regulirovanija gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.14.- Minsk: BGU, 2015. - 48 s.
 
STATE AND LAW
Tlupova A. V., Karchaeva K. A.
Public coercion as a method of public administration
The functioning of the state, its organization, the normal existence of society cannot be imagined
without the implementation of the regulatory function of public administration. The implementation of the latter is possible only through the use of methods of persuasion and coercion. State coercion acts as a tougher method of regulation, on the one hand, and at the same time the most effective, on the other hand. Coercion applied by the state is implemented in the forms of the application of legal responsibility, procedural security and preventive measures.
Keywords: state administration, method, state coercion, state conviction, legal responsibility, procedural measures, preventive measures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev S. S. Obshhaja teorija prava. V 2-h t. T. I. - M.,1981. - 360 s.
2. Vitruk N. V. Obshhaja teorija juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti. 2-e izd. - M., 2009. - 304 s.
3. Zaprutin D. G. Mery administrativnogo prinuzhdenija, primenjaemye policiej v otnoshenii grazhdan // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija «Pravo». - 2019. - T. 16. - # 2. - S. 34-39.
4. Kurakin A. V. Voprosy administrativnogo prinuzhdenija // Administrativnoe i municipal'noe pravo. - 2021. - # 2. - S. 10-24.
5. Malein N. S. Pravonarushenie: ponjatie, prichiny, otvetstvennost'. - M., 1985. - 192 s.
6. Slovar' sovremennogo russkogo literaturnogo jazyka. Akad. nauk SSSR. In-t rus. jaz. - M.; L: Izd. i 1-ja tip., 1960. V 17 tomah. - T. 11.
7. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka / Pod red. D. N. Ushakova. - M., 1940. V 11 tomah. - T. 4.
8. Chetvernin V. A. Problemy teorii prava i gosudarstva. - M., 2007. - 307 s.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Garipova F. M.
The formation of economic and legal competence of university students by means of the English language
The article deals with teaching foreign language specialized reading in a non-linguistic university as part of the independent work of students. When deciding on the selection of text material, the author relies on such criteria as relevance, authenticity and accessibility.
Authentic texts are characterized by increased linguistic difficulty due to the use of financial and economic terminology and complex polyfunctional syntactic constructions. In this regard, it is important to develop students’ compensatory competence, which consists of a number of compensatory strategies. Among others, the latter represent a nonverbal code. And in combination with the verbal code it forms a polycode or creolized text. The tasks solved by students in the process of reading are traditionally divided into the perception of language means and their exact understanding in the text; the revealing of factual information from the profile text and its comprehension.
Keywords: profile reading, independent work, relevance, authenticity, availability, compensatory competence, polycode text, learning reading, perception, revealing, comprehension.
Work bibliographic list
1. Baryshnikov N. V. Teoreticheskie osnovy obuchenija chteniju autentichnyh tekstov pri nesovershennom vladenii inostrannym jazykom: avtoreferat dissertacii doktora pedagogicheskih nauk. - SPb, 1999.
2. Vorob'ev Ju. A. Ispol'zovanie autentichnyh tekstov professional'noj napravlennosti v processe formirovanija lingvostranovedcheskoj kompetencii u studentov nejazykovyh VUZov // Azimut nauchnyh issledovanij: pedagogika i psihologija. - 2019.- # 3 (28). - Tom 8.
3. Obrazovatel'nyj standart vysshego obrazovanija FGOBU «Finansovyj universitet» po napravleniju 38.03 «Jekonomika», bakalavriat. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.fa.ru/sveden/Pages/osfinuniver,aspx.
4. Obshheevropejskie kompetencii vladenija inostrannym jazykom: izuchenie, prepodavanie, ocenka/ Departament sovremennyh jazykov Direktorata po obrazovaniju, kul'ture i sportu Soveta Evropy -M.: Izdatel'stvo MGLU, 2003.
5. Sorokin Ju. A., Tarasov E. F. Kreolizovannye teksty i ih kommunikativnaja funkcija. // Optimizacija rechevogo vozdejstvija: kollektivnaja monografija. - M., 1990.
6. Syrovatskaja K. S. Formirovanie strategij chtenija inojazychnyh polikodovyh tekstov jekonomicheskoj napravlennosti. // Vestnik MGLU. Obrazovanie i pedagogicheskie nauki. - 2017. - Vyp. 4 (775).
7. Pauk W., Owens R. How to Study in College (10 ed.). - Boston, MA: Wadsworth.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Kurilkina O. A., Sholokhov A. V.,
Samoylova I. N., Serdyukova Yu. A.
Corrective role of education in the “inheritance rights” of the ruling classes
Тhe article is devoted to the study of the institution of education in the aspect of the external force of socialization. The authors analyze the reasons and factors influencing the quality of education, including from the point of view of the state function of the ruling classes.
Keywords: education, ruling class, elite, society, law, state, socialization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev N. N. Ocherki po obshhej teorii gosudarstva. Osnovnye predposylki i gipotezy gosudarstvennoj nauki. – M., 2008.
2. Alekseev N. N. Russkij narod i gosudarstvo. – M.,1998.
3. Ashkerov A. Po spravedlivosti: jesse o partijnosti bytija. – M.: Izd-vo «Evropa», 2008.
4. Vitchenko A. M. Teoreticheskie problemy issledovanija gosudarstvennoj vlasti. – Saratov-M.,1982.
5. Grigorjan L. A. Socialisticheskaja gosudarstvennaja vlast' i predstavitel'naja forma ejo osushhestvlenija // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. – 1969.– # 3. – S. 89-90.
6. Dahin A. V. Al'ternativnye metamorfozy globalizacii // Kosmopolis. – 2003. – # 3. – S. 148-158.
7. Djurkgejm Je. Sociologija obrazovanija. – M.,1996.
8. Rassel B. Chelovecheskoe poznanie: ego sfera i granicy. – Kiev: Nika-Centr, 1997.
9. Kara-Murza S. G. Manipuljacija soznaniem. – M.:Jeksmo, 2003.
10. Kropotkin P. A. Zapiski revoljucionera. – M.:Moskovskij rabochij, 1988.
11. Durkheim E. De la division du travail social. – P.,1983.
12. Durkheim E. Evolution pedagogique en France. – P.,1966.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Smirnova M. I.
Interference as a problem of speech purity of employees of the interior agencies of the Republic of Crimea
The article deals with the issue of speech purity of employees of the interior agencies of the Russian Federation. The conditions and causes of negative interference caused by the use of the Ukrainian and Russian languages on the territory of the Republic of Crimea are analyzed. The most common violations of the Russian language norms, resulted from the interference of the Ukrainian language are considered.
Keywords: purity of speech, interference, the Russian language, the Ukrainian language, influence, language norms, law enforcement agencies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 1 ijunja 2005 g. # 53-FZ «O gosudarstvennom jazyke Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_53749/ (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
2. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/ (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
3. Zakon RF ot 25 oktjabrja 1991 g. # 1807-I «O jazykah narodov Rossijskoj Federacii» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://normativ.kontur.ru/document?moduleId=1&documentId=12411 (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
4. Vinogradov V. A. Interferencija // Lingvisticheskij jenciklopedicheskij slovar' / gl. re. V. N. Jarceva. – M., 1990.
5. D'jachkov M. V. Problemy dvujazych'ja (mnogojazychija).– M., 1992.
6. Smirnova M. I. Osobennosti jazykovoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii v Krymu // Razvitie gosudarstvennosti i prava v Respublike Krym: realii i perspektivy: materialy Vseros. nauch.-prakt.konf., 5 fevr. 2016 g. / pod obshh. red. S. A. Butkevicha. – Krasnodar: Krasnodarskij universitet MVD Rossii, 2016. – S. 186-190.
7. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka Ozhegova C. I.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://ozhegov.textologia.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
8. Chernysheva A. O., Sallivan Je. Interferencija v russkoj rechi nositelja anglijskogo jazyka. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https: //cyberleninka.ru/article/n/interferentsiya-v-russkoyrechi-nositelya-angliyskogo-yazyka/viewer (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
9. Jazyki Kryma. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%AF%D0%B7%D1%8B%D0%BA%D0%B8_%D0%9A%D1%80%D1%8B%D0%BC%D0%B0 (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
 
SPORTS LAW
Lebedev A. V., Andreev S. A., Sayafarov V. S.
On the issue of the effectiveness of the resolution of sports disputes by specialized arbitration courts
This article analyzes the provisions of the legislation of the Russian Federation on the arbitration of sports disputes. The author examines some aspects of the changes made by the legislator and identifies problematic issues. The law on sports is analyzed. The new norms introduced by the legislation in the field of sports are considered. The most famous arbitration court is also highlighted.
Keywords: sports law, sports disputes, Sports Arbitration Court, International Commercial Arbitration Court, arbitration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev S. V. Sportivnoe pravo Rossii: Uchebnik dlja studentov vuzov, obuchajushhihsja po napravlenijam «Jurisprudencija» i «Fizicheskaja kul'tura i sport».- M.: JuNITI-DANA, Zakon i pravo, 2015. - 695 s.
2. Pogosjan E. V. Al'ternativnye formy razreshenija sportivnyh sporov (sravnitel'no-pravovoj aspekt)// Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process. - 2013. - #8. - S. 26-292.
3. Pogosjan E. V. Formy razreshenija sportivnyh sporov:monografija. - M.: Volters Kluver, 2011. - 223 s.
 
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Le Hoang Viet Lam
Corporate social responsibility in COVID-19 pandemic contributes to sustainable development: a case study of Vietnam
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a corporate commitment to contribute to sustainable development through balancing three factors, namely economics, society and environment, in which social assistance and charity are a very important component in CSR.
Performing good CSR will bring benefits to both businesses and the society.
In the current period, as the Covid-2019 pandemic is arising, busisnesses in Vietnam have been positively performing CSR through many measures and finding ways to perfoming their CSR; participating in manufacturing equipment, machines and electronic softwares; supporting money and medical equipment to join the society in the fight against the pandemic. These essential activities have contributed to helping the society and people reduce risks, ensuring social wealthfare and human security for the sustainable development goal.
The article clarifies the current situation of CSR performance in Vietnam during the COVID-19 pandemic, gives some comments and evaluations, and suggests policy implications to improve CSR performance in a difficult context.
Keywords: COVID-19; sustainable development; Corporate Social Responsibility.
Work bibliographic list
1. Veb-sajt Mezhdunarodnogo valjutnogo fonda MVF.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.imf.org/en (data obrashhenija: 26.07.2021).
2. Vu H. O razvertyvanii ustanovki prilozhenij Bluzone.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://emohbackup.moh.gov.vn/publish/home?documentId=8046(data obrashhenija: 26.07.2021).
3. Dao Ngok Tuan. Korporativnaja social'naja otvetstvennost' pered nyneshnej pandemiej koronavirusa vo V'etname. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://phapluatphattrien.vn/nghien-cuu-lyluan/trach-nhiem-xa-hoi-cua-doanh-nghiep-truoc-daidich-covid-19-o-viet-nam-hien-nay, opublikovano 4 avgusta 2020 g. (data obrashhenija: 26.07.2021).
