CONTENT OF NUMBER
AND SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES

EURASIAN LAW JOURNAL №2(165)2022

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PERSONA GRATA
A.L.  Sergeev:
Lessons of Cuban socialism: the doctrine of politics and law
Interview with Aleksandr Leonidovich Sergeev, Ph.D. in Law, associate professor of History of state and law sub-faculty of the O. E. Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSLA)
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Abukarova M.U.
Actual problems of international law in the perspective of modern international law and order
Vazhenina I.V.
The problem of a unified approach in the legal design of theoretical tools in countering extremism
Vodyanov A.V.
Financial Crime and Anti-Corruption Centre as Interpol’s response to modern money laundering threats
Emelyanov S.V.
Fundamentals of the organization and interaction of the Russian National Central Bureau of Interpol with the international community
Norboeva T.V.
Key aspects of international legal governance of chemical substances: learning from the past
Al Mutairi Forat Zaki Salih
The role of international law in regulating the relationship between the occupying state and the occupied land in the event of the occupation
Belyaeva Yu.L.
Current directions of Europol’s activity in the field of combating sports corruption
Nureeva L.R.
Some problems of modern practice of removal from office of federal judges in the USA
Spiridonov S.A.
Significance of international legal regulation of cross-border bankruptcy within the European Union
Yusifova P.N.
Genesis of international legal protection of human health and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury and its compounds
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Ivliev P.V., Kondrashov S.V.
The main problems of defining and applying the concept of “statute” in the doctrine of private international law
Omran Mohamad Aghyad
Grounds for terminating a real estate lease agreement in the Syrian Arab Republic
 
EUROPEAN LAW
Tyumentsev V.O.
Legal regulation of the relations in the health care sphere in the Treaty of functioning of the European Union (TFEU)
 
LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Haytham N.M. Shakarna
The current legal mechanism of responsibility of members of the Management Board to third parties in Germany
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Bayniyazova Z.S.
The legal system and issues of ensuring a unified legal space in the Russian State
Vladimirova G.E.
Features of the formation of civil society in Russia in the 20-s of the XXI century (theoretical aspect)
Globa M.V.
The main circumstances (reasons) of the formation and evolution of the legal positions of the highest judicial bodies of Russia
Zolotukhina T.A.
On the role of the President of the Russian Federation in the Russian legislative process
Larinbaeva I.I., Vasiljev A.V.
On the question of the legal nature of economic rights
Malikova A.Kh.
Correlation of forms of state and forms of law
Miftakhov A.M.
The fight against youth extremism as a way to realize the inherentness of religion, the state and society
Yankin G.N.
Current legal aspects of customs regulation in the EAEU at the stage of formation of the Economic Union
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Burukin V.V., Fedotova I.N.
Mikhail Nikolayevich Galkin-Vrasky: a penitentiary researcher and a reformer of the Russian prison system
Prokhorov V.V.
Organizational and legal bases of commander education of the official staff of the RKM of the Crimea in the second half of the 1930s
Sypchenko A.V.
Political process in the case of the «Volga counter-revolutionary organization of the «Labor peasant party»» in the context of new archival materials and approaches
Shamurzaev T.T., Ardashev R.G.
False information about the work of special services found in literature, cinema and the media
Sergeev A.L.
Political and legal doctrine of cuban socialism: stages of formation
Magdilov M.M., Khanmagomedova H.G.
Political and legal views of ancient thinkers as the basis of the theory of the rule of law
Gasanov O.B.
The institute of land acquisition for state and municipal needs in Canada: a historical analysis
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Kurbatova G.V., Ivanova O.V.
Modern discussions on the problems of legal regulation and implementation of elections in the Russian Federation
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Andryukhina I.Yu., Karama L.L.
Modern approaches to assessing the effectiveness of official activities of state civil and municipal employees
Berlizov M.P.
Problems of use, preservation and state protection of artificial reservoirs (water reservoir) and hydraulic structures that are objects of cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation
Biruykova E.R.
Motivation of public officers and its communication with the efficiency of its performance
Zakopyrin V.N.
The admissibility of verbal evidence in proceedings on administrative offenses
Kuznetsov A.K.
Legal regulation of the creation of regulatory «sandboxes» in the Russian Federation
Pogomiy I.N., Ermolina M.A.
Suspension of activities and administrative suspension of activities: enforcement issues in regarding hazardous facilities
Urusov Z.K.
On the issue of the application of Article 14.17.1 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation
Fedina L.M.
Analysis of the progressive reform of the legal regulation of legal relations in the field of state (municipal) procurement
Filin V. V., Fetkulov A. H., Rakhimgulova M. B.,
Baykenzhina K. A.
Administrative and legal aspects of occupational safety and health in the Republic of Kazakhstan
Zaruba D. S., Dogadina D. S., Ochak P. K., Chernov Yu. I.
Actual problems of countering deviant behavior of minors

MUNICIPAL LAW
Abazov A. B., Fayrushin T. A.
On the forms of direct participation of the population in the implementation of local self-government (on the example of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic)
 
CIVIL LAW
Aliyeva A. A.
Self-employment program as a new form of employment for vulnerable groups: legal challenges and perspectives
Allakhverdiev A. K.
Compliance and legal stratagems in Islamic law
Antonova L. I., Kolesnikova E. S., Korneva K. A.
The main challenges to modern law: digitalization of rule-making
Ananjeva E. O., Abovyan E. P.
Problematic issues of testamentary agreement: comparative analysis of the norms of legislation
Baboshkin A. A., Koshelyuk B. E.
Current aspects of the legal status of a stakeholder in common law countries
Bashilov B. I.
Release from attachment of funds as an interim measure in insolvency (bankruptcy) cases: problematic aspects of law enforcement practice
Gafiullin H. I., Gavrilyuk R. V., Nosanenko G. Yu.
“Affiliation”: concept and methodological significance
Gutieva I. G.
Concepts and legal grounds for stopping and detaining a vehicle
Ivliev P. V., Kosheluk B. E.
Grounds for termination of facultative obligations
Koval M. I., Veselova D. V.
Seizure of a land plot for state or municipal needs (civil law aspect)
Kosenko O. A., Safarov V. R., Abramova V. A.
Some features of the development and restrictions of human and civil labor rights during coronavirus infection (covid-19)
Kurbatova G. V., Ananyeva E. O.
Efficiency of legal incentives and legal restrictions in civil regulation
Lysenko N. A., Buryak V. A.
Perspectives of “smart contracts” applying in Russian legislature
Kolesnikova M. M., Maksimova E. V.,
Mishina E. V., Sachenko A. L.
Features of legislative regulation of turnoverability of objects created by artificial intelligence
Matytsin D.E.
Prevention of conflicts between participants in investment relations in the information space: methodological tools
Makhiboroda M. N.
Some issues of the specifics of civil liability in the obligations for transportation by sea
Ogorodnik V. F.
Compulsory purchase of a minor share in the right of common shared ownership: issues of law enforcement practice
Rykhletskiy P. L.
Actual problems and novelties of the Institute of representation in domestic civil law
Spector A. A.
Bona fide acquirer: concept, legal status, problems of implementation
Permyakov M. V., Racheva N. V., Kilin A. G.
Legal methods of resolving family disputes
Porfirjev A. A.
The system of energy supply contracts
Selyunin P. S., Tereshchenko I. A.
Release from debts in the procedure of insolvency (bankruptcy) of a citizen: new challenges
Semenov A. V., Simonova O. V., Amiri A. E.
Legal regulation of the definition of artificial intelligence as an object or subject of civil law
Stupina S. A.
Participation of investigators of the state fire supervision bodies of the Federal Fire Service in the protection of civil rights
Shildina M. V.
Models of settlement legal relations using the digital ruble in online and offline modes
Belousova E. V.
Protection of the rights of construction contractors under a state contract
Farafontova D. S.
Features of intersectoral regulation of alimony obligations
Shevchuk S. S., Petrov N. V.
Institute of substitution in inheritance law: history and modernity
Berman A. M.
Unification of the legal regulation of digital technology use in the European Union: a boon or a necessity?
Marakhovskaya K. G., Karpets S. I., Ermolenko K. I.
Harassment. How to fight discrimination at work?
Polina-Stashevskaya A. L.
Institution of abuse of law in insurance disputes: judicial aspect
 
CIVIL PROCESS
Kitaeva A. B., Polivtseva A. A.
Digital evidence in civil and arbitration proceedings
Mogilevskiy G. A., Komissarov A. V.
Topical issues of the administration of justice by the military courts of the Russian Federation:
history and modernity
 
ENTREPRENEURIAL LAW
Goncharova L. N., Sinenko V. S.
Notarial certification of legal facts
Malyshev S. Ya., Kiselev N. N.
The process of admission and granting interested parties access to information constituting a trade secret
Tkacheva N. G.
On the issue of establishing the content of the category “Legal regime of acceptance of goods”
 
LABOUR LAW
Kitaeva A. V.
On the issue of legal regulation of the organization of distance labor
Malkerov V. B.
Problems of regulation of labor relations of the teaching staff of a higher educational institution
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Anisimova M. A.
Regulation of ESG-banking in Russia based on international experience
Boguslavskaya N. A.
Financial basis of the federal territory “Sirius”
Komarova L. V., Farikova E. A.
The place of the financial control institute in the system of Russian law
Korobova A. P., Saigashkin Ya. V.
On the issue of the formation of the financial and legal policy of the state in the conditions of digitalization
Sharudinova I. D., Alieva E. B.
Tax avoidance schemes
Iljina K. E., Kurganskaya A. A., Chernov Yu. I.
Financial control in the field of population migration
 
TAX LAW
Magomayev A. A., Alieva E. B.
Features of the taxation of the self-employed in Russia
 
ECOLOGICAL LAW
Zubkova M. N., Brodetskaya M. A.
Early termination of the right to use the subsoil as ensuring state protection and protection of the subsoil
Klyukanova L. G.
Ensuring the environmental safety of the urban milieu: modern problems of the legal regulation
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Abdulaev A. M., Tailova A. G.
Voluntary refusal to commit a crime: issues of law enforcement practice
Aliev A. M., Alieva A. I., Marianov A. A.
Ways to increase the effectiveness of juvenile crime prevention
Akhtamyanov R. R., Nelyubin R. V., Zhukov N. I.
Actual problems of detecting crimes arising from drug trafficking
Badamshin I. D., litvina A. V., Kuliev I. B.
Crimes in the field of information and telecommunication technologies: trends and counteraction
Bondar A. G., Teunaev A. S.
The criminal aspect of using certain types of infocommunication tools
Voykova N. A.
Phishing and other social engineering techniques as a tool for online fraud
Guseynov A. A., Karelkin E. N., Shabaev V. V.
On the issue of tactical actions to combat cybercrime
Davletov V. I., Milyutin R. V., Zhabkin A. S.
Analysis of the criminal-legal characteristics of official crimes on the example of Article 293 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Zakharova S. S., Kuzmin S. S., Lakeev A. A.
Criminal law opposition to the spread of COVID-19
Ossama Qadi E. A., Manna Ammar Abdul Karim (A.A.K. Manna)
Trends in combating information technology fraud
Komissarov A. E.
The meaning (role) of the principles of openness and publicity in the process of preventing bribery in educational institutions of higher education in Russia
Magomedova A. I., Bilalov B. A.
The subjective side of a knowingly false denunciation
Manukyan A. R.
Aspects of criminal liability for failure to perform parental duties
Magomedov B. G., Demirov K. K.
Modern problems of using special knowledge in the detection and investigation of crimes
Marianov A. A., Mirzaev Z. M., Mirzaeva Z. Z.
Peculiarities of the personality of a juvenile delinquent
Semchenkov I. P., Sorokin I. S., Burdeyny V. V.
The object of the crime: public relations or possibility?
Taova L. Yu., Tolgurova Z. H.
Article 106 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation as an object of criminological research
Ushchekin S. N.
Improving criminal legislation providing for liability for organizing a criminal community (criminal organization) or participation in it (her)
Osadchaya N. G.
Forced labor and re-socialization of prisoners: problems and prospects
Petrova G. O.
War is a crime against humanity
Eremina A. A., Perezhogina G. V.
On the question of the qualification of an attempted robbery: theoretical and practical Problems
Badamshin I. D., litvina A. V., Kuliev I. B.
On the essence and content of the purposes of punishment in modern criminal law of Russia
Biysoltanov A., Tailova A. G.
Causes and conditions of violent crime against the individual and directions for its prevention
Guseynov A. A., Karelkin E. N., Shabaev V. V.
The concept of cybercrime
Nikiforov I. A.
Criminal punishment in the form of restriction of freedom: legislative and law enforcement problems
Ossama Qadi E.A
Cybercrime prevention in the US and Russia: Criminological characteristic identity of a cybercriminal in the US
Hadzhiev B. Kh.
Characteristics of subjective signs of evasion from execution or non-execution of judicial acts
Martynenko A. I., Trakhova F. A., Krivenko Yu. A., Chernov Yu. I.
The question of establishing responsibility for new types of fraud
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Gritsenko N. S.
Trends in the development of collegial consideration of criminal cases in modern criminal proceedings of the Russian Federation
Domovets S. S.
About some methods of committing theft in the field of express delivery of goods and cargo across Russia and the world and mechanisms for their detection and investigation
Dorosinskaya A. M.
The mechanism of actions and decisions of the interrogating officer, provided for by Article 427 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation, regarding the termination of criminal prosecution against minors with the use of a compulsory measure of educational influence
Zaytseva E. V.
Criminal procedural features and organizational and tactical aspects of counterfeiting investigation
Kornakova S. V., Kaak A. P.
On the question of the concept of «reporting a crime»
Maslennikova E. A.
Implementation of criminal prosecution in the field of international cooperation
Musina K. R.
To the question of the essence of the search as an investigative action
Pogorelskiy A. A.
Criminal proceedings against minors and the insane: the evolution of the formation of complicated differentiated forms
Popov D. P.
Functional characteristics of modern criminal proceedings
Pilenko I. P., Kulikovskaya I. S., Grigorjev A. V.
Criminal procedure of preliminary investigation by the captains of sea and river vessels
Stepanenko Yu. S.
The use of arrest as a type of criminal punishment
Smolina M. M., Sosnovskiy A. A.
Extremist crimes committed in the youth sphere: causes and prevention
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V.,
Danilova I. Y., Maslennikova E. A.
Initiation of criminal proceedings and criminal prosecution: questions of theory and practice
Sukhinin A. V., Tsebekova G. V., Basanov V. V., Mushinov B. T.
Rehabilitation as a form of restorative justice
Tsebekova G. V., Naktanov K. K., Basanov V. V., Adyaeva S. O.
The role of a forensic expert in criminal proceedings
Davydovskaya M. V.
Forensic investigative actions as a way of collecting evidence
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Byakina S. I., Karhanina L. V.
Problems of implementation by penitentiary inspections of preventive measures and punishments not related to the isolation of convicts from society
Ovsyannikova T. A., Sayfullin R. R.
Corruption in the penal system: statistics, determinants, leveling measures
Nazarkin E. V., Suleymanov T. A.,
Khamizova S. A., Maslennikova E. A.
Features of the preparation and conduct of identification during the investigation of the disorganization of the activities of institutions providing isolation from society
Roman E. M., Yunusov S. A.
Corruption in the penal system: statistics, determinants, leveling measures
Repina A. A.
Some features of attracting convicts to correctional labor under the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Titova O. Z.
The adaptation process of correctional officers of the Russian Federal Penitentiary Service
 
JUDICIARY
Kornakova S. V., Samoylova Zh. V.
Are the ideas of the search for truth and competition in criminal proceedings so incompatible?
Manukyan A. R.
Problems with the application of general rules for investigative actions
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Gauzhaeva V. A., Prokofjeva E. V.
To the question of the role of the criminalistic characteristics of the criminal’s personality in the investigation of violations of environmental protection rules
Nagoeva M. A.
About obtaining criminally significant information during the inspection of the scene
Stanovaya O. V. Chetverous A. N.
Features of working with material evidence containing traces of biological origin, associated with the subsequent appointment and conduct of DNA examinations
Yusupov A. M.
Interaction of the investigator with the authorities and persons involved in the procedural actions when checking the report of a crime in the credit and financial sphere
Nagoeva M. A.
Topical issues of glove trace research
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Akhiyarov R. A., Nikolaev N. Yu., Koshevets G. V.
On the issues of readiness of an employee of the internal affairs bodies for emergency situations
Bogdanov A. V., Kochnev A. A.
The role of modern software in the process of optimizing information and analytical work in the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation
Goncharenкo E. V., Taysaeva S. B., Deev A. A.
Psychological portrait (profile) of a situational molester in psychological and forensic practice
Karimova G. Yu.
The role of the district police commissioner in the implementation of measures to prevent homelessness and juvenile delinquency
Kumysheva M. K., Abazova E. K.
Features and procedure for the application of administrative coercion measures by the police
Maseychuk Yu. M., Bayramov S. A., Marchenko K. S.
Actual problems of fire and tactical-special training at the present stage
Stepanova A. A.
The content of the control and supervisory activities of the internal affairs bodies in the field of migration
Teligisova S. S.
The process of forming the value orientations of the personality of a law enforcement officer for the effective performance of their professional activities
Urusov Z. Kh.
Features of bringing citizens to administrative responsibility when they disseminate information on social networks in relation to officials (police)
Goncharenкo Ye. V., Taysaeva S. B., Bannikov D. V.
Lie as a psychothraumatic factor in a minor in the practice of a psychologist and investigator
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Akhtamyanov R. R., Bayramov S. A., Yakushev A. V.
The main threats in the field of information and communication technologies
Zhukov A. Z., Ingushev C. K., Shkakhova F. A., Makhov I. A.
Topical issues in the development of cybersecurity in the Sberanka ecosystem
Kanokova L. Yu.
Problems of using search equipment to ensure the safety of citizens
Kodzokova L. A., Kumysheva M. K.
International legal mechanisms for countering terrorism
Korkmazov A. V.
Countering extremism and terrorism as a priority for ensuring national security
Kuchmezov R. A.
Extremism on the Internet: legal basis and problems of counteraction
Nosatov Yu. N., Uvarov M. A.
Back to the issue of elections as a legal basis for the unlawful achievement of state power
Romanov A. A., Sobolev A. G.
About some methods of revealing a potential threat of a sniper in the activities of state protection units
Taran A. N., Ogryza A. V., Taran K. A.
The problem of self-defense characteristics in Russian legislation
Tkhazeplov T. M.
Techniques for obtaining information about a person’s appearance in the investigation of terrorist crimes
Shogenov T. M., Buraeva L. A., Kuchmezov A. N.
On topical issues of suppressing the activities of radical communities involving young people in the commission of terrorist crimes
 
ACTIVITIES OF THE PROSECUTOR’S OFFICE
Yakovlev N. M.
Human rights work of the prosecutor’s office to restore historical justice and the good name of P.A. Oyunsky, a statesman and public figure, deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from Yakutia
 
HUMAN RIGHTS
Yunusov A. A., Yunusov M. A., Akhverdyan A. G.
Philosophical understanding of freedom in the focus of human and citizen responsibilities
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Zorina N. S.
Causes and pedagogical prevention of illegal behavior in adolescence
 
SPORTS LAW
Vaskina A. A., Monakhov H. D., Kovalenko E. V.
Anti-doping organizations: concept, goals, structure
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Gaisina L. M., Baranov E. Yu.
Legal basis communicative interaction of government bodies and population as an object of sociological research (on the example of the administration of the municipal district of the Birsky district of the Republic of Bashkortostan)
Sadykova Kh. N., Purtova I. A.
Motivation of work behavior: opinion of oil company employees
Khairullina N. G., Goltsova E. V.
Interrelation of global and regional impacts in the system of modern societies
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Blazhenkova N. M., Bakhrushina F. F.
Digitalization as a factor in monitoring the socio-economic development of the region
Bystrov A. V., Talatin E. A.
Sustainable development as a strategic imperative for the development of enterprises in the fuel and energy complex
Vasiljev A. Yu.
Introduction of a risk-based approach when conducting control and expert-analytical measures for the costs of implementing national projects
Galyautdinov R. F., Chembarisov T. I.
Modern fraud schemes using information technologies
Zaytsev A. G., Mashegov P. N., Poltorykhina S. V.
Institutional and production systems of the region:
a theoretical model of the emergence of nonlinear dynamics
Kot E. M., Ruchkin A. V., Ruschitskaya O. A.
Training and experimental production units of agrarian educational institutions: analysis of risks and proposals for state support
Kuprikov N. M., Doronin D. O., Ekimov A. I.,
Kuprikova E. M., Kuprikov M. Yu.
Tourism and related services: relevance of the fund of standardization documents
Nuriev B. D., Doğan S.
Legal aspects of the use of artificial intelligence and robotics in the field of outbound tourism between Russia and Turkey
Skvortsova V. A.
Improving the organizational and economic mechanism for selecting objects of control at the stage after the release of goods
Galyautdinov R. F., Nasyrov R. R.
Influence of modern information resources on socialization and social adaptation of minor teenagers
Kruzhilin P. A.
Currency and its impact on pricing and prospects for the oil and gas industry in Asia
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Gayday M. K., Galtsev S. A., Kurilo S. N.
The role of the family in protecting the rights of minors
Gutorov Yu. A., Peshkov A. A., Plaksin V. A.
The understanding of the personality of Alexander Nevsky in the historiosophy of the Eurasians
Kolganov S. V., Glukhov P. S.
The world as a computer simulation
Kostina О. V., Shugurov M. V.
Apophathic foundations of oriental Christian aesthetics: the relevance of tradition
Uryadov A. V.
Philosophical analysis of life and death
Hassan Ali
The church’s structure of the sub-apostolic era and Christian persecution
 
INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Abukarova M.U.
Actual problems of international law in the perspective of modern international law and order
The twentieth century has become a century of weakening moral norms. This has become an end in itself under the bright cover of the ideas of freedom. The 21st century continues this tradition. The level of culture of the world community is reduced to the cult of strength, dominance over others. The real picture of the world is the neglect of recognition by states of each other as equal partners, the desire to dominate the rest. The situation is brought to the point of absurdity by the fact that the idea of sovereignty is already being questioned.
Keywords: international legal order, geopolitical map of the world, international security, information resource, extraterritorial, institutional structure, international law, declaration, convention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kostareva I. I. Gosudarstvennoe regulirovanie informacionnyh otnoshenij: mezhdunarodnye standarty // Gosudarstvo v menjajushhemsja mire: materialy VI Mezhdunarodnoj shkoly- praktikuma molodyh uchjonyh- juristov. - M.: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve RF, 2012.
2. Vitcum V. Graf i dr. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo –Volkerrecht / per. s nem. V. Bergman; pred., sost. nauch.red. i sost. ukaz. T. F. Jakovlev. - M.,2011.
3. Fukujama F. Doverie: social'nye dobrodeteli i put' k procvetaniju / Per. s angl. M.: AST, 2011. - S. 582.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Vazhenina I.V.
The problem of a unified approach in the legal design of theoretical tools in countering extremism
Optimization of new legal institutions and technologies in the field of countering extremism, the concept of which is not defined in international law, is of great importance for the theory of state and law. A serious problem lies in the duality of this concept, since the interpretation of the concept of extremism is very susceptible to manipulation.
The relevance and necessity of this direction is confirmed by a huge number of regulatory legal acts at the state and international levels aimed at combating the phenomenon under study, while containing fundamentally different approaches, which indicates the absence of a unified position on the content of extremism. Due to the fact that the growing wave of extremist movements threatens to destabilize civil society around the world, further theoretical understanding of this problem is required.
The existence of a single legal definition of the concept of “international extremism” and a uniform international approach to this problem would make it possible to ensure real counteraction to manifestations of extremism at the international and interstate levels. The difficulties of legal registration of theoretical and preventive tools due to the unresolved nature of various related problems currently entail the lack of effective coordination of countering and preventing extremism.
Keywords: state, law, security, international cooperation, extremism, terrorism, jihadism.
Work bibliographic list
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2. Gobbs T. Soch. T. 2. M., 1991.
3. Istorija gosudarstva i prava zarubezhnyh stran:Uchebnik dlja vuzov: V 2 ch. Ch. 2 / Pod obshh. red. d.ju.n., prof. O. A. Zhidkova i d.ju.n., prof. N. A. Krasheninnikovoj. – 2-e izd., ster. – M.: Izdatel'stvo NORMA, 2003.
4. Kireev M.P., Akiev M.H. Istoricheskie jetapy razvitija i ponimanija terrorizma // Trudy Akademii upravlenija MVD Rossii. 2012. # 4 (24).
5. Mic D.S. Antiterroristicheskaja funkcija gosudarstva i problemy «profilakticheskoj» koordinacii // Pravovaja paradigma. 2019. T. 18. # 3.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://j.jvolsu.com/index.php/ru/archive-ru/512-legal-conceptpravovaya-paradigma-2019-vol-18-no-3/teoriya-ipraktika-gosudarstvenno-pravovogo-razvitiya/2273-mits-d-s-antiterroristicheskaya-funktsiya-gosudarstvai-problemy-profilakticheskoj-koordinatsii (data obrashhenija: 05.07.2021).
6. Senin Ju.N. Gosudarstvo kak ob"ekt i sub"ekt jekstremizma // Juridicheskij vestnik DGU. 2018. T. 26.# 2. S. 39-45.
7. Lister Ch.R. The Surian Jihad: al-Qaeda, the Islamic State and the Evoiution of an Insurgency. New York:Oxford University Press, 2016.
8. Neumann P.R. Countering Violent Extremism and Radicalisation that Lead to Terrorism: Ideas, Recommendations, and Good Practices from the OSCE Region / Report by Professor Peter R. Neumann. London, 2017. P. 14-15. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.osce.org/chairmanship/346841?download=true; Chang B. From Internet Referral Units to International Agreements: Censorship of the Internet by the UK And EU// Columbia Human Rights Law Review. 2018. P. 120, 122.
9. Tom Miles. Syrian Opposition Fed Up with Terrorists, Seeks Haeip against Assad. Reuters? Mach 26, 2017.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-syriaopposition(data obrashhenija: 18.11.2021).
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Vodyanov A.V.
Financial Crime and Anti-Corruption Centre as Interpol’s response to modern money laundering threats
The article discusses the trends in the development of the competence of the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) in the field of combating corruption and money laundering. It is shown that in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the processes of globalization and digitalization are actively used by organized criminal groups to develop new schemes for committing transnational financial crimes. The author substantiates the need to develop the institutional mechanisms for international cooperation of law enforcement agencies in this area.
Keywords: Interpol, money laundering, corruption, international cooperation, financial crimes, the impact of COVID-19.
Work bibliographic list
1. PwC’s Global Economic Crime and Fraud Survey. Fighting fraud: A never-ending battle. – PwC, 2020. – 14 s.
2. FATF. Update: COVID-19-related Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing – Risks and Policy Responses.–Paris: FATF, 2020. – 32 s.
3. Financial crime operations. // Official website of Interpol. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: https://www.interpol.int/Crimes/Financial-crime/Financialcrime-operations.
4. Puzyreva Ju. V. Ukreplenie mezhdunarodnogo policejskogo sotrudnichestva v svete vyzovov i ugroz so storony transnacional'noj organizovannoj prestupnosti // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2020. – # 6. – S. 173–176.
5. Interpol launches centre against financial crime and corruption [Electronic resource] // Official website of Interpol. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: https://www.interpol.int/News-and-Events/News/ 2022/INTERPOL-launches-centre-against-financial-crimeand-corruption.
6. INTERPOL’S Financial crime and Anti-corruption Centre (IFCACC). – Lyon: Interpol, 2022. – 2 s.
7. Puzyreva Ju. V. Istoriko-pravovye voprosy sozdanija i dejatel'nosti Interpola // Pravo, obshhestvo, gosudarstvo: problemy teorii i istorii: Sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj nauchno-teoreticheskoj konferencii, p. Staroterjaevo, 15 aprelja 2021 goda
/ Pod obshh. red. S. G. Kulikovoj, M. V. Konopljanikovoj. – M.: Moskovskij universitet MVD Rossii im. V.Ja. Kikotja, 2021. – S. 180–182.
8. Puzyreva Ju. V. Tendencii razvitija transnacional'noj organizovannoj prestupnosti pod vlijaniem pandemii COVID-19 // Aktual'nye problemy mediciny i biologii. – 2021. – # 1. – S. 143-146.
9. Kotljarov I. I., Puzyreva Ju. V. Mezhdunarodnaja organizacija ugolovnoj policii: istorija i sovremennost' // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2016. – # 8. – S. 120-124.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Emelyanov S.V.
Fundamentals of the organization and interaction of the Russian National Central Bureau of Interpol with the international community
The article analyzes the topical issue of interaction between law enforcement agencies, within the framework of a centralized fight against crime on an international scale. The main positive aspects of cooperation between the member countries of the Interpol organization are established, as well as the tasks and specifics of the operation of this organization on the territory of the Russian Federation are considered.
Keywords: Interpol, NCB, law enforcement, international cooperation, law enforcement agencies, database, international organizations, criminal elements.
Work bibliographic list
1. Troickij S.V. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo v bor'be s prestupnost'ju. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2021. – 349 s.
2. Drobot G.A. Mirovaja politika. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2021. – 232 s.
3. Oficial'nyj sajt MVD RF. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/mvd/structure1/Upravlenija/Nacionalnoe_centralnoe_bjuro_Interpola (data obrashhenija: 17.12.21).
4. Bojarskih A.E. Vzaimodejstvie organov MVD RF s mezhdunarodnymi organizacijami i pravoohranitel'nymi organami zarubezhnyh gosudarstv po voprosam protivodejstvija prestupnosti // Voprosy rossijskoj justicii. – 2019. – # 2. – 7 s.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Norboeva T.V.
Key aspects of international legal governance of chemical substances: learning from the past
International legal governance, as an activity of purposeful influence on the relations in the sphere of chemical substances management between states, international organizations, international non-governmental organizations, is a complex and understudied subject of research. The article proves the need for a comprehensive analysis of the international regime of governance in the field of chemicals management in the context of the formation of a new model of global environmental policy, environmental quality improvement and the need to meet the goals of sustainable development. The author emphasizes the applicability of synergy processes within the international regime in the field of chemicals management, which allow to ensure the greatest coordination and interaction within the regime. It is proposed to use the experience of environmental programs for the purposes of chemical management.
Keywords: international legal governance of chemical substances, chemicals, international governance, international legal governance, UNEP, SAICM, sustainable development goals, synergy.
Work bibliographic list
1. Babin B.V. Programmnoe regulirovanie v sovremennom mezhdunarodnom prave: teoreticheskie problemy i prakticheskij opyt // NB: Mezhdunarodnoe pravo. – 2012. – # 1. – S. 36-75.
2. Bekjashev K.A. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoe upravlenie morskim rybolovstvom (na primere dejatel'nosti mezhpravitel'stvennyh rybohozjajstvennyh organizacij): Avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. – Leningrad, 1986.
3. Korovin E.A. Himicheskaja vojna i mezhdunarodnoe pravo // Sovetskoe pravo. – 1928. – # 2 (32). – S. 3-23. Krejk A.I. Ispol'zovanie obshhestvom sinergii v povsednevnoj dejatel'nosti // social'naja ontologija Rossii: sbornik nauchnyh statej po dokladam VIII Vserossijskih Kopylovskih chtenij / Pod red. V.V. Krjukova, V.G. Novoselova – Novosibirsk: Izd-vo NGTU, 2014. – S. 63-83.
4. Lukashuk I.I. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoe regulirovanie mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij. – M.: Mezhdunar. otnoshenija, 1975. – 176 c.
5. Norboeva T.V. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye osnovy obrashhenija s himicheskimi veshhestvami: v poiskah optimal'noj modeli upravlenija // Jelektronnoe setevoe izdanie «Mezhdunarodnyj pravovoj kur'er».– 2021. – # 7. – S. 68-75.
6. Sokolova N.A. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye aspekty upravlenija v sfere ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy:dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. – M., 2010. – 320 s.
7. Solncev A.M. Defekty mezhdunarodno-pravovogo regulirovanija ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy: nekotorye puti preodolenija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2015. – # 3. – S. 67-69.
8. Chernjad'eva N.A. Sovremennoe sostojanie i tendencii razvitija mezhdunarodno-pravovoj bor'by s terrorizmom: Avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. –M., 2018. – 60 s.
9. Bentley B.A. Producing the Climate: States, Scientists, and the Constitution of Global Governance Objects //International Organization. – Vol. 71. – # 1. – P. 131-162.
10. Betts A. Introduction: Global migration governance. – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. – P. 1-33.
11. Krasner S.D. Structural Causes and Regime Consequences: Regimes as Intervening Variables //International Organization. – 1982. – Vol. 36. – # 2. –Pp. 185-205.
12. Kummer K. The Chemicals and Waste Regime as a Basis for a Comprehensive International Framework on Sustainable Management of Potentially Hazardous Materials? // RECIEL. – 2014. – # 23 (2). – Pp. 172-180. DOI: 10.1111/reel.12084
13. Lodgaard S. Arms Control and World Order // Journal for Peace and Nuclear Disarmament. – 2019. – Vol. 2:1.– P. 1-18.
14. Henrik S. Global Governance of Hazardous Chemicals: Challenges of Multilevel Management. – Cambridge:MA: MIT Press, 2010. – 235 p.
15. Ustubici A. The Governance of International Migration. – Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2018. –249 p.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Al Mutairi Forat Zaki Salih
The role of international law in regulating the relationship between the occupying state and the occupied land in the event of the occupation
The author of the article analyzes the legal regime of military occupation, paying attention to the role of international law in regulating the relationship between the occupying Power and the directly occupied territory. Special attention is paid to the assessment of the international legal framework regulating the rights of citizens of the territory that temporarily fell under the regime of military occupation.
The article emphasizes that the main purpose of the implementation of the right of military occupation is to preserve the status quo in the occupied territories during the armed conflict in order to ensure the painless return of such territories to the relevant State in the future. As a concrete case, a brief analysis of the regime of occupation of Iraq is carried out.
Keywords: military occupation, international law, international humanitarian law, occupying state, occupied land.
Work bibliographic list
1. Artsibasov I. N. Armed conflict: law, politics, diplomacy/ I. N. Artsibasov, S. A. Egorov. - Moscow: International Relations, 1989. - 245 p.
2. Kalugin V. Yu. Course of international humanitarian law / V. Yu. Kalugin. - Mn.: Theseus, 2006. - 311 p.
3. Pictet J. Development and principles of international humanitarian law / J. Pictet. - Moscow: ICRC, 2000. - 157 p.
4. Boucher-Saulnier F. Practical dictionary of Humanitarian law / F. Boucher-Saulnier. - M.: Publishing House «MIC», 2004. - 552 p.
5. Kalshoven F. Limitations of methods and means of warfare / F. Kalshoven. - 2nd ed., ispr. - M.: ICRC, 1999. - 232 p.
6. David E. Principles of the law of armed conflicts: A course of lectures of the Law Faculty of the Open University of Brussels / E. David. - M.: International Committee of the Red Cross, 2000. - 720 p.
7. The Hague Convention of 1907 on the Laws and Customs of land Warfare // Conduct of military operations: Collection Hague Conventions and other Agreements. - Moscow: ICRC, 1999. - 557 p.
8. The United Nations. [Electronic resource]. – Access mode: http://www.un.org/russian. (access date:19.07.2007).
9. Geneva Convention of 1949 on the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (4th Geneva Convention) // Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and the Additional protocols thereto. – M.: ICRC, 1997. – S. 137-211.
10. Geneva Convention of 1949 on the treatment of prisoners of war // the Geneva conventions of 12 August 1949 and the Additional protocols thereto. – M.: ICRC, 1997. – P. 57-136.
11. Protocol additional to the Geneva conventions of 12 August 1949, relating to the protection of victims international armed conflicts (Protocol I) // the Geneva conventions of 12 August 1949, and Additional Protocols to them. - Moscow: ICRC, 1997. - P. 212-295.
12. Vienna Convention on the succession of States in respect of treaties in 1978.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Belyaeva Yu.L.
Current directions of Europol’s activity in the field of combating sports corruption
The article discusses the current trends in corruption crimes in the field of sports in the European Union. The author substantiates the connection between sports corruption, in particular match-fixing, and organized crime in the EU. It is shown that in order to combat sports corruption in the EU, there are being created additional institutional mechanisms for police cooperation of EU member states within the Europol.
Keywords: sports corruption, match-fixing, money laundering, organized crime, European Union law, Europol.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dark Web Investigation / Ed. by B. Akhgar, M. Gercke, S.Vrochidis, H. Gibson. - Cham: Springer Nature, 202.– 288 c.
2. Europol Analysis Projects // Official website of Europol. [Electronic recourse]. - Access mode: https://www.europol.europa.eu/operations-services-andinnovation/europol-analysis-projects.
3. The involvement of organised crime groups in sports corruption: situation report. – Hague: European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation, 2020. – 22 s.
4. EU Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment (SOCTA) 2021 – Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2021. – 105 s.
5. Europol. Beyond the pandemic how COVID-19 will shape the serious and organised crime landscape in the EU: report. – Hague: European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation, 2020. – 15 s.
6. Europol launches the European Financial and Economic Crime Centre / Europol press release of 05.06.2020.[Electronic recourse]. - Access mode: https://www.europol.europa.eu/news room/news/europol-launcheseuropean-financial-and-econo mic-crime-centre.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Nureeva L.R.
Some problems of modern practice of removal from office of federal judges in the USA
The article discusses the procedure for impeaching federal judges in the United States of America. The statistics of the impeachment procedure for the entire history of the existence of the United States of America is given. The law and modern practice of applying impeachment, as well as alternative impeachment procedures for removing a judge from office, are analyzed.
Keywords: impeachment, removal from office, impeachment of US judges, judicial immunity, liability of judges, mechanism, independence of the US judiciary, privileges, requirements, judicial constitutional review.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akchurin T. F., Federal'naja izbiratel'naja sistema SShA: problemy i ih vozmozhnye reshenija // Kazanskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij. - 2020. - # 11. - S. 25-34.
2. Mezjaev A. B. Prezumpcija nevinovnosti vo vnutrigosudarstvennom i mezhdunarodnom prave // Vestnik TIS-BI. - 2012. - # 3. - S. 116-125.
3. Mezjaev A. B. Process protiv Slobodana Miloshevicha v Gaagskom tribunale: nekotorye mezhdunarodno-pravovye problemy // Rossijskij ezhegodnik mezhdunarodnogo prava. - 2004. - T. 2005. - S. 91.
4. Mezhdunarodnoe gumanitarnoe pravo: vojna, pamjat', spravedlivost' (juridicheskie i istoricheskie aspekty). Ignatenko G. V., Perevalov V.D., dr. Uchebnoe posobie. - Moskva, 2020. - Ser. 76 Vysshee obrazovanie (1-e izd.)
5. Mingazov L. H. Nekotorye problemy obespechenija bezopasnosti lichnosti v mezhdunarodnom prave // Kazanskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij. - 2020. - # 11. - S. 25-34.
6. Osnovnye tendencii razvitija sovremennogo prava:problemy teorii i praktiki // Materialy V Nacional'noj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - Kazan', 2021.
7. Praktikum po mezhdunarodnomu pravu. Tolstyh V. L., Varlamov Ju. E., Dolzhikov A. V., Kanashevskij V. A., Kozheurov Ja. S., Kudinov A. S., Lifshic I. M., dr. - Moskva, 2021.
8. Safonov V. E., Mirjasheva E. V., Konstitucionnoe pravo zarubezhnyh stran. Uglublennyj kurs. - Moskva:Jurajt, 2016.
9. Hohrjakov M. A., Sushina T. E., Osipov A. L., Gol'cov A. T. Sudebnye sistemy zarubezhnyh stran. - Moskva:Norma Infa-M, 2019.
10. Rehnquist, William H. (1992). Grand Inquests: The Historic Impeachments of Justice Samuel Chase and President Andrew Johnson. - New York: Knopf Publishing Group. ISBN 0-679-44661-3.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Spiridonov S.A.
Significance of international legal regulation of cross-border bankruptcy within the European Union
The article is devoted to the significance of international legal norms in cases of cross-border insolvency (bankruptcy) within the framework of the European Union. According to the author, the definition of jurisdiction at the location of the center of the main interests of the debtor is relevant not only for countries that are members of the European Union. The progressiveness of this criterion allows the courts and other states not located territorially in the European Union to apply it to decide on the issue of proper competence and applicable law.
Keywords: cross-border bankruptcy, European Union, center of main interests of the debtor, lex fori concursus.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kvashnin P. R. Ob jeffektivnosti metoda smjagchennoj universal'nosti dlja celej regulirovanija transgranichnogo bankrotstva v Evropejskom Sojuze // Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija.- 2020. - # 8 (150). - S. 106-112.
2. Opredelenie AS Jamalo-Neneckogo avtonomnogo okruga 23.06.2016 # 81-6187/15 delo # A81-6187/2015.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://nalogcodex.ru/sud_pract/arbitrazh/opredelenie-asyamalo-nenetskogo-ao-ot-23.06.2016-_-a81-6187_15-(data obrashhenija: 4.02.2021).
3. Tagaeva S. N. K pravovoj prirode lex mercatoria //Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. - 2017.- # 3. - S. 30-33.
 
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Yusifova P.N.
Genesis of international legal protection of human health and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury and its compounds
Mercury is a unique metal that is a natural component of the natural environment, which, along with many advantages, has significant disadvantages: it is likely to have adverse effect on human health due to its toxic effects; as a result of the methylation process, it can harm living organisms; increasing vapor concentration of mercury in the environment would harm to the entire of natural environment.
That subject had been much debated in the international arena only in the second half of the 20th century. Under this article the historical process of adoption and implementation are analyzed by the states on the national and international levels of legal measures aimed at protecting human health and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury and its compounds.
Keywords: mercury, mercury compounds, adverse effects, human health, environment, UNEP, Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety, Minamata Convention.
Work bibliographic list
1. 22 sessija Soveta Upravljajushhih JuNEP – Global'nyj forum po okruzhajushhej srede na urovne ministrov(Najrobi, 3-7 fevralja 2003 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: file:///C:/Users/pariy/Downloads/K0360657_R_GC22_Proceedings.pdf (data obrashhenija:02.05.2021).
2. 24 sessija Soveta Upravljajushhih JuNEP - Global'nyj forum po okruzhajushhej srede na urovne ministrov (Najrobi, 5-9 fevralja 2007 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.unepcom.ru/unep/unep-bodies/gc/sessions/200-gc24.html (data obrashhenija: 02.05.2021).
3. 25 sessija Soveta Upravljajushhih JuNEP – Global'nyj forum po okruzhajushhej srede na urovne ministrov (Najrobi, 16-20 fevralja 2009 goda). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.unepcom.ru/unep/unep-bodies/gc/sessions/29-gs25.html (data obrashhenija: 02.05.2021).
4. Ermachenko A. B., Denisenko V. P., Kapranov S. V., Kotov V. S. Rtut' i zdorov'e. - Lugansk: VGU, 1998. - S. 12.
5. Borzyh M. N. Problemy zagrjaznenija okruzhajushhej sredy rtut'ju pererabotka rtut'soderzhashhih othodov. - M.: Oruzhie i tehnologii, 2008. - 21 s.
6. Borzyh M. N. Problemy zagrjaznenija okruzhajushhej sredy rtut'ju pererabotka rtut'soderzhashhih othodov. - M.: Oruzhie i tehnologii, 2008. - 28 s.
7. Global'naja ocenka vybrosov rtuti (JuNEP, 2002).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.eurocbc.org/final-assessment-report-25nov02.pdf (data obrashhenija: 02.05.2021).
8. GOST 12.3.031-83 Sistema standartov bezopasnosti truda (SSBT). Raboty so rtut'ju. Trebovanija bezopasnosti (10 oktjabrja 1983). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200008484(data obrashhenija: 24.01.2022).
9. Dobrovol'skij L. A. Zagrjaznenie rtut'ju, ejo vlijanie na zdorov'e i okruzhajushhuju sredu // Informacionnyj obzor o Regional'nom seminare po probleme zagrjaznenija rtut'ju — global'naja problema, trebujushhaja razreshenija. Gigiena truda, 20–23 ijulja 2004 g. - S. 560–563.
10. Doklad Direktora-ispolnitelja na dvadcat' pervoj sessii Soveta upravljajushhih Programmy Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij po okruzhajushhej srede, Najrobi, 5-9 fevralja 2001 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: file:///C:/Users/pariy/Downloads/UNEP_GC_21_9-EN.pdf (data obrashhenija:05.05.2022).
11. Larionov T. K. Rtut' v organizme ljudej i uslovijah zagrjaznenija okruzhajushhej sredy rtut'soderzhashhimi promyshlennymi othodami // Gigiena i sanitarija. – 2000. - # 3. - S. 8–10.
12. Oganesjan Je. T., Popkov V. A., Shherbakova L. I., Brel' A. K. Himija jelementov. - Moskva: Jurajt, 2020. - S. 251.
13. Pjataja sessija Mezhpravitel'stvennogo formu po himicheskoj bezopasnosti, Budapesht, Vengrija, 25-29 sentjabrja 2006 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.who.int/ifcs/documents/forums/forum5/02w_a_agenda_ru.pdf (data obrashhenija:
20.04.2021).
14. Reshenie 21/5 ot 9 fevralja 2001 goda Programma Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij po okruzhajushhej srede (JuNEP) o global'noj ocenke rtuti, prinjatoe na 8-m zasedanii 9 fevralja 2001 goda Komitetom polnogo sostava, UNEP/GC.21/CW/L.6. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: file:///C:/Users/pariy/Downloads/UNEP_GC_21_9-EN.pdf (data obrashhenija:05.01.2022).
15. Rio-de-Zhanejrskaja deklaracija po okruzhajushhej srede i razvitiju (Rio-de-Zhanejro, 3–14 ijunja 1992 goda). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/riodecl.shtml (data obrashhenija: 07.01.2022).
16. Solncev A. M. Rol' mezhdunarodnogo prava v bor'be s rtutnymi zagrjaznenijami // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. - 2015.- N 10. - S. 211-213.
17. Storony Minamatskoj konvencii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.mercuryconvention.org/en/parties (data obrashhenija:05.01.2022).
18. Federal'nyj Zakon «Ob othodah proizvodstva i potreblenija» ot 24.06.1998 # 89-FZ Jelektronnyj resurs (24 ijunja 1998). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_19109/ (data obrashhenija: 24.03.2009).
19. Filatov B. N., Charova T. A. Osobennosti diagnostiki i jekspertizy porazhenij rtut'ju // Zagrjaznenie rtut'ju okruzhajushhej sredy: jemissija v atmosferu,  vosstanovlenie territorij i vlijanie na zdorov'e. Mezhdunarodnyj seminar. - 2007. – S. 43-44.
20. Ashton M., Briefing Note on the Mercury OEWG // International Institute for Sustainable Development(October 2009). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://mercurypolicy.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/brief_mercury.pdf (data obrashhenija: 08.01.2022).
21. Barack Obama The 44 the president of the United States.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/presidents/barack-obama/ (data obrashhenija: 02.05.2021).
22. Barrett J.R. An Uneven Path Forward: The History of Methylmercury Toxicity Research // Environmental Health Perspectives. - 2010. - V. 118. - No. 8. – R. 352.
23. C. Bai et al., ‘Summary of the 21st Session of the UNEP Governing Council and Second Global Ministerial Environment Forum, 5–9 February 2001’ // Earth Negotiations Bulletin. - V. 16. - No. 6. – 2001. – R. 9.
24. Daryl Ditz and Baskut Tuncak Bridging the Divide between Toxic Risks and Global Chemicals Governance// Special Issue: International and European Chemicals Regulation. - Vol.23. - No. 2. - 13 August 2014. - R. 187.
25. Donna Mergler, Henry A Anderson, Laurie Hing Man Chan, Kathryn R Mahaffey, Michael Murray, Mineshi Sakamoto, Alan H Stern Methylmercury exposure and health effects in humans: a worldwide concern // Ambio.- Vol. 36. - No. 1. - February 2007. - R. 7.
26. Franz Xaver Perrez Emerging Issues in Global Chemicals Policy // Chemicals, Environment. - Health: CRC Press, August 2011. – R. 694.
27. Henrik Hallgrim Eriksen and Franz Xaver Perrez The Minamata Convention: A Comprehensive Response to a Global Problem // Review of European Community & International Environmental Law. - Vol. 23. - No. 2. – July 2014. - R. 201.
28. Henrik Hallgrim Eriksen and Franz Xaver Perrez The Minamata Convention: A Comprehensive Response to a Global Problem // Review of European Community & International Environmental Law. - Vol. 23. - No. 2. – July 2014. - R. 195-210.
29. Henrik Selin Global Environmental Law and Treaty- Making on Hazardous Substances: The Minamata Convention and Mercury Abatement// Global Environmental Politics. - Vol. 14. - 1 February 2014. – R. 9.
30. Hisashi Yokoyama Mercury Pollution in Minamata // Springer Briefs in Environmental Science, 2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-981-10-7392-2.pdf (data obrashhenija: 08.01.2022).
31. Kevin M. Rice, Ernest M. Walker, Jr, Miaozong Wu, Chris Gillette, Eric R. Blough Environmental Mercury and Its Toxic Effects // Journal of preventive medicine and public health. - Vol. 47. - No. 2. - March 2014. – R. 79.
32. Noelle E. Selin. Global change and mercury cycling: Challenges for implementing a global mercury treaty //Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. - Vol. 33. - No. 6. - June 2014. - R. 1206.
33. P. Poldervaart Mercury Convention: Persistence Makes a Breakthrough Possible. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.bafu.admin.ch/bafu/en/home/documentation.html (data obrashhenija:06.01.2022).
34. Rebecca Kessler The Minamata Convention on Mercury:A First Step toward Protecting Future Generations //Environmental Health Perspective. - V. 121. - No. 10. – 1 October 2013. - R. 306.
35. S. Andresen, K. Rosendal and J.B. Skjærseth, Why Negotiate a Legally Binding Mercury Convention? //International Environmental Agreements. - V. 13. - No4. – 2013. – R. 432.
36. T. Akanle, M. Ashton, W. Mwango and K. Xia Second Meeting of the Ad Hoc OEWG to Review and Assess Measures to Address the Global Problem of Mercury, n. 28 above, at 3 and 7, 6–10 October 2008, 16:72 Earth Negotiations Bulletin (2008). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://enb.iisd.org/events/2ndmeeting-ad-hoc-open-ended-working-group-oewgreview-and-assess-measures-address-global-5 (data obrashhenija: 06.01.2022).
37. UN environment programme: The Minamata Convection On Mercury. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.mercuryconvention.org/en/about (data obrashhenija: 02.05.2021).
38. UNEP GC, Decision 25/5, Chemicals Management, including Mercury (20 February 2009), n. 31 above, at paragraphs 26 and 32. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/10623/K0950890%20GC-25-17-Proceedings-FINAL.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y(data obrashhenija: 07.01.2021).
39. UNEP GC, Decision 25/5, Chemicals Management, including Mercury (20 February 2009), at paragraphs 27, 28. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/10623/K 0 9 5 0 8 9 0 % 2 0 G C - 2 5 - 1 7 - P r o c e e d i n g s - F I N A L .pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (data obrashhenija:07.01.2021).
40. UNEP, State of the Environment and Contribution of the United Nations Environment Programme to Addressing Substantive Environmental Challenges, Report of the Executive Director, Addendum: Chemicals Management (UN Doc. UNEP/GC.23/3/Add.1, 6 November 2004), p. 11.
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Ivliev P.V., Kondrashov S.V.
The main problems of defining and applying the concept of “statute” in the doctrine of private international law
In this research examines the concept of a statute as one of the main categories of private international law. The significance of the statute in the development of the doctrine of private international law is pointed out. Contains a critical analysis of the views of scientists on the concept of a statute and its role in theoretical constructions. Own criteria are proposed for defining the concept of a statute, which allow avoiding systemic errors in theoretical research.
Keywords: statute, proprietary statute, private law relations, conflict rule, conflict regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Get'man-Pavlova I. V. Mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo. V 3 tomah. T. 2. Osobennaja chast': uchebnik dlja vuzov. – Moskva: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2022.– 470 s.
2. Zabelova L. B. Mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo: kurs lekcij. – M., 2010. – S. 23.
3. Lutkova O. V. Rasshheplenie statuta v mezhdunarodnom chastnom prave // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2016. – # 4. – S. 133-142.
 
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Omran Mohamad Aghyad
Grounds for terminating a real estate lease agreement in the Syrian Arab Republic
The article discusses the problem of regulation of civil legal relations arising from the eviction of the tenant from the leased real estate. The genesis of the Syrian legislation on the lease of real estate in terms of regulation of relations arising in connection with the early termination of contractual relations is considered. The article considers the provisions of the Civil Code of Syria, establishing the grounds for early termination of the lease agreement unilaterally. The problem of determining the degree of damage caused to rented property is highlighted. There are two main types of damage to real estate, the presence of which may become the basis for the early termination of contractual relations: physical and legal. We consider the guarantees of the parties to the lease of real estate in case of damage or destruction of the subject of the agreement due to force majeure. The issue of the owner’s legal liability for damage to the leased property through his fault is being considered. The article considers the judicial practice in cases of early termination of a lease agreement in the event of physical damage to the leased property.
Keywords: lease, lease agreement, termination of the agreement, termination of the agreement, lessee, lessor, damage.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskij Kodeks Sirijskoj Arabskoj Respubliki. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.parliament.gov.sy/arabic/index.php?node=201&nid=12162&ref=tree& (data obrashhenija:5.01.2022).
2. AL SANHOURI. A.-A. L’intermédiaire du commentaire du code civil, Les contrats sur la jouissance de la chose, le bail et le prêt à usage. – Vol. 2, Dar Ihyaa AL Tourath AL Arabi, Beyrouth, pas de date précise. - R. 636. (data obrashhenija: 6.01.2022).
3. Sudebnaja praktika v otnoshenii fizicheskogo povrezhdenija arenduemogo imushhestva (Zhurnal Advokaty za 1975 god. – Baza 963. – S. 771.
4. Sudebnaja praktika v otnoshenii fizicheskogo povrezhdenija arenduemogo imushhestva (Zhurnal Advokaty za 1976 god. – S. 238.
5. Panchenko P. V., Frolova E. E. Sootnoshenie principa sodejstvija storon objazatel'stva s principami objazatel'stvennogo prava // Vestnik Akademii prava i upravlenija. – 2018. – # 2 (51). – S. 122-129.
6. Korolev S. V., Shulzhenko Yu. L., Rusakova E. P., Batyaeva A. R., Dudin M. N. Wrong price tag’ at a supermarket in the focus of general principles of law //Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics. –2018. – T. 9. – # 3. – S. 1004-1010.
 
