CONTENT OF NUMBER
AND SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES

EURASIAN LAW JOURNAL №9(160)2021

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PERSONA GRATA
I.M. Bratishchev:
The social orientation of economics and law is an invariable topic of research in Russian science
Interview with Igor Mikhailovich Bratishchev, deputy of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation of the I and II convocations, Professor, Doctor of Economics, First Deputy of the Central Council of the All-Russian public organization “Russian Scientists of Socialist Orientation”
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Mishalchenko Yu.V., Sekste J.A.
European Union and NATO: international legal trends in the development of the European defense system in modern conditions
KorovinE.S.
International legal regulation of the creation and functioning of internal electricity market of the EU
EtdzaevaK.A.
Human rights and colonial clause to European Convention on Human Rights and fundamental freedoms
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Borchenko V.A.
Application of the institute of pre-estimated losses in foreign countries
Ermakova E.P.
Does gas and nuclear energy production qualify for green financing under the 2020 EU Taxonomy?
 
EUROPEAN LAW
Chugunov D.K., Utsumiev M.M., ZotinaP.E.
Recovery of penalties in case of failure to fulfill the EU Court of justice decisions
 
LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Yang Tianfang
Supervisory board mechanism in China: a study on effectiveness of legislation and practice
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Nigmatullin R.V., Kovalev M.V.
The concept of the separation of powers in historical and legal thought and at the present stage
Vrazhnov A.S., Nikonovich S.L.
On the issue of introducing a monopoly of lawyers for representation in courts
Grechnev A.V.
Interaction between the state and the individual in the focus of the formational approach
Ivanets G.I.
Socio-legal factor of lawful behavior of a person, as the implementation of general prevention
Faskhutdinova A.V.
Realization of the rights and freedoms of minors
Khavadzhi D.R., Ametka F.A.
Collision resolution mechanism
Khomich N.V., Tatarinova L.V.
Classification and nature of mistakes in juridical discourse (on the example of open access documents of some Irkutsk region districts)
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Gulyaeva T.B., Gnetova L.V.
The prosecutor’s office in civil proceedings during the period of validity of the Judicial Charter of 1864 and before the entry into force of the Regulations on the court system of the RSFSR in 1926
Deryugin A.A., Krizhanovskaya G.N.
Activities of law enforcement agencies and troops on the territory St. Petersburg in the first quarter of the 19th century
Kiyan M.S., Khutko T.V.
The formation of serfdom relations in the Tauride province at the end of the 18th – mid-19th centuries
Kuskashev D.V.
On the issue of organizing and holding elections to the city government of Krasnoyarsk at the beginning of the 20th century
Stepanova A.A., Khafizov E.D.
Cultural and educational activities of Russian jurists and lawyers in the post-revolutionary abroad
Filippov O.A., Yasybaeva M.I., Kazamirov A.I.
Outer space – a new arena of the arms Race
Yakovets E.N., Zhuravlenko N.I., Ozhiganova M.I.
Legal status of foreign citizens and representatives of the non-Russian population of the Russian state during the period of the peter the great reforms. Part II
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Avanesova A.A., Gondarenko A.S.
Actual problems of granting refugee status in the Russian Federation in connection with the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan
Bondarchuk I.V., Rudenko A.V.
Problems of development of legislation of the Republic of Crimea as a new subjects of the Russian Federation
Kuryachaya M.M.
Features of the formation and development of civil activity of the population of the federal territory “Sirius”
Mokrushin V.I.
Crimean practice of implementing the constitutional right to information when refusing to initiate criminal proceedings
Nider S.A.
Some aspects of the constitutional housing guarantees of citizens of the Russian Federation related to the abolition of executive (property) immunity in respect of the debtor’s only housing
Rublev A.G.
Religion and origins of Indian constitutional law
Rakitskaya I.A.
Features of the constitutional and legislative institutionalization of political parties in Sweden
Khazieva R.R.
Interaction of local self-government bodies with the population
Khoroshev I.A.
Jurisdictional form of protection of the rights of citizens in the field of social security
Gryaznova E.A.
Ensuring the right to defense in criminal proceedings
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Butc S.B., Pononomarev A.V., Evsikova E.V.
Some aspects of reforming administrative-tort legislation in the sphere of establishing administrative responsibility for violation of the prohibition of smoking tobacco
Volkov V.Yu.
Current problems of improving administrative regulation in the antimonopoly sphere in the context of digitalization
Gutaev A.M.
Practical features of the production procedure for the examination of vehicle drivers
Evsikova E.V.
Administrative and legal framework for countering doping offenses in sport and ways to improve them
Zaripov R. R., Karpov E. S.
On the issue of prohibitions and restrictions on employees of the penal system
Karimova G. Yu.
The content of the activities of the subjects of prevention for the prevention of juvenile delinquency
Ponomarev A. V., Rusanova S. Y.
On the question of administrative and legal measures of prevention and precaution, applied in the field of customs business
Tikhomaeva V. S.
Some features of involvement in administrative responsibility in the spheres of domestic violence
Trifonova K. V., Trifonov S. G.
Amnesty migration institute as one of legal means of modern migration policy in the conditions
of the COVID-19 pandemic
Hominich V. A., Kostylev V. V., Ponomarev A. V.
Formation and development of administrative responsibility for offenses in the field of environmental protection and nature management: historical and legal aspect
Urusov Z. Kh.
On the issue of administrative violations related to the storage and use of narcotic drugs
Khabibova L. D.
Problems of prevention of crimes in the activities of district police officers
Drobotova A. G.
Administrative offenses in the field of customs
Andryukhina I. Yu.
Ways to improve the efficiency of personnel in the system of state civil and municipal service
 
CIVIL LAW
Akhtyamova E. V., Sultanova R. I.,
Alsynbaeva E. M., Minniakhmetov I. R., Khusainova R. I.
Legal and ethical problems of application non-invasive prenatal tests in the Russian Federation
Baltutite I. V.
Problems of legal regulation of telemedicine in the Russian Federation
Bazunov A. A., Zaripov S. R.,
Kudashev R. K., Sayfutdinov V. V.
Class actions in mass torts
Bakunin S. N., Ananjeva E. O.
The civil-legal aspect of the agreement on compensation for damage to health caused by a crime
Ivliev P. V., Kondrashov S. V.
Civil liability of media representatives during investigative reporting
Goncharova L. N.
Institutional and pandectoral models of codification of legislation
Eshkileva N. A., Panchenko S. S.
Legal problems of recognizing the heir as unworthy
Kupchina E. V.
Digital evidence and the problem of their authentication in US civil proceedings
Kurbatova G. V., Bondarenko I. V.
Contract of purchase and sale of real estate:features, problems and legal regulations
Manukyan A. R.
Problems in the use of medical examination for intoxication
Marks Yu. A.
Mediation of civil legal disputes: results, problems and prospects
Makhiboroda M. N.
Regulatory and legal regulation of off-street transport:civil and legal aspect
Nokhrina M. L.
The monitoring and analysis of the case law of Russia’s Supreme Court and cassation courts of general jurisdiction: Cases in which plaintiffs sought to challenge the provisions of Federal Law № 256-FZ of 29 December 2006 “On additional government measures to support families with children”. Part 1
Permyakov M. V., Khodasevich O. N., Matveev M. M.
Protection of consumer rights when selling low-quality goods
Rezyapova G. F.
The secret of adoption: problems of legal regulation in conditions of development of genetic technologies in the Russian Federation
Telibekova I. M.
Questions of compulsory insurance of professional risk of medical workers (according to the results of a sociological survey)
Abrosimov D. A.
Models of legal regulation of mergers and acquisitions of public joint stock companies
Telnov A. V.
The Russian Federation as a participant in defamatory civil law relations
Shvyrev G. S.
Remote mediation
 
LABOR LAW
Tsindyaikina K. Yu.
The law applicable to the international secondment
 
FAMILY LAW
Ananjeva E. O., Shmaeva T. A.
Alimony legal relations: legal norms and validity
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Asadov A. M.
Budget discipline in the system of financial law:mechanism and instruments affecting its effectiveness
Kravchenko N. A.
To the question of the specifics of the proceedings in administrative cases on challenging decisions, actions (inaction) of tax authorities and their officials
Siratov V. B.
Problems of implementing the principle of independence of the Central bank of Russia
Asadov B. M.
Anti-competitive agreements and their impact on the financial system of the state
 
ENTREPRENEURIAL LAW
Kurinova Ya. I.
Questions of the application of methodological tools for assessing the state of the regional entrepreneurial ecosystem
 
INSURANCE LAW
Telibekova I. M.
Foreign experience of legal regulation of insurance
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Ardavov M. M., Taova L. Y.
Mitigating and aggravating circumstances as a criminal category
Aripshev A. M.
Official boundary (Law enforcement practice under Article 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – abuse of official authority)
Bogdanov A. V.
Criminal liability as a type of legal liability: concept, content and features
Buraeva L. A., Kurashinova A. K., Voyloshnikov O. D.
The most dangerous technologies of the future used by scammers in the global information space
Dulenko V. A., Bronfman B. E.
Actual problems of observance of the rights of a citizen during the investigation of a criminal case
Zhurtov A. B., Ashhotova L. A., Kodzokov B. V.
Legal aspects of the investigation of criminal cases against minors, ways of their development
Zorina N. S.
Causes of juvenile delinquency and preventive measures in modern conditions
Ismailov A. E.
Historical development and the role of internal affairs bodies in the system of prevention of offenses by minors
Kashirgov A. H., Kodzokova L. A.
On the issue of the problems of bringing to administrative responsibility for propaganda of symbols of extremist organizations
Kovalenko E. V.
The legal status and powers of the defender in terms of providing evidence in a criminal case
Nekrasov M. A., Kozachenko B. P., Belov V. I.
Some aspects of the realization of human and civil rights and freedoms in the implementation of mandatory state genomic registration of persons serving criminal sentences
Permyakov M. V., Khodasevich O. N., Baleevskikh F. V.
Crimes in the economic sphere
Rostovtseva A. M.
Criminal prosecutions of persons committing a crime in respect to minors
Smirnova I. N., Minaeva I. S.
Organizational aspects of the prevention of repeated crimes of convicted persons without deprivation of liberty in the framework of joint work of criminal enforcement inspections and internal affairs bodies
Stupina S. A.
On the question of the selfish purpose of embezzlement
Trofimtseva S. Yu.
The objective side of the crime under Art. 274.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation:
inaccuracies and contradictions in criminal regulation
Umarov A. Z., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
Legal regulation of punishments for crimes committed by officials in the sphere of economic activity
Sheigasanov Sh. I., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
Problematic issues of classification of crimes provided for by chapter 23 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and prospects for its development
Aripshev A. M.
Modern problems of cyberterrorism and current methods of combating crimes in the field of IT technologies during the COVID-19 pandemic
Kodzokov B. V.
Problems of combating illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and their precursors, as well as problems that arise when detecting the illegal sale of narcotic drugs and their precursors
Kumysheva M. K., Shigalugova M. H.
Combating corruption as one of the most important tasks of the state
Kovalenko E. V.
Refusal to initiate a criminal case
Kurdukov A. N.
Prospects for decriminalization of terrorist crimes committed by non-violent means
Rasulov R. M., Radjabov Sh. R.
Criminal law crimes in the Russian Federation
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Amirchanova A. Sh., Gasanova Z. G.
Actual problems of classification of participants in criminal proceedings and the court in criminal proceedings
Arslanova A. R., Kangezov M. R.
Issues of improving the process of inspection of the accident site and inspection of the corpse
Aleksandrov A. N., Arhiptsev I. N., Krasnenko Yu. V.
On the question of implementation of the language principle in criminal proceedings of the Russian Federation at the stage of preliminary investigation
Babichev A. G., Khakimova E. R.
Improvement of the institute of the abbreviated form of inquiry
Kashirgov A. H., Semenov E. A.
Some issues of countering crimes committed using IT technologies
Kornelyuk O. V., Konovalova E. A.
Basic methodological concepts of domestic criminal process
Makoeva E. R., Animokov I. K.
Features of the application of the preventive measure:detention of a suspect
Manukyan A. R.
On the issue of the powers of an expert as a participant in criminal proceedings
Medvedeva A. S.
Features of the application of special knowledge in the field of cultural studies and religious studies at the pre-trial stages of criminal proceedings involving minors
Milikova A. V., Trishina N. T., Kabelkov S. N.
Investigator functions: сriminal procedure and psychological aspects
Tanechnik Yu. S.
The concept of search in criminal proceedings
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V., Zakharova S. S.
Criminal procedural knowledge of the results of operational investigative activities and regime measures as evidence in the investigation of a criminal case
Suleymanov A. S., Radjabov S. R.
Criminal proceedings and digital technologies
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V., Maslennikov E. E.
Evaluation of the results of the OIA as a type of evidence in criminal cases of crimes related to illicit drug trafficking
Teligisova S. S.
Problems of law enforcement practice: appeal and review of sentences and other court decisions in the appeal, cassation and supervisory procedure
Alieva A. A., Akhmedkhanova S. T., Nutsalhanov G. N.
Interaction of norms of criminal and criminal procedure law
Fedorchenko V. S.
Establishment of the judicial control institution at the pre-trial stage (historical and legal aspects)
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Belova E. Yu.
Some aspects of the international legal regulation of issues arising during the serving of a sentence in the form of imprisonment of persons with sexual identification disorders
Golovastova Yu. A.
Criminal-executive process: statement of the problem of delineation of criminal-executive and criminal-procedural relations
Kutakov N. N., Novitskiy S. S.
Security of employees of places of detention in Russia:a historical aspect
Mikheeva S. V.
To the issue of employment of persons sentenced to deprivation of liberty
Kharaev A. A., Sasikov A. I., Kondrashov A. G.
On the issues of improving the system of execution of punishments
 
JUDICIARY
Teppeev A. A.
Investigative actions as the basis of criminal proceedings and the rules for their production
Tolgurova Z. H., Khakunov A. M.
Rules for investigative actions as the basis of criminal proceedings
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Zaytseva E. V.
Certain aspects of the investigation of fraud committed using information and telecommunications technologies
Igumenov A. S., Danilov D. B.
On the question of the essence and content of concepts:the missing person and the circumstances indicating the criminal nature of the disappearance of the person
Minyasheva G. I.
To the question of the methodology for conducting an operational-search measure “Obtaining computer information”
Nagoeva M. A.
About the experience of conducting internships of food laboratory experts
Nazarkin E. V., Suleymanov T. A., Zakharova S. S.
Using the records of the forensic registration system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia during the initial stage of the investigation of a crime in the field of computer information
Teppeev A. A.
Features of the investigation of crimes committed by minors
Tanechnik Yu. S.
On the question of researching the definition of «Investigative activity of an investigator»
Tkhazeplov T. M.
The use of special knowledge in the investigation of terrorist crimes
Fayzullina A. A.
Establishing a fire source during the inspection of the scene of an incident associated with a criminal fire
Fakov A. M.
Some features of the investigation of road accidents
Chechenov A. M.
Unauthorized operational-search measures as part of operational-search activities
Shirshov B. V.
Criminalistic tactics: content, structure and specificity of its interaction with science criminal law
Tsrimov A. A.
Problematic issues of inspection of the scene of the incident during the investigation of terrorist crimes
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Romanovskaya I. V.
Background phenomena affecting women’s crime
Surtsev A. V., Napsokov A. R.
The personality of the criminal as the main object of criminological characteristics
Shigalugova M. Kh., Shogenov Z. A.
Criminological changes in women’s crime
Shogenov Z. A., Karachaev A. R.
Modern methods of studying sweat traces
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Aleshin S. V.
On the issue of legality of the use by police officers of measures to ensure the proceedings in the case of an administrative offense
Kodzokova L. A., Karchaeva K. A.
Concept, tasks and functions of internal affairs bodies
Koblov F. Ch., Chattaev A. R.
On some problematic issues of the application of administrative legislation by police officers in the suppression of offenses in the family and household sphere
Kuchmezov R. A., Bondar A. G., Ashhotova L. A.
Moral and psychological stability as a basic personal characteristic of a police employee
Marchenko D. E.
Problems of pension provision for employees of the penal enforcement system
Taova L. Yu.
Features of the prevention of juvenile delinquency by the internal affairs authorities
Khazhirokov V. A.
Strength training of police officers as the basis for improving the skills of using striking techniques against the offender
Shamaev A. M., Gutaev A. M.
Features of legal regulation in standard and special conditions when using weapons by the forces
of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia and the Troops of the National Guard of Russia
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Buraeva L. A., Fedorenko S. P.
About the actual problems of propaganda of child suicide in the internet space
Volkhovskiy R. A., Smirnova I. N.
The experience of the Russian Federation in the field of normative legal regulation and practical control of social rehabilitation and resocialization of convicts suffering from drug addiction serving sentences alternative to imprisonment
Zhukov A. Z., Ingushev C. K., Shkakhova F. A.
Problems of ensuring information security in the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia when working with databases
Karachaev A. R.
Countering economic crime in the Russian Federation as a threat to economic security
Karchaeva K. A.
Cybercrime as a threat to the security of society at the present stage
Mashekuasheva M. K., Mazdogova Z. Z., Makoeva E. R.
The concepts of «extremism» and «terrorism» in the legislation of Russia
Misrokov T. Z.
Evolution of Russian legislation on countering extremism
Ovchinnikov O. A.
Review of the State strategy for countering illicit drug trafficking
Urusov Z. Kh.
Constitutional and legal mechanisms for countering terrorism in the Russian Federation
Shabetya I. V., Gabzalilov V. F.
Topical issues of preventive work to counteract the spread of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances (based on the materials of the Anti-drug Commission of the Republic of Bashkortostan)
Shamaev A. M.
Improvement of legislative implementation in the field of road safety
Shercnianykh A. S.
Actual spoofing methods
Shigalugova M. Kh., Fedina L. M.
Some legal aspects of the organization and conduct of public events in the Russian Federation
Yakovchuk T. V., Cherniadeva A. S.
Mechanisms of international legal protection of athletes’ rights
 
STATE AND LAW
Tlupova A. V., Maremkulova R. N., Mambetova K. M.
Classification of types of legal monitoring of legislation in the Russian Federation
Gofman A. A., Timoschuk A. S.
Digital praxeology
Ivliev P. V., Ananjeva E. O.
The development of libraries in Russia as a way of mass information education of young people:
problems and solutions
Tulupova E. O., Demidova T. K., Yusupova R. R.
Inclusion as a principle and a right: German experience
Tlupova A. V., Kymisheva M. K.
Methodological basis and system of principles for implementing legal monitoring in the Russian Federation
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Babin A. V., Lukyanov A. B.
Actual problems of physical training and sports of employees of internal affairs bodies and ways to solve them
Girenok G. A.
CORCAN: stories of success?
Zinnatov R. R.
Sambo as an element of professionally applied physical training in educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
Mingulov I. R., Lukyanov A. B.
The place and importance of physical culture in the prevention of osteochondrosis, kyphosis and scoliosis of law enforcement officers
Kardanov A. K.
On some issues of using distance educational technologies in the educational process of the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
Koblov F. Ch.
To the question of the philosophy of pedagogical excellence in educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
Kоrkmazov A. V., Kuchmezov R. A., Bondar A. G.
Personal and sense characteristics of the discipline of courses and listeners training in educational organizations of the MIA of Russia
Magomedaliev M. M.
Features of the development of power abilities in hand-to-hand fighters at the initial stage of training
Marchenko S. V.
On the question of organization of the process of educating convicted women in Russia and abroad
Mingulov I. R., Lukyanov B. G.
On the issue of legal regulation of the development of physical culture and sports in the Russian Federation
Melnikov A. S., Shekalov A. P.
Some features of the introduction of elective disciplines in physical culture and sports in educational organizations of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia
Tkhazeplov T. M.
Pedagogical ways to counter the ideology of terrorism
Tuko D. D., Ovechkin D. G., Foka A. V.
Influence of distance learning on the discipline “Physical training” in educational organizations
of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Galeeva N. N.
Development of a methodological approach to assessment of the significance of tax risks
Kireeva O. A., Plotnikova L. S.
The modern corporate reporting model
Kantor O. G., Shakirova T. R.
Accounting as a source of information support of the enterprise controlling system
Leybert T. B., Pogosyan A. A.
Managerial aspects of the formation and use of material and production reserves in oil companies
Marchenkova L. M.
International relations: evolution, types, levels, current state
Mukhyanova N. I.
Innovation as a factor of social and economic development of the country
Solovova Yu. V.
Geopolitical aspects of hydrogen energy
Shamsutdinova L. F.
Features of resource management in the field of social entrepreneurship: financial aspect
Talatin E. A.
The place of strategic alliances in the fuel and energy complex in a new global reality
Chernyavskaya E. V., Koltyshev V. V., Gvozdev M. D.
Improvement of customs regulatory mechanisms and infrastructural support for foreign trade
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Butenko A. K.
On the issue of the formation of “normal legal consciousness” in the philosophy of I. A. Ilyina
Vorokhobov A. V., Plaksin V. A.,
Laryushkin S. A., Urakov S. A.
Western foundations of the philosophy of V.S. Solovyov:on the problem of filiation of ideas
Zubkov S. A.
Ecophilic philosophy and poetry
Sharipov A. R., Abrarova Z. F.
To the problem of understanding national self-association in the aspect of the prospects of the creation of artificial intelligence
Vorokhobov A. V., Spirin V. K.,
Sobko R. V., Ulanov M. V.
Evaluation of the Old Testament tradition in the philosophical heritage of V. V. Rozanov
 
INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Mishalchenko Yu.V., Sekste J.A.
European Union and NATO: international legal trends in the development of the European defense system in modern conditions
Most EU countries are members of the North Atlantic Alliance (NATO), the locomotive of which is still the United States. Following the decision to create PESCO, the United States expressed concern that the European defense initiative could split up the European NATO forces. As a result, the creation of an effective defensive union of the EU is hindered by a number of circumstances: the skeptical attitude of the United States to this initiative and the involvement of European countries in the already established NATO system, in which Washington plays the main role.
Keywords: The North Atlantic Alliance( NATO), the European Union (EU), the Permanent Structured Cooperation of the EU countries (PESCO), Northern European Defence Cooperation (NORDEFCO).
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7. Utkin S.V. «Faktor Trampa» v transatlanticheskih otnoshenijah: reakcija evropejskogo sojuza// Problemy evropejskoj bezopasnosti. 2018.# 3. S. 23-46. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/faktortrampa-v-transatlanticheskih-otnosheniyah-reaktsiyaevropeyskogo-soyuza/viewer (data obrashhenija:23.08.2021).
8. Shumilin A.I. Evroatlanticheskaja solidarnost' posle Trampa // Nauchno-analiticheskij vestnik Instituta Evropy RAN. 2020. # 6 (18). S. 14-21. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/evroatlanticheskaya-solidarnost-posletrampa(data obrashhenija: 23.08.2021).
9. Potemkina O.Ju. Evropejskij sojuz: bitva za bjudzhet // Nauchno-analiticheskij vestnik Instituta Evropy RAN. 2020. # 2. S. 29-33. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/evropeyskiy-soyuz-bitva-za-byudzhet/viewer(data obrashhenija: 22.08.2021).
10. BenefitsofEUbudget 2021-2027 (an official website of the European Union). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhimdostupa: https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/eu-budget/long-term-eu-budget/2021-2027/benefits-eu-budget_en(dataobrashhenija: 20.08.2021).
11. Coffey L., Kochis D. The role of Sweden and Finland in NATO’s Defence of the Baltic States // The Heritage Foundation. 28.04.2016. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.heritage.org/europe/report/the-role-sweden-and-finland-natos-defense-thebaltic-
states (data obrashhenija: 20.08.2021).
12. Global Strategy for Foreign Policy and Security. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/default/files/eu_global_strategy_ru.pdf(data obrashhenija: 20.08.2021).
13. O’Hanlon M. Beyond NATO: a new security architecture for Eastern Europe. 2017. Brooklyn Institution Press. Washington DC. Pp. 71-75. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/full-text_-beyond-nato.pdf (data obrashhenija: 21.08.2021).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Korovin E.S.
International legal regulation of the creation and functioning of internal electricity market of the EU
The fourth legislative package introduced significant amendments to the institutional framework, scope of authority and the balance between national and international legal regulation of the internal electricity market. The article analyzes the model of the internal market for electricity of the European Union, reveals the essence of the market, chronologizes its development, examines in detail the institutional structure and features of international legal regulation of the electricity industry in the EU. The article also review plans of the European legislator to enhance the degree of supranational participation in the internal electricity market.
Keywords: electricity industry, domestic electric power market, cross-border electricity supply, European Union, European Commission, common market.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dogovor o funkcionirovanii Evropejskogo sojuza (v redakcii Lissabonskogo dogovora). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.eulaw.ru/treaties/tfeu/(data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021).
2. Evropejskaja integracija: uchebnik / pod red. O.V. Butorinoj. — M.: Izdatel'skij Dom «Delovaja literatura», 2011. — 720 s.
3. Neshataeva T. N. Integracija i nadnacionalizm //Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki. – 2014. – # 2 (24).
4. Sedova Zh.I. Pravovye osnovy obshhego jenergeticheskogo rynka: uchebnoe posobie. — M.: Rossijskij gosudarstvennyj universitet pravosudija, 2019. – 152 s.
5. Case C-767/19: Action brought on 17 October 2019 — European Commission v Kingdom of Belgium. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A62019CN0767(data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021).
6. Commission of the European Communities. The internal energy market. Working paper. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.aei.pitt.edu/4037/1/4037.pdf (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021).
7. Commission staff working document impact assessment.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/rep/10102/2016/EN/SWD-2016-410-F1-EN-MAIN-PART-3.PDF (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021).
8. Judgment of the Court of 5 May 1982. Gaston Schul Douane Expediteur BV v Inspecteur der Invoerrechten en Accijnzen, Roosendaal. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: www.eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A61981CJ0015 (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021).
9. Judgment of the Court of 21 June 2007. Commission of the European Communities v Kingdom of Spain.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1583865666460&uri=CELEX:62005CJ0358 (data obrashhenija:20.09.2021).
10. Regulation (EU) 2019/943 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 on the internal market for electricity. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32019R0943 (data obrashhenija:20.09.2021).
11. Regulation No 714/2009 on conditions for access to the network for cross-border exchanges in electricity and repealing Regulation (EC) # 1228/200. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.eur‑lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:211:0015:0035:EN:PDF(data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021).
12. Talus K. Introduction to EU Energy Law. Oxford University Press, 2016. – 180 p.
13. Von Danwitz T. Regulation and liberalization of the European Electricity Market – a German view. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.eba-net.org/assets/1/6/7-423-450.pdf (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Etdzaeva K.A.
Human rights and colonial clause to European Convention on Human Rights and fundamental freedoms
Amid ongoing debates about the membership of the Russian Federation in the Council of Europe, the author of this article draws attention to one of the weak points of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the “rudiment” of international treaty law – article 56, better known as the “colonial clause”. The article deals in detail with the circumstances in which the colonial clause was included in the European Convention and why it is still valid. The author’s analysis of the interaction of Article 56 with Article 1 in the context of the territorial scope of the Convention and its application outside the borders of the Council of Europe is of particular interest. Examination of such cases lead to conclusion that some State-Parties, historically being metropolises, are prior than others State-Parties. The reason for such conclusion lies in ability of former metropolises to choose – ensure or not provisions of the Convention on their overseas territories. Moreover, ECHR’s case-law on application of Article 56 demonstrate that individuals residing in dependent territories are highly limited in ability to seek conventional protection because they are deprived of the main right – right on individual application. In final part of this article the author examines the reasons why the colonial clause is still in force.
Keywords: European Court of Human Rights, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, colonial clause, jurisdiction, territory, extraterritorial jurisdiction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Djevid Harris, Majkl O’Bojl, Jedvard Bejts i Karla Bakli. Pravo Evropejskoj konvencii po pravam cheloveka. - M.: Razvitie pravovyh sistem, 2018.
2. Ispolinov A.S. Rol' posledujushhej praktiki gosudarstv v prave mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov // Zakonodatel'stvo. - 2016. - # 9. - S. 79-87.
3. Lukashuk I.I. Sovremennoe pravo mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov: V 2 t. Zakljuchenie mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov. - Tom 1. – M.: «Volters Kluver», 2004.
4. Luk'jancev G.E. Evropejskie standarty v oblasti prav cheloveka. Teorija i praktika funkcionirovanija Evropejskoj konvencii o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod. - M.: Zven'ja, 2000.
5. Panteleeva K.A. Territorial'naja jurisdikcija ESPCh ili kriterij priemlemosti zhalob ratione loci // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2015. - #9. - S. 62-67.
6. Talalaev A.N. Mezhdunarodnye dogovory v sovremennom mire. - M., 1973.
7. Tumanov V.A. Evropejskij Sud po pravam cheloveka. Ocherk organizacii i dejatel'nosti. - M.: Izdatel'stvo NORMA, 2001.,
8. A.W.B. Simpson Human Rights and the End of Empire:Britain and the Genesis of the European Convention, Oxford University Press, 2004.
9. Barbara Miltner, Revisiting Extraterritoriality after Al-Skeini: The ECHR and Its Lessons, 33 Mich. J. Int’l L. 693 (2012).
10. J.E.S. Fawcett, Treaty Relations of British Overseas Territories.
11. John F. Stinneford, Death, Desuetude, and Original Meaning, 56 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 531 Volume 56. Issue 2 (2014)
12. L. Moor and A.W.B. Simpson, ‘Ghosts of Colonialism in the European Convention on Human Rights’, British Yearbook of International Law 26 (2005).
13. M. Milanovic, M. Extraterritorial application of human rights treaties: law, principles, and policy. Oxford University Press.
14. Magne Frostad, The «Colonial Clause» and Extraterritorial Application of Human Rights: The European Convention on Human Rights Article 56 and its Relationship to Article 1, Law and Politics. Vol. 4. 1/2013.
15. Pieter van Dijk, Fried van Hoof, Arjen van Rijn, Leo Zwaak Theory and Practice of the European Convention on Human Rights (Intersentia, 4th edn, 2006).
16. Ralph Wilde, ‘Anachronistic as colonial remnants may be...’ Locating the Rights of the Chagos Islanders as a Case Study of the Operation of Human Rights Law in Colonial Territories’ Fifty Years of the British Indian Ocean Territory: Legal Perspectives Editors: Allen, Stephen, Monaghan, Chris (Eds.), 2018.
17. Robert J. Miller, The International Law of Colonialism:A Comparative Analysis, Robert J. Miller Lewis & Clark Law School, 2009.
18. Yuen-Li Liang, Notes on Legal Questions Concerning the United Nations, 1951.
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Borchenko V.A.
Application of the institute of pre-estimated losses in foreign countries
One of the main conditions for the existence of an effective economic turnover is the presence of institutions that guarantee the fulfillment of obligations. One of such institutions is the institute of pre-estimated damages, which is widely used both in continental law and in the countries of the Anglo-Saxon legal family. The article analyzes the legal regulation and practice of applying pre-estimated losses on the example of such countries as England, the USA, France, Germany.
Keywords: estimated losses in advance, recovery of losses, recovery of a penalty, non-performance or improper performance of a contractual obligation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grishin D. A. Neustojka: teorija, praktika, zakonodatel'stvo. – M.: Statut, 2005.
2. Litarenko N. V. Izmenenie podhoda k neustojke v Anglii // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2016. – # 11. – S. 214-222.
3. Tekst GGU na anglijskom jazyke v redakcii ot 1 oktjabrja 2013 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: goo.gl/JxNKcO (data obrashhenija:05.09.2021).
4. Tekst FGK na anglijskom jazyke v redakcii ot 17 maja 2013 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: goo.gl/0xVzTU (data o brashhenija: 05.09.2021).
5. Benjamin P. Penalties, Liquidated Damages and Penal Clauses in Commercial Contracts: A
Comparative Study of English and Continental Law // The International and Comparative Law
Quarterly. - Vol. 9. - # 4 (Oct., 1960). - P. 617.
6. Tullett Prebon Group Ltd v El-Hajjali [2008] EWHC 1924 (QB), [2008] I.R.L.R. 760.
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Ermakova E.P.
Does gas and nuclear energy production qualify for green financing under the 2020 EU Taxonomy?
The article notes that the EU Taxonomy divides investments into two main categories: 1) “sustainable”, such as hydrogen, solar energy and bioenergy, and 2) those that cause “significant harm” to the environment, such as coal, anthracite and brown coal. But the EU Taxonomy lacks two energy sources – natural gas and nuclear energy. The EU Commission has postponed a crucial decision on the classification of both resources due to deep divisions between the EU countries.
Keywords: European Union law, green finance, energy transition, EU taxonomy, gold standard for green bonds.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ermakova E.P. Nacional'nyj standart zelenyh finansov v Rossii 2020 g. — proryv v sfere normativnogo regulirovanija «zelenogo» finansirovanija? //RUDN Journal of Law. - 2021. - T. 25. - # 2. - S. 562-581.DOI: 10.22363/2313-2337-2021-25-2-562-581.
2. Ivanov V. (2021). Den'gi v zelenyh tonah // Vedomosti. - 02 sentjabrja 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vedomosti.ru/ecology/articles/2021/09/02/884778-dengi-zelenih-tonah (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2021).
3. Mavrina L. (2021). Minjek podgotovil paket kljuchevyh dokumentov dlja zelenogo finansirovanija// Vedomosti. - 20 maja 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vedomosti.ru/economics/articles/2021/05/19/870485-minek-paket (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2021).
4. Frolova E.E. Zelenye obligacii v stranah Severnoj Evropy: osobennosti razvitija i pravovogo regulirovanija // Zhurnal Belorusskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. – Minsk, 2020. - # 2. - S.43–48.
5. Brussels delays decision on making natural gas and nuclear energy a green investment // Euronews. –21.04.2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.euronews.com/2021/04/21/brussels-delays-decision-on-making-natural-gas-and-nuclear-energy-a-green-investment (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
6. Euronews (2021). Green bonds: Can the EU really become the world’s largest issuer of climate-conscious finance? // Euronews. – 13.09.2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.euronews.com/2021/09/13/green-bonds-can-the-eu-really-become-
the-world-s-largest-issuer-of-climate-consciousfinan(data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
7. Hoslet O. (2021) EU unveils ‘gold standard’ sustainable finance strategy to cut greenhouse gas emissions// Euronews. – 07.07.2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.euronews.com/green/2021/07/06/brussels-unveils-gold-standardbond-to-boost-private-investment-in-green-transition(data obrashhenija: 27.08.2021).
8. Jones L. (2021). 2021 Green Forecast Updated to Half a Trillion – Latest H1 Figures Signal New Surge in Global Green, Social & Sustainability Investment // Climate Bonds Initiative. - Aug 31, 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.climatebonds.net/2021/08/climate-bonds-updates-2021-greenforecast-half-trillion-latest-h1-figures-signal-new-surge(data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
9. Lehmann A. (2021). The EU green bond standard:sensible implementation could define a new asset class// Bruegel Blog. - 12 July 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.bruegel.org/2021/07/the-eu-green-bond-standard-sensible-implementationcould-
define-a-new-asset-class/ (data obrashhenija:08.09.2021).
10. Simon F. (2021). À l’approche des élections allemandes, l’UEtarde à reconnaître le nucléairecommeune « énergieverte »// EURACTIV. - 10.09.2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.euractiv.fr/section/avenir-de-l-ue/news/a-lapprochedes-elections-allemandes-lue-tarde-a-reconnaitrele-nucleaire-comme-une%E2%80%89energieverte%E2%80%89/ (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2021).
11. Simon F. (2021). Germany leads call to keep nuclear out of EU green finance taxonomy // EURACTIV. - 02.07.2021.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy-environment/news/germany-leads-call-to-keep-nuclear-out-of-eu-greenfinance-taxonomy/ (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2021).
12. Technical assessment of nuclear energy with respect to the ‘do no significant harm’ criteria of Regulation (EU) 2020/852 (‘Taxonomy Regulation’) // European Atomic Energy Community. [Jelektronnyj resurs].–Rezhim dostupa: https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/default/files/business_economy_euro/banking_and_finance/documents/210329-jrc-report-nuclear-energyassessment_en.pdf (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
13. Teplinsky E. et al (2021). Is science (and not politics)finally driving the EU Taxonomy? // World Nuclear Association.06 May 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://world-nuclear-news.org/Articles/Viewpoint-Is-science-and-not-politics-finally-driv
(data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
14. UE: sept pays dont la France déendent la place du nucléire // Le Figaro avec AFP. - 25.03.2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-eco/ue-sept-pays-dont-la-france-defendentla-place-du-nucleaire-20210325 (data obrashhenija:15.09.2021).
15. Regulation (EU) 2020/852 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2020 on the establishment of a framework to facilitate sustainable investment, and amending Regulation (EU) 2019/2088 (Text with EEA relevance) PE/20/2020/INIT// EUR-Lex. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2020/852/oj (data obrashhenija: 29.09.2021).
16. Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on European green bonds.COM/2021/391 final// EUR-Lex. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52021PC0391 (data obrashhenija: 27.08.2021).
 
EUROPEAN LAW
Chugunov D.K., Utsumiev M.M., Zotina P.E.
Recovery of penalties in case of failure to fulfill the EU Court of justice decisions
In case No. C 718/18, the EU Court of Justice ruled that Germany did not comply with the Third
Energy Package. Due to the fact that EU member states regularly fail to enforce court decisions, it appears that the European Commission will resort to initiating penalties. In this article, the normative basis for the fine, judicial practice and the prospects for the development of one particular case will be noted. This article may not reflect the positions of the organizations represented by the authors.
Keywords: European Union, Germany, EU Court of Justice, penalties, enforcement of judgments.
Work bibliographic list
1. Case 543/17, Commission v. Belgium.
2. Case C-177/04 Commission v. France.
3. Case C-304/02, Commission v. France.
4. Case C-533/11, Commission v. Belgium.
5. Commission Communication 2005/1658, paragraphs 17, 22.
6. Commission Communication 2011 / C 12/01, paragraph 23, and SEC Communication 2005/1658, paragraphs 14-18.
7. Counsel General Michaud in C-278/01, Commission v. Spain, para. 77.
8. Judgment in case T-139/06, France v. Commission, para. 79.
9. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Reim dostupa: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_4587.
10. Putting EU law into practice: The European Commission’s oversight responsibilities under Article 17 (1) of the Treaty on European Union, p. 29.

LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Yang Tianfang
Supervisory board mechanism in China: a study on effectiveness of legislation and practice
The results of legal regulation on the creation of special supervisory organs of a corporation in different countries (regions) differ significantly. The article examines the legal status of the supervisory board in the structure of corporate governance in China, as well as its purpose, function and features. The practice of using this mechanism in China is analyzed. Important examples of Chinese court decisions on the exercise of the righ t of checking atypical situations by the supervisory board are given. For the further development of this named mechanism, its current shortcomings in China is considered in detail. Based on the research, the author puts forward proposals for optimizing the legal regulation of corporate governance in Russian legislation.
Keywords: China, supervisory board, corporate governance, effectiveness, legislation, practice.
Work bibliographic list
1. Jun Zhao. Comparative Study of US and German Corporate Governance: Suggestions on the Relationship between Independent Directors and the Supervisory Board of Listed Companies in China // 18 Mich. St. U. Coil. L.J. Int΅―l L. 2010. ¨D 495 ¨C506 p.
2. 范健, 王建文. 公司法: 教材 / 第五版. 北京.: 法律出版 社, ― 2018. ― 417页.
3. 冯建生, 徐会志. 中国上市公司独立董事与监事会并构模式探析 // 华北电力大学学报(社会科学版). ― 2005年.―第1期. 36―39页.
4. 蒋大兴. 公司董事会的职权再造// 现代法学. ― 2020.― # 4. ― S. 113-126.
5. 施天涛. 公司法论. 北京.: 法律出版社, ― 2018. ― 625页.
6. 朱锦清. 公司法 /上册.: 清华大学出版社, ― 2017年.― 555页.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Nigmatullin R.V., Kovalev M.V.
The concept of the separation of powers in historical and legal thought and at the present stage
The article examines the evolution of the theory of separation of powers from the moment of the first attempts to form it from the thinkers of antiquity to the present. The principle of separation of powers is one of the main ones for the rule of law. The consolidation of the principle of separation of powers in the main documents of most modern states was preceded by a centuries-old evolution of ideas for its correct formation. Mainly, the concept of separation of powers was based on the position of limiting the power of the sole ruler, giving part of the legislative and judicial powers.
After the transition from monarchic to republican forms of government, the main task of the theory of the separation of powers is the delineation of powers between the branches of government in such a way that the executive branch does not gain superiority over other branches of government. Refined by the “system of checks and balances” in the US Constitution, the concept of separation of powers has been adopted by modern states. At present, the theory of the separation of powers is already exploring the factors and causes that can upset the constitutional balance in the system of separation of powers, not taking into account only the formal delineation.
Keywords: principle of separation of powers, system of checks and balances, state power, form of government, mechanism of state power.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gobbs T. Lefiafan // Sochinenija: V 2 t. M.: Mysl', 1989.
2. Istorija Evropy: ot srednevekov'ja k novomu vremeni (konec XV - pervaja polovina XVII vekov). M.,1993.-T. 3.
3. Lazarev V.V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. M.: Spark, 1998.
4. Lokk Dzh. Sochinenija: V 3 t. T. 1. M.: Mysl', 1988.
5. Makiavelli Nikkolo. Istorija Florencii / Perevod N.Ja.Rykovoj. M.: Nauka, 1987.
6. Montesk'e Sh. Izbrannye proizvedenija. M.: Gospolitizdat, 1955.
7. Muravskij V.A. Razdelenie vlastej: istoricheskij opyt i Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii // Nauchnyj ezhegodnik Instituta filosofii i prava Ural'skogo otdelenija RAN. Vyp. 1. Ekaterinburg, 1999. S. 227.
8. Nersesjanc V.S. Iz predystorii konstitucionalizma// Istorija burzhuaznogo konstitucionalizma XVII-XVIII vv. M., 1983.
9. Nersesjanc V.S. Gegelevskaja filosofija prava: istorija i sovremennost'. M., 1974.
10. Polibij. Vseobshhaja istorija, v 40 knigah. T. 2. SPb., 1995.
11. Terehov V.I. Stanovlenie i razvitie koncepcii razdelenija vlastej // Razdelenie vlastej: istorija sovremennost' / Otv. red. M.N. Marchenko M., 2002. S. 8.
12. Hesse K. Osnovy konstitucionnogo stroja FRG. M., 1981.
13. Fridrich C.J. Limited government. A comparison. N.J., 1974. P. 19.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Vrazhnov A.S., Nikonovich S.L.
On the issue of introducing a monopoly of lawyers for representation in courts
In this article, based on the analysis of domestic legislation, local acts of the legal community, the works of scientific and practical workers, the collective author’s position on the inexpediency of introducing a legislative monopoly of lawyers on judicial representation in the Russian Federation is justified.
Keywords: advocacy, legal monopoly, legal assistance, judicial representation, legal services.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks RF (chast' pervaja) ot 30.11.1994# 51-FZ // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 28.11.2018 # 451-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
3. Federal'nyj zakon RF «O zashhite konkurencii» ot 26.07.2006 # 135-FZ // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
4. Federal'nyj zakon RF ot 31.05.2002 # 63-FZ «Ob advokatskoj dejatel'nosti i advokature v Rossijskoj Federacii» // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
5. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 15.04.2014 #312 «Ob utverzhdenii gosudarstvennoj programmy Rossijskoj Federacii «Justicija» // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
6. Vrazhnov A.S. K voprosu o specializacii v advokature // Advokatskaja praktika. – 2016. – # 4. – S. 45-48.
7. Dejatel'nost' obshhestvennyh institutov (na 30.06.2021) //Vserossijskij centr izuchenija obshhestvennogo mnenija.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://wciom.
ru/ratings/dejatelnost-obshchestvennykh-institutov/ (data obrashhenija: 21.07.2021).
8. Morozov R.M. K voprosu ob advokatskoj monopolii v rossijskom sudoproizvodstve // Ius publicum et privatum. – 2018. – # 2. – S. 36-39.
9. Morshhakova T. Konstitucionnye osnovy organizacii i reformirovanija sistemy kvalificirovannoj juridicheskoj pomoshhi v Rossijskoj Federacii// Sravnitel'noe konstitucionnoe obozrenie. – 2015.– # 5 (108). – S. 58-72.
10. Popova D.G. Professional'noe sudebnoe predstavitel'stvo: sostojanie i perspektivy // Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija:Gumanitarnye i obshhestvennye nauki. – 2018. – # 4.– S. 84–91.
11. Postanjuk V.D. Problema vvedenija advokatskoj monopolii // Voprosy rossijskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava. – 2020. – T. 10. – # 9-1. – S. 39–47.
12. Proekt Rasporjazhenija Pravitel'stva RF «Ob utverzhdenii Koncepcii regulirovanija rynka professional'noj juridicheskoj pomoshhi» (podgotovlen Minjustom Rossii) // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
13. Ragulin A.V. Perspektivy vvedenija advokatskoj monopolii v Rossii. Interv'ju s advokatom kollegii advokatov g. Moskvy «Barshhevskij i Partnjory» Pavlom Vital'evichem Hljustovym // Evrazijskaja advokatura. –2015. –# 6 (19). –S. 7-9.
14. Reshenie Dvadcat' pervoj ezhegodnoj otchetno-vybornoj konferencii Advokatskoj palaty Sverdlovskoj oblasti ot 26.02.2021 // Advokatskaja palata Sverdlovskoj oblasti. [Jelektronnyj resurs].–Rezhim dostupa: https://nnoapso.fparf.ru/upload/medialibrary/b9f/Reshenie-21y-konferentsii-APSO.pdf(data obrashhenija: 21.07.2021).
15. Reshenie Soveta Advokatskoj palaty Respubliki Mordovija ot 23.12.2020 // Advokatskaja palata Respubliki Mordovija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://aprm.fparf.ru/documents/chamber/dokumenty/stavki-gonorara-na-2021-god/ (data obrashhenija: 21.07.2021).
16. Standart professional'nogo obuchenija i povyshenija professional'nogo urovnja advokatov i stazherov advokatov (utv. IX Vserossijskim s"ezdom advokatov 18.04.2019) // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
17. Cirkarishvili A. V. Perspektivy vvedenija advokatskoj monopolii // Voprosy rossijskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava. –2016. –# 6. –S. 59-69.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Grechnev A.V.
Interaction between the state and the individual in the focus of the formational approach
The article examines the nature of the state’s influence on the legal status of an individual from the point of view of the formational approach. It is proposed, while retaining the general logic of the change of historical and political eras (dialectics of the historical process), to consider how the interaction of the “state-personality” was carried out throughout human history.
Keywords: legal status of the individual, personality, society, law, duty, freedom, the formational approach.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aznagulova G.M. Interesy v prave: monografija /Pod red. dokt. jurid. nauk Aznagulovoj G.M. - Jurlitinform, 2019. - 256 s.
2. Aznagulova G.M. Pravo i jekonomika: nacional'nye interesy i global'nye trendy / Pod red. dokt. jurid. nauk G.M. Aznagulovoj. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2021. - 232 s.
3. Aznagulova G.M., Hajretdinova A.I. Interes v marksizme kak projavlenie proizvodstvennyh otnoshenij // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020.- # 2. - S. 89-93.
4. Alaev L.B. Istorija tradicionnogo Vostoka s drevnejshih vremen do nachala HH veka. - M., 2004.
5. Istorija gosudarstva i prava zarubezhnyh stran:uchebnik: v 2 t. T. 1. Drevnij mir i Srednie veka /Pod red. N.A. Krasheninnikovoj, O.A. Zhidkova. -M., 2005. - S. 40-45.
6. Istorija politicheskih i pravovyh uchenij: ucheb.dlja vuzov / Pod obshh. red. V.S. Nersesjanca. - M., 1999.- S. 115-120.
7. Malahov V.P., Aznagulova G.M. Problema pravoponimanija v uslovijah cifrovoj real'nosti // Vestnik Moskovskogo gorodskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. - 2021. - # 2. - S. 37-44.
8. Matnenko M.A., Utemisova Z.Zh. Problemy tipologii gosudarstv // Juridicheskie nauki: problemy i perspektivy. - 2015. - # 2. - S. 3-6.
9. Pashencev D.-A. Istorija gosudarstva i prava zarubezhnyh stran v shemah: ucheb. posobie. — 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. - M.: INFRA-M, 2017. - S. 120-122.
10. Rulan N. Istoricheskoe vvedenie v pravo: ucheb. posob. dlja vuzov. - M.: Nota Bene, 2005.
11. Rumjancev P.A. Istoricheskie osobennosti razvitija formy gosudarstva // Vektor nauki Tol'jattinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Juridicheskie nauki. - 2018. - # 3 (30). - S. 38-42.
12. Tynymseitova S.M. Forma pravlenija gosudarstva skvoz' prizmu istoriko – pravovoj mysli // Novaja nauka: Ot idei k rezul'tatu. - 2017. - # 3. - S. 193-197.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Ivanets G.I.
Socio-legal factor of lawful behavior of a person, as the implementation of general prevention
The author of the article, assessing the main factors influencing the formation of motivation in the lawful behavior of an individual, notes that it is based on the correct definition of the needs of both society as a whole and its separate individuals. The author gives a consistent characteristic of the primary motivational models, as well as an analysis of some of them in the framework of the implementation of general prevention.
Keywords: lawful behavior, legislation, motivation, wrongfulness.
Work bibliographic list
1. Veneckaja M.Ja., Zvada A.Je., Tazhibaev D.N. Motivacija cheloveka: teorija A. Maslou i sovremennost' // V sbornike: Social'nye i gumanitarnye nauki v XXI veke: itogi, vyzovy, perspektivy. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem, posvjashhennoj Dnju rossijskoj nauki. - 2020. - S. 85-91.
2. Epifanov O.S. Ugolovno-pravomernoe povedenie lichnosti: obshheteoreticheskij vzgljad // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta im. S.Ju. Vitte. Serija 2: Juridicheskie nauki. - 2020. - # 1 (23). - S. 62-67.
3. Krjazheva S.G. Konformistskoe povedenie kak osobyj vid pravomernogo povedenija // V sbornike: Pravo i jekonomika: nacional'nyj opyt i strategii razvitija. Sbornik statej po itogam Vtorogo Novosibirskogo mezhdunarodnogo juridicheskogo foruma: v 2 ch.- Novosibirsk, 2020. - S. 91-95.
4. Merkulova M.S. Problemy formirovanija pravomernogo social'no-aktivnogo povedenija rossijskih grazhdan. V sbornike: Nauchnye issledovanija:problemy i perspektivy // Sbornik nauchnyh trudov po materialam XVI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2020. - S. 34-39.
5. Slizovskij V.A. Teorija motivacii v povedenii sub"ekta pravootnoshenij: motivy pravomernogo i delinkventnogo povedenija // Vestnik studencheskogo nauchnogo obshhestva GOU VPO «Doneckij nacional'nyj universitet». - 2021. - T. 4. - # 13. - S. 228-233.
6. Tjurina N.I. Pravomernoe povedenie kak ob"ekt juridicheskogo issledovanija: dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. Juridicheskie nauki // Special'nost' 12.00.01 – «Teorija i istorija prava i gosudarstva; istorija uchenij o prave i gosudarstve». - M., 2003. - 218 s.
7. Shkurnik A.I. Pravovaja ocenka pravomernogo povedenija sub"ektov // V sbornike: Gosudarstvovedenie:Problemy i perspektivy razvitija. Jubilejnye nauchnye chtenija (k 75-letnemu jubileju professora V.Ja. Ljubashica): sbornik nauchnyh statej studentov, magistrantov, aspirantov, prepodavatelej. - Rostov-na-Donu, 2020. - S. 422-427.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Faskhutdinova A.V.
Realization of the rights and freedoms of minors
In the article, the authors identify some issues related to the growth of juvenile delinquency, the
need for preventive work aimed at the neglect and homelessness of minors. The measures of general, special and individual prevention are considered. The main characteristic signs of neglect and homelessness of minors are indicated.
Keywords: right, freedom, protection, guarantee, prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konvencija OON «O pravah rebenka». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
2. Nemytina M.V. Juvenal'naja justicija v Rossii: vozmozhnosti stanovlenija // Zashhita interesov sem'i i prav nesovershennoletnih / Pod red. M.V. Nemytinoj. – Samara, 2000. – S. 192-193.
3. Sadovnikova M.N. Mehanizmy zashhity prav nesovershennoletnih // Pravovoe obrazovanie: organizacija vneurochnoj raboty. Regional'nyj opyt / Sb.materialov. – M., 2002. – S. 133.
4. Tokarchuk R.E. Federal'nye konstitucionnye zakony i federal'nye zakony, opredeljajushhie osnovanija (sluchai) i porjadok primenenija sotrudnikami policii fizicheskoj sily, special'nyh sredstv i ognestrel'nogo oruzhija // Obshhestvo i pravo. – 2021. – # 1. – S. 30.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Khavadzhi D.R., Ametka F.A.
Collision resolution mechanism
This article deals with the solution of conflicts of law norms that can occur by the formation of
legal regulations aimed at preventing the emergence, elimination, overcoming of conflicts of law
and allows you to overcome the provisions of the conflicting legal act. The main ways of resolving conflicts of law is the publication of conflict of laws, interpretation of the law and the application of legal provisions that eliminate conflicts, also highlight the use of rules-arbitrators, the use of general rules for overcoming conflicts. The forms of resolving conflicts of law norms are their prevention, elimination and overcoming.
Keywords: law, conflicts of legal norms, rule-making activity, systematization of legislation, conflict of laws.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kozlov S.S. O nekotoryh vozmozhnostjah razreshenija kollizii v uslovijah pravovoj sistemy sovremennoj Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://vestnik.mstu.edu.ru/v09_1_n21/articles/21_kozlov.pdf.
2. Matuzov N.I. Kollizii v prave: prichiny, vidy i sposoby razreshenija // Pravovedenie. – 2016. –# 5. – S. 231-232.
3. Miroshnichenko A.M. Kollizii v pravovom regulirovanii zemel'nyh otnoshenij v RF. - M.:Alerta, 2018. – 270 s.
4. Morozova L.A. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: [uchebnik dlja vuzov po special'nosti 021100 «Jurisprudencija»]. – M., 2010. – 477 s.
5. Nikolaeva A.V. Kollizii pravovyh norm i zakonnoe ih razreshenie. [Jelektronnyj re-
surs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://elib.bsu.by/bitstream/123456789/36062/1/ A.V.%20Nikolaeva.
pdf.
6. Teorija gosudarstva i prava / Pod red. V.K. Babaeva. – M.: Jurist, 2016. – 637 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Khomich N.V., Tatarinova L.V.
Classification and nature of mistakes in juridical discourse (on the example of open access documents of some Irkutsk region districts)
The article considers a set of various kinds of mistakes in some juridical documents of the Irkutsk region that are not security classified. The emphasis is placed on the frequency of using and on the significance of the identified mistakes. As a result of violation of the written language norms the meaning is shifted or the semantic and informational load disappears and legal significance of juridical documents partially devalues. The nature and essence of mistakes are considered in the context of the “discourse” concept and in accordance with the accepted typology of mistakes; however, the discursive approach to mistakes analysis highlights the importance of their role in distorting juridical information content and reducing the level of professional linguistic competence of participants. The article provides examples of spelling, pragmatic, semantic, syntactic, lexical and logical mistakes. The statistical method allowed us to draw the main conclusions on the frequency of making different kinds of mistakes in the juridical discourse.
Keywords: juridical discourse, classification of mistakes, pragmatics of the text, language competence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dorohov V.L. Ponjatie dokumenta v sovetskom prave// Pravovedenie. – 1982. – # 2. – S. 53-60.
2. Karasik V.I. Rechevaja kommunikacija: diskursivnyj aspekt // Grani poznanija. – 2013. – # 1 (21). –S. 23-33.
3. Kozhemjakin E.A. Juridicheskij diskurs kak kul'turnyj fenomen: struktura i smysloobrazovanie //Jurislingvistika. – 2011. – # 11. – S. 131-145.
4. Krapivkina O.A., Nepomilov L.A. Juridicheskij diskurs: ponjatie, funkcii, svojstva // Gumanitarnye nauchnye issledovanija. – 2014. – # 9 (37). – S. 102-105.
5. Musalov M.A. Juridicheskaja lingvistika: aktual'nye problemy stanovlenija // Sovremennyj uchenyj.– 2021. – # 3. – S. 271-274.
6. Nazarov I.D. K Voprosu o soderzhanii juridicheskogo diskursa i juridicheskogo jazyka: filosofsko-pravovoj analiz // Diskurs. – 2017. – # 2. – S. 21-28.
7. Petrova I.M. Ob ispol'zovanii kognitivno-pragmaticheskogo podhoda k issledovaniju konceptual'noj struktury anglijskogo juridicheskogo diskursa// Uchenye zapiski Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo social'nogo universiteta. – 2013. – T. 1. # 3. – S. 92-95.
8. Popova L.E. Juridicheskij diskurs kak ob"ekt interpretacij: Semanticheskij i pragmaticheskij aspekt: avtoreferat dis. ... kandidata filologicheskih nauk: 10.02.19; Kuban. gos. un-t. – Krasnodar, 2005. – 20 s.
9. Serio P. Kak chitajut teksty vo Francii // Kvadratura smysla. Francuzskaja shkola analiza diskursa:[per. s franc. i portug]. – M.: Progress, 1999.– S. 14-53.
10. Stupnikova L.V. Obuchenie professional'no orientirovannomu diskursu v pravovoj sfere v uslovijah mezhkul'turnogo vzaimodejstvija: anglijskij jazyk, nejazykovoj vuz: avtoreferat dis. ... kandidata pedagogicheskih nauk: 13.00.02; Mosk. gos. lingvist. un-t.
– M., 2010. – 23 s.
11. Susov I.P. Vvedenie v teoreticheskoe jazykoznanie.–Jelektron. tekstovye dan. – M.: Vostok-Zapad, 2006.– 382 s. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://homepages.tversu.ru/~ips/1_04.htm (data obrashhenija: 07.05.2015).
12. Hudjakov A.A. Semiozis prostogo predlozhenija monografija; M-vo obrazovanija Ros. Federacii. Ros.gos. ped. un-t im. A. I. Gercena, Pomor. gos. un-t im.M. V. Lomonosova. – Arhangel'sk: Pomor. gos. un-t im. M. V. Lomonosova, 2000. – 271 s.
13. Chernjavskaja V.E. Lingvistika teksta. Lingvistika diskursa: uchebnoe posobie. – M.: FLINTA: Nauka, 2013. – 201 s.
14. Shejgal E.I. Semiotika politicheskogo diskursa: dissertacija ... doktora filologicheskih nauk:10.02.01, 10.02.19; Volgograd. gos. ped. un-t. – Volgograd, 2000. – 431 s.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Gulyaeva T.B., Gnetova L.V.
The prosecutor’s office in civil proceedings during the period of validity of the Judicial Charter of 1864 and before the entry into force of the Regulations on the court system of the RSFSR in 1926
In the presented article, the author analyzes the legal norms on the regulation of the status of the prosecutor in civil proceedings in the imperial period since 1864, the pre-revolutionary period and ends with the Soviet period of the 1926 Regulations on the Judicial System of the RSFSR. Particular attention is paid to a comparative analysis of Russian legislation in terms of the volume of participation of the prosecutor’s office in the pre-revolutionary and Soviet periods, and a comparison with foreign legislation regulating the legal status of the prosecutor in the specified chronological framework is also given, which allowed the author to draw a number of categorical conclusions.
Keywords: prosecutor, law, prosecutor’s office before the revolution, Soviet civil procedure, prosecutor’s opinion, imperial period.
Work bibliographic list
1. Anaeva, Ekaterina Aleksandrovna. Prokuror kak sub"ekt juridicheskogo processa: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.01: Kazan. (Privolzh.) feder. un-t. Samara, 2011. 215 s.
2. Zakon Rossijskoj Imperii ot 09.05.1911 «Ob otmene zakljuchenij prokurora po grazhdanskim delam»// «Sobranie Uzakonenij». 1911 g. # 99. St. 913.
3. Instrukcija Zemkomissii «O porjadke rassmotrenija spornyh trudovyh del» // NKZ I NKJu 10 janvarja 1924 g.
4. Malyshev K., Kurs grazhdanskogo sudoproizvodstva,t. 1. // SPb., 1876. 454 s.
5. Polozhenija o sudoustrojstve RSFSR ot 11 nojabrja 1922 g. // «S. S.» 1922 g. # 69. St. 962.
6. Ustav grazhdanskogo sudoproizvodstva // Svod zakonov Rossijskoj Imperii, t. 16, ch. 1.
7. Fojnickij I.Ja., Kurs ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva, t. 1 // SPb., izd. 1902 g. S. 483.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Deryugin A.A., Krizhanovskaya G.N.
Activities of law enforcement agencies and troops on the territory St. Petersburg in the first quarter of the 19th century
The article describes the main types of activities of law enforcement agencies and troops of the Russian Empire in the first quarter of the 19th century, operating on the territory of the capital, in the context of the prevailing socio-political situation. The authors pay special attention to the powers of the units of the internal guard of the Russian Empire and the corps of gendarmes operating on the territory of St. Petersburg in the first quarter of the 19th century, as well as the procedure for attracting troops by civil authorities to perform law enforcement functions.
Keywords: Russian Empire, law enforcement agencies, law enforcement forces, Internal Guard of the Russian Empire.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bol'shaja Sovetskaja Jenciklopedija. Jelektronnaja versija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://bigenc.ru/military_science/text/2681058 (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2020).
2. Viskovatov A.V. Hronika rossijskoj imperatorskoj armii, sostavlennaja po Vysochajshemu poveleniju. V 7 chastjah. Chast' 7. - SPb: Voennaja tipografija, 1852. - 334 s.
3. Istoricheskaja spravka po mestnym komandam Sankt-Peterburgskoj gubernii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://antologifo.narod.ru/pages/list2/histore/istSPbKom.htm (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2020).
4. Komarovskij E.F. Zapiski grafa E.F. Komarovskogo. - M.: Vneshtorgizdat, 1990. - 176 s.
5. Kuricin V.M. Istorija policii Rossii. Kratkij istoricheskij ocherk i osnovnye dokumenty: uchebnoe posobie. - M.: Shhit-M, 1998. - 200 s.
6. O sluzhbe v garnizone ili o razvodah, karaul'nyh i chasovyh: Sobrano pri Glavnom shtabe 1-j armii. - [2-e izd., ispr. i dop.]. - Mogilev: Pechatano v Polevoj tipografii Glavnogo shtaba 1-j armii, 1819. - 75 s.
7. Pervyj komandir Otdel'nogo korpusa vnutrennej strazhi Rossii general ot infanterii E.F. Komarovskij (k 205-letiju so dnja rozhdenija). Kniga-al'bom. - M., 2019. - 120 s.
8. Safronova L.A. Obespechenie vnutrennej bezopasnosti i obshhestvennogo porjadka v Rossijskoj imperii 1806 – 1814 gg.: avtoref. dis. … kand. ist. nauk: spec. 07.00.02. - SPb., 2004. - 21 s.
9. Smirnov V. I. Vnutrennie vojska v mehanizme rossijskogo gosudarstva XVIII-XIX vv. (istoriko-pravovoe issledovanie): avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: spec. 12.00.01. - M., 2009. - 27 s.
10. Ustav stolichnogo goroda Sankt-Peterburga: [utverzhden 12 sentjabrja 1798 goda v Gatchine]. – SPb.:Tip. Gos. voen. kollegii, 1798. - 23 s.
11. Shelestinskij D.G. Ustav konvojnoj sluzhby – osnovnoj zakon dlja chinov konvojnoj strazhi Rossii// Istorija gosudarstva i prava. - 2006. - # 4. - S.40-42.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kiyan M.S., Khutko T.V.
The formation of serfdom relations in the Tauride province at the end of the 18th – mid-19th centuries
Based on the study of archival materials and documentary sources, the authors conducted a comparative statistical analysis of the formation and development of serfdom in the Tauride province at the end of the XVIII-first half of the XIX centuries in relation to other provinces of the Russian Empire.
The quantitative composition of the serf population, the unevenness of its distribution across the
counties, and the reasons for the small number of serfs in the Crimea are identified. Conclusions
are drawn about the distinctive features of the development of forms of feudal dependence in the
province, the predominance of hired labor in the landowners ‘ farms of the Tauride nobles.
Keywords: Tavrichesky province, serfdom, corvee, household people, landowners, nobles, state peasants.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borovoj S.Ja. O nekotoryh osobennostjah agrarnogo stroja Stepnoj Ukrainy v predreformennyj period// Ezhegodnik po agrarnoj istorii Vostochnoj Evropy. 1962 g. – Minsk: Nauka i tehnika, 1964. – S. 368-377.
2. Vernadskij G.V. Tavel'skij arhiv V. S. Popova //ITUAK. – 1918. – # 56. – S. 104-110.
3. Gosudarstvennyj Arhiv Avtonomnoj Respubliki Krym. F. 818. Tavricheskaja oblastnaja palata grazhdanskogo suda. 1787-1796 gg. Op. 1. D. 1. Zhurnaly sudebnyh zasedanij za janvar'-dekabr' 1787 g. – 365 l.
4. Druzhinina E.I. Severnoe Prichernomor'e v 1775-1800 gg. – M.: Izd-vo Akad. nauk SSSR, 1959. – 279 s.
5. Krym ot drevnosti do nashih dnej / Pod red. Je.B. Petrovoj. – Simferopol': ID «ChernomorPress»;Feodosija: I. D. Koktebel', 2010. – 655 s.
6. Kuz'mina L.L. Process formirovanija kategorii krepostnogo krest'janstva v Krymu i ego polozhenie v konce XVIII – pervoj polovine XIX vekov // Gumanitarnaja paradigma. – 2018. – # 4 (7). – S. 99-107.
7. Markevich A.I. Osvobozhdenie krest'jan v Tavricheskoj gubernii // ITUAK. – Simferopol', 1912. – # 47. – S. 1-65.
8. O merah prekrashhenija brodjazhnichestva v Novorossijskom krae i Bessarabii: Imennoj ukaz, dannyj Senatu 18 avgusta 1828 g. # 2237 // Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossijskoj imperii. Sobranie pervoe. – T.III. – 1828. – SPb., 1830. – S 783-784.
9. Sekirinskij S.A. Agrarnye otnoshenijav Krymu v period pozdnego feodalizma (16 – nach. 19 vv.). –Simferopol': Izdatel'stvo Simferopol'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 1984. – 226 s.
10. Sekirinskij S.A. Vidy povinnostej krepostnyh krest'jan v Tavricheskoj gubernii nakanune 1861 g.// Ezhegodnik po istorii stran Vostochnoj Evropy. 1962 g. – Minsk: Nauka i tehnika, 1964. – S. 351-362.
11. Trojnickij A.G. O chisle krepostnyh ljudej v Rossii. – SPb.: Tip. Min. vnutr. del, 1858. – 38 s.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kuskashev D.V.
On the issue of organizing and holding elections to the city government of Krasnoyarsk at the beginning of the 20th century
The article examines the issues of organizing and holding elections to the city government of Krasnoyarsk at the beginning of the 20th century. The data of a comparative analysis of the dynamics of indicators of voter turnout, social class composition of urban voters and elected officials in the period under study are presented. Conclusions are formulated regarding the factors and reasons that influenced the development of the electoral process and the civil-political activity of the townspeople in the context of the implementation of the legal provisions of the corresponding counter-reform of Emperor Alexander III.
Keywords: absenteeism, vowels, mayor, voters, county, qualification.
Work bibliographic list
1. GAIO, f. 25, op. 27, d. 998.
2. GAKK, f. 595, op. 18, d. 390.
3. GAKK, f. 595, op. 18, d. 774.
4. GAKK, f. 595, op. 1, d. 5279.
5. GAKK, f. 595, op. 34, d. 532.
6. Gorodskoe samoupravlenie v Sibiri i obshhestva obyvatelej i izbiratelej // Sibirskie voprosy. 1910. # 14-15.
7. Enisejskie gubernskie vedomosti. 1893. # 48.
8. Enisejskie gubernskie vedomosti. 1906. # 6.
9. Enisejskie gubernskie vedomosti. 1906. # 75.
10. Kuskashev D.V. Osobennosti transformacii organizacionno-pravovoj osnovy gorodskogo samoupravlenija Enisejskoj gubernii v konce XIX veka // Sibirskij antropologicheskij zhurnal. 2020. T. 4. # 2. S. 237-245.
11. Nardova V.A. Samoderzhavie i gorodskie dumy v Rossii v konce XIX – nach. XX vv. SPb: «Nauka», 1994. 157 s.
12. Nemchinov V.I. Gorodskoe samoupravlenie po dejstvujushhemu russkomu zakonodatel'stvu. Gorodovoe polozhenie 11 ijunja 1892 g. S poslednimi dopolnenijami i izmenenijami po Prodolzhenijam 1906, 1908, 1909 i 1910 gg., s prilozhenijami k «Gorodovomu polozheniju», vazhnejshimi raz"jasnenijami Pravitel'stvujushhego Senata i izvlechenijami iz drugih uzakonenij, otnosjashhihsja k «Gorodovomu polozheniju». M.: Izd. V.M. Sablina, tipo-litogr. t-va I.N. Kushnerova, 1912. 396 s.
13. Kuskashev D.V. Lukinykh Yu.V. The issues of agrarian and economic policy transformation of the Yenisei province local self-government // IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science Issues Volume 548, 2020 III International Scientific Conference:AGRITECH-III-2020: Agribusiness, Environmental Engineering and Biotechnologies 18-20 June 2020, Krasnoyarsk, Russia Accepted papers received: 21 July 2020. S. 22041.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Stepanova A.A., Khafizov E.D.
Cultural and educational activities of Russian jurists and lawyers in the post-revolutionary abroad
In the post-revolutionary foreign countries, purposeful work on legal education, education and the formation of the legal culture of emigration was carried out for a rather long time. The centers of cultural and educational activities have become Russian people’s universities, created in large diasporas of emigration. Russian jurists and lawyers took an active part in the opening and functioning of cultural and educational institutions. The potential of representatives of domestic legal science and jurisprudence made it possible to create a kind of social and legal space, in which various types of activities on legal education and upbringing of emigrant youth were quite successfully carried out.
Keywords: emigration, post-revolutionary abroad, educational and educational activities, people’s university, legal education, enlightenment and the formation of legal culture.
Work bibliographic list
1. Russkij narodnyj universitet v Parizhe //Poslednie novosti: ezhednevnaja gazeta / Pod red. M.L. Gol'dshtejna (s 1920), P.N. Miljukova (s 1921).- Parizh, 1921. 2 fevralja. - # 241. - S. 2.
2. Russkij Narodnyj Universitet // Vozrozhdenie: ezhednevnaja (1925-1935) i ezhenedel'naja (1936-1940) gazeta. Organ russkoj nacional'noj mysli / Osnov., gl. red. P.B. Struve. - Parizh, 1933. - 8 aprelja. # 2867. - S. 5.
3. Ochepk dejatel'nosti Russkoj akademicheskoj gruppy v Velikobritanii (s nojabrja 1920 po 18 maja 1921 gg.)// Trudy russkih uchenyh za granicej. Berlin, 1923.T. 1–2; S"ezdy russkih akademicheskih organizacij za granicej. - S. 24. – 126-127; Kul'turno-prosvetitel'skaja dejatel'nost' v Londone // Rul' (Berlin). - 1922. - 14 aprelja. # 430. - S.3.
4. Russkij narodnyj universitet v Prage (otchet o dejatel'nosti za 1926-27 gg.). - Praga, 1927. - S. 4.
5. Izgoev A.S. Russkaja literaturnaja Praga // Rul' (Berlin). - 1927. - 23 marta. # 1919. - S. 2.
6. Praga. V Russkom narodnom universitete // Rul' (Berlin). - 1926. -13 maja. # 654. - S. 6.
7. Russkij narodnyj universitet v Prage 1929-1930. Raspisanie lekcij i dokladov. - Praga, 1929.
8. Chizhevskij D.I. Filosofskoe obshhestvo v Prage //Put': organ russkoj religioznoj mysli / Red. N.A. Berdjaev. - Parizh, 1927. - # 8. - S. 139-140.
9. Pjatnadcat' let raboty Russkogo Svobodnogo universiteta v Prage. - Praga: [b. i.], 1938. - S. 25.
10. Praga. V Russkom narodnom universitete // Rul'(Berlin). - 1926. - 12 fevralja. # 1580. - S. 6.
11. Russkij Narodnyj Universitet v Jestonii //Vestnik pedagogicheskogo bjuro. - Praga: A. Bem, 1928.- # 13. - S. 155-156.
12. Russkaja hronika. Russkij narodnyj universitet// Novaja russkaja zhizn': ezhednevnaja gazeta:organ russkoj osvoboditel'noj nacional'no-gosudarstvennoj mysli / red.-izd. Ju.A. Grigorkov.- Gel'singfors, 1922. 27 janvarja. - # 22. - S. 2.
13. Narodnyj universitet v Harbine // Novosti zhizni: ezhednevnaja politicheskaja, obshhestvennaja, literaturnaja, torgovo-promyshlennaja gazeta / red. Z.M. Kliorin, S.R. Chernjavskij. - Harbin, 1924. – 6 fevralja. # 27. - S. 4.
14. Petrov E.V., Pivovarov E.G. Russkij narodnyj universitet v Chikago // Obshhestvo i vlast':materialy Vserossijskoj nauchnoj konferencii, ijun' 2005 g. - M.: IPPK–RGI SPbGU, 2008.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Filippov O.A., Yasybaeva M.I., Kazamirov A.I.
Outer space – a new arena of the arms Race
The article is devoted to the analysis of the modern US space policy aimed at ensuring dominance in the space sphere. It reveals the legal aspect of the activities of States in the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes. The problem of militarization and the «arms race» in outer space is touched upon.
Keywords: space, outer space, «arms race», militarization, space hegemony.
Work bibliographic list
1. Burjak V.V. Osvoenie kosmosa i mezhdunarodnaja bezopasnost' // Uchenye zapiski Tavricheskogo nacional'nogo universiteta im. V.I. Vernadskogo. 2011.# 1. S. 170-174.
2. Kulikpaeva M.Zh. Nekotorye aspekty pravovogo rezhima kosmicheskogo prostranstva // Vestnik instituta zakonodatel'stva i pravovoj informacii Respubliki Kazahstan. 2018. #4 (53). S. 123-128.
3. Rezoljucija General'noj Assamblei OON A/RES/75/37 ot 7 dekabrja 2020 goda «Nerazmeshhenie pervymi oruzhija v kosmose». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://undocs.org/ru/A/RES/75/37.
4. Rezoljucija General'noj Assamblei OON A/RES/75/69 ot 7 dekabrja 2020 goda «Mery po obespecheniju transparentnosti i ukrepleniju doverija v kosmicheskoj dejatel'nosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://undocs.org/ru/A/RES/75/69.
5. Rukosuev A.O., Safronov V.V. K voprosu o razmeshhenii oruzhija v kosmicheskom prostranstve // Aktual'nye problemy aviacii i kosmonavtiki. 2010. # 6 (2). S. 341-342.
6. Fenenko A.V. Teorija i praktika mezhdunarodnoj kosmicheskoj bezopasnosti // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 25: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija i mirovaja politika. 2010. # 2. S. 94-116.
7. Jakovenko A. Pochemu opasno razmeshhat' oruzhie v kosmose // Rossijskaja gazeta. 25 maja 2005. # 3778.
8. Defense Space Strategy Summary // The United States Department of Defense. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://media.defense.gov/2020/Jun/17/2002317391/-1/-1/1/2020_DEFENSE_SPACE_STRATEGY_SUMMARY.PDF.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Yakovets E.N., Zhuravlenko N.I., Ozhiganova M.I.
Legal status of foreign citizens and representatives of the non-Russian population of the Russian state during the period of the peter the great reforms. Part II
The article examines the origins of the xenophobia of the Great Russians and the Russophobia of representatives of other nationalities in Russia, the influence of these phenomena on inciting information wars, the merits of Peter the Great in neutralizing interethnic contradictions.
Keywords: xenophobia, Russophobia, Russification national policy, preservation of national identity, religious tolerance.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vsemirnaja istorija. V 10 t. - M: Izd-vo social'no-jekonomicheskoj literatury, 1958.
2. Gumilev L.N. Ot Rusi do Rossii: nauch.-populjarnoe izdanie. - M.: Izd-vo «AST», 2006.
3. Evrejskaja istorija. Ocherk pjatnadcatyj. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.chassidus.ru/library/history/kandel/15.htm (data obrashhenija:23.07.2021).
4. Islaev F.G. Bor'ba musul'man protiv politiki hristianizacii v Rossijskoj imperii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.islam.ru/pressclub/histori/strugle/ (data obrashhenija: 23.07.2021).
5. Islaev F.G. Stanovlenie veroterpimosti v Rossii:istoricheskij kontekst. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://kds.eparhia.ru/bibliot/konferencia/cerkovnaiaistoria/islaev (data obrashhenija: 23.07.2021).
6. Kuprijanova O.I. Pravovoe polozhenie inostrancev v Rossii v XVI–XVIII vv.: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - M.: MGU im. M. V. Lomonosova, 2010.
7. Polnoe sobranie zakonov Rossijskoj imperii. Sobranie Pervoe. V 45 t. T. 5. - SPb., 1830.
8. Polnoe sobranie postanovlenij i rasporjazhenij po vedomstvu pravoslavnogo ispovedanija Rossijskoj imperii. Ser. I. V 10 t. T. 1. - SPb., 1879.
9. Solov'ev S.M. Chtenija i rasskazy po istorii Rossii. -M.: Izd-vo «Pravda», 1989.
10. Spodvizhniki Petra I: material iz Vikipedii – svobodnoj jenciklopedii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ru.wikipedia.org (data obrashhenija:23.07.2021).
11. Fedoseev Ju.G. Romanovy. Vek pervyj. - M.: Izd-vo «V.A. Streleckij», 2008.
12. Chuvashskaja Respublika: oficial'nyj portal organov vlasti // Prosveshhenie u chuvashej. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.gov.cap.ru/hierarhy_cap.asp?page=./86/3743/1046/1065 (data obrashhenija: 23.07.2021).
13. Shishov A. Znamenitye inostrancy na sluzhbe Rossii.- M.: Centrpoligraf, 2001.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Avanesova A.A., Gondarenko A.S.
Actual problems of granting refugee status in the Russian Federation in connection with the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan
The article analyzes the current problems of granting refugee status in connection with the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in August 2021. Due to the fact that the procedure for granting refugee status in the Russian Federation is still aimed at combating illegal migration, the article focuses on the problems that potential refugees may face when contacting the migration authorities of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: refugees, forced migration, circumstances of exodus, application for refugee status, legal protection, international cooperation.
Work bibliographic list
1. FZ «O bezhencah» ot 19.02.1993 (v red. 01.07.2021) //SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
2. Andrejco S. Ju. Nekotorye aspekty predostavlenija statusa bezhenca v Rossii // Zakon. Pravo Gosudarstvo. – 2020. – # 3 (27). – S. 304-312.
3. Ivanov D. V. Bezhency v sovremennom mezhdunarodnom prave. – M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 2006.
4. 5 OCHA, Afghanistan: Conflict Induced Displacements,accessed 16 August 2021. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/operations/afghanistan/idps.
5. ABC News, Afghanistan’s Embassy Says Videos Show Afghan Civilians Being Tortured, Murdered by Taliban, 16 July 2021. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.abc.net.au/news/2021-07-16/taliban-militantsafghanistan-civilian-torture/100300730.
6. BBC, Afghanistan War: At Least 27 Children Killed in Three Days, UN Says, 10 August 2021. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.bbc.com/news/world-asia58142983.
7. HRW, Afghanistan: Threats of Taliban Atrocities in Kandahar, 23 July 2021. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.hrw.org/news/2021/07/23/afghanistanthreats-
taliban-atrocities-kandahar.
8. Human Rights Watch (HRW), Afghanistan: Advancing Taliban Execute Detainees, 3 August 2021. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.hrw.org/news/2021/08/03/afghanistan-advancing-taliban-execute-detainees.
9. Journal, Afghans Tell of Executions, Forced ‘Marriages’ in Taliban-Held Areas, 12 August 2021. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.wsj.com/articles/afghanstell-of-executions-forced-marriages-in-talibanheld-areas-11628780820.
10. UNHCR POSITION ON RETURNS TO AFGHANISTAN.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.refworld.org/docid/611a4c5c4.html.
11. UNHCR, UNHCR Warns Afghanistan’s Conflict Taking the Heaviest Toll on Displaced Women and Children, 13 August 2021. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.unhcr.org/news/briefing/2021/8/611617c55/unhcr-warns-afghanistans-conflict-taking-heaviest-tolldisplaced-women.html.
12. UNICEF, At Least 27 Children Killed and 136 Injured in Past 72 Hours as Violence Escalates in Afghanistan, 9 August 2021. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.unicef.org/press-releases/least-27-childrenkilled-and-136-injured-past-72-hours-violence-escalates.
13. USA Today, ‘No Possible Life’ Under Taliban Rule: Afghan Women Fear Murder, Oppression after US Withdrawal,
5 August 2021. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eu.usatoday.com/indepth/news/world/2021/08/05/afghanistan-withdrawal-talibantakeover-leaves-women-constant-risk/7426022002/.
14. Wall Street Journal, A Generation of Afghan Professionals Flees Ahead of Taliban Advance, 7 July 2021. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.wsj.com/articles/a-generation-of-afghan-youthafghanistanamerican-troops-pullout-taliban-biden-11625667435.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Bondarchuk I.V., Rudenko A.V.
Problems of development of legislation of the Republic of Crimea as a new subjects of the Russian Federation
The article evaluates local legislative practice; studies the factors which make it more effective;
determines the most topical and important directions for development of legislation of the Republic of Crimea included in line with the updated Constitution of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: legal monitoring, legislative policy, legislation of a subject of the Russian Federation, Republic of Crimea, Constitution 2020.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bondarchuk I. V., Rudenko A. V., Homenko A. S. Reformirovanie regional'nogo zakonodatel'stva ob obrashhenii s zhivotnymi v svete formirujushhejsja sudebnoj praktiki // Vestnik Moskovskogo gorodskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. Serija: Juridicheskie nauki. – 2021. – # 1 (41). – S. 62-70. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.dx.doi.org/10.25688/2076-9113.2021.41.1.07.
2. Normotvorcheskij process v Respublike Krym i Sevastopole (po materialam 2019 goda): uchebnoe posobie dlja magistrov / I. V. Bondarchuk, O. V. Butkevich, A. V. Rudenko [i dr.]; pod red. Ju. G. Arzamasova, S. A. Trofimova, I. V. Bondarchuka. – Simferopol':IT «ARIAL», 2020. – 332 s.
3. Jeffektivnost' zakonodatel'stva: voprosy teorii i praktika: monografija / Ju. A. Tihomirov, V. P. Emel'jancev, A. A. Ajurova i dr.; otv. red. Ju. A. Tihomirov, V. P. Emel'jancev. – M.: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii: INFRA-M, 2015.– 336 s. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:www.dx.doi.org/10.12737/12218.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Kuryachaya M.M.
Features of the formation and development of civil activity of the population of the federal territory “Sirius”
In the work, from the point of view of the formation and development of civil activity of the population of the federal territory “Sirius”, the forms of participation of citizens living within the borders of the federal territory “Sirius” in the exercise of public power provided for by the legislation are considered, the features of the formation of the local community of Sirius are analyzed, proposals are made for the development of the Charter of the federal territory “Sirius” in terms of improving the mechanisms of civil participation in the exercise of public power.
Keywords: citizens’ rights, public power, civic activity, direct democracy, representative democracy, federal territory.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avak'jan S.A. Gosudarstvo: vzgljad s pozicij konstitucionnogo prava // Trudy Instituta gosudarstva i prava Rossijskoj akademii nauk. – 2016. – # 2. – S. 52-61.
2. Kosharnaja G.B., Tolubaeva L.T. Grazhdanskoe obshhestvo kak faktor realizacii konsolidacionnyh processov rossijskogo obshhestva // Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Povolzhskij region. Obshhestvennye nauki. – 2015. – # 2 (34). – S. 154-162.
3. Kurjachaja M. M. Grazhdanskaja aktivnost' kak faktor formirovanija i razvitija grazhdanskogo obshhestva v sovremennoj Rossii // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2021. –# 5. – S. 108-117. – DOI 10.31857/S102694520013653-9.
4. Kurjachaja M.M. Neformal'nye praktiki grazhdanskogo uchastija v osushhestvlenii publichnoj vlastijeffekty setevizacii i problemy pravovoj institucionalizacii (chast' I) // Pravo i gosudarstvo:teorija i praktika. – 2021. – # 3 (195). – S. 116-120.
– DOI 10.47643/1815-1337_2021_3_116.
5. Kurjachaja M. M. Teorija i praktika grazhdanskoj aktivnosti: municipal'nyj uroven': Uchebnoe posobie. – Krasnodar: Kubanskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2019. – 172 s.
6. Lipchanskaja M.A. Uchastie grazhdan Rossijskoj Federacii v upravlenii delami gosudarstva: sovremennye vyzovy ili vozmozhnye perspektivy // Leningradskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2012. – # 3 (29). – S. 36-46.
7. Rudenko V. N. Formy aleatornoj demokratii: genezis i razvitie // Nauchnyj ezhegodnik Instituta filosofii i prava Ural'skogo otdelenija Rossijskoj akademii nauk. – 2018. – T. 18. – # 4. – S. 97-125.– DOI 10.17506/ryipl.2016.18.4.97125.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Mokrushin V.I.
Crimean practice of implementing the constitutional right to information when refusing to initiate criminal proceedings
The article analyzes the problem of violation of the constitutional rights of a person against whom a decision was made to refuse to initiate a criminal case: the norms of criminal procedure do not directly provide for the obligation of investigative bodies to notify the person against whom an audit was conducted on the issue of committing actions that have signs of a criminal offense, in connection with which the practice of refusing to provide such information by law enforcement agencies has developed in Crimea. Moreover, the Crimean judicial system also adheres to this point of view, despite the different position of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: protection of personal dignity, right to a good name, violation of constitutional rights of citizens, refusal to provide information on verification, refusal to provide a decision on refusal to institute criminal proceedings.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399 (data obrashhenija:30.03.2020).
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 27.12.2019).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34481 (data obrashhenija: 30.03.2020).
3. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 04.04.2013 # 661-O. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_146937 (data obrashhenija: 26.03.2020).
4. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 05.06.2014 # 1309-O. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_154532 (data obrashhenija: 30.03.2020)
5. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 18 fevralja 2000 goda # 3-P. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_26325 (data obrashhenija: 30.03.2020).
6. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 6 ijulja 2000 goda # 191-O. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28471 (data obrashhenija: 30.03.2020).
7. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 27.02.2018 # 269-O. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=ARB&n=533594#00948880998709365 (data obrashhenija: 30.03.2020).
8. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 18.02.2000 g. # 3-P. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_26325 (data obrashhenija: 30.03.2020).
9. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 10.02.2009 # 1 (red. ot 29.11.2016) «O praktike rassmotrenija sudami zhalob v porjadke stat'i 125 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_84964/.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Nider S.A.
Some aspects of the constitutional housing guarantees of citizens of the Russian Federation related to the abolition of executive (property) immunity in respect of the debtor’s only housing
In the article, the author examines the legal issues of the” evolution “ of executive immunity in relation to the debtor’s only home in the Russian Federation. Analyzing the legislation, as well as the law enforcement practice of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation (hereinafter - the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation), the author reasonably expresses the opinion that the exclusion of property immunity in respect of the debtor’s only home of a reasonable area, taking into account his family members, analyzes the possible negative consequences associated with this, and also sets out his vision of these issues.
Keywords: executive (property) immunity, housing, residential premise, creditor, debtor.
Work bibliographic list
1. Brik K.I., Vilkus O.I., Gromyko P.V., Miheeva A.A., Malysheva D.I., Tereshhenko N.V. Ogranichenija ispolnitel'skogo immuniteta edinstvennogo zhil'ja pri bankrotstve // Tendencii razvitija nauki i obrazovanija. – 2020. - # 6. – S. 18-21.
2. Burdinskij I.G. Ispolnitel'skij immunitet grazhdanina-dolzhnika // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2013. – # 2. – S. 194-196.
3. Kolbina V.A., Nevzgodina E.L. Obrashhenie vzyskanija na edinstvennoe zhil'jo grazhdanina pri bankrotstve // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija: pravo. – 2020. – # 1. – S. 69-81.
4. Nahova E.A., Volkov D.V. Problemy imushhestvennyh (ispolnitel'skih) immunitetov v otnoshenii prinadlezhashhego grazhdaninu-dolzhniku na prave sobstvennosti zhilogo pomeshhenija i zemel'nogo uchastka // Leningradskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020.– # 2. – S. 162-175.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Rublev A.G.
Religion and origins of Indian constitutional law
The article examines the features of the basic laws of legal regulation of social relations, laid down in ancient India and up to the present. Among the foundations of Hindu constitutional law, the author singles out the Vedic religion from the Iron Age in India, since Hinduism is often referred to as the “oldest religion”, the “oldest of the main existing traditions.” The author comes to the conclusion that Hindu constitutional law is formed by different traditions, consists of different types and does not have a founder.
Keywords: mana, hinduism, constitution, treaty, Hindu, caste, rule.
Work bibliographic list
1. Birjukov P.N. Sravnitel'noe pravovedenie / P.N. Birjukov, D.V. Galushko. Ucheb. M.: Prospekt, 2020 //Spravochno-pravovaja sistema «GARANT».
2. Dehanov S.A. Advokatura Drevnego Vostoka, Grecii i Rima (sravnitel'nyj analiz) // Advokat. – 2005. –# 8 // Spravochno-pravovaja sistema «GARANT».
3. Lafitskij V.I. Sravnitel'noe pravovedenie: nacional'nye pravovye sistemy. T. 3. Pravovye sistemy Azii. Ucheb.: V 3 t. T. 3. – M.: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve RF; Juridicheskaja firma «Kontrakt», 2013// Spravochno-pravovaja sistema «GARANT».
4. Francavilla D. Las reformas del derecho de familia en India: el matrimonio de niños entre derecho hindú tradicional e intervención estatal // Revista de Derecho Privad. – 2012. – # 23. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.redalyc. org/pdf/4175/417537441002.pdf (data obrashhenija: 18.10.2020).
5. Lehman-Frisch S. La ségrégation: une injustice spatiale? Questions de recherché / Sonia Lehman-Frisch. – Tekst: jelektronnyj // Dans Annales de géographie. – 2009.– # 665-666(1). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.cairn.info/revue-annales-degeographie-2009-1-page-94.htm (data obrashhenija:18.10.2020).
6. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://loksabhaph.nic.in/Members/result16.aspx?dbsl=5267.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Rakitskaya I.A.
Features of the constitutional and legislative institutionalization of political parties in Sweden
The article is devoted to the constitutional and legislative regulation of the status and activities of political parties in Sweden. The author, analyzing the current legal acts in Sweden, examines the approaches of the Swedish legislator to the definition of political parties, their legal status, internal party organisation. Particular attention is paid to the coverage of problems related to the regulation in Swedish law the financing of political parties. In this regard, the sources of funding, their size, and financial reporting requirements are subjects to analysis.
Keywords: political parties in Sweden, the Swedish party system, legal regulation of the activities of political parties in Sweden, legislative institutionalization of political parties in Sweden, financing of political parties in Sweden.
Work bibliographic list
1. Isaev M.A., Chekanskij A.N., Shishkin V.N. Politicheskaja sistema stran Skandinavii i Finljandii. M.: «Rossijskaja politicheskaja jenciklopedija»(ROSSPJeN), Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj institut mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij (universitet) MID RF, 2000.
2. Pravitel'stvo v zarubezhnyh stranah: kol. monografija / pod red. K.V. Karpenko; Mosk. gos. in-t mezhdunar. otnoshenij (un-t) M-va inostr. del Ros. Federacii, kaf. Konstitucionnogo prava. M.: MGIMO-Universitet, 2016. S. 293-294.
3. Grigor'ev M.S., Sadovnikova T.D. Rossijskij i mezhdunarodnyj opyt primenenija zakonodatel'stva o finansovoj prozrachnosti dejatel'nosti politicheskih partij. Analiticheskij doklad, podgotovlennyj po zakazu RCOIT pri CIK Rossii. - [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.rcoit.ru/news/18121/ (data obrashhenija:
08.09.2021).
4. Andrén N. Sweden: State Support for the Political Parties // Scandinavian Political Studies. Vol. 3. Issue A3. P. 221-222.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Khazieva R.R.
Interaction of local self-government bodies with the population
The article deals with the issue of interaction of local self-government bodies with the population. It is noted that democracy in the Russian Federation is a qualitative characteristic of a modern democratic rule of law state. Of course, the Russian state is interested in a developed institution of local self-government, which acts as a link between the population and the state, in this regard, the article identifies a new form of interaction of local self-government bodies with the population, namely social networks.
Keywords: local self-government bodies, deputy of a representative body of local self-government, democracy, interaction, social networks.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 goda: (s izmenenijami odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). – Tekst: jelektronnyj //Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii: [sajt]. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija:07.06.2021).
2. Federal'nyj zakon # 131-FZ «Ob obshhih principah organizacii mestnogo samoupravlenija v Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 06.10.2003. # 40. St. 3822.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 02.05.2006 # 59-FZ (red. Ot 27.12.2018) «O porjadke rassmotrenija obrashhenij grazhdan Rossijskoj Federacii» // «Rossijskaja gazeta». # 95. 05.05.2006.
4. Avak'jan S.A. Konstitucionno-pravovye problemy centralizma, demokratii i decentralizacii v sovremennom gosudarstve // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. 2005. # 8. S. 2-7.
5. Gutorova A.N. Imperativnyj ili svobodnyj: konstitucionno-pravovoj analiz prirody deputatskogo mandata // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. 2020. # 6. S. 42-45.
6. Zinov'ev A.V. Status narodnogo deputata v SSSR:problemy teorii i praktiki: avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. L., 1987.
7. Kovler A.I. Istoricheskie formy demokratii. M, 1990.
8. Mal'ceva I.V., Uhanova A.P.Problemy osushhestvlenija narodovlastija cherez mestnye referendumy i mestnye vybory (na primere Respubliki Karelija)// Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. 2019. # 2.
9. Novikova S.S. Zakonodatel'stvo socialisticheskih stran ob otzyve deputata // Sov. gosudarstvo i pravo. 1971. # 6. S. 7.
10. Rosljakova M.V. Social'nye seti v professional'noj dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih: rossijskaja praktika i zarubezhnyj opyt // Sociodinamika. 2019. # 9. S. 82-99.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Khoroshev I.A.
Jurisdictional form of protection of the rights of citizens in the field of social security
The article explores and analyzes the problems of social security in the field of legal protection. The form of protection of citizens’ rights in the field of social security acts as an important institution of Russian law. One of the directions of the social state proclaimed in the Constitution of the Russian Federation is the provision of social rights of citizens of the Russian Federation. The possibility of their protection is an important guarantee of the exercise of social rights.
Keywords: forms of social protection, protection of citizens’ rights, social security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 01.07.2020. – # 31. – St. 4398.
2. Grazhdanskij processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14.11.2002 # 138-FZ (red. ot 03.08.2018 # 340-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2002. – # 46. – St. 4532.
3. Trudovoj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot tol'ko 30.12.2001 # 197-FZ (red. ot vozdejstvujut 11.10.2018 # 360-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj celom Federacii. – 2002. – # 1 (ch. 1). – St. 3.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 15.12.2001 # 167-FZ «Ob objazatel'nom pensionnom strahovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii» (red. ot 28.11.2018 # 441-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. –2001. – # 51. – St. 4832.
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 22.08.2004 # 122-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii i priznanii utrativshimi silu nekotoryh zakonodatel'nyh aktov Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s prinjatiem federal'nyh zakonov «O vnesenii izmenenij i dopolnenij v Federal'nyj zakon «Ob obshhih principah organizacii zakonodatel'nyh (predstavitel'nyh) i ispolnitel'nyh organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii» i «Ob obshhih principah organizacii mestnogo samoupravlenija v Rossijskoj Federacii»» //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii.– 2004. – # 35. – St. 3607.
6. Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.11.2011 # 306-FZ «O denezhnom dovol'stvii voennosluzhashhih i predostavlenii im otdel'nyh vyplat» (red. ot vneshnej 29.12.2017 # 473-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2011. – # 45. – St. 6336.
7. Federal'nyj zakon ot 28.12.2013 # 400-FZ «O strahovyh pensijah» (red. ot 12.11.2018 #409-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. –2013. – # 52 (chast' I). – St. 6965.
8. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15.01.2009 # 187-O-O // Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
9. Andrichenko L.V. Problemy sudebnoj zashhity social'nyh prav grazhdan Rossijskoj Federacii //Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2016. – # 9. – S. 5-17.
10. Garaev I.G. K voprosu o formah i sposobah zashhity prav i zakonnyh interesov sub"ektov finansovyh pravootnoshenij // Finansovoe pravo. – 2011. – #9. – S. 2-5.
11. Efremov A.V. O pravovyh pozicijah konstitucionnogo pravosudija v mehanizme zashhity social'nyh prav grazhdan, uvolennyh s voennoj sluzhby // Pravo v Vooruzhennyh Silah. – 2014. – # 9. – S. 20-25.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Gryaznova E.A.
Ensuring the right to defense in criminal proceedings
The article considers the content and main elements of the right to protection in the Russian criminal procedure legislation. The problems of ensuring the implementation of the right to protection are noted. The content of legal assistance as the main form of realization of the right to defense is considered, the powers of the defender are determined. Recommendations are proposed for improving the implementation of the right to protection through the professional activity of the rights of defenders in pre-trial proceedings.
Keywords: right to defense, accused, criminal proceedings, defender, suspect, legal assistance.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 24.12.2001. - # 52(ch. I). - St. 4921.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 17.04.2017 # 73-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - # 17. -24.04.2017. - St. 2455.
3. Asaliev M.F. Nekotorye problemy realizacii prava na zashhitu obvinjaemogo v ugolovnom processe Rossii // Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba i kadry.- 2021. - # 1. - S. 184-185.
4. Nerjahin A.I. Pravo na zashhitu v uproshhennyh procedurah dosudebnogo proizvodstva po ugolovnomu delu: mezhdunarodnyj i zarubezhnyj aspekty // Sovremennoe pravo. - 2021. - # 3. - S. 112-115.
5. Reshnjak M. G. O nekotoryh problemnyh voprosah zashhity prav poterpevshego v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Viktimologija. - 2021. - T. 8. - # 2. - S. 121-124.
6. Rytikov T. A. O ponjatijno-kategorial'nom apparate v sfere zashhity prav lichnosti pri proizvodstve po ugolovnym delam // Juridicheskaja nauka i praktika. - 2021. - T. 17. - # 2. - S. 85-94.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Butc S.B., Pononomarev A.V., Evsikova E.V.
Some aspects of reforming administrative-tort legislation in the sphere of establishing administrative responsibility for violation of the prohibition of smoking tobacco
The article analyzes and reveals the features of federal legislation in the field of establishing a ban on tobacco smoking, the consumption of nicotine-containing products or the use of hookahs, as well as the features of administrative responsibility for committing offenses in this area. The authors analyze the administrative-tort legislation of foreign countries in the sphere of bringing to responsibility for violation of the prohibition of smoking and tobacco consumption.
Keywords: administrative responsibility, administrative and tort legislation, prohibition of smoking tobacco, consumption of nicotine-containing products, hookahs.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah» ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ(red. ot 01.07.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 22.08.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34661/.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 23 fevralja 2013 g. # 15-FZ «Ob ohrane zdorov'ja grazhdan ot vozdejstvija okruzhajushhego tabachnogo dyma i posledstvij potreblenija tabaka» (poslednjaja redakcija). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_142515/.
3. Kodeks Respubliki Kazahstan ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 5 ijulja 2014 goda # 235-V (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojanina 01.07.2021 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31577399#pos=526;-43.
4. Kodeks Ukrainy ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 7 dekabrja 1984 goda # 8073-X (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 27.07.2021 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=30418317#pos=2557;-44.
5. Kodeks Respubliki Belarus' ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 6 janvarja 2021 goda # 91-Z. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=38043824#pos=2623.
6. Buc S.B., Evsikova E.V., Ponomarev A.V. K voprosu o reformirovanii administrativno-deliktnogo zakonodatel'stva i zakonodatel'nom opredelenii ponjatija «administrativnaja otvetstvennost'» //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 5
(144). – S. 154-156.
7. Evsikova E. V., Ponomarev A. V. K voprosu o traktovanii ponjatija i principah administrativnoj otvetstvennosti v kontekste reformirovanija administrativno-deliktnogo zakonodatel'stva //Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V.I. Vernadskogo. Juridicheskie nauki. – 2021. – T. 7. – # 2. – S. 226-236.
8. Rudenko A. V. Sobljudenie principov sorazmernosti nakazanija i individualizacii nakazanija pri privlechenii k administrativnoj otvetstvennosti // Akademicheskij vestnik Rostovskogo filiala Rossijskoj tamozhennoj akademii. –2016. – # 4 (25). – S. 77-81.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Volkov V.Yu.
Current problems of improving administrative regulation in the antimonopoly sphere in the context of digitalization
In this publication, the author analyzes the grounds that served as the basis for the development of the fifth antimonopoly package in order to improve the administrative regulation of the antimonopoly sphere in the conditions of active digitalization of the economy of the Russian Federation. The main directions proposed by the FAS as legislative initiatives to regulate the antimonopoly sphere are identified, as well as promising areas in which the FAS will continue to work to eliminate problems related to the impact of the development of new digital technologies on the activities of economic entities.
Keywords: digitalization, antimonopoly regulation, the fifth antimonopoly package, economic entity, network effect, digital algorithms, digital cartels, intellectual property.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 24.03.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 07.01.2002, # 1 (ch. 1), st. 1.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 09.05.2017 g. # 203 «O Strategii razvitija informacionnogo obshhestva v RF na 2017-2030 gody» // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
3. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 21.12.2017 # 618 «Ob osnovnyh napravlenijah gosudarstvennoj politiki po razvitiju konkurencii» (vmeste s «Nacional'nym planom razvitija konkurencii v Rossijskoj Federacii na 2018-2020 gody») // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 26.07.2006 # 135-FZ (red. Ot 17.02.2021) «O zashhite konkurencii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 31.07.2006, # 31 (1 ch.), st. 3434.
5. Proekt Federal'nogo zakona «O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon «O zashhite konkurencii» i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://fas.gov.ru/documents/604585 (data obrashhenija: 01.04.2021).
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Gutaev A.M.
Practical features of the production procedure for the examination of vehicle drivers
The article is devoted to the consideration of the issues of practical implementation of measures to identify administrative offenses related to driving in a state of intoxication. The aspects of the recognition of the results of the examination as inadmissible evidence and the grounds for termination of proceedings in cases of administrative offenses of this category are studied. The article highlights the problems associated with the fact that there are not always sufficient grounds and signs for the examination procedure for the state of intoxication.
Keywords: vehicle, examination, state of intoxication.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.02.2011 g. # 3-FZ (red. Ot 05.12.2017 g.) «O policii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru.
2. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 24.10.2006 g. # 18 (red. ot 09.02.2012 g.) «O nekotoryh voprosah, voznikajushhih u sudov pri primenenii Osobennoj chasti Kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah». // Konsul'tant Pljus: komp. sprav. pravovaja sistema. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru.
3. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 19.12.2017 g. # 3062-O «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanki Pimenovoj Julii Vladimirovny na narushenie ee konstitucionnyh prav ch. 1 st. 12.26 Kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah, a takzhe p. 3 i 4 Pravil osvidetel'stvovanija lica, kotoroe upravljaet transportnym sredstvom, na sostojanie alkogol'nogo op'janenija i oformlenija ego rezul'tatov, napravlenija ukazannogo lica na medicinskoe osvidetel'stvovanie na sostojanie op'janenija, medicinskogo osvidetel'stvovanija jetogo lica na sostojanie op'janenija i oformlenija ego rezul'tatov». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Evsikova E.V.
Administrative and legal framework for countering doping offenses in sport and ways to improve them
The article analyzes and reveals the features of the administrative and legal framework for countering administrative offenses in the field of use or distribution by athletes, coaches, sports medicine specialists or other specialists of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method. Based on the analysis carried out, the author makes his proposals for improving the administrative-tort legislation in this area in terms of improving the counteraction to these offenses.
Keywords: administrative responsibility, administrative and tort legislation, administrative offense, sport, prohibited substance, prohibited method.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah» ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 11.06.2021). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34661/.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v stat'i 3.5 i 6.18 Kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah» ot 01.05.2019 #96-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_323786/.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 04.12.2007 # 329-FZ (red. Ot 02.07.2021) «O fizicheskoj kul'ture i sporte v Rossijskoj Federacii». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_73038.
4. Administrativnoe pravo: Sovremennyj terminologicheskij slovar'. – Simferopol': Obshhestvo s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju «Izdatel'stvo Tipografija «Arial», 2020. – 400 s.
5. Buc S.B., Evsikova E.V., Ponomarev A.V. K voprosu o reformirovanii administrativno-deliktnogo zakonodatel'stva i zakonodatel'nom opredelenii ponjatija «administrativnaja otvetstvennost'» // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 5 (144).– S. 154-156.
6. Evsikova E.V. K voprosu o traktovanii ponjatija i principah administrativnoj otvetstvennosti v kontekste reformirovanija administrativno-deliktnogo zakonodatel'stva // Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V.I. Vernadskogo. Juridicheskie nauki. – 2021. – T. 7. – # 2. – S. 226-236. –DOI 10.37279/2413-1733-2021-7-2-226-236.
7. Kuharuk V.V. Problemy preduprezhdenija rasprostranenija dopinga normami ugolovnogo i administrativnogo zakonodatel'stva // Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj juridicheskoj akademii. – #1 (126). – 2019. – S. 169-178.
8. «Nacional'nyj plan bor'by s dopingom v rossijskom sporte» (prinjat Nezavisimoj obshhestvennoj antidopingovoj komissiej 01.02.2017). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/.
9. Olimpijskaja hartija. Mezhdunarodnyj olimpijskij komitet. (v dejstvii s 26 ijunja 2019 g.). Opublikovano Mezhdunarodnym olimpijskim komitetom– sentjabr' 2019. Vse prava zashhishheny. Napechatano DidWeDo S.a.r.l., Lozanna, Shvejcarija. Napechatano v Shvejcarii. – 2019. – 55 s.
10. Poslanie Prezidenta RF Federal'nomu Sobraniju ot 01.12.2016 «Poslanie Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii Federal'nomu Sobraniju». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_207978/.
11. Rudenko A.V. Sobljudenie principov sorazmernosti nakazanija i individualizacii nakazanija pri privlechenii k administrativnoj otvetstvennosti// Akademicheskij vestnik Rostovskogo filiala Rossijskoj tamozhennoj akademii. – 2016. – # 4 (25).– S. 77-81.
12. Svodnye statisticheskie svedenija o dejatel'nosti federal'nyh sudov obshhej jurisdikcii i mirovyh sudej za 2019 god. # 1-AP «Otchet o rabote sudov obshhej jurisdikcii po rassmotreniju del ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah». Dannye sudebnoj statistiki. Sudebnyj Departament pri Verhovnom Sude RF. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79&item=5258 (data obrashhenija: 22.08.2021).
13. Svodnye statisticheskie svedenija o dejatel'nosti federal'nyh sudov obshhej jurisdikcii i mirovyh sudej za 2020 god. # 1-AP «Otchet o rabote sudov obshhej jurisdikcii po rassmotreniju del ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah». Dannye sudebnoj statistiki. Sudebnyj Departament pri Verhovnom Sude RF. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79&item=5671.(data obrashhenija: 22.08.2021).
14. Travlja rossijan v Tokio: Gnetushhee poslevkusie Olimpiady. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fishki.net/anti/3888679.html.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Zaripov R. R., Karpov E. S.
On the issue of prohibitions and restrictions on employees of the penal system
The article discusses the legislative regulation of restrictions and prohibitions established in relation to employees of the penal system. In particular, the author draws attention to the prohibition of entrepreneurial activity, citing analogies of the legislation of foreign states. At the same time, the author draws attention to the fact that a complete ban on employment of
an employee of the penal system in other paid work, with the exception of pedagogical, scientific and creative work, is not entirely advisable. Based on the international experience of regulating this area of activity, the author proposed to amend the federal legislation.
Keywords: bans, restrictions, service, penal system, employee, anti-corruption.
Work bibliographic list
1. Apon M.E. Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba v zarubezhnyh stranah: ucheb. posobie. – SPb: NOIR, 2016.
2. Zverev A.V., Shmegel'skaja Ju.A. Administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie zapretov i ogranichenij v otnoshenii sotrudnikov pravoohranitel'nyh organov Rossijskoj Federacii i zarubezhnyh stran // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo, g. Rjazan', 2016. – S. 45-48
3. Kaljashin A.V. Administrativno-pravovyj status sotrudnika ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.14. – M., 2008.
4. Kogol' T.N., Ancibalova O.V. Obespechenie trebovanij antikorrupcionnogo zakonodatel'stva v ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sisteme. Organizacionno-pravovoj aspekt. – Tomsk: FKU DPO Tomskij IPKR FSIN Rossii, 2018.
5. Kozlov V.V. Ogranichenija, zaprety i objazannosti, v svjazi s prohozhdeniem voennoj sluzhby, ustanovlennoj federal'nym zakonodatel'stvom o protivodejstvii korrupcii i o gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhbe Rossijskoj Federacii// Pravo v vooruzhennyh silah – voenno-pravovoe obozrenie, g. Moskva, 2011. – S. 36-39.
6. Kulakova Ju.M. Administrativno-pravovoe regulirovanie ogranichenij pravo gosudarstvennyh grazhdanskih sluzhashhih Rossijskoj Federacii:dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.14. – M., 2008.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Karimova G. Yu.
The content of the activities of the subjects of prevention for the prevention of juvenile delinquency
The article considers the main measures carried out by the subjects of prevention to prevent offenses and crimes of minors.
The content of the main programs for the creation and implementation of social projects aimed at correcting the illegal behavior of adolescents is revealed. It is proposed to consider the possibility of improving the skills of employees and employees of state bodies and public organizations that have the authority to ensure law and order among adolescents.
Keywords: minors, internal affairs bodies, subjects of prevention, offense, preventive measures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dejatel'nost' Fonda podderzhki detej, nahodjashhihsja v trudnoj zhiznennoj situacii // Sajt Fonda podderzhki detej, nahodjashhihsja v trudnoj zhiznennoj situacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.fond-detyam.ru/activity/.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Ponomarev A. V., Rusanova S. Y.
On the question of administrative and legal measures of prevention and precaution, applied in the field of customs business
The article considers the measures of administrative prevention and suppression that are applied in the field of customs affairs. It is determined that the legal nature of administrative and enforcement measures in relation to the aspect of the customs sphere has a dual character. It is established that within the framework of administrative and legal enforcement measures in the customs sphere, special attention should be paid to the measures implemented by the customs authorities of the Russian Federation for the prevention of offenses.
Keywords: administrative offense, administrative prevention measures, customs affairs, customs legislation, customs control, customs regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah (poslednjaja redakcija) // Rossijskaja gazeta. # 256. 31.12.2001.
2. Tamozhennyj kodeks Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza (prilozhenie # 1 k Dogovoru o Tamozhennom kodekse Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza na urovne glav gosudarstv ot 11 aprelja 2017 goda)// Oficial'nyj sajt Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.eaeunion.org/, 25.05.2021.
3. Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo prava:uchebnoe posobie dlja bakalavrov i magistrov // pod. red. d.ju.n., prof. M.I. Nikulina. – Simferopol':IT «ARIAL», 2018. – 188 s.
4. Vasjuhno I.O. Vzaimosvjaz' administrativnogo presechenija s administrativnym prinuzhdeniem. Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo i administrativno-processual'nogo prava // Sbornik statej po materialam ezhegodnoj vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj 70-letiju doktora juridicheskih nauk Rossijskoj Federacii, zasluzhennogo jurista Rossijskoj Federacii Avrutina Jurija Efimovicha: v 3-h ch. 2017. S.222 - 231.Fedorenko K.P. Tamozhennyj menedzhment:uchebnik / K.P. Fedorenko, V.V. Vitjuk, O.V. Netaev. –M.; Berlin: Direkt-Media, 2017. – S. 122.
5. Homjakov L.L., Karpechenkov M.Ju., Sidorov E.I. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost' za pravonarushenija v oblasti tamozhennogo dela: uchebnoe posobie.– M.: Izd-vo RTA, 2016.
6. Profilaktika administrativnyh pravonarushenij – vazhnaja chast' pravoohranitel'-
noj dejatel'nosti tamozhennyh organov JuTU.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://v c h . r u / e v e n t / v i e w . h t m l ? a l i a s = p r o f i l a k t i k a _administrativnyh_pravonaruschenii__vaghnaya_chast_pravoohranitelnoi_deyatelnosti_tamoghennyh_organov_yutu (data obrashhenija: 25.05.2021).
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Tikhomaeva V. S.
Some features of involvement in administrative responsibility in the spheres of domestic violence
In this article, the author examines the main problematic aspects of bringing perpetrators to justice for committing acts of domestic violence. The author analyzes the responsibility for domestic violence in the sphere of administrative tort legislation and the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation, and highlights their differences. On the basis of the analysis carried out, the author puts forward ideas on improving the administrative-tort legislation.
Keywords: administrative responsibility, administrative and tort legislation, domestic violence, aggressor, victim of domestic violence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 08.12.2020) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 19.12.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://student2.consultant.ru/cgi.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 30.12.2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document.
3. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 28.01.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34661/
4. Federal'nyj zakon «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i Ugolovnoprocessual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii po voprosam sovershenstvovanija osnovanij i porjadka osvobozhdenija ot ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti» ot
03.07.2016 # 323-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_200696/
5. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 24 marta 2005 g. # 5 «O nekotoryh voprosah, voznikajushhih u sudov pri primenenii Kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
6. Bondarchuk I.V., Butkevich O.V., Rudenko A.V., Ryshkova L.V., Strel'nikova I.Ju., Trofimov S.A. Normotvorcheskij process v Respublike Krym i Sevastopole(po materialam 2018 goda): uchebnoe posobie dlja magistrov / Pod red. S.A. Trofimova, I.V. Bondarchuka. –Simferopol': IT «ARIAL», 2019. – 424 s.
7. Buc S.B., Evsikova E. V., Ponomarev A. V. K voprosu o reformirovanii administrativno-deliktnogo zakonodatel'stva i zakonodatel'nom opredelenii ponjatija «administrativnaja otvetstvennost'» // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 5 (144).- S. 154-156.
8. Evsikova E. V. Organy vnutrennih del kak osnovnoj sub"ekt preduprezhdenija domashnego nasilija:sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz // Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V. I. Vernadskogo. Juridicheskie nauki. - 2016. - T. 2 (68).- # 4. - S. 55-67.
9. Evsikova E.V. K voprosu o traktovanii ponjatija i principah administrativnoj otvetstvennosti v kontekste reformirovanija administrativno-deliktnogo zakonodatel'stva// Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V. I. Vernadskogo. Juridicheskie nauki. - 2021. - T. 7. - # 2. - S.226-236.
10. Rudenko A.V. Ob objazatel'nosti provedenija administrativnogo rassledovanija // Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V.I. Vernadskogo. Juridicheskie nauki. - 2017. - T. 3 (69). - # 4. - S. 181-189.
11. Serkov P.P. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost' v rossijskom prave: sovremennoe osmyslenie i novye podhody: Monografija. - M.: Norma; Infra-M,2012.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Trifonova K. V., Trifonov S. G.
Amnesty migration institute as one of legal means of modern migration policy in the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic
In the article, the authors consider the institution of migration amnesty as one of the means of modern migration policy in a pandemic.
Legislation, scientific research is analyzed, fundamental conclusions are made, which have both theoretical and practical significance for this issue.
The law enforcement practice of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia is analyzed in terms of holding from 2014 to 2019 a number of events aimed at restoring certain categories of foreign citizens to their legal status on the territory of the Russian Federation.
In conclusion, the author comes to the conclusion that, at present, the migration amnesty as an institution of law enforcement, unfortunately, is not enshrined at the legislative level.
Keywords: migration policy, legislation, pandemic, migration amnesty, migrant.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz Ministerstva zdravoohranenija RF ot 15 ijunja 2020 g. # 581n «O vnesenii izmenenij v prikaz Ministerstva zdravoohranenija Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29 ijunja 2015 g. # 384n «Ob utverzhdenii perechnja infekcionnyh zabolevanij, predstavljajushhih opasnost' dlja okruzhajushhih i javljajushhihsja osnovaniem dlja otkaza v vydache libo annulirovanija razreshenija na vremennoe prozhivanie inostrannyh grazhdan i lic bez grazhdanstva, ili vida na zhitel'stvo, ili patenta, ili razreshenija na rabotu v Rossijskoj Federacii, a takzhe porjadka podtverzhdenija ih nalichija ili otsutstvija, a takzhe formy medicinskogo zakljuchenija o nalichii (ob otsutstvii) ukazannyh zabolevanij» // SPS Garant.
2. Nauchnye issledovanija v oblasti migracii. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://kaluga-zaprava.ru/biblioteka/rf/federacija-migrantov-rossii-trudovaja-migracija-v-period-pandemii-itogi-2020-goda-problemy-i-perspektivy/ (data obrashhenija:12.03.2021).
3. Bondar' E.O. Voprosy primenenija v Rossijskoj Federacii migracionnoj amnistii kak instrumenta regulirovanija migracionnyh processov //Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo i administrativno-processual'nogo prava: materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (Sorokinskie chtenija) (g. Sankt-Peterburg, 27 marta 2020 g.). – SPb.: Izd-vo Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta Ministerstva vnutrennih del RF, 2020. – S. 78-83.
4. Kazarjan K.V. Juridicheskaja institucionalizacija migracionnoj amnistii: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Rostov-na-Donu, 2008.
5. Buehler M., Han K.J. Who Endorses Amnesty? An Original Survey from Morocco’s Casablanca Region Assessing Citizen Support for Regularizing Clandestine Migrants // Review of Middle East studies. – Tom: 52. –Vypusk: 2. Nov 2018. – R. 283-298.
6. Devillanova C., Fasani F., Frattini T. Employment of undocumented immigrants and the prospect of legal status: evidence from an amnesty program // ILR REVIEW. – SI. – Aug 2018. – Tom: 71. – Vypusk: 4. – R. 853-881.
7. Ryazantsev S. V., Ochirova G. N. Is the fight against illegal immigration effective (Experience of the USA, European Union and Russia)? // Polis-Politicheskiye Issledovaniya. – Vypusk: 2. – 2021.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Hominich V. A., Kostylev V. V., Ponomarev A. V.
Formation and development of administrative responsibility for offenses in the field of environmental protection and nature management: historical and legal aspect
The article examines the historical and legal aspect of the formation and development of administrative responsibility for environmental offenses. The fundamental changes in the legislation in the field of environmental protection, on administrative offenses, the positive and negative results of these transformations are indicated. As a positive result, there is an increase in the range of objects that are protected by administrative-tort legislation, subjects of misconduct, the introduction of new compositions of administrative offenses, etc. The ways of improving administrative responsibility in this area have been identified.
Kеуwоrds: аdmіnіstratіvе rеspоnsbility, аdmіnіstratіve punіshment, admіnіstrative offense, envіronmentаl protectіon, envіronmental offеnses.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/d0cument/c0ns_d0c_LAW_28399/ (data obrashhenija: 07.02.2020).
2. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. ot 30.04.2021, s izm. ot 17.05.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 07.01.2002. – # 1 (ch. 1). – St. 1.
3. Dekret SNK RSFSR ot 27.05.1919 «O srokah ohoty i o prave na ohotnich'e oruzhie». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://docs.historyrussia.org/ru/nodes/15657-27-maya-postanovlenie-snk-o-srokahohoty-i-o-prave-na-ohotnichie-oruzhie (data obrashhenija: 07.02.2021).
4. Postanovlenie VCIK ot 01.06.1922 «O vvedenii v dejstvie Ugolovnogo Kodeksa R.S.F.S.R.» (vmeste s «Ugolovnym Kodeksom R.S.F.S.R.»). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=ESU&n=42602#05959506551142986 (data obrashhenija:07.02.2021).
5. Ugolovnoe pravo. Osobennaja chast': uchebnik / otv. red. prof. I. A. Kozachenko, prof. Z.A. Neznamova, doc. G. P. Novoselov. – M., 2001. – 960 s.
6. Artamonova M.A. Nekotorye voprosy otvetstvennosti za jekologicheskie pravonarushenija po ugolovnomu i administrativnomu sovetskomu zak0nodatel'stvu // Vestnik Samarskoj gumanitarnoj akademii. Serija «Pravo». – 2013. – # 1(13). – S. 44-52.
7. Osnovy zakonodatel'stva Sojuza SSR i sojuznyh respublik ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah //Vedomosti Verhovnogo Soveta SSSR. – 1980. – # 44.– St. 909.
8. Kodeks RSFSR ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah (utv. VS RSFSR 20.06.1984) (red. ot 20.03.2001).– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_2318(data obrashhenija: 07.02.2021).
9. Kononov K.A. Razvitie zakonodatel'stva ob administrativnoj otvetstvennosti v Rossii // LexRussica. –2016. – # 1 (Tom 25-SV). – S. 34-37.
10. Kirin A.V. Jetapy razvitija instituta administrativn0j otvetstvennosti v SSSR // Istorija gosudarstva i prava. – 2011. – # 18. – S. 36-41.
11. Dubovik O.L. Jevoljucija razvitija instituta administrativnoj otvetstvennosti za jekologicheskie pravonarushenija // Administrativnoe pravo i process. – 2014. – # 9. – S. 66-70.
12. Postanovlenie STO RSFSR ot 27.07.1920 «O bor'be s lesnymi pozharami». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=ESU&n=18091#010151648553637016 (data obrashhenija:07.02.2021).
13. Evsikova E.V. Administrativnoe pravo: sovremennyj terminologicheskij slovar' / E.V. Evsikova, A.V. Ponomarev, V.V. Kostylev [i dr.]; nauchnyj redaktor M.I. Nikulin; redaktor E.V. Evsikova. –Simferopol': IT «ARIAL», 2020. – 400 s.
14. Evsikova E.V., Petrosjan G.A. Nekotorye aspekty privlechenija k administrativnoj otvetstvennosti za pravonarushenija v oblasti ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy i prirodopol'zovanija // Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni
V. I. Vernadskogo. Juridicheskie nauki. – 2019. – T. 5(71). # 2. – S. 259-269.
15. Makarejko N.V. Kollizii instituta administrativnoj otvetstvennosti // Juridicheskaja tehnika. –2017. – # 11. – S. 492-497.
16. Rudenko A.V. Sobljudenie principov sorazmernosti nakazanija i individualizacii nakazanija pri privlechenii k administrativnoj otvetstvennosti// Akademicheskij vestnik Rostovskogo filiala Rossijskoj tamozhennoj akademii. – 2016. – # 4 (25). –S. 77-81.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Urusov Z. Kh.
On the issue of administrative violations related to the storage and use of narcotic drugs
In the article, the author makes a brief historical excursion on the development of administrative law in the field related to the storage and use of narcotic drugs, examines the main legal documents regulating this area, and providing for penalties for violations in connection with the use and storage of narcotic drugs. The interest in this topic is dictated by the need to generalize the existing legislative framework and identify some of its weaknesses.
The novelty of the article is seen in the author’s approach in the presentation of the available material.
Keywords: administrative violations, possession, use, narcotic drugs.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah (KOAP RF) ot 30.12.2001 #195-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija) / Konsul'tantPljus(consultant.ru).
2. Musaev A. N. Protivodejstvie nezakonnomu oborotu narkoticheskih sredstv/ A. N. Musaev, P. N. Sbirunov, B. P. Celinskij. – M., 1983. – 208 s.
3. Narkomanija v dorevoljucionnoj Rossii // Vestnik MVD Rossii. – 1997. – # 5. – S. 112.
4. Po stranicam istorii bor'by s narkomaniej i nezakonnym oborotom narkotikov. Chast' 4. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: rospotrebnadzor.ru.
5. Ugolovnyj kodeks RSFSR (utv. VS RSFSR 27.10.1960)(red. ot 30.07.1996) / Konsul'tantPljus (consultant.ru) /utratil silu.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Khabibova L. D.
Problems of prevention of crimes in the activities of district police officers
The article considers the activities of district police officers-authorized police officers in the prevention of crimes. The authors consider a number of problems faced by district police officers when implementing preventive measures and preventing the formation of criminal behavior among various groups of citizens. In the course of the work, methods were proposed to improve the work of district police commissioners in the implementation of preventive measures.
Keywords: prevention, problems of crime prevention, family and domestic conflicts, district commissioner.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob administrativnom nadzore za licami, osvobozhdennymi iz mest lishenija svobody» ot 06.04.2011 # 64-FZ // Dostup iz spravpravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
2. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 29 marta 2019 g. # 205 «O nesenii sluzhby uchastkovym upolnomochennym policii na obsluzhivaemom administrativnom uchastke i organizacii jetoj dejatel'nosti» // Dostup iz sprav-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
3. Litvjak L.G. Preduprezhdenie prestuplenij i administrativnyh pravonarushenij organami vnutrennih del [Tekst]: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie.- Krasnodar: Krasnodarskij universitet MVD Rossii, 2014. - 124 s.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Drobotova A. G.
Administrative offenses in the field of customs
The article is devoted to a special category of administrative offenses committed in the field of customs. The article examines the degree of public danger of customs offenses, and also identifies the problems of differentiating administrative offenses in the field of customs among themselves and their delimitation from criminal offenses. The actual question is raised about the methods of responding to administrative offenses, especially on the inconsistency of criminal and administrative norms governing liability for offenses in the field of customs. The article formulates proposals for improving legislation, which could increase the effectiveness of countering administrative offenses in the field of customs.
Keywords: customs offense, administrative offense in the field of customs, violation of customs regulations, criminal liability, administrative responsibility, customs crime, smuggling, evasion of customs payments, punishment, sanction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 7 dekabrja 2011 goda # 420-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii»(v red. Federal'nogo zakona RF ot 03.07.2016 g. # 329-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 12.12.2011. –# 50. – St. 7362.
2. Tamozhennyj kodeks Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza ot 11 aprelja 2017 goda (v red. Reshenija Soveta EJeK ot 29.04.2020 g. #47). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://docs.cntd.ru (data obrashhenija:11.09.2021 g.).
3. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30 dekabrja 2001 goda #195-FZ (v red. Federal'nyh zakonov RF ot 01.07.2021g. ## 283-FZ, 286-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 07.01.2002. – #1 (chast' I). – St. 1.
4. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 ijunja 1996 goda # 63-FZ (v red. Federal'nyh zakonov RF ot 01.07.2021 g. ## 241-FZ, 248-FZ, 258-FZ, 259-FZ, 262-FZ, 281-FZ, 292-FZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF.– 17.06.1996. – # 25. – St. 2954.
5. Vel'kin A. V. Istoriko-pravovoe issledovanie administrativnoj otvetstvennosti za pravonarushenija, svjazannye s nedeklarirovaniem i nedostovernym deklarirovaniem. – M.: Izdatel'skaja gruppa «Jurist» // Tamozhennoe delo. – 2020. – # 3. – S. 32-37.
6. Lopashenko N. A. O blanketnyh dispozicijah primenitel'no k prestuplenijam v sfere jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti // Ugolovnoe pravo: strategija razvitija v XXI veke: Materialy XII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – M.: Izdatel'stvo «RG-Press», 2015. – S. 132-137.
7. Mejilbekov A. M. Ponjatie administrativnogo tamozhennogo pravonarushenija v stranah-chlenah Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza. – M.: Izdatel'stvo OOO «Internauka» // Studencheskij vestnik. – 2020.– 43-2(141). – S. 91 - 97.
8. Podrojkina I. A., Litvinov D. I. Problemy reglamentacii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za kontrabandu v sovremennom zakonodatel'stve. – Novosibirsk: Izdatel'stvo OOO «Kapital» // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. – 2019. – #5-2. – S. 160-163.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Andryukhina I. Yu.
Ways to improve the efficiency of personnel in the system of state civil and municipal service
The article discusses ways to improve the efficiency of state civil and municipal employees by improving the procedure for certifying employees through the introduction of an evaluation interview as a preliminary stage of certification and the formation of a rating of the effectiveness of professional performance, based on the calculation of the efficiency index of their activities, as well as the introduction of the procedure for concluding agreements on the establishment of performance indicators for the heads of the main and highest groups of positions of the state civil and municipal service.
Keywords: state civil servant, municipal employee, agreement, evaluation interview, rating.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 28 aprelja 2008 g. # 607 «Ob ocenke jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti organov mestnogo samoupravlenija municipal'nyh, gorodskih okrugov i municipal'nyh rajonov» / Informacionno-pravovaja baza «Garant»
(data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
2. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 24.06.2019 # 288 «Ob osnovnyh napravlenijah razvitija gosudarstvennoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby Rossijskoj Federacii na 2019–2021 gody» / Informacionno-pravovaja baza «Garant» (data obrashhenija:15.09.2021).
3. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 4 fevralja 2021 g. # 68 «Ob ocenke jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti vysshih dolzhnostnyh lic (rukovoditelej vysshih ispolnitel'nyh organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti) sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii i dejatel'nosti organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii» Informacionno-pravovaja baza «Garant» (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
4. Zakon Kaliningradskoj oblasti «O municipal'noj sluzhbe Kaliningradskoj oblasti» ot 17.06.2016 # 536 // Informacionno-pravovaja baza «Garant»(data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021).
5. Andrjuhina I. Ju. O novyh podhodah k pro vedeniju ocenki professional'noj sluzhebnoj dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennyh grazhdanskih sluzhashhih // Sovremennoe upravlenie: vektory razvitija: sbornik nauchny h trudov Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii 15-16 nojabrja 2018 g. - S aratov:OOO «Amirit», 2018. - S. 388-390.
6. Ocenka jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih v Velikobritanii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http:// https://vuzru.ru/otsenka-effektivnosti-deyatelnosti-gosudarstvennyhsluzhashhih-v-velikobritanii (data obrashhenija:15.09.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Akhtyamova E. V., Sultanova R. I.,
Alsynbaeva E. M., Minniakhmetov I. R., Khusainova R. I.
Legal and ethical problems of application non-invasive prenatal tests in the Russian Federation
With the development of molecular technologies, the question arises of improving prenatal diagnostics based on the introduction of the non-invasive prenatal test (NRT). Non-invasive prenatal test (NIPT) is a modern test using next generation sequencing technology (NGS). It is performed on circulating extracellular DNA obtained from trophoblast after 9 weeks of gestation. Its main benefit is to find targeted aneuploidies quickly while reducing the need for invasive testing. However, with high efficiency, there are ethical and legal problems associated with the identification of many genetic variants with unknown clinical significance. There is also the possibility of false positive or false negative results. It is concluded that the national regulatory framework needs to improve the legal regime for DNA testing. The need to introduce non-invasive diagnostic technologies into the practice of medical genetic counselling for the general population as the safest and most progressive method of genetic diagnostics is identified.
Keywords: preimplantation genetic diagnostics, prenatal genetic diagnostics, ethical and legal problems, legal regulation, noninvasive prenatal test, NIPT.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz Departamenta zdravoohranenija g. Moskvy ot 13 marta 2020g. # 199 «Ob organizacii provedenija neinvazivnogo prenatal'nogo testa v gorode Moskve» // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim
dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija:27.08.2021).
2. Prikaz Departamenta zdravoohranenija Jamalo-Neneckogo avtonomnogo okruga ot 24 ijunja 2020 g. #671-o «Ob organizacii provedenija neinvazivnogo prenatal'nogo testa (NIPT) v Jamalo-Neneckom avtonomnom okruge» // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru
(data obrashhenija: 27.08.2021).
3. Olenev A.S., Baranova E.E., Sagajdak O.V., Galaktionova A.M., Belenikin M.S., Gneteckaja V.A., Zobkova G.Ju., Kosova E.V., Makarova M.V., Songolova E.N. Normativno-pravovoe regulirovanie dorodovogo skrininga s ispol'zovaniem neinvazivnogo prenatal'nogo testa v Rossijskoj Federacii // Voprosy ginekologii, akusherstva i perinatologii. – 2020.– # 19 (6). – S. 124-132. DOI: 10.20953/1726-1678-2020-6-124-132
4. Husainova R.I., Ahtjamova E.V., Minniahmetov I.R., Alsynbaeva Je.M. Pravovye problemy primenenija sovremennyh metodov prenatal'noj geneticheskoj diagnostiki v Rossii // Pravovoe gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. – 2021. – # 2 (64). – S. 52-65.
5. Benn P., Borrell A., Chiu R., et al. Position statement from the Chromosome Abnormality Screening Committee on behalf of the Board of the International Society for Prenatal Diagnosis // Prenat Diagn. – 2015. –# 35 (8). – R. 725-34.
6. Benn P. The significance of test failures in noninvasive prenatal screening for fetal aneuploidy using cell-free DNA // J Fetal Med. – 2017. – # 4. – R. 13-18.
7. Cuckle H. Strategies for implementing cell-free DNA testing // Clin Lab Med. – 2016. – # 36 (2). – P. 213-226.
8. Cuckle H. cfDNA screening performance: Accounting for and reducing test failures // Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. – 2017. – # 49 (6). – R. 689-92.
9. Gregg A. R., Skotko B. G., Benkendorf J. L., et al. Noninvasive prenatal screening for fetal aneuploidy, 2016 update: A position statement of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics // Genet Med. – 2016. – # 18 (10). – R. 1056-1065.
10. Hui L., Bianchi D. . Noninvasive prenatal DNA testing: The vanguard of genomic medicine // Annu Rev Med. –2017. – # 68. – P. 459-472.
11. Kinnings S.L., Geis J.A., Almasri E, et al. Factors affecting levels of circulating cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma and their implications for noninvasive prenatal testing // Prenat Diagn. – 2015.– # 35 (8). – P. 816-822.
12. Samura O., Okamoto A., Causes of aberrant noninvasive prenatal testing for aneuploidy: A systematic review // Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. – 2020. – # 59 (1).– R. 16-20.
13. Samura O., Okamoto A., Causes of aberrant noninvasive prenatal testing for aneuploidy: A systematic review // Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. – 2020. – # 59 (1). – R. 16-20.
14. Wataganara T., Bui T.H., Choy K.W., et al. Debates on fetal fraction measurement and DNA-based noninvasive prenatal screening: Time for standardisation // BJOG. – 2016. – # 123 (3). – R. 31−35.
 