4. Le N. H. Istorija i sociologicheskaja teorija. – Hanoj: Social'nye nauki, 2017.
5. Min' Fyong. Bankovskij sektor pozhertvoval 140 milliardov dongov na predotvrashhenie i bor'bu s pandemiej koronavirusa. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://baotintuc.vn/thi-truong-taichinh/nganh-ngan-hang-ung-ho-140-ty-dong-phongchong-dich-covid19-20200317130049739.htm, opublikovano 17 marta 2020 g. (data obrashhenija: 26.07.2021).
6. Nguen Nam. Prisoedinjat'sja k bor'be s pandemiej koronavirusa. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://saigondautu.com.vn/kinh-te/chungtay-chong-dich-covid-19-77786.html, opublikovano 19 marta 2020 g. (data obrashhenija: 26.07.2021).
7. Pravitel'stvo Socialisticheskoj Respubliki V'etnam. 2020. Direktiva #11/CT-TTG «O neotlozhnyh zadachah i reshenijah po ustraneniju trudnostej dlja proizvodstva i biznesa, obespecheniju social'noj zashhity dlja bor'by s jepidemiej koronavirusa» – Hanoj.
8. Fyong Hoa. Socializacija istochnikov finansirovanija dlja pokupki vakciny ot koronavirusa.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://nhandan.com.vn/ban-doc-viet/xa-hoi-hoa-nguon-kinhphi-mua-vac-xin-day-lui-covid-19-638281/opublikovano 13 marta 2021 goda. (data obrashhenija: 26.07.2021).
9. Central'nyj otdel propagandy. Informacionnyj reporter. – # 6/2020. Ministerstvo zdravoohranenija V'etnama. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ncov.moh.gov.vn/ (data obrashhenija:26.07.2021).
10. Chung Van. FPT vnosit 20 milliardov dongov i karantinnuju zonu s bolee chem 2000 mest dlja predotvrashhenija pandemii koronavirusa. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://vtv.vn/trong-nuoc/fpt-dong-gop-20-ty-dong-va-khu-cach-ly-hon-2000-
cho-phong-chong-dich-covid-19-20200322141839765.htm, opublikovano 22 marta 2020 g. (data obrashhenija: 26.07.2021).
11. Vingroup, FPT i milliarder Fam N'jat Vyong byli udostoeny chesti v bor'be s pandemiej koronavirusa v Azii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://vtv.vn/trong-nuoc/fpt-va-ty-phu-pham-nhatvuong-duoc-vinh-danh-trong-cuoc-chien-chong-covid-19-tai-chau-a-20200421115634859.htm, opublikovano 21.04.2020. (data obrashhenija: 26.07.2021).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Ishmeeva A. S., Salikhova S. F.
Globalization and economic security of the state
This article examines the impact of globalization on the country’s economy as a whole, on the
economic security of the state, the authors pay attention to the analysis of internal contradictions
in the development of globalization, as well as theoretical and practical problems of ensuring the
economic security of the state in the context of modern globalization.
Keywords: world economy, globalization, safe development, economic security, liberalization,
anti-globalization, international division of labor, geopolitical goals, WTO, unity, domestic politics, internationalization of production.
Work bibliographic list
1. O strategii jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2030 goda: Ukaz prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 maja 2017 goda # 208 // Sistema Konsul'tantPljus. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 24.07.2021).
2. Aktual'nye problemy mirovoj jekonomiki i jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' gosudarstva / U. Z. Safin, M. A. Rahmatullin – Ufa: UJuI MVD RF, 2015. –106 s.
3. Mirovoj finansovyj krizis i jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' Rossii: analiz, problemy i perspektivy. – M.: Jekonomika, 2010. – 208 s.
4. Harisova Z. I. Aktual'nye problemy dejatel'nosti pravoohranitel'nyh organov po protivodejstviju prestupnosti v global'noj seti «Internet»// Vestnik Ufimskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2019. – # 3 (85). – S. 92-98.
5. Harisova Z. I. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo v oblasti protivodejstvija jekonomicheskim prestuplenijam s ispol'zovaniem kriptovaljut // V sb.:Organizacija Ob"edinennyh Nacij i global'nye problemy chelovechestva v HHI veke. Sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Otvetstvennyj redaktor R. V. Nigmatullin. – 2019. – S. 256-263.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Korgun I. A., Nguen K.H., Gorbacheva V. O.
Vietnam’s participation in regional integration processes:interim results and prospects
Active involvement of Viet Nam into integration processes is a central component of the government’s economic development strategy. Joining various free trade zones is aimed at intensifying trade and investment relations with countries both in East Asia and in other regions.
Strengthening and improving market economy mechanisms as well expansion of the international presence of Vietnamese goods has been also declared as one of the major goals by the ruling party of Viet Nam. A comparatively new trend towards creation of mega trading blocs like RCEP also contributes to the deepening of intra-regional economic ties between Viet Nam and its partners.
Although participation in mega trade blocs presents major opportunities for further development, it is also associated with certain risks. This article seeks to explore major results of Viet Nam’s integration strategy together with opportunities and challenges it can present.
Keywords: Vietnam, integration, trade, free trade zone, mega trade blocs, East Asia.
Work bibliographic list
1. Mazyrin V. M. V'etnam: zony svobodnoj torgovli //Mirovaja jekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija.– 2016. – T. 60. – # 3. – S. 72-82.
2. Sovremennyj V'etnam: spravochnik. – M.: Institut Dal'nego Vostoka RAN, 2015. – S. 84-85.
3. Trần Thị Mai Trang, Đỗ Thị Mai Thanh. Zametnoe vlijanie soglashenija o svobodnoj torgovle novogo pokolenija na jekonomicheskij rost V'etnama // Sbornik nauchnyh dokladov «Jekonomika V'etnama v 2018 godu i perspektivy na 2019 god». – Hanoj, 2018.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Loginova A. S., Odinokova A. V., Mayorova S. A.
Analysis of the development of foreign economic relations of the EAEU member states
The modern development of world economic relations is characterized by the strengthening of the processes of globalization, regionalization and liberalization, as a result of which international trade expands, new international integration associations are formed.
At present, the number of such international organizations has exceeded the number of states. According to the Union of International Associations as of July 2020 there are 73,000 international organizations in all areas of human life.
Keywords: foreign economic activity, customs union, economy, foreign economic potential, priorities for the development of the national economy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseenko E. EAJeS k 2025 g.: prioritety i ozhidanija gosudarstv-chlenov. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://mgimo.ru/upload/iblock/679/alekseenkova.pdf (data obrashhenija 04.03.2021).
2. Demidovich Ja. Opyt Zapadnoj Evropy v razvitii Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://by-by.info/eaes/2018/12/10/1544448376/opit-ES-razvitie-EAES/(data obrashhenija: 06.03.2021).
3. Dmitrjakov O. D., Smirnov E. I. Transportnyj aspekt v jekonomicheskom razvitii EAJeS na primere Armenii // V sbornike: Jekonomicheskie strategii EAJeS: problemy i innovacii. Sbornik materialov II Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Rossijskij universitet druzhby narodov. – 2019. – S. 349-356.
4. Interv'ju s K. Rahimovym, Predsedatelem Komiteta TPP KR po voprosam promyshlennoj politiki, jeksporta, infrastruktury i GChP, Respublika Kyrgyzstan ot 13 oktjabrja 2016 g. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://russiancouncil.ru/papers/EAEU2025-Paper-ru.pdf (data obrashhenija:07.03.2021).
5. Minasjan S. Armenija – ES: podgotovka novogo ramochnogo soglashenija o sotrudnichestve. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.old.russiancouncil.ru/inner/?id_4=8802#top-content (data obrashhenija: 05.03.2021).
6. Oficial'nyj sajt ZAO «Svobodnaja Jekonomicheskaja Zona Megri». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://panarmfund.am/ru/meghrifez/ (data obrashhenija: 05.03.2021).
7. Oficial'nyj sajt Ministerstva jekonomiki Respubliki Armenija «Puti stimulirovanija vneshne-jekonomicheskoj politiki: Tigran Hachatrjan prinjal uchastie v panel'noj sessii «Evrazijskoj nedeli».– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mineconomy.am/ru/news/1097 (data obrashhenija:04.03.2021).
8. Reshenie Evrazijskoj jekonomicheskoj komissii # 2 ot 11.12.2020 g. «Strategicheskie napravlenija razvitija evrazijskoj jekonomicheskoj integracii do 2025 g.». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://docs.eaeunion.org/docs/ru-ru/01428320/err_12012021_12 (data obrashhenija: 10.03.2021).
9. Rossijskaja gazeta «Mezhdunarodnyj finansovyj centr «Astana» mozhet stat' inkubatorom dlja finansovogo reguljatora EAJeS». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2019/05/31/mezhdunarodnyj-finansovyj-centr-astana-mozhet-statinkubatorom-dlia-finansovogo-reguliatora-eaes.html (data obrashhenija: 06.03.2021).
10. Shamahov V. A., Maksimcev I. A., Mezhevich N. M. Vneshnejekonomicheskie svjazi Rossii i Belarusi:ob"ektivnye vozmozhnosti i sub"ektivnye prepjatstvija razvitija // Upravlencheskoe konsul'tirovanie. – 2019. – # 10. – S. 8-16.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Mikheev P. N.
Methodological approaches to organization of risk management and internal control division in oil and gas companies
The issues of the organization of risk management and internal control division in oil and gas companies are considered. The relevance of a subject is caused by need of creation and continuous development of a risk management and internal control system in large vertically integrated oil and gas companies providing sufficient confidence in achievement of the organization goals and also appropriate control of financial and economic activity.
Important element of this system is the risk management and internal control division, which forms uniform policy in the area of risk management and internal control, carries out methodological support ensuring its realization.
On the basis of the carried-out analysis of standard legal requirements, studying of practice of the relevant divisions in the Russian and foreign companies need of formation of specialized risk management and internal control division is determined in the oil and gas companies – public joint stock companies. Within «model of three lines» the main objectives and functions of participants of a risk management system and internal control are considered.
Keywords: risk management, internal control, business process, three lines, oil and gas industry, public joint stock companies, risk management and internal control division.
Work bibliographic list
1. 95-letie kontrol'no-revizionnyh organov Rossijskoj Federacii // Informacija Federal'nogo kaznachejstva. 2018. Rezhim dostupa https://smolensk.roskazna.gov.ru.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 26.12.2008 # 294-FZ (redakcija ot 11.06.2021) «O zashhite prav juridicheskih lic i individual'nyh predprinimatelej pri osushhestvlenii gosudarstvennogo kontrolja (nadzora) i municipal'nogo kontrolja» // Stat'ja 8.1. Rezhim dostupa: sistema Konsul'tantPljus.