EUROPEAN LAW
Tyumentsev V.O.
Legal regulation of the relations in the health care sphere in the Treaty of functioning of the European Union (TFEU)
This article concerns the legal regulation of healthcare in the EU within the framework of the Treaty of functioning of the European Union (TFEU). The features of the source of legal regulation that has a leading role in the system of European law in this area are analyzed.
The article also concerns such aspects as historical features and significance in the competence system. The importance of the source in the functioning of the EU healthcare law is determined.
Keywords: European Union, integration organization, supranational regulation, healthcare law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dogovor o funkcionirovanii Evropejskogo Sojuza (DFES), razd. XIV, st. 168.
2. Tjumencev V. O., Kompetencija Evropejskogo Sojuza v sfere zdravoohranenija // Vestnik Universiteta im. O. E. Kutafina. –2021. – # 7 (83). – S. 87-92.
3. Chetverikov A. O. Ot Evropejskogo soobshhestva zdravoohranenija k Evropejskomu sojuzu zdravoohranenija: proekt nadnacional'noj mediko-sanitarnoj i issledovatel'skoj organizacii stran Evropy i ego istoricheskaja sud'ba // Lex russica. — 2021. —T. 74. — # 6. — S. 138-153. — DOI: 10.17803/1729-5920.2021.175.6.138-153.
4. The History and Scope of EU Health Law and Policy., TILEC Discussion Paper, Mary Guy, Wolf Sauter. -18.01.2016.
 
LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Haytham N.M. Shakarna
The current legal mechanism of responsibility of members of the Management Board to third parties in Germany
Introduction: the relevance of the study of the issues of responsibility of members of the Board of Directors to third parties in Germany is determined by various factors of principled, objective and law enforcement content, therefore, the author aims to generalize the actual features of the legal mechanism of responsibility of board members to third parties in German law. Research methods are determined by a set of methods of scientific cognition, among which the methods of systematic, formal and comparative legal analysis are distinguished. Results: the presented author’s position is justified by the norms of legislation and the theses of legal scholars on the issue of regulation in Germany of the responsibility of members of the management board to third parties. Based on the analysis carried out, the categories of third parties in corporate law and the classification of types of liability of members of the Management Board to third parties are systematized. Conclusions: within the framework of the study, the classification of third parties as subjects of responsibility of members of the management board on the legal basis of the subject of regulation of relations (subjects of general, contractual, etc. responsibility) and on the functional basis of the participation of a third party in corporate relations (individuals, legal entities, authorities, etc. subjects of corporate relations, stakeholders, with the exception of shareholders, the company and its management bodies). The types of civil liability of members of the management board to third parties are systematized: external and internal liability of collective and personal content, public liability, special liability for violations of bankruptcy legislation, protective liability for violations of the rights of third parties established by law. At the same time, some problems of regulating the civil liability of members of the management board to third parties are identified and proposals for their solution by correcting legislation are reasoned.
Keywords: members of the management board; civil liability; board of directors; joint stock company; third parties.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aktiengesetz (AktG). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim  dostupa: https://www.buzer.de/gesetz/4702/index.htm(data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
2. Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (BGB). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.buzer.de/BGB.htm (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
3. Gesetz betreffend die Gesellschaften mit beschränkter Haftung GmbHG. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/gmbhg/(data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
4. BGH, vom 15.09.2014 - II ZR 112/13. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://openjur.de/u/759252.html (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
5. BGH, vom 12.10.2016 - 5 StR 134/15. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://openjur.de/u/2115868.html (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
6. BGH, vom 12.03.2020 - IX ZR 125/17. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://openjur.de/u/2201095.html (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
7. BGH, vom 30.06.2020 - II ZR 8/19. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://openjur.de/u/2271130.html (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
8. LG München I, 21.10.2021 - 5 HKO 1687/19. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://openjur.de/u/2362939.html (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
9. WD 7 - 3000 - 212/08. Wissenschaftliche Dienste des Deutschen Bundestages. Persönliche Managerhaftung. Das Privatvermögen von Managern als Haftungsobjekt. Ausarbeitung
10. WD 7 - 3000 - 082/20. 8 Juli 2020.Die Haftung von Vorstand, Aufsichtsrat und Wirtschaftsprüfern gegenüber Aktionären.
11. Burkhard Salaske. Haftung für Vereine und deren Organe. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.vb-mittelhessen.de/content/dam/f0603-0/Downloads/wir_fuer_sie/Engagement/VereinsLiebe/volksbank-mittelhessen--vereine.pdf (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
12. De La Cruz, A., A. Medina and Y. Tang (2019), “Owners of the World’s Listed Companies”, OECD Capital Market Series, Paris. – 46 r.
13. Jackson, Eugenia and Wilson, Sarah, Directors’ Liability Discharge Proposals - The Implications for Shareholders(July 8, 2008). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.cerhahempel.com/fileadmin/docs/publications/Birkner/Directors_Liabilities_-June_2008.pdf (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
14. Mock, Sebastian. (2016). Limitation of the Personal Liability of Directors in German Corporate Law. SSRN Electronic Journal. 10.2139/ssrn.2887541.
15. Rechtliche Einheiten nach zusammengefassten Rechtsformen im Berichtsjahr 2020. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.destatis.de/DE/Themen/Branchen-Unternehmen/Unternehmen/Unternehmensregister/Tabellen/unternehmenrechtsformen-
wz08.html (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
16. Stefan Wagner Haftungsfragen rund um die Vorstandsarbeit im Verband. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.schachbund.de/files/recht/downloads/haftungsfragen.pdf (data obrashhenija:
12.02.2022).
17. Thomas Oedekoven. Haftung der Vorstandsmitglieder eines Vereins. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.daniel-hagelskamp.de/standpunkte/haftung-vorstand-verein (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
18. Wirth, Gerhard, Michael Arnold, Ralf Morshäuser and Mark E. Greene. Corporate law in Germany. Beck München. 2017. – 611 r.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Bayniyazova Z.S.
The legal system and issues of ensuring a unified legal space in the Russian State
The article analyzes the issues of the development of the domestic legal system and the provision of a unified legal space. The significance of the legal system is investigated within the framework of understanding the value aspect of its organization and functioning for building the parameters of a single legal space. The author substantiates the position that the legal system acts as an organizing factor in ensuring a unified legal space. The proper organization of the elements of the legal system determines the nature of the national legal space, affects the manifestation of the requirements of consistency, which is a very urgent task in the conditions of dynamically developing social relations. At the end of the article, reasoned conclusions are given about the importance of following the further development of the legal system and the unified legal space.
Keywords: legal system, legal space, legal regulation, legal norms, law-making, law enforcement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Matuzov N. I. Aktual'nye problemy teorii prava. – Saratov: Izd-vo Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj akademii prava, 2003. – 512 s.
2. Oksamytnyj V. V. Pravovye sistemy v komparativistskom izmerenii: istorija i sovremennost' //Vestnik Brjanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.– 2012. – # 2. – C. 145-148.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Vladimirova G.E.
Features of the formation of civil society in Russia in the 20-s of the XXI century (theoretical aspect)
This article will examine the features of the formation of civil society in Russia, in particular in the 20s of the 21st century. It is noted that civil society is an integral part of the rule of law, and the rule of law is one of the main features of a state with a democratic form of government. It is concluded that at the moment in the country as a whole there is a decrease in public interest in many elements of democracy. It is emphasized that, unlike Western countries, in Russia, due to the lack of stable historical democratic traditions, there is a strong connection between civil society and the state, which has a significant impact on the process of its formation and development, and sometimes tries to put this process under its control. The dynamics of the latter’s interaction with state authorities and local selfgovernment bodies, as well as the main problems hindering their normal functioning in the Russian regions, are considered. The author comes to the conclusion that the emergence of civil society in the Russian Federation was quite specific. The specificity of the formation was that the state had more weight and a significant role, the formation of civil society took place at a slow pace, and there were also differences in the territorial distribution of the postulates of civil society in the minds of people. As a result, the process of formation of civil society was not completed and its institutions developed unevenly.
Keywords: civil society, democracy, rule of law, self-government, society in Russia, political sphere.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.pravo.gov.ru, 04.07.2020.
2. Bjakina M. M., Kachkaeva T. A., Chekushkin A. N. Problemy vzaimodejstvija institutov grazhdanskogo obshhestva s organami gosudarstvennoj vlasti // Junost'. Nauka. Kul'tura: Materialy VIII Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Saransk, 18 dekabrja 2020 goda.– Saransk: OOO «JurJeksPraktik»; Sredne-Volzhskij institut (filial) VGUJu (RPA Minjusta Rossii), 2021.– S. 96-100.
3. Vishanova P. G. Osobennosti formirovanija grazhdanskogo obshhestva v Rossii // Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. – 2018. – # 3 (159). – S. 82-93.
4. Zhinkina T. Ju., Bacun Ja. V. Osobennosti formirovanija grazhdanskogo obshhestva v Rossii // Jekonomika. Pravo. Pechat'. Vestnik KSJeI. – 2015. – # 2-3 (66-67).– S. 25-30.
5. Ibatov R. A. K voprosu o formirovanii grazhdanskogo obshhestva v sovremennoj Rossii // Aktual'nye voprosy prava, jekonomiki i upravlenija: sbornik statej XX Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii:v 2 ch., Penza, 10 ijunja 2019 goda. – Penza: «Nauka i Prosveshhenie» (IP Guljaev G. Ju.), 2019. – S. 150-153.
6. Kotova V. V., Pracko G. S., Isakova Ju. I. Gosudarstvo i grazhdanskoe obshhestvo // Teoreticheskie aspekty jurisprudencii i voprosy pravo primenenija: sbornik statej po materialam XXIX mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Moskva, 01 nojabrja 2019 goda. – Moskva: Obshhestvo s ogranichennoj otvetstvennost'ju «Internauka», 2019. – S. 143-148.
7. Kurbanova S. A. Osnovnye tendencii i problemy vzaimodejstvija grazhdanskogo obshhestva i gosudarstva //Obrazovanie. Nauka. Nauchnye kadry. – 2021. – # 4. – S.99-101.
8. Popova A. D. Osobennosti formirovanija grazhdanskogo obshhestva v Rossii v uslovijah dogonjajushhej modernizacii // Istoricheskij zhurnal: nauchnye issledovanija.– 2016. – # 1. – S. 40-50.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Globa M.V.
The main circumstances (reasons) of the formation and evolution of the legal positions of the highest judicial bodies of Russia
The central objective of this research is the fullest comprehension of the essence of the legal positions of the highest judicial bodies of our country1 (hereinafter – “judicial legal positions”). The fulfillment of this task is achieved by considering in this article the main circumstances (reasons) of formation and evolution of judicial legal positions. The author identifies three key groups of such circumstances: objective or external, independent of the consciousness and will of a specific creator of judicial legal positions – socioeconomic, political, cultural-historical and technogenic; subjective or internal, relating to the personality of the creator of judicial legal positions – legal consciousness and internal conviction of the judge and special-legal, which increase the possibility of judicial legal positions, the degree of specific legislative regulation of a particular legal ins The analysis performed is not aimed at determining the exhaustive list of circumstances (reasons) of formation and evolution of judicial legal positions, nevertheless, it allowed us to understand more clearly the “essence” of judicial legal positions.
Keywords: judicial legal position, judicial authorities, reasons of evolution of judicial legal positions, legal regulation, judicial decision, social relations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Globa M. V. K voprosu o faktorah formirovanija i razvitija pravovyh pozicij vysshih sudebnyh organov Rossii // Nauchnye issledovanija i sovremennoe obrazovanie. - 2021. - S. 139-141.
2. Alekseev S. S. Teorija gosudarstva i prava. - M.:Jurid. lit., 1985. - 480 s.
3. Jarkov V. V. Grazhdanskij process. - M.: Volters Kluver, 2000. - 224 s.
4. Ovchinnikova N. O. Probely v ugolovno-processual'nom prave Rossii. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2018. -168 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Zolotukhina T.A.
On the role of the President of the Russian Federation in the Russian legislative process
The legislative process is one of the central constitutional and legal institutions of the modern Russian state, since it provides the main direction of activity of one of the branches of government — the legislature. At the same time, the author of the article pays special attention to the institution of the President of the Russian Federation and his participation in the legislative process, since this subject traditionally acts as a key link of the current state apparatus, which allows him to exert a noticeable influence on the activities of the legislature.
The article analyzes the role and place of the President of the Russian Federation in the legislative process. The President of the Russian Federation has broad powers to participate in the work of legislative bodies, and one of the main areas of communication between the President of the Russian Federation and the Federal Assembly is the area of lawmaking, within which there are such forms of interaction as the implementation by the President of the Russian Federation of the right of legislative initiative, the “right of veto”, conciliation procedures for overcoming disagreements between the chambers of the Federal Assembly and the head of state, the promulgation of the law, filling gaps in legislation.
In conclusion, it is concluded that the President of the Russian Federation is an important subject of legislative activity and can take part at any stage of the legislative process. To increase the effectiveness of the mechanism of legislative cooperation between the President of the Russian Federation and the Federal Assembly, as well as to clarify and specify the limits of the participation of the President of Russia in the legislative process, it is advisable to develop and adopt a law on the legal regulation of the legislative process in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: legislative activity, legislative process, powers, legislative bodies, President of the Russian Federation, legislative initiative, veto, conciliation procedures, promulgation of the law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abramova A.I. Sovremennyj zakonodatel'nyj process Rossijskoj Federacii: stadii i problemy ih sovershenstvovanija // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2007. # 2.
2. Bondarec E.B. Analiz konstitucionno-pravovyh polnomochij Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii v sfere pravotvorchestva // Zakon i pravo. 2012. # 11.
3. Drobot S.E. Prezident RF i Federal'noe Sobranie: nekotorye aspekty razdelenija i vzaimodejstvija vlastej v zakonodatel'noj sfere // Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. 2018. # 8. S. 25-30.
4. Zakonodatel'stvo Rossii v XXI veke / Pod red. Ju. A. Tihomirova. Po materialam 318 nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Moskva, 17 oktjabrja 2000 g. M.:Gorodec-izdat, 2002.
5. Kistrinova O. V. Soglasitel'nye procedury v konstitucionnom prave // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. 2016. # 8.
6. Kovaleva K.A. Realizacija Prezidentom Rossijskoj Federacii prava veto na «jekonomicheskie zakony» kak forma oposredovannogo uchastija v upravlenii social'no-jekonomicheskoj sferoj // Sovremennoe pravo. 2015. # 9. S. 38-43.
7. Kochetkov A. V. Stadii zakonodatel'nogo processa kak formy projavlenija pravovoj politiki // Pravovaja politika i pravovaja zhizn'. 2003. # 4.
8. Litvinov S. S., Krumina A. D. Problemnye tochki vzaimodejstvija Prezidenta RF i Federal'nogo Sobranija RF // Molodoj uchenyj. 2018. # 31 (217). S. 69-71.
9. Nisnevich Ju. A., Platonov V. M., Slizovskij D. E. Zakonodatel'naja dejatel'nost': Politiko-pravovoj analiz. Ucheb. posobie dlja studentov vuzov. M.:Aspekt Press, 2007.
10. Storozheva E.S. Uchastie Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii v zakonotvorcheskom processe // Otechestvennaja jurisprudencija. 2017. # 5 (19). Tom 2. S. 7-10.
11. Hamukov A. V. Zakonotvorcheskij process i zakonodatel'nyj process: razgranichenie i sootnoshenie// Rossijskaja justicija. 2010. # 6.
12. Chubakova N.V., Sobol' U.I. Osobennosti pravovogo regulirovanija uchastija Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii v zakonodatel'nom processe // Molodoj uchenyj. 2021. # 10 (352). S. 135-139.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Larinbaeva I.I., Vasiljev A.V.
On the question of the legal nature of economic rights
The authors address the debatable issue of the place of rights, characterized as economic, in the totality of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen. Thus, it is indicated that in the legal literature there are several approaches to solving this issue, and diametrically opposed. The authors join the position of scientists, additionally arguing the conclusion that economic rights should be considered as an independent group due to the distinctive features inherent in economic rights.
Keywords: social rights, economic rights, socio-economic rights, globalization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vagina A. M. Jekonomicheskie prava cheloveka i grazhdanina v Rossijskoj Federacii: konstitucionno-pravovoe issledovanie: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Cheljabinsk, 2005. – S. 5.
2. Solov'ev A. A. K voprosu o razgranichenii jekonomicheskih i social'nyh prav grazhdan kak samostojatel'nyh grupp konstitucionnyh prav i ih zashhita sredstvami prokurorskogo nadzora // Konstitucionnoe i municipal'noe pravo. – 2019. – # 1. – S.
38-42.
3. Gavrilova Ju. V. Jekonomicheskie prava v sisteme prav cheloveka // Vestnik MGPU. Serija «Juridicheskie nauki». – 2008. – # 1 (21). – S. 9.
4. Gatilov S. M. Globalizacija, dialog kul'tur i OON// Dialog kul'tur v uslovijah globalizacii: XI Mezhdunarodnye Lihachevskie nauchnye chtenija, 12-13 maja 2011 g. T. 1: Doklady. – SPb.: SPbGUP, 2011. – S. 46.
5. Druzhinin D. N. Jekonomicheskie prava i svobody grazhdan RF: konstitucionno-pravovoj aspekt: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Rostov n/D, 2003.– S. 3.
6. Plotnikova I. N. Osnovnye jekonomicheskie prava cheloveka i grazhdanina: osobennosti konstitucionnogo regulirovanija // Konstitucionnoe razvitie Rossii: Mezhvuzovskij sbornik nauchnyh statej. Vypusk 17. – 2018. – S. 134-144.
7. Putilo N. V. Social'nye prava grazhdan: istorija i sovremennost'. – M.: Jurisprudencija, 2007. – S.99-100, 185.
8. Rudinskij F. M., Gavrilova Ju. V., Krikunova A. A., Soshnikova T. A. Jekonomicheskie i social'nye prava cheloveka i grazhdanina: sovremennye problemy teorii i praktiki / Pod obshh. red. F. M. Rudinskogo. – M., 2009. – S. 51-52.
9. Stremouhov A. V. Jekonomicheskie prava cheloveka v Rossii kak rezul'tat mirovogo kul'turnogo razvitija// Dialog kul'tur v uslovijah globalizacii: XII Mezhdunarodnye Lihachevskie nauchnye chtenija, 17-18 maja 2012 g. T. 1: Doklady. – SPb.: SPbGUP, 2012. – S. 435.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Malikova A.Kh.
Correlation of forms of state and forms of law
The article substantiates the thesis that the formation of a socio-legal state is possible if its features are enshrined in social norms, namely in legal norms. At the same time, the location or hierarchy of sources (forms) of law determines the effectiveness of implementation of the best current forms of statehood. The present scientific article is of practical value for lawmakers, politicians, researchers interested in the issues of natural, objective improvement of the institutions of state and law.
Keywords: Constitution of the Russian Federation, rule of law, social state, sources (forms) of law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ivanova S. V., Malikova A. H. Osobennosti pravovogo regulirovanija auditorskogo finansovogo kontrolja v Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021. - # 3 (154). - S. 220-221.
2. Malikova A. H. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnoe posobie / Samarskij gosudarstvennyj jekonomicheskij universitet. - Samara: Izd-vo SGJeU, 2021. - 92 s.
3. Malikova A. H., Jankin G. N. Nalogovaja politika kak faktor stanovlenija social'nogo gosudarstva // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 8 (147). - S. 62-63.
4. Shtejn fon Lorenc. Uchenie ob upravlenii i pravo upravlenija so sravneniem literatury i zakonodatel'stv Francii, Anglii i Germanii. Rukovodstvo, izdannoe Lorencom Shtejnom, professorom Venskogo universiteta, kak osnovanie ego lekcij / Per. s nem. pod red. I. E. Andreevskogo, ord. professora S.- Peterburgskogo universiteta. Izdanie A. S. Gieroglifova. - SPb.: tipografija V. V. Pratc, 1884. - 594 s.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Miftakhov A.M.
The fight against youth extremism as a way to realize the inherentness of religion, the state and society
The article analyzes the direct inseparable relationship of religion, state and society. Issues related to the causes of youth extremism and other crimes, ways of counteraction are investigated. The question of a person’s inclination to realize personal goals, regardless of the harm done to society, is being analyzed. Religion is considered as an integral part of educating a person of a high level of legal awareness. Methods for preventing and combating extremism and other types of crimes are proposed, indicating that work in this direction will be most effective if the integrity and work of three components is understood: religion, state, society. Research methods: analytical method, survey method.
Keywords: religion, state, society, extremism, crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Majakovskij V. V. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij:V 13 t. / AN SSSR. In-t mirovoj lit. im. A. M. Gor'kogo. – M.: Hudozh. lit., 1955-1961. – T . 10.
2. Evangelie ot Luki, 10 glava, 5 stih.،يزورملا رصن نب دمحم ،ليللا مايق باتك رصتخم . 3
مايق باتك رصتخم هيليو ليللا مايق باتك رصتخم،تاحفصلا ٣٤٨ ،ةيبرعلا ،رتولا باتك رصتخمو ناضمر٥١ .ص ، ٢٦.٠٦.٢٠٠٦ ءاشنإلا خيرات
4. Antonjan Ju. M. Priroda jekstremizma // Ugolovno-pravovoj zapret i ego jeffektivnost' v bor'be s sovremennoj prestupnost'ju: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov / Pod. red. N. A. Lopashenko. –Saratov, 2008.
5. Golovin A. Ju., Davydov V. O. Kriminal'nye tehnologii ispol'zovanija social'nyh komp'juternyh setej v jekstremistskih celjah. // Izvestija TulGU. Jekonomicheskie i juridicheskie nauki. Vyp. 3.2. – Tula, 2012.
6. Vishnevskij Ju. R., Shapko V. T. Paradoksal'nyj molodoj chelovek // Socis. – 2006. – # 6.
7. Voroncov S. A. Ponjatie jekstremizma i ego sushhnostnye priznaki // Filosofija prava. – 2007. –# 4.
8. Volkov N. V. Jekstremizm kak krajnjaja forma separatizma: problema opredelenija social'no-pravovoj sushhnosti fenomena // Istorija gosudarstva i prava. – 2006. – # 9.
9. Ponomarenkov V. A., Javorskij M. A. Sushhnostnaja harakteristika sovremennogo jekstremizma //Juridicheskij mir. – 2008. – # 2.
 
THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Yankin G.N.
Current legal aspects of customs regulation in the EAEU at the stage of formation of the Economic Union
The article considers the most significant issues of customs regulation in the EAEU as a form of interstate economic integration.
Based on the stadium approach to the prospects for the further evolution of the EAEU from an economic to a political union, the role of supranational legislation in terms of ensuring effective customs regulation is outlined. It is concluded that there are a number of problems of unification of the customs legislation of the EAEU. To solve the problems of legal support of customs regulation in the EAEU, it is proposed to develop a common regulatory act of the EAEU regulating the procedure for organizing joint work of customs authorities of various EAEU member states in the implementation of border customs control. It is proposed to create within the framework of the EAEU an agency for the classification of goods with the placement of its divisions in the member countries and to determine the procedure for its interaction with customs authorities and to establish limits of responsibility to the participants of foreign economic activity.
Keywords: control, customs and tariff regulation, Eurasian Economic Commission, foreign economic activity, integration association.
Work bibliographic list
1. Reshenie Vysshego Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo soveta ot 16 oktjabrja 2015 g. # 28 «Ob Osnovnyh napravlenijah jekonomicheskogo razvitija Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza». [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: www.eaeunion.org (data obrashhenija: 01.02.2022).
2. Dragneva R. The Eurasian Economic Union: Balancing Sovereignty and integration // Post-soviet constitutions and challenges of regional integration. - 2018. - P. 48-70.
3. Tarr D. G. The Eurasian Economic Union of Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia, and the Kyrgyz Republic:Can it succeed where its predecessor failed? // Eastern European Economics. - 2016. - # 54(1). - P. 11-22.
4. Kichenina V. S. Pravovoe regulirovanie peremeshhenija cherez tamozhennuju granicu EAJeS produkcii vysokih tehnologij // Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. - 2020. - # 3. - S. 9-12.
5. Kudrova N. A., Zavgorodnij A. F. Nekotorye problemy sovershenstvovanija mer tamozhennogo regulirovanija na territorii stran-chlenov EAJeS // Problemy sovremennoj jekonomiki. - 2021. - # 3 (79). - S. 40-42.
6. Jankin G. N., Malikova A. H. Vlijanie pandemii na Evrazijskij jekonomicheskij sojuz: jekonomicheskie posledstvija i puti vyhoda iz krizisa // Mezhdunarodnaja i mezhregional'naja integracija v uslovijah pandemii: jekonomicheskie, sociokul'turnye i pravovye problemy: sbornik nauchnyh statej Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj onlajn-konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem, 25 ijunja 2020 goda / redkollegija: S. I. Ashmarina, A. V. Pavlova (otvetstvennye redaktory) [i dr.]; Samarskij gosudarstvennyj jekonomicheskij universitet. - Samara:Izd-vo Samar. gos. jekon. un-ta, 2020. - S. 545-549.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Burukin V.V., Fedotova I.N.
Mikhail Nikolayevich Galkin-Vrasky: a penitentiary researcher and a reformer of the Russian prison system
The article describes the activity of Mikhail Nikolaevich Galkin-Vrasky as a penitentiary scientist and the first-ever head of the Russian Prison Department. The relevance of the chosen topic is due to the fact that until now the attention of researchers has mainly been drawn to the work of M. N. Galkin-Vrasky as the head of the Main Prison Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. To a much lesser extent, the pages of literature highlight scientific ideas that were formulated by him and partially tested in the 1860s and 1870s. The authors made an attempt to consider the penitentiary concept of M. N. Galkin-Vrasky in the concrete historical context of its formation, as well as to analyze examples of experimental implementation of these conceptual provisions relating to the period that preceded the formation of the Main Prison Department. The article shows that under the leadership of M. N. Galkin-Vrasky, organizational and legal principles of the functioning of the Russian penal enforcement system were developed, and the basis of those principles was the advanced penitentiary experience of Western European countries.
Keywords: Mikhail Nikolayevich Galkin-Vrasky, the Main Prison Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, penitentiary science, prison reform, prison labor.
Work bibliographic list
1. Alad'ina L. S., Kovalev O. G., Shabanov G. H. Rossijskaja ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema: istoricheskie jetapy formirovanija. – M., 2007.
2. Gajduk S. L. Tjuremnaja politika i tjuremnoe zakonodatel'stvo poreformennoj Rossii: dis. …kand. jur. nauk. – M., 1987.
3. Galkin M. N. Ispravitel'naja tjur'ma v Lozanne //Severnaja pochta. – 1863. – ## 20, 21.
4. Galkin M. N. Materialy k izucheniju tjuremnogo voprosa. – SPb., 1868.
5. Galkin M. N. Mesta zakljuchenija vo Francii // Russkij vestnik. – 1864. – ## 11, 12.
6. Galkin M. N. Obozrenie sostojanija tjuremnogo voprosa v Zapadnoj Evrope // Severnaja pochta. – 1867.– ## 223–225.
7. Gosudarstvennyj arhiv Saratovskoj oblasti. F. 1221. Op. 1.
8. Detkov M. G. Tjur'my, lagerja i kolonii Rossii. –M., 1999.
9. Zubov S. V. Mihail Nikolaevich Galkin-Vraskoj:gosudarstvennaja i obshhestvennaja dejatel'nost'. – 3-e izd., ispr. i dop. – Saratov, 2017.
10. Zubov S. V. Penitenciarnaja dejatel'nost' M. N. Galkina-Vraskogo do uchrezhdenija Glavnogo tjuremnogo upravlenija // Perspektivnye napravlenija nauchnyh issledovanij po istorii ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossii: materialy II Vseross. nauch.-prakt. konf. – M., 2019. – S. 83–87.
11. Zubov S. V. Preobrazovanija M. N. Galkina-Vraskogo v Saratovskoj gorodskoj tjur'me v 1872 – 1873 gg. //Perspektivnye napravlenija nauchnyh issledovanij po istorii ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossii: materialy IV Vseross. nauch.-prakt. konf. – M., 2021. – S. 77–83.
12. Luchinskij N. F. Kratkij ocherk dejatel'nosti Glavnogo tjuremnogo upravlenija za pervye XXXV let ego sushhestvovanija. 1879–1914 gg. – SPb., 1914.
13. Materialy k istorii tjuremnoj reformy v Rossii. Pis'ma grafa V. A. Solloguba i K. K. Grota k M. N. Galkinu-Vraskomu. – SPb., 1901.
14. Materialy po voprosu o preobrazovanii tjuremnoj chasti v Rossii. – SPb., 1865.
15. Pertli L. F. Dejatel'nost' Glavnogo tjuremnogo upravlenija (1879–1895 gg.) // Perspektivnye napravlenija nauchnyh issledovanij po istorii ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossii: materialy II Vseross. nauch.-prakt. konf. – M., 2019. – S. 145–151.
16. Pechnikov A. P. Glavnoe tjuremnoe upravlenie Rossijskogo gosudarstva, 1879 – oktjabr' 1917 g.: avto-ref. dis. …d-ra jur. nauk. – M., 2002.
17. Rossijskij gosudarstvennyj istoricheskij arhiv. F. 1286. Op. 34.
18. Salomon A. P. Tjuremnoe delo v Rossii. – SPb., 1898.
19. Habriev R. U., Spasennikov B. A., Pertli L. F., Kopytkin S. A. Aleksej Petrovich Dobroslavin i otechestvennaja penitenciarnaja gigiena // Gigiena i sanitarija. – 2018. – # 5 (97). – S. 475–480.
20. Shubochkina E. I., Aleksandrova I. Je., Kurganskij A. M. K istorii formirovanija tjuremnogo znanija i sozdanija tjuremnoj mediciny i gigieny // Perspektivnye napravlenija nauchnyh issledovanij po istorii ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossii: materialy IV Vseross. nauch.-prakt. konf. – M.,2021. – S. 175–179.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Prokhorov V.V.
Organizational and legal bases of commander education of the official staff of the RKM of the Crimea in the second half of the 1930s
The article deals with the organizational and legal foundations of the commander’s studies of the commanding staff of the RCM of Crimea in the second half of the 1930s. Commander’s studies contributed to an increase in the special and general educational level of the command staff of the police. The author reveals a set of reasons that influenced the process of development of this type of professional training for the leadership of the RCM. It highlights the organization of the educational process of this part of the training of police officers, aimed at a comprehensive study of the basics of operational work, the norms governing criminal law relations, mastery of service weapons.
Keywords: city district authorities, URCM of Crimea, ROM, UNKVD of the Crimean ASSR, command training, police department, commanding staff, curriculum, NKVD of the USSR, police department, students, trainees, GOM, combat units.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prohorov V. V. Organizacionno-pravovye osnovy professional'noj podgotovki kadrov krymskoj milicii v predvoennye i poslevoennye gody // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 6 (133).- S. 341.
2. Vlasov A. V. Sovetskaja milicija: istorija i sovremennost' (1917-1987). - M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1987. - S. 192.
3. Arhiv MVD po Respublike Krym (dalee – Arhiv MVD po RK). - F. 1. - Op. 10. - D. 83. - L. 257.
4. Arhiv MVD po RK. - F. 1. - Op. 2. - D. 46. - L. 334.
5. Arhiv MVD po RK. - F. 1. - Op. 3. - D. 47. - L. 257.
6. Arhiv MVD po RK. - F. 1. - Op. 2. - D. 46. - L. 336.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Sypchenko A.V.
Political process in the case of the «Volga counter-revolutionary organization of the «Labor peasant party»» in the context of new archival materials and approaches
The article is devoted to the study of one of the largest political trials of the 1930s in the USSR - the political trial in the case of the “Volga counter-revolutionary organization” Labor Peasant Party””. The author introduces into scientific circulation a wide range of archival sources of various types, characterizing the degree of reliability of each of them.
In the context of new archival materials and approaches, the author builds his own concept of the problem under study. The author summarizes the main provisions of the study and concludes that the case of the Volga counter-revolutionary organization of the Labor Peasant Party was conducted in parallel with the case of A. V. Chayanov and N. D. Kondratyev in Moscow. This process was the largest political process in the Middle Volga region, as a result of which agrarian science was actually defeated. In addition, it is emphasized that the political process had a negative impact on the overall development of economic thought in the country, significantly limiting the scope of research.
Keywords: political process, the case of the Volga counter-revolutionary organization of the Labor Peasant Party, V. P. Arapov, G. I. Baskin.
Work bibliographic list
1. Nauka i krizisy: Istoriko-sravnitel'nye ocherki. -SPb., 2003.
2. Sypchenko A. V. Trudovaja narodno-socialisticheskaja partija: teorija i praktika. - Samara: Izd-vo SGPU, 2004. - 516 s.
3. Sypchenko A. V. Narodnye socialisty v jemigracii (20-30-e gody HH veka) // Izvestija Samarskogo nauchnogo centra RAN. Special'nyj vypusk «Gumanitarnye issledovanija». - Samara, 2005. - S. 138-139.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Shamurzaev T.T., Ardashev R.G.
False information about the work of special services found in literature, cinema and the media
In the article, the authors consider the possibility of archival verification of information about the work of special services, since some popular books and films on the activities of intelligence and counterintelligence are frankly fictional. When studying literary works and the media devoted to the activities of intelligence officers, it is necessary to take into account the factor of the author’s fiction, which is not based on events that actually took place. The authors show the results of some archival checks on the objectivity of the content of the media and works of literature. It is noted that such works give readers and viewers a false idea about the activities of special services and their representatives.
Keywords: literature and cinema, work of special services, false information, archival research.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dolgopolov N. M. Abel'-Fisher. - M. 2016. - S. 363.
2. Boltunov M. E. Razvedchiki, izmenivshie mir. - M., 2009.
3. Barykin I. Shhit i mech majora Zoricha // Tajny HH veka. - 2015. - # 6. - S. 6-7.
4. Chernjavskij V. Operacii sovetskoj razvedki: vymysly i real'nost'. - M., 2016.
5. Pis'mo # 10/A/A-4503 ot 18 sentjabrja 2020 g. Lichnyj arhiv R. G. Ardasheva.
6. Kukridzh Je. Gelen: shpion veka. - Smolensk, 2001.
7. Pis'mo # 10/A/A-4970 ot 30 sentjabrja 2021 g. Lichnyj arhiv R. G. Ardasheva.
8. Pis'mo # 6102-z 8187 ot 16 dekabrja 2021 g. Lichnyj arhiv R. G. Ardasheva.
9. Makarov P. Ad"jutant generala Maj-Maevskogo. - L., 1927.
10. Mihajlov M. A. Ad"jutant Maj-Maevskogo: chekist-nelegal ili mif sovetskoj propagandy? //MILITARY KRYM. - 2005. - # 2. - S. 46-50.
11. Pis'mo # 10/A/A – 4900 ot 1 oktjabrja 2021 g. Lichnyj arhiv R. G. Ardasheva.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Sergeev A.L.
Political and legal doctrine of cuban socialism: stages of formation
This article is devoted to the stages of the formation of the political and legal doctrine of Cuban socialism as an original ideological and semantic phenomenon. The doctrine of Cuban socialism was formed both before the Cuban Revolution of 1959 and after it, when solving a number of complex tasks caused by both external and internal factors. The origins of the doctrine of Cuban socialism lie in the national liberation struggle of the 19th century against the Spanish metropolis. In the first half of the 20th century, the formed Martian component acquired a social revolutionary character. The first decades that passed after the Cuban Revolution greatly strengthened the Marxist component of the doctrine, but the collapse of the USSR and the socialist camp forced the Cuban ruling groups to pursue a course of “rectification” and “return to the roots” of the Cuban national-state ideology with a new strengthening of the patriotic Martian
component in it.
Keywords: Cuban Socialism, the doctrine of Cuban socialism, Fidel Castro, Jose Marti, Martianism, Marxism, socialism, communism, world communist movement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Jose Marti. Nuestra America. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.josemarti.cu/publicacion/nuestra-america-2/ (data obrashhenija:15.10.2021).
2. Istorija menja opravdaet // Fidel' Kastro. Rechi i vystuplenija. – M.: Izd-vo inostrannoj literatury, 1960. – S. 5 – 90.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Magdilov M.M., Khanmagomedova H.G.
Political and legal views of ancient thinkers as the basis of the theory of the rule of law
In this article we will return to the origins of the doctrine of the rule of law and examine the process of forming its basic principles, as well as examine what role was assigned to the individual in the ancient polis-state. The political and legal views of such giants of ancient political thought as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and Cicero are the subject of the study. On the basis of their theses, conclusions are drawn about the extent to which the philosophy of the ancient world influenced the formation of the concept of the rule of law.
Keywords: rule of law, personality, law, policy, civil society, ideal state.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aristotel'. Politika. – M.: Jurajt, 2019. – 297 s.
2. Buchenkov G. A. Jevoljucija gosudarstvenno-pravovyh vozzrenij na sushhnostnye harakteristiki gosudarstva // Obrazovanie i pravo. – 2020. – # 9. – S. 61-66.
3. Ksenofont. Vospominanija o Sokrate. – M.: Ripolklassik, 2018. – 379 s.
4. Platon. Zakony. – M: AST, 2020. – 704 s.
5. Platon. Gosudarstvo. – M.: Ripol-klassik, 2021. – 536 s.
6. Ciceron. Dialogi. O gosudarstve. O zakonah. – M.:Akademicheskij proekt, 2016. – 249 s.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Gasanov O.B.
The institute of land acquisition for state and municipal needs in Canada: a historical analysis
This article discusses the development of the institution of land acquisition for state and municipal needs in Canada from its very inception to the present. The functions of expropriation of land plots are highlighted. Positive aspects in the legal regulation of the land acquisition for state and municipal needs are revealed. The author also highlights the main regulations that govern the expropriation in Canada.
Keywords: eminent domain, expropriation, private property.
Work bibliographic list
1. 8811571 Canada Inc. c. Procureuregénérale du Québec, 2018 QCCS 4554.
2. France: Declaration of the Right of Man and the Citizen, 26 August 1789. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode:https://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b52410.html.
3. The Code Napoleon and the Common-Law World; the Sesquicentennial Lectures Delivered at the Law Center of New York University, December 13-15, 1954. – New York: New York University Press, 1956.
4. Kavanagh, Henry John. and Quebec (Province). Civil code of Lower Canada: with the amendments effected by imperial, federal and provincial legislation, up to and including the first session of the ninth legislature of the province of Quebec, 61 Victoria 1898: also, the Federal Bills of Exchange Act 1890, as amended up to and including the Dominion Act, 60-61 Victoria 1897 /by Henry J., Kavanagh J., Lovell Montreal 1898.
5. Georges S. Challies, The Law of expropriation, Wilson Lafleur, 1963.
6. Blanchette, Nikolas. “Introduction to Expropriation Law.” Fasken, Fasken, 8 Sept. 2021. [Electronic resource]. – Access mode: https://www.fasken.com/en/knowledge/2020/12/15-introduction-droit-expropriation-quebec.
7. C.C.L.C. s. 407.
8. Régie des services publics, Bibliothèqueet archives nationales du Québec, consulted online. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: http://pistard.banq.qc.ca/unite_chercheurs/description_fonds?p_anqsid=20140826080226285&p_centre=06M&p_classe=E&p_fonds=35&p_numunide=895699.
9. Dorion, Guy and Savard, Roger, Loicommentée de l’expropriation, 1979, Presse de l’Université Laval, Québec, p. 1.
10. Marquis, G., 2010. Uneven Renaissance: Urban Development in Saint John, 1955-1976. Journal of New Brunswick Studies [online], 1, 91-112. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: http://journals.hil.unb.ca/index.php/JNBS/article/view/18194.
11. Holm, A., 2006. Urban renewal and the end of social housing: the roll out ofneoliberalism in East Berlin’s Prenzlauer Berg: urban renewal, urban policy, and modes of regulation. Social Justice, 33 (3), 114.
12. Lowden, J., 1970. Urban Renewal in Canada: a postmortem [online]. Thesis (MA). University of British Columbia. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: https://circle.ubc.ca/bitstream/handle/2429/34916/UBC_1970_A8%20L68.pdf?sequence=1.
13. Valiante, M. and Smit, A., forthcoming 2015. Introduction. In: Public Interest, Private Rights: Law and Planning Policy in Canada. Vancouver: UBC Press.
14. Cross, K.J., and Collier, R.W., 1967. The Urban Renewal Process in Canada: An Analysis of Current Practice. Vancouver: University of British Columbia.
15. Byers, P.F.C., 1962. Letter, 26 November 1962. RE: Subject: Africville. Letter to J.E. Lloyd and Members of City Council. Document D862 [online]. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: http://halifax.ca/archives/documents/102-4A.5.D8620001.pdf.
16. Paterson, M., 2009. Slum Clearance in Halifax: the Role of Gordon Stephenson [online]. Thesis (PhD). Dalhousie University. [Electronic resource]. – Access mode: http://theoryandpractice.planning.dal.ca/_pdf/ history/mpaterson_thesis.pdf.
17. Ruppert, E.S., 2006. The Moral Economy of Cities: Shaping Good Citizens. University of Toronto Press.
18. Carpenter, D.M. and Ross, J.K., 2009. Testing O’Connor and Thomas: Does the Use of Eminent Domain Target Poor and Minority Communities? Urban Studies, 46(11), 2449.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Kurbatova G.V., Ivanova O.V.
Modern discussions on the problems of legal regulation and implementation of elections in the Russian Federation
The article is devoted to the problems of legal regulation and the accompanying shortcomings in the implementation of elections in Russia, the most acute and diverse problems are considered, around which doctrinal discussions are being conducted, the importance of the effective implementation of citizens’ electoral rights in the context of increasing public interest in elections and eradicating absenteeism is updated.
Keywords: elections, legal regulation, problems, discussions, improvement, development of electoral procedures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avdeev D. A. Instituty neposredstvennoj demokratii v Rossijskoj Federacii // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. - 2020.- # 44. - S. 186-189.
2. Kachanov A. V. Jelektoral'nyj absenteizm v sovremennoj Rossii // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. - 2020. - # 1. - S. 33-37.
3. Majkova Je. Ju., Simonova E. V. Institut municipal'nyh vyborov v sovremennoj Rossii: problemy i perspektivy razvitija // Vlast'. - 2019. - # 5. - S. 19-27.
4. Ponomarjova Ju. Ju. Prichiny izmenenij rossijskogo izbiratel'nogo zakonodatel'stva // Obrazovanie i pravo. - 2016. - # 5. - S. 60-65.
5. Ross Kameron Rossijskie vybory i jelektoral'noe signalizirovanie // Politicheskaja nauka. - 2017. -# 4. - S. 34-60.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Andryukhina I.Yu., Karama L.L.
Modern approaches to assessing the effectiveness of official activities of state civil and municipal employees
The article examines the application of key performance indicators of personnel and the efficiency of the company as a whole in commercial organizations and analyzes the possibility of their use in assessing the effectiveness of the activities of state civil and municipal employees and public authorities and local self-government. The authors propose to evaluate the effectiveness of personnel in the system of state civil and municipal service based on the calculation of the index of efficiency of professional performance of each employee and the formation on the basis of the obtained values of the rating of employees of a public authority or local self-government.
Keywords: key performance indicators of personnel, state civil and municipal employees, public authorities and local self-government, professional performance index, rating.
Work bibliographic list
1. Travin V. V., Djatlov V. A. Kadrovyj rezerv i ocenka rezul'tativnosti truda upravlencheskih kadrov.- M.: Delo, 2015. - 176 c.
2. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.lazymarketer.pro/chto-takoe-kpi-prostimislovami/
3. Vesnin V. R. Prakticheskij menedzhment personala: Posobie po kadrovoj rabote. - M.: Jurist", 2014. -496 c.
4. Andrjuhina I. Ju. Rol' ocenki personala v professional'no-dolzhnostnom prodvizhenii kadrov v sisteme municipal'noj sluzhby. // Vestnik jekspertnogo soveta. Nauchnyj zhurnal. - 2020. - # 2-3 (21-22). - S. 38-42.
5. Andrjuhina I. Ju., Karama L. L. Sovershenstvovanie ocenki gosudarstvennyh grazhadnskih sluzhashhih kak uslovie uspeshnosti upravlenija regionom. //Izvestija Baltijskoj gosudarstvennoj akademii rybopromyslovogo flota: psihologo-pedagogicheskie nauki. - 2021. - # 3 (57). - S. 15-22.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Berlizov M.P.
Problems of use, preservation and state protection of artificial reservoirs (water reservoir) and hydraulic structures that are objects of cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation
The author explores in this article the features of the administrative and legal status of such cultural heritage objects, which are artificial reservoirs (reservoirs) and hydraulic structures. On the example of the Krasnodar Territory, the Republic of Adygea and the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, possible types of historical and cultural monuments are demonstrated, to which such objects and structures belong, the difference in their status and the possibility of transition from one type to another are analyzed, the problems of law enforcement practice in relation to such objects and structures are demonstrated.
Based on the analysis of the legislation of the Russian Federation and the established law enforcement practice of these regions, it is concluded that it is necessary to adjust the current legislation of the Russian Federation in this part by making changes and additions to it.
Keywords: legislation, object of cultural heritage, hydraulic structure, reservoir, use, conservation, reconstruction, state protection, ensemble, landmark.
Work bibliographic list
1. Karapetjan L. A. Ohrana kul'turnogo nasledija v Rossii v nachale HH v.: k voprosu o zakonoproekte «Ob ohrane drevnostej» // Kul'turnaja zhizn' Juga Rossii. – 2017. – # 1 (64). – S. 44-49.
2. Ruzhic'ka N.E. Єvropejs'kij dosvіd zberezhennja ob’єktіv kul'turnoї spadshhini v strukturі mіs'kogo seredovishha // Lіsove і sadovo-parkove gospodarstvo.– 2019. – # 15. – S. 13.
3. Krugljakova V. M., Kravcova P. I. Ohrannye zony ob"ektov kul'turnogo nasledija i ih vlijanie na jekonomicheskuju ocenku ob"ektov nedvizhimosti //Stroitel'stvo i nedvizhimost'. – 2021. – # 1 (8). –S. 148-155.
4. Surikova A. M. Osobennosti pravovogo rezhima zemel'nyh uchastkov v granicah dostoprimechatel'nyh mest // Biznes. Obrazovanie. Pravo. – 2021. – # 2(55). – S. 254-258.
5. Shevchenko Je. A., Lukashov A. V., Nikiforov A. A. Pravovye aspekty fenomena dostoprimechatel'nogo mesta // Imushhestvennye otnoshenija v Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2020. – # 10 (229). – S. 67-77.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Biruykova E.R.
Motivation of public officers
and its communication with the efficiency of its performance
The article examines the issue of the relationship between the motivation of civil servants and the effectiveness of their activities. The emphasis is on the fact that motivation plays a huge role in the life of every person. Performing daily work, receiving a certain result of his activities, a civil servant wants to be appreciated. Employee motivation is able to determine the correct direction, boundaries and forms of activity aimed at obtaining a result.
Keywords: civil servant, motivation, encouragement, performance, incentive.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zaharova T.I., Gavrilova S.V. Motivacija trudovoj dejatel'nosti: uchebno-metodicheskij kompleks. – M.:Izd. centr EAOI, 2010. – 264 s.
2. Nozdrachev A.F. Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba: Ucheb. Dlja podgot. gos. sluzhashhih. – M.: Statut, 1999. – 591 s.
3. Ovsjanko D.M. Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba. – M.: Jurist, 1996. – S. 167.
4. Remezov A.A. Motivacija i stimulirovanie trudovoj dejatel'nosti gosudarstvennyh sluzhashhih. –Tekst: neposredstvennyj // Molodoj uchenyj. – 2016.– # 11 (115). – S. 930-933. — [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://moluch.ru/archive/115/31115/(data obrashhenija: 13.02.2021).
5. Tjurin A.I. Teoreticheskie voprosy obosnovanija neobhodimosti stimulirovanija ispolnenija objazannostej voennoj sluzhby // Rossijskij voenno-pravovoj sbornik. – 2004. – # 1. – C. 23-26.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Zakopyrin V.N.
The admissibility of verbal evidence in proceedings on administrative offenses
Currently, the legislation on administrative offenses does not fully prescribe the procedure for collecting and securing verbal evidence, which leads to ambiguous implementation of legislation on administrative offenses by authorities and management, to collisions when using this evidence in the evidentiary procedure.
Keywords: evidence, admissibility of evidence, verbal evidence, legality, properties of evidence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Otvetstvennost' rabotnikov ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy za peredachu libo popytku peredachi zapreshhennyh predmetov licam, soderzhashhihsja v mestah lishenija svobody: ucheb. posobie / avt. koll.:Dazmarova T. N., Zakopyrin V. N., Sulejmanov T. A.– Rjazan': Akademija prava i upravlenija Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij, 2019. – S. 118.
2. Zakopyrin V. N. Processual'no-pravovye garantii prav i svobod grazhdan pri primenenii mer obespechenija proizvodstva po delu ob administrativnom pravonarushenii // Prava i svobody cheloveka i grazhdanina v ugolovnom i administrativnom sudoproizvodstve. – Rjazan', 2020. – S. 27-31.
3. Zakopyrin V. N. Voprosy prioriteta prav poterpevshego v proizvodstve po delu ob administrativnom pravonarushenii// Aktual'nye problemy administrativnogo i administrativno-processual'nogo prava (Sorokinskie chtenija). – Sankt-Peterburg, 2021. – S. 296-302.
4. Osincev D. V. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost':uchebnik. – M.: Jurajt, 2019. – S. 399.
5. Kaplunov A. I. Sovremennye podhody k ponimaniju administrativnogo processa kak rezul'tat i osnova razvitija otechestvennogo administrativno-processual'nogo zakonodatel'stva // Sibirskoe juridicheskoe obozrenie. – 2021. – T. 18.– # 3. – S. 261-276.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Kuznetsov A.K.
Legal regulation of the creation of regulatory «sandboxes» in the Russian Federation
In the context of the spread of the new coronavirus infection COVID-19, the high growth rates of the digital solutions market, an adequate response of the state is important. The article is devoted to the analysis of legal regulation the creation of experimental legal regimes (regulatory, digital “sandboxes”) in the Russian Federation. The requirements for participants, areas of digital innovation, promising projects in the field of transport and medical activities, a register of experimental legal regimes are considered. A brief description of the changes in sectoral legislation in connection with the introduction of experimental legal regimes is presented.
Keywords: regulatory sandboxes, digital innovation, legal regulation, cross-cutting technology, experimental legal regime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kuznecov A. K. Aktual'nye voprosy pravovogo regulirovanija tehnologii iskusstvennogo intellekta// Sovremennaja nauka: aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki. Ser.: Jekonomika i pravo. – 2020. – #10. – S. 152-154.
2. Kuznecov A. K. Jeksperimental'nyj pravovoj rezhim («reguljatornye pesochnicy») v kontekste razvitija vnedrenija cifrovyh innovacij // Aktual'nye problemy juridicheskoj nauki i pravoprimenitel'noj praktiki: sb. materialov XI Mezhdunar.nauch.-prakt. konf., posv. 30-letiju jurid. fakul'teta (3 dekabrja 2021 g., Cheboksary). – Cheboksary: Izd-vo Chuvash. un-ta, – 2021. – S. 178-184.
3. Kuznecov A. K. O pravovom regulirovanii novyh cifrovyh tehnologiĭ // Pravovye i nravstvennye aspekty funkcionirovanija grazhdanskogo obshhestva: sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoĭ nauchno-prakticheskoĭ konferencii, posvjashhennoĭ pamjati zasluzhennogo dejatelja nauki Rossiĭskoĭ Federacii, doktora juridicheskih nauk, professora V. P.Malkova: v 2 ch. – Cheboksary, – 2020. – S. 411-418.
4. Lebedev A. O. Regulirovanie cifrovoj jekonomiki. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cdto.ranepa.ru/podcast2-5 (data obrashhenija:13.02.2022).
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Pogomiy I.N., Ermolina M.A.
Suspension of activities and administrative suspension of activities: enforcement issues in regarding hazardous facilities
The article discusses some of the problematic issues that arise when applying a measure to ensure proceedings in a case of an administrative offense as a temporary ban on activities and the imposition of an administrative penalty in the form of an administrative suspension of activities in relation to hazardous production facilities. This paper focuses, first of all, on the problems that arise in law enforcement practice; some ways of solving problems are suggested.
Keywords: temporary ban on activities, administrative suspension of activities, hazardous production facility, the threat of environmental pollution, court, Rostekhnadzor.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ //Sobr. zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. – 2002. – #1 (ch. 1). – St. 1.
2. Postanovlenie Kaltanskogo rajonnogo suda Kemerovskoj oblasti ot 12 nojabrja 2020 g. # 5-225/2020 //SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Postanovlenie Nahodkinskogo gorodskogo suda Primorskogo kraja ot 18 ijunja 2020 g. # 5-350/2020 //SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Buchakova M. A., Vershilo N. D. Administrativnoe priostanovlenie dejatel'nosti po stat'e 9.1 Kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah: problemy teorii i praktiki //Pravoprimenenie. – 2021. – T. 5. – # 3. – S. 195-204.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Urusov Z.K.
On the issue of the application of Article 14.17.1 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation
Having analyzed Article 14.17.1 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation, the author concludes that there is no systematic application of it, despite the fact that it is universally imputed to offenders who illegally sell alcohol or other alcohol-containing products to individuals. In the absence of a detailed study and careful study of Article 14.17.1 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation, it remains “dead”.
The novelty of the article is seen in the author’s approach in the presentation of the available material, which is currently not enough, which actualizes interest in this topic.
Keywords: alcohol products, illegal sale, alcohol-containing products, administrative violations, administrative responsibility.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.2001 N 195-FZ (red. ot 27.12.2019) // SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
2. Oficial'nyj sajt sudebnogo uchastka # 3 Sol'-Ileckogo rajona Orenburgskoj oblasti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://si3.kodms.ru/index/ (data obrashhenija: 07.09.2021).
3. Oficial'nyj sajt Arbitrazhnogo suda Saratovskoj oblasti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://saratov.arbitr.ru/node/17270 (data obrashhenija: 07.09.2021).
4. Reshenie po delu # 7-25/2018 ot 16 marta 2018 g. Vyneseno 24 aprelja 2018 goda. g. Birobidzhan // Baza dannyh sudebnyh reshenij «Sudebnye reshenija».[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://sudebnyereshenija.rf/33348568/print (data obrashhenija:07.09.2021).
5. Postanovlenie suda po ch. 1 st. 14.17 KoAP RF #5-105/2017 // Baza dannyh sudebnyh reshenij «Sudebnaja praktika». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sud-praktika.ru/precedent/466561.html(data obrashhenija: 07.09.2021).
6. Bondarchuk D. Konfiskacija i iz"jatie alkogolja, a takzhe oborudovanija. V kakih sluchajah jeti sankcii grozjat pri sovershenii pravonarushenij? // JeZh-Jurist. - 2018. - # 38. - S. 118.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Fedina L.M.
Analysis of the progressive reform of the legal regulation of legal relations in the field of state (municipal) procurement
This article gives a legal assessment of such a phenomenon of domestic civil law as a contract for the supply of goods, performance of works and provision of services for state or municipal needs, in the perspective of the latest legislative reform. For this purpose, the study provides some statistical data, as well as the positions of the executive authorities of the Russian Federation. The author formed an opinion about the most significant changes in regulatory regulation and made a forecast of future development.
Keywords: civil law, administrative procedures, business law, government contract, customer, supplier, public procurement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sm. takzhe: Kabytov P. P. Analiz soderzhanija i struktury kontraktnoj sistemy v sfere zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlja obespechenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd // Vestnik SPbGU. Serija 14. Pravo. – 2020. – # 3; Varavenko V. E. Perspektivy primenenija v Rossii tipovyh dogovorov mezhdunarodnoj federacii inzhenerov-konsul'tantov (FIDIC) v praktike publichnyh zakupok //Pravo i politika. – 2020. – # 8; Umnova M. G. Ocenka riskov kompanij-postavshhikov pri uchastii v goszakupkah // JePP. – 2019. – # 4; Sajapina P. A. Upravlenie riskami gosudarstvennyh zakupok i ih harakter // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. – 2019. – # 6-2.
2. Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 5 ijulja 2021 g. # 27 (chast' II) st. 5188.
3. Sobranii zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 8 aprelja 2013 g. # 14 st. 1652.
4. Pis'mo Minfina Rossii ot 14.02.2022 # 24-01-09/10138 «O primenenii polozhenij Federal'nogo zakona ot 05.04.2013 # 44-FZ v redakcii Federal'nogo zakona ot 02.07.2021 # 360-FZ, a takzhe izdannyh v ego realizaciju normativnyh pravovyh aktov.
5. Analiticheskij otchet po rezul'tatam osushhestvlenija monitoringa zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlja obespechenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd v sootvetstvii s Federal'nym zakonom ot 05.04.2013 # 44-FZ «O kontraktnoj sisteme v sfere zakupok tovarov, rabot, uslug dlja obespechenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd» po itogam 2021 goda. Oficial'nyj sajt Ministerstva finansov Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://minfin.gov.ru/common/upload/library/2021/05/main/ANALITICHESKIY_OTCHET.pdf.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Filin V. V., Fetkulov A. H., Rakhimgulova M. B.,
Baykenzhina K. A.
Administrative and legal aspects of occupational safety and health in the Republic of Kazakhstan
The article examines the administrative legislation of Kazakhstan, which has been undergoing a deep process of reform and expansion in recent years. From the standpoint of scientific, theoretical and legal commentary on certain types of administrative structures, the authors show the administrative and legal aspects of the mechanism for ensuring safety and labor protection in Kazakhstan.
Keywords: labor relations, safety, labor protection, administrative responsibility, offense, the composition of an administrative offense.
Work bibliographic list
1. Filin V.V., Fetkulov A.H., Rahimgulova M.B., Bajkenzhina K.A. O nekotoryh voprosah sovershenstvovanija administrativnogo zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Kazahstan v svete Poslanija Prezidenta //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 2(153). – S.148.
2. Cyndrja V.N. Administrativnaja i ugolovno-pravovaja otvetstvennost' za pravonarushenija v sfere ohrany truda v obrazovanii // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2016. – # 2. – S. 105.
3. Cyndrja V.N. Administrativno-nakazatel'naja politika v Rossijskoj Federacii: aktualizacija problemy // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2018.– # 9 (124). – S. 146-148.
 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
Zaruba D. S., Dogadina D. S., Ochak P. K., Chernov Yu. I.
Actual problems of countering deviant behavior of minors
This article discusses the issues that reveal the actual problems of countering the deviant behavior of minors by the authorities. The meaning of state authorities is formulated. The role of internal affairs bodies and state bodies in the relationship to counteract deviations in behavior among minors is determined. The set of certain measures used by the authorities to solve problems related to the deviant behavior of minors is listed.
Keywords: deviant, internal organs, behavior, problems, minors.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vyzulin E. A. Gosudarstvennye organy po podderzhaniju pravoporjadka kak sub"ekt kontrterroristicheskoj dejatel'nosti: mesto, rol', napravlenija prevencii terroristicheskih ugroz // Nauka. Mysl': jelektronnyj periodicheskij zhurnal. Nauchnyj zhurnal. – 2015. – # 2.
2. Rodnyh L. V. Programma «Profilaktika beznadzornosti i pravonarushenij nesovershennoletnih»[Tekst] // Rabota social'nogo pedagoga v shkole i mikrorajone. – 2015. – # 2. – S. 28-41.
3. Samojljuk R. N. Problemy deviantnogo povedenija nesovershennoletnih // Juridicheskaja nauka i praktika: Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii. – 2015. – # 2 (30). – S. 222.
 