CIVIL LAW
Baltutite I. V.
Problems of legal regulation of telemedicine in the Russian Federation
The modern world is characterized by significant changes that somehow affect the quality standards, subjects and forms of social services, caused by two main factors, including the active development of public-private partnership mechanisms and the digital transformation of public administration and the main sectors of the social sphere. Currently, the normal development of the political, economic and legal sphere is significantly affected by the outbreak of the coronavirus disease COVID-19, declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. The events taking place today that are directly related to the pandemic affect all areas of our habitual way of life, its legal component, including the sphere of telemedicine technologies.
The author analyzes the results of reforming the current civil legislation and innovations in the field of legal regulation of telemedicine technologies in the context of digitalization and informatization of the state and society, considers the main theoretical and practical problems of legal regulation of the implementation and organization of medical services using digital technologies, and also formulated specific proposals for improving the current legislation in this area. It is established that innovations in the legal regulation of telemedicine technologies in the context of the fourth industrial revolution against the background of the pandemic contain a number of positive aspects, but their further development is impossible without a significant adjustment of the legislation on telemedicine.
Keywords: telemedicine, pandemic, digitalization, electronic document management, healthcare system, information security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 29 ijulja 2017 g. # 242-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii po voprosam primenenija informacionnyh tehnologij v sfere ohrany zdorov'ja» // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2017. – 4 avgusta.
2. Prikaz Minzdrava Rossii ot 30 nojabrja 2017 g. #965n «Ob utverzhdenii porjadka organizacii i okazanija medicinskoj pomoshhi s primeneniem telemedicinskih tehnologij» (zaregistrirovano v Minjuste Rossii 09.01.2018 # 49577) // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Strahovka.Ru: spros na onlajn-konsul'tacii vrachej v I polugodii 2020 g. vyros na 177 %. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.retail.ru/rbc/pressreleases/s8capital-strakhovka-ruspros-na-onlayn-konsultatsii-vrachey-v-i-polugodii-2020-g-vyros-na-177/ (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
4. Putin poruchil vnesti izmenenija v zakonodatel'stvo o telemedicine. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20210104/telemeditsina-1591964979.html (data obrashhenija:12.01.2021).
5. Gotovitsja programma po okazaniju reabilitacionnoj pomoshhi detjam v formate telemediciny. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.zdrav.ru/news/1091152-telemedicina-reabilitacionnayapomoshch-detyam (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2021).
6. Rezoljucija, prinjataja General'noj Assambleej OON 20 aprelja 2020 g. # 74/274. Sem'desjat chetvertaja sessija, punkt 123 povestki dnja. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://undocs.org/ru/A/RES/74/274 (data obrashhenija: 02.01.2021).
7. Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). 16 – 24 February 2020. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/whochina-joint-mission-on-covid-19-final-report.pdf (data obrashhenija: 02.01.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Bazunov A. A., Zaripov S. R.,
Kudashev R. K., Sayfutdinov V. V.
Class actions in mass torts
The article deals with legal relations arising from mass harm to persons (mass torts) and the organization of their legal group protection in the Russian Federation. Having analyzed the provisions of the scientific doctrine of the Institute of class action and the Institute of mass torts investigating the problems of legal regulation and law enforcement, the following provisions are justified: 1) the existing social relations create a tendency to increase the precedents of mass tort and the corresponding group protection of the population; 2) one of the priority areas of legal support and protection of the rights of the population is to improve the legal regulation and enforcement of the institute of mass tort and class action; 3) it is necessary to introduce digital technologies that allow accumulating personal data of victims of mass torts and organize their systematic transfer to a representative of the group for further judicial representation. In particular, the authors propose to consider their personal experience of implementing digital technologies in solving the above problems, using the example of the chatbot “Virtual Lawyer” located on the website of the Bashkortostan branch of the Association of Lawyers of Russia.
Keywords: class action, mass tort, mass environmental tort, digital technologies, virtual lawyer.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abolonin G. O. Massovye iski. M.: Volters Kluver, 2011. 416 s.
2. Aznabaev O.F., Zaripov R.U., Zaripov Sh.R., Kartashev N.I. Problema privlechenija dolzhnostnogo lica k regressnoj otvetstvennosti v publichno-pravovyh deliktah // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2021. # 4 (155). S. 137-139.
3. Algushaev F.N., Aslaev S.T., Eremeev V.Ju., Zaripov Sh.R. Publichno-pravovaja otvetstvennost' sudej v massovyh deliktah // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2021. # 3 (154). S. 374-376.
4. Afanas'eva E. G. Gruppovye iski v SShA. (obzor)// Social'nye i gumanitarnye nauki. Otechestvennaja i zarubezhnaja literatura. Ser. 4. Gosudarstvo i pravo: Referativnyj zhurnal. 2016. # 2. S. 139-145.
5. Buranbaev R.A., Garifullin R.R., Zaripov Sh.R., Prokof'eva D.D. Massovyj delikt: teorija i praktika // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2021. # 1. S. 397-401.
6. Zaripov Sh.R. Teoretiko-istoricheskij aspekt instituta juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti gosudarstva // V sbornike: Sovremennaja nauka i praktika v voprosah i otvetah. Sbornik nauchnyh statej po materialam Vserossijskoj studencheskoj zaochnoj konferencii. Otv.
redaktor S.A. Zabelina. 2020. S. 174-182.
7. Zaripov Sh.R., Konovalova E.A. Mezhdunarodnoe i otechestvennoe pravovoe regulirovanie massovogo delikta // V sbornike: Aktual'nye voprosy publichnogo prava. Materialy XIX Vserossijskoj nauchnoj konferencii Studentov i molodyh uchenyh. Ekaterinburg, 2020. S. 105-110.
8. Jarkov V. V. Novye formy iskovoj zashhity prava v grazhdanskom processe (gruppovye i kosvennye iski) // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 1999. # 9. S. 32-40.
9. Jarkov V.V., Dolganichev V.V. Gruppovye iski: Sravnitel'nyj analiz // European and Asian Law Review. 2020. # 1. S. 118-133.
 
CIVIL LAW
Bakunin S. N., Ananjeva E. O.
The civil-legal aspect of the agreement on compensation for damage to health caused by a crime
The article focuses on the need to protect the rights of a citizen and guarantee their restoration in case of violation. It is important for civil protection to identify all the conditions necessary for the emergence of obligations to compensate for damage caused to the health of a citizen: the presence of harm, illegal behavior, causal relationship, guilt. The authors believe that the standard procedure for determining the amount of compensation for damage caused to the health of a citizen is stretched over time and most often requires various examinations and obtaining appropriate conclusions. Therefore, one of the possible mechanisms that can quickly consolidate
the balance of interests of the victim and the causer of harm is an agreement on voluntary compensation for harm. By its legal nature, the concluded agreement is at least a bilateral transaction, the participants of which are a citizen who has suffered harm to his health and a delinquent.
Keywords: citizen’s health, civil protection, conditions for the occurrence of obligations to compensate for harm, civil liability, principles of an agreement on compensation for harm to a citizen’s health caused by a crime
Work bibliographic list
1. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 17 avgusta 2007g. # 522 «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil opredelenija stepeni tjazhesti vreda, prichinennogo zdorov'ju cheloveka» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27 avgusta 2007g. - # 35. - St. 4308.
2. General'naja prokuratura Rossijskoj Federacii. Sbornik: Sostojanie prestupnosti v Rossii za janvar' – dekabr' 2020 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://www.genproc.ru (data obrashhenija: 19.08.2021).
3. Maleina M. N. Juridicheskaja harakteristika zdorov'ja kak nematerial'nogo blaga // Medicinskoe pravo. – 2014. - # 4. - S. 13.
4. Sovetskoe grazhdanskoe pravo. Ch. 1. / Otv. red. V. A. Rjasencev. — M.: Jurid. lit., 1986. - S. 264; Sovetskoe grazhdanskoe pravo. Ch. 1 / Otv. red. V. T. Smirnov, Ju. K. Tolstoj, A. K. Jurchenko. - L.: LGU, 1982. - S. 193.
5. Tolstaja E. V. Pravo na psihicheskoe zdorov'e v sisteme lichnyh neimushhestvennyh blag // Jurist. - 2011.- # 12. - S. 43.
 
CIVIL LAW
Ivliev P. V., Kondrashov S. V.
Civil liability of media representatives during investigative reporting
The article discusses issues related to the civil liability of media representatives in the conduct
of journalistic investigations. The article analyzes the norms of federal laws regulating the duties of journalists who interact with citizens in connection with the conduct of journalistic investigations.
The gaps in the legislation in connection with the protection of the rights and legitimate interests
of citizens are identified, the concept of civil liability of the media is formulated in the conduct of journalistic investigations.
Keywords: investigative journalism, rights and legitimate interests of citizens, personal inviolability of a citizen, image of a citizen, civil liability, mass media, mass media, objects of intellectual property, civil law, information technology.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii korrupcii»ot 25.12.2008 # 273-FZ».
2. Zakon RF ot 27.12.1991 # 2124-1 (red. ot 01.07.2021) «O sredstvah massovoj informacii».
3. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii» ot 27.07.2006 # 149-FZ.
4. Plenum Verhovnogo Suda RF v postanovlenii ot 15 ijunja 2010 g. # 16 «O praktike primenenija sudami Zakona Rossijskoj Federacii» «O sredstvah massovoj informacii».
5. Plenum Verhovnogo Suda RF v postanovlenii ot 23.06.2015 # 25 «O primenenii sudami nekotoryh polozhenij razdela I chasti pervoj Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii».
 
CIVIL LAW
Goncharova L. N.
Institutional and pandectoral models of codification of legislation
The article analyzes the peculiarities of constructing the legislation of European states, the codification of which was implemented in accordance with the institutional and pandectoral models. They take their basis from the system of the Napoleon Code of 1804 and the German Civil Code of 1896, respectively. The advantages and disadvantages of systematization of legislation in accordance with the specified models are analyzed. The conclusion is made that a higher degree of systematization of the normative material can be achieved with pandect codification.
Keywords: systematization of legislation, codification, Napoleon’s Code, German Civil Code, institutional and pandectoral systems of law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andreeva I.A., Matancev D.A. Sravnitel'noe pravovedenie: uchebnoe posobie. – M.: Akademija upravlenija MVD Rossii, 2021. – 96 s.
2. Bobotov S.V., Vasil'ev D.I. O kodifikacii i sistematizacii zakonodatel'stva v Shvejcarii // Pravovedenie. – 1972. – # 5. – S. 76-84.
3. Bogonenko V.A. Kodeks Napoleona. Istoriko-pravovoj aspekt. – Minsk: A.N. Varaksin, 2014. – 244 s.
4. Bogonenko V.A. Opyt kodifikacionnogo normot-vorchestva v grazhdanskom prave (na primere Germanii) // Vestnik Polockogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija D. Jekonomicheskie i juridicheskie nauki. – 2015. – # 6. – S. 125-132.
5. Kabrijak R. Kodifikacii / Per. s fr. L.V. Golovko.– M.: Statut, 2007. – 476 s.
6. Korkunov N.M. Lekcii po obshhej teorii prava /Predisl.: I.Ju. Kozlihin. – SPb.: Jurid. Centr Press, 2003. – 430 c.
7. Pamjatniki rimskogo prava: Zakony XII tablic. Institucii Gaja. Digesty Justiniana. – M.: Zercalo, 1997. – 608 s.
8. Rennenkampf N.K. Ocherki juridicheskoj jenciklopedii. – Kiev: Izdanie N.Ja. Oglobina, 1880. – 287 s.
9. Savin'i F.K. fon. Sistema sovremennogo rimskogo prava. T. I / Per. s nem. G. Zhigulina; Pod red. O. Kutateladze, V. Zubarja. – M.: Statut, 2011. – 510 s.
10. Skrjabin S. V. K voprosu o teoreticheskih modeljah veshhnogo prava // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2009.– # 4. – S. 86-97.
11. Cvajgert K., Ketc H. Vvedenie v sravnitel'noe pravovedenie v sfere chastnogo prava: V 2-h tt. – Tom I. Osnovy. – M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 2000. –480 s.
12. Shershenevich G.F. Izbrannoe: V 6 t. T. 2 vkljuchaja Kurs grazhdanskogo prava / Vstup. slovo, sost.: P. V.Krasheninnikov. – M.: Statut, 2017. – 704 s.
13. Shershenevich G.F. Ocherki po istorii kodifikacii grazhdanskogo prava. I. Francija. – Kazan': Tipo-lit. Imp. un-ta, 1897. – 61 s.
 
CIVIL LAW
Eshkileva N. A., Panchenko S. S.
Legal problems of recognizing the heir as unworthy
Currently, the Russian legislation regulating inheritance issues is in the process of reforming.
The article deals with the problems of legal regulation of the recognition of heirs as unworthy as one of the ways to protect civil rights. The article defines the significance of this legal institution in Russian civil law, the possibility of its use and potential. On the basis of an analysis of the norms of law, scientific literature and judicial practice, certain problems associated with the application of norms on unworthy heirs were identified, an approach to their solution was determined by introducing a number of amendments to the current legislation.
Keywords: inheritance relationship, will, inheritance, unworthy heirs, grounds for inheritance,
alimony obligations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Eshkileva N.A. Nasledstvennyj dogovor kak osnovanie nasledstvennogo pravootnoshenija // Sovremennaja nauka: aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki. Serija Jekonomika i pravo. – 2020. – # 10. – S. 134-137.
2. Komissarova S.V. Otvetstvennost' v alimentnyh objazatel'stvah, ispolnjaemyh v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih detej // Ius publicum et privatum.– 2018. – # 2. – S. 24-26.
3. Petrov V. Slozhnosti priznanija nedostojnym naslednikom // Zhilishhnoe pravo. – 2015. – # 9. – S. 101-111.
4. Savina T.V. Otstranenie nedostojnyh naslednikov ot nasledovanija v svjazi s neispolneniem alimentnyh objazatel'stv // Nasledstvennoe pravo. – 2018. –# 3. – S. 10-12.
5. Tolstova I.A. Matveev P.A. Nedostojnye nasledniki: zakonodatel'nyj opjat Rossijskoj Federacii i zarubezhnyh stran // Nasledstvennoe pravo. – 2018.– # 3. – S. 45-48.
6. Fioshin A.V. Ocenochnye ponjatija o nedostojnyh naslednikah // Rossijskij sud'ja. – 2015. – # 11. – S. 15-18.
 
CIVIL LAW
Kupchina E. V.
Digital evidence and the problem of their authentication in US civil proceedings
In the digital age, the most important evidence is generated using a variety of electronic devices. State-of-the-art information technology provides sophisticated ways to document events on a day-to-day basis, creating a vast database of electronic evidence.
Millions of people create documentation every day that can become potential evidence in court. On-site attendees can now document the details of the action with photo, video and audio recordings from their mobile phones and cameras, and post comments in real time on websites such as YouTube and Twitter. Nowadays, traditional testimony can be greatly enhanced by the provision of various digital evidence. The widespread use of mobile devices has created unprecedented challenges in litigation as courts decide how to properly authenticate digital information in accordance with applicable court rules and procedures. In this article, the author provides examples of the most commonly provided types of electronic evidence, and also analyzes the basic rules for authenticating digital evidence in the settlement of civil disputes in the United States.
Keywords: digital evidence, electronic documents, metadata, authentication.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gronik I. Jelektronnoe sudebnoe razbiratel'stvo v grazhdanskom processe Zapadnoj Avstralii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 12 (151).- S. 60-61.
2. Kupchina E.V. Pravovoe regulirovanie predostavlenija cifrovyh dokazatel'stv v mezhdunarodnom kommercheskom arbitrazhe // Trudy Instituta gosudarstva i prava RAN. - 2021. - T. 16. - # 3. - S. 94–95. - DOI:10.35427/2073-4522-2021-16-3-kupchina.
3. Kupchina E.V. Cifrovye dokazatel'stva v grazhdanskom processe Japonii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 6 (145). - S. 91.
4. Rusakova E.P. Integrirovanie sovremennyh cifrovyh tehnologij v sudoproizvodstvo Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki i Singapura // Gosudarstvo i pravo. - 2020. - # 9. - S. 102-109.
5. Atlantic Data Forensic. Admissibility of Digital Evidence in Court. 2017. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.atlanticdf.com/blog/2017/12/18/admissibility-of-digital-evidence-in-court/ (data obrashhenija: 14.07.2021).
6. Dudin M.N., Shakhov O.F., Shakhova M.S., Rusakova E.P., Sizova Yu.S. (2019) Digital technologies as a driver of intellectual stratification of human resources: socioeconomic inequality. // International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE). - 8 (2). – Retrieval Number. - 4436-4440 p.
7. Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Rule 30. Depositions by Oral Examination (as amended to December 1, 2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www. law.cornell.edu/rules/frcp/rule_30 (data obrashhenija: 08.07.2021).
8. Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Rule 31. Depositions by Oral Examination (as amended to December 1, 2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www. law.cornell.edu/rules/frcp/rule_31 (data obrashhenija:08.07.2021).
9. Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Rule 32. Depositions by Oral Examination (as amended to December 1, 2020).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/frcp/rule_32 (data obrashhenija:08.07.2021).
10. Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Rule 34. Depositions by Oral Examination (as amended to December 1, 2020).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa:https://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/frcp/rule_34 (data obrashhenija:14.07.2021).
11. Federal Rules of Evidence. Rule 401. Test for Relevant Evidence. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa:https://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rule_401 (data obrashhenija: 15.07.2021).
12. Federal Rules of Evidence. Rule 402. General Admissibility of Relevant Evidence. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rule_402(data obrashhenija: 15.07.2021).
13. Federal Rules of Evidence. Rule 801. Definitions That Apply to This Article; Exclusions from Hearsay. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rule_801 (data obrashhenija: 15.07.2021).
14. Federal Rules of Evidence. Rule 802. The Rule Against Hearsay. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa:https://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rule_802 (data obrashhenija: 15.07.2021).
15. Federal Rules of Evidence. Rule 803. Exceptions to the Rule Against Hearsay. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rule_803(data obrashhenija: 15.07.2021).
16. Federal Rules of Evidence. Rule 901. Authenticating or Identifying Evidence. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rule_901(data obrashhenija: 13.07.2021).
17. Federal Rules of Evidence. Rule 902. Evidence That Is Self- Authenticating. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rule_902 (data obrashhenija: 14.07.2021).
18. Krotoski M. Effectively Using Electronic Evidence Before And At Trial // United States Attorneys’. - 2011. - Vol. 59. -Number 6. - P. 59-71.
19. Massachusetts Rules of Civil Procedure. Rule 30A:Audiovisual depositions & audiovisual evidence (including amendments effective March 15, 2020). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.mass.gov/rules-of-civil-procedure/civil-procedure-rule-30aaudiovisual-
depositions-audiovisual-evidence (data obrashhenija: 08.07.2021).
20. Rules of Civil Procedure for the United States District Courts. Rule 26. Duty to Disclose; General Provisions Governing Discovery (as amended to December 1, 2019).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.uscourts.gov/sites/default/files/federal_rules_of_
civil_procedure_-_dec_1_2019_0.pdf (data obrashhenija: 15.07.2021).
21. Wyoming Rules of Evidence. X. Contents of Writings, and Photographs. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.courts.state.wy.us/wp-content/ uploads/2017/05/WYOMING_RULES_OF_EVIDENCE.pdf (data obrashhenija: 09.07.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Kurbatova G. V., Bondarenko I. V.
Contract of purchase and sale of real estate:features, problems and legal regulations
Тhe study is devoted to the most important legal relations, namely legal relations in the field of real estate, it focuses on the origins and reasons for the popularity and desirability of real estate, raises the question of the procedure for concluding contractual obligations in real estate, analyzes
the most pressing problems in the field of buying and selling real estate and offers options their solutions.
Keywords: purchase and sale, real estate, problems, legal framework, mortgage, apartment, sale and purchase agreement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andreev N.V. Pravovoe regulirovanie zakljuchenija i ispolnenija dogovorov kupli-prodazhi: osobennosti i problemy // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2019. – # 24(262). – S. 172-176.
2. Anchishina E.A. Forma grazhdansko-pravovogo dogovora kak ego konstitutivnyj jelement // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Serija «Jekonomika i pravo». – 2015. – # 4. – S. 70-76.
3. Bezlepkin G.A. Formy i soderzhanie dogovora kupli-prodazhi nedvizhimogo imushhestva // Nauka, obrazovanie i kul'tura. – 2019. – # 1. – S. 42-46.
4. Djomin A.D. Dejstvie kak sposob realizacii akcepta // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. – 2019. – # 1.– S. 363-368.
5. Il'ina D.V. Riski pri pokupke kommercheskoj nedvizhimosti i upravlenie imi // Dostizhenija nauki i obrazovanija. – 2020. – # 2. – S. 36-41.
6. Kameneckij M.I., Jas'kova N.Ju. Stroitel'stvo i rynok nedvizhimosti: ot krizisa k rostu // Problemy prognozirovanija. – 2018. – # 1. – S. 50-53.
7. Nekrasova N.D. Riski v sektore nedvizhimosti // Voprosy nauki i obrazovanija. – 2018. – # 1. – S. 10–14.
8. Pavlov D.V., Shmelev O.B. Notarial'noe udostoverenie sdelok s nedvizhimost'ju // Zakon i pravo. –2020. – # 8. – S. 56-60.
9. Pershin A.V. Problemy pravovogo dogovora kupli-prodazhi // E-Scio. – 2017. – # 1. – S. 15-21.
10. Sysoev M.V. Pravovye voprosy ipotechnogo kreditovanija za schjot sredstv materinskogo kapitala // Otechestvennaja jurisprudencija. – 2018. – # 1. – S. 11-17.
11. Tuzhilova-Ordanskaja E.M. Gosudarstvennaja registracija prav na nedvizhimost' // Lex Russica. – 2015.– # 8. – S. 36-41.
12. Horosheva L.N., Gladkih V.S. Metodika rascheta izmenenija rynochnoj stoimosti zhil'ja v mnogokvartirnyh domah v processe ih jekspluatacii // Innovacii i investicii. – 2020. – # 4. – S. 200-210.
 
CIVIL LAW
Manukyan A. R.
Problems in the use of medical examination for intoxication
A medical examination is a complex of medical measures (examinations and studies) that will confirm the state of human health.
A medical examination for the state of intoxication is carried out by a psychiatrist-narcologist or a doctor of another specialty (in rural areas, if it is impossible to conduct an examination by a doctor, this examination is carried out by a paramedic) who have been trained in conducting a medical examination for the state of intoxication of vehicle drivers. Let us consider in the article what a medical examination for the state of intoxication is, types of medical examination, grounds, criteria and procedure for their conduct from a technical and legal point of view.
Keywords: examination, medical examination, offense, crime, violation, punishment, production security measure, police officers, employer, medical workers.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ (red. Ot 01.07.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.09.2021) / Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». (data obrashhenija:05.09.2021). St.st. 12.8, 27.12, 28.3.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 22.08.2021) / Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». (data obrashhenija: 05.09.2021). St.st. 63, 264.
3. Trudovoj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.2001 # 197-FZ (red. ot 28.06.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.09.2021) / Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». (data obrashhenija: 05.09.2021). St.st. 69, 76, 81,84.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 21.11.2011 # 323-FZ «Ob osnovah ohrany zdorov'ja grazhdan v Rossijskoj Federacii» /Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». (data obrashhenija: 05.09.2021). St.st. 20, 65.
 
CIVIL LAW
Marks Yu. A.
Mediation of civil legal disputes: results, problems and prospects
The author addresses the issues of legal regulation of the mediation procedure, characterizes the organizational conditions for the activities of mediators, summarizes the activities of mediation services in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Noting the scarcity of the practice of using mediation procedures in relation to disputes arising from civil legal relations, the author points out a number of problems that hinder the introduction of the institution of mediation into Russian legal practice.
The author speaks in favor of the obligatory membership of mediators in self-regulatory organizations. A proposal was made to transfer mediation issues from the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation to the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation. This, in particular, is the authority to maintain registers of mediators and mediator organizations, as well as to supervise their activities.
In the future, the author sees it as permissible to consolidate as mandatory mediation procedures in cases of family legal relations.
Keywords: mediation, mediation procedure, mediator, dispute, self-regulatory organizations, supervision.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.07.2010 # 193-FZ «Ob al'ternativnoj procedure uregulirovanija sporov s uchastiem posrednika (procedure mediacii)» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. –02.08.2010. – # 31. – St. 4162.
2. Grazhdanskij processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 14.11.2002 # 138-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 18.11.2002. – # 46. – St. 4532.
3. Analiticheskij doklad «Monitoring dejatel'nosti sluzhb mediacii v sub"ektah Rossijskoj Federacii» (FGBU «Federal'nyj institut mediacii»).– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://.fcprc.ru/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Monitoring-2020-goda.pdf (data obrashhenija: 20.08.2021).
4. Bojkova A.V., Maljuchkov D.G. Primenenie procedury mediacii v uslovijah pandemii koronavirusa// Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. – 2020. – # 7 (46). – S. 132-134.
5. Volkova M. A., Shilovskaja A. L. K voprosu o pravovom statuse otdel'nyh uchastnikov otnoshenij po mediacii // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2019. – # 3. – S. 96-99.
6. Eliseev D.B. Mediacija kak sposob dosudebnogo uregulirovanija konfliktov // Advokatskaja praktika.– 2020. – # 2. – S. 49-54.
7. Zagidullin M.R. Mery juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti v grazhdanskom i arbitrazhnom processah i procedure mediacii // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki. – 2020. – # 2. – S. 388-405.
8. Kivlenok T.V. Rol' mediacii v uregulirovanii pravovyh konfliktov // Vestnik grazhdanskogo processa. – 2020. – # 4. – S. 167-177.
9. Lazareva O.V. Vozmozhnosti i predely ispol'zovanija procedury mediacii // Razvitie instituta mediacii kak instrumenta povyshenija pravovoj kul'tury grazhdan. Sbornik materialov VI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (Saratov, 30 oktjabrja 2020 goda). – S. 180-184.
10. Minkina N.I. Mediacija v sisteme zashhity sem'i kak konstitucionnoj cennosti // Sovremennoe pravo. – 2019. – # 5. – S. 59-66.
11. Motorina I.S. Sudebnaja mediacija kak sposob obespechenija dostupa k pravosudiju budushhego i povyshenija spravedlivosti pri regulirovanii sporov //Rossijskaja justicija. – 2019. – # 11. – S. 31-35.
12. Murzanova E.A. Mediacija – sposoby i zadachi uregulirovanija sporov: opyt zarubezhnyh stran // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta im. V. N. Tatishheva. –2016. – # 4. – S. 65-70.
13. «Spravka o praktike primenenija sudami Federal'nogo zakona ot 27 ijulja 2010 g. # 193-FZ «Ob al'ternativnoj procedure uregulirovanija sporov s uchastiem posrednika (procedure mediacii)» za 2015 god» (utv. Prezidiumom Verhovnogo Suda RF 22.06.2016) // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. – 2017.– # 1.
 
CIVIL LAW
Makhiboroda M. N.
Regulatory and legal regulation of off-street transport: civil and legal aspect
In the article, the author considers the legislative regulation of off-street transport. Reveals the existing gaps in the legislation in the legal relations under consideration. Provides statistics on the demand for off-street transport, based on statistical data from surveys conducted by the Department of Transport and Development of Road Transport Infrastructure of the city of Moscow.
The civil liability for this type of transport is considered. In addition, the paper refers to the ambiguous application of the rules on liability, since the type of obligations under consideration cannot be unambiguously attributed to only one category. Therefore, the trend in approaches to the definition of this type of obligations and to responsibility for their improper performance should be considered at a different level.
Keywords: non-personal transport, civil liability, transportation, transport legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii chast' vtoraja ot 26.01.1996 g. # 14-FZ (v red. ot 01.07.2021g., s izm. ot 08.07.2021 g.) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - 1996. - # 5. - St. 410.
2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii chast' pervaja ot 30.11.1994 g. # 51-FZ (v red. ot 28.06.2021g., s izm. ot 08.07.2021 g.) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - 1994. - # 32. - St.3301.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 08.11.2007 g. # 259-FZ (v red. ot 02.07.2021 g.) «Ustav avtomobil'nogo transporta i gorodskogo nazemnogo jelektricheskogo transporta» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - 2007. - # 46. - St. 5555.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 29.12.2017 g. # 442-FZ «O vneulichnom transporte i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - 2018. - # 1 (Ch. I). - St. 26.
5. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 28.11.2013 g. # 1087 (v red. ot 11.02.2021g.) «Ob opredelenii sluchaev zakljuchenija kontrakta zhiznennogo cikla» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - 2013. - # 49 (ch. VII).- St. 6430.
6. Prikaz Mintransa Rossii ot 12.11.2018 g. # 404 «Ob utverzhdenii Tipovyh pravil pol'zovanija monorel'sovym transportom» // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus», 2021.
7. Prikaz Mintransa Rossii ot 26.10.2018 g. # 386 «Ob utverzhdenii Tipovyh pravil pol'zovanija metropolitenom» // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus», 2021.
8. Prikaz Mintransa Rossii ot 29.12.2018 g. # 485 «Ob utverzhdenii Tipovyh pravil pol'zovanija funikulerom transportnym (nazemnoj kanatnoj dorogoj transportnoj)» // SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus», 2021.
9. Prikaz Mintransa Rossii ot 29.12.2018 g. # 486 «Ob utverzhdenii Tipovyh pravil pol'zovanija podvesnoj kanatnoj dorogoj transportnoj» //SPS «Konsul'tantPljus», 2021.
10. Prikaz Rostehnadzora ot 06.02.2014 g. # 42 (v red. ot 28.04.2016 g.) «Ob utverzhdenii Federal'nyh norm i pravil v oblasti promyshlennoj bezopasnosti “Pravila bezopasnosti passazhirskih kanatnyh dorog i funikulerov”» // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus», 2021.
11. Ataev P.G. Prostranstvennye osobennosti formirovanija sistemy vneulichnogo passazhirskogo transporta Sankt-Peterburgskoj aglomeracii:dis. ... kand. geogr. nauk. - Sankt-Peterburg, 2020.- 174 s.
12. Batiashvili G.I. Arhitekturno-planirovochnye reshenija peresadochnyh uzlov vneulichnogo passazhirskogo transporta: dis. ... kand. arhitektury.- Tbilisi, 1967. –200 s.
13. Opros o Moskovskom Monorel'se // Oficial'nyj portal Departamenta transporta i razvitija dorozhno-transportnoj infrastruktury goroda Moskvy. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa:https://transport.mos.ru/poll/143 (data obrashhenija:27.08.2021).
14. Poslednjaja osen' moskovskogo monorel'sa: stolica lishaetsja samogo neobychnogo transporta// Oficial'nyj portal zhurnala Jandeks.Dzena.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://zen.yandex.ru/media/tour2go/posledniaia-osenmoskovskogo-monorelsa-stolica-lishaetsia-samogoneobychnogo-transporta-5f6e63b8df292d1109dfacd8(data obrashhenija: 27.08.2021).
15. Proekt Federal'nogo zakona «O metropolitenah i drugih vidah vneulichnogo transporta» // Oficial'nyj sajt FGBU «Redakcija «Rossijskoj gazety». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa:https://rg.ru/2011/06/15/metro-site-dok.html (data obrashhenija: 27.08.2021).
16. SP 395.1325800.2018. Svod pravil. Transportno-peresadochnye uzly. Pravila proektirovanija(utv. i vveden v dejstvie Prikazom Minstroja Rossii ot 21.09.2018 g. # 609/pr) // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus», 2021.
17. Fedotova D.S. Dogovor perevozki passazhira vneulichnym transportom // Transportnoe pravo. -2018. - # 3. - S. 11-14.
 