3. Kodeks korporativnogo upravlenija // Vestnik Banka Rossii. # 40 (1518). 2014. C. 47. Rezhim dostupa:sistema Konsul'tantPljus.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 26.12.1995 # 208-FZ (redakcija ot 02.07.2021) «Ob akcionernyh obshhestvah. //Stat'ja 87.1. Rezhim dostupa: sistema Konsul'tant-Pljus.
5. O rekomendacijah po organizacii upravlenija riskami, vnutrennego kontrolja, vnutrennego audita, raboty komiteta soveta direktorov (nabljudatel'nogo soveta) po auditu v publichnyh akcionernyh obshhestvah // Informacionnoe pis'mo Banka Rossii ot 01.10.2020 # IN-06-28/143. Rezhim dostupa:sistema Konsul'tantPljus.
6. O sozdanii sluzhby vnutrennego kontrolja // Pis'mo Rosimushhestva ot 11.12.2013 # OD-08/58104. Rezhim dostupa: sistema Konsul'tantPljus.
7. Federal'nyj zakon ot 06.12.2011 # 402-FZ (redakcija ot 26.07.2019) «O buhgalterskom uchete» // Stat'ja 19. Rezhim dostupa: sistema Konsul'tantPljus.
8. Ob utverzhdenii Trebovanij k organizacii sistemy vnutrennego kontrolja // Prikaz FNS Rossii ot 16.06.2017 # MMV-7-15/509@. Rezhim dostupa: sistema Konsul'tantPljus.
9. Metodicheskie rekomendacii Rosimushhestva po podgotovke polozhenija o sisteme upravlenija riskami // Direktivy Rosimushhestva ot 30.06.2015 # 05/26365. Rezhim dostupa: sistema Konsul'tant-Pljus.
10. Mezhdunarodnyj standart audita 265 «Informirovanie lic, otvechajushhih za korporativnoe upravlenie, i rukovodstva o nedostatkah v sisteme vnutrennego kontrolja» // Prikaz Minfina Rossii ot 09.01.2019 # 2n. Rezhim dostupa: sistema Konsul'tantPljus.
11. Mezhdunarodnyj standart audita 315 (peresmotrennyj) «Vyjavlenie i ocenka riskov sushhestvennogo iskazhenija posredstvom izuchenija organizacii i ee okruzhenija // Prikaz Minfina Rossii ot 09.01.2019 # 2n. Rezhim dostupa: sistema Konsul'tantPljus.
12. Godovoj otchet PAO «Gazprom» za 2020 god. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gazprom.ru/investors/disclosure/reports/2020.
13. Godovoj otchet PAO «NK «Rosneft'» za 2020 god.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.rosneft.ru/investors.
14. Godovoj otchet PAO «Lukojl» za 2020 god. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lukoil.ru/InvestorAndShareholderCenter/RegulatoryDisclosure.
15. Godovoj otchet kompanii BP za 2020 god. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.bp.com.
16. Godovoj otchet kompanii Shell za 2020 god. Rezhim dostupa: https://www.shell.com.
17. Informacija Mincifry Rossii ot 19.04.2021 «Pravitel'stvo utverdilo direktivy po cifrovoj transformacii goskompanij» // Rezhim dostupa:sistema Konsul'tantPljus.
18. Model' treh linij. Obnovlenie modeli treh linij zashhity // Institut vnutrennih auditorov.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://na.theiia.org.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Naboko S. Yu., Vasiljeva E. V., Sichenko N. S.
The current trends of development of the car tourism in Russia:infrastructure and digitalization of services
The article considers the problems and availability of development of the roadside service in Russia. The article analyses the needs in digitalization of car tourists in Russia. The article describes the opportunities of digitalization for improving roadside service and development of car tourism in the regions of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: car tourism, roadside service, digitalization of services.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avtoturizm v Rossii v 2020 godu // Rossijskaja akademija transporta, 15.06.2020. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://rosacademtrans.ru/avtoturism (data obrashhenija: 22.07.2021).
2. Avtoturizm v Rossii – nastojashhee i budushhee. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.atorus.ru/all/article/2434.html (data obrashhenija:22.07.2021).
3. Bystro ne doehat' i ne otdohnut': Problemy rossijskih avtoturistov // Rezul'taty oprosa Analiticheskij centr NAFI. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://NAFI.RU/EN/ANALYTICS/BYSTRO-NE-DOEEKHAT-I-NE-OTDOKHNUTPROBLEMY-ROSSIYSKHIKH-AVTOTURISTOV (data obrashhenija: 22.07.2021).
4. Val'kova T. M., Shabalin A. D., Shabalina N. V. Osobennosti razvitija avtomobil'nogo turizma v Rossii // Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. – 2019. – # 3. – S. 56-65.
5. Dorozhnaja razmetka: deputaty zadumalis' o razvitii avtoturizma // Izvestija. 20.11.2020. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://iz.ru/1089541/iaroslava-kostenko/dorozhnaia-razmetka-deputatyzadumalis-o-razvitii-avtoturizma (data obrashhenija:
22.07.2021).
6. Zeljonaja stojanka «Jelitnaja»: Lenoblast' mechtaet o pridorozhnyh turklasterah. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.dp.ru/a/2021/01/15/Zeljonaja_stojanka_JElitn (data obrashhenija: 15.01.2021).
7. Razvitie avtomobil'nogo turizma i transportnoj infrastruktury – zalog jevoljucii puteshestvij vnutri Rossii» // Materialy konferencii 29.09.2020 Komiteta po predprinimatel'stvu v sfere turizma. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://tpprf.ru/ru/interation/committee/komtur/news/380147/ (data obrashhenija: 15.01.2021).
8. Rosturizm. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://tourism.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 15.01.2021).
9. Turisty rasskazali, chem otlichaetsja otdyh v Rossii i za rubezhom. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20210605/otpusk-1735638295.html(data obrashhenija: 05.06.2021).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Fazrakhmanov I. I., Nabieva K. I.
The role and importance of investments in a modern oil and gas company
The article considers the role and importance of investments for the development of modern oil and gas companies. The factors of the inflow of investments into the oil and gas industry are studied.
The key vectors of investment development of oil and gas companies are identified. It is shown that the inflows of investments in the oil and gas industry of the country provide financing not only for production business areas, but also ensure the implementation of environmental, social, socially significant projects.
Keywords: investment, company, oil and gas industry, factors, development, vector.
Work bibliographic list
1. Auditorsko-konsaltingovoj kompanii «Ernst & Young». Issledovanie dinamiki prjamyh investicij. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.ey.com/ru_ru/attractiveness (data obrashhenija: 15.08.2021).
2. Rossinskaja G. M., Fomina E. A., Hodkovskaja Ju. V. Razvitie social'nogo predprinimatel'stva kak faktor ustojchivogo jekonomicheskogo rosta v regione // Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 4 (160). – S. 88-92.
3. Fomina E. A., Hodkovskaja Ju. V., Ahmetov Je. A. Stejkholderskaja model' v kontekste strategicheskogo upravlenija prirodoemkim biznesom // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 6 (157). – S. 469-471.
4. Hodkovskaja Ju. V., Karacheva D. A. Drajvery razvitija predprinimatel'skoj iniciativy v social'no orientirovannom biznese regiona // Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. – 2021.–# 4 (160). – S. 144-148.
5. Hodkovskaja Ju. V., Ostapchuk D. A., Hasanov R. R. Innovacii v jepohu cifrovyh preobrazovanij // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 3 (143).– S. 400-403.
6. Hodkovskaja Ju. V., Fomina E. A., Lavrent'eva K. D., Sultanova Je. I. Social'noe blago v stejkholderskoj modeli // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.– 2021. – # 6 (157). – S. 486-487.
7. Manolovm G., Orlova D., Khodkovskaya J., Barkova E., Nazarov M. Strategy for intellectual specialization of sustainable development of regions / First conference on sustainable development: industrial future of territories). Konferencija «IFT 2020». – 2020. – Vol.208. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202020808009/ (data obrashhenija: 10.08.2021).
8. Peskova D. R., Khodkovskaya J. V., Nazarov M. A. The driver of development and transformation of global oil and gas business in digital economy’s conditions. 17th International Scientific Conference «Problems of Enterprise Development: Theory and Practice». –2019. – # 62, 03005 (2019). – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.shs-conferences.org/articles/shsconf/pdf/2019/03/shsconf_pedtp2018_03005.pdf (data obrashhenija: 24.07.2021).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Shalaginova N. A., Shvachkin I. E.
On the issue of legal regulation of smart contracts:problem statement
The scientific article identifies the main problems associated with the legal regulation of smart contracts. The paradigm of the application of smart contracts and their role in the mechanism of legal regulation is investigated. It is concluded that understanding the activity and validity of a smart contract between the facts creates a prerequisite for the successful use of smart contracts in
economic turnover.
Keywords: digital economy, smart contract, contractual regulation of relations, atypical contractual constructions, sources (forms) of economic law, globalization, integration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Rossii ot 30.09.2018 # 2101-r «Ob utverzhdenii kompleksnogo plana modernizacii i rasshirenija magistral'noj infrastruktury na period do 2024 goda» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva. – 2018. – # 42 (chast' II). – St. 6480.
2. Ahmedov A. Ja., Volos A. A., Volos E. P. Koncepcija pravovogo regulirovanija otnoshenij, oslozhnennyh ispol'zovaniem smart-kontraktov / Pod obshh. red. A. A. Volosa. – M.: Prospekt, 2021. – S. 7-12.
3. Ershov V. V., Ashmarina E. M., Kornev V. N. Jekonomicheskoe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii. – M.: RGUP, 2017.
4. Efimova L. G., Sizemova O. B. Pravovaja priroda smart-kontrakta // Bankovskoe pravo. – 2019. – # 1. – S. 22-23.
5. Informacionnoe pis'mo Banka Rossii ot 14.08.2018 # IN-014-12/54 «O nacional'noj ocenke riskov OD/FT» // Vestnik Banka Rossii. – # 64. –29.08.2018.
6. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Rossii ot 30.09.2018 # 2101-r «Ob utverzhdenii kompleksnogo plana modernizacii i rasshirenija magistral'noj infrastruktury na period do 2024 goda» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva. – 2018. – # 42 (chast' II). – St. 6480.
7. Chub D. V. Pravovoe regulirovanie smart kontraktov vo Francii. Zarubezhnyj opyt. Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2019. – #8 (105). – S. 152.
8. Dondero B. Les smart contracts // La semaine juridique. Décembre. – 2017. – P. 19.
9. Mathis B. Quand l’Italie tente à son tour de légiférer sur la blockchain // Actualités du droit. Wolters Kluwer France. 07.02.2019. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.actualitesdudroit.fr/browse/tech-droit/blockchain/19530/quand-l-italietente-a-sontour-de-legiferer-sur-la-blockchain (data obrashhenija: 15.08.2021).
10. SberTalks: lekcija G. O. Grefa «Jevoljucioniruj ili vymresh'» v innovacionnom centre Skolkovo ot 11.07.2017. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l7kG6yjtS5c (data obrashhenija: 15.08.2021).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Chernyavskaya E. V.