MUNICIPAL LAW
Abazov A. B., Fayrushin T. A.
On the forms of direct participation of the population in the implementation of local self-government (on the example of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic)
Local self-government, as you know, is one of the significant components of democracy, which is formed from a community of citizens living within the boundaries of the corresponding municipality. Local self-government bodies, due to their proximity to the population, perform the functions of public administration on an effective basis. It has been established that a long-term
dialogue should be built between public authorities and society with the involvement of citizens in the process of developing and making decisions on determining the strategy for the development of the municipality. Such a concept is the key to the formation of a full-fledged, independent and responsible civil society. It was also revealed that the participation of citizens in the implementation of local self-government pursues the main goal – improving the quality of life of the population of the municipal territory. After analyzing the situation in the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, the most popular forms of direct democracy were analyzed, and conclusions were drawn that in order to implement the forms of direct democracy, further improvement of the municipal-territorial structure, regulatory and legal consolidation of the competencies of local self-government and expansion of forms of interaction with state bodies are required authorities .
Keywords: local self-government, municipal formation, civil society, civil initiative, form of participation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 g. s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020 g.). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/ (data obrashhenija: 08.01.2022).
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 06.10.2003 g. # 131-FZ (red. ot 30.12.2021 g.) «Ob obshhih principah organizacii mestnogo samoupravlenija v Rossijskoj Federacii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_44571/ (data obrashhenija: 05.01.2022).
3. Abazov A. B. Predstavitel'nye organy mestnogo samoupravlenija v sisteme municipal'no-pravovyh otnoshenij // dissertacija na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk. Special'nost':12.00.02 - Konstitucionnoe pravo;konstitucionnyj sudebnyj process; municipal'noe pravo / Moskovskij gumanitarnyj universitet. - Moskva, 2013. - 206 s.
4. Aleksandrov A. A., Tarbeeva I. S. Grazhdanskoe uchastie v mestnom samoupravlenii // Upravlencheskoe konsul'tirovanie. - 2016. - # 12 (96). - S.63-71.
5. Gamidov S. S. Sovremennye problemy grazhdanskogo uchastija v osushhestvlenii mestnogo samoupravlenija v Rossii // Upravlenie. - 2019. - T. 7.- # 2. - S. 5-10.
6. Kajsinov A. Je. Modernizacija organizacionno-pravovyh form i napravlenij uchastija naselenija v osushhestvlenii mestnogo samoupravlenija //V sbornike: Aktual'nye problemy prava. Sbornik nauchnyh statej magistrantov. - Vladikavkaz, 2017. - S. 161-171.
7. Suvorov N. A. Uchastie naselenija v mestnom samoupravlenii: problemy vzaimodejstvija grazhdan s mestnoj vlast'ju // V sbornike: Molodezhnyj municipal'nyj forum. Materialy vserossijskoj nauchnoj internet-konferencii. Otv. redaktor E. I. Vasil'eva. - Ekaterinburg, 2021. - S. 233-237.
8. Finadeeva O. N. K voprosu o sovershenstvovanii uchastija naselenija v osushhestvlenii mestnogo samoupravlenija // V sbornike: Social'no-jekonomicheskie nauki i gumanitarnye issledovanija. Sbornik materialov XVIII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Pod obshhej redakciej S. S. Cherno va. - 2017. - S. 180-186.
 
CIVIL LAW
Aliyeva A. A.
Self-employment program as a new form of employment for vulnerable groups: legal challenges and perspectives
This article considers the self-employment program as a new form of employment of vulnerable groups, analyzes legal problems and prospects in this area. In the article, self-employment is characterized as an independent form of organizing socially significant economic activities. It is emphasized that in the modern period, the legal situation of self-employed persons is not completely regulated by law and it is proposed to adopt a separate framework law “On self-employment,” which should reflect the concept, rights and guarantees of selfemployed persons, issues of protection against unemployment, issues related to state support for self-employment.
The need to fill gaps in the legal regulation of issues related to the social insurance and pension benefits of persons belonging to these categories is justified by the introduction of appropriate amendments and additions to both labor legislation and social security legislation. In addition, the author draws attention to certain discrepancies between article 24 of the Employment Act and the Procedure for Organizing Self-Employment of Unemployed Persons, approved by Cabinet of Ministers Decision No. 168 of 13 May 2020, which is based on the same article and proposes ways to overcome them.
Keywords: employment, employment, self-employment, program of self-employment, vulnerable groups, individual entrepreneur, labor market, alternative forms of employment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija politiki samozanjatosti v Azerbajdzhane. - Baku -2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://cesd.az/new/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/EU_UNDP_CESD_Self_Employment_Paper.pdf (na azerbajdzhanskom jazyke).
2. «Strategija zanjatosti Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki na 2019-2030 gody», utverzhdennaja Rasporjazheniem Prezidenta Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki za #602 ot 30 oktjabrja 2018 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: http://e-qanun.az/framework/40416(na azerbajdzhanskom jazyke).
3. Rasporjazhenie Prezidenta Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki ot 7 aprelja 2016 goda «O dopolnitel'nyh merah po obespecheniju samozanjatosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://president.az/articles/18718 (na azerbajdzhanskom jazyke).
4. Ministerstvo truda i social'noj zashhity naselenija, Central'nyj bank i Associacija Bankov podpisali Memorandum o sotrudnichestve po okazaniju pomoshhi v organizacii samozanjatosti ujazvimyh grupp. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.social.gov.az/3259 (na azerbajdzhanskom jazyke).
5. Gasymov, A.M. Trudovye prava i svobody javljajutsja neot"emlemoj chast'ju osnovnyh prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina // Novosti Bakinskogo Universiteta. Serija «Social'no-politicheskie nauki».- 2006. - # 2. - S. 5-21. (na azerbajdzhanskom jazyke).
6. Programma samozanjatosti vysoko cenitsja na mezhdunarodnom urovne kak primer uspeshnoj praktiki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sitat.news/ozunumesguluk-programi-beynelxalqseviyyede-ugurlu-tecrube-numunesi-kimi-yuksekdeyerlendirilir-xalqqazeticom (na azerbajdzhanskom jazyke).
7. Abramova E.A. Krizisnaja samozanjatost' v Rossii:klassifikacija, struktura i urovni razvitija // Sovremennye naukojomkie tehnologii. Regional'noe prilozhenie. - Ivanovo: Izd-vo Ivanovskogo gosudarstvennogo himiko-tehnologicheskogo universiteta. - 2012. - # 4. - S. 6-15.
8. Apresova N.G. Pravovoj status samozanjatyh kak nalogoplatel'shhikov // Vestnik Universiteta imeni O.E.Kutafina (MGJuA). - 2020. - # 7. - S. 130-137.
9. Babajceva, E.A. Grazhdansko-pravovaja priroda samozanjatosti grazhdan // Biznes. Obrazovanie. Pravo. - 2017. - # 1 (38). - S. 206-209.
10. Bezrabotica i samozanjatost' / N.N. Abakumova, N.M. Volovskaja, L.K. Pljusnina [i dr.]; otv. red. M.V. Udal'cova. - Novosibirsk: NGAJeIU, 1997. - 196 s.
11. Bondarenko, V.A. Razvitie samozanjatosti v stranah Evropejskogo Sojuza i SShA / V.A. Bondarenko. Moskva:NP «Moskovskij centr razvitija predprinimatel'stva», 2009. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.giac.ru/content/document_r_A4F92072-2395-4116-96E5-EE761 69118C7.html.
12. Volovskaja N.M. Bezrabotica i samozanjatost': ozhidanija i realii (po materialam sociologicheskih issledovanij) / N.M. Volovskaja, L.K. Pljusnina, A.V. Rusina [i dr.] // Teorija i praktika obshhestvennogo razvitija. - 2018. - # 11. - 22-31.
13. Volovskaja N.M., Pljusnina L.K., Rusina A.V. Issledovanie dinamiki vlijanija social'no-kognitivnyh reguljatorov nezanjatogo naselenija na vybor samozanjatosti // Vestnik NGUJeU. - 2015. - #1. - S. 293-303.
14. Iljashova G.K. Samozanjatost' kak novoe napravlenie zanjatosti v Respublike Kazahstan. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.rusnauka.com/36_PVMN_2013/Economics/5_153587.doc.htm.
15. Isaev M.H. Razvitie samozanjatosti naselenija kak put' reshenija problemy zanjatosti // Globus. - 2019.- # 7 (40). - S. 76-78.
16. Kostjuk I.V. Zanjatost' i samozanjatost' kak forma dohodnoj dejatel'nosti grazhdan // Rossijskij zhurnal pravovyh issledovanij. - 2017. - # 2 (11). - S.202-206.
17. Krjukova E.S., Ruzanova V.D. Individual'nyj predprinimatel' i samozanjatyj grazhdanin: sootnoshenie ponjatij // Zakony Rossii: Opyt, analiz, praktika. - 2018. - # 3. - S. 21-26.
18. Kuz'mina Ju. Al'ternativnye formy zanjatosti i problema ih pravovogo regulirovanija // Federalizm. - 2019. - # 3. - S. 197-204.
19. Nesterenko Ju.N. Samozanjatost' v Rossii: sostojanie i potencial razvitija // Narodonaselenie. -2019. - # 4. - S. 78-89.
20. Pokida A.N. Pravovoe soznanie samozanjatyh grazhdan // Vlast'. - 2019. - # 2. - S. 176-183.
21. Pokida A.N., Zybunovskaja, N.V. Samozanjatost' na sovremennom rynke truda // Social'no-trudovye issledovanija. - 2019. - # 36 (3). - S. 18-29.
22. Prokof'eva, A.Ju., Ruzaeva, E.M. Pravovoe regulirovanie samozanjatyh grazhdan // Economics, politics, law: trends and prospects. - 2019. January. - Pp. 55-58.
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24. Tonkih N.V., Babinceva A.V. Issledovanie samozanjatosti naselenija v Rossijskoj Federacii:obshhie i chastnye problemy // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija «Jekonomika». - 2020. - T. 18.# 1. - S. 172-183.
25. Cukanova E.Ju., Pridatko E.A. K voprosu pravovogo statusa samozanjatyh grazhdan // Voprosy rossijskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava. - 2016. - # 9. - S. 196-203.
26. Shevchuk A.V. Granicy avtonomii: fenomen «zavisimoj» samozanjatosti // Sociologicheskij zhurnal. -2010. - # 3. - S. 36-50.
27. Pedersini R., Coletto D. Self-employed workers: industrial relations and working conditions. - Dublin: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2009. - 76 p.
 
CIVIL LAW
Allakhverdiev A. K.
Compliance and legal stratagems in Islamic law
The article examines the theoretical aspects of legal stratagems in Islamic law. The concept of legal stratagems and its characteristic features are determined. The necessity of scientific research of the concept of legal stratagems, taking into account the specifics of business activities is noted. The question of the applicability of the compliance to the legal stratagems is also investigated.
Keywords: legal stratagem, compliance, business activity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bizjukov S.N. Juridicheskie ulovki v islamskom prave: put' ot srednevekov'ja do XXI veka // Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshej shkol jekonomiki. 2014. # 3. S. 31-54.
2. Puginskij B.I. Izbrannye trudy: sbornik k 75-letnemu jubileju. M., 2016. 522 s.
3. Roje M. Islamskoe pravo: istorija i sovremennost'/ Perevod s nemeckogo A. Muhamatchinoj. M., 2019. 576 s.
4. Sjukijajnen L.R. Islamskoe pravo i dialog kul'tur v sovremennom mire. M., 2021. 684 s.
5. Shirvindt A.M. Znachenie fikcii v rimskom prave.M., 2013. 255 s.
6. Islamic Finance: Law and Practice / Edited by Craig R. Nethercott and David M. Eisenberg. Oxford University Press; 2nd edition (May 12, 2020). 416 p.
7. Schacht Joseph. Hiyal // Encyclopaedia of Islam. 2nd ed. Vol. III. Leiden: Brill, 1960. R. 510-513.
8. What is Compliance? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.int-comp.org/careers/yourcareer-in-compliance/career-in-compliance/ (data obrashhenija: 30.01.2022).
 
CIVIL LAW
Antonova L. I., Kolesnikova E. S., Korneva K. A.
The main challenges to modern law: digitalization of rule-making
The article raises the problem of what is currently happening under the influence of many factors changing the system of law. The article also discusses some topical issues about cyclic legal arrays; the issues of systematization of cyclic legal arrays in the context of digitalization are analyzed. The authors explain the place and significance of the concept of machine-readable law as one of the areas of digital transformations in law and as one of the elements of LegalTech regulatory technologies. Conclusions are drawn about the need for automation of rule-making activities.
Keywords: system of law, cyclic normative array, digitalization, rule-making, machine-readable law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Habrieva T.Ja. Ciklicheskie normativnye massivy v prave // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2019. – # 12. – S. 5-18.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O cifrovyh finansovyh aktivah, cifrovoj valjute i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 31.07.2020 # 259-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija) – Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». – Tekst:jelektronnyj.
3. Federal'nyj zakon «O privlechenii investicij s ispol'zovaniem investicionnyh platform i o vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 02.08.2019 # 259-FZ (poslednjaja redakcija) – Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». – Tekst: jelektronnyj.
4. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.scli.ru/.
5. «Koncepcija razvitija tehnologij mashinochitaemogo prava (utv. Pravitel'stvennoj komissiej po cifrovomu razvitiju, ispol'zovaniju informacionnyh tehnologij dlja uluchshenija kachestva zhizni i uslovij vedenija predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti, protokol ot 15.09.2021 # 31) – Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus». – Tekst: jelektronnyj.
 
CIVIL LAW
Ananjeva E. O., Abovyan E. P.
Problematic issues of testamentary agreement: comparative analysis of the norms of legislation
The article considers a new type of contract for domestic legislation – a hereditary contract. The authors analyze this rule, which combines several branches of law, namely civil, inheritance and family law. Considering the functions of such a transaction, it is impossible to bypass the states in which such an agreement has already been in force for several decades and has found its application in a fairly extensive audience of citizens of both European and Asian states.
Keywords: civil legislation, inheritance law, inheritance contract, bilateral transaction, will, testator, circle of heirs.
Work bibliographic list
1. Mironova V. A., Anan'eva E. O. Osobennosti pravovogo regulirovanija instituta nasledovanija po zakonu i po zaveshhaniju // Vestnik obshhestvennoj nauchno-issledovatel'skoj laboratorii «Vzaimodejstvie ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy s institutami grazhdanskogo obshhestva: istoriko-pravovye i teoretiko-metodologicheskie aspekty». - 2021. - # 21. - S. 129-134.
2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Kitaja: Kniga VI o nasledovanii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://ru.chinajusticeobserver.com/law/x/civil-codeof-china-part-vi-succession-20200528 (data obrashhenija: 18.01.2022).
3. Zakon KNR «O nasledovanii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://chinahelp.me/notary/zakon-knr-o-nasledovanii (data obrashhenija:18.01.2022).
4. Germanskoe grazhdanskoe ulozhenie. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikisource.org/wiki/Germanskoe_grazhdanskoe_ulozhenie (data obrashhenija: 18.01.2022).
5. Nasledstvennyj dogovor v Germanii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://pravo.studio/pravo-rossii-nasledstvennoe/nasledstvennyiydogovor-germanii145-89192.html (data obrashhenija:18.01.2022).
6. V Rossii za god na 22 % vyroslo kolichestvo zaveshhanij. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.rbc.ru/society/28/07/2021/610021a89a7947c2eed77688 (data obrashhenija: 18.01.2022).
 
CIVIL LAW
Baboshkin A. A., Koshelyuk B. E.
Current aspects of the legal status of a stakeholder in common law countries
The author presents the results of a comparative analysis of the current legislation of some common law countries, which allowed us to establish general and individual features of the status of stakeholders in the legal family of case law on the basis of the recommended elements of the methodology of the comparative legal study of the features of the protection of the rights of stakeholders in the USA and India. The author has identified common elements of stakeholder statuses that reflect the commercial interests of stakeholders in these countries, as well as individual features of such statuses, which are determined by non-commercial goals, objectives of stakeholders and develop differently in individual jurisdictions. At the same time, attention is focused on three theses: the absence of non-commercial powers of public-public stakeholders in the US corporate legislation, which are included in various industry laws; about the small role of the country’s membership in the international organization (OECD) and the level of its socio-economic development for the formation of innovative national legislation that ensures a balance of the rights of stakeholders, which is confirmed by the norms of the Indian Companies Act 2013; on the expediency of separating the status of public-public stakeholders in Anglo-Saxon corporate law from the status of interested parties of a commercial-corporate nature, or establishing in the law and precedent of common law countries a complex content of the statuses of stakeholders who have both commercial and non-commercial content.
Keywords: common law countries, precedent, corporate law, stakeholder status, public interest, commercial interest.
Work bibliographic list
1. Osipenko K.O. Dogovor ob osushhestvlenii prav uchastnikov hozjajstvennyh obshhestv v rossijskom i anglijskom prave. M., Infotropik Media. 2016. –176 s.
2. Principy korporativnogo upravlenija OECD (2016), G20/OJeSR, OECD Publishing, Paris. – 79 s.
3. Svedenija NIU VShJe. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://globalcentre.hse.ru/members(data obrashhenija: 14.07.2021).
4. Svedenija sajta VS SShA. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.supremecourt.gov/search.aspx?Search=Stakeholder&type=Site (data obrashhenija: 14.07.2021).
5. Svedenija portala Nacional'nogo tribunala po korporativnomu pravu Indii, NCLT. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://web.archive.org/web/20180321063535/https://nclt.gov.in/content/organisation (data obrashhenija: 14.07.2021).
6. Trubina M.V. Grazhdansko-pravovoe regulirovanie akcionernyh soglashenij v Rossii i stranah kontinental'noj Evropy: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03 / Trubina Marina Vladislavovna. –M., 2016. - 29 s.
7. About the Division of Corporations. Delaware Division of Corporations. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://corp.delaware.gov/aboutagency.
8. Bainbridge, Stephen Mark, Corporate Purpose in a Populist Era. UCLA School of Law, Law-Econ Research Paper No. 18-09. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3237107 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3237107.
9. Business Roundtable Redefines the Purpose of a Corporation to Promote ‘An Economy That Serves All Americans’. AUG 19, 2019. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.businessroundtable.
org/business-roundtable-redefines-the-purpose-of-acorporation-to-promote-an-economy-that-serves-allamericans.
10. Carolina v. North Carolina, 138 U.S. (2008), 558 U.S. 256 (2010). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.supremecourt.gov/specmastrpt/orig138_112808.pdf.
11. Delaware General Corporation Law (DGCL, 2020 Revision). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://delcode.delaware.gov/title8/c001/.
12. Department of Commerce v. New York 18–966, 588 U.S. (2019). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/18pdf/18-966_bq7c.pdf.
13. Florida v. Georgia, 142 U.S. (2017). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.supremecourt.gov/specmastrpt/orig_142_report.pdf.
14. Freeman R. E. Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. Boston, 1984.- 276 r.
15. Ministry of Corporate Affairs Notification. New Delhi, the 31st March, 2014. G.S.R 249(E). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.indiacode.nic.in/show-data?actid=AC_CEN_22_29_00008_201318_1517807327856&sectionId=49129&sectionno=203&orderno=206.
16. Model Business Corporation Act (MVSA, 2016 Revision) (December 9, 2016). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/administrative/business_law/corplaws/2016_mbca.pdf.
17. Nandini Deo. A brief history of Indian CSR. Tracing the history of CSR in India, from Independence to the Companies Act (2013). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.gatewayhouse.in/a-briefhistory-of-indian-csr/.
18. The Companies (Corporate Social Responsibility Policy) Rules, 2014. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.indiacode.nic.in/show-data?actid=AC_CEN_22_29_00008_201318_1517807327856&sectionId=1326&sectionno=135&orderno=138.
19. The Companies Act, 2013. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://nclt.gov.in/sites/default/files/All-PDF/the_companies_act_2013.pdf.
 
CIVIL LAW
Bashilov B. I.
Release from attachment of funds as an interim measure in insolvency (bankruptcy) cases:
problematic aspects of law enforcement practice
An attachment of funds held in the debtor’s bank accounts is one of the most common interim measures in an insolvency (bankruptcy) case. However, like any other interim measure, an attachment of funds can be released by the request of a person participating in the case, or a person whose rights and interests are violated as a result of the application of interim measure. Despite the fact that judicial statistics on the satisfaction of applications for the release of interim measures indicate that a significant number of previously imposed attachments on funds are later released by the courts of appeal, such cancellation is possible only if it is properly proved necessary and justified. This article analyzes the law enforcement practice of arbitration courts on the issue of release from interim measures taken in the framework of the debtor’s bankruptcy case in the form of attachment of his funds held in a bank account.
Keywords: attachment of funds, release from attachment of funds, interim measure, insolvency (bankruptcy) cases, law enforcement practice.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sahorova Ju. V. Obespechitel'nyj mehanizm v processe nesostojatel'nosti (bankrotstva) // Vestnik VGU. Serija: Pravo. - 2017. - # 2. - S. 104.
2. Smola A. A. Aktual'nye problemy primenenija arbitrazhnymi sudami obespechitel'nyh mer // Vestnik Arbitrazhnogo suda Moskovskogo okruga. - 2019.- # 4. - S. 42-43.
3. Sudebnyj departament pri Verhovnom Sude Rossijskoj Federacii // Svodnye statisticheskie svedenija o dejatel'nosti federal'nyh arbitrazhnyh sudov za 1 polugodie 2020 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79&item=5459.
4. Chupahin I. M. Problemy aresta denezhnyh sredstv, nahodjashhihsja na bankovskom schete // Vestnik arbitrazhnoj praktiki. - 2019. - # 2. - S. 73.
 
CIVIL LAW
Gafiullin H. I., Gavrilyuk R. V., Nosanenko G. Yu.
“Affiliation”: concept and methodological significance
The article explores the concept and methodological meaning of the definition of “affiliation”. The article analyzes scientific works, domestic legal norms and judicial practice concerning the affiliation. The term “affiliation”, its origin and signs are characterized. Based on the results of the work, generalizing conclusions are given regarding the definition under consideration and prospects of a theoretical and normative nature in the field under consideration are outlined.
Keywords: affiliation, affiliation, relationship, dependence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Azizov R. F. Pravovoe regulirovanie v seti Internet:sravnitel'no- i istoriko-pravovoe issledovanie:Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. - SPb, 2016. - 331 s.
2. Anisimov A. V. Sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz form zavisimosti hozjajstvujushhih sub"ektov v RF i FRG:Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. - M., 2010. - 213 s.
3. Bakulina L. T. Obshhaja teorija dogovornogo pravovogo regulirovanija: Dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk. - Moskva, 2019. - 440 s.
4. Efimov A. V. Affilirovannost' juridicheskih lic i publichno-pravovyh obrazovanij // Rossijskoe pravosudie. - 2017. - # 7 (135). - S. 43-53.
5. Ioffe O. S. Izbrannye trudy po grazhdanskomu pravu: Iz istorii civilisticheskoj mysli. Grazhdanskoe pravootnoshenie. Kritika teorii «hozjajstvennogo prava». - M.: Statut, 2009. - 780 s.
6. Marks K. Tezisy o Fejerbahe // K. Marks, F. Jengel's. Sochinenija. - M.: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo politicheskoj literatury, 1955. - T. 3. - 630 s.
7. Stepin V. S. Tipy nauchnoj racional'nosti i sinergeticheskaja paradigma // Slozhnost'. Razum. Postneklassika. - 2013. - # 4. - S. 45-59.
8. Tihonov V. V. Kategorii zainteresovannosti i affilirovannosti v grazhdanskom prave Rossii: Avtoreferat dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk / Chechenskij gosudarstvennyj universitet. - Kursk, 2018. - 26 s.
9. Uemov A. I. Sistemnyj podhod i obshhaja teorija sistem. - M.: Mysl', 1978. - 272 s.
10. Shitkina I. S. Pravovoe regulirovanie jekonomicheskoj zavisimosti // Hozjajstvo i pravo. - 2010. - # 8(403). - S. 29-47.
11. Juridicheskie lica v rossijskom grazhdanskom prave:Monografija. V 3 t. Obshhie polozhenija o juridicheskih licah. T. 1. / Otv. red. Gabov A. V., Gutnikov O. V., Sinicyn S. A. - M. INFRA-M, 2015. - 384 s.
12. Bainbridge S. M. Abolishing Veil Piercing // The Journal of Corporation Law. – 2001. - V. 26. - # 3. - P. 470-535.
13. Witting C. A. Liability of Corporate Groups and Networks.- Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. - 746 p
 
CIVIL LAW
Gutieva I. G.
Concepts and legal grounds for stopping and detaining a vehicle
In connection with the growth in the number of cars, the number of violations committed by drivers has also increased. To prevent a number of violations, crimes and traffic accidents, the legislation provides for a number of procedures, which include stopping and detaining a vehicle. The scientific article highlights the theoretical issues and regulations governing the stopping and detention of vehicles, describes the powers and area of competence of entities authorized to stop and detain vehicles.
Keywords: stop, detention, vehicle, traffic safety, rules, crimes, offenses, non-compliance, police.
Work bibliographic list
1. Informacija MVD Rossii ot 16 ijunja 2021 g. «Gosavtoinspekcija raz"jasnjaet polozhenija proekta vedomstvennogo prikaza po nadzoru za sobljudeniem trebovanij v oblasti bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/400811983/ (data obrashhenija: 22.12.2021).
2. Kodzokova L. A., Kumysheva M. K. Shtraf kak vid nakazanija v administrativnom i ugolovnom prave //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - # 8 (159). - S.238.
3. Novyj Prikaz GIBDD o porjadke nadzora (vzamen Prikaza #664): sravnenie izmenenij i tekst.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://autotonkosti.ru/q/novyy-prikaz-gibdd-o-poryadkenadzora-vzamen-prikaza-no664-sravnenie (data obrashhenija: 22.12.2021).
4. Svedenija o pokazateljah sostojanija bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://stat.gibdd.ru/ (data obrashhenija:23.12.2021).
5. Pravila zaderzhanija transportnogo sredstva, pomeshhenija ego na stojanku, hranenija, a takzhe zapreshhenija jekspluatacii (utv. postanovleniem Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18 dekabrja 2003g. # 759). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://base.garant.ru/5753477/ (data obrashhenija:22.12.2021).
6. Prikaz MVD Rossii ot 23.08.2017 # 664 (red. Ot 21.12.2017) «Ob utverzhdenii Administrativnogo reglamenta ispolnenija Ministerstvom vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii gosudarstvennoj funkcii po osushhestvleniju federal'nogo gosudarstvennogo nadzora za sobljudeniem uchastnikami dorozhnogo dvizhenija trebovanij zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii v oblasti bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija» (Zaregistrirovano v Minjuste Rossii 06.10.2017 #48459). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_280037/(data obrashhenija: 25.12.2021).
7. Pokazateli sostojanija bezopasnosti dorozhnogo dvizhenija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://stat.gibdd.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 23.12.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Ivliev P. V., Kosheluk B. E.
Grounds for termination of facultative obligations
This article discusses the basics of the emergence of facultative obligations in civil law. The
alleged obligation entails the proper performance of obligations, based on this thesis, he considers as a guarantee of performance. Such conclusions of an optional obligation as practical implementation are analyzed, which is the possibility of the debtor fulfilling his accidental performance as an ordinary and optional obligation. The obligation under study is a rather complicated solution, but development arises in the form of a private privilege, which includes an action with the debtor when the main obligations are replaced by optional ones.
Keywords: optional obligation, civil law, proper fulfillment of obligations, agreement, creditor, debtor, the subject of the obligation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Klepikova O. G. Osobennosti pravovogo regulirovanija fakul'tativnogo ispolnenija objazatel'stva // Juridicheskaja gnoseologija. 2017. # 3-4. S.28-30.
2. Dzhumagulov D. D. Osnovnye polozhenija o fakul'tativnyh objazatel'stvah // Skif. Voprosy studencheskoj nauki. 2018. # 10 (26). S. 52-54.
3. Postanovlenie Plenuma VAS RF ot 14.03.2014 #16 «O svobode dogovora i ee predelah» – Dostup iz spravochno-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tant- Pljus» (data obrashhenija: 20.01.2022).
4. Informacionnoe pis'mo Prezidiuma VAS RF ot 21.12.2005 # 103 «Obzor praktiki primenenija arbitrazhnymi sudami stat'i 1414 Grazhdanskogo kodeksa RF» – Dostup iz spravochno-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija: 20.01.2022).
 
CIVIL LAW
Koval M. I., Veselova D. V.
Seizure of a land plot for state or municipal needs (civil law aspect)
The article analyzes individual problems in relation to the legal institution of the seizure of land plots for state and municipal needs both in the legal doctrine, the current legislation of the Russian Federation, and in law enforcement practice. Attention is drawn to the shortcomings that stabilize social relationships associated with the seizure of land plots for the needs of the state and municipalities. On the basis of the conducted research, it is proposed to introduce some amendments and additions to regulatory legal acts.
Keywords: seizure of land plots, state or municipal needs, public interests, private and public interest, subsoil use, lease, auctions, civil legislation, land legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Makarchuk N. V. Spornye voprosy pravovogo regulirovanija iz"jatija zemel'nogo uchastka dlja gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz praktika. - 2017. - # 8. - S. 11-15.
2. Dibirdeev A. V. Problemy opredelenija gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd pri iz"jatii zemel'nyh uchastkov // Gosudarstvennaja vlast' i mestnoe samoupravlenie. - 2019. - # 1. - S. 34-37.
3. Jakina A. V. Osnovanija iz"jatija zemel'nyh uchastkov dlja gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd //NovaUm.Ru. - 2020. - # 25. - S. 99-101.
4. Azorin M. Ju. Iz"jatie zemel'nyh uchastkov dlja gosudarstvennyh i municipal'nyh nuzhd pri realizacii proektov razvitija territorij // Global and Regional Research. - 2020. - T. 2. - # 1. - S. 55-60.
 
CIVIL LAW
Kosenko O. A., Safarov V. R., Abramova V. A.
Some features of the development and restrictions of human and civil labor rights during coronavirus infection (covid-19)
The article examines the development of remote work on the example of the pandemic in Russia, as well as some restrictions and changes in the labor relations between the employer and the employee during this period. The Russian legislation concerning the principles of restriction of the rights and freedoms of the population is considered. Examples of state support measures for employers and citizens during the Covid-19 period are given. An analysis was made based on statistical data on the transfer of employees to remote work, and the main methods of this transfer were considered and listed.
Keywords: pandemic, remote work, labor legislation, employee, employer, person, citizen, labor relations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aliev D. T. Pravo rabotnika na zashhitu svoego dostoinstva: problemy realizacii i perspektivy razvitija // Nauchnyj poisk. – 2015. – # 1. – S. 53.
2. Amaglobel' N. D. Trudovoe pravo: uchebnik dlja vuzov. –M.: UNITIDANA: Zakon i pravo, 2012. – S. 367.
3. Lushnikov A. M., Lushnikova M. V. Kurs trudovogo prava. T. 1. – M.: Prospekt. – 2003. – S. 65.
4. Plotnikov S. I. Ogranichenie prav i svobod grazhdan v period rasprostranenija novoj koronavirusnoj infekcii (covid-19): problemy teorii i praktiki // Voprosy studencheskoj nauki. – 2020. – # 6. – S. 46.
5. Skobelkin V. N. Trudovye pravootnoshenija. – M.:Verdikt-1M. – 2000. – S. 296.
6. Jeksperty vyjasnili, skol'ko rossijskih kompanij pereshli na udalenku. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ria.ru/20200818/1575920589.html(data obrashhenija: 19.12.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Kurbatova G. V., Ananyeva E. O.
Efficiency of legal incentives and legal restrictions in civil regulation
The article touches upon issues related to the factors of the effectiveness of legal incentives and legal restrictions, analyzes the causes and conditions for the emergence of problems at the present stage of regulation, considers the circumstances that contribute to the greatest realization of the value of law, actualizes obstacles in the form of corruption factors, examines the relationship of legal incentives and legal restrictions.
Keywords: legal incentives, legal restrictions, civil regulation, efficiency of law enforcement, motivation of behavior.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bjalt V. S., Triputin S. N. Juridicheskaja tehnika kak sredstvo povyshenija jeffektivnosti pravovogo regulirovanija obshhestvennyh otnoshenij // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. -2018. - # 1. - S. 36-41.
2. Borcov A. V., Kandakov A. Ju. «Juridicheskie prepjatstvija» v ponjatijno-kategorial'nom apparate pravovoj nauki // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Serija «Jekonomika i pravo». - 2017. - # 4. - S. 85-90.
3. Volkova N. S. Jeffektivnost' prava i modernizacija jekonomiki // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. - 2015. - #2. - S. 135-139.
4. Shtele E. A., Vecherkovskaja O. B. K voprosu o ponjatii «jeffektivnost'» // Jekonomicheskij analiz: teorija i praktika. - 2017. - # 5. - S. 933-936.
 
CIVIL LAW
Lysenko N. A., Buryak V. A.
Perspectives of “smart contracts” applying in Russian legislature
The article is devoted to the perspectives of “smart contracts” application. The notion of ‘smart contracts’ and its general approaches are examined. Several legal issues concerning practical application of ‘smart contracts’ are mentioned. The author suggests amendments to the current legislature necessary for using smart contract in practice.
Keywords: smart contract, transaction, blockchain, agreement, civil law, labour law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Proekt Federal'nogo zakona «O cifrovyh finansovyh aktivah» (redakcija, predlozhennaja k rassmotreniju v GD FS v pervom chtenii). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://sozd.duma.gov.ru/bill/419059-7.
2. Grin' O. S., Grin' E. S., Solov'ev A. V. Pravovaja konstrukcija smart-kontrakta: juridicheskaja priroda i sfera primenenija. // Lex Russica. - 2019. - # 8 (153).
3. Djad'kin D. S., Usol'cev Ju. M., Usol'ceva N. A.Smart-kontrakty v Rossii: perspektivy zakonodatel'nogo regulirovanija // Universum: jekonomika i jurisprudencija. - 2018. - # 5 (50).
4. Koncepcija cifrovogo rublja. – M.: CB RF, 2021.- S. 19. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.cbr.ru/content/document/file/120075/concept_08042021.pdf (data obrashhenija: 14.01.2022).
5. Smart-kontrakty: kak oni rabotajut i zachem nuzhny. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://pravo.ru/story/205151/ (data obrashhenija: 14.01.2022).
6. Nelly Alexeyevna Lysenko – Master in Law, senior teacher of the department of linguistics and foreign languages.
7. Buryak Viktoria Anatolyevna – Associate professor of the department of linguistics and foreign languages.
 
CIVIL LAW
Kolesnikova M. M., Maksimova E. V.,
Mishina E. V., Sachenko A. L.
Features of legislative regulation of turnoverability of objects created by artificial intelligence
The present study reveals certain aspects and features of the legal regulation of the turnover of objects created by artificial intelligence. In the course of the study, the conclusion is made that it is impossible to identify objects obtained by using artificial intelligence with the results of intellectual activity and the conclusion is substantiated on the use of an analogy of the transferability of objects obtained in the course of the activity of artificial intelligence and objects of civil rights.
Keywords: artificial intelligence, the result of intellectual activity, turnover, objects of civil rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vasil'eva E.N. Vlijanie vida intellektual'noj sobstvennosti na oborotosposobnost' iskljuchitel'nogo prava na nee // Trudy Instituta gosudarstva i prava Rossijskoj akademii nauk. – 2011. – # 4. – S.195-204.
2. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ (red. ot 21.12.2021) //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii.– 1994. – # 32. – St.3301.
3. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 10.10.2019 # 490 «O razvitii iskusstvennogo intellekta v Rossijskoj Federacii» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2019. – # 41. – St. 5700.
4. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 23.04.2019 # 10 «O primenenii chasti chetvertoj Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // Rossijskaja gazeta # 96 ot 06.05.2019.
5. Postanovlenija Pravitel'stva RF ot 28 oktjabrja 2020 # 1750 «Ob utverzhdenii perechnja tehnologij primenjaemyh v ramkah jeksperimental'nyh pravovyh rezhimov v sfere cifrovyh innovacij» // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. –2020. – # 44. – St. 7003.
6. Vinichenko Ju.V. Oborotosposobnost' i pravovoj rezhim ob"ektov grazhdanskih prav: sootnoshenie ponjatij // Izvestija IGJeA. – 2013. – # 6 (92). – S.116-120.
7. Rozhkova M.A. O nekotoryh voprosah oborota iskljuchitel'nyh prav i material'nyh nositelej ob"ektov intellektual'noj sobstvennosti // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2014. – S. 5-11.
8. Borisova L.V. O probleme zakonodatel'nogo regulirovanija oborotosposobnosti ob"ektov grazhdanskih prav v kontekste reformy grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2017. – # 1 (74). – S. 126-131.
 
CIVIL LAW
Matytsin D.E.
Prevention of conflicts between participants in investment relations in the information space: methodological tools
The article presents the author’s methodology of preventing conflicts of participants of investment relations in the information space.
The preventive and prophylactic measures are integrated into the single methodological complex - the smart complex. It is argued that the system of conflict prevention methods should be applied automatically as a special computer program. This approach can be implemented on the basis of the development of multisubject jurisdictional blockchain technology proposed earlier by VolSU professors.
Ten stages of remote investment transactions were singled out, and it was proposed to fix the facts on eight stages - from the third to the tenth. In the future, in case of any development of events, the facts recorded in the 6-node system of the polysubject jurisdictional blockchain will be recognized as not requiring proof. This, in turn, will ensure the minimization of the number of controversial points and, consequently, reduce the likelihood of conflicts of the parties to a minimum limit.
It is proved that neutralization of potential conflicts, prevention and avoidance of risks are positive characteristics of investment relations which fully coincide with material interests of their participants. It is proved that the preventive-preventive methodological complex when applied in investment relations provides: firstly, prevention of potential conflicts; secondly, management of objective and subjective risks of the parties; thirdly, achievement of material interests of the participants when they make remote-digital investment transactions in the information space.
Keywords: investor, investment intermediary, investment recipient, transactions, information space, conflicts, prevention, set of methods, interests.
Work bibliographic list
1. Agnessa O. Inshakova, Alexander I. Goncharov, Elena I. Inshakova, Irina A. Stepanova (2020). Prerequisites for the Development and Popularization of Alternative Methods of Resolving Economic Conflicts. In Inshakova, A.O., Bogoviz, A.V. (Ed.) Alternative Methods of Judging Economic Conflicts in the National Positive and Soft Law. A volume in the series Popkova, E.G. (Ed.) Advances in Research on Russian Business and Management, Charlotte, NC, USA, Information Age Publishing. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.infoagepub.com/products/Alternative-Methods-of-Judging-Economic-Conflicts-in-the-National-Positive-and-Soft-Law.
2. Agnessa O. Inshakova, Alexander I. Goncharov, Elena I. Inshakova, Yuliya A. Tumchuk (2020). Digital Technologies for Alternative Methods of Resolving Conflicts: The Prospects of Application in Russia and Other BRICS Countries. In Inshakova, A.O., Bogoviz, A.V. (Ed.) Alternative Methods of Judging Economic Conflicts in the National Positive and Soft Law. A volume in the series Popkova, E.G. (Ed.) Advances in Research on Russian Business and Management, Charlotte, NC, USA, Information Age Publishing. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Re-
zhim dostupa: https://www.infoagepub.com/products/Alternative-Methods-of-Judging-Economic-Conflictsin-the-National-Positive-and-Soft-Law.
3. Agnessa O. Inshakova, Alexander I. Goncharov, TatianaV. Deryugina, Irina A. Stepanova (2020). Mediation:Legislation and Law Enforcement Activities. In Inshakova, A.O., Bogoviz, A.V. (Ed.) Alternative Methods of Judging Economic Conflicts in the National Positive and Soft Law. A volume in the series Popkova, E.G. (Ed.) Advances in Research on Russian Business and
Management, Charlotte, NC, USA, Information Age Publishing. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.infoagepub.com/products/Alternative-Methods-of-Judging-Economic-Conflicts-in-the-National-Positive-and-Soft-Law.
4. Inshakova, A.O., Goncharov, A.I., Ershova, I.V. (2020) Digital blockchain registration of legally significant stages of complex good’s export-import supplies by business entities of the EAEU and BRICS jurisdictions//Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 2020, 110, pp.328–336.
5. Inshakova, A.O., Goncharov, A.I., Salikov, D.A. (2020) Electronic-Digital Smart Contracts: Modernization of Legal Tools for Foreign Economic Activity // Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 2020, 91, pp. 3-13.
6. Kalinina, A.E., Inshakova, A.O., Goncharov, A.I. (2019) Polysubject jurisdictional blockchain: Electronic registration of facts to reduce economic conflicts // Studies in Computational Intelligence, 2019, 826, pp. 205-213.
7. Rusakova E.P., Frolova E.E., Gorbacheva A.I. Digital rights as a new object of civil rights: issues of substantive and procedural law // Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. 2020. Vol. 1100. p. 665-673.
8. Andreev V.K., Laptev V.A. Korporativnoe pravo sovremennoj Rossii: Monografija. 2-e izdanie, pererabotannoe i dopolnennoe. M.: Prospekt, 2017.
 
CIVIL LAW
Makhiboroda M. N.
Some issues of the specifics of civil liability in the obligations for transportation by sea
In the article, the author analyzes the regulatory framework of domestic legislation regulating the organization, conclusion of relevant contracts and types of civil liability of the parties in the execution of these agreements on maritime transport. A study is conducted and a brief description of the legislation that is applied in this area is given, taking into account international normative legal acts and domestic codifications. The problems of legal regulation in this area are identified and ways to solve them are proposed.
Keywords: sea transport, civil liability, transportation, transport legislation
Work bibliographic list
1. Ivanov G.G. Pravovoe regulirovanie morskogo sudohodstva v Rossijskoj Federacii. 2-e izd., pererab.i dop. M., 2009 // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus», 2022.
2. Kosovskaja V.A. Morskaja perevozka gruza kak chastno-pravovoj institut: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. SPb.,2006; i drugie.
3. Lipavskij V.B. Dogovor morskoj perevozki gruza s usloviem predostavlenija vsego sudna, chasti ego ili opredelennyh sudovyh pomeshhenij (charter) //Transportnoe pravo. 2004. # 4. S. 19-24; Juridicheskij spravochnik torgovogo moreplavanija / Pod red. A.S. Kokina. M., 1998. S. 184.
4. Sergeeva M.A. Grazhdansko-pravovaja otvetstvennost' perevozchika po dogovoru morskoj perevozki passazhirov: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2007. S. 72-81.
5. Vorob'ev A.A. Otvetstvennost' sudovladel'ca, voznikajushhaja iz mezhdunarodnoj perevozki gruzov morem: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2005. S. 14-15.
6. Demchenko M.V. Grazhdansko-pravovaja otvetstvennost' perevozchika pri perevozke gruzov v prjamom smeshannom soobshhenii: Monografija. M., 2011. S. 20.
7. Informacionnoe pis'mo Prezidiuma VAS RF ot 13.08.2004 g. # 81 «Obzor praktiki primenenija arbitrazhnymi sudami Kodeksa torgovogo moreplavanija Rossijskoj Federacii» // Vestnik VAS RF. 2004. # 10.
8. Strigunova D.P. Otvetstvennost' perevozchika za narushenie objazatel'stv, svjazannyh s perevozkoj gruza // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2013. # 5. S. 68.
9. Kovalenko V.N. Chastnopravovye osnovy kommercheskogo regulirovanija v sovremennom rossijskom zakonodatel'stve: dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk. Volgograd, 2012. S. 300.
10. Grigor'janc K.A. Dogovor locmanskoj provodki v sisteme grazhdanskih dogovorov: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2016. S. 132.
11. Altunin V.V. Otvetstvennost' morskogo perevozchika za nevypolnenie objazatel'stv po perevozke gruzov v mezhdunarodnom soobshhenii: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. Saratov, 2005. S. 132.
12. Egorov A.E. Objazatel'stvo po podache transportnyh sredstv i pred"javleniju gruzov k perevozke i dogovor zheleznodorozhnoj perevozki gruzov: dis. ...kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2007. S. 9-10.
13. Logofet D.D. Dogovor transportirovki nefti po magistral'nym nefteprovodam: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2005. S. 9.
14. Gavrilov V.N. Ogranichenie razmera otvetstvennosti morskogo perevozchika za nesohrannost' gruza:dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 1976.
15. Vitrjanskij V.V. Dogovor perevozki. M., 2001. S. 166-171.
16. Postanovlenie FAS Dal'nevostochnogo okruga ot 27.05.2008 g. # F03-A51/07-1/3726 po delu # A51-4706/02-11-101 // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus», 2022.
17. Prikaz Mintransa Rossii ot 17.06.2015 g. # 190 (v red. ot 22.06.2020 g.) «Ob utverzhdenii Pravil morskoj perevozki passazhirov» // Bjulleten' normativnyh aktov federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti. 2015. # 45.
18. Konvencija dlja ob"edinenija nekotoryh pravil otnositel'no stolknovenija sudov (Zakljuchena v g.Brjussele 23.09.1910 g.) // Sobranie zakonov i rasporjazhenij Raboche-Krest'janskogo Pravitel'stva SSSR. Otdel vtoroj. 1926. # 31. St. 188.
19. Mezhdunarodnaja konvencija o sozdanii Mezhdunarodnogo Fonda dlja kompensacii ushherba ot zagrjaznenija neft'ju 1992 goda (Dopolnenie k Mezhdunarodnoj Konvencii o grazhdanskoj otvetstvennosti za ushherb ot zagrjaznenija neft'ju 1992 g.) // SPS«Konsul'tantPljus», 2022.
20. Maljukov K.A. Osnovnye napravlenija razvitija pravil o dogovore morskoj perevozki gruza: dis. ...kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2017. S. 8.
21. Kaminskaja E.I. Otvetstvennost' morskogo perevozchika za deviaciju i narushenie srokov dostavki gruza: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 1991. S. 10.
22. Grechuha V.N. Transportnoe pravo Rossii: uchebnik dlja akademicheskogo bakalavriata. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M., 2018. S. 322-323.
 
CIVIL LAW
Ogorodnik V. F.
Compulsory purchase of a minor share in the right of common shared ownership: issues of law enforcement practice
The article defines the issues arising in domestic law enforcement practice when considering disputes about the forced redemption of a minor share in the right of common shared ownership of an object of immovable property. The author presents the main factors influencing the recognition of the share as insignificant within the framework of Article 252 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. The paper assesses the abuse of rights by the owner of an insignificant share. Based on the decisions of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the decisions of the lower courts of the first instance, it was concluded that the redemption of an insignificant share in the right of common shared ownership is possible on the basis of the requirements of any owner.
Keywords: shared ownership, owner, residential premises, share, insignificance, forced redemption.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abljatipova N. A., Kravcova A. A. Neznachitel'nost' doli v prave obshhej sobstvennosti kak osnovanie prekrashhenija prava sobstvennosti //Krymskij nauchnyj vestnik. - 2018. - # 1. - S. 45-51.
2. Dernickaja A. Je. Problema zloupotreblenija pravom sobstvennikami «mikrodolej» v prave na zhilye pomeshhenija // Nauchnyj zhurnal «E-Scio». -2020. - # 9. - S. 42-46.
3. Firsova N. V., Jusupov D. R. K voprosu o prinuditel'nom vykupe neznachitel'noj doli v prave obshhej dolevoj sobstvennosti // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk.- 2021. - # 12-3. - S. 155-157.
 