CIVIL LAW
Nokhrina M. L.
The monitoring and analysis of the case law of Russia’s Supreme Court and cassation courts of general jurisdiction: Cases in which plaintiffs sought to challenge the provisions of Federal Law № 256-FZ of 29 December 2006 “On additional government measures to support families with children”. Part 1
This article analyses the case law of Russia’s Supreme Court and cassation courts of general jurisdiction insofar as the application of Federal Law № 256-FZ of 29 December 2006 “On additional government measures to support families with children” is concerned. The article specifically focuses on cases involving the use of federal subsidies provided to families with children (“maternity (family) capital”) for acquiring residential property.
The article analyses absolutely all judicial acts by Russia’s Supreme Court which contain keywords “maternity (family) capital”. These include 118 juidicial acts made from the date on which Federal Law № 256-FZ entered into force and up to 12 March 2021.
The article also analyses absolutely all judicial acts by cassation courts which contain keywords “maternity (family) capital”. These include 672 judicial acts made from the date on which Federal Law № 256-FZ entered into force and up to 12 March 2021.
Keywords: maternity (family) capital, family with children, federal subsidies, support schemes, residential property
 
CIVIL LAW
Permyakov M. V., Khodasevich O. N., Matveev M. M.
Protection of consumer rights when selling low-quality goods
Currently, the manufacturer saves on the quality of the product. This problem greatly affects the
consumer, affects his rights, which can bring a negative sequence for the relevance of the market.
This problem can cause a significant blow and lead to a weakening of the country’s economic sector if it is not regulated, and the manufacturer is not punished for this negligence and negligence.
Moreover, it should also be noted that often the manufacturer intentionally allows violations that can be regarded not only as violations of a civil nature, but sometimes as manifestations of a criminal legal orientation.
Keywords: consumer, low-quality goods, manufacturer, protection, liability, retail purchase and
sale agreement, warranty repair, claim, causal relationship, examination, plaintiff, defendant.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zakon RF ot 7.02.1992 g. # 2300-1 «O zashhite prav potrebitelej» // SZ RF. – 1996. – # 3. – S. 1.
2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. Chasti pervaja, vtoraja, tret'ja, chetvertaja. – M.: Prospekt, 2019. – S. 6-7, 266.
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: na 2020 god. – Moskva: Izdatel'stvo AST, 2020. – S.220. – (Kodeksy i zakony).
4. Kassacionnoe opredelenie Verhovnogo suda Respubliki Burjatija ot 10.10.2011 po delu # 33-3035. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://sudact.ru/regular/doc/OozkkH6lqhgi/.
5. Postanovlenie Vos'mogo arbitrazhnogo apelljacionnogo suda ot 11 ijulja 2019 g. N 08AP-6258/19.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://ivo.garant.ru/#/document/63409418/paragraph/1:0.
 
CIVIL LAW
Rezyapova G. F.
The secret of adoption: problems of legal regulation in conditions of development of genetic technologies in the Russian Federation
The article analyses the legal regulation of the secrecy of adoption taking into account the development of genetic technologies.
Specific features of the confidentiality of adoption were identified, it was established that the legislator does not define the category of “secret adoption,” but pays attention to the adoption procedure itself. It has been established that at present, based on the position of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, it is impossible to talk about the absolute secrecy of adoption, since in the presence of certain circumstances, information about the parents of the adopted person can be disclosed to interested persons, to the extent necessary to reveal the genetic history of the family and identify biological ties. The need to improve family legislation on the secrecy of adoption in Russia has been identified.
Keywords: the secret of adoption, the rights of the adopted person, adoptive parents, the family, genetic technology, genetic information, biological parents.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konvencija o pravah rebenka. (Prinjata rezoljuciej 44/25 General'noj Assamblei ot 20 nojabrja 1989 g.).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/childcon.shtml (data obrashhenija: 30.08.2021).
2. Konstitucija RF. Prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 g. (s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 1 ijulja 2020 g.) // Rossijskaja gazeta. 25 dekabrja 1993 g. # 237.
3. Semejnyj kodeks RF ot 29 dekabrja 1995 goda # 223-FZ// Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 1996. # 1. St. 16.
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 15 nojabrja 1997 g. # 143-FZ «Ob aktah grazhdanskogo sostojanija» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 1997. # 47. St. 5340.
5. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 16 ijunja 2015 g. # 15-P «Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti polozhenij stat'i 139 Semejnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii i stat'i 47 Federal'nogo zakona «Ob aktah grazhdanskogo sostojanija» v svjazi
s zhaloboj grazhdan G.F. Grubich i T.G. Gushhinoj» //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 2015. # 26. St. 3944.
6. Postanovlenie Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 16 maja 2017 g. # 16 «O primenenii sudami zakonodatel'stva pri rassmotrenii del, svjazannyh s ustanovleniem proishozhdenija detej» // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. 2017. # 7.
7. Aktov A.A. K voprosu o tajne usynovlenija // Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj juridicheskoj akademii. 2018. # 5. S. 119-122.
8. Antonov Ju.I. Tajna usynovlenija (udocherenija) kak predmet prestuplenija, predusmotrennogo st. 155 UK RF / // Rossijskaja justicija. 2018. # 3. S. 19-21.
9. Ganzha N.V., Varencova E.V. Tajna usynovlenija: problemy i puti sovershenstvovanija // Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2019. S. 175-179.DOI 10.34216/1998-0817-2019-25-4-175-179
10. Rybalka E.A. Pravovoe polozhenie i perspektivy razvitija tajny usynovlenija v Rossii // Jurist"-Pravoved". 2018. # 4. S. 31-34.
 
CIVIL LAW
Telibekova I. M.
Questions of compulsory insurance of professional risk of medical workers (according to the results of a sociological survey)
The article presents an analysis of the results of a sociological survey among medical workers of the post-Soviet space. The author raises the problems of occupational risk of medical workers in the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic. The research examines the works of representatives of the legal and medical scientific community, as well as the provisions of the current legislation in the field of attribution of economic activity on the basis of occupational risk, as well as the provisions on mandatory insurance of medical, pharmaceutical and other employees of the state and municipal health systems whose work is associated with a threat to their life and health. The conclusion is formulated about the need to introduce professional risk insurance for medical workers into the legislation.
Keywords: civil rights, protection of law, provision of law, insurance, insurance legislation, compulsory insurance, insurance contract, professional risk of a medical worker.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 06.05.2020 g. # 313 «O predostavlenii dopolnitel'nyh strahovyh garantij otdel'nym kategorijam medicinskih rabotnikov». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo /prime/doc/73889766/.
2. Prikaz Mintruda Rossii ot 30.12.2016 # 851n «Ob utverzhdenii Klassifikacii vidov jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti po klassam professional'nogo riska». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_211247/ (data obrashhenija: 03.07.2020).
3. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 03.04.2006g. # 191 «Ob utverzhdenii perechnja dolzhnostej, podlezhashhih objazatel'nomu strahovaniju medicinskih, farmacevticheskih i inyh rabotnikov gosudarstvennoj i municipal'noj sistem zdravoohranenija, zanjatie kotoryh svjazano s ugrozoj zhizni i zdorov'ju jetih rabotnikov». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/12146055/.
4. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 15.05.2020 g. # 1272-r «O perechne zabolevanij (sindromov) ili oslozhnenij, vyzvannyh podtverzhdennoj laboratornymi metodami issledovanija novoj koronavirusnoj infekciej (COVID-19), vyzvavshih prichinenie vreda zdorov'ju otdel'nyh kategorij lic, predusmotrennyh Ukazom Prezidenta RF ot
6 maja 2020 g. # 313 «O predostavlenii dopolnitel'nyh strahovyh garantij otdel'nym kategorijam medicinskih rabotnikov», i povlekshih za soboj vremennuju netrudosposobnost', no ne privedshih k invalidnosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime /doc/73934338/.
5. Aksenenko E.V. Vyjavlenie problem i perspektiv razvitija sistemy strahovanija professional'noj otvetstvennosti medicinskih rabotnikov //Russian Journal of Economics and Law. – 2011. – # 4(20). – S. 108-114.
6. Aporevich V.N. Pravovye problemy zashhity mikrojekologicheskoj sfery medicinskogo personala // Vlast' i upravlenie na Vostoke Rossii. –2017. – # 4 (81). – S. 230-236.
7. Zavrazhskij A.V. Strahovanie kak instrument zashhity interesov medicinskih organizacij ot riskov professional'noj otvetstvennosti // Izvestija SPbGJeU. – 2018. – # 6 (114). – S. 153-157.
8. Gatijatullina L.L. Faktory, vlijajushhie na zdorov'e medicinskih rabotnikov // Kazanskij med. zh.– 2016. – # 3. – S. 426-431.
9. Gzogjan S.A., Sargsjan N.M., Susljakova O.N. Strahovanie professional'noj otvetstvennosti medicinskih rabotnikov // Innovacionnaja jekonomika: perspektivy razvitija i sovershenstvovanija.– 2018. – # 8 (34). – S. 78-83.
10. Dudinceva N.V., Vasjukova G.F., Azovskaja T.A. «Monitoring riska razvitija professional'nyh zabolevanij medicinskih rabotnikov v Samarskoj oblasti». FGBOU VO «Samarskij gosudarstvennyj medicinskij universitet» Minzdrava RF.–Gigiena, toksikologija, profpatologija: tradicii i sovremennost'. –M., 2016. –S.459-463.
11. Potapenko A.A. Problema professional'nogo riska i ohrany reproduktivnogo zdorov'ja medicinskih rabotnikov: avtoref. dis. ... dokt. med.nauk: 14.00.50. – M., 2008. – 48 s.
12. Roslaja N.A., Plotko Je.G., Lebedeva A.V. Vlijanie faktorov professional'nogo riska na sostojanie zdorov'ja medicinskih rabotnikov Sverdlovskoj oblasti // Vestnik RGMU. – 2013. – # 5-6. – S. 129-132.
13. Telibekova I.M. Strahovanie professional'nogo riska medicinskih rabotnikov kak mera pravovogo obespechenija sub"ektivnogo grazhdanskogo prava // Sbornik materialov XXXVII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Teoreticheskie aspekty jurisprudencii i voprosy pravoprimenenija». – # 7 (37). – M., Izd. «Inter-nauka», 2020. – S. 113-121.
14. Hazov M.V. Puti sovershenstvovanija upravlenija vrachebnym personalom mnogoprofil'noj medicinskoj organizacii (na primere medicinskoj organizacii sistemy FMBA Rossii): avtoref. dis. … kand. med. nauk: 14.02.03. – M., 2016. – 24 s.
15. Osnovy zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ob ohrane zdorov'ja grazhdan ot 22.07.1993 g. #5487-I (v red. ot 07.12.2011 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/10104616/8e5cab37391b571c12c39a49736d35f9/#friends.
16. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostu-pa: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/
d / 1 g L w f x 3 W Y 2 A E F l U l y x z o X - 6 a X B A s _ W c R 9 -4lXnK15roI/edit? resourcekey#gid=1935234507.
17. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://vademec.ru/news/2021/09/08/glavnyyprofpatologminzdrava-
rf-v-2021-godu-iz-za-covid-19-umerli-700-medikov/.
18. Ocenka i kontrol' riska vozdejstvija na rabotnikov zdravoohranenija virusa COVID-19. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/331725/WHO-2019-nCov-HCW_risk_assessment-2020.1-rus.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
 
CIVIL LAW
Abrosimov D. A.
Models of legal regulation of mergers and acquisitions of public joint stock companies
This article is devoted to a comparative analysis of the English and European models of legal regulation of mergers and acquisitions of public joint-stock companies, focuses on the amendments discussed in Chapter XI.1 of the Law “On Joint-Stock Companies”. Attention is drawn to some problems associated with the proposed novelties, as well as the conclusions about the prematurity of some of the proposed provisions are substantiated.
Keywords: mergers, acquisitions, models of mergers and acquisitions, voluntary offer, mandatory offer, chapter XI. 1 of the Law “On Joint-Stock Companies”.
Work bibliographic list
1. Proekt Federal'nogo zakona «O vnesenii izmenenij v glavu 4 chasti pervoj GK RF (v chasti opredelenija kontrolirujushhih i podkontrol'nyh lic i ih otvetstvennosti)» (podgotovlen Minjekonomrazvitija Rossii) (na segodnjashnij den' ne vnesen v Gosudarstvennuju Dumu RF) // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Proekt Federal'nogo zakona «O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon «Ob akcionernyh obshhestvah» i nekotorye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» (podgotovlen Minjekonomrazvitija Rossii, ID proekta 02/04/07-21/00117920) (ne vnesen v GD FS RF). Tekst zakonoproekta. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://regulation.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 17.09.2021).
3. Zakonodatel'stvo Shtata Delavjer (Obshhie polozhenija korporativnogo zakonodatel'stva). Oficial'nyj tekst normativnogo akta na anglijskom jazyke dostupen po ssylke. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://delcode.delaware.gov/title8/c001/sc09/index.html (data obrashhenija: 17.09.2021).
4. Baza dannyh EUR-Lex «Zakonodatel'stvo Evropejskogo sojuza». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.eur-lex.europa.eu.
5. Budylin S.L. Prava minoritarnyh akcionerov v korporativnom prave SShA na primere shtata Delavjer //Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – M.: Norma, 2008. – # 7.
6. Vavulin D.A. Osobennosti primenenija na praktike otdel'nyh norm glavy XI.1 Federal'nogo zakona «Ob akcionernyh obshhestvah» // Pravo i jekonomika. – 2009.– # 1.
7. Gabov A. V. Ob osnovnyh problemah primenenija pravil pogloshhenija akcionernyh obshhestv // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2007. – # 9.
8. Gomcjan S.V. Pravila pogloshhenija akcionernyh obshhestv: sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz. – M.: «Volters Kluver», 2010. – 320 s.
9. Korporativnoe pravo. Aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki / V. A. Belov [i dr.] / Pod redakciej V. A. Belova. — 2-e izd., ster. — M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2021. — S. 422-426 — (Vysshee obrazovanie). — ISBN 978-5-534-03261-1. — Tekst: jelektronnyj // JeBS Jurajt [sajt]. — [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://urait.ru/bcode/468465.
10. Popov A.E. Objazatel'noe predlozhenie: zashhita prav i interesov akcionerov pri pogloshhenii. – M.: Infotropik Media, 2012. – 224 s.
11. Stepanov D.I. O nedostatkah rossijskogo zakona o pogloshhenijah // Korporativnyj jurist. – 2006. – # 6.
 
CIVIL LAW
Telnov A. V.
The Russian Federation as a participant in defamatory civil law relations
This article considers the possibility of the Russian Federation, as a subject of civil law relations, to be a participant in defamatory relations, based on the need that has arisen at the present time – numerous cases of dissemination of information that defames the state that does not correspond to reality. The author analyzes the legal status of Russia, its legal personality, and concludes that the current civil legislation of the Russian Federation should enshrine the right of Russia to be a full-fledged subject of defamatory civil law relations, as well as the right to protect the state from possible cases of defamation.
The subject of this article is the norms of civil legislation regulating intangible benefits, the provisions of legal doctrine, judicial practice, investigating the essence of defamation and the legal status of the state as a subject of civil law, public relations in which the person affected by defamation is the Russian Federation.
The purpose of this study is to study the current state of public relations related to defamation and the civil status of Russia as a subject affected by defamation in these relations.
The methodological basis of the research is made up of general scientific and special methods, in particular, theoretical, comparativelegal, method of analysis and synthesis.
The scientific novelty of the study consists in the fact that on the basis of existing knowledge in the field of civil law science, the need for legislative definition and consolidation of the legal status of Russia as a subject of defamatory civil law relations is justified for the purposes of subsequent protection of the state from cases of defamation.
Keywords: defamation, the Russian Federation, the state, civil law relations, protection of civil rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 10.06.1994 g. # 1200 «O nekotoryh merah po obespecheniju gosudarstvennogo upravlenija jekonomikoj» // SPS «Konsul'tant pljus»
2. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 05 ijulja 2005 g. # 297-O «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby otkrytogo akcionernogo obshhestva «Central'naja telekommunikacionnaja kompanija» na narushenie konstitucionnyh prav i svobod punktom 2 stat'i 124 Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 24.02.2005 # 3 «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o zashhite chesti i dostoinstva grazhdan, a takzhe delovoj reputacii juridicheskih lic» // SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
4. Arhipov S.I. Sub"ekt prava: Teoreticheskoe issledovanie. – SPb: Izdatel'stvo R. Aslanova «Juridicheskij centr Press», 2004.
5. Braginskij M.I. Uchastie Sovetskogo gosudarstva v grazhdanskih pravootnoshenijah. - M., 1981
6. Braginskij M.I., Vitrjanskij V.V. Dogovornoe pravo: Obshhie polozhenija. – M., 1998.
7. Bratus' S.N. Juridicheskie lica v sovetskom grazhdanskom prave. – M., 1947.
8. Venediktov A.V. Organizacija gosudarstvennoj promyshlennosti v SSSR. – T. 1. – L., 1957.
9. Golubcov V.G. Rossijskaja Federacija kak sub"ekt grazhdanskogo prava. – M.: «Statut», 2019.
10. Grazhdanskoe pravo: Uchebnik v 3 t. / pod red. Ju.K.Tolstogo. - T. 1. - M., 2011.
11. Grazhdanskoe pravo: Uchebnik. T.1 / Otv. red. E.A. Suhanov. – M., 1998.
12. Grazhdanskoe pravo: Uchebnik. Ch. 1 / Pod red. A.P. Sergeeva, Ju.K. Tolstogo. – M., 1997.
13. Em V.S. Ponjatie, soderzhanie i vidy grazhdanskih pravootnoshenij // Grazhdanskoe pravo. – Uchebnik v 4 t. - T. 1 / Otv. red. E.A. Suhanov. - 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. - M., 2004. – S. 125-126.
14. Zvekov V. Uchastie Rossijskoj Federacii, sub"ektov RF, municipal'nyh obrazovanij v otnoshenijah, reguliruemyh grazhdanskim zakonodatel'stvom // Hozjajstvo i pravo. – 1998. – # 5.
15. Ioffe O.S. Sovetskoe grazhdanskoe pravo (kurs lekcij). – L., 1958.
16. Krylova E.B. Grazhdanskaja pravosub"ektnost' publichno-pravovyh obrazovanij v Rossijskoj Federacii: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2011.
17. Kutafin O.E. Rossijskaja Federacija, ee sub"ekty i municipal'nye obrazovanija kak sub"ekty grazhdanskogo prava // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2007.– # 1. – S. 46-54.
18. Ozhegov S.I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka // Pod red. dokt. filol. nauk, prof. N.Ju. Shvedovoj. – M.: Rus.jaz., 1983.
19. Potapenko S.V. Grazhdansko-pravovaja zashhita chesti, dostoinstva i delovoj reputacii ot diffamacii v SMI. – Irkutsk: Izd-vo BGU-JeP, 2008.
20. Pjatkov D.V. Uchastie Rossijskoj Federacii, sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii i municipal'nyh obrazovanij v grazhdanskih pravootnoshenijah: na primere razgranichenija publichnoj sobstvennosti.– SPb, 2003.
21. Svincova M.V. Protivodejstvie diffamacii po rossijskomu zakonodatel'stvu. – M.: Justicin-form, 2013.
22. Slepnev A.V. Gosudarstvo kak sub"ekt pravootnoshenij: dis. .. kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2009.
23. Sovetskoe grazhdanskoe pravo / Pod red. D.M. Genkina. - T. 1. – M., 1950.
24. Shershenevich G.F. Uchebnik russkogo grazhdanskogo prava (po izdaniju 1907 g.). – M., 1995.
25. Jerdelevskij A. Diffamacija // Zakonnost'. – 1998.– # 12. – S. 11.
26. Inshakova A.O., Frolova E.E., Rusakova E.P., Galkina M.V. Development of social market economy under the influence of noneconomic factors: modeling and regulation // International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy. – 2020. T. 40. – # b/n. – S. 3.
27. Inshakova A.O., Frolova E.E., Rusakova E.P., Kovalev S.I. The model of distribution of human and machine labor at intellectual production in industry 4.0 // Journal of Intellectual Capital. – 2020. T. 21. – # 4. – S. 601-622.
28. Lyrissa Lidsky (2020) Post, Robert C., The Social Foundations of Defamation Law: Reputation and the Constitution, 74 Calif. L. Rev. 691 (1986), Communication Law and Policy, 25:4, 491-496, DOI:10.1080/10811680.2020.1805975.
 
CIVIL LAW
Shvyrev G. S.
Remote mediation
This paper discusses issues related to the possibility of using remote forms of interaction between the disputing parties and the mediator in the mediation procedure. Examples of the use of online mediation in foreign countries are given. The article considers legislative initiatives that would contribute to the development of legal consolidation and the development of online dispute resolution in the Russian Federation. In the course of the study, the positive aspects of this form of conducting an alternative dispute resolution procedure with the participation of an independent mediator are revealed in comparison with its classical (offline) one. In addition, it considers the possible risks that may arise when using distance mediation. Suggestions are made for the inclusion of provisions in the legislation that allow the procedure for resolving conflicts that have arisen indirectly (at a distance) using remote technologies.
The use of methods of remote interaction of participants during the mediation procedure will be a popular way to resolve conflicts not only during the period of restrictive measures related to the spread of a new coronavirus infection, but also in the subsequent development of the information society.
Keywords: mediation, alternative dispute resolution procedure, mediator, mediator, digitalization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belikova K.M. Institucializacija mediacii //Pravo i jekonomika. - 2015. - # 8. SPS «Konsul'tantPljus»: poisk po istochniku opublikovanija.
2. Bulgakova E.V., Denisov I.S., Bulgakov V.G. Kiberpravosudie // «Administrator suda». - 2018.- # 4. - SPS «Konsul'tantPljus»: poisk po istochniku opublikovanija.
3. Informacija Mincifry Rossii ot 03.08.2021.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://digital.gov.ru/ru/events/41201/.
4. Knjazev D.V. Prinuditel'naja (objazatel'naja) mediacija v grazhdanskom processe Kanady // Tretejskij sud. - 2014. - # 5. SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus»: poisk po isto chniku opublikovanija.
5. Knjazev D.V. Reforma grazhdanskogo sudoproizvodstva v Kanade // «Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal». - 2015. - # 5. SPS «Konsul'tantPljus»:poisk po istochniku opublikovanija.
6. Nosyreva E.I. Voprosy dokazyvanija, voznikajushhie v svjazi s ispol'zovaniem primiritel'nyh procedur // «Vestnik grazhdanskogo processa». -2019. - # 1. SPS «Konsul'tantPljus»: poisk po istochniku opublikovanija.
7. Surkov A.N., Shashkina E.A., Shvyrev G.S. Mediativnaja ogovorka v dogovornyh pravootnoshenijah:problemy ispolnenija // Izvestija Jugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Istorija i pravo. - 2019. - T . 9. - # 4. - S. 44-50.
8. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa https://iz.ru/1211778/natalia-ilina/dosudebnyibesporiadok-v-rf-nabiraet-oboroty-novaia-skhemaobnalichivaniia-deneg.
9. Antonov J.V. Remote and Alternative Dispute Resolution: Electronic Mediation and Electronic Arbitration // Czech Yearbook of International Law.– 2016. - Volume VII. - Lex Lata BV, Hague. - P. 3-28.
 
LABOR LAW
Tsindyaikina K. Yu.
The law applicable to the international secondment
The article illustrates the issue of the law applicable to labour relations in cases when a Russian employer assigns his employees to work abroad as well as contains the analysis of the foreign experience on the matter. The author defends the position that the law of the country where the employee performs his employment function shall apply to the secondment relations as well as criticizes the approach stating that the choice of the applicable law shall be at the discretion of the employee and the employer.
Keywords: international employment law, international secondment, autonomy of will, employment agreement, labour migration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Jemima Coleman and Justine Reeves, Herbert Smith Freehills LLP, International Secondments: Cross-border claimants // Employment Law Journal. 2012. Aprel'. #129. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=d57a2dee-381c-4ca4-99d3-a3255d114e1a (data obrashhenija: 30.08.2021).
2. Mustafin R.F., Mustafina S.A., Miroshnik E.A. Mezhdunarodnyj trudovoj dogovor: Problemy vybora prava, avtonomija voli storon, zashhita prav i zakonnyh interesov rabotnikov // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. 2021. # 2 (194). C. 109-112.

FAMILY LAW
Ananjeva E. O., Shmaeva T. A.
Alimony legal relations: legal norms and validity
In the article, the authors consider the norms of domestic legislation regulating issues related to the alimony obligations of parents in relation to minor children. In addition, the work touches upon issues related to the participation of a foreign element and the nonenforcement of decisions of the courts of the Russian Federation by foreign states, namely, the collection and transfer of monetary amounts from the income of a parent living separately from the child. The authors also offer possible solutions to issues related to alimony obligations on the territory of Russia, to resolve problems arising in connection with the collection of alimony, and to protect the rights of
minors according to the norms of domestic legislation.
Keywords: alimony legal relations, family legislation, protection of the rights of minors, recovery, debtor, parents
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O minimal'nom razmere oplaty truda» ot 19.06.2000 # 82-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_27572/ (data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021).
2. Alimenty na detej v 2021 godu. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://alimentoved.ru/alimenty-v-2021-godu/ (data obrashhenija: 18.07.2021).
3. Kakaja pomoshh' polozhena bezhencam ot rossijskogo gosudarstva. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://migranty.info/posobiya-dlya-bezhencevi-pereselencev-v-rossii-summa/ (data obrashhenija:1.08.2021).
4. Perechen' poruchenij po itogam rasshirennogo zasedanija prezidiuma Gosudarstvennogo soveta. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/assignments/orders/64273 (data obrashhenija:18.07.2021).
5. Real'naja statistika brakov i razvodov v Rossii do 2021 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ugkk.ru/brak-i-razvod/statistika-razvodov.html (data obrashhenija: 14.07.2021).
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Asadov A. M.
Budget discipline in the system of financial law:mechanism and instruments affecting its effectiveness
The article deals with the concept and essence of the budget discipline, its theoretical positions, analyzes the views on the basis of the budget discipline, determines the place of the budget discipline in the system of financial law. The author studied the mechanism of budget discipline and instruments, which influence on it, gave answers to the questions: how much influence the internal control has on the budget discipline; how much effective management influences the budget discipline; thirdly, how much influence the quality of financial information has on the budget discipline.
Keywords: financial law, budget discipline, mechanism, tools, effective management, internal control, financial information.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bjudzhetnoe pravo: Ucheb. posobie / Pod red. Nikitina A.M. - M.: JuNITI-DANA, Zakon i pravo, 2018.- 235 s.
2. Levina V.V. Bjudzhetnaja sistema RF: Uchebnik. - Rn/D:Feniks, 2019. - 112 c.
3. Malinovskaja O.V., Skobeleva I.P., Brovkina A.V. Finansy: uchebnoe posobie. - M.: KnoRus, 2018. - 369 s
4. Mihajlenko M.N. Finansovye rynki i instituty:uchebnik dlja vuzov. - M. :Jurajt, 2020. - 336 s.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Kravchenko N. A.
To the question of the specifics of the proceedings in administrative cases on challenging decisions, actions (inaction) of tax authorities and their officials
The article analyzes and reveals examples of judicial practice in challenging decisions, actions (inaction) of tax authorities and their officials, as well as analyzes the features of the judicial procedure for protecting the rights of taxpayers in the Russian Federation. In the course of the study, it was revealed that the violation of the essential conditions of the audit procedure by the tax authority does not automatically entail the recognition of the decision of the tax authority as illegal, and the taxpayer is not exempt from liability for violating the tax legislation.
Keywords: administrative proceedings, tax liability, administrative liability, appeal.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konvencija o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod ETS # 005 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva. – 1998.– # 20. – St. 2143.
2. Arbitrazhnyj processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 24.07.2002 # 95-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2002. – # 30. – St. 3012.
3. Kodeks administrativnogo sudoproizvodstva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 08.03.2015 # 21-FZ (s izm. i dop.) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. –2015. – # 10. – St. 1391.
4. Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. Chast' 1: Federal'nyj zakon ot 31 ijulja 1998 g. # 146-FZ //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii.– 1998. – # 31. – St. 3824.
5. O praktike rassmotrenija sudami del ob osparivanii normativnyh pravovyh aktov i aktov, soderzhashhih raz"jasnenija zakonodatel'stva i obladajushhih normativnymi svojstvami: Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 25.12.2018 # 50 // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. – # 2. – fevral', 2019.
6. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii # 1 2020 (utv. Prezidiumom Verhovnogo Suda RF 10.06.2020) // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. – 2020.– # 10.
7. O praktike rassmotrenija sudami del ob osparivanii normativnyh pravovyh aktov i aktov, soderzhashhih raz"jasnenija zakonodatel'stva i obladajushhih normativnymi svojstvami: Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 25.12.2018 # 50 // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. – 2019. – # 2.
8. Berestnev M. A. Nekotorye problemy osparivanija nalogoplatel'shhikami nenormativnyh aktov i dejstvij (bezdejstvij) nalogovyh organov v arbitrazhnom sude // Izvestija TulGU. Jekonomicheskie i juridicheskie nauki. 2012. # 1-2.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/nekotorye-problemyosparivaniya-
nalogoplatelschikami-nenormativnyhaktov-i-deystviy-bezdeystviy-nalogovyh-organov-varbitrazhnom-sude (data obrashhenija: 31.05.2021).
9. Zaripov V. M. Obzhalovanie raz"jasnenij finansovyh i nalogovyh organov: voprosy podvedomstvennosti i podsudnosti // Nalogoved. – 2015.– # 1. – S. 51-55.
10. Caculina E.I. Proizvodstvo po delam ob osparivanii nenormativnyh aktov i dejstvij (bezdejstvija) nalogovyh organov v arbitrazhnyh sudah pervoj instancii: 12.00.15 - Grazhdanskij process;arbitrazhnyj process: avtoreferat dissertacii… kandidata juridicheskih nauk / tema dissertacii i avtoreferata po VAK RF, kandidat juridicheskih nauk; Saratovskaja gosudarstvennaja akademija prava.– Saratov, 205. – 31 s.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Siratov V. B.
Problems of implementing the principle of independence of the Central bank of Russia
The author analyzes the constitutional and legal status of the Central Bank of Russia, determined by the principle of independence.
In addition, the article examines the principle of independence of the Central Bank of Russia, which is the main element determining the legal status of the bank. The main components and guarantees of the legal independence of the Central Bank of Russia are defined. A number of problems arising in determining the principle of independence are identified by studying the factors that have a direct impact on its implementation.
Keywords: independence, functions and powers of the bank, interaction with state authorities, average degree of independence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Druzhinin D.N. Realizacija principa nezavisimosti Central'nogo banka Rossii // Nauchnyj jelektronnyj zhurnal Meridian. - 2020. - # 2 (36). - S. 306-308.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Asadov B. M.
Anti-competitive agreements and their impact on the financial system of the state
An increasing number of violations of the antimonopoly legislation in the economy are committed with the help of anticompetitive agreements, which are used by business entities to provide competitive advantages. The issue of combating anticompetitive agreements is relevant today in Russia. The article explores the concept, signs and characteristics of anticompetitive agreements and their impact on the financial system of the state.
Keywords: financial system, anticompetitive agreements, competition, anticompetitive activity, business entity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O zashhite konkurencii» ot26.07.2006 # 135-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus 2021.
2. Komarov A.V., Labusov M.V. Antimonopol'noe regulirovanie na sovremennom jetape: problemy i perspektivy // Nauchnye zapiski molodyh issledovatelej. - 2018. - # 6. - S. 16-21.
3. Neujmin Ju.V. Soglashenija i soglasovannye dejstvija sub"ektov predprinimatel'stva, zapreshhennye antimonopol'nym // Juzhno-Ural'skij juridicheskij vestnik. - 2020. - # 12/13 (5/6). - S. 76-82.
4. Pisenko K.A., Badmaev B.G., Kazarjan K.V. Antimonopol'noe (konkurentnoe) pravo: uchebnik. - M.: PRAVO, 2018. - 144 s.
5. Tatarinova S.S. Pravovaja priroda vertikal'nyh soglashenij na tovarnom rynke // Osnovy jekonomiki, upravlenija i prava. - 2017. - # 6. - S. 135-151.
6. Jusupova G.F. Problemy protivodejstvija ogranichivajushhim konkurenciju soglashenijam v rossijskoj antimonopol'noj praktike // Molodoj uchenyj. - 2017. - # 27. - S. 61-68.
 
ENTREPRENEURIAL LAW
Kurinova Ya. I.
Questions of the application of methodological tools for assessing the state of the regional entrepreneurial ecosystem
The article analyzes the issues of applying methodological tools for assessing the state of the regional entrepreneurial ecosystem. The focus of the study is on understanding the essence and significance of the ecosystem approach for the development of entrepreneurship, understanding the fact that an integral part of the entrepreneurial ecosystem is the ecosystem of support for SMEs. To improve the existing assessment tools, it is proposed to assess the potential and interests of participants in the ecosystem being formed to support their needs in the context of this regional entrepreneurial ecosystem.
Keywords: tools, regional business system, support measures, small business, medium business.
Work bibliographic list
1. Analiz razvitija predprinimatel'skoj jekosistemy Nizhegorodskogo regiona // Bibliofond. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.bibliofond.ru.
2. Baburin V.L., Zemcov S.P. Predprinimatel'skie jekosistemy v regionah Rossii // Regional'nye issledovanija. - 2019. - # 2. - S. 4-14.
3. Kojefficienty rozhdaemosti Rossijskoj Federacii za period 2005-2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://rosstat.gov.ru/.
4. Nacional'nyj proekt «Maloe i srednee predprinimatel'stvo i podderzhka individual'noj predprinimatel'skoj iniciativy». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.economy.gov.ru/material/directions/nacionalnyy_proekt_maloe_i_srednee_predprinimatelstvo_i_podderzhka_individualnoy_predprinimatelskoy_iniciativy/.
5. Sektor malogo i srednego predprinimatel'stva:Rossija i Mir // Institut jekonomicheskogo rosta im. Stolypina P.A. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://stolypin.institute.
6. Solodilova N.Z., Malikov R.I., Grishin K.E. Metodicheskij instrumentarij ocenki sostojanija regional'noj predprinimatel'skoj jekosistemy // Jekonomika regiona. - 2018. - # 4. - S. 1256-1269.
7. Garnsey E., Heffernan P. High technology clustering through spin out and attraction // The Cambridge case. Regional Studies. - 2005. - # 39 (8). - S. 1127-1144.
8. Stangler D., Bell-Masterson J. (2015) Measuring an entrepreneurial ecosystems. Kaufmann Foundation.