The mechanism of customs regulation of intra-industry trade of the Russian Federation in meat and meat products on foreign markets and on the territory of the EAEU
In the context of increasing the production of meat and meat products and reaching the threshold of self-sufficiency with these products, the Russian Federation faces the task of reducing the volume of imports of meat and meat products and increasing the volume of exports.
The article presents the results of the intra-industry trade of the Russian Federation in meat and meat products on the foreign market in the period from 2012 to 2019 and on the territory of the EAEU in the period from 2016 to 2020. The Grubel-Lloyd index was used as a quantitative tool.
Keywords: agro-industrial complex, meat and meat products, customs authorities, intra-industry trade, mutual trade, Grubel-Lloyd index.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gosudarstvennaja programma razvitija sel'skogo hozjajstva i regulirovanija rynka sel'skohozjajstvennoj produkcii, syr'ja i prodovol'stvija, Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 14 ijulja 2012 goda #717 «O Gosudarstvennoj programme razvitija sel'skogo hozjajstva i regulirovanija rynkov sel'skohozjajstvennoj produkcii, syr'ja i prodovol'stvija» (s izmenenijami na 6 aprelja 2021 goda). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.base.garant.ru (data obrashhenija 01.07.2021).
2. Novikov V.E. Predposylki ucheta potrebitel'noj stoimosti v tamozhennom regulirovanii tovarnyh potokov // Vestnik Rossijskoj tamozhennoj akademii. 2013. # 3. S. 20.
3. Oficial'nyj sajt Evrazijskoj jekonomicheskoj komissii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.eurasiancommission.org (data obrashhenija 29.06.2021).
4. Oficial'nyj sajt Jekspertno-analiticheskogo centra Agrobiznesa. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ab-centre.ru (data obrashhenija 30.06.2021).
5. Pak E.V. Mezhdunarodnaja vnutriotraslevaja torgovlja kak faktor uglublenija integracii v EAJeS // Rossijskij vneshnejekonomicheskij vestnik. 2018. # 2.
6. Grubel H. Intra-industry Trade: the Theory and Measurement of International Trade with Differentiated Product / Herbert Grubel, Peter Lloyd. - London: Macmillan, - 1975. - P. 205.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Chervontseva M. A.
Problem aspects of intellectual performance management in industrial technoparks
The article examines the features of the functioning of technoparks in Russia. The main models of the functioning of Russian technoparks are analyzed. The advantages of managing the results of intellectual activity of technoparks are indicated. The problematic aspects of managing the results of intellectual activity and the development of Russian techno-parks are highlighted.
Keywords: intellectual property, technopark, management, results of intellectual activity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bil'dina O. V. Gosudarstvennaja podderzhka tehnoparkov kak organizacionnoj formy razvitija innovacionnoj sfery nacional'noj jekonomiki: avtoref. dis.… kand. jekon. nauk / 08.00.05. – M., 2007. – 26 s.
2. Kuvshinov A. M. Problemy upravlenija intellektual'noj sobstvennost'ju v innovacionnom klastere //Trendy i upravlenie. – 2018. – # 1. – S. 11.
3. Nacional'nyj standart RF GOST R 56425-2015 Tehnoparki. Trebovanija (s izm. # 1) // Jelektronnyj fond pravovyh i normativno-tehnicheskih dokumentov.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200121795.
4. Tehnoparki Rossii: ezhegodnyj obzor / M. M. Buharova, L. V. Danilov, E. A. Kashinova, E. I. Kravchenko, M. A. Labudin, M. A. Mahaeva, A. G. Shipugin, A. V. Shpilenko; Associacija razvitija klasterov i tehnoparkov Rossii. Tom 6. — M.: AKIT RF, 2020. — 110 s.
5. Shpilenko A. Mery gosudarstvennoj podderzhki promyshlennyh tehnoparkov. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. -Rezhim dostupa: https://minpromtorg.gov.ru/common/upload/files/docs/Gospodderzhka_promparki_klastery_AKT%5B1%5D.pdf.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Arzhaev F. I.
Yuan in the foreign exchange market of Asian countries:the impact of the coronary crisis and prospects
The Asian foreign exchange market is one of the most dynamically developing markets in the world. It has a number of features, among which the significant role of the yuan in financial architecture stands out. China has the largest economy in Asia and one of the most developed financial systems among developing countries, which dictates the need to consider the yuan as one of the key currencies not only in Asia, but throughout the world. However, the crisis caused by the coronavirus. The purpose of this article is to identify the main distinguishing features of the yuan, its prospects in the context of the coronavirus crisis. The article provides forecasts of the dynamics of changes in the use of the yuan in international settlements in the context of the new financial normality and high uncertainty caused by the coronavirus crisis. The main conclusion is that the position of the Chinese yuan has not weakened, the prerequisites for its further advancement in the world currency market have been preserved, although the current preconditions are forming a negative external environment.
Keywords: Yuan, coronacrisis, international settlements, national currencies, transformation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Van Kaj Formirovanie i perspektivy razvitija kitajskih transnacional'nyh bankov // Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija. 2015. # 16.
2. Özlem Onaran From the Crisis of Distribution to the Distribution of the Costs of the Crisis: What Can We Learn from Previous Crises about the Effects of the Financial Crisis on Labor Share? // The Global Labor University Conference. 2009. S. 1-20.
3. The World Bank Group Global Economic Prospects. Heightened Tensions. Subdued Investment. Washingtod DC: Creative Commons Attribution, 2019. 182 s.
4. Yinqiu Lu, Yilin Wang Determinants of Currency Composition of Reserves: a Portfolio Theory Approach with an Application to RMB // IMF Working Paper. 2019. # WP 19/52. S. 1-44.
5. BMR // Bank for International Settlements. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.bis.org(data obrashhenija: 07.09.2021).
6. Vlijanie jeksporta na rost kitajskoj jekonomiki //McKinsey&Company. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://vestnikmckinsey.ru/goverment/vliyanie-ehksporta-na-rost-kitajskoj-ehkonomiki (data obrashhenija: 07.09.2021).
7. Gusev D.I. Dedollarizacija rossijskoj jekonomiki:staraja problema, novye reshenija // Nauchno-analiticheskij vestnik instituta Evropy RAN. 2018. #6. S. 125-131.
8. Druzhba na rasstojanii ruki // Kommersant. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3984186 (data obrashhenija:07.09.2021).
9. Kitaj pytaetsja uvelichit' mezhdunarodnuju rol' juanja // Gazeta «Vedomosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vedomosti.ru/finance/articles/2019/01/02/790557-kitai-uvelichit-rol-yuanya
(data obrashhenija: 07.09.2021).
10. Pust' ideja chelovecheskogo soobshhestva s edinoj sud'boj osvetit ves' mir! // Posol'stvo KNR v RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ru.chinaembassy.
org/rus/sghd/t1619657.htm (data obrashhenija:07.09.2021).
11. RMB Tracker Monthly reporting and statistics on renminbi (RMB) progress towards becoming an international currency // RMB Tracker. 2019. July. S. 1-9.
12. Swift RMB Tracker (Swift [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.swift.com (data obrashhenija: 07.09.2021).
13. Malen'kij chelovek protiv global'nyh riskov // Vedomosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vedomosti.ru/opinion/columns/2020/11/26/848302-malenkii-chelovek-protiv-globalnih-riskov (data obrashhenija: 07.09.2021).
14. Sostavlen rejting samyh postradavshih valjut ot koronakrizisa // Rossijskaja gazeta. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2020/11/20/sostavlen-rejting-samyh-postradavshih-valiut-otkoronakrizisa.html (data obrashhenija: 07.09.2021).
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Bondarenko N. G.
The phenomenon of alienation in historical and philosophical retrospect
Relevance. The phenomenon of alienation within the framework of philosophical understanding is a complex multi-component concept, which is determined by the otherness of philosophical views and understandings of this phenomenon. The relevance of philosophical and scientific research on the forms and content of the phenomenon of alienation is determined by the need to integrate one’s own Self, the social self, the ability to resist the depersonalization of the Self.
The object of research. The phenomenon of alienation as a philosophical concept.
The subject of the study. Philosophical concepts of the phenomenon of alienation in the history of philosophical thought.
The purpose of the study. It consists in a philosophical understanding and understanding of the phenomenon of alienation in the retrospective period from various conceptual views.
Research objectives. They consist in the historical and philosophical analysis of various conceptual views, the detection of the phenomenon’s own content.
Research methodology. The author uses a philosophical-epistemological approach based on generally recognized methods of scientific cognition: analogy, abstraction, deduction, etc., due to the phenomenological principles of research.
The results of the study. They consist in the detection of the contents of the historical and philosophical paradigm of understanding the phenomenon of alienation and the descriptive presentation of their own views.
Keywords: subject, objectification, phenomenon, philosophical concept, self-alienation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Calvin J. (1854). Commentaries on the epistles of Paul to the Galatians and Ephesians. (translated by William Pringle). - Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society.
2. Durkheim E. (1976). Anomie and suicide. In L. A. Coser& B. Rosenberg (Ed.) Sociological theory. - New York:MacMillan. - R. 415-424.
3. Gerth H. H., & Mills, C. W. (1946). From Max Weber: Essays in sociology. - New York: Oxford University Press.- P. 445-467.
4. Hamid S. (1997). Alienation: a theoretical overview. //Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research. - Vol. 12. -Nos. 1-2. - P. 45-60.
5. Kanungo R. N. (1982). Work alienation: An integrative approach. - New York: Praeger Publishers. - P. 200.
6. Marx K. (1976). The notion of alienation. In L. A. Coser & B. Rosenberg (Ed.) Sociological theory. - New York: MacMillan. - R. 397-401.
7. Rousseau Jean-Jacques [1754–1755], (1997). Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men or Second Discourse, in The Discourses and Other Early Political Writings, Gourevitch, Victor (ed. and tr.).- Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. - P. 111–232.
8. Seeman M. (1991). Alienation and anomie. In Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes. – New York: Academic Pres. - R. 291-371.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Vinogradov A. V., Zaytsev N. N., Levchenko D. V.
Transformation of Plato’s political philosophy into National Socialism
The team of authors examines the dynamics in the interpretation of the ideas of political philosophy of Plato in Germany in the first half of the 20th century, the beginning of which was laid by Ulrich von Wilamowitz. His presentation of Plato was accepted by a society in deep crisis, and created the preconditions for further interpretation by Kurt Hildebrandt, who drew parallels between Plato and Hitler.
Keywords: Plato, political philosophy, interpretation, Germany, National Socialism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Artamoshin S.V. Idejnye istoki nacional-socializma. Brjansk. Izd-vo: BGU im. I.G. Petrovskogo. –2002. – 184 s.
2. Vinogradov A.V., Zajcev N.N. Interpretacija nemeckoj klassicheskoj filosofii ideologami fashizma // Istorija. Istoriki. Istochniki. – 2021. –# 1. – S. 1-11.