CIVIL LAW
Rykhletskiy P. L.
Actual problems and novelties of the Institute of representation in domestic civil law
The article highlights the actual problems of the institution of representation in the current civil law, the solution of which at the legislative level would have a positive impact on the law enforcement officer. In the work, special attention is paid to the features inherent in the institution of representation in domestic civil law. The author examines the amendments to the provisions on power of attorney made to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. In particular, the legal characteristics of the prerequisites for changing the mechanism of revocation of a power of attorney made in simple written form are given.
Keywords: representative, power of attorney, represented person, notary, registry, transaction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Beleckaja V. A., Dyrkacheva O. E. Sovremennye tendencii razvitija instituta predstavitel'stva // Nauchnyj zhurnal «Jepomen». - 2021. - # 56.- S. 96-101.
2. Kommentarij k Grazhdanskomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (uchebno-prakticheskij) k chasti pervoj, 5-e izdanie // pod redakciej d.ju.n., professora S. A. Stepanova. - Moskva: Prospekt. Institut chastnogo prava. - 2021.
3. Maslikova K. A. Ponjatie i vidy predstavitel'stva // Molodoj uchenyj. - 2020. - # 38
(328). - S. 115-116.
 
CIVIL LAW
Spector A. A.
Bona fide acquirer: concept, legal status, problems of implementation
The author, touching upon such an aspect of civil law regulation as bona fide acquisition of property, gives an assessment of the concept of “bona fide purchaser” and determines the main features of its identification. As an example of a proper assessment of such a state, the author cites research by scientists on this issue, and also refers to the position of the highest judicial instances of Russia. Taking into account the analysis carried out, the author comes to the conclusion that at the moment this concept is not sufficiently fixed in the legislation, and therefore the legal practice in the matter of protecting the legitimate interests of a bona fide purchaser will be in a state of development for a long time. On the other hand, the consistent development of this institution allows us to get closer to understanding its essence and build the process of legal regulation as efficiently as possible.
Keywords: property law, legislation, acquisitive prescription, conscientiousness.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kikeeva D. A. Pravovye aspekty zashhity prav dobrosovestnogo priobretatelja nedvizhimogo imushhestva. V sbornike: Vserossijskaja konferencija molodyh issledovatelej s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem «Social'no-gumanitarnye problemy obrazovanija i professional'noj samorealizacii» (Social'nyj inzhener-2020). sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj konferencii molodyh issledovatelej s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. - Moskva, 2020. - S. 215-220.
2. Pushkina A. V. Tendencii sudebnoj praktiki po osparivaniju prav dobrosovestnyh priobretatelej nedvizhimogo imushhestva // Vestnik arbitrazhnoj praktiki. - 2021. - # 4 (95). - S. 3-10.
3. Novoselova L. A. Zashhita dobrosovestnogo priobretatelja ot pretenzij «konkurirujushhih» priobretatelej // Hozjajstvo i pravo. - 2020. - # 8 (523). - S. 3-9.
4. Jakovleva S. P. Zashhita interesov dobrosovestnogo priobretatelja zhilogo pomeshhenija v Rossii (vlijanie pravovyh pozicij Evropejskogo suda po pravam cheloveka) // Missija sovremennogo gosudarstva i prava v jepohu social'nyh peremen: materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Jelektronnyj resurs, Irkutsk, 26 oktjabrja 2018 goda. - Irkutsk: Irkutskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2019. - S. 240-243.
 
CIVIL LAW
Permyakov M. V., Racheva N. V., Kilin A. G.
Legal methods of resolving family disputes
Consideration of issues of protection of family rights in Russia is conditioned by a special social aspect. Today, this problem is acutely traced in the legislative aspect, in particular from the point of view of the tendency to level family values, on the basis of which a modern model of private law protection of family rights and legally protected interests should be built. We should also not forget that not all relationships that arise in the family circle are amenable to clear legal regulation. In such cases, the value, moral and legal regulators of family relations come to the fore, which are of no small importance for the use of special methods and methods of private legal protection of family rights. Thus, the task of legal regulation of relations between modern civil and family legislation comes to the fore and it consists in creating a working, effective socially oriented basis for the maintenance and development of the family, which, in turn, will include effective methods of protecting the rights and legitimate interests of its members, conditions for their exercise of independent powers in personal non-property and property relations, with the use of a law enforcement mechanism to ensure family legal protection.
Keywords: family, marriage, morality, custom, spouse, relative, custody, family dispute, alimony, court, parent, joint property, obligation, recovery, prenuptial agreement, divorce, conflict.
Work bibliographic list
1. Semejnyj kodeks: Semejnyj kodeks RF ot 29.12.1995# 223-FZ (red. ot 02.07.2021) // Zakony, kodeksy i normativno-pravovye akty RF. – 2021. – Glava 1 stat'ja
2. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://legalacts.ru/kodeks/SK-RF/razdel-i/glava-1/statja-2/.
2. Pchelinceva L. M. Semejnoe pravo Rossii: uchebnik. – 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Norma, 2004.– 688 s. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://romanpirogov1.narod.ru/olderfiles/1/Semeinoe_pravo_Pchelincceva_L.M_Uc-8515.pdf.
3. Tolstikova O. M. Semejnye spory i sposoby ih razreshenija // Sibirskij juridicheskij vestnik:voprosy grazhdanskogo prava i processa. – 2012. – #1 (56). – S. 67-72. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/cemeynyespory-i-sposoby-ih-razresheniya/viewer.
4. Semejnyj kodeks: Semejnyj kodeks RF ot 29.12.1995 #223-FZ (red. ot 02.07.2021) // Konsul'tantPljus. – 2021.– Stat'ja 8. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_8982/31a45e33698f5c0d150a8ca227997e2fcd8a217a/.
5. Semejnoe pravo: uchebnik i praktikum dlja vuzov /L. M. Pchelinceva [i dr.]; pod redakciej L. M. Pchelincevoj; pod obshhej redakciej L. V. Citovich.– Moskva: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2019. – 330 s. // Obrazovatel'naja platforma Jurajt. – S. 107 – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://urait.ru/bcode/431747/p.107 (data obrashhenija: 28.11.2021).
6. Semejnyj kodeks: Semejnyj kodeks RF ot 29.12.1995 # 223-FZ (red. ot 02.07.2021) // Konsul'tantPljus. –2021. – Stat'ja 20. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_8982/974960f401f0e5ec69cbd89c18917ea327ff356d/.
7. Grazhdanskij kodeks: «Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja)» ot 30.11.1994 N51-FZ (red. ot 28.06.2021, s izm. ot 26.10.2021) // Konsul'tantPljus. – 2021. – Stat'ja 256. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_5142/ec0c88d23cfe0b75563d574872c1457827b3607f/.
8. Semejnyj kodeks: Semejnyj kodeks RF ot 29.12.1995 # 223-FZ (red. ot 02.07.2021) // Konsul'tantPljus. –2021. – Stat'ja 71. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_8982/af6f52258da40f83b95faf39cb7505068b7635e0/.
9. Verhovnyj sud Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vsrf.ru/press_center/mass_media/29651/.
10. Semejnyj kodeks: Semejnyj kodeks RF ot 29.12.1995 # 223-FZ (red. ot 02.07.2021) // Konsul'tantPljus. –2021. – Stat'ja 66. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_8982/568c0dfec86adb4ffaaa013f338d52b75e73a93a/.
11. Semejnyj kodeks: Semejnyj kodeks RF ot 29.12.1995 # 223-FZ (red. ot 02.07.2021) // Konsul'tantPljus. –2021. – Stat'ja 68. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_8982/e12d67ea7bf2bfa2d2320fb0099ec6d62a200f7f/.
12. Permjakov M. V., Gaskarov I. F., Hodasevich O. N. Problemy realizacii lichnyh prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina // Nauchnyj zhurnal «Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal». – 2021. – # 10. – S. 129-130.
 
CIVIL LAW
Porfirjev A. A.
The system of energy supply contracts
The article analyzes the current theses of scientific and applied research on the system properties of various contracts in the field of energy supply. As a result, the concept of a system of energy supply contracts is formulated as a set of interrelated types of contracts, the content of which is formed by norms (elements) of various nature regulating a set of actions for generation, transmission, management, purchase and sale, use of energy based on various legal sources, mainly imperative content. The system of energy supply contracts includes related and other contracts with signs of purchase and sale of energy resources, technological connection, transmission and management of energy resources, integration (interaction) which are characterized by essential, differentiating and common contractual features.
Keywords: energy supply contract, contract system, restoration of energy sources, technological connection, energy-saving technologies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon ot 03.11.2015 # 307-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s ukrepleniem platezhnoj discipliny potrebitelej jenergeticheskih resursov» // SZ RF. – 2015. – # 45. – St. 6208.
2. Zhanje A. D. Jelektrojenergija kak osobogo roda veshh' //Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2004. – # 5. – S. 93-94.
3. Zhelaev M. A. K voprosu o pravovoj prirode jenergii: osnovnye koncepcii // Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i sociologii. – # 3. – 2018. – S. 80-82.
4. Zajchenko N. M. Predmet dogovora jenergosnabzhenija: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Moskva, 2007. – 32 s.
5. Ksiropulos S. G. Pravovoe regulirovanie jenergosnabzhenija s ispol'zovaniem vozobnovljaemyh istochnikov jenergii: grazhdansko-pravovoj aspekt:avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Krasnodar, 2013.– 24 s.
6. Luk'janceva I. A. Dogovor jenergosnabzhenija: teorija, zakonodatel'stvo i pravoprimenitel'naja praktika: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03.– Krasnodar, 2009. – 27 s.
7. Ogirenko E. B. Dogovor snabzhenija jelektricheskoj jenergiej v predprinimatel'skoj sfere Rossijskoj Federacii: ucheb. posobie: [dlja vuzov] / Feder. agentstvo po obrazovaniju, Samar. gos. un-t, Jurid.fak., Kaf. grazhd. process. i predprinimat. prava.
– Samara: Univers-grupp, 2006. – 108 s.
8. Osipchuk E. L. Dogovor jenergosnabzhenija v svete novogo zakonodatel'stva ob jelektrojenergetike //Jenergeticheskoe pravo. – 2004. – # 1. – S. 43-44.
9. Osipchuk E. L. Dogovor jenergosnabzhenija v sisteme dogovornyh otnoshenij na rynke jelektricheskoj jenergii Rossii: avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. –Moskva, 2004. – 39 s.
10. Sabirova T. R. Dogovor jenergosnabzhenija v sisteme grazhdansko-pravovyh dogovorov: avtoref. dis. ...kand. jurid. nauk. – Kazan', 2013. – 25 s.
11. Savat'e R. Teorija objazatel'stv. Juridicheskij i jekonomicheskij ocherk / Per. s fr. i vstup. st. R. O. Halfinoj. – M.: Progress, 1972. – 440 s.
12. Svirkov S. A. Grazhdansko-pravovoe regulirovanie dostupa k jelektroseti // Jelektrojenergija. Peredacha i raspredelenie. – 2013. – # 1 (16). – S. 30-33.
13. Bol'shaja rossijskaja jenciklopedija. «Jenergija».– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://bigenc.ru/physics/text/4935817 (data obrashhenija:07.12.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Selyunin P. S., Tereshchenko I. A.
Release from debts in the procedure of insolvency (bankruptcy) of a citizen: new challenges
The article considers the institute of bankruptcy of citizens, its basic features and tendencies of development. It is grounded that in the conditions of growing economic crisis the given institute of the Russian bankruptcy law will develop because of its actual simplicity in realization, relative cheapness and typical character of the judicial practice connected with release or not release of citizens from debts in procedure of bankruptcy. The article suggests the idea that in this area it is possible to apply artificial intelligence for the analysis of the grounds of release from obligations of the citizen.
Keywords: bankruptcy, personal bankruptcy, out-of-court bankruptcy, citizen, debtor, economic crisis, artificial intelligence, predictive judicial analytics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Karelina S.A., Frolov I.V. Koncepcija modelej pravovogo regulirovanija instituta bankrotstva grazhdanina v Rossijskoj Federacii // Predprinimatel'skoe pravo. Prilozhenie «Pravo i biznes». 2016. # 3.
2. Koshkina Ju. (2021) «Chislo rossijan s mikrozajma-mi za polgoda vyroslo pochti na chetvert'» // Sajt rbc.ru. 27 ijulja. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.rbc.ru/finances/25/08/2021/6124f13c9a7947d271f4ad6b. (data obrashhenija: 27.02.2022).
3. Smirnyh A.G., Amelin A.V. Uproshhennoe bankrotstvo grazhdan. Pochemu nuzhno zaimstvovat' opyt Novoj Zelandii // Arbitrazhnaja praktika dlja juristov. 2018. # 7 (35). S. 54-61.
4. Platforma Bankrotplace. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: http://bankrotplace.ru.
 
CIVIL LAW
Semenov A. V., Simonova O. V., Amiri A. E.
Legal regulation of the definition of artificial intelligence as an object or subject of civil law
In this paper, the problem of defining artificial intelligence as an object or subject of civil law was investigated. The question of the relevance of such a problem in modern society was considered, as well as the bodies that are directly related to the legal regulation of artificial intelligence. The issue of the relationship between artificial intelligence and intellectual property was studied. The legal positions of the definition of intellectual property to the subject of law are analyzed. The regulatory legal acts aimed at effective regulation, as well as the development of artificial intelligence in the Russian Federation, were studied.
Keywords: artificial intelligence, intellectual property, subject of law, object of law, current legislation of the Russian Federation, digitalization.
Work bibliographic list
1. Shahnazarova Je. A. Pravovoe regulirovanie otnoshenij, voznikajushhih po povodu ob"ektov intellektual'noj sobstvennosti, sozdannyh tehnologiej iskusstvennogo intellekta, na primere opyta Velikobritanii, SShA i ES // Zhurnal Suda po intellektual'nym pravam. – 2021. – # 2 (32). – S. 34-45.
2. Vasil'ev A. A., Pechatnova Ju. V. Problemy pravovogo regulirovanija kibersporta v Rossii i za rubezhom // Aktual'nye problemy sportivnogo prava:rossijskij i zarubezhnyj opyt: Sbornik materialov Vserossijskogo kruglogo stola (s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem), Barnaul, 04 ijunja 2021 goda. – Barnaul: Altajskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2021.– S. 23-31.
3. Korotaev E. Je., Stepanjan Zh. Pravovaja identifikacija iskusstvennogo intellekta kak ob"ekta grazhdanskogo prava // Aktual'nye issledovanija. – 2020.– # 11 (14). – S. 112-114.
4. Tiunova A. I. Robot kak sub"ekt pravootnoshenija -mif ili real'nost'? // Zhurnal Suda po intellektual'nym pravam. – 2020. – # 2 (28). – S. 57-59.
 
CIVIL LAW
Stupina S. A.
Participation of investigators of the state fire supervision bodies of the Federal Fire Service in the protection of civil rights
Based on the provisions of the current criminal procedural, civil procedural and civil legislation, the article examines the issues of protecting the rights of victims from criminal encroachments related to careless handling of fire, as well as from crimes in the field of violation of fire safety requirements. First of all, the lawsuit is analyzed as the main way to ensure the civil rights of the victim of a crime. Some issues of the activities of the investigators of the state fire supervision bodies of the federal fire service in terms of protecting the private rights of victims of crimes attributed to their jurisdiction are considered.
Keywords: inquiry, civil liability, harm, civil action, criminal proceedings, fire, victim of a crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grigonis V. P. Pravoohranitel'naja dejatel'nost' Gosudarstvennoj protivopozharnoj sluzhby // Mir juridicheskoj nauki. – 2015. – # 3. – S. 79-84.
2. Minaeva A. V., Tkachev P. A. Vozmeshhenie vreda, prichinennogo vsledstvie narushenija trebovanij pozharnoj bezopasnosti (sostav ushherba i porjadok vozmeshhenija) // Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo v sfere bor'by s pozharami i drugimi stihijnymi bedstvijami: istorija i sovremennost': Materialy Vserossijskogo kruglogo stola, Sankt-Peterburg, 31 oktjabrja 2017 goda. –Sankt-Peterburg, 2020. – S. 186-190.
3. Stupina S. A. Isk kak osnovnoj sposob obespechenija grazhdanskih prav poterpevshego ot prestuplenija:nekotorye aspekty sovremennoj pravoprimenitel'noj praktiki / S. A. Stupina, M. V. Glubokaja //Juridicheskaja nauka. – 2017. – # 4. – S. 174-180.
 
CIVIL LAW
Shildina M. V.
Models of settlement legal relations using the digital ruble in online and offline modes
The article analyzes possible models of settlement legal relations using the digital ruble. The legal nature of payments using digital rubles made on the digital ruble platform in online and offline modes is considered. The author analyzes the moment of fulfillment of obligations when calculating the digital currency of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation - the digital ruble, concludes about the appearance of a payment service carried out in the form of digital payments, the difference between the mechanism for making payments in digital rubles online and offline, as well as the emergence of a new object of settlement legal relationship.
Keywords: digitalization, central bank digital currency, blockchain, cryptocurrency, digital ruble, crypto assets, CBDC.
Work bibliographic list
1. Medvedeva T.M., Novoselova L.A., Novoselov M.A. Pravovye riski vvedenija cifrovogo rublja // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. 2021. # 41.
 
CIVIL LAW
Belousova E. V.
Protection of the rights of construction contractors under a state contract
The article describes the ways to protect the rights of construction contractors when concluding a state (municipal) contract within the framework of Federal Law No. 44-FZ of April 5, 2013 “On the contract system in the field of procurement of goods, works, services for state and municipal needs”. The author substantiates the need to reform the current legislation in the field of procurement in terms of protecting the rights of contractors, offers recommendations on changing the current legal norms in this area.
Keywords: state contract, protection of rights, construction, construction law, procurement.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bulej N. V. Otechestvennyj i zarubezhnyj opyt razvitija kontraktnoj sistemy v stroitel'stve // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. – # 1 (ch. 3). – 2014.– S. 892-895.
2. Vlasova A. S., Udalova N. M., Kochkurova K. S. Stanovlenie «lichnosti» kommercheskoj korporativnoj organizacii: teoreticheskie i prakticheskie aspekty // Pravo i jekonomika. – 2015. – #9. – S. 43-52.
3. Grigorjan T. R. Dogovornye otnoshenija gosudarstvennogo zakazchika v kontraktnoj sisteme v sfere zakupok: dissertacija… kandidata juridicheskih nauk: 12.00.03. – Moskva, 2020. – S. 35-36.
4. Kalachev Ja. V. Pravovaja priroda reestra nedobrosovestnyh postavshhikov // Vlast' Zakona. – 2016. – #2. – S. 232-237.
5. Kulichev R. B. Pravovoe regulirovanie podrjadnyh rabot dlja gosudarstvennyh nuzhd (na primere goroda Moskvy): Avtoref. dis. … na soisk. uchen. step.kandidata jurid. nauk. - Moskva, 2014. - S. 8.
6. Linders M., Dzhonson F., Flinn A., Firon G. Upravlenie zakupkami i postavkami: uchebnik dlja studentov vuzov, obuchajushhihsja po special'nostjam jekonomiki i upravlenija (080100), «Kommercija» (080300),«Logistika» (080506)/; per. s angl. pod red. Ju. A.Shherbanina. – 13-e izd. - M.: JuNITI-DANA-2017. -S. 547-548.
7. Mustafin R. F. Tipovye dogovory v ramkah zakonodatel'stva o zakupkah raznyh stran // Pravo i gosudarstvo: teorija i praktika. – # 1 (157). – 2018. – S.76-79.
8. Nikulina V. Vkljuchenie kontragenta v reestr nedobrosovestnyh postavshhikov kak vid administrativnoj otvetstvennosti // Administrativnoe pravo. -2017. - # 3. - S. 31-36.
9. Predprinimatel'skoe pravo Rossii: itogi, tendencii i puti razvitija / E. G. Afanas'eva, A. V. Belickaja, V. A. Vajpan i dr.; otv. red. E. P. Gubin. - M.:Justicinform, 2019. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
10. Tihomirov P. A. Reestr nedobrosovestnyh postavshhikov: trebuetsja sovershenstvovanie // «Rossijskoe konkurentnoe pravo i jekonomika». – 2020. – # 4.Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tant-Pljus».
11. Tishhenko V. A. Pravovaja priroda reestra nedobrosovestnyh postavshhikov (podrjadchikov, ispolnitelej) // Baikal Research Journal. - 2018. - T. 9. # 4.
12. Chvanenko D. A. Vkljuchenie v reestr nedobrosovestnyh postavshhikov kak vid publichno-pravovoj otvetstvennosti // Zhurnal predprinimatel'skogo i korporativnogo prava. - 2019. - # 1. - S. 28-32. – Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
 
CIVIL LAW
Farafontova D. S.
Features of intersectoral regulation of alimony obligations
The analysis of the institute of alimony obligations, its problems and ways of improvement at the state and social level is carried out. The study of the problems of participants in family relations and payments of alimony obligations in our time. The problem of the maintenance of minor children is considered, indicating gaps and unresolved issues in the legislative regulation of the institution of alimony obligations.
Keywords: alimony obligations, alimony recovery, Russian family legislation, disabled, minor children.
Work bibliographic list
1. Arysheva I. N. O neobhodimosti ustanovlenija minimal'nogo razmera alimentov v Rossijskoj Federacii // Problemy stanovlenija grazhdanskogo obshhestva: sbornik statej IX Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj studencheskoj konferencii. – Irkutsk, 2021. – # 2.– S. 122-128.
2. Besperstova A. A. Vozniknovenie alimentnyh objazatel'stv v Rossii // Derzhavinskij forum. – 2020.– T. 4. – # 13. – S. 17-23.
3. Kapitova O. V. Pravovaja priroda mehanizma alimentirovanija v semejnom prave Rossijskoj Federacii. – M., 2010. – S. 1-133.
4. Martynova M. A. Ponjatie i struktura alimentnyh pravootnoshenij // Vestnik ispolnitel'nogo proizvodstva. – 2017. – # 2. – S. 8-18.
5. Solov'eva N. V. Pravovoe regulirovanie alimentnyh objazatel'stv v RF // Ispolnitel'noe pravo. –2010. – # 2. – S. 11-13.
6. Shershen' T. V. Princip ravenstva prav suprugov:genezis i nekotorye problemy ego realizacii v sovremennom semejnom prave Rossii // Rossijskaja justicija. – 2010. – # 7. – S. 28-31.
 
CIVIL LAW
Shevchuk S. S., Petrov N. V.
Institute of substitution in inheritance law: history and modernity
In the article, which is devoted to the actual problems of substitution (sub-assignment of heirs) as an institution of inheritance law, the essence and role of testamentary sub-designation in Russian legislation are considered and attention is drawn to the peculiarities of its legal regulation. The history of the formation and development of this institution and its features in various historical conditions and legal order are traced. The analysis of the norms of the institution of substitution in modern domestic inheritance law is carried out, its significance for the fullest realization of the principle of freedom of will is substantiated.
Keywords: will, testator, content of the will, types of testamentary dispositions, substitution (sub-assignment of the heir), grounds for calling to inheritance of sub-appointed heirs, rights and obligations of sub-appointed heirs.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grazhdanskoe zakonodatel'stvo Izrailja. – SPb:Izdatel'stvo «Juridicheskij centr Press», 2003.– S. 465-466.
2. Kirillovyh A. A. K voprosu o zaveshhatel'noj substitucii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.juristlib.ru/book_7397.html (data obrashhenija: 12.02.2022).
3. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 #7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 # 11-FKZ, ot 14.03.2020 # 1-FKZ). [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: www.pravo.gov.ru.
4. Nasledstvennoe pravo: postatejnyj kommentarij(Jelektronnoe izdanie. Redakcija 1.0) Otv. redaktor- E. Ju. Petrov. – M.: M-Logos, 2018.
5. Novickij I. B. Rimskoe pravo. – M.: Teis, 2002. – S. 288.
6. Osnovnye instituty grazhdanskogo prava zarubezhnyh stran. Sravnitel'no-pravovoe issledovanie. Pod red.V. V. Zalesskogo. – M.: NORMA, 1999. – S. 536.
7. Pokrovskij I. A. Osnovnye problemy grazhdanskogo prava. – M.: Statut, 1998. – S. 300.
8. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhov. Suda RF ot 23 ijunja 2015 g. N 25 «O primenenii sudami nekotoryh polozhenij razdela I chasti pervoj Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii» // Bjulleten'. Verhovnogo Suda RF. – 2015. – # 8.
9. Rimskoe chastnoe pravo: Uchebnik /Pod red. I. B. Novickogo i I. S. Pereterskogo. – M.: Jurisprudencija, 2002. – S. 187.
10. Savina T. V. Sovershenie prestuplenija v otnoshenii nasledodatelja kak osnovanie dlja otstranenija ot nasledovanija // Nasledstvennoe pravo. – 2018. –# 1. – S. 18.
11. Sergeev A. P., Tolstoj Ju. K., Eliseev I. V. Kommentarij k GK RF. Chast' tret'ja. – M., 2002. – S. 21.
12. Serebrovskij V. I. Izbrannye trudy po nasledstvennomu i strahovomu pravu. – M.: Statut, 1997. –S. 130-131.
13. Chezare S. Kurs rimskogo chastnogo prava: Uchebnik /Pod red. D. V. Dozhdeva. — M.: BEK, 2002. — S. 278.
14. Shershenevich G. F. Uchebnik russkogo grazhdanskogo prava. – M.: SPARK, 1995. – S. 488.
 
CIVIL LAW
Berman A. M.
Unification of the legal regulation of digital technology use in the European Union: a boon or a necessity?
The European Union is pursuing an active and systematic policy to unify the legal regulation of various spheres of society. Due to the growing influence and importance of digital technology, digitalization has also come to the attention of the European Union. Unification of the legal regulation of this area has already resulted in the General Data Protection Regulation, the White Paper, drafts of the Law on Digital Services and the Law on Digital Markets. And this is just the beginning, because a large number of European Union institutions are involved in this work, which certainly contributes to speeding up the processes. This raises the question of why it is so important for the European Union to unify the legal regulation in this area. In this article, the author will outline a number of possible reasons of adapting a regulatory framework, as well as identify trends and directions of development of unification of legal regulation of digital technology use in the European Union.
Keywords: digital technologies, digitalization, legal regulation, unification, European Union, White paper, Digital Services Act, Digital Markets Act, General Data Protection Regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Erpyleva N. Ju. Mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo:uchebnik dlja vuzov; Nac. issled. un-t «Vysshaja shkola jekonomiki». - M.: Izd. dom Vysshej shkoly jekono-
miki, 2015.
2. Problemy unifikacii mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo prava: monografija / N. V. Vlasova, N. G. Doronina, T. P. Lazareva [i dr.]; otv. red. A. L. Makovskij, I. O. Hlestova. - M.: IZiSP, Jurisprudencija, 2012.
3. Frolova E. E., Ermakova E. P., Protopopova O. V. Consumer protection of digital financial services in Russia and abroad // Advances in Intelligent Systems
and Computing. - 2020. - Vol. 1100 AISC.
4. Lomba N., Evas T. Digital services act: European added value assessment: [saĭt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2020/654180/EPRS_STU(2020)654180_
EN.pdf (data obrashhenija: 15.12.2021).
5. Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council Laying Down Harmonised Rules on Artificial Intelligence (Artificial Intelligence Act) and Amending Certain Union Legislative Acts: [saĭt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52021PC0206 (data obrashhenija: 15.12.2021).
6. Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation).
7. Rosett A. Unification, Harmonization, Restatement, Codification, and Reform in International Commercial Law // The American Journal of Comparative Law. - 1992. - Vol. 40 (3).
8. Rusakova E. P., Frolova E. E., Gorbacheva A. I. Digital rights as a new object of civil rights: issues of substantive and procedural law // Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. - 2020. - Vol. 1100.
9. White Paper on Artificial Intelligence: a European approach to excellence and trust: [saĭt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ec.europa.eu/info/publications/white-paper-artificial-intelligenceeuropean-approach-excellence-and-trust_en (data obrashhenija: 15.12.2021).
 
CIVIL LAW
Marakhovskaya K. G., Karpets S. I., Ermolenko K. I.
Harassment. How to fight discrimination at work?
The article is devoted to the problem of discrimination of workers in the workplace. Often in the labor sphere, cases of harassment occur, which employees of absolutely any organization can face, and this, in turn, harms not only the person who finds himself in such a situation, but also a legal entity. The article analyzes such a common form of discrimination as harassment, studies its types, methods of recognition, provides methods to combat this phenomenon, and offers recommendations for solving this problem.
Keywords: harassment, discrimination, molestation, cyber harassment, sexual harassment, disability, employees.
Work bibliographic list
1. Balabanov S. S., Saralieva Z. H. Seksual'nye domogatel'stva na rabote v Rossii // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N. I. Lobachevskogo. Serija: Social'nye nauki. – 2010. – # 1 (17).
2. Bochaver A. A., Hlomov K. D. Kiberbuling: travlja v prostranstve sovremennyh tehnologij // Psihologija. Zhurnal vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. – 2014. – # 3.
3. Mirzojan A. A. O probleme zakonodatel'nogo zakreplenija ponjatija «harrasment» v trudovom kodekse Rossijskoj Federacii // Economic aspects of industrialdevelopment in the transition to a digital economy. – Ufa:Izdatel'stvo: OOO «Nauchno-izdatel'skij centr
«Vestnik nauki», 2020.
4. Nevezhina M. V. Harassment kak odno iz projavlenij diskriminacii v sfere truda // Obrazovanie i pravo.– 2019. – # 5.
 
CIVIL LAW
Polina-Stashevskaya A. L.
Institution of abuse of law in insurance disputes: judicial aspect
The article examines the legal nature of the mechanism for proving the forms of abuse of law in insurance disputes based on the analysis of judicial practice by means of a comparative method in the chronological order of its formation. The current forms of abuse of law in insurance legal relations and methods of their proof are analyzed, and the position of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation in relation to the institution of “abuse of law” in insurance disputes is clearly presented. The effective instruments of proof have been analyzed, proposals have been formulated to improve the procedural legislation of the Russian Federation in connection with the introduction of electronic justice. The methodological basis of the research is made up of individual elements of the systematic approach, the provisions of materialistic dialectics, general scientific, specific scientific methods, as well as methods of cognition, generalization, analysis and synthesis, classification, and expert assessments are used.
Keywords: proof, abuse of law, insurance disputes, standard of proof.
Work bibliographic list
1. Apelljacionnoe opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po grazhdanskim delam Rostovskogo oblastnogo suda ot 24.05.2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://oblsud--ros.sudrf.ru/modules.php?name=sud_delo&srv_num=1&name_op=case&case_id=18041661&case_uid=ace95eba-e3f5-4af9-9339-e5d6fbbb7cba&result=1&delo_id=5&new=5.
2. Arhipova A.G. Doktrina uberrima fides v strahovanii i ee voploshhenie v rossijskom prave // Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava. – 2015. – # 4. – S. 7-8.
3. Bekov Ja.H. Podgotovka dela k sudebnomu razbiratel'stvu v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve. – M.:Volters Kluver, 2010. – C. 176.
4. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' pervaja) ot 30.11.1994 # 51-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online3.consultant.ru/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&rnd=F98A2F9EB4E1ECA08542
DCF1B0782B82&base=LAW&n=402655&cacheid=D354E860C9CCF4B56B9741A70852F60E&mode=rubr#9NxK0wSeQCU4yIzY.
5. Gurvich M.A. Javljaetsja li dokazyvanie v grazhdanskom processe juridicheskoj objazannost'ju? // Sovetskaja justicija. – 1975. – # 5. – S. 16.
6. Gureev P.P. Sudebnoe razbiratel'stvo grazhdanskih del. – M., 1958. – S. 122.
7. Momotov V.V.Zloupotreblenie pravom: teorija i praktika protivodejstvija v strahovyh pravootnoshenijah // Mirovoj sud'ja. – 2017. – # 11.
8. Klejnman A.F. Osnovnye voprosy teorii dokazatel'stv v sovetskom grazhdanskom processe. – M.; L., 1950. – S. 40.
9. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po grazhdanskim delam Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 01.10.2019 # 49-KG19-37, 2-1883/2018. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online3.consultant.ru/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&cacheid=6D44D
67EE4A40C86043B34F4F47EF32A&SORTTYPE=0&BASENODE=g3&ts=rAmQ0wSqi0HX4ohF&base=ARB&n=602886&rnd=F98A2F9EB4E1ECA08542DCF1B07-82B82#u03R0wSGqUz2iME6.
10. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 30.11.2017 # 48 (red. ot 29.06.2021) «O sudebnoj praktike po delam o moshennichestve, prisvoenii i rastrate». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://online3.consultant.ru/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&c
acheid=60094E89838C86ABBD329B9D23F83D35&SORTTYPE=0&BASENODE=1-1&ts=4y3K0wSw5kO97gla1&base=LAW&n=389279&rnd=F98A2F9EB4E1ECA08542DCF1B0782B82#QUGK0wS2BQaRAk4k.
11. Obzor praktiki rassmotrenija sudami del, svjazannyh s OSAGO, utv. Prezidiumom Verhovnogo Suda RF 22 ijunja 2016 g., v redakcii ot 26 aprelja 2017g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online3.consultant.ru/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&rnd=F98
A2F9EB4E1ECA08542DCF1B0782B82&base=LAW&n=216200&dst=100143&field=134&stat=srcfld%3D134%26src%3D100022%26code%3D10881%26page%3Dtext%26p%3D27%26base%3DMARB%26doc%3D1509062#V4XR0wSiENZAuhV.
12. Razreshenie finansovyh sporov v stranah ATR: (Avstralija, Gonkong, Indija, Indonezija, Kitaj, Malajzija, Novaja Zelandija, Singapur, SShA, Tailand, Japonija) / Ju. A. Artem'eva, E. P. Ermakova, N. V. Ivanovskaja [i dr.]. – Moskva: Infotropik Media, 2019. – 416 s. – ISBN 978-5-9998-0311-5
13. Skuratovskij M. L. Podgotovka dela k sudebnomu razbiratel'stvu v arbitrazhnom sude pervoj instancii. – M.: Volters Kluver, 2007. – S. 200.
14. Federal'nyj zakon ot 29 nojabrja 2012 g. # 207-FZ “O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii” // Rossijskaja gazeta – Federal'nyj vypusk # 278 (5951).
15. Judel'son K.S. Problema dokazyvanija v sovetskom grazhdanskom processe. – S. 33.
16. Ermakova, E. P. International Economic Integration and the Evolution of the Principles of Civil Procedure / E.P. Ermakova, E. E. Frolova, E. V. Sitkareva // Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems. – 2021. – Vol. 198. – P.1589-1597. – DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-69415-9_175
17. Rusakova, E. P. Digital Rights as a New Object of Civil Rights: Issues of Substantive and Procedural Law / E. P. Rusakova, E. E. Frolova, A. I. Gorbacheva // Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing (sm. v knigah). –2020. – Vol. 1100. – P. 665-673.
18. Rusakova, E. P. Challenges of the Judicial Systems of the Russian Federation and People’s Republic of China in the Era of the Pandemic / E. P. Rusakova, E. E. Frolova, L. L. Arzumanova // Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems. – 2021. – Vol. 198. – P. 1541-1549. – DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-69415-9_170.
 
CIVIL PROCESS
Kitaeva A. B., Polivtseva A. A.
Digital evidence in civil and arbitration proceedings
This article aims to review and clarify the concept of “digital evidence” in the framework of civil and arbitration proceedings, as well as the concept and types of evidence in the Civil Procedure and Arbitration Procedure Codes of the Russian Federation based on an analysis of the existing points of view of famous legal scholars and proceduralists. The article deals with some topical problems of using digital evidence in civil and arbitration proceedings. Also, within the framework of the topic under consideration, the authors of this article referred to the norms for the application of the Federal Law “On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection” dated July 27, 2006 No. 149-FZ (as amended on December 30, 2021).
Keywords: сivil process, digital evidence, arbitration process, Code of Civil Procedure of the Russian Federation, evidence in a civil case, federal law, information, information technology, agrarian and industrial complex of the Russian Federation, domestic legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vershinin A. P. Jelektronnyj dokument: pravovaja forma i dokazatel'stvo v sude: uchebno-praktiche-
skoe posobie – Moskva: Izdatel'skij dom «Gorodec», 2000. – 248 s.
2. Lagunova A. A. Jelektronnye dokumenty kak dokazatel'stva v grazhdanskom processe // Sovremennaja nauka: innovacionnyj vzgljad molodezhi: Materialy III Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Pjatigorsk, 23 marta 2021 goda. – Pjatigorsk:Pjatigorskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2021. –S. 132–137.
3. Jarkov V. V. Jelektronnoe pravosudie i principy civilisticheskogo processa / V. V. Jarkov // Zakon. –2011. – # 2. – S. 44–50.
4. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii» ot 27.07.2006 # 149-FZ (red. ot 30.12.2021) // Rossijskaja gazeta. - 2006. - # 165.
5. Kirgizova T. D., Shumova K. A. Voprosy ispol'zovanija jelektronnyh dokazatel'stv v arbitrazhnom processe // Sbornik statej XIV Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo konkursa, 2018. – S.133-136.
6. Vorozhbit S. P. Jelektronnye sredstva dokazyvanija v grazhdanskom i arbitrazhnom processe: special'nost' 12.00.15 «Grazhdanskij process; arbitrazhnyj process»: avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk. –
Sankt-Peterburg, 2011. – 25 s.
7. Vostrikov I. Ju. Jelektronnyj dokument kak dokazatel'stvo v grazhdanskom processe // Grazhdanskoe sudoproizvodstvo v izmenjajushhejsja Rossii: materialy Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konferencii. – Saratov, 2007. – S. 374-380.
8. Zhizhina M.V. Dokument kak nositel' dokazatel'stvennoj informacii v sovremennom civilisticheskom processe // Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process. – 2016. – # 2. – S. 43-48.
 
CIVIL PROCESS
Mogilevskiy G. A., Komissarov A. V.
Topical issues of the administration of justice by the military courts of the Russian Federation: history and modernity
Based on the analysis of the brief historical aspect of the organization and functioning of the military judicial bodies of the Russian state, the modern content of the regulatory framework and the ongoing reforms of the judicial system in modern conditions, the publication outlines the essence, role and place of military courts in the judicial system as one of its two structural elements. Along with the legalized organizational structure of military courts, the criteria for the jurisdiction of court cases considered and resolved by military courts are analyzed.
Keywords: judicial system of the state, elements of the structure, military-judicial bodies, administration of justice, historical aspect, current state and procedure of reform, jurisdiction of civil cases.
Work bibliographic list
1. Luzhin K.N. Voennye sudy Rossii i gosudarstv-uchastnikov Sodruzhestva nezavisimyh gosudarstv: Dis. … kand. jurid. n auk. M., 2018.
2. Ryzhakov A.P. Pravoohranitel'nye organy Rossijskoj Federacii: sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija. M., 2014. S. 23-24.
3. Petuhov N.A. Istorija voennyh sudov Rossii. M.:NORMA, 2003.
 
ENTREPRENEURIAL LAW
Goncharova L. N., Sinenko V. S.
Notarial certification of legal facts
The article analyzes topical issues related to the notarial establishment and certification of legal facts. The legal and factual possibilities of the notary to carry out the recording of the actual circumstances that are the basis of legal consequences are investigated. Attention is drawn to the presence of obstacles to the expansion of notarial competence in this area. The conclusion is drawn that the notary is able to take on part of the judicial functions to establish some legally significant facts, but this will require certain legislative changes and additions.
Keywords: notary, notarial actions, establishment of legal facts, probative value, evaluation of evidence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Argunov V.V. Notarial'nyj akt v sudebnom dokazyvanii po grazhdanskim delam: istoriko-teoreticheskij ocherk // Vestnik grazhdanskogo processa.– 2017. – # 6. – S. 130-148.
2. Argunov V.V. Proizvodstvo po ustanovleniju faktov, imejushhih juridicheskoe znachenie: v sude ili u notariusa? // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 11. Pravo. – 2013. – # 2. – S. 62-70.
3. Gromoshina N.A Differenciacija, unifikacija i uproshhenie v grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve. Monografija. – M.: Prospekt, 2010. – 264 s.
4. Grjadov A.V. Dokazatel'stvennaja sila notarial'nogo akta v prave Rossii i Francii (sravnitel'no-pravovoe issledovanie). – M.: Infotropik Media, 2012. – 400 s.
5. Zazulina L.D. Peredacha del ob ustanovlenii fakta priznanija otcovstva v kompetenciju notariusov:vozmozhnaja model' regulirovanija i ee preimushhestva // Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process. –2019. – # 8. – S. 59-63.
6. Kalinichenko T.G. Notarial'naja zashhita prav i zakonnyh interesov grazhdan i juridicheskih lic //Notarial'nyj vestnik. – 2008. – # 4. – S. 19-27.
7. Kommentarij zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii o notariate (postatejnyj) / A.A. Anisimova, R.S. Bevzenko, V.A. Belov i dr.; pod red. D.Ja. Maleshina. – M.: Statut, 2018. – 719 s.
8. Korsik K.A. Dokazatel'stvennoe znachenie notarial'no oformlennyh dokumentov v rossijskom grazhdanskom sudoproizvodstve // Notarius. – 2011.– # 1. – S. 5-8.
9. Maleshin D.Ja. Sodejstvie notariata sudebnoj reforme // Vestnik SPbGU. Pravo. – 2020. – T. 11. Vyp. 1. – S. 67-86.
10. Pankratova N.A. Dokazatel'stvennaja sila notarial'no oformlennyh dokumentov (na primere praktiki primenenija ch. 5 st. 61 GPK RF) // Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process. – 2018. – # 12. – S. 33-35.
11. Protasov V.N. Osnovy obshhepravovoj processual'noj teorii. – M.: Jurid. lit., 1991. – 143 c.
12. Frik O.V. Sozdanie besspornyh dokazatel'stv kak odna iz osnovnyh funkcij notariata // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija «Pravo». – 2021. – T.18. # 2. – S. 55-63.
13. Chechot D.M. Neiskovye proizvodstva. – M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1973. – 168 c.
14. Sharafetdinov N.F. Ustanovlenie faktov, imejushhih juridicheskoe znachenie: predlozhenija k proektu federal'nogo zakona «Ob organizacii i dejatel'nosti notariata v Rossijskoj Federacii» //Notarial'nyj vestnik. – 2012. – #5. – S. 40-45.
 
ENTREPRENEURIAL LAW
Malyshev S. Ya., Kiselev N. N.
The process of admission and granting interested parties access to information constituting a trade secret
The article discusses the main problems of ensuring the confidentiality of information, including
the regime of commercial secrets of a company (firm), when deciding whether to grant an interested person the right (admission) to access confidential information. A comparative analysis of regulatory legal acts regulating the process of admission and the procedure for a person’s access to a company’s (firm’s) trade secret has been conducted. The content side of legal relations that arise during the process of admission and the procedure for a person’s access to confidential and secret information while ensuring commercial and state secrets is investigated. The ways of solving the problem of ensuring the regime of commercial secrecy when deciding on the admission of a person to confidential information of a company (firm) are outlined.
Keywords: trade secret regime, state secret, confidential information, admission process, access procedure.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ozhegov S. I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka/ Izdanie chetvertoe ispravlennoe i dopolnennoe – M.: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo inostrannyh i nacional'nyh slovarej, 1960. - S. 88.
 
ENTREPRENEURIAL LAW
Tkacheva N. G.
On the issue of establishing the content of the category “Legal regime of acceptance of goods”
The article focuses on the theoretical and practical issues of acceptance of goods. It examines the concept of acceptance of goods, the legal nature of acceptance, the significance of this category for private and public law. The analysis of relations involving the acceptance of goods will allow us to address the issues of correlation and mutual influence of private and public law. A comprehensive civilised study of the acceptance of goods has been analyzed. Based on the analysis, the correlation of the categories “civil law regulation” and “civil law regime” has been determined, a comprehensive understanding of the legal regime of acceptance of goods has been developed.
The article presents a general approach to acceptance as a procedure for confirming fulfillment of civil obligations related to the transfer of an object of civil rights from one party to the other. The article also addresses the history of scientific analysis of acceptance of goods.
Keywords: goods, acceptance, contract, execution of the contract.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andreeva L. V. Kommercheskoe (torgovoe) pravo:uchebnik. - M.: KNORUS, 2020. - 328 s. / Informacionnyj bank «Postatejnye kommentarii i knigi Spravochno-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tant pljus».
2. Kommercheskoe pravo Rossii: uchebnik / B. I. Puginskij. – 5-e izd., pererab. i dop. - M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2019. - 471 s.
3. Stankevich N. G. Kommercheskoe pravo: Teksty lekcij. - Grodno: GrGU, 2002. - S. 137-142.
4. Smetannikov A. Problemy proverki tovara po kachestvu pri ego priemke ili v predelah garantijnogo sroka // Hozjajstvo i pravo. - 2007. - #3. - S. 61-67.
5. Jakovlev V. F. Grazhdansko-pravovoj metod regulirovanija obshhestvennyh otnoshenij. - Sverdlovsk. 1972. - S. 69.
6. Iljushina M. N., Chelyshev M. Ju., Sitdikova R. I. Kommercheskoe pravo: Uchebnoe posobie; Praktikum; Uchebnaja programma / Pod red. N. A. Barinova. - M.: Jurajt-Izdat, 2002. - S. 155.
7. Davydova G. N. Juridicheskie procedury v grazhdanskom prave (Obshhaja harakteristika): Dis. ...kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03. - Kazan', 2004. - S. 8.
8. Pokrovskij I. A. Osnovnye problemy grazhdanskogo prava. - M.: Izdatel'stvo: Statut, 2020. - 351 s.
9. Braginskij M. I., Vitrjanskij V. V. Dogovornoe pravo. Kniga pervaja. Obshhie polozhenija. - M.:Statut, 2020. - S. 401.
10. Chelyshev M. Ju. Sistema mezhotraslevyh svjazej grazhdanskogo prava: civilisticheskoe issledovanie: dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03. - Kazan', 2008. - S. 95.
11. Iljushina M. N., Chelyshev M. Ju., Sitdikova R. I. Ukaz. soch. - S. 156.
12. Mehanizm pravovogo regulirovanija mozhet byt' opredelen kak vzjataja v edinstve sistema pravovyh sredstv, pri pomoshhi kotoroj obespechivaetsja rezul'tativnoe pravovoe vozdejstvie na obshhestvennye otnoshenija / Alekseev S. S. Obshhaja teorija prava / - M.: Izdatel'stvo: «Prospekt», 2011. - 576 s.
13. Iljushina M. N., Chelyshev M. Ju., Sitdikova R. I. Kommercheskie sdelki: teorija i praktika: Uchebno-prakticheskoe posobie / Pod obshh. red. M. N. Iljushinoj. - M.: RPA MJu RF, 2005.
14. Ioffe O. S. Objazatel'stvennoe pravo. - M.: Gosjurizdat, 1975. - S. 64.
15. Puginskij B. I. Grazhdansko-pravovye sredstva v hozjajstvennyh objazatel'stvah. - M.: Jurid. lit.,1984. - S. 140.
16. Vishnjakova N. A. Porjadok priemki lekarstvennyh sredstv special'nogo naznachenija i vspomogatel'nyh veshhestv po kolichestvu i kachestvu // Pravo: teorija i praktika. - 2004. - # 3. - S. 20-23.
17. Hozjajstvennoe pravo Ukrainy / Nesinova S. V., Voronko V. S., Chebikina T. S. / Pod. red. S. V. Nesinovoj. - K.: Centr uchebnoj literatury, 2012.- 564 s.
 
LABOUR LAW
Kitaeva A. V.
On the issue of legal regulation of the organization of distance labor
The article discusses the legal features of the organization of remote work, characterizes the fundamentally new provisions of the legislation regarding the regulation of remote work. The importance of having a work start in the order of remote hiring is emphasized, which contributes to the development of these forms of interaction between employers and employees.
Keywords: labor organization, remote labor, Labor Code of the Russian Federation, specifics of remote labor, legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Trudovoj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.2001 # 197-FZ (red. ot 28.06.2021, s izm. ot 06.10.2021) (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.09.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. –2002. – # 1 (ch. 1). – St. 3.
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.07.2003 # 126-FZ (red. Ot 02.07.2021) «O svjazi» (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.10.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 2003.– # 28. – St. 2895.
3. Oganezova E. V. Juridicheskie osobennosti regulirovanija truda distancionnyh rabotnikov // Voprosy ustojchivogo razvitija obshhestva. – 2020. – # 6. –S. 238-242.
4. Pogorilaja M. N., Kruchek I. V. K voprosu o juridicheskih osobennostjah organizacii distancionnogo truda // Modern Science. – 2021. – # 2-2. – S. 175-180.
 