INSURANCE LAW
Telibekova I. M.
Foreign experience of legal regulation of insurance
The article considers the experience of legal regulation of insurance in countries belonging to different legal systems. The author has studied the points of view of scientists and researchers, as well as the main regulatory legal acts in the field of insurance of foreign countries. A brief description of the legislative regulation of insurance in the countries of the Anglo-Saxon, Romano-Germanic and Muslim legal systems is given. The distinctive features of the legal regulation of insurance in foreign countries of different legal systems from the legal regulation in the Russian Federation are given.
Keywords: insurance, types of insurance, forms of insurance, legal regulation, insurance legislation, foreign countries, legal system.
Work bibliographic list
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2. Korean Law Information Center. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.law.go.kr/eng/engLsSc.do?menuId=2&section=lawNm&query=insurance&x=21&y=29#AJAX.
3. Magnus Rydberg, Joonas Myllynen. Insurance and reinsurance in Sweden. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=46730a7f-e5d8-4387-813e-621e4424c54a.
4. Nawal binti Kasim, Syed Ahmed Salman. The Religious Perspective of Takaful as Ethical Insurance //Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. – 2016. – #7 (4). – S. 96-104. DOI: 10.5901 / mjss.2016.v7n4p96. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305272225_The_Religious_Perspective_of_Takaful_as_Ethical _Insurance.
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25. Vafin F.R. Osobennosti instituta strahovanija vislamskom prave: obshheteoreticheskie voprosy //Obrazovanie i pravo. – 2021. – # 3. – S. 434-437.
26. Grazhdanskij kodeks Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki ot 28.12.1999 g. # 779-IQ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=30420111#pos=7045;-54.
27. Grazhdanskij kodeks Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki ot 05.01.1998 g. # 1. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ruru/5/70?cl=ru-ru#56.
28. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Belarus' ot 07.12.1998 g. # 218-Z. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://pravo.by/document/?guid=3871&p0=hk9800218.
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30. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Moldova. Kniga tret'ja ot 06.0.2002 g. # 1107-XV. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://continentonline.com/Document/?doc_id=30397914#pos=7593;-56.
31. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Tadzhikistan (Chast' vtoraja) ot 11.12.1999 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhimdostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=30447953#pos=2857;-34.
32. Grazhdanskij kodeks Respubliki Uzbekistan ot 29.08.1996 g. # 256-I. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lex.uz/docs/180550#193136.
33. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' vtoraja) ot 26.01.1996 g. # 14-FZ. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ document/cons_doc_LAW_9027/f97fa76d258f4b035ab80b1e8926c01fa436807d/.
34. Grazhdanskij kodeks Turkmenistana ot 17.07.1998g. # 294-I. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31295232#pos=4032;-54.
35. Guruleva O.S., Dugarova M.V., Jakovenko E.A. Strahovoj rynok Japonii. Korporacija strahovanija depozitov v Japonii // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2018. – # 2(188). – S. 175-178.
36. Dushkina A.A. Strahovoe regulirovanie v Rossii i za rubezhom // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2020. – # 2 (292).– S. 112-114.
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CRIMINAL LAW
Ardavov M. M., Taova L. Y.
Mitigating and aggravating circumstances as a criminal category
The author in the content of the article examines the features of mitigating and aggravating circumstances of punishment, as a criminal legal category. An analysis of the criteria for mitigating punishment makes it possible to say that there are no clearly delimited legal circumstances, only the court decides by individualization. Aggravating circumstances have a clear definition and do not allow to go beyond the legal act. The author concludes that it is necessary to examine in detail the special circumstances of the sentence.
Keywords: mitigating, circumstances, aggravating, punishment, criminal assault.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) (s izm. i dop.,vstup. v silu s 22.08.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». – Zagl. S jekrana.
2. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 22.12.2015 # 58 (red. ot 18.12.2018) «O praktike naznachenija sudami Rossijskoj Federacii ugolovnogo nakazanija». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». – Zagl. s jekrana.
3. Kuznecov A. P. Obstojatel'stva, otjagchajushhie nakazanie // Penitenciarnaja nauka. Pravo. - 2019.–# 2 – S. 153-161.
4. Men'shikova A. G. Obstojatel'stva, smjagchajushhie nakazanie // Viktimologija. Pravo. - 2020. –# 3 (25) –S. 48-52.
5. Tihonov V. I. Otjagchajushhie i smjagchajushhie nakazanie obstojatel'stva, harakterizujushhie sub"ektivnye priznaki prestupnogo povedenija // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Serija «Jekonomika i pravo». Pravo. - 2019. –# 5 – S. 681-685.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Aripshev A. M.
Official boundary (Law enforcement practice under Article 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – abuse of official authority)
In this article, the author examines a number of problems of law enforcement practice under Article 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, which are associated with the personality of the criminal and the peculiarity of his legal status, since a person representing state (municipal) authorities has a special legal status. This state of affairs, sometimes, allows the criminal to avoid responsibility and cause serious harm to the interests of the service and undermine the authority in the eyes of the population, which are associated with serious consequences (significant property damage, serious harm to health, death of a person). According to the author, the tightening of the limits of responsibility not only for the commission of this type of crime, but also for the irresponsible investigation of criminal acts with the connivance of controlling officials, should lead to noticeable results and reduce crime among officials of various levels.
Keywords: abuse of authority, abuse of authority, Article 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kommentarij k st. 286 Ugolovnogo kodeksa RF.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ukrfkod.ru/statja-286/ (data obrashhenija: 11.09.2021 g.)
2. Perejti dolzhnostnoj rubezh: kogda osudjat za prevyshenie polnomochij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://pravo.ru/story/224645/ (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2021 g.).
3. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 16 oktjabrja 2009 g. # 19 «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o zloupotreblenii dolzhnostnymi polnomochijami i o prevyshenii dolzhnostnyh polnomochij». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2009/10/30/postanovlenie-vs-dok.html (data obrashhenija:11.09.2021 g.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Bogdanov A. V.
Criminal liability as a type of legal liability: concept, content and features
In this article, criminal liability is considered from the position of a variety of legal liability, as a basic element of the Russian legal system. The range of scientific views on the essence and content of criminal liability is determined, its normative legal consolidation in the current criminal law of Russia is considered, a comparative legal analysis of criminal liability with other types of legal liability is carried out.
On the basis of the conducted research, the author’s definition of criminal liability is formulated, its content is disclosed and the features that distinguish criminal liability from other types of legal liability are identified.
Keywords: legal responsibility, criminal law, corpus delicti, criminal liability, crime, subject of crime, punishment, offense.
Work bibliographic list
1. Tihomirov Ju.A. Pravo: nacional'noe, mezhdunarodnoe, sravnitel'noe // Gosudarstvo i pravo. 1999. # 8. S. 5-12.
2. Gal'perina P.L. Ponjatie pravovoj sistemy v kontekste teorii pravovogo autopojezisa // Pravovedenie. 2005. # 6. S. 160-179.
3. Senjakin I.N. Sistema prava i sistema zakonodatel'stva // Obshhaja teorija gosudarstva i prava. Akademicheskij kurs: v 3-h t. T. 2. / Pod red. M.N. Marchenko. M.: Izd-vo Zercalo, 2001. 518 s.
4. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: ucheb. dlja jurid. vuzov i fak. / [Arhipov S.I., Korel'skij V.M., Leushin V.I. i dr.; Otv. Red. V.M. Korel'skij, V.D. Perevalov].M.: Izd-vo INFRA-M: Norma, 1997. 558 s.
5. Samoshhenko I.S., Farukshin M.H. Otvetstvennost' po sovetskomu zakonodatel'stvu. M.: Izd-vo Jurid. lit, 1971. 240 s.
6. Obshhaja teorija prava i gosudarstva: uchebnik / pod red. prof. V.V. Lazareva. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: Izd-vo Jurist", 1996. 472 s.
7. Ozhegov S.I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka. M., 1989. 856 s.
8. Tarbagaev A.N. Ponjatie i celi ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti. Krasnojarsk: Izd-vo Krojanojar. un-ta, 1986. 120 s.
9. Eleonskij A.A. Ugolovnoe nakazanie: edinstvo retrospektivnoj i pozitivnoj otvetstvennosti // Voprosy otvetstvennosti i nakazanija v svete reshenij XXVI s"ezda KPSS: Sb. nauch. tr. Rjazan': Izd-vo RVSh MVD SSSR, 1982. S.72-84.
10. Chugaev A.P. Osnovy differenciacii otvetstvennosti i individualizacii nakazanija. Krasnodar: Izd-vo Kuban. gos. un-t, 1985. 74 s.
11. Astemirov Z.A. Ugolovnaja otvetstvennosti i nakazanie nesovershennoletnih. M.: Izd-vo Vyssh. Shkola MVD SSSR, 1970. 125 s.
12. Kudrjavcev V.N. Sub"ektivnye jelementy otvetstvennosti // Voprosy bor'by s prestupnost'ju. Vypusk 34. M.: Izd-vo Jurid. lit, 1981. S. 3-8.
13. Naumov A.V. Rossijskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Obshhaja chast'. Kurs lekcij. M.: Izd-vo Bek, 1996. 550 s.
14. Ugolovnoe pravo. Obshhaja chast'. Uchebnik dlja juridicheskih institutov i fakul'tetov // Pod. red. B.V. Zdravomyslova. Ju.A. Krasikova, A.I. Raroga. M.:Izd-vo Manuskript, 1992. 461 s.
15. Kozachenko N.Ja. Sankcii za prestuplenija protiv zhizni i zdorov'ja: obuslovlennost', struktura, funkcii, vidy / Pod red. M.I. Kovaleva; Sverdlov. jurid. in-t im. R.A. Rudenko. Tomsk: Izd-vo Tom. un-ta, 1987. 231 s.
16. Sovetskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Obshhaja chast'. M.: Izd-vo MGU, 1988. 361 s.
17. Sovetskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Chast' Obshhaja. Uchebnik/ Zdravomyslov B.V., Gel'der M.A., Grishaev P.I. i dr. M.: Izd-vo Jurid. lit., 1982. 440 s.
18. Santalov A.I. Teoreticheskie voprosy ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti. L.: Izd-vo LGU, 1982. 97 s.
19. Kurs sovetskogo ugolovnogo prava / Pod. red. N.A. Beljaeva i M.D. Shargorodskogo, t. 5. L.: Izd-vo Leningr. un-ta, 1981. 648 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Buraeva L. A., Kurashinova A. K., Voyloshnikov O. D.
The most dangerous technologies of the future used by scammers in the global information space
In the article, the authors consider new principles and features of committing cyber attacks caused by the emergence of new technologies. The features of the most dangerous technology of
the future “Deepfake” used by attackers, which allows for realistic manipulation of audio and video materials using the capabilities of artificial intelligence, are analyzed. The factors that influenced the expansion of the range of cyber attacks, including the introduction of technologies into industry, the creation of resources for shared access with cloud infrastructures, the introduction of insecure technologies, are presented. It is noted that the problems of cybersecurity require a qualitatively new approach, integrated solutions to ensure digital security in cyberspace.
Keywords: cybersecurity, cyber threats, cyber attacks, new technologies, fraud, global information space, the Internet, “Deepfake” technology.
Work bibliographic list
1. V MVD nazvali nastorazhivajushhie faktory v telefonnom razgovore s moshennikami. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.m24.ru/news/bezopasnost/ 20082021/178879 (data obrashhenija: 27.08.2021).
2. Gauzhaeva V.A., Buraeva L.A., Kardanov R.R. Sushhnost' i rol' kriminalisticheskoj tehniki, kak razdela kriminalistiki v bor'be s prestupnost'ju: istorija i sovremennost' // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. - 2017. – # 4.– S. 138-140.
3. Dadova Z.I., Buraeva L.A. K voprosu o protivodejstvii fejkovoj informacii v social'nyh setjah // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve.- 2019. – # 6. – S. 246-249.
4. Moshenniki poddelyvajut golosa direktorov firm, chtoby ukrast' den'gi so schetov. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://vologda-poisk.ru/news/kriminal/moshennikipoddelyvayut-golosa-direktorov-firm-chtobyukrast-dengi-so-schetov (data obrashhenija:25.06.2021).
5. Ostorozhno: dipfejki! [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://pravo.ru/story/215937/?mob_tv_1= (data obrashhenija: 20.05.2021).
6. Sistemnye riski i ugrozy bezopasnosti kiberprostranstva blizhajshego budushhego. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.anti-malware.ru/ analytics/Threats_Analysis /Future-cyberspace-security-threats (data obrashhenija: 20.05.2021).
7. Telefonnye moshenniki pridumali novuju ulovku dlja obmana rossijan. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20210820/m o s h e n n i k i - 1 7 4 6 4 8 3 7 9 4 . h t m l ? u t m _ s o u r c e =yxnews&utm_medium=desktop (data obrashhenija:20.05.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Dulenko V. A., Bronfman B. E.
Actual problems of observance of the rights of a citizen during the investigation of a criminal case
Practice shows that in criminal proceedings, in order to achieve the desired result, namely, obtaining evidence, one way or another one has to deal with the rights of a citizen, which in no case should be violated. It is at this moment that the person conducting the investigation has a choice, either to act within the framework of the law, but sometimes in this case there is a possibility of loss of evidence, or to violate the human rights established by the constitution. This article examines investigative actions during the production of which the rights of a citizen may be violated.
Keywords: preliminary investigation, search, criminal procedure, inspection of the scene, interrogation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Blinova E. V. Obespechenie nerazglashenija dannyh predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija v dejatel'nosti policii // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2012. - # 5. - S. 120-123.
2. Gabzalilov V. F. Obespechenie prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina v hode osushhestvlenija operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2016. - # 3 (94). - S. 168.
3. Lonshhakova A. R., Vasil'chenko A. V. Osobennosti normativnogo regulirovanija doprosa podozrevaemogo (obvinjaemogo) v ugolovno- processual'nom zakone // Vestnik Ufimskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2016. - # 1. - S. 53.
4. Rossijskaja Federacija. Zakony. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: UPK: tekst s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami na 20 aprelja 2018goda: [prinjat Gosudarstvennoj dumoj 22 nojabrja 2001 goda: odobren Sovetom Federacii 5 dekabrja 2001 goda]. - M.: Prospekt, 2018. - 325 s. (Aktual'noe zakonodatel'stvo). – 7000 jekz. – ISBN 978-5-392-28232-6. – Tekst: neposredstvennyj.
5. Rossijskaja Federacija. Zakony. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: UK: tekst s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami na 1 avgusta 2017 goda: [prinjat Gosudarstvennoj dumoj 24 maja 1996 goda: odobren Sovetom Federacii 5 ijunja 1996 goda]. - M.: Jeksmo, 2017. -350 s.; 20 sm. – (Aktual'noe zakonodatel'stvo). – 3000jekz. - ISBN 978-5-04-004029-2. – Tekst: neposredstvennyj.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Zhurtov A. B., Ashhotova L. A., Kodzokov B. V.
Legal aspects of the investigation of criminal cases against minors, ways of their development
Today, special attention in modern Russia is paid to the younger generation, that is, children who are the mainstay of the country’s future and the proper upbringing of children is the key to a strong state. This is confirmed by the fact that the basic law of the country -the Constitution of the Russian Federation establishes that children are the most important priority of state policy and taking care of children is a priority. In addition, the current Code of Criminal Procedure has a separate chapter devoted to the specifics of the investigation of criminal cases against minors, since due to their age they sometimes cannot realize that they have committed a criminally punishable act and protect their rights during the investigation of a criminal case. In this article, we will try to consider in detail the features of the investigation of criminal cases against minors, its differences from the investigation of other criminal cases and possible ways to improve the effectiveness of the investigation of criminal cases of this category.
Keywords: minor, criminal procedure law, investigations, criminally punishable acts, public danger.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks RF ot 18 dekabrja 2001 g. # 174-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 24 dekabrja 2001 g. 3 52 (chast'I) st. 4921, v «Parlamentskoj gazete» ot 22, 25, 26 dekabrja 2001 g. - S. 14.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks RF ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 17 ijunja 1996 g. # 25 st. 2954.
3. Mel'nikova Je.B. Kak uberech' podrostka ot konflikta s zakonom: sovety jurista / Tekst. – M., 1998.
4. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 1 fevralja 2011 g. # 1 g. Moskva «O sudebnoj praktike primenenija zakonodatel'stva, reglamentirujushhego osobennosti ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti i nakazanija nesovershennoletnih».
5. Sumnikov V.V. Problemy rassledovanija prestuplenij nesovershennoletnih na sovremennom jetape // Sovremennoe obshhestvo i pravo. – 2015. – # 3(20). – S. 44-51.
6. Taktika doprosa nesovershennoletnih / S.V. Kuznecov, T.S. Kobcova. – M., 2004.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Zorina N. S.
Causes of juvenile delinquency and preventive measures in modern conditions
This article discusses the reasons for the criminal behavior of minors. The process of peculiarities of psychopathic, intellectual and moral development of minors is analyzed. Also, attention is paid to working with minors and their parents, who are characterized by a number of features. Some preventive measures are proposed that would have a positive impact on eliminating the causes that contribute to the growth of juvenile delinquency. The article focuses on the formation of moral values of adolescents, on the reasons leading to the commission of crimes.
Keywords: juvenile delinquency, criminological study, causes of crime, crime factor, minor, teenager.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zubkova V.I. Ugolovnoe nakazanie i ego social'naja rol': teorija i praktika. – M., 2002.
2. Materialy k zasedaniju komissii po delam nesovershennoletnih i zashhite ih prav Belgorodskoj oblasti. – Belgorod, 2015. – S. 9-10.
3. Sovershenstvovanie mehanizmov mezhvedomstvennogo vzaimodejstvija sub"ektov sistemy profilaktiki i organizacii individual'no profilakticheskoj raboty s nesovershennoletnimi, osuzhdennymi k nakazanijam i inym meram ugolovno-pravovogo haraktera bez lishenija svobody v ramkah realizacii podprogrammy Belgorodskoj oblasti «Veter peremen». – Belgorod, 2010. - S. 20-21.
4. Shhepel'kov V.F. Ugolovnyj zakon: preodolenie protivorechij i nepolnoty. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2003. – 416 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Ismailov A. E.
Historical development and the role of internal affairs bodies in the system of prevention of offenses by minors
The article reveals the concept of a mechanism for the protection of subjective rights in the unity of the system of legal means, with the help of which the restoration of violated subjective rights, the protection of legally protected interests, the resolution of legal disputes and the elimination of other obstacles in the implementation of subjective rights is ensured. The main elements of such a mechanism are protective norms of law, protective legal relations and forms of protection of subjective rights in the aggregate within the country in accordance with the Law on Supreme Law. Regulatory norms of law control the positive behavior of subjects of public relations, and their negative behavior - protective norms. Interaction between members of society is the result of violation of these rights. The content of the protective legal relationship is a material protective subjective right aimed at protecting the victim to demand from the offender the restoration of his rights. The court is not a subject of material protective legal relations. The algorithm of the stages of the protective legal relationship is as follows: initial development, concretization, implementation. The transition of a protective legal relationship from one stage to another occurs with the help of the actions of the participants or bodies themselves. These actions are carried out within the framework of civil law in the form of protecting their subjective rights. All forms of protection are divided into local (disagreements, conflicts, disputes) and legal (legal system for protecting rights). Judicial form of protection is a type of legal form of protection of rights.
Keywords: protection of subjective rights, protective norms, protective legal relations, methods of protection, organizational and legal forms, protection mechanism, legal regulation, forms of protection.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konvencija o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod o t 04.11.1950 (s izmenenijami vnesennymi Protokolom # 11 o t 11.05.1994) // SZ RF. 08.01.2001. # 2. St. 163.
2. Vseobshhaja deklaracija prav cheloveka . [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/declhr/ (data obrashhenija: 8.05.2017).
3. O ratifikacii Konvencii o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod i Protokolov k nej: fed. zakon ot 30.03.1998 # 54-FZ (v red. o t 30.03.1998) // SZRF. 20.02.1998. # 14. St. 1514. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/.
4. O b uchastii grazhdan v ohrane obshhestvennogo porjadka : fed. zakon ot 02.04.2014 # 14-FZ (v red. Ot 31.05.15 // SZ RF. 02.04.2014. # 14. St. 1536. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/
5. O policii: fed. zakon ot 07.02.2011. # 3-FZ (v red. ot 09.12.2016 ) // SZ RF.-14.02.2011. # 7. St. 900.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/.
6. Aktual'nye problemy sobljudenija prav lichnosti v pravoohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del // Sbornik materialov vse rossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii . 2011. 30.06.-01.07.
7. Zubach A . V., Kokorev A . N. Administrativnaja dejatel'nost' organov vnutrennih de l: v voprosah i otvetah. M.: Statut, 2005.
8. Lazarev V.V. Izbrannye trudy . V 3-h tomah. T. 1: Zakon. Zakonnost'. Primenenie Zakona . M., 2010.
9. Lukashuk I .I . Mezhdunarodnoe pravo . M.: Jurist", 2001. 450 s.
10. Lutoshkin G.Ju. , Lutoshkina T.V. Metodika rassledovanija prestuplenij, sovershennyh nesovershennoletnimi. M.: MVD Rossii. Departament kadrovogo obespechenija, 2006.
11. Jacenko V.V. Konstitucionnoe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii: Uchebnoe posobie. Kursk: KGTU, 2009.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kashirgov A. H., Kodzokova L. A.
On the issue of the problems of bringing to administrative responsibility for propaganda of symbols of extremist organizations
At present, effective counteraction to extremism is one of the most important areas of activity of the authorities of the Russian Federation. A significant increase in crimes related to extremist orientation creates serious threats to the stability of the state. Within the framework of this study, it is necessary to pay special attention to one of the offenses of an extremist orientation – propaganda or public display of symbols of extremist organizations (Article 20.3 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation).
Keywords: extremism, criminal liability, nazi symbols, administrative offense, extremist organization, federal law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Svodnye statisticheskie svedenija o dejatel'nosti federal'nyh sudov obshhej jurisdikcii i mirovyh sudej za 2020 god: # 1-AP «Otchet o rabote sudov obshhej jurisdikcii po rassmotreniju del ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/userimages/sudebnaya_statistika/2021/F2-svod-vse_sudy-2020.xls (data obrashhenija: 08.05.2021).
2. Sundiev I. Ju. Informacionnye tehnologii v jekstremistskoj dejatel'nosti molodezhnyh ob"edinenij // Nauchnyj portal MVD Rossii. - 2010. - # 2.- S. 16.
3. KoAP RF Stat'ja 20.3. Propaganda libo publichnoe demonstrirovanie nacistskoj atributiki ili simvoliki, libo atributiki ili simvoliki jekstremistskih organizacij, libo inyh atributiki ili simvoliki, propaganda libo publichnoe demonstrirovanie kotoryh zapreshheny federal'nymi zakonami. - S. 100-103.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kovalenko E. V.
The legal status and powers of the defender in terms of providing evidence in a criminal case
A defender is a person who protects the rights and interests of suspects and accused persons in accordance with the procedure provided for by the criminal procedure legislation, and provides them with legal assistance in criminal proceedings. The author analyzes the powers of the defender within the framework of ensuring the right to defense, and concludes that there is no procedural procedure for performing actions to collect evidence by a defense lawyer.
Keywords: the right to defense, the defender, the powers of the defender, the collection of evidence, the conclusion of a specialist as evidence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arsen'ev V.D. Voprosy obshhej teorii sudebnyh dokazatel'stv. - M.: Izdatel'stvo: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1964.
2. Advokatam obeshhajut pomoshh' chastnyh detektivov.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.ng.ru/politics/2019-12-03/3_7742_lawyer.html(data obrashhenija: 14.03.2020).
3. VS dobavil zashhitnikam bol'she vesa. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.advstreet.ru/columns/vs-pridal-zashchitnikam-bolshe-vesa/ (data obrashhenija: 12.03.2020).
4. Derishev Ju. V. Dokazatel'stva i dokazyvanie. Ugolovnyj process: v 2 ch. Ch. 1: uchebnik dlja vuzov / Pod red. B. B. Bulatova, A. M. Baranova. 6-e izd., pererab. i dop. - M.: Jurajt, 2017.
5. Kruglikova D. A. Dokazatel'stva v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. - 2019. - # 1-2.
6. Kornukov V. M. Konfliktnost' interesov v rossijskom ugolovno-processual'nom prave s pozicii ego istoricheskogo razvitija // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. - 2014. - # 4. - S. 600.
7. Larin A. M. Rabota sledovatelja s dokazatel'stvami.- M.: Izvestija, 1966.
8. Strogovich M.S. Kurs sovetskogo ugolovnogo processa: Osnovnye polozhenija nauki sovetskogo ugolovnogo processa. T. 1. - M.: Nauka, 1968. - S. 302.
9. Shejfer S.A. Sledstvennye dejstvija. Sistema i processual'naja forma. - M.: Izdatel'stvo: Jurlitinform, 1981.
10. Shejfer S.A. Sledstvennye dejstvija. Sistema i processual'naja forma. - M.: Izdatel'stvo: Jurlitinform, 1981.
11. Harzinova V.M. Zashhitnik v ugolovnom processe, ego vzaimootnoshenija s podozrevaemym, obvinjaemym // Biznes v zakone. - 2014. - # 2. - S. 258-260.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Nekrasov M. A., Kozachenko B. P., Belov V. I.
Some aspects of the realization of human and civil rights and freedoms in the implementation of mandatory state genomic registration of persons serving criminal sentences
Currently, the state uses genetic information for the free and safe life of an individual in society. Most of the leading countries of the world have fixed the mandatory compulsory genetic registration of citizens who have committed serious crimes, which indicates the need to develop a new model for restricting human and civil rights and freedoms due to the transfer of the information received to state data banks for further use in law enforcement activities.
Keywords: mandatory state genomic registration, collection, storage, access and protection of personal data, human and civil rights and freedoms, genetic fingerprinting, convicts serving criminal sentences.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konvencija o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod (zakljuchena v g. Rime 04.11.1950) // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2001. # 2. St. 163.
2. O gosudarstvennoj genomnoj registracii v Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. zakon ot 3 dekabrja 2008 g. # 242-FZ // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2008. # 49. St. 5740.
3. Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o porjadke provedenija objazatel'noj gosudarstvennoj genomnoj registracii lic, osuzhdennyh i otbyvajushhih nakazanie v vide lishenija svobody: postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Ros. Federacii ot 11 oktjabrja 2011 g. # 828 //
Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. 2011. # 42. St. 5926.
4. Postanovlenie Bol'shoj Palaty Evropejskogo Suda ot 4 dekabrja 2008 goda (zhaloba # 30562/04 i 30566/044) «S. i Marper protiv Soedinennogo Korolevstva [S. and Marperv. the United Kingdom]» //Problemy biojetiki v svete sudebnoj praktiki Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka: otchet o provedenii issledovanija. 2016. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.echr.coe.int/documents/research_report_bioethics_rus.pdf (data obrashhenija:23.08.2021).
5. Vseobshhaja deklaracija o genome cheloveka i pravah cheloveka (prinjata 11 nojabrja 1997 g. na 29-oj sessii General'noj konferencii JuNESKO) // Dokument opublikovan ne byl. Istochnik — SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
6. Mezhdunarodnaja deklaracija o geneticheskih dannyh cheloveka. (Prinjata rezoljuciej General'noj konferencii JuNESKO po dokladu Komissii III na 20-m plenarnom zasedanii 16 oktjabrja 2003 goda).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/genome_dec.shtml (data obrashhenija: 24.05.2021).
7. Korovski Ju. Na volosok ot tjur'my: novyj sposob identifikacii lichnosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://22century.ru/allsorts/32986(data obrashhenija: 13.08.2021).
8. Lokk D. Dva traktata o pravlenii // Lokk Dzh. Sochinenija: V 3 t. T. 3. M.: Mysl', 1988. 405 s.
9. Perepechina I. O. Jeffektivnost' DNK-analiza pri raskrytii i rassledovanii prestuplenij //Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2017. # 2. S. 80-81.
10. Barbara B. Hagerty, Can Your Genes Make You Murder? Nat’l Pub. Radio, July 1, 2010. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=128043329 (data obrashhenija: 25.08.2021).
11. Genetics, law enforcement and crime // Personal Genetics Education Project. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://pged.org/genetics-and-crime(data obrashhenija: 24.05.2021).
12. Ilan Dar-Nimrod & Steven J. Heine, Genetic Essentialism: On the Deceptive Determinism of DNA, 137 Psychol. Bull. 800, 803 (2011).
13. Maryland v. King, 569 U.S. 435 (2013). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.courtlistener.com/opinion/873669/maryland-v-king/ (data obrashhenija: 24.05.2021).
14. Stammler R. Die Lehre von dem richtigen Rechte. Berlin, 1902. 647 p.
15. Tiihonen J., Rautiainen M., Ollila H. et al. Genetic background of extreme violent behavior. Mol Psychiatry 20, 786–792 (2015). // URL : https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2014.130 (data obrashhenija : 24.05.2021).
16. Wertz J et al. «Genetics and Crime: Integrating New Genomic Discoveries Into Psychological Research About Antisocial Behavior». Psychological science vol. 29,5 (2018): 791-803. doi:10.1177/0956797617744542 (data obrashhenija : 24.05.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Permyakov M. V., Khodasevich O. N., Baleevskikh F. V.
Crimes in the economic sphere
Recently, the economy of our country has experienced its own recessions and ups, which caused negative or positive consequences. But one thing remained unchanged - these are crimes in the economic sphere. The economic cluster has always been of particular interest to the criminal spheres of society. Thus, almost all economic areas, up to the specially protected ones, have been and are being influenced by criminality to one degree or another.
However, due to the rapid pace of development of the level of public relations, as well as methods of communication, this area is regularly subject to transformations, including in the direction of digitalization of interaction and, accordingly, ensuring information security of this industry.
Keywords: economy, crimes in economic activity, public relations, damage, entrepreneurial sphere, illegal business, unemployment, criminal environment, polarization of society, consciousness, sanctions, fraud, forgery, scam.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 05.04.2021, s izm. Ot 08.04.2021) glava 22.
2. Sajt General'noj prokuratury RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://crimestat.ru/
3. Postanovlenie ESPCh ot 14.01.2014 «Delo «Ojala i kompanija «Jetukeno Oj» (Ojala and Etukeno Oy) protiv Finljandii» (zhaloba # 69939/10). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/71386458/.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Rostovtseva A. M.
Criminal prosecutions of persons committing a crime in respect to minors
The article deals with crimes that are committed against minors, since this particular circle of people is currently the most unprotected in society. In this regard, children under the age of eighteen become victims of various criminal attacks. The legislation establishes more than ten types of crimes against minors, the article considers only a part of them. In addition, this article analyzes the responsibility for such crimes. This paper proposes additions and changes to the current legislation. The main problems in this area are identified and ways to solve them are proposed.
Keywords: minor, crime, responsibility, encroachment, rights, freedom.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abrokov S.I. Obshhestvennaja opasnost' prestuplenij protiv sem'i i nesovershennoletnih // Pravovoj vestnik. – 2019. – # 3. – S. 40-44.
2. Kameneva A.N. K voprosu ob usilenii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti za prestuplenija protiv polovoj neprikosnovennosti nesovershennoletnih // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2019. – # 3.– S. 162-168.
3. Krasovskaja, O.Ju. K voprosu ob usilenii otvetstvennosti za neispolnenie objazannostej po vospitaniju nesovershennoletnego, soedinennoe s zhestokim obrashheniem s nim // Nauchnyj zhurnal. – 2020.– # 3. – S. 43-49.
4. Batyshheva I.V. Zhestokoe obrashhenie s nesovershennoletnim: voprosy kvalifikacii // Zhurnal Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii.- 2016. –Vypusk # 1 (36) – S. 52-53.
5. Nabajcev, S.P. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika lichnosti poterpevshih ot seksual'nyh posjagatel'stv na maloletnih i nesovershennoletnih // Ugolovno–pravovaja statistika. – 2019. – # 2. – S. 12-14.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Smirnova I. N., Minaeva I. S.
Organizational aspects of the prevention of repeated crimes of convicted persons without deprivation of liberty in the framework of joint work of criminal enforcement inspections and internal affairs bodies
The article reveals the problem of organizational support for the joint work of criminal enforcement inspections and internal affairs bodies to prevent repeated crimes by convicted persons without deprivation of liberty. Based on the results of a survey of employees of criminal enforcement inspections and an analysis of practice materials, organizational measures are proposed aimed at improving the efficiency of joint work of different departments in preventing repeated crime of registered persons.
Keywords: criminal enforcement inspection, internal affairs bodies, convicted person without isolation from society, information and analytical support of joint interdepartmental law enforcement activities, organization of crime prevention of registered persons.
Work bibliographic list
1. O vnesenii izmenenij v Reglament vzaimodejstvija FSIN Rossii i MVD Rossii po preduprezhdeniju sovershenija licami, sostojashhimi na uchete ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij, prestuplenij i drugih pravonarushenij, utverzhdennyj prikazom Minjusta Rossii, MVD Rossii ot 4 oktjabrja 2012 g. # 190/912 : prikaz Ministerstva justicii Rossijskoj Federacii, Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii ot 20 janvarja 2017 g. # 2/22. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://publication.pravo.gov.ru(data obrashhenija: 05.08.2021).
2. Ob utverzhdenii Reglamenta vzaimodejstvija FSIN Rossii i MVD Rossii po preduprezhdeniju sovershenija licami, sostojashhimi na uchete ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij, prestuplenij i drugih pravonarushenij: prikaz Minjusta Rossii i MVD Rossii ot 4 oktjabrja 2012 g. # 190/912 // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2012.– 26 oktjabrja.
3. Korobkova E.A. Ob itogah raboty ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij i ispravitel'nyh centrov FSIN Rossii i zadachah na predstojashhij period // Sbornik materialov VIII Vserossijskogo soveshhanija rukovoditelej ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij, ispravitel'nyh centrov i podrazdelenij po kontrolju za ispolneniem nakazanij, ne svjazannyh s izoljaciej osuzhdennyh ot obshhestva, territorial'nyh organov
FSIN Rossii (29-31 maja 2019 g.). – M., 2019. – S. 5-12.
4. Smirnova I.N., Shherbakov A.V. Organizacionno-pravovye osnovy obespechenii ja bezopasnosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii:monografija. – Pskov: Pskovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, pskovskij filial Akademii FSIN Rossii, 2020. – 184 s.
5. Smirnova I.N., Minaeva I.S. Organizacionno-pravovye osnovy pravoohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti v sfere vzaimodejstvija ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij i organov vnutrennih del: monografija. – Pskov: pskovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2018. – 136 s.
6. Chestno i dobrosovestno sluzhit' Zakonu i narodu! (interv'ju s nachal'nikom UOINIO FSIN Rossii E.A. Korobkovoj) // Vedomosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. – 2019. – # 5. – S. 3-14.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Stupina S. A.
On the question of the selfish purpose of embezzlement
Based on the analysis of the current criminal legislation, law enforcement practice and doctrinal understanding of the essence of self-interest, the content of a selfish goal is considered as a mandatory sign of theft. According to the author, the modern legislative definition of the subjective side of the composition of theft needs to be adjusted taking into account the orientation of the actions of the perpetrator to extract property benefits for himself or others.
Keywords: embezzlement, corpus delicti, selfish purpose, selfish interest, selfish motives, property benefit.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prigovor Central'nogo rajonnogo suda g. Kemerovo ot 04.04.2019 / Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Kemerovskogo oblastnogo suda ot 26.11.2019 po delu # 33-12498/2019(2-1040/2019) // SPS «Konsul'tan-Pljus».
2. Borzenkov G. Priznaki hishhenija v sostave vymogatel'stva // Zakonnost'. – 2010. – # 4 // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Esakov G.A. Korystnaja cel' v hishhenii i novoe postanovlenie Plenuma o sudebnoj praktike po delam o moshennichestve // Ugolovnoe pravo. – 2018. – # 1.
4. “Kommersant"” ot 05.12.2018. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3820788 (data obrashhenija: 07.09.2021).
5. Petrov S.A. Korystnaja cel' v hishhenijah // Zakonnost'. – 2017. – # 9.
6. Skljarov S.V. Vina i motivy prestupnogo povedenija. – SPb., 2004.
7. Hiljuta V.V. Korystnaja cel' v hishhenii: sushhestvujut li predely rasshiritel'nogo tolkovanija? // Lex russica (Russkij zakon). – 2020. – # 4 (161). – S. 93-102.
8. Jani P.S. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda o kvalifikacii moshennichestva, prisvoenija i rastraty: umysel, korystnaja cel', special'nyj sub"ekt // Zakonnost'. – 2008. – # 5.
9. Jani P.S. Koryst' kak priznak hishhenija // Zakonnost'. – 2019. – # 2; 3.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Trofimtseva S. Yu.
The objective side of the crime under Art. 274.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation: inaccuracies and contradictions in criminal regulation
The article analyzes the issues related to the specification of the disposition of Article 274.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian. The objects of proof are highlighted in parts 1-3 of Article 274.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Deficiencies in the formulation of the disposition of the article in question are revealed. Proposals are being formulated to amend the Criminal Code of the RF.
Keywords: computer crimes, critical information infrastructure (CII) of Russia, criminal code.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bell D. Social'nye ramki informacionnogo obshhestva // Novaja tehnokraticheskaja volna na Zapade. − M.,1986.
2. Luneev V. Prestupnost' XX veka: mirovye, regional'nye i rossijskie tendencii. − M.: Volters Kluver, 2005. − 912 s. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.igpran.ru/public/publiconsite/luneev_prestupnost_in_russia.pdf (data obrashhenija:
23.08.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Umarov A. Z., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
Legal regulation of punishments for crimes committed by officials in the sphere of economic activity
This article discusses the problems arising in connection with the implementation of legal regulation of punishments for crimes committed by officials in the field of economic activity. The main purpose of the study is to study the problematic aspects in the application and regulation of punishments for crimes committed by officials using their official position. The conducted research led to the development of a set of proposals involving amendments and additions to the law “on corruption”, through the activation of the Commission’s activities in the implementation of anti-corruption expertise of normative legal acts.
Keywords: corruption, punishment, officials, crimes, anti-corruption expertise.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ahmedhanova S.T. Faktory, vlijajushhie na opredelenie porjadka i predelov naznachenija nakazanija po sovokupnosti prestuplenij // Evrazijskij Juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 8 (135). – S. 167-170.
2. Grazhdancev I.V. Korrupcionnoe prestuplenie v sfere gosudarstvennyh zakupok: ponjatie, mesto v sisteme dolzhnostnyh prestuplenij i klassifikacija // Sbornik I Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Voprosy formirovanija i problemy realizacii nacional'noj tehnologicheskoj iniciativy v regionah. – 2019. – S. 36-40.
3. Margushova Ju.V., Timofeeva O.V. Psihologija dolzhnostnyh prestuplenij: faktory, sposobstvujushhie soversheniju dolzhnostnyh prestuplenij, i ih preduprezhdenie // Sbornik materialov VI mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Aktual'nye problemy juridicheskoj nauki i pravoprimenitel'noj praktiki. – 2016. – S. 380-384.
4. Shapovalova Ju.N. Sub"ekty dolzhnostnyh prestuplenij i prestuplenij protiv interesov sluzhby v kommercheskih i inyh organizacijah // Materialy Pervogo Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-prosvetitel'skogo foruma.– 2018. – S. 361-366.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Sheigasanov Sh. I., Akhmedkhanova S. T.
Problematic issues of classification of crimes provided for by chapter 23 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and prospects for its development
A group of normative acts united in Chapter 23 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation has acquired a special significance and place in the modern process of systematization of the criminal legislation of our state. This chapter regulates issues related to the procedure for bringing to criminal responsibility for crimes against the interests of the service in commercial and structures and organizations. In the course of the research, we analyzed the procedure for the implementation of the classification process of norms that encroach on the procedure for the implementation of a free form of commercial activity in various structures and organizations.
Keywords: crime, classification, legal entity, commercial organization, norms, legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ahmedhanova S.T. Obshhaja harakteristika sistemy nakazanij // Evrazijskij Juridicheskij zhurnal. -2020. - # 1 (140). - S. 259-260.
2. Bezverhov A.G., Jelekina S.V. «Zloupotreblenie doveriem» v rossijskom i nemeckom prave: istoriko-pravovoj ocherk // Zakonodatel'stvo. - 2018. - #9. - S. 75–86.
3. Golovnenkov P.V. Ugolovnoe ulozhenie (Ugolovnyj kodeks) Federativnoj Respubliki Germanija: nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij i perevod teksta zakona / P. V. Golovnenkov – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop.- M.: Prospekt, 2017. - 312 s.
4. Hiljuta V.V. Predely avtonomnosti ugolovnogo prava // Lex russica. - 2019. - # 4. - S. 117-128.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Aripshev A. M.
Modern problems of cyberterrorism and current methods of combating crimes in the field of IT technologies during the COVID-19 pandemic
In this article, the author examines the problems of one of the most painful topics of our time – cyberterrorism. The modern world community has faced this problem along with the advent of information technologies, and the rapidly developing IT industry and the digitalization of society have only given a powerful impetus to its development. The fight against crimes on the Internet and the most dangerous category – cyberterrorism, is one of the fundamental directions in ensuring the national security of states, especially during the turbulent period of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Keywords: cyberterrorism, Internet, IT technologies, cyber terror, fighting crime, cyberterrorism during the CОVID-19 pandemic, cyberpandemia, phishing.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii» ot 27.07.2006 # 149-FZ.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «o personal'nyh dannyh» ot 27.07.2006 # 152-FZ.
3. Vosstanie mashin. Novaja ugroza – kiberpandemija– mozhet unichtozhit' cifrovye tehnologii i obrushit' mirovuju jekonomiku // Rossijskaja gazeta. –Federal'nyj vypusk # 143(8197). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2020/07/02/chto-takoe-kiberpandemiia-i-pochemu-ona-mozhetobrushit-mirovuiu-ekonomiku.html (data obrashhenija: 03.09.2021 g.).
4. Global'nye problemy kiberbezopasnosti i mezhdunarodnye iniciativy Rossii po bor'be s kiberprestupnost'ju. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://russiancouncil.ru/analytics-and-comments/comments/statya-ministrainostrannykh-del-rossiyskoy-federatsii-s-v-lavrovaglobalnye-problemy-kiberbezopasno/ (data obrashhenija: 07.09.2021 g.).
5. Chattaev A. R. K voprosu o pravovom regulirovanii protivodejstvija kiberterrorizmu v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2016. – # 8 (99).
6. Collin B. The Future of Cyberterrorism // Crime & Justice International Journal. – 1997. – Vol. 13. – Vyp. 2.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kodzokov B. V.
Problems of combating illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and their precursors, as well as problems that arise when detecting the illegal sale of narcotic drugs and their precursors
Illegal drug trafficking is one of the most dangerous and widespread acts for society. Nowadays, with the development of the pharmacological and chemical industries, methods of manufacturing synthetic narcotic drugs have also begun to develop, the composition of which is changed, thereby removing such narcotic drugs from the list of prohibited narcotic substances, which causes their completely legal distribution. However, such narcotic substances do not cease to be dangerous for the life and health of people, both for the consumers themselves and for others. Based on the harmful effects on the human body, narcotic substances are a great public danger, and the fight against it is one of the priority tasks of the law enforcement agencies of the Russian Federation.
This article attempts to identify emerging problematic positions in the fight against illicit drug trafficking, as well as problems that arise when detecting the illegal sale of narcotic drugs and their precursors.
Keywords: narcotic drugs, illegal sale, public danger, crime, law enforcement practice.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks RF ot 18 dekabrja 2001 g. # 174-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 24 dekabrja 2001 g. 3 52 (chast' I) st. 4921, v «Parlamentskoj gazete» ot 22, 25, 26 dekabrja 2001 g. - S. 14.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks RF ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 17 ijunja 1996 g. - # 25. - St. 2954. - St.st. 241-242, 243-244, 245, 264.1.
3. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 29.12.2007 #964 «Ob utverzhdenii spiskov sil'nodejstvujushhih i jadovityh veshhestv dlja celej stat'i 234 i drugih statej ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii, a takzhe krupnogo razmera sil'nodejstvujushhih veshhestv, dlja celej stat'i 234 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii».
4. Ivancova N.V. Ugolovno-pravovaja i kriminologicheskaja harakteristika prestuplenij, sovershaemyh licami, otvetstvennymi za sobljudenie special'nyh pravil v sfere oborota narkoticheskih sredstv i psihotropnyh veshhestv. Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - SPb., 2001.
5. Ljubavina M.A. Ugolovno-pravovoe protivodejstvie nezakonnomu oborotu narkoticheskih sredstv i psihotropnyh veshhestv (chasti 1-4 st. 228 UK RF). Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - SPb., 2000.
6. Shhagapsoev Z.L., Kardanov R.R. Informacionno-analiticheskoe obespechenie raskrytija i rassledovanija prestuplenij // Sudebnaja jekspertiza. - 2014.- # 1 (37). - S. 84-91.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kumysheva M. K., Shigalugova M. H.
Combating corruption as one of the most important tasks of the state
The authors in this article consider the problems of combating corruption in the state from the point of view of existing practice and scientific justification of mechanisms and methods of combating it. Considering its spread unacceptable and harmful for the modern state, the need to counteract any of its manifestations at all levels of government, where there are administrative and administrative relations, is noted. At the same time, an important role should be played by regulatory and supervisory bodies, including law enforcement agencies, endowed with appropriate powers.
Keywords: corruption, anti-corruption, regulatory and supervisory authorities, prosecutor’s office, investigative committee.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 17.01.1992 # 2202-1 (red. Ot 01.07.2021 g.) «O prokurature Rossijskoj Federacii».
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 28.12.2010 # 403-FZ (red. Ot 01.07.2021 g.) «O Sledstvennom komitete Rossijskoj Federacii»
3. Andrichenko L.V., Beljaeva O.A., Vasil'ev V.I. i dr. Protivodejstvie korrupcii v sub"ektah Rossijskoj Federacii: nauchno-prakticheskoe posobie(pod red. T. Ja. Habrievoj; red. kollegija L.V. Andrichenko, E.I. Spektor, A.M. Cirin), 2014. [Jelektron-
nyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/57568190/ (data obrashhenija: 01.08.2021 g.).
4. Grin'ko S. D. Problemy protivodejstvija korrupcii v pravoohranitel'nyh organah // Severo-Kavkazskij juridicheskij vestnik. - 2019. - # 4. - S. 148-153.
5. Interv'ju Predsedatelja Sledstvennogo komiteta Rossijskoj Federacii Aleksandra Bastrykina «Rossijskoj gazete». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sledcom.ru/press/interview/item/1428330/?print=1 (data obrashhenija: 01.08.2021 g.).
6. Kabanov P.A. Ponjatie i soderzhanie antikorrupcionnoj propagandy kak pravovoj kategorii v rossijskom regional'nom antikorrupcionnom zakonodatel'stve // Administrativnoe i municipal'noe pravo. - 2013. - # 9. - S. 878.
7. Mohov E.A. Korrupcija: sostojanie protivodejstvija i napravlenija optimizacii bor'by. Pod redakciej professora Dolgovoj A. I. - M.: Rossijskaja kriminologicheskaja associacija, 2015. - S. 189-194.
8. Padenie Zapadnoj Rimskoj imperii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5_%D0%97%D0%B0%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%B4%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B9_%D0%A0%D0%B8%D0%BC%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B9_%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%BF%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B8 (data obrashhenija: 01.08.2021 g.).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kovalenko E. V.
Refusal to initiate a criminal case
Refusal to initiate a criminal case is the initial stage of criminal proceedings. Only the competent authority can make a decision to refuse to initiate a criminal case and only after checking the report of a crime that has already been committed or is just being prepared.
The article provides the grounds for refusing to initiate a criminal case, and also discloses their summary. The grounds for refusing to initiate a criminal case are fixed in the criminal legislation. In the article, articles of the Criminal Code were given to each ground.
Keywords: criminal case, stage, grounds, crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. O edinom uchete prestuplenij: prikaz Genprokuratury Rossii # 39, MVD Rossii # 1070, MChS Rossii # 1021, Minjusta Rossii # 253, FSB Rossii # 780, Minjekonomrazvitija Rossii # 353, FSKN Rossii # 399 ot 29.12.2005 // SPS «Konsul'tant pljus».
2. Po rezul'tatam proverki prokuratury Voroshilovskogo rajona g. Rostova-na-Donu vozbuzhdeno ugolovnoe delo v otnoshenii policejskogo, ukryvshego prestuplenie. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://www.prokuror-rostov.ru/news/11043.html (data obrashhenija: 22.07.2021).
3. Amirov K.F., Sedov A.N. Zakonnost' processual'nyh reshenij, svjazannyh s otkazom v vozbuzhdenii ugolovnogo dela po nereabilitirujushhim osnovanijam // Nauchnyj Tatarstan. - 2013. - # 2.- S. 145–147.
4. Barshev Ja.I. Osnovanija ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva, s primeneniem k rossijskomu ugolovnomu sudoproizvodstvu. - SPb.: tip. 2 otd-nija Sobstv.e. i. vel. kanceljarii, 1841.
5. Vlasova N.A. K voprosu ob uprazdnenii stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela // Ugolovnyj process: ot proshlogo k budushhemu: materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Ch. 2. - M.: Akad. SK Rossii, 2014. - S. 98-99.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Kurdukov A. N.
Prospects for decriminalization of terrorist crimes committed by non-violent means
The policy of decriminalization of acts of various directions, in the last few years, has been a priority direction of the Russian criminal law policy. An obvious factor in the decriminalization of acts is the absence of a high degree of public danger of the committed acts. There are numerous debates in the scientific community about whether it is worth decriminalizing individual crimes of a terrorist nature, which in fact do not carry the threat that is traditionally carried by acts that provide for criminal liability. Such crimes of a terrorist nature include
crimes of a terrorist nature committed by non-violent means. Supporters of the policy of decriminalizing terrorist crimes committed by nonviolent means justify their position by the disproportionality of responsibility (criminal liability) with the severity of the acts and the method of committing crimes, and give examples of too severe punishments for individuals who, despite the fact that they expressed their opinion about terrorism, but never had anything to do with it. Opponents of the position of decriminalization of certain crimes of a terrorist nature, on the contrary, advocate tougher penalties for such crimes, regardless of the method of their commission.
At the same time, in modern scientific sources, the problems of terrorist crimes committed by non-violent means are not seen to be sufficiently deeply studied, including from the position of their social conditionality, which is the subject of scientific discussions about the possibility of decriminalization of this type of crime
Keywords: crimes of a terrorist nature, non-violent way of committing a crime, decriminalization of acts, the identity of the criminal, psychological problems.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev S.L., Salimzjanova R.R. Kriminologija. –Kazan': Akademija social'nogo obrazovanija, 2013.
2. Gradusova M.M. Ugolovno-pravovoj analiz motivacii prestuplenija v jetnoreligioznom terrorizme// Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.– 2011. – # 352. – S. 124.
3. Zhurnalista osudili za opravdanie terrorizma.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gazeta.ru/social/2020/07/06/13142563.shtml (data obrashhenija: 05.09.2021 g.).
4. Lebedev M.V. Nacional'naja bezopasnost' kak osnovnoj ob"ekt prestuplenij terroristicheskoj napravlennosti // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2021.– # 1. – S. 40-44.
5. Lyzhenkov A. Protivodejstvie terrorizmu v regione OBSE // Mezhdunarodnaja zhizn'. – 2017. – # 5.– S. 30-43.
6. Nikitina N.A., Chashhina I.A. K voprosu o profilaktike kriminal'noj subkul'tury v molodezhnoj srede // Juridicheskaja psihologija. – 2019.– #4. – S. 35-40.
7. Ol'shanskij D.V. Psihologija terrorizma. – SPb.: Piter, 2002.
8. Rodin A.V. Prichiny sovremennogo terrorizma //Vestnik nauki i obrazovanija. – 2019. – # 10-4 (64).– S. 104-108.
9. Chufarovskij Ju.V. Terrorizm. Osobennosti mezhdunarodnogo protivodejstvija. – M.: Centr strategicheskoj kon"junktury, 2014.
10. Jampol'skaja L.N. Koncepcija dzhihada v islamskoj tradicii // Pskovskij voenno-istoricheskij vestnik. – 2015. – # 1. – S. 183-188.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Rasulov R. M., Radjabov Sh. R.
Criminal law crimes in the Russian Federation
The article deals with the problems of criminal law support of taxation in the Russian Federation.
Tax legislation is a set of legal norms that regulate tax legal relations. Responsibility for violation of tax legislation is a necessary element in the structure of legal regulation of public relations arising in this environment.
The state forms legislation throughout its entire historical development. The tax industry is no exception. Over the past decade, the tax policy of the Russian Federation has developed very unstable. This has led to numerous adoption of new legal acts, as well as to a significant number of amendments and changes in legislation. But this does not exclude gaps in the field of taxation.
Keywords: taxation, criminal liability, tax policy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nalogovyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja)” ot 31.07.1998 # 146-FZ (red. ot 20.04.2021) (data obrashhenija: 25.06.2021).
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 25.06.2021).
3. Dorogin D.A., Filippova K.I. Obstojatel'stva, iskljuchajushhie ugolovnuju otvetstvennost' za uklonenie ot uplaty nalogov // Izvestija Jugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija Istorija i pravo. - 2014. - # 3. - S. 65.
4. Tjutin D.V. Nalogovyj kontrol', otvetstvennost' i zashhita prav nalogoplatel'shhikov: monografija. -M., 2014. - S. 7.
5. Futo S.R. O dostatochnosti polnomochij policii v nalogovoj sfere po Federal'nomu zakonu «O policii» i perspektivah sozdanija Finansovoj policii // Administrativnoe pravo i process. - 2012. - # 11.
6. Havanova I.A. Nalogovye pravonarushenija i prestuplenija: modeli vozbuzhdenija presledovanija i osobennosti proizvodstva // Finansovoe pravo. -2015. - # 2. - S. 23.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Amirchanova A. Sh., Gasanova Z. G.
Actual problems of classification of participants in criminal proceedings and the court in criminal proceedings
The author of the article gives a general description of the concept of “participant in criminal proceedings” and reveals in detail the classifications of courts in criminal proceedings. The article deals with the problems of classification of participants in criminal proceedings and the court in criminal proceedings. In addition, the article discusses some examples of atypical classification of participants in criminal proceedings and their significance for the science of criminal procedure and practice. The author notes a critical assessment of various variants of classification of participants in criminal proceedings, depending on their procedural functions and conditions of involvement in procedural activities.
Keywords: law, process, court, party, subject, criminal code, law and obligations, the natural person, legal person, authority.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bagautdinov F., Vasin A. Ugolovnoe presledovanie i pravozashhitnaja funkcija suda // Rossijskaja justicija. — 2018. — # 8. — S. 26-30.
2. Vasil'eva A.V. Processual'noe polozhenie svidetelja v ugolovnom processe // Pravovaja zashhita chastnyh i publichnyh interesov: sbornik statej mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii studentov i molodyh uchenyh, posvjashhennoj pamjati vydajushhegosja rossijskogo advokata F.N. Plevako (1842-1908), 19-20 aprelja 2013 goda. — Cheljabinsk: Poligraf-Master, 2014. — S. 241-243.
3. Gucenko K.F. Ponjatie i klassifikacija uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva. — M.: IKD «Zercalo-M», 2018. — 829 s.
4. Mazjuk R.V. Processual'nye interesy uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Sibirskie ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie chtenija. — 2017. — # 4 (18). — S. 78-83.
5. Medvedeva N.S. Processual'noe polozhenie i praktika dejatel'nosti zashhitnika v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Sud'ja. — 2018. — # 8. — S. 221-223.
6. Semencov V.A. O sovershenstvovanii processual'nogo statusa poterpevshego v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve Rossii // Voprosy pravovedenija.— 2018. — # 5. — S. 197-221.
7. Uporova T.D. Pravovoj mehanizm dejatel'nosti advokata – zashhitnika v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Vestnik Tjumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. — 2017. — # 7. — S. 61-63.
8. Himicheva O.V. Uchastniki ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Ugolovno-processual'noe pravo(Ugolovnyj process) / Pod red. G.P. Himichevoj, O.V. Himichevoj. — M.: JuNITI-DANA; Zakon i pravo, 2008. — 769 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Arslanova A. R., Kangezov M. R.
Issues of improving the process of inspection of the accident site and inspection of the corpse
The article analyzes the procedure for conducting an investigative examination, coupled with the examination of a corpse. Errors made by the persons conducting the investigation during the inspection of the scene are identified, and recommendations are formulated to improve the efficiency of the investigative actions under consideration.
Keywords: inspection of the scene, examination of the corpse, investigative examination, expert, investigator, protocol.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aver'janova T.V., Belkin R.S., Koruhov Ju.G., Rossijskaja E.R. Kriminalistika: Uchebnik dlja vuzov. Pod red. R.S. Belkina. – M.: Norma Infra M, 1999.
2. Sledstvennye dejstvija. Kriminalisticheskie rekomendacii / Pod red. V.A. Obrazcova. – M.: Jurist", 2001.
3. Spravochnaja kniga kriminalista. Kollektiv avtorov NII problem ukreplenija zakonnosti i pravoporjadka General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii / Otv. red. N.A. Selivanov. – M.: Izd. NORMA, 2001. – S. 727
4. Jakimov I.N. Kriminalistika. Rukovodstvo po ugolovnoj tehnike i taktike. – Novoe izd. perepech. S izd 1925 g. – M.: LeksJekst, 2003. – 496 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Aleksandrov A. N., Arhiptsev I. N., Krasnenko Yu. V.
On the question of implementation of the language principle in criminal proceedings of the Russian Federation at the stage of preliminary investigation
This article examines theoretical as well as practical issues related to the principle of the language of criminal proceedings, as well as its implementation both at the pre-trial and judicial
stages of the criminal process. Criteria for determining the degree of language proficiency are proposed, as well as a list of documents confirming the fact of proficiency in Russian. Criminal cases in violation of this principle are considered, as well as typical investigative situations, and ways of solving the problems arising in this case related to the language of legal proceedings are proposed.
Keywords: criminal procedure, Russian language, translator, petition, foreign citizen, preliminary investigation, trial.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj Zakon ot 01.06.2005 # 53 FZ (red ot 05.05.2014) «O gosudarstvennom jazyke Rossijskoj Federacii» / SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 14.11.2002 # 1325 (red. Ot 06.10.2020) «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o porjadke rassmotrenija voprosov grazhdanstva Rossijskoj Federacii» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 12.10.2020)/ SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
3. Prikaz Ministerstva obrazovanija i nauki RF ot 1 aprelja 2014 g. # 255 «Ob utverzhdenii urovnej vladenija russkim jazykom kak inostrannym jazykom i trebovanij k nim» / SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
4. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 20.06.2006 # 243-O «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanina Cherepovskogo Mihaila Vasil'evicha na narushenie ego konstitucionnyh prav chast'ju vtoroj stat'i 18 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» / SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
5. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po ugolovnym delam Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 18 dekabrja 2014 g. # 18-APU14-58 / SPS Konsul'tant Pljus.
6. Aleksandrova O.I. Ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie osobennosti vozbuzhdenija i rassledovanija ugolovnyh del s uchastiem inostrannyh grazhdan: Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.09. – M.,2001. – 202 s.
7. Bezlepkin B. T. Kommentarij k Ugolovno-processual'nomu kodeksu Rossijskij Federacii: (postatejnyj): s izm. i dop. - 6-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.:KnoRus, 2007. – 656 s.
8. Pimonov B.V. Obespechenie prava podozrevaemogo (obvinjaemogo) na ispol'zovanie pomoshhi perevodchika // Juridicheskaja nauka i pravoohranitel'naja praktika. – 2018. – # 1 (43). – S. 31-38.
9. Sulyma T.A. Soderzhanie principa jazyka ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva i aktual'nye problemy ego realizacii // Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. – 2017. – # 4-4. – S. 94-96.
10. Shvec S.V. Mehanizm realizacii principa jazyka ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija. – 2014. – # 8. – S. 162-164.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Babichev A. G., Khakimova E. R.
Improvement of the institute of the abbreviated form of inquiry
The scientific article contains an analysis of some problems that arise during the application of the inquiry in an abbreviated form, the problems of legal regulation and the terms of the abbreviated form of inquiry, as well as its time limits. The ways of solving these problems are proposed.
Keywords: forms of preliminary investigation, abbreviated form of inquiry, suspect, terms of the
abbreviated form of inquiry, reasonable time, the process of proof.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nagaev E.A. Uproshhennoe proizvodstvo: ot protokol'noj formy dosudebnoj podgotovki materialov k doznaniju v sokrashhennoj forme // Problemy predvaritel'nogo sledstvija i doznanija: sb. nauchn. Trudov # 23 po materialam mezhvedomstvennogo seminara-soveshhanija «Organy doznanija sistemy MVD Rossii v uslovijah reformirovanija ugolovno-processual'nogo zakonodatel'stva». M., 2014. S. 57-60.
2. Balovina I.V., Hakimova Je.R. Nekotorye problemy sokrashhennoj formy proizvodstva doznanija // Sovremennye problemy ugolovnogo processa: puti reshenija: sbornik materialov 2-j Mezhdunarodnoj konferencii. Ufa: Ufimskij JuI MVD Rossii, 2021. S. 286-290.
3. Rzaev Je.I., Safihanova A.H. Doznanie v sokrashhennoj forme v sisteme dosudebnogo proizvodstva //Znanie. 2018. # 2-2 (54). S. 63-68.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Kashirgov A. H., Semenov E. A.
Some issues of countering crimes committed using IT technologies
Mechanisms for countering crimes committed using IT technologies should correspond to modern realities, and therefore, special attention should be paid to the development of information and digital literacy of the population in order to prevent the spread of this type of illegal acts. Given the significant difficulties of detecting and investigating such crimes, it seems necessary to focus special attention on effective ways to prevent and prevent them.
Keywords: information technologies, Internet, IT technologies, Internet banking, gadget, computer information.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 27.07.2006 # 149-FZ (red. Ot 09.03.2021) «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 20.03.2021) / Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF/.
2. Gavrilov M.V., Klimov V.A. Informatika i informacionnye tehnologii: Uchebnik. - Ljubercy:Jurajt, 2016. - 383 c.
3. Daneljan T.Ja., Kvjatkovskij A.V. Informacionnye tehnologii v sfere jurisprudencii. - M.: Lenand, 2017. - 104 c.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Kornelyuk O. V., Konovalova E. A.
Basic methodological concepts of domestic criminal process
The article discusses theoretical issues of the essence of legitimate interests in the criminal process, their relationship with the concept of law. The author refers to the domestic legal doctrine regarding the understanding of the goal and objectives of criminal proceedings. Various opinions of scientists are analyzed, the author’s opinion on the problem under study is expressed.
Keywords: Criminal procedure, legitimate interests, law, protection and protection of the person, the victim, the accused, the truth in the criminal process, the goal and objectives of criminal proceedings.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gegel' G. Jenciklopedija filosofskih nauk. – M., 1977. – T. 3. – 380 s.
2. Dokazyvanie v ugolovnom processe. Tradicii i sovremennost' / Pod red. Vlasihina V.A. – M., 2000. – 265 s.
3. Doroshkov V.V. Chastnoe obvinenie. Pravovaja teorija i sudebnaja praktika. – M., 2000. – 175 s.
4. Dujshenbiev T.A. Interesy v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve (po materialam Kyrgyzkoj Respubliki i Rossijskoj Federacii): Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 1999. – 28 s.
5. Kommentarij k Ugolovno-processual'nomu kodeksu RSFSR / Otv. red. V.I. Radchenko; pod red. V. T. Tomina. – 5-e izd. – M.: “Jurajt”, 2001 (utratil silu).
6. Koni A.F. Nravstvennye nachala v ugolovnom processe. Sobr. soch. v 8-mi t. – T. 4. – M., 1967. – 365 s.
7. Mytnik P.V. Poterpevshij v dosudebnyh stadijah ugolovnogo processa: Avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Minsk, 2001. – 31 s.
8. Ponarin V.Ja. Zashhita imushhestvennyh prav lichnosti v ugolovnom processe Rossii. – Voronezh, 1994.– 120 s.
9. Sitdikova G.Z. Sovremennye formy kriminal'nogo povedenija v uslovijah cifrovizacii obshhestvennyh otnoshenij // Vestnik Instituta prava BashGU.– 2020. – # 4 (8). – S. 73-77. DOI 10.33184/vest-lawbsu- 2020.8.10.
10. Tomin V.T. K voprosu o celi v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. Tezisy dokladov i soobshhenij (nauchnaja konferencija 1971, aprel'). – Omsk, 1971. – S. 37-45.
11. Chel'cov-Bebutov M.A. Zadachi sovetskoj nauki ugolovno-processual'nogo prava v period razvernutogo stroitel'stva kommunizma v kn.: Voprosy sudoproizvodstva i sudoustrojstva v novom zakonodatel'stve Sojuza SSR. – M., 1959. – 198 s.
12. Chel'cov-Bebutov M.A. Ugolovnyj process. – M.,
948. – 350 s.
13. Chel'cov-Bebutov M.A. Cel' ugolovnogo processa i organizacija okonchatel'nogo proizvodstva. – Kiev, 1925. – 249 s.
14. Jel'kind P.S. Celi i sredstva ih dostizhenija v sovetskom ugolovno - processual'nom prave. – L., 1976.– 85 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Makoeva E. R., Animokov I. K.
Features of the application of the preventive measure:detention of a suspect
The author of the article considers the features of the preventive measure: «detention of a suspect» and considers the topic relevant for modern criminal proceedings. This preventive measure restricts the constitutional rights of citizens, its correct application guarantees the inviolability of human and civil rights.
Keywords: detention, features, measure, evidence, crime, criminal procedure coercion.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 15.07.1995 # 103-FZ (red. Ot 19.07.2018) «O soderzhanii pod strazhej podozrevaemyh i obvinjaemyh v sovershenii prestuplenij» //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 17.07.1995. - # 29.- St. 2759.
2. Naumov M.V. Fakticheskoe zaderzhanie» i dostavlenie lica po podozreniju v sovershenii prestuplenija. - Tambov: Gramota, 2014. - # 3 (41): v 2-h ch. - Ch.I. - C. 110-114.
3. Retjunskih I.A. Ob osnovanijah zaderzhanija lica, podozrevaemogo v sovershenii prestuplenija // Vestnik ural'skogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2016. - # 2. - S. 19-22.
4. Teppeev A.A. Mery ugolovno-processual'nogo prinuzhdenija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - M.: Izdatel'stvo: izdatel'skij dom «Jur-Vak». - 2019. - # 3. - S. 179.
5. Teppeev A.A., Misrokov T.Z., Zaderzhanie podozrevaemogo kak mera ugolovno-processual'nogo prinuzhdenija: ponjatie, osobennosti primenenija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 10. - S. 217.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Manukyan A. R.
On the issue of the powers of an expert as a participant in criminal proceedings
The activity of an expert in criminal proceedings is a long-standing institution, and a fairly large number of works of scientists are devoted to him. However, in practice, difficulties and ambiguities often arise when considering some issues of procedural expertise and the expert’s opinion, the delimitation of his powers with a specialist, as well as the onset of criminal liability for knowingly false expert opinion. These problems will be discussed in this article.
Keywords: expert, criminal procedure, legislation, expert opinion, examination.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. Ot 01.07.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. -2001. - # 52 (ch. I). - St. 4921; 2021. - # 18. - St. 3055. St.st. 57, 58, 80, 204.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) (s izm. I dop., vstup. v silu s 22.08.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tant-Pljus». (data obrashhenija: 02.09.2021). - St.st. 307, 310.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 31 maja 2001 g. # 73-FZ «O gosudarstvennoj sudebno-jekspertnoj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii» (red. Ot 01.07.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». (data obrashhenija: 02.09.2021). - Glava III.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Medvedeva A. S.
Features of the application of special knowledge in the field of cultural studies and religious studies at the pre-trial stages of criminal proceedings involving minors
The article provides an overview of the existing practice of applying special knowledge in the field of cultural studies and religious studies at the pre-trial stages of criminal proceedings with the participation of minors. The thesis is put forward that cultural characteristics and peculiarities of religion can affect the presence and degree of harm caused to a minor in the event of an act that is an offense, but at the same time normalized in the culture of the offender. Foreign approaches to the use of the specified special knowledge are analyzed.
A description of the Cultural defense concept is presented. It is concluded that it is necessary to combine the special knowledge of such knowledgeable persons as a psychologist, culturologist and religious scholar.
Keywords: culturologist, minors, psychologist, religious scholar, knowledgeable persons, investigative actions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gajvoronskaja I. B., Fomina T. F., Amanzholova B.A. Verbovka v jekstremistskie i terroristicheskie organizacii posredstvom seti Internet // Psihologija i pravo. – 2020. – Tom 10. – # 4. – C. 152-165.
2. Il'in V.A. K voprosu o religioznoj identichnosti:opyt kul'turno-istoricheskogo analiza s pozicij psihosocial'noj teorii razvitija // Social'naja psihologija i obshhestvo. – 2015. – Tom 6. – # 2. – S. 33-50.
3. Sekerazh T. N., Kuznecov V. O. Kompleksnaja sudebnaja psihologo-lingvisticheskaja jekspertiza: formy, vidy, perspektivy razvitija // Teorija i praktika sudebnoj jekspertizy. – 2016. – # 4 (44). – S. 98-107.
4. Diamond B.L. Social and Cultural Factors as a Diminished Capacity Defense in Criminal Law // Am. Acad. Psychiatry & L. – 1978. – # 6.
5. Maeder E.M., Yamamoto S. Culture in the Courtroom: Ethnocentrism and Juror Decision-Making PLoS One. –2015. – # 10 (9).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Milikova A. V., Trishina N. T., Kabelkov S. N.
Investigator functions: сriminal procedure and psychological aspects
The article deals with certain procedural and psychological problems of the preliminary investigation when the investigator performs his procedural functions. The authors trace and substantiate the close relationship between these aspects and propose to consider them in an inseparable relationship.
Keywords: investigator, preliminary investigation, criminal process, functions, psychology, deformation, investigation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Asanov R.Sh., Fedorova I. . K voprosu o funkcijah sledovatelja v sovremennom ugolovnom processe Rossii // Problemy reformirovanija rossijskoj gosudarstvennosti. Materialy XIII Vserossijskoj konferencii studentov i molodyh uchenyh. - 2018. - S. 157-160.
2. Beznosov S.P. Professional'naja deformacija lichnosti. – SPb., 2004. Ser. Psihologicheskij praktikum. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.road2church.ru/info_dlia_volonterov/Professional_deformation_of_the_personality.html.
3. Dikarev I.S. Dosudebnoe proizvodstvo po ugolovnym delam: sistema sderzhek i protivovesov// Edinstvo i differenciacija dosudebnogo i sudebnogo proizvodstva v ugolovnom processe: novye konceptual'nye podhody v svete nasledija velikoj sudebnoj reformy. Sbornik nauchnyh statej Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem, posvjashhennoj 155-letiju Sudebnyh Ustavov 1864 g., priurochennoj k 55-letiju Jugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2019. - S. 120-124.
4. Lebedev N.Ju. Konceptual'nye osnovy kriminalisticheskoj teorii preodolenija konfliktov, voznikajushhih v hode predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija: dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. - M.: Rossijskij universitet druzhby narodov, 2017. - 406 s.
5. Rossinskij S.B. Razmyshlenija o reforme organov predvaritel'nogo sledstvija // Nauchnaja shkola ugolovnogo processa i kriminalistiki Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta: Ugolovnaja justicija XXI veka (k 15-letiju praktiki primenenija UPK RF). Sbornik statej po materialam Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakti-
cheskoj konferencii. Pod redakciej N.P. Kirillovoj, N.G. Stojko, 2018. - S. 167-168.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Tanechnik Yu. S.
The concept of search in criminal proceedings
The paper analyzes the modern concept of search in criminal proceedings. The author defines the role and significance of the search activity. The expediency of implementing a complex interaction between state and public organizations within the framework of the search has been substantiated.
Keywords: search, search, crime detection, crime investigation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34481/(data obrashhenija: 30.03.2021).
2. O policii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.02.2011 g.# 3-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.consultant.ru/popular/police/ (data obrashhenija: 30.03.2021).
3. Barabash A.S. Publichnoe nachalo rossijskogo ugolovnogo processa. – M.: Izdatel'stvo R. Aslanova «Juridicheskij centr Press», 2019. – 432 c.
4. Samojlov P.A. Rozysk v ugolovno-processual'noj dejatel'nosti: sushhnost', osnovanija i soderzhanie //Kriminalistika: vchera, segodnja, zavtra. – 2020. –# 4. – S. 197-206.
5. Ugolovno-processual'noe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii: uchebnik / Otv. red. P.A. Lupinskaja. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Norma: Infra-M, 2018. – 1088 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V., Zakharova S. S.
Criminal procedural knowledge of the results of operational investigative activities and regime measures as evidence in the investigation of a criminal case
The article examines the controversial issues of using the results of operational investigative activities and regime measures during the investigation of a criminal case. The cognitive activity of the investigator of the results of operational search activities and regime measures is implemented both for the promotion of versions, the use of tactical techniques, and for the formation of an evidence base.
At the same time, the use of the results of operational investigative activities and regime measures during the investigation of a criminal case is a routine phenomenon in the work of an investigator.
Keywords: investigator, cognition, OIA results, regime measures, evaluation of evidence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Astaf'ev Ju.V., Vinokurova T.V. Osobennosti sootnoshenija ugolovno-processual'noj i operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti na stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela // Analiticheskij portal. Otrasli prava. Data razmeshhenija stat'i: 13.01.2016.
2. Astaf'ev Ju.V. Znachenie operativno-rozysknoj informacii v ustanovlenii osnovanij ugolovno-processual'nogo dokazyvanija // Vestnik VGU. Serija «Pravo». Voronezh, 2008. # 1 (4). S. 299-311.
3. Znikin V.K. Raskrytie prestuplenija kak vektor optimal'nogo ego rassledovanija // Vestn. Tom. gos. un-ta. Pravo. 2014. # 2 (12). S. 59.
4. Znikin V.K. Ugolovnyj process bez kriminalistiki i ORD: problemnaja situacija // Vestn. Tom. gos. un-ta. Pravo. 2015. # 4 (18). S. 30.
5. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 6 marta 2001 g. # 58-O «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanina Potapova A.V. na narushenie ego konstitucionnyh prav otdel'nymi polozhenijami Federal'nogo zakona «Ob operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti».
6. Novikova Ju.V. Nekotorye diskussionnye voprosy nauchnogo poznanija prestupnosti (prestuplenij) s pozicij kriminologii, kriminalistiki, ugolovnogo processa, teorii
operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. 2014. #9. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/nekotorye-diskussionnye-voprosy-nauchnogopoznaniya-prestupnosti-prestupleniy-s-pozitsiykriminologii-
kriminalistiki-ugolovnogo (data obrashhenija:22.03.2021).
7. Serednev V.A. Kriminalisticheskaja versija kak logicheskij rezul'tat poznavatel'noj dejatel'nosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve i operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti (filosofskij aspekt) // Privolzhskij nauchnyj vestnik. 2015. # 12-2 (52). S. 100.
8. Sorokin I.N. Ispol'zovanie rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Koncept. 2014. # 12. S. 146.
9. Shumilin S.F. Ispol'zovanie rezul'tatov ORD v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: monografija. Belgorod: Bel JuI MVD Rossii, 2014. S. 28.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Suleymanov A. S., Radjabov S. R.
Criminal proceedings and digital technologies
The Russian criminal process is rather conservative and is little affected by modern achievements of digital technologies. Outdated written litigation is extremely resource-intensive and ineffective. The consolidation of the norms in the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, allowing the full implementation of criminal proceedings in electronic format, will allow achieving significant savings in resources - both material and technical and labor, facilitate the work of subjects and participants in criminal proceedings, accelerate and increase the transparency of pre-trial proceedings, simplify and to reduce the cost of storing archival and restoration of lost criminal cases. Analyzing the experience of using electronic office work in various countries, the author comes to the conclusion that all the technologies necessary for the digitalization of criminal proceedings have already been developed, available and widespread; the developed technical solutions are universal and can be applied to digitalize criminal proceedings, regardless of its type, belonging to a legal family, legal traditions of a particular state. This article is devoted to the development and application of digital technologies in criminal proceedings in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: Russian Federation, digitalization, criminal proceedings, written proceedings, criminal procedure, electronic document, digital technologies, electronic format of investigation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 18.12.2001. [Jelektronnyj resurs] // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus»
2. Voskobitova L.V. Cifrovizacija nachal'nogo jetapa ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva kak neobhodimoe sredstvo obespechenija prav poterpevshih. Avtoref.dis. … k.ju.n. 2018.
3. Ishhenko P.P. Sovremennye podhody k cifrovizacii dosudebnogo proizvodstva po ugolovnym delam. 2019.
4. Lisoveckij A.L. Institut koronerov Anglii i Ujel'sa i processual'nye osnovy ih dejatel'nosti v svete reformy. 2014.
5. Churikova A.Ju. Vynuzhdennaja cifrovizacija rossijskogo ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva v sovremennyh realijah. Avtoref. dis. … k.ju.n. 2016.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V., Maslennikov E. E.
Evaluation of the results of the OIA as a type of evidence in criminal cases of crimes related to illicit drug trafficking
The article examines controversial issues on the use of the results of operational investigative activities during the investigation of a criminal case related to illegal drug trafficking. It is necessary to develop a unified approach of theory and practice for the implementation of the results of operational investigative activities for the formation of an evidence base. The use of the results of operational investigative activities during the investigation of a criminal case will depend on the assessment of the admissibility of the evidence collected in the case.
Keywords: investigator, OIA results, narcotic drugs, evaluation of evidence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zakaljapin, D.V., Alsultanov, M.R. Nekotorye aspekty dokazatel'stva i dokazyvanija v processe rassledovanija i raskrytija prestuplenija // Vestnik KU MVD Rossii. 2012. # 4 (18). S. 64.
2. Maslov A.K. Processual'noe oformlenie sledovatelem predmetov, veshhej i inyh dokumentov, poluchennyh v hode osushhestvlenija operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti // Vestnik KU MVD Rossii. 2010. # 1. S. 110.
3. Mihajlov A. N. Ispol'zovanie rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti v dokazyvanii sub"ektivnoj storony pri rassledovanii prestuplenij, svjazannyh s nezakonnym oborotom analogov narkoticheskih sredstv // Vestnik Sibirskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2016. # 1 (22). S. 135.
4. Rossinskij S.B. Rezul'taty operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti nuzhno priznat' dokazatel'stvami po ugolovnomu delu // Sudebnaja vlast' i ugolovnyj process. 2018. # 2. S. 112.
5. Semencov V.A. Predstavlenie predmetov i dokumentov kak sposob sobiranija ugolovno-processual'nyh dokazatel'stv // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. 2017. # 8-9. S. 232.
6. Sysenko A.R., Sysenko A.A. Soderzhanie operativno-rozysknogo obespechenija raskrytija i rassledovanija prestuplenij, svjazannyh s nezakonnym oborotom narkotikov, i ego poiskovye priznaki// Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija «Pravo». 2007. # 12 (3). S. 163.
7. Shejfer S.A. Dokazatel'stva i dokazyvanie po ugolovnym delam; problemy teorii i pravovogo regulirovanija. Tol'jatti: VGU im. V.N. Tatishheva. 2003.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Teligisova S. S.
Problems of law enforcement practice: appeal and review of sentences and other court decisions in the appeal, cassation and supervisory procedure
The article considers the changes concerning the appeal, cassation and supervisory procedure for appealing against sentences and other court decisions, as well as analyzes the current legislation with proposals to eliminate existing shortcomings. The topic under study has been one of the topics discussed over the past few years, in particular, the subject of scientific research, which is reflected in scientific articles, publications, in Internet sources, in specialized information and legal portals. Changes in the appeal, cassation and supervisory procedures for reviewing sentences and other court decisions are fraught with a number of difficulties. Finding out the reasons for these and developing proposals for their, if not complete elimination, then at least minimization, still constitute an urgent problem for criminal procedure science.
Keywords: appeal, cassation, supervision, complaint (submission), appeal and cassation courts of general jurisdiction, supervisory authority, review, appeal, criminal case.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 01.07.2020) // Sobr.zakonodatel'stva Ros.Federacii. – 2014. – # 31. – St. 4398.
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. zakon Ros. Federacii ot 18 dekabrja 2001 g. # 174-FZ prinjat Gos. Dumoj Feder. Sobr. Ros. Federacii 22 nojabrja 2001 g.: odobr. Sovetom Federacii Feder. Sobr. Ros. Federacii 5 dekabrja 2001 g. // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. – 2001. – # 52. (ch. I). – St. 4921.
3. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 25 marta 2014 g. # 8-P «Po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti rjada polozhenij statej 401.3, 401.5, 401.8 i 401.17 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s zhalobami grazhdan S.S. Agaeva, A.Sh. Bakajana i drugih» // SZ RF. – 2014. – # 14. – St. 1690.
4. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 27 nojabrja 2012 g. # 26 «O primenenii norm Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa RF, regulirujushhih proizvodstvo v sude apelljacionnoj instancii» // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. – 2013. – # 1.
5. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 28 janvarja 2014 g. (v red. ot 3 marta 2015 g.) # 2 «O primenenii norm glavy 47.1 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii, regulirujushhih proizvodstvo v sude kassacionnoj instancii» //
Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. – 2014. – # 4.
6. Aktual'nye problemy obespechenija prav uchastnikov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva: monografija /M.T. Ashirbekova, V.M. Bykov, I.S. Dikarev [i dr.]:pod red. N.S. Manovoj. – M.: Prospekt, 2017. – 192 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Alieva A. A., Akhmedkhanova S. T., Nutsalhanov G. N.
Interaction of norms of criminal and criminal procedure law
The article deals with the problem of interaction of the norms of substantive and procedural criminal law. The article reveals the problem of interaction of the norms of substantive and procedural criminal law within the framework of the problem of the correlation of the form and content of the norms of law. Various scientific approaches are analyzed, including the fact that the norms of criminal procedure should be balanced by the norms of criminal law.
Keywords: criminal law, criminal procedural law, interaction of criminal and criminal procedural law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alekseev S.S. Obshhie teoreticheskie problemy sistemy sovetskogo prava. - M.: Gosjurizdat, 1961.
2. Goncharov D.Ju. Vzaimosvjazi i kollizii norm ugolovnogo i ugolovno-processual'nogo zakonodatel'stva. Dissertacija kandidata juridicheskih nauk. -Ekaterinburg, 2004.
3. Dagel' P.S. Vzaimodejstvie ugolovnogo material'nogo i processual'nogo prava v regulirovanii obshhestvennyh otnoshenij // Pravovedenie. - 1972. - # 2.
4. Marks K., Jengel's F. Sochinenija. - M.: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo politicheskoj literatury, 1955. - T. 1.
5. Smirnov A.V., Kalinovskij K.B. Ugolovnyj process. - SPb.: Piter, 2005.
6. Strogovich M. S. Kurs sovetskogo ugolovnogo processa. - M.: Nauka, 1968. - T. 1.
7. Jel'kind P.S. K voprosu o juridicheskoj prirode sovetskogo ugolovnogo processa // Pravovedenie. -1958. - # 2.
8. William T. Pizzi. Standards for criminal procedure and standards for criminal law: the need for balans // Bergen journal of criminal law and criminal justice. - Volume 1. - Issue 1. - 2013.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Fedorchenko V. S.
Establishment of the judicial control institution at the pre-trial stage (historical and legal aspects)
Тhe article deals with the historical aspects of the emergence and development of the Institute of judicial control in Russia from 1215 to the present. A brief description of the main periods of development of judicial control is given.
Keywords: criminal procedural law, judicial control, the court, the function of criminal prosecution.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vseobshhaja deklaracija prav i svobod cheloveka: prinjata Gener. Assambleej OON 10.12.1948 g. // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 5.04.1995. – # 67.
2. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2020. – # 27. – St. 4196.
3. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii.– 1996. – # 25. – St. 2954.
4. Dekret VCIK ot 18 marta 1920 goda «O Revoljucionnyh Tribunalah (Polozhenie) // Sobranie uzakonenij RSFSR. – 1920. – # 22-23. – St. 115.
5. Dekret VCIK ot 21.10.1920 «Polozhenie o Narodnom Sude Rossijskoj Socialisticheskoj Federativnoj Sovetskoj Respubliki» // Sobranie uzakonenij RSFSR. – 1920. – # 83. – St. 407.
6. Berenshtam M.V., Novikov V.N. Ustav ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva. S.-Peterburg, 1909. Reprint. – M.,2018. – 322 s.
7. Vereshhagina A. V. Obespechenie prava obvinjaemogo na zashhitu na dosudebnyh stadijah (po rossijskomu dorevoljucionnomu zakonodatel'stvu) // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2002. – # 5. – S. 79-81.
8. Vlasov V.I. Sudebnyj kontrol' na stadii dosudebnogo proizvodstva po ugolovnym delam: teoretiko-pravovaja harakteristika // Vestnik KRU MVD Rossii. 2020. # 1 (47). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sudebnyy-kontrol-na-stadii-dosudebnogo-proizvodstvapo-ugolovnym-delam-teoretiko-pravovaya-harakteristika
(data obrashhenija: 03.10.2021).
9. Kosterina N.V. Sudebnyj kontrol' na dosudebnyh stadijah ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Volgograd, 2005. – 271 s.
10. Latysheva N.A. Organizacija i osushhestvlenie kontrolja vedenija deloproizvodstva v sudah obshhej jurisdikcii Rossijskoj Federacii: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2016. – 231 s.
11. Lopatkina N.A. Institut sudebnogo kontrolja na dosudebnyh stadijah ugolovnogo processa Rossii:dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Krasnodar, 2002. – 187 s.
12. Lucenko P.A. Retrospektivnyj analiz stanovlenija i razvitija instituta sudebnogo kontrolja v rossijskom ugolovnom processe // Tehnika i bezopasnost' ob"ektov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy:mezhdunarodnaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija FSIN. – Voronezh: FSIN, 2013. – S. 123-126.
13. Lucenko P.A. Pravosudie i sudebnyj kontrol':konceptual'nye podhody k sootnosheniju definicij // Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta. – 2013. – # 4. – S. 330-332.
14. Lucenko P.A. Sudebnyj kontrol' v dosudebnyh stadijah ugolovnogo processa Rossijskoj Federacii:dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2014. – 173 s.
15. Maksurov A.A. Ponjatie sudebnogo kontrolja na dosudebnoj stadii ugolovnogo processa // Pravoporjadok: istorija, teorija, praktika. – 2019. – # 3(22). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ponyatie-sudebnogo-kontrolyana-
dosudebnoy-stadii-ugolovnogo-protsessa (data obrashhenija: 03.10.2021).
16. Maksurov A.A. Genezis sudebnogo kontrolja na dosudebnoj stadii ugolovnogo processa v Rossii i za rubezhom // Vestnik Kazanskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2019. – # 4 (38). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/genezis-sudebnogo-kontrolya-na-dosudebnoystadii-ugolovnogo-protsessa-v-rossii-i-za-rubezhom(data obrashhenija: 02.10.2021).
17. Muratova N.G. Sistema sudebnogo kontrolja v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: voprosy teorii, zakonodatel'nogo regulirovanija i praktiki: dis. ... dokt.jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg, 2004. – 600 s.
18. Ustimov M.A. Sudebnyj kontrol' na stadii predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk.– Saransk. 1999. – 330 s.
19. Jacenko S.S., Ivanchenko E.A. Sudebnyj kontrol' na dosudebnom proizvodstve po ugolovnym delam// Pravo: sovremennye tendencii: materialy IV Mezhdunar. nauch. konf. (fevral' 2017 g.). – Krasnodar, 2017. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://moluch.ru/conf/law/archive/225/11650/ (data obrashhenija: 03.10.2021).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Belova E. Yu.
Some aspects of the international legal regulation of issues arising during the serving of a sentence in the form of imprisonment of persons with sexual identification disorders
The article considers some aspects related to the problems of placement of persons with sexual identification disorders in penitentiary institutions. There are different positions on this issue in some States. The author refers to the provisions of international standards, since the legal regulation of such situations is not clearly defined at the national level of a number of countries. The article analyzes the Yogyakarta Principles, Recommendations CM/Rec (2010)5 «On measures to combat discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity», etc. It is concluded that at present, international standards, in the area we are considering, are instruments of «soft law».
Keywords: convicted persons with a sexual identification disorder, transgender people, transsexuals, the rights of convicted persons, deprivation of liberty, international standards, detention in penitentiary institutions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Blank Zh. S. Predstaviteli LGBTI-soobshhestva v mestah lishenija svobody: osnovy preventivnogo monitoringa // Mezhdunarodnaja tjuremnaja reforma. 2013.16 s.
2. Deklaracija OON po voprosam seksual'noj orientacii i gendernoj identichnosti 2008 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/ (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021 g.).
3. Dzhok'jakartskie principy primenenija mezhdunarodno-pravovyh norm o pravah cheloveka v otnoshenii seksual'noj orientacii i gendernoj identichnosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://yogyakartaprinciples.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/
principles_ru.pdf (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021 g.).
4. Klassifikacija psihicheskih rasstrojstv po MKB-10. Issledovatel'skie diagnosticheskie kriterii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: webmed/irkutsk.ru
(data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021 g.)
5. Postanovlenie ESPCh ot 09.10.2012 po delu «X (X) protiv Turcii» (zhaloba # 24626/09) // Bjulleten' Evropejskogo Suda po pravam cheloveka. 2013. # 3.
6. Rekomendacii CM/Rec(2010)5 «O merah po bor'be s diskriminaciej po priznakam seksual'noj orientacii ili gendernoj identichnosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://search.coe.int/cm/Pages/result_details.aspx?ObjectId=0900001680665340 (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021 g.).
7. Skiba A.P., Mjahanova A.N., Pahorukov A.A. Nekotorye problemy ispolnenija nakazanij v otnoshenii osuzhdennyh s rasstrojstvom polovoj identifikacii: rossijskie, mezhdunarodnye i zarubezhnye aspekty // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. 2020. # 6. S. 9-13.
8. Transgender Convicts Deserve Leniency, Supreme Court Says: Convict receives reduced sentence because he, like all other transgender prisoners, faces solitary confinement.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.haaretz.com/.premium-transgender-convicts-deserveleniency-1.5334117 (data obrashhenija: 15.09.2021 g.).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Golovastova Yu. A.
Criminal-executive process: statement of the problem of delineation of criminal-executive
and criminal-procedural relations
The article provides an analysis of the provisions of criminal, criminal-procedural and criminal-executive legislation, revealing the mechanism of implementation of criminal procedural norms of law, procedural criminal executive legal norms. The necessity of distinguishing related categories of law: criminal-executive proceedings and criminal-executive legal proceedings is traced. The assessment of the possibility of assigning additional powers to the judicial authorities related to direct control over the process of execution of criminal penalties is given.
Keywords: convicted person, criminal-executive proceedings; criminal-executive legal proceedings; procedural norms of criminalexecutive law; protective procedural norms of criminal-executive law; penitentiary judge.
Work bibliographic list
1. Krylov B.S., Merkulov G.S. Policija i organy ispolnenija nakazanija v burzhuaznyh stranah. - M., 1989.
2. Men'shih A.A. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe zakonodatel'stvo Francii // Zhurnal ros. prava. - 2008. - #8. - S. 124-127.
3. Nikoljuk V. V. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe sudoproizvodstvo v SSSR: dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. - M.,1990. - 448 s.
4. Perkov I.M. Sootnoshenie material'nyh i processual'nyh norm ispravitel'no-trudovogo prava v teorii i praktike ispolnenija ugolovnyh nakazanij: uchebnoe posobie. - M.: Akademija MVD SSSR, 1980. - 89 s.
5. Rudnev V.I. Penitenciarnyj sud'ja. K voprosu o sudebnom kontrole za ispolneniem nakazanij // Ros.justicija. - 2001. - # 8. - S. 32-34.
6. Sviridov M.K. Sushhnost' i predmet stadii ispolnenija prigovora. - Tomsk, 1978. - 221 s.
7. Struchkov N.A. Kurs ispravitel'no-trudovogo prava. Problemy Obshhej chasti. - M.: Jurid. lit., 1984.- 240 s.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Kutakov N. N., Novitskiy S. S.
Security of employees of places of detention in Russia:a historical aspect
The analysis of open sources and the press of the late 19th -early 21st centuries about the history of the existence of Russian prisons shows that society has never been interested in the problems of the official activities of employees of places of deprivation of liberty, their social security and personal safety. The greatest interest has always been arisen by the revealed, and often simply invented, information about violations of the rights of convicts and corruption scandals. Nevertheless, more than a century-old history of the activities of the Russian prison department contains materials about crimes against «jailers», some of which are striking in their audacity and cruelty. The article presents a historical analysis of these materials, as well as the study of the state’s response to these challenges. When writing the paper, the author uses the materials of the departmental press of the Ministry of Justice of Russia, a special place among which is occupied by the journal «Prison Bulletin», as well as publications of the Main Prison Administration of Russia, containing reports on the results of its activities for different years of the early 20th century.
Keywords: prison guard, prisoners, places of deprivation of liberty and detention in custody, prison department, security of prison staff, jailbreaks.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vasil'ev N. K novomu zakonu o nadziratel'skih pensijah // Tjuremnyj vestnik. – 1893. – # 3. – S. 87-96.
2. Zhizhina V. K voprosu o reform" tjurem" v" Rossii// Tjuremnyj vestnik. – 1898. – # 12. – S. 616-633.
3. Kube Je. K" voprosu o vooruzhenii nadziratelej //Tjuremnyj vestnik. – 1908. – # 5. – S. 424-428.
4. Petrenko N. I. Porjadok stimulirovanija personala penitenciarnoj sistemy Rossii vo vtoroj polovine XIX veka // Marijskij juridicheskij vestnik. – 2014. – # 11. – S. 38-44.
5. Talakin K. V. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika i preduprezhdenie prestuplenij protiv obshhestvennoj bezopasnosti i obshhestvennogo porjadka, sovershaemye osuzhdennymi v ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenijah: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Rjazan', 2004. – 185 s.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Mikheeva S. V.
To the issue of employment of persons sentenced to deprivation of liberty
The article provides a general theoretical analysis of the role and importance of labor activity of convicts during the serving of sentences in the form of imprisonment, which is primarily needed in order to reduce the antisocial orientation of persons held in correctional institutions, as the palette of criminal motivation of convicts and the scale of penitentiary crime partially neutralized by increasing the employment of convicts and improving their working conditions.
Keywords: The Concept of development of the penal system, employment, convicts, social and labor relations, paid work, unpaid work.
Work bibliographic list
1. Analiz dejatel'nosti territorial'nyh organov FSIN Rossii po obespecheniju pogashenija osuzhdennymi iskov po ispolnitel'nym dokumentam za 2017-2019 god: statisticheskij obzor / N.I. Naryshkina, A.S. Gusev; Federal'naja sluzhba ispolnenija nakazanij, Vladimirskij juridicheskij institut Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij. – Vladimir, 2020. – 33 s.
2. Informacija o dostignutyh rezul'tatah // FSIN Rossii. Glavnaja. Statisticheskie dannye: ofic. sajt. 12.09.2018. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.fsin.su/structure/inspector/iao/statistika/Kratkaya%20har-ka%20UIS/ (data obrashhenija: 29.07.2021).
3. Miheeva S. V. K voprosu o trudovoj zanjatosti osuzhdennyh: v sbornike Penitenciarnaja sistema i obshhestvo: opyt vzaimodejstvija // Sbornik materialov VII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Sostavitel' V.A. Ovchenkov. – 2020. –S. 128-129.
4. Osnovnye pokazateli dejatel'nosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy janvar'-dekabr' 2020 g.: informacionno-analiticheskij sbornik. – Tver', 2021. – 386 s.
5. Patlasov O. Ju. Trudovaja dejatel'nost' osuzhdennyh pod vlijaniem kriminal'noj subkul'tury: probely zakonodatel'stva i kollizii norm prava //Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. – 2017.– # 1. – S. 16-27.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Kharaev A. A., Sasikov A. I., Kondrashov A. G.
On the issues of improving the system of execution of punishments
This paper examines the problems of improving the penal enforcement system in the light of some analysis of the implementation of the provisions of the Concept of the Development of the penal enforcement system of the Russian Federation until 2020, which fixed the humanistic foundations of reforming the penitentiary system, as well as in the light of the problems of socialization and re-socialization of persons who have served their sentences.
Keywords: penal enforcement system, punishment, serving a sentence, criminal environment, convicted person, deprivation of liberty.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ (v red. ot 01.07.2021).
2. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 8 janvarja 1997 g. # 1-FZ (v red. Ot 11.06.2021).
3. Prikaz Ministerstva justicii RF ot 16 dekabrja 2016 g. # 295 «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil vnutrennego rasporjadka ispravitel'nyh uchrezhdenij» (v red. Ot 21.01.2021).
4. Vladislav Kulikov. Ispravlenie tjur'my. Tjuremnoe vedomstvo nachinaet jeksperiment po sozdaniju principial'no novyh uslovij dlja arestantov. Rossijskaja gazeta 19.06.2014. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2014/06/19/fsin.html.
5. Gustova Je.V. O problemah gumanizacii ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva // Sibirskoe juridicheskoe obozrenie. – 2019. – # 16(1).
6. Oficial'nyj sajt FSIN Rossii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://fsin.rf/structure/inspector/iao/statistika/Kratkaya%20har-ka%20UIS/.
7. Pintij N.I., Gileva N.S., Kajgorodova O.V., Knjazeva E.A. Postpenitenciarnyj kontrol' i nadzor za licami, osvobozhdennymi iz mest lishenija svobody // Vestnik Altajskoj akademii jekonomiki i prava. – # 8 (chast' 1).
8. Sasikov A.I. Primenenie instituta uslovno-dosrochnogo osvobozhdenija po zakonodatel'stvu Rossijskoj Federacii // Nauchnyj zhurnal Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija. – 2015. – # 9.
9. Sasikov A.I. Problemy nakazanija za prestuplenija terroristicheskoj napravlennosti // «Bezopasnost' Severo-Kavkazskogo regiona: proshloe, nastojashhee, budushhee». Materialy Vserossijskoj (s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem) nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. –Pjatigorsk, 13-14 fevralja 2015.
10. Sasikov A.I., Haraev A.A. Nekotorye problemnye aspekty primenenija st. 317 UK RF // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2017. –# 12 (115).
11. Smoljarov M.V. Reformirovanie ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossii v istorii strany i na sovremennom jetape // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. –2015. –# 7.
12. Ugolovnyj kodeks RSFSR (red. ot 30.07.1996).
13. Usmanov I.M., Zinnurov F.K. «Zelenaja» zona: real'nost' ili provokacija (praktika protivodejstvija radikalizacii osuzhdennyh v mestah lishenija svobody v Respublike Tatarstan) // Vestnik Kazanskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. –2019. –# 1 (35).
14. Haraev A.A. Otdel'nye problemnye voprosy primenenija lishenija svobody na opredelennyj srok // Nauchno-metodicheskij jelektronnyj zhurnal «Koncept». –2016. –# T47.
 