3. Malyh G.I. K voprosu o stanovlenii ideologii germanskogo fashizma // Kul'tura. Nauka. Obrazovanie. – 2020. – # 2 (55). – S. 22-27.
4. Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff Platon. Leben und Werke. Band 1. – Berlin: Weidmann. – 1920. – 776 S.
5. Hildebrandt, Kurt Nietzsches Wettkampf mit Sokrates und Plato [Text] / Kurt Hildebrandt. – Dresden : Sibyllen Verlag. – 1922. – 117 S.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Borovoy E. M.
Simulacrum and fake as tools of the formation of the image of another
Concepts such as simulacrum and fake are important categories in the scientific discourse of social philosophy. Both the approaches to explaining these concepts and the characteristics of the peculiarities of their application in the practice of shaping public opinion and consciousness are significant. In this regard, this article provides a description of the concepts of simulacrum and fake. At the same time, the author reveals the peculiarities of the simulacrum’s appeal to a real event and comparison with it, as well as the installation of a fake to highlight knowingly false facts of reality. The analytical part of the study is based on the demonstration of examples of building the image of the “alien” in practice, highlighting its negative characteristics. The image of the “alien” was presented through the prism of current philosophical concepts, and, in particular, using the point of view of R. Girard, formed in relation to this phenomenon.
Keywords: simulacrum, fake, social philosophy, the image of an alien, mass consciousness, manipulation of consciousness, the concept of “persecution”.
Work bibliographic list
1. Artamoshin S.V. Idejnye istoki nacional-socializma. Brjansk. Izd-vo: BGU im. I.G. Petrovskogo. –2002. – 184 s.
2. Vinogradov A.V., Zajcev N.N. Interpretacija nemeckoj klassicheskoj filosofii ideologami fashizma // Istorija. Istoriki. Istochniki. – 2021. –# 1. – S. 1-11.
3. Malyh G.I. K voprosu o stanovlenii ideologii germanskogo fashizma // Kul'tura. Nauka. Obrazovanie. – 2020. – # 2 (55). – S. 22-27.
4. Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff Platon. Leben und Werke. Band 1. – Berlin: Weidmann. – 1920. – 776 S.
5. Hildebrandt, Kurt Nietzsches Wettkampf mit Sokrates und Plato [Text] / Kurt Hildebrandt. – Dresden : Sibyllen Verlag. – 1922. – 117 S.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Zubkov S. A., Frolov M. O.
Ecophilic philosophy and environmental organizations and parties
The article reveals an understanding of the role of environmental movements, organizations and parties in the history and theorization of environmental and ecophilic knowledge for solving environmental problems, greening science, improving the quality of life of the population. The identification of changes in public consciousness in relation to nature under the influence of the
activities of various types of environmental associations is a positive shift in the framework of minimizing the environmental impact on the environment, the formation of environmental culture, ecophilicity of care for nature and life, and environmental protection.
Keywords: ecophilicity, ecological organizations, ecological parties.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borejko V. E. Proryv v jekologicheskuju jetiku. – K.:Izd-vo Logos, 2013. – 168 s.
2. Borejko V. E. Filosofy zoozashhity i prirodoohrany. – K.: Logos, 2012. – 180 s.
3. Gafurov S., Mitina D. Boevaja jekologija. Kak Greenpeace, WWF i drugie mezhdunarodnye jekologicheskie organizacii podryvajut razvitie Rossii.– SPb.: Piter, 2020. – 330 s.
4. Gofman A. A., Timoshhuk A. S. Ustojchivoe razvitie Rossii i mal'tuzianskaja lovushka // Manuskript. –2021. – T. 14. – # 4. – S. 753-758.
5. “Zelenye” v Evrope: postupatel'nyj rost. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.imemo.ru/publications/periodical/meimo/archive/2015/12-t-59/europe-new-realities/greensin-europe-incremental-growth/ (data obrashhenija:1.08.2021).
6. Zubkov S. A., Timoshhuk A. S. Jekofil'nost', vegetarianstvo i obrazovanie // Jekologija i obrazovanie:problemy razvitija evrazijskogo informacionno-obrazovatel'nogo prostranstva: Mezhdunarodnaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija. – Ufa: BGPU, 2019. – S. 50-54.
7. Kak menjajutsja otnoshenija cheloveka i prirody. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://trends.rbc.ru/trends/green/5e7a52849a79477d322a42e3/(data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021).
8. Karaganov S. A. Povorot k prirode: novaja jekologicheskaja politika Rossii v uslovijah “zelenoj” transformacii mirovoj jekonomiki i politiki: doklad po itogam serii situacionnyh analizov / Nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij universitet “Vysshaja shkola jekonomiki”, Fakul'tet mirovoj jekonomiki i mirovoj politiki. – M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 2021. – 97 s.
9. Larin V., Mnacakanjan R., Chestin I., Shvarc E. Ohrana prirody Rossii: ot Gorbacheva do Putina. – M.:KMK, 2003. – 416 s.
10. Morozova V. N. Mirovaja jekologicheskaja politika i mezhdunarodnoe jekologicheskoe sotrudnichestvo. –Voronezh: VGU, 2007. – 126 s.
11. Organizacija Grinpis. Dos'e. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/spravochnayainformaciya/681216 (data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021).
12. Roal'd K. Jekoteologija. – Arhangel'sk: PGU, 2002. –297 s.
13. Subkul'tura hippi. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.britannica.com/topic/hippie/ (data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021).
14. Timoshhuk A. S. Filosofija jenergojeffektivnosti i jekologicheskoj ustojchivosti // Religii v Rossii i mire: dialog, veroterpimost' i konstruirovanie identichnosti. Sbornik nauchnyh dokladov. Ser.«Svecha - 2020». Pod redakciej professora E. I. Arinina. – Vladimir: VlGU, 2020. –S. 197-204.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Ilikaev A. S.
Totemism in the traditional Mari religion
A number of researchers reduce the Mari traditional religion practically to an agrarian cult formed under the influence of Turkic and Slavic neighbors. Meanwhile, as follows from the examples given, the Mari people have preserved many relics of primitive tribal beliefs, including elements, including totemism – dating back to the times of the Ural community.
Keywords: traditional religion, mythology, early forms of religion, totemism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ahmet'janov R. G. Obshhaja leksika material'noj kul'tury narodov Srednego Povolzh'ja. – M.: Nauka, 1988. – 143 s.
2. Berezkin, Ju. E., Duvakin E. N. Tematicheskaja klassifikacija i raspredelenie fol'klorno-mifologicheskih motivov po arealam. Analiticheskij katalog. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://ruthenia.ru/folklore/berezkin/ (data obrashhenija: 09.07.21).
3. Vasil'ev V. M. Totemisticheskie perezhitki v vozzrenijah marijskogo naroda: [rus.] // NRF MarNI-IJaLI. Op. 1. Ed. hr. 15. – 1949.
4. Gosudarstvennaja simvolika Mishkinskogo rajona Respubliki Bashkortostan. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://infourok.ru/issledovatelskayarabota-
gosudarstvennaya-simvolika-mr-mishkinskiyrayon-respubliki-bashkortostan-1752511.html (data obrashhenija: 08.07.21).
5. Ibn-Fadlan «Zapiska» o puteshestvii na Volgu.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.hist.msu.ru/ER/Etext/fadl_txt.htm (data obrashhenija: 09.07.21).
6. Ilikaev A. S. Kogda nebo bylo vnizu. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://zen.yandex.ru/media/istokirb/kogda-nebo-bylo-vnizu-5ecd55d53157af489dde34aa (data obrashhenija:09.07.21).
7. Kaliev Ju. A. Mify marijskogo naroda. – Joshkar-Ola: Izdatel'skij dom «Marijskoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo», 2019. – 447 s.
8. Marijskie narodnye skazki. – M.: Detskaja literatura, 1985.
9. Marijcy. Istoriko-jetnograficheskie ocherki. Izdanie 2-e, dopolnennoe. – Joshkar-Ola: MarNII-JaLI, 2013. – 482 s.
10. Mushkina N. O pesnjah prazdnika Shoryk jol // Finno-ugrovedenie. – 2017. – # 1–2. – S. 71-78.
11. Popov N. S. Otrazhenie vethozavetnyh motivov v kosmogonicheskih mifah mari o tvorenii mira i cheloveka // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. – 2016. – # 1-2. – S. 190.
12. Jarygin A. F. Sovremennye projavlenija dohristianskih verovanij marijcev. – Joshkar-Ola, 1976.– 76 s.
13. Holmberg Uno. Die Religion der Tscheremissen. Porvoo, 1926. Russkij perevod knigi: NRF Mar-NII. Op. 1. D. 91.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Istomina O. B., Shtykov N. N.
Demographic structure as an object of socio-philosophical analysis
In this article, the authors analyze the factors of the depopulation crisis, among them the economic, behavioral, environmental, medical and recreational factors of population decline. The analysis uses statistics on social indicators of the modern demographic structure of the Irkutsk region. The authors attribute the problems of reproductive and migration processes in the Russian regions to the socio-economic situation of the region. It is justified that demographic depression is due to a decrease in real incomes of the population, low profitability of the regional economy, an increase in environmental burden, shortcomings in infrastructure development, difficulties in the labor market, including for the economically active population, which requires correction of the country’s demographic development programs.
Keywords: demographic structure, population, depopulation crisis, “demographic depression,” economic, behavioral, environmental, medico-recreational factors of depopulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vernadskij V. I. Biosfera i noosfera. – M.: Nauka, 1989.
2. Vishnevskij A. G. Mirovoj demograficheskij vzryv i ego problemy. – M., 1978.
3. Guzevatyj Ja. N. Perspektivy razvitija mirovogo naselenija do 2000 goda. – M., 1968.
4. Dolja naselenija s denezhnymi dohodami nizhe velichiny prozhitochnogo minimuma. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://irkutskstat.gks.ru(data obrashhenija: 15.03.2020).
5. Irkutskaja oblast' v chisle regionov s samoj nizkoj prodolzhitel'nost'ju zhizni // Obshhestvennaja zhizn' v Irkutskoj oblasti. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://i38.ru/obschestvo-obichnie/irkutskaya-oblast-v-chisle-regionov-s-samoy-nizkoyprodolzhitelnostiu-zhizni-v-rossii (data obrashhenija: 08.05.2021).
6. Istomina O. B. Dinamika demograficheskoj struktury Vostochnoj Sibiri // Narodonaselenie Sibiri i Dal'nego Vostoka: problemy sberezhenija i razvitija: mat. XIII mezhd. nauch. konf., 23-25 ijunja 2021 g. – Ulan-Udje: Izd-vo BGU, 2021. – S. 16-21.
7. Istomina O. B. K voprosu ob jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti (na materialah Irkutskoj oblasti) // Evropejskij zhurnal social'nyh nauk. – 2014. – # 3(1). – S. 471-478.