LABOUR LAW
Malkerov V. B.
Problems of regulation of labor relations of the teaching staff of a higher educational institution
The paper analyzes the existing system of rationing labor costs in higher educational institutions. It is noted that the transfer of powers for such rationing of the organization itself contains prerequisites for certain abuses and to reduce the results of the work of the educational institution. The article provides similar examples. The author formulates proposals for improving legislation
Keywords: teaching staff, labor rationing, bonus remuneration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dolbilkin A. V., Petrovnina A. M. Osobennosti tenevoj jekonomiki v Rossijskoj Federacii // Naukosfera. - 2021. - # 7-2. - S. 287.
2. Shenshin A. V., Gordienko U. N., Korrupcija kak ugroza nacional'noj bezopasnosti // Pravo. Bezopasnost'. Chrezvychajnye situacii. - 2021. - # 2 (51). - S. 28
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Anisimova M. A.
Regulation of ESG-banking in Russia based on international experience
The article analyzes approaches to the regulation of ESG banking in Russia based on world and, in particular, European practices.
Russian legislation in this area is being formed with a delay due to faster implementation of the principles in global banking. Nevertheless, even more attention is being paid to the ESG agenda in the banking sector. The article discusses the concepts of “Equator Principles” as the basis of international law in the field of ESG, as well as the concept of “Principles of Responsible Banking” as a new stage in the development of ESG banking regulation. The role of ESG principles implementation in the Russian banking sector is investigated. At the moment, the Bank of Russia understands the importance of introducing and implementing the principles of sustainable development both in its own operational activities and in the activities of commercial banks to improve their reputation and stability on the world stage.
Keywords: principles of sustainable development; principles of ESG; ESG-banking; ESG-banking regulation
Work bibliographic list
1. Dlja Rossii perehod k ESG-bankingu – vopros vremeni. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://asros.ru/news/opinions/dlya-rossii-perekhod-k-esgbankingu-vopros-vremeni/.
2. Nedorezkov V.V. ESG-principy v dejatel'nosti rossijskih kreditnyh organizacij // Razvitie rynkov «zelenogo» finansirovanija v Rossii i mire. - 2020.- S. 71-74.
3. CB opredelilsja s ESG-povestkoj na blizhajshie tri goda, 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://frankrg.com/54505.
4. ESG-banking v Rossii. Issledovanie, 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/ru/Documents/research-center/esg-banking-russia.pdf.
5. Batae, Oana & Feleaga, Liliana & Dragomir, Voicu.(2020). Environmental, social, governance (ESG), and financial performance of European banks. Journal of Accounting and Management Information Systems. 19. 480-501. 10.24818/jamis.2020.03003.
6. Bruno, Michelangelo & Lagasio, Valentina. (2021). An Overview of the European Policies on ESG in the Banking Sector. Sustainability. 13. 12641. 10.3390/su132212641.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Boguslavskaya N. A.
Financial basis of the federal territory “Sirius”
The article discusses the current provisions of the legislation governing the financial basis of the federal territory “Sirius”, the author gives a definition of this category, discloses the main characteristics of the budget of the federal territory for 2022, analyzes changes in tax legislation, suggests directions for improving budget legislation in relation to the federal territory “Sirius “.
Keywords: financial basis, federal territory “Sirius”, budget, interbudgetary relations, establishment and introduction of taxes, local taxes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vasil'kova E.A. Federal'naja territorija kak vid territorial'noj organizacii publichnoj vlasti v Rossijskoj Federacii // Gumanitarnye, social'no-jekonomicheskie i obshhestvennye nauki. - 2021. -#4-2. - S.33-35.
2. Sibileva A.Ju. K voprosu o pravovom statuse federal'nyh territorij // Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal'nogo universiteta imeni V.I. Vernadskogo.- Juridicheskie nauki. - 2020. - T. 6 (72). - #3. - S.49-56.
3. Vasil'eva N.V., Praskova S.V., Pjatkovskaja Ju.V. Konstitucionnyj status federal'nyh territorij v Rossii: teoreticheskie osnovy zakonodatel'nogo regulirovanija // Pravoprimenenie. - 2021. - T. 5. - # 1. - S. 125.
4. Pozdnjakova E.V. Finansovo-jekonomicheskaja osnova mestnogo samoupravlenija: problemy ukreplenija //Evrazijskij sojuz uchenyh (ESU). - 2015. - # 7-5 (16).- S. 137.
5. Pynchuk V.A. Nekotorye aspekty sovershenstvovanija finansovoj osnovy mestnogo samoupravlenija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta imeni V.N. Tatishheva. - 2019. - T. 1. - # 3.- S. 63.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Komarova L. V., Farikova E. A.
The place of the financial control institute in the system of Russian law
The article discusses the legal basis of financial control in Russia. The main scientific approaches to the definition of the concept and boundaries of financial control are analyzed. The
legislative regulation of financial and control activities of public authorities and non-state structures is characterized. Based on the analysis of the content of financial control and the legal basis for its implementation, approaches have been developed to determine the place of the institution of financial control in the system of Russian law at the present time.
Keywords: public administration, state control, financial law, financial control, audit.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonceva M.S. Razvitie razlichnyh vidov negosudarstvennogo finansovogo kontrolja // Obrazovanie i nauka bez granic: social'no-gumanitarnye nauki, 2017. # 6. S. 160.
2. Bokova T.A. Ponjatie «finansovyj kontrol'». Klassifikacija vidov finansovogo kontrolja // Obrazovanie i nauka v sovremennyh uslovijah, 2016. # 4 (9).S. 198.
3. Vasjuk A.V. Tamozhennyj kontrol' kak napravlenie gosudarstvennogo finansovogo kontrolja // Decjatye Vserossijskie Derzhavinskie chtenija: sbornik statej. M.: Vserossijskij gosudarstvennyj universitet justicii, 2015. S. 131.
4. Velikanova A.V., Paulov P.A. Ponjatie valjutnogo kontrolja kak vida gosudarstvennogo finansovogo kontrolja // Sovremennye nauchnye issledovanija i razrabotki, 2018. # 3 (20). S. 182.
5. Gasymov A.B. Ponjatie i principy nalogovogo kontrolja, ego mesto v sisteme finansovogo kontrolja //Theoretical & Applied Science. 2019. # 1 (69). S. 189-190.
6. Dobrobaba M.B., Petrenko P.M., Petrenko M.M. K voprosu o sootnoshenii gosudarstvennogo i vnegosudarstvennogo finansovogo kontrolja v bjudzhetnoj sfere // Sovremennye problemy i perspektivy razvitija bankovskogo sektora: materialy V Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Tambov: Tambovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet imeni G.R. Derzhavina, 2020. S. 39.
7. Komarova L.V. Social'noe regulirovanie makrolokal'nyh geojekonomicheskih sistem: social'no-filosofskij analiz: avtoref. dis. ... dokt. filos. nauk. Krasnodar, 2012. S. 22.
8. Kravchenko V.I. Ponjatie i vidy finansovogo kontrolja v Rossijskoj Federacii // Problemy i perspektivy razvitija agropromyshlennogo kompleksa Rossii: materialy vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Blagoveshhensk: Dal'nevostochnyj gosudarstvennyj agrarnyj universitet, 2017. S. 156-157.
9. Kukelko D.V. Sootnoshenie ponjatij «gosudarstvennyj finansovyj kontrol'» i «gosudarstvennyj audit» // Pravovye problemy ukreplenija rossijskoj gosudarstvennosti: sbornik statej. Tomsk: Izdatel'stvo Tomskogo universiteta, 2011. S. 164.
10. Lopotun B.N. Teoretiko-pravovye aspekty finansovogo kontrolja kak funkcii gosudarstva // Uchenye trudy Rossijskoj akademii advokatury i notariata, 2016. # 2 (41). S. 115.
11. Sajfieva S.N., Solov'eva S.V. Osobennosti vzaimodejstvija gosudarstvennyh vedomstv i kommercheskih bankov Rossii v sfere valjutno-finansovogo kontrolja i regulirovanija // Jekonomika i socium: sovremennye modeli razvitija, 2019. T. 9. # 3 (25). S. 430.
12. Smetannikova V.A. Sootnoshenie gosudarstvennyh i negosudarstvennyh vidov finansovogo kontrolja //Materialy XXXVII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Astrahan': Nauchnyj centr«Olimp», 2018. S. 353.
13. Finansovoe pravo: uchebnik / Otv. red. E.Ju. Gracheva, O.V. Boltinova. 2-e izdanie, pererab. i dop. M.:Prospekt, 2020. S. 498.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Korobova A. P., Saigashkin Ya. V.
On the issue of the formation of the financial and legal policy of the state in the conditions of digitalization
Within the framework of this article, the problem of the formation of the financial and legal policy of the state in the conditions of digitalization of various aspects of public life, and in particular, the economic sphere, is considered. Financial and legal policy is proposed to be understood as a multidimensional complex phenomenon that simultaneously relates to several spheres of life of modern society.
The idea is expressed that the social purpose of financial and legal policy consists primarily in the implementation of the financial function of the state through a purposeful systemic impact on the sphere of financial relations.
Keywords: politics, law, financial and legal policy, financial sphere, financial activity, financial and legal strategy, financial function.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zhmurko I. M. Finansovo-pravovaja politika gosudarstva v sfere gosudarstvennyh obligacionnyh zajmov // Finansovoe pravo. - 2018. - # 4. - S. 7-11.
2. Zaporozhcev D. S. Dolgovaja finansovo-pravovaja politika i gosudarstvennye (municipal'nye) garantii // Pravovaja politika i pravovaja zhizn'. - 2018.- # 1. - S. 117-122.
3. Mironova S. M. Vlijanie gosudarstvennoj finansovo-pravovoj politiki na municipal'nye obrazovanija // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava.- 2020. - # 15(2). - S. 44-53.
4. Reshetnjak A. E. Finansovo-pravovaja politika Banka Rossii v otnoshenii mikrofinansovyh organizacij // Pravovaja politika i pravovaja zhizn'. - 2019.- # 1. - S. 101-107.
5. Himicheva N. I., Pokachalova E. V. Finansovo-pravovaja politika // Pravovaja politika Rossii: teorija i praktika: Monografija. - M.: Prospekt, 2006. - S. 444-488
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Sharudinova I. D., Alieva E. B.
Tax avoidance schemes
This article discusses various variants of gray tax evasion schemes. The authors of the article distinguish some common schemes of splitting a business, their main features, on the basis of the
study of the existing practice of consideration of such cases by the courts. A comparative analysis of cases and court positions on the category of cases under consideration is made.
Keywords: “splitting of business”, unjustified tax benefit, business splitting schemes, business purpose, interdependent persons.
Work bibliographic list
1. Donich S. R. Novacii v sfere nalogovogo administrirovanija: doktrina «droblenija biznesa» // Vestnik SGUPS: gumanitarnye issledovanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/novatsii-v-sfere-nalogovogo-administrirovaniyadoktrina-drobleniya-biznesa.
2. Volkov A. V., Blinkov O. E. Droblenie biznesa:pravovye problemy // Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Juridicheskie nauki. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/droblenie-biznesa-pravovye-problemy.
3. Zyrjanova T. V., Zagurskij A. O. Nalogovye posledstvija droblenija biznesa // Diskussija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/nalogovye-posledstviya-drobleniyabiznesa.
 
FINANCIAL LAW
Iljina K. E., Kurganskaya A. A., Chernov Yu. I.
Financial control in the field of population migration
This article is devoted to the organization of financial control in the field of migration. On the basis of actual literary sources, the author’s points of view on the definition of the concept of «state financial control» are considered. The features of the organization of financial control in the field of migration have been determined. Weaknesses of the current financial control system and ways of rationalizing financial control activities are identified.
Keywords: state financial control, state funding, budget system, migration, national legislation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Afanas'ev M. P., Belenchuk A. A., Krivogov I. V. Bjudzhet i bjudzhetnaja sistema v 2 t. Tom 2. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2018. – 342 s.
2. Blankenagel' A. Teorija i praktika konstitucionnogo stroja v FRG // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo.– 1989. – # 1. – 102 s.
3. Grib S. N. Bjudzhetnaja sistema Rossijskoj Federacii. – Krasnojarsk: Sibirskij federal'nyj universitet, 2020. – 392 s.
4. Chaldaeva L. A. Finansy, denezhnoe obrashhenie, kredit. – M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2017. – 381 s.
5. Shepelev D. V., Shepeleva D. V. Pravovoe regulirovanie gosudarstvennogo finansovogo kontrolja. – M.:Prospekt, 2021. – 160 s.
 
TAX LAW
Magomayev A. A., Alieva E. B.
Features of the taxation of the self-employed in Russia
The research paper examines the newly introduced experimental tax on the income of selfemployed persons. The author emphasizes the importance of the established tax, its necessity
for the social and economic development of the country. The authors analyze the advantages and
disadvantages of a specialized tax - the tax on professional income, make recommendations for
improvement and come to an independent conclusion.
Keywords: tax; self-employed; professional income tax; individual entrepreneur; tax report.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kljukovich Z. A., Martynenko A. O., Shujskaja A. D. Specifika naloga na professional'nyj dohod dlja samozanjatyh grazhdan v Rossii // Zametki uchenogo. - 2019. - # 5 (39).
2. Popov A. V. Administrativno-pravovoj status samozanjatyh grazhdan: problemy opredelenija i vozmozhnye puti ih reshenija // Nauchnyj vestnik Omskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2018. - # 2 (69).
 
ECOLOGICAL LAW
Zubkova M. N., Brodetskaya M. A.
Early termination of the right to use the subsoil as ensuring state protection and protection of the subsoil
The urgency of the problem of irrational use of mineral resources for human development and health led to the choice of a research topic in the subject plane of natural science aspects. The article discusses the legal basis of subsoil use and the grounds for early termination of the right to use the subsoil as ensuring state protection and protection of the subsoil. The procedure for early termination of the right to use the subsoil in accordance with the requirements of current legislation is also described. The differences between the termination and early termination of the right to use the subsoil are determined.
Keywords: subsoil use; protection of the subsoil; state protection of the subsoil.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija RF ot 12.12.1993 (s izm. ot 01.07.2020) //Spravochnaja pravovaja sistema «Konsul'tant Pljus».
2. Luneva E.V. Jekologicheskie imperativy v sisteme pravovyh predpisanij o racional'nom prirodopol'zovanii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ekologicheskie-imperativyv-sisteme-pravovyh-predpisaniy-o-ratsionalnomprirodopolzovanii/viewer.
3. Zakon RF ot 21.02.1992 # 2395-1 «O nedrah» (red. Ot 11.06.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. 1995. #10. St. 823.
4. Prikaz Minprirody Rossii ot 29.09.2009 # 315 «Ob utverzhdenii Administrativnogo reglamenta Federal'nogo agentstva po nedropol'zovaniju po ispolneniju gosudarstvennyh funkcij po osushhestvleniju vydachi, oformlenija i registracii licenzij na pol'zovanie nedrami, vnesenija izmenenij i dopolnenij v licenzii na pol'zovanie uchastkami nedr, a takzhe pereoformlenija licenzij i prinjatija, v tom chisle po predstavleniju Federal'noj sluzhby po nadzoru v sfere prirodopol'zovanija i inyh upolnomochennyh organov, reshenij o dosrochnom prekrashhenii, priostanovlenii i ogranichenii prava pol'zovanija uchastkami nedr» (s izm. Ot 19.02.2015, ot 31.05.2016) // Bjulleten' normativnyh aktov federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti. 2010. # 10.
5. Spiridonov D.V. Dosrochnoe prekrashhenija prava pol'zovanija nedrami kak odin iz mehanizmov pravovogo regulirovanija pol'zovanija nedrami.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/dosrochnoe-prekraschenieprava-polzovaniya-nedrami-kak-odin-iz-mehanizmovpravovogo-regulirovaniya-polzovaniya-nedrami/viewer.
6. Gorohov K.D. Dosrochnoe prekrashhenie prava pol'zovanija nedrami v strukture pravovogo rezhima razrabotki mestorozhdenij poleznyh iskopaemyh.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/dosrochnoe-prekraschenie-prava-
polzovaniya-nedrami-v-strukture-pravovogo-rezhima-razrabotki-mestorozhdeniy-poleznyh-iskopaemyh.
 
ECOLOGICAL LAW
Klyukanova L. G.
Ensuring the environmental safety of the urban milieu: modern problems of the legal regulation
Тhe article deals with the features of the development of the national rulemaking and some tendencies of the forming of the law enforcement activities in the field of ensuring of the Environmental Safety on the Urban milieu. The characteristics of the institute of the Environmental Safety provided in Urban milieu, its complex, intersectoral, interdisciplinary and independent character are analyzed.
The conclusion about the necessity to improve the system of the independent legal regulation in the field of ensuring of the Safe Urban Environment including the harmonization of the legal norms, systematization of the special legislation. streamlining of the development of the special legal terminology and creation of the new legal institutes is formulated.
Keywords: Environmental Safety, Urban milieu, Urban safety, Urban environment quality index, Sustainable development.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vasil'eva M. I. Publichnye interesy v jekologicheskom prave: teorija i praktika pravovogo regulirovanija: diss. ... doktora jurid. nauk: 12.00.06. – M.,2003. – 416 s.
2. Vershilo N. D. Jekologo-pravovye osnovy ustojchivogo razvitija: dis. ... doktora jurid. nauk: 12.00.06.– M., 2008. – 389 s.
3. Kachanov S. A., Pinchuk A. V., Sokolov N. A. Principy realizacii koncepcii «Umnyj ustojchivyj gorod» // Tehnologii grazhdanskoj bezopasnosti. –2018. – T.15, # 4(58). – S. 4-12.
4. Kljukanova L. G. Ustojchivye goroda: kompleksnoe razvitie urbanizirovannyh territorij i pravovye mehanizmy obespechenija realizacii prava grazhdan na blagoprijatnuju okruzhajushhuju sredu //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2019. – # 1 (128). – S. 213-219.
5. Lisina N. L. Principy pravovoj ohrany okruzhajushhej sredy v gorodah // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2019.– # 1. – S. 123-135.
6. Pravovoe obespechenie blagoprijatnoj okruzhajushhej sredy v gorodah: nauchno-prakticheskoe posobie/ S. A. Bogoljubov, E. S. Boltanova, G. V. Vyphanova i dr.; otv. redaktor N. V. Kichigin. – M.: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve RF, 2013. – 336 s.
7. Rastjapina O. A. Vlijanie urbanizacii na blagopoluchie gorodskogo poselenija // Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arhitekturno-stroitel'nogo universiteta. Serija: Stroitel'stvo i arhitektura. – 2016. – # 45 (64). – S. 168-187.
8. Hurshudov A. G. Koncepcija jekologicheskoj bezopasnosti resursnoj severnoj territorii // Biologicheskie resursy i prirodopol'zovanie. – 1997. –Vyp. 1. – S. 87-98.
9. Shvab K. Chetvertaja promyshlennaja revoljucija. –M.: Jeksmo, 2016. – 138 s.
10. Deklaracija OON po okruzhajushhej srede i razvitiju. 1992 g. // Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe pravo. Sbornik dokumentov. T. 2. – M.: Bek, 1996. – S. 132-135.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Abdulaev A. M., Tailova A. G.
Voluntary refusal to commit a crime: issues of law enforcement practice
The article analyzes the experience of the international community aimed at countering corporate corruption offenses.
The issue of countering corporate corruption takes a priority place in the anti-corruption policy in foreign countries. A number of countries, such as the UK, have recently adopted anti-corruption laws. In addition, British and American security officials, in particular, recognized the fight against corruption against legal entities as a priority.
Cases of bringing legal entities to criminal responsibility, which become subjects of criminal responsibility, including for violation of anti-corruption legislation on bribery, are increasing annually. The result of recent changes in the legislation of a number of countries is that legal entities are increasingly recognized as subjects of criminal liability for crimes in cases of bribery.
Keywords: voluntary refusal, complicity, institute of criminal law, delineation, active repentance.
Work bibliographic list
1. Pan'ko K. A. Dobrovol'nyj otkaz ot prestuplenija po sovetskomu ugolovnomu pravu. - Voronezh:Izd-vo Voronezh, un-ta, 1975. - 147 s.
2. Hiljuta V. Osoznanie vozmozhnosti dovedenija prestuplenija do konca kak priznak dobrovol'nogo otkaza // Ugolovnoe pravo. - 2018. - # 5. - S. 82-89.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Aliev A. M., Alieva A. I., Marianov A. A.
Ways to increase the effectiveness of juvenile crime prevention
The article analyzes the basis of legal regulation and prevention and prevention of juvenile delinquency. According to the authors, the reduction of juvenile delinquency in the region and in the Russian Federation as a whole largely depends on the support of the state and society in solving this problem.
Keywords: crime, delinquency, juveniles, prevention, system, statistics.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gercenzon A. A. Vvedenie v sovetskuju kriminologiju. – M., 1965. – S. 17.
2. Karpec I. I. Sovremennye problemy ugolovnogo prava i kriminologii. – M.: Jurid. lit., 1976. – S. 68.
3. Stepanenko D. A., Rudyh A. A. Ispol'zovanie otkrytyh informacionnyh tehnologij dlja rassledovanija prestuplenij v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih //Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2019. – # 4. – S. 16-19.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Akhtamyanov R. R., Nelyubin R. V., Zhukov N. I.
Actual problems of detecting crimes arising from drug trafficking
This article will consider the problems arising in the investigation of crimes in the field of drug trafficking, the complexity of their disclosure and the interaction of law enforcement agencies with other services. The increasing statistics of crimes in the field of drug trafficking are given. The main features of the development of narcotic drugs through the Internet industry are also listed.
Keywords: crime detection, drug trafficking.
Work bibliographic list
1. Shijan V.A. Sostojanie i tendencii prestuplenij v sfere nezakonnogo oborota narkotikov // Narkokontrol' 2018. # 2 (51).
2. Tkachev I. Smertnost' ot narkotikov v Rossii vyrosla na 60 % na fone pandemii // RBK. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.rbc.ru/economics/18/07/2021/60f1b7cc9a79472c99206f4d
3. Ban'kovskij A.E., Dering A.V. Aktual'nye problemy nezakonnogo oborota narkoticheskih sredstv posredstvom seti Internet: sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy protivodejstvija // Narkokontrol' 2019. # 1 (54).
4. Bal'heev S.A. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika sub"ektov, uchastvujushhih v nezakonnom oborote narkoticheskih sredstv, sovershennom posredstvom informacionno-telekommunikacionnoj seti internet // Vestnik magistratury. 2019. # 4-1 (91).
5. Sobol' A.V. Problemy rassledovanija prestuplenij v sfere nezakonnogo oborota narkotikov cherez set' Internet // Vestnik KRU MVD Rossii. 2018. # 4 (42).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Badamshin I. D., litvina A. V., Kuliev I. B.
Crimes in the field of information and telecommunication technologies: trends and counteraction
The development of technologies in the modern world determines their direct development by all progressive humanity. This is used not only by conscientious users of communication networks, but also by malefactors pursuing various illegal goals. The indicated trends are associated with the rapid and full-scale penetration of information and telecommunication technologies into all spheres of society in conditions of weak control over the virtual space and the processes taking place in it by the state, the inability of the latter to adequately ensure information security, the inefficiency of the criminal law mechanism of protection against criminal encroachments.
The article discusses the trends in the development of crimes in the field of information and telecommunication technologies, as well as the features of countering them.
Keywords: information technologies, digital technologies, crime, crime prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Soboleva A. S. Sovremennoe sostojanie prestupnosti v sfere cifrovyh tehnologij // Naukosfera. –2020. – # 12-1. – S. 330-334.
2. Kratkaja harakteristika sostojanija prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii za janvar'-dekabr' 2021g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.rf/reports/item/28021552/ (data obrashhenija:03.02.2022).
3. Lavrov S. V. Global'nye problemy kiberbezopasnosti i mezhdunarodnye iniciativy Rossii po bor'be s kiberprestupnost'ju. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://interaffairs.ru/news/show/27585 (data obrashhenija: 03.02.2022).
4. Sarkisjan A. Zh. Prestuplenija v sfere informacionno-telekommunikacionnyh tehnologij: ponjatie i osobennosti // Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo: problemy teorii i praktiki. – 2020. – # 1. – S. 69-74.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Bondar A. G., Teunaev A. S.
The criminal aspect of using certain types of infocommunication tools
This article highlights the use of certain types of information and communication tools by modern criminals that can be used to commit unlawful tort. The authors analyze the current state
of crime in accordance with the qualitative and quantitative indicators of statistics of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
The opinions of domestic scientists on the essence of the problem areas of this scientific work are reasonably cited, as a result of which certain conclusions and proposals are formed, aimed at leveling the criminal influence of cybercrime in general.
Keywords: cybercrime, information tools, internet, network protocols, crime state.
Work bibliographic list
1. Popikov A. A. Kriptovaljuta Bitcoin kak finansovyj instrument virtual'noj jekonomiki // Voprosy innovacionnoj jekonomiki. - 2016. - # 2. - S. 89-106.
2. Tutukov A. Ju., Bondar' A. G. Kriptovaljuta kak instrument dlja sovershenija protivopravnyh deliktov// Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. -2019. - T. 15. - # 5. - S. 277-280.
3. Statistika i analitika: sostojanie prestupnosti.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www.mvd.rf/Deljatelnost/statistics.
4. WHOIS. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/WHOIS.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Voykova N. A.
Phishing and other social engineering techniques as a tool for online fraud
Cybersecurity issues to reduce online fraud are becoming increasingly relevant. Computer technology is rapidly evolving, enabling cybercriminals to find new ways to steal sensitive data and access the funds of individuals.
Keywords: phishing, cybersecurity, confidential information, fraud.
Work bibliographic list
1. Efimova L. G. Cifrovoe pravo v bankovskoj dejatel'nosti: sravnitel'no-pravovoj aspekt: monografija [Tekst] / Otv. red. L. G. Efimova. – M.: Prospekt,2021. – 426 s. – ISBN 978-5-392-32900-7.
2. Rossijskaja Federacija. Zakony. Federal'nyj zakon # 24-FZ «Ob informacii, informatizacii i zashhite informacii» ot 20.02.1995 [Tekst]: [Federal'nyj zakon, prinjat Gosudarstvennoj Dumoj 25 janvarja 1995goda] (utratil silu): Tekst Federal'nogo zakona opublikovan v Sobranii zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 20 fevralja 1995 g. # 8 st. 609.
3. Rossijskaja Federacija. Zakony. Federal'nyj zakon N 149-FZ «Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii» ot 27.07.2006[Tekst]: [Federal'nyj zakon, prinjat gosudarstvennoj Dumoj 8 ijulja 2006 goda: odobren Sovetom Federacii 14 ijulja 2006 goda 9redakcija ot 2 ijulja 2021goda)]: Tekst Federal'nogo zakona opublikovan v Sobranii zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 31 ijulja 2006 g. N 31 (chast' I) st. 3448.
4. Lobel' T. / Teplaja chashka v holodnyj den'. Kak fizicheskie oshhushhenija vlijajut na nashi reshenija.[Tekst]. – M.: Al'pina Pablisher, 2021. – 259 s. –ISBN 978-5-9614-4886-3, 978-1-4516-9913-5, 978-5-9614-4698-2.
5. Kabanov A. S., Los' A. B., Suroev A. V. Metody social'noj inzhenerii v sfere informacionnoj bezopasnosti i protivodejstvie im [Tekst] / Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2015. – # 18. – S. 32-37.
6. Rossijskaja Federacija. Zakony. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: Federal'nyj zakon #63-FZ [Tekst]: [Federal'nyj zakon, prinjat Gosudarstvennoj Dumoj 24 maja 1996 goda: odobren Sovetom Federacii 5 ijunja 1996 goda (redakcija ot
27.12.2019)]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru.
7. OfficialwebsiteWebroot. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.webroot.com/us/en.
8. Central'nyj bank Rossijskoj Federacii / Osnovnye napravlenija razvitija informacionnoj bezopasnosti kreditno-finansovoj sfery na period 2019–2021 godov. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cbr.ru/Content/Document/File/83253/onrib_2021.pdf.
9. Kalatozi D. G. Pravovaja otvetstvennost' v sfere denezhnogo obrashhenija [Tekst] // Finansovoe pravo. –2020. – # 11. – S. 38–40. DOI: 10.18572/1813-1220-2020-11-38-40.
10. Dalgaly T. A. – Kiberkriminologija: vyzovy XXI veka // Rossijskaja justicija. –2020. –# 10. – S. 19-21. Bibliogr.: s. 21 (11 nazv.). - ISSN 0131-6761.
11. Frolova E. E. Novaja jekosistema finansovogo rynka Evropejskogo Sojuza: cifrovizacija i ustojchivost' // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Serija: Juridicheskie nauki. – 2020. – T. 24.– # 3. – S. 673-694.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Guseynov A. A., Karelkin E. N., Shabaev V. V.
On the issue of tactical actions to combat cybercrime
Today, information and communication technologies have undoubtedly become an important part of society’s life. Any illegal interference in their activities can harm not only an individual citizen. In this regard, in the last decade, more and more efforts have been devoted to the fight against cybercrime. The problem of finding new investigative methods and new technologies for training law enforcement officers capable of countering cybercrime is particularly relevant. In this article, we will present, in our opinion, effective proposals of cybersecurity specialists.
Keywords: cybercrime, threat, counteraction, cybersecurity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vystuplenie S. Kuznecova na konferencii «Kiberbezopasnost' i problemy bor'by s novymi vidami kiberprestuplenij». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7SNvwG8oaU8 (data obrashhenija: 10.01.2022).
2. Genprokuratura ob"javila kiberprestupnost' ugrozoj nacbezopasnosti [[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.rbc.ru/rbcfreenews/60ab077d9a79475126c29d4a (data obrashhenija: 10.01.2022).
3. Plenarnoe zasedanie Mezhdunarodnogo kongressa po kiberbezopasnosti. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://alrf.ru/news/plenarnoe-zasedaniemezhdunarodnogo-kongressa-po-kiberbezopasnosti/(data obrashhenija: 11.06.2021).
4. Putin slovami «my ne uspevaem» ob"jasnil rost chisla prestuplenij v IT. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.rbc.ru/politics/03/03/2021/603f6ae59a7947b29b0e9b18 (data obrashhenija: 10.06.2021).
5. Falaleev M. V Peterburge obsudili novye sposoby bor'by s kiberprestupnost'ju [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://rg.ru/2021/06/03/regszfo/v-peterburge-obsudili-novye-sposoby-borby-skiberprestupnostiu.html (data obrashhenija: 08.06.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Davletov V. I., Milyutin R. V., Zhabkin A. S.
Analysis of the criminal-legal characteristics of official crimes on the example of Article 293 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
In the article, the authors consider the problems of criminal liability of officials, namely employees of the bodies of inquiry during the preliminary investigation. A differentiated special element in this article is a special subject of the crime. It is important to distinguish the composition of negligence from other official crimes within the framework of Russian criminal law, a special subject is a special object of a number of relevant types of criminal encroachments.
Keywords: negligence, inquiry staff, form of guilt, police officer.
Work bibliographic list
1. Murtazin A. I., Prestupnost' sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del // Vestnik Ufimskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2017. - # 1 (75). - S. 48-51.
2. Davletov V. I. Ocenka faktora riska pri prinjatii upravlencheskih reshenij, V sbornike: Sovershenstvovanie metodologii poznanija v celjah razvitija nauki. // Sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - 2019. - S. 133-135.
3. Ugolovnyj Kodeks RF: Federal'nyj zakon ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ.
4. O sudebnoj praktike po delam o vzjatochnichestve i ob inyh korrupcionnyh prestuplenijah: Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 09.07.2013 # 24.
5. Gusejnov A. A., Puti povyshenija jeffektivnosti dejatel'nosti sotrudnikov policii v uslovijah optimizacii kadrovyh resursov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2016. - # 5 (96). - S. 247-248.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Zakharova S. S., Kuzmin S. S., Lakeev A. A.
Criminal law opposition to the spread of COVID-19
The authors, understanding the state of emergency associated with the spread of COVID-19, attempted to analyze the possibility of criminal legal resistance to its spread. To this end, the article identifies the most common socially dangerous acts committed in pandemic conditions, and from the point of view of the current criminal law, possible options for their qualification are identified.
Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, criminal legislation, administrative legislation, sanitary and epidemiological rules, imitation of vaccination, falsification of certificates.
Work bibliographic list
1. Den' nauki: o dostizhenijah rossijskih uchenyh //Rossijskaja gazeta. – 9.02.2022 goda.
2. Kuz'min S. S. Vosprepjatstvovanie kak forma obshhestvenno opasnogo povedenija: ponjatie, priznaki, sistema prestuplenij (postanovka problemy) // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2021. – # 4. – 511 s.
3. Kuz'min S. S. Ugolovno-pravovaja harakteristika i osobennosti konstruirovanija sostavov prestuplenij, svjazannyh s vosprepjatstvovaniem //Jekonomika, upravlenie, pravo, obrazovanie v HHI veke: problemy, tendencii i perspektivy razvitija / materialy V11 Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, 20 maja 2021 g.– M.: Izd. ChOUVO «MU im. S. Ju. Vitte», 2021.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Ossama Qadi E. A., Manna Ammar Abdul Karim (A.A.K. Manna)
Trends in combating information technology fraud
Purpose(Object): to reveal the main trends in the fight against fraud committed using information technology.
Methods: The study used a universal dialectical (philosophical) method, general scientific and private scientific methods of cognition.
Findings: Problems of general and special prevention of frauds committed with the use of information and telecommunication technologies, for their resolution, cause an urgent need for the creation of specialized divisions of the internal affairs bodies to counter
cybercrimes, including at the district level, since it is such a structure is focused on effective counteraction to cyber fraud, while the existing one acts as a tool for temporary resolution of the difficulties that have arisen by means of adaptation and imitation of activities.
Reorientation of internal affairs bodies on the importance of victimological prevention of frauds committed using information technologies, concentration of main efforts on compensation for damage to victims (cancellation of transactions, seizure of property, including to current accounts, return of stolen assets, etc.) regardless of whether the offender is prosecuted or not, it will create conditions for the economic disadvantage of committing this category of crimes.
Conclusions: The necessity of legislative consolidation of the criteria for classifying a program as malicious and posing a threat to society has been identified. The expediency of making additions to Ch. 29 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, including in the disposition of criminal acts an indication of the method of committing “... through the use of information and communication networks.”
Keywords: fraud, cybercrimes, information technology, cyber fraud.
Work bibliographic list
1. Buz S.I. Kiberprestuplenija: ponjatie, sushhnost' i obshhaja harakteristika // Jurist"-Pravoved". – 2019.– # 4 (91). – S. 78-82.
2. Gonchar V.V. Otdel'nye aspekty rassledovanija kiberprestuplenij v finansovo-kreditnoj sfere //Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. –2020. – # 1. – S. 86-90.
3. Lopatina T.M. Preodolenie protivorechij kriminologicheskoj teorii i norm ugolovnogo prava na primere komp'juternyh prestuplenij // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2018. – # 9. – S. 57-60.
4. Lopashenko N.A. Komp'juternoe moshennichestvo -novoe slovo v ponimanii hishhenija ili oshibka zakonodatelja? / Pod red. O. A. Kuznecovoj, V.G. Golubcova, G.Ja. Borisevich, L.V. Borovyh, Ju.V. Vasil'evoj, S.G. Mihajlova, S.B. Poljakova, A.S. Telegina, T.V. Shershen' // Permskij juridicheskij al'manah. Ezhegodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. – 2019. – # 1. – S. 598-609.
5. Oganov A.A. Operativno-rozysknaja harakteristika kiberprestuplenij s ispol'zovaniem informacionno-telekommunikacionnyh setej // Vestnik jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti. – 2019. – # 1. – S. 169-173.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Komissarov A. E.
The meaning (role) of the principles of openness and publicity in the process of preventing bribery in educational institutions of higher education in Russia
The paper considers the need to comply with the principles of openness and publicity by educational institutions of higher education in Russia. The significance (role) of these principles in the process of preventing corruption and its main element of bribery in the field of higher education is revealed, relevant comments and proposals are made to improve the regulatory legal documents in the area under study.
Keywords: the principle of openness, the principle of publicity, corruption, bribery, educational organizations of higher education, counteraction, prevention, crime, etc.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ozhegov S.I., Shvedova N.Ju. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka. 4-oe izdanie. - M.: OOO «A TEMP», 2006. - 944s.
2. Lajchenkova N.N., Minaeva N.O. Realizacija principa glasnosti v sfere obrazovanija: novoe v zakonodatel'stve // Informacionnaja bezopasnost' regionov.- 2014. - # 1 (14). - S. 92-94. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/realizatsiya-printsipa-glasnosti-v-sfere-obrazovaniyanovoe-
v-zakonodatelstve, svobodnyj (data obrashhenija 27.01.2022).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Magomedova A. I., Bilalov B. A.
The subjective side of a knowingly false denunciation
Effective protection of the individual, society and the state from socially dangerous encroachment is ensured not only by the establishment of appropriate criminal law prohibitions, but also by regulating the lawful infliction of harm during protection from socially dangerous encroachments, the detention of persons who have committed socially dangerous acts, and the elimination of danger. This ensures the implementation of the provisions of Part 2 of Article 45 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, according to which everyone has the right to protect their rights and freedoms in all ways not prohibited by law. The article examines in detail the subjective side of the corpus delicti “deliberately false denunciation”. A detailed description of all the signs of the subjective side of this corpus delicti is given. Attention is drawn to some non-standard issues that arise during the qualification of this crime.
Keywords: knowingly false denunciation, defamatory information, reputation, identity, statement about the commission of a crime.
Work bibliographic list
1. Galahova A.V. Voprosy kvalifikacii prestuplenij v ugolovnom prave po priznakam sub"ektivnoj storony// Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2010. - # 18. - S. 13-14.
2. Degtjareva N.I. K voprosu o predmete prestuplenij protiv pravosudija, svjazannyh s fal'sifikaciej i sokrytiem dokazatel'stv // Obshhestvo i pravo. -2009. - # 5. - S. 13.
3. Denisov S.A. Sub"ektivnaja storona zavedomo lozhnogo donosa // Ugolovnoe pravo. - 2010. - # 3. - S. 15.
4. Kalashnikov B.C. Vozmozhen li otkaz v vozbuzhdenii ugolovnogo dela po prestuplenijam protiv pravosudija // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2010. - #2 (71). - S. 187.
5. Kuznecov A. Otvetstvennost' za zavedomo lozhnyj donos // Sovetskaja justicija. - 1969. - # 23. - S. 23.
6. Kozlov A.P. Ponjatie prestuplenija. - SPb.: Izd-vo «Juridicheskij centr Press», 2004. - S. 91-96.
7. Nikiforov B.S. Sub"ektivnaja storona v «formal'nyh» prestuplenijah // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. - 1971. - # 3. - S. 117.
8. Popov N.A. Prinuzhdenie k dache pokazanij: kvalifikacija i preduprezhdenie: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. - Omsk, 2001. - S. 136.
9. Rashkovskaja Sh.S. Prestuplenija protiv pravosudija: Uchebnoe posobie. - M.: Izd-vo VJuZI, 1978. - S. 11.
10. Sidorin N.M. Nekotorye voprosy otvetstvennosti za zavedomo lozhnyj donos // Aktual'nye voprosy realizacii ugolovnoj otvetstvennosti. Mezhvuzovskij sbornik statej. - Kujbyshev, 1988. - S. 73.
11. Fatkullina M., Ostroveckaja Ju. Problemy kvalifikacii prestuplenija, predusmotrennogo st. 134 UK RF // Ugolovnoe pravo. - 2009. - # 5. - S. 97.
12. Han-Magomedov D.O. Otvetstvennost' za zavedomo lozhnyj donos // Sovetskaja justicija. - 1964. - # 4. - S. 19.
13. Habibullin M.H. Otvetstvennost' za zavedomo lozhnyj donos i zavedomo lozhnoe pokazanie po sovetskomu ugolovnomu pravu. - Kazan', 1975. - S. 57.
14. Chuchaev A.I. Prestuplenija protiv pravosudija: Nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij. - Ul'janovsk: Izd-vo «Dom Pechati», 1997. - S. 45.
15. Chel'cov M. Spornye voprosy uchenija o prestuplenii// Socialisticheskaja zakonnost'. - 1947. - # 4. - S. 8-9.
16. Habibullin M.H. Otvetstvennost' za zavedomo lozhnyj donos i zavedomo lozhnoe pokazanie po sovetskomu ugolovnomu pravu. - Kazan', 1975. - S. 59.
17. Habibullin M.H. Vina, motiv i cel' zavedomo lozhnogo donosa // Socialisticheskaja zakonnost'. - 1974.- # 7. - S. 58-59.
18. Fedorov A.V. Prestuplenija protiv pravosudija (voprosy istorii, ponjatija i klassifikacii). - Kaluga: Izd-vo AKF «Politop», 2004. - S. 149.
19. Fargiev I. Zavedomo lozhnyj donos (aktual'nye voprosy sudebnoj praktiki) // Ugolovnoe pravo. -2007. - # 5. - S. 61-65.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Manukyan A. R.
Aspects of criminal liability for failure to perform parental duties
Recently, the issue of parental rights and responsibilities has become highly relevant among the public. You can often hear in the media that the number of parents deprived of parental rights is increasing. In analyzing the main aspects of criminal liability of parents who do not properly perform their parental duties, the author identified a number of properties that make up the crime. The author of the article identifies the dependence of the rights and obligations of parents in the system of family relations, emphasizing duties as a factor in the protection of the most vulnerable family members.
Keywords: criminal law, corpus delicti, liability, improper, education, duties.
Work bibliographic list
1. Semejnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 29.12.1995 # 223-FZ (red. ot 04.02.2021, s izm. Ot 02.07.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS «Konsul'tantPljus».
2. Rossijskaja Federacija. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. -02.07.2020. - # 1. - St. 4398.
3. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) (s izm. I dop., vstup. v silu s 22.08.2021). [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: «Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Osobennaja chast': uchebnik / Pod red. F. R. Sundurova, M. V. Talan. - M.:Statut, 2012. - 943 s.
5. Akiev A. R., Fisenko D. Ju. Problemy kvalifikacii neispolnenija objazannostej po vospitaniju nesovershennoletnego i napravlenija sovershenstvovanija normy, predusmotrennoj stat'ej 156 UK RF // Vestnik Sibirskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. Pravo. - 2019. - # 4. - S. 31-38.
6. Prozumentov L. M. Ugolovno-pravovaja harakteristika prestuplenija, predusmotrennogo st. 156 UK RF // Ugolovnaja justicija. - Pravo. - 2019. - # 14.- S. 21-24.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Magomedov B. G., Demirov K. K.
Modern problems of using special knowledge in the detection and investigation of crimes
The article studies the problems of using of special cognition in revealing and investigation of crimes, which are used by special procedural subjects possessing them, namely experts and specialists; the term “special cognition” widely discussed in criminalistics scientific literature, their use in practice and in criminal proceedings is analyzed, the importance of addressing these problems, to improve revealing and investigation of crimes by means of special cognition is substantiated.
Keywords: special knowledge, expert, specialist, investigation, detection, crime, knowledge.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ajvazova O. V. Zakljuchenie specialista kak specificheskaja raznovidnost' realizacii special'nyh znanij pri rassledovanii po ugolovnym delam: nekotorye diskussionnye voprosy // Jurist"-Pravoved". - 2017. - # 4 (83).[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 20.06.2021).
2. Aminev F. G. Ob integracii special'nyh znanij v sudebnoj jekspertize // Sovremennye problemy otechestvennoj kriminalistiki i perspektivy ee razvitija: Sbornik nauchnyh statej po materialam Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem), posvjashhennoj 20-letiju kafedry kriminalistiki. Otvetstvennyj redaktor G. M. Meretukov. - Krasnodar, 2019.
3. Kuchin O. S., Gavrilin Ju. V. Tendencii i problemy v razvitii sovremennoj rossijskoj kriminalistiki // Akademicheskaja mysl'. - 2020. - # 4.
4. Starova A. V. Ispol'zovanie special'nyh poznanij pri proizvodstve po ugolovnomu delu //Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. - 2019. - # 10-2.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Marianov A. A., Mirzaev Z. M., Mirzaeva Z. Z.
Peculiarities of the personality of a juvenile delinquent
This article is devoted to the criminological features of the personality of juvenile offenders. The influence of social environment factors on the formation and formation of the personality of juvenile offenders is considered. The social picture of juvenile delinquency is reviewed.
Keywords: juvenile delinquency, personality of juvenile delinquent, criminogenic causes of social sphere, moral and psychological characteristics of the personality of a juvenile.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bel'skij A. I., Jagodin R. S. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika lichnosti nesovershennoletnego prestupnika// Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2015. – # 15. – S. 48-50.
2. Drozdov T. M. Klassifikacija neblagoprijatnyh uslovij semejnogo vospitanija v formirovanii lichnosti nesovershennoletnego pravonarushitelja (po materialam kriminologicheskogo issledovanija v g. Krasnodare) // Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2012. – # 23.
3. Kamarnickij A. V. Strukturnye osobennosti lichnosti nesovershennoletnego prestupnika. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.superinf.ru/view_helpstud.php?id=897 (data obrashhenija: 26.11.2014).
4. Orlova Ju. R. Osnovnye prichiny i uslovija, sposobstvujushhie soversheniju prestuplenij nesovershennoletnimi v vospitatel'nyh kolonijah // Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema: pravo, jekonomika, upravlenie. – 2015. – # 3. – S. 26-30.
5. Orlova Ju. R., Guseva O. N. Kriminologicheskie osobennosti lichnosti nesovershennoletnih zhenskogo pola, sovershivshih korystno-nasil'stvennye prestuplenija // Juridicheskaja psihologija. – 2008. – # 4.
6. Terent'eva V. A., Razzorenova I. N. Realizacija principov ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva pri osvobozhdenii nesovershennoletnih ot ugolovnogo nakazanija //Rossijskij sledovatel'. – 2018. – # 11. – S. 42-45.
7. Hismatullin R. S., Habibova A. R. Neobhodimost' ucheta sudom nravstvenno-psihologicheskih i vozrastnyh osobennostej sovremennyh nesovershennoletnih podsudimyh – garantija real'nogo obespechenija prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina // Voprosy juvenal'noj justicii. – 2015. – # 2. – S. 14-16.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Semchenkov I. P., Sorokin I. S., Burdeyny V. V.
The object of the crime: public relations or possibility?
The article checks the validity of the statement that the object of certain types of crimes are public relations. The arguments and counterarguments of the theory of the object of crime as a social relationship are analyzed in detail, the historical aspects of its origin are considered.
Based on the results of the conducted research, it is concluded that the recognition of public relations as the object of a crime is unjustified and it is shown that the recognition of public relations between people as the object of a criminal act is very promising, not social relations between people, but certain social opportunities of individuals and legal entities.
Keywords: possibility, the object of the crime, social relations, social connection, rule of law, legal relationship, subjective law, human rights.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andreeva I.N. Obshhestvennye otnoshenija // Novejshij filosofskij slovar'. – Mn.: Izd. V.M. Skakun,– 1998. – S. 483.
2. Drozdov A.V. Chelovek i obshhestvennye otnoshenija. –LGU, 1966. – 124 s.
3. Dryzhenko D.B., Semchenkov I.P. Prestuplenija. sovershit' kotorye nevozmozhno // Vestnik Kaliningradskogo filiala Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2017. – # 1 (47). – S. 7-11.
4. Kelle V.Zh. Rol' sub"ektivnogo faktora v sovershenstvovanii socialisticheskih obshhestvennyh otnoshenij // Filosofskie nauki. – 1968. – # 1. – S. 15-17.
5. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (postatejnyj) / A.V. Brilliantov, G.D. Dolzhenkova, Ja.E. Ivanova i dr.; pod red. A.V. Brilliantova. – M., Prospekt, 2010. – 1392 s.
6. Korzhanskij N.I. Ob"ekt i predmet ugolovno-pravovoj ohrany [Predisl. V. N. Kudrjavceva]. – M.:Akad. MVD SSSR, 1980. – 248 s.
7. Lenin V.I. Poln. sobr. soch. T.1. / In-t marksizmaleninizma pri CK KPSS. - 5-e izd. – Moskva: Gospolitizdat, 1958. – XXIV. – 662 s.
8. Marks K. i Jengel's F. Soch. T. 23. 2-e izd. – Moskva:Gospolitizdat, 1954. – 630 s.
9. Marks K. i Jengel's F. Soch. T. 39. 2-e izd. – Moskva:Gospolitizdat, 1955. – 640 s.
10. Minenkov G.Ja. Obshhestvenno-jekonomicheskaja formacija / // Novejshij filosofskij slovar'. – Mn.:Izd. V.M. Skakun, 1998. – S. 482.
11. Nikiforov B.S. Ob"ekt prestuplenija po sovetskomu ugolovnomu pravu. – Moskva: Gosjurizdat, 1960. – 229 s.
12. Piontkovskij A.A. Ugolovnoe pravo RSFSR. Chast' Obshhaja. Institut sovetskogo prava. Gosudarstv. izd-vo. – M., 1924. – 239 s.
13. Piontkovskij A.A. Uchenie o prestuplenii po sovetskomu ugolovnomu pravu. – M., 1961. – 666 s.
14. Semchenkov I.P. Ob"ekt prestuplenija: social'no-filosofskie i metodologicheskie aspekty problemy: dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Moskva, 2003. – 192 s.
15. Semchenkov I.P. Ob"ekt prestuplenij, sovershaemyh v sfere sobljudenija sub"ektivnyh prav i prav cheloveka // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2022. – # 1 (164) – S. 277-282.
16. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: uchebnik /Kol. avt.; otv. red. A.V. Mal'ko. 2-e izd., ster. – M.: KNORUS, 2007.– 400 s.
17. Frolov E.A. Ob"ekt ugolovno-pravovoj ohrany i ego rol' v organizacii bor'by s posjagatel'stvami na socialisticheskuju sobstvennost': dis. ... doktora juridicheskih nauk. – Sverdlovsk, 1971. – 613 s.
18. Hrestomatija po istorii otechestvennogo gosudarstva i prava 1917-1991 godov. – M.: «Zercalo», 1997.– 591 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Taova L. Yu., Tolgurova Z. H.
Article 106 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation as an object of criminological research
In contents of article the analysis of murder of the newborn child by mother as object of the criminological research which is destructively influencing development of the public and moral relations, and also discredit of criminal influence is made. The article presents an analysis of statistical data, as well as the peculiarities of solving the problem of infanticide and the need to study the identity of a woman who committed a crime when conducting a criminological characteristic of a criminal act.
Keywords: criminological research, crime, composition, murder of a newborn, destructive influence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63 FZ (red. ot 30.12.2021) // SZ RF. -1996. - # 25. - St. 2954.
2. Kriminologija uchebnik dlja studentov vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij, obuchajushhihsja po napravleniju «Jurisprudencija» / M. P. Klejmjonov. - 3-e izd.,pererab. i dop. - Moskva: Norma: INFRA-M, 2018.– 399 s.
3. Danilova M. Ju. Ugolovno-pravovaja i kriminologicheskaja harakteristika ubijstva mater'ju novorozhdennogo rebenka M. Ju.Danilova // Molodoj uchenyj. Jurisprudencija. - 2018. - # 38 (224). - S.114–116.
4. Analiz statistiki ubijstv novorozhdennyh i raboty bjebi-boksov v Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs].- Rezhim dostupa: https://rvs.su/statia/analiz-statistikiubiystv-novorozhdennyh-i-raboty-bebi-boksov-vrossii (data obrashhenija: 28. 01.2022).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Ushchekin S. N.
Improving criminal legislation providing for liability for organizing a criminal community (criminal organization) or participation in it (her)
The article conducts a study of the current criminal legislation, statistical data and the opinions of scientists in order to identify problematic issues in the current legal acts, and in order to find the best ways to solve the identified problematic issues.
An analysis and analytical comparison of the Russian legislation and the legislation of foreign countries is carried out in order to make well-reasoned proposals to eliminate the shortcomings of the criminal legislation in force on the territory of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: criminal law, criminal community, criminal organization, improvement, organization of a criminal community, participation in a criminal community.
Work bibliographic list
1. General'naja prokuratura Rossijskoj Federacii, portal pravovoj statistiki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://crimestat.ru (data obrashhenija: 01.02.2022).
2. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii / Otv. red. A. I. Rarog. – 10-e izd. – M.:Prospekt, 2015. – S. 113.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Osadchaya N. G.
Forced labor and re-socialization of prisoners: problems and prospects
The article examines the potential of forced labor in the resocialization of convicts, shows the influence of the conditions of serving this sentence on the adaptation of convicts to further life in a free society. The author analyzes the problems of the use of forced labor in modern Russia, makes proposals for improving the legal regulation of their use. The article substantiates the conclusion that the employment of convicts to forced labor turns from a means of educational and correctional influence into a means of self-realization of the convict, giving him the opportunity to ensure a full-fledged lifestyle in society.
Keywords: forced labor, criminal law, punishment, resocialization, correctional center.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bagreeva E. G. Sociokul'turnye osnovy resocializacii prestupnikov: Dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk. – M., 2001.
2. Agashkov E. I. Ispravlenie osuzhdennogo kak cel' ugolovnogo nakazanija v vide prinuditel'nyh rabot// Bezopasnost' biznesa. – 2018. – # 2. – S. 35-39.
3. Rarog A. I. Problemy penalizacii: zakonodatel'nye oshibki i sposoby ih preodolenija // Ugolovnoe pravo. – 2021. – # 3 (127). – S. 34-38.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Petrova G. O.
War is a crime against humanity
The article is devoted to one of the destructive phenomena for humanity, from which all civilized states are protected not only by the army and navy, but also by the current criminal legislation. The criminal law prohibitions of war in France, Norway, Germany, Spain, Japan and Russia are considered. A comparative analysis of the criminal legislation of Russia and foreign countries has been carried out. The opinions of scientists devoted to the classification of crimes against the peace and security of mankind are given. Proposals have been made to improve the current criminal legislation. The author notes that Russia is implementing a national policy related to the rejection of war.
Keywords: crimes against humanity, criminal law prohibitions of war.
Work bibliographic list
1. Golik Ju. V. Ugolovnoe zakonodatel'stvo Norvegii.– SPb.: Juridicheskij centr Press, 2003. – 120 s.
2. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii / Pod red. V. T. Tomina, V. V. Sverchkova. -M.: Jurajt, 2013. – 970 s.
3. Nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij k ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii. – N. Novgorod: Nomos, 1996. – 401 s.
4. Ozhegov S. I. Slovar' russkogo jazyka. – M.: Mir i Obrazovanie, 2008. – 1200 s.
5. Rezoljucija General'noj Assamblei OON ot 14 dekabrja 1974 g. – M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1982.– 239 s.
6. Sbornik dejstvujushhih dogovorov. Vypusk V. – M.:Izdanie NKID, 1930. – 317 s.
7. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii: Uchebnik dlja bakalavrov / Pod red. A. I. Rarog. – M.: Prospekt, 2013. – 484 s.
8. Ugolovnyj kodeks Ispanii ot 23.11.1995 g. / Pod red. N. F. Kuznecovoj, F. M. Reshetnikova. – M.: Zercalo, 1996. – 219 s.
9. UK Francii. Novyj ugolovnyj kodeks Francii. –M.: Juridicheskij kolledzh MGU, 1993. – 650 s.
10. Ugolovnyj kodeks FRG. – M.: Juridicheskij kolledzh MGU, 1996. – 202 s.
11. Ugolovnyj kodeks Japonii / Pod red. A. I. Korobeeva. – Vladivostok: Izdatel'stvo Dal'nevostochnogo universiteta, 2000. – 132 s.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Eremina A. A., Perezhogina G. V.
On the question of the qualification of an attempted robbery: theoretical and practical Problems
In the theory of criminal law, the issue of the possibility of imputation of attempted robbery is debatable. In judicial and investigative practice, there is also no consensus on this issue, since diametrically opposed positions are expressed and supported. The point of view existing in the doctrine, according to which attempted robbery is possible, is controversial and, in our opinion, incorrect and is also not supported by the majority of scientists. In this paper, we will consider the arguments given by supporters of the existence of an attempted robbery and draw our own conclusions.
Keywords: robbery, attempted robbery, preparation, attack, factual error, violence dangerous to life and health.
Work bibliographic list
1. Blagov E.V. Primenenie ugolovnogo prava (teorija i praktika). SPb.: Jurid. centr Press, 2004. 505 s.
2. Vladimirov V.A., Ljapunov Ju.I. Otvetstvennost' za korystnye posjagatel'stva na socialisticheskuju sobstvennost'. M.: Jurid. lit., 1986. 224 s.
3. Gordienko P.S. Nekotorye aspekty ugolovno-pravovoj harakteristiki i problem kvalifikacii razboja // Molodjozh' i aktual'nye problemy sovremennoj nauki. 2018. S. 92-94.
4. Epifanov B.V. Problemy modernizacii ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva, predusmatrivajushhego otvetstvennost' za prestuplenija protiv sobstvennosti:razboj // Ugolovnoe zakonodatel'stvo: vchera, segodnja, zavtra (pamjati professora S.F. Kravcova). 2017. S. 68-73.
5. Zharenova E.A. Razboj, sovershennyj s primeneniem oruzhija: voprosy kvalifikacii // Vestnik MIU. 2018. # 1 (146). S. 23-26.
6. Ivanova L.V., Kalashnikov N.A. Oshibki v kvalifikacii razboja kak usechjonnogo sostava prestuplenija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2020. # 2(141). S. 276-278.
7. Kaplan E.I. Vozmozhen li razboj bez napadenija? (spornyj vopros kvalifikacii) // Soc. zakonnost'. 1990. # 12. S. 55-56.
8. Karaketov Ju.M. Otvetstvennost' za razboj po ugolovnomu zakonodatel'stvu Uzbekskoj SSR. Tashkent:Nukus, 1990. 164 s.
9. Konovalova A.A. Grabezh i razboj kak formy hishhenija chuzhogo imushhestva // Juridicheskij fakt. 2018. # 23. S.8-10.
10. Koreckij V.P. «Usechennye» sostavy: k voprosu o protivorechijah s ugolovnym zakonom // Vestnik Habarovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta jekonomiki i prava. 2016. # 1 (81). S. 118-123.
11. Kochoi S. Razboj (nekotorye voprosy kvalifikacii) // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2000. # 2. S. 28-30.
12. Nikiforov B.S. Ugolovno-pravovaja ohrana lichnoj sobstvennosti v SSSR. M.: AN SSSR, 1954. 156 s.
13. Podgajn Ju.A. Napadenie v konstrukcii sostava razboja // Sovremennye problemy bor'by s prestupnost'ju: perspektivy i puti reshenija. 2018.S. 141-144.
14. 14. Redin M.P. Razboj (ponjatie, konstrukcija sostava) // Sovremennoe pravo. 2007. # 10. S. 96-104.
15. Rylov K.V. Nekotorye voprosy kvalifikacii neokonchennyh prestuplenij // Uchjonye trudy Rossijskoj Akademii advokatury i notariata. 2012. # 3(26). S. 107-111.
16. Hanova I.V. Razboj: ugolovno-pravovoj analiz //Luchshaja nauchnaja stat'ja 2018, sbornik statej HH Mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo konkursa. 2018. S. 64-67.
17. Cheljabova Z.M. Voprosy razgranichenija nasil'stvennogo grabezha i razboja: problemy kvalifikacii //Monitoring pravoprimenenija. 2018. # 2 (27).S. 63-66.
18. Shaljugina E.S. Vlijanie tehniko-juridicheskoj konstrukcii normy ob otvetstvennosti za razboj na jeffektivnost' ee pravoprimenenija // Juridicheskaja tehnika. 2012. # 6. S. 672-674.
19. Shaljugina E.S. Otgranichenie razboja ot smezhnyh sostavov // Innovacionnoe razvitie nauki i obrazovanija sbornik statej III Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2018. S. 127-130.
20. Sharapov R.D. Fizicheskoe nasilie v ugolovnom prave. SPb.: Jurid. centr Press, 2001. 298 s.
21. Shljahin F.V. Osobennosti ocenki psihicheskogo nasilija i opredelenija momenta okonchanija razbojnogo napadenija // ChELOVEK: prestuplenie i nakazanie. 2012. # 2 (77). S. 37-40.
22. Jani P.S. Voprosy kvalifikacii razboja. Stat'ja pervaja // Zakonnost'. 2015. # 9 (971). S. 45-50.
23. Jani P.S. Voprosy kvalifikacii razboja. Stat'ja vtoraja // Zakonnost'. 2015. # 10 (972). S. 34-39.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Badamshin I. D., litvina A. V., Kuliev I. B.
On the essence and content of the purposes of punishment in modern criminal law of Russia
For many centuries, the state has sought to unify punishments for crimes, and therefore pursued specific goals at a certain stage of development. Today, as the implementation of this institution improves and the legal system of the state is modernized, the goals of criminal punishment in Russia are also subject to rethinking.
The article analyzes the essence and content of the goals of criminal punishment within the framework of the current legislation and their possible alternative replacement with functions.
Keywords: criminal law, purposes of punishment, convict, correction, prevention, functions of punishment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Shestakov D. A. Ot ponjatija prestupnosti k kriminologii zakona // Obshhestvennye nauki i sovremennost'. – 2008. – # 6. – S. 139-140.
2. Novaja filosofskaja jenciklopedija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://iphlib.ru/library/collection/newphilenc/page/about (data obrashhenija:28.01.2022).
3. Beljaev N. A. Celi ispravlenija i sredstva ih dostizhenija v ispravitel'no-trudovyh uchrezhdenijah.– L.: LGU. 1963. – S. 259.
4. Ugolovnoe pravo Rossii. Obshhaja chast': uchebnik / Pod red. V. P. Revina. – M.: Justicinform. 2016. –S. 219.
5. Smirnov L. B. Kriminologicheskie problemy ugolovnogo nakazanija v vide lishenija svobody: korrekcija celepolaganija, principov i realizacii //Kriminologija: vchera, segodnja, zavtra. – 2017. – # 1(44). – S. 47-52.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Biysoltanov A., Tailova A. G.
Causes and conditions of violent crime against the individual and directions for its prevention
The article studies and analyzes the causes of violent crime against the person. New directions and forms of targeted counteraction to violent crime are proposed. The direction of the study of violent crime against the individual is to analyze the impact of violent crime on criminogenic situations arising in connection with the commission of murders, grievous bodily harm, hooliganism, rape and other violent crimes, the analysis of the causal complex and conditions contributing to them. Such an analysis will allow us to get an idea of the state, dynamics and structure of violent crime against the individual, to conduct a detailed analysis of the data obtained, which will contribute to the identification of factors affecting the situation with violent crime against the individual.
Keywords: violent crime, countering violent crime, criminal law, crime prevention.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kuznecova N. F. Problemy kriminologicheskoj determinacii / Pod red. V. N. Kudrjavceva. — M.:Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo universiteta, 2016. —S. 256
2. Luneev V. V: Lichnost' prestupnika v kriminologii. — M.: Volters Kluver, 2012. — S. 44.
3. Vardanjan A. V. Nasil'stvennaja prestupnost' i eepreduprezhdenie. — M.: JuNITI-DANA 2016. —S. 78.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Guseynov A. A., Karelkin E. N., Shabaev V. V.
The concept of cybercrime
Ten years ago, cybercrimes did not have such a scale capable of harming a large number of people as they do today. With the constant development of information and communication technologies, with the growth of electronic commerce, various kinds of online services, the number of cybercrimes is growing, as these IT achievements are actively used by criminals. In this regard, more and more efforts are being given to the fight against cybercrime. We point out that there is no such term in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation yet: chapter 28 of the Criminal Code is devoted to crimes «in the field of computer information». In this regard, experts from various fields of science are trying to define the concept of cybercrime. In this article we will give an overview of opinions about the type of crime under consideration.
Keywords: crime, cybercrime, concept, cybersecurity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Buz S. I. Kiberprestuplenija: ponjatie, sushhnost' i obshhaja harakteristika // Jurist"-Pravoved". - 2019.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/kiberprestupleniya-ponyatiesuschnost-i-obschaya-harakteristika (data obrashhenija:06.01.2022).
2. Vystuplenie S. Kuznecova na konferencii «Kiberbezopasnost' i problemy bor'by s novymi vidami kiberprestuplenij». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7SNvwG8oaU8 (data obrashhenija: 10.01.2022).
3. Glotina I. M. Kiberprestupnost' kak tenevoj biznes // Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2016. - # 6 (388). Jekonomicheskie nauki. Vyp. 53. - S. 51-57. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/
kiberprestupnost-kak-tenevoy-biznes (data obrashhenija: 25.01.2022).
4. Zigmunt O. A., Petrovskij A. V. Kiber-i internet-prestupnost' v Germanii i Rossii: vozmozhnosti sravnitel'nogo issledovanija // Juridicheskaja nauka i pravoohranitel'naja praktika. – 2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/kiber-i-internet-prestupnost-v-germanii-irossii-vozmozhnosti-sravnitelnogo-issledovaniya (data obrashhenija: 05.01.2022).
5. Karpova D. N. Kiberprestupnost': global'naja problema i ee reshenie // Vlast'. – 2014. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/kiberprestupnost-globalnaya-problema-i-eereshenie(data obrashhenija: 05.01.2022).
6. Nomokonov V. A., Tropina T. L. Kiberprestupnost' kak novaja kriminal'naja ugroza // Kriminologija. Vchera. Segodnja. Zavtra. - 2012. - # 1 (24). - S. 47.
7. Trofimceva S. Ju. Problema vydelenija definicij bazovyh terminov pri analize kiberprestupnosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2017.- # 7 (110). - S. 75-77.
8. Fedorovich V. Ju. Chto takoe «kiberprestuplenie»?// Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii.- 2020. - # 3. - S. 15-17. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/chtotakoe-kiberprestuplenie (data obrashhenija: 20.01.2022).
9. Cimbal V. N., Kljuev S. G. Ponjatie kiberprestuplenija i ego soderzhatel'naja chast'. // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. - 2021. - S. 129-132.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ponyatie-kiberprestupleniyai-
ego-soderzhatelnaya-chast (data obrashhenija:20.01.2022).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Nikiforov I. A.
Criminal punishment in the form of restriction of freedom: legislative and law enforcement problems
The article analyzes the problems of imposing by the courts of the Russian Federation a criminal punishment, alternative to deprivation of liberty, in the form of restriction of freedom. The judicial practice of imposing this punishment is criticized. The so-called “gaps” in its application are given. Appropriate changes and additions to the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation are proposed.
Keywords: punishment, restriction of freedom, convict, penitentiary inspection, crime, electronic monitoring, unserved part of punishment, search, evasion.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 29.04.2021 #1138-r «O Koncepcii razvitija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii do 2030goda». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:SPS Konsul'tantPljus (data obrashhenija: 7.11.2021).ISCIENCE.IN.UA «Aktual'nye nauchnye issledovanija v sovremennom mire». – Vypusk 10(78), ch. 13.
2. Federal'nyj zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27.12.2009 g. # 377-FZ «O vnesenii izmenenij v otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s vvedeniem v dejstvie polozhenij Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii i Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii o nakazanii v vide ogranichenija svobody» (s izm. ot 07.12.2011 g.) // SZ RF. – 2009. – # 52 (ch. 1).- St. 6453.
3. Rossijskaja Federacija. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63- FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021) // «Sobranie zakonodatel'stva». –17.06.1996. – # 25. – St. 2954.
4. Ugolovnoe pravo zarubezhnyh gosudarstv. Obshhaja chast': ucheb. posobie / pod red. I. D. Kozochkina. – M.:Omega-L, 2003.
5. Pervye jelektronnye braslety zarabotajut v Moskve uzhe vesnoj // Tjur'ma i zhizn' za reshetkoj. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://tyurma.com.
6. Zarembinskaja E., Udodenko A., Grjaznov S. Jelektronnyj monitoring podkontrol'nyh lic: praktika, problemy, perspektivy // Prestuplenie i nakazanie. – 2014. –# 3. – S. 6-9.
7. Chelovek i tjur'ma. Sb. informacionnyh materialov / Sost. V. Abramkin. – M., 1998. – S. 44.
8. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 22.12.2015 # 58 (red. ot 18.12.2018) «O praktike naznachenija sudami Rossijskoj Federacii ugolovnogo nakazanija». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: SPS Konsul'tantPljus (data obrashhenija:7.11.2021).
9. Kombarov R. V. Aktual'nye problemy ispolnenija nakazanija v vide ogranichenija svobody // Vestnik Kuzbasskogo instituta. – 2019. – # 3. – S. 41-46.
10. UK Ukrainy ot 5 aprelja 2001 goda # 2341-III (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 21.07.2021g.). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=30418109&pos=8;-106#pos=8;-106/ (data obrashhenija: 30.10.2021).
11. UK Respubliki Belarus' ot 9 ijulja 1999 goda # 275-Z (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 26.05.2021 g.). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=30414984/(data obrashhenija: 01.11.2021).
12. UK Respubliki Tadzhikistan ot 21 maja 1998 goda #574 (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 20.04.2021 g.). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=30397325/(data obrashhenija: 01.11.2021).
13. Prikaz Ministerstva justicii Rossijskoj Federacii (Minjust Rossii) ot 11 oktjabrja 2010 g. #258 g. Moskva «Ob utverzhdenii Instrukcii po organizacii ispolnenija nakazanija v vide ogranichenija svobody». Zaregistrirovan v Minjuste RF 21 oktjabrja 2010 g. Registracionnyj # 18780.
14. Shkabin G. S. Celi i zadachi preduprezhdenija prestuplenij v ugolovnom i operativno-razysknom zakonodatel'stve // Sibirskij juridicheskij vestnik.– 2015. – # 2. – S. 74-81.
15. Oficial'nyj sajt sudebnogo departamenta pri Verhovnom sude Rossijskoj Federacii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cdep.ru/index.php?id=79/ (data obrashhenija: 29.10.2021).
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Ossama Qadi E.A
Cybercrime prevention in the US and Russia: Criminological characteristic identity of a cybercriminal in the US
The modern world is impossible without information technologies, which have firmly penetrated into every sphere of life of society and the state. Every simple step we take every day is part of the digital space and stores information about itself in the electronic world.
This is what criminals use. On the one hand, the specifics of this area require very narrow knowledge and skills, and on the other hand, the ubiquitous availability of the Internet gives almost everyone the opportunity to gain access to hidden information. The subject of cybercrime is not always a person with the standard characteristics of a criminal element, mainly these are citizens who have never been under the gun of law enforcement agencies. Therefore, the study of the personality of a cybercriminal, the collection of information about possible motives for committing cybercrimes, the content of training, etc., becomes an urgent task in the light of our realities.
Keywords: Internet, digital technologies, cybercrimes, criminal identity.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dzhejms L. Fishing. Tehnika komp'juternyh prestuplenij / Per. s angl. R. V. Gadickogo. – M.: NT Press, 2008. – 320 s.
2. Makushev D.I. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika lichnosti kiberprestupnika // Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. – 2017. – #2. – S. 17-23.
3. Maslakova E.A. Lica, sovershajushhie prestuplenija v sfere informacionnyh tehnologij: kriminologicheskaja harakteristika // Srednerusskij vestnik obshhestvennyh nauk. – 2014. # 1 (31). – S. 114-121.
4. Poljakov V.V., Ljudkova N.V. Harakteristika lichnosti kiberprestupnikov // Teoreticheskie i prakticheskie problemy organizacii raskrytija i rassledovanija prestuplenij: sb. mater. Vseros.nauch.-prakt. konf. 22 aprelja. – Habarovsk, 2016.
5. Reshnjak M.G. Sovremennye problemy dejstvija ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva Rossii i otdel'nyh zarubezhnyh stran, svjazannye s cifrovizaciej prestupnoj dejatel'nosti // Bezopasnost' biznesa. –2020. – # 6. – S. 54-61.
6. Ushakov S.I. Prestuplenija v sfere obrashhenija komp'juternoj informacii (teorija, zakonodatel'stvo, praktika): dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Rostov, 2000.
7. Chislo kiberprestuplenij vyroslo na 94,6 % za 2020 god. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://ru-bezh.ru/gossektor/news/20/12/02/chislokiberprestuplenij-v-rossii-vyiroslo-na-946-proczentovza(data obrashhenija: 31.01.2021.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Hadzhiev B. Kh.
Characteristics of subjective signs of evasion from execution or non-execution of judicial acts
The article reveals the concept and content of the subject and the subjective side of the crime. The analysis of subjective signs of evasion from execution or non-execution of judicial acts is carried out. It is concluded that a distinctive feature of the subjective side of the crimes under investigation is that they are committed with direct intent. The relevant criminal legislation of individual European countries has been reviewed. The peculiarities of the composition of crimes against justice under the legislation of individual European countries are revealed. These norms can be used to improve the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: non-compliance with court decisions, escape, crimes against justice, the subject of the crime, the subjective side.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sasin A. A. Neispolnenie prigovora suda, reshenija suda ili inogo sudebnogo akta kak prestuplenie protiv pravosudija. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/neispolnenie-prigovora-suda-resheniya-suda-iliinogosudebnogo-
akta-kak-prestuplenie-protiv-pravosudiya.
 