JUDICIARY
Teppeev A. A.
Investigative actions as the basis of criminal proceedings and the rules for their production
The content of the article examines the criminal procedure category of investigative actions as the basis of criminal proceedings, as well as the rules for the conduct of these procedural actions. Analysis of rules for conducting investigative actions makes it possible to distinguish the classification of group affiliation of prohibitions. The author concludes that the law establishes the rules for the conduct of investigative actions as a mechanism for protecting the rights and freedoms of participants in the process.
Keywords: participants in the process, criminal proceedings, investigator, investigative actions, rules, proof
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O dobrovol'nom deklarirovanii fizicheskimi licami aktivov i schetov (vkladov) v bankah i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 15 ijunja2015 goda # 24 st. 3367.
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) //Rossijskaja gazeta. – # 249. – 22.12.2001.
3. Postanovlenie Prezidiuma Primorskogo kraevogo suda ot 16.07.2018 # 44U-153/2018 // Arhiv Primorskogo kraevogo suda.
4. Bravilova E.A. Ob obshhih pravilah proizvodstva sledstvennyh dejstvij // Sibirskie ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie chtenija. – 2020.– # 1 (27). – S. 16-30.
5. Usova Ju.I., Ipatova A.Ju. Obshhie pravila proizvodstva sledstvennyh dejstvij: problemy primenenija // Central'nyj nauchnyj vestnik. – 2020. – T.5. – # 11 (100). – S. 32-34.
 
JUDICIARY
Tolgurova Z. H., Khakunov A. M.
Rules for investigative actions as the basis of criminal proceedings
The content of the article explores the features of the rules for conducting investigative actions
as the basis of criminal proceedings. The study of problems of regulatory regulation of investigative actions makes it possible to improve criminal procedure standards. The author concludes that the topic of research is of great importance for the theory of criminal procedure and practical use in resolving justice issues.
Keywords: evidence, criminal proceedings, investigator, investigative actions, rules.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 02.07.2020. - # 1. - St. 4398.
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) //Rossijskaja gazeta. - # 249. - 22.12.2001.
3. Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhaloby grazhdanina Sidaka Konstantina Petrovicha na narushenie ego konstitucionnyh prav chast'ju shestoj stat'i 164 i stat'ej 177 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii: Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 17 ijulja 2018 g. # 1955-O// SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
4. Postanovlenie Prezidiuma Primorskogo kraevogo suda ot 16.07.2018 # 44U-153/2018 // Arhiv Primorskogo kraevogo suda.
5. Bravilova E.A. Ob obshhih pravilah proizvodstva sledstvennyh dejstvij // Sibirskie ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie chtenija. - 2020.- # 1 (27). - S. 16-30.
6. Koshheeva K.I. K voprosu o kachestve sostavlenija protokolov sledstvennyh dejstvij // Vestnik Ural'skogo instituta jekonomiki, upravlenija i prava. - 2021.- # 1 (54). - S. 64-69.
7. Usova Ju.I., Ipatova A.Ju. Obshhie pravila proizvodstva sledstvennyh dejstvij: problemy primenenija //Central'nyj nauchnyj vestnik. - 2020. - T. 5. - # 11 (100).- S. 32-34.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Zaytseva E. V.
Certain aspects of the investigation of fraud committed using information and telecommunications technologies
The article is devoted to certain issues of the organization of investigation of fraud in the field of information technology. The main methods of committing this type of crime are analyzed with examples from investigative and judicial practice, and attention is focused on the factors that present difficulties in the detection and investigation of such crimes.
Keywords: fraud, information technology, Internet resources, mobile phones.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arhiv rajonnogo suda Leninskogo rajona g. Saratova. Ugolovnoe delo #1-173/2019.
2. Materialy prigovora Oktjabr'skogo rajonnogo suda g. Barnaula ot 17.12.2020, delo #1-111-20.
3. Materialy prigovora Kirovskogo rajonnogo suda g. Omska ot 16.11.2018, delo #1-870/2018.
4. Reshnjak O.A., Kovalev S.A. Organizacija rassledovanija moshennichestv, sovershennyh s ispol'zovaniem seti «Internet», na pervonachal'nom i posledujushhem jetapah // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. 2020. # 2 (53). S. 106-111.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Igumenov A. S., Danilov D. B.
On the question of the essence and content of concepts:the missing person and the circumstances indicating the criminal nature of the disappearance of the person
The article deals with topical issues that arise when considering the need for the development and normative consolidation of such concepts as “a missing person” and “criminal circumstances of a person’s disappearance”. Their content should meet all the requirements for such concepts, including the possibility of using them in legal relations, and, accordingly, the possibility of double interpretation should be excluded.
Keywords: missing person, criminal circumstances of the disappearance of a person, operational search event, search, search work, wanted, crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Lukashov V.A. Rozysknaja rabota organov vnutrennih del: uchebnoe posobie dlja slushatelej vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij MVD SSSR. – S. 54.
2. Tambovcev A.I. Organizacija i taktika rozyska lic, propavshih bez vesti pri kriminal'nyh obstojatel'stvah (po materialam Sibirskogo federal'nogo okruga): Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Omsk: Omskaja akademija MVD Rossii, 2006. – S. 18.
3. Shvankov V.M. Rozysk bez vesti propavshih lic:(pravovye, taktiko-kriminalisticheskie i operativno-rozysknye aspekty): avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M.: VNII OOP MVD SSSR, 1968. – S. 4-5.
4. Shumilov A.Ju. Kratkaja sysknaja jenciklopedija: Dejatel'nost' operativno-rozysknaja, kontrrazvedyvatel'naja, chastnaja sysknaja (detektivnaja). – M.: Izdatel' I.I. Shumilova, 2000. – 227 s.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Minyasheva G. I.
To the question of the methodology for conducting an operational-search measure “Obtaining computer information”
The article discusses the use of operational-search activities «getting computer information», and model an investigative tactic support incidents in the field of computer information.
Keywords: an investigative event, getting computer information, computer system.
Work bibliographic list
1. O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon «O protivodejstvii terrorizmu» i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii v chasti ustanovlenija dopolnitel'nyh mer protivodejstvija terrorizmu i obespechenija obshhestvennoj bezopasnosti: feder. zakon ot 6 ijulja 2016 # 374-FZ // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2016. – # 149.
2. Bazhukov V.B. Osobennosti provedenija ORM v seti Internet // Aktual'nye problemy ispol'zovanija sil, sredstv i metodov ORD v bor'be s prestupnost'ju:sbornik materialov vserossijskoj mezhvedomstvennoj nauch.-praktich. konf.: 27-28 apr. 2017 g. – Irkutsk:FGKOU VO VSI MVD Rossii, 2017. – S. 18.
3. Vasjukov V.F. Raskrytie i rassledovanie prestuplenij i ispol'zovanie informacii iz sistem sotovoj svjazi: metodologija, teorija, praktika: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.12. – Volgograd: Volgogradskaja akademija MVD Rossii, 2018. – S. 33.
4. Zhadnost' hakerov sgubila // Svezhij nomer. – 2001.– # 16-17.
5. Ignat'ev P. FSB protiv FBR // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2002. – # 176.
6. Mamleev R.R. Sredstva i metody osushhestvlenija operativno-razysknogo meroprijatija poluchenie komp'juternoj informacii // Policejskaja i sledstvennaja dejatel'nost'. – 2016. – # 4.
7. Osipenko A.L. Novoe operativno-razysknoe meroprijatie «Poluchenie komp'juternoj informacii»: soderzhanie i osnovy osushhestvlenija // Vestnik Voronezhskogo instituta MVD Rossii. –2016. –# 3.–S. 83-84.
8. Jay G. Heiser Computer Forensics: Incident Response Essentials. –Washington: Electronic Crimes Task Force, 2007.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Nagoeva M. A.
About the experience of conducting internships of food laboratory experts
The article deals with methodological and organizational issues of the application of new methods of food research in the work of internal affairs bodies and the use of the results of these studies in operational-investigative and investigative practice.
One of the important measures designed to ensure the successful implementation of the tasks assigned to the internal affairs bodies in this area was the creation of a wide network of food research laboratories in the operational and technical apparatus of the internal affairs bodies and the organization of an appropriate scientific unit in the Research Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: investigation, inspection of the scene of the accident, examination, specialist, trainee.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vinberg A.I. Kriminalisticheskaja jekspertiza v sovetskom ugolovnom processe. – M., 1956.
2. Kardanov R.R., Korkmazov A.V., Kuchmezov R.A. K voprosu proishozhdenija i razvitija nekotoryh vidov sudebnyh jekspertiz // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.– 2020. – # 4 (143). – S. 321-323.
3. Koldin V.Ja. Identifikacija pri proizvodstve kriminalisticheskih jekspertiz. – M., 1957.
4. Kolmakov V.P. Sushhnost' i zadachi identifikacii lichnosti v sovetskoj kriminalistike // Uchenye zapiski Har'kovskogo juridicheskogo instituta Vyp. 6.– Har'kov, 1955.
5. Kocherova L.A., Shamaev A.M., Nesterenko A.V., Askarov S.V. Obuchenie kursantov obrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenij MVD osobennostjam issledovanija sledov ruk, zapahovyh i DNK sledov cheloveka na ognestrel'nom oruzhii// Mir nauki, kul'tury, obrazovanija. – 2020. – # 5 (84).– S. 132-134.
6. Kocherova L.A., Shamaev A.M., Nesterenko A.V., Askarov S.V. Obuchenie kursantov obrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenij MVD osobennostjam issledovanija sledov ruk, zapahovyh i DNK sledov cheloveka na ognestrel'nom oruzhii//Mir nauki, kul'tury, obrazovanija. – 2020. – # 5 (84).– S. 132-134.
7. Nagoeva M.A. Aktual'nye voprosy ispol'zovanija special'nyh znanij pri rassledovanii nasil'stvennyh prestuplenij // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2020. – T. 13. – # 4. – S. 251-254.
8. Nagoeva M.A. Primenenie nauchno-tehnicheskih sredstv i metodov v hode osmotrov mest proisshestvij // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 8 (147). – S.297-298.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Nazarkin E. V., Suleymanov T. A., Zakharova S. S.
Using the records of the forensic registration system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia during the initial stage of the investigation of a crime in the field of computer information
This article discusses the features of the use of various types of forensic and other records of the forensic registration system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia during and according to the results of the inspection of the scene of the incident, other investigative actions at the initial stage of the investigation of a crime in the field of computer information. An algorithm for using various traces, physical evidence, information on more than 15 types of records and data banks of the forensic registration system is proposed.
Keywords: computer technologies, versions, initial stage, inspection of the scene, forensic registration, accounting.
Work bibliographic list
1. Osipenko A. L. Bor'ba s prestupnost'ju v global'nyh komp'juternyh setjah: mezhdunarodnyj opyt. –M.: Norma, 2004. – 432 s.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Teppeev A. A.
Features of the investigation of crimes committed by minors
In the content of the article, the author analyzes the features of the investigation of crimes committed by minors. An analysis of the criteria to be established for a minor suggests that there are features in criminal proceedings against persons under the age of 18. The author concludes that it is important to preserve the psycho-emotional state of the minor and to take a special approach to carrying out investigative actions.
Keywords: juvenile, peculiarities, crime, interrogation, subject.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021)– Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tant-Pljus». – Zagl. s jekrana.
2. Baev V.V., Bigalieva Ja.G., Isaenko A.S., Plutenko D.S. Prestupnost' nesovershennoletnih // Kronos. Pravo. — 2021. — Tom 6. – # 1 (51) — S. 86-88.
3. Kanunnikov A.I., Tolokonnikova A.S. Ispol'zovanie takticheskih i psihologicheskih priemov pri proizvodstve doprosa nesovershennoletnego // Viktimologija. Pravo. — 2019. — # 2 — S. 35-38.
4. Podchernjaem A.N. Nesovershennoletnij pravonarushitel': kriminologicheskij i ugolovno-pravovoj analiz // Viktimologija. Pravo. — 2019. — # 4 (22)— S. 79-83.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Tanechnik Yu. S.
On the question of researching the definition of «Investigative activity of an investigator»
In this article, the author examines the controversial aspects of the search activity. The practical
problems of conducting search activities and their legal regulation are noted. An attempt was made to study the search actions within the competence of the investigator.
Keywords: search, search activity, covert investigative actions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii, prinjata na vsenarodnom golosovanii 12 dekabrja 1993 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.costitutio.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 12.08.2021).
2. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34481/ (data obrashhenija: 12.08.2021).
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 13.06.1996 g. # 63-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cosultat.ru/documet/cos_doc_law_10699/ (data obrashhenija:12.08.2021).
4. Gariga O.A. Rozysknaja dejatel'nost' sledovatelja v sovremennyh uslovijah proizvodstva predvaritel'nogo sledstvija // Ugolovnoe proizvodstvo: processual'naja teorija i kriminalisticheskaja praktika: sbornik trudov konferencii. – 2019. – S. 23-25.
5. Petrov E.V. Ponjatie «rozysk» i sushhnost' rozysknoj dejatel'nosti sledovatelja v ugolovnom processe // Novaja nauka: strategii i vektory razvitija. – 2018. – #11. – S. 282-285.
6. Portal pravovoj statistiki General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: crimestat.ru/offenses_map (data obrashhenija: 12.08.2021).
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Tkhazeplov T. M.
The use of special knowledge in the investigation of terrorist crimes
Senior Lecturer of the Department of OP North Caucasian Institute (branch) of Krasnodar University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Candidate of Economic Sciences
The investigative examination is one of the most important investigative actions, because the entire further course of the investigation will depend on how we conduct it.
The inspection of the scene of the incident cannot be replaced by any other investigative action, since in the course of it, a professional study of factual data is carried out, which cannot be obtained from other sources.
This investigative action, in a certain sense, is unique: mistakes made during its conduct, in the future it is often impossible to correct even with a second examination.
Based on the results of the inspection and preliminary studies, the specialist, together with the investigator and the operative, plans subsequent investigative actions (repeated or additional inspection of the scene of the incident, appointment of examinations, obtaining samples for comparative research, investigative experiment, search, etc. as well as carrying out operational search measures (checking the seized traces according to operational search and forensic records, drawing up subjective portraits, carrying out additional measures to detect traces and other objects with the involvement, for example, of divers, using a wider range of search devices, etc.) that will allow to identify the person guilty of committing a crime.
Keywords: fingerprinting, research, expert, inspection of the scene of the incident, investigative units.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nagoeva M.A., Thazeplov T.M. Uchastie jeksperta-kriminalista v osmotre mesta proisshestvija, svjazannogo s primeneniem ognestrel'nogo oruzhija. //Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i juridicheskie nauki, kul'turologija i iskusstvovedenie.
Voprosy teorii i praktiki. – 2014. – # 10-3 (48).– S. 139-141.
2. Osmotr mesta proisshestvija: Spravochnik sledovatelja. – M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1979.
3. Selivanov N.A., Terebilov V.I. Pervonachal'nye sledstvennye dejstvija. – M.: Jurid. literatura, 1969.
4. Sledy na meste proisshestvija: Spravochnik sledovatelja. – M.: VNKC MVD SSSR, 1991.
5. Smyslov V.I. Osmotr mesta proisshestvija. – M.:VJuZI, 1980.
6. Spravochnik kriminalista. Ch. I (Opisanie predmetov) / Pod red. A.I. Mironova. – M.: VNIIOOP MOOP RSFSR, 1966.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Fayzullina A. A.
Establishing a fire source during the inspection of the scene of an incident associated with a criminal fire
Detecting signs of a fire source is one of the main tasks of inspecting the scene of an incident associated with a criminal fire.
Determination and examination by a fire-technical specialist of the location of the focus (s) of a fire makes it possible to find out the causes and circumstances that promoted to an emergence and spread of fire, signs and means of arson if there is a suspicion of committing this criminal act. Without establishing the source of the fire, it is impossible to answer the matter of what was the direct cause of the fire.
It is necessary to note the exceptional importance of preliminary expert investigations of fire foci carried out at the place of the incident to clarify the mechanism of the occurrence of combustion and to correctly assess traces and other material evidence.
Keywords: fire source, scene of incident, inspection, traces of combustion, focal signs, focal cone, arson.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bruevich M.Ju., Gorshkova E.E., Dehtereva V.V. Rassledovanie umyshlennogo unichtozhenija ili povrezhdenija chuzhogo imushhestva, sovershennogo putem podzhoga: ucheb. posobie / pod obshh. red. B.V. Gavkaljuka.– SPb.: S.-Peterb. un-t GPS MChS Rossii, 2020. – 192 s.
2. Egopov G.I. K voppocy teopii «ochagovogo konyca» //Pozhapovzpyvobezopacnoct'. – 2003. – # 4. – C. 73-77.
3. Ugolovnoe delo # 3248812/2019 // Arhiv Demskogo rajonnogo suda g. Ufy Respubliki Bashkortostan.
4. Ugolovnoe delo # 1527363/2020 // Arhiv Ordzhonikidzevskogo rajonnogo suda g. Ufy Respubliki Bashkortostan.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Fakov A. M.
Some features of the investigation of road accidents
The relevance of this study is due to the growing number of road accidents, which today have acquired the scale of a national problem. The dynamics of the growth of vehicles has actualized the issues of road safety for law enforcement agencies. It is known that the occurrence of a traffic accident occurs due to a violation of traffic rules. Moreover, these rules are violated by both drivers, pedestrians, passengers, cyclists, and road services responsible for the condition of roads. And a successful investigation depends on well-organized initial investigative actions at the scene of the event, since the practice of road accidents is quite rich in atypical investigative situations, since the development of these incidents in each case occurs according to an individual scenario.
Keywords: traffic accident, traffic safety, investigative actions, investigation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija» ot 10.12.1995 # 196-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_8585/ (data obrashhenija: 15.08.2021).
2. Bazan A.V., Nenashev L.N. Metodika rassledovanija dorozhno-transportnyh proisshestvij //Kriminalistika: vchera, segodnja, zavtra. - 2017. -# 3 (3). - S. 13-17.
3. Bogdanov A.V., Hazov E.N. Osobennosti rassledovanija prichin i uslovij dorozhno-transportnyh proisshestvij sledstvenno-operativnoj gruppoj OVD // Vestnik jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti. - 2016. - # 1. - S. 32-37.
4. Konovalov A.I. Planirovanie i ego rol' v versionnoj rabote po otrabotke sledstvennyh situacij, voznikajushhih na pervonachal'nom jetape rassledovanija DTP // Kriminalistika: vchera, segodnja, zavtra. - 2017. - # 2 (2). - S. 26-32.
5. Jangirova A.R. Pervonachal'nye sledstvennye situacii, voznikajushhie pri rassledovanii dorozhno-transportnyh proisshestvij // V sbornike: Studencheskie juzhnoural'skie kriminalisticheskie chtenija. Sbornik nauchnyh statej po materialam VIII Vserossijskoj studencheskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - Ufa, 2019.- S. 299-302.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Chechenov A. M.
Unauthorized operational-search measures as part of operational-search activities
In the content of the article, the author analyzes the features of unauthorized operational-search measures, as one of the components of the system of operational-search activities. The analysis of specific MPAs makes it possible to distinguish two main criteria and classify activities into vowels and tacit ones, to note the presence of a mixed type of MPAs in the MDA system. Detailed consideration of activities that do not require authorization provides an opportunity to conclude the importance of their study.
Keywords: operational-search measures, unauthorized, survey, research, ORD.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti» ot 12.08.1995 # 144-FZ – Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus». –Zagl. s jekrana.
2. Mamontova I.O. Otpechatki pal'cev, kak sbor obrazcov dlja sravnitel'nogo issledovanija operativno-rozysknogo meroprijatija // Nauchnye mezhdisciplinarnye issledovanija. — 2021. — # 2 — S. 320-326.
3. Omelin V.N. Operativno-rozysknye meroprijatija kak pravovoj institut // Zakon i pravo. Pravo. —2021. — # 7. — S. 182-184.
4. Omelin V.N. Ob ispol'zovanii jetnologicheskih znanij pri provedenii operativno-rozysknogo meroprijatija «Opros» // Zakon i pravo. Pravo. — 2019. — # 1. — S. 138-141.
5. Pravovye osnovy operativno-rozysknoj dejatel'nosti: ucheb. posobie dlja studentov / Pod obshh. red. V.V. Stepanova. - 3-e izd., ispr. i dop. – Saratov: Saratovskij social'no-jekonomicheskij institut (filial) RJeU im. G. V. Plehanova, 2016. – S. 65.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Shirshov B. V.
Criminalistic tactics: content, structure and specificity of its interaction with science criminal law
Тhe article deals with the issues concerning the content, structure of forensic tactics and its interaction with other fields of knowledge, in particular with the science of criminal law, are relevant today. The modern interpretation of forensic tactics will contain the tools of both the investigator and the court. Thus, the structure of forensic tactics contains a variety of techniques and methods in relation to individual investigative and judicial actions. In the absence of tactical and forensic recommendations, it is not possible to implement a rational and effective investigation. It is this section of the science of criminology that plays an important and irreplaceable role in the process of investigating crimes.
Keywords: forensic tactics, forensic science, tactical technique, tactical and forensic recommendations, tactics of individual investigative actions, the science of criminal law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zhuravlev S.Ju., Poljakova M.A. Taktiko-metodicheskij algoritm: izmenenie ponjatijnyh akcentov kak rezul'tat issledovanija problem kriminalisticheskoj metodiki i taktiki // Privolzhskij nauchnyj vestnik. – 2015. – # 12-2 (52). – S. 60-63.
2. Jakushin S.Ju. Takticheskie zadachi i sredstva ih reshenija v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: osnovnye itogi issledovanija // Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i sociologii. – 2014. – # 1. – S. 111-115.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Tsrimov A. A.
Problematic issues of inspection of the scene of the incident during the investigation of terrorist crimes
One of the most important investigative actions aimed at objectively fixing the situation of the incident, detecting, fixing and removing material traces, is an inspection of the scene of the incident. The success of the investigation and disclosure of the crime depends on the timeliness and completeness of this investigative action. However, practice shows that the quality and completeness of the inspection of the scene of the accident leave much to be desired.
There is concern about the continuing increase in crime and the volume of investigative work associated with it, as well as the state in which the investigative apparatus of the internal affairs bodies is located. A number of speeches at seminars and meetings indicate the weak role of the investigation in the fight against crime, primarily due to the unsatisfactory material and technical equipment of the investigative units, an underestimation of the importance and responsibility of the tasks they solve.
At the same time, in many fundamental areas of its activity, the investigative apparatus did not use its inherent potential to its full potential, which negatively affected its performance indicators and the final results of the fight against crime.
There are reserves for improving the work on solving crimes committed, and they are far from small. The main thing is to take comprehensive measures in this area of operational and official activity. We also need new organizational forms of work.
Keywords: осмотр места происшествия, эксперт, следователь, расследование преступлений, доказательства.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kolmakov V.P. Sushhnost' i zadachi identifikacii lichnosti v sovetskoj kriminalistike // Uchenye zapiski Har'kovskogo juridicheskogo instituta Vyp. 6. Har'kov, 1955.
2. Osmotr mesta proisshestvija: Spravochnik sledovatelja. M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1979.
3. Selivanov N.A., Terebilov V.I. Pervonachal'nye sledstvennye dejstvija. M.: Jurid. literatura, 1969.
4. Sledy na meste proisshestvija: Spravochnik sledovatelja. M.: VNKC MVD SSSR, 1991.
5. Smyslov V.I. Osmotr mesta proisshestvija. M.: VJuZI, 1980.
6. Crimov A.A. Problemnye voprosy kriminalisticheskoj jekspertizy i puti ih reshenija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2021. # 3 (154). S. 331-332.
7. Crimov A.A., Kuchmezov A.N. Zarozhdenie terrorizma i formy ego projavlenija do nashih dnej // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. 2021. T. 14. # 4. S. 27-30.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Romanovskaya I. V.
Background phenomena affecting women’s crime
The article raises the question of the influence of background phenomena on women’s crime, examines the features of the motivation of women’s behavior in various life situations, and provides possible criminal consequences. In modern conditions, it is important to understand the peculiarities of the mechanism of individual criminal behavior of a woman, since female crime leads to extremely negative social consequences for society as a whole.
Keywords: female crime, background phenomena, life situation, criminal behavior, criminal consequences.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sostojanie prestupnosti v Rossii za 2020 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://crimestat.ru/analytics (data obrashhenija: 20.08.2021).
2. Chernysheva E.R. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika sostojanija, dinamiki i tendencij sovremennoj zhenskoj prestupnosti // Jurist"-pravoved". - 2017.- # 3. - S. 125-129.
3. Chirskaja A.Ju. Kriminologicheskij analiz i harakteristika zhenskoj prestupnosti. Motivy zhenskoj prestupnosti // Gumanitarnye nauchnye issledovanija. - 2016. - # 7. - S. 70.
4. Shalagin A.E., Sharapova A.D. Zhenskaja prestupnost' i ee preduprezhdenie // Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. -2016. - # 2. - S. 214.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Surtsev A. V., Napsokov A. R.
The personality of the criminal as the main object of criminological characteristics
The authors of the article consider the identity of a criminal as the main object of criminological
characteristics, as one of the main components of the criminal legal field, as a means to develop
preventive measures to combat crime. The article analyzes the regulatory framework, as well as
scientific publications and statistics of sex and age dependence of crimes in the field of criminology and criminal law. The aim of the work was to study the aspects of criminological characteristics by studying the personality of the criminal through the prism of psychological and psychological characteristics and characteristics.
The authors conclude that it is important to study the personality of a criminal as the main object of criminology.
Keywords: criminological characteristics, personality, criminal, mental, psychological, classification.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 02.07.2020. – # 1. – St. 4398.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 64 FZ (red. ot 24.02.2021) // SZ RF. – 1996. – # 25. – St. 2954.
3. Antonjan Ju.M., Jeminov V.E. Portrety prestupnikov. Kriminologicheskij analiz. – M.: NORMA, 2018.
4. Klejmjonov M.P. Kriminologija uchebnik dlja studentov vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij, obuchajushhihsja po napravleniju «Jurisprudencija». - 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Norma: INFRA-M, 2018. – 399 s.
5. Kliment'eva Ju.R. Klassifikacija i tipologija lichnosti prestupnika kak jelementa kriminalisticheskoj harakteristiki // Dostizhenija nauki i obrazovanija. Pravo. — 2020. — # 16 — S. 32-34.
6. Kriminologija: uchebnik dlja vuzov / pod red. prof. V.D. Malkova - 27e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: ZAO «Justicinform», 2006. – 528 s.
7. Kulimbetova E.D., Jusupova A.F. Psihologicheskij analiz lichnosti prestupnika // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. Pravo. — 2021. — # 5-3. — S. 134-137.
8. Razumeeva Ja.A. Lichnost' prestupnika v kriminologii // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. Pravo. —2020. — # 9. — S. 994-999.
9. Smirnov A.M. K voprosu o fundamental'no-teoreticheskoj modeli izuchenija lichnosti prestupnika // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. Pravo. — 2020. — # 1. — S. 110-112.
10. Shalagin A.E., Hrustaleva O.N. Kriminologo-psihologicheskie harakteristiki lichnosti prestupnika: ot teorii k praktike // Vestnik Kazanskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. Pravo. —2020. — # 3. — S. 329-337.
11. Sheveleva S.V., Greben'kov A.A., Novichkov V.E. Kriminologija: ucheb. posobie / Otv. red. A.A. Greben'kov; Jugo-Zap. gos. un-t. – Kursk, 2011. – 298 s.
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Shigalugova M. Kh., Shogenov Z. A.
Criminological changes in women’s crime
This article is devoted to the criminological aspects of women’s crime, as well as the reasons for their committing various crimes due to various socio-economic difficulties existing in Russia.
The authors provide quantitative indicators of changes in female crime and the dynamics of their
changes depending on the social status and the environment of activity. Women’s crime is under
special control due to the importance of women in the system of public relations, the importance of forming the institution of the family and the upbringing of the younger generation. It is not surprising that many authors and scientists are constantly studying the reasons for the commission of various crimes by the female sex, in connection with the special position of women in the system of social values.
Keywords: female crime, repeated crimes, unemployed female students, quarantine.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ // Konsul'tant Pljus: komp. sprav. pravovaja sistema.
2. Kompleksnyj analiz sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii po itogam 2020 goda i ozhidaemye tendencii ee razvitija. Analiticheskij obzor. – M.: VNII MVD Rossii, 2021. – S. 14.
3. General'naja prokuratura Rossijskoj Federacii portal pravovoj statistiki. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://crimestat.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 30.08.2021).
4. Otchet o demograficheskih priznakah, osuzhdennyh po vsem sostavam prestuplenij Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii // Dannye sudebnoj statistiki. Sudebnyj departament pri Verhovnom Sude Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79&item.
5. Rossija v cifrah / Rosstat. – M., 2020. – S. 180.
6. Rossija v cifrah / Rosstat. – M., 2008. – S. 160.
7. Sostojanie prestupnosti v Rossii za janvar'-dekabr' 2019 g. // Analiticheskie materialy. Portal pravovoj statistiki General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://crimestat.ru/analytics (data obrashhenija: 25.08.2021).
 