8. Istomina O. B. Narodonaselenie Sibiri i mezhregional'naja migracija // Social'nye processy v sovremennom rossijskom obshhestve: problemy i perspektivy: materialy IV Vseros. s mezhd. uch. nauch. konf., 24 aprelja 2020 g. / otv. red. O. B. Istomina. –Irkutsk: Izdatel'stvo IGU, 2020. – S. 31-39.
9. Istomina O. B. Tendencii transformacii regional'noj demograficheskoj struktury (na primere Irkutskoj oblasti) // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 5. – S. 239-240.
10. Ishhenko A. N. Demograficheskie osobennosti kak faktor jekonomicheskogo razvitija regionov Rossii. – M., 2007.
11. «Kadrovyj golod» v medicine priobretaet ugrozhajushhij masshtab v Irkutskoj oblasti. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://irkutskmedia.ru/news/596056/ (data obrashhenija: 12.05.2021).
12. Kvasha A. Ja. Skol'ko ljudej budet na Zemle k 2000 godu. – M., 1968.
13. Lomonosov M. V. O sohranenii i razmnozhenii rossijskogo naroda // Trudy po russkoj istorii, obshhestvenno-jekonomicheskim voprosam i geografii 1747-1764 gg. T. 6. – M.-L.: Izdatel'stvo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1950-1983.
14. Mozhaeva R. A. Vzaimosvjaz' biologicheskogo i duhovnogo v demograficheskoj sostavljajushhej sociuma //Povyshenie kachestva zhizni kak faktor razvitija obshhestva: mat. nauch.-prakt. konf. – Smolensk, 2006.– S. 37-39.
15. Mostahova T. S. Demograficheskaja bezopasnost' regiona. – Jakutsk: Izd-vo Jakutskogo nauchnogo centra SO RAN, 2009.
16. Plehanov G. V. Socializm i politicheskaja bor'ba // Izbrannye filosofskie proizvedenija. V 5 t. T. 1. –M., 1956. – S. 51-114.
17. Popova L. A. Sushhnost', prichiny i posledstvija sovremennogo demograficheskogo krizisa (na primere Respubliki Komi). – Ekaterinburg: UrO RAN, 2004.
18. Raspredelenie naselenija po razmeru srednedushevogo denezhnogo dohoda. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://irkutskstat.gks.ru (data obrashhenija: 15.03.2020).
19. Revun V. I. Depopuljacija kak process estestvennoj ubyli naselenija // Narodonaselenie. – 2009. – # 1.
20. Fjodorov N. F. Filosofija obshhego dela // Sochinenija. – M., 1982. – S. 53-503.
21. Ciolkovskij K. Je. Nauchnaja jetika // Ocherki o Vselennoj. – Kaluga, 2001. – S. 157-188
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Nikitina V. V., Shtanko M. A.
Construction of the ethnic picture of the world
The article examines the features of constructing an ethnic picture of the world using positivism, functionalism and constructivism.
Characterizing the specifics of the ethnic picture of the world, it is concluded that within the framework of constructivism it is purposeful, in contrast to positivism and functionalism. This is due to the fact that through these methods the ethnic picture of the world is formed in a natural way and pursues as the main goal a harmonious characteristic of the elements of the ethnic culture of the surrounding world, while constructivism allows you to include the attitudes of a certain ethnic group into the ethnic picture of the world.
Keywords: constructivism, picture of the world, ethnic picture of the world, ethnicity, positivism, functionalism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Girc K. G Interpretacija kul'tur. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gumer.info/bibliotek_Buks/Culture/girc/05.php - Zagl. s jekrana.
2. Domashev A. N. Kartina mira kak osnova jetnicheskogo samosoznanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/kartina-mirakak-osnova-etnicheskogo-samosoznaniya. - Zagl. S jekrana.
3. Lur'e S. V. Istoricheskaja jetnologija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gumer.info/bibliotek_Buks/History/Lyrie/53.php - Zagl. s jekrana.
4. Malinovskij B. K. Magija, nauka i religija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gumer.info/bogoslov_Buks/Relig/malin/index.php -Zagl. s jekrana.
5. Radkliff-Braun A. P. O social'noj strukture.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://iphras.ru/uplfile/root/biblio/vst/2008/radcliffe.pdf -Zagl. s jekrana.
6. Shtan'ko M. A. «Modeli mira» kak forma otrazhenija jetnichnosti // Izvestija Tomskogo politehnicheskogo universiteta. - 2010. - T. 317. - # 6. - S. 220.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Pushkareva M. A., Pushkarev A. V.
The ratio of natural and artificial intelligence:the experience of methodological analysis
The article examines the relationship between natural and artificial intelligence from the perspective of the dialectic of natural and artificial. In the modern conditions of Russian society, natural intelligence is becoming more and more artificial.
The artificial invades social life and makes it devoid of a spiritual beginning. Therefore, information technologies should be associated with the growth of the humanitarian component of culture. The authors consider the thesis that everything artificial, despite the necessary tendency to limit the natural in the life of a person and society, has access to the sphere of random, human freedom. The harmony of the natural and the artificial is intended to become the need to overcome the fragmentarity, the “clipiness” of modern consciousness. The efforts of modern researchers should be focused on considering the philosophical foundations of artificial intelligence, which is associated with unrealized human capabilities in the field of creative activity. The basis for the development of artificial intelligence is not the elevation above everything natural, but the prospect of a human struggle with the technocratic spirit. Natural intelligence resists artificial forms of life. The basis for this is the human desire for moral, universal values.
Keywords: natural intelligence, artificial intelligence, freedom, the foundations of artificial intelligence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bergson A. Tvorcheskaja jevoljucija. - M.-SPb.: Rus.mysl', 1914 (tipo-lit. t-va I. N. Kushnerev i K° v M.).- 332 s.
2. Bikmetov E. Ju., Luk'janov A. V., Pushkareva M. A. Znanie kak uslovie vneshnej i vnutrennej svobody cheloveka// Kant. - 2018. - # 2 (27). - S. 164-167.
3. Bikmetov E. Ju., Pushkareva M. A., Sokolov V. M. Jazyk kak sposob duhovno-centrirovannogo upravlenija kommunikativnym processom // Lichnost'. Kul'tura. Obshhestvo. - 2020. - T. 22. - # 1–2 (105–106).- S. 135–142.
4. Dubrovskij D. I. Informacija, soznanie i mozg. -M.: Vyssh. shkola, 1980. - 286 s.
5. Dubrovskij D. I., Konivec S. Ju. Vera i znanie //Polignozis. - 2000. - # 3. - S. 3–27.
6. Kutyrev V. A. Estestvennoe i iskusstvennoe: bor'ba mirov. - N. Novgorod, 1994. - 200 s.
7. Lektorskij V. A. Jepistemologija klassicheskaja i neklassicheskaja / Ros. akad. nauk. In-t filosofii. -M.: URSS, 2001. - 255 s.
8. Marks K., Jengel's F. Soch. 2-e izd. V 30 t.: T. 3. - M.:Gos. izd-vo polit. lit-ry, 1955. - 630 s.
9. Pushkarjov A. V. Filosofskie osnovanija iskusstvennogo intellekta. Avt-t dis. … kand. filos. nauk. -Ufa, 2017. - 19 s.
10. Finn V. K. Iskusstvennyj intellekt: metodologija, primenenija, filosofija. - M.: Krasand, 2011. - 447 s.
11. Haziev V. S. Istiny bytija i poznanija: (izbrannye sochinenija). - Ufa: Kitap, 2007. - 288 s.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Chudina-Schmidt N. V., Gomenko Yu. O.
Personal features as background of anti-social behavior
The article examines the psychological characteristics of a personality from the standpoint of its further transition to antisocial forms of behavior, that is, to form as a personality of a criminal. The problematic field of the research stated in the title becomes extremely relevant in the conditions of the formation of a modern society, which itself today appears to the researcher from the standpoint of a sharp increase in destructive manifestations, the destruction of what was and absolute nihilism in relation to the other.
Keywords: personality, behavior, antisocial behavior, worldview, extremism, extremality, society.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonjan Ju.M., Enikeev M.I., Jeminov V.E. Psihologija prestuplenija i nakazanija. M.: Penates-Penaty, 2000.
2. Butkevich S.A. Obespechenie obshhestvennoj bezopasnosti v respublike Krym: problemy teorii i praktiki // V sbornike: problemy perehodnogo perioda: adaptacija normativno-pravovyh aktov krymskogo federal'nogo okruga k zakonodatel'stvu rossijskoj federacii. Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, priurochennoj
k godovshhine vhozhdenija Respubliki Krym i goroda federal'nogo znachenija Sevastopolja v sostav Rossijskoj Federacii. Krasnodarskij universitet MVD Rossii Krymskij filial. 2015. S. 185.
3. Konopleva A.A. Determinanty mezhkul'turnyh vzaimodejstvij v respublike Krym // Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i juridicheskie nauki, kul'turologija i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. 2015. # 8-3 (58). S. 118-121.
4. Konopleva A.A. Subkul'tura, kontrkul'tura, antikul'tura: grani deviantnogo i delinkventnogo // V sbornike: Fenomenologija i profilaktika deviantnogo povedenija. VIII Vserossijskaja s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija. 2014. S. 134-136.191.
5. Lihacheva Je. V. Obshhaja psihologija: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie. Saratov: Vuzovskoe obrazovanie, 2020. 85 c. — ISBN 978-5-4487-0702-5. — Tekst: jelektronnyj // Jelektronno-bibliotechnaja sistema IPR BOOKS: [sajt]. — [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.iprbookshop.ru/93995.html (data obrashhenija: 25.10.2020).
6. Mihajlova V.P., Korytchekova N.I., Aleksandrova L.A. Juridicheskaja psihologija: uchebnoe posobie. M.: FLINTA, 2013. 392 s.
7. Nikitina L.N. Issledovanie vzaimosvjazi chrezmernogo uvlechenija komp'juternymi igrami i deviantnogo povedenija nesovershennoletnih // V sbornike:Fenomenologija i profilaktika deviantnogo povedenija. Materialy X Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Jelektronnoe izdanie. 2017. S. 201-204.
8. Nikitina L.N. Komp'juternye igry s jelementami nasilija kak istochnik posylov k agressii u nesovershennoletnih // Azimut nauchnyh issledovanij: pedagogika i psihologija. 2018. T. 7. # 3 (24). S. 361-364.
9. Prozumentov L.M., Shesler A.V. Kriminologija (Obshhaja chast'): uchebnoe posobie. Tomsk: Izdatel'skij Dom Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2017. 284 s.
10. Ceeva S.K. Lichnosti prestupnika: ponjatie, struktura i tipologija // Vestnik AGU. 2015. # 2 (158). S. 308-311.
11. Jur'eva V.G. Psihologija prestupnogo povedenija i ee zavisimost' ot akcentuacii haraktera prestupnika // Vestnik Taganrogskogo instituta imeni A.P. Chehova. 2016. # 4. S. 116-120.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Chudinov S. I.
Deviant consciousness and metaphysics of «ideological crime» in F. M. Dostoevsky’s novel
The Brothers Karamazov»
The article provides a philosophical analysis of deviant personalities depicted in F.M. Dostoevsky’s novel «The Brothers Karamazov».