CRIMINAL LAW
Martynenko A. I., Trakhova F. A., Krivenko Yu. A., Chernov Yu. I.
The question of establishing responsibility for new types of fraud
The work is devoted to the analysis of the issues of establishing responsibility for new types of fraud. The authors analyze and interpret the amendments made to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, express their suggestions for clarifying the wording of articles, as well as responsibility for their commission. The authors investigate the legal and technical mistakes that legislators made during the establishment of responsibility for special types of fraud, and also, based on the information received, form proposals for amendments both to articles of the Criminal Code related to new types of fraud and to the direct sanction of articles of the Criminal Code.
Keywords: fraud, liability, criminal law, criminal code.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 (s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Oficial'nyj tekst Konstitucii RF s vnesennymi popravkami ot 14.03.2020 opublikovan na Oficial'nom internet-portale pravovoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru, 04.07.2020.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13 ijunja 1996 g. # 63-FZ (v red. ot 01.12.2021) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 17 ijunja 1996 g. # 25 st. 2954.
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 29 nojabrja 2012 g. # 207-FZ(v red. ot 03.07.2016) «O vnesenii izmenenij v Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii i otdel'nye zakonodatel'nye akty Rossijskoj Federacii» //Sobranii zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 3 dekabrja 2012 g. # 49 st. 6752.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Gritsenko N. S.
Trends in the development of collegial consideration of criminal cases in modern criminal proceedings of the Russian Federation
The article explores the dynamic process of changing the role of the collegial composition of the court in domestic judicial proceedings.
The reasons for these changes are highlighted. On the basis of a comprehensive analysis of judicial statistics, the rules of criminal procedure and the proposed bills, the author draws attention to the current tendency to increase the role of collegiality in the examination of criminal cases on the merits. The author concluded that it is necessary to attribute the collegial administration of justice to the legal traditions of criminal proceedings of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: collegiality, collegial justice, composition proceedings.
Work bibliographic list
1. Babenko V. N. Sudebnaja sistema Rossii: istorija i sovremennost': 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. / RAN INI-ON. M-vo justicii RF. – M.: Ros. pravovaja akademija, 2007. – 264 s.
2. Bojkov A.D. Tret'ja vlast' v Rossii: ocherki o pravosudii, zakonnosti i sudebnoj reforme 1990-1996 gg.– M., 1997. – 264 s.
3. «V 2016 godu zakonodatel' rabotal, kak beshenyj printer» [Tekst] / S. Pashin // Ugolovnyj process. –2017. – # 1. – S. 46-51
4. Kashepov V.P. O preobrazovanii statusa suda v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2002. – # 12. – S. 3-7.
5. Nazarov A.D. Vlijanie sledstvennyh oshibok na oshibki suda: monografija. – M., 2002. – 321 s.
6. Nichiporenko T.Ju. Edinolichnoe rassmotrenie sud'ej ugolovnyh del: Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 1998. – 307 s.
7. Stecovskij Ju.I. Sudebnaja vlast'. Uchebnoe posobie. – M.: Delo, 1999. – 400 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Domovets S. S.
About some methods of committing theft in the field of express delivery of goods and cargo across Russia and the world and mechanisms for their detection and investigation
The article discusses the main ways of committing crimes against property, such as theft, fraud in the delivery of goods and cargo in Russia and the world. The author provides a list of the main methods of stealing someone else’s property sent using express delivery services for goods and cargo. In addition, the article contains information about the mechanism for detecting these crimes and the algorithm for further actions in order to establish the circumstances and persons who committed them.
Keywords: express delivery service, method of committing a crime, cargo, goods, client, customer, fraudster, courier, phishing.
Work bibliographic list
1. Domovec S. S. Osobennosti rassledovanija uklonenija ot uplaty nalogov stroitel'nymi organizacijami. Uchebnoe posobie. - Volgograd, 2010.
2. Kriminalistika: uchebnik / Pod red. A. A. Zakatova, B. P. Smagorinskogo. - M., 2003.
3. Trishkina E. A. O nekotoryh sposobah hishhenij denezhnyh sredstv s bankovskih kart, kak sposob moshennichestva v bankovskoj sfere // V sbornike: Nauchnyj fundament prakticheskoj dejatel'nosti po rassledovaniju prestuplenij. Sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - Volgograd, 2017. - S. 168.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Dorosinskaya A. M.
The mechanism of actions and decisions of the interrogating officer, provided for by Article 427 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation, regarding the termination of criminal prosecution against minors with the use of a compulsory measure of educational influence
In this article, the author conducted a study of the norms of criminal procedure legislation that affect the mechanism of actions and decisions of the interrogating officer, provided for in Article 427 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation, regarding the termination of criminal prosecution against a minor with the use of a compulsory measure of educational influence. The issue of the possibility of this termination in relation to a minor suspect is considered in detail. The author proposes to amend the Code of Criminal Procedure regarding such termination. The author’s position is presented that termination with the use of a compulsory measure of educational influence should be applied to a minor only when he commits a crime for the first time. In addition, the termination of criminal prosecution against a minor should be accompanied by a thorough collection, consolidation and evaluation of evidence, taking into account the age characteristics, physical and psychological state of the minor.
Keywords: minor, crime, preliminary investigation, correction, punishment, compulsory measures of educational influence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Avaliani K.A. Osobennosti dosudebnogo proizvodstva po ugolovnym delam v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih: dissertacija ... kandidata juridicheskih nauk: 12.00.09; [Mesto zashhity: Mosk. gos. jurid.akad.]. – Kemerovo, 2009. – 237 s.
2. Batyshheva E.V. Voprosy prekrashhenija ugolovnogo dela (presledovanija) v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnego v svjazi s primeneniem prinuditel'noĭ mery vospitatel'nogo vozdeĭstvija // Vestnik Krasnodarskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2016. – # 4(34). – S. 48-51.
3. Glushkov A.I. Problemy prekrashhenija ugolovnogo presledovanija v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnego s primeneniem prinuditel'noĭ mery vospitatel'nogo vozdeĭstvija (na osnove otechestvennogo i zarubezhnogo zakonodatel'stva) // Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo lingvisticheskogo universiteta. Obrazovanie i pedagogicheskie nauki. – 2018. – # 3.– S. 226-234.
4. Leonova K.I. Didenko V.I. Osobennosti proizvodstva predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/osobennosti-proizvodstva-predvaritelnogorassledovaniya-v-otnoshenii-nesovershennoletnih/viewer (data obrashhenija: 10.01.2022).
5. Mihajlova T.N., Zagor'jan S.G., Cyretorov A.I. Osobennosti proizvodstva po ugolovnym delam v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih lic. – Vostochno-Sibirskij institut MVD RF. – Irkutsk, 2020.
6. Pugashova G.N. Processual'nye i organizacionnye osobennosti prekrashhenija ugolovnogo presledovanija s primeneniem prinuditel'noj mery vospitatel'nogo vozdejstvija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://lawtheses.com/protsessualnye-i-organizatsionnye-osobennostiprekrascheniya-ugolovnogo-presledovaniya-sprimeneniem-
prinuditelnoy-mery-v#1 (data obrashhenija: 10.01.2022)
7. Tabolina K.A., Dzheĭranova Z.R. Sovershenstvovanie procedury primenenija prinuditel'nyh mer vospitatel'nogo vozdeĭstvija // Aktual'nye problemy rossiĭskogo prava. – 2019. – # 9. – S. 106-114.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Zaytseva E. V.
Criminal procedural features and organizational and tactical aspects of counterfeiting investigation
The article is devoted to certain issues of the organization of pre-investigation verification and tactical features of the investigation of counterfeiting at the present stage. The contactless method of selling counterfeit bills, the algorithm of pre-investigation verification, as well as the circumstances to be proved in criminal cases of the type in question are analyzed.
Keywords: counterfeiting, money, information technology, sales.
Work bibliographic list
1. Naumova O. V. Operativno-razysknaja harakteristika lichnosti fal'shivomonetchika // Rossijskij sledovatel'. - 2016. - # 14. - S. 39-44. – Dostup iz SPS«Konsul'tant Pljus».
2. Zajceva E. V., Dronova O. B. Organizacionno-takticheskie osobennosti rassledovanija prestuplenij jekonomicheskoj napravlennosti // Vestnik Volgogradskoj akademii MVD Rossii. - 2014. - Vypusk 3(30). - S. 86-90.
3. Zvjagin I. S. Naznachenie i proizvodstvo sudebnyh jekspertiz pri rassledovanii prestuplenij, svjazannyh s poddelkoj denezhnyh biletov Banka Rossii // Vestnik Voronezhskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2018. - # 4. - S. 236-242.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Kornakova S. V., Kaak A. P.
On the question of the concept of «reporting a crime»
The article analyzes the concept of “reporting a crime”, which is not disclosed in the norms of
the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, but this is done in by-laws. According to the authors, the situation when the criminal procedural concept is disclosed only at the interdepartmental level cannot be considered justified, since difficulties may arise in achieving uniform regulation of certain procedural issues. It is concluded that the understanding of the criminal procedure concept should not assume its collective interpretation, but rather have a very specific and unambiguous content excluding the discrepancy, for which it is necessary to reflect its definition in Article 5 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: criminal proceedings, reporting of a crime, interpretation, legal definition.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gudzhabidze G.A. Obespechenie prav i zakonnyh interesov lichnosti na stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela // Sibirskie ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie chtenija. – 2018. – # 1 (19).
2. Varpahovskaja E.M. Polisemichnost' javki s povinnoj v praktike rossijskogo ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva // Sibirskie ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie chtenija. – 2019. – # 3 (25).
3. Zelenskaja T.V. Aktual'nye voprosy obespechenija prav i interesov lic, uchastvujushhih v proizvodstve processual'nyh dejstvij pri proverke soobshhenija o prestuplenii // Sibirskie ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie chtenija. – 2019. – # 3 (25).
4. Anjurov F.F. Registracija i uchet prestuplenij v organah vnutrennih del (pravovye i organizacionnye aspekty): avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – M.,2004.
5. Budchenko V. Proverka povodov dlja vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela // Zakonnost'. – 2008. – # 11.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Maslennikova E. A.
Implementation of criminal prosecution in the field of international cooperation
The article reveals the main provisions of international treaties and other normative documents regulating international cooperation in the field of criminal prosecution. Such concepts as initiation and implementation of criminal prosecution are revealed. The different points of view of scientists in relation to the concepts of “initiation of criminal prosecution” and “implementation of criminal prosecution” are considered. The analysis of the educational literature showed that some authors believe that the basis of these concepts is the definition of the moment when the initiation of criminal prosecution begins and when its implementation begins. Thus, many authors believe that the initiation of criminal prosecution begins from the moment of initiation of a criminal case, and the implementation of criminal prosecution begins with the issuance of a decision on the initiation of a criminal case, namely, only the document precedes the initiation of criminal prosecution. Other authors believe that the initiation of criminal prosecution is this is part of the criminal prosecution. The analysis of international normative documents on the provision of legal assistance in the field of criminal prosecution is carried out.
Keywords: criminal prosecution; international regulatory documents; legal assistance; suspects in the commission of a crime; initiation of criminal prosecution.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dogovor Rossijskoj Federacii i Latvijskoj Respubliki o pravovoj pomoshhi i pravovyh otnoshenijah po grazhdanskim, semejnym i ugolovnym delam // FZ RF ot 17 dekabrja 1994 goda # 66-FZ.
2. Konvencija o pravovoj pomoshhi i pravovyh otnoshenijah po grazhdanskim, semejnym i ugolovnym delam (Zakljuchena v g. Minske 22.01.1993) (red. Ot 28.03.1997) (vstupila v silu 19.05.1994, dlja Rossijskoj Federacii 10.12.1994).
3. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18 dekabrja 2001 goda # 174-FZ (s izmenenijami i dopolnenijami po sostojaniju na 01.07.2021).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Musina K. R.
To the question of the essence of the search as an investigative action
In the context of periodic changes in the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation), improving the quality of pre-trial and judicial proceedings, as well as the work of law enforcement agencies in the field of understanding and using search operations during criminal proceedings require comprehensive work on theory and recommendations. The purpose and objectives of the study are to analyze the concept and essence of the search as an investigative action, to determine the purpose and objectives of the search as an investigative action. The methodological basis of this study is a set of methods of scientific cognition. It is concluded that a sufficiently large number of problems arise during the search, among which the problems arising from the lack of a legislative definition of the search, as well as problems in determining the basis of
the search, are identified.
Keywords: evidence, investigative action, search, seizure, the purpose and objectives of the search, the legal basis of the search, the person conducting the investigation, constitutional rights, housing.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ahmedov U.N. Dokazyvanie motiva nacional'noj i rasovoj nenavisti ili vrazhdy po delam o prestuplenijah protiv zhizni i zdorov'ja / Pod red. dokt. jurid. nauk, prof. V. V. Truhacheva. – M.: Jurlitin-form, 2011. – 192 s.
2. Gorlova Ju.A. Obysk i vyemka: aktual'nye voprosy taktiki proizvodstva // V sbornike: Problemnye voprosy jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti Rossii. –2020. – S. 27-29.
3. Savenko E.M. Vozniknovenie i razvitie obyska i vyemki v ugolovnom processe Rossii // V sbornike:Perspektivy gosudarstvenno-pravovogo razvitija Rossii v XXI veke. Sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj nauchno-teoreticheskoj konferencii kursantov i slushatelej vuzov MVD Rossii, studentov gumanitarnyh vuzov, ad"junktov, aspirantov i soiskatelej. Otv. red. K.A. Pljasov. – 2018. – S. 421-427.
4. Saprunov A.G., Danil'jan Je.S. Specifika proizvodstva obyska pri proverke rozysknyh versij //Obshhestvo i pravo. – 2011. – # 3. – S. 274-279.
5. Smirnov A.A. Obysk: osobennosti proizvodstva v sovremennyh uslovijah // Krymskij Akademicheskij vestnik. – 2020. – # 13. – S. 160-164.
6. Timoshhuk O.V. K voprosu provedenija osmotra mesta proisshestvija // V knige: Pobeda kovalas' vsemi: istoricheskie i kriminalisticheskie aspekty Sbornik tezisov dokladov kursantov i slushatelej, posvjashhennyj 70-letiju Pobedy v Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojne: jelektronnyj resurs. – 2015. – S. 52-54.
7. Fashutdinov R.F. Osobennosti proizvodstva obyska// Aktual'nye problemy prava i gosudarstva v XXI veke. – 2019. – # 1. – S. 485-488.
8. Shejfer S.A. Sledstvennye dejstvija. Osnovanija, processual'nyj porjadok i dokazatel'stvennoe znachenie. – Samara: Samarskij universitet, 2004. – 228 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Pogorelskiy A. A.
Criminal proceedings against minors and the insane: the evolution of the formation of complicated differentiated forms
In the article, the author addresses the question of which way the idea of differentiation of criminal proceedings went, and how modern requirements for the process of proof and its content were formed in the currently existing forms of differentiated proceedings– in relation to minors and in relation to the insane. Special attention is paid to such moments as the emergence of a special attitude towards these categories of participants in criminal law relations and the formation of special criminal procedural forms of evidence in the investigation of criminal cases against them. The tendency of the development of Russian legislation towards the complication of the procedure of production, embodied in the Code of Criminal Procedure of the RSFSR of 1960 in cases both in relation to minors and in relation to insane persons, is demonstrated.
Keywords: history of Russian criminal proceedings, proceedings against minors, proceedings against the insane, procedural form.
Work bibliographic list
1. Mishhenko E. V. Problemy differenciacii i unifikacii ugolovno-processual'nyh form proizvodstv po otdel'nym kategorijam ugolovnyh del:dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. – Orenburg, 2014.
2. Kornakova S. V., Korjagina S. A. Sovremennye tendencii nasil'stvennyh prestuplenij, sovershaemyh nesovershennoletnimi // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. – 2016. – T. 10. – # 1.
3. Kornakova S. V., Korjagina S. A. Sovremennye tendencii i prichiny korystnyh i korystno-nasil'stvennyh prestuplenij, sovershaemyh nesovershennoletnimi // Baikal Research Journal. – 2016. – T. 7.– # 2.
4. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo X – XX vekov: Zakonodatel'stvo perioda stanovlenija absoljutizma. V 9-ti t. T. 4 / Otv. red.: Man'kov A. G. – M.: Jurid. lit.,1986.
5. Mashinskaja N. V. Vozniknovenie i razvitie processual'noj formy proizvodstva po delam o prestuplenijah nesovershennoletnih v dosovetskij period// Vestnik Vladimirskogo juridicheskogo instituta.– 2012. – # 1 (22).
6. Sharapatova A. E. Prinuditel'nye mery medicinskogo haraktera: razvitie otechestvennogo zakonodatel'stva // Vestnik Sibirskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2008. – # 2 (2).
7. Smol'kova I. V. Uchastniki sovremennogo Rossijskogo ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva. – M.: Jurlitin-form, 2017.
8. Chetvertyj s"ezd predstavitelej russkih ispravitel'nyh zavedenij // Zhurnal ministerstva justicii. – 1895. – # 9.
9. Markovicheva E. V. Jevoljucija proizvodstva po ugolovnym delam v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih:ot Ustava Ugolovnogo Sudoproizvodstva do Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa RF // Aktual'nye problemy rossijskogo prava. – 2014. – # 7 (44).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Popov D. P.
Functional characteristics of modern criminal proceedings
The article deals with theoretical and applied problems of the functional and legal structure of modern criminal proceedings.
Based on the analysis of the theory, the current Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, departmental regulatory legal acts and the practice of their application, attention is drawn to the fact that despite the refusal of the legislator from the principle of establishing objective truth in a criminal case, and replacing it with the principle of competition, the procedural functions of participants in pre-trial proceedings have not changed significantly. The author substantiates the position that due to irrational reform, modern criminal proceedings have turned out to be in a functionally differentiated state.
Keywords: pre-trial proceedings, inquirer, investigator, prosecutor, procedural functions, completeness, comprehensiveness and objectivity, objective truth, competitiveness, functional differentiation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 g. # 174 FZ (v red. ot 30.12.21) //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii.– 2001. – # 52 (ch. 1). – St. 4921.
2. Azarenok N. V. K voprosu o tipe sovremennogo rossijskogo ugolovnogo processa // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2010. – # 3. – S. 83-88.
3. Azarjonok N. V. Obuslovlennost' sostjazatel'nosti v ugolovnom Processe // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2013. – # 4 (91). – S. 141-142.
4. Azarov V. A., Revenko N. I., Kuzembaeva M. M. Funkcija predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija v istorii, teorii i praktike ugolovnogo processa Rossii:monografija. 2-e izd., ster. – Omsk, 2008. – 559 s.
5. Aleksandrov A. S., Lapatnikov M. V., Terehin V. V. Ot polusostjazatel'nosti – k polnoj inkvizicionnosti: jevoljucija postsovetskogo ugolovno-processual'nogo prava // Vestnik Kaliningradskogo filiala Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2014. – # 2 (36). – S. 124-127.
6. Golovko L. V. Rossijskij ugolovnyj process i ob"ektivnaja istina // Obvinenie i zashhita po ugolovnym delam: istoricheskij opyt i sovremennost':sbornik statej po materialam Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj 100-letiju so dnja rozhdenija professora Nikolaja Sergeevicha Alekseeva (g. Sankt-Peterburg, 28-29
ijunja 2014 goda). – SPb.: «CSPT», 2015. – S. 63-64.
7. Davletov A. A. Ob optimal'nom tipe sovremennogo rossijskogo ugolovnogo processa // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Serija Jekonomika i pravo.– 2011. – # 2. – S. 98-100.
8. Derishev Ju. V. Koncepcija ugolovnogo dosudebnogo proizvodstva v pravovoj doktrine sovremennoj Rossii. – Omsk: Omskaja akademija MVD Rossii, 2004.– 340 s.
9. Davydov P. M. Principy sovetskogo ugolovnogo processa. – Sverdlovsk, 1957. – S. 35, 38.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Pilenko I. P., Kulikovskaya I. S., Grigorjev A. V.
Criminal procedure of preliminary investigation by the captains of sea and river vessels
This article examines the problems of legal regulation and law enforcement in the field of urgent investigative actions by captains of sea and river vessels, relevant primarily due to the existence of criminally punishable acts that were committed in places remote from the bodies involved in the preliminary investigation, as there is a high probability of loss of traces and other evidentiary
information. The author analyzes the current law enforcement practice, identifies the peculiarities of the application of criminal procedure legislation. A number of identified gaps and their comprehensive analysis indicate the need to improve the current legislation in this area.
Keywords: captain of a sea and river vessel, investigation, problems of law enforcement, preliminary investigation, urgent investigative actions, powers of the captain of a sea and river vessel, criminal procedure legislation, law enforcement practice.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ryzhakov A.P. Kommentarij k Ugolovno-processual'nomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (postatejnyj). - 9-e izd., pererab. - Special'no dlja sistemy GARANT, 2014. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/57571740/ (data obrashhenija 10.02.2022).
2. Semenov A.V., Litvin T.A., Kulikovskaja I.S. Voprosy pravovogo obespechenija transportnoj bezopasnosti na morskom transporte // Vestnik gosudarstvennogo morskogo universiteta imeni admirala F.F.Ushakova. - 2021. - # 2 (35). - S. 73.
3. Semenov A.V., Kulikovskaja I.S., Nurdzhanjan A.Je., Popandopulo F.G. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoe regulirovanie obespechenija bezopasnosti morskogo sudohodstva // Zametki uchenogo. - 2021. - # 6-1. - S. 509.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Stepanenko Yu. S.
The use of arrest as a type of criminal punishment
The article deals with the issue of the application of arrest as a type of criminal punishment. The author analyzes the current state of the application of criminal penalties, alternative to imprisonment, and considers some problems of execution of punishment in the form of arrest. In addition, the author suggests conditions under which it is possible to transfer the criminal punishment of arrest from a virtual state to a real one.
Keywords: the concept of improving the penal enforcement system, liberalization of judicial proceedings, democratization and humanization of the processes of assigning and serving criminal sentences, resocialization of convicts, law-abiding behavior, the effectiveness of punishment, criminal prosecution, criminal habits, deviant behavior, decriminalization of society, alternative to punishment in the form of imprisonment, criminal punishment in the form of arrest.
Work bibliographic list
1. Stepanenko Ju. S. Nekotorye voprosy reformirovanija ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy v Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnicheskogo universiteta. – 2014. – # 1 (84). – S. 253.
2. Lebedev V. M. Osuzhdeniju ne podlezhit // Rossijskaja gazeta. – 2020. – # 231 (8285). – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: – https://rg.ru/2020/10/13/glava-verhovnogo-suda-predlagaem-vnesti-v-zakonponiatie-ugolovnyj-prostupok.html (data obrashhenija:24.01.2022).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Smolina M. M., Sosnovskiy A. A.
Extremist crimes committed in the youth sphere: causes and prevention
The article considers one of the most global and dangerous threats not only for the Russian Federation, but for the whole world – extremism, namely extremist crimes committed in the youth sphere. The spread of extremist views among young people is an extremely dangerous phenomenon, since young people are a resource of national security, the future of the country. It should be noted that this category of citizens is most susceptible to the influence of negative factors that exist in society. The reasons for the involvement of young people in extremist activities are a variety of factors, such as: socio-economic, political, psychological. An important aspect of the fight against the spread of this dangerous trend among young people is prevention, the main subject of which should be the state.
Keywords: extremism, youth sphere, causes, prevention, extremist crimes, socio-economic factors, psychological factors, political factors, features of youth extremism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kuznecov A. A. Ponjatie, priznaki i sushhnost' jekstremizma kak social'nogo javlenija (po rezul'tatam sociologicheskogo issledovanija predstavlenij grazhdan ob jekstremizme) // Vestnik Prikamskogo social'nogo instituta. – 2021. – # 2 (89). – S. 213-218.
2. Ivanchuk O. V., Zabirov R. V. Fenomenologicheskij analiz ponjatij «jekstremizm», «molodezhnyj jekstremizm», «profilaktika molodezhnogo jekstremizma» // Nauka i innovacii v sovremennom mire: Sbornik nauchnyh statej / Nauchnyj redaktor A. S. Starun.– Moskva: Izdatel'stvo «Pero», 2019. – S. 57-61.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Suleymanov T. A., Nazarkin E. V.,
Danilova I. Y., Maslennikova E. A.
Initiation of criminal proceedings and criminal prosecution: questions of theory and practice
The Institute of Criminal Procedure for the initiation of criminal proceedings does not always regulate the issues related to the prosecution of two or more persons in the same criminal case, despite the improvement of the law and the constant attention of scientists and practitioners, which leads to controversial situations in investigative practice. Carrying out criminal prosecution without initiating a criminal case is a significant violation of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and violates the rights and interests of participants in the criminal process. At the same time, the initiation of a criminal case remains a mandatory initial stage of the criminal process. We believe that the authors’ proposal to amend the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation explains the practical significance of the issue under study.
Keywords: initiation of a criminal case, head prosecution, resolution on the initiation of a criminal case, the timing of the preliminary investigation, the admissibility of evidence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Stel'mah V. Ju. Pravovaja sushhnost' stadii vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela. // Obshhestvo i pravo. - 2020. - #3 (73). - S. 33-39.
2. Verhovnyj Sud RF zapretil pred"javljat' obvinenija po novym sostavam bez vozbuzhdenija ugolovnogo dela.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vsrf.ru/press_center/mass_media/29559/ (data obrashhenija: 11.01.2021).
3. Mirzojan G. A. Ponjatie ugolovnogo presledovanija // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. - 2021. - # 3-1. - S. 222-225. doi:10.24412/2500-1000-2021-3-1-222-225. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/
ponyatie-ugolovnogo-presledovaniya (data obrashhenija:08.01.2022).
4. Misnik I. V., Perjakina M. P. Vozbuzhdenie ugolovnogo dela kak stadija rossijskogo ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva. // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2021. - # 2. - S. 104-114. doi: 10.24412/2312-3184-2021-2-104-114.
5. Chirkov F. V. Ocenka otnosimosti i dopustimosti dokazatel'stv v hode okonchanija predvaritel'nogo sledstvija s prekrashheniem ugolovnogo dela. // Politematicheskij setevoj jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal Kubanskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta.- 2011. - # 70. - S. 561-574.).
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Sukhinin A. V., Tsebekova G. V., Basanov V. V., Mushinov B. T.
Rehabilitation as a form of restorative justice
This article analyses the development of legislation on rehabilitation as a form of restorative justice. The definition of «rehabilitation» is explained. The elements of rehabilitation are indicated. The requirements for rehabilitation are disclosed. The problematic aspects of the application of the legislation on rehabilitation, as well as the procedure for compensation in rehabilitation cases were analyzed.
Keywords: rehabilitation, compensation for harm, restoration of citizen’s rights, return of awards, compensation for moral harm.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dal' V. I. Tolkovyj slovar' zhivogo velikorusskogo jazyka: v 4 t. T. 3 / Pod red. prof. I. A. Bodujena de Kurtenje. – M., 1998. – 1744 s.
2. Lermontov Ju. M. Postatejnyj kommentarij k Bjudzhetnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii // SPS «Konsul'tantPljus», 2015.
3. Vetrova O. A., Merkulov S. V. K voprosu o problemah realizacii instituta reabilitacii v ugolovnom processe Rossii // Sovremennoe ugolovno-processual'noe pravo – uroki istorii i problemy dal'nejshego reformirovanija. – 2021. – # 1. – S. 37-43.
4. Berlin A. Verhovnyj Sud RF ob ispolnitel'nom proizvodstve // JeZh-Jurist. – 2015. – # 49. – S. 3.
5. Kazna i bjudzhet / R. E. Artjuhin, A. V. Bogdanova, Ju. V. Ginzburg i dr.; otv. red. D. L. Komjagin. – M.: Nauka, 2014. – 501 s.
6. Komjagin D. L. Pravovoe regulirovanie vozmeshhenija vreda ot nezakonnyh dejstvij gosudarstvennyh organov i ih dolzhnostnyh lic: hronika prob i oshibok // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika.– 2007. – # 10. – S. 43-54.
7. Skobychkina N. R. Vozmeshhenie vreda, prichinennogo federal'nymi gosudarstvennymi organami, a tak-zhe ih dolzhnostnymi licami: Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg, 2007. – 246 s.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Tsebekova G. V., Naktanov K. K., Basanov V. V., Adyaeva S. O.
The role of a forensic expert in criminal proceedings
This article analyzes the procedural position of an expert in the framework of criminal proceedings. The theoretical substantiation of the concept of “special knowledge” is revealed, the rights and obligations of the expert are indicated, as well as the clarification of the meaning of the expert’s conclusion as a kind of evidence in a criminal case. The classification of special knowledge given in the scientific literature is indicated. The article discusses methods of evaluation and analysis of expert conclusions. Moreover, the issues that should be examined by the court and the investigating authorities before the examination of the expert findings are analyzed.
Keywords: expert, forensic examination, investigation of criminal cases, procedural status, special knowledge, inner conviction.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bishmanov B. M. Ispol'zovanie special'nyh znanij v processual'noj i sluzhebnoj dejatel'nosti// Chernye dyry v Rossijskom Zakonodatel'stve. – 2002. – # 4. – S. 440-446.
2. Lisichenko V. K., Cirkal' V. V. Ispol'zovanie special'nyh znanij v sledstvennoj i sudebnoj praktike. – Kiev: KGU, 1987. – 100 s.
3. Lazarev E. V. Podgotovka, naznachenie i proizvodstvo revizij i sudebno-buhgalterskih jekspertiz pri rassledovanii prestuplenij v sfere jekonomiki: Dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. – Ekaterinburg, 2009.– 229 s.
4. Mahov V. N. Teorija i praktika ispol'zovanija znanij svedushhih lic pri rassledovanii prestuplenij: Avtoref. dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. – M., 1993.– 54 s.
5. Zhdanov S. P., Shumilov A. Ju. Ispol'zovanie special'nyh poznanij v vyjavlenii prestuplenij, sovershaemyh vo vneshnejekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti: ucheb.-prakt. posobie. – M.: Izdatel'skij dom Shumilovoj I.I., 2011. – 99 s.
6. Danilova L. S. Formy primenenija special'nyh buhgalterskih znanij ugolovnom processe Rossii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.lawmix.ru/bux/31372 (data obrashhenija 17.01.2022).
7. Petruhin I. L. Jekspertiza kak sredstvo dokazyvanija v sovetskom ugolovnom processe. – M.: Jurid.lit., 1964. – 266 s.
8. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii: v 4 t. (postatejnyj). T. 1: Obshhaja chast'/ A. V. Brilliantov, A. V. Galahova, V. A. Davydov i dr.; otv. red. V. M. Lebedev. – M.: Jurajt, 2017. – 792 s.
9. Klevno V. A., Maksimov A. V. K voprosu o klassifikacii i terminologii jekspertnyh oshibok // Sudebnaja medicina. – 2017. – # 2. – S. 8-11.
 
CRIMINAL PROCESS
Davydovskaya M. V.
Forensic investigative actions as a way of collecting evidence
This article substantiates the right of the court to collect evidence by conducting judicial investigative actions. The issues related to the lack of regulatory regulation of the general rules of their production are considered. Attention is drawn to the need to expand the list of judicial investigative actions provided for in Chapter 37 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation (hereinafter - the CPC).
Keywords: adversarial proceedings, judicial proceedings, collection of evidence, investigative actions, judicial and investigative actions, general rules of investigative actions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abdumadzhidov G.A. Rassledovanie prestuplenij:(processual'no-pravovoe issledovanie). – Tashkent:Uzbekistan, 1986. – 190 s.
2. Baev O.Ja., Solodov D.A. Proizvodstvo sledstvennyh dejstvij: kriminalisticheskij analiz UPK Rossii, praktika, rekomendacii: prakticheskoe posobie. – M.: Jeksmo, 2010. – 240 s.
3. Bozh'ev V. «Tihaja revoljucija» Konstitucionnogo Suda v ugolovnom processe Rossijskoj Federacii// Rossijskaja justicija. – M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 2000. – # 10. – S. 9-11.
4. Golovko L.V. Kurs ugolovnogo processa / Pod red. L.V. Golovko. – M.: Statut, 2016. – 1276 s.
5. Zajcev O.A., Pastuhov, P.S. Ob aktivnoj roli suda v ugolovno-processual'nom dokazyvanii // Ugolovnoe pravo. – 2014. – # 6. – S. 84-88.
6. Kuzin, E.B. K voprosu ob otkrytosti perechnja sudebnyh dejstvij sledstvennogo haraktera // Vestnik Juzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Pravo. – 2011. – # 27 (244). – S. 55-58.
7. Kurochkina, Ju.S., Tat'janina L.G. Sistema sudebnyh dejstvij sledstvennogo haraktera // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Jekonomika i pravo. – 2016.– T. 26. Vyp. 1. – S. 132-134.
8. Lazareva, V.A. Sudebnoe proizvodstvo po zhalobe na dejstvija i reshenija organa predvaritel'nogo rassledovanija: voprosy dokazyvanija // Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika. – 2020. – # 3. – S. 31-35.
9. Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zaprosa Boksitogorskogo gorodskogo suda Leningradskoj̆ oblasti o proverke konstitucionnosti chasti pervoj stat'i 86 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj̆ Federacii: opredelenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii ot 6 marta 2003g. # 104-O // Spravochno-pravovaja sistema Garant.
[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://base.garant.ru/5124797/
10. Petruhin I.L. Sostjazatel'nost' i pravosudie (k 100-letiju M.S. Strogovicha) // Gosudarstvo i pravo.– 1994. – # 10. – S. 128-137.
11. Pobedkin A.V. K diskussii o dokazatel'stvennom znachenii protokola sudebnogo zasedanija // Biblioteka kriminalista. Nauchnyj zhurnal. – 2018.– # 2 (37). – S. 90-95.
12. Pobedkin A.V. Nekotorye voprosy sobiranija dokazatel'stv po novomu ugolovno-processual'nomu zakonodatel'stvu Rossii // Gosudarstvo i pravo. –2003. – # 1. – S. 57-64.
13. Pobedkin A.V. Teorija i metodologija ispol'zovanija verbal'noj informacii v ugolovno-processual'nom dokazyvanii. Dis. … dokt. jurid. nauk. – M.: Moskovskij universitet MVD Rossii, 2005. – 464 s.
14. Pobedkin, A.V. Tradicii dokazyvanija v otechestvennom ugolovnom processe (pochemu sostjazatel'nost' ne princip ugolovnogo processa) // Priroda rossijskogo ugolovnogo processa i princip sostjazatel'nosti: k 125-letiju so dnja rozhdenija M.S. Strogovicha. Materialy konferencii: Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet imeni M.V. Lomono-
sova. 2020. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2020. – S. 78-83.
15. Pobedkin, A.V. Ugolovnyj process: sostojanie vne prava: monografija. – M.: Jurlitinform, 2013. – 243 s.
16. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti polozhenij punkta 2 chasti 1 stat'i 24 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v svjazi s zhaloboj grazhdanina D.K. Mihajlova ot
15 ijunja 2021 g. // Cpravochno-pravovaja sistema Konsul'tant Pljus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_387518
17. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti stat'i 22, punkta 2 chasti pervoj stat'i 24, chasti vtoroj stat'i 27, chasti tret'ej stat'i 246, chasti tret'ej stat'i 249, punkta 2 stat'i 254, stat'i 256 i chasti chetvertoj stat'i 321 Ugolovno-processual'nogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii v
svjazi s zhaloboj grazhdanki A.I. Tihomolovoj ot 13 aprelja 2021 g. // Cpravochno-pravovaja sistema Konsul'tant Pljus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_382210.
18. Postanovlenija Konstitucionnogo Suda RF po delu o proverke konstitucionnosti otdel'nyh polozhenij st. 7, 15, 107, 234 i 450 UPK RF v svjazi s zaprosom deputatov Gosudarstvennoj Dumy ot 29 ijunja 2004 g. # 13-P // SZ RF. 2004. # 27. St. 2804. // Cpravochno-pravovaja sistema Konsul'tant Pljus. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_48286
19. Rossinskij, S.B. Sudebnye dejstvija poznavatel'nogo haraktera kak ob"ekty ugolovno-processual'nogo regulirovanija // Rossijskij sud'ja. – 2014. – # 10.– S. 36-41.
20. Rossinskij S. B. Dosudebnoe proizvodstvo po ugolovnomu delu: sushhnost' i sposoby sobiranija dokazatel'stv. – Moskva: Juridicheskoe izdatel'stvo«Norma», 2021. – 408 s.
21. Smirnov A. V. Modeli ugolovnogo processa. – SPb.:Nauka, 2000. – 222 s.
22. Starodumov S.V. Sudebnye dejstvija sledstvennogo haraktera pri rassmotrenii ugolovnyh del v sude pervoj instancii: dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. Izhevsk, 2018. – 206 s.
23. Hajdarov, A. A. Sledstvenno-sudebnye dejstvija:problemy reglamentacii // Aktual'nye problemy jekonomiki i prava. – 2013. – # 2. – S. 282-288.
24. Hizhnjak D.S. Processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie problemy razvitija taktiki sledstvennyh dejstvij (teoreticheskij aspekt): avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – Saratov, 2003. – 26 s.
25. Shejfer S.A. Sledstvennye dejstvija. Sistema i processual'naja forma. - M.: Jurlitinform, 2001.– 206 s.
26. Shuruhnov N.G. Osobennosti dejstvij, provodimyh v processe sudebnogo razbiratel'stva, i ih otlichija ot sledstvennyh dejstvij // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. – 2020. – # 5. – S. 125-129.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Byakina S. I., Karhanina L. V.
Problems of implementation by penitentiary inspections of preventive measures and punishments not related to the isolation of convicts from society
Taking into account the provisions of international standards, continuing the further humanization of criminal, criminal procedure and penal enforcement legislation, coercive measures are increasingly used in the Russian Federation that are not related to the actual deprivation of liberty of suspects, accused and convicted persons. In this regard, according to the authors, it is necessary to improve the current penal enforcement legislation.
In the article, the authors consider the procedure for the implementation of criminal enforcement inspections of control over suspects, accused in respect of whom a preventive measure in the form of house arrest has been chosen, as well as problematic aspects of the execution of deprivation of the right to hold certain positions or engage in certain activities, restrictions on freedom. The problems associated with preventive and educational work carried out in relation to these categories of citizens are analyzed.
Keywords: penitentiary inspections, preventive measure, criminal penalties, suspect, accused, convicted, problematic aspects, exercising control, execution of punishments.
Work bibliographic list
1. Babajan S. L. Stimulirovanie ispravlenija osuzhdennyh k nakazanijam, ne svjazannym s izoljaciej ot obshhestva // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. –2014. –# 3 (86). – S. 105-110.
2. Ljadov Je. V. Ispolnenie i otbyvanie ugolovnyh nakazanij, al'ternativnyh lisheniju svobody // Sovremennye tendencii razvitija nauki i tehnologij. –2016. – # 8-5. – S. 47-52.
3. Utkin V. A. Problemy teorii ugolovnyh nakazanij: kurs lekcij. – Tomsk: Izd. dom Tom. gos. un-ta, 2018. – 240 s.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Ovsyannikova T. A., Sayfullin R. R.
Corruption in the penal system: statistics, determinants, leveling measures
Тhe article is devoted to the study of the relationship between the resocialization of convicts and the level of recidivism. The authors conclude that the acquisition of a new profession and work skills by convicts largely determines their future in the post-penitentiary period and helps them in correction and resocialization in society. The solution of the problems of labor adaptation and re-socialization of persons preparing for release from prison is carried out on the basis of a comprehensive and targeted approach focused on the final social result.
Keywords: postretirement period, labor adaptation, resocialization, career guidance, recidivism,
convict.
Work bibliographic list
1. Minjazeva T. F. Trudovaja adaptacija osuzhdennyh //Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. ‒ 2009. ‒ # 5. ‒ S. 106-113.
2. Chernyshev V. V., Terehin V. I. Trudovaja adaptacija osuzhdennyh v UIS: social'no-jekonomicheskie rezul'taty dejatel'nosti // V sbornike: Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naja sistema segodnja: vzaimodejstvie nauki i praktiki. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov. – Novokuzneck, 2016. – S. 51-55.
3. Filippova O. V. Kriminologicheskaja harakteristika recidivnoj prestupnosti // Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Pravo. – 2020. – #38. – S. 87-98.
4. RIA rejting // Issledovanija. – 2011. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://riarating.ru/countries_study/20110511/373035708.html (data obrashhenija: 27.01.2022).
5. TASS // 2020. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://tass.ru/obschestvo/9955911 (data obrashhenija: 27.01.2022).
6. Federal'naja sluzhba ispolnenija nakazanij //Upravlenie organizacii proizvodstvennoj dejatel'nosti i trudovoj adaptacii osuzhdennyh.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://fsin.gov.ru/structure/adaptation/ (data obrashhenija:27.01.2022).
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Nazarkin E. V., Suleymanov T. A.,
Khamizova S. A., Maslennikova E. A.
Features of the preparation and conduct of identification during the investigation of the disorganization of the activities of institutions providing isolation from society
Тhis article discusses the features of the organization and conduct of identification during the investigation of the disorganization of the activities of institutions of the penal system of Russia, providing isolation from society. The features of the preparation and conduct of the investigative action are indicated. Separate organizational and tactical recommendations, methods of preparation and identification in criminal cases of this category are proposed.
Keywords: identification, identifying, identifiable, feature, investigator, tactical technique, disorganization of the institution’s activities.
Work bibliographic list
1. Legostaev S. V. K voprosu o preduprezhdenii dezorganizacii mest lishenija svobody // Chelovek:prestuplenie i nakazanie: nauch. zhurn. / Akademija FSIN Rossii. – 2010. – # 1 (68). – S. 103-106.
2. Fedotova E. N. Sovremennoe sostojanie penitenciarnoj prestupnosti v Rossii // Vedomosti ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sistemy. – 2020. – # 8 (219). – S. 50-55.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Roman E. M., Yunusov S. A.
Corruption in the penal system: statistics, determinants, leveling measures
The article discusses current statistical data on corruption in the criminal justice system, formed on the report compiled by the Judicial Department at the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. Their objective assessment is given with references to legal scholars, as well as to the current regulatory legal acts. The determinants of corruption crimes in penitentiary institutions have been identified, one of which is low financial incentives. In conclusion, methods of leveling them based on close interaction with individual institutions of civil society are proposed.
Keywords: corruption, statistical data, determinants of corruption, fight against corruption, penitentiary institutions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vezlomcev V. E., Tereshhenko T. G. Ponjatie korrupcii i pravovoe regulirovanie protivodejstvija korrupcii v penitenciarnyh sistemah Rossii i Respubliki Belarus' // Mezhdunarodnyj penitenciarnyj zhurnal. – 2015. – # 3. – S. 81-84.
2. Vezlomcev V. E., Burukin V. V. Ravnopravnyj dialog grazhdanskogo obshhestva s gosudarstvom kak atributivnoe uslovie v bor'be s korrupciej // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2017. – # 10 (113).– S. 364-367.
3. Vezlomcev, V. E. Social'no-filosofskoe i normativistskoe teoretizirovanie o korrupcii v klassicheskom i postklassicheskom diskurse // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2017. – # 6 (109).– S. 318-320.
4. Smirnov A.M. Osnovnye faktory, determinirujushhie prestuplenija korrupcionnoj napravlennosti v ugolovno-ispolnitel'noj sisteme // Bjulleten' nauki i praktiki. – 2019. – # 5.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Repina A. A.
Some features of attracting convicts to correctional labor under the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The article deals with general issues of the appointment and execution of punishment in the form of correctional labor under the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan. A comparative characteristic of correctional labor and a fine is carried out, similar and different elements are identified. The issues of early release from further serving a sentence in the form of correctional labor due to the deterioration of the convict’s health are considered.
Keywords: punishment, correctional labor, fine, release, illness.
Work bibliographic list
1. Akimzhanov T. K. O neobhodimosti dal'nejshego sovershenstvovanija ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Kazahstan // Ugolovnaja otvetstvennost' i nakazanie: Sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj pamjati professorov kafedry ugolovnogo prava Rjazanskoj vysshej shkoly MVD SSSR V. A. Eleonskogo i N. A. Ogurcova, Rjazan', 18 maja 2018 goda / Pod redakciej V. F. Lapshina. – Rjazan': Akademija prava i upravlenija Federal'noj sluzhby ispolnenija nakazanij, 2018. – S. 17-24.
2. Donskova T. V. Osobennosti ispolnenija nakazanija v vide ispravitel'nyh rabot v Respublike Kazahstan// Colloquium-journal. – 2019. – # 6-8 (30). – S. 20-21.
3. Shabanov V. B., Budanova L. Ju. Zarubezhnyj opyt ispolnenija prigovorov ob osuzhdenii lic k nakazanijam bez izoljacii ot obshhestva // Gosudarstvo i pravo v XXI veke: Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj 95-letiju juridicheskogo fakul'teta Belorusskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, Minsk, 26-27 nojabrja 2020 goda / Redkollegija: T. N. Mihaljova (gl. red.)[i dr.]. – Minsk: Belorusskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2021. – S. 71-81.
4. Gabaraev A. Sh. Porjadok ispolnenija ugolovnogo nakazanija v vide ispravitel'nyh rabot v Respublike Kazahstan // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2018. – # 6. – S. 198-199.
 