CRIMINOLOGY
Shogenov Z. A., Karachaev A. R.
Modern methods of studying sweat traces
The article considers the essence and significance of sweat traces in the process of studying the crime scene. The article is an exposition of modern methods of research of sweat traces, which contribute to the identification of a criminal personality. The methods of studying sweat traces through the use of innovative technologies, as well as research methods that require more detailed development due to their novelty, are considered.
Keywords: sweat traces, biological traces, examination, cyanoacrylate vapors, identification, electronic nose, the scene of the incident.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avdeeva N.I. Potozhirovye sledy cheloveka // Vestnik gosudarstvennogo med. universiteta. - 2017. - 199 s.
2. Bojarishhev S.V. Dermatoglifika potozhirovyh sledov.- SPb: Izdatel'stvo «Jurid. centr Press», 2016. - 177 s.
3. Bushmaster N.R. Osobennosti iz"jatija potozhirovyh sledov // Zhurnal Kriminalistika. - 2016. - 260 s.
4. Fageeva A.N. Osnovnye problemy molekuljarno-geneticheskom issledovanii potozhirovyh sledov cheloveka// Sudebno-medicinskaja jekspertiza. - 2017. - 325 s.
5. Homjakov D.S. Naibolee sovremennye metody identifikaciija biologicheskih sledov, kotorye ispol'zujutsja dlja ustanovlenija lichnosti cheloveka // Kriminal'naja biblioteka. - 2017. - 227 c.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Aleshin S. V.
On the issue of legality of the use by police officers of measures to ensure the proceedings in the case of an administrative offense
The article studies the concept, role and place of measures to ensure proceedings in cases of administrative offenses in the system of state enforcement measures, factors affecting the legality of the application of interim measures, the legal grounds for their application are studied. At the same time, it is concluded that it is necessary to develop a single legal act that would specify and regulate in detail the procedure for applying these measures by police officers.
Keywords: legality, legality in the activities of the police, measures to ensure the proceedings in cases of administrative offenses, improvement of administrative legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) // Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. - 2014. - # 31. - St. 4398.
2. Bahrah D.N. Administrativno-processual'noe prinuzhdenie // Pravovedenie. - 1989. - # 4. - S. 59-64.
3. Denisenko V. V., Pozdnyshev A. N., Mihajlov A. A.Administrativnaja jurisdikcija organov vnutrennih del: Uchebnik. - M.: IMC GUK MVD Rossii, 2002.- 176 s.
4. Eropkin M.I. O klassifikacii mer administrativnogo prinuzhdenija // Voprosy administrativnogo prava na sovremennom jetape: [sb.]. - M.: Jurizdat, 1963. - S. 60-69.
5. Kaplunov A.I. Administrativnoe prinuzhdenie, primenjaemoe organami vnutrennih del (sistemno-pravovoj analiz): avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk.- M., 2005. - 58 s.
6. Kisin V.R. Mery administrativno-processual'nogo prinuzhdenija, primenjaemye miliciej. - M.,1987. - 32 s.
7. Kudin F.M. Prinuzhdenie v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. - Krasnojarsk, 1985. - 136 s.
8. Safonova L.S. Mery obespechenija proizvodstva po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah:dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. - SPb., 2005. - 170 s.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Kodzokova L. A., Karchaeva K. A.
Concept, tasks and functions of internal affairs bodies
The internal affairs bodies occupy one of the most significant places in the life of society and the state, and also affect almost all spheres of public life in the process of realizing their tasks and functions. The article discusses the concepts, powers, structure, legal status of internal affairs bodies and their interaction with other executive authorities. It also reveals the essence of the Department of Internal Affairs as a subject of executive power.
Keywords: internal affairs bodies, concept, tasks, powers, functions, structure, police.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 21.12.2016 # 699 (red. Ot 19.02.2021) «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o Ministerstve vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii i Tipovogo polozhenija o territorial'nom organe Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii po sub"ektu Rossijskoj Federacii».
2. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 12.04.1999 # 288 (red. Ot 19.06.2018) «O merah po realizacii Postanovlenija Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 21 ijulja 1998 g. # 814» (vmeste s «Instrukciej po organizacii raboty organov vnutrennih del po kontrolju za oborotom grazhdanskogo i sluzhebnogo oruzhija i patronov k nemu na territorii Rossijskoj Federacii»).
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Koblov F. Ch., Chattaev A. R.
On some problematic issues of the application of administrative legislation by police officers in the suppression of offenses in the family and household sphere
In this article, the authors consider a number of problems that arise when police officers apply administrative measures provided for by the legislation on administrative offenses when suppressing offenses in the field of family and household relations. The issues under consideration are particularly relevant against the background of the importance of the concepts of «family», «strengthening of traditional family values». According to the authors, the strengthening of administrative responsibility measures in this area, with the introduction of appropriate amendments to the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation, will sufficiently reduce violations in the field of family and household relations.
Keywords: administrative legislation, offense, family and household sphere, public order, petty hooliganism, insult.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kolichestvo «semejnyh» prestuplenij upalo na tret' za tri goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.rbc.ru/politics/25/11/2019/5dd7eeb19a79471ac83c65bc (data obrashhenija: 07.09.2021g.).
2. Kompleksnyj analiz sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii i raschetnye varianty ee razvitija: analiticheskij obzor / Ju.M. Antonjan, D.A. Brazhnikov, M.V. Goncharova i dr. – M.: FGKU «VNII MVD Rossii», 2018. – 86 s. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/upload/site163/document_text/Kompleksnyy_analiz__original-maket_24_04.pdf (data obrashhenija:09.09.2021g.).
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Kuchmezov R. A., Bondar A. G., Ashhotova L. A.
Moral and psychological stability as a basic personal characteristic of a police employee
The formation of moral and psychological stability among police officers is rightfully considered one of the ways to improve the efficiency of their professional activities. However, this process should not stop at the formation of a certain component of moral and psychological stability, it is distinguished by its continuous nature and consistency. Thus, moral and psychological stability develops in the course of educational, service and off-duty activities, namely in the process of performing service, within the framework of moral and psychological training organized in the
subdivisions of the internal affairs bodies, as well as during vocational training, advanced training and internship, as well as in the process of self-preparation. And its effective development is facilitated by self-training, self-education and self-education, since the work of a police officer is associated with intellectual, emotional and physical saturation and a large number of extreme and emergency situations.
Keywords: police officer, moral and psychological stability, continuity, independence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bordachev A.Ju. Sovershenstvovanie psihologicheskoj podgotovki sotrudnikov policii. // Modern Science. - 2020. - # 6. - S. 458-461.
2. Korkmazov A.V., Sagradova T.G. Osobennostej projavlenija lichnostno smyslovoj sfery v kachestve reguljatora professional'nogo stanovlenija budushhego specialista // Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovanija. - 2018. - # 59-2. - S. 95-97.
3. Mashekuasheva M.H. Aktual'nye voprosy professional'noj podgotovki sotrudnikov policii: moral'no-psihologicheskij aspekt. // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2017. - # 4. - S. 254–255.
4. Polunin V.P., Loginov S.N. Psihologicheskaja ustojchivost' sotrudnikov policii v professional'noj dejatel'nosti // V sbornike: Pedagogika i psihologija v dejatel'nosti sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del: teorija, metodika, praktika. Materialy vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Sostaviteli A.S. Dushkin, E. M. Marchenko. - 2018.- S. 266–270.
5. Chanysheva G.G., Hajrullova Je.T. Moral'no-psihologicheskaja ustojchivost' sotrudnikov OVD i organizacionno-pedagogicheskie uslovija ee razvitija //Gumanizacija obrazovanija. - 2017. - # 3. - S. 49-53.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Marchenko D. E.
Problems of pension provision for employees of the penal enforcement system
The article considers a number of organizational and legal problems of pension provision for employees of the penal enforcement system. The author analyzes the normative legal acts regulating the pension provision of employees of the penitentiary system and comes to the conclusion that the approach to calculating pensions for employees of the penitentiary system is quite outdated and has long required a comprehensive discussion, and the legislation on pension provision for employees of the penitentiary system requires additions and changes.
Keywords: employee of the penal enforcement system, pension provision, legislation, problems of provision.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 22.08.2021). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus». – Zagl. s jekrana.
2. Artemova D.I., Presnjakov S.A. Mery preduprezhdenija prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih lic i social'naja reabilitacija podrostkov // Vestnik Penzenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. – 2019.– # 4 (28). – S. 28-32.
3. Burenkova E.O. Sovremennoe sostojanie i tendencii prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih v Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Penzenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. – 2020. – # 1 (29). – S. 30-35.
4. Kulikov E.A., Kulaevskij A. V. Aspekty kriminologicheskoj harakteristiki nasil'stvennoj prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih i nekotorye problemy ejo preduprezhdenija // Society and Security Insights. Pravo. – 2019. – # 2. – S. 116-128.
5. Trusova K.Ju. Kriminologicheskie osobennosti prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. Pravo. – 2019. – # 6. – S. 461-466.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Taova L. Yu.
Features of the prevention of juvenile delinquency by the internal affairs authorities
The article analyzes the features of the prevention of juvenile delinquency by the internal affairs bodies. The study of the features of the fact of juvenile delinquency itself makes it possible to identify the growth factors of this phenomenon, which makes it possible to develop more effective prevention measures. The features of the warning consist in focusing on the age-related psycho-emotional characteristics of the minor.
Keywords: prevention, crime, peculiarities, minors, prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 22.08.2021). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus». – Zagl. s jekrana.
2. Artemova D.I., Presnjakov S.A. Mery preduprezhdenija prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih lic i social'naja reabilitacija podrostkov // Vestnik Penzenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. – 2019.– # 4 (28). – S. 28-32.
3. Burenkova E.O. Sovremennoe sostojanie i tendencii prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih v Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Penzenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. – 2020. – # 1 (29). – S. 30-35.
4. Kulikov E.A., Kulaevskij A. V. Aspekty kriminologicheskoj harakteristiki nasil'stvennoj prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih i nekotorye problemy ejo preduprezhdenija // Society and Security Insights. Pravo. – 2019. – # 2. – S. 116-128.
5. Trusova K.Ju. Kriminologicheskie osobennosti prestupnosti nesovershennoletnih // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. Pravo. – 2019. – # 6. – S. 461-466
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Khazhirokov V. A.
Strength training of police officers as the basis for improving the skills of using striking techniques against the offender
The current stage of reforming the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia has led to new requirements for the level of professional training of police officers who carry out duties to protect public order and suppress illegal actions by antisocial elements.
This requires an increasing intensification of the processes of education and training of police officers in the context of the formation of their skills in the use of striking techniques, which are recognized as the most universal of contact martial arts, to the address of offenders.
The most rational solution of the listed tasks in the process of physical training of police officers is facilitated by the use of special technical means and simulators, designed to provide a training effect on various organs and systems of the body of those involved. At the same time, the purpose of the simulators is to improve the accuracy, speed and strength of attacking actions, to significantly reduce fatigue, as well as to receive urgent information about the level of special and general physical fitness of police officers.
Keywords: police officers, physical fitness, striking technique, strength, simulator.
Work bibliographic list
1. Broev A.H. Organizacija i metodika obuchenija sotrudnikov OVD Rossii udaram i zashhitnym dejstvijam v processe ih fizicheskoj podgotovki // Nauchnoe obozrenie. Pedagogicheskie nauki. - 2019. - #6. - S. 22-26.
2. Efremenko M.A. Jeffektivnost' ispol'zovanija tehniki udarov rukami i nogami sotrudnikami organov vnutrennih del // Izvestija Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Fizicheskaja kul'tura. Sport. - 2014. - # 4. - S. 20-24.
3. Kanukoev A.M., Meshev I.H. Metodika obuchenija udaram nogami slushatelej obrazovatel'nyh organizacij MVD Rossii // Pedagogicheskij zhurnal. - 2020.- T. 10. - # 3-1. - S. 474-480.
4. Krymshokalov A.Z. Sovershenstvovanie metodiki obuchenija udarnoj tehnike rukami i zashhitam ot nih slushatelej obrazovatel'nyh organizacij MVD Rossii // Obrazovanie. Nauka. Nauchnye kadry.- 2020. - # 3. - S. 198-200.
5. Makarov V.M., Marchenko I.N. Osobennosti trenirovki udarnoj tehniki sotrudnikov OVD v ramkah zanjatij po fizicheskoj podgotovke // Obshhestvennaja bezopasnost', zakonnost' i pravoporjadok v III tysjacheletii. - 2020. - # 6-3. - S. 178-181.
6. Meshev I.H., Hazhirokov V.A. Metodika formirovanija navykov udarnoj tehniki u slushatelej obrazovatel'nyh organizacij MVD Rossii // Pedagogicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - T. 10. - # 3-1. - S. 373-379.
7. Cherkesov R.M. Special'naja silovaja podgotovlennost' kak osnova povyshenija masterstva sotrudnikov OVD // Teorija i praktika sovremennoj nauki.- 2017. - # 5 (23). - S. 1273–1277.
8. Jaroslavskij M.A. Metodologija i intensivnost' nagruzki pri trenirovke skorostno-silovyh kachestv // V sbornike: Fizicheskoe vospitanie i sport:aktual'nye voprosy teorii i praktiki. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov uchastnikov Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2017. - S. 185-192.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Shamaev A. M., Gutaev A. M.
Features of legal regulation in standard and special conditions when using weapons by the forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia and the Troops of the National Guard of Russia
The study provides a comparative analysis of the regulatory legal framework regulating the activities of the internal affairs bodies and the National Guard troops in terms of the grounds for the use, as well as prohibitions and restrictions on the use of firearms in the performance of official tasks. The differences existing in related federal laws are indicated, as well as ways to eliminate them most effectively in order to form a unified legal field in this area, which may be important when performing operational and official tasks during interdepartmental events, including in special conditions.
Keywords: internal affairs bodies, national Guard troops, law enforcement agencies, firearms, special conditions, legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gauzhaeva V.A., Kanokova L.Ju. Ohrana mesta proisshestvija kak kompleks dejstvij, obespechivajushhih rezul'tativnost' osmotra // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021. - # 3 (154). - S. 387-388.
2. Zhukov A.Z., Ingushev Ch.H., Bitov A.A. Informacionnaja bezopasnost' kak jelement nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. - 2021. - T. 17. # 1. - S. 278-283.
3. Korkmazov A.V., Bondar' A.G. Posobnichestvo v terrorizme i jekstremizme // V sbornike: nauka i innovacii v sovremennyh uslovijah. Sbornik statej po itogam Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2019. - S. 101-103.
4. Nagoeva M. A. Terrorizm kak global'naja problema sovremennosti // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2014. - # 3. - S. 255-257.
5. Safronov D. M., Shamaev A. M. Pandemija COVID-19 kak vozmozhnaja prichina vozniknovenija massovyh besporjadkov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.- 2020. - # 4 (143). - S. 393-394.
6. Smirnova L.Ja., Shamaev A.M. Jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' strany: ugrozy i napravlenija ee obespechenija // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. - 2020. - T. 16. # 3. - S. 27-30.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Buraeva L. A., Fedorenko S. P.
About the actual problems of propaganda of child suicide in the internet space
In the article, the authors consider the actual problems of adolescent suicide in the context of globalization. It is noted that the virtual space in which the modern young generation spends most of their time, compensating for the lack of live communication, contains a number of risks and dangers associated with a huge amount of malicious content promoting suicide. The causes of teenage suicides and the measures taken by the state to prevent the spread of “suicidal content” in the Russian-speaking segment of the global space are analyzed.
Keywords: child suicide, suicide, propaganda of violence, minors, «death groups», «depressive content», the Internet, the global information space.
Work bibliographic list
1. O vnesenii izmenenij v stat'ju 15.1 Federal'nogo zakona «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii» i stat'ju 5 Federal'nogo zakona «O zashhite detej ot informacii, prichinjajushhej vred ih zdorov'ju i razvitiju»: feder. zakon ot 18.12.2018 # 472-FZ. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. O vnesenii izmenenij v Federal'nyj zakon «O zashhite detej ot informacii, prichinjajushhej vred ih zdorov'ju i razvitiju» i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii: feder. zakon ot 28.07.2012 # 139-FZ (red. ot 14.10.2014). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Administratoru «gruppy smerti» v socseti «VKontakte» pred"javili obvinenie. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://aif.ru/society/law/administratoru_gruppy_smerti_v_socseti_vkontakte_predyavili_obvinenie (data obrashhenija: 27.08.2021).
4. Berova D.M., Kardanov R.R. Protivodejstvie ispol'zovaniju seti Internet v terroristicheskih celjah // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. – 2021. – T. 17. – # 3. – S. 295-298.
5. Dadova Z.I., Buraeva L.A. O problemah negativnogo vlijanija global'nogo informacionnogo prostranstva na process stanovlenija sistemy cennostej molodezhi // Social'no-politicheskie nauki. – 2018. – # 5. – S. 270-272.
6. Detskij suicid v Rossii statistika 2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://adanisimov.ru/detskij-suicid-v-rossii-statistika-2019.html (data obrashhenija: 27.08.2021).
7. Detskij suicid v Rossii statistika 2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https:// adanisimov.ru/detskij-suicid-v-rossii-statistika-2019.html (data obrashhenija: 28.08.2021).
8. «Krik o pomoshhi»: pochemu podrostki ne hotjat zhit'.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gazeta.ru/social/2019/04/25/12321139.shtml (data obrashhenija: 25.08.2021).
9. Pogibshaja pod Lipeckom shkol'nica sostojala v «gruppah smerti». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://woman.rambler.ru/children/46624916/?utm_content=woman_media&
utm_medium=read_more&utm_source=copylink (data obrashhenija: 30.08.2021).
10. «Sinij kit» opjat' vsplyl? V Rossii za nedelju sluchilas' vspyshka detskih suicidov. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://63.ru/text/incidents/2021/02/12/69764927/ (data obrashhenija:25.08.2021).
11. Shogenov T.M. Sovremennye informacionnye instrumenty protivodejstvija rasprostraneniju terroristicheskih ugroz v seti Internet // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2020. – T. 13. – # 4.– S. 94-97.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Volkhovskiy R. A., Smirnova I. N.
The experience of the Russian Federation in the field of normative legal regulation and practical control of social rehabilitation and resocialization of convicts suffering from drug addiction serving sentences alternative to imprisonment
Based on the statistical data of judicial practice, the norms of the criminal legislation in force in
Russia, the article examines the normative and legal side of the legal impact on convicts suffering from drug addiction who are serving alternative sentences. The purpose of the study is to analyze the implementation of criminal law measures not related to Sec-tion VI of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and applied to convicts suffering from drug addiction. In the conclusion, the authors summarize the results of the practical application of obligations under Art. 72.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: rehabilitation, resocialization, alternative measures of influence, punish-ment without imprisonment, convicted drug addicts.
Work bibliographic list
1. O narkoticheskih sredstvah i psihotropnyh veshhestvah: federal'nyj zakon ot 08.01.1998 g. # 3-FZ //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii.– 1998.– # 2. – St. 219.
2. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 g. # 195-FZ(red. ot 30.04.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2002. – # 1 (ch. 1). – St. 1.
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 g. # 63-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 1996. – # 25. – St. 2954.
4. O Ctrategii nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii: Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 2 ijulja 2021 g. # 400 // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. 03.07.2021. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001202107030001#print (data obrashhenija:20.07.2021).
5. Ob utverzhdenii Porjadka osushhestvlenija kontrolja za ispolneniem osuzhdennymi, priznannymi bol'nymi narkomaniej, objazannosti projti lechenie ot narkomanii i medicinskuju i (ili) social'nuju reabilitaciju: prikaz Minjusta Rossii # 7, Minzdrava Rossii # 59 ot 03.02.2020 g. // Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. 10.02.2020.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 14.05.2021).
6. Dannye sudebnoj statistiki // Sudebnyj departament pri Verhovnom sude Rossijskoj Federacii. Oficial'nyj sajt. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/ (data obrashhenija:14.05.2021).
7. Kazak B. B., Smirnova I. N., Smirnova T. V. Organizacionno-pravovye osnovy social'noj raboty ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcij s osuzhdennymi k nakazanijam bez izoljacii ot obshhestva. – Pskov,2021. – 144 s.
8. Nagibin V. L. Organizacija ispolnenija stat'i 72.1 UK RF, problemy pri realizacii ee polozhenij //Vestnik Permskogo instituta FSIN Rossii. – 2020.– # 2. – S. 57-60.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Zhukov A. Z., Ingushev C. K., Shkakhova F. A.
Problems of ensuring information security in the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia when working with databases
The article provides an overview of the problems of ensuring information security in the system
of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia when working with databases. Ensuring information
security in the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia when working with databases is one of the most relevant in the system of ensuring national security, since the information circulated in the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs is of strategic importance. Working with databases in the Ministry of Internal Affairs system is associated with high information risks. The presence of a large number of problems in this industry requires state regulation and an integrated approach, which consists in creating a regulatory and information technology foundation that can ensure the effective functioning of the information security system.
Keywords: information security, databases, information protection, cryptography, information
technology, cyber security, legal framework, internal affairs bodies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 g. s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 1. 07. 2020g.). Konsul'tant Pljus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/c6c37a8f0ecaf4d38652b9ece2200bbe4c34a3e7 (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2021).
2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 05.12.2016 # 646 «Ob utverzhdenii Doktriny informacionnoj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii».
3. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 23 nojabrja2016 g. # 755 «Voprosy jekspluatacii centra razrabotki, podderzhki, vnedrenija i administrirovanija servisov edinoj sistemy informacionno- analiticheskogo obespechenija dejatel'nosti MVD Rossii».
4. Krylov A.A., Anishhenko V.N., Vasil'ev Je.A., Degtjarev S.V., Zarubina E.N., Malikov S.V., Mackevich R.S., Morar V.O., Sitkovskij A.L. Informacionnye tehnologii v dejatel'nosti podrazdelenij jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti i protivodejstvija korrupcii: monografija. - M., 2015. - S. 209-213.
5. Kubasov I.A., Strel'nikov F.I. Obespechenie bezopasnosti funkcionirovanija infokommunikacionnyh sistem, ispol'zuemyh v sledstvennoj i sudebno-jekspertnoj dejatel'nosti // Akademicheskaja mysl'. - 2020. - # 3 (12). - S. 97-101.
6. Plahina E.A. Komp'juternye ugrozy informacionnoj bezopasnosti // Nauka i obrazovanie segodnja.- 2019. - # 9 (44). - S. 35-36.
7. Sarkisjan G.G. Informacionnoe obespechenie dejatel'nosti operativnyh podrazdelenij organov vnutrennih del // Trudy Akademii MVD Rossii. -2018. - # 2 (46). - S. 165-170.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Karachaev A. R.
Countering economic crime in the Russian Federation as a threat to economic security
In the context of globalization, the economic security of Russia is increasingly becoming the subject of criminal encroachments, in this regard, combating economic crime in Russia is one of the constituent elements of ensuring national security.
This article discusses the need to ensure economic security, which requires the adoption of timely and comprehensive measures, effective counteraction to negative processes that negatively affect the state and society. Possible ways and methods of combating economic crimes that harm financial institutions and the economic well-being of the state and the population are considered.
Keywords: economic crimes, economic security, shadowing, criminalization, corruption, budgetary resources, national agency.
Work bibliographic list
1. O Strategii nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii: Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 31.12.2015 # 683.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru (data obrashhenija: 16.05.2021).
2. Zaharjan O.A. Profilaktika deviantnogo povedenija jekonomicheskoj prestupnosti. — Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Gosudarstvo i pravo: teorija i praktika— Cheljabinsk: Dva komsomol'ca, 2011. — S. 113-115.
3. Kicanov R.S. Finansovye aspekty vlijanija jekonomicheskih prestuplenij na jekonomiku Rossii i Tomskoj oblasti. — Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Molodoj uchenyj. — 2019. — # 26 (264). — S. 362-366.
4. Sozonova V.S. Korrupcija v sovremennoj Rossii: puti protivodejstvija. — Tekst: neposredstvennyj //Molodoj uchenyj. — 2019. — # 17 (255). — S. 114–116.
5. Shogenov Z.A. Mery protivodejstvija i metody bor'by s prestuplenijami jekonomicheskoj napravlennosti v Rossii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.- 2021. - # 7 (158). – S. 459.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Karchaeva K. A.
Cybercrime as a threat to the security of society at the present stage
The Russian Federation is one of the strongest world powers and firmly occupies a leading position in the world political arena.
However, at present, Russia is facing problems in its foreign policy related to the situation in Ukraine, economic sanctions against Russia, the activation of extremist movements, as well as problems in the internal life of society. The use of modern information tools and the Internet by criminals simplifies the process of carrying out a criminal act, allowing many different types of crimes to be carried out at distances. Thus, the relevance of the chosen topic of scientific research is explained by the fact that at present the virtual “web” has become a convenient field for committing illegal acts, and the number of crimes and administrative offenses carried out using information and telecommunications networks (including the Internet) continues to grow.
Keywords: the Internet, countering crimes in Russia, crimes on the Internet, carding, phishing.
Work bibliographic list
1. «Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah» ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ(red. ot 04.02.2021).
2. «Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 30.12.2020).
3. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii» ot 27.07.2006 # 149-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija).
4. Alieva E.A. Set' internet kak sredstvo sovershenija razvratnyh dejstvij // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2017. - # 4. - S. 180-182.
5. Karpova D.N. Kiberprestupnost': global'naja problema i ee reshenie // Vlast'. - 2014. - Tom. 22.- # 8. - S. 46-50.
6. Kochojan R.G. Protivodejstvie prestuplenijam, sovershaemym v seti «Internet»: sovershenstvovanie ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii // Kriminal'nye realii, reagirovanie na nih i zakon / pod redakciej A.I. Dolgovoj. -M., 2018. - S. 127-131.
7. Kratkaja harakteristika sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii za janvar'-fevral' 2021 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://mvd.rf/reports/item/23447482/
8. Kumysheva M.K. Problemy protivodejstvija internet-prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii //Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki.- 2019. - # 3. - S. 97-98.
9. Nikolaeva E.R. Problemy protivodejstvija prestuplenijam, sovershaemym v seti Internet // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. - 2019. - # 4. - S. 417-424.
10. Nomokonov V.A., Tropina T.L. Kiberprestupnost' kak novaja kriminal'naja ugroza // Kriminologija:vchera, segodnja, zavtra. - 2012. - # 1 (24).
11. Suhodolov A.P., Ivancov S.V., Borisov S.V., Spasennikov B.A. Aktual'nye problemy preduprezhdenija prestuplenij v sfere jekonomiki, sovershaemyh s ispol'zovaniem informacionno-telekommunikacionnyh setej // Bajkal'skij gosudarstvennyj universitet, g. Irkutsk, Rossijskaja Federacija Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. - 2017. - T. 11. - # 1. - C. 13-21. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/aktualnye-problemy-preduprezhdeniyaprestupleniy-v-sfere-ekonomiki-sovershaemyh-sispolzovaniem-informatsionno.
12. Urban V.V. Prestuplenija, sovershaemye s ispol'zovaniem informacionno-telekommunikacionnyh setej: obshhaja harakteristika i ugolovno-processual'nye mery po ih protivodejstviju //Vestnik Vostochnosibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2019. - # 1 (88). - S. 55-63.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Mashekuasheva M. K., Mazdogova Z. Z., Makoeva E. R.
The concepts of «extremism» and «terrorism» in the legislation of Russia
In this article, the authors reveal the content of the concepts of “extremism” and “terrorism” in modern Russian legislation. Analyze the problem of using these two concepts as synonyms.
According to the authors, the meaningful ambiguity of both concepts in legal documents prevents their differentiation. The authors analyze the profile provisions of modern Russian legislation and the doctrinal points of view of authoritative legal scholars. This article aims to reveal the content of the concepts of “extremism” and “terrorism” in domestic documents.
Keywords: extremism, extremist activities, terrorism, terrorist activities, Russian legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Konsul'tantPljus.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 25.07.2002 g. # 114-FZ (red. ot 08.12.2020, vstup. v silu s 14.04.2021) «O protivodejstvii jekstremistskoj dejatel'nosti» // Konsul'tantPljus.
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 g. # 63-FZ (red. ot 11.06.2021) // Konsul'tantPljus.
4. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 23.03.1995 g. # 310 (red. Ot 03.11.2004) «O merah po obespecheniju soglasovannyh dejstvij organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti v bor'be s projavlenijami fashizma i inyh form politicheskogo jekstremizma v Rossijskoj Federacii» // Konsul'tantPljus.
5. Strategija protivodejstvija jekstremizmu v Rossijskoj Federacii do 2025 goda (utv. Prezidentom RF 28.11.2014 # Pr-2753) (red. ot 29.05.2020) // Konsul'tantPljus.
6. V proshlom godu k otvetstvennosti privlekli okolo 400 chelovek za vozbuzhdenie nenavisti ili vrazhdy. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/obschestvo/8002335 ot 17.03.2021 (data obrashhenija: 02.07.2021).
7. V Rossii v 2020 godu za terrorizm i jekstremizm osudili 900 chelovek // Oficial'nyj sajt rossijskogo informacionnogo kanala «Izvestija».
8. Mazdogova Z.Z., Mashekuasheva M.H. Ob opyte jeffektivnogo protivodejstvija terrorizmu v landshafte sovremennyh ugroz // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 8 (135). - S. 329-331
9. Putin i Aun osudili ispol'zovanie terrorizma v geopoliticheskih celjah // Oficial'nyj sajt RIA ot 26.03.2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20190326/1552135645.html (data obrashhenija: 02.07.2021).
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Misrokov T. Z.
Evolution of Russian legislation on countering extremism
The article examines the evolutionary path of development of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of countering extremism. The author analyzes the comprehensive approach used by the state in the fight against extremist threats, combining, on the one hand, restrictive measures aimed at preventing the spread of extremist ideology, and providing for criminal and administrative liability for illegal actions in this area, and, on the other hand, guarantee a state of freedom of conscience, cultural life, and respect by state authorities for the customs and traditions of the peoples of Russia.
Keywords: countering extremism, preventive activities, legislative regulation, criminal and administrative responsibility, an integrated approach.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii // «Rossijskaja gazeta» ot 25 dekabrja 1993 g. – # 237.
2. Kodeks ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ //«Rossijskaja gazeta» ot 31 dekabrja 2001 g. – # 256.
3. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 23 marta 1995 g. # 310 «O merah po obespecheniju soglasovannyh dejstvij organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti v bor'be s projavlenijami fashizma i inyh form politicheskogo jekstremizma v Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie
zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27 marta 1995 g. – # 13. – St. 1127.
4. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 26 ijulja 2011 g. # 988 «O Mezhvedomstvennoj komissii po protivodejstviju jekstremizmu v Rossijskoj Federacii» (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 1 avgusta 2011 g. – # 31. –St. 4705.
5. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 29 maja 2020 g. # 344 «Ob utverzhdenii Strategii protivodejstvija jekstremizmu v Rossijskoj Federacii do 2025 goda» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 1 ijunja 2020 g. – # 22. – St. 3475.
6. Federal'nyj zakon ot 26 sentjabrja 1997 g. # 125-FZ «O svobode sovesti i o religioznyh ob"edinenijah»// Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29 sentjabrja 1997 g. – # 39. – St. 4465.
7. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii» ot 27 ijulja 2006 g. # 149-FZ // «Rossijskaja gazeta» ot 29 ijulja 2006 g. –# 165.
8. Federal'nyj zakon «O bezopasnosti» 28 dekabrja 2010 g. # 390-FZ // «Rossijskaja gazeta» ot 29 dekabrja 2010 g. –# 295.
9. Zakon RF «O sredstvah massovoj informacii» ot 27 dekabrja 1991 g. # 2124-1 // «Rossijskaja gazeta» ot 8 fevralja 1992 g. –# 32.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Ovchinnikov O. A.
Review of the State strategy for countering illicit drug trafficking
The article is devoted to theoretical and practical aspects of the effectiveness of the current legal framework for regulating the activities of state bodies in the field of countering illegal drug trafficking in the Russian Federation. Identification of problems in the regulatory legal regulation should be associated with a thorough study of the practical experience of law enforcement agencies and making proposals for updating and improving legislation in the field under study.
Keywords: countering illegal drug trafficking, offense, legal regulation, strategy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gavrilin Ju.V. Pravovye i organizacionnye osnovy protivodejstvija nezakonnomu oborotu narkoticheskih sredstv i psihotropnyh veshhestv. – M.: Jurist, 2021. – 114 s.
2. Galenskaja L.N. Mezhdunarodnaja bor'ba s prestupnost'ju. – M.: Prosveshhenie, 2019. – 136 s.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Urusov Z. Kh.
Constitutional and legal mechanisms for countering terrorism in the Russian Federation
In the article, the author examines the mechanisms of countering terrorism, crimes of a terrorist nature and extremism. Currently, it is considered as a global problem of humanity, which represents the real constitutional foundations of the state structure and society as a whole, state and public security, state sovereignty and territorial integrity of the state.
Keywords: fight against terrorism, terrorist crime, extremism, territorial integrity of the state.
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjataja vseobshhim golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 1 ijulja 2020 goda) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. - 02.07.2020. - # 1. - St. 4398.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 05.04.2021) // SZ RF. -1996. - # 25. - St. 2954.
3. Federal'nyj Zakon «O protivodejstvii terrorizmu» ot 06.03.2006 # 35-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_58840/.
4. Vishnjakov Ja.D., Kiseleva S.P., Vasin S.G. Protivodejstvie terrorizmu: uchebnik / Pod red. Ja. D. Vishnjakova: Izdatel'skij centr «Akademija», 2012.
5. Moshkina N.A. Rol' organov mestnogo samoupravlenija v obespechenii nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii // Municipal'naja sluzhba:pravovye voprosy. - 2016. - # 2.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Shabetya I. V., Gabzalilov V. F.
Topical issues of preventive work to counteract the spread of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances (based on the materials of the Anti-drug Commission of the Republic of Bashkortostan)
The article reveals some issues of the activities of the anti-drug Commission of the Republic of Bashkortostan, the reasons for the current situation with the use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances in the Republic of Bashkortostan, factors contributing to the spread of drug addiction in the Republic of Bashkortostan. The article considers the activities of state bodies on the implementation of the subprogram “Countering drug abuse and illicit trafficking” and indicators of the effectiveness of its implementation. The indicators of the intensity of the drug situation are analyzed.
Keywords: counteraction to drug abuse, narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances, illegal trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, anti-drug commission.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18 oktjabrja 2007 g. # 1374 «O dopolnitel'nyh merah po protivodejstviju nezakonnomu oborotu narkoticheskih sredstv, psihotropnyh veshhestv i ih prekursorov» (vmeste s «Polozheniem o Gosudarstvennom antinarkoticheskom komitete», «Polozheniem ob antinarkoticheskoj komissii v sub"ekte Rossijskoj Federacii»). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 11.07.2021).
2. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 9 ijunja 2010 g. # 690 «Ob utverzhdenii Strategii gosudarstvennoj antinarkoticheskoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii do 2020 goda». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 11.07.2021).
3. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 23 nojabrja 2020 g. # 733 «Ob utverzhdenii Strategii gosudarstvennoj antinarkoticheskoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2030 goda». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 11.07.2021).
4. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 20 ijunja 2011 g. # 485 «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o gosudarstvennoj sisteme monitoringa narkosituacii v Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 11.07.2021).
5. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Respubliki Bashkortostan ot 2 oktjabrja 2020 g. # 586 «Ob utverzhdenii gosudarstvennoj programmy «Obespechenie obshhestvennoj bezopasnosti v Respublike Bashkortostan». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 11.07.2021).
6. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Respubliki Bashkortostan ot 31 dekabrja 2014 g. # 670 «O gosudarstvennoj programme «Obespechenie obshhestvennoj bezopasnosti v Respublike Bashkortostan». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 11.07.2021).
7. Doklad o narkosituacii v Respublike Bashkortostan v 2020 godu / Antinarkoticheskaja komissija Respubliki Bashkortostan, Ministerstvo vnutrennih del po Respublike Bashkortostan. - Ufa:Izd-vo «Zdravoohranenie Bashkortostana», 2021.- 158 s.
8. Metodika i porjadok osushhestvlenija monitoringa, a takzhe kriterii ocenki razvitija narkosituacii v Rossijskoj Federacii i ee sub"ektah(tretij peresmotr), utverzhdennaja protokolom zasedanija Gosudarstvennogo antinarkoticheskogo komiteta ot 15 fevralja 2017 g. # 32. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 11.07.2021).
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Shamaev A. M.
Improvement of legislative implementation in the field of road safety
Changes in the world community, in the light of the consequences of the pandemic situation, the conjuncture, especially in the field of law enforcement, require even greater efforts from the competent authorities in the light of the fact that the previously problematic areas, especially in the field of prevention and combating offenses and crime, remain and require commensurate due attention. Ensuring road safety remains one of these problems. Despite the generally effective measures taken, it should be recognized that at present the goal of reducing the level of offenses in the field of road safety has not been achieved. It is necessary to continue the comprehensive impact, including through the improvement of legislative regulation.
Keywords: traffic, safety, administrative offense, rule-making.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akkaeva H.A., Gauzhaeva V.A., Nesterenko A.V. Obshhie polozhenija taktiki osmotra mesta proisshestvija v svete obespechenija sanitarno-jepidimiologicheskogo blagopoluchija naselenija v svjazi s rasprostraneniem novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii (COVID-19)// V sbornike: Kriminalistika - nauka bez granic:tradicii i novacii. Materialy vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Sostaviteli:A.V. Bachieva, Je.V. Lantuh. - Sankt-Peterburg, 2021.- S. 10-15.
2. Gutaev A.M. Pravovye osnovy preduprezhdenija prestuplenij v sfere bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve.- 2021. - T. 14. - # 3. - S. 154-157.
3. Kardanov A.K. Jeffektivnoe protivodejstvie prestupnosti v uslovijah globalizacii: problemy i perspektivy // Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2020.
4. Korkmazov A.V. Protivodejstvie prestupnosti v ramkah realizacii municipal'noj programmy «Bezopasnyj gorod» v g.o. Nal'chik // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 6 (145). - S. 410-411.
5. Safronov D.M., Shamaev A.M. Pandemija COVID-19 kak vozmozhnaja prichina vozniknovenija massovyh besporjadkov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 4 (143). - S. 393-394.
6. Tarchokov B.A., Shogenov T.M., Buraeva L.A. Vlijanie negativnyh posledstvij pandemii koronavirusa na mirovuju jekonomiku // V sbornike: Dostizhenija vuzovskoj nauki - 2021. Sbornik statej XVII Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo konkursa. -Penza, 2021. - S. 161-163.
7. Urusov Z.H. Mery obespechenija pri proizvodstve po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah// Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021. - # 4(155). - S. 126-127.
8. Shamaev A.M. Voprosy sovershenstvovanija zakonodatel'stva v sfere obespechenija bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021. - # 2 (153). - S. 405–406.
9. Shhagapsoev Z.L., Kanunnikova N.G. K voprosu o neobhodimosti sovershenstvovanija dejstvujushhego administrativnogo zakonodatel'stva v oblasti obespechenija bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija //Innovacii i investicii. - 2014. - # 8. - S. 174-177.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Shercnianykh A. S.
Actual spoofing methods
The article is devoted to a currently quite common type of cyberfraud - spoofing. The article gives the concept of spoofing, provides a classification of spoofing attacks, examines a new type of spoofing attack – deepfake, which became available with the development and widespread use of artificial intelligence.
Keywords: cyberfraud, spoofing, deepfake.
Work bibliographic list
1. Biomery budut prinjaty: gazeta Kommersant". –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4721686 (data obrashhenija: 04.08.2021).
2. Vooruzhennyj glaz: kak raspoznat' dipfejk. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://iz.ru/1137510/mariia-nemtceva/vooruzhennyi-glaz-kakraspoznat-dipfeik (data obrashhenija: 04.08.2021).
3. Interv'ju RIA Novosti vice-prezidenta Rostelekoma po informacionnoj bezopasnosti Igorja Ljapunova //RIA Novosti: sajt. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim do-
stupa: https://ria.ru/20201218/kiberbezopasnost-1589645204.html (data obrashhenija: 18.12.2020).
4. Klientov bankov predupredili o novoj sheme internet-moshennichestva: novostnoj sajt «Real'noe vremja». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://realnoevremya.ru/news/217691-group-ib-predupredilarossiyan-o-novoy-sheme-moshennichestva-v-internete(data obrashhenija: 13.07.2021).
5. Prizraki obmana – sajt Rossijskoj gazety. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2021/02/11/mvd-obiavilo-konkurs-na-razrabotkusistemy-dlia-vyiavleniia-dipfejkov.html (data obrashhenija: 04.08.2021).
6. Statistika i analitika: oficial'nyj sajt MVD Rossii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://mvd.rf/reports/item/24742236/ (data obrashhenija: 13.07.2021).
7. Tehnologii Deepfake kak ugroza informacionnoj bezopasnosti. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.anti-malware.ru/analytics/Threats_Analysis/Deepfakes-as-a-information-security-threat#part51(data obrashhenija: 26.07.2021).
8. Chto takoe spufing i kak predotvratit' spufing-ataku: www.securitylab.ru. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.securitylab.ru/blog/company/PandaSecurityRus/350091.php (data obrashhenija: 13.07.2021).
9. Matern F., Riess C. and Stamminger M. Exploiting Visual Artifacts to Expose Deepfakes and Face Manipulations. 2019 IEEE Winter Applications of Computer Vision Workshops (WACVW). – 2019. – Rp. 83-92, doi: 10.1109/WACVW.2019.00020.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Shigalugova M. Kh., Fedina L. M.
Some legal aspects of the organization and conduct of public events in the Russian Federation
This article describes in detail the requirements for holding a public event in the Russian Federation, the procedure for notifying state and municipal authorities. From the point of view of the democratization of society, the legal freedom of the population, every condition for the mandatory approval of an application for holding a public event is analyzed. The legal status of the organizer of the event, its subsidiary responsibility for violations of law and order committed by other participants is considered separately. In conclusion, it is concluded that there is a need for a reasonable combination of democratization of a public event, freedom of expression of citizens ‘ will during its holding and strict legal regulation.
Keywords: public event, rally, march, demonstration, picketing, freedom of speech, expression of will.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avdeev D.A. Juridicheskij golos politicheskoj voli rossijskih grazhdan, ili sovremennye problemy publichnyh meroprijatij // Sovremennoe pravo. –2018. – # 12. – S. 28.
2. Kondrashev A.A. Svoboda sobranij v Rossii: sistemnye defekty zakonodatel'stva i politiko-pravovaja praktika // Sravnitel'noe konstitucionnoe obozrenie. – 2017. – # 6.
3. Opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 2 aprelja 2009 goda #484-O-P // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. Nomer opublikovanija: 0001202006080001;data opublikovanija: 08.06.2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru(data obrashhenija: 29.07.2021).
5. Salenko A.V. Svoboda mirnyh sobranij v Rossijskoj Federacii: neskol'ko tezisov ob aktual'nyh problemah // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2018. – #1 (253). – S. 118-127.
6. Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF ot 2004. – # 25. – St. 2485.
7. Taribo E.V. Problemy realizacii svobody vyrazhenija mnenij i svobody sobranij v praktike konstitucionnogo pravosudija // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2018. – # 2.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Yakovchuk T. V., Cherniadeva A. S.
Mechanisms of international legal protection of athletes’ rights
The mechanisms of international legal protection of athletes’ rights are analyzed in the article. The authors show the effectiveness of methods of protecting the rights of athletes in modern international law. According to the authors, the uncertainty of the international legal means of protecting the rights of athletes exists in international law. In order to prevent the «policy of double standards» and the issuance of politicized decisions by international judicial institutions, the authors propose to establish uniform international legal standards for human rights in the field of sports. The authors argue that the main provisions of international human rights law should be taken into account when making judgments on international sports disputes.
The measures that will ensure the international legal protection of the rights of athletes are proposed by the authors. This could be the adoption of a special “sports” protocol to the 1966 Covenant on Social, Economic and Cultural Rights.
In the course of the analysis of the law in the field of sports, which were confirmed in the law enforcement practice of the European Court of Human Rights, the authors highlighted the following: the right to access to sports activities and physical education, the right to a safe living environment in the field of sports, the right to create sports organizations.
Keywords: human rights, sports, doping, International Charter for Physical Education, Physical Activity and Sport.
Work bibliographic list
1. Venskaja Konvencija o prave mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov ot 23.05.1969 g. St. 20 // Vedomosti VS SSSR. 10.09.1986. # 37. St. 772.
2. Rezoljucija 67/296 General'noj Assamblei OON ot 23 avgusta 2013 g. Preambula. Doc: A/RES/67/296 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020 g.).
3. Zaharova L.I. O sport, ty – mir! M., 2013. 271 s.
4. Ignatenko G.V. Tiunov O.I. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: uchebnik. Norma Infra-M. M., 2010. 783 s.
5. Mezhdunarodnyj den' sporta na blago razvitija i mira // JuNESKO [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.unesco.org/commemorations/sportpeaceday (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020 g.).
6. Mezhpravitel'stvennyj komitet po fizicheskomu vospitaniju i sportu (SIGEPS)//JuNESKO. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://en.unesco.org/themes/sport-and-anti-doping/cigeps (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020 g.).
7. Sport i bor'ba s dopingom //Organizacija OON po voprosam obrazovanija, nauki i kul'tury. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.unesco.org/themes/sport-and-anti-doping.
8. Sport i prava cheloveka – estestvennye sojuzniki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.ohchr.org/RU/NewsEvents/Stories/Pages/HighCommissionerDialogues.aspx (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020 g.).
9. Aperçu du rapport 2015 sur les VRAD. Agence Mondiale Antidopage. R.4 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.wada-ama.org (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020 g.).
10. International Charter of Physical Education, Physical Activity and Sport. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://stillmed.olympic.org/ (data obrashhenija: 16.12.2020 g.).
 
STATE AND LAW
Tlupova A. V., Maremkulova R. N., Mambetova K. M.
Classification of types of legal monitoring of legislation in the Russian Federation
The legal system in any state. Regulate all branches of its functioning. State, public life undergoes changes over time. In addition, there are a number of errors. Legal monitoring is the most important means of bringing to an optimal state of the public administration system, which is a complex, dynamic structure, by monitoring it and making changes. The article considered the legal monitoring of legislation, gave a definition of its concept, as well as a classification of the types of legal monitoring.
Keywords: legal monitoring, types, legislation, classification, public authorities, laws
Work bibliographic list
1. Gorohov D. B., Spektor E. I., Glazkova M. E. Pravovoj monitoring. Koncepcija i organizacija // Zhurnal Rossijskogo Prava. - 2007. - # 5. - S. 25–38.
2. Luk'janova V. Ju., Pavlushkin A. V Monitoring zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii: dinamika i tendencii razvitija v postsovetskij period // Monitoring pravoprimenenija. – 2021. - # 2 (39). – S. 4–12.
3. Tolmacheva N. N. Monitoring zakona ot praktiki k teorii // Pravo i jekonomika. - 2006. - # 7. - S. 3–11.
 
STATE AND LAW
Gofman A. A., Timoschuk A. S.
Digital praxeology
Bureaucracy, as a rationalized management system, is being transformed in the era of digitalization in order to achieve an effective, expedient structure of the organization and state. The development of civil society, increased requirements for the manageability of society, an increase in the speed of social processes - all these are factors that determined anti-bureaucratic sentiments and put the problem of new state administration on the agenda.
Keywords: praxeology, bureaucracy, de-bureaucratization, digitalization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gofman A.A., Timoshhuk A.S. Vysshaja shkola v uslovijah cifrovoj transformacii // Strategicheskie prioritety social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija regiona v uslovijah cifrovoj transformacii. – Ufa: Institut strategicheskih issledovanij Respubliki Bashkortostan, 2020. – S. 65-69.
2. Zasedanie Soveta po nauke i obrazovaniju. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://kremlin.ru/events/president/news/64977.
3. Morozov V.M., Timoshhuk A.S. Psihologicheskie nagruzki prepodavatelej sotrudnikov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy // Penitenciarnoe pravo: juridicheskaja teorija i pravoprimenitel'naja praktika. –2017. – # 4 (14). – S. 29-34.
4. Putin V.V. Soveshhanie s chlenami Pravitel'stva 5 fevralja 2020 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://kremlin.ru/events/president/news/62734.
5. Timoshhuk A.S. Cocial'no-psihologicheskie osobennosti obrazovatel'noj sredy v obrazovatel'nyh organizacijah FSIN Rossii // Social'nye i psihologicheskie problemy sovremennogo obrazovanija (29 nojabrja 2018 g.). – Irkutsk: Vost.-Sib. in-t M-va
vnutr. del Rossii, 2018. – S. 359-365.
6. T'jagi R. Sistemnye aspekty cifrovizacii universitetskogo online-obrazovanija // Noosfernye issledovanija. – 2020. – # 3. – S. 64-68.
 
STATE AND LAW
Ivliev P. V., Ananjeva E. O.
The development of libraries in Russia as a way of mass information education of young people:problems and solutions
This article touches upon the objective historical prerequisites for the development of libraries in the Russian Federation and the need for their further transformation into a new digital era with the widespread use and use of information technologies. The possible obstacles and difficulties that hinder the development of the library network in the Russian Federation are considered. The
authors analyze and propose solutions to organizational, technical, legislative, financial, personnel, administrative problems of library development, as well as other ways.
Keywords: civil legislation, digital technologies, information space, library network, Internet, educational projects, mass media, digital library platforms.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 09.05.2017 g. # 203 «O Strategii razvitija informacionnogo obshhestva v Rossijskoj Federacii na 2017-2030 gody».
2. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 13 marta 2021g. # 608-r «Ob utverzhdenii Strategii razvitija bibliotechnogo dela v RF na perio d do 2030 g.».
 
STATE AND LAW
Tulupova E. O., Demidova T. K., Yusupova R. R.
Inclusion as a principle and a right: German experience
For more than a decade, the international community has recognized the fact that children, due to their age, have unique characteristics and needs as subjects of law, which should be taken into account in all spheres of life. Disabled children who are vulnerable due to their special position at the very beginning of their formation as a person-in the educational environment - are particularly in need of state support today. The main goal of inclusive education is to provide all people, without exception, with the same opportunities to participate in a high-quality and accessible educational process and to develop their potential. Inclusive education is the right to ordinary education in an ordinary environment (school, university...). It focuses on the different needs of unusual learners and uses a variety of approaches as a learning opportunity. In other words, it is not the student who needs to be integrated into the educational system, but the state and its educational system must take into account and adapt to its needs. The latter allows us to attribute it also to the principles.
Keywords: inclusion, education, Germany, human rights, convention, disabled person, UN, discrimination, child.
Work bibliographic list
1. Danilova L.N., Pronicheva E.V. Problema inkljuzivnogo obrazovanija v Federativnoj Respublike germanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/problema-inklyuzivnogoobrazovaniya-v-federativnoy-respublike-germaniya.(data obrashhenija: 1.04.2021).
2. Inkljuzija - za i protiv. Opyt Germanii v realizacii inkljuzivnogo obrazovanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.obrazov.org/info/articles/inklyuziya-za-i-protiv-opyt-germanii-v-realizatsiiinklyuzivnogo-obrazovaniya/.(data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021).
3. Inkljuzija - za i protiv. Opyt Germanii v realizacii inkljuzivnogo obrazovanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.obrazov.org/info/articles/inklyuziya-za-i-protiv-opyt-germanii-v-realizatsiiinklyuzivnogo-obrazovaniya/.(data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021).
4. Tulupova E.O. Inkljuzivnoe Obrazovanie V Germanii. Konstitucionalizm, ego principy i ih rol' v razvitii i zashhite prav cheloveka: cbornik tezisov dokladov III Molodezhnyh obrazovatel'nyh chtenij (24 maja 2018 g., g. Ufa). – Ufa: Ajeterna, 2018. S. 244.
5. Action Human. Inklusionsquoten in Deutschland. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.aktion-mensch.de/inklusion/bildung/hintergrund/zahlen-daten-und-fakten/inklusionsquoten.html.(data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021); Aktion Mensch. DIEZEIT (2019). Schulische Inklusion. Untersuchung zuEinstellungen zu schulischer Inklusion und Wirkungen
im Bildungsverlauf (S.21). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.aktion-mensch.de/inklusion/bildung/hintergrund/zahlen-daten-undfakten/studie-inklusion-schule.html. (data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021).
6. Eva-Maria Thoms. Fakten: Inklusive Bildung In Deutschland. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://dkdu-kampagne.mittendrin-koeln.de/factsheet. (data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021).
7. Eva-Maria Thoms. Von Nackten Zahlen Und Gefühlten Wahrheiten. [Jelektronnyj resurs] – Rezhim dostupa: https://dkdu-kampagne.mittendrin-koeln.de/von_nackten_zahlen_und_gefuehlten_wahrheiten. (Data obrashhenija: 1.04.2021).
8. Inklusive Bildung im Ländervergleich. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.fes.de/gutegesellschaft-soziale-demokratie 2017plus/gute-arbeitund-sozialer-fortschritt/projekte/inklusive-bildung-imlaendervergleich/. (Data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021).
9. Sven Mißling, Oliver Ückert.Inklusive Bildung: Schulgesetze auf dem Prüfstand. 2014. [Jelektron nyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.instituter menschenrechte.de/uploads/tx_commerce/Studie_Inklusive_Bildung_Schulgesetze_auf_dem_Pruefstand.pdf. (Data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021).
10. Studie Klemm, Bertelsmann-Stiftung, Sonderweg Förderschule. Hoher Einsatz, wenig Perspektiven, S.4.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.bertelsmannstiftung.de/de/publikationen/publikation/did/sonderweg-foerderschulen-hohereinsatz-wenigperspektiven/.( data obrashhenija: 23.08.2021).
11. Studie Klemm, Bertelsmann-Stiftung, Sonderweg Förderschule. Hoher Einsatz, wenig Perspektiven, S.4.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.bertelsmann-stiftung.de/fileadmin/files/BSt/Publikationen/GrauePublikationen/GP_Sonderweg_Foerderschulen.pdf.(data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021).
12. Willkommen beim Verband Sonderpädagogik e.V. (vds). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.verband-sonderpaedagogik.de/?error=1.(Data obrashhenija: 1.08.2021).
 
STATE AND LAW
Tlupova A. V., Kymisheva M. K.
Methodological basis and system of principles for implementing legal monitoring in the Russian Federation
Society itself is the very rules by which it lives. In our state establishment of social norms, among which an important role is assigned to law. Understanding law only as a set of legal acts and norms reduces its legal impact. Law is effective - in action, implementation, development, protection and renewal. There are a large number of regulations. Changing the quality of law enforcement is impossible without a motivated, understandable to society and conducted with its participation the process of improving the system of legal monitoring, which causes the relevance of the study of this legal institution in modern conditions.
Keywords: legal monitoring, principles, methodology, method, legislation, law enforcement, draft law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gorohov D.B., Spektor E.I., Glazkova M.E. Pravovoj monitoring. Koncepcija i organizacija // Zhurnal Rossijskogo Prava. - 2007. - # 5. - S. 25-38.
2. Luk'janova V.Ju., Pavlushkin A.V. Monitoring zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii: dinamika i tendencii razvitija v postsovetskij period // Monitoring pravoprimenenija. – 2021. - # 2 (39). – S. 4-12.
3. Tlupova A.V., Betrozov A.O. Regional'nyj pravovoj monitoring zakonoproekta i zakona v sub"ektah Severo-Kavkazskogo federal'nogo okruga: monografija. - Nal'chik: Izdatel'stvo Kabardino-Balkarskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2019 – 139 s.

PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Babin A. V., Lukyanov A. B.
Actual problems of physical training and sports of employees of internal affairs bodies and ways to solve them
The article deals with the actual problems of physical fitness of employees of the internal affairs bodies and the causes of their occurrence. The ways of their solution are proposed in order to improve the efficiency of performing operational and official tasks assigned to employees of internal affairs bodies. The analysis of the readiness of police officers on the knowledge of the main provisions of the manual on the organization of service training is carried out.
Keywords: police officers, physical training, fighting techniques of wrestling.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ob utverzhdenii Nastavlenija po organizacii fizicheskoj podgotovki v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii: prikaz MVD Rossii ot 1 ijulja 2017 g. # 450. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/71647620/ (data obrashhenija: 01.09.2021).– Tekst: jelektronnyj.
2. O policii [Tekst]: Federal'nyj zakon ot 7 fevralja 2011 g. # 3-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. - 2011. - # 7.
3. Stepanov G.I., Kim V.O., Tuko D.D., Matveev A.S. Rol' i znachenie fizicheskoj kul'tury i sporta v professional'noj podgotovke obuchajushhihsja obrazovatel'nyh organizacij MVD Rossii // Mezhdunarodnaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija «Aktual'nye problemy fizicheskoj kul'tury, sporta i turizma». - Ufimskij gosudarstvennyj aviacionnyj tehnicheskij universitet, 2020. - S.470. – Tekst: neposredstvennyj.
4. Smaznov K.S., Lobzha M.T., Kislyj A.N. Princip metodicheskoj napravlennosti gimnastiki i atleticheskoj podgotovki // uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P. F. Lesgafta, 2020. - # 2 (180). - S.357-362. – Tekst: neposredstvennyj.
5. Tissen P. P. Uslovija realizacii soderzhanija fizkul'turnogo obrazovanija uchashhihsja v aspekte vnedrenija FGOS. Sbornik statej Vserossijskoj nauchno-metodicheskoj konferencii. - Orenburg: izdatel'stvo OGPU, 2017. - S. 252-254.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Girenok G. A.
CORCAN: stories of success?
In the article the author analyses the special features of CORCAN activity. The author stresses that CORCAN is a key rehabilitation program of the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC). It contributes to safe communities by providing offenders with employment and employability skills training while incarcerated in federal penitentiaries, and for brief periods of time, after they are released into the community. This is done through on-the-job vocational training that focuses on four business lines: Manufacturing, Textiles, Construction, and Services. The article deals with the current situation in CORCAN.
Keywords: inmates’ rehabilitation program, on-the-job vocational training, successful reentry into society, decrease in recidivism, with a focus on labour market needs, partnership with non-for-profit enterprises and private sector, taxpayers’ cost.
Work bibliographic list
1. Tjur'ma v Kanade. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://tyurma.com/tyurma-za-rubezhom/tyurma-v-kanade.
2. CORCAN. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.csc-scc.gc.ca/corcan/002005-1001-en.shtml.
3. Habitat for Humanity. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.habitat.org/emea.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Zinnatov R. R.
Sambo as an element of professionally applied physical training in educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
The relevance of the study of the topic of this article is due to the fact that in the educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia there is a contradiction between the need to increase the level of professional-applied physical training of cadets and the inconsistency of the content of the discipline “Physical training”, the absence of developed methods of using sambo techniques to form skills of fighting techniques of wrestling.
Keywords: physical training, sambo, single combat, sport, fighting techniques of wrestling.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antipov V.A., Cherkashin D.V., Antipova E.V. Primenenie jekspertnyh sistem v mediko-pedagogicheskom soprovozhdenii fizicheskoj podgotovki kursantov i slushatelej obrazovatel'nyh organizacij MVD Rossii // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2017. - # 1 (73). - S. 155-161.
2. Galimova A.G., Kudrjavcev M.D., Galimov G.Ja. Povyshenie fizicheskoj podgotovlennosti kursantov vuzov vuza MVD Rossii // Vestnik Burjatskogo gosudarstven-
nogo universiteta. Pedagogika. Filologija. Filosofija. - 2016. - # 4. - S. 65-71.
3. Grebnev D.Ju. Sovershenstvovanie dvigatel'nyh reakcij u kursantov VUZov MVD Rossii na zanjatijah po boevym priemam bor'by // Boevye iskusstva i sportivnye edinoborstva: nauka, praktika, vospitanie. Materialy II Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. - M., 2017.
4. Dvorkin V.M. Fizicheskaja podgotovka sotrudnikov pravoohranitel'nyh organov k vypolneniju operativno-sluzhebnyh zadach // Alleja nauki. - 2018. - T. 4. - # 3 (19). - S. 704-707.
5. Dement'ev V.L., Platonov D.A. Boevye i sportivnye sistemy edinoborstva, ih vzaimosvjaz' i vzaimoo-buslovlennost' // Mater. XII Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt.konf.: «Sambo shagaet po planete». - M.: RGUFKSMiT,2012. - S. 141-144.
6. Puzhaev V.V., Chehranov Ju.V., Dement'ev V.L. Soderzhatel'nye aspekty taktiki vypolnenija boevyh priemov bor'by // Boevye iskusstva i sportivnye edinoborstva: nauka, praktika, vospitanie: materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. - M., 2016.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Mingulov I. R., Lukyanov A. B.
The place and importance of physical culture in the prevention of osteochondrosis, kyphosis and scoliosis of law enforcement officers
The main elements of physical education in the prevention of osteochondrosis, scoliosis and kyphosis of police officers are considered. Particular attention is paid to the causes and consequences of the development of these diseases. From the practical point of view, the types of exercises and sports aimed at general strengthening of the spine are named. Additional factors affecting the mobility of the spine, such as nutrition and drinking regime, are named. Practical recommendations for performing health-improving exercises, as well as the medical component of these diseases, are given.
Keywords: training process, osteochondrosis, kyphosis, physical activity, preventive measures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz Minzdrava RF ot 20.08.2001 # 337 «O merah po dal'nejshemu razvitiju i sovershenstvovaniju sportivnoj mediciny i lechebnoj fizkul'tury».
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Kardanov A. K.
On some issues of using distance educational technologies in the educational process of the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
The use of distance learning technologies in the context of the corona virus pandemic remains a poorly understood issue. Most spheres of human life turned out to be not ready for a fight with a pandemic and literally on the go they had to reshape their usual way of life. They also touched upon these transformations and the educational process, when the country’s leadership decided to immediately transfer all students to a distance learning format. Leading universities of the country reacted positively to the use of distance learning technologies, deciding to transfer this practice to subsequent education, motivating this by optimizing the educational process and saving on teaching labor. In this study, we tried to reveal the advantages and disadvantages of using distance learning technologies in educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia on the example of physical and firepower training of cadets and students.
Keywords: cadets, listeners, educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, distance educational technologies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kardanov A. K. Distancionnoe obuchenie sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del rossijskoj federacii po discipline «Fizicheskaja podgotovka»: problemy i puti reshenija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2020. - T. 13. - # 4. - S. 121-125.
2. Kardanov A. K., Nastuev Je. B. Primenenie distancionnogo obuchenija na zanjatijah po fizicheskoj kul'ture so slushateljami obrazovatel'nyh organizacij MVD Rossii // Gumanitarnye issledovanija Central'noj Rossii. - 2020. - # 2 (15). - S. 39-44.
3. Meshev I. H. Primenenie sovremennyh obrazovatel'nyh tehnologij na zanjatijah po fizicheskoj podgotovke // Obrazovanie. Nauka. Nauchnye kadry. - 2021. - # 1. - S. 196-198.
4. Musakaev V. M., Thagalegov A. A. Jeffektivnost' distancionnyh metodov obuchenija na zanjatijah po fizicheskoj podgotovke // Kul'tura fizicheskaja i zdorov'e. - 2020. - # 4 (76). - S. 54-56.
5. Nastuev Je. B. Primenenie sovremennyh obrazovatel'nyh tehnologij na zanjatijah po fizicheskoj podgotovke so slushateljami obrazovatel'nyh organizacij MVD Rossii // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2021. - T. 14. - # 4. - S. 87-90.
6. Plankin K. V. Slozhnosti i perspektivy realizacii distancionnoj formy obuchenija v obrazovatel'nyh organizacijah MVD Rossii v uslovijah pandemii COVID-19 // Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2020. - T. 5. -# 2 (10). - S. 211-215.
7. Thazeplov R. L., Malkandueva L. A. Uslovija jeffektivnoj realizacii distancionnyh metodov obuchenija v sisteme professional'nogo obrazovanija // Obrazovanie. Nauka. Nauchnye kadry. - 2020. - # 4.- S. 340-342.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Koblov F. Ch.
To the question of the philosophy of pedagogical excellence in educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
Exploring the components of pedagogical skills in the educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, the author comes to the conclusion about the importance of the applied methods and techniques of the lesson in achieving the educational goals of the educational process. According to the author, provided that the educational process involves teachers who master the methodology and technique of the lesson, the educational goals of the lesson, as well as the educational process as a whole, will be achieved more fully and more effectively.
Keywords: pedagogical skills, educational process, lesson methodology and technique, integrated planning.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz Ministerstva truda i social'noj zashhity RF ot 8 sentjabrja 2015 g. # 608n «Ob utverzhdenii professional'nogo standarta» Pedagog pro-fessional'nogo obuchenija, professional'nogo obrazovanija i dopolnitel'nogo professional'nogo obrazovanija.
2. Babanskij Ju.K. Optimizacija uchebno-vospitatel'nogo processa. Metod. osnovy. - M.: Prosveshhenie, 1982.
3. Koblov F.Ch. K voprosu o pedagogicheskom masterstve v obrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenijah MVD Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - # 10 (125). - S. 411-412.
4. Skatkin M.N. Sovershenstvovanie processa obuchenija. - M.: Pedagogika, 1971.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Kоrkmazov A. V., Kuchmezov R. A., Bondar A. G.
Personal and sense characteristics of the discipline of courses and listeners training in educational organizations of the MIA of Russia
Compliance with discipline is an essential component of a wide variety of areas of human life. The discipline of cadets and students consists in obeying the order established in the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and depending on the specifics of a specific operational and service and service-combat activity, which requires the manifestation of such qualities as accuracy, diligence, endurance, speed of execution of orders and orders. The formation of discipline of cadets and students in the learning process consists in increasing their awareness in making decisions, volitional qualities, responsibility and perseverance in solving professional problems, self-control, etc. hence, the value-semantic characteristic of the discipline consists in the ability to consciously and qualitatively achieve goals and tasks of the performed activity, overcoming internal and external obstacles.
Keywords: cadets, listeners, value-semantic attitudes, educational organizations of the Ministry
of Internal Affairs of Russia, discipline.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aleshhenko M.V. Disciplinirovannost' v strukture volevyh svojstv haraktera // V sbornike: Psihologo-pedagogicheskie issledovanija v Sibiri. Sbornik trudov prepodavatelej i studentov fakul'teta psihologii i pedagogiki Omskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. - Omsk, 2016. - S. 6-8.
2. Bol'shunova N.Ja., Aleshhenko M. V. Disciplinirovannost', ee struktura i tipologija u voennosluzhashhih (kursantov) vojsk nacional'noj gvardii Rossijskoj Federacii // Sibirskij pedagogicheskij zhurnal. - 2018. - # 5. - S. 69-82.
3. Kovalenko V.I., Kovalenko E.V., Voronov D.A. Cennostno-smyslovaja napravlennost' obrazovatel'nogo processa v obrazovatel'nyh organizacijah MVD Rossii // Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovanija. - 2019. - # 62-2. - S. 116-119.
4. Korkmazov A.V., Sagradova T.G. Osobennostej projavlenija lichnostno smyslovoj sfery v kachestve reguljatora professional'nogo stanovlenija budushhego specialista // Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovanija. - 2018. - # 59-2. - S. 95-97.
5. Korkmazov A.V. Rol' lichnostno smyslovoj sfery v professional'nom razvitii individa // Jekonomicheskie i gumanitarnye issledovanija regionov. - 2018. - # 1. - S. 18-20.
6. Pochtareva E.Ju. Cennostno-smyslovaja sfera lichnosti: sushhnost', determinanty, mehanizmy razvitija //Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Filosofija. Psihologija. Sociologija. - 2017. - # 4 (32). - S. 563-575.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Magomedaliev M. M.
Features of the development of power abilities in hand-to-hand fighters at the initial stage of training
The article deals with the aspects and features of the development of power abilities at the initial stage of training for schoolchildren aged 14-16 years. To increase the strength ability, a technique was developed, which was later applied in pedagogical activity. A set of exercises chosen correctly for novice athletes from an early age will serve to develop strength endurance, as well as other physical qualities. Hand-to-hand combat is unique in that it uses both wrestling equipment and almost all striking equipment. The purpose of training strength abilities is to improve the development of strength endurance during life, creating conditions for the necessary progression.
Keywords: hand-to-hand combat, methodology, training process, tactics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Atilov A.A. Sovremennyj boks / Serija «Mastera boevyh iskusstv». – Rostov n/D: Feniks, 2003.
2. Boks. Uchebnik dlja institutov fizicheskoj kul'tury / Pod obshhej red. I.P. Degtjareva. – M.: Fizkul'tura i sport, 1979.
3. Boks. Pravila sorevnovanij. – M.: Federacija boksa Rossii, 2012.
4. Vajcehovskij S.M. Kniga trenera. − M.: Fizkul'tura i sport, 1971.
5. Zheleznjak Ju.D., Petrov P.K. Osnovy nauchno-metodicheskoj dejatel'nosti v fizicheskoj kul'ture i sporte. – M.: Izdatel'skij centr «Akademija», 2001.
6. Zaciorskij V.M. Fizicheskie kachestva sportsmena.– M.: Fizkul'tura i sport, 1966.
7. Kodzhaspirov Ju.G. Novoe v metodike nachal'nogo obuchenija junyh borcov // Sportivnaja bor'ba. – M.:Fizkul'tura i sport, 2010.
8. Kozlov G.A., Trutnev P.V. Osnovy teoreticheskoj podgotovki dzjudoista. – M., 2011.
9. Matveev L.P. Osnovy sportivnoj trenirovki: uchebnoe posobie dlja IFK. – M.: Fizkul'tura i sport, 2010.
10. Matveev L.P. Planirovanie i postroenie sportivnoj trenirovki. – M.: GCOLIFK, 2010.
11. Matveev L.P. Teorija i metodika fizicheskoj kul'tury (obshhie osnovy teorii i metodiki fizicheskogo vospitanija): uchebnik dlja in-tov fizkul'tury. – M.: Fizkul'tura i sport, 2011.
12. Medvedev A.N. Rukopashnyj boj. – M.: «Zdorov'e naroda», 2013.
13. Menhin Ju.V. Fizicheskoe vospitanie: teorija, metodika, praktika: ucheb. posobie. – M.: SportAkadem- Press, 2003.
14. Miller D. Iskusstvo rukopashnogo boja. 108 priemov. – Minsk: «Harvest», 2010.
15. Oznobshin N. N. Iskusstvo Rukopashnogo boja. – M.: Akademija, 2010.
16. Rukopashnyj boj: Samouchitel' / Zaharov E., Karasev A., Safonov A. – M.: Kul'tura i tradicii, 2012.
17. Stulov V.V. Vospitanie professional'no vazhnyh koordinacionnyh sposobnostej u kursantov voennyh institutov inzhenernogo profilja: avtoref. dis. … kand. ped. nauk. – Malahovka, 2005.
18. Turevskij I.M., Filin V.P., Kofman L.B. Zigzagilovkosti. – Tula: Priok. kn. izd-vo, 1992.
19. Holodov Zh.K. Teorija i metodika fizicheskogo vospitanija i sporta: Ucheb. posobie dlja vuzov. – 2-eizd., ispr. i dop. – M.: Akademija, 2010.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Marchenko S. V.
On the question of organization of the process of educating convicted women in Russia and abroad
In this article, the author attempts to compare the organization of the educational process in correctional institutions in Russia and in the penitentiary system of foreign countries. The author emphasizes that the educational impact of correctional institutions around the world is directed primarily at the very personality of the convicted woman.
Keywords: convicted women, educational work, methods of education, psychological and pedagogical work.
Work bibliographic list
1. Koncepcija razvitija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2030 goda: Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 29 aprelja 2021 g. # 1138-r.
2. Organizacija vospitatel'noj raboty s osuzhdennymi Uchebnoe posobie / Pod redakciej A.M. Potapova. – Vologda, 2018. – 235 s.
3. Poljakova V.O. Dostizhenie rezul'tatov ispravitel'nogo vozdejstvija pri ispolnenii lishenija svobody v otnoshenii osuzhdennyh lic zhenskogo pola: specifika, osnovnye problemy i puti ih reshenija // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2016. – # 3. – S. 130-135.
4. Sbornik materialov o polozhitel'nom opyte raboty territorial'nyh organov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Minjusta Rossii po ispolneniju nakazanij bez izoljacii ot obshhestva: Metod, posobie. – M.: PRI, 2003. – 238 s.
5. Smirnova I.N. Vospitatel'naja rabota v mehanizme preduprezhdenija sovershenija prestuplenij osuzhdennymi, sostojashhimi na uchete v ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyh inspekcijah: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. –Rjazan', 2003. – 186 s.
6. Ushatikov A.I., Kazak B.B. Osnovy penitenciarnoj psihologii: Uchebnik / Pod red. S.N. Ponomareva.– Rjazan': Akademija prava i upravlenija Minjusta Rossii, 2001. – 536 s.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Mingulov I. R., Lukyanov B. G.
On the issue of legal regulation of the development of physical culture and sports in the Russian Federation
The article considers the problem of legislation in the improvement of sports achievements of athletes. The topic of constitutional rights, namely the freedom of access to physical culture, is touched upon. The definitions of the latest innovations of the legislation are given, such as, «fitness», «fitness center». The authors indicate the lack of balance in the implementation of rights in this area due to the inaccessible free access to specialized sports institutions, in connection with the paid provision of services. The assessment of the state administration and the necessary measures that are important for the legislator to apply to increase mass sports is given. The factors affecting the sports performance of all professional athletes are considered. Practical recommendations for improving funding in various sports are given. The types of commercial and non-profit organizations that carry out sports training on a paid and free basis are named.
Keywords: fitness center, personal trainer, physical culture, mass sports, public administration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 4 dekabrja 2007 g. # 329-FZ «O fizicheskoj kul'ture i sporte v Rossijskoj Federacii».
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Melnikov A. S., Shekalov A. P.
Some features of the introduction of elective disciplines in physical culture and sports in educational organizations of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia
This article discusses some aspects and some features of improving the physical fitness of modern youth through the introduction of elective disciplines in physical culture and sports into the educational process of higher educational institutions. As well as the problematic aspects of
the introduction of this discipline in educational organizations of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia and possible ways their solutions.
Keywords: elective disciplines in physical culture and sports, physical development, physical
training, educational process, full-time cadets, educational organizations The Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vasil'eva O.A. Zdorovyj obraz zhizni // Narodnoe obrazovanie. – 1999. – # 10. – S. 199-203.
2. Vilenskij M.Ja. Fizicheskaja kul'tura v gumanitarnom obrazovatel'nom prostranstve vuza // Fizicheskaja kul'tura: vospitanie, obrazovanie, trenirovka. – 1996. – # 1. – S. 27-33.
3. Eremeev V.Ju. Rol' jelektivnyh kursov po fizicheskoj kul'ture v formirovanii social'noj kompetentnosti i adaptivnosti obuchajushhihsja klassicheskih vuzov // Doklady Bashkirskogo universiteta.– 2018. – # 3. Tom 3. – S. 340-345.
4. Korshunova O.S. Vektory razvitija discipliny «fizicheskaja kul'tura» v vysshej shkole // Teorija i praktika obrazovanija v sovremennom mire: materialy IV mezhdunar. nauch. konf. – SPB: Zanevskaja ploshhad'. – 2014. – S. 161-163.
5. Korshunova O.S. Poisk innovacionnyh napravlenij v obrazovatel'nom prostranstve po discipline «Fizicheskaja kul'tura» v vysshej shkole // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2015. – # 5 (85). – S. 599-603.
6. Peshkova N.V. Sportivnaja orientacija studentov v processe realizacii sportizirovannogo fizicheskogo vospitanija v vuze // teorija i praktika fizicheskoj kul'tury. – 2016. – # 4. – S. 21-24.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Tkhazeplov T. M.
Pedagogical ways to counter the ideology of terrorism
In this article author emphasizes of terrorism phenomenon causing dangers to Russian Federation’s national safety. Numerous terrorist organizations strive to extend their criminal convictions to everybody and also strive to cripple the consciousness of Russian young people. They constantly invent new forms of involvement in terrorist activities, using all possible technological achievements’.
Young terrorists’ needs are fulfilled symbolically except for physical ones, wreaking psychopathological aggression& obtaining «spiritual leader». That is why author considers pedagogical countering the terrorism deology to be the best solution.
In this article author studies pedagogical countering the terrorism ideology. Author disclosed this topical subject, using few scientific methods. Author applied theoretical method: analysis of pedagogical and psychological literature. The method of generalization was used to research and evaluate.
Results. Pedagogical problems include spiritual, patriotic, cultural, educational upbringing. Educated young person is socially adapted, thinks critically, therefore is protected from manipulation. Deduction is made that pedagogic ways to counter the criminal ideology of terrorism is of great significance for the future of our state.
Keywords: terrorism, terrorist activities, pedagogy, education.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Konsul'tantPljus.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 g. # 63-FZ (red. ot 11.06.2021) // Konsul'tantPljus.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 06.03.2006 g. # 35-FZ (red. Ot 26.05.2021) «O protivodejstvii terrorizmu» // Konsul'tantPljus.
4. Valitova E.R. Preimushhestva i nedostatki strategii protivodejstvija ideologii terrorizma i jekstremizma v molodezhnoj srede: na osnove ocenki mnenij studentov Juga Rossii // Gumanitarij Juga Rossii. – 2020. – T. 9. # 2. – S. 188-202.
5. Egorova L.I. Predposylki vovlechennosti podrostkov v terrorizm: social'no-pedagogicheskij aspekt// Sovremennoe pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie. – 2019.– # 2. – S. 36-40.
6. Kuljagin I.V. Ob organizacii i kadrovom obespechenii dejatel'nosti po protivodejstviju ideologii terrorizma v obrazovatel'noj srede // Obzor. NCPTI. – 2021. – # 1. – S. 17-24.
7. Mashekuasheva M.H. O nekotoryh osobennostjah vovlechenija v dejatel'nost' jekstremistskih i terroristicheskih organizacij // V sbornike: Nauchnoe obozrenie. Sbornik statej II Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo konkursa. – Penza, 2021. –
S. 94-95.
8. Moiseeva A.K. Verbovka kak ugroza nacional'noj bezopasnosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.– 2019. – # 5. – S. 338-340.
9. Moiseeva A.K. Ponjatie terrorizma v zakonodatel'stve Rossii i Velikobritanii // Vestnik Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2020. – # 1.– S. 17-22.
10. Putin nazval terrorizm samoj opasnoj ugrozoj // Oficial'nyj sajt gazety «Izvestija». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://iz.ru/1128853/2021-02-24/putin-nazval-terrorizm-samoi-opasnoi-ugrozoi (data obrashhenija: 01.09.2021).
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Tuko D. D., Ovechkin D. G., Foka A. V.
Influence of distance learning on the discipline “Physical training” in educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
Distance learning is a format of continuous training of students, even when studying practical disciplines. This article discusses the issues of organizational and methodological nature when conducting classes on the discipline “Physical Training” in educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in a distance learning format. The study highlights the positive and negative aspects of teaching the above discipline in distance learning. The importance of physical education of cadets (students) is reflected on practical examples. Also, the issues of the effectiveness of studying this discipline in a remote form are touched upon.
Keywords: distance learning, physical training, physical education of cadets, physical training of cadets (students), psychological aspects of physical education.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 2 aprelja 2020 g. # 239 «O merah po obespecheniju sanitarno-jepidemiologicheskogo blagopoluchija naselenija na territorii Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s rasprostraneniem novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii (COVID-19)» //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. 06.04.2020. – # 14 (chast' I). – St. 2082.
2. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 1 ijulja 2017 g. # 450 «Ob utverzhdenii Nastavlenija po organizacii fizicheskoj podgotovki v organah vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii».
3. Afov A.H. Znachimost' fizicheskoj podgotovki v professional'noj dejatel'nosti rabotnikov organov vnutrennih del i pravovye principy ispol'zovanija fizicheskoj sily // Fizicheskoe vospitanie i sport: aktual'nye voprosy teorii i praktiki:Sb. nauch. tr. uchastnikov Vseros. nauch.-prakt. konf.– Rostov-na-Donu, 2017. – S. 19-24.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Galeeva N. N.
Development of a methodological approach to assessment of the significance of tax risks
An algorithm is proposed for the formation of a set of significant risks and appropriate control procedures, taking into account the chosen model of behavior of the taxpayer, which allows to increase the level of tax security of the organization.
Keywords: behavior model, tax risks, internal control system, information availability, tax security.
Work bibliographic list
1. Azarskaja M.A., Pozdeev V.L. Jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost' predprijatija: uchetno-analiticheskoe obespechenie: monografija / Ministerstvo obrazovanija i nauki Rossijskoj Federacii, FGBOU VPO «Povolzh. gos. tehnol. un-t». - Joshkar-Ola:PGTU, 2016. - 215 s.
2. Voloshina E.I. Sistema vnutrennego kontrolja v uslovijah komp'juterizacii // Innovacionnoe razvitie jekonomiki. - 2018. - # 136. - S. 113-119.
3. Sungatullina R.N., Gogoleva O.L. Identifikacija riskov sushhestvennogo iskazhenija informacii o faktah hozjajstvennoj zhizni pri ocenke sistemy vnutrennego kontrolja // Auditor. - 2017.- # 12. - S. 38-49.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Kireeva O. A., Plotnikova L. S.
The modern corporate reporting model
This article presents a criticism of modern corporate reporting and the characteristics of integrated reporting as a new level of development of corporate reporting. The impact of digitalization on the development of integrated reporting is described. The advantages of the reformation presented in digital (electronic) form are given.
Keywords: corporate reporting, integrated reporting, digitalization, digital transformation, information technology.
Work bibliographic list
1. Burceva K.Ju. Vlijanie cifrovizacii na uchetnye sistemy i otchetnost' // Sbornik dokladov Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Globalizacija i integracija issledovanij v prakticheskuju dejatel'nost'». – Sankt-Peterburg: Individual'nyj predprinimatel' Ivanov Roman Dmitrievich, 2020. – S. 61-72.
2. Glushko D.A. Integrirovannaja otchetnost' i perspektivy ee vnedrenija v Rossijskoj Federacii// Uchet. Analiz. Audit. – 2016. – # 1.
3. Kireeva O.A., Raspopina A.Ju. Vlijanie otraslevyh osobennostej na mehanizmy formirovanija integrirovannoj otchetnosti v jenergeticheskoj korporacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 12 (139). – S. 409-410.
4. Kozlovskij A.V., Mitjushnikova A.I. Prinjatie upravlencheskih reshenij i risk-menedzhment v uslovijah cifrovoj jekonomiki // Vestnik universiteta. – 2020. – # 3.
5. Malinovskaja N.V. Metodika formirovanija integrirovannoj otchetnosti // Buhuchet v stroitel'nyh organizacijah. – 2016. – # 4.
6. Plotnikov V.S., Plotnikova O.V. Kachestvennye harakteristiki informacii integrirovannoj otchetnosti // Uchet. Analiz. Audit. – 2018. – # 1.
7. Roshhektaeva U.Ju. Integrirovannaja otchetnost' –sovremennaja otchetnost' dlja biznesa // Politematicheskij setevoj jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal Kubanskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta. – 2017. – # 130.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Kantor O. G., Shakirova T. R.
Accounting as a source of information support of the enterprise controlling system
The effectiveness of the enterprise controlling system largely depends on the timely and competent understanding of the situation with the subsequent identification of problem areas and a reasonable selection of tools to influence them. At the same time, the elements of the controlling system have to function in a single information space. From the standpoint of the essential characteristics of accounting, the article examines its special role as a source of information support for the controlling system at the enterprise.
Key words: accounting, information support, controlling, finance.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bychkova S.M., Badmaeva D.T. Uchetno-analiticheskie aspekty formirovanija i ispol'zovanija sobstvennogo kapitala organizacii // Mezhdunarodnyj buhgalterskij uchet. – 2014. – # 19 (313). – S. 25–32.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.
cyberleninka.ru/article/n/uchetno-analiticheskie-aspektyformirovaniya-i-ispolzovaniya-sobstvennogo-kapitalaorganizatsii(data obrashhenija: 12.07.2021).
2. Vaks V.B. Rol' buhgalterskogo ucheta v obespechenii konkurentnogo razvitija predprijatija // V sbornike:XXIV Tupolevskie chtenija (shkola molodyh uchenyh). Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj molodjozhnoj nauchnoj konferencii: v 6 t. – Ministerstvo nauki i vysshego obrazovanija RF; Kazanskij nacional'nyj issledovatel'skij tehnicheskij universitet im. A.N. Tupoleva-KAI. – 2019. – S. 207–209. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.elibrary.ru/download/elibrary_42498223_88650796.pdf (data obrashhenija: 12.07.2021).
3. Egorova S.E., Judanova L.A. Riski kak ob"ekt buhgalterskogo ucheta i upravlenija // Uchet. Analiz. Audit. – 2015. – # 1. – S. 82-91. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cyberleninka.ru/article/n/riski-kakobekt- buhgalterskogo-ucheta-i-upravleniya (data obrashhenija: 12.07.2021).
4. Mel'nik M.V., Muravickaja N.K., Gerasimova E.B. Buhgalterskij uchet i analiz: uchebnik. – 2-e izd., ster. –M.: KNORUS, 2016. – 368 s.
5. Saralinova D.S., Jushaeva R.S.-Je. Ispol'zovanie informacii v analize finansovo-hozjajstvennoj dejatel'nosti predprijatija // Voprosy ustojchivogo razvitija obshhestva. – 2020. – # 6. – S. 167-172. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.elibrary.ru/download/elibrary_44173042_74360330.pdf(data obrashhenija: 12.07.2021).
6. Shpakova L.V. Rol' buhgalterskoj otchetnosti v upravlencheskoj dejatel'nosti organizacii // Biznes i strategii. – 2015. – # 1. – S. 85-89. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.elibrary.ru/download/elibrary_25935443_93990151.pdf (data obrashhenija:12.07.2021).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Leybert T. B., Pogosyan A. A.
Managerial aspects of the formation and use of material and production reserves in oil companies
In this article, the author reveals the features of material and technical resources management, reflecting the operations of formation, procurement and use of inventories in oil companies. The author concludes that oil companies should create and implement the most effective inventory management system, since meeting the needs for material and technical resources (MTR) in the company, the continuity of the production process, preventing the formation of inventories depends on their formation and effective use.
In the process of building an effective management system for the refinery in an oil company, it is necessary to take into account the specifics of the use of technologies, difficulties in oil production, the depletion of oil fields, stringent requirements for environmental safety, the likelihood of financial changes in the oil industry due to the specifics of the global oil market.
In the article, the authors, considering the system of operational management of material resources as a process approach to management, have identified the business process of “procurement and supply management” as a fundamental process associated with the provision of inventories in the company, which includes three sub-processes: planning of logistics, purchase of material and technical resources and organization of storage facilities.
Keywords: management, inventories, material and technical resources, oil company, production process, planning, analysis, logistics, procurement procedures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belousov A.I., Sheluhina E.A. Organizacionno-analiticheskie aspekty resursosberezhenija na predprijatijah neftegazovoj promyshlennosti// Jekonomicheskij analiz: teorija i praktika. –2012. – # 37. – S. 50-59.
2. Vasina A.B. Sistemnyj podhod k upravleniju proizvodstvennymi zapasami na predprijatijah neftegazovogo kompleksa // Rossijskoe predprinimatel'stvo. – 2012. – # 9. – S. 85-91.
3. Vlasov A. V. Teoreticheskie osnovy povyshenija jeffektivnosti upravlenija material'nymi zapasami NGDP // Nauchnyj jelektronnyj zhurnal Meridian. – 2020. – # 6 (40). – S. 99-101.
4. Dolgova Ju.V. Material'no-proizvodstvennye zapasy (MPZ): uchet i ocenka // Molodoj uchenyj. –2017. – # 1 (135). – S. 149-161.
5. Zajcev N.L. Jekonomika promyshlennogo predprijatija: uchebnik. 6-e izd. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Infra-M, 2017. – 414 s.
6. Ishanova B.A., Bzhasso A.A. Vnutrennij kontrol' jeffektivnosti ispol'zovanija material'no-proizvodstvennyh zapasov – jelement finansovoj ustojchivosti kompanij v sovremennyh uslovijah// Jekonomika i biznes: teorija i praktika. – 2020.– # 10-1 (68). –S. 148-150.
7. Otmena l'got v neftjanoj otrasli s 2021 goda umen'shit rentabel'nost' neftepererabotki i skorrektiruet investprogrammy NPZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://infoline.spb.ru/news/?news=205263.
8. Rudneva L.N., Rudenok O.V. Ocenka jeffektivnosti ispol'zovanija proizvodstvennyh resursov neftegazodobyvajushhej kompanii // Moskovskij jekonomicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 10. – S. 597- 607.
9. Filimonova I., Provornaja V., Nemov V., Dzjuba Ju. Rossijskaja neftepererabotka na sovremennom jetape razvitija // Neftegazovaja vertikal'. – 2020.– # 17. - S. 8-20.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Marchenkova L. M.
International relations: evolution, types, levels, current state
International relations are the most important element of socio-political relations and are expressed in the realization of the interests of various states. States, in turn, are the main subjects of international relations. The history of the development of international relations is closely connected with the emergence of States as their subjects. Even before 1648, these relations were determined by the influence of one or another powerful empire. Greece was originally such an empire. Then the Roman Empire. However, after the fall of the Roman Empire, there was not much of a powerful center of gravity for several centuries. Currently, in the context of globalization, almost all states are involved in the system of international relations that affect the economy, production, consumption, culture, values and ideals. In this regard, there is a need to consider the question of what international relations are, what is their evolution, what role the state plays in these processes.
Keywords: international relations, civil society, political relations, economic relations, globalization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vylegzhanin A. Voprosy sootnoshenija i vzaimodejstvija mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij i mezhdunarodnogo prava. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://russiancouncil.ru/analytics-and-comments/analytics/voprosy-sootnosheniya-i-vzaimodeystviyamezhdunarodnykh-otno/(data obrashhenija: 28.01.2021).
2. Lebedeva M.M. Mirovaja politika: uchebnik / Lebedeva M. — M.: KnoRus, 2018. — (dlja bakalavrov).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: https://book.ru/book/926535 / (data obrashhenija: 28.01.2021).
3. Marchenkova L.M., Samorodova E.M., Iljuhina I.B. Perspektivy sootnoshenija politiki i prava v mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenijah // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021. - # 2 (153). - S. 415-417.
4. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Red. koll.: VylegzhaninA.N., Kolosov Ju.M., Maleev Ju.N., Gevorgjan K.G. - M. Jurajt. 2012.
5. Sovremennaja mirovaja politika: Prikladnoj analiz / Otv. red. A.D. Bogaturov. - M., 2010.
6. Sovremennye mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija i mirovaja politika / Otv. red. A.V. Torkunov. - M., 2004.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Mukhyanova N. I.
Innovation as a factor of social and economic development of the country
The article highlights the role and importance of innovation in the development of the country, describes the factors that affect the innovative activity of countries. The economic and social effects of the application of innovations in the country, the peculiarities of the manifestation of the effects of innovations in the field of social entrepreneurship are characterized. Recommendations are given on the provision of state support measures, stimulating innovations, taking into account the criteria of “economic efficiency” and “public value”.
Keywords: innovation, effect, social entrepreneurship, development, economy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Malyh O.E., Gafarova E.A. Vysokotehnologichnye otrasli rossijskoj jekonomiki: vozmozhnosti i resursy razvitija // Vestnik JuUrGU. Serija «Jekonomika i menedzhment». – 2018. – T. 12. # 4. – S. 70-78.DOI: 10.14529/em180409.
2. Malyh O.E., Gafarova E.A. Vlijanie rezul'tatov intellektual'noj dejatel'nosti na makrojekonomicheskuju politiku Rossii // Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo jekonomicheskogo universiteta. –2017. – # 2 (148). – S. 32-37.
3. Malyh O.E. Social'noe predprinimatel'stvo i social'nye innovacii / V knige: Social'noe predprinimatel'stvo kak trend social'nogo razvitija hozjajstvennyh sistem. Amirhanova L.R., Bikmetov E.Ju., Blinova D.V., Bogatyreva M.R., Valitov R.R., Vashalomidze E.V., Vol'skaja T.E., Grishin K.E., Makarova E.A., Malikov R.I., Malyh O.E., Orlova D.R., Poljanskaja I.K., Rabkin S.V., Hmelevskaja S.A. – Ufa, 2019. – S. 32-52.
4. Malyh O.E., Gafarova E.A. Vysokotehnologichnye otrasli rossijskoj jekonomiki: vozmozhnosti i resursy razvitija // Vestnik JuUrGU. Serija «Jekonomika i menedzhment». – 2018. – T. 12. # 4. – S.70-78. DOI: 10.14529/em180409.
5. Malyh O.E., Peskova D.R. Sbalansirovannost' jekonomicheskoj politiki gosudarstva kak osnova ustojchivogo razvitija // V sbornike: Aktual'nye voprosy jekonomicheskoj teorii: razvitie i primenenie v praktike rossijskih preobrazovanij Materialy VI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2017. – S. 284-288.
6. Malyh O.E., Hodkovskaja Ju.V. Vlijanie cifrovyh tehnologij na kapitalizaciju neftegazovogo biznesa // Vestnik UGNTU. Nauka, obrazovanie, jekonomika. Serija: Jekonomika. – 2020. – # 4 (34). – S.66-71.
7. Rossinskaja G.M., Fomina E.A., Hodkovskaja Ju.V. Razvitie social'nogo predprinimatel'stva kak faktor ustojchivogo jekonomicheskogo rosta v regione // Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 4 (160). – S. 88-92.
8. Social'noe predprinimatel'stvo kak trend social'nogo razvitija hozjajstvennyh sistem: monografija / pod red. O.E. Malyh. – Ufa: Izd-vo UG-NTU. 2019. – 219 s.
9. Hodkovskaja Ju.V., Karacheva D.A. Drajvery razvitija predprinimatel'skoj iniciativy v social'no orientirovannom biznese regiona //Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 4 (160). – S. 144-148.
10. Hodkovskaja Ju.V., Ostapchuk D.A., Hasanov R.R. Innovacii v jepohu cifrovyh preobrazovanij //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 3(143). – S. 400-403.
11. Hodkovskaja Ju.V., Tolmacheva K.V. Instrumenty stimulirovanija innovacionnyh napravlenij social'nogo predprinimatel'stva v sfere sporta //Sibirskaja finansovaja shkola. – 2020. – # 4 (140).– S. 36-40.
12. Hodkovskaja Ju.V., Fomina E.A., Lavrent'eva K.D.,Sultanova Je. I. Social'noe blago v stejkholderskoj modeli // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 6 (157). – S. 486-487.
13. Fomina E. A., Hodkovskaja Ju. V., Ahmetov Je. A. Stejkholderskaja model' v kontekste strategicheskogo upravlenija prirodoemkim biznesom //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 6(157). – S. 469-471
14. Manolova G., Orlova D., Khodkovskaya J., Barkova E., Nazarov M. Strategy for intellectual specialization of sustainable development of regions / First conference on sustainable development: industrial future of territories). Konferencija «IFT 2020» -2020. - Vol. 208. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202020808009/
(data obrashhenija: 10.08.2021).
15. Manolova G., Orlova D., Khodkovskaya J., Barkova E., Nazarov M. Strategy for intellectual specialization of sustainable development of regions / First conference on sustainable development: industrial future of territories). Konferencija «IFT 2020» -2020. - Vol. 208. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202020808009/ (data obrashhenija: 12.09.2021).
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Solovova Yu. V.
Geopolitical aspects of hydrogen energy
In the context of accelerating energy transition trends, the role of hydrogen as a carbon-free energy carrier for decarbonization of hard-to-reach sectors and as an option for long-distance storage and transportation of RES-based energy is increasingly being discussed.
Most research on of hydrogen energy potential has focused on the technological and cost aspects of developing hydrogen economy.
Meanwhile, multiple options for technology choice, the formation of infrastructure and value chains implies the aspect of competition between geopolitical interests of various stakeholders. The article focuses on geopolitical aspects and the role of international cooperation in the context of hydrogen development as a new significant segment of the global energy market.
Keywords: geopolitics of energy, energy diplomacy, energy complex, global energy transition, renewable energy sources.
Work bibliographic list
1. Guliev I.A., Mustafinov R.K. Jenergeticheskaja diplomatija v chernomorskom regione // Neft', gaz i biznes. - 2015. - # 8. - S. 18-20.
2. Guliev I.A., Ruzakova V.I. Znachenie uglevodorodnyh resursov Arktiki dlja jenergeticheskoj bezopasnosti Rossii // Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie. Jelektronnyj vestnik. - 2015. - # 49. - S. 75-90.
3. Guliev I.A., Mekhdiev E.T. Ehe role of fuel and energy sector in the Eurasian economic community integration process International Journal of Energy // Economics and Policy. - 2017. - T. 7. - # 2. - S. 72-75.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Shamsutdinova L. F.
Features of resource management in the field of social entrepreneurship: financial aspect
The article describes the features of financial management in the field of social entrepreneurship. The key aspects of resource management for business when choosing a development strategy are reflected and the criteria characteristic of social entrepreneurship are highlighted. A conceptual model of financial management in the sphere of social entrepreneurship has been formed.
Keywords: management, resources, finance, social entrepreneurship, development, effect.
Work bibliographic list
1. Social'noe predprinimatel'stvo kak trend social'nogo razvitija hozjajstvennyh sistem: monografija / Pod red. O.E. Malyh. – Ufa: Izd-vo UGNTU, 2019. – 219 s.
2. Malyh O.E. Social'noe predprinimatel'stvo i social'nye innovacii / V knige: Social'noe predprinimatel'stvo kak trend social'nogo razvitija hozjajstvennyh sistem. Amirhanova L.R., Bikmetov E.Ju., Blinova D.V., Bogatyreva M.R., Valitov R.R., Vashalomidze E.V., Vol'skaja T.E., Grishin K.E., Makarova E.A., Malikov R.I., Malyh O.E., Orlova D.R., Poljanskaja I.K., Rabkin S.V., Hmelevskaja S.A. – Ufa, 2019. – S. 32-52.
3. Malyh O.E., Gafarova E.A. Vysokotehnologichnye otrasli rossijskoj jekonomiki: vozmozhnosti i resursy razvitija // Vestnik JuUrGU. Serija «Jekonomika i menedzhment». – 2018. – T. 12. # 4. – S. 70-78. DOI: 10.14529/em180409.
4. Fomina E.A., Hodkovskaja Ju.V., Ahmetov Je.A. Stejkholderskaja model' v kontekste strategicheskogo upravlenija prirodoemkim biznesom // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 6(157). – S. 469-471
5. Hodkovskaja Ju.V., Fomina E.A., Lavrent'eva K.D., Sultanova Je.I. Social'noe blago v stejkholderskoj modeli // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.– 2021. – # 6 (157). – S. 486-487
6. Malyh O.E. Perspektivy i ogranichenija razvitija social'nogo predprinimatel'stva v kontekste proizvodstva obshhestvennyh blag // Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo jekonomicheskogo universiteta. –2020. – # 11 (193). – S. 46-52.
7. Rossinskaja G.M., Fomina E.A., Hodkovskaja Ju.V. Razvitie social'nogo predprinimatel'stva kak faktor ustojchivogo jekonomicheskogo rosta v regione// Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 4 (160). – S. 88-92
8. Hodkovskaja Ju.V., Karacheva D.A. Drajvery razvitija predprinimatel'skoj iniciativy v social'no orientirovannom biznese regiona // Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. – 2021. –# 4 (160). – S. 144-148
9. Malyh O.E., Peskova D.R. Sbalansirovannost' jekonomicheskoj politiki gosudarstva kak osnova ustojchivogo razvitija // V sbornike: Aktual'nye voprosy jekonomicheskoj teorii: razvitie i primenenie v praktike rossijskih preobrazovanij Materialy VI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2017. – S. 284-288.
10. Manolova G., Orlova D., Khodkovskaya J., Barkova E., Nazarov M. Strategy for intellectual specialization of sustainable development of regions / First conference on sustainable development: industrial future of territories). Konferencija «IFT 2020» - 2020. - Vol. 208. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202020808009/ (data obrashhenija:10.08.2021).
11. Hodkovskaja Ju.V., Tolmacheva K.V. Instrumenty stimulirovanija innovacionnyh napravlenij social'nogo predprinimatel'stva v sfere sporta // Sibirskaja finansovaja shkola. – 2020. – # 4 (140).– S. 36-40.
12. Malyh O.E. Perspektivy i ogranichenija razvitija social'nogo predprinimatel'stva v kontekste proizvodstva obshhestvennyh blag // Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo jekonomicheskogo universiteta. –2020. – # 11 (193). – S. 46-52.
13. Malyh O.E., Hodkovskaja Ju.V. Vlijanie cifrovyh tehnologij na kapitalizaciju neftegazovogo biznesa // Vestnik UGNTU. Nauka, obrazovanie, jekonomika. Serija: Jekonomika. – 2020. – # 4 (34). – S. 66-71.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Talatin E. A.
The place of strategic alliances in the fuel and energy complex in a new global reality
The article analyzes the role of strategic alliances of the modern fuel and energy complex in the context of ensuring energy security.
The global changes taking place in the energy sector are characterized. The relevance of the functioning of strategic alliances in the energy sector as a form of inter-organizational interactions is shown. The strategic guidelines for the formation of strategic fuel and energy alliances of the international level are highlighted. Their classification is given. The problem of global energy partnership is touched upon.
The experience of international energy partnership of Russia in the framework of its energy strategy is considered.
Keywords: strategic alliances, fuel and energy complex, energy security, energy partnership, energy strategy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 09.06.2020 #1523-r «Ob utverzhdenii Jenergeticheskoj strategii Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2035 goda»// SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/
document/cons_doc_LAW_354840/ (data obrashhenija:22.08.2021).
2. Abramova I.A. Resursnyj potencial Afriki v mirovoj jekonomike XXI veka // Problemy sovremennoj jekonomiki. – 2013. – # 3 (47). – S. 47-58.
3. Borisov M.G. Jenergeticheskij perehod i geopolitika // Vostochnaja analitika. – 2020. – # 1. – S. 7-16.
4. Zerkalov D.V. Jenergeticheskaja bezopasnost': monografija. – Kiev: Osnova, 2012. – 920 s.
5. Mashegov P.N., Lebedev M.A. Strategii formirovanija jelementov innovacionnyh predprinimatel'skih jekosistem (na primere inzhenernogo obespechenija malyh innovacionnyh predprijatij) //Srednerusskij vestnik obshhestvennyh nauk. – 2016.– T. 11.– # 5. – S. 180-186.
6. Minakir P.A., Djomina O.V. Rossija v ATR: razvitie i sotrudnichestvo v jenergetike // Regionalistika. –2017. – Tom 4. – # 2. – S. 54-62.
7. Monogarov N.N. Mezhdunarodnoe strategicheskoe partnerstvo Rossii: problemy i perspektivy // Peterburgskij jekonomicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – #2. – S. 46-54.
8. Stanbekov T.A. Toplivno-jekonomicheskij kompleks Rossii v formirovanii Evrazijskogo jenergeticheskogo al'jansa // Rossija i ATR. – 2007. – # 1. – S. 137-141.
 
ECONOMICAL SCIENCES
Chernyavskaya E. V., Koltyshev V. V., Gvozdev M. D.
Improvement of customs regulatory mechanisms and infrastructural support for foreign trade
In the text, the authors consider the theoretical provisions of customs-tariff and non-tariff regulation of foreign trade of Russia, provide formulas for calculating ad valorem and specific types of customs duty rates, analyze methods for managing customs infrastructure facilities, and propose the development of passports for storing goods at warehouse facilities and further zoning of warehouse space by three categories in order to improve the quality of storage of goods and cargo. Also, in order to improve the infrastructural support of foreign trade and solve the task set before the GUTO FCS of Russia to promote the planned development of customs infrastructure, the article proposes the introduction of a multi-agent system for managing warehouse operations at customs infrastructure facilities. For the implementation of a multi-agent management system, the stages of its implementation on the objects of customs infrastructure and the processes of managing warehouse operations using a multi-agent system are analyzed.
Keywords: customs administration; customs and tariff measures; non-tariff measures; modeling of the management system for customs infrastructure facilities; warehouses; supply chain; customs infrastructure.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon RF ot 08.12.2003 # 164-FZ «Ob osnovah gosudarstvennogo regulirovanija vneshnetorgovoj dejatel'nosti» (v redakcii 2020 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_45397/ (data
obrashhenija: 20.09.2021)
2. Federal'nyj zakon RF ot 03.08.2018 #289-FZ «O tamozhennom regulirovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_304093/ (data obrashhenija:20.09.2021)
3. Dogovor o Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze (red. ot 01.10.2019) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.08.2021).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_163855/ (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021)
4. Tamozhennyj kodeks Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza (red. ot 29.05.2019) (prilozhenie # 1 k Dogovoru o Tamozhennom kodekse Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_215315/(data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021)
5. Prikaz FTS Rossii ot 26.11.2018 # 1918 «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o Glavnom upravlenii tylovogo obespechenija». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.alta.ru/tamdoc/18pr1918/ (data obrashhenija: 18.09.2021)
6. Andreeva E. Ju. Integracija terminal'no-skladskoj infrastruktury i potrebitel'skogo rynka s primeneniem principov mul'tiagentnogo modelirovanija// IVD. 2015. #1-1. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/integratsiyaterminalno-skladskoy-infrastruktury-i-potrebitelskogorynka-s-primeneniem-printsipov-multiagentnogomodelirovaniya(data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021).
7. Koltyshev V. V. Teoreticheskie osnovy sistemy upravlenija tamozhennoj infrastrukturoj tamozhennyh organov // Innovacii. Nauka. Obrazovanie. – 2021. – #
31. – S. 1134-1138.
8. Tolikova E. Je., Kuz'min E. I., Koltyshev V. V. Razvitie tamozhenno-logisticheskoj infrastruktury v celjah obespechenija bezopasnosti importa plastikovyh othodov // Jekonomicheskie sistemy. – 2021. – T. 14. – #2. – S. 126-134.
9. «Osnovnye napravlenija bjudzhetnoj, nalogovoj i tamozhenno-tarifnoj politiki na 2019 god i naplanovyj period 2020 i 2021 godov». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ document/cons_doc_LAW_308390 (data obrashhenija:20.09.2021)
10. «Strategija razvitija tamozhennoj sluzhby RF do 2030 goda». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://customs..gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021)
11. Pojasnitel'naja zapiska k proektu rasporjazhenija Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ob utverzhdenii Strategii razvitija finansovogo rynka Rossijskoj Federacii do 2030 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://gasu.gov.ru/stratpassport (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021)
12. Oficial'nyj sajt Ministerstva finansov RF.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://minfin.gov.ru (data obrashhenija: 20.09.2021)
13. Portal obshhih informacionnyh resursov i otkrytyh dannyh Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://portal.eaeunion.org/sites/commonprocesses/ru-ru/Pages/RegisterTswsDetails.aspx (data obrashhenija: 17.09.2021).
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Butenko A. K.
On the issue of the formation of “normal legal consciousness” in the philosophy of I. A. Ilyina
The article is devoted to the analysis of the ideas of the formation of «normal legal consciousness» of the famous Russian philosopher I. A. Ilyin, which are based on the desire of the individual to know and accept the norms of law proposed by the state. In addition, the article touches upon issues related to the development of a mechanism for raising the level of legal culture and legal awareness of citizens in order to overcome the crisis phenomena in the spiritual life of modern Russian society.
Keywords: sense of justice, natural law, patriotism, crisis, legal norms, legality.
Work bibliographic list
1. Il'in I.A. O sushhnosti pravosoznanija // Il'in I Sobr. soch.: v 10 t. / Sost. i komment. Ju. T. Lisicy. T. 4. - M.: Rus. kn., 1994. - S. 149-415.
2. Il'in I.A. Obshhee uchenie o prave i gosudarstve //Il'in I. A. - M.: Izdatel'stvo AST, 2006. - 510 s.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Vorokhobov A. V., Plaksin V. A.,
Laryushkin S. A., Urakov S. A.
Western foundations of the philosophy of V.S. Solovyov:on the problem of filiation of ideas
The article examines the genesis and evolution of the philosophical views of V.S. Solovyov in connection with the filiation of the influences of the Western intellectual tradition. It is emphasized that, despite the extensive reception of various concepts, the philosophy of V.S. Solovyov is an original phenomenon in which many components are harmoniously combined.
Keywords: V.S. Solovyov, west, philosophy, mysticism, Platonism, epistemology.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vorohobov A. V. Osobennosti zapadnoj religioznosti postmoderna // Trudy Nizhegorodskoj duhovnoj seminarii. – Nizhnij Novgorod, 2012.– # 10 (10). – S. 25-35.
2. Vorohobov A. V. Personalisticheskaja interpretacija protestantskoj hamartiologii v tvorchestve Jemilja Brunnera // Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i juridicheskie nauki, kul'turologija i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. – Tambov: Gramota, 2016. – # 9(71). – C. 35-37.
3. Vorohobov A. V. Problema referenta protestantskogo germenevticheskogo diskursa: metod «gumanisticheskoj» teologii // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo gosudarstvennogo lingvisticheskogo universiteta im. N. A. Dobroljubova. – Nizhnij Novgorod, 2012. – Vypusk 17. – S. 237-245.
4. Losev A.F. Vladimir Solov'ev i ego vremja / Predisl. A.A. Taho-Godi. - 2-e izd., ispravl. – M.: Molodaja gvardija, 2009. – 624 s.
5. Zen'kovskij V.V. prot. Istorija russkoj filosofii. — M.: Akademicheskij Proekt, Raritet, 2001. – 880 s.
6. Trubeckoj E.N. Metafizicheskie predpolozhenija poznanija: Opyt preodolenija
Kanta i kantianstva. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Put', 1917. – 337 s.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Zubkov S. A.
Ecophilic philosophy and poetry
The article examines the relationship of ecophilic images expressed in poetic form with the philosophical and theological systems of the world. How does one or another view of sacred objects correlate in poetry with views aimed at love of nature, life, the value and beauty of the environment? The correlation between ecophilic philosophy and ecotheology exists in both prose and poetry. Many ecophilosophers were also poets. A number of poets, including famous ones, composed their poems on the theme of ecophilicity. Revealing the ethical-aesthetic interaction of the philosophy and theology of the ecophilic in poetic content is the essence of this work.
Keywords: ecophilicity, poetry, theology.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antologija hristianskoj pojezii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://golgofa.kiev.ua/menu/poetry/christian-poetry/bog.html
2. Borejko V. E. Proryv v jekologicheskuju jetiku. – K.:Izd-vo Logos, 2013. – 168 s.
3. Borejko V. E. Filosofy zoozashhity i prirodoohrany. – K.: Izd-vo Logos, 2012. – 180 s.
4. Borejko V. E. Vvedenie v prirodoohrannuju jestetiku. – K.: Izd-vo Logos. – 2001. – 68 s.
5. D'jakonova E. M. Zhanr v vostochnoj slovesnosti. –M.: IMLI RAN, 2020. – 312 s.
6. Kristiansen R. Jekoteologija. – Arhangel'sk: Izd-vo Pomorskij gos. universiteta imeni M. V. Lomonosova, 2002. – 297 s.
7. Priroda v pojezii F.I. Tjutcheva. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lit-helper.com/p_priroda_v_poezii_f_i__tyutcheva
8. Timoshhuk A.S. Global'noe i lokal'noe v jekologicheskom soznanii vrindavanskoj obshhiny Indii // Noosfernye issledovanija. – 2017. – # 2 (18). – S 90-100.
9. Francisk Assizskij Sochinenija. – M.: Izd-vo Franciskancev – brat'ev men'shih konventual'nyh, 1995.– 283 s.
10. Fromm Je. Imet' ili byt'. – M.: AST, 2011. – 314 s.
11. Fromm Je. Iskusstvo ljubit'. – M.: AST, 2012. – 223 s.
12. Jepshtejn M.N. Stihi i stihii. Priroda v russkoj pojezii. XVIII-XX vv. – Samara: Izdatel'skij Dom«BAHRAH-M», 2007. – 352 s.
13. Svjatoj Ioann Kronshtadskij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ecoethics.ru/old/b58/ (data obrashhenija: 6.09.2021).
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Sharipov A. R., Abrarova Z. F.
To the problem of understanding national self-association in the aspect of the prospects of the creation of artificial intelligence
The authors analyze certain aspects of national identity at the present stage of development of modern technologies. What are the prospects for national identity in the era of artificial intelligence.
Keywords: artificial intelligence, nation, population, localization, identity, ethnicity, world confessions, national identity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Guboglo M.N. Identifikacija identichnosti: Jetnosociologicheskie ocherki / In-t jetnologii i antropologii im. N.N. Mikluho-Maklaja. – M.: Nauka, 2003.
2. Nacii i nacionalizm / B. Anderson, O. Baujer. – M.Hroh i dr.; perevod s angl. i nem. – M.: Praksis, 2002.
3. Sajt Genofond.RF.
4. Peter P. Hinks, John R. McKivigan, R. Owen Williams. Encyclopedia of antislavery and abolition. — Illjustrirovannoe. — Greenwood Press, 2007. — 796 s.
 
PHILOSOPHICAL SCIENCES
Vorokhobov A. V., Spirin V. K.,
Sobko R. V., Ulanov M. V.
Evaluation of the Old Testament tradition in the philosophical heritage of V. V. Rozanov
The article examines the attitude of V.V. Rozanov in the Old Testament Biblical Tradition. It is shown that the Old Testament, in the works of V.V. Rozanov is presented as the purest and most actual Divine Revelation. It is about culture and ethics, for which the Old Testament is an ideal and a role model.
Keywords: V. V. Rozanov, Old Testament, Bible, Christianity, Judaism, religion, family, ethics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vodolagin A.V. Fenomen «Vnutrisemejnoj religioznosti» v istolkovanii V.V. Rozanova. – M.:Filosofija i obshhestvo, 2007. – 711 s.
2. Vorohobov A.V. Hristianskoe poslanie i ego kontekstualizacija // Damaskin. Zhurnal Nizhegorodskoj duhovnoj seminarii. – Nizhnij Novgorod, 2019. – # 4 (50). – S. 10-15.
3. Vorohobov A.V., Semikopov D.V., Sobko R.V., Ulanov M.V., Peshkov A.A. Istoricheskij put' Rossii v istoriosofskih vozzrenijah N.V. Gogolja // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2020. – # 1 (140).– S. 466-467.
4. Vorohobov A.V. Jevoljucija protestantskoj antropologii v filosofsko-religioznom nasledii neoortodoksii. Dis. … dokt. filos. nauk. – Nizhnij Novgorod, 2018. – 520 s.
5. Kozhurin A.Ja. V.V. Rozanov i germenevticheskaja tradicija v Rossii. // Vestnik Sankt-
Peterburgskogo universiteta. Filosofija i konfliktologija. – 2017. – Vol. 33. - # 4. – S. 465-476.
6. Kurganov E. Rozanov i evrei. – SPb.: Akademicheskij proekt, 2000. – 216 s.
7. Rozanov V.V. V temnyh religioznyh luchah. Svecha v hrame. – M.: Ripol-klassik, 2018. – 101 s.
8. Pozanov V. B. Pis'ma 1917-1919 gg. // Literaturnaja ucheba. – 1990. – Kn. 1. – Janvar'-fevral'. – 406 s.
9. Rozanov V.V. Semejnyj vopros v Rossii. Tom II. –SPb.: Tipografija. - M. Merkusheva, 1903. – 266 s.
10. Rozanov V.V. Sobranie sochinenij. Tom 27. Juda-izm. Stat'i i ocherki 1898-1901 gg. – M.: Respublika, 2009. – 602 s.

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International scientific and practical law journal
Included in the VAK Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation list

Eurasian Law Journal

International scientific and practical
law journal. Included in the VAK RF Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation list

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