On this basis, the author considers the socially destructive aspects of deviance associated with spiritual damage to the personality and aberrated moral consciousness and creating motivation for an «ideological crime» (an intellectually and ethically legitimized act of violence, existentially experienced as a metaphysical revolt against the world order and its ontological principles). The article reveals that various deviantions of the social world of the Karamazovs and their entourage do not exist in isolation, but are included in a kind of intersubjective phenomenological world and can be considered as stages of movement towards the embodiment of an ideological crime.
In addition it examines various tendencies towards the structuring of social reality emanating from various deviant and non-deviant actors.
Keywords: F. M. Dostoevsky’s philosophy, deviation, aberrations of moral consciousness, nihilism, resentment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Barsotti D. Dostoevskij. Hristos – strast' zhizni. M.: «Paoline», 1999. 249 s.
2. Berdjaev N.A. Mirosozercanie Dostoevskogo. M.:AST; Hranitel', 2006. 238 s.
3. Bulgakov S.N. Ivan Karamazov (v romane Dostoevskogo «Brat'ja Karamazovy») kak filosofskij tip// Vospominanija i issledovanija o tvorchestve F.M.Dostoevskogo. Kniga vtoraja / S.N. Bulgakov, A. Belyj, G.K. Gradovskij, M. Gor'kij, V.V. Veresaev [i dr.]. M.-Berlin: Direkt-Media, 2015. S. 54-98.
4. Dostoevskij F.M. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij i pisem: V 30 t. / AN SSSR, IRLI (Pushkinskij Dom);redkol.: V. G. Bazanov (otv. red.) i dr. L.: Nauka. Leningradskoe otdelenie, 1975. T. 14. Brat'ja Karamazovy: Roman v 4 ch. s jepilogom / tekst podgot. V. E.Vetlovskaja, E. I. Kijko. Kn. 1-10. 511 s.
5. Iustin (Popovich), prepodobnyj. Filosofija i religija F.M. Dostoevskogo. Mn.: Izdatel' D.V. Harchenko, 2007. 312 s.
6. Losskij N.O. Dostoevskij i ego hristianskoe miroponimanie. N'ju-Jork: Izd-vo im. Chehova, 1953. 406 s.
7. Mochul'skij K. Dostoevskij: Zhizn' i tvorchestvo. Parizh: YMCA-Press, 1947. 561 s.
8. Frank S.L. Duhovnye osnovy obshhestva. Vvedenie v social'nuju filosofiju. Raris: YMCA Press, 1930. 311 s.
9. Chudinov S.I. Ontologicheskie aspekty formirovanija revoljucionnogo podpol'ja v proizvedenii F.M. Dostoevskogo «Besy» v svete social'no-filosofskoj koncepcii sobornosti S.L. Franka //Manuskript. Tambov: Gramota, 2020. T. 13. Vyp. 9. C. 125-130.
10. Chudinov S.I., Soina O.S. Nigilisticheskie tipy lichnosti i jekstremistskoe soznanie v tvorchestve F.M. Dostoevskogo (na materiale romana «Besy») //Manuskript. Tambov: Gramota, 2019. T. 12. Vyp. 10. C. 197-201.
11. Bryant C.D. (ed). The Routledge Handbook of Deviant Behaviour, London and New York: Routledge, 2011. 618 p.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Yashin A. N., Zandelov V. V.
The idea of social justice in religious and philosophical views I. A. Ilyin
The authors investigate in a historical and philosophical context the phenomenon of social justice as presented by the Russian religious philosopher Ivan Aleksandrovich Ilyin, substantiate the essence and significance of his views on the problem of justice, emphasize their relevance for modern Russian philosophical, legal and socio-political thought, which allows expanding the possibilities of scientific research , theoretical foundations and directions in the study of the phenomenon of social justice in the context of modern realities.
Keywords: society, state, law, truth, justice, faith, Orthodoxy, morality, conscience.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ivanov V. V. O jazyke drevnego slavjanskogo prava /Pod red. V. I. Borkovskogo // Slavjanskoe jazykoznanie. VIII Mezhdunarodnyj s"ezd slavistov, Zagreb-Ljubljana, sent. 1978 g. – M.: Nauka, 1978. – 468 s.
2. Il'in I. A. V poiskah spravedlivosti / Sobranie sochinenij v 10 t. – M.: Russkaja kniga, 1993. – T. 2. – 496 s.
3. Il'in I. A. Kto my? O revoljucii. O religioznom krizise nashih dnej / Sost., vstup. st. i komment. Ju. T. Lisicy. – M.: Russkaja kniga, 2001. – 573 s.
4. Il'in I. A. O vospitanii russkogo naroda k spravedlivosti / Jelektronnaja biblioteka Odincovskogo blagochinija. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.odinblago.ru/nashi_zadachi_1/78.(data obrashhenija: 15.07.2021).
5. Il'in I. A. O nacional'nom prizvanii Rossii/ Sobranie sochinenij: V 10 t. – M.: Russkaja kniga, 1998. – T. 7. – 608 s.
6. Il'in I. A. O soprotivlenii zlu siloju / Pochemmy verim v Rossiju: Sochinenija. – M.: Jeksmo, 2007. –S. 375–576.
7. Il'in I. A. Perepiska dvuh Ivanov (1927-1934) / Sost.,vstup. st. i komment. Ju. T. Lisicy; Rasshifrovka i tekstologicheskaja podgotovka pisem I. S. Shmeleva O. V. Lisicy. – M.: Russkaja kniga, 2000. – 544 s.
8. Il'in I. A. Pojushhee serdce. Kniga tihih sozercanij / Pochemu my verim v Rossiju: Sochinenija. – M.:Jeksmo, 2007. – S. 577-730.
9. Kant I. Primechanie k «Nabljudenijam nad chuvstvom prekrasnogo i vozvyshennogo» / Sochinenija: V 6 t. –M.: Mysl', 1964. – T. 2. – 611 s.
10. Novgorodcev P. I. O svoeobraznyh jelementah russkoj filosofii prava / Sochinenija. – M.: Raritet,1995. – 446 s.
11. Shmelev I. S. Dusha Rossii. Sbornik statej ot 1924-1950 gg. – SPb.: Bibliopolis, 1998. – 233 s.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Diarov V. O.
The genesis of the problem of determination in evolution
The article examines the origin and source of the problem of determination in evolution. The main evolutionary mechanisms are analyzed, both indirect and direct from the point of view of ontology by means of a dialectical prism. The basic questions of limitations and possible ontological conflicts in the context of the possibility of transition from an animal to a “human” are investigated. Evolutionary determinism through an ontological prism.
Keywords: ontology, philosophy, evolution, determination.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dokinz R. Samoe grandioznoe shou na Zemle. Dokazatel'stva jevoljucii. M.: Astrel': CORPUS, 2012.S. 10-13.
2. Kasavin I.T. Konstruktivizm: zajavlennye programmy i nereshennye problemy // Jepistemologija i filosofija nauki. 2008. # 1. S. 13.
3. Kudrin B. I. Metafizika tehniki // Tehnocenoz kak nalichnoe bytie i nauka o tehnicheskoj real'nosti. Abakan, 1998. S. 12-15.
4. Urjadov A. V. Jevoljucija «zhizni» v nebiologicheskoj sisteme // Vestnik Bashkirskogo universiteta. 2020.T. 25. # 1. S. 206-208.
5. Shnol' S.Je. Hvataet li vremeni dlja darvinovskoj jevoljucii? // Priroda. 1990. # 11. S. 23-26.
6. Scott M. Campbell and Paul W. Bruno The science, politics, and ontology of life-philosophy // London:Bloomsbury, 2013. P. 224.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Popkova N. A.
Stages in the development of ideas about global problems
This article examined the stages of development of ideas about the global problems of mankind, and also considered each of the global problems of the planet and its cause-and-effect relationship. It is important to understand that it is often the person himself who is to blame for the problems on the planet that develop into global ones. And surgical intervention in these problems, which a person does not produce, only exacerbates the situation. The global problems of the twenty-first century include a set of natural and social problems, on the solution of which the survival of mankind on Earth depends, as well as the development of their future generations. These problems are developing extremely dynamically and require the efforts of all mankind to eliminate them. The solution to these problems comes from the fact that people must unite to overcome and get rid of these problems.
Keywords: global problems, global studies, era, solution, modern man, deviations, catastrophe, degradation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Astaf'eva O. E., Avramenko A. A., Pitrjuk A. V. Jekologicheskie osnovy prirodopol'zovanija: uchebnik dlja SPO. — M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2017. — 354 s.
2. Vasil'ev L. S. Vseobshhaja istorija. Tom 6. Sovremennost' i global'nye problemy chelovechestva: monogr.– M.: KDU, 2013. – 714 c.
3. Goncharova N. P. Demograficheskaja dinamika i ocenka rezul'tativnosti demograficheskoj politiki v regionah Rossii // Gosudarstvennyj sovetnik. —2019. — # 3 (27). — S. 101-108.
4. Gurova T. F., Nazarenko L. V. Jekologija i racional'noe prirodopol'zovanie: uchebnik i praktikum dlja akademicheskogo bakalavriata. — 3-e izd., ispr. I dop. — M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2019. — 188 s.
5. Dolbik-Vorobej T. A., Vorob'eva O. D. Statistika naselenija i demografija: uchebnik. — M.: KNORUS,2018. — 314 s.
6. Eremchenko O. Z. Biologija: uchenie o biosfere : ucheb. posobie dlja SPO. — 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. — M.:Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2018. — 236 s.
7. Larionov N. M., Rjabyshenkov A. S. Promyshlennaja jekologija: Uchebnik dlja akademicheskogo bakalavriata. – Ljubercy: Jurajt, 2016. – 495 c.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Avdonin А. N.
On the foundations of social foresight. Part 3. (Alternative-attractor approach to the war of 1941-1945 and modernity)
The article provides an alternative-attractor analysis of L. Fedotov’s prediction about the initial period of Germany’s war with the USSR and the current global situation; the need for social foresight of pre-cognition is revealed, the structure of social foresight is revealed; the results obtained can be extended to foresee the development of other objects from the subject area of synergetics.
Keywords: alternative and post-alternative periods of foresight, pre- and post-knowledge, practical activity of dominant groups, structure of foresight.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avdonin A.N. Kojevoljucionno-social'naja filosofija: znanie, real'nost' i dejatel'nost': v 2-h ch.// Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2016. # 7. S.
337-340; # 8. S. 363-366.
2. Anpilov A. Jadernaja zima: mif ili ob"ektivnyj prognoz? «Armejskij vestnik». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://army-news.ru/2015/06/yadernaya-zima-mif-ili-obektivnyj-prognoz/ (data obrashhenija 15.11.2019 g.).
3. Bogoljubov A.N. Osnovy matematicheskogo modelirovanija [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://math.phys.msu.ru/data/27/OMM1.pdf (data obrashhenija 12.11.2019 g.).