CRIMINAL-EXECUTIVE LAW
Titova O. Z.
The adaptation process of correctional officers of the Russian Federal Penitentiary Service
The article deals with the adaptation of penal officers of the Russian Federal Penitentiary Service. The author substantiates the necessity to develop an adaptation programme for officers, to pass all the stages in full.
The article analyzes the necessity of conducting research of personal and professional qualities of a new penal officer, his knowledge, skills and abilities. The author draws attention to the fact that financial incentives certainly play an important role in motivation.
Keywords: onboarding, professional qualities, mentor, support programme.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gur'ev M. E. Teoreticheskij analiz problem professional'noj adaptacii v otechestvennoj psihologicheskoj literature // Osnovnye voprosy teorii i praktiki pedagogiki i psihologii. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov po itogam mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – 2016. – S. 179-183.
2. D'jakov V. I., Selivanova D. A. Teoreticheskie podhody k probleme professional'noj adaptacii //Tamozhennoe delo v spektre nauki i obrazovanija. sbornik nauchnyh trudov. Federal'naja tamozhennaja sluzhba, gosud. obrazovatel'noe uchrezhdenie vysshego prof. obrazovanija «Rossijskaja tamozhennaja akademija», Vladivostokskij filial. – Vladivostok, 2018. – S. 260-266.
3. Emel'janova O. Ja., Shershen' I. V. Problema professional'noj adaptacii // Sovremennye problemy jekonomiki i menedzhmenta. Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii: vypusk sbornika posvjashhen 100-letiju MOT, 100-letiju VGU.
FGBOU VO «Voronezhskij gosudarstvennyj universitet»; ANOO VPO «Voronezhskij institut vysokih tehnologij», Voronezhskoe regional'noe otdelenie «Akademija truda i zanjatosti». – 2017. – S. 118.
4. Kravchenko A. I. Znachenie social'no-psihicheskoj adaptacii v professional'noj dejatel'nosti sotrudnikov UIS // Nauka v sovremennom obshhestve: zakonomernosti i tendencii razvitija: sbornik statej Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. – Ufa, 2019. – S. 230-235.
 
JUDICIARY
Kornakova S. V., Samoylova Zh. V.
Are the ideas of the search for truth and competition in criminal proceedings so incompatible?
The article analyzes the category of objective truth, which, before the adoption of the current Criminal Procedure Law in 2001, was proclaimed the goal of criminal proceedings. The views on the incompatibility of truth and competition are critically evaluated, the idea of the need for criminal procedural activity to seek the truth is defended. It is concluded that Russia has its own path of development and it has no need to copy the legislative experience of other countries that is alien to it.
Keywords: criminal proceedings, truth, adversarial nature, evidence of the circumstances of the case.
Work bibliographic list
1. Spirkin A G. Filosofija dlja tehnicheskih vuzov. –M.: Jurajt, 2014.
2. Filosofija: uchebnik dlja vuzov / Pod obshh. red. A.A. Atanova, V.A. Tueva [i dr.]; BGU. – Irkutsk: Izd-vo BGU, 2015.
3. Mereckij N.E. Problemy dokazyvanija v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve // Sibirskie ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie chtenija. – 2018. – # 1 (19).
4. Kozjavin A.A. Ugolovno-processual'naja dejatel'nost' suda i ego teleologicheskaja osnova // Sibirskie ugolovno-processual'nye i kriminalisticheskie chtenija. – 2017. – # 4 (18).
5. Voskobitova L.A., Rossinskij S.B. Voprosy poznanija v sovremennom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve //Kriminologicheskij zhurnal Bajkal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta jekonomiki i prava. — 2015.— T. 9. # 1.
6. Principy sovremennogo rossijskogo ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva: monografija / Nauch. red. I.V. Smol'kova; otv. red. R.V. Mazjuk. – M.: Jurlitin-form, 2015.
7. Litvinceva N.Ju. Prava lichnosti v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. – Irkutsk: Izd- vo BGU, 2016.
8. Aleksandrov A.S. Kritika koncepcii ob"ektivnoj istiny // Ugolovnyj process. – 2012. – # 6 (90).
9. Kornakova S.V. Sostjazatel'nost' – uslovie ravnopravija storon v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve //Juridicheskaja nauka i pravoohranitel'naja praktika. – 2009. – # 1 (7).
10. Pobedkin A.V. Moral'nye pobedy – ne schitajutsja?// Biblioteka kriminalista. Nauchnyj zhurnal. –2012. – # 4 (5).
 
JUDICIARY
Manukyan A. R.
Problems with the application of general rules for investigative actions
The problems of the practice of conducting investigative actions have always had their relevance from ancient times to this day.
Legislation has not changed significantly for a long time, and this issue needs, in our opinion, new developments. Despite the presence of production rules, there are a number of tactical problems. The content of the article explores the criminal procedure category of investigative actions as the basis of criminal proceedings, as well as the main problems of investigative tactics. Specific practical examples of conducting investigative actions with errors that negatively affect the judicial system are considered.
Keywords: problems, criminal proceedings, errors, investigative actions, rules.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 01.07.2021, s izm. ot 23.09.2021) // Rossijskaja gazeta. - # 249. -22.12.2001.
2. Prigovor # 1-18/2021 ot 8 ijunja 2021 g. po delu # 1-18/2021.
3. Usova Ju. I., Ipatova A. Ju. Obshhie pravila proizvodstva sledstvennyh dejstvij: problemy primenenija // Central'nyj nauchnyj vestnik. - 2020. - T.5. - # 11 (100). - S. 32-34.
4. Cagalaev V. B. Problemy dopushhenija oshibok pri proizvodstve sledstvennyh dejstvij // Agrarnoe i zemel'noe pravo. - 2019. - # 7 (175). - S. 144-147.
5. Delo # 96/8937 // Arhiv Volgogradskogo oblastnogo suda.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Gauzhaeva V. A., Prokofjeva E. V.
To the question of the role of the criminalistic characteristics of the criminal’s personality in the investigation of violations of environmental protection rules.
In the article, the author gives a general concept of forensic characteristics and reveals the content of the forensic characteristics of a person who has committed a violation of the rules of environmental protection. The interest in this topic is dictated by the fact that due to the lack of knowledge of this issue, it is significantly difficult to bring the guilty persons to justice.
The novelty of the article is seen in the author’s approach in the presentation of the available material.
Keywords: forensic characteristics, forensic characteristics of the individual, violation of environmental protection rules, investigation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Fajzullina A. A., Shaihov F. F. Ponjatie kriminalisticheskoj harakteristiki prestuplenij i ee znachenie dlja raskrytija i rassledovanija prestuplenij // Juzhno-ural'skie kriminalisticheskie chtenija: doklady Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Ufa, 20 dekabrja 2016 goda. - Ufa:Bashkirskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2016.- S. 81-85.
2. Akkaeva H. A. Osobennosti preduprezhdenija narushenij sanitarno-jepidemiologicheskih pravil v uslovijah pandemii // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2021. - T. 14. - # 3. - S. 158-161.
3. Chudinov R. A. Sub"ektivnoe otnoshenie k prirode kak harakteristika samoaktualizirujushhejsja lichnosti // Intellektual'nyj potencial XXI veka: stupeni poznanija. - 2013. - # 15. - S. 99-105.
4. Buraeva L. A., Dadova Z. I. Biologicheskij terrorizm: ponjatie, sushhnost', projavlenija // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2020. - # 2. - S.134–136.
5. Dubovik O. L., Zhalinskij A. Je. Prichiny jekologicheskih prestuplenij. - M.: Nauka, 1988. - 238s.
6. Tarajko V. I. Analiz lichnosti jekologicheskogo prestupnika // Vestnik Severnogo (Arkticheskogo)Federal'nogo Universiteta. Serija: Gumanitarnye i social'nye nauki. - 2017. - S. 108-114. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/analiz-lichnosti-ekologicheskogoprestupnika/viewer/ (data obrashhenija: 17.12.2021).
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Nagoeva M. A.
About obtaining criminally significant information during the inspection of the scene
The article stated the need to obtain information from an expert on the inspection of the scene to search for the criminal in the “hot pursuit”. Particular attention is paid to the methodology of identifying and fixing hidden traces through the use of modern expert techniques for the accurate orientation of objects on the ground when examining the scene of an accident.
In addition, the most frequent mistakes of investigators are described and the need for the development of the practice of examining the scene with the use of technical and forensic means is proved.
Keywords: inspection of the scene, technical and forensic means, material evidence, expert, investigator.
Work bibliographic list
1. Barsukova T. V. Neotlozhnye sledstvennye dejstvija i oshibki pri ih proizvodstve: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. - Voronezh, 2003. - 35 s.
2. Enikeev M. I., Chernyh Je. A. Psihologija osmotra mesta proisshestvija: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid.nauk. - M., 2009. - 68 c.
3. Thakumachev B. Ju. Taktiko-organizacionnye osobennosti uchastija specialista pri proizvodstve sledstvennyh dejstvij: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid.nauk. - Nal'chik, 2005. - 134 s.
4. Shepel' N. V. Vzaimodejstvie sledovatelja s sotrudnikom jekspertno-kriminalisticheskogo podrazdelenija pri raskrytii i rassledovanii prestuplenij: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. - Barnaul, 2006. - 89 s.
5. Jakimov N. I. Kriminalistika. Rukovodstvo po ugolovnoj tehnike i taktike: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. - M., 2011. - 52 s.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Stanovaya O. V. Chetverous A. N.
Features of working with material evidence containing traces of biological origin, associated with the subsequent appointment and conduct of DNA examinations
An analysis of investigative and expert practice shows that during inspections of incident sites, material evidence with traces of biological origin, such as blood, sweat, hair, saliva, semen, etc., is often seized, for which DNA examinations are subsequently ordered.
However, when working with these objects, both at inspections of the scene of incidents and in laboratories during the production of examinations, errors often occur related to their detection, fixation, seizure, packaging, which in the future can lead either to the loss of a trace, or to the conclusion that solution of the issue, as well as to contamination of the object of study with biological traces of unauthorized persons.
The article discusses and explains the typical errors encountered when working with traces of biological origin, some practical recommendations are given for their removal and work with them.
Keywords: examination of the scene, traces of biological origin, DNA examination, seizure of physical evidence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Provedenie jekspertiz metodom DNK-analiza.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eq7nUhXJaYU (data obrashhenija: 06.02.2022).
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Yusupov A. M.
Interaction of the investigator with the authorities and persons involved in the procedural actions when checking the report of a crime in the credit and financial sphere
The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the investigator’s interaction at the verification stage of consideration of a crime report in the credit and financial sphere. The general tasks and basic principles of the investigator’s interaction at this stage, the peculiarities of the production of certain investigative actions, during the production of the inspection, going before the initiation of the case, are highlighted.
The main problems of the investigator’s interaction with other authorities at the initial stage of consideration of reports of a crime in the credit and financial sphere are highlighted. The analysis of the current norms of the criminal procedure legislation, the existing problems in the application of the criminal procedure institute of the investigator’s interaction with the subjects participating in the pre-investigation stage in the verification of a crime report is given.
Keywords: illegal banking activity, investigator, body of inquiry, pre-investigation check.
Work bibliographic list
1. Olimpiev A. Ju., Strazhnikova O. M. Metodicheskie rekomendacii po rassledovaniju prestuplenij v kreditno-bankovskoj sfere (stat'ja 172 UK RF) //Vestnik MU MVD Rossii. - 2019. - # 2. - S. 170-177.
2. Halikov A. N. Teorija i praktika vyjavlenija i rassledovanija dolzhnostnyh prestuplenij: kriminalisticheskij aspekt: diss. d-ra jurid. nauk. - Ufa, 2011. - S. 503.
3. Rossinskaja E. R., Zinin A. M. Istorija stanovlenija i razvitija instituta sudebnoj jekspertizy v Rossii // Vestnik Universiteta imeni O. E. Kutafina.- 2015. - # 12. - S. 18-37.
4. Aminev F. G. Sudebno-jekspertnaja dejatel'nost' v Rossijskoj Federacii: sovremennye problemy i puti ih reshenija: avtoref. dis… kand. jurid. nauk.- Ufa, Bashkirskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2016. - S. 164.
5. Suprun S. V., Mirzemetov S. A. Vzaimodejstvie sledovatelja organov vnutrennih del s operativnym podrazdeleniem MVD Rossii pri proverke soobshhenij o prestuplenijah // Vestnik SPbU MVD Rossii. - 2014. - # 4 (64). - S. 48-54.
 
CRIMINALISTICS
Nagoeva M. A.
Topical issues of glove trace research
In this scientific article, the issues of the use of technical and forensic tools to improve the efficiency of the search for traces of fingers in the production of investigative actions are investigated.
The results of methods for detecting traces of gloves of various ages, the specified group, known and new alternative methods and means are presented. When working with traces of gloves, it is necessary to take into account the fact that these traces often contain smaller details than the traces of papillary patterns, therefore, even greater care should be taken with them so that the displays of trace details (fabric interlacing, knitting, etc.) are not destroyed or clogged with an excessive amount of powder.
Glove marks can be successfully used in the detection and proof of crimes, the creation of an evidence base based on them.
Keywords: criminalistics; finger marks; identification; expert activity, glove marks.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sostojanie prestupnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii za janvar'-sentjabr' 2021 goda // Ministerstvo Vnutrennih Del Rossijskoj Federacii FKU «Glavnyj informacionno-analiticheskij centr».
2. Kornouhov V. E., Anciferov V. K., Morozov G. P. i dr. Daktiloskopicheskaja jekspertiza: Sovremen. sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija. - Krasnojarsk: Izd-vo Krasnojar. unta, 1990. - S. 42-48
3. Harlamova O. A. Osobennosti primenenija sovremennyh daktiloskopicheskih poroshkov dlja vyjavlenija sledov pal'cev ruk na razlichnyh poverhnostjah// Vestnik Akademii jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti MVD Rossii. - 2015. - # 2. - S. 61-65.
4. Prokof'eva E. V., Jakutina O. S. Novye vozmozhnye sredstva vyjavlenija sledov pal'cev ruk, v tom chisle ostavlennyh zhirovymi zagrjaznenijami // Kriminalisticheskaja tehnika. - Volgograd: Volgogradskaja akademija MVD Rossii, 2017. - S. 71-73.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Akhiyarov R. A., Nikolaev N. Yu., Koshevets G. V.
On the issues of readiness of an employee of the internal affairs bodies for emergency situations
On a daily basis, employees of the internal affairs bodies carry out their duties to protect the life and health of citizens, preserve property, ensure security and public order, including using firearms and special means. An important condition is the readiness of an employee of the internal affairs bodies to perform duties in emergency situations of a natural and man-made nature, when every action, reception and rules of life support from adverse external factors will affect the preservation of life and health of themselves and surrounding citizens. Therefore, the employee’s emergency preparedness for various emergencies on the territory of Russia is an important component for ensuring the safety of citizens and public order.
Keywords: emergency, security, region, location, employee, life, health.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gosudarstvennyj doklad «O sostojanii zashhity naselenija i territorij Rossijskoj Federacii ot chrezvychajnyh situacij prirodnogo i tehnogennogo haraktera v 2020 godu». - M.: MChS Rossii. FGBU VNII GOChS (FC), 2021.
2. Problemy i algoritmy obespechenija lichnoj bezopasnosti sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del v situacijah, svjazannyh s primeneniem ognestrel'nogo oruzhija: uchebno-prakticheskoe posobie / A. A. Romanov, R. A. Ahijarov, V. I. Davletov, R. R. Muzafin; Ufimskij juridicheskij institut Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii. - Ufa:Ufimskij JuI MVD Rossii, 2020. - 31 s.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Bogdanov A. V., Kochnev A. A.
The role of modern software in the process of optimizing information and analytical work in the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation
The article deals with topical issues of improving information and analytical work in the internal
affairs bodies of the Russian Federation, in terms of determining the prospects for the introduction of modern software into the unified system of information and analytical support for the activities of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation (ISOD of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia). A significant increase in information arrays requiring processing, structuring and analysis, within the framework of the daily activities of the internal affairs bodies, necessitates further optimization of the resources of the ISOD of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. At the same time, it is important to ensure prompt access to the resources of the ISOD of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia by authorized officials of the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia from their automated workstations (APMs).
The introduction of modern software will expand the capabilities of the ISOD of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia and provide authorized access to its resources for ARM users.
Keywords: information and analytical work, automated workplace, internal affairs bodies, software, information technology, information system.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bogdanov A. V. Rol' i mesto sistemnogo analiza v processe upravlenija organami vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii // V sbornike: Strategicheskoe razvitie sistemy MVD Rossii: sostojanie, tendencii, perspektivy. Sbornik nauchnyh statej po materialam Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii.- Moskva, 2021. - S. 58-64.
2. Dolgopolov A. A., Belokon' A. V. O teoreticheskih problemah administrativno-pravovogo regulirovanija informacionnogo obespechenija dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del // Obshhestvo i pravo. - 2016. - #3 (57). - S. 165-170.
3. Zhukova P. N., Nasonova V. A. Napravlenija uluchshenija informacionno-analiticheskogo obespechenija dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del // Problemy pravoohranitel'noj dejatel'nosti. - 2018. - # 3. - S. 21-24.
4.  Kolesnikov V. A. Informacionno-analiticheskoe obespechenie processa upravlenija v organah vnutrennih del // Vestnik Ufimskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2018. - # 1 (79). - S. 102-106.
5.  Lukashov N. V. Pravovye i organizacionnye osnovy povyshenija jeffektivnosti operativnogo vzaimodejstvija grazhdan i policii s ispol'zovaniem sovremennyh informacionnyh tehnologij // Trudy Akademii upravlenija MVD Rossii. - 2017. - # 3. - S.181-183.
6. Novichkova E. E., Soroka V. G. Analiticheskaja rabota v OVD i puti ee sovershenstvovanija // Pravoporjadok istorija, teorija, praktika. - 2019. - # 2 (21). - S. 11-15.
7.  Ul'janov A. D. Sovershenstvovanie informacionno-analiticheskoj raboty v territorial'nyh organah MVD Rossii // Trudy akademii upravlenija MVD Rossii. - 2020. - # 2 (54). - S. 30-40.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Goncharenкo E. V., Taysaeva S. B., Deev A. A.
Psychological portrait (profile) of a situational molester in psychological and forensic practice
The article presents a practical case of a situational molester according to the typology of K. Lanning. The work of a psychologist with a specific case in the practice of a clinical psychologist and an investigator is described. Appealing to scientific views and law enforcement practice, the authors cite as an example a portrait of a psychopathic personality, draw their own conclusions about the possibility and importance of using K. Lanning’s classification in the professional activities of investigators and psychologists.
Keywords: situational molester, psychological portrait, psychopathic personality.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bereslavskaja E.B. Vegetososudistaja distonija. Sovremennyj vzgljad na lechenie i profilaktiku. – M.:IG «Ves'», 2008. –170 s.
2. Duglas D., Olshejker M. Psihologicheskij portret ubijcy. Metodiki FBR. – M.: Rodina, 2019. –432 s.
3. Sapol'ski R. Biologija dobra i zla. Kak nauka ob'jasnjaet nashi postupki. – M.: Al'pina non-fikshn, 2021. – 776 s.
4. Tkachenko A.A., Vvedenskij G.E., Dvorjanchikova N.V. Sudebnaja seksologija. – M.: Binom, 2020. – 648 s.
5. Ekman P., Friesen W. V., Hager J. C. Facial Action Coding System: the Manual. 2th ed. Salt Lake City:Research Nexus eBook; 2002.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Karimova G. Yu.
The role of the district police commissioner in the implementation of measures to prevent homelessness and juvenile delinquency
The article lists individual measures to prevent offenses and crimes of minors. The role of the district police commissioner in the prevention of homelessness and juvenile delinquency is outlined. The main forms of service of the district police commissioner for work with minors are disclosed. It is proposed to consider the issue of further systematization of the legislative framework in the field of prevention of antisocial behavior of minors and the possibility of professional development of employees and employees of state bodies and public organizations with the authority to ensure law and order among adolescents.
Keywords: minors, internal affairs bodies, subjects of prevention, offense, homelessness, preventive measures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Markina Je. V., Sosnovskaja Ju. N. Problemnye voprosy, svjazannye s organizaciej dejatel'nosti uchastkovogo upolnomochennogo policii po rassmotreniju i razresheniju obrashhenij grazhdan // Vestnik jekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti. - 2017. - # 2. - S. 153-156.
2. Bikkinin I. A., Murzakov Ju. A., Filippov N. L. Problemy upravlenija rabotoj uchastkovogo upolnomochennogo policii s obrashhenijami grazhdan //Nauka Krasnojar'ja. - 2020. - T. 9. - # 3-2. - S. 7-14.
3. Karimova G. Ju. Soderzhanie osnovnyh meroprijatij, provodimyh sub"ektami profilaktiki v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnih pravonarushitelej// Modern Science. - 2021. - # 9-2. - S. 97-101.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Kumysheva M. K., Abazova E. K.
Features and procedure for the application of administrative coercion measures by the police
This article is devoted to the specifics and procedure for the application of administrative coercion measures by police officers. At their core, these measures involve some kind of interference in the comfort zone of citizens and their goal is to encroach on the rights and freedoms of a person as an individual, and thus assume the most receptive method of public administration. The effectiveness and legality of the application of administrative coercion measures largely determines the attitude of society to the authorities, the trust of citizens, determines the legitimacy of the authorities. Thus, the police play an important role in its application. The authors conducted an analysis of this legal norm, as well as carried out a certain classification of coercive measures, which allows us to identify the features and procedure for their application.
Keywords: administrative coercion, method of persuasion, legality and law and order, police, public order and public safety.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kodeks ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: SPS Konsul'tantPljus.
2. Administrativnoe prinuzhdenie v dejatel'nosti policii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://spravochnick.ru/pravo_i_yurisprudenciya/administrativnoe_prinuzhdenie_v_deyatelnosti_policii/ (data obrashhenija: 01.02.2022).
3. Federal'nyj zakon ot 07.02.2011 # 3-FZ (red. Ot 21.12.2021) «O policii». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_110165/1a77f21f40b6c8b64003f9cd4c97
f2fac833635d/ (data obrashhenija: 05.02.2022).
4. Zaprutin D. G. Mery administrativnogo prinuzhdenija, primenjaemye policiej v otnoshenii grazhdan // Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Serija «Pravo». - 2019. - T. 16. - # 2. - S. 34-39.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Maseychuk Yu. M., Bayramov S. A., Marchenko K. S.
Actual problems of fire and tactical-special training at the present stage
The article deals with the actual problems of fire and tactical special training at the present stage of training cadets and trainees in educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. Some ways of their solution are given. The ways of maintaining and improving professional skills in conditions of restrictions on attending practical classes and distance learning are revealed. It also describes the factors-stimuli that cadets and students need to train in order to overcome stressful situations and loss of self-control.
Keywords: shooting, weapons, fire and tactical special training, actual problems, shooting training.
Work bibliographic list
1. Masejchuk Ju. M., Aktual'nye problemy podgotovki sportsmenov-strelkov v obrazovatel'nyh organizacijah MVD Rossii V sbornike: Sovershenstvovanie ognevoj i taktiko-special'noj podgotovki sotrudnikov pravoohranitel'nyh organov // Sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj konferencii. - Orjol, 2021.- S. 133-135.
2. Masejchuk Ju. M., Murtazin A. I. Osnovy bezopasnogo obrashhenija s oruzhiem v prakticheskoj strel'be. V sbornike: Sovershenstvovanie metodiki prepodavanija special'nyh professional'nyh disciplin v obrazovatel'nyh organizacijah MVD Rossii // Materialy VIII Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Redkollegija:A. S. Dudko, A. A. Frolov, Ju. A. Napalkov [i dr.].- Krasnodar, 2021. - S. 138-141.
3. Masejchuk Ju. M., Priemy psihologicheskoj samoreguljacii i metody, sposobstvujushhie razvitiju professional'nyh navykov i masterstvu strel'by sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Barnaul'skogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - 2021. - # 2 (41). - S. 23-24.
4. Romanov A. A., Masejchuk Ju. M., Vagapov T. H. Sovershenstvovanie samostojatel'noj podgotovki obuchajushhihsja po osnovam professional'noj dejatel'nosti (v chasti izuchenija professional'nyh modulej).Uchebnoe posobie. - Ufa: Ufimskij JuI MVD Rossii, 2020. - S. 20-22.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Stepanova A. A.
The content of the control and supervisory activities of the internal affairs bodies in the field of migration
The article is devoted to the analysis of the content of the control and supervisory activities of the Department of Internal Affairs in the field of migration, through consideration of the forms and methods of this activity, as well as functions implemented by creating regulatory legal acts in relation to an indefinite circle of persons.
Keywords: control and supervisory activities, migration, internal affairs bodies, migration legal relations, crimes, administrative offenses, migration situation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ob osobennostjah osushhestvlenija v 2020 godu gosudarstvennogo kontrolja (nadzora), municipal'nogo kontrolja i o vnesenii izmenenija v punkt 7 Pravil podgotovki organami gosudarstvennogo kontrolja (nadzora) i organami municipal'nogo kontrolja ezhegodnyh planov provedenija planovyh proverok juridicheskih lic i individual'nyh predprinimatelej: postanovlenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 3 aprelja 2020 g. # 438. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/(data obrashhenija: 17.09.2021).
2. O policii: Federal'nyj zakon ot 7 fevralja 2011g. # 3-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/(data obrashhenija:17.09.2021).
3. O koncepcii gosudarstvennoj migracionnoj politiki Rossijskoj Federacii na 2019 – 2025 gody:Ukaz Prezidenta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 31 oktjabrja 2018 g. # 622. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/(data obrashhenija:17.09.2021).
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Teligisova S. S.
The process of forming the value orientations of the personality of a law enforcement officer for the effective performance of their professional activities
This article analyzes the concepts of «professional competence», «value orientations», reveals the essential characteristics of «general professional competencies», «universal competencies» and «professional competencies» of law enforcement officers as a direct result of designing «professional competence», justifies the use of a value-oriented (axiological) approach as a methodological basis for research.
Keywords: value orientations, integrative personality quality, personality-oriented paradigm, axiological approach, professional competence, general professional competencies, universal competencies, professional competencies.
Work bibliographic list
1. Beznosov S. P. Professional'naja deformacija lichnosti. – SPb.: Rech', 2004. – 272 s.
2. Bratus' B. S. Nravstvennoe soznanie lichnosti:(Psihol. issledovanija). – M.: Znanie, 1985. – 64 s.
3. Druzhilov S. A. Psihologija professionalizma. –2-e izd., ispr., dop. – Har'kov: Izd-vo «Gumanitarnyj Centr», 2017. – 360 s.
4. Zeer Je. F. Psihologija professij. – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. – M.: Akademicheskij proekt, 2003. – 336 s.
5. Zeer Je. F., Symanjuk Je. Je. Psihologija professional'nyh destrukcij. – M.: Akademicheskij proekt;Ekaterinburg: Delovaja kniga, 2005. – 240 s.
6. O Strategii nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii: ukaz Prezidenta Ros. Federacii ot 31 dekabrja 2015 g. # 683 // Sobr. Zakonodatel'stva Ros. Federacii. – 2016. – # 1. – Ch. 2. – St. 212.
7. O Strategii razvitija vospitanija v Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2025 goda: rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Ros. Federacii ot 29 maja 2015 g. # 996-r // Ros. gaz. 2015. – 8 ijunja.
8. Perednja D. G. Imidzh policii Rossii, jempiricheskij analiz // Vestnik Vostochno-Sibirskogo instituta MVD Rossii. – 2016. – # 1 (76). – S. 112-123.
9. Prikaz MVD ot 26 ijunja 2020g. # 460 «Ob utverzhdenii Kodeksa jetiki i sluzhebnogo povedenija sotrudnikov organov vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii».
10. Prikaz Ministerstva nauki i vysshego obrazovanija RF ot 26 nojabrja 2020 g. # 1456 «O vnesenii izmenenij v federal'nye gosudarstvennye obrazovatel'nye standarty vysshego obrazovanija», zaregistrirovannyj Ministerstvom justicii Rossijskoj Federacii # 63650 ot 27.05.2021 g. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/400719549/ (data obrashhenija:23.12.2021).
11. Sagatovskij V. N. Aksiologija tvorchestva // Nauka. Iskusstvo. Kul'tura. – 2012. – #1.
12. Slastenin V. A., Chizhakova G. I. Vvedenie v pedagogicheskuju aksiologiju: ucheb. posobie dlja stud. vyssh.ped. ucheb. zavedenij. – M.: Izd. Centr «Akademija», 2003. – 192 s.
13. Sorokin P. A Obshhedostupnyj uchebnik sociologii. Stat'i raznyh let. – M.: Nauka, 1994. – 560 s.
14. Strazhi porjadka: monitoring otnoshenija obshhestva k rossijskoj policii. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://wciom.ru/analytical-reviews/analiticheskii-obzor/strazhi-porjadka-monitoringotnoshenijaobshchestva-k-rossiiskoi-policii (data obrashhenija: 23.12.2021).
15. Timofeeva S. V. Aksiologicheskij podhod v obrazovanii – naivazhnejshij faktor vospitanija duhovnogo i tvorcheskogo nachal v lichnosti // Vestnik KrasGau. 2009. # 3. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ (data obrashhenija: 23.12.2021).
16. Shohin V. K. / Aksiologija // Novaja filosofskaja jenciklopedija: v 4 t. / Pred. Nauch.-red. soveta V. S. Stjopin. – 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. – M.: Mysl', 2010. –2816 s.
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Urusov Z. Kh.
Features of bringing citizens to administrative responsibility when they disseminate information on social networks in relation to officials (police)
The author of the article insists in the proposed material that the norms of administrative legislation specifying responsibility for citizens when they disseminate information on social networks in relation to officials (police) are characterized by a number of problematic aspects. Among the problems are the following: the legal basis of responsibility, in the context of offenses in social networks, is just being formed; competition between the provisions of the Code of Administrative Offenses (hereinafter referred to as the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation) and criminal legislation; low efficiency of investigation and judicial proceedings in administrative cases against citizens when they disseminate information on social networks; inefficiency of the punishment imposed, etc. This circumstance allowed the author to make a recommendation on the need to improve the norms of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation in this area, taking into account the practice of their application, which is necessary not only for the safe functioning of the Russian state, but society and person in general.
The author’s approach to the problem testifies to the novelty of the article.
Keywords: administrative responsibility, citizens, officials, police officers, social networks
Work bibliographic list
1. Prezident RF podpisal zakon o zaprete na publikaciju dannyh o chastnoj zhizni i rabote silovikov.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.business-gazeta.ru/news/494501 (data obrashhenija: 29.09.2021).
2. Federal'nyj zakon ot 01.04.2020 # 99-FZ (red. Ot 29.12.2020) «O vnesenii izmenenij v Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah» // Dostup iz pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
3. Aktual'nye problemy privlechenija k administrativnoj otvetstvennosti za pravonarushenija v informacionnoj sfere. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://urfac.ru/?p=2079 (data obrashhenija: 29.09.2021).
4. Bezruchko E. V., Rysaj B. G. Nekotorye problemy administrativnoj otvetstvennosti v sfere svjazi i informacii // JuP. - 2020. - # 1 (92).
 
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
Goncharenкo Ye. V., Taysaeva S. B., Bannikov D. V.
Lie as a psychothraumatic factor in a minor in the practice of a psychologist and investigator
The article shows how lies are revealed in the course of investigative actions and the work of a psychologist. The work with a specific case of child deception in the practice of a clinical psychologist and investigator is described. Appealing to scientific views and law enforcement practice, the authors cite psychological portraits as an example, draw their own conclusions about the possibility and importance of personal participation, understanding, empathy as moral, moral and humanistic – model of attitudes towards children in the professional activities of investigators and psychologists.
Keywords: children’s lies, psychotrauma, teenager, psychological portrait.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grinenko A. V. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. – M.: Prospekt, 2021. – 1288 s.
2. Duglas Dzh. Seksual'nye man'jaki. Psihologicheskie portrety i motivy. – M.: Bombora, 2021. – 367 s.
3. Karvasarskij B. D. Psihoterapevticheskaja jenciklopedija. – SPb.: Piter Kom, 1998. – 752 s.
4. Malkina-Pyh I. G. Viktimiologija. Psihologija povedenija zhertvy. – SPb.: Piter, 2018. – 832 s.
5. Tkachenko A. A., Vvedenskij G. E., Dvorjanchikov N. V. Sudebnaja seksologija. – M.: Binom, 2020. – 646 s.
6. Hamfri N. «Social'naja funkcija intellekta». V «Tochki rosta v jetologii» / Pod red. P. P. G. Bejtson i R. A. Hajnd. – Kembridzh: Cambridge University Press, 1976. – S. 303-317.
7. Jekman P. Lguny ili fantazery. Pravda o detskoj lzhi. – SPb.: Piter, 2017. – 272 s.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Akhtamyanov R. R., Bayramov S. A., Yakushev A. V.
The main threats in the field of information and communication technologies
This article will consider the problems arising in the investigation of crimes in the field of information and communication technologies, the complexity of their disclosure and the interaction of law enforcement agencies with other services. The increasing statistics of crimes in the field of IT technologies in comparison with 2021 are given. The main features of cybercrime are also listed.
Keywords: information, technologies, disclosure, interaction, law enforcement agencies, IT technology, cybercrime.
Work bibliographic list
1. The World Economic Forum. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.weforum.org/ (data obrashhenija: 18.01.2021).
2. Paramonov A. V., Harin V. V. Nekotorye aspekty obespechenija nacional'noj bezopasnosti v informacionnoj sfere // Aktual'nye problemy gosudarstva i prava. - 2021. - # 17. - S. 4.
3. Samurhanov M. S. Ponjatie i osobennosti kiberprestupnosti // Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. - 2020. - # 4-3. - S. 2.
4. Askerova T. Chislo prestuplenij v Internete s nachala goda vyroslo na 50 % // Parlamentskaja gazeta.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.pnp.ru/politics/chislo-prestupleniy-v-internetes-nachala-goda-vyroslo-na-50.html/ (data obrashhenija:19.01.2021).
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Zhukov A. Z., Ingushev C. K., Shkakhova F. A., Makhov I. A.
Topical issues in the development of cybersecurity in the Sberanka ecosystem
Sberbank is one of the leaders in the Russian market in terms of developing cybersecurity tools. In recent years, Sberbank has positioned itself as a high-tech company that provides not only banking services, but also non-banking services. The most important component is the Sberbank ecosystem, which is actively developing. The development and implementation of the ecosystem has led to an increase in cybercrime. The growth in the number of cybercrimes requires the development of new mechanisms that ensure the cybersecurity of not only the bank i tself, but also its subsidiaries. This is a difficult job that requires a systematic, highly professional approach. Creating an effective information security system for the ecosystem is a difficult task,
since each subsidiary company has its own business features that must be taken into account when developing and implementing mechanisms to ensure cybersecurity.
Keywords: Sberbank, ecosystem, cybersecurity, subsidiaries, management, information, risk, domain.
Work bibliographic list
1. Polozhenie Banka Rossii ot 17 aprelja 2019 g. #683-P «Ob ustanovlenii objazatel'nyh dlja kreditnyh organizacij trebovanij k obespecheniju zashhity informacii pri osushhestvlenii bankovskoj dejatel'nosti v celjah protivodejstvija osushhestvleniju perevodov denezhnyh sredstv bez soglasija klienta».
2. Osnovnye napravlenija razvitija informacionnoj bezopasnosti kreditno-finansovoj sfery na period 2019-2021 godov (utv. Bankom Rossii).
3. Bykanova N. I., Bykanova N. I., Formirovanie jekosistem bankov v uslovijah cifrovizacii bankovskogo prostranstva // Jekonomika. Informatika. – 2020. – Tom 27. # 1. – S. 91-100.
4. Zhukov A. Z. Problema rosta kolichestva jekonomicheskih prestuplenij v Rossijskoj Federacii putem ispol'zovanija informacionnyh tehnologij v uslovijah globalizacii // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. – 2019. – #3. – S. 119-121.
5. Ivanovich M. N. Jekosistema PAO Sberbank. Produkty jekosistemy dlja juridicheskih lic // Dostizhenija nauki i obrazovanija. – 2020. – S. 49-50.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Kanokova L. Yu.
Problems of using search equipment to ensure the safety of citizens
The paper provides information on the main types of dangerous and explosive objects and what measures are taken to detect them.
Technical equipment: purpose, examples, characteristics, -and the issues law enforcement agencies face in using it. And also some principles of operation, technical characteristics, features and conditions for the use of these tools are analyzed, the main problematic points and negative factors associated with their use are highlighted.
Keywords: means of detection of explosives, metal detectors, x-ray installations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Belozerov Ju. N. Nezakonnyj oborot ognestrel'nogo oruzhija, boepripasov, vzryvchatyh veshhestv i vzryvnyh ustrojstv. – M.: VSh, 2016. – S. 74.
2. Sajt MVD RF. Sostojanie prestupnosti - janvar'-oktjabr' 2015 goda. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://mvd.ru/folder/101762/item/6765514/. (Data obrashhenija 8 dekabrja 2016 g)
3. Ponomarenko D. V. sovremennye vozmozhnosti avtomaticheskoj informacionno-poiskovoj sistemy markirovochnyh oboznachenij vzryvnyh ustrojstv promyshlennogo izgotovlenija // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija. – 2015. –# 2. – S. 15.
4. Antiterror. Tehnicheskie sredstva antiterrora. Informacionnye materialy. – M.: DGSK MVD, 2016. – S. 55
5. Semenov A. Ju., Shvyrev A. V. Vzryvy i obnaruzhenie vzryvnyh ustrojstv (voprosy organizacii i metodiki raboty): metod. rekomendacii. – M.:MC MVD, 1991. – S. 67.
6. Poisk i obezvrezhivanie vzryvnyh ustrojstv. Sbornik materialov. – SPb.: Ajeroport, 2016. – S. 95.
7. Kochetkov M. Kakie sredstva poiska nuzhny dlja obespechenija pravoporjadka? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.epochtimes.ru/content/view/77578/9. Data obrashhenija 03.11.2016.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Kodzokova L. A., Kumysheva M. K.
International legal mechanisms for countering terrorism
The modern system of countering terrorism is not limited to the detection and suppression of terrorist activities. Given the complexity and complexity of the analyzed criminal act as terrorism, it seems necessary to investigate modern mechanisms for countering terrorism, taking into account the theoretical and legal foundations of this process and the achievements of law enforcement practice in this area. In addition, it seems advisable not to limit ourselves to the national system of combating terrorism in Russia and analyze international standards on the stated issues.
Keywords: terrorism, cyberterrorism, counteraction, globalization, crimes, modernity, struggle.
Work bibliographic list
1. Apetik E. N. Terrorizm: ponjatie i sushhnost' //Postulat. - 2019. - # 2 (40). - S. 11-17.
2. Bugaev R. A., Ivanova S. I. Terrorizm: k opredeleniju ponjatija // Gosudarstvo i obshhestvo v sovremennoj politike: Sbornik nauchnyh statej materialov 6-j Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Voronezhskij filial FGBOU VO «Rossijskaja akademija narodnogo hozjajstva i gosudarstvennoj sluzhby pri Prezidente Rossijskoj Federacii», 2019. - S. 41-43.
3. Volevodz A. G. Mezhdunarodno-pravovaja kriminalizacija mezhdunarodnogo terrorizma // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. - 2014. - # 2. - S. 155-161.
4. Manukjan A. R., Gutieva I. G. Teoretiko-pravovye osnovy protivodejstvija terrorizmu v sovremennom mire // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2022. - # 1 (164). - S. 251-252.
5. Kirilenko V. P., Alekseev G. V. Protivodejstvie ideologii sovremennogo terrorizma // Upravlencheskoe konsul'tirovanie. - 2018. - # 5 (113). - S.8-18.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Korkmazov A. V.
Countering extremism and terrorism as a priority for ensuring national security
The article deals with the issues of countering extremism and terrorism - the two most dangerous phenomena for society and the state. Emissaries of extremism and terrorism expand their borders by recruiting new members who are ready to commit extremist and terrorist crimes. Their ranks are also constantly replenished by active participants who freely supply international extremist-terrorist organizations with weapons, ammunition, explosives, vehicles and equipment, as well as the necessary documents, recruiters and accomplices who finance large-scale and major terrorist operations. There has been a steady increase in the number of victims of terrorist attacks and violent extremism around the world. Summarizing the issues of countering the phenomena of extremism and terrorism, special importance should be attached to the prevention and prevention of these crimes.
Keywords: extremism, terrorism, counteraction, prevention, national security
Work bibliographic list
1. Gedugoshev R. R., Korsakov Ju. V., Abazova M. V. Osnovnye napravlenija protivodejstvija terrorizmu i jekstremizmu v sovremennyh uslovijah // Zhurnal prikladnyh issledovanij. - 2021. - T. 2. - # 5. - S.185-189.
2. Zhamborov A. A. Sovremennyj terrorizm i jekstremizm kak potencial'naja ugroza bezopasnosti gosudarstva // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve.- 2021. - T. 14. - # 3. - S. 32-36.
3. Kamergoev B. M. Rol' gosudarstvennogo upravlenija v oblasti obespechenija bezopasnosti po protivodejstviju terrorizmu // Voprosy rossijskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava. - 2019. - T. 9. - # 8-1. - S. 114-120.
4. Korkmazov A. V. «Terrorizm» i «jekstremizm» kak opasnost' sovremennyh realij // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021. - # 8 (159). - S. 398-399.
5. Magomedov M. N., Bozieva Ju. G. O sposobah protivodejstvija molodezhnomu jekstremizmu // Gosudarstvennaja sluzhba i kadry. - 2021. - # 1. - S. 146-147.
6. Muhtarov D. D., Galimov S. A. Problemnye aspekty pravovogo regulirovanija protivodejstvija terrorizmu // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve.- 2021. - T. 14. - # 4. - S. 37-40.
7. Tarchokov B. A., Tarchokova M. A. O faktorah, determinirujushhih sovremennyj jekstremizm v uslovijah globalizacii // Obrazovanie i pravo. - 2021. - # 6.- S. 347-351.
8. Fakov A. M. Dejatel'nost' organov vnutrennih del v sfere lokalizacii terrorizma v uslovijah globalizacii informacionnogo prostranstva // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. - 2020. - T. 13. - #4. - S. 91-93.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Kuchmezov R. A.
Extremism on the Internet: legal basis and problems of counteraction
The article deals with the problems of countering extremist ideology distributed on the Internet. The danger of this phenomenon for the normal development of the state and society is analyzed. It has been established that, despite the sufficiently developed measures to counter extremism committed online in the domestic legal doctrine, ways to improve the quality of combating this phenomenon by law enforcement agencies have not yet been found. Evidence of this is the annual reports of the territorial bodies of internal affairs, noting the growth of extremist slogans on the Internet. And the high level of latency of these crimes gives reason to assume their even greater number, as well as the difficulties that law enforcement officers face in identifying them. Measures are proposed to increase the effectiveness of counteraction and reduce the number of these crimes.
Keywords: administrative case, court session, administrative punishment, decision, protocol.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 #7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 # 11-FKZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 01.02.2022).
2. Kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah: federal'nyj zakon ot 30.12.2001 # 195-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 02.02.2022).
3. O protivodejstvii jekstremistskoj dejatel'nosti:federal'nyj zakon ot 25.07.2002 # 114-FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 02.02.2022).
4. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii: federal'nyj zakon ot 13.06.1996 # 63- FZ. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru(data obrashhenija: 01.02.2022).
5. Berezhnaja A. I., Jacyshina Ju. V., Jusifzade D. N. O. Vojna i nenavist' v seti: pravovye osnovy i problemy protivodejstvija internet-jekstremizmu // Original'nye issledovanija. - 2020. - T. 10. - # 6. - S. 355-367.
6. Kamergoev B. M. Problemy protivodejstvija molodjozhnomu jekstremizmu v seti internet // Problemy jekonomiki i juridicheskoj praktiki. - 2019. - T. 15.- # 3. - S. 67-69.
7. Mishin A. M. Problemy protivodejstvija jekstremizmu v seti internet // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2020. - # 2 (141). - S. 389-390.
8. Pavlinova E. Ju. Problemy protivodejstvija jekstremizmu v seti internet // Zakon i vlast'. - 2019.- # 2. - S. 50-53.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Nosatov Yu. N., Uvarov M. A.
Back to the issue of elections as a legal basis for the unlawful achievement of state power
This article attempts to give a legal assessment of the achievement of state power through the «color revolution». The stages of achieving state power in the above way are analyzed. The role of elections in the legitimization of state power achieved by destructive technologies is determined.
Keywords: electoral process, elections, “color revolutions”, destructive forces, protest actions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii: prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dekabrja 1993 g. //Ros. gaz. 2009. # 7.
2. Krasinskij V.V. Vybory kak mehanizm zahvata politicheskoj vlasti i realizacii inostrannoj vneshnej politiki // Voenno-juridicheskij zhurnal. 2006. # 3. S. 15-20.
3. Ljejn D. Oranzhevaja revoljucija: narodnaja revoljucija ili revoljucionnyj perevorot? // Polis. Politicheskie issledovanija. 2010. # 2. S.31-53.
4. Nosatov Ju.N. Pravovye i organizacionnye osnovy dejatel'nosti organov vnutrennih del po obespecheniju pravoporjadka v period provedenija predvybornoj agitacii: dis. … k M., 2019. 309 s.
5. Smirnov D.N. Realizacija sredstv deligitimizacija v hode «oranzhevoj» revoljucii // Nauchnye vedomosti Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Istorija. Politologija. 2008. # 5 (45). S. 171-177.
6. Sundiev I.Ju., Smirnov A.A., Kundetov A.I., Trofimov D.A. Issledovanie destruktivnyh tehnologij «cvetnyh revoljucij» i profilaktika vozmozhnosti ih primenenija v Rossijskoj Federacii: Posobie. M.: FGKU «VNII MVD Rossii», 2014. 86 s.
7. Habrieva T.Ja., Chirkin V.E. «Cvetnye revoljucii» i «arabskaja vesna» v konstitucionnom izmerenii: politologo-juridicheskoe issledovanie. M.:Izdatel'stvo Norma. 2019. 192 s.
8. Prihod'ko, N. Ju. Problemy pravovogo protivodejstvija prestupnosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2020. # 12 (151). S. 281-282.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Romanov A. A., Sobolev A. G.
About some methods of revealing a potential threat of a sniper in the activities of state protection units
The article discusses the features of organizing a sniper ambush and carrying out attacks on a protected person in a residential area.
The identification of these features makes it possible to develop measures and approaches to the organization of anti-sniper protection, planning and reconnaissance of routes and places to visit the protected person. The considered features allow both to identify the places of possible placement of sniper ambushes, and to identify snipers by characteristic features.
Keywords: state protection, sniper ambush, protected person, anti-sniper protection, threat carrier.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gusejnov A.A., Zhuravlev A.S. Uchet opasnyh mest pri razrabotke zapasnyh marshrutov peredvizhenija zashhishhaemogo lica pri realizacii mery bezopasnosti «lichnaja ohrana» // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2021. – # 6 (157). – S. 410-411.
2. Gusejnov A.A., Zajcev N.V. Razrabotka marshrutov peredvizhenija zashhishhaemogo lica pri realizacii mery bezopasnosti «lichnaja ohrana»: uchebno-prakticheskoe posobie; Ufimskij juridicheskij institut Ministerstva vnutrennih del Rossijskoj Federacii. – Ufa: Ufimskij JuI MVD Rossii, 2020. – 31 s.
3. Kozlov S.N. «Antisnajping» (organizacija protivodejstvija snajperu): uchebno-prakticheskoe posobie. – 2 izd. – M.: Akademicheskij proekt, 2019.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Taran A. N., Ogryza A. V., Taran K. A.
The problem of self-defense characteristics in Russian legislation
The article discusses the concepts of self-defense and the comparison of the characteristics of self-defense in Russian legislation.
The legislation of the Russian Federation identifies the criteria of self-defense as a crime, does not clarify the definition of exceeding the permissible defense, and also does not provide a clear explanation of the terminology of these aspects. The practice of foreign countries on this issue is cited. Based on the above, it is necessary to highlight that in order to improve Russian legislation, changes and ways of regulation in the field of self-defense are required.
Keywords: self-defense, necessary defense, limits of self-defense, the public.
Work bibliographic list
1. Parhomenko S. V., Miljukov S. F., Nikulenko A.V. Vektory ugolovnoj politiki v sfere pravovoj reglamentacii obstojatel'stv, iskljuchajushhih prestupnost' dejanija // Vserossijskij kriminologicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. – T. 13. - # 6. - St. 992-1001.
2. Samooborona. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samooborona (data obrashhenija: 28.11.2021).
3. Samooborona v mezhdunarodnom prave. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/encJaw/2021/SAMOOBORONA (data obrashhenija: 28.11.2021).
4. Smirnov M. A. Aktual'nye problemy neobhodimoj oborony v zakonodatel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii// Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo juridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. - T. 5. - # 2 (10). - S. 216-220.
5. Sysoev Artem Aleksandrovich, Mamedova Amina Omarovna, Bykova Polina Vladislavovna, Gergokova Diana Vladimirovna Problema v opredelenii prevyshenija dopustimoj samooborony // StudNet.- 2020. - # 8.
6. Ugolovnyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 13.06.1996 # 63-FZ.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Tkhazeplov T. M.
Techniques for obtaining information about a person’s appearance in the investigation of terrorist crimes
Habitoscopy is a branch of forensic technology that helps in the identification and investigation of terrorist crimes. Establishing psychological contact with eyewitnesses and witnesses is extremely important in most cases, a crucial condition for successful work on creating a subjective portrait.
The limited time allotted for the production of the portrait makes it difficult to establish psychological contact. As a rule, the compilation of a subjective portrait is a one-time, relatively short event. But at the same time, in most cases it is part of such a procedural action as an interrogation, the purpose of which is to obtain information about the appearance of the person being sought. Therefore, the establishment of psychological contact, a trusting atmosphere disposes an eyewitness to work, stimulates his ability to actualize a mental image. In a number of cases, preliminary testing can become an integral part of establishing psychological contact, since many people are very interested in such actions.
Keywords: habitoscopy, subjective portrait, investigation, expert, sketch.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antonov V. S., Zinin A. M., Erzunov G. I. Kriminalist-hudozhnik — novaja special'nost' v organah vnutrennih del / Sbornik MVD SSSR. - 1991. - #1. - S. 78-80.
2. Goncharenko V. I. Nauchno-tehnicheskie sredstva v sledstvennoj praktike. - Kiev, 1984
3. Granovskij G. L. Osnovy trasologii (Osobennaja chast'). - M., 1974
4. Osmotr mesta proisshestvija: Spravochnik sledovatelja. - M.: Juridicheskaja literatura, 1979.
5. Selivanov N. A., Terebilov V. I. Pervonachal'nye sledstvennye dejstvija. - M.: Jurid. literatura, 1969.
6. Sledy na meste proisshestvija: Spravochnik sledovatelja. - M.: VNKC MVD SSSR, 1991.
7. Smyslov V. I. Osmotr mesta proisshestvija. - M.:VJuZI, 1980.
8. Snetkov V. A. Jelementy tehniko-kriminalisticheskoj situacii osmotra mesta proisshestvija. - M.,1984
9. Spravochnik kriminalista. Ch. I (Opisanie predmetov) / Pod red. A. I. Mironova. - M.: VNIIOOP MOOP RSFSR, 1966.
 