4. Bondarenko L.V., Maslova O. V., Belkina A. V., Suhareva K. V. Global'noe izmenenie klimata i ego posledstvija // Vestnik Ross. jekonom. univer-ta im. G.V.Plehanova. 2018. # 2. S. 84-93.
5. Bukejhanov P. E. «Kurskaja bitva, kotoruju my nachali». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://military.wikireading.ru/12624 (data obrashhenija 10.10.2019).
6. Il'in V.P. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie i filosofija nauki // Vestnik Rossijskoj akademii nauk. 2018. Tom 88. # 1. S. 58-66.
7. Lenton T. (Timothy M. Lenton), Rokstrem J. (Johan Rockström), Gaffni O. (Owen Gaffney), Ramstorf S. (Stefan Rahmstorf), Richardson K. (Katherine Richardson), Steffen U. (Will Steffen), Shel'nhuber G. (Hans Joachim Schellnhuber). Klimaticheskaja tochka nevozvrata: ne verit' v nee slishkom riskovanno. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://inosmi.ru/science/20191202/246352910.html(data obrashhenija 02.12.2019 g.).
8. Nazvany posledstvija jadernoj vojny mezhdu Rossiej i SShA po rezul'tatam issledovanija uchenyh Ratgerskogo universiteta, Nacional'nogo centra atmosfernyh issledovanij i Koloradskogo universiteta v Bouldere, 17.08.2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20190817/1557588271.html (data obrashhenija 20.11.2019g).
9. Rakitov A.I. Filosofija komp'juternoj revoljucii. M.: Politizdat, 1991. 287 s.
10. Superkomp'juter rasschital posledstvija jadernoj vojny. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa:https://www.gismeteo.ru/news/science/superkompjuterrasschital-posledstviya-yadernoj-vojny/?utm_source=gismeteo&utm_medium=rss_feed&utm_campaign=news (data obrashhenija 29.11.2019 g.).
11. Chto zhdet Zemlju v sluchae jadernoj vojny mezhdu Rossiej i SShA. Wasse Sadrak, Egipet. Redakcionnaja stat'ja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://inosmi.ru/politic/20171111/240736793.html(data obrashhenija 11.11.2019 g.).
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Khaziev Z. A., Neganov F. M.
Philosophical notes on the concept of history:about the presence of the speakable and unspeakable in history
In a variety of human activities, it is possible to distinguish moments of being that is able to report about itself without any loss. The authors of the article call such moments “scenes of life”.
They are opposed by moments that do not fully express themselves. Authors, in fact, call them “history”. Thus, both the “speakable” and the “unspeakable” take place in the historical process.
The speakable elements of history are connected by historical facts, and the” unspeakable”, the
authors claim, is hidden in the events.
Keywords: scene of life, history, historical fact, event, speakable, unspeakable.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arendt H. Vita Activa, ili O dejatel'noj zhizni.M.: Ad Marginem Press, 2017.
2. Bauman Z. Individualizirovannoe obshhestvo. M.:Logos, 2005.
3. Ortega-i-Gasset H. Izbrannye trudy. M.: Ves' mir, 2000.
4. Sent-Jekzjuperi A. Citadel'. M.: AST, 2003.
5. Hajdegger M. Raboty i razmyshlenija raznyh let.M.: Gnozis, 1993.
 
BOOK REVIEW
Buryanov S. A.
From the creative heritage of Igor Ivanovich Lukashuk to the Cambridge edition of Insur Zabirovich Farkhutdinov
In search of a new just world order. “The mysterious and obvious in American diplomacy: from Monroe to Trump. Cambridge scholars publishing
In the context of modern global processes and through the prism of the creative heritage of Igor Ivanovich Lukashuk, the monograph by Insur Zabirovich Farkhutdinov is considered. Review of the scientific publication: Insur Farkhutdinov. “The Mysterious and Obvious in American Diplomacy: From Monroe to Trump. Cambridge Scholars Publishing “. 2020. - 533 p. (Insur Farkhutdinov “The Mysterious and Obvious in American Diplomacy from Monroe to Trump.” Cambridge: 01/09/2020. - 533 p. (Published in English)). It is concluded that overcoming the global calamities of human civilization depends on the ability of the international legal scientific community to develop in accordance with the needs of society.
Keywords: international law - new world order - global processes - global challenges - global security - non-use of force or threat by force - I.I. Lukashuk.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Tajnoe i ochevidnoe v amerikanskoj diplomatii»:kak moja kniga izdavalas' v Kjembridzhe. Interv'ju s doktorom juridicheskih nauk Insurom Zabirovichem Farhutdinovym // Evrazijskaja advokatura. –2021. – # 3 (25). – S.6-14
2. Bur'janov S.A. Znachenie i perspektivy mezhdunarodno priznannyh prav cheloveka, vkljuchaja svobodu mysli, sovesti i religii, v uslovijah globalizacii obshhestvennyh otnoshenij // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2015. – # 12 (91). – S. 25-28.
3. Bur'janov S.A. Princip neprimenenija sily ili ugrozy siloj v uslovijah usilenija global'nyh processov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2016.– # 9 (100). – S. 8-15.
4. Bur'janov S. A., Bur'janov M. S. Novye ugrozy global'noj bezopasnosti i perspektivy razvitija mezhdunarodnogo prava // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 11 (150). – S. 35-40.
5. Kartashkin V. A. Prava cheloveka i principy mezhdunarodnogo prava v XXI veke : monografija. – M.:Norma: INFRA-M. 2018. – 148 s.
6. Lenshin S. I. Sovershenstvovanie pravovogo rezhima cifrovizacii jekonomiki Rossii po obespecheniju ee oboronosposobnosti i bezopasnosti // Shag v budushhee: iskusstvennyj intellekt i cifrovaja jekonomika: Smart Nations: Jekonomika cifrovogo ravenstva. Materialy III Mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo foruma. – M., 2020. – S. 337-341.
7. Lukashuk I. I. Vzaimodejstvie mezhdunarodnogo i vnutrigosudarstvennogo prava v uslovijah globalizacii // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2002. – # 3.– S. 115-128.
8. Lukashuk I. I. Globalizacija i gosudarstvo // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2001. – # 4. – S. 64-75.
9. Lukashuk I. I. Mirovoj porjadok XXI veka. (Globalizacija) // Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. – 2002. – # 1. – S. 4-10.
10. Lukashuk I. I. Globalizacija i pravo // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2005. – # 12. – S. 112-115.
11. Lukashuk I. I. Globalizacija, gosudarstvo, pravo, XXI vek. – M.: Spark, 2000. – 279 c.
12. Lukashuk I. I. Globalistika: novyj uroven' myshlenija // Rossijskaja justicija. – 2003. – # 5. – S. 71-72.
13. Lukashuk I. I. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Obshhaja chast':uchebnik dlja studentov juridicheskih fakul'tetov i vuzov. - Izd. 3-e, pererab. i dop. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2005. – 415 s.
14. Lukashuk I. I. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: osobennaja chast': uchebnik dlja studentov juridicheskih fakul'tetov i vuzov. Lukashuk I. I. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2005. – 517 s.
15. Obespechenie mira i bezopasnosti v Evrazii (Mezhdunarodno-pravovaja ocenka sobytij v Sirii). Interv'ju s doktorom juridicheskih nauk, glavnym redaktorom Evrazijskogo juridicheskogo zhurnala Insurom Zabirovichem Farhutdinovym // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2015. – # 10 (89). – S. 8-15.
16. Rudinskij F. M. Grazhdanskie prava cheloveka v Rossii: sovremennye problemy teorii i praktiki. M. ZAO «TF «MIR». Tret'e izdanie. Dopolnennoe. –M., 2010. – 624 s.
17. Rudinskij F. M. Nauka prav cheloveka i problemy konstitucionnogo prava. – M.: ZAO TF «MIR», 2006. – 1234 s.
18. Nikitaev D. M. Svetskost' gosudarstva kak odno iz vazhnyh uslovij realizacii prav cheloveka // Prava cheloveka - indikator sovremennogo razvitija Rossii. Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Pod obshhej redakciej T.A.Soshnikovoj. – M. 2015. – S. 351-354.
19. Farhutdinov I. Z. Amerikanskaja doktrina o preventivnom voennom udare (mezhdunarodno-pravovye aspekty). – M. 2017. – 338 s.
20. Farhutdinov I. Z. Amerikanskaja doktrina o preventivnom udare ot Monro do Trampa: mezhdunarodno-pravovye aspekty. – M. 2018. – 419 s.
21. Farhutdinov I. Z. Versal'sko-vashingtonskaja sistema - 20 let mira. opyt doktrinal'nogo issledovanija problem formirovanija sovremennoj modeli mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij v kontekste razvitija mezhdunarodnogo prava // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 5 (144). – S. 36-43.
22. Farhutdinov I. Z. Vojna i mir v kontekste mezhdunarodnogo prava. opyt doktrinal'nogo issledovanija problem formirovanija sovremennoj modeli mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij v kontekste razvitija mezhdunarodnogo prava // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 2 (141). – S. 25-33.
23. Farhutdinov I. Z. Gaagskie mirnye konferencii 1899 i 1907 gg. kto razvjazal pervuju mirovuju vojnu. Opyt doktrinal'nogo issledovanija problem formirovanija sovremennoj modeli mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij v kontekste razvitija mezhdunarodnogo prava // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020.– # 4 (143). – S. 29-36.
24. Farhutdinov I. Z. Doktrina o vestfal'skoj mirnoj sisteme: mify i realii // Evrazijskij juri- dicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 6 (133). – S. 21-31.
25. Farhutdinov I. Z. Izrail'skaja doktrina o preventivnoj samooborone i mezhdunarodnoe pravo // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2016. – # 8. – S. 15-32.
26. Farhutdinov I. Z. Iranskaja doktrina o preventivnoj samooborone i mezhdunarodnoe pravo // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2017. – # 1. – S. 15-26.
27. Farhutdinov I. Z. Iranskaja doktrina o preventivnoj samooborone i mezhdunarodnoe pravo (okonchanie) // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2017.– #2. – S. 15-25.
28. Farhutdinov I. Z. Mezhdunarodnoe ili global'noe pravo // Jurist-mezhdunarodnik. Vserossijskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava. –2004. – # 4. – S. 15-23.
29. Farhutdinov I. Z. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo v uslovijah globalizacii // Pravo i politika. – 2003. –# 8. – C. 141-149.
30. Farhutdinov I. Z. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo i doktrina SShA o preventivnoj samooborone // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2016. – # 2. – S. 23-31.
31. Farhutdinov I. Z. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo o primenenii gosudarstvom voennoj sily protiv negosudarstvennyh uchastnikov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2016. – # 7 (98). – S. 59-76.
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Eurasian Law Journal

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Certificate on registration of mass media online edition: No. FC77-67559 of October 31, 2016.

Editor-in-chief and founder: Farkhutdinov Dinar Insurovich

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