SECURITY AND LAW
Shogenov T. M., Buraeva L. A., Kuchmezov A. N.
On topical issues of suppressing the activities of radical communities involving young people in the commission of terrorist crimes
In the article, the authors consider the actual problems of involving young people in terrorist activities, which at the present stage pose a real threat to public safety, which is confirmed by the tragic events of the past 2021. The main determinants of extremism among young people are analyzed, including the intensification of the activities of radical communities of terrorist orientation, which propagandizing religious, ethnic and political extremism have a destructive effect on the unformed consciousness of the younger generation. The main measures aimed at preventing extremism and terrorism among young people and countering the involvement of young people in the commission of terrorist crimes are noted.
Keywords: extremism, terrorism, radical communities, terrorist crimes, terrorist act, youth environment, minors, destructive ideological influence, preventive measures.
Work bibliographic list
1. Portal pravovoj statistiki. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://crimestat.ru/offenses_map (data obrashhenija: 15.02.2022).
2. Edinyj federal'nyj spisok organizacij, v tom chisle inostrannyh i mezhdunarodnyh organizacij, priznannyh v sootvetstvii s zakonodatel'stvom Rossijskoj Federacii terroristicheskimi.– [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.fsb.ru/fsb/npd/terror.htm (data obrashhenija:15.02.2022).
3. O protivodejstvii jekstremistskoj dejatel'nosti:feder. zakon ot 25 ijulja 2002 g. # 114-FZ (red. Ot 01.07.2021) // Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
4. Osobennosti profilaktiki i bor'by s projavlenijami jekstremizma i terrorizma v molodezhnoj srede. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://cao.mos.ru/countering-extremism/features-forthe-prevention-and-suppression-of-manifestations-ofextremism-and-terrorism-in-the-yout/ (data obrashhenija: 15.02.2022).
5. Tragedija v Kazani: kak «tihij student» gotovil napadenie i kem byli ego zhertvy. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cosmo-ru.turbopages.org/cosmo.ru/s/lifestyle/ society/tragediya-v-kazanikak-tihiy-student-gotovil-napadenie-i-kem-byli-egozhertvy/(data obrashhenija: 15.02.2022).
6. Rasstrel v vuze Permi unes zhizni shesti chelovek:fotohronika. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.mk.ru/photo/gallery/25496-487913.html (data obrashhenija: 22.01.2022).
7. V Kabardino-Balkarii zaderzhan gotovivshij napadenie na shkolu podrostok. – [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://lenta.ru/news/2022/02/15/schoolshoot/ (data obrashhenija: 18.02.2022).
8. «Man'jaki. Kul't ubijstv»: kto stoit za zaderzhannymi neonacistami. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vesti.ru/article/2538960(data obrashhenija: 18.02.2022).
9. Shogenov T. M., Buraeva L. A. Jekstremizm – aktual'naja ugroza nacional'noj bezopasnosti Rossijskoj Federacii: ponjatie i projavlenija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2020. – # 9 (148). – S. 409-411.
10. Kuchmezov A. N., Tokbaev A. A. O nekotoryh aspektah protivodejstvija terroristicheskim projavlenijam na Severnom Kavkaze v konce XX veka // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. – 2020. –# 2. – S. 117- 119.
11. Ob informacii, informacionnyh tehnologijah i o zashhite informacii: feder. zakon ot 27 ijulja 2006 g. # 149-FZ (red. ot 01.01.2022) // Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
 
ACTIVITIES OF THE PROSECUTOR’S OFFICE
Yakovlev N. M.
Human rights work of the prosecutor’s office to restore historical justice and the good name of P.A. Oyunsky, a statesman and public figure, deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from Yakutia
The author, revealing the human rights activities of the prosecutor’s office, as a result of which historical justice was restored in relation to the illegally politically repressed statesman of the YASSR P. A. Oyunsky, explains that under the rule of law in Russia, all Russians, without exception, can at any time count on legal protection from the lawlessness of prosecutors, whose profession is to affirm and protect good, to overcome and punish evil.
Keywords: statesman and public figure P.A. Oyunsky. Political rehabilitation. Prosecutor’s offices.
Work bibliographic list
1. Narjad # 4 po proverke del zhertv politicheskih repressij. Arhiv prokuratury Respubliki Saha (Jakutija). - Jakutsk, 1956. S. 31.
2. Pesterov V.I. Ot obvinenija NKVD JaASSR P.A. Slepcova – Ojunskogo v kontrrevoljucionnoj i antisovetskoj dejatel'nosti / Sm. kn. P.A. Ojunskij:vzgljad cherez gody. - Novosibirsk, NIC OIGGM, 1998. - S. 58-59.
3. Narjad prokuratury JaASSR # 32 po peresmotrennym delam zhertv politicheskih repressij. Arhiv prokuratury Respubliki Saha (Jakutija). - Jakutsk, 1956. - S. 200-210.
4. Narjad prokuratury JaASSR. Delo # 4v, dokladnye i predstavlenija po peresmotru politicheskih del. Arhiv prokuratury Respubliki Saha (Jakutija). –Jakutsk, 1956-1959. - S.
5. Nikolaev I., Ushnickij I. Central'noe delo. Hronika stalinskih repressij v Jakutii. - Jakutsk, 1990.- S. 154.
6. Ivanov V.N. Platon Alekseevich Ojunskij: gosudarstvennyj dejatel' i myslitel' / Sm. kn. P.A. Ojunskij: Vzgljad cherez gody. - Novosibirsk: NIC OIGGM, 1998. - S. 5-18.
7. Arzhakov S.M. Stranicy zhizni i dejatel'nosti:Sbornik dokumentov i materialov / Sost. P.I. Doktorov, N.N. Malysheva, V.M. Nazarov i dr. - Jakutsk, 1999. - S. 4-5.
 
HUMAN RIGHTS
Yunusov A. A., Yunusov M. A., Akhverdyan A. G.
Philosophical understanding of freedom in the focus of human and citizen responsibilities
Freedom is one of the key and difficult topics in philosophy and in legal science. During the entire existence of human civilization, a large number of opinions and ideas related to this term have been formed. In this regard, the authors consider the ideas and ideas of various thinkers and scientists with regard to individual freedom, as well as its essence at the present stage of development of society.
Keywords: Freedom, personality, person, state, society, society, rights, duties, law, law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gegel' G. V. F. Filosofija duha // Jenciklopedija filosofskih nauk. T. 3. M., 1977. 471 s.
2. D'jachenko O.N. Svoboda kak fundamental'noe osnovanie chelovecheskoj lichnosti v zapadnoevropejskoj srednevekovoj filosofii // Intellekt. Innovacii. Investicii. 2017. # 4. S. 58-62.
3. Nersesjanc V. S. Filosofija prava. M.: Norma:INFRA-M, 2020. 256 s.
4. Nersesjanc V. S. Istorija politicheskih i pravovyh uchenij: uchebnik dlja vuzov. M.: Jur.Norma:INFRA-M, 2020. 704 s.
5. Pozdneva S.P. Svoboda bytija cheloveka v russkoj religioznoj filosofii // Izvestija Saratovskogo universiteta. Novaja serija. Serija: Filosofija. Psihologija. Pedagogika. 2010. T. 10. # 4. S. 31-35.
6. Polozova V.P. Nravstvennaja svoboda cheloveka v filosofii kanta // Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj gosudarstvennoj sel'skohozjajstvennoj akademii. 2016. # 2(10). S. 72-74.
7. Stefanov A.Ju. Pravo i svoboda (nekotorye voprosy teorii i filosofii prava) // Sibirskij juridicheskij vestnik. # 2. 2004. S. 91-95
8. Fedotov G.P. Svjatye Drevnej Rusi. M., 1990. 269 s.
9. William N. Eskridge Jr. The relationship between obligations and rights of citizens // Yale Law School Legal Scholarship Repository. 2001. # 1. P. 1721-1751.
 
PEDAGOGY AND LAW
Zorina N. S.
Causes and pedagogical prevention of illegal behavior in adolescence
This article discusses the causes of illegal behavior in adolescence. The basic concepts of autodestructions are defined. The determinants of autodestructive behavior and their factors that lead to illegal actions are highlighted. The determinants of illegal behavior are most often the personal characteristics of a teenager such as: self-rejection, emotional discomfort, dependence on others, a sense of meaninglessness of life, self-worth, increased importance of others compared to themselves, low neuropsychic stability, excessive severity of protective mechanisms, the form of implementation of which is autodestruction. Thus, the article suggests preventive measures for the illegal behavior of adolescents that will help prevent this problem.
Keywords: auto-destructive behavior, illegal behavior, illegal actions, suicidal behavior, self-destructive behavior, auto-aggressive behavior, adolescence, crime, parasuicide.
Work bibliographic list
1. Senkevich L. V., Janysheva V. A. Osobennosti intellekta i lichnostnoj sfery deviantnyh podrostkov// Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. Serija: Psihologicheskie nauki. –2007. – # 2.
2. Kazakov O. P. Lichnost' nesovershennoletnego kak ob"ekt social'noj profilaktiki alkogolizma i narkomanii // SOTIS – social'nye tehnologii, issledovanija. – 2012. – # 1. – S. 74–78.
3. Zubarev S. M. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. Konspekt lekcij. Jurajt, Jurajt – Moskva, 2013.
4. Jakovlev A. M. Prestupnost' i social'naja psihologija. – M.: Jurid. lit., 1999.
5. Alekseev S. A. Profilaktika protivopravnogo povedenija. – SPb.: Piter, 2009.
6. Bozhovich L. I. Lichnost' i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste. – M.: NPO «Modjek», 2009.
7. Zinnurov F. K. Profilaktika i korrekcija deviantnogo povedenija detej i podrostkov v novyh social'no-kul'turnyh uslovijah XXI veka. – Kazan': Centr innovac. tehnologij, 2012.
8. Alekseeva I. A., Novosel'skij I. G. Zhestokoe obrashhenie s rebenkom. Prichiny. Posledstvija. Pomoshh'. – M.: Genezis, 2006.
 
SPORTS LAW
Vaskina A. A., Monakhov H. D., Kovalenko E. V.
Anti-doping organizations: concept, goals, structure
In this paper, the authors analyzed the main anti-doping organizations that currently operate in the international space and in the Russian Federation. The largest international organization coordinating the fight against doping in sports – the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and the national organization that regulates this issue at the level of the Russian Federation – the Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) were considered. The authors studied the main activities of the above-mentioned anti-doping organizations and their structure.
At the end of the study, the authors concluded that it is the current structure of WADA and RUSADA that allows them to most effectively link their activities, link two levels of doping control - international and national, the activities they implement maximally meet the needs of
an athlete in maintaining fair competition in sports.
Keywords: Anti-Doping organizations, World Anti-Doping Agency, Russian Anti-Doping Agency, World Anti-Doping Code, International Convention against Doping in Sport, monitoring compliance with anti-doping rules.
Work bibliographic list
1. Senkevich L. V., Janysheva V. A. Osobennosti intellekta i lichnostnoj sfery deviantnyh podrostkov// Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. Serija: Psihologicheskie nauki. –2007. – # 2.
2. Kazakov O. P. Lichnost' nesovershennoletnego kak ob"ekt social'noj profilaktiki alkogolizma i narkomanii // SOTIS – social'nye tehnologii, issledovanija. – 2012. – # 1. – S. 74–78.
3. Zubarev S. M. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noe pravo. Konspekt lekcij. Jurajt, Jurajt – Moskva, 2013.
4. Jakovlev A. M. Prestupnost' i social'naja psihologija. – M.: Jurid. lit., 1999.
5. Alekseev S. A. Profilaktika protivopravnogo povedenija. – SPb.: Piter, 2009.
6. Bozhovich L. I. Lichnost' i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste. – M.: NPO «Modjek», 2009.
7. Zinnurov F. K. Profilaktika i korrekcija deviantnogo povedenija detej i podrostkov v novyh social'no-kul'turnyh uslovijah XXI veka. – Kazan': Centr innovac. tehnologij, 2012.
8. Alekseeva I. A., Novosel'skij I. G. Zhestokoe obrashhenie s rebenkom. Prichiny. Posledstvija. Pomoshh'. – M.: Genezis, 2006.
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Gaisina L. M., Baranov E. Yu.
Legal basis communicative interaction of government bodies and population as an object of sociological research (on the example of the administration of the municipal district of the Birsky district of the Republic of Bashkortostan)
The necessity to establish a productive dialogue between the population and the local government bodies is aimed at solving the most pressing problems for citizens. The main purpose of this work is to determine the relationship between the administration of Birsk and the population using the methods of sociological research. It is important to note that the effectiveness of the work of the local government depends on promptly informing people about the decisions being made and receiving feedback from the citizens. This paper presents the results of a survey conducted among the population of the city of Birsk, the current features of communicative interaction between the administration of Birsk and the population of the town.
Key words: political communication, public policy, state and society, sociological analysis.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993 s izmenenijami, odobrennymi v hode obshherossijskogo golosovanija 01.07.2020) // Rossijskaja gazeta. - 1993.- # 237.
2. Gajsina L. M., Baranov E. Ju. Social'no-kommunikativnye tehnologii kak jelement pravovoj kul'tury // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.- 2021. - # 2 (153). - S. 409-410.
3. Demin D. V. Organizacija kommunikacij v organah municipal'noj vlasti // Obrazovanie i nauka bez granic: social'no-gumanitarnye nauki.- 2017. - # 6. - S. 92-96
4. Zotov V. B., Golovanov V. I. Sistema municipal'nogo upravlenija v shemah: uchebnoe posobie: izd.4-e, dop. i pererab. - M.: Justicinform», 2018.- 166 s.
5. Gajsina L. M. Formirovanie sovremennoj sistemy upravlenija personalom neftegazovyh predprijatij Rossii: ocenki i perspektivy. - Ufa: Izdatel'stvo «Vostochnaja pechat'», 2015. - 256 s.
6. Gaisina L. M., Dorozhkin Yu. N., Iakupova G. A., Gainanova A. G., Gainanova E. I., Averkina E. V. The Impact of the social demographic Characteristics of the rural young Family on the territories’ development. A study case-the Republic of Bashkortostan // Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development”. - 2018. - Vol. 18. - Issue 3.- R. 139-149.
7. Gajsina L. M. Social'naja ustojchivost' rossijskih neftegazovyh kompanij v uslovijah krizisa// Vestnik Bashkirskogo universiteta. Nauchnyj zhurnal. - Ufa: RIC BashGU, 2011. - T. 16. - # 4. - S. 1368-1371.
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Sadykova Kh. N., Purtova I. A.
Motivation of work behavior: opinion of oil company employees
The article presents an analysis of the answers of employees of four structural divisions of LLC LUKOIL-Western Siberia, received during a survey conducted in these divisions in 2019. The questionnaire included several blocks of questions that touched on various aspects of the work of personnel. These are issues of motivation of labor behavior, remuneration and working conditions, etc. The results of the study are of interest to managers at all levels, since they will be able to take them into account to increase the productivity of workers and their satisfaction from participating in labor activity.
Keywords: personnel motivation, need for work, labor behavior, satisfaction, wages, working conditions, OOO LUKOIL-Western Siberia
Work bibliographic list
1. Vojtenko A. I., Lisovec N. I. Metody povyshenija kvalifikacii upravlencheskogo personala na primere uchebnogo centra OOO «Lukojl-Centrnefteprodukt»// Novoe pokolenie. – 2013. – # 6. – S. 101-110.
2. Gricunova S. V., Sedyh Ju. A. Analiz sistemy upravlenija personalom territorial'nyh generirujushhih kompanij Rostovskoj oblasti i ocenka ih jeffektivnosti // Inzhenernyj vestnik Dona. –2015. – # 1. – Ch. 2. – S. 101-110.
3. Morozova I. A., Volkov S. K., Britvin I. A. Osobennosti realizacii koncepcii korporativnoj social'noj otvetstvennosti rossijskimi promyshlennymi predprijatijami (na primere OOO «Lukojk-Jenergoseti»// Regional'naja jekonomika. –2013. – # 42. – S. 7-16.
4. Silin A. N., Hajrullina N. G. Upravlenie personalom v neftegazovoj kompanii: uchebnoe posobie.– M.: CentrLitNefteGaz, 2008. – 305 s.
5. Hajrullina N. G., Ustinova O. V. Professional'noe razvitie municipal'nyh sluzhashhih: Uchebnoe posobie. – Tjumen': TjumGNGU, 2005. – 88 s.
6. Chernikov N. A. Vertikal'. – M.: Smena, 2000. – 320 s.
 
SOCIOLOGY AND LAW
Khairullina N. G., Goltsova E. V.
Interrelation of global and regional impacts in the system of modern societies
In December 2021, Irkutsk hosted an international scientific and practical conference “The relationship of global and regional impacts in the system of modern societies: transformations of social spaces, socio-demographic changes and pandemic processes.”
Keywords: global and regional issues, sustainable development, scientific community, coronavirus pandemic
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Blazhenkova N. M., Bakhrushina F. F.
Digitalization as a factor in monitoring the socio-economic development of the region
Trends in the development of socio-economic systems that form the national economy are fixed in the documents formed within the framework of the Federal Law “On Strategic Planning in the Russian Federation”. Based on the provisions of this important document, the basic socio-economic systems are defined, hierarchically distributed by levels of government:the system of the federal level, the level of the subject of the Russian Federation and the level of municipal education. It is clear that management priorities at these levels differ from each other, which by definition properly forms the list and structure of indicators that determine the specifics of monitoring the functioning of these systems.
In the modern world, there are global socio-economic changes taking place in most of both developed and developing countries, the reason for which lies in the rapid development of digital technologies of the so-called “third wave” and in the involvement of information systems, artificial intelligence technology, big data analytics, etc. in the management sphere. Therefore, the formation of a modern public administration system based on modern monitoring technologies is extremely urgent today.
Keywords: monitoring, socio-economic development, digitalization, statistical data, informatization, federal projects.
Work bibliographic list
1. Demeshko T. S. Ponjatie, sushhnost', zadachi monitoringa i prognoza v sisteme upravlenija regionom //Obrazovanie i nauka bez granic: social'no-gumanitarnye nauki. – 2020. – # 13. – S. 57-63.
2. Morozova N. V, Vasil'eva I. A. Issledovanie strategicheskih sil i interesov v processe razrabotki i realizacii strategii social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija regiona // FGBOU VPO «Chuvashskij gosudarstvennyj universitet imeni I. N. Ul'janova», Cheboksary, Rossija.
3. Ljubanenko A. V. Metodika strategicheskogo analiza social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija municipal'nogo obrazovanija // Vestnik kibernetiki. – 2006. –# 5. – S. 156-160.
4. Zenchenko S. V. Diagnostika urovnja finansovo-jekonomicheskogo razvitija regiona // Vestnik Severo-Kavkazskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnicheskogo universiteta. – 2008. – # 4. – S. 121-126.
5. Kogut A. E., Rohchin V. E. Informacionnye osnovy regional'nogo social'no-jekonomicheskogo monitoringa. – SPb., 1995. – 143 s.
6. Bart A. A., Rybkina M. V., Zaloznyj I. V. Vlijanie cifrovoj jekonomiki na jekonomicheskij rost Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Altajskoj akademii jekonomiki i prava. – 2020. – # 5-2. – S. 236-241.
7. Grachev S. A. Modelirovanie vlijanija cifrovizacii na razvitie social'no-jekonomicheskih sistem// Voprosy innovacionnoj jekonomiki. – 2021. –Tom 11. – # 2. – S. 443-454.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Bystrov A. V., Talatin E. A.
Sustainable development as a strategic imperative for the development of enterprises in the fuel and energy complex
The article describes the current state of energy markets and trends in the sustainable development of fuel and energy enterprises.
The peculiarities of the fuel and energy complex stability are determined. The graphical interpretation of the system of external and internal factors that determine the stability of the fuel and energy complex is reflected. The role of the state and innovation in achieving the equilibrium state of the fuel and energy complex is described. It is stated that there is a need for a mechanism for assessing the state of energy enterprises according to given indicators.
Keywords: sustainable development, sustainability, fuel and energy complex, energy markets, pandemic, supply surplus, carbon intensity, management system.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borouhin D.S. Jekonomicheskoe obespechenie ustojchivogo razvitija sistemy jelektrojenergetiki v uslovijah modernizacii jekonomiki Rossii // Vestnik MGTU. 2011. Tom 14. # 1. S. 187-194.
2. Vyzovy uglerodnogo regulirovanija // Jenergeticheskij bjulleten'. 2021. # 94. 21 s.
3. Gensh T.R. Sovershenstvovanie mehanizmov obespechenija ustojchivogo razvitija predprijatij toplivno-jenergeticheskogo kompleksa Rossii: avtoref. dis. …kand. jekonom. nauk: 08.00.05. – M., 2013. 25 s.
4. Izmerenie ustojchivogo razvitija v TJeK // Jenergeticheskij bjulleten'. 2020. # 82. 27 s.
5. Mozgovaja E.S. Formirovanie potenciala ustojchivogo razvitija toplivno-jenergeticheskogo kompleksa //Vestnik Saratovskogo gosudarstvennogo social'no-jekonomicheskogo universiteta. 2009. # 4. S. 125-128.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Vasiljev A. Yu.
Introduction of a risk-based approach when conducting control and expert-analytical measures for the costs of implementing national projects
The introduction of a risk-based approach in the activities of public authorities will lead to a more efficient use of financial resources.
Thus, an important stage in the development of this approach is its introduction into the state financial control bodies. In order to improve the quality of life of the population, the State develops targeted national projects. As a result of the impact of certain factors, the dynamics and nature of the implementation of national projects change, therefore, there is a need to identify, assess and monitor the risky form of potentially negative trends, within the framework of ensuring minimal impact of negative factors. The risk-based approach defines the general principles, goals, objectives and scope of application.
Keywords: Accounting Chamber of the Russian Federation, risk-oriented approach, result-oriented budget, efficiency and expediency of using financial resources, federal budget expenditures, state financial control.
Work bibliographic list
1. Federal'nyj zakon «O Schetnoj palate Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 05.04.2013 # 41-FZ.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «O gosudarstvennom kontrole (nadzore) i municipal'nom kontrole v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 31.07.2020 # 248-FZ.
3. Koncepcija risk-orientirovannogo podhoda v Schjotnoj palate Rossijskoj Federacii (utverzhdena Kollegiej Schetnoj palaty Rossijskoj Federacii(protokol ot «22» ijunja 2021 g. # 44K.
4. Oficial'nyj sajt Schetnoj palaty Rossijskoj Federacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://audit.gov.ru/ (data obrashhenija: 14.01.2022).
5. Oficial'nyj sajt Milknews. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://milknews.ru/longridy/prostymi-slovami/risk-orientirovanny-podhod.html(data obrashhenija: 13.01.2022).
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Galyautdinov R. F., Chembarisov T. I.
Modern fraud schemes using information technologies
The article presents the main types of fraudulent schemes used in the field of modern information technology. The author draws attention to the statistical data characterizing the scale and degree of the social threat of the crimes in question, as well as to the methods of protection against these encroachments. Much attention is paid to the need to apply preventive measures to combat crimes in the network space.
Keywords: digital technologies, fraud, phishing.
Work bibliographic list
1. Chislo internet-prestuplenij v Rossii vyroslo na 91 %. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa:https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4654110 - 30.09.2022.
2. Protivodejstvie nelegal'noj dejatel'nosti na finansovom rynke. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://www.cbr.ru/analytics/currency_control/2020 - 30.09.2022.
3. Chislo finansovyh piramid v Rossii vyroslo vdvoe.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. - Rezhim dostupa: https://secretmag.ru/news/chislo-finansovykh-piramid-v-rossiivyroslo-vdvoe.htm - 30.09.2022.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Zaytsev A. G., Mashegov P. N., Poltorykhina S. V.
Institutional and production systems of the region: a theoretical model of the emergence of nonlinear dynamics
The article provides a theoretical analysis of the development of institutional theory. The article systematizes the views of representatives of institutionalism on the role of state regulation. The institutional approach is considered from the point of view of its methodology in relation to the implemented property relations. As the basis of the theoretical model of the mutual formation of institutions and technological systems, the scheme of the emergence of nonlinear processes (mutual formation) of institutional and production systems in the process of changing technological patterns is proposed.
Keywords: sustainable development, institutional system, production system, non-linear dynamics, property relations, institutional environment, institutional approach.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grejf A. Instituty i put' k sovremennoj jekonomike. Uroki srednevekovoj torgovli. - M.: Izd. Dom Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki, 2013. - 536 s.
2. Kuchic I. O. Znachimost' institucional'nogo podhoda v processe regulirovanija nacional'noj jekonomiki // Uchenye zapiski Petrozavodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. - 2015. - # 5. - S. 101.
3. Mironova O. V. Ob institucional'nyh metodah i podhodah v rossijskoj praktike mezhmunicipal'nogo sotrudnichestva // Vestnik AGTU. - 2015. - # 2. - S. 59.
4. Rogach S. M. Metodologija institucional'nogo napravlenija realizacii otnoshenij sobstvennosti na prirodnye resursy // Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnyh i estestvennyh nauk. - 2015. - # 6-1. - S. 221-222.
5. Shirjaev I. M. Podhody k identifikacii institutov v institucional'noj jekonomike // JOURNAL OF INSTITUTIONAL STUDIES. - T. 9. - # 1. - S. 106.
6. Neale W.C. Institutions // Journal of Economic Issues. -1987. - Vol. 21. - # 3. - P. 1177-1206.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Kot E. M., Ruchkin A. V., Ruschitskaya O. A.
Training and experimental production units of agrarian educational institutions: analysis of risks and proposals for state support
In the article the authors analyze the main risks when training and experimental production units join agrarian educational institutions, emphasizing the consequences connected with the loss of agricultural producer status. On the basis of the statistics and the current legislation, the key negative factors for future activities of agricultural educational institutions (on the example of JSC “Educational and Experimental Farm “Uralets”) are revealed. The authors have worked out the main recommendations to make changes in the current legislation for full-fledged economic activity of the divisions under consideration that have lost the status of a legal entity due to liquidation and transfer of property complexes to educational organizations.
Keywords: status of agricultural producer, incorporation, liquidation, farms, agrarian educational institutions.
Work bibliographic list
1. Angel Lara M. A., Coria Gil N.A.B., De Dios León G.E. Educational Project as a Biological-Agricultural Model for the Teaching of Agronomy at the Universidad Veracruzana in Orizaba-Córdoba Región // Journal of Higher Education Theory and Practice. – 2021. – Vol.21(15). – Pp. 193-196.
2. Arai K. The Economics of Education. – Tokyo: Springer-Verlag, 1998.
3. Ohe Y. Emerging environmental and educational service of dairy farming in Japan: dilemma or opportunity? //WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment. –2007. – Vol. 106. – Pp. 425-436.
4. Ohe Y. Evaluating jointness of multifunctional agriculture:the educational function of dairy farming in Japan // WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment. – 2006. –Vol. 98. – Pp. 337-346.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Kuprikov N. M., Doronin D. O., Ekimov A. I.,
Kuprikova E. M., Kuprikov M. Yu.
Tourism and related services: relevance of the fund of standardization documents
The current state of the standards fund in the field of tourism and related services is considered. More than 50 documents of the national system of standardization in the field of tourism and related services, 50 international standards developed in the framework of the activities of the ISO/TC 228 technical committee are analyzed. Recommendations are given on the formation of the current work of TC 401, as well as a promising (sectoral) standardization program in the field of tourism and related services for the medium term.
Keywords: tourism, standardization documents, standards.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz Federal'nogo agentstva po tehnicheskomu regulirovaniju i metrologi ot 22.03.2021 # 381 «Ob organizacii dejatel'nosti tehnicheskogo komiteta po standartizacii «Turizm i soputstvujushhie uslugi»».
2. Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 20.09.2019 # 2129-r «Ob utverzhdenii strategija razvitija turizma v Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2035 goda».
3. GOST R 1.12–2020. Standartizacija v Rossijskoj Federacii. Terminy i opredelenija.
4. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob osnovah turistskoj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 24.11.1996 # 132-FZ.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Nuriev B. D., Doğan S.
Legal aspects of the use of artificial intelligence and robotics in the field of outbound tourism between Russia and Turkey
The article analyzes the legal possibilities of using artificial intelligence and robotics in tourism between Russia and Turkey, which are provided for by the modern legislation of the Russian Federation. For example, the authors have taken the Draft law “On tourism and tourism activities in the Russian Federation”, which is expected to be considered by the legislative bodies soon. The study states that modern digital technologies are almost not regulated in the Draft. However, the initiatives of the legislator open up vast opportunities in the use of artificial intelligence in international tourism. It is assumed that the active use of artificial intelligence and robotics will raise interstate cooperation in outbound tourism to a qualitatively new level.
Keywords: tourism, Russian Federation, Republic of Turkey, artificial intelligence, robotics, Federal law “On tourism and tourism activities in the Russian Federation”, system of guaranteeing the rights of tourists.
Work bibliographic list
1. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/law/hotdocs/72806.html (data obrashhenija: 12.01.2022).
2. Nuriev B. D., Kapitanec Ju. V., Pshenichnikova N. A. Turisticheskij sektor tureckoj jekonomiki v 1980-egg..: pravovoj diskurs // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 11. – S. 93-96.
3. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://yigm.ktb.gov.tr/TR-9851/turizm-istatistikleri.html(data obrashhenija: 14.01.2022).
4. Smirnov E. N., Luk'janov S. A. Formirovanie i razvitie global'nogo rynka sistem iskusstvennogo intellekta // Jekonomika regiona. - 2019. - # 1. - S.57-69.
5. Smirnov E. N., Pospelov S. V., Nuriev B. D. K voprosu o vlijanii cifrovyh transformacij na regulirovanie mezhdunarodnoj jelektronnoj kommercii// Diskussija. - 2021. - Vyp. 107. - S. 21-28.
6. Demirezen B. Artırılmış gerçeklik ve sanal gerçeklik tekolojisinin turizm sektöründe kullanılabirliği üzerine bir literatür taraması // Uluslararası global turizm araştırmaları dergisi-International journal of tourism research. - 2019. - # 1. - S. 1-26.
7. Vidyullata Shekhar Jadhav, Dr. Shivaji D. Mundhe Information technology in Tourism // International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies. - 2011. - # 2 (6). - S. 2822-2825.
8. Laptev V. A. Ponjatie iskusstvennogo intellekta i juridicheskaja otvetstvennost' za ego rabotu //Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshej shkoly jekonomiki. - 2019.- # 2 - S. 79-102.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Skvortsova V. A.
Improving the organizational and economic mechanism for selecting objects of control at the stage after the release of goods
The article deals with the application of methods for selecting objects of customs control, problems and ways to improve the organizational and economic mechanism for choosing objects for the provision of public services, automating the selection of objects of customs control in the customs administration of the Russian Federation. It is shown that in order to improve the organizational and economic mechanism of customs administration, it is necessary to correlate all the applied methods of selecting an object, leading to the choice of objects of control, starting with the analysis of foreign economic activity participants, followed by the selection of specific consignments related to promising sectors of the economy and vice versa, from the analysis sectors of foreign economic activity, within which customs operations were performed with goods classified as high-risk areas, with subsequent ranking of foreign economic activity participants with the highest values of the integral indicator. The author also substantiates the need to develop a technology for automating the entire cycle of the process of selecting objects, from the moment of submission of preliminary information to control after the release of goods.
Keywords: methodology for selecting objects of customs control, improving the organizational and economic mechanism, customs control after the release of goods, automation, customs monitoring
Work bibliographic list
1. Afonin P.N., Kuz'micheva R.A. K voprosu o normativno-pravovom obespechenii tamozhennogo kontrolja posle vypuska tovarov // Bjulleten' innovacionnyh tehnologiĭ. 2020. - T. 4. # 3 (15). - S. 54-60.
2. Afonin P.N., Afonin D.N. i dr. Dejatel'nost' tamozhennyh organov v uslovijah cifrovoĭ jekonomiki //Bjulleten' innovacionnyh tehnologiĭ. 2018. - T. 2. #4 (8). - S. 43-46.
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Galyautdinov R. F., Nasyrov R. R.
Influence of modern information resources on socialization and social adaptation of minor teenagers
The article discusses the main types of risks and crimes associated with the impact of Internet resources on teenagers under the age of majority in modern conditions. The author draws attention to the possible negative consequences and the degree of public threat of the considered illegal actions. Particular attention is paid to the measures necessary for the development and application of organizational actions in the field of prevention of delinquency among minors in the information space.
Keywords: risks and threats in the information space, underage teenagers, prevention of Internet violations
Work bibliographic list
1. Soldatova G., Rasskazova E, Zotova E. Internet-riski. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://detionline.com/helpline/risks (data obrashhenija:13.02.2022).
2. Kalinina N. V. Riski i ugrozy sovremennoj internet – sredy i ih profilaktika sredi nesovershennoletnih. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhi dostupa: http://int-school.ru/Information_Security/1-riski_i_ugrozy_sovremennoj_internet-sredy_i_ikh_.pdf(data obrashhenija: 13.02.2022).
 
ECONOMY. LAW. SOCIETY
Kruzhilin P. A.
Currency and its impact on pricing and prospects for the oil and gas industry in Asia
Today, large-scale transformations in the oil and gas industry are taking place in Asia. These transformations affect, in particular, the aspect of the contract currency and currency risks in international trade in energy resources. Despite the political background, there is a significant economic component in this process. The purpose of the article is to reveal it and give a general vision of the origin of the price of hydrocarbons and the main pricing mechanisms in this area on the example of the Asian market and cooperation between the Russian Federation and China. Also, the benefits of trade in energy resources in national currencies and the main trends in the transition to settlements in national currencies in the studied area in ASEAN and in the multilateral RIC format were assessed.
Keywords: Russia, China, energy, oil, gas, pricing, currency
Work bibliographic list
1. Exclusive: China taking first steps to pay for oil in yuan this year - sources // Reuters. [Jelektronnyj resurs].– Rezhim dostupa: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-oil-yuan-exclusive/exclusive-china-takingfirst-steps-to-pay-for-oil-in-yuan-this-yearsourcesidUSKBN1H51FA(data obrashhenija: 08.02.2022).
2. Borodach Ju. V. K voprosu o cenoobrazovanii na mirovom rynke nefti v sovremennyh uslovijah // Finansy, denezhnoe obrashhenie i kredit. - 2015. - # 4.- S. 99–109.
3. Kosvenno sleduet iz: Politika cenoobrazovanija v otrasljah neftegazovogo kompleksa. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://works.doklad.ru/view/JHHxVPpdDWE/all.html (data obrashhenija:08.02.2022).
4. Economics of North American Oil and Gas Shale Plays// The Energy Consulting Group. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.energy-cg.com/economicsofshaleplays.html (data obrashhenija:08.02.2022).
5. The 1973 Arab Oil Embargo: The Old Rules No Longer Apply. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2013/10/15/234771573/the-1973-arab-oil-embargo-the-old-rules-no-longer-apply(data obrashhenija: 08.02.2022).
6. Outlook for the Long Term Contracts in a Globalizing Market // The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/energy/se/pp/geg/gif5_19Jan2015/s1_1_Yafimava.pdf (data obrashhenija:08.02.2022).
7. Jamal SPG. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://yamallng.ru (data obrashhenija: 08.02.2022).
8. China-Russia Energy Relations: Better Than Ever //The National Bureau of Asian Researc. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.nbr.org/publication/china-russia-energy-relations-better-thanever/(data obrashhenija: 08.02.2022).
9. Azarova A. I. Vlijanie faktorov razvitija neftjanoj otrasli na cenoobrazovanie nefti // Problemy ucheta i finansov. – 2012. – # 1 (5). – S. 35-53.
10. Rossija uvelichit jeksport nefti v Kitaj // Gazeta «Vedomosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vedomosti.ru/business/articles/2018/01/12/747646-rossiya-uvelichit-eksportnefti-kitai (data obrashhenija: 08.02.2022).
11. Qiang Ji, Dayong Zhang China’s crude oil futures:Introduction and some stylized facts // Finance Research Letters. – 2019. – # 28. – S. 376-380.
12. Kitaj sokratil v fevrale zakupki rossijskoj nefti // Gazeta «Vedomosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vedomosti.ru/business/articles/2019/03/28/797704-zakupki-rossiiskoi-nefti
(data obrashhenija: 08.02.2022).
13. Srednjaja cena na neft' Urals snizilas' pochti na 2,5 %// Rosbalt. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:https://www.rosbalt.ru/business/2019/06/03/1784696.html (data obrashhenija: 08.02.2022).
14. Kurs kitajskogo juanja (CNY) // Rambler.Finansy.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://finance.rambler.ru/currencies/CNY/?updated (data obrashhenija: 08.02.2022).
15. F'juchersam v juanjah ne udalos' zavoevat' mirovoj rynok nefti // Gazeta «Vedomosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vedomosti.ru/economics/articles/2019/03/27/797561-fyuchersamzavoevat-nefti (data obrashhenija: 08.02.2022).
16. Mathews John A., Selden Mark China: The Emergence of the Petroyuan and the Challenge to US Dollar Hegemony // The Asia-Pacific Journal. – 2018. – # 16. – Issue 22. – R. 1-12.
17. Kitaj forsiruet dobychu slancevoj nefti, no sopernichat' s SShA ne mozhet // Ntftegaz. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://neftegaz.ru/news/ dobycha/452332-kitay-forsiruet-dobychu-slantsevoynefti-no-sopernichat-s-ssha-ne-mozhet/ (data obrashhenija: 08.02.2022).
18. The Emerging Russia-Asia Energy Nexus // The National Bureau of Asian Research. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.nbr.org/wpcontent/uploads/pdfs/publications/special_report_74_emerging_russia-asia_energy_nexus_dec2018.pdf(data obrashhenija: 08.03.2021).
19. Salygin V., Guliev I., Chernysheva N., Sokolova E., Toropova N., Egorova L. Global shale revolution:successes, challenges, and prospects // Sustainability. –2019. – T. 11. – # 6. – R. 1627.
20. Mironova I. Ju. Mehanizmy cenoobrazovanija na gaz v mire: obzor po regionam, problematika globalizacii i vyvody dlja Rossii. – SPb, 2015. – 47 s.
21. China aims for dollar-free oil trade // Asian Review.[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://asia.nikkei.com/Economy/China-aims-for-dollar-free-oiltrade(data obrashhenija: 08.03.2021).
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Gayday M. K., Galtsev S. A., Kurilo S. N.
The role of the family in protecting the rights of minors
The article draws attention to the protection of the rights and freedoms of children and adolescents by the family. The authors raise the problems of the modern family, consider factors that have a negative impact both on the upbringing of minors and on the protection of their rights and interests. It is noted that changes taking place in society cannot but affect the institution of the family, which for centuries accompanies the life of man and society, giving the latter stability and the opportunity to make up for new generations, realizing the reproductive function of the family. The role of the conscious and consistent process of instilling family values and traditions in young people in the process of education in order to protect their rights, including the right to live and be brought up in a full-fledged traditional family, is emphasized.
Keywords: family, family values, traditional family, minors, protection of rights of minors.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kiseleva Elena Viktorovna Sem'ja kak sociokul'turnaja cennost' // Vestnik slavjanskih kul'tur. - 2016. -# 1. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://
cyberleninka.ru/article/n/semya-kak-sotsiokulturnayatsennost(data obrashhenija: 26.01.2022).
2. Kuznecov A. A., Kurilo S. N. Sem'ja kak ob"ekt nauchnogo issledovanija: sovremennyj vzgljad // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021. - # 10 (161). - S.533–535.
3. Osinskij I. I., Glykova Je. V. Burjatskaja gorodskaja sem'ja na rubezhe HH–HHI vekov. Sociologicheskij analiz. - Ulan-Udje: Izd-vo Burjat. gos. un-ta, 2003. -352 s.
4. Homenko I. A Sovremennaja sem'ja: sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija // Universum: Vestnik Gercenovskogo universiteta. - 2011. - # 1. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sovremennaya-semya-sostoyanie-iperspektivy-razvitiya (data obrashhenija: 25.01.2022).
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Gutorov Yu. A., Peshkov A. A., Plaksin V. A.
The understanding of the personality of Alexander Nevsky in the historiosophy of the Eurasians
The personality of Alexander Nevsky in Soviet Russia, especially in the period of the beginning of the formation of the state, was practically not studied. However, among the emigration, his state activity and biography attracted the attention of researchers, among whom G. V. Vernadsky and N. A. Klepinin especially stood out. For the Eurasianists, the figure of Prince Alexander Nevsky was attractive as it embodies all the positive qualities of the sovereign and personifies the teaching of Eurasianism.
Keywords: Eurasianism, History of Russia, Alexander Nevsky, G. V. Vernadsky, N. A. Klepinin.
Work bibliographic list
1. Andrej Jaroslavich // Russkij biograficheskij slovar': v 25 tomah. - SPb.-M., 1896-1918. - T. 1. - C. 120.
2. Vernadskij G. V. Dva podviga sv. Aleksandra Nevskogo //Evrazijskij vremennik. Kn. 4. - Praga, 1925. - S. 318-337.
3. Gutorov Ju. A. Evrazijskaja integracija: jetnicheskij aspekt. // Trudy Nizhegorodskoj duhovnoj seminarii. - Nizhnij Novgorod, 2021. - # 19 (19) – S. 361-377.
4. Klepinin N. A. «Sv. i blagovernyj velikij knjaz' Aleksandr Nevskij» // Put'. Organ russkoj religioznoj mysli. - 1927. - # 8. - S. 158.
5. Seleznjov Ju. V. Voknjazhenie Aleksandra Nevskogo v 1252 g.: politicheskie realii i ih otrazhenie v russkoj pis'mennoj tradicii // Drevnjaja Rus'. Voprosy medievistiki. - 2009. - # 1 (35). - S. 36-41.
6. Fennel Dzh. Krizis srednevekovoj Rusi: 1200-1304 /Per. s angl. Vstup.st. i obshh. red. A. L. Horoshkevich i A. I. Pliguzova. - M., 1989. - S. 470.
7. Shenk F. Aleksandr Nevskij v russkoj kul'turnoj pamjati: Svjatoj, pravitel', nacional'nyj geroj (1263-2000). - M.: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2007. - S. 624.
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Kolganov S. V., Glukhov P. S.
The world as a computer simulation
The active development of virtual reality technologies is rapidly changing the world around us, as well as human ideas about reality itself. This work provides valuable information about how the creation of virtual reality will change our world. The article addresses the issue of the world as a simulation. The creation of metaverses is a new phenomenon that expands our capabilities, allowing us to lead an active life in virtual reality. The authors examine in detail those areas of human existence in which the use of new digital technologies will lead to global changes in the lives of people and all mankind.
Keywords: simulation, metaverse, virtual reality, matrix, computer technology, reality.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kant I. Prolegomeny ko vsjakoj budushhej metafizike, mogushhej pojavit'sja kak nauka / Sobr. soch. v 6 t. – Moskva, 1965. – T . 4. Ch. 1. – 544 s.
2. Patnjem Hilari. Razum, istina i istorija. – Moskva:Praksis, 2002. – 296 s.
3. Pit F. D. Sinhronnost' most mezhdu materiej i umom / Stiven Volinskij. Kvantovoe soznanie, 1997. – 203 s.
4. Stivenson, N. Lavina / Per. s angl. A. Komarinec. – Moskva: AST, 2019. – 480 s.
5. Bostrom By Nick. Are you living in a computer simulation? // Published in Philosophical Quarterly.– 2003. – Vol. 53. – # 211. – Rp. 243-255.
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Kostina О. V., Shugurov M. V.
Apophathic foundations of oriental Christian aesthetics: the relevance of tradition
The article analyzes the reflection of the Eastern Christian apophatic paradigm, which has a powerful religious and mystical basis, in the aesthetic component of Christian culture. The actualization of this reflection is an especially significant from the point of view of expanding the horizons of modern spirituality and opening up new ontological perspectives. Particular attention is paid to the concept of E. N. Trubetskoy “speculation in colors”, namely his iconic understanding of art, associated with the specifics of Russian aesthetic vision and at the same time reflecting the semantic ground for the interpretation of the apophatic (anagogical) tone of culture.
Keywords: medieval aesthetics, apophaticism, religious and mystical experience, iconicity, Russian philosophy, spirituality.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gurevich P., Spirina Je. Nauka v gorizonte apofatiki // Filosofskaja antropologija. – 2019. –T. 5. – #1. – S. 6-25.
2. Ado P. Duhovnye uprazhnenija i antichnaja filosofija. – Cheljabinsk: Socium, 2010. – 288 s.
3. Damaskin I. (sv.) Tochnoe izlozhenie pravoslavnoj very. – M.: «Lod'ja», 2004. – 465 s.
4. Konacheva S. Bogovidenie i myshlenie o bytii: Vladimir Losskij i Martin Hajdegger // HORIZON. –2018. – T. 7. – # 2. – S. 312-336.
5. Hajdegger M. O pojetah i pojezii: Gel'derlin. Ril'ke. Trakl'. – M.: Vodolej, 2017. – 240 s.
6. Florovskij G. (protoierej) Vizantijskie otcy V–VIII v. – Minsk: Izd-vo Belorusskogo Jekzarhata, 2006. – 335 s.
7. Losev A. F. Izbrannye trudy po imjaslaviju i korpusu sochinenij Dionisija Areopagita. – SPb: Izd-vo Olega Abyshko; Universitetskaja kniga. – SPb., 2009. – 224 s.
8. Dionisij Areopagit. O bozhestvennyh imenah. O misticheskom bogoslovii. Teksty. – SPb.: «Glagol"», 1994. – 370 s.
9. Bychkov V. V. Malaja istorija vizantijskoj jestetiki.– Kiev: «Put' k istine», 1991. – 407 s.
10. Averincev S. Drugoj Rim: Izbrannye stat'i. – SPb.: Amfora, 2005. – 366 s.
11. Lidov A. M. Ikona i ikonicheskoe v sakral'nom prostranstve// Ikona v russkoj slovesnosti i kul'ture: sb. statej. – M.: Palomnik, 2012. – S. 103-104.
12. Lepahin V. V. Ikona i ikonichnost'. – SPb.: Uspenskoe podvor'e Optinoj pustyni, 2002. – 400 s.
13. Bychkov V. V. Jesteticheskoe soznanie Drevnej Rusi// Hudozhestvenno-jesteticheskaja kul'tura Drevnej Rusi XI-XVII veka / Pod red. V. V. Bychkova. – M.: Ladomir, 1996. – 560 s.
14. Gromov M. N., Kozlov N. S. Russkaja filosofskaja mysl' X–XVII vv.: Ucheb. posobie. – M.: Izd-vo MGU, 1990. – 288 s.
15. Jazykova I. K. Bogoslovie ikony (uchebnoe posobie).– M.: Izd-vo Obshhedostupnogo Pravoslavnogo Universiteta, 1995. – 212 s.
16. Trubeckoj E. Dva mira v drevnerusskoj ikonopisi// Filosofija russkogo religioznogo iskusstva XVI– XX vv.: Antologija / Obshh. red. Gavrjushina N. K.– M.: Izdatel'skaja gruppa «Progress – Kul'tura», 1993. – 399 s.
17. Florenskij P. Izbrannye trudy po iskusstvu. – M.:Izd-vo «Izobrazitel'noe iskusstvo», 1996. – 335 s.
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Uryadov A. V.
Philosophical analysis of life and death
Life, as a phenomenon, is a unique object for scientific and philosophical research. Due to the specificity of this phenomenon, its analysis differs from the study of the rest of the world. The main feature of life as a subject of philosophical analysis remains the fact that it is introspection. Hegel G. W. F. did not consider life an ordinary category, life is an idea, that is, the basis of human existence, in which people communicate. An important factor of which is subjectivity. Life is a subject of introspection and the ability to subjectively influence, such as cognition. This question is largely investigated by hermeneutics, phenomenology and other fields of philosophical knowledge.
A person is accustomed to focus on the phenomenon of knowledge, the process of cognition, the influence of external influence on cognition, analyze the subjectivity and objectivity of the results obtained. But we place less emphasis on the subjectivity of life (of a person as actively acting on the basis of his plans). But this is the essential difference between life and non-life. Active influence on matter, based on one’s interests and intentions, is a way of existence of life, its being.
Keywords: life, death, system, dialectic, life in general, man, analysis, introspection, being.
Work bibliographic list
1. Diarov V. O. Genezis problemy determinacii v jevoljucii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. -2021. - # 8 (159). - 519 c.
2. Diarov V. O. Ontologicheskaja dialektika jevoljucii v kontekste biotehnologii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021. - # 3 (154). - S. 508-509.
3. Elhova O. I., Kudrjashev A. F. Mjagkij determinizm sobytij virtual'nogo mira. // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2019. - # 10 (137). - S. 438-440.
4. Diarov V. O. Global'nyj harakter jevoljucii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2021. - # 10. - 740 s.
5. Diarov V. O. Svjaz' biologii i ontologii cherez prizmu dialektiki jevoljucii, aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki kommunikacii // Materialy XII Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. - Ufa, 2020. - S. 51-55.
6. Urjadov A. V. Jevoljucija zhizni v nebiologicheskoj sisteme // Vestnik Bashkirsk. un-ta. - 2020. - # 1.
 
PHILOSOPHY. LAW. SOCIETY
Hassan Ali
The church’s structure of the sub-apostolic era and Christian persecution
The establishment of the church’s identity for Christianity had only begun during the life and after the resurrection of Jesus Christ according to the historical facts of first century, but the transition of its ideals had begun to take effect into a different model of the church. The sub-apostolic era meant that there was no longer a leader in a fleshly form to represent the fate of Christianity or the gentiles to whom the message was newly introduced and who were now intended to carry on the message of its teachings. The resulting dispersal that the Christians faced from the severe persecution that they endured, because of the new doctrine introduced by Christ, still did not negate the church’s transparency for a revolutionizing change that would eventually form a solidified foundation of its intended purpose and structure. This article will attempt to demonstrate the primitive church’s structure, which became manifested during and after the sub-apostolic era and the impending persecution for the followers of early Christianity.
Keywords: Christians, Christianity, Church, structure, persecution
Work bibliographic list
1. The Bible. Biblegateway.com. www.biblegateway.com. Accessed January 26, 2022.
2. Frend W.H.C. The Rise of Christianity. – Philadelphia:Fortress Press, 1984. Eusebius.
3. The History of the Church. Translated by G. A. Williamson. Penguin. – New York, 1989.